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Page 1

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d x'F rKkn s}of}+sf 6'qm]sf] dg, lgrf]l/Psf] cfTdf ylst gog, l:y/ dl:tis nIo ljxLg dfG5]sf] tf}n af]s]/ of] kLl8t zx/df o'uf}+ b]lv lg/Gt/ lxl8/x]sf] 5'

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;kmntfsf] prfO{ b]lv c;kmntfsf ulx/fO{ ;Dd x/]s kyx¿df ;fydf ;fy ldnfpg] d} t x'F Pp6f lhGbuL pleg yfn]kl5 g9n'Gh]n;Ddsf] ofqf cgj/t clj/n ¿kdf af]Sg] rKkn d} x'F t/ d}n] a'9f] x'Fbf kfplbg Gofo ˆoflng' k5{ ;8sdf lsg ls d rKkn x'F yf]qf] rKkn ÛÛ karkisuresh2@gmail.com

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 11


gf/L pld{nf kGt kf08]o

cfdf eP/ wfdf u/]/ lblG5g\ 1fg u'? ag]/===ÛÛ

;]jf u/f}F v'zL 5/f}F ;'Sv;Fu lhcf}F d/f}F====ÛÛ (*$!&*#($* à 1fg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+

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gf/Lsf] dfg dftfsf] ;Ddfg cfTd;Gtf]if x'G5 dxfg====ÛÛ

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;[li6 stf{ hLjg bftf k"hgLo x'g\ hGdbftf====ÛÛ

vfO{ gvfO{ gLb eufO{ x'sf{pFl5g\ lzz'nfO{====ÛÛ

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gf/L k"Ho gf/L ;+:sf/L ;hfpFl5g\ 3/ ;+;f/L===ÛÛ

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l;h{gfsf] aLpm /f]kf}+ ;[hgfs} afnL ;d[l4sf] uLt ufcf}+ Ps} ldof] xfnL k"Hg kfpF cfdf eGb} g]kfns} kfp 5fgf] agf];\ lxdfn Tof] d]/f] Kof/f] ufpF p3fP/ cFh'nLn] of] b]zsf] df6f] vf]nf}+ xfdL ;d[l4 / lgdf{0fsf] af6f] ;j} :ju{ h:tf] nfU5 of] b]zsf] 7fpF 5fgf] agf];\ g]kfn Tof] d]/f] Kof/f] ufpF à lj/f6gu/

12 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


sfv lxdfnsf] kfPF cfEof k/fh'nL

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ly/L–ly/L, tft]–tft] ub}{ kfOnf klxnf] ;f/]F 6Lsf] ;fgf] lgwf/df df6f] g]kfns} nfPF ub}{ tft]–tft] t/fO{df b"w kxf8sf] lkPFF x]b}{ t:jL/ rf}+/Lsf] sfv lxdfnsf] kfPF . -!_ hGd] klg 3/ k/fO{sf] dfof g]kfnsf] kfPF eft v'jfO{df klg cxf] Û emns g]kfns} b]v]F vL/–rDkf, cfn'–tfdf, bfn–eft rfv]F l9F8f], l;:gf] clg df5f rf}/f;L Ao~hgg} vfPFF . -@_ wf]tL, rf]nL, k6'sL dfly kfGb]g klg afFw]F /ftf] 6Lsf lgwf/df r'/f kf]t] klg kfPF v}+h8L–d'h'/f, ;f/ª\uL, dfbnsf] tfndf gfr]F 8Dkm'–9f]ns, zxgfO{ bdfxf ahfpb} /dfPF . -#_ jL0ff ahfO{ 3/df :f/:jtL cf/fwgf u/]F s, v, u, 3 u/L cIf/f/De ug{ yfn]F P, aL, ;L, 8L clg kl5 vv{/ eGg yfn]F c+u|]hL–g]kfnL b'a}df cgdf]n /Tg d ag]F . -$_ ;}gf nfpb} dxfsfnL–d]rL;FUf syf / sljtf k9]F kmfF6df k'u]/ dw];df k;Lgf sd{sf] x]/]F r9\b} l;F9L kxf8sf] b]p/fnLdf lj>fd u/]F rfFbLsf cUnf y'k|f b]lv cxf] Û ltg}nfO{ lxdfn eg]F . -%_ cflbslj, lz/f]dl0f, dxfslj, /fi6«slj a'‰g yfn]F k5\ofpb} ltgnfO{ ;Todf]xg / dbgdl0f x]/]F df]bgfy, gu]Gb|, /f]rssf Tofu / tk:of k9]F{ ;|f]tx¿ cxf] Û k|]/0ffsf g]kfnsf ltgnfO{ agfPF . -^_ r}t !%, @)&^ à cd]l/sf

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 13


s]xL tfª\sf nIdL >]i7 à

e]6f}+nf xfdL b]p/fnL rf}tf/L em'Ns] 3fddf 3fF; bfp/f sf6f}+ ufO{j:t' r/fcf}+

à

;kgfx¿ ;a}n] b]V5g\ /flt lgb|fdf k"/f x'g ;S5g\ gx'g klg ;S5g\

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P sfG5L p7 Û pHofnf] e};Sof] 3fd em'lNsof] lhp cfn:o eof] ysfO{ d]l6Pg

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cfFz'sf syf b'Mv;'v / xif{ ;f]Wb} dnfO{ d}n] slt lkPsf]

3fdn] kf]Nof] cfuf]n] lg kf] kf]Nof] of] d'6' hNof] /f]PF clg s/fPF v/fgL g} agfof] à

d]/f] lj?4 vf]O/f] vlg vf];|L cfkmGtx¿ ltd|f] / d]/f] k|]d ;kmn x'g glbg

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d}n] d'v wf]Psf]

u}ÅL v]tdf c;f/sf] /f]kfO{+ bxL lrp/f ;fO{+nL /f]kfxf/ d xnL / afp;]

(*$@)#@$**

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y/L y/Lsf slj xh"/ c;n slj d sd;n slj xh"/ km;n slj d df]km;n slj xh"/ ef]sn slj d nf]sn slj xh"/ l/dfn slj d ?dfn slj xh"/ lxdfn slj d xdfn slj xh"/ xf:o slj d x':;' slj xh"/ ufDgfu] slj d sfd gnfUg]

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xh"/ /fli6«o slj d :yfgLo slj xh"/ :ylkt slj d lj:yflkt slj xh"/ k'/:s[t slj d lt/:s[t slj xh"/ ;zQm slj d czQm slj xh"/ ;f]kmf slj d ;'s'n slj xh"/ ;kmn slj d c;kmn slj xh"/ sfkmn slj d cfkmn slj

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nfj0o ;fksf]6f

14 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

slj xh"/ g]al6of slj d kmf]sl6of slj xh"/ cDa/ slj d 8Da/ slj xh"/ l6Dd'/ slj d l;lN6Dd'/ slj xh"/ g"/ slj d em"/ slj xh"/ gfdL, 7"nf slj d gf/f], d"nf slj )&%.!@.@!.% (*!^#(((@@ à lj/f6gu/–!!

k"0ff{Í – !^^


houfg tdf;f k]zn cfrfo{

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r'gfj xf/] kl5sf sfo{stf{x¿ lax] cGefP kl5sf] hUu] lxpFbdf b"/÷;'b"/ t/fO{lt/ cfuf] tfk] kl5sf] lge]sf 3'/x¿ v/fgLdf kl/0ft ePsf] dR5/ w"k ;a} p:t}p:t} x'g\, lgik|f0f p2]ZoljxLg oL :jtGqtfsf nZs/x¿

sf]xL cfkm"nfO{ ;f/ly egfpFb} 5g\ sf]xL cfkm"nfO{ hGtL / dnfdL agfpFb} 5g\ h'g 7fpFdf Pp6f ;s;xLg hLjg latfpg oltsf] dxFuf] ;do vlr{G5 dflg; ljs6 cuDo b'u{d ofqf t cfu] slt 5g\ slt kmut\ xfdL snxsf l;kfxL eof}+ cg]stf t]:of{pFb} cfcfkm\gf /fu cnfKof}+,

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ef]s x/fP kl5sf] ef]hg lgb|f srklN6P kl5sf] cf]R5\ofg a}F;n] ljbf lnO;s] kl5sf] zf/Ll/s ;'v ;a} p:t}p:t} x'g\,

kIf÷ljkIfdf kf}+7]hf]/L v]Nb} houfg u¥of}+ tdf;f x]/]/ xfd|} ;dsfnLg :vlnt ;dosf] . espeshal2023@gmail.com

à 6LsfynL, nlntk'/

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 15


b'O{ d'Qms uf]s'n clwsf/L

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! st} ;Demgfsf] Gofgf] 3fd eP5 lhGbuL st} RofltP/ ldNsfOPsf] vfd eP5 lhGbuL dfof ufF;]/ lx+8\g afFsL g} lyof] 7§} 7§fdf abgfd eP5 lhGbuL @ ofq'x¿ cnkq ky{] xf]nfg\ gbLx¿df k'n geP ed/fx¿ ;j} ax'nfpy] xf]nfg\ af/Lx¿df km"n geP ;fFRr} :jflbnf] aGg;Sg] lYfof] lhGbuL olb dfofn'sf] dfofdf clnslt klg e"n geP (*$@)#)@&& à lj/f6gu/

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;kgfsf] dLt /L6f zfx

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d]/f] ;kgfsf] dLt ltdL xf} d]/f] rfxgfsf] k|Lt ltdL xf} ltdLnfO{ kfpg'sf] d]/f] hLt ltdL xf} klxnf] e]6sf] cem} cfp“b5 ememNsf] slt abnL ;Sof] 5}g lrGx To; 7fp“sf] ;dosf] km]/df eGg', d]/f] lxt ltdL xf}† slxNo} ufnL, jrg dnfO{ gnufpg' uNtL x'G5 ck/fw x}g Tof] dfkm u/L lbg' lbn tf]8] sxg' s], d]/f] uLt ltdL xf}

16 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


;dfg ;+:s[ltsf DofGdf–g]kfn czf]s l3ld/] ljBf bft[ ;/:jtL eujtL nIdL u0f]z} klg xf]/f Hof]ltif jf:t' gf}u|xx¿ lbSkfn dfGg] clg k"jL{ bz{g a'4 wDdkb hf] cfrf/ ;F:sf/sf] ldNbf] ;+:s[lt z[ª\vnf uhasf] DofGdf / g]kfnsf]..$..

DofGdf/fi6« 5 a'4 zf;g ;bf ;DaGw xf] n'lDagL efiff hflt y/Ly/L ax'n 5g\ e"iffsnf df]lxgL k|frL cfif{ dxf]T;jflb b'Os} xf] Pp6} efjsf] ldNbf] ;+:s[lt z[ªvnf uhasf] DofGdf / g]kfnsf]..@..

adf{/fi6« k|l;4 gfd clxn] ;fd|fHo DofGdf eof] g]kfnL hg z'4 a'4s'nsf uf]vf{ egL dflgof] d}qL ;lGw /xf];\ ;dfglxtsf] Jofkf/ ;DaGwsf] ;femf ;+:s[lt ljZjdf cd/ xf];\ DofGdf / g]kfnsf]..%..

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DofGdfsf] Oltxf; ;+:s[ltsnf pTyfg aUufg xf] kfnL ;+:s[t d"n ldl>t x'Fb} pTklQ efiff 5 of] ldË\nfaf z'e dËnd\ syg of] e]6\bf gd:sf/sf] ldNbf] ;+:s[lt z[ª\vnf uhasf] DofGdf / g]kfnsf]..!..

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aNbf] r}To 5 Zj]8uf}F t ;'gsf] /+u"gsf] zfg xf] nfvf}+ r}To ljzfn b]ze/df Tof] a'4sf] dfg xf] zfnf d"lt{snf ljxf/ lz/sf] z}nL 5 g]kfnsf] /fd|f] ;+:s[lt z[ª\vnf uhasf] DofGdf / g]kfnsf] ..#..

Kof/L hGdynL ;'j0f{ hggL DofGdf w/f pj{/f d}n] e'Ng ldn]g k}lqsynf], g]kfn cfdf w/f DofGdf hLjg xf] z/L/ ;'v xf] o} e"ld ;j{:j xf] DofGdf xf] Jojxf/ ef}lts ;a} cWofTd g]kfn xf]..^.. panditashok501@gmail.com

à DofGdf, xfn M yfONof08 k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 17


syf–n3'syf

k|of0f ljwfg cfrfo{

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uf]s'n] hDdf P3f/ jif{sf] lyof], n]vL gf} jif{sL lyO{ . pgtfs ufpF3/df kf7zfnf lyPg . ufpF3/ s] s'/f eof], eGy] pgLx¿ ltgsf b]z}df kf7zfnf lyPg . Ps b'O{ ufddf kl08t afh] x'Gy] c/] . ltgs} 3/df uP/ k9\g' kg]{ lyof] . k9]afkt ufO{ e}F;Lsf] uf]7fnf] x'g'kYof]{] . uf]a/ ;f]xf]g{ kYof]{] . cem pN6f] cfˆgf 3/af6 rfdn nu]/ u'?sf 3/df a'emfpg' kYof]{] . of] To:t} ljqmd ;Dat\ !*$) lt/sf]

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s'/f lyof] xf]nf . æd uPsf] xf] lg, a:g ;lsgF, kf]xf]/ ;fn rf/ dlxgf a;]F xf]nf, dfO{sf] ;Demgf cfof] kmsL{ cfPF .Æ afv|fnfO{ cfFvfn] EofO~h]n x]b}{ uf]s'n]n] n]vLnfO{ eGof] . cfFvLef}F p7fP/ n]vLn] uf]s'n]nfO{ x]/L, clg egL – æxfdL t s]6L d'G5] sNn] k9fpg] /< xfd|f bfOn] t k9]sf 5}gg\ .Æ uf]s'n]n] n]vLnfO{ eGof] – æcf, gk9] lg x'G5, s] sfd k9]/< c5]/ lrg] x'G5, dnfO{ t k'Uof] . c5]/ lrG5', kl/cfP tFnfO{ lg l;sfOlbG5'Æ xft ;dft]/ n]vLnfO{ ;f]Wof] . æcf Û k/]sf] 5}gÆ – pm kl5 x6L . n]vLsf RofË|fafv|f clNn tn vf]N;fdf uP, af3 lrt'jf t lyPgg\, :ofnn] kfof] eg] ;;fgf kf7fkf7L lnP/ hfg ;SYof] . æ5\of 5\ofÆ eGb} pm Totf nfuL . uf]s'n] dflylt/ uof] / cfˆgf afv|f lnP/ cfof] . agsf] 3fFrdf a'6\ofgx¿ ldl>t l8xL lyof] . pgLx¿ ToxLF afv|f r/fpFy] . To;eGbf dfly agdf eg] clNn 7"nf7"nf tGg]/Lx¿ / 3fF; sf6\g] t?gLx¿ hfGy] . ltgtfsf ;;fg}df lax] x'GYof] . sf]xLsf]xL hf]O{kf]O ldn]/} cfpFy] sf]xL eg] 5f]/f5f]/f / a'xf/La'xf/L ;d"x ldnfP/ hfGy] . 3fd 8'Ag] a]nf x'gx'g nfu]sf] lyof] xf]nf . æca hfdÆ eg]/ uf]s'n] / n]vL RofË|f afv|f emf/]/ tn uNnLdf cfP . nfdf] kvf{n, To;sf tn wfg /f]Kg] v]t agfPsf], To;sf tn eg] snsn u/]/ vf]nf au]sf] . eGy], Tof] vf]nfsf] kfgL ptfsf] 7"nf] tfndf hfG5 /], clg ToxfFaf6 s0ff{nLdf uP/ ldl;G5 /], Tof] af6f] g uf]s'n] uPsf] lyof], g n]vL g} uPsL lyO{ . pgLx¿sf] 18 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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;+;f/ l;Fhfd} ;Lldt lyof] . dflyaf6 Ujf/Ujf/ ub}{ rf}F/L–ufO{uf]¿ / e}F;L uNnLdf cfP . ltgsf kl5kl5 ltg}sf uf]7fnf . 7"nf a:t'efpn] laRSofPkl5 afv|fRofË|f a]Qf]8n] bf}8] . uf]s'n] / n]vLnfO{ b]v]/ dflyaf6 cfpg]dWo] ;'s]{ a'9fn] eg] – æh}n] oL b'O{ ;Fu} e]l6G5g\ . logsf] lax] ub]{ lg x'g], hft klg ldNg] .Æ uf]s'n] xfF:of], n]vL cFWof/L eO{ . clg uf]s'n]nfO{ egLÆ ltdL k5fl8af6 lnP/ cfpm d cufl8 hfG5' / ltd|fnfO{ uf]7df k7fP/ cfˆgf lnP/ hfG5' .Æ n]vLsf] 3/ clNn ptf lyof], ;w}F o;} uy]{ . ltgLx¿sf] JoË\o ;'Gg'eGbf cfkm" cl3 uPs} hftL eGg] p;n] 7fgL . n]vLn] uf]s'n]sf] 3/sf] tuf/f] vf]nL, uf]s'n]sf RofË|fafv|fnfO{ x'nL / cfˆgfhltnfO{ klt{/ nufO{ . uf]s'n] cfOk'Ug afFsL g} lyof], ;w}F p;sf af uf]ljGb cfP/ RofË|fafv|f vf]/df x'Ny], To; lbg eg] af cfPgg\ dfO{ cfOg\ . n]vL 3/ k'Ubf uf]s'n]sf af p;sf lk+9Ldf kf] lyP . p;n] vf]/df afv|f x'nL . lkF9Lsf] 5]pdf ePsf] 3}F6f]af6 kfgL ;f/L, xft uf]8f w'g nfuL . To} aLrdf uf]s'n]sf afn] ;f]w] – æn]vL, xfd]/sf afv|fRofË|f x'lnlbO;\ <Æ ætuf/f]af6 x'lnlbPF, leq dfO{ cfpg'efYof]Æ – p;n] 5f]6f] pQ/ lbO{ / leq k;L . b}nfaf6 k:g]a]nf leqaf6 b'gfdf c5]tf agfP/ NofPsf cfˆg} afpl;t hDsfe]6df k/L n]vL . pgn] aflx/ lkF9Ldf uf]s'n]sf afnfO{ 6Lsf nufO{ lbP . ænf} ;lDw, d]/L 5f]/L n]vL ca tkfO{Fsf 5f]/f uf]s'n]nfO{ lbPF, ;fOt x]/]/ cfO{ a'xf/L n}hfg' xf];\Æ eg] . uf]ljGbn] eg] – æ;ft ufd x]l/of], n]vL g} hftL xf] . oNnfO{ eP 3/, l8xL, l8Fuf, v]taf/L ;a yfxf 5 . ul/vfG5g\ . 7"nf] x'b{'Ëf] 5, To;sL b'nxL klg x'/x'/] 5], sfG5f] uf]s'n] ;'/sf] 5, of] klg a]; 5] . d stf rfxf?d <Æ leqaf6 n]vLn] ;'g]s} lyO{ . p;nfO{ xif{ klg nfu]g, lj:dft klg nfu]g . 5 jif{sL ePb]lvg\ cfdfn] 5f]/Lsf] hft lax] u/]/ cGt hfg] hft eg]s} lyOg\ . afv|f r/fpFbf uf]s'n]n] u/]sf] dfof / lk/]d x]bf{ o} s]6f] d]/f] kf]O e}lbP x'GYof] eGg] p;nfO{ gnfu]sf] klg x}g . à ef]lnkN6 laxfg} p7]kl5 eg] n]vLnfO{ slta]nf efthfpnf] vfOj/L afv|f lnP/ hfpmFh:tf] eof] . p;sf dgdf hlt;Sbf] l56f] uf]s'n]nfO{ e]6f}Fh:tf] eof] . p;sf ;fy]x¿ s;}sf] ;ft}df / s;}sf cf7 jif{;Dddf lax] e};s]sf] lyof] . gf};Dd l6s]sL pxL lyO{ . pgLx¿ /ft} kx]+n} nufP/ lx8\y] . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 19


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p;sL dfO{n] æXof, s]6Lsf] lax] hf]/ jif{df ug{' x'GgÆ eg]sfn] kf]xf]/ ;fn pm hf]luPsL lyO{ . stf 8fF8fkfl/af6 dfUg cfPsf lyP . p;sL lbbL ;'Gbfsf] lax] gx'Fbf;Dd lbbLn] dfO{nfO{ efF8fs;]/ ug{ ;3fpFyL . lbbLsf] klg b'O{ jif{klxn] gf} jif{s} pd]/df lax] eof] . dfO{n] elGyg\ – ælbbL uf]7 a:g] e} /], ca Ps b'O{ ;fndf p;sf] klg aRrf e} xfNnf .Æ clg dfO{nfO{ p;n] ;3fpg' kg]{ ePsfn] klg pm lax] x'gaf6 /f]lsPsL lyO{ . kG„ jif{sf] bfO u'gfv/ eg] lbgel/ vf]kL v]NYof], k/] af/Ldf vghf]t ug{ ;xof]u uy{\of] . rf}w jif{sL p;sL efph" b]psnL 5f]/f kfP/ dfOtL a:g uPsL lyO{ . dfO{n] elgg\ – æhf hf, ptf uf]s'n] kvL{ a;]sf xf]nfg\, ca t HjfOF x'g] ePÚl; ltdL eGg k¥of] lg . hf ef] .Æ clg dfO{n] n]vLsf n'uf x]b}{ elgg\ – æemg\ cfh} s] o:tf] efª\u|fh:tf] n'uf nfÚsL, v} lxhf]sf] 3fF3/ <Æ æo:tf udL{ df;fdf s:tf] pv'd x'G5< Tof] 3fF3/ t emg\ nfpg} ;lSbgF . n d afv|fRofË|f lnP/ uPF x}ÛÆ vf]/ vf]nL, RofË|fsf l;ª\ nfdf / tL afv|feGbf alnof x'Gy], To;}n] ltgnfO{ cl3 nufPkl5 dfq kl5kl5 afv|fsf] vf]/ vf]NyL pm . ;;fgf kf7fkf7L 5f]8]/ c¿ rf}wj6f afv|fRofË|f lnP/ n]vL lxF8L . uf]s'n]sf tuf/fdf k'Ubf pm eg] vf]/af6 afv|fRofË|f lgsfn]sf] t/ tuf/f] gvf]nL leq} 5]s]/ a;]sf] /x]5 . p;sf afv|fRofË|f b]v]kl5 aNn tuf/f] vf]Nof] . Ujf/f/f/f p;sf / n]vLsf afv|fRofË|f Pp6f x"n ag] . b'j}y/L ldnfpFbf aQL; x'Gy] . n]vL PsaL;] afx| eGyL . p;nfO{ aL;eGbf dflysf] uGtL cfpFb}g lyof] . uf]s'n] ;w}F n]vLnfO{ b]Vgf;fy s]s] eg]/ lh:SofpFYof], To;lbg s]xL klg af]n]g, n]vL klg p;nfO{ lr9\ofpFyL, To;lbg af]lng . b'j}nfO{ af]Ng t dg lyof], t/ s] af]Ng] yfxf lyPg . cl3cl3 afv|fRofË|f cfˆg} ;'/df lx8]sf lyP, kl5kl5 xftxftdf Pp6fPp6f l;lDsgf] lnP/ pgLx¿ . vf]nf cfOk'Uof] / ;a} afv|fRofË|fn] kfgL vfP/ dfq vf]nf t/] . pgLx¿n] klg xftuf]8f kfgLdf rf]kn], h]7df;sf] vf]nf ;Ë\nf] / kfgL klg ld7f] lr;f] lyof] . af]Ng] axfgfn] uf]s'n]n] eGof] – æxfd|f afn] eg]sf ptf uf]vf{ g]kfnsf /fhfn] otfsf /fhfnfO{ lht] c/] . ca xfdL pt}sf e}of] /] .Æ æv}, s] xf] s], xfdLsfF lg /fhf cfpF5g\ /<Æ n]vLn] ;f]wL, t/ To;sf] pQ/ g n]vLnfO{ yfxf lyof] g uf]s'n]nfO{ . 20 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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To} aLrdf tNnf3/] sfG5f] klg ufO{ / afv|f lnP/ vf]nf tb}{ cfof] . ufO{ t emg\ klxNo} km'sfpg' kg]{, l9nf] ePsfn] bu'/fpFb} nUof] . ænf} x} s]6fs]6L xf], ltd]?sf] t lax] x'g nfu]5, v;L sf6]/ Vjfpnf;\ lg .Æ Tolt eGof] t/ tNnf3/]n] uf]s'n]sf] hjfkm klg g;'gL bf}8\of] . ageGbf tnsf] k'/fgf] vf]l/ofdf k'u]kl5 afv|fRofË|f rg{ yfn] . uf]s'n] / n]vL l;ofFndf a;] . a;]kl5 uf]s'n]n] aNn n]vLnfO{ x]¥of] . p;n] x]/]sf] b]v]/ n]vL klxnf]k6s nfh dfg]/ e'OFdf x]g{ yfnL . p;nfO{ klxn] uf]s'n]n] x]bf{ slxNo} To:tf] ;/d nfu]sf] lyPg . æcfh emg\ lsg o:tf] n'uf nufP/ cfPsL <Æ ;f]Wof] p;n] . æs] ef] t, o:tf] 3fd -udL{_ 5, o} ;lhnf] nfUof] .Æ pm h'?Ss p7L / bu'b}{ af]Nb} uO{ –æca ltdLn] NofO{ b]pmnf lg t Û h:tf] lbG5f} To:t} nufDnf .Æ pm emf8Lsf kl5lNt/ Psl5gsf nflu cnk eO{ . To;kl5 n]vL cfP/ 5kgL 9'Ëfdfly a;L . uf]s'n] glur} cfof] / ;f]wgLdf eGof] – æxfd|f] lax] s}n] ul/lbG5g\ <Æ ædnfO{ s] yf emg\, ltd|f afpn] s]O eg]gg\ <Æ p;n] pN6f] ;f]wL . æcf xf];\ Û h}n] xf];\ xf];\ ÛÆ n]vL cfkm}n] pQ/ lbO{ . æRofË|fafv|f rb}{ u5{g\, lxF8 cl:th:t} vf]nfsf] bxdf kf}8L v]Ng hfd\Æ uf]s'n]n] eGof] . cfFvf p7fP/ n]vLn] x]/L / egL, æcl:t emG8} a'8]sL lyPF, sf] sf] xf]nfg\ km]l/Æ æolta]nf Sj} x'Ggg\ – w]/ u}/f]df ghf g t, d 5' lg ÛÆ uf]s'n]n] 9f8; lbof] . Ps}l5gdf pgLx¿ b'j} bxsf 5]pdf k'u] . To; lbg ToxfF kf}8L v]Ng] ;fFRr} c¿ sf]xL klg lyPgg\ . uf]s'n]n] em6k6 ;Kk} n'uf km'sfNof] / kfgLdf xfdkmfNof] . n]vLn] d'v 5f]kL / egL – æs:tf] nfh gefsf] – a'Ë} 8'a]sf]<Æ æsf] 5 / XofF, clNn cl:t klg tF / d Pslbg a'Ëfa'Ë} 8'a]sf] x}g / < ca emg\ s] nfh < tF klg cfOh, n'uf lsg lehfDr]; <Æ n]vLnfO{ klg hfg t p;} dg lyof] t/ ;Íf]r dfg]sL lyO{ . uf]s'n] gLnf] bxdf t}l//x]sf] lyof] / xftn] p;nfO{ cfpmcfpm eGb} lyof] . n]vLn] p;nfO{ ptfkl§ kmls{g] O;f/f u/L, pm dfg]g æTo;f] eP cfpFlbgFÆ p;n] 3'sL{ b]vfO{ . pm ptf kmls{of] / em6k6 ;Kk} n'uf vf]n]/ xftn] nfh 5f]Kb} n]vL klg kfgLleq k;L . sDd/;Dd kfgLdf k;]kl5 kfgLdfly xTs]nfn] xfg]/ uf]s'n]nfO{ n]vLn] kfgL 5\ofkL . aNn uf]s'n]n] k5fl8 kms]{/ x]¥of] . uf]s'n] cUn} lyof] . x'g]vfg]sf] 3/sf] eP/ xf]nf, Åi6k'i6 klg lyof] . To;f] t n]vL klg ;k|]s} lyO{ . b'O{ jif{ h]7f] s]6f] clNn cUnf] x'g' :jfefljs lyof] . p;n] n]vLnfO{ kfgLsf] clNn ulx/f] efudf af]nfof] . pm 8/fO{ . æd k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 21


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5' lg, cfOh So} x'GgÆ – p;n] xft lbof] . n]vLn] p;sf xft ;dftL . uf]s'n]sf] dflyNnf] 5ftL;Dd cfpg] kfgLdf n]vLsf] gfs 8'afpg ;SYof], t/ cfkm" /fd|/L kf}l8g ;S5' ls ;lSbgF eg]/ hfFRg] dg n]vLnfO{ klg lyof] . ca uf]s'n]dfly p;nfO{ k"/f e/f];f klg lyof] . pm bxdf Ps kfOnf cl3 dfq a9]sL lyO{ XjfQ kfgL p;sf] lrpF8f]dfly d'vsf ;txdf cfof], æPÆ yf]/} cflQO{ . uf]s'n]n] p;nfO{ kfgLdf ;n{Ss tnaf6 xft /fv]/ sfvf lnof], n]vLn] cfˆgf b'j} xftn] uf]s'n]sf 3fF6L a]/L / cfFvf lrDnL . pgLx¿n] P3f/ / gf} jif{sf pd]/df Pscsf{sf z/L/sf :kz{sf] a]Un} cfgGb cg'ej u/] . Tof] kn cgf}7f] lyof] . clNn sDtL ulx/f]df cfP/ klg pgLx¿ w]/} a]/ Ps csf{sf cFufnf]df a]l/O/fv] . n]vLnfO{ uf]s'n]sf] sfv 5f]8\g dg nfu]g . b'j}n] Ps csf{sf z/L/sf ;a} cË k|ToË 5fd], w8\sg cg'ej u/]Ù sfv, nfh ;a}sf] cg'ej u/] . lax] slxn] x'g] xf] yfxf lyPg, Ps csf{k|lt eg] pgLx¿ ;dlk{t e} ;s]sf lyP . à ;fFem afv|fRofË|f 3/df nu]/ vf]/df x'n]kl5 n]vLn] n'uf km]/L . cfdfn] eg]sf 3fF3/ nufP/ To;sf uf]hLdf e'6]sf ds} /fv]/ rkfpFb} pm uf]s'n]sf 3/lt/ nfuL . kl5lNt/af6 dfO{ af]nfpFb} lyOg\ . Ps l5gdf cfOxfN5' eGb} pm uO{ . uf]s'n]sf 3/df k'Ubf lkF9Ldf a;]/ p;sf af, cfdf, x'b{'Ëf] bfO / pm cfkm}F vfhf vfFb} /x]5g\ . n]vL leQfsf] cf8 nufP/ x]b}{ lyO{ . n's]h:tf] t/ b]lvg] ePsLn] uf]s'n]sL cfdf g}g;/fn] n]vLnfO{ lkF9Ldf af]nfOg\ . pm ;/f;/ cfO{ . Pp6f a6'sf]df ds} lbOg\ . n]vLn] cfˆg} 3fF3/sf uf]hLdf b]vfP/ cfkÞm}l;t ds} ePsf] atfO{ . ds} vfFbfvfFb} n]vL 3l/3l/ uf]s'n]nfO{ x]b}{ lyO{ . uf]s'n]nfO{ eg] o;/L n]vL cfPsL Psbd cK7\of/f] nfUof], p;n] n]vLnfO{ x]g{ klg ;s]g . afp, cfdf, bfO ;Fu} lyP . pm stfstf nfh dfGb} lyof] . vfOj/L ;s]kl5 uf]s'n]sL dfO{n] ;f]lwg\ – ælsg cfOyL n]vL<Æ ædnfO{ Psl5g\ pgLl;t af]Ng' 5Æ – p;n] uf]s'n]nfO{ b]vfpFb} egL . æev{/ t afv|fRofË|f lnP/ cfPsf ltd]?, lbgel/ lg ;Fu} lyof}, ef]ln klg ;Fu} x'G5f}, P]n]sf] s] xtf/ ef] To:tf]<Æ uf]s'n]sf afn] ;f]w] . n]vLn] uf]ljGb afsf d'vdf Ps6s x]/L, lg8/ s]6Lem}F . æP uf]s'n] Û hf, p tuf/flt/ n, s] eGg vf]h]sL o;n] ;f]w\ .Æ afn] eg] . uf]s'n] n'?n'? n]vLsf kl5 nfu]/ tuf/flt/ uof] . uf]s'n]sf af / cfdf crDddf k/] . 22 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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uf]ljGbn] a"9Llt/ kms]{/ eg] – æx}g of] l76L s] eGg cfO{< t]:sf af cfdfn] s]xL kf7 k9fP/ cfO{ ls <Æ tuf/fsf] s'gflt/sf] d'8sf] eg] 3/sf] lk+9Laf6 cf]em]ndf kYof]{], b]lvGgYof] . d'8sf]df cfOk'Ugf;fy n]vLn] uf]s'n]sf] xft ;dftL / egL – æls s'/} gu/]sf eP x'GYof] . 6Lsf6fnf lg ul/;s], d t ltdLl;t} a:5', a? hlt b'v lg v]K5', lax] ul/b]pm eg dfO{–afnfO{ .Æ æeGbfeGb} sfF x'G5 t, kv g, km]l/ d}n] s] eGg'<Æ uf]s'n] 3f]/fof] . kl5kl5 n's]/ cfPsf] uf]s'n]sf] bfO x'b{'Ëf]n] bf}8]/ uO{ dfO{–afnfO{ ;Kk} ;'gfof] . afpn] ud]/ eg] – æof] s]6Ln] uf]s'n]nfO{ dfof u5]{, s]6fn] b'v kfpFb}g . ;Kk} ;dfg 3/df 5, kFl0ft\ af]nfO{ x]g{ nufP/ hlQ ;s]sf] l56f] lax] ul/lbG5' .Æ olt ;'g]kl5 n]vL 3/ uO{ . æs]6L cfFl6nL /lx5], u/L vfG5] . x]/ g, of] df]/f] x'b{'Ëf]n] s] unf{, xfdLnfO{ kfNg] a'xf/L To} x'G5] .Æ afpsf] af]nLn] uf]s'n] klg cfZj:t eof] . à csf]{ ;ftf uf]s'n] / n]vLsf] lax] eof] . b'j} kl/jf/n] cfcfkm"n] ;s]sf] u/] . n]vL hDdf gf} jif{sL lyO{ . pa]nfsf] rngcg';f/ lax] b; jif{eGbf klxn] eP klg lax]kl5 s]6Lx¿ Ps b'O{ jif{ dfOtLdf g} a:g kfpFy], t/ n]vL g} dflgg . uf]s'n] / n]vLsf] dfof s0ff{nLsf] kfgLh:t} lyof] slxNo} g;'Sg], ;w}F cfˆg} k|jfxdf . la:tf/} jif{ lat] . lax]sf b'O{ jif{kl5 n]vL uf]7 a;L . c¿sf b]v]/ xf]nf, p;nfO{ klg l5§} 5f]/f hGdfpg] OR5f hfUof], clg rf}w jif{sf pd]/df klxnf] hGdfO{ 5f]/f] . 5f]/f] hGd]kl5 p;sf] 5ftL emg\ uj{n] rf}8f eof] . ToltGh]n uf]s'n]sf] bfh' x'b{'Ëf]sf tLg 5f]/f5f]/L e} ;s]sf lyP . pm s'g} sfd ;'/n] ub}{gYof], gfd t x/Lz lyof], t/ ;a} p;nfO{ x'b{'Ëf] eGy] . p;nfO{ :jf:gL klg p:t} k/]sL lyO{ . bu'/]/ / pF8]/ lx8\yL . p;nfO{ ufpel/sfn] x'/x'/] eGy] . ;fx|} 8f9] :jefjsL lyO{ . cg]s lgx'F vf]h]/ n]vLsf] 5f]/f] vuljqmdnfO{ b"w lbGgyL . ækv, vu eg]sf] r/f] xf] /], d d]/f] h]7f] 5f]/f] l;+xljqmdnfO{ To;nfO{ dfg]{ l;sf/L agfpF5'Æ eGyL . n]vLn] kl08tnfO{ 5f]/fsf] gfd kÞm]l/b]pm egL, Gjf/fgsf] gfd km]g{ x'Gg, cnlR5g nfU5 eg]/ km]g{ lbPgg\ . o;/L s]xL jif{ lat] . à uf]s'n]sL cfdf g}g;/fn] Pslbg elgg\, æof] x'b{'Ëf] / o;sL :jf:gL /fd|f dltsf 5}gg\ . of] v]taf/L tLg efu nufd\, b'O{ 5f]/fnfO{ PsPs k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 23


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efu lbd\, Ps efu xfdL /fvd\, xfdL sfG5f] uf]s'n]l;t a;d\, n]vL klg ;'ema'emsL 5] .Æ s'/f dgfl;a} lyof] . ufpFn] k~renfßL af]nfP/ v]taf/L lr/kmf/ eof] . lhDdfn afn] tLg v08 sfut n]lvlbP . ca x/]s ;fnsf] >Lk~rdLdf a]Unfa]Un} pg}nfO{ s"t ltg{kg]{ eof], uf]s'n]nfO{ lnP/ dfO{–af of] a"9f] 3/df a:g] / x'b{'Ëf]nfO{ tNnfaf/Ldf gofF 3/ agfOlbg] s'/f eof] . x'b{'Ëf]sL :jf:gL x'/x'/]n] kf]Ol;t sfg]v';L u/L . clg p;n] k~renfßLl;t eGof] –æh;/L lg dl;t ;Fu} ga:g] t xf] lg Û of] 3/ clxn] dnfO{ 5f]l8lbg' . dfO{–af / efOnfO{ csf]{ 3/ agfP x'Gg < d}F cGt hfgk5{ eGg] s] 5<Æ ef]lnkN6}b]lv ToxL l8xLsf] k'5f/lt/sf] tNnf]af/Ldf csf]{ 3/sf] hu vlgof] . aL; xnsf] d]nf] x'g] l8xL / vf]nfkl§sf efudf hËn cflb lyP, 3fF; bfp/f cfˆg} af/Ln] k'UYof] . 3/ ag]/ g;l/Gh]n r'nf] g5'6\ofpg] ;Nnfx eof] . vf;df v]taf/L tLg efu nufPsf] x'b{'Ëf]sf hf]O{kf]OnfO{ dg k/]sf] lyPg . ltgsf dgdf – uf]s'n]l;t a;]/ kl5 dfO{–afsf] efu p;}nfO{ lbg] rfnafhL u/] eGg] k/]sf] lyof] . o} ljifodf ltgLx¿sf aLrdf w]/} snx eof], efF8fs'F8f ah] . b]p/fgL h]7fgL af]nrfn} aGbh:tf] eof] . h}n] klg n]vLnfO{ æof] af7L, o;}n] l;sfPsLÆ eGy] x'b{'Ëfsf hf]O{kf]O . kfFr dlxgfdf 3/ tof/ ePkl5 n]vL / uf]s'n] cfˆgf] sfvsf] 5f]/f] / n]vLsf ue{df x's{+b} u/]sf] csf]{ ;Gtfg lnP/ d"n3/af6 ;fOt x]/]/ Ps lbg Psflaxfg} tNnf]af/Lsf] …tNnf] 3/Ú ;/] . afn] eg] – æP]n] ltd]? uP/ a:b} u/, dfO{ / d s]xL lbgdf oxfFsf] rfFhf]kfFhf] ldnfP/ cfD5d\ . a:g t ltd]?l;t} a:g] xf], of] x'b{'Ëf]l;t a:g ;lsGg .Æ æg;Sg] eP P]n] lg lsg a:g k¥of], P]n] hfpm g . dfO{ af d]/f x}g /rg\, e} uf] lg .Æ x'b{'Ëf] RofFl¶of] . To; s'/fdf x'/x'/]n] klg leqaf6 ;xdlt hgfO{ . k'/fgf] 3/, cfkm}n] rfvn] agfPsf], ænf} To;f] eG5f} eg] clxNo} 5f]l8lbG5'æ, a"9fsf] emf]s hfUof] . dflyNnf] tnfsf] db';df k'vf{bl] vsf / uf]ljGb cfkm}n] cfh{g u/]sf s]xL uxgfu'l/of / rfFbLtfdfsf l;Ssf k};f lyP . sfl:d/sf /fhfsf, ;NofgL /fhfsf / ptf k"j{ uf]vf{, kf6g / ljhok'/sf /fhfsf k};f klg lyP . 9f]sfeGbf 7"nf] x'g] u/L leq} agfOPsf] x'gfn] db'; 3/aflx/ lgsfNg g} ldNb}gYof] . e/]ef]ln afFl8lbpmFnf eGg] pgsf] ;'/ lyof] . x'bË'{ f] km]l/ s/fof] – æltd|f] Tof] db'; klg lr/]/ lnP/ hfpm, of] 3/df /fVg k/]g .Æ 24 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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d]/f / dfO{sf t s]xL ;dfg g} nu]sf] 5}g lg, Tof] db';sf] dfq s'/f xf] /, cf]9\g] cf]R5\ofpg] ;a} afFsL 5g\ .Æ x'b{'Ëf] kmGs]/ 3/af6 lg:Sof], clg s]xL a]/df tLghgf el/of x'g] ufDn] vf]h]/ Nofof] . g}g;/f cfFvfaf6 cfF;' emf/]/ 6'qm'Ss cfFugLdf al;g\ . 3/sf ;a} leQf pgs} xftn] lnk]sf lyP . pgnfO{ Tof] 3/ 5f]8]/ hfg dg lyPg . a"9fn] ;DemfP – æof] 3/df ;tsf] af; /x]g5, lk/ gu/ .Æ x'b{'Ëf]sf hf]Okf]O ldn]/ pgsf ;Kk} ;fdfg aflx/ lgsfn] . a"9fa"9L cfFugdf 8f]sf] 3f]K6\ofP/ To;}dfly 6';'Ss a;] . x]bf{x]b}{ rf]of, aflaof] / kf6sf 8f]/L s;]/ afpcfdfsf ;a} ;fdfg afFlwP . xNnfvNnf k'u]/ uf]s'n] klg ev{/} ;fOt u/]/ uPsf] 3/af6 cfO{ k'Uof], Ps zAb af]n]g . 9f]sfaf6} glg:sg] Pp6f db';afx]s ;a} ;fdfg cfFugdf k;f/f] k/]sf] lyof] . db';sf] ef]6] tfNrfsf] ;fFrf] g}g;/fsf k6'sLdf lyof] . kl5 cfP/ afF8kmfF8 ug]{ eg]/ pgLx¿ lg:s] . x'b{'Ëf]n] NofPsf e'l:t3|]n] b'O{ tLg v]k u/]/ uf]s'n]sf gofF 3/df a"9fa"9Lsf ;fdfg;d]t nlulbP . afp cfdfnfO{ xftdf ;dft]/ uf]s'n]n] cfˆg} 3/df ;f]xL lbg leq\Øfof] . k}FtfnL; jif{d} ;f7L jif{sL h:tL b]lvPsL lyOg\ g}g;/f . a"9f To;} klg afx|rf}w jif{ h]7f lyP . x'b{'Ëf]n] To:tf] pTkft u/]kl5 Tof] 3/df pgnfO{ kms]{/ hfg dg nfu]g, t/ db'; t lyof] ToxLF . To;leq s]xL ;DklQ lyof], ;'gf rfFbL klg . g}gf;/fn] elgg\ æcflv/ ef]6] tfNrfsf] ;fFrf] t d}l;t 5, clNn dTy/ ePkl5 Pslbg hfDnf / afF8Lr'F8L u/DnfÆ . 5/aQfpsf] a]nf cfof] . tNnf]af/Lsf] tNnf] 3/ gofF lyof] . ;fgf] vf]nf] glur} lyof] . dflysf kFw]/fdf e]l6Fbf ;d]t x'/x'/]n] n]vLnfO{ ;/fKg afFsL /flvg . uf]s'n] / n]vLn] vf]nfs} lsgf/fdf leQfkl§ 5kgL 9'Ëf ldnfP/ s'jf vg], af9Lsf] kfgL gk:g] agfP . ca x'b{'Ëf]l;t kFw]/f] g} km/s k¥of] . slt dlxgfkl5 Pslbg ;a} ldn]/ db'; vf]Ng uP . s]xL c¿ ufpFn] klg af]nfOPsf lyP, ;DklQ afF8kmfF8sf] s'/f lyof], uf]ljGb kSsf lyP, ;fIfL klg t rflxGy] . db'; /flvPsf] Ps tnfdfly g} ;a} uP, x'b{'Ëf] / p;sL :jf:gL x'/x'/] k|;Gg lyPgg\ . g}g;/fn] k6'sLaf6 ef]6] tfNrfsf] ;fFrf] lems]/ db'; vf]lng\ . dflyNnf] v08df lhDdfnn] lbPsf hUufsf lg:;f / s't a'emfPsf lrs{6f lyP, aLrsf] v08df ;a}sf lrgf l6Kkg lyP . afa'rflxFn] lrgf klg lems]/ x'b{'Ëf] / uf]s'n]nfO{ lbP, 5f]/Lsf] lg ot} lyof], cfPsf a]nf lbg'knf{ eg]/ cfˆgf vftd} /fv] . clg Pp6f kmn]sh:tf]n] 5f]lkPsf] v08 agfPsf] k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 25


