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sandvikstorget 20 DEC 2019

Sandvikstorget news is a newspaper made by Master Course “Open Form, New Wood,” in Bergen Architecture School (BAS). We want to give the information back to the local communities about what we have done in the last couple of months — regarding BAS projects, which usually don’t come out to the Sandviken area, where the school is located. Hence, we see the importance of sharing our knowledge with the local community and encouraging an open dialog and connection

between our school and Sandviken in the future. We began this project by trying to understand how Sandvikstorget has functioned in history (curious to know what was happening? more on pg. 00). Not only the past but a future plan by the developer is also something to look at (see more on pg.00). The role of a master student is never about gaining any profit. Still, we would like to practice in the best possible way as future architects to give the best scenario possible for the local communities.

This is why the quality of public space needs to be considered to make the area best for all the residents. When doing urban planning, usually, the residents are not involved due to the budget and limitation of time, but is this the best way to continue? It is crucial to narrow the gap between an architect or an urban planner to listen to the local community. Read more about why activation of the Sandvikstorget Christmas market means so much more than just a market. Pg.04


See what was happening at Sandvikstorget before today. Pg. 01


How do we bring the spirit of Christmas to life? Pg. 17


Why should people not visit Finland in summer? Pg. 18

Event 30.11.2019

This small bod was used to show the relation between the old and new, Sandviken and Bergen school of architecture and a display of how we work experimentally and with consideration for traditional norwegian building methods. check out more on page 7

The makers of furniture

Examples of how people used the furniture during the event. To see more, check page 9


Marco Casagrande is a Finnish architect, environmental artist, architectural theorist, biourbanist, social theorist, writer and professor of architecture (BAS). He is the Principal of the Casagrande Laboratory (2003-), an internationally operating multi-disciplinary design and innovation office. Find out the answer pg.22


HISTORY Sandvikstorget was first constructed in 1885. The same year the square had its very first public event held by Sandvikens Battalion. The square has changed during the years by the actions of the municipality or the residents. It has had a special meaning in the existence of Sandviken throughout history. Especially the tree has been changed several times due to regulations, sporadic events that reflect the state and mentality of society around us. Seemingly ordinary objects carry significant meaning and importance and value to our community and world. Even something as familiar as a tree can grow to heights, unimaginable is given care and acknowledgment. Our purpose as architects is to acknowledge the value in our surroundings and maneuver and position ourselves around them with care, consideration, and a little bit of courage. We, as a people, tend to love what we know, things we can create positive memory and relation to. Trees with their markable scent, the sensation of grabbing a tree trunk, the texture is familiar and stabilizing. The dirt we feel between our fingers, it’s tangible and soothing with therapeutic value. Concrete tends to lean more to the negative, more toughening memories, cuts and scrapes, potholes, and high cost. The concrete toughens us, but is this what we consider a value where we come to collect gather as a community? Seeing a dirt-filled square, stamped down with literal footprints of everyone passing through. The square once held these visual memories. The presented photos show some of these memories and events in the square starting from 1910 and our collective history.

Above left is a picture at Sandvikstorget. On the right is a local’s perspective on the current situation. Image from an article in Bergens Tidene.




Building law mandated to have an unbuilt open belt from the storehouses to the nearby settlement.

The bench was removed due to traffic conditions and was replaced by 2 benches on the South side.

Madam Felle was erected in the square.



Horse chestnut tree into private garden

The tree withered and was hit by a German military truck.



Sandviken square was constructed and expanded with a quay to the west.

A linden tree was planted as a replacement.

Sandviken Battalion has used the Sandviken square as its place of exhibition.


The yard was bought by Bergen municipality to be laid out as a street.

Teacher Chr. Lahn bought the tree from the municipality back and set up a bench around the tree.



2007 The Battalion celebrated its 150th anniversary, and the square was paved. The replacement tree from 1943 was chopped down for an unknown reason and replaced with a smaller tree. 2009 There has been christmas tree sale at the square.

Sandviken square was regulated for parking.

1979 Talking bench equivalent to the former bench. 1980 May 4, 1980 celebration with large audience, annual anniversary by christening the tree with beer.

2019 Christmas market.


FUTURE FUTURE Illustration from KPA.

Illustration from Bergens Tidene.

The proposal shows a principal axis which connects the mountain to the shore, and a proposal to activate it. The plan suggests changing Sandvikstorget from being a parking lot to a public square, which is also the main focus in our project. But how does the sketch proposal reflect this? The proposal was shown on the right hardly reflects this axis proposal, The new Kristiansholm is meant to be a bubbling metropolis(on Bergen scale of course). Still, this area isn’t targeting Sandviken, it’s merely throwing it a bone. The plans have met substantial critique from the community with the proposed building height, which is less than ideal for anyone already living in Sandviken. Any possibility of seeing the ocean goes out the window, and the bone is that you can take the fifteen to twenty-minute walk down to the shoreline and sit in a new park, which of course, is excellent on its own. But it’s hard not to feel overlooked and unheard when the shown proposal does not reflect a desire to shape the community, specifically in Sandvikstorget. Sandvikstorget has been an area of discussion in the past, it’s not currently a place to collect unless, of course, you receive cars. It’s not, in fact, a square, it’s a parking lot, a highly trafficked parking spot which in no way accommodates the need to pass through or the need to enjoy the shoreline. Development of Kristiansholm is a lengthy process, with many roadblocks on its journey, so what happens in the meantime? When you think about the future, what comes to your mind first? Is it a sunny day in a park with your family or a fantastic vacation abroad? It can be anything you wish, but the way there is more important right now, because it is going to take time before you reach the desired level, if ever. So sit back, enjoy your Seaview while you can, and hope for some sensible thinking. Take that lovely stroll through the parking lot down to the lumber yard and enjoy the sweet-salty air, or maybe we can start things off on the right end. Why not work from the top down? Addressing the conflicts of the community and asking what do you want? How do people in Sandviken want to enjoy Sandviken? This is your community; after all, one would think that you are the people to talk to!





EVENT 30.11.19 The event was not only happening at the square but also inside BAS. One of the other groups in our studio created a mystical installation with lights and shadows through wooden build elements in the silo basement. They held a small concert as well in one of the silo chambers. (Installation pictured on the right) The second-year students displayed models in the silo from the exhibition: Fragile situations. It was essential for us to arrange something in the school area to invite people who usually never have the chance to see inside the thick concrete walls. We wanted the school to be occupied by


BAS other people, too, aside from only students. At the mezzanine, there was a Pop-up Gallery with three artists who work very differently, but together are an exciting collection showing the relationship between art, architecture, nature, and community. (Pictured above) The gallery shows how the school can work as a flexible space for not only a school but multiple cultural events if there is a will. The building served the locals for so many years as a silo and has now been closed too long. It is time to open up and invite the people inside and become a space for sharing knowledge.




The event was a collection of different participants activating the square for one day. It is a collection of the people in the community and for the city, in a season with just that purpose, coming together. We invited people to sell some homemade things or old clothes at a small flea market. Because of the history of the square, it was essential to also include the Sandviken Battalion, who played drums and sold waffles. They have had considerable importance in the development of the square through its existence. One of our collaborators and sponsors, Joker, gave free cookies, and mulled wine. Søtt + Salt food truck came in with their bright red truck, where they sold out their entire inventory of buns and cookies. As an addition, an old veteran fire truck from Sandviken visited the square. It was once stationed in the old fire station in Sandviken, and for the day you could climb on board, take pictures all thanks to Bergen Brannstiftelse. The Fisheries museum was one of our collaborators, and they had their annual Christmas market on the other side of the road, inside the museum. Outside they had a blacksmith showing how they work. Sandviken Kystlag was also there and used our benches for their stand. The Fisheries Museum plays a vital role in organizing community events, showing not only the value of our history but also our historically significant relation to the sea. The location itself has been integral to the community. Still,

the value they bring now is more than bringing the community together, but it also is part of Sandviken’s identity now and tomorrow. The way we organized everything in the square was partly due to practical reasons with electricity but also to have easy access and flow around the square. An opportunity to see new potential in the square and maybe remember the previous value. A visual spark to what possibilities lie in this space and even on the coldest days have ideas of how we cant to take advantage of one of the open spaces in Sandviken. This Christmas market is a competitor for the yearly market at Festplassen. With the Fisheries museum and the outdoor spaces at the square, Sandviken could finally have their first taste of a more significant event happening not only in the city center but closer to the locals. Many of the bypassers couldn’t believe that we, students from BAS, had arranged something like this just for them. Some of them also said, “this is the first time BAS has come out and done something for the community.” What role could BAS play in the future? Not only having a historical building and location but also being a brewing pot of knowledge and creativity. How do we connect all the pieces and bring everything together?





Our intent with the bod was to repurpose it as a semi climatized space with minimal additions, then place it at the square to serve as a workspace for a few weeks as a first step towards activating the area. We added plastic vapor barrier sheets that easily could be removed before the occupation. The further we got in the process, the more we realized it needed to be opened for the event to allow a more free movement through and a more inviting layout. The structure had to be lifted and moved to the square with a crane due to its weight. We added a grid structure that would stabilize the bod for the moving process. Above is the bod leaving from the schoolyard, and on the bottom, it is taken away from the square. We didn’t actually end up spending time inside the bod to work, but instead, the

bod being empty most of the time and its gradual transformation, made the people passing by very curious. The change from this closed space into a more open shelter alongside the experimental implementations became very represented by the working method of the school. We named it the BAS BOD, and it was for many of us a unification of old and new, experimental and traditional and a comment on continuation and development. The intrigue in the bod became a fruitful starting point for dialog at the event, people wanted to be a part of something, and the bod started an internal thought process for locals.


Testing for the enclosed version with plastic walls — the structure was placed at Sandvikstorget for some weeks. The locals were wondering what the ‘Bod’ was and why it was behind the bus stop.



Sandviken Sandvikstorget og Norges Fiskerimuseum 30.Nov & 1.Des

I regi av Bergen Arkitekthøgskole og Julemarked på Norges Fiskerimuseum. Vi invitere til en hyggelig start på advent i lokalmiljøet med aktiviteter i og gjennom Sandviken!


Her vil du få mulighet til å oppleve alt nabolaget har å by på, noe godt å smake på, handle kortreiste julegaver, juleverksted og masse mer! instagram: julisandviken facebook: Jul i Sandviken

Event poster for Christmas market. Read more about the event on Pg.00 As much as we focused on seating and the pavilion, we also worked on a bod. It was initially a part of a master project done by Alicia Lu Lin in the spring of 2019, which was exhibited in the Fisheries Museum in the same fall. The structure itself was minimal and open and featured two walls consisting of old logs with cultural heritage status. (Pictures on the left)

The past lives of the old wood transform into a pavilion from Alicia Lu Lin’S diploma project from Bergen Architecture School. Above are images of the original design, which became part of the experimental “Open form.” Read more about Open Form on pg.14 (Pictures were above taken by Alicia Lu Lin)


A lot of wood is thrown away every day because the planks are either too distorted or the material has only been used for stacking, storing and drying other lumber. This is a problem that should be acknowledged and dealt with amongst us architects. Our oceans are getting filled with more plastic than fish, and we cut down trees to make dozens of millions of rolls of toilet paper, which vanishes down the drain pipes in seconds. How could we use our resources in a way that becomes a system

for different industries and disciplines to collaborate and minimize the waste we create? How could we start appreciating the time that is put into the products and to start thinking about our lives from a more critical point of view? We have it all already, but why do we need more? It’s a question with no correct answer. People usually value something the most when there is already an existing emotional bond between the person and an object or a place. The memories and feelings create a sense of belonging, but why do we still pick the new? Time and money have taken over our lives, and there is no place for the creativity we once had when we were little. It is our job as architects to engage the users to see the value in what we build and produce to appreciate what we already have. Not all old is reasonable and even possible to keep, but a balanced combination is key

to a more sustainable urban ecosystem. So how do we shift our mentality towards old and new? The reuse movement is still active, finding a second life or permanent placement for everything we use from coffee tablets to yogurt cups, everything can have a rebirth. The building industry on the other side is still in its early days for sourcing and using repurposed materials. Buildings account for 40% of the world’s energy usage, vast resources are going towards destruction and construction of buildings that are repurposable purely on under-researched financial reasoning. We are a society revolving around trends. They steer our economy and shape the world around us, but we can no longer afford to view recycling, reuse, and repurposing as a trend. Calling it environmentally conscience is parallel to eco-responsibility.



The roof was an essential part of making the bod a bearable space to be even in the ever-changing weather conditions. The bod necessarily didn’t have a shelter when we first started working with it. There was a frame structure which we took down to be able to build on top of it. We added battens to make the structure of the roof to hold up and to be able to add cladding on it. On the second layer, we put a sheet of building plastic to work as a vapor barrier and prevent water dripping into the bod. Also to make the bod a semi climatized space. The bod had also received an additional wall with graffiti covering the old wood. We took this away so as not to invite further unwanted tagging on the logs. We didn’t have any materials for the cladding before starting to build, but one trip to Neumann was like winning the lottery for us. We found an abundant amount of discarded strips of impregnated wood from the neighboring lumber yard adjacent to the square. They are used for spacing stacked lumber (they provide airing between, to avoid rot and distortion). We collected and repurposed the waste wood by using the pieces as shingles. It’s not a typical shingle roof but a modified version that was defined by the size of the material itself. The recycled wood is a near unlimited resource as the strips are disposed of after serving their purpose. We cut the pieces at 30cm in length, slightly shorter than the average 40cm as they

are approximately half the width of the average and to minimize waste. The distance between the battens is one-third of the length of a shingle, the shingle is hammered into place with one third covering the gap between the battens using a roofing nail. To finish the roof, we had to make several trips to get more of the material. We even checked other lumber yards because of the lack of the strips on different days. When finished with the roof, it was too heavy for us to lift it ourselves, so it had to be put up on the bod with a forklift. For the water to drain down the roof, there has to be a certain angle, so we put some additional bearings under the roof to lift it up on the other side. In this case, a rainy day is a good thing because the shingles will then swell up and get tighter together and prevent water from leaking.



UPCYCLE WALL Pressure locks wood in place in three points.


When deciding to take all the plastic and other wooden elements away, we wanted to fill one of the walls with a series of wood explorations. The mural represents a small collection of different ways of closing off while still being open and combining different materials. We used the shingles to show a part of the roof, which is not visible to the eye. Another easily made element was the thin woven pieces made out of the same material. We also added leftover branches that were cut off the Christmas trees. The green color of the treated wood is often considered as a bad quality, but in this case, it works when it is combined with other materials. How do we alter our perspective on quality and value? In the weaving, the nails are not nessary because of the technique they are put in the grid and locked in placed by contrasting pressure points.

The most tension is at the middle point, any weakness will increase the likeliness of the piece cracking

The longer the wood, the easier it bends.


Weaving and bending recycled wood at 1:10. Section 1:10









The relation between mind and paper was an essential part of the design process to visualize our thoughts and communicate them to others. The round shape came quite fast into the discussion, partly being inspired by the dominating round shapes around the essential elements at the square. Also, the idea of continuation from mountain to sea was an active part of the process. Models were a big part of the process as well, to explore a way how to create a flexible and moveable structure with possibilities of multiple uses such as a bench, table, roof, etc. The idea was to place furniture around the area as a fluid, continuing place



with some identity. By putting some furniture at the square on the other side of the street, we started to play with the idea of connecting the two sides. The furniture with their round shape creates more fluid spaces by making people face each other naturally.


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PAVILION Probably the hardest part for our group was the structure. Since we are not engineers, we don’t have the vastest knowledge of the many possible solutions for a structure to hold up and be healthy and stable enough. After a week of discussing different options and volumes with our colleagues and testing them on the real scale, we became desperate enough to try a totally new form of connecting the frames together. After that, we resolved the structure quite quickly, having built a stronger understanding of structural stability. On the right are different considerations of variations to the frames to connect them and making the structure stable. But because we wanted the frames to look as light as possible and not to make it a tunnel, adding more wood to it dragged us away from the original idea. The strength of the pavilion is in its temporality, flexibility, and adaptation. It can be a space to pass through, to stop, play, or serve as a shelter. Finding this susceptibility for change and adaptation to ensure a function for the future and life after. A possibility to improve the experience, a solution for space in between. Between development, seasons, the concrete stretch, and people. We found agreement in that the pavilion as it is now is actually better than our original idea. It is stable with minimal additions that only make it look better end enhance its qualities. We wanted the people to be able to go through it freely, and I think we succeeded in that in the end. The structure is simple but could be used in multiple ways. Walls and a roof could be added if needed to create a semi-climatized space. Preparing for the weather to be bad on the day of the event, we discussed to connect the pavilions with waterproof fabric to create possible spaces to sit under. We ended up using leftover pieces from the Christmas trees to use as a roof with lights on. It created a connection with the other elements we had in the square.

A series of pictures with explorations of structure. The first attempts where frames that ended up in a triangular form.

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89 5


WHAT WAS GOING ON IN THE WORKSHOP The bod worked as a hub for exchanging opinions towards the square from the locals, because who would know best what is needed there than the ones who live close by it. The event itself arose as an opportunity for the community to occupy the square and get a glimpse of what could be possible to happen there in the future without cars. It was a first attempt to start thinking and activating the place differently and to ask for more ideas of using it. We provided worksheets with an empty square and pencils and asked, what do you think? Draw your dream. Asking people what they want, is almost a taboo topic in the architecture world and almost only happens behind closed doors. Discussions in public are marketed to architects and are designed to be beneficial to the architect. So we argue that if people have something to say, they can come and say it. The title itself of an architect is not a protected title, it can be acquired through work

and experience. As we speak, you are the architect of your life, and I guess you could say that our job is to accommodate the shaped world to be an underlay for your living. But to not ask directly what you to want is not what we would do if we were building you a house. We trust you to know to an extent what you want and what you need. So for the public realm, it is essential to place the same trust and accommodate an environment for the community not only in their interest but also to allow showing value in the collective creative mind. We asked, and you drew your dream square with whatever your hearts desire. The bod had been in the square for a period, which awakened the curiosity of the people. An excellent starting point for us to include in our development and learning, going from theoretical community interests to concrete visualizations of what people want for their public space.

What do you think?

sandvikstorget These were our first sketch proposals as a possibility for the development of Sandvikstorget. It was a suggestion for people to comment on during the event and give their own opinions for the future. Earlier during the process, we analyzed the square and its actors to be able to present a draft and start a dialog with the locals. There are many ways to communicate, but we thought we needed a starting point to get the ideas flowing a bit easier. It doesn’t take an architect to realize that Sandvikstorget is filled with cars that dominate the space that once was meant to be occupied by the people. Still, some exploration had to be done. We took a look at how the people use the square today and how the cars affect their movement on and through the site.

physical barrier but also visual and noise. These could easily be changed by small elements. We imagine a place for the locals to enjoy and stay rather than merely pass by. There should be something for different people and for all ages. It is essential that the people living close by feeling that space is for them, not only for cars. They think that their opinions are taken into consideration when making the space to be able to think about the area as their own. All the people that came inside our bod were very interested in engaging and giving their opinions to make the square better for them in the future. Our own suggestion also received support and was even signed by some people.

Design-wise, one can already see some similarities with our future proposal (p. 15) with When arranging an event, we wanted it to be appealing and stress the importance of taking into consideration all ages. There were a lot of families at the event, and we made a coloring station for the children. They could draw a Sandviken of their dreams. The younger mind is less aware of what’s in the world. They dream of dragons and magic, and incorporating this

magic into our lives brings with it a richness and a sense of wonder. We also developed a scavenger hunt with questions about the square, with history and some local knowledge of places they may recognize, an activity for the whole family. It started at the tree, and from there, it went throughout the entire square, around our pavilions, and towards the BAS bod. The last point led the families to the Christmas market at the Fisheries museum, where they received some candy sponsored by the local grocery store, Joker. Local businesses are very willing and quite happy to be a part of bringing joy to children, it becomes a good starting point for bringing people together, and children tend to bring more life to public space despite being quite small!

Possibilities the round shapes inspired by the secure forms surrounding essential historical elements at the square. Alongside our project and collaboration with the Fisheries museum, it has become evident that the two squares on both sides of the road would benefit by being connected in the future to make the area more approachable and enjoyable for pedestrians. The trail is not only a






Model Workshop While the drawings were an essential part of the process, the 1:100 scale model we built of the square was fruitful for a response from the residents of Sandviken. The people were active just as we hoped and gave us many of their ideas using the model. We noticed the use of green in a lot of suggestions and some similarities to the drawings we got from the locals. Some wanted an ice rink while others were dreaming of a ‘gapahuk’ in the middle of the square alongside a massage place and a greenhouse. With the model, we were hoping to create an easily approachable atmosphere that could inspire some ideas for the future of the square. The model gave an excellent opportunity for the community to take the role of an architect and maybe a little more inside our world.














1830 Bygningslov (gitt mandat til å ha et åpent ubygd belte fra landshusene til den nærliggende bebyggelsen) Sandviks torgs åpne område.

1880 Hestkastanje i privat hage.

1885 Gården ble kjøpt av Bergen kommune for å bli lagt ut som en gate.

Sandvik Square ble konstruert og utvidet med en kai mot vest.

Lærer Chr. Lahn kjøpte treet av kommunen tilbake og satte opp en benk rundt treet.

Sandviks bataljon har brukt Sandvikplassen som utstillingssted.




1967 ??

Benken ble fjernet på grunn av trafikkforhold, ble erstattet med 2 benker på sørsiden.

Treet visnet, tre ble truffet av en tysk militærbil

Linden treet ble plantet (som erstatning)

Sandviks torg ble regulert for parkering.


1979 Talking bench equivilent to the former bench.




4. mai 1980 Ansiktsløftning, feiring med stort publikum, årsdag ved å døpe treet med øl.

Madam Felle ble reist på torget.

Sandvik-plasse n Bataljonen feiret 150-årsjubileum , Sandvik-plasse n ble asfaltert. Erstatningstree t fra 1943 ble hugget av en ukjent grunn og erstattet med et

2009 Nytt tre plantet; asalietre. Sandviks bataljon holder juletreutsalg

sandvikstorget CAR


car free zone no parking / parking zone in south speed limit 30

plant walls

bus stop both sides of the road tunnel

vegetation (trees, owers) street material (stones / brick)

cafe & terrace skatepark activity park shelter & roof ďŹ replace

outdoor kitchen


FURNITURE fountain & statue

outdoor gym bicycle


meditation room

social gardening common compost farmers market

swimming pool

benches & tables


taco truck

hammock place for imagination


pop up shop space 2nd hand shop




hanging & playhouse slider

lunch place (food truck) performance stage

From Workshop To Proposal 13

We compiled and analyzed the gathered wishes and suggestions from the locals at the event and categorized the elements into seven different groups shown on the previous page. From top to bottom, they are vegetation, kids, flexible space, activity, furniture, car, and traffic. This way, there are many possible solutions for activating the square that could be combined in the best way. It is crucial to keep in mind the residents

throughout the planning process to create the best possible place for them. And by systematically categorizing them, it became easy to abstract and organize the thoughts and proposals brought to us for a more unified design.



Academically, BAS is based upon the idea of the subject in the center And Open Form / inclusive architecture, a form theory established by Oskar Hansen (Poland) and continued in Norway by former Rector, Professor Svein Hatløy. The scientific approach to architecture requires unconventional teaching methods and makes BAS an educational alternative. Meanwhile, the BAS study a holistic program for sustainable development that focuses on landscape and climate as the basis for the architecture. Text from the school’s website.

o r m

f 14


One of the most discussed challenges is the road, it splits all connection to the sea and divides the square itself. But being a very compact neighborhood, there aren’t many alternatives to the city center. Recently a burst pipeline caused a

city-wide crisis, nearly every alternative into the city was shut down, and large numbers of people were sitting ducks, it reflected the importance of this one vein into the town so what alternatives are there for this city line. It also stressed the

importance of the light rail route, this is by far the most critical element in the square and going northbound. Looking at our possibilities, it’s hard not to draw parallels to Nesttun. Nesttun has also undergone a significant transformation

and struggles with similar issues, like the loss of customers to the city and large shopping malls like laguna. Given the circumstances, it’s nice to have small urban spaces that serve as an alternative to the mall craze.

BYBANEN 2FNorwegian-road-tunnel-cross-section_fig1_330713312 &psig=AOvVaw1J0yNFR_zC4A1zzuBmvW7f&ust=1576591328031000&source=images&cd= &ved= 0CAIQjRxqFwoTCJDX1smquuYCFQAAAAAdAAAAABAJ



THE POSSIBLE FUTURE We, architects, like to say that we never actually finish a project, everything lives on and develops before your engagement. We want to think that this possibility is just a step towards a more significant potential.





Why you should not in the summer go to


Why do we talk about Finland in a project that is located 1500 kilometers away? At the beginning of the semester, we made a study trip to the forest wonderland to learn about wood, cause that’s about everything we Finns have. It was educational for us, and now we can’t get enough. Norway is the country with the most beautiful mountains in the world, and we Finns have thousands of lakes and so many saunas that you could fit the whole population in all of them at the same time. To get a glimpse of the sauna experience in Bergen, you can try to go to one by Puddefjordsbroen or a small community sauna in Sandviken, built by students at BAS. You also can enjoy a sauna even closer, at BAS territory. We can’t promise that these saunas represent the real Finnish sauna spirit but quite close. We Finns bathe in the sauna, whether it is morning, evening, winter or summer. People used to even give birth in there because it was the most hygienic place in the home. We can go to the sauna whenever, wherever. The saunas could be one of the reasons why Finland has been announced to be the happiest country in the world twice in a row. We enjoy the sweet burn on our skin while having a cold beer and getting hit with a birch whisk by our friends. Then we either jump into a freezing glacial lake or roll in the snow. Okay, we do have other things to talk about than only saunas. Our prime minister is the youngest in the world, and she’s a woman! Also, the government consists of four other women who are under 35 years old. How cool is that?


• People: 5,5 million • Forest: 73% of land area • Lakes: ~190 000 • Saunas: 3,2 million

Traditional Finnish Blueberry pie Preparation time: 30-60 min Ingredients: Crust: 150 grams 1,5 dl 1 3 dl 1 tsp 1tsp 400 g

butter sugar egg flour baking powder vanilla sugar blueberries (frozen or fresh)

Crumb dough: 100 g 1 dl 2 dl

butter sugar flour

Directions: Blend sugar and soft butter together. Add other ingredients and blend the dough smooth. Spread the mixture into a greased pie form (~30cm diameter). Pour the blueberries into the structure and spread them evenly. Make the crumb dough by mixing all the ingredients into crumb and sprinkle on top of the blueberries. Bake in the oven at 200 degrees Celcius around 30 min.

Finnish christmas tarts, another classic.

Serve with vanilla custard or vanilla ice cream.


Invisible work

Community engagement sounds more like a pep talk, encouragement, trying to visualize this process appears almost like a small group meeting, not the grueling time chasm it is. We wanted to encourage the community to reclaim the square, perhaps someone to claim responsibility because surely this is a common interest we share. To use the square, that is, it’s the people’s space to come together and bring life to an otherwise everlasting stretch of grey. A phone call is never a phone call, it is rarely advertised who you can call for what, so pre phone call preparation is required. Google search is quite helpful for finding an initial number to call, if any, quite often, you are referred to an


email address, which is hardly useful if the aim is a glorified recruitment/pep talk. A lot of small community groups aren’t listed anywhere, but just a low-key group of people in the know or perhaps on some flier in some building which also isn’t advertised, this is a case of finding someone who knows someone. After seeing the first number to call, its rarely the person who can help, so they offer a series of names of people who, in most scenarios, are hard to reach, or worst-case scenario say will call you back. No one who says they will call back, ever will call back…. hold for a miracle. The people who need to call you back are so busy that they probably are too occupied to remember to call back.

This means repeat calls in the hopes this was the person to talk to. Forward to reaching the right person, after “recruitment,” begins email correspondence, which entails a day or two response time, possibly both ways depending on how busy you are making all those phone calls. The email correspondence should be near regular leading up to an event, this is the pep talk part, this shows them your engagement as well as a measure to avoid cold feet on their part and a cold sweat on your part. Any agreement that was made was almost surely verbal, depending on the scale of the event, but if it’s your first time, it’s spoken, and you wouldn’t have to rely so much on recruitment. The intensity and time

commitment the invisible work entails is the most intense if it’s a first-time affair because, as the seasoned farmers say, “Here in Sandviken if you do it once, it’s a tradition” who doesn’t want to be a part of a tradition?

sandvikstorget What is needed for a good urban public space? This is what Jan Gehl has been researching during his career. We have taken his criteria depicted in his book: and analyzed Sandvikstorget with them. Below we have listed the problems we found there and what improvements should be done to make it better. Here are some of the many books by Jan Gehl used to design public and city spaces: “Cities for People,” “How to Study Public Life,” “New City Spaces,” “New City Life.” This guy sure likes to write about the city, I speak for all architecture students here by saying, “Thank you so much for simplifying the intimidating topic of urban design for us.” This is almost an idiots guide, sometimes we need this in our coffee induced coma!

12 Urban Quality Criteria Protection


1. Protection against traffic and accidents. Areas for different traffic such as pedestrian, cycling, and cars need to be clear to experience traffic safety in the public space. Currently, one can not ride a bike safely and walk without fear of being hit by a driver.

4. Options for mobility. The square itself is currently accessible. The height difference of the pavement by the street limit personal mobility in the forms of walking, cycling, using a wheelchair, and pushing a stroller from the road to the square and back. People currently move in the space using illogical detours (movement analysis).

2. Protection against harm by others. The lighting of the square and busy street on the west side provide safety at all times of the day. Protection and security on the square can be improved by creating places where there are people and activities at all hours of the day.

3. Protection against unpleasant sensory experience. Public space is lacking shelter from intense sun, rain, and wind.

Enjoyment 10. Scale. The scale of public space needs improvement. Currently, there are no different zones or places in the square. Buildings that surround the square are a human scale.

11. Opportunities to enjoy the positive aspects of climate. Local climatic aspects such as wind and sun are not taken into account. Space needs improvement of public space for spending time at different times of the year. The seating options should be placed so that it is possible to enjoy the climate while all climate conditions. Protection against rain and wind needs to be improved.

5. Options to stand and linger. The place does not have enough features you can stay and lean on.

6. Options for sitting. There is only one bench on the square. During the right weather conditions, this bench is an important meeting place. Besides, there is some secondary seating.

12. Experience of aestethic qualities and positive sensory experience. Currently, the aesthetic qualities of the space are mostly depending on surrounding buildings and some vegetation. New design solutions need to concentrate on improving the aesthetic qualities.

7. Options for seeing. The surrounding offers impressive views. There is a need to place seating options, so there are exciting things to look at.

8. Options for talking and listening / hearing. The square has the right conditions for talking and listening, but options to stay/sit together and have a discussion are missing.

=qualities which need improvement at Sandvikstorget

9. Options for play, exercise and activities. The area is lacking options to be active at multiple times of the day and year.

What about our urban space?



Permanent placement ?

We have applied for permission to let the pavilions stay at the square permanently. They are placed in areas that are not meant to be for parking.

Life after the event 21

The event at Sandvikstorget was only a small part of the life cycle of the seating and tables. We donated some of them for the Fisheries museum to give more life to their

square. We also got questions from people who wanted to buy them or a classmate whose mother wanted one chair.

Art work by Kiia Nummenpalo




Densely placed wooden strips

Wooden strips, more open

Weaved strips

Weaved wooden strips

Polycarbonate plate

Triangular pattern

Weaved strips with different thicknesses

Thicker supporting structure

Hanging round plate

Square pattern

Polycarbonate as a corner wall

Thicker weaved wooden strips

AFTER LIFE We want to thank all our many sponsors and contributors for helping us giving this project such widespread! We wrote this newspaper as an opportunity to show how we, as architecture students, learn and try to engage in the community. installations and lighting activities. This time, Bergen Lights will feature during the opening of the anniversary year Bergen 950 years! Sorce :

How many Marcos could you find? The correct answer is 8.

Bergen Lights, the Bergen International Lighting Festival, will be held for the first time as a pilot on Friday, January 17 - Sunday, January 19, 2020. The aim is for the festival to characterize the city annually with lighting


2019 Autumn Master Course Open form: New Wood Authors Israa Amjad Ghozlan Mia Sofia Lahtinen Wu-lung Lu Kiia Nummenpalo Praewa Samachai Annika Paige Mediaa Sakashita Tutors Marco Casagrande Eva Kun Jacob Schroll