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ISSN 1821-9039 | www.sematanzania.org | issue #13

It’s possible

Tanzania’s Magazine for Children

and child marriage

Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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We believe It’s Possible

‘C’ stands for ‘Change’. It also stands for ‘Children’. And 'SEMA' is Kiswahili for 'SPEAK' ~ We believe that children can bring positive change in their society if they are given a chance to SPEAK & BE HEARD. We give children different platforms where their voices can be heard. Through the National Child Helpline (116), Happy & Sad Opinion Letters and this magazine, we collect their voices and share them with the world.

@SemaTanzania

Sema Tanzania

Sema Tanzania

We are happy to introduce our partners

www.sematanzania.org 2

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MO O LIY A Y

A

PEEK AT

THE INSIDE

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A Word from Sema

6-7

SDG 5: Tackling Issues Aecting Girls

8-10

Feature: Neema & Rosie Walivyokimbia Ukeketaji

12-13 Games 14-15 Quiz: Unafahamu nini kuhusu Ndoa za Utotoni? Managing Editor Itanisa Mbise Consulting Editor Kiiya J. K Writers Louis Matemba Kelvin Merul Roots & Shoots Creative & Layout Simiyu Kenn Printing Jamana Printers Cover Photo: Gonzalo Bell Location: Simanjiro Partner Organisation: NAFGEM

16-17 Story: Why the Mosquito Sings to the Ear 18-19 Did you Know? Je unajua? 20

UNCRC

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Vitendawili

24-25 Games 26-27 Dunia Yetu Mikononi Mwako 28-29 Rahisisha Masomo: Homework Helper 30-31 116 Stories: Simulizi za 116 32-33 Sema Wazazi: Mambo 4 muhimu anayohitaji kuyasikia mtoto

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A Word from Sema a wana na na wasichan a ya la u av w i in m aa fursa saw ema, tun apaswa kupewa an w a ya, n a w sa i k ha Kwa bahati mba a. sh ai m a ik at mu ambapo kusoma na k li na kuna sehe a wakati hi i in m aa an nazowap siyo kila mtu changamoto zi ufanikiwa. a ti pi hu a n wasicha yao na k a elea na masomo zi na kukutan hi o ot am g an mgumu kuend ch rasa wa 8 baadhi ya ose kwenye uku atika umri mdogo. Soma nazungumzia R tu & , li a hi m o ee le N to a a a kam Katik ewa k enye ujasiri san eketaji na kuol toto inavyosaidia na wasichana w mbani kwao ili kukimbia uk nsi Huduma ya Simu kwa M ji u waliotoroka maj kwenye ukurasa wa 31 ujifunze asichana. w 6 sa 11 a Simulizi Z vidokezo vichache o hidi ya watoto, ha ea d ez u g hu so i u il ek at k m u tu a uhula huu, isisha Masom kupambana n navyomaliza m ako ya mwisho. Tembelea Rah itihani yako! u a n ia ad ew m au em ani y Mwisho wa mwak kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mitih nakutakia kila la kheri kweny ia u T id . wa sa vitakavyoku yako. Ukurasa akika za mwisho ia d il a m m fa so u a k n i a n ik a na maraf Jaribu na ili kuepuka hofu Jaribu kila mmoj aba mingapi katika picha hii? . li ba m li ba m ichezo a mir adi. Tumekuwekea m ngo, unaweza kutuambia kun na unaweza kujishindia zaw pe bo pe a a 15 una chemsh o kwa njia ya posta ama baru mbali. k hi na visa mbali ututumie jibu la it d ha e hi ra fu u , cheza, soma na Fuatilia, jifunze om ingine, A Word Fr ual Hadi wakati mw ould be given eq sh d an s ht g ri ve equal is and in boys and girls ha nately, not everyone believes th ol and th bo e ev li be e w u t Sema, . Unfort ay in scho school and in life at make it harder for them to st opportunities at th face challenges some places, girls ke Neema ely brave girls li g age. em tr ex t ee d. m ee d cc su at a youn allenges an t some of these ch to escape being cut and married fight against ou ab lk ta e w e, eir homes In this issu ing to help who had to flee th to see what the Child Helpline is do 8 e g pa on e os R & e 30 6 Stories on pag to Take a look at 11 children and girls in particular. a few tips for you ic ed ar to sh s ce ve ti e’ w ac r pr harmful inute pan school yea e end of another ework Helper to avoid that last m th to g in m co e it our Hom And as you ar final exams. Vis . Good luck! r ou y r fo e ar ou ep pr challenges for y exam like a boss d at an th es le am ck g ta t d n re an may even t in diffe articles, we’ve pu Square Challenge on page 15 s ou ri se e th n ee he ers! In betw ily. T ail us your answ friends and fam to try with your st follow the instructions and m njoy! ju t importantly, E os M win you a prize, s. ie or st ad es, re d learn, play gam Follow along an Till next time,

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!

?

GUESS

“Psst....... can you keep a secret

WHAT WE HAVE FOR YOU

!

Something

new is about to happen....

WANAPLAY? Stay tuned ..... USICHEZE MBALI! Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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SDG

Tackling Issues Affecting Girls Tell us…What kind of world do you want to live in?

In 2016, leaders all over the world committed to work hard to achieve Sustainable Development through 17 Big Goals that we call the SDGs. But what is sustainable development? Sustainable development IS development that ensures people around the world live better, without damaging the planet. Development IS NOT sustainable when we waste and use all our resources now and damage the planet for future generations. Sustainable development IS when we all grow together and have equal access to rights and opportunities.

To achieve this, harmful practices like Child Marriage and Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) must end so that girls can live healthy lives, go to school and so that their freedom and rights are protected. Leaders have set a target: By 2030, they want to “Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation.” What do you think children can do to help end harmful practices like FGM and child marriage? Write to us and let us know what you would do to help end these practices and bring gender equality. Our Address is: The National Child Helpline, S.L.P 75267, Dar es Salaam.

Development IS NOT sustainable when one group is treated unequally and deprived of their rights. SDG 5 focuses on gender equality. World leaders know that it is important that both boys and girls have equal access to education and other opportunities.

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Lengo

Endelevu Kushughulikia Changamoto Zinazowakabili Wasichana Tueleze.….Ungependa kuishi katika dunia ya aina gani? Mwaka 2016, viongozi duniani kote walijiwekea malengo 17 ili kupata maendeleo endelevu. Malengo haya tunayaita Malengo ya Maendeleo Endelevu. Lakini je, maendeleo endelevu ni nini? Maendeleo endelevu NI maendeleo yanayowawezesha watu duniani kote kuishi maisha bora, bila kuharibu mazingira yetu. Maendeleo SIO endelevu endapo yanapatikana kwa kutumia rasilimali zetu vibaya na kusababisha uharibifu wa mazingira kwa vizazi vijavyo.