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lyof] ;a}eGbf tn . To;df /fv]sf lyP uxgfu'l/of / rfFbLtfdfsf l;Ssf . kmn]s p7fpFbf eg] tNnf] v08 l/Qf] lyof] . uxgfu'l/of ?lkofF k};f s]xL lyPgg\ . hlt s]/] klg x'b{'Ëf] / p;sL :jf:gLn] Pp6} s'/f bf]xf]¥ofO{ /fv] – æ;fFrf] cfˆgf k6'sLdf /fv]sL lyof} . xfdLnfO{ s;/L yfxf x'g]<Æ t/ db'; x]bf{ tnkl§sf] aflx/sf] Pp6f kmNofs xlNnPsf] b]lvof] . afa'n] bfx|f ls6], æc;QL df]/f], afp cfdf dfg]{, efO dfg]{<Æ hlt u/]klg x'b{'Ëf]sf hf]O{kf]O To;eGbf a9L Ps zAb af]n]gg\ . af d'd{'l/P/ d'8\sL p7fP/ hfOnfu] . uf]s'n]n] afnfO{ kfv'/fdf ;dfof], zfGt agfof] / eGof] æhfaf wg eg]sf cfpF5g\ hfG5g\ .Æ ufDn]n] 3/df ;Kk} vgvf]hL u/]/ x]g]{ / x'b{'Ëf]nfO{ kftf s;]/ lhDdfnsf 3/df ePsf] 7]8\sf] NofO{ To;df xfNg] s'/f u/] . uf]s'n]n] ;a}nfO{ /f]Sof] / eGof] æd]/f nflu bfO eg]sf bfO x'g\, bfOsf] lah]t\ u/fP/ dnfO{ rflxPg So} .Æ srx/L To;} ;fd;'d eof] . x'b{'Ëf] / p;sL :jf:gL x'/x'/]nfO{ cf}+nf] 78\ofP/ afpn] eg], ækVnfpm, ltd]?nfO{ lg Pslbg dg{ knf{ . dnfO{ r}+ t}+n] af]Sg lg kb}{g, lsl/of ug{ lg kb}{g . dfO{sf s'/f dfO{ g} hfG5] .Æ To;kl5 3/af6 lg:s]sf afcfdf x'b{'Ëf] / x'/x'/]sf 3/ kms]{gg\ . d'v} x]lb{g eGy] . uf]sn ' s ] f] 3/ k'/fgf] 3/sf] ;Lwf tn lyof] . 7"nf] l8xL lyof], dfly tn t hf]l8Ps} xf], t/ tNnf] 3/ clNn tn} g} tNnf] af/Ldf kYof]]{ . dflyaf6 wfuf] nufP Pp6} /]vfdf kg],{ t/ aLrdf af/Lsf] Pp6f 7"nf] u/f] lyof], To;sf] cUnf] sfGnf]n] ubf{ g dflyNnf] 3/n] tNnf] 3/ b]VYof], g tNnf] 3/n] dflyNnf] 3/ b]VYof] . af eGy] æTof] df]/f] efOdf/fsf] 3/} b]Vg gk/f];\ .Æ dfO{nfO{ eg] eSsfgf] p7\Yof] 3l/3l/ . pgn] lnkkf]t u/]sf] 3/, ;fg}df hGdfPsf] h]7f] 5f]/f] . To} jif{ avf{df cgf}7f] kfgL k¥of] . ebf}lt/ Ps lbgsf] s'/f xf]nf, /flt d';nwf/] kfgL cfof] . laxfg;Dd k/]s} lyof] . Psflaxfg} Ps x"n dfG5] uf]s'n]sf 3/df s/fpFb} cfP . æaflx/ sf] af]n]sf 5g\ < n]vL Û p7 PÆ dfO{ s/fOg\ . laxfgsf] lem;ld;]df l/dl/d dfq ph]nf] ePsf] lyof] . aflx/ cfFugdf :ofv' / 5qL cf]9]/ cf7 b; hgf cfPsf] b]v]/ uf]ljGb cfFvf ldr]/ æs] ef]Æ eGb} lg:s] . pgsf kl5kl5 dfO{, uf]s'n] / n]vL lg:s] . k'Ggaxfb'/n] cl3 ;/]/ cflQFb} eGof] – ædfly hfd\ sfG5f af, dfly hfd\Æ . æs] ef] <Æ æhfd g dfly ÛÆ pgLx¿ hlt ;Sbf] rfF8f] dfly uP . dflyaf6 cfPsf] klx/f]df k/L x'b{'Ëf] / x'/x'/]sf] 3/sf] lrgf]gft} lyPg . 26 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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tnsf] 7"nf] u/f]df 3/sf] 5fgf], uf/f], ‰ofn 9f]sfsf] y'k|f] nfu]sf] lyof] . of] b]v]/ dfO{ a]:;/L /f]Og\ . 3/ h] ;'s} xf];\, 5f]/f a'xf/L, b'O{ gflt / Pp6L gfltgL sxfF lyP s]xL cQf]kQf] lyPg . uf]s'n] bf}l8P/ n]tf] / u]u/dflysf] 5fgfsf] y'k|f]df uof] . pm uPsf b]v]/ s]xL ufpFn] klg p;}l;t klx/f]sf] emb}{ u/]sf] n]tf]df xf]lDdP . uf]s'n]nfO{ bfO efph" / elthf elthLnfO{ lhpFb} km]nf kfg{ ;lsG5 ls eGg] cf; lyof] . af dfO{ ?Fb} lyP . v/sf] 5fgf]d'lg n]tf]df stfstf s] s] rn]h:tf] nfUof] . ‰of; kG5fP/ x]/]sf] x'u{'Ëf]sf] 7"nf] 5f]/f] l;+3]sf] xft /x]5 . uf]s'n]n] ufDn]sf ;xof]un] n]tf] / u]u/ kG5fP/ To;sf] 6fpsf] km]nf kf¥of] / hLp tfGof] . 6fpsfaf6 kfgL vf]TofP/ lxnf] ;kmf u/] . /utkR5] ePsf] lyof], gfs d'v k'l5lbP . 5]pdf dfO{n] k5f}/f cf]5\ofP/ ;'tfOg\, 5ftLdf hfGg]x¿n] lyr], l;+3]n] ;f; km]¥of], t/ klg pm nNofsn'n's g} lyof] . x'b{'Ëf]sf hf]O{kf]O / c¿ b'O{ 5f]/f 5f]/L eg] lbgel/ vf]Hbf klg kQf nfu]gg\ . eft vfO{j/L ;f/f ufpFn] k}/f]df pln{P / Ps Ps 9'Ëf kG5fP . clNnslt dfq} a9\tf k}/f] cfPsf] eP Tof] u]u/ / n]tf] ax]/ uO{ uf]s'n]sf] gofF 3/ klg au]/ hfGYof] / kl/jf/ ;Kk} ;vfk} x'g] /x]5g\ . Pp6} 7f8f] w;f]{df cfkmGt b'O{ kl/jf/sf] 3/ klg agfpg gx'g] /x]5, ufpFn] ;fptL dfb}{ lyP . ePsf s'6] sf]bfnfn] ;f/f ufpFn] nfu]/ vgL vf];|L ubf{ aNnaNn tLg lbgsf lbg rf/} hgfsf] nf; Ps} 7fpFdf km]nf k/] . ToltGh]n;Dd l;+3] cem} /fd|/L af]Ng ;Sg] ePsf] lyPg . p;sf] at{dg -j|taGw_ klg u/]sf] lyPg . uf]s'n]sf b'j} af–dfO{ hLljt} lyP . p;n] lsl/of ug{ ldn]g, af–dfO{ ljXjn lyP, g;f]r]sf] eof] . km]l/ x'b{'Ëf] h]7f] 5f]/f] lyof], h]7f]sf] lsl/of afa'n] gug]{ eg]/ ufpFn]n] klg eg] . glursf Ps hgf sfsf kg]{n] æe}uf] d ul/lbpmFnfÆ eg]/ tlD;P . sfh lsl/of ;lsof] . x'/x'/]sf] ;ft jif{sf] 5f]/f] l;+3] / n]vLsf] rf/ jif{sf] 5f]/f] vu] oL ;a} b[Zosf afn ;fIfL lyP . uf]s'n]sL 5f]/L t'nf ;fg} lyO{ . g}g;/f dfO{sf eg] cfFvf slxNo} cf]efgf ePgg\ . af uf]ljGbn] eg] æo:t} n]v]sf] /x]5Æ eg]/ lrQ a'emfpFb} uP . s:t} eg] klg cfˆgf] h]7f] ;Gtfg, dfO{nfO{ dflysf] 3/ ax]sf] ;f/} lj:dft lyof] . tL hf]O{ kf]OnfO{ kfk nfu]sf], af vfln olQ dfq eGy] . n]vLsf] lbg/ftsf] ldlxg]tn] l;+3] lxpFb;Dd clncln lx8\g;Sg] ePsf] lyof], t/ b]a|] uf]8f ultnf]l;t 6]Sb}gYof] . :jefj p:t} lyof], efO vuljqmd / alxgL t'nfnfO{ b]vL ;xGgYof] . à k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 27


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;do lat] . To;aLrdf uf]s'n] / n]vLsf] t];|f] ;Gtfg 5f]/f] eof] . uf]s'n]sf dfO{ af ‘x'g] x'gfdL o:t} /}5’ eg]/ lrQ a'emfP/ a;]sf lyP . x'b{'Ëf]sf] 5f]/f] l;+xljqmd kl5 /fd|} tª\lu|of], uf]8f eg] s]xL vf]RofP/ lx8\Yof] . dfly ef]6b]lv h/La'6L NofP/ cg]s efdt u/], uf]8f] vf]Rofpg] ;Grf] ePg . afpsf] dg lyof], h] eof] ;f] eof], v]t af/L 5Fb} lyP, P3f/ afx| jif{df l;+3]sf] klg lax] ul/lbP/ cfkm" h]7fs} pxL 5f]/fl;t a:g] pgLx¿sf] ljrf/ lyof] . h] h:tf] eP klg 6'x'/f] ef] eg]/ dfof uy]{ . t/ gf} jif{sf pd]/df p;nfO{ xfdL g} kfN5f}F eg]/ dfdfnL vnsn] pgLx¿s} ufpF >Lsf]6 lnP/ uP . oxfF al;Gh]n klg pm ;fFRr} vu]sf nflu l;+xh:t} l;sf/L g} lyof] . ;;fgf s'/fdf efOa}gLnfO{ xft 5f]8\Yof] . t/ uf]s'n] / n]vLn] p;nfO{ slxNo} 5'6\ofP/ Jojxf/ u/]gg\ . >Lsf]6sf p;sf dfdnL eg] plxn] stfsf /fhfsf sfhL ePsf /], km'tL{ uy]{, cfP, efGhf]nfO{ hah{:tL g} u/]/ lnP/ uP . p;n] klg Ps jrg d oxLF xh'/af cfdfl;t a:5' eg]g . b'O{ jif{;Dd l;+3]nfO{ v"a ;Dem] xh'/af xh'/cfdfn] . æb;}Fdf 6Lsf yfKg klg cfPg x} < sfn/flq k"hfdf lg cfPg x} Û xfdLnfO{ la:of{] xf]nfÆ eGy] /ftf]lbg . To} lk/n] xf] ls s] xf] To; 36gfsf rf/ jif{kl5 klxn] af uf]ljGb / To;sf kfFr d}gfdf cfdf g}g;/f u/L b'j} dflysf] af6f] nfu] . cfdf lat]sf k}tfnL; lbg sf6]kl5 uf]s'n]n] ufdsf enfßL / lhDdfjfn af]nfP/ Pp6f srx/L /flvlbof] . l;+3] / p;sf dfdfnLnfO{ klg af]nfO{ lbof] . dfO{ afsf efusf] v]t af/L klg cfwfcfwf ul/lbof] . lhDdfn afn] csf]{ sfutkq agfOlbP . >Lsf]6b]lv wfOwfO l;Fhf cfP/ v]tL ug{ ;lhnf] lyPg . l;+3]sf dfdfn] uf]s'n]nfO{ eg] æx]g{'; HjfO{+, oL efGhfsf] xs klg dfg{ ePg, v]tLkftL oxfFn] g} nfpg';\, t/ oltGh]nsf] h] eof] eof] ca eg] >Lk~rdLdf af]nfP/ clwofF lbg'xf]nf .Æ uf]s'n]n] æx;Æ eGof] . à t/ ljutsf kfFr 5 jif{;Dd >Lk~rdLdf >Lsf]6af6 sf]xL cfPgg\ . p;n] va/ u/]sf] xf] . gcfP klg jif{ jif{sf cfDbfgL ufpFn]sf /f]xa/df Pp6f nfdf] km]6fdf afWb} ufF7f] kfb}{ u/]/ uf]s'n]n] /fvL lbof] . n]vLnO{ klg cfˆgf] xs gk'Ug] ;DklQdf /QL klg nf]e lyPg . à ;'g]cg';f/ t]x| rf}w jif{sf pd]/df l;+3]sf] lax] klg e} ;s]sf] lyof] /] . pgLx¿nfO{ af]nfpFbf klg af]nfPgg\ . ptf dfdfnLn] 5'§} 3/ agfP/ 28 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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/flvlbPsf 5g\ /] . l;+3] t l;+3] e} xfNof] a'xf/L klg Psbd} rnfv 5] /] . dfO{ af lat]s} klg kfFr;ft jif{ e};s]sf lyP . uf]s'n] pgGtL; tL;sf] ePsf] lyof] . n]vL g} ;QfO{; c¶fO{;sL lyO{ . vuljqmd rf}wdf lyof] xf]nf, t'nf P3f/sL lyO{ . ;fgf] 5f]/f] e"k] g} cf7 jif{ x'Fb} lyof] . cfˆgf ;dosf lx;fan] uf]s'n]nfO{ ca 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] lax]af/L ug{ l9nf] e};s]sf] lyof] . pgLx¿sf] kfnf]eGbf 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] clncln l9nf] lax] x'Fb} lyof] . km]l/ vuljqmd ;NofgL /fhfsf l;kfxL x'g hfg] eGYof], p;sf] Tof] s'/fn] 5f]/L lbg cfPsf klg xRs]sf lyP . To;}n] ca pm uf]7 a:g'eGbf klxn] t'nfsf nflu pgLx¿ s]6fsf] vf]hLdf lyP . clncln v]tLkftL a9fpg ;s] yf]/} hf]/hfd x'g ;SYof] . …rfnL;]] nfUg'eGbf klxn] logsf] aGbf]a:t ul/lbP vfG5g\Ú eGYof] uf]s'n] . 3/ aufP/ k}/f]n] NofPsf 7fpFdf 7"nf] u/f] lyof] . 3}of wfg x'GYof] . k}/f] uPsf] klg emG8} b; jif}{h:tf] e};s]sf] lyof] xf]nf . elthf]sf] klg cQf]kQf] lyPg . x'gt Tof] u/f] bfOs} efudf lyof] . ;;fgf emf/ dfq geP/ 7'n} la?jf ca ‰ofDd k/]sf ?v x'g yfn]sf lyP . To;} 5f]8\bf kl5 cfjfbL u/]/ vfg d'l:sn x'g ;SYof] . clncln kG5fOk'G5fO{ u/]/ v]tL ug{ldNg] agfpg' knf{ eg]/ uf]s'n]n] v]tfnf nufof] . v]tfnfn] vGb} lyP, 9'Ëf df6f] kG5fpFb} hfFbf Pp6f s'lxPsf] afSnf] sk8f dlSsP/ uPsf] b]lvof] . uf]s'n] klg ;Fu} vGb} lyof] . To;df t plta]nf x/fP eg]sf uxgf / l;Ssf kfOP . va/ k'u]kl5 n]vL klg 3/af6 5f]/f] vu], 5f]/L t'nf / sfG5f] e"k]nfO{ lnP/ cfO{ . n]vL a'emsL lyO{, egL æk}n] klg o} uxgf / k};fn] snxsf] aLp /f]k]sf] xf] . xfdLnfO{ s;}sf] wg Ps /QL rflxGg, n P]n] g} k~renfßL af]nfpm, lhDdfn af klg af]nfpm / s] slt km]nf k/]sf] xf] n]vf]6 agfP/ /fv . gq of] emu8fsf] cfuf] xf], 3/d} gx'nÆ eg]/ c8\8L u/L . ltg} v]tfnfdWo] b'O{ hgfnfO{ lhDdfn af;lxt of]of] dfG5] af]nfP/ Nofpm eg]/ uf]s'n]n] eGof] . n]vL 3/df uO{ / 8fnfel/ ds} e'6]/ lnP/ cfO{ . pm cfOk'Ubf sf]xL cfO;s]sf lyP, sf]xL afFsL g} lyP . lhDdfn afn] cfpgf;fy uxgf / ePsf rfFbLtfdfsf l;Ssfsf lg/LIf0f u/] . ;a} ltg} x/fof] elgPsf g} lyP . uf]s'n] dfO{ af ;Dem]/ /f]of] . s]xL jif{ lat]/ uO;s]sf lyP . uf]ljGbnfO{ cfkm"n] b'vn] hf]8]sf] / k'vf{sf] kfnfb]lvsf] ;d]t ;DklQ ePsfn] lgs} g} dgdf nfu]sf] lyof] . t/ Tof] gkfOFbfs} cj:yfdf pgLx¿ a"9fa"9L g} k/nf]s uP . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 29


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lhDdfn afn] ;Kk} uxgfsf] gfd n]v]/ sfutdf Pp6f ;"rL klg agfO{ lbP . clg To;}df s'grflxF uxgf sqf] xf] eGg] cfsf/ ls6fgL ug{ sfutdf ;a} uxgf /fv]/ x/]ssf] jl/kl/sf] 3]/f] klg sf]l/lbP . To;kl5 sfsf uf]s'nljqmd / elth l;+xljqmd nfO{ efu nufpg] u/L uxgf / l;Ssf g/ds/d ldnfP/ b'O{ efu nufO{ lbP . lhDdfnn] æPs efu 5fg]/ lnpmÆ eGbf n]vLn] æh]7fh'sf] 5f]/f] l;+xljqmd gcfO{sg of] uxgf / k};f d lnGgFÆ eg]/ c8\8Lu/L . pg} lhDdfn afn] h'lQm lgsfn] . Tof] ;a} uxgf u'l/of / l;Ssf cflbsf] csf]{ klg b'O6f ;"rL agfOlbP . Pp6f ;"rL / lr¶L lnP/ b'O{ hgf dfG5] l;+3]sxfF >Lsf]6 k7fOof], / csf]{ ;"rLsf] sfut agfP/ uf]s'n]nfO{ lbOof] . t];|f] ;"rL / ;a} u/ uxgf, ?lkofF k};f ufpFn]sf /f]xa/df lhDdfn afsxfF g} /flvof] . ef]lnkN6 a]n'sL;Dd l;+xljqmd cfˆgf bnan;lxt cfof] eGg] ;"rgf uf]s'n]n] kfof] . eGy] tLg6f 3f]8f r9]/ cfPsf 5g\ /] . otfaf6 va/ n}hfg]n] g} pm cfPsf] ;"rgf klg lbP . pgLx¿ a:grflxF dfly p;s} ;flgdf kg]{sf 3/df a;] . TolQsf lbg;Dd a;]sf 3/df klg l;+3] kms]{/ uPg . xh'/af xh'/cfdf laTbf klg kms]{/ cfPg, g dfdfnL vns g} sf]xL cfP . clxn] p;sf] rfn9fn g} csf]{ lyof] . dfly af6'n] rf}tf/fdf e]nf x'g] eg]/ p;}n] va/ k7fof] . lhDdfn afnfO{ klg ToxLF e]nf x'g] egL l;+3]n] g} dfG5] lng k7fof] . n]vLn] tLg 8fnf ds} e'6]/ b'gf / 6k/L;d]t hf]xf] u/]/ uO{ . uf]s'n] cfˆgf km]6fdf ufF7f] kf/]/ afFw]sf] x/]s ;fnsf] cfDbfgLsf] l;+3]sf] efu 3fF6Ldf dfnfh:tf] le/]/ psfnf] nfUof] . Ps 8fnf] ds} n]vL cfkmF}n] lnO{, vu]n] bfofF afofF u/]/ b'O{ 8fnf] ds} af]Sof], t'nfn] Pp6f nf]6fn] 5f]k]/ Ps 3}F6f] kfgL af]sL . csf]{ cf7 jif{sf] ;fgf] 5f]/f] e"k]G›n] kfgL vfg] sfg] b'gf / ds} vfg] 7"nf af]xf]tf Pp6f ;;fgf] asf]{df a]/]/ af]Sof] . cfkm"n] af]nfPsf ufpFn] ePsfn] ltgnfO{ vfhf kfgL lbg' st{Jo lyof], of] s'/f n]vLn] /fd|f] a'em]sL lyO{ . af6'n] rf}tf/fdf ufDn]sf] 7"n} hd36 eof] . uf]s'n]sf hxfg k'Ubf slt dfG5] t hDdf eO;s]sf lyP, sf]xL cfpFb} lyP . lhDdfn af klg cfP . pgL klg la:tf/} a"9f x'Fb} uPsf, t/ hf]l;nf lyP . 5f]/fnfO{ lhDdfnL ;fg{ sfdsfh l;sfpFb} lyP . sk8fsf] sfutkq xfNg] af;f elgg] Pp6f t'gf] ePsf] 7"nf] y}nf] 5f]/fnfO{ af]sfP/ NofPsf lyP . pgL cfPkl5 af6'n] rf}tf/fdf dflg;x¿sf] af6'n} 3]/f] aGof] . lhDdfn afn] cfˆgf sfutkq 30 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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x]/]/ s;s;n] s"t a'emfpg afFsL xf] lx;falstfa x]b}{ lyP, l;+xljqmd / p;sf b'O{ dfdfx¿ 3f]8fdf r9]/ cfO{ k'u] . ltgsf ;fydf b'O{tLg hgf c¿ klg lyP . l;+xljqmd / p;sf] Pp6f dfdfn] cufl8 l;p/ xfn]sf] 6f]kL nufP/ cfPsf lyP . 3f]8faf6 em/]/ rf}tf/f]df a:g' k}n] ;Fu} cfPsf] ;';f/]n] tLgj6f rs6L la5\ofO lbof] . Pshgf dfdfrflxFn] ˆof§ eGof] ælhDdfn af xfd|f] sfd ug{ geP/ cfˆgf] lhDdfnL ug{ kf] cfPsf /}5g\Æ . Ps} l5g jftfj/0f g} rsdGg eof] . lhDdfn afn] cfFvL ef}F prfn]/ ltgnfO{ x]/] . clg uf]s'nljqmdnfO{ ;f]w] æs] t]/f] bfOsf] 5f]/f] l;+xljqmd eg]sf] oxL xf]<Æ . p;n] æxf]Æ df hjfkm lbof], æd}n] lrg] klg lgodn] ufpFn]sf cufl8 of] ;f]Wg'k5{Æ pgn] k|:6 kf/] . ;a} a;]kl5 lhDdfnafsf] y}nf] vf]lnof] . pgn] eg] –æcl:tsf lbg d}n] n]v]/ lbPsf] sfut Nofcf], / To} cg';f/ oxfF eP gePsf] x]/ . n uxgf / l;Ssf log} x'g\ . g/ds/d a/f]a/L 5 . uf]nf xfn, PsPs efu n]cf] . a?, d]/f] klg vfGsL o:t} sfd xf], ltd]? b'j}n] dnfO{ dlª\;/df ls cf7cf7 kfyL rfdn, ls ;f]x|;f]x| kfyL wfg, ls PsPs d'/L ds} lbg k5{, Tof] of] ;a} ul/lbPsf] lhDdfnL b:t"/ xf] .Æ ælhDdfn afn] xfd|f afh]sf kfnfb]lv ul/cfpg' ePsf] xf] . dnfO t XjfF sf] sfddf eGg' 5}g, n sfsf d}n] Ps efu lnPF, csf]{ Ps efu tkfO{+ lng';\Æ l;+xljqmdn] eGof] / cfkm"n] /f]h]/ Ps efu uxgf l;Ssf lnof] . æuf]s'nljqmdsf] kfnf] caÛÆ lhDdfnafn] eg] . uf]s'n]n] Psflt/ cfˆgf] efusf] uxgf l;Ssf lnP/ n]vLnfO{ ;dfpg lbof] eg] csf{lt/ 3fF6Ldf dfnfh:tf] u/L le/]sf] ufF7}ufF7f kf/]sf] p;sf] km]6f km'sfP/ ufDn]sf] cufl8 x/]s jif{sf] cfDbfgLsf ¿lkofF eg]/ elthf] l;+3]nfO{ lbof] . l;+3]n] Tof] klg lnof], cfˆgf dfdfnfO{ /fVg lbof] / p7]/ rsf]{ :j/df af]Nof] – æ;fgfafpn] lx;fa u/]/ lbP, d}n] lnPF, s'/f ;lsof] eGg' ef] xf]nf . s'/f olQs}df ;lsGg . lhDdfn af / ;a} ufDn]x¿Û cfh pa]nf x/fPsf uxgf / l;Ssf kfOof] elgof], To} kf]sfsf sf/0f afh]aHo}n] d]/f dfO{ –afnfO{ x]nfF klg u/], oL uxgf sfsfn] g} /fv]sf klg t x'g;Sy] lg ÛÆ p;n] olt af]n]sf] ;'Ggf;fy To; lbg v]tfnf x'g] / vGg]x¿ w'/p7]/ af]n] – æxfdL 5f}F vGg]x¿, uf]s'n] / n]vLdfly bf]if gnuf, uf]s'n]n] Hofgsf] afhL yfk]/ tFnfO{ k}x|f]af6 glems]sf] eP tF plta]n} df]l/;lSy;\ .Æ lhDdfn afn] yk] – æn]vLn] elthf]sf] efu g5'6\ofO{ of] 3/} x'lNbgF eg]/ nlug, tF k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 31


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P]n] logLx¿sf] Odfgdf zÍf u5{;\ < logn] rfx]sf eP h] klg ug{ ;Sy] .Æ l;+3] kl5lNt/af6 csf]{ dfdfsf] pS;fx6df af]Nb} lyof] æp;f] eP, d]/f] af/L v]tL kf] u/]/ vfg lbPsf] lyof] t, lsg vGgkYof]{]< d h}n] cfP/ cfˆgf] af/L ldnfpFy]F ldnfpFy]F, ul9Þ/fVYof] al;/fVYof] .Æ æcab]lv t]/f] af/L t}+ u/\, ;fVv} bfOsf] 5f]/f] xf];\ eg]/ emg\ af/L klg ldnfOlbg vf]h]sf], pN6f]pN6f] s'/f ubf]{ /x]5Æ – uf]s'n] klg l/;fof] . æx]g{';\ sfsfsfsL – l/;fpg] s'/f] 5}g, l/;fpg xfdLnfO{ lg cfpF5, n e}uf] uxgf / ?lkofF t olt g} x'g\ /] . tkfO{+n] lbPsf] cfo:tf t of] ;fFaf eof], o;sf] Aofh klg t xf]nf lg .Æ l;+3]sf] s'/fn] c¿nfO{ klg ttfof] . lhDdfn af h'?Ss p7], / eg] – æd}n] lgofF sf] s'/f af]Ngk5{, To} eP/ lhDdfn agfsf x'g\ . x]/ l;+3], t}Fn] uf]s'n]nfO{ C0f lbPsf] xf];\ / p;n] Aofh ltg]{ < t}Fn] x/]s ;fn >Lk~rdLdf cfP/ cfˆgf] efu cfo:tfsf] gubL lhG;L ¿lkofF lsg nlug;\ < p;n] emg\ :ofxf/]/ /flvlbPsf] 5, pN6f] Aofh vf]Hg]< lxhf] d}n] :ofxf/L lbPF, n]vfk9L klg ul/lbPF, dnfO{ ltd]?n] wfg ds} ltg{k5{ eg]/ d}n] lgod nufPF, xf] < To;} u/L oL ;ft jif{;Dd t]/f] cfDbfgL :ofxf/]/ P]n] cfˆgf] km]6f;d]t tFnfO{ a'emfPsf]df uf]s'n]nfO{ t}n] pN6f] b:t"/ ltg{k5{, l;lQdf ;DklQsf] /Iff x'G5 < a8f] Aofh vf]Hbf] efsf] < PO uf]s'n], ca cfpg] jif{ t}Fn] o; kfhLnfO{ r'g\ bfd lbg kb}{g . n, tF hf P]n] ÛÆ lhDdfn af xSsL klg lyP . l:ylt clNn /Gs]sf] b]v]/ n]vL ;'FSs;'FSs u/L . vuljqmdn] 6k/L6k/Ldf ;a}nfO{ e'6]sf ds} afF8\of] . t'nfn] g'g v';f{gL / nf]6fdf kfgL afF8L . ufDn] cfˆgf] cg's"n gePsf b]v]/ l;+3]sf] dfdfn] efGhfnfO{ k5fl8 cfkm"lt/ tfGof], / cfkm" cufl8 ;/]/ xft hf]8]/ eGof] – æefGhf sRr} 5g\, logsf s'/fdf gnfuLlbg' xf];\ . ca k|s[lt To:t} eof], xfd|f efGhfsf] pt} >Lsf]6d} 3/ ag]sf] 5 . ptf XofË\n"sL d'lvofsL 5f]/Ll;t lax] efsf] 5, hfohGd lg e};Sof] . lognfO{ af/Daf/ lguf/ vf]nf t/]/ cfO/fVg ldNb}g . xh'/x¿n] So} pkfo ul/lbg k¥of] .Æ x'gt p;n] s]xL ;fDo kfg]{ lx;fan] s'/f u/]sf] lyof] . eL8sf] aLraf6 xG;] bfO lg:s]/ eg] – æx]g{';, uf]s'nsf] Odfgdf zÍf ug{' eg]sf] pmdfly cGofo xf] . x'b{'Ëf] / uf]s'n]df cfsfz kfQfnsf] km/s 5 .Æ l;ª\v] s/fof] – æc¿ h:tf;'s} xf]pmg dnfO{ dtna efsf] s'/f x}g, d]/f] afpsf] gfd lng] sf] Tof] <Æ kNnf3/] /fjnn] klg ;xL yfKof] – æk|To]s ;fn logsf v]tLkftL 32 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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l;4lj4 nfOlbg] xfdL x'd\ . l;+3]sf] efu 5'6\ofOlbg] lg xfdL x'd\, a¿ cfkm"nfO{ sDtL /fv]sf 5g\ l;+3]nfO{ df/]sf 5}gg\ .Æ k5fl8af6 l;+3] km]l/ s/fof] æ;a ldn]sf 5g\ dfdf, ;a ldn]sf 5g\, xfdL hfd\ ÛÆ dfdfn] eGof] – æ;w}FnfO{ of] e›uf]n /fv]/ x'b}g efGhf, kv .Æ srx/Llt/ kms]{/ km]l/ xft hf]8]/ dfdfrflxFn] eGof] æd]/f efGhfsf] uNtL ;a} dfkm ul/lbg';\, oL afnv} 5g\ . a¿ of] v]taf/L xh'/x¿n], ldn] uf]s'n HjfOF cfkm}Fn] lnO{ lbP x'GYof] .Æ p;sf s'/f ;'g]/ Psl5g srx/L g} cs}{ wf/lt/ uof] . ;a}sf cfFvf lhDdfn aflt/ nfu] . s]xL a]/sf] df}gtfkl5 pgL p7] / O;f/f u/]/ n]vLnfO{ cfˆgf glurdf af]nfP clg l;+3]nfO{ klg cufl8 af]nfP/ eg] æx]/, l;+3], hlta]nf t}+n] afpcfdf u'dfO;\ o} sfG5Lcfdfn] tFnfO{ cfˆgf 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] efu vf];]/ v'jfP/ x'sf{O{ . tLg jif{ t al;;\ lg . of] P]n] km]nf k/]sf] uxgfu'l/of / ?lkofF klg logLx¿n] geg]sf eP t]/f xftdf s]xL kb}{gYof] . ca t}Fn] dfdf3/lt/} 3/hd a;fO;\, otfsf aGw', s'n Oi6ldqeGbf 6f9f g} a:g] xf];\ eg], nf of] n]vLsf] xftsf] uxgf / ¿lkofFsf] kf]sf] n}hf, oxfFsf ;Kk} af/L / v]t efOa}gLnfO{ ;Dem]/ logLx¿nfO{ b] .Æ lhDdfn afsf] crfgssf] k|:tfj ;'g]/ l;+3] xSsgaSs eof] . ædnfO{ Psl5g\ dfdfl;t ;Nnfx ug{ lbg;\Æ eg]/ dfdfnfO{ tfgL l;+3]n] srx/Laf6 aflx/ nUof] . Ps}l5gsf] 6fpsf] hf]/fhf]/kl5 pgLx¿ cfP . l;+3]n] eGof] – æx'gt xfdL b'j}sf efudf slt bf}nt k/]sf] 5 d hflGbgF, t/ Toqf] v]taf/LnfO{ olQn] clNn k'u]g ls .Æ æw]/} a7\ofO{+ gu/, logLx¿ klg afpcfdfsf sfh lsl/of, gofF 3/sf] a]j:yf cflbn] P]n] c¿ xfNg klg ;Sb}gg\, d'vdf s]6fs]6Lsf] rf8 5 . x'G5, kf]sf] af]s\ hf, x'Gg x/]s ;fn >Lk~rdLdf cfOh, gq sfsfn] kf/]sf] ufF7f]df lrQ a'emf . xf] ls x}g efO xf]<Æ ;a}n] Ps d'vn] lhDdfn afsf s'/fdf ;xL yfk] – æx'G5 eg] P]n] XofF sfutdf NofKr] nuf, xftdf cfPsf] ;DklQ nL, hfÆ pgn] lg0f{o ;'gfP . l;+3]l;t c¿ pkfo klg lyPg . Ps b'O{ hgfl;t ;Nnfx klg u/]sf] t xf], t/ ufpFn] zfob o; emu8fn"sf] v]tL clwofF ug{ sf]O{ tof/ lyPgg\ . s':tLdf xf/]sf] n't] kxndfgh:t} pm n'?Ss cfP/ lhDdfn afsf 5]pdf a:of] . n]vLn] uxgf / ?lkofFsf] kf]sf] lbO{ . p;n] lhDdfnn] eg]sf hldgsf k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 33


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clen]v /fv]sf 9•fdf cf}F7fsf] 5fk nufof] . a"9fn] uf]s'n]sf] klg ;xL u/fP . ToxL+sf] ToxLF pgn] ;a} hUuf hldgsf] lg:;f uf]s'n]sf gfddf agfO lbP . l;+3] wgsf kf]sf lnP/ dfdfx¿l;t uof] . uf]s'n] / n]vL lhDdfn afsf z/0fdf cfP . ufpFn]n] lhDdfnfafsf] Gofosf] ;/fxgf u/] . ca afa'afh]n] cfh]s { f] k'vf{sf] ;DklQ ;a} uf]sn ' s ] f] gfddf cfPsf] lyof], p;sf] Odfg, ;/ntf / n]vLsf] xSsLkgf l;Fhfsf ufpFel/ k|l;4 lyof] . 5/aQfpsf a]nf ToxfF v]tfnf gk'u] csf]{ ufpF ?dfn]lt/af6 klg v]tfnf cfp+y] . s]xL lbg em'kf| ] agfP/} a:y] . hlt;'s} xf];,\ Tof] kf]sfsf] uxgfu'l/of / l;SsfeGbf cfˆg} ldlxg]tsf] v]tL ls;fgL uf]sn ' n ] fO{ /fd|f] nfUYof] . à lbg lat] . afx| jif{sL ePkl5 t'nfsf nflu pgLx¿ lax] ug{ cflQP . uf]s'n]sf] ;/nkgf ;'g]/ laxLsf sfhL vnsaf6 s]6L dfUg cfP . laxL clNn 6f9} lyof], Ps /ft af; klg a:g kYof]{], / aLrdf s0ff{nL klg lyof] . t} 3/ /fd|f] lyof], t'nfnfO{ lax] u/]/ k7fP . ;a}sf] To:t} pd]/d} lax] x'GYof], cf7 gf} jif{sf pd]/df g} s]6Lx¿ dgf]j}1flgs¿kn] lax]sf nflu tof/ x'Gy] . 5/l5d]sdf ;a}sf] To:t} x'GYof], t'nf klg tof/ lyO{ . p;sf] 3/ clNn 6f9f t lyof], t/ /fd|f] lyof] . b'O{ 5f]/fdf h]7f] vuljqmd / sfG5f] e"kljqmddf emG8} 5 jif{sf] km/s lyof], aLrdf t'nf lyO{ . vu] rf}wsf] x'Fbf e"k] cf7sf] lyof] . dfO{ afn] vfP gvfPsf] x]g]{ / ltgsf n'ufkmf6f wf]OkvfnL ug]{, clg cfdfnfO{ leqaflx/ ;3fpg] sfddf t'nf vl6GyL . p;sf lax] ePkl5 3/ clNn z"Go eof] . æ;fg} 5], Ps b'O{ ;fn /fv]/ k7fO{ lbpFnf eg]sf], xfd|f 3/df 5f]/L 5}gg\, xfdL 5f]/L;/x /fV5f}FÆ eg], lbO{ t ;lsof], pgs} hxfg eO{, h] u¿g . v]tLkftL ca /fd|} lyof] . km]6fdf ufF7f] kfg{ kb}{gYof] . cfo:tf eg] k'Ug] dfqfdf g} lyof], nf} t eGbf, ufpFdf uf]s'n]sf hUuf hldg / v]tL c¿sf eGbf w]/} lyof] . ssf{dsf{df ufpFn]x¿ cfpFy] / n]vL uf]s'n]n] gubL jf lhG;Ldf s;}nfO{ ljd'v kÞmsf{pFb}gy] . uf]s'n] / n]vLdf cxd\ lyPg, cfˆgf] v]tLkftLsf] sfd ;Sbf;Dd cfkm}F uy]{ . uf]/vfsf /fhfn] klZrdtl/sf d'n's lhTb} cfPsf 5g\ eGg] v'a} xNnf lyof] . lht] klg lht]sf 7fpFdf cfˆgf k'/fgf /fhfn] sf6]sf 6s ¿lkofF rn]s} 5g\ eGy] . ;Nofgsf /fhfsf] kmf}hdf l;kfxL x'g hfG5' 34 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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eg]sf] vuljqmd uf]vf{nL l;kfxLn] lhTb} cfPsf 5g\ eGg] ;'g]kl5 xlRsof] . alxgLsf] lax] ePsf] csf]{ jif{ p;nfO{ Tot} glur} vdfn]sL s]6L vf]h]/ uf]s'n] / n]vLn] lax] ul/lbP . 5f]/L uO{, a'xf/L cfO{ . hxfg hlQsf] tlQ ef] . sfG5f] clNn a]Un} lyof], g vfgsf] zf]v g nufpgsf] . k"hfcfhfdf To;sf] dg ;fg}b]lv lyof] . p;sf] Wofg a]Un} s]s] s'/fdf lyof], dlGb/df uP/ 3G6f}+ a:Yof] . P3f/ jif{sf pd]/df p;n] Pslbg afp dfO{nfO{ uDeL/ s'/f u¥of] . h'Dnfdf sfzLaf6 k9]/ cfPsf b]jsf]6f kl08tsf] u'?s'n 5 eGy], sfG5f] e"k]G›n] pg}sxfF uP/ s]xL ;fn k9]/ cfpF5' eg]/ lh2L u¥of] . 3/df h]7f] 5f]/f a'xf/L lyP, o;/L k9\g c¿ klg hfGy] . 5f]/fsf] lh2L b]v]/ pgLx¿n] lrQ a'emfP . uf]s'n]n] rGbggfynfO{ efSof], ToxfF nu]/ r9fpg' egL 5'§} kf]sf klg agfP/ 5f]/fnfO{ lbof] . b'O{hgf el/of nufP/ ;fdnt'dn af]sfP/ vr{;d]t lbP/ sfG5f] 5f]/f]nfO{ h'Dnf k7fof] . eGof] of] ;fn a? b;}Fdf gcfP x'G5 df3] ;qmflGtdf cfpg", >Lk~rdL;Dd a:g] u/L u'?l;t labf dfu]/ cfP;\ . e"k] hfg]a]nf n]vLn] cfFvf /l;nf kf/L . ‘cfdf, d cfPkl5 kl5 lhDdfn af h:t} x'G5'’ eg]/ pm uof] . à To;avtdf s'g} lr7L kq k7fpg] of] va/ ug]{ s]xL tl/sf t lyPgg\ . sfG5f] 5f]/f] gx'Fbf b;}F ltxf/ vNnf] eof] . otf vuljqmdsL b'nxL ;'Gb'snf bf]lhof eO{ . vu] klg t ev{/ ;q c7f/sf] lyof], x'gt pm hlGdFbf uf]s'n] kG„ k'u]/ ;f]x|df 6]s]sf] lyof] . n]vL rf}wsL lyO{ . o; k':tfdf clnslt Ps jif{hlt logLx¿ 7"nf ePsf lyP . t/ afp cfdfsf cl3 ;fg} lyP . uf]s'n] / n]vL eg] 3/df gfltgfltgf leq\Øfpg] t/v/df lyP . df3] ;qmflGtdf cfpg] eg]sf] e"k] cfPg . cl3Nnf] lbg;Dd a]n'sf t} 6'Kn'Ss cfOxfN5 ls eGg] lyof], tNnf] ufpFsf kl08tsf dflxnf 5f]/f klg pt} lyP, a'‰g hfg' k¥of] eg]/ df3] ;qmflGtsf lbg laxfg uf]s'n] pgLsxfF hfg l7Ss k/]sf] lyof], kl08tsf h]7f] 5f]/f] 6'Kn'Ss pgs} 3/ cfOk'Uof] . 5f]/Lsf lax]df kl08tn] NofPsf lyP, p;n] lrlgxfNof] . æcxf] clNn l9nf] ef] lg afa', eft vfO;lsof] s] 6Lsf nufpg', t} blIf0ff lbg kfOof] . d} cfpg l7Ss k/]sf] lyPFÆ eGof] uf]s'n]n] . p;n] xtf/df cfkm"nfO{ cx|fPsf] sfd ug{ vf]Hof] / ;f]Wof] æx}g sfsf, efO cfPsf] 5}g < xfd|f] /fd' / e"k' ;Fu} cfpg] s'/f lyof] /] . efO cfPg, afn] k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 35


