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b]vfpg;Dd b]vfof}+ . sf]xL Pslbg cfpF5 eG5g\ . sf]xL cfpFb}g eG5g\ .Æ nfdf] v'O{ sf9]/ ;f8Lsf] ;Ksf]n] cfFvf k'5L ;fljqLn] . df]xg klg af]Ng] zAbsf] cefjdf 6f]nfof] s]xL a]/ æg?g';\ dfO{h" . cfpnfg\ lg Pslbg . ot} s]xL u/] x'g] dfG5] ==== Tolts} ljb]z efl;P/ === .Æ cfkm}+;Fu af]n] h:t} s'/f ;';fof] p;n] . æh]7f] To:tf] eof] . dfOnf]n] klg ot}af6 uPsL;Fu ljx] u/L;Sof] /] b'aO{df g} . sfG5f]n] jif}{ lkR5] cfpF5' eg]/ uPsf] kfFr jif{ eof] d'v b]vfPsf] 5}g . s]xL eGof] eg] kmf]gdf af]Nb}5' lrQ a'emfpg' eG5 . To;n] klg t cfkm" v'zL pt} ljjfx unf{ lg . sfG5L k9\g elg ci6«]lnofdf uPsL 5] . k9\b} 5' sfd klg ub}{5' lrGtf glng' eG5] . 5f]/Lr]nL la/fgf] b]zdf PSn} Û s;/L lrGtf glng' df]xg ÛÆ ca rflxF ;fljqLsf] ;+odsf] afFw elTsof] . p ;Ksf]n] d'v 5f]k]/ lxSs lxSs ug{ yfN5] . df]xg dfq xf]Og gfgLx¿ klg cndNn k/] . zfob ToxfF dfG5] dfq xf]Og ;do klg cndlnPsf] xf]nf . / cfˆgf] cufl8sf] z"GotfnfO{ ljljw k|Zg ug{ r'Sof] xf]nf . To;}a]nf :jfF :jFf ub}{ km'n]sf] :jf; lnP/ t]hdfgn] cfˆgf] z/L/ la;fP s';L{df . ægd:sf/ dfdf Û o:tf] ufx|f] x'g]ul/ lsg lx+8\g'ePsf] ÛÆ df]xg lrlGtt gh/n] t]hdfgnfO{ x]b}{ eG5 . pgL af]Ng ;ls/x]sf 5}gg\ . slxn] df]xgnfO{ slxn] ?Fb} u/]sL ;fljqLnfO{ x]bf{ x]b}{ cfFvfel/ cfF;' pdf/]/ pgn] w]/} s'/f af]n] lgzAb . cfˆgf c>'o'St gh/ cGttM pgn] klg c8\ofP /dfOnf];Fu pk|mL pk|mL v]ln/x]sf gfgLx¿df . pgsf] cfFvfdf klg t[i0ffsf] ;fu/ g} pln{/x]sf] lyof] . w]/} s'/f u'g] xf]nfg\ pgn] cfˆgf] l/Qf] dgdf . æs] ug'{ df]xg . xfd|f] t 3/} phf8 ePsf] 5 . ;a} p8] r/f h:t} u/]/ . 5f]/f5f]/L dfly ;hfPsf] ;kgf ;a} 6'lqmof] . k};f 7"nf] eof] xfd|f] ;GtfgnfO{ . afa'cfdfsf] dfof ;gf] . ul/vfpg\. sfn hdfgfcg';f/ o;f] b]z ljb]z rxf?g\ eg]/ k7fPsf] r6Ss} dfof df/] . Æ zAb u'h'lN6P/ 3fF6Ldf kf]sf] k/] h:t} eP5 Sof/ . t]hdfg\ s]xL a]/ af]Ng} ;s]gg\ . æ/x/ t lyof] lg Û cfFugel/ gflt gfltgf v]n]sf] x]g]{ . gflt gfltgf sfFwdf af]s]/ ufpF 8'Ng] Û pgLx¿;Fu cfkm" klg aRrf eP/ lh:sfpg] rNg] . /x/ u/]/ dfq sxfF k"/f x'Fbf]/x]5 / dgsf] rfxgf ÛÆ pgn] klg nfdf] pR5jf; 5f]8]/ pN6f xTs]nfn] ;fgf] aRrfn] em}F cfF;' k'5] . ;fx|} 6L7 nfUbf] aGof] ;do . ædfG5] eG5g\ . xfdL efUodfgL /] . ;a} 5f]/f5f]/L ljb]zdf 5g\, xfdLnfO{ s] sf] b'Mv eG5g\ . b'Mv / kL8f 5ftLleq esesL pDn]sf] aflx/af6 s;n] b]Vg] / Û eGg' clg ef]Ug' w]/} km/s s'/f xf] .Æ t]hdfg klg cGtt M ;';fP cfFwL h:t} . k"0ff{Í – !%*

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/rgf ÷ 17


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df]xg cfpFb} ug]{ afrf ;lxt b'j} aRrf 8f]¥ofpFb} kmSof]{ . t]hdfg bDktL 6f]NffP/ pt} x]l//x] lgSs}a]/ . zAb/lxt eP Sof/ b'j}hgf . t]hdfg k'n'Ss x]5{g\ ;fljqLnfO{ . pgsf] Joyf pl56\ofpg g} xf]nf eG5g\– æ;fx'gL == Û o;f] tftf] lrof vfg kfP x'GYof] lg ÛÆ kl/xf;sf] af]nL af]n] klg 6L7nfUbf] ul/ lg:tfPsf] d':sfg kf]t]sf5g\ cf]+7df . æd klg s:tL x':;' ÛÛ yfs]/ cfpg' ePsf] Vofn} ug{ la;]{sL ===== NofO{ xfn]F .Æ ;fljqL klg p:t} Jolyt d':sfg cf]F7el/ ;hfpFb} p7\g] pks|ddf nfU5] . t]hdfg bL3{ lgZjf; ln+b} cfFvel/ :g]x cf]/fn]/ lgxf/L/xG5g\ ;fljqLnfO{ . ;fljqL ;':t ;':t kfOnf rfNb} efG;flt/ nfU5] . Tof] ;':t kfOnfdf 6fFl;P/ t]hdfgsf cfFvfdf rnlrqsf kl/jlt{t b[Zo h:t} em'NsG5g\ w]/} :d[ltx¿ . 5f]/f5f]/Lsf lglDt Hofg} clk{g vf]Hg] ;fljqL EofO{ gEofO{ sfd uYfL{ . p;nfO{ /QLe/ 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] cFWof/f] cg'xf/ ;xg x'Fb}gYof] . :s"n hfFbf c¿sf s]6fs]6L eGbf ;kmf / /fd|f] x'gkg]{ p;sf gfgLx¿ . gfgLx¿sf] Psyf]kf cfF;'df p;sf] wf/} aUYof] . s]6fs]6L l5l/Ss la/fdL ePeg] l;ls:t} x'GyL lrGtfn] . 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ ;Fw} cfFvf cufl8 /fVg' kg]{ ;fljqL Û cfh s'g} 5f]/f5f]/L sfvdf gx'Fbf slt l/lQPsL 5] . slQ vf]lqmPsL 5] . To;sf] cg'dfg nufpFbf sxflnG5 t]hdfgsf] dg . pgL u'lG5g\ . ;do slt kfkL x'Fbf]/x]5 . slt lgb{oL x'Fbf]/x]5 . Pp6L cfdfsf] t8kn] ufNg g;Sg] . Pp6f afa'sf] x[bosf] cfx a'ˇg} g;Sg] . pgL b]V5g\ /fd'sf] cfudg;Fu} Ps em'Nsf] pHofnf] cfFugdf k;]sf] . h'g pHofnf] tTsfn 7"nf] ;xf/f ag]sf] 5 pgL b'O{sf] lglDt . æa8f Û cln lbgdf v]tsf] ;a} sfd ;S5' d . b'O{rf/ lbg labf lbg' 3/ hfG5' . cfdfafa'nfO{ Gof;|f] nfUof] /] d]/f] . e]6\5' / vr{ kfgL 5f]l8/fv]/ cfpF5' .Æ v]tLaf/L, ufO{j:t' ug{ /fv]sf] /fd'sf] :j/n] of] t]hdfgsf] Psf]xf]/L /fv]sf] dg em;Ë x'G5 . æP === slxn] hfg'kg]{ < x'G5 lg hfpm g . Æ s] s] ;Demb} x/fPsf] :j/df af]N5g\ t]hdfg . ækL/ gug'{';\ a8f Û d l5§} kms{g] sf]lz; u5'{ . otf x'Fbf ptfsf] lrGtf nfU5 clg ptf x'Fbf otfsf] . xh"/x¿ b'O{hgf dfq . To;dfly xh"/sf] la/fdL . s] eof] s;f] eof] eGg] nflu/xG5 . Æ /fd'n] kL+9Lsf] ;fdfg yGsf] nfpFb} af]n]sf] ;fdfGo jfSon] ;fljqL / t]hgdfgsf] cfFvfdf k|Zg hGdfO/x]sf] 5 . æ/fd'nfO{ hlt klg xfd|f] lrGtf xfdLn] hGdfPsf 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ lsg ePg < Æ ( (*^@)^@!(( à afnu|fd rf]s÷O6x/L 18 ÷ /rgf

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a'g' ;fgL 5Fbf p;sf ;a} kl/jf/ klx/f]df k/] . Ps} lrxfgdf k'l/P ;a} . pm dfjnL uPsf]n] dfq afFRg ;sL . cfdfafa'lagf afFr]sL a'g'nfO{ PSn} lhpg'sf] s'g} ;f/ ePg . dfjnLdf xh"/cfdf 5pGh]n t tftf] lr;f] ;f]lWyg\ .  pgsf] d[To'kl5 dfOh"n] …cnlR5gL , cfdfafa' t ;fg}df vfO;\ ca oxfF a;]/ s;nfO{ lgNg] xf];\ Ú eGb} b'jf{Ro af]lNyg\ . …d}n] d]/f cfdf afa' s;/L vfFP x'Fnf < pgLx¿ sxFf xf]nfg\ < cfdfn] oxL+ a;\ a'g' . tFnfO{ b'[O{÷rf/ lbgdf lng cfFp5'Ú eg]/ 5f]8L uPsL lyOg\ . cem} cfOgg\ . dnfO{ dfof ug{ 5f]l85g\\ Sof/] . af, cfkm";Fu}sf] efO clg lbbL stf uP xf]nfg\ < dnfO{ t s;}n] klg ;lDemb}gg\ t .Ú oxL ;f]RyL ;fg}df pm . ca t p;nfO{ cfTdUnflg e}/xGYof] . …dnfO{ d]/L cfdfn] dfjnLdf lsg 5f]l8g\ . ;Fu} nu]sf] eP t d klg=======.Ú o:t} ;f]r]/ /f]O/xGyL a'g' . a'g' x's{b} uO{ . dfOh"sf 5f]/f5f]/L :s"n hfg yfn] . z'¿df a'g'nfO{ klg :s"n k7fOPsf] lyof] . sfddf dfq v6fpg] x'gfn] p;n] k9\g} kfOg . :s"n hfg} lbOgg\ dfOh"n] . ;fgf] pd]/df 7"nf] sfdsf] af]emn] lylrP/ pm xf]rL / b'AnL lyO{ . ;Sg] g;Sg] sfd nufplyg\ dfOh"n] . dfOh"sf 5f]/f5f]/L klg a'g'dfly vlgGy] . hª\undf afv|f r/fpg hfGyL . pm h:tf ;fgf afv|fuf]7fnf ;fyLx¿ e]l6Gy] . hª\undf ;a}n] kf]sf] kf/]/ ds}, /f]6L lrp/f, s]xL g s]xL vfhf af]s]/ hfGy] .  a'g'nfO{ 3/af6 oL ;a} ldNb}gy] . kmf6]sf] hfdf, d}nf xftkfv'/f ,/:;L afFw]sf] rKkn, kf]sf] k/]/ h'd|f el/Psf] skfn, rf]6 nfu]/ kfs]sf v'§f , lr/flr/f k/]sf s's'{Rrf b]Vbf ;a} ufpFn]sf] dg el/GYof] . …s7} b}jn] xf/]sL 6'x'/LnfO{ slt b'Mv lbO{ nfx'g{L{n] . ;fgL s]6LnfO{ slt sfd nufpF5] . nfx'/] s}n] cfpnfg\ <Ú o:t} o:t} s'/f uy]{ l5d]sLn] . dfdf kN6gaf6 gkms]{sf] w]/} ePsf] lyof] . cGt st} vl6Psf] s'/f uy]{ ;a}n] . dfdf 3/df gcfPsf]n] dfOh"sf] dgkl/ rn]sf] lyof] . s;}n] a'g'sf] s'/f u/]df 7f8} vflGyg\ pgL . …ltdL cfkm}+ nu]/ kfn g o; 6f]s'jfnfO{ Ú eGg] zAb af]Ng ;d]t kl5 klb{glyg\ . lgbf]{if lar/Ldfly ePsf] 7"nf] cGofo 6'n'6'n' x]g{ afWo x'Gy] ;a} . … b}j ;d]t xf5{ d"v{;Fu Ú eg]h:t} dfOh";Fu af]Ng] lxDdt s;}n] ub}{Gfy] . ;fgL a'g' laxfg} dfOh"sf] 8fFsf];Fu} p7\yL . uf]7sf] sfd ;sL k"0ff{Í – !%*

k';–df3 @)&%

/rgf ÷ 19


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g;sL uyL{ . ufO{, afv|fsf] nflu 3fF; sf6\g hfGyL . yfs]sf] nvt/fg z/L/n] afv|f r/fpg hª\un uPkl5 dfq cf/fd kfpFYof] . hª\undf p;sf] dd{ a'em\g] ;fyLx¿ afv|f x]g{ ;3fpFy] . Ps lbg hª\undf a'g' /f]O/x]sL lyO{ . kfgLsf kmf]sf h:t}  cfFvfsf] l8n x'Fb} cfF;'sf yf]kf alu/x]sf lyP  . …a'g' cfh klg lkl6g\ dfOh"n] <Ú uf}/Ln] ;f]w]sf] k|Zgsf] pQ/ a'g'n] 6fpsf] xNnfP/ x}g egL . uf}/Ln] a'g'sf] cfF;' k'5\b} egL …a'g' ltdLnfO{ t dfOh"n] crfSnL ug{ yflng\ . a? sf]xL hfg] dfG5] eP va/ k7fpg dfdfnfO{ . dfdfn] t ltdLnfO{ dfof uy]{ t . pgn] t ltdLnfO{ :s"n klg xfn]sf lyP . xfdL kf] u/La 3/df 5fF} . xfd|f afcfdf xfdLnfO{ k9fpg ;Sb}gg\ . ltdL t vfGbfgL 3/df 5f} lg . dfOh";Fu klg emu8f u/ g, d klg :s"n hfG5' eg]/ .Ú a'g' cSs g aSs eO{  uf}/Lsf s'/f ;'Gbf . dfOh";Fu af]Ng ;Sg] ;fx; / lxDdt p;df lyPg . af]nL v]/ kmfNg' dfq lyof] . dfOh" dfGg]jfnL lyOgg\ . dfdf  zflGt ;]gfdf uPsf] xNnf ;'g]sL lyO{, slxn] eGg] p;nfO{ s;}n] ;'gfPgg\ . dfOh" lbgel/ ukmr'6]/ al:yg\ . ;fgL a'g'nfO{ ;Sg]g;Sg] sfd nufpFlyg\ . Pslbg hª\unaf6 kmls{bf p;nfO{ ;f/} ef]s nfu]sf] lyof] . efG;fdf x]/L . yfndf /f]6L lyof] . g'g / v';f{gLl;t vfO{ . kfgLn] d'v lehfO{ . dfOh" 6'Kn'Ss cfOk'lug\ . ;/f;/ efG;fdf kl;g\  . …d]/f 5f]/f5f]/LnfO{ /fv]sf] /f]6L vfO;\Ú eGb}  bfp/fn] em6f/f] xflgg\ . a'g'sf] cfFvfsf] 5]pm eP/ bfp/f] uof] . p;n] nfdf] ;f; km]/L] . :s"naf6 kms]{sf dfOh"sf ;fgf 5f]/f 5f]/L ;d]t a'g'tkm{ ss]{ gh/ x]/]/ leq k:y] . pgLx¿n] k9]sf] ;'Gbf a'g'nfO{ klg :s"n hfg dg nfUYof] . …d}n] klg logLx¿n] h:t} k9\g kfPÚ .  o:t} ;f]RyL pm . …d klg :s"n ===cfxf ÛÚ a'g'nfO{ oxL sNkgfdf /dfOnf] nfUYof] slxn] sfFxL . lbgel/sf] sfdsf] ysfg To;df klg dfOh"sf] ufnL . pm laR5\ of}gfdf kN6L /  e';'Ss lgbfO{ .  …u'8\dlg{ª a'g' ÛÚ d]dsf] cfjfhn] em:s]sL a'g'nfO{ d]dn] xft ;dft]/ cfkm";Fu} a;flng\ . ;6{, :s6{, 6fO{, a]N6 clg h'Qfdf]hfdf ;lhPsL a'g' ;f/} /fd|L b]lvPsL lyO{ . cfh skfn kf]sf] k/]sf] lyPg . l/ag afl6Psf lyP b'j}tkm{ . xft v'§f ;kmf lyP . lrl6Sssf] Aofu / l6lkmg klg lyof] .  rf/}lt/af6 p;sf ;fyLx¿n] 3]/]sf lyP  . k9fOdf cAjn 5 a'g' eg]/ d]dn] c¿;Fu rrf{ kl/rrf{ ul//x]sL lyOg\ . k'/:sf/ ljt/0fsf] eJo sfo{qmd a8f] /f}gssf;fy rln/x]sf] lyof] . s]xL ;dokl5 a'g'sf] gfd pb\3f]if eof] . sIff k|yd ePsL lyO{ pm . cgsgfpFb} dGrdf k'uL . /ftf] caL/, km"nsf u'R5f / k'/:sf/n] ;Ddfg ul/of] . tfnLsf] u8u8fx6n] em:sL / Ao'FemL . of] ;kgfsf] Ifl0fs v';L lyof] . Aofu, l6lkmg, :s"n kf]zfs ;a} 20 ÷ /rgf

