Page 1

28 Vol. VIII

Issue 2

teJ\w Fgp¯Ñsâ Kpcp: kzman cmam\µ³

13Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw 18

"ae_mÀ teUn 'bpsS ihIpSocs¯ ad¨p]nSn¨p sIm­v h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ hnhcmhImitcJ

ISSN 2319 - 4677 Kilippattu

05

kw`m-jWw

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BKÌv 2013 (1188þ89 IÀ¡SIwþNn§w)

aebmf¯nse k¼qÀW amknI

HmÀUn\³kv `cWw; P\m[n]Xyc£bv¡v tImSXnIÄ;


BKÌv 2013

1188þ1189

IÀ¡SIwþNn§w

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BKÌv 2013 1188-1189

IÀ¡SIwþNn§w

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amÀ¡änMv & FUntämdnb Hm^okv: Infn-¸m«v amknI, Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw- 9. t^m¬: 0471 2456575, 2457473. Website: www.thunchan.org E-mail: kilippattu@gmail.com


]pkvXI{]]©w tUm hn BÀ {]t_m-[-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

]pkvXI{]]©w HmWhpw alm_enbpw Pn sI \¼ymÀ, Csâ{K _pIvkv, B\µm{iw ]n Hm, Imª§mSvþ671 531; BKÌv 2012, ]pdw 72, cq 30/þ

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¯n \mw alm_ensb Nn{XoIcn ç¶Xv, Cu ]Ým¯e¯nÂ, icn tbm Fì Nn´nt¡­nbncnçì. ]cipcmaNcnXw, _menh[w, tKm] kv{Xohkv{Xm]lcWw, cm k{IoU, \cImkpch[w, Cuizc k¦Â]w, Cuizcmcm[\ F¶o hn jb§fpw \¼ymÀ \mXnhnkvXcw NÀ¨sN¿pì. ]pcmWtemI¯n te¡v Cu ]pkvXI¯nÂ\nì {] kcnç¶ {]ImicivanIÄ _lp [m {]tbmP\IcamWv. adp¯pIfnkmlnXyw tUm C {io[c³ tIcf t^mIv temÀ A¡mZan, G{]n 2012, ]pdw 440, cq 240/þ

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

3


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4

Infn-¸m«v

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cntbm, ktlmZcnsb¦n tN¨n tbm A\nb¯ntbm Fì XpS §nb CubSp¯Imew hsc aebm fam{X]ÞnXtemIs¯ Ae«nbn ê¶ Akw_ÔtNmZy§fn \n¶v kzmKXmÀlamb apànt\Sn sb¦nepw, \nÀ`mKyhim ]g¡ ¯nÂam{Xw Du¶ns¡m­pÅ C ¡mes¯ `mjmt{ijvTXmNÀ¨ bn hn«pIfªpIqSm¯ F{X tbm ]Z§fpw {]tbmKhntij§ fpw adp¯pIfnkmlnXy¯n D s­¶v A¯csamê kqNnI \nÊw ibw hyàam¡ntbt\! \½psS Iq¯nsâbpw IqSnbm«¯nsâbpw aÞe¯nÂ\ns¶¶t]mse ae bmf¯nëw tIcf¯nëw am{Xw AhImis¸Smhp¶ ]e khntij {]tbmK§fpw ]qc¡fnþadp¯pI fncwK§fn FgpìImWmw. GXmbmepw tUm {io[cëw t^mIv temÀ A¡mZançw Cu \à ]pkvXIs¯s¨mÃn A`nam\n¡mw.

2013


kw`m-jWw Sn Pn lcnIpamÀ

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^jWepIsf ¡mÄ anI¨ Aa¨À'Cu hn tijWw Ncn{XImc·mcpsSbnS bn Gähpw \¶mbntNcp¶Xv sI inhi¦c³ \mbÀ¡pXs¶. tIcf ¯nse s]mXpacma¯p hIp¸n F³Pn\obdmbn 38 hÀjw tkh\ a\pjvTn¨ At±lw sNdp¸¯n ¯s¶ Ncn{X¯n BIrjvS \mbn. kn hn bpsS amÀ¯mWvU hÀa P\n¸n¨ IuXpIw CXns\mcp \nan¯ambn. F³Pn\obÀ F¶ \nebn DbÀ¶ XkvXnIIfn tPmen sN¿pt¼mgpw Ncn{X¯nsâ lrZb¯nte¡nd§ns¨¶v s\Ãpw ]Xncpw thÀXncn¡m³ iàamb {ia§Ä \S¯n. sI«pIYIfpw am aqepIfpa\pkcn¨v ]qÀhkqcnIÄ \nÀWbn¨p h¨ncp¶ ]e IYIsf bpw amänadn¨v Ahbv¡nSbn Hfn ªpInS¶ncp¶ kXys¯ {]Imin ¸n¡m³ \S¯nb DZya§fmWv G sdbpw. Ncn{XImc·mcpsS te_ep IÄ ]Xn¨p \S¡p¶ ]escbpw AXnibn¡p¶ £amioehpw Xym Py{Kmly hnthN\hpw At±l¯n \p­v. 1993  At±l¯nsâ B Zy{KÙw "thWmSnsâ ]cnWmaw' ]pd¯ph¶p. tIcfkÀ¡mcnsâ kmwkvImcnI {]kn²oIcW hIp ¸mWv {]km[IÀ. H«\h[n Ncn{X {KÙ§fpw tcJIfpw hmbn¨p ]Tn ¨tijamWv Cu {KÙw \nÀan¨ sX¶v hyàw.

]qÀh[mcWsb inhi¦c³ \mbÀ X¨pS¨p. ""hntI{µoIrX kz`mhap ff cmP`cW hyhØbpsS iàn tI{µ§fpw cmPmhv {]amZ§fnte ¡v hgpXnhogpt¼mÄ \nb{´n¨p \ndp¯p¶ amS¼namcpambncp¶p'' F«phoSsc¶v At±lw kaÀYn ¡p¶p.

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Xncp BX³ tImSv þ F¶ Nndhm kzcq]sa¶papff Ncn{X bmYmÀ Yyw Xpd¶p]dbm³ inhi¦c³ \mbÀ ss[cyw ImWn¨p. Cu Ncn {X hkvXpX cmPIpSpw_¯nsâ B{inX·mcmb Ncn{X cNbnXm¡ sfÃmw ad¨p]nSn¨p. BäqÀ Irjv W]njmcSnt]mepw Ahyàamb `mjbnemWv "tIcf Ncn{X'¯n C¡mcyw ]dªn«pffsX¶p Im Wmw. ""IoÄt]cqÀ thWmSnsâ aqeimJbmbn. ChnSps¯ aq¯]p cpj\mWv Xr¸m¸qÀaq¸n\p Øm \w. ChcpsS kv{XoIÄ Bän§te ¡p amdn. NndhimJ Asæn XncphnXmw tIm«p imJ F¶n§ s\ c­p imJIÄ IqSn Ime{Ia

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

5


kw`m-jWw ¯n thWmSn\p­mbn'' F¶v Hgp¡³a«n ]dªp t]mIpI bmWv At±lw. amÀ¯mWvUhÀabpw ]nffamcpw t\À¡pt\À Xmhgn kzcq]§sf Xr¸m¸qÀ aq¸ sâ Iogn GtIm]n¸n¨p \ndp¯p ¶Xn F«ctbmKw F¶ t£{X` cWkanXn¡p­mbncp¶ ]¦pw Xr ¸m¸qÀ aq¸pw tbmKhpw X½nep ­mbkv]À[bpsS ImcWhpw A t±lw Is­¯p¶p. Nndhm aq¸\m bncp¶ amÀ¯mWvUhÀa Xr¸m ¸qÀ "aq¸p' hln¨ncp¶ Bän§Â dmWnbn \n¶v A[nImcw ]nSns¨ Sp¡m³ {ian¨XmWv ]nffamÀ F¶ dnbs¸Sp¶ amS¼namcpsS FXnÀ ¸n\v ImcWambsX¶v inhi¦c³ \mbÀ Dd¸n¡p¶p. A\y XmhgnI sfbpw \m«n {]amWnamcmb amS ¼namscbpw Hs¶m¶mbn D·pe \miw hcp¯nb amÀ¯mWvUhÀa bpsS GIm[n]Xyw P\§fpsS iànsbbpw kzm`nam\s¯bpw XIÀ¯psh¶pw BXy´nIambn AXv cmPys¯ ZpÀ_eam¡n F ¶pw Cu Ncn{XImc³ sXfnbn¨p. cmPtkhIcmb Ncn{XImc·mÀ hcp¯nh¨ hn\ {_Òmhn \n¶p N{µ\pw, N{µ \n \n¶p tNc·mcpw Ahcn \n¶p thWm«p cmPhwihpw D `hn¨p F¶p {]Ncn¸n¡m³ _m[y ØcmbhÀ¡v thWmSp cmPIpSpw _w Iogvt]cqÀ F¶ Ip{Kma¯nÂ

6

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

]utcmlnXyhpw ^yqU {]`pXzhpw \in¸n¨ cmPm[n]Xyw A\nb{´nXamhpIbmbncp¶p. H³]Xmw \qäm­n sImïv Hcp ]ffn hbv¡m³ Ipsd Øew \ÂIp¶Xn\v henb bXv\w th­nh¶p thWmSp cmPmhn\v. F¶m 18þmw \qäm­n XncphnXmwIqÀ apgph³ IÀWm«nIv \hm_n\v ASnbdhbv¡m³ XncphnXmwIqÀ cmPmhn\v Bcpambpw BtemNnt¡­nh¶nÃ. \n¶mWpSseSp¯sX¶v F§s\ ]dbm³ Ignbpsa¶v inhi¦c³ \mbÀ tNmZn¡p¶p. amÀ¯mWvU hÀabpsS Ime¯n\p ap¼s¯ th WmSnsâ Ncn{Xw Ccpfnembncns¡ e`yamb hkvXpXIÄ t]mepw kXykÔambn {]Xn]mZn¡m³ Ignªncp¶nÃ. IÅ¡YIÄ sIm ­p Ncn{XsagpXm³ Xp\nª Ncn {XsshcnIÄ¡v Hcp Xncn¨Snbmbn "thWmSnsâ ]cnWmaw' F¶ {KÙw amdnbXpw AXpsIm­p Xs¶. thWmSnsâ Xmhgn kzcq] §fnsem¶mb Xr¸m¸qcnsâ Iogv LSIw am{Xambncp¶ sIm¨pXncp hnXmwIqÀ hfÀ¶v BZyw Xr¸m¸q cns\bpw ]n¶oSv thWmSns\bpw apgph³ Xs¶bpw DÄs¡m­ti jw s]cnbmÀ hsc hym]n¨XmWv thWmSnsâ ]cnWmaw F¶v A t±lw Is­¯p¶p. ]t£ AXn s\¡mÄ {][m\ambn inhi¦c³ \mbÀ ImWp¶Xv \qäm­pIfmbn \ne\n¶ncp¶ `cW{Ia¯n\v amÀ ¯mWvUhÀa hcp¯nb hn¹hIc amb amä§fmWv. {]mtZinI`cWw XpS¨pamän A[nImcw apgph³ cmPmhn tI{µoIcn¨Xmbncp¶p B amäw. amÀ¯mWvUhÀasbt¸mse A Xn{]KÂ`\mb Hcp GIm[n]Xn \m«n\p KpWw sN¿psa¦nepw At± l¯nsâ ]n·pd¡mscÃmw AXp t]mse {]KÂ`cmbncn¡Wsa¶n söv inhi¦c³ \mbÀ kqNn¸n ¡p¶p. Ac \qäm­n\ptijw Xncp hnXmwIqÀ `cWw GsäSp¯ tI W a¬tdm, amÀ¯mWvU hÀa \S¸m¡nb `cW{Iaw F{Xam{Xw k¦oÀWambncp¶psh¶v Is­ ¯p¶p­v. cmPm[n]Xys¯ \bn ¡pIbpw \nb{´n¡pIbpw sNbv XXv ]utcmlnXyhpw ^yqU {]`p Xzhpambncp¶p. Ah aq¶pw Hä bv¡v A`nejWobasænepw ]c kv]c ]qcI§fmbncp¶p. Ahbp sS tNcphbmbncp¶p P\m[n]Xy

¯n\v hgnsXfn¨sX¶v {_n«ojv Ncn{Xw \s½ ]Tn¸n¡p¶p­v. ]u tcmlnXyhpw ^yqU {]`pXzhpw \in¸n¨ cmPm[n]Xyw A\nb{´n XamhpIbmbncp¶p. H³]Xmw \qäm ­n sImïv Hcp ]ffn hbv ¡m³ Ipsd Øew \ÂIp¶Xn\v henb bXv\w th­nh¶p thWmSp cmPmhn\v. F¶m 18þmw \qäm­n XncphnXmwIqÀ apgph³ IÀWm«nIv \hm_n\v ASnbdhbv¡m³ Xncphn XmwIqÀ cmPmhn\v Bcpambpw B temNnt¡­nh¶nÃ. P\§Ä¡p ]¦mfn¯anÃm¯ `cWw cmahÀa bnembmepw apl½Zmen \hm_nem bmepw \m«pImÀ¡v Hcp t]mse am{Xw. CXmbncp¶p thWmSnsâ bYmÀY ]cnWmaw. XncphnXmwIq dnsâ A[oiXzw \hm_n \n¶v Cw¥ojpImcnte¡p ssIamdnb Xnepw P\§Ä¡v Hcp ]¦panÃmbn cp¶p. \qäm­pbp²w shdpw krjvSn tNctNmf³amÀ X½n CfwIpfw hnhcn¨Xpt]msebpÅ \qäm­p bp²w \S¶n«nsöv inhi¦c³ \mbÀ ]dbp¶p. bp²w IqSmsX Xs¶ tNmf³amcpsS A[oiXztam kulrZtam tNc³amÀ kzoIcn¨n cn¡msa¶mWv At±l¯nsâ aXw. XmWpchnbpw BZnXytNmf\pw X½n Øm]n¨ncp¶ _Ôw Ah cpsS ]n³KmanIÄ Dt]£n¨p F ¶p IcpXm³ Hcp sXfnhpw e`yaÃ. _rlZoizct£{X¯n\p th­n cm PcmPtNmf³ sImÅbn« ae\mSv thWmSmbncp¶p. A§s\ sN ¿m³ t{]cIambXv tNckaql ¯n \n¶p hn«pamdn thWmSv ]m WvUycpambn _Ôapd¸n¨XmWv. ]mWvUy³amÀ s\SpwNSb\p ti jw cmPknwlsâ Imew hsc ssh jvWhcmbncp¶psh¶Xpw hnPbm eb tNmf³amÀ ssihcmbncp¶p sh¶Xpw \nÀhnhmZsa¶v At±lw IcpXp¶p. "Im´fqÀime Iea


kw`m-jWw Z£ntW³Uy³ Ncn{Xw ]Tn¸n¨ncp¶ Xangv A[ym]ItcmSv tNmZn¨p a\Ênem¡nbmWv CfwIpfw {]mNo\XangI ¯nsâ Ncn{Xw ]Tn¨pÄs¡m­Xv. Nne¸XnImc¯nsâ Bcm[I·mcmbncp¶ Xangv A[ym]I·mÀ CfwIpf ¯n\p ]dªpsImSp¯Xv, {]mNo\Imew apX tIcfw `cn¨ncp¶Xv sImSp§ÃqÀ XeØm\am¡nb tNc·mÀ Bbncp¶psh¶mWv. ]Ãh·mscbpw tNmf·mscbpw ]mWvUy·mscbpw ]än Xangn Bgtadnb ]T\§Ä \S¶n«ps­¦nepw tNc·msc¸än AhÀ Imcyamb ]T\§sfm¶pw \S¯nbncp¶nÃ.

dp¯p' F¶p ]dbp¶Xv AXnsâ sFizcyw Ahkm\n¸n¨p F¶ AÀY¯nembmepw At±l¯n\v hntbmPn¸nÃ. NmeqIy\mb Iqtem ¯pwK³ tNmfN{IhÀ¯nbmhp Ibpw At±lw ]mWvUycmPhwi s¯ Xsâ km{amPy¯n ]p\c[n hkn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXXpaqeam Wv "i¦c\mcmbW³' thWm«pcm Pm¡³amcpsS CjvStZhXbmbsX ¶pw AÀYi¦bv¡nSbnÃm¯ hn[w At±lw kaÀYn¡p¶p. thWmSnse `cWm[nImcnIfpsS ap³KmanIÄ thWmSv F¶ t]cnsâ DÂ]¯n sb¸änbpw inhi¦c³\mbÀ¡v hy XykvXamb A`n{]mbamWpÅXv. "thÄ' F¶Xn\v "at\mlcamb' F¶ AÀYamWv ]pcmhkvXpKth jIcmb sI hn kp{_ÒWy¿cpw s{]m^ kpµc³]nÅbpw IÂ]n ¡p¶Xv. thWmSns\at\mlcamb `qan F¶v ]mWvUy³amÀ IcpXnsb ¦n AXn AÂ`pXs¸Sms\m¶p ansöv At±lw IcpXp¶p. thÄ F¶Xn\v `qansb¶pw hocs\¶pw thsdbpw AÀYap­v. thWmSnse thfn\v Cu AÀY§fnsem¶m Im\pw CSbp­v. ae\mSmbncp¶ thWmSnse B Zna\nhmknIÄ th«bmSepw ao³]n Sp¯hpw D]Poh\amÀKam¡nbh cmbncp¶p. AhÀs¡Ãmw taemfÀ CSb³amcmbncp¶p. BbÀ F¶pw B\mbÀ F¶pw CSb³amsc ae bmf¯n ]dbp¶Xpt]mse Xangv kwLImhy§fn Ahsc Bbv Isf¶mWv ]dªp t]m¶Xv. CSb ³amcmbXpsIm­v bmZhsc¶pw IhnIÄ Ahsc ]pIgv¯n. Ah

cmWv thWmSp `cWm[nImcnI fpsS ap³KmanIÄ. Bbn¡pSnbnse A­nc³ kwLIrXnbmb ]pd\m\qdn Bbv cmPm¡·msc¸än ]cmaÀiw D­v. ae\mSpw Xangv\m«nse GXm \pw `mK§fpw DÄs¸« cmPy¯nsâ A[n]\mbncp¶p A­nc³. hS¡p ]Snªmdv s]cnbmdpw Ing¡v Xm{a ]ÀWnbpw A­ncsâ cmPymXnÀ ¯nIfmbncp¶p. sNt¦m«bv¡p k ao]apff s]mXnbn aebmbncp¶p A­ncsâ BØm\w. s]cnbm dn\p sX¡v ]n¶oSp­mb \mSphmgn IpSpw_§sfÃmwXs¶ Bbv tKm {X¡mcmbncp¶p. BbvþtNckwKaw Ggpw F«pw \qäm­pIfnep­mb {_mÒW A[n\nthihpw AXp hgn Bbv tKm{X¡mcnep­mb kmwkv I mcnI ]cnhÀ¯\hpw aqew tNc·mcmbmWv AhÀ ]n ¡me¯v Adnbs¸«Xv. ]mWvUycm Pm¡·mcmb Pb´hÀa\pw ]cm¦p i\pw XangIs¯ tkew, tImb¼ ¯qÀ F¶o PnÃIfn \n¶p Xpc ¯nb, tIcf¯n HXp§n¡qSnb tNc·mcmbncp¶tÃm IpSntbä¡m cmb {_mÒWcpsS c£IÀ. A §s\ hS¡v ]¿¶qÀ apX sX¡p It¶änhscbpff sNdp cmPm¡·m scÃmw kmwkvImcnI ]cnhÀ¯\w aqew tNc kaql¯nse AwK§ fmbn¯oÀ¶p. {KÙcN\bv¡mbn hn]peamb ]cntim[\bpw ]T\hpw inhi¦c³ \mbÀ "thWmSnsâ ]cnWmaw' F¶ {KÙ¯n\p th

­n Aaqey§fmb \nch[n tcJI fmWv ]cntim[n¨Xv. tZin§\mSp kzcq]s¯ kw_Ôn¡p¶ A³] tXmfw imk\§fpw tcJIfpw A t±lw ]T\hnt[bam¡n. aXneIw {KÙhcnIÄ, Icnipgv´awKew im k\§Ä, IÃnS¡pdn¨n IpetiJc apSbmÀ t£{X imk\§Ä, AK kvXoizcw inemimk\§Ä, \mhm bn¡pfw imk\§Ä, ipNo{µw im k\§Ä, Aw_mkap{Zw imk\ §Ä, I\ymIpamcnap«w imk\§ Ä, Xncp¸pS acpXqÀ ]qXÀ KtWi t£{X imk\§Ä F¶nh Ah bn NneXpam{Xw. CfwIpfhpambpff hntbmPn¸v CfwIpfw Ipª³]nffbv¡p {] Wmaw AÀ¸n¨psIm­p Xs¶bm Wv At±l¯nsâ \nco£W§ tfmSv inhi¦c³ \mbÀ hntbmPn ¡p¶Xv. tIcf¯nsâ {]mNo\ Ncn {Xw cNn¡m\pff hgn BZyw Xpd ¶n«Xv CfwIpfw Xs¶bmsW¶pw At±lw k½Xn¡p¶p. Z£ntW³ Uy³ Ncn{Xw ]Tn¸n¨ncp¶ Xangv A[ym]ItcmSv tNmZn¨p a\Ênem ¡nbmWv CfwIpfw {]mNo\XangI ¯nsâ Ncn{Xw ]Tn¨pÄs¡m­Xv. Nne¸XnImc¯nsâ Bcm[I·mcm bncp¶ Xangv A[ym]I·mÀ Cfw Ipf¯n\p ]dªpsImSp¯Xv, {]m No\Imew apX tIcfw `cn¨ncp ¶Xv sImSp§ÃqÀ XeØm\am ¡nb tNc·mÀ Bbncp¶psh ¶mWv. ]Ãh·mscbpw tNmf·m scbpw ]mWvUy·mscbpw ]än Xan gn Bgtadnb ]T\§Ä \S¶n«p s­¦nepw tNc·msc¸än AhÀ Im cyamb ]T\§sfm¶pw \S¯nbncp ¶nÃ. AXpsIm­v Xangv kwLIr

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

7


kw`m-jWw XnIfn ]cmaÀin¡s¸« tNc·m scÃmw Nne¸XnImc¯nse sN¦p «phs\t¸mse sImSp§ÃqÀ `cWm [nImcnIfmbncp¶p sh¶v Xangv ]Wv U nX·mÀ [cn¨ph¨ncp¶p. AhÀ A§s\ CfwIpfs¯ [cn ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. C{]Imcapff ap³[mcWtbmsSbmWv CfwIpfw tIcf Ncn{X]T\hpw A[ym]\ hpw \nÀhln¨Xv. e`yamb Z£n tW³Uy³ tcJIÄ ]cntim[n¨ At±l¯n\v tIcf¯n\p shfn bn tImb¼¯qÀ, tkew PnÃI fnepw tNc·mÀ D­mbncp¶psh¶p ImWm³ Ignsª¦nepw Ahsc Ãmw F Un 5þmw \qäm­n\p tijw tIcf¯n \n¶v At§m«psN¶v IpSntbdnbhcmsW¶v A\pam\n ¡pIbmWv D­mbXv.

¼¯qÀ, a[pc, \ncps\Âthen F¶o PnÃIfpsSbpw IpSInsâbpw Xpfp\mSnsâbpw {]mNo\Ncn{Xw IqSn tIcf Ncn{Xt¯msSm¸w ]T \w sNt¿­Xv BhiyamsW¶v A t±lw tcJs¸Sp¯nbsX¶v inhi ¦c³ \mbÀ \nco£n¡p¶p. Xpfp \mSnsâ Ncn{Xw Ipsdsbms¡ At±lw ]Tn¨psh¦nepw tIcf¯n sâ AbÂ\mSpIsf¸än kq£va] T\w \S¯nbncp¶nÃ. A§s\ ]T \w \S¯nbncp¶psh¦n Hcn¡ epw tIcfw Hcp ]cam[nImc kzX {´cmjv{Sambncp¶nà F¶v At± lw Is­¯pambncp¶p. s]cpam ¡·mcpsS Ime¯pw tIcfw AÀ[ kzX{´§fmb At\Iw \mSpIfm bncp¶psh¶mWv inhi¦c³ \mb cpsS ]£w.

CfwIpfw hnaÀin¡s¸Sp¶p CfwIpf¯nsâ Ncn{XIrXnI sfÃmw teJ\ kamlmc §fmbn cp¶p. kmwtKm]mwKamb ka{K]T \§fmbncp¶nÃ. Xangv kwLIr XnIfpw H¼Xmw \qäm­papXepff ]pcmenJnX§fp ambncp¶p apJy ambpw Ncn{X]T\¯n\v At±lw B[mcam¡nbXv. F Un A©pw Bdpw \qäm­pIfnemWv XangvIr XnIÄ cNn¡s¸«Xv F¶mWv At± lw IW¡m¡nbXv. Ggmw \qäm ­phscbpff cN\Ifpw kwLIr XnIfnÂs¸Spsa¶v At±lw Is­ ¯n. ]Xpän¸¯nse ]¯p tNc·m cpw A©pw Bdpw \qäm­pIfn tIcfw `cn¨hcmsW¶v At±lw A\pam\n¨p. F Un 800 apX 1102 hsc sImSp§Ãqsc tNc·mÀ tI cfw AS¡n`cn¨psh¶pw AhÀ {] Xm]nIfpw {]Pmt£a XÂ]ccpam bncp¶psh¶pamWv At±l¯nsâ asämcp Is­¯Â. sImSp§Ãqcn se tNc·msc "s]cpam¡³'amsc ¶pw AhcpsS ImeL«¯nse tI cfs¯ "IpetiJc km{amPyw' A Yhm "c­mw tNckm{amPyw' F ¶pw BWv At±lw ]cmaÀin¨Xv. tNc·mÀ tIcf¯n ]nd¶h cmsW¶pw F Un 1102 hsc AhÀ tIcfw AS¡n`cn¨ncp¶p F¶p apff c­v A_²[mcWIfpsS ASnØm\¯nemWv CfwIpf¯n sâ Ncn{XteJ\§Ä hgnsXänb sX¶v inhi¦c³ \mbÀ Nq­n¡m «p¶p. CXpaqew [mcmfw \yq\X IÄ At±l¯nsâ \nco£W§ fn IS¶pIqSn. X\n¡p]änb A _²§Ä ]n¡me¯v At±l ¯n\pXs¶ t_m[ys¸«XpsIm ­mIWw ""\oeKncn, tkew, tImb

`mjmhnZymÀYnIÄ¡v Ncn{X ]T\w CfwIpfw Ncn{Xw ]Tn¸n¨Xv `mjm hnZymÀYnIsf am{XamWv. {]KÂ` cmb At\Iw injy·mÀ At±l ¯n\p­mbncp¶p. ]t£ Ahsc Ãmw Ncn{X]T\¯n\p ap¶n«nd §m³ XmÂ]cyanÃm¯ `mjm]Wv UnX·mcpw kmlnXyImc³amcpw am{Xambncp¶p. A¡mcW¯m CfwIpfw apt¶m«ph¨ Ncn{XKth jWw apt¶m«psIm­pt]mIm³ injy³amcpw D­mbnÃ. Ncn{X ¯n XmÂ]cyapÅ NneÀ Cfw Ipf¯nsâ ]T\¯nse ]nghpIÄ Nq­n¡m«nbn«ps­¦nepw Ah ]cnlcn¨v ka{Kamb Hcp {]mNo\ tIcfNcn{Xw cNn¡phm³ Ahcm cpw ]cn{ian¨nÃ. ]n¡me¯v tI cfNcn{XcN\ \S¯nb hyànIÄ CfwIpf¯nsâ ]T\§sf¸än au\w ]men¡pItbm Asæn At±lw hcp¯nb ]ngIÄ AtX ]Sn ]IÀ¯pItbm BWv sNbv XXv. AXpsIm­v 12þmw \qäm­p hscbpÅ tIcfNcn{Xw ]Tnt¡ ­n hcp¶ hnZymÀYnIÄ CfwIpfw hcp¯nb sXäpIsf¡qSn ]p\Àhn Nn´\w \S¯msX Dcphn«p ]Tn¡p IbmWv Ct¸mgpw sN¿p¶sX¶v ]dtb­nhcpw.

8

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

kwLIrXnIÄ H¶papXÂ aq¶p \qäm­phsc am{Xw kwLIrXnIfpsS Imew F Un A©pw Bdpw \qäm­pIfmsW¶ CfwIpf¯nsâ hmZw inhi¦c³ \mbÀ A¸msS XÅn¡fbp¶p. F Un 1 apXÂ 3 \qäm­phscbmWv AhbpsS Imew F¶v At±lw kaÀYn¡p¶p. AXn\pt]mÂ_e Iamb sXfnhpIÄ "{]mNo\ae

bmf'¯n \nc¯p¶p­v. tNc³amcpsS XeØm\w "Icp hqÀ' F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ sImSp§Ãq cn\Sp¯pÅ "Icp¸S¶'bmsW¶v CfwIpfw sXämbn A\pam\n ¡p¶p. bYmÀY¯n BZntNc³ amcpsS \mSv Xangv\m«nse tImb¼ ¯qÀ, CutdmUv, tkew, \a¡Â, IcqÀ, [Àa]pcn F¶o PnÃIfnem bncp¶psh¶pw H¶mw \qäm­n DZb³tNc tNccmPyw Ing¡p \n¶p ]ÝnaXoct¯¡p hym]n¸n ¡pIbmWp­mbsX¶v inhi¦ c³\mbÀ Is­¯p¶p. \¶³ F¶Xv Hcp cmPmhnsâ t]cmbn CfwIpfw IW¡m¡p t¼mÄ, aK[bn \n¶v IpSntbdn IÀWmSI¯nsâ AXnÀ¯nbn A[nhkn¨ cmPhwiamWv "\¶³ amÀ'(\µ³amÀ) F¶v inhi¦c³ \mbÀ IW¡pIq«p¶p. C{]Imcw CfwIpf¯nsâ \nc h[n Is­¯epIÄ Xncp¯n Ncn {XcN\sb IqSpX hnizmktbm Kyam¡m³ sI inhi¦c³ \mbÀ {ian¨n«p­v. Xncph\´]pcw \K cnbn `cWkncmtI{µamb sk{I «dntbän\p kao]apÅ ho«n HXp§n¡gnbp¶ At±lhpambn kwkmcn¡pt¼mÄ tIcfNcn{X \nÀanXn¡pXIp¶ sXfnhpIÄ I s­¯nb Hcp `mhhpw B apJ¯v \ngen¨n«nÃ. Hcp Ncn{XImctâbà kvt\l\n[nbmb Hcp ap¯Ñsâ icoc`mjbpambn«mWv Infn¸m«p {]Xn\n[nIfpambn At±lw kw `mjWw \S¯nbXv. thWmSnsâ ]cnWmaw, {]mNo\ tIcfw, A\´]pcn \qäm­pIfn eqsS F¶o {]uV{KÙ§fneqsS tIcfNcn{XimJbv¡v Cu F³Pn \obÀ \ÂInb kw`mh\IÄ C\n bpw th­coXnbn NÀ¨sN¿s¸ «n«pt­m? CtX taJebn {]hÀ ¯n¨psIm­ncn¡p¶ tUm Fw Pn Fkv \mcmbWt\mSpw aebn³Iogv tKm]meIrjvWt\mSpw IS¸mSp tcJs¸Sp¯n apt¶m«pt]mIp¶ Cu Ncn{XImcsâ sNt¸SpIfn Hfnªncn¡p¶ A\ÀL§fmb cXv\§Ä Is­¯m³ Ncn{XKth jIÀ F{X I­v apt¶m«phcp¶p sh¶Xv ImeL«¯nsâ {]bmW s¯ B{ibn¨ncn¡pw. C¶sehsc Is­¯nb Ncn{Xs¯ AÔambn B{ibn¡msX sXfnhpIfpsS ASnØm\¯n hnebncp¯n ]p Xnb Ncn{Xw krjvSn¡phm³ inh i¦c³\mbsct¸mse F{Xt]À apt¶m«phcpsa¶v \ap¡v t\m¡n bncn¡mw.


hnaÀi-\-lmkyw sN½-\w-Nmt¡m

Btábmkv{Xw

BĨ§e cm

a³sImÃ\p Xpeyw \m «n cma³sImó am{X tabpÅq. Ab \m«nepw CXpt]m se kaÀY\mb Hcp sImÃ\nÃ. ISp¯ Imcncp¼pt]mepw cma³ sImÃsâ ASps¯¯nbm A\p kcWapÅ Hcp iniphns\¡W ¡mIpw. Asæn NpWbpÅ Hcp Zmks\t¸mse Bbn¯ocpw. Ccp ¼v Debn ]gp¸n¨v DXInb ]Xw hcpt¼mÄ FSp¯v IqSw sIm­p sIm«n AXn\v Xsâ DÅnencn¡p¶ BIrXnhcp¯p¶ Iebn cma³ sImÃ\p Xpeyw \m«n asämcp sImÃ\nÃ. B\¨§e ]Wnbp¶Xn\mem Wv cma³sImÃ\v Gsd XmÂ]cyw. B tZi¯pw AbÂtZi¯pw AXn\v Hcp FXncmfnbnà Xm\pw. sImesIm¼³ B\aZws]m«n Xp ¼n¡chpw s]m¡n Bªphen¨m epw s]m«m¯ hn[¯nÂ, Hmtcm I®nbpsSbpw GWpw tImWpw k kq£vaw ]cntim[n¨v A{X_e ¯n\v, A{X ]X¯n\v B\¨§e ]Wnbpw. cma³sImÃ\dnbmw F{X tIaw B\¨§ebmsW¦nepw Hcp I®n ZpÀ_eambncp¶m ]ns¶ B N§e \njv^eamsW¶v. a¡Äs¡m¶pw N§e ]Wn bn {i² ImWm¯Xn a\hpw \odnbncn¡p¶ cma³sImÃs\ac Ww amSnhnfn¨p. ]WnXpsIm­n cp¶ N§et]mepw XoÀ¡m³ Ign ªnÃ. C\nbpw Hcp I®nIqSn ] Wnbm\p­v. AXn\pap¶w cma³ sImÃs\acWw h¶p hnfn¨psIm ­pt]mbn. Hcp I®n ZpÀ_eam bm N§e apgph³ ]mgv! AtXmsS PohnXKXnbSª a¡Ä, AÑsâ sXmgn alXzw hos­Sp¡p¶XmWv c£mamÀKw F¶p a\Ênem¡n. AhÀ ]Iepw Bebn ]WntbmSp]Wnbmbn Hcp I®nIqSn¸WnXv B\¨§e sImSp¡Ww.BÀ¡pw ]Xw \nÝb anÃ, IqSw sIm«m³ ]cnNbanÃ. Ccp¼v F§s\ FhnsS apdn¡Ww F¶pt]mepw \nÝbanÃ. Hcp¯³

]dbp¶sXm¶v. asämcp¯³ Ibdn s¨¿p¶Xp asäm¶v. At\ym\yw AhÀ ]Ãp ISn¨p. X½n¯Ãpw XpS§n. \m«nemsI ]m«v! s]mXpP\w ]dªp:-þ ""B\¨ §e ]Wnbp¶Xv C§s\Xt¶

thWw. X½n¯Ãpw sh«pIp¯pw \S¯p¶ ]pXnb Xeapd sImÅmw. ]ckv]c Iel¯nsâ _v{`m´p apgp¯ Chsc Bcp Xfbv¡pw? Chsc Xfbv¡m\pÅ BĨ§e Bcp \nÀan¡pw? ''

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

9


]T\w tUm. hn sI lcnlc\p®n¯m³

cm

XpfkoZmkImhyw Pk¦Â¸w

cmaIYmJym\w kapZmb¯nsâ ØnXn]me\¯n\pw tam£kn²n ¡papÅ D]mbamsW¶Xn\mÂ, Xp fkoZmkImhy§fnse IenbpKw \ntj[mßIambpw cmacmPyw `m hmßIambpw IhnbpsS kapZmb k¦Â¸w kqNn¸n¡p¶p F¶v \n Êwibw ]dbmw. cmaNcnXam\kw, hn\b]{XnI, IhnXmhen F¶nh bn GXm­p kam\amb `mj bn ImWp¶ IenbpKhÀW\IÄ IhnbpsS kaImenIPohnX¯nsâ X]vX\nizmkw hn§p¶hbmWv. cmaNcnXam\k¯nse cmacmPy hÀW\`qXIme{InbIfneqsS `m hnbnse kz]v\km{amPys¯ bm YmÀYyam¡p¶pthm F¶p tXm ¶pw. IenbpKhÀW\Ifnepw cma cmPyhÀW\bnepw Hcpt]mse D _Wambn \n¡p¶ Hcp `mhhn tijap­v :- thZhnlnXamb hÀ Wm{ia[Àat¯mSp Ihn¡pÅ AZ ayamb A`n\nthiw. IenbpK¯n se hÀWm{ia[Àatem]¯n ]cn X]n¡p¶ Ihn cmacmPy¯nse AXnsâ kp{]XnjvTbn Bizm khpw B\µhpa\p`hn¡p¶p. Ien bpK¯nÂ, hncXnbpw hnthIhpap äXpw {ipXnkpk½Xhpamb lcn` àn]Y¯neqsS Ncn¡msX P\ §Ä taml\ncXcmbn ]ehgnbe bp¶p (7/100). cmacmPy¯nemIs«, _cv\m{iav \nPv \nPv [cvav \ncXv t_Zv]Yv temKv Nelnw kZm, ]mhlnw kpJlnw, \lnw `bv tkmIv, \tcmKv (]ucÀ \nP\nP hÀWm{ia[Àaþ kwcXcmav\mbamÀK¯neqSth timI`btcmKtaXptatbimsX kuJyap­p­p Ncn¨q kIecpw). (7/20) A§s\, {ipXnk½Xhpw hnc XnhnthIkwbpXhpamb lcn`àn kmaqlnIXe¯nse¯pt¼mÄ {ipXnk½Xamb hÀWm{ia[Àa

ambn cq]w amdp¶p. AcmPIXz¯n sâ hnf\neamWv IenbpKw. Ahn sS "\ne ad¶nSpw kIecpw'. \ne hÀWhyhØbpw B{iaNcybp amWv. AXn\p Xm§v "[Àa[pcÔ c\pw Bav\mbamÀKK\pamb cm Pmhv' (7/ 24). \nKa§Ä, kÖ\m`n {]mbw, P\m`nemjw, cmP\oXn F¶nhbpsS k¯v DuänsbSp¯v AXn¶\pkcn¨p thWw cmPmhp {]hÀ¯n¡pI: Ic_v km[paXv temIvaXv \r]v \bv \nKav \ntNmcn. (2/258) XpfkoZmksâ cmPk¦Â¸w cmPmhn\p\ÂIp¶Xv {]PIfpsS ]nXmhnsâ Øm\amWv. Nn{XIqS ¯nÂh¨v `cX\p cmP[Àaap]tZ in¡th cma³ ]dbp¶p: A¶ ]m\w X\ntb sNbvXmepw icoc s¯ H¶mbn¸peÀ¯p¶ hmbt]m se hnthInbmb a¶h³ {]PIsf H¶mbn c£n¡Ww (2/316). cmPmhv k]vXmwK§sf hnthI]qÀhw t]m än¸peÀ¯m³ D®p¶Xv \nIpXn bmWv. cmPmhn\p XpfkoZmk³ in]mÀi sN¿p¶Xv, {]Xy£\nIp XnbÃ. cmPmhp Icw CuSm¡p¶Xv Pt\m]Imc{]Zamb ]cnjv I mc §Ä \S¸nemIp¶Xphgntb P\ §Ä Adnbmhq F¶v, ImfnZmks\ (cLphwiw, 1.17,19) A\pcWn¸n¨p sIm­v, At±lw ]dbp¶p (tZm lmhveo, 508). {]PIfdnbmsX {]PIfpsS ] ¡Â\n¶p ]ncns¨Sp¡p¶ \nIpXn sIm­p {]Pmt£aw ]peÀ¯p¶ CuizcmwiP\pw kÀhKpWk¼ ¶\pw {]PmhÂke\pamb cmPmhn sâ imk\bn³Iogn thZhnlnX amb hÀWm{ia[Àaw Adnª\p jvTn¨p kt£aw hÀ¯n¡p¶ {] Pmhrµw þ- CXmWv XpfkoZmksâ k¦Â¸¯nse kaqlw, cmacmPyw, t£acmjv{Sw.

hÀWm{iaho£Ww KpWIÀa§Ä ASnØm\amb hÀ

Khn`P\w, HcpXc¯nesæn asämcpXc¯nÂ, FÃm kmaqlnI hyhØnXnbnepap­mhpw. t¹täm bpsS IayqWnÌp kz`mhapÅ amXrImdn¸»n¡nepw C¯csamcp hÀKhn`P\w ImWp¶p­v. C½m Xncn hÀKhn`P\§fpsS ASn¯d Ime{Ia¯n P·ambn¯oÀ¶v Ah A[x]Xn¡pw. `mcX¯nse hÀWhyhØbv¡p ]änbXpw asäm ¶Ã. NmXpÀhÀWy¯nsâ ASn ¯d KpWIÀa§fmbncp¶p F¶v `KhZvKoX(4.13)bnÂ\n¶p a\Ên em¡mw. ]mWn\ob¯n\p ]XRvP en FgpXnb alm`mjy¯nÂ, hym IcW¯nsâ {]tbmP\w injvScp sS `mj kzmb¯am¡pIbmsW ¶p hnhcn¡p¶nS¯v, BcymhÀ¯ ¯nse {_mÒWcmWv injvSsc¶p ]dbth, AhÀ¡p \ÂInbn«pÅ "\IÝnZ´tcW IkymwÝnZv hn Zymbmx ]mcKmx' (asäm¶n\pw th ­nbÃmsX GsX¦nepsamcp hnZy bpsS adpIc ]qInbhÀ) F¶ hntijWw C¸dªXn\p asämcp sXfnhmWv. thZhnlnXamb hÀWhyh Ø AwKoIcn¡p¶ XpfkoZmk³ F´n\mWv {]m[m\yw I¸n¡p ¶Xv? -KpWIÀa§Ät¡m? P·¯n t\m? AkµnKv[amb Hcp¯cw Ffp¸aÃ. ImcWw, c­ns\bpw kaÀYn¡p¶hcp­v, At±l¯n sâ IYm]m{X§fnÂ. `àcmI bm Kpl\pw i_cnbpw cma¶p {]nb¦ccmWv; XpfkoZmk¶p ]qP \obcpw. F¦nepw IenbpKhÀW\ am\k¯nse hÀWt`Zw P·m[njv TnXamsW¶v Dds¡¸dbp¶p­v (7/99, 100). XpfkoZmk\p {_mÒWtcm Spw tZhItfmSpw BZchmtWm DÅXv ? cmaNcnXam\k¯nse {_mÒWÀ sN¿p¶ {]hr¯n tlm a]qPmZnIÄ sN¿pI, Z£nWbpw Zm\hpw kzoIcn¡pI, `pPn¡pI, Xcp¶hsc BioÀhZn¡pI, Aln

1. hÀW(<hrþ)i_vZ¯n\v hcn¡Â/sXcsªSp¸v F¶v AÀYw. P\n¡p¶Xv FÃmhcpw iq{Zcmbn«mWv. X¶nse {XnKpW§fpsS Gä¡pd¨nen\\pkcn¨v HcmÄ kzoIcn¡p¶ IÀaaÞes¯ ap³\nÀ¯nbmWv AbmfpsS hÀWw. CXv GXp aXhn`mK¡mÀ¡pw {]kàamb s]mXpX¯zat{X.

