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oL ;a} lrh b]Vbf HjfO{+ klg b+u eP ;;'/fnL cfPsf] uf}/j nfUof] . uLtf sfsL ef}hL ToxL efG5fsf] s'gfdf a;]/ HjfFO{+n] ?k}ofFsf] t?jf vfFbf s:tf] lqmofsnfk unf{g\ egL x]g{ a;]sL lyOg\ . HjfFOsf] yfndf ?k}ofFsf] t?jf t/ dgf]hsf] yfndf eg] lyPg . t?jf vfFb} hfFbf HjfFO klg dVv. ltnsf]/sf] kQfsf] t?jf gvfPsf] w]/} ePsf] lyof] . pgnfO{ cfgGb nfUof] xfF:g yfn] k'/fgf lbgsf ;Demgfn]. o:t}df ?k}ofFsf] t?jf d'vdf xfNg] ljlQs} s/fSs u¥of] bfFt} efFlRRfPnf h:tf] of] b]v]/ uLtf ef}hL lvTsf 5f]8]/ xfF:g yflng\ . HjfFO{+ klg b'v] klg gb'v] h:tf] u/L xfF:g yfn] . pgnfO{ P]n]sf] 36gf / klxn]sf] ;Demgfn] dbxf]z agfOlbof] . yfnsf] k"/} vfgf :jfb lnO{ lnO{ HjfFO{+n] vfP . r'7\g] a]nfdf nf]6fdf kfgL lnO{ uLtf slgofF pleOg\ . 18 ÷ /rgf

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ha HjfFO]n] s'Nnf ug{ kfgL d'vdf xfn]t /+u 3f]n]sf] kfgL /}5 d'v g} /ftf] eof] . HjfO{+ ef}hfO{ b'j} xfF;] km]l/ ;kmf kfgL, ;fa'g NofP/ lbOg\ . ;a}n] of] x;]pnL Vofn 7§fsf] cfgGb lnP . vfg vfP/ HjfFO{+ ca cf/fd ug{ vf6df uP . ToxL ;dodf dgf]h legfh'sf] uf]8f ldRg yfNof] . HjfO{+nfO{ :juL{o cfgGb k|fKtL eof] . ;;'/fnLsf] cfgGbdf dL7f] lgb|f klg nfUof] . #=$ ah]lt/ xn'jf, cfn'sf] e'lhof tof/L eof], HjfO{+nfO{ v'jfOof] .

( (*$$)%#^#$ à /fgLkf6L

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ca HjfO{+sf] ljbf x'g] a]nf eof] . ozf]bfsfsLsf] dg ef/L x'g yfNof] . cfh !) jif{kl5 HjfO{+ cfPsf Ps /ft klg ;;'/fnL ga;L kmls{g yfn]sf 5g\ . t}klg ljbf t ug]}{ k¥of] . xftdf /ftf] 6Lsf, sk8f, ?k}ofF, a]6Lsf] lglDt Ps ;]6 sk8f, HjfFO{+nfO{ klg Ps hf]/ sk8f lnP/ ?Fb}?+b} ljbf ug{ yflng\ . ha aflx/ hfg yfn] uLtf ef}hLn] nf]6fdf /+u xfn]sf] kfgL lnP/ HjfO{+nfO{+ 5ls{ lbOg\ . HjfO{+sf sk8fdf /ftf] /+un] a'§f el/lbof] . cfˆgf kl/jf/ Oi6 ldq eP/ HjfO{+nfO{ a; r9fP/ ljbf ul/g\ . HjfO{+sf xftdf !))) ?k}ofF klg lbOg\ / 3/ kmls{g\ . pgnfO{ ;Gtf]if nfu]sf] 5 . ozf]bf sfsLn] h] h;/L ePklg cfˆgf ;a} ;+:sf/ cg';f/ cfˆgf] HjfO{+sf] ;Tsf/ / ;]jf ug{df s'g} q'6L ul/gg\ . cfˆgf] ufpF ;dfh cg';f/sf] :jfut ;Tsf/ ;a} ul/g\ . pgsf HjfO{+ klg v'zL x'b} labf eP . od'gf rfrL klg ;Gt'i6 eOg\ .

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nIdLk"hfsf] lbg ahf/af6 kms]{/ 3/ k'Ubf p;sL >LdtLn] p;nfO{ lrofsf] lunf; lbP/ p;sf] xftaf6 emf]nf lnP/ vf]tNg yflng\ . z'¿df t pgL bËg} b]lvlGyg\ t/ PSsf;L lrRofpg yflng\ æPlQsf d}gaQL lsg NofPsf], w]/} afNb}df nIdLn] wgsf] jiff{ g} ul5{g\ ls Sof xf] Û clg km]l/ of] ;a} d}n] g} afNg'kg]{ xf]nf, s] s] dfq ug'{ Û rflxg] hlt dfq NofPsf] eP eOxfNYof] lg, kmh"n vr{ dfq ÛÆ >LdtLsf] s'/f ;'g]/ p;n] zfGt x'Fb} eGof], ærflxPhlt dfq afn]/ c¿ 3/d} /fv] t e}uof] lg, lau|]/ hfG5 / Û km]l/ a]nfa]nfdf x'g] nf]8z]l8ªdf klg s]xL e/y]u eOxfN5 lg, gq csf]{ ;fn lsGg} kb}{g . d}n] t Tof] af6f]df pleP/ of] d}gaQL a]Rg]sf] 3/df b'O6f dfq ePklg nIdLk"hfsf] lbof] anf];\ eg]/ klg olQsf lslglbPsf] lg ÛÆ

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;Lwf cufl8 b]lvg] cUnf] 8fF8f clg tn x]bf{ cfª l;l/Ë x'g] eL/ . pgL ToxL cK7]/f] 7fpFdf pleP/ dgdf s'/f v]nfpFb} lyOg\, æ;fFRr} cfTdxTof d]/f] ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg xf] t < csf]{ ljsNk klg t s]xL 5}g . d gf/L x'g'sf] clezfk nfUof] of d o; wtL{df cfpg' unt eof] < cflv/ lsg eujfg olt lgb{oL ag]sf 5g\ d dfly < ca ;lSbg ;xg, x] eujfg Û d cfpFb} 5' ltd|f] cfFugdf pt} ax; ug]{ 5' .Æ olt ud]kl5 pgL Tof] cUnf] kxf8af6 kmfn xfNg cfˆgf kfOnf xfjfdf 5f]8\l5g\ . t/ s;}n] k5fl8af6 pgnfO{ ;dfpF5 / tfg]/ Ps emfk8 lxsf{pF5 . pgL ?Fb} e'O{+df yrSs al:5g\ . Tof] cGhfg JolQm pgnfO{ x]b}{ ;DemfpF5, æolt ;'Gb/ hLjg, Ps k6s dfq kfOg] hLjg o;/L kxf8af6 xfDkmfn]/ vr{g tkfO{+nfO{ slQ klg cK7]/f] nfu]g <Æ pgL Ps xftn] cfF;' k'5\b} Tof] ckl/lrt dfG5]nfO{ Psxf]/f] x]l//xlG5g\ clg cfkm"nfO{ ;DffNb} elG5g\, æd]/f] nflu ;'Gb/ eP lg c¿sf nflu af]em eof] of] hLjg . tkfO{+nfO{ lrGg ;lsg lg ÛÆ Tof] ckl/lrt dfG5] yf]/} eml:sof], æd zx/af6 cfPsf] xf] ufpFsf] :jf:Yo rf}sLdf vl6P/ . s] d hfGg ;S5' tkfO{+n] cflv/ cfTdxTof g} lsg ug{ vf]Hg' eof] <Æ pgL la:tf/} p7]/ cfˆgf] hLjgsf] a]nLla:tf/ nufpFl5g\ . æPp6f ;fdfGo kl/jf/df hGd]/ 5f]/L x'g'sf] ;hfo :j¿k x]lkP/ a9]sL d w]/} k9\g] /x/ x'Fbfx'b} klg !^ jif{ gk'Ub} lax]sf] r]k'jfdf k/]+ . dnfO s] yfxf lax] s] xf] < >Ldfg s] xf] < ;f;' ;;'/f s] xf] < t/ ;a} :jLsf/ ug'{ afx]s d;Fu s'g} ljsNk lyPg . >Ldfg /fIf; eGbf sd lyPg . laxfg b]lv a]n'sf ;Dd /S;Lsf] gzfdf em'Dg] clg /ftL cf]5\ofgdf d]/f] anfTsf/ ug'{ afx]s p:fsf] c¿ s]xL sfd lyPg . ;f;' ;;'/f p;sf ;a} uNtL n'sfpgdf lgk'0f lyP . d]/f dfOtL kIfsf ;a} hgf 5f]/Lsf] sd{ o:t} xf], ;xg' k5{ eGy] . d]/f] kL8f a'em\b}gy] . Pslbg /ftL ca]/;Dd klg >Ldfg 3/ gcfpFbf dnfO 8/ nfUof] s]xL t ePg eg]/ . ef]lnkN6 laxfg} yfxf eof], /ftL /S;Lsf] dftdf oxL eL/af6 n8]5 . p Tof] vfN8f]df nf; e]l6of] . clg t d ;dfhsf] sfF9f ePF . af]S;Lsf] cf/f]k nfUof] d dfly . r'/f kf]t] kmflnPsf] ;]tf] ;f/Ldf ;lhPsL d PSnL] ePF t/ s;}n] d]/f] kL8f a'em]gg\ . hGdbf g} a'afn] 5f]/L kf] hGdL x\of eg]/ d'v v'DRofP b]lv cfh ;Dd d}n] s'g} kn k"0ff{Í – !%&