Ili kufanikisha lengo hili, ni muhimu kuondokana na ukatili kama Ndoa za Utotoni na Ukeketaji ili wasichana waweze kuishi maisha mazuri, kwenda shule na wapate haki zao zote. Viongozi wamejiwekea lengo: Mnamo mwaka wa 2030, wanataka “Kutokomeza vitendo vyote vibaya, kama vile ndoa za utotoni na za kulazimishwa pamoja na ukeketaji.” Unafikiri watoto wanaweza kufanya nini ili kupambana na vitendo kama ukeketaji na ndoa za utotoni? Tuandikie, utujulishe wewe ungependa kufanya nini ili kumaliza aina hizi za ukatili na kuleta usawa wa kijinsia. Anuani yetu ni: Kituo cha Huduma Ya Simu Kwa Mtoto, S.L.P 75267, Dar es Salaam.

Maendeleo endelevu NI maendeleo yanayowafikia watu wote bila kubagua na pale watu wote wanapopata fursa na haki sawa. Maendeleo SIO endelevu endapo kundi moja litanyimwa fursa na haki sawa. Lengo Endelevu la 5 linahusu usawa wa kijinsia. Viongozi wanafahamu kuwa ni muhimu kwa wavulana na wasichana kupata haki sawa ya kusoma pamoja na fursa nyingine.

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Letters from

Survivors of FGM

The National Child Helpline S.L.P 75267 Dar es Salaam. 11/09/2018

RE: HOW I RAN AWAY FROM FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION My name is Neema and I am 12 years old. I am from a village called Ngarawani in Mara and I had to run away from home because of Female Genital Mutilation. I started grade 1 in 2012. In 2016 when I reached grade 5, baba wanted me to be cut so that I could get married and give him a dowry. I did not want to be cut because I had learned at school that it had harmful effects. Mama Rhobi and her team often came to educate us on Female Genital Mutilation and they had festivals about it in our village where they taught about the harmful effects of cutting. I attended many of these festivals and learnt a lot so when I found out that Baba wanted me to be cut I was very unhappy. I tried to explain to baba and my family why I didn’t want to be cut, but baba refused to listen to me. He said I was disrespecting him and would bring him shame. When I saw that baba would not listen to me, I ran away from home. I was afraid of elephants because they had reached our village. I was also worried that snakes would bite me because I had to go through 8

bushes and a lot of grass so it was so easy for a snake to hurt me. Luckily, I got to the safe house without a scratch. When Mama Rhobi saw me she welcomed me warmly and took me to school while she tried to build good a relationship with my family back home. We only stayed with Mama Rhobi for a short time then she left the safe house and we were no longer well cared for like when she was there. I decided to return home even though the relationship was still not good. Although baba was given advice about the effects of cutting girls, he was not ready to listen. I returned home but I was very scared because I knew my life was in danger. When I arrived, baba beat me very much and when mama came to help me, baba beat us both. As soon as mama got a chance, she called Mama Rhobi to tell her what had happened. Mama Rhobi was ready to help me. Mama helped me escape the following day. I went to live with Mama Rhobi and continued with my studies. She worked hard to open a centre to help other girls like me because many young girls needed help. I was lucky to be one of the girls who got help. I thank Mama Rhobi and her team for their hard work in making this center of hope and for continuing to help other girls. NEEMA

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K S D T


nssee Liceen

No. 568

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Y duma cha Hu Kituo 267 75 S.L.P . Salaam Dar es ia n Tanza

Mtoto

Kituo cha Huduma Ya Simu Kwa Mtoto S.L.P 75267 Dar es Salaam. 11/09/2018

YAH: JINSI NILIVYOKIMBIA UKEKETAJI Kwa jina naitwa Neema. Mimi ni msichana niliyekimbia ukeketaji mwenye umri wa miaka 12 kutoka kijiji cha Ngarawani, mkoani Mara. Nilianza darasa la kwanza mwaka 2012. Mwaka 2016 nilipofika darasa la tano, baba alitaka kunikeketa ili nikishakeketwa niolewe, nimpe mahari. Sikuwa tayari kufanyiwa kitendo hicho kwasababu nilikuwa nimepata elimu shuleni kwetu kuhusu madhara ya ukeketaji kwani mama Rhobi na timu yake walikuwa

wakija kutuelimisha na walifanya matamasha pale kijijini kwetu. Nilikuwa nikihudhuria matamasha hayo hivyo nilivyojua baba alikuwa amepanga kunikeketa sikufurahi. Nilichukua hatua ya kujaribu kuwaeleza ndugu pamoja na baba yangu, lakini baba hakuwa tayari kunisikiliza na badala yake alisema namshushia heshima atadharaulika sana. Nilivyoona baba amekataa kunisikiliza, nilitoroka nyumbani. Nilikuwa naogopa tembo kwani walikuwa wamefika kijijini kwetu. Nilikuwa pia na wasiwasi wa kung’atwa na nyoka kwakuwa nilikuwa napita sehemu yenye majani mengi hivyo ilikuwa ni rahisi sana nyoka kunidhuru. Kwa bahati nzuri nilifika kituoni salama. Mama Rhobi aliponiona alinipokea vizuri na kunipeleka shule nikaendelea na masomo wakati huo wakiendelea kujenga mahusiano mazuri na nyumbani kwetu. Baada ya kukaa na mama Rhobi kwa muda mfupi, aliondoshwa kituoni tukawa hatupewi mahitaji yetu kama alivyokuwepo. Niliamua kurudi nyumbani kwetu japokuwa mahusiano hayakuwa mazuri kwani baba alipewa elimu na ushauri lakini hakuwa tayari kusikiliza. Nilirudi nyumbani nikawa na hofu sana kwani nilijua maisha yangu yapo hatarini. Nilipofika, baba alinipiga sana na mama alipokuja kunisaidia, baba alitupiga wote. Mama alivyopata nafasi alimpigia simu mama Rhobi akamueleza kilichotokea. Mama Rhobi alikuwa tayari kunisaidia. Mama alinitorosha siku iliyofuata nikaenda kukaa nyumbani kwa mama Rhobi huku nikiendelea na masomo. Alijitahidi kadri ya uwezo wake akafungua kituo kwani alijua wahitaji ni wengi na mimi nikawa ni mmoja wa wasichana waliyopata msaada. Namshukuru sana mama Rhobi na timu yake kiujumla kwa kuanzisha kituo cha matumaini na kwa kuendelea kuwasaidia wasichana wengine. NEEMA Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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The National Child Helpline S.L.P 75267 Dar es Salaam. 11/09/2018

RE: HOW I RAN AWAY FROM FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION My name is Rose from a village called Gusuhi. In 2016 when I was 11 years old, my mother wanted me to be cut. My grandmother was the one who told her I had to be cut. I didn’t want to be cut but Mama told me that all the women in our family were cut. It was a tradition. At school we had been taught about this cutting. They called it Female Genital Mutilation. We learnt what it was and its effects but when I returned home and told them what we had learnt, they did not want to listen to me.