10

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013


]T\w Xw sN¿p¶hsc i]n¨v temIm] ImcnIfm¡pI F¶nhbt{X. ]qPm hr¯n D¯aambXsöv hknjv T³ thZmZnIsf km£nbm¡n Xpd ¶p]dbp¶p­v: D]vtcmlnXyv IÀav AXnaµm, t_Zv ]pcm\v kparXn Icv \nµm (\oNamtWäw ]ptcmlnXhr¯n sbþ ¶mKaw, imkv{Xw, ]pcmWanIgv ¯p¶q). (7/48). am\k¯nse {_mÒWcnÂ, {]Xm]`m\pNcnX¯nse {_mÒW sct¸mse AhnthInIfpw `pip ÞnbpsS Kpcphns\t¸mse £am ioecpap­v . h©\bv ¡ ncbmbn AdnbmsX sNbvXpt]mb sXän\v, {]Xm]`m\phnsâ {]ikv X amb kuioeyw XoÀ¯pw hnkvacn¨v, At±ls¯bpw Iq«scbpw i]n¨v temIm]ImcnIfm¡p¶ B {_mÒ Wsc IhnXs¶ tIm]mÔcpw ho­phnNmcanÃm¯hcpw F¶p hn tijn¸n¨n«p­v (1/173). C¯c¡m cÃ, `pipÞn AdnªpsIm­p sNbvX sXäp s]mdp¡p¶ hn{]s\ t¸msebpÅhcmWv ]qPmÀlsc¶ t{X Ihn [z\n¸n¡p¶Xv. tZhIfpS tPmen i{Xphns\ `b¶v KplIfnsemfn¡pI; X§ sf B]¯nÂ\n¶p tamNn¸n¡m\p XIp¶Xp hÃXpw \ctemI¯v Ac t§dpt¼mÄ ]q¡Ä Xqhn, s]cp ¼d sIm«n BSn¸mSpI, Nne klm b§Ä sNbvXpsImSp¡pI; A\y cpsS sFizcyw I­v Akqbs¸ SpI þ A{XXs¶. tZh·msc kzmÀ YnIsf¶pw A[asc¶pw ]eh«w hntijn¸n¨n«p­v, XpfkoZmk³. thZImes¯ t{ijvT\mb C{µ\à am\k¯nepÅXv. C{µs\hntijn ¸n¡m³ \à hm¡pIÄ XpfZmk sâ i_vZtImi¯n CÃXs¶. HcpZmlcWw: X¶psS hmbnse¨p¡ns¨msc Ãnsâ Xp­hpw ssIhiam¡pw lcn sb¶p i¦n¨p a­pw iT\mb \mbt]m i¦n¸q \mWanÃmsX kptcizc³. (1/125) am\k¯nse tZh·mÀ aäp ÅhcpsS {]bXv\¯nsâ ^ea\p `hn¨p kpJn¡p¶ htcWyhÀK s¯{]Xn\n[m\wsN¿p¶Xpt]m setXm¶p¶p. £{XnbcmIs« hoccpw s]m Xphn [Àa\njvTcpamWv. aäp \m

co\cÀ [ÀaamNcn¡p¶hcpw A\y cpsS \·bn DÃkn¡p¶hcpw, Agen ]cnX]n¡p¶hcpw ]cn{i aimenIfpat{X. AXn\mÂ, `qkpc cnÂ\n¶p ]oU\taähs\¶v A\p {ipXnIfn JymX\mb XpfkoZm k³ `q\mIkpcsc ]qPn¡m\p t_m[n¸n¡p¶Xv tkm]lmktam? KmÀlØyamWv, kmaqlnI Pohn¯nsâ ASn¯dbmb B{i aw. Iukeymkpan{Xamsct¸me s¯ A½amÀ, cmtam]acmb ]q{X·mÀ, koXmatÞmZcnamsc t¸mes¯ `mcyamÀ, `ctXm]acmb ktlmZcXpey ssham{XÀ (Hcp ]pcpj\v ]ekv{XoIfn ]nd¶ hÀ)1, e£vaW kp{Kohl\qa kZricmb A\pNcan{XtkhIÀ F¶n§s\t]mIp¶q XpfkoZmk sâ IpSpw_k¦Â¸w. C¸dªh scÃmwXs¶ hyànbpsS t£a s¯¡mÄ IpSpw_¯nsâbpw kaq l¯nsâbpw t£a¯n\v IqSpX IqSpX hne I¸n¡p¶hcmWv. hyàn[Àaw, IpSpw_[Àaw, kaql [Àaw F¶nhsb AXnhÀ¯n¨p \n¡p¶ hniz[Àa¯nsâ {]tbm Kimebmb cmacmPy¯n £m cm¾§sf thÀXncn¨dnbm\pÅ enäv akv ]co£Ww sFIm´nIamb cma`ànbÃmsX asäm¶mhpIbn ÃtÃm: Pm tI {]nbv \cmav ss_tZlo tkm OmwUnG tImSn ss_co kav PZy]n ]cav kt\lo. koXmcLphc·msc {]nbaÃm¯ Pohnsb, ]ca{]nbs\¶mepw XyPn¡q tImSni{Xpt]mÂ. (hn.]., 174)

kv{Xok¦Â¸w XpfkoZmksâ kmaqlnIho£W ¯nsâ asämcphiamWv, At±l ¯nsâ {kv-Xok¦Â¸w. XpfkoZm kkmlnXy¯nse Gähpw hnhmZ {Kkv-Xamb Awiw asäm¶Ã. Hcp ]äw \ncq]IÀ¡v XpfkoZmk³ kv{XoPmXnsb AdnªmZcn¡p¶ Zm£nWyhm\msW¦n asämcp Iq«À¡v At±lw {kv-XoItfmSp Xcn ¼pw A\p`mhtam BZcthm CÃm ¯ kv{Xo\nµI\mWv. am\k¯n se IYm]m{X§sfÃmw Xs¶ þ- k ¯pak¯pw, {kvXobpw ]pcpj\pw þ- Hcpt]mse kv{Xo\nµIcmWv. "hnizambmkzcq]amw \mcn', "\mcn \n_nUamw cm{XyÔImcw' F¶n §s\Xcs¸Spt¼msgms¡ {kv -

Xosb tZzjn¡p¶ps­¦nepw, Hcp {]IcW¯n AhfpsS Iã¸mSp Ifn A\pI¼mÀ{Z\pamIp¶p­v, XpfkoZmk³ (1/102). ss\anjnI at{X, Cu ImcpWyw. XpfkoZmk kmlnXy¯nsâ Ømbn`mhw kv{Xo\nµ\amWv. ]pcpj¶p taÂt¡mbvabpÅ kaql§fnseÃmw {kv-Xo F¶pw t`mKkm[\w, C{µnbmÀYw, am{Xw. cqVaqeamb B C{µnbmÀYk ¦Â¸w A\hkc¯nÂt¸mepw ad \o¡n shfns¸Sp¶p­v, XpfkoZm kkmlnXy¯nÂ. cmas\t¯Sn Nn{XIqS¯nte¡p t]mIp¶ `cX s\bpw aäpw k¡cn¡m³ Xpfko Zmksâ `cZzmPalÀjn Hcp¡nb hn`h§Ä "{kIv Nµ\v h\nXmZnIv t`mKm' (2/5/214) BWtÃm. kv{XoXzs¯bpw hÀWhyh Øsbbpw ]änb \ne]mSpIÄ XpfkoZmksâ PohnXho£W ¯nsâ ZpÀ_e hi§fmsW¶p ]dbmw. XpfkoZmksâ cma³ X¯zNn ´m]cambn "AtijImcW]c' \m sW¦nepw cmjv{SobþkmaqlnI ho£W¯n cmPmhmWv, kmaq lnI hyhØnXnbpsS {]XoI amWv. B \nebv¡v XpfkoZmksâ cma`ànsb cmambWImes¯ kmaqlnIhyhØnXntbmSpw AXn sâ \nbmaIiàntbmSpapÅ Iqsd ¶p IW¡m¡mw. cmPmhnsâ k KpWk¼¶Xbpw iànbpw {]Xm ]hpw {]PmhmÂkeyhpw {]PI Ä¡p cmPmhnt\mSpÅ IqdpamWv `cWb{´¯nsâ kpKaamb {]hÀ ¯\¯n\pw kmaqlnIhyhØn XnbpsS kpØncamb \ne\n¸n \pw ASnØm\sa¶p XpfkoZm k³ hnizkn¡p¶p. hyhØnXn bpsS cq]`mh§Ä¡p amäap­mbm epw Cu hnizmk¯n A´À`hn ¨n«pÅ kmam\yX¯zw AkwKX amIp¶nÃ.

\s·mgnap¯pIÄ cmaNcnXam\kw \s·mgnIfpsS \sÃmcp cXv\mIcamWv. Ahbn ]eXn\pw ]gs©mÃnsâ tNepX s¶bp­v; DZm: 1. tNX\mtNX\w tZmjKpWabw [mXmhp hniz{]]©w hncNn¨q; kÖ\lwkw hnImchmcn shSnþ ªpÖoh\w KpWZpKv[w {Kln ¨nSpw (1/6) 2. tkmZcan{XKpcp¡tfmXn¯cpw

1. Xw Xp tZiw \ ]iyman b{X {`mXm ktlmZcx F¶p hmÂaoInbpsS cma³; aneC \PKXv ktlmZcv {`mXm F¶p XpfkoZmk sâbpw (6/4/61).

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

11


]T\w in£W§Ä intcm[mcyam¡m¯ hÀ, i¦ th,­p®pw ]caa\pibw; X¦pahÀ¡p lnXlm\nbpw ]cw. (2/63) 3. \oXnbnÃm\mSp, [ÀaanÃm²\w, am[hm\À¸nXw IÀaw ip`¦cw, \à hnthIapWÀ¯m¯ hnZybpw t\Sm³ sImXn¨m ^ew {iaw am {Xamw. (3/21) Zriy{InbmZnIfpsS hÀW \bn kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶ A{]kv

XpX§Ä ]eXpw kZmNmc]cam Wv. EjyaqI¯nse ag¡mehpw ic¡mehpw e£vaWs\hÀWn ¨ptIĸn¡m³ (4/13þ17) cma³ ssIs¡mÅp¶ D]am\§Ä kZm Nmckw_ÔnIfmWv. Ah Gsd bpw `mKhX(10.20)¯n hrµmh\ ¯nse ag¡mehpw ic¡mehpw hÀWn¡m³ kzoIcn¨n«pÅhbm WpXm\pw. bp²hÀW\bnÂt¸m epw Cu kz`mhw ImWp¶p­v; DZm lcW¯n\v, cma³ Btábmkv{X

ab¨t¸mÄ sh«w ]c¶v CcpfI ¶Xv "hn«pt]mwt]mse hnXÀ¡adn hn\mÂ' (6/92) BWt{X; cma³ cm hWsâ XeIÄ Hs¶m¶mbn apdn ¨t¸mÄ Ah InfnÀ¯Xv "tkhn s¡b\zlw sshjbnImkhw / kwhr²n \qX\Imataep¶t]m' sebpw (6/92) "XoÀY`qhn h¨p sN¿paLwka'hpw (6/97) "a­nem `m]vXnbntedpw ]nip¡pt]m'se bpw (6/102) Bbncp¶t{X. (XpScpw)

IhnX hn Fkv hnPbtaml\³

`mcy sNmÃp¶p:

acoNnI

"thZ\n¨pthm'sb¶ tNmZyw AØm\¯msW¶p a\ojnIÄ ]t­ ]dªp h¨n«p­v... tJZw tXm¶n ]qÀWm\µ{]bmW¯n XSIÃmbn amdntbm tNmZyw? A]qÀWXIÄ NXn¡pgnIÄ ]qÀWX t\Sm\dnbm\mhmþ sXb\phZn¡msX CSt§dpIfmb ]qÀWXIÄ \qdn \qdp XnIbv¡m\mhmXþ ]qÀWX¡pcp¡n hnZymImw£n. {]Wb¯n³ ]qÀWkm^eyþ tamcmX]qÀWam¡pw kzPohnXw {]nbIanXm¡Ä. AgIphgnbpw \nXy\qX\þ {]IrXnku`KaacamhmsX {_jvjns\¸gn¡pw Nn{XImc³. sh¬ISemkne´Àam\kþ `mthm·oe\a]qÀWamsI timImIpe\mbv s\SphoÀ¸nbepw kmlnXohchÃ`s\mcph³. ]«nWntcmKmXpcieyþ atijaIäm³ temIsamcp¯ahmktKlþ ambv XoÀ¡m\mhmXpcpIpw BÀ{ZNn¯\mw tkh\\ncX³. ]mcamÀYnI{_Òeb\w tXSnbmIpe_v{`m´Nn¯\mbv kÀhkwKXymKnbmbv acphpþ aXn{]_p²\map{KXm]k³. F§pta\ne\nÂ]X]qÀWX ]qÀWXsbmcp kz]v\acoNnI ZmlNn¯cmbv Xm´]mZcmbv \maebp¶nX\mZnImeambv... `mcy Nncn¡p¶p: ]qÀWXb]qÀWXbvt¡Ipþ ahkc§sf{Xsb{X ASp¯ Ahkc¯n\mbn \ap¡pw Im¡mw ASp¯ Ah[nZn\w hsc....

12

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013


DÄ¡mgvN Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

HmÀUn\³kv `cWw; P\m[n]Xyc£bv¡v tImSXnIÄ; kqtcymÀPhpw

A

Xn`oa³ XpI HcmÀUn \³kneqsS! {]XnhÀjw Hcpe£¯n Ccp]¯ ¿mbncw (1,25,000) tImSn cq] sNe hnSm\pff Hcp henb ]²XnbmWv shdpsamcp HmÀUn\³kneqsS tUm a³taml³kn§pw tkmWnb bpw tNÀ¶p \S¯p¶ `cWw ASn b´cambn {]Jym]n¨ncn¡p¶Xv þ `£ykpc£mHmÀUn\³kpw C Xn\v A´nacq]w \ÂIm³ tI{µ` £ya{´nbmb \½psS s{]m^ sI hn tXmaÊpw Iq«cpw \mep sImà ambn {ian¨phcpIbmWt{X! \mep hÀjsaSp¯p cq]w \ÂInb CXv GXm\pw Znhk§Ä IqSn Ignªv ]mÀesaân AhXcn¸n¨p IqSmbn cpt¶m? {]Xn]£ ]mÀ«nIÄ IqSn ]s¦Sp¯ NÀ¨IÄ¡ptijw CXv AwKoIcn¡pIbmbncp¶p P\m[n ]XyacymZbpw am\yXbpw. HmÀUn \³kn H¸nSm³ cmjv{S]Xn {]W _v ap¡ÀPn aq¶p \mep ZnhksaSp

¯Xv Cu Xocpam\w hgn sNehntS ­nhcp¶ AXn`oa³ XpI I­v sR«nbn«mtWm? ]eXhW [\a {´nbmbncp¶ At±l¯n\v tImSn IfpsS {]m[m\yw AdnbmsX hcnà tÃm. GXmbmepw, Bdp amk¯n ¶Iw Cu HmÀUn\³kv ]mÀesa ân\p ap¼n sIm­phcpIbpw th Ww, \nbaambn ]mkm¡nsbSp ¡m³. F´mWv `£ykpc£m\nbaw? C³Uybnse \qän Ccp]XptImSn tbmfw hcp¶ P\§fn 67 iXam \¯n\pw `£ykm[\§Ä Xosc Ipdª hnebv¡v e`yam¡pI F¶ XmWv Cu HmÀUn\³knsâ e £yw. Hmtcm hyàn¡pw Hmtcm am khpw Intembv¡v aq¶p cq] h¨v A©p Intem Acnbpw c­p cq] h ¨v A©p Intem tKmX¼pw Intem bv¡v Hcp cq] h¨v A©p Intem aä kwkvIrX `£yhn`h§fpw \ Ip¶XmWv Cu ]²Xn. Ahnizk

\obamwhn[w `oaamb XpIbpsS Cu ]²Xn ASps¯¯nb ]mÀe saâ v XncsªSp¸ns\ e£yan«p sIm­mWv bp ]n F kÀ¡mÀ sIm ­ph¶sX¶ {]Xn]£ Btcm] W¯n Gsd Ig¼p­v. hcp¶ Xn csªSp¸p ap¶n I­psIm­v tI{µkÀ¡mcpw kwØm\ Kh¬ saâpw Ht«sd ]²XnIÄ þ \nch[n tImSnIfpsS t£a]²XnIÄ X s¶ þ {]Jym]n¨p Ignªp Ignª GXm\pw amk§Ä¡Iw. (^pUv tImÀ¸tdj³ Unt¸mIfn InS¶v AgpIn \in¡p¶ `£y[m\y§Ä ]mh§Ä¡p hnXcWw sN¿W sa¶ kp{]owtImSXn \nÀtZiw bp ]n F kÀ¡mÀ tI«nsöp \Sn¨ Xpw Ncn{Xw!) ChnsS ImXemb tNmZy§Ä c s­®ap­v : H¶v C{Xbpw `oaamb XpI þ Hmtcm hÀjhpw Ht¶Im e£w tImSn cq] þ sNehnSm³ bp ]n F kÀ¡mcn\p Ignbptam? Xnc

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

13


DÄ¡mgvN sªSp¸p Ignªp hcp¶ kÀ¡m cn\v þ AXv bp ]n F kÀ¡mÀ X s¶bmhpsa¶Xn\v Hcpd¸panÃtÃm þ Ignbptam? km¼¯nI sRcp¡w sIm­pw {]XnhÀj hcpam\w hÀ [n¸n¡m\mhm¯XpsIm­pw Dd ¡w \jvSs¸«p IgnbpIbmWv \½p sS {][m\a{´n tUm a³taml³ kn§pw bp ]n F sNbÀt]gvk¬ tkmWnbmKmÔnbpw. AXn\nsS bmWv Hmtcm hÀjhpw Ht¶Im e£w tImSn cq] sNehp hcp¶ Cu ]pXnb ]²Xn. P\§fpsS ]«n WnbpsS ImTn\yw Ipdbv¡m³ Cu \o¡w þ CXv icn¡pw \S¸n h¶m þ Hcfhphsc klmbIam hpsa¶Xv \ntj[n¡p¶nÃ. AXn kt´mjhpap­v. ]t£, Cu AXn `oa³ XpI HmtcmhÀjhpw A[nIm cnIÄ F§s\ Is­¯pw? Cu tNmZyhpw Hcp `oa³ tNmZyw Xs¶. C\n, P\§fpsS 67 iXam\¯n \pw KpWw sN¿p¶ Cu ]cn]mSn \n an¯w C³Uybnse ]IpXnbne [nIw thm«Àamcpw I®paS¨v tIm ¬{KÊn\v bp ]n F bv¡v thm«p sN ¿ptam? CtÃ, CÃ. kÀ¡mcn \n¶p In«p¶ B\pIqey§Ä ssI ¸äns¡m­v At¸mÄ A[nImc¯n encn¡p¶ cmjv{Sob ]mÀ«n¡v, ]mÀ «nIÄ¡v, thm«p sN¿p¶hcà hy àamb cmjv{Sob NmbvhpIfpff `mcXobcn _lp`qcn]£hpw. ]e XncsªSp¸p ^e§fneqsS bpw ho­pw ho­pw sXfnªn«pff XmWv Cu A\ntj[ykXyw. Npcp ¡¯n ]mÀesaâns\ adnIS¶p sIm­v þ XnI¨pw P\m[n]Xyhncp ²ambn þ CÆn[w `oaamb XpI kÀ ¡mÀ sNehnSp¶Xn\v Fs´¦nepw \ymbapt­m, AXpw HcmÀUn\³ kvhgn? P\§Ä¡v aäp hn[¯n {]tbmP\w sN¿p¶ þ sXmgneh kc§Ä \ÂIp¶, DÂ]mZ\]c amb þ Fs´¦nepw IqSpX {] tbmP\w sN¿p¶ ]cn]mSnIÄ¡v D]tbmKs¸Spt¯­Xtà \nIpXn ZmbIÀ \ÂIp¶ ]Ww? tImSXnIÄ P\§fpsS c£bv¡v Pqsse 10 \pw 11 \pw c­v kp{][m\ tImSXnhn[nIÄ h¶ncn¡p¶p þ \½psS _lpI£n P\m[n]Xy ¯nsâ ]qÀhm[nIw BtcmKyIc amb \ne\nÂ]n\pw hfÀ¨bv¡pw klmbIamb tImSXn hn[nIÄ. Pqsse ]¯n\v kp{]owtImSXn {Inan\ Ipä§Ä¡p in£n¡s¸ «hcpsS Fw F F/ Fw ]n Øm\ §Ä \nbahncp²ambn {]Jym]n¨p. asämcphn[w ]dªmÂ, {Inan\ep

14

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

Isf¶v sXfnbn¡s¸«hÀ P\{]Xn \n[nthjw sI«cpsX¶ÀYw. \½p sS \nbak`Ifnepw ]mÀesaânsâ Ccpk`Ifnepw C¯cw hyànIÄ Zi¡W¡n\p­v. _emÂkwKw, sIme]mXIw, [\m]lcWw, h© \, acW¯n\p t{]cW \ÂI þ CXymZn {Inan\ Ipä§Ä sNbvX hcmWnhÀ. ChÀ¡v P\§Ä thm«p \ÂIp¶Xv an¡t¸mgpw hgnhn« {]tem`\§Ä¡v hnt[bcmtbm `b¶nt«m `ojWnIÄ¡v hg§n bnt«m Bhmw. C¯cw {Inan\ at\m`mhapffhÀ þ Iptd¡qSn \nÀ ZnjvSambn ]dªmÂ, {Inan\ Ncn{XapffhÀ þ \nba\nÀamW¯n \pw `cW¯n\pw apXnÀ¶m \ ½psS P\m[n]Xy kwhn[m\w FhnsSs¨¶msW¯pI? (ChnsS Cu {]iv\¯n\v asäm cphiapffXpIqSn Nq­n¡mWn¡ s«: P\§Ä¡pth­n, P\§Ä ]s¦Sp¡p¶ Nne {]t£m`W§Ä \bn¡p¶hÀs¡Xncmbn s]meokv {Inan\ tIkpIÄ NmÀPv sN¿m dp­v. AXv _Ôs¸« cmjv{Sob t\ Xm¡sf icn¡pw "{Inan\epI'fm ¡p¶nÃXs¶. C¯cw "{Inan\'se ¶p ap{ZIp¯s¸«hsc kp{]ow tIm SXnbpsS hn[nbpsS ]cn[nbn \n¶p kzX{´cm¡p¶ Imcyhpw _Ôs¸«hÀ BtemNnt¡­ Xp­v. {Inan\ F¶ ]Zw kphy àambn tImSXn Xs¶ hniZoIcn ¨m \¶v. AXpt]mse icn¡pw {Inan\emb HcmÄ¡v B Ncn{X ¯nsâ Ccp«n \n¶v c£s¸Sm³þ kzbwamdm³ þ Hchkchpw AXn ¶\pKpWamb Imehpw \ÂIp¶ Xpw \¶mbncn¡pw.) Pqsse 11 \v Aelm_mZv ssl

t¡mSXnbpsS eIv\u _©v D¯À {]tZin PmXn ASnØm\¯n epÅ "cmjv{SobPmYIÄ' \ntcm[n ¨XmWv asämcp Ncn{X{][m\ kw `hw. AhnsS ambm_l³PnbpsS _lpP³ kamPv ]mÀ«n(_n Fkv ]n) ASp¯Ime¯v ap¸Xntesd "{_mÒWdmenIÄ' kwLSn¸n¨ph t{X! PmXn ASnØm\¯nepÅ PmYIÄ kwLSn¸n¡p¶Xv \ntcm [n¨psIm­v hn[n {]kvXmhn¨ Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXn bp ]n bnse \mep {][m\cmjv{Sob]mÀ«n ItfmSpw þ _n sP ]n, tIm¬{Kkv, kamPvhmZn ]mÀ«n, _lpP³ kam Pv]mÀ«n F¶nhtcmSv þ {]XnIcWw Bcmªn«pap­v. am{XaÃ, bp ]n kwØm\kÀ¡mcnt\mSpw bqWn b³(tI{µ) Kh¬saânt\mSpw A `n{]mbw BcmbpIbpw sNbvXncn ¡p¶p tImSXn. PmXobambn (aX]cambpw F ¶pw ]dbWw) P\§sf kwLSn ¸n¡p¶ cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nIÄ "atX Xc _lpI£n P\m[n]Xy'sa¶ \½psS kmaqlnI{Ias¯ Ah Xmf¯nem¡pIbpw hnhn[ `mj IÄ kwkmcn¡pIbpw hnhn[aX §fn hnizkn¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ \½psS sshImcnIhpw tZiobhp amb DÂ{KY\s¯þ H¶mIens\þ A]IS¯nem¡pIbpw sN¿psa ¶pd¸v. GXp cmjv{Sob]mÀ«nbpw AXnsâ \b]cn]mSnIfpsS _e ¯n thWw thm«v tNmZn¡p¶Xpw _lpP\]n´pW t\Sm³ {ian¡p ¶Xpw. AÃmsX PmXn ]dªpw aXw ]dªpw {]mtZinIhnImc §Ä Cf¡nhn«paÃ. PmXnbpsSbpw aX¯nsâbpw ASnØm\¯n thm«p tNmZn¡p¶Xns\ Xncsª


DÄ¡mgvN Sp¸pI½nj³ \ntcm[n¨n«p­v . ]t£, Cu \ntcm[\¯n\v {]m_ eyapÅXv XncsªSp¸pIme¯pam {XamWv. Npcp¡¯n Pqsse 10\p­mb kp{]owtImSXn hn[nbpw AXn\ Sp¯ Znhkw þ Pqsse 11 \v D­mb Aelm_mZv sslt¡mSXnbpsS \ntcm[\hpw Ah AÀln¡p¶ {]m[m\yt¯mSpw am\knI`mh t¯mSpw \½psS kwØm\þ tI{µ Xe cm{ãob {]Xn`IÄ DÄs¡m Åptam? Xncph\´]pcwþUÂlnþ Xncph \´]pcw! hnam\kÀhokns\tbm s{Sbn³ Hm «s¯tbm Aà ChnsS kqNn¸n¡p ¶Xv. tIcf¯nse t\Xm¡³amÀ {]iv\]cnlmc¯n\mbn UÂln ¡p ]d¡p¶Xpw Xncn¨p ]d¡p¶ Xpw \nXykw`h§fmbncn¡p¶ XmWv ChnsS AÀYam¡p¶Xv. ap³ ]pw Cu ]wànbn kqNn¸n¨n«p ÅXmWv \½psS bp Un F^nse bpw F Un F^nsebpw þ Ipsd ¡qSn IrXyambn ]dªmÂ, tIm ¬{KÊnsebpw amÀIvknÌp]mÀ«n bnsebpw þ kwØm\t\Xr{]Xn` IfpsS [Àak¦S§sfbpw U ln¡pÅ Hm«§sfbpw (]d¡epI sfbpw)]än. kwØm\t\XrXz§ sf "shÅwIpSn¸n¡pI' F¶ km ´z\{]hÀ¯\amWv UÂlnbnse tIm¬{Kkv ssl¡am³Upw kn ]n Fw t]mfnäv_yqtdmbpw \nc´cw sNbvXphcp¶Xv! c­p]mÀ«nIfpsS bpw kwØm\t\XrXz§Ä H¶p ]dbpt¼mÄ c­nsâbpw tI{µt\ XrXz§Ä asäm¶p ]dbpw! Acnsb {X F¶p tNmZn¨m ]bdªmgn F¶ adp]Sn In«pt¼mse Xs¶! ""Rm³ apJya{´n Øm\w Hgn tb­ {IqcIrXysam¶pw sNbvXn

hn Fkv A¨pXm\µ³

«n''söv apJya{´n BZyw; ""Rm³ A[nImc¯n Xq§n¡nS¡nsÃ'' ¶p ]n¶oSv! tkmfmÀ X«n¸pIfpsS t]cn apJya{´n cmPnhs¨mgnb Wsa¶v F Un F^v. "_Z kw hn[m\w tXSWsa¶pw AXn\nsà ¶pw' amdnamdn¸dª kn ]n Fw t\ XrXzw! "sI Fw amWn apJya{´n bmhp'sa¶p am[ya§Ä. "Xm³ AXn\nsöv' amWnkmÀ. "ctaiv sN¶n¯e a{´nk`bnte¡v' F ¶p am[ya§Ä. "a{´nbmhm³ Xm\nsÃ'¶p ctaiv! "tIcf¯nse tIm¬{Kkv t\XrXzw amdnsÃ' ¶v F sI BâWnbpw. PpUojy A t\zjWw thWsa¶pw ths­¶pw amdn amdn ]dbp¶ t\Xm¡fpap­v. CÃ, CubnsS h¶ C¯cw {]kv Xmh\IÄ IqSpX D²cn¨v Øew Ifbp¶nÃ. Xosc \nÊmcamb `qcn]£ta bp Un F^v (D½³Nm­n) kÀ¡m cn\pÅq F¶ ØnXnbmWv Imcy §Ä AXohk¦oÀWhpw hjfpw B¡p¶Xv. "tkmfmÀX«n¸n'sâ B tLmjw "s]mSns]mSn¡pI' bmWv \½psS am[ya§fnÂ; hntijn¨pw hÀW¸In«mÀ¶ hnhn[ Nm\epI fnÂ. H¶p XoÀ¨: tkmfmÀX«n¸n \mbn _nPpcm[mIrjvW\pw kcnX Fkv \mbcpw (CSbvs¡m¶p ]d ªpsImÅs«, Zi¡W¡n\v {]ap Jsc Bbncambncw t^m¬Imfp IfneqsS h«wId¡nb kcnXbpsS Ignhv A]mcw Xs¶. AhÀ cmjv {Sob¯n t\cn«nSs]«ncps¶¦n Fs´ms¡ ChnsS kw`hnt¨s\!) apJya{´nbpsS Hm^okns\ þ Hm ^oknse H¶ne[nIw "hnizkvX' sc¶p apJya{´n Xs¶ IcpXnb DtZymKØscþ Gsd D]tbmKn¨p F¶v sXfnªpIgnªp. IqSpX IqSpX clky§Ä ]pd¯phcp IbmWv. ""klmbw tXSnsb¯nb Fsâ Bßmhns\bpw icocs¯ bpw AhÀ Zpcp]tbmKs¸Sp¯n'' F¶ kcnX Fkv \mbcpsS hmIy §Ä aªpaebpsS Hc{Kw am{Xam sW¶p tXm¶p¶p. CsXmsSm¸w, kmlNcy§sf IqSpX k¦oÀW am¡nbncn¡pIbmWv apJya{´n D½³Nm­nbpw B`y´ca{´n Xn cph©qÀ cm[mIrjvW\pw X½nep s­¶p ]dbs¸Sp¶ A`n{]mb`n ¶XIfpw tIm¬{KÊnse "F', "sF' {Kq¸pIÄ X½n \S¡p¶ D{K³ t]mcpw. CXm Ct¸mÄ ssl t¡mSXnbpsS c­p _©pIÄ apJya{´nsbbpw kÀ¡mcns\bpw hnaÀin¨ncn¡p¶p. {]hN\mXoX ambmWv Imcy§Ä \o§p¶Xv.