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k"0ff{Í – !%*


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;kgfn] vf];]/ nu]sf] lyof] . ;fFRr} e}lbPsf] eP ====. dgdg} eujfg ;/fkL . bf}8Fb} b}nf] vf]nL . pHofnf] eP5 . dfOh"n] dfl5{g\ eGb} 9f]sf vf]n]sL dfq s] lyO{, dfdf cfFvf cufl8 l7Ë plePsf lyP . ;kgf h:tf] nfUof] p;nfO{ . bfFof afFof g;f]rL dfdfnfO{ emlD6g k'uL . Psl5g dfdfs} cFufnf]df /f]O{ . k5fl8 7"nf cfFvf b]vfP/ dfOh" plePsL lyOg\ . pgsf tL ljiffn' cfFvfn] a''g'nfO{ wDSofO/x]sf lyP . dfdf cfPb]lv 3/sf] v6g k6g km]l/of] . 5f]/f5f]/L;Fu} dfdfn] a'g'sf nflu sk8f / NofPsf ;a} rLh lbP . efGhL a'g' ltdL k9l\bgf} < v} ltd|f sfkL lstfa < dfdfsf] k|Zg;Fu} dfOh" cflQPsL lyOg\ . pgL cF,====pm==== s]xL eGg vf]Hb} lyOg\ . l5d]sL /fd' cfOk'u] . ltg} /fd'n] u/]sf] va/sf] cfwf/df dfdf 3/ cfPsf lyP . l5d]sLn] ;x'g\ klg s;/L < cfFvf cufl8 ;fgL ar]/LnfO{ n5f/k5f/ u/]sf] . kfiff0f Åbo ePsL dfOh"df dfgjtf lyPg . /fd'sf] gfdnfO{ n'sfP/ dfdfn] dfOh"nfO{ v"a ufnL u/] . /fd'n] va/ u/]sf] eGg] yfxf kfPdf dfOh"n] pgnfO{ ;d]t 5f]8\g]jfnL lyOgg\ . dfdf ;a} s'/f uf]Kod} /fvL efGhLdfly u/]sf] cGofo / cTofrf/sf] lj?4df nl8/x]sf lyP . dfOh"sf] af]nL aGb e}/x]sf] lyof] . dfdfsf cfFvfcl3 ;a} 3/sf] sfd dfOh" cfkm}+ ug{ yflng\ . a'g'nfO{ b]Vbf cfFvf tb}{ ufnL uly{g\ . a'g' dfdfsf] cl3 kl5 nfUg yfnL . …kv\ dfdfnfO{ t hfg b] clg====Ú=eGb} bfx|f ls6\lyg\ . dfOh"nfO{ ;DemfP/ x'g] jfnf lyPg . pgn] efGhL a'g'nfO{ ;Fu} lnP/ hfg'df g} plrt ;Dem] . cfˆg} kN6gsf] :s"ndf a'g'sf] egf{sf] nflu s'/f u/] . pm cfdL{ :s"ndf pRr lzIff;Ddsf nflu egf{ x'g] eO{ . a'g' c;fWo} v'zL lyO{ . dfdf;Fu} hfg] ePkl5 dfOh"af6 6f9f a:g kfpg] ePsL lyO{ . dfdfsf] Kof/df /dfpg] ePsL lyO{ . ctLt la;{g rfxGyL pm . a'g'nfO{ ;Fu} n}hfg] va/ kfPkl5 dfdfsf 5f]/f 5f]/L klg ;Fu} hfg vf]h]sf lyP . :s"ndf s'/fsfgL a'g'sf nflu dfq ePsf] lyof] . dfOh"sf] emu8f / 5f]/f5f]/Lsf] lh2Lsf afah"b dfdfn] a'g'nfO{ dfq lnP/ hfg] eP .         a'g' gofF sk8fdf 7fFl6PsL lyO{ . pm dfdfsf] xft ;dfpFb} cl3kl5 ug{ yfnL . nfUYof] p;nfO{ b'vsf] cg'e"lt slxNo} ePg . ;fyLx¿nfO{ xft xNnfpFb} kN6g lx+8L dfdf;Fu} . l5d]sLx¿ klg v';L lyP . ;a}n] …6'x'/Lsf lbg cfP Ú eg]/ xif{sf cfFz' aufP . dfOh" 3/sf] 5]paf6 6'n'6'n' x]l//x]sL lyOg\ .

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/rgf ÷ 21


larf}lnof 8f= ljZjbLk clwsf/L

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ævr{ ug{;Sof] eg] xfg]{ d'2f klg lhlt+bf] /x]5 xlu a'jf xh"/ <Æ æk};fs} t 5 lg hdfgf . ljgf k};f slxn] s] x'G5 < tnjn] dfq /jfkmsf ;fy af“Rg GofofwLznfO{ ufx«f] 5 .Æ æclg k};fsf] cf8df xfg'{kg]{n] lht]kl5 lhTg'kg]{ 7x/} ePg t xh"/ <Æ æof] sfndf Pp6fnfO{ glauf/Lsg csf{sf] pGglt g} x'g;Qm}g . clg s] nfU5 .Æ æp;f] eP cGofodf k/]+ egL cbfnt wfpg' klg a]sf/ g} ef] t xlu xh"/ <Æ æs;/L a]sf/ x'G5 < gq xfdLn] s;/L cfDbfgL ug]{ < xfdLnfO{ t To:t} d'2f rflxg] t xf] lg .Æ æp;f] eP xh"/n] eLdfnfO{ lbPsf] bfOhf]hlt hDd} oxL k4ltaf6 sdfPsf] k};faf6 lsg]sf] /x]5 xlu xh"/ <Æ æxf] t lg HjfO{+ ;fx]a . olt dfq sxf“ xf] / p;sf] hGd g} oxL k4ltaf6 ePsf] .Æ æPSnf] 5f]/f eP/ klg xh"/ cfˆgf] lktfhL;“u lsg cnu a;]sf] lg <Æ ælktfhLn] æ5f]/f t}+n] d}n] eg]sf] gdfgL cbfntdf hflu/ vfO;\ . ca t}+n] sdfPsf] k};f d]/f] 3/df gx'n];\Æ eGg' eof] .Æ æxh"/sf] lktfhLn] lsg To;f] eGg' ePsf] lg <Æ æd}n] sdfpg] tnjb]lvsf] cltl/Qm /sd tnjdf g} ldl;P/ 3/sf] efG;fsf] /f;g kfgL aGg] eon] lktfhLn] To;f] eGg' ePsf] xf] . lsgls d]/f lktfhL ljgf kl/>dsf] sdfOsf] 3f]/ lj/f]w ug]{ dfG5] xf] . To;}n] d 3/af6 c+z glnO{ sf7df8f}+df 5'§} a;]sf] x'“ .Æ æc+z gln+bf t xh"/sf] hflu/af6 oqf] cbfIf 5 . km]l/ xh"/sf]df larf}lnofsf] lhDd]jf/L klg 5 ls <Æ æToxL t . hflu/af6 o;/L r"krfk sdfOg] s'/fnfO{ s;/L TofUg' . TofUg] s'/f g} ePg . sf]xL GofofwLzsf] nflu larf}lnofsf] sfd klg ug'k{ 5{ .Æ æclg sf]xL t k};f gvfg] GofofwLz klg t xf]nfg\ lg <Æ æ5g\ sf]xL, t/ ltgLx¿ xfd|f] hLjgz}nL b]v]/ dg{ vf]H5g\ .Æ æPshgf 7"nf Gofd"lt{ a]OdfgL ub}{gg\, 3"; vf“b}gg\ eGg] ;'lgPsf] lyof] . t/ ltgnfO{ d]/f] ;fyL]n] p;sf] sfof{non] c/fPcg';f/ Pp6f la|kms]z 3/}df nu]/ a'emfPsf] lyof] . 3"; gvfP klg la|kms]z t vfP5g\ .Æ 22 ÷ /rgf

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æx/]ssf] cf–cfˆg} cjtf/ 5 HjfO“ ;fx]j oxf“ . z}nL km/s 5 . k|s[lt km/s 5 . xfpefp km/s 5 . t/ ;a}sf] p2]Zo k};f hDdf ug'{ g} xf] rfx] Tof] sfg"gL t/Lsfn] xf];\ jf u}/sfg"gL t/Lsfn] .Æ æxh"/n] oltsf sdfpg' ePsf] 5 . cem sdfp“b} x'g'x'G5 . s] ;a} ef]u ug{ Eofpg'x'G5 <Æ æof] t kqsf/n] cGtjf{tf{ u/]h:tf] eof] lg HjfO“ ;fx]j . cjsfz kl5sf] klg hLjg 5 lg . pxL ;fg;f}stdf a:g' k¥of] . af“sL eP/ ar]sf] vfg] 5f]/f 5“b}5 .Æ h'“ufdf tfp nufp“b} ;'Aaf xs{aL/n] eGof] . æ5f]/fsf] nflu klg xh"/n] g} sdfOlb+bf p;n] t s'g} sfd g} ug'{k/]g xlu xh"/ < a:of], vfof], p8fof] . Sof dHhf ePsf] xf]nf p;nfO{, wg;DklQdf g} nl8a'8L ug{ kfp“bf .Æ æxf] lg t . a;La;L vfG5 . km]l/ p;n] larf}lnofsf] sfd l;s]s} 5 . a]Odfg emul8of / 3':ofxf GofofwLzsf] aLrsf] k'nsf] sfd u/L emg\ /fd|f] cfDbfgL u5{ . Pp6f k]zf ug]{ t xf] lg hLjgdf cfkm" lqmofzLn eO/xg .Æ æclg s] of] larf}lnof k]zf /fd|f] xf] t xh"/ <Æ ghfg]h:tf] u/L HjfO“ ;GtjL/n] ;f]Wof] . æbnfnL ug'{ klg g/fd|f] x'G5 st} . o:t} dfG5]sf] t OHht x'G5 lg ;dfhdf . slno'udf rl/qdf geP/ wgdf OHht a;]sf] x'G5 lg t . wg g} 5}g eg] rl/qsf] s] sfd < OHht uO;s]sf] x'G5 .Æ æp;f] eP ca OHht / a]OHht b'j} zAb zAbsf]zaf6 x6fOlbP eof] xlu xh"/ .Æ æTolt crfSnL eGg' x'“b}g HjfO“ . r"k nfUbf eOxfN5 lg .Æ ælarf}lnofn] s;/L sfd u5{ < km]l/ d'2f s'g GofofwLzsf]df k5{ eGg] s'/f laxfg bz ah]kl5 dfq yfxf x'G5 xf]Og / < o;sf] nflu klg 5'§} k|ljlw rflxG5 ls s;f] xh"/ <Æ æljgf k|ljlw t s'g} klg sfd ;Dej x'“b}g . x/]s s'/fsf] cfˆg} k|ljlw / k|fljlws x'G5g\\ . xfdL df]jfOn kmf]gdf s'/f u5f}{+, cIf/ k9\5f}+ t/ To;sf] k5fl8 klg t k|ljlw 5 lg . To:t} t xf] lg .Æ æp;f] eP ;fdfGo ;]jfu|fxL hf] cGofodf k/]sf] 5 To;n] dfq k]zLsf] lbg laxfg bz ah]kl5 s'g GofofwLzsf] Ohnf;df cfˆgf] d'2f k¥of] egL yfxfkfpg] /x]5 . cGofo ug]{n] eg] b'O{ rf/ lbg cl3 g} s:sf]df k5{ eGg] yfxf kfO;Sg] /x]5 . xf]Og t ;;'/f af <Æ ægq t larf}lnofsf] cy{ g} /x]g lg . Pp6f of] kIf eof] eg] csf]{ k]zLsf] lbg eGbf klxNo} Ohnf; v/Lb ug]{ rng klg x'G5 . ljleGg t/Lsf x'G5g\, Gofofno kl/rflnt x'g] h'g s'/f ;DjlGwt ;a}nfO{ yfxf x'G5 .Æ æOhnf; v/Lb eg]sf] s] lg xh"/ <Æ æOhnf; v/Lb eg]sf] k|wfg GofofwLznfO{ kmnfgf] GofofwLzsf] Ohnf;df kmnfgf lbg k]zL r9]sf] kmnfgf] gDj/sf] d'2fsf] k]zL tf]lslbg' egL k"0ff{Í – !%*