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hf a'em]/ cfOh egL k7fpg' ePsf]Æ kl08t afsf] 5f]/f] uDeL/ eof] . So} k¥of] xf]nf, cfPgg\ s]6fx¿ . gq ptf sgsf;'Gb/Lsf k'hf/Lsf 5f]/f klg pt} k9\5g s] /] ef]ln pgLsxfF uP/ a'‰g knf{ . kl08tsf 5f]/f gvfO{ cfPsf lyP, pgnfO{ n]vLn] rfdn lems]/ Pp6f vf]tf}nLdf lbO{ . s]6fn] n'uf km]/]/ eft a;fn], n]vLn] Ps yf]s emf]lnnf] t/sf/L agfOlbO{ . vfP, / uP . ef]lnkN6 laxfg}, kl08tafh] cfkm} g} 6'Kn'Ss cfOk'u] . uf]s'n] ufO{ b'x'Fb} lyof], af]nfP . æP uf]s'n] efO, x}g xfd|f] 5f]/fn] vr{ ;lsPsf] 5, o;kfln cfpg' g} k5{ eg]/ lr¶L k7fPsf] lyof], ltgLx¿ b'O{ hgf ;fy]h:tf lyP c/] . df3] ;qmlGtdf cfpg] eg]s} lyP, t/ otf klg s]6f] cfPg5, a'‰g hfg k5{ ls<Æ kl08tn] To;f] eg]kl5 n]vLsf] dg lr;f] eof] . To;f] t e"k]l;t vr{sf] TolQ vfFrf] lyPg, k'Ug] g} lyof], vfln e]63f6sf] dfq s'/f lyof] . æTo;f] eP e"k]l;t ;/;fk6L u/]/ xfd|fn] klg sfd rnfof] ls <Æ kl08t afh] cfZj:t b]lvP klg uf]s'n] eg] sfG5f]k|lt clNn ;zlÍt g} lyof] . Tof] a9L wfld{s lsl;dsf] klg lyof] . uf]s'n]sf ufpFeGbf tLgrf/ sf]; blvgklZrd sgsf;'Gb/Lsf] dlGb/sf k'hf/L afh]sf gflt klg h'Dnfsf ltg} b]jsf]6f kl08tsxfF k9\g a:y] . uf]s'n] / kl08t afh] pxL+;Dd k'u]/ a'em]/ cfpg] ljrf/ u/] . uf]s'n]sf] dg clNn s:tf]s:tf] eof] . e"k] afa'cfdfsf] /fd|f] Vofn ug]{ 5f]/f] lyof] . Psrf]l6 Pp6f ax/n] xfg]/ n8fPsf] lyof] uf]s'n]nfO{ . 5 ;ft jif{sf] e"k]n] lg8/ eO{ nf}/f] lnP/ To;nfO{ n3f/]sf] dfq x}g ls afa'nfO{ ;d]t tfg]/ ;xf/f lbO{ 3/;Dd ;s'zn NofPsf] lyof] . n]vLn] klg cfˆgf] cfFvf] kmkm{/fPsf] s'/f u/L . em6k6 u/]/ hlt ;s]sf] l56} uf]s'n]s} 3/df kl08thLsf] klg ef]hg eof], Pp6f eftsf] dfq s'/f lyof], b"w lyof], t/sf/L rlnxfNYof] . b'j} ldnL r8s]/ sgsf;'Gb/Lsf k'hf/L afh]sf 3/ k'Ubf dWofGghlt dfq} ePsf] lyof] xf]nf . df3 d}gfsf] lr;f], sl:;P/} lxF8] b'j}, l56} k'u]; dgdf lrGtf lyof] . 5f]/fx¿sf] va/ klg ;f]Wg' lyof] . à k'hf/Lafh] a"9f e};s]sf /x]5g\ . pgsf Psdfq 5f]/fsf] b]xfGt e};s]sf] lyof], ltg} 5f]/fsf b'O{ 5f]/f, k'hf/Lafsf gflt lyP . tLdWo] h'Dnfdf 36 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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k9\g a;]sf] sfG5f]rflxF gflts]6f] klg e"k] / kl08t afh]sf] 5f]/f]eGbf tLg rf/ jif}{ h]7f]h:tf] /x]5 . ænf}, ltgLx¿n] 3/df eGb} geg]sf x'g\ tÆ afh]sf] gfltn] lj:dft x'g] va/ ;'gfof] ædlª\;/df Pshgf sfzLsf u'? bQfq]o afaf rGbggfysf] bz{gsf nflu cfpg'ePsf] lyof] . tL b'O{hgf t dlª\;/d} xfd|f b]jsf]6f u'?l;t labfafbL eO{ – xfdL sfzL k9\g hfG5f}F egL pg} u'?l;t kl5 nfu]/ sfzL uPsf x'g\ . a¿ e"k] efOsf cf]9\g] cf]5\ofpg] dnfO{ lbP/ uPsf 5g\ . dfG5] k7fO{ lbg'xf];\ d k7fO{ lbpFnfÆ afh]sf gfltn] a]nLla:tf/ nufof] . p;f] t k}n] klg Ps b'O{rf]l6 e"k]n] sfzL uP/ k9\g kfP x'GYof] eg]sf] xf] . uf]s'n]n] æpkfWo] afx'gnfO{ xf] afa', xfdL 5]qLnfO{ sfzLsf] k9fO sfd 5}gÆ eg]/ ;DemfpFYof] . æk9\g klg afx'g / 5]qLsf] s'/f x'G5 / af ÛÆ pml;t k|To'Q/ ug]{ ts{ uf]s'n]l;t x'GgYof] . tL ;a} ;Dem]/ uf]s'n]sf cfFvf /;fP . kl08t afh] klg crlDet eP . eg] – æxfd|f] 5f]/fn] sfzL k9\g hfg] s'/f t s}No} u/]sf] lyPg . ltd|f 5f]/fsf ;Ëtdf pm klg sfzL hfg xf}l;P5 . a? To;l;t vr{ lyPg .Æ æP afa' Û xfd|f s]6fx¿nfO{ n}hfg] sfzLsf u'?sf] gfd yfxf 5<Æ pgn] ;f]w] . æv}, k|B'Dg zf:qL eGy] k"j{ lbª\nflt/sf x'g\ ls s;f] xf], sfzLsf] b"w3f6 eGg] 7fpFdf pgsf] u'?s'n 5 /], c;n lzio kfP n}hfg cfPsf] eGy] . pgsf ;fydf tkfO{Fsf 5f]/fx¿;d]t 5 hgf uPsf 5g\, t/ h] eP lg otf 3/df va/ ul/lbg' kYof]{]Æ p;n] eGof] . uf]s'n]n] cldnf] eg u/]/ eGof] –æh] eP lg ltd|f u'?n] klg otf xfdLnfO{ va/ lbgkYof]{] lg t . xfdLn] xfd|f afnvfnfO{ ToxfF eg]/ kf] k7fPsf xf}FÆ xf] x'gt, e"k] efO cfpFbf g} xfdL afO;afO; hgf lyof}+, u'?n] cfˆgf 3/df 7fpF geP/ cGtcGt} klg /flvlbg' ePsf] lyof] – g;f]wL cfO{ lbG5g\, ljBfsf] s'/f gfO{F eGg klg ;lSbgF eGg'ePsf] lyof] . ;fF3'/} lyof] . tL ;a} 5hgf xfd|} u'?s'naf6 sfzL uPsf x'g\, tn ;/h" gbL k'u]kl5 cof]Wofdf eujfg\ /fdsf] bz{g u/]/ hfg] eGb} lyP . bz{g ub}{ub}{ hfFbf 8]9 dlxgf nfU5 /] sfzL k'Ug . Æ p;n] syf ;'gfof] / clGtddf eGof] – æhfg t dnfO{ klg dg lyof] ÛÛÆ xh'/afn] k'n'Ss x]/] / pm 3/leq k:of] . b'O{ afa'x¿ lgGofp/f] d'v nufP/ n'?n'? 3/ kms]{ . uf]s'n]sf 3/ cfpFbf g} /ft e};s]sf] lyof] . vf]nfkfl/af6} ;Nnfsf] lbofnf] afn]/ cfPsf k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 37


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lyP . kl08t afh]sxfF k'Ug cem} 8]9 306f nfUg ;SYof] . To;}n] pgL klg To; lbg ToxLF g} a:g] eP . ;'Ts]/L a'xf/LnfO{ vfg lbP/ uf]s'n]nfO{ n]vLn] efG5f s'/]/} a;]sL lyO{ . pgLx¿ cfPsf yfxf kfP/ vu] klg dflyNnf] tnfaf6 ln:gf] em/L cfof] . vfFb} uf]s'n]n] yfxf kfPsf s'/fsf] a]lnlj:tf/ nufof] . kl08tnfO{ klg n]vLn] Ps 3fg ds} e'6L lbO{ / lbp;f] l6k]sf] ;fu rf]vf] u/L agfO lbO{ . ufO{sf] b"w t 5Fb} lyof] . æhfg} lyof] t sDtLdf klg dfO{–afpnfO{ cfP/ 9f]u]/ hfg kYof]{] .Æ efO To;/L cQf] g kQf]l;t uPsf]df vu]nfO{ klg /dfOnf] nfu]g . a]n'sf s'/f x'Fbf efph" ;'Gb'snfn] ægfgL t ldn] sfzL uP/ k9\g] xf]Æ eg]/} hfg'ePsf] xf] egL, t/ p;n] of] s'/f s;}nfO{ eg]sL lyOg . ef]lnkN6 laxfg} p7]/ kl08t afh] cfˆgf] 3/ uP . pgL uPkl5 eg] n]vL 8fFsf] 5f]8]/ /f]O{ . uf]s'n] cfkm" klg ?Fb} n]vLnfO{ ;Demfof] . æxfd|f vKk/df /}5 eg] e]l6Pnf km]l/ . g/f], p;sf vKk/ df /}Ú5 eg] xfd|f] d'v x]g{ cfpnf . x'g b], k9] n]v]/ kms]{nf Ps lbg .Æ à avf{ nfUof] . v]tL nufP . lxpFb cfof] v]tL p7fP . km]l/ csf{ lxpFb avf{ lat] . uf]s'n] / n]vLsf cfFvf la:tf/} wldnf eP . afx| jif{sf pd]/df u'?l;t kl5 nfu]/ sfzL uPsf] e"k] ca t aL; jif{sf] eof] xf]nf . g lax] bfg ul/lbg kfpg' . 5AaL; jif{sf] vuljqmdsf b'O{ 5f]/L / Pp6f 5f]/f] e} ;s]sf lyP . ptf t'nfsf klg b'O{ efO 5f]/fkl5 ev{/} 5f]/L hGd]sL lyO{ . jif{, 8]9 jif{df 3l/3l/ t'nfsf klg b'j} a'9fa'9L 5f]/f lnP/ cfpFy] . s]xL lbg a;]/ hfGy] . HjfOFklg ldhfl;nf lyP . laxLsf] af6f] ef]6af6 lx8\g] a]kf/L cfpFy], d;nf, l;of], g'g lhDa" NofpFy] . t'nf tL klg lnP/ cfpFyL . v]tLkftLsf] cfo:tfn] uf]s'n] / n]vLsf] kl/jf/nfO{ /fd|f] k'Ug] lyof], t/ oL ;ftcf7 jif{df e"k]G›sf] lk/n] ltgLx¿ Psbd} ;'s]/ uPsf lyP . lkF9Ldf c¿ gfltgfltgf v]n]sf] b]Vof] ls n]vL k5\of}/Ln] d'v 5f]k]/ vf]kLdf uP/ klN6GyL . ;w}F p;sf cf]7df Ps} jfSo x'GYof], æt]NnfO{ Ppkfln d]/f] d'v klg x]g{ d'g nfu]g 5 .Æ uf]s'n] p;nfO{ ;DemfpFYof] / cfkm}F klg lklNknfpFYof] . v]tLkftL ug]{ u/fpg], v]tfnf nufpg] ca ;a} sfd vuljqmdn] uy{\of] . ga'em] afa'nfO{ ;f]lwxfNYof] . k}n]k}n] ;a} p;nfO{ vu] eGy] . ca sltnfO{ wfg, ds}, cfn', kmfk/ lbGYof], ;f6km]/ uYof{] . ;fx' ePsf] lyof] . n]vk9 yf]/} l;s]/ lx;falstfa /fVYof], ufpFn]n] vla sfhL eGg yfn]sf lyP . lhDdfn 38 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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af lalt;s]sf lyP . pgsf 5f]/fn] ca ;a} rnfpFy] . afa'h:tf t pgL lyPgg\, t/ pgLhlQsf] klg ufpFn]df c¿ sf]xL lyPgg\ . à uf]s'n] lqrfnL; / n]vL PsrfnL; jif{sf pd]/df k'Ubf ltgsf lhpHofg un]/ ;Q/L jif{sf h:tf ePsf lyP . vf]sL klg lyof], n]vL emg\ rf}la;} 306f e"k]e"k] eGyL . ufpFs} a}BnfO{ w]/} k6s b]vfP . Ps k6s h'Dnf uP/ cfPsf klg x'g\ . hfFbf lx8]/ uP . cfpFbf uf]s'n 3f]8fdf cfP, n]vL t af]lsP/} cfpg' k¥of] . vf;} aL;sf] pGgfO; ePg . pxL b]jsf]6f u'?nfO{ e]6]/ 5f]/fsf] s'/f ;f]Wg vf]h]sf, u'? klg cfFvf gb]Vg] e};s]5g\ . æv} ;Demgf t 5 clncln, k9\g hfG5' eGg]nfO{ d}n] /f]Sg sfFÚx'G5 /<Æ eg], s'/f ;lsof] . To;sf csf]{ jif{sf] s'/f xf]nf j}zfv df;fsf] a]nf, r08L k"0f]{sf] lbg lyof] . dlGb/df k"hf / d]nf lyof] . uf]s'n] / n]vL x/]s jif{ hfGy], of] jif{ ;s]gg\ . xgxGtL Hj/f] lyof] n]vLnfO{ . pgLx¿ dfly ;'lt/x]s} lyP . ;'Gb'snfnfO{ n]vLn] ;DemfO{ . ;lsg;sL k"hf ;hf{d agfP/ hfg cx|fO{ . b]jLsf dlGb/df laxfg} k~raln lbg uPsf dfG5]nfO{ b'O6f ;fw' cfP/ ælbg] eP cfˆgf] lz/ sf6]/ /ut b]pm b]jLnfO{, gq lgbf]{if kz'sf] aln gb]pmÆ eg]5g . ævfg dg nfu] cfkm" sf6]/ vfpm, b]jL oL kz'sL klg dfO{ x'g\, dfO{nfO{ cfˆg} ;Gtfgsf] /ut gb]pmÆ eg]/ sltnfO{ x6fP5g . sltnfO{ lrQ a'‰of], sltnfO{ a'em]g . k'hf/L eg] e8\lsP5g, pgsf efudf 6fpsf] cfpFYof] . aln lbg xfF; lnP/ dlGb/ k'u]sL ;'Gb'snf k"hf dfq u/]/ xfF; lkmtf{ lnP/ cfO{ . cfFugfdf xfF; 5f]8]/ lk+9Ldf 6k/Ldf k"hfsf] k|;fb /fv]/ xft uf]8f wf]O{ . tn}af6 n]vLnfO{ af]nfO{ – ;f;" aHo}, ;f;" aHo}, clg ln:gf]sf rf/ v'l8\snf dfq r9]/ dfly 6fpsf] b]vfP/ b'O6f ;fw'n] eg]sf s'/fsf] a]lnla:tf/ nufO{ . /, clGtddf egL – æltgdf Pp6f ;fw' t xfd|f gfgLsf] h:t} rf}8f lgwf/ / ;nSs k/]sf cfFvL ef}+, d t x]/]sf] x]¥o} ePF .Æ ;'Gb'snf k;f{bsf] 6k/L ln:gf]sf 6fpsf]df /fv]/ cfˆgf] eft efG5fsf] sfddf nfUg em/L . æP xf] /, P vu]sf afÛ p7g" t .Æ n]vLn] uf]s'n]nfO{ ems'Nn\ofO{, / cfkm" To;} xtfl/P/ p7L . em6k6df ln:gf]af6 emg{ vf]Hbf wf]tL clNemP/ pm ;f]em} tn k5fl/O{ . cfjfh ;'g]/ xtfl/P/ cfPsf] uf]s'n] klg ln:gf]af6 k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 39


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lrlKnP/ n]vLdfly g} alh|of], p;sf] 6fpsf] ln:gf]df 7f]lSsP/ To;kl5 tn uf}/]6f]df /fv]sf] ufu|Ldf klg nfUbf wf/n] ulx/f] sf6]/ /ut cfof] . ;'Gb' s/fO{, stfstfaf6 vu] klg cfof] . b'j} af–cfdf ln:gf]d'lgsf ss]/fdf OGt' g lrGt' Ps} y'k|f] ePsf lyP . uf]s'n]sf] sGr6df ulx/} sf6]sf] lyof], vu]n] k}nf ?O{/fv]/ To;nfO{ afxl/af6 sk8fn] s]:;/L s:of] / /ut /f]Sg] pkfo u¥of] . uf]s'n] To;} a]xf]; lyof], n]vL emg\ p;}dfly uf]s'n] alh|Psf] lyof] p;sf] So} xf];\ lyPg . b'j}nfO{ t'?Gt} vu] / ;'Gb'n] kfn}kfnf] prfn]/ aflx/ lkF9Ldf nu] . 7"nf] 5f]/f] dflyNnf 3/] bfOnfO{ af]nfpg uof] . s;}n] a}B afnfO{ af]nfpg k7fof] . x]bf{x]b}{ 3/df ufpFn] ylkFb} cfP, 7'n} e]nf eof] . ;'Gb'n] em6k6 eft ksfO{ / 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ vfg lbO{ . zfob 7'n} xNnLvNnL eof] . tL b'O{ o'jf ;fw' klg uf]s'n]sf 3/df cfOk'u] . ;a} pgLx¿nfO{ lgofn]/ x]g{ yfn] . a}B afn] gf8L 5fd] / d'G6f]nfO{ bfofFafofF xNnfpFb} b'j}nfO{ tn cfugdf dfG›f] cf]5\ofP/ t'n;Ldf]7 5]p ;'tfpg eg] . ;fw'dWo]sf] Ps ;fw' of] ;a} b]v]/ uf]s'n] / n]vLsf glur uof] . uf]8f ;dft]/ ltg} xft cfˆgf cfFvfdf nufof] . 6fpsf]glur} uP/ n]vLnfO{ af]nfof] ædfO{ÛÆ n]vLn] clGtd k6s cfFvf vf]n]/ x]/L, p;sf cf]7df lemgf] d':sfg cfof] . km]l/ uf]s'n]sf] xft ;dft]/ sfgdf eGof] æaf Û d cfPFÆ, uf]s'n]n] cfFvf t vf]n]g p;sf xftn] eg] e"k]G›sf xftnfO{ RofKk ;dft] . of] ;a} lgofnL /x]sf] vuljqmd uP/ efO{nfO{ p7fof] . dfO{–af b'j}n] cfFvf lrlDn;s]sf lyP . vu] – cw}o{ u/]/ af]Nof] – æsxfF lyO;\ efO oltsf lbg . cfO; klg s:tf a]nf <Æ æbfO, of] ;a} n]vfGt/ xf] . xfd|f xftdf s]xL 5}g . dfO{ afsf] n]vf olQs} /x]5 .Æ e"k]Gb|n] zfGt eP/ hjfkm lbof] . ;a}hgf uf]s'n] / n]vLsf nf;dfly ?Fb} lyP . ;fw'j]ifsf] e"k]G› ltgLx¿eGbf a]Un} a:of] . zfGt, df}g . ufpFn]n] klg ;f]w] . e"k]G›n] ;a}nfO{ x]/]/ vu]G›nfO{ eGof] –æbfO, tkfO{Fsf] dfofF olt kfPF – dnfO{ k'Uof] . d Ps ;Gof;L x'F . d]/f nflu hLjg d[To' Ps rqm dfq xf] . tkfO{+ x'g'x'G5 . d vfln dfO{ afsf] bz{g ug{ dfq cfPsf] . bz{g klg km]l/ s}n] bz{g ug}{ gkg]{ u/L eof] . ;+:sf/sf] sd{ ug{'xf];\ . cfh k"l0f{df xf] . z'e ;fOtdf dfO{ af sf] k|of0f ePsf] 5 . d}n] s]xL ug{ kb}{g / x'Fb}g klg . d]/f] klg s;}n] s]xL ug{ kb}{g, d oxfF a:bf klg al:bgF . vfln olQ dfO{ af sf] bz{g d]/f] nIo lyof] . u'?sf] jf0fL l;4 eof] .Æ 40 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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p;nfO{ s;}n] s]xL af]n]gg\ . cfˆgf emf]nfdf ePsf ç gdM lzjfo n]v]sf lzjgfdL b'j} ;fw'n] lems] / ltgsf zjdfly cf]9fP . clg uf]s'n] / n]vLsf] clGtd ofqf pgLx¿n] cfkm}+ agfPsf 3/af6 ;Fu;Fu} z'¿ eof], ;f/f ufpFn] ltgsf bof, s[kf / Gofosf C0fL lyP . ;a} 5f]8]/ nfu] tfnaf6 lg:s]sf] lguf/ vf]nfsf lsgf/fdf . b'j}sf zj lguf/ vf]nfdf k'¥ofpFbf klxn] g} ToxfF k'u]sf ufpFn]x¿n] 7"nf] / b'j} c6fpg] lrtf agfO;s]sf lyP . dnfdLsf kl5kl5 nfu]/ ;Gof;Lx¿ e'k]Gb| / tNnf] ufpFsf kl08tsf 5f]/f lxF8]sf lyP . uf]s'n] / n]vLnfO{ Pp6} lrtf agfP/ ;'tfOof] . b'j}sf d'vdf vuljqmdn] bfuaQL lbof] . e"k]G›n] hln/x]sf] lrtfsf] k|blIf0ff u¥of] / cfˆgf] ;fyL csf]{ ;fw'l;t vf]nfdf :gfg u/L af6f] nfUof] . dfly rf}tf/Ldf k'u]/ e"k]Gb|n] x]¥of], lrtfaf6 lg:s]sf] w"jfF ;Lwf cfsfzlt/ uP/ cfsfzd} ljnLg ePsf] lyof] . uf]s'n] / n]vLn] ;Fu} z'¿ u/]sf] ofqf ;Fu} lj;h{g u/] . (*%!)$^^(@ à tgx"F

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jL/u~hdf kfOGf] 7fpF

dfO{:yfg a's :6n

dfO{:yfg, jL/u~h

dfO{:yfg, jL/u~h

-gf/fo0fdfg sfdf{rfo{_

-;'/]z hf]zL_

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lemu' ;dfrf/ ;]G6/

oxfF cGo ljleGg kq–klqsf tyf k':tsx¿ klg pknAw 5g\ .

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 41


tLg syf ljgf]b bLlIft Tof]===!

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Tof] xfFl; g} /fv]sf] 5 . crDdsf] aRrf], cfh b; lbgsf] eof] . ;LdfGts[t dlxnfsf] ue{af6 hGd]b]lv clj/n xfFl; g} /fv]sf] 5 . slt 8fS6/ / emfFqmLx¿ af]nfOP . pgLx¿sf] s]xL nfu]g . OGh]S;g / dGqkf7n] s]xL ug{ ;s]g, aRrf]n] xfF:g aGb u/]g . Pp6f emfFqmLn] t xfF;f] aGb ug{ aRrf]sf] 5ftLdf gª uf8]/ lryf]/]sf] lyof] . 5ftLaf6 hd]sf] /ut lgl:sof], aRrf] xfFl; g} /fVof] . x]g]{ dflg;x¿df ljjfb x'g yfNof], s;}n] To;nfO{ b]ptf / s;}n] b}Tosf] k|tLs eg] . aRrf]nfO{ Do'lhoddf /flvof] . w]/} dflg;x¿n] To;nfO{ x]/], pm xfFl; g} /fv]sf] 5 . Pp6f cvaf/n] To; aRrf]nfO{ x]g]{ dflg;x¿sf] tYofª\s k|sflzt u/]sf] lyof]—…s]xL nfv / s]xL xhf/ .Ú Ps jif{leq To;nfO{ ;f/f g]kfnLn] x]g]{5g\ / Tof] xfFl; g} /xg]5 eGg] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . -/rgf–!(, @)@&_

Tof]===@

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cfsf/ aRrf]sf] h:tf] 5 t/ Tof] dlxnf /lx5 . cg'xf/ rfpl/Psf], z/L/df 5fnf / xf8 dfq ePsf] . oL rf/ bzsleq sf7df8f}Fsf / sf7df8f}F cfpg] k|foh;f]n] Do'lhod uP/ To;nfO{ x]l/;s] . p;n] xfF:g 5f8]sL 5}g . oL jif{x¿df Do'lhodsf sd{rf/Ln] s] 7DofP eg] g]tf h:tf JolQmnfO{ p;n] b]vL eg] p;sf] xfF;f]sf] ult tLj| x'Fb} hfG5 . To;nfO{ pkrf/ ug{, To;sf] clj/n xF;fOnfO{ /f]Sg ljb]zsf ljVoft 8fS6/x¿ k|foM ;a} g} cfP . ltgLx¿n] y/Ly/Lsf k|of]ux¿ u/] . dlk{mg / 6«Øfª\s'nfOh/sf dfqf a9fP . cf}iflwsf] k|efj x'Gh]n jf zNolqmof h:tf] 42 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


-/rgf–!)#, @)^^_

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pkrf/ ul/Fbf pm cr]t x'GyL t/ ;fdfGo cj:yfdf kmls{+bf eg] pm xfF:g yfNyL . /fhf hgssf] b/af/df ;Ltf :jo+j/sf nflu wg'if p7fpg ljleGg b]zaf6 cfPsf /fhs'df/x¿ cg]s k|of; ubf{ klg wg'if p7fpg g;s]kl5 d'vsf] rf];f] k;f/]/ d'G6f] a6fb}{ h;/L cfcfˆgf] b]z kmls{P To;} u/L tL ljVoft 8fS6/x¿ To;afpGg] dlxnfsf] pkrf/ ug{ g;s]/ cfcfˆgf] b]z kmls{P . /fhf hgssf] b/af/df /fhs'df/ /fd lyP To;}n] wg'if p7Øf] t/ Do'lhoddf s'g} dfO{sf nfn /fd cfPgg\ . Tof] afpGg] dlxnfn] xfF:g 5fl8g, k~rfotsfnb]lv klxnf] / bf];|f] hgcfGbf]ngkl5 klg / cfh;Dd . h'g;'s} kf6L{sf jf ;Ë7gsf g]tfx¿nfO{ b]Vbf cr]n pm ax'nf h:t} xfF:5] . g]tfx¿ tl;{P/ efUg yfn] p;sf] /j}of b]v]/ . cl:t pkl:ytdWo] Psn] eGof], …dnfO{ nfU5, pgL g]kfn cfdf x'g\ .Ú csf]{n] eGof], …To:tf] afpGg] s'¿k klg sxLF g]kfn cfdff x'g ;lS5g\ <Ú s]xLa]/sf] df}gtfkl5 t];|f]n] eGof], …xfdL pgLeGbf afpGg] 5f}F, cfˆgf] cfsf/nfO{ x]/f}F t Û xfdLn] g} pgnfO{ afpGg] agfPsf xf}F .Ú

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ltgL k'8\sL cfdf===#

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klxn] k|To]s lbg pgnfO{ x]g{ t}klg ;fgf]ltgf] eP klg eL8 g} hDdf x'GYof] eg] kl5kl5 dflg; cfpg 5f]8] . s'g} klg kf6L{sf ;b:o x'g\, ltgnfO{ yfxf x'GYof], b]Vg]lalQs} pu| g} x'Fb} xfFl:yg\ . sltko k6s t Do'lhodsf pgnfO{ b]vefn ug{ v6fOPsf sd{rf/Lx¿dWo] sf]xL g sf]xLn] xft hf]8\b} x"nnfO{ eGg'kYof]{, …s[kof, xh"/x¿dWo] sf]xL kf6L{df x'g'x'G5 jf s'g} kf6L{df k|j]z ug]{ ljrf/ ug'{ePsf] 5 eg] oxfF gcfOlbgf];\, k'8\sL cfdfnfO{ yfxf x'G5, clg e"t ;jf/ x'G5 pgdf . clg tL kf6L{sf b'i6, ck/fwLx¿nfO{ emg\ To;dWo] b]Vg'eof] eg] y'/{ sfDg yfNg'x'G5 . pxfF t'?Gt} g/fd|f]l;t la/fdL kg'{x'G5 clg xfdLnfO{ ;f:tL x'G5, xfd|f] lhDd]jf/L a9\5 .Ú zx/el/ of] s'/f JofKt eO;s]sf] lyof], t;y{ lbgk|ltlbg k'8\sL cfdfnfO{ x]g{ cfpg]sf] ;ª\Vof kftlnFb} uO/x]sf] lyof] . pgsf] xfF;f] klg k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 43


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a]Un} kf/fsf], l/;fPsf] / lk6'Fnf h:tf] . pgL k|foM cfˆgf] cf]5Øfgdf x'lG5g\ . x]g{ cfpg] dflg; Psbd} sd x'g] u/]sfn] a]n'sL kfFrb]lv 5 ah];Ddsf] ;do lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . Pp6fn] csf]{nfO{ ;f]Wof], …x]g]{ dflg; lsg sd ePsf, yfxf 5 <Ú csf]{n] eGof], …slno'u r/d ;Ldfdf k'u]sfn] .Ú klxnf]n] eGof], …of] t a? :j0f{o'u kf] s]xL eG5g\, k|hftflGqs o'u eg]s} :jl0f{d o'u xf] /] .Ú csf]{n] hafkm lbof], …b]zsf ;a} hgtf g} s'g} g s'g} jfbL ePsf 5g\, clg t < d]/f] egfOsf] cy{ cfcfˆgf] jfbdf /x] klg k|hftGqjfbL g} eG5g\ cfk"mnfO{, lsg slno'uL eGg'ePsf] <Ú jfbeGbf :jfy{ 7"nf] ePsf] 5 . zt k|ltzt t gegf}F, kGrfgAa] k|ltzt cfcfˆgf] :jfy{df 5g\ . s'g} bndf gnfu]sfx¿dWo] clwsf+z ls uËfbf;, xf]Og eg] hd'gfbf; 5g\ . k'8\sL cfdfn] lrlG5g\ / g/fd|f]l;t xfFl:5g\ clg sxLF pgaf6 lk6fO klg vfOG5 ls eg]/ tL ;a} cfpg 5f8] . pgnfO{ x]/ljrf/ ug]x{ ¿ 36\b} uPsfn] cf}iflw ljq]mtfn] sldzg lbg 5f]8] . k'8s \ L cfdfdf lr8lr8fx6 a9\b} uof] cfk"mk|ltsf] k|foM ;asf a]jf:tf b]v/] . ca t pgL Do'lhodsf h;nfO{ b]v] klg /f}b| ¿k b]vfpFb} xfF:g yflN5g\ . sd{rf/lx¿n] j[4f>d k7fpg] lg0f{o u/] / dGqfnodf :jLs[ltsf nflu k|:tfj k7fP . dGqfnon] :jLs[t u¥of] . pgnfO{ j[4f>d k7fOg] eof] . pgnfO{ j[4f>d ;fg{ nfUbf klxn]klxn]= tL afpGg] k'8\sL cfdfnfO{ x]g]{ eL8df obfsbf b]lvg] Ps dflg;, h;n] eg]sf] lyof], …pgL g]kfn cfdf x'g\===xfdLn] s'¿k agfof}F . p;n] af6f]df 6]Dkf] s'l//x]sf] b]v]kl5 ;f]w], … xf]Og, oL t ca xf85fnf b]lvg] dfq eOl5g\, s] kz'kltdf d[To' s'g]{ 7fpFdf nUg cfF6]sf] <Ú To;} a]nf Pp6f 6ØfS;L /f]lsof] . :6fkm / 8«fOe/aLr ef8fnfO{ lnP/ ljjfb eof] . :6fkmn] eGof], …;o ?lkofF dfq lgisf;g ePsf] 5, d cfˆgf] kfs]6af6 Ps k};f lbGgF .Ú 7Ls ToxL a]nf Pp6f bf/LhF'uf skfn kfn]sf] o'js ToxfF cfOk'Uof] / ;a} s'/fsf] a]nLlj:tf/ hfgsf/L lnPkl5 ToxL 6ØfS;LnfO{ /f]Sof], afpGg] dlxnfnfO{ leq a;fof] / :6fkmnfO{ eGof], …xf]Og, oL afpGg] k'8\sLnfO{ d kf6L{ 44 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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sfof{no nU5' . ca logn] klxn] h:t} dflg;x¿nfO{ b]Vg]lalQs} xfF:g'k5{ . clxn] xfdL k|ltkIfdf 5f}F, ;Qfdf k'Ug logL xfd|f] e¥ofª x'g ;lS5g\ .Ú k'8\sL cfdfnfO{ ltgn] cfˆgf] kf6L{ sfof{no nu] . a:g] 7fpF b]vfP . pgL t 6ØfS;Ldf ltgsf ;a} s'/f ;'lg/x]sL lyOg\ . sf]7fdf klNF6b} elgg\, …;Grf] 5}g, dnfO{ cf/fd ug{ b]cf] .Ú s]xLa]/kl5 Ps cfof] / cf/fd ug]{ cf]5Øfg b]vfpFb} af]Nof], …oxfF ;a} s'/f 5 xh"/nfO{ rflxg] . cF, sna]n klg 5, xh"/sf] ;]jfsf lglDt oxfF xflh/ 5g\ . 306L ahfP x'G5 .Ú olt af]n]/ xftdf pQm sna]n lnP/ ahfP/ b]vfof] pgnfO{ . pgnfO{ ToxfFsf] :jfy{n] el/Psf] jftfj/0f 7Ls nfu]g . pgL laxfgsf] lem;ld;] x'Fbf g} ToxfFaf6 lgl:sOg\ . laxfg kz'kltlt/ ;lsg;sL k'Ubf Ps ;QfkIfsf] dflg;n] b]Vof] / pgnfO{, …cfdf, d 3/df /fV5', dl;t} lxF8\g';\ .Ú eGof] . pgL n'?n'? uOg\ . vfgf vfO;s]kl5 Tof] nUg] dflg;n] cfˆgf] ;fyLnfO{ kmf]g ub}{ eGof], …g]kfn cfdf dl;t l5g\, n ca s] ug]{ xf], eg .Ú o;f] eg]kl5 csf]{n] eGof], …xfd|f] kf6L{sf afx]s c¿ h'g;'s} kf6L{sf dflg;nfO{ b]v]kl5 xfF;f]sf q"m/tf emlNsg] u/L xfF:g eGg], / hgdfg;df c¿ kf6L{ a]7Ls xfd|f] 7Ls eGg] dfq k5{, clg b; lbg o;f] u/]kl5 xfd|f] u'[6sf g]tfsf] dfnf 6Dd nufPsf] t:jL/ /fVg], h;n] ubf{ xfd|f] kf6L{ 7Lssf ;fy} of] g]tf 7Ls eGg] cy{ nfU5 .Ú ltgn] oL s'/f klg ;'lgg\ / axfgf ub}{ …dnfO{ cfh ;Grf] 5}g, d cf/fd u5'{Ú elgg\ . 3/df b'O{ hgf eg] pgsf] sf]7fdf ;a} ;'ljwfx¿ h8fg ub}{ lyP, cfP / sf]7fdf /x]sf] dvdnL cf]5Øfg b]vfpFb} eg], …xh"/, cf/fd ul/aS:of];\ .Ú Psl5gkl5 Pp6f csf]{ dflg; cfP/ df]afOn lbFb}, …xh"/, o;df s'/f ul/alS;of];\ . xfdLnfO{ klg af]nfpg k/] o;/L df]afOn cg u/]kl5 oxfF lylraS;]nf, xfdLdWo] sf]xL g sf]xL xflh/ x'G5f}F .Ú k]ml/ csf]{ laxfg pgL lem;ld;]d} lxFl8g\ . of] k6s pgn] af6f] klxNofpg ;lsgg\ . uNnLsf uNnL lyP . cndlnO/lxg\, cndlnO/lxg\ . laxfgkv lg:s]sL pgL cndlnFb} lxF8\b} ubf{ laxfg l5lKk;s]/ 3fd 6G6nfk'/ lsl;dn] nfu]sf] lyof] . pgnfO{ lrof vfg dg nfUof] t/ lrof vfg] 7fpF b]lvgg\ . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 45


-/rgfsfn M @)&&_ (*$(*(%*## àsflnsf:yfg, sf7df8f}

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pgL lxF8\b} uOg\, lxF8\b} uOg\ . k|ltlglw ;efsf b'j} ;bgn] gofF gS;f kf; u/]sf] v'lzofnLdf lg:s]sf] h'n";df y/Ly/Lsf Aofg/, Kn]sf8{ af]lsPsf lyP— …xfd|f] lnk'n]s, sfnfkfgL, lnlDkofw'/f 5f]8, gq uf]/vfnL /ut plDnG5 .Ú …tF sf] xf];\ < eGg}k/] ;f}t]gL efO egf}Fnf, jL/ g]kfnL lhGbfafb, g]kfn cfdf lhGbfafb .Ú Aofg/ / gf/f;lxtsf] h'n"; b]v]/ tL k'8\sL cfdfsf] z/L/df /Qm;~rf/ eof], clg PsfPs hf]z b]vfP/ Ps Aofg/sf] Psfkl§ ;dfpg k'lug\ / gf/f klg nufOg\ . Pp6f Aofg/df pgsf] cfFvf 6Ss c8Øf] clg pgdf s] nfUof] s'lGg, pgn] Aofg/ c¿nfO{ lbFb} gf/f nufpg 5f]l8g\ / la:tf/}la:tf/} kl5kl5 x'Fb} h'n";nfO{ cufl8 a9\g lbOg\ . …xh"/ lsg kl5 k/]sf], cl3 t Aofg/ ;dfTb} gf/f nufpFb} x'g'x'GYof] lg cfdf ÛÚ PsfPs q"m/ xfF;f] lgsfn]/ s/fOg\, …of] h'n";df w]/}h;f] :jfyL{ 5g\ .Ú ;f]Wg] r"k nfUof] . a"9L t Psl5gkl5 9lnl5g\ . dflg;x¿ e'mlDdP / s]xLn] pgnfO{ xl:k6n k'¥ofP . hfFr]/ ;s]kl5 8fS6/n] eg], …zf/Ll/s ¿kdf pxfF sdhf]/ x'g'ePsfn] 9n]/ a]xf]z x'g'ePsf] . 7Ls 5, cflQg'kg]{ l:ylt k6Ss} 5}g .Ú

;lxt c¿ ;flxlTos klqsf, ljljw ljifosf kf7\o ;fdu|L Pj+ :6]zg/L ;fdfgx¿sf lglDt xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ Û

kf7Ø ;fdu|L k;n -k|f]= sdn ;'j]bL_ hfd] dfs]{6, /Tgkfs{, sf7df8f}+ k;n gDa/ !*, kmf]gM $@$#!%)

