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xedva

30 noemberi, 2018

gazeTi #2

ivane javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis socialur da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis Jurnalistikisa da masobrivi komunikaciis mimarTulebis saswavlo gazeTi giorgi margvelaSvili prezidentobis gzagasayarze

usoflod darCenili qveyana 28 noembers sazogadoebam gadawyvita, rom ,,qarTuli ocnebis” mier mxardaWerili damoukidebeli kandidati, salome zurabiSvili saqarTvelos mTavarsardali iqneba. margvelaSvilis saprezidento vada dasarulda, Tvali gadavavloT gzas, romelic man, rogorc saqarTvelos pirvelma pirma, dRemde gaiara. gv.14

soflis arsebobas qveynis ganviTarebaSi sakmaod didi roli aqvs. gamocdileba mowmobs, rom iq, sadac xelisufleba aqtiurad muSaobs am Temaze da iq, sadac acnobiereben soflis meurneobis rols qveynis ganviTarebaSi, mdgradia ekonomikuri da socialuri ganviTareba. gv.2

,,qarTuli ocnebisa“ da „omegas“ bundovani, Seumdgari garigeba kompania „omegasa“ da „qarTuli ocnebis“ liderebs Soris dadebuli Seusrulebeli garigebis axali detalebi amZafrebs eWvebs araformalur mmarTvelobasTan dakavSirebiT.

ra uflebebi eqneba axal prezidents? saqarTvelom 28 noembers rigiT me-5 prezidenti axali uflebebiT airCia. cvlilebebi ZalaSi prezidentis inauguraciis Semdeg Seva. am siaxles sazogadoebaSi azrTa sxvadasxvaoba mohyva. nawili miiCnevs, rom konstituciiT prezidentis uflebebi minimumamde davida da mas mxolod formaluri saxe aqvs. gv.16

gv.16

salome zurabiSvili – pirveli qali prezidenti saqarTvelosa da kavkasiaSi gv.13 „vis davureko Tu evropasTan msurs riski Tu humanizmi – prezidentis saubari?“, - henri kisinjeri ,,Cvens qveyanas evropuli gamocdileba, mecniereba da ganaTleba sWirdeba, es unda iyos misi Tof-iaraRi’’ - rodesac ilia WavWavaZe am sityvebs warmoTqvamda, mSvenivrad acnobierebda, rom saqarTvelo ver ganviTardeboda iseTi qveynis gverdiT, rogoric ruseTi iyo. gv.15

ika kvekveskiri: ,,nakrebis yvelaze didi gamarjveba gulSematkivris tribunebze dabrunebaa” xelovneba - Cemi saxli gv.18

saqarTvelos safexburTo nakrebma erTa ligis turniris jgufur etapze eqvsi Sexvedridan xuTi moigo da erTi fred daasrula. amas isic emateba, rom qarTvelebma 12-jer SeZles metoqisTvis golis gatana da mxolod ori burTi miiRes TavianT karSi. gv.22

Sewyalebis ufleba

gorSi gansakuTrebuli sisastikiT Cadenil mkvlelobas mcirewlovani gogonas sicocxle Seewira. SemTxvevis simZafridan gamomdinare, sazogadoebaSi uamravi mosazreba gamoiTqva, maTgan erT-erTi aseTia - rom ara prezident giorgi margvelaSvilis individualuri Sewyalebis aqti, braldebuli, iago nebieriZe, sasjels 2025 wlamde moixdida. gv.14

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gazeTs Tan axlavs danarTi ,,ART

gardasaxva”


sazogadoeba

usoflod darCenili qveyana

soflis arsebobas qveynis ganviTarebaSi sakmaod didi roli aqvs. am mxriv gamonakliss arc Cveni saxelmwifo warmoadgens. gamocdileba mowmobs, rom iq, sadac xelisufleba aqtiurad muSaobs am Temaze da iq, sadac acnobiereben soflis meurneobis rols qveynis ganviTarebaSi, anu qveynis sasursaTo usafrTxoebasa da saeqsporto bazarze poziciebis ganmtkicebas, mdgradia ekonomikuri da socialuri ganviTareba. am yvelafrisTvis ki pirveli nabiji saxelmwifos mxridan soflis meurneobaze prioritetis miniWebaa.

saqarTveloSi ki saxelmwifos misive resursi ver uzrunvelyofs, radgan soflis meurneobis ganviTarebisa da mrewvelobis done dabalia. Aamitom, maT uwevT produqtisa Tu sxvadasxva nedleulis ucxo qveynebidan Semotana. Aaxla, upiratesad, mezobeli saxelmwifoebidan Semodis badrijani, niori, pomidori, kitri, yvavilovani kombosto da sxva. es ki miuTiTebs imaze, rom saqarTvelos pozicia saeqsporto bazarze TiTqmis aRar arsebobs. aRniSnuli dargis moSla pirdapir ukavSirdeba soflebis dacarielebas, rac, Tavis mxriv, ganpirobebulia rogorc socialuri, ise ekonomikuri da instituciuri mizezebiT da zrdis rogorc Sida, ise gare migraciebs. saqarTvelos statistikis erovnuli samsaxuris informaciiT, 2018 wlisTvis sasoflo dasaxlebaSi yovelwliurad iklebs mosaxleobis raodenoba: Tu, magaliTad, 2008 wels sofelSi mcxovrebTa ricxvi 1 627,3 aTasi kaci iyo, 2013 wlisTvis ukve 1 599,7 aTasi kaci,

xolo 2018 wlisTvis 1554,8 aTasi kaci gaxda. Sida migraciaze informacia ki 2014 wels Catarebuli kvleviT aris xelmisawvdomi. sayovelTao aRweris statistikurma monacemebma cxadyo, rom Sida migraciis tendencia, gansakuTrebiT, maRalmTian regionebSi SeiniSneba. saqstati ki gvTavazobs im sofelTa CamonaTvals, romelSic 10 kaci an naklebi cxovrobs. magaliTad, duSeTis munici palitetSi 89 sofelSi cal-calke mosaxleobis raodenoba 10-s ar aRemateba, 39 ki daclilia. TianeTis munici palitetSi 10-mde macxovrebeli 13 sofelSia cal-calke, xolo 14 sofeli macxovreblebisgan daclilia. kaxeTis regionis 3 sofeli ramdenime macxovreblis amaraa darCenili, 3 sofeli ki daclilia mosaxleobisgan. igive mdgomareobaa axmetis munici palitetSi. yazbegSi 21 sofelSi aRar cxovroben, 3 sofelSi 2 adamiani cxovrobs. TuSeTSi, kerZod, omalos TemSi daclili soflebis raodenoba daaxloebiT 48-s Seadgens. raWa-leCxumSi 14 sofelSi moqalaqeebis raodenoba 10-mdea Semcireuli. soflebis dacarielebas, rogorc maTi SemorCenili macx-

ovreblebi, ise eqspertebi da demografebi, upirvelesad, socialur-ekonomikuri foniT xsnian. oTxmocdaaTiani wlebis Semdeg zogma macxovrebelma yofiTi pirobebis ararsebobas, kerZod, uSuqobasa da uwylobas ver gauZlo da datova sofeli. ekonomikuri problemebis gamo soflis macxovreblebi ver amuSavebdnen miwebs, ver mohyavdaT soflis meurneobis kulturebi, amas garda, aRar SemorCaT infrastruqturuli elementebi, ro-

gorebicaa, saSualo skolebi, savaWro centrebi, kinoTeatrebi da sxva. Sesabamisad, mwvaved idga umuSevrobis problema, maT ar SeeZloT arc miwaze da arc kerZo dawesebulebaSi muSaoba msgavs viTarebaSi , aseve, dabalia ganaTlebisa da informirebulobis done. eleqtroenergiis SezRudvis gamo maT ar miewodebaT interneti da ver sargebloben telemauwyeblobiT. es yvelaferi ki xels uwyobs rogorc gare, ise Sida migraciis zrdas. xolo maSin, roca mowesrigebulia yofiTi problemebi, maSin, roca sofelSi mcxovrebi adamiani sasoflo-sameurneo saqmianobiT irCens Tavs da misgan iRebs damatebiT Semosavalsac, statistika dadebiTad icvleba soflebis dacla mosaxleobisgan mraval problemas uqmnis saxelmwifos. am Temas exmianeba ilias universitetis demografiis institutis direqtori _ avTandil sulaberiZe: “Tu soflebis daclas ganvixilavT demografiuli usafrTxoebis kuTxiT, sakmaod mZime suraTs miviRebT, radgan CrdiloeTis sazRvrispira soflebi dacarielebulia, Crdilo kavkasielebi ki sargebloben Cveni saZovrebiT, nel-nela

saxldebian da es qveyanas msgavsi mcocavi migraciiT sazRvris problemebs uqmnis. saqarTvelos regionuli ganviTarebisa da infrastruqturis saministro aqveynebs kanons maRalmTiani regionebis ganviTarebis Sesaxeb, radgan swored am regionSi dgas mwvaved soflebis dacarielebis problema. misi mizania saqarTvelos konstituciiT garantirebuli maRalmTiani regionebis socialur-ekonomikuri progresis stimulirebisaTvis SeRavaTebis gansazRvra, romlebic uzrunvelyofs maRalmTian regionebSi mcxovreb pirTa keTildReobas, cxovrebis donis amaRlebas, dasaqmebis xelSewyobas, socialuri da ekonomikuri mdgomareobis gaumjobesebas. Sedegad, maRalmTiani dasaxlebebis nusxas 37 sofeli daemata. 2017 wlidan daiwyo yovelTviuri fuladi daxmarebis gacema im bavSvebze, romelTa erT-erTi mSobeli aris maRalmTian dasaxlebaSi mudmivad mcxovrebi piri. aRniSnuli SeRavaTis gasawevad 2016 wels 2 milion laramde gaixarja. Tumca, mosaxleobisgan icleba baris soflebic, saxelmwifo am kuTxiT jer ar muSaobs. soflebis mosaxleobisgan daclis sakiTxi aqtualobas ar kargavs. saWiroa calkeuli RonisZiebebis gatareba, magaliTad, soflis meurneobis eqspertebi askvnian, rom unda waxalisdes soflis socialuri mdgomareobis yovelmxrivi mecnieruli kvleva da am kvlevis Sedegebze dayrdnobiT Seiqmnas grZelvadiani programebi, radgan soflisa da agromrewvelobis gadarCena da SemdgomSi ganviTareba pirdapir aisaxeba qveynis mdgomareobaze saerTaSoriso masStabiT.

maka juReli

mokeTeobidan udieri gantevebai „es saerTod vin aris?! ...vicnob?! mgoni ara. UUnfiend! ganvagrZoT... axali ra “daposta”? ra gaaziara? ui, es dedaCemis TanamSromlis Svilis daqalia... rom wavSalo, ifiqreben, uzrdeli hyavs dedamisso... es bolos rodis vnaxe? is fotoebs ar “milaiqebs”! davtovo Tu ara??... amas kargi “postebi” aqvs xolme; iyos,iqneb gamomadges rameSi... es xSirad mxvdeba, uxerxulia...“ ho marTla, sanam Cemi „frendlisTi“ araframde damiyvania, getyviT, rom vidre axali weli mova, manamdec bevri saintereso araoficialuri dRea, romelic mravalferovan dResaswauls itevs. ase grandiozulad ar JRers, magram, gind daijereT da gind ara, yoveli wlis 17 noemberi „ Unfiend-is saerTaSoriso dRea“. SeamCnevdiT, rom mokeTeobidan udier gantevebamde arc Tu ise didi gzaa gasavleli. sakmarisia, sul mcire „gzidan gadaxveva“ davafiqsiroT, rom wamsve

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gavfiltravT Cvens socialur qsels „baqteriebisgan“. amisTvis ki mxolod Rilakze TiTis daWeraa saWiro. statistika gveubneba, rom wels (2018) feisbuqis momxmarebelTa 63% irCevs aRniSnul Rilaks. amis mizezi xSirad gansxvavebuli politikuri Sexedulebebi xdeba. gansxvavebuli mosazrebebis gamo yovelTvis arsebobda dapirispireba megobrebs Soris, Tumca, vidre cifruli samyaro dagvi pyrobda, manamde cota sxvagvarad ewyoboda megobrebs Soris urTierTobebi. magaliTad, SegviZlia gavixsenoT 90-iani wlebis periodi. maSin, rodesac qveyana e.w. zviadistebad da SevardnaZistebad iyo gaxleCili, megobroba erTmaneTis sapirispiro mitingebze dgomiT ingreoda. amas xocva-Jletvamde, sisxlisRvramdec mivyavdiT. magram dro Seicvala, masTan erTad Rirebulebebic da dRes yvela getyviT, rom namdvil megobars arafris gamo ar dakargavs. es namdvili megobrebi Cvens

realur da ararealur cxovrebaSi erTdroeulad arseboben. maTi „amoSla“ ufro rTul sakiTxia. magram arebobs raRac magiuri, rac am Rilaks gaaCnia. es simartivea. gacilebiT martivia, yovelgvari axsna-ganmartebis, skandalebis, skamebis msxvrevis gareSe gadawyvito - toveb Tu ara?! Tanamedrove teqnologiebi da komunikaciis saSualebebi swored isaa, sadac veravin dagicavs, amitom internetiT gavrcelebuli nebismieri sityva Tavidanve warmoadgens saSiSroebas. amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi

megobrobidan waSlis cneba sakanonmdeblo donezea ayvanili. federalurma sasamarTlom prezidents, donald tramps, „TviTeris agariSze“ momxmareblis dablokva politikuri Sexedulebebis gamoxatvis gamo aukrZala. mosamarTlis gadawyvetileba MBC News-ma gaavrcela. Tumca, SeiZleba ase rTuladac ar iyos saqme. megobrebidan srulebiT uwyinari mizezebiTac amovuSlivarT, an piriqiT. am dRis gaCenis idea amerikel telewamyvans, jimi kimels ekuTvnis. mizanic swored is

blogi

aris, rom Cveni feisbuq megobrebis arasaWiro, auracxeli raodenoba SevamciroT. magaliTad, klaselebi, romlebic mesame klasis mere aRar gvinaxavs, radgan skola SevicvaleT da quCaSi rom Segvxvdnen veRar vicnobT. an ori wlis win wveulebaze gacnobili giorgi, romelmac gagiRimaT. megobari, romelsac gamudmebiT gaziarebis Rilakze udevs TiTi da yovelTvis viciT rogor eZina, ra Wama sauzmeze, sadilze, vaxSamze, ra films uyura Zilis win, vin Sexvda quCaSi, ra ecva im dRes, romeli axloblis dabadebis dReze daTvra ise, rom meore dRes aRaraferi axsovda. msgavsi postebi qveviT aCoCeben dRis sxva movlenebs da informacias, romelic „Nino is feeling sad”-ze mniSvnelovania. raRa dagvrCenia-Unfiend Everyone!

nino mWedluri


sazogadoeba

qarTveli gamomgoneblis roboti, romelic maRaroelebis cxovrebas gaaumjobesebs maRaroSi muSaoba yovelTvis iyo da aris udidesi riskis Semcveli saqmianoba - meSaxteebs xSirad Zalzed rTul, moulodnelobebiT aRsavse garemoSi uwevT yofna, swored amitom maRaroelebi xSirad iRupebian... amas mowmobs isic, rom saqarTveloSi 2018 wels 20-mde meSaxte gamoeTxova sicocxles. bolo dros momxdarma tragikulma SemTxvevebma meTormete klaseli iveri jajaniZe STaagona, romelmac SaxtaSi momuSave adamianTa usafrTxoebis mniSvnelovnad gaumjobesebis

mizniT roboti “Mineguard” Seqmna. iveri Tbilisis kerZo skola ,,kandidSi”’swavlobs da surs, garkveulwilad, Seamsubuqos maRaroelebis mZime Sroma. mis mier Seqmnil robots SeuZlia, samuSao procesi bevrad ufro kontrolirebadi gaxados. is aRWurvilia gazisa da tenianobis sensorebiTa da vid-

eokameriT, rac uwyveti dakvirvebis garantia. rac Seexeba uSualod robotis muSaobis specifikas, is uzrunvelyofs niadagSi tenianobisa da meTanis koncentraciis gansazRvras da, dasaSvebi normis gadacilebis SemTxvevaSi, gvaZlevs gafrTxilebas, riTac SesaZlebeli iqneba mosalodneli safrTxis Tavidan acileba. aRsaniSnavia, rom msoflioSi ar moiZebneba Saxtis garemo pirobebis Semswavleli roboti da saqarTvelo, am mxriv, mowinave qveyana iqneba. roboti sakmaod martivi samarTavia da is mTlianad moduluri sistemiTaa agebuli, rac mis

SekeTebas sakmaod amartivebs. yovelive es naxSirmompovebel kompaniebs miscems SesaZleblobas, biujetur fasSi SeiZinon aRniSnuli robotebi da ufro met muSas Seuqmnan usafrTxo pirobebi SaxtaSi. “Mineguard” iZleva Saxtis gamokvlevis saSualebas adamianis CarTulobis gareSe. mis mier mowodebuli informacia ki mraval meSaxtes SeunarCunebs sicocxles. iveri imedovnebs, rom gamogoneba mTlianad Secvlis statistikas da samuSao procesi iqneba bevrad usafrTxo da kontrolirebadi.

elene lomsaZe

yazbegis mkvidrTa ekonomikuri gaZliereba alpuri mdeloebi, mTebze Semonaxuli Tovli, Sefenili cxvrebi, uCveulod msubuqi haeri, viwro gza, romelic TandaTan maRla midis, ori saaTi da yazbegSi xar. maRal, caSi aWril, kldovan mTebSi momwyvdeuls, SeuZlebelia mTavari mSveneba, xevis dedofali – myinvarwveri gamogrCes, araCveulebrivi bunebis fonze ki advili SesamCnevia axalaSenebuli, Tanamedrove sastumroebi da saojaxo ti pis “hostelebi”, romlebic TiTqmis yoveli fexis nabijzea. ganTavsebis adgilebis garda yazbegis munici palitetSi sxva turistuli proeqtebic momravlda. gergeTuli xinkali, adgilobrivi warmoebis metaloplastmasis kar-fanjara, xelnakeTi samkaulebi, turistuli obieqtebi, sportis eqstremaluri saxeobebi,

turistuli rukebi da gzamkvlevebi, es yvelaferi yazbegis munici palitetis mosaxleobis biznes saqmianobis arasruli CamonaTvalia. soflad mcxovrebTa ekonomikuri gaZlierebis mizniT, regionSi araerTi proeqti xorcieldeba. yazbegis munici palitetSi sakuTari biznesis warmoebas sul ufro meti adgilobrivi cdilobs. wlebis ganmavlobaSi arsebuli cxvris ferma kazalikaSvilebis ojaxma restornad aqcia, sakuTari saxli ki 18-nomrian sastumrod, romelsac jamSi 55 stumris gamaspinZleba SeuZlia. sastumro “Green Sheep”-is damfuZneblis Sako kazalikaSvilis TqmiT, aq yvelaze aqtiuri zafxulis periodia, Tumca kobi-gudauris sabagiro gzis gaxsnis Semdeg turistebis raodenobis zrdas yazbegSic elodebian.

“sami wlis win Seqmnilma Cvenma turistulma kompleqsma sarestorno inventaris SesaZenad evrokavSiris grantic miiRo da wels sruli datvirTviT vmuSaobT, ase iqca sasoflo-sameurneo saqmianoba turistul biznesad’’, - ambobs Sako kazalikaSvili. swored aq daiwyo biznes saqmi-

anoba aleqsi RuduSaurmac, romelic yazbegSi daibada, gaizarda, saswavleblad TbilisSi wavida, garkveuli periodi sazRvargareTac cxovrobda, evropis masStabiT araerTi regionis monaxulebis Semdeg ki gadawyvita, rom mSobliur mxares dabruneboda da sakuTari biznesi wamoewyo. “raions aqvs Zalian didi perspeqtiva, aq SeiZleba bevri iseTi sferos ganviTareba, romlebzec aqamde arc ki ufiqriaT adgilobrivebs, magaliTad, sxvadasxva saxis gasarTobi dawesebulebebi’’, - ambobs “Alegria House”is damfuZnebeli aleqsi RuduSauri. imisaTvis, rom yazbegSi stumrebisTvis turistuli obieqtebis migneba gamartivebuliyo, turistuli ruka da gzamkvlevi Seiqmna. yazbegis RirsSesaniSnaobebis, saintereso adgilebis, turistuli servisebisa da marSrutebis Sesax-

eb yvela saxis informacia erT gamocemaSi gaerTianda. sxvadasxva interesis mqone damTvaliereblebs saWiro masalis naxvis SesaZlebloba aqvT. istoriuli adgilebisa da RirsSesaniSnaobebis garda yazbegSi Camosul turistebs araerTi gasarTobic daxvdebaT, es adgili gansakuTrebiT eqstremaluri dasvenebis moyvarulebs moewonebaT. bavSvobaSi dabrunebasa da omobanas TamaSze ocneba beqa sujaSvilma realobad aqcia da zRvis donidan 1700 metrze Airsoft-is baza Seqmna. turistebisTvis erT-erT yvelaze mimzidvel adgils yovelwliurad kidev ufro meti adamiani stumrobs da Tqven yazbegs rodis wamaxolT?!

Tekla bestavaSvili

Tsu-s gacvliTi programebi studentebisTvis wlebia, rac Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis studentebs ucxo qveynebSi ganaTlebis miRebis saSualeba eZlevaT. Tsu–sa da msoflios aseulobiT universitets Soris mWidro kontaqtebis damyarebas universitetis sagareo urTierTobis departamenti uzrunvelyofs. rogor unda moxvdnen mSobliuri universitetis

daxmarebiT studentebi msoflios wamyvan saganmanaTleblo centrebSi da ra rekomendaciebi unda gaiTvaliswinon gacvliT programebSi monawileobamde, studentebisTvis aqtualur kiTxvebs Tsu-is sagareo urTierTobebis departamentis ufrosi, Tea gergedava, pasuxobs. -ramdeni welia, rac Tqveni departamenti studentebsa da profesorebs gacvliT programebs sTavazobs? -departamenti 1960-iani wlebidan funqcionirebs,

daarsebis dRidan misi erTerTi mimarTuleba gacvliTi programebis organizeba iyo, bunebrivia, sabWoTa periodSi gacvliTi programebi ar iyo iseTi aqtualuri, rogoric dRes aris, magram 1963 wlidan universitets ukve hyavda pirveli ucxouri partniori sabWoTa sivrcis gareT, es iyo aRmosavleT germaniaSi, ienis universiteti, sadac xdeboda rogorc studentebis, aseve profesorebis gacvla, 80-iani wlebis dasawyisSi amas daemata zaarlandis universiteti, damoukideblobis aRdgenis

Semdeg ki gacvliTi programebi Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi erTerT yvelaze prioritetul mimarTulebad iqca. dRes, weliwadSi saSualod 300 sti pendias gavcemT Cveni studentebisaTvis sxvadasxva universitetSi erTi semestris an zogjer erTi saswavlo wlis gasatareblad. -romel gacvliT programebs sTavazobT studentebsa da profesorebs? -gvaqvs ormxrivi xelSekrulebebiT daregulirebuli gacvliTi programebi, romlebsac Cveni partniori universitetebi afinanseben. sanacvlod maTgan

studentebs viRebT da, Sesabamisad, ucxoeli studentebis aq yofnas nawilobriv Cven vafinansebT. gvaqvs EERASMUS+-is gacvliTi programebi, aseve funqcionirebda erasmus mundusis gacvliTi programebi. gvaqvs sxvadasxva ucxouri mTavrobis mier SemoTavazebuli sti pendiebi da programebic, zogierT SemTxvevaSi, rodesac aris saSualeba, kerZo donoris mier mobilobis dafinansebis programebic gvaqvs xolme. -am etapze ramden universitetTan TanamSromlobs Tbilisis saxelmwifo universiteti?

-200-mde

universitetTan

gagrZeleba ix. me-4 gverdze

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sazogadoeba dasawyisi ix. me-3 gverdze

Tsu-s gacvliTi programebi studentebisTvis

vTanamSromlobT, romlebic ZiriTadad evropis universitetebia, aseve aris CineTi, amerikis SeerTebuli Statebi, TurqeTi, romelsac Cven evropaSi vTvliT, indoeTi, samxreT korea, argentina da sxv. - ZiriTadad romel qveynebSi swavlas arCeven Cveni studentebi? rogoria am mxriv tendencia? -bunebrivia, ZiriTadad evropul qveynebSi imyofebian, dafinansebis wyaroebidan gamomdinare, bevrad metia dafinansebis mopovebis SesaZlebloba, roca studentebis evropaSi mobilobazea saubari. yvelaze met students iRebs germania, poloneTi, italia, TandaTan izrdeba Cven mier gagzavnili studentebis raodenoba safrangeTSi. - detalurad rom aRgviweroT, ra gzas gadis studenti programaSi monawileobamde? - Tu students enis saerTaSoriso testi ar aqvs, maSin unda daweros enis institucionaluri testi Tsu-Si, romelic sul mcire orjer, magram xSir SemTxvevaSi weliwadSi 4-jer tardeba xolme. nebismier students, romelsac aqvs gegmaSi gacvliT programaSi monawileoba, SeuZlia daweros misTvis sasurveli enebis gamocda da miiRos sertifikati, romelic sruliad ufasoa. es aris Tsu-is erTerTi yvelaze didi kontribucia gacvliTi programebis organizebaSi. enis testis warmatebiT gavlis Semdeg, studentma unda gaakeTos saaplikacio masala, gamogzavnos aplikacia garkveuli vadis dacviT da Semdeg daelodos Cvengan Setyobinebas interviusTan dakavSirebiT. iSviaTad, magram gvyavs iseTi partniorebi, sadac aplikacia egzavneba pirdapir partniors da gadawyvetilebas swored partniori universiteti iRebs. aseT dros,rogorc wesi,gasaubreba „skai piT“ tardeba xolme. gasaubrebis Semdeg ki gamarjvebuli studentebisa da yvela danarCeni maTganis informireba xdeba gasaubrebis SedegebTan dakavSirebiT. isini ukve iwyeben savizo procedurebze zrunvas, saswavlo xelSekrulebis Sevsebas im sagnebis identificirebisaTvis, romelTa aRiareba moxdeba, rodesac isini saqarTveloSi dabrundebian. S e m d e g miemgzavrebian, gamgzavrebamde

ki Cven vatarebT gamgzavrebiswina saorientacio Sexvedras, romelze daswrebac savaldebuloa. am Sexvedraze Tsu-sTan erTad ERASMUS+is erovnuli saagentos direqtori, aseve zogierT SemTxvevaSi sagareo saqmeTa saministros warmomadgeneli monawileobs, raTa studentebs, rogorc sazRvargareT myof saqarTvelos moqalaqeebs, TavianTi uflebebi gaacnon. enis codnis damadasturebeli dokumentis garda,kidev ra kriteriumebs unda akmayofilebdes studenti, raTa konkursSi CaerTos? - yvela programas sxvadasxva moTxovna aqvs, rac damokidebulia mimRebi universitetis moTxovnebze. zogierTi gacvliTi programa gviwesebs GPA-is minimalur zRvars, romelze naklebis mqone studentebis aplikaciebis miRebas azri ar aqvs, Tumca aris iseTi partniori universitetebi, romlebsac aseTi zRvari ar aqvT dawesebuli. ramdenjer SeuZlia students gacvliT programaSi monawileobis miReba? - ERASMUS+-s aqvs limiti, swavlebis TiTo safexurze maqsimum 2-jer SeiZleba sti pendiis miReba anu bakalavriatze orjer, magistraturaze orjer, doqtoranturis periodSic orjer. - ra xarjebs faravs es gacvliTi programebi?

-ERASMUS+-is gacvliTi programa praqtikulad yvela xarjs faravs, maT Soris saerTaSoriso mgzavrobas, studenti mimReb universitetSi Tavisufldeba swavlis gadasaxadisagan da aseve studentebs eZlevaT yovelTviuri sti pendia. programa ar faravs dazRvevas da vizis mosakrebels. rac Seexeba ormxriv gacvliT programebs, iq universitetebis mixedviT gansxvavdeba. aris SemTxvevebi, rodesac yvelaferi studentis dasafinansebelia, aris SemTxveva, rodesac sti pendia aris minimaluri, magaliTad, 56 evro da paketSi Sedis aseve ufaso saerTo sacxovrebeli. es Zalian individualuria, erTsa da imave universitetSi wlebis mixedviTac ki gansxvavdeba pirobebi. - gamgzavrebisa da iq swavlis periodSi Tu gaqvT komunikacia studentebTan? - diax, ra Tqma unda, im SemTxvevaSi, Tu gviwevs im universitetSi Casvla, aucileblad vxvdebiT Cvens studentebs, magram amis gardac mudmivad gvaqvs komunikacia. umetes SemTxvevaSi maT gamgzavrebamde gamzadebuli saswavlo xelSekrulebis ganaxleba sWirdebaT xolme, romlis saboloo versias eleqtronulad vamzadebT. -Tqveni informaciiT, ZiriTadad ra gamowvevis winaSe dganan xolme studentebi gacvliT programaSi monawileobis periodSi? - raime iseTi konkretuli gamowveva,

romlis winaSec wlebis ganmavlobaSi dganan da es Cven viciT,aseTi ar maxsendeba, garda imisa, rom sti pendias ugvianeben. magaliTad, italiuri universitetebi iq arsebuli biurokratiis gamo pirveli Tvis sti pendiis gadaricxvas agvianeben, magram es ukve cnobili ambavia da vcdilobT, rom studentebi momzadebuli iyvnen am faqtisaTvis. - rac Seexeba profesorebs, ZiriTadad ra ti pis proeqtebSi arian CarTuli Tsu-is profesorebi? - profesorebi studentebis msgavsad monawileoben ERASMUS+-is gacvliT programebSi, igive konkursiT xdeba maTi SerCeva, ikribeba komisia, romelsac reqtori, reqtoris moadgile an zogierT SemTxvevaSi kancleri xelmZRvanelobs. sakonkurso komisia arsebuli aplikantebidan garkveul raodenobas rekomendacias aZlevs mobilobaSi monawileobaze. Tsu-is personalisTvis weliwadSi saSualod 70 sti pendia gaicema. Tqveni departamenti ucxoel studentebsac emsaxureba, ZiriTadad romeli qveynebidan arian Tsu-Si amJamad myofi studentebi? - am etapze Tsu-Si 23 ucxoeli studenti swavlobs, ZiriTadad evropis qveynebidan: italiidan, germaniidan, safrangeTidan, espaneTidan, CexeTis respublikidan da baltiispireTis qveynebidan. - da bolos, ra rCevas miscemdiT maT, vinc samomavlod sazRvargareT swavlas Tqveni programebis saSualebiT apirebs? - maRali GPA-is SenarCuneba da ucxo enis maRal doneze floba, samotivacio werili aucileblad originaluri naSromi unda iyos. Zalian iolia imis dadgena samotivacio werili TviTon studentis dawerilia Tu vinmes daxmarebiT aris Sedgenili. studentma aucileblad unda icodes, sad da ratom midis, amitom aucileblad unda icnobdnen im universitetis specifikas, sadac apireben swavlas, kursebis CamonaTvali, mimarTuleba, ratom airCies, rogor miusadages TavianT mimarTulebas mSobliur universitetSi da a.S. garkveuli drois daxarjva aucilebelia imisaTvis, rom interviuze warmatebas miaRwios studentma.

irma kurtaniZe

mosaxleoba samsaxuris gareSe saqarTveloSi umuSevroba rom erT-erT yvelaze did da mougvarebel problemad rCeba, es aravis ukvirs. 2018 wels, 2017 welTan SedarebiT, dasaqmebul adamianTa kleba SeiniSneba saqstatis oficialuri monacemebiT, Tu 2017 wels dasaqmebulTa ricxvi 1,706 milioni adamiani iyo, 2018 wlis pirvel naxevarSi es maCvenebeli 1,666 milionamde Semcirda. rogorc aRmoCnda, TviTdasaqmebulTa didi nawili, socialuri gamokiTxvebis dros, Tavs dausaqmeblad miiCnevs. magaliTad, 52 wlis marika diasaxlisia. wlebia sasurvel saxelmwifo samsaxurs eZebs, Tumca ver i pova. dRes TviTdasaqmebulia da ramdenime bavSvs amzadebs inglisur enaSi. miuxedavad amisa, SekiTxvaze, “aris Tu ara dasaqmebuli”, mainc mi pasuxa, rom ,,ara”. msgavsi faqti konkurencias kidev ufro metad zrdis: sociologiuri kvlevebis Sedegad miRebuli pasuxebis gaTvaliswinebiT, Sida Sromis bazarze samuSao adgilis maZiebelTa ricxvs zrdis im adamianTa raodenobac, romlebic TviTdasaqmebulebi arian. Sesabamisad, Tuki romelime sawarmosa Tu kompaniaSi Tavisufali adgili gamoCndeba, es sulac ar niSnavs, rom mas oficialuri gagebiT umuSevari adamiani daikavebs.