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* meambikaadhikar@gmail.com

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v';L kfpg ;lsgF . ca tkfO{+ cfkm} eGg';\ d s:sf nflu / lsg afr'F t < Tof] ckl/lrt dfG5]n] pgsf] uxel/ cfF;' el/Psf tL gog x]g{ ;s]g, pm cfkm} cfF;' emfg{ yfNof], ætkfO{+sf] j]bgf / kL8fn] d]/f] g} cfª l;l/Ë agfof] . t/ cfTdxTof ;d:of ;dfwfsf] af6f] sbflk x'g ;Sb}g . cfkm"nfO{ bx|f] agfpg';\, sdhf]/ x'g glbg';\ cfkm"nfO{ . tkfO{+ cfˆgf] hLjgsf] x/]s lg0f{o lng :jtGq x'g'x'G5 / x'g'k5{ klg . ToxL cg';f/ cl3 a9\g';\ . Psn dlxnf x'g' >fk x}g . hLjg hLpg nf]Ug] egfpbf] k'?if g} rflxG5 eGg] lg 5}g . lx8\gf];\ d tkfO{+nfO{ 3/ ;Dd k''¥ofOlbG5' .Æ Tof] ckl/lrt dfG5]nfO{ af6f] b]vfpb} 3/;Dd nlug\ . 3/ k'Ubf cfFugel/ dfG5]x¿sf] eL8 g} nflu;s]sf] lyof] . ToxL eL8df ePsL pgsL ;f;' emls{g\, æn x]g'{;\ ufpFn] xf], ca gf7f] lnP/ cfO{ o;nfO{ ca d of] 3/df /fVg ;lSbg . clg ;f;'sf] s'/fnfO{ cf8 lbb} ;;'/f klg af]n], æc¿ c¿;Fu n7fl/g /}5 / kf] d]/f] 5f]/fnfO{ df/L .Æ ufpFn]x¿ ugugfpg yfn], eGg yfn] ca of] cfOdfOnfO{ of] ufpFaf6 nv]6\g'k5{ . lz/ lgx'/fP/ ?Fb} ;a} ;'g]sL pgL yrSs e'OFdf 3'F8fn] 6]s]/ al:5g\ . Tof] ckl/lrt JolQmnfO{ of] ;a} ;xg ePsf] lyPg . pm aLrdf pleP/ w]/} ;Demfof] ;a}nfO{ t/ sf]xL ;'Gg] jfnf lyPgg\ . Pshgf a'h|'sn] KofRr d'v vf]n], æolb ltDnfO{ olt g} lk/nf] 5 of] af]S;Lsf] eg] cfkm}n] lax] u/]/ /fv oxL ufpFdf a:g ;S5f} <Æ p:n] Ps/lQ s]xL ;f]r]g clg pgsf] skfndf l;p/]sf] lkg lems]/ xftaf6 /ut lgsfNof] / Tof] phf8 l;pFbf] /utn] el/lbof] . ;f/f ufpFn] lgMzAb eP . p;n] pgnfO{ p7fP/ ;dfof] clg lrRofof], æb'lgofFdf dfgjtf cem} afFsL 5 en} tkfO{+x¿ bfgj ePklg ÛÆ

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dxfslj nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6f ljnIf0f / ax'd'vL k|ltefsf clåtLo pbfx/0f x'g\ g]kfnL ;flxTodf . To;f] t pgsf af/]df / s[ltsf af/]df cfh;Dd cgluGtL n]v /rgfx¿ n]lvPsf 5g\ . pgL / pgsf s[ltsf af/]df ;fdfGo a'emfOsf dflg;n] s]xL n]Vg vf]Hg' eg]sf] dxf;fu/af6 s]xL cFh'nL kfgL p7fP/ k'gM dxf;fu/d} vGofpg' h:tf] s'/f xf] . o;y{ o; ;+lIfKt n]vdf pgL / pgsf s[ltx¿af/] ljz]if 5nkmn ug{] s'g} p2]Zo g/x]sf] a]xf]/f kf7sx¿ ;dIf cg'/f]w ub{} o:tf] ug{] cfkm"df Ifdtf klg gePsf] clu|d :jLsf/f]lQm hfx]/ ub{5' . k/Gt' pgL af/] s]xL o:tf ;Gbe{x¿ klg xf]nfg\ h'g xfd|f] ;dfhnfO{ st} o; eGbf cl3 g} atfOPsf] eP klg bf]xf]¥ofP/ n]Vbf To:tf] s'g} xfgL gf]S;fgL eg] eO{ gxfNnf eGg] 9f8;n] yf]/} s'/f n]Vg] hdsf{] u/]sf] x'F . b]jsf]6f cfw'lgs g]kfnL ;flxTonfO{ gofF df]8 / :j¿k lbg ;kmn Ps o'u lgdf{tf dfq xf]Ogg\ jfXo ;+;f/nfO{ g]kfn lrgfpg] ;flxlTos lje"lt klg x'g\ . tTsfnLg ;f]leot o'lgogsf] tf;sGbdf ePsf] ck|mf] Pl;ofnL n]vs ;+3sf] cGt/f{li6«o ;Dd]ngdf g]kfnL n]vsx¿sf] k|ltlglwTj pgsf] cu'jfOdf ePsf] lyof] . To; ;Dd]ngdf b]jsf]6fn] cfˆgf] ljnIf0f k|ltefsf] kl/ro o;/L lbP ls b'lgofFsf] d'vf/ljGbaf6 g]kfnnfO{ b]jsf]6fsf] b]z egL k'sfl/g yflnof] . b]jsf]6fl;t kl/lrt ?;L ljb'ifL 8f= n'8ldnf cfulggfn] dxfsljnfO{ hLjgdf b]v]sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ;'ufsf] pkflw lbPsL 5g\ eg] ljZjljVoft k|sf08 ljåfg /fx'n ;f+s[Tofogn] lxGbL ;flxTosf kGt, k|;fb / lg/fnfsf s'nof]u a/fa/ g]kfnsf Pshgf dxfslj b]jsf]6f x'g\ eg]sf 5g\ . k|s[ltsf dxfg k'hf/L b]jsf]6fnfO{ dfG5]n] c+u|]hLsf /f]DoflG6s sljx¿ j8{:fjy{ / lkaL z]nLl;t bfFh]sf 5g\ . t/ b]jsf]6f tL sltko eGbf km/s lyP . pgL hLjgsf x/]s tgfj / tf8gfsf afah"b cfˆg} hLjgz}nL / hLjgsd{sf k'hf/L /x] . Pp6} zAbdf eGg ;lsG5 pgL ct'ngLo lyP . ljwfut b[li6sf]0faf6 eg] klg pgL ax'ljwfdf tLa| ultdf snd rnfpg] k|v/ / l;4x:t JolQmTj lyP . o;nfO{ pgsf sfJo , v08sfJo, dxfsfJo, lgaGw / To;eGbf k/ cGo ljwfdf n]lvPsf s[ltx¿af6 :jtM k'li6 ug{ ;lsG5 . bLgxLg ef]sfgfª\uf / ;dfhdf cjx]lnt ;d'bfok|lt pgL cToGt ;Dj]bgzLn lyP . b'vLx¿ k|lt ;b}j bofjfg\ b]jsf]6f dfgjtfjfbL bz{gsf kIfkftL lyP . gf]an k'/:sf/ ljh]tf ljZjk|l;4 aª\ufnL ;flxTosf/ /jLGb|gfy 7fs'/n] em}+ ;dfhn] ;fgf] / c5"t hft eg]/ cjx]ngf ul/Psf ju{ / kfqnfO{ gfos / kfq agfO{ ;fdflhs Gofo u/]sf 5g\ . v]tfnf, uf]7fnf / lg/If/ dfG5]n] e§\ofpg] elgPsf em\ofp/] 5GbnfO{ ;flxTodf leq\ofP/ ;'gdf k"0ff{Í – !%&

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xfd|f] k'vf{n] Pp6f dflg;, dflg; aGg'df ;dfhsf] cx+ of]ubfg x'G5 / p;n] cfˆgf] hLjgdf Tof] C0f ltg'{k5{ eg]sf 5g\ . Tof] st{Joefjgfn] clek|]l/t eP/ g]kfnL efiffdf /fdfo0f n]v]sf] x'g'k5{ . efg'eQmsf] /fdfo0f n]lvg' / nf]slk|o x'g'df g]kfnLefifLn] Jofks tj/df :jLsf/ ug'{ g} xf] . of] 5flkg'eGbf klxnf g} d'v–d'v} b]zleq / aflx/sf g]kfnLx¿aLr nf]slk|o eO;s]sf] lyof] . nf]slk|o / ;j{:jLsfo{ eO;s]kl5 pgL lat]sf] bzsf}+ kl5 df]tL/fdn] vf]h]/ 5kfPsf x'g\ . efg'eQmeGbf klxn] / kl5 klg o; b]zdf ljleGg efiffdf ljleGg slj eP . ltgsf] n]vfO{ /fd|f] / tL k|ltefzfnL klg lyP . t/ efg'eQmn] h:tf] nf]ssf] :jLsfo{tfsf] pFrfO ltgn] k|fKt ug{ ;s]gg\ . o;sf nflu efg'eQmk|lt uf}/j ug'{k5{ . s'g} klg slj, s'g} klg ;flxTosf/ tfgfzfx x'g ;St}g . p :jLsfo{ cyjf c:jLsfo{ dfq x'g;S5 . :jLsfo{tf g} p;sf] zlQm xf] . kf7snfO{ dg gk/]sf], 7Ls gnfu]sf] slj, ;flxTosf/ c:jLsfo{ x'G5 / 5]p nfU5 . :jLsf/ ug]{ gug]{ nf]ssf] s'/f xf] . :jLsfo{tf s;}n] nfb]/ nflbg] s'/f xf]Og . 7LsnfU5 eg] :jLsfg]{, gq 5fl8lbg] clwsf/ kf7sdf 5 . h'g;'s} /rgfn] klg To; ;dosf] jt{dfg af]n]sf] x'G5 . rng, dfGotf kl/jt{g eO{ g} /xG5— efg'eQmsf] ;dfheGbf cfhsf] ;dfhsf] dfGotf km/s 5 . cfh xfdLn] c+uLsf/ u/]sf s}of}+ dfGotfnfO{ ef]lnsf] ;dfhn] c:jLsf/ u5{, o;}sf] gfd kl/jt{g xf] . ;dfh cufl8 a9\b} hfFbf o:tf] x'g' :jfefljs} s'/f xf] . dxfslj nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6fn] eg]sf 5g\, æefg'eQm k9]/ xfd|f] lzIff k|f/De x'G5 / pgnfO{ x]nf u/]/ ;dfKt x'G5 .Æ P3f/f}+ ztfAbLsf dxfslj sNx0fn] eg]sf 5g\, æb'h{gx¿ /fd|f] s[ltsf] cfgGb lng 5f]8]/ To;df bf]if vf]Hg dl/xQ] u/]/ nflu k5{g\ .Æ efg'eQm jfFr]sf] ;dodf ljåfgx¿ ;+:s[tdf n]Vg]nfO{ dfq pRr 7fGy] . g]kfnLdf n]Vg' pgLx¿sf b[li6df lglGbt x'g', tn kg'{, cof]Uo 7xl/g' x'GYof] . ;+:s[tsf c;n 1ftf efg'eQmn] t}klg g]kfnLd} n]v] . pgsf] /fdfo0fn] g]kfnL ;dfhdf klxnf]kN6 cfˆgf] efiffk|lt / To;sf] :jfdL ePafkt cfkm}+k|lt uf}/jefj pTkGg u¥of] . cfh, b]zsf cGo h'Ogfx¿ v's'lng vf]h]sf] cj:yfdf klg pgsf] /fdfo0fn] eflifs ¿kdf afFw]sf] …/fi6«Ú sf] h'Ogf] v's'lnPsf] 5}g . efg'eQmsf] efiff ;/n, ;xh / :jfefljs 5 . efg'eQm 7]6 g]kfnL zAb / z}nL k|of]u u5{g\ . pgsf laDj / k|tLs hLjGt x'G5g\, :jfefljs x'G5g\, g]kfnL hLjg–hut;Fu ufFl;Psf x'G5g\ . pgn] nf]sdf k|rlnt efiffnfO{ lz/f]k/ u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfnL efiffsf] ;f}Gbo{, nflnTo / ;fdYo{ pgn] a8f] /fd|/L pb\3fl6t u/]sf 5g\ . k"0ff{Í – !%&

