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s'/f] ev{/}sf] xf] . To;}n] o;nfO{ syf egf}+ ls 36gf < :d/0f egf}+ ls hLjgL< h] egf}+ of h;/L a'emf}+ s'/f]sf] r'/f] 36gf xf]. dnfO{ gn]vL lrQ} a'em]g n]Vg a;]+. of] syf xf] ev{/} dfq ePsf] Pp6f lax]sf]. To;f] t ;+;f/df To:tf lax]x¿ c¿ gePsf eg] xf]Ogg\. ljjfx ;dfhsf] /Llt g} xf]. ;Eo ;dfhsf] cË dflgG5 ljjfxnfO{. To;}n] ;+;f/sf s'gf s'gfdf /x]sf k|To]s dflg;x¿n] ljjfx ub{5g\. k|foM g]kfnL ;dfhdf lax] ubf{ cUnf] afF;df Wjhf ktfsfsf 8f]/Lx¿ afFw]/ cfFugsf] aLrdf ufl8G5 / tL 8f]/Lx¿nfO{ rf/}lt/ afFlwG5. clg åf/ klg /fd|/L ;hfpg] jf c:yfoL åf/ agfpg] rng klg 5. o:tf k|sf/n] ljjfxsf ;fdfGo k|lqmofx¿ k"/f eO;s]sf lyP. ToxfF ;a} hgf s]xL g s]xL ul//x]sf lyP. d 9'Ssn] oL ;a} x]/]/ ;'g]/ bË kl//x]sf] lyPF. d's'Gbn] Jof;af6 syf eg]em}+ wf/fk|jfx af]ln/x]sf] ;'lgGYof]Ù o;nfO{ sNof0ff]T;j klg elgG5. o;sf] jf:tljs gfd rfxL+ ljjfx aGwg g} xf]. o;}n] ;dfhnfO{ afFw]/ /fv]sf] x'G5. ;+;f/sf cg]s hflt, wd{, k/Dk/f, To;sf sfo{z}nL tyf cfly{s x}l;otsf cfwf/df cfcfˆg} t/Lsf 5g\ ljjfx ug]{ / To;sf k|sf/x¿ lgs} 5g\. k|frLg sfndf ljjfxsf cf7 e]b dflgGy], tL x'Gf\ a|fXd -b'a} kIfsf] ;xdlt e}sg x'g] ljjfx_, b}j -s'g} wfld{s sfo{df sGofbfg u/L ul/g] ljjfx_, k|fhfkTo -sGofsf] ;xdlt ljgf g} cflehfTo ju{df ul/g] ljjfx_, cfif{ -sGof kIfsfnfO{ k};f lbO{ ;fdfGotM uf}bfg u/L ul/g] ljjfx_, ufGwj{ -kl/jf/sf] ;xdlt ljgf g} s'g} kf/Dkl/s /Llt ljgf ul/g] ljjfx_, /fIf; -sGofsf] ;xdlt ljgf ckx/0f u/L ul/g] ljjfx_, cf;'/sGofnfO{ lsg]/ ul/g] ljjfx, k}zfr -sGofsf] dbxf]zL, lgb|f cflb cj:yf cyjf b'a{n ePsf] cj:yfdf zf/Ll/s ;DaGw agfO{ To;kl5 ul/g] ljjfx_ . dg otfTotf uP klg oL cgf}7f h:tf nfUg] s'/f d ;'lg/x]sf] lyPF. ;fy} c¿sf ukm ;'GgnfO{ 3'ldlkml/ dg Totf k'Ug] uYof]{. clg d ;f]Rby]+–d]/f] ljjfx s'g cGtu{t k5{ < Tof] kl5 5'6\ofpFnf. of] cln cs}{ k|sf/sf] 5 t/ gf}nf] xf]Og. xfd|f] g]kfnL ;dfhsf] ljjfx dfuL / efuL u/L b'O{ k|sf/sf 5g\ To;eGbf leGg 5 of] ljjfx. efuL ljjfx eg]/ clxn] rn]sf] ljjfx k"0ff{Í – !^@

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r}+ jf:tjdf :jo+j/ ug{' -r'Gg'_ xf]. kf}/fl0fs sfndf s'g} klg k|sf/n] w]/} k'?ifx¿nfO{ lgdGq0ff lbO{ -k|foM IfqLo ;dfhdf_ sGofnfO{ j/ /f]Hg nufpg] rng /x]5. csf]{ rng s'g} k|ltof]lutf ljho u/] afkt\ To; k'?ifnfO{ j/0f ug]{ lgod ePsf] klg kf}/fl0fs syfx¿df k|z:t} kfOG5g\. To:tf k|ltof]lutf sGof ljjfxs} lglDt /flvPsf x'Gy], ;fy} sGof x/0f ug]{ rng klg /x]5 To;;dodf. x'g;S5 Tof] rng sfnfGt/df cfPsf] xf];\. x/0f ug]{ rng eg] cem} klg lxdfnL If]qdf hLljt b]Vg kfOG5. To:t} b|f}kbLn] em}+ kfFr klt dfGg] k/Dk/f klg st} hLljt /x]sf] ;'Gg kfOG5. dfuL ljjfx klg b'O{ k|sf/sf 5Gf\ tfdemfdsf ;fy ul/g] / 6Lsf6fnf]d} l;Wofpg]. /f]rstfn] el/Psf] Pp6f crDdsf] cfglGbt syf /x]5 ljjfx, h;n] u5{ To;}n] yfxf kfpF5. d's'Gb af]ln/x]s} lyP–cfxf Sof cfgGbsf] hLjg Û s:tf] /dfOnf] If0f Û hLjg¿kL uf8Lsf] b'O{ kfª\/f agfpg' xf] ljjfx eg]sf]. afFr'~h]n ef/L af]Sof] lxFl8/Xof]. a'‰g]n] hLjgsf] ;'udtf a'em] klg x'G5. hLjg / ljjfxsf] ;fdLKo ;DaGw x'G5 . ;fdflhs k/Dk/f Pp6f cfwf/ dfq xf]. cfjZostf cs}{ s'/f] xf]. hLjgnfO{ Jojl:yt agfpg] Pp6f ;'ud pkfo t xf] t/ Joj:yf ldnfpg ghfg] jf gldn] o;n] b'u{dtf klg pAhfpF5 / hLjgnfO{ emg sl7g agfpFb5. o;/L d's'Gbsf s'/f d ;'lg/x]sf] lyPF, To;}n] d ;f]Rg k'u]5' . o; ljjfxn] d]/f] eljionfO{ s:tf] c;/ kfnf{ Tof] eljios} ue{df 5fl8lbG5' clxn]. of] lglZrt xf] PSnf] hLjg klg ;do laTb} hfFbf cN9\ofË|] kf/fsf] x'Fb} hfG5, olb p;df 1fgsf] k|sfzk'~h k|:km'l6t ePsf] 5}g eg]. of] syf kl9/xFbf sltnfO{ b'Mv klg nfUg ;S5 eg] s;}nfO{ cfgGb cfpnf. s;}n] ?lr k"j{s k9\nfg\ t s;}n] aLr}af6 5fl8b]nfg\. d s;}sf] JolQmut :jtGqtfsf] xggug]{ kIfdf 5}gF. clxn] d o; sf/0fn] of] n]Vb}5' tf ls d}n] klxn] of] s'/f n]Vg] df}s} kfOgF clg d}n] ;"rgf klg t ug{' g} lyof] lgÛ d}n] klxn] g} ;"rgf ug{'kYof]{ c¿n] em}+ Tof] ;Dej ePg. ;fyL xf] cfO{ Pd\ ;l/ n Û d]/f] ljjfx crfgs x'g uof]. d}n] ;"rgf;Dd ug]{ df}sf kfOgF, hGtL nfg] t s'/} 5fl8\bpmF. ef]h kf6L{sf] s'/f /Xof] Tof] x'Fb} u5{ lrGtf glng". tkfO{+x¿ rfxg'x'Gg eg] awfO;d]t glbg'xf];\ t/ hah{:tL jf afWotfdf k7fOlbPsf] awfO{ / pkxf/ d :jLsf/ ug]{jfnf 5}gF. of] s'/f kSsf ;lDemg'xf];\ ls tkfO{+x¿n] k7fOlbPsf awfO{ / pkxf/x¿ en} d lkmtf{ gu/f}+ , :jLsf/ ul/Psf] x'g] 5}g. w'nf], kfgL, 3fd / zLtsf ;fy xfjfdf sfjf vfFb} OG6/g]6sf] d}bfgdf ltgn] k"/} pd]/ s6fpg' kg]{5. clg of] ;a} rflx+ awfO{df afWotfsf] uGw cfof] eg] dfq x}.

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d a]x'nfsf] ¿kdf udSs eP/ a;]sf] lyPF. d]/f 5]p5fpm cg]s ljrf/sf dfG5]x¿ otfTotf ul//x]sf lyP. ToxfF s]xL a'l4hLjL ljåfgx¿ rrf{ ul//x]sf lyP . ;dfh :jo+ afFlwPsf] 5 To;}n] pm c¿nfO{ klg afFWg rfxG5 / k|foM afFw]/} 5f8\5. of] k|s[lt / ;dosf] lgod xf] o;nfO{ s;}n] abNg ;Sb}g. dnfO{ klg afFWof] . d}n] dgdgd} ;f]r]+. x'g t d k|s[ltsf] lgodnfO{ r'gf}tL lbP/ a;]sf] dfG5] klg lyOgF g t s;}nfO{ b]vfpg rfxGy]+ ls d}n] eLid k|tL1f lnPsf] 5', cflb. efjgfsf pRr wjn z}n>[ª\ vnfx¿df ;;fgf q'l6n] klg lgSs} 7"nf] cfxt k'¥ofpFb5g\. . o; 36gfn] klg s;}nfO{ cfxt k'¥ofO/x]sf] xf]nf, clxn]nfO{ d dfkmL dfUgeGbf c¿ s]xL klg ug{ ;lSbgF. To;a]nf dnfO{ cleefjs eP em}+ Ps k|sf/sf] cfgGb / uj{sf] cg'e"lt eO/x]sf] lyof]. Tof] ;do clåtLo If0f h:tf] nflu/x]Yof] . zfob\ To; cj:yfdf ;a}nfO{ To:t} g} x'G5 xf]nf. d To;a]nf dugd:t eP/ cfkm}+df x/fO/x]sf] lyPF / ToxfFaf6 lg:sg dg nflu/x]s} lyPg. To;a]nf cfFvfn] b]v] hlt ;a} j:t' /fd|f nfUy] / ;a} dflg;x¿ cfkm" hlQs} v';L xf]nfg\ eGg] nfUbf] xf] dnfO{. ;fFRr} eGg' kbf{ oL ;a} s'/f ;f]Rg] km';{b d]/f] a'l4nfO{ lyPg. d]/f] a'l4 cef}lts ;+;f/df kf}8L v]ln/x]sf] lyof] eg] dg sNkgfsfzdf pl8/x]sf] lyof]. To;a]nf d dgu9Gt] sNkgfdf /ld/x]sf] x'Fbf] x'F. To; cj:yfdf ;a}nfO{ p:t} x'Fbf] xf] olb afWotfdf k/]sf 5}gg\ eg]. Psflt/ aGw'afGwj, Oi6ldq, 5/l5d]sL ;a} g} /dfO/x]sf b]lvGy]. oL ;a} 36gf d]/f cfFvf cufl8 3l6t eO/x]sf lyP. d cfgGbdf lyPF. d Pp6f s';L{df al;/x]sf] lyPF. To;sf] jl/kl/ 3fO{3fO{+ 3'O{+3'O{+ ug]{sf] sdL t lyPg t/ To;nfO{ klg pl5g]/ kNnf]kl§sf] leQfsf] s'gf]af6 ofqf ub}{ cfPsf] cfOdfO{ dfG5]sf] af]nLsf] Pp6f em'08n] d]/f] sfgdf cfP/ lj>fd u¥of] . slQ g /fd|L s]6L lax] u5{' eg]/ a;]sf] lyof], l7s} dfq /lx5, stf xf] stf /fd|L t /lxg5] lgÛ s] o:tL s]6L x]/]sf] xf]nf c¿ s]6L g} gkfpg] hlQs}< crDdsf] 5 oL k9]sf egfpFbf dfG5]sf] a'l4 klg. v} logLx¿nfO{ k9]sf eGg' ls ;8]sf eGg' xf]. s] x]5{g\ x]5{g\. sd;] sd vfOnfUbL dfG5] t x]g{'k5{ lg xf}. lnv'/L g lnv'/L /lx5]. s]6Ln] lgs} k9]sL 5] c/] xf}. o:t} o:t} cfjfh cfO/x]sf lyP. d sfg 7f8f] kf/]/ ;'lg/x]sf] lyPF. d}n] klxn] s]6L b]v]sf] eP t lax] g} ug{ lbg] lyOgFÙ cfkm" :jKg;'Gb/L eP em}+ csL{n] ylkg\ . kftnL d/GRof;] /lx5, v} s] x]/]sf] xf] o;n] klgÙ cfx} Û u/L vfP t e} uf] lg Û csL{ dlxnfn] ylkg\. ckm;f];, aLr aLrsf o:tf sltko s'/fx¿ d}n] a'‰g} ;lsgF. tL cln lgs} g} uf]Kos'/f /x]5g\ Sof/] d]/f] dgn] ;f]Rof]. cfk;df 7]nD7]n ub}{ tL zAb d]/f sfg;Dd cfk'u]sf lyP. w]/} s]6L x]¥of] eg] klg o:t} x'G5 xf}. kf]xf]/ ;fn dfYnf ufpFsf] ;Gt]n] k"0ff{Í – !^@

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To;} ug]{ x'Fbf cfFvf sdhf]/ ePsL r:df nufpg] s]6L lax] ug{k¥of] . r:df nufpg] s]6Lsf] rfxL+ lax} gx'g' kg]{ hlQs} kf/fdf Pp6Ln] elgg\. /jLGb| ;/sf] g} x]g{' gÛ d'gfsf] nflu s'/f] rnfpFbf slQg /fd|L s]6L lax] u/f}+nf em}+ uy]{ . cln vf;v'; ub}{ csL{n] elgxflng\. clxn] hdfg} p:t} 5 s;}n] eg]sf] s;}n] ;'Gb}gGf\ . cfˆgf 5f]/f5f]/Ln] ;d]t dfGb}gg\. o:t} xf] efUodf h] n]v]sf] 5 ToxL x'G5 . cln lj/Qm kf/fdf :jo+ efluljjfx ug]{ dlxnfn] elgg\. pgsf] lj/lQmk"0f{ jrg ;'Gbf dnfO{ nflu/x]sf] lyof] ls To;a]nf pgL cfˆgf] p;a]nfsf] rlt{snf ;lDem/x]sL lyOg\. ;'g]sf] g;'g] em}+ u/L, s;}nfO{ s]xL gegL, ptfaf6 cfPsf tLtfdL7f zAbsf ;a} em'08x¿nfO{ ;s];Dd 5'6\g glbO{ dgn] afFw]/ /fVg] sf]lzz ul//x]sf] lyPF. dnfO{ cfZro{ nfUof] tL jfSo;d"xn] dnfO{g} lsg r'g] dfgf}+ c¿n] tL s'/} ;'g]sf 5}gg\. tL cfOdfO{x¿sf s'/f ;'Gbf dnfO{ 3l/3l/ xfF; p7\Yof] eg] 3l/3l/ /L; p7\Yof]. /L; gp7f];\ klg s;f]/L< s]6L x]g]{ d, ljjfx ug]{ d, hLjg latfpg' kg]{ d}n] ;fy} d]/f kl/jf/nfO{ klg vf;} cfklQ 5}g. clg d}n] dg k/fPsL s]6LnfO{ d]/} 3/df d]/} 5]pdf a;]/, To;df klg lax]s} lbg oqf] cfnf]rgf ul//xFbf. leQfsf klg sfg x'G5g\ eg]sf] oxL xf]. d}n] oL ;a} s'/f ;'lg/x]sf] 5' eGg] yfxf kfPsf eP ltgLx¿ o:tf s'/f ug]{ g} lyPgg\. clg h'?Ss p7]/ d ToxfF k'u]sf] eP pgLx¿sf] d'v aGb x'gsf ;fy} Pscfk;df ;a}n] ;a}nfO{ x]b}{ sf]xL cSs g aSs x'g]lyP eg] sf]xL nfh krfP/ s'/f a6fb}{ eGg] lyP–afa' s]xL vfg]< s]xL rflxPsf] lyof] ls< dfgf}+ d pgLx¿sf] 3/df s]xL dfUg] x]t'n] uPsf] x'F. sf]xL s'/f v':s]nf eGg] 8/n] p7]/ lxF8\y] klg xf]nf. d h:tL;'s} s]6L dg k/fpmF pgLx¿nfO{ s] dtnj< of] s:tf] dlxnf ;dfh xf]< hf] csL{ dlxnfsf] ljjfx h:tf] kljq sfo{s} lbg, v';Lsf] If0f, k|z+;f ug{' kg]{ lbgdf pN6} p;s} cfnf]rgf ul//x]sf 5g\ . h;nfO{ pgLx¿ laNs'n} hfGb}gg\. csf{sf] s'/f sf6\g] afgL ;fx|} gdHhfsf] /f]u xf] xfd|f] ;dfhsf]. æjfx /] dlxnf ;dfh ÛÆ dgdgdf ;f]lr/x]+ . oxfF;Dd ls d]/L k|0flotf eGbf sd ;'Gb/ nfUg] cfˆgL 5f]/L ePsL Ps dlxnf klg a9]/ s'/f ub}{ lyOg\. Tolt dfq t sxfF xf] / Ps b'O{ hgf t To; k|sf/sf] s'/f ug]{ cg'xf/;Dd gePsf lyP. cfˆgf] hLpsf] e}+;L gb]Vg]n] csf{sf] hLpsf] lnvf] b]Vg' eg]sf] oxL xf]. dfG5]n] k/]sf] a]nfdf x/]s s'/fsf] x]Ssf /fVb}g. g/fd|fx¿sf] cfnf]rgf ug{ t cfkm" lgs} ;'Gb/ ePsf] cxÍf/L g x'g'k¥of]. g/fd|fx¿n] g} t s] cfnf]rgf klg ug{' xf}. t/ of] xfd|f] ;dfh xf]. xfF:g'sf] sf/0f rflx+ cfˆgf dgdf cfPsf s'/f c¿nfO{ ;'gfpg tF5f8 / d5f8 u/] em}+ u/L pgLx¿n] af]Ng' xf]. To;}a]nf dnfO{ s;}n] af]nfP em}+ nfUof]. a]x'nf a]x'nL;Fu} a:g'kg]{ a]nf cfP5. rngrNtL cg';f/ s] s] rln/x]sf] lyof]. 24 ÷ /rgf