D½³Nm­n

]mhw, \mw, P\¯n\v FÃmw I­n cn¡mw! AsÃsX´p sN¿m³, AtÃ? CSXpap¶Wn þ kn ]n Fw þ D½³Nm­n apJya{´n Øm\w cm Pnhs¨mgnbp¶Xphsc kacw \S ¯m³ Xocpam\n¨ncn¡p¶p! Cu tkmfmÀX«n¸pIÄ XpS§nb Im e¯v k. hn Fkv A¨pXm\µsâ t\XrXz¯nepÅ F Un F^m bncp¶p A[nImc¯nÂ. AhÀ "tkmfmÀ'X«n¸ptIkn H¶pw sN bv X nsöXpw Ncn{Xw! X«n¸p ImÀ¡v AhÀ Iq«p\ns¶¶ Btcm ]Whpap­v. "tkmfmÀX«n¸n'sâ IYIÄ Ac§pXIÀ¡pt¼mÄ \mw Hcp {] [m\Imcyw ad¶pt]mIp¶ t]mse tXm¶p¶p. kqtcymÀPw (tkmfmÀ F\ÀPn) ]camh[n D]tbmKs¸Sp ¯pIbmWv CXccmPy§fpw aäp Nne kwØm\§fpw. BImi¯n se "]SpIqä³ P\tdädmb' kqcy `Khmsâ Ir] \mw C\nbpw th ­{X D]tbmKn¨p XpS§nbn«nÃ. amen\ysam¶pw krjvSn¡m¯, sN ehpIpdª, Hcn¡epw D]tbmKn ¨pXocm¯ DuÀP¯nsâ \nXy t{kmXÊmWv kqcy³. hr£eXmZn IfnÃm¯, acp`qanIÄ t]mepÅ Xpd¶ Øe§Ä KpPdm¯v, cmP Øm³, Xangv\mSv XpS§nb kw Øm\kÀ¡mcpIÄ Cu hgn¡v \o§n¯pS§nbn«pap­v þ \nc ´cw,XSÊsam¶panÃmsX, {]tbm P\s¸Spw kqtcymÀPw D]tbmK s¸Sp¯m\pÅ {ia¯nÂ. "tkm fmÀX«n¸n'sâ "saKmkocnbepIÄ' I­v A´whn«ncn¡p¶ \mw, hnti jn¨pw \½psS `cW¡mÀ (cmjv {Sob t\Xr{]Xn`IÄ) ImXemb Cu Imcywþ kqtcymÀPw {]tbmP\ s¸Sp¯pI F¶ Imcywþ ad¶t]m ep­v. IjvSw, IjvSw! (2013 Pqsse 24) BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

15


IY \fn\n {io[-c³

A

Xn`b¦c\mb Hcp kÀ ¸ambncp¶p X£I³. I{Zp F¶ kv{Xobn Iiy]ap\n ¡p­mb kÀ¸amWv. I{Zp k]Xv \nbmb hn\Xbpambp­mb Hcp hm Xpsh¸n AXmbXv Dss¨{ih sk¶ tZth{µsâ IpXncbpsS hm en bYmÀY¯n Hcp adpIps­ ¶v I{Zphpw Cà F¶v hn\Xbpw hm Zn¨p. IpXncbpsS hmen bYmÀY ¯n adpInÃmbncp¶p. c­pt]cpw hmXpsh¨p. hmen adpIps­¦n I{Zphnsâ ASnabmbn hn\X \n ¡Wsa¶v. Csöv XoÀ¨bpff hn\X k½Xn¨p. Bbncw \mK §Ä a¡fmbpff I{Zp Hcp \mK t¯mSp DssN{ihknsâ hmen adpImsW¶v tXm¶¯¡hn[w InS¡m³ ]dªp. X£I\pw hm kpInbpw aäpw CX\phZn¡m³ ]änà F¶pw, Ifhp ]dªp Pbn ¡p¶Xp sXämsW¶pw hmZn¨Xn sâ ^eambn I{Zp a¡sf kÀ¸k {X¯n shs´cnªp t]ms« F¶v i]n¨p. i]n¨psh¦nepw A½ sb klmbn¡m³ Bsc¦nepw t]m Im³ hmkpIn ]dªp. A§ns\ I{Zphpw hn\Xbpw adpIps­¦n ImWm³ ]äp¶ Øe¯ncp¶p t\m¡nbt¸mÄ ImWpIbpw hn\X tXmäv I{Zphn\v ASnabmIpIbpw sNbvXp. A§ns\bncns¡ ]co £n¯v cmPmhn\v X£I³ Ggp Znhk¯n\pffn Xm¦sf ISn¨v acWw kw`hn¡s« F¶ im]w Gäp Hcp ap\nbn \n¶v. hfsc Nn´m[o\\pw hyk\w A\p`hn ¡m\pw cmPmhn¶nSbmbn. X£I³ hcmXncn¡m³ BÀ ¡pw Ibdn¡qSm³ ]äm¯Xc ¯n kpc£nXamb Hcp amfnIbp ­m¡n. cmPmhp ]e Xc¯nepff c£m{]hÀ¯\hpw sN¿n¨p B hkXnbn Xmakn¨p. am{Xaà hnjlmcnItfbpw Huj[§Ä D­m¡m³ ]änbhtcbpw IqsS Xs¶ \nÀ¯n. \mep]mSpw B\I tfbpw Imh \nÀ¯n. Cuizc{]mÀ Y\bn ]cnkc§Ä ebn¸n¨p sIm­ncp¶p. hmbphn\pt]mepw Ibdm³ ]äm¯{Xbpw `{Zambn cp¶p cmPmhnsâ amfnI. At±lw ]pd¯nd§msX th­p¶ \nXyhr ¯nIsfÃmw amfnI¡pffn Xs¶ sN¿phm³ th­ GÀ¸mSm¡n,

16

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

X£I³

Pohn¨p. ]qPbpw aäpw apS§msX amfnIbn ]qPmapdnbn sNbvXp sIm­ncp¶p. B Ime¯v henb hnjlm cnbmbncp¶Xv Iiy] alÀjnbm bncp¶p. At±lw ]co£n¯v alm cmPmhns\acW¯n \n¶v c£n ¡m³ k¶²\mbn almcmPmhnsâ ASp¡te¡v bm{Xbmbn. X£

I\pw Cu kab¯v a\pjycq]n bmbn im]taä almcmPmhnsâ hkXnbpsS ]cnkc¯v D­mbn cp¶p. Imiy]s\I­v X£I\v kwibambn. Imiy]alÀjn alm cmPmhnsâ tZl¯v X£I³ sIm¯n hnjw tIänbm AXp amän At±l¯ns\c£n¡m³ CS bmIpw F¶v. Hcp hbʳ {_mÒ


IY W\mbn amdn X£I³ Imiy]sâ bmt{Xmt±iw kq{X¯n a\Ên em¡n. Imiy]³, X£I³ {_mÒ Wthj¯nembXpsIm­pw bm{X FhntS¡mWv F¶v X£Isâ tNmZy¯n\pw D¯cambn ]dªp. "]co£n¯v almcmPmhns\ X£Isâ B{IaW¯n \n¶v c£n¡m³ t]mIbmWv . F{X henb hnjw At±l¯nsâ tZl ¯n F¯nbmepw Rm\Xv Cd¡n At±l¯ns\c£n¡pw.'' X£I³ ]dªp. ""AXp Hcn¡epw \S¡m³ t]mIp¶nÃ''. F¶v am{Xaà hr² {_mÒWsâ thjw Ifªv X£ I³ kz´w cq]ambn ]dªp. ""CXm Xm¦Ä t\m¡nt¡mfq. Rm³ Fsâ iucyw Im«n¯cmw. XSp ¡m³ ]äptam F¶v t\m¡ns¡m ÄI''. Imiy]\pw ""icn'' F¶p ]dªp. X£I³ Hcp henb hr£ ¯nsâ apIfn Ibdn B ac¯n \n«p \à Hcp sIm¯psImSp¯p. X£Isâ sIm¯psIm­v s]s« ¶p Xs¶ B almhr£w I¯nsh ®odmbn. DSs\Imiy]³ Ipd¨p shffsaSp¯p a{´w sNmÃn I¯n sh®odmb B acw \n¶ Øe¯v Xfn¨p. DSs\acw ]gbXpt]mse hShr£ambnXoÀ¶p. Imiy]³ Xs¶bmWv Xs¶ ¡mÄ t{ijvTs\¶p IcpXn X£ I³ Imiy]s\ Hcp]mSp k½m\ §Ä sImSp¯p kt´mjn¸n¨p ]dªp. ""{]t`m {_mÒWim] amWv ]co£n¯n\v In«nbXv. B im]w ^en¡msX t]mIcpXv .

A§v Xncn¨pt]mIWw. im]w ^en ¡m³ ]änbnsæn Ft¶bpw sh dptX hnSnà {_mÒW³. F\n¡pw In«pw im]w. A§bv¡v F´pthW sa¦nepw X¶psImffmw'' X£I³ ]dªX\pkcn¡p¶XmWv. At± lw Xcp¶ k½m\w hm§nbm F\n¡v henb [\hm\mImw F¶p IcpXn Imiy]³ Xncn¨pt]mbn. Znhk§Ä s]mgnªp sIm­n cp¶p. ]co£n¯v almcmPmhns\ sImÃm³ X¡w ]mÀ¯v X£I³ \S¶p. almcmPmhnsâ sI«nS ¯n Hcp Ddp¼n\pt]mepw IS ¡m³ ]änÃXs¶. Iptd \mK§sf {_mÒWcpsS cq]am¡n cmPmhn\v ImgvN{Zhy§fpw Hcp]mSp ]ghÀK §fpambn sIm«mc¯nte¡b¨p X£I³. AhÀ ImgvNhkvXp¡ fmbn sIm­pt]mIp¶ ]ghÀK§ fn Hcp ]g¯n hfsc sNdnb Hcp ]pgphmbn X£I³ Hfn¨ncn¸p ­mbncp¶p. {_mÒWscbmsW¦nepw cmP k¶n[nbnte¡v Ibdm³ Zzmc]me ·mÀ k½Xn¨nÃ. X§Ä B{ia§ fn \n¶v ap\namÀ X¶b¨ km[ \§fpambmWv h¶sX¶p ]dª t¸mÄ Zzmc]me·mÀ {_mÒWsc AI¯v hn«p. AhÀ cmPmhnsâ k ¶n[nbn t]mbn Xt]mh\¯n \n¶p h¶ {_mÒWcmWv ImWm³ h¶sX¶dnbn¨ tijamWv cm Pmhv k½Xw sImSp¯Xv. AhÀ sIm­ph¶ ^ehÀK§Ä kzoI cn¨p cmPk¶n[nbn At¸mÄ Xs¶ F¯n¡Wsa¶pw cmPmhv

]dsbSp¸v

]dªX\pkcn¨v Zzmc]meI·mÀ ^ehÀK§Ä cmPk¶n[nbn sIm­ph¨p. cmPmhn\p kt´mj ambn. kz´w ssIsIm­pXs¶ Hcp henb ]gw X\ns¡Sp¯p _m¡n ]g§Ä a{´namÀ¡pw ]cn hmc§Ä¡pw sImSp¯p. {_mÒ W³ sImSp¯ im]¯nsâ kabw Ignbmdmbn. AkvXan¡m³ hfsc Ipdt¨ kabapffq. cmPmhn\pw a{´namÀ¡pw aäpffhÀ¡pw kt´m jambn. cmPmhv ]gw Iodn IjvW am¡n Xn¶m\mcw`n¨p. ]gw apdn¨ t¸mÄ AXn hfsc sNdnb Hcp ]pgp InS¶Xv cmPmhp I­p. A t±lw kplr¯p¡tfmSp ]dªp. ""CXm F\nt¡ä im]¯nsâ ka bw Ignbmdmbn. \n§fpsS kvt\l tadnb ip{iqjsIm­v F\ns¡m ¶pw ]änbnÃ. F¶m {_mÒW im]w ^en¡mXncp¶p F¶ sXäp th­. X£I³ F¶ kÀ¸¯nsâ ISn¡p ]Icw Cu ]pgphns\ Fsâ Igp¯n H¶p sh¨p ap\nim] ¯n\p ]cnlmcam¡n F¶p ]d ªp. B sIm¨p ]pgphns\ssIbn seSp¯p kz´w Igp¯n sh¨p cmPmhv. s]s«¶p Xs¶ AXn`b¦ c\mb kÀ¸ambn B ]pgp amdn. X£I\mbn almcmPmhnsâ tZl ¯n ISn¨p cmPmhns\ sIm¶p. AhnSp¶p X£I³ IS¶pt]mbn. almcmPmhv C{XsbÃmw Hcp¡ §Ä sNbvXn«pw kqcy³ AkvXan ¡p¶Xn\p aps¼ ]co£n¯p alm cmPmhn\p Poh³ \jvSs¸«p.

IhnX hn BÀ ]n

]dsbSp¯oSphms\mêkÔyí§ps¶³þ sNdpa¬ æSnensâ ap¶nse¯n. ]d \ndíms\¶sÃmê\mgns\ t]mepw ]camÀYw sNm¶mse³ æSnenept­m! ]caZbmÀ{Z\§m\Sí¯m³ \dp]p©ncns]bvXp\n¡bmbn. Xnêamen¯w ]mcw anì¶ \n³ angn "Xê \o hÃXpw'Fì sNmÂIbmbn. HSphn Rm³ Iqhf¯ne\nd¨psÅmsc³þ sNdp\mgn ImWn¡ h¨p \nt¶³. ]cntXmjtaäw ]cçw apJt¯msS ]cam\kÚ³ \o bm{Xbmbn.

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

17


Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw kz´w teJI³

"ae_mÀ teUn 'bpsS ihIpSocs¯ ad¨p]nSn¨psIm­v h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ hnhcmhImitcJ (Infn¸m«nsâ Ncn{Xmt\zjWw XpSÀ¨)

{iocwK]«Ws¯ ae_mÀ teUnbpsS ihIpSochpw AXn\p ap¶n ]WnXncn¡p¶ CZmlpw

1

972 t\mSSp¯v Hcp {]apJ Cw¥o jvZn\]{X¯n Sn¸p kp¯m sâ ]c¼cIÄ A\p`hn¡p¶bm X\Isf¸än dnt¸mÀ«p h¶p. t_mw s_bnse sXcphpIfn dn£m h­n hen¨pw Iqen¸Wn sNbvXpw \nXyhr¯n Ign¨pIq«m³ s]Sm¸m Sps]Sp¶ kp¯msâ ]c¼cIfp sS Zb\obIYIÄ ssakqÀ thmU bmÀ cmPmhnsâ Icfenbn¨p. cm Pmhv Xsâ DtZymKØ·msc \n tbmKn¨v Cu ]c¼cIsf Is­ ¯n Ahsc ssakqdnte¡v sIm­p hcpIbpw amWvUybn `qan \ÂIp Ibpw PohnXmhiy§Ä¡pff ]Ww A\phZn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]n¡me¯v Cu klmb§sfm s¡ sNbvXXv h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ {]hÀ¯\^eambmsW¶ {]Nmc Ww iàambn.

18

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

"ae_mÀ teUn'bpsS (D®nbm À¨) ihIpSocw AÚmXsâ ihIpSocam¡n amäm³ {iaw 1832 apX 1973 hsc 140 hÀj¯ne [nIambn ae_mÀ teUn A´yhn {iaw sImffp¶ Øes¯ tIcf ¯nsebpw ssakqdnsebpw Ncn{X IpXpInIÄ _lpam\n¨v BZcn¨n cp¶p. 1974 ihIpSoc¯n Øm]n ¨ncp¶ ^eIw XIÀ¡s¸«p. XIÀ ¡s¸« hnhcw A[nIamcpw Adn ªncp¶nÃ. AXn\ptijw D­mb Zpc´§fpsS ImcWat\zjn¨p sN¶hÀ¡mWv CXp kw_Ôn¨ hnhc§Ä Is­¯m³ km[n¨Xv. ssakqdnep­mb FÃm A\ÀY§ fpsSbpw ImcWw Cu ihIpSoc t¯mSp ImWn¨ \nµbmbn IW ¡m¡s¸«p. AXn{Ia¯n\p¯c hmZnIfmb apÉow auenIhmZnIÄ

Ku­À hn`mKamWv CXp XIÀ¯ sX¶v Øm]n¡m³{iaw \S¯n s¡mt­bncp¶p. tI{µ¯n hn ]n knMv a{´n k`bn thymabm\kla{´nbm bncp¶ aebmfnbmb kn Fw C{_m lnansâ kzm[o\¯m "bqk^v' F¶ 35 Imc³ IÀWmSI h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ Aac¡mc\mbn. Cu ImeL«¯nemWv "ae_mÀ teUn' bpsS ihIpSoc¯n\p Npäpw Nne \nÀamW {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¯m³ {ian¨Xv. Cu IpSocw AÚmX \mb Hcp \hm_ntâXmsW¶v {]Ncn¸n¡m\pff At±l¯nsâ {iaw hnPbn¨nsöp am{Xaà H s¶m¶mbn Xncn¨SnIÄ e`n¡m\pw XpS§n. XpSÀ¶v At±l¯n\v imcocnImkzmØy§fpw acW s¯¡pdn¨pff `b¸mSpIfpw D­m


Ncn-{Xmt\zjWw bXmbn ASp¯ _Ôp¡Ä km £ys¸Sp¯p¶p. A[nIw Xmakn bmsX bqk^v acWs¸SpIbpw sNbvXp. bqk^nsâ acWtijw Cu `qanbn Hê \nÀamW{]hÀ ¯\hpw \S¯m³ Bcpw ss[cy s¸«nÃ. C¶pw B ØnXn XpScp¶p. ihIpSocw \nesImffp¶ ]d¼n hfÀ¶p \n¡p¶ ]p¡q«¯n\n Sbn bqk^v Dt]£n¨ \nÀamW {]hÀ¯\§fpsS AhinjvS§Ä Ct¸mgpw NnXdn¡nS¸p­v. bqk^nsâ Øm\¯v Ct¸mÄ IcnapZo³ Sn¸pkp¯msâbpw ae_mÀte UnbpsSbpw PohnX ImeL« ¯nse \nÀWmbI tcJIÄ ssa kqÀ BÀ¡ntbmfPn Un¸mÀ«p saân kpc£nXamtWm F¶ Imcy¯n kwibw. Infn¸m«v {]hÀ¯IÀ \S¯nb At\zjW ¯nsâ ^eambn ssakqdnse {]i kvX Ncn{XImc\mb tUm \© cmP Aciv BÀ¡ntbmfPn sU ]yq«n UbdIvSÀIqSnbmb IcnapZo \psam¶n¨v ihIpSocw ØnXn sN ¿p¶ Øew kµÀin¡pIbpw CXp kw_Ôn¨ tcJIÄ ]cntim[n ¡m³ X¿mdmhpIbpw sNbvXp. F¶m B XmÂ]cyw DSs\ Akv Xan¨p. XpSÀ¶t§m«v hµyhtbm [nI\mb tUm \©cmPbv¡v kp lr¯mb IcnapZosâ klmbw e`n¨nsömWv Adnbm³ Ign ªXv. Ncn{Xs¯ adbv¡m\pw sX fnhpIÄ \in¸n¡m\papff ISp¯ {ia§Ä Bscms¡tbm \S¯p¶p F¶ kqN\IfmWv Ct¸mgpw e`n ¨psIm­ncn¡p¶Xv. bqk^pamcpw IcnapZo³amcpw C\nbpw D­m tb¡mw. ]t£, Ncn{X¯nsâ Ah tijn¸pIÄ F{X \qäm­p Ign ªmepw sXfnhmbn \n¡pI Xs¶ sN¿pw. kXyw ad¨p]nSn¡p¶ hnhcmh ImitcJIÄ; CZmlv (Idgah) ]WnXXv Sn¸p kp¯msâ Ime ¯Ã. ssakqdn \n¶p e`n¨ TSWDC/ 14/13-14, Dated: 22-06-2013 hnhcm hImi tcJIfn "ae_mÀteUn' bpsS ihIpSocw BcptSXmsW¶v AdnbnsömWv tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«p ffXv. AXn\pap¶nembn ]WnXp bÀ¯nbn«pff "CZml' Sn¸p kp ¯msâ `cWIme¯v \nÀan¨Xm sW¶pw tcJIÄ kqNn¸n¡p¶p. No 411 kÀth \¼dnepff Cu `qan

ssakqdn \n¶p e`n¨ hnhcmhImi tcJ

h¡^v t_mÀUnsâ A[o\Xbn emsW¶p hyàw. X§fpsS ssI hiapff `qan \jvSs¸SmXncn¡m³ th­n h¡^v t_mÀUv \S¯p¶ {ia§Ä ]mgvthebmImt\ CSbp ffq. bqk^nsâ Imew apX \S ¯p¶ {ia§Ä Ct¸mgpw IcIm WmsX t]mhpIbmWv. ae_mÀte UnbpsS ihIpSocw kwc£n¡s¸ SWsa¶v ssakqdn \n¶pXs¶ Bhiyw DbcpIbpw tIcf¯nse kmwkvImcnI {]hÀ¯IÀ cwK¯p hcnIbpw sNbvXmte CXp kw_ Ôn¨ kvamcI ku[w AhnsS ]Sp¯pbÀ¯m³ IgnbpIbpffq. 1940 hsc ssakqdn `cW¯n encp¶ IrjvWcmPm \memasâ Im e¯mbncn¡mw BÀ¨m ihIpSoc ¯n\p ap¶n CZmlv ]WnXXv. IrjvWcmPbpsS Iogn ]Xn\©p hÀjt¯mfw Znhm\mbncp¶ anÀk

Ckvabnensâ Ime¯mbncn¡mw CXp \nÀan¨Xv. B aXnÂs¡«nsâ ]g¡hpw AXpXs¶bmWv kqNn ¸n¡p¶Xv. IrjvWcmPm \mema\pambn Km Vamb kplrZv_Ôapff hyàn bmbncp¶p anÀk CkvabnÂ. A t±l¯nsâ `cWIme¯mbncn ¡mw Cu `q{]tZiw h¡^v t_mÀ Unsâ A[o\XbnembXv. AhnsS CZmlv ]Wnbm\pw Bcm[\\S ¯m\pw AhImiw h¡^v t_m ÀUv t\SnbXv A§s\bmImw. Sn¸p kp¯msâ Imet¯m CuÌn³ Uym I¼\nbpsS kzm[o\ ImeL «§fntem C§s\sbmcp \nÀamW {]hÀ¯\w \S¶ncn¡m³ bmsXm cpkm[yXbpansöv Øew kµÀ in¡p¶ BÀ¡pw t_m[yamIpw. sI«nS¯nsâ Ime¸g¡w \ÂIp¶ kqN\ AXmWv. (XpScpw...)

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

19


Iem-temIw IemteJI³

XeØm\s¯ kwKoXkÔyIÄ

Zr

iythZnbpsS ]Xns\«maXp tIcfcwKItemÂkh¯n sâ XpS¡w XoÀY]mZaÞ ]¯n AhXcn¸n¨ lrZyamb Hê IYIfn¸Z¡t¨cntbmsSbmbnê ì: Iem\nebw cmPohëw Iema Þew hnizmkpw hmbv¸m«v; amÀKn thétKm]m (sN­), amÀKn cXv \mIc³ (a±fw), IemaÞew {io Im´v hÀa (CSí)F¶nhêsS AI ¼Sn. Ir½och[¯nse I­meXn tamZw (Imwt_mPn) Bbnêì ap JyIrXn. AXnsâ AhXcWtÇmI ¯nse aq¶mw ]mZ¯nepÅ ZpÀKm htemI\kapXvkpIbm F¶ `mK s¯ AImcmem]\NmêX khnti jw {it²bambn. am[hapclc (Ir ½och[w: æ´fhcmfn), I­nhmÀ Ipgen (IoNIh[w: ss`chn) ]pjv IchntemN\ (ætNehr¯w: kp ê«n) F¶o {]kn²]Z§Äç ]pd ta N{µNqU \tamkvXptX (Z£ bmKw: Bc`n),kmcthZnbmb \nsâ (D¯cmkzbwhcw: IeymWn), _m eI·mtc \n§Ä ({]ËmZNcnXw: ip²[\ymkn ), IêWmw hnt[ln abn (D¯cmkz: bap\mIeymWn), kpZXn amaI\mbntI (ætNehr ¯w: taml\w)F¶o XmcXtay\ It¨cnIfn km[mcWaÃm¯ C\§fpw cmPoh³ AhXcn¸n¨Xv

Iem\nebw cmPohëw IemaÞew hnizmkpw AhXcn¸n¨ IYIfn¸Z¡t¨cn

BkzmZIêsS A`n\µ\w t\Sn. Ifnbc§¯v an¡t¸mgpw in¦nSn bmbn a§nabt§­nhê¶ cmPo hs\hnf¡n¶cnIn {]XnjvTn¨ kwLmSIêsS HuNnXyt_m[w H¶mw Xcw Hê ]qs¨­Àlnçì. It¨cnçap³]p \S¶ DÂk thmÂLmS\¯n ]Zva`qj¬ Im hmew \mcmbW¸Wn¡À (DÂLm SI³), {]^ kn Pn cmPtKm]m (A[y£³), Fkv {io\nhmk³ (BapJ{]`mjI³), tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³ \mbÀ (apJy{]`m

B{ÔbpsS "hm\¼mSn'bmb ]´pf ca AhXcn¸n¨ kwKoX¡t¨cn

20

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

jI³) F¶nhÀ tIcfcwKItem khw F¶ k¦Â]¯nsâ A\\z bX sXm«pImWn¨p. tUm hn BÀ {]t_m[N{µ³ \mbÀ hntZihn ZymÀYnIÄç tIcfkwkvImcw ] cnNbs¸Sp¯ns¡mSpç¶Xnt\m Së_Ôn¨v ]Xns\«p sImÃw ap³ ]p cq]w \ÂInb Cu ]cn]mSn tIc f¯\nabpsS hnhn[apJ§Ä ASp ¯dnbm³ {]tbmP\s¸«psIm­n cnçì. _rlXv kwKotXmÂkhw _rlXv kwKoXtI{µ¯nsâ \mep \mfs¯ hmÀjnIkwKotXm khw ]XnhpÅ D¶X\nehmcw ]p eÀ¯n. B{ÔbpsS "hm\¼mSn' bmb ]´pf ca, bphIem`mcXn `cXv kpµÀ, kwKoX]camNmcy tIcfhmWn ]mdÈme _n s]m¶ ½mÄ, tIcfkwKoXmNmcy tUm _n ]pjv]m IrjvW³ F¶nhêsS apgp\of¡t¨cnIÄç apt¶mSnbm bn _rlXv kwKoXtI{µ¯nse hn hn[hnZymÀYnkwL§Ä AhXcn ¸n¨ XncsªSp¯ C\§fpw D­mbnêì. ]´pf ca h{IcmK§fn Nn«s¸Sp¯nb hn hn[hmt¤bImc·mêsS cN\IÄ ca AhXcn¸n¨p. XymKcmPkzm


Iem-temIw anIÄ cNn¨ KncnPmkpX\b (ip² _wKf þ Jclc{]nb), kapJm\ (tImInehcmfn þ \Tss`chn), \m SmSn\ (P\cRvPn\n þ [oci¦cm `cWw), cmacmakoXm (lptk\nþ Jclc{]nb)F¶o IrXnIÄçw ]cn]meb amw ({io kzmXnXnê \mÄ: coXnKuf þ Jclc{]nb), ]c a]mh\(cma\mSv {io\nhmk A¿ ¦mÀ : ]qÀhnIeymWn þ Ka\{ia), tKmhÀ[\Kncn[mcn ({io \mcmb WXoÀYÀ : ZÀ_mcn I¶Uþ Jc lc{]nb)F¶nhípw ]pdta _nµp amen\nbn (N{IhmIw) \fn\ Im´n, _nlmKv, IZ\æXqlew F¶ocmK§fn Nn«s¸Sp¯nb cmKaenImkzc§fnW§nb cmKw þ Xm\w þ ]Ãhn cq]¯n Km\ teme IêWmehme F¶ apJy IrXn, tXmw X[owX Xncn XnÃm\ C§s\ ATmWbnepÅ ([oci ¦cm`cWw)XnÃm\bpamWv . ]h am\ (a[yamhXn þ Jclc{]nb) F¶ awKf¯në ap³]v ca AhX cn¸n¨Xv. It¨cn kÀhmwKkpµc ambn. `cXv kpµÀ XymKcmPkzmanIfpsS \o ZbdmZ (hk´ss`chn), A]cma`àn (] ´phcmfn), FhcnssI AhXmcta (tZhat\mlcn),sImephbp¶mth (ss`chn), ssakqÀ hmkptZhmNmÀ cNn¨ t{_mtNhmschêcm (Iam kv), cmakzmaninhsâ \otIeZb dmZpdm (kckmwKn), ]m]\miw in hsâ cN\bmb cmas\`Pn¯m (lnµpkvXm\n cmKamb amÞv), Aw_pPw IrjvWbpsS IrXnbmb Achnµ]ZaeÀ t\mhptam (Im¸n), I¼cmambW¯nse A®ëw t\m ¡n\m Ahfpw t\m¡n\m (l aoÀ IeymWn)F¶o IrXnIfmWv `cXv kpµÀ AhXcn¸n¨Xv.

]mdÈme s]m¶½mÄ It¨cnAhXcn¸nçì

]mdÈme s]m¶½mÄ ]mdÈme s]m¶½mfnsâ AëKr loXIWvT¯nÂ\nì \nÊcn¨Xv BZy´w a[pcat\mÚamb tIc fkwKoXamWv : Aw_m Kucn (êÜnWo`mbn X¼pcm«n: Bc`n hÀ Ww), `Pmatl {iohn\mbIw (Xpf koh\w: lwk[z\n), Ccbn½³ X¼nbpsS cN\Ifmb ]mln \nJn eP\\n (\m«), ]ctZhtX (tXmSn; apJyIrXn)F¶nh, {io]tX {io\m cmbW (Iocn¡m«p tKm]me]nÅ : apJmcn), {io]h\]p tciw (æ«nç ªpX¦¨n : kpê«n), PbP\mÀZ\ (æ«a¯v : sN©pê«n), sI kn tIi h]nÅbpsS "{io_me IrjvW'bpw (]qÀhnIeymWn) "htµamXc'hpw (knÔpss`chn), kzm XnXnê\mÄ cN\bmb "Im´t\mSp sNìsa sÃ' (\oemw_cn)F¶o IrXnIfn eqsS B kwKoXku`Kw ]cs¶m gpIn. tUm _n ]pjv]mIrjvW³ tUm _n ]pjv]mIrjvW³ It¨cn Bcw`n¨Xv tUm hn BÀ {]t_m [N{µ³ \mbÀ cNn¨ "{]mNo\m

tUm _n ]pjv]mIrjvW³ It¨cnAhXcn¸nçì

]W hnlnX \ntIXw' F¶ ]gh §mSn KW]XnkvXpXntbmsSbm Wv (\m«). XpSÀ¶v ap¯pkzmanZo £nXÀ ("{iokXy\mcmbW': ip` ]´phcmfn; "`Ptc tc Nn¯' : I eymWn; apJyIrXn), kzmXnXn ê\mÄ ("]ca]pêj' : hk´), Xà ¸m¡w A¶amNmcy ("aµc[c' : _n elcn), XymKcmPkzmanIÄ ("hc cmKeb':sN©pImwt_mPn),êÜn Wo`mbn X¼pcm«n ("{ioIWvtTizc ]mln' : apJmcn), awKfw KW]Xn ("hcml AhXmc' : ss`chn) F¶n hêsS {]kn²cN\IÄ {]KÂ` ambn AhXcn¸n¨Xnë tijw kz ´w IrXnbmb aqImw_ntI tZhn (a[yamhXn) F¶ awKft¯msS tUm ]pjv]m IrjvW³ It¨cn kam]n¸n¨p. kÀhkzkaÀ¸WmßIamb Bem]\¯nsâbpw `mhmhnjvIc W\njvTbpsSbpw ]¡t¯mSv \nc ´cw ]peÀ¯nb CW¡¯nsâ bpw sshinãyw It¨cnsb thdn« HcmkzmZ\më`ham¡n. At{Kkc·mêsS AI¼Sn \mepZnhks¯bpw ]¡tafw ssI Imcyw sNbvXXv AXXpcwKs¯ At{Kkc·mcmbnêì: hben\n Fw Fkv F³ aqÀ¯n, Xnêh\´ ]pcw F³ k¼¯v (c­pw \mepw Znhk§fnÂ), BäpIm _mekp {_ÒWyw; arZwK¯n \m©n G BÀ AêÄ, tUm Pn _m_p (K ©ndbn DSp¸n {ioIm´nt\msSm ¸w), tNÀ¯e BÀ PbtZShv, N§ \mticn BÀ Pb³; LS¯n Xnê h\´]pcw hn ImÀ¯ntIb³, a §mSv {]tamZv, Bän§Â Fw BÀ a[p. ChÀ BÂamÀYXtbmsS \ÂInb AI¼Sn hmbv¸m«nsâ Kmw`ocyþemhWy§Ä¡v kµÀ`m ëkcWw BËmZIcamb angnthIn.

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imkv{X-Iu-XpIw tUm kn Pn cma-N-{µ³ \mbÀ

-Bbncw hm«v tijnbpÅ

C³Uy³ akvXnjvI§Ä

""km

£m kÀ kn hn cmasâ HSphne s¯ KthjW hnZymÀYnIfnsem cmfmbncp¶p biÈcoc\mb s{]m^ ]n BÀ ]njmcSn. tUm cma\pambn ZoÀLImew ASp¯p]cnNbs¸«n cp¶ ]njmcSnÊmÀ cmas\¸än ]e kw`hIYIfpw kckambn ]dbm dp­v. AXohlrZy§fmb Cu "cmaIYIsf'¸än ]n¶osSmcn¡Â \ap¡p NÀ¨sN¿mw. Ct¸mÄ Ah bn Hcp "cmaIY' am{Xw ]dbs«: cmasâ Hcp KthjWhnZym ÀYn Xsâ ]co£W§Ä¡mbn 100 hm«p (Watt) am{Xw tijnbpÅ ssh ZypXn _Ä_mWv In«nbXv F¶pw, hntZi em_d«dnIfn 500 hm«v tijnbpÅ _Ä_pIfmWv AhÀ D]tbmKn¡p¶sX¶pw hne]n¡p Ibmbncp¶p. bmZrÑnIambn B hgn h¶ kn hn cma³ AbmtfmSv C§s\]dªpht{X: ""\nsâ Xe t¨mdn\v Bbncw hm«v F¦nepw i ànbp­v;\o AXv D]tbmKn¡q!'' ""The Indian brain is equal to any western brain ''(C³Uy³ akv X n jvIw GsXmcp ]mÝmXyakvXnjv I¯n\pw XpeyamWv) F¶v cma³ Xsâ hnZymÀYnIsfbpw kl{]hÀ ¯Iscbpw Ft¸mgpw HmÀan¸n¨n cp¶p.

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{]mNo\`mcXobcpsS imkv{Xkw `mh\IÄ C³Uy³ akvXnjvI¯nsâ DPze kw`mh\IÄ Adnbm³ {]mNo\`m cX¯nsâ imkv{Xt\«§Ä t\m ¡nbm aXn. \ap¡v Bcy`S³ (AD 476-550) apX XpS§mw: `qanbmWv kqcysâ Npäpw{`aWw sN¿p¶Xv F¶v BZyw Øm]n¨Xv Bcy`S \mWv. At±lw F Un 499  FgpXnb Bcy`Sobw F¶ alm{K Ù¯n C¡mcyw Ak¶nKv[ ambn {]kvXmhn¨n«p­v. AXn\p tijw Bbncw hÀjw IgnªmWv ]mÝmXy ]WvUnX\mb tIm¸À \n¡kv (AD 1473-1543) CtX Imcyw "I­p]nSn¨Xv ' Ft¶mÀ ¡pI! "]qPyw'F¶ k¦Â]w, Zimwi k{¼Zmbw, {XntImWanXn, A\´ t{iWnIÄ apXembhsbÃmw ]pcm X\`mcXobcpsS KWnX kw`mh\ IfmWv. ckX{´w C\n ckX{´¯nsâ ImcysaSp ¡mw: \mKmÀPp\sâ ckcXv\mIcw F¶ IrXn FgpXnbXv GItZiw F Un 200 \Sp¯t{X. C³Uy³ ckX{´¯nse BZys¯ B[n ImcnI{KÙ§fnsem¶mWXv. A

Xn\pw F{Xtbm ap¼t¯XmWv Nc Isâbpw kp{ipXsâbpw sshZy imkv{XkwlnXIÄ (Dt±iw _n kn 3þmw iXIw)! temlimkv{Xw {]mNo\`mcX¯nse temlimkv {Xss\]pWy¯nsâ Hcp sXfnhv C¶pw \½psS ap¶n XebpbÀ ¯n \n¡p¶p. ZnÃnbnse Abkv Xw`w (Iron Pillar) BWXv.7.21 aoäÀ (23 ASn 8 C©v) s]m¡hpw ASn`m K¯v 42 skâoaoäÀ hymkhpw apI fn 30 skâoaoäÀ hymkhpapÅ Cu Xq¬ F Un 400 \Sp¯mWv \nÀ an¡s¸«sX¶p IcpXp¶p. C¶pw teiw t]mepw Xpcps¼Sp¡msX \nesImÅp¶ Cu AbkvXw`w {]mNo\`mcXobtemlimkv{X¯n sâ bikvXw`wXs¶! kwKa{Kmaam[h³! a[yIme`mcX¯nsâ imkv { X sshZKv[y¯n\v Hscmä DZmlcWw aXnbmIpwþ kÀ sFkIv\yq«sW ¡mÄ 200 hÀjw ap¼pXs¶ Im ¡pekv (Calculus) F¶ KWnXim Jbv¡p P·w \ÂInb "kwKa{Kma am[h³!' (GItZiw F Un 1340þ 1425); tIcf¯n Ccnªme¡p Sbv¡p kao]w Pohn¨ncp¶ Hcp tI


imkv{X-Iu-XpIw cfob KWnXimkv { XÚ\mWv am[h³. C³Uy³ akvXnjvIw Cs¶hnsS \n¡p¶p? Øe]cnanXnaqew Nne hkvXpX IÄ am{Xw kqNn¸n¡s« 1. imkv{X kmt¦XnI hnZKv[cpsS F®w t\m¡nbm aq¶mw Øm\w C³Uybv¡mWv. 2. Huj[hyhkmb¯n temI ¯n \memw Øm\¯p\n¡p ¶Xv C³UybmWv. 3.Atacn¡bnse {]ikvX iq\ym Imi kwLS\bmb NASAbnse F©n\obÀamcn 30 iXam\w C³ Uym¡mcmWv.

4.Atacn¡bpsS CeIvt{SmWnI hyhkmb tI{µamb "knen¡¬ hmen' bnse (Silicon Valley) kwcw` Icn 15 iXam\hpw C³Uym¡m tcm C³Uy³ hwiPtcm BWv. BsI AhnsSbpÅ F©n\obÀ amcn 60 iXam\hpw C³Uy³ AYhm C³Uy³ þ Atacn¡³ BWt{X. 5. C¡gnª Xeapdbnse {]ikvX imkv{XÚcpsS \o­\nc \ap¡n hnsS HmÀan¡mwþ kn hn cma³, sP kn t_mkv, {]^pà N{µdmbv, taLv \mZv kmlm, {io\nhmk cmam\p P³, Fkv N{µtiJÀ, tlman`m`, hn{Iwkmcm`mbn, C§s\ F{Xsb {Xt]À!

hmÀ[Iy Xnanc¯m ImgvNa§ntbmscs¶ a¡ÄtNÀs¶mcpsImSpw Im«ntes¡dnªt¸mÄ k¦SwsIm­t¶§n¡csª³ k¦Â]¯n³ X¦tKm]pc§fn Xo¿mfn¸SÀ¶t¸mÄ `mcy¡p \S¡m\pw AÂ]w tPmen sN¿m\pw sIÂ]ps­¶dnªhÀ hn«XnsÃt¶msSm¸w a¡sft\m¡m³ hosSm¶Sn¡m³ XpSbv¡phm³ C¡mes¯mcmsf In«m\pw sN¿Ww `mKyw

6. C\n B[p\nI temI¯nse {]ikvXimkv{XÚcpsSbpw km t¦XnIhnZKv[cpsSbpw kwcw`Icp sSbpw ]«nI (t^mÀ_vkv enÌv) ]cntim[n¨m [mcmfw C³Uy³ t]cpIÄ ImWmw. DZm-þ-: C kn Pn kpZÀi³(^nknIvkv), kaoÀ`m«nb (IT), AaÀ tKm]m t_mkv (t_m kv ku­v knÌwkv) e£van an¯Â (ÌoÂ), F ]n sP A_vZpÄ Iemw (tdm¡äpIÄ,ansskepIÄ) sh¦«cma³cmaIrjvW³ (2009 se t\m_ tPXmhv), hnt\mZv tJmkv ev (knen¡¬ hmen kwcw`I³) C§s\\o­pt]mIp¶p Bbncw hm«v tijnbpÅ C³Uy³ akvXn jvI§fpsS enÌv!

IhnX cmtP{µ³ ]qfbv¡Â

hmÀ[Iyw

I®pImWmt¯mscs¶ t\m¡n kwc£n¡ms\³ D®nIÄs¡mgnhnsöpffXmWt{XkXyw ]«WkwkvImc¯n³ DcpÄs]m«en Rm\pw s]«pt]msbt¶ ]dtbs­mcp \nan¯wt]m \me©pZim_vZ¡mes¯ Zm¼Xy¯ne ©m¬a¡Ä ]nd¶t¸mÄ BËmZn¨Xpan¨w s]¬a¡fmbv thsdbpw D­mbncp¶p NneÀ I¬I­ssZhw t]msebmbncp¶hÀ¡p Rm³ IjvSs¸«p­m¡nbsXÃmw hoXns¨ms¸m¸w CjvSZm\ambv Hmtcmcp¯À¡p sImSp¯n«pw \jvSem`§Ä Iq«n¡ngn¨pw Ieln¨pw ZpjvScmw Ahscs¶ Im«ntes¡dnªtÃm... c­p\mÄ InS¶§\mcpw ImWmsX ]ns¶ Is­mcphgnt]m¡\msamcp aethS³ Poh\t¸mgpw _m¡n\ns¶mcp \ngept]m `mhnb§ncp«nsâ ssIIfnemsW¦nepw Ip«nIÄ P\n¨Xpw hmt\mfw hfÀ¶Xpw sXm«Sp¯ncp¶ Rm³ AdnªnsÃt¶m IjvSw ImgvNbv¡p hnIemwK\mWp Rm³ F¶mepw DÄ ¡mgvNbv¡p IpdhnsödnªnÃhcmcpw \à hm¡pIfpsS tXs\men¸gw th­ hÃXpw XcnsImcp aqebnÂInS¶nSmw ImgvN_w¥mhn hr²kZ\¨pSpIm«n ]mÝmXysct¸mse \mw AÑs\Fdnbmtam....