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nf]sJojxf/df leh]sf] efiff g} ;j{:jLsfo{ x'G5 / efg'n] efiffsf] k|f0fzlQm glauf/L ljgd|tf;fy lz/f]k/ u/]sf lyP . g]kfnL efiffn] d}lynL, cjwL, ef]hk'/L, alHhsf, g]jf/L, /fO{, lnDa", tfdfª, du/, z]kf{, u'?ª cflb /fli6«o efiffx¿af6 zAb lnPsf] 5 . ;aeGbf 7"nf] s'/f t tL zAbx¿sf] cfjZostf efiffdf ld7f; Nofpgsf] nflu xf] . cfuGt's zAbsf] agfj6 / efjsf] /Iff ug'{ k5{, /Iff ug'{sf] ;f6f] tf]8 kmf]8 ul/bf To;df ePsf] ;To ;dfKt x'G5 . To;f] ug]{ sfo{ efiffdf ljif 3f]Ng' g} xf] . Tof] a]OdfgL xf] . O{dfgbf/L oyfy{eGbf otfptL hfg ;Sb}g . efg'eQmn] g]kfnL efiffnfO{ g]kfnLaLr efjgfTds PsLs/0fsf] dfWod agfP . o;af6 g]kfnL efiff ;d[4 / ;j{:jLsfo{ aGb} cfof] . efg'eQmsf] oyfy{ eGbf pgnfO{ ehfP/ b'gf] ;f]‰ofpg]sf] ;f]/ rsf]{ kfOPsf] 5 . efg'eQmnfO{ ehfP/ efiffdf ljif 3f]Ng] v]n kmf]x/L xf], 3LgnfUbf] jLeT; xf] . o:tf] sfo{n] efg'eQmsf] b]g ;dfKt kfb{5 . efiffdf v]njf8 / efg'nfO{ b]jTj s/0f cfbz{ xf] . lsgeg] cfbz{ km/]a xf], o;n] axsfpF5 . O{dfgbf/Ln] zfGtL lbG5 of] ;To xf] . cfjZostf eg]sf] efiff /Iffsf] xf] of] a]OdfgL dflysf] k|xf/ klg xf] . dL7f] :jfbdf ljif 3f]lnPsf] x'G5, lsgeg] cfjZostf tLt} ePklg ;Tosf] 5 . ;j{k|yd cGo efiffaf6 cfPsf / cfpg] zAbsf] :jfut / ;Ddfg ug'{k5{ . g]kfnL efiffnfO{ o;sf] ;xh :jfefljs ultdf cl3 a9\g lbg'k5{ . lzIffsf] dfWod d"ntM g]kfnL efiff g} x'g'k5{ . ;/sf/L, u}/;/sf/L / lghL If]qsf] hfuL/ vfg kbcg'¿k g]kfnL efiffsf] lglZrt of]Uotf xfl;n u/]sf] x'g'kg]{ Joj:yf ug'{k5{ . ;a} If]qsf ;Dk"0f{ clen]v, k|ltj]bg / sfuhkqx¿ d"n ¿kdf g]kfnLd} n]lvg'k5{ . /fli6«o tx;Ddsf ;a} sfo{qmd g]kfnLdf ;~rfng ug]{ kl/kf6L cFufNg'k5{ . kf7Øqmd, gDj/ Kn]6nufot s'g} klg :yfgaf6 v'DRofP/ g]kfnLnfO{ g]kfnleq} cjf~5gLo t'Nofpg] if8oGq aGb ug'{k5{ . g]kfnL efiffnfO{ cj;/, /f]huf/L / ;d'Ggltsf] afxs agfOg'k5{ . ta dfq g]kfnL efiffn] plrt ;Ddfg kfpFg]5 . k|Zg p7\g ;S5 s;/L ;kmntfk"j{s / uf}/jk"j{s o:tf] sbd rfNg ;lsG5 . of] nfu" ug{ ;Sg' g} efiff / efg'sf] ;Ddfgsf] dlxdf xf] . t/ of] sfo{ k|rf/df dfq ;Lldt x'g' ePg . efg'eQmn] h] u/] dxfg sfo{ u/] cfh pgsf] sfo{sf] k|z+;f ug'{ :jfefljs xf] . lxhf]sf] /fd|f] sfo{sf] cfh ;Ddfg ug'{ eg]sf] ef]lnn] cfhsf] /fd|f] sfo{sf] ;Ddfg ug]{ lylt a;fNg' g} xf] . o; g]kfnL efiffnfO{ ;xh, :jfefljs ultdf cl3 a9\g lbg' eg]sf] klg t k|ult xf] . efiff dfly rnv]n ug]{nfO{ xtf]T;flxt agfpg' cfjZos 5. efg'eQmsf] tgx'Fl:yt 3/ …lzv/ s6]/LÚ sf] k'gMlgdf{0f, efg' hGd:yn;Dd k'Ug ;xh af6f], efg'sf s[ltsf] j[xt\ u|Gysf] k|sfzg ug{ ;s] c´ ;'Gb/ x'g] lyof] . g]kfnLn] efg'eQmnfO{ k5fl8dfq lrGg yfn]sf] xf] . 30 ÷ /rgf

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cfh h;/L efg'eQmsf] gfddf sfo{qmdx¿ eO/x]sf 5g\ oltsf] xf]nf eg]/ df]tL/fd e§n] klg cjZo ;f]r]sf lyPgg\ . o;sf/0f efg'sf] ;Ddfgdfq xf]Og oyfy{ klg vf]tNg z'¿ ug'{ k5{ . dLy agfOg' x'b}g oyfy{ vf]Hg] st{Jo kfng u/]/ efg'nfO{ kljq kfl/g'k5{ . k|ult hlxn] klg g}ltsdf c8]sf] x'G5 . ;flxlTos ;+:yf dof{bfsf] ;+:yf xf] / logLx¿sf] ;+/If0f k|ultsf] 7"nf] nIf0f xf] . ;/sf/sf] Jojxf/ sfvf / kfvfsf] x'g'x'Fb}g . efg'eQmsf] oyfy{ k|s[lt vf]Hg' cfjZos ePsf] 5 . efg'eQmsf] af/]df jif{sf] PsxKtf d]nf rnfP/ dfq x'b}g . lxhf] sNkgfsf] hnk nufP/ efg'nfO{ agfpg';Ddsf] lj¿k agfOof], oyfy{b]lv 6f9f k'¥ofOof] cfh oyfy{ vf]Hg] ;do cfPsf] 5. efg'eQmnfO{ df]tL/fdn] lrgfPsf x'g\ / efg'sf] d[To' x'Fbf df]tL/fd tLg aif{sf lyP / 6's'6's' lx8\b} lyP . efg'eQm hLljt x'Fbf nf]ssf] df}lvs k|z+;f pgn] kfP xf]nfg\ t/ pgsfaf/] s;}n] s]xL n]v]gg\, Toltv]/sf] kl/j]z g} To:t} lyof] . cfh pgsf s[ltdfly s]xL ax; x'g yfn]sf] 5 . pgnfO{ kl08t] slj, pRrslj, cfbz{ slj eGg]b]lv lnP/ pgsf] gf/L b[li6sf]0fsf cfwf/df ;Qf];/fk ug]{ klg 5g\ . g]kfnL ;dfnf]rgfdf efg'eQmsf s[ltdfly hlt uxg, uDeL/ / t'ngfTds ;dfnf]rgf x'g'kg]{ xf], Tof] x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . ;fdfGo ;dLIff efg'eQmdfly w]/} eP t/ ulx/fOleq sd}n] k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ ctM efg'eQmsf s[ltdfly uxg, k|fl1s ax; x'g cfjZos 5 . efg'eQmnfO{ cWofTdlt/ clek|]l/t ug]{ u|Gy k"jL{o j]bfGt bz{gsf u'?u|Gy g} x'g\ . efg'eQmsf] cf:yf / >4f pgsf] cjd"Nog / clwd"NogeGbf w]/} dfly 5 . efg'eQmsf /rgfnfO{ ca k/Dkl/t b[li6n] ;dfnf]rgf u/]/ x'Fb}g / k|fyldssfnLg /fdelQmwf/fsf s]Gb|Lo slj x'g\ jf cflbslj x'g\ eGg] /6fg nufP/dfq k'Ub}g . pgsf /rgfsf] ulx/f] d"Nofª\sg ubf{ cfhsf cfFvfn] x]/]/ xf]Og, tTsfnLg ;dosf ;fk]Iftfdf ug'{k5{ . cfh pgsf /rgfsf] tTsfnLg / Ptt\sfnLg d"Nosf] vf]hL cfhsf] ck]Iff xf] . u'0fbz{g / bf]ifbz{g eGbfdfly p7]/ efg'eQmsf /rgfsf], pgsf eflifs of]ubfgsf], pgsf ;flxlTos of]ubfgsf] / tHhGo g]kfnL ;f+:s[lts tyf PsfTds efjsf of]ubfgsf] j:t'ut Pjd\ j:t'lgi7 of]ubfgsf] d"No lg¿k0f ug'{ cfhsf] cfjZostf xf] . eflifs, ;flxlTos tyf g]kfnL hftLo ;f+:s[lts PsLs/0fdf efg'eQmsf] h'g dxgLo of]ubfg 5, To;sf] d"Nofª\sg klg cfhsf] cfjZostf xf] . efg'eQmn] sxL+ Jof; / jfNdLlsnfO{ cfbz{ dfg]sf 5g\, sxLF z+s/frfo{nfO{ cfbz{ dfg]sf 5g\ . efg'eQmsf /rgfsf] ;fdfGoLs[t cWoog xf]Og ljlzi6Ls[t cWoogaf6 dfq ck|sflzt / ck|sl6t tYo aflx/ cfpF5g\ . ( (*$#^$@*^* à dWok'/ *, af]8], eQmk'/