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lj|kms]z lbg' xf] . cl3 xh"/n] ;fyLn] lj|kms]z a'emfof] eg]sf] To:t} xf] .Æ æclg eg]h:tf] u/L GofofwLz tf]lsG5 t xh"/ <Æ æg"gsf] ;f]emf] ;a}n] ul/xfN5g\ lg . æh;sf] ;Ltf vfO{ p;s} uLtf ufO{Æ To;} eg]sf x'g\ t dfG5]n] . tf]lsPsf GofofwLz;“u klxn] g} lx;fjlstfj ldn] cg';f/ xfg]{ lhT5, lhTg] xf5{ .Æ æclg sfg"gsf] zf;g eg]sf] s] t xh"/ <Æ æsfg"gsf] zf;g eg]sf] sfg"g cg';f/ ug]{ eGg] t xf] lg .Æ æOdfg a]Rg] / sfg"gsf] zf;g cjnDag ug]{ eGg] b'j} s'/f Ps}rf]l6 ;Dej gx'g] /x]5 xlu ;;'/fHo" <Æ æTof] t a'emfOdf e/k5{ HjfO{+ ;fx]j .Æ æo;sf] cy{ GofokflnsfnfO{ clVtof/ gnfUg] eGg] xf], xf]Og t xh"/ <Æ æGofokflnsfnfO{ clVtof/n] 5'g g} kfp“b}g lg . To;}n] t xfdL ;a}nfO{ ;xh ePsf] 5 .Æ ælarf}lnofsf] k]zf klg a8f] cf/fdsf] /x]5 xlu xh"/ < kf]6jfn cGofoL / ef]sf GofofwLzsf] ;Dks{;"qsf] sfd u/L cfˆgf] ;]jf z'Ns lng] . lan e/kfO{ ljgfsf] ;]jf z'Ns x'gfn] ljrf}lnof, GofofwLz s;}n] klg To:tf] cfDbfgLdf cfos/ ltg'{ klg gkg]{ . ;f“Rr} xh"/sf] pNkmf cfDbfgLsf] klg cfos/ ltg'{kb}{g xlu <Æ æltg]{ t s'/} cfPg lg . ;|f]t vf]Ng ldNb}g .Æ æj]Zofsf] cfDbfgL h:t} /x]5 . t/ ljb]zdf t j]Zofn] klg s/ ltg'{k5{ /] . oxf“ klg 3"; s/, larf}lnof s/ lng] Joj:yf eP t ;/sf/sf] klg cfDbfgL a9\Yof] . sdfpg]sf] ;DklQ klg a}w x'GYof] . sxf“ n'sfp“ eGg] lrGtf x'“b}gYof] . cflv/ o:tf] a]OdfgL x'G5 eGg] s'/f ;a}nfO{ yfxf ePsf] cf]kg ;]qm6 t /x]5 lg . o;f] ljZn]if0f ubf{ t cbfnts} sd{rf/L / pgsf ;fyL ;“uftL, GofofwLzsf ;Gtfg cflbn] g} larf}lnofsf] sfd ug]{ /x]5g\ xlu xh"/ <Æ æcjsfz k|fKt GofofwLz, s]xL jlsnx¿, GofofwLzsf ;Gtfg, GofofwLzsf rfns, k]z]j/ jf/L;x¿, cbfnts} sd{rf/Lx¿ o:tf sfddf nfu]sf kfOG5g\ . gq t h'Ogf] km'l:sxfN5 lg . Tolt uf]Koubf{ t sltko a]nf kf]n v'n]/ 5fkfdf ;dfrf/ cfO;S5 .Æ æGofo t a8f] dhf;“u uf]ne]+8f h:t} lslrldlr eO{ lsga]r x'g]/x]5 xlu xh"/ <Æ æ;f]x|}cfgf lsga]r x'G5 eGg] xf]Og . krf; k|ltzt eGbf a9L g} lsga]r x'“bf] xf] .Æ æp;f] eP of] If]qdf klg 7"n} lu/f]x ;lqmo x'“bf] xf] . o;}n] Psk6s gof“ k|wfg GofofwLz cfPkl5 cbfntdf ljrf}lnof k|j]z lgif]w ePsf] eGg] ;dfrf/ cfPsf] lyof] .Æ æxf] To;f] ePsf] lyof] . t/ GofofwLzsf] kl/jf/ / cbfntsf 24 ÷ /rgf

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sd{rf/LnfO{ s;n] 5]Sg ;Sof] / < c¿ aflxl/of eg] s]xL ;do k|ToIf cfp6 ePsf x'g\ t/ pgLx¿n] xft–xftsf] df]jfOn k|ljlwsf] e/k"/ k|of]u u/] lg .Æ d';'Ss xf“:t} xs{jL/n] ;GtjL/nfO{ hjfkm lbof] . æcfhsfn t Odfgdf a;]sf jsLnx¿ sfg"g / k|df0f cg';f/ lhTg] d'2f klg lhT5 egL 7f]s'jf ug{ ;Sbf /x]g5g\ . sf/0f t of] kf] /x]5 t . klxn] Odfgsf] ;dodf t jsLnn] eg]sf] km/s g} kb}{gYof] /] . clxn] a]Odfgsf] ;dodf hLt xf/ / xf/ hLt eO/x]sf] x'gfn] klg o;} x'G5 egL af]Ng ufx«f] x'“bf]/x]5 pgLx¿nfO{ . eg]s} gldNg] ePkl5 o;} x'G5 eGg] s'/f klg cfPg, xf]Og t xh"/ <Æ æs] ug]{ HjfO“;fx]j Gofokflnsfdf larf}lnof¿kL dflkmofn] u'“8 dfq xf]Og eJo dxn g} agfO;s]sf] 5 . ca o;af6 pDsg ;a}nfO{ ufx«f] 5 .Æ æh'g;'s} If]qdf klg cg'zf;g x'G5 eg]sf] oxL xf], xlu xh"/ < kfs]6df/ t cfˆgf] ;Ldf gf3]/ csf{sf] ;Ldfdf ghfg] /x]5 . cfˆgf] ;Ldfsf] u|fxs csf{sf]{ ;Ldfdf l5¥of] eg] u|fxs lsga]r ug'{kg]{ /x]5 .Æ æxf] lg, a]OdfgLleq klg a]Odfgx¿aLr ;f]xL k|s[ltsf] cg'zf;g / g}ltstf x'g] ub{5 .Æ æd]l8sn sn]hsf] sf]6f ylklbg], /fh:j 5"6 lbg], e|i6frf/LnfO{ ;kmfOlbg] cflb s'/fdf dsf{kbf{ t /fHonfO{ k5{ . kmfObf hlt ;"qwf/, ljrf}lnof / GofofwLznfO{ x'g] xf] . o;af6 gful/snfO{ ck|ToIf k/] klg k|ToIf c;/ kb}{g . t/ hgtfsf] pl7jf; g} x'g] u/L cGofoLnfO{ ;3fpg' t kfksd{ g} xf] lg xf]Og / xh"/ <Æ æs] ug]{ HjfO+“;fx]j, of] tntn eO;Sof] o; k]zfdf nfUg]sf] . tntndf km:g]n] of] pm eg]/ x]b}{g . xh"/n] eLdfnfO{ Psl5g g5f8]h:t} tntn t xf] of] klg . uf]nLsf] cf“vf gePsf] h:tf] tntnsf] klg cf“vf x'“b}g . o;n] s;}nfO{ lrGb}g . xg'dfgsf] k|To]s /f}+df /fd–/fd cfjfh cfPh:tf] cfˆgf] cufl8 cfpg] k|To]s d'2fn] wg–wg eG5 ls eGb}g, ToxL dfq ;'Gg vf]H5 GofofwLzsf] sfg .Æ ædnfO{ nfU5 xh"/, ca ;of}+ jif{{sf] nflu Gofokflnsf ;+ljwfgsf] Pp6f k|f0fljxLg uxgfsf] ¿kdf dfq /xg]5 .Æ æTo:tf] t gxf]nf ls . xfdL a"9f hlt d/]kl5 ;'lw|Pnf ls .Æ æa"9f] d¥of] efvf ;¥of] eG5g\ xh"/ . efvf t ;a}lt/ /fd|/L g} ;/]sf] b]lvG5 .Æ æzt k|ltzt cGofo t x'“b}g .Æ æu0ftGqdf t Ps k|ltztdfq cGofo klg ;'kfRo xf]Og, lg xh"/ . t/ s] ug'{ u0ftGqsf] gfddf x"ntGq=========Æ * (*$(&$)#@$ à## zf:qLdfu{, d}ltb]jL, sf7df8f}+ #) k"0ff{Í – !%*

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38Lsf] ;'O{n] /ftLsf] afx| ah]sf] ;+s]t u5{ . ;fu/ la:tf/} cf]5\ofgaf6 p7]/ cl3 b/fhdf n'sfO/fv]sf] u'nfkmsf] a's] / Pp6f vfd lgsfn]/ ;Fu} cf]5\ofgdf ;'lt/fv]sL p;sL >LdtL sf]dn ghLs uP/ la:tf/} ufnfdf dfof ub}{ eG5, …XofKkL ay{8] dfO{ :jL6 8«f]/Pjn jfOkm ÛÚ sf]dn klg p;nfO{ dfof ub}{, …Yofª\s o'Ú elG5g\ . …d]/L :jL6 >LdtL ;w}F;w}F of] u'nfkmsf] km"n h:t} eO/xf];\ / dnfO{ o;/L g} w]/}w]/} dfof ub}{ hfcf];\ .Ú u'nfkmsf] a's] lbFb} ;fu/ eG5 . …clg of] vfdleq s] 5 lg <Ú …ltdL cfkm}+ vf]n]/ x]/ g :jL6 x6{, O6\;\ of]/ ay{8] lukm\6 ÛÚ ;fu/n] Ps xKtfsf] nflu pm / sf]dn df]/L;; 3'Dg] 6"/ Kofs]h ldnfPsf] lyof] . h;sf] Po/ l6s]6 vfddf b]v]/ sf]dn aRrf h:t} km'?ª\u ePsL lyOg\ . sf]dnsf] oxL Ogf];]G6 afgLaf6 g} ;fu/ df]lxt ePsf] lyof] . x'g t pgLx¿sf] ljjfx ePsf] klg afO; jif{ eO;s]sf] lyof] . t/ klg pgLx¿ Pscfk;df ldn]sf] b]v]/ ;a} rlst kg]{ uy]{ . cem} klg l6g]h ne h:tf] ;w}F ;Fu} x'Gy] xb{d . sfdsf] l;nl;nfdf aflx/ hfFbf klg x/ cfwfcfwf 3G6fdf pgLx¿ kmf]gdf s'/f u/]s} x'Gy] . rf6{8{ PsfpG6]G6 eO;s]sf] PSsfO; jif{sf] 5f]/f eO;Sbf klg pgLx¿ b'O{aLr dfofdf s'g} sdL cfPsf] lyPg . afO; jif{ cufl8 gfª\nf] a]s/L Sofkm]df klxnf] k6s b'O{ hgfsf] e]6 ePsf] lyof] . ljjfxsf] nflu kmfOgn l8l;hg lngsf] nflu pgLx¿ e]6]sf lyP . sf]dnsf] ;fydf pgsf] rfOnx'8 k|m]G8 /fs]z / ;fu/;Fu dfdfsL 5f]/L rf/ hgf eP/ e]6]sf lyP . /, ;fu/n] 5'§} klg sf]dnnfO{ ;f]w]sf] lyof] . s'g} s/sfkdf k/]/ ljjfx ug{ nfu]sf] t xf]Og eg]/ . sf]dnsf] dL7f] dGbd':sfgn] xf]Og eg]/ / pgs} /fhLv';Ln] ljjfx ug{ nfu]sf] atfPsL lyOg\ . cefj / z"Gotfsf] k"lt{ lyof] pgsf] cfudg . kljq ;fy lyof] pgLx¿sf] . s'g} :jfy{ 5nsk6 lyPg b'O{ hgfaLr . Pp6f lgM:jfy{ / lgeL{s k|]d lyof] . w]/} sd af]Ng] afgL lyof] pgsf] . klxnf klxnf t ;fu/nfO{ z+sf nfUg] uYof]{ ls s'g} dha"/Ldf k/]/ pgL;Fu ljjfx t u/]sL xf]Ogg\ eg]/ . s'g} ljjfx ef]hdf pgLx¿ hfFbf ;a}n] sf]dnsf] ;f}Gbo{sf] 26 ÷ /rgf

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h+unsf]] k|wfgdGqL kbdf cnf]slk|o kf6L{sf cWoIf af3axfb'/ lj/fhdfg ePsf] jiff}{+ eO;s]sf] lyof] . slxn] xh"/afp af3 , slxn] afp af3 , slxn] 5f]/f af3 . 5f]/f geP 5f]/Ln] klg of] kb kfpg' k5{ eGg] dfu p7\g yfln;s]sf] lyof] . t/ Pp6f s'/f eg] k|i6 lyof], k|wfgdGqL af3sf] hflt dfq x'g kfpg] . of] kbdf logLx¿sf] k':t}gL clwsf/ ePsf]h:tf] . lrl8ofvfgfdf a;]/ cjsfz kfO;s]sf af3 klg k|wfgdGqL g} x'g vf]lh/x]sf lyP . hlt;'s} a'l4 eP klg, hlt;'s} cSsn eP klg ;f]emf;femf hgfj/ / hGt'x¿ s;}n] klg of] cj;/ kfO/x]sf lyPgg\ . s;}n] lj/f]w u¥of] ls To;sf] 3fF6L /ftf/ft lzsf/L af3x¿sf] bfx|fdf kl/xfNy] . k|wfgdGqL af3n] cfˆgf] k|d'v ;lrjdf gLnf] :ofnnfO{ /fv]sf] lyof] hf] b]Vb} cfsfzsf] tf/f emf?Fnfh:tf] ub{Yof] . Pp6f uwfn] cfhsfn s]xL lbgb]lv lkP :ofn;fanfO{ x}/fg kfl//x]sf] lyof] kmf]g u/]/ . d"n s'/f] s] lyof] eg] uwf dxf]bonfO{ cfˆgf] ufog snfdfly w]/} uj{ lyof] . cfwf /ftsf] ;dodf ha pm cfˆgf] pTs[i6 /funfO{ cfˆgf] ;'dw'/ :j/af6 u'Ghfodfg ub{Yof], h+un To;}To;} ax'nfpg dfq afsL x'GYof] . slt k6s p:tfb uwfnfO{ af3sf k|x/L afFb/x¿n] s6\7fdf /flv;s]sf lyP . Ps k6s t k|wfgdGqL af3axfb'/n] /L;n] emG8} /fqLsf] :GofS;df p8fOlbPsf lyP p:tfb uwfnfO{ . Tof] t 56\6' lkP :ofnn] æof] xf8}xf8sf] k|f0fLnfO{ vfP/ klg s] ug'{, 3fF6L dfq} b/kml/G5 .Æ eg]/ af3sf] d'vaf6 hf]ufOlbPsf] lyof] . To;} lbgb]lv uwf / :ofnsf] lxdlrd a9]sf] lyof] . ToxL lxdlrdsf] kmfObf p7fP/ uwf s'g} 7"nf] bfp dfg]{ rSs/df lyof] . pm a/fa/ lkP ;fxanfO{ kmf]g ul//xGYof] t/ ;xfos lkP km\ofp/f] / x'F8f/n] uwfnfO{ lkP;fxa;+u ljleGg axfgf agfP/ s'/} ug{ lbGgy] . uwf klg sd ln+8] lyPg, kmf]g u¥ofu¥o} ub{Yof] . cflht eP/ :ofnn] Ps lbg kmf]g p7fof] . ælkP ;fxa, xh"/nfO{ kmf]g ubf{ubf{ cfˆgf] y't'gf] g}+ lvO;Sof] . ldq eP/ klg o:tf] ug]{ < xh"/sf tL km\ofp/fx¿n] s'/} ug{ lb+b}gg\ . Tof] ufog snf k|lti7fgdf pk s'nkltsf] kb e/v/} vfnL ePsf] 5 . nf} g , To;df dnfO{ ldnfOlbpmF g . xh"/l;jfo sf] 5 / xfd|f] < d]/f] ufog snf t xh"/nfO{ 40 ÷ /rgf