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studentebisTvis ki es kidev ufro rTuldeba. swavla da samsaxuri erTad Zalian Zneli SesaTavsebelia. Tumca, roca studenti universitetis bakalavris da magistris xarisxs asrulebs, asakis Sesabamisad, damsaqmebeli mas sTxovs samuSao gamocdilebas. Sesabamisad, studentebs uwevT, staJis an sulac materiluri keTildReobis gaumjobesebis mizniT, leqcia-seminarebTan SeTavsebiT samsaxurSi siaruli. samuSao adgilebisa da gamoyofili biujetis simwiris gamo studentebi, romlebic staJiorebad muSaoben, dilemis winaSe aRmoCndebian xolme. 21 wlis naTia pirveli kursidan aqtiurad gadioda staJirebas sainformacio saagentoebSi. yvelgan, ZiriTadad,im pirobas aZlevdnen, rom ramdenime TveSi StatSi Casvamdnen, magram amaod: ,,staJireba kanoniT ar regulirdeba, minimaluri anazRaureba araa maSinac ki, roca yvelafers iswavli da imaze mets akeTeb vidre gevaleba.” - ambobs CvenTan saubrisas naTia. evropeli eqspertebi Tanxmdebian, rom umuSevroba nebismieri qveynis mosaxleobisTvis didi tvirTia. is ara marto ekonomikur,aramed fsiqologiuri da socialuri danakargis momtania. sazogadoebrivi mauwyeblis ekonomikuri analitikosi, merab janiaSvili BPI.geze gamoqveynebul erT-erT statiaSi

wers: ,,dasaqmebulTa zrda kerZo seqtoris xarjze unda moxdes da ara saxelmwifo struqturebSi, radgan kerZo mewarmeebis mier meti adamianis dasaqmeba miuTiTebs swored ekonomikis gajansaRebaze. xolo saxelmwifom xelovnuradac SeiZleba gaberos Statebi da amisaTvis biujetis Tanxebi uazrod xarjos.” teqnologiuri procesebis ganviTarebam moitana ramdenime aTasi samuSao adgilis gaqrobac. magaliTad, Casaricxma aparatebma erTi mxriv mosaxleobas Seumsubuqa yoveldRiuri cxovreba, Tumca, meore mxriv, Seiwira ramdenime aTasi adamianis samuSao adgili. rasakvirvelia, teqnologiur ganviTarebaze uaris Tqma amis gamo ar Rirs, magram faqtia, rom teqnikam adamiani garkveul saqmeebSi Caanacvla.

rogorc mecnierebi varaudoben, ramdenime aTeul welSi zogierTi profesiac gaqreba da masSi adamians teqnika mTlianad Caanacvlebs. qveynis ekonomikuri zrdis tempis paralelurad, ganaTlebis gamarTuli sistemis miReba es erT-erTi mniSvnelovani gzaa umuSevrobis Tavidan asacileblad. saWiroa, rom dasaqmebulTa xvedriTi wili ara marto sajaro seqtorSi iyos bevri, aramed kerZo seqtorSic raTa SevinarCunoT balansi da qveyanam daZlios umuSevroba, problema, romelic ramdenime aTeuli welia yvelaze metad awuxebs qarTvel sazogadoebas.

keso boWoriSvili


sazogadoeba

,,infeqciuri daavadebebis kleba Cveni organizaciis Sedegicaa”-Tea petriaSvili 2018 wels gasul wlebTan SedarebiT, infeqciuri daavadebebis raodenobam sagrZnoblad iklo saqarTveloSi. fsiqo-socialuri centri “axali gza” aris informaciisa da konsultaciis centri, romelic aseve akeTebs analizebsa da gamokvlebebs, arigebs sterilurs saSualebebs, roma ar moxdes daavadebis gavrceleba amis Sesaxeb, ufro detalurad fsiqosocialuri centris konsultanti, Tea petriaSvili, saubrobs. _ Tqveni organizacia ,,axali gza” aris fsiqo-socialuri informaciisa da konsultaciis centri, magram Tqven, aseve, akeTebT analizebsa da gamokvlevebs. Tu SegiZliaT, zustad rom mogviyveT, ra saxis daxmarebas sTavazobT im adamianebs, visac Tqveni gverdiT dgoma sWirdebaT? _ radgan Cvens organizacias hqvia fsiqo-socialuri daxmarebis centri, unda iTqvas, rom Cven ZiriTadad narkotikebis momxmareblebTan da maT partniorebTan vmuSaobT. Cvens servisebSi ar Sedis narkotikebis moxmarebis akrZalva, Cven vcdilobT,rom narkotikebis moxmareba sterilurad mainc moxdes da infeqciuri daavadebebis gamavrceleblebad ar iqcnen. Cven amisTvis varigebT sterilur

saSualebebs: Spricebs, prezervativebsa da spirtian safenebs. aseve vawodebT sainformacio biuletinebs, romlebic Seexeba im infeqciur daavadebebs, romelTa prevenciasac vcdilobT. es infeqciuri daavadebebia: sifilisi, BB da C hepatitebi, aiv infeqcia. _ rogorc cnobilia, ukve 16 welia, saqarTveloSi muSaobT, am wlebis ganmavlobaSi ki Zalian bevr adamians daexmareT. 2018 wlis statistikuri monacemebiT, aiv infeqcia saqarTveloSi 7332 adamians aRmoaCnda. Tqveni dakvirvebiT, bolo periodSi aiv infeqciiT daavadebulTa raodenoba gaizarda Tu Semcirda? _ statistika, romelic aiv infeqciis oficialur gverdzec devs, gviCvenebs, rom bolo periodSi iklo daavadebulTa raodenobam, rasac mec veTanxmebi. es ki, garkveulwilad, Cveni organizaciis muSaobis Sedegicaa. _ evropis qveynebTan SedarebiT, saqarTveloSi infeqciuri daavadebebi xSiri araa, magram aseTi patara qveynisTvis, rogoric saqarTveloa, es maCvenebeli mainc maRalia. ra SeiZleba moxerxdes daavadebebis Tavidan asacileblad da ras urCevT mosaxleobas maTgan Tavdasacavad? _ Cveni mcdelobebi zustad imiskenaa mimarTuli, rom es swrafi gavrceleba, rogorRac, SevaCeroT. Cveni saganmanaTleblo literatura, romelsac Zalian xSirad quCaSic varigebT, aseve saganmanaTleblo Sexvedrebi Cvens beneficiarebTan, studentebTan da narkomomxmareblebTan, romlebsac TveSi erTxel treningebis

saxiT vmarTavT, swored am mizans emsaxureba. rogorc aRvniSne, sterilur saSualebebsac amitom varigebT. _ Tu analizis aRebis Semdeg pacients daudginda romelime infeqciuri daavadeba, es misTvis Zalian stresulia. amis Semdeg fsiqologiur daxmarebas uwevT? _ CvenTan gamovlenili infeqcia ar aris saboloo Sedegi, EeWvis gaCenis Semdeg damatebiTi dadasturebisTvis pacients aiv infeqciis centrSi vgzavniT. ra Tqma unda, testirebamdec da Semdegac Cveni konsultaciis saSualebiT maT vuxsniT, rasTan gvaqvs saqme da, Tu namdvilad dadasturdeba infeqciis arseboba, veubnebiT pacients, rom dRes es aris marTvadi infeqcia da, Tu eqimis rCevebsa da instruqciebs bolomde mihyveba, mis daregulirebas SevZlebT. CvenTan ar xdeba konsultacia da fsiqologiuri daxmareba jgufurad, yvela adamianTan Sexvedras individualurad vmarTavT. Aaseve, infeqciis dadasturebis SemTxvevaSi Cven ar gvaqvs vinaobis gamxelisa da maTi partniorebis gafrTxilebis ufleba. _ rogorc axseneT, Tqven ar gaqvT ufleba infeqciiT daavadebulTa partniorebs gaumxiloT daavadebis Sesaxeb. ra moxdeba, Tu TviTonac ar moindomeben amis gamxelas da daavadeba gavrceldeba? xom ar gqoniaT konkretuli SemTxveva? _ Zalian samwuxaroa, magram Cven Zalian bevri aseTi SemTxveva gvqonda. mamakacma gaigo, rom mas hqonda aiv infeqcia, magram ar moindoma Tavisi partniorisTvis gamxela da Cvens

SeTavazebaze, qalbatonic gagvesinja, uariT gvi pasuxa. samwuxarod, kanoni mis mxares iyo da Cven veraferi gavakeTeT. yvelafris mizezi ki is aris, rom adamianebs ar aqvT am infeqciebis Sesaxeb informacia da hgoniaT, rom Tu vinmes etyvian, sruliad martoni darCebian, rac, ra Tqma unda, absurdia. _ Tqveni ZiriTadi mizani narkomomxmareblebis daxmarebaa da swored imitom arigebT sterilur saSualebebs,rom ar moxdes daavadebebis gavrceleba. bolo periodSi ki, gaxSirda salonebSi momxdari SemTxvevebi, rodesac daavadebebi frCxilebis mowesrigebisas an tatus gakeTebisas vrceldeba. gqoniaT aseTi SemTxvevebi? _ ramdenime Tvis win Cvens centrSi gogona megobars mohyva, rodesac gaigo, rom analizebi ufaso iyo, TviTonac gaikeTa da aRmoaCina, rom aiv infeqcia hqonda. rogorc gavigeT, is xSirad ikeTebda frCxilebs erTsa da imave salonSi, iq ki arasteriluri xelsawyoebiT muSaobdnen. swored amitom minda, mivmarTo yvelas, rom profilaqtikis mizniT Tavi Seimowmon. CvenTan yvelanairi gamokvleva ufasoa, maT Soris ufasoa fsiqologis daxmarebac. adamianma ki aseTi Semowmeb, minimum, sam TveSi erTxel mainc unda Caitaros.

mariam abazaSvili

ras vuyurebT iuTubSi?

2005 wlis 23 aprils aitvirTa video, romelmac safuZveli Cauyara erT–erT yvelaze popularul saits – „iuTubs“. iuTubis Semqmnelebi, albaT, verc warmoidgendnen, rom gavidoda mcire xani da 19-wamian videos „me zooparkSi“, iuTubis zeobis xana mohyveboda. iuTubma Seqmna samyaro, romelSic SeuZlebelia moiwyino. mniSvneloba ar aqvs qali xarT Tu kaci, xuTi wlis Tu samocdaaTis, qarTveli Tu amerikeli, verZi Tu merwyuli, mSenebeli Tu mzareuli, aq aucileblad i poviT uamrav videos, romelic karga xans migajaWvebT kompiuterisa Tu mobiluris ekrans.

rogorc iuTubis Semqmnelebi acxadeben, videoebis am udides bazas aqvs is ZiriTadi Rirebulebebi, rac oTxi Tavisuflebis ideis qveS erTiandeba: gamoxatvis, informaciis miRebisa da gavrcelebis, SesaZleblobisa da sakuTrebis Tavisufleba. iuTubis arxs sxvadasxva mizeziT qmnian. umetesad, popularobis mopovebis da, Sesabamisad, Semosavlis miRebis mizniT. zogi ki, ubralod erToba videobis gadaRebiT. iuTuberebi cdiloben erTi konkretuli sfero airCion da Tematuri videoebi Seqmnan, rogoricaa: TamaSebis ganxilva, moda, Semecneba, teqnologiebi, dekori, kulinaria da a.S. qarTvelebic vcdilobT fexi avuwyoT progress, Tundac, iuTubisTvis videoebis SeqmnaSi. ra Tqma unda, maTi umetesobis xarisxi Zalian dabalia teqnikuri da Sinaarsobrivi TvalsazrisiT, magram aSkarad SesamCnevia progresi, romelsac qarTuli iuTubi ganicdis. ase

rom, warmogidgenT yvelaze popularul ucxoel da qarTvel iuTuberebs, romlebic gviyvars, vuyurebT da maTi videoebis dadebas mouTmenlad veliT. teqnologiebi: ramdenjer giocnebiaT Tqveni sayvarli supergmiris Zala gqonodaT? sanam CvenTan adamiani obobas formebs icvamen bavSvebi, kanadeli iuTuberi James Hobson fantazias aZlevs gasaqans da Tavis iuTub arxze (The Hacksmith) kapitan amerikas fars, Toris CaquCs, rkinis kacis safren mowyobilobas akeTebs da es yvelaferi namdvilia! xSirad, imaze metad realuri, vidre filmebSi. ase rom, Tuki marveli da supergmirebi gitacebT, es arxi TqvenTvisaa! saqarTveloSi Zalian popularuli da warmatebulia giorgi danelia („dronebis mbrZanebeli“). mas sakuTari kompania aqvs (Copter), romelic or saqmianobas moicavs: foto– video gadaRebasa da DJI-is dronebis oficialur dilerobas. giorgis arxze dronebis

awyobis, muSaobis da maT mier gadaRebul ulamazes videoebs SexvdebiT. aseve, ramdenime video aqvs gadaRebuli kompiuteris awyobis Sesaxebac. mokled, Tu gainteresebT teqnologiebi da gansakuTrebiT, dronebi, es arxi TqvenTvis maswavlebelic iqneba da garTobis saSualebac. Tavis movla, makiaJi, moda: iuTuberebs Soris sapatio adgils ikaveben axalgazrdebi, romlebic Tavis movlis, makiaJis, dilisa da saRamos rutinis, dekorisa da modis Sesaxeb iReben videoebs. aRsaniSnavia Yuya, axalgazrda gogonas iuTubis arxi, swored aRniSnul Temebze gadaRebul videoebs SexvdebiT. mas 22 mln–ze meti gamomweri hyavs da stabilurad inarCunebs erT–erTi yvelaze popularuli iuTuberis statuss. aRsaniSnavia, rom igi 2017 wels gaeros keTili nebis elCad iqna arCeuli da msoflios masStabiT xelovan qalTa mxardaWeris mimarTulebiT muSaobs.

rac Seexeba Cvens qveyanas: saqarTveloSic bevria msgavsi mimarTulebis iuTuberi. maT Soris aRsaniSnavia Tako Sazina, romlis pirveli video 2015 wlis seqtemberSi daido da mis arxs ukve 21 aTasi gamomweri hyavs. Tako merCendaizingiTaa dakavebuli da misi, TiTqmis yvela video, ama Tu im produqtis reklamas warmoadgens. Tako sazina naTeli magaliTia imisa, rom nebismier adamians SeuZlia gaxdes e.w. influencer da amisTvis namdvilad ar aris saWiro cnobadi saxe iyo. moTamaSeebi: Daniel Middleton 16,5 mln dolariT 2017 wlis yvelaze maRalanazRaurebad iuTuberad dasaxelda. mis iuTubis arxs 20 milionze meti gamomweri hyavs. ras akeTebs denieli? – TamaSobs! TamaSobs bevr kompiuterul TamaSs, iRebs, afasebs, xumrobs. xalxi uyurebs, xalisobs da ai, misi hobi warmatebiT iqca Semosavlis wyarod. imdenad warmatebiT, rom milionobiT dolari moutana. milionobiT dolari ar moutania, magram qarTvel moTamaSeebSi Zalian popularulia NikaTMG, romelic kviraSi sam videos debs- xolme. mis arxs 108 aTasze meti gamomweri hyavs da naxvebis raodenoba ki 100 aTass aWarbebs. igi yvela stilis kompiuterul TamaSs TamaSobs, pirdapir eTerSic xSirad erTveba, axal TamaSebs acnobs erTgul mayurebels. mokled, Tu kompiuteruli TamaSebi giyvarT, axlebis aRmoCena gsurT, an ubralod, gainteresebT, rogor unda „daxuroT“ esa Tu is TamaSi, es arxi TqvenTvisaa!

komedia: ra iqneboda iuTubi komediuri videobis gareSe? aRsaniSnavia iuTubis arxi PewDiePie, romelsac warmoSobiT Svedi, 29 wlis axalgazrda marTavs. erTgul mayurebels bevri saxaliso videoTi anebivrebs. mis videoebSi Warbobs e.w. memeebi, parodiebi. yvela video gaJRenTilia sarkazmiTa da ironiiT, rac SeiZleba vinmes gaRezianebasac iwvevdes, magram gaixseneT iuTubis pirveli wesi: gamoxatvis Tavisufleba! qal komediantebs Soris aRsaniSnavia Lilly Singh, romelic marTavs iuTubarxs IISUPERWOMANII. aq ZiriTadad adamianTa sxvadasxva ti psa da maT parodiebs SexvdebiT. aseve, is xmamaRla saubrobs rig mniSvnelovan sakiTxebze. 2017 wels gaxda iunisefis keTili nebis elCi, ibrZvis qalTa da bavSvTa uflebebis dasacavad. imave wels gamouSva wigni saxelwodebiT: A Guide To Conquering Life. qarTvelebSi aRsaniSnavia Ika NaTia Official - bolo drois yvelaze popularuli wyvilis iuTubarxi. maTi pozitiuri da saxaliso videoebi bevrisTvis sayvarel gasarTobad iqca. sityva „sicocxlev“ ki - maT savizito baraTad. yvela maTgani gajerebulia ironiiT da, Tu gantvirTva

gagrZeleba ix. me-6 gverdze

5


sazogadoeba

ras vuyurebT iuTubSi?

dasawyisi is. me-5 gverdze

da sicili mogindebaT, es arxi namdvilad gagaxalisebT. iuTuberi bavSvebi rogorc dasawyisSi aRvniSne, iuTubSi yvela asakis adamiani i povis misTvis saintereso videoebs. msoflios masStabiT uamravi iuTuberi bavSvia, romelic Tavis Tanatolebs martivad ayvarebs Tavs da maTi kerpic ki xdeba. ucxoelebidan aRsaniSnavia iuTubgverdi Ryan ToysReview, romelic 8 wlis biWs, raians, ekuTvnis. TiTqmis yoveldRe ideba axali videoebi, romlebSic raiani ganixilavs ama Tu im saTamaSos (misi SefuTvidan dawyebuli, funqciebiT damTavrebuli), xSirad awyobs gamowvevebs (e.w. Celenjebs). mag-

aliTad, gamowveva „yvelaferze Tqvi diax“, „ar airCio araswori Sampuni“ da a.S. mis videoebSi aqtiurad iReben monawileobas mSoblebi da tyupi debi. 2016–sa da 2017 wlebSi raianis Semosavalma 11 mln dolars gadaaWarba. qarTvelebidan vin gagvaxsendeba bavSv iuTuberebze saubrisas, Tu ara emilia (EmiliTV, EmiliFamily), romlis videoebs milionobiT naxva aqvs. Tamamad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom emilia qveynis yvelaze popularuli bavSvia. mas usmenen, afaseben, baZaven qarTveli patarebi. rac emilias acvia, is unda yvela pataras; rasac emilia miirTmevs, is surs yvela bavSvs; sadac isvenebs emilia, iq dasven-

ebaze ocnebobs yvela patara. emiliac „influenseria“ da misi videoebis umetesobaSi esa Tu is produqti, Tu momsaxurebaa gareklamebuli. kulinaria ukve wlebia, rac receptebis wignebma meore planze gadainacvla. ufro mosaxerxebelia, roca Tan kiTxulob recepts, Tan moyvarul, an profesional mzareulTan erTad amzadeb. msoflios masStabiT Zalian bevri iuTuberia, vinc sxvadasxva sirTulis kerZebis momzadebas aswavlis xalxs. mniSvneloba ar aqvs, 5 wuTiani sauzmis momzadeba gsurT Tu, saaxalwlo sufris receptebis seria.... iuTubSi yvelafers i poviT. ucxoeli iuTubarxebidan

“es ar aris Cemi arCevani” saerTaSoriso organizacia “World vision saqarTvelo”-s informaciiT saqarTveloSi quCaSi 2000-dan 2500-mde bavSvi cxovrobs. “World vision saqarTvelo”-m NICEF _Tan erTad daaxloebiT erTi wlis win quCaSi bavSvTa eqspluataciis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli kampania “es ar aris Cemi arCevani” daiwyo, romlis mizanic quCebSi bavSvTa eqspluataciis dasruleba da am bavSvebisaTvis jansaRi, aqtiuri da ukeTesi momavlis Seqmnaa. sazogadoebis, arasamTavrobo organizaciebis, saxelmwifosa da kerZo struqturebis daxmarebiT. maTi saqmianoba sam ZiriTad mimarTulebas moicavs: bavSvTa dacva da keTildReoba, axalgazrdebis gaZliereba da adreuli asakis bavSvebis ganviTareba. am kampaniis farglebSi mxatvarma musia qeburiam quTaisis centralur mon plaziris moedanTan erT-erTi Senobis fasadi moxata, romelicE sazogadoebisTvis quCaSi mcxovrebi bavSvebis problemis Sexsenebas da am problemis Sesaxeb sazogadoebis cnobierebis amaRlebas emsaxureba. musia qeburia: “Cems naxatze asaxulia muyaos yuTSi mcxovrebi bavSvis survilebi- hyavdes mosiyvaurle deda da ojaxi, hqondes saxli da saTamaSoebi.. vecade emociurad datvirtuli foni Semeqmna, raTa ufro metad vigrZnoT am bavSvebis mdgomareobis simZime da am problemaze ufro metad davfiqrdeT. quCis xelovneba socialuri problemebis sazogadoebisTvis miwodebis

6

erT-erTi efeqturi saSualebaa. zogadad, Cemi azriT, nebismieri socialuri problemis aRmofxvrisTvis saWiroa sazogadoebis daintereseba da CarTuloba. samwuxarod, quCaSi mcxovrebi da momuSave bavSvebis naxva saqarTveloSi Cveulebriv movlenad iqca da am bavSvebze zrunva sazogadoebis mxridan, ZiriTadad, mciredi fuladi daxmarebiT Semoifargleba da ar vcdilobT am problemas ufro metad CavuRmavdeT. am bavSvebs yoveldRiurad TviTgadarCenisTvis uwevT brZola, rac maT fsiqologiur mdgomareobaze did gavlenas axdens. skolis asakis periodi adamianisTvis socializaciisa da identobis Camoyalibebis procesis umTavresi periodia, am bavSvebis umravlesoba ki am asakSi iseTi institutebis mxridan, rogoric aris ojaxi da skola xSirad Zaladobis, Cagvrisa da bulingis msxverplia, amitom, TviTonac agresiulebi arian, sakuTari SesaZleblobebisa da ukeTesi momavlis rwmenas kargaven da sazogadoebis mimarTac undoblobis grZnoba uCndebaT, Tumca, es ar aris maTi arCevani.” N

nina fxoveliSvili

aRsaniSnavia Laura In The Kitchen. es aris diasaxlisis arxi, sadac naxavT yvela saxis recepts: pur–funTuSeuloba, deserti, salaTebi, wvnianebi. es arxi gamorCeulia imiT, rom moyvaruli mzareuli (romelic rTulia profesionali ar gegonos) kerZebis momzadebis yvelaze martiv xerxs sTavazobs mayurebels. gadaRebis maRali xarisxi, mxiaruli diasaxlisi da kerZebi, romlebic ugemrielesad gamoiyureba... rac mTavaria, imdenad martivad xsnis mzareuli, mayurebels ajerebs, rom isic aucileblad SeZlebs mis momzadebas. qarTvelebidan aRsaniSnavia Apolines Cuisine, emigranti qarTveli qalis iuTubarxi, ro-

melic Zalian hgavs Laura In The Kitchen–s. gansxvavebaa isaa, rom qarTveli diasaxlisis videobSi mzareulis mxolod xelebi Cans, Tavad ki iSviaTad Cndeba xolme, magram misi saocrad mSvidi da sasiamovno xmis gamo Zalian bevr qarTvel moyvarul kulinars Seayvara Tavi. Tamamad SeiZleba iTqvas, rom am arxze rTuli recepti ar arsebobs. SeiZleba, imitom, rom apolina momzadebis martiv gzebs gvTavazobs. Tuki statiis kiTxva daasruleT, SegiZliaT Tamamad estumroT Tqvens sayvarel iuTubarxs. SeiZleba, axali video iyos atvirTuli.

mariam turZilaZe

polarizebuli media, rogorc Jurnalisturi radikalizmis forma adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom ganaviTara da daawesa standarti sityvisa da gamoxatvis Tavisuflebis Sesaxeb, romlis mixedviTac kanoni nebismier SemTxvevaSi Tavisufali azris mxaresaa da saxelmwifos interesebs, faqtobrivad, ar aqvs mniSvneloba. Sesabamisad, rTulia gaakritiko mediasaSualeba, romelic konkretul politikur Zalaze morgebuli saredaqcio politikiT moqmedebs da sazogadoebas naklebad obieqtur informacias awvdis. rodesac saqarTelos saerTaSoriso imijs exeba saqme, nebismier kvlevaSi an rangirebaSi Cveni qveyana moxseniebulia, rogorc nawilobriv-demokratiuli, nawilobriv-Tavisufali. sityva „nawilobriv“ mediis damoukideblobis indeqssac wlebia Tan sdevs. am mdgomareobis gamomwvevi mizezebis Zebna polarizebul mediamde migviyvans, xolo politikuri interesebiT motivirebuli mediasaSualebebis problemis mogvarebis gzebi qarTuli Jurnalistikis uaxles istoriaSi unda veZioT. Cveni qveynis Tanamedrove politikur mdgomareobas Tu gadavxedavT, gamoikveTeba ori yvelaze metad gavleniani Zala - partia „qarTuli ocneba - demokratiuli saqarTvelo“ da „erTiani nacionaluri moZraoba“. ra Tqma unda, qveyanaSi kidev ramdenime sakmaod gavleniani politikuri Zalaa, Tumca maTi umravlesoba, isev da isev, romelime mTavar Zalas emxroba an misi „satelitia“. Sesabamisad, daaxloebiT igive mdgomareobaa qarTul mediasivrceSi. qveynis ori mTavari televizia „rusTavi 2“ da „imedi“ mayurebelTa ZiriTad nawils iyofen. orive maTgani Riad uWers mxars konkretul politikur Zalsa da maT ideologias, Tumca aRniSnuli televiziebi kerZo mflobelobaSia. sazogadoebrivi mauwyebeli reitingis naklebobis gamo mayurebelTa azris formirebaSi, faqtobrivad, ar iRebs monawileobas. „imedTan“ erTad saerTo holdingis nawilia telekompania „maestro“, xolo “Tu pirveli“ am etapze, damoukidebeli saredaqcio politikiT moqmedebs. rogorc ukve aRvniSne, qarTuli mediis uaxlesi istoria dagvexmareba polarizebul mediasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebis garkvevaSi. upirvelesad, ganvixiloT telekompania „imedi“, romelzec „nacionaluri moZ-

raobis“ mmarTvelobis periodSi, misi mflobelis - badri patarkaciSvilis ojaxma gavlena dakarga, xolo xelisuflebis cvlilebasTan erTad, kvlav aRidgina Zalaufleba. maSindel xelisuflebasTan dapirispirebam „imedi“ axali mmarTveli Zalis mxardamWerad aqcia. „rusTavi 2“ dafuZnebis dRidan cnobili iyo, rogorc opoziciuri televizia, romelic ewinaaRmdegeboda eduard SevardnaZis mmarTvelobas da am mmarTvelobis dasrulebaSic didi roli Seasrula, xolo 2004 wlidan xelisuflebis mxardamWerad iqca. 2012 wels koalicia „qarTuli ocneba“ mmarTvel Zalad mogvevlina da, Sesabamisad, „rusTavi 2-ma’’ kvlav daibruna opoziciuri arxis wodeba. amjerad, ukve axalma xelisuflebam scada „rusTavi 2-ze’’ gavlenis mopoveba, ramac kidev ufro radikaluri ganwyobebis Camoyalibebas Seuwyo xeli. sabolood, miviReT reitingebis ori lideri telekompania, romlebic mudmivad akritikeben, rogorc maTTvis arasasurvel politikur Zalebs, aseve erTmaneTs. polarizebuli media bevri sxva qveynis mTavari gamowvevaa, igive problema aqvs iseT ganviTarebul saxelmwifos, rogoric amerikis SeerTebuli Statebia, sadac demokratebis mxardamWeri „CNN“ da respublikelebis erTguli televizia “FOX news’’ mudmivad axali ambebis omSi arian CarTuli. Ggansxvaveba Cvensa da aSS-s Soris aris is, rom amerikel sazogadoebas kidev mravali alternatiuli azris mosmenis saSualeba aqvs da maT yoveldRiurobas politikuri dRiswesrigi naklebad gansazRvravs.

mixeil talaxaZe


sazogadoeba

avtosagzao SemTxvevebi gzebze dausjelobis sindromi mZRolebSi gaxSirebuli avtoavariebi da msxverplTa gazrdili raodenoba gzebze - es saqarTveloSi arsebuli realuri suraTia. amas Cvens qveyanaSi 2018 wlis pirvel kvartalSi momxdari avariebis msxverplTa raodenobac mowmobs, rac 107 adamians Seadgens amis Sesaxeb Sinagan saqmeTa saministros statistikur monacemebSi vkiTxulobT. gasul welTan SedarebiT es ricxvi Semcirebulia, Tumca mainc qmnis risks, rom makontrolebel sistemaSi problemebia da saswrafo reagirebas saWiroebs. 2017 wlis statistikas Tu gadavavlebT Tvals davinaxavT, rom suraTi marTlac mZimea. magaliTisTvis es ricxvi 16 dReSi 19 gardacvlils Seadgens. am SemTxvevebis raodenobam gansakuTrebiT aprilis Tvidan imata, amis Sesaxeb gaeros eqsperti transportisa da sagzao usafrToxebis sakiTxebSi, gela kvaSilava „rezonansTan” saubrisas acxadebs: „Tu SevadarebT bolo sam Tves, romelic dakavSirebulia imasTan, rom zafxulis periodSi ufro meti gadaadgileba, gansakuTrebiT aprilidan, moimata sagzao-satpransporto SemTxvevebis ricxvma.” misi TqmiT, sagzao moZraobis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonSi Sesul cvlilebs unda mieces saboloo saxe. marTalia, damontaJda e.w. Wkviani kamerebi, Tumca mZRolebSi didi xania

gaCnda „dausjelobis sindromi”, rasac usafrTxoebis normebis ardacva da mZRolebis arakvalificiurobac emateba. 31 oqtombrs liloSi erTmaneTs 2 mikroavtobusi da 2 msubuqi avtomanqana Seejaxa avariis dros 8 adamiani daSavda. msxverpliT dasrulda avtosagzao SemTxveva 3 ivliss TbilisSi mtkvris marcxena sanapiroze. mas baikeris sicocxle emsxverpla. 9 ivnisis avaria gomboris uReltexilze. mikroavtobusi, romelsac bavSvebi eqskursiaze mihyavda, xevSi gadavarda. avarias 4 adaminis sicocxle emsxverpla, maT Soris 1 mcirewlovani iyo. axali regulaciebis miuxedavad, saqarTveloSi sagzao usafrTxoebis sakiTxi metad mwvaved dgas. evropis qveynebisgan gansxvavebiT, Cvens qveyanaSi sagzao SemTxvevebis didi nawili sikvdilianobiTa da travmebis maRali xarisxiT gamoirCeva. „qulaTa sistemis SemoRebam Tavidan Secvala raRac; yovel SemTxvevaSi molodini iyo imisa,rom misi aRsruleba daiwyeboda, magram ramdenime Tvis Semdeg cxadi gaxda, rom is jer kidev ar aris danergili da mis aRsrulebas sWirdeba erTiani monitoringis sistema da ufro meti kameris damontajeba-, acxadebs gela kvaSilava. jandacvis msoflio organizaciis monacemebic adasturebs imas, rom sikvdilianoba gzebze — Tanamedrove msoflios seriozuli gamowvevaa. kvlevis angariSSi weria, rom yovelwliurad avtoavariebis Sedegad

1,2 milionze meti adamiani iRupeba. nawili adamianebisa arasasikvdilo travmas iRebs, Tumca travma imdenad mZimea, rom maTSi invalidobas iwvevs. jandacvis msoflio organizacia da misi statistikaa is ukanaskneli, romlis mixedviT, saqarTvelo 10 yvelaze maRali riskis mqone qveyanas Sorisaa gzebze sikvdilianobis maCvenebliT. “saqarTvelos aliansi usafrTxo gzebisTvis” gamgeobis Tavmjdomaris eka laliaSvilis gancxadebiT ki, sagzao moZraobis usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb kanonproeqtis ganxilva parlamentis mxridan, faqtobrivad, ar xdeba. misi TqmiT, es ganwyoba qmnis STabeWdilebas, rom amaze xelisufleba ar reagirebs da mxolod Sss-s monawileobiT es problemebi ar mogvardeba. „misaRebia kanoni, romelic sakanonmdeblo organoSi ramdenime Tvea devs, pirdapir rom vTqvaT sagzao moZraobis usafrTxoebis Sesaxeb

kanonproeqtis ganxilvaze parlamentis mxridan reagireba Zalian sustia-, aRniSnavs is „niu postTan“ interviuSi. marTalia, saerTaSoriso gamocdileba aCvenebs, rom sainformacio kampania uaResad mniSvnelovania sagzao wesebis dacvis kulturis danergvisTvis, Tumca Cvens qveyanaSi problemas sakmaod Rrmad aqvs fesvebi gadgmuli. verc regularul saganmanaTleblo aqtivobebi, treningebi da verc saganamanTleblo satelevizio da sareklamo aqciebi, romliTac mosaxleobas eqneba saSualeba, informacia miiRos sagzao usafrTxoebis wesebis dacvaze, ver iqneba garanti imis, rom sagzao usafrTxoebis sakiTxi gansaxilvel Temad aRar iqceva. amas imis gaTaviseba sWirdeba, rom maT mier gamoCenili sifrTxile gzebze moZraobisas sxva adamianis sicocxlis garanti iqneba.