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clj/n ¿kdf alu/xg] gbL h:tf] 5 of] hLjg, lg/Gt/ ultzLn, g slxNo} rf}tf/Ldf a;]/ cf/fd ug'{ 5, g slxNo} eGHofª\df k'u]/ lj>fd ug'{5 xb{d ultzLn 5, kxf8L gbLsf] kfgL h:t} alu/xG5 – lg/Gt/ ;nn Û ;d'b|df k'u]/ klg kfgLn] cfˆgf] ultzLn wd{ TofUb}g . ToxfF klg ;+3if{/t g} /xG5, s]xL ;do 5fnsf] ¿kdf, s]xL ;do jfkmsf] ¿kdf ;+3if{ u/]kl5 afbn ag]/ cfsfzdf p8\b5 / ;+3if{s} kmn:j¿k jif]{/ kfgL k'gM gbL d} k'Ub5 . o;/L kfgLn] hLjg ofqfsf] Ps kmGsf] nufpF5 t/ p;sf] ofqfsf] cGTo slxNo} x'Fb}g . gbLn] ;donfO{ k5\ofO/xG5, To;}n] gbL ;do xf], ;do alu/xg] gbL xf] / dfG5]sf] hLjg ToxL gbLdf aUg] kfgL xf] . kfgLh:t} d klg ;do;Fu sfFwdf sfFw ldnfP/ aUg yfn]sf] tLgjL; t]x| jif{ eP 5 . ;dosf] Ps ljGb'df kfOnf 6]s]kl5 hLjg¿kL dxfgbLdf d x]lnPF . clxn];Dd d]/f] hLjg ofqf hLjgsf] Tof] dxfgbLdf ;+3if{/t 5 . kfgLsf] /x aGg kfPsf] 5}g t/ 3/L3/L z/L/sf cjojx¿n] /x aGg] ;+s]t ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . d tLl;t n8\b} 5', ;+3if{ ub}{5', xf/ vfPsf] 5}g . dnfO{ yfxf 5 hLjgnfO{ hDg lbg x'Fb}g, kfgLsf] kf]v/L aGg lbg x'Fb}g . hLjg hDof] eg] jf /x aGof] eg] t lhpFb} dg{ ;S5 hLjg . d d]/f] hLjgnfO{ deGbf klxn] dg{ lbg rfxGg . d]/f] hLjgofqfsf] Ps kmGsf] slxn] k'Ug] xf] Tof] eg] pxL cb[Zo zlQm s} xftdf 5 . hLjg dxfgbLdf x]lnPkl5 d}n] slt 7f]Ss/ vfPF, slt xG8/ sf6]+, slt kxf8;Fu h'w]+, slt r§fg ;Fu n8]+, slt au/df 3;|]+, slt d}bfgdf nq]+, slt ¿v 9fn]+, slt e"ld eTsfPF, slt j:tL 8'afPF, cGo vf]nf / vx/]x¿sf] ;ª\utdf k/]/ d slt wldlnPF, slt ;ª\lnPF, clxn];Ddsf] hLjg ofqfdf d}n] slt ;'jfl;nf / slt l3gfxf sfd u/]+ To;sf] n]vfhf]vf u/\of] eg] t df]6} 7]nL aGg hfnf t/ clxn] d r/fsf] cfFvf ;fk6 lnP/ lat]sf] hLjg lrofpg vf]Hb} 5' . clxn] d ;DemG5', d]/f k'vf{sf] kl/>dk"0f{ hLjg, Tof] klg t gbL h:t} lgd{n lyof], gbLsf] kfgL h:t} ;lqmo lyof], sxL+ st} lj>fd lyPg . d'6'sf] 9's9'sL ;Fu;Fu} dfG5]sf sd]{lGb|ox¿ rNby] . d kfFr jif{sf] x'Fbf] x'F . afns[i0f ;dsf] syg cg';f/ afv|f kf7f ;fg]{;Ddsf] pd]/sf] . d}n] xh"/afnfO{ b]Vg kfOg . d}n] af cfdf / xh"/cfdfsf] hLjg b]v]+ . g cf/fd, g lj>fdsf] oGqjt\ Tof] hLjg . xh"/cfdfn] g} d]/f] :ofxf/;';f/ ug'{ eof], kfngkf]if0f ug'{eof], af]Ng l;sfpg' eof], lx+8\g 8'Ng l;sfpg' eof], cfk\mgf] 32 ÷ /rgf

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pks/0f, k|ljlw / k|fljlw1x¿ 5g\ . y/Ly/Lsf sDkgLx¿ /f]u lgbfgsf] nflu cf}iflw pTkfbg ug{df tNnLg 5g\ . clxn] hLjg ;'/lIft 5 . :yfgLo txdf pkrf/ x'g g;s] 7"nf zx/sf jf /fhwfgLsf 7"nf c:ktfnx¿ 5g\ . ToxfF klg pkrf/ ;Dej geP ljb]zdf 7"nf c:ktfnx¿ 5g\ . clxn] t k};f eof] eg] dfG5]n] cfo' g;lsP;Dd dg}{ kb}{g . t/ clxn] d oltv]/sf] x}g pltv]/sf] s'/f ug{ vf]Hb}5' . pltv]/ d ;fgf] 5Fbf d]/f] ufpFdf c:ktfn eg] klg 8fS6/ jf ljz]if1 h] eg]klg l5k'ª\sf Pshgf a/fn hLjf lyP . cf}iflwsf] gfddf pgn] hfg]sf s]xL h8La"6Lx¿ lyP . ;fgf]ltgf] /f]udf 3f]8tfk|]sf] kft rgf}6f]df lk;]/ d]/f] afn] klg r6fpg' x'GYof] . clxn] d a/fn hLafnfO{ emNemnL ;DemG5' . cxn]sf 7"nf 8fS6/ jf ljz]if1 eGbf sd xfd|f a/fn hLaf klg lyPgg\ . pgL /f]uLsf] 3/3/df k'Uby] / lj/fdLnfO{ cf}iflwd"nf] ub{y] / d[To'sf] d'vaf6 arfpFy] . pgn] pkrf/ u/]kl5 h] h:tf];'s} /f]u nfu]sf] ePtfklg /f]uL lgsf] e}xfNYof] . Ps k6s d # dxLgf;Dd ynf k/]+ od/fhn] dnfO{ cfwfaf6f] k'/\ofO ;s]sf] lyof] . l5d]sLx¿n] afF;sf] hf]xf] ul/;s]sf lyP t/ a/fn hLafn] od/fh;Fu n8]/ dnfO{ kmsf{P/ NofP . kl5 t od/fhn] a/fn hLaf;Fu Ifdf dfUof] afF;vf]Hg] l5d]sLx¿n] nfh dfg] . d]/f] ufpFdf a/fnhLaf kl5 /f]uLsf] /f]u lgbfg ug]{ olb sf]xL lyof] eg] Ps dfq O{Zj/ lyof] . To;}n] d clxn]sf 7"nf ;h{g jf lkmlhl;ogx¿nfO{eGbf a9L dfg ;Ddfg tL a/fn hLafnfO{ ub{5' . pltv]/ d]/f] ufpF ;fgf] lyof], To;sf] kl/j]z ;fFu'/f] lyof] . ufpFsf] kx'Fr aflx/L b'lgofF;Fu lyPg . clxn] eg] of] ljZj g} v'lDrP/ Pp6f ufpF h:t} ;fFu'/f] ePsf] 5 . d cd]l/sfdf kmn]sf] :ofp vfG5' . dfkmf{sf] :ofp ljb]z hfG5 . ;f]n'sf] rf}/L £o", rLh / 5'lk{, O{nfdsf] lrof, cn}rL / ;'7f] ljb]z hfG5 . To;}u/L ljZjsf] Ps s'gfaf6 csf]{ s'gf;Dd j:t'x¿sf] cf]x/bf]x/ e}/xG5 . pkef]Stfsf] nflu clxn] Pp6} ljZjahf/ ePsf] 5 . To;}sf/0f t l5d]sL ldqb]zn] gfsf aGb ul/lb+bf xfdL kfgL lagfsf] kf]v/Lsf] df5f h:tf] x'g' k/\of] . kfgLsf] d'xfg y'g]/ o'4 lhTg] bfp c+u|]hx¿n] l;sfPsf lyP . t/ clxn] PSsfO;f}+ ztfAbLdf klg To:t} pkfon] cfkm"n] rfx]sf] s'/f dgfpg ;lsG5 eGg] dfgl;stfn] ca sfd ub}{g eGg] s'/fsf] r]t xfd|f] l5d]sL leqb]znfO{ eof] ePg s'lGg eljion] atfpnf . of] ljZjahf/Ls/0fn] ljZj hg;d'bfodf hlt;'s} ;'ljwf k'/\ofPtf klg / o;af6 hlt;'s} kmfObf ePtf klg o;n] xfdLnfO{ k/lge{/ x'g l;sfPsf] 5 . xfdL emg emg k/lge{/tfsf] hfnf]df h]lnb} u}/x]sf 5f}+ . d ;fgf] 5Fbfsf] s'/f ug]{ xf] eg] b]z, ;dfh / JolSt Ps lsl;dn] cf–cfk\mgf] 7fpFdf cfTdlge{/ lyP . k|To]s kl/jf/n] g"g / dl§t]n afx]s cGo j:t' cfkm} pTkfbg ub{Yof] . sk8f klg ;Lldt dfqfdf cfoft x'GYof] b]zdf . ufpFufpFdf sk8fsf xft] tfgx¿ lyP . d}n] hfGbf;Dd ufpFdf pTkflbt 3/a'gfaf6 g} :jf:gLdfG5]sf kf]zfs u'lgof], rf]nf], k6'sf, 3n]s, 34 ÷ /rgf