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yfxf g} xf]nf . Ps k6s z'¿ u/]+ eg] zx/g} ysf{pg ;S5' cfˆgf] ub{e /fun] . xh"/ t snfsf] k'hf/L, d]/f] olt sfd ul/lbg' k¥of] lkP;fxa .Æ—uwfn] ;s];Dd cfˆgf] :j/nfO{ rf;gLn] lehfP/ ljGtL r9fof] . k|:tfj ;'Gg]lalQs} uwfnfO{ /L; pl7uf] .æ ;fnf uwf, a'l4;'l4 5}g, k|f1 x'g] ;kgf b]V5 Æ— dgdg} a/a/fof] 5§' :ofn t/ egf]; s] < 6fn6'n kf/]/ uwfnfO{ kG5fof] . t/ uwf klg sd sxfF lyof] / .p:nfO{ yfxf lyof], h+undf h] klg x'G5 . s]sf] 1fg < s]sf] a'l4 < . oxfF s'g] sfg"gg} lyPg . k|wfgdGqL af3axfb'/ / ltgsf rdrf, 8f8", kGo"n] h] eGof] ToxL x'GYof] . To;}n] uwf h;/L klg :ofnnfO{ kmsfpgdf nfu]sf] lyof] . / Tof] s|ddf pm lbgx'F s]xL g s]xL sf];]nL kft k7fpg yfNof] k|wfgdGqLsf] ;lrjfnodf . k|wfgdGqL af3axfb'/ p;} k':t}gL k|wfgdGqL ePsf] sxfF lyof] / . p;n] cfˆgf] af3 kGhf ;a}lt/ km}nfP/ /fv]sf] lyof] . dxTjk"0f{ ;a} 7fpFdf cfkgf cGweQm r]nfx¿ efn' , l;+x , lrt'jf , clh+u/nfO{ dgdf]hL clwsf/ lbP/ /fv]sf] lyof] . s;}n] rfO+r'O+ u¥of] eg] Tof] leml/Kk af3axfb'/sf] a]n'sfsf] l;tg algxfNYof] . k|wfgdGqLsf] ;lrjfno lkP :ofnsf] g]t[Tjdf af3axfb'/sf] cfxf/f h'6fpgd} Jo:t x'GYof] . k|To]s /ft gf} ah]lt/ af3axfb'/ ef]hgsf] nflu a:bYof] / p;nfO{ ef]hgdf s'g} l;+uf] / lhpFbf] hgfj/ rflxGYof] h;nfO{ pm v]nLv]nL, v]nfO{ v]nfO{ ljb]zL /fhb"tfjf;af6 cfPsf] pQd sf]6Lsf] dlb/fsf];fy pb/:y ub{Yof] . To;kl5 pm cf/fdn] ;'snf x'GYof] / csf]{ lbg afx| gah'Gh]n ;'ltg} /xGYof] . oltGh]n h+unsf] zf;g :ofnn] g} rnfpFYof] . h:t} h¿/L sfd k/] klg af3axfb'/ p7\b}GfYof] . s;}n] p;nfO{ p7fpg] ;fx; klg ub}{GfYof] . Ps k6s Pp6f o'jf lrt'jf lkP ePsf] lyof] . /flt af3axfb'/ ;'lt/x]sf] a]nfdf h+undf cfuf] nfUof] . xfxfsf/ dlRrof] . kz' , k+IfL, hgfj/x¿ cf>osf] nflu efufefu ug{ yfn] . o:tf] cfkft cj:yfdf k|wfgdGqLnfO{ cjut u/fpg' cfˆgf] st{{Jo 7fgL o'jf lkPn] af3axfb'/nfO{ p7fpg] ePsf], aNntNn cfFvf ldRb} n/al/+b} /L;n] cfuf] eP/ p7]sf] af3n] o'jf lkPsf] s'/f t ;'g]g ;'g]g, pN6} o'jf hf];nfO{ leml/Kk} kf/]/ rkfOlbof] . Tof] a]nfb]lv k|wfgdGqL dxf]bonfO{ s;}n] p7fpg] cfF6 ub}{GfYof] . lbgsf] afx| ah] p7]kl5 dg nfUof] eg] h+unsf Ps cfwcf]6f ;d:of ;'gL 6f]kNYof] / ;dfwfg s]xL ug'{ k/] klg lkP uwfnfO{ cx|fP/ cf/fd ug{ lx+8\lbGYof] . Pp6f ljr/f kfG8f Ps xKtfb]lv ef]s} Kof;} af3axfb'/sf] b}nf]df al;/x]sf] lyof] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ e]6\g t/ uwfn] clxn];Dd uP/ s] sfd 5 eg]/ ;f]w]sf] klg lyPg . kfG8fsf] ;d:of uwfn] t a'em]sf] lyPg , af3axfb'/n] emg ;'Gg] s'/} ePg . ;fdfGotof k|wfgdGqLsxfF 8/n] s'g} hgfj/ klg ;d:of lnP/ cfpFb} cfpFb}gy] . pN6} vfOb]nf eGg] 8/ nfUYof] ;a}nfO{ . of] km'Rr] kfG8f eg] cfkm\gf 7"nfx¿n] /f]Sbf/f]Sb} klg ;fx;sf;fy cfˆgf] ;d:of k"0ff{Í – !%*

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/rgf ÷ 41


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lbns'df/L lbbL;Fu lgs} k6s cf;fddf e]6 ePsf] xf] . @)!& sf] dO dxLgfsf] @* tfl/ssf lbg lbns'df/L lbbL;Fu l;nu8Ldf e]6 ePsf] lyof]. ef/tLo g]kfnL eflifs cNk;+Vos ;ldltn] cfof]hg u/]sf] ;+uf]i7Ldf lbbLn] d'Vo cltlysf] cf;g cnÍ[t ug{'ePsf] lyof] eg] of] k+lÍsf/nfO{ klg jQmfsf ¿kdf cfdlGqt ul/Psf] x'gfn] d~rdf pxfFsf] 5]j}df a:g] df}sf h'/]sf] lyof]. l;lSsdsf k"j{ d'VodGqL g/axfb'/ e08f/Lsf 5]pdf a:g], a;]/ s'/f ug{] ;f}efUo eg] of] cls~rgnfO{ s'g} lbg klg k|fKt ePg. cF, ut nueu b'O{ jif{b]lv pgL;Fu ;fdflhs ;~hfn km];a'sdf ldqtfsf] ;Dks{ ag]sf] lyof]. g/axfb'/ e08f/L g]kfnL efiff tyf hfltsf nflu dxt sfo{ u/]/ ;a}sf] gh/df kg{] prfOdf k'u]sf, ;a}n] b]v]sf, lrg]sf gd:o JolQmTj x'g\. ;g !(*% df pgnfO{ k/}af6 b]v]sf] clg pgsf] cf]h:jL efif0f ;'g]sf] la;{]sf] 5}g, la;{g] 5}g slxNo} lsgeg] Toltsf] rf]l6nf] efif0f cfˆg} dft[efiff g]kfnLdf klxnf] k6s ;'g]sf] lyPF. uj{n] 5ftL 9Ss km'n]sf] lyof] To;j]nf, /f}F 7f8f ePsf lyP. To;tfs pgL sf+u|]; bnsf] eP/ r'gfj k|rf/sf] p2]Zon] t]hk'/ cfPsf lyP. pgn] a8;f]nf ljwfg ;ef ;dli6sf sf+u|]; dgf]gLt k|fyL{ v]d/fh clwsf/Lsf] kIfdf lzª/L, a8;f]nf, t]lnofufpF cflb 7fpFdf cfof]lht r'gfjL ;efx¿df efif0f lbPsf lyP eg] laxfnL ;dli6sf sf+u|]; pDd]bjf/ :j¿k pkfWofosf] eP/ ljleGg 7fpFx¿sf ;efdf efif0f lbP. To;} u/L t]hk'/ nf]s ;ef ;dli6sf sf+u|]; k|fyL{ ljlkg kfn bf;sf] kIfdf klg g]kfnLefifL If]qx¿df k|rf/ cleofg rnfPsf x'g\. l;lSsdsf d'VodGqL g/axfb'/ e08f/LnfO{ x]g{ / pgsf] efif0f ;'Gg ;efx¿df xhf/ xhf/ g]kfnLefifL hgtf e]nf ePsf lyP. tL ;efx¿df ef]6/ dfq xf]Og, ef]6df gfd gePsf :s"n] 5fq5fqfsf] ;+Vof klg sd lyPg. of] k+lQmsf/ klg pgsf] efif0f ;'Gg t]hk'/b]lv /fªf;'s / t]lnofufpF k'u]sf] xf]. g/axfb'/ e08f/Lsf] k|rf/n] t]hk'/ nf]s;ef / lgs}j6f ljwfg ;ef ;dli6df sf+u|]; kf6L{sf pDd]bjf/nfO{ ljhoL x'gdf d2t k'¥ofPsf] xf]. k"0ff{Í – !%*

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9]lsofh'nL ;dli6df lx/0o a/f / laxfnL ;dli6df :j¿k pkfWofo ljhoL eP eg] ;f]l7of / a8;f]nf ;dli6sf sf+u|]; k|fyL{ k/flht eP. e08f/Ln] hf]8bf/ k|rf/ u/] klg a8;f]nf ;dli6df v]d/fh clwsf/L ljhoL x'g ;s]gg\. !(*% sf] cfd r'gfjdf ljz]if u/L zf]l0ftk'/ lhNnfdf d'VodGqL g/axfb'/ e08f/Lsf] 7"nf] k|efj k/]sf] lyof]. sf+u|];sf] elTsg nfu]sf] 38]/L pgn] c¿ elTsg'af6 hf]ufP. a8;f]nf ;dli6df g]kfnLefifL k|fyL{ b'O{hgf lyP sf+u|];sf v]d/fh clwsf/L / o'gfO6]8 dfOgl/l6 k|mG6sf dfwj e§/fO{. c;d u0f kl/ifbsf k|km'Nn uf]:jfdL ljhoL eP. Pp6f s'/f s] 5 eg] c;ddf ljleGg efiffefifL hguf]i7Lsf] a;f]af; 5, eflifs cfwf/df s'g} klg hguf]i7Ln] r'gfj lhTg ;Qm}g. s'/fnfO{ 5n{Ë kfg{ To; ;dosf] c;dsf] /fhg}lts k[i7e"ld x]g{' cfjZos x'G5. !(*% sf] r'gfjsf] ;do c;ddf sf+u|];sf] l:ylt ;an lyPg. c;ddf !(&( b]lv 5 jif{;Dd ljb]zL gful/s alxisf/ ug{] cfGbf]ng rn]sf] lyof]. ;g !(*% df cfGbf]ngsf/L 5fq ;+:yf, c;d u0f;+u|fd kl/ifb / s]Gb| ;/sf/sf aLrdf q}kflIfs P]ltxfl;s c;d ;demf}tf ;DkGg eof]. To;} jif{ c;d u0f kl/ifb gfdsf] cf~rlns /fhg}lts bn u7g ul/of] clg cfGbf]ngsf/L 5fqg]tf k|km'Nn s'df/ dxGt bnsf ;efklt r'lgP. r'gfjL xfjf gjul7t c;d u0f kl/ifblt/ rn]sf] lyof]. r'gfjdf ax'dt lht]/ c;ddf c;d u0f kl/ifb bnsf] ;/sf/ algof]. s]xLlbg cl3;Dd 5fq /x]sf k|km'n\n s'df/ dxGt b]zsf slgi7td d'VodGqL ag]. c;dsf] o:tf] ;fdflhs, /fhg}lts kl/l:yltsf] ;dodf l;lSsdsf d'VodGqL g/axfb'/ e08f/L sf+u|];sf] eP/ c;ddf cfPsf lyP. a'lemG5, k|wfg dGqL /fhLj ufGwLsf] lgb{]zdf pgnfO{ c;d k7fOPsf] lyof]. uf]v{f kmf}hn] b]zsf] :jfwLgtf / ;Ldf ;'/Iffsf nflu u/]sf] Tofu / alnbfg ;j{ljlbt 5. To;}n] o'4If]q xf];\ of ;Gqf;jfbL bdg, uf]v{f kmf}h k7fOG5. p;} u/L cfkbsf] ;dodf /fli6«o bnnfO{ arfpg g]kfnLefifL hgtfsf] andf g]kfnLefifL d'VodGqLnfO{ v6fOPsf] xf] ls h:tf] nfU5. g/axfb'/ e08f/Lsf] efif0f ;'g]sfx¿ cfh klg >4fn] pgsf s'/f u5{g\. sf+u|];sf] kIfdf s'/f u/] klg hftLo r]tgfnfO{ pgn] slxNo} la;{]gg\. sf+u|];sf] r'gfjL k|tLs lrXg xft lyof]. efif0fdf pgn] eg], ef]6 xft lrXgdf lbg' k5{ t/ ;fy} of] klg Vofn ug{' k5{ Tof] xft s;sf] xf]. cfˆgf] xftdf ef]6 xfn\g' k5{ eg]/ pgn] cfˆg} hftLo pDd]bjf/nfO{ lhtfpg' k5{ eGg] s'/f u/]. sltko k9]n]v]sfx¿n] e08f/Lsf] efif0fsf] u"9fy{ cgk9 ufpFn] v]tLjfn xn] sf]bfn]x¿nfO{ a'emfpg yfn]. t/ cgk9 g} eP klg pgLx¿g] e08f/Lsf s'/f a'em]5g\. x'g klg pgsf] xF;L 7§f, af]8L n\of+Uj]h / 46 ÷ /rgf

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la;fO la;fO /f]rs s'/f u/fO 3tnfUbf x'gfn] efif0fsf] u"9fy{ a'ˇg s;}nfO{ ufx|f] ePg. cf;fddf cfh klg w]/} ;ef, af}l4s hd36 / kfg k;nx'Fbf] klg hftLo ;r]ttfsf] s'/f cfpFbf e08f/Lsf] ;f+s]lts z}nLdf …s;sf] xft’ eGg] ul/G5 . g]kfnLsf …axfb'/’ / …sfG5f’ zAbnfO{ w]/}n] rf}sLbf/ / c¿sf 3/df sfd u/]/ hLjg wfGg] gf]s/sf] ko{fojfrL 7fg]sf] b]lvG5. g/axfb'/ e08f/L klxnf] k6s d'VodGqL x'Fbf eg]sf] ;'lgof], …P s'g} axfb'/ klg b]zdf d'VodGqL x'g ;Qmf]/x]5.… g/axfb'/ e08f/L ef/tsf klxnf] g]kfnLefifL d'VodGqL x'g\, o;}n] ;f/f ef/tLo g]kfnLefifL hgtfsf k|ltlglw dflgP. cfh g/axfb'/ e08f/L of] o'UdzAb s'g} JolQmjfrs ;+1f geP/ ef/tLo g]kfnLsf] zfg, dfg / cfTdljZjf; a'emfpg] ljz]if0f zAbsf] ¿kdf klg Jojxf/ ul/g yfn]sf] 5. ef/tsf] ;+ljwfg algFbf g]kfnL efiff uflePg. g]kfnL efiff ef/tdf hlGdPsf] ef/tsf] ;d[4 efiff ;+ljwfgdf cGte'{Qm x'g' k5{ eg]/ xfdLn] eGg ;s]gf}+ . !(%^ ;gdf aNn b]x/fb'gsf kqsf/ cfgGbl;+x yfkfn] cfjfh p7fP. 5QL; jif{sf] cfGbf]ng kl5 ;g !((@ df dfq g]kfnL efiffn] ;f+j}wflgs dfGotf kfof]. k[YjLs} ;a}eGbf 7"nf] nf]stGq ef/tjif{sf] ;+;bdf ‐nf]s;ef / /fHo;ef_ ;ft ;o eGbf a9L ;f+;b 5g\, h;df g]kfnLefifL ;f+;bsf] ;+Vof xftsf cf}+nfdf uGg gk'Ug] 5. o:tf] kl/l:yltdf ;+VoflwSon] ;dy{g h'6fpg' ;lhnf] lyPg. o;df l;lSsdsf d'VodGqL g/axfb'/ e08f/Ln] h'g e"ldsf lnP To;}sf] e/df g]kfnL efiffn] ;f+j}wflgs dfGotf kfPsf] xf]. g]kfnL efiffnfO{ ef/tLo ;+ljwfgsf] cf7f}+ cg';"rLdf cGte'{Qm u/fpgdf g/axfb'/ e08f/L / pgsL wd{kTgL ;f+;b lbns'df/L e08f/Lsf] h'g cjbfg 5 Tof] ct'ngLo 5. g/axfb'/ e08f/Lsf] ljzfn JolQmTj / s[ltTjsf] j:t'lgi7 ljZn]if0f u/]/ d"NofÍg k|sflzt x'g nfu]sf] :d[ltu|Gyaf6 z'¿jft x'g]5 . o; n]vdf e08f/L c;d cfpFbfsf] Ps ;+:d/0ffTds emns dfq k|:t't ul/Psf] 5. * chetrygyan@yahoo.in