TaTa qeSikaSvili

umZimes pirobebSi mcxovrebi devnilebi soxumis dacemidan 25 weli gavida. 25 welia, devnilebs saxelmwifo gansaxlebis problemis mogvarebas hpirdeba, თუმცა dRes maTi mTavari problema isev gansaxlebaa. mZime pirobebSi mcxovrebi devnilebis ricxvi sul ufro izrdeba. kriteriumebi, romlebic devnilma ojaxebma unda daakmayofilon binis misaRebad, sakmaod vrcelia da isini gawerilia saqarTvelos okupirebuli terito-

riebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa,gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa ministris 2013 wlis 9 agvistos brZanebiT. magaliTad: Tu devnili ojaxi cxovrobs avtofarexSi, kibis ujredSi, xis furcelSi, an misi sacxovrebeli adgili kerZo pirs ekuTvnis, mesakuTres ki devnilTan obieqtis gamoTavisufleba sWirdeba. garda amisa, upiratesoba eniWebaT ojaxebs, sadac cxovrobs 3 an meti 18 welze mcire asakis adamiani, mZimed daavadebuli ojaxis wevri da sxva. bevri devnilis sacxovrebel adgils wlidan wlamde Weri da iataki uziandeba, isini sicocxlisTvis saxifaTo pirobebSi imyofebian, razec aravin reagirebs. samToqimiis SenobaSi mcxovrebi devnilebi or SenobaSi arian ganawilebulebi, orive maTgani avariulia, Tumca arc maTi reabilitacia mimdinareobs da, arc axali binebi gadaecemaT macxovreblebs. es korpusebi, SeiZleba iTqvas, katastroful mdgomareobaSia. yovel dRe iSleba kedlebi da mouwesrigebelia wylis sistemac, oTaxebSi mudmivad Camodis wyali Weridan. antisanitariuli mdgomareobis gamo SenobaSi mcxovreblebi xSirad iwamlebian. evropuli saqarTvelos deputati elene xoStaria ambobs, rom am tempiT,Bdevnilebis sacxovrisiT dakmayofilebas 30 weliBmainc dasWirdeba. BiZulebiT gadadgilebul pirTa kompaqturad Casasaxlebeli obieqtebis sareabilitaciod da saxlebis asaSeneblad, garkveuli Tanxa yovelwliurad gamoiyofa, Tumca es ar aris sakmarisi. statistikuri monacemebis mixedviT, weliwadSi mxolod 2000-mde devnili ojaxi kmayofildeba, rodesac saqarTveloSi 88 704 devnilia da umravlesoba umZimes pirobebSi cxovrobs. maTi

saxlebis mSenebloba-reabilitaciaze yvelaze meti Tanxa 2016 wels daixarja. „teritoriuli mTlianobis aRdgena da devnilTa mdgomareobis gaumjobeseba winasaarCevno maraTonis mTavari laitmotivia. sinamdvileSi, galaktioniseuli „gamarjoba afxazeTo, Seni, lurjo mTebo, TeTro sanatoria“,B sadRegrZelo rom kargi leqsiT unda davasruloT, mxolod im kanonzomierebis dasacavad axsendebaT“, -acxadebs devnilTa sakiTxebis departamentis ufrosi, murad abloTia.B gagridan devnili 47 wlis nana gabeSia eqvsi welia gldanSi, e.w. konteinerSi cxovrobs. TiTqmis ori welia, devnilTa da gansaxlebis saministroSi binis miRebis TxovniT gancxadeba Seavso, magram binas am dromde uSedegod elis. devnilTa sakiTxebis Semswavlelma komisiam misi sacxovrebeli pirobebi 8,5 quliT Seafasa. is aravis aRar mimarTavs, radgan Tvlis, rom simarTles mainc ver i povis. lias msgavsad, binis miRebis moTxovniT gancxadeba kidev aTasobiT devnilma ojaxma Seavso. saqarTvelos okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa saministrom gorSi, 8 axalaSenebul korpusSi, 445 devnil ojaxs sacxovrebeli farTi gadasca. amis Semdeg, Sida qarTlis regionSi devnilTa gansaxlebis mwvave problema gadaiWra. baTumSi bina- 164 devnil ojaxs, 2018 wlis bolomde gadaecema. Tbilisis zRvaze, e.w. „olimpiur sofelSi“ binas kidev 159 maTgani miiRebs. bolo wlebis ganmavlobaSi, mTavrobam sacxovrebeli farTi devnil ojaxebs sakuTrebaSi gadasca da es procesi grZeldeba. Tum-

ca, es mxolod mcire nawilia. devnilTa umravlesobis problemebi dResac ukiduresad mwvaved dgas, radgan wlebis ganmavlobaSi ar arsebobda iZulebiT gadaadgilebul pirTa problemebis mogvarebis politikuri neba da saxelmwifo strategia. saministrosTvis erT-erTi prioriteti, ngrevad da sicocxlisTvis, an janmrTelobisTvis momatebuli safrTxis Semcvel obieqtebSi mcxovreb devnilTa gansaxleba, an Senobebis reabilitacia unda iyos.

salome xaJomia

7


sazogadoeba

mdgradi turizmi ganviTarebisTvis turizmi Tanamedrove samyaros ganuyofeli nawilia. is warmoadgens ekonomikis erT-erT maRalSemosavlian da umsxviles dargs. turizmi gulisxmobs dasvenebis, saqmiani an raime sxva mizniT adamianis Cveuli sacxovrebeli adgilisagan gansxvavebul garemoSi gamgzavrebas. misi 300-mde saxeoba arsebobs. saqarTvelosTvis turizmi mniSvnelovan Semosavlis wyaros warmoadgens da qarTuli ekonomikis ganuyofel komponentad gvevlineba

turizmi saqarTveloSi masobrivi saerTaSoriso turizmi XX saukunis meore naxevridan, xolo saqarTveloSi 21-e saukunidan iwyeba. msoflio turizmis organizaciis (UNWTO) monacemebiT saqarTvelom gasul wels turizmidan 2.7 miliardi dolaris Semosavali miiRo, rac sakmaod maRali maCvenebelia. saqarTvelo erT-erT yvelaze swrafad mzard turistul adgilad aRiqmeba. turizmis erovnuli administraciis monacemebiT, 2018 wlis ianvar-seqtembris periodSi saqarTvelos 5.8 mln saerTaSoriso mogzauri ewvia, aqedan turistuli vizitiT imyofeboda 3.8 mln adamiani. wina wlis analogiur periodTan SedarebiT zrda 17.7 %-s Seadgens. potenciali saqarTvelos turizmis ganviTarebisTvis didi potenciali aqvs. teritoriis simciris miuxedavad, aq SexvdebiT, rogorc samTo da sazRvao,

aseve balneologiur kurortebsac. Cveni qveynis TiTqmis yvela regioni gamoirCeva msoflio mniSvnelobis mqone kulturuli Tu istoriuli Zeglebis mravalferovnebiT, romelTagan 4 iuneskos msoflio mniSvnelobis ZeglTa siaSic aris Sesuli. malxaz svaniZe, romelic wlebia am sferoSi moRvaweobs da sakuTari sastumro aqvs TbilisSi, aRniSnavs:‘’Cvens sastumros wlis yvela sezonze stumroben ucxoeli vizitorebi, romlebsac erTnairad ainteresebT, rogorc saqarTvelos buneba, ise kulturuli Tu istoriuli Zeglebi. Cven yvelanairad vcdilobT sxvadasxva turis SeTavazebas misaReb fasad, raTa maqsimalurad vaCvenoT Cveni qveynis RirsSesaniSnaobebi. Tamamad SemiZlia vTqva, rom saqarTvelodan Tavis samSobloSi yvela waruSleli STabeWdilebiT brundeba”. saqarTveloSi sezonis mixedviT icvleba turistebis savizito adgilebi. zafxulSi Tu yvelaze met saerTaSoriso mogzaurs baTumSi SexvdebiT, Semodgomaze yuradRebis centrSi kaxeTi eqceva, zamTarSi ki - saTxilamuro kurortebi. problemebi saqarTveloSi jer kidev arsebobs turizmis iseTi auTvisebeli sferoebi, romlebsac didi ekonomikuri sargeblis motana SeuZlia qveynisTvis. maT Sorisaa e.w saTamaSo turizmic, romlis mimarTac mosaxleoba yovelTvis negatiurad aris ganwyobili, Tumca misi ganviTareba avtomaturad gamoiwvevs axal investiciebs, samuSao adgilebsa da ucxouri valutis Semodinebas.

quCis cxovreba _ mozardebis gadawyvetileba Tu Zaladoba dResdReobiT quCaSi xelgawvdili mozardis an zewrebSi gaxveuli axalSobiliT mdgari gogonebis danaxva Cveulebrivi movlenaa. isini gvTxoven, rom davexmaroT an, ubralod, yvavilebi SeviZinoT. xSir SemTxvevaSi am bavSvebs arc piradobis damadasturebeli dokumenti aqvT da, Sesabamisad, arc ganaTlebasa da jandacvaze miuwvdebaT xeli. maT, ganurCevlad asakisa, yvelgan vxvdebiT. maT erTi saerTo aqvT _ isini bavSvebi arian da maTi qceva, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom gauazrebelia. gadavwyviteT, zogierT maTgans piradad gavsaubrebodiT, ramdenime sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgili movinaxuleT da maleve aRmovaCineT 16 wlis mozardi gasayidi vardebiT xelSi, romelmac gviTxra, rom didi xania, rac am saqmes mohkida xeli da Tavs damoukideblad irCens. is miiCnevs, rom cxovrebisgan gariyulia da RamiT bunkerSi sZinavs, Tumca, rogorc Tavad ambobs, es bevrad ukeTesia misTvis. qalaqSi Ramis cxovreba da bavSvTa cxovreba erTad iwyeba. roca kafe-barebi momxmareblebiT ivseba, bavSvebi cdiloben garTobis moyvarulebs yvavilebi mihyidon, ar aqvs mniSvneloba amindsa da temperaturas. isini mudmivad arian iq, saidanac xmamaRali musikis xma ismis. male Ramis quCebSic SevniSneT pirSi ,,matyuariT’’ mdgari erTi mcirewlovani bavSvi, romelmac kiTxvaze, Tu ramdeni wlis iyo, xuTi TiTi gvaCvena da SemogvTavaza misi yvavilebi gveyida erT larad. masTan axlos myof mSoblebTan gasaubrebis mcdeloba ki arc ise warmatebuli aRmoCnda, radgan kiTxvam, Tu ratom arian bavSvebi dasaqmebuli da ramdenad samarTliania es qmedeba, maTi gaRizianeba gamoiwvia: „roca minda, maSin gamoviyvan da roca minda, maSin Seviyvan saxlSi Cems Svils, ra aris usamarTloba? bavSvi rom rames yidis usamarTlobaa? dedamisTan rom iyos ar

8

saqarTveloSi saqstatis 2017 wlis monacemebiT, 1595 sastumroa registrirebuli, Tumca realur problemas warmoadgens am sastumroebis fasi da momsaxurebis done, romlebic erTmaneTTan SeusabamobaSia. naTia laferaSvili, romelic erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi muSaobda Tbilisis erT-erT prestiJul sastumroSi, ixsenebs, rom am sastumros imiji da fasebi realobas ar Seesabameboda: “sastumro, sadac vimuSave, mudmivad savsea turistebiT da sakmaod kargi imijiTac sargeblobs mosaxleobaSi. realurad ki fasebi imdenad maRalia, rom stumrebi xSirad gamoTqvamdnen ukmayofilebas, rac Seexeba momsaxurebas, Tamamad SemiZlia vTqva, rom Cemi iq muSaobis periodSi isic ar iyo fasebis Sesabamisi”. meore mxriv, turistebi saqarTveloSi arsebuli saojaxo sastumroebis xSiri stumrebi arian da momsaxurebiT mudam kmayofilebi

E

elena goloSvili

dodo fofxaZe

sinaTle gvirabis bolos

52 welia, rac dedaqlaqSi dilis 06:00 saaTidan 00:00 saaTamde xmauria, misi guli ki mxolod da mxolod 360 wuTi isvenebs dRe-Ramis ganamvlobaSi. metros mTavari daniSnuleba mgzavrTa transportirebaa mis 23 sadgurs Soris. metropoliteni dRis ganmavlobaSi milionobiT mgzavris usafrTxod gadayvanas uzrunvelyofs.

SeiZleba?“ miuxedavad imisa, rom Ramis 12 saaTia mSobeli fiqrobs, rom misi uflebaa, sad da rogor eyoleba sami arasrulwlovani bavSvi. erTerT arasrulwlovan gogonasTan saubrisas ki aRmovaCineT, rom is kategoriulad winaaRmdegi iyo skolaSi siarulisa, radgan, misi TqmiT, werac icis da kiTxvac, xolo kiTxvaze, Tu romeli wigni moswonda yvelaze metad, pasuxi iyo vaJa-fSavela. metro is sazogadoebrivi transportia, sadac mowyalebis mTxovnel arasrulwlovnTa garda vxvdebiT dedebsac, romlebic bavSvebs, faqtobrivad, miwis qveS zrdian, amitom erTerT maTgansac gavesaubreT. -ar gicdiaT, rom sxva samsaxuri gepovaT? -xo, magram patara myavs, vis davutovo, marto ZiZa ra Rirs, aba, ikiTxe. -dRis centrebSi rom iaroT da sakvebi iq miiRoT? -da mere saxlis qiras vin gadaixdis? -Tqveni meuRle dasaqmebulia? -xatebs yidis. relsebidan relsebze, vagonidan vagonSi da quCidan quCaze... am gzas bavSvebi ar irCeven, iseve, rogorc mSoblebs ar irCeven dabadebisas. maTi cxovreba ase daiwyo, Tumca, Tuki, maT arCevanis saSualebas mivcemT, SesaZloa, yvelaferi sxvagvarad gagrZeldes.

rCebian, rasac ganapirobebs adekvaturi fasebi da maspinZlis stumarTmoyvareoba. turistebis TvaliT danaxuli saqarTvelo yovelTvis mniSvnelovania is, Tu ra emociebiTa da ganwyobiT toveben mogzaurebi saqarTvelos. SeuZlebelia yvelas azri moismino da gaigo, Tumca maT magivrad fotoebi saubroben. swored amitom, saqarTvelos turizmis erovnulma administraciam Windfor’s-Tan erTad Seqma xelovnuri inteleqti, romelsac socialur mediaSi adamianuri emociebis aRmoCena SeuZlia. mogzaurebis postebis safuZvelze Seiqmna zusti gzamkvlevi, romelic 7 milionze meti turistis emociebs aerTianebs. xelmisawvdomia gzamkvlevis rogorc beWduri, aseve cifruli versiac.

,,metro rom ara, albaT, yoveldRe kviraSi 24 saaTi sacobSi vidgebodiT da saxlSi misvlas ver movaxerxebdiT. Tbilisi imdenad gadaitvirTa manqanebiT, rom metros arseboba aucilebeli da dasafasebelia. Tumca, rasakvirvelia misi funqcionireba, rogorc TbilisSi arsebuli sxva sazogadoebrivi trasnportis msgvsad ver aris srulfasovnad gamarTuli. Zveli matareblebi, Zveli infrastruqtura da gadaWedili vagonebi maqsimalur komforts namdvilad ar qmnis. mgazvrobis fass rac Seexeba, normaluria, amaze meti arc unda Rirdes, miuxedavad imisa, rom evropaSi yvelaze dabal fasad vmgzavrobT.” – mgzavri, Tamar edilaSvili (metrosadguri “gociriZe”). Tbilisi qaosuria maSin, roca metros memanqaneebi ar muSaoben. msgavsi SemTxveva 2018 wlis 4 ivniss iyo, roca depo gldanis teritoriaze metros yvela memanqane gaifica. isini sami dRis ganmavlobaSi apro-

testebdnen dabal anazRaurebas da uvado gaficvis mcdeloba hqondaT. metropelitenis TamnaSromlebi Tbilisis meriasTan ver Tanxmdebodnen. Tbilisis mTavroba saaTobriv anazRaurebas ver axerxebda. qalaqis merTan, kaxi kalaZesTan maTi ori Sexvedra uSedegod dasrulda, memanqaneebi werilobiT xelSekrulebas iTxvdnen, imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom 2019 wlidan maTi xelfasi gaizrdeba. am faqtma Tbiliselebs naTlad daanaxa, rom metropelitenis gaCereba da misi ufunqciod yofna did problemas qmnis milion macxovreblian qalaqSi. memanqane ramaz cincaZem gancxada, rom 240 memanqane erTad iRebs am gadawyvetilebas. maRviZaram dareka, dilis 05:00 saaTia. icis, rom erT saaTSi samsaxureobrivi movaleobis Sesruleba unda daiwyos. samsaxurSi misuli amowmebs Tu ramdenad usafrTxoa metros vagoni, masze xom milionobiT adamianis usafrTxo mgzavrobaa damokidebuli. yvelaferi rigzea. vagoni daiZra, axmaurda miwisqveSa Tbilisi. sadgurebi xalxiT gadaitvirTa. baqanTan mdgomT niavi, romelic ufro da ufro Zlierdeba da masTan erTad sinaTle, romelic sadRac gvirabis bolodan mosCans, mgzavrebs atyobinebs, rom matarebeli axlovdeba... signalis xmaa, vagoni sadgurSi Semovida, signali erTgvari gamafrTxilebeli niSania, rom xalxi baqans moSordes. vagoni gaCerda, gaixsna kari da carieli vagoni uceb Seivso. ase grZeldeba bolo gaCerebamde, manam sanam saaTi 12-s Camohkravs da dacarielebuli vagoni isev bnel gvirabSi dabrundeba. dRis ganmavlobaSi yvelaze daRlili ki isev dilis 5 saaTidan momuSave memanqanea, romelic mTeli dRe adamianebs emsaxureba da sinaTlis naklebobas yvelaze metad ganicdis...

veriko tabataZe


sazogadoeba

bunebrivi katastrofebi anadgureben yvelafers, imedis garda ,,mTa wamovida, gora, xe-tye, movida Cvens saxlebTan da stiqiis Sedegad gadagvasaxles Suaxevidan samegreloSi-WaqvinSi. 80-iani wlebidan aq vcxovrob. aqauroba ver Seedreba aWaras, aq sasmel wyals veZebT, ufro gviWirs, TxiliTa da mandariniT virCenT Tavs, zogic vaWrobiT. aWarlebis dasaxleba hqvia am adgils da 8 ojaxi varT iqedan. iqauroba gvenatreba, sasaflaoebi davtoveT, naTesavebi, kargi buneba da kargi saxlebi” - nino ebraliZe, aWareli ekomigranti Suaxevis raion sofel Subnidan. aWaris maRalmTiani soflebidan ekomigrtebis gegmiurma Casaxlebam TiTqmis mTeli saqarTvelo moicva. dasavleT saqarTveloSi mravlad SevxdebiT soflebs, sadac ori aTeuli welia binadroben isini. ekomigrantebis garkveuli nawili ukan dabrunda, nawilma ki iq gaagrZela cxovreba, sadac Tavidanve gadaasaxles. ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis saministroSi ganmartaven, rom aqamde ar iyo cnobili, ramdeni ekomigranti iyo qveynis masStabiT, an ramdeni adamiani saWiroebda daxmarebas. 2006 wels saministrom am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT informaciis Segroveba daiwyo. Seiqmna sainformacio banki, sadac mopovebul cnobebs mouyares Tavi. stiqiiT dazaralebulTa saerTo raodenobam 31 aTas 341 ojaxi Seadgina.

„aq marto finansebis problema ki ar aris, problemisadmi kompleqsuri midgomaa saWiro. 31 aTasi ojaxidan 28 aTasi materialur daxmarebas iTxovs. es cota rTulad sakvlevi Temaa. zogs imitom ar surs gadasaxleba, rom am RonisZiebas eWvis TvaliT uyurebs. konkretul adgils da saxls Tu SesTavazeben, SeiZleba wavidnen kidec“, - naTqvamia ltolvilTa sakiTxebis departamentis ufrosis, zaza imedaSvilis gancxadebaSi. 2016 wels ltolvilTa da gansaxlebis saministros ekomigrantTa sakiTxebis departamentis ufrosis, konstantine razmaZis informaciiT, saqarTvelos masStabiT stiqiiT dazaralebuli, gadaadgilebas daqvemdebarebuli ojaxebis ricxvi 9 000-s Seadgens. saqarTvelos okupirebuli teritoriebidan iZulebiT

gadaadgilebul pirTa, gansaxlebisa da ltolvilTa saministros veb-gverdze dRes arsebuli informaciiT, ekomigranti ojaxebis raodenoba 5285-s Seadgens. yvelaze meti dazaralebuli aRiricxeba aWaris avtonomiur respublikaSi - 2078, meore adgilzea samegrelo-zemo svaneTi - 865, mas mosdevs raWa-leCxum-qvemo svaneTi - 673, guriaSi - 636, imereTSi - 589 ojaxi da a.S. ekomigrantTa yvelaze mcire raodenoba samcxe-javaxeTsa da TbilisSi aRiricxeba. saministros 2013 wlis 13 noemberis brZanebiT, garkveuli prioritetiT sargebloben is ekomigrantebi, romlebic sicocxlisa da janmrTelobisaTvis momatebuli safrTxis Semcvel SenobaSi an bunebrivi an anTropogenuri katastrofebis da riskis Semcvel zonaSi cxovroben. amgvari garemos

mdgomareoba unda dasturdebodes saqarTvelos garemosa da bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministros Sesabamisi dawesebulebis daskvniT, xolo ngrevadi da sicocxlisaTvis an janmrTelobisaTvis mometebuli safrTxis Semcvel Senobis mdgomareoba – Sesabamisi saeqsperto daskvniT. brZanebaSi aseve miTiTebulia forma, romliTac adamians SeuZlia ganacxados sacxovrebeli saxlis miRebis Taobaze. dedofliswyaros meri, nikoloz janiaSvili ambobs, rom aWareli ekomigrantebis integrirebam adgilobriv, kaxel mosaxleobasTan kargad Caiara. isini monwileoben sxvadasxva proeqtebSi da mcire bizness awarmoeben, riTic Semosavals iReben da kmayofilebi arian. „baTumelebis“ cnobiT, stiqiis Sedegad dazaralebuli ojaxebis sabinao pirobebis uzrunvelyofis xelSewyobis programis farglebSi, xulos munici palitetSi, sofel vaSlovanSi, baTumi-axalcixis centraluri saavtomobilo gzis mimdebared, 72-biniani socialuri saxlis mSenebloba 2014 wels daiwyo. mSeneblobisTvis 4 milioni lari aWaris adgilobrivi biujetidan gamoiyo da tenderi aWaris ekonomikis saministrom gamoacxada, magram socialuri saxlis mSenebloba 2015 wels Sewyda da mas Semdeg ar ganaxlebula. 2004-2011 wlebSi saxelmwifos mier saqarTvelos sxvadasxva regionSi ekomigrantTa 1,064

ojaxi iqna gansaxlebuli. 20102014 wlebSi ekomigrantebis gansaxlebisaTvis daaxloebiT 1,6 milion lari gamoiyo 86 sacxovrebeli binis SesaZenad. xulos munici palitetis sofel vaSlovanSi dRemde rCeba aTeulobiT ojaxi, romlebic mewyersaSiS zonaSi cxovroben. 2016 wlis evropisTvis Seqmnili kvlevis angariSSi gvxdeba ojaxi, romelic gadasaxlebuli ojaxis saxlSi cxovrobs, is dangrevis pirasaa. kiTxvaze, eSiniaT Tu ara aq cxovreba, respondenti gvpasuxobs: -„ saSiSia, rogor ara, magram Tavs zeviT Zala rom ar gvaqvs? sxva gamosavals ver vxedavT, da mainc raRacas vebrZviT, rom mamapapiseuli miwa-wyali SevinarCunoT...”. ekomigraciis procesis warmatebulad warmarTvisTvis, mTeli rigi socialuri da ekonomikuri aspeqtebi unda iyos gaTvaliswinebuli, vinaidan ekomigracia kompleqsuri procesia. saxelmwifo rig RonisZiebebs axorcielebs am problemis aRmosafxvrelad. yovelwliurad izrdeba ekologiuri katastrofebiT dazaralebuli xalxisTvis gamoyofili dafinanseba da biujetidan ufro meti Tanxa gamoiyofa maTTvis, radgan saxelmwifo valdebulia izrunos ekomigrantebze da maT problemebze.

ilia megreliZe

surogacia da donacia – problema Tu gamosavali Cvens saukuneSi yvelaferi Zalian swrafad viTardeba, TiTqmis yvela survili da moTxovnileba xelmisawvdomi da xelSesaxebi xdeba, swored aseTi sakiTxia surogacia da donaciac, romelic bolo periodSi aqtualur da xelmisawvdom saSualebad iqca wyvilebs Soris. surogacia iTvaliswinebs qalis saSvilosnos gamoyenebas embrionis ganviTarebisaTvis, mucliT tarebasa da bavSvis gaCenas. surogati deda aris qali, romlis saSvilosnoSic gadaaqvT sxva qalis kvercxujredisgan miRebuli embrioni da Sesabamisad, surogati deda ar aris biologiurad dakavSirebuli bavSvTan. donaciis dros stimulatorebiT xdeba saSualod 10-15 kercxujredis momwifeba da amoReba. amrigad, kvercxujredis donacia ar niSnavs sakvercxis donacias. donacia sWirdebaT qalebs, romelTa organizmSic folekulebis momwifeba ar xdeba, isini sxvisi sxeulidan iReben kvercxujredebs, anayofiereben da gadaaqvT sinjaraSi, miRebuli embrionidan saukeTeso ki uSvilo qalis saSvilosnoSi, aseTi SemTxvevis Semdeg aTidan daaxloebiT sami orsuloba dgeba. yvela adamiani individia da radgan Cven daswavlilad viciT, rom Svilebi Cveni cxovrebis gagrZelebaa, amisken miviswrafviT kidec. samyaroSi mcxovrebi umetesi adamiani miiCnevs, rom arsebobs erTaderTi movlena,

romelic unda gamoscado da es Svilis yolaa. yvela adamianis movaleoba ar aris Svili yavdes, gansakuTrebiT maSin, rodesac Svili inversticiad migaCnia, radgan marto ar darCe sibereSi. aravin aravis winaSe valdebuli ar aris, yvela adamianma sakuTari sicocxle Tavad daiwyo da Tavadve unda daamTavros. rogorc cnobilia, yvelafers erTi mxare arasdros aqvs da sxvaze zrunva, gansakuTrebiT Svilze SeiZleba ise gavsebdes, rom samyaroSi sxva veraferi moi povo amis fasi, swored iseTi mSoblebisTvis, romlebic Tvlian, rom Svilis yola cxovrebis azri da aucilebeli pirobaa, Tumca maT janmrTelobis problemebis gamo es ar SeuZliaT, arsebobs surogacia da donacia. ar arsebobs sazomi, romelic „sworias“ gansazRvravs, erTaderTi sazomi Cveni individualuri mentalitetia, Tu am individualuri azridan ar amovvardebi, vityvi, rom yvela adamiani imsaxurebs Seexos imas, rac samyaros yvela wertilad uRirs. daviwyeb im patara aspeqtebiT, romelic mTlianad am did sistemas sabolood Seadgens da ganvixilav sinamdvileSi rasTan gvaqvs saqme. upirvelesad, minda aRvniSno, rom samyaroSi Zalian cota adamiani arsebobs iseTi altruisti, romelic mzadaa viRacis bednierebisTvis sakuTari janmrTelobis nawili gaiRos da gansakuTrebiT iseT qveyanaSi, romelic saqarTveloa. saqarTveloSi 40%-ze meti qali ekonomikurad araaqtiuria, amasTan, dasaqmebuli qalebi kacebTan SedarebiT 35%-iT nakleb xelfass

iReben. ekonomikuri krizis gamo saqarTveloSi maRalanazRaurebadi samsaxuris povna Zalian rTulia, qalTa saSualo xelfasi Tu daaxloebiT 400-500 laria, gamodis, rom maTTvis donaciisa da surogaciis gakeTeba optimaluri Semosavalia. aqve aRvniSnav, rom surogaciis maqsimaluri asaki 37 weli, xolo donaciis 2829 welia, rac imas gulisxmobs, rom nebismier adamians, romelic srulwlovania da akmayofilebs Sesabamis pirobebs , vgulisxmob imas, rom ar aqvs janmrTelobis problemebi da misi kvercxujredebis momwifeba yovelTviurad saSualo donisaa, SeuZlia gaikeTos donacia. me vfiqrob, rom 18 wlis asakSi donaciis gakeTeba janmrTelobisTvis mizanSewonili ar aris swored 18 wlis asakSi gaikeTes pirveli donacia m.j

da a.g-m , isini universitetis pirveli kursis studentebi iyvnen, rogorc a.g ambobs, pirvelad internetis saSualebiT Seityo donaciis Sesaxeb, mas uTxres, rom procedura sruliad usafrTxo iyo, procedura marTlac usafrTxo gamodga, magram a.g-s rogorc Cans mkerdSi arsebuli wamonazardebi hqonda, romelic stimulaciebis (igulisxmeba nemsebi, romelic folekulebis raodenobas zrdis mis amoRebamde) Semdeg ufro gaizarda da amoRebis Semdgom ramdenime TveSi mas mkerdSi arsebuli kvanZebis amoWra mouxda. m.j-s SemTxvevaSi yvelaferi kargad dasrulda, rogorc is ambobs, Tavdapirvelad 12 folekulidan 6 amouRes, danarCeni ki dautoves, pirveli donaciis Semdeg meored m.j tailandSi wavida donaciisTvis, stimulaciebis Semdeg mas 22 folekula hqonda, rac Zalian didi raodenobaa, radgan saSualod qalis folekula 5-6-ia,Tumca , rogorc is ambobs, yvelaferi kargad dasrulda da aranairi pretenzia ar hqonia folekulebis raodenobasTan dakavSirebiT. saqarTveloSi pirveli donaciis Tanxa 1000 dolaria, meore SemTxvevaSi 1500, xolo ucxoeTSi gayolis SemTxvevaSi Tanxa 2500 dolars Seadgens, rac dameTanxmebiT, nebismieri asakis adamianisTvis sakmaod did Tanxas warmoadgens. orive gogona acxadebs, rom donaciis motivi Tanxis aReba iyo. gamomdinare aqedan, SegviZlia vTqvaT, rom altruizmi am sferoSi Tavis moCvenebis gzaa. arsebobs gagrZeleba ix. me-10 gverdze