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b}lgs krf; k|ltzt ;do cFWof/f]df a:g' o; b]zsf gful/ssf] lgolt ag]sf] 5 . d cfkm"nfO{ kl/>dL / kf}/vL k'vf{sf] ;Gtfg x'F eG5', jL/ k'vf{sf] ;Gtfg x'F eG5' . x'F klg To;} eg]sf] sxfF xf] / Û d]/f k'vf{n] dnfO{ klg kl/>d ug{ l;sfP, kf}/v ug{ l;sfP, jL/ x'g / c;n aGg klg l;sfP . d}n] klg pgsf] b]vfl;sL u/]/ kl/>d ug{ l;s]+ t/ kf}/v ug{ / jL/ x'g eg] ;lsg . d c;n aGg vf]h]+ t/ dnfO{ s;}n] c;n eg]g . d}n] hLjgdf lg/Gt/ ¿kdf ;dosf] lgd{n gbLdf aUg] k|0f u/]sf] lyPF ;bf;j{bf ;lqmo hLjg lhpg] k|0f u/]sf] lyPF t/ dnfO{ ;dosf] e]nn] x'TofP/ ulx/f] vfN6f]df nu]/ hfs]sf] 5 . clxn] d ToxL vfOdf cNem]/ a;]sf] dx;"; ub}{ 5' . To;}n] d]/f] hLjgsf] ult l:y/ h:t} 5 . d of] l:y/kgaf6 of] lgis[otfaf6, of] cN5L b'lgofFaf6 pDsg rfxG5' t/ dnfO{ kl/l:yltn] o;/L hs8]sf] 5 ls ToxfFaf6 km'Tsg ;ls/x]sf] 5}g . of] b]z xfFSg]x¿n] dnfO{ xfO{ sf9]/ a:g, emnf{ / vfpFnf eg]/ a:g, gfdL cN5L x'g / k/fjnDjL x'g l;sfP . ToxL l;sf] u/]/ d Ps gDj/sf] cN5L ePsf] /x]5' . csf{sf] d'v tfs]/ a:g] gfdL k/fjnDjL ePsf] /x]5' . lgisif{df d d]/f] b]zeGbf klg a9\tf k/lge{/ ePsf] /x]5' . d olt k/lge{/ ePsf] /x]5' ls cfkm"n] s]xL klg ug{ ;lSbg ;a}yf]s c¿n] ul/lbg' k5{ d]/f] z/L/ d]/f] lgoGq0fdf 5}g . pm x/]s s'/fdf k/lge{/tf vf]Hb}5 . d t ;w}Fel/ >LdtLdf lge{/ /x]5' . pgLljgf d s]xL klg ug{ ;lSbg . d cfk\mgf] kf]zfs b/fhaf6 lems]/ nfpg ;lSbg, cfk\mgf] df]hf vf]h]/ nfpg ;lSbg, cfkm} kfln; u/]/ h'Qf nfpg ;lSbg, cfk\mg} xftn] sf]6sf] 6fFs jf Hofs]6sf] r]g nfpg ;lSbg . cfkm} cf}iflw lems]/ vfg ;lSbg . pgsf] ;Nnfx / Ozf/fljgf d s]xL ug{ jf af]Ng ;lSbg . >LdtL ljgf t d s]xL klg ug{ ;lSbg . slxn]sfxLF t ljxfgsf] a]8 6L jf a|]skmf:6 vfPF jf vfOg, lbpF;f]sf] vfhf vfPF vfOg pg};Fu ;f]Wg' kg{] x'G5 . cr]n d cjsfz k|fKt uf]? h:t} nb\b' ePsf] 5' . lgb|fsf] uf]nL gvfO{ d /ftL ;'Tg ;lSbg . vfgf t d hlt klg vfg ;S5' t/ vfPsf] vfgf cfkm} krfpg ;lSbg, xhdf]nf rflxG5 Tolt eP/ klg d dn Tofu ug{ ;lSbg lqkmnf rflxG5 . k|f]:6]6 kfn]/ /fv]sf] 5', lkzfa TofUg klg lkmgf:6 / e]N6fd uf]nL rflxG5 . cr]n d}n] s]xL ug{ kb}{g, ;a}yf]s c¿n] g} ul/lbPsf x'G5g\ . d d]/f] b]zh:t} k/lge{/ aGb} u}/x]sf] 5' . ( (*%*)@$%)! à g]kfnu~h

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gf}hª u'?ªsf] 3/ kfv'/Lsf]6 xf] / d]/f] 3/ uf]h]{ xf] . k~rfotL Joj:yf nfu" ePkl5 pxfFsf] kfv'/Lsf]6 k~rfot / d]/f] uf]h]{ k~rfot b'O{ 5'§} k~rfot lyP . @)#@ ;fndf ndh'ªaf6 sf:sLdf cfPsf * k~rfot dWo] ndh'ªsf] l;dfgfdf /x]sf k~rfot xfd|} b'O{ k~rfot x'g\ . kl5 k~rfot 36fpFbf xfd|f b'O{ k~rfot hf]8]/ ldh'/] 8fF8f ufpF k~rfot agfOof] . k]ml/ kl5 k~rfotL ;Qf p8]kl5 k~rfot zAb x6fP/ ldh'/] 8fF8f ufpF ljsf; ;ldlt agfOof] . ;+ljwfg ;efsf] r'gfj eO{ gofF ;+ljwfg ag]/ nfu" x'Fbf dfbL ufpFkflnsf j8f g+=* / ( df xfd|f] If]q ;Lldt ePsf] 5 . sfg"gL ¿kdf h]h;f] eP klg Jofjxfl/s ¿kdf kfv'/Lsf]6 / uf]h]{ l5d]sL ufpF 5g\ . xfdL Ps csf{sf ghLs} 5f}+ . cf]Nnf] kNnf] ufpFdf cfjt–hfjt rN5, s'/fsfgL x'G5g\ . xfdL clxn] b'j} kf]v/fdf ePklg ufpFsf] l:ylt o:t} lsl;dsf] 5 . d kf]v/f gcfpFb} …kfv'/Lsf]6sf] lxdnfsf] efO gf}hªn] kf]v/fdf uO{ dx]Gb|k'ndf k;n rnfP/ a;]sf] 5Ú eGg] s'/f] s'/fsf k|;ª\udf sltkosf d'vaf6 ;'Gby]+ . gf}hª sf] xf] < s:tf] 5 < eGg] af/] dnfO{ s]xL hfgsf/L lyPg . kf]v/f cfP/ dx]Gb|k'nlt/ cf]xf]/–bf]xf]/ ug{ yfn]kl5 gf}hªsf] k;n kQf nfUof] . ;f]wvf]h lrgfhfgL ubf{ gf}hª kftnf] gvfg] r/f h:tf] x'g'x'bf] /x]5 . z/L/ x]/]/ ePg, z/L/leqsf] cfF6 / ;fx; alnof] /x]5 . To;}n] zxl/of x'g] af6f] a]nfd} vf]Hg' eP5 eGg] ;f]r]+ . k;ndf hfFbf pxfFsf kl/jf/;Fu klg kl/lrt ePF . pxfF kftnf] eP klg >LdtL Tolt kftnL x'g'x'Gg . lrKn] 9'ª\uflt/ cf]xf]/–bf]xf]/ ubf{ pxfF jf pxfFsL >LdtLnfO{ Tot} cf]xf]/–bf]xf]/ u/]sf] b]Vy+] . kl5 kQf nfUof] pxfFsf] 3/ lrKn]9'ª\uf jf la=kL= rf]ssf] pQ/L efudf leq /x]5 . gf}hªhLsf] k;n d}n] klxn] lrgf/L ubf{ hxfF lyof] clxn] klg ToxL+ 5 . d kf]v/f cfPsf] $) aif{ x'g nfUof] . dx]Gb|k'nsf] ;fd' klZrdlt/ /x]sf 3/df cfh klg pxfFsf] k;n rn]sf] 5 . klxnf–klxnf pxfF ;w}F g} k;ndf x'g'x'GYof] . kl5–kl5 pxfFsf] k;ndf a;fO kftlnb} uof] . cfhef]ln t pxfFnfO{ k;ndf b]Vg g} kfOFb}g . :6fkmx¿;Fu ;f]Wbf …pxfF 3/lt/ g} x'g'x'G5Ú elglbG5g\ . ;+of]un] cl:t rf/lbg klxn] kflnv]rf]s k'u]/ dx]Gb|k'nlt/ embf{ pxfFnfO{ k;nsf k]6Ldf aflx/ a;]sf] b]v]+ . gd:sf/ u/]/ xft ldnfPkl5 …tkfO+{nfO{ t cr]n k;ndf slxNo} b]lv+b}gÚ eg]+ . k;n :6fkmnfO{ 5f]8]/ k"0ff{Í – !%&