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@)^$ ;fndf /f}tx6df 36]sf] jLeT; g/;+xf/ rfgr'g] vfnsf] 36gf lyPg . o; cg'i7fgsf cf/f]xL / clUgxf]qx¿ s'g s'g hft, wd{, lnª\u / ;Dk|bfosf lyP, lsg / s'g k|of]hgsf] nflu g/jnL dxfo1 d~rg u/L cbgfsf] cfnf] /utn] cf]7 k'5]/ lx+8]sf lyP To;sf] ;fdfGo ;+s]t / ;"rgf k|fozM ;j}n] nufO{ klg ;s]sf 5g\ . sxfnL nfUbf] To; cfttfoL lgd{d 36gfn] w]/} lbg;Dd w]/} dflg;nfO{ pb\j]lnt t'NofP/ lgs} lbg;Dd vFuf/]/ pQ]lht t'NofPtf klg To;sf] cfnf] x/s dTy/ x'g gkfpFb} dflg;x¿ nfvfkfvf nfu] / sltko dflg;x¿ clxn] To:tf] 36gf klg 36]sf] lyof] / oxfF < eg] em}+ u/L lx+l8/x]sf 5g\ . 36gf 36]sf] klg cfh Ps bzs lalt;s]sf] 5 . w]/} dflg;n] of] 36gf la;{g klg yfln;s]sf 5g\ . To;tfsf d /f}tx6df lyOgF . 36gf;Fu d cyjf d]/f sf]xL cfkmGtL ;DaGwx¿sf] ToxfF ;xeflutf klg lyPg / klg d}n] Tof] 36gfsf] t xf]Og To; 36gf;Fu ;+nUg Pp6f kfqsf] k|j[lQnfO{ eg] slt sf]lz; ubf{ klg la;{g ;lsgF . hj Tof] kfq d]/f] :d[ltdf cfpg yfN5 clg d Ps}rf]l6 jt{dfgaf6 pl56\l6P/ ctLtdf 7f]lsg k'U5' . @)#* ;fn ebf}lt/} xf] h:tf] nfUb}5 . rGb|lgufxk'/sf] v}/f elgg] 6f]ndf :yfoL a;f]jf;sf] nflu d klg cf>o lng k'u]sf] lyPF . laafx aGwgdf afFlwPsf] klg lyOgF . nfx'/af6 kmls{+bf ar]v'r]sf] o;f] /xn kxnnfO{ ;fIfL /fvL ;+w} sf]bf], ds}n] kfl5+b} cfPsf] lha|f]nfO{ gofF :jfb rvfpg] lemgf] cfsfª\Iff /fv]/ vf]l/ofnfO{ v]tdf cg'jfb ug]{ ;fwgfdf tt{/L k;Lgf aufO/x]sf] lyPF . wfg k|hfltsf] jg:kltnfO{ cfnL, u/fleq s}b u/L h]gt]g /f]kfOF gfds sd{sf08 kf/fo0f u/]/ ;f; /fd|f];Fu km]g{ gkfpFb} ljleGg vfn] l7dfxf / 5];fxf /}yfg] jg:kltx¿n] of] t]/f] afpsf] latf{ xf] / eg] em}+ u/L gjfuGt's afnLsf slnnf 6';f ;d]tnfO{ /;ftn k'¥ofpg 9kSs 9fSt} hfg yfn]sf] lyof] . To;sf] kftsL k|sf]kaf6 cfxt x'g k'u]sf] d]/f] dg, z/L/ To;}+;Fu h'xf/L, l;Fuf}/L v]Nb} lx+l8/x]sf] lyof] . o;} d]nf]df Pslbg eftsf] ekf{O xl/of ds}n] ug{ vf]Hb} s] lyPF Ps hgf ckl/lrt gjfuGt's ck]Iffsf] nfdf] ;f; tfg]/ ;F3f/df nDk;f/ kg{ cfOk'u]kl5 d xtk|e ePF / lglg{d]if Psl5g 6f]nfP/ p;nfO{ x]l//xg k"0ff{Í – !%*

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k'u]+ . ev{/ cf/gaf6 lgsfn]/ kfOgdf rf]kNg nfu]sf] sf]bfnf]sf] kftf]h:tf] ;jf{ª\u sfnf] cg'xf/ . x]bf{ klg l3g nfUg] vfnsf] lhª\lu|Ë k/]sf] hLp8fn . sn]6L k/]sf cf]7, lgGofp/f] cg'xf/ . Pp6f ˆofªnf] sldh / sftL k/]sf] xflt b'Pssf] wf]tLn] sª\sfndo aGb} hfg yfn]sf] cl:yk~h/nfO{ h]gt]g 9fs]sf] . k/rqmL g} eP klg b]Vt} bof nfUg] vfnsf] cfs[lt . cltlynfO{ cf>o lbP/ ;Tsf/ ug{ ;Sg] ;fdYo{, Ifdtf / ;Lk oL tLg} s'/f d;Fu s]xL lyPgg\ . 5]sjf/ ljxLg Pp6f km';sf] ;fgf] s6]/f] lyof] . ;k{, laR5Laf6 hf]lug ;lsG5 ls eGg] sfFrf] ;kgfdf a]l/+b} Pp6f vf6 st}af6 dfu]/ NofPsf] lyPF . d]/f] Nofstsf] klxnf] k|fdfl0fs h]yf] ToxL lyof] . vf6 5f]8] cfkm" hfu|fd a:g' kg]{ 5f]8\g g;s] kfx'gf Û o:tf] bf?0f l:yltjf]w u/fpFb} d}n] eg]+ –æx]/ efO vfg t h]gt]g xl/ofds} kf]n]/} eP klg lbpFnf t/ jf;sf] cf; rflx+ gu/] x} . b]lvxfn]sf 5f} ;'Tg] 7fpF klg 5}g / cf]5\ofpg] ;fwg klg 5}g .Æ vf]lkN6faf6 lg:sg yfn]sf uFu6fsfh:tf cfFvf tgSs tfg]/ ;xdltdf 6fpsf] xNnfof] . ds} kf]n]/ vfg lbPF . slt lbgb]lvsf] ef]sf] /x]5 . sdfgL v':sg] u/L vfof] . Ps nf]xf]6f kfgL lkof] / cGTodf gdL7f] nfUg] u/L 9\ofpc u/]/ v}gL df]Ng yfNof] . d}n] ug{ ;Sg] ;xof]u / ;fdYo{ TolQ lyof] . lbgel/sf] wk]8Ln] nvt/fg kb}{ uPsf ylst, ulnt df+zk];Lx¿ lzlyn x'g k'lu;s]sf lyP . ltgLx¿sf] k|To]s cfx6af6 tLtf] kL8fsf] emª\sf/ lg;[t x'Fb} uO/x]sf] lyof] . lylul/P/ w]/}j]/;Dd a:g g;Sg] nv sf6\t} hfg yfn]kl5 ljgf ;Djfb k'n'{Ss 9n]+ . 9Ng' s] lyof] lgb|fn] ˇofKk 5f]kL xfNof] . Ps lgb|f /fd|f];Fu ;'Tg gkfpFb} s;}n] 3r]6\t} 3r]6\t} cfPsf] / hlt an u/] klg d eg] k5fl8 ;b}{, ;b}{ hfg yfn]sf] lyPF . lgs} ;do;Ddsf] 7]nd7]n / k]ndk]nsf] bf]xf]/f] le8Gtdf k/flht x'g] nIf0f b]Vgf ;fy d lsgf/f nfUg s] vf]Hb} lyPF olQs}df Pp6f chªsf] sxfnL nfUbf] kx/f] ;fd'Gg]df b]vf k5{ . d kx/f]sf] y'Dsf]df /x]sf] / k5fl8 cSs/] eL/ b]V5' . ;DxflnpF ;DxflnpF eGbf geGb} d]/f] Pp6f v'6\6f] lhK6]/ eL/lt/ x'lQG5 . z/L/sf] ;Gt'ng ldnfpg ;lStgF . wd{l/+b} To;af6 aRg sf]N6] km]/]/ cufl8 a9\g dfq vf]h]sf] s] x'G5' PSsfl; ToxfFaf6 9'Gd'lgFb} /;ftn k'Ug] tfnn] v:5' . cTof;n] eon] d'6' 9's\9's\ ug{ yfN5 . hLp nu\nu sfDg yfN5 . csfn d} dg]{ ePF eGg] qf;b\ dgf]efjn] 3Dnª\u 5f]Kt} uPkl5 xf];, xjf; x/fpFb} hLp l;tfª\u x'g k'U5 . g/fd|f];Fu k5fl/Pkl5 d em;ª\u x'G5' . r'Nxfsf] rDsfdf 6fpsf] 7f]lsPsf] x'gfn] b'vfOsf] ;'Dnf] z/L/el/ 7f]l;P/ /gfxfn] w'jfF lgsfNg k'U5 . b'v]sf] 7fpFdf ;'D;'DofpFb} o;f] cfFvf prfn]/ x]bf{ e"b[Zo b]v]kl5 d cfkm}+ rlst x'g k'U5' . dnfO{ 3r]6]/ vf6af6 n8fpg] dfG5] c¿ sf]xL geP/ s]xL If0f cufl8 ;]s, tfk u/]sf] pxL gjfuGt's kfx'gf x'G5 . d ;'t]sf] b]v]/ p;nfO{ 50 ÷ /rgf

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klg lgb|f nfUof] xf]nf . ;'Tg] 7fpF st} gb]v]kl5 dnfO{ g} ws]n]/ pm nDk;f/ kg{ k'u]sf] /x]5 . laxfg ;vf/} p7]/ d cfˆgf] lgTo sd{df nfu]+ . v]tfnf nufpg ;Sg] ;fdYo{ d;Fu lyPg . /f]k]sf] hlt v]t PSn} uf]8d]n ug{ t ;Dej lyPg t/ hlt ;lsG5 Tolt rflx+ ;s];Dd rfF8} l;Wofpg kfP jif{el/ vfgsf] lrGtf ug'{ kb}{g xf]nf eGg] cfsfª\Iffsf] sfFrf] wfuf]df em'l08P/ x'Gx'gfpg k'u]sf] lyPF . s/Lj gf} ah]sf] xf/fxf/Ldf pm klg k+x]nf bfFt lªRr b]vfpFb} cfof] . d}n] t pm lx+8\of] xf]nf eGg] ;f]r]sf] lyPF . uPsf] /x]g 5 . udL{ c;fWo} lyof] . k;Lgfn] d lgTy'|Ss leHg k'u]sf] lyPF . j]n'sf klg vf;} ultnf] vfgf vfOPsf] xf]Og . laxfg klg kfgL wl/ d'vdf gxfnL sfddf gfl/g cfOk'u]sf] lyPF . ef]sn] leqleq} vFufb}{ cfPsf] lyof] . laxfgsf] t'ngfdf lbpF;f] emg udL{n] lkN:ofpg] x'gfn] bz, P3f/ ah];Dd l6Sg ;s] d]nf] cln ;ls+bf] xf] eGg] nfu]/ bfofF, afofF gx]/L Psf]xf]/f] cfˆg}} sfddf nflu/x]sf] lyPF . j/k/ s;}nfO{ x]g]{ cyjf s;}sf] rf;f] lnP/ lrGtf ug]{ km';{b klg lyPg . s'g} s'/fsf] cyjf s;}sf] pnfdfnfdf nfu]/ 6f]nfpg yfn] sfd 8ª\ u|Ë a:g] / kl5Nnf lbgx¿df To;sf] rfkn] lyRt} emg cfs'n Jofs'n kfb}{ n}hfg] x'gfn] s'g} klg s'/fdf nfu]/ axlsg] pTs07f d}n] clnslt klg /fv]sf] lyOgF . pm Psl5g cfnLdf a:of] . 9\ofa|] cfFvf km'sfn]/ lklnSs Ps;/f] x]¥of] . aL;, kRrL; xft klt{/ k'u]/ Pp6f cfnLdf cl8+b} ufnfdf xft /fv]/ d}bfg u¥of] . Pp6f tfk|]sf] af]6 efFr]/ Ps d'8]t hlt nfdf] 5]:sf]n] bltpg nufof] . glhs} lyof] vf]nf . d'v wf]of] . xft v'6\6f kvfNof] . Pp6f nf];f] gh/ dlt/ lkRr km\ofFSt} k/Ss d'G6f] a6f¥of] . To;kl5 s] u¥of] d cfˆg}} w'gdf lyPF d}n] s]xL rfn kfOgF . dWofGg klg cf]ln{g nfu]kl5 x:ofª km:ofª ub}{ 3/ k'u]+ . d 3/ k'Ubf t pm kfFr, ;ft 3f]uf xl/of ds} sfFr} bf/]/ 8ª\u|Ë vf6df pQfgf] k/]/ kf] 3'l//x]sf] /x]5 . ds} lry/]sf] vf]of / vf]:6f cfFugdf c;/Nn lyP / ltgdf xl/of lem+ufx¿ e'Ge'gfO/x]sf lyP . emf]s rn]/ cfof] . /L;n] PSsfl; tf]/Lsf] km"n b]v]+ . emf]s eGbf klg ef]sn] lgs} vFufb}{ cfPsf] x'gfn] p7]sf] /L;nfO{ aª\u/fdf r]k]/ cfuf] km's]+ . e'n'Ss eft pdfn+] . plDng yfn]sf] eftsf] df8 clnslt a6'sfdf lgsfn]sf] lyPF . To;}df 5':; Psd'7L u'Gb|'s, clnslt g'g xfn]/ x'F8n]+ . eft kl:sPF klg t/ ufF; d'vdf n}hfg vf]Hbf d'v afpg} ;lsgF . lsglsg dg Ps tdf;sf] eP/ cfof] . c¿ efF8f s]xL lyPgg\ . Pp6f s]/fsf] kft sf6]+ . kvfn]+ / yfndf xfn]sf] eft b'O{ efu nufP/ Ps efu cufl8 ;fb}{ p;nfO{ vfg af]nfPF . pm lxNnf nfu]/ ;q lbg;Dd a:of] . dg nfu]sf lbg o;f] sfddf ;3fO k"0ff{Í – !%*

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6f]kNYof] . gnfu]sf lbg cjw"th:t} ag]/ vf6df klN6Psf] klN6o} uYof]{ . ;q lbgkl5 klg pm cfˆgf] /fhL v';Ln] af6f] nfu]sf] xf]Og . dsjfgk'/ lhNnfsf] /fOufpF lt/sf Pshgf kl/lrt bg'jf/ To; lbg dfi6/ vf]Hb} cfPsf lyP . clxn]sf]h:tf] /fO{ ufpFaf6 afudtL lsgf/} lsgf/ SoflG6g;Dd cfP/ ToxfFaf6 a; r9\b} rGb|lgufxk'/ k'Ug] ;'ud af6f] alg;s]sf] lyPg . /fOufpFaf6 l;w} blIf0f tfs]/ xflgPkl5 306f kfFr]sdf /f}tx6sf] km"naf/L x'Fb} rGb|lgufxk'/ cfpg] :yfoL / rNtLsf] af6f] lyof] . pgL dnfO{ g} nfg] dg;'jf af]s]/ cfPsf /x]5g\ . d}n] Toltj]/ k|j]lzsf kf; u/]sf] lyOgF . dfi6/sf] gfd ;'Ggf;fy pm h'?Ss p7\of] / d hfG5' eGb} kl5 nflu klg xfNof] . d}n] af]Ng} kfOgF . dnfO{ klg 3fF8f] la;fpg kfPsf]df xfO ;Grsf] dlng' cg'e"lt eO/x]sf] lyof] . pm a/fa/ ToxL af6f] lx+8\Yof] . htfaf6 cfP klg jf; d]/} 3/df a:Yof] . kl5 ToxfF lzIff cfof]u v'n]5 . laxf/} lt/ k9]sf] k|df0f kq eP klg gful/stfsf] k|df0f kq pm;Fu lyPg . gful/stf geO;s]kl5 cfof]usf] k/LIffdf ;xefuL x'g gkfpg] j}wflgs sfg"gn] ofdfgsf] uhjf/ t]:of{P/ p;sf] cfsfª\Iffdf cj/f]w xfln/x]sf] x'gfn] To;j]nf eg] uf]8f ltg]s snslQof cfFksf] kf]sf] kf/]/ gful/stfsf] nflu pm dnfO{ u'xfg{ cfPsf] lyof] . d}n] hLjgdf klxnf] / clGtd k6s p;n] lbPsf] j:t' ltg} tLgu]8f cfFk vfPsf] lyPF . ToxfF eGbf afx]s kfgL w/L ;d]t p;sf] xftaf6 lkPsf] lyOgF . cfkm}+ t dxfb]j pQfgf] 6fª s] lbG5f} dxfb]j j/ Û daf6 kf/ nfUg] s'/f] of] 5Fb} lyPg . pm bzuhf kf/Lsf] dfG5] . c8\8f, cbfnt;Fu d]/f] s'g} ;fOgf] klg lyPg / ;fOgf] ePsf dfG5] ToxfF sfo{/t klg lyPgg\ . g t d]/f] s'g} ;fdflhs x}l;ot g} lyof] g t ;f];{ l;kmf/L; ug{ ;Sg] x}l;ot ePsf dflg;nfO{ lrg]sf] g} lyPF . d}n] k|i6;Fu of] s'/f p;nfO{ eGbf klg p;n] Psf]xf]/f] cfˆgf] ln+8]l9kL bf]xf]¥ofO, t]x¥ofO /Xof] . clxn]sf] h:tf] c;lxi0f'tf b'O{ 5fnf aLrdf 3gLe"t eP/ d8fl/Psf] lyPg . xflb{stf geP klg ;xfg'e"lt Ps cfk;df kof{Kt lyof] . d}n] lrg]sf] dWo] Pshgf kx'Frjfnf enfb\dL x'g'x'GYof] z]if/fh sfˆn] . d}n] ;lj:tf/ of] s'/f pxfFnfO{ eg]+ . pxfFn] Pp6f lr7L n]v]/ lbg'eof] . cfgGb kf]v/]n x'g'x'GYof] k|= lh= c= . d}n] pgnfO{ pm bzuhf kf/Lsf] elgg. dnfO{ z]if/fh sfˆn]n] of] s'/f geGg' eGg' ePsf] lyof] . æ8s'd]G6 ldnfP/ lnP/ cfpg' d ul/lbG5'Æ eg]/ pxfFn] eg]kl5 afFsL sfd z]if/fh sfˆn]sf] lgb]{zgd} u/]+ . p;n] ljgf cj/f]w gful/stf kfof] . cfof]udf gfd lgsfNg t ;s]g t/ @)$^ sf] cfGbf]ngkl5 gofF ;/sf/ cfof] . of] ;/sf/n] ;j} vfn] c:yfoL sd{rf/L, lzIfsnfO{ :jtM :yfoL ug]{ xfjfb/L lg0f{o u/] cg';f/ pm dfWolds ljBfnosf] :yfoL lzIfs 52 ÷ /rgf