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xfdL a]x'nf a]x'nL;Fu} a:of}+, cfgGbn] dg 9Ss km'Nof]. d'6'sf] ult klg ;fljseGbf cln a9\of]. To;a]nf dnfO{ dx;"; eO/x]sf] lyof] ls d]/f] cg'xf/ /ftf] eO/x]sf] 5. d d':s'/fO{ /x]sf] lyPF. pgL k'n'sk'n's dnfO{ x]l//x]sL lyOg\. To;f] t d klg To;} g} ul//x]sf] lyPF. a'l4 lgZrn eP/ a;]sf] lyof]. zfob d]/L k|0fogLnfO{ klg To:t} eO/x]sf] x'Fbf] xf]. lsg gxf]:f\, cem} w]/} ePsf] lyof] xf]nf. pgL t emg csf{sf]- cfˆgf] gofF_ 3/df cfPsL lyOg\. xf], 3l/3l/ :kz{ x'Fbf c;Ld cfgGb x'Fbf]/x]5. s'g} g s'g} axfgfdf :kz{ eO/xGYof] clg d ;f]lr/xGy]+ of] If0f 6'6\b} g6'6f];\. To;a]nf ha cfFvf h'4y] clg ghflgFbf] kf/fsf] cfTdLotf af]w eP/ cfpFbYof], dfgf}+ xfdL k'/fgf kl/lrt xf}+. d tL cfFvfdf ckf/ k|]dsf] ;fu/ pln{/x]sf] b]Vby]+. To;a]nf dnfO{ ;+;f/ jf ;+;f/leGgsf s]xL s'/f klg Wofgdf cfO/x]sf] lyPg. k"hf eO/x]sf] lyof] t/ Wofgdf eujfg\ lyPgg\. dg To;} To;} km'?Ë eO/x]sf] lyof]. sNkgfdf xf];\ jf ;fd'Gg]df s]jn pgL dfq lyOg\. c¿ ;a} uf}0f aGb} uO/x]sf lyP. To;a]nf d pgn] ;':t km]/]sf] Zjf;sf] ultsf] rfk / pgsf] d'6'sf] w8\sg ;'lg/x]sf] lyPF dfgf}+ d}n] cfˆgf] sfg / pgsf] 5ftLdf :6]y]:sf]k nufPsf] 5'. jf:tjdf ljjfx eg]sf] b'O{hgfsf] hf]8L afFlwlbg] rng dfq xf]. To;}n] o;sf b]z sfn hflt wd{+ cj:yf / ;dfh cg';f/ ljleGg¿k x'G5g\. ljjfx h'g;'s} b]zdf, hfltdf jf wd{df xf]:f\, To;n] dgdf pTkGg u/fpg] u'b\u'bL, xiff]{Nnf; / cfgGb Pp6} x'G5. clg tL dgf]efjx¿ :qL k'?if b'a}df ;dfg lsl;dn] k|jflxt x'G5g\. d o:t} s] s] ;f]lr/x]sf] lyPF. bfOhf] t vf;} lbPsf /x]g5Gf\ . Pp6L dlxnfn] kNnf] ufpFsf] ;fg]bfOnfO{ v';'Ss eg]sf] s'/f] klg d eP 7fpFdf cfof] dfgf}+ cfh oL zAbx¿nfO{ d}n] u'Ktr/sf] ¿kdf v6fPsf] 5'. hxfF h;n] h] eg] klg cfP/ dnfO{ ;"lrt ul/lbG5Gf\, dfgf}+ ls pgn] lgSs} bfOhf] lnP/ cfPsL x'g\ jf cfˆgL 5f]/LnfO{ lgs} bfOhf] lbgdf ;Ifd l5g\. b'ef{Uon] pgL To; l:yltdf lyOgg\ . ;fg]bfOn] eg]Ù s]sf] bfOhf]sf] s'/f] ul//x]sL xf} ltdLn] klg hdfgf sxfF k'lu;Sof]. To;df klg k9]n]v]sf dfG5] x'g\ . gfy] ;DklQ ldn]/ sdfOxfN5g\ lgÛ ;;'/fnLn] lbPsf] ;DklQ slt g} lbg l6S5 / To;sf] cfzf u5{g\ t k9] n]v]sf dfG5]x¿n] < /jLGb| ;/n] slQ NofPsf lyP bfOhf] yfxf 5}g . tL dlxnfn] s'/f] ylkg\. ;fg]bfOn] eg]Ù 5f]/LnfO{ oyfzlQm lbP eg] pgsf] s] bf]if< pgn] dfu]sf] t x}g lgÛ k9] n]v]/ klg bfOhf]sf] cfzf ug]{ k'?if rflx+ d"v}{ xf]. k9]/ dfq x'Fb}g ljj]s rflxG5. w]/} gk9]sf eP klg ;fg]bfO lgs} a'‰emsL /x]5Gf\ . d}n] ;f]r]+ clg r'knfu]/ ;'Gg'eGbf d]/f] csf]{ s'g} ljsNk lyPg. oL ;a} s'/f ;'Gbf /L; lgSs} p7] klg a]x'nf] g} l/;fPkl5 lax] 3/sf] /f}gs g} l;l4G5 k"0ff{Í – !^@

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eg]/ d}n] cfˆgf] /L;sf] kf]sf] vf]n]sf] lyOgF. To;f] t d}n] ToxfF s'g} klg xfntdf /L;sf] Jofkf/ ug]{ cj:yf cfO;s]sf] lyPg / To;f] u/]sf] kIfdf 3f6f cfkm}+nfO{ nfUg] lglZrt lyof]. ;a} cfcfˆg} tfndf s'/f ul//x]sf lyP. s;n] s] eGb}5 s;}nfO{ dtnj lyPg. sf]xL Jo:t lyP eg] sf]xL km'Ssf lyP t/ ukm rfxL+ ;a}n] ul//x]sf lyP. sfd klg gefÚsf km';{b klg gefÚsf ljgfsfd] xfdL b'O{hgf lyof}+ clg xfd|f 5]pdf a:g] Psb'O{ hgf c¿ lyP . h;nfO{ sfdsf] nflu af]nfpFbf ;d]t hfFb}g lyP. pgL To;a]nf s] ;'lg/x]sL lyOg\ / s] s] ;f]Rb} lyOg\ dnfO{ yfxf 5}g. pgn] oL ;a} s'/f ;'lgg\ eg] pgnfO{ slt si6 xf]nf< x] eujfg\ Û pgsf] Wofg oL cgfjZos s'/flt/ ghfcf];\. ;'g]sL ePlg ga'em]sL x'Gf\, a'em]sL g} eP klg lal;{pGf\, gla;]{sL eP c¿sf s'/fnfO{ Wofg glbpGf\ . d}n] k|e';Fu dgdg} ljZjf;k"j{s oxL laGtL u/]+ dfgf}+ d]/} 5]pdf s[i0f al;/x]sf 5g\ / pgn] ;a} To;/L g} ul/lbG5g\ h;/L ls dxfef/tsf] o'4 x'g]a]nfdf ch{'gn] eg]sf] hlt u/]sf lyP. To;a]nf d}n] ;w}+ 3/df k"hf ug]{ eujfGfsf] :j¿knfO{ ;Dem]F, h'g t:jL/ af]Ng vf]lh/x] em}+ nfUb5. ToxfF pkl:yt k|foM ;a}hgf Jo:t x'g'sf ;fy} k|;Gg lyP. ;a}n] /fd|f sk8f nufPsf lyP. a'9fx¿sf] 6fpsf]df 9fsf 6f]kL 9Ns]sf] lyof]. bf}/f ;'¿jfn Psb'O{ hgfn] dfq nufPsf lyP. rf}aGbLrf]nL, kml/of / k6'sfsf] rng n'Kt k|foM ePsfn] xf]nf s;}n] nufPsf lyPgg\. ;6{ k]G6 / s'tf{ ;'?jfn nufpg] s]6Lx¿sf] ;+Vof nueu a/fa/ lyof]. eg] ljjflxtf dlxnfx¿df klg s'tf{ ;'?jfn / ;f/L rf]nf] nufpg]x¿sf] ;+Vof nueu a/fa/L g} b]lvGYof]. 6L ;6{ / k]06 nufpg] s]6f s]6Lx¿ klg k|z:t} lyP. ;;fgf gfgLx¿ km"nsf u'R5f h:tf b]lvGy]. cfFugsf] Pp6f 5]pdf k~r]afhf alh/x]sf] lyof]. dnfO{ ;gfO{sf] w'g c;fWo dgkg]{ ePsf] x'gfn] rf/rf/ cf]6f ;gfO{ dufOPsf] lyof]. g/l;Ëfsf] w'g klg plQs} dgk5{ dnfO{. d}n] klxn] g} pgLx¿nfO{ elg;s]sf] x'gfn] aLr aLrdf dËn w'gx¿ ahfpFbf ahfpFb} klg nf]slk|o ufgfx¿sf] nodf afhf ahfO/xGy]. To; sf/0fn] klg Tof] afhf lgs} ld7f] nfUg] ub{Yof]. k|foM ;a}hgf afhfsf] w'gdf u'Gu'gfO/x]sf x'Gy]. To; 6Ldsf] k|z+;f ;a}n] ul//x]sf lyP. pgLx¿n] ljjfx ;'¿ ePb]lv clGtd;Dd nuftf/ afhf ahfO/x]sf x'gfn] klg Psbd /f}gs 5fPsf] lyof] ToxfF. slt t ToxL afhfd} gflr/x]sf klg x'Gy]. afhfn] ;fFRr} dg 5f]Psf] lyof] ;a}sf]. xfd|f] ;+:s[lt k/Dk/f :ki6;Fu emlNs/x]sf] lyof]. s]6Ls]6Lb]lv a'9fa'9L;Dd ;a} g} em'lDdPsf lyP. TolQs}df 6f9faf6 cfPsf] Pp6f ylst jfSo;d"x z/0f dfUb} d]/} sfgdf cfP/ u'Gu'gfpg nfUof] . a]08afhf Nofpg] hdfgfdf 26 ÷ /rgf

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æxf]tO hNbL s? ‐x'G5 . l56f] ug'{;\_Æ Tof] em'Sof] . kmf]g /fVof] . To;sf a'af lxSsf 5f]8]/ /f]P . 5]p5fpsf la/fdL / s'?jfn] ;xfg'e"lt bzf{P . a'afnfO{ s;/L ;Demfpg], Tof] lg?kfo ePsf] lyof] . Tof] b'O{s¶f hUuf laqmLkZrft\ Tof] ;'s'Daf;Ldf kl/0ft x'g] lglZrt lyof] . o;n] To;sf] dgnfO{ s:tf] s:tf] agfPsf] lyof] . To;n] a'afsf] cg'xf/ k9\of] . a'af emg} Jolyt lyP . hUuf laqmL kZrft\ k|fKt x'g] Tof] /sd kof{Kt lyPg . yk k};f s;/L h'6fpg] < of] k|Zgn] To;nfO{ lrdf]l6/x]sf] lyof] . æckg] If]q s] dGqL xO{ . ;xof]u s] n]n x'gsf/f ;] e]6\nf k/ xf]tOÆ ‐cfˆg} If]qsf dGqL 5g\ . ;xof]usf lglDt pxfFnfO{ e]6\bf x'GYof]_Ælxhf] lht]Gb|n] eg]sf] ;lDemof] . To;nfO{ g]tfk|lt df]x / cfzf lyPg . Tffklg cfly{s hh{/tfn] lht]Gb|sf] ;Nnfxtkm{ ws]Ng yfNof] . dGqLnfO{ e]6\g] lgwf] u¥of] . ædGqL ;] e]6] hfO5L . hNbL xL nf}6]d ‐dGqLnfO{ e]6\g hfG5' . l5§} kmls{G5'_Æ To;n] a'afnfO{ eGof] . a'afn] s]jn 6\jfNn x]/] . To;n] af6f] ttfof] . Tof] dGqL lgjf; k'Ubf cf7 alh;s]sf] lyof] . To;n] k|x/LnfO{ gful/stf b]vfof] / cfpg'sf] tfTko{ v'nfof] . k|x/Lsf] Ps;sf]{ gh/n] tnb]lv dfly;Dd To;sf] z/L/nfO{ 5fDof] . ædfG5] e]6\g cfPsf 5g\,Æ Psn] leq kmf]g nufof] . ptfsf] cfjfhdf d'G6f] pFwf]pFef] u¥of] . æHffpm, kxn] kLPs] e]6f] xF,Æ p;n] kmf]g /fv]/ 6'6]km'6]sf] efiffdf To;nfO{ eGof] . Tof] k|x/Ln] O+lut u/]sf] lbzftkm{ a9\of] . 9f]sfdf k'u]kl5 306L ahfof] / af]nfj6df leq k:of] . ToxfF Pp6f l76f] lyof] . s';L{df a:g eGof], a:of] . l76f]sf] skfn nfdf] lyof] . sfgdf d'Gb|f nufPsf] lyof] . Kfftnf bfx|Lh'Fuf lyP . hLp8fn eg] 7"n} lyof] . slt lbgb]lv gg'xfPsf] / gwf]Psf] To;sf] d}nf] z/L/ / sk8f b]v]/ l76f]n] c;xh dfGof] . To;n] xft hf]8]/ cfˆgf] kl/ro lbof] . l76f]n] cfkm" dGqLsf] kLP / gftfdf ;fnf] kg{] atfof] . To;n] cfˆgf] b'b{zfsf] Oltxf;sf] Oltj[QfGt ;'gfof] . æVff; aft egf], sfx] cfP <Æ l76f]n] lemFhf] dfGb} To;sf] efiffdf ;f]Wg] k|of; u¥of] . 32 ÷ /rgf

ebf}–c;f]h @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^@


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æc:ktfn s] k};f glt/] ;snL . sxLF ;] ;x'lnot ldnf b]tL ls Û ‐c:ktfnsf] k};f ltg{ g;lsg] eof] . sxLFb]lv ;x'lnot ldnfOlbg' x'GYof] ls eg]/ Û_Æ To;sf] s?0f :j/ aflxl/of] . ædGqLHo' s] yf]8f lbg km';{b gfx] . pb\3f6g, a}7s cflb af . km';{b eP ;] aft /fvd\ xF,Æ l76f]n] eGof] . To;n] bzcf}Fnf hf]8\of] . hlt;Sbf] 6fpsf] lgx'/fof] . clnkl5 c:ktfn kmls{g s';L{af6 p7\of] . æk"/f cfz j e/ d]+ gf k/L xF . ckg] eL h'lQm nufO{ xF,Æ l76f]n] 9f]sfg]/ Tof] k'Ubf eGof] . To;n] s'/f a'‰of] . af6f]df Tof] kZrfQfkn] e'6e'l6of] . xft hf]8]sf] / 6fpsf] lgx'/fPsf]df cfTdUnflgn] To;nfO{ 3f]lr/Xof] . lxh}h:tf] nfU5 To;nfO{ r'gfjL efif0fsf] u'lnof] v'jfPsf] . TfL r'gfjL nlnkk /x]5g\, To;n] a'‰of] . Tof] c:ktfn k'Uof] . a'afn] To;sf] cg'xf/ / cfFvfdf ulxl/P/ x]/] . To;sf] c;kmn k|oTg n'Sg ;s]g . Tof] gaf]nL al;/Xof] . æls e]nO < ‐s] eof] <_Æ a'afn] cf}krfl/stfdf ;f]w] . ækLP aft s/d sxn] af Û ‐kLPn] s'/f /flvlbpFnf eg]sf] 5 Û_Æ To;n] hjfkmdf eGof] . To;kl5 l/Qmtf hlGdof] . s'g} ;+jfbn] :yfg lnPg . bz alh;s]sf] lyof] . Tof] vfgf vfg xf]6nlt/ nfUof] . vfgf vfP/ a;]sf] a]nf pxL hUuf u|fxsn] kmf]g u¥of] . Vf} s'g dgn] k|lts¶f ;f7Lxhf/ lbG5' eGof] . cfh} n]vfk9L ug'{kg]{ zt{ /fVof] . To;n] gfOF gfl:t u/]g . a'afnfO{ rflxg] vfgf af]sL Tof] c:ktfn kmls{of] . a'afnfO{ p7fof] . æcfh' t' ckg] xfy ;] v'cf b] Û ‐cfh t]/} xftn] VjfOb] Û_Æ cl3 vfgf vfg cfgfsfgL / lemFhf] dfGg] a'afn] To;nfO{ eg] . To;n] a'afnfO{ vfgf v'jfof] . a'afn] Ujfd Ujfd vfP . a'afsf cfFvf /l;nf ePsf lyP . Tffklg xfF;]/ n'sfpg] k|oTg u/] . To;sf] dg xn'Ëf] eof], zLtntf 5fof] / cfgGb cfof] . a'af a]8dfly kn]6L s;]/ a;] . a'af o;/L ga;]sf] Nffdf] ;do eO;s]sf] lyof] . Tof] ljZjf; ug{ ;ls/x]sf] lyPg . pxfFnfO{ ;Grf] x'Fb} cfPsf] xf] ls, To;sf] dgdf kl//Xof] . o:tf] b]v]/ j/k/sf la/fdL / s'?jf;d]t jfNn k/]/ x]l//x]sf lyP . æ3/ d]+ kmf]g s/ Û ‐3/df kmf]g nuf Û_Æ a'afn] To;nfO{ cx|fP . To;n] cf1fkfng u¥of] . a'afn] cfdf / alxgL;Fu dL7f dL7f s'/f u/] . kmf]g sf6]/ To;nfO{ lbP . k"0ff{Í – !^@

ebf}–c;f]h @)&^

/rgf ÷ 33


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c:ktfnsf] lghL{j sf]7fdf o;n] /f}gs 5l/lbof] . Tof] pNs} v'zL eof] . a'afsf] ;'s]sf] z/L/df £ofDkf]em}F 7"nf] kfgL el/Psf] k]6 7;7; k/]sf] lyof] . uf]8f ;'lgP/ k'Ss ePsf lyP . af]Ng, a:g / ;f; km]g{ cK7\of/f] dfGg] To;sf a'afnfO{ cfh oL s'/fn] 5]Sg ;s]gg\ . Affx| ah]lt/ k'gM To;sf] df]afOndf u|fxssf] kmf]g cfof] . Tof] tn em¥of] . xf]6ndf a;]/ s]xL n]vfk9L eof] . To;n] ;xL, NofKr] ;a} ul/lbof] . AffFsL sfd csf]{ lbg ug]{ ;xdlt eof] . k};f af]s]/ Tof] c:ktfn kmls{of] . a'af pQfgf] ;'t]sf lyP . Tof] cfPsf] rfn kfP/ To;lt/ k'n'Ss x]/] t/ Tof] af]n]g . æ7G8fkfgL vfO s] dg af . n] s] cf Û ‐lr;f]kfgL vfg] dg 5 . NofP/ cf Û_Æ a'afn] OR5f u/] . Tof] lr;f]kfgL lng c:ktfnaflx/ uof] . KffgL lnP/ kmls{b} ubf{ cfkm"dfly ah|kft k/]sf] b[ZonfO{ b]Vg' k¥of] . s] To;sf a'afn] cfTdxTofnfO{ olQs} c+sdfn u/]sf lyP t < xf]Og . kfZj{lrq x]/f}F — ltgLx¿sf] cfˆgf] hUufsf] gfddf kfFrs¶f dfq lyof] . kl5 alga'tf] u/L To;n] b'O{s¶f hf]8]sf] lyof] . UffpFsf ;a}sf] cj:yf o;eGbf /fd|f] lyPg . hldGbf/sf] hdLg hf]Tb} ufpFn]sf] hLjg/y sgLs'yL 3l;|GYof] . clwsf+z pTkfbgdfly hldGbf/n] s] s] axfgfdf xs hdfpFYof] . lgd'vf ls;fg ;x]/ a;]sf lyP . si6k|b hLjgaf6 plDsg csf{]{ s'g} ljsNk klg lyPg . To;sf] ufpFsf] bz lsnf]ld6/k"j{ lrgL ldn v'Nof] . of] Psk|sf/sf] /f]zgL lyof] . To;cufj} To;sf a'afn] o;sf] ;'OFsf] kfPsf lyP . Pslbg ufpFsf kGw| 3/w'/L To;sf 3/df e]nf a:of] . To;sf a'afn] e]nfsf] g]t[Tj u/] . plta]nf kfFr sIff k9]sf] / cGoeGbf hfGg]a'‰g]df To;sf a'af g} kb{y] . o;}n] To;sf a'afsf] s'/f gvfg] sf]xL lyPg . æhldGbf/ s] clwof g s/d\ Û ‐hldGbf/sf] clwof gug]{ Û_ÆÙ To;sf a'afn] eg] . ;'g]/ ufpFn] jfNn k/] . d'vfd'vsf] b[Zo rNof] s]xLa]/ . æk]6 s] vfnLP /fvd\ Û ‐k]6nfO{ vfnL /fVg] <_ÆÙ ufpFn]sf] k|Zg lyof] . æhldGbf/ s] hUuf ef8f d]+ n] s] pv /f]k] s] af . lrgL ldn v'nOn af . ldn ca pv lsGtO ‐hldGbf/sf] hUuf ef8fdf lnP/ pv'v]tL ug]{ xf] . lrgL ldn v'Nb}5 . ldnn] pv' lsG5 Û_ÆÙ To;sf a'afn] v'nfP . 34 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^@