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sazogadoeba dasawyisi is. me-9 gverdze

surogacia da donacia – problema Tu gamosavali

SemTxvevebi, rodesac dedebs sakuTari Svilebis gamokveba ar SeuZliaT da swored amitom Tanxmdebian surogaciis gzas, aqve aRvniSnav,rom surogaciisTvis umetesad minimum erTi Svilis yola aucilebelia. kidev erTi „dafaruli“ problema, arc erT statiaSi, kvlevasa Tu interviuSi ar aris aRniSnuli, rom donaciamde miRbuli kvercxujredis stimulatori nemsebi seriozul zians ayeneben Tirkmelebs da iwvevs seriozul daavadebebs, amasTan, nebismieri kvanZovani warmonaqmni, iqneba es yelisa Tu mkerdis areSi, izrdeba am nemsebis miRebis Semdeg da SeiZleba sicocxlisTvis safrTxis Semcveli iyos, am da sxva saSiSroebebze eqimebis umetesoba ar saubrobs da rac yvelaze mniSvnelovania, yvela saitze weren, rom procedura sruliad usafrTxoa. arc erTi qirurgiuli Careva ar iZleva srul garants, gansakuTrebiT is, romelic bevr faqtorzea damokidebuli, swored amitom, eqimebisa da saagentoebis damokidebuleba arasamarTliania. Cvens realobaSi arsebobs praqtika, rodesac ojaxis keTildReoba, socialuri Tu pirovnuli zewolis gamo damokidebulia ar mxolod bavSvis yolaze, aramed mis sqeszes, unda aRiniSnos, gaeros mosaxleobis fondis warmomadgenlobis UNFPA-is is mxardaWeriT, saqarTveloSi genderuli niSniT sqesis SerCevasTan dakavSirebiT pirvelad Caatara kvleva „genderuli niSniT sqesis SerCeva saqarTveloSi“ kvlevam cxadyo, rom sistemuri kvlevis Tanaxmad, 90-iani wlebidan moyolebuli 2010 wlamde , saqarTveloSi SerCeviTi abortis gamo, 25 aTasi gogoa „gamqrali“ , maCvenebeli sagangaSoa da ra Tqma unda ar dasrulebula gogonebis „gaqrobis“ sakiTxi, Tumca mas Semdeg rac „janmrTelobis dacvis Sesaxeb“ saqarTvelos kanonSi

cvlilebebi Sevida, seleqciuri abortebi namdvilad Semcirda, am kanonis meore muxliT ganisazRvra abortis gakeTebis maqsimaluri vada, romelic 12 kviras Seadgens, es periodi ki xSirad arasakmarisia sqesis dasadgenad, an eqimebi gangeb ar agebineben mSoblebs sqess. rogorc xedavT, arsebobs sazogadoebis nawili, romelic yvelafers akeTebs imisaTvis, rom Svili yavdeT da arsebobs nawili, romelic yvelafers akeTebs bavSvis mosaSoreblad. am statistikis fonze, me vfiqrob, rom surogaciaca da donaciac dasaSvebi normaa da yvela adamians unda mieces saSualeba, hyavdes sakuTari Svili. patriarqi ilia meore xelovnurad dabadebul bavSvebs „problematurad“ , xolo surogaciis gziT dabadebulebs ki „usiyvarulobisTvis, miusafrobisa da martoobisTvis“ ganwirulad moixseniebs. rac ar unda Tqvas eklesiam, religiam da misma mimdevrebma, adamianis yvelaze mTavari amosavali wertili, is, ris gamoc vcxovrobT da is, ris gamoc SeiZleba sikvdili, bednierebaa, Sesabamisad, arc erT religiasa da mis warmomadgenels ar aqvs kritikis da ganjis ufleba, Tuki RmerTis gwams da gjera, isic unda gjerodes, rom axali bavSvis dabadebis SesaZlebloba ar geqneboda maSin, Tuki RmerTi marTla yvelafers wyvets. gza, romelic am gadawyvetilebamde migiyvans ar mgonia iyos martivi, magram Tu erTxel mainc dafiqrdebi imaze, rom Sen Seni simZimis tareba im ukanasknel wertilamde SegiZlia, romelsac sikvdilis wertili hqvia, unda CaTvalo, rom es tvirTi aRarc gadevs. da maincdamainc, Tu religiamde mivalT, saRvTo werilis Tanaxmad, adamianebs Svili imitom ar uCndebaT, rom codvilebi arian, wyvili SeiZleba iyos „marTali RvTis winaSe“ ,

magram uSvilo. (lukas saxareba 1, 6) . am yvelafris gaTvaliswinebiT, gadaWriT SegviZlia vTvqT, rom Cveni mZime Tu mCate CanTebis patronebi mxolod Cven varT. aucilebelia aRvniSnoT isic, Tu ratom irCeven ucxoeli wyvilebi saqarTvelos surogaciisTvis, pirveli faqtori aris is, rom ganviTarebad qveynebSi surogacia kanoniT ikrZaleba, ase magaliTad : germania, safrangeTi, italia. rogorc cnobilia, pirvelad surogaciis meTodi gamoiyenes inglisSi, 1986 wels, daibada gogona, surogatma dedam uari ganacxada bavSvis gadacemaze, Tumca niu jersis sasamarTlom bavSvis meurveoba mianiWa biologiur mamas, amasTan, surogat dedas mieniWa ufleba monawileoba mieRo bavSvis aRzrdaSi. inglisSi dRemde moqmedebs kanoni, romlis mixedviTac, gaCenis Semdeg surogat dedas aqvs ufleba ar gadasces bavSvi wyvils. garda kanonebisa, fasebi saqarTveloSi da zogadad ganviTarebad qveynebSi bevrad dabalia, magaliTisTvis, Tu

aSS-Si surogacia 100,000 dolari Rirs, saqarTveloSi es fasi Seadgens maqsimum 40,000 lars, saSualod ki 15-dan 20 aTasamde dolars. fasebi mcirediT gansxvavdeba iseTi qveynebisgan, rogoric aris ukraina, tailandi, indoeTi, am qveynebSi surogacia metad anazRaurdeba. daskvnis saxiT vityvi, rom miuxedavad imisa, rom me donaciis momxre var, surogacia cota metad rTul da CaxlarTul procedurad mimaCnia, Tumca, yvela adamians aqvs Tavisufali neba hyavdes Svilebi, izrunos masze da xeli Seuwyos qveynis demografiul mdgomareobas, romelic rogorc cnobilia sagangaSo mdgomareobaSia. swored am da sxva yvela faqtoris gaTvliswinebiT vityvi, rom adamianebma unda icodnen yvelaferi imis Sesaxeb, Tu vin, ratom da ras ukeTebs maT da rac mTavaria, ra Sedegi SeiZleba mohyves am yvelafers. .

mariam vandoro

yvelas xom Taviseburi aRqma aqvs prioritetebisadmi... albaT, yvelas cxovrebaSi yofila raRac gardamtexi periodi, rodesac Tavze yvelaferi erTad geyreba swavla, samsaxuri, ojaxi, piradi cxovreba, megobrebi... bevri ram icvleba da TiTqos axal cxovrebas iwyeb. cdilob, prioritetebis sworad gadanawilebas, xan gamogdis, xanac ara. yovelTvis meubnebodnen da meubnebian kidec, rom asakTan SedarebiT, bevrad gazrdili var. es isev im „kargi“ da „cudi“ adamianebis damsaxurebaa, romlebic Cems garSemomyof sociums warmoadgenen da amdeni xnis ganmavlobaSi maZliereben gverdSi dgomiTac da moraluri ganadgurebiTac. yovelTvis kargad vswavlobdi. skolaSi, pirvelive klasidan, yvela maswavleblis usayvarlesi moswavle viyavi mSvidi, mowesrigebuli, gakveTilebze aqtiuri, megobruli, mokled, samagaliTo. Tumca, miuxedavad imisa, rom amden Sromas vdebdi sakuTari Tavis ganviTarebaSi, amas didad aravin mifasebda, ZiriTadad klaselebs vgulisxmob. mqonda bedniereba imisa, rom bebia Cems skolaSi aswavlida. Tqveni azriT, ra trialebda Cemi Tanaklaselebis gonebaSi? ra Tqma unda, Tqven ar SecdiT: „ bebiamisis gamo qulebs ise uxataven!“ . yvelaze sawyeni ki is iyo, rom marTlac Zalian bevrs vSromobdi, idealurad bevri ram ar gamomdioda, Tumca maswavleblebic xedavdnen, rogori Sromismoyvare viyavi da amas mifasebdnen kidec, is

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ki danamdvilebiT vici, rom skolaSi Cemze kargi moswavle arcerT klass ar hyavda. erT dResac mivxvdi, rom me da Cemi klaselebi acdenili viyaviT gonebrivi SesaZleblobebiT, sakuTari davafase, mivxvdi ra iyo metad prioritetuli, Cavabare saqarTveloSi #1 universitetSi da uzarmazari motivaciiTa da ambiciebiT Sevudeqi Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi swavlas. es aRfrTovanebac nel-nela miiqarwyla da daRlilobaSi gadaizarda, Tumca erT adgilas ar vCerdebodi, vcdilobdi, sakuTari Tavi kidev ufro ganmeviTarebina. xan telekompania ,,imedSi’’ viyavi staJirebaze, xan ,,palitraSi’’ vmuSaobdi, xan ubralod vTarjimnobdi, maswavleblobac ki movirge, Tumca am yvelafers naxevari ganakveTiT vaxerxebdi da didad anazRaurebiTac ver davikvexnidi. mokled, ufaso muSa. erT dResac mivxvdi, rom mxolod swavliT cxovrebas ver aviwyobdi da raRac meti unda mekeTebina. zogadad yovelTvis mgonia, rom raRac metis keTeba SemiZlia, vidre im konkretul momentSi vakeTeb, energiisgan romc viclebode, mainc. avcdi profesias da gadavwyvite saerTod sxva sferoSi memuSava. da yvelaze saintereso da cota sasaciloc iciT ra aris? Zalian momwons is, rasac axla vakeTeb. am SemTxvevaSi prioritetebi TavisiT gadanawilda, samsaxuri gaxda Cemi mTavari samizne da motivacia. kidev ufro saintereso aris is, rom mSoblebma damafases. albaT, yvela

mSobels aqvs damokidebuleba, rom misi Svili jer kidev pataraa da damoukidebeli ver iqneba. piradad Cemi mSoblebi Zalian mzRudavdnen, amosunTqvis saSualebas ar maZlevdnen (albaT, yvela Svils ase eCveneba). axla ki, datvirTuli grafikisda miuxedavad, vgrZnob, rom gavizarde da Tavisufali var. dRes prioritetebs Soris meore adgilze swavlaa, viRac gamamtyunebs, viRac gamigebs kidec. mamaCemi iyo pirveli adamiani, romelmac momaZaxa: „xo ar gagiJdi? swavlas ras uSvrebi?“. magram merwmuneT, megobrebo, es ase ar aris. Tu Tqven grZnobT, rom sakuTari ganviTarebisTvis raRac gakliaT, cxovrebaSi aucileblad unda SecvaloT raRac.. raRac mniSvnelovani... komfortis zonidan gamosvla - es aris yvelaze mTavari sirTule cxovrebaSi, akeTo is, rac aqamde arasdros gikeTebia, ebrZolo SiSs, rom raRac ar gamogiva. gpirdebiT, Tu moindomebT, aucileblad gamogivaT. universitetSi maqsimalurad vcdilob,

blogi

ar CamovrCe. SeZlebisdagvarad leqciebzec viaro (zogi leqtori giwyobs xels, zogic ara), davalebebs arasdros vtoveb da yvelafers vabareb. samsaxurSi Zalian karg gamocdilebas viReb, uamrav saintereso da mniSvnelovan adamians vecnobi, vizrdebi da ambiciac maqvs, rom sul male davwinaurdebi kidec. megobrebi Cemi sisustea. es isaa, riTic namdvilad vamayob, radgan Zalian cota myavs da Zalian namdvilia es megobroba, maT Cemi esmiT, mgvanan kidec, albaT, magitomac vmegobrobT. ojaxi es marTlac udidesi ganZia, amaze arasdros davfiqrebulvar, magram zustad vici, rom is, rac me axla var, srulad maTi damsaxurebaa, ra Tqma unda, mxolod kargi, radgan cudze, Cemi azriT, kidev sxva garemoebebi moqmedebs. aravin Tqvas, rom cxovrebaSi raRac SeuZlebelia. yvelaferi SesaZlebelia, Tumca prioritetebi, megobrebo! maTi gonivrulad gadanawilebaa mTavari. individualurad, Tumca merwmuneT, mxolod erTi saqmis keTebiT, Tqven sakuTar Tavs ver aRmoaCenT. akeTeT meti, SeiZineT naklebi, SemateT Tqvens cxovrebas meti aRfrTofaneba da ambicia, motivaciac masTan erTad mova. uZilobac aRar mogeCvenebaT damRlelad, Tuki sayvarel saqmes gaakeTebT. asakTan erTad ki, moraluradac gaizrdebiT da gaZlierdebiT. cda bedis monaxevreao!

mariam samxaraZe


sazogadoeba

“Tu SegiZlia Seicvalo - Seicvale, Tu ar SegiZlia Secvla, Seicvale damokidebuleba am sakiTxis mimarT” yvela adamians gaaCnia raime kompleqsi. fsiqologebis ganmartebiT, kompleqsi - es aris naxevrad, an srulad gaucnobierebeli mogoneba iseTi momentisa, romelmac Zlieri fsiqologiuri gavlena moaxdina adamianze, saboloo jamSi ki, sakuTari TaviT, garegnobiT an cxovrebiT ukayofilebis anareklia. kompleqsis sxvadasxva saxeoba arsebobs, romelTagan erT-erTi arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsia. dabali TviTSefaseba – esaa arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi, rac gamoixateba, pirovnebis azriT, garSemomyofTa upiratesobiT masTan mimarTebiT – roca adamians ar sjera sakuTari Zalebis da fiqrobs, rom sxvebs SeuZliaT ufro martivad miaRwion warmatebas. ZiriTadad, kompleqsi warmoiqmneba sxvadasxva sferoSi (piraduli Tu profesiuli) xangrZlivi warumateblobis Sedegad da gavlenas axdens adamianis qcevaze. Temis ufro detalurad Sesaswavlad .mivmarTeT „saqarTvelos fsiqologTa asociaciis“ wevrs, fsiqokonsultant marita merkvilaZes. - ras gulisxmobs arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi? - arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi alfred adleris Semotanili terminia. is aRniSnavs adamianis negatiur gancdas raime naklovanebis gamo. misive TqmiT, arasrulfasovnebis grZnoba yvela adamianSi Tanaarsebobs. - ra simptomebiT xasiaTdeba is? - SfoTva, dabali TviTSefaseba, simorcxve, gaubedaoba, mimikuri da Jestikulaciuri Taviseburebebi. msgavsi simptomebi, SesaZloa, sxvadasxva aSlilobasac axasiaTebdes, amitom calsaxad simptomebiT misi gamovlena da saxeldeba rTulia.

- rogor gamoixateba TviTSefaseba? - TviTSefaseba, rasac Tavad sityvac gvkarnaxobs, gulisxmobs imas, Tu rogor afasebs adamiani sakuTar Tavs. sakuTari Tavis adekvaturad Sefaseba

arc ise martivia - amisTvis mniSvnelovania, pirovnebas sakuTar TavTan kontaqti da dialogi gaaCndes. mniSvnelovania is garemoebac, rom adamiani ar iyos damokidebuli garemo Sefasebebze. TviTSefasebis fenomeni mWidro kavSirSia TviTRirebulebisa da TviTpativiscemis terminebTan. Tuki es bolo ori Tviseba gaaCnia adamians, SeiZleba CaiTvalos, rom mas TviTSefasebac adekvaturi aqvs. - SeiZleba Tu ara, rom dabali TviTSefaseba gamowveuli iyos arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsiT? - SesaZloa - rig SemTxvevebSi, Tumca yvela SemTxvevaSi ar aris aucilebeli, rom ase iyos. magaliTad, Tu adamiani enablua da amis gamo mas arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi awuxebs, es ar niSnavs, rom is sakuTar sxva Tvisebebsa da unarebs arasaTanadod afasebs. -dResdReobiT sakmaod bevri adamiania, romelsac dabal TviTSefasebasTan dakavSirebuli problema aqvs. SesaZlebelia Tu ara, rom sxva adamianma iqonios gavlena Cvens TviTSefasebaze? - ra Tqma unda, SesaZlebelia. asec xdeba yvela adamianis cxovrebaSi. swored garemodan wamosuli frazebi, Sefasebebi, aRniSvnebi Tu SeniSvnebi ayalibeben sakuTari Tavis xats. zogjer es gavlena didia, zogjer – mcire, Tumca gavlena yovelTvis arsebobs. adamianis cxovrebaSi dgeba periodi, rodesac garemodan wamosul am Sefasebebs gadavafasebT da raRacas veTanxmebiT, raRacas ara da vaxdenT sakuTari TviTSefasebis formirebas. formireba ar niSnavs, rom es aRar Seicvleba. garemo zegavlenebs adamiani yovelTvis ganicdis, Tumca mniSvnelovania rom man SeZlos amis gafiltvra da mxolod imis miReba, rac misTvisaa gankuTvnili.

- ra uaryofiTi Sedegebis momtani SeiZleba aRmoCndes, roca adamians dabali TviTSefaseba gaaCnia da, Sesabamisad, ambiciebic naklebad aqvs? - dabali TviTSefasebis dros adamiani iCens uiniciativobas, aqvs waru-

mateblobis SiSi, umoqmedoba. faqtobrivad, es is CamonaTvalia, razec SeiZleba Tamamad iTqvas, rom adamiani Tavisi cxovrebiT ar cxovrobs - is ubralod mihyveba cxovrebis dinebas da Tavad ar aris sakuTari cxovrebis Semoqmedi. - xSirad gvesmis mosazreba imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom Tavdajerebuli, magram bevrad naklebad ganaTlebuli adamianebi ufro mets aRweven, vidre dabali TviTSefasebis, Zalian ganaTlebuli da mSromeli adamianebi. Tqven ramdenad eTanxmebiT am mosazrebas? - Tavdajerebuloba met iniciativas, moqmedebas da win siaruls niSnavs. Tu am logikiT meore ti pologiis adamiani ase ar moiqceva, mas yovelTvis ajobeben iseTebi, vinc win midian, Tundac forTxviT.…☺ - Tqveni azriT, aris Tu ara arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi warmatebis miRwevis erT-erTi xelSemSleli faqtori da SesaZlebelia Tu ara, rom miznisken mimaval gzaze damarcxeba gaxdes mizezi TviTSefasebis vardnisa?

- aris faqtebi, rodesac arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsma ubiZgos rig adamianebs warmatebisken, amitom rTulia warumateblobis mizezad dasaxeldes is. TviTSefasebaze, ra Tqma unda, rogorc ukve aRvniSne, bevri faqtori axdens gavlenas da maT Sorisaa warumatebeli nabijebi. es mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki adamiani garkveul warumateblobas sakuTar Tavs miawers. - arsebobs mosazreba, rom arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsis mqone adamianebs uWirT sakuTari SesaZleblobebis realizeba da, Sesabamisad, maT ufro “CrdilSi uwevT yofna”. rogor fiqrobT, ramdenad Seesabameba es simarTles? - gaaCnia adamians, mis fiqrebsa da damokidebulebas am sakiTxis mimarT. arseboben adamianebi, romelTaTvis arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi mamoZravebeli Zalaa. magaliTad, Tu koWlia pirovneba, SeiZleba iseTi unari ganiviTaros, rom cnobilic ki gaxdes am kuTxiT - vTvaT, oratoruli unari, Tumca koWlobis gamo arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi mainc hqondes. - sabolood, SeiZleba Tu ara maTi daZleva da ra rCevas miscemdiT adamianebs, romlebsac arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi awuxebT da arian dabali TviTSefasebis mqoneni? - fsiqologiaSi arsebobs aseTi midgoma: Tu SegiZlia Seicvalo - Seicvale, Tu ar SegiZlia Secvla, Seicvale damokidebuleba am sakiTxis mimarT. amitom, Tu adamians awuxebs arasrulfasovnebis kompleqsi, sasurvelia gamoirkves, konkretulad ras exeba is, moxdes misi cvlileba da formireba, muSaoba sakuTar Tavze... adamians Tu surs, yvelafris daZlevas SeZlebs, mTavaria survili da mondomeba!

salome meliqiSvili

Savi paraskevi qarTuli interpretaciiT ,,fexzec veRar vdgavarT, sadRa epatiJebiT am xalxs?? kanoniT ikrZaleba amdeni adamianis gadaadgileba”, _ uyviris qeraTmiani qalbatoni yviTeli mikroavtobusis mZRols. mZRoli ukve 10 wuTia uSedegod cdilobs rac SeiZleba meti mgzavri aiyvanos da ar iZvris adgilidan. qalbatonis pretenzias sxvebic uerTdebian, amitom kari ixureba da mikro avtobusi midis. sacobSi 20 wuTiani dgomis Semdeg mivaRwieT daniSnulebis adgils, savaWro da gasarTob patara qalaqs, isT foinTs, romelic kaxeTis gzatkecilze mdebareobs. transportidan gadmosvlis Semdeg, aivliT wiTel kibeebs da pirdapir qalaqis centrSi amoyobT Tavs, romlis Suagulsac Sadrevani amSvenebs, irgvliv ki sxvadasxva brendis maRaziebia. dRes 23

noemberia, noembris Tvis bolo paraskevi, rac imas niSnavs rom Savi paraskevi aRiniSneba, sayovelTao fasdaklebis dRe. Savi paraskevis (Black Friday) tradicia aSS-dan modis, jer kidev me-19 saukuneSi aRiniSneboda rogorc madlierebis dRis meore dRe, roca simbolurad saSobao bazroba ixsneboda. saxeli Savi paraskevi ki quCebSi sacobebisa da rigebis gamo ewoda. davbrundeT isT foinTis centrSi, SuadRis 2 saaTi da 13 wuTia, momsvleli xalxis nakadi ar wydeba, modis yvela, didi, patara, modian ojaxebiT, mravlad arian turistebic. sainteresoa, ra xdeba konkretulad maRaziebSi, erTerT tansacmlis brendul maRaziasTan SevCerdi, vfiqrobdi, Rirda, Tu ara Sesvla, vitrinebs iqiT araferi Canda, siluetebs daefaraT sakole-

qcio stendebi. yvela maRaziaSi identuri suraTi dagvxvda, uamravi xalxi, axalSenaZeniT xeldamSvenebul adamianTa dausrulebeli rigi salaroebTan, erTmaneTSi areuli da miyril-moyrili tanisamosi, Camovardnili sakidebi, Zirs dayrili nivTebi (romlebzec fexiT gadavlasac ar Takilobda pativcemuli sazogadoeba). ,,warmoudgenelia! verc ki vijereb... qurTuki romelis SeZenas vgegmavdi da velodebodi Sav paraskevs, 9 lariT Zviri aRmoCnda, gazrdili fasi gadauSliaT da Zvel fasze meti dauweriaT...gaognebuli var”,_ aRSfoTebas ver malavda 17 wlis nini, romelic mouTmenlad eloda am dRes. uecrad yvelas yuradReba wri pinma mii pyro, gasasvlel karTan damontaJebuli sensorebi sirenis msgavsad yviroda da ritmulad wiTlad inTeboda, dacvis TanamSromeli axlo mdebare xalxis gaCxrekas Seudga, yvelas uxerxuli Rimili hqonda saxeze... axlos mivedi, vecade gamerkvia ra xdeboda, magram uSedegod, xalxis talRam gareT gamitaca, rogorc mogvianebiT gavige, erTerT momxmarebels nivTis malulad gatana gadauwyvetia da ukan daabrunebines. amavdroulad Tu Tqven sakvebis moTxovnileba gagiCndebaT, nurc ifiqrebT, rom sadme moax-

erxebT mSvidad dasxdomas da sasurveli ulufiT tkbobas, radgan aq arsebuli 3 msxvili sakvebi obieqtidan samive gadaWedilia, erTgan xalxs aRarc uSveben, klientTa simravlis gamo. meoregan SeiZleba bedma gagiRimoT da miagnoT nanatr Tavisufal magidas, magram isic imdenad mouwesrigebeli, Zvel ,,monadimeTa’’ narCenebiT savse dagxvdebaT, rom yvelanairi survili gagiqrebaT. da Tu Cems msgavsad am yvelafers sakvebi dawesebulebis menejerTan gaaprotestebT, nacvlad bodiSisa, igi aucileblad imarTlebs Tavs momxmarebelTa simravliTa da qaosis arsebobiT. isT foinTSi orsarTuliani Senobebi erTmaneTs patara safexmavlo xidebiT ukavSirdeba, am xidebidan gamWvirvale vitrinebSi kargad Canan mofusfuse konsultantebi, romlebic RmerTma uwyis ukve meramdened cdiloben erTmaneTSi areul-dareuli samosi moawesrigon, dakecon da Tavis adgils daubrunon. amasobaSi mosaRamovda, qalaqis stumarTa ricxvma, Cemdagasakvirad, nacvlad klebisa imata, saaxalwlo ganaTebebi CarTes, mocimcime koSkebis msgavsi Senobebi zRapruli sasaxleebis qongurebs hgvanan. patarebis damayruebeli tirili da xalxis zuzuni

axSobda isedac haerSi gafantul musikas. qari gaZlierda, isT foinTis datoveba gadavwyvite... movdiodi da movapobdi xalxTa talRebs... movdiodi da qars maTi frazebi mohqonda ,,rac mindoda is mainc ver viyide“, ,,mgoni eseni ki ar akleben ufro aZvireben ’’, ,, kidev kargi Cemi zoma datoves’’, ,,au is xo kargad mqonda tanze?’’, ,,sufTa saRorea’’.... mikroavtobusebis sadguramde mivaRwie... aqac daklaknili rigebi damxvda... 15 wuTiani lodinis Semdeg, rogorc iqna, transporti movida, pirveli mcdeloba SeRwevisa uSedego aRmoCnda. albaT, advili warmosadgenia rigis damcveli gaafTrebuli qarTvelebi, moCxubari dedakacebi da maginebeli mZRolebi. bolos, rogorc iqna, gaSvebuli ori mikroavtobusis Semdeg, mec mergo adgili, vijeqi, magram mrisxanebiT mTeli amala madga Tavze... manqanis ukana nawilidan xma ismis: ,,vinc cal fexze vdgavarT mgzavrobis safasuris naxevars gadavixdiT xom?”,- yvelam xmamaRla gaicina... maleve miCumdnen, isev sacobia... signalebi ar wydeba.. mgzavrTa daRlil saxeebze advilad vamCnev Savi paraskevis Sav kvals..

salome kalandaZe

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axali ambebi

ukraina saomar mdgomareobaSi ruseTis moqalaqeebs ar miiRebs

parlamentma daamtkica kanonproeqti marixuanis moxmarebaze

ukraina, sanam saomar mdgomareobaSi iqneba, qveyanaSi ar SeuSvebs ruseTis moqalaqe kacebs 16-dan 60 wlamde.

saqarTvelos parlamentma sabolood, mesame mosmeniT daamtkica Sss-s kanonproeqti, romelic marixuanis moxmarebas “mkacr samarTlebriv CarCoebSi svams”.

gamonaklisebi Seexeba gansakuTrebul SemTxvevebs, rodesac ruseTis moqalaqe kacebi daasabuTeben, rom ukrainaSi an dakrZalvaze miemgzavrebian an sxva “humanitaruli SemTxvevisTvis”. ukrainaSi meore kviraa, saomari mdgomareobaa gamocxadebuli. amis mizezia Sav zRvaSi qerCis srutesTan ukrainuli xomaldebis da mezRvaurebis Sepyroba ruseTis mier – movlenebi, rasac “qerCis kriziss” uwodeben. saomari mdgomareoba ukrainis mxolod 10, ZiriTadad, sasazRvro regionSia – iq, sadac, ukrainis parlamentis Tanaxmad, yvelaze metad

kanoni krZalavs marixuanis moxmarebas sazogadoebrivi TavSeyris adgilebSi, sazogadoebriv transportSi, samsaxurebSi – kerZo Tu sajaro seqtorSi, skola-universitetebSi da mimdebare teritoriaze. moxmareba ikrZaleba 21 wlamde asakis pirebisTvis. sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsiT dasjari xdeba 21 wlamde asakis adamianis dayolieba narkotikis moxmarebaze. kanonis ganmartebiT baraTSi weria, rom marixuanis moxmarebisTvis axali kanoni iTvaliswinebs samoqalaqo uflebebis, maT Soris, garkveuli profesiis adamianebisTvis profesiuli saqmianobis uflebis CamorTmevas;

dgas ruseTis SemoWris safrTxe. ukrainis jari sruladaa mobilizebuli. saomari mdgomareoba 26 dekemberamde grZeldeba. kievi moskovs saerTaSoriso kanonmdeblobis darRvevaSi debs brals, rasac moskovi uaryofs. ruseTis TqmiT, ukrianulma xomaldebi ruseTis wylebSi Sevidnen da amitom daakaves isini.