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ljho zAbf+z :kz{ x'gf;fy hf];'s}nfO{ ;kmntfsf] cfef; x'G5 . ;kmntf jf hLtsf] cy{af]wn] ljho zAb lk|o / cfgGbljef]/ x'g k'u]sf] xf] . ljhosf] lj/f;t eGgfn] k|lti7fsf] pRr cf}sftnfO{ k|:6\ofPsf] kfOG5 . ljhosf] lj/f;t k"j{jt\ ljhosf] ljzb\ rrf{, kl/rrf{ / sxfjt xf] . k|z+l;t hLtsf] /]vfª\sg xf] . ;kmntf jf sfo{l;l4sf] pRrtd ¿kdf lj/f;tn] zflAbs cljwfb]lv Jo~hgfTds cy{ axgdf gf}sf lvofPsf] x'G5 . oxL sf/0fn] ljhosf] lj/f;t zAb /fhgLltb]lv lnP/ ;j{JofkL k|of]udf 3'ngzLn aGg k'u]sf] 5 . ljho / lj/f;t /fhgLlt If]qsf] dfq kfl/eflifs zAbfjnL sbflk xf]Og . k|of]hgk/s cEof; / cy{axgdf ;j{q leHb} cGt/3'ng x'g k'u]sf] 5 . x'g t zAbx¿ cfk}m+df :yfgdfgsf e]bs / k|tLs x'b}gg\ . :t/Los[t dfgs k|fof]lus 5nfªdf juL{s/0f ug]{ sfo{ dfgj;Lks} rfFhf] kfFhf] xf] . zAbx¿ ;+/rgf / k|fof]lus e]udf ;j{AofkL zlQm / ;fdYo{ dflgG5g\ . ljhosf] ljzb\ s}/gdf stf{ jf ljhoLsf] dg, jrg / sd{jfbL nugsf] pTs[i6 ;+of]hg ePsf] x'G5 . sfo{df nLg sd{jfbLx¿ ;kmntfs} vflt/ sfo{ ;DkGg ub{5g\ . t/ cfzftLt ;kmntf jf ljho ;xh} k|fKt x'G5 eGg] 5}g . ;kmntf k|fKt eof] eg]/ sd{ ug{ 5f]l8b}g . a? sd{sf lgldQ s'zn ;Lk, 1fg, tf}/t/Lsfdf k'glj{rf/ / ;'wf/ ul/G5 . ljhosf] lj/f;tn] stf{, sd{ / lqmofnfO{ yk xf};nf e5{ . oxL sf/0fn] sd{jfbLx¿ cfˆgf] sfo{sf] nufddf bQlrQ / cg'/Qm aGg k'U5g\ . stf{sf] b[9 ;+sNk, ;dolgi7f / nugzLntfn] ljhosf] lj/f;t hf]ufpg pTk|]l/t u/]sf] x'G5 . ljhosf] lj/f;tn] JolQmut, kfl/jfl/s tyf ;fdflhs cg'zLngdf cg's/0fLo b[i6fGt yk]sf] x'G5 . ljhosf] lj/f;t :joddf nf]enfUbf] eP/ cl8Psf] x'G5 . t/ of] pTs[i6 eP/ ;xh} k|fKt eO/xg] ljifo xf]Og . ljho k|flKtsf] pTs[i6 nufdsf] ultzLn rfxgf :jod stf{df cljlht x'g' kb{5 . ljho jf ;kmntf k|lt tLa| cg'/fu eP/ dfq sfo{l;l4 ;DkGg x'g ;Sb}g . ljhosf] lj/f;t hf];'s}nfO{ lk|o / x[bo:kzfL{ nfU5 t/ lj/f;tsf] x}l;ot k':tf}gL x:tfGtl/t eO/xg] ;xh xftnfuL x'g] pkxf/ jf sf];]nL klg xf]Og . ljho tn–dfly, dfly–tn, bfofF–afofF / AffofF–bfofF eO/xG5 . ljhosf] >[ª\vnf Ps} vfnsf] dfq x'b}g . ljho;Fu} lj/f;tsf] ;'lsnf] 40 ÷ /rgf

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k|lti7f klg ljhos} pa8vfj8df k|efljt Pjd\ k|ltljlDjt x'g k'U5 . kl/jlt{t ;dosf] rf}3]/fdf x]lnb} ;d:ofsf ;s;df kf}+7]hf]/L v]Ng pBt x'g k'U5 . hLjg lgjf{xsf cgluGtL r/0fdf au|]NtL uhdf}/f x'G5g\ . ;a}vfn] afwf lj£g;Fu n'sfdf/L u/]/ sd{jfbL dfgjsf] kl/ro hf]ufO /fVg ;Sg' k5{ . ;d:ofsf c;/Nn rfªaf6 x6]/ xf]Og 86]/ ;fdgf ug{ ;Sg' g} ;+3if{do hLjg xf] . clg nugzLn nufj rflxG5 . tdfd b'af]{Wotf hl6ntf l5rf]Ng JolQmdf cys ;fx; ckl/xfo{ x'g' k5{ . olb w"ldn dfu{ lrqlt/} cNdlng yflnof] eg] lj/f;tsf] abnfdf knfogsf] P]+7gn] cndNofpg ;S5 . lj/f;tdf /dfpg rfxg] ljhoLn] stf{sf] ;kmf lrq0fdf PsnAo x'g' k5{ . sd{of]uL eP/ dfq klg ljhoL x'g ;lsb}g . sd{of]uL dWo]sf s'zn / bIf sd{of]uL ePsf cj:yfdf dfq ljhosf] ku/L lng ;lsG5 . k|fKt u/]sf] ljhonfO{ lj/f;tsf ¿kdf hLjGt agfpg ;Sg' emg} 7"nf] sfo{ xf] . lj/f;t hf]ufpg k':tf}gL k/Dk/fsf] /Lt yfDgsf nflu gofF jf g"tg lxDdt / ;fx; a6'Ng' k5{ . Psflt/ ;d;fdlosL k|lt:kwf{sf] xf]8jfhL csf{lt/ k"j{jt\ lj/f;tsf] s7f]/ lzv/ofqf . oL ofqfsf cnu cnu xf]8jfhLn] lk/f]N5 . lrdf]6\5 . clg ;dosf ;DaGw / ;Gbe{df em:sfP/ ;r]t u/fpF5 . h:sf] cGt/af]waf6 dfgj r]tgfsf] pTs[i6 v"jLsf] n]vfhf]vf x'g] u5{ . cgluGtL cf/f]x cj/f]xsf] ulN58fsf lj£g afwfx¿nfO{ l5rf]Ng ;lsPg eg] hLjgb]lv xfonsfon eO{ k/fhosf] l;sfotdf efl;g k'luG5 . kmntM JolQm pQ/bfloTjxLg x'g k'U5 . sd{sf :jl0f{d kv]6fdf r9\gaf6 knfog x'g] ;Defjgf /xG5 . hLjgjfbL ljho / lj/f;t x'g' k5{ . t/ ljhosf] lj/f;tjfbL hLjg ePdf ljhosf gfddf g}/fZo pTkGg x'g ;S5 . ljhosf] lj/f;t JolQmut s'07faf6 hf]luP/ enfOut cjwf/0ffdf cfwfl/t x'g cfjZos 5 . ljho ;j{JofkL rfxgf / lj/f;t r'DasLo zlQm xf] . ljho / lj/f;tsf k5fl8 txut k|lt:kwf{sf cg]sf}F cv]6f x'G5g\ . hxfF k|lt:kwf{ cl8g / bl/g ;Sg' k5{ . k|lt:kwf{ eGb}df k/Dk/fdf c:j:y k|lt:kwf{sf] 3[l0ft v]ndf e'mlDdg' /fd|f] xf]Og . cfk;L j}/efj, O{iof{sf] wf}8w"kn] JolQmut / ;fd"lxs zlQmnfO{ IfL0f t'NofO lbG5 . o;af6 hf]lug' k5{ . k|lt:kwL{n] ljho k|fKt ul/;s]kl5 ljhosf] pdª\un] xf};nf yK5 . ljhoLsf] dg–dl:tis / r]x/fdf :k"mlt{sf] j;Gt kmlqmG5 . ljhoLsf] dg xn'ª\uf] x'G5 . ljhoLsf qmdfut r/0fdf :t/ a[l4 x'G5 . ljhoLn] cfˆgf] sd{df d]xgt, nugzLntf, ljj]s / ;dolgi7fnfO{ ;'rfn' /fVg' k5{ . cfˆgf] lqmofzLntfnfO{ lgoGq0f / ;Gt'ngdf /fVg ;s]df lj/f;t emg\ bLuf] aGg k'U5 . gq gtLhf pn6k'n6 x'g k'U5 . ljhosf] lj/f;t ;'Gb/ cg's/0fsf] ct[Kt cfsf+Iff klg xf] . ljho k|flKtsf vflt/ sfo{l;l4sf] k"0ff{Í – !%&

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/rgf ÷ 41


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lnR5ljsfnsf] ;d[4 / ljzfn g]kfn, dWosfnsf] z'¿jft;Fu} sdhf]/ b]vf kg{ yfNg'sf] ;fy} s]Gb|Lo k|zf;gdf b]vfk/]sf sdhf]/Lsf] sf/0f s]Gb|af6 6f9f /x]sf k|fGtx¿ qmdzM :jtGq x'g yfn] . kl/0ffd:j¿k klZrd s0ff{nL If]qdf v; dNnx¿sf] ;fy} l;d/f}gu9df sgf{6 j+zsf] pbo x'g uof] . o;kl5 qmdzM g]kfn /fHo 6'lqmFb} uof] . s0ff{nL e]udf v; dNn /fHo 6'lqmP/ afO;L / u08sL e]udf ;–;fgf rf}aL;L /fHox¿ v8f eP . k"j{ tkm{sf ;]g /fHox¿ ;d]t s/La %@ j6f /fHox¿sf] cl:tTj oxfF v8f eof] . b|Jozfxåf/f :yfkgf eO /fdzfx cflb /fhfåf/f lj:tf/ ePsf] uf]vf{ /fHosf k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxaf6 g]kfnsf] k'gP{sLs/0f sfo{ z'¿ eof] . k'gP{sLs/0f u/L g]kfnsf] lgdf{0f ug]{ cleofgdf ;fy lbg] ef/bf/x¿df sfn' kfF8], cledfg l;+x a:g]t, /fds[i0f s'Fj/, cd/ l;+x yfkf cflb lyP . g]kfnsf] PsLs/0f cleofgdf pNn]vgLo of]ubfg lbg] ef/bf/ x¿df cd/l;+x yfkfsf] klg k|d'v :yfg 5 . logL pd/fj eLdl;+x yfkfsf 5f]/f lyP . lj=;+= !*!^ sf] knf~rf]ssf] o'4df eLdl;+x yfkf dfl/P . t/ pgn] jL/tfsf sf/0f æaf3ÆeGg] gfd kfPsf lyP . eLdl;+xsf] d[To' kl5 cd/l;+xn] …d/j6Æ kfPsf lyP . Tolta]nf logsf] pd]/ cf7 jif{sf] dfq lyof] . æd/j6 gLltÆ cg';f/ cd/l;+x yfkfn] k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxsf] /]vb]vdf x's{g] cj;/ kfPsf lyP . lj=;+= !*@% df sflGtk'/ ljho ePsf] ef]lnkN6 logn] æ;/bf/LÚ sf] kbjL kfPsf lyP . lj=;+= !*@^ sf] eQmk'/sf] o'4df logn] ;lqmo e"ldsf v]n]sf]] j0f{g 5 . logn] k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxsf] dg lhtL ljZjf; kfq ef/bf/x¿dWo] Ps ag]sf hfgsf/Lx¿ klg kfOG5g\ . logn] %) jif{ hlt /fi6«sf] ;]jfdf cfkm\gf] hLjg nufP eg] clwsf+z ;do o'4sf] d}bfgd} latfP . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] z'¿ u/]sf] PsLs/0fsf]cleofgdf cd/ l;+x yfkfn] ;lqmo e"ldsf lgjf{x ub}{ /fh]Gb|nIdL, axfb'/ zfx, /0faxfb'/ zfx / uLjf{0f o'4 jL/ ljqmd zfxsf] ;dodf g]kfn PsLs/0f cleofgsf qmddf ePsf ljleGg 7fpFx¿sf] o'4sf] ;fy} g]kfn–c+u|]h o'4df ;d]t klZrd tkm{sf] k|wfg ;]gfkltsf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf lyP . logn] slxn] ;/bf/, k"0ff{Í – !%&

