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@=! ;flxlTos JolQmTj ;flxTosf/ dg' a|fhfsL ax'd'vL k|ltefsf x'g\ . pgL uLtsf/, lgaGwsf/, pkGof;sf/, ;+:d/0fsf/ klg x'g\ t/ pgsf] d'Vo k|l;l4 eg] syfsf/ / uhnsf/sf ¿kdf nf]slk|o /x]sf] kfOG5 . pgsf] ;flxTo ofqfsf] >L u0f]z syf n]vgaf6} ePsf] / syf s[ltx¿ g} ;ª\VofTds ¿kdf a9L ePsfn] pgsf] ;flxlTos JolQmTj :yflkt ug{ syf n]vgs} dxŒjk"0f{ e"ldsf /x]sf] kfOG5 . pgsf & j6f syf;ª\u|x k|sflzt 5g\ eg] Pp6f ;ª\u|x k|sfzf]Gd'v 5 . To:t} pgsf] ;flxTo ofqfsf] pQ/f4{ r/0f uhn n]vgdf a9L ;lqmo /x]sf] kfOG5 . pgsf hDdf $ j6f uhn ;ª\ u|x 5g\ eg] s]xL k'm6\s/ uhnx¿ kqklqsfdf 5l/P/ /x]sf kfOG5g\ . a|fhfsLn] sfG5L a]ud pkGof; n]v]/ pkGof; n]Vg] /x/ klg k'¥ofPsf] b]lvG5 . pgsf] cfTdj[QfGt klg ck"0f{ cj:yfdf /x]sf] 5 . ;flxTosf/ a|fhfsLsf] slj JolQmTj klg g]kfnL ;flxTodf rrf{df cfPsf] 5 . @)@& ;fndf k|sflzt lkmNdL syf ;ª\If]k o'usf] kbf{df -a|fhfsL, @)@&_ pgsf] klxnf] sljtf xf] . o;kl5 pgsf t/ ;f/ s]xL 5}g, b'O{ uLt, k'm6kfy sfFwdf xfn]/ ;8sdf lxF8\bf, lrl8ofvfgf sljtfx¿ klg k|sflzt 5g\ . uB z}nLdf sljtf n]Vg ?rfpg] a|fhfsL /fli6«o tyf cGt/f{li6«o kl/j]z ;d]6\b} ;dfhdf b]lvPsf lj;Ët kIfk|lt ljb|f]xsf] efj JoQm ub{5g\ . ;flxTosf/ a|fhfsL uLtsf/ klg x'g\ . @)@! ;fnb]lv uLt /rgfdf nfu]sf a|fhfsL @)$$ ;fn;Dd uLt n]vgdf ;Da4 b]lvG5g\ . pgsf hDdf !% j6f uLtx¿ ;d]l6Psf] uLtsf] eËfnf] -@)%!_ uLlt ;ª\ u|x k|sflzt ePsf] kfOG5 -clwsf/L, @)^$M@*_ . o;sf cltl/Qm pgsf] k"0ff{Í – !^!

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/rgf ÷ 17


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l;pF8Lsf] k"mn ;ª\u|x klg k|sfzgsf nflu 5fkfvfgfdf uPsf] t/ of] ;ª\u|x cem;Dd k|sflzt ePsf] 5}g -kf]v/]n, @)$(M@!_ . pgL lgDgjuL{o kL8f JoQm ug]{ uLtsf/sf ¿kdf lrlgG5g\ . k|]ddf 56\kl6Psf k|]dL–k|]ldsfsf] hLjg ef]ufO / cfly{s cefjn] lklN;Psf hghLjgsf] kL8fsf] :j/ g} pgsf uLtx¿df u'lGhg] d'Vo ljifoj:t' x'g\ . ;flxTosf/ a|fhfsLn] lgaGwsf/sf ¿kdf klg cfˆgf] 5lj agfPsf 5g\ . pgsf ;+:d/0ffTds n]v /rgfx¿nfO{ klg lgaGwsf] sf]l6df /fVbf pgsf hDdf *! cf]6f k'm6\s/ lgaGwx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . s] xfd|f] ;+:s[lt rf]vf] 5 -@)@%_ lgaGw k|sflzt u/]/ z'¿ ePsf] pgsf] lgaGw ofqf @)%% ;fn;Dd cl3 a9]sf] kfOG5 . pgsf lgaGw /rgfx¿ ul/df, dw'ks{, bfloTj, b[li6, lxdfnog, sflGtk'/, uf]/vfkq, z'¿lr, ;fKtflxs ljdz{, ¿k/]vf, ;f}uft cflb kqklqsfx¿df k|sflzt 5g\ -clwsf/L, @)^)M#)_ . ;dfhdf ;+:s[lt kl/jt{gn] leœofPsf] ljs[lt, ljZjdf rlr{t cf}Bf]lus qmflGtsf] ;Gbe{, ljleGg cGt/f{li6«o ;flxTosf/ / bfz{lgsx¿sf] rrf{ g} pgsf lgaGwsf ljifoj:t' ag]sf 5g\ . To;}u/L sn'lift efjgf / cdfgjLo Jojxf/k|lt pgsf lgaGwx¿n] em6f/f] xfg]sf] kfOG5 . g]kfnL ;flxTosf] kvf{n lgdf{0fdf a|fhfsLsf] b|i6f -;dfnf]rs_ JolQmTjsf] klg of]ubfg /x]sf] 5 . ck]Iffs[t ¿kdf l;h{gftk{m a9L ;lqmo b]lvP klg pgL ;dfnf]rs tyf ;dLIfssf ¿kdf klg lrlgG5g\ . pgn] uhn uGyg - a|fhfsL, @)^&_ zLif{sdf uhnsf] ;dLIff u/]/ cfˆgf] ;dfnf]rsLo ofqfsf] yfngL u/]sf x'g\ . To;}u/L uhn ufyf / k"j{ syg, c3]{nf] ;d]tsf] dGtJo, lqb]jL pkGof;sf] d"n :j/af/], ;'jfl;t k"mnsf y'Fufx¿, df]xg/fh zdf{, :j}/ sNkgf / t];|f] e]6, df}lns syf lzNkL uf]kfn k/fh'nL zLif{sdf pgsf ;dfnf]rgfx¿ ljleGg kqklqsfdf k|sflzt 5g\ -clwsf/L, @)^)M@%_ . oL k'm6\s/ ;dLIffTds /rgfdf uhn;DaGwL pgsf] cfnf]rgfTds wf/0ff, uhnsf] ;}4flGts dfGotf, cfWoflTds dfGotf / klZrdL ;flxTo l;4fGt;DaGwL cjwf/0ff, d'Qms / syf ljwfsf] ljZn]if0f k4lt, uhnsf/ /lj k|f~hn, 1fg'jfs/ kf}8]n, nlnhË /fjnsf] uhn xf] ;dLIff h:tf ;Gbe{x¿nfO{ ljifoj:t' agfO{ a|fhfsLn] cfˆgf] ;dfnf]rssf] klxrfg lbPsf 5g\ . @=@ ljljw ;flxTosf/ dg' a|fhfsL syfsf/, uhnsf/, uLtsf/, slj, lgaGwsf/, pkGof;sf/sf] ;du|tfdf ;kmn ;flxTosf/ ag]sf x'g\ . o;sf cltl/Qm pgsf] ;flxlTos JolQmTjsf] ljsf;df cg'jfbs, kqsf/, ;Dkfbs, 18 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^!


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:tDesf/ / lrqsf/ JolQmTjn] klg ;3fPsf] kfOG5 . a|fhfsLn] ;flxTo n]vgsf] ofqfsf] yfngL u/]sf] k"jf{4{s} cj:yfdf cg'jfbs JolQmTjsf] klxrfg lbPsf 5g\ . pgL ;fg} pd]/b]lv agf/; a:g] qmddf pgn] lxGbL, cª\u|]hL, ;+:s[t, aËfnL / pb"{ efiff l;Sg] cj;/ kfPsf lyP -kf]v/]n, @)$(M!&_ . ;fy} pgL dxf]Q/L lhNnf lgjf;L x'g'sf] sf/0fn] pgnfO{ d}lynL tyf b]xftL efiffsf] /fd|} 1fg lyof] . ljleGg efiff;DaGwL 1fg ePsf] k[i7e"ldn] pgnfO{ cg'jfbsf] If]qdf cfslif{t t'Nofof] . cª\ u|]hL efiffsf ;flxTosf/ sdnf bf;sf] syfnfO{ g]kfnLdf cg'jfb u/L d]/f] syf zLif{sdf g]kfnL efiffdf k|sflzt ug'{, pgsf] cfˆg} syf d]/f] 5f]/f] 3'; vfFb}g nfO{ d}lynLdf cg'jfb u/L xd/ a]6f 3'; gxL vfot zLif{sdf k|sfzgdf Nofpg', To:t} cof]Wofgfy rf}w/Lsf] d}lynL syfnfO{ g]kfnL efiffdf cg'jfb u/L Pp6f x/fPsf] ;Daf]wg zLif{sdf g]kfnLdf cg'jfb ug'{af6 pgL s'zn cg'jfbssf ¿kdf b]lvG5g\ . pgL ;flxTonfO{ 5fofg'jfbaf6 xf]Og efjfg'jfb u/]/ d"n sYosf] efj glau|g] u/]/ df}lns tj/n] cg'jfbssf] snf k|:t't ug{ ;kmn b]lvG5g\ . a|fhfsL ;flxTodf dfq xf]Og ;flxTo]t/ ljwfdf klg snd rnfpg] lzNkL x'g\ . pgn] tTsfnLg ;dosf] b]zfGt/ ;fKtflxs klqsfsf] !$ cf]6f cª\sdf dg' a|fhfsL eG5g\ / dg' a|fhfsL n]V5g\ zLif{sdf :yfoL :tDe n]v]/ :tDesf/sf] kl/ro lbPsf 5g\ . To:t}, pgL kqsf/ klg x'g\ . pgn] o'ufGt/, b]zfGt/ / k|ltkIf ;fKtflxs klqsfdf ;flxlTos tyf ;flxTo]Q/ /rgfx¿ n]v]/ cfk"mnfO{ kqsf/sf] ¿kdf lrgfPsf 5g\ eg] @)@* ;fndf ;ª\s]t klqsfsf] ;Dkfbg u/]sf t/ pQm klqsf k|];af6} hkmt ePsfn] pgsf] ;Dkfbs JolQmTj rflxF ;fj{hlgs x'g kfPg -clwsf/L, @)^)M#(_ . o;sf ;fy} a|fhfsLnfO{ lrqsf/ x'g] /x/n] klg s'Ts'TofPsf] lyof] . cfˆgf] cg'xf/ x]/]/ cfˆgf] lrq sf]g'{, lgwg ePkZrft\ pgsf xh'/af k|;fbl;+x e08f/Lsf] kmf]6f] agfpg', @)#! ;fndf ;flxTosf/x¿åf/f ul/Psf] a'6 kfln; cfGbf]ngsf] lrq sf]/]/ Go'/f]8sf] /df ;efu[xsf] leQfdf 6fF:g' h:tf sfo{af6 pgL lrqsfl/tftk{m klg ?lr /fVg] JolQmsf ¿kdf lrlgG5g\ . o;/L pRr dWod juL{o kfl/jfl/s k[i7e"ld eP/ klg ;fdfGo hLjg z}nL ckgfpg] a|fhfsL ;fbf hLjg / pRr ljrf/nfO{ hLjg b[li6 agfpg] JolQm x'g\ . :jfledfgL, st{Jolgi7 / tfls{s Ifdtfsf wgL a|fhfsLsf] cf}krfl/s lzIff cfO=P= cWoogsf] ck"0f{tfdf g} ;Lldt /x] klg pgn] cgf}krfl/s ¿kdf cfh{g u/]sf] ljleGg wd{, bz{g / ;flxTosf] cWoogn] pgsf] 1fg eG8f/ ulx/f] / km/flsnf] ePsf] kfOG5 . @)@) sf] bzsaf6} pgsf] ;flxTo n]vgsf] ofqf z'¿ eP klg #) / $) sf] bzs pgsf] ;flxTo k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

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n]vgsf] pj{/ cjlw dflgG5 . pgL d"n ¿kdf syfsf/sf ¿kdf :yflkt JolQmTj x'g\ eg] syfsf cltl/Qm pgn] uhn, pkGof;, sljtf cflb ljwfdf klg snd rnfPsf 5g\ . ;flxTo n]vgn] pgsf] JolQmTjsf] lzv/ r'd]sf] 5 eg] kqsf/, lrqsf/, :tDesf/ If]qsf] ;+nUgtfn] klg pgsf] JolQmTjdf OF6f yk]sf] kfOG5 . @)^# ;fndf a|]g x]d/]haf6 h]7f] 5f]/fsf] d[To' x'g' / pgL cfk}mF klg ljleGg /f]uaf6 u|l;t x'g' h:tf ;d:ofn] pgL k"0f{ :j:Yo hLjgsf] ef]ufOaf6 jl~rt /x] . @)^) sf] bzskl5 cfGtl/s kL8fn] lg/fzfsf] e'd/Ldf ?dlNng] pgsf] b}lgsL h:t} ePsf]n] >LdtL / 5f]/Lsf] kxndf pgL cd]l/sf nluP . cd]l/sfdf /xFbf klg pgn] kmf§k'm§ uhn / syfx¿ /rgf u/]sf] a|fhfsL atfpFy ] . h] xf];\, rf/ bzs;Dd ljleGg ptf/ r9fjx¿ em]Nb} cl3 a9]sf] a|fhfsLsf] ;flxlTos JolQmTj ;d[l4zfnL ePsf] kfOG5 . s[ltTjsf] cWoog dfly g} pNn]v ul/;lsof] ls ;flxTosf/ dg' a|fhfsL syfsf/, uhnsf/, lgaGwsf/, pkGof;sf/, ;+:d/0fsf/ JolQmTjsf ¿kdf lrlgG5g\ . pgn] dw'ks{sf] gf6s ljz]iffÍdf k|sflzt ug{ gf6ssf] kf08'lnlk lnP/ hfFbf pQm kf08'lnlk 6\ofS;Ldf 5'6]sfn] k|sflzt ePg / pgL ;fj{hlgs ¿kdf gf6ssf/ x'g kfPgg\ . To:t} pgn] dxfsfJo / v08sfJodf snd rnfPs} 5}gg\ . To;}n] a|fhfsL g]kfnL ;flxTodf gf6ssf/, dxfsfJosf/, v08sfJosf/sf ¿kdf k|:t't ePsf 5}gg\ . o;sf cltl/Qm pgn] ;a} ;flxTo ljwfdf s'g} g s'g} ¿kdf of]ubfg lbPsf] kfOG5 . oxfF pgn] g]kfnL ;flxTosf ljleGg ljwfdf lbPsf] of]ubfgsf] uxg / ;+lIfKt ljj]rgf ul/G5 .

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c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


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5f]6f syfx¿ -@)&)_, cGgk"0f{sf] ef]h -@)&)_, u/L & j6f syf ;ª\u|x k|sflzt 5g\ eg] cfdfnfO{ a]Rg' x'Fb}g nf6f syf ;ª\u|xsf nflu @! j6f syfx¿sf] kf08'lnlk k|1f k|lti7fgdf ylGsP/ clxn];Dd k|sflzt ePsf] 5}g . oL ;ª\u|xx¿dWo] cjd"Nog syf ;ª\u|xdf !* j6f, cfsfzsf] kmn ;ª\u|xdf !$ j6f, ltd|L :jf:gL / d ;ª\u|xdf !% j6f, eljio ofqf ;ª\ u|xdf !* j6f, cfdfnfO{ a]Rg' x'Fb}g nf6f ;ª\u|xsf nflu @! j6f, kf/bzL{ dfG5] ;ª\u|xdf @% j6f, cGgk"0f{sf] ef]h ;ª\u|xdf #% j6f, a|fhfsLsf 5f]6f syfx¿df !( j6f u/L pgsf hDdf !^% syfx¿ ;ª\u|lxt 5g\ eg] s]xL syfx¿ kq–klqsfx¿df k|sflzt eP/ k'm6\s/ ¿kdf /x]sf 5g\ . a|fhfsLsf ;du| syfx¿ cWoog ubf{ ljifoj:t' / z}nLsf] k|of]usf] cfwf/df @)#* ;fnb]lv krf;sf] bzs;Dd k|sflzt ePsf cjd"Nog, cfsfzsf] kmn, ltd|L :jf:gL / d, eljio ofqf syfx¿ pgsf] syf ofqfsf] k"jf{4{ r/0f cGtu{t kb{5g\ eg] kf/bzL{ dfG5], dg' a|fhfsLsf 5f]6f syfx¿, cGgk"0f{sf] ef]h ;ª\u|xleqsf syfx¿nfO{ pQ/f4{ r/0fsf pknlAw dflgG5g\ . cfk"mn] b]v] / ef]u]sf ;fdflhs j:t'l:ylt, cfhsf] ;dfhn] leœofPsf] ljljw vfn] lj;Ëlt, pRr / dWod ju{n] lgDg juL{o hghLjgk|lt u/]sf] ljifd Jojxf/, /fi6«jfbL efjgf, dfgjaf]w, ljZjaf]w, gf/Ljfb, ;fdflhs j}ifDosf] cfnf]rgf, of}gfrf/, dgf]j}1flgs dfgl;s kl/j]z, efiffdf :yfgLo kl/j]zsf] k|efj, ;fdflhs ljs[ltk|lt Joª\Uo, cfly{s ;d:of / To;af6 lylNylnPsf] u|fdL0f hghLjg h:tf k|j[lQx¿ pgsf syfdf ljifoj:t' ag]/ cfPsf b]lvG5g\ . sltko syf k|j[lQx¿ k"jf{4{ r/0faf6 pQ/f4{ r/0fdf lg/Gt/ cl3 a9]sf 5g\ eg] cf~rlnstfn] lj:tfl/t ¿k lng', cª\u|]hL efiffsf] k|efj a9L b]lvg', :j}/sNkgfsf] k|of]u, eflifs b'¿xtf, dgf]åGå, syfsnf kl/is[t x'g' h:tf ljz]iftfx¿ k"jf{4{ r/0f / pQ/f4{ r/0fnfO{ ljefhg ug]{ cfwf/x¿ x'g\ . pgsf] ;du| syf ofqf cWoog ubf{ pgsf syfx¿nfO{ ;fdflhs oyfy{tf, cf~rlnstf, dgf]åGå, ;fdflhs Pjd\ dfgjLo ljs[ltk|lt Joª\Uo, efiff z}nLdf :yfgLo /Ësf] k|efj h:tf d"ne"t syfk|j[lQdf ;d]6\g ;lsG5 . #=!=! a|fhfsLsf syfdf cf~rlnstf s'g} :yfg ljz]ifdf s]lGb|t eP/ n]lvPsf ;flxTo cf~rlnstf cGtu{t kb{5g\ . x'g t cf~rlns ;flxTodf zx/L sfo{kLl7sf /xg' g} x'Fb}g eg]sf] kfOFb}g t/ u|fdL0f hLjg, ToxfFsf] /xg;xg, ;du| hLjgj[Qsf] cleJolQm cf~rlns ;flxTon] k|:t't u5{ eGg] -a/fn, @)$*M!%_ ;j{dfGo dfGotf /x]sf] kfOG5 . o;/L ljrfbf{ u|fdL0f sfo{kLl7sf l;h{gf ePsf], k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