Kituo cha Huduma Ya Simu Kwa Mtoto S.L.P 75267 Dar es Salaam. 11/09/2018

YAH: HISTORIA YANGU JINSI NILIVYOKIMBIA UKEKETAJI Naitwa Rose. Mimi ni msichana niliyekimbia ukeketaji kutoka kijiji cha Gusuhi. Mwaka 2016 nikiwa na umri wa miaka 11, mama alikuwa anataka kunikeketa. Bibi ndiye alikuwa anamwambia anikekete. Sikutaka kukeketwa lakini mama aliniambia kwamba mimi kwetu sote tumekeketwa. Shuleni tulikuwa tunafundishwa kuhusu ukeketaji na madhara yake lakini nilivyorudi nyumbani na kuwapa elimu hii ya ukeketaji, hawakutaka kunielewa.

I went to school and told my teacher what was happening at home. The teacher told me not to go home that afternoon. When evening came I went home but mama hadn’t returned so I went to my teacher’s house. My teacher told me to go to the Village Executive Officer, there I could get more help. I went and told the executive that mama wanted me to be cut. The executive told me to stay at his home and the next day he called mama Rhobi and told her my story. Mama Rhobi told him to bring me to her centre. She welcomed us so nicely and I told her that before I came to the executive I was afraid that my mother or grandmother would catch me.

Nilienda shuleni nikamueleza mwalimu. Mwalimu aliniambia nisiende nyumbani mchana kwahiyo mchana huo sikurudi nyumbani kula. Ilipofika jioni nilienda nyumbani lakini kwakuwa mama hakuwepo, nilirudi kwa mwalimu. Mwalimu aliniambia niende kwa mtendaji. Nilimueleza mtendaji kilichonifanya nifike ofisini kwake ni kuwa mama anataka kunikeketa, siku hiyo nililala kwake ndipo kesho yake alimpigia mama Rhobi simu na kumueleza kisa changu. Mama Rhobi alimwambia mtendaji anipeleke kituoni. Mama Rhobi alitupokea vizuri nikamueleza jinsi kabla sijafika kwa mtendaji nilivyokuwa naogopa. Nilikuwa nahofia kuwa mama au bibi wanaweza kunikamata.

Mama Rhobi took me to school and I was doing well in my studies. But when Mama Rhobi had to leave the center, I lost all hope and life became very hard. We stopped getting healthcare, food and even our basic school needs. Mama Rhobi had built a good relationship between mama and I so I asked mama to come get me because I did not want to stay at the centre anymore. I asked her to take me to a center called Hope for Girls and Women in Tanzania so that I could continue with my studies. Mama agreed and when we arrived Mama Rhobi welcomed us happily.

Mama Rhobi alinipeleka shule nikaendelea na masomo yangu vizuri sana. Lakini Mama Rhobi alipoondoshwa na kutuacha katika kituo, nilikosa muelekeo na nilipata shida sana. Tulikosa matibabu, chakula na hata mahitaji ya shule. Mama Rhobi alikuwa amejenga mahusiano mazuri kati ya mimi na mama hivyo nilimuomba mama anifuate maana sikutaka kuendelea kukaa pale kituoni. Nilimuomba anipeleke kwenye kituo kinachoitwa Hope for Girls and Women Tanzania nikaendelee na masomo yangu. Mama alikubali na tulipofika Mama Rhobi alitupokea kwa furaha.

Now I am back in school and I’m grateful to Mama Rhobi, community development leaders and all those who support girls in fighting abuse against girls like cutting (female genital mutilation) and child marriages. We see how you fight day and night so that people can understand that girls also have rights and are worthy of being valued in society. ROSE. 10

Sasa hivi ninasoma na sina budi kumshukuru mama Rhobi, viongozi wa maendeleo ya jamii na wote wanotuunga mkono kwa kupinga ukatili wa kijinsia ikiwemo ukeketaji na ndoa za utotoni. Tunaona mnavyopigana kwa hali na mali ili watu waweze kufahamu kuwa wasichana pia wana haki na wanafaa kuthaminiwa katika jamii. ROSE.

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Toa taarifa ya ukatili dhidi ya mtoto PIGA SIMU

NAMBA

Huduma hii inapatikana bila malipo mitandao yote Tanzania.

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GAMES Neema and Rose need to get to school. Help them find their way so that they are not late. START HERE! ANZIA

HAPA!

GAMES

Neema na Rose wanahitaji kwenda shuleni. Wasaidie kutafuta njia ili wasichelewe.

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Puzzle 3 (Easy, difficulty rating 0.38)

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Answers 1. If you answered (a), you are right! According to the Law of the Child Act (2009) of Tanzania and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), a child is anyone who is under the age of 18. 2. The answer is False! Although child marriage often affects girls, boys are sometimes forced to marry at a young age too. When this happens, they often have to drop out of school and take unskilled jobs to support their new family. However, when boys are forced to marry at a young age, it is usually to a child bride while most girls who are forced into child marriage are married off to men that are much older than they are. 3. Believe it or not, this is True! Child marriage takes place all over the world, across continents, cultures and religions – even in wealthy countries like the United States and United Kingdom. But it is much more common in developing countries because one of the main driving factors is poverty. 4. Did you say False? Correct! Although child marriage is more common in rural areas, children in urban areas are also sometimes forced into marriage at a young age. 5. The answer is False. Although the Law of the Child Act in Tanzania states that a child is anyone under the age of 18, the Law of Marriage Act allows girls to get married if they have reached 15 years (and boys only once they have reached 18 years). This is known as the minimum age for marriage.

5. The law in Tanzania prohibits child marriage. A. True B. False 4. Child marriage only occurs in rural areas A. True B. False 3. Child marriage also happens in developed countries A. True B. False A. True B. False 2. Boys do not undergo child marriage. B. Anyone below 14 years 1. A child is. A. Anyone below 18 years

You probably already know that child marriage is one of the violations against children’s rights. Perhaps you are even working to fight against it in your community. But: how much do you know about child marriage in your community and around the world? Take the quiz and then turn the page upside down to see if you got the answers right and learn a little more!

QUIZ

MARRIAGE

CHILD


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Tutumie ukurasa huu ukiwa umejaza jibu lako na unaweza kujishindia kitabu cha Hisabati cha darasa lako.

Mchoro huu una miraba mingapi?

Chemsha Bongo

Send us this page with your solution and stand a chance to win a Mathematics book of your level.

How many squares can you count?