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æafb d]+ sf}gf] ;d:of t g ctO < hldGbf/ dfGtO < ‐kl5 s]xL ;d:of x'g] t xf]Og < hldGbf/ dfGnf <_ÆÙ ufpFn]df cfzª\sf / låljwfn] hGd lnof] . æxdgL s] lxDdt s/] s] af . P];] xL xdgL s] hLjg sxfF ;'vL af < hldGbf/ ;] aft s/] s] lhDjf/L xd/ af Û ‐xfdLn] lxDdt ug'{k5{ . o;} klg xfd|f] hLjg slt g} ;'vb 5 / Û hldGbf/;Fu s'/f ug]{ lhDdf d]/f] eof] _ÆÙ To;sf a'afn] xf}:ofP . y'k|} lvlqªldlqª s'/fsfgL eP . cGttM ufpFn] pv'v]tL ug{ /fhL eO{ 5f8] . ef]lnkN6 To;sf a'af;Fu} ufpFsf b'O{rf/hgf c? lrgL ldn k'u] . dflns;Fu e]6 eof] . ltgLx¿n] cfˆgf] clek|fo ;'gfP . æO{ t v'zL s] aft af . ldn s] pv rfxL . xd ;a lsgd\ Û ‐of] t v'zLsf] s'/f xf] . ldnnfO{ pv' rflxG5 . xfdL lsG5f}F,Æ_ ldn dflnsn] eGof] . ltgLx¿n] pt}af6 hldGbf/sf] 3/sf] af6f] gfk] . hldGbf/nfO{ oyfy{ v'nfP . æxf]tO . k};f xd];f a'emfj] s] k/tO Û ‐x'G5 Û k};f eg] lgoldt a'emfpg'k5{ Û_Æ hldGbf/ ;xdt eof] . To;sf a'afx¿ lgs} ubub eP . cfqmfGt hLjgdf pHofnf] k:g]df ltgLx¿ 9'Ss eP . pv' v]tLnfO{ pGgt aLp, u'0f:t/Lo dn, kfgL, cf}iflw / :ofxf/ rflxGYof] . ufpFn] s[lif sfof{no k'u] . sfof{non] ;xof]u ug]{ cfZjf;gsf] k'lnGbf lbof] . ca lg0ff{os sbd rfNg' lyof] . k/Gt' d"n s'/f nufgL lyof] . cyf{t\ k};f] . o;n] lrGtf yKof] . aNnaNn b}lgsL u'hf/f ug]{ ufpFn];Fu To:tf] /sd klg lyPg . æC0f gvfPjfnf sf}g af < sfd s}nf k/ C0f t nfuj] s/tO, g8/fP s] af . lbg gnfuf] cf]tg] af Û‐C0f gePsf] dfG5] sf] xf]nf / < sfd ubf{ C0f nfU5, g8/fpmF . lbg gnfuf];,\ TolQ xf] Û_Æ To;sf a'afn] lxDdtsf] s'/f u/] . b'O{rf/ s¶f hdLgwf/L nfnk'hf{ sfd nfUg] eP . nfnk'hf{ a}+ssf] w/f}6L r9] . ;/sf/L b/sf] cfwf C0f ldNof] . gk'u ;fx'C0f eof] . o;/L ;a} s'/fsf] rfFhf]kfFhf] ldNof] . pv'v]tL ug]{ hUufsf] ;e]{ eof] . pv' /f]lkof] . æca ef/t s] g, ckg] pv s] lrgL vfP s] ldnL Û ‐ca ef/tsf] xf]Og, cfˆg} pv'sf] lrgL vfg kfOg] eof] Û_Æ To;sf a'afn] Pslbg eg] . v'zLn] xfF;f]sf] kmf]xf]/f 5'6\of] . æPslsnf] lrgL ckg] b]z d]+ aGnf k/ ljb]z d]+ ckg k};f t ghtO Û ‐Pslsnf] lrgL b]zdf g} aGof] eg] ljb]zlt/ xfd|f] k};f t hfFb}g Û_Æ To;sf a'afn] uDeL/ s'/f eg] . k"0ff{Í – !^@

ebf}–c;f]h @)&^

/rgf ÷ 35


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x'g t To;n] ljBfnodf k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxsf] hLjgL k9]sf] lyof] . lbJof]kb]zsf] c+z …hfO{ s6s gug"{, lemsL s6s ug"{Ú To;nfO{ ;Demgf eof] . a'afdf Tof] k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxnfO{ b]Vg yfNof] . pv'n] dn kfof], kfgL kfof] . >d, k;Lgf / :ofxf/ kfof] . /, pv' jo:s klg eof] . pv'sf xl/of kmfF6n] ls;fgsf cfFvfdf rds el/GYof] . Tof] ;kgf lyof], eljio lyof] . slt ;'vb s'/f lyof] Û klxnf] jif{sf] pv' b]v]/ ls;fg cTolws v'zL eP . ls;fgdf s}of}+ u'0ff pmhf{ el/P/ cfof] . ldnaf6 s6fgL k'hL{ ldNof] . wdfwd pv' sfl6g yfNof] . nl8ofdf nfb]sf] pv' ldndf k'Uof] . tf}lnof] . ls;fgsf] cg'xf/df v'zL 5fof] . ltgLx¿ pv'n] kfPsf] df]n b]v]/ bË eP . æb'Mv s] lbg u]n Û‐b'Mvsf lbg uP Û _Æ To;sf a'afn] o;f] eGbf ;a}n] ;/fxgf u/] . a'af k|;Gg eP . ægofF gofF ldn af . ;a k};f b]j] s] sl7g xO{ . xd];f s] sf/f]af/ s/] s] af afFsL k};f afb d]+ ldnt] /xtO{ Û ‐gofF gofF ldn xf] . ;a} /sd r'Qmf ug{ ufx|f] 5 . ;w}sf] sf/f]af/ ug]{ xf] . AffFsL /sd kl5 ldNb} u5{ ._ÆÙ ldndflns / k|aGwsn] eg] . w]/ yf]/ pwf/f] t sf/f]af/df x'G5 lg . ls;fgsf] r]tn] olt;Dd 7Dofof] . xftdf k/]sf] /sd af]s]/ ;a} 3/ kmls{P . k};fn] ufpFdf bz}F Nofof] . jiff}{+ km]g{ g;s]sf, RofltPsf, em'qf sk8fn] 5'§L kfP . gf}nf sk8f cfP . 3/ 3/ dL7f]dl;gf] kfSof] . 3/x¿ lnkkf]t eP, /lËP / rxlsP . w]/ yf]/ pwf/f], ;fk6L, ;fFjf, Aofh klg lt/tf/ eP . bf]];|f] v]tLdf ls;fgsf] pmhf{ bf]Aa/ eof] . sfddf s'zntf ylkof] . pv' /fd|f] eP/ cfof] . xl/of kmfF6df xfjf aonL v]ln/x]sf] x'GYof] . r/fx¿ gfFlr/x]sf x'Gy] . x]/]/} wLt db}{GfYof] . To:tf] df]xs b[Zo b]lvGYof] . aRrfx¿ pv'sf 8fFSnf ;dft]/ v]tdf bf}l8/xGy] . ltgLx¿ lgs} cfgGbn] /dfpFy] Û sDtLdf ;Q/Lc;L lSjG6n pv' h;sf] klg x'GYof] . pv' sf6]/ ldndf k'Uof] . k|aGws lyPg . ;"rgf ldNof]— b'O{ lbgkl5 tf}lnG5 . Tof] lbg klg cfOk'Uof] . cem} tf}Nfg] ;'/;f/ ePg . ls;fg Jou| lyP . ltgLx¿n] xfjf vfO/x] . æpv s] efp O;;fn g xO{ . lrgL g lasnO{ Û ‐pv'sf] efp o;k6s 5}g . lrgL g} las]g Û_Æ k|aGwsn] rf}+yf] lbgdf eGof] . ls;fg cGof}nsf] tfgdf km;] . sfl6Psf] km;n ;'sfpg' plrt lyPg . Effp ldnfP/ lbg] ljrf/ u/] . ut jif{eGbf Ps rf}yfO sd d"Nodf pv' tf}lnof] . /sd klg cfwf xft nfUof] . AffFsL aSof}tfdf uof] . Jofkf/sf] 36 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^@


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cf/f]xcj/f]x xf] eGb} ls;fgn] lrQnfO{ yfdy'd kf/] . o;k6s ;fFjf t s] Aofh ltg{ ;s; eof] . hldGbf/ s'ln{g yfln;s]sf] lyof] . lrGtfsf] afbn ufpFdfly p8\g yfNof] . csf]{ jif{ s6fgL k'hL{sf] k|tLIff n" rNg] j}zfvdf k'Uof] . pv'sf] xl/ofnL pl8;s]sf] lyof] . To;sf a'af To;a]nf ldndflns / s[lif sfof{no s}of}+ k6s wfP . k|To]s k6s cfZjf;gsf] kf]sf] lk7\o"Fdf af]s]/ kmls{g ljjz eP . ls;fgx¿sf lgwf/df xtf;sf /]vflrq sf]l/g yfn] . o;a]nf kNnf] ufpFsf] lar'nfn / k|aGwssf] v'a lxdlrd lyof] . lar'nfnsf] ufpFnfO{ wdfwd s6fgL k'hL{ ldln/x]sf] lyof] . o;jif{ k|aGwsn] ahf/df 3/sf] 7"n} hu nufO;s]sf] lyof] . pm / lar'nfn ;Fu;Fu} sf/df x'OFls/x]sf lyP . xb} gf£of] . Pslbg ufpFn]sf] nfjfn:s/ lrgL ldn k'Uof] . gf/fafhL rNof] . tfnfaGbL eof] . aNn ldndflns / k|aGws eL8nfO{ zfGt agfpg cfOk'u] . pv' sf6\g] s6fgL k'hL{ lbP . ;'s]sf] pv' ldn k'Uof] . tf}n z'¿ eof] . To;sf] pv' af]s]sf] 6«ssf] kfnf] cfof] . olta]nf Tof] kGw| jif{ k'lu;s]sf] lyof] . a'af;Fu} Tof] klg ldn uPsf] lyof] . æhf, tf}n s] b]v Û ‐Hff, tf}n]sf] x]/ Û_Æ a'afn] To;nfO{ cfb]z lbP . Tof] tf}Ng] sfF6fsf] ghLs uof] . n]vgbf;sf] 5]pdf pleof] . ærfln; s'G6n e]nO{ Û ‐Rffln; s'G6n eof] Û_Æ n]vgbf;n] To;nfO{ lkln{Ss x]¥of] / eGof] . To;a]nf To;sf] gh/ vftfdfly k¥of] . Vfftfdf krf; lSjG6n n]v]sf] lyof] . To;n] p:tf] jf:tf eg] u/]g . To;sf] cfˆgf] pv' rfln; lSjG6n g} ePsf] lyof] . sd n]v]sf] eP kf] s]xL eGg' Û To;}n] Tof] df}g eof] . o;jif{sf] s6fgL k'hL{sf] ljnDan] ls;fgnfO{ 3f6fdf l5/fof] . ;a}sf] xfnt p:t} /Xof] . /sd klg cfwf dfq} lbof] . aSof}tf pFef] r9\of] . ætf]/f sf/0f ;] xd/ v]tLkftL ;fob g xf]O{ . g k};f xL xfy d] cfj]jfnf e]n Û ‐t}+n] ubf{ d]/f] v]tLkftL x'g gkfpg] eof] . Gf k};f g} xft nfUg] eof] Û_ÆÙ hldGbf/ To;sf] a'afnfO{ vf]Sb} lyof] . pgL w}o{sf] bzcf}+nf hf]8]/ cg'go ub{y] . a}+ssf] C0f, Aofh clg xhf{gfsf nfdf nfdf kq ;a}sf] b}nf] b}nf]df cfO/x]sf lyP . ca lrGtfdf ls;fgsf xTs]nf Rofk' c8\ofpFb} lyP . ;d:of vftdfly vft nfUb} uof] M — pv'sf] b/ gtf]lsg], k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 37


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/rgf ÷ 49


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Tof] /fHonfO{ ldlynf elgof] eGg] pNn]v 5 . k'/f0fcg';f/ ldlyj+zsf @# cf}+ k':tfsf /fhf ;L/Wjh hgssf] zf;gsfndf 7"nf] ;'Svf kbf{ /fHodf xfxfsf/ rNof] . OGb|nfO{ v';L kfg{ ;L/Wjh hgs xnsif{0f ;df/f]xdf ;xefuL x'g hfFbf s;}n] ev{/ hGdfP/ kmfn]sL Pp6L aflnsf km]nf k/]sf]n] pgnfO{ 5f]/Lsf] ¿kdf nfngkfng u/] . of] t ;dfhsf] rng xf], ;dfhsf] ljwfg xf]Og, /fhf hgsåf/f kflnPsL 5f]/Lsf] gfd ;Ltf lyof], h;sf] ljjfx cof]Wofsf /fhs'df/ /fd;Fu ePsf] lyof] . /fd / ;Ltfsf] ljjfxsf] ljifodf jfNdLls /fdfo0fdf nfdf] j0f{g ul/Psf] 5 . ;L/Wjh hgssf] zf;gsfndf ldlynf /fHosf] pGglt pRrsf]l6sf] lyof] . d dfGb5', ljb]x–ldlynfdf ;f] ;dodf zf:qlgdf{0f, snf, o1ofuflb, tTTjlrGtg tyf bz{gljifos sd{sf08x¿ v"a x'gu] /]sf lyP . kl/0ffd pgsf] kfnfdf …j[xbf/0osf]klgifb\Ú / …of1jNSo:d[ltÚ h:tf dxTTjk"0f{ u|Gyx¿ /rgf ePsf lyP . o;sf] ;fy} ToxfF rf/cf]6} j]bsf] JofVof ul/GYof] . o; lsl;dsf] cfrf/ ePsf] x'Fbf g} ldlynf b]zsf] j0f{g ztky a|fXd0fÚ, …lji0f'k'/f0fÚ, …>Ldb\efujt\Ú, …jfNdLls /fdfo0fÚ, …b]jLefujtÚ, …j[xbf/0osf]klgifb\Ú, …of1jNSo:d[ltÚ, …/fdrl/qdfg;Ú / …uGwf/s ;'?lr hftsÚ h:tf u|Gyx¿df 7fpF7fpFdf v'n]/ u/]sf] kfOG5 . rf}wf}+ ztfAbLsf d}lyn slj ljBfkltn] cfˆgf] …e"kl/qmdfÚ gfds s[ltdf pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . ljb]x–ldlynf ;Eotfsf] j0f{g h}g ;fw' lhgeb| ;'/Ln] …ldlynf tLy{sNkÚ df u/]sf 5g\ . dxfef/tdf klg ljb]x/fHosf] pNn]v kfOG5 . o; b[li6n] ljb]x–ldlynf ;Eotfsf] d k|z+;s x'F . hgs /fhfx¿sf] b[li6 ;To lyof] . o:tf] b[li6nfO{ ;Dos b[li6 eGg ;S5f}+ . xfdLn] ;w} :d/0f ul//xg] kljq b'O{ gfddf ;Ltf / a'4 k5{g\ . Pp6f ;xgzLn / csf]{ Tofusf] k|ltd"lt{ . k|l;4 lrlgofF tLyf{n' Xj]g;fªn] ldlynfnfO{ …r]g ;'gfÚ egL j0f{g u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] hgsk'/sf] kljqtfsf] klg rrf{ u/]sf 5g\ . / d of] dfGb5' dof{bfk'?iff]Qd /fdnfO{ ;fy{s ;Ltfn] kf/]sL x'g\ lj/f]w gu/]/ k"/s ag]sL x'g\ . o;f] t s;}n] klg vf]6 b]vfP/ Pp6fnfO{ pQ/L / csf]{nfO{ blIf0fL w|'j eGg ;S5 . t/ oyfy{df /fd–;Ltfsf] ;To w|'jdf xf]Og aLrdf l6s]sf] 5 . s'g} Pssf] cefjdf csf]{sf] l:ylt klg /xb}g . ldlynf /fHosf clGtd /fhf dxfjzL s/fn hgs lyP . ldlynf /fHo h}g wdf{jnDaL dxfjL/sL cfdf lqznfsf] dfOtLb]z lyof] . uf}td a'4 w]/} k6s ldlynf k'u]sf lyP . o;sf] cy{ 1fg, lj1fg, wgwfGodf ldlynf cu|0fL lyof] . hxfF klg clt x'G5 ToxfF cjZo clgi6 x'G5 . ha JolQm hut\5Gbaf6 ljlR5Gg eP/ Psbd :jR5Gb x'g yfNb5 . 50 ÷ /rgf

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ldlynfsf] af/]df Pp6f csf]{ s'/f klg ;'g]sf] 5', /fhf If]dlglwsf] /fHosfndf uf]s'naf6 an/fd ldlynf k'u]sf lyP . ldlynfsf] xfjfkfgL /fd|f] ePsf]n] pgn] b'of]{wgnfO{ tfnLd lbPsf lyP . ToxL+ g} b'of]{wg / If]dlglwsf] ldqtf ePsf] lyof] . ljrf/ u/]/ af]Ng]x¿af6 yfxf eP cg';f/ sf}/j / kf08jaLrsf] dxfef/t o'4df If]dlglwn] cfˆgf] ldq b'of]{wgsf] kIfaf6 o'4 ubf{ub}{ s'?If]qsf] d}bfgdf jL/ult kfPsf lyP . To;} ;dob]lv ldlynf /fHosf] ktgsfn cf/De eof] eg]sf] ;'g]sf] 5', d clxn] o; ljifodf 6fpsf] b'Mvfpg rfxGg . dxfef/tsf] o'4 ;dfKt ePkl5 kf08jx¿ /fHo Tofuu/L lxdfnlt/ nfu]sf lyP . kf08jx¿n] O{iof / lju|xnfO{ plrt 7fg]gg\, To;}n] lxdfntkm{ kfOnf a9fPsf lyP, xl:tgfk'/df k/LlIftnfO{ /fHof/f]x0f u/fP/ . ljb]x– ldlynf /fHosf] cl:tTj Ozfk"j{ ^)) ;Dd/x]sf] yfxf ePsf] 5 . ldlynfsf] /fhf dxfjzL s/fn hgs g} hgsj+zsf clGtd zf;s dflgPsf] 5 . dxfjzL s/fn hgsdf dg'iotf xf]Og kz'tf lyof] . /fhf dxfjzL s/fnsf] zf;gsfnkl5 hgsj+zsf] zf;g 6'lËof] . s/fn afx]ssf hgssf] zf;gdf ldlynf gs{ ag]sf] lyPg . :ju{;dfg v'zLofnL ePsf] x'Fbf hgtf klg /dfO/x]sf lyP . o;sf/0f dof{lbt lgoddf hgtf v';xfn lyP / k|]ddo jftfj/0f lyof], cfk;df ´} ´u8f x'b}gYof] /fhf / hgtf lgod kfng ug{ dg k/fpFy] . /fhf dxfjzL s/fn hgs eg] Hofb} lg/ª\s'z / cTofrf/L lyP . pgn] cfˆgf hgtfnfO{ ;Gt'i6 kfg{ g;Qmf / Jolerf/ klg u/]sfn] hgtfn] /fhf dxfjzL s/fn hgsnfO{ df/] . sf}l6Non] tL /fhfn] a|fXd0fsGof;Fu Joflerf/ ug]{u/]sf] s'/f :ki6 pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . /fhfnfO{dfq gdf/L pgsf efOaGw'nfO{ klg dfg{ yfn]kl5 pbf/ efjsf] cefjdf ldlynfdf c/fhs l:ylt cfPsf] lyof] . hgs/fhj+zsf] cGTokl5 ljb]x–ldlynf alHh;+3df ldl;of] . kf}?if / t]hl:jtfsf wgL duwsf zlQmzfnL s'zfgj+zL /fhf chftzq'n] alHh;+3 Wj:tkf/L ldlynfnfO{ cfˆgf] /fHoflwsf/cGtu{t ldnfP . dnfO{ o;df clnslt klg z+sf 5}g ldlynfdf xif{j4{g / c?0ffZjn] zf;g u/]sf] s'/f ;xh ¿kdf :jLsf/ ub{5' . lj=;+= !!%$ df blIf0f– ef/tsf s0ff{6sj+zLo /fhf gfGob]jn] ldlynfnfO{ sAhfu/L l;d/f}gu9nfO{ /fhwfgL agfP/ zf;g u/] .  (*$#^$@*^* à sf7df8f}+

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/rgf ÷ 51


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;do @)$* ;fn x'g'k5{ . d /fli6«o jfl0fHo a}+ssf] s]Gb|Lo sfof{no 6+ufndf sfd ub{y]+ . ToxfFaf6 k|sflzt x'g] …pkxf/Ú q}dfl;s klqsfsf ;Dkfbs zfb"{n e§/fO{ x'g'xGYof] eg] pxfFsf] ;xfos eP/ d k'u]sf] lyPF s]xL ;do;Dd . d]/f] 8]/f Tof] ;dodf 3§]s'nf]df lyof] . cGtl/d ;/sf/sf k|wfgdGqL s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{Nf] ev{/} l;+xb/af/sf] 7"nf] kvf{n eTsfP/ To; If]qdf 7"nf] ;8s agfOlbPsf lyP . . To;}sf] cf8df /x]sf] ljZjgfy ¿kfv]tLsf] 3/sf] tNnf] tnfsf] Pp6f sf]7fdf d]/f] 8]/f lyof] . 8]/faf6 sfof{no cfphfp lx+8]/ g} ug{ ;xh lyof] . ToxL qmddf cs;/ bf}/f ;'?jfn, 9fsfsf] 6f]kL nufpg], cfFvfdf kfj/bf/ rZdf / xftdf k6\ofpg ldNg] vfn] 5ftf ;d]t af]s]/ lvl/nf] Hofg ePsf Pshgf dflg; k'/fgf] jfg]Zj/lt/af6 Tof] af6f] cf]xf]/ bf]xf]/ ul//x]sf b]lvGy] . t:jL/df b]v]s} cfwf/df pxfF lzj /]UdL xf] eGg] c8\sn ug{ dnfO{ ufxf/f] ePg . pxfFsf n]v /rgfx¿ dw'ks{ / ul/dfdf 5flkO/xGy] . dnfO{ nfUb5 To;a]nf ul/df ;flxlTos klqsfdf pxfFsf] lgoldt :tDe n]vg rln/x]sf] lyof]Ù h;sf] d lgoldt kf7s lyPF . j}zfv h]7sf] s'g} Ps lbg d}n] pxfFnfO{ 7\ofSs} l8NnLahf/ kLknaf]6sf cufl8 e]6]+ . dnfO{ s] egf}+ s] gegf}+ h:tf] nfUof] . Ps dg 8/ klg nfUof] . cfF6 u/]/ ;f]w]+Ù æxh'/ lzj /]UdL xf]Og <Æ pxfFn] d';'Ss xfF;]/ hjfkm kmsf{pg'ef]Ù æxf] t ÛÆ d}n] pxfFsf /rgfx¿ lgoldt k9/x]sf] / cfkm" klg jfl0fHo a}+sn] k|sfzg ug]{ ;flxlTos klqsf;Fu ;DalGwt ePsf] s'/f u/]+ . d]/f] s'/f ;'g]/ pxfF v'zL x'g'eof] . pxfF To;a]nf ;fdfGo k|zf;g dGqfnodf sfd ug'{x'bf] /x]5 / k'tnL ;8sdf sd{rf/L lng cfpg] dGqfnosf] uf8L Eofpgsf nflu aQL;k'tnLl:yt 3/af6 k}bn g} k'tnL;8s;Dd cfphfp ug'{x'Fbf] /x]5 . of] pxfFsf] lgoldt lbgrof{ /x]5 . lxhf]cfhsf] h:tf] oftfoftsf] ;j{;'netf Tolta]nf sf7df8f}+df e};s]sf] lyPg . 52 ÷ /rgf