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:yfgLo /ª -e"uf]n, ;+:s[lt, nf]s hLjg, efiff_ sf] ljlzi6 k|of]u ePsf], c~rn tyf s'g} :yfg ljz]ifsf] ;fd"lxs :jefj, afgL Joxf]/f bzf{pg] kfqsf] k|of]u ul/Psf], ;+:s[t efiff z}nLdf klg :yfgLotf emlNsg] ;flxTonfO{ g} cf~rlns ;flxTo elgG5 . a|fhfsLsf wd{k|f0f, bz{g / Eofu'tf], PsfGt, o:tf dflg;, cfsfzsf] kmn, axfb'/Lsf] gfs, x'/L, w"n] w/tLsf] ljof]u, df¥of] Rofª\af df¥of] cl;gfdf kf¥of], b]zeQm, cflv/ ;hLjsf] st{Jo s] xf] t <, rf]/x¿ / ;fj{ef}d ;Qf ;DkGg, eljio ofqf, aGb 9f]sf ;fd' cflb syfx¿df u|fdL0f sfo{kLl7sf agfP/ :yfgLo ;d:of cl3 ;fb{} cf~rlnstfsf] /Ë lbOPsf] 5 . a|fhfsLsf clwsf+z syfx¿df t/fO{sf] u|fdL0f kl/j]z pkl:yt u/fP/ ToxfFsf] e"uf]n, ;+:s[lt, nf]shLjg cflbsf] b[Zo k|:t't u/]/ cf~rlns syf x'g'sf] k'li6 u/]sf] kfOG5 . Ps xft nfdf] 3'D6f] xfNg] ufpFsf a'xf/Lx¿ -a|fhfsL, @)%)M#^_, kf]v/Lsf] 8Lndf k'mn]sf] xfF;sf] ?jfh:tf] km"n xfjfdf k'mNb}5 -a|fhfsL, @)#*M!&_, cufl8 d';x/L 6f]nsf s]/fsf kftx¿ ktfsfem}F xlNnFb} 5g\ -a|fhfsL, @)#*_, Pp6L /ftf] ;f/L nufPsL 3F;afl/gL 5f}F8L l56Lel/ 3fF; af]s]/ ahf/lt/ hfg nfu]sL x'G5] -a|fhfsL, @)$@_ h:tf ljleGg syf+zx¿af6 a|fhfsLsf syfdf ufpFn] kl/j]z, e"uf]n / /xg;xgsf] k|:t'lt ePsf] kfOG5 . a|fhfsLsf syfdf lan6 ;fbf, ;/h'usf] 5f]/f], uf]kL dfemL, j[ifnfn, wgL/fd, km"ndfof, b]jfghL h:tf t/fO{sf] u|fdL0f hghLjgsf kfqx¿sf] pkl:ylt u/fP/ cf~rlnstfnfO{ :jfefljs agfOPsf] b]lvG5 . t/fO{df nfUg] xf6, wfg v]tsf] k|;Ë, hf8f]df cfFugdf a;]/ 3'/ tfk]sf] b[Zo, t/fO{sf u/La dlxnfx¿nfO{ hldGbf/ tyf ;fx'x¿n] C0f lbP / rqmJo"xdf kf/]/ pgLx¿sf] cl:tTjdf wfjf af]Ng] u/]sf] oyfy{tf t/fO{sf] u|fdL0f tyf clzlIft hghLjgsf 68\sf/f ;Gbe{x¿ x'g\ . a|fhfsLsf clwsf+z syfx¿df o:t} vfnsf nf]shLjg / ;+:s[ltsf] emns k|:t't u/]/ cf~rlnstf x'g'sf] k'li6 ul/Psf] 5 . :yfgLo /Ësf] k"0f{tfsf nflu u|fdL0f :t/sf] cleJolQm, kfq / kl/j]zdf To;} cg's"nsf] efiff z}nLsf] k|of]u ck]lIft x'G5 -;'j]bL, @)%^M&_ elgP cg'¿k a|fhfsLsf syfx¿df :yfgLo /Ë emNsfpg] efiff z}nLs} k|of]u ul/Psf] kfOG5 . e'G6Lsf] eljio syfdf k|of]u ePsf – yfd\yfd\, d5]{;\ /] 5f}F8L, d'/xL / lemNnL, pt/ lgr] pt/, kmf]s6, r9fb] /] u'?hLÙ u'? r]nf / dfs'/fsf] hfnf] syfdf k|of]u ePsf xd/ e}F; n]g] clxof] /] t"F ;d, xd hfO5L, k/~r xd 5f]8]jfnf glx l5 . 5f}F8f, 5f}8L, xl/c/, 5f]6sf, e}F;, algofF, vl/xfg, ef}hL, e}of h:tf kb, kbfjnL / jfSox¿ t/fO{sf] u|fdL0f kl/j]zdf k|of]u x'g] efiff z}nLsf s]xL pbfx/0f x'g\ . o;n] klg a|fhfsLsf syfx¿ cf~rlnstfsf b[li6n] b'?:t ePsf] a''lemG5 . pRr / dWod 22 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^!


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juL{o rl/q afXo kl/j]zaf6 k|efljt x'g] x'Fbf :yfgLo /Ësf] jf:tljstf emlNsg lgDg juL{o kfqsf] df}lns ;d:of / cj:yf ck]lIft dflgG5 -;'j]bL, @)%^M(_ elgP cg'¿k a|fhfsLsf syfx¿ u|fdL0f kl/j]zsf lgDg juL{o hghLjgsf ;d:of lnP/ k|:t't ePsf 5g\ . ufpFsf u/La / lgd'vf JolQmx¿n] 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] lax] ug{ / rf8af8 dgfpg hldGbf/x¿;Fu rsf]{ Aofhdf C0f lnPsf] k|;Ë, c¿sf] v]taf/Ldf sfd ug{ hfg] x¿jf r?jf jf cefju|:t hLjg z}nL, ;'s'Daf;Lx¿sf] ;fFem laxfg 6fg{ wf} wf} k/]sf] oyfy{tf, tNnf] ju{sf JolQmx¿n] cfly{s cefjdf wgLx¿sf] cfTd;Gt'li6sf nflu of}g sfo{df nfUg' k/]sf] jf:tljstf, 6f7faf7f g]tfhLx¿af6 cl:tTj n'l6Psf] u/Lax¿sf] kL8fu|:t hghLjg h:tf ;Gbe{x¿af6 a|fhfsLsf syfdf lgDg juL{o oyfy{tf emNsfOPsf] 5 h'g cf~rlns ;flxTo x'g'sf] wd{ lgjf{x klg xf] . o;/L oyfy{jfbsf] ljsl;t ¿k cleJoQm ug]{ cf~rlns ;flxTox¿sf] wd{ eP cg'¿k a|fhfsLsf syfx¿n] t/fO{ kl/j]zsf] u|fdL0f hghLjg, lgDg juL{o hLjg z}nL, /xg;xg, To;} cg'¿ksf] efiff z}nL, ¿l9jfbL k/Dk/fn] u|l;t ;fdflhs ;+/rgf, ls;fgx¿sf] lbgrof{, xf6ahf/, rf8kj{ cflbsf] oyfy{ lrq0f ub{} oyfy{tfleq klg ljlzi6tf k|:t't ul/Psf] kfOG5 . cf~rlns ;flxTodf x'g'kg]{ nIf0fx¿af6 ;lhPsf x'gfn] a|fhfsLsf syfx¿ cf~rlnstfsf] dfkb08df b'?:t ;flat x'g ;S5g\ .

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#=!=@ ;fdflhs Pjd\ /fhgLlts ljs[ltk|lt Joª\Uo a|fhfsLsf] syf ofqfsf] p7fgd} pgL ;fdflhs oyfy{jfbL syfsf/sf ¿kdf k|:t't ePsf x'g\ . pgL ;fdflhs, dfgjLo Pjd\ /fhgLlts ;d:ofnfO{ syfdf ljifoj:t' agfpF5g\ / To:tf ;d:of aNemfpg sf/s ag]sf lj;Ët kIfk|lt Joª\Uo k|xf/ ub{} ;Ëlto'Qm ;dfhsf] l;h{gf ug'{ kg]{ ;Gb]z k|jfx ug{ rfxG5g\ . Joª\Uon] /rgfnfO{ u|fXo, k|efjsf/L, ;an tyf ;Dk|]ifs agfpFb} kf7snfO{ r'DasLo ;fdYo{åf/f cfs[i6 ug]{ x'Fbf -1jfnL, @)&)M!!%_ a|fhfsLsf syfx¿df k|of]u ePsf] Joª\UofTds ;3gtfn] syfx¿ nf]slk|o ag]sf 5g\ . k|foM pgsf syfx¿df ;dfhsf wgL Pjd\ 7'nfa8f egfpFbfx¿n] lgDg Pjd\ dWodju{k|lt b]vfPsf] x]kfxf k|j[lQ, cfly{s ¿kn] ;DkGg x'g'sf] cf8df ljkGg ju{sf dlxnfx¿af6 p7fOPsf] gfhfoh kmfObf ljkGg ju{n] klg u/LaLsf] axfgfdf cfˆgf] z/L/ g} ;'lDkPsf] rfl/lqs b'a{ntf, /fhgLlts kf6L{sf g]tfsf] kye|i6 k|j[lQ / pgLx¿sf] :jfyL{ rl/qaf6 b]z g} cwf]ulttk{m hfFb} u/]sf] jf:tljstf g} k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 23


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a|fhfsLsf syfdf lrlqt lj;Ët kIf x'g\ . pgL To:tf ;fdflhs, dfgjLo Pjd\ /fhgLlts csd{0otfn] ljsl;t u/fPsf] ljs[t kIfk|lt Joª\Uo k|xf/ ub{5g\ . a|fhfsLsf syfdf k|:t't ul/Psf ljifoj:t', efj, kfq, kl/j]zsf dfWodaf6 ljut tyf jt{dfgdf km:6fpFb} u/]sf lj;Ëltsf ljleGg kf6fx¿ plhlnPsf 5g\ . /fu xh'l/of syfdf g]kfndf km:6fpFb} u/]sf e|i6frf/, rfs/L, gfËf] dfgjLo rl/q, pRrkb:y JolQmsf] csd{0o k|j[lQsf] kbf{kmf; ug'{Ù rf]/x¿ / ;fj{ef}d ;Qf;DkGg syfn] /fhgLlts kbflwsf/Lx¿sf] kbsf] b'?kof]uk|lt cfqmf]z JoQm ug'{Ù d"No dfGotf / Ps d'7L xl/of] 3fF; syfn] bnfnx¿n] Ps d'7L ;osf gf]6;Fu s]6L laqmL ug'{Ù aGb 9f]sf;fd' syfdf xflsd ;fx]an] clkm;leq ug]{ b'Jo{jxf/, ef/tLo n7}tx¿n] u/La g]kfnLx¿k|lt u/]sf] cg}lts sfo{tk{m ;ª\s]t ug'{, lgis?0f dWofGx syfdf u/La, c;xfo / pTkLl8t ju{dfly ul/Psf] ;fdflhs cfly{s zf]if0f, z"Go ePsf] dfgjLo ;+j]bgf pbfËf] kfg'{, cy{d'Qm syfdf slj snfsf/k|lt ul/Psf] pk]lIft Jojxf/sf] pl5tf] sf8\g'Ù u'?, r]nf / dfs'/fsf] hfnf] syfdf g]kfnL /fhgLltdf df}nfPsf] ljsf/ u|:t cj:yfsf] oyfy{tf JoQm ug'{Ù cfh / ef]ln df};d ;kmf /xg] 5 syfdf sf7df8f}+sf] zx/L ;dfhn] cFufn]sf] cf8Da/ k|j[lQk|lt cfqmf]z JoQm ug'{ h:tf ;Gbe{x¿n] g]kfndf ljBdfg ;fdflhs, /fhgLlts / rfl/lqs ljs[ltk|lt ;ª\s]t ub{} To:tf ;fdflhs sfp5f]nfO{ h/};Fu pv]n]/ kmfNg' kg]{ cfzo JoQm ul/Psf pbfx/0f x'g\ . To;}u/L ltd|L :jf:gL / d syf ;ª\u|xsf syfx¿df u|fdL0f Pjd\ zxl/of hLjgdf b]lvPsf ljifd kl/l:ylt, wgf9\o JolQmx¿n] wgsf] t'h's b]vfpFb} /jflkmnf] Jojxf/ b]vfPsf] oyfy{tf, ufpFsf ;fdGtx¿df b]lvg] u/]sf] 5n sk6 / cdfgjLo Jojxf/, ;dfhdf ljBdfg /fhg]tfx¿sf] pQfpnf]kg / w"Tof{OF, of}gef]sn] 56kl6Psf dfgjLo k|j[lQsf] gfËf] oyfy{tf, ;;'/fn] a'xf/Ll;t / 5f]/fn] ufpFsL ;fOFnL d'lvgL;Fu of}g ;Dks{ /fv]/ ;fdflhs ;Ldfsf] wHhL p8fPsf] ljifoj:t' -a|fhfsL, @)%)M@!_ pNn]v ub{}{ syfsf/ a|fhfsLn] ;dfhdf km:6fpFb} u/]sf ljleGg /fhgLlts Pjd\ ;fdflhs lj;Ëltk|lt Joª\Uo k|xf/ ug'{sf ;fy} wHhL p8fPsf 5g\ . ;flxTosf/n] st{Jo ;r]t eP/ kf7snfO{ lg/fzfaf6 cfzftk{m, lj;Ëltaf6 ;Ëlttk{m, c/fhstfaf6 ;+odtk{m pTk|]l/t u5{g\ -1jfnL, @)&)M*)_ elgP em}F Psftk{m ljs[tkIfsf] pbfËf] ¿ksf] pl5tf] sf6\g] /csf{tk{m kf7snfO{ cfzfjfbL Pjd\ ;+od aGg k|]/0ff lbg' a|fhfsLsf syfx¿sf] d"n kIf g} dflgG5 . To;}n] syfsf/ a|fhfsL cfˆgf clwsf+z syfx¿df u|fdL0f Pjd\ zxl/of so{kLl7sfsf] rog ub}{ To;leq km:6fPsf ljleGg lj;Ët kIfnfO{ 24 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^!


l;:g' kfgL nufpF5g\ . pgL To:tf lj;Ët kIfnfO{ gª\Uofpg] dfq xf]Og, ;'Gb/ ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f x'gsf nflu To:tf k|j[lQsf] gfd]6 eP/ ;b\u'0f Pjd\ ;Trl/qsf] lgdf{0f x'g' kg]{ cfzo klg JoQm ub{5g\ .

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#=!=# a|fhfsLsf syfdf åGåsf] k|of]u gf6s, pkGof; / syf h:tf cfVofgfTds ;flxTo ljwfdf åGåsf] cfjZostf kb{5 . dflg; hlt;'s} efUg vf]h] klg pm lj;Ëltaf6 c5'tf] /xg ;Sb}gÙ ToxL dfgjLo hLjgsf] lj;Ëlt, tgfj / s'07f g} åGåsf] hggL dflgG5 -kf]v/]n, @)^%M*#_ . o;/L ;fdflhs lj;Ëlt xf];\ jf dfgjLo tgfjsf] cj:yf JoQm ug'{ syfsf] d"n ljifo x'G5 eg] o:tf lj;Ët / tgfjo'Qm ;flxTodf åGåsf] ;3gtf ck]lIft 7flgG5 . syfsf/ a|fhfsLsf] ;Gbe{df ljrfbf{ pgsf clwsf+z syfx¿df Psftk{m ;dfhaf]w kfOG5 eg] csf{tk{m dfgj rl/qsf] ;an / b'a{n kIfsf] lrq0f ub{} dfgl;s kl/j]znfO{ d"n sYo agfOPsf] x'Fbf pgsf syfdf åGå k|of]usf] ;3gtf kfOG5 . a|fhfsLsf syfdf ;dfhsf b'O{ ju{sf aLrsf] ljifd kl/l:ylt b]vfpFb} afXo åGåsf] klg ;fdfGo k|of]u ul/Psf] kfOG5 eg] kfqsf] dfgl;s kl/j]zsf] k|jntf /x]sf syfdf dfgl;s åGåsf] k|of]u b]lvG5 . JolQmsf] cfzf–lg/fzf, ;Gt'li6–c;Gt'li6, k|]d–la5f]8, ;+of]u–ljof]u, cefj–k"0f{tf, ljkGg–;DkGg, g}lts–cg}lts, ;Ëlt–lj;Ëlt, tgfj–zflGt, rog–a]rogsf ;Gbe{x¿ g} dfgl;s åGåsf] sf/s ag]sf] kfOG5 . bz{g / Eofu'tf] syfdf r'gfjdf :yfgLo ;fdGtx¿sf] lj?4df pleP/ lgDg juL{o hgtfx¿n] ;fdGtsf] lj?4 cfGbf]ng ug',{ /ftf cfFvf kx]Fnf cfFvf syfdf :yfgLo zf]ifs /d]zafa'sf] cGofonfO{ ;xg g;sL p;nfO{ ufpFaf6 lgsfnf ug',{ cfsfzsf] kmn syfdf ufpFsf zf]ifs / zf]lift aLr ePsf] c;dGh; kl/l:yltnfO{ zf]lift ju{n] v'n/] } lj/f]w ug',{ eljio ofqf syfdf b'O{ ju{sf aLr 6s/fj b]vfP/ ;Qf l6sfO/fVg] / ;Qfk|lt wHhL p8fpg] b'O{ ju{sf aLr juL{o åGåsf] ;ª\st] ug',{ xTofsf] e"ldsf syfdf qmflGtsf/L ljrf/ ePsf kfq / k'/ftg ;f]rfOsf aLr s6fIf b]vfOg', aGb 9f]sf;fd' syfdf e|i6, ;fdGt, bnfn / t:s/ rl/q ePsf kfq / lg/Lx ljjz kfqx¿sf] aLrdf 6Ss/ b]vfP/ ;fj{ef}ldstf rfxg] ju{n] k/Dk/fut ljrf/k|lt cfqmf]z JoQm ug'{ cflb a|fhfsLsf syfdf k|of]u ePsf afXo åGåsf s]xL k|ltlglw pbfx/0f x'g \ . pgsf syfdf dfgl;s åGåsf] -cGtå{Gå_ rflxF ;3g k|of]u ePsf] kfOG5 . kfqsf] dfgl;s cf/f]x cj/f]xn] syfnfO{ ultzLn, cfsif{s / ;hLj t'NofpF5 -kf]v/]n, @)^%M*@_ eGg] dgf]j1 } flgs åGåsf] ;fk]Iftfdf a|fhfsLsf syfx¿ b'?:t ePsf] cg'ej ul/G5 . k"0ff{Í – !^!