ojaxSi ZaladobisTvis sasjeli gamkacrda parlamentma mesame da sabolood mosmeniT daamtkica kanonproeqti, romliTac mkacrdeba sasjeli im adamianebisTvis, vinc ojaxSi iZaladebs an sxva danaSauls Caidens.

ojaxSi Zaladobis pirvelive SemTxveva amieridan 2 wlamde patimrobiT daisjeba. axali kanoni damamZimebel garemoebad miiCnevs adamianis mier warsulSi ojaxSi danaSaulis Cadenas an Zaladobas. damamZimebel garemoebad CaiTvleba genderis niSniT danaSaulis Cadenac, rasac wlebia, feministuri jgufebi da arasamTavrobo organizaciebi iTxovdnen. damamZimebel garemoebaSi Cadenili danaSaulisTvis sanqciebi ufro mkacria. Tuki adamiani Semakavebel orderiT dakisrebul valdebulebas daarRvevs, maSinve sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsiT daisjeba da ara administraciuliT, rogorc aqamde.

amave kanoniT, gazrdilia narkotikuli saSualebis, maT Soris, marixuanis moxmarebis popularizaciis an reklamirebisTvis dakisrebuli sanqciebi. parlamentma axali kanoni mas Semdeg miiRo, rac sakonstitucio sasamarTlom 2018 wlis zafxulSi istoriuli gadawyvetileba miiRo da marixuanis piradi mizniT moxmareba kanonierad cno.

gardaicvala aSS-is eqsprezidenti jorj buSi ufrosi aSS-is 41-e prezidenti, jorj buSi ufrosi, 30 noembers 94 wlis asakSi gardaicvala. jorj herbert uoker buSi 1989-1993 wlebSi asrulebda aSS-is prezidentis movaleobas. iqamde igi ori vadiT iyo ronald reiganis viceprezidenti. 1993 wels igi arCevnebSi bil klintonTan damarcxda. 2018 wlis aprilSi gardaicvala buSis coli, barbara buSi. colis dakrZalvidan meore dRes jorj buSi ufrosi reanimaciaSi moaTavses. misi janmrTelobis gauaresebis mizezi infeqcia iyo. “respublikeli” jorj buSi ufrosi iyo amerikis 43-e prezidentis, jorj buSis mama.meore msoflio omSi buSi iaponiis winaaRmdeg

ibrZoda – igi samxedro piloti iyo. 1944 wels misi TviTmfrinavi Camoagdes, Tumca gadarCa. igi politikaSi 1964 wels movida, - 40 wlis asakSi, rodesac ukve milioneri iyo. buSs hyavda xuTi Svili, 17 SviliSvili da rva SvilTaSvili.

luka pertaia

cesko 100 wlisaa saqarTvelos centralur saarCevno komisias 2018 wlis 22 noembers 100 weli Seusrulda. saiubileo TariRi centralur saarCevno administraciaSi aRiniSna. „es marTlac gadamwyvetad mniSvnelovania Cveni saarCevno istoriis ganviTarebisa da Rirseuli warsulis Sefasebis TvalsazrisiT. am dRes erovnuli sabWos mier miiRes kanoni, romelic gaxda damfuZnebeli krebis arCevnebis debuleba da swored es iyo pirveli saarCevno kanonmdebloba, romlis safuZvelzec SemdgomSi Catarda arCevnebi. es kanonmdebloba iyo Zalian progresuli, gansakuTrebuli princi-

12

pebisa da Rirebulebebis matarebeli, rac Zalian mniSvnelovani gaxldaT imdroisTvis ara mxolod saqarTvelos, aramed mTeli msoflios masStabiT“,-ganacxada centraluri saarCevno komisiis Tavjdomare Tamar Jvaniam. saiubileo TariRTan dakavSire-

bul RonisZiebas, centraluri saarCevno komisiis wevrebis garda, Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetisa da saqarTvelos daviT aRmaSeneblis saxelobis universitetis studentebic eswrebodnen. „Cven saukuniT win gvqonda Zalian kargi, progresuli gamocdileba, romelic ar iyo mxolod saqarTveloSi Caketili. amas aRiarebdnen da yuradRebas aqcevdnen evropaSic. centraluri saarCevno komisiis aqtivoba am kuTxiT Zalian mniSvnelovania. 2018 wlis maisSic respublikis 100 wlis iubilesTan dakavSirebiT ceskom moqalaqeebs mniSvnelovani informacia miawoda imasTan dakavSirebiT, Tu ra

xdeboda asi wlis win“,-aRniSna Tsu-is biblioTekis saqarTvelos demokratiuli respublikis Semswavleli centris xelmZRvanelma, irakli iremaZem. 1918 wlis 22 noembers saqarTvelos damfuZnebeli krebis centralurma saparlamento saarCevno komisiam pirveli sxdoma gamarTa. am dResve damtkicda damfuZnebeli krebis arCevnebis debuleba, damoukidebeli saqarTvelos pirveli saarCevno sakanonmdeblo aqti, romelic safuZvlad daedo qveyanaSi pirvel demokratiul arCevnebs.

elena goloSvili


mimoxilva

salome zurabiSvili - pirveli qali prezidenti kavkasiis regionSi saqarTveloSi saprezidento arCevnebis meore turi 28 noembers Catarda da istoriuli SedegiT dasrulda - salome zurabiSvili postsabWoTa qveynebSi (garda baltiispireTisa), aseve, kavkasiis regionSi pirveli qali prezidentia. zurabiSvilma arCevnebSi monawileoba damoukidebeli kandidatis saxeliT miiRo, Tumca mas mxars mmarTveli partia „qarTuli ocneba“ uWerda. misi oponenti, grigol vaSaZe ki ,,gaerTianebuli opoziciis’’ saxeliT ibrZoda arCevnebSi. 2018 wlis dawyebasTan erTad, qarTuli media dainteresda, Tu vin iqnebodnen „qarTuli ocnebisa“ da opoziciis mier wardgenili prezidentobis kandidatebi. Tavidanve ramdenime versiaze iyo saubari. politikuri eqspertebi mmarTveli partiidan asaxelebdnen Tea wulukianisa da salome zurabiSvilis kandidaturebs, xolo opoziciuri partiebidan mxolod Salva naTelaSvilis (“leiboristuli partia”) da nino burjanaZis (“demokratiuli moZraoba”) kandidaturebi dasturdeboda, Tumca mogvianebiT, burjanaZem arCevnebSi monawileobaze uari ganacxada. „nacionaluri moZraobis“ liderebi kandidatis wardgenamde opoziciur gaerTianebaze saubrobdnen, romelTan urTierTobazec politikur sivrceSi erT-erTma yvelaze gavlenianma partiam, „evropulma saqarTvelom“ uari ganacxada da sakuTar kandidatad daviT baqraZe waradgina. mogvianebiT, politikur asparezs SeuerTda ramdenime opoziciuri partiis gaerTianebiT Camoyalibebuli koalicia „Zala erTobaSia“, romelmac prezidentobis kandidatad „nacionaluri moZraobis“ mmarTvelobis periodSi sagareo saqmeTa ministris Tanamdebobaze myofi grigol vaSaZe waradgina. saprezidento arCevnebidan ori TviT adre, 31 ivliss saqarTvelos parlamentis upartio deputatma, salome zurabiSvilma safrangeTis saelCos moqalaqeobis daTmobis TxovniT mimarTa, rac, faqtobrivad, imaze miuTiTebda, rom zurabiSvili prezidentis postisTvis ibrZolebda. ramdenime dRis Semdeg, 6 agvistos deputatma oficialur brifingze daadastura, rom arCevnebSi damoukidebeli kandidatis saxeliT iyrida kenWs. am gancxadebis gakeTebis dRidan, opoziciam damoukidebeli kandidatis kritika daiwyo, risi safuZvelic ZiriTadad, zurabiSvilis satelevizio gamosvlebi iyo, sadac is ambobda, rom 2008 wels omi saqarTvelom daiwyo da prezidentma saakaSvilma sakuTari mosaxleoba dabomba, garda amisa, mwvave kritikis obieqti xdebo-

miiRo, xolo misma mTavarma konkurentma, grigol vaSaZem 37.74%. amomrCevelTa 10.97%-ma dauWira mxari daviT baqraZes. Sedegebis gamocxadebidan ramdenime saaTSi „evropulma saqarTvelom“ meore turSi mxardaWera grigol vaSaZes aRuTqva. neitraluri pozicia hqondaT Salva naTelaSvils, daviT usufaSvilsa da zurab jafariZes. da zurabiSvilis metyvelebis manera, rac misi emigraciaSi cxovrebiT iyo gamowveuli. 9 seqtembers mmarTveli partiis politsabWos sxdomis dasrulebisTanave, parlamentis Tavmjdomarem, irakli kobaxiZem JurnalistebTan saubrisas ganacxada, rom „qarTuli ocneba“ saprezidento arCevnebze mxars salome zurabiSvils dauWerda. am gadawyvetilebis miRebis ZiriTad argumentad kobaxiZem zurabiSvilis politikuri da di plomatiuri gamocdileba daasaxela. amasTanave, swored am dRes sabolod dadasturda, rom mmarTvel partias arCevnebze kandidati ar eyoleboda. sabolood, 2018 wlis saprezidento arCevnebze monawileobis survili 25-ma kandidatma gamoTqva, maT Soris yvelaze meti mxardamWeri daviT baqraZes („evropuli saqarTvelo“), grigol vaSaZes („Zala erTobaSia“), Salva naTelaSvils („leiboristuli partia“), kaxa kukavas („Tavisufali saqarTvelo“), daviT usufaSvils („Senebis moZraoba“), zurab jafariZes („girCi“) da salome zurabiSvils hyavdaT. saarCevno kampania daZabul garemoSi mimdinareobda. prezidentobis kandidatebi mudmivad akritikebdnen da erTmaneTs warsulis Secdomebs axsenebdnen. urTierTkritikam socialur qselebSi gadainacvla da kandidatebis mxardamWerebi virtualurad ebrZodnen erTmaneTs. internetSi bevri yalbi ambavi, ukonteqsto foto da videomasala vrceldeboda.

pirveli turi: 2018 wlis saprezidento arCevnebi 28 oqtombers Catarda da masSi monawileoba eleqtoratis 46.74%-ma miiRo. arCevnebis process daeswro monawile subieqtebis 82 904 damkvirvebeli, 73 adgilobrivi sadamkvirveblo organizaciis 22 032 damkvirvebeli da 58 saerTaSoriso organizaciis 1163 saerTaSoriso damkvirvebeli. saarCevno procesi gaaSuqa 125 media organizaciis 1 957-ma Jurnalistma. centraluri saarCevno komisiis mier akreditebul mediasaSualebebs Soris 31 saerTaSoriso da 94 adgilobrivi media organizacia iyo. mTeli dRis ganmavlobaSi saarCevno ubnebis did nawilze gamovlinda darRvevebi, romlebic ZiriTadad ubnebTan „qarTuli ocnebis“ agitatorebisa da adgilobrivi xelisulebis warmomadgenlebis mobilizebiTa da amomrCevelTa siebis mudmivi gadamowmebiT gamoixateboda. miuxedavad amisa, arCevnebi mmarTveli partiisTvis moulodneli SedegiT dasrulda - salome zurabiSvilma xmebis mxolod 38.64%

meore turi: saprezidento arCevnebis meore turi 28 noembers CainiSna da masSi monawileoba salome zurabiSvilma da grigol vaSaZem miiRes. arCevnebis dRemde socialur qselebSi ganxilvis sagnad iqca mmarTveli partiis saarCevno kampania. salome zurabiSvilis nacvlad sareklamo banerebsa da bilbordebze xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi gamoCndnen, maT Soris iyvnen „qarTuli ocnebis“ Tavmjdomare, biZina ivaniSvili, premier-ministri, mamuka baxtaZe da parlamentis Tavmjdomare, irakli kobaxiZe. garda amisa, am periodSi xelisuflebam gaavrcela informacia, rom uaxloes momavalSi damatebiTi fuladi daxmareba daeniSnebodaT socialurad daucvel bavSvebsa da SSm pirebs. aseve, axali iniciativa waradgina mamuka baxtaZem, romlis mixedviTac 600000 moqalaqes, romlebic bankebs Sav siaSi hyavdaT Seyvanili, moexsnebodaT yvelanairi valdebuleba. mTeli kampaniis ganmavlobaSi, mudmivad vrceldeboda informacia, rom sxvadasxva regionSi devnilebs dauriges kartofili, xaxvi, Saqari da kidev ramdenime saxeobis produqcia. amomrCevlis mosyidvis faqtebze saubrobda mediasaSualebebis umravlesobac. baTumsa da TbilisSi „patriotTa aliansis“ warmomadgenlebma gamarTes aqciebi da mxardamWerebs mouwodes, rom xma miecaT salome zurabiSvilisTvis, raTa aRekveTaT „nacionaluri moZraobis“ xelisuflebaSi dabrunebis SesaZlebloba. am yvelafris paralelurad, TbilisSi, parlamentis win mimdinareobda zaza saraliZisa da malxaz maCalikaSvilis aqciebi. situacia gansakuTrebiT daiZaba, rodesac Tbilisis meriam aqciis monawileebs adgilis Secvlisken mouwoda, radgan parlamentis win naZvis xe da saaxalwlo dekoraciebi unda ganeTavsebinaT. miuxedavad meriis Txovnisa, saprotesto aqciebze karvebis raodenobam imata, xolo zaza saraliZem kidev erTxel mou-

woda saqarTvelos mosaxleobas, ar daeWiraT mxari salome zurabiSvilisTvis. sabolood, arCevnebis meore turze amomrCevelTa 56% mivida. am SemTxvevaSic uamravi darRveva gamoavlines rogorc arasamTavroboebma, aseve sadamkvirveblo organizaciebma da mediasaSualebebma. saarCevno ubnebTan mobilizebuli iyvnen xelisuflebis warmomadgenlebi da dajgufebebi, romelTac media „Zveli biWebis“ saxeliT moixseniebda. gabaTilda bevri iseTi biuleteni, romelSic opoziciis kandidati iyo Semoxazuli, xolo damoukidebeli kandidati gadaxazuli. saboloo Sedegebis mixedviT, amomrCevelTa umravlesobam mxari mmarTveli partiis mier mxardaWeril damoukidebel kandidats - salome zurabiSvils dauWira, romelmac xmebis 59.6% miiRo da ara mxolod saqarTveloSi, aramed kavkasiis regionSi pirveli qali prezidenti gaxda. amomrCevelTa 41.5%-ma dauWira mxari gaerTianebuli opoziciis kandidats, grigol vaSaZes.

saboloo Sedegebis gamocxadebidan ramdenime saaTSi, saerTaSoriso mediam aqtiurad daiwyo saprezidento arCevnebis gaSuqeba. TiTqmis yvela mediasaSualebam yuradReba gaamaxvila im faqtze, rom salome zurabiSvili kavkasiis regionSi pirveli qali prezidenti iqneba. am faqts vrceli masala miuZRvna ,,Bloomberg-ma’’, B,,BBC-მ“, “Washington Post“-ma da „radio Tavisuflebam“. safrangeTis dedaqalaqSi dabadebuli 66 wlis salome zurabiSvili saqarTvelos politikur asparezze 2000 wels gamoCnda da mas Semdeg aqtiurad aris CarTuli qarTul politikaSi. 2004-2005 wlebSi iyo sagareo saqmeTa ministris Tanamdebobaze, Tumca gundSi dapirispirebis gamo maleve gaaTavisufles. mas Semdeg, zurabiSvili CaerTo opoziciur moZraobaSi, Tumca 2010 wels politikidan droebiT wavida, radgan miaCnda, rom opoziciuri saqmianoba saqarTveloSi ar arsebobda. 2012 wels, „qarTuli ocnebis“ xelisuflebaSi mosvlis Semdeg, qveyanaSi dabrunda da 2016 wels kenWi iyara mTawmindis maJoritarul olqSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom mmarTvelma partiam am olqSi kandidati ar waradgina. zurabiSvilma gaimarjva da 2018 wlis saprezidento arCevnebSic amave princi piT miiRo monawileoba. wlevandel saprezidento arCevnebSi saqarTvelos mosaxleobam 6 wlis vadiT, pirdapiri wesiT bolojer airCia qveynis mTavarsardali.

mixeil talaxaZe

13


politika

giorgi margvelaSvili prezidentobis gzagasayarze 2013 wlis 27 oqtombers giorgi margvelaSvi- li saqarTvelos prezidentad xmaTa 62.18%-iT airCies. is ,,qarTuli ocnebis” warmomadgeneli iyo. dRes qveyanam axali prezidenti airCia. 28 noembers sazogadoebam gadawyvita, rom ,,qarTuli ocnebis” mier mxardaWerili damoukidebeli kandidati, salome zurabiSvili saqarTvelos mTavarsardali iqneba. margvelaSvilis saprezidento vada dasarulda, Tvali gadavavloT gzas, romelic man, rogorc saqarTvelos pirvelma pirma, dRemde gaiara.

giorgi margvelaSvili, prezidentad arCevisTanave, skandalSi gaexva: dapirispireba prezidentsa da ,,qarTuli ocnebis” lider biZina ivaniSvils Soris mas mere daiwyo, rac margvelaSvilma, ivaniSvilis kategoriuli gancxadebebis miuxedavad, uari Tqva avlabris saprezidento rezidenciis datovebaze. yofili premierministri, biZina ivaniSvili ambobda, rom avlabris sasaxleSi prezidentis cxovreba did xarjebTana iyo dakavSirebuli da margvelaSvils aTonelis quCaze, misTvis garemontebul SenobaSi gadasvlas sTxov da. sabolood, prezidentma pirvandeli gadawyvetileba ar Secvala. sainformacio saagento ,,interpresniusis” informaciiT, 2015 da 2016 wlebSi avlabris rezidenciis funqcionirebisaTvis 4.5 milion larze meti daixarja. es monacemebi saqarTvelos saxelmwifo dacvis specialurma samsaxurma gamoaq veyna. ivaniSvili saubrobda prezidentis mier sasaxlis iZulebiT datovebis Sesaxebac. konstituciis mixedviT, aravis aqvs ufleba, prezidenti sasaxlidan gamoasaxlos. Sesabamisad, margvelaSvili dRemde avlabris rezidenciidan marTavs saxelmwifos. miuxedavad imisa, rom biZina ivaniS-

vils msgavsi ram ar uTqvams, erT-erTi mosazrebis mixedviT, premierministri avlabris sasaxleSi margvelaSvilis darCenam gansakuTrebiT imitom gaaRiziana, rom Senoba wina prezidentis, mixeil saakaSvilis brZanebiT garemontda

raRac ti pis demokratiaze miuTiTebda.”

Sewyaleba

giorgi margvelaSvilma araerTxel gamoiyena konstituciiT miniWebuli Sewyalebis ufleba. oficialuri monacemebiT, man bevrad meti adamiani Seiveto, rogorc ,,savizito bara- wyala, vidre misma winamorbedma. Ees Ti” faqtic kritikis sagani bevrjer gaxda. avlabris sasaxlis ambebis Semdeg 2013-2015 wlebSi SewyalebulTa 63%situacia TiTqos Cawynarda, Tumca s narkodanaSaulisTvis dakavebuleprezidenti xSirad ar eTanxmeboda bi Seadgendnen. es prezidentis parmTavrobis mier miRebul sxvadasxva lamentisadmi gagzavnil erTgvar gadawyvetilebas da iyenebda e.w. vetos Setyobinebad CaiTvala, rac narkouflebas. Sedegad, margvelaSvilis am danaSaulis mimarT SedarebiT libgziT dapirispireba ,,ocnebis” nabijeb- eralur politikas gulisxmobda. Tan mis erTgvar maxasiaTeblad iqca. diskusia gamoiwvia margvelaSvilis prezidentma vetos ufleba sul aTjer mier sakuTari colisZmis Sewyalebagamoiyena. amasTan dakavSirebiT man Tqva: mac. samjer nasamarTlev mixeil mga,,vetoebi mimarTuli iyo iqiTken, rom ar lobliSvils Cvidmetwliani patimroba Segvesustebina saxelmwifo institute- hqonda misjili jgufuri da ganzrax bi, piriqiT, SegvenarCunebina. samwux- mkvlelobis mcdelobisTvis. 2014 arod, vetoebi daZlies. es cudia imitom, wels prezidentis brZanebiT, amnistirom amis gamo saxelmwifo institutebi is farglebSi, isic gaaTavisufles. Seirya, magram, zogadad rom SevxedoT, margvelaSvilma es gadawyvetileba vetos faqti kargia - is qveynis SigniT Sewyalebis komisiisgan damoukideb-

lad miiRo. oponentebi prezidents mikerZoebulobaSi sdebdnen brals, man ki ganmarta, rom colisZmis Sewyaleba iseTive humanuri qmedeba iyo, rogoric nebismieri sxva msjavrdebulisa. saqarTvelos pirveli piris mier amnistirebulebs Soris iyvnen, aseve, jgufur yaCaRobasa da damamZimebel garemoebaSi ganzrax mkvlelobaSi msjavrdebulebi. prezidentis amnistiebTan dakavSirebiT diskusia mZime danaSaulis Cadenis gamo dakavebuli adamianebisTvis sasjelis Semsubuqebam da, zog SemTxvevaSi, gaTavisuflebam gamoiwvia. es sakiTxi aqtualuri kidev erTxel gaxda 9 wlis mozardis mkvlelobis Semdeg, romelSic braldebuli margvelaSvilis mier Sewyalebuli iago nebieriZea. nebieriZem cota xnis win gaamxila 14 wlis winaT mokluli kidev erTi mcirewlovnis saflavis mdebareoba. nebieriZes maSin danaSauli ar daumtkicda da sasjels Zarcvisa da yaCaRobis muxlebiT ixdida. Uda bolos Ggiorgi margvelaSvilma axal saprezidento arCevnebSi monawileobaze uari Tqva. man ganmarta, rom prezidentobis 5 wlis ganmavlobaSi emsaxureboda ara elitas, aramed xalxs da am samsaxurs ukve sxva formiT ganagrZobs. mTavrobis wevrebma prezidentis gadawyvetileba, ZiriTadad, logikurad da adekvaturad Seafases. saprezidento arCevnebis pirveli turis Semdeg margvelaSvilma Tqva, rom wlebis win naklebi finansuri resursiT salome zurabiSvilze meti xmaTa raodenobis mopoveba SeZlo. Mprezidentma mouwoda moqalaqeebs, aqtiurad miiRon monawileoba meore turSi demokratiuli procesebis ganviTarebisTvis.

ana cucqiriZe

riski Tu humanizmi – prezidentis Sewyalebis ufleba gorSi gansakuTrebuli sisastikiT Cadenil mkvlelobas mcirewlovani gogonas sicocxle Seewira. SemTxvevis simZafridan gamomdinare, sazogadoebaSi uamravi mosazreba gamoiTqva, maTgan erT-erTi aseTia rom ara prezident giorgi margvelaSvilis individualuri Sewyalebis aqti, braldebuli, iago nebieriZe, sasjels 2025 wlamde moixdida. Sewyalebis gansxvavebuli meqanizmebi mTels msoflioSi gvxvdeba da aramxolod sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebSi, aramed sxvadasxva religiur mimdinareobaSic xSirad gamoiyeneba. unda aRiniSnos, rom Sewyaleba, gansxvavebiT amnistiisgan, aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis saSualebiT xorcieldeba da, rogorc adamianis uflebaTa centris mier momzadebul kvlevaSi „Sewyalebis uflebamoslieba“ vkiTxulobT, Tanamderove sazogadoeba am cnebis qveS moiazrebs: •sisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobisgan srulad gaTavisuflebas;

14

•sasjelis gadavadebas an SeCerebas; •konkretuli sasjelis ufro msubuqi sasjeliT Secvlas; •nasamarTlobis da misi Tanmdevi SezRudvebisgan srulad gaTavisuflebas. Sewyaleba, Tavisi bunebiT, humanuri nabijia da gamowveulia mouqneli kanonmdeblobis safuZvelze arsebuli usamarTlobis gancdiT. Tumca ramdenad humanurad an samarTlianad SeiZleba miviCnioT aRniSnuli meqanizmi, roca mas sxva adamianis sicocxle ewireba?! saqarTveloSi bolo dros gaxmaurebuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebi eWvqveS ayenebs Sewyalebis arsebuli meTodebis adekvaturobas. 2018 wlis 25 oqtombers gorSi 9 wlis gogonas cxedari i poves. mkvlelobaSi braldebuli iago nebieriZe warsulSi nasamarTlevia, igi 8 wlis win yaCaRobis braldebiT daakaves da 9 Tvis win prezidentis individualuri Sewyalebis safuZvelze gaaTavisufles. mas aseve edavebodnen qalis mimarT ganxorcielebul Zaladobas. amave wlis 18 aprils ki cnobili gaxda 25 wlis qalis mkvlelobis Sesaxeb. Sinagan saqmeTa saministros mier gavrcelebuli informaciis Tanaxmad, qals yofilma maminacvalma Su-

risZiebis mizniT yeli gamoWra mcirewlovani bavSvebis Tvalwin. damnaSave sasjels ojaxSi Zaladobis faqtze ixdida da, msgavsad iago nebieriZisa, sapatimro prezidentis SewyalebiT datova. aRniSnuli SemTxvevebi qmnis safuZvels, gadaisinjos am meqanizmis fundamnturi princi pebi da debulebebi. uflebadamcvel lia muxaSavrias informaciiT,Sewyalebis TxovniT prezidents SeuZlia mimarTos nebismierma patimarma, Tumca gansakuTrebuli yuradReba eqceva, Tu rogori daxasiaTeba aqvs TiToeul maTgans

cixis administraciisgan da ramdeni sayveduri an madloba aqvs miRebuli. pirvel etapze Txovnas Sesabamisi aparati ganixilavs, moTxovnaTa Sesabamisobis safuZvelze ki saqme gadaecema Sewyalebis komisias. saboloo gadawyvetilebas xels awers prezidenti, romelsac aqvs ufleba daeTanxmos an ar daeTanxmos miRebul Sedegs. Tumca konkretulad ra principebs eyrdnobian komisiaSi da ra prioritetebiT xelmZRvaneloben, bundovania. Aamas mowmobs adamianTa uflebaTa centris zemoxsenebuli kvlevac,

sadac weria, rom dasabuTeba Sewyalebis arsebuli modelis ZiriTadi naklovanebaa. mniSvnelovania saerTaSoriso gamocdilebac. am mxriv SeiZleba movixmoT ukrainis magaliTi, sadac 2016 wels prezidentma poroSenkom 67,xolo imave wels saqarTveloSi giorgi margvelaSvilma saaxalwlod 175 patimari Seiwyala. Cveni qveynis maCvenebeli ukrainis monacems TiTqmis 3-jer aRemateba. aRniSnuli faqtebi da am sakiTxze Catarebuli kvlevebi Tu dakvirvevebi cxadyofs, rom sistema bolome gamarTuli ar aris. mosalodneli safrTxeebisa da savalalo Sedgebis gaTvaliswinebiT, saWiroa prezidentis Sewyalebis meqanizmis gadaxedva, Sewyalebis komisiss wevrebis arCevisas kompetenciis gaTvaliswineba da gadawyvetilebis miRebis procesSi ufro metad daxvewili, realobas morgebuli kriteriumebis gaTvaliswineba, rac am qveynis mcxovrebTaTvis usafrTxoebisa da daculubis garanti iqneba.

Tamar ZiZikaSvili


politika

„vis davureko, Tu evropasTan msurs saubari?“, - henri kisinjeri ,,Cvens qveyanas evropuli gamocdileba, mecniereba da ganaTleba sWirdeba, es unda iyos misi Tof-iaraRi’’ - rodesac ilia WavWavaZe am sityvebs warmoTqvamda, mSvenivrad acnobierebda, rom saqarTvelo ver ganviTardeboda iseTi qveynis gverdiT, rogoric ruseTi iyo. aTeuli wlebis gasvla gaxda saWiro, sanam Cveni qveyana daaRwevda Tavs ruseTis marwuxebsa da airCevda evropisaken mimaval rTul gzas. dRes ukve aravis epareba eWvi, rom, adre Tu gvian, saqarTvelo daubrundeba im keras, romelsac odesRac moswyvites, amisTvis ki mniSvnelovania mWirdod iTanamSromlos iseT gaerTianebebTan, rogorebicaa nato da evrokavSiri. saidumlo araa, rom am gaerTianebebSi gasawevrianeblad saqarTvelo jer mzad araa, Tumca bolo dros ganxorcielebuli cvlilebebi saimedo prognozebis gakeTebis saSualebas gvaZlevs. evrokavSirisa da saqarTvelos urTierToba 1992 wlidan iwyeba, mas Semdeg, rac saqarTvelom damoukidebloba moi pova, 2016 wels ki xeli moewera asocirebis xelSekrulebas, romelic warmoadgens evrokavSirTan daaxloebis samoqmedo gegmas. unda aRvniSnoT, rom am dokumentis erTerTi mniSvnelovani nawilia uvizo mimosvlis reJimis amoqmedeba Sengenis zonaSi, romelic moicavs evrokavSiris 22 wevr da oTx wevrobis kandidat qveyanas. asocirebis Sesaxeb SeTanxmebis xelmoweramde ramdenime wliT adre, sazogadoeba SiSma da eWvma erTdroulad moicva im informaciis gamo, romelic aqtiurad vrceldeboda ruse-

Tis mier dafinansebuli mediasaSualebebiT. kerZod, saubaria imaze, rom evropis bevr qveyanaSi incesti, pedofilia da homoseqsualebis qorwineba kanoniT iyo nebadarTuli da Tuki saqarTvelos surda, am qveynebis gverdiT daekavebina adgili, Tavadac unda mieRo aseTi kanoni. propaganda kidev ufro aqtiur fazaSi Sevida mas Semdeg, rac saqarTvelos parlamentma 2014 wels miiRo kanoni ,,diskriminaciis yvela formis aRmofxvris Sesaxeb’’. 2009-2015 wlebSi evraziis TanamSromlobis fondis evropuli integraciis programis farglebSi, kavkasiis kvleviTi resursebis centris (CRRC) organizebiT Catarda gamokiTxva, romlis mizanic evrokavSiris Sesaxeb saqarTvelos mosaxleobis damokidebulebis Seswavla iyo. gamokiTxvam aCvena, rom 2013 wlidan saqarTveloSi evrointegraciis mxardamWerTa raodenoba 78%-dan 62%-mde Semcirda. Tumca, bolo drois statistikas Tu gadavxedavT, mivxvdebiT, rom Cveni sazogadoebis damokidebuleba evrokavSiris mimarT dadebiTad Seicvala. 2018 wels aRmosavleT partniorobis qveynebSi Catarebulma gamokiTxvam aCvena, rom saqarTvelos mosaxleobis 59 % evrokavSiris mimarT dadebiTad aris ganwyobili. aRsaniSnavia isic, rom es maCvenebeli aRmosavleT partniorobis sxva qveynebze maRalia. saqarTvelos mosaxleobis didi nawili ukve Tanxmdeba, rom evrokavSiri Cveni qveynis politikurad, ekonomikurad da kulturulad dawinaurebis garantia. amis Tqmis saSualebas gva-

Zlevs is politika, romelsac evrokavSiri saqarTvelosTan urTierTobisas iyenebs. dRemde misi mxardaWeriT saqarTveloSi uamravi proeqti dafinansda da ganxorcielda, maTgan umniSvnelovanesia jandacvis sferos gaumjobesebisTvis gamoyofili Tanxebi, aseve, arasamTavrobo organizaciebis dafinansebebi, saqarTvelos masStabiT saganmanaTleblo dawesebulebebisa da bavSvTa da moxucTa saxlebis rekonstruqcia-remonti, Tavisufali arCevnebis Catarebis xelSewyoba, mcire da saSualo biznesis dafinanseba da sxv. evrokavSiris warmomadgenlebi aqtiurad akvirdebian saqarTveloSi adamianis uflebaTa dacvis sakiTxs. 2017 wels 30 milioni lari gamoyo programisTvis ,,adamianTa uflebebi yvelasTvis’’. es programa xels uwyobs adamianis uflebaTa dacvis monitoringsa da samoqmedo gegmis ganxorcielebas. aRsaniSnavia isic, rom evrokavSiri saqarTvelos erTerTi umsxvilesi savaWro partnioria. sasoflo-sameurneo produqciis eqsportis didi nawili swored evrokavSiris qveynebze modis. evrokavSirTan Rrma da

yovlismomcveli savaWro sivrcis SeTanxmeba saqarTvelosTvis erTerTi win gadadgmuli nabijia. es SeTanxmeba gulisxmobs saqonlisa da momsaxureobis liberalizacias. sasoflo-sameurneo produqciis saeqsporto eqveynebidan aRsaniSnavia germania, italia da rumineTi. 2017 wlis ianvarSi evrokavSiris qveynebTan sagareo savaWro brunvam 174 mln. aSS dolari Seadgina. es maCvenebeli 27%-iT aRemateba wina wlis maCvenebels. bolo aTwleulis ganmavlobaSi saqarTvelos sagareo vaWrobis brunva 6-jer gaizarda. 2018 welis 21 noembers briuselSi xeli moewera SeTanxmebas, romlis mixedviTac evrokavSiri saqarTvelosTvis damatebiT 231 milion evros gamohyofs. es Tanxa gadanawildeba iseT sferoebze, rogorebicaa soflis meurneoba, ganaTlebis sfero, ekonomika. evrokavSiri saqarTvelos saimedo partniori iyo wlebis ganmavlobaSi. Cvens qveyanaSi uaravi dadebiTi cvlileba ganxorcielda, gaizarda demokratiis xarisxic. Tu sxva qveynis magaliTebs gadavxedavT, mivxvdebiT, rom

evrokavSirSi gawevrianeba mxolod sargeblis momtani SeiZleba gaxdes. mas Semdeg rac didi britaneTSi konservatiuli partiis iniciativiT referendumis Catarebaze daiwyes saubari qveyanis stabiluroba kiTxvis niSnis qveS dadga. referendumis Sedegebis gamocxadebis Semdeg ki britanuli funtis kursi dolarTan mimarTebaSi 3%-iT gaufasurda. amis mizezi iyo is, rom evrokavSiri wlebis ganmavlobaSi didi britaneTis saimedo partniori iyo vaWrobis sferoSi, amave sferoSi daaxloebiT, 3 milioni adamiani iyo dasaqmebuli. bunebrivia, didi britaneTis ekonomika evrokavSiridan gasvlis Semdeg arc ise saxarbielo mdgomareobaSi aRmoCnda. swored didi britaneTia kargi magaliTi imisa, gavigoT, ra upiratesobebi gaaCnia evrokavSirSi Semaval qveynebs. dRes saqarTvelo ise axlosaa evrokavSirTan, rogorc arasdros. evrokavSiris damokidebuleba da xedvebi Cveni qveynisadmi ukiduresad nihilisturidan mkveTrad pozitiuramde Seicvala, amis mizezad ki saqarTveloSi ganxorcielebuli dadebiTi cvlilebebi SeiZleba davasaxeloT. Cveni qveynis mosaxleoba ukve acnobierebs, rom ganviTarebisTvis umniSvnelovanesia sabolood davaRwioT Tavi Cvens Crdiloel mezobelsa da avirCioT dasavluri gza, romelic garanti iqneba Tavisuflebis, tolerantobis, Zlieri ekonomikisa da warmatebis.