46 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


n3'syf

sf]/fgfsf] sx/ uf]kfn a/fn

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laxfgsf] ;do lyof] . 3/sf ;a} hxfg cf cfˆgf] sf]t] wGbfdf ;lqmo lyP . 3/df sf]xL efG;fdf Jo:t lyP . sf]xL afnaflnsfx¿sf] u[x sfo{ u/fpg Jo:t lyP . 3/df s]6fs]6Lx¿ u[x sfo{ ;s]/ aflx/ v]Ng] w'gdf l56f] l56f] cfˆgf] sfd ;Sb} lyP.crfgs /]l8of]n] æcfh sf7df8f}Fnufot b]zsf k|dv ' zx/x¿df sf]/f]gf efO/;sf] sf/0f ;fj{hlgs :ynx¿ aGb ul/Psf] 5. ;a} gful/sx¿ cfhsf] ldltn] rf}w lbg;Dd cfˆg} 3/df :j aGbL hLjg a;'g\ ÛÆ eg]/ ;"rgf km'Sof] . o:tf] cj:yfdf s;/L PSnf] hLjg afFRg] < t/Lsf s;}nfO{ l;sfOPsf] lyPg . Ps lsl;dsf] sˆ{os " f] h:tf] cj:yf ljBdfg lyof] . b}lgs ;fdu|Lx¿sf] hf]xf] ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf klg lyPg. PSsfl; cfPsf] of] ;d:of ;dfwfg ug]{ tfut ufpFdf s;}sf] klg lyPg . laxfg a]ns ' fsf] ;d:of xn ug{ g}+ wf} wf} kg]{ ufpFnx] ¿n] 3/df /f;g kfgLsf] hf]xf] ug'{ 6f9fsf] s'/f e} xfNof] . ufpFdf xfxfsf/ dlRrg yfNof] . ufpFsf ;fx' dxfhgx¿ df}sfsf] kmfObf s;/L p7fpg ;lsG5 < bfp x]b{} lyP . UofF; Jofkf/Lx¿ UofFF; l;ln08/x¿ n'sfP/ sfnf]ahf/Ldf a]Rg] bfpdf lyP . df:s Aofkf/Lx¿ df:s n'sfpg Jo:t lyP. rfdn Jofkf/Lx¿ rfdn n'sfpg Jo:t lyP . ;/sf/ /]l8of] 6]lnlehgaf6 ;fdfgsf] sfnf] ahf/L gug{ pbL{ hf/L ub}{ lyof] . &) jif{ b]lv dflysf dfG5]sf] nflu sf]/fgf efO/;sf] vt/f clws x'G5 eGg] s'/f htftt} elgPsf] lyof] . sfd gu/L d'vdf df8 gnfUg] s6'jfn af h:tf &) jif{ s6]sf >ldsx¿ ;"rgf ;'gb] l] v g} cftlÍt lyP . sfd ug{ gkfP oqf] hxfg kl/jf/ s;/L kfNg] xf]nf < pgL ;f]r dUg eP . 3/df cGgsf] Ps bfgf] 5}g . nfnfafnf oltsf 5g\ . s] u/L x'sf{pg ;lsPnf < of] sf]/fgf klg xfdL h:tf u/La s} b]zdf lsg cfpg' k/]sf] xf]nf < s6'jfn afnfO{ lgs} lrGtf k¥of] . 5f]5f]/Lx¿nfO{ v'jfpg] cGg klg 5}g . ksfpg] UofF; klg 5}g . ;/sf/ s]xL ljsNk glbO{ ;fj{hlgs ;~rf/ dfWodaf6 3/af6 glg:sg] pbL{ dfq hf/L u5{ Û s6'jfn afsf] lrGtfx/0fsf] s'g} pkfo b]lvPsf] 5}g . /f]un] xf]Og ef]sn] dl/g] eofjx l:ylt ghLs} cfpFb} u/]sf] cfef; e}/x]5 pgnfO{ Û (*%!!@(^@% à hf]/kf6L, sf7df8f}+ k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 47


t/sf/Lsf]] d"No c?0f gbL vqL

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a]nf a]nfdf sf7df8f}+df t/sf/Lsf] d"No cfsflzbf] 5 . sf7df8f}+df a:g]x¿n] t/sf/L lsg]/ vfg cfsflzbf] d"Non] wf} wf} kl//x]sf] 5 . Pslbg sf7df8f}+df 8]/f u/L a:g] ;Gtf]if t/sf/L lsGg eg]/ k;ndf k'Uof] . æcfn' wfgL{sf] slt <Æ egL ;f]Wof] . t/sf/L a]Rg] k;n]n] æcfn'sf] efp t cfh a9]/ cfPsf] 5 lg wfgL{sf] b'O{zo krf; k'u]sf] 5Æ eGof] . æslt dx+uf] ePsf] t/sf/L lsg]/ vfg klg ufx|f] kg]{ eof]Æ u|fxs ;Gtf]ifn] eGof] . æo:t} xf] slxn] a9]/ cfpF5 slxn] 36]/ klg cfpF5Æ k;n]n] eg] . ToxL k;ndf t/sf/L lsGg hfg] csf]{ u|fxsn] æt/sf/Lsf] d"No 36\bf 6Gg lsg]/ /fVg] lg a9\bf glsGg]Æ eGof] . ;Gtf]ifn] æ6Gg lsGgsf] nflu k};f klg w]/} x'g' k¥of] lgÆ eGof] . æcfkm"n] ;w}Fel/ lsGg hfg] k;ndf k};f k"/f ltg{ ;lsPg eg] pwf/f]df n}hfg klg ;lsG5 lgÆ csf]{ u|fxsn] eGof] . t/sf/L a]Rg] k;n]n] æt/sf/Lsf] d"No 36\bf tkfO{+x¿n] 6Gg lsg]/ n}hfg' eof] / k};f pwf/f]df /fv]/ hfg' eof] eg] dnfO{ 3f6f x'G5 lgÆ eg] . (*$!&(&^^$ à ;fdfv';L, ;/sf/L wf/f, sf7df8f}+

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k|To]s cÍ k7gLo / ;+u|x0fLo

cleJolQm

b'O{ dlxg] ;flxlTos klqsf cleJolQm kl/;/ kDa' dfu{, uf}/L gu/, rfjlxn, sf=d=kf–* sf7df8f}+

kmf]gM $$&@^#&, O{d]nM avibyakti@gmail.com, j]aM www.abhibyakti.tk

48 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


n]v–lgjGw–;dLIff

eLdgu/df tLGf lbg 8f=t'n;L e§/fO{

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/fhlj/fhsf] Pp6f ld7fO k;ndf a]n'sLkv xfdLn] cfˆgf emf]nf la;fof}+ . ef]s ltvf{n] ;tfOPsf xfdL t'n;L / /3'gfy lg/f}nfn]–kfgL lkP/ ld7fOjfnfnfO{ cfkm";Fu ePsf] l3psf] 6\ofdL b]vfof}+ . p;n] Pp6fsrf}/fdf vGofP/ tf}lnof] . Ps kfp /x]5 . æd /f]6L agfOlbG5' . /f]6L t/sf/L vfg' . oxL a]GrL hf]8]/ ;'Tg' .Æ k;n]sf] bofn' :j/n] cfZj:t eof}+ . rf/ rf/ j6f /f]6L / tsf{/L vfP/ kfgL lkPkl5 xfdL ;'Tof}+ . lbgel/sf] lx8fFOn] ubf{ /fhlj/fhsf nfdv'§]n] klg 5'g ;s]g5g\ . laxfg % ah]lt/ k;n]n] p7fof] . xfdL p7]/ xftd'v :gfgflb kl5 af6f nfUof}+ . xg'dfggu/ x'Fb} g]kfnsf] klxnf] 7"nf] k'n eLdgu/ l:Yft sf]zLk'n t/]/ xfdLx¿ kf/Lkl§sf] lsgf/df k'Uof}+ . To;a]nf uf8Lx¿ lyPgg\ . k'nrflx+ alg;s]sf] lyof] . 8f]h/, 6\ofS6/ / 6«sx¿ rflx+ lsgf/lt/ k|z:t} lyP . Pp6f 5fk|f]–6x/fdf uP/ a:of}+ . ToxfF s]xL 5fk|] k;nx¿ lyP . dflg;x¿sf] rxnkxn lyof] . a]n'sL rf/ ah]lt/ w/fgaf6 9'+u] /]n cfpg]/x]5 . ToxL kv]{/ a;]sf lyP dflg;x¿ . xfdL klg w/fg k'Ug kfpg] cfzfdf b+u eP/ s]xL a]/ ;'Tof} . Tolta]nf lbpF;f]sf] afx|hlt ePsf] lyof] . xfdL k"/} lavrL{ lyof}+ . vfg] s'/f 6'n'6'n' x]/]/ a:g], kfgL lkpg], otfptf 56kl6g] ub}{ ;do latfO/x]sf lyof}+ . rf/ aHg nfUbf dflg;x¿sf] rxnkxn b]v]/ eL8lt/ nfUof}+ . /]n cfP5 eGf]sf] t/ xf]Og /x]5 . cfh /]n cfpFb}g . /]nsf] OlGhg u8a8L ePsfn] gcfpg] eof] . laTyfdf al;P5, a? laxfg} lxF8]sf] eP ef]ln;Dd t k'lug] lyof] . s]xL u'gf;f ;'lgof] . 9'Ë] /]n cfOk'u]g . x]bf{x]b}{ 3fd c:tfP . eLdgu/sf] ljzfn sf]zL lsgf/df cFWof/f] km}lnFb} uof] . lah'nL lyPg . s]xL 5fk|fx¿df 6'sL / nfnl6g aNg yfn] . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 49


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Tolta]nf Tof] 9'Ë]/]n sf]zLk'n lgdf{0fsf nflu w/fgaf6 9'Ëf cf];fg{, sf7sf d'9fx¿ cf];fg{ rnfOPsf] lyof] . rt/f x'Fb} 3f]kf;Dd rNbYof] . eLdgu/ cfpFbf 9'Ëf d'9fdfly a;]/ dflg;x¿ cfpFy] kmls{bf rflx+ l/Q} x'GYof] . l;/xf, ;Kt/L;Ddsf dflg; ToxL 9'Ë] /]naf6 w/fg, O6x/L lj/f6gu/;Dd cfjt hfjt ub{y] . To; lbg /]n cfPg . s/La kfFr ;ohlt dflg;x¿n] ToxL sf]zL lsgf/df /ft latfpg'kg]{ eof] . xfdL –/3' / t'n;L Pp6f 5fk|fd'lg emf]nf l;/fgL nufP/ n8\of}+ . . cl3Nnf] a]n'sL /fhlj/fhdf vfPsf] /f]6L tsf{/Lsf] Dofb lbpF;} k'lu;s]sf] lyof] . kfgLsf e/df nl8of] . lgb|f nfUg' lyPg . /ft l5lKkb}+ hFfbf sf]zLsf] 5fn eofjx ¿kdf ulh{g yfNof] . xfdLn] sf]zL t/+u x]b}{ h;f]t;f] /ft latfof}+ . laxfg p7\g klg g;Sg] cj:yfdf k'u]sf lyof}+ . km]l/ rxnkxn z'¿ eof] . b; ah]lt/ /]n cfpF5 eGg] xNnf lkmlhPkl5 eL8 a9\b} uof] . ToxL k;ndf lrof, rgf / lrp/fsf] ljqmL z'¿ eof] . t/ xfdLNf] t x]g]{ dfq t xf] lg ==========Û æP afx'g s]6f xf], ltdLx¿;Fu s]xL vfg]s'/f, vr{ 5}g ls s] xf] < o;} 6f]nfP/, d/GRof;] cg'xf/ nufP/ a;]sf 5f} . logLx¿ t w/fg k'Unfg\ h:tf] 5}g . xfdLn] klg lxh} kmls{g] eg]/ w]/} af]s]gf}+ . vf]O ufDrf yfk t .Æ cl3Nnf] lbgb]lv xfd|faf/] vf]hLlgtL /fVt} cfPsf] Pshgf ef]hk'/sf sfsL{{ a'9f dfG5]n] af]nfPkl5 xfdL 5]pdf uof}+ . pgn] Ps Ps d'7L lrp/f lbP . k;n];Fu b;b; k};fsf] tsf{/L klg lslglbP . xfdLn] Tof] cd[t kbfy{ u|x0f u/]/ k]6el/ kfgL vfof}+ . kfgL lkPgf}+ kfgL vfof}+ . lsgeg] ToxL kfgLn] k]6 eg'{lyof] . k]6 eg{ t vfg'k5{ . xfdLNf] o;/L Tof] lbg kfgL vfg'sf] /x:o yfxf kfPsf lyof}+ . tL ef]hk'/] afa}sf] gfd s] lyof] yfxf kfOPg, t/ xfd|f lglDt s'a]/s} cjtf/ eP/ cfPsf lyP . b;, P3f/========= aHb} uof], /]n cfPg . rf/ ah]rflx+ /]n cfpFb} 5 eGg] xNnf km}lnof] . ;fFRr} g} /]n cfof], 9'Ë] dfnuf8L . bfp/f d'9f afn]/ OlGhg rnfOFbf] /x]5 . w'jfFsf] d':nf];Fu} /]n, s]xLk/ k'u]/ xfdL a;] 5]plt/ cfOk'Uof] . dflg;x¿ cfˆgf emf]nfemfD6f lnP/ /]ndf r9\g yfNf] . sfsL{ afx¿ r9]sf l8Aafdf xfdL klg r9\of}+ . /]n rNg yfNof] . aL; 50 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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afO; lsnf]ld6/ k|lt306f xf]nf–la:tf/} cl3 a9\of] . Ps 306f hltkl5 xfdL rf/sf]];] emf8Ldf k:of}+ . æPO s]6f xf] slxn]sfxL+ t /]nleq af3 kf] plk|mG5 t o; h+undf t ÛÆ Pshgf cfˆgf] cg'ej atfpFb} lyP . /ftL gf}ah]lt/ xfdL 3f]kf 5]p k'u]/ plqof}+ . ;a}hgf To;kl5 cf cfˆgf] uGtJolt/ nfu] . ahf/lt/ k;]kl5 ;a} stfstf nfu] . xfdL hfg] 7fpF Totf st} lyPg . Pshgf dfG5]n] ;f]w]/ xfd|f] hfg] 7fpF gePsf] a'em]kl5 cfˆgf] 3/ nu] . b; alh;s]sf] lyof] . tL dfG5]n] 9f]sf leq k;]/ Ps nf]xf]6f kfgL NofOlbP . oxL+ ;'t eGb} afb{nLsf] vf6 b]vfOlbP . csf]{ lbg laxfg} p7]/ xfdL kfGrfnLlt/ nfUof}+ . ToxfF /3'gfysf efGbfh'sf] 3/ lyof] . lx8\g ;Sg] l:ylt lYfPg . la:tf/} 3l;|Fb} h+un kf/ u/]kl5 ufpF cfof] . v]tdf v];/L hftsf sf];f nfu]sf lyP . ToxL pv]Nb} sf];f pwf/]/ vfg yfNof}+ . cxf Tof] v];/L bfnsf] sf];f klg slt dL7f] . cfwf 306fhlt v]tsf] l8ndf a;]/ v];/L sf];f rkfof}+ . efGbfOsf] 3/ k'Ug cem} Ps 306fhlt lx+8\g'kg]{ lyof] . ToxL+ sfFrf] v];/L sf];f vfFb} aNntNn lbpF;f] P3f/ ah]lt/ Pp6f ;fgf] ;fgf] sf7]3/df k'luof] . /3'gfysf efGbfOsf] 3/ . bfO st} uPsf lyP . efph"n] xfd|f] :jfut ul/g\ . s]xL enfs';f/Lkl5 kfgL dfu]/ vfof}+ . /3'gfyn] ljj/0f ;'gfPkl5 efph' ef]hg Joj:yfkgdf nflug\ . slta]nf efph'n] af]nfplng\ eGb} cf; nufP/ kv]{/ a;]sf lyof}+ . vfgf gvfPsf] kfFrf}+ lbg ef] aNn k]6el/ vfg kfOof] . bfh'nfO{ ;d]t ksfPsf] vfgf xfdL b'O{n] EofP5f}+ . e/] bfh' cfPkl5 kf] efph'n] /x:o vf]lng\Ù æafa'x¿ t slt ;f/f] ef]sfpg' ePsf] /x]5–tkfO{+nfO{ ;d]t ksfPsL lyPF, ;a} v¥ofsv'?s eof] .Æ xfdLn] d'vfd'v u¥of}+ . dnfO{ rflx+ vGr'jf ePsf]df s]xL nfh klg nfUof] . km]l/ rf/ ah] lt/ ds} klg vfg Eofof}+ . To;lbg a;]/ ef]lnkN6 laxfg} vfgf vfPkl5 w/fg kmls{Psf lyof}+ . ;'b"/ ctLtdf ul/Psf] To:tf] ofqf k|;+u ;DemFbf clxn] klg d]/f] dg k'nlst eO/x]5 Û (*%!)&&#^! à sf7df8f}+

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 51


gfy;Dk|bfo jfdfrf/af6 d'Qm 5 zLtn lu/L

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gfy;Dk|bfosf] ;fwgfdf cf;gsf] dxŒj gfyof]unfO{ x7of]u klg elgPsf] 5 . if6\sd{, d'b|f;fwg, cf;g, k|f0ffofd, k|Tofxf/, wf/0ff, Wofg, ;dflw cflb x7of]usf c+u x'g\ . of] :y"n dfgj–z/L/ ufu|f] h:t} xf] / of]u¿kL clUgn] o;nfO{ ksfOof] eg] o;n] cd/Tj k|fKt ug{ ;Sb5 . if6\sd{ cyf{t\ wf}lt, jl:t, g]lt, nf}lnsL, qf6s / skfnefltsf] ;fwgfn] z/L/sf] zf]wg ub{5 . cf;gsf] ;fwgfn] …b[9tfÚ k|fKt x'G5 . d'b|fsf] ;fwgfn] …l:y/tfÚ sf] l;l4 x'G5 . k|Tofxf/sf] ;fwgfn] …wL/tfÚ, k|f0ffofdåf/f jfo'– ;+rf/, k|lqmofdf k"0f{ lgoGq0f / Wofgåf/f cfTdfsf] ;fIffTsf/ ;fy} ;dflwåf/f lgln{lKt Pj+ d'lQm k|fKt x'G5 . elgPsf] klg 5— if6\sd{0ff zf]wg~r cf;g]g ej]b\b[9d\ . d'b|of l:y/tf r}j k|Tofxf/]0f wL/tf .. k|f0ffofdft\ nfKjj~r Wofgft\ k|ToIfdfTdgM . ;dflwgfr lgln{lKtM d'lQm/]j g ;+zoM .. o; sygaf6 cf;gnfO{ b[9tf–k|flKtsf] ;fwg dflgPsf] 5 . zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s b[9tf–k|flKtsf] ;fwg dflgPsf] 5 . zf/Ll/s / dfgl;s b[9tf geP;Dd of]ul;l4sf] sNkgf g} ug{ ;lsGg . o;sf/0f gfyof]uL …cf;gÚsf] ;fwgfnfO{ ljz]if dxTj lbOG5 . cf;gsf] nIf0fsf] af/]df elgPsf] 5— cEof;fB:o b]xf]˜o+ of]uf}klostf+ j|h]t\ . dg:o l:y/tfd]lt k|f]Rot] tlbxfžž;gd\ .. eGg]ul/Psf] 5, b]jflwb]j lzjn] rf}/f;L nfv cf;gx¿sf] j0f{g u/]sf5g\ . cf;gflg ;d:tflg ofjTof] hLjof]goM . rt'/zLltnIffl0f lzj]g slytflg t' .. cf;g zfl/l/s Jofofddfq xf]Og . of]u;fwgfnfO{ /f]u–lgj[lQ;Dd dfq g} ;Lldt ul/lbg] xf] eg] t o;sf] k/Dk/fut pRr:t/Lo dxŒj ;dfKt 52 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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x'g]5 . of]usf] clGtd nIf d'lSt xf] / cf;gsf] ;fwg o;} d'lQm–;fwgfsf] nflu plrt :yfg / b]zsf] Joj:yf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5— hxfF ;'/fHo 5, h'g b]z wfld{s xf], hxfF ;'/Iff 5, h'g b]zdf s'g} lsl;dsf] pkb|j x'b}g ToxfF cl;gf, cfuf] / af9Lsf] eo/lxt :yfgdf zq'sf] kx'r x'gg;Sg] PsfGt :yfgdf :ofgf] u[x agfP/ of]uLn] of]u;fwgf ug'{ kb{5 . ;fwgf u[xdf ;fgf] 9f]sf x'g' /fd|f] x'G5 . To;df Kjfnk/]sf] of kfl/Psf] x'g' x'b}g . ;fwgfu[x ;a} lsl;dsf sL/fx¿ /lxt x'g'kb{5 . ;fwgfu[xsf] aflx/ Pp6f d08k, Pp6f j]bL / Pp6f s'jf x'g' /fd|f] dflgG5 . olb Tof] 7fpF 3]l/Psf] 5 eg] w]/} /fd|f] . :yfgsf] kljqtf, ;'/Iff Pj+ PsfGttfsf];fy ;fy} g} b]zsf] ;'zf;g, wfld{s, zfGt Pj+ ;d[4 x'g' klg cfjZos x'G5, k|To]s lbg ´u8f x'G5, ToxfF of]u;fwgf x'g ;Sb}g . cf;gsf] cg]sf}+ e]bdf *$ dxŒjk"0f{ 5, o;df klg ## j6fnfO{ dTo{nf]sdf l;l4 lbg] elgPsf] 5 . dxlif{ kt+hln eGbf klxn] d}qfo0fL pklgifb\df of]usf] 5 c+usf] dfq pNn]v kfOG5 . oL c+u x'g\— k|f0ffofd, k|Tofxf/, Wofg, wf/0ff, ts{ / ;dflw . dxlif{ kt+hlnn] od, lgod oL b'O{ c+u hf]8]/ ci6f+uof]usf] l;4fGt k|ltli7t ug'{eof] . pgn] ts{sf] 7fpFdf cf;gnfO{ dxŒj lbP, lsgeg] ts{ dgnfO{ Psfu| ug{df ;xfos aGg ;Sb}g . ts{sf] 7fpFdf cf;gsf] l;4fGt lgZro g} of]ul;l4sf] nflu pNn]vgLo 5 . cf;g z/L/nfO{ Pp6f ljz]if l:yltdf l:y/ ug]{dfq ;fwg xf]Og, of] z/L/sf] ;Dk"0f{ zlQmnfO{ Pp6f ljGb'df s]lGb|t u/]/ dgsf] zlQmnfO{ k"0f{ Psfu|tftkm{ k|jflxt ug]{ cfwf/ klg xf] .

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gfy ;Dk|bfodf gfb cg';+wfg

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k|foM eGg] ul/G5 ls l;4 of]uL …cgfxt gfbÚ sf] >j0f ub{5g\ . kf}/:To cfWoflTds ;fwgfsf ;a} k4ltx¿n] …çÚ -k|0fj_ nfO{ k/dfTdfsf] clåtLo Wjlg–k|tLs dfg]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ j|Xdsf] k|yd kjjt{ elgG5 . gfy–of]uLsf] cg';f/ of] zlQm–tŒjsf] :j]R5of Wjlg ¿kdf cfTd–cleJolQm xf] . cf:yfjfbL ;fwsn] o:tf] ljZjf; ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ ls of] j]bsf] cfTdf xf] / o;df To;sf] jf:tljs cy{ lglxt 5 . o;nfO{ ljZj–x[bo / dfgj– x[bosf] lgTo ;+uLt dfGg] ul/Psf] 5 . of] Pp6f o:tf] Wjlg xf] hf] s'g} lsl;dsf] cf3ft of 3;|0faf6 pTkGg x'b}g . k|To]s pRrl/t Wjlg :j/– o+qsf] cf3ftaf6 pTkGg Wjlgx¿sf] d"ndf lglxt ;j{Jofks cv08 Wjlg xf] . of] pRrf/0fsf] nflu xf]Og j? dgnfO{ l:y/ / j[lQx¿nfO{ Psfu| u/]/ k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 53


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cg'e"t ug{sf] nflu xf] . k/dfTdfsf] o; Wjlg–k|tLssf] cg';+wfgnfO{ g} … gfb cg';+wfgÚ eGb5g\ . ;fwgfsf] k|f/+les l:yltdf of]uL cfFvf / sfgnfO{ xf]lzof/L;fy aGbu/]/ …çÚ sf] bL3{ pRrf/0f -cf]–cf]–p–p–d–d_ ub{5 / ;Dk"0f{ Wofg o;} pRrfl/t Wjlgdf s]lGb|t ub{5 . of] lqmof PsfGtdf ug]{ ul/G5 . /fltsf] gL/jtfdf of lgh{g jg–v08df of kxf8sf] u'kmf hxfF uP/ ;fws …k|0fjÚ sf] pRrf/0f ub{5 . aflx/sf] ;a} lsl;dsf Wjlgx¿af6 lrQ x6fP/ of]uLn] o;} WjlgnfO{ cfˆgf] Åbo leq ;'Gg] cEof; ub{5 . of] cEof; ;lhnf] eg] 5}g . o;df of]usf tLgj6f k|lqmofx¿— k|Tofxf/, wf/0ff / Wofg— sfo{ ub{5 . ;fwssf] r]tgf ha …çÚ sf] cgfxt gL/j Wjlg–k|jfxaf6 cleGg x'G5 ta cx+ / Obd\ of cfTdf / k/sf] e]b x6]kl5 ;fws of]uL …lzjÚ ¿kdf k'Ub5 . o; ;fwgfdf klg cK7Øf/fx¿ cfpF5g\ t/ Tof] aflx/af6 geP/ leqaf6 pTkGg x'G5 . of]uL ;fws ha aflx/sf Wjlgx¿af6 lj/t eP/ lrQj[lQnfO{ x[bo:y …cgfxtgfbÚ df s]lGb|t ub{5 ta lj£gafwfsf] ¿kdf cfkm} leq cg]s k|sf/sf dw'/ Wjlgx¿ ;'Gg yfNb5 . slxn] dfbn ah]sf], slxn] afbn uh]{sf], slxn] z+v ah]sf], slxn] 306Lsf] dw'/ Wjlg, slxn] jfF;'/Lsf] dw'/ Wjlg, slxn] dfx'/L e'ge'g u/]sf] . o:tf Wjlgn] ;fwssf] Wofg e+u ug{ vf]Hb5 . ;fwsn] oL afwfx¿df ljho k|fKt u/]/ Åbosf] cGt/td k|b]zdf lgTo x'g] cgfxt–gfbsf] cg';Gwfg ug'{ kb{5 . lrQnfO{ Psfu| ug{sf] nflu z/L/sf] dWo efudf dflgPsf] …cgfxtgfbÚ gfy of]lux¿åf/f dfGotfk|fKt ^ rqmx¿df rf}yf] xf] . o; eGbf dfly …ljz'åÚ / To;dfly … cf1fÚ rqmsf] l:ylt dfGo 5 . c+ltd rqm …;x;|f/Ú xf] . ;fwssf] lrQ h;/L h;/L cgfxtgfbdf nLg x'b} hfG5 To;/L To;/L p;sf] dg z'4 eP/ pRrf/0f r]tgf–s]Gb|tkm{ a9\g yfNb5 . p …cgfxtrqmÚ eGbf dfly p7]/ ljz'4rqm / clg To;eGbf dfly …cf1frqmÚ ;Dd k'Ub5 / cGttM p …lzjÚ sf] lgjf; e"ld …;x;|f/rqmÚ df k'Ub5 . hxfF uP/ gfb cg';G3fgsf] k|lqmof k"/f x'G5 . gfb cg';Gwfgsf] bfz{lgs cfwf/ ToxL xf] hf] gfy ;Dk|bfosf] cå}t bz{gsf] . gfy ;Dk|bfosf] bz{g …zlQmÚ / …lzjÚ sf] cå}t bz{g xf] . oxL cå}t gfb cg';+wfgsf] klg nIo xf] . dfgj x[bo clxn] klg k"0f{ z'4 gx'g] x'Fbf lgTo Wjlgt x'g] cgfxt gfb klg ;fdfGo hLjg–qmddf ;'Gg ;lsGg . of]uL ;fwsn] ha k|f0ffofdsf] ;fwgfn] dgnfO{ lgo+lqt u/]/ cGtd'{vL agfpFb5 ta p;sf] lrTgfb cg';+wfgsf] of]Uo x'G5 . o; ;do;Dd of]uLsf] s'08lngL–zlQm hfu[t 54 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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eP/ …d"nfwf/Ú, …:jflwi7fgÚ / …dl0fk"/Ú rqmnfO{ e]bg ul/;s]sf] x'G5 . of]u–;fwgf zlQmnfO{ lzj;Fu, jfXonfO{ cGtM sf] ;fy, c+znfO{ c+zLsf] ;fy, z/L/j4 cfTd r]tgfnfO{ lgTo d'Qm cfTdfsf] ;fy / ;Ldfj4 r]tgfsf] ;j{JofKt lg/k]If k/d r]tgfsf] ;fy ldng / ;d/;Tj k|fKt ug]{ ;fwg xf] . o; ;fwgfsf] k|ltkfbg cg]s ¿kdf ul/Psf] 5 . …zlQmÚ / …lzjÚ sf] ;d/; x'g] lqmofnfO{ w]/} dfWodaf6 atfOPsf] 5 . zlQm ha lzjdf ldn]/ Ps x'G5, ta ;fwgfsf] ;Dk"0f{ lqmof k"0f{ x'g]x'bf o; tŒjnfO{ yfxfkfpg', a'‰g' / of]ufEof;åf/f rl/tfy{ ug'{ of]uL ;fwssf] st{Jo xf] . …çÚ of … k|0fjÚ zlQm–tŒjsf] g} :j]R5f cfTdfleJolQm xf] . of] cleJolQm Wjlg–¿kdf 5 . cJoQm …lzjÚ g} ;a} lsl;dsf] gfb -Wjlg_ x¿sf] cflb ;|f]t xf] . gfb cg';+wfgsf] ;fwgf o;} cflb ;|f]tsf] cg';+wfgsf] ;fwgf xf] . gfy ;Dk|bfosf] z}j k/Dk/f / dT:o]Gb|gfy uf]/Ifgfysf u'? dT:o]Gb| ePsf] s'/f k/Dk/fn] :jLsf/ ub{5 . bz{g / ;flxTo b'a}df ;dfg ¿ksf] bvn ePsf cfrfo{ clegju'Ktn] dT:o]Gb|gfysf] pNn]v >4fk"j{s u/]sf 5g\ . clegju'Ktsf] ;do (%) O{= b]lv !))) O{= ;Dd dflgPsf] 5 . dT:o]Gb|gfy /lrt …sf}n1fglg0f{oÚ cg';f/ sflt{s]on] s'nfud zf:q rf]/]/ ;d'b|df kmfn]kl5 ;f] Pp6f 7"nf] df5fn] lgNof] . To; zf:qnfO{ p4f/ ug{sf] nflu :jo+ e}/j ofgL lzjn] dT:o]Gb|gfysf] cjtf/ wf/0f u/]/ ;d'b|df k;]/ zf:q lgn]sf] df5fsf] pb/ ljbL0f{ u/]/ s'nfud zf:qsf] p4f/ u/] . o;af6 dT:o]Gb|gfy :jo+ lzjsf] cjtf/ ePsf] l;4 x'G5 . uf]/Ifgfyn] uf]/Ifztssf] bf];|f] Znf]sdf dT:o]Gb|gfy of dLggfynfO{ cfˆgf] u'? dfg]sf 5g\— h;n] of]ufEof;af6 x[bo sdndf lgZrn bLksf] Hof]lt;dfg k/dfTdfsf] snf ;fIffTsf/ u/]/ o'u–sNk cflbsf] ¿kdf rSs/ nufO/xg] sfnsf] /x:o tyf ;Dk"0f{ tTjx¿nfO{ ho u/]sf lyP / :jo+ 1fg / cfgGbsf] dxf;d'b| >Lcflbgfysf] :j¿k ag]sf lyP . tL >LdLggfynfO{ gd:sf/ . o; :t'ltn] klg dT:o]Gb|gfy, cflbgfy cyf{t\ lzjsf] :j¿k ePsf] l;4 x'G5 . lzj:j¿k dT:o]Gb|gfy lgZro g} lzj k/Dk/fsf l;4 lyP . gfy–k/Dk/fdf h'g klg tTj–lrGtg z}j k/Dk/faf6 cfof] xf]nf, Tof] dT:o]Gb|gfyn] g} NofPsf x'g\ t/ uf]/Ifgfyn] z}j–lrGtg\ / ;fwgfsf tL tTjx¿nfO{ lgZro g} gofF ¿kdf kl/is[t u/]/ :jLsf/ u/]sf] x'g'k5{, gqeg] uf]/IfgfynfO{ gfy–k/Dk/fsf] k|jt{s ePsf] uf}/j k|fKt x'g] lyPg . dT:o]Gb|gfynfO{ sf}n–1fgsf] JofVoftf dflgPsf] 5 . sf}n;fwsx¿sf cg';f/ s'nsf] cy{ zlQm xf] / cs'nsf] cy{ lzj . …l;4–l;4fGt–;+u|xÚ sf] k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 55


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rf}yf] pkb]zdf sf}n–1fgsf] lj:t[t JofVof ul/Psf] 5 . …l;4–l;4fGt– ;+u|xÚ gfy ;Dk|bfosf] k|fdfl0fs u|Gy xf] . o;af6 sf}n–1fg -zlQm–lzj– ;fd/:o–lrGtg_ gfy ;Dk|bfodf :jLs[t /x]sf] l;4 x'G5 . uf]/IfgfynfO{ lzj¿k / cs'n klg elgPsf] x'Fbf sf}n–1fg cg';f/–d"ntTj lzj -cs'n_ xf] . lzjsf] ;[hgug]{ OR5f g} zlQm -s'n_ xf] . l;;[Iff ofgL lzj / zlQm b'O{ tTj x'g' klg Ps pkflw xf] . o; pkflwdf ljlzi6 ePkl5 k/dlzj lzj e} xfN5 . k/dlzj lgu'{0f / lg/+hg xf] . ;u'0f / ;f]kflw, l;;[Iff lzjsf] wd{ xf] . wdL{ / wd{ cnu /xg ;Sb}g . o;sf/0f zlQm gePsf] lzj / lzj gePsf] zlQmsf] sNkgf g} ug{ ;lsb}g . s'n -zlQm_ k/f, ;Qf, cxGtf, :km'/tf / snf eGg] a'lemG5— :jo+ k|sfz ¿k x'g'sf] sf/0f …k/fÚ n] ;d:t h8 ;QfnfO{ k|sflzt ub{5 . k/d tTjsf] ;j{JofkstfnfO{ …;QfÚ n] :jLsfb{5 eg] …cxGtfÚ k/dfTd– cfTdsf] ce]bfj:yfsf] k|sflzsf xf] . k/dfTdf / cfTdfsf] ce]bfj:yfsf] 1fgbzfsf] :km'/0f …:km'/tfÚ n] u/fpFb5 eg] …snfÚ n] a'4 :jefj ePsf] cfTdfsf] :j¿ksf] 1fgsf] af]w u/fpFb5 . ;j{zlQmdfg ePsf] x'Fbf lzj ;Dk"0f{ k|fk+lrs :t/x¿sf] k/d sf/0f dflgG5 t/ oyfy{df of] zlQmsf] cefjdf …zjÚ xf] . s]xLklg ug{ g;Sg] x'G5 . o;sf/0f …zlQmÚ cyf{t\ …s'nÚ g} pkf:o xf] . …sf}n1fglg0f{ot+qÚ af6 o;sf] ;fwgfsf] JolKtsf] cg'dfg nufpFg ;lsG5 . dT:o]Gb|gfysf] ;DaGw …of]lugL sf}nÚ ;Fu cg'dfg nufOPsf] 5 . o; ;fwgfsf] …sfd¿kÚ df /fhf d/]kl5 dT:o]Gb|gfyn] pgsf] -d/]sf] /fhfsf]_ z/L/df k|j]zu/L /fhdlxifL d+unf;Fu zf/Ll/s ;DaGw :yflkt u/L b'O{ 5f]/f hGdfPsf lyP . uf]/Ifgfyn] sfd¿k uP/ cfˆgf u'?nfO{ tL /fgLsf] dfof– hfnaf6 d'Qm u/] . dT:o]Gb|gfysf] laifodf o:tf w]/} ls+jblGtx¿ k|rlnt 5g\ . o;af6 a'l´G5 dT:o]Gb|gfy …jfdfrf/Ú df k|j[Q lyP, …jfdfÚ sf] cy{ xf] …zlQmÚ . cfTdfnfO{ jfdf of zlQmsf] ¿kdf slNkt u/]/ h'g ;fwgf ug]{ ul/G5 ToxL jfdfrf/ xf] . sfnfGt/df nf]sdf gf/LnfO{ dfq …jfdfÚ sf] k|tLs dfg]/ cg]s yl/sf] ;fwgfx¿ k|rngdf cfPsf lyP . ;Dej 5, sfd¿kdf uP/ dT:o]Gb|gfy s]xL ;dosf] nflu gf/Lsf] df]x–hfndf km;]sf x'g\ . oyfy{df sf}n ;fwgfsf] nflu ;jf]{Rr cj:yfdf k'u]kl5 s'g} lsl;dsf] ljlw–lgif]w kfng ug]{ cfjZostf g} /xb}g . …of] wd{ xf], of] zf:q xf], of] tk xf], of] nf]s xf], of] dfu{ xf], of] bfg xf], of] ;fWo xf], of] 1fg xf], of] tGq xf], of] Wofg xf]Ú o; lsl;dsf] ljwfg jfns a'l4 ePsfx¿sf] nflu xf] . uf]/Ifgfyn] sf}n–1fg– 56 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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;fwgfsf] tTj–lrGtgnfO{ t :jLsf/ ug'{eof] t/ Jofjxfl/s ¿kdf k|rlnt u'Xo tf+lqs ;fwgfx¿nfO{ :jLsf/ ug'{ ePg . o;sf/0f …x7of]uk|bLlksfÚ df dB, df+; cflbsf] of]uk/s cfWoflTds JofVof ul/Psf] 5 . …dBÚ sf] cy{ dlb/f xf]Og . j|Xd/Gw|df l:yt ;x;|bn sdnaf6 h'g ;'wf/ Ifl/t x'G5, To;nfO{ g} dB elgPsf] xf] . v]r/L d'b|fsf] ;fwgf ug]{ of]uLn] o;sf] kfg lgTo ub{5 . h'g ;fwsn] kfk / k'0o ¿kL kz'x¿nfO{ 1fg¿kL v8\un] df5{ / cfˆgf] dgsf] a|Xddf nLg u/fpF5 p g} …df+;fxf/LÚ xf] / o;}u/L …dT:oÚ sf] cy{ df5f xf]Og . z/L/df /x]sf] O8f / lk+unf b'O{ gf8Ldf k|jflxt :jf;– k|Zjf; g} df5f xf], s'Desåf/f Zjf; /f]s]/ k|f0fjfo'nfO{ ;'if'Dgf leq ;+rflnt u/fpFg' g} dT:o–;fwgf xf] . of]uL oxL ;fwgf ub{5 . …d'b|f–;fwgfÚ sf] cy{ jzjlt{gL gf/L;Fu /d0f ug'{ xf]Og / o;}u/L ;x;|f/l:yt lzj / d"nfwf/l:yt s'08lngLnfO{ ldnfpg' g} …d}y'gÚ xf] . uf]/Ifgfyk|jlt{t gfy–of]u–;fwgfdf rfl/lqs z'4tfdf w]/} hf]8 lbOPsf] 5 . uf]/vafgLdf elgPsf] 5— …cjw" lgb|f s} wl/ sfn h+hfn+ cxf/ s] wl/ rf]/+ . d}y'g s] wl/ h/f u/f;} c/w–p/w n} hf]/+ ..Ú lgb|fsf] jzLe"t k/]/ hLj sfnsf] h+hfndf km:b5 . o;sf/0f jLo{ :vlnt x'g glbP/ /f]Sg ;Sg'k5{ . of]uL ;fwsn] jLo{ :vlnt x'g lbg' x'Fb}g . gfy ;Dk|bfodf jfdfrf/n] :jLs[lt kfPsf] 5}g . gfy ;Dk|bfosf] bfz{lgs–j}rfl/s cfwf/ z}j k/Dk/f xf] / of] dxfg sf}n ;fws dT:o]Gb|gfysf] b]g eg]/ eGg ;lsG5 t/ gfyof]usf] cfwf/–;fwgf -x7of]u ;fwgf_ u'? uf]/vgfysf] b]g xf] . l;4fGttM b'j}df s'g} leGgtf 5}g . Jojxf/tM gfy ;Dk|bfo jfdfrf/af6 d'Qm / z'4 5 .

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;Gbe{ ;fdu|L ;"rL != s'df/, /dfO+b| -O=;=!((@_, …rf}/f;L l;4 cf}/ bf]xfsf]zÚ lbNnL M af}4 >d0f ljxf/ k|sfzg @= ltjf/L, 8f=/fdrGb| -O=;=!((&_, …of]u s] ljljw cfofdÚ, jf/f0f;L M ljZjljBfno k|sfzg . #= e§, ljBfgfy pkfWofo -@)^@_, …tGq–ljBfnf]sÚ, sf7df8f}+ M :jo+ .