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pxfF;Fu ulkmP/ d klg rf/vfn c8\8f hfg] rf]s;Dd cfPF . pxfF nfUg'eof] k'tnL;8slt/ d cfˆgf] af6f] nfu]+ 6+ufnlt/ . To;lbg d v'zL ePF lsgls d}n] Pshgf ;flxTosf/;Fu lrghfg ug]{ df}sf kfPsf] lyPF . sfof{nodf uP/ zfb"{n e§/fO{ bfOnfO{ d}n] ;lj:tf/ of] s'/f j0f{g u/]+ . bfOn] eGg'eof]Ù 7Ls 5 . jxfF cg';Gwfg ug'{x'G5 . Pp6f n]v s'g} ;do dfu]/ 5fkf}+nf Û ;doqmddf jfl0fHo a}+s Joj:yfkgn] zfb"{n bfOnfO{ yfkfynL ;?jf u¥of] . s]xL ;dokl5 d]/f] klg ;?jf ljzfn ahf/sf] sf7df8f}+ zfvfdf eof] . …pkxf/Údf ;Dkfbs eP/ ;'j0f{ sdf{rfo{ / ;x;Dkfbsdf /fh]z vgfn cfP/ klqsfnfO{ lgoldt ¿kdf rnfpg] sfd eof] . Tof] t Joj:yfksLo k|lqmof g} e}xfNof] . ljzfn ahf/df ;?jf eP/ uPkl5 s]xL ;do t s'lx/fsf] sfu em}+ g} ePF d . ToxfF sd{rf/L ;+Vof g} em08} tLg;osf] xf/fxf/Ldf lyof] eg] ljzfn ahf/sf] klxnf] tnfsf] cfwf efudf t jfl0fHo a}+ssf] sfof{no dfq} lyof] . To;a]nf s] elgGYof] eg] jfl0fHo a}+ssf] b]zel/sf] %) k|ltzt sf/f]af/sf] lx::ff sf7df8f}+ zfvfn] wfg]sf] 5 . ToxfF sd{rf/Lx¿ Ps cfk;df lrghfg g} gx'g] . s;}n] s;}nfO{ jf:tf klg gug]{ . cem u|fxssf] eL8ef8 klg p:t} . To; ;dodf ufd]{06 / sfk]{6 pBf]ux¿sf] lgof{tsf ;Dk"0f{ sfdx¿ ug{ hDdf b'O{j6f a}+s lyP–g]kfn a}+s lnld6]8 / jfl0fHo a}+s . To;}n] sfdsf] rfk w]/} lyof] . dnfO{ ToxfF jrt ljefudf sfd ug{sf nflu v6fOof] . To;kl5 d}n] a}ª\lsªsf] sv/f l;Sg] cj;/ kfPF . em08} 5AaL; jif]{ sfo{sfn k"/f u/L @)&% h]7 ! ut] d}n] cjsfz lnPF . Pslbg lzj /]UdL 6'Kn'Ss d sfd ug]{ 7fpF cfO{k'Ug'eof] . d}n] clejfbg ugf{;fy jxfFNf] æcf]xf] Û tkfO{+ t otf ;?jf x'g'eP5 Û d]/f] klg clxn] lgjf{rg cfof]udf ;?jf eof] . Pp6f ;fgf] sfd k¥of]Ù tkfO{+n] ;xof]u ul/lbg'k¥of] ÛÆ jxfFn] cfˆgf] ;d:of /fVg'eof]Ù æd]/L >LdtL klxnf jL/ c:ktfndf sfd ubf{ oxfF tnaL vftf vf]lnPsf] lyof] . clxn] pgL ;]jf lgj[Q e};lsg\ . of] vftfsf] cfjZostf klg k/]g . km]l/ xfdL aQL;k'tnL a:g] clg of] 7fpF cfpg kfos klg gkg]{ ePsf]n] oxfFsf] vftf aGb ul/lbg'k¥of] . t/ pgL cfkm}+ cfpg ;lQmgg\ . clns la/fdL klg 5g\Ù d}n] d~h'/Lgfdf NofPsf] 5'Ù ul/lbg ldN5 ls <Æ d cfkm" Tof] lg0ff{os sfd ug{ ;Sg] kbdf g/x]sfn] d eGbf dflyNNff xflsdn] gdfGg] kf] x'g\ ls eGg] lemgf] lrGtf dgdf nfu]sf] lyof] . d}n] ;a} a]nLlj:tf/ atfPkl5 xflsdn] eg]–æx'g t vftf aGb ug{sf nflu vftfjfn :jo+ pkl:Yft x'g'kg]{ xf]Ù jxfF klg ;/sf/L clws[t g} x'g'x'Fbf]/x]5 . tkfO{+n] Pp6f Uof/]06L al;lbP/ ul/lbgf];\ ÛÆ xflsdsf] o:tf] cfb]z cfPkl5 pxfFsf] k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 53


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To; lbgsf] Pp6f sfd kmQ] ePsf] lyof] / d}n] klg cfˆgf] gfs 7f8f] kfg{ ;s]sf] lyPF . To;kl5 pxfF dnfO{ cfˆgf] 3/sf] 6]lnkmf]g gDa/ l6kfP/ æo;f] e]63f6 klg ub}{ u/f}+ x} ÛÆ eGb} ljbf x'g'eof] . pxfFsf] ;flxlTos cGj]if0fsf] sfd lg/Gt/ rln g} /x]sf] lyof] . kl5 cjsfz ePkl5 ;flxlTos kq klqsfx¿sf] Oltxf; n]Vgsf nflu pxfFnfO{ kq klqsfsf] h¿/L kg{ yfn]5 . o;} qmddf /fi6«Lo jfl0fHo a}+ssf] …pkxf/Úsf] klg cfjZostf k/]5 . Pslbg pxfFsf] kmf]g cfof] . d}n] s]xL lbgsf] ;do dfu]+ / Ps zlgjf/ d}n] e]6];Ddsf …pkxf/Ú klqsfsf k'/fgf cÍx¿ lnP/ pxfFsf] aQL;k'tnLsf] 3/df pxfFn] eg] cg';f/sf] 7]ufgf kQf nufP/ k'u]+ . pxfF ;fx|} v'zL x'g'eof] . …pkxf/Ú klqsfsf] klxnf] cÍ kQf nufpg ;lsPg . klxnf] ;Dkfbs sjLGb|axfb'/ cdfTo lyP . pgL clxn] of] ;+;f/af6 ljbf e};s]sf 5g\ . cf]xf] Û pxfFsf] 3/df lstfasf 8Ë'/ b]v]/ d t 5Ss} k/]+–s;/L Joj:yfkg ug{ ;s]sf xf]nfg\ tL PSnf dfG5]n] < To;sf] s]xL lbg cl3 pxfFsf u'? jf;'b]j n'OF6]nn] Ps uf8L lstfj 3/df k7fP/ c;/Nn kfl/lbg'ePsf] /x]5 . pxfF To;}sf] l6kf]6 ub}{ x'g'x'GYof] . pxfFn] dnfO{ eGg'eof]Ù æsf]xL lstfa rflxg] dfG5] 5g\ eg] d ;Fu bf]xf]/f] k/]sf lstfax¿ 5g\Ù va/ ug'{xf]nf ÛÆ emfkf sfs/le§f SofDk;sf SofDk; k|d'v /x]sf o1/fh k|;fOFn] Pslbg cfˆgf] SofDk;sf] k':tsfnosf nflu s]xL k':tsx¿ vf]Hg ;lsG5 ls Û eg]/ dnfO{ cg'/f]w u/] . sfs/le§fsf] d]rL ;xsf/Ln] klg k':tsfno vf]n]sf]n] To;sf lgldQ klg lstfax¿ kfP x'g] eGg] dg;fo pgn] JoQm u/]kl5 d}n] lzj /]UdLnfO{ kmf]g u/]+ . hjfkm kfOof]–æef]ln xf]Og k;L{ cfpg'xf]nf ÛÆ xfdL pxfFsf] 3/df k'Uof}+ . o1/fh k|;fOFnfO{ jxfFn] ;f]Wg'eof]Ù ætkfO{+n] ;Dkfbg ug'{ePsf] …emDknÚ klqsf Ps yfg d}n] ;+sng ug{ rfx]sf] s;f] 5 <Æ hjfkmdf Tof] klqsf cfkm";Fu ;d]t g/x]sf] s'/f o1/fh k|;fO{+n] atfpg'ePYof] . …nf} t ÛÚ o;df jxfFsf] 5f]6f] k|lts[of /Xof] . To;kl5 pxfFaf6 k|fKt k':tsx¿ lnP/ xfdL ljbf eof}+ . pxfFaf6 k|fKt k':tsx¿ k':tsfnodf cBflk 5g\ . 3/}df a;]/ cfˆgf] sfd ul//xg] :jefj lyof] pxfFsf] . ;xof]u dfUg cfPsfx¿nfO{ ;s];Dd l/Qf] xft gk7fpg] x'gfn] w]/} dfG5]x¿ pxfFnfO{ e]6g \ / ;xof]u lng hfg] /x]5g\ . Pslbg pxfFn] Pp6f u'gf;f] klg ug'e { Psf] lyof] . Tof] ;dosf Ps hgf rNtLsf sljn] pxfFnfO{ cfˆgf /rgfx¿ vf]hL lbg cg'/f]w u/]5g\ . pxfFn] pgsf /rgf ‐sljtf_x¿ ;a} a8f si6sf ;fy v]fh]/ kmf]6f]skL ;d]t u/]/ lng cfpg af/Daf/ kmf]g ubf{ ;d]t lng cfPg5g\ . 54 ÷ /rgf

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ætL slj sf] lyP t <Æ eGg] d]/f] k|Zgsf] hjfkmdf pxfFn] xfF;]/ 6fl/lbg'eof] . oltdfq eGg'eof]–…tkfO{+ cfkm}+ cg'dfg nufpg'xf];\Ù tL klZrdsf x'g\ ÛÚ d}n] pxfFnfO{ s'g}klg ;flxlTos sfo{qmdx¿df slxNo} b]lv+g e]l6+g . Pp6f sf/0f pxfFsL >dtLnfO{ PSn} 5f8]/ lx+8\g gldNg] vfnsf] /f]un] ;tfPsf] /x]5 . slxn]sfxL+ k]G;g lng hfFbf /fli6«o jfl0fHo a}+s uf}zfnfaf6 dnfO{ kmf]g ug]{ ug'{x'GYof] . ;fyL efOnfO{ ;xo]fu ul/lbg d cg'/f]w ub{y]+ . Psk6s kmf]gdf …tkfOF+sf] u'g ltg{ g;lsg]] ef] ÛÚ eGg'eof] . d}n] xFf;]/ eg]+–… C0f} t x}g lg ÛÚ ;doqmddf pxfFsL >LdtL laTg'eP5 / jxfF klg aQL;k'tnL 5f8]/ dWo jfg]Zj/ 5f]/Lsf] 3/df cfˆgf k':tssf ef/L lnP/ ;g'{eP5 . ToxfF klg d a]nfa]nf slxn] gf/fo0f ltjf/L, slxn] gf/fo0f 9sfnx¿nfO{ lnP/ k'Uy]+ . n]vs b]ljrGb| >]i7n] jxfFnfO{ e]6\g] la5§} /x/ ug'{ePYof] t/ Tof] ;fOt h'/fpg' cl3 g} lzj /]UdL laTg'eof] . d]/f] lstfa lgsfNg] ;dodf uf]/vfkqdf 5flkPsf] s]zj/fh lk+8fnL ;DaGwL ;+:d/0f d}n] cfˆgf] ;+sngaf6 x/fP5' . d}n] lzj /]UdLnfO{ cg'/f]w u/]+ . x'G5 d ldlt kQf nufP/ va/ u/f}+nf eGg'eof] . kl5 jxfFn] cfkm}+ dnfO{ kmf]g u/]/ k|sflzt ldlt l6kfOlbg'eof] / eGg' klg eof]–…cr]n uf]/vfkqdf kmfOn ;lhn} kfpg ;lsG5 . ToxL+ glhs} x'g'xG5Ù oxfF cfpFbf hfFbf nfUg] ;dodf tkfO{+n] ToxL+af6 ubf{ 7Ls xf]nf ÛÚ pxfFsf] ;Nnfx cg';f/ d}n] cfˆgf] sfd uf]/vfkqaf6 g} u/]+ . kl5Nnf] ;dodf …al;laofFnf]Ú :TfDe …/rgfÚ ;flxTos klqsfdf lgoldt n]Vb} x'g'x'GYof] . xfdL Ps cfk;df 6]lnkmf]gaf6 s'/fsfgL klg ub}{ lyof}+ . d klg cfˆgf] TfL; jif]{ sfo{sfn ;DffKt ePkl5 3/d} a;]sf] lyPF . jxfF laTg'eGbf !%–@) lbg hlt cl3 kmf]g ubf{ …7Ls 5'Ù v} t Û cr]n e]6 x'g} 5f8\of] ÛÚ eGg'eof] . …b]ljrGb| >]i7n] e]6\g rfxg'ePsf] 5Ù xfdL Ps lbg cfpF5f}+ xf]nf ÛÚ d}n] eg]sf] lyPF . jxfFNf] kmf]g u/]/ cfpg'xf]nf eGg'eof] . clGtd k6ssf] xfd|f] bf]xf]/f] s'/fsfgL oxL lyof] . ! c;f]h !((* df hlGdPsf lzj /]UdL * kmfu'g @)&% ;fn;Dd o; w/fdf /x]/ cWoog, cg';Gwfg, n]vgsf If]qdf clGtd ;do;Dd h'l6/xg'eof] . pxfFnfO{ xflb{s zAb >4f~hln Û )!–$!^$)#) à d]rLgu/–emfkf xfn skg, sf7df8f}+

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/rgf ÷ 55


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d}n] lj=;+= @)#@ ;fndf t];|f] Aofrsf] ¿kdf kj{t laxfbLsf] g]kfn tf/f dfWolds ljBfnoaf6 P;Pn;L lbPsf] x'F -laxfbL hghLjg / ef}uf]lns cjl:yltaf/] …u'?sf ufnfdf sfnf]df];f]Ú eGg] ;+:d/0fdf pNn]v u/]sf] 5'_ . To;a]nf lhNnf e/sf] k/LIff s]Gb| ;b/d'sfd s'Zdfdfg} lyof] . xfdL b'O{ dxLgf klxn] rfdn, u]8fu'8L, l;/s, 8:gfsf] aGbf]a:t u/]/ hfg' kb{Yof] . d / d]/f] ;fyL 6+s k/fh'nL To;/Lg} uPsf lyof}F . xfdL b'j}sf a'afn] afF;sf] 8f]sf] e/L ;fdfg af]s]/ s'Zdf k'¥ofPsf] ;Dembf cfFvfsf l8n clxn] klg el/G5g\ . To;/L k/LIff lbg uP/ a:g] slt ;fyLx¿n] /fd|f];Fu k9\b}gy]– cfdfafsf] dd{ a'em\b}gy] . slt ;fyLefO{sf cfdfafa'n] Tof] vr{ h'6fpg g;s]/ pgLx¿sf] k9fO{ aLrd} 5'6\Yof] . slt kl/jf/n] l/g u/]/, csf{sf] v]taf/Ldf sfd ul/lbP/ vr{ h'6fO{ :s"n k7fPsf x'Gy]–5f]/fn] k9]kl5 7"nf] dflg; aG5 eGg] 7"nf] e/f];f lyof] . cfdfafa'sf] gfd / OHht /fV5 , ;Gtf]ifsf] ;f; km]g{ kfOG5, Oxnf]s / k/nf]s b'j} nf]sdf ;'v;Fu a:g kfOG5 eGy] . xftdf p7]sf 7]nf, kmf6]sf s's'{Rrf d';fb}{ 5f]/f k9fpg] /x/ k"/f uy]{ -To;a]nf 5f]/LnfO{ k9fpg] ;fx|} sd x'Gy] _. dg, efjgf, rfxgf laxfbLsf] kmfF6eGbf dfly n]sdf /x]sf] nL;] u}/fsf] d"nsf] kfgLh:t} s~rg lyof] . To;a]nf clxn] h:tf] cs"t ;DklQ sdfpF5 eGg] eGbf OHht / gfdnfO{ a9L cf]hk"0f{ dflgGYof] . clxn]sf] ;dfh To;a]nfsf] t'ngfdf aflx/L cfj/0fdf ;'vL h:tf] b]lvPnf t/ OHht / ;+:sf/df klxn]sf] /fd|f] lyof] . @)@* ;fndf :yfkgf ePsf] g]kfn tf/f dfWolds ljBfnosf sf]7f ljBfyL{n] ghLssf] ;fnsf] agaf6 af]s]/ NofPsf] pGo'n] af/]/ agfOPsf] lyof] . 5fgf] v/n] 5fPsf] lyof] . d}n] P;Pn;L lbPkl5sf s]xL jif{ kl5 ;Dd klg /ftfdf6fsf] jgdf pGo" 3f/L pd|b}, l5lKkb} /x\of] / :s"nsf sf]7f pGo"n] afl/b} uP . k|To]s z'qmjf/ xfdLn] pGo" Nofpb} y'kfb}{ ub{Yof}F . gofF sf]7f ylkb} uP, k'/fgf dd{t x'b} uP . g]kfn tf/faf6 klxnf] k6s @)#) ;fndf ^ hgfn] P;Pn;L k/LIff lbP h;df tLg hgfn] kf; u/] . Tof] gtLhf lzIfs, ljBfyL{ / cleefjs ;a}sfnflu uf}/jsf] ljifo aGof] . 56 ÷ /rgf

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@)#) ;fndf d sIff * df k9\b} lyPF . ef:t'ªsf g/jxfb'/ s'Fj/, ef6Lrf}/sf s'naxfb'/ s'Fj/ -xfdL aLr x'g'x'Gg_ / d sIffdf klxnf], bf];|f] / t];|f] x'GYof}F . d h]7df x'g] cw{–jflif{s k/LIffdf afx]s sIff !) sf] 6]i6 k/LIff;Dd k|ydg} ePF . s'naxfb'/ / g/axfb'/aLr bf];|f] / t];|f]sfnflu k|lt:kwf{ x'GYof] . sIffdf ;a}eGbf sd pd]/ / prfO{df ;a}eGbf xf]rf] d g} lyPF, t/ b'Anf] lyOgF . ;xkf7L aLr sIff sf]7fdf rsrs ug]{, pGo"sf ;'s]sf 5]:sfn] Pscsf{nfO{ 3f]Rg], snd, skL / lstfa n'sfOlbg] h:tf s'/fg} dgf]/~hgsf d'Vo ;fwg lyP . dflyNnf] sIffdf k9\g] cUnf ljBfyL{ elnjn v]Ny] . elnjn rsf}b]lt/sf] v/Lvf]nfsf] vf]N;f] / ef:t'ªlt/sf] vf]N;fdf k'UYof]–;;fgfnfO{ an lng k7fpy] . an NofPkl5 Ps k6s nfQn] xfGg kfOGYof] . d kl5Nnf]df ky]{F . sf7df8f}Fdf lxpFbdf x'g] :s"n labf ToxfF c;f/–;fpgdf x'GYof] . v]tLkftL nufpg] ofdnfO{ WofglbO{ Tof] ljbf lbOPsf] lyof] . To;a]nf a];fxf vfg]nfO{ vfg gk'Ug] u/La eg]/ leqleq} rrf{ ul/GYof] . laxfbLdf (% k|ltztnfO{ cfˆgf] pAhgLaf6 vfg k'UYof]–To;a]nf . 7"nf] kl/jf/ ePsf, sd hUuf x'g]n] l5d]sLsf] v]taf/Ldf vghf]t u/L To;af6 cgfh lnGy] / jif{ u'hfy]{ . w]/}n] jif{ e/sf] g"gt]nsf] nflu cgfh a]r]/ hf]xf] uy]{, sd x'g]n] ;/;fk6L, /L0f jf a6f}nLaf6 c¿sf] g"g t]n af]sL NofOlbP/ cfkm"nfO{ klg hf]xf] uy]{ . g"g, d6\6Lt]n / sk8fafx]s jif{ e/ rflxg] s'/f ufpFdfg} x'GYof] . v]t, af/L, v/jf/L, agaf/L x'g] kl/jf/sf a'xf/L 3fF;, bfp/f ug{ jg hfb}gy] . ufO{ afv|f w]/} kfNg]x¿ ltgnfO{ r/fpg jglt/ n}hfGy] / kms{Fbf 3fF;–bfp/f lnP/ cfpy] . jiff{df s;}nfO{ k'm;{b x'b}GfYof] . …vx/] vf]nf pn]{/ cfof], aiff{ nfUof] af]nrfn} x/fof] .Ú eGg] uLt af/Lsf sfGnfdf 3fF; sf6\b} tGb]/L–t?gL u'gu'gfpy] . kl/jf/sf ;a} ;b:o jif{ lbg e/ vfgsfnflu pAhgL ug{ v]taf/Ldf x'Gy] . c;f]hb]lv d+;L/;Dd ds}, sf]bf], wfg, u]8fu'8L yGSofpg r6f/f] x'GYof] . To;a]nf ;a}sf esf/L wfg / sf]bf]n] k'6'Ss el/Psf x'Gy] . ds}sf] vftn] cfF6L ntSs x'GYof] . u]8fu'8Ln] tfdfsf ufu|L, lgufnf]sf y'G;], 8fnf, ;f]nL el/Psf x'Gy] . dflg;sf] cf]xf]/–bf]xf]/ x'GYof] . k/fnsf] 6f}jf x]/]/ 5f]/L lbg] s'/f rNYof] . lax]af/L, s'nk"hf, jiff{sf] nflu s8s'/fdf bfp/f lrGg], gfDnf]–8f]/L af6\g], xnf]h'jf tf5g], gf/f a6fg]{, rf]of, aftf / ef6f sf6\g], v/n] 3/ 5fpg], rf]/v/ nfpg] sfd lxpFbdf uy]{ . dlxnfx¿n] u'Gb|L a'Gg], d:of}/f kfg]{, l9sL s'6\g], hfFtf] lk:g], u]8fu'8L ;'sfpg] yGSofpg] uy]{ . jiff{sf] hf]xf] lxpFbdf x'GYof] . ;a} j'm/f tof/L ub}{ gofF 3/hdsf] Aoj:yf u/L lxpFb laTbYof] . k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 57