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eof] . :yfoL x'gf;fy lhNnfGt/ ;?jf ldnfP/ /f}tx6 l5l/ klg xfNof] . /f}tx6 cfPkl5 eg] pm 6]l9g yfNof] . af6fdf st} e]6\tf klg gb]v]sf]h:t} u/L d'G6f] a6f/]/ lx+8\g yfNof] . Toltj]/;Dd d}n] klg lgs} 3f6sf] kfgL vfg EofO;s]sf] lyPF . juL{o ;+;f/ pgLx¿sf] o:t} x'gfn] rf;f] /fVg klg 5f]8]+ . o:tf lemgf dl;gf s'/fdf clNemP/ lx+8\g km';{b klg lyPg . e]6] klg, b]v] klg d}n] jf:t} ug{ 5f]8]+ . p;n] cfˆgf] c;nL :jefj / rl/q dw]; cfGbf]ng tfsf b]vfof] . Tof] cfGbf]ngdf pm wtL{kq' ag]/ cfGbf]ngsf] lau'n km'St} lx+l8/x]sf] lyof] . aflx/L ¿kdf h] h] elgP klg To; cfGbf]ngsf] cGto{df kxfl8of d"nsf dflg;sf] lj?4 cfqmf]zsf] Hjfnfd'vL lyof] . / Tof] uf}/df k'u/] la:kmf]6 eof] . o;f] t pm lzIf0f ;]jfdf k|j]z u/]b]lv g} ;f+u7lgs ¿kdf /fhg}lts ljrf/;Fu cfa4 eP/ cfˆgf] b/f] pkl:ylt b]vfO;s]sf] lyof] . :yfoL x'gf;fy ;+3sf], @)%! ;fndf cfP/ ;+u7gsf] / tTkZrft hgo'4sf] lxdfotL eP/ kf6L{ kª\lt;Fu ufFl;g k'u]sf] lyof] . @)^$ ;fndf eg] lgs} ;lqmo eP/ cfˆgf] lgzfr/Lo :j¿k k|s6 u¥of] . uf}/df ePsf] g/;+xf/df dfl/g] kmut hgo'4sf sfo{stf{ geP/ kxfl8of d"nsf lgbf]{if dflg;x¿ lyP . To;df klg d]/} l5d]ssf s]xL cbgf r]nLx¿ klg lyP . hf] s'g} ;do p;n] pgLx¿nfO{ 6\o'zg ;d]t k9fPsf] lyof] . uf}/af6 xTs]nfdf Hofg /fVt} P3f/ lsnf]ld6/;Dd pv'af/L g} pv'af/L efUb} cfPsf / p;sf] 3/ 5]pdf k'u]kl5 ;xf/fsf] nflu p;sf] 3/df k;] 5g\ . tL t]x|hgf claaflxt sGofx¿ cj t afFRof}+ eGg] ;'vb\ cg'e"lt lnP/ leq k;]sf dfq s] lyP sltj]/ logLx¿ u'xf/ dfUg oxfF cfpF5g\ / ltgLx¿nfO{ cfˆgf] kf;f]df kf/]/ k5f?Fnf eg] em}+ u/L RofKk ;dft]/ klxn] ;fd"lxs anfTsf/ u/L To;kl5 lgd{d t/Lsfn] s'6lk6 ub}{ d/0ff;Gg ePkl5 v'Nnf 7fpFdf NofP/ pgLx¿sf ;+j]bgzLn cª\ux¿df An]8n] rr{tL{ lr/L afF;sf] ef6fdf d'Ssf afnL To;n] u'Ktfª\udf 3f]rL 3f]rL aLeT; lsl;dn] df/] . o:tf] kfzljs 36gfnfO{ /fhgLlts clwsf/sf] hfdf klx¥ofP/ hgdfg;df k|bz{g u/] klg of] /fhg}lts 36gf lyPg . of] lgtfGt sfo/tfk"0f{ lsl;dn] ul/Psf] k|ltzf]wo'Qm ;fdflhs c;lxi0f'tfsf] k/fsfi6f lyof] . sn'lift dfgf]efjåf/f u|l;t lgzfr/Lo k|jl[ Qsf] aa{/ oGq0ff lyof] . hftLo lje]bsf] ;d{gfs k|s/0f lyof] . dfgjtf la/f]wL cdfg'lifs sd{ lyof] . lgjf{lrt k|b]z;ef ;f+;bsf] ¿kdf 9nLdnL ub}{ cfkm" oxL+sf] e"ldk'q ePsf] ;l6{lkms]6 g} lnO;Sof] cfh To; k/rqmLn] . hj pm d]/f] ;fd' b]vf k5{ clg Pp6f ef]sf], gfª\uf], c;xfo l5d]sL geP/ Pp6f Jolerf/L c;'/ kxfl8ofx¿sf] dfg db{g ug{ xftdf ;'s{gL lnP/ lx+l8/x]sf] 5 h:t} nfUg yfNb5 . * madhavkafle8@gmail.com

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afbnleqsf] 3fd– ;/;tL{ x]bf{ g/]Gb|/fh kf}8]n

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ztfAbL k'?if 8f=;Todf]xg hf]zLsf] dGtJodf cfFvf kbf{ cln c;d~h;df k/]F . z'¿d} pgn] …:jgfdwGo lgaGwsf/Ú eg]/ 8f]lnGb|nfO{ wfk dfbf{ cltzof]lQmsf] cfef; kfP/ To;f] ePYof] . rfln;] jodf k'u]/ Pp6fdfq ;Unf] s[lt lgsfNg] dfG5] s] slt gfd rn]/ wGo ag] < ToxL klg cfˆgf] gfd}n] wGo /] Û d]/f] ts{ lyof] . t/ … afbnleqsf] 3fdÚ ;a} k9LEofpFbf kf] ztfAbL k'?ifsf] jrgn] cfkm}+ clee"t ePF . Pp6} s[ltn] 8f]lnGb| ultnf lgaGwsf/df bl/P5g\ . awfO{ 5 oL gjfuGt's ;|i6fnfO{ . k':tssf] cGt/j:t'df lgofNbf z'¿sf tLgj6f lgaGw afNosfnsf] 5f]6f] Oltj[Q;Fu} lszf]/ sfnsf] cf/f]x cj/f]xhGo :d[lt;/0fLdf cfwfl/t 5g\ . tLgrf/ bzscl3sf] dWoklZrd g]kfnsf] kxf8LhLjgsf psfnLcf]/fnL, jgkfvf, kFw]/f3f6, v]tLls;fgL / b'Mv;'vsf kl/b[Zox¿ cfFvfcufl8 5/k:6 aG5g\ . 3/sf] sfdsfh EofP/ 8]9306f 6f9fsf] :s"n k'Ug'kg]{ afWotf a]xf]b}{ k9fOdf cfk"m cAan /x]sf] s'/f atfpF5g\ pgL . ;fy} ljleGg y/L cltl/Qm lqmofsnfkdf;d]t /fd|f] x}l;ot xfl;n u/]sf] t/ k|j]lzsf kf; gx'Fb} afa'sf] C0fn] lrlGtt agfP/ d'unfg k:g' k/]sf] sf?l0fs syfJoyfnfO{ cfkm}+ pbfx/0f ag]/ lgaGwdf k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ n]vsn] . k"j{klZrd htftt} nueu o:t} b]lvG5 cfd g]kfnL lszf]/sf] xfnt clxn] klg . …s]xL u/] oxL k]6]n] u5{Ú eGg] afa'sf] cfzLjf{b kfPsf sfOFnf ;Gtfg 8f]lnGb|sf] kxf8L lgDgdWod juL{o cfd afnaflnsfsf] h:t} b'Mvd\;'vd\ u/]/ afNosfn lat]sf] 5 . lszf]/ sfndf kfOnf 6]St} pgL lbNnL k'u]/ ljleGg 7fpFdf 3/]n' gf]s/sf] /f]huf/Ldf ;+nUg /x], cg]sf} oftgf / x08/ vKt} /x], ;fy} cfˆgf] vfOnfUbf] JolQmTj ;'Gb/ cg'xf/ clg OdfGbf/Ln] /fd|f cj;/ klg kfpFb} /x] . rf/ jif{sf] cGt/fndf …5f]6LÚ cfP/ ufpFdf nfx'/] sxnfPsf 8f]lnGb| kms{g] a]nf h]7f afsf] 5f]/f lbjËt eP/ PsfPs /f]lsP . o; 36gfn] pgsf] hLjgdf gofF df]8 NofOlbof] . g]kfnd} cl8P/ pRr lzIff xfl;n ug{ afWo eP pgL . gq cfh;Dd klg nfx'/] hLjg latfpFb} ef/tLo ;]gfdf ;nfd 7f]Sb} k/]8 v]Nb} u/]sf x'Gy] clg aif{ b'O{ aif{df …5f]6L Ú cfpFbf ;fydf 54 ÷ /rgf

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el/ofnfO{ 6\ofÍf af]sfP/ ;'gf}nL kftn]v]t cfjt hfjt ub}{ /xGy] . …dfF hL sf]bf] s};] kmNtf x}Ú… kxf8 d]F vl6of s};] la5fof hftf x} <Ú cflb aft eg]/ dftfhL;Fu cfk"m nfx'/] x'g'sf] ljlzi6tf k;fy]{ xf]nfg\ . cem pgnfO{ hd{gL k7fOlbG5' eGb} dfOh' gftfsL Dofgkfj/ bnfnn] cf7 nfv ?k}ofF lnP/ a]kQf aGbf lhGbuL cSs/df k/]sf] cg'ej u5{g\ 8f]lnGb| . ljb]zsf] g;f nflu;s]sf oL o'jssf] sfd tL dfOh'n] kmQ] ul/lbPsL eP oltj]/ hd{gL k|mfG; stfstf kf] x/fO;s]sf x'Gy] . ;fgf 7"nf ljljw cj/f]wn] pgL ljb]z hfg gkfPsf] atfpF5 n]vfOn] . of] k|;Ë x]bf{ ljb]z hfg] g;fn] s'Ts'TofP/ sf7df08" lelqg' / tL bnfn dlxnf a]kQf x'g' b'a} 36gf ;'vb ;+of]u aGg k'u]sf 5g\ :jo+ 8f]lnGb|sf]nflu / g]kfnL ;flxTosf]nflu klg . g]kfnd} a;]/ sfd ubf{ klg z'¿s} lbgb]lv ;/:jtLn] pgnfO{ dfof u/]s} dfGg' k5{ . s[lif Joj;fodf nfu]/ uf]ne]8f sfFs|f] kmnfpg, aË'/ df5f kfNg of t 3/]n' Joj;fodf nfu]/ 9fsf=a'Gg of g]kfnL sfuh pTkfbg ug{ nfu]sf] eP of] vfnsf] s[lt kSs} hlGdg] lyPg . pRr lzIff xfl;n ug{ ufpFb]lv g} ;+3if{ ub}{ cfPsf 8f]lnGb|nfO{ sf7df08" lelqP/ 6\o"zg ;]G6/sf] ;+rfng / To;kl5 sL v]tL / kf7\ok':ts 5kfOdf nfu]/ Jofj;flos ;kmntf xft kg'{ psfnLsf] sf];]9'Ëf dfGg' k5{ . b]zsf gfd rn]sf ljz]if1, k|fWofksx¿sf] ;+ks{df cfˆg} Joj;fon] k'¥ofP/ pRr lzIff cfh{gdf pTk|]l/t u/]sf] b]lvG5 . k|sfzg Joj;fos} kmNbf]k'mNbf] j]nf ltg} ljz]if1 / b]zsf gfd"b slj n]vsx¿sf] ;+ut, ;Dks{n] ;flxTo n]vgtkm{ klg pTk|]l/t ePsf 5g\ pgL . kl/0ffd:j¿k cfk\mg} Psnf}6L nufgLdf …;dL ;flxTo k|lti7fgÚsf] :yfkgf u/]/ g]kfnL ;flxTosf] >Lj[l4df 6]jf k'¥ofpFb} yk u'g nufPsf 5g\ pgn] . …sf7df08"b]lv nf]dfªyfª;DdÚ, …ndtGg d':tfªdf x/fP/ cfk}m+nfO{Ú, …v'b's]{ hxfF d hfg' 5Úh:tf /rgfx¿ lgofqfsf] z}nLdf n]lvPsf 5g\ . jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ bLggfy zdf{;Fusf] ;xofqfdf cfa4 /x]sf] atfpF5g\ 8f]lnGb| tL 7fpFx¿df . Pp6} sfnv08 / ;dfg k|:t'ltdf /x]sf cluNnf b'O{ lgaGwdf ;femfsf ;d:of / b]zsf] ultljlwb]lv cfˆg} ufpF3/sf] kl/j]z, gofF k'/fgf ;a} y/L jfl;Gbf;Fusf] e]63f6 / jftf{nfknfO{ /f]rs 9Ën] k|:t't ul/Psf] e]l6G5 . gf} /f]kgL If]qkmndf km}lnPsf] Pp6} ljzfn lznfdfly k"0ff{Í – !%*