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KthjWcwKw {]Zo]v kn

C

ft¦mhSnIÄ cNn¨ Nne¸ XnImcIY A\izcamb Hcp ]pcmhr¯amWv. [Àa ¯nÂ\n¶v AWpam{Xsa¦nepw {`w in¡p¶ AcN·mÀ¡v [ÀatZhX ba\mbn_v`hnçsa¶pw Nmcn{X s¯ GXhØbnepw ]men¡p¶ [Àa]Xv\nsb a\pjyÀ am{XaÃ, tZ hcpw hmgv¯psa¶pw {]tLmjn ¡p¶ Nne¸XnImc¯nsâ ]p\cm Jym\§Ä \½psS A\pjvTm\Km \§fn \nch[nbp­v. I®Inþ tImhne³ IY BJym\w sN¿p¶ Hcp A\pjvTm\¸m«mWv aWna¦ t¯mäw.

`{ZImfnbpsS \mS³ cq]m´c §Ä hnizmknIÄ¡v I®In `{ZImfnbp sS AhXmcamWv. hkqcn apXemb tcmK§fpsS ia\mÀYw \S¯p¶ Hcp A\pjvTm\amWv Xobm«v. `{Z ImfnbpsS AhXmcambn aWna¦ sb hmgv¯ns¡m­v Xobm«p®n IÄ Xobm«ns\m¸w aWna¦t¯m äw ]mSnhcp¶p. D¯ctIcf¯n NoÀasb¶pw a[ytIcf¯n Ipcp ¼sb¶pw \ýsb¶pw a[ytIcf

aWna¦t¯mäw IYbpw Nn´bpw ¯nsâ sX¡³`mK§fn aWn a¦sb¶pw sX¡³ sImïp I¶nsb¶pw sX¡³ tIcf¯n `{ZImfnsb¶pw Adnbs¸Sp¶Xv I®InXs¶. FdWmIpfw, tIm« bw PnÃIfnemWv aWna¦t¯mäw Xo¿m«ns\m¸w ]mSnhcp¶Xv. AëjvTm\Km\§fpsS aqeyw_ A\pjvTm\Km\§Ä ]T\mÀlam Ip¶Xv Ahbn btYjvSw IS¶p hcp¶ \m«mNmc§fpsSbpw hnizm k§fpsSbpw AÔhnizmk§fp sSbpw ]gs©mÃpIfpsSbpw t]mb Ime kwkvIrXnbpsSbpw Nn{XoI cWw sIm­mWv. \mS³]m«pIfn teXpt]mse km[mcW a\pjysâ {]Xntcm[hpw {]Xntj[hpw Is­ ¯m\mhnsænepw A\pjvTm\Km \§fnepw \mtSmSn kwkvImc¯n sâ hmMvab Nn{X§Ä \nch[n bp­v. aWna¦t¯mäw A¯cw Nn{X§Ä Bthmfw IcpXnsh¨ncn¡p¶ Hc \ÀL\n[nbmWv. \mS³sNmÃpIÄ ]gs©mÃpIÄ P\XbpsS Pohn Xmht_m[¯nsâbpw PohnXm\p` h§fpsSbpw hn]peamb DffS¡w t]dp¶p. aWna¦t¯mä¯n A ¯cw sNmÃpIÄ kaÀYambn hn\y kn¨ncn¡p¶p. NncpXobpsamcp XobmIptam Dan¡p¶psamcp Ip¶mIptam aW¨ndbpsamcp NndbmIptamSmþ F¶pw AhfpsS hmfp ]dns¨Sp¯v Acnhmfp ]nSn¸n¨b¡p¶p­v þ F¶pw Dff hcnIÄ \mtSm SnkwkvImc¯nsâ k¼¶amb \m S³ sNmÃpIfpsS `wKn Im«n¯ cp¶p. I¸Xnt\m ]ns¶ ]Tns¨¶mIn \nÂ]Xn\pw IqSn ]Tn¨oSptamþ F¶Xnepw \mS³sNmÃnsâ Km\mhnjvImcw Is­¯m\mIpw.

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PmXobhnizmkw Hmtcmtcm PmXnbn P\ns¨ ¶mIn AhchcpsS the sNbvIbpffqþ F¶p]dªpsIm­v {_m ÒWþ£{Xnbþsshiyþiq{Z hn`m K§fpsS sXmgn F´mbncn¡W sa¶pw ]m«n kqNn¸n¡p¶p. {_mÒWsc Ipe sNbvXoSmtam t]À¯pw ]ngbhÀ sNbvXoSnepwþ F¶psams¡ A¶v \m«p \S¸p­mbncp¶ PmXobamb thÀ Xncnhnsâbpw A\Àlamb B\p Iqey§fpsSbpw kqN\Ifpw aWn a¦t¯mäw \ÂIp¶p­v. PmXntI {µoIrXamb kaql¯nsâ \ne\n Â]n\v PmXobamb thÀXncnhp Ifpw AXSnØm\am¡nb sXmgn hn`P\hpw A\nhmcyamWv. Cu Pm Xnt{iWn XÀ¡anÃmsX XpStc ­Xv htcWyhn`mK¯nsâ Bh iyhpamWv. AXpsIm­pXs¶ C ¯cw tZho kvtXm{X§fn G¨p sI«nbXpt]mse \n¡p¶ PmXn kvXpXnIÄ kaqla\Èmkv{Xw \ ¶mbn ]Tn¨hcpsS kw`mh\Xs¶ bmhWw. \oXn\ymb hnNmc§Ä aWna¦bpsSbpw ]meIsâbpw IY Asæn I®InbpsSbpw tImhnesâbpw IY [Àam[Àa§ sf¡pdn¨pff Hcp aqeyhnNmcw \½psS ap¶n AhXcn¸n¡p¶p. Im¡ hogpt¶msc sIms¶ ¶mInþ ednb ]m]hpap­mw taenÂ. a\¸qÀhambn«v sNbvXXn\v {]mbÝn¯w H¶pw hn[n¨n«nà þ F¶n§s\bpff ]cmaÀi §fn CXv hyàamWv. A\pjvTm \Km\§fn IS¶phcp¶ iIp\ §sf¡pdn¨pw BNmcacymZIsf ¡pdn¨pw PmXn hyhØnXnsb Ipdn ¨papff ]cmaÀi§Ä t_m[]q Àhw Xs¶sb¶v IcptX­n hcpw. Hc\pjvTm\ IÀa¯nsâ `mKambn


KthjWcwKw hcp¶Xn\m Cu Km\§fnse B ib§fpsS kzoImcyXbv¡v ssZh `bw DWÀ¯nhnSp¶ t{]cWbpsS XewIqSn shfns¸Sp¶p­v. hnizmk§Ä \m«pkwkvIrXnbpsS PohXmfam Wv hnizmk§Ä. \·Xn·Isf¡p dn¨v, ssZhhn[n kw_Ôn¨,v iIp \§fpsS kqNnX§sf¡pdns¨m s¡ AhcpsS CSbn thtcmSnbn cp¶ hnizmk§Ä \mtSmSn P\X AhcpsS ]m«pIfn k¶nthin¸n ¨n«p­v. Nne¼phnäphcm³ aWna¦ ]meIs\bm{Xbm¡pt¼mÄ iIp \§Ä Hs¶m¶mbn ]ngíp¶Xp ImWmw: Xeap«nbh³ Xsâ Imep X¨p IXnÀaotX Ccps¶mcp ]ÃnsNmÃn Cu iIp\hpw \n\¡v cp[nc¯mte ImWmsa¶pta sNdp ]Ãn sNmÃn a®ms\s¶mcp \à sNdpInSmhv amäpambh³ t\tc iIp\w h¶p. F¶v A¡me¯v tIcfob P\X, bm{Xbv¡v Hcp§pt¼mÄ ZpÈIp\§fmbn F®p¶ e£W §Ä Hs¶m¶mbn Cu Km\¯n \nc¯n h¨ncn¡p¶p. IYbpsS BJym\s¯ Hmtcmtcm L«¯n epw Cu iIp\§fpsS hÀW\ BhÀ¯n¡p¶p­v. IYmKXnbn ]n¶oSv D­mIp¶ hgn¯ncnhv Cu iIp\§fpsS hnizmkobXsb Du «nbpd¸n¡p¶p. A§s\ XeapdX eapdbmbn ssIamdn¡n«nb hnizm k§fpsS Cu ssIamäw Ahncmaw Cu Km\§fneqsS XpScp¶p. Nne¸XnImchpw aWna¦t¯m ähpw aWna¦t¯mäw aWna¦sb¶ hoc h\nXbpsS NcnXaÃ, `{ZImfnbpsS AhXmcamb aWna¦tZhnbpsS IYbt{X. `À¯mhns\ h[n¨h tcmSp ]Icw ho«m³ tZhnbmbn¯ s¶bmWv ]mWvUycmP[m\nbn aWna¦ F¯p¶Xv. CXv bYmÀY ¯n I®InIYbpsS Hcp s]mfn s¨gp¯mWv. Nne¸XnImc¯nse I®In Hcp ssZhnI AhXmcaÃ; `À¯mhns\ GsXmchØbnepw ]cnNcn¡pIbpw kvt\ln¡pIbpw sN¿p¶ Hcp ]Xn{hXm cXv\amWv. "]ctaizcs\s¡m­v XmWv Uh\r¯w sN¿n¨ `{ZImfnbpw ZmcpIsâ hnimeh£Êp ]nfÀ¶ ZpÀKbpsam¶pasænepw Ahsc sbÃmhscbpw t]mse £p`nXbpw tIm]]chibpw ss`chnbpamb Hcp hnKX`À¯rI ssIbn Hä

I®InbpsS ape ]dns¨dnbepw a[pcm]pcnbpsS \mihpw Ihn`mh\sb¶v hnNmcn¡msa¦nepw AXphscbpff IYbn hnizmkyXbpsS/kw`hyXbpsS km[yXIfp­v. `À¯mhns\ A\ymbambn \jvSs¸« [ÀanjvT ]Xn{hX; AhfpsS tIm]¯obn sh®odmIp¶ cmPmhpw cmPyhpw. ¨ne¼pw G´ns¡m­v Aca\hm Xn¡ h¶p\n¡p¶p' þ F¶ cmP`Ssâ hm¡pIÄ H¶paXn I® In tZhnbà F¶v Xncn¨dnbm³. F¶m Xn·sb tNmZyw sN¿p¶ kv{Xobnse a{´aqÀ¯nsb AwKo Icn¡m\mIm¯ ]pcpjtI{µoIr Xkaql¯nsâ CÑIfmWv aWn a¦t¯mä¯n \ndbp¶Xv. Imthcn¸qw ]«W¯nse "IpehWn¡v' Bb tImhne\v I® InbpsS Nne¼v hnÂt¡­nhcp ¶Xv, AbmÄ¡v am[hnsb¶ K Wn ItbmSp­mb CS]gI \nan¯ amWv. B hmc\mcnbpsS k¼À¡w aqew kIekz¯p¡fpw \in¨ AbmÄ `mcybpsS Nne¼phn¡p hm³ ]mWvUycmPys¯¯p¶p. ]mWvUy cmP]Xv\nbpsS tamj Wwt]mb Nne¼mWv tImhnesâ ssIbnepffsX¶v bYmÀYtamjv Smhmb kzÀW¸Wn¡mc³ cmPm hns\ Adnbn¨p. AbmfpsS hm¡p hnizkn¨v, \nc]cm[nbmb tImhn es\ h[n¡m³ cmPmhv D¯chn Sp¶p. Hcp Ip_p²nbpsS hm¡pIÄ tI«v \nc]cm[nsb hnNmcW \S ¯msX sIm¶Xpamän \nÀ¯nbm ]mWvUycmPmhv \oXnam\mbncp ¶psh¶v Nne¸XnImcw ]dbp¶p. F¶m aWna¦t¯mä ¯n cmPmhp ]meIs\t\cn«v ap¶n hcp¯n hnNmcW sNbvXp sImÃp¶psh¶p am{XaÃ, A[aX bpsS BÄcq]ambn«mWv Abmsf hc¨pIm«p¶Xv. ]«alnjn h¶p ]meIsâ \nc]cm[nXzw t_m[n¸n ¡pt¼mÄ cmPkv{XoItf ]ns¶ Bsb¶m cmPk`bnse´pImcyw? þ F¶p am{Xaà ]t­ Xs¶ \à kv{Xo hÀK§Ä AgInb ]pcpjtc IfthmctÃ- ?þ F¶ sX½mSn¯chpw Fgp¶ffn¡p¶ hjf\mWbmÄ. "Nne¸XnImc'¯nse I® In GsXmcp kv{Xobnepw Bthiw ]Icpw: cmPmhnsâ A\ymbs¯ tNmZyw sN¿m³ ss[cyapffhÄ. ""[Àa\oXn ]Scm¯ tImÀ¡¸p

cn¡p \mY, Fsâ Imen AWn ªncn¡p¶ Nne¼nsâ XcnIIÄ amWnIyIÃpIfmWv''F¶p ]dªv Nne¼p \nes¯dnªpSbv¡pt¼m Ä NnXdnhoW amWnIy¡ÃpIÄ cmPmhnsâ I®p Xpd¸n¡p¶p. ""lm! s]m³]Wn¡mc\mb X«msâ hymPsamgntI«v cmP[Àa¯n \n ¶pw {`win¨ Rms\mcp cmPmthm? Rm\mWv Iff³. If¦taim¯ hn[¯n {]Pm]me\[Àaw \nÀh ln¨pt]m¶ ]mWvUyhwiw Fsâ Imew apX¡v If¦nXambn. CtXmsS Cu PohnXw \in¡s«!'' F¶p hne]n¨v cmPmhpw `mcybpw Poh³ shSnbpIbmWv. I®InbpsS ape ]dns¨dn bepw a[pcm]pcnbpsS \mihpw Ihn`mh\sb¶v hnNmcn¡msa ¦nepw AXphscbpff IYbn hnizmkyXbpsS/kw`hyXbpsS km[yXIfp­v . `À¯mhns\A \ymbambn \jvSs¸« [ÀanjvT ]Xn{hX; AhfpsS tIm]¯obn sh®odmIp¶ cmPmhpw cmPyhpw. a\pjykv{XoIfpsS alXzhpw \· bpsS hnPbhpw {]Jym]n¡p¶p. Nne¸XnImcsa¦n kv{XobpsS t]mcm«§Ä¡v hneIÂ]n¡m¯, A¯cw sNdp¯p\nÂ]pIsf ssZhnIam¡n XcwXmgv¯p¶ ]pcp jkaqla\Ênsâ {]Xybimkv{X ]camb X{´amWv aWna¦t¯mä ¯n kaÀYambn k¶nthin¸n¨n cn¡p¶Xv. Ahew_w: 1. Nne¸XnImcw hnhÀ¯\w þ BÀ \mcmbW]Wn¡À 2. aWna¦t¯mäw, \mS³]m«pIÄ hmeyw H¶v k¼m: sI i¦c\p®n. 3. t^mIvtemÀ kwkvImcw þ tUm ]n tkma³ 4. Nne¸XnImcalmIY ]cn: Infnam\qÀ hnizw`c³ 5. t^mIvtemÀ ]T\§Ä þ inhi¦c¸nff 6. t^mIvtemdnse kv{XokzXz\nÀ anXn þ ]n hk´Ipamcn

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

25


Fw sI cma-N-{µ-\p-ambn kw`m-jWw kz´w teJ-I³

"IÂ]' þ kpµcn at\mlcn

cm

hnse 5 aWn¡pXs¶ F gpt¶äp. kqtcymZb¯n In¶À ssIemkw sh«n¯nf§p ¶Xp ImWm³ sh¼ÂsIm­p. tlm«ensâ _m¡Wnbn {]Xo £tbmsS \n¶p. XWp¸v ITn\w. A´co£w sXfnªp Xs¶. In¶ ÀssIemkw DÄs¸Sp¶ ]ÀhX\nc IÄ I\¯ aªn aqSn¡nS¡pI bmWv. kqcy³ DZn¨pbÀ¶tXmsS B `mKw apgph\pw X¦hÀW¯n ap§n¡pfn¨Xpt]mse. In¶À ssI emk¯nsâ apIÄ`mKw \nc¸mb Hcp {]XeamsW¶v GXm­v Dd ¸mbn. Nmbbpambn h¶ ]cnNmc I³ A§pZqsc HcSntbmfw Dbc ¯n ØnXnsN¿p¶ inhenwKw Nq­n¡mWn¨pX¶p. heXp`mK ¯mbn AtXhep¸¯n ]mÀhXo hn{Klhpw \nesImÅp¶p. tlm «Â ØnXnsN¿p¶ \nc¸n\p Xmsg AKm[amb XmgvhcbmWv. B¸nÄ ac§fmWv ChnsS Xg¨phfÀ¶p \n¡p¶Xv. {KmaoWcpsS hkXn Ifpw CSbv¡nsS ImWmw. Xmgvhc Ahkm\n¡p¶nS¯v In¶À ssI emk ]ÀhX\nc Ip¯s\ DbÀ¶p \n¡p¶p.

26

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

UÂlukn {]`p kvt\ln¨ "IÂ]' IÂ]bnse Xmakw c­pZnhk am¡n. {][m\s¸« Øe§Ä kµ Àin¡m\pw {KmaoWsc¡­v hnhc §Ä tiJcn¡m\pw kabw Is­ ¯n. ]«mf¯n \n¶p hncan¨ Fgp]XpIgnª AtcmKZrVKm{X \mb kzcq]vkn§pw At±l¯nsâ klmbn tKm]n Tm¡qdpw Fs¶ klmbn¨p. In¶À ssIemks¯ ¡pdn¨v ChÀ hnkvXcn¨p ]dªp. lnµpkvXm³þ Xn_¯v tdmUneqsS 250 IntemaoäÀ k©cn¨mWv Fw sI cmaN{µ³ IÂ]bnse¯nbXv. lnamN {]tZinse Gähpw kpJ Icamb ln dntkmÀ«v BWv IÂ]. ChnsS hÀjw apgph\pw XWp¸mWv . anXamb tXmXn am{Xw ag. ]g§fpsSbpw ]q¡fpsS bpw kzÀK`qanbmWnhnSw. IÂ]sb C¶s¯ coXnbn {]Npc{]Nmcam ¡nbXv {_n«ojv KhÀWÀ P\d emb UÂlukn {]`phmWv 1845  CuÌv þ C³UymI¼\nbnse Iym ]vä³ slân A¸Àse I¸bn Hcp hn{iatI{µw ]WnIgn¸n¨n cp¶p. ChnsS Xmakn¡m³ F¯n

b UÂlukn {]`p IÂ]bpsS am kvacnI kuµcy¯n a\w ab§n {`an¨p\n¶pt]mbn. {]`phnsâ I¨ hS¡®pIÄ sXm«Sps¯ {]tZi §fmb ssN\þ Xn_¯v `mK§fn te¡pw F¯nt\m¡n. ZpjvIcamb Cu aeaS¡pIÄ¡nSbn IqSn K XmKXtbmKyamb Hcp tdmUv \nÀ amWw F¶ Bibw UÂlukn bpsS a\Ên cq]w sIm­p. CuÌv þ C³Uym I¼\nbpsS Iam³UÀ þ C³ þ No^v Bb kÀ NmÄkv t\]n bdpw At±l¯nsâ sk{I«dn ta PÀ sI¶Unbpw tdmUv \nÀamWw GsäSp¯p. 1860  IÂ]þ knwe tdmUv KXmKX¯n\mbn Xpd¶p sImSp¯pw ""lnamhrXamb ]ÀhX \ncIfm BhcWw sN¿s¸«p InS¡p¶ Cu Øew AXnsâ h iyamb ImemhØm\p`qXn sIm­v GZ³ tXm«w Ignªm ASp¯ XmWv. CsXmcp kzÀK`qan Xs¶'' þ F¶ UÂluknbpsS hm¡pIÄ ¡pw Gsd {]kànbp­v. "Nn\n' I¸bmbn thjw amdp¶p IÂ]bpsS BZy t]cv "Nn\n' F¶m bncp¶p. "Nn\n Kmhv'F¶m No\


Fw sI cma-N-{µ-\p-ambn kw`m-jWw kpµcnamcmb Cu kv{XoIÄ Ft´m Nh¨psIm­ncn¡p¶Xv Rm³ BZyta {i²n¨ncp¶p. apdp¡m³ Nhbv¡pIbmhmw F¶mWp IcpXnbXv. sNdn¸gw t]mse ChcpsSsbms¡ Np­pIÄ Npa¶p XpSp¯ncn¡p¶Xv en]vÌnIv tX¨XpsIm­mImw F¶p IcpXn. Hcp¯n GXm\pw XfncneIÄ Npcp«n¡q«n hmbnenSp¶Xp I­t¸mÄ Rm³ AtX¡pdn¨p tNmZn¨p. cpsS {Kmaw F¶mWv. alm`mcXw h\]Àh¯n ]mWvUhÀ h\hm kIme¯v Cu {]tZi§fn¡qSn k©cn¨Xns\¸än ]cmaÀi§fp ­v. ""]ns¶ B \choc³amÀ _Z cym{ia¯n F¯nt¨À¶p. Ahn sS Ipd¨pZnhkw Xmakn¨Xn\pti jw thScmPmhnsâ Zn¡n k© cn¨p. ]ns¶ No\cpsS {]tZiw. Xp jmc{]tZiw, ZcZ{]tZiw Chsbm s¡ IS¶v ZpÀKaamb lnahÂ{] tZi¯n F¯nt¨À¶p. ChnsS ]cmaÀin¡p¶ "No\cpsS {]tZi' hpw ZpÀKaamb lnahÂ{]tZihpw C¶s¯ lnamNÂ{]tZivXs¶. C³UyþssN\bp²¯n\ptijw, 1962-þ  Nn\n {Kma¯nsâ \mat[ bw IÂ] F¶m¡n amäpIbmWp ­mbXv. ssN\bpsS `mK¯p\n¶v HchImihmZw D¶bn¡p¶Xp XS bpI F¶Xmbncn¡mw Xnc¡n« Cu t]cpamä¯nsâ e£yw F¶p tXm¶p¶p. C¶s¯ IÂ]bn ssN\okv apJÑmbbpÅhsc hf sc Ipd¨pam{Xta ImWm\pÅq. "IÂ]' IÂ]bnepÅhÀ¡p am{Xw ]e {Kma§fnembn 600 Hmfw IpSpw _§Ä IÂ]bnep­v. sam¯w P\ kwJy aqhmbnc¯n Xmsg am{Xw. an¡hÀ¡pw kz´w Irjn`qanIÄ D­v. FÃmhÀ¡pw IqSn \m\qän sXm®qänb©v slIvSÀ Irjn`qan bmWpÅXv. Acn, tKmX¼v, tNmfw, ISe, ]bÀ, ]cn¸v, Dgp¶v XpS§nb hbmWv {][m\IrjnIÄ. hnime amb Ip¶n³ sNcphpIfn B¸nÄ Irjnbpw D­v. A{Iq«v, JpÀam\n, Pqen F¶nhbmWv ]ghÀK§Ä. DW§nb ]ªn¡pcpt]mse tXm ¶n¡p¶ NnÂtKzmk ac¯nsâ Ipcp¡Ä¡v _Zmw ]cn¸ns\¡mÄ hnebp­v. Intembv¡v 500/-þ cq] hsc hneaXn¡p¶ Cu D¸¶w IÂ]¡mcpsS {][m\hcpam\§ fn H¶mWv. tZhZmcp, NoVv F¶n

hbmWv {][m\hr£§Ä. PmXn ASnØm\¯nÂ, t\in hn`mK¯n Âs¸« {_mÒWÀ, £{Xob ZfnXv hn`mK¯nÂs¸«hÀ, ]lmUnIÄ F¶nhcmWv ChnsS Xmakn¡p ¶Xv. ¹kv Sp hsc hnZym`ymk ku Icyap­v. In¶À PnámÀ¡pam{X ta IÂ]bn Øew hm§m³ Ah ImiapÅq. `oXnP\Iamb ae¼mX "tdmKn' {Kmaw kµÀin¡m³ Xm ]cyw tXm¶n. ChntSbv¡pÅ CSp §nb SmÀ tdmUv, aeIsf {]Z£n Ww h¨v Ibdnbnd§nt¸mIp¶p. hgnbcnIn ]SpIqä³ tZhZmcp hr £§Ä, Iam\mIrXnbn XW hncn¨p \n¡p¶Xv lrZyamb Imgv NbmWv. apt¶m«p t]mIpwtXmdpw Cu ae¼mX AXnsâ `bm\I cq]w {]ZÀin¸n¨pXpS§p¶p. Icn ¦Â aeIfpsS ]Åbn¡qSn sh«n sbSp¯ Cu tdmUnsâ adp`mKw Bdmbnc¯ne[nIw ASn XmgvNbp Å sIm¡bmWv. c­p Intemaoä tdmfw Zqcw am{XtabpÅqsh¦nepw lnameb¯nse `oXnP\Iamb ]m XIfn H¶mWv CXv. adphml\ §Ä¡v IS¶pt]mIm³ X¡hoXn bnÃ. kotdm BwKnfn DÅ hf hpIÄ ImcWw FXnÀhml\w sXm «Sps¯¯nbmte ImWm³ Ignbq. hml\KXmKXw tdmKn {Kma ¯n Ahkm\n¡p¶p. ZplmKv, aocp, Dd\n, NnImhv F¶o {Kma§Ä CXn\¸pd¯p­v. ImÂ\Sbmbn am{Xta ChnS§fn F¯m³ Ignbq. Irjn¡mcmb {KmaoWÀ s]mXpth im´cpw kvt\lk¼¶ cpamWv. tdmKn {Kma¯nse inh t£{X¯n {]mÀYn¨v XncnsI hcp t¼mÄ t£{Xm¦W¯n Iq«w IqSnbncp¶v I¼nfn \q ]ncn¨p ­m¡p¶ {KmaoWbphXnIÄ Fgp t¶äp \n¶v Fs¶ hµn¨p. Rm³ B ktlmZcnamtcmSv hntij§Ä Xnc¡n. tIcf¯n \n¶pÅ Hcp

k©mcnbmsW¶dnªt¸mÄ Ah scms¡ AÂ`pXs¸«p. hfsc ]cn anXamb Adnhp am{Xta tIcfs¯ ¡pdn¨v AhÀ¡pÅq. Nph¶ Np­pIfpÅ kpµcnamÀ kpµcnamcmb Cu kv{XoIÄ F t´m Nh¨psIm­ncn¡p¶Xv Rm³ BZyta {i²n¨ncp¶p. apdp ¡m³ Nhbv¡pIbmhmw F¶mWp IcpXnbXv. sNdn¸gw t]mse Chcp sSsbms¡ Np­pIÄ Npa¶p XpSp ¯ncn¡p¶Xv en]vÌnIv tX¨Xp sIm­mImw F¶p IcpXn. Hcp¯n GXm\pw XfncneIÄ Npcp«n¡q«n hmbnenSp¶Xp I­t¸mÄ Rm³ AtX¡pdn¨p tNmZn¨p. A{Iq«v F¶ ^ehr£¯nsâ XfncpIfm Wv AhÀ Nhbv¡p¶sX¶pw AXp sIm­mWv Np­pIÄ¡v Cu \ndw hcp¶sX¶pw tI«t¸mÄ AÂ`pXw tXm¶n. Ime¯v Ht¶m ct­m XhW Cu Iq¼pIÄ Nh¨m ssh Ipt¶cw hsc Np­pIÄ Nph¶ncn ¡psa¶v AhÀ ]dªp. càip²n ¡pw sXmenbpsS an\p¸n\pw CXp klmbn¡p¶p. X§fmcpw Hcn¡ epw Np­n Ir{Xna Nmbw tX¡m dnsöpw AhÀ ]dªp. a\w ab¡p¶ Nm¡mXSmIw IÂ]bpsS Gähpw apIÄ`mK¯v ØnXnsN¿p¶ Nm¡m XSmIw kµ Àin¡m³ aq¶paWn¡qtdmfw th ­nh¶p. IÂ]bn \n¶v Nm¡m XSmI¯nte¡pÅ s{S¡nMv k ©mcnIfpsS Hcp lcamWv. `£ Ww Um_Ifn Ign¨v Hcp Znhkw aeapIfn hn{ian¨v AhÀ \nÀ hrXn \pIcp¶p. \nemhpÅ cm{Xn Ifn CXv XnI¨pw A\p`qXnZmb Iambncn¡pw. Nm¡m XSmI¯nsâ Zriyw AhnkvacWobamb Hcp A\p`hw Xs¶bmWv. kok¬ A Ãm¯Xn\m XSmI¯nsâ Npäpw aªv aqSn¡nS¸p­v. sXfnª shůn \oemImiw Hcp sh Ån¯fnIbnse¶t]mse {]Xn^ en¨p InS¡p¶ Zriyw at\mlc amWv. IÂ]bpw ]cnkc{]tZi §fpw ChnsS \n¶v ImWp¶Xpw BkzmZyIcamWv. t]m¡pshbnen sâ X¦{]`bn Npäp]mSpapÅ lnairwK§Ä Hcp s]m«pt]mse A§v Zqsc ImWmw. XWp¸v AXn ITn\ambn¯pS§nbt¸mÄ R §Ä aS¡bm{X Bcw`n¨p. ]I shfn¨w \o­p\n¶Xn\m F«pa Wn¡pap¼mbn Xncns¨¯n. (XpScpw...)

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

27


teJ\w s{]m^ sI sI IrjvW³ \¼qXncn

Fgp¯Ñsâ Kpcp: kzman cmam\µ³* ]

Xn\mepw ]Xn\©pw \qäm ­pIfn PbtZh þ hnZym ]Xn þ kqcZmk{]`yXnIfmb Ihn IfpsS kwKoXmßIcN\IfneqsS {ioIrjvWt{]a¯nsâ ckam[pcn D¯c`mcXw apgph³ hym]n¨v ckv Jm³ XpS§nb apkÂam³IhnI fpsS `mh\mhym]mcs¯t¸mepw Im´iànbmse¶t]mse BIÀ jn¨p. IrjvW`ànbpsS hk´w: \ncÀKfhpw \ncip¦hpamb cm[m IrjvWt{]a¯nsâ B buh\ ¯nf¸n P\PohnXw hgn]ng¨p t]mImambnê¶ thfbn sX¡p \n¶v cma`ànbpsS iwJ[z\n apg ¡n I_oÀZmkv, XpfkoZmkv XpS §nb IhnIsf am{Xaà ]WvUnX ]mact`Zsat\y kmam\yP\§sf bmkIew DWÀ¯nb Hcp alm]p cpj³ Iminbnse ]hn{Xamb XoÀ Y`qanbnte¡p IS¶ph¶p: cmam \µbXoizc³. hmÂaoInbpsS cmaIYsb ]c{_Ò¯nsâ {]XoIambpw Ah Xmc]pcpj\mb {iocma\mbpw Nn {XoIcn¡p¶ IYbm¡n hnhcn ¡p¶ A[ymßcmambWw F¶ A \ÀL {KÙhpw At±lw IqsS sIm ­ph¶ncp¶p. At±lw Iminbn X]ÊëjvTn¨p; AhnSs¯ P\§ fpsS `mj ]Tn¡pIbpw AXn {K Ù§Ä cNn¡pIbpw B `mjbn cN\IÄ \S¯m³ t{]cn¸n¨psIm ­v P\]c¼cIsf X¶nte¡mI Àjn¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Adnhnsâ Hcp hnf¡pamSambncp¶ B alm ßmhv BNmcy]Zhn hln¨psIm ­v {ioi¦csâ thZm´ ZÀi\ ¯n injy³amÀ¡p in£Ww \ÂIn; cmaIY AssZzX XXz§ fpsS {]XoIambpw CuizcmhXmc ]cambpw hymJym\n¨v P\§sf tIĸn¨p. Cuizcsâ \nÀKpWXz

hpw kKpWXzhpw `Khmsâ At\y \yhncp²§fmb c­pcq]tam `mh tam AÃ. adn¨v `Khmsâ c­hØ IfpsS kqNI§Ä am{Xsa¶p{] Jym]n¨psIm­v GXpXc¯nepÅ D]mk\bpw hnlnXamsW¶pw A t±lw injy³amsc D]tZin¨p. IqSmsX DamatlizckwhmZcq] ambn cmaIY {]Ncn¸n¨v ssihcpw sshjvWhcpw X½nepÅ Iel ¯n\p hncmaan«p. At±l¯nsâ injycpw {]injycpambn Ht«sd IhnIÄ P\§fpsS kmwkvImcnI PohnX ¯n\v t\XrXzw \ÂIn. B IhnI fn alm\mb XpfkoZmk³ {][m \nbmbncp¶p. At±l¯nsâ cmaN cnXam\kw F¶ hntizm¯camb almImhyw "\\m]pcmW\nKam Ka'§fpsS ASnØm\¯n cNn ¡s¸«XmsW¦nepw{][m\ambn A[ymßcmambWs¯¯s¶bm Wv D]Pohyam¡nbXv. ImemXnhÀ ¯nbmb kmwkvImcnIaqeyw DbÀ ¯n¡m«nb B alm{KÙw D¯c `mcX¯nse a\pjyPohnX¯n\v amÀK{]Zo]ambn C¶pw {]tim`n ¡p¶p. `ànbpsS temeamb hÅn ]SÀ¶p IbdWsa¦n AXn\v ZÀ i\¯nsâ Dd¸pÅ ac¯nsâ Xm §p thWw. CXp a\Ênem¡nbncp ¶ XpfkoZmk³ A[ymßcmamb W¯nse AssZzXZÀi\w `àn bpsS hnImk¯n\v kµÀ`m\ptcm t[\HuNnXy]qÀhw D]tbmKn¨p. AXpsIm­pXs¶ At±l¯nsâ IhnXbv ¡ v hntijn¨pw"am\k' ¯n\v kmÀh{XnIamb AwKoIm chpw `ànImhy§fn A`yÀln Xamb Øm\hpw ssIhì. `àn¯nc¯Åepw tIcfhpw D¯c`mcX¯n almIhn Xpfko

Zmkìw aäpw P·w \ÂInb `àn þ Btµmf\¯nsâ Imeamb ]Xn\ ©mw \qäm­v; A¡me¯v `àn`m h\bpsS, hntijn¨pw cma`àn`m h\bpsS, A`qX]qÀhamb then tbä¯n aebmf\mSnsâ akvXn jvIhpw a\Êpw Xfncn«p. aebmf`m jbpsS ]nXrØm\ob\mb cmam \pP³ Fgp¯Ñ\nepw aäpw {iocm a`àn Imhym\p`qXnbmbn hfÀ ¶Xpw B Ime¯t{X. Fgp¯Ñsâbpw A[ym ßcmambWw Infn¸m«n\m[mcam bXv kwkvIrX¯nse A[ymßcm ambWwXs¶. ]Xn\©mw \qäm­n sâ ]qÀhmÀ[¯nemWv Fgp¯ ѳ kmlnXotkh\w \S¯nbncp ¶sX¦n XpfkoZmksâ Imhy km[\mImew B \qäm­nsâX s¶ D¯cmÀ[ambncp¶p. c­pt] cpw Xm´m§fpsS `àn`mh\bv ¡pw cmaImhycN\bv¡pw {]apJm hew_ambn IcpXnbXv A[ymß cmambWs¯bmWv. B Imhyam sW¦n ZmÀinIambpw IYm]cam bpw A\h[n {]tXyIXIÄ DÅ XmWpXm\pw. cmam\µkzmanIfpsS P·tZiw: tIcfw A[ymßcmambW(aqew)¯nsâ IÀXrXzs¯¸än hym]Iamb ]T \w \S¯nb tUm cmaN{µtZhv B Imhyw 16þmw iXI¯n\pap¼v sX t¡ C³Uybn cNn¡s¸«Xm sW¶`n{]mbs¸Sp¶p. "tZhmeb §fnse ]qPmZnImcy§Ä AXn (A[ymßcmambW¯nÂ) ]cmaÀ in¨pImWp¶XpsIm­v Sn IrXn A\Xn{]mNo\amsW¶v F\n¡p tXm¶p¶p. cmaIYm]tZti\ A ssZzXkn²m´§sf {]Xn]mZn ¡m³ AXv \nÀanXamWv F¶pw hn

* kzmancmam\µ³ tIcfob\mbncp¶p; XrÈqÀ sXt¡ kzmanbmÀ aT¯nse cmLhm\µbXnbpsS injy\mb At±lamWv A[ymßcmambWw(aqew) cNn¨X;v Fgp¯Ñsâ BNmcy\mbncp¶p; hSt¡ C³Uybn 15þmwiXI¯n cma`àn{]Øm\ ¯n\v DuÀPhpw Dt¯P\hpw \ÂIn `mcX¯nsâ kmwkvImcnIamb sFIy¯në hgnsXfn¨p.