sflQs–d+;L/ @)&%

/rgf ÷ 49


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slxn] sfhL, slxn] d'x'8fsfhL, slxn] zf;s / slxn] j8fsfhLsf] e"ldsf lg/Gt/ ¿kdf lgjf{x u/]sf] kfOG5 . /fi6« ;]jfsf] cjlwdf pgn] x/]s If]qdf cg'ej k|fKt u/]sf lyP . k"j{ l6:6fb]lv klZrd ;tnh;Dd g]kfnsf] l;dfgf lj:t[t ug{df pgn] ;lqmo e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf j0f{gx¿ 5g\ . cd/l;+x yfkf g]kfnsf] em08f lxdfno jf/kf/ kmkm{/fPsf] x]g]{ clenfiff /fVb} g]kfnsf] PsLs/0fdf h'6]sf lyP . sfFu8f sflZd/sf] 9f]sf xf] eGg] s'/f pgn] a'em]sf x'Fbf o;}nfO{ nIo agfO{ $ jif{;Dd sfFu8fdf 3]/faGbL hf/L /fv] . t/ klg pgn] sfFu8fsf] cfqmd0fnfO{ kmQ] ug{ ;s]gg\ . of] /fHo kmQ] ug{ g;Sg'df g]kfnL k/Dk/f cg';f/ z'e ;fOt gk/]/ kf] xf] ls eGg] cfz+sf JoQm ePsf] kfOG5 . h'g;'s} sfo{ l;l4 x'gsf] nflu k"j{ tof/L cfjZos x'G5 . vf; u/L o'4sf] tof/Ldf t ljz]if Wofg k'¥ofO{ Jojl:yt ug{ g;s]df ;kmntf xfl;n x'g'sf] ;§f k/fho x'g] ;+efjgf /xG5 . g]kfnsf] Oltxf;df o'4sf] tof/Ldf kmf}h, xftxltof/, /;b, tfnLd, hf;";L sfo{, af6f]3f6f], o'4 sf]if, k"hf, cfhf, ;fOt x]g]{ k/Dk/f ;d]t ePsf] kfOG5 . s'g} klg o'4df kmf}hn] lg0ff{os e"ldsf v]n]sf] x'G5 . kmf}hsf] kof{Kttf jf ckof{Kttfn] g} o'4sf] dfu{ lglb{i6 ub{5 . g'jfsf]6sf] k|yd o'4df k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] kmf}hsf] sdLsf] sf/0f k/fhosf] kL8f ef]u]/ ;}Go ;+Vofdf j[l4 u/]sf lyP . To:t} sfFu8fsf] o'4 / g]kfn–c+u|]h o'4df kmf}hsf] ckof{Kttfn] g} g]kfnn] k/fhosf] kL8f axg ug'{ k/]sf] lyof] . o'4df kmf}hsf] ;fy} xftxltof/sf] klg dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf /xG5 . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] PsLs/0f cleofg z'¿ ug'{ cl3 xftxltof/ ;+sngsf] nflu jgf/;sf] ofqf u/]sf lyP . g'jfsf]6sf] ljhodf log} xftxltof/sf] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf ePsf] hfgsf/L xfdL kfpFb5f}F . o'4sf] nflu /;bsf] aGbf]j:t ug'{ klg cfjZos x'G5 . ef]sf] k]6n] s'g} sfd x'g ;Sb}g t;y{ o'4 k"j{ o'4df g]kfn k/fho x'g'sf] Pp6f sf/0f /;bsf] cefjnfO{ klg dfGg ;lsG5 . kmf}h, xftxltof/, /;bsf] ;fy;fy} kmf}hnfO{ tfnLdsf] Joj:yf x'g' klg o'4sf] nflu cTofjZos 7flgG5 . o;sf] ;fy} o'4 x'g' cl3 zq' kIfsf] oyfl:ylt a'emL ;f]xL cg'¿k of]hgf agfPdf o'4df ljho x'g] ;+efjgf x'g] x'Fbf hf;";Lsf] Joj:yf x'g' klg cTofjZos 7flgG5 . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] pkTosf ljho ug'{ k"j{ / g]kfn–c+u|]h o'4 k"j{ c+u|]hx¿n] hf;";L u/]sf cg]s pbfx/0fx¿ kfOG5g\ . dfly pNn]lvt ljifox¿sf] cnfjf o'4sf] nflu sf]ifsf] Joj:yf ug'{ cTofjZos 7flgG5 . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] PsLs/0fsf] cleofgdf h'6\g' k"j{ g'jfsf]6dfly cfqmd0f ug'{ klg o;} k|of]hgsf] nflu lyof] eGg] k|;Ëx¿ kfOG5g\= . lj=;+= !*^@ df eLd;]g yfkfsf] of]hgf d'tfljs /0faxfb'/ zfxn] u/]sf ljtf{x/0f klg o'4sf]if h'6fpgsf nflu g} lyP . 50 ÷ /rgf

sflQs–d+;L/ @)&%

k"0ff{Í – !%&


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o'4df hfg' k"j{ ef}lts ;fdu|Lx¿sf] ljz]if Joj:yf ldnfpg hlt h¿/L x'G5 Tolt g} dfgl;s tof/Lsf k"jf{wf/ x¿sf] Joj:yf ug'{ klg lgtfGt cfjZos 7flgG5 . o;sf] nflu zlQmkL7x¿df k"hfcfhf ug]{, efsn ug]{, ;fOt x]g]{ sfo{x¿ ul/G5 . k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxn] k6s k6s uf]/vgfysf] k"hfsf] efsn u/]sf lyP . ;fy} ;Nofgsf]6 dfO{sf] cf/fwgf klg u/]sf lyP . To:t} axfb'/ zfxn] g'jfsf]6sL e}/jL / cd/ l;+x yfkfn] kz'klt, u'Xo]Zj/L, a9Ldflnsf cflbsf] efsn u/]sf j0f{gx¿ kfOG5g\ . oL sfo{x¿n] efjgfTds zlQm k|fKt x'g] ljZjf; ul/G5 . o'4sf] qmddf dfgl;s tof/L ug]{ k"jf{wf/x¿df z'e ;fOt x]g]{ k/Dk/f k|an ¿kdf 5 . z'e ;fOtsf] lg0f{o Hof]ltifLx¿n] zf:qsf] cfwf/df ub{5g\ . /fhfn] Hof]ltifLx¿sf] k/fdz{ cg';f/ z'e ;fOt kf/]/ cfqmd0f ubf{ sf7df8f}+df OGb|hfqfsf] ;do kf/L lqz"nL kf/ ug]{ ;fOt lgsflnPsf] lyof] . To;} u/L sf7df8f}+df cfqmd0f ubf{ OGb|hfqfsf] z'e lbg kf/L cfqmd0f u/]sfn] ;kmntf k|fKt ePsf] eGg] j0f{gx¿ 5g\ . To:t} sLlt{k'/sf] k|yd cfqmd0f ubf{ z'e ;fot gldn]sf]n] ;f] o'4 lau|g uPsf] lyof] eGg] pNn]v kfOG5 . z'e ;fOtdf kmf}h lxF8fpg] rng cBflk 5Fb} 5 . g]kfnsf] PsLs/0f cGtu{t k"j{ l6:6fb]lv klZrd ;tnh;Dd lj:t[t /fHo g]kfnLx¿n] sfod u/]sf lyP . g]kfnLx¿ lj=;+= !*^@ lt/ cd/l;+x yfkfsf] g]t[Tjdf sfZdL/ /fHonfO{ nIo agfO{ ;tnh kf/L sfFu8f;Fusf] o'4df ;lqmo eO/x]sf lyP . ptflt/ k~hfjdf klg /0fhLt l;+xsf] Ps lj:t[t l;v /fHo v8f lyof] . blIf0f ef/tdf klg d/f7fx¿sf] zlQm IfL0f x'Fb} uPsf] lyof] . ca c+u|]hL zlQm;Fu 6Ss/ lng] oL b'O{ zlQm -k~hfj–g]kfn_ dfq lyP . t;y{ c+u|]hx¿n] oL b'O{ zlQmnfO{ cfk;df le8fP/ g]kfnnfO{ tTsfn} sdhf]/ kfg]{ of]hgf th'{df u/] . lj=;+= !*^@ df cd/l;+x yfkfn] sfFu8fdf cfqmd0f u/] . pgsf] g]t[Tjdf ;tnh kfl/sf P3f/ -!!_ /fHox¿ klg cf–cfkm\gf] ;]gf lnO{ ldl;g cfP . ;lDdlnt ;]gfn] dxndf]/L glhs} ;+;f/ rGbsf] ;]gfnfO{ k/flht ul/lbof] . uf]vf{nL k"0ff{Í – !%&