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wjnflul/, gLnlul/ lxdfndf lxpFbdf hd]sf] lxpF kUn]/ sfnLu08sL wldnf] x'g yfn]kl5 ls;fgn] df};ddf cfPsf] kl/jt{tsf] x]Ssf /fVy] . …aLp s'x\of], sfkmn kfSof], s'x's'x'Ú h:tf] cfjfh lgsfnL r/f s/fpg yfn]kl5 ls;fgsf] sfddf km]l/ kl/jt{g b]lvg yfNYof] . ls;fgL hLjg a8f] pNnf;do 9+un] k"tL{3f6af6 sfnLu08sL ;]tLj]gL, l/8L, b]j3f6, uh]Gb|df]If lqj]0fLwfdlt/ au]em}F lg/Gt/ au]sf] lyof] . ToxfF leq x/]s 3/df cfˆg} syf, Aoyf, xif{–lj:dft, hGd, d[To'sf syf laxfbLsf] Ct';Fu} kl/jt{g eOg} /xGYof] . To;e]udf a;f]af; ug]{ afx'g, If]qL, u'?ª, du/, 7s'/L, g]jf/, ysfnL, dfemL, k]zfut hflt ;a} Pp6} kl/jf/ h:t} eP/ a:by] . ;fpg] ;+qmftL, lxn] hfqf, s[i0ffi6ld, tLh, bz}F, ltxf/, 7"nL PsfbzL cflbdf ;a} e]nf eP/ Oldrf}/, 3'dfpg] / ;]tLa]gLdf d]nf uy]{ . Tof] g} ToxfFsf afl;Gbfsf] jif{e/sf] dgf]/~hgsf] dfWod lyof] . ca d cfkm}+nfO{ kTof/ gnfUg] Pp6f 36gfdf s]lGb|t x'g vf]Hb}5' . dflg;sf] :jefj, k|s[lt, rl/q, k|j[lQdf cfpg] Ifl0fs kl/jt{gn] s'g} a]nf hLjge/ k|efj kfg]{ 36gf 36\g ;S5 . dflg; :j/ :j/}df, nx}nx}df cfˆgf] afgL Aoxf]/feGbf km/s 36gf 36fO{ hLjge/ 5fk /xg] lqmofsnfkdf ;xefuL x'g k'U5 . slt 36gfn] t b'3{6gf klg Nofp5g\, sltn] hLjgsf df]8df af6f] kl/jt{g ul/lbG5g\, sltn] gftf;DaGwdf lr/f kf5{g\, sltn] nugzLn x'g, uNtL gbf]xf]¥ofpg k|]l/t u5{g\ . d To:t} ckTofl/nf] 36gfdf k/]sf] 5' . d To;a]nf :s"nsf] cg'zfl;t, nugzLn, O{dfgbf/ / k9fOdf bQlrQ x'g] ljBfyL{sf] sf]6Ldf ky]{+, k'/:sf/ yfKy]F . cfdfafn] h;/L daf6 ck]Iff ub{y], To;}u/L u'?x¿sf] klg e/f];fsf] kfq lyPF . t/, Ps lbg d}n] hLjge/ ;Demgf eO/xg], kZrfQfk ug'{ kg]{ pR5[ªvn sfd u/]sf] 5' . d"n ¿kdf of] ;+:d/0f To;}af6 l;lh{Psf] xf] . k';df lxpF k/]sfn] df3 dxLgfsf] z'¿df laxfbLdf klg c;fWo} rL;f] lyof] . uf]Nof{ª, n'/Lªsf]6, sfnLkf/ u'NdLsf cUnf 8fF8fdf lxpF b]lvPs} lyof] . lxpF k/] kl5sf] cfsfz eg] uf9f gLnf] lyof] . rLnn] w]/} dfly cfsfzdf sfjf vfPsf] b]lvGYof] . sfnLkf/sf kxf8n] gLnf] cfsfznfO{ un{Dd cFufnf]df afFw]sf lyP dfgf} ls, ltgLx¿ 9's'/ hf]8L lyP / k|]dLn qmL8fdf dUg lyP . l;/l;/ atf; rln/xg] xfd|f] pGo"n] af/]sf] :s"n ePsf] dfemLufpFsf] rf}/df df3sf] ;kmf lbgdf nfu]sf] 3fd cGoqeGbf Kof/f] x'g] g} eof] . df5fk'R5«] / lxpFr'nLsf] rL;f] xfjf :s"nsf] rf}/df sfnLsf] tL/ x'b} ;xh} cfpYof] . ;+:s[t k9]sf / k9fpg]nfO{ u'? / cGo ljifo k9]sf / k9fpg]nfO{ ;/ eGg] ul/GYof] . krf; k"0ff{Ísf] ;+:s[t k/dfgGb k/fh'nL u'?n] k9fpg' x'GYof] . 58 ÷ /rgf

ebf}–c;f]h @)&^

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df3 dxLgfsf] 3dfOnf] Tof] lbg k/dfgGb u'? ;+:s[t k9fpg sIffdf k|j]z ug'{ eof] . jxfF /fd|f];Fu k9fpg' x'GYof], k9fP kl5 …kf7 s07 u/ÚeGb} s'rL{df a:g' x'GYof] . s'rL{df a:gf ;fy pF£g] u'?sf] afgL lyof] . Tolt s'/f kfP kl5 ljBfyL{n] prSofO{ ug]{ g} eP . Tof] sIff ;+:s[t ePsfn] sl7g lyof] . u'?sf] g/d :jefjsf] kmfObf p7fpg vf]Hbf ljBfyL{ ;+:s[tdfg} km]n x'Gy] . u'?sf] emsfpg] afgLnfO{ dgf]/~hgsf] dfWod agfOGYof]–dfq u'?r]nfsf] ;DaGwsf] cfwf/df . u'?n] kf7 ga'emfpg]nfO{ xQkQ lk6\g' x'GgYof] 58L xftdf eP tfklg . Tof] lbg kf7 k9fO{ ;s] kl5 s'naxfb'/nfO{ sIffsf] s'rL{ sf]7feGbf !) lkm6 6f9f rf}/sf] 5]pdf /fVg eGg' eof] . xfdLnfO{ kf7 s07 ug{ eg]/ tLg laQfsf] 58L xftd} lnP/ s'rL{df a:g' eof] . afgL cg';f/ df3sf] Tof] :jflbnf] Gofgf] Kof/f] kfxf/df s'rL{df a:gf ;fy s'rL{sf] dflyNNff] l8ndf 6fpsf] c8\of/ lgbfpg' eof], / 3'g{ yfNg' eof] . xftaf6 58L v;]sf] klg yfxf kfpg' ePg . p6'ª\Uofxf ljBfyL{sf] nflu u'?nfO{ lh:Sofpg / luHofpg Tof] eGbf /fd|f] cj;/ csf]{ lyPg . To:t}df s'naxfb'/n] sIff sf]7fsf] pGo"sf] leQf]af6 rf/–kfFr cFu'n nfdf] ;'s]sf] pGo'sf] tLvf] 5]:sf] d]/f] xftdf lbb} …hf uP/ u'?sf] gfsdf 3f]r\ / bf}l8b} cfP/ a]Grdf a;\ . u'? lgbfpg' ePsf] 5, yfxf kfpg' x'Gg .Ú eg] . pgsf] k|:tfa ;'Ggf ;fy d}n] t;{b} eg]+–…wt\ Û To:tf] klg ug{ x'G5 < u'?n] dnfO{ :s"naf6 lgisf;g ug'{ x'G5 . d 3f]lRbgF .Ú …tF cufl8sf] a]~rdf 5;\, 3f]r]/ cfP/ a;\ . tFnfO{ u'?n] z+s} ug'{x'Gg .Ú k5fl8sf] a]~raf6 nfnaxfb'/n] psf;] . g/axfb'/, l6sf/fd ;a}n] …kmi6 AjfO{n] 3f]r]sf] eg]/ u'?n] ljZjf; ug'{ x'Gg . xfdL eGb}gf}+ .Ú eGb} u'?sf] gfs 3f]Rg] ceb|sfd ug{ dnfO{ g} psf;] . Ps b'O{ ubf{ub}{ d klg xf}l;PF . cfF6 ug]{ ePF . u'?n] df3]3fdsf] :jfb dHhfn] lnO/xg' ePsf] lyof] . sfFrf] bf]la|G5 eg], ;'s]sf] pGo"sf] 5]:sf] kmnfdsf] ;'O/f] h:t} tLvf] / 5fnf 5]8g] u/L 3fts x'G5 . To;n] em'lSsP/ 5\jf:; 3f]Rbf klg dflg;sf] aflx/L 5fnf ;lhn} 5]8\5 . jgaf6 pGo' af]s]/ NofpFbf xfd|f kfv'/f / lkmnf /utfDd] x'Gy] . ;fyLx¿sf] xf}:ofOn] d}n] cfF6 u/]F . cfgGb;Fu 3fd tfk]sf u'?sf] gfs 3f]Rg pGo"sf] ;'s]sf] 5]:sf] lnP/ lx+8]F . cg'zfl;t ljBfyL{ eg]/ k'/:sf/ yfk]sf], sIffdf k|yd x'g], nugzLn / d]xgtL eg]/ ;a}n] k|z+;f u/]sf] s'/fnfO{ r6Ss} la:f]{/ d To:tf] pR5[ª\vn sfd ug{ lx+8]+, To;af6 x'g] kl/0ffdnfO{ Vofn ul/gF . df3] 3fdsf] k|r'/ :jfblnb} z/L/nfO{ s'rL{sf] dflyNnf] efudf c8\ofP/ u'? lgb|fb]jL;Fu jftf{nfkdf x'g'x'GYof] . d]/f] abdf;L cfF6 cg';f/ k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 59


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pGo"sf] 5]:sf]n] u'?sf] gfs leq 3f]r]/ xfd kmfNb} sf]7fdf l5/]F . ;fyLx¿n] eg] h:tf] ePg . d a]~rdf a:g'eGbf klxn]g} u'?n] dnfO{ b]Vg' eof] . u'?sf] gfsaf6 /ut aUof] . ?dfnn] gfs k'5\b}, …tF klg dfTg yfln;\ x}g < ca k9\ nf;\ of] :s"ndf ÛÚ eGb} tLg laQ] 58Ln] s:;]/ s'6\g' eof] . To;kl5 d]/f] b]j|] sfgsf] nf]tLnfO{ a6fb}{ zf:qL u'?sf]df n}hfg'eof] . c¿ sIffsf ;fyLx¿n] klg dnfO{ b]v] . ;a} sIffdf vf;v'; e} xfNof] . ?dfnn] /ut k'5\b} d}n] u/]sf] abdf;L atfpg' eof] . …kmi6 AjfO{sf] sfd oxL xf] < abdf;\ Û tFnfO{ :s"naf6 x6fpg k¥of], x}g <Ú eGb} zf:qL u'?n] klg :jfF7 xfGg' eof] . zf:qL u'?sf] …tFnfO{ :s"naf6 x6fpg k¥of], x}g <Ú eGg] jfSo / k/dfgGb u'?n] …ca k9\nf;\ ÛÚ eg]/ ufnL ug'{ ePsf] ;ft zAbn] dnfO{ hlt b'Vof] To;sf] Ps 5]p klg 58Lsf] :jfF7\n] b'v]sf] lyPg . d}n] ca …k9\g gkfpg] ePF, :s"naf6 lgsflng] ePFÚ eGg] lt/g} d]/f] ;f]rfO{ k'Uof] . To;n] d ddf{xt ePF, cfFz' /f]Sg ;lsgF . 306L nfUof] . c¿ sIffaf6 ;/x¿ cfpg' eof] . ljBfyL{x¿n] u'?sf] sf]7fdf lrofP/ x]g{ yfn] . d]/f] pR5[ª\vn rlt{snfn] jftfj/0f :tAw eof] . d}n] u/]sf] abdf;L af/] ax; eof] . zf:qL u'?n] ;a} ljBfyL{nfO{ xsfb}{ cfcfˆgf] sf]7fdf hfg eGg' eof] . k/dfgGb u'?;Fu} cGo s]xL ;/ x'g'x'GYof] . …o;nfO{ s8f ;hfo lbg'k5{ . o;n] cg'zf;g tf]8]sf] 5Ú x]8 ;/sf] egfO{ lyof] . …o;n] cfˆgf] a'l4n] u/]sf] xf]Og . of] pS;fx6df nfUof] . ;fdfGo ;hfo lbP/ ;r]t kf/f}F / 5f]8f}F Ú k/dfgGb u'?n] jftfj/0fnfO{ zfGt kfb}{ eGg' eof] . s]xL ;do ax; eof] . u'?x¿n] d k|lt u/]sf] ck]Iffsf] klg rrf{ eof] . …Ps k6snfO{ zf/Ll/s ;hfo lbO{ dfkm ug]{, t/ bf];|f] k6s To:tf] abdf;L u/]df :s"naf6 lgisf;g ug]{Ú zf:qL u'?n] lg0f{o ;'gfpg' eof] . To; kl5 …sfg ;dft]/ %) k6s p7\a;\ u/\ .Ú eGg' eof] . cfFz' emfb}{ krf; k6s si6;fy p7\a;\ u/]F . sf]7fdf uPF . sIffdf ePsf ;a} ;fyLx¿sf] cg'xf/ dlng b]lvPsf] lyof] . nfnaxfb'/ / cGo ;fyLx¿n] …xfdLn] ubf{ ;hfo kfO;\ . xfdL;Fu gl/;f x} Û cab]lv xfdL s;}n] klg To:tf] gug]{Ú eg]/ s;d vfP . d]/f cfFvfaf6 cfFz' g/f]lsP tfklg lgisf;gdf gk/]sf]df leq} b]lv d v'zL ePF . ;do / kl/j]zdf To:tf uNtL x'G5g\ . hLjgdf uNtL eOg} /xG5g\ . To:t}af6 kf7 l;Sb} uNtL gbf]xf]¥ofpg' cfkm"nfO{ ;'wfg'{ xf] . To;kl5 d}n] To:tf] pkb|f] slxNo} ul/gF . Tof] lbg kl5 w]/} dxLgf d}n] u'?nfO{ 7f8f] lz/ u/]/ x]g{ ;lsgF . u'?sf] d k|ltsf] Aojxf/df eg] s'g} kl/jt{g cfPsf] lyPg, dnfO{ klxn] ;/xg} dfof ug'{x'GYof] . …k9fO{df Wofg b]p, :s"nsf] OHht ltd|f] 60 ÷ /rgf

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xftdf 5 . ltdLn] klxnf] k6sdfg} P;Pn;L bf];|f] >]0fLdf kf; ug'{ k5{ . Ú eGb} pT;fx yKg' x'GYof] . d}n] u'?sf] cfzLj{rgnfO{ k"0f{ ¿kdf kfng u/]F . klxnf] k6sdfg} kf; u/]F . P;Pn;L kf; u/] kl5 k/dfgGb u'?sf] 3/df uP/ 9f]Fu u/]F / km]l/ dfkmL dfu]F . …d}n] Tof] 36gf la;]{F . xfdLnfO{ slt ljBfyL{n] slxn] s] u/] eGg] ;Demgf sxfF x'G5 / < ljBfyL{ t xfd|f ;Gtlt x'g\, b]zsf ;DklQ . ltdL cWoogzLn 5f} . k9\g ;S5f} . a'afn] k9fpg klg ;Sg' x'G5 . ltdL kf]v/f jf kfNkf uP/ la=P=;Dd k9 . To;kl5 d}n] ltdLnfO{ k"/} dfkmL lbg]5' .Ú d}n] u'?;Fu k'/fgf] s'/f pSsfP/ dfkmdfUbf To;f] eGg' eof] . dgel/ kfNkf / kf]v/fsf ;kgf af]s]/ 3/ uPF . gf} sIffdf k9\bf Ps k6s kfNkf k'u]/ klxnf] k6s df]6/ b]v]sf] x'F d}n] . cfly{s sf/0fn] kf]v/f / kfNkf hfg] ;kgf ljkgf x'g ;s]g . ;fdfGo ls;fg kl/jf/sf] nflu Tof] sl7g lyof] . efOn] k9\g afFsL lyof] . To;}n], d ef/tsf] pQ/k"j{ adf{ ;Ldf ghLs /x]sf] ldhf]/fd hxfF d]/f] sfsf x'Gf'x'GYof] ToxfF k'u]F . ;]gfdf etL{x'g] k|:tfj :jLsf/ ul/gF . d sgLs'yL u/L gy{ Oi6g{ lxN; o'lgel:f{l6 cGtu{tsf] kf5'Ëf sn]hdf egf{ ePF . ToxfFaf6 la=P= kf; u/]/ g]kfn kms]{F . To;a]nf u'? afR5fdf k9fpg' x'bf] /x]5 . ToxfF k'u]F . la=P= kf; u/]sf] k|df0fkq u'?sf] xftdf /fVb} …u'? d}n] la=P kf; u/]F . d]/f] tkm{af6 xh"/sf] nflu u'? blIf0ff oxL k|df0fkq xf] . u'? dnfO{ dfkm ul/lbg' xf];\ ÛÚ eg]F . To;a]nf u'? efj's x'g'eof] . d]/f cfFvfaf6 klg cfFz' v;] . tTsfn} u'?n] dnfO{ cFufnf] xfNg' eof] . clg, b'j} xft d]/f b'j} s'ddf /fv]/ eGg' eof] – … d}n] ToxL lbg :s"ndfg} dfkm u/]sf] x'F . la=P= kf; u¥of}F . d xlif{t ePF . ca klg ltdL ufpFdf ge'n . sf7df8f}F hfp / Pd=P= u/ .Ú u'?n] dnfO{ km]l/ csf]{ lhDd]jf/L ;lxtsf] cfzLjf{bsf] y}nL d]/f] cFh'nLel/ /flvlbg' eof] . ToxL y}nLnfO{ dgdlGb/df /fv]/ d sf7df8f}F l5/]F, @)#( kmfu'gdf . d}n] ljZjljBfnoaf6 pRr lzIff lnPsf] s'/f klg u'?nfO{ hfgsf/L lbPF . To;kl5 w]/} k6s xfd|f] e]6 eof] . u'? d b]lv k|;Gg x'g'x'G5 . jxfFsf] cfzLjf{bn] d}n] hLjgsf] uf]/]6f]df kfOnf rfNg] ;fx; a6'n]F . u'?k|lt d C0fL5' . lhDd]jf/ / OdfGbf/ x'g ;s]dfq u'?sf] C0f ltg{ ;lsG5, To;sf] d"Nofª\sg Oltxf;n] ug]{ xf] . o;} ;+:d/0f dfkm{t\ gjnk/f;Lsf] u}+8fsf]6df /xg'ePsf d]/f cfb/0fLo u'?sf] ;':jf:Yo / bL3f{o'sf] sfdgf ub}{ of] ;+:d/0faf6 labf x'G5' . (*$!#&&)*# à sf7df8f}+ k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 61


1ftJo

cfkm}+ h:tf df8\;fa /f]rs l3ld/]