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teJ\w cmam\µsâ P·tZis¯¸änbpw hyàamb Hcp [mcWbp anÃ. NneÀ At±lw {]bmKn \n¶v Iminbnte¡p h¶XmsW¶pw aäp NneÀ almcmjv{Sbn \n¶mbncn¡mw Iminbnte¡p h¶sX¶pw A\pam\n¡p¶p. aäp NneÀ At±ls¯ B{ÔmtZiob\mbpw thsd NneÀ IÀWmSIamWv At±l¯nsâ P·tZisa¶pw A`n{]m bs¸Sp¶p. F¶m At±lw tIcfob\mbncn¡m³ km[yXbps­¶p t]mepw Bcpw A\pam\n¨pImWm¯ Xn Gsd BÝcyap­v. Nmcnt¡­nbncn¡p¶p'F¶v alm a\ojnbmb kmlnXy]©m\\ \pw A`n{]mbs¸«ncn¡p¶p (hnaÀ i{Xbw 207) tIcf¯nepw Imin bnepw c­nS¯pw Htc A[ymßcm ambWamWv {]Ncn¨Xv; AXp cmam \µ³ Z£nW `mcX¯n \n¶p Iminbn sN¶XpapX¡mW.v Hcp Imcyw hyàw: AXv tIcf¯nsehnsStbmh¨v GtXm AssZzXaXm\pKmanbmb alm\p `mht\m cmam\µ³Xs¶tbm cNn ¨ImhyamWv . `àn{ZmhnUtZi ¯n DÂ]¶ambXmsW¶pw AXv AhntS¡v sIm­psN¶Xv cmam\µ\msW¶papÅ hnizmka ÃmsX cmam\µkzmansb¸än {]mam WnIamb asämcdnhpw hS¡pÅ kmlnXyKthjI³amÀ¡mÀ¡pw CÃ. F¶m AhÀ FÃmhcpw Xs¶ cmam\µtbmKn ZoÀLImew (118 hÀjw ) Pohn¨ncp¶p F¶ A`n{]mbs¸«n«p­v. tUm BÀ Pn `WvUmÀ¡À, tUm tPmÀPv {KnbÀ k³, tUm F^v Fw Iokmln_v, BNmcy cmaN{µip¢v XpS§nb hn Zzm³amÀ cmam\µsâ PohnXImew hn{Iam_vZw 1413 \pw 1505 \pw CS bv¡v Bbncp¶ncn¡msa¶v A`yq ln¡p¶p. AXmbXv hn{Iam_vZw 15þmw \qäm­nsâ D¯cmÀ[¯n ({InkvXz_vZw 15þmw \qäm­nsâ ]qÀhmÀ[¯nÂ) cmam\µkzman Imin {]tZis¯ Ae¦cn¨ncp¶ Xmbn Aëam\n¡mw. cmam\µsâ P·tZis¯ ¸änbpw hyàamb Hcp [mcWbp anÃ. NneÀ At±lw {]bmKn \n¶v Iminbnte¡p h¶XmsW ¶pw aäp NneÀ almcmjv{Sbn \n ¶mbncn¡mw Iminbnte¡p h¶ sX¶pw A\pam\n¡p¶p. aäp NneÀ At±ls¯ B{ÔmtZiob\mbpw thsd NneÀ IÀWmSIamWv At± l¯nsâ P·tZisa¶pw A`n{]m bs¸Sp¶p. F¶m At±lw tIc fob\mbncn¡m³ km[yXbps­

¶p t]mepw Bcpw A\pam\n¨p ImWm¯Xn Gsd BÝcyap­v. {]tXyIn¨pw At\zjn¨p sNÃp ¼mÄ asä§p\n¶pw e`yaÃm¯ Nne hyàambXpw AXpsIm­p Xs¶ A\pt]£y§fpamb sXfn hpIÄ kamlcn¡m³ km[n¡p¶ \nebnÂ. almIhn DÅqÀt]mepw "Hu¯cml\mb cmam\µ³' F¶p am{Xw ]dªpsIm­v Cu hnjb ¯nte¡v IS¡mXncn¡p¶p. A[ymßcmambWIÀ¯mhv A[ymßcmambWw(aqe)¯nsâ IÀ¯mhv tIcfob\mb cmam\µ kzmanXs¶ F¶pw Xp©¯p cmam \pP³ Fgp¯Ñ³ At±l¯nsâ BZyImes¯ injy\mbncp¶p F¶pw At±lwXs¶bmWv Imin bnse¯n 15þmw \qäm­nsâ BZy ]IpXnbn cma`àn{]Øm\ ¯n\p t\XrXzw \ÂInbXv F¶pw A\ntj[yhpw AkµnKv[hpamb sXfnhpIfpsS ASnØm\¯n Is­¯mw. A´Êm£y§fpw _lnÊm£y §fpw 1. cmam\µsâ BhnÀ`mh¯n\p ap³]v A[ymßcmambW(aqe) ¯nse Nn´m[mc atäsX¦nepw cm ambW¯ntem cmaIYmhnhcW ¯ntem kqNnXambn«pt]mepanÃ. 2. AssZzXhmZw {]Ncn¸n¨ i¦cm NmcycpsS ]c¼cbnemWv cmam\ µ³ BhnÀ`hn¨Xv F¶pÅXn\v sXfnhpÅXpsIm­pw tIcfob\pw XriqÀ kzmanbmÀ aT¯nse k\ym knbmbncp¶ cmLhm\µ³ Xsâ Kpcphmbncp¶p F¶v cmam\µ³ {] kvXmhn¨n«pÅXpsIm­pw At± lw tIcfob\mbncp¶p F¶v kv] jvSamhp¶p. 3. A[ymßcmambWw XnI¨pw A ssZzXhmZs¯ kaÀYn¡p¶ {KÙ amWv. cmam\µsâ Imewhsc A ssZzXhmZw `àn`mh\bv¡p ]äp

¶Xà F¶mbncp¶p s]mXp[m cW. F¶m km[mcWP\§ Ä¡v `àn Gähpw D¯aamb tam £amÀKamsW¶v hyàam¡pI bmWv A[ymßcmabW¯nsâ cN\me£yw. AXpsIm­pXs¶ bmWv B {KÙ¯n AssZzX{] Xn]¯n {]ZÀin¸n¡p¶tXmsSm¸w (e£vatWm]tZiw kÀKw 4) ]q PmX{´hpw (InjvInÔmImWvUw kÀKw 4) D]tZin¡p¶Xv. 4. GXm­v AkmµÀ`nIsa¶p t]mepw ]dbmhp¶ ]qPmX{´w (InjvInÔ, kÀKw 4: tÇmIw 11 þ 40) tIcf¯nÂam{Xw {]tbmK¯n epÅXmWv. CXv F«mw \qäm­n i¦cmNmcyÀ cNn¨sXì IêXn t¸mê¶ {]]©kmc X{´s¯ A\pkcn¡p¶ X{´kap¨bw F¶ B[nImcnI {KÙs¯ ASn Øm\amçì. GXm­v cmam\µsâ ka ImenIt\m AYhm AÂ]w ]qÀh ImenIt\m Bb tN¶mkv \¼qXn cn¸m«nse X{´kap¨b¯nse ]q PmX{´wXs¶bmWv A[ymßcm ambW¯nepw hnhcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Fgp¯Ñsâ A[ymßcm ambW¯nse {InbmamÀtKm]tZi ¯nsâ an¡ hymJymXm¡fpw A Xnse `qcn]£w kmt¦XnI ]Zþ {]tbmK§Äçw sXämb AÀYw \ÂInbncnç¶Xv hnjbw ]qPmX {´w F¶dnbmbvIbmemWv. DZmlcWw:þ BZys¯ \mephcn (amXr`qan _pIvkv 2007 Unkw_dn ]pd¯nd¡nb kw tim[nXhpw hymJym\klnXhp amb A[ymßcmambW¯nsâ ]p Xnb ]Xn ¸v) : X¶psS X¶psS KrtlymàamÀ tKW a¶nS¯n ZznPXzap­mbv h ¶m BNmcyt\mSp a{´w tI«p kmZcþ amNmcy]qÀhamcm[n¡ amsatSm. Cu `mKw C§s\hymJym \n¨ncn¡p¶p: "KrtlymàamÀ tKW = Krl]qPmZnIÀa§sf¸än {]Xn]mZn¡p¶ imkv{Xhn[nb\p kcn¨v; Bcm[n¡ amw = Fs¶ Bcm[n¡pI. Krl]qPmZnIÀa§ fneqsS ZznPXzw ({_mÒWXzw) {]m ]n¨v BNmcy\nÂ\n¶pw a{´w {i hn¨v BNmcysâXs¶ km¶n[y ¯n Fs¶ Bcm[n¡pI.' {]IrX¯n henb {]m [m\yapÅ "X¶psS X¶psS' F¶ {]tbmKwXs¶ hn«pIfªncn¡p ¶p! tZh]qPbv¡v A[nImcw kn ²n¨n«pÅ {_mÒWscÃmw GsX

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teJ\w ¦nepw thZNcW¯nÂs¸«hcmbn cn¡pw. Hmtcm NcW¯nÂs¸« hÀ¡pw {]tXyIw Krlykq{X§ fpw Ahbn hn[n¨n«pÅ tjmUi IÀa§fpw D­v (Krlykq{X§Ä thZmwKamb IÂ]¯nÂs¸Sp¶p.): Bizemb\Krlykq{Xw (EtKzZo bw); _u[mb\Krlykq{Xw, B] kvXw_Krlykq{Xw, _m[peIKr lykq{Xw(bPqÀthZobw) C§s\ aäv thZNcW¡mÀ¡pw Krlykq{X §Ä D­v. Hmtcm thZimJ¡m c\pw BNcnt¡­ tjmUiIÀa (kmwkvImc) §Ä¡pw AhcpsS ]qPma{´§Ä¡pw AÂ]mÂ]w `n¶Xbp­v. AXmWv "X¶psS X ¶psS KrtlymàamÀtKW' F¶ Xnse hnh£nXw. A§s\ ZznPXzw k¼mZn ¨m AX\pkcn¨v BNmcys\ (Kpcphns\) kao]n¨v at{´m] tZiw kzoIcn¡pIbpw BZyw Xs¶ (]qÀhw) BNmcys\ Bcm[n ¡pIbpw(]qPn¡pIbpw) XpSÀ¶v Fs¶bpw(]camßmhns\bpw D]m ky\mb tZhs\bpw) Bcm[n¡pI bpw sNbvXpsImÅpI. asämêhymJym\w {]IrX ¯n kwKXaÃ. "{InbmamÀtKm] tZi'¯nse tijw `mK§Ä hym Jym\n¨Xnepw C½mXncn ]ngI fp­v. Cu ]ngIÄaqew IhnbpsS A´ÀKXtam ]qPm]²XnbpsS kq £v a mwi§tfm shfns¸Sp¶nÃ; am{XaÃ, ]qPmIÀa§ÄsIm­v {_mÒWXzw e`n¡psa¶pw BNm cysâ km¶n[y¯nemWv ]qP \S t¯­sX¶pw aäpapÅ Akw_ 豈 A\`ykvXhnZycmb km[p P\§fn {]Ncn¡p¶Xn\pw CS bmIpw. 5. cmas\ Cuizc\mbn I­p sIm­v kvXpXn¡p¶ BZyIrXn tIcfob\mb IpetiJc Bgvhm dpsS s]cpamÄ XncpsamgnbmWv. A t±l¯nsâ apIpµameF¶ kwkv IrX IrXn¡v hfsc hn]peamb hymJym\w FgpXnbXv cmam\µsâ Kpcphmb cmLhm\µ\t{X. `hn jyXv]pcmWw, `àam Ch {] Imcw cmam\µsâ Kpcp cmLhm\ µbXn (14þmw iXIw) BWv. 6. A[ymßcmambWw aqe¯nsâ XpS¡¯nse Z£nWmaqÀ¯n h µ\w tIcfob]mc¼cymëkmc amWv. 7.A[ymßmcmambWw aqe¯nsâ BZys¯ tZiy`mjmhnhÀ¯\w Fgp¯ÑtâXmWv . Kpêhnsâ {]IrãIrXn¡v hnizkvXinjy³ Na¨ H¶mwXcw hnhÀ¯\amWXv.

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8. Fgp¯Ñsâ Imew sImÃhÀjw 600 \pw 800 \pw (an¡hmdpw {InkvXz _vZw 15þmw \qäm­v)CSbvs¡¶mWv A\pam\w. cmam\µsâ Imehpw 15þmw \qäm­pXs¶ F¶mWv IW ¡m¡s¸«ncn¡p¶Xv. (P\\w 14þmw \qäm­nsâ Ahkm\ZiI§fn Bhmw.) cmam\µmNmcy\v Fgp¯ Ñs\¡mÄ {]mb¡qSpX D­mbn cp¶p F¶pw h¶m AhÀ Kpcpin jy·mcmbnêì F¶ \nKa\w Xn I¨pw icnbmhpw. cmam\µ³ B{Ô{]tZi ¯p\nt¶m IÀWmSIbn \nt¶m Iminbnse¯nbXmhm³ CSbnÃ: H¶maXv AhnsSsb§pw cmam\µ sâ Kpcphmb cmLhm\µ³ F s¶mcp tbmKn A¡me¯v D­mbn cp¶nÃ; c­maXv AhnsS FÃmw hn injvSmssZzXhpw ssZzXhpw ssZz XmssZzXhpw aäpw {]Ncn¨ncp¶ Im eamWXv. AhnsSsb§pw AssZzX {]NmcI\mb cmam\µ³ BhnÀ` hn¡p¶Xn\pÅ kmlnXy]chpw ZmÀi\nIhpamb ]cntXmhØIÄ D­mbncp¶nÃ. Z£nW`mcX¯n sâ B[nImcnINcn{X¯n sI G \oeIWvTimkv{Xn, cmam\pPs\ bpw a[zmNmcyscbpw hnjvWpkzman sbbpw hÃ`mNmcyscbpw ]änsb Ãmw D]]mZn¡p¶p; AhnsSsb §pw cmLhm\µs\tbm cmam\µ t\tbm Ipdn¨v bmsXmcp ]cmaÀi hpanÃ. CXv A`mhmßIamb Hcp sXfnhv. B Imet¯m AXn\Sp ¯Ime§fntem Xangnepw sXep ¦nepw I¶Ubnepw A[ymßcmam bW¯n\v Hcp XÀPpatbm Bibm \phmZtam A¯c¯nepÅ kzX {´cN\tbm D­mbn«nÃ. {]ikvX cmaIYmaÀaÚ\mb tUm ^mZÀ Iman _pÂt¡ `mcXob cmaIYm cN\Isf¸än hfsc hnkvXcn¨v FgpXnbn«pÅXnsâ `mKambn {Zm hnU`mjIfnep­mb cmambW§ sf¸änbpw cmtam]mJym\§sf¸än bpw {]Xn]mZn¨n«p­v. AXn Xangv cmambWamb I¼cmambWhpw sXep¦pcmambWamb Zzn]Zcmamb Whpw (Zzn]Zsa¶ OµÊn Fgp Xs¸«Xn\memWv Cu t]cv.) I¶ Ubnse tXcth cmambWhpw (tX cth F¶ {]tZis¯ \clcn cNn ¨Xv.) cmaIYsb D]Pohn¨v A ¡me¯p­mb asäÃm cN\Ifpw {][m\ambpw hmÂaoIn cmambW ¯nsâ ASnØm\¯nemsW¶p km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p. Fgp¯Ñ\p

ap³]v aebmf¯n BhnÀ`hn¨ cmaNcnXhpw cmaIY¸m«pw I®È cmambWhpw FÃmw hmÂaoIn bpsS IrXnsb Ahew_nçì. B \nebv¡v Fgp¯Ñ\p hnhÀ¯\w sN¿m³ ]mI¯n A[ymßcm ambWw (aqew) e`n¨Xv B IrXn kz´w Kpêhmb cmam\µkzman IfpsS cN\bmbXn\m¯s¶ bmWv. A¨Snbpw aäp {]kn²oI cW kuIcy§fpw B Ime¯v e`yambncp¶nÃtÃm. bm{XmkuI cy§fpw hfsc ]cnanXambncp¶p. kzmanIÄXs¶ Iminbnse¯n cm a`àn {]NmcWmÀYw A[ymßcm ambWw(aqew) F¶ kz´w cN\ injy³amsc ]Tn¸n¡pIbpw Ah cpsS amXr`mjbn IqSn AXnsâ ktµiw {]Ncn¸n¡m³ Ahsc t{] cn¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. AXn\m emWv XpfkocmambWw XpS§nb A\izcIrXnIÄ BhnÀ`hn¨Xv. XpfkoZmkcmambWw A\izcam bXv tZiy`mjybnembXn\memWv; \nÀKpW`ànbpw kKpW`ànbpw Htc t]mse kzoImcyamsW¶ ZÀ i\w {]Ncn¸n¨v D]mk\m hnjb ¯nep­mbncp¶ AhyhØ Xo À¯v P\§Ä¡v bYmÀYamb kmw kvImcnI t\XrXzw \ÂInbXp sIm­pw. (I_oÀZmkpw Iq«cpw \nÀKpW`àn {]Ncn¸n¨psIm­n cp¶ Imehpw AXpXs¶.) 9. hSt¡ C³Uybn cma`àn¡v Øm\w e`n¡p¶Xv cmam\µkzman AhnsS F¯nbXn\ptijwam{X amWv. At±l¯nsâ {]injy\mb XpfkoZmksâ "am\k'cN\bv¡v apJy Ahew_w A[ymßcm ambWw (aqew) Xs¶. 10. cmam\µmNmcyÀ kwkvIrX¯n epw A¡mes¯ hmcmWknbnse tZi`mjbmb Ah[n (lnµnbpsS Hcp D]`mj)bnepw ]WvUnX\mbn cp¶p. cmjv{S\nÀamWclkyw A dnªncp¶ B {Im´ZÀinbmWv kzinjyÀ¡v tZi`mjIfn cN\ \S¯m³ t{]cW \ÂInbXv. Fgp ¯Ñsâ Imcy¯nepw XpfkoZm ksâ Imcy¯nepsaÃmw CXv kXy ambncp¶ncn¡pw. AÃm¯]£w kwkvIrXw \t¶ hiambnê¶ AhÀ B Ime¯v tZi`mjIfn cN\IÄ \S¯m³ apXncnÃmbn cp¶p. Ah[n`mjbnepw FgpXnbn ê¶ cmam\µkzmanIfpsS Nne IhnXIÄ `àame(`àam þ te \m`mZmkv) bnepw c­p tÇmI§Ä Kpê {KÙkmlºnepw D²cn¨p tNÀ¯n«p­t{X (BNmcyip¢).


teJ\w 11. cmam\µ³ i¦c]c¼cbnse AssZzXnbmbncp¶Xn\m \nÀKp W`ànbpw kKpW`ànbpw At± l¯n\pw injyþ{]injy³amÀçw kzoImcyambncp¶p. 12. i¦c ]c¼cbn am{Xta "ZnKvhnPb'§Ä FgpXp¶ ]Xn hpÅq. cmam\µZnKvhnPbw FgpX s¸«n«p­v. icnbmb AÀY¯n ¯s¶ ZnKvhnPbw \S¯nb alm ]pcpj\mbncp¶tÃm At±lw. 13. Z£nW tZi¯p \n¶v B Ime ¯v F¯nb cmam\µkzmanIÄ kzm`mhnIambn hninjvSmssZzX ¯nt\m AYhm ssZzXz¯nt\m {]m[m\yw \ÂtI­nbncp¶p. t\ tc adn¨v At±lw AssZzXZÀi\ ¯n\mWv {]m[m\yw \ÂInbXv. AXv At±lw tIcfob\mbncp¶ XpsIm­pwIqSn BhWw. AssZzX

¯n\ÃmsX hninjvSmssZzXmZnZÀ i\§Äs¡m¶pw tIcf¯n A\pKmanIÄ D­mbn«nÃ, A¶pw C¶pw. 14. cmam\pPob ]c¼cbnse ssi hcpw sshjvWhcpw X½nep­mbn cp¶ AklnjvWpX cmam\µ` ànZÀi\§fnsem¶pw ImWp ¶nÃ; F¶p Xs¶bÃ, AhÀ X½nepÅ Ielw XoÀ¡Wsa¶ Dt±iyamWv At±l¯n\p­mbn cp¶sX¶v A\pam\n¡mw. Dama tlizckwhmZcq]ambn cmaIY hnhcnçì; cmtaizcs¯ cmasâ inh{]XnjvT hÀWnçIbpw sN ¿pì. tIcf¯nse ssihsshjv Wh ssa{Xn At±ls¯ kzm[o\n ¨ncn¡mw. 15. tIcf¯nse cmLhm\µin jyëw Fgp¯Ñìw aäpw KpêØm

KwKbpsS ZpxJw KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p [m{Xn¡p IpfntcIm³ A½bmw KwtKm{XnX³ iàntXPÊn \n¶pw AfIX³ tbmK¯n lÀj]pfInXbmbv Xpjmc tim`sbt¸m KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. lnam\nbnepWÀ¶pw lnahÂkm\p¡fn X«nbpw XShnbpw \pcbpw ]Xbpambv XpffnbmÀs¯mgpIp¶p ]pWyamarjntIin hnjvWp]ZnbmbnSpw KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. th\enÂ, hÀj§fn t`ZanÃhÄs¡m«pw PetkN\mÀYw _meytNX\bpsS DWÀhn³ Dt·jambv £nXnsb¡pfnÀ¸n¨pw EjnIÄ¡mßmhpambv D¯cm©en³ iàn kncIÄt¡Ins¡m­pw Nne¼n³ \mZt¯msS KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. IuamcNm©m«¯n Hcp Znhy tXPÊn sIm¶¸q¡fpw NqSn

tamllÀjcq]nbmbv D·mZ elcnbm D¯ctZi¯nsâ PohnX{]bmW§þ fpt·jam¡oSphm³ PohnXcà¯nsâ Xnfbv¡p¶pt·jambv im´nX³ {]Imiambv KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. A\pkyqX [mcbm `mcX lrZ´¯n I\Iw hnfªoSm³ lcnZzmdn\plÀjw \ÂIphm\mbns¡m­pw KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. ]c{_Òcq]nWn {]IrXnX¶wiambv KwKX³ L«§fn {]Wha{´§fm Aánsb Pzen¸n¨pw BcXnbpgnªoSpw ssk²m´nIXz¯nsâ iànX³ kzcq]ambv apànsb {]m]n¡phm³ KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. P·km^ey¯nsâ c£sb Im¯oSphm³ tZhXm \ntbmKambv KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p. Ipcpt£{X bp²¯nÂ

\obëamb alm³ cmam\µmNm cy³ F¶dnbs¸«p; Hu¯cml \mb almt\m cmam\µ³ Fìw. Kpêkm[mcWamb "BNmcy' ]Zhn ç]Icw k\ymkm{itamNnXamb "B\µ³' F¶ D]m[n Cu c­p t]êIfnepw kmam\yamWv Ah c­pw ædnç¶Xv Hcmsf¯s¶ F¶v CXnÂ\nìIqSn hyà amhpì. 16. A[ymßcmambW¯n hÀWn ç¶ ]©hSnbn tIcf¯nse ¹mhpÄs¸sS ]e ^ehr£§fp ap­v: KwKmbmx D¯tc XtS IZw _]\km{amZn ^ehr£kamæte ( KwK = tKmZmhcn, KuXan; IZw_w = IS¼v, ]\kw = ¹mhv, B{aw = amhv). CXpw {KÙImc³ tIcfo b\mIbm¯s¶. (XpSêw)

IhnX Fw ]n D®n¯m³

]p{Xsâ ZuÀ`mKy¯n DcpIpw a\Ênsâþ cu{Zamw `mht¯msS IcIÄ hngp§pt¼mÄ iwsJmen apg§p¶p ic¯n³ Xo\mf§Ä hngp§m³ {ian¡p¶p an¶en CSn\mZw amsämens¡¯oSpt¼mÄ Nne¼n³ \mZt¯msS XmWvUhw \S¯p¶p. aÀXy\neS§m¯ ]m]`mchpw t]dn _wKmf´cwK¯nþ emgnbn ebn¡p¶p. IncmXÀ ho­pw P\nþ ¨{Iaw \S¯pt¼mÄ Im©\taml¯nsâ amen\ysamgpIp¶p; KwKX³ Xoc§fn tXcpIfpcpfp¶p; lr¯S§fn ho­pw I_Ôt¯ÀhmgvNIÄ `mhnbn \mi¯nsâ timWna ]IÀt¶In Icbm³ Ignbms¯mþ cmßs\m¼ct¯msS t£mWnX³ aSn¯«n KwKbmsdmgpIp¶p.

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IS¯\mSnsâ IY Ip«nIrjvW³ \mcmbW\Kcw

\

½psS PohNcn{X kmlnXy ¯nsâ BZym¦pcamWv hS ¡³ ]m«pIÄ. c­p {]ikvX Xd hmSpIfmb ]p¯qcwhoSns\bpw Xt¨mfnamWnt¡m¯ns\bpw Ipdn ¨pff ]m«pIfmWv CXntesdbpw. hSIcbv¡Sp¯pff ]p¯qÀ F¶ {Kma¯nemWv ]p¯qcwhoSnsâ BcqVw. \o­p\o­pInS¡p¶ ]p ¯qcw ]mS§fpsS Hmcw ]än DbÀ ¶pImé¶ Cu XdhmSnsâ ASn ¯dbpw Hcp aWn¡nWdpw am{Xta C¶hnsS Ahtijn¸pffq. \mep sI«pw \Spapähpsams¡bp­mbn cp¶ B XdhmSnsâ bYmÀY t]cv Xt¨mfnsNë³ F¶mbncp¶ph t{X. Cu Øew ssIhiw h¨psIm ­ncn¡p¶ IpSpw_¯nse ImcW hcn \n¶p e`n¨ ASnbm[mc¯n epw CtX t]cpXs¶bmWpffXv. A¶p ssIbq¡pw Imcytijn bpapff \mÂ]tXmfw \m«p{]amWn IfmWv IS¯\m«nse PohnXw \nb{´n¨ncp¶Xv. Cu \mÂ]Xp XdhmSpIfn \mb·mÀ¡p ]pdta Xn¿À (Xt¨mfn Ip¦³, ItÃcn tNc³), ]Wn¡À (Icpht©cn F½³ ]Wn¡À), apÉo§Ä (Ic sI«nam¸nfamÀ), lcnP³ (tXhÀ hffph³) apXemb CXckapZmb §fnÂs¸« AXnk¼¶cmb A `ymknIfpw DÄs¸«ncp¶p F¶ k Xyw Hcp Ncn{XImc\pw tcJs¸Sp ¯n¡mWp¶nÃ. C¶p `£W¯n emsW¦n A¶p Ncn{X¯nepw ambw tNÀ¯p F¶p kmcw.

Xt¨mfnsNë·mÀ Cu IpSpw_§fn Xt¨mfnsNà «·mÀ t]scSp¯ A`ymknIfmbn cp¶p. Ifcnbmbncp¶p ChcpsS ]cnioe\tI{µw. A¶p ]Wn¡sc ¶pw Ipdps¸¶pw Øm\t¸cpff Ifcn Kpcp¡·mÀ IS¯\m«n [m cmfambp­mbncp¶p. Ifcn Kpcp¡ ·mcmb \mbscbpw Xn¿scbpw AhcpsS ]mSha\pkcn¨p Ifcn ¡pdp¸v, Ifcn¸Wn¡À Fs¶ms¡ Øm\t¸À \ÂInbncp¶p. aq¶p hbÊn apSnbnd¡n A©phb Ên ImXpIp¯n GgphbÊn Fgp¯n\ncp¯n A£chnZybpw Bbp[m`ymkhpw ]Tn¸n¡p¶ k {¼ZmbamWv A¶p­mbncp¶Xv. hmÄ, ]cnN, A¼v, hnÃv, Ddpan,

32

Infn-¸m«v

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]p¯qcw hoSv Ip´w F¶o Bbp[§fmWv i{Xp ¡sf FXnÀ¡p¶Xn\pw AhcpsS B{IaWw XSbp¶Xn¶pambn D] tbmKn¨ncp¶Xv. Cu Bbp[§fn ]cnioe\w ]qÀ¯nbmbm Hmtcm bphmhpw ]Xnhpff ImWn¡bp ambn \mSphmgnsb sN¶pImWpw. \mSphmgn Bbp[m`ymknsb {]mtZ inI ssk\y¯n AwKam¡p Ibpw AXnsâ A[nImcsa¶ \ne bn HcpShmÄ k½m\n¡pIbpw sN¿pw. A¶p apX \mSphmgn bpsS sNdnb ]SbmfnItfmSp tNÀ ¶p ]Ssh«m³ AbmÄ _m[yØ \mIp¶p. ]SbmfnIfn `qcn]£ hpw \mb·mcmsW¦nepw Xn¿cpw ap¡ph·mcpw ]ch·mcpw apÉo§ fpw Cu tk\bnep­mIpw. ]Xns\«mw \qäm­nsâ XpS¡w IS¯\mSv cmPhwi¯nsâ kphÀ WImeL«ambncp¶p F¶v {^©v Ncn{XImc·mÀ tcJs¸Sp¯nbn «p­v. AXniàamb Hcp tk\m hyqlwXs¶ A¶p cmPmhn\p Iogn ep­mbncp¶pht{X. A¶s¯ Nm thÀ ]SbmfnIfpsS A[n]\mbn cp¶p ]¿\mS³ NncpIWvT³ \ ¼ymÀ F¶ Nn§³\¼ymÀ. hnizkv X\mb Hcp tkhI³ IqSnbmb \ ¼ymÀ¡p cmPmhv IÂ]n¨p \ Inb t]cmWv "NncpIWvT³ tkh I³-' (P\§Ä¡v "I®¨³ tNh IÀ'). A¶p apX Nn­³\¼ym cpsS IpSpw_w tNtImÀ (tkhIÀ) IpSpw_w F¶ t]cnednbs¸«p. A ÃmsX tNtIm·mÀ Fs¶mcp PmXn ChnsS \nehnep­mbncp¶nÃ. CuIme¯pXs¶bmWv IS¯ \mSv hoc³ Xt¨mfn HtX\³ Xsâ A`ymk]mShwsIm­v D¯ctIc fw apgph³ tIfn tI«Xv. Gsd ssh ImsX IS¯\m«p cmPhwi¯n\pw tIm«bw cmPhwi¯n\pw AhcpsS Iognepff \m«pcmPy§fn \n¶p ]Xnhp]m«w ]ncnhn\pff (\nIpXn) A[nImcw HtX\\n \n£n]vX ambn. ]p¯cn A¦w HcpZnhkw HtX\\pw hnizkvX klImcn I­mt¨cn Nm¸\pw hf

bw F¶ {Kma¯n IqSn ]m«w ]ncn hn\pt]mbn Xncn¨phcp¶ hgn Hcp hbÂhc¼¯v sh¨p Nn­³\ ¼ymsc I­pap«pIbpw ""H¶pw c­pw ]dªp'' X½nenSbpIbpw AsXmc¦¯n Iemin¡pIbpw sNbvXp. a¿gn IfcnbnÂsh¨pff HtX\sâ B ]p¯cn A¦¯n Nn­³\¼ymÀ ]cmPbs¸s«¦nepw (B A¦¯n Nn­³\¼ymsc HtX\³ \njvIcpWw h[n¨p F¶v IS¯\mSp am[hnb½ "Xt¨mfnH tX\³' F¶ Xsâ ]pkvXI¯n FgpXnbXv XetÈcn `mK§fn \n¶p tiJcn¨ \mS³]m«ns\ B {ibn¨XpsIm­mbncn¡Ww. Imc Ww X§fpsS BØm\ Kpcp¡ fmb IXncqÀ Kpcp¡sf HtX\³ h[n¨Xnsâ t]cn AhÀ ]mSn \S¶ \m«n¸m«pIfn ]teS¯pw HtX\s\ Hcp amS¼nbpw h©I \pambn«mWv Nn{XoIcn¨n«pÅXv.) A¡me¯v ]p¯cnA¦¯n FXncmfnsb Ignbp¶Xpw h[n¡m sX am¸p ]dbn¡pIbmWv ]Xnhv. F¶m Nn­³\¼ymscs¡m­v HtX\³ am¸p ]dbn¨nà F¶p am {Xaà B [oc\mb t]mcmfnbpsS sabvhg¡¯nepw NSpeamb Nph Spshbv¸pIfnepw BIrjvS\mb HtX\³ Xsâ GIktlmZcn D®n ¨mdsb \¼ymÀ¡p hnhmlw Ign¨p sImSp¡pIbpamWp­mbXv. ]p¯qcw hoSnsâ IY GXm­v Cu ImeL«¯n¯s¶ bmWv IS¯\mSnsâ Ing¡\XnÀ ¯nbmb Ffa¶qÀ tZiw `cn¨n ê¶ tateaTw hmgp¶hcpsS aIÄ Ipªn¡¶nsb hb\mS³ tIfp F¶ Im«pcmPmhv X«ns¡m­pt]m bXpw hnhcadnªp hb\m«nse ¯nb Xt¨mfn HtX\³ bmsXmcp t]mdepta¡msX Ipªn¡¶n sb ho­psIm­ph¶Xpw. tateaTw tImhneIw ]d¼nsâ ]mXn `mKn¨v AhnsS F«psI«pw ]SImfnapähpw Ifcnbpw ]Wnbn¨v HtX\\p Zm\ambn \ÂIn hmgp t¶mÀ. HtX\\mIt« Xsâ ]p¯q cnepff ]qÀhnI XdhmSns\ A\p


IS¯\mSnsâ IY

]p¯qcw ]d¼nsâ AcnIpZriyw

kvacn¨psIm­v Cu F«psI«n\p ]p¯qcwhoSv F¶p \maIcWw sN ¿pIbpw AXv Xsâ t\Às]§Ä D®n¨mdbv¡p XosdgpXns¡mSp¡p Ibpw sNbvXp. CXmWp ]p¯qcw hoSnsâ IY. Cu {]ikvX XdhmSns\ ]än ]p¯qcw]m«n hnhcn¡p¶Xv tIÄ¡pI: sN¶tÃmÀ sImÃw ]SnIS¶p, cmhmcn tZi¯pw sN¶nd§n, \mK]pc¯tÃm \çmSn, A§mSnbXnsâ \Sbn IqSn, A§mSn Xs¶bnSIS¶p, Icn¼\t¯m«w IS¶hsc AhnS¶pw t\sc hSt¡mt«¡p,

sNmt¯md sI«nb sX§n³tXm«w, ASbv ¡ ]gpXpffn Ihp§n³ tXm«w Cu hIsbÃmw IS¶hcpw AhnS¶p t\tc hSt¡mt«¡v ]p¯qcw ]mS¯pw sN¶nd§n, hmcnbs¯ ho«n Xncpsa sN¶v ]Snbpw ]Sn¸pcbnSIS¶v, aWvUIapä¯v sN¶nd§n. ISt¯\mÀ \mSpw Ings¡bäw, ]p¯qcw]mSw ]SnªmänSw, Ffa¶qÀ \msSmcp \msSÃmsW, At¸mÄ ]dbp¶p hmgpt¶mcpw, hoSn¶Sbmfw sNmÃn¯mtbm, F¶mse tIt«mfn³ hmgpt¶msc, Ings¡`mK¯v CÃamsW,

AhXmcnIIÄ, AhXmcnIIÄ sNdpIYmIr¯v, t\mhenÌv, hnaÀ iI³, C³Uy\nw¥ojv Ihn XpS §nb \neIfn {]ikvX\mb Pn F³ ]Wn¡cpsS Ncn{X{]m[m\y apff ]pXnb IrXn. Ignª ImÂi Xm_vZ¡me¯n\nSbv¡v ]Wn¡À FgpXnb 52 AhXmcnIIÄ þ ap¸ ¯nsb«v aebmfw ]pkvXI§Ä ¡pw ]Xn\mev Cw¥ojv ]pkvXI§ Ä¡pw. sI sI Ip©p]nff, _mecma ]pcw Pn cma³]nff, sI IcpWmI c³, kn hn B\µt_mkv XpS§nb hcpsS PohNcn{X§Ä. ZkvXtbhv kvIn (XÀPa), amXyp s\Ãn¡p¶v, ssh. aWnemÂ, CShmjp¡qÀ, knÂhn shff\mSv, kn tKmhnµ³ XpS§nbhcpsS t\mhepIÄ, \o\ ]\bv¡Â, hn Fkv hnPbtaml \³, IrjvWthWn ]ß\m`³ XpS §nbhcpsS sNdpIYm kamlmc §Ä, kn ZnhmIcsâ "\nd§fpsS ssN\bn \n¶v', FgpaäqÀ Icp

WmIcsâ "k¼qÀW IrXnIÄ', s{]m^ tUm jmPn {]`mIc³, ae bme¸pg kp[³ XpS§nbhcpsS teJ\kamlmc§Ä, \oe ]ß\m `sâ Cw¥ojv teJ\kamlmcw, Pkn´m tamdnkv, dp_oe, Zo]m \mbÀ þ \¼ymÀ XpS§nbhcpsS Cw¥ojv IhnXmkamlmc§Ä þ A§s\52 ]pkvXI§Ä. ]Wn¡ cpsS BßIYmkv]Àiapff Ht« sd ]cmaÀi§fpap­v AhXmcnI IfnÂ. {KÙ§sfbpw {KÙImc ·mscbpw Bg¯n ]Tn¨ncn¡pI bmWv ]Wn¡À Hmtcm AhXmcnI bnepw. Cu ]pkvXI¯nsâ {]kn²oI cWt¯mSpIqSn ]Wn¡À AhXm cnIIÄ FgpXp¶Xpw \ndp¯n, 1995  sNdpIY Fgp¯p\ndp¯nbXp t]mse. Ccp]¯nc­v hÀj§Ä ¡pap¼v (1990) XpS§nb Xsâ "{]Zo ]vXn {]ntâgvkv' F¶ seäÀ {]kv Cu ]pkvXI¯nsâ A¨Sn Ignbp

t\tc sXt¡Xv hmcnbamsW, t\tc ]Snªmdv A´ÀhoSpw, t\tc hSt¡Xv shfpt¯S\pw, ]p¯\mbv XoÀ¯ ]Sn¸pcbpw, Ip½mbw tX¨Xn Nn{Xsagp¯pw, ]Sn¸pc Ibdn IS¶psN¶m \mSIimebn sN¶nd§pw, AXn¶cnsIbp­v Iq¯pamSw, Iq¯vamS¯n Iq¯m«hpw, ]Snªmdp ]pd¯p­v ssZh¸me, Cuim\t¡mWn aWn¡nWdpw, I¶ncminbn tXmSpIpfhpw, Ing¡p]pd¯p­v Icn¼\bpw, IÂsI«n Npäpw hfÀ¯o«p­v. shff¡cn¼\ tamfnseÃmw \mKhpw `qXhpancn¸p­sÃm. sX¡p]pd¯p­v s\Sp¦fcn, A¦¡fcnsb¶ IfcnbmsW, AXnep­v \mKhpw ssZh¯mdpw. hoSn¶Sbmfw sNmÃn¯mtbm? F¶mtem tIt«mfn³ hmgpt¶msc, F«psI«pw \à Fgp¯dbpw \mÂsI«pw \à \Spapähpw. taeqcnSw hmgpt¶mÀ aq¸nff XÀ¡w XoÀ¡m³ ImX§Ä Xm­n ]p¯qcw ho«pImsc At\zjn¨p\ S¡pt¼mÄ hgnbn I­ ]mW³ ]p¯qcwhoSv F¶ almku[s¯ ¸än hnhcn¨psImSp¡p¶ `mKamWv ta hnhcn¨Xv. ASp¯e¡¯n Btcma tNhIcpw D®nbmÀ¨bpw

hmb\imebnÂ

¶tXmSpIqSn \ndp¯p¶ Imcyhpw ]Wn¡À hyàam¡p¶p "]n¶pc' bnÂ. AhXmcnIIÄ, AhXmcnIIÄ Pn F³ ]Wn¡À {]km-[-IÀ : {]`mXv _p¡v lukv, Xncph\´]pcw, hne : 240 cq].