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/rgf ÷ 25


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Ps /ft lyof] syfdf r]tdfgl;+x / dg' a|fhfsL kfqsf aLrdf cf8Da/o'Qm Jojxf/ / k|ltli7t x'g] rfxgfsf aLr rfl/lqs åGå k|:t't ug'{, ‰ofnaf6 9f]sflt/ syfdf cGtd'{vL kfq d / alxd'{vL kfq pm sf aLr JolQmTjsf] 6Ss/ b]vfpg', 3/]n' cyf{t\ JolQmut cyf{t\ ;fj{hlgs syfdf zxl/of kl/j]zdf of}lgs sfo{nfO{ kl/l:ylthGo ¿kdf lng] jf glng] ;f]rfOsf aLrdf l;h{gf ePsf] ts{ljts{, gUgtf syfdf dbg / dfof kfqsf aLr hLjg ef]ufOsf qmddf ljsl;t ePsf] hLjg b[li6sf] j}ifDo cj:yf, u'?, r]nf / dfs'/fsf] hfnf] syfdf k|ultzLn o'jf ;f]rfO{ / ¿l9ut dfGotfsf aLr b]lvPsf] cx+ efjsf] ljifd b[li6sf]0f, df¥of] Rofª\ af df¥of] cl;gfdf kf¥of] syfdf afa', 5f]/f] / a'xf/Lsf aLrdf l;lh{t åGå, e}uf] lbg' kb}{g syfdf vl/bf/ / vbf{gL{sf aLr pTkGg ePsf] c;dGh; kl/l:ylt, ltd|L :jf:gL / d syfdf d, ltdL / lgd{nfsf aLr l;h{gf ePsf] c;dembf/L efjgf, ;ËLtsf] gLnfDa/ / ;Qfsf] k'5|]tf/f syfdf :jf:gL / 5f]/L kfqdf b]lvPsf] c;Gt'li6 cGtå{Gås} ;Gbe{ dflgG5g\ . kfqx¿sf] dfgl;stfdf hlGdPsf] ;DkGgtf / ljkGgtf, ef]s / ef]u, ;Ëlt / c;Ëltsf aLrdf ljifd ;f]rfO hlGdP/ kfqdf plAhPsf] s'07f, tgfj / a]r}gn] åGå emflËPsf] kfOG5 . To;}u/L cfsfzsf] kmn syfsL cfdf kfqdf gf/LTj ;'/lIft /fv]/ 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ ef]sef]s}/fVg] ls gf/LTj a]r]/ 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] kfng kf]if0f u?F eGg] b'O{ ljk/Lt ;f]rfOsf] ljsf; ePsf] 5 eg] l;pF8Lsf] k"mn syfdf ljb]lzP/ cfk"m df]hd:tL ug]{ ls cfˆgf nfnfafnfsf vflt/ :jb]zd} b'Mv ;x]/ a:g] eGg] kfl/jfl/s bfloTjsf aLr åGå b]lvG5 . /]jltof dfg] /lkmsg syfdf ;fdflhs k|lti7f arfpg] ls k|lti7fnfO{ hf]lvddf /fv]/ ef]ujfbL hLjgz}nL ckgfpg] eGg] ljk/Lt ljifon] tgfj l;h{gf u/]sf] 5 eg] axfb'/Lsf] gfs syfdf ¿l9ut dfGotf / gjLg ;+:sf/sf aLr ljifd efjgf hlGdPsf] 5 . syfdf pkl:yt ePsf o:tf ljljw vfn] b[Zo kl/b[Zoaf6 a|fhfsLsf syfsf kfqx¿ / syfj:t' cGtå{Gå ;fk]If ePsf] kfOG5 . åGåsf] ;3g k|of]u ePsf] syfn] af}l4s kf7snfO{ k|]/0ffbfoL v'/fs k|bfg ub{5 eGg] ;}4flGts dfGotf cg'¿k a|fhfsLsf syfx¿sf] åGåfTds cleJolQmn] syfx¿ k|]/0ffbfoL ag]sf 5g\ . åGåsf] plrt lgjf{xn] syfdf dfgjhLjgsf] ;"Id cWoog x'g' / To;af6 ;fdflhs Pjd\ dgf]j}1flgs w/ftndf syf ;kmn ;flat x'g' a|fhfsLsf] syfsfl/tfsf] Pp6f kf6f] dfGg ;lsG5 . dfgjhLjg ;d:o} ;d:ofsf] k'~h xf] . o:tf dfgjLo ;d:ofsf] phfu/ ug{ dgf]j}1flgs åGån] ;dfwfgsf] af6f] klxNofO lbG5 -kf]v/]n, @)^%M*#_ eGg] syfut dfGotfsf] lgjf{x 26 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^!


a|fhfsLsf syfx¿df ePsf] kfOG5 . pgsf clwsf+z syfx¿sf] syfj:t', kfq, kl/j]zdf åGåsf] plrt lgjf{xn] syfx¿ cfsif{s, ultzLn, ;hLj, dd{:kzL{, k|]/0ffbfoL ag]sf 5g\ .

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#=!=$ a|fhfsLsf syfdf k|tLsfTdstf k|tLsfTdstf efiff z}nL;Fu ;Da4 x'G5 . snfTds l;h{gfsf nflu k|tLsfTds efiffz}nL ;zQm dfWod xf] . k|tLsfTdstfn] syfnfO{ WjGofTds tyf Joª\UofTds 9fFrfdf k|:t't ug{ ;3fpF5 . a|fhfsLn] efiff z}nL / zLif{sdf k|tLsfTds /f]ug nufP/ syfnfO{ pTs[i6 agfpg] k|of; u/]sf] kfOG5 . laDa / k|tLssf] plrt k|of]u ePsf syfx¿ ;Lw} syf eGg] kf/fsf j0f{geGbf ;f/ule{t / cy{k"0f{ x'G5g\, sljtfTds / pkd]o x'G5g\, Joª\UofTds / k|tLsfyL{ x'G5g\ eGg] ;dfnf]rs s[i0frGb| l;+x k|wfgsf] ljrf/ cg';f/ k|tLsfTdstfsf] k|of]un] syfnfO{ ;f/ule{t / k|tLsfyL{ agfpF5 eGg] dfGotf a|fhfsLsf syfdf k'li6 ePsf] kfOG5 . pgsf syfdf k|o'Qm k|tLsfTds efiff z}nLsf s]xL pbfx/0f k|:t't ul/G5 . kGw|;osf] d':sfg cg'xf/df af]s]/ -cjd"Nog syf k]h #_, bnfn xfF:5 cf]7df ;fx' xfF:5 cfFvfdf -vfN8f] syf k]h #*_, pT;fx / pdËnfO{ lgkmGb} hfFbf slgsf / e';dfq} xft k/]sf] 5 -uwf syf M %!_, 3fd yfKnf]dfly / 5fof k}tfnf tn cfO;s]sf] 5 -s'g} df5f 5}g syf M $^_, cfFvfn] ?g l;sfof], d'vn] df}g /xg / sfgn] alx/f] x'g -cfsfzsf] kmn M $_, h"g w'/Laf6 pk|]m/ clns dfly k'u]5 -kfgL b]pm b]pm M %^_, cfTdLotf a]8?ddf uP/ 6'lËof] -ltd|L :jf:gL / d M ===_, p;sf] kmf6]sf] sldhaf6 tftf] xfjf k:5 t/ e'F8L;Dd k'Ubf tftf] nfUb}g lsgeg] l/Qf] e'F8L emg\ tftf] 5 -lgis?0f dWofGx M ^(_, ;fbf nf]Ug] xfF:of] . a'§] :jf:gL zÍfu|:t eO{ -k|]t / kl/jf/ M $!_, k'mk"Ho"sf] eg] k|hftGq k|hftGq eg]/ ;f/L g} v':Sof], a'afHo"sf] wf]tL v':Sof] -/fu xh'l/of M #_, leGgtf åGås} nflu xf], åGå :jfy{l;l4sf] nflu xf] / :jfy{ l;l4 g} t d]/f] cl:tTj xf] -xTofsf] e"ldsf M #%_, k|]t k'?if eg] slxn] p;sf] lgtDa ;'D;'DofpF5 slxn] ufnf / s]; ;'D;'DofpFb} 3'; k|flKtsf nflu afFb/] clegodf Jo:t 5 -k|]t / kl/jf/ M %@_, laxfgLsf] 3fd cnsq] ;8sdf lkmFlhPsf] 5 -e'G6Lsf] eljio M ^)_ cflb kb / kbfjnLsf] k|tLsfTds cy{n] syfsf] z}nL kIf cfsif{s, kl/is[t / vfl/Psf] cg'e"t x'G5 . Pp6f xftn] aHg] tfnL, ;Qfsf] k'5|]tf/f, cfsfzsf] kmn cfFvf t/L d/, sNkgfsf] s}bL, bz}Fsf s]xL cg'xf/, x'/L, ;fF3'/f] cfsfz, /ftf cfFvf kx]Fnf cfFvf h:tf syf zLif{sn] klg z}nLsf] k|tLsfTds kIf ;d]6]sf] kfOG5 . k"0ff{Í – !^!

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k"jf{4{ r/0fsf uhnx¿n] oyfy{jfbsf] w/ftndf 6]s]/ ;fdflhs lj;Ëlt, dfgjLo ;+j]bgf, k|0fo ;+of]u tyf ljof]unfO{ ljifoj:t' agfPsf 5g\ eg] kl5Nnf] cjlwsf uhnx¿n] ;d;fdlos /fhgLlts ;Gbe{sf] k[i7e"lddf /fhgLlts cl:y/tfsf] oyfy{ lrq0f ub{} /fHodf l:y/tf Pjd\ zflGtsf] sfdgf u/]sf 5g\ . ;du|df eGg' kbf{ pgsf uhnx¿df j}olQms k|]dfnfk, of}gs'07f, j]bgf, cfzf Pjd\ lg/fzf, /fhgLlts Joª\Uo, b]zk|]dsf] efjgf, b]zb|f]xLk|lt Joª\Uo, cj;/jfbL rl/qsf] pbfËf]kg, afnljs[lt, Gofofnodf b]lvPsf ljrng, ;dfh kl/jt{gsf] rfxgfnfO{ ljifoj:t' agfOPsf] kfOG5 -clwsf/L, @)^)M@*_ .

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#=@=! a|fhfsLsf uhnx¿sf] ;+/rgfTds kIf ;+/rgfTds kIf eg]/ uhn lgdf{0fsf] k|fljlws kIftk{m ;ª\s]t ul/Psf] xf] . uhnsf] ;+/rgfTds kIf cWoog ubf{ z]/ -dTnf_, ld;/f P– pnf, ld;/f P–;fgL, /lbkm, sflkmof, dQmf, tvNn';o'Qm h:tf k|fljlws kIf s]nfpg' kg]{ x'G5 . uhn n]vgdf z]/nfO{ dTnf klg elgG5 . b'O{ kª\lQm -ld;/f_ ldn]/ Pp6f z]/sf] lgdf{0f x'G5 . z]/sf] klxnf] kª\lQm -ld;/f–P–pnf_ n] JoQm u/]sf] efj jf ljrf/nfO{ bf];|f] kª\lQm -ld;/f–P–;fgL_ n] lg?lkt ug'{ k5{ -a|fhfsL, @)^&_ eGg] uhnsf] ;}4flGts dfGotf /x]sf] kfOG5 . z]/sf ;ª\Vof olt g} x'g' k5{ eGg] ls6fg t st} ul/Psf] 5}g t/ #! z]/sf uhn klg x'g ;S5g\ eGg] ;fdfGo wf/0ff /x]sf] kfOG5 . o; b[li6n] a|fhfsLsf clwsf+z uhnx¿ cWoog ubf{ pgsf uhndf Go"gtd $ z]/ ;ª\ Vof / clwstd\ !* z]/ ePsf;Dd uhn e]l6Psf 5g\ . pgsf] b]Vof} ;fyL s:tf] x'G5 zLif{ssf] uhn !* z]/ ;ª\Vofdf ;+/lrt 5 -a|fhfsL, @)%^, !)–!!_ eg] clwsf+z uhnx¿ %–!! ;Dd z]/ ;ª\Vofsf /x]sf 5g\ . ;fdfGotof pgsf] uhn ofqfsf] k|f/Dedf / pQ/f4{ r/0flt/ n]lvPsf uhnx¿ z]/ ;ª\Vofsf b[li6n] s]xL 5f]6f b]lvG5g\ eg] uhn ofqfsf] dWo cjlwlt/sf uhnx¿ ck]Iffs[t ¿kdf a9L z]/ ePsf b]lvG5g\ . k|To]s z]/df leGgf leGg} efj jf ljrf/ x'g klg ;S5 cyf{t\ z'¿sf] z]/sf] efj g} kl5Nnf z]/x¿df lg/Gt/ cl3 a9\g klg ;S5 eGg] dfGotf cg'¿k pgsf uhnx¿df k|To]s z]/df leGgfleGg} efjsf] cflwSo b]lvG5 eg] s]xL z]/x¿df z'¿s} z]/sf] lg/Gt/tfsf ¿kdf afFsL z]/x¿ cfPsf klg 5g\ . ld;/f–P–pnf -z]/sf] klxnf] kª\lQm_ sf] efjnfO{ ld;/f–P–;fgL -bf];|f] kª\ lQm_ åf/f dfld{stfsf ;fy lg¿lkt ul/G5 -a|fhfsL, @)$(_ eGg] dfGotf pgsf uhnx¿df lgjf{x ePsf] kfOG5 . h:t} M k"0ff{Í – !^!

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dxËL / ld;f]6n] z'4 s]xL kfOFb}g . cfTdxTof ug'{ k/] ljif ca rflxFb}g . -a|fhfsL, @)&!M%^_ ljb]zdf leQfel/ g]kfnLsf] kmf]6f] /}5 . tnlt/ nuf}F6L / dfly e'mq] ef]6f] /}5 . -a|fhfsL, @)&!M@!_ hlt k6s hfu] klg cFWof/fdf hfUbf] /}Ú5' . ;fx'gL t ;'lt;lsg\ /S;L dfq dfUbf] /}Ú5' . -a|fhfsL, @)^&M$&_ dflysf # leGgfleGg} zLif{ssf uhnx¿df klxnf] uhnsf] z]/sf] klxnf] ld;/f -kª\lQm_ n] vfBfGgdf ld;fj6sf] ;d:of p7fPsf] 5 eg] bf];|f] ld;/fn] ld;fj6af6 ljifdf ¿kfGt/ x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgftk{m ;ª\s]t u/]sf] 5 . To:t} bf];|f]df ld;/fn] ljb]zdf a:g] g]kfnLx¿sf] kmf]6fsf] ;Gbe{ b]vfPsf] 5 eg] bf];|f] ld;/fn] To; kmf]6fdf k|o'Qm kf]zfssf] k'li6 u/]sf] 5 clg t];|f] uhn c+zdf klxnf] ld;/fn] zfob a|fhfsLsf] cfˆg} dlb/f ;]jgtk{m ;ª\s]t ub{} cfk"m dlb/f lkP/ cw{r]tsf] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] ;ª\s]t u/]sf] 5 . z}nL lzNksf b[li6n] cWoog ubf{ pgsf uhnx¿ clwsf+ztM zf:qLo lgoddf -s]xL ckjfb afx]s_ /rgf ul/Psf 5g\ . uhnsf] klxnf] dTnfsf] 5Gb cg';f/ g} c¿ dTnfx¿sf] 5Gb klg ldNg] ePsfn] pgsf uhnx¿ nofTds tyf u]ofTds ag]sf 5g\ . uhnsf] klxnf] dTnfsf] cIf/ ;ª\Vof tyf 5Gbcg'¿k c¿ ;a} dTnfsf] cIf/, dfqf / 5Gb ldNg' pgsf] n]vgsf] ljlzi6tf g} xf] h:tf] a'lemG5 . pgsf] cg'k|f;o'Qm uhn n]vgL g]kfnL ;flxTos} If]qdf cg's/0fLo dfGg ;lsG5 . uhnsf] ;+/rgfTds kIfdf /lbkm / sflkmofsf] lgjf{x x'g' klg dxŒjk"0f{ kIf dflgG5 . a|fhfsLsf uhnx¿df /lbkm -bf];|f] kª\lQmsf] clGtd zAb_ cg'k|f;o'Qm x'G5 eg] sflkmof -/lbkmeGbf cufl8sf] t'sfGt zAb_ klg To;} cg'¿k k|of]u ePsf] b]lvG5 . sxLF st} s'g} z]/df sflkmof t'saGbLlaxLg eP klg To;n] snfTds kIfnfO{ Tolt k|efj kf/]sf] b]lvFb}g . u'0f u/L kmls{hfg] ltd|f] xft /}5 . k'mn]kl5 eml/hfg] kfl/hft /}5 . -a|fhfsL, @)&!M@#_ dflysf] uhn c+zdf …/}5Ú, …/}5Ú eGg] /lbkm / o;sf] k"j{jtL{ … xftÚ–…hftÚ eGg] cg'k|f;o'Qm zAb sflkmof xf] . pgsf cGo uhnx¿df klg o:t} u/L /lbkm / sflkmofsf] cg'k|f;o'Qm k|of]un] uhnsf] nofTds ;'Gb/tf a9fPsf] kfOG5 . dQmfsf] plrt k|of]u ul/g' klg a|fhfsLsf] uhnsfl/tfsf] dxŒjk"0f{ kf6f] xf] . a|fhfsLn] cfˆgf uhnsf z]/x¿dWo] k|foM dQmf -uhnsf/n] cfˆgf] gfd lbg'_ sf] k|of]u u/]sf] kfOG5 . o; tvNn';o'Qm -z]/df gfd 30 ÷ /rgf

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/flvg'_ k/Dk/fnfO{ pgn] uhnofqfsf] z'¿cftb]lv g} ckgfPsf] b]lvG5 . o;af6 pgn] uhnsf] ;}4flGts dfGotfsf] k'li6 u/]sf] klg a'lemG5 . k|sltn] agfP5 hLjg ;Fu} d[To' . …dg'Ún] t cd[t yf]/} ljif w]/} lkof] . -a|fhfsL, @)&!M@@_ dft] klg …dg'Ún] t 1fg'nfO{ kfof] . 1fg' 5f]8L …dg'ÚnfO{ ;fFRg' ePg . -a|fhfsL, @)^&M#&_ dflysf uhn c+zx¿ a|fhfsLsf tvNn';o'Qm z]/sf pbfx/0f x'g\ . pgn] tvNn';nfO{ ld;/fsf] z'¿, aLr / cGTo sxLF g sxLF k|of]u u/]sf 5g\ . o;/L uhnsf/ dg' a|fhfsL uhnsf] ;+/rgf kIfsf wgL 5g\ . s]xL s]xL uhnx¿df zf:qLo lgodx¿sf] ;Ldf eP klg pgsf clwsf+z uhnx¿ zf:qLo lgod;Fu} ;Da4 b]lvG5g\ .

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#=@=@ a|fhfsLsf uhnx¿sf] ljifoj:t' tyf efj uhnnfO{ pTs[i6 agfpg] Pp6f tŒj z}nL xf] eg] csf]{ ljifoj:t' jf efj xf] . uhndf x[bo:kzL{ nofTds z}nL, efjufDeLo{o'Qm ;'i7' k|tLs ;DkGgtf / dgf]xf/L k|:t'tLs/0f ePg eg] Tof] uhn sfJo¿kdf c;kmn / uBfTds v;|f] j0f{g 7xl/g]5 -afh|fsL, @)^&_ eGg] :jod\ uhnsf/sf] cleJolQmn] klg uhnsf nflu z}nL kIf / efj kIfsf] dxŒj ;flat x'G5 . a|fhfsLsf uhnx¿df ljifoj:t'n] ;d]6]sf] o'uaf]w, b]zelQm efjgf, Joª\UofTdstf / k|]d efjn] pgsf uhnx¿df efj ufDeLo{nfO{ lzv/Tj k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . @)$) sf] bzskl5sf g]kfnL uhnsf/x¿n] df]tL/fd e§sfnLg elQm / >[ª\ufl/s efjwf/faf6 k|foM d'Qm /x]/ hLjgsf ljleGg ef]ufO / ;dfhdf JofKt lj;Ëltx¿k|lt ;r]ttf b]vfPsf] kfOG5 -kf]v/]n, @)$(M!#)_ elgPcg'¿k a|fhfsL klg s'g} sfNklgs ;+;f/df /d]/ xf]Og ;dfhsf] oyfy{ w/ftndf ljr/0f u/]/ cfhsf] o'u s] s:tf] af]ln/x]sf] 5 To:t} ljifoj:t' cfˆgf uhndf k|:t't u5{g\ . d"n ¿kdf ;dfhdf a9\b} uPsf] e|i6frf/, clgoldttf, dxËL, /fhgLlts cl:y/tf, dfgjLo rl/qdf b]lvPsf] 5f8fkg, JolQmut :jfy{ emflËb} uPsf] oyfy{nfO{ nofTds k'6 lbg' pgsf] uhnn] ;d]6]sf ljifoj:t' x'g\ . hlt /f]P klg oxfF b'lgofFn] s]xL x'Gg . g]tfhLn] d~raf6 /f]P eg] tfnL nfU5 . u/LaLsf] /]vfd'lg cfF;' lkO{ dflt/fVg] . dnfO{ eg] cgf}7f] of] …dg'Ú kf] g]kfnL nfU5 . -a|fhfsL, @)%^M@*_ oNn] x}g, ToNn] x}g k|hftGq d}n] NofPF . k"0ff{Í – !^!