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[s'/fsfgLdf cfwfl/t of] n]v & ebf} @)&^ sf] …sflGtk'/ sf];]nLÚ af6 ;fef/ lnOPsf] xf] . kf/; g]kfnåf/f lnlka4 o; n]vdf lbj+ut ;|i6f dbgdl0f bLlIftsf] JolQmTj / s[ltTjsf ljljw afGsL k|:t't ePsf] 5 . …sflGtk'/Údf gc6]sf t:jL/ oxfF ylkPsf x'g\ . k|=;+=] Tof] lbg laxfg ;ft ah]lt/ gu]Gb| -zdf{_ hLn] dnfO{ kmf]g ub}{ ;f]Wg'ef], …s]xL ;'Gg'ef] <Ú d}n] eg]“, …5}g t ÛÚ …xfd|f a"9f t laTg'eP5 lg ÛÚ df8\;fa -dbgdl0f bLlIft_ af/] of] va/ ;'g]/ d vª\u|ª\ª} eP“ . b'O{tLg dxLgfcufl8 pxf“sf] ;Ddfg sfo{qmddf e]6 ePsf] lyof] . cfkm"n] nueu 5 bzs ;ª\ut u/]sf lkt[t'No JolQmsf] cj;fgsf] va/n] dnfO{ cfkm\g} lktf -;f]dgfy l3ld/] ljb]z ofqfdf dbgdl0f bLlIft;Fu /f]rs l3ld/] Jof;_ lat]sf] b'Mvb cg'e"lt lbof] . gu]Gb|hL uf}/L3f6af6 / d uxgfkf]v/Laf6 1fg]Zj/sf] lxdfn xl:k6n k'Uof}“ . Toxf“ df8\;fasf] kfly{j z/L/ clGtd >4f~hnLsf nflu g]kfn k|1f k|lti7fgdf /fVg] s'/f] rNb} /x]5 . 3/df cfdfnfO{ ;Dxfln/x]sf ljgf]bnfO{ of] k|:tfj dg k/]sf] /x]g5 . d}n] klg eg]“, …df8\;fa o:tf] rngsf] lj/f]wL x'g'x'GYof] . To; sf/0f Tof] sfd gu/f}“ .Ú dnfO{ yfxf lyof], df8\;fa k|1fsf] pks'nklt x'g'x'“bf Ps lbg Toxf“ s'g} snfsf/sf] kfly{j z/L/ clGtd >4f~hnLsf nflu /fVg] s'/f] eP5 . df8\;fan] To;sf] k|ltjfb ub}{ eGg'eP5, …of] ;/:jtLsf] dlGb/ xf], d'bf{3/ xf]Og .Ú of] ;'gfp“b} d}n] eg]“, …df8\;fasf] dfGotfljk/Lt sfd gu/f}“ . ljgf]bsf] c8fg dnfO{ klg 7Ls nfUof 5 .Ú kz'klt cfo{3f6df df8\;fasf] bfx;+:sf/ u/]/ kms]s { f] lgs} lbg;Dd ddf Ps lsl;dsf] l/Qmtf dx;"; eO/Xof] . ghLssf] cleefjs u'dfPsf] af]wn] dnfO{ lylr/x\of] . x'g klg @)!%–!^ ;fnlt/ klxnf] e]6 ePotf dnfO{ pxf“sf] clGtd cj:yf;Dd lgs6 d08nLd} /lx/xg] ;f}efUo ldn]sf] lyof] . 62 ÷ /rgf

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lzIfs, kmf]6f]u|fkm/, kqsf/ / ;flxTosf/ u/L pxf“sf rf/ JolQmTjdWo] lzIfsafx]s cGo;“u ;'kl/lrt x'g] cj;/ d}n] kfPsf] lyP“ . Jofks af}l4stf, k|frLg / cjf{rLg jfª\dosf] cWoogzLntf, j]bsfnLg ;dfh / ;Eotfk|ltsf] ulx/f] lrGtzLntfsf ;fy} cfw'lgs ;dfhnfO{ x]g]{ j}1flgs b[li6sf]0f nufotsf sf/0f pxf“sf] JolQmTj ;Ddf]xs lyof] .

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agf/;af6 jL/uGh cfO{ cWofkgdf nfu]sf df8\;fan] @)!# ;fnb]lv sf7df8f}“nfO{ sfo{ynf] agfpg'ePsf] lyof] . To;sf] s]xL ;dokl5 …xfnva/Ú b}lgsdf cfa4 x'g'eof] . To;sf dflns lyP /ª\ ugfy zdf{ -g]kfn /fi6« a}“ssf ueg{/ s'nz]v/ zdf{sf bfh', kl5 /fh;ef :yfoL ;ldltsf ;efklt_, >LdtL /Ltf bLlIft, dbgdl0f bLlIft, /f]rs l3ld/], hf] /fli6«o k|hftflGqs dxf;efsf gu]Gb|/fh zdf{ / ljgf]b bLlIft cWoIf klg lyP . of] kf6L{ /fhf dx]Gb|n] @)!% ;fndf g]kfnL sfª\u|];nfO{ sfpG6/ lbg v8f u/fPsf lyP . df8\;fa …xfnva/Ú sf] k|wfg ;Dkfbs eP klg ;Dkfbssf ¿kdf lk|G6 nfOgdf rflx“ bftf/fd zdf{sf] gfd 5flkGYof] . e}/j cof{n klg To;}df sfd uy]{ . d]/f k"j{kl/lrt cof{nnfO{ e]6\g …xfnva/Ú sf] sdnkf]v/L sfof{no hf“bf ToxL“ pgn] df8\;fanfO{ lrgfOlbPsf lyP . d}n] j/}af6 pxf“sf] lbJo bz{g kfPsf] lyP“ . kl5 …;dLIffÚ lgl:sg yfn]kl5 pxf“k|ltsf] d]/f] >4f emg\ emg\ r'ln“b} uof] . pxf“;u“ cf}krfl/s kl/ro rflx“ d}n] klg klqsf lgsfNg yfn]kl5 eof] . d}n] @)!* k';b]lv …/rgfÚ zLif{s ;flxlTos klqsfsf] ;Dkfbg÷k|sfzg z'¿ u/]sf] lyP“ . …/rgfÚ sf nflu /rgf dfUg cof{n;“u d Ko'vf 6f]ndf /x]sf] pxf“sf] 8]/f uP“ . pxf“ /fli6«o k':tsfnocufl8sf] Pp6f 3/sf] dflyNnf] tnfdf ;kl/jf/ a:g'xG' Yof] . tNnf] tnfdf rflx“ kmf]6f] :6'l8of] vf]Ng'ePsf] /x]5 . Tof] lbg pxf“n] /rgf t lbg'ePg, :g]x rflx“ ToxL a]nfb]lv ug{ yfNg'eof] . pxf“x¿ /~hgf uNnLdf 8]/f ;/]kl5 klg d e]]6\g uO/xGy]“ . kl5kl5 pxf“n] …/rgfÚ nfO{ dfof ug{ yfNg'ePsf] lyof] . of] lxdlrd pxf“ sflnsf:yfgsf] cfkm\g} 3/df ;/]kl5 emg\ emf“lu“b} uPsf] lyof] . lgoldt cGt/fndf xfdL e]6\g] uYof}{+ . pxf“ d]/f lktfsf] k':tsfnoaf6 j]b / k'/f0f

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/rgf ÷ 63


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k|wfgdGqL ePkl5 aLkL sf]O/fnfn] pxf“nfO{ eg]5g\, …ultnf], lgikIf, ;/sf/sf] :j:y cfnf]rgf klg ug]{, t6:y vfnsf] klqsf lgsfNg'k¥of] . tkfO{+n] g]t[Tj lnOlbg'k¥of] . d cfly{s ;xof]u u5'{ .Ú @)!& ;fnsf] s'/f xf] of] . Tof] a]nf aDaO{af6 cf/s] s/lGhofn] … lAn6\hÚ zLif{s ;fKtflxs lgsfNy] . lxGbL / c+u|]hLdf lgl:sg] Tof] klqsf g]kfndf klg lgs} nf]slk|o lyof] . df8\;fan] To;}nfO{ df]8n agfP/ ;q ;fnb]lv g} …;dLIffÚ lgsfNg yfNg'eof] . …;dLIffÚ sf] k|sfzg g]kfnL kqsfl/tfdf gof“ kl/36gf ;flat eof] . To:tf] ljrf/, To:tf ;fdu|L ePsf] klqsf To;cl3 g]kfnaf6 lg:s]s} lyPg . of] g]kfnL kqsfl/tfsf] sf]N6f]km]/fO aGof] . …xfnva/Ú, tfl/0fLk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] …sNkgfÚ b}lgssf kf7s xfdLnfO{ …;dLIffÚ n] klxNo} c+sb]lv cfsif{0f ub}{ uof] . of] klqsf kl5 df8\;fan] sflnsf:yfg 3/d} :yfkgf u/]sf] k|efs/L k|];df 5flkGYof] . d klqsf k9\g k|foM ToxL“ hfGy]“ . g]kfnL klqsfx¿df a]Un} kl/ro af]s]/ lgl:sof] of] klqsf . ;dfrf/ x¿sf] ljZn]if0f, ;fdu|L rog, kf7sLo ?lr;“u d]n vfg] ljljw :tDen] ubf{ …;dLIffÚ Tof] a]nf a]hf]8 klqsf dflgGYof] . df8\;fasf] ;Dkfbg bIftfn] ubf{ of] klqsf af}l4s kf7sx¿sf] ef]s t[Kt ug]{ dfq xf]Og, kf7sLo ?lrnfO{ kl/is[t u/fp“b} ltgsf] clgjfo{ cfjZostfsf] ;fwg;d]t aGof] . o;sf] k|To]s c+s k7gLo x'GYof] . kf7sx¿dfem …;dLIffÚ sf] ;DkfbsLo / pxf“sf] lgoldt :tDe …rqmkfl0fsf] sndÚ lgs} nf]slk|o lyP . dnfO{ klg pxf“n] …;dLIffÚ df :tDe n]Vg k|]l/t ug'{ePsf] lyof] . …/f]rs 3f]rsÚ zLif{s d]/f] lgoldt :tDe lgs} ;do 5flkof] . kl5 c¿ ;fKtflxsn] ToxL zLif{sdf s]s] n]Vg yfn]kl5 d}n] …;dLIffÚ df n]Vg 5f8]“ . …;dLIffÚ df pxf“n] v/f] kqsfl/tf ug'{eof] . @)#$ ;fnlt/ aLkLsf] cGtjf{tf{ 5fKg'eof], kmf]6f];lxt . hgdt ;+u|xdf ax'bnsf] kIfdf …;dLIffÚ sf] ;lqmo e"ldsf lyof] . oxL sf/0f lgoldt cGt/fndf pxf“ ;Qfsf] sf]kefhg alg/xg'eof] . k~rfotlj/f]wL Tof] klqsfdf pxf“ s;};“u g8uL nflu/xg'eof] . slt;Dd eg], Ps rf]l6 cfkm\g} gft]bf/sf] cg}lts sfdsf] kbf{kmf; ul/lbg'ePsf] lyof] .

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cfTdbfx u5'{Ú eGg yfNg'eof] . /fk|p -/fdhLk|;fb pkfWofo_ kf]v/]nn] Pp6f e]6df pxf“sf] o:tf] ;f]r yfxf kfPkl5 eGg'eP5, …;dLIff k|ltaGwsf] pkof]u csf]{ sfddf ug'{;\ g df8\;fa Û ;flxlTos s[lt n]Vg';\ .Ú df8\;fan] Ps l5g ljrf/]/ ;f]Wg'eP5, …s] ljifodf n]v"“ <Ú j}lbs ;flxTosf Ps lsl;dsf cWo]tf kf]v/]nn] dfwjL–ufnj ;Gbe{ ;'gfpg'eP5 / o;}nfO{ k':tsfsf/df 9fNg ;'emfpg'eP5 . pxf“nfO{ …xf] t lg, of] ;QfeGbf d s'g lx;fan] ;fgf] 5' /Ú eGg] nfu]5 / o;nfO{ r'gf}tLsf ¿kdf :jLsfg'{eof] . pxf“sf] Pp6f afgL s:tf] lyof] eg], n]v]sf s'/f xfdLnfO{ ;'gfO/xg'x'GYof] . pxf“sf sltko dxŒjk"0f{ u|Gysf kf08'lnlk k|sfzgk"j{ g} ;'Gg] cj;/ xfdL ldq d08nLnfO{ k|fKt eO/xGYof] . /rgf ;'gfpg] qmddf cfkm\gf kfqsf 36gf j[QfGt;“u} efjljx\jn aGb} hfg'x'GYof] / ?g yfNg'x'GYof] . …dfwjLÚ b]lv …lqb]jLÚ / …e"ld;"QmÚ ;Dd s}of}“ rf]l6 xfdL af/Daf/ To:tf efj's If0fsf] ;fIfL ePsf lyof}“ . …dfwjLÚ sf w]/} cWofo pxf“n] n]Vb} xfdLnfO{ ;'gfp“b} ug'{ePsf] lyof], a//{ cf“;' emfb}{ . >f]tf ;d"xdf x'GYof}“, s[i0frGb|l;+x k|wfg, w'|jrGb| uf}td, w|'j ;fksf]6f, gu]Gb|hL, /fdhL, d nufot . xfdL k|f/lDes >f]tf÷kf7sn] … dfwjLÚ lgs} lSni6 ePsf] s'/f p7fp“bf pxf“sf] egfO x'GYof], …of] ;fdfGo kf7ssf nflu xf]Og . k9]sf dfG5]n] olQsf] efiff a'lemxfN5g\ .Ú

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cfkm" To:tf lgi0fft ljåfg\ ;flxTosf/ eP/ klg df8\;fa cg'h k':tf;“u cfkm\gf /rgfaf/] ;/;Nnfx ug]{ ug'x{ G' Yof] . slgi7x¿sf plrt ;'emfjnfO{ u|x0f ug],{ ;Ddfg ug]{ ug'x{ G' Yof] . To:tf] ljgozLn x'gx' G' Yof] pxf“ . slgi7 ;h{sx¿;“u cfkm\gf s[ltsf] e"ldsf n]vfOdfUg], slgi7 ;h{sx¿nfO{ k|fT] ;flxt ug{ ltgsf sfdk|lt xflb{s k|z; + f efj JoQm ug{ sGh':ofO“ gug],{ gf/L hfltk|lt c;Ld s?0ff / ;b\efj /fVg] :jefjsf x'gx' G' Yof] . t/ sltslt a]nf Tof] :jefj unt 7fp“df klg kg]{ uYof]{ . ;[hgfTds Ifdt} gePsfn] klg pxf“sf s[ltsf] e"ldsf n]vs x'g] ;f}efUo kfp“y] .

kmf]6f]u|fkm/ df8\;fa Psbd /fd|f] kmf]6f]u|fkm/ x'g'x'GYof] . …xfnva/Ú df cfa4 x'g'cl3 g} pxf“n] kmf]6f] :6'l8of] vf]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . pxf“n] o:tfo:tf JolQmx¿sf olt kmf]6f lvRg'ePsf] lyof], Tof] clxn] P]ltxfl;s ;+sng 7xl/g ;S5 . ;ft ;fnkl5sf g]kfnL /fhgLlt1;lxt c;+Vo JolQmTjnfO{ pxf“n] Sofd]/fdf s}b ug'{ePsf] lyof] . dxfslj b]]jsf]6fsf] clGtd kmf]6f] pxf“n] k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 65


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g} lvRg'ePsf] xf] . SofG;/n] ynf k/]kl5 b]jsf]6fnfO{ cfo{3f6d} a;f]af; u/fOPsf] lyof] . kz'kltgfysf] rGbg nufPsf, cfuGt'sx¿nfO{ gd:sf/ kmsf{O/x]sf, SofG;/n] Vofp6f] kf/]sf] cg'xf/sf b]jsf]6fsf] Tof] kmf]6f] pxf“n] @)!^ ;fn ebf} @ ( ut] laxfg ;f9] gf} ah]lt/ lvRg'ePsf] lyof] . ToxL lbg ;f“em 5 ah]lt/ b]jsf]6f laltxfNg'eof] . pxfFn] x:tfIf/ u/]/ lbg'ePsf] Tof] kmf]6f] d ;Fu ;'/lIft 5 .

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ljåQf / ljgozLntf df8\;fasf /f}“/f}“df lyP . t/, pxf“sf] JolQmTj k"0f{tM bf]if/lxt rflx“ lyPg . klxnf] e]6d} cyjf klxnf] /rgf k9]/} pxf“ s;}af6 k|efljt eOxfNg'x'GYof] / d'Qms07n] k|z+;f ug{ yflnxfNg'x'GYof] . To;/L tf/Lkm ul/Psf s]xL JolQm kl5 c;Ifd lgl:s“bf pxf“n] c;xh dfGg'kg]{ cj:yf klg cfof], sltslt a]nf . ;flxTosf/sf ¿kdf cfb/0fLo /xg'ePsf pxf“n] hLjgsf] pQ/f4{df rGb|zdz]/ / /fhf dx]Gb|sf] u'0fufgo'Qm k':ts n]Vg'eof] . kl5kl5 pxf“n] xfdL h:tf ;fyLefOsf /fd|f ;'emfj klg lng 5f8\ge ' Psf] lyof] . o:tf] :jefjn] pxf“sf n]v/rgfdf kl5Nnf] ;do c;+Vo lj/f]wfef; b]lvPsf 5g\ . df8\;fasf] hLjgsf] nfdf] sfnv08 sDo'lg:6 eP/ lat]sf] lyof] . sDo'lg:6af6 df]xe+u ePkl5 eg] pxf“sf] cf:yf s'g} Ps s]Gb|df l:y/ /x]g . …;dLIffÚ dfkm{t lg/+s'z k~rfot Joj:yflj?4 hgefjgf tof/ kfg{ k|ToIf–ck|ToIf ¿kn] snd rnfp“bf ;Qfaf6 pxf“n] a]nfa]nf lgs} ;s; a]xf]g'{k¥of] . t/ cfkm"nfO{ ;s; lbg] Joj:yfk|lt kl5kl5 pbf/tf b]vfpg yfNg'eof] . o:tf] Jojxf/sf sf/0f pxf“ ljjflbt x'g'eof] . 3/L /fhf, 3/L lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf t 3/L dgdf]xg clwsf/L jf ;Qf–/fhgLltsf cGo rl/qnfO{ r'Nofpg cfkm\gf] n]vgLsf] pmhf{ vlr{P/ ltgaf6 lk|otfsf] ck]Iff /fVg' pxf“ h:tf JolQmsf nflu ;'xfp“bf] s'/f] lyPg . tyflk, df8\;fa g]kfnsf ct'ngLo dgLlif, ;jf{lws pmhf{zLn ;|i6f x'g'x'GYof] . pxf“df ;/:jtLsf] c;Ld cg'sDkf lyof] . …dfwjLÚ h:tf sfnhoL s[ltsf n]vssf ¿kdf, j}lbs ;Eotfsf cflwsfl/s j}1flgs JofVoftf / 1ftfsf ¿kdf pxf“sf] ;'gfd g]kfnL ;dfhdf cgGt sfn;Dd /lx/xg]5 Û 66 ÷ /rgf

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…pboÚsf] klxnf] cª\s uf]ljGb lu/L k|]/0ff

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agf/;jf6 k|sflzt tyf agf/;sf kof{o sflzaxfb'/ >]i7åf/f ;Dkflbt æpboÚÚ sf] dxTj P]ltxfl;s 5 . g]kfn aflx/af6 g]kfnL efiff ;flxTo Pjd\ ;+:s[ltsf nflu ;dlk{t eP/ lg:s]sf] of] klqsfsf] klxnf] cª\s lj=;+=!((# df3df k|sflzt ePsf] lyof] . o; klxnf] cª\ ssf] ;DkfbsLodf n]lvPsf] 5M æpbo Û o; pbo zAbdf g} s'GgL slt k|efj 5 < slQsf] pNnf; 5M slt cfsif{0f 5, slt cfzfsf] ;dfj]z 5 < ToxL æpboÚÚ cfkm\gf k"0f{ k|efj cfˆgf c;Ld pNnf;, cfkm\gf k"/f cfsif{0f, cfkm\g' cgGt cfzfsf ;fy cfh tkfO{+sf], ;dfhsf] tyf b]zsf] ;]jf ug{sf] nflu pbo ePsf] 5 . ;"of{]bo x'g sf] rfxFb}g < efUof]bosf nflu sf] nfnflot x'Fb}g < 1fgf]bosf] OR5f s;nfO{ 5}g < t/ æpboÚÚ zAb lagf ;"o{, efUo tyf 1fgsf] s] dxTj 5 < æpboÚÚ zAbsf] ;+of]un] g} t ;+;f/ Ogsf k5fl8 bu'/]sf 5g\ . Ogsf] hf] k|lti7f 5, ;f] s]jn æpboÚÚnfO{ PlQsf] zlQm k|bfg u/]sf 5g\ . pg} boflglw To; dxTjzfnL æpboÚÚsf]-k|Nxfbsf] nHhf /fv]sf] h:t}_ pbof]bosf] klg nHhf /fVg] g} 5g\ . km]l/ ha ls cfh æpboÚÚ sf] pbo eO;Sof] –o:tf] æpboÚÚ sf] pbo hf] cfkm\g' æ;To+–lzjd\–;'Gb/d\ÚÚ sf] t]hf]do k|sfzdf æclzj+–c;Tod\– c;'Gb/d\ÚÚ sf] k|uf9td\ cGwsf/nfO{ ljnLg ug{ ;Sg] ;Qf -jn_ /fVb5 . hf] ljBf / 1fgsf] cgGt zLtn wf/fn] c1fg tyf cljBfn] ;GtKt xfd|f g]kfnL ;dfhsf s'gf s'gfdf kmnfO{ km'NofO{ lbg] zlQm /fVb5 . hf] s[lif k|wfg dw]z lhNnf ef/t b]zsf d[t k|foM u|fDo hLjgdf gjLg :km"lt{ tyf pT;fxsf] dxfdGq km'Fsg] ;fx; /fVb5 . hf] ls b]zsf ;fdflhs, g}lts, ef}lts tyf cfWoflTds hLjgsf] sfofkn6 u/]/ . ;+s'lrt efjnfO{ cfkm\gf t]hdf eid ugf{nfO{ g} pbo ePsf] 5 .ÚÚ o;/L ;DkfbsLo lgs} g} bfz{lgs tj/n] n]lvPsf] 5 . o;df pbosf] lgod egL a"Fbfut ¿kdf o; k|sf/ k|sflzt 5 M k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 67