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saprezidento arCevnebis meore turi _ koordinatorebi mediis winaaRmdeg

28 noembers saqarTveloSi saprezidento arCevnebis meore turi Catarda. erTmaneTs mmarTveli gundis, ,,qarTuli ocnebis” mier mxardaWerili damoukidebeli kandidati salome zurabiSvili da gaerTianebuli opoziciis lideri grigol vaSaZe daupirispirdnen. am droisTvis xmebis 100% daTvlilia da, Sedegebis mixedviT, saqarTvelos mexuTe prezidenti salome zurabiSvili xdeba.

meore turSi viTareba saarCevno ubnebze pirvel turTan SedarebiT bevrad ufro daZabuli iyo. gansakuTrebiT rTulad iyo saqme ubnis gareT myof koordinatorebsa da mediis warmomadgenlebs Soris. jer kidev manam, sanam Tavad daviwyebdi ubnebze muSaobas, axal ambebSi ramdenime SemTxvevis Sesaxeb gadmosces. erTgan Jurnalists xelic daartyes, uxeSobasa da sityvier Seuracxyofaze xom saubaric zedmetia. Sors rom ar wavideT, pirdapir imas giambobT, rac Tavad gadamxda Tavs. fotoreportaJis mosamzadeblad saarCevno ubnebis Semovlas vgegmavdi da gadavwyvite, saqmianoba saxlTan axlos arsebuli ori ubnidan

damewyo. Sesvlamdeve movkari Tvali TeTri feris avtomobils, romelic furclebiani qalbatonebiT iyo savse. mandilosnebi quCis gadaRmac idgnen da viRac kacisgan miTiTebebs iRebdnen. saubris Sinaarsi kargad, cxadia, ver gavarCie, magram mivxvdi, rom saqme amomrCevelTa misvla-armisvlisTvis Tvalyuris devnebas exeboda. ubnebze fotoebis gadaRebis Semdeg kvlav gareT gamovedi da gadavwyvite, ramdenime foto SesasvlelTan Sekrebili ,,damkvirveblebisTvisac” gadameRo. mobiluri movamzade da foto yovelgvari malvis gareSe gadaviRe. manamde vuyurebdi sakmaod gulTbil scenas, Tu rogor moexvia viRac asakovani qalbatoni zemoxsenebul mamakacs da miuloca gamarjveba saarCevno dRis sami saaTisTvis. fotos gadaRebisTanave erTerTi mamakaci TiTis qneviT gamoeSura Cemken da male is sayvareli beboc mohyva. miuxedavad imisa, rom ganvmarte, foto profesiuli saqmianobisTvis gadaviRe, agresias ver avcdi. bebo Cemi politikuri SexedulebebiT dainteresda, ,,axalgazrda gogo xar da gaaCnia, im erTujredianebis mxares xar Tu ara da ise gviRebo”. cxadia, vupasuxe, rom namdvilad ar viyavi valdebuli,

amis Sesaxeb maTTan mesaubra da fotoebis gadaRebis uflebac mqonda. Semdeg kadrSi moxvedrili mamakacic mekamaTa, rogor gavbede da telefoniT mosiarule Jurnalistma foto unebarTvod gadavuRe. sad iyo Cemi operatori an kamera? bevri rom ar gavagrZelo, bolos romeliRac maTgani mixvda, rom mediis warmomadgenelTan ase ar unda esaubraT da danarCenebsac xeli SeuSala. samwuxarod, scenis videoze aRbeWdva ver movaxerxe. alyaSi moqceuls kameris amoRebac rom mecada, SesaZloa, fizikur Seuracxyofazec gadmosuliyvnen. es ambavi mxolod imisTvis movyevi, rom davsva kiTxva, esaa mediis Tavisufleba, romelzedac vsaubrobT? ase gvesmis informaciis miRebisa da gavrcelebis Tavisufleba? da Tu ar gvesmis, ras akeTebs saxelmwifo saimisod, rom gvesmodes? mimaCnia, rom Jurnalistika erTerTi yvelaze rTuli, sapasuxismgeblo da sazogadoebisTvis mniSvnelovani saqmianobaa. Zalian samwuxaroa is faqti, rom ramdenime araeTikuri Jurnalistis gamo mediis warmomadgenlebs saxeli erTgvarad gatexili gvaqvs. miuxedavad amisa, es arcerT SemTxvevaSi ar amarTlebs adamianebs, romlebic,

faqtobrivad, Zaladoben da xels gviSlian muSaobaSi. zogadad saarCevno ubnebis gareT koordinatorTa mobilizeba arakanonieri qmedeba araa, Tumca aqac arsebobs kiTxva: Tu es adamianebi Rrmad arian darwmunebuli imaSi, rom rasac akeTeben, sworia, ratom emalebian medias? ratom arian ase agresiulebi da ratom eridebian saqmianobis detalebis gamxelas? adamianebs erTmaneTisadmi (raRac doneze mainc) pativiscemis unari arcerT situaciaSi ar unda gvekargebodes. Jurnalistika rom daufasebeli sferoa da qarTveli xalxis absoluturma umravlesobam ar icis, ra Zviri jdeba maTTan informaciis mitana, amas TandaTan vxvdebi, magram is, rac guSin me da kidev araerT Jurnalists gadagvxda, yovlad gaumarTlebelia. erTaderT gamosavlad sazogadoebaSi mediawignierebis donis amaRleba da Jurnalisturi saqmianobisadmi pativiscemis swavleba mimaCnia. Tumca, paralelurad, isic saWiroa, rom Jurnalistikam Tavad daimkvidros marTali mediis adgili da politikaSi CarTuls adamianebi ar aviwydebodes.

ana cucqiriZe

15


politika

„qarTuli ocnebisa“ da „omegas“ bundovani, Seumdgari garigeba kompania „omegasa“ da „qarTuli ocnebis“ liderebs Soris dadebuli, Seusrulebeli garigebis axali detalebi amZafrebs eWvebs araformalur mmarTvelobasTan dakavSirebiT. „omega jgufi“, romelic telekompaniა „iberiasac“ flobs, ZiriTadad, Tambaqos biznesSia CarTuli. ramdenime wlis ganmavlobaSi kompanias 52 milion laramde raodenobis vali daugrovda. imis gamo, rom erTbaSad am Tanxis gadaxda uWirda, kompania saxelmwifos restruqturizacias, anu valis gadaxdis pirobebis cvlilebas sTxovda. oficialurad „omegasა“ da mis damfuZnebels, zaza oquaSvils, restruqturizaciaze uars eubnebodnen. Tumca, oquaSvilis da „rusTavi2“-is gavrcelebuli faruli Canawerebis Tanaxmad, araformalurad „ocnebis“ warmomadgenlebi kompaniis sxvadasxva problemis mogvarebas jer televiziis daTmobis, Semdeg ki Tanxis sanacvlod sTavazobdnen. amas isini, Canawerebisა da interviuebis Tanaxmad, yofili premierministris, miliarderi biZina ivaniSvilis, davalebiT akeTebdnen. am versias uaryofen biZina ivaniSvili da is adamianebi, romlebic CanawerebSi figurireben. Canawerebis erT-erTi monawilis, sportis yofili ministris, levan yifianis, TqmiT, es

Canawerebi, sadac „ocnebis“ mier sxvadasxva ukanono nabijze saubroben, dadgmulia. „gamosworeba” zaza oquaSvilma „qarTul ocnebas“ reketSi saprezidento arCevnebis wina periodSi dasdo brali; amave periodSi gaavrcela „rusTavi2-ma’’ am saqmeze sxvadasxva audioCanaweri. am masalebis da braldebebis gasajaroebis Semdeg, rogorc Tavad oquaSvilma Tqva, 21 noembers „rusTavi2-Tan’’ interviuSi, erTi SexedviT, situacia gamosworda: arCevnebis I turamde ori dRiT adre, 26 noembers, „omegam“ 51- milioniani validan daaxloebiT 2 milionamde

lari gadaixada biujetSi, rasac mohyva „omegas“ Tambaqos qarxnis amuSaveba; kompaniam SeiZina aqcizuri markebi, rac saqmianobisTvis aucilebeli komponentia; zepiri SeTanxmebiT, aRniSnuli vali 10 milionamde SeumcirdaT; ivaniSvilis dafuZnebuli „qarTu bankisgan“ 8 milionis sesxi miiRes; moiges sasamarTlo dava ufiltro sigaretTan dakavSirebiT, rac minimum wliur 60-milionian Semosavals niSnavs; miamiturad megona, rom saxelmwifom, bolos da bolos, feodalizms, rekets da kriminals daaneba Tavi da dadga swor gzaze dadgao, განაცხადა oquaSvilma.

ris sanacvlod? Tumca, rogorc „omegas“ damfuZnebeli yveba, „ocnebis“ xelmZRvanelobam am yvelafris sanacvlod misgan moiTxova, ukan waeRo Tavisi monaTxrobi reketsa da sxva ukanono qmedebebze da ganecxadebina, rom es yofili prezidenti mixeil saakaSvilisა da „rusTavi2-is’’ direqtoris, nika gvaramias, mier dadgmuli scenaris nawili iyo. oquaSvilis Tanaxmad, mmarTveli gundi moiTxovda, yvela problemis aRmofxvris sanacvlod, telekompania „imedis“ eTerSi waekiTxa winaswar dawerili werili, sadac igi uaryofda yvela im cnobas, rac manamde mediaSi

gavrcelda. sanam am teqsts ar waikiTxavda, SeTanxmeba sruli ZaliT ar amoqmeddeboda. telekompania „imedma“ es braldeba uaryo da ganacxada, rom oquaSvils sasamarTloSi uCivleben. am cnobebs sicrue uwodes „qarTul ocnebaSic“. ras ambobs es cnobebi saxelmwifo mmarTvelobaze? Tuki CamoTvlili braldebebi dadasturda, aSkara gaxdeba, rom kritikulad ganwyobili mxareebis varaudebi „qarTuli ocnebis“ pirobebSi araformalur mmarTvelobaze realuria, xolo „elituri korufcia“, anu korufcia maRal eSelonebSi, rac evroparlamentis bolo, 2018 wlis oqtombris, rezoluciaSicaa naxsenebi, qveyanaSi namdvilad arsebobs. imaves ambobs sxvadasxva arasamTavrobo organizacia. magaliTad, 13 arasamTavrobo, romelTa Soris „axalgazrda iuristebi“, „saerTaSoriso gamWvirvaloba“ da „Ria sazogadoebis fondi“ arian, acxadebs, rom „omega jgufis“ garSemo gavrcelebul Canawerebsa da masalebs „damajereblobis maRali xarisxi aqvs“. „maTi erToblioba miuTiTebs, rom savaraudod, Tavad sagamoZiebo uwyebebic imave araformaluri gavlenebis qveS arian da maT mimarT ndoba dabalia, es ki demokratiis seriozul krizisze mianiSnebs“.

luka pertaia

ra uflebebi eqneba axal prezidents saqarTvelom 28 noembers rigiT me-5 prezidenti axali uflebebiT airCia. cvlilebebi ZalaSi prezidentis inauguraciis Semdeg Seva. am siaxles sazogadoebaSi azrTa sxvadasxvaoba mohyva. nawili miiCnevs, rom konstituciiT prezidentis uflebebi minimumamde davida da mas mxolod formaluri saxe aqvs. parlamentis Tavmjdomare irakli kobaxiZem, am sakiTxze isaubra imereTis regionis mosaxleobasTan Sexvedrisas da aRniSna, rom prezidents arsebiTad igive statusi da kompetenciebi rCeba: „dRevandeli konstituciiT, saqarTvelos prezidenti aris saqarTvelos meTauri, aris umaRlesi mTavarsardali da igi warmoadgens saqarTvelos sagareo urTierTobebSi. es aris prezidentis statusis sami ZiriTadi niSani da samive ZalaSi rCeba. rac Seexeba uflebamosilebebs, gvaqvs ori arsebiTi cvli-

16

leba, orive efuZneba veneciis komisiis rekomendacias. Zalauflebaze es Canawerebi aranair gavlenas ar axdens“. - ganacxada irakli kobaxiZem. cvlilebebi: axali dokumentiT nebismieri gadawyvetileba, romelsac miiRebs prezidenti, ar iqneba ZalaSi, sanam xels ar moawers premier ministri. im sakiTxebsac, romlebsac prezidenti adre damoukideblad wyvetda, axali konstituciis mixedviT, premieris Tanxmobis gareSe Zala ar eqneba - es aris kontrasignacia, is ZiriTadi cvlileba, romelic am dokumentiT damtkicda. Tumca, prezidents rCeba garkveuli uflebebi, romlebic premieris an parlamentis nebarTvas ar saWiroebs. magaliTad: moqalaqeobis miniWebis sakiTxi, msjavრdebulebis Sewyaleba, calkeul Tanamdebobebze pirebis daniSvna. saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociacis iuristi giorgi gociriZe „moambesTan“ saubrisas am cvlilebas, romelic kontrsignacias Seexeba, dadebiTad afasebs da

ambobs, rom es premier ministris uflebamosilebebs abalansebs. prezidenti xdeba zepartiuli figura _ mas ekrZaleba partiuli Tanamdebobis dakaveba, Tumca SeuZlia partiis wevrad darCena. aRar eqneba sakanonmdeblo iniciativisa da parlamentSi kanonproeqtis riggareSed ganxilvis ufleba. aseve, aRar miiRebs monawileobas sabiujeto procesSi. uqmdeba erovnuli uSiSroebis sabWo da prezidenti aRar waradgens uzenaesi sasamarTlos mosamarTleobis kandidatebs. mas eqneba mTavrobis sxdomis mowvevis moTxovnisa da am sxdomebSi monawileobis ufleba. prezidenti rCeba qveynis meTaurad, samxedro Zalebis mTavarsardlad da sagareo

urTierTobebSi warmomadgenlad, Tumca aRar warmarTavs da ganaxorcielebs saSinao da sagareo politikas. sagareo urTierTobebSi ver imoqmedebs mTavrobis Tanxmobis gareSe. Tu mas adre hqonda ufleba gadaeyenebina mTavroba, axla es ufleba SeezRuda. Seicvala prezidentis arCevis wesic, pirdapiri arCevis wesiT prezidenti wels bolojer avirCieT. 5 wlis vadiT, debatebis gareSe, faruli kenWisyriT, parlamentis SenobaSi airCevs saarCevno kolegia. saarCevno kolegia Sedgeba 300 e.w xmosnisagan, romelTa Semadgenlobasac cesko daamtkicebs. opoziciur Zalebsa da mosaxleobis nawils saarCevno kolegiis sandoobaSi eWvi epareba. cvlilebis mowi-

naaRmdeebi miiCneven, rom mosaxleobas mmarTveli Zalis winaaRmdeg realur berketsa da ZiriTad uflebas arTmeven. kritikosebis nawili, amasTanave, fiqrobs, rom am gziT xelisufleba ganusazRvreli Zalauflebis xelSi Cagdebas cdilobs da sasurveli kandidatis gaprezidentebas SeZlebs ucvleli rCeba: prezidentis ficis teqsti, absoluturi imuniteti da ceremoniuli uflebamosilebebi. istoriaSi pirvelad, qveyana marTvis Sereul modelze gadadis. rogorc konstitucionalistebi amboben, prezidenti aqamde Tu centraluri figura iyo, axala arbitri gaxda. garda sagangebo an saomari situaciebisa, rodesac is erTpirovnuli mmarTveli xdeba. miuxedavad azrTa sxvadasxvaobisa, es cvlilebebi prezidentis inauguraciis meore dRidan Seva ZalaSi. Cven isRa dagvrCenia, miviRoT es gamowveva da davakvirdeT, ramdenad gaamrTlebs mmarTvelobis axali sistema.

ani nozaZe


kultura

gardasaxva gazeT ,,xedvas” danarTi

ra pavle ingoroyvas 19 nomerSi sami sagamofeno darbazia. erT-erTi maTgani “baia galereaa”. Sesasvleli gzis mxridan ar aqvs. qvafeniliani daRmarTiT ezoSi unda Sexvide, Semdeg kibeebze Caxvide da marjvena mxares SuSis kars dainaxav. kars Tavad giReben da giSveben sivrceSi, romelsac periodulad sxvadasxva mxatvris naxatebi ikavebs. 17 noembers aleqsandre vaSaymaZis personaluri gamofenis jeri iyo. karidan marcxena mxares arsebul pirvel or naxatze Suaxans gadacilebuli uTmo mamakacia gamosaxuli. maTi tanisamosic da naxatis feric muqia. yvrimalebi amosweviaT, saxe naoWebs daufaravs da sevdiani TvalebiT Semogcqerian. am ori emociuri portretis Semdeg, sagamofeno darbazis kedlebs enacvleba peizaJebi, portretebi da naturmortebi. SesvlisTanave xvdebi, rom gamofena Janruli mravalferovnebiT xasieTdeba da maSinve interesi iRviZebs SenSi. Ginda, imwamsve naxo mTeli darbazi, amave dros, TiToeuli maTganisTvis Tvalis mowyveta giWirs da fexs ver icvli. CemSi cnobismoyvareobam imZlavra, maSinve Tvali movavle eqspozicias. rTuli ar iyo darbazis Semovla – is didi ar gaxlavT. roca gamofenaze zogadi warmodgena Seviqmeni, maSin SevniSne, rom galereasTvis uCveulo guguni ismoda. aq aravin dadioda fexakrefiT da arc aravin CurCulebda. STabeWdileba iqmneboda, rom yvela yvelas icnobda. isini guliTadad ikiTxavdnen erTmaneTs da es mokiTxva ar wydeboda: exutebodnen, uRimodnen da saubrobdnen. fotoebs uReben naxatebs da Tavadac pozioroben. Wiqa TeTri Rvino ki damatebiT xibls sZenda

acocxlebs darbazsac, naxatebsac da saubarsac. Nnawili sivrcisa eWira grafikul namuSevrebs. zogierTi maTgani ujrian furcelze iyo Sesrulebuli. maTi umetesoba asaxavda sameurneo scenebs. Tema Cinuri an iaponuri iyo. adamianTa figurebs konusuri formis qudebi exuraT da sxvadasxva saqmiT iyvnen garTulebi. muxlebamde wyalSi mdgari, namgliT da mcenariT xelSi an sulac moseirne figurebi; grafikuls kvlav ferweruli namuSevrebi enacvleboda; weliwadis sxvadasxva dro da sxvadasxva landSafti; alvis xeebis xeivani, oqrosferi Semodgoma, qviSiani sanapiroebi, afriani navebi, zurmuxtisferi talRebi, arqiteqtura da yvaviliani gazafxuli. mxatvris Zebna daviwye, SemTxveviT aRmovaCine, roca saubrobda, ra periodSi risi xatva itacebda. xelovani 24 wlis aRmoCnda, saSualo simaRlis, kexiani cxviriT, Ria feris TmiT da keTili TvalebiT. Savi rolingi, muqi lurji pijaki da jinsis Sarvali ecva. megona, mis CacmulobaSi raime uCveulo iqneboda, Tumca Sevcdi. mxatvari, romelic ambobs, rom is ubralod fizikur samuSaos asrulebs xatvis procesSi, sxva danarCeni, rac naxats acocxlebs, uflisgan boZebuliao, garegnobas yuradRebas arc miaqcevda. male pirveli mediawarmomadgenelic gamoCnda operatoris TanxlebiT. mas kidev ori televizia mohyva, Tan erTdroulad. mxatvari gulwrfelad, xelebiT saubrobda. bednieri iyo da TiToeuli stumris naxva uxaroda. Cemi yuradReba erTma naxatma miipro. masze zRvis sanapiro da Camavali oqrosferi mzea gamosaxuli; sanapiroze frinvelebi daseirnoben. maT

naxats

grZeli kiseri da fexebi aqvT. xmeleTze frinvelebis Savi silueti caSi muqi nacrisferi RrublebiTaa gawonasworebuli. mzis ukanaskneli sxivebi ki sustad, magram mainc dasTamaSeben talRebs. areklili sxivebi Camavali mzis gardasuli didebis niSani gegoneba, an - imedi meore dRes isev gaTenebis. gadaReba mindodad,magram ver movaxerxe: mis win sul xalxi idga da saubrobda, oRond - zurgiT, naxats ar uyurebdnen. albaT, amitomac Camovarda zedized orjer. mesamed Camovardnisas, naxatis CamovardniT Sewuxebulma qalbatonma, meramdened Camovardao, wamoiZaxa. Suaxansmitanebulma mamakacma cali xeli daavlo naxats da nervulad gaaqana meore oTaxSi, sadac saxeldaxelod gaukeTa sakidi da Tavis adgils daubruna. gamofena saintereso aRmoCnda. misi peizaJebi mzis sxivebiTaa gamTbari. mxatvars ainteresebs SuqCrdilis TamaSi. mzis sxivi rogor ecema xes da rogor aRwevs niadagamde. rac mTavaria, mis

namuSevrebSi feri iZens Suqis Zalas da mzis sxivebi, Camavalic ki, Tvals gWris. peizaJebis garda, aqvs portretuli namuSevrebic. maTze stumrebma nacnobebic aRmoaCines da erTmaneTs eubnebodnen, vin iyo daxatuli. maT Soris gansakuTrebiT dasamaxsovrebeli iyo erTmaneTis Tavze dakidebuli ori avtoportreti, orive Ria yavisfer fonze Sesrulebuli. erTi maTgani pirdapir giyurebda, meores Tavi odnav gverdze gadaewia. orive magTans didi wyliani Savi Tvalebi hqonda; saocrad sevdiani. Tvalis moSoreba giWirda da aSkarad zemoqmedebda mnaxvelze. wasvlamde kidev erTxel Semoviare galerea. Mmzis sxivebiT gamTbarma naxatebma guli gamiTbo. SuSis kari amjerad CemiT gavxseni. civ, ganaTebul Ramis qalaqSi gamovedi, Tan sasiamovno SegrZneba momyveboda.

TaTa mirianaSvili

"Cven aq Zalian kargad varT" 20-23 noembers Tbilisis samefo ubnis Teatri polonuri dramis festivals maspinZlobs, romelsac saxelad poloneli reJisoris dorota maslovskas absurduli piesis saTauri “Cven aq Zalian kargad varT” daerqva. piesa aris imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor cxovrobs realurad xalxi poloneTSi, ra problemebis winaSe

dgas qveyana, rogoria politikuri foni da rogor cdilobs poloneTi i povos identoba evropaSi. Ffestivalis farglebSi warmodgenili iqneba axalgazrda poloneli dramaturgebis 7 speqtakli, romelTa nawilsac videospeqtaklis saxiT vixilavT. es mimarTuleba sakmaod popularulia poloneTSi.

organizatoris, mweral daviT gabunias, TqmiT, festivalSi monawileobas miiReben axalgazrda reJisorebi, romlebic poloneTSi cnobilebi arian, Tumca saqarTveloSi maT Sesaxeb araferi viciT. erT-erTi aseTi videospeqtakli - “valentina” 21 noembers iqna warmodgenili. piesa mogviTxrobs pirveli kosmonavti qalis, valentina tereSkovas, Sesaxeb, romlisganac sabWoTa kavSirma Seqmna miTi. piesis mizania daanaxos sazogadoebas tereSkovas realuri cxovreba, Tu ramxela riskze midioda is da ra problemebis winaSe idga. piesis avtoris, voitek firugas, TqmiT, pirveli kosmonavti qalis Sesaxeb ar moiZebneba obieqturi da realuri informacia. marTalia, kosmosidan misi dabrunebis Semdeg daiwera memuarebi, Tumca es misi dawerili ar unda iyos, radgan aSkaraa, rom sabWoTa kavSiris propagandas em-

saxureba. swored es gaxda speqtaklis dadgmis mizezi. mayurebels saSualeba hqonda avtorTan Sexvedrisa da SekiTxvebis dasmis. kiTxvaze, daswrebia Tu ara pirveli kosmonavti qali piesas, sazogadoebam uaryofiTi pasuxi miiRo. festivali 23 noembris CaTvliT

grZeldeba, daswreba Tavisufalia da nebismier msurvels SeeZleba eziaros Tanamedrove polonur dramaturgias.

anna Cexutskaia

17


kultura

xelovneba _ Cemi saxli

saba safareli 1985 wlis pirvel maiss, qalaq axalcixeSi daibada. xatva bavSvobidan uyvarda, Tumca mxolod xatva araa is, ris gamoc misi cxovreba SeiZleba, sainteresod CaiTvalos. 2002 wels, SoTa rusTavelis saSualo skolis damTavrebis Semdeg, 17 wlis saba gaiwvies samxedro samsaxurSi, romlis damTavrebis mere, rogorc Tavad ambobs, misi cxovreba radikalurad Seicvala.

pirveli etapi _ monasteri savaldebulo samxedro samsaxuridan wamosvlis Semdeg misi interesi religiisadmi gaZlierda da 21 wlis asakSi monasterSi wasvla gadawyvita. sasuliero pirebis gverdiT 6 weliwadi gaatara da, arc meti, arc naklebi, eqvs sxvadasxva (safaris, Wulevis, abasTumnis,samwevrisisa da beTaniis) monasterSi icxovra. swored am dros daeufla Teologias da safaris sasuliero seminariac daamTavra. didi xnis ganmavlobaSi surda, rom sasuliero piri gamxdariyo, Tumca misi cxovrebis Semdgomma ganviTarebam am survilze xeli aaRebina. meore etapi _ uzomo siyvaruli xatvisadmi “roca adamiani uflis samsaxurSi midis, yvelaferi gverdiT unda gadados. xatva iseTi ramaa, SeiZleba muzam nebismier dros, Tundac locvisas, Semogitios da es aRar iqneba wrfeli saqme.”

saba TviTnaswavli mxatvaria da, rogorc zemoT mogaxseneT, bavSvobidan xatavs. 2013 wlidan ki mxatvrobam mTeli misi cxovrebas miisakuTra. ambobs, rom yoveldRiurad xatavs da am mcire droSi 2000 namuSevari Seqmna. misi Semoqmedebis mTeli gansakuTrebuloba ki imaSi mdgomareobs, rom yvela naxati marjvena xelis saCvenebeli TiTiTaa Seqmnili. ,,bevri aRniSnavs, rom Cemi stili maqvs. TviTnaswavli var da es, CemTvis, Cveulebrivi ambavia. TiTqmis ar viSvelieb funjebs. vxatav formatsa da tiloze. akrilisa da zeTis garda viyeneb sxva uamrav saSualebas, romelic Cemi mignebaa da ar vamxel,” _ ambobs saba interviuSi. udidesi survili aqvs, rom Sedevrebi Seqmnas da darwmunebulia, rom uflisgan boZebuli niWisa da Sromismoyvareobis wyalobiT, es asec iqneba. mesame etapi _ musika Cveni respondenti yovelTvis axerxebda ramdenime saintereso saqmis erTdroulad keTebas. xatvisa da musikis niWi mas bavSvobidan dahyva. aRsaniSnavia isic, rom misi cxovrebis TiToeuli etapi erTmaneTTan uxilavi ZafiTaa gadajaWvuli. saba mxolod 3 wlisa iyo, roca ukve or xmaSi mReroda. “xalxur simRerebs cnobili lotbari, SoTa alTunaSvili maswavlida. misi didi Sromis Sedegia,rom Tavs Semdgar momRerlad vTvli.” misi moRvaweoba mxolod xalxuri

simRerebiT ar Semoifargleba. saba wlebis ganmavlobaSi swavlobda gitaraze, fandursa da fortepianoze dakvras, xolo Semdeg sakuTar codnas umcros Taobas gadascemda. meoTxe etapi _ awmyo yvela Cvengans erTxel mainc gauvlia Cafiqrebuls rusTavelis gamzirze. fiqrebSi CaZirvaSi xels mxolod quCis musikosebis Semoqmedeba gviSlis. erTerTi jgufi gansakuTrebiT popularulia da uamravi adamianis guli ukve moiges, xolo maTi Semoqmedeba gascda rusTavelis gamzirs da mTeli internet sivrce dai pyro. gagikvirdebaT da, Cveni respondenti jgufis mTavari gitaristi da am saqmis erTerTi mTavari Semoqmedia. gitaris TanxlebiT garSemomyofebis ganebivreba mis yoveldRiur saqmianobad iqca. “quCis musika Cems Zmadnafics, TorRvas ukavSirdeba. es saqme masTan erTad 6-7 Tvis win daviwye da es Cemi cxovrebis axal etapad iqca. TiToeuli wuTi saocari adrenalinia. vfiqrob, Cveni tandemi warmatebulia”, _ gviTxra xelovanma intervius dasasruls. sabas bevri ocneba aqvs. es ocnebebi mis SemoqmedebiT sferos ukavSirdeba. pirveli ram, ris asrulebasac uaxloes momavalSi ecdeba, TeTri roialis SeZenaa.

