On March 16th, 1966, at street 704E Broadway, in Anaheim, California, Paul Van Doren and three partners opened up their ﬁrst ever store and the Vans dream was born. The Van Doren Rubber Company was unique in that it manufactures shoes and sells them directly to the public. On that ﬁrst morning, 12 customers purchase shoes which are made that day and ready for pick-‐up in the aPernoon. The Vans #44 deck shoes, which is now known as the Authen#c were born. Skateboarders who like Vans rugged make-‐up and s#cky sole are seen spor#ng Vans all over Southern California in the early 1970s. In 1975, the Vans #95, known today as the Era was designed by Tony Alva and Stacy Peralta. With a padded collar and diﬀerent colour combina#ons the Era becomes the shoe of choice for a genera#on of skateboarders.
Mark Webb, Vans BMX
Photo Manipula#on Manipula#ng images dates long before the inven#on of the camera, as portraits of people (as well as landscapes and scenes) were painted with a li[le "ar#s#c interpreta#on". As a result, many portraits of individuals were painted to be much more ﬂa[ering. This trend was brieﬂy bucked by Oliver Cromwell for a pain#ng of him by Sir Peter Lely, where Cromwell was alleged to remark "but remark all these roughnesses, pimples, warts and everything as you see me." This was later reduced by various accounts to "warts and all", and the phrase has become a idiom for truth telling, regardless of how ugly it may be. With the advent of photography in the 19th Century, kings and queens no longer had the ability to manipulate their painted portraits, and so could be photographed as an exact likeness. This trend was to set the precedent for photography producing true likenesses of people and events, with no room for fakery. However, along with pornography, photographic manipula#on began almost as soon as photography was invented. Some of the earliest recorded manipula#ons come from Civil War era America, where composite images were made of Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant. These early manipula#ons were done using inks, airbrushes and darkroom techniques, but since the 1980s, almost all manipula#ons have been done via computers. Airbrushing and photomanipula#on is now accessible to almost anyone and Adobe's Photoshop makes regular appearances on lists of most pirated soPware.
Alzheimers • Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of demen4a. Demen4a is a group of symptoms associated with a decline in the way your brain func4ons, aﬀec4ng your memory and the way you behave. • In Alzheimer's disease there is a progressive loss of brain cells. • The exact cause for this is unknown. However, there are a number of things thought to increase the risk of developing the condi#on, including: • increasing age • a family history of the condi#on • previous severe head injuries • lifestyle factors and condi#ons associated with vascular disease