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;Dks{n] pgnfO{ ;flxTo n]vgdf pTk|]l/t u/fPsf] pNn]v 5 . ;fgf] pd]/df ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmddf ;lqmo /x] klg jo:s cj:yfsf n]v /rgf kfOFb}gg\ . PsfPs rfnL;] jodf pgL utLnf lgaGwsf/ ag]/ e'mlNsPsf x'g\ . ;femfdf u}/n]vsn] k|j]z u/]sf]df lvl;l6p/L ug]{x¿sf] d]v dfg{ / ;d;fdlos k|l;4 slj n]vssf] ;/;+utn] ;flxTo n]vgdf k|]l/t u/]sf] s'/f klg pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . t/ ;flxTosf/ aG5' eGb}df algg] s'/f kSs} xf]Og . To;}n] pgsf] n]vfO x]bf{ 36gf / j:t'l:yltsf] Jofks ko{j]If0f / ;"Id cWoog;Fu} cGtlg{lxt l;h{gfTds k|ltefn] pgnfO{ n]vs agfPsf] cg'ej x'G5 . afNosfnb]lv g} ;'if'Kt cj:yfdf /x]sf] pgsf] l;h{gfTds k|ltefn] o;} lgaGw ;+u|xdf cfP/ kmls|g] km'Ng] pj{/ d[lQsf kfPsf] k|tLt x'G5 . sf]lknfdf s'l07t OGb|sdnn] o;} s[ltdf jf;gfsf] ;+rf/ ug]{ v'nf cfsfz kfPsf] b]lvG5 . Ps lsl;dn] pgsf] of] ljnIf0ftf klg xf] . …lul/hf afa'sf] wfkÚ, …;'g]sf / b]v]sf k|wfgdGqLÚ oL b'O lgaGw ;dsfnLg /fhgLlts g]tfx¿;Fusf] ;+;u{ / k|z+;fdf cfwfl/t e]l6G5g\ . lgaGweGbf efjgfsf] lga{Gw ljr/0f of :jsLo cg'ejsf cfn]v eGbf 7Ls k5{ lognfO{ . oL b'a} cfn]vdf b]zsf] ;d;fdlos kl/jt{g / To;sf] cu'jfO ug]{ g]t[Tjk|lt n]vsdf cufw >4f,cf:yf / ;sf/fTds zf]r e]l6G5 . pgL ltg} g]tfsf] Gofgf] sfv, blj{nf] sfFw clg km/flsnf] 5xf/Ld'lg g]kfnL hgtfsf] ;'gf}nf] / ;DkGg eljio n's]sf] b]V5g\ . To;}n] ;a}k|lt pgsf] efjgf ;b}j cfzfjfbL / cf1fsf/L clg s[ts[To /x]sf] cg'ej x'G5 . cfˆg} csd{0otf / s'zf;gn] dfcf]jfbL hGdfP/ h+un k7fpg] / ;q xhf/ dfG5]sf] xTofkl5 afx|a'Fb] ;dembf/L u/]/ ltg} dfcf]jfbLnfO{ /fHosf] afu8f]/ ;'lDkg] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf lgaGwsf/sf] cfFvfdf lgs} …cNsf dxfg dfG5]Ú ag]sf 5g\ . To:t} afx|a'Fb] ;dembf/L kl5sf] o'4 lj/fd clg n8fs'sf]nflu lgsf;f ;/sf/L 9's'6Ldfly ePsf] a|Xdn"6 clg To;kl5sf lbgdf hgtfsf] cledt a]u/ g} ePsf] /fhtGqsf] cGTo / wd{ lg/k]Iftf ;+3Lotf h:tf ljifox¿ clxn] cfP/ ax; / ljjfbsf] ljifo ag]sf s'/f pgL sf]6\ofpFg rfxb}gg\ . gofF ;+3Lo u0ftGq kfP/ klg b]zn] :jfwLgtfsf] cg'ej ug{ g;s]sf], k|fb]lzs cv08tfnfO{ hu]gf{ ug]{ ef}uf]lns ;fFw;Ldfgf ;d]t ;'/lIft kfpg g;s]sf], cfd hg;d'bfon] cefj u/LjL a]/f]huf/L clg lhpHofgs} c;'/Iffafx]s ultnf] e/f]l;nf] k|ltkmn kfpg g;s]sf]] / b]zsf] g]t[TjnfO{ ljb]zL x:tIf]kn] d";f em}+ v]nfPsf] cGof]nk"0f{ kl/l:yltsf sf/s clg b]znfO{ cfly{s Jofkfl/s / z}lIfs b'/j:yfdf k'¥ofpg] ltg} :jfyf{Gw g]tfsf] b]jTjs/0f u/]/ oqtq cltzof]lQm k|s6 u/]sf 5g\ oL lgaGwdf . km/s b[li6sf]0faf6 x]bf{ cfˆgf] lghL :jfy{k"lt{ / wgbf}ntsf] cs"t cfh{gafx]s hgtfsf] ;d[l4tkm{sf] ld;gdf gf} aN8\ofª vfPsf g]tf egfpFbf vngfosx¿nfO{ gf}/ËL k'mNem8L clg tf;sf hfdfku/L u'tfP/ dfld{s Jo+Uo k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ pgn] . k"0ff{Í – !%* k';–df3 @)&% 58 ÷ /rgf


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/rgf ÷ 59


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sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . clxn] dfG5] cf–cfˆgf] xljutsf] Vofn} gu/L wgbf}nt / P]zcf/fdsf] kl5 nfu]sf] s'/fnfO{ k|i6\ofpg] hdsf]{ …/]ld6\ofG;sL :jf:gLÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . …;QfÚ sf] ef]ssf sf/0fn] ag]sf] /f]uLnfO{ cf]vlt / 8fS6/ grflxFg] ts{ ub}{ /f]uL -;QfeSt_ :jod\ g} /fHo aGg] u/]sf] s6' ;To ;d]6\g] sfd …;QfÚ sljtfdf ul/Psf] 5 . oqtq b]lvg], ef]lug] / ;'lgg] ad–af?bsf] ljikmf]6gn] kfl/jfl/s hLjgdf k|lts"n c;/ k'u]sf] cfef; lbnfpg] sfd … k|]o;L;Fu dgsf s'/fÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . clwsf/ k|flKtsf] dxf;ª\u|fdx¿df cu|hx¿ Jo:t /x]sf] avt afnaflnsfsf] ;+/If0f / ;'/Iff kfpg] xs s'l07t ePsf] cfef; lbnfpg] sfd …;fgf gfgLx¿;FuÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . sfuhdf alnof] sfg"g eP klg Jojxf/df nfu" x'g g;s]/ hghLjg qfxLdfd\ ePsf] b08xLgtfsf] ;do kqm]/ hlGdPsf] sljtf xf]– …sfg"gÚ . lgwf{x¿sf] cfz qf;df ablnPsf] If0fnfO{ l6k]/ /fhgLltsf] s'¿k v]nn] g]kfnL ;+:sf/ / efjgf gfnLdf ˆoflsPsf] cledt hfx]/ ug]{ sfd …/fhwfgLsf] lr7LÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . wg geP klg if8oGqsf/L dg x'g]x¿ rfx]sf 7fpFdf k'u]sf] / rfx]sf sfds'/f ug{ ;s]sf] cfzo JoSt ug]{ sfd …l;of]Ú sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . dfG5]n] rfx] cg';f/ gx'g] / kl/l:yltsf] bf; ag]/ dfq cfz ug'{kg]{ jfWotfnfO{ b]vfpg] sfd …lhGbuLdf /x/ klg==Ú sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . lgoltn] ;fy lbP hLjg /ldtfdo x'g] t/ 7u]df ;Gqf;do x'g] zfZjt kIfnfO{ ;d]6\g] sfd …lgoltÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . j}olSts :jfy{n] k|]l/t g]tfg]t[sf] rlt{snfnfO{ b]vfpg] sfd …xnLx¿Ú sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . kf}/fl0fs kfqx¿sf] k|of]u u/L ldysLo ¿kdf jt{dfgnfO{ ;"Id kf/fn] s]nfpg] sfd …cfw'lgs /fdfo0fÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . ;}4flGts ¿kn] ljk/Lt Ph]08fwf/Lx¿ ;d]t s';L{ v]nsf nflu b'O{ z/L/ Ps dgsf eO{ hgtfnfO{ d"v{ agfO/x]sf s'/f ;ª\s]t ug]{ sfd …gsr/fx¿Ú sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . k|tLIffsf] 38L si6s/ x'g] hgfp lbFb} k|]d–k|0fosf] k|;ª\u sf]6\ ofpg] sfd …u'gf;f]Ú sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . hlt;'s} ljZjf;sf] jftfj/0f eP klg hGdhft zq'kIfx¿ ljZj:t x'g g;Sg] ts{ cl3 ;fg]{ sfd …v;|f s'/fÚ sljtfn] u/]sf] 5 . cg]sg j]lyltx¿sf aLr hLjgnfO{ ;Unf] /fVg / kljq kfg{ xDd]xDd] k/]sf] cfef; lbnfpFb} lrQ b'v]sf] cf]vtL kfOg] 7fpFsf] vf]hL ul/Psf] sljtf xf]– …lrQ b'v]sf] cf]vtLÚ . dfoflk/tLsf ufyfn] el/Psf] sljtf xf]–…rf/ cfFvf h'Wbfv]/L===Ú . zxLbx¿sf] alnbfgLn] z"Gok|foM kmn k|fKt u/]sf]df cfqmf]z JoSt ub}{ /fhg}lts af]nL / Jojxf/ ;'wfg{ r]tfjgL lbOPsf] sljtf xf] –…oIf–k|ZgÚ . sd{rf/LtGqsf] /jflkmnf] / c;fGble{s hLjgz}nLn] lrd6]sf] l6Kk0fL …xflsdÚ sljtfdf ul/Psf] 5 . dfG5]sf OR5f y/Ly/Lsf /x]sf / ;+:s[ltsf cf8df ljs[lt df}nfPsf] b[Zo lvRg] sfd … OR5fsf] cfotgÚ sljtfdf ul/Psf] 5 . hgtfnfO{ nf]Kkf v'jfpg]x¿n] 66 ÷ /rgf

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hgtfsf sl;nf yKk8 vfPsf] cfef; lbnfpg] sfd …yKk8sf] h'n';Ú sljtfdf ul/Psf] 5 . pgsf sljtf k9\bf n]vsLo ceLi6 g} ;dfh ;'wfg'{ xf] eGg] :ki6 emns ldNb5 . xf:oJoª\UonfO{ d"n d]?b08 agfP/ w]/}eGbf w]/} em/f{ zAbx¿nfO{ :yfg lbPsf 5g\ sljn] . sljtfdfkm{t nf]stGq / u0ftGqsf] lvNnL p8fpg]x¿nfO{ pgn] sl;nf] yKk8 xfg]sf 5g\ . lrQ ga'em]sf 7fpFdf Joª\Uojf0f k|xf/ u/]sf 5g\ . pgsf sljtfdf sl;nf] cleJolSt ;zSt¿kdf kfOG5 . sljtfdf bdbf/ ;fª\uLlts nofTdstf e]l6G5 . d"ntM pgL l:y/ /fhgLltsf kIfdf 5g\ . pHHjn eljiosf] rfxgf / sfdgfd} pgsf sljtfsf x/]s x/kmx¿ lgld{t ePsf 5g\ eGbf cltzof]lSt gxf]nf . g]kfn ;|i6f ;dfhåf/f k|sflzt of] s[lt k7gLo 5 . * nandalalacharya@gmail.com à >L hg;]jf dfWolds ljBfno, sh{Gxf–$, l;/xf

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‘;flxTo jftf{’ leq s] 5 < clgtf kGyL

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clxn] h] n]Vg vf]lh/x]F Tof] /x/ xf]Og / afWotf klg lyPg . p;f] eP jf:tljstf s] lyof] < h;sf] hjfkm km]l/ lbg g;sF'nf . s:tf] cK7\of/f] s'/f u/]5' g} . /x/ / afWotfsf] aLrdf h'g cy{ ;Dk|]if0f x'g vf]H5, zfob d]/f] hjfkm ToxL lyof] . s'/f s] eg] d hxfF uPsf] lyPF, ToxfF dnfO{ ;flxTo jftf{ gfds k':ts lbOof] . tt\If0fd} ;f]rF] k7gsf] lglDt lbOPsf] x'gk' 5{ . cg'dfg plrt lyof] . tyflk s'/f Tolt dfq lyPg . k7g kZrft\ ;dLIff klg n]Vg' kg]{ lhDd]jf/Lsf ;fy lstfa lnPF . cWoog / k':ts ;ª\u|x ug]{ /x/s} sf/0f d}n] pQm s[lt :jLsf/]F . d}n] of] u|Gy n]vs dfkm{t lnPsf] xf]Og . cfˆgf] lg0f{onfO{ dgdg} cfkm}+Fn] s[t1tf k|s6 u/]F . h] u/]F Tof] c;n eP5 . wGg :jLsfg{ hfg]5' . slt k':ts o:tf klg x'G5g\, s]xL kfOG5 ls eg]/ vf]Hbf vf]Hb} clGtddf Unflgn] 5f]K5 . ;dosf] aaf{bL dfq} . 1fgsf] c:ki6 t[i0ff d]6fpg c1ft kf]v/Ldf xfDkmfNbf Pp6} klg df5f] km]nf gk/]/ lg/fz x'g'k5{ . t/ ;flxTo jftf{df d}n] gvf]h]/} w]/} s'/f kfPF . kZrfQfk dgfpg' k/]g . oxfF ;Gb]xsf] k|;ª\u} cfpFb}g . o; s[lt;Fu hf]l8Psf] gfd xf] – xl/x/ vgfn . cf/Dedf t dnfO{ cGof]n g} eof], s'g ljwfsf] s[lt xf] of] < syf, lgaGw, pkGof;, b}lgsL, hLjgL . cflv/ oL s'g} klg ljwfleq gkg]{ k':ts /x]5 of] . To;f] eP s] xf] t ;flxTo;Fu hf]l8Psf] jftf{ < g]kfnL efiff, ;flxTo, snf / ;+:s[ltsf] pTyfg tyf hu]gf{ / >Lj[l4df clj>fGt vl6Psf s]xL cu|h k':tf / kl5Nnf] k':tf u/L b'O{ r/0fsf JolQmTj;Fu xl/x/ vgfn åf/f ljleGg ;dodf lnPsf] cGtjf{tf{sf] ;ª\sng g} s[ltsf] k|ltlglwTj ljifo eP/ cfPsf] 5 . oxfF ljljw ;dodf ljljw ;flxlTos klqsf -ul/df / xfd|f] l;h{gf_ df k|sflzt ljleGg If]qsf JolQmx¿n] hLjgdf cfh{g u/]sf cd"No cg'ej, cg'e"lt, ljrf/ / b[li6sf]0fnfO{ k|sfzdf Nofpg] k|of; ul/Psf] 5 . clg tL JolQmTjx¿n] ;do, kl/j]z / kl/l:yltnfO{ lgofNbf cfh{g u/]sf pknlAwk"0f{ 1fg;Fu ;fIffTsf/ u/fpg vf]Hg' g} o;sf] nIo xf], h'g k|z+;gLo 5 . cGtjf{tf{sf] ;Fufnf] t of] xf] g} . k/Gt' jfb;+jfb, 5nkmn, ljrf/, ljdz{sf] ;jfn hjfkmnfO{ d"t{tf lbP/ ;/n / ;'nlnt efiff / z}nLsf] k|:t'ltdf n]vssf] ;'Gb/ ;flxlTos JolQmTj oxfF k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . ax'ljwfsf ;|i6f xl/x/ vgfnsf] cfˆg} kl/ro 5 g]kfnL ;flxTosf] 68 ÷ /rgf