sflQs–d+;L/ @)&%

/rgf ÷ 51


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;]gfsf] wfs of] ljhon] ;j{q km}lnof] . uf]vf{nLx¿ lagf cj/f]w cufl8 a9\b} uP . dxndf]/Lsf] n8fO{+df xf/]/ sfFu8fsf /fhf ;+;f/ rGb l6/fsf] lsNnfleq n'Sg uPsf lyP . s]xL ;do kZrft sfFu8fsf] lsNnfleq n'Sg uP . cd/ l;+xsf] klxnf] cfqmd0fdf h:t} kxf8L /fhfx¿n] cf–cfkm\gf] kmf}h lnO{ k'gM uf]vf{nL ;]gf;Fu ldl;P/ cufl8 a9] . pgLx¿n] sf]6 sfFu8fnfO{ rf/}lt/af6 3]/], lsNnf afx]s sfFu8f /fHosf] ;a}h;f] efudf uf]vf{nLn] cwLgtf sfod ubf{ c6s kfl/sf ;'Ntfg ;d]t 8/fPsf k|;Ëx¿ 5g\ . rf/ jif{;Dd uf]vf{nL ;]gfn] sfFu8fsf b'u{nfO{ 3]/f xfn]/ a;L /Xof] . o; cjlwdf c+u|]hs} gLlt cg';f/ g]kfnsf] o'4 sfFu8fsf /fhf ;+;f/ rGb;Fu geP/ k~hfjsf l;v /fhf /0fhLt l;+x;Fu eof] . o; o'4df g]kfnLx¿n] k/f:t eO{ sfFu8f b'u{sf] 3]/fnfO{ 5f]8\g' k¥of] . cd/l;+x yfkf / pgsf kmf}hn] kmQ] e};s]sf] sfFu8fsf] lsNnf /0fhLt l;+xnfO{ a'emfO{ ;tnh kms{g' knf{ eGg] s'/f sNkgf;Dd klg u/]sf lyPgg\ . ljhosf] clGtd 38Ldf k'lu;s]sf] sfFu8fsf] o'4 kmQ] x'g g;Sg'sf sf/0fdf cd/l;+x yfkfsf] g]t[Tjdf od'gf gbL tbf{sf] ;fOt z'e gePsf]n] kf] xf] ls eGg] egfO{ euL/y h};Ln] cfkm\ gf] kqdf ;+s]t u/]sf 5g\ . g]kfnL k/Dk/f cg';f/ s'g} klg sfo{ kmQ] x'gdf z'e ;fOtn] lgs} 7"nf] d2t k'¥ofPsf] hfgsf/Laf/] dfly klg n]lvof] . cd/l;+x yfkfn] sfFu8fsf] lsNnf kmQ] ug{ g;Sg'df klg z'e–;fOt gk/]sf] xf] ls eGg] cg'e"lt dflysf] kqaf6 x'g cfpF5 . cd/l;+x yfkfn] sfFu8fdfly klxnf] cfqmd0f ubf{ To;sf] ;fdgf ug{ g;sL sfFu8fsf /fhf ;+;f/ rGb efu]/ l6/fsf] lsNnfdf n's]/ Hofg hf]ufPsf lyP . To;}n] s]xL ;do kZrft cd/l;+x yfkfn] k'gM cfqmd0f ubf{ o; avt pgn] sfFu8fsf] lsNnf afx]s /fHosf] ;a}h;f] efu uf]vf{nLx¿sf] cwLgdf kl/;s]sf lyP . o; cfqmd0faf6 ;+;f/ rGb, c6s kfl/sf ;'Ntfgsf ;fy} ;+;f/ rGbsf ;]gfdf egf{ ePsf k]zfj/L nfx'/], hDd'sf 8f]u|fx¿, sflZd/L, l;v, d"un, k7fg, /f]lxNnfx¿ ;d]t eoeLt eP/ lj:tf/ lj:tf/ efUg yfln;s]sf lyP . ærf/}lt/ xfxfsf/ dlRrof] . lkm/ËLx¿ klg tl;{P . xf]xNnf o:tf] eof] ls dxf/fh uLjf{0f o'4 ljqmd zfxsf] ;]gf cfpFb}5, h;sf] ;]gfklt dxfjL/ cd/l;+x yfkf 5g\ . hf] hxfF ko/ /fVb5g\ ljho ktfsf ToxL+ km/km/fpF5, uf]vf{nL ;]gfsf] ;j{q ljho–ljho 5 / rfF8} g} ;f/f pQ/L ef/t lbNnL;Dd g} uf]vf{ dxf/fhsf] /fHo :yfkgf cjZo+efjL 5 .Æ pko'{Qm pNn]lvt ljj/0f cg';f/ To;a]nf sfFu8f /fHosf] cj:yf s:tf] lyof] / cd/l;+x yfkfn] ljhosf] clGtd 38L kf/ ug{ nflu;s]sf lyP eGg] s'/f :ki6 x'g cfpF5 . tLg jif{;Dd 3]/faGbL ubf{ klg uf]vf{nLn] lsNnf sfFu8f sAhf ug{ g;s]sf]n] sf7df8f}+Faf eLd;]g yfkfn] cfˆgf efO gogl;+x yfkfsf] g]t[Tjdf Pp6f 7"nf] ;]gf lsNnf sfFu8f tkm{ k7fPsf lyP . 52 ÷ /rgf

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gogl;+x yfkfn] sfF8uf b'u{sf] 3]/fnfO{ cem Jofks agfOlbPsf lyP . o; gfsfaGbLn] ;+;f/ rGbsf ;fy} c¿x¿ emg\ cflQPsf lyP . cGTodf nfrf/ eP . ;+;f/ rGbn] dWo/ftdf lsNnfaf6 efUg] lgZro u/] . lj=;+= !*^% df gogl;+xn] sfFu8fsf] lsNnfdf cfqmd0f u/] . t/ lsNnf leqaf6 cfPsf] Ps uf]nL gogl;+x yfkfsf] 5ftLdf kbf{ pgL k5fl/P . uf]vf{nL ;]gf gfos gogl;+x yfkf To;/L n8]kl5 ToxfF gofF df]8 lnof] . o;nfO{ cWoog u/L gofF 9+uaf6 of]hgf agfO{ n8\g] lgZro cd/l;+xn] u/]sf lyP . t/ rf/ jif{;Dd ;kmntfk"j{s 3]/faGbL ul/Psf] lsNnfnfO{ k~hfasf /fhf /0fhLt l;+xnfO{ ;'DkL kms{g' kbf{ euL/y h};Ln] ;+s]t u/] em}F ;fOt gk/]s} cg'e"lt x'g' :jfefljs} b]lvG5 .

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l6Kk0fLx¿ != hf]g k]Da/– ælb OGe]hg ckm g]kfnÆ cS;kmf]8{ lSnl/g8g k|];, !(&!, k[=@% @= dx]zrGb| /]UdL– æOlDkl/on uf]vf{, lb uf]vf{ ODkfP/Æ lbNnL, cl8{of]6 klAns]zg, !(((, k[= !% . #= dx]zrGb| /]UdL – ælsË P08 kf]lnl6sn ln8;{ ckm lb uf]vf{nL ODkfP/Æ x}b/fjfb, cf]/]lG6on nË Dofg lnld6]8, !((%, k[= !# . $= t'n;L/fd j}B, tLy{k|;fb ld>– æcfw'lgs g]kfnsf] /fhg}lts Oltxf;Æ sf7df8f}+, g]kfn / PlzofnL cg';Gwfg s]Gb|, lq=lj=, sLlt{k'/, @)%$, k[= # . %= b]jLk|;fb e08f/L– æP]=lz= afa'/fdn] /rgf ug'{ ePsf] g]kfnsf] ;+lIfKt Oltxf;Æ k"l0f{df, k"0ff{Í %!, sf7df8f}+, k[= ! . ^= wgah| ah|frfo{, 6]saxfb'/ >]i7–æ zfxsfnsf clen]vÆ sf7df8f}+, g]kfn / PlzofnL cWoog ;+:yfg, sLlt{k'/, @)#&, k[= !&( . &= afa'/fd cfrfo{– æ>L % a8fdxf/fhflw/fh k[YjLgf/fo0f zfxsf] ;+lIfKt hLjgLÆ efu #, sf7df8f}+, >L % dxf/fhflw/fhsf] k|d'v ;+jfb ;lrjfno, /fhb/af/, @)@%, k[= %)$ . *= ah|frfo{ / >]i7– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof &, k[= !*@ . (= lzjk|;fb 8j/fn– æpQ/fv08sf /fhg}lts tyf ;f+:s[lts Oltxf;Æ efu %, u9jfn, jL/ufyf k|];, @)#), k[= !%& . !)= ;"o{ljqmd 1jfnL– æcd/l;+x yfkfÆ g]kfnL ;flxTo ;Dd]ng, !(((, k[= !() . !!= lzjk|;fb zdf{, t'n;L/fd j}B, lq/Tg dfgGw/– æg]kfnsf] ;}lgs Oltxf;Æ sf7df8f}+, zfxL g]kfnL hËL c8\8f, @)$(, k[= #&* . !@= dx]z/fh kGt– ælj=;+= !*&!–&@ sf] g]kfn c+u|]h o'4df g]kfn xfgf{df Pp6f 7"nf] sf/0fÆ k"l0f{df, jif{ !, cÍ !, k[= $& . !#= dx]z/fh kGt– ælj=;+= !*&!–&@ sf] g]kfn c+u|]h o'4df g]kfn k"0ff{Í – !%&

sflQs–d+;L/ @)&%

/rgf ÷ 53


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xfgf{df Pp6f 7"nf] sf/0fÆ k"l0f{df, jif{ !, cÍ !, k[= $* . !$= lbg]z/fh kGt– æ:jfdL dxf/fh /0faxfb'/ zfxsf] lj=;+= !*^@ sf] aGbf]j:tÆ k"l0f{df, k"0ff{Í @$, k[= @^^ . !%= 8f= uf]ljGb 608g– ækz'klt If]qsf] ;f+:s[lts cWoogÆ efu !, sf7df8f}+, em/]Gb| zDz]/ h=a=/f= tyf d~h' /f0ff, @)%#, k[= !@^– @& . !^= 8jn/fn–k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof (, k[= !** . !&= wgah| ah|frfo{, 1fgdl0f g]kfn– æP]ltxfl;s kq ;+u|xÆ klxnf] efu, sf7df8f}+, g]kfn ;f+:s[lts kl/ifb\, @)!$, k[= !)# . !*= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&)–&! . !(= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&!–&@ . @)= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&( . @!= ah|frfo{, g]kfn– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !&, k[= !)!–!)@ . @@= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&! . @#= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&!–#&@ . @$= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&% . @%= zdf{, j}B, dfgGw/– k"j{jt\, l6Kk0fL ;+Vof !!, k[= #&$–#&% .

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@)&% ;fnsf] ljhof bzdL, z'e bLkfjnL, 57 kj{ tyf g]kfn ;+jt\sf] ;'vb cj;/df ;d:t u|fxs ju{df ;'v, zflGt, ;d[l4, ;':jf:Yo bL3f{o'sf] xflb{s d+undo z'esfdgf JoQm ub{5f}+ .

g]kfn 6]lnsd kl/jf/ 54 ÷ /rgf

sflQs–d+;L/ @)&%

k"0ff{Í – !%&


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o;f] t l/km]n bfO;+u d]/f] Tolt ulx/f] p7, a; / afSnf] ;flGgWo / lxdlrd ePsf] rflxF xf]Og . pgL sfF;Llt/sf afh] / d