nika vardaniZe

erTad davReWoT „saReWi ganTiadebi uSaqrod“

zura jiSkariani soxumSi dabadebuli musikosi, poeti, mwerali da performeria. mas popularoba 2007 wels Seqmnil eleqtropop proeqtma “ Kung Fu Junkie ”-m moutana. 2016 wels misi bendis kidev erT wevrTan, maqs maCaiZesTan, erTad hi p-hop dueti “KayaKata“ Seqmna, romelic dRes erT-erT yvelaze warmatebul qarTul proeqtad iTvleba.

zura jiSkariani, ara mxolod musikosia,aramed mas mwerlobac itacebs. ilias universitetis literaturul konkursSi misi romani „saReWi ganTiadebi uSaqrod“ 2016-2017 wlebis saukeTeso qarTul romanad dasaxelda. artisti saintereso ideebis matarebelia da cdilobs, misi es mxare sxvadasxva kuTxiT gamoxatos, iqneba es musika Tu mwerloba da miuxedavad zuras musikaluri karierisa, romelic sazogadoebisTvis metadaa cnobili, me gadavwyvite mis mwerlobaze gavamaxvilo yuradReba, misi romani kiberpankis Janrs ganekuTneba da areuli algoriTmebis gamo, cifrul samyaroSi Semdgar meored mosvlis Sesaxeb mogviTxrobs. -rogor mixvediT mwerlobamde da ra gaxda romanis daweris biZgi TqvenTvis? -Cemi xelovnebis mimarT siyvaruli bavSvobidan modis, musika erTia, magram zogadad wera yovelTvis saintereso iyo. patara rom viyavi, sityvebiT TamaSi da maTi gariTma miyvarda , albaT, aqedan wamovida Cemi mwerlobisadmi trfoba. sityvebs didi Zala aqvs da miuxedavad imisa, rom anbanSi asoebs vkiTu-

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lobT, vqmniT sityvebs da mere am sityvebiT winadadebebs, arseboben adamianebi, romlebic am sityvebs iseTi kombinaciiT gadmogvcemen, rom mTel arsebul realobas Tavdayira gviyeneben. zogadad, magia Zalian miyvars da Cemi azriT, yvelaze axlos masTan swored mwerloba dgas, gansakuTrebiT am multimedia samyaroSi, sadac yvelafers vizualurad aRviqvamT, wignebi mainc gansakuTrebul samyaros qmnian, amitomacaa yvelaze saintereso CemTvis Tavad wignis fenomeni. romanis werac am magiam damawyebina. - romans saintereso saTauri aqvs, rogor SearCieT igi an Tu iyo sxva variantebic? -saTauris mofiqrebasTan dakavSirebiT, raRa dagimaloT da seriozuli problemebi mqonda.uamravi versia Camovwere, rac SeiZleboda gamomeyenebina, vinaidan, saTauri Zalian mniSvnelovania, piradad CemTvisac. kiTvis dros Zalian did mniSvnelobas vaniWeb imas, Tu ra qvia wigns, amitom bevri viwvale. sxvaTaSoris, saTauris SerCevaSi zaza burWulaZe damexmara,

onlainSi vwerdi da maSin SemomTavaza es versia, rogorc ki gaviazre imwamsve mivxvdi, rom es iyo is(icinis) ,rasac veZebdi. -rogori adamiani unda iyo, rom raime Rirebuli Seqmna da xelovani gewodos? -gansxvavebulis da Tan Cveulebrivis kombinacias unda iTavsebde?(icinis). piradad me ,Zalian mravalferovani var da mgonia, rom adamianebs arc ise bevri dro gvaqvs mocemuli cxovrebisTvis , rom raime erT konkretul profesias an interess mivyveT. yvela saxis xelovnebas pativs vcem, CemTvis xelovnebad aRiqmeba isic, vinme saxlSi sadils kargad rom amzadebs. eqsperimentebis Catareba da sxvadasxva sferoSi raRac doneze Careva ukve Zalian kargi ramaa, amitom axalgazrdebs sul magas movuwodeb, rom interesi gazardon zogadad yvelafris mimarT. -saidan iRebs saTaves romanis personaJebi da moqmedebebi? bavSvobidan dawyebuli dRemde. bavSvoba maxsovs ,rogorc guSindeli dRe da guSindeli dRe ufro cudad maxsovs

vidre bavSvoba, rac ar unda ucnaurad JRerdes.zogadad bavSvobaSi bevri emocia modis SeuniRbavi saxiT da xSirad es mtkivneuli gamocdilebaa, magram rac ufro izrdebi, ufro mets fiqrob da RimiliT ixseneb im periods. paradoqsulad bavSvobis mogonebebi kodirebulicaa da roca asakSi Sedixar, sxvanair mniSvnelobas iZens. Cemi personaJebic da moqmedebebic iseTive „Zvelebi“ arian, rogorc me(icinis). -wignSi narkotikebze da maT momxmareblebze aris saubari, TqvenTvis amas raime datvirTva aqvs? -cxovrebiseuli ki, magram ara mniSvnelovani. simarTle giTxraT,CemTvis wignia udidesi narkotiki da aramgonia rame iseTi gamoigonon axlo momavalSi, rac Cems azrs Secvlis am Temaze. -romanSi bevri saintereso idea gaqvT gaJRerebuli, ideebs realobidan iRebT da mere gardaqmniT Tqveni fantaziis nayofad, Tu piriqiT? -razec romanSi vwer, Cemi piradi xedvidan gamomdinareobs da realobasac moicavs, magram roca gavige ,rom raRac idea ,romelic me damebada, ukve viRacam ramdenime dRis Tu Tvis win gaaJRera an ganaxorciela, raRacnairad avforiaqdi, megona Cemsas marTmevdnen ise, rom me verafers vakeTebdi da wignis gamocemac magitom davaCqare, rom ase vTqvaT ideebi, romlebic amdeni weli damigrovda, damepatentebina Cemi saxeliT. cota ar iyos ucnaurad JRers xom? (icinis), magram marTla ar mindoda Cemi azrebi dagvianebiT gad-

momeca, Sesabamisad realoba did rols TamaSobs Cems romanSi, miuxedavad imisa, rom realoba fantastikur JanrSria gaxveuli. amitom, swori pasuxi kiTxvaze ar arsebobs. -Tqven bevrjer axsenebT Tbiliss da situacias qveyanaSi, ra gindaT mkiTxvels gauziaroT Tqveni piradi dakvirvebebidan gamomdinare? -saqarTvelos da konkretulad Tbiliss iseTi mxare aqvs,raRac momentSi adamianebs Zalian cudad agrZnobinebs Tavs. TiTqos ar Cans, magram, rogorc lods patara wylis wveTebi apobs, ase nel-nela da SeparviT xdeba yvelaferi realurad Cvens cxovrebaSi. gareT rom gaxvide da adamianebs gamoelaparako ubralod, an cota xniT daakvirde xalxis nakads, mixvdebi, rom es adamianebi Tavs komfortulad ar grZnoben da Tu vinme am qveyanaSi komfortulad grZnobs Tavs, Cemi azriT, cota aranormaluria (icinis). me ver vxvdebi, rogor SeiZleba Cveni qveynis fonze absolutur komfortSi iyo, Tu rame ar Seicvala. konkretulad Tbilisze maqvs saubari, igi momakvdavi qalaqia da mere ra, rom amdeni weli „medgrad idga „es imas ar niSnavs, rom xvalac idgeba. romic idga amdeni xani da ki iciT, rac daemarTa, ase rom, risgan varT dazRveulebi?(iRimis). xalxisTvis imis Tqma minda, rom raRac unda SevcvaloT da cvlilebebi Cvens TavSi unda davnergoT.

lika mesxiSvili


kultura

katini - ,,dRe gansakuTrebulad daiwyo“ „dilis 5 saaTi. ganTiadidanve dRe gansakuTrebulad daiwyo. Ggamgzavreba cixisfur gonebis saknebSi. Mmigviyvanes sadRac tyeSi, raRac sazafxulo agarakis magvarSi. Aaq gansakuTrebulad gagvCxrikes. CamomarTves saaTi, romelic aCvenebda 6 saaTsa da 30 wuTs. moikiTxes saqorwino beWedi...waiRes rublebi, qamari da jayva. ra gvelis?“, - maior adam solskis ubis wignakSi es Canaweri jer kidev manam gakeTda, sanam 22 000 poloneli jariskaci im genocidis msxverpli gaxdeboda, romelic istoriaSi „katinis xocva-Jletis“ saxeliT Sevida. saqarTvelos simon janaSias saxelobis erovnuli muzeumis okupaciis darbazSi 6-dan 30 noembris CaTvliT swored katinis tragediis msxverpli poloneli jariskacebis ambavi cocxldeba. 1939 wlis 17 seqtembers sabWoTa kavSiri poloneTs omis gamoucxadeblad daesxa Tavs, agvistoSi ki dakave-

bebic daiwyo. sabWoTa tyveobaSi poloneli jariskacebi, oficrebi, policielebi, usafrTxoebis samsaxuris TanamSromlebi da samSoblos dasacavad mowodebuli inteligencia: eqimebi, mecnierebi, inJinrebi, advokatebi da mwerlebi moxvdnen. isini oStaSkovskis, kozilskisa da starobelskis banakebSi gadaanawiles, sadac mZime pirobebSi uwevdaT yofna: sicive, SimSili, yoveldRiuri Cxreka-TvalTvali, mudmivi dakiTxvebi. Ggamofenis koncefcia informaciulsa da istoriul cnobebTan erTad, mniSvnelovan artefaqtebsac moicavs, maT Soris daRupuli jariskacebis pirad nivTebsa da werilebs, romlebsac isini ojaxis wevrebs saxlSi dabrunebis imediT swerdnen. poloneli jariskacis, bogumil puxalskis, werili ojaxs: „usayvarlesebo! am dromde uvnebeli da janmrTeli var da iqneb, RvTis wyalobiT, male davbrunde saxlSi. ase rom, ar inerviuloT Cem gamo. Zalian gTxovT, ar damiviwyoT. Tqveni bogdani.“ stanslav kliSis werili mSoblebs: „sayvarelo mSoblebo, uvnebeli da janmrTeli var. minda gavigo, Tqvenc xom yvelani kargad xarT, rogor midis Tqveni saqmeebi, amitom Zalian gTxovT, rac SeiZleba xSirad momwereT,rom didxans ar davrCe cnobebis gareSe. imedi maqvs, erTmaneTs male SevxvdebiT. didi siyvaruliT,Tqveni stasi.“ am imediT savse werilebis avtorebma arc ki uwyodnen,

rom 1940 wlis gazafxulze xelisuflebam sabWoTa uSiSroebis samsaxuris maSindeli xelmZRvanelis lavrenti berias wardginebiTa da ioseb stalinis brZanebiT poloneli jariskacebis likvidaciis gadawyvetileba miiRo, maT sabWoTa mTavrobis mtrobaSi edebodaT brali. 1940 wlis aprilidan maisis CaTvliT xarkovis Sinagan saqmeTa saxalxo komisariatis sardafebSi, smolenskis, kievisa da kalininis raionebSi yoveldRiurad 250 polonel oficers xvretdnen. 3 wlis ganmavlobaSi ugzo-ukvlod gauCinarebuli poloneli jariskacebis Sesaxeb ojaxis wevrebma araferi icodnen, Tumca 1943 wels smolenskis olqSi, kerZod, sofel katinis tyeSi germanelebma adamianTa ConCxebi aRmoaCines, eqspertizis Sedegad ki dadginda, rom aq poloneli oficrebi iyvnen damarxuli, romlebic 1940 wels daxvrites. komunistebis mier ganxorcielebuli genocidis Sesaxeb mTelma msofliom Seityo, Tumca sabWoTa xelisuflebam es braldeba kategoriulad uaryo da mTeli Zalisxmeva germanelebis dadanaSaulebisaken mimarTa. Kkatinis tragedia propagan-

disa da urTierTbraldebebis sagnad iqca. aqtiurad daiwyo kvalis dafarva. am mizniT sabWoTa xelisuflebam belarusiis sofel xatinSi memorialic gaxsna, romelic germaniis mier 1943 wlis 22 marts xatinSi mowyobil xocva-Jletas mieZRvna. am movlenas, Tavis mxriv, katinis tragedia unda gadaefara, Tumca xangrZlivi dumili sabWoTa xelisuflebis saTaveSi mixeil gorbaCovis mosvlis Semdeg dasrulda. 1990 wlis 13 aprils gorbaCovma poloneTis prezidents, voicex iaruzelskis, is dokumentebi gadasca, romlebic katinis xocva-JletaSi sabWoTa xelisuflebas akisrebda pasuxismgeblobas. Ggamofena katinis tragediaze saqarTveloSi poloneTis erovnuli fondis mxardaWeriT imarTeba. slavomir fratCaki,katinis muzeumis direqtori: „ka tinis xocva-Jletis faqti tragikuli ambavia mTeli kacobriobisTvis, radgan uamravi samxedro piri da policieli sasamarTlo ganaCenis gareSe daxoces. ruseTi cdilobda, es genocidi germaniisTvis gadaebralebina. am gamofenis erT-erTi mizanic swored isaa, rom vicodeT, Tu ra moxda realurad, amitom

gvsurda es ambavi qarTveli xalxisTvis gagvecno, radgan poloneTsa da saqarTvelos ruseTTan dakavSirebiT bevri saerTo aqvT. Ees dRe gansakuTrebulia poloneTisTvis, polonuri jarisa da katinis muzeumisTvis“, - aRniSna fratCakim telekompania “maestrosTan“ saubarSi. Ggamofenis mniSvnelobas xazi gausva agreTve saqarTvelos simon janaSias saxelobis erovnuli muzeumis direqtorma, daviT lorTqifaniZem, „pirveli arxisTvis“ micemul interviuSi: „es aris Zalian kargi gakveTili imisa, rom istorias ver damalav. SeiZleba, erTi mxriv, SeZlo misi interpretacia, magram dro simarTles mainc gamoaaSkaravebs. simboluria isic, rom es gamofena swored aq, sabWoTa okupaciis muzeumSi imarTeba.“ 22 000 poloneli jariskacis xsovnisadmi miZRvnili 22 simboluri paneliT moTxrobili istoria, videomasala, romelSic daRupuli oficrebis Svilebi sakuTari TvaliT danaxul omsa da mamebs ixsneben, sicocxlis bolo wuTebSi gakeTebuli Canawerebi – es katinis tragediaa, dRe, romelic gansakuTrebulad daiwyo.

nanuka qaCibaia

Tbilisis arqiteqturuli katastrofa Tbilisis arqiteqturas kritikulad afasebs The Guardian-is Jurnalisti. sakmaod vrcelsa da ironiul statias uZRvnis Tbilisis arqiteqturasa da ,,kamikaZe” miSenebebs. saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis centri didi xnis ganmavlobaSi iyo egoebis saTamaSo, magram, amdeni xnis Semdeg, SeZlebs ki is, gamoiwvios debatebi qalaqis momavalTan dakavSirebiT?

Tbilisze saubrisas Znelia gamovtovoT avTvisebiani kibos msgavsi SuSis nagebobebi, romlebic saqarTvelos yofili prezidentis, mixeil saakaSvilis, dros aSenda. aseve dedaqalaqSi ixilavT TeTri furclebis grovas, romelic Zalian bevr krevets waagavs, isini TiTqos viRacam did SuSis yuTze dayara, swored am nagebobas hqvia iusticiis saxli. mdinaresTan SevxvdebiT mSvidobis xids, romelsac qarTvelebi ,,olveis ultras” adareben, swored misi samwuxaro msgavsebis gamo safenebTan. iqve dainaxavT or mils, romlebic erTdeba da sakoncerto darbazsa da sagamofeno centrs qmnis,iseT STabeWdilebas SegiqmniT, TiTqos daumTavrebeli da mitove-

bulia. es yvelaferi erTad ki tragikomedias mogagonebT, romelic Zalian kargad Cans prezidentis sasaxlidanac. ,,9 wlis ganmavlobaSi Cven gvyavda prezidenti, romelic dainteresebuli iyo arqiteqturiT da man aaSena es ,,simaxinjeebi” qalaqSi da aseve gaanadgura qalaqis memkvidreoba, maT Soris dasasvenebeli skverebic, es namdvili katastrofa iyo. saakaSvili mefesaviT iqceoda, iRebda raRac proeqts, rac moewoneboda da yovelgvari diskusiis gareSe akeTebda” -The Guardian-Tan saubrisas ambobs irakli Jvania, adgilobrivi arqiteqtori. ,,1990-iani wlebidan iwyeba TbilisSi aseTi arqiteqturis Semodineba. qarTul sazogadoebaSi Zalian cotas saubroben arqiteqturis Sesaxeb. bolo dros xalxma daiwyo gamoRviZeba da imis gaazreba, rom maTi garemo nadgurdeba, magram isini am problemis mogvarebasTan dakavSirebiT ver xedaven alternatiul gzebs.” - ganacxada TinaTin gurgeniZem. mixeil saakaSvili kriminaluri braldebebis gamo axla devnilis statusiT cxovrobs holandiaSi, magram misi fizikuri memkvidreoba TbilisSi mainc igrZnoba, rac man datova axla sxvebma aitaces. 2012 wels saqarTveloSi yvelaze mdidari kacis xelSi aRmoCnda yvelaferi, saubaria qveynis yofil premierministr biZina ivaniSvilze. misi uzarmazari rezidencia „halkiviT“ gadmohyurebs Tbiliss zemodan, mas aseve aqvs sakuTari zooparki da botanikuri baRi. es yvelaferi mas ar hyofnis da daiwyo ,,panorama Tbilisis’’ mSenebloba meore goraze, sadac ZviradRirebuli sastumro, kortebi

da sabagiroebi iqneba warmodgenili. Bbritaneli samoqalaqo aqtivisti, jozef aleqsandr smiti, romelic eqvsi wlis ganmavlobaSi cxovrobda TbilisSi, saubrobs garemosdacviT aqtivobebze, sagzao problemebze, dabinZurebasa da qveynis unayofo ganviTarebaze. ,,qarTvelebma, faqtobrivad, ukve dakarges mirza Safis quCa da axla politikosebs imis ganadgurebac surT, rac darCa. yvela adamians aqvs ufleba, isunTqos da fanjridan gaxedvisas ar dainaxos axalaSenebuli kedlebi”’- ganacxada jozef smitma. gurgeniZem The Guardian-Tan saubrisas aseve ganacxada, rom qarTvelma xalxma axla dainaxa, Tu ra katastrofis motana SeuZlia am nagebobebs, maT ukve gaanadgures Cveni memkvidreoba, mTebi da landSafti, magram kvlav ar aris naTeli, risTvis Sendeba es 7-varskvlaviani sastumroebi. man da misma TanadamfuZneblebma gadawyvites, yuradReba gaemaxvilebinaT ara qalaqis centrze, aramed gareubanze, kerZod ki gldanze, sadac ZiriTadad Cveulebrivi mosaxleoba cxovrobs da

sabWoTa kavSiris dros aSenebul saxlebs ,,kamikaZe” miSenebebiT avseben. sacxovrebeli sivrcis gazrdis mizniT gldanSi 1960-ian wlebSi aSenebul saxlebs SevxvdebiT, romlebSic xSiria sakmaod saSiSi miSenebebi, avtofarexebi ki ZiriTadad sacxobebad aqvT gadakeTebuli. gldans xalxis didi raodenoba 1960-iani wlebidan moawyda, radgan afxazeTidan gamoqceulma devnilebma Seafares Tavi. amerikeli arqiteqtori jesi vagleri The Guardian-Tan saubrisas ambobs: ,,gldani didi xania, rac Tbilisis komfortis zonis gareT aris darCenili.” aucilebelia cota naklebi yuradReba mieqces konceptualur xelovnebas da meti diskusia gaimarTos qalaqis gadaudebel problemebTan dakavSirebiT. garda amisa, mniSvnelovania, qveyanaSi ganxorcieldes myari arqiteqturuli cvlilebebi.

statia Guardian-idan Targmna mariam abazaSvilma

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kultura

"arizonuli ocneba" anu gaqceva CrdiloeT polusze emir kusturicam „arizonuli ocneba“ 1993 wels gadaiRo amerikis SeerTebul StatebSi. filmma vercxlis daTvi miiRo 43-e berlinaleze. aqseli - filmis mTavari gmiri, bednierad cxovrobs niu iorkSi, sanam misi arizoneli biZa qorwilSi ar dapatiJebs da arizonaSi Casvlis Sesaxeb ar daelaparakeba. aqseli biZis Txovnas asrulebs da daniSnulebis adgilze Casvlisas kidev erTi siurprizi xvdeba.. biZas unda igi saojaxo biznesSi CarTos. mas ki sxva gza ar aqvs, daTanxmdeba, gaicnobs Zalian saintereso deda-Svils da maTTan sasiyvarulo romans gaabams. diax, swored rom maTTan, radgan aqseli filmis ganmavlobaSi ver Camoyalibdeba deda-Svilidan romeli uyvars, romeli sZuls, romlis eSinia da Tavgzaareuli xan erTs uSenebs aeroplans da xan meores eficeba siyvaruls. sinamdvileSi, aqseli bavSvia, infantilurad azrovnebs da ar aqvs realurad gansjis unari. Cemi azriT, mas eSinia elenisa da greisis, amitomac xan eCveneba, rom giJdeba maTze, xan kidev - gaqceva unda, sadRac Sors, CrdiloeT polusze. filmis yurebisas mayurebels moeCveneba, rom elenisa da aqselis siyvaruli gulwrfelia, radgan igi aRsavsea infantilizmiTa da TeTri feriT, Tumca es mxolod fasadia, amis ukan dganan areuli da Camouyalibebeli, fsiqikurad SeSlili adamianebi, romlebic cdiloben „raRacis“ Seqmnas, Tumca yoveli mcdelobisas aqselis aeroplaniviT Zirs eSvebian. Semdeg iwyeba uxilavi Zafis gabma greisTan, romelsac gamudmebiT Tavis CamoxrCobis survili aqvs da Tavis fsiqikur aSlilobas mimikebis saSualebiT gamoxatavs (minda aRvniSno msaxiob lili teiloris araCveulebrivi TamaSi). aqseli xvdeba, rom greisic sakmaod saintereso adamiania da masTan urTierTobis dawyebis survils kocniT gamoxatavs, Tumca, swored es aRmoCndeba bolo marcvali gogonasTvis. igi icvams TeTr kabas, romelsac, ra Tqma unda, simboluri datvirTva aqvs da TavsxmaSi gadis gareT, Tan iaraRs waiRebs da Tavis sicocxles goran bregoviCis „sikvdilis“ fonze asrulebs. filmSi Serwymulia tragedia da komedia. komedias xom yvelaze kargad miaqvs saTqmeli sazogadoebasTan da amavdroulad, yvelaze didi tragediac mis ukan imaleba.. asea „ari-

20

martooba frangulad, anu ra SesaZlebloba aqvs kunZuls? “iyavi sazizRari da iqnebi namdvili”- swored aseTia miSelis literaturuli kredo, ris gamoc xSirad gamxdara kritikosebis msxverpli da ara marto. mas xSirad sdeben brals qalTmoZuleobasa da islamofobiaSi, am ukanasknels ki Tavad uelbekic aRiarebs.

zonul ocnebaSic“. igi gajerebulia sigiJiT da swored sigiJis zRvarze aRmocenebuli sikvdilis surviliT, moCvenebiTi siyvaruliT, sinaziTa da amasTan erTad zizRiT. am did areulobas bregoviCis saocari musika emateba da mayurebeli bolomde efloba arizonul garemoSi. garemoSi, romelic savsea ocnebebiT gafrenaze, srulyofil urTierTobebze, siyvarulze, CrdiloeT polussa da Tevzebze.. - „Tevzi xom arasdros ityueba da arc nagavSi curavs, adamianebi ki erTsac akeTeben da meoresac..“ emir kusturica gamoirCeva Tavisi saxasiaTo xelweriT, saintereso personaJebiT, balkanuri iumoriT, satiriTa da, rac mTavaria, im didi azriT, romelic mis yvela filmSia Cadebuli. kusturicas gmirebi xSirad sikvdilTan gansakuTrebul siaxloves ganicdian: gamudmebiT Tavs ixrCobs „boSaTa Jamis“ gmiri ferhani, “miwisqveSeTis“ ivane, aseve „arizonuli ocnebis“ greisi, Tumca ara.. greisi ar mokvdeba! igi erT mSvenier dRes kud iqceva, ku xom yovelTvis bednieria, amitomac greisi am erTi mSvenieri dRis dadgomas siurprizad ar daelodeba da TviTon moiyvans. reJisoris filmebi sruldeba ZiriTadi ideiT, rom sicocxle grZeldeba, ar aqvs mniSvneloba es am samyaroSi iqneba, Tu mis miRma. dRevandel realobaSi mcxovrebTaTvis yoveldRiuri absurdi grZeldeba, xolo gmirebi, romlebic toveben mas, iwyeben yvelaze diads - maTTvis axali sicocxle iRebs saTaves, isini iseT cxovrebas iwyeben, rogorzec yovelTvis ocnebobdnen. reJisoris gmirTa umravlesobisTvis sikvdili mxolod sicocxlis dasawyisia, sicocxlis, romelic arasdros dasruldeba da iqneba imisgan gansxvavebuli, rac maT ukve odesRac, igive sxeulSi

gamomwyvdeulebma, gaiares..

TaTuli wereTeli

pirveli farTomaStabiani gamoxmaureba “brZolis velis ganvrcobam” gamoiwvia, rasac mohyva “elementaruli nawilakebi” da “platforma”, Tumca, dRes visaubreb wignze, romelic vfiqrob saukeTesoa mwerlis SemoqmedebaSi. “kunZulis SesaZlebloba”-swored ase hqvia wigns,romlis pirveli gverdebidanac mkiTxvels dauZleveli interesis da saocari martoobis grZnoba eufleba. avtori or samyaroSi migvaqanebs,romlis mTavari personaJic komikosi danielia (xolo meore SemTxvevaSi misi kloni), saSinlad egoisti da indiferentuli garSemomyofebis mimarT (cit: “im dRes, roca Cemma vaJma Tavi moikla, CemTvis erbokvercxi movimzade pamidvriT”) rogorc “morCilebis” avtorma

migvaCvia am wignSic personaJebi sufTa evropelebi arian, amitom danielsac ar hyavs ojaxi, Svilis magivrobas ZaRli uwevs, misi urTierTobebi Zalian cotaxans grZeldeba da ZiriTadad damokidebulia seqsualuri partnioris fizikur formebze. zogadad,iseve rogorc misi yvela wigni, xsenebulic perversiulia da xSirad isec xdeba, rom mkiTxvels uWirs sakmaod bevri porno pasaJisa da siZulvilis filosofiis miRma evropis realuri saxis danaxva. miSeli xom “super” realistia da mTeli sisaZagliT aRwers, samyaros wamyvani, evropuli sazogadoebis degradacias da yoveli misi teqsti gafrTxilebaa am sazogadoebisTvis. ver vityvi, rom wigni erTi amosunTqviT ikiTxeba,albaT mkiTxvels mainc dasWirdeba garkveuli dro,rom bolomde CasWidos xeli uelbeks da misi specifikuri weris stils bolomde moargos sakuTari goneba. “kunZulis SesaZlebloba~ ara mxolod savaraudo momavalia evropis (avtoris azriT), aramed sazogadoebis axleburi gaazreba, romliTac miSeli bevr Tanamemamule filosofossac exmianeba. imis miuxedavad, rom wigni moklebulia garkveul esTetikas, is mainc saocrad lamazi epizodiT mTavrdeba da amas garda bevrjerac agatirebT da gagakvirvebT personaJebis damokidebuleba sxvadasxva sakiTxis mimarT. unda icodeT,rom miSel uelbeki erT-erTia im Tanamedrove mwerlebs Soris, romlebic saocari moralistobiT gamoirCevian, is erTdroulad modernisticaa da konservatic. Mmisi teqstebisadmi interesi dRiTidRe izrdeba, vfiqrob, interesi qarTul sazogadoebaSic maRalia, radgan misi TiTqmis yvela wigni qarTul enazec iTargmna.

melano mesxi

qarTuli saxviTi xelovnebis muzeumi Tbiliss Seemata kulturis axali centri -qarTuli saxviTi xelovnebis muzeumi, romelic qveynis RirsSesaniSnaobaTa Soris mniSvnelovan adgils imkvidrebs. muzeumi mnaxvelebs 3 oqtombridan maspinZlobs, mis daarsebas didi istoria aqvs. misi damfuZneblebi, gia joxTaberiZe da manana SevardnaZe, wlebis ganmavlobaSi agrovebdnen qarTveli mxatvrebis namuSevrebs. muzeumis Seqmnis idea wamovida iqidan, rom saqarTveloSi Zalian bevri niWieri mxatvari gvyavda da gvyavs, magram imis gamo, rom muzeumi ar arsebobda, naxatebi gahqondaT sazRvargareT da yiddnen iafad. 1940-iani wlebidan dawyebuli dRemde Segrovebuli da warmodgenilia 88 mxatvris 6000 namuSevari. aqedan gamofenilia 2000, xolo 4000 sacavSia. muzeumi pasuxobs msoflio standartebis Sesabamis yvela pirobas, rogorc mdgradobis, aseve temperaturuli reJimis da ganaTebis TvalsazrisiT. muzeumis sagamofeno sivrce moicavs 7000 kvadratul metrs, misi unikaluri sacavi ki 6000 kvadratuli metris suraTebs itevs. muzeumSi aseve aris 300 kvadratuli metri farTis saeqspozicio darbazi droebiTi gamofenebisTvis, sivrces aqvs 120-kaciani sakonferencio darbazi. muzeumis fasadze ganTavsebulia arwivis skulptura. es aris muzeumis simbolo, romelic Seqmnilia arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad, vanis qvabebSi aRmoCenili sami mcire zomis arwivis qandakebis mixedviT. q muzeumSi arsebul koleqcias peri-

odulad axali namuSevrebi Seemateba da mudmivi eqspoziciis garda droebiTi gamofenebic gaimarTeba. muzeums didi mniSvneloba aqvs, rogorc qarTveli sazogadoebisTvis, ise ucxoeli damTvaliereblebisTvis, raTa warmodgena SeeqmnaT qarTul kulturaze. garda sagamofeno darbazebisa, muzeums aqvs ’’muzeumkafe’’ da maRazia, aseve miwisqveSa avtofarexi , romelic 200mde manqanazea gaTvlili. muzeumis Senoba aris 5-sarTuliani da TiToeuli sarTuli gansxvavdeba wlovanebis mixedviT, dawyebuli 40-iani wlebidan dRevandeli dRis CaTvliT. qarTuli saxviTi xelovnebis muzeumi mnaxvelebs kviraSi 6 dRis ganmavlobaSi 10:00-19:00 saaTebSi maspinZlobs, garda orSabaTisa. standartuli bileTis fasi 15 laria. moqmedebs 50%-iani fasdakleba pensionrebze, studentebsa da moswavleebze.