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IY hÀ¡e {ioIpamÀ

\m

tSmSn¡mänse K^qÀ ¡sbt¸mse IqÀ¯ ap Jhpw saenª icoc{]IrXnbpw hSt¡ ae_mÀ ÉmwKnepff kw kmccoXnIfpw B IffNncnbpsam s¡ AtX]Sn H¸nsbSp¯ asämcp IYm]m{Xambncp¶p JmZÀ¡. ""]¯p dp]y amk_mSbv¡v Cu _w_bv \cI¯n R½sf s]m tcsâ amZvcn AZmbvZv Hmwen Aäv tamkv^nbdnemcm­m A\¡v_vsS dqw sXcz?'' JmZÀ¡ K^qÀ¡ tamUen hnShv hoW \of³ ]ÃpIÄ s]m´n ¨v Hcp Nncn ]mkm¡n. apl½Zmen tdmUn \n¶pw AbmÄs¡m¸w CSt¯ Kenbnte¡v Xncnbpt¼mÄ tImgnt¡ms« anTmbns¯cphnem tWm F¯ns¸«sX¶v Hcp\nanjw kwibn¨p. ssIbnÃm¯ _\nb \pw Iffnap­papSp¯ NneÀ ae bmfw kwkmcn¨psIm­v FXnsc IS¶pt]mbn. KenbpsS Ccphi§fnepw HmSp taª ]oSnIIfmWv. s]m¡w Ipd ª ]oSnIIfmWm[nIhpw. tlm« epIfpsSbpw A\mXn¸oSnIIfpsS bpsams¡ t_mÀUpIfn Cw¥o jn\pw DÀZphn\pw ]pdsa aebmf hpw FgpXnh¨n«p­v. sam¯¯n Hcp tIcfmsÌÂ. ""C¡­ Keoâ¸pd¯mWv _q anse ]dpZok. Im½m«n¸pcm¶v tI«n¡vWmPv? ½sS Ãm tkävknse c­ot\w BsS In«pw.'' JmZÀ¡ ]ÃpIÄ apgph\pw ]pd ¯v Im«n C¡nfns¸Sp¯pwt]mse Nncn¨pIpgªp. ""F´mWo c­nsb¶p h¨mÂ?'' ""AXnPv C¸fdo­. c­okw I ¿p¼w N§mbnamcs¶ sImt­mbn Im«n¯cpw.'' JmZÀ¡ I®ndp¡n. Hcp A\m Xn¸oSnIbnte¡v Ibdns¨¶n«v Jm ZÀ¡ Dds¡ hnfn¨p. ""tamt\hm¸qt«y, ]tl³ CtZ sSt¸mbv a¿¯mbn¡vWv?'' apjnª ap­pam{XapSp¯ Hcp bphmhv Acn¨m¡pIÄ¡nSbn \n¶pw sasà Xe s]m´n¨p ]pd t¯¡p h¶p. Npcp­ apSnbpff kpµc³. sÌe³ Nncn, henb I®p IÄ, I«n ]pcnIw. ""AkvemapAsse¡pw tams\. CZv kpZmcw\mbcv. aq¸cv \m«o¶v

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Ia¯v _¶nä[nImembnäney. ½sS Bfm. Be¸p¿m Hmsâ cmNyw. CZv hm¸q «n. tamt\hm¸qt«y ÖoN§mbo¶v Hcp ]p¸mb sImSp¡n.'' apdnbpsS Xmt¡men\p ]Icw AhnsS ]p¸mbmWv. hm¸q«n hoXn Ipdª HcmÄ¡v InS¡m³ ]mI¯nepff Hcp ]msbSp¯p Np cp«n anTmbn `cWnIfpsS apIfn h¨p. ""§s¡´m ªow ta­y¶z¨m esZms¡ ta§nt¡mfo. shà tkm ¸nsâ s]mtSym {_tÈm knkvÀ^n Âätdm. Zn§sf kz´w ]oSym¶ s¶ IcpZnt¡mfo, t´bv?'' AXymhiy¯n\pffsXms¡ hm§n t]gvkv Xpd¶t¸mÄ temUv Pv hmSIbpw tNÀ¯v cm{Xn h¶p hm§ns¡mffmsa¶p ISbpSa Adn bn¨p. JmZÀ¡ ]dªp : N§mbow §sSIqS¯¶ym cm¯ncoÂ. ]oSnIIÄs¡Ãmw hfsctbsd ]g¡ap­v. HmSpIsfms¡ ]mb Ibdn Idp¯p t]mbncn¡p¶p. ]e bnS¯pw HmSpIÄ s]m«n CfInbn «p­v. XSn¯c§fpsS \ocphän _ e£btaäncn¡p¶p. NpacpIfn shff tX¨n«v Ime§fmb a«v. AhnSw apgph\pw `wKnbnÃm¯ ssI¸Sbn Icn¡«sIm­pff IW¡p Iq«epIfmWv. Kplt]mepff Hcp henb Ad ¡p ap¶n JmZÀ¡ \n¶p. D½d ¯v ]¯mbw t]msemcp XSns¸«n. AXnsâ ]pdInen« _©nencp¶p sIm­v HcmÄ s]«n Xpd¶v Fs´m s¡tbm FSp¡pIbpw hbv¡pI bpw sN¿p¶p­v. XeapSn apgph\pw \c¨v Adp]Xn\papIfn {]mbw hcpw. \à Nph¸p\ndw. AbmfpsS ssIbn dmtUm hm¨pw \mep hnc epIfn tamXnc§fpap­mbncp ¶p. hne IqSnb ap­pw jÀ«pw XpÀ ¡nsXm¸nbpw. ap´nb A¯dnsâ aWw. AbmÄ tIÄ¡msX JmZ À¡ sNhnbn ]dªp. ""CZmWv R½sf kvaKvfÀ sNdn bm¸p¡, sImt­m«n¡mc\m aq¸cv. Hmepw CusS¯¶ym ]Kev apt¿m

\pw. _w_bn h¶näv Abv¼Zv sImÃmbn. BPoakvXm\pw ZmhqZv C{_mbo\qs¡ Hmsâ tZmkvX½m cm. ]t¨¦n Ct¶w C§tfw t]m es¯ Aep¡pep¯v a\nk½msc ¡­m sXmffsXmd¶v Iam¶v c­ ¨cw ap­qe lnamdv. ]St¨mtâm


IY tcm Xte_tc¶v Iq«n¡mfo.'' sNdnbm¸p¡ XebpbÀ¯msX Xsâ {]hr¯nbn hym]rX\mbn. BÄ anX`mjnbmsW¶p tXm¶p ¶p. Kenbn ]ecpw Abmsf I­v Hm¨m\n¨v ]n¶m¡w amdnbmWv \S ¡p¶Xv. ]t£ AbmÄ AsXm¶pw I­Xmbn `mhn¡p¶tXbnÃ. ]n s¶ Ìoen Igp¯p\o­ sN¼p ]q«n«v s]«nbS¨p. ]¯mbs¸«n bpsS Øm\w Ignªm IjvSn¨v HcmÄ¡p \S¡m\pff CStabpffq. AXneqsSbmWv AIt¯¡pff hgn. IpSpkmb Hcp \o­ CS\mgn t]msebmWXv. hnhn[ {]mb¯n epff Ipsd a\pjyPohnIÄ. F®n bm \qtdmfw hcpw. Ccphi§fn epapff NpacpIfn NmcnbmWn cn¸v. _m¡nbpffhÀ hgnhn«v Xe §s\bpw hne§s\bpw Ip¯nbn cn¡p¶p. NnecpsSsbms¡ aSnbn Xpd¶p h¨ s]«nIÄ. s]«n¡p ffn Nmcnh¨ sNdnb I®mSnbn t\m¡n £ucw sN¿p¶hcpw Xe apSn NoIp¶hcpw apJ¡pcp s]m«n ¡p¶hcpap­v. NneÀ Is¯gp Xp¶p. amknIIÄ hmbn¡p¶p. \m «phÀ¯am\§Ä ssIamdp¶p. \new apgph³ hncn¨n« ]p¸mbI fmWv. NpacpIÄ¡v apIfnepff I¼n sXfnbmdmb knaâ v X«pI fn \ndsb s]«nIfpw FbÀ_mKp Ifpw Ip¯n XncpInbn«p­v. sIm XpInsâ Hcp ]S Xs¶ aqfn¸d ¡p¶p. CS¡mtcm hen¡p¶ knK cänsâ aWw. sIm¡ns¡m¡nbpff I^s¡«pdª Ipct]mes¯ Npa. RmbdmgvNbmbXv sIm­v At´hmknIsfÃmw Np«nbnemWv. ""Cbnän§sfms¡¸msS As¶ t¸mse KÄ^n ]pKm³ h¶v kqbn¸mbnt¸mtbmcm tams\.'' JmZÀ¡ HmÀan¸n¨p. F{X Xnc ªn«pw iq\yamb HcnSw AXn\I ¯v _m¡n I­nÃ. CXn\I¯p Xmakn¡p¶Xn\p hmSI Ct§m«p XcWw. shdpsXbà {]Xnamkw \nkmcamb shdpw ]¯v cq] hm SI. izmksam¶p t\tc hnSWsa ¦n ap¶n¡mWp¶ tdmUnte ¡nd§n \n¡Ww. CXn\I¯v InS¶m Ffp¸w acWw ImtW ­n hcpsa¶bmÄ¡ptXm¶n. ""Ft´ tamt\Hcp In\mhv ImWpw amZvcn?'' ""Aà JmZÀ¡ cmhnse I¡qkn t¸mIm\pw Ipfn¡m\psams¡?'' JmZÀ¡ lmfnsâ At§¯e ¡te¡v hnc Nq­n. ]Iepw Ahn sS CcpÄNqgv¶p \n¡p¶p. Is®

¯mZqc¯v Hcp sNdnb XIchm Xn Ahyàambn I­p. ""kp_vln \akvImc¯n\v ap t¶ HW¶m A\¡v Ipfnt¡w k ­mkn¸ptKw sN¿mw. Bdp aWn ¡pffn kItemw Ibn¨nem¡n t¡mWw. AXp Ibnªm tamt\] ¨s_ffw In«qem. Abn\pw _bn ­v. Cu Keot½¯s¶ Hcp dp]y sImSp¯m Iqkembnäv Xqdmw. c­p dpt]y\v IpfnbvtIzw sN¿mw. t´bv?'' JmZÀ¡ ]ÃpIÄ apgph³ ]pd ¯pIm«n Dds¡ Nncn¨p. AXÂ]w t\cw \o­pt]mbn. ""\mkvtXw e©ps¡ hm¸q«o sâ _m¸ Dkvam\n¡msS Hm«eo¶p aXn. dbvam\nb aq¸scS kz´w Hm«em. ]¯ncp¶qäbv¼Zv sImÃw ]b¡­v. hm¸q«nsâ D¸p¸ tImbm k³ lmPosâ Imet¯ffZm. \à Abv¡pd samfIn«p _¨Xv kvs] i In«pw BsS. ½sS tImbnt¡m «mcm aptbm\pw ]Wn¡mcv.'' BsI¸msS Hcp a\w aSp¸v. Znh kw Ccp¶qdpcq] hmSIbpff ^u ­\nse a¡m\n KÌv lukn \n¶mWv Cu Nmfbnte¡pff IpSn bnd¡w. hnk Xcmsa¶p ]dªp Iq«ns¡m­p h¶ GPâ v ap§nb t¸mÄ tlm«epSa Cd¡nhn«p. A¶w ap«nbn«v Nnehp Ipdª Xma kkuIcyw tXSnbnd§nbXmWv. sN¶ps]«Xv t{_m¡À JmZÀ¡bp sS ap¶nÂ. CXn\Is¯§s\bmWv Ign bpI. ]cnNbapff Hcp apJw t]m epanÃ. `qcn]£hpw apÉo§fmWv. ae¸pd¯pw tImgnt¡mSpw ImkÀ tKm«papffhÀ. `mj Xs¶ Ffp¸w a\ÊnemInÃ. ""_eXpIm sh¨v Aâp½m t\w hm¸mt\w a\kn_nPmcn¨v IqSnbvt¡m tamt\.'' t{_m¡À ^okpw hm§n Ddpam seSp¯v ]ncn¨p XebnÂsI«n ap­nsâ tIm´mebpw ]nSn¨v B Iff¨ncnbpambn Kenbn adbp¶ Xn\p ap³]v JmZÀ¡ hnfn¨p ]d ªp. ""ASp¯mbvN R½fv _cmw tamt\.'' ka{]mb¡mc\mb Hcph³ h ¶p tZl¯p sXm«p. ]cnNbapff Xp t]mse apJ¯pt\m¡n Hcp Nncn. Iffnap­mWv thjw. AXv CSXphiw tNÀ¯pSp¯ncn¡p¶p. Ip¸mbanÃ, acp`qant]mse Xcn imb s\©v, aoibpsS Øm\¯v \\p¯ sN¼³ tcma§Ä. Ac ssk{XW`mhw. kpdpa FgpXnb

t]mes¯ I®pIÄ. ""t´bv Hcmtemk\!'' ""H¶qÃ.'' ""_co.'' Ahsâ t]cv A_q_¡sd ¶mWv. IpäymSnbmWv kztZisa¶p ]dªp. sSbneÀ hnkbn KÄ ^n t]mIm³ h¶XmWv. c­p hÀ jambn ]WhpanÃ. ]mkvt]mÀ«p anÃ. Xp¶Â¸Wnbdnbmhp¶Xp sIm­v hncmdnse Hcp KmÀsa³kv I¼\nbn tPmen Xcs¸«p. A_q _¡À Ahsâ Ncn{Xw ]dªp sImt­bncp¶p. Ahsâ Ccn¸nS¯n\Sp¯mbn hfsc {]bmks¸«v IjvSn¨ncn ¡m³ HcnSsam¸n¨p. _mKv Ah³ Xs¶ hm§n apIfnes¯ tem UnMv Ém_n XncpIn¡bän. Ahn sSbpw Øe]cnanXnbp­v. etK Ppw a\pjycpw ]ckv]cw ap«nbpcp ½nbmWhnsS Pohn¡p¶Xv. Poh \pffXpw CÃm¯Xpw X½nepff sFIyt_m[w. RmbdmgvN HgnsIbpff Znhk §fn ]I apgph\pw apdnbn Bfp Ipdhmbncn¡pw. FÃmt]À ¡pw Hmtcm sXmgnep­v. H³]Xpa Wn¡p ap³t] Ahscms¡ Øew hnSpw. At¸mgmWv hnimeambn s«m¶p \Sp\nhÀ¡pI. ]WnbnÃm ¯hÀ Xm\pw Xs¶t¸mse H¶pc ­pt]cpw. FÃmhcpw sX¡·mÀ. t_mws_bn h¶n«nt¸mÄ Hcp hÀjhpw ]Xns\«v Znhkhpw XnIbp¶p. A_q_¡dpambn ASp¯p ]cn Nbs¸«p. kvt\lapffh\mWv. B Ä¡p c­p Zqjy§tfbpffq. Hcp t\chpw B \mhv AS§nbncn¡nÃ. sNdnb Imcy§Ät]mepw AXni tbmàn tbmsSbmWv Ah³ Ah Xcn¸n¡mdv. ^pÄtÌm¸nÃmsX F t¸mgpw Fs´¦nepw hfmhfm Dcp hn«psIm­ncn¡pw. ]ns¶ s]mSn hen, Znhkw Ac¡ntem aq¡ns¸m SnthWw aq¸À¡v. Xosc ]Tn¸nÃ. IeymWw IgnªXnsâ Ggmw] ¡w t_mws_bnte¡p h­n Ibdn. CXphsc \m«nte¡p Xncn ¨pt]mIm\mbnÃ. ASp¯ s]cp\m fns\¦nepw \m«n t]mIWw. AXn te¡mbn Ipd¨p ]Wap­m¡m \pff s\t«m«¯nemWv A_p. Znh khpw tPmen Ignªmepw c­p aWn¡qsd¦nepw HmhÀssSw sN ¿pw. CXpt]mse FÃp apdnsb ]WnsbSp¡p¶ Bbnc¡W¡n\p ae_mdpImÀ t_mws_bnep­v. ho«nte¡pff I¯n A{U sÊgpXns¡m­ncn¡pt¼mgmWv

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IY Hcneâpambn A_q_¡À ASp ¯ph¶ncp¶Xv. ""F´m A_q?'' ]XnhnÃm¯XpsIm­p tNm Zn¨p. ""R½¡v Fbp¯pw _mbt\w Xotcw Adnbqe. sâ sIt«ymÄ s¡mcp Is¯bpZWw. R½sf _n _c§fdnbm­v Hmf_vsS¡nS¶v Ibdv s]m«n¡n­mhpw.'' A_phnsâ C³eân Øe hpw XobXnbpsagpXn¡gnªt¸m Ä Ah³ ]dbm³ XpS§n. ""R½¡v Ft{Xw {]nbapff sâ ]p¶mc _ohn Bbnim _mbn¨dn bm³ Asâ sIt«ym³ HuÆ¡dv FbpXp¶Xv. IbnªmbvN A\¡p I¯bv¨m³ I¿m¯Xn R½¡v s]cp¯v s_isam­v. FbpXm\dn bmhp¶ ]tl\ns¡ms¡ _ey ]{Xmkm. Hmtew Imt¯m­ncp¶m A\s¡bp¯v \S¡qem.'' CSs¡m¶p \nÀ¯nbn«v A_p I¯nte¡v Dfnªpt\m¡n. Ah s\t´m kwibwt]mse. ""F´m A_q \nÀ¯n¡f ªXv?'' ""Pv FbpXn¡bntªm¶dn bm\m.'' A_p XpSÀ¶p. ""sâ _ntksâ Imcy§sfms¡ ¸msS sImbªv adntª¡nWv. As¶¡mWm¯ s_kvta R½ ¡pffq. KÂ_v t_Pmdm¡m­v Ö_vsS kt´mkmbnäv I¿Ww. F\¡v_vsS ]Wosâ sXc¡m. A\¡pw Aâ_m¸¡pw D½m¡pw s]cp¯v skmIw Xs¶¶v _nkm cn¡Wv. D½.'' A_p {hofmhnhibmb Hcp s] ¬Ip«nsbt¸mse IpWp§n¨ncn ¨psIm­v ]dªp. ""F¶v AâamXvcw ]pbm¹, HuÆ¡dv.'' AbnjbpsS As{UsÊgpXnb Hcp ]gb Xp­pISemkv `{Zambn s]«nbn \n¶v ]pds¯Sp¯v ap³ ]n h¨n«v A_q_¡À Fgpt¶äp. hnemksagpXn¡gnªt¸mÄ B hn ]d¡p¶ Nmbbpw ]mhv_mPn bpambn A_q_¡À ap¼nep­v. ""CsXm¶pw th­mbncp¶tÃm A_q.'' ""sâmcp kt´mk¯n\v.'' c­mgvNbnsemcn¡Â A_q_ ¡dnsâ _ohn Abnj¡pth­n I s¯gpXn. FÃm I¯nepw hnjb hpw At\zmjW§fpw hmNIhpw H¶pXs¶. apdnbn Xmakn¡p¶ Fgp¯ dnbm¯hscms¡ X§fpsS hoSpI

36

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2013

AbnjbpsS As{UsÊgpXnb Hcp ]gb Xp­pISemkv `{Zambn s]«nbn \n¶v ]pds¯Sp¯v ap³]n h¨n«v A_q_¡À Fgpt¶äp. hnemksagpXn¡gnªt¸mÄ Bhn ]d¡p¶ Nmbbpw ]mhv_mPnbpambn A_q_¡À ap¼nep­v. fnte¡p Is¯gpXm\mbn `hyX tbmsS ap¶n h¶ncn¡pw. Is¯ gpXn¡gnbpt¼mÄ Ahcpw Nmb tbm DutWm kn\nam Sn¡täm Hcp amks¯ apdnhmSItbm Hm^À sN¿mdp­v. ""C_vS§s\Bcn¡pw Btcw ]cnPtbmw _ntkzmtkmanÃ. ¶m FÃmcn¡pw FtÃmtcw Adnbqw sN¿pw.'' JmZÀ¡bpsS hm¡pIÄ ho ­pw a\Ênte¡nd§nhcp¶p. ""§fv ]tff­m¡ym amti?'' Hcp \«p¨t\c¯v apdnbnse Xm ak¡mc\pw tIm«qfn¡mc\pamb _ocm³tImb Agp¡p]nSn¨ Hcp C³eâpambn ASp¯pIqSn. ""¶v ½S _I s\bvt¨mdpw tIm bnd¨ow §¡v {^o.'' ]tff­m¡ym F¶ hm¡n sâ AÀYw `£Ww Ignt¨m F¶m sW¶v A_phmWv ]dªpX¶Xv. _´Sp¡bn Xmakn¡p¶ _ocm ³tImbbpsS aIÄs¡mcp Is¯gp XWw. at\mlcamb ssI¸Sbn I s¯gpXp¶ Bsf¶ _lpam\ ¯m apdnbnepffhscÃmw ]cnNb ¡mcmIm³ A[nIkabsam¶pw th­nh¶nÃ. Npcp§nb kab¯n \pffn AhÀs¡ms¡ hnizmkam bncn¡p¶p Xs¶. kvt\lhpw _ lpam\hpamWv Xt¶mSv. Zp_mbpw A_pZm_nbpw J¯ dpsams¡ kz]v\w I­p Ignbp¶ ]mh§fmW[nIhpw. h«n]eni¡v ]Ww ISsaSp¯v KÄ^nte¡p IS ¡m³ Xp\nªnd§n t_mws_ bn IpSp§nt¸mb lX`mKyÀ. ]e À¡pw th­Xv IrXyambn A¡c ¡p IS¯nhnSp¶ HtcPâns\bm bncp¶p. F{X cq] thWsa¦nepw hnk¡pth­n apS¡m³ C\nbpw AhÀ X¿mdmWv. \m«nte¡p Hcp I¯b¡pItb th­q, Ac£nX hØ¡nSbnepw sImff]eni¡v ISw hm§n AhÀ Ab¨psIm Sp¡pw. HcpZnhkw A_q_¡À ]d ªp.""§sf FS³e¡mcs\ Hmen s¡m¶p I_qem¡ns¡mSpt¯m fo. I½ok³ In«pw tNmbn¡vW

Imkv. c¨s¸Sm³ §s¡mcp _bn Im«n¯czmhpw ½sS ]Stim³.'' Xsâ GPâ v Xs¶ I_fn¸n¨v \mSphn«pt]mb hnhcw A_q_¡ tdmSp Xpd¶p ]dªp. ]t£ A_p AX{X Imcyam¡nbnÃ. ""Hm\æn t_sdmcmfv. §sfm ¶zdy­. Hmen¡v §sf _nkzmkm. Imcy§sfms¡ Dkmdm¡vW Im cyw R½tfän¡vWv. §fp ]tb \m tbsâ am{Zn Xnt¶zw Xoän¡m­ncn tIzw sN¿m­ncp¶m aXn. R½ ¡pw IqSn sImffW ImcymWv t´bv?'' Xsâ au\w Ah³ k½Xambn ¡cpXnbncn¡Ww. ]n¶oSv A_q_ ¡tdmsSm¸w A]cnNnXcmb ]e cpw apdnbn hcm³ XpS§n. GtXm dn{Iq«nMv I¼\nbpsS DbÀ¶ D tZymKØsc¶mWv A_p apdnbnep ffhsc ]dªp [cn¸n¨ncp¶Xv. hcpt¼mgpw t]mIpt¼mgpw AhÀ Xt¶mSp Ipiemt\zmjWw \S ¯m\pw kulrZ_Ôw Øm]n ¡m\pw DÂkmlw Im«n. AsXm s¡ A_p_¡dpsS \¼cpIfm bncp¶p. FÃmw Hcp ]mhsbt¸mse \nÝew I­ncp¶p. apdnbnepffhscÃmw tPmen¡p t]mbncp¶ HcpZnhkw Xsâ ASp ¯ph¶v \qdnsâ GXm\pw t\m«p IÄ FSp¯v ssIbn ]nSn¸n¨n«v A_p ]dªp. ""CZv §¡ncn¡s«. \à c­q¶v ap­pw Ip¸mtbmw Iftkms¡ ta §o. R½¡n¶v i¼tfmw t_mW kpw In«y sZhkm.'' ]ns¶ IpsdZnhkw A_phns\ apdnbn I­nÃ. hnk¡pth­n Ah³ Zp_mbnte¡p t]mbncn¡p IbmsW¶p apdnbnepffhÀ ]d ªmWdnbp¶Xv. ]Whpw ]mkv t]mÀ«psams¡ Ah³ sIm­p t]mbn. Hcpamkw Ignªn«pw A_q_ ¡À aS§nh¶nÃ. Xsâ GPâmWv AhÀ¡v hnk \ÂIp¶Xv. A_p A§s\bmWhtcmSp ]dªncn ¡p¶Xpw. Xs¶sbmcmsf hnizkn ¨v A_phns\]Whpw ]mkvt]mÀ «ptaÂ]n¨v Im¯ncn¡pIbmW hÀ.


IY FÃmadnªt¸mÄ sR«nt¸m bn. A_phns\¡pdn¨v ]n¶oSv ]e Xpadnªp. Ahsâ sIt«ymfpsS \mSmWv IpäymSn. ]pXps]m¶m\n ¡Sp¯pff Hcp Øet¸cv Btcm ]dbp¶XptI«p. AXmWv A_q_ ¡dpsS \mSv. \m«n t]m¡äSnbm bncp¶p Ahsâ sXmgnÂ. ]eh«w tem¡¸n InS¶n«p­v. [mcmhnbn sems¡ Ah\v tamiw CS]mSp Ifpw Iq«psI«pap­v. Ahs\t]Sn ¡Ww. Adp]tXmfw km[p¡fpsS Po hnXw XIÀ¯ A_q_¡sd¶ kvt\lk¼¶\mb kplr¯nsâ asämcp apJw HmÀs¯Sp¡m³ {ian ¡pt¼msgÃmw a\Êp \ndsb Ip äymSnbnse GtXm Hcp Ip{Kma¯n  Ahsâ hchpw Im¯ncn¡p¶ sIt«ymÄ Abnjbmbncp¶p. Is¯gpXm³ kao]n¨ncp¶h scms¡ shdpt¸msS apJw Xncn

¡m³ XpS§n. lnµnbn AS¡n¸n Sn¨mWhÀ AaÀjw {]ISn¸n¡p ¶Xv. ]cn`mjs¸Sp¯nbm AXv a ebmf¯nse Gähpw hocyw IqSnb AÇoehm¡pIfmhpw. ]eÀ¡pw apdpapdp¸p­v. A_q _¡dns\s¡m­v FÃmw sN¿n ¨n«v Xm³ \à ]nff NabpIbmsW ¶mWv Ahscms¡ hnizkn¨ncn ¡p¶Xv. Ahsc Xncp¯m³ Hcp D]mbhpanÃ. "tNmÀ¡m _¨m' AXmWnt¸mÄ sSwIÀ kv{Soän Xsâ hnfnt¸cv. t_mws_bn Npcp §nb Ime¯n\pffn Xm³ Iff sâ aI\mbncn¡p¶p. B Kenbn \n¶pw F{Xbpw thKw c£s¸SWw. A]ISw sXm« Sps¯¯nbXpt]mse tXm¶n. A Xn\pap³]v kvaKvfÀ sNdnbm¸p¡ s]meokpambn h¶p. IqsS JmZÀ ¡bpap­v. JmZÀ¡bpsS apJw t] ]nSn¨ Ipdp¡tâXp t]membn. ap³

]v I­ HmÀa IqSnbnÃ. AbmÄ Aedn hnfn¨p. ""Admw kmte, IymInbm Xq t\. tb Kco_n temtImwtIm tIymw Xq NqXym _\mbm? InXv \m BZvaot¡m Km¬Uv amcm Xq? Cu sibv ¯ ms\ªn Be¸ptbsâ ]qbn ImWn¡m­v a¿¯m¡n bn _w_bn¯s¶ s_«n¡­n¨v Ipbn¨nSWw. Abn¼Xv e¨w Ddp]y tà Cu lnamdv Hms\_n\maym¡n X«n FSp¯mfsª. s_«nbnt«m _emse Hcp apbph³ _mbbne. Csæn B AÆ¡dv Ip­s\C¿ s¶ t]mbv ]pSn¨näv_m laps¡.'' Cuizcm A³]Xpe£w cq] tbm? a\km hmNm AdnbmsX, A Xpw hnkm X«n¸mWv tIkv. ]ns¶ t_mws_ s]meokv Xq¡nsbSp¯v Po¸nte¡v hens¨dnªXp am{Xta HmÀabpffq.

\ÀaIhnX

"amfp'IÄ hfcs«

Be¸m«v F³ IcpWmIc³]nff

F{X N´IfmWp \nXyhpw apfs]m«n aÀXys\ s¡mXn¸n¡pw hmIv{]tem`§tfmsS Npänepw Xg¸Xv! AjvSn¡phIbnÃmþ ¸«nWn¸mh§Ä¡o tLmjw sIms­´p t\«w? "sam«pkqNnsXm«p{K³ ImdpIÄhsc In«pw Hä¡qcípXmsg' þ hm¡nsâ Xmb¼I! "F«p ]mbv¡pIsfm¶msbSp¯p em`w hmcnþ ¡q«pI \n§'sf¶p asämcp hnfw_cw! In«nbt\cw sIms­msc¯nt\m«w Rm³ t\m¡n F{Xbmbmepw ho«n³ap¼nse _kmdtà F{Xbm ]pcpjmcw! B_mehr²w! \neþ In«m¡b¯nse¶t]mehcÔmfn¸q FkvIteädpIfn Xmtgm«pw tatemt«çw \Â{]hmlam,WnXp 'amfn'sâ am{Xw t\«w! CjvStXmgÀ¡p Iq«wIqSm\pw sIm¨½amÀ ¡njvStcmSÂ]w t\cwt]m¡pIÄ ]dbm\pw Ip«nIÄt¡mSn¨mSnbpÃkn¡m\p, anSwþ In«m¸cnjIÄ¡p aq¡phoÀ¸n¡phm\pw ]äpaobnSw Fsâ ho«n\p ap¼netÃm C{X\mfdªoe apäs¯ apÃaWw! H¶pw Rm³ hm§nbnÃ, hm§m¯hcpt­sd H¶pw hnSmsX hm§n¡q«ntbmct\Icpw an¶p¶ apJw I­mednbm,an¶p ssIbnÂþ ¯q§p¶ "em`'¯nsâ IW¡nÃm¯ `mcw! ]ns¶ Rmt\mÀ¯p: Np½m Id§m\mbn \msf h¶nSmatÃm ho«n Iªnhbv¡m¯h¶pw amfpIÄ hfcs«! \mfpIÄ sNÃpt´mdpw tIcfw Xs¶sbmcp "_nKv amfm'bv XoÀ¶nSs«!

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

37


Iem-temIw BÀ«nÌv Im«qÀ \mcm-bW]nff

_n

lmdnsâ hSt¡bä s¯ c­paetbmc{Kma §fmb a[p_m\nbnepw anYnebn epw ]c¼cmKXambn A`nhr²n s¸« Nn{XcN\mcoXnbmWv a[p_m \nþ / anYnemþ Nn{XIe. a¬I«Itfm a¬`n¯nItfm D]tbmKn¨v sIm¨phoSpIÄ \nÀan ¡pt¼mÄ a[p_m\nbnsebpw anYn ebnsebpw kv{XoIÄ `n¯nbnepw Xdbnepw Nn{X§Ä hcbv¡p¶ ]mc¼cyw XpSÀ¶pt]mcp¶p. hoSn \pap³his¯ hmXnÂapJ§fn (XdbnÂ) AhÀ Acnþ aªÄþ s¸mSnIfp]tbmKn¨v tIme§Ä hcbv¡pw. C§s\sN¿p¶ Nn{X §sf (tIme§sf) AÂ]\ (Alpana) F¶p ]dbp¶p. hoSnsâ `n¯n NmWIhpw Ifna®pw tNÀ ¯ an{inXw sagpIn \nc¸m¡n an\p ks¸Sp¯n AXn³ta AhÀ AI ¯pw ]pd¯pw Nn{X§Ä hcbv¡p ¶p. Icn, Ifna®v, aªÄs¸mSn, Ce¨mdpIÄ, hÀWaWepIÄ F¶nh ]cphs¸Sp¯nb {]IrXn Z¯ Nmb¡q«pIfmWv ]mc¼cy ambn C¯cw Nn{X§fn D]tbm Kn¡mdv. Nne sNSnIfpsS \mcpIÄ sIm­pÅ {_jvjpIfpw ssIbpap ]tbmKn¨v AhÀ Nn{XcN\sN ¿p¶p. P·Zn\w, hnhmlw, tlmfn, kq cyjjvSn, Imfo]qP, D]\b\w, ZpÀ

B\bpw XcpWnIfpw

38

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

a[p_m\n Nn{XIe KmjvSan XpS§nb hntijmhkc §fnepw C¯cw Nn{X§Ä Nphê Ifn ]pXpXmbn hcbv¡p¶p. KwKm kv\m\thfbn tiJcn¨ KwKmPew Øeþ ]cnkcip²n¡m bpw, Nn{XcN\bv¡mbpw a[p_m\n Nn{XImcnIÄ D]tbmKs¸Sp¯p ¶p. XeapdIfmbn BNcn¡p¶ {]hWXbmWv a[p_m\n Nn{XIe bptSXv. ChÀ hcbv¡p¶ Nn{X§ fnseÃmw Xn·bvs¡Xnsc \· F¶ Bibw sXfnbp¶p. Imfnb aÀZ\¯nepw, alnjmkpc aÀZn\n bnepw, Imfo]qPbnepw, cmacmhW t]mcm«¯nepw FÃmapÅ [ÀamNc WktµiamWv a[p_m\n Nn{X§ fpsS s]mcpÄ. IrjvWsâ thWpKm\w tI«p \n¡p¶ ]ip¡Ä, cmaþkoXmþ e£vaW·mÀ tXmWnbnÂ, bp² ¡f¯n {iocmas\bpw e£vaW s\bpw tXmfn Ibänb l\pam³, cm[mktaX IrjvW³, ImfnbpsS AhXmcw, \mKtZhX, abnensâ ]pd¯pIbdnhcp¶ cma\pw koX bpw, \hh[phc³amÀ abnens\m ¸w, Imfnbsâ ta IrjvW³, hoWhmbnç¶ XcpWn, DÂkh ¯n B\Ifpw h\nXIfpw XpS §nbhbmWv a[p_m\n Nn{X§fn se {]tabw. {]IrXnbpw sFXn lyhpw X\Xp cq]hÀWcN\I fn a[p_m\n Nn{X§fn sXfn bp¶p. Cu Nn{X§fnse BÄcq] §Ä, ]£nþ arKmZnIÄ, {]IrXn LSI§Ä FÃmw \njvIf¦amb {KmaoW`mh\bpsS X\XpamXrI IfmWv. hcbv¡p¶ am{Xbn¯s¶ a\ÊnÂ\ns¶mgpIn hnc¯p¼n eqsS `n¯nbnepw Xdbnepw AXne fnXambn cq]amXrIIÄ{]Xy£ s¸SpI þ AXmWv a[p_m\nssi en: {]IrXnbnepÅXpt]mse A WphnSt]mepw amäanÃmsX BIr XnIÄ AtX]Sn ]IÀ¯n¡mWn ¡ptb th­q. \nc´camb Xo{h] cnioe\¯neqsS kzmb¯amt¡ ­ kmt¦XnIsshZKv[ytam A `pXIcamb IchnêtXm Hìw AXn AXy´mt]£nXaÃ.

l\pam³

sIm¨pIp«nIÄ¡pt]mepw A \mbmkw hcbv¡mhp¶ cq]amXr IIÄt]mse AIr{XnaemfnXyhpw {]mIrXþss\kÀKnIXbpw Dd ªpIqSnbhbmWv a[p_m\n Nn{X §Ä. tcJIÄ, hÀW§Ä, ]c¸mb (Flat) BIrXnIÄ, `mh§Ä Ch sbÃmw a[p_m\nNn{X§fn emfn Xyhpw X\nabpw {]ISam¡p¶ Xn A\\ykm[mcWamb ]cn]q ÀWX ]peÀ¯p¶p. Imew amdn: A¶s¯ a¬`n¯n bnepÅ hoSpIÄ C¶nÃ. a[p_m\n bnepw anYnebnepapÅ C¶s¯ Xeapd B ]mc¼cyNn{X§fnse khntijXbmÀ¶ X\na \ne\nÀ ¯pì; F¶m am[ya§Ä Pe ¨mbw, F®¨mbw, A{InenIv XpS §nbh; kma{KnItfm XpWn, IS emkv, Iym³hmkv F¶nhbpw F¶ amäw {]ISw. A\h[n IemImcn Ifpw IemImc³amcpw ta¸dª ]pXpam[yaþka{KnIfnteç amdn ¡gnªp. Ahcn anYnebnse tZ ihmknbmb {ioaXn almkpµco tZhn¡v hnhn[ tZiob _lpaXn Ifpw `mcXKh¬saânsâ ]ß{io ]pckvImchpw(2011) e`n¨p; almkp µcotZhn A´cnçt¼mÄ (2013 Pq sse 4) AhÀçhbÊv 92 Bbn êì. a[p_m\n Nn{XIebnse khntijXIÄ C¶v {][m\s¸« Hê ]T\hnjbat{X.


tIc-f-kw-KoXw tIcfkwKoXmNmcr tUm _n ]pjv]m Irjv-W³

{ioKW\mYm... cN\ cmKw Xmfw Btcm-lWw Ah-tcm-lWw

: tUm/s{]m^ hn ]n almtZh³]nff (Hm]vtäm CeIvt{SmWnIvkv hn`mK ta[mhn, tIcf kÀhIemime) : lwkm\µn : BZn : k cn2 K2 ] \n2 k : k \n2 ] K2 cn2 k

cmKhnh-cWw : i¦cm`cWtaf¯n P\n¨ hfsc {]kn²amb hoc ck {][m\cmKw; lwk[z\n cmK ¯nsâ cq]IÂ]\sNbvXXv. ap¯pkzman Zo£nX cpsS ]nXmhmb cmakzman Zo£nXcmWv. At\Iw KW]Xn IrXnIÄ lwk[z\n cmK¯nep­v. Cu cmK ¯nsâ kzcØm\§fmb jUvPw, NXp{ipXncnj`w, A´cKm-Ômcw, ]©aw, ImIen-\n-jm-Zw F¶nh

sbÃmw Pohkzc§fmWv. FÃm kzc§fpw Xpey{]m [m\yw DffhbmWv. `ànckhpw Dfhm¡p¶Xn\m Cu cmK¯nepff KW]XnIrXn It¨cnIfpsS XpS ¡¯n ]mSmdp­v. ]Ãhn

: {ioKW\mYm KtWi PKÂ]tX ]mim¦pi[c hmcW XpWvUm

A\p]Ãhn

: km[pP\lrZntahpw arUmßPm ]mlnIr]m\nt[ ]mln KtWim

NcWw

: hmcW hZ\m kIemcm[ym km[pP\{]nb kIem[mcm tahpIsb³ lrZn AJnteizc amdWsa¶psS tamlhnIÂ]w

]Ãhn ; K ] m K cn m k m m \n cn m m m ; k cn m K K m ] m ] m ] m ] m {io . . K W \m . . . . Ym . . . . . K . . tW i P K Â ] tX ; K m m ] \n m ] m ] m ] m ] m ; K ] m K cn m k cn K ] K cn m .. ]m im . . ¦p . . . i [ c . . hm . . . c W Xp . . . WvUm ; K ] m K cn m k cn K ] K m cn m ; k cn m K m K m ] K K \n ] m m .. {io . . K W \m . . . . . Ym . . . ..K . . . tW i P K Â ] tX ; K m m ] \n m k m \n m k k cn m ; K cn k \n ] m ] K \n ] K cn k \n ..]m im . . ¦p i [ . c . ..hm . . c W . . . Xp . . . Wv Um . . . k cn ... A\p]Ãhn ; k \n ] m k k k m m m k m k m ; cn m m k \n ] m k m m k m k m .. km. . . . [p P \. . . lr Zn . ..ta . . hpw . . . ar Um ß Pm

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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tIc-f-kw-KoXw ; \n K cn m k \n ] m m k \n k cn m m m ; k m m k \n ] ] K \n ] K cn k cn ..]m ln . . . Ir . . . ]m \n . t[ ... .. ]m ln . K tW ..... im ... ({ioKW\mYm) NcWw ; K ] m K cn m k m m m k \n ] m ; k cn m K m K m ] m k \n ] m m .. hm .. c W . h . . . Z \m . . . .. k I . em . . . . cm [ym . . . . . ; k \n ] m k m k m cn m m cn m m ; k cn K cn K cn k m k m k \n ] m .. km .. [p P . \. {]n . . b . . . . k . I . . em . . . [m .. cm ... ; \n K cn m k \n ] m \n k cn K cn m ; k cn K ] K cnm K cn K cn k m .. ta . hp I sb ³. . lr Zn m ... .. \o . . . . . . A Jn te . . . iz c ; ]m K m cn m k \n ] m \n k cn K cn m ; K cn k \n ] m ] K \n ] K cn .. am d W sa ¶p ...... sS .... . tam . . lw ... hn. I .. Â ]w ... k cn . . Nn«kzcw K m m ] \n k cn k \n cn k \n ] Km cn K m m ] K \n ] k \n cn k K cn ] K cn k m m \n K cn \n cn \n ] \n ] K ] K cn k m m K cn k cn ] K cn K \n ] K ] k \n ] \n K cn k cn k \n k \n ] \n ] K cn k cn cn K K ] ] \n \n k m \n k cn Km ] \n k cn m K ] \n k m \n K cn cn k k \n K cn k \n ] m cn k \n ] K m ] K cn k cn ({ioKW\mYm)