(*$#^$@*^* à sf7df8f}+ k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 57


xf:oJoª\o

gs{kflnsf z]if/fh e§/fO{

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cfªdf df;' el/Fb} uPkl5 :ofn klg 3f]n{] x'G5 . 3f]n{] ePkl5 :ofn klg 7"nf] :j/n] s/fpF5 . ljsif{s eP klg cfsif{s x'G5 . cfsif{s ePkl5 cfFvf nfU5 / c¿sf] Wofg cfsif{0f klg x'G5 . 5f]/f5f]/Lx¿ 3f]n{] ePkl5 g} x/fpg] / Psn] csf{nfO{ dg k/fpg] u5{g\ . lrQfsif{s dgdf]xs ePkl5 rf]/n] afpsf] a'l4 ckgfP/ eP klg bzbfp nufP/ dfp agfpg pl56\ofpF5 . rf]g{' rf]/sf] wd{ xf] eg] cfkm}+ rf]l/g' rflx+ kd{ xf] . h'g tTsfn vfFrf] 6fg{ P]+rf] k}+rf] ul/G5 . gaGg' rf]/ alg;s]kl5 vf]/sf] v'/fs vfg cfgfsfgL ug{' x'Fb}g . Ps cy{df 3/hd eg]sf] oxL xf] . vf; u/L 3/af6 hDk u/]/ efu]kl5 3/hd x'g] u5{ . To;kl5 cfkm\gf] df}lnstf lal;{P/ c¿sf] b]vfl;sL ug{ ?rfpF5g\ . cfjZos k/] ;jf{ª\u pbfª\u kfg{], 9f8 s/ª b]vfpg] jf 7fpF 7fpFdf kmf6]sf] kfOG6, plw|Psf] xfkm kfOG6 nufpg pBt x'G5g\ . p6\k6\ofªdf g} ;j{:j b]V5g\ . cfkm\gf] k/Dk/f ;+:sf/ ;+:s[ltnfO{ ljs6 ljs[lt 7fG5g\ / s'/LltnfO{ ‰ofOF ‰ofOF afhf ahfP/ cGdfpg vf]H5g\ . o;df hgtf hgfb{g rgfvf] gx'g] xf] eg] rf]/ 8fsfx¿n] pFwf] aufP/ pFef] vf]Hg hfG5g\ . g]kfnsf j8fkflnsf, gu/kflnsf, dxfgu/kflnsf o:t} o:t} axfb'/L / kf}/v ug{] u/]sf sf/0fn] g} gs{kflnsf eGg nfos ePsf 5g\ . d]/f xh'/ a'afn] cfkm\gf] ljtf{ hUufdf ¿v la?jf /f]k]/ /]vb]v / ;+/If0f ub{} x/fe/f agfPsf] kf]v/f ( / To;}sf] kfl/k§L kf]v/f !) sf] pa]nfsf] 3gf j}/fuL jg gu/kflnsf 3f]if0ff ePkl5 cyf{t\ k|hftGqsf] k|fb"ef{j kl5 zflGt jg gfds/0f ub{} ljleGg ;ª\3 ;+:yfn] jf kx'Frjfnfn] x8k]/ clxn] To:tf] 3gf hª\undf 3gf 3gf 3/x¿ 7l8Psf 5g\ . clxn] ef]6]sf] af]s]bf/L h:tf] clnslt ar]sf] hª\un klg ef]ln kx'Frjfnfsf] kf]N6fdf kg{] xf]nf . 3gf3/ ePkl5 gu/kflnsfsf] nlqPsf] gfs / l;p/ 7f8f] / pRr x'G5 Sof/ . pma]nfdf 7fpF 7fpFdf hl8t ;fj{hlgs wf/f], kf6L, 58 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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kf}jf, rf}tf/f], zf}rfno, j/kLknx¿ pv]n]/ kmfn]kl5 kf]v/f dxfgu/kflnsf aGg of]Uo eof] Sof/ . c¿ gu/kflnsf klg Pp6} 8\ofªsf d"nf x'g\ . gu/kflnsfsf] :jefj h'sfsf] h:tf] 5 . s/ dfq} 9fl8g] / ;]jf ;'ljwf lbg' k/] 6fl9g] . o:tf cw{Goflos lgsfo gs{kflnsfsf] :jfoQ lgod sfg"g / ljsf;sf nflu 7fpF s'7fpF a]nf g s'a]nf aGg] elTsg] clg e|i6frf/ ug{ k|]l/t ug{] / e|i6frf/ ug{ ldNg] cv8f vf]Hg] ldnfpg] sfdsf nflu gu/kflnsf cu|:yfgdf 5 . kmntM ckTofl/nf ljsf; lgdf{0f, h}ljs ljljwtf / k|fs[lts ;+/If0fsf sfdx¿ x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . To;}sf] rk]6fdf k/]sf] 5 a}/fuL ag . ca efjL ;Gtltn] klg o:t} o;}sf] l;sf] ug{' g} lgsf] dfGnfg\ . d z'¿df sf7df8f}F hfFbf sf7df8f}F zx/ Kof/L k|]ldsf eGbf klg Kof/f] nfu]sf] lyof] . 3/ k'u]/ s'g} zq'n] lgx' vf]h] eg] sf7df8f}F uP/ cfPsf];Fu lgx'F vf]Hg] eGb} kfv'/f ;'ls{of] eg] cfkm}+ kl5 x6\y] . sf7df8f}Fsf] kfj/ / kfOg 5'§} lyof] . gfd dfq} lnFbf klg w]/} yfGsf] nfUy] . sf7df8f}Fsf uNnL uNnL r'Dg / 3'Dg nfos lyP . ;'Gwf/fsf] xf]6ndf a;'Gw/f;Fu a;]/ ;'Gwf/fs} kfgLn] g'xfpg] / lkpg] u/]sf] Kof/f] Hofg xf] of] . clxn] sf7df8f}F l;+uf] zx/ / ;'Gwf/f s'lNrg nfos 5}gg\ eg] Kof/L ;+:s[lt ;Dkbfn] el/k"0f{ sf7df8f}FnfO{ s;/L r'Kkf u/f}F < d'vel/ dxfdf/L ;lNsof] eg] . k'/fgf] dvdnL dndnsf] w/x/fnfO{ axQ/ ;fnsf] e"sDkn] ;n{Ss lglnxfNof] . gofF w/x/f ;':t ;':t 7l8Fb} 5 . k'/fgfsf] lt;{gf d]6fpg ;S5 ls ;Sb}g eljion] cf]sNb} hfnf . aGg] elTsg] dfgj ljs[lt t 5Fb} lyof] To;dfly k|fs[lts ljklQn] klg ylklbof] . 3/}3/n] el/Psf] sf7df8f}Fsf ;8sdf PSn} b'Sn} lxF8\g klg 8/ nfU5 . ck/fwLn] em+} gfsd'v 5f]k]/ pwf]d'G6f] nufP/ lxF8\g' k5{ . ck/fwL h]nd'St eP em}+ v'zL x'Fb} sf7df8f}F pkTosf 5f]8\g' k5{ . sf7df8f}FnfO{ 6]Sb} g6]s'F klg ;f/f z}lIfs k|j]zkqb]lv nAwfª\s kq / cg]s ;q p;}sf] vf]lsnfdf 5 . 6]Sbf 6]ls;Sg' 5}g . b]Vbf b]lv;Sg' 5}g . hfFbf uO;Sg' 5}g . t} klg xfdL g]kfn /fhwfgL eGb} gfs 78\ofpF5f}F . dxfgu/kflnsf ag]kl5 sf7df8f}F s'NrL g;Sg] u/L s'¿k ag]sf] 5 . wfld{s, b]j tLy{:yn, s'jf, wf/f], s'08, tnfp, kf]v/L, uGwfodfg 5g\ . yfgsf]6af6 l5g{] ljlQs} b]pt]af]sf] ugfPem}F ugfpg yflnxfN5 . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 59


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uNnL uN5]8fx¿ lkgf;sf] gfz} u?nf em} pw'd rsf{] uGwn] gfssf aGb u|GyLx¿ cfkm}+ v'Ng yfN5g\ . o:tf] kf] ljsf; kl/jt{g, ljsl;t g]kfn, gofF g]kfn, ;'vL g]kfnL . o;eGbf a9\tf cf; ug{' klg Ps lsl;dsf] d"Vof{O g} xf] lg . pkTosfleq ;txQ/ lhNnf nufot ljZjsf /ª\uLlj/ª\uL gfgfefFtLsf dfG5]sf] tfFtL b]Vg kfOG5 . dlxnf / k'?ifsf] 3g3f]/ cfTdLotfnfO{ clxn]sf] of] sf]/f]gf dxfdf/Ln] l5GgleGg kf/]sf] b]Vbf b]x b|jLe"t eP/ cfpF5 . 7d]n eGg] 7fpFdf t emg 7]nd 7]n g} x'G5 Sof/ . dxfaf}4 tLy{:yndf Rofª\af / d}Rofªsf] gSsn ub{} klZrdf ko{6s klg PslaQ] n'uf nufP/ v'zL / pdËn] tLglaQf plk|mFb} df]O vfg tF5f8 d5f8 u/]sf] b]Vbf cf]/fnf] nfu]sf] hjfgL klg s'jfsf] kfgL kfgL eGb} af}l/G5 eG5g\ . ;'Gbf klg /x/} nfUg] . vKk/df n]v]sf] eP kf] 7fpFdf k'luG5 . s'jfsf] Eofu'tfsf] efUo g} slt x'G5 / < cf;g g zf;g ko{6sn] cfkm\gf] snf b]vfpg] If]q /x]5 of] . df}sf ldNof] ls u'6'd'6' n'6'k'6' x'G5g\ / b]vfO b]vfO dfG5]sf d'lvGhL s;/L ahfpg ;s]sf . kf]v/fsf] n]s;fO8nfO{ klg x/fpFnf h:tf] u/]/ gUg, cw{gUg / dxfgUgsf cfª\lus :jfªdf Ejfª 6fln/x]sf b]lvG5g\ . kufg{] sf]/Ng] logsf] Wofg g} To;}df /x]5 . clws hfF8kfgL 8fpgnf]8 u/]/ xf]nf v'§f / ljrf/ n8\v8fO /x]sf] x'G5 . Psaf/sf] h'lgdf sf7df8f}F af}4sf] clws hf8f] rfVg ufsf] l;/s cf]8\g' kb{}g eg]/ hfF8} rvfP/ k7fO lbP e§LjfnL lbbLn] . h]xf];\= grfv]sf] s'/f rfVg / gb]v]sf] s'/f b]Vg kfOG5 / kf] ko{6s g]kfn eg]kl5 em'QL v]n]/ cfpg] u5{g\ . o;f] ePkl5 dxf gs{kflnsf 3f]if0ff x'g] g} eof] lg Û :ju{t'No sflGtk'/L gu/L clxn] e|flGtk'/L gu/L ePsf] 5 . 6'Fl8v]n 9'F8Lv]n eP5 . p/f7nfUg] pBfg d}bfgx¿ b]Vbf ljsf;sf] lgsf; eP5 cfoft ePg 5 . klxnf sf7df8f}Fsf] s'gf sfKrfdf kN6f} kN6f}, a;f}F a;f}F nfUYof] clxn] t 6]sf}F 6]sf}F g} nfu]g . km]l/ km]l/ b]vf}F b]vf}F klg nfu]g . g d}Rofª\sf] uGwn] tfGg ;Sof] g sf7df8f}Fsf] 5GbaGbn] . cUnf cUnf 3/ 78\ofP/ ljb]zem}+ ljsl;t agfPsf x'g\ Sof/ t/ dxfgu/af;Ln] 3fdsf] d'v gb]v]/ /f]usf] e08f/ ;fyd} /fv]h:tf] nfUof] . afudtL lji0f'dtLdf :gfg u/]/ s}of}F b]jL b]jtfsf] Wofg cfkm"lt/ v}lrg ;kmn of] HofgnfO{ afudtLdf g'xfPsf] eg]/ 3/a]6Ln] 3/leq l5g{} lbPgg\ . ljsf;sf] r/d :jfb rflv/x]sf] dxfgu/kflnsf z/d gdfgL gs{kflnsfdf 60 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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¿kfGt/0f ePsf] b]Vbf cfkm\g} hGde"ldk|ltsf] df]x klg PsfPs eª\u ePsf sf/0fn] g} o'jf af}l4s hdft aflx/ xflgg cft'/ x'G5g\ . 3/}3/n] e/]/ dfgjsf] 3'OFrf] 3rf/f] agfpFb}df dxfgu/kflnsf e}xfNof] t < v} dxfgu/kflnsfn] hgtfnfO{ lbg' kg{] cfjZos cfwf/e"t ;]jf ;'ljwf < dnd"qn] RofKof] eg] bf}8]/ s'gf k:g' k5{ . af6f] 3f6f]df nf6f] lxF8\g} g;Sg] e};Sof] . Ps lsnf]ld6/ l5rf]Ng @ 306f nfUg yfln;Sof] . ;'sf] bfd geP hn;|f]tsf] wgL b]zsf hgtfn] kfgL klg lkpg kfpFb}gg\ . u/La b'MvL /f]u / ef]sn] d'lSt dfu{ vf]lh/x]sf x'G5g\ . p/f7, pbf;, hh{/ o; e"lddf ;]jf ;'ljwf, cf8 e/f];f, pksf/, p4f/ pkrf/ cfsfzsf] kmn ePsf] 5 . ef]sf gfª\uf u/La b'MvLsf] lxtdf gu/kflnsfn] s] /Lt k'¥ofof] < s/ dfq} 7f]Sg] hgtfsf] cleef/f gaf]Sg] < dxfgu/kflnsfsf] tfn a]tfn b]Vbf efjL ;Gtltn] klg gs{kflnsf eg]/ g} ;Daf]wg u5{g\ ls em}+ nflu/x]sf] 5 . 3fd 5Fb} gfs hf]ufpg] sfd u/f}F Û à lzjelQm dfu{, km"naf/L !!, kf]v/f (*)^^&&%($

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k7gLo ;flxlTos klqsfx¿

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g]kfnL, cleJolQm, efg', xfd|f] k'?iffy{, bfloTj, lzjk'/L ;Gb]z, zfNdln, hgdt, ;'n]v, zAbfª\s'/, sf}lzsL, z[ª\vnf, gjk|1fkg, cIf/dfu{, hd36, sNkt?, cfn]vg, gf/L:j/, /h:yn, skg jfg]Zj/, bf]efg, j}hoGtL, zAb;+of]hg, jlgtf, clegj, syflnsf, ;+ud cleofg cflb ;flxlTos klqsfx¿ lgoldt ¿kdf k|sflzt eO/x]sf 5g\ .

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 61


n]k ;Eotf dx]Zj/ zdf{

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s'g} s'/f jf j:t'nfO{ /fd|f] kfg{ jf b]vfpg aflx/af6 3:g] rLhnfO{ n]k elgG5 . 3fpdf nufpg] cf}iflwnfO{ klg n]k elgG5 eg] 3/cfFug lnk kf]t ug]{ /ftf], sfnf], ;]tf] -sd]/f]_ ;d]tsf df6f klg n]kg} x'g\ . ;'g h:tf] b]vfpg] lkQn, tfdfnfO{ ;'gsf] df]nDaf nufPsf] klg n]kg} xf] eg] h'Qf 6Nsfpg nufpg] kflnz klg n]k xf] . bfFt, gª ;'lsnf jf dg dflkmssf /ªdf b]vfpg] klg lxhf] cfh n]k nufpF5g\ eg] cfˆgf] hLpsf] 5fnf jf skfnsf /f}+ rfx]cg';f/sf] ¿kdf b]vfpg klg cg]s yl/ n]ksf] k|of]u e}/x]s} 5 . d]x+bL, ufhn klg t n]kg} x'g\ lg Û cfˆgf] hLp 8fn /fd|f] b]vfpg s;}n] t]n 3:5g\ eg] s;}n] lqmd–kfp8/ 3:5g\, Tof] klg n]kg} xf] . k'/fgf] k/Dk/f x]g]{ xf] eg] t a's'jf ;a}eGbf /fd|f] n]k xf], h;df b"wsf] t/, a];f/ tf]/Lsf] t]n cflb x'GYof] / :jf:Yosf nflu klg c;n dflgGYof] . t/ lxhf] cfh s]ldsn ld;fPsf n]kn] ubf{ 5fnfsf] k|fs[lts ¿k g} x/fpFb} dfq} xf]Og, 5fnfsf] /f]u ;d]t pAh]sf 5g\ . rfx] £o" t]n cg'xf/df bNgf];\ of cfw'lgs dnxd, lqmd nufpgf];\ p2]Zo Pp6} ePklg kmfObf a]kmfObfdf eg] km/s 5 . cfkm" jf cfˆgf] rLh j:t'nfO{ /fd|f] b]vfpg'g} ;a}sf] p2]Zo /x]sf] ePklg of] n]k ;Eotf stflt/ u}/x]sf] 5 < Tof] eg] ljrf/0fLo 5 . ;Eotf cfh cfj/0f dfq ePsf] 5 . jf:tjdf ;Eotf leqL ;f}Gbo{ x'g'kg]{df oxfF 9fs5f]kn] 7fpF kfPsf] 5 . 9fs5f]k ;+:s[ltn] jf:tljstf n'sfOlbG5 . cfh sfddf dfq xf]Og, s'/fdf klg s'g} ;f/ jf jf:tljstf 5}g . cem ;f]em} egf}+ eg] ;j{q agfj6L / gSsnL k|bz{g e}/x]sf] 5 . nufpg], vfg], af]Ng], lx8\g] s'/fdf ;d]t n]k r9fOPsf] x'G5 . To;}nfO{ lxhf] cfh ;Eotf eGg] ul/Psf]5 . ;xL s'/f cfˆg} 7]6 efiffdf s;}n] n]k 62 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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gnufO{ eGof, af]Nof] eg] s:tf] h+unL, kfv], :jfF7 /x]5 eGg a]/ nfpFb}gg\ . xfd|f] efiff, af]nL s:tf] x'g'k5{ < eGg] s'/f j]b b]lv lnP/ cfh ko{Gtsf jfª\don] b]vfPsf 5g\ . …oy]df+ jfr+ sNof0fL df jbflg hg]EoM.Ú …ot\ jfs\ sfodfg;MÚ cflb :d/0fLo 5g\. s"6gLlts zAb klg xfd|f nflu gf}nf 5}gg\ . t/ lrQ b'Vg] s'/f sxfF cfpF5 eg] ljgf l;Q}df g;'xfpg] 7fpFdf ul/:of];\, Ho'gf/ xf];\, dhL{ xf];\ h:tf t]nrfk|] cke|+z zAb k|of]u u/]/ g]kfnL efiffsf] cg'xf/ klg cfw'lgs lqmd kfp8/ bn]/ cfˆgf] cg'xf/df sfnf]kf]tf] lgsfn] h:t} e};Sof] . efiffdf nflnTo Nofpg d'v aË\ofP/ / s'd xNnfP/ xf]Og, k9]/ cEof; u/]/ dfq ;lsG5 . Tof] k/Dk/f cfh x/fpFb} 5, s]jn n]k ;+:s[lt b]vfkb}{5 . xf] s'g} s'/fnfO{ /fd|f] ¿kdf k|:t't ug{', ;'Gb/ b]vfpg vf]Hg' ;Eotf xf] . xfd|f] z/L/sf c+u k|To+u xfdL ;a}n] b]v] a'em]s} s'/f x'g\, t/ To;nfO{ /fd|f] b]vfpg xfdL cfh sk8f nufpg] eof}+, of] ;Eotf xf] . ;Eotf eg]sf] lzi6tf klg xf] . ;Eo lzi6n] afËf] af6f] hfGb}g, t/ oxfF afËf] af6f]nfO{ g} ;Eotf eGg yflnof] . cz'e / c:j:y t/Lsfg} ;Eotf x'g k'Uof] . 9fF6\g', 5Ng', 5sfpg'nfO{ rt'/ -af7f]_ sf] ;+1f lbg yflnof] . sd;n pks/0faf6 c;n pknlAwsf] cfzf ubf{ xfd|f] ;Eotf / ;+:s[lt s'¿k x'g k'Uof] . g/fd|f]nfO{ klg c¿n] /fd|f] elgb]cf];\ eg]/ xfdL cfzf u5f}{+ . geg]df xfdL l/;fpF5f}+ . csf{n] klg To;} ug]{ eof] . x'Fbf x'Fbf xfdLn] af6f] la/fO;Sof}+ . of] zf]rgLo cj:yf xf], o;nfO{ ;Rofpg' k5{ . To; lglDt k5fl8 kms]{/ x]g{' kb{5 . cfhnfO{ olQ g} . (*$!!&**%$ à r'gb]jL, dxf/fhu~h, sf7df8f}+

kfl/G5 ;Qf ha v08v08 /xG5 s] /fi6« ToxfF cv08 y'ltG5 kQf ha vft vft l;l4G5 zf]ef clg k"mnaf6 – /fi6«slj dfwj l3ld/] k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 63


lgaGw df]xgaxfb'/ sfo:y

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Pp6f vf; ljifonfO{ lnP/ ts{ljts{ ug]{ / ljifout ljZn]if0f–;+Zn]if0f ug]{ lj:t[t ljj/0fnfO{ lgaGw eGg] xf]nf ls< dxfslj b]jsf]6fn] …s] g]kfn ;fgf] 5<Ú egL g]kfnsf] ul/df ufP lgaGwdf . uBdf n]lvg] lgaGw ct'ngLo k|z+;fsf] lrq0f dgf]/l~ht klg x'G5 . sNkgf zlQm xfjfsf] j]udf bf}8g ;S5, dfq zAbdf s'Fb\g a]/ nfU5 . b]jsf]6fs} …lgb|fÚ, ;dsf] …tntnÚ, ‘k'is/ zdz]/sf] …kl/aGbÚ cflb j]ujfg\ Pjd\ rdTsf/sf n]vg x'g\Ù h;n] efj dfq xf]Og, Åbo:kzL{ 1fgsf] e08f/ a9fpF5g\ . s] k|aGw, s] lgaGw, jf:tjdf p:t}p:t} x'g \. b]jsf]6fsf … kGw|| k|jGwÚ klg lgaGws} kf/fdf jl0f{t 5g\ . 5f]6f] xf];\ jf nfdf], pxL la/fnf]sf] cg'xf/s} af3h:tf] v'N5 . la/fnf] / af3df cfsf/dfqsf] km/s 5Ù cfgLafgL, Jojxf/ b'j} lx+;|s 5g\ . dfq la/fnf] 3/3/ s'b\5, af3 jgjgdf cfj|mfds eP/ bf}8G5 . lgaGw n]Vg] ljrf/ t cfof] t/ lgaGwsf] JofVofdf dfq ;Lldt geO{ s'g} ljifoj:t' cf]u6\g dg nfUof], t/ ljifo 5fGg wf}wf} eof] . olt ;lhnf] 5}g lg lgaGw n]Vg Û syfsfl/tf xf]Og, g t pkGof; g} . kfqkfqfsf] rl/q rl/tfy{ eP/ hfcf];\ . ;"Idflt;"Id ljifoj:t' klg cf]u6\g] u/L ljifosf] JofVof x'g'k¥of] lgaGwdf, 1fgjw{s / c;n lzNk phfu/ x'g'k¥of] lg Û ;dsf] … tntnÚ leq r'/f]6 lkpg] cfbtnfO{ olt /fd|f];Fu t[i0ff d]6\g] k|of; ul/Psf] 5 eg] k'is/ zdz]/sf] …kl/aGbÚdf s] s:tf] cfjfh 3lGs/xG5 / ToxL lrh eljtJosf] ;dodf cg]s dfg] nfuL eljtJosf ¿kdf t/lËt x'g k'U5 / bf]ifL x'g k'U5 . ;fgf] s'/f ubf{ sqf] 7"nf] dfg] nfUg] eOlbG5 . sfNklgs ;+;f/df 8'a'NsL dfg{ sNkgf ug]{ zlQm ckf/ x'g'k5{ . ;kgfdf Ps ldg]6df k|zfGt dxf;fu/ kf/ ug{ ;lsG5 eg] P6nflG6s dxf;fu/ If0fdf . of] lgb|ffleqsf] sNkgf hfu|t\ cj:yfdf x'g klg ;Sb}g / ;'if'lKtdf t x'g] s'/} ePg, t/ lgb|fdf :jKg eP/ axlsG5 .

64 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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:jKgdf :jKg;'Gb/L;Fu ul/Psf] /f;nLnf :vlnt eP/ hfu|t\df cgf}7f] nfuL ;f]Rg k'luG5 . slxNo} g;f]r]sf], gb]v]sf], ge]6]sf] OToflb ;f]r :jKg eP/ s;/L clxNo} xf] h:tf] u/]/ k|blz{t x'G5 If0feË'/ eP/ . hfu|t\ cj:yfdf cfFvf cufl8 ;a} k|:t't x'G5g\ eg] :jKg cyf{t\ lgb|f hut\df lgb|f lgb|fb]jLsf] z/0ffut x'G5 clg ;'iflKtdf oL ;a gf8L, g;f, OlGb|ox¿ sxfF lj>fd lng k'U5g\Ù of] hLjwf/L z/L/nfO{ dg, a'l4, lrQn] sxfF s;/L lj>fd lbG5g\ yfx} x'Fb}g . t/ hLjfTdf hLljt g} /xG5 . dgUu] ;kgfdf bz}b]zsf] e|d0f ul/of]Ù t/ g;f]r]s} b]z klg obfsbf ;TotYo eP/ To; 7fpFdf k'lu+bf] /x]5 . sxfFsf] k|mfG;sf] k]l/; clg eJo cfOlkmn 6fj/ ghfpGh]n :jKgdo b]v]kl5 j:t'k/s lgdf{0f kf] /x]5 . k"/} tndfly r9L oqtq rf}tkmL{ x]/]/ uugr'DaL prfOdf …a8{\; cfO{ Eo"Ú zx/sf] rf}tkmL{ Wofg s]lGb|t tyf:t' ePs} 5 . ;kgfdf pq]sf] a]nfot, cd]l/sf 306f}+sf] hxfh ofqfdf k'u]sf] If0f klg crlDdt x'g'kg]{ eg] b]lvPg . :jKgdf ldg]6df k'u]sf] csNkgLo ;fu/ / b]z oyf:yltdf ;fu/ klg / b]z klg :ynut lg/LIf0f ug]{ ef}lts If0f s'g} :jKgdo ePg, dfq cTofw'lgs oflGqsLs/0fsf] k|of]u eP/ b]lvof] . o;/L sNkgfdf 8'Abf klg sNkgf ;To eP/ cfpFbf] /x]5 . ;f]Rb} g;f]r]sL gt{sL, k/Lsf] 5n x]bf{x]bf{ cfFvf cufl8 oL gt{sLx¿ lgn{HHf klx/gdf lbg/ft s'lb/x]sf, gflr/x]sf, k'?ifx¿ ed/f eP/ k"mnk"mndf /; r':b}r':b} PsPs–csf]{csf]{ u/L 8'n]sf] klg b]lvof] . ;+;f/ klg w]/} hLj k|f0fLx¿sf] /h:yn /x]5, v]Ng] d}bfg /x]5 . s;n] k"0f{ sNkgfdf s}b ug{ ;Sof] / v} Û dflg;x¿ cfh sxfF sxfF k'lu;s], dËn u|xdf ;d]t 6]s] . crDd dfGg'kg]{ s]xL 5}g, wLt df/]/ ljsf;sf] ult cfTds]lGb|t u/] x'G5 . gd/L afFr], sfnn] ;fFr] e]6 x'g] /x]5 o:tf ljlrqsf cGj]if0fx¿df . syfljz]ifdf s+;nfO{ cfk\mg} efGhf >Ls[i0fn] dfg]{ 5g\ eGg] cfsfzjf0fL ePsf] lyof] /] Û ptf /fj0fnfO{ klg >L/fdn] dfg]{ 5g\ eGg] cfsfzjf0fL ;fIfft\ ePsf] /] . p; hdfgfdf klg cfsfzjf0fL x'g] k|ljlw /x]5 t Û lxhf]cfh l6eL, OG6/g]6 k|lj|mof hNbf]aNbf] 5 . hxfhsf] t s'/} gu/f}+ . gf/b jfo'ofgdf r9]/ hfG5g\ /] . ptf /fj0fn] ;Ltf dftfnfO{ x/0f u/L jfo'ofgdf nÍf k'¥ofP /] Û crDd Û x]bf{;G' bf :jKgdo sNkgf . t/ lxhf]cfh x'g] u/]sf] ckx/0f s] p:t} xf]Ogg\ / < zf:qsf] k|xf/, ad k|xf/n] gfz ubf]{ 5 . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 65


/fdfo0f / dxfef/tdf wg'af{0fsf] k|of]usf] n8fOFdf xf/ hLt x'g] / a|Dxf:q;d]t k|xf/ ePsf] b[Zo sfJo x]bf{ crDd dfGg'k' g]{ t s]xL klg /x]g5 . dfq c1fgn] xfdLnfO{ bf]xf]¥ofP/ cGwsf/df ws]ns ] f] kf] /x]5 . 1fg v'Nof] t ;a v'n:t eof]. 1fgrIf'n] gb]v; ] Dd kTof/ gx'g] /x]5 . 1fgsf] kf]sf v'nk] l5 ch'g { n] >Ls[i0fsf] lbJo d'xf/ x]/s ] f] h:t} 5n{Ë x'g] /x]5 . lgaGw n]V5' eg]sf] t dgsf] ts{gf kf] sf]l/P5 . jf:tjdf dgsf ts{gfx¿ g} lgaGwsf cfsf/k|sf/ x'g\ eGg]df b'O{dt x'Gg . o;}df d dUg ePF . ho 5f]6f] lgaGw . (*%!)!%)#% à jfg]Zj/, sf7df8f}+

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df};d cg';f/sf tfhf kmnkm"n / h";sf nflu xfdLnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ Û

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;+od kmnk"mn P08 h"; ;]G6/ w'Daf/fxL, sf7df8f}+

:sfO{hf]g kf6L{ Kofn];sf] ;fd'Gg], laef]/ xf]6n;Fu} (*%@)^^^#(÷(*^&%&*&%)

oxfF :t/Lo / /fd|f] cNnf]sf] sf]6 klg kfOG5 . t}of/L ?= %%))÷– sk8f dfq ?=#)))÷– 66 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


1ftJo

5g\ ;j{xf/f hxfF >L dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]

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[cfwf/ ;flxTo ;ldlt, k|rf/ / ;"rgf ljefu, lzIff dGqfno, l;+xb/af/, sf7df8f}+, k|sfzs /x]sf] / zf/bfk|;fb pkfWofo ;Dkfbs /x]sf] dfl;s klqsf xf] …hfu[ltÚ . @))( ;fnsf] …hfu[ltÚ jif{ ! cÍ # df k|sflzt >L dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]sf] …aQL s;/L afn"FÚ zLif{s sljtf ;fef/ oxfF k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . sljtf;Fu} /flvPsf] …hfu[ltÚsf] :fDkfbsLo l6Kk0fL o; k|sf/ /x]sf] 5–æ>L dfwjk|;fb l3ld/] k|l;l4 kfPsf g]kfnL slfjx¿dWo] Ps x'g'x'G5 . ;flxTok|]dL ;j{;fwf/0fx¿n] jxfFsf] kl/ro Toltj]n} kfP ha g]kfnL ;flxTo kl/ifbsf] tTjfjwfgdf ePsf] slj ;Dd]ngdf dfOssf] cufl8 uP/ jL/ /;n] cf]tk|f]t ePsf] …/fli6«o em08fÚ ufP/ jxfF s'n{g'eof] . sljx¿ cS;/ km6fxf x'G5g\ . h] n]V5g\ Tof] n]Vgsf] lglDt dfq n]V5g\ t/ dfwjhLnfO{ Tof] bf]if lbg kfOGg . cfly{s ;+s6n] hL0f{zL0f{ b]Vt} ?F ?F h:tf] nfUg] ;dfhsf] cj:yf b]v]/ eGg'x'G5–æd]/f] :ju{ /r"F ToxfF d s;/L < 5g\ ;j{xf/f hxfFÆ o;af6 yfxf kfOG5 dfwjhL Ps oyfy{ / k|ultjfbL slj x'g'x'G5 / ;fy} Ps b]zeQm klg–;+=Æ–k|:t't 5 pQm sljtf M–k|=;+=]

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aQL s;/L afn"F

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>L dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]

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afn]sf o; alQnfO{ h;n] rfxG5 atf{pg yfn]sf] cj ev{/} k|ult hf] rfxG5 kmsf{pg hf] xfF;L lbg;S5 vf8ndxfF g]kfn ef;Lsg To:tf dflg;sf] lgldQ d t x'F of}6f 7'nf] b'Zdg . dL7f] vfg dnfO k'U5 s;/L < k'Ub}g kL7f] hxfF ;'VvL aGg ToxfF dnfO gk/f];\, 5g\ nfv b'MvL hxfF s] afn"F 3/df d alQ, em'k8L ?G5g\ cFWof/f hxfF d]/f] :ju{ /r"F ToxfF d s;/L < 5g\ ;j{xf/f hxfF ..

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 67


uxlsnf] cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x M dt cledt k|f= uf]kLs[i0f zdf{

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sljtf, syf, pkGof;, lgaGw, ;+:d/0f, ;flxlTos hLjgL, cGtjf{tf{, cfTdj[Q, s[lt–;Dkfbgh:tf ax'ljw If]qdf lg/Gt/ l;h{gf/t /xg] clj>fd ;flxToofqL /fdk|;fb kGt -hGd M @)!) u'NdLÙ xfnM sf7df8f}F_ ;flxTol;h{gf, klqsfut ;Dkfbg tyf k|sfzg / ;flxlTos ;+:yfsf] ;+:yfkg–k|j4{g ug{] oz:jL lqj]0fL x'g\ . g]kfnL sljtf–n]vgaf6 ;flxTo If]qdf k|j]z u/]sf] cfTd:jLs[lt hgfpFb} ;flxTosf/ kGtn] cfkm" ef/t Clifs]zdf kfFr jif{ -@)@&–@)#@_ ;Dd ;+:s[t ljifodf cWoog/t /xFbf ToxfFsf] g]kfnL 5fq;ª\3sf] jflif{s d'vkq …g]kfnL k'sf/Úsf nflu sljtf n]Vg] u/]sf] / To;df cfˆgf g]kfnL 5Gb sljtfx¿ klg 5flkg] u/]sf] sljtf n]vgsf] k[i7e"ldnfO{ ;d]t :jo+ /fdk|;fb kGtn] j]nf–avt eGg] u/]sf klg 5g\ . pQm g]kfnL 5fq;ª\3df ;lrj kbdf /x]/ ;+:yf ;~rfng u/]sf] k|f/lDes cg'ejn] ;flxTosf/ kGtnfO{ kbjtL{ ;dodf ;+:yf ;+:yfkg / ;~rfngsf nflu k|:yfglaGb'sf] sfd u/]sf] kl/nlIft x'G5 . Clifs]zaf6 ;+:s[t ;flxTodf zf:qL k/LIff pQL0f{ u/]/ lq=lj=af6 g]kfnL ljifodf Pd=P= z}lIfs tx k"/f u/]sf /fdk|;fb kGt sf7df8f}Fdf /x]/ /fi6«;]jf / ;flxTo ;]jf b'j}tkm{ lqmofzLn b]lvG5g\ . sljtfaf6 n]vg cf/De eP klg ;flxTosf/ kGtsf] s[ltut klxnf] k|sfzg eg] …la/fgf] a:tLdfÚ -pkGof;, @)$$_ b]lv z'¿ ePsf] 5 / o;kl5 dfq bf];|f] k|sfzgsf] ¿kdf kGtsf] sljtfs[lt …j]bgfsf nx/x¿Ú -v08sfJo, @)$&_ k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . sljtftkm{ pQ/jtL{ r/0fdf slj /fdk|;fb kGtsf b'O{ sljtf s[lt k|sflzt ePsf 5g\— …tLtfdL7f s'/fÚ g}lts b[i6fGt -;xn]vg @)^#_ / …/fdk|;fb kGtsf sljtfÚ -sljtf;ª\u|x, @)&)_ . ;do qmddf kGtsf] ;flxTo ;fwgfdf kB /rgfsf] ck]Iff uBsfl/tfn] a9L k|>o kfof] / vf;u/L lgofqfn]vgn] ljz]if l;l4 k|fKt u¥of] . kmn:j¿k lgofqfsf/ /fdk|;fb 68 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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kGtnfO{ lgofqf;ª\u|x …clj/n ofqfÚ -@)&@_ sf nflu @)&@ ;fnsf] pQd zflGt k'/:sf/ k|fKt eof] . s[lt k|sfzgdf cf/De -la/fgf] a:tLdf, pkGof; @)$$_ b]lv kl5Nnf] s[lt k|sfzg -;Kt/ ª\uL ofqf, lgofqf;ª\u|x, @)&^_ ;Dd cfOk'Ubf t]QL; jif{df emG8} c9fO bh{g hlt ljljw k|s[ltsf s[ltx¿ k|sflzt ePsf 5g\ . h; cGtu{t ;flxTosf/ kGtsf sljtf s[lt tLg, pkGof; b'O{, syf;ª\u|x rf/, lgofqf;ª\u|x ;f]x|, cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x Ps / ljljw -;flxlTos hLjgL, cfTdj[Q, ;+:d/0f / :d[ltu|Gy_ rf/ u/L #) ;ª\Vofdf s[ltx¿ k|sflzt ePsf 5g\ . logdWo] cfwfeGbf a9L ;ª\Vofdf lgofqfs[ltx¿ k|sflzt ePsf 5g\ / logdf klg ;j{k|yd k|sflzt lgofqfs[lt …hfkfg e|d0fsf s]xL ;DemgfÚ -@)%*_ xf] eg] clxn];Ddsf] clGtd k|sfzg rflxF …;Kt/ª\uL ofqfÚ -@)&^_ lgofqf;ª\u|x xf] . o; k|sf/ vf;u/L k/jtL{ r/0fdf ;flxTosf/ kGtsf] a9L cle?lr lgofqf–n]vgdf ePs]f b]lvG5 . jt{dfg ;dodf lgofqfs[lt kf7sx¿af6 a9L ?rfOg] cfVofg]t/ uB /rgf x'gk'u]sf] 5 / o;df :yfgLo /Ë, ef}lts ;Dkbfsf] lrqfTds j0f{g, ;"rgfTdstf, sf}t"xn, cfTdk/stf, kf7sd}qL, ;flxlTos ;f}Gbo{ / x[bo:kzL{ 36gfljj/0f h:tf ljz]iftf efjssf] efjgfnfO{ ljB't\:kz{ u5{g\ / lgofqfs[lt k|]o / >]o aGg k'Ub5 . lgofqfs} kl/j]zsf] k[i7e"lddf s'g} vf; ljifo af/] Ot/kIfsf] wf/0ff bf]xg ug{] ;flxlTos ljwf xf] cGtjf{tf{ . o;df klg ;flxTosf/ kGtsf] ;+nUgtf kfOG5 / kmn:j¿k … dtcledtÚ cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . ;flxTosf/ /fdk|;fb kGtåf/f n]lvPsf] …dt cledtÚ cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x @)&% ;fndf bfloTj jfª\do k|lti7fgaf6 k|sflzt s[lt xf] . o;df c7\7fO; hgf ljlzi6 ;flxTosf/ ;|i6fx¿;Fu ;do–;dodf cGtjf{tf{sf/ kGtn] lnPsf @* cGtjf{tf{ clen]vx¿ ;ª\slnt 5g\ . oL ;flxlTos ultljlwdf k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 69


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s]lGb|t cGtjf{tf{ x'g\ / k|Zgstf{ cGtjf{tf{sf/sf] cg'/f]w cg';f/ pQ/bftf ;|i6fn] cfˆgf] ;flxTodf k|j]zsf] k[i7e"ld, vf; ;flxTok|lt em'sfj, n]vg– k|lqmof, ;flxlTos k|j[lQ, k|rlnt ;flxlTos wf/f, eflifs l:ylt, ;flxTosf] efjL lbzf / ;flxlTos ;Gb]zh:tf :y"n–;"Id kIfdf cfˆgf ljrf/, wf/0ff, kl/ro / l6Kk0fL k|:t't u/]sf x'G5g\ . ;flxlTos If]q xf];\ cyjf ;flxTo]t/ cGo If]q xf];\, o;df cGtjf{tf{ lng] k|Zgstf{ lgs} rgfvf] / lj1 x'g'k5{ . h'g If]qsf] w/ftndf /x]/ cGtjf{tf{ lng] xf] To; If]qsf af/]df /fd|f] 1fg / kx'Fr ePsf] JolQmn] g} uxg cGtjf{tf{ lng ;S5 . pQ/bftfaf6 klg ;3g ljrf/ / uxlsnf ;"rgfx¿ cfpg ;S5g\ . o; qmddf cGtjf{tf{sf/ /fdk|;fb kGtsf] ;flxTo–l;h{gfsf] ;'bL3{ cg'ej, ljljw ljwfsf s[ltx¿sf] n]vg, ;flxTosf/x¿;Fusf] lg/Gt/ ;x;Dks{ / klqsfsf nflu k|fKt n]v–/rgfsf] ;Dkfbg–kl/is/0f snf, ;fy} ljljw ;flxlTos uf]i7Lx¿df ;lqmo ;xeflutf cflb lqmofsnfkn] ubf{ :jo+ kGt klg o; If]qsf ;Ifd cGtjf{tf{sf/sf ¿kdf b]lvPsf 5g\ . To;f] x'gfn] klg jl/i7 ;flxlTos kqsf/ /f]rs l3ld/]sf b[li6df klg …/fdk|;fb kGt u'bL ePsf] cGtjf{tf{ tof/ kfg{] zlQmzfnL cGtjf{tf{sf/ x'g\ .Ú …dt cledtÚ d"ntM cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x xf], h;df k|Zgstf{ / pQ/bftfaLr d}qLk"0f{ s'/fsfgL x'G5, cGtjf{tf{ lbg] JolQmsf] kl/ro k|fKt x'G5, ultljlwx¿ pb\3fl6t x'G5g\ / jt{dfg o'usf] dfu{lrqsf] klg cfsng x'G5 . o; afx]s klg of] cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|xdf dfuf{Gt/af6 ;|i6fsf] ;flxlTos hLjgL ;d]t lgb{]lzt ePsf] 5 . d"ntM of] s[lt cGtjf{tf{ x'Fb} xf], ;flxTosf/n] k|ToIftM cfˆgf s'/f /fVg] k|lqmof . t} klg o; vfnsf] ;flxlTos cGtjf{tf{ rflxF 5fof¿kn] ;|i6fsf] ;flxlTos hLjgL klg aGg k'u]sf] x'G5 . o;df cGtjf{tf{sf/n] k|foM cGtjf{tf{ lng'k"j{ ;DalGwt ;|i6fsf] ;ª\lIfKt JolQmj[Q klg lbPsf] x'G5 / afFsL s'/fx¿ ;flxTosf/n] g} k|ToIf af]n]sf x'G5g\ . dfgf}F, nueu Ps t[tLof+z efu k|Zgstf{af6 cfPsf] x'G5 eg] JolQmj[Qsf] afFsL låt[tLof+z hlt efu ;DalGwt ;|i6faf6 cfP/ ;flxlTos hLjgLn] k"0f{tf kfpF5 . b'j} efu ldnfP/ k'gn{]vg u/]kl5 :jtGq ;flxTosf/ kl/ro tof/ klg x'G5 . csf{]tkm{ oL cGtjf{tf{x¿n] pRr lzIffsf] ;DalGwt sIff lzIf0fsf nflu / ;flxTout ;dLIff n]vgdf klg ljz]if ;fdu|L k|bfg u/]/ ;3fp k'¥ofPsf x'G5g\ . ;du|df of] ;ª\u|x k|sf/fGt/n] ;flxTosf/ kl/rosf]z klg aGg k'u]sf] k|tLt x'G5 . 70 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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k|:t't cGtjf{tf{ ;ª\u|xdf g]kfnL ;flxTosf Vofltk|fKt ljljw ;flxTo;|i6fx¿;Fu lnOPsf cGtjf{tf{x¿ ;dflji6 5g\ . slj, syfsf/, pkGof;sf/, gf6\osdL{, ;flxlTos lrGts, ;dfnf]rs, sfo{qmd ;~rfns, ;flxlTos kqsf/ k|e[ltaf6 lnOPsf cGtjf{tf{x¿sf] ;Fufn]sf ¿kdf of] s[lt b]vfk/]sf] 5 . o; s[ltdf ;dfj]z ePsf cGtjf{tf{ lbg] ;flxlTos JolQmTjx¿ x'g\— 8f= w'|jrGb| uf}td, zª\s/ sf]O/fnf, km0fLGb|/fh v]tfnf, Zofdbf; j}i0fj, lji0f'lje' l3ld/], 8f= t'n;L e§/fO{, efuL/yL >]i7, jf;' zzL, /d]z ljsn, 6's/fh ld>, kfl/hft, s[i0feQm >]i7, OGb|axfb'/ /fO{, hut If]qL, s]bf/dfg Jolyt, o1lglw bfxfn, 8f= tf/fgfy zdf{, huGgfy zdf{ lqkf7L, uf]ljGbaxfb'/ dNn …uf]7fn]Ú, bf}ntljqmd lai6, dfwjk|;fb l3ld/], ljho dNn, ejfgL l3ld/], df]xg sf]O/fnf, j;Gts'df/ zDdf{ …g]kfnÚ, Zofdk|;fb zdf{, uf]kLs[i0f zdf{ / nLnaxfb'/ If]qL . oxfF cGtjf{tf{ lnOPsf] ;doqmd cg';f/ c7\7fO; ;|i6fsf gfdx¿ oyfqmd ;dfj]z ul/Psf 5g\ . o;df ;|i6f ;flxTosf/x¿sf] ;flxlTos JolQmTjaf/] hfgsf/L u/fpg] u/L cGtjf{tf{x¿ cfPsf 5g\ . logn] Psflt/ ;DalGwt ;flxTosf/nfO{ lrgfpF5g\ eg] csf{lt/ tTsfnLg ;flxlTos kl/j]z / k|j[lQaf/] klg hfgsf/L u/fpF5g\ . pQ/ lbg] qmddf k|foM w]/}h;f] ;flxTosf/n] ;flxTosf] :j¿k af/] cf–cfˆgf wf/0ff / lrGtg klg JoQm u/]sf 5g\ . oxfF pNn]v ePsf ofjt\ ;flxTosf/x¿ cf–cfˆgf If]qdf Voftgfdf JolQmTjx¿ 5g\ / ltgn] cGtjf{tf{sf qmddf b]vfpg vf]h]sf] d"n kIfnfO{ cGtjf{tf{sf/n] ;3g zLif{sLs/0f u/]/ k9\g] pT;'stfnfO{ hfu[t t'NofPsf 5g\ . s]xL zLif{sx¿ x'g\— n]gb]g Ps} rf]l6 x'g'k5{ -8f= w'|jrGb| uf}td_, d u'6aGbLdf gnfUg] PSnf] ;flxTosf/ x'F -zª\s/ sf]O/fnf_, ;flxTosf/n] rfs/L / rfKn';L ug'{x'Fb}g -km0fLGb|/fh v]tfnf_, k|ltef s;}sf] aGwgdf a:g ;Sb}g -jf;' zzL_, ;dfnf]rgf eg]sf] df}lns s[ltx¿sf] ljZn]if0f / d"Nofª\sg xf] -8f= tf/fgfy zdf{_, uBdf 5l/G5', kBdf el/G5' -dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]_, ;dfhnfO{ cu|ult lbg] ;flxTo g} k|ultzLn ;flxTo xf] -Zofdk|;fb_ cflb . o;/L ;a}h;f] cGtjf{tf{df d"n kIfnfO{ zLif{såf/f bzf{OPs} 5g\ . o; qmddf cGtjf{tf{df cfPsf sltko ljz]if ;"rgf / cleJolQmx¿ klg TolQs} dggLo 5g\ . Zofdbf; j}i0fjsf] dxfslj b]jsf]6f;Fusf] ;xsfo{, /d]z ljsnsf] cfVofg l;l4 / k|ultjflbtf, kfl/hftsf] gf/LjfbL lrGtg / cl:tTjjfbL bz{g, OGb|axfb'/ /fO{sf] cfofd]nL cfGbf]ng / nLnfn]vg ;DaGwL wf/0ff, o1lglw bfxfnsf] /]l8of] g]kfnaf6 …;flxTo ;+;f/Ú sfo{qmd k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 71