Tamar canava


kultura

fotogamofena - ,,tramvai TbilisSi’’ ukve ramdenime dRea Tbilisis quCebSi aqcia saxelwodebiT ,,tramvai TbilisSi” imarTeba. aqvias metad originaluri saxe aqvs. igi warmodgenilia fotogamofenis saxiT, swored im quCebSi, sadac adre tramvai dadioda. noembris Sua ricxvebSi, zustad im dros, rodesac qalaqis quCebSi winasaarCevno cieb-cxelebaa da saarCevno plakatebs, maTze gamosaxuli Rimiliani prezidentobis kandidatebiT, TiTqmis yovel fexis nabijze vxvdebiT. axla ki, swored am plkatebis gverdiT, gaCnda Zveli Tbilisis fotoebic. aqcia ,,axalgazrda mwvaneebis” organizebiT tardeba da maTi mizani TbilisSi tramvais dabrunebaa.

,,axagazrda mwvaneebi” Tbilisis ramdenime quCaSi gabneul gamofenas gvTavazobs. fotogamofena 10 noembridan daiwyo da misi daTvaliereba dRis nebismier monakveTSi rva sxvadasxva lokaciazea SesaZlebeli.

avtomobilebisa da mgzavrTa raodenobis intensiuri matebis gamo Tbiliss aqvs satransporto problemebi, romelTa gadawyvetisaTvis saWiroa sazogadoebrivi transportis ganviTareba. amisaTvis aucilebelia tramvais sistemis Seqmna.

tramvai flobs mraval Rirsebas: maRali gamtarunarianoba, ekologiuroba, ekonomiuroba, usafrTxoeba da moxerxebuloba SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis pirTaTvis”, - acxadeben ,,axalgazrdamwvaneebi”socialurqselSi.

Tavisuflebis moednis 4 nomerTanac daaxloebiT igive suraTia: kedelze mikruli Tavisuflebis moednis foto, tramvais gaCerebuli kadriTa da imave warweriT. quCaSi adamianebi moZraoben, fotos xan kaci Cauvlis, xan qali, xanac bavSvi. wamierad mokraven Tvals da gzas agrZeleben.

rusTavelis gamziris 37-Si, gvirabis SesasvlelTan erT-erTi maTgania. fotos SemCneva Soridanac SeimCneva, miaxloebisas ki vxedavT masze aRbeWdil rusTavelis gamzirze mimavali tramvais kadrsa da warweras: ,,ramdenime wlis win am quCaze gadioda tramvai”.

saqarTveloSi pirveli eleqtrotramvai 1904 wels gaCnda da mas Semdeg erTi saukunis ganmavlobaSi funqcionirebda - manam, sanam 2006 wlis dekemberSi tramvais ukanaskneli xazi ar gauqmda.

,,axagazrda mwvaneebi” Tbilisis ramdenime quCaSi gabneul gamofenas gvTavazobs. fotogamofena 10 noembridan daiwyo da misi daTvaliereba dRis nebismier monakveTSi rva sxvadasxva lokaciazea SesaZlebeli.

TamTa firanaSvili

21


sporti

nika kvekveskiri: „nakrebis yvelaze didi gamarjveba gulSematkivris tribunebze dabrunebaa“ saqarTvelos safexburTo nakrebma erTa ligis turniris jgufur etapze eqvsi Sexvedridan xuTi moigo da erTi fred daasrula. amas isic emateba, rom qarTvelebma 12-jer SeZles metoqisTvis golis gatana da mxolod ori burTi miiRes TavianT karSi. Sedegad, Cvenma nakrebma oTxgundian jgufSi pirveli adgili daikava da erTa ligis plei-ofSi gavida. vladimer vaisis gawvrTnili biWebis morigi metoqe belarusi iqneba. aRniSnuli matCi 2020 wlis martSi gaimarTeba. am barieris daZlevis SemTxvevaSi, isini kosovosa da makedonias Soris gamarjvebuls daupirispirdebian. Tu finalsac moigebs saqarTvelo, istoriaSi pirvelad iTamaSebs evropis Cempionatze. Nnaxsenebi turniris jgufur etapze asparezobis Semdeg, Cven davukavSirdiT nakrebis ZiriTadi Semadgenlobis wevrs, nika kvekveskirs da masTan interviu CavwereT. -rogor Seafaseb saqarTvelos gamosvlas erTa ligis jgufur etapze? - calsaxad, dadebiTad! nakrebi Zalian gaizarda am turnirze. viswavleT im TamaSebis mogeba, romlebSic favoritebad viTvlebiT da, rac mTavaria, zewolisa da fsiqologiuri wnexis fonze, ar vkargavT Tavdajerebas. magram yvelaze didi gamarjveba mainc is mgonia, rom xalxs vabrunebT tribunebze, rac CvenTvis da, zogadad, qarTuli fexburTisTvis aucilebelia. - gundma aRniSnul Sejibrebaze Catarebul eqvs matCSi mxolod ori goli gauSva. Tanac, mSrali seria maSin Sewyda, roca jgufidan gasvla ganaRdebuli gqondaT. risi damsaxurebaa aseTi statistika? - am yvelafrisTvis samwvrTnelo Stabis da fexburTelebis Zalian didi energia

daixarja. mSralad Senaxuli karic da gatanili golic, xSir SemTxvevaSi, mTlianad gundis damsaxurebaa da ara romelime konkretuli adamianis. magram Cveni mekare da mcvelebi aSkarad gamoirCevian TavianTi klasiT mTel ligaSi. - 2017 wels saqarTvelos nakrebma 12 matCi gamarTa, saidanac 3 moigo, 5 fred daasrula da 4-Si damarcxda. xolo, wels Catarebuli 10 dapirispirebidan, 8-Si Cvenma gundma gaimarjva; iyo erTi fre andorasTan da erTi wageba luqsemburgTan. Seni azriT, es Sedegi mxolod imis damsaxurebaa, rom SedarebiT sust gundebs veTamaSeT 2018 wels? Tu sxva faqtorebisac? - iyo dro, roca sust nakrebebTanac Zalian gviWirda TamaSi. dRes ki gunds daubrunda rwmena: fexburTelebi moedanze Tavdajerebulni da gamarjvebaSi darwmunebulni gadian. swored es aris am warmatebis erT-erTi mizezi. evropis Cempionatis SesarCevi etapi axlovdeba da

zustad mand gamoCndeba Cveni nakrebis Zala. Zalian gvainteresebs, ra doneze vimyofebiT am etapze. - vladimer vaisis xelSi nakrebma aSkara progresi ganicada, rasac statistika asaxavs. ra mogwons yvelaze metad am specialistSi? - misgan udides mxardaWeras da ndobas vgrZnob. darwmunebuli var, analogiurs getyviT TiToeuli fexburTeli. gundSi megobruli atmosferoa da es vaisis udidesi damsaxurebaa. slovakma mwvrTnelma SeZlo da alRo auRo qarTul mentalitets. rac Seexeba saTamaSo aspeqtebs, bevrs ar visaubreb, radgan Sedegebi da TamaSis xarisxi amaze kargad metyvelebs. - erTa ligaze giorgi CakvetaZe gundis liderad Camoyalibda: eqvs SexvedraSi oTxi goli gaitana da ori asistic miiTvala. Seafase giorgis asparezoba; Seni azriT, SeuZlia ufro Zlier gundebTanac nakrebis erT-erTi lideri iyos?

- rac ufro naklebs vilaparakebT gioze, albaT, ukeTesi iqneba. is unda koncentrirdes uSualod fexburTze. CakvetaZe aris didi talantis mqone adamiani. msgavsi niWis demonstracia am asakSi, piradad me, ar minaxavs. imedia, iTamaSebs im doneze, rom misiT viamayoT. mTeli nakrebi exmareba gios imaSi, rom gamoavlinos Tavisi SesaZleblobebi: veubnebiT, ar inerviulos TamaSis dros daSvebul Secdomebze, yovelTvis gamoiCinos agresia. vexmarebiT, raTa Tavi warmoaCinos saukeTesod, rac sabolood, nakrebs adgeba. - 2020 wlis martSi, erTa ligis naxevarfinalSi belarusis erovnul gunds davupirispirdebiT. Seafase, ra Sansebi gvaqvs, rom am nakrebis barieri davZlioT? -Cemi azriT, Zalian adrea amaze saubari. damijereT, gundSi aravin ar fiqrobs belarusze. win SesarCevi etapia da mjera, rom saqarTvelos am formaciis nakrebi iqac ityvis Tavis Rirseul

sityvas. - erTa ligaze warmatebulma gamosvlam moitana is, rom meoTxe kalaTSi aRmovCndiT. Sesabamisad, 2020 wlis evropis Cempionatis sakvalifikacio etapis jgufSi Cvenze susti ukve ori metoqe iqneba. am faqtoridan da, aseve, gundis formidan gamomdinare, did sanakrebo turnirze sakvalifikacio etapidan gasvlis rogori Sansi gvaqvs? - Tu am logikiT vimsjelebT, gamodis, rom jgufSi Cvenze ukeTesi 3 gundi aucileblad iqneba. aranairi mniSvneloba ar aqvs Tanamedrove sanakrebo reitingebs: imas, vin romel poziciazea da furcelze vin ufro Zlieria. yvelaferi wydeba mindorze da darwmunebuli var, rom Cven yvelas gavuwevT Rirseul winaaRmdegobas. Sansebze saubari, zogadad, ar miyvars. ubralod, unda vkoncentrirdeT konkretul TamaSze. Sansebi da SesaZleblobebi ki TavisiT mova. - erTa ligis matCebze “dinamo arenas” tribunebi, faqtobrivad, mayurebliT ivseboda. daswrebis mxriv, D ligaSi saukeTeso maCvenebeli gvqonda. intervius bolos, ras etyvi im erTgul gulSematkivars, romlis damsaxurebacaa aseTi statistika? - vTqvi, rom yvelaze didi gamarjveba qarTveli xalxis tribunebze dabrunebaa. zogadad, optimisturi fonia Cvens garSemo da es aucileblad unda SevinarCunoT. gulSematkivris winaSe mTeli gundi qeds vixriT. Cven varT saqarTvelos nakrebi, TiToeuli qarTvelis nakrebi da mxolod erTad, yvela qarTvelTan erTad SegviZlia warmatebis miRweva. gagvakritikeT, roca amis Rirsebi viqnebiT, magram zurgi ar gvaqcioT. kidev erTxel didi madloba yvela gulSematkivars!

kaxa yifiani

interviu pirvel qarTvel sambist qalTan sambisti nino oZelaSvili saqarTvelos saxeliT moaspareze pirveli qalia, vinc Widaobis saxeobaSi msoflio Cempionis tituli miiRo. man es tituli 9 noembers, buqarestSi mimdinare sambos msoflio Cempionatze moi pova da sakuTar karierasa da saqarTvelos sportis istoriaSi, umniSvnelovanesi gamarjveba Cawera. evropis orgzis Cempionma oZelaSvilma finalSi, 72 kg-ian woniT kategoriaSi rumineli metoqe daamarcxa. _ pirvel yovlisa, gilocavT istoriul gamarjvebas! rogori SegrZnebaa, iyo pirveli qarTveli qali, vinc Widaobis saxeobaSi msoflio Cempionis

22

tituls atarebs? _ es aris udidesi sixaruli, SeuZlebelia sityvebiT gadmovce Cemi emocia! msoflio CempionobisTvis, fizikurad Tu fsiqologiurad, wlebia, vemzadebi, amisTvis Tavdauzogavad vSromobdi da vvarjiSobdi, amdenad, moulodneli ar yofila, Tumca mainc aRuwerelia es sixaruli. rac dro gadis, ufro vacnobiereb, ra moxda Cems cxovrebaSi. bunebrivia, Zalian amayi var, rom SevZeli da saqarTvelos saxeliT Rirseulad viaspareze. _ rodis dainteresdiT pirvelad am sportiT, ratom gadawyviteT, rom sambosTvis migeZRvnaT mTeli cxovreba? _ bavSvobidan Zalian Zlieri viyavi fizikurad, amitom gad-

awyvites mSoblebma Cemi Widaobaze Seyvana. mamaCemi manamdec mudmivad mavarjiSebda sportis sxvadasxva saxeobaSi: karateSi, boqsSi, fexburTSi... Semdeg ki Cemi pirveli mwvrTnelic gaxda. Zalian mkacrad mzrdida, CemTvis ucxo iyo bavSvebTan erTad TamaSi, megobrebTan erTad siaruli, mTel dros varjiSs vuTmobdi da imis miuxedavad, rom maSin ar mesmoda mamaCemisa, axla Zalian madlieri var, swored amis wyalobiT movipove warmateba. Tavidan, roca patara viyavi, stresuli iyo Widaobaze siaruli, darbazSi maTTan erTad varjiSic ki warmoudgenlad Zneli iyo replikebis gamo. uamrav biWTan erTad mxolod me da Cemi da davdiodiT, isic imitom Semoi-

yvanes, rom mewyvile myoloda. biWebi ar aRmiqvamdnen seriozul konkurentad da, albaT, bevrjer gadavwyvetdi kidec yvelafrisTvis Tavis danebebas, rom ara mamaCemi, vinc mudmivad

gverdiT medga, yvelgan Tan myavda da sul mamxnevebda, ar maZlevda modunebis saSualebas. mere ki, roca pirvelad gavxdi priziori da gamarjvebis sixgagrZeleba ix. 23-e gverdze


sporti

dasawyisi ix. 22-e gverdze

interviu pirvel qarTvel sambist qalTan

aruli vigeme, mivxvdi, rom me am sportisTvis gavCndi. _ rogorc vici, Tavidan Zalebi ZiudoSi scadeT da sambo mogvianebiT Semovida Tqvens cxovrebaSi. _ ki, ZiudoTi daviwye, zogadad, Ziudo aris olimpiuri saxeoba, sambo ki ara, amitom interesi mis mimarT didia, perspeqtiulobidan gamomdinare. Tanac maSin, roca me viwyebdi, samboSi mxolod biWebi iyvnen, gogonebi am sportSi 8 welia, rac gamoCndnen da maT Soris pirveli me viyavi, axla ki eqvsni varT. ZiudoSi Cemi asparezoba sxvadasxva mizezis gamo arc ise warmatebuli aRmoCnda, me ki mindoda, rom vyofiliyavi pirveli. gadmovinacvle samboSi da Cemi gadawyvetilebiT namdvilad kmayofili var. Cveni nakrebi gamorCeulad megobruli da erTiania, amaSi didi

wvlili Cvens mTavar mwvrTnels, jondo muzaSvils miuZRvis, romelic araCveulebrivi adamiani da maswavlebelia. _ sazogadoebis im nawilis yuradRebac ki miiqcieT, romelic ar aris sportis gulSematkivari. amis mizezi Tqveni tatamze Sesrulebuli cekva gaxda, es rogorc Cans, Tqveni erTgvari ritualia... _ pirvelad evropis Cempionatze gamajvebis Semdeg vicekve, sruliad daugegmavad da bunebrivad, es iyo Cemi emociebis, sixarulis, gamarjvebis, zeimis gamoxatuleba. zogadad, Zalian miyvars cekva, sul vcekvav da xom xvdebiT, roca mogebis Semdeg, musika gavigone, SeuZlebeli iyo Tavi Semekavebina. mayurebelma es aitaca, moewona, sanaxaoba yvelasTvis mimzidvelia. axla, msoflio Cempionatze, damijereT, bevrad

didi iyo Cemi survili, vidre oriode moZraoba, Tumca fexze miRebuli travmis gamo, ver vicekve ufro didxans. _ mogviyeviT sirTuleebze, sasiamovno da saamayoa warmatebuli asparezobis yureba, Tumca, darwmunebuli var, amis ukan didi Sroma, uamravi travma da imedgacruebaa... _ diax, namdvilad Znelia sasurvel Sedegamde mixvide, Sromismoyvareobis garda cota iRbalic sWirdeba sportsmens warmatebisTvis. Cems angariSze uamravi damarcxebaa, damtvreuli laviwebi, gawyvetili myesebi da sxva uamravi travma. Tumca Zalian mebrZoli xasiaTi maqvs, da yvela wageba da tkivili axali miznis dasawyisia CemTvis. arasodes vnebdebi, da arc sakuTar princi pebze vambob uars arasodes. mqonda SemoTavazebebi TurqeTidan, azerbaijanidan, saberZneTidan, ruseTidan sakmaod didi Tanxis sanacvlod, rac Cemi didi ojaxisTvis kargi finansuri wyaro iqneboda, Tumca, yovelTvis mindoda saqarTvelos saxeliT mebrZola da arasodes davTanxmebivar SemoTavazebebs. dRes vugeb maT, visTanac guSin wavage, ase rom, mudmivad icvleba angariSi, mTavaria, ar gatyde sulierad da ar izarmaco. _ 2017 wels Ziudos msoflio Cempionatidan mogxsnes, yelsabamis gamo, Sexvedris dasrulebidan 2 wuTiT adre, Tanac angariSi Tqvens sasargeblod iyo. albaT, Zalian ganicadeT, mogviyeviT, rogor moxda msgavsi ram? _ maSin amaze Zalian bevri iwereboda, amerikul mediaSic ki, imitom, rom es iyo pirve-

xmeleTidan kldeze cocva, sportis is saxeobaa romelic usazRvro SesaZleblobebs, SegrZnebebsa da emociebs gTavazobs da amasTanave savsea saxifaTo SemTxvevebiT. mekldeuri - adamiani, romelic kldeze cocavs. aseTi martivi ganmarteba SeiZleba hqondes sportsmens, romelic

kldeebze cocavs, romelsac ar aSinebs simaRle, Tavisufali vardna, gaaCnia miznebi, rogoric SeiZleba iyos ama Tu im mwvervalze asvla da yvelafers akeTebs maT dasapyrobad. imisTvis rom iyo mekldeuri, gWirdeba fizikuri da fsiqikuri siZliere, gamZleoba, unda SegeZlos siswrafisa da balansis kontroli, kldeze

cocva, SesaZloa, aRmoCndes saxifaTo aqtivobac da, amasTanave, sasiamovnoc. Tumca, imisTvis rom Tavidan aviciloT xifaTi, saWiroa, davicvaT regulaciebi, araerTxel gadavamowmoT kvanZebi, viyoT frTxilad dacvaze dgomis dros da a.S kldeze cocvisTvis ori adamiania saWiro: erTi vinc cocavs da meore vinc mekldeurs azRvvevs TokiT. rTulia, iyo rogorc mcocavi, aseve damzRvevi: am dros ormagi pasuxismgebloba iCens Tavs, radgan swored Senzea damokidebuli mekldeuris bedi. xSiria xolme mowyvetebic, am dros kargma damzRvevma, misi swrafi qmedebebiT, SesaZloa, sagrZnoblad Seamciros mcocavis kldeze Sejaxebis albaTobac. cocvisTvis saWiroa specialuri sacoci fexsacmelebi (skalnebi), CanTa magneziis fxvniliT, romelsac mcocavebi kldeze ukeTesi moWidebisTvis iyeneben, damcavi qamari, Cafxuti (saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi) da, raRa Tqma unda, Toki; Toki, romelzec Sen da Seni sicocxle kidixarT. cocvis dros mizani gaZlierebs, Zlieri survili am miznis miRwevis, romelsac TvaliT naTlad xedav da mxolod iqamde asvlaRaa saWiro. SesaZloa, araerTxel

li SemTxveva msoflio Cempionatis istoriaSi. CemTvis iyo Sokismomgvreli, ra Tqma unda, uyuradRebobis, siCqarisa da Sedegze fiqris gamo ver mivaqcie yuradReba, rom jvris moxsna damaviwyda. yvelasTvis cnobilia, rom nebismieri aqsesuariT - samkauliT asparezoba usafrTxoebis normebidan gamomdinare akrZalulia. albaT, SeiZleboda gamonaklisis daSveba da gafrTxilebis mocema, Tumca ras vizamT. maSin Zalian vinerviule, es iyo Cemi Secdoma, romlisTvisac davisaje da Wkua viswavle. _ istoriaSi Sevida Tqveni bolo gamarjveba, Tumca manamdec mravali jildosa da titulis mflobeli iyaviT. risTvis emzadebiT axla, ra aris Tqveni mizani? _ momavali, 2019, Zalian datvirTuli welia CvenTvis. wels pirvelad dauSves yvela woniTi kategoria samboSi evropul TamaSebze, romlebic zafxulSi minskSi Catardeba, Sesabamisad, amisTvis aqtiurad unda

movemzadoT. saerTod ki, Cemi yvelaze didi mizani olimpiuri Cempionobaa. Tu Cemi fizikuri mdgomareoba amis saSualebas momcems, manamde viWidaveb sanam sambo olimpiuri saxeoba gaxdeba da me saocnebo gamarjvebas movi poveb, Semdeg ki ar gamovricxav mwvrTnelis ampluaSi warvdge sazogadoebis winaSe. minda, es sporti popularuli gaxdes gogonebSi, romlebsac aqvT brZolis Zala da survili, Tumca, sazogadoebaSi arsebuli Sexedulebebi kacursa da qalur sportze, xels uSliT. Mminda, rom maTi stimuli viyo, mudmivad maqvs makiaJi da lamazad Cacmac Zalian miyvars, Tumca savarjiSo darbazSi biWebze did fizikur datvirTvas vuZleb. _ didi madloba saintereso saubrisTvis!

anano aTabegaSvili

Sors

moswyde, magram mainc dauokebeli survili ar gasvenebdes. siZlieresTan erTad, saWiroa sxarti gonebrivi azrovneba, radgan es swored is sportia, sadac gonebrivi aqtivoba da fizikuri energia dabalansebulia. saqarTveloSi mekldeurobis istoriis dawyeba mixeil xergianis saxels ukavSirdeba da dResdReobiT araerTi siaxliTa da miRweviT grZeldeba. WiaTura, kacxi, arSa, birTvisi, quTaisi, svaneTi, es im regionebis CamonaTvalia, sadac qarTvel mekldeurebs SeuZliaT icocon. TbilisSi ki botanikuri baRis klde da lotkinze mdebare monumentis svetia, romelic amJamad meri-

am saqarTvelos mTasvlelTa federacias gadasca 2 wliT, maT ki betonis konstruqciis nawili sacoc marSutad aqcies. arsebobs ramdenime savarjiSo darbazic, sadac nebismier msurvels SeuZlia gamocados bedi da ivarjiSos. dasawyisisTvis mxolod survilic sakmarisia. Tu giyvars mZafri SegrZnebebi, eqstremaluri situaciebi, sirTuleebis daZleva da sxvadasxva mravalferovani aqtivoba, maSin es sporti imidgacruebuls namdvilad ar dagtovebs.

sofo suariZe

23


sxvadasxva

2018

wlis “Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show” SesaZloa saboloo aRmoCndes

modis industriaSi varaudoben, rom viqtoria seqreT-is Cveneba momaval wels aRar gaimarTeba. brendi SeiZleba ar iyos yvelaze mniSvnelovani am sferoSi, magram is erTaderTi modebis Cvenebaa, romlis translacia da regularuli reklamireba msoflios maStabiT yovelwliurad mimdinareobs. brendis Sou pirvelad 1998 wels gamoCnda. am droisaTvis modis industriaSi ZiriTad moTxovnas TeTri da gamxdari modeli gogonebi warmoadgenda. 90-iani wlebis Semdeg didi dro gavida, magram brendis moTxovnebi da Sou ar Secvlila. marTalia, CvenebebSi mcire raodenobiT feradkanian modelebsac vxedavT, Tumca, dRes “Victoria’s Se-

cret” isev warmoadgens qalis sxeulis mxolod erT ti ps. 2017 wels Sous yvelaze dabali reitingi hqonda, misi mayurebeli daaxloebiT 25 milion adamians Seadgenda, rac 2016 wlis monacemebTan SedarebiT 32%-iT dabali maCvenebelia. am yvelafers

emateba “Victoria’s Secret”-is generaluri direqtoris, ed razekis gancxadeba, romelic Jurnal “Vogue”-Tan saubrisas gaakeTa da aRniSna, rom brendSi transgenderi da plus zomis modelebis adgili araa. gancxadebas aRmasrulebeli direqtoris, jen singeris mxridan Tanamdebobis datoveba mohyva. brendi yovelwliurad milionobiT dolars xarjavs Sous Sesaqmnelad, miuxedavad amisa, gayidvebi regularulad ganagrZobs vardnas. maSin, rodesac “Victoria’s Secret”kritikas iRebs qalis mxolod erTi ti pis sxeulis warmoCenis gamo, brendis konkurentebi warmatebul nabijebs dgamen da cdiloben qalis TeTreuli ufro mravalferovnad aqcion. mokled rom vTqvaT, ori dekadis

ganmavlobaSi, “Victoria’s Secret”Si arsebuli danaklisi sxva brendebma Seavso. “Aeria” qalis TeTreulis reklamirebisas aramarto gansxvavebuli garegnobis da aRnagobis modelebs warmogvidgens, aramed SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis

mqone adamianebsac. amave Sinaarsis iyo rianas 2018 wlis “Fenty X Savage” Cveneba, sadac modelebi gansxvavebuli kanis feris, zomis, formisa da aRnagobis qalebs warmoadgendnen msoflios sxvadasxva adgilidan. SouSi monawileoba orsulma sliq vudsma miiRo. miuxedavad brendis mier daxarjuli milionebisa, gayidvebi yovelwliurad mcirdeba. wlebis win, yvelaze gayidvadi TeTreulis brendi dRevandel sazogadoebaSi didi popularobiT aRar sargeblobs. saWiroa cvlileba, romelsac “Victoria’s Secret” jerjerobiT ar gegmavs. sakmarisi iqneba Tu ara milionobiT daxarjuli dolari brendis gadasarCenad, jer kidev ucnobia.

mariam rexviaSvili

2018 wlis dekembris Tvis astrologiuri prognozi 2018 wlis dekebris Tvis pirveli dekadis periodSi dedamiwis biosferoebis mdgomareoba negatiuri iqneba Zlieri kosmosuri elWeqis gamo, romelic noembris bolos daiwyo. pirvel da or dekembers planeta merkuri da venera morielis niSanSi aRmoCndeba, rac aseve gamoiwvevs urTierTobebis daZabulobasa da gaarTulebs konfliqtebis aRmofxvras. negatiuri efeqti gaZlierdeba 3 dekembridan 7 dekembris CaTvliT,

radgan gaizrdeba mze-uranisa da urani-mTvaris kvadratebis negatiuri Zala, aseve, amaze gavlenas merkuris retrogradulobac moaxdens.M tranzitul rukaze merkuri retrograduli 2018 wlis 16 noembers mSvildosnis 13 gradusze gaxda da direqtiuli 2018 wlis 6 dekembers morielis 27 gradusze gaxdeba. am momentSi merkurs kvadrati aqvs neptunTan, ris gamoc meti areuloba, dabneuloba, uwesrigoba da siyalbe Seaqvs retrograduli merkurisTvis Cveul problemebSi, rogorebicaa sirTuleebi komunik-

aciisas, teqnikis dazianeba, nervuli aSliloba, mgzavrobis gadadeba da nivTebis dakargva. es periodi dagvamaxsovrdeba, rogorc yvelaze disharmoniuli periodi mTeli wlis ganmavlobaSi. ukve 10 dekembridan ganviTarebas daiwyebs biosferoebis pozitiuri mdgomareoba da sabolood gakeTilSobildeba 17 dekembers. dekembris bolo kvira Tvis dasawyisze ukeTesi, SedarebiT neitraluri periodi iqneba. verZi _ win axali cxovrebiseuli etapi geliT. bevri saqme da problema, rac Sei-

Zleba male unda gadaWraT. pirad urTierTobebSi sicariele daisadgurebs. kuro _ geqnebaT problemebi garkveul saqmeebSi. didia saSiSroeba avad yofnisa. gaufrTxildiT Tqvens finansur mdgomareobas. tyupebi _ TqvenSi gaCndeba kiTxvebi, Tu rogor icxovroT, visTan erTad iyoT. pararelurad brundeba Zveli kavSirebi, Zveli siyvaruli da warmateba. kirCxibi _ Tve aqtiuri da Znelia. Tqven Tavad irTulebT cxovrebas da Semsubuqebis nacvlad, sawinaaRmdegos akeTebT. lomi- _ icvleba Tqveni msoflmxedveloba, didi xnis Semdeg pirvelad Tavs warmatebulad da Tavisuflad grZnobT. qalwuli _ yvelaferSi garkvevas cdilobT, rac sulierad agamaRlebT. es aucilebeli pirobaa imisTvis, rom momavalSi Tavs myarad grZnobdeT. saswori _ dekemberi axal SesaZleblobebTan erTad axal problemebsac wamoWris. es imitom, rom ufro ukeT

gaaanalizoT Tqven garSemo arsebuli situacia. Mmorieli_ _ keTilSobiluri miznebi gamoZravebT, magram gegmebi SeiZleba Seicvalos, risi gamomwvevi mizezic Tqveni msoflmxedveloba da realobis araswori aRqma iqneba. mSvildosani _ planeta iupiteri warmatebiT dagajildoebT. Tqven yvelaferi gamogivaT, razec fiqrobdiT da ocnebobdiT. Txis rqa _ Sedegebis Sejameba da bevri saqmis mogvareba mogiwevT, rac sabolood dagasaCuqrebT iseTi cxovrebiT, rogoric gsurT. merwyuli _ dekembris Tve kargi periodia axali nacnobebis wris gafarToebisTvis. Tqven miemarTebiT win, raSic xels veravin SegiSliT. Tevzebi _ Tqven yvelaze rTul winaRobebs gaarRvevT, rac did warmatebas gpirdebaT, gansakuTrebiT finansur da saqmian sakiTxebSi.

ilia megreliZe

,,xedvas” redaqcia: xelmZRvaneli: asocirebuli profesori maia toraZe mTavari redaqtori: mixeil talaxaZe nomris redaqtori: luka pertaia kulturis danarTis redaqtori: mariam abazaSvili teqnikuri redaqtori: nino mWedluri, TaTuli wereTeli stilist-koreqtorebi: dodi fofxaZe, salome xaJomia, Tekla bestavaSvili, irma kurtaniZe, kaxa yifiani, ana cucqiriZe, nino wverava, nina fxoveliSvili, nanuka qaCibaia, lika mesxiSvili, elene lomsaZe, anano aTabegaSvili. damkabadoneblebi: ani nozaZe, Tako ZiZikaSvili, keso boWoriSvili, TaTa qeSikaSvili, makuna juReli.

Jurnalistebi: ilia megreliZe, mariam rexviaSvili, mariam samxaraZe, nika vardaniZe, salome meliqiSvili, mariam turZilaZe, mariam vandoro, TamTa firanaSvili, salome kalandaZe, veriko tabataZe, TaTa mirianaSvili, anna Cexutskaia, elena goloSvili, sofo suariZe, melano mesxi, Tako canava.

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ხელმძღვანელი: ასოცირებული პროფესორი მაია ტორაძე. ივანე ჯავახიშვილის სახელობის თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტის ჟურნალისტიკისა და მასობრივი...

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