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;flxTosf/ hubLz l3ld/]n] t a|fhfsLnfO{ …syf–;d|f6Ú g} eg]sf lyP . To;f] t a|fhfsL ;ddflqs nodf g]kfnL uhnn]vgsf …o"–6g{Ú cleofGtf klg x'g\ . …;Ssn adf]lhd gSsn b'?:t 5Ú eg]em}+ pgsf syf / uhn hghLjgsf To:t} b'?:t k|ltlnlkx¿ x'g\ . l;h{gzLn n]vgdf ts{ pgnfO{ slQ dg kb{}gYof] . ts{nfO{ pgL …dflg;x¿sf ljjztfsf pkh x'g\Ú eGg] uy{] . tYok/s l;h{gfsf sf/0f pgn] nfvf}+ ;'wLkf7sx¿ cfDbfgL u/] . kf7snfO{ ;flxTosf GofofwLz 7fGg] pgn] pgLx¿sf ;sf/fTds k|ltlS|mofnfO{ l;h{gfsf hfFu/ dfGy] . n]Vg], k9\g] / lrGtgdgg\ ug{] a|fhfsLsf lgoldt lS|mofsnfkx¿ lyP . l;h{gzLn n]vgsf nflu :d/0fzlQmsf] e"ldsf dxTjk"0f{ x'G5 . @)^) sflt{s @) ut] pgnfO{ klxnf]k6s dl:tis3ft eof] . dl:tis3ft x'g'cl3sf] pgsf] tLI0f :d/0fzlQm dl:tis3ftkl5 lgs} sdhf]/ x'g yfNof] . To;kl5 pgn] k'/fgf s'/fx¿ ;lDemg ;s]gg\ . o;y{ l;nl;nf ldnfP/ syf n]Vg g;Sbf pgsf] dl:tisnfO{ lgs} kL8f x'g yfNof] . oxL kL8f ;xg g;s]/ pgn] Psrf]l6 cfTdxTofsf] k|of; ;d]t u/]sf lyP eGg] s'/f kl/jf/leqaf6 v':; aflx/ ;'lgg cfPsf] lyof] . oxL 8/n] kl/jf/n] pgnfO{ lj=;+= @)^^ j}zfv @& ut] pkrf/sf nflu cd]l/sf nUg] lg0f{o u/] . cd]l/sfdf pgsf 5f]/L–HjfO{+ lyP . 5f]/L–HjfO{+s} vr{df pgL ;kTgLs cd]l/sf uPsf lyP . pgnfO{ eg] cd]l/sf hfg} dg lyPg . hfg'eGbf !÷@ lbg cufl8 3/df z'eofqfsf] sfdgf JoQm ug{ cfPsf z'elrGts / cfˆgf cfkmGtx¿sf] eL8 nfu]sf] lyof] . oxL eL8df d klg k'u]sf] lyPF . dnfO{ b]v]/ pgL d';'Ss xfF;] . xfF;f] xfF:b}ubf{ pgsf] cg'xf/df z'elrGts, cfˆgf– cfkmGt, dft[e"ld / hghLjgsf ljof]un] P]+7g u/]sf] b]lvGYof] . pgsf] To:tf] cg'xf/ b]Vbf dnfO{ klg ef]lnb]lv pgL;Fusf] ljof]usf] cfef;n] 56\ k6L x'gyfn]sf] lyof] . oxL a]nf 1fg' efph"n] d;Fu …afa', x]g{' t bfOn] s] ug'{ efÚsf] xf] of] < ef]ln lbpF;f] ! ah]sf] ˆnfO6 5 . cfˆgf / cfkmGtsf ;fdfg ldnfpg afFsL 5g\ . bfO eg] e¥ofª\df 3l/ tn 3l/ dfly ul/l;G5 . nf} cd]l/sf ghfg] eOof] elGbg] xf] eg] v'zL xf]Ol;G5 . bfOnfO{ ;DemfOlbg' g– cd]l/sf xh"/sf] pkrf/sf] nflu hfg nfu]sf] xf] eg]/ =======’ eGb} x'g'x'GYof] . o:t} ps';d's';sf ;fy ef]lnkN6 pgL g]kfnaf6 cd]l/sfsf nflu hxfhdf p8] . lj=;+= @)&) c;f/ ! ut] zlgaf/ pgL klxnf]k6s cd]l/sfaf6 3/ kms{] . kms{]kl5sf] e]6df xfdLn] pgL hfg]a]nfsf] pgsf] a]r}g cj:yfnfO{ ;DemfOlbof}+ . lkm:; xfF;]/ pgn] Tolta]nfsf cfˆgf cg'ej xfdLnfO{ ;'gfpg yfn]– æd t lkm/Gt]÷3'dGt] dfG5] g x'F . dnfO{ 3'Dg v"a dgk5{ . k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 37


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lszf]/fj:yfb]lv g} ef/tdf ef}+tfl/gsf nflu w]/}rf]l6 cfˆgf] hGdynf] / dft[e"ld 5f8]/ lx+8]sf] lyPF . t/ o:tf] dgd'6' g} x'F8Ng] cg'e"lt dnfO{ slxNo} klg ePsf] lyPg . hxfhdf p8\bf xfdL blIf0flt/sf] em\ofndf lyof}+ . d]/f] dg ToxL+af6 xfdkmfn]/ blIf0flt/sf] dxf]Q/L lhNnfsf] cf}/xL, hxfF d hGd]sf] lyPF, df cjt/0f uYof]{ . To;}sf] xfjfkfgL / df6f]n] r]tdfgl;+x e08f/L / dg' a|fhfsLsf] lgdf{0f ePsf] lyof] ========.Æ kSs} klg ;|i6f l;h{gfdf /dfpF5g\ . l;h{gfsf nflu k|To]s ;|i6fsf cf–cfˆg} cg'ejn] lgdf{0f u/]sf kl/j]z x'G5g\ . a|fhfsLsf] Tof] cg's"n kl/j]z eg]sf] oxL+sf] hghLjg xf] . oBlk ufF;, af;, skf;b]lv xfd|f efiff, lnlk, ;+:s[lt, wd{ cflb ef/t;Fu ldNg] x'Fbf oxfF / ToxfFsf] hghLjgsf b'Mv–;'v / ef]ufOsf cg'ej ldNbfh'Nbf x'Gy] . To;}n] pgsf] lszf]/fj:yfsf] ef/t 3'dfOn] dg x'F8Ng]eGbf klg cfkm"n] cWoog ug{ rfx]sf] ljifoj:t'sf] nflu yk gofF ;fdfu|L a6'Ng ;xof]u k'UYof] . agf/;af6 g]kfn kmls{Pkl5 pgn] ot}sf hghLjgsf h/fb]lv 6'Kkf;Ddsf syf–Joyfsf cWoog / n]vgdf cfgGbfg'e"lt ug{ yfn]sf lyP . cfˆg} hGdynf] / dft[e"lddf cfˆgf–cfkmGt / z'elrGtsx¿;Fu /dfpg yfn]sf lyP . pgsf cWoog / l;h{gfsf nflu cfjZos ljifoj:t'x¿ ot} lyP . pgsf] dg /fli6«o–ufg sf08b]lv g} b]zk|]ddf Psfsf/ e};s]sf] lyof] . pgsf oL ;a} b}lgs clgjfo{tfx¿nfO{ 5f8]/ cd]l/sf hfg'kbf{ pgsf] l;h{gzLn JolQmTjsf] dg cfGbf]lnt x'g' :jfefljs} lyof] . k/Gt' dft[e"ldsf 7]s]bf/x¿nfO{ a|fhfsL sf] xf] < d¥of] jf lhpFb} 5 < s]xL kQ} ePg . b]zdf k~rfot 9n]/ ax'bnLo k|hftGq cfof] . To;kl5 /fhtGq kmflnof] / u0ftGq cfof] . k'/fgf ;fdflhs ;+/rgf Wj:t eP . ToxL cg'¿k gofF ;+/rgf lgdf{0f x'g'kg{] lyof] . tL s]xL ePgg\ . gofFtGqn] ;dfhsf kL8f pGd"ng unf{ eg]sf] emg} nfdf] h/f uf8]/ km}lng yfNof] . j:t'tM r]tdfgl;+x e08f/Lsf] r]tgzLn JolQmTj …dg' a|fhfsLÚ k'gM ;dfh, /fi6«, dfgjtf / l;+uf] ;+;f/sf] lrGtfn] lrlGtt x'g yfNof] . lj=;+= @))& ;fnb]lvs} /fHosf] gh/df ;flxTo, snf / ;ª\uLt cg'Tkfbs If]q g} /lx/x] . ;Eo ;';+:s[t / kl/is[t ;dfh lgdf{0fsf nflu ;flxTosf] lasNk 5}g . ;fdflhs ¿kfGt/0fdf ;flxTosf] of]ubfg j0f{gftLt 5 . o:tf] dxTjk"0f{ ;+oGqnfO{ /fHon] cg'Tkfbs If]q eGg' /fHosf] 7"nf] b'ef{Uo xf] . /fHosf] of] oyfl:ylt b]v]/ …dg' a|fhfsLÚ sf] Jofjxfl/s JolQmTj …r]tdfgl;+x e08f/LÚ cfˆgf 3/kl/jf/sf ;Dk"0f{ lhDd]jf/LnfO{ r6Ss 5f8]/ ;flxTodf ;dlk{t x'Fbfsf] kZrfQfkn] lk/f]lnG5 / dg s'F8fpFb} eG5– æd ;flxTosf/ eP/ klg ;'vk"j{s afFlr/x]5' lsgeg] d}n] cfˆgf] kl/jf/nfO{ lbg;Dd b'Mv lbPsf] 5' 38 ÷ /rgf

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


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h'g cJoQm 5 .Æ /fHosf] cfDbfgL eg]s} s/sf] ;ª\sng xf] . cfˆgf] sfo{sf] pknlAw cg'¿k /fHonfO{ s/ ltg'{ ;j{yf plrt xf] . o;/L a'emfPsf] s/sf] plrt pkof]u ug'{ /fHosf] bfloTj xf] . /fHo eg]sf] hgtfsf] pRr e/f];f xf] . e/f];fsf ltg} lhDd]af/ hgk|ltlglwx¿af6 cfkm"n] ufF; s6fP/ lt/]sf] s/sf] b'?kof]u x'g' eg]sf] pgLx¿n] cfd lgwf{hgtfdfly u/]sf] cIfDo wf]sf xf] . wf]sfsf] of] z[ª\vnfn] oxfF jiff{} cl3b]lv lg/Gt/tf kfO/x]sf] 5 . of] oyfy{nfO{ hgslj uf]s'n hf]zL -lj=;+= !(*&–@)!*_ sf] of] sljtf+zn] cem k|i6 kf5{ – …ef]sef]s} dg{ nfu] slj snfsf/, t8\kfP/ gdfl/b\of} em'08fP/ df/ .Ú b]zdf g]t[Tjju{af6} ePsf] 8;fOaf6 pS;g g;s]/ ljb]lzPsf hf]zL æadf{ uP sd{;Fu}Æ eg]em}+ ToxfF pgn] cfkm"n] sfd ug{] hxfh sDkgLsf dflnssf] klg p:t} b'Jo{jxf/ ;xg'k¥of] . o;/L ufF;, af; / skf;sf] Joj:yf ldnfpg g;s]/ pgL la/fdL k/] / #! jif{sf] cNkfo'd} pgsf] d[To' eof] . /fHo;Fu ;|i6fn] 3/38]/L dfu]sf lyPgg\ / cfh;Dd dfu]sf 5}gg\ . pgLx¿n] t s]jn ;ª\slnt s/af6 afFr]/ n]Vg k'Ug] vr{ dfq} dfu]sf x'g\ . olb /fHon] ;|i6fnfO{ olt ;xof]u uYof]{ eg] ;flxTosf/sf] ;flxlTos pmhf{n] clxn] ;Dd of] b]zsf] sfFr'nL km]l/O;SYof] . /fHosf] o:tf] s6' / ljb|"k ljlwljwfgljxLg c/fhs Jojxf/ a|fhfsLn] ghLsaf6 a]xf]/]sf lyP . o;y{ cGtjf{tf{sf/n] ;flxTodf nfu]/ /fHoaf6 s] ;xof]u kfpg'eof]sf] hjfkmdf pgL eGg] uy{] – …e|i6frf/L, anfTsf/L, u'08fubL{ / t:s/Ln] afx]s of] b]zdf c¿ s;}n] klg /fHosf] ;xof]u kfpFb}gg\ . d]/f] ljj]sn] dnfO{ dflysf s'g} klg kb ;DxfNg cg'dlt lbPg . o;y{ b]zsf] cy{dGqL hf];'s} ag"g\ / nf]8;]l8ª x'Fb} uP/ cGttM 3/df 6'sL afNg'kg{] cj:yf cfcf];\ dg' a|fhfsL a? eujfg a'4lt/ kmls{G5, cy{dGqLtkm{ xf]Og .Ú o;/L cfd lgwf{ hgtfh:t} cefj, u/LaL / cjx]ngfaf6 d'Qm ;flxTosf/x¿ klg 5}gg\ . To;f] t s'g} ;do oxL b]zdf hgtfn] vfPkl5 dfq} cfkm"n] vfg] dlxGb|dNnh:tf /fhf klg lyP . hghLjgsf] cWoogsf] S|mddf tyfslyt ;Eo egfpFbfx¿sf] b}nf]leq a|fhfsLn] ;ftf] sf8\g] rLTsf/x¿ ;'g]sf lyP . ljBfnodf x'g] k':tsLo cWoogsf PS;–/] n] pgnfO{ tL rLTsf/x¿sf] b'?:t lrq lvRg ;S5' h:tf] nfu]g . oL rLTsf/sf] b'?:t lrq lvRgsf nflu pgn] æPd=cf/=cfO{=–DofUg]l6s l/hf]g]G; Od]lhª\Æ cyf{t …r'DasLo cg'gfb k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 39


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k|ltlaDagÚ d]l;gsf] cfljisf/ ug'{kg{] dx;"; u/] . o;sf] nflu :jcWoogdf ;Lk, of]Uotf / cg'ejsf] h¿/L lyof] . o;}n] pgL ljBfnoLo cWoognfO{ 5f8]/ hghLjgsf] cWoogsf nflu :ynut e|d0ftkm{ nfu] / e|d0fnfO{ g} :j–cWoogsf] ljBfno÷ljZjljBfno agfP . laDa / k|tLssf tLvf / wfl/nf xltof/ k|of]u u/L lgs} xf]lzof/Lsf ;fy ;dfhsf] zNolS|mof ug{ / cfˆgf snfTds ljrf/ / ljj]ssf zLtn dnd nufpFb} syf / uhndfkm{t lg/Gt/ ;dfhnfO{ lgMz'Ns pkrf/ ug{ nflu/x] . kb / ;Qfsf] df]x a|fhfsLnfO{ slxNo} ePg . pgsf elth z/brGb|l;+x e08f/L ;+:s[lt dGqL x'Fbf pgnfO{ k|1f k|lti7fgsf] k|f1 x'gsf] nflu ul/Psf] cg'/f]wdf tTsfnLg s'nklt df]xg sf]O/fnfsf cufl8 xft hf]8]/, æbfO, tkfO{+n] agfpg nfUg'ePsf] k|f1x¿sf] ;"rLdf dnfO{ gkfg'{;\ x}Æ eg]/ ul/Psf] k|ltcg'/f]w / æk|lti7fgn] k"/f ug'{kg{] e"ldsf 1fglj1fgsf] If]qdf ;tf+z klg u/]sf] 5}g, lsgeg] xfd|f] ;Dk"0f{ Wofg /fhgLltdf s]lGb|t 5 / of] xfd|f] b'ef{Uo xf]Æ eg]/ tTsfn} ul/Psf] l6Kk0fLaf6 pgsf] kb / ;Qfk|ltsf] df]x ljNs'n} lyPg eg]/ a'lemG5 . kb / ;Qfn] hf] sf]xLnfO{ klg ljrlnt / e|i6 kf/]sf] k|df0f pgsf cfFvfdf l;g]df ag]/ a;]sf lyP . To;}n], æd}n] kbsf] ul/df a9fPFÆ eGg]nfO{ pgL æls t kfv08L xf] ls t g]tfhL xf]Æ eGg] uy{] . pgL æd t ;8ssf] dfG5] x'F, ;8sd} /dfpF5'Æ eg]/ pgLx¿af6 klG5Gy] . o;/L pgdf ;:tf] cfTdlj1fkgsf] OR5f slxNo} cfPg . a|fhfsLnfO{ …cxdb g;Ld sfbdLÚ sf uhnsf oL ;]/x¿ v"a} dg ky{] – æsf}g sxtf x} ls df}t cfO{ tf] d/ hfpFmuf d}+ tf] bl/of x"F ;d'Gb/d]+ pt/ hfpFmuf . lhGbuL z'd\ cf sL dflg+b hntf x"F …gbLdÚ a'em tf] hfpFmuf, du/ ;'ax s/ hfpFmuf .Æ cyf{t\, s;n] eG5 sfn cfP dl/lbpFnf < vf]nf x'F d ;d'b|df eml/lbpFnf . lhGbuLdf lbof]h:t} an]+ …gbLdÚ lge]+ eg] pHofnf] t ul/lbpFnf . ef}lts z/L/ lnP/ sf]xL :ju{÷gs{ hfFb}gg\ . d/]kl5 :ju{ hfg kfOG5 eg] klg z/L/nfO{ 5f8]/ sf]xL hfg rfxGgg\ . ;d'b|df em/]kl5 vf]nf ljzfn ;d'b| aG5 . tfklg vf]nfn] cfˆgf] cl:tTj vf]nfs} ¿kdf b]Vg rfxG5 . dfG5] dg{ grfx] klg / vf]nf ;d'b|df emg{ grfx] klg cflv/ tL 40 ÷ /rgf