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rnfpFbf ef]Ug'k/]sf] nf~5gf / vKsL, 8f= tf/fgfy zdf{sf] ;Tosf] cGj]if0f g} ;dfnf]rgfn] u5{ eGg] b[li6, uf]ljGb uf]7fn]sf] dgf]j}1flgs syfn] kf7ssf] d'6' 5'G5 eGg] wf/0ff, dfwj l3ld/]sf] sljtf aGg sljtf tTj x'g'k5{ eGg] dfGotf, ljho dNnn] dgf]ljZn]if0ffTds cfVofgn]vg / gf6\o/rgfdf k|fKt u/]sf] prfO, ejfgL l3ld/]sf] ;flxlTos kqsfl/tfdf nfUg]x¿n] n]vs;Fu gªdf;'sf] ;DaGw /fVg'k5{ eGg] dfGotf, df]xg sf]O/fnfsf] k|of]ujfbL sljtf n]vgaf6 /fi6«nfO{ s]xL lbg rfx]sf] lrGtg, j;Gts'df/ zDdf{ …g]kfnÚsf] /rgf elgg] rLh t ;j{yf :jtGq cleJo~hgfsf] k|tLs xf] eGg] dfGotf / nLnaxfb'/ If]qLsf] …g]kfndf a:g] g]kfnL / k|jf;df a:g] g]kfnLnfO{ sfnfGt/;Dd ghLs agfpg] dfWod efiff g} xf]Ú eGg] cleJolQm cflb wf/0ff, dfGotf ;Gb]z, cleJolQm / ;"rgfx¿ o; cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|xsf cd"No /Tgx¿ x'g\ . log}n] ;ª\u|xsf] ul/dfnfO{ prfOdf k'¥ofPsf 5g\ . s[lt :jo+ klg ;':jfb' u'bL ePsf] uxlsnf] cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x aGg k'u]sf] 5 . lgisif{df ;flxTosf/ /fdk|;fb kGt ;+:yfut dfWodaf6 / JolQmut txaf6 klg cu|h ;flxTosf/x¿sf] vf]hLgLlt ug{], ltgLx¿sf] ;Ddfg ug{] / ;flxlTos kl/ro k|sflzt ul/lbg] h:tf ultljlwdf klg TolQs} ;+nUg cys ;flxTo;]jL x'g\ . h:tf] ls cGt/f{li6«o j[4 jif{sf pknIodf ;Q/L jif{ pd]/ k'u]sf e]6];Ddsf g]kfnL ;flxTosf/x¿nfO{ @)%^ ;fndf bfloTj jfª\do k|lti7fgsf tkm{af6 ljz]if ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] / To;} jif{ tL ;flxTosf/x¿nfO{ ;d]6]/ ;ª\lIfKt ;flxlTos kl/ro;lxtsf] cGt/f{li6«o j[4 jif{ bfloTj ljz]iffª\s @)%^ klg k|sflzt ul/Psf] lyof] . o;} u/L JolQmut txaf6 ;d]t sltko cu|h g]kfnL ;flxlTos JolQmTjx¿sf] ;+:d/0fs]Gb|L ;flxlTos hLjgL tof/ kf/]/ ;flxTosf/ kGtsf] …pTs[i6 ;QfO; JolQmTjÚ zLif{s ;+:d/0f;ª\u|x @)^% ;fndf k|sflzt ePsf] b]lvG5 . o;/L ;flxTosf/x¿sf] ;Ddfg / kl/ro k|sfzgdf Nofpg] z[ª\vnfdf g]kfnL ;flxTosf clj>fGt ofqL /fdk|;fb kGtsf] of] …dt cledtÚ @)&% zLif{s uxlsnf] cGtjf{tf{;ª\u|x k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . clj/n ;flxTo ofqf sfod} /xf];\, xflb{s z'esfdgf . cfiff9 !, @)&&

(*$!^)###$ à 1fg]Zj/, sf7df8f}F 72 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


…cgfdkl/lwÚdf /Ltf tfd|fsf/sf] u+eL/ syfwld{tf /d]z uf]vf{nL

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cfw'lgs g]kfnL syfljwfdf ;dof]Q/sf ljljw afGsL b]vf k/]sf 5g\ . nf]stf+lqs u0ft+qsf] sfnv08n] y'k}| cljZj;gLo /fhg}lts ;Gbe{nfO{ ;"qkft u/] klg g]kfnL hghLjgsf sltko ;fdflhs oyfy{ oyfjt 5g\ . ;+If]kdf lgofNbf ;dfhfly{s oyfy{ / ltgsf] cld6 /]vfÍgdf Toltljlw kl/jt{g cfPsf] b]lvb}+g . g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg – :f+jt\ @)&@ sf] 3f]if0ff kZrft\ ;d:t gful/sn] /fhgLlt;Ddt j}rfl/s cfwf/lznf k|fKt u/]sf x'g\ . j:t'tM g]kfnL /fli6«o hLjgsf] sltko juL{o kl/b[Zodf Tolt w]/} / y'k|} kl/jTf{g cfPsf] h:tf] nfUb}g . sf]zL k|b]zsL ;h{s /Ltf tfDf|fsf/ nfdf] ;dob]lv ;[hg/t g]kfnL cfVofg ljwfsL kl/lrt gfpF x'g\ . k|yd ;Fufnf] t'iff/fkft -;+jt\ @)^!_ n] logsf] k|f/+les kl/ro ag]sf] b]lvG5 . sltko ljlzi6 syfn] lognfO{ af}l4s If]qdf lrGffPsf] kfOG5 . uTofTdstf aLr …cgfdkl/lw -;+jt\ @)&^_ n] logsf] ;[hg pRrtfnfO{ a9fPsf] oyfy{ xf] . dfG5]sf] e"ldsfTds rl/qf+sgdf logn] ultnf] k|;+u k|bfg u/]sf] l:ylt 5 . g]kfnL ef}uf]lns hLjg aLr dw]z lgjf;Lsf] hghLjgnfO{ u|fdL0f / zxl/of b'a} ¿kdf logn] k|efjzfnL 9+un] lrq0f u/]sf] e]l6G5 . cfly{s ;Gbe{, dgf]j}1flgs u'TyL, gf/L dgf]e"ld, k|f}9fg'e"lt, ck|Toflzt 36gfs|d, j}olSts PsfnfKf, dfgjLo hLjgsf u'Kt ;+j]u tyf dgf]u|lGysf] ;f}Gbo{nfO{ syfsf/n] /fd|/L k|:t't ug{ ;s]sL 5g\ . dxlif{ sf}lzssf] g]kfnL e"uf]nsf] k|b]znfO{ Pstfsf ;j{>L b]js'df/L yfkf, e'jg 9+'ufgf / OlGb/f k|;fO{ k|e[ltn] cfVofgwld{tfsf] b[li6n] r'NofPsf] ljut e]l6G5 . cfw'lgs g]kfnL cfVofgwld{tfsf k|j[lQ ;+of]hs -6«]08 ;]6/_ lzv/ JolStTj -Pk]S; lkmu/_ ljZj]Zj/ Kf|=sf]O/fnfn] …Zj]t e}/jL -;+jt\ @)#(_Ú syfs[lt ;+a4 kl/j]zdf n]v]sf x'g\ . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 73


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sf]zL k|b]zn] g]kfn /fHosf] bf];|f] af}l4s /fHfwfgLsf] ;Ddfg k|fKt u/]sf] dflGfG5 . o;} k|b]zsf] ;'g;/L lhNnfaf6 b[li6ut /Ltf tfd|fsf/sf] pbonfO{ cg]sf+uL b[li6n] lg¿k0f ug'{kg]{ l:ylt 5 . dfgjLo dgf]lj1fgnfO{ ;du| kl/WfLo b[li6n] …cgfd kl/lwÚdf gjLg cleJolSt z}nLåf/f h;/L kl/rof+sg ul/Psf] 5 To;sf] k|:t'tLs/0f nf]enfUbf] 5 . cfFvfn] /fli6«o kl/j]zsf ljleGg ynf]sf ljljw b[Zo / kl/b[ZonfO{ lkP/ d"n syfb[li6 Pj+ cGt/j:t' tof/ ePsf] rrf{ syf ;|i6fn] u/]sL 5g\ . ;+If]ktM ;LdfGts[t cfly{s ;Gbe{ / To;af6 pTkGg dGff]bzfnfO{ cfVofgLs/0f ug{ syfsf/ ;kmn 5g\ . o'uLg ;+hfnnfO{ b]z, ljb]z / kl/j]z a'e]m/ df}lns d"No Pj+ dfGotfdf kl:sg] sfo{ syfs[lt …cgfd kl/lwÚ df ePsf] b]lvG5 . dlSsPsf sltko zf:qLo k/Dk/f / lje]bsf sltko kvf{nnfO{ eTsfpFb} gjpGd]if0fdf k|j[Q x'g' sl7g sfo{ xf], t/ syfsf/ o;} lbzflt/ Psfu|n] bQlrQ l5g\ . dfG5]sf] b]x;Qf ef}lts xf] eg] dgf]b}lxs ;Qfn] cGt/ue{:y efje"ldnfO{ ;"lrt ub{5 . dgf]ljZn]if0f ub}{ hfbfF y'k|} b}lxs oyfy{ / cf/f]xfj/f]xl;t syfx¿df ;fIffTsf/ x'g] ub{5 . d"nTfof ;d'2]Zo /xG5 – ;d[4 gjs]Gb|, gjr]i6f / st{Jor]t efjfg'e"ltsf] . dfG5]sf] cfj]u ;+j]usf] ljljwtfnfO{ ;fIfft\ b]jflwb]j kz'kltgfy / ab|Lgfyn] 7Dofpg g;Sbf x'g\ . j:t'jfbsf] ef]ulnK;f / pTsif{df dfG5] lg/LZj/jfbL aGbf klZrdf ;f+:s[lts ;fd|fHojfbsf] pTkL8gn] uf}tde"ldsf] dfgjLo zlSt / g}ltstf emg\ b'a{n xF'b} uPsf] l:ylt 5 . k"jL{o lxGb" / af}4 ;+:s[ltdf cGt/lglxt pRr dfgjLo d"Nowld{tfnfO{ k|To]sn] 7DofpFb} hfGf' cTofjZos 5 . ;d;fdlostfjfbL ;d:of / r'gf}tL -sG6]Dk//L k|f]An]D; of08 Rofn]Gh];_ nfO{ 7DofPsLn] syfsf/n] dfgjf]lrt d"No;Qfsf] pKf:yfkgdf pmhf{ yk]sf] k/LIf]o 5 . cfw'lgs g]kfnL syfljwfdf :yflkt lq–w|'jLo ;Gbe{ / w|'jjfbL pRrtf -w||'jrGb| uf}td, w'j ;fksf]6f Pj+ k|f=w'j dlwsdL{_sf] pHHjntf ljrf/f]Q]hs 5 . ;d'HHjn syf ljWffdf pmhf{ yKg 74 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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;Sg' Psk|sf/n] ;h{ssf] k|z+;gLo cfofd xf] . syf;f/sf] ljrf/0fLo u'0fjQf …cgfd kl/lwÚsf] PSsfO;j6f /rgfdf o;¿kdf lj:tfl/t 5 – …b'vs ] f] efUoÚdf ;f]loaf / pgsf] nf]Ug]sf] hLjgsyfnfO{ ;dfVoftf -Gof/]6/_n] lrqfTds 9+udf j0f{g u/]sf] b]lvG5 . d]l;gsf] rk]6fdf k/L bflxg] xftsf] s'lxgf];Dd s6]sf] ;f]loafsf] b'nxf c;/kmsf] JolSt;Qfsf] c>'lj4 dfld{stf k|blz{t 5 o; /rgfdf . …d]nfÚsyfdf u/La d';x/ kl/jf/sf] l;?jf d]nfsf] t]xf| } lbgkg]{ kj{sf] cj;/sf] lrq0f 5 . bDktLsf b'Oh { gf 5f]/f / of}6L a'xf/L 5g\ . 3/d"nLsf lkt[ eO;s]sf] pd]/sf j[4 lktf hLljt 5g\ . d]nf / kj{sf] cj;/df lgDg cfosf kl/jf/nfO{ rf8af8 dfGg b'¿x x'g] j:t'oyfy{ 5 o;df . a'xf/Lsf] k]jf /x]sf] efn]nfO{ 3/d"nLn] ef]hsf] kl/sf/ agfpFbf x'g] efjL sf]sf]xf]nf]sf] cfefl;ttf klg syfdf kfOG5 . …Jolyt ;':s]/fÚdf ;+kGg dlxnf / b'O{ 5f]/fsf] :jfy{k0" f{ ;]jfsf] ljj/0f 5 . j[4 dftflktfsf] >L;Dklt / lhpgLk|lt g]kfnL ;dfhsf] n'Awtfsf] k|efjf]Tkfbs afGsL o; syfdf 5 . … Tof] >fk xf]OgÚ syfdf O{dfgbf/ nf]Ug] / dxTjfsf+IfL >LdtL aLr k|foM u/L eO /xg] emu8fsf] ljDa jl0f{t 5 . ;d;fdlos b'lZrGtf -6]G;g_ n] of}6f u[x:yLsf] ;'vzflGt s;/L elTsG5 eGg] s'/fsf] kl/b[Zo /rgfdf s'zntfn] cleJo+lht 5 . ;/sf/L sfof{nodf 7"nf sd{rf/Ln] ;fgfdfly lbg] bafjk"0f{ Jojxf/sf] k|:t'tLs/0f 5 o; syfdf . …gnufPsf] l6sf]Ú df ;Togf/fo0f eujfgsf] k"hfsf] nflu ;/;fdfg lsGg hfFbf ;Zf:q åGbsf] ;dodf lj:kmf]6gdf k/L hLjg u'dfP klGf c?åf/f cfTd3ftL 7xl/g] j[4f cfdfsf] 3/fo;L lrq0f 5 . lgbf{i] f dxtf/LnfO{ bf]ifL 7x/fObfF k|To'TkGg ljifosf] l:yltnfO{ syfsf/n] s'zntfk"js { p7fPsL 5g\ . …:jLsf/f]lStÚdf ;/n >dhLjL u|fdL0f dlxnf u+ufnfO{ si6;fWo v]tLls;fgL / 3/;+ef/sf] >d afkt ;d]t h:f glbO{ afOkmfn]sf] cf/f]k nufpg] cN5L b'nxf sLlt{, d'vfn] ;;'/f / lbzfxLg b]j/sf] j:t'l:ylt Pj+ kZrfQfknfO{ ;fdflhs hLjgz}nLdf k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . …l:gUw dgÚdf sf7df8f}+ h:tf] dx+uLn] csflzPsf] 7fFpdf kfx'gfkftf] nfUg] ufpFn] efOAfGw'nfO{ sltkon] b'Joj{xf/ u5{g,\ tL aLr sf]dnf+uL 7flgg] gf/Lsf] :yfg cufl8 5 . /TgfnfO{ 5f]/L la/fdL kbf{ ltg} b'jf{Ro af]lnPsf b]j/ ;/f]h / pgsL b'nxLn] dfgjLo ;xof]u u5{g\ . To;sf] Åbof]Qh ] s lrq0f o; syfdf 5 . ljgf]b lz/f]dl0f Pj+ xf:ob]j jf;'bj] n'O6{ n ] n] PskN6 hLjgsfndf eGg'ePsf] :d/0f x'G5 – …/fhwfgL aflx/sf gft]bf/n] sf7df8f}d+ f dxLgf}+ kfx'gf]kftf] nfUbf 3/a]6LnfO{ ;Df:of x'g] oyfy{nfO{ a'‰g'k5{ .Ú k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 75


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/Ltfn] ;dfhsf] kl/l:ylthGo ;d:of / pTkL8gnfO{ u+eL/tfn] ptf/]sL 5g\ oL syfdf . sltko 7fpFdf hLjgk|jfx ;/;eGbf gL/; lsl;dn] lj:tfl/t x'g' b'vb dfGg'k5{ . Ps5fs 6Gg vfg g;Sg] kl/jf/ / ltgsf] lgDgjuL{o ljifd kl/l:yltn] nf]stf+lqs u0ft+qdf ;jf{ËL0f cfly{s ;Gt'ng k|fKt gePsf] tYo v'Nb5 . ;'wLhgn] cfVofgLs/0fdf Ps¿ktf eGbf hLjgsf ljljwf+uL :j¿knfO{ v'nfOPsf] kfpg] u5{g\ . j}olSts :jfy{ / cfsl:dstfn] u|:t kfqx¿n] g]kfnL ;dfhdf ljBdfg juL{o kl/b[Zosf] ljifdtfaf]wnfO{ v'nfpg] ub{5 . sd{rf/L hLjgdf xflsdsf] b'jf{Ron] dgl:yltdf k'u]sf] cfGtl/s cf3ftnfO{ syfsf/ Jolyt z}nLdf ptfg{ ;kmn 5g\ . ;d[4 / ;LdfGts[t ju{ aLr ljifdLs/0f eP klg ;]t' ;+aGw aGg ;Sb5 eGg] ;+r]tgfsf] cGt/ljsf;nfO{ logn] nf]enfUbf] lsl;dn] 5n{U+ofpg ;s]sf] l:ylt 5 . ;+jt\ @)^% b]lv @)&^ jl/kl/sf] ;do/]vfdf cGt/afx\o sltko sf/0fn] /fli6«o ;d[l4n] ljZj;+gLo b|'tult lng g;s]sf] b]lvG5 . t;y{ pTkLl8tju{nfO{ gj;+ljwfgdf kmut d'v ld7\ofpg' afx]s cGo cfzf;"rs lbzfaf]w x'g g;s]sf] kl/l:ylt oyfy{ xf] . k"FhLjfbL cy{t+qsf cfˆgf b'a{ntf eP klg ljZjJoj:yfnfO{ o;n] w]/yf]/ yfd]sf] kl/b[Zo oyfy{ xf] . ;dtfjfbL ;dfhsf] gf/fdf hlt;'s} s'ln{P klg juL{o lje]bnfO{ Zf"Godf emfg{ g;Sg] oyfy{ ljZn]ifsx¿n] k|s6 u/]sf] e]l6G5 . To;}n] ;fdflhs Gofo -;f]zn hl:6;_ sf] Joj:yfkgsf nflu /fHo ;Qf nufot ;fdflhs ;+/rgf / ltgsf PsfOsf] bfloTj 7"nf] /x]sf] b]lvG5 o:tf] kl/l:yltdf . o;}ks | f/ …afFRgsf nflu ;Demf}tfÚ df cfly{s l:ylt bx|f] t'Nofpg tLgjif{sf] nflu ljb]lzPsf gfosn] cfˆgL u[lx0fL k|d] f kf]On uPsL e]65 \ g\ sfns|ddf g]kfn kmls{bfF . nDkm" dfG5]sf] nf]nf]kf]tf]df cndlnP/ s]6fs]6L / k|ydu[x:yL r6Ss TofUg] s'n6f k"j> { LdtLnfO{ gfosn] k'gM ;DemfO a'emfO sfns|ddf 3/ kmsf{p5 F g\ . o; afkt\ ;dfhsf 7"nf7fn'n] ;Ddfg / k|fT] ;fxg ug'k{ g{] 7fpFdf cfkmGtn] emg\ b'Tsfbf{ b'MvL dfG5]sf] dgf]Joyfsf] ;hLj k|:t'tLs/0f 5 o; syfdf . kf]On uPsL b'nxL k'gM u[x:yLdf kmsf{pg' s] ck/fw xf] eGg] k|Zg o; /rgfsf] u'TyL xf] . ;f+:s[lts hLjgdf g/ / gf/Lsf] bfDkTosf] b'ljwf;"rs k|ltk|Zg o; syfdf cGt/ue{:y 5 . …t[i0ffÚdf tLghgf k'q / b'Oj{ 6L k'qL -h]7L ljjflxtf_ ePklg 5f]/f5f]/L k};f sdfpg ljb]z nfu]kl5 Gofl;|Psf t]hdfg tyf ;fljqLsf] PlSnPsf] cGof]nu|:t bfDkTosf] k|:t'lt 5 . ;GtltxLg 3/ u[x:yL kft / k'ik gePsf] l7Ë 7l8Psf] 76 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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j[If h:tf] x'g] ljDanfO{ o; /rgfdf dfld{s lsl;dn] emNsfOPsf] kfOG5 . o;nfO{ ;Fufnf]sf] ;dfhfly{s :t/sf] ljlzi6 syf eGg ;lsG5 . …lhGbuL clg lhGbuLÚdf ;dfVoftf gf/Ln] b[li6ut lul/hfk|;fb / x]dfsf] lj8Dagfo'St hLjgsf] ljrf/0fLo ljDa e]l6G5 . lul/hf k|;fbsf] z]ifkZrft\ x]df dflngL -Jo+Uoaf]ws pkgfd_nfO{ 5f]/f] ljZjbLk / a'xf/Ln] lbg] dfgl;s o+q0ffsf] lrq0f 5 o; syfdf . dfG5]n] juL{o / kl/eflift hLjg afFRg / of}6f k]6 6fNg s] s:tf] r'gf}tL ;xg'k5{ To;sf] j0f{g 5 o;df . …:jfy{leqsf] dfofÚdf of}6L ;d[4 j[4fsf] >L;+klt / gjlglDf{t 3/ s'DNofpg] nf]en] ;fVv} 5f]/f]em}+ cleGfo ug]{ o'jssf] e08fkmf]/ -j[4fsL 5f]/Låf/f of]hgf kmon_ ePsf] plåUg kl/l:yltsf] j:t'af]w 5 o; lrGtgzLn syfdf . …;xf/fÚdf xh'/d'df -a'jfsL cfdf_sf] jfWf{So / ;]jf;'>i" ffnfO{ dg gk/fpg] o'jtLsf] rrf{ 5 . of] of}6f k"0f{tM dgf]j1 } flgs syf xf] . of}glkkf;' /x]sf] k|lts"n kl/l:yltsf] ldgL a:fdf of}6L cGo k|f9 } gf/Lsf] cfudgn] ;+a4 o'jtL -gflosf_ sf] tTsfnLg ;+s6 6g{ k'us ] f] kfOG5 . Ho]i7 gful/s /x]sf j[4 j[4fnfO{ cjx]ngf ug{ gx'g] ;Gb]z o; /rgfaf6 k|fKt x'G5 . …d pm aGg ;lStgFÚdf >LdtLsf] cfh{g / sdfO{df cfl>t k/fjnDaL nf]Ug]sf] ljDaLs/0f 5 . cfˆgL u[lx0fLn] u[x:yL ;+rfngsf] nflu ;+3if{ u/]sf] b]Vtfb]Vt} dgf]bl} xs ¿kdf nfrf/ csd{0o b'nxfsf] 5ljn] bzf{Psf] dfld{s kl/l:ylt 5 o;df . …k|ltk|xf/Údf dlxnf >dhLjL eujtL, pgn] k|d] u/]sf b'nxf ;'dg / eujtLsf] hLjg ;+3if{ o; syfdf lrlqt 5 . k|d] ljjfx aLr u[x:yL ;+rfng ubf{ eujtLn] cTolws b'Mv kfPsL 5g\ . ;'kl/lrtn] s]xL jif{sf] cGt/fndf e]6 xFb' f ;+3if{/t s]xL dlxnfl;t ldn]/ eujtLn] …6]nl/ª ;kÚ vf]ns ] f] b]Vtf v'zL dfg]sf] b]lvG5 . ztfAbL eGbf nfdf] Pst+qLo /f0ffzfxLnfO{ kmfn]/ hgk|ltlglwsf] dfWodn] /fhg}lts Joj:yf ;+rfng ePsf] ;fTfbzs jl/kl/sf] ;do lalt;s]sf] xfdL kfpg] u5f}{ . tLg bzssf] ;dofjlw k+rfot k|hft+qn] xfFs] klg rf/bzssf] cfofddf 3'd]sf] /fhgLlt lsg sxL+ st} ;j{tf]d'vL x'g kfPg Tof] ;Gbe{ JofVo]o 5 . g]kfn /fHosf k|yd l;4fGtj]Qf e"–/fhgLltljb\ ljåtj/\ dbgdl0f bLlIft -;+jt\ !(&( kmfu'g – @)&^ ;fpg_ x'g\ . logsf] ljrf/df …e"–/fhgLlt -lhof]–kf]lnl6S;_nfO{ bf]if lbP/ g]kfnsf lhDd]jf/ /fhgLlt1n] plDsg ldNb}g .Ú zlSt /fi6«n] g]kfnk|lt ;b}j lj8Dagfo'St rgfvf] b[li6 lbPsf] l:ylt 5 . ljz]iftof g]kfnL nf]stf+lqs u0ft+qdf b"/blz{tf, ;dGjosf] sdL / s"6gLltsf] ljnDan] ;jf{ËL0f ljsf; cNfdlnPsf] b]lvg' u+eL/ dfGg' k5{ . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 77


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o;}u/L …cld6 gf;f]Údf cgd]n ljjfxdf k/L ;s;df /x]sL kf?nfO{ >Ldfg\n] xKsLbKsL ubf{ pTkGg kl/l:yltsf] JofVof e]l6G5 syfj:t'df . j+zj[l4sf] cf;df h]7L ;f}tf eP klg k'?ifn] bf];|f] lax] ubf{ ;+a4 3/df gj b'nxLsf] dgf]bzf s:tf] x'G5 To;sf] j:t'l:ylt syfof]hgfdf d'vl/t 5 . …cfh ctLt Ao"Flem/x]5Údf cN5L / csd{7 b'nxfsf] kmGbfdf k/]sL of}6L gf/Lsf] rLTsf/ e]l6G5 . h:fnfO{ dfOtLsf efOa'xf/Ln] cTolws kL8f / tfk lbPsf] l:ylt 5n+{luPsf] 5 . …kl/b[Zox¿Údf huthggL dgf]sfdgfdfO{sf] bz{gfy{ sf7df8f}+af6 lx8]+sf >[+vnf / pgsf] 5f]/f]n] gf}la;]b]lv d'ulnªsf] af6f]df g/dfOnf] dfg]sf] ljleGg kl/b[Zosf] lrq0f 5 ljsf; lj8Dagfsf] k|:t'tLs/0f ePsf] o; syfdf . …pmhf{Údf gjljjflxtf gL/hfsf] kL8f pTsL0f{ 5 . lax] kZrft\ b'Nfxfsf] u[x kl/;/ hfFb} ubf{ hGtL af]s]sf] a; b'3{6gfu|:t x'Fbf aL;hgf eGbf a9L al/oftLsf] d[To' x'G5 h;df pgsf b'nxf, ;;'/f / b]j/ klg 5g\ . ;f;"n] k6s k6s cnlR5gf egL ;+af]wg k'g/fj[lQ ubf{ gL/hfsf] Aoyf cTolws alNemG5 . j:t'tM cfdfsf] dfof / pTk|]/0ffn] pgn] cfkm"df cGt/zlSt a6'n]sL 5g\ . of] lg/Lx gf/LnfO{ lgofNg] ;fdflhs P]gf ;d¿kLo syf xf] . …Kf|ltalGwt v'zLÚdf hF8\ofxf / csd{0o nf]Ug]]n] ubf{ b'Mvsf] ef;df k/]sL of}6Lsf] Joyf kfOG5 . tLg tLghgf s]6fs]6LsL cfdfsf] hLjgdf v'zL s;/L k|ltalGwt 5 / pgsf] u[x:yL nyflnË 5 To;sf] ljljw ljDa /Rfgfdf k|ltljlDat 5 . ;xof]uL alxgL / cl:dtfsf] ;+jfbn] syfj:t' a'‰g ;lhnf] x'g] ub{5 . …ljk/Lt w|'jÚdf kf]On uPsL ;f}tfnfO{ k'g:yf{lkt ug]{ bLkfsf] r]i6fsf] j:t'l:ylt 5 . hlt;'s} k|of; u/] klg ;f}tfn] cfˆgf s]6fs]6Ll;t u[x:yL k'gM yfDg g;s]sf] kl/l:ylt 5 o;df . …5Nsg ;s]g pd+uÚdf s+rg / kjgsf] b'ljwf;"rs kl/l:ylt e]l6G5 . k|]dljjfx kZrft\ s+rg / kjg Ps x'G5g\ . o; cGt/lj/f]wL ljjfxdf cleefjssf] c:jLs[lt 5 . dftflktfsf] v'zLsf] nflu kjgn] bf];|f]k6s b'nxfsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u5{g\ . lj8Dagfn] ubf{ gjljjflxtf cfˆgf] >Ldfg\sf] hl6n kl/l:ylt a'e]m/ pgnfO{ TofuL s]xL ;dokZrft\ sxL+ st} nfU5] . j:t'tM s+rgnfO{ cGo gf/Lsf] b'ljwf / ;s;k"0f{ j:t'af]wn] b'Mlvt t'NofPsf] e]l6G5 . dgf]lj1fg / o;sf] ;"Id ljZn]if0fnfO{ s]xL cAan k"j{jtL{n] h'g k|of]ur]t b[li6n] ckgfP To; dfgs / pRrkylt/ nlDsg' Pj+ a9\g vf]Hg] ;h{ssf] k|of; ;/fxgLo 5 . cfw'lgs g]kfnL syf ;flxTosf] pTs[i6tfsf] k|jt{gsf lglDt /Ltf tfd|fsf/sf] r]i6f u'0ff}lrTok"0f{ 5 . 78 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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…cgfd kl/lwÚsf s]xL Åbo:kzL{ syf+z oL x'g\ – …k|]dfnfO{ cfkm";+u kmsf{pFbf pm ;dfhdf g c6fpg ;S5, ;fdflhs 3[0ffsf] kfq aGg ;S5 . s'g} klg :jfledfgL JolStn] y'Sg]5 . ;fÅ} c;d+h;df k¥of],Ú afFRgsf nflu ;Demf}tf, k[ – %* . …v} Û cg'xf/ x]/L x]/L klg s'/f ug{ ldN5 eg]sf] t ;'g]sL xf] ;fljqLn] . t/ ghfGg' h:tf] ;fx|f] s]xL ePg pGfnfO{,Ú k[ – ^@ . …;a} p8] r/fh:t} u/]/ . 5f]/f5f]/Ldfly ;hfPsf] ;kgf ;a} 6'ls|of] . k};f 7"nf] eof] xfd|f ;GtfgnfO{ . afa'cfdfsf] dfof ;fgf],Ú t[i0ff, k[ – ^% . …hLjg ;'Gb/ x'Fbfx'Fb} klg si6s/ / eofjx klg 5 . kl/l:yltx¿ Dffem lhpg] ;fx; / p2]ZonfO{ ;DffNbf–;DffNb} klg lhpg clt ufx|f], k|ltk|xf/, k[ – !)% .Ú …slt lgi7'/ ;do . slt s|"/ ;do . a9L ;+j]bgfxLg ;do . o;nfO{ l/Qf] agfof] . Zf"Go agfof] . Pp6f cfFwLn] . Pp6f e]nn] ufpF g} d"l5{t agfof], pmhf{, k[ – !#& .Ú …;f]r]+, s;}sf] hLjgdf slxn] gpbfpFbf] /x]5 efUosf] 3fd . hLjg¿kL v]tLdf slxn] gkm'Nbf] /x]5 afnf ag]/ efUo . Ps d'7L ;f; wfGg p;n] kL8f, Joyf, ef]s, u/LaL, nfrf/L, ljjztf s] s] ;+u o'4 ug'{ k/]sf], k|ltalGwt v'zL, k[i7 – !$& .Ú d]nf -d';x/ kl/jf/sf] kj{ r'gf}tL_, Jolyt ;':s]/f -j[4f cfdfk|lt b'O{hgf 5f]/fsf] :jfy{k"0f{ ;]jf_, gnufPsf] l6sf] -zxLb dftfk|ltsf] bf]iff/f]k0f_, :jLsf/f]lSt -b'Jo{jxf/ ul/Psf u|fdL0f gft]bf/ b]j/bDktLsf] cgk]lIft pksf/_, afFRgsf nflu ;Demf}tf -kf]On uPsL k"j{ kTgLl;t k'gM 3/hdsf] pbf/tf_, t[i0ff -ljb]lzPsf 5f]/f5f]/Lk|ltsf] c;Ld dfof_, ;xf/f -Ho]i7 gful/ssf] ;Ddfg_ / k|ltk|xf/ -;+3if{zLn o'jtL eujtLsf] ;fx;k"0f{ lhhLljiff_ k|e[ltn] /LtLo syfwld{tfsf] :t/nfO{ k|blz{t ub{5 . uLtf -sfsL{_, ;Ltf -kf08]_, clgtf -t'nfw/_, sljtf -kf}8n ] _, ;ljtf -a]xf];L >]i7_, hoGtf -kf]v/]n ] _, ;'l:dtf -g]kfn_, lj1tf -sfsL{_, zfGtf ->]i7_, s'Gtf -rf}nfufO+_{ , /Ltf -vqL cf]nL_, ;+Wof -kxf8L_, /fwf -sfsL{_ / k'ikntf -cfrfo{_ k|el[ t gf/L ;Hf{ssf] w]/yf]/ lghfTds lsQf eP em}+ k|ltefzfnL ;|i6f /Ltf tfd|fsf/sf] g]kfnL cfVofg ;flxTodf df}lns k|efjflGjlt b]lvG5 . ;fdflhs oyfy{, dgf]oyfy{, k|ultr]t oyfy{ / b"|t oyfy{ -kmf:6 k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 79


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l/olnHd_nfO{ gjr]tgfjfbL jf k|of]ujfbL wf/f ;+u]6]/ ljrlnt tyf juL{o kfqljwfgnfO{ PS;/] ug{ syfsf/ ;dy{ 5g\ . bf];|f] …b[Zo kl/b[Zo -;+jt\ @)&#_, t];|f]Ú ;++j]u -;+jt\ @)&$_ Pj+ rf}yf] ;Fufnf] …cgfd kl/lw -;+jt\ @)&^_Ún] logsf] syfk/s ceLi6 / >d ;f}Gbo{sf] dxQfnfO{ ;"lrt ub{5 . ;du|tM k|To]sn] /fli6«o tyf cGt//fli6«o bfloTjnfO{ lrGbf / bfloTjaf]w cleu|x0f ubf{ ;d:ofu|:t dfgjLo hLjg ;'vb x'g] ;Gb]z logn] lbPsL 5g\ . hfu¿s cfVofgj]Qf /Ltf tfd|fsf/ -;+jt\ @)@@_sf] cfw'lgs g]kfnL syf ;flxTosf] hLjgaf]w, s|flGtsfl/tf, e"d08nLs[t ;fOa/ cle1fg, juL{o ;"rgf, gf/LTj / sd{r]tgf cTolws k|z+;gLo 5 . c:t' . )!–%@)@*^^ à jL/u+h, xfnM dxfnIdLgu/, nlntk'/–!,

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c:6«]lnofdf g]kfnL / Ol08og :jflbi6 kl/sf/x¿sf :jfb lng xfdLnfO{ ;lDemg'xf];\ Û

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MIRCHI w .k

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INDIAN + NEPALESE KITCHEN

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Greenwood Plaza 36 Blue Street, North Sydney NSW 2216 Greenwood Plaza Shop No FC13 Australia Phone : +61401200190 email:mirchinsydney@gmail.com

80 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


…nf]afs skmLÚ ax':jfbsf] lgofqf s[lt bfdf]b/ k'8f;}gL …lszf]/Ú

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kf]if rfkfufO{sf lgofqfx¿nfO{ k/ ;f/]/ g]kfnL lgofqf ;flxTosf] cfsng ug'{ cw"/} /xG5 . g]kfnL lgofqf ;flxTodf km/s z}nL ckgfP/ lgofqf n]Vg] >]o kf]if/d0f rfkfufO{nfO{ hfG5 . :jb]z / ljb]zsf gofF gofF 7fpFdf e|d0f ug{ x'?Ss} x'g] pgsf] :jefj / e|d0f u/]sf 7fpFx¿nfO{ zAblrqdf ptfg]{ s'zn lzNksf sf/0f klg pgsf lgofqfx¿ kf7ssf nflu ?lrs/ ag]sf x'g\ . lgofqf dfq xf]Og c¿ h'g;'s} ljwfdf klg ofqfsf] ;Gbe{n] kf7snfO{ a9L cfslif{t u/]sf] kfOG5 . dflg;sf] hLjg eg]s} ultzLntf ePsf]n] ult, t/Ë, axfa / ltgn] lgDTofPsf nx/x¿n] hLjg lgjf{xdf ljz]if e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf x'G5g\ . ult / nx/x¿sf] cfsng u/]/ /lrPsf] l;h{gf lgZrog} zlQmzfnL aGb5 . o; n]vdf— kf]if/d0f rfkfufO{sf] gjLg lgofqf ;ª\u|x— …nf]jfs skmLÚ sf] ;Gbe{df pgsf] lgofqf n]vgsf ljljw kIfsf] ;ª\lIfKt rrf{ ug]{ k|of; ul/Psf] 5 . nf]jfs skmL lgofqfsf/ kf]if rfkfufO{n] b'aO{, leotgfd, sDaf]l8of, yfONof08 / O08f]g]l;of h:tf kfFr PlzofnL d'n'ssf] e|d0fkl5 tof/ ul/Psf] lgofqf ;ª\u|x xf] . of] ;ª\u|x k9\g z'¿ u/]kl5 kf7sn] k"/} kl9gl;WofP;Dd 5f]8\g] dg ub}{g . o;sf] d'Vo sf/0f oL kfFr b]zsf] e|d0fsf] qmddf n]vsn] cg'e"t u/]sf cfZro{k"0f{ / 1fgjw{s 36gfx¿sf] ;hLj j0f{g / pko'Qm zAb, ;'nlnt efiff / cleJolQm z}nLg} k|d'v ¿kdf /x]sf] k|i6 x'G5 . kf]if rfkfufO{sf] cleJolQm z}nL cToGt k|v/ 5 . pgsf cleJolQmsf] ;a}eGbf ;'Gb/ kIf eg]sf] 5f]6f jfSox¿g} x'g\ . sltko kl/R5]bdf n]vsn] Ps zAb / Ps cIf/sf] klg jfSo u7g u/]sf kfOG5 . tL jfSox¿ z'is 5}gg\ ;/; 5g\, sfJofTds 5g\ . o;n] kf7snfO{ nf]EofpF5, kf7ssf] cGtx[{bonfO{ dL7f];Fu 5'G5 . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 81