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!, pbo k|To]s cFu|]hL dlxgfsf] k|yd ;Ktfxdfu|fxsx¿sf ;]jfdf k'lug]5 . @, n]v, ;fdfu|L, ;dfnf]rgfnfO{ k':ts Pjd\ c¿ kl/jt{gfy{ kq– klqsfx¿ ;Dkfbs pbo tyf ?k}ofF k};f cflb Joj:yfks pbo egL pbo sfof{no @#.$# b"w ljgfos agf/; l;6Lsf] 7]ufgfdf k7fpg' k5{ . #, /rgf x]/L ;'n]vsx¿nfO{ k'/:sf/ klg lbg] k|jGw ul/Psf] 5 . $, pbodf ljjfbu|:t /rgf Pj+ /fhg}lts ljifon] :yfg kfpg] 5}g . pbosf] gLlt cg';f/ ;'n]vsx¿n] oL b'O{ ljifo arfOsg /rgf k7fpg] Vofn /fVg'k5{ . %, pbodf k|sfzgfy{ /rgfx¿ To;sf] p2]Zofg's"n k7fpg'k5{ . n]v cflb hxfF;Dd x'G5 ;+lIfKt tyf ;/; Pj+ ;'jf]w x'g' cfjZos 5 . /rgf hlQsf] ;+lIfKt x'G5 pbon] plQs} Wofg lbg]5 . of] ;"rgfsf] cltl/Qm k|sfzsLodf n]lvPsf] 5M æ===olb xfd|f s[kfn' kf7sx¿n] o; dxfg pBf]udf xfdLnfO{ ;xof]u u/L æpboÚÚ sf] k|rf/ a9fpgdf xfd|f] d2t u/] eg] xfdL lgZro g} cfkm\g' of]hgfnfO{ sfo{¿kdf kl/0ft u/L b]vfOlbg]5f}+ . ;fy} g]kfnL–;flxTosf w'/Gw/ ljb\jfg, ;Dkfbs, ;'n]vsx¿;Fu klg xfd|f] ljgd| lgj]bg 5 ls tL xfd|f] k|f/lDes q'6Lx¿dfly Wofg lbO{æpboÚÚ nfO{ cfkm\g} lrh ;DemLsg o:sf] pGgltsf] dfu{nfO{ k|z:t ugf{df ;xfos xf]pg\ . xfdLnfO{ cfzf g} xf]Og k"0f{ ljZjf; 5 ls xfd|f pbf/ kf7s æpboÚÚdf clnslt klg To; ljz]iftfsf] cg'ej ug{]5g\ hf] ls cfh;Dd cGo kq– klqsfx¿sf] kl/lwjf6 aflx/ lyof] . ;do cf} cg'ejsf] k|ultsf cg';f/ æpboÚÚsf] jfXo cfGtl/s ;f}Gbo{ klg lgv|b} hfg]5 . ÚÚ o; klqsfnfO{ ljljw ljifo lje"lift Ps dfq g]kfnL dfl;s kq elgPsf] 5 / o; cª\sdf l;l4r/0f >]i7sf] æpboÚÚ zLif{ssf] sljtf k|sflzt 5M pbo pbo ef] :jfut emNs ;'Gb/ g"tg o'usf] nx/L k"j{ æpboÚÚsf] Hof]lt ntf/L hLjgf]blwdf 5n5n 5Ns 5 hxfF sfnf] ToxfF pHofnf] hxfF pHofnf] ToxfF gf}nf] hxfF gf}nf] ToxfF el/nf] km]lgn jfnL 5n 5n 5Ns 68 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^@


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æpboÚÚ klqsfdf pbo zAb / efjsf] of] l;l4r/0f sf] sljtfn] pbonfO{ pbof]Gd'v ;fljt u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L æpbosf] p2]ZoÚÚ zLif{ssf] csf{] sljtf 5 slj/fh uf}tdsf] . o; sljtfdf klg pbosf] :jl:t ufOPsf] 5– clj/n ef/t k|fRo pg} snf qmdl;t} u/L ;]jg x'F enf ;j lbdfuL x6fpF egL e|d pbosf] u/ sb/ xb{d ))) >j0f cf} dggflbx¿ u/L pklgift\k|e[lt k9L x3{/L 5 b'O{ cfTd lebf u?F lgu{d pbosf] u/ sb/ xb{d . ))) 5 slj/fh–sljTj ljzf]lwt z'e /;fog ;]jg lbn t lnpF egL ky ef]–hg ;Qd pbosf] u/ sb/ xb{d oL b'O{ sljtfsf cltl/Qm o; cª\ssf] csf{] ;flxlTos v'/fs xf] æ6'6]sf] jL0ffÚÚ zLif{ssf] syf h;sf syfsf/ x'g\–k"0f{bf; . o;df of}6f cw"/f] k|]dsf] syf 5 . syfsf] l;/fgLdf d'lb|t oL b'O{ kª\ltn] klg ToxL hgfpFF5M k|]d :jKg slQsf] dL7f] k/Gt'=====sltsf] cw"/f] ÛÛ o; syfdf x]d / ;/nfsf] jfNosfnb]lvsf] k|]d, :g]x / :jKg ;+;f/nfO{ ;/nfsfafa' cfdfn] ;/nfnfO{ lax] ul/lbg] lg0f{o;Fu} 6'6]/ æ6'6]sf] jL0ffÚÚ ePsf] 5 . syfdf cfw'lgs k|:t'lt b]lvG5 eg] j0f{g z}nL klg cfsif{s 5M æ;"o{b]j cfkm\gf] /hgLl;t ldng x]t' pT;'stf b]vfO{/x]sf lyP . klZrdfsfz t?0fLsf] nfnL lnO{ k|s[ltnfO{ df]lxt kfg{ nfu]sf] lyof] . lztn ;ld/n] dg pNnl;t lyof] . d]/f] s07jf6 lgl:Sof]–h'g]nL /ftdf lk|osf] ;fydf jgdf 3'd]sf] . d]/f] uLtsf] c¿ s07n] k"lt{ u¥of]–3'd]sf] xf]Og, k|]dsf] d]ndf k|]d g} 5Ns]sf] . ))) k"0ff{Í – !^@

ebf}–c;f]h @)&^

/rgf ÷ 69


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70 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^@


gggprerana@gmail.com

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))) efj'stf s] xf] < j]u, t"kmfgh, af9L Û ljj]s s]xf] < ;tt ;dfg k|jfx ÛÛ ))) ljZj j}lrq\oaf6M :qL k'?if a'9fk]i6sf] Pp6f c:ktfndf Pp6L t?0fL s]6Lsf] ck/]zg ePsf] lyof] . ck/]zgn] s]6L k'?if eO{ uOg\ . To;sf] ljjfx ePsf] *.( dlxgf dfq ePsf] lyof] . cj To;df :qLTjsf] s]xL lrGx afFsL 5}g . bfX|L h'Fuf klg lg:sL cfPsf] 5 . 6fpsf] kl5lNt/ cfFvfM sgf8fsf] Pp6f 8fS6/n] cfk/]zgb\jf/f Pshgf dflg;sf] 6fpsf]sf] kl5lNt/ cfFvf agfOlbPsf] 5 . Tof] dflg; Psbd} cGwf] eOlbPsf] lyof] cf} hj To;nfO{ cfk/]zg ubf{ klg ljkmn eof] t pQm 8fS6/n] bf];|f] pkfob\ jf/f ck/]zgu¥of] . o; s[lqd cfFvfn] Tof] x]g{ cf} lrGx ;Sb5 t/ /fd|f];Fu k9\g ;Sb}g . tkfO{+nfO{ yfxf xf]j}gaf6M n08gsf] So" gfds au}+rfdf 8]8 nfv dflg; /f]h xfjf vfg hfG5g\ . ))) ;fwf/0f dflg;sf] X[bo kfFr O{~r nfdf], ;fF9] tLg O{~r rf}8f cf}/ c9fO{ O{Gr df]6f] x'G5 . ;flxlTos kqsfl/tfsf] Oltxf;sf] of}6f w/f]x/sf] ¿kdf /xg] æpboÚÚ sf] of] klxnf] cª\s ;flxlTos ;fdu|Lsf] lx;fjn] sd dxTjsf] b]lvP klg ;du|df k7gLo / /f]rs ¿kdf cfPsf] lyof] .

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/rgf ÷ 71


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dft[sf kf]v/]n g]kfnL ;flxTosf] If]qdf rlr{t gfd xf] . lktf gGbnfn kf]v/]n dftf ;Ltfb]jL kf]v/]nsf ;'k'q dft[sfsf] hGd 7fgfufpF yfdvs{, pbok'/df @)@# c;f/ ( ut] ePsf] xf] . pxfFsf] lzIffsf] ;Gbe{df x]bf{ g]kfnLdf Pd=P=-lqlj_;Ddsf] cWoog /x]sf] b]lvG5 . g]kfnL ;flxTosf] If]qdf ljz]if u/]/ sljtfdf of]ubfg ug'{ePsf slj kf]v/]nsf k|sflzt s[lt x'g\ M ;]tf]b/jf/sf] 5]paf6 -sljtf;ª\u|x @)%&_, ofqfsf] Pp6f b[Zo -sljtf;ª\u|x @)^)_, ;Gq:t cfFvfx¿ -sljtf;ª\u|x @)^!_, cg'xf/x¿ -sljtf;ª\u|x @)^$_, ldqtfsf] cfsfz -sljtf;ª\ u|x @)&^_ / 3fd e'mlNsg'cl3 -syf;ª\u|x @)^&_ . g]kfnL ;flxTosf] ;]jf u/]afkt ljleGg ;ª\3÷;+:yfx¿n] ;Ddfg u/]sf 5g\ . sfhL/f]zg kf08'lnlk k'/:sf/ -wf}nflul/ ;flxTo k|lti7fgåf/f …cg'xf/x¿Ú -sljtf;ª\ u|x @)%&_sf nflu_, l;Dkn cf6{; ;Ddfg -@)^(_ ;|i6f r}q #) ;Ddfg -@)&$_ af6 ;Ddflgt tyf k'/:s[t ePsf] b]lvG5 . ;flxlTos Pj+ cGo ;ª\3;+:yfx¿sf] ;+nUgtf o:tf] /x]sf] 5 M k|ultzLn n]vs ;ª\3 Pj+ j]bgf ;flxlTos, ;'gfv/L ;Gb]z, ;+i| 6f ;flxlTos, Hof]lt ;flxlTos klqsfx¿df -;Nnfxsf/_, g]kfn ;lxlTos kqsf/ ;ª\3 -jl/i7 pkfWoIf_, b]jsf]6f n';g ' k|1f k|lti7fg / o'4k|;fb ld> :d[lt k|lti7fg -pkfWoIf_, ejfgL l3ld/] ;flxlTos k|lti7fg, kfl/hft :d[lt s]Gb|, /d]z 72 ÷ /rgf

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ljsn ;flxTo k|lti7fg, 3gZofd 9sfn ;f+:s[lts k|lti7fg, lgd{n nfdf :d[lt k|lti7fgsf -sfo{;ldlt ;b:o_ /xg'ePsf] 5 . pxfFdf k|1fk|lti7fgdf k|f1kl/ifb\ ;b:o / k|n; ] sf] cWoIf;Ddsf] sfo{ ;Dkfbgsf ;fy} cg]sf}F ;+:yfsf ;+:yfks, ;~rfnssf;fy}/fhg}lts ;+:yf;~rfngsf] cg'ej klg /x]sf] 5 . ;dsfnLg ;flxTo, syfno, ljsn :dfl/sf, cfn]vg, Hof]lt, j]bgf, :d[ltdf ?b| v/]n, g]kfnL 8fo:kf]/fsf sljtf, gfufh'g { , hgdt cflb ljleGg kq–klqsf / :d[ltu|Gydf ;Dkfbgsf] sfo{ ug'e { Psf] 5 . o:tf cg]s lqmofsnfkdf ;+nUg JolStTjsf] ljifodf hfgsf/L lbg] qmddf of] n]vgsf] p2]Zo xf] – …ldqtfsf] cfsfzÚ -sljtf;ª\ux| @)&^_sf] ;Gbe{df ljxª\ufjnf]sg . /dfs[i0f ;[hgf k|lti7fg, sf7df8f}Faf6 k|sflzt of] s[ltdf g]kfnL ;flxTosf rlr{t JolStTj ;flxTosf/ Pj+ ;flxlTos kqsf/ 8L=cf/=kf]v/]nsf] e"ldsf /x]sf] 5, s[lt;Gbe{df pxfF eGg'x'G5 M slj ;dfhsf] ;jf{lws ;r]t JolSt xf] . Pp6f ;r]t JolSt ;dfhsf] b'Mv;'vdf lgMzAb /xg ;Sb}g . pm c;+j]bgzLn, cg'Q/bfoL c;/f]sf/ /fv]/ /xg klg ;Sb}g . ;dfhk|ltsf] p;sf] af}l4s bfloTj snf l;h{gf dfkm{t g} pm k"/f ub{5 / ul//xG5 . -k[i7 !%_ o;}u/L ;flxTosf/ dx]Gb|axfb'/ u'?ªsf] k|sfzsLo n]vgdf slj kf]v/]nsf ;Gbe{df elgPsf] 5 M b]zdf cfPsf] /fhgLlts kl/jt{g, kl/jt{gleq n's]sf / phfu/ x'g ps'; d's'; eP/ /x]sf cfzf / cfsfª\Iffx¿nfO{ cToGt a]hf]8 z}nLdf cleJoSt ul/Psf 5g\ ;ª\u|xdf . -k[i7 !_ se/k[i7df lbOPsf] ;ª\uLtsf] egfO dxŒjk"0f{ /x]sf] 5 M pgsf] lrGtgk|0ffnL / pgsf] hLjg Jojxf/, Tof] s]jn pgsf] lghL xf]Og, pgL ;Da4 cfGbf]ngsf] j}lzi6\osf] k|lt¿k xf] . o;/L slj kf]v/]nsf] ljifodf pxfFx¿sf] l6Kk0fL oyfy{df cfwfl/t 5 . kf]v/]nhLsf] hLjg To:t} /x]sf] 5 . /fd|f];Fu sljtfsf] ljifodf klg af]lnPsf] b]lvG5 / sljtfsf] b[li6sf]0f klg tbg'¿k /x]sf] kfOG5 .

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/rgf ÷ 73


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/rgf ÷ 75


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Ps ;ftf cl3sf] s'/f xf], ljj]s / d 6\ofª\nfkmfF6 l:yt uf]ljGb ;/sf] 3/df uPsf lyof}F . ;/n] nLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf d]/f] xftdf ydfpFb} eGg'eof], æcWoog u/]/ o; ;DaGwdf s]xL n]Vg", /fDf|f] 5 . Ps k6s k9\g} kg]{ ;ª\u|x .Æ d}n] ;f]r]sf] lyOFg, o:tf] klg lbg cfpnf h:tf] ls l;dfgf kfl/sf Tolt 7"nf lzv/ k'?if;Fu bf]xf]/f] ;+jfb xf]nf . To; lbg dxfg\ ;flxTosf/ nLnaxfb'/ IfqL;Fu kmf]gd} eP klg Ps b'O{ s'/f af]Ng kfpg' d]/f] nflu clj:d/0fLo If0f lyof] . dfgf}F, d}n] 6f9f w]/} 6f9f b'n{e tLy{ ofqf ug]{ cj;/ kfPsf] lyPF . To;} If0f cfkm"nfO{ wGo 7fgL uf]ljGb ;/nfO{ gdg u/]F . Tf/ Tof] s;}n] ;'g]g lsgls h'g s'/f df}g efjf]b\uf/ lyof] . jxfFn] To:tf] ;+of]u h'/fpFbf d w]/} k|;Gg ePF . k"jL{ ef/t, c;dsf ;|i6f nLnaxfb'/ If]qLn] ljleGg s[ltdf n]Vg' ePsf z'esfdgf tyf e"ldsfx¿nfO{ lrtjg lgjf;L ;flxTosf/ 8L=cf/= kf]v/]nHo"n] ;Íng / ;Dkfbg u/L xfn} nLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf zLif{sdf k|sflzt ug'{ ePsf] 5 . o; pNn]vgLo sd{n] b'O{ b]zLo g]kfnL ;flxTonfO{ hf]8\g] sfd u/]sf] 5 . k|foM ;a} ljwfx¿ h;dWo] sljtfdf– !$, lgaGwdf– ^, cfVofgdf– ^, gf6sdf– !, zf]w, cfTdsyf Pj+ cGo ljwfsf pkljwfdf– % u/L hDdf #@ j6f cfn]vx¿sf] ;ª\u|x, h;dfly 8f= uf]ljGb/fh e§/fO{sf] e"ldsf /x]sf] 5 . oxfF lj=;+= @)!% b]lv @)&$ ;fn;Ddsf /rgfx¿ ;dfj]z ePsf 5g\ . jf:tjdf dnfO{ lbOPsf] pQm;ª\u|xsf] lhDd]jf/L cs}{ lyof] . d}n] To;nfO{ k9L ;s]/ /rgf klqsfsf k|wfg ;Dkfbs /f]rs l3ld/]Ho"sf]df k'¥ofpg' 5 . d jxfFnfO{ a'jf eGg] u5{' . To;} 38L uf]ljGb ;/n] kmf]g u/]/ jxfFnfO{ eGg'eof], ænLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf ;ª\u|x 8L=cf/= kf]v/]n efOn] xh'/sf] nflu k7fpg' ePsf] 5 . Tof] d}n] clgtf gfgLnfO{ lbO{ k7fPsf] 5' . pg}n] ToxfF NofOk'¥ofpg] l5g\ .Æ 76 ÷ /rgf

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ta cfˆgf] lhDd]jf/L af]w ub}{ d}n] eg]F, æa'jf Û d s]xL lbgdf Totf cfpg] 5', ;dLIff ;lxt k':ts lnP/ .Æ æa¿ l5§} cfpg', /rgfsf] cfpFbf] cÍdf ltd|f] cfn]v 5kfpFnfÆ jxfFn] eGg'eof] . Tof] ;bfzoL tyf :g]xL efj sd}n] kfpnfg\ h'g d}n] kfO/x]sf] lyPF . dnfO{ uxgf kf]v/Ll:yt jxfFsf] lgjf;df hfg s'g} sl7gfO{ 5}g . a]nf a]nf d ToxfF uO/x]sf] x'G5' . d w]/} x':;' 5', lal;{xfNg] d;Fu Pp6f g/fd|f] afgL 5 . clxn] 7\ofSs} eGg ;lsgF . h]xf];\ d}n] nLnaxfb'/ ;/sf] a;fOF pkGof; v"a cfgGb lnP/ k9]sf] lyPF Tolt a]nf, h'g w]/} cl3sf] s'/f xf] . l/s'6] / em'dfn] cfh klg p;} u/L of] dgnfO{ lrofO{ /xG5g\ . o; 38L cfP/ d}n] aNn nLnaxfb'/ ;/nfO{ ;Dk"0f{ t gegf}F, oBlk w]/} xb;Dd lrGg] hfGg] cj;/ kfPF, uf]ljGb ;/ dfkm{t\ . cl:t ev{/sf] s'/f xf], d}n] jxfFsf] c;dsf] ofqfdf kN6gahf/sf] ck"j{ e]6zLif{sofqf lgaGwk9]sf] lyPF. ToxL lgaGwfTds /rgfaf6 d}n] a;fOF pkGof;sf n]vsnfO{ pl3|+bf] b[li6n] x]g{ kfPF . pQm /rgf kl9;s]kl5 dnfO{ o:tf] nfUof], d Pp6f cd/ Oltxf; k9\b}5' . nLnaxfb'/ ;/sf] dxfg\ / pRrtd\ ;flxlTos JolQmTj af/] To; lgaGwn] yf]/}df w]/} hfgsf/L ;Dk|]if u/]sf] lyof] . a;fOF pkGof;sf] Jofkstf klg ;fgf] /x]g5, lj:t[t . h'g s'/f o;cl3 dnfO{ af]w lyPg . ;fFlRr g} jxfF Ps j/]0o lzv/ ;flxTosf/ x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . g]kfnL efiff ;flxTosf] ulj{t JolQmTj . ta of] x[bo >4f / ;Ddfgn] jxfFsf k|lt em'ls/Xof] . nLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxfl;s e"ldsfaf6 cem lgs6 /x]/ d}n] jxfFnfO{ a'‰b} uPF . cfzf 5 c¿ a9L a'‰b} hfg] cj;/ ldNg] 5 . ;flxTosf cg]s ljwf pkljwfdf l;lh{t syf, sljtf, pkGof;, hLjgL, lgaGw, gf6s tyf cg';Gwfg nufotsf s[ltdf n]lvPsf /rgfx¿sf] ;du| ¿k g} NfLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf xf], h;nfO{ kf7sn] o;/L g} af]w ug]{5g\ . o; s[ltaf6 s] s'/f yfxf x'Fb}5 eg] k"jf{~rn ef/tsf c;d]nL g]kfnL ;dfhdf ;flxTosf] s'g ljwfnfO{ a9L ?rfOPsf] /x]5, s'g ljwf km:6fpFb} uPsf] 5, s'g ljwf km:6fpg ;s]sf] 5}g eGg] hfgsf/L ldNg]5 . Tolt dfq k"0ff{Í – !^@