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


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b'j} eP/} 5f8\5g\ . a|fhfsLnfO{ o;df slt zª\sf lyPg . pgL ædfG5]sf nflu d[To' csf6\o 5 . hLjgsf] clGtd ;To d[To' xf]Æ elg/xGy] . o;}n] /fHo ;|i6fsf] ljkIfdf eP klg pgL cfhLjg hghLjgsf] kIfdf n]lv/x] . cyf{t lhGbuLe/ ;flxTosf] lbof] ag]/ aln/x] . n]Vg slxNo} 5f8]gg\ . lj=;+= @)&$ df3 !( ut] pgsf] lhGbuLsf] aftL hghLjgsf] r]tgfdf laxfgL -pHofnf]_ u/fP/ dfq} lgEof] . a|fhfsL slxNo} klg s'g} klg /fhgLlts, ;flxlTos / ;fdflhs ;+3–;+u7gdf ;+nUg ePgg\ . To;}n] lj36gsf] dgf]bzf lnP/ ;ª\3l6t ;+3;+:yf / ;+u7gsf] cf}lrToaf6 pgL ;b}j b"/:y /x] . st} k|rfl/t÷k|;fl/t ePgg\ . t/, ;'/lIft /x] . o;}df /dfpb} pgL eG5g\ –æ/ t d dfG5] x'g ;s]+, oxL d]/f] lhGbuLsf] pknlAw xf] .Æ pgn], ædfg–;Ddfg / k'/:sf/eGbf 7"nf] d}n] ;dsfnLg ;fyLx¿ / tt\kZrftx¿af6 h'g :g]x, cfTdLotf kfPsf] 5', tL d]/f nflu cd"No 5g\Æ eGbf /fHosf] k|tf8gf ;xFb} n]lv/x]sf ;h{snfO{ yf]/} ePklg /fHosf] of] k|lts"n cj:yfdf n]Vg] pmhf{ ldNYof] . a|fhfsL –…d[To'k5fl8sf] hLjg x'Fb} x'Fb}g . Tof] t a]sf/sf] sNkgf xf] .Ú eGg] uy{] . o; ljifodf pgL ef/tsf lrlsT;s czf]s s'df/n] Pp6f cGtjf{tf{df æd}n] d]/f] cfTdsyfdf n]Vg rfxG5' ls, d d/]kl5 afFRg rfxGgFÆ eg]sf s'/f d]/f] o:tf] lj:d/0fzLn cj:yfdf klg lj;{]sf] 5}g eGb} cfˆgf] larf/ ldn]sf] atfpFy] . æx'g klg d/]kl5 afFRg'sf] s] cy{ 5 < Tof] t b'lgofFsf] nflu x'G5 . dg{] JolQmsf] nflu t s]xL dxTj 5}g . h:tf] ls, dxfslj nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6f cfkm" t d/]/ hfg'eof] . d/]/ uPkl5 ljZjel/ pxfFnfO{ hLljt /fVg] nfvf}+ k|oTg eO/x]5g\ . Tof] pxfFsf] nflu s]xL dtna} ePg lg . o;}n] d/]kl5 afFRg'sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g . o;sf] cy{ t ltg} ;+:yfx¿sf] :jfy{sf] nflu dfq} x'G5 . To;}n] h] h] ug{] xf], cfˆg} hLjgsfndf ug{] xf] . h] h] pknlAw lng] xf], Tof] klg cfˆg} hLjgsfndf lng] xf] . dl/;s]kl5 kmf]6f]df >Lk]r} nufP klg s] x'G5 / <Æ a|fhfsLn] ;Dk"0f{ lhGbuL o;/L ;flxTodf lgMz'Ns nufgL u/] . lj=;+= @)&$ df3 !( ut]sf] !)M$% ah]lt/ 8fS6/n] pgnfO{ hLljt g/x]sf] 3f]if0ff u/] . k|1f k|lti7fgsf] k|fª\u0fdf ;flxlTos z'elrGtssf k'ikfk{0fsf nflu /fVgnfO{ ToxfFsf tTsfnLg ;DalGwtx¿nfO{ xfdLn] cg'/f]w u¥of}+ . k|lti7fgn] xfd|f] / kl/jf/sf] ljgd| cg'/f]wnfO{ ;'g]g . /fHo afUdtLsf] kfgLn] uf]xLsf cfFvf ;kmf ug{ d} Jo:t /x\of] . To;}n] lhGbuLsf o:t} pQ/fw{tkm{ pgn] ædxn / l;+xf;gsf] nfn;f lxhf] klg lyPg, cfh klg 5}g . a? cfh d 3f6sf] 5]pdf a;]sf] 5', x]/f}+, 8'ª\uf cfpF5 ls d"9f] cfpF5 < cfpF5 eg] slxn] cfpF5 <Æ eg]sf lyP . t/ pgL d/]kl5 pgnfO{ k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 41


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/rgf ÷ 43


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/rgf ÷ 45


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/rgf ÷ 47


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slt jif{b]lv k"/} cFWof/f] lyof] ufpF . ufpFdf ;"o{ pbfpg} 5f8]sf] lyof] . sfnf] afbnn] cfsfz 9fs]sf] klg xf]Og . /flt h"g / tf/fx¿ b]lvPs} lyP . t/, laxfg h"g / tf/f x/fP klg /ft x/fpFb}gYof] . 3fd pbfpFb}gYof] . /fts} cFWof/f] lbgdf klg 5fpFYof] . 3/leq 6'sL afNg' kYof]{ . cFWof/f]n] ubf{ gfgLx¿ :s"n hfg kfO/x]sf lyPgg\ . lstfa k9\g kfO/x]sf lyPgg\ . sdfO{sf nflu vf8L uPsf cfˆgf a'jf, cfdf of bfh'efOnfO{ lr7L n]Vg ;ls/x]sf lyPgg\ . 3fd gePsf]n] v]tdf cGg kmNg 5f8]sf] lyof] . v]t af/Lx¿ afFem} lyP . 5fpuf]7af6 r]nLx¿ x/fpg yfn]sf lyP . ufpFdf lrt'jfsf] laulauL a9]sf] lyof] ufpFn]x¿n] cfcfˆgf] esf/Ldf n'sfP/ /fv]sf] yf]/} cGg rf]/L x'g yfn]sf] lyof] . ufpFaf6 k'ln; rf}sL cGt} ;/]sf] lyof] . :jf:Yorf}sL klg csf]{ ufpFdf :yfgfGt/0f ul/Psf] lyof] . sltv]/ ;'Tg] / slta]nf p7\g] eGg] lgwf] lyPg . To;}n] ufpFn]x¿sf] lgb|f a9]sf] lyof] . cFWof/f]sf c¿ sxfnLnfUbf kl/0ffd klg b]lvg yfn]sf lyP ufpFdf . >LdtLnfO{ s'j]t k7fPsf] nfnafa'n] l5d]sL ho/fdsL 5f]/L hd'gfnfO{ cFWof/f]sf] kmfObf p7fP/ k|]dhfndf kf¥of]. hd'gfn] k]6 af]sL . To;kl5 eg] nfnafa' hd'gfl;t tls{g yfNof] . ædnfO{ g5f8 Sof nfnafa' a? d ltd|L sfG5L e}gf al;hfG5' . ltd|L h]7L hxfgnfO{ lbbL dfGoN5' / ;]jf u/]N5' ., o;/L cg]s cg'goljgo u/]sL lyO{ hd'gfn] . t/, cFWof/f]s} kmfObf p7fP/ nfnafa' ufpFaf6 efUof] . hd'gf nf]snfhsf] eon] cFWof/}df h+un uO{ / ¿vdf em'l08P/ cfTdxTof u/L . cFWof/f]n] ubf{ s;} u/L klg hd'gfsf] vf]hL ug{ ;s]gg\ ufpFn]x¿n] . p;sf] nfz h+und} s'lxof] . /fd]Zj/sf] 5f]/f] nId0fn] ev{/ ;Nofgaf6 lax] u/]/ b'nxL leœofPsf] lyof] . t/, leœofPsf] lbgb]lv ufpFdf cFWof/f] eof] . p;n] b'nxLsf] cg'xf/} b]Vg kfPg . b'nxLn] klg cfˆgf] nf]Ug]sf] cg'xf/ b]Vg kfOg . Ps/ft sf]xL cs}{ k:of] b'nxLsf] sf]7fdf . k"0ff{Í – !^!

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b'nxLn] ;f]wL, …ltdL d]/f] v;d xf} <Ú Tof] v;d lyPg . lgot v/fa u/]/ 3/leq k;]sf] s'g} b'i6 lyof] . t/, cFWof/f]sf] kmfObf p7fP/ To;n] hjfkm lbof], …xf], d t]/f] v;d x'F . Ú cFWof/f]df p;n] k'?ifnfO{ 5fdL . dfof hfUof] . pGdfb klg hfUof] . ;dlk{t eO{ . t/, s]xL 306fkl5 nf]Ug] cfof] . p;n] hxfg /ftel/ c¿ g} k'?if;Fu ;'t]sf] yfxf kfof] . pm lbSbf/ eof] . enfbdL lyof], To;}n] of] s'/f p;n] ufpFdf s;}nfO{ eg]g . t/, p;sf] dg eg] s'6's'6' vfg yfn]sf] lyof] . k/k'?ifl;tsf] ;xjf;sf sf/0f hxfg b'O{ lhpsL ePkl5 p;n] ;xg ;s]g . pm af}nfof] / 3/ 5f8]/ cFWof/f]df stf ljnLg eof] stf . …xfd|f] ufpFl;t Sofe}gf b]ptf cf}wL l/;fof 5g\ h:tf] 5 .Ú ;a}sf] dgdf b]ptfnfO{ v'zL kfg]{ eGg] lrGtf lyof] . pgLx¿ /fFsf] afn]/ dlGb/df uP . cFWof/f]sf] kmfObf p7fP/ s;}n] dlGb/af6 b]ptfsf] d"lt{ a]kQf kfl/;s]sf] lyof] . b]ptf x/fPkl5 ufpFn]x¿ emg\ lrlGtt eP . b]ptfnfO{ l/emfpg ehg sLt{g ug]{ ;Nnfx u/] . t/, ;a} 3/af6 ehg ubf{ ahfpg] afhfx¿ x/fO;s]sf lyP . lagf afhfsf] ehg gL/; eof] . b]ptf v'zL eP/ ufpF pHofnf] kfl/lbPgg\ . cFWof/f]s} sf/0f ufpFaf6 vfg]kfgLsf wf/fx¿ x/fpg yfn] . c¿ t c¿ oxL cFWof/f]sf] kmfObf p7fP/ 5]p5fpsf pHofnf ufpFx¿n] of] ufpFdf k:g] s'nf] cfˆgf ufpFlt/ df]8] . cFWof/f]df ufpFdf cg]s 5fof ;Nanfpg yfn] . …xfd|f] ufpFdf ca e"tx¿ cfpg yfn]Ú ufpF q:t eof] . t/, cFWof/f]n] Pp6fsf] cg'xf/sf] 8/ csf]{n] b]v]g . la:tf/} ufpFn]x¿sf] cg'xf/af6 efjx¿ x/fpg yfNf] . cg'xf/df qf;, v'zL, Joyf ;a} b]lvg 5f8\of] . cg'xf/ cy{xLg eof] . cg'xf/sf] k|of]hg ;dfKt x'g yfn]kl5 ufpFn]x¿sf] z/L/ / lz/ afFsL /Xof], cg'xf/ x/fof] . ufpFdf cg'xf/ gePsf afnaflnsfx¿ hlGdg yfn] . xf], ufpFdf e"tx¿ cfpg yfn]sf] s'/f 7Ls lyof] . ;]tf / ;'lsnf 5fofsf e"tx¿ . cFWof/f]n] ufpFn]x¿nfO{ ;'t'jf agfOlbPsf] lyof] . pgLx¿ lgbfPsf] lgbfo} ug{ yfn]sf lyP . pgLx¿nfO{ cfkm" s'g jif{, s'g dxLgf / s'g lbgb]lv ;'lt/x]sf] eGg] klg yfxf x'g 5f8\of] . 3/3/sf Sofn]08/df 9';L nfu]sf] lyof] . tf]ogfy kGtsf] kfqf] s'lx;s]sf] lyof] . ;a} d:t lgb|fdf ePkl5 3/3/af6 b'Mv;'vsf uLtx¿sf] u'gu'g 50 ÷ /rgf

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;'lgg 5f8\of] . dfbn aHg 5f8\of] . cFWof/f]df ufpFsf] no x/fof] . ;"/ x/fof] . ;+uLt / efsfx¿ x/fP . qmflGtsf sljtf n]Vg] s]xL sljx¿ lyP ufpFdf, ltgnfO{ klg cFWof/f]n] lgNof] . ufpFsf syfx¿ ;'gfpg] xh'/af / xh'/cfdfx¿ klg stf x/fP stf . e"tx¿n] åGåsfnsf a]nf a}+saf6 n'l6Psf /sdx¿ klg ufpFdf NofP / ToxL k};fn] 7"nf7"nf xf]6n / l8kf6{dG] 6n :6f]/x¿ vf]n] . ufpFdf a}+s v'Nof] . l;g]df3/ v'Nof] . /]i6'/G] 6x¿ v'n] . e"tx¿ pHofnf]l;t 3[0ff uy]{ . To;}n] cFWof/f] e"tx¿sf nflu sfObfsf] s'/f lyof] . To;}n] cFWof/f] ufpFdf e"tx¿sf] cf]x/bf]x/ afSnf] eof] . e"tsf] hg;+Vof a9\of] / dfG5]x¿ 36] . dfG5]sf] ;+Vof 36] klg k"/} l;l4Psf] klg lyPg . r]tgfsf] afF;'/L ahfpg] s]xL jfBjfbsx¿ ufpFdf cem}F afFsL lyP . e'OFdfG5]sf uLt n]Vg] s]xL sljx¿ ufpFdf cem} afFsL lyP . t/, cFWof/f]df afhf ahfpg klg ufx|f] . xftx¿ unt 7fpFdf k'Uy] / ;"/tfn lau|GYof] . sljx¿n] gofF sljtf n]Vg kfPsf lyPgg\ / k'/fgf sljtfx¿n] cy{ u'dfO;s]sf lyP . tL uLtx¿ ca e"tx¿n] ufpg yfn]sf lyP . e"tsf] cfˆg} cs]{i6«f lyof] . pgLx¿sf] Snadf ltg} k'/fgf qmflGt uLtx¿ alh/xGy] . k'/fgf uLtx¿n] e"tx¿nfO{ gf]i6flNhs agfpFYof] / ltgLx¿ n8fOFdf cfkm"n] s'g s'g df]rf{df ljho k|fKt u/]sf] / s'g s'g df]rf{df ;fyLx¿n] ;xfbt k|fKt u/]sf] eg]/ rrf{ uy]{ . t/, rrf{ u/]klg e"tx¿ ctLtsf] df]xaf6 eg] d'Qm eO;s]sf lyP . pgLx¿ ca P]o\of; eO;s]sf lyP . e"tx¿ ufpFdf c§xf; ub}{ lxF8\g yfn]sf lyP . ltgsf] c§xf;x¿n] dfG5]nfO{ t;f{pFYof] . dfG5]x¿ emg\ a9L q:t ePsf lyP . Pslbg afFsL ufpFn]x¿n] ;Nnfx u/], …ca o:t/L xft afFw]/ x'Gg . xfdLn] pHofnf]sf] hf]xf] ug{k5{ .Ú cFWof/f]n] ubf{ lr;f] a9]sf] lyof] / ;nfOsf sfF6Lx¿ cf]l;Psf lyP . cfuf] aNg] sf7 / bfp/fx¿ cf]l;Psf lyP . ufpFn]x¿dWo]af6 Pp6f gfos lgl:sof] . p;n] eGof], …xfdLn] cfuf] afNg ;S5f}{+ .Ú gfossf s'/f ;'g]/ ufpFn]x¿ lhNn k/] . …gf ;nfO{ 5, gf bfp/f 5 . gf 3fd 5 . s:t/L aNGof xf] cfuf] <Ú …cFWof/f] lj?4 xfd|f] dgleq cfuf] an]sf] 5 . Tof] cfuf]nfO{ aflx/ Nofpg' k5{ .Ú k"0ff{Í – !^!

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/rgf ÷ 51


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gfosn] cgf}7f] s'/f u¥of] . ;a} rlst eP . …t/, k|of; u/] s] x'Fb}g < dgsf] cfuf]n] klg /fFsf] aNg ;S5 . dgsf] cfuf]n] klg pHofnf] Nofpg ;S5 . dgsf] cfuf]n] klg 3fd pbfpg ;S5 .Ú ufpFn]x¿ emg\ rlst eP . geGb} gfosn] dgsf] cfuf]n] xTs]nfdf ;fgf] Hof]lt afn]/ b]vfOlbof] . …cfa'O{ Û xf] t . pHofnf] t x'lg/}5 P .Ú ufpFn]x¿nfO{ clncln ljZjf; eof] . ufpFn]x¿n] klg gfossf] cg';/0f u/] . pgLx¿n] klg dgsf] cfuf]nfO{ xTs]nfdf NofP . cfuf] aNof] . clnslt pHofnf] eof] . …o;/L clncln u/]/ xfdLn] cfuf] hDdf ug{ yfNof}+ eg] Pslbg xfdLl;t xfd|f] cfˆg} ;"o{ agfpg] cfuf] hDdf x'G5 .Ú ;"o{sf] sNkgfn] ufpFn]x¿ cfglGbt eP . pgLx¿ cfˆgf] cfFvfaf6 ufoa ePsf ;kgfx¿ km]l/ b]Vg yfn] . ufpFn]x¿ dgsf] cfuf]nfO{ hDdf ug{ yfn] . pgLx¿n] cfˆgf] uf]hLdf klg cfuf] /fv] . cfˆgf] esf/Ldf klg cfuf] hDdf u/] . 3/leq klg cfuf] y'kf/] . e"tx¿sf] a}7s a:of] . Pshgfn] k|:tfj /fVof], …lk|o e"tx¿, ufpFdf xfdL lj?4 if8oGq x'g yfn]h:tf] 5 . ufpFn]x¿n] clncln ub}{ y'k|} cfuf] Pslqt ul/;s] . Pslbg pgLx¿n] ToxL cfuf]af6 gofF ;"o{ agfP/ ufpFsf] cfsfzdf em'08\ofpg] 5g\ . Tof] pHofnf]df xfd|f] ;SsnL d'xf/ b]lvg] 5 . xfdL Tof] /fkn] 89\g] 5f}+ / ;vfk x'g] 5f}+ . ;do x'Fb} xfdLn] cfuf] lj?4 7f]; sbd rfNg' h?/L 5 .Ú e"tx¿n] ufpFdf bnfnx¿ NofP . bnfn ufpFdf 3'Db} ufpFn]x¿nfO{ eGg yfNf], …o:tf] ufpFdf a;]/ s] kmfObf < sf]l/of hfg';\ . vf8L hfg'\;\ . hfkfg hfg';\ . k|mL le;fsf] lhDdf e"tsf] ;/sf/n] ug]{5 .Ú ufpFn]x¿ hfndf kml;xfn] . pgLx¿n] cfkm"l;t ePsf] clncln cfuf] klg af/Ldf vfN6f] vg]/ k'l/lbP . sf]xL hfkfg uP . sf]xL sf]l/of uP . sf]xL vf8L uP . ufpF k"/} l/Qf] eof] . 52 ÷ /rgf