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lgofqfsf/sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ;kmntf eg]sf] lgofqf syfnfO{ cfsif{s 9Ën] cfˆgf kf7snfO{ eGg ;Sg' xf] . kf]if klg ofqf ubf{ ToxfFsf] k|s[lt, e"uf]n, dfG5] / :yfgLotfnfO{ 6kSs l6Kb5g\ / hglha|f]s} njhdf lgofqf j0f{g ul/lbG5g\ . x'gklg ofqf gug]{ dfG5]n] Tof] :yfg / kl/l:yltsf] aofgg} s;/L u/f];\ . ofqf ug]{ Tof] klg lgofqfsf/g} k¥of] eg] p ofqfsyf eg]/ yfSb}g . kf]if rfkfufO{sf] n]vgLn] oxL s'/f k'li6 ub{5 . pgsf lgofqfx¿df 7fpFx¿sf] lg:tf] j0f{g dfq 5}g . tL 7fpFx¿sf] cjl:ylt, e"uf]n, snfsf}zn, dfG5]sf] pkl:ylt h:tf kIfnfO{ oyf]lrt ¿kdf k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . kl/R5]b / jfSo dfq xf]Og ;+jfb z}nL klg n3'¿ksf] 5 pgsf] . cfjZoseGbf a9L vr{ gug]{ kIfdf 5g\ pgL . ;+jfb eg]sf] ;"rgf lbg] xf], lglZrt ljifonfO{ ;+rf/ ug]{ xf] . To;df rflxbf grflxbf zAbx¿sf] hd36 u/fP/ lSni6 agfpg' klg a]sf/ xf] . kf]ifsf ;+jfblzNk x]bf{ nfU5, pgL cgfjZos zAb Pp6}klg k|of]u ub}{gg\ . pgn] k|of]u u/]sf ;+jfbsf s]xL pbfx/0f— …cfOk'Uof] <Ú …s] <Ú …xf]6n .Ú …P .Ú -k[= !#&_ …cfh ufpF 3'Dg hfg] <Ú …hfg] lg .Ú -k[= !&)_ kf]if rfkfufO{sf] n]vgLdf b]lvg] csf]{ dxŒjk"0f{ ljz]iftf eg]sf] k|s[ltnfO{ dfgjLs/0f ug]{ zlQm g} xf] . of] u'0f c¿ g]kfnL n]vseGbf lgs} g} 5 kf]if rfkfufO{df . pgL k|s[lt eg]kl5 x'?Ss x'G5g\ . k|s[ltsf] ljlrqtfdf c;fWo} /dfpF5g\, To;df sNkgfsf gjLg lrqx¿ a'G5g\ / dfgjLs/0f u/]/ l;h{gf ub{5g\ . pgsf lgofqfx¿ cWoog ubf{ kf7sx¿ klg n]vssf sNkgf;Fu} sNkgfsf afbndf km}ng ;kmn x'G5g\ . pgL slxn] afbn, vf]nf, ¿v, cfsfz, 3fd, h"g;Fu s'/fsfgL u5{g\, slxn] pgLx¿nfO{ dfgjhLjg;Fu aSg afWo agfpF5g\ . o:tf k|;ª\ux¿n] lgofqfx¿ lgs} /f]rs ag]sf 5g\ . dfG5] v'zL of b'MvL x'Fbf cfk"m dfq xf]Og k|s[lt k'/} Tof] ;+j]udf km}lnPsf] e|d af]S5 . o;n] dfgj hLjg cl3 a9fpg lgs} ;lhnf] klg kb{5 . kf]if k|s[ltsf] ;f}Gbo{tf;Fu nf]lePsf dfq 5}gg\ . k|s[ltsf jfSoxLg 9'Ëf, df6f], kfgL, ¿vkft, lxdfn, kxf8 ;a}nfO{ af]Ng afWo kf/]sf 82 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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5g\ . oL lgofqfx¿ k9\bf kf7s cfkm} ;+;f/sf ;a} j:t';Fu jftf{nfk ug{ ;dy{ aGb5g\ . cfjfh glgsfn]/ klg af]n]sf] efg x'g], geP/ klg ePh:tf] dx;"; u/fpg] kf]ifsf] lgofqf n]vgsf] 5'§} z}nLut kf6f] klg xf] . nf]jfs skmLdf ;d]l6Psf lgofqfx¿df k|s[ltnfO{ dfgjLs/0f u/]sf s]xL pbfx/0f lgDg adf]lhd k|:t't ug{ ;lsG5 M …cfsfzdf sfnf] kj{th:tf afbnsf tLgj6f 6'qmf tn dlt/ x]/]/ ?Fnf ?Fnf h:tf] ub}{5g\ . s] kL/ k¥of] lsg ?g vf]Hb}5g\ oL afbn < hfGg dg nfUof] dnfO{ . s'/f a'‰g d]/f] dg :jf§} p8]/ dfly afbn eP 7fpFdf k'Uof] . tL afbnn] dlt/ x]b}{ eg]— k/b]z lxF8\g] a]nfdf 7]nfdf kfgL /fv]gg\ eg]/ lsg kL/ dfG5f} < cfsfzdf a;]sf xfdL afbnx¿ ltdLnfO{ cleif]s / cfzLj{rg lbO/x]sf 5f} lg .Ú -k[= @@_ …xfdLn] vf]Hb} u/]sf] yfxf kfP/ afn'jf d';'Ss xfF:of] .Ú -k[= @*_ …afn'jfafx]s cgf}7f] x'g] /x]5 . 9'Ëf] b]lvG5 . 5fDof], Tof] afn'jfs} 8Nnf] x'G5 . sfnf 9'Ëf y'kf/]sf] 7fpFdf uof] . 9'Ëfdfly r9\g ldN5, t/ Tof] afn'jfsf] 8Nnf] . sfu s/fpFb}g . ¿kL ;';]Nb}g . d';f RofF–RofF ub}{gg\ . ;a} :j/ cfkm}+ lgsfn]/ s/fO/xG5 afn'jf .Ú -k[= #(_ …;]tf] afbnn] eGof]— …cfh d]/f] leotgfd o'4kL8faf6 d'Qm ePsf] 5 . htftt} cGwsf/ 5 . d b]zdf pHofnf] Hof]lt lkmFhfpg s'bb\ 5 } ' .Ú -k[= ^@_ …3/x¿ nf6f, ;f]emf / lgd'vf nfu] . l;pFbf] k'l5Psf ps dlxnfsf k|tfl8t cg'xf/h:tf eUg 3/x¿ .Ú -k[= (*_ d}n] dflyg} eg]+ kf]if rfkfufO{sf lgofqfx¿ 7fpF / 36gfsf] lg:tf] j0f{g dfq xf]Ogg\ . logdf sNkgf / ;kgfx¿ 5g\ . lghL{jdf ;hLj b]Vg' . k|s[ltsf cyfx ;|f]tnfO{ gjLg ¿kdf k|of]usf snf bzf{pg' pgsf] csf]{ v"jL xf] . o; ;DaGwL s]xL pbfx/0f M k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 83


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…p afbnsf] ;fFaf] . k'n agfpg lgdf{0f u/]sf] l;d]G6sf] ljzfn lkn/ h:tf] . afbnsf] lkn/dfly afbns} nfdf] g nfdf] :sfO{ k'n 5 . s0ff{nLsf] k'nhqf] . xf]Og d jL/ xl:k6n cufl8sf] cfsfz]k'ndf lxF8\b}5' . x]b}{5' . slt 7"nf], slt ulx/f] Ejfª afbnleq . t]lhnf, /flknf ;"o{b]jn] gf}gL d'nfod afbnleq k;]/ agfPsf] xf]nf Tof] vfN8f] . k[YjL 5}g . cfsfzd'lg s'b\b}5 afbn . 5}gg\ Totf dfG5] . — o:tf] afbnleq v]lna:g] 7fpF t :ju{ geP/ kftfn xf] ls .Ú -k[= !@!_ lgofqf n]vgn] cg'e"ltnfO{ klxnf] tŒj dfG5 . hLjgsf] dd{klg cg'e"ltd} 5 . Ps 7fpFdf lxF8\bf lxF8\b} ToxfFsf b[Zo / 36gfx¿n] dfG5]nfO{ p;sf] ljutdf kmsf{Olbg ;St5 . :d[Tofef; -gf]i6flNhof_ x'g klg ;St5, cyjf, cfˆg} 3/ cfFug jf ynf]df k'¥ofOlbg klg ;St5 . kf]if/d0fn] eg] c¿n] eGbf a9Lg} To:tf] cg'e"lt cleJoQm ug'{ ePsf] 5 . pxfFsf] n]vgLaf6 klg ToxL k|i6 x'G5 . pxfF O08f]g]l;of, leotgfd, yfONof08, b'aO{, sDaf]l8oflt/ 3'ld/xg'ePsf] x'G5 . ToxfFsf ;hLj lrq / 36gfx¿ dfq ef]Ug'x'Gg pxfF g]kfndf ef]u]sf 36gf / b[Zon] dHhf;Fu ;dfT5g\ pxfFnfO{ . o;n] kf7snfO{ klg cfˆgf ljutlt/ ;k|f;lËs kms{g xf}:ofpF5 . o:tf k|;ª\ux¿ …nf]jfs skmLÚ s[ltdf w]/} e]l6G5g\ . s]xLnfO{ p4/0f u/f}+ xf]nf— …cF, d xgf]O{rf]sdf 3'Dbf3'Db} sf7df8f}F k'u]+ :jf§} . uf}zfnfb]lv kz'klt x'Fb} u'X]Zj/L;Ddsf] kLr ;8sdf a]n'sf rf/ ah]b]lv ;ftah];Dd s'g}klg afxg nfg Nofpg aGb u/fPF .Ú -k[= &@_ …d]/f] 3/ ef]hk'/ lbª\nf gfuL . d cu]gfdf cfuf] tfKb} lyPF . wf]tL km]/]sf, sfFwdf uD5f cf]9]sf, xftdf kfgLsf] nf]xf]6f af]s]sf d]/f :j= lktf xl/k|;fb rfkfufO{n] k"hf sf]7flt/ hfFb} dlt/ x]/]/ eGg'eof]— …sfG5f, slt 3'D5;\ b]zb]zfj/ . dgM Pj dg'iof0ff+ sf/0f+ aGwdf]Ifof]M . dg g} ;a} xf] . a'?s–a'?s plk|mb} s'b\g 5f]8\ .Ú afn] o;f] elg/xFbf d O08f]g]l;ofaf/] ;f]Rb} lyPF . km]l/ lgbfPF .Ú -k[= !%$_ e|d0f ug'{ hLjg ghLsaf6 lrGg' klg xf] . wg ;DklQ k|z:t x'Fb}df dfG5]n] e|d0f ul/xfN5 eGg] 5}g . e|d0fsf] nflu ;a}eGbf w]/} rflxg] cfF6 g} xf] . ofqfdf cK7\of/fx¿ cfOk5{g\, b'Mvx¿ em]Ng' kg]{ x'G5 . t/, ofqf u/]kl5 ;+;f/sf] ljlrqtf a'‰g ;lsG5 . h;n] hLjgdf a9LeGbf a9L ljlrqtfx¿ b]Vg / ef]Ug kfp5 p;n]g} hLjgnfO{ ;fy{s ¿kdf a'‰g ;St5 . of] ;+;f/ cfkm}+ ljlrq 5 . oxfFsf 3fd, kfgL, lxdfn, kxf8, d?e"ld, 84 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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;d'b|, ufpF j:tL ;a} ljlrq nfUb5 dfG5]nfO{ . cem km/s 7fpFdf km/s ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[lt b]Vbf dfG5] cfkm}+ df]lxt / rlst aG5 . kf]if rfkfufO{ klg gofF gofF 7fpFdf 3'Dbf ToxfFsf b[Zox¿ / dfG5]sf Jojxf/ b]v]/ pb]s dfGg' x'G5 . cfZro{k"0f{ To:tf 36gfx¿ dd{:kzL{ 9Ën] kf7snfO{ klg afF8\g' x'G5 . o:tf 36gf, b[Zo / b[ZofjnLx¿ k9\bf kf7sx¿sf] pT;'stfn] emg\ emg\ pT;'stf a9\b} hfG5 . oxL ofqfsf] qmddf klg kf]ifn] st} c08fskmL vfg' ePsf] 5, st} q'mhaf6 dlg{ªjfs ug'{x'G5, st} z/L/dfq l5g{ ldNg] 9'ª\u|f]df ;'t]/ /ft latfpg' ePsf] 5, st} ;k{sf af/ e]6\g'x'G5, st} Pssk lrof lkOPsf b'O{ lax] ePsf] x]g'{x'G5, st} :ju{, gs{ / kftfndf 3'Dg' x'G5, st} af3sf] /fhwfgLdf 3'Dg'x'G5, st} nfzg} pkrf/sf] nflu cs}{ b]zdf hfg] u/]sf] e]b vf]Ng'x'G5, st} ;'O/f] /f]k]/ dfG5] dfg]{ 7fpF x]g'{ x'G5, st} vf]nfdf 6«flkmshfdsf] c;/ Joxf]g'{ x'G5 . o:tf cfZro{k"0f{ 36gf / k|;ª\ux¿n] kf7ssf] ef]s emg\ emg\ hflu/xG5 . ;a}eGbf cfZro{ t of] k':ts nf]jfs skmLsf] cy{ yfxf kfP/ cfZro{ nfU5 . O08f]g]l;of 3'Dg] qmddf pxfFn] nf]jfs gfdsf] skmL lkO;s]kl5 Tof] skmLsf] u]8f nf]jfs gfdsf] hgfj/nfO{ VjfPkl5 p;n] u/]sf] lbzfaf6 skmLdf u]8f 5fg5'g kf/]/ wf]OkvfnL u/]/ tof/ u/]sf] hfgsf/L kfPkl5 Pp6f cfZro{ h'?Ss p7]sf] x'G5 . kf]if rfkfufO{ cfkm} gxfF;]/} c¿nfO{ xF;fpg vlKk; x'g'x'G5 . ofqfsf] qmddf 36]sf 36gfx¿ ;fdfGo x'G5g\, t/ clnslt ;fjwfgL gk'¥ofpFbf jf clnslt kl/l:ylt gldNbf slt sl7gfO{ ef]Ug' kb{5 eGg] kL8fnfO{ pxfFn] dL7f] z}nLdf j0f{g ug'{ ePsf] 5 . cem egf}+ kL8fnfO{ xf:oz}nLdf JoQm ug]{ Ifdtf pxfFdf k|r"/ 5 . Psk6s yfONof08df 3'Dbf 3'Db} pxfFnfO{ lk;fjn] a]:;/L RofK5 . uf8L /f]Sg ldNb}g . lk;fj v':s]nf h:tf] x'G5 . Tof] kL8f c;x\o x'G5, t/, ;fx|} xF;fpg] z}nLdf j0f{g ug'{ePsf] 5 kf]ifn] . kL8fnfO{ xf:o z}nLdf j0f{g u/]sf 36gf w]/} e]l6G5g\ …nf]jfs skmLÚ df . dnfO{ nfU5— kf]if/d0f rfkfufO{ x[bob]lv 3'Dg] / x[bon] n]Vg] lgofqfsf/ x'gx' G' 5 . lgofqf n]vgnfO{ Wofgsf] ¿kdf lng'ePsf] 5 kf]ifn] . pxfFsf df}g r'N7f], k'ik k|sDk, ;d'bd| f ;ª\uLt / nf]jfs skmL h:tf s[ltx¿ o; tYosf k|df0fx¿ x'g\ . pxfFn] k|of]u ug]{ u|fdL0f njh / zAbx¿sf] a]Un} ld7f; 5 . ltgn] pxfFsf lgofqfx¿ km/s :yfg :yflkt ug{ ;kmn ePsf 5g\ . …nf]jfs skmLÚdf plNnlvt s]xL jfSox¿ klg o;sf ;fIfL 5g\ . h:t}— …;a} 6fdf6'dL k/]/ cfsfzlt/ x]g{ yfn] .Ú -k[= !^&_ k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 85


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…d ?Fbf cfdfn] rf]nf]sf] t'g' vf]n]/ dnfO{ uflGgPsf] b"w r';fgpg'eof] PSn} . gfOF, vfGgF eGbf xk]{af6 lkltSsPs yf]kf] l3p lems]/ afn] d]/f] efudf xflnlbg'eof] PSn} . -k[= !^*_ kf]ifsf lgofqfx¿ sfJolrqn] el/Psf 5g\ . oL lgofqfx¿ k9\bf kf7sn] lgs} uxg sfJo jf bz{gzf:q k9]em}+ 1fg xfl;n ub{5 . lgofqfsf kl/R5]bx¿nfO{ /]vLo cj:yfdf /fVg] xf] eg] sljtfg} eg]/ k95g\ kf7sx¿n] . kf]ifsf lgofqfdf a]nf a]nfdf jfSox¿ k"0f{ gePem}+ nfUb5g\ . ck"0f{ jfSog} k"0f{ sljtf ag]/ pleG5g\ Tof] klg OGb|]gL ¿kdf . sfJofTds :jfbn] el/Psf] uB k9\bf kf7snfO{ /d/dL nfUg yfNb5 . h:tf] ls pxfFn] n]v]sf] uBnfO{ /]vLo ¿kdf /fVbf a]Un} sljtf hGdG5 . …df}g 5g\ ;a} ¿v . 5}g lrla{/fx6 r/fr'?ËLsf] . df}g 5 k|s[lt . xfd|f] ghLs} ¿vsf] aLraf6 em/]/ e'OFel/ 5l/Psf 5g\ ;"o{ . d d"bf{zflGt b]v]/ 5Ss k5'{ .Ú -k[= ^^_ o;nfO{ sfJo ¿kdf— …df}g 5g\ ;a} ¿v 5}g lrlj{/fx6 r/fr'?ËLsf] df}g 5 k|s[lt xfd|f] ghLs} ¿vsf] aLraf6 em/]/ e'OFel/ 5l/Psf5g\ ;"o{ d d"bf{zflGt b]v]/ 5Ss k5'{ .Ú …nf]jfs skmLÚ k9]kl5 d}n] o; k':tsdf pkGof; k9]sf] cfgGbklg k|fKt u/]+ . o; lgofqf s[ltdf ;nn au]sf 36gf, kfqx¿sf] rl/q, b[Zox¿sf] ;+of]hgsf sf/0f pkGof;sf] dL7f] :jfb kfpg ;lsG5 o; s[ltaf6 . lgofqf Pp6f 5'§} ljwf xf] t/ klg o;df sfJo, syf, pkGof;, lgjGw ;a} ljwfx¿ ;dflxt x'G5g\ . To;sf] HjnGt pbfx/0f kf]if rfkfufO{sf] nf]jfs skmLnfO{ lng ;lsG5 . ax'ljwf / ax':jfbnfO{ Pp6} OGb|]0fLdfnf pGg ;kmn kf]if rfkfufO{sf] lgofqf n]vg dfu{ km/flsnf] 5 . pxfFaf6 cem km/flsnf / ax';ª\Vofdf gofF kbrfksf zAblrqx¿ x'ls{Psf] x]g{ rfxG5' d . Pp6f ax'ljwf / ax':jfbsf] lgofqf s[lt …nf]jfs skmLÚ lbgfg'lbg ;':jfb' aGg]5 eGg]df ljZj:t 5' d . nf]jfs slkm lgofqfsf] af/]df d}n] eGg} kg]{ csf]{ Ps s'/f klg 5 Tof] xf] o;leq /x]sf] bz{g / jfbsf] ;Gbe{ . kf]ifsf lgofqfx¿ csf]{ sf]0faf6 klg x]g{ ;lsG5 Tof] xf] pQ/cfw'lgstfsf cfFvfaf6 . Hofs 8]l/8f nufotsf w]/} ljåfgx¿n] ;dfh ljlgdf{0ftkm{ cu|ultdf lxFl8/x]sf] s'/f 86 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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u/] . pQ/cfw'lgstfn] k/Dk/fnfO{ 6]b}{g . x/]s s'/fdf z+sf u/, x/]s s'/fsf] af/]df s;/L / lsg eGg] k|Zg u/ / gjLg af6f]sf] vf]hL u/ eGg] cjwf/0ffdf pQ/cfw'lgstf cl3 al9/x]sf] 5 . o;n] 1fgnfO{ klg ;xh} :jLsfb}{g . 1fg x'g'sf] klg cfwf/ vf]hL ub{5 . kf]ifsf lgofqfx¿ klg k/Dk/fnfO{ dfGb}gg\ . d'VotM kf]ifsf lgofqfx¿ k/Dk/fut b}lgsL z}nLsf ofqf j0f{gaf6 d'Qm 5g\ . kf]ifsf lgofqfdf Ps zAb klg jfSo ag]/ af]N5g\ . uB eg]/ n]lvPsf]df sljtfx¿ af]ln/x]sf x'G5g\ . lgofqfdf syfsf ;Gbe{, pkGof;sf ;Gbe{ / lgaGwsf ;Gbe{x¿ ld;df; u/]/ cfPsf 5g\ . of] cfkm}+df ax'ljwfTds ljlgdf{0f ePsf] 5 . kf]ifsf lgofqfdf ljifo klg pQ/cfw'lgs ag]/ pleG5g\ . h:tf] ls kf]ifsf lgofqfdf dl/;s]sf k|f0fL af]N5g\, afbn, gbL, kxf8, ;d'b| ;a} ;+jfb ub{5g\ . pgsf s]xL jfSox¿ x]bf{ klg k/Dk/faf6 d'Qm eP/ gofFkg lbPsf] k|i6 x'G5 . of] pQ/cfw'lgstfsf] 5gs klg xf] . h:t} M …;fyLx¿n] tLg 8f]sf] ukm ug'{eof], d}n] Ps d'7L hlt .Ú -k[= ===_ PSn} dg;Fu slt ukm ug]{ db]lv d]/f] dgklg lbSs eof] xf]nf eGg] 7fG5 dg . -k[= &%_ aflx/ :joDa/ x'Fb}5 h"g / kfgLsf] . xf]Og, kfgLsf] 5ftLdf d8fl/ b}5g\ rGb|df . rGb|dfsf] k|]d kfP/ a'?Ss a'?s plk|mb}5 kfgL . -k[= *$_ …a"9f eP5g\ ;"o{ . xf]Og, ef]sn] nvt/fg k/]/ b'Anf b]lvPsf xf]nfg\ ;"o{ . -k[= !)!_ …;]tf] dlxnfsf] ufnfdf ;]tf] kfp8/ 3;]h:tf] ;]tf] kfp8/ nfPsf] kfgL . -k[= !#$_ kf]ifsf lgofqfx¿ k9\bf lgofqf ljwfg} e~hg ePem}+ nfUb5 . lgofqf eGg] pNn]v gul/lbg] xf] eg] kf7s cndlnG5 ls p syf kl9/x]5 ls sljtf, pkGof; kl9/x]5 ls lgaGw < oL ;a} ljlgdf{0flt/ cl3 a9]sf kfOG5g\ / pQ/cfw'lgstfn] cfˆgf] j:q eGg] bfjL ub{5g\ . (*%!)(@)&& àUjËa'F, gofFa;kfs{, sf7df8f}F

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 87


…efjsf t/ª\uÚdf n}ª\lus cWoog Rff?ef l3ld/] != ljifo kl/ro

ss

@= ;}4flGts cfwf/

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efjsf t/ª\u -@)&^_ ;'dLnf]xgLåf/f/lrtklxnf] syf ;ª\u|x xf] . k|:t't ;ª\u|xdf ;fdflhs ljifoj:t'df s]lGb|t ;f]x| j6f syf ;dfj]z ul/Psf 5g\ . tLdWo] b; j6f syfdf n}ª\lus ljifo p7fg ul/Psf] 5 . To;}n] tL syfsf] n}ª\lus b[li6sf]0faf6 cWoog ug'{ cf}lrTok"0f{ b]lvG5 . gjLg 9ª\un] of}lgstf / n}ª\lustfsf] cWoog ug]{ ;dfnf]rgf k4ltnfO{ n}ª\lus ;dfnf]rgf elgG5 . n}ª\lus ;dfnf]rgfn] s[ltdf ;a} lsl;dsf n}ª\lus ljz]iftf ePsf JolQmx¿sf] ;fdflhs cj:yf, lrGtg, cjwf/0ff cflb kIfsf] vf]hL ub{5 . o; ;dfnf]rgf efjsft/ª\u syf ;ª\u|xsf b; j6f syfdf k|:t't n}ª\lus dfgl;stf, n}ª\lus lje]b;DaGwL b[li6sf]0f cflbsf af/]df s]lGb|t eO{ tof/ kfl/Psf] 5 .

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n}ªl\ us ;dfnf]rgf k/Dk/feGbf leGg k|sf/n] of}lgstf / n}ªl\ ustfsf] cWoog ug]{ ;dfnf]rgf k4lt xf] -kf}8o\ fn, @)&) M !#!_ . n}ªl\ us ;dfnf]rgf cª\uh ]| L efiffsf] …h]G8/ ls|l6l;HdÚsf] g]kfnL ¿kfGt/0f xf] . n}ªl\ us ;dfnf]rgfn] k'?if / dlxnfsf] ;DaGw, ;dfhdf ltgsf] e"ldsf tyf ;fdflhs, cfly{s, ;f+:s[lts, /fhgLlts ;+/rgfdf k'?if / dlxnfsf] x:tIf]ksf] cWoog ub{5 -e§/fO{, @)&^ M @^)_ . lnª\u -dlxnf÷k'?if_ h}ljs ;+/rgf;Fu ;DalGwt x'G5 . of] k|fs[lts jf g};lu{s u'0f xf] . lnª\usf] ;+/rgf x]//] efn] -k'?if_ jf kf]yL -dlxnf_ 5'66 \ ofpg ;lsG5 . g};lu{s leGgtfcg';f/ of]lg x'g,' dlxgfjf/L x'g,' l8Da pTkfbg ug{,' ue{wf/0f ug',{ aRrf hGdfpg', :tg kfg u/fpg', x s|fd] f]hf]d x'g' dlxnfsf lghL ljz]iftf x'g\ eg] lnª\u x'g,' z'ss | L6 pTkfbg ug',{ ue{wf/0f u/fpg', x / y s|fd] f]hf]d x'g' k'?ifsf lghL ljz]iftf x'g\ . o:tf g};lu{s ljz]iftfx¿ l:y/ x'G5g\ . n}ªl\ ustf -h]G8/_ dlxnf / k'?ifsf] ;fdflhs–;f+:s[lts e"ldsf;Fu ;DalGwt x'G5 . dlxnf / k'?ifsf] e"ldsf ;dfh, ;+:s[lt, rfnrng, /Lltl/jfh, hLjgz}nL cflbsf sf/0f leGgleGg 88 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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k|sl[ tsf] x'G5 cyf{t\ ;a} If]qsf dlxnf / k'?ifn] Ps} k|sf/sf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ub}g { g\ -9sfn, @)&) M #@(_ . n}ªl\ us ;dfnfrgfsf] k|f/De / ljsf;sf af/] cWoog ub}{ hfFbf ;g\ !**$ df hd{gsf bfz{lgs k|m8] l/s Pª\uN] ;sf] kl/jf/, lghL ;DklQ / /fHosf] pTklQ gfds k':tssf] k|sfzg;Dd k'Ug' kg]{ b]lvG5 lsgls e§/fO{n] Pª\uN] ;sf] pQm k':tsnfO{ n}ªl\ us ;dfnf]rgfsf] klxnf] s[lt dfg]sf 5g\ . pQm k':tsdf Pª\uN] ; / dfS;{sf ;dfh, kl/jf/ / n}ªl\ us ;DaGw;Fu ;DalGwt dfGotf k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . ;fy} gf/L bdgsf] sf/ssf] vf]hL ub}{ dlxnf d'lQmsf] cj:yf j0f{g ul/Psf] 5 . Pª\uN] ;sf cg';f/ cflbd o'udf gf/L k|wfg ;dfh lyof] . bf; o'udf cfˆgf] ;DklQsf] x]/rfxsf nflu k'?ifn] bf; kTgLx¿ hDdf ug{ yfNof] . la:tf/} kl/jf/sf] k|f¿k tof/ eof] . pQm kfl/jfl/s ;+/rgfn] lkt[;Qfsf] :yfkgf eof] . o; k|sf/ lghL ;DklQsf] pTklQ ePkl5 k'?ifåf/f gf/Ldfly bdg k|f/De ePsf] xf] -e§/fO{, @)&^ M @^!_ . ;g\ !($* df k|mfG;af6 dlxnf / k'?if aLrsf] lje]bsf/L dfGotf tyf Jojxf/ lj?4 gf/LjfbL cfGbf]ng z'¿ eof] . pQm cfGbf]ngn] la:tf/} ljZjsf cGo d'n'sx¿nfO{ klg k|efljt kf¥of] . z'¿df ;dfg sfdsf nflu ;dfg Hofnf, dtflwsf/ h:tf d'2f p7fpFb} k|mfG;af6 cufl8 a9]sf] pQm cfGbf]ngdf gful/stf, dlxnfdflysf] bf]xf]/f] e"ldsfsf] cGTo, aflx/L If]qdf sfdsf] cj;/ h:tf dlxnf;DaGwL ljleGg d'2fx¿ ylkb} uP -9sfn, @)&) M @#!_ . ;g\ !($( df k|mfG;]nL n]vs l;df]g b a'cfsf] b ;]s]G8 ;]S; gfds k':ts k|sflzt eof] . pQm s[lt gf/LjfbL cfGbf]ngsf] o'ufGtsf/L b:tfj]h aGg k'Uof]] . a'cfn] pQm s[ltdf ædlxnfx¿ hGdb}gg\ a¿ pgLx¿nfO{ hGdfOG5Æ egL cfˆgf] ts{ k|:t't u/]kl5 gf/Ljfb / n}ª\lus cWoogn] k|fl1s / af}l4s dfGotf k|fKt u¥of] -e§/fO{, @)&^ M @^@_ . k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 89


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;g\ !(^) sf] bzsdf klZrddf gf/LjfbL cfGbf]ngn] ult k|fKt u¥of]] . ;g\ !(^# df cd]l/sL gf/LjfbL a]§Llk|m8gsf] b km]ldlgod ldl:6s k|sflzt eof] . pQm k':tsdf lk|m8gn] dlxnf :jfoQtf / ;dfgtfnfO{ d"n d'2f agfOg\ / dlxnfsf] z/L/dfly k'?ifsf] lgoGq0f, k|eT' j, zf]if0fsf] cGTo ug'{ kg]{ wf/0ff /flvg\ . !(&) df cd]l/sL gf/LjfbL n]vs s]6 ldn]6sf] ;]S;'cn kf]lnl6S; k|sflzt eof] . pQm k':tsdf ldn]6n] gf/Ldfly x'g] ;Dk"0f{ zf]if0fsf] d"nsf/0f lkt[;QfTds k|jl[ Q / k'?if k|wfg ;dfh xf] / hlxn]bl] v gf/Lx¿ cl:tTjdf cfP To;}an ] fb]lv g} zf]lift 5g\ eGg] wf/0ff /flvg\ . k|mfG;]nL ljrf/s h'lnof ls|:t]efn] gf/LjfbL cWoognfO{ pQ/ ;+/rgfjfbL gf/Ljfb;Fu lgs6 /x]/ cfˆgf wf/0ff k|:t't ul/g\ . cd]l/sg lrGts h'l8y a6n/n] h]G8/ 6«an -!(()_ gfds k':tsdf n}ªl\ us leGgtf k|fs[lts geO{ ;dfh lgld{t wf/0ff xf] eg]sL 5g\ . -e§/fO{, @)&^ M @^@_ . n}ª\lus ;dfnf]rgf k4lt !(*) sf] bzskl5 gf/Ljfbaf6 5'l§P/ :jtGq ¿kdf ljsl;t ePsf] k4lt xf] . o;leq dlxnf ;dlnª\uL, k'?if ;dlnª\uL, lålnª\uL / t];|f]lnª\uLh:tf ;a} k|sf/sf lnª\uLo klxrfg ;d]6\g] ;lGbUwtfsf] l;4fGt klg ;d]l6G5 . !(*) sf] bzsdf ljsl;t gf/L ;dlnª\uL ;dfnf]rgfn] lkt[;QfTds k|j[lQ / ;du| ljifd lnª\uLn] ug]{ dgf]j}1flgs, ;fdflhs, cfly{s, /fhgLlts bdg;Fu ;DalGwt ljifosf] cWoog ub{5 eg] !(() sf] bzsdf ljsl;t k'?if ;dlnªuL ;dfnf]rgfn] k'?ifn] cfkm" / c¿nfO{ x]g]{ b[li6sf]0f, snf / ;ª\uLt l;h{gf, To;sf] JofVof ug]{ t/Lsf / cfˆgf cg'ejnfO{ ;flxTodf JoQm ug]{ t/Lsfsf] cWoog ub{5 -kf}8\ofn, @)&) M !##_ . o; k|sf/ n}ªl\ us ;dfnf]rgf gf/LjfbL cfGbf]ngsf] k[i7e"lddf ljsl;t ;dfnf]rgf k4lt xf] . k|f/Dedf k'?if k|wfg ;dfh / lkt[;Qfdfly dfq k|xf/ ug],{ dlxnfsf ;d:ofdf dfq s]lGb|t x'g] of] ;dfnf]rgf k4lt jt{dfg ;dodf jf:tljs ¿kdf dsf{df k/]sf dlxnf, k'?if, lålnª\uL, ;dlnª\uL / t];f| l] nª\uLnfO{ ul/g] n}ªl\ us lje]bsf] cWoog ljZn]if0fdf s]lGb|t ePsf] kfOG5 .

#= …efjsf t/ª\uÚsf] n}ª\lus ljZn]if0f …Effjsf t/ª\uÚ sf7df8f}F pkTosfsf] cf~rlns kl/j]z ;d]l6Psf] syf ;ª\ux| xf] . o; ;ª\ux| sf syfdf g]kfnL ;dfhdf ljBdfg lkt[;QfTds lrGtg, ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts e"ldsfsf sf/0f pTkGg n}ªl\ us lje]b, To;n] l;h{gf u/]sf] dfgl;s cj:yf / lje]bsf sf/0f lj;ª\ut hLjg afFrs ] f kfqx¿sf] oyfy{ lrq 90 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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ptfl/Psf] 5 . oxfF pQm ;ª\ux| df ;dfj]z ul/Psf ;f]x| j6f syfdWo]b; j6f syf gd"gf 5gf]6 u/L ltgLx¿sf] n}ªl\ us b[li6n]] ljZn]if0f ul/Psf] 5 . k|:t't ;ª\u|xsf syfx¿df ljz]if u/]/ k'?if kfqsf] b[li6sf]0fsf sf/0f gf/L kfq, gf/L kfqsf] b[li6sf]0fsf sf/0f k'?if kfq / gf/L kfqsf] b[li6sf]0fsf sf/0f gf/L kfqsf] hLjg lj;ª\ut ag]sf] b]lvG5 . h;nfO{ lgDg lnlvt tLg pkzLif{sdf ljefhg u/]/ ljZn]if0f ul/Psf] 5 M #=!= k'?if kfqsf] gf/L kfqk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0f k|:t't ;ª\u|xsf syfdf k|foM gf/L k|lts"n k'?if kfq pkl:yt 5g\ . cl:tTj syfsL OGb'sf] nf]Ug] :jf:gLnfO{ k|;j kL8fn] 56\kl6Psf a]nf klg a]jf:tf ug]{ k'?if kfq xf] . k|;j kL8f z'¿ ePsf] hfGbfhGb} klg pm d:t;Fu lgbfO/x]sf] 5 . h}ljs leGgtfsf sf/0f k|;j kL8f t OGb'n] g} ;xg'k5{ t/ pm OGb'nfO{ ;fGTjgf;Dd klg lbb}g . pm s]xL lbg cl3 cfkm" la/fdL x'Fbf OGb'n] ef]s, Kof; / lgb|fsf] kjf{x gu/L cfˆgf]] ;]jf u/]sf] la;{G5 / OGb' la/fdL x'Fbf a]jf:tf u5{ . 5f]/fsf] Gjf/fgsf] lbg :jf:gLnfO{ cFufNg hfG5 . p;sf] o; k|sf/sf] Jojxf/sf sf/0f :jf:gLdf 3[0ff pTkGg ePsf] 5 -k[=!#_ . :jf:gL p;sf] To:tf] Jojxf/sf] lj/f]w ug{ ;lSbg / r'krfk 5f]/f] Rofk]]/ 3/af6 lg:sG5] . o; k|sf/ nf]Ug]sf] :jf:gLk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0fsf sf/0f OGb'sf] hLjg lj;ª\ut aGg k'u]sf] 5 . ;fysL >4f ¿k, u'0f / :jefjn] ;DkGg gf/L kfq xf] . 8fS6/sf] k/LIf0fdf s'g} v/faL gb]lvP klg pm ljjfx ePsf] b; jif{;Dd lgM;Gtfg /x]sL 5 . ;GtfgxLgf ePsf sf/0f p;nfO{ 3/ kl/jf/sf ;b:on] tLvf] jrg nufPsf 5g\, p;sf] nf]Ug]n] z/L/el/ gLn8fd x'g] u/L s'6lk6 u/]sf] 5 . j+z a9fpg g;s]sf sf/0f 3/ kl/jf/sf] PstkmL{ lg0f{odf p;sf] nf]Ug] ;f}tf xfNg 8f]nL r9]sf] 5 lsgls pm lkt[;QfTds ;dfhsf] k'?if kfq xf] eg] >4fn] lagf ljb|f]x cfˆgf] hLjg ;dfKt u/]sL 5 . o; k|sf/ nf]Ug]k'?if_sf sf/0f >4f-gf/L_sf] hLjg lj;ª\ut aGg k'u]sf] 5 . kZrfQfksf] k'/gn] Hof]lt;Fu zf/Ll/s ef]usf lglDt ljjfx u/]sf] 5 . :s"n hfg] pd]/sL Hof]ltnfO{ nnfOkmsfO{ ljjfx u/]/ NofO{ /ftlbg s'6lk6 ug]{, wDSofpg] u/]sf] 5 . pm Hof]ltnfO{ aflx/af6 tfNrf nufP/ 3/af6 lg:sG5 . p;n] :jf:gLnfO{ 3/ gfdsf] ‰ofnvfgfdf s}b u/]sf] 5 -k[=&&_ . lkt[;QfTds ;dfhsf] nf]Ug] ePsf sf/0f pm :jf:gLsf] hLjgsf ;a} lg0f{o PSn} u5{ rfx] p;sf] lg0f{on] :jf:gLnfO{ c;Xo kL8f g} ePsf] lsg gxf];\ . cf/f]x cj/f]x syfsf] h]7f] :jf:gLnfO{ nfTt} nfTtf es'5{ . pm :jf:gLnfO{ æd}n] k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 91


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ghf eg]sf] 7fpFdf lsg uO;,Æ eGb} xKsfpF5 . pm :jf:gLn] sxfF hfg] / sxfF ghfg] eGg] s'/fsf] lg0f{o cfkm}F u5{ . pm ;]tLsf] nf]Ug] ePsf sf/0f cfkm"nfO{ ;]tLsf] hLjgsf] dflns tyf lg0f{o stf{ ;DemG5 / ;]tLn] cfkm"n] h] eGof] ToxL dfGg'k5{ eGg] 7fG5 . zª\sfsf] lkmn'ª\uf]sf] >LsfGt /Hh"sf] nf]Ug] tyf k'?ifjfbL cx+ ePsf] kfq xf] . To;}n] p;n] h]7L :jf:gL /Hh"sf] Jojxf/sf] k|ltzf]w :j¿k rGb|fnfO{ bf];|L :jf:gLsf ¿kdf leq\ofof] . z'¿df nf]Ug] kLl8t :jf:gLsf ¿kdf k|:t't ePsL /Hh" syfsf] cGTodf r'krfk nf]Ug]sf] lg0f{o ;xg afWo eO{ . oIf k|ZgsL gflosf ;f}Dofsf] n8fOF cfˆg} a'af;Fu 5 . 5f]/L ePsf sf/0f p;n] afa'nfO{ bfuaQL lbg, ls|ofk'qL a:g / >f4 u/]/ lk08bfg ug{ kfpFlbg . ;fdflhs k/Dk/fcg';f/ p;n] ljjfx u/]/ cGoq hfg'k5{ . pm 5f]/L eP/ hGd]s} sf/0f afa'sf] gfd ;'Gg] lalQs} 8/fpF5] . cfkm}FnfO{ lal;{Fbf syfsL gflosf bLkfn] afa'sf] d[To'kZrft\ efOsf] cleefjssf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/L t/ cfˆg} v'§fdf plePkl5 efOn] lbbLk|ltsf] st{Jo la:of]{ . lbbLnfO{ rfl/lqs nf~5gf nufof] cyf{t\ p;n] -k'?ifn]_ lbbL-gf/L_k|lt k|lts"n Jojxf/ u¥of] . h;sf sf/0f bLkfsf] hLjg lj;ª\ut aGof] . df]xeª\usL gLtf cfˆg} bfh'sf] Jojxf/af6 kLl8t 5 . gLtfsf] bfh'n] cfˆgL :jf:gLsf] s'/f ;'g]/ alxgLsf] ;f/f ;DklQ x8Kg ;xfos e"ldsf lgjf{x u¥of] / alxgLsf] hLjg kL8fn] el/lbof] . sk"/ syfsL gflosf gL? P8\; /f]uaf6 kLl8t 5 . nf]Ug] /f]huf/Lsf lglDt ljb]z uPsf] a]nf /d0fnufot y'k|} k/ k'?if;Fusf] ;xjf;sf s|ddf P8\; nfu]sf] 5 . /f]un] ylnPkl5 pm hflu/;d]t 5f8L ;dfhaf6 lgs} 6f9f /x]/ cfˆgf] unt lg0f{osf] ;hfP ef]lu/x]sL 5 . o; k|sf/ pm P8\;af6 kLl8t x'g'df pm nufot p;Fu zf/Ll/s ;Dks{df cfpg] k'?if klg TolQs} lhDd]jf/ b]lvG5g\ . pm ljleGg k'?if;Fusf] ;xjf;sf sf/0f lj;ª\ut hLjg hLpg afWo ePsL xf] . cl:tTjsL OGb' / ;fysL >4fsf nf]Ug]x¿, kZrfQfksf] k'/g, cf/f]x cj/f]xsf] h]7f] / zª\sfsf] lkmn'ª\uf]sf>LsfGt n}ª\lus lje]b o'Qm ;fdflhs ;f+:s[lts kl/j]zsf k'?if kfq x'g\ . pgLx¿ x'ls{Psf] ;dfh lkt[;QfTds cyf{t\ k'?if k|e'Tj ePsf] ;dfh xf] . To;}n] pgLx¿ cfkm"nfO{ dflns, x:tIf]ksf/L, lgoGq0fd'vL, cfTd lg0f{osf] clwsf/ / j}olQms :jtGqtf k|fKt JolQm ;DemG5g\ . pgLx¿n] gf/L / k'?if aLr ;dfg ;xeflutf / ;xcl:tTj cfjZos x'G5 eGg] s'/f k9]sf t 5g\ t/ Jojxf/df nfu" ub}{gg\ . h;sf sf/0f OGb'sf] nf]Ug]nfO{ k|;j kL8fsf a]nf cfkm" efjgfTds ¿kdf :jf:gL;Fu} /xg' k5{ eGg] s'/f dx;"'; g} x'b}g . >4fsf] nf]Ug] / 92 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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>LsfGtnfO{ bf];|f] ljjfx ug'{ k"j{ :jf:gL;Fu ;Nnfx ug'{k5{ h:tf] nfUb} nfUb}g . g h]7f] / k'/gnfO{ :jf:gL s'6\g' x'Gg eGg] nfU5 . oIf–k|ZgsL ;f}Dofsf afa' 5f]/LnfO{ klg 5f]/f ;/x Jojxf/ ug'{k5{ eGg];Dd ;f]Rb}gg\ . afa'sf] gfd ;'Gg] lalQs} 5f]/Lsf] ;ftf]k'Tnf] p8\5 eg] 5f]/f] a]nufd pGdQ 3f]8f h:t} lxF8]sf] 5 -k[= %#_ . cfkmF}nfO{ lal;F{bfsL bLkfsf] efO / df]x eª\usL gLtfsf bfh' klg lkt[;QfTds ;dfhsf k'?if kfq x'g\ . To;sf/0f pgLx¿ ;a}df k'?if k|e'TjjfbL lrGtg xfjL ePsf] 5 . o; k|sf/ cl:tTjsL OGb',;fysL >4f, cf/f]x cj/f]xsL ;]tL / kZrfQfksL Hof]ltsf] hLjg nf]Ug] -k'?if_sf] :jf:gL-gf/L_ k|ltsf] b[li6sf]0fsf sf/0f lj;ª\ut ag]sf] 5 eg] df]xeª\usL gLtf / cfkm}FnfO{ lal;{FbfsL bLkfsf] hLjg s|dzM cfˆg} bfh' / efO -k'?if_sf] Jojxf/sf sf/0f lj;ª\ut ag]sf] 5 . To:t}zª\sfsf] lkmn'ª\uf] syfsL /Hh"sf] hLjg cfˆg} :jefj / nf]Ug]sf sf/0f lj;ª\ut ag]sf] 5 . #=@= gf/L kfqsf] gf/L kfqk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0f k|:t't ;ª\ux| sf syfdf gf/L cg'sn " / gf/L k|lts"n b'O{ k|sf/sf gf/L kfq /x]sf 5g\ . oIf k|ZgsL gflosf ;f}DofsL cfdf gf/L eP/ klg gf/L k|lts"n kfq x'g\ . pgL 5f]/LnfO{ lkt[;QfTds cfFvfn] x]l5{g\ . 5f]/Ln] cfkm"nfO{ bfuaQL lbGg, ls|ofk'qL al:bg / >f4 u/]/ lk08bfg ulb{g eg]/ 5f]/LnfO{ 3[0ff ul5{g\ . 5f]/Ln] cfˆgf] cl:tTjaf/] k|Zg ubf{ ætF k/fO{ xf];\ . csf{sf] 3/ hfg] hft xf];\ . tF a8L hfGg] g xf] . o;/L d'vd'v} nfUbf d'v;'v Roflt lbG5'Æ eGg] hjfkm lblG5g\ . pgnfO{ 5f]/f eP k'U5 . rfx] Tof] v/fa cfr/0fsf] g} lsg gxf];\ . cfkm}n F fO{ lal;{bF f syfsL gflosf bLkfsL alxgL / efO a'xf/L gf/L eP/ klg gf/L k|lts"n kfq x'g\ . afa'sf] d[To'kZrft\ cfˆgf] ljjfxsf] pd]/;d]t a]jf:tf ub}{ alxgLsf] afNosfnsf] ;xf/f ag]sL lbbLnfO{ k'?if ldq;Fu 3'Dg uPsf lgx'dF f alxgLn] rfl/lqs nf~5gf nufO{ . efO a'xf/Ln] cfufdf l3p yKg] sfd u/L . o;/L lagf s;"/ gf/Laf6 gf/Ls} rfl/lqs xTof eof] . alxgL lbbL bLkfsf] ;xof]uL x'g' kYof]{ t/ To;f] x'g ;s]g . cflv/ bLkfn] kl/jf/;Fu ljb|fx] ug{ ;lsg / xf/ dfg]/ 3/ 5f8]/ lxF8L . bLkfsL alxgL / efO a'xf/Ldf lkt[;QfTds lrGtg xfjL ePsf sf/0f pgLx¿n] gf/L eP/ klg gf/Lsf] kIf lng ;s]gg\ . df]xeª\usL gLtfsL efph" gf/L kL8s kfq xf] . p;n] j}wJo hLjg afFrs ] L gGb -gLtf_nfO{ kL8f lbPsL 5 . efph"n] cfkm" gf/L ePsf sf/0f gLtfsf] 3fpdf dnd nufpg' kg]{ xf] t/ p;n] nf]Ug] -gLtfsf] bfh'_;Fu ldn]/ gLtfsf] ;f/f ;DklQ cfˆgf] agfO{ . o;/L dfOtLn] ;f/f ;DklQ lnP/ sª\ufn agfpFbf klg gLtfn] dfOtLsf] v'n/] lj/f]w ug{ ;lsg / r'krfk 3/af6 lg:sL . zª\sfsf] lkmn'ªu\ f] syfsL /Hh" gf/L kL8s kfq k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 93