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l;d;f/df . slj, cfVofgsf/ / cg'jfbssf ¿kdf :yflkt vgfnsf y'k|} s[ltx¿ k|sflzt eO;s]sf 5g\ . o;y{ oxfF kl/rosf] s'g} ckl/xfo{tf 5}g . kf7sdfem vgfn :jo+ k|sfZo 5g\ . ;dfhdf k|To]s JolQmsf] cfˆg} ljlzi6tf x'G5 . ToxL ljlzi6tf / k[ystfdf g} Pscsf{sf] kl/ro s;}:fFu d]n vfFb}g . oxfF To:tf JolQmx¿sf cGtjf{tf{ lnOPsf] 5, hf] cf–cfˆgf] If]qdf /x]/ ;dfh ;+jfxssf sfo{ ul//x]sf 5g\ . k/Gt' Tof] sfo{ km]l/ s;}n] lhDdf nufP/ afWotf jz ul/Psf] lyPg . Pp6f ;r]tg dl:tisn] ;dfhsf] lglDt s]xL ug'{k5{ eGg] efjgfn] clek|]l/t eP/ u/]sf] lyof] . /fi6«sf] ckgTj / klxrfgsf lglDt ul/Psf ;ª\3if{ clg ;dfhdf cfˆgf] JolQmTjnfO{ cfnf]lst u/fpgsf vflt/ efiff, ;flxTo, snf, ;+:s[lt / Oltxf; h:tf cg]sg kIfdf cem egf}F Psd'i6 g]kfnL jfª\dosf If]qdf of]ubfg k'¥ofpg] JolQmTj, h;n] cu|kª\lQmdf /x]/ ;do / r]tgfsf s'/f ul//x]sf lyP . ljrf/n] g} dfG5]nfO{ hLjGt agfpg] 5 / ;fy{s u/fpg] klg . ;flxTo jftf{sf pNn]lvt JolQmTj /fi6« slj dfwjk|;fb l3ld/], jfªdo ztfAbL k'?if ;Todf]xg hf]zL, k|f= afns[i0f kf]v/]n, k|]dljgf]b …gGbgÚ, cfgGbb]j e§, r"8fdl0f /]UdL, t'n;L lbj;, k|f=8f= jf;'b]j lqkf7L, 8f= w|'j|rGb| uf}td, vu]Gb| ;ª\u|f}nf, lgg' rfkfufO{F / :jfdL dxLw/frfo{ u/L afx| hgf :d/0fLo / ;DdfggLox¿sf lqmofsnfkdf s]lGb|t eP/ cg]s k|Zgf]Q/sf vhfgfaf6 hLjgsf ;f/ pTvgg\ u/L ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf 5g\ . :jsLo If]qsf] cg'ej / cg'e"ltsf] cfwf/df pb\3fl6t b[li6sf]0fsf] ;f/e"ld oxfF k|To]s zLif{sn] g} k|ltlglwTj ug{ vf]Hb}F 5 . Pp6f 5f]6f] cfn]vleq dggLo / ljrf/0fLo ;Dk"0f{ cjwf/0ffnfO{ :yfg lbg ;lsg] 5}g . o;y{ d}n] k|To]s JolQmsf] s'g} Pp6f k|d'v ljrf/nfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ l6kf]6 ug{] k|of; u/]sL5' . ;flxTosf] Ps :j¿k ;fwf/0fLs/0f xf] – o; lrGtgn] g} /fi6«slj dfwjk|;fb l3ld/]sf] hLjgnfO{ lgb]{lzt u/L cfPsf] 5 eGbf cTo'lQm gxf]nf . sljtfdf hLjg / hLjgdf sljtf b]Vg] slj l3ld/]n] oxfF ;flxTonfO{ o;/L x/]sf 5g\, æcfkm"nfO{ lal;{P/ dfq sljtfdf ;dlk{t aGg ;lsG5 -k[–^_ .Æ hLjg b}nfsf] aQL /x]5 – ;+:s[ltljb\ ;Todf]xg hf]zL . jxfFsf] egfOdf – hLjgdf ;a} ljBfsf] ;f/ cfkm"n] cfkm}+FnfO{ lrGg' xf] . ztfAbL k'?if ;+:s[ltljb\, tLg k6s;Dd dbg k'/:sf/ kfpg] g]kfnL Oltxf;s} PSnf] k"0ff{Í – !%*

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JolQm, ;flxTosf/ . jxfF eGg' x'G5, æj]b k'/f0f h] k9 h] hfGg] k|oTg u/, cfkm"n] cfˆg} ljifodf af]w ug'{ cfjZos 5 -k[–!@_ .Æ dfS;{ d]/f k|z+;gLo lje"ltdWo] Ps x'g\ – k|f= afns[i0f kf]v/]n . g]kfnL efiff ;flxTosf ljrf/s, vf]h cGj]ifs, ax' JolQmTjsf ;+jfxs kf]v/]nsf] b[li6sf]0fdf k|of]ujfb ædnfO{ k|of]ujfb ;flxTosf] Jo"6Lkfn{/ em}F nfU5 -k[–@^_ .Æ ;flxTo snf / ljrf/sf] ;+of]hg xf] – k|]dljgf]b gGbg . uLtsf/, slj tyf uhnsf/ / lgaGwsf/ klg . pgL gf6ssf/ / lgb]{zs klg x'g\ . pgsf] ljrf/df l;h{gf / ;do s] xf] < æ;flxTodf ;dosf] s'g} s'g} k|efj k5{ . === To;f] x'gfn] Tof] ;dosf] h'g cfqmd0f xf] egf}F, Tof] cfqmd0fnfO{ k|Tofqmd0f ug{ vf]Hbfv]l/ xfd|f /rgf aG5g\ -k[–$)_ .Æ ljZjsf] cl:tTj g} åGådf 5 – cfgGbb]j e§ . /fhgLlt1, lgeL{s, lg8/ / k|v/ jQmf, slj, ;dfnf]rs / lgaGwsf/ e§sf] b[li6sf]0fdf n]vgsf] ljifo æ=== ha Pp6f lrGtgzLn dflg; cfˆgf] ljrf/ / efjgfaf/] 3f]Tng yfN5 p;n] cjZo klg ljifo ge]§fO{ 5f]8\b}Fg -k[–%!_ .Æ em/f]{ g]kfnL cfGbf]ng efiff ;flxTo If]qsf] Hofb} dxTjk"0f{ s'/f xf] – r"8fdl0f /]UdL . pgL efiff ;flxTo, kqsfl/tf / k|fWofkg If]qdf ;+nUg / em/f]j{ fbL cfGbf]ngsf k|0f]tf dWo]sf Ps x'g\ . c¿ b]zsf] t'ngfdf xfd|f] b]zsf] ;+:sf/ sdhf]/ 5 eGg] k|;ª\udf /]UdLsf] wf/0ff – æztk|ltzt s] s'/f ;xL xf] eg] cWooglagf x'ªs \ f/ ug]s { f] hdft 7"nf] 5 xfd|f] b]zdf -k[–^)_ .Æ l;h{gzLntf /Ë, Wjlg / zAb;Fu ;DalGwt 5 – t'n;L lbj; . slj, k|fWofks, ;+:s[ltljb\, nf]sjftf{ cGj]ifs cflb If]qdf ljeflht JolQmTjsf] b[li6df hLjg – æhLjg Ps pT;j xf] . o;nfO{ tkfO{F s;/L dgfpg' x'G5 Tof] To:t} x'G5 -k[–&@_ .Æ ;flxTon] dflg;sf] hLjgnfO{ kl/is[t t'NofpF5 – k|f=8f= jf;'b]j lqkf7L . tLg ljifodf PDf\=P=, g]kfnL ljifosf klxnf] ljBfjfl/lw, klxnf] k|fWofks, w'/Gw/ ljåfg, k"jL{o / kfZrfTo b'j} ;flxTosf ljlzi6 1ftf, ;flxTosf/ / ;dfnf]rssf gfdn] ;Daf]lwt JolQmTj . jt{dfg g]kfnLsf] l:yltaf/] lqkf7Lsf] lrGtgdf æg]kfnL hLjg k|0ffnL / g]kfnL ;Eotf s;/L hfg] eGg]df xfdL sxfF r'gf}tL 5 . === xfdL sxfF kfZrfTo k|efj 5 === . xfd|f k|ltef klZrdlt/ x/fpFb} 5g\ . === cf–cfˆgf] hftLo e]ife"iff ;+:s[ltnfO{ hf]ufO/fVg] / afXonfO{ klg ;dfgfGt/ lx;fadf lng] . === cfw'lgsLs/0f / cGt/f{li6«os/0f ;a}nfO{ lng'k5{ . :yfgLo hfthfltsf vfgkfg, /Lltlylt, rfnrng ;a}nfO{ ;'/lIft /fVg'k5{ . ts{, af}l4s k4lt pTs[i6 x'g'k¥of], lbn g]kfnL x'g'k¥of] -k[–*@_ .Æ lyd cfpFbf lah'nL rDs]h:tf] ‰jf§ s]xL cfpF5 – 8f= w|j' rGb| uf}td . cfVofg k'?ifsf ¿kdf ljVoft ;flxTosf/ . ;flxTo n]vgdf pgsf] cjwf/0ff – æ=== d]/f] cfˆgf] b[li6df hDd} s[lt, s'g} klg s[lt d}n,] ca n]vF" g t, w]/} ef] gn]vs ] f] eg]/ n]vs ] f] 5}g . lyd cfP/} n]Vof 5' . gcfpFbf n}Vof 5}g d}n] -k[–(!_ .Æ 70 ÷ /rgf

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g]kfn k|1f k|lti7fgåf/f k|sfzgdf NofPsf] cg'jfbs kl/ro sf]z @)&%, k|f1 8f= a]~h' zdf{sf] ;xof]udf ;;{tL{ k9\g] cj;/ kfPF . o;sf]nflu wGojfb tyf cfef/ JoQm ub{5' . w]/} jif{ cl3b]lv cefjsf ¿kdf /x]sf] sf]z k|sfzdf cfPsf] 5, o;sf nlfu k|wfg ;Dkfbs 8f=uf]ljGb/fh e§/fO{ tyf ;Dkfbs d08nsf cGo ljåfgx¿nfO{ ;d]t xflb{s wGojfb eG5' . sf]z lgdf{0f ug'{ eg]sf] a8f] sl7g sfd xf], clg o;sf] kl/dflh{t ¿k klg a]nf a]nf cfO/xg'kb{5 . d}n] cWoog u/]s]f k|:t't sf]ifdf s]xL cg'jfbsx¿ 5'6\g'ePsf]n] ;Dem]sf s]xL gfdx¿ pNNf]v ug{ rfxG5' . g]kfndf cg'jfb ug]{ qmd k/Dk/fb]lv g} x'Fb} cfPsf] b]lvG5 . ljåfgx¿ cfˆg} dgf]/~hg / v'zLsf nflu cg'jfb ub}{ cfpg'ePsf] b]lvG5 . kl5 uf]=ef=k|=;=, g]=ef=k|=;=, g]kfnL efiff cg'jfb kl/ifb, k|1f k|lti7fgaf6 cg'jfb sfo{ x'Fb} cfPsf 5g\ . g]kfnL ;flxTodf cg'jfbsf] k/Dk/f x]bf{ cfh;Ddsf] Oltxf;df e'jgk|;fb pkfWofo 9'Ë]nsf] -!(@@–!((#_ ‘pkjg ljgf]b’ -!($)_ gfds klxnf] cg'jfb k':ts k|fKt 5 . h;nfO{ sdn bLlIftn] -!(*^–@)&#_ klxnf] ;flxlTos k':ts dfGg'ePsf] 5 .1 t/ of] afujfgL ;DaGwL k':ts xf] . cfˆgf] dgv'z /fVgsf nflu dfWolds sfndf cg]sf}+ ljåfgx¿af6 /fdfo0f, dxfef/t nufot ljljw k|sf/sf k':tsx¿ cg'jfb ePsf b]lvG5g\ . uf]/vf efiff k|sflzgL ;ldlt -!(&)_ v8f ePkl5 kf7Øk':tssf nflu cg'jfb u/fpg] k/Dk/fsf] yfngL ePsf] b]lvG5 . o;}u/L !((@ ;fndf @$ k':ts of]hgf agfP/ s]xL cg'jfb k':tsx¿ tof/ eP . tL k':ts ;+:s[t / c+u|]hLaf6 cg'jfb ePsf lyP . tL ‘z]S;lko/ syf ;+u|x’, ‘;n{S; xf]D;’, ‘:jKgjf;jbQf’, ‘z/b u|GyfjnL’, ‘u|L; / /f]dsf] bGTosyf’, ‘k|l;4 k|jGw ;+u|x’, ‘Jofkf/ lzIff’, ‘g]kf]lnogsf] hLjgL’, ‘:of08kmf]8{ / d6{g’, ‘cle1fg zfs'Gtn’, ‘lzIff’, ‘O{zfjf:of]klgifb’, ‘pkb]z zts’, ‘d]3b"tR5fof’ cflb x'g\ . rf}aL; k':ts k|sfzg of]hgf cGtu{t uf]bQdfg aLPn] ‘:of08kmf]8{ / d6{g’ cg'jfb ug'{ePsf] 5 eg] kfy{dl0f cfbLn] ‘z]S;lko/ syf ;+u|x’ !=

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jfªdosf ljljw ljwfdf s'zntfk"j{s snd rnfpg ;Sg] ;fdYo{ ePsf ;lqmo ;|i6fx¿ g]kfndf lgs} sd 5g\ . g]kfnsf] ;flxlTos kmfF6sf ax'd'vL k|ltefzfnL ;h{ssf ¿kdf :yflkt Pp6f clj:d/0fLo gfd xf]–/d]z ljsn . syf, pkGof;, gf6s, lgaGw, ofqf ;flxTo, afn ;flxTo, cfTd;+:d/0f, JoË\o lgaGw, lrqsnf, cg'jfb ;d]tu/L clxn];Dd %! eGbf a9L s[ltx¿ k|sflzt ePsf /d]z ljsn g]kfnL cfVofg ;flxTodf t r'lnPs} JolQmTjdf ulgg'x'G5 . /d]z ljsnsf] !! cf}F :d[lt lbj;sf] cj;/ kf/]/ pxfFsf] gfddf sf7df8f}+sf] cf?af/Ldf :yflkt ‘/d]z ljsn ;ªu|xfno’ ejgsf] k'; !$ ut] ;+:s[lt, ko{6g tyf gful/s p8\8og dGqL /jLGb| clwsf/Ln] Ps ;df/f]xaLr pb\3f6g ug'{eof] . /d]z ljsnn] cfˆgf] ;lqmo hLJfg JotLt ug'{ ePsf] 3/ / hUuf ‘/d]z ljsn ;flxTo k|lti7fg’nfO{ k|bfg ug]{ lg0f{o cfˆgf] hLjgsfnd} ug'{ePsf] lyof] . cfˆgf k|sflzt s[ltx¿af6 k|fKt n]vs:j ;d]t k|lti7fg ;~rfngsf nflu k|fKt x'g] Joj:yf pxfFn] ul/lbg'ePsf] lyof] . lktfsf] o:tf] OR5f ;fsf/ kfg{ pxfFsf ;Gtltn] klg ;xif{ ;fy lbP . ;+u|xfnodf /d]z ljsnn] k|of]u u/]sf j:t'x¿, pxfFsf k':tsx¿, pxfFsf] hLjgz}nL emNsg] kl/rofTds ;fdu|Lx¿, pxfFn] k|fKt ug'{ePsf ;Ddfg–k'/:sf/sf /ht / tfd|kqx¿, pxfFn] agfpg'ePsf lrqx¿ ;+slnt 5g\ . /d]z ljsnsf] ;[hgf hLJfg / sd{sf] hfgsf/L lbg of] ;+u|xfno ;Ifd /xg] ljZjf; ug{ ;lsG5 . ;+u|xfnodf /flvPsf] /d]z ljsnsf] k"0f{ sbsf] 8dL ljz]if cfsif{0fsf] s]Gb| /x]sf] 5 . o; ;+u|xfnonfO{ ;flxlTos ko{6sLo uGtJo:ynsf ¿kdf ljsf; ub}{ ;|i6fsf k|fKt x'g] afFsL ;fdu|Lx¿;d]t ;+sng ub}{ /fli6«o ;+u|xfnos} ¿k lbg ;lsPdf To;af6 ljBfyL{, kf7s, ;flxTosf/, ;flxTok|]dL, cGj]ifs nufot efjL k':tfn] ;d]t oyf]lrt nfe lng ;Sg] s'/fdf z+sf 5}g . ;+u|xfnosf] otftkm{ plrt Wofg k'Ug ;s] Tof] ;sf/fTds x'g] b]lvG5 . k|wfgdGqLn] dxfslj nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6fsf] 3/nfO{ ;+u|xfno agfpg] 3f]if0ff u/] klg To; sfo{n] d"t{ ¿k lng ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . dxfsljsf] 3/nfO{ pko'Qm d"No lt/]/ ;/sf/n] lsGg] / ToxfF ‘b]jsf]6f ;+u|xfno’ :yfkgf ug]{ lg0f{o ;/sf/n] u/]sf] 5. t/ o;sf lgldQ b]jsf]6fsf xsjfnf 78 ÷ /rgf

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