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Minorities Looking Back Issue 2020

Groundbreaking Minorities Zenobia Ahsanuddin

Quiet Struggles: Claire Zhang Zara Yu

How do we Stop Racism Andrew Noel

Minorities in the Classroom Juliana Marston

The Fight of the Farmers Abeeha Zaidi

The Life of Louis Armstrong Alanna Gallager

Kinnelon High School

Colt Chronicle


INDEX 4

Looking Back at The Gay-Straight Alliance Club Shreyal Sharma

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African American Media Hits Haripriya Kemisetti

5-6

Learning About Minorities in the Classroom Juliana Marston

7-8

Groundbreaking Minorities Zenobia Ahsanuddin

10-11

Amanda Gorman’s Poem at the Inaguration Sarah Brechner

16-17

Three “Hidden Figures” Who Helped NASA Take-Off Shreyal Sharma

12-13

Top Disney Princesses Marissa Kosco

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The Life of Louis Armstrong Alanna Gallagher

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“The Imitation Game” Summary and Review Nathan Shurts

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Quiet Struggles: Claire Zhang Zara Yu

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The Fight of the Farmers Abeeha Zaidi

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Biden’s Busy First Month Max Shmalz

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New Bill Creates More LGBTQ+ Friendly Curriculum Eva Breiterman

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History of the Black Lives Matter Movement Lucas Marin

28-29

How Diversity Shapes Biden’s Cabinet Alex Garcia

30-31 Image from Wordpress.com

NBA Players Respond to the Storming of the Capitol Will Cappello


MEET THE EDITORS

Alana Van Der Sluys Newspaper Adviser

Camille Balo Editor-in-Chief

Julia Hackney World/Local Editor & Managing Editor

Abeeha Zaidi

Juliana Marston

Will Cappello

Managing Editor & Layout

School News Editor

Opinion Editor

Gabriella Avagyan A&E Editor

Ethan Burt

Dan Yu

Features Editor

STEM Editor

Mike Lally Sports Editor


By Shreyal Sharma, Staff Reporter

The Gay-Straight Alliance Club is a student-led organization that focuses on providing leadership opportunities and a safe platform for all LGBTQ+ students and allies. However, the club has a fluctuating history and has not been active throughout this year; since the rise of the pandemic, it has been hard to interact with members and attract students to join the club. Still, it is important to recognize the impact that GSA has had on the lives of many students, building a safe, welcoming, and accepting school environment for all youth, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. The GSA is an important club as it “advocates for improved school climate, educate peers and the community about LGBTQ issues, and helps provide a safe, supportive environment for all students free of discrimination, harassment, and intolerance,” says volunteer advisor and student assistance counselor Danielle Wysocki.

night in the auditorium and a clothing drive for LGBTQ homeless youth shelters in New York City. In support of continuing the club during a pandemic, junior Alexa Sales advises that “a teacher set should set up a Zoom link for everyone who wants to be in the club.” The club has been an essential part of the community in previous years, and many students like Sales feel that it should become active again. “Being part of Gay-Straight Alliance Club is like having more people around you that support you and love you for who you are; they care for you, and you can talk about anything with them,” says sophomore Hailey Cunningham.

In addition, student leadership is an essential component of GSA. The club must be run by student leaders because “we are dealing with LGBTQ+ youths, and it’s important for the people to have a leader who is having the same experience as its members,” says Junior Alicia Torres. “Some of the activities the GSA has [hosted] in the past include weekly meetings where students were provided a safe, supportive space to voice concerns, and/or plan educational events and social gatherings,” says Wysocki. The GSA has also held many other interactive activities at KHS in previous years beyond meetings, such as a movie

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SCHOOL NEWS Looking Back at The Gay-Straight Alliance Club The importance of LGBTQ+ inclusivity at KHS.


How do students learn about different groups and cultures inside the classroom? By Juliana Marston, School News Editor The world is filled with different cultures and people. In their education, students often start to learn about the diversity of the world, but to what extent? In light of Black History Month, it is important to evaluate how students learn about minorities and other cultures in the classroom. “I think it’s especially important to learn about other cultures today because the world is becoming increasingly more globalized. With the Internet, we are able to connect to people around the world, and I feel understanding someone’s culture does a lot to prevent misunderstanding or conflict,” says senior Maya Vaitovis. “Living in a culturally diverse world, students should be exposed to different view points to help better understand our American democracy and society,” says AP Government and U.S. History teacher Mathew Arroyo. “I believe the current AP curriculum and current KHS curriculum allows teachers the flexibility to teach a wide array of topics that relate to different cultures and backgrounds. The standards are broad enough to teach topics not thoroughly mentioned in textbooks such as the Tulsa Riot, lynching of Emmett Till, death of George Stinney, the Stonewall Riot, Cesar Chavez, and the American Indian Movement, to name a few.” There are specific units in current courses that relate to minority and cultural studies as well, especially in social studies. “A significant focus of the Period 8 (1945-1980) curriculum in AP History is about the Civil Rights Movement and related movements of the 1960s-Women’s Rights, American Indian Movement, Gay Liberation Movement, Youth Culture, Latino Activism, etc…, and in AP Government, a whole unit of the AP curriculum is focused on Civil Liberties and Rights. When applicable, I talk about

disadvantaged groups in American History as much as I can,” says Arroyo. “I think that when you think of academic development, students need to become understanding. In teaching my students different perspectives in history, it helps them become more well rounded as people,” says AP Capstone and U.S. History Honors teacher Peter Zablocki. “It’s important to do that because everyone carries their own baggage and by teaching about different cultures and races, it helps students become more understanding of what others are going through.” Teachers also have different approaches to teaching students about minorities and social issues. “In AP History, the African American Civil Rights Movement is always covered in February (fits the pacing of the course). I am very passionate about civil rights and feel that the best approach to teaching students about this topic is for them to see actual footage of what transpired,” says Arroyo. “I actually like to often have my students go explore opposing viewpoints; I give them a topic and have them critique and evaluate the different perspectives available,” says Zablocki. “I want my students to have some prior knowledge to the material whenever we start a new topic; I will assign sources and ask them to analyze them to better prepare for discussions.” However, only so much information can be packed into a single course; “I think they [teachers] try to incorporate it in their teaching but I feel like they have so much to teach us with the curriculum that they don’t get to going in depth on it,” says junior Beth Malone.

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Learning About Minorities in the Classroom


To better incorporate minority and cultural studies into students’ education, students and staff alike have their own solutions. “I would add maybe a subunit within each chapter/unit. Even if we discuss minorities and their experiences relative to a chapter we are learning for half of a class or one assignment on it, we should at least learn about it briefly so that students are educated on them and parts of history are not repeated,” says Malone. “A great course to add would be Civil Rights Movements in the 20th Century,” says Arroyo. “Because teachers do have to cover a large curriculum in U.S. history courses, they can’t spend too many weeks on the topic. For example, the Birmingham and Selma marches are covered in a few classes, but a teacher can really focus on these significant events for weeks.” “I think there has been a big push since I started teaching to incorporate information about minorities and social history,” says Zablocki. “We owe it to students to teach them different perspectives.”

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The context in which students learn about minorities is also important. “When students learn about minorities or other cultures in the classroom it’s always in the context of a Eurocentric historical timeline,” says Vaitovis. “Sure, we learn about African cultures, but only in the context of how slavery took it away from them. Granted, the courses offered (APUSH or AP GOV for example) don’t really allow for a deeper dive into other cultures.”


Groundbreaking Minorities All throughout history, minorities have broken stereotypes to break down doors in the STEM fields. By Zenobia Ahsanuddin, Staff Reporter

In the past, people of color have been underrepresented, especially in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields. However, the following individuals have broken down the barriers in the STEM community and left their mark, which may not have been possible in American history until now. Mark Dean: Both a computer programmer and inventor, he first kicked off his career in 1980 when he joined IBM as an engineer while working to receive his master’s degree in Electrical Engineering. Over time, he became a big part of the company and eventually became a holder of three patents out of the nine total patents. He also helped develop the Industry Standard Architecture (ISA) systems bus, allowing for easier connection when connecting other devices into a PC. Yet, he did not stop there; he went on to get his Ph.D. in electrical engineering and became responsible for developing the PC monitor in color as well as the gigahertz chip. Kimberly Bryant: Bryant first worked as an electrical engineer before moving to Silicon Valley, where she noticed that minorities were poorly represented. With a combination of how her daughter was being treated at a programming camp, she decided to create the Black Girls Code. It helped to introduce these young girls to programming under a nonprofit organization. Her efforts then proved successful when these young girls became significant leaders in their communities in the STEM field.

Katherine Johnson: Famously known from the film “Hidden Figures,” where she was known as the “human computer,” she helped launch the astronaut John Glenn into orbit. With the help of the other recognized women: Dorothy Vaughan and Mary Jackson, NASA was able to win the Space Race. Johnson helped to calculate trajectories, launch windows, and much more for many flights, which proved her to be critical to the Apollo Moon landing program’s launch. Vivien Thomas: After graduating with high dreams of attending college, those plans went down when the stock market crashed in 1929, resulting in losing his tuition money. He then worked as a lab technician at Vanderbilt’s medical school and helped conduct extensive research about traumatic shocks. Then, in 1941, Alfred Blalock, whom he worked under, rose to the top and became the chief surgeon at John Hopkins University and then brought Thomas along with him. Together, they developed an operating system that helped with the baby blue syndrome by increasing the amount of oxygen and blood that babies receive. Guion Bluford, Jr: During the Vietnam War, he flew 144 combat missions, which started his career in aerospace. Afterward, he received his master’s and Ph.D., while NASA became his goal. Then, from 1983 to 1992, he became the first African American to travel into space and even ended up making a total of four trips into space. He became a mission specialist for both the Challenger and the Discovery. Later, in 1997,

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STEM


Angela Benton: In 2007, she was one of the founders of Black Web 2.0, highlighting previous African American’s talents in the media and technology industries. She was then named one of the Most Influential Women in Technology in 2010 and continued to take on a new challenge in 2011. She then developed NewMe, which was a platform to help minority entrepreneurs.

Mae Jeminson: In 1977, she received a Bachelor of Science in chemical engineering from Stanford and became a Doctor of Medicine from Cornell. She then became a medical officer in the Peace Corps and then applied to NASA’s astronaut program. Then, in 1992, aboard the Endeavour, she became the first African American to go into space.

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he was initiated into the United States Astronauts Hall of Fame.

Photo courtesy of Unsplash

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About the Cover

The cover for this issue shows the figures of important minority leaders throughout history: Rosa Parks, Malala Yousafzai, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and Kamala Harris. There are many different minority groups all over the world, making it difficult to represent them all in this cover. We decided to choose major figures who have represented minority groups. Parks initiated the civil rights movement when she refused to give up her bus seat. Yousafzai advocates for women’s rights, specifically in education, and won a Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts. Dr. King helped lead the Civil Rights Movement and was important in the bus boycott and the March on Washington. Harris became the first female, African American, and Asian American Vice President. These are the people who represent minority groups around the world, so we found it fitting to feature them on the cover of our Minorities Looking Back issue. Illustration by Sammy Bassin & Zara Yu

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Amanda Gorman’s poem at the inaguration Who is Amanda Gorman, the young and talented American poet who performed at Joe Biden’s inauguration? By Sarah Brechner, Staff Reporter

Who is Amanda Gorman?

Amanda Gorman is an poet who, at the age of 22 years old, performed a slam poem at Joe Biden’s inauguration. She was born in Los Angeles, California in 1998. She received her education from Harvard University, and her work focuses on issues of oppression, feminism, race, and marginalization, as well as the African diaspora. Gorman was the first person to be named National Youth Poet Laureate. National Youth Poet Laureate is a title held in the United States by a young person who demonstrates skill in the arts, particularly poetry and/or spoken word, is a strong leader, is committed to social justice, and is active in civil discourse and advocacy. She has a strong, powerful voice that astonishes and amazes many, in addition to her ability to articulate herself as well as the issues she speaks about. It’s difficult to pull listeners and readers in. But as soon as she begins to speak, crowds fix themselves, their gazes, and their minds to listen and soak in all of her knowledge and insight.

Her Books

Gorman has two books at the moment: “The Hill We Climb” and “Change Sings.” One of the “books” is a poem, the poem that was recited at the inauguration of President Joe Biden. The other book is actually a lyrical picture book and is expected on Sept. 21. “The Hill We Climb” is the poem that she recited at President Biden’s inauguration and is “a gift to our country,” as some have put it. She takes every

single issue, every single movement, and every single problem that America has faced this year and explains that we are “not broken but simply unfinished.” I believe that was a truly great way to put it. “Change Sings” is a lyrical picture book that is about a young girl who leads a cast of characters on a musical journey. They learn that they have the power to make changes—big or small—in the world, in their communities, and most importantly, in themselves. It sounds amazing and I’d highly suggest reading or listening to this lyrical picture book.

How Has She Influenced The World?

Gorman is a brave speaker and poet. She wrote two amazing books (one, technically, a poem) and has opened up so many people’s eyes and ears to the racism, sexism, impressionism, and the marginalization that happens every single day. She is influencing people to see this and stop it. Her bringing awareness to these topics, even if it might not seem like it, helps a little bit every single time someone reads or hears her writing. She is young, talented, and an incredible writer who is changing the world day by day, poem by poem. Photo Courtesy of thaienews.blogspot.com

Editor’s Note: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in this opinion article belong solely to the author and do not reflect the view of The Colt Chronicle Staff, Kinnelon High School, or its students and staff members.

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OPINION

Amanda Gorman the show-stopping poet amazed many around the world on her white house inagration speech.

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Plenty of people talk about the issue itself, but nobody talks about how we fix it By Andrew Noel, Staff Reporter

Editor’s Note: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in this opinion article belong solely to the author and do not reflect the view of The Colt Chronicle Staff, Kinnelon High School, or its students and staff members. How do we end racism? It is such a simple yet consequential question and one that sooner or later, we as a society, even if we are too scared too, will have to answer. Ending racism won’t be a smooth process and will take some sacrifices from both major ethnic groups in America. However, the quicker we begin the process, the quicker, we as a country and as a society will heal. So what does the process of ending racism entail? There are three main points: one, have both sides (whites and African Americans) become more empathetic, two, change the way we teach younger generations about racism in America, and three, stop making things diverse for the sake of it. Point one, making both sides more empathetic. Have whites understand and acknowledge that blacks have been historically oppressed and desire freedom and equality, and have blacks realize that just because they are black, they are not immune from law enforcement. Doing this should help in stopping the racial divide and help in starting making societal issues about humanity, and society, not a race. Point two, changing the way we teach younger generations. Remember the Orlando nightclub and Las Vegas strip mass shootings? How gun rights became a huge issue in the aftermath of both events? Notice how now that no one talks about these events, gun rights are currently not an issue in the United States. The same thing can be applied to race. If we don’t teach the younger generations, say ages 4 to 12 about racism, they will never know that it existed and that there has been a divide between races throughout American history. Doing this will make them see both races in an equal light, and will not instill the ideas of white supremacy (as current teachings do) from a young age. Point three, not having diversity for the sake of diver-

sity. For the first time in American history, the white house press team is made up of all women. I have no problem with this if the women are qualified, but I can’t help but feel that they only got the job because they are women. This trend does not stop with President Biden’s press team but extends through his whole cabinet. However, I can’t help but feel that Biden made his cabinet diverse, just because he could. All this does is shove the issue of racism and sexism down the American people’s throats, and does nothing to stop the issue, but simply makes it worse. Racial tensions are at an all-time high in America right now. While a lot of people are protesting racial inequality, no one is actually talking about how we solve the issue at hand. If we, as a society, take the simple steps of increasing empathy from both sides, changing the way we teach our young kids about the issue, and stop making things diverse for the sake of it, then a lot of our societal issues in America will go away. It won’t be easy, and it won’t be quick, but the sooner we start the process, the sooner we will have the America we all know and love back, one country for all.

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How Do We Stop Racism?

Helpful Resources https://www.equalitynow.org/ https://www.hrc.org/ https://www.equalityhumanrights.com http://www.racialequityresourceguide.org

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Top Disney Princesses By Marissa Kosco, Staff Reporter

In 1937, Disney had set a new stage of productions. Specifically, the now well-known productions of Disney Princesses. Disney now has multiple well-known princesses such as Ariel, Cinderella and Mulan, some of which have multiple movies of their stories. As the fame of Disney princesses grew, there had been many controversies over the diversity of the princesses as many appear to be white but that has changed since; not only has Disney promoted stories of princesses around the world, but stories of minority princesses as well. 5. Tiana: The Princess and the Frog (2009) This film follows the storyline of two characters who had been turned into frogs and their journey to try to get back to their human selves. Not only does this movie carry the storyline of two humans trying to beat the clock before they are stuck as frogs forever but, it also portrays Tiana’s struggle as a black woman in New Orleans who is trying to make a business for herself.

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A&E

4. Moana: Moana (2016) Who better to lead her people to safety than the teenage princess herself? The story of Moana is a thrilling and rattling tale of a Polynesian girl who sets off on a perilous journey in order to protect her people. 3. Mulan: Mulan (1998) Like Moana, Mulan had been a leader who wanted to help save the people of her country. Being a chinese woman had not stopped her from joining the specifically only-male army. As the movie moves along, it shows her hardships as a woman in disguise within a male army. This movie has since been made into a live action film in 2020. 2. Pocahontas: Pocahontas (1995) The love story of Pocahontas and Captain John Smith is a famous one of U.S. history. This movie goes into detail of the love affairs between a while male in the “New World” and a female Native American and how their relationship had been frowned upon and almost forbidden in the New World. 1. Jasmine: Aladdin (1992) Although the story of the movie does not completely focus on Jasmine, she is still part of the final goal: for the lovable street urchin, Aladdin, to end up with Princess Jasmine. Although there are debates whether her ethnicity is arabic or Indian, the story still portrays many different cultural aspects of minority groups.

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Although there have been many controversial arguments in today’s world over the diversity within disney’s film making, it is clear that within the disney princess spectrum there has been an effort to include princesses from all around the world. This has allowed for disney to not only diversify their characters more but, has allowed them to incorporate many cultural aspects into their movies as well.


The Life of Louis Armstrong By Alanna Gallager, Staff Reporter

Louis Armstrong was born on Aug. 4, 1901 in New Orleans. Growing up he lived in a very poor neighborhood that was nicknamed “the Battlefield.” As a child, he was able to get a job working for the Karnofsky family. His job was to deliver coal and collect junk. Armstrong was able to do this job since he had dropped out in the fifth grade, and in 1912 he was arrested and sent to the Colored Waif’s Home for Boys.

Armstrong was a gifted and talented young man who soon grew in popularity. With a lot of help from Joe Oliver and his natural abilities, Armstrong became one of the greatest jazz/blues players in American history.

At the Waif’s Home he showed incredible talent for music. He learned how to play the cornet, and immediately fell in love with music. Armstrong even became the leader of the Waif’s Home Brass Band. When he got out of the Waif Home in 1914, he had ambitions to become a professional musician. Armstrong still had to work jobs while trying to become a professional musician, but was starting to earn a reputation as a talented blues player. In fact, he got such a reputation that one of the greatest cornet players in New Orleans, Joe Oliver, started mentoring him by telling him tips on how to play and occasionally letting Armstrong play at his shows. After years of playing in bands in New Orleans and staying close to home, Armstrong eventually moved to New York. There he created many records, such as “Blueberry Hill” (1949), “Mack the Knife” (1955), and “Hello Dolly!” (1964). He soared in popularity as a talented jazz/blues player and soon he was an American household name.

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By Haripriya Kemisetti, Staff Reporter

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African American Media Hits

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Thr ‘Hidden Figures NASA Ta A look inside the film that showcased the efforts of three groundbreaking women.

By Shreyal Sharma, Staff Reporter

The film focuses on three black female scientists’ journeys without whom the Apollo 11 trip to the moon and back would not have been possible. The movie takes place in 1961 in Virginia, where a NASA research center is based. The film calls attention to the discriminatory rules and practices against people of color that were commonplace in the era depicted. It particularly highlights the racism that African Americans endured while working hard to contribute to breakthroughs in science despite receiving little recognition in return. The movie is centered around three black women, Katherine Johnson, Mary Jackson, and Dorothy Vaughan, who faced segregation because of their sex and race. Katherine Johnson, played by Taraji P. Henson, is a mathematician with passion for her work since her youth. Her intelligence was one of her most admirable qualities. However, her intellect was constrained by the “separate but equal” sentiments. Similar circumstances held back Mary Jackson and Dorothy Vaughan, as they struggled to make their place in the NASA research center, even with their brilliant minds. The women faced a plethora of challenges solely due

to the color of their skin. The three women, who became friends through their shared struggles, had very different personalities, as Vaughan was practical, Jackson was wise and witty, and Johnson was a clever optimist. However, their racial and gender identities and strength of friendship bonded them together as they faced racial injustice from their co-workers. The movie is still relevant in 2021 when the racial tensions are heightened. The film takes the initiative in providing greater awareness and an inside look to those who have never struggled from prejudice or racial injustice, as it identifies the struggles faced by black women and sends a powerful message to all women that their resilience and intelligence are most meaningful to their character.

Photo Courtesy of en.wikipedia.org

On Jan. 6, 2017, 20th Century Fox released “Hidden Figures,” a biographical drama film that exposes the “Space Race” between the U.S. and Russia. It is essential to look back through history and recognize the key figures who helped accomplish significant breakthroughs for society. Hidden Figures attains this goal of making history relevant by examining the accomplishments of three “Hidden Figures” who made the United State’s 1969 journey to space possible.

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ree s’ Who Helped ake Off

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By Nathan Shurts, Staff Reporter “The Imitation Game” is a historical drama film released Graham Moore. The movie, based on “Alan Turing: The Andrew Hodges, stars Benedict Cumberbatch.

in 2014 and directed by Enigma” by

Turing (Cumberbatch) is an English cryptologist during World War II helping the Allied Powers. He is also homosexual, which causes issues for him later on his journey. He serves on a cryptology team and decodes Nazi messages, eventually Some members of the team included Joan Clarke, who was a woman that would later marry Turing, and Cairncross, who would later be discovered as a Soviet double agent. Turing creates a machine named Christopher, named after a boy he loved that died of tuberculosis in boarding school. The machine fails at first, but he realizes that he can reprogram it to recognize words he already knew would be in the message such as “Heil Hitler.” When the code is broken, Turing realizes that they cannot act on every decoded message, or the Nazis will know that they have broken the code. Turing discovers that Cairncross is a Soviet spy, and Cairncross threatens to reveal Turing’s homosexuality. The war ends and the Image from Popverse.com cryptologists are told to destroy their work so that nobody In the 1950s, Turing is convicted of gross indecency, (which was a legal charge against homosexuals in the 1950s) and undergoes chemical castration rather than go to jail so that he can continue his work. Clarke comforts him and says that his work saved millions of lives. After years of hormonal therapy, Turing commits suicide in 1954. In 2013, Queen Elizabeth gave him a Royal Pardon. Today he is considered the father of computer science and made huge leaps in a field of study that didn’t exist at the time knows that this technology exists in future wars. “The Imitation Game” was honored by the Human Rights Campaign, the largest LGBT civil rights advocacy group in the USA at a special gala in NYC. The movie achieved ratings of 89% (Rotten Tomatoes) and 8/10 (IMDb).

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‘The Imitation Game’ Summary and Review


Overall, “The Imitation Game” is a great movie that ranks high on the recommendation list. This inspiring film that proves that anything is possible is an absolute must-watch.

Image from Wordpress.com

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Despite some mistakes with historical accuracy, the movie did a phenomenal job of telling the story of Turing and his accomplishments while highlighting the unjust treatment of him by the very government he served due to his homosexuality. The movie stayed true to the story and provided insight into the unfair way people are treated due to their differences. Even in a time where the Nazis were being criticized for persecuting Jews, people still turned around and treated a gay man the same way, despite everything he did to help the war effort. Today people are treated unfairly in less obvious ways, with things like microaggression and seemingly innocent words hurting people’s feelings and sparking hatred. Movies and books like this force people to recognize the issue and compel them to do something about it.


Student Claire Zhang talks about minority groups and stereotypes By Zara Yu, Staff Reporter

The clacking of the keyboard fills the room with sound, along with talking coming from the Zoom meeting. The typer, Claire Zhang, focuses her mind on the work in front of her, quickly taking notes as the teacher goes on. At the back of her mind, she hears her parents’ words, reminding her to concentrate. The constant reminder always echoes in her ears. She takes a breath and returns back to looking at the small images on the screen. She confidently raises her hand to answer a question, the teacher quickly calling on her. Minority students, such as junior Claire Zhang, say that they feel minority groups are often portrayed inaccurately. “Sometimes, people just expect me to know all the answers or to just be ‘smarter’ than others,” Zhang comments. According to the American Psychological Association, those from East Asian backgrounds are usually assumed to be more intelligent or intellectually advanced compared to their peers. In fact, Asian Americans hold a “model minority” stereotype. Zhang continues, “The stereotype is for Asians to become doctors or lawyers and even though I may not follow one of those paths, I still plan to work hard to pursue a stable and successful job, which are two qualities that make medicine and law so appealing to Asian parents....Being Asian, I also have to get better grades and scores than other racial or ethnic groups in order to get into the same colleges.” People in Asian minority groups often face the pressure of having to overachieve in order to reach their goals. Minorities have a large influence in many aspects of their lives, including goals as important as college admissions. Studies from the American Psychological Association show that “students who identify as Asians need 140 SAT points higher than Caucasians, 320 SAT points higher than Hispanics, and 450 SAT points higher than African Americans.”

Stereotypes have a wide impact on minority groups. Gaby Cruz remarks, “I feel as though stereotypes decay the image of several minorities and may affect some POC [people of color] negatively especially if the stereotype is used against them. I feel that they are damaging to one’s self esteem and image. I think a more diversified KHS would make other minorities at the school feel more comfortable in the setting.” Wang reflects, “A lot of racism against minority groups is normalized and especially, Asian stereotypes make it more difficult for people from Asian backgrounds to succeed academically.” While stereotypes are commonly seen as negative, there are a few positives. “All of the stereotypical values that my parents have instilled in me have benefited my character and work ethic,” mentions Zhang. She notes, “Don’t try to change yourself to ‘fit in’ with others. The qualities that you gain from being part of a minority group shapes your characters and make you unique, so never feel embarrassed about your background.”

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Features Quiet Struggles: Claire Zhang


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Photo courtesy of Claire Zhang Claire Zhang smiles at the camera.

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Sikh farmers protest on the street peacefully, as the government and public calls them ‘terrorists.’ Even after their peaceful reaction to laws making them more vulnerable to poverty, their own country turns their back on them. By Abeeha Zaidi, Managing Editor & Layout Manager

In Aug. 2020, farmers from the northern states of India began their protests against agriculture laws established by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. In Nov. 2020, they arrived in the capital, New Delhi, to continue their protests. The issue has recently become breaking news and has been brought to attention as a fight for human rights on platforms worldwide. Though these protests have emerged as a means of revolting against the Indian government and their newly passed agriculture laws, the story of the farmers’ fight for justice begins with the Green Revolution. Green Revolution The Green Revolution began in the 1960s and was a result of the action taken in response to the food scarcity issues in India. It was created in order to turn the agriculture system into an industrial system by adopting advanced technology methods for benefits. Moreover, the Indian government had also created laws and regulations that created a set price for certain crops. This benefited the farmers as it established a guaranteed minimum price, created stricter guidelines which prevented interference by big corporations in agricultural land, and lessened the creation of unreliable schemes. According to Time, the farmers only had one favor from the government and that was “for the government to actually guarantee that its minimum prices for farm produce are accessible to all farmers...as many as 80% of farmers don’t receive the promised amount.” As a result of the Green Revolution, according to Vox, statistics prove that more than half of farmers’ households are in debt and farmer sucide rates have increased.

COLT CHRONICLE | MINORITIES LOOKING BACK ISSUE | OPINION

The Fight of the Farmers

The newly passed agriculture laws In total, the government enacted three new laws that are supposedly meant to ‘benefit farmers’ but instead make them more vulnerable to being suppressed by big corporations, and are in no way as helpful as the ones they have been demanding from the government for many years now. The first law creates free, unregulated trade spaces outside the markets. This law overruled market rules and regulation, therefore making it an unregulated space that can lead to dual market structure. The dual market structure will allow the involvement of big corporations, and as their involvement grows, farmers will be ripped off for their selling prices and corporations will misuse farmers’ production and benefit themselves.

Photo courtesy of tasnimnews.com Indian farmers and their families come together to protest against Indian Prime Minister Modi’s latest agriculture laws adding restrictions on farmers.

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The second law creates a framework for contract farming deals.This means farmers have to depend on business corporations and move away from the ‘subzi mundi,’ which is the usual market that buys their crops at a minimum price. It is harmful to farmers because if they do not rely on the big corporation, who will eventually exploit them by lessening the price, they will probably not have any success in the market. The third law eliminates the storage limits previously set by the government to control prices. This means that there is an unlimited amount of storage which means wealthy businesses/people/corporations can stock up, bringing about an inconsistency in success in farmers selling of crops.

Photo courtesy of counterview.net Indian farmers’ families are left vulnerable due to the impact the laws have had on their income, that allows them to provide meals, shelter and education for their families.

Overall, all the new laws breed a concept of eliminating market regulation, which insinuates that the government believes farmers no longer need government support—the complete opposite of what has been illustrated by the actions of farmers over the years.

The farmers are protesting in response to these acts, urging for them to be removed and to express their disappointment in the government. The role of social media Over the past week, there has been an outpouring of support from well-known international artists and figures in support of the farmers’ rights movement. However, the Indian government and public has not taken the support well. Instead, they have criticized the figures for their “unnecessary” involvement in the matters. The figures include Rihanna, Greta Thunberg, Jay Sean, and Meena Harris. Responses to their support included burning of the figures in the streets of India. The Indian Foreign Ministry even responded indirectly to the attention being brought to the matters, insinuating that the figures are not informed enough about the “propaganda,” and therefore should look into the matters before bringing unnecessary attention to them. The Indian government and public have also previously been known to state that the farmers are “terrorists” and there is not much attention from the Indian media on the matter due to restrictions of acting and voicing opinions against the government.

Source : Twitter @ rihanna Rihanna posted a response to the matter, to bring its attention to her million of followers. Some comments urged action to be taken to help the farmers, and others who are on the side Indian government were not too pleased with her tweet: “ My country is proud of our farmers and knows how important they are, I trust it will be addressed soon. We don’t need an outsider poking her nose in our internal matters!” @ pragyanojha Source: Twitter @MEAIndia The Ministry of External Affairs - Indian Government , released a statement on Twitter following million of angry tweets against the Indian governments act against Sikh Farmers.

Photo Credit: Getty Photos of Greta Thunberg along with other figures are being burned in response to their Twitter interference in the matter, in the streets of India.

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Biden’s Busy First Month

President Biden is spending his first month in office as an executive-order machine By Max Schmalz, Staff Reporter President Biden has kept his hands full since his inauguration in January. The new president has signed over 15 executive orders on his first day alone. Some of his more notable executive orders from that day include: Requiring masks on federal property, rejoining the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Paris climate accords, revoking the Trump administration’s ban on people from several Muslim countries from entering the United States, halting construction of the U.S-Mexico border wall, and banning workplace discrimination against LGBT employees. Many of these executive orders were reversing orders made by the Trump administration, however many such as requiring masks on federal property were some of Biden’s own plans. Not slowing down since then, Biden has also reversed the transgender military ban, and wrote a memorandum on “Restoring Trust in Government Through Scientific Integrity and Evidence-Based Policymaking” He has even established the COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force which he has had his mind set on since last year, saying in October 2020, “I’ll ask the new Congress to put a bill on my desk by the end of January with all the resources to see how both our public health and economic

response can be seen through the end.” Biden’s 100-Day plan includes police reform, criminal justice reform, and intending to “pick up the pieces of Donald Trump’s broken foreign policy,” Biden says within his first year, he would like to hold an international summit with other democratic leaders on pushing back corruption and authoritarian practices. President Biden seems to value strengthening democracy, saying at the Virtual Munich Security Conference: “Democracy doesn’t happen by accident. We have to defend it, fight for it, strengthen it, renew it. We have to prove that our model isn’t a relic of our history; it’s the single best way to revitalize the promise of our future. And if we work together with our democratic partners, with strength and confidence, I know that we’ll meet every challenge and outpace every challenger.”

Image courtesy of thenation.com

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LOCAL/WORLD

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New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy creates new legislation which recognizes the contributions of those in the LGBTQ+ community and those with disabilities in all New Jersey school curricula By Eva Breiterman, Staff Reporter

On Jan. 28, New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy signed new legislation which requires all schools, public and private to educate students about “’the political, economic, and social contributions’ of LGBTQ people and people with disabilities.” This new legislation which was written in 2019 and is set to be implemented in the 2020-2021 school year, will require all school materials such as textbooks to include accurate portrayals of the LGBT community, disabled people, and accurate information and portrayals of people in these groups. This bill is one more step in the battle for representation in the LGBTQ+ community and for those with disabilities. “Governor Murphy was honored to sign legislation requiring New Jersey school districts to teach about the rich contributions and accomplishments of our LGBTQ community and those with disabilities,” Christine Lee, a spokesperson for Gov. Murphy, said in a statement shared with NBC News.

Garden State Equality, a statewide LGBTQ+ advocacy group applauded and honored the legislation and has a page dedicated to this legislation on their website. Bill A1335 also states, “A board of education shall include instruction on the political, economic, and social contributions of persons with disabilities and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people, in an appropriate place in the curriculum of middle school and high school students as part of the district’s implementation of the New Jersey Student Learning Standards.” “It’s critical that our classrooms highlight the achievements of LGBTQ people throughout history,” the organization’s executive director, Christian Fuscarino, said in a statement. “Our youth deserve to see how diverse American history truly is — and how they can be a part of it one day, too.” Infographic by Eva Briterman The graphic represents the development of LGBTQ rights in the United States overtime , showing the past and the road bieng paved for the future.

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New Bill Creates More LGBTQ+ Friendly Curriculum


The Black Lives Matter movement in the middle of the Summer has been around far longer. This is the story of how the Black Lives Matter organization came to be. By Lucas Marin, Staff Reporter

By June 6, 2020, 550 cities in America and around the world participated in the Black Lives Matter movement in response to shootings by police of unarmed African Americans. Many here in Kinnelon joined in on the movement. With protests occurring and culminating in the summer of 2020, many young activists began to question how the BLM movement came to fruition. In the middle of the pandemic people took to the streets to protest the death of black citizens: George Floyd and Breonna Taylor. Alicia Garza, Patrisse Cullors, and Opal Tometi created the Black Lives Matter organization in response to the death of Treyvon Martin by George Zimmerman, a neighborhood watchman in a community in Florida. Prior to the killing of Martin in 2012, there had been many robberies at this gated community. George Zimemrman volunteered to be part of the neighborhood watch. On the evening of Feb. 26, 2012, Zimmerman called 9-1-1 stating that he had noticed a suspicious person in the neighborhood. That suspicious person was Treyvon Martin who was wearing a hoodie and talking to his girlfriend on his cellphone. He was returning to his dad’s home from the 7-11 where he purchased an Arizona iced tea and skittles. Martin

was visiting his dad at a time where he wanted to get his life in order. He was a junior in high school and after being suspended a third time, his family felt it was best that he visit his father and get his priorities straight. Martin told his girlfriend that someone was following him. The 9-1-1 operator told Zimmerman to wait for the police to arrive, but eventually a scuffle between Martin and Zimmerman occurred where Martin was shot dead. Many eyewitness accounts differed as to what occurred that evening and though Zimemramn was arrested and charged with the murder of Martin, he was eventaully aquitted by the jury. His defense was that he acted in self-defense. This was the impetus for the Black Lives Matter movement - to protest the acquittal of Zimmerman in the death of unarmed Martin. Currently, BLM has more than 40 chapters throughout America where the goal is to create a change in government policy and create social reform. According to the website, “BLM is the affirmation of black folks’ humanity, contributions to society and resilience in the face of deadly oppression.” BLM is currently focused on immigration reform and transgender discrimination - 2020 saw the deadliest year in black transgender crimes. 2020 has seen the most diverse group of Ameri-

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History of the Black Lives Matter Movement


COLT CHRONICLE | MINORITIES LOOKING BACK ISSUE | LOCLA/WORLD

cans protesting Floyd and Taylor’s death with hashtags like #sayhername. The organization was just nominated for the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize. The Norwegian MP said the organization was nominated because of the, “Global impact of BLM in raising awareness and consciousness of racial injustice.” For more information on BLM’s past and present movements please visit https://blacklivesmatter.com/herstory/.

Photo courtesy of Unsplash.com People March at the Black Lives Matter protest in Washington DC 6/6/2020 (IG: @clay.banks)

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As President Joe Biden looks for his cabinet picks, pressure is mounting from diversity organizations to pick a more diverse and representative cabinet. By Alex Garcia, Local and World News

During the contentious Democratic primaries leading up to the 2020 election, President Joe Biden had a terrible stretch of performances in Iowa, New Hampshire, and Nevada. Then, to rescue Joe Biden’s flailing campaign, there was an enormous turnout of African American voters to propel him to a primary victory, and then to the presidency.

“It [Biden’s cabinet] should just be made up of people who can actually do the job correctly, regardless of race.” - Nick Lesko Since Biden’s win, African Americans have been given greater representation within the presidential cabinet. According to the New York Times, Biden has selected General Lloyd J Austin III, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, Susan Rice, Marcia L. Fudge, and Micheal S. Regan to cabinet positions. All of them are African Americans, breaking race barriers within the Executive Branch. On top of that, many females have been put in top-ranking cabinet positions for the first time such as Janet L. Yellen for Treasury Secretary. There are many other women in the cabinet such as the Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and several more.

in diversity leading to more qualified candidates getting pushed out due to race? Sophomore Nick Lesko says it is fine “as long as they do their job. If they are surprisingly good it’s fine, if they’re not good it’s on him.” “Rep. Jim Clyburn, the most senior Black member of Congress and a key Biden ally, spoke out last week about the need for more diversity,” according to Politico. This was in the wake of Biden releasing many diverse picks to lead an economic task force.

COLT CHRONICLE | MINORITIES LOOKING BACK ISSUE

How Diversity Shapes Biden’s Cabinet

It seems as though many other Americans do not feel the same need for diversity. Lesko also said, “It [Biden’s cabinet] should just be made up of people who can actually do the job correctly, regardless of race.” Even though there are calls for increased diversity, Biden’s cabinet is historic. Many in the cabinet are more than qualified to lead their position, and they are breaking down race and gender barriers by serving our nation in a way they never have before. These new insights and world views are entering the executive branch for the first time this January, and will likely remain.

Photo courtesy of BusinessInsider.com

Some, however, may be asking: Is an increase

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NBA Players Respond to the Storming of the Capitol NBA players and coaches voice their opinions on the extremely different responses to the BLM protest and Capitol riot. By Will Cappello, Opinion Editor Editor’s Note: The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed in this opinion article belong solely to the author and do not reflect the view of The Colt Chronicle Staff, Kinnelon High School, or its students and staff members. On Jan. 6, the United States added another tragic event to its history: Thousands of protestors stormed the Capitol building, resulting in the deaths of five Americans. The rioters were met with insignificant resistance, causing many Black Lives Matter (BLM) supporters to draw the comparison between their protests and the subsequent responses. Many players and coaches in the NBA, being avid proponents of the BLM movement, have denigrated the displays of governmental force. Doc Rivers of the Philadelphia 76ers said, “It shows a lot, though. You know, when you saw the protests in the summer and you saw the riots, or more the police and the National Guard and the Army, and then you see this, and you saw nothing. It basically proves a point about a privileged life in a lot of ways.” Rivers goes on to hypothetically juxtapose the result of the riot had the insurrectionists been black.

“When the looting starts, the shooting starts[...]” in response to the BLM riots. Despite the history of this quote, the concept of immediately condemning violent protests was understandable. However, some US citizens felt there was a clear double standard after the Capitol riots. On Trump’s second impeachment, Steve Kerr of the Golden State Warriors says, “A legitimate election is suddenly questioned by millions of people, including the people who are leading our country in government because we’ve decided over the last few years to allow lies to be told. So this is who we are. You reap what you sow.” Under Biden’s presidency, many hope the country can begin to approach an era of unity as opposed to the overwhelmingly polarized environment that culminated in the Capitol riot.

Additionally, Jamal Crawford tweeted, “You do things like this when you know there is a certain privilege where nothing is gonna happen to you.” In May, former president Donald Trump tweeted,

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Insurrectionists protesting at the Capitol Building on Wednesday.

Image From NBC. com

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COLT CHRONICLE | MINORITIES LOOKING BACK ISSUE

The Power of Minorities By Jackie Roberts Minorites are like the stars ... The sum is just a star, yet it changes the world, just as we all have the power to, no matter our race, gender and ethnicity. Minorities have a jar full of stars of hopes that they use to help them pursue the most unachievable and break borders.

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