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xf] . nf]Ug];uF af]ns ] f] lgx'dF f /Hh"n] ætFnfO{ a]:;], d]/f] nf]Ug]afx]s c¿ sf]xL kfOg;\ t}n F ] < d]/f] ;f}tf aGg vf]Hg]===Æ eGb} rGbfsf] a]OHht u/L . rGbfaf/] ufpFdf cgfjZos 6Lsf l6Kk0fL eof] . /Hh"n] rGbfnfO{ k6s k6s kL8f lbO{ . cljjflxt rGbfsf] ljjfx x'g ufx|f] eof] . ;fysL Ct' / clUg :gfgsL zLtn gf/L cg's"n kfq x'g\ . Ct' efph" >4fsf] clwsf/sf nflu bfh' / ;Dk"0f{ kl/jf/ lj?4 n8]sL 5 eg] zLtn lglwsf] clwsf/sf nflu bLk lj?4 plePsL 5 . logLx¿ syfdf pkl:yt ljjflxt gf/L kfqsf] t'ngfdf lgs} ljb|f]xL b]lvG5g\ t/ pgLx¿sf] ljb|f]xn] lkt[;QfTds ;f]r ePsf k'?if / gf/L kfqsf] dfgl;s lrGtgnfO{ vf;} c;/ kf/]sf] b]lvFb}g . cflv/df xf/ dfg]/ >4fn] b]xTofu u/]sL 5 / zLtn lglwsf] cg'/f]wdf zfGt a:g afWo 5 . dfly pNn]lvt ;a} gf/L kfqsf] kL8f k'?if kfq;Fu ;DalGwt b]lvG5 . OGb' / >4f nf]Ug]sf lj?4 Ps zAb klg af]Nb}gg\ . pgLx¿ cfkm"nfO{ nfrf/, sdhf]/, lg/Lx ;DemG5g\ . pgLx¿ 86]/ kL8ssf] k|ltsf/ klg ub}{gg\ . o;sf] d"n sf/0f pgLx¿ x'ls{Psf] n}ª\lus lje]b o'Qm ;dfh xf] . pgLx¿nfO{ ;fg}b]lv gf/L sf]dn x'G5g\, pgLx¿df lg0f{o Ifdtf x'b}g, pgLx¿ cx|fPsf] sfd dfq ug{ ;S5g\, gf/Ln] 3/d} a;]/ kl/jf/sf] ;]jf ug'{ k5{ . gf/L ;xgzLn tyf zfGt :jefjsf x'G5g\ . gf/Lx¿ eg]sf csf{sf] 3/ hfg] hft x'g\ . csf{sf] 3/ hfg] hftn] w]/} af]Ng' x'Gg . s'g} s'/fsf] lj/f]w ug{ x'Gg . cfˆgf] ljrf/ JoQm ug]{ 5"6 gf/LnfO{ 5}g eg]/ l;sfOPsf] 5 . OGb' / >4fsf] t'ngfdf Hof]lt / ;]tLn] nf]Ug] -k'?if_sf] Jojxf/sf] k|ltsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . Hof]ltn] kl/jf/sf] ;xof]udf nf]Ug]nfO{ k|x/Lsf] lhDdf nufPsL 5 eg] ;]tLn] yf]/} eP klg nf]Ug]n] s'6lk6 ubf{ lj/f]w u/]sL 5 . #=#= gf/L kfqsf] k'?if kfqk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0f k|:t't ;ª\u|xsf syfdf k'?if k|lts"n / k'?if cg's"n b'O{ k|sf/sf gf/L kfq pkl:yt 5g\ . zª\sfsf] lkmlnª\uf] syfsL /Hh" / sk"/sL /lZd nf]Ug] kLl8t :jf:gLsf ¿kdf pkl:yt 5g\ . zª\sfsf] lkmlnª\uf]sL /Hh"sf sf/0f >LsfGtsf] kl/jf/ vl08t ePsf] 5 . 5f]/f] xf]:6]ndf 5 eg] ;f;' ;;'/f tLy{jf;df uPsf 5g\ . nf]Ug] sf]xL dlxnf;Fu af]n]sf], ukm u/]sf] yfxf kfpgf;fy 3/df /8fsf] dRrfpg' p;sf] b}lgsL alg;s]sf] 5 . Ps lbg l5d]sLsL 5f]/Lsf] ljjfxdf uPsf a]nf nf]Ug];Fu af]n]sf] lgx'Fdf pm …tFnfO{ a]:;], d]/f] nf]Ug]afx]s c¿ sf]xL kfOg;\ t}Fn] < d]/f] ;f}tf aGg vf]Hg]===eGb} rGbfdfly hfO{ nfuL -k[=(%_ . pQm 36gfn] p;sf] nf]Ug] rGb|sfGtnfO{ 94 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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nlHht agfof] . b}lgssf] /Hh"sf] o; k|sf/sf] Jojxf/af6 rGb|sfGt cflht eof] . /Hh"sf] Jojxf/sf sf/0f pm rGbfnfO{ bf];|L :jf:gLsf ¿kdf leq\ofpg afWo eof] . o; k|sf/ gf/L-:jf:gL_sf sf/0f >LsfGt-k'?if_sf] hLjg lj;ª\ut aGg k'Uof] . sk"/sL /lZdsf] nf]Ug] klg :jf:gL kLl8t nf]Ug] xf] . g]kYo kfqsf] ¿kdf pkl:yt pm k};f sdfP/ :jf:gL / 5f]/fnfO{ v'zL kfg{ ljb]z uPsf] 5 . p;n] ToxfF s8f kl/>d u/L dxLg} lkR5] :jf:gLnfO{ k};f k7fO/x]sf] 5 t/ p;sL :jf:gL gL? y'k|} k/k'?if;Fusf] ;xjf;df nxl;PsL 5 . nf]Ug]n] sdfPsf] ;f/f k};f df]hdHhfdf vr{ u/]sL 5 . dg]{ a]nfdf p;n] ;f/f ;DklQ ;fyL /lZdsf] gfddf as;kq ul/lbPsL 5 . o; k|sf/ :jf:gL / 5f]/fsf lglDt k};f sdfpg ljb]z uPsf] nf]Ug]sf] g ;DklQ ;'/lIft /Xof] g kl/jf/ g} . cl:tTjsL OGb', ;fysL >4f / oIf k|ZgsL ;f}DofsL cfdf k'?if cg's"n kfq x'g\ . OGb'df k|;j kL8fsf a]nf nf]Ug]af6 ;fGTjgf gkfPkl5 cfGtl/s ¿kdf ljb|f]x pTkGg ePsf] 5 . nf]Ug]n] cfkm"nfO{ xflb{s geO{ zf/Ll/s k|]d u/]sf] dx;"; ePsf]] 5 . 5f]/fsf] Gjf/fgsf] lbg cfkm"nfO{ cFufNg cfpg] nf]Ug]k|lt 3[0ff pTkGg ePsf] 5 -k[=!#_ . To;kl5sf lbgx¿df nf]Ug]n] :kz{ ubf{ laR5Ln] 8;] em}F / cFufnf] xfNbf d/]sf] ;k{ a]l/P em}F cg'e"t ePsf] 5 t/ klg pm nf]Ug]sf] To:tf] Jojxf/sf] lj/f]w ug{ ;lSbg / r'krfk 5f]/f] Rofk]]/ 3/af6 lg:sG5] . pm v'n]/ nf]Ug]sf] lj/f]w ug{ ;lSbg .o; k|sf/ nf]Ug]nfO{ s'g} k|sf/sf] kL8f glbg' / cfˆgf] af6f] nfUg' cl:tTjsf] vf]hL geO{ lkt[;QfTds ;fdflhs dfgl;stfsf] kIf kf]if0f ug'{ xf] . ;fysL >4f ¿k, u'0f / :jefjn] ;DkGg gf/L kfq xf] . 8fS6/sf] k/LIf0fdf s'g} v/faL gb]lvP klg pm ljjfx ePsf] b; jif{;Dd lgM;Gtfg /x]sL 5 . ;GtfgxLgf ePsf sf/0f p;n] 3/ kl/jf/sf ;b:osf] tLvf] jrg ;'Gg' k/]sf] 5, z/L/el/ gLn8fd x'g] u/L nfUg]n] s'6lk6 ubf{ klg r'krfk ;xg' k/]sf] 5 . j+z a9fpg g;s]sf sf/0f 3/ kl/jf/sf] PstkmL{ lg0f{odf p;sf] nf]Ug] ;f}tf xfNg 8f]nL r9]sf] 5 eg]] >4fn] lagf ljb|f]x cfˆgf] hLjg ;dfKt u/]sL 5 . o; k|sf/ nf]Ug] / kl/jf/sf] lj/f]w gug'{ / cfkm"nfO{ ;dfKt ug'{ klg k'?if cg's"n x'g' xf] . ;f}DofsL cfdf 5f]/fn] afFr'~h]n kfNg], d/]kl5 kf]Ng] / lk08 lbP/ :ju{sf] 9f]sf vf]Ng] ljZjf;sf sf/0f 5f]/fnfO{ cTolws 5"6 lblG5g\ . 5f]/f] a]nufd pGdQ 3f]8f h:t} lxF8\g', -k[=%#_ gf/LnfO{ v]nf}gf ;Dem]/ pgLx¿sf] efjgf;Fu v]Ng' -k[=%!_ cfdfsf nflu klg ;fdfGo 36gf ePsf] 5 . 5f]/L ;f}Dofn] bfh'sf] gf/L kLl8t Jojxf/sf] lj/f]w ubf{ pgL æpm 5f]/f] dfG5] xf] . pd]/df cn]nL df]h dHhf u/]/ s] lau|G5 / -k[=%!_ Û eGg] k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 95


hjfkm lblG5g\ . df]x eª\usL gLtfnfO{ d ;Ifd 5'\, cfˆgf] kf}/vdf afFRg ;S5' eGg] nfUb}g . To;}n] pm dfOtLsf] z/0fdf k'u]sL . o; k|sf/ z/0f vf]Hg', dfOtLn] nnfOkmsfO u/]/ ;f/f ;DklQ lnFbf klg 86]/ ljb|f]x ug{ g;Sg' gLtfdf ljBdfg lkt[;QfTds dfgl;stf g} xf] . df]x eª\usL gLtfsL efph", cfkm}FnfO{ lal;{FbfsL bLkfsf alxgL / efO a'xf/L gf/L eP/ klg k'?ifjfbL lrGtg ePsf kfqsf ¿kdf pkl:yt 5g\ .

$= lgisif{

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k|:t't ;ª\u|xsf syfdf n}ª\lus lje]bsf sf/0f pTkGg ;fdflhs, ;f+:s[lts / dgf]j}1flgs ;d:ofnfO{ ljifo agfOPsf] 5 . syfdf pkl:yt OGb', >4f, ;]tL, Hof]lt, bLkf / gLtf lkt[;Qfsf sf/0f k'?ifaf6 dlxnfdfly x'g] u/]sf] bdg, zf]if0f, cGofo / cTofrf/af6 kLl8t 5g\ . pgLx¿ g kL8ssf] Jojxf/sf] lj/f]w ug{ ;S5g\ g :jtGqtf, ;dfgtf, ;xcl:tTj, cfTdlge{/tfaf/] ax; ug{ ;S5g\ g :jtM lg0f{o u/]/ cufl8 g} a9\g ;S5g\ . ;f}Dof, bLkf, gLtf / rGbf gf/Laf6 gf/Ldfly x'g] u/]sf] cGofoaf6 kLl8t 5g\ . ;f}Dof cGofo lj?4 ;ª\3if{ ug]{ kfqsf] ¿kdf clg bLkf, gLtf / rGbf cGofo lj?4 ;ª\3if{ ug{ g;Sg] kfqsf] ¿kdf pkl:yt 5g\ . >LsfGt gf/Laf6 k'?ifdfly x'g] u/]sf] cGofoaf6 kLl8t 5 t/ pm k'?if ePsf sf/0f :jM lg0f{o u/]/ cufl8 a9]sf] 5 . o; k|sf/ nf]xgL syfx¿df g]kfnL ;dfhdf ljBdfg n}ª\lus lje]bsf] oyfy{ lrq0f ul/Psf] eP klg pQm lje]b x6fO{ ;dtfd"ns ;dfh lgdf{0f tkm{ s'g} ;ª\s]t ul/Psf] kfOb}g .

;Gbe{u|Gy ;"rL

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pk|]tL, ;~hLj -@)^(_, l;4fGtsf s'/f, -rf}=;+=_, sf7df8f}F cIf/ ls|o;G; g]kfn . 9sfn, /hgL -@)&)_, ;f+:s[lts cWoogdf n}ªl\ ustf, e[s6 ' L, efu !(, k[=#@&–### . kf}8\ofn, Ps gf/fo0f -@)&)_, ;dfnf]rgfsf] :j¿k / k4lt, lrtjg M ljdz{ g]kfn . e§/fO{, /d]z -@)&^_, n}ªl\ us ;dfnf]rgf /Tg a[xt\ ;dfnf]rgf, -bf]=;+=_, -;Dkf=_ /fh]Gb| ;'jb] L / nId0fk|;fb uf}td, sf7df8f}F M /Tg k':ts e08f/, k[=@%(–@&# . nf]xgL, ;'dL-@)&^_, efjsf t/ª\u, sf7df8f}F M bLk>L ls|Pl6e ldl8of . ghimire.charubha@gmail.com àg/b]jL–@$, sf7df8f}F

96 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


/rgf M Ps zAb/]rg s[i0fb]j zAb;]gf l/dfn

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k|f0ffofd ubf{ leq tfg]sf] Zjf; aflx/ lgsfNg] k|lqmofaf]ws zAbnfO{ /]rg elgG5. ;flxlTos klqsfx¿n] o:t} /]rg u/]em}F nfU5 . zAb /]rg efj /]rg cflb ljleGg dfWodaf6 kf7snfO{ cfgGb lbG5g\ oL klqsfx¿n] . ;h{ssf] dgau}Frfdf dudufO/x]sf efjfTds /fufTds j}rfl/s tyf 1fgjw{s zAbk'ikx¿nfO{ cfkm"leq v}Fr]/ k|lqmofut k|zf]wg u/L /]rg ljlwdfkm{t\ cfd kf7saLr ;'nlnt kf7\o;fdfu|L k:sg] x'gfn] ;flxlTos klqsf k|sfzg ug{' zAb/]rg g} xf] . /rgfsf] !^%cf}F /]rg slj ;Ltf/fd pk|]tLåf/f o; kf7ssf] sd{sIf /Tgkfs{df ;txQ/ ;fpg rf}w ut] eof]. l;w} clGtdlt/ k'u]/ ;DkfbsHo"sf] kftf] kN6fPF . ef}lts ¿kdf ev{/} cf]em]n kg{'ePsf slj Pj+ uLtsf/ /T‍g ;dz]/ yfkfnfO{ cfwf/lzlj/af6 ;u/dfyf x]/]h:t} zAbsf dfWodaf6 cljlR5Gg lglg{d]if x]/]F. hf]sf]xL kf7snfO{ klg o; /f]rs ;DkfbsLon] yfkfk|ltsf] >4fefj cem ulx/f] agfpg]df k|i6 ePF .;flxTosf ljljw ljwfx¿ ;';Ël7t /rgfsf] of] cÍ lgs} :jflbnf] nfu]/ ToxL :jfbsf] aofg ub}{5'. ctM oxfF /rgf /]rg ljleGg v08df ul/Psf] 5 . oL /]rgx¿ o;/L leGbfleGb} JofVof ug{ ;lsG5.

w

s= sljtf uhn uLt d'Qms /]rg

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o; v08df uf]na4 P3f/ sljx¿df k|yd 5g\ x]6f}F8]nL slj ;fDa 9sfn. pgL eG5g\ xif{ljiffbdf GofocGofodf zAb af]N5g\. sljtf af]N5g\. sljtf klg gaf]n] sf] af]Ng] t < pgsf] of] k|Zgn] sljtfsf] prfO lgs} cUnf] agfPsf] 5. af]Ng] t sljtf dfq xf] . c? t r'krfk 5g\. o; sljtfn] kf7snfO{ af]Ng] pTk|]/0ff hflu|t ub{5.c;dsf slj 5qdfg ;'Aafn] a|Xdk'qsf] au/df 8'n]sf /x/x¿nfO{ zAbdfnfdf sljtf pg]sf 5g\. sljtfn] hLjgaf]w u/fpF5 eGg] 7fGg'x'G5 eg] Tof] sljtf oxL xf] h;n] clGtd ;Toaf]w u/fPsf] 5.csf]{ nf]sdf x'g] ldngsf] cfzfdf klg slt dflg; afFr]sf 5g\ eGg] af]w u/fPsf 5g\. k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 97


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;Ldfgfsf v]taf/LnfO{ sn]hf] eGg'x'g] slj 8Da/ l3ld/] clncln u/]/ Tof] sfl6Psf]df b'vL b]lvG5g\.hf]ufpg g;Sg]x¿k|lt cfqmf]lzt b]lvG5g\. uhnljwfdf of] k':tfsf s]xL gfd lng'kbf{ /f;fsf] gfd cfOxfN5. oxfF k|:t't pgsf] uhn klg k':tfsf] k|ltlglwd"ns nfU5 . eG5g\ e"sDkdf 9Ng] em'k|f] xf] ldgf/ xf]Og . ;;{lt{ x]bf{ t axQ/sf] e"sDkdf b]zsf] Psdfq ldgf/ 9n]s} xf] t. oL sljn] s] eg] eGg] nfU5 t/ Tof] p7\b} 5 em'k|fx¿ cem} ;'lt/x]s} 5g\ . uhn o'uaf]ws 5. k7gLo 5. l;tf/fd pk|]tLsf] w/x/f plePsf] 5 . w/x/f :jod\ cGof]ndf 5 . klxn] ljnf;L eP/ cfkm" pleg] xf] ls em'k|f]sf] 5fgf] eP/ hgftf hf]ufpg] xf] . ldlynf b]jsf]6fsf] cg'i6'k 5Gbdf n]lvPsf] ;j{bf xfF;b} u/ zLif{ssf] sljtfdf ;o jif{ k'u]sf /fi6«sljsf] u'0fufg ul/Psf] 5.o:tf] k/Dk/fn] kf7sdf cu|hsf] u'0f ;Demg'k5{ eGg] efjsf] ljsf; x'G5. eujtL a:g]ts[t r/f e'hËk|oft 5Gbdf n]lvPsf] pkb]zd'ns sljtf xf] . of] pkb]z kfng ug{ ;s] kf7s efUodfgL x'G5 . hfg" sfDafË lnDa"n] n]V‍g'ePsf] k|]ldn uLtdf k|s[ltsf laDax¿ c;/Nn 5g\.x/fPsf] k|]d k'gM kms]{/ cfPsf]df uLtsf/ bË l5g\ . /]s8{ eof] eg] >f]tf klg bË kg]{5g\. /rgf klqsfsf cfb/0fLo kf7sju{nfO{ Ps k|Zg – s] tkfO{F xfF:g'ePsf] 5 < kSs} klg xfF:g'ePsf] 5 . t/ s:tf]s:tf] kl/l:ylt / kl/j]zn] tkfO{+nfO{ xF;fof] xf]nf eGg] rfxLF tkfOFn] lal;{;Sg'eof] xf]nf. s]xLnfO{ s'g} xfF;f] ;Demgf klg xf]nf . t/ tkfOFsf] xfF;f]sf] k|sf/ ;d"n ;Demg rfxg'x'G5 eg] /rgf !^% cf}F cÍ lemSg'xf];\ / d]l/Nof08 cd]l/sf a:g] slj k|bLk yklnofsf] cfh d xfF;]+ eGg] sljtf Psk6s km]l/ k9\g'xf];\ . sf]zL lsgf/f ;'g;/Lsf slj gf/fo0f lg/f}nfn] zb"n '{ ljqmLl8t 5Gbdf n]V‍g'ePsf] d]/f] dg zLif{ssf] sljtf cfd kf7ss} dg xf].cem cfd sljsf] dgsf] k|ltlglw xf] hf] k};f sdfpg 5f]8/] n]V5 . k};f sdfpg] ctL{x¿;Fu dg df]8/] n]V5 . sljtf v08sf clGtd sljsf ¿kdf r}gk'/] slj lbnLk >]i7n] kfk zLif{s /fv]/ tLg d'Qms n]V‍g'ePsf] 5.oBkL uhn d'Qmsdf zLif{s /fV‍g] rng plt b]lv+bg } . h] xf];\ kfkLx¿sf] kfksd{sf] aofg u/L To;af6 ;hu /xg kf7sju{nfO{ d'Qmssf/ ;'emfj k|:t't ug{ ;Ifd b]lvG5g\ .

v= syf n3'syf /]rg /rgfsf] bf];|f] v08n] kf7skfs{df cfV‍ofg/]rg ub{5 . xf] dL7f syf / n3'syf . s]bf/ ;+s]tn] n]v]sf] ;DaGw gfds syf klZrdL njh / efje"lddf kf]lvPsf] ePtfklg g]kfnL ;dfhdf klg o;sf afl56fx¿ 98 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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k|z:t} b]lvG5g\. ;f}t]gL dfDnf] / ;DklQsf sf/0f dflg;n] s;/L cfˆgf] hLjg;fyLsf] xTof;Dd ug{ k'U5g\ eGg] bb{gfs syf xf] of] .syf k9\bf syfsf/ k"jL{o ;fdflhs dgf]lj1fgåf/f l;+lrt / klZrdf ;+:s[lt;Fu cg'3'lnt x'g\ ls h:tf] nfU5 t/ syfsf/sf] 7]ufgf klqsfdf pNn]v ePsf] b]lvb}g. km]l/ klg ;f}t]gL dfdnfsf] s'/f p7fpg'eof] O6x/L afnu|fdrf]ssL syfsf/ /Ltf tfd|fsf/n] glvlrPsf] lel8of]dfkm{t\ . ;f}t]gL dfdnf ePtfklg s]bf/sf] syfdf jo:s kL8f lyof] /Ltfsf] syfdf afnkL8f . s]bf/sf] syf b'vfGt / /Ltfsf] syf ;'vfGt . afnu|fdrf]s jf;L x'gfn] g} syfsf/df :yfgLo /ª ;/]sf] x'g;S5. lgb{oLkgsf] slt ltSv/ klxrfg u/]sL cfxf ÛÛ ;h{s sygL / s/gLdf ;fb[Zo x'g'k5{ eGg] lhpFbLhfUbL k|df0f x'g\ /Ltf . ;h{s ;dfhdf slt ulx/f];Fu 3'Ng ;S5 eGg] tfhf k|df0f xf] of] . s]xL jif{otf kl9Psf] syfdWo] ;jf]{Ts[i6 syf xf] of] . syfsf/ :jod\ pmhf{do kfqsf ¿kdf k|:t't ePsL of] syf cfhsf syfk|]dLx¿n] cjZo k9\g'kg]{ syf xf] . syfsf] clGtd cg'R5]bdf glvlrPsf] lel8of]n] s;/L ;dfhnfO{ kl/jt{g u/]sf] eGg] s'/f 5n{Ë x'G5. olt /fd|f] syf k|sfzg ul/lbPsf]df /rgfnfO{ xflb{s cfef/ x}. b]ljsf ltdlN;gf dflg;sf] lrQleq} k;]/ ;~‍rf]la;~‍rf] kQf nufpg ;Sg] n3'syfsf/ x'g\. g]kfnL ;dfhn] j[4j[4fdfly u/]sf] jrgsf af0fx¿nfO{ ;"Idflt;"Id zAbx¿åf/f e]bg ul/Psf] ;~‍rf]la;~‍rf] Pp6f dL7f] syf xf] .;dsfnLg k':tfsf k|v/ ;|i6f Pjd\ ;~rf/sdL{ 5lj/d0f l;njfnsf] 6'6'Nsf] g]kfnL ;8sdf kf]lvPsf] n3'syf xf]. pgn] ;8saf6 kfqnfO{ rt'¥ofOFk"0f{ z}nLaf6 p7fP/ s;/L c:ktfn k'¥ofP eGg] b]V‍g ;lsG5. olb To:tf] t/Lsf gckgfOPsf] eP kfqn] >[ª\vnfa4 ¿kdf cfly{s gf]S;fgL a]xf]g{'kb{Yof] . eljtJodf ckgfpg'kg]{ pkfo ;'emfpg'x'g] syfsf/ l;njfnfO{ xflb{s cfef/ . syfv08d} /x]sf] csf]{ Pp6f syf xf] lbnf zfxsf] e|d. e|dleq of}ghlgt dgf]lj1fg c;/Nn 5.cl3Nnf] k':tfsf] k'?ifåf/f cltqmldt of}g pTs07f / kl5Nnf] k':tfsf] gf/Ls]lGb|t of}g pT;h{gnfO{ syfsf/ lbnf zfxn] b'a} k':tfsf pko'Qm kfq l;h{gf u/]/ k|i6 kf/]sL 5g\. e|d kl9;s]kl5 syfsf/ lbnf zfxnfO{ ;dsfnLg k':tfsL ;kmn of}g dgf]j}1flgs syfsf/ dfGg ;lsG5. syfsf/ lbnfnfO{ pHjn eljiosf] z'esfdgf . ch{'g yfkf s]xL lbgsf ;kgf zLif{s ePsf] jo:s of}gdgf]lj1fgdf cfwfl/t syf lnP/ cfPsf 5g\. of}gKof;n] 56kl6PsL gf/L Ps kfq k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 99


co m

l5g\ . Tof] s'/f k6Ss} ga'‰g] hF8\ofxf nf]Ug] 5 . kl5Nnf] ;dodf ToxL nf]Ug] hf]uL kfq ag]sf] 5 . ;fu/ Pp6f k|]ldn k/k'?if xf] . s]xL lbg pm;Fusf] /f]dfG;kl5 dg a'emfP/ ;fdflhs dof{bfdf kms]{sL Tof] gf/Lkfqsf] ;"Id of}lgstfnfO{ vf]tn]sf syfsf/ ch{'g zAbrogdf eg] st} lrlKnPsf] efg x'G5 . Ps 7fpFdf n]v]sf 5g\ – ?vsf] l8naf6 . ljifoj:t' p7fg ug{ rfxLF syfsf/ cAan b]lvPsf 5g\ . syfsf/ bLks nf]xgLsf] bLks / bLksx¿ zLif{s ePsf] n3'syfn] tyfslyt lkt[;Qfsf] ljb|"k :j¿k pbfËf] kf/]sf] 5 . pQ/cfw'lgs gf/Lx¿df sygL / s/gLaLrsf] vf8n lgs} km/flsnf] x'Fb} uPsf] 5 . ;dfhdf km:6fPsf] n}lËs lx+;f dfl;g'kg]{ / lx+;f /lxt ;fdflhs ;+/rgf lgdf{0f x'g'kg]{df k|ltzf]wd"ns z}nLdf n}lËs lx+;f k'?if lx+;fdf ¿kfGtl/t x'g yfn]sf] 5 . syfsf/ nf]xgL o:tf ldlxg ljifodf syf n]V‍g ;Sg] v"jLjfg\ syfsf/ /x]5g\ .

u= n]v lgaGw /]rg

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;dfnf]rs /fh]Gb| ;'j]bLn] dbgdl0f bLlIftnfO{ u'8afO{ ug{ n]V‍g'ePsf] n]vn] dbgdl0fnfO{ yk lrgfpg] / yk lhpFbf] agfpg] k|oT‍g ePsf] 5 . olt ;fgf] cfn]vdf dbgdl0fsf s[ltut / k|j[lQut ljz]iftfnfO{ k|:t't ug{ ;Sg' ;'j]bLsf] j}lzi6\o g} xf] . …Zj]tsfnLÚnfO{ ;'j]bLn] …;f+:s[lt lgaGw ;ª\u|xÚ eGg'ePsf] 5 . t/ of] syf ;ª\u|xsf ¿kdf k|sflzt k':ts xf] Û olQ Wofgfsif{0f u/fpg' cfjZos 7flgof] Û pk|fGt t:d} >L u'/j] gdM eGg'x'Fb} lgdf]{xL Jof; cfˆgf u'?x¿k|lt cfef/sf zAbx¿ cleJoQm ug{'x'G5 . ljz]if u/L dfwj df8\;fadf s]lGb|t /x]/ ul/Psf] u'? dlxdf ;fFRr} jGbgLo 5 . o; cfn]vdf la;sf] bzsb]lv otfsf] g]kfnL ;flxTosf] ljifodf klg rrf{ ul/Psf] 5 . o; cfn]vn] gj;h{sx¿df cu|hx¿k|lt cg'u|lxt x'g'k5{ eGg] efj hufPsf] 5 . slt dflg;x¿ csf{sf] vfP/ lgl:kmqmL lx+l8/x]sf 5g\ . t/ ;Hhgx¿ csf{sf] ltg{' 5 eg] r}gn] lgbfpg ;Sb}gg\ „ w|js'df/ ;fksf]6fn] n]V‍g'ePsf] d'lQm syfdf OdfGbf/ dflg;sf] dgdf p C0fL x'g g;Sbfsf] 56k6LnfO{ b]vfOPsf] 5. tkfOF klg O{dfGbf/ x'g'x'G5 eg] of] ;+:d/0f cfˆg} xf] ls eGg] e|ddf klg kg{ ;Sg'x'G5 . oxfF csf]{ ;+:d/0f k9\g kfOG5 /f}tx6sf ;|i6f dfwj sfˆn]sf] xnuf]? . Psflt/ xnuf]? g} a]r]/ ;flxlTos ultljlw ug{'kg]{ csf]{lt/ ;flxTos} gfddf /fHon] 7"n} /sd vr{g] k|j[lQ 5 . o:t} cj:yfsf] lrq0f o; ;+:d/0fdf ul/Psf] 5. /rgfsf] of] cÍdf Pp6f JoË\o klg 5 . kf]v/fsf ;|i6f k|f= r"8fdl0f 100 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


vgfnsf] xf] of] . cln ;f}Gbo{af]ws nfUof] . ¿kfhLjf gfdsL e§L k;NgL kfq l5g\ . pgsf] ¿knfj0o / afgLAoxf]/fsf] rrf{ 5 . kfqsf] pd]/ 3s]{sf]df JoË\osf/nfO{ cln s:tf]s:tf] nfu]sf] 5 . a'‰g'ef] lg s'/f Û

3= 1ftJo /]rg

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uB klg sljtf xf]Og kB klg sljtf xf]Og. tL b'j} dfWod x'g\ . uB kB eGbf dfly sljtf x'G5 . d}n] k9]sf] /rgfsf] o; cÍdf 1ftJo eg]/ la/f6gu/sf ;|i6f cf]d cfrfo{n] slj l;l4r/0f >]i7;Fu @)$# ;fndf lng'ePsf] Pp6f b'n{e cGt/jftf{ 5flkPsf] 5 . xf] ToxL cGt/jftf{df sljHo"n] JoQm ug{'ePsf] xf] sljtfsf ;Gbe{df oL cleJolQm . of] cGt/jftf{ jxfFx¿nfO{ k9\g l;kmfl/; ub{5' h;n] uB sljtf of kB sljtf eg]/ cf]7 lrKNofpF5g\ .

s.

ª= ;dLIff /]rg

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ljleGg n]vsx¿n] n]v]sf ;flxlTos s[ltx¿sf] ;fËf]kfËf] h/f]lsnf] efj cy{ cflb vf]tnvftn u/]/ ;dLIfsx¿ 7fs'/ zdf{ e08f/L, lji0f'k|;fb zdf{ k/fh'nL / o'j/fh clwsf/Ln] ;dLIff /]rg ug{'ePsf] 5 . b]jLk|;fb ;'j]bLsf] Sofg8f :d[ltljDax¿nfO{ e08f/Ln] ;dLIff ug{'eof] . ;dLIfs e08f/L ;dLIff ubf{ tLg s'/fdf ljz]if Wofg lbg'x'Fbf]/x]5 . klxn] s[ltsf/sf] kl/ro u/fpg] bf];|f] s[ltsf] cGto{sf] rrf{ ug]{ / t];|f] :jwf/0ffåf/f s[ltsf] ck/]zg ug]{ . x]ds'df/ uf}tdsf] kß 9sfn cleGbg u|Gy k/fh'nLn] ;dLIff ug{'eof] . o;n] u|Gy k9\g] df}sf gkfPsf kf7snfO{ c;d-ef/t_sf kfsf ;|i6f kß 9sfnsf] ;+lIfKt kl/ro k|fKt ug]{ df}sf k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L ;'nf]rgf dfgGw/ lwtfnsf] cg'e"ltsf yf]kfx¿ eGg] sljtf ;ª\u|nfO{ clwsf/Ln] ;dLIff ug{'ePsf] 5 . lwtfnsf] sljTjsf s]xL kf6fx¿ oxfF yfxf kfpg ;lsG5 . clGtd kftf]df 5flkPsf] zlz zfxsf] t"lnsfn] jt{dfg dfxfd/Lsf] ljb|k" :j¿knfO{ Joª\Uo lrqdfkm{t\ b]vfPsf] 5 . /d]z uf]vf{nLn] k|:t't ug{e ' Psf] b'vb jif{ @)&^ klg ;flxlTos hfgsf/L /fV‍g vf]Hg]x¿sf nflu dxTjk"0f{ ;fdu|L x'g ;S5 . ;du|df /rgfsf] o; cÍn] /]rg u/]sf ;fdfu|L k7gLo dggLo / ;+ki]| f0fLo 5g\. tdfd kf7ssf tkm{af6 /rgfnfO{ xflb{s cfef/ Û  kdrimal@gmail.com

k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 101


dxfg\ k|fl1s lje"ltk|lt >4fr{g Û

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jt{dfg g]kfnL jfª\dosf dxQd JolQmTj, g]kfnL sfJo ;+;f/sf pRrtd lzv/ ;|i6f, g]kfnL uLlt If]qsf k|sfzjfg\ gIfq /fi6«slj dfwj l3ld/]sf] ef}lts pkl:ylt cj xfdLaLr /x]g . ndh'ªsf] k':t'g ufpFdf lj=;+=!(&^ c;f]h & ut] hGdg'ePsf dwj l3ld/]n] !)! jif{sf] pd]/df @)&& ebf} @ ut] sf7df8f}+df b]x Tofu u/] . ztflws pd]/ afFr]sf /fi6«slj l3ld/]sf] lgwgaf6 g]kfnL ;flxTo hutdf lgs} 7"nf] l/Qmtf cfPsf] 5 . ;b"/ kxf8sf] cgsG6f/ ufpFsf] ;fdfGo kl/jf/df hGd]sf oL sljn] lgs} 7"nf] ;fwgf, ;+3if{ / >dåf/f ljnIf0f k|ltef;DkGg dxfg\ sfJo ;fws JolQmTjsf] lgdf{0f cfkm}+n] u/] . k':t'g ufpFsf] cgs06f/ eL/ kfvfdf cfly{s cefju|:t kl/jf/df hGd]sf cj;/ / ;DefjgfxLg JolQm g]kfnL efiff ;flxTo hutsf] lzv/ k'¿if aGg' dfwj l3ld/]sf] cfˆgf] ;+3if{zLn JolQmTjs} k|ltkmn xf] . 9'Ëfsf] sfk kmf]/]/ klg pd|G5 kLkn ;[hgf zlQm ;+;f/df s}No} x'b}g ljkmn Û dfwj l3ld/]sf] JolQmTj lgdf{0fnfO{ pg}sf oL k+lQmn] rl/tfy{ u/]sf 5g\ . lgZro g} 9'Ëfsf] sfk kmf]/]/ pd]|sf ;[hgzLn kLkn x'g\ pgL . dfwj l3ld/] k|v/ /fi6«jfbL, dfgjtfjfbL k|s[ltjfbL / qmfGtb|i6f slj x'g\ . pgsf oL k+lQm x]/f}+ . dL7f] vfg dnfO k'U5 s;/L < k'Ub}g kL7f] hxfF ;'VvL aGg ToxfF dnfO gk/f];\, 5g\ nfv b'MvL hxfF s] afn"F 3/df d alQ, em'k8L ?G5g\ cFWof/f hxfF d]/f] :ju{ /r"F ToxfF d s;/L < 5g\ ;j{xf/f hxfF .. dfwj l3ld/] oyfy{jfbL dfq xf]OgÙ u/La / lgd'vfsf kIfw/ ;j{xf/fjfbL slj klg x'g\ eGg] k|dfl0ft u/]sf 5g\ oL sljtf k+lQmn] . cfhLjg lg/Gt/ ;[hgf/t /x]/ g]kfnL ;flxTonfO{ ;d[4 kf/] /fi6«slj l3ld/]n] . n]vgfy, nIdLk|;fb, afns[i0f h:tf g]kfnL jfª\dosf dxf:tDex¿s} ;xofqL ;|i6f lyP dfwj l3ld/] . dfwj l3ld/]sf] lgwgaf6 g]kfnL jfª\dosf] 102 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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:jl0f{d o'usf] Ps :tDe g} 9n]sf] cg'e"lt ;flxTo hut\df e}/x]5 . dfwj l3ld/]n] n]v]sf lyPÙ So} sfd gf}nf] gu/L ghfpF csfnd} x] d d/L ghfpF cfo'io b]pm / eljio b]pm d leq hLjGt dg'io b]pm Û oL sljtf k+lQmn] af]n]h:t} hLjg afFr] pgL . ztflws cfo'df klg ;[hgf/t /x]/ …CtDe/fÚ dxfsfJonfO{ k"0f{tf lbP . hLjgsf] clGtd cj:yf;Dd klg ;fwgf/t /x]/ /lrPsf] o; dxfsfJosf] k|sfzg klg Pp6f P]ltxfl;s k|fl1s 36gf aGg] 5 . k/Gt';Dd g]kfnL dg / df6f]df afFlr/xg] ;fdYo{ ePsf /fi6«slj dfwj l3ld/] k|f/De b]lv g} …/rgfÚ klqsfsf lxt}ifL lyP . pgsf sltko :d/0fLo ;[hgf k|sfzgsf] cj;/ …/rgfÚnfO{ k|fKt eof] . /fi6«sljsf] lgwg g]kfnL ;flxTo hut lglDt oyfy{df g} ck"/0fLo Iflt xf] eg] /rgf kl/jf/ lglDt JolQmut ¿kdf ;d]t lgs} 7"nf] Iflt xf] . /fi6«sf dxfg\ k|fl1s lje"lt /fi6«slj dfwj l3ld/]k|lt efjk"0f{ >4f~hln ck{0f ub}{ zf]s ;GtKt kl/jf/ hgdf xflb{s ;xfg'e"lt k|s6 ub{5f}+ .

w .k

Dfbg k'/:sf/ k':tsfnosf] cg'/f]w

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oxfFåf/f lnlvt, k|sflzt tyf ;Ílnt g]kfnL efiffsf ;fdu|Lx¿ dbg k'/:sf/ k':tsfnonfO{ pknAw u/fOlbg'xf];\, xfdL tL ;fdu|L oxfFsf efjL ;Gtlt / cfufdL k':tfsf nflu ;'/lIft /fVg]5f}+ . xfdL;Fu #&,))) k':ts, %^,)) kqklqsf, !%,))) krf{–kDkn]6, @,))) cl8of]–lel8of], %),))) kmf]6f], tyf !@),))) k[i7 kf08'lnlkx¿ ;'/lIft 5g\ .

dbg k'/:sf/ k':tsfno kf]:6 aS; g+=$@, kf6g9f]sf, nlntk'/ Email : info@mpp.org.np

kmf]g g+= )!–%%$(($* k"0ff{Í – !^^

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

/rgf ÷ 103


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zlz zfxsf] t"lnsf

104 ÷ /rgf

ebf}+–c;f]h -@)&&_

k"0ff{Í – !^^


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