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xf]Og ToxfFsf] ;flxlTos :t/sf] af/]df klg 1fg x'g]5 . o; u|Gyn] ;f7L jif{ cl3b]lvsf] c;d]nL g]kfnL ;flxTosf] tYofÍ ;fy} ToxfFsf] ;dflhs Oltxf;nfO{ af]s]sf] 5 . s'g} ;flxTo k9\bf xfdLn] To; ;flxTosf] ;dfhnfO{ klg kl9/x]sf x'G5f}F lsgls ;flxTo ;dfhs} k|ltR5fofF xf] . k|:t't u|Gysf e"ldsfx¿;Fu} oxfF c;d]nL g]kfnL ;dfhsf] cWoog x'g]5 . ToxfFsf] g]kfnL efiff ;flxTosf] ljsf; / ;d[l4sf] nflu nLnaxfb'/ ;/sf] Tofu / ;dk{0f slt /x]5 < Tof] klg yfxf x'g] 5 . clxn] dnfO{ o:tf] nflu/x]5 wGg ;dod} NfLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf k9\g kfP5' . ljifo k|;Ë cfpFbf e"ldsf n]vgsf] qmddf jxfFn] slt uxg efjn] ;flxlTos ljwfsf] lrgf/L klg u/fpg' ePsf] 5 . af]wuDo, ld7f], ;/n efiffdf sljtf eg]sf] s] xf] eGg] ;DaGwdf :ki6 kfb}{ Ps 7fpFdf jxfFn] eGg' ePsf] 5, æzAbx¿sf] ;dli6 sljtf xf]Og, zAbdf JolQmPsf] qmdj4 efjgf g} sljtf xf] . zAb hfndf h]lnPsf] efjgf leqleq} cFr]l6of] eg] klg To;n] klg cfˆgf] sljTjkg u'dfp5 . zAbx¿sf] snfTds k|of]uåf/f efjfleJolQm ub}{ kf7snfO{ af}l4s vf]/fsl;t} dfgl;s cfgGb lbg'df g} sljtfsf] >]otf lglxt 5 -k[=^ _ .Æ nLnaxfb'/ IfqLsf P]ltxf;s e"ldsf e"ldsf dfq geP/ of] g]kfNfL hfltsf] Pp6f Oltxf; xf] . cfˆgf] efiff ;flxTosf] cl:tTj hf]ufO /fVg, To;sf] kl/ro :yflkt ug{ ;ª\3if{/t c;d]nL g]kfnL kl/jf/k|lt ;Ddfg / cfTdLo efjn] of] dg g'u]sf] 5 . :je"lddf /xL d]/f] k|;Ggtf / xflb{stfn] el/Psf] gdgnfO{ :jLsfl/lbg' xf]nf . dnfO{ of] ;ª\u|x k9\bf s'g} 8fof:kf]l/s ;flxTo k9\b} t 5'Og < h:tf] klg efg eof] . k'Vof}{nL e"ldsf] dL7f] ;Demgf ptf k/fO{ e"ldsf] cfTdLotf / lgs6tf . otf hftLo :jfledfgnfO{ arfP/ cfˆgf] clwsf/ vf]Hg klg cfXjfg u/]sf 5g\, o; e"ldsf leqsf s[ltx¿n] . Pp6f lhDd]jf/Lk"0f{ cleefjs eP/ nLnaxfb'/ ;/n] :yflkt Pj+ gj ;|i6fnfO{ k|]dn], :g]xn], xflb{stfn] el/P/ s;/L ;fy lbg' ePsf] 5, lbzf lgb]{z ug'{ ePsf] 5, Tof] g} oxfF ;a}eGbf clws d"Nosf] ljifo /x]sf] 5 . jxfFk|lt ul/Psf] e/f];f, >4f, ;Ddfg klg ;fgf] 5}g . dfgf}F, jxfF To; ;dfhsf] cu|0fL lktf x''g'x'G5 . ;a}nfO{ Pp6} cfFvfn] x]g]{ jxfFsf] b[li6 slt Goflos 5 eg] s[ltsf] u'0f / bf]if vf;f]vf; elglbP/, cfufdL lbgdf cem kl/is[t x'Fb} /fd|f] ug{ jxfFn] ;Nnfx lbg' ePsf] 5 . jxfFsf] Tof] JolQmTj o; u|Gydf hxfFtxLF k9\g kfOG5 . k|To]s ;h{ssf s[ltnfO{ jxfFn] ;dfg Gofo lbg' ePsf] 5 . kf7ssf] x}l;otdf /x]/ o;} sf/0f jxfFnfO{ c;d]nL ;flxTo ;dfhsf] c;n 78 ÷ /rgf

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cleefjs eGg vf]lhPsf] xf] . cfˆgf ;GtltnfO{ kl/isf/ / kl/dfh{g u/L prfO r'Dg cfs[i6 u/fpg] k|]/0ff ;|f]t . e"ldsfdf dfq} ;Lldt ug{ o; u|GynfO{ ldNg] 5}g, oxfF ;flxTosf] ljwfut Oltxf;sf] klg cWoog ug{ kfOG5 . To;f] t e"ldsfx¿ cfkm}Fdf Ps Oltxf; ePsf 5g\ . efiff ;flxTok|lt jxfFsf] lrGtf p:t} ljrf/0fLo nfU5, uDeL/ . nLnaxfb'/ ;/sf] xflb{s tyf ;x[boL dgk|lt kf7sn] s'g zAbn] ;Ddfg u?g\ . z'esfdgf, e"ldsf, kmdf{O;L tyf n]vflb ca gn]Vg] c7f]6 t jxfFn] w]/} k6s ug'{ ePsf] 5 . k/Gt' cfkm" egL cfpg]x¿nfO{ …ef] d c;dy{ 5'Ú egL gsfg{ klg jxfFn] ;Sg' ePsf] 5}g . cfˆgf] n]vg sd{nfO{ yftL /fv]/ jxfF km]l/ cfˆgf] c7f]6 eTsfpg' x'G5 . xfg{ g;Sg] jxfFsf] afgLn] km]l/ p;} u/L lg/Gt/tf lbG5 ltg} sd{nfO{ . cfˆgf] l;h{gf sd{nfO{ aflwt u/fpFbfsf] jxfFsf] efjf]b\uf/;Fu} d}n] 8f= uf]ljGb/fh e§/fO{nfO{ ;lDemPF . jxfFn] klg w]/}kN6 To:t} ;+sNk ub}{ cfpg'ePsf], d}n] jxfFsf s]xL n]v, /rgf / cGtjf{tf{df k9\b} cfPsf] 5' . oBlk cfˆgf] ;+sNk arfP/ /fVg Tolt ;xh sxfF < P]ltxfl;s e"ldsf kl9/x+bf d}n] ;|i6f åosf] dgl:yltdf 7"nf] ;dfgtf kfPF . c;d]nL g]kfnLx¿sf] ;flxlTos dgf]efjgfn] k"0f{ r]tgfdf, of] z'is x[bo klg klUnPnf h:tf] eof] . ljleGg k]zf, Joj;fodf cfj4 eP/ pla|Psf] yf]/} ;dosf] klg dxŒj a'emL ;flxTodf nfUg] Wofg:y dgx¿ gdgLo 5g\ . o; e"ldsf ;ª\u|xaf6 cfh w]/} ;flxTo ;|i6fx¿sf] sd{ / JolQmTj ;a} dfem k'u]sf] 5, ph]lnPsf] 5 . c;d]nL ;flxTosf] ljut s:tf] lyof] / casf] ;do stf lgb]{z x'Fb}5 eGg] Pp6f cg'dfg klg oxfF ug{ ;lsg]5 . ;Dkfbs 8L=cf/= kf]v/]n ;/n] 7"nf] kl/>d u/L k|To]s s[ltsf] cfj/0f k[i7 / t:jL/ ;lxtsf] k':tssf] k|f¿k, k|:t't ug'{ ePsf] 5 . of] s[lt ;flxTosf/ nLnaxfb'/dfly cWoog cg';Gwfg ug]{x¿sf] lgldQ Ps ckl/xfo{ pkxf/ ag]sf] 5 . o; u|Gysf] cGTodf Pp6f e"ldsf cª\u|]hLdf /x]sf] 5 . otf nLnaxfb'/ ;/sf e"ldsfdf k|o'Qm c;ddf k|rlnt zAb / cy{ klg /flvPsf] 5, clg jxfFsf] ;+lIfKt kl/ro klg . o:tf s'zn ;Dkfbs 8L=cf/= kf]v/]n P+j lrtjgsf] xfd|f] l;h{gf k|sfzgnfO{ cg]s wGojfb 5 .  (*$(**#%^@ à sf7df8f}+

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sljtf ;kmn s;/L x'G5 eGg] ljifodf ljleGg dtx¿ 5g\–zf:qLo / cfw'lgs b'j} . kf7ssf] abln+bf] ?lrcg';f/ o;df km]/abn klg cfPsf] 5 . kf7ssf] ?lr h]h:tf] eP klg o; ;DaGwdf s] eGg ;lsG5 eg], ;kmn sljtf hGdg'df lrGtg, cWoog / ;fx;sf] klg 7"nf] e"ldsf x'G5 . log} tLgj6f ljz]iftfx¿sf] ;kmntd k|of]u ePsf] sljtf;ª\u|x xf]–e:df;'/sf] b]z . of] ;ªu|x, ;dfh;]jL afnf clwsf/Låf/f :yflkt afnfhL klAns]zgåf/f @)&$ df k|sflzt ePsf] xf] / o;sf /rlotf x'g\, jfS;]nL yfkf . o; sljtf;ª\|u|xdf hDdfhDdL PsfpGgj6f sljtfx¿ 5g\ . g s;}sf] e"ldsf, g sljsf] cfˆg} egfO Û sljtfx¿ a'‰g cfkm}+ ldlxg]t u/]/ k9\g'k5{ . ;'/Iff lgsfodf sfo{/t yfkf ;dfhzf:q / /fhgLltzf:qdf :gftfsf]Q/ x'g'x'G5 . sfg"gdf klg PnPnPd ub}{ . sfo{/t lgsfodf pRr kbf]Gd'v yfkf kbLo klxrfgeGbf klg Pshgf Hofb} ;r]t sljsf ¿kdf lrlgg'x'G5 . pxfFsf sljtfx¿ k9\bf o:tf] nfU5–;'/Iffh:tf] ;+j]bgzLn / cg'zfl;t dflgg] If]qdf ;]jf/t x'Fbf klg pxfFdf o:tfo:tf s8f sljtf n]Vg] cfF6 s;/L cfof] < clg sljtf;ªu|xsf] gfd} e:df;'/sf] b]z /fVg] lg0f{o s;/L ug{ ;Sg'eof] < slj yfkf Hofb} cWoogzLn x'g'x'G5—k"jL{o / kfZrfTo ;flxTo b'j}sf] . To;sf] k|efj pxfFdf s] b]lvPsf] 5 eg], sljtfx¿ n]Vg] s|ddf pxfF eflifs Ps¿ktfsf] k/Dk/fdf v'lDrg} rfxg'x'Gg . tT;d zAbx¿k|lt pxfFsf] df]xeË ePh:tf] klg nfU5 . n]Vbfn]Vb}sf x/kmx¿df pxfF cª\u|]hL zAb 3';fOxfNg'x'G5 . sljtfdf k|:t't ljifoj:t'x¿ eg] b]Vg ;Sg]hlt xfdL ;a}n] b]v]ef]u]s} x'g\ . t/ pxfFsf] k|:t'ltsf] snfTdstf 5'6\6} 5 . ta g slj, ta g sljtf Û d'Vo s'/f, cGo ;r]t gful/snfO{ h:t} pxfFnfO{ klg xfd|f] /fhgLlts ljs[ltn] lgs} g} lk/f]n]sf] 5 . To;}n] pxfF klxnf] sljtf cFWof/f] kbf{leqdf eGg'x'G5 M 80 ÷ /rgf

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bf];|f]b]lv t];|f] h'g;'s} d'n'sdf /x]sf g]kfnL nufot ;Dk"0f{ dfgj ;d'bfosf] dgf]bzf x'g;S5 . h;/L n]vsnfO{ Ps k6s cd]l/sf k'Ug] /x/ dgdf hfu]sf] lyof], cd]l/sfk|lt h'g cfsif{0f lyof] . ToxfF k'u]kl5 Tof] cfsif{0f ljsif{0fdf kl/0ft eof] . pgn] eg]sf klg 5g\ . cd]l/sf t b}lgs cvaf/ h:tf] /x]5 . Ps k6s x]/]kl5 k'/fgf] eP/ hfg] . km]l/ bf]xf]¥ofP/ x]g{ dg gnfUg] . cfhsf] ;dfrf/ k'/fgf] eP/ km]l/ ef]ln gx]l/g] h:tf] . c´ egf}F s'g} klg j:t';Fu Hofb} ;fdLKotf a9]kl5 To;k|lt 3[0ff k}bf x'Fb} uPh:tf] . sf]nDa;n] kQf nufPkl5 yfxf nfu]sf] /fi6« cd]l/sfn] cfkm"nfO{ ljsf;sf] ult;Fu} tLj|¿kn] cl3 a9fPsf] s/La cf7 ztfAbL hltdfq ePsf] 5 . olt 5f]6f] ;dodf cd]l/sfn] cfkm\gf] cfly{s ;d[l4sf] ofqf csNkgLo ¿kn] hfb"sf] 58L ´}F cl3 a9fof], h;sf sf/0f cfh pm ljZj;fd' ;a} b[li6sf]0fn] gfossf] ¿kdf v8f ePsf] 5 . of] ToxfFsf] oflGqs hLjg z}nLs} pkh xf] . o;nfO{ k|:6\ofpg' klg kf]6f]Dofs lsgf/af6 lgofqf s[ltsf] p2]Zo xf] . xfdLh:tf] ;'t]sf] / lgbfPsf] eP cfh cd]l/sf, cd]l/sf h:tf] x'g] lyPg . xfd|f] h:t} lgb|fsf] Jo'F´fOdf x'GYof] . k|:t't kf]6f]Dofs lsgf/af6 lgofqf;ª\u|x s[ltsf] d"n cfzo klg oxL s'/f bzf{pg' /x]sf] 5 . JolSt, ;dfh / b]zsf] pGglt eg]sf] c¿ s;}n] ul/lbg] xf]Og, cfkm}F nflu kg]{ xf] . a;]/, vfP/, ;'t]/, v'§f xNnfP/ t g JolStsf] pGglt x'G5 g ;dfhsf], g b]zsf] . of] t Pskl5 csf]{ ub}{ l;F9L pSn]h:tf] pSnb} hfg] xf] . l56f] / l9nf] t b]z rnfpg]x¿sf] lbdfusf] s'/f xf] .  an]6S;f/, bfl;{ªaf; u'NdLdf @)!) df hGd]/ xfnsf] a;f]af; sf7df8f}Fsf] rfjlxn /x]sf ;flxTosf/ /fdk|;fb kGtsf lgofqfOt/ ljwfsf klg y'k|} s[lt k|sflzt 5g\ . g]kfnL ;flxTodf  lgofqf / ;+:d/0f ;a}vfn] n]vs / kf7sn] n]Vg] / k9\g] ljwfsf ¿kdf bl/b} cfPsf ljwf x'g\ . kGtsf] k|:t't kf]6f]Dofs lsgf/af6 lgofqf;ª\u|x leq hDdf !( cf]6f ljljw ljifo;Fu ;DalGwt lgofqfx¿ ;ª\u|lxt 5g\ . k|foM;a}vfn] lgofqfx¿ 5f]6f, 5l/tf / dL7f 5g\ . ljifoj:t'sf] ljljwtf, ;/n efiffz}nL / zLif{s ;fy{s /x]sf oL lgofqfx¿ kl9g;s'Gh]n sf}t"xnn] lrdf]l6/xg] / kf7snfO{ cfkm" klg n]vs;Fu} ofqf ul//x]sf] cg'e"lt u/fpg] vfnsf 5g\ . o; s[ltsf] gfds/0f rflxF n]vsnfO{ a;f]af;sf] Joj:yf ul/Psf] /]l;8]G; Og gfds xf]6n glhs l8;L / elh{lgof /fHosf] ;Ldfgfdf cjl:yt kf]6f]Dofs gbLsf] gfdaf6 ul/Psf] 5 . n]vs oxL kf]6f]Dofs gbL lsgf/sf] cf;kf;df /x]sf] k"0ff{Í – !^@

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/rgf ÷ 85


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pSt xf]6ndf j;]sf] x'gfn] kf]6f]Dofs lsgf/af6 lgofqf;ªu|xsf] gfds/0f u/]sf 5g\ .    lgofqfsf/ /fdk|;fb kGtn] cfkm\gf] cd]l/sf a;fOsf s|ddf ToxfF cfkm"n] b]v]sf, ef]u]sf, a'´]sf / cg'e"t u/]sf s'/fx¿nfO{ cfkm\gf lgofqfdf a8f] cfsif{s 9Ën] k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . s[ltsf] gfds/0f klg cfsif{s / /x:odo 5 . lgofqfx¿sf zLif{s klg cfsif{s 5g\ . n]vgsf] z'¿jftL / cGTo klg plQs} cfsif{s / dgdf]xs 5 . z'¿jftL sf}t"xnk"0f{ / cGTo c´ k9f}Fk9f}F nfUbfnfUb} ;lsg] 5g\ . 36gfs|d klg /f]rs / dfld{s 5g\ . sltko lgofqfsf/x¿sf lgofqfx¿ o:tf x'G5g\ h'g k9\g} ´\ofp nfu]/ cfpg] . xfO sf9\b} k9\g'kg]{ . kGtsf s'g} lgofqfx¿ To:tf 5}gg\ . x'g' klg x'Fb}g . lgofqf t kGtsf h:tf k9f}Fk9f}F nfUg] g} x'g'k5{ . k9\g yfn]kl5 kf7snfO{ sf}t"xn pTkGg u/fpFb} cfkm" :jod\ klg n]vs;Fu} ofqfdf ;xefuL ePsf] cg'e"lt u/fpFb} c´ g;lsof];\ eGbfeGb} kl9;lsG5g\ . of] n]vsdf lglxt cfsif{s efiffz}nL / k|:t'ltsf] pkh xf] . of] kGtsf] n]vgsf] d"n ljz]iftf klg xf] . pgsf] n]vgdf ;–;fgf s'/f, 36gf / kl/36gfnfO{ cToGt} dd{:kzL{ / ldlxg 9Ën] k|:t't ul/Psf] kfOG5 .  k|:t't lgofqf ;ª\u|x kf]6f]Dofs lsgf/af6df jl/i7 n]vs Pjd\ ;dfnf]rs 8f=uf]ljGb/fh e§/fO{n] nfdf] e"ldsf n]lvlbg'ePsf] 5 . e"ldsfsf] lgrf]8df pxfFn] kGtsf tLg cf]6f d"ne"t lgofqfTds ljz]iftfnfO{ k|:6\ofpg'ePsf] 5 . kf7snfO{ g3'dfO{ ofqf u/fpg' klg pgsf] Pp6f csf]{ ljz]iftf xf] . o;/L lgofqfsf] s;Ldf /fv]/ x]bf{ kGtsf] kf]6f]Dofs lsgf/af6 lgofqf;ª\u|x, lgofqf;ª\u|xsf] s;Ldf afFlwPsf] Pp6f k7gLo / ;ª\u|x0fLo s[ltsf] ¿kdf bl/Psf] 5 .  (*$((%^@!$ à;'g;/L

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k"0ff{Í – !^@

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k"0ff{Í – !^@

Profile for Basu Shrestha

रचना १६२  

रचना १६२  

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