Square Challenge

Majibu: 1. Ikiwa umejibu (a), umepatia! Kwa mujibu wa Sheria ya Mtoto (2009) ya Tanzania na Mkataba wa Umoja wa Mataifa kuhusu Haki za Mtoto (UNCRC), mtoto ni mtu yeyote aliye chini ya umri wa miaka 18. 2. Jibu ni ‘Si Kweli’! Ingawa wasichana ndio wanaathirika zaidi na ndoa za utotoni, wakati mwingine wavulana pia wanalazimishwa kuoa wakiwa bado watoto. Mara nyingi hili linapotoke huwalazimu kuacha shule na kujitafutia vibarua ili kujikimu wao na familia zao. Hata hivyo, kwa kawaida wavulana wanapolazimishwa kuoa wakiwa na umri mdogo, bibi harusi nae huwa ni mtoto lakini wasichana wengi ambao huingia katika ndoa za utotoni huozeshwa kwa wanaume ambao wamewazidi sana umri. 3. Amini, usiamini hii ni Kweli! Ndoa za utotoni hufungwa duniani kote, katika tamaduni na dini mbalimbali – hata katika nchi zilizoendelea kama Marekani na Uingereza. Lakini mara nyingi ndoa za utotoni hufungwa katika nchi zinazoendelea kwa kuwa moja ya sababu kuu za ndoa hizi ni umasikini. 4. Umejibu ‘Si Kweli’? Umepatia! Ingawa ndoa za utotoni hufanyika zaidi vijijini, wakati mwingine hata mijini watoto hulazimishwa kuolewa wakiwa na umri mdogo. 5. Jibu ni ‘Si Kweli’. Ingawa Sheria ya Mtoto nchini Tanzania inasema kwamba mtoto ni mtu aliye chini ya umri wa miaka 18, Sheria ya Ndoa inaruhusu wasichana kuolewa wakiwa na miaka 15 (na inakataza ndoa kwa wavulana hadi wafikishe miaka 18).

3. Ndoa za utotoni ni tatizo katika nchi zilizoendelea pia A. Kweli B. Si Kweli 4. Ndoa za utotoni hutokea vijijini tu. A. Kweli B. Si Kweli 5. Sheria nchini Tanzania inakataza ndoa za utotoni A. Kweli B. Si Kweli 2. Wavulana hawaathiriki na ndoa za utotoni. A. Kweli B. Si Kweli 1. Mtoto ni…. A. Mtu yeyote alie chini ya miaka 18 B. Mtu yeyote chini ya miaka 14 Unafahamu kwamba ndoa za utotoni ni moja ya ukiukwaji wa haki za watoto. Pengine unashiriki katika kupingana na ndoa za utotoni kwenye jamii yako. Lakini je, una ufahamu kiasi gani juu ya ndoa za utotoni katika jamii yako na duniani? Jibu maswali haya kisha geuza jarida juu chini ili kuona kama umepatia majibu na ujifunze zaidi!

UTOTONI?

KUHUSU NDOA ZA UNAFAHAMU NINI


Why the Mosquito Sings to the Ear

A

long time ago, Ear and mosquito were very good friends. Ear was round and very beautiful while mosquito had a lovely voice. They did almost everything together and Ear enjoyed listening to Mosquito’s voice, so he often sang for her. Because Ear was so beautiful, suitors came from far and wide to court her. Many wooed Ear but she saw none fit to be with someone as beautiful as she. Mosquito was in awe of Ear’s beauty like everyone else in the land. He decided to try his luck and woo her. She enjoyed listening to him sing; perhaps she would accept his proposal. To Mosquito’s dismay, Ear looked at him scornfully. Mosquito was skinny and ugly – and despite his beautiful voice, Ear thought he was not at all fit to court her. She started laughing at his silly bravery. Ear laughed and laughed and laughed – she couldn’t stop! Ear laughed so hard that she burst right there and all her beauty was gone. From that day on, Mosquito and Ear were no longer friends but to this day, whenever Mosquito sees Ear, he reminds her of how vain she used to be in an annoying singsong voice.

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Kwa nini Mbu humuimbia Sikio. Hapo zamani, Sikio na Mbu walikuwa maraďŹ ki sana. Sikio alikuwa mzuri sana na Mbu alikuwa na sauti nzuri sana. Walifanya kila kitu pamoja na Sikio alikuwa anapenda sana sauti nzuri ya Mbu hivyo Mbu alipenda sana kumuimbia Sikio. Kwa sababu Sikio alikuwa mzuri sana, watu walitoka maeneo ya mbali kuja kumtolea posa. Lakini sikio hakuona mtu mzuri wa kuendana nae. Mbu nae alitambua kuwa Sikio alikuwa mzuri sana na alikuwa anampenda sana. Aliamua kujaribu bahati yake. Sikio alikuwa anapenda sana kumsikiliza Mbu akimuimbia; pengine angekubali posa yake.

Sikio alimshangaa sana Mbu akidhani kuwa licha ya sauti yake nzuri, Mbu hakwa mzuri wa kutosha. Sikio alianza kumcheka Mbu na kukejeli ujasiri wake wa kumtolea posa. Sikio alicheka na kucheka na kucheka huku akishika mbavu zake! Sikio alicheka kwa nguvu hadi akapasuka pale pale na uzuri wake wote ukaishia hapo. Kuanzia siku hiyo, Mbu na Sikio waliacha uraďŹ ki lakini hadi leo hii, kila Mbu anapomuona Sikio, anaimba wimbo wa kumchokoza na kumkubusha jinsi alivyokuwa na maringo kipindi alipokuwa mzuri.

Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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DID YOU KNOW?

1. Meaning. Female genital mutilation (FGM). The cutting of female genitalia for non-medical reasons. Child Marriage. Any formal or informal marriage where one or both people are under the age of 18.

2. Many girls and women undergo child Marriage and FGM worldwide. • About 200 million girls and women alive today have undergone some form of FGM. • Every year, about 12,000 girls worldwide are married before they are 18 years old. That is about 23 girls under the age of 18 getting married every minute.

3. Age.

• FGM is mostly carried out on young girls sometime when they are between 0 and 15 years old. • Any child married before the age of 18 has undergone child marriage.

4. FGM and Child Marriage in Tanzania. •

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3 regions with the highest rates of FGM are Manyara (58%) Dodoma (47%) and Arusha (41%). Check out page 24 to see other regions with high FGM rates and spot them on the map. On average, 2 out of 5 girls are married before they are 18 years in Tanzania.

5. People who can help. If you or someone you know is being forced into child marriage or to be cut, you can tell the following for help.

116

The National Child Helpline: This is a free telephone helpline for children and adults to call for help when a child has been abused or their rights violated. Call 116 for free and speak to one of our friendly counselors. Social Welfare Officers: They are given the duty of protecting children by the law. You can talk to a social welfare officer for help. They are usually found at District offices or District Hospitals. Police: The Gender & Children’s Desk: Some police stations have special desks for children and to deal with things like gender based violence. You can ask a police officer if they have a Gender & Children’s Desk and ask to talk to an officer from the desk for help. Local Government Leaders: Like your Ten Cell Leader, Village Executive Officer or Village Chairperson. They have a duty to protect children and help them get to service providers like Social Welfare Officers & away from danger. Women & Children Protection Committees: Your local government leaders, and even some parents form committees in wards to protect children & women and help them when they are in need. They can help you get to a safe place and get more help. Teachers: Teachers do more than just give you knowledge. They also have the duty of protecting children – your parents away from home. Talk to a teacher if you need help.

Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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1. Maana. Ukeketaji. Ni utaratibu wa kukata ama kuondoa kiungo chochote cha uzazi cha nje kwa wasichana au wanawake pasipo sababu za kimatibabu.

Ndoa za Utotoni.

Ni ndoa inayofungwa ambapo kati ya bibi ama bwana harusi ama wote wawili ni watoto – yaani hawajatimiza umri wa miaka 18. Mara nyingi ndoa hizi huwaathiri watoto wa kike zaidi.

2. Wasichana na wanawake wengi duniani kote huathiriwa na Ndoa za Utotoni na Ukeketaji.

• Takribani wasichana na wanawake milioni 200 walio hai leo wamepitia aina fulani ya ukeketaji. • Kila mwaka, takribani wasichana 12,000 ulimwenguni kote huolewa kabla ya kufikisha umri wa miaka 18. Hiyo ni sawa na wasichana 23 walio chini ya umri wa miaka 18 kuolewa kila dakika.

3. Umri.

Ukeketaji mara nyingi hufanyika kwa wasichana wadogo wanapokuwa kati ya umri wa miaka 0 na 15. Mtoto yeyote aliyeozeshwa kabla ya umri wa miaka 18 yupo katika ndoa ya utotoni.

4. Ukeketaji na Ndoa za utotoni nchini Tanzania

• Mikoa mitatu yenye viwango vya juu vya ukeketaji ni Manyara (58%) Dodoma (47%) na Arusha (41%). Tembelea ukurasa wa 24 kuona mikoa mingine yenye viwango vya juu vya ukeketaji na uitafute kwenye ramani. • Kwa wastani, wasichana 2 kati ya 5 huolewa kabla ya miaka 18 nchini Tanzania.

5. Watu wanaoweza kukusaidia.

Ikiwa wewe au mtoto unayemfahamu analazimishwa kuolewa au kukeketwa, unaweza kuwatafuta watu wafuatao kupata msaada.

116.

Huduma ya Simu kwa Mtoto: Hii ni huduma ya bure ya simu iliyopo kwaajili ya watoto na watu wazima kuomba msaada pale ambapo watoto wanapofanyiwa ukatili au haki zao zinapokiukwa. Piga simu 116 bure uweze kuongea na washauri rafiki. Maafisa Ustawi wa Jamii: Kisheria, maafisa ustawi wa jamii wana wajibu wa kuwalinda watoto. Unaweza kuzungumza na afisa ustawi wa jamii ili upate msaada. Mara nyingi ofisi zao zipo katika Ofisi za Halmashauri au Hospitali za Wilaya. Polisi. Dawati la Jinsia na Watoto: Baadhi ya vituo vya polisi vina madawati maalum kwaajili ya watoto na kukabiliana na kesi za ukatili wa kijinsia. Unaweza kumuuliza polisi kama kituo kina Dawati la Jinsia na Watoto kisha uombe kuzungumza na afisa wa dawati hili ili upate msaada. Viongozi wa Serikali za Mitaa: Mfano Mjumbe wa Nyumba Kumi, Mtendaji au Mwenyekiti wa Kijiji. Viongozi hawa wana wajibu wa kuwalinda watoto, kuwaondoa katika mazingira hatarishi na kuwasaidia kupata watoa huduma za watoto kama Maafisa Ustawi wa Jamii. Kamati za Ulinzi wa Wanawake na Watoto: Viongozi wako wa serikali za mitaa, na baadhi ya wazazi huunda kamati katika kata zao ili kuwalinda watoto na wanawake na kuwasaidia wanapopata matatizo. Wanaweza kukusaidia kupata mahali salama pa kukaa na kupata msaada zaidi. Waalimu: Waalimu hufanya mambo mengi mbali na kukufundisha. Wana wajibu wa kuwalinda watoto maana wao ndio wazazi wako ukiwa mbali na nyumbani. Zungumza na mwalimu wako ikiwa unahitaji msaada. Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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UN Convention on the Rights of the Child In Child Friendly Language “Rights" are things every child should have or be able todo. All children have the same rights. These rights are list-ed in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.Almost every country has agreed to these rights. All therights are connected to each other, and all are equallyimportant. Sometimes, we have to think about rights interms of what is the best for children in a situation, andwhat is critical to life and protection from harm. As yougrow, you have more responsibility to make choices andexercise your rights. Article 1 Everyone under 18 has these rights. Article 2 All children have these rights, no matter who they are, where they live, what their parents do, what language they speak, what their religion is, whether they are a boy or girl, what their culture is, whether they have a disability, whether they are rich or poor. No child should be treated unfairly on any basis. Article 3 All adults should do what is best for you. When adults make decisions, they should think about how their decisions will affect children. Article 4 The government has a responsibility to make sure your rights are protected. They must help your family to protect your rights and create an environment where you can grow and reach your potential. Article 5 Your family has the responsibility to help you learn to exercise your rights, and to ensure that your rights are protected. Article 6 You have the right to be alive. Article 7 You have the right to a name, and this should be officially recognized by the government. You have the right to a nationality (to belong to a country). Article 8 You have the right to an identity – an official record of who you are. No one should take this away from you. Article 9 You have the right to live with your parent(s), unless it is bad for you. You have the right to live with a family who cares for you. Article 10 If you live in a different country than your parents do, you have the right to be together in the same place. Article 11 You have the right to be protected from kidnapping. Article 12 You have the right to give your opinion, and for adults to listen and take it seriously. Article 13 You have the right to find out things and share what you think with others, by talking, drawing, writing or in any other way unless it harms or offends other people. Article 14 You have the right to choose your own religion and beliefs. Your parents should help you decide what is right and wrong, and what is best for you.

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Article 15 You have the right to choose your own friends and join or set up groups, as long as it isn't harmful to others. Article 16 You have the right to privacy. Article 17 You have the right to get information that is important to your well-being, from radio, news-paper, books, computers and other sources. Adults should make sure that the information you are getting is not harmful, and help you find and understand the information you need. Article 18 You have the right to be raised by your parent(s) if possible. Article 19 You have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, in body or mind.

Article 28 You have the right to a good quality education. You should be encouraged to go to school to the highest level you can.

Article 40

Article 29 Your education should help you use and develop your talents and abilities. It should also help you learn to live peacefully, protect the environment and respect other people.

If the laws of your country provide better protection of your rights than the articles in this Convention, those laws should apply.

Article 30 You have the right to practice your own culture, language and religion - or any you choose. Minority and indigenous groups need special protection of this right.