B[ymßnIw

kpµcImÞw

hn

thIm\µ kmwkvImcnI tI{µ¯n aq¶mw i\n bmgvN ]XnhpÅ kXv kwK¯n tUm BÀ ]pcptjm¯a³ \mbÀ (hn Fkv Fkv kn) \S¯nb apJy {]`mjW¯nsâ kw{Klw: A[ymß cmambW¯nse A ©mw ImÞamb kpµcImÞ ¯n a\Êv, a{´w, ]pWyw Chsb Ãmw at\mlcambn kt½fn¡p¶p. Cu IYm `mK¯mWv `tàm¯a \pw hockmlknI\pw Bcm[y\p ambn l\pam³ {]Xy£s¸Sp¶Xv. \nch[n hm\cÀ¡nSbn BcpaÃm sX tIhew au\nbmbn, \nÊwK\m bn hÀ¯n¨pt]m¶ l\pam³, HmÀ ¡m¸pd¯v kIeÀ¡pw B{ibhpw Bizmkhpw ]Icp¶ tI{µ IYm

40

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

]m{Xambn, AÂ`p]cm{Iaimen bmbn Dbcp¶p. `mcn¨ c­p kakyIfmWv kp µcImÞmcw`¯n I]nhocsc t\cnSp¶Xv:þ H¶v: AXnkmlkn Ihpw A\yÀ¡km[yhpamb kap {ZewL\w. c­v: {XntemI§fpw A S¡n hmgp¶ cmhWcm£ksâ cmP[m\nbn sN¶v Poh³ ]W bw sh¨v koXmt\zjWw \S¯n Hcpcm]IÂsIm­v Xncns¨¯pI. Cu {]iv\§Ä¡psXm«pap³]v hm\c ssk\ys¯ BsI ]cn{`m ´cm¡n, atl{µ ]ÀhX{]tZi¯v NndIäv,hni¶pheªp Ignªncp ¶ `oIcmImc\mb k¼mXn F¶ IgpI³ : hm\c·msc Hs¶m¶mbn `£n¡pI F¶Xmbncp¶p Ahsâ

e£yw; Npcp¡¯n hm\csc k¼Ôn¨nSt¯mfw ZuÀ`mKyhpw Zmcp Whpamb Hc´y¯n\p Imew. s]s«¶mWv kwKXnIÄ BsI A\pIqeambXv. kwlcn¨p `£n ¡m³ h¶h³ klmbnbpw amÀK ZÀinbpambn amdn. F´mWnhbpsS ]n¶nse kqN\IÄ? kpµ cImÞ ¯nsâ DÄs¸mcpÄ F´mWv? hÀ ¯am\ImeL«¯n\vF´p ktµ iamWnXp \ÂIp¶Xv? a\pjy {]bXv\¯nsâ ]cnanXnIsf GXp hn[w AXnPohn¡mw? GsäSp¯ ZuXyw F§s\ ip`]cyhkmbn Bbn, AXy´w hnPbIcambn \ndthämw? kpµcImÞ¯nse l\pamsâ (tijw 51þmw t]PnÂ)


Infnsamgn tUm ]n tkXp-\m-Y³

]¯\m]pcs¯ hntij§Ä ] ¯\m]pcw Fs¶mcp cmPyw ]qan aebmf¯v D­v F¶v amtfmcp tI«ncn¡pw. CÃm¨m Ds­¶p \nco¡n³. "]nXmhpw ]p {X\pw' "]cnip²mßmhn's\ad¶v A¦¯mcn \S¯nb amam¦w "§' ¡dnbmw. AXv C½nWn henb ImcyambXn\m amjv hgn amdp¶p. ½¡v ]gb ]¯\m]pct¯¡p

amdmw. kly]ÀhX\ncIÄ ImÂI gpIn¨q«p¶ sabn³ sk³{S tdm Unsâ BbqÀ Ihebn \n¶p sXän Ing¡pamdn Ingp¡mwXq ¡mbn A¨³tImhn B­hcpsS X«Iw hsc \o­pw ]c¶pw tIdn bpw Cd§nbpw Im¨m³ am¨s\InS ¡p¶ "amh«'amWv I£n. Ipf¯q ¸pgbpw A©epw Gcqcpw AKkv

XytImSpw aS¯dbpw am{Xbpw Xe hqcpw hnf¡pSnbpw ]«mgnbpw sX³ aebpw am¼g¯dbpw tIm«hmk epw ]ns¶ Ipsd ae\ncbpw C¨nc ]«Whpw Hs¡¡qSn tNcp¶ `q]Sw. Cu ]pWy]pcmX\\v ]gaebm f¯n "Im«p]¯\m]pcw' F¶v ]gh³amÀ t]cn«ncp¶p. sImÃw No\bn IpcpapfIp It¨mS¯n\p h¶ ]d¦nkmbn¸v Ipct¡Wns¡m Ãs¯ A©em¸okn Ibdn "ImÄ Sp ]¯\m]pcw' F¶p ]d ªt{X. AXptI« A©Â amÌÀ Dd¸n¨ t]cmWt{X Cu Im«p]¯ \m]pcw. ½t¡msf Hcp Cw¥ojv ]cnÚm\ta. Adp]Xp iXam\w ImSpw ap¸XpiXam\w shÅhpw ]¯piXam\w \Kchpambn¡nS¶ Cu ]pWy`qan¡v ]nt¶Xp t]cm WptNcpI. Cu ]¯\m]pc¯mWv sX¡p hS¡³ \mS³]m«nse hoc\mbI ³amÀ ]­n\m A¦w ]nSn¨Xv. hmbv¯mcn tIfn³. Du¡³ IfnI fmbncp¶p. Xo¡fn. ]p¯cnb¦ ¡mcpw Dinc³ ]bäpImcpw D­mbn cp¶p. h¼s\sIm¼\pw sIm¼s\ h¼\pw ae¯nbSn¨n«p­v. sh«n t¡dnbhcpw sI«nt¡dnbhcpw sI «nt¡änbhcpw D­mbncp¶p. {ioaq ew {]Pmk` Fs¶mcpkZncp­mbn cp¶p. A¡mew "]¯\m]pcw sN t¦m«' F¶mbncp¶p. `q]S¯n\p t]cv "sNt¦m« cma¿³' Fs¶mcp h¡oep­mbncp¶p. Dinc\pw Du ¡\pamb ]pÅn. IgpIsâ I®pw Ipim{K_p²nbpw. ta¸Snbm³ sIm Ãw _mdnse tIa\mbncp¶p. "_mÀ' F¶m shÅaSn tI{µaÃ. "h¡o e³amcpsS ¢_v'F¶ C\mw. cma¿ cpsS aI³ IrjvW¿cpw kp{_Ò Wy¡cbmfcpw X½nembncp¶p B Zys¯ A¦w. IÃSbmäneqsS Nm ¡pIfn t\m«psI«pIÄ HgpIn F¶mWp ]ga. t\m«p sI«ns\m¸w kzman ]pgshůn Hen¨pt]m bn. sNt¦m«bnse Acn¡t¨mSw aXnbm¡n \nc¸eI C«v IS AS¨v

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Infnsamgn sIm{]manÃpw ]q«n IcbmfÀ {ioaq ew {]Pmk`bnse¯n. ]n¶s¯ tImgnb¦¯n apl ½Zvcmhp¯cpw kp{_ÒWy¡cbm fcpw s]mbv¯p \S¯n. cmhp¯À {]Pmk`bnte¡pw IcbmfÀ IS Xpd¡m³ sNt¦m«bv¡pw t]mbn. Be¸pgbn \n¶v t\m«psI«pIÄ \nd¨ Nm¡pambn cmhp¯À {]thi \IhmSamb ]p\eqcnemWv F¯n bXv. t\m«psI«pIÄ Npa¶p amänb Nne tIa³amÀ NphSpambn ap§n. ]t£¦n cmhp¯À Xq¯phmcn. cmhp¯cpsS hew ssIbmbn \n¶v hmbv¯mcn ]mSnb ASqsc sNdpsX §ntes¯ h¡oetZy¯nsâ aI³ "Cuhn'btZz¯n\p sam¯w In«n bXv GgW]¯pN{Iw. cmhp¯ cpsS Imip apgph\pw aq¸cv ASn s¨¶p \mS³]m«mbn. \mS³ hmbv ¯mcntI«v aq¸cpsS ]nXmhv s]cn §\m«v C¨nca®v I_qem¡m³ AUzm³kp sImSp¯p. _m¡n Im in\v aq¸cp sImÃw _mdnse¯n tams\I­p. I£n ssIaeÀ¯n. ssIbnencp¶ GgWbn c­W sImSp¯v DStbmsc Xncn¨b¨p. CXv "Cuhn kmlnXyw.' P\Iobw ]¨]nSn¨msd, F¶p h¨m \mSp Ip«nt¨mdmbmsd sN t¦m« ]m­n¡pt]mbn. ]¯\m ]pcw X\n¨mbn. tIa³amcmb Sn Fw hÀKokpw ]n Sn ]p¶qkpw ]¯ \m]pc¯p I¨ apdp¡n. hÀKokv Infnam\qÀ hgn lÖqcnte¡pw ]p¶qkv sIm«mc¡c Icp\mK¸Ån hgn Be¸pgbv¡pw t]mbn. ]ns¶

IhnX

t]scSp¯ tIa³amcpsS Dugambn cp¶p. If¯n thembp[³\mbÀ, N«\mY¡cbmfÀ, cmPtKm]me³ \mbÀ XpS§n Du¡pw anSp¡pw DÅhcmbncp¶p A¦¡mÀ. ]ns¶ IpXnctbm«ambn, Ipf¼SnIfmbn, ]Se]nW¡§fmbn, Cuimt]mi bmbn, ssIbm¦fnIfmbn. C¸w an­m«ta CÃmXmbn. CXmWv ]¯m\m]pcw ]ga. ]¯\m]pc¯nsâ AgImWv A©Â. GggIv. §¡v A©ensâ s]mcpfdnbmtam. A©psNmÃpIfpÅ DucmWv A©Â F¶v ]\bt©cn imkv{Xn IfpsS hN\ap­v. A©Â¡msc I­m tNmZn¡n³. Hmcv DSt\ XpS§pw. ""A©Â Ipfw Ipftam Nndtbm hben³ tXhÀ hbentem Icbvt¡m hSa¬ Imªncw Ibv¡ptam a[pcn¡ptam Ipdpa¡m«pa\CÃtam kzcq ]tam AKkvXyt¡m«pap\n BtWm s]t®m'' Cu ]gbsNmÃpIfn A©Â]pcmWw \ndbpat{X. AX hnsS \n¡s«. Xncphmt¦ms« s]m¶p X¼pcm \pw ]¸\mhkzman¡pw D®m\pw DSp¡m\pw \nXy\nthZy¯n\pw am tfmcv ImgvNhbv¡p¶ N¼mhcn. \p dp­cn, ]gbcn, ]¨¡dnIÄ, ]ghÀ K§Ä, ]qhv, ame CXymZnIÄ A\´]pcs¯ henbsIm«mc ¯n F¯n¡m³ s]m¶¼vcm³

XpS§nh¨ Hcp `cWhgnbmWv A©Â hIp¸v. Ing¡³ aetbm cs¯ hn`h§Ä A¶¶v IpSose ¯n¡m\pÅ hgn. Imem´c¯n A©tem«¡mcsâ ssIbn ]W hpw I¯pIfpw sImSp¯phn«pXp S§n. Cu C\w ]cnjv¡cn¨mWv A©Â hIp¸v C\mam¡nbXv. A ©epw A©ÂIpänbpw A©tem «hpw A©Âin]mbnbpw A©em ¸okpw h¶msd cwKw sImgp¯p. C\mambn. F§\p­v ]ga. "]¯\m]pcw sNt¦m«' F¶ `q]S¯nse sNt¦m« Iodn ]m­o ¡mc\p sImSp¯p. AhnsS D­m bncp¶ 87 t£{X§fpw AhbpsS `qkz¯pw ]m­o¡mc³ sIm­p t]mbn. AhÀ AhnsS ITn\m[zm\w sNbvXv hnfbn¡p¶ Acnbpw ae ¡dnbpw am§bpw N¡bpw Nm¡n em¡n Bcy¦mhp Npc¯n "]InSn'sImSp¯v sImïv F¯n ¡pw. aebmfn AXphm§n Ahn¨pw ]gp¸n¨pw Xn¶p sImgp¡p¶p. "]¯\m]pc'¯p h­n Cd§n bm BZyw §¡v Ipf¯p¸pgbn se _mecq]nIbmb imkvXmhns\ bpw Bcy¦mhn bphtImaf\pw \nXy{_ÒNmcnbpamb imkvXmhn t\bpw Aѳ tImhnen hm\{] Øcq]\mb ]cws]mcpfns\bpw ImWmw. C¸w §¡v ]¯\m]pc ¯nsâ D× ]nSnIn«ntb. §¡v Xq¡p]mew F¶ AÂ`pXhnZy ImWWsa¦n ]¯\m]pc¯nsâ Xmbvhgnbmb ]p\eqcn Cd§n³. AXpwI­v \n½Xn ASbn³.

ag

ss\\ a®t©cn

ag s]¿p¶p.... PohnXw t]mse Nnet¸mÄ Ie]ne Iq«n Nnet¸mÄ \ni_vZambn... ag s]bvXpsIm­ncn¡p¶p. a[pcamb {]WbKm\ambn ag s]¿p¶p... ZpcnXP·w t]msebpw ag s]¿p¶p. hncl¯nsâ I®ocmbn ]pgbn tNcpt¼mÄ agbpsS I®pIÄ¡v \ndw Nph¸v... Cdb¯v tXmcm¯ agbn C\nbpsa¯m¯ aIsf Im¯ncn¡pt¼mÄ... A½bv¡v, angnbnemWv ag.

42

Infn-¸m«v

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]T\w tUm Pn Djm-Ip-amcn

BÝcyNqUmaWnbnte¡v IqSnbm«thZnbnÂ

iq

À¸WJbpsS thjhpw `mjbpw iqÀ¸WJm¦¯n B]mZNqUw \ndªp\n¡p¶ ckamWv A `pXw. cm£kambbm IS¶ph cp¶ AXy´kpµcnbmb efnXm thjw, efnXbnse ambmkuµcy hpw {iocma³ Imé¶ koXbnse bYmÀYkuµcyhpw AÂ`pXckm kzmZ\ t]mjI§fmWv. CXnë hncp²ambn IS¶phcp¶ Icn, \nWw F¶o Blmcyhntij§Ä klrZb\n Htckabw `oXnbpw BÝcyhpw P\n¸n¡p¶p.

"Icn' IYIfnbnepw IqSnbm« ¯nepw IqSnbm«¯nse "Icn'thjw IYI fnbnse Icnthj¯n \n¶p hy XykvXamWv. IYIfnbn Idp¯ hkv{X§Ä D]tbmKn¡pt¼mÄ Iq Snbm«¯n shfp¯ hkv{Xw Hcp {]tXyIcoXnbn sRmdnªpSp ¡p¶p. icocamkIew IcntX¨p]n Sn¸n¨v Ip¶papeIfpw shffnB`c W§fpaWnªv, ]q¡ÄsIm­p \nÀan¨ aIpS¯n \ndsb sRm§ Ww]pÃp XncpIn, CuÀ¡nÂsIm t­m ]mfsImt­m D­m¡nb hf b§fn Idp¸pw shfp¸pw XpWn

(`mKw 8) IÄ sI«nbp­m¡nb IpWvUe §fWnªmWv "Icn'thjw cwK{] thiw sN¿p¶Xv. Cu Icnthj ¯n þ Acns¸mSn, Np®m¼v, aª s¸mSn Ch Ie¡n¯nf¸n¨Xn ]ghpw aecpw tNÀ¯v Ipg¼pcq] ¯nem¡n tZlw apgph³ ]qinbXn \ptijw, shff¯pWn Cu Ipg ¼n ap¡nsbSp¯v icoc¯neWn ªpwsIm­mWv cà¯n æfn¨v iqÀ¸WJm"\nWw' {]thin¡p ¶Xv. klrZbcn BÝcyhpw `b hpw `o`Âkhpw Htckabw P\n¸n ¡p¶ Hcp BlmcyhntijamWv "\nWw'. C¯c¯n "Blmcy' ¯n\v `wKn IÂ]n¨p NmIymcpsS `mh\mssh`hw Gsd {]iwk\ob amWv. C{]Imcw BÝcyhpw A\p _Ôck§fpw AwtKm]mwK§ fmbn hÀ¯n¨v iqÀ¸WJm¦s¯ anIhpäXm¡p¶p. kwkvIrXw, {]mIrXw, lo\a ebmfw F¶o `mjIfpsS khn tij {]tbmK§fmepw iqÀ¸W Jm¦w {]tXyIw {it²bamhpì. {iocmaþe£vaW·mÀ kwkvIrX `mjbnepw koXmþefnXamÀ kwkv IrX¯nsâ {]mIrX¯nepw BWv kwkmcn¡p¶Xv. F¶m cm£ koXzw hcn¨ iqÀ¸WJ (Icnth

IYIfnbn Idp¯ hkv{X§Ä D]tbmKn¡pt¼mÄ IqSnbm«¯n shfp¯ hkv{Xw Hcp {]tXyIcoXnbn sRmdnªpSp¡p¶p. icocamkIew IcntX¨p]nSn¸n¨v Ip¶papeIfpw shffnB`cW§fpaWnªv, ]q¡Ä sIm­p \nÀan¨ aIpS¯n \ndsb sRm§Ww]pÃp XncpIn, CuÀ¡nÂsImt­m ]mfsImt­m D­m¡nb hfb§fn Idp¸pw shfp¸pw XpWnIÄ sI«nbp­m¡nb IpWvUe§fWnªmWv "Icn'thjw cwK{]thiw sN¿p¶Xv.

jw) kwkmcn¡p¶Xv "lo\'ae bmf `mjbnemWv:þ ""F{Xbpw Xp Iap­mtb, XpIta Xmt\ XpIw F¶v sNmÃnbmepw t]mcmtb. XpIw, XpIw F¶v ]eh«w sNmÃn tb aXnbmIq. AsXs´¶Ão? FÃmShpw \S¸³ Rm³. Hmtcm tX b§fnepw Hmtcm Incma§fnepw Hm tcm cmNy§fnepw Hmtcm Wbc§ fnepw Hmtcm hW{]tXb§fnepw Hmtcm WkoXoc§fnepw \S¸³ Rm³...'' Cu coXnbn BWv Icn thjw kwkmcn¡pI. hyXykv X NmcnIsfs¡m­pw kzcn¡epIÄsIm­pw khntij Øm\aÀln¡p¶ A¦amWv iqÀ¸ WJm¦w. sNmÃp´n\S, If¸pd¯p \S, sNdnb¡w, henb¡w, Aw_ cmb\w, tImW¯pNmcn, {[phm XpS§nb Nmcohntij§fpsS khntij {]tbmK§fm Ae¦r XamWv Cu A¦w. IqSmsX apUv V³, BÀ¯³, hocXÀ¡³, tNSo ]©aw, `n¶]©aw, ZmWw, sImc ¡pdnªn XpS§nb cmK§fnepff kzcn¡epIfm hyXykvX`mh{] Imi\w lrZyXcam¡n amäp¶Xn epw NmIymÀ hnPbn¨p. IqSnbm« ¯nse NmcnIfpw cmK`mh¯nep ff kzcn¡epw NqUmaWnbnse AhbpsS hntij{]tbmK§fpw asämcnS¯p hnhcn¡p¶p­v. kq£vam`n\bkt¦X§fmepw Blmcytim`bmepw hyXykvX `m jmckk¶nthi§fmepw cwK¯v AhXcn¸n¡p¶ Cu A¦w ]Wv UnXs\bpw ]macs\bpw Hcpt]m se B\µn¸n¡p¶p. AXy´\nKq Vamb am\knIXe§sft¸mepw kmam\ym`n\b¯neqsS t{]£I ka£w AhXcn¸n¡m³ X¡hn[ ¯n B«{]Imcw Na¨ NmIymcp sS Ignhv At§bäw {]iwk\ob amWv. (XpSêw)

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teJ\w inh-kq-cy

Cw¥ojv cN-\Ifn Xnf§p¶ Pn F³ ]Wn¡À

O

Pn F³ ]Wn-¡À F¶ hy-àn-bpsSbpw Fgp-¯p-Im-csâbpw hn`n¶ apJ-§Ä kv]jvS-am-¡p¶ {][m\ IrXn- b m- s W¶p ]dªphtÃm. Xsâ IrXn¡v Hc-h-Xm-cnI thWsa¶ ]Wn-¡-cpsS A`-yÀY-\bv¡v s{]m^. sI BÀ {io\n-hmk A¿¦mÀ Ab¨ adp-]Sn t]mÌp ImÀUpambn XpS-§p¶ Cu {KÙ-¯n\v Ggp `mK-§-fp-­v þ "Perspectives' (]cn-t{]-£-y-§Ä), "Personalities' (hyàn-X-z-hn-ti-j-§Ä), "Middles' (\-Spte-J-\-§Ä), "Views and Reviews' (ho£-W-§fpw ]p\-c-h-tem-I-\-§fpw), "My dear Editor' ({]nb-s¸« ]{Xm-[n-]À¡v), "Short Stories' (sN-dpI- Y - I Ä), "Novels' (t\m- h Â), "Afterword' (]n-¶p-c). 1987 \p tijapÅ Ccp]XphÀ j¡me¯n\nSbn A[ym]Icp sSbpw hnZymÀYnIfpsSbpw kao] \¯n h¶ amä§sf¸än ]Wn ¡À hnebncp¯p¶Xp t\m¡pI. At±lw ]d-bp¶p: ""This writer is conventional or, say,

even anachronistic enough to think that a teacher had better be one worthy of emulation by the students in words and deeds. His life should be a continuous quest for the ever - receding skyline of knowledge; he should be ready to work hard for the sake of his students'';

(Iogv\-S-¸-\p-k-cnt¨m "Imel-cW-s¸«' coXnbntem {]hÀ¯n-¡p ¶ Hcm-fmWv Cu teJ-I³. hm¡n epw {]hr-¯n-bnepw hnZ-ymÀYn-IÄ ¡v A\p-I-cn-¡m³ ]äpw-hn[w Dff Hcm-fm-hWw A[-ym-]-I³. AI-¶I¶p t]mIp¶ Adn-hnsâ N{I-hm-f¯n-se-¯m³ \nc-´cw {ian-¡p¶ Hcm-Ä. Ip«n-IÄ¡p-th­n F{X ITn\-ambn bXv\n-¡m\pw Dff X¿mdp-­m-h-Ww AbmÄ¡v)

44

Icw {]kn-U³j-y `c-W-{Iaw kzo-I-cn-¡-W-sa¶v Pn F³ ]Wn¡À Bh-i-y-s¸-«p 1984 sk]väw-_À 6þmw XobXn "C³U-y³ FIvkv{]kn-'eqsS. kwØm-\-§-fnepw tI{µ¯nepw C¶p-ff cmjv{So-bm-\n-Ýn-XXzw Hgn-hm-¡m\pw "sePntÉ-¨-dn'\p ]pd-¯p-\n-¶m-bmepw AXn-{]-K-ev`cmb hy-àn-Isf a{´n-am-cm-¡m\pw Imep-amäw ]mtS XS-bm\pw D]-Xn-csª-Sp-¸p-IÄ ]qÀ®ambpw Hgn-hm¡m\pw aäpw aäpw {]kn-U³j-y k{¼-Zmbw D]-I-cn-¡pw. {]kn-U³ j-y {Iaw \ne-hn-ep-ff Ata-cn-¡bnepw {^m³knepw Hs¡-bp-f-fXpw P\m-[n-]-X-yw-X-s¶.

n the Dangerous Edge of Things (1994) F¶ {KÙw

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

IS¯ncIÄ sNmÃÂ

Pn F³ ]Wn-¡À

1960 Ifn A[-ym-]\w BËm-ZI-c-amb A\p-`-h-am-bn-cp-s¶¶pw AXv A¸msS amdm³ ImcWw A [- y m- ] - I - c nepw hnZ- y mÀYn- I - f nepw h¶ kao-]\amä-am-sW¶pw ]d-bp ¶p {KÙ-Im-c³. ka-c-Ip-Xp-In-Ifmb A[-ym-]-Icpw ka-tcmÂkp-Icmb hnZ-ymÀYn-Ifpw X½n-ep-ff A hn-ip-²-_Ôw Iem-e-bm-´-co-£ s¯ XIÀ¯p. IrX-y-ambpw B ßmÀY-ambpw ]Tn-¸n-¡p¶ A[-ym-]IÀ Hcp-Xcw a­-·msc¶ \neh¶pI-gn-ªp! tImsf-Pp-I-fp-tSbpw bq Wn-th-gvkn-än-I-fp-tSbpw cmjv{So-bhÂI-c-W-¯n\v AdpXn hs¶-¦nte icn-bmb A[-ym-]\w \S-¡q. {]knU³jy `cW{Iaw thWw ]mÀesaâdn k{¼- Z m- b - ¯ n- \ p- ] -

t\m¡n

IhnX

The Poet has his F¶ IhnXbn hnizalmIhnIfpsS t^mt«mIÄ h¨ncn¡p¶ apdnbn \n¶pw Ihn kt½f\¯ns\¯nb sNdpIhnI fpsS AklnjvWp¡Ä bphIhnI fnsemcmfmb kpcaybpsam¯v IS ¡cbnse¯nbtijw IS¯nc Isf Bthi]qÀhw t\m¡n D¨ ¯n Xsâ IhnX sNmÃp¶Xv DZm ¯ambn«p­v. Gsd Imh-ymÀ{Z-amb Hcp `mhamWv Cu hcn-IÄ \½n krjvSn¡p-¶Xv: (t\cw shfp-¡pw-ap-¼p-ff XWp-¸n {Kma-Im-h-y-lr-Z-yamw Nmä-a-g-X³ aÀacw, ag-¯p-f-fn-IÄ ]Xn¡pw kwKoXw, a§nb sh«- ¯ n CuÀ¸- a n- e IÄX³ ]p©ncn, t\mhnÂ]n-Sbpw GIm´ lrZ-b-´§Ä¡m-i-zm-kw. t{]a-¯n³ h³ ag-bv¡mbn Zmlw, sImSpw-Zmlw B ag-X³ kwKoXw, Ipfn-cnfw Imäpw am{´n-I-X-bpw) IS¡cbn IhnbpsS IhnX hmb\tIÄ¡m³ IS¸pd¯pImcn


teJ\w t{Xkybpw Hcp s]¬Ip«nbpw IqSn D­v. t{Xky IhntbmSSp¡p¶ AXnÀ IS¶ kzmX{´yw I­v tcm £t¯msS kpcay Xs¶ amSnhnfn ¡p¶ IS¯ncIsf AhÀ Ihn bpsS IhnX tI«v lcw sIm­ncn ¡p¶p þ t\m¡n ISente¡nd§n \S¡p¶nS¯v IhnX Xocp¶p. IhnbpsS Hcp Znhkhpw. "To the Tsunami' (kp\man¡v) F¶ IhnX \m¶qdne[nIw hcnIfpÅXmWv Cu IhnX. C³Uy\nw¥ojv Ihn F¶ \nebn ]Wn¡À¡v A`n am\n¡mhp¶ Hcp cN\Xs¶. 2004 Unkw_dn kp\man Zpc´w D­m bXnsâ c­paq¶p Znhk§Ä¡p tijw D¨tbmSpIqSn tIcfIS Xoc¯v kp\man hcp¶p F¶ Nm\ epIÄ hgnbp­mb apJya{´n D½³Nm­nbpsS {]Jym]\s¯ ¯pSÀ¶p­mb kw`h§fmWv Cu IhnXbnÂ. B kabw ]qhmdn\ Sp¯v Icn¦pf¯p­mbncp¶ Ihn Npäpw I­Xv acW`bt¯mSpIqSn s\t«m«tamSp¶ B_mehr²w P\ §sfbmWv. GXp \nanjhpw sX §nsâ s]m¡¯n DbÀ¶p hcm \nSbpÅ Iqä³ kp\man Xncame Isf¡pdn¨pÅ sImSpw`oXn. sXm« Sp¯v Imcyamb Ne\sam¶pan ÃmsX InS¶ ISensâ \nÝeZriy hpw. ]Wn¡À, B \nanj§fn acWs¯ apJmapJw I­p F¶v "kp\man¡v' F¶ Cu kqZoÀL Imhyw kv]jvSam¡p¶p. "When one Strays in to your life' F¶ {KÙs¯¸än tUm Pn _n taml³ X¼nbpw s{]m^ H F³ hn Ipdp¸pw ]Wn¡cpsS \memas¯ Cw¥ojv ]pkvXIamb "Whenone Strays in to your life' F¶ {KÙ¯nsâ Ah XmcnIbn tUm Pn _n taml³ X¼n Ipdn¨n« A`n{]mbw {it²b amWv. Cu kamlmc¯nse H«pan¡ IhnXIfnepw ]mÀizh¡cn¡ s¸«hcpsSbpw AhKWn¡s¸«h cpsSbpw in£n¡s¸«hcpsSbpw hàmhmbmWv ]Wn¡À {]Xy£ s¸Sp¶Xv . "AhKWnXÀs¡mcp acWm\´cip{iqj' (Requiem for the sidelined) F¶ IhnX hniZ ambn ]cnKWn¨psIm­v At±lw Nq­n¡m«n: ITn\ambn {]bXv\n ¡p¶ XnIª BßmÀYXbpÅ Fgp¯pImcpsS \o­ \nc Hcp `mK

¯p \njv ^ ew Im¯pInS¡p t¼mÄ Ahsc ]n´Ån F sI Pn skâdnsebpw, Cµncm`h\nsebpw A[nImcnIÄ¡p ap¶n HmÑm \n¨p \n¡p¶hÀ apt¶dp¶ Imgv NbmWv Cu IhnXbnÂ. When one strays into your life sâ {]apànIÀaw \nÀhln¨psIm­v s{]m^ H F³ hn Ipdp¸v ]dªp: ""..._wKmfn IhnXbnse hfsc {]apJ\msbmcp IhnbmWv Po_\m µZmkv. AIme¯n acn¨pt]mb Ihn. At±l¯nsâ t]cp ]dbp t¼mÄ _wKmfnItfhcpw HmÀ ¡p¶ asämcp t]cp­vþ _\eXm sk³. CXv BcmsW¶dnbm³ ]ecpw {ian¨n«p­v. _\eXbvs¡ gpXnb {]Wb IhnXIÄ hfscb [nIw BfpIsf BIÀjn¨p. _w Kmfn IhnXsbbpw B IYm]m{X s¯bpw ]än Pn F³ ]Wn¡À¡v AdnbnÃ. ]t£, ]Wn¡cpsS Cw ¥ojv IhnXIÄ ]eXnepw hcp¶ Iae _wKmfn IhnXIfnse _\e Xmsk¶ns\t¸mep­v. Her thighs are my sighs C¯cw Nne `mh\IÄ, A`n\nthi§Ä Xs¶. ]Wn¡cp sS an¡ IhnXIfnepw Cu Iae hcp¶p­v. FSp¯p ]dbmhp¶ IhnXIfnseÃmw Cu IYm]m{X ap­v... ""Pn F³ ]Wn¡cpsS hb "Ccp¸p\new'(B­n c­phÀjw Irjn \S¯p¶nSw) AÃ, "aq¸p\n ew' (IYbpw, t\mhepw IhnXbpw H¸w hnfbp¶nSw) BWv. \ncq ]Ww, \nco£Ww F¶nh thsd bpap­v. C{Xtbsd kÀKmßIam Im³ HcmÄs¡§s\Ignbp¶p F¶v \s½ AÂ`pXs¸Sp¯p¶ XmWv ]Wn¡cpsS kmlnXyPo hnXw...'' ]Wn¡À IhnXIÄ Cw¥ojn am{Xw IhnX cNn¡m³ ]Wn¡À Cw¥ojv `mj Xs¶ am[yaambn kzoIcn¨n cn¡p¶p. ""IaemZmkv Xsâ \nch[n t{] aIhnXIfn ]pcpj³amcpsSbpw kv{XoIfpsSbpw hnImcaqÀÑbnse imcocnI_Ôw DWÀ¯p¶ KÔw h¶n«p­v. DZm:"ZÀ]Ww' F¶ IhnXbn ImaqIoImapI³amcpsS \áicoc§Ä H¶n¨v {]Xn_nw _n¨p ImWn¡p¶ apJ¡®mSn kv{Xo]pcpj_Ô¯nsâ kuµcy hpw ssZ\yhpw hyàam¡p¶p. Cu IhnXbn t{]an¡m\mbn Hcp ]pcpjs\BhiyapÅ kv{Xo¡v

Ihn \ÂIp¶ D]tZiw C§s\: ""AbmÄ¡mbn FÃmw kaÀ¸n¡q/ \ns¶ Hcp kv{Xobm¡p¶ FÃmsa Ãmw/ \o­ XeapSnbpsS kpKÔ hpw apeIÄ¡nSbnse hnbÀ¸nsâ IkvXqcnaWhpw FÃmw'' Xsâ IhnXIfn AÂ]w hyXykvX amb {]Xn_nw_§fneqsS CtX Imhy^ew Dfhm¡p¶p ]Wn¡À. {i²n¡s¸tS­ Nne teJ\§Ä "CXp Rm\mWv' F¶ self - portrait Pn F³ ]Wn¡sc¡pdn¨dnbm³ XmÂ]cyapÅhÀ \nÀ_Ôambpw hmbn¨ncnt¡­ teJ\amWv . "About seventy four years ago (1937) I was born in a general ward of the Women and Children ' s Hospital, Thycaud, Trivandrum: (GXm­v Fgp

]¯n\mev hÀjw ap¼v Xncph\´ ]pcs¯ ssXbv¡ms« kv{XoIfpw Ip«nIÄ¡papÅ Bip]{Xnbnse Hcp P\d hmÀUn Rm³ P\n¨p.) F¶p XpS§p¶ Cu kz bw]cnNbs¸Sp¯Â teJ\¯n ]Wn¡À Xsâ IY Npcp¡n, sh«n ¯pd¶v, XnI¨pw kpXmcyamb `mjbn ]dªph¨ncn¡p¶p. \µntISnt\mSpt]mepw \µnbpÅh \mWv ]Wn¡À At±lw ]dbp¶p: ""Whatever help I extend to others, I never expect anything in return. There have been occasions when I am disheartened by the heartless ingratitude, thorough selfishness and undiluted malice on the part of some whom I have loved or helped in a selfeles way! More over, I am grateful to those who are thankless to me in spite of my help and support. Thanklessness, I think, should be more welcome than gratitude as the former makes you think deeply about human relations and life.''

(""Rm³ aäpÅhsc klmbn ¡p¶Xv Xncns¨s´¦nepw In«pw F¶ {]Xn£tbmsSbÃ. \nkzmÀ Yambn Rm³ kvt\ln¡pIbpw klmbn¡pIbpw sNbvX NneÀ Ft¶mSv lrZbiq\yamwhn[w \µn tISv Im«p¶Xpw XnIª kzmÀY XtbmsS IeÀ¸nÃm¯ hntZzjw {]ISn¸n¡p¶Xpw Rm³ I­n«p ­v, A\p`hn¨n«p­v. Rm³ ]n´p Wbv ¡ pIbpw klmbn¡pIbpw sNbv X hÀ Ft¶mSv \µntISv ImWn¡pt¼mÄ AhtcmSv F\n¡v \µnbmWv tXm¶pI. ImcWw \µn sb¡mÄ \µntISmWv PohnXs¯ ¸än IqSpX Bg¯n Nn´n ¡m³ \s½ t{]cn¸n¡pI!''

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t\mh D®n- Nm-gn-bm-«ncn

Df-f-d-IÄ

41 (Xp-Sˬ)

Ip

«nȦc³ \m«n h¶p. Ipd¨pImes¯ A ÚmXhmk¯n\pti japÅ ]p\cmKa\w. `mcymho«p ImÀ ]¨ ]nSn¨ hmÀ¯ tI«v F s´ms¡tbm e£yw h¨p sIm­p Å hchmWv. A½pIp«nb½bpsS FXnÀ¸ns\t]Sn¨v `mcyho«nte¡p t]mbnÃ. Ip«nȦc³ \m«n h¶n«ps­ ¶ hmÀ¯tI«t¸mÄ Nn¶½phnsâ DÅnse Ccp«n Hcp XpSpshfn¨w sXfnªp. AhÄ s\SphoÀ¸n«p. F{X Imeambn H¶p I­n«v. hnti j§Ä Adnªn«v . AÚmX

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hmkw \S¯n F{X thZ\n¸n¨p. HmÀabn \n¶v ambm¯ B Cjv Scq]sam¶p I®psIm­p I­m\ µn¡m\pÅ tamlw Nn¶½phnsâ a\Ên Ae Cf¡n. a\Ênsâ ASnbn \n¶v Hcp tamlmthi ¯nc s]m«n¸pds¸«p hoÀ¸pap«n¡p IbmWv. Xs¶bpw a¡sfbpw tXSn "Ip t«ymÄSѳ' Fs¶¦nepw Hcp Znh kw ho«ntebv¡p Ibdnhcpsa¶v Nn¶½p {]Xo£n¨p. ]t£, AXp ­mbnÃ. ]qc¡mew hcpt¼mgpw hÀj¡mew hcpt¼mgpw {]Xo £n¨p.

Ip«nȦcs\ImWm\pff Bi bpsS Xo{hX Nn¶½phns\ Akz Øbm¡n. H¶p ImWmsX C\n a\ Êam[m\w In«nÃ. B HmÀaIÄ¡v DWÀhv h¨ncn¡p¶p. Bfv \m«n FhnsSbmsW¶p hnNmcn¨n«m Xnc ªpt]mhpI, a¡tfmSpw AhcpsS XÅtbmSpw kvt\lhmÂkey§ fnÃmsX, Ahsc HmÀan¡msX C§s\ X¶njvS¯n\v Aeªp \S¡m³ BWp§Ä¡v F§s\ bmWv ss[cyw hcp¶Xv? F{X Ipäw sNbvX Bfmbmepw Ipt«ymÄSÑ s\ad¡m\pw shdp¡m\pw Ignbp ¶nÃ. B HmÀa Ct¸mgpw kz´w PohnX¯nte¡p sIm­phcp¶Xv kt´mjw Xs¶bmWv; B AI ¨ thZ\bpw. s]®nsâ a\Êpw kvt\lhpw Xncn¨dnbm³ ]pcpj\p ]änÃmbncn¡mw. H¶p ImWm³ tam ln¡p¶ Hcphsf¡pdnt¨mÀ¡m³ t]mepw... Nn¶½phnsâ I®p \\ªp. Xs¶t¯Sn Fs¶¦nepw Hcp \mÄ Ipt«ymÄSѳ hcpsa¶ ip` {]XojtbmsS Nn¶½p Znhk§Ä Ign¨p. A¶p ]I ]Xns\m¶paWn Bbn¡mWpw. Nn¶½p A½nbpsS apIfn apfIn«v Ac¨psIm­ncn ¡pIbmWv. At¶cw ]¯mb¸pc bnse Iptªma\ Nn¶½phnsâ ASp¯psN¶v ]Xnª kzc¯n ]dªp. ""Ip«nȦtc«³ h¶v­v. H¶p ImWWw ¶v ]dªp.'' tIÄ¡m³ sImXn¨ hÀ¯ am\w HmÀ¡m¸pd¯ptI«t¸mÄ Nn¶½phnsâ lrZbw BËmZw sIm­p Xpfp¼n. icocw tImcn¯ cn¨p. s\änbnse hnbÀ¸v ap­nsâ tIm´e sIm­p XpS¨v DÂIWvT tbmsS tNmZn¨p: ""Ip«nȦtc«s\\os¿hv S v ¶ m It­?'' ""AhsS FtUzmgo Im¯v \n¡vWv­.v'' ASnapSn lcw Ibdnb Nn¶½p


t\mh ]cnkct_m[w ad¶v apfIv A½n ¸pd¯n«v kt´mjm[nIy¯nsâ N¦nSnt¸msS CShgnbnte¡p ]mªp. CShgnbnse Imªncac¯W en Xs¶bpw Im¯p\n¡p¶ Ip«nȦcsâ AcnIn Ahsf¯n. lrZbanSpt¸msS Nn¶½p Ip«nȦ cs\ASn sXm«p apSntbmfw I®pgnªv kvt\l]mchiyt¯m sS Abmsf BkzZn¨psIm­p \n¶p. Ipd¨pt\cw aqIambn lrZbhn Imcw ssIamdn Xr]vXcmbXn\pti jw Ip«nȦc³ DÅp Xpd¡m³ {ian¨p. ""C{Xbpw Imew Hscgp¯pt]m epw Abbv¡msX Nn¶½qs\ad¶p Ignª Ft¶mSv tZjyw tXm¶ cvXv. £an¡Ww. Nn¶½qt\mSvÅ kvt\lw Fsâ a\Ên Ft¸mgpw D­mhpw. PohnX¯n ]cmPb s¸« F\n¡v \ncmisIm­p]änb XmWv Cu hogvN.'' Nn¶½phnsâ kv{XolrZbw B À{Zambn. kvt\lt¯msS `À¯m hns\angnbpgnªpsIm­hÄ tNm Zn¨p. ""\n§fn{XImew FhvSymbvcv ¶p?'' ""aZncmioÂ'' ""\n§fv aZncmioev h¨v thsd IeymWw Ign¨q¶v sNtemcv ]d ªp ]c¯vWv­tem.'' ""F¦n Nn¶½qs\At\zjn¨v Rm\n§«v htcz? AsXms¡ Akq b¡mcvs\mW]dbWXm. Ipt«ymfv c­mfzmWv kXyw Rm³ thsd IeymWw Ign¨v«vÃy.'' Nn¶½p Bizmkt¯msS s\Sp hoÀ¸n«p. AhfpsS apJw {]k¶ ambn. Ahfn {]kcn¸v hnSÀ¶p. AIw BËmZ¯pSn¸n \ndªp. ""eohv \m«n h¶t¸m ]ds¸ cbv¡se A¸pWym \n§fp thsd IeymWw Ign¨ Imcywt¶mSp ]d ªXv. HcqÊw \n§fv "sâ `mcy bv¡v Ieiemb AkpJmWvs¶ klmbn¡Ww'¶p ]dªv A¸p ®n Xmakn¡W Øe¯v sN¶q s{X. \n§fpsS IqsS Rm\mhpw¶v IcvXn Ah³ H¸w t]m¶t¸mI ­Xv thsd Hcv s]®nt\cv¶qs{X.'' ""l¼S IÅm! Ah³ C§ s\yms¡ ]dªqtÃm,a{Zmkn h¨v Rm\pw Ah\pw IqSn Hcp hg¡v­mbn. B tZjyw XoÀ¡m³ th­n Ah³ ]dªp­mtIys\m W¡YbmWv. \mSIIr¯mWtem Ah³. `wKymbn sI«pIY Nabv ¡m\dnbmw Ah\v... sImSp§Ãqc

½bmWv kXyw Rm³ thsd hnhm lw Ign¨n«ney.'' Ip«nȦcsâ BßmÀYXbn H«pw Ahnizmkw tXm¶nbnà Nn¶½phn\v. A¸p®n ]dªXv Ifhmbncn¡mw... ]Iho«m³ th­n shdpsX ]dªp­m¡nbXmhmw... au\w krjvSn¨ Ipd¨pt\c s¯ CSthfbv¡ptijw Ip«nȦ c³ abkzc¯n ]dªp: ""sâ hm¡v sâ Nn¶½p tI¡ Ww. s¶ hnizkn¡Ww. \nbv¡v Nn ¶½zÃmsX asämcm{ibw ey. Rm³ ho«nte¡p h¶m B XÅs¶ kzØambn Pohn¡m³ k½Xn¡n Ãy.'' ""\n§fv ho«vevbv¡v ht¶mfn³. XÅ H¶pw ]dbnÃy.'' ""B XÅ Xmakn¡W ho«nte ¡phcm³ F\n¡njvSaÃ.'' BtemN\tbmsS Nn¶½p tNm Zn¨p. ""At¸m F´m Nn¿ym?'' ""Rm³ ]dªm A\pkcnbv t¡ym?'' ""]dbn³'' ""Nn¶½p kz¯v `mKn¨v taSn¡ Ww.'' Xosc {]Xo£n¡m¯ B Bh iyw tI«t¸mÄ Nn¶½p \Sp§n. A kzØbmbn. kz¯pkq£n¡m³ {]m]vX\Ãm¯ hyànsb hnizkn ¨v apXep `mKn¨p taSn¨mÂ... Hc] ISt¸Sn Ahsf ]nSnIqSn. Hcp s]¬Ip«n hfÀ¶p hepXmhpI bmWv. F´p In«nbmepw F{X In«n bmepw [qÀ¯Sn¡p¶ kz`mh¡mc \mWv. [mcmfnbmWv. ASp¡m\pw AIem\pw h¿m¯a«n [ÀaZpxJ ¯n AIs¸«psIm­hÄ s\Sp hoÀ¸n«p. Nn¶½phnsâ au\w A\njvS ¯nsâ ASbmfamsW¶p Xncn¨dn ª Ip«nȦc³ amÀZhkzc¯n tNmZn¨p: ""F´m A`n{]mbw?'' adp]Sn ]dbm³ IgnbmsX Nn¶ ½p a\x{]bmkt¯msS \n¶p. ""Fs¶ hnizknt¨mfq. Rm³ ]t­t¸mse {]hÀ¯n¡ney. F\n ¡v Nn¶½p IqsSeymsX Pohnbv ¡m³ ]ävWney.'' Ip«nȦc³ Nn¶½phnsâ apJ t¯¡v {]Xo£tbmsS Zb\obam bnt\m¡n. Ac£nXmt_m[w Ip«nȦc sâ A`n{]mbt¯mSv Nn¶½phns\ thKw ASp¸n¨p. kvt\ln¡m\pw kvt\ln¡s¸Sm\pw hfsc Bin ¡p¶p­v. hnhml¯n\ptijw Hcp kv{XobpsS c£I³ `À¯mhmWv.

Pohnbvt¡­Xv `À¯mhnsâ IqsS bmWv. k´pjvSn \ndª Hcp ]p ¯³ Zm¼XyPohnXw Nn¶½p kz]v \w I­p. AÑ\pw A½bpw a¡fpw ]ckv]cw kvt\ln¨pw kvt\ln¡ s¸«pw Hcp PohnXw. C{Xbpw Imew AhÄ¡\yambncp¶ B PohnXw t\Sm³ AhÄ tamln¨p. `mcytbm Spw a¡tfmSpsam¸w IÀ¯hyt_m [apÅ Hcp IpSpw_\mY\mbn kz ØXtbmsS Pohn¡m³ Ipt«ymÄS ѳ CÑn¡p¶p­mhmw... PohnXm \p`h§Ä Ipt«ymÄSÑs\]mIX h¶ Hcmfm¡n hmÀs¯Sp¯n«p ­mImw... Ipt«ymÄSÑ\v lrZb amäw kw`hn¨ncn¡mw... Ip«nȦcsâ Cjv S {]Imcw `mKw taSn¨v thsd Xmakn¡m³ k½XamsW¶v Nn¶½p AbmÄ¡v Dd¸psImSp¯p. Ip«nȦc³ e £yw km£mÂIcn¨ kt´mj t¯msS bm{X]dªp ]ncnbm³ {ian¨t¸mÄ Nn¶½p Bi¦tbmsS BtcmsS¶nÃmsX ]dªp: ""B A{ioIcw ]nSn¨ XÅ `mKn¡m³ k½Xnbvt¡m¶mkw ibw.'' ""AXn\p amÀKap­v.'' Ft´m \nÝbn¨pd¸n¨ a«n Ip«nȦc³ ZmÀUykzc¯n ]d ªp. A¯mgw Ignªv ]Xnhpt]m se FÃmhcpw IqSn \m«phÀ¯am\ §Ä ]dªv Nncn¨pckn¨v XnanÀ ¡p¶Xn\nSbn Nn¶½p bmZrÑnI ambn ZrVkzc¯n ]dªp: ""F\n¡v thsdt¸mbn Xmakn ¡Ww. `mKn¨p In«Ww.'' HmÀ¡m¸pd¯v `mKs¯¡pdn¨v Nn¶½phnsâ ISp¸n¨ kwkmcw tI«v aWnb\pw A½p¡p«nb½bpw sR«n. ip¸maWn tNmZycq]¯n Nn¶½phns\ angn¨pt\m¡n. Iptdt\ct¯¡v Bcpw H¶pw an­nbnÃ. aWnb\pw A½p¡p«nb ½bpw Nn¶½phn\v Xebv¡p shfn hnÃmXmtbm F¶pt]mepw i¦n¨p. ip¸maWnsb s]äp InS¡p¶ Ime ¯p ]nSnIqSnb at\mtcmKw Nn¶ ½phntebv¡p aS§n h¶pthm? Hcp ImcWhpw CÃmsX A]kvamc tcmKnsbt¸mse BIkvanIambn C§s\Pzen¸n¡m³... \nÈ_vZ\nanj§Ä \nch[nI S¶pt]mbt¸mÄ A½p¡p«nb½ s\©nSnt¸msS tNmZn¨p. ""\osb´mbo ]dbWXv. Xam titWm?'' ""AÃ, Imcyw Xt¶Wv.'' aWnb³ CSbv¡p Ibdn kwkm cn¨p. BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

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t\mh ""Hcp `mK¡mcyw Nmb¸otSyev h¨v Bscms¡ym ]dbWXv tI«p. Rm\X{X Imcym¡oey. C{]mhiy s¯ AbmfsS hchv XdhmSv sImfw tImcm\pÅ Zpcpt±it¯m tStWm?'' A½p¡p«nb½ Dd¨kzc¯n tIm]t¯msS ]dªp: ""`mKn¡m³ ]äney. B sX ­nsS hm¡ptI«v A´eymb sNbvXm. þ Hcp s]¦p«ntÅs\sXcp hm[mcm¡m³ k½Xn¡nÃy.'' sNdnbtXmXnsemcp hm¡pXÀ ¡t¯msSbmWv A¶v B {]iv\w Ahkm\n¨Xv. CSbv¡nSbv¡v `mKs¯¡pdn ¨pÅ hm¡p]bäpIÄ B ho«n Ie¼ep­m¡n. "`mKn¨p In«ntb AS§q' F¶v Nn¶½p \nÝbKmÀ Vyt¯msS ]dªp. "`mKn¨p XcnsÃ'¶v A½p¡p«nb½ Dd¸n¨p ]dªp. FÃmbvt¸mgpw hmKzmZ §fpsS tImemlew Nne¼p¶ Hcp t]mÀ¡fambn amdn B hoSv. im´nbpw kam[m\hpw B ho«pImÀ¡\yambn. icn¡v DuWpw Dd¡hpw CÃm¯hcmbn B ho«n epÅhÀ. ]ckv]cw apjnb¯¡ Hcp hm¡pt]mepw C¡mea{Xbpw D]tbmKn¡m¯ B ktlmZco ktlmZc³amÀ ]dbm³ ]mSnÃm¯ ]pfn¨ hm¡pIÄ t\À¡phens¨ dnªv Ieln¨p. `mK¯À¡w Kr lm´co£¯n i_vZKvtLmj t¯msS InSp¶papg§n. B ho«n hg¡v Hcp \nXykw`hambn amdn. "N¯mepw `mKn¨pXcnsÃ'¶ A½p ¡p«nb½ AkµnKv[amb {]Jym ]n¨p. Poh\ps­¦n kz¯p `mKn ¨ptaSn¡psa¶v Nn¶½p shÃphn fn¨p. IpSpw_¯pÅhÀ At\ym\yw apJ¯pt\m¡mXmbn. kwkmcn¡m Xmbn. A½ aIsf I­m shdp t¸msS apJw Xncn¡pw. B§f s] §sf I­mepw AXpt]mse. Hcp Znhkw ANypX³\mbcpw cma³\mbcpw IqSn A½p¡p«nb½ bpsS ho«ntebv¡p h¶p. A\p\b ]qÀhw hnjbw AhXcn¸n¨p. ""AtXbv kz¯p `mKnt¨mS¡ Ww ¶p ]dªv s]®v R§sS A tcy¯v h¶ncp¶p.'' `mK¡mcyw tI«t¸mÄ A½p¡p «nb½ NqSmbn. ""ChSbv¡mcpw `mK¡mcyw ]d ªphc­. sâ I®SbWImew hsc Bcpw AXn\p tamlnt¡w th­. km[n¡ney.'' ""F¶mbmepw Hcp Znhkw Zv th­nhcpw. Å X§«v hoXn¨p

48

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

sImSp¯v Hgnhm¡zm \ÃXv.'' a[yسamcpw A½p¡p«nb ½bpw X½n ISp¯ hm¡p XÀ¡w \S¶p. hmKzmZ¯n\ptijw a[yسamÀ \b¯n kwkmcn¨v A½p¡p«nb½bpsS hmin ian ¸n¨p. tIm]w Bän¯Wp¸n¨p. D] tZi¯neqsS `mKm\pIqebm¡n. `mKw \nÝbn¨t¸mÄ Nn¶½p hnsâ [n¡mcw AXncpIhnªp. Hcp Znhkw BtcmSpw an­msX hnPbe£vanbpsS ssIbpw ]nSn¨v Nn¶½p Hcp hoch\nXbpsS Din tcmsS ho«phn«nd§n. ImWm³ tamln¨p­mb t]c ¡nSmhv hoSphn«v Cd§nt¸mb t¸mÄ A½p¡p«nb½bpsS DÅp s]m«n. Acpabmb t]caIfpsS hntbmKw A½p¡p«nb½sb k¦S ¡Sem¡n. cmhpw ]Iepw AhcpsS I®n \n¶v \oscmgpIn\ne¯p hoWp. aqIamb kÔyIfn Häbv ¡ncp¶v {]nb¦cnbmb t]caIsf HmÀ¯v A½p¡p«nb½ hnXp¼n. FhnsS \ns¶ms¡tbm AhfpsS ]mZkcInep¡w tIÄ¡p¶t]m se... Nnet¸msgms¡ "ap¯Èyt½' F¶v kvt\lhnfn ImXn h¶p apg§p¶Xpt]mse. A½bpw A\pP¯nbpw hoSphn «pt]mbt¸mÄ Ahsâ lrZb¯n te¡v hnIlhymIpebpsS thZ\ s]bvXnd§n. ho«n HtcIm´X A\p`hs¸«p. CW§nbpw ]nW §nbpw Hcpan¨p Ifn¨pw hnIrXn Im«nbpw Htc ta¡qcbv¡p Xmsg Pohn¨ Htc Hcp Ipªps]§sf HmÀ¯h³ Bcpw ImWmsX Ic ªp. Ipª\nb¯n Fs´¦nepw IpkrXnIm«nbm Ah³ sImSp ¡mdpÅ in£sb¡pdnt¨mÀ¯p ZpxJn¨p. Hcp sNdnb NpÅn¡s¼Sp¯v Ipdp¼p Im«nsb s]§fpsS ASp t¯¡p tZjyw \Sn¨p sNÃpw. "Im¡sS, ]q¨sS, Im«w hd¯v Idp apdp Xn¶Xmcv?'F¶v Ah³ tNmZn ¡pw. At¸mÄ A\pP¯n Rm³ F¶p ]dbWw. A§s\Gäp]d bm³ AhÄ¡p \mWw Ip¯pw. A t¶cw hSntbm§n \nÀ_Ô]qÀhw ]dbn¡pw. tate]d¼nse cma³\mbcpsS ]oSnIbn t]mbn hcpt¼mÄ bm ZrÑnIambn ip¸maWnsb hgnbn h¨p I­ Nn¶½p hmÂkey kzc ¯n ]dªp. ""tat\, \o¿v R§fpsS IqsS Xmaknt¨m.'' AhÀ tZjyt¯msS ]dªp: ""Cey. \n§sS H¸w Xmakn

¡m³ F\n¡njvSÃ.'' IqsSt¸mcm³ ]dªv Nn¶½p bmNn¨t¸mÄ Ien CfInb ip¸m aWn No¯ ]dªpsIm­v Xncn ªp t\m¡msX Bªp\S¶p. Nn¶½p Ahsâ ]n¶mse HmSns¨ ¶v At]£mkzc¯n ]dªp: ""tamt\, \o¿v R§sS H¸w \nt¶m. \½sfm¶mWv. A½mtaw ap¯Èyt½w C¸¡m«W kvt\lw F¶pw Im«o¶v hcnÃy.'' ""th­, Rm\m apSnb\mb X´ sS H¸wÃy. F\n¡v sXcphn \S ¶ ]n¨sX­m³ ]änÃy. B a\pjy s\hnizkn¨v \n§fv t]m­. NXn ¡pw. \n§fpw Ip«ow IjvS¯nem hpw. Rm\\ysâ Iqen¸Wn sNbvXn s«¦nepw \n§sf t]mämw. B a\pjy³ Not¯Wv. \µneym¯m BfmWv. AÑ\mWv ]dªns«´m Imcym. ]e XhW \n§sf NXn¨ A\p`hw \n§¡v tÃy? \n§sS F{X ]­w hnäp Xn¶p. F{X Imiv taSn¨p Xn¶p? -PmU ]dªv ab¡n FÃmw ssI¡em¡n HSphn \n§sf hens¨dnbpw. ""Abv t ¡ms«. Hs¡ Rm³ klnt¨mfmw.'' shdpt¸msS Ahs\Xd¸n¨p t\m¡n Xe sh«n¨psIm­v Nn¶ ½p `qanbn AaÀ¯n¨hn«n Al ¦mct¯msS apt¶m«p \S¶p. Hcp aIt\¡mÄ aqeyw A½ bv¡v kvt\liq\y\pw \µnsI«h \pamb `À¯mhmsWt¶mÀ¡th, Ahsâ lrZbw IZ\¯nsâ I\ ¡mSmbn I¯n. angnIÄ Cud \mbn. ]eh«w h©n¡s¸«n«pw A½ bv¡ma\pjys\C\nbpw Xncn¨dn bm³ IgnªnÃtÃm.... A\p`h §Ä A½bv¡p ]mTam¡m³ Ign ªnÃtÃm... Xs¶ Häs¸Sp¯n A½ A\pP ¯nsbbpw sIm­v AÑsâ H¸w thsd Xmakn¡m³ t]mbt¸mÄ hnclZpxJhpw \ncmibpw kln ¡m³ h¿msX CSbv¡nSbv¡v Ah sâ I®p \\bpt¼mÄ A½p¡p«n b½ Ahs\kvt\lt¯msS Biz kn¸n¡pw. ""\o¿v hnjan¡­. s\W¡v R§fv­v. AhÄ¡p hepXv A h\m. B IŨ¦c³. s\W¡v cm{Xn AhfsU H¸w sIS¡m³ ]äneytÃm... B shŸmesâ H¸w sIS¡m³Å kpJw HmÀ¯v«m B Iq¯n¨n Bcpw th­m¶ph¨n«v HmSnt¸mbXv. CXns\ms¡ Ahsfm cp]mSw ]Sn¡pw. (XpScpw)


hymJym\w s{]m^: h«¸d¼n tKm]n\mY]nÅ

Fgp¯Ñsâ 37 kqàn-c-Xv\-§Ä

\

jvSambXp Nn´nt¨Xpta ZpxJn ¡msX XpjvS\mb{]m]yambpÅXp Iman bmsX B]¯phcpw ImetaXpta tamln bmsX Xm]s¯ kln¸h³ ]WvUnX\ dnI \o (alm`mcXw DtZyK]Àhw) GXpta ZpxJnbmsX= H¶mtem Nn¨pw ZpxJn¡msX, XpjvS\mbn= kt´mjhm \mbn, A{]m]yambp ÅXv ImanbmsX = t\Sm³ Ignbm ¯Xns\¡pdn¨v B{Kln¡msX, tamlnbmsX= a\Êp]XdmsX, ]cn_v{`an¡msX, Xm]w= ZpxJw. ]WvUnXe£Ww hnZpcÀ XpS cp¶p: \jvSs¸«Xns\¡pdn¨p hn Nmcn¨p ZpxJn¡cpXv. kt´mj{] ]vXn¡pth­n e`n¡m³ {]bmkap ÅXv In«m³ B{Kln¡cpXv. B] ¯phcp¶ Ime¯v ]cn_v{`an¡

ta

cpXv. GXp ZpxJhpw kln¡m³ Icp ¯pt\SWw. C§s\bpÅ hnZzm\m Wv ]WvUnXs\¶p \o a\Ênem ¡pI. In«m¯Xp sImXns¡mÃmþ t]mbtXmÀ¯n­em­nSm B]¯pIfn tamln¡mþ \cÀ]WvUnX_p²nIÄ (hnhÀ¯\w: sImSp§ÃqÀ Ipªn ¡p«³ X¼pcm³) Imes¯ \ncq]n¨p IÂ]n¨p \nÝ bnt¨mþ cmekyw at[y XpS§oSmsX IÀaw sNbvXp ImehpahÔyam¡ns¡m­p hiym ßmhmbv ]men¨p ]pcpjmÀYw hmWoSp¶ h³ hnZzm³ Imes¯ \ncp]n¨p= Imew IÀ a¯n\v A\pIqeamtWm F¶p Nn ´n¨v, Bekyw at[y XpSÀ¶oSm

sX {]hr¯n CSbv¡p h¨v, Ae kX(aSn) \nan¯w \nÀ¯msX ImehpamhÔyam¡n = Imew \njv ^eam¡msX, hiymßmhmbn -= B ß\nb{´Ww DÅh\mbn, [Àaw, AÀYw, Imaw, tam£w F¶o ]pcp jmÀY§Ä ]men¨psIm­v, hmWo Sp¶h³= Pohn¡p¶h³. Imew A\pIqeamtWm {]XnIq eamtWm Ft¶mtemNn¨p thWw IÀaw XpS§m³. IÀaw XpS§n bm apS§msX kabw ^e{]Z ambn D]tbmKn¡Ww. C§s\ [À amZn]pcpjmÀY§Ä ]men¨p sIm ­v Pohn¡p¶h\mWv hnZzm³. ImemhtemI\w Imcykm[yw \rWmw (Imew A\pIqeamtWm F¶p t\m¡n IÀaw sN¿p¶ a\p jyÀt¡ hnPbw ssIhcn¡m³ Ignbq) F¶ D]tZiw ChnsS HmÀ¡pI. XoÀ¨bm¡n¯pSÀ¶oSpw {Inbbv¡nSbn \n¶nSm Imew t]m¡nÃ, hiymßmþ hh\mIp¶p ]WvUnX³ (hnhÀ¯I³: sImSp§ÃqÀ Ipªn ¡p«³ X¼pcm³)

PqWn P\n¨hÀ

bv 21 apX Pq¬ 20 hsc P\n¨hÀ ]et¸mgpw Cc« hyànXz¯nsâ DSaIfmbncn¡pw. GXp Imcyhpw c­v hit¯¡v Nn´mKXnsb kzm[o\n¡p¶Xv \nan¯w Hcp icnbmb Xocpam\w FSp¡m³ _p²nap«\p`hn¡pw. ChÀ _p²nam³amcpw iànbp ffhcpamsW¦nepw ]et¸mgpw kz `mh¯n kpØncX CÃm¯Xp aqew a\Ênse e£y¯n AYhm F¯mambncp¶ bYmÀY taJebn se¯msX Xmsgbmbnt¸mIpw. s]s«¶v t£m`n¡pIbpw AtX thKXbn kzbw im´\mIpIbpw

sN¿p¶ {]XnIcWioehpw D­m Ipw. ChcpsS kvt\l`mh¯nepw Hcp Zzµz`mhw ImWpw. Hcphi¯v kvt\lw {]ISn¸n¡pt¼mÄ adph i¯v AtXt]mse Ipäw Is­ ¯m\pff {iahpw XpScpw. kzbw ^enXhmk\bpffhcpw ^enXw ]dbm³ tijnbpffhcpw \b]cambn Imcy§Ä AhXcn¸n ¡m³ tijnbpffhcpambncn¡pw. "]gwsIm­v Igp¯dp¡p¶' ssi en¡mcpw C¡q«¯n D­mImw. temI¯ns\hm¡n hogv¯pw. a\Ênse B{Kla\pkcn¨v A [zm\n¡nà AYhm A[zm\n¨mÂ

Xs¶ In«p¶ Ahkcs¯ icn bmb hn[w {]tbmP\s¸Sp¯nÃ. ChÀ¡v AhcptSXmb Hcp \ne]m SpXd FÃm¯nepw ImWpw. CXmI s« tamcpw apXncbpwt]mse ]e t¸mgpw thdn«v \n¡pIbpw sN ¿pw. kzbw kpØncamb Hcp e£y t_m[hpw A[zm\ioehpw A\p\ bioehpw A´cwKw kzbw \nb {´W¯nepambm ChÀ F´pw t\Spw; hfÀs¶¯pw. ]t£ Chsc ]ndtIm«v hen¡p¶ kzbw kw`hn ¡p¶ A\ÀY§Ä Xs¶bmbncn ¡pw.

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

49


hmb\imebn s{]m^ sI ]n PbcmP³

"IÀa]Y¯n ImenSdm¯ HcmÄ'

B

ZÀi[oc\pw hnZym`ym khnN£W\pw XnI ª KmÔnb\pw, kÀ thmZb {]hÀ¯I\pw `qZm\{] Øm\¯nsâ Aac¡mc\pw, aZy hÀP\{]Øm\¯nsâ iàntI{µ hpw Ccp¯w h¶ `cWm[nImcn bpw, hmÂkey\n[nbmb Kqcp\m Y\pw, anI¨ hmÜnbpw XnIª ]WvUnX\pw, AKXnIÄ¡v A`b tI{µhpw, kvt\lk¼¶\mb Ip Spw_\mY\pw Bb alm\mbncp ¶p s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aY³. \njv ¡maIÀaw B ]pWymßmhnsâ Po hnX¯nsâ \ndhmbncp¶p. {]hÀ ¯\taJeIfnseÃmw At±lw F¶pw IÀa\ncX\mbncp¶p. FÃm cwK§fnepw apeyNypXn kw`hn¨p sIm­ncn¡p¶ C¡me¯v \njv ¡maIÀa¯nsâ ImhÂ`S\mbn BZÀiPohnX¯nsâ shfn¨ambn F¶pw {]hÀ¯n¨ncp¶ s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aYsâ PohnXw Gsd {it²bamIp¶p. \njv ¡ maIÀas¯ Nhn«nsa Xn¨v "\njv¡ÀaImaw' ]nSnapdp ¡nb `mcX¯n [Àam\pimk\w XeIogmbn adnªv [\m[n]Xyw IS¶p Ibdn Ccn¸mWv. im´nbpw kam[m\hpw kXy`mcX¯n \n¶p ]Snbnd§n. CXnÂ\ns¶mcp tamN\¯n\v "Hcp [mÀanI, B[ym ßnI, kmwkvImcnIhn¹hw' IqSn tbIgnbq F¶ Nn´bn kaql ¯n\pth­n A\pjvTn¡p¶ IÀa amWv kz[Àaw F¶p {]Jym]n¨v PohnXImew apgph³ Xsâ BZÀ i¯n Dd¨p\n¶v IÀa\ncX\mb alm\mWv s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aY³. sIm«mc¡cbn P\n¨v ]ebnS ¯mbn hnZym`ymkw sNbvXv aqhmäp ]pgbn hfÀ¶v kaql¯nsâ \·bn a\Êpd¸n¨v B IÀatbm Kn {]bmWw sNbvXp. IÀa]Y ¯n A[ym]I\mbpw, kmaqly {]hÀ¯I\mbpw, \mbÀ kÀhokv

50

Infn-¸m«v

BKÌv

2013

skmsskänbpsS Aac¡mc\mbpw lnµpaWvUehmZnbmbpw, tImsfPv s{]m^kdmbpw, kÀthmZb{]hÀ ¯I\mbpw, `qZm\bÚ {]hÀ¯ I\mbpw tImsfPv {]n³kn¸embpw, KmÔnamÀK {]NmcI\mbpw, IYm {]kwKI\mbpw IemImc\mbpw, A`nt\Xmhmbpw anI¨ IpSpw_\m Y\mbpw, aZyhÀP\{]Øm\¯n sâ \ndhmbpw, im´nZqX\mbpw, kam[m\¯nsâ {]hmNI\mbpw s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aY³ Ac§p\nd ªp\n¶p. _lpapJamb IÀa aWv U e¯n ImenSdmsXbpw ASn]XdmsXbpw BZÀiip²n Im¯p]peÀ¯ns¡m­v At±lw \njv¡maIÀaw A\pjvTn¨p. hmKv tZhX XncphhXmcw sNbvXv \m hn³ Xp¼n sNmcnªp sImSp¯ hc{]kmZ¯m `mcX¯nse anI ¨ hmÜnIfpsS ap³\ncbn At± lw F¯n. AÀY]qÀWamb Pohn Xw F´msW¶v kzPohnXwsIm­v B almßmhv ]n³Xeapdsb ]Tn ¸n¨p. IÀatbmKnbmb s{]m^ F³ ]n a³aYsâ AÀY]qÀWamb PohnXw aebmfnIfpsS ap¶n Xpd¶pIm«p¶ D¯aIrXnbmWv tUm ]n tkXp\mY³ cNn¨ Fw ]n a³aY³: IÀa]Y¯n ImenS dmsX F¶ PohNcn{Xw. Bß\nÀ hrXnbn ebn¨v Hcp alZv{KÙw hmbn¨p a\\w sN¿m³ {]kvXpX PohNcn{XIrXn hmb\¡mcs\ t{]cn¸n¡p¶p. s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aYsâ _mey Imean{Xhpw Nnc´\kplr¯pw kl]mTnbpambncp¶ sIm«mc¡c sXcphn ]ctaizc³\mbcpsS aI\mb tUm ]n tkXp\mY\mWv Cu al¯mb IrXnbpsS cN\\nÀ hln¨n«pÅXv. s{]m^ Fw ]n a³a Ysâ hÂkeinjy³ IqSnbmb tUm tkXp\mYsâ DZm¯amb cN \mssienbpw \Àahpw D·njn

¯mb `mjbpw Cu {KÙ¯nsâ ta³a Iq«p¶p. Cu IrXnbn BZy hkm\w ]peÀ¯p¶ kXykÔX bpw BßmÀYXbpw Cu cN\m inÂ]¯nsâ Hu¶Xyambn \n ¡p¶p. tIcf¯nse kmwkvImcnI hIp¸v {]kn²oIcn¨ {]kvXpX IrXnbpsS c­mw ]Xn¸mWv C t¸mÄ tIcf `mj C³Ìnäyq«v ]pd ¯nd¡p¶Xv. s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aY sâ P·iXm_vZn BtLmjn¡p¶ kmwkvImcnI tIcf¯nsâ ap¶n B ]qWy]pcpjsâ PohnXIY Npcpfgnbp¶ Cu {KÙw {]Imih ¯mbn \n¡p¶p. s{]m^ Fw ]n a³aY³: IÀa]Y ¯n ImenSdmsX tUm ]n tkXp\mY³ tIcf `mjm C³Ìnäyq«v hne 110 cq]


tPymXn-jw Xm{´nI tPymXn-j³ {_Ò{io: Sn. sI. Zmtam-Z-c³ \¼q-Xncn

Cu amkw \n§Äs¡§s\...? 2013 BKÌv amks¯ \£-{X-^-e-§Ä Aiz-Xn `c-Wn ImÀ¯nI 1/4 taS-¡qdv aq¶n hymgw Ggn i\n cmlp [\\jvSw, IpSpw_t¢iw, IpSpw_¯n A`n {]mbhy Xymkw, sXmgn cwK¯v Btcm ]Ww, A\y Øet¯¡v {Sm³kv^À. ImÀ¯nI 3/4 tcmln-Wn aI-bncw 1/2 CS-h-¡qdv IpSpw_¯n hntijs¸« Imcy§Ä \S ¡pI, hnZym`ymkcwK¯v D¶XhnPbw, sXmgn km[yX, HutZymKnIcwK¯v DbÀ¨, _ÔpP\mKaw. aI-bncw 1/2 Xncp-hm-Xnc ]pWÀXw 3/4 anYp\ - ¡ - qdv P·¯n hymgw 5  i\n cmlp. a\t¢iw, k ´m\ZpcnXw, IpSpw_Ielw, Øm\Ne\w, kzP\hnclw, _ÔpIelw, A]ISkm[yX. ]pWÀXw 1/4 ]qbw, Bbneyw IÀ¡-S-I-¡qdv [\\jvSw, t]cptZmjw, sXmgn ZqctZiK a\w, XoÀYbm{X. aIw, ]qcw, D{Xw 1/4 Nn§-¡qdv sXmgnÂ]camb A`nhr²n, hnhmlmZn awKf Imcykn²n, Krlmcw`w, Krl{]thiw, hkvXp {Ibhn{Ib¯n em`w. D{Xw 3/4 A¯w, Nn¯nc 1/2 I¶n-¡qdv ]¯n hymgw, c­n i\n cmlp KpW tZmj k½n{iw. tcmKw, hm¡vXÀ¡w, hkvXp{Ibhn {Ib¯n \jvSw, IpSpw_ Ielw. Nn¯nc 1/2 tNmXn, hnimJw 3/4 Xpem-¡qdv P·¯n i\n cmlp ZpcnX^eamsW¦nepw 9 sehymgw KpWw sN¿pw. ]qÀhnIkz¯v ssI

hcpw, hkvXp{Ibhn{Ibw \S¡pw. hnZym`ymk cwK¯v ]ptcmKXn, Krlmcw`w, Krl{]thiw. hnimJw1/4 A\ngw, Xrt¡« hrÝn-I-¡qdv AjvSa¯n hymgw 12  cmlp i\n A]IS km[yX, sXmgn cwK¯v Btcm]Ww, a\{] bmkw, hkvXp {Ibhn{Ib¯n \jvSw, imco cnIamb AkpJw, hnZy¡v ]cmPbw. aqew, ]qcmSw, D{XmSw 1/4 [\p-¡qdv IpSpw_kuJyw, hnhmlmZn awKfImcy kn ²n, ]co£Ifn DbÀ¶ amÀ¡v, sXmgn em`w, _ÔpP\mKaw, IoÀ¯n, Krlmcw`{] thi§Ä, kÂk¦aw. D{XmSw 3/4 XncpthmWw, Ahn«w 1/2 aIc-¡qdv Bdn hymgw ]¯n i\n cmlp sXmgn \jvSw, ZpÀhyhlmcw, tcmKw, a\t¢iw, A] ISkm[yX, _Ô\w, hkvXp kw_Ôn¨ Ielw. Ahn«w 1/2 NXbw, ]qcp-cp-«mXn 3/4 Ipw-`-¡qdv A©n hymgw. k´m\kuJyw, hkvXp{Ib hn{Ib¯n em`w, ]qÀhnIkz¯v ssIbn hcpw, kwXr]vXn, IpSpw_ku Jyw. ]qcpcp«mXn 1/4 DXr-«m-Xn, tchXn ao\-¡qdv \men hymgw AjvSa¯n i\n kpJZpxJ k½n{iw. IpSpw_¯n t\cnb A`n{]mbhy Xymkw, [\\jvSw, AÀlXs¸«Xv XSªp sh¡s¸SpI. Zqcbm{X. A]ISkm[yX.

(40þmw t]Pn \n¶v)

kpµcImÞw {]hr¯nIfmWv Cu tNmZy§Ä ¡pÅ D¯cw. e£y]qÀ¯n ¡mbn, hn{iaanÃm¯, Acbpw Xe bpw adp¡nbpÅ alm{]bXv\w, AN©eamb Bßhnizmkw, kÀ thm]cn Cuizcm\pIqeyw Chbm Wv a[pcXcamb al¯mb e£y

km£mÂImc¯n\p th­ ASn Øm\LSI§Ä; Ipdp¡p hgnI fpw X«n¸pIfpaÃXs¶. hoc`à l\pams\ap¸¯napt¡mSn tZhK W§fpsS A\p{Klw klmbn¨p. kz´w kzmanImcy¯n\p k¼q ÀWambn kzbw kaÀ¸n¨p {]hÀ ¯n¡m³ l\pam³ kZm k¶²³. temI]cnNb¯n ap³]\mb Pmw _hm³, l\pamsâ Bßhnizmk

apWÀ¯pI F¶ ISaIqSn \nÀh ln¨t¸mÄ, e¦m]pcs¯bpw, cmh Ws\¯s¶bpw apÄap\bn \nÀ ¯n, B hmbp]p{X³ AhnSamsI Aánip²n \S¯n hnPb{ioam \mbn.]cn{iaimenIÄ¡v Cuizcm \pIqeyapÅt¸mÄ sImSnb B] ¯pIÄt]mepw `mKyt{kmXÊm Ipw F¶hkvXpX ASnhcbn«pd¸n ¡pIbmWv kpµcImÞw.

BKÌv 2013 Infn-¸m«v

51


Nm¯\nkw _nPp s_Â BÀSvkv

A«¸mSnbn inipacW§Ä IqSp¶p amjv....

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AXp kÀ¡mcnsâ B\pIqeyamSm...

kv{XoIÄ¡v {]kh¯n\mSm... kÀ¡mÀ Bbncw cq] sImSp¡p¶Xv...

Infn¸m«v hcnkwJym \nc¡v C³UybnÂ

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A©p hÀjw

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{]mb]qÀ¯n bmIp¶Xn\p ap¼pff hnhmlhpw.

C¯c¯nepff Hm¸tdj³ \S¯nbm kv{XoIÄ¡v In«p¶ XpI IpdhmWtÃm amjv...

hfsc Ipdhm... Sm...

AXn\pff hgn AhÄ thsd I­n«p­v amjv...

_b³Up sNbvX ap³e¡§Ä þ {]XnhÀjhmeyw C³Uybn ` 150/þ hntZi¯v US$ 40

aWnHmÀUÀ / Un Un / XpI F¯nt¡­ hnemkw : FUnäÀ, Infn¸m«v Xp©³kvam-cIw, sFcmWnap«w, aW¡mSv ]n.H., Xncp-h-\-´-]pcw 695009. t^m¬: 0471--2457473 Mail us: kilippattu@gmail.com

Printed, published, edited and owned by T. G. Harikumar published from Thunchan Smaraka Samithi, Airanimuttom, Manacaud P.O., Thiruvananthapuram - 695 009 and printed at Aradhana Printers, Pangode,Thiruvananthapuram.

Kilippattu August 2013 issue  

Kilippattu August 2013 issue Containing various articles

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