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;fdflhs ;+aGwgnfO{ …Ps cfgfsf] hdfgf -;+jt @)&$_Ú df /f]rs 9+un] k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . of] s[lt cg'ejGof;sf] ¿kdf 5 . cg'ejk+'hnfO{ ;kmn s[ltsf] ¿k lbg' Tolt ;lhnf] 5}g . o;df b"/b[li6 / lzNkut ;fdYo{ rflxG5 . ;+If]ktM o; s[ltn] ljZj;gLo 9+udf ;fdflhsLs/0f -;f];nfOh]zg_ sf] ljljw kf6f]nfO{ ;"Idtfk"j{s k:s]sf] b]lvG5 . g]kfnsf] /fhg}lts kl/jt{gn] ;do ;dodf cfsl:ds l:yltnfO{ a]xf]/]sf] 5 . PSsfl; cfsl:ds kl/jt{gn] :yflkt g]kfnL /fhgLltnfO{ l5d]sL /fHosf] dgf]bzfn] ;d]t tndfly ug]{ k|;+u oyfy{ xf] . cfWoflTds / wfld{s b[li6n] afaf kz'kltgfy / hubDaf u'Xo]Zj/LdfO{ -uf}/Lz+s/_ sf] b]z dflgG5, g]kfnnfO{ . cfw'lgs g]kfnL cfWoflTds /fi6«jfbsf k|d'vk|0f]tf, ljåfg kl08t ;f]dgfy l3ld/] Jof;n] cfˆgf] hLjgsfndf g]kfnnfO{ cd[te"ld, b]je"ld / ;fDawfd eGg'ePsf] d}n] ;'g]+ . kf/;gfy, cnlvofafaf / uxjfdfO{sf] ;flgWodf /x]sf] k;]{nLe"ld jL/u+h g]kfn /fHosf] ljljw cfwf/ /x]sf] dxfgu/ dflgG5 . uf}tdsf] ;h{s JolQmTjnfO{ ax';+Vos lrGtsn] cf–cfˆgf] ljz]iftfwdL{ b[li6n] lgofNb} cfPsf] l:ylt 5 . y'k|} dgf]j]Qfsf lk|o /x]sf]n] lognfO{ ;kmn dfq ls dTy/ ;kmn eGg'sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g . logsf] ;kmn n]vsLo JolQmTj / lg/Gt/ l;h{gfn] cfkm}+ To;nfO{ ;':ki6 kf/]sf] l:ylt 5 . cfw'lgs g]kfnL ;flxTodf b]jsf]6f, ;d, kf}8]n, l3ld/], Jolyt, l;l4r/0f >]i7, ltjf/L, lji6, leIf', uf]ljGb uf]7fn], /d]z ljsn, ljZj]Zj/ k|= sf]O/fnf, OGb| axfb'/ /fO{, em}+ cGtaf{Xo b[li6n] w'|jrGb| uf}tdn] g]kfnleq / aflx/sf nfvf}+ kf7ssf] Å[bo lhTg ;s]sf] b]lvG5 . uf}tdLo cg'ejGof;df ljzfn g]kfnsf] ljrf/0fLo ;j]{If0f km]nf kb{5 . gd"gf ;j]{If0f -;]Dkn ;j]{_ sf b[li6n] b'O{ gDa/ k|b]zsf] k;f{ lhNnfsf] efje"ldsf] cg]stf s[ltdf kfOG5 . ToxfF bfz{lgs kf7sn] ;Dk"0f{ g]kfn /fHosf] ljsf;f]Gd'v aLhf0f' kfpg ;S5g\ . uf}tdLo ;[hgwld{tfnfO{ lg¿k0f ubf{ y'k|} s'/fsf] x]Ssf /fVg' kg]{ x'G5 . To;df ;Ldf+rlns k|;+u / ax'ntfsf] ljz]iftf ljZn]if0fLo /xg] u/]sf] 5 . ljZj Oltxf;df dxfTdf ufGwL / lk|G; qmf]kf]6f]lsg h:tf sltko dxfk'?ifn] c/fhstfjfbL b[li6n] /fHoLo / ax'/fHoLo kl/j]znfO{ Pstfsf ;"Idfjnf]sg u/]sf x'g\ . ;fdfGotM uf}tdn] cJojl:yt /fHo k|0ffnLnfO{ dgk/fPsf] e]l6b}+g . sf/0f e"–/fhg}lts :j¿kn] ubf{ logL ;+j]bgzLn /fi6«sf gful/s x'g\ . j:t'tM logn] ljZj]Zj/ k|= sf]O/fnf, u0f]zdfg l;+x / dbgdl0f bLlIft k|e[ltn] kl/slNkt ;a}hgf c6fpg] km/flsnf] / pbf/ nf]stf+lGqs u0ftGqnfO{ dg k/fPsf] kfOG5 . t;y{ /fHo k|0ffnLsf] c:tJo:ttfnfO{ lrq0f ub}{ jL/u+h nufot cGo ;+a4 :ynsf] d"n efjgfnfO{ uf}tdn] :kz{ / ljj]rgf u/]sf] e]l6G5 . cg'ejGof;sf ¿kdf k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 61


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af9L, 3'dL{ / j+rs kZrft\ ‘Ps cfgfsf] hdfgfÚ uf}tdsf] rf}yf] s[lt xf] . +;+jt @))) sf] k'; @ ut] lalxjf/ a]n'sL &=#% df jL/u+hsf] ;LdfjtL{ If]qdf hGd]sf w'|j -r]trGb|_ sf] &%–&^ cf}+ cd[t hGdf]T;j -Kn]l6gd h'anL_ sf ;'cj;/df of] s[lt k|sflzt ePsf] xf] . o; s[ltsf k|sfzs ljlkg zdf{n] d'Vo kfqsf ef]ufOleqsf 5f]6fdL7f k|;+ux¿ rnlrqsf …6]«n/Ú h;/L cfO/xG5g\ / Pp6f gl;l4 csf]{ kl/b[Zo z'ef/De x'g] j:t'tYo ;"lrt u/]sf 5g\ . yf]/} zAbdf uxg efj ;+jxg ug'{ o;sf] k|yd ljz]iftf xf] . clquf]qL bLkuf]ljGb bDktLsf sfFlxnf k'qsf ¿kdf w'|jn] ;+jt @))) df ;Ldf;"rs kl/j]zdf cfFvf vf]n]sf x'g\ . dxfgu/f]Gd'v jL/u+hsf] ljtf{ ahf/df uf}tdn] k|f}9fj:yfdf Pslbg Pscfgfsf] ljb]zL d'b|f e]§fpF5g\ . To;}nfO{ dxQf lbP/ ;ft bzs jl/kl/b]lv ;fwgf/t cfVofgj]Qfn] rf}yf] cg'ejGof; tof/ kf/]sf x'g\ . cgf}krfl/s n]vgsf] dfWodn] s[ltsf/n] /fHonfO{ ;'Jojl:yt t'Nofpg gful/s hLjgsf] ljljwf+uL dxTj a9fpg] s[lt n]v]sf]n] To;sf] cfˆg} df}lnstf ;'/lIft 5 . c/fhs Joj:yfsf] cGTo kZrft\ s'g} klg /fHon] k4lt -l;i6d_ sf] ;'k|zf;g / ;'Joj:yfkgnfO{ /f]h]sf] x'G5 . o;/L lgofNbf k"j{jtL{ dxfk'?ifsf ljåtf eGbf ;dsfnLg jt{dfgsf] oyfy{sf] hfgsf/L cfjZos 7xb{5 . …Ps cfgfsf] hdfgf -;+jt\ @)&$_Ú n] g]kfnsf] ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ft+q / ;dfj]zL ax'bnLo k4ltnfO{ ;'b[9 kfg]{ s[ltsf ¿kdf cfkm"nfO{ pEofpg ;s]s]f xfdL kfpF5f}+ . )!–%@)@*^^ à jL/u+h÷xfnM dxfnIdL gu/, nlntk'/ -g]kfn_

62 ÷ /rgf

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


gla;]{sf ;Demgf

gf}nf] cg'/fu, gLnf] d"R5{gf dfwj sfˆn]

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v'zLn] lglD7P/ To;lbg d cln a];L g} xf}l;Psf] klg lyPF . sNsnfpFbf] cfzfsf] cfnf] t'Og b]vfP/ olt ;'vb ;fGTjgf hLjge/ slxNo} ef]Ug t k/} hfcf];\ st} ;'F£g ;d]t gkfPsf] x'gfn] klg v'zLn] d]/f v'6\6f e'OFdf g} cl8g vf]h]sf lyPgg\ . sf7df08f}+ gu/kflnsfdf sfo{/t efO dx]z sfˆn]n] lstfj pkxf/ lbgsf nflu e]6\g vf]Hbf k|To'Q/df Pslbg kmf]gaf6 eg]sf lyP– …bfh' pkxf/sf] ;f6f] cln lgs} yfg lstfj af]s]/ cfpg' xf];\ g otf Û s]xL k|lt d cfˆgf ;fyLx¿nfO{ eg]/ las|L klg ul/ lbpFnf / s]xL k|lt dxfgu/kflnsfsf] eTs]/ nyflnª\u x'g k'u]sf] eP klg lgdf{0ffwLg k':tsfno 5 ToxfF lsGg nufpFnf Û o;f] eof] eg] tkfOFsf] nufgL gp7] klg s]xL /fxt rflx+ cjZo x'g]5 . csf]{ lstfj k|sflzt ug{ klg t ;lhnf] x'G5 lg x}g / <Ú lghL nufgLdf k':ts k|sfzg u/]/ k|sfzg vr{ p7fpg g;Sg'sf] c3f]/L kL8fdf lkN;+b} lx+8\g' kg]{ lgoltaf6 d klg c5'tf] /xg ;s]sf] lyOgF . cfly{s ¿kn] ;DkGg n]vsx¿nfO{ t vf;} km/s kb}{g xf]nf t/ dh:tf] lgDg j]tgwf/L cw{ ;'s'Daf;L xGa]g'{nfO{ lgs} g} ultnf] cf3ft kg{ hfg] /x]5 . To;af6 tª\lu|P/ o;f] cfFvf p3f/]/ cln k/;Dd x]g{ vf]Hg' t k/} hfcf];\ kfl/jfl/s pk]Iff / lt/:sf/n] lyr]/ 6fpsf] p7fpg klg g;lsg] /x]5 . pgL dxfgu/kflnsfsf] ;fdfGo sd{rf/L geP/ cln jhg ePsf] vfOnfUbf ljefusf tfn'sbf/ lyP . cfˆgf] ;fdYo{, zlQm / ;f];{ ;DaGw x'g] w]/} n]vsx¿sf k':tsx¿ j]nfj]nfdf v/Lb ul/lbP/ gu/kflnsfn] cfˆgf] pbf/ 5lj ljutdf k|s6 ul/ cfPsf] s'/f ck|fdfl0fs ¿kdf Go'/f]8sf] kLkn af]6d'lg rf}tf/f]df s'g} lbg d}n] klg 5\of:;\ ;'g]sf] lyPF . k|s6df s;};+u s]xL geg] klg / ToxfF;Dd k'u]/ cfGtl/s lkm/fb hfx]/ ug{] Xofp b]vfpg g;s] klg Tof] df]x Toflu;s]sf] eg] lyOgF . s]xL cfzfsf skfnL sNkgfx¿ j]nfj]nfdf leqleq} 6';fpFy], leqleq} rfpl/Gy], cf]OnfpFy] / cGTotM cGtn{od} w"ldnw";/ x'g k'lu/x]sf lyP . To; ;+j]B qf6s 38LnfO{ k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 63


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cfˆgf] cwa];|f] l:yltsf] sf?l0fs sdhf]/L 7fgL ljiffbsf] nfdf] lgZjf; 5f]8]/ l3l;|/x]sf] lyPF . pgsf] cfZjf;gsf] u'lnof] df]xn] ubf{ kmf]g g} gu/L Ps emf]nf lstfj vsg nufP/ r'OFSofpFb} ;Lw} afu b/jf/lt/ xflgPF . dWofGgsf] j]nf lyof] . 6G6nfk'/ 3fd lgbf]{if tfn'dfly ah|]/ k"/f z/L/nfO{ g} /gSs kfg{ cfˆgf] ;j} vfn] ;fdYo{ p/fn]/ /gSs eO/x]sf] lyof] . s~r6af6 j]ujfg ultdf vNvnL pn{+b} uPsf k;Lgfsf wf/f lgsf; vf]Hg sk8f l5rf]n]/ aflx/ lrofpFb} uO/x]sf lyP . ;txL pi0ftfn] ;j{q 5f]k]/ lvofg{ vf]h] klg To;sf] c;/ s]xL klg geP em}+ u/L d cfˆg} j}/fuL w'gdf cjw"tem}+ dxfgu/sf] lgbf]{if 5ftLdfly Psf]xf]/f] n]km\6, /fO6 u/l//x]sf] lyPF . e'OFrfnf]sf] cfnf] sf/0f / s[kfn] ubf{ pgL ;fljssf] k'/fgf] dxn x7ft\ TofuL To;sf] klZrdtkm{ uuge]bL eP/ 7l8O/x]sf] chªsf] 3/sf] a'OFundf lem6L em\ofD6f la;fpFb} b}lgs sfo{kf/fo0f ug]{ n3' cEof;df nLg x'g k'u]sf lyP . pgL uy]{ s] / ug'{ kg]{ sfo{ s:tf] vfn] x'GYof] To;sf] 5]p, 6'Kkf] dnfO{ s]xL yfxf lyPg . d}n] slxNo} ;f]lwg . pgn] klg eg]sf lyPgg\ . km]l/ d]/f] rf;f]sf] ljifo leq klg kb}{gy] To:tf s'/f . s;}sf] kf]i6, cfly{s :t/, hfoh]yfsf] km]xl/:t cflb s'/fdf d]/f] vf;} rf;f] lyPg . / ToxfF cfsif{0fsf s'g} ;hLj tTj b]Vg g;s]sf] x'gfn] klg To:tf /fhzL ljifoaf6 k|fozM cfkm" cnUu} a:g ?rfpFy]+ . e]6 ePtfsf pgL zfnLg zAb ljGof;df cg'jfb x'Fb} lgs} dL7f], dl;gf] / :jflbnf] efsfdf af]Ny] . cTolws cfb/ ub}{ lrof, rd]gf Vjfpg cft'/ x'Gy] . j0f{gftLt >4f ub}{ labf uy]{ . gftf, x}l;ot, kfl/jfl/s l:ylt Psflt/ lyof] eg] pgL / d]/f] aLr ljsl;t x'Fb} cfPsf] lgisnª\s cfGtl/s cg'/fu csf]{lt/ lyof] . d]/f]nflu oxL s'/f g} kof{Kttfsf] kof{o alg lbGYof] / pQ/f]Q/ k|ultsf] ztt\ sfdgf ub}{ kms{+Gy]+ . pgL;+u lng' kg]{ s'/f klg s]xL lyPg / lbPsf] klg s]xL xf]Og . ;DaGw uf9f / ulx/f] eP klg e]63f6 eg] kftnf] / lgs} b'a{n x'Fb} uPsf] lyof] . olQsf] e/df pgn] ub}{ cfPsf] k|ultsf] cfsng ug]{ s'/f klg ePg . e]6 ePtfsf ;8snfO{ lsgf/fdf ;f5L /fv]/ Psd'7L w'jfF d]/f] lgbf]{if cg'xf/ cufl8 km'/{/ p8fpFb} lx+8]sf] b]Vtf rfgr'g] sfF6sf dflg; xf]Og /x]5g\ Sof/ eGg] nf6f] cg'dfg nufpFb} cfPsf] lyPF . oyfy{ s:tf] lyof] To;af6 d j]va/ lyPF . dfq olQ ;f]Ry]+ pgn] cfˆgf] zfnLg JolQmTj Jojxf/sf] ann] dfq geP/ cf]xbfsf] sf/0fn] klg lgdf{0f ul//x]sf 5g\ . To;sf] k|efj eg] ddf afSn} kb}{ cfO/x]sf] lyof] . 64 ÷ /rgf

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


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uf]6f kfFr]s e¥ofªsf] 8F8fNg' l5rn]kl5 aNn pgsf] sfo{ sIfsf] d"n9f]sf b]lvof] . cg'nf]d, ljnf]dsf] cf/f]lxt lkrdf 6]s]/ pRr lggfbsf;fy ;ª\uLtsf] k~rd :j/ p/fNb} ultzLn x'Fb} uO/x]sf] Zjf;, k|Zjf; k|s[ofnfO{ x7ft\ /f]s]/ k'n'Ss Ps gh/ pgsf] sfo{sIflt/ x]/]+ . To; sIfsf] pgL ;]gfklt . cfcfˆgf cfpF8], afpF8] sfd kmQ] ug{ Psflaxfg}b]lv 9f]sf 9's]/ cg]s y/Lsf dflg; klg :jl:t, hbf} ug{ cfPsf x'gg\ . PSsfl; em\jf:; Tolt 7"nf] s'Dnf] af]s]/ hfFbf pgnfO{ cK7\of/f] knf{ eGg] ;ª\sf]r nfu]/ cfPsf] x'gfn] n';'Ss h:sf]nf]af6 n'Q leq l5/]+ . / vfnL s';L{df yrSs a;]+ . s]xL ;dokl5 pgsf] xNsf/f aflx/ cfof] . d}n] cfˆgf] pkl:yltsf] hfx]/L laGtL u/]+ . pgn] v;|f] efsfdf pk]Iff k"j{s pgsf tfn'sbf/ gcfPsf] cf]7] hjfkm lbPkl5 d vª\u|ª\u x'g k'u]+ . pkfo klg s]xL lyPg . ;fgf] lah'nLsf] rf]O6f] uf]hLaf6 lgsfNb} ;Dks{+ u/]+ . czQm la/fdLn] 3fF6Laf6 cfjfh lgsfn]h:t} Vof/{Vof/{sf] :j/df Wjlg n6\kl6P/ c:ki6 x'Fb} uPsf] ePtf klg pgn] k|To'Q/df ef/tsf] k|wfg dGqL tTsfn} g]kfn e|d0fdf cfpFb} u/]sf] x'gfn] pgsf] :jfutfy{ 6'6], km'6]/ sf]lq+b, rf]Ol6+b} u/]sf af6f, 3f6fx¿ 6fn6'n, lnkkf]t ug{ uPsf] x'gfn] cfkm" To;lbg sfof{no cfpg c;dy{ ePsf] Joxf]/f ljiffbk"j{s k|s6 u/]sf] efsf eg] :ki6 ;'g]+ . To; cwa];|f] k|jfxn] dnfO{ ljiffbsf] ef;df lylNynf] x'g] u/L 8'afpFb} nu]sf] x'gfn] lvl;|Ss k/]+ . slt pNnl;t ;kgf af]s]/ r'O{+ls+b} k'u]sf] lyPF . ;j} vfn] ;kgfx¿ pgsf] k|To'Q/n] Ps}If0fdf etfe'ª\u x'g k'u] . Ps lsl;dsf] tDtDofOnf] P]+7g dgel/ x'F8lng yfNof] . pgn] t lstfj ToxL+ 5f]8]/ hfg cg'go klg u/]sf lyP . pgsf] /f]xj/ ljgf of] sfo{ dnfO{ Tolt pko'Qm nfUg ;s]g . s'g}tfsf d}n] efO ef/bf/x¿sf] sfo{sIfdf s;}n] cfzfjfg eP/ 5f]8]sf lstfjsf] xl/lahf]s b]v]sf] lyPF . l;Q} kfP cnsqf ;d]t rf6\g kl5 gx6\g] cfd k|j[lQ;Fu w]/yf]/ kl/lrt lyPF . nf]e nfu]/ cfof] . olt 7"nf] Tofu ug{;Sg] cfF6 d}n] ug}{ ;lsgF . lstfj;Fu cfly{s ;DaGw dfq} geP/ cGtZr]tgfdf nTklt+b} cfPsf] efjgfTds nufj klg lyof] . cnaNo ;Dklt eP/ k|sflzt ul/Psf] j:t' lyPg Tof] . cf]7sf] xfF;f], kl/jf/sf] v'zL, ;Gtltsf] /x/, d'vsf] ufF; df];]/ ul/Psf] lnv] nufgL lyof] . l;Q} afF8\b} lx+8] klg kl/lrtnfO{ afF8\g kfPdf p;n] kl9lbG5 eGg] clnslt ;Gt'li6 x'g] ynf] df}nfPsf] lyof] 5ftLdf . ToxfF cnkq 5f]8\bf oL ;j} s'/f tk;Lndf t'Gb'|ª\u em'l08g k'Uy] . ux|f}+ dg / af]lemnf] dfgl;stf af]s]/ ToxL ult, ToxL no / ToxL k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 65


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d"R5{gfsf] wªwªL af]s]/ cf]/fnf] nfu]+ . d"n ;8sdf cfPF . hfg] 7fpFsf] 7]ufg gePsf] x'gfn] cndNndf kb}{ otfptf kNofs, k'n's x]/]+ . 3fd cfˆgf] /f}b| ¿k wf/0f u/L dnfO{ cTofpg emg cft'/ eP/ l;+uf}/L v]Ng xf]SsfF u/]em}+ u/L cfˆgf] cv8fdf sDd/ s;]/ c3f]/L tfnn] pleO/x]sf] lyof] . o;f] lgwf/dfly xTs]nfsf] kfnL ufF;]/ lklnSs cfsfzlt/ x]/]+ . Jof]d d08n lgj{:q gbL em}+ lIflth;Dd na:t/f] eP/ tlGs/x]sf] lyof] . d]3dfnfsf] st} cQf]kQf] lyPg . ;bfjxf/ jfo' ;d]t 7'l:;P/ st} s'r'ls{g k'u]sf] tDtDofOnf] cfef; ePkl5 nf];] tfnn] k"j{tkm{ kmls{+b} k~rdLsf kfOnf rfNb} zxLb u]6lt/ nfu]+ . Psl5g To;}sf] k]6Ldf l7ª\u pleP/ kNofs k'n's jl/kl/ x]/]+ . ;x;| ;jf/L ;fwgx¿sf] tfFtL w'jfFhlt d]/f] cg'xf/df kf]t]/ cfcfˆgf] uGtJodf k'Ug] ls6fgL lkm/fb ub}{ cufl8 al9/x]sf lyP . pgLx¿sf] Psf+sL cfdGq0f :jLsf/ u/L cufl8 kfOnf rfNg] s'g} OR5f lgsfNg klg ;lsgF . hfg] 7fpF klg st} lyPg . dWofGgsf] ;do . af;df kms{g klg dg nfu]g . cfkm"n] lrg]sf dfG5] klg To;e]udf st} s'g} lyPgg\ . cndNn k/]/ cSdlSs/x]sf] j]nfdf PSsfl; sdnkf]v/L l:yt c3f]/L cf>d lgjf;L Pshgf cf/fWo cu|h emNofF:; :d[ltdf pbfpg' eof] . ljut lgs} nfdf] ;dob]lv cfkt k/]sf] ;+j]B 38Ldf / c8\sf] k8\ sf] kbf{ hlxn] klg lz/df ceosf] cfzLjf{b ;lxt ;fGTjgf lbO y'Dy'DofpFb} cfpg' ePsf ;'vb knx¿ :d[ltdf em'lQ v]n]/ cfpgf;fy Tof] eGbf pko'Qm :yfg cGo gnfu]sf] x'gfn] ljgf k|of]hg / sf/0f g} g;dfO ;/f;/ sdn kf]v/Llt/ xflgPF . pxfF 3/df g} x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . ljgf cf}krfl/stf, ljgf 5n sk6 gdg clejfbg u/]+ . k|To'Q/df :jfefljs lsl;dn] lªlrSs xfF:t} :jfut ug'{ eof] . ef]s t nfu]sf] lyPg . lrof, rd]gf vfg] ;do klg ePsf] xf]Og / klg cfltYo ;Tsf/ u/]/ e/k]6 /fh;L Jo~hgåf/f t[Kt kfl/lbg' eof] . ;bf em}+ ukm u¥of}+ . cfcfˆgf /rgf ;'Gof}+, ;'gfof}+ . pxfFnfO{ e]6\g zflGt ;fksf]6f klg cfpg' ePsf] /x]5 . pxfF 5Gbdf /fd|f] cEof; ub}{ cfpg' ePsf] s'/f ;do, ;dodf km];a'sdf k|sflzt pxfFsf ;'Gb/ sljtf k9]/ yfxf kfPsf] lyPF . e]6 eg] ePsf] lyPg . klxnf] e]6df g} lgs} k|efj kfg'{ eof] pxfFn] . gj k|sflzt ;+u|x emf]nfaf6 lems]/ Ps, Ps k|lt ck{0f u/]+ . pxfFsL cwf{ª\lugLn] kl/rosf] z'¿jftL lbgb]lv g} ckgTjsf] cyfx kf}n vGofP/ k'qjt\ ¿kdf :g]x ub}{ cfpg' ePsf] x'gfn] cfˆg} cfdfsf] j]bfu cg'xf/sf] s~rg k|ltljDa pxfFsf] cg'xf/df b]Vt} cfPsf] lyPF . To;sf/0f 66 ÷ /rgf

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klg pxfF ;fd' kgf{ ;fy cfdfsf] hlQs} >4f p/fn]/ ;Ddfg clejfbg ug]{ ub{5' . cfdfs} ;dt'No bhf{ lbbLsf] ePsf] x'gfn] ;Daf]wg rflxF cfdf eGg g;s]/ lbbL eGb} cfPsf] 5' . pxfFn] d]/f] klxnf] ;+u|x cfBf]kfGt kl9;Sg' ePsf] / To;df pNn]lvt cfkm"nfO{ dg k/]sf k|;ª\ux¿ lgaf{w, lg;ª\ sf]r egL lbg' x'Fbf d]/f] ;fgf] s'lrPsf] l;na/sf] srf}/f]h:tf] 5ftL xif{n] PSsfl; km'n]/ gfª\nf] hqf] x'g k'Ub} cfPsf] lyof] . l;h{gfTds cEof; gu/] klg lzlIft, hfu¿s / af}l4s dflg; pxfF . ;flxTosf] bx|f] cWo]tf . k':ts ck{0f u/]sf] b]Vgf;fy v'zLn] km'?ª\u kb}{ t'?Gt k9]/ k|ltls|of JoQm ug]{ k|lta4tf k|s6 ug'{ x'Fbf cfˆgf] p2]Zo To;} If0f k"/f ePsf] ;3g cg'e"ltn] 5kSs 5f]Kt} nUof] . ;j} ljiffbsf cldnf x/sx¿ la;]{/ km'?ª\u k/]+ . lgs} nfdf] ;+jftf{kl5 zflGt ;fksf]6f labf x'g' eof] . ;do lgs} lalt;s]sf] x'gfn] cgfjZos £ofFSnf hf]t]/ al;/xg plrt nfu]g . ljgd|tfsf;fy labf dfUb} emf]nf l6k]/ ;F3f/ sf6\g vf]Hbf gvf]Hb} pxfFn] Psl5g x} Û eg]/ /f]Sg' eof] . cl3kl5 pxfF hlxn] klg lx+8\g vf]Hbf tkfOFsf] k':tsfnosf] nflu pkxf/ eGb} cFufnfel/ lstfj lbP/ labf ug'{x'GYof] . lstfj eg]kl5 nf]en] l;ltldlt 5f]8\g dgg} gnfUg] x'gfn] ef/Lsf] af]em kof{Kt eP klg nf]t] sfg nufpFb} l7ª\u b}nf] 5]pg} pleO /x]+ . Psl5gkl5 pxfF cfpg' eof] . t/ vfln . ;bfem}+ pxfFsf] xftdf s'g} lstfj lyPgg\ . bflxg] xft d'7Lkfg'{ ePsf] lyof] . b]a|] xftn] d]/f] s'd ;dfTb} Ps gh/ k'n'Ss x]g'{ eof] . lv:; xfF:g' eof] / d'7L leqsf] s'g} cb[Zo j:t' d]/f] aunLdf 3';f/]/ afa'n] k/b]z hfg yfn]sf] 5f]/fnfO{ u/]h:t} ddTjsf] cyfx kf}n vGofP/ ufnfdf Kof6\6 lxsf{P/ ænf} t afa' /fd|f];Fu uP;\ x}Æ eg]em}+ u/L 6fpsf] d';fb}{ kmls{g' ePkl5 d cls~rg efj ljef]/ eP/ h8jt\ ToxL+ v8f eO /x]+ . æjfx Û slt lgZ5n dfof Û slt cufw ckgTj ÛÛ slt zfnLg ;f}hGotf ÛÛÛÆ gftf geP klg x'g]x¿sf] eGbf a];L xflb{stf / ;f}hGotfsf] ckl/d]o aGwg . :g]x / lgs6tfsf] cgdf]n kl/lw . aunLdf 3';fl/Psf] j:t'l;t kl/lrt geP klg To;sf] df]xgL x/sn] dgnfO{ xNnfP/ dnfO{ n7\ofO ;s]sf] lyof] . To;sf] cfjZostf jf]w eP klg ;ª\sf]rn] eg] u|x0f ug{ dg wd{/ x'Fb} uO/x]sf] lyof] . Ps k6s x}g, b'O{ k6s x}g k6sf}+ k6s pxfFn] o;/L ljgf k"jf{u|x uf]hLdf s]xL xflnlbFb} cfpg' x'GYof] . d nfh krfP/ na:t/f]h:tf] x'Fb} na{l/P kms{g k'Uy]+ . o;n] ubf{ pxfF ;fd' kbf{ s[t1tfn] p7fpg g} g;Sg] u/L 6fpsf] d]/f] em'St} uO/x]sf] lyof] . nlq+b} hfg yfNg] nf]t] 6fpsf]nfO{ ;fx; / ljgd|tfsf] k"0ff{Í – !^!

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6]sf]n] h]gt]g 78\ofpFb} rf]rf]df]rf] ldnfP/ o;f] ;Djfb u/L 6f]kNy]+ . a;\ TolQ xf] . ToxfF eGbf a];L pn]{/ pxfFsf ;fd' s]xL eGg] cfF6 g} cfpFb}gYof] . ug{ klg ;St}gy]+ . d ljz]iftM pxfFsf] cfjf;df s]xL kfpg] cfzfn] eGbf klg >4fdo lgs6tfsf] nf]e / ckgTjjf]w af]s]/ hfg] ub{y]+ . kL/, Joyf / u'gf;fx¿ la;fpg] e/kbf]{ rf}tf/f] lyof] Tof] . v'zL, /x/ / pdª\u ;f6\g ;Sg] ljZjfl;nf] 5xf/L lyof] Tof] . cfgGb, cfTdt[lKt / ;Gt'li6 hufpg ;Sg] cl8nf] cf8 lyof] Tof] . lt;{gf/lxt cfTd;Gtf]if / v'zLsf s]xL ?dfgL knx¿ ;xhtfsf ;fy laTg] x'gfn] klg Psl5g ;':tfpgsf nflu, clnslt >4f / clnslt cfb/ ck{0f ug{ dg nfu]kl5 cfˆg} cg'/fudf afFs6] xfGb} uO/x]sf c:jfefljs knx¿nfO{ x7ft\ Tofu]/ Totf df]l8g k'Uy]+ . t/ o; k6s eg] cK7\of/f] / ;ª\sf]rn] ubf{ pxfFsf] sldhsf] km]/ ;dfpFb} lgGofp/f] d'v nufP/ o;f] gu/L lbg' x'g s/hf]8L laGtL u/]+ . d s'g} kmnbfoL cfly{s cg'bfg eGbf klg jfT;Noo'Qm :g]x lg/Gt/ kfpg rfxGy]+ . pxfFaf6 kfO cfPsf] dfof cljlR5Gg /xL /xf];\ eGg] rfxGy]+ . s'g} 5n, sk6 / k|k~r ljgf cfk;L d]n, ;b\efj / ;bfzotfsf] cv08Hof]lt hLjgko{Gt o;} u/L hfHjNodfg eO/xf];\ eGg] rfxGy]+ . b'lgofF lgs} :jfyL{ / dxTTjfsfª\IfL x'Fb} cfPsf] / hf] sf]xL klg s]xL g s]xL kfpgsf nflu dfq cfˆgf sfo{ Jofkf/nfO{ ehfP/ Ps cfk;df cfTdLotf ufF:g yfn]sf] gf}6ª\ sL ;[hgf ub}{ cfPsf] b[Zosf] sfnf] 5fofn] slxNo} klg xfd|f] ckgTjjf]wL lgisnª\s of] ofqfv08nfO{ g5f]kf];\, glk/nf];\, bkm{¥ofpg g;sf];\ eGg] ceLK;fdf a]l/P/ cg'go u/]+ . cxF, pxfFn] dfGb} dfGg' ePg . c3f]/L tfnn] Psf]xf]/f] hª\u]n] af]n]kl5 af]Nof], af]Nof]sf] kf/fdf h8jt\ x'g k'Ug' eof] . bf]dgdf x'F8lnFb} cf]/fnf] nfu]+ . tn cf]n]{/ o;f] ug]sf] t em08} kRrL; yfg k':ts a/fa/sf] d"No /x]5 . k':ts a]r]/ k};f sdfpg] d]/f] s'g} df}lns pTs07f lyPg . dfq k|sfzg vr{ p7] xljiofGg;Fu l;+uf}/L v]Ng' kg]{ lyPg eGg] ;f]r lyof] . k':ts a]r]/ k};f sdfO xfn]+ eg] klg olt 7"nf] ;fgGbk"0f{ v'zL slxNo} x'g] 5}g . k|fof]lht lsl;dn] ul/g] Joj;fodf dflg;n] s]jn k};f t sdfpF 5 t/ olt ;ª\nf] / lgZ5n v'zL eg] lsdfy{ kfpg ;Sg] 5}g eGg] nfu]kl5 lstfj a]r/ lx+8\g] nf]e r6Ss ToflulbPF . / afFsL a;]sf lstfj afF8]/} ;s]+ . madhavkafle8@gmail.com

68 ÷ /rgf

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/rgf ÷ 69


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jtf{ clwsf/ kfPsf] b]lvG5 t/ hGdb} b]lv xf]Og–kl5 l;s]/, bª\un vfP/ dfq} . dg'ion] k9\g], l;Sg] sfd u/]g eg] Tof] kz'eGbf klg vQd uPsf] aGb5–o;df ;Gb]x} 5}g . o;sf/0f dg'ionfO{ ;fFrf] dflg; aGgfsf lglDt ;s];Dd ;lhnf ;fwgx¿sf] cfjZostf 5 . of] cfjZostfnfO{ /fd|/L a'em]sf kIfdf aL;f}+ ztfAbLsf] dg'io ;dfhnfO{ ;flxlTos kq klqsfsf] h¿/L klg ;xh} j'em\g ;lsG5 . o:tf] pkof]uL ;fwgsf] cfJxfg u/]/ g]kfnL dfqsf dfydf cd[tsf] jiff{ ug{] >L # dxf/fh k|e' h'4 zDz]/sf] g]kfnL ;flxTo cfhLjg C0fL /xg]5 . of] xif{ ub\ub\sf ;dodf xfdLx¿ o;b]lv atf{ s] egf} . >L # k|e'sf cfJffxgn] pkf;gfn] æzf/bfÚÚ sf] cjtf/ eof] . cj lognfO{ l;+uf/]/ kf7–k"hf u/L nfe p7fpg] sfd xfdL g]kfnL dfqsf] xf] . xfdL g]kfnL dfqn] s]jn Pp6f r'/f]6sf] vr{ k|ltlbg dftfsf r/0fdf km\ ofFlslbof}+ eg] klg dftfsf k"hf cfhfsf] u'7L rNg ;Qm5 . æg]kfnL g} x'FÚÚ eGg] ;fFrf] cleofg ePsfn] of] pkf;gfdf gLr dfnf{g\ eGg] xfdLx¿nfO{ nfu]sf] klg 5}g . ho >L # k|e'sf], ho >L h'4sf] ho jL0ff aHbf æzf/bfÚÚsf] ahf];\ lgTo oxL ho .ÚÚ ;DkfbsLos} l;nl;nfdf wGojfb klg o;/L 1fkg ul/Psf] 5M– æof] klqsfsf] >L u0f]zfogdM u/fpgfdf d'Vo pkf;s / ;xfos lzIff ljefusf 8fO/]S6/ hg/n >L d[u]Gb| zDz]/ hª\uaxfb'/ /f0ffaf6 ul/alS;Psf] ck"j{ s[kfsf lglDt klqsf cfhLjg ho dgfpg] 5 . o;sf] gfds/0f / ;dof]lrt pT;fx alS;Psf]df >L d]h/ hg/n ch{'g zDz]/ ha/fsf] klg zf/bfn] cfhLjg u'0fufg ug{]5 . o;sf] d'vk[i7sf] ;kl/>d lrqsf/L ul/aS;]sf] x'gfn] >L s=k= afns[i0f zDz]/ h=a=/f=nfO{ klg of] klqsf X[bob]lv wGojfb r9fpFb5 . o;sf k|sfzgdf d2t lbg] k|]dL u|fxs / n]vsx¿df klg of] klqsf s[t1tf k|s6 ub{5 . ÚÚ æzf/bfÚÚ klqsfsf] gfpF cg'¿k g} o;sf] d'vk[i7df afns[i0f ;dn] agfPsf] zf/bfs} t:jL/ 5 eg] leqL klxnf] k[i7df u0f]zsf b'O{ lrqx¿n] ;hfOPsf] 5 . To;}u/L ;f]xL k[i7sf] dfly zf/bf jGbgf 5M lgsfnL lj£gsf]hfn, kvfnL lrQsf] dn zf/b] b]p ;b\a'4L, a9fO{ b]xdf jn . o; klxnf] cª\sdf Zofd/fhfsf] æcfzLjf{bÚÚ, k+=rqmkf0fL rfln;]sf] æ:jfutÚÚ, OlGb/fb]jLsf] æ:qL/TgÚÚ, n]vgfy kf}8\ofnsf] æc?0ff]boÚÚ, emk6 axfb'/ /f0ffsf] æO{z ljgoÚÚ, dxfslj b]jsf]6fsf] æu/LaÚÚ, l;l4r/0fsf] æh'g]nL /ftdf lgem{/ÚÚ, lj/xLsf]æcljlbtÚÚ sljtf k|sflzt 5g\ . o; lx;fjn] 70 ÷ /rgf

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;'dlt b'Mvsf] kl5lNt/ n's]sf] ;'v, ;fdflhs Ps;]Ps al9of pkb]z, of}jgsf] a]xf];L sbdsf] kmn lxGb' gf/Lsf] cfbz{,kljq hLjg k|jfx cflb o; lstfjdf /fd|/L lv+lrPsf 5g\ . ?jfO{ / xF;fO{n] el/Psf] of] lstfj k|To]s hgfn] x]g{' v"j cfjZos 5 . d"No ? !.@% ¿kdlt g]kfnL ;dfhsf] emem{/fpFbf] lrq, hLjgdf pTyfg / ktgsf] /f]rs pbfx/0f, g]kfnL efiff / n]vg z}nLsf] cfbz{ OToflb u'0f Ps} 7fpFdf x]g{' 5 eg] ¿kdltnfO{ ;Demg'xj;\ . ¿kdltsf] ljb\jfgx¿n] d'Qms07n] k|z+;f u/]sf 5g\ . ¿kdlt g]kfnL pkGof;df ;jf{]Qd df}lns pkGof; xf] . ¿kdltsf] bfd yf]/} 5, 5kfO{ /fd|f] 5 . ?kdltdf kljq rl/qsf] /f]rs lrq0f x'gfn] cfjfn j[4 jlgtfsf lglDt v"j pkof]uL 5 . ¿kdlt ;'Gg] jf k9\g] u[x:yLdf :jf:gL dflg;x¿sf] emu8f x'Fb}g . ¿kdltsf] d"No s]jn df] ? !.– dfq 5 . ¿kdlt g]kfn, bfhL{lnª, sfzL cflbsf k':ts ljqm]tfx¿ sxfF htf;'s} kfOG5 . of] lj1fkgn] klg zf/bfsf] ;flxTo pTyfgsf] nflu k|ltj4tf b]vfpF5 .

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/rgf ÷ 79


…w"k5fofFÚ dxfsfJosf] ;d;fdlos ;Gbe{ 7fs'/ zdf{ e08f/L != ljifok|j]z

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lktf ef]nfgfy l;Ub]n dftf xs{dfof l;Ub]nsf ;'k'q k'?iff]Qd l;Ub]nsf] hGd lj=;+= !((( j}zfv !& k'mªlnª (, tfKn]h'ªdf ePsf] xf] . hLjg lzIf0fk]zfdf nufpg'ePsf l;Ub]nsf] 5 bzskl5sf] ;flxlTos pj{/ n]vgn] Pp6f a[xt\ cfofd lnPsf] cg'ej x'G5 . ;do–;dodf k'm6s/ sljtfn]vg b]lvP klg k|aGwut ¿kdf @)^#df l;Ub]n j+zfjnL k':tsfsf/sf] ¿kdf b]lvg cfof] . efjfg'jfbsf] ¿kdf @)^$df et[{xl/sf tLg zts -kBfg'jfb_ cfof] . oL n]vgsf k[i7e"ld dfq lyP . sfo{sf/0fn] sljTjzlSt k|an eP klg w]/} ;do To;} u'lD;P/ /x]sf] lyof] . s'g} sljtf;ª\u|x jf v08sfJodf gcNdlnP/ Ps}rf]l6 cfdf dxfsfJo @)^( ;fndf k|sfzgdf cfP/ k|:k'm6g eof] . ljljw 5Gbdf n]lvPsf] pSt dxfsfJodf cfdfk|ltsf] ;b\efj k"0f{¿kdf k|s6 ePsf] 5 . To;kl5 @)&@ ;fndf kl/qmdf v08sfJo cfof] . Tof] ofqfsfJo lyof], hf] g]kfn Pj+ ef/tjif{leq /x]sf s]xL tLy{e|d0fdf b]lvPsf cfˆgf cg'e"ltnfO{ o;df k|s6 ul/Psf] 5 eg] dxfslj b]jsf]6fnfO{ s]Gb|ljGb'df /fv]/ n]lvPsf] ;|i6fs]lGb|t sfJo tf;sGbdf dxfslj b]jsf]6f @)&$ ;fndf cfof] . uLtfb]jL l;Ub]nåf/f @)&% ;fndf k|sfzgdf cfPsf] jt{dfgsf] ;d;fdlos ljifoj:t'df cfwfl/t agfP/ n]lvPsf] cToGt dfld{s dxfsfJo w"k5fofF kf7s;dIf cfPsf] 5 . cfˆgf] lzIf0fk]zfdf /xFbf sfo{Jo:ttfn] n]vgdf afwf k'u]/ leq s'lD;P/ a;]sf] l;h{gzlQm jt{dfg bzsdf jf cfˆgf] hLjgsf] pQ/f4{df cfP/ 5tf5'Nn x'g yfn]sf] 5 lsgls kfFr jif{leq g} rf/rf/j6f sfJo÷dxfsfJo cfpg' eg]sf] ;fdfGo s'/f xf]Og . klxn]sf sfo{Jo:ttfn] n]vgdf afwf k'u] klg clxn] k'?iff]Qd l;Ub]n g]kfnL ;flxTosf] ;]jfdf lg/Gt/ nfUg'ePsf] of] k|df0f xf] . lzIffIf]qdf of]ubfg u/]jfkt\ @)#% ;fndf lzIff k'/:sf/af6 / kl5 ;flxTosf] ;]jf u/]jfkt l;Ub]n ;dGjo k|lti7fg, n]vgfy k':tsfno rGb|u9L, horGb| k|;fO{+ :d[lt ;flxTo ;]jf sf]if, ljtf{df]8, j;Gt–/fwf sfJo k'/:sf/, sf7df8f}F / dgf]x/f ;flxTo ;dfh sf7df8f}Faf6 ;Ddfg÷k'/:sf/ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . 80 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !^!


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…w"k5fofF dxfsfJo / sfJosf/ l;Ub]nsf] dxfsflJos k|flKtÚ zLif{ssf] cu|n]vdf ljåfg\ ;dfnf]rs k|f= /fh]Gb| ;'j]bLn] eGg'ePsf] 5 M k|:t't sfJo ;fdflhs ljifodf s]lGb|t sljpTkfB k|aGwsf] l:yltdf b]lvPsf] 5 . o;/L sfJosf] ljifo, lzNk / 5GbJoj:yfsf] cle;Gwfg snfsf ;|i6f tyf ;fws ag]sf l;Ub]nsf o; s[ltn] dxfsfJo ljwfgsf] lbzf cfTd;ft u/]sf] 5 .==== pbfQ ljrf/, pbfQ efj / pbfQ lrGtg tyf pbfQ ;Gb]zn] k"0f{ kBfTds ;+of]hg / hLjgsf] Ps ljifo tyf efj ;+j]bgfsf ;Gb]zx¿ dxfsfJo tÎjsf sf/s x'g\ eGg] ;Gbe{ cfh cfP/ :jLsf/ ug{ yflnPsf] 5 . -e"ldsfaf6_ o;} ;Gbe{df dxfsfJosf/ e'jgxl/ l;Ub]nsf] kBfTds egfO klg dggof]Uo cg'ej eof] . pxfF eGg'x'G5 M ha sfF; k'mn] 5 hLjg ÷ Wjlg dfw'o{ kbfjnL /ª ÷ josf] uhjf/ x'Gg lg ÷ w; x} nf} clj/fd n]vgL . -e"ldsfaf6_ dxfsfJosf/ k'?iff]Qd l;Ub]nsf] b[li6sf]0f dxfsfJosf] k|f/lDes /rgfue{sf] ;Gbe{df o:tf] /x]sf] 5 M s] of] xfd|f] d'n's cleefjsljgfsf] a]jfl/;] hª\un xf] < hxfFaf6 ;f]emf / bfdL gfdL ¿vx¿ t:s/n] 5fgL 5fgL /ftf]lbg nfg] u5{ / ?ª\g a;]sf] /f]Sgsf] ;f6f] v'? v'? af]Sg ;3fpF5 / vNtL hdfpF5, clg Tof] kf]sf] cGTodf pt} k'¥ofpF5 . xfdL wf]w|f, b/;'sf, afª\ufl6ª\uf aFr]sf v'On] hª\un e}mF n'tf, Nofª\u|f, sfgf–vf]/G8f, czSt j[4j[4f oxfF /xg afWo 5f}F===. oL tLgj6} egfOn] dxfsfJosf] b[li6sf]0f oyfy{ ¿kdf k|s6 x'G5 . b]zsf] j:t'l:yltnfO{ s;/L k|s6 ul/Psf] 5 . k9]n]v]sf, zf/Ll/s ¿kdf ;Ifd o'jfju{ b]z 5f8]/ aflxl/G5g\ . oxfF s'g} a:g] jftfj/0f 5}g . s]xL u¿F eg]/ nfu] klg zf]if0fafx]s :jtGq sfd ug{ ;Sb}gg\ eGg] oyfy{nfO{ syfj:t' agfP/ dxfsfJosf] k[i7e"ld tof/ ul/Psf] 5 . df6f]df d'6' 6fF;]/ vGofP kl;gf >d dxfg\ cfTdf ltg}nfO{ s[lt of] 5 ;dk{0f . eg]/ ;dk{0f ul/Psf] of] s[lt @)$ k[i7df /rgf ul/Psf] 5 . dw';"bg, /df d's'Gb / d's'Gbsf kTgLx¿ n7]a|L -g]kfnL_ / uf]/L -a]nfotL_ b'O{ 5f]/fx¿ -7"n] / ;fg]_sf] kl/jf/df s]lGb|t /x]sf] 5 . o;df cª\u|]hafj', /fd, ;fw'÷;fw'gL, ufpFn], a}+ssd{rf/L, 8fsf, k'ln;, slj, sljtf cflb b[Zofb[Zo ;xfos kfq jf rl/q /x]sf 5g\ . yf]/} kfq k|of]u ul/Psf] eP/ klg b]z÷ljb]zsf] cfoftgdf /x]/ ToxfFsf] oyfy{ l:yltnfO{ k|:t't ug{ ;Ifd ePsf] 5 dxfsfJo . o;df !* ;u{ /x]sf 5g\ . klxnf] ;u{sf] k|f/lDes Znf]s M cfpm P sljtf /fgL Û d]/f snddf a;÷ l;+xf;g /r]F zAb ToxLF /fh u/L a; . k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 81


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-k[i7 @!_af6 z'¿ eP/ dª\unfr/0f Pj+ ljifoj:t'sf] ;ª\s]t u/L sljtfnfO{ >f]tf agfP/ sljn] sfJo k|f/De ubf{ub}{ ;lsPsf] 5. bf];|f] ;u{af6 dxfsfJosf] d"n syfj:t'sf] :j¿k lj:t[t ¿kdf cfPsf] 5 . ;u{k|f/De o;/L x'G5 M hf]8L s'g} s[ifssf] To; 7fpF cfO{ a:Yof] u/L >d ;bf ;'vn] sdfO{ . emG8} pd]/ cwa}F; eof], lyPg ;Gtfgsf] /x/ k"0f{ ce}m ePg . -k[i7 @(_ o;/L k|f/De ePsf] sfJodf cg'i6'k\, j;Gtltnsf, dGbfqmfGtf, ;|Uw/f, pkhflt, zfb"{nljqmLl8t, OGb|ah|f, k|ldtfIf/f, clt?lr/f, dflngL cflb ljljw 5Gbx¿sf] k|of]u u/]/ s/La !@@% -;jf afx|zo_ Znf]sx¿ o; dxfsfJodf /x]sf 5g\ . @=dxfsfJosf] syfj:t' Pp6f ufpFdf dw';"bg / /df a:by] . w]/} ;do;Dd klg ;Gtfg gx'Fbf lrGtf ug{ yfn] . b]jL–b]jtfsf dlGb/df uP/ efsn u/]sf] / ufpFd} cf}iflw u/]kl5 5f]/f d's'Gb hlGdG5 . kl/jf/ / ;f/f ufpFn] /dfP/ 5}F6L -ifli6b]jL_ u5{g\ . d's'Gb kfFr jif{sf] ePkl5 :s"n k7fpg 6f9f ePsf] x'gfn] Ps jif{;Dd cfdfafa'n] kfn}kfnf] af]s]/ nfG5g\ . :s"ndf pm k9fOdf cAan eP/ lg:sG5 / ;a}sf] Kof/f] x'G5 . /fd|f] gtLhf;lxt P;=Pn=;L=pQL0f{ x'G5 . lzIfsju{ / ufpFn]sf] ;Nnfx cg';f/ w/fg vfB k|ljlwdf k9\g k7fOG5 . ToxfF klg pRrtd cª\s NofO{ pQL0f{ ePsfn] p;nfO{ ljb]zL Knfg cGtu{t ?;df k9\g k7fOG5 . k|ltefjfg\ d's'Gbn] ToxfF klg ;a}sf] lk|okfq x'g'sf ;fy} lzIf0f ;+:yfn] afa'cfdfnfO{ k|z+;f;lxt pRr ;Ddfg lbG5 . 3/ kms]{kl5 hflu/sf nflu bf}8w"k x'G5 t/ hflu/ gkfO{ htftt}af6 lg/fz eO{ ljlIfKth:tf] cj:yfdf cfk\mgf afa'sf ldq ljrf/Ln] d's'GbnfO{ cfk\mgL n7]k|L 5f]/L lax] u/] ljb]z k9\g ldnfOlbg] :jfy{k"0f{ if8\oGqn] 5f]/L le/fPkl5 pm;d]t pt} hfg kfpg] cfzfdf k9\g hfg] / n7]k|L :jLsfg{ tof/ x'G5 / a]nfotdf hfG5 . ToxfF d's'GbnfO{ hLjg wfGg sl7g x'G5 . ToxLFsf] Ps cª\u|]h kl/jf/;Fu -hf] ljZjo'4sf] j]nf ef/tdf sdfG8/ x'Fbf g]kfnL ;]gf;Fu kl/lrt lyof]Ù lxdlrd a9\5 . kl/0ffd:j¿k a]nfotd} xf]6n ;~rfng ug{ 82 ÷ /rgf

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


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Tof] e"=k"=;]gfsL Psnf}tL 5f]/Ln] ;3fpg] k|:tfj u/L . Joj;fo v'a} hDof] . To;df ;j]{;jf{ cª\u|]hk'qL lyO{ . d's'Gb / Tof] uf]/L klg Ps ePsf lyP . g]kfnL;]gfn] u/]sf] u'g ;Dem]/ d's'GbnfO{ uf]/Lsf] afj'sf] efjgf cg'¿k g} n7]k|L :jf:gL 5Fbf5Fb} pm uf]/L;Fu lax] ul/lbG5 . w]/} ;do;Dd cfdfafa';Fu ;Dks{ljxLg ePsf] d's'Gb crfgs 3/ cfof] / afa'cfdfnfO{ pt} nfg] uf]Ko dGq0ff ;'gfof] . ufpFn]n] ;d]t yfxf gkfO{ ;'6'Ss tLg}hgf a]nfotlt/ nfu] . a]nfotdf cfˆgf] wd{–;+:s[lt;Fu gldNbf cg]s lsl;dsf rl/q / cg]s b[Zox¿n] cflht ePsf dw';"bgn] cfˆg} 3/ g]kfn kmls{g] s'/f 5f]/f;Fu u/] / d's'Gb cfdfafj'nfO{ 3/ k'¥ofP/ kmls{of] . o;sf] s]xL ;dokl5 dw';"bgsf] gfddf a}+sdf aL; nfv cfPsf] yfxf eP/ hUuf lsGg] p2]Zon] Tof] /sd lgsfNbf af6}df n'l6of] . pgn] g/fd|f];Fu r'6fO klg vfP . a}+ssf] sd{rf/L, 8fsf / k'ln;sf] ;d]t ldnf]dtf]df Tof] sfd ePsf] yfx eof] . ;a}n] ;hfo kfP . 5f]/f d's'Gb klg k'gM 3/ cfof] / ;a} ;'ljwf ePsf] 3/ agfof] t/ 5f]/f] kmls{Pkl5 Tof] dxn pN6} e"tdxn aGof] . a"9fa"9L lj/lStP . To;} cj:yfdf s'g} 7u ;fw'sf e]ifdf pgLx¿nfO{ tLy{ 3'dfpg] / ;Gtfgsf] dg kmsf{pg] if8\oGqdf ljleGg tLy{ 3'Db} b]j3f6 k'u]kl5 pgLx¿;Fu ePsf] ;f/f ;'grfFbL ?k}ofF lnP/ ;fw' egfpFbf] JolSt efUof] . ca lj/lStPsf pgLx¿ a]kQf eP . a]nfotdf d's'Gbsf] n7]k|Lk6\l6 5f]/f ;fg] / uf]/Lk6\l6 7"n] 5f]/f eP . 7'n]n] xh'/af cª\u|]hsf sfvdf ;fg]nfO{ a:g glbPkl5 cfˆgf xh'/af vf]h]kl5 d's'Gb h]7L kTgL n7]k|L / 5f]/f ;fg]nfO{ lnP/ 3/ kmls{G5 t/ 3/df sf]xL x'Fb}g, 3/ z"Go . ufpFn] ;fyL /fd'n] p;nfO{ ;xof]u u5{ . To;kl5 cfˆgL kTgL / 5f]/fnfO{ /fd's} 3/df 5f]8]/ /fdsf ;fydf vf]hL ug{ lx+8\5 . rt/f cflb tLy{ 3'Dbf b]j3f6sf b'O{ ;fw'gLsf s'/fn] afj'cfdfsf] ;'OFsf] kfPkl5 vf]Hb} hfg] qmddf sf7dfG8' k'U5g\ . ToxfF cfkmGt efGhf;Fu e]6 x'G5 . j[4f>ddf Ps j[4n] lqj]0fLwfddf pgn] ltg} JolSt x'g ;Sg] s'/f ;'g]kl5 lqj]0fL k'U5g\ . 3f6df c4{hndf /flvPsf] cj:yfdf dw';"bgnfO{ b]V5g\ . gbLsf] t/ª\udf w"k5fofF b]v]sf] aofg k|ltd"lt{ sljtfnfO{ syf ;'gfPsf] / sljtfn] ;fgf] lrs{6f]df b'O{ kB n]vL 5f]8]/ cnk ePsf] k|;ª\ udf syfj:t' 6'ª\luPsf] 5 . #= w"k5fofF dxfsfJosf] a'Fbfut ljZn]if0f -s_ g]kfndf ;fdflhs ¿kdf b]lvPsf cg]s lsl;dsf ljs[lt÷lj;ª\ultnfO{ b]vfpg] qmddf lzIff cfh{g u/]/ sfd gkfpFbf lj/lStP/ ljb]lzg'k/]sf] o'jfx¿sf] l:yltnfO{ /fd|f];Fu s]nfOPsf] 5 . k"0ff{Í – !^!

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

/rgf ÷ 83


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d's'Gbsf] k9fOdf cfdfafa'n] slt b'Vv u/], slt ;kgf a'g], 5f]/fn] klg /fd|f];Fu k9]/ ;a}sf] lk|okfq aGof] t/ To;sf] pkof]u oxfF ug{ gkfP/ c¿sf] s'/fdf nfu]/ ljb]lzg'k¥of] . of] g]kfnsf o'jfju{sf] lgolt xf] . -v_ 5f]/fsf] ;kgf k"/f ug{sf nflu cfk"mn] hlt si6 ;xg klg tTk/ g]kfnL cfdfafa'sf] ultnfO{ sfJodf :ki6 kfl/Psf] 5 . 5f]/f5f]/L k9fP/ klg cfˆgf] b]zdf a:g g;Sbf ljb]zdf uP/ csf{s} rª\u'ndf kmF:g k'u]/ rfxFbf rfxFb} klg cfdfafa'sf] x]/rfx ug{ g;s]sf] / PSnf a"9fa"9L lj/lStP/ cnk x'g'k/]sf] oyfy{ l:yltnfO{ dxfsfJon] cf}FNofPsf] 5 . -u_ xfd|f] d'n's k|fs[lts ¿kdf clt ;'Gb/ eP klg oxfF /xg] ;Ifd, pmhf{zLn d'n'sjf;L aflxl/P/ ufpF ufpFdf czSt, j[4–j[4f dfq /x]sf] cj:yfnfO{ ;ª\s]t ub}{ lxhf];Dd vfBfGg lgof{t ug]{ b]z cfh cfoft u/]/ k/lge{/ aGg'k/]sf] cj:yf l;h{gf ePsf] j0f{g /fd|f];Fu ul/Psf] 5 . -3_ of] b]zdf efO–efO aLr o'4 u/fP/ Ift–ljIft agfOPsf] l:ylt / o'4u|:t hLjgdf dfG5]n] ef]Ug'k/]sf ljleGg lsl;dsf lqmofsnfksf] cj:yfdf lj/f]wL / ;]gfsf aLrsf] ;ª\3if{n] k|ltefzfnL o'jfx¿ ljb]lzPsf] k|;ª\df elgPsf] 5 M k|ltef ultnf ;f/f l8eLsf lgx'Fn] u/L knfog eP cGt} w"t{sf hfndf k/L . -;u{ ! k[i7 @% Znf]s #*_ -ª_ o; sfJosf] k|d'v kfq d's'Gb /fd|f] k9fO u/]/ d:sf] -?;_af6 cfPkl5 s'g} 7fpFdf klg plrt t s] ;fgf] hflu/ gkfpFbf lbSs ePsf] k|;ª\usf ;fy} ods, pkdf, :jefjf]lStsf] k|of]u klg o;/L JoSt ul/Psf] 5M d:sf] ljb]z /xFbf dgsf] prfO r9\Yof] r'nL lzv/ e}mF cln uj{ cfO{ P]n] w/ftn w/f tn n8\v8fO{ cfef; ef;;l/ efg eof] dnfO{ . -;u{ @ k[i7 #& Znf]s $#_ -r_ sfJodf /fhgLltsf] cl:y/kg, ljb]zL ;+:s[ltsf] k|efjn] Ift÷ljIft ePsf] sf/0f ;fgfb]lv 7"nf JolSt;Dddf b]lvPsf] ljs[ltnfO{ lj:t[t ¿kdf j0f{g ul/Psf] 5 . cfˆgf] b]zdf k9fOsf] s'g} cy{ gePkl5 d's'GbnfO{ cfˆgf afj'sf ;fyL ljrf/Ln] ;':tdgl:yltsL n7]k|L 5f]/L le8fP/ hflu/ k5fl8sf] hLjg ljb]lzP/ ;'vdo latfpg Pp6f pRr cWoog u/]sf] kl7t o'jfnfO{ 5f]/L le/fpg u/]sf] rt'¥ofOF jf w"Tof{OFnfO{ o;/L JoSt ul/Psf] 5 M ;'DkG5' ;fy lng' nG8gtkm{ hfpm sf]6f ldnfpFb5' j[lQ ljz]if vfpm 84 ÷ /rgf

c;f/–;fpg @)&^

k"0ff{Í – !^!


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Profile for Basu Shrestha

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