Article 32 You have the right to protection from work that harms you, and is bad for your health and education. If you work, you have the right to be safe and paid fairly.

Article 21 You have the right to care and protection if you are adopted or in foster care.

Article 33 You have the right to protection from harmful drugs and from the drug trade.

Article 22 You have the right to special protection and help if you are a refugee (if you have been forced to leave your home and live in another country), as well as all the rights in this Convention.

Article 34 You have the right tobe free from sexual abuse.

Article 24 You have the right to the best health care possible, safe water to drink, nutritious food, aclean and safe environment, and information to help you stay well. Article 25 If you live in care or in other situations away from home, you have the right to have these living arrangements looked at regularly to see if they are the most appropriate. Article 26 You have the right to help from the government if you are poor or in need.

Article 41

Article 42

You have the right to know your rights! Adults should know about these rights and help you learn about them, too.

Articles 43 to 54

These articles explain how governments and international organizations like UNICEF will work to ensure children are protected with their rights.

Article 31 You have the right to play and rest.

Article 20 You have the right to special care and help if you cannot live with your parents.

Article 23 You have the right to special education and care if you have a disability, as well as all therights in this Convention, so that you can live afull life.

You have the right to legal help and fair treatment in the justice system that respects your rights.

Article 35 No one is allowed to kidnap or sell you. Article 36 You have the right to protection from any kind of exploitation (being taken advantage of). Article 37 No one is allowed to punish you in a cruel or harmful way. Article 38 You have the right to protection and freedom from war. Children under 15 cannot be forced to go into the army or take part in war. Article 39 You have the right to help if you've been hurt, neglected or badly treated.

Article 27 You have the right to food, clothing, a safe place to live and to have your basic needs met. You should not be disadvantaged so that you can't do many of the things other kids can do.

Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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• Address: P.O. Box 9551 Dar es Salaam • Phone: +255-22-2118280

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FOMU YA KUJIUNGA Utaletewa nakala ya Gazeti la Sema kwa kujaza fomu hii. Taarifa zilizowekewa alama ya (*) ni lazima kujazwa. Jina Lako*: ________________________________________________ Shule Yako*: _____________________________________________ Anuani ya Posta: ___________________________________________

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Tusingefanikisha bila wewe, Asante

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Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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KITENDAWILI….

TEGA

1. Natembea nasikia wifi, wifi, wifi, nikigeuka simwoni 2. Popote niendapo, ananifuata 3. Nina Kamba ndefu lakini haiwezi kufunga kuni 4. Kombe la Mungu li wazi. 5. Swali: Daktari na mvulana wanavua samaki. Mvulana ni mtoto wa daktari, lakini daktari sio baba wa mvulana. Daktari ni nani?

Q: What never asks questions but is often answered? Q: I’m light as a feather, yet the strongest man can’t hold me for more than 5 minutes. What am I? Q: What begins with T ends with T and has T in it? Q: A doctor and a boy were fishing. The boy was the doctor’s son, but the doctor was not the boy’s father. Who was the doctor? Q: What gets wet when drying?

A: A doorbell.

A: Breath.

A: A teapot

A: His mother.

A: A towel.

5. J: Mama yake. 4. J: Kisima

3. J: Njia

2. J: Kivuli

1. J: Mbaazi

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EXPAND YOUR

KNOWLEDGE:

The 5 regions with the highest rates of FGM are: Manyara 58% Dodoma 47% Arusha 41% Mara 32% Singida 31%

9/24/20

NA

5 other regions with high FGM rates are: Tanga 14% Kilimanjaro 10% Morogoro 9% Iringa 8% Njombe 7%

FAHAMU ZAIDI:

Now, test your Geography. Can you find these regions on the map?

LAKE VICTORIA

Mikoa 5 yenye viwango vya juu vya ukeketaji ni: Manyara 58% Dodoma 47% Arusha 41% Mara 32% Singida 31%

INDIAN OCEAN

Mikoa Mingine 5 inayofuatia kwa idadi kubwa ya vitendo vya ukeketaji ni: LA K GA AN ET

KA NYI LAKE YI TANG AN K A

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Tanga 14% Kilimanjaro 10% Morogoro 9% Iringa 8% Njombe 7% Uko vizuri kwenye Jiografia? Tafuta mikoa hii kwenye ramani.

Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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9/24/2018

Word Search Generator :: Create your own printable word find worksheets @ A to Z Teacher Stuff

Try finding these regions in the NAME:_______________________________  DATE:_____________ Word Search. MAKE YOUR OWN WORKSHEETS ONLINE @ WWW.ATOZTEACHERSTUFF.COM

FGM K C K S U R L P V R W N K F K

M T G R F W V A R A M I T V X

W I P I N A U S N W P B H M G

K N Y D R K O R O G O R O M E

K N P U F N U K F M K S I K T

C I S U K G J W U P M U A A L

L H K L Z I V O A D I G N I S

A S A R A Y N A M B P G E Z P

I K D Q W Y M Q O B A A G Z E

M F U H G Q O A Q W E T E T O

N S Z S Q D I R I N G A A K V

D J O R A J N A M I L I K T A

N I C Z I S W J Y W S C J W H

V T J T K Z W D C Z Y R O I U

I S E N U B E H S S K L D M D

                           

MANYARA ARUSHA MARA     SINGIDA TANGA     KILIMANJARO MOROGORO     IRINGA   NJOMBE  

Jaribu kutafuta mikoa hii kwenye jedwali Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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Our World in Your Hands

Roots & Shoots and Sema both believe that Our World is in Your Hands. So, how well do you know your planet? Test yourself by ďŹ lling in this crossword then let us know what you are doing at school and at home to protect your planet.

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CROSSWORD Across

1. Illegal hunting of animals. 2. Turn something old into something new. 5. Caused by cutting down or burning of forests. 9. Some animals have become this because they were hunted too much.

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AIR POLLUTION

GLOBAL WARMING

HEALTH PROBLEMS

SOIL POLLUTION

FOREST PROBLEMS

SMOG

P U Z Z L E

Down

1. Cars, trucks, and buses do this to the air we breathe. 3. To use something again 4. We get this from animals and use it to fertilise the soil. 6. To make less rubbish. 7. We get it from trees and plants. 8. Can be harmful to animals if they eat it.

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Dunia Yetu Mikononi Mwako 01 AIR POLLUTION lorem ipsum

Roots & Shoots na Sema tunaamini kwamba Dunia Yetu iko Mikononi Mwako. Je, unayaelewa vizuri mazingira yako? Pima uelewa wako kwa kujaza majibu kisha utujulishe unachofanya shuleni na nyumbani ili ENVIRONMENT kulinda na kuboresha mazingira yako. WORLD DAY AT ABOUT

5 JUNE

ALMOST

15% Kwenda

MORE THAN

12% Kulia ROUGHLY

1. …………………………….wa WATER POLLUTION 32% 27% udongo 02 ni lorem ipsum matokeo ya namba 7. 3. Mabaki yake hutumika kutengenezea mbolea majumbani.

LIFE 04 GREEN lorem ipsum

POLLUTION CONSEQUENCES

5. Magari na viwanda huchafua ………………………… 400 300

GLOBAL WARMING

HEALTH PROBLEMS

6. Mbolea yenye asili ya mimea au wanyama. 200

100

FOREST PROBLEMS

2%

ALMOST

3%

SMOG

7. ……………………………… wa miti humaliza misitu.

03

ROUGHLY

SOIL POLLUTION

lorem ipsum Kwenda Chini

AT ABOUT

40%

NEARLY

5%

NEARLY

AT ABOUT

ALMOST

ROUGHLY

5%

1. Aina ya taka inayotokana na shughuli za nyumbani, hospitalini na viwandani.

12% 2%

2. ……………………… usipofanyika vizuri unaweza kuondosha virutubisho katika AT ABOUT udongo. ALMOST

13%

40% 4. Kuua wanyamapori.

ROUGHLY NEARLY 7. Namba (7) husababisha ………………

22%

15%

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Pellentesque venenatis, lacus vitae fringilla hendrerit, nisi enim sagittis nulla, in adipiscing erat mi venenatis lorem.

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HOMEWORK HOMEWORK

HELPER HELPER

It is almost time for the end of the year holidays. Before we take a break and celebrate, we have to face those end-of-theyear tests. So how will you have fun at school and still do great in the tests? These few tips might just help you. CONCENTRATE IN CLASS

Class time is the best place to get all the information you need to pass your tests. Teachers give us all the answers as they explain different things. It is important to LISTEN. Copying notes from the blackboard is not enough; you need to listen to what the teacher explains and add the new points to your notes, neatly.

PLAN AHEAD Make sure you have a schedule that shows how you will study all your subjects before the day of the tests. Try not to leave everything till the night before tests begin.

MAKE STUDY LISTS When you study, it helps if you list the points that are important. This will help you to memorise after you have understood everything. Your list should be short and easy to understand – don’t copy all your notes again. 28

ASK FOR HELP IF YOU GET STUCK This is very important. If you do not understand in class, raise your hand and ask your teacher. Your friends and parents can also help answer your questions, but you need to ask them. GET A GOOD NIGHT’S SLEEP On the night before your test, you can pass through the lists you’ve made over the pass few weeks. Read them carefully but do not strain your brain too much, by now everything is in your head and you need rest so that your brain can sort it all out – ready for tomorrow’s test. Good luck!

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RAHISISHA RAHISISHA MASOMO: MASOMO:

Likizo ya mwisho wa mwaka imekaribia, lakini umebaki mda mchache tu kufanya mitihani ya mwisho wa mwaka. Unaweza kufurahia shule na kufaulu mitihani yako vizuri kwa kufuata hizi mbinu chache.

SIKILIZA DARASANI Darasani ndiyo mahali unapoweza kupata ujuzi wote unaohitaji kufaulu mitihani yako. Waalimu wanatupa majibu wanapotueleza vitu mbalimbali. Ni muhimu sana KUWASIKILIZA. Kunakili mwalimu anachoandika ubaoni haitoshi, unatakiwa usikilize maelezo ya ziada anayotoa mwalimu na kuongezea vitu muhimu kwenye daftari lako kwa muandiko msafi. PANGA MUDA WAKO Ni vyema kujiandaa mapema. Hakikisha una ratiba inayoonesha namna utakavyosoma kabla ya siku ya mtihani. Jitahidi usiache masomo yote hadi siku moja kabla ya mtihani. TENGENEZA ORODHA Ukiwa unasoma, andika orodha ya vitu muhimu ulivyoelewa. Orodha hii itakusaidia kujikumbushia ukiwa umeshaelewa kila kitu. Orodha yako inatakiwa iwe fupi na rahisi kueleweka. Usinakili daftari zima.

OMBA MSAADA UKIKWAMA Hii ni muhimu sana. Kama hujaelewa darasani, nyoosha mkono na kuuliza maswali. Marafiki zako na wazazi pia wanaweza kukusaidia kujibu maswali yako. Hakikisha unawauliza maswali hadi uelewe pale ulipokwama. PATA USINGIZI WA KUTOSHA Usiku kabla ya mtihani wako, unaweza kupitia orodha zako ulizotengeneza. Zisome kwa umakini ila usichoshe sana akili yako. Sasa hivi, kila kitu kipo akilini mwako na inabidi upumzike ili ubongo wako uweze kupanga majibu vizuri na kuyaweka tayari kwa ajili ya mtihani wa kesho. Kila la kheri!

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STORIES

Dora is saved from Child Marriage

D

ora lived with her mother and brother in Mpwapwa. For most of her childhood, she went to school and was as happy as all her friends. But when Dora turned 16, her mother and brother stopped her from going to school and instead, wanted her to get married. One neighbour realised that Dora’s family had stopped her from going to school and was forcing her to get married. He knew this was against her rights and against the law so he called 116 for help.

30

Lilian, a child helpline counselor, listened to the neighbour and then contacted the Social Welfare Officer in Mpwapwa so that she could help Dora. Working together with leaders in Dora’s hometown and the police, the Social Welfare Officer was able to help Dora. Dora’s mother and brother were arrested and taken to the police station because they had broken the law and violated the rights of children by forcing Dora to stop going to school and get married. Do you have any questions about child abuse? Do you or any of your friends need to talk about abuse? You can call 116 for free and talk to our friendly counselors. Remember;

Ø 116

allows you to report about abuse which has happened to you or to any other child.

Ø 116

allows you to talk freely about your daily life and difficulties that you face as a child.

Ø 116

guides you in matters that you cannot share with anyone else.

Ø 116

helps you to know and to adhere to your responsibilities as a child.

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SIMULIZI ZA Dora anusurika na Ndoa ya Utotoni

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ora aliishi na mama yake na kaka yake Mpwapwa. Alipenda sana kwenda shule na kucheza na rafiki zake kama watoto wote wanavyopendaga. Lakini Dora alipofikisha miaka 16, mama na kaka yake walimkatisha masomo. Badala yake, walitaka aolewe. Jirani mmoja hakufurahia kitendo cha familia ya Dora kumzuia kwenda shule na kumlazimisha aolewa. Alijua kua hii ni kinyume na haki za watoto na ni kinyume na sheria hivyo alipiga simu namba 116 ili aweze kupata msaada. Lilian, mshauri katika kituo cha Huduma ya Simu Kwa Mtoto, alimsikiliza jirani kisha akawasiliana na Afisa Ustawi wa Jamii huko Mpwapwa ili aweze kumsaidia Dora. Kwa kushirikiana na viongozi wa serikali za mitaa na polisi, Afisa Ustawi alifanikiwa kumsaidia Dora. Mama na kaka yake Dora walikamatwa na kupelekwa kwenye kituo cha polisi kwa sababu walikuwa wamevunja sheria na kukiuka haki za watoto kwa kumkatisha Dora masomo na kumlazimisha aolewe.

Je, una swali loyote kuhusu unyanyasaji wa watoto? Je, wewe au rafiki yako anahitaji kuzungumzia ukatili kwa watoto? Mnaweza kupiga simu 116 bure na kuzungumza na washauri wetu. Kumbuka; • 116 inakuwezesha kutoa taarifa kuhusu ukatili ambao umetendewa wewe au mtoto mwingine yeyote. • 116 inakupa nafazi kuzungumza kwa uhuru kuhusu maisha yako ya kila siku na matatizo ambayo unakutana nayo kama mtoto. • 116 inakupa muongozo juu ya mambo ambayo umeshindwa kumshirikisha mtu mwingine. kujua na • 116 hukusaidia kuzingatia majukumu yako kama mtoto.

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Sema Wazazi 4 things your child needs to hear

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o you remember what it was like to be a child? Everything was new, so many firsts; first step, first fall, first spoon, first day at school. The list is endless and for a long time, you learnt new things and then re-learnt them. It is the same for your children, they have to learn and face so many new things; exciting as this is, it also comes with a certain fear and they will need to hear certain things over and over to build their self-esteem. Here are 4 things that children need to hear from you.

1. “I love you.” A child can never hear this too many times. Remind your children that you love them often, it will let them know you value them, give them confidence and teach them to value themselves. Your children need to hear these words so they might as well hear them from you. Give them enough love for it to spill over and be shared with others too. 2. “Iʻm proud of you.” Children crave your

approval and support. That is why they will often show you things they have accomplished like finishing their porridge on their own or getting all the answers right at school. You won’t always fully agree on how they do things, that drawing of stick characters probably 32

won’t win any prizes, but they need you to cheer them on anyway. As they grow and learn, they will need that pat on the back from time to time.

3. “I am listening.” Your children need to

feel heard by you. Listening to them will help you understand them better and strengthen the bond between you. You need to listen to your child with an open mind, ask them questions that will guide them in making the right decisions rather than telling them what to do all the time. It also helps to repeat what they have said back to them, so that there are no misunderstandings. This will help them feel like they can make responsible decisions and openly communicate them with you.

4. “This is your responsibility.”

Children should understand that making decisions comes with the responsibility of being accountable for them. So when your child makes a decision, let them know they will have to deal with the results and hold them true to this. This is an important lesson that will help shape them and allow them to make better decisions and become responsible in the future. Accountability is a crucial, if painful, lesson that they will need to learn

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Sema Wazazi

Mambo 4 muhimu anayohitaji kuyasikia mtoto

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atoto ni binadamu wadogo na si “viumbe mbadala”. Wanazo hisia tofauti-tofauti kama ilivyo kwa watu wazima; hisia za uoga, furaha, tahadhari na kwao kila jambo huwa jipya kwa muda mrefu, ndiyo maana hupenda kujaribu kila jambo mara nyingi iwe wanakosea au la. Ni muhimu sana kwa mzazi kutambua kuwa, kila jambo jipya huongeza hali ya uoga na kushusha hali yao ya kujiamini. Watoto wanahitaji misingi bora ya malezi itakayowasaidia kujifunza taratibu kwa kuyasoma mazingira na kuendana nayo, kujipenda, kupenda na kujali wengine, kutambua makosa na kujifunza kutoka kwako. Leo tunakuletea mambo 4 unayoweza kumuambia mwanao ili kumjengea misingi hii.

1. “Nakupenda.” Ukiwaambia watoto wako

unawapenda mara kwa mara, inawasadia kutambua kuwa wana thamani na huwapa furaha mioyoni mwao. Upendo huwapa mwanya wa uthubutu, kukosea, kujifunza, kukua na kustawi. Kumwambia mtoto “nakupenda mwanangu” humfanya atambue thamani na umuhimu wake, hivyo halitakuwa jambo jipya akisikia kwa mtu baki, atapata ujasiri na chachu ya kujilinda katika kipindi chote cha maisha yake.

2. “Najivunia kuwa na wewe.” Ili kukuza mtoto mwenye kujiamini, unahitaji maneno mazuri ya ziada kumhakikishia na kumthibitishia thamani yake. Watoto wanahitaji sana msaada na baraka zako, wanahitaji ithibati, upendo na kuwakubali. Ingawa unaweza usikubaliane nao katika kila jambo, huna budi kuwasifia katika safari yao ya kuelekea kujitegemea; jivunie kuwa nao.

3. “Nakusikiliza.”

Kuwasikiliza watoto pale wanapokueleza jambo huwasaidia kuelewa kuwa unajali mawazo yao. Fursa hii itakusaidia kumjua mtoto wako kwa undani ziadi, kuunganisha hisia na upendo baina yenu na kuepuka migogoro isiyo na sababu. Tilia mkazo mawazo yao kwa kurudia wanachokueleza na kuwauliza maswali yatakayowasaidia kujenga hoja sahihi. Hii itawahakikishia kuwa unatilia maanani na unawaskiliza barabara. Baada ya hapo, washauri na kuwasifia kwa kazi nzuri.

4. “Hili ni jukumu lako.” Uwajibikaji ni sehemu ya kujitambua. Mtoto anapoamua/anapofanya jambo iwe kwa usahihi au kwa makosa, kukabiliana na matokeo ni kipimo cha uelewa wake na ni njia ya kujifunza. Itakuwa ni rahisi kutanabaisha ni vitendo vipi chanya na hasi. Kuwawajibisha watoto huwajuza kuwa unaamini katika uwezo wao wa kufanya mambo mbalimbali. Bila uwajibikaji watoto hawawezi kujifunza kuyaongoza maisha yao ipasavyo. Sema Magazine - Issue #13 www.sematanzania.org

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EUROPEAN UNION TANZANIA

10/8/18 10:38 AM


Ubongo wa binadamu hukua kwa haraka kabla ya kuzaliwa na katika kipindi cha miaka miwili ya mwanzo wa maisha ya mtoto.

75%

Takribani ya kila mlo hutumika kujenga ubongo wa mtoto wako.

15

Mwanao akipata walau dakika za kucheza itamsaidia kuimarisha umakini wa ubongo wake.

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Jifunze zaidi kuhusu #Malezi kwa kusoma Nyuzi na makala za @SemaTanzania.

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NOTHING TASTES YUMMY AS MILK FROM....

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Sema Magazine Issue 13  

Tanzania's child magazine this time focuses on FGM. Do not know what FGM means? Worry out - we have it all covered in number ways including...

Sema Magazine Issue 13  

Tanzania's child magazine this time focuses on FGM. Do not know what FGM means? Worry out - we have it all covered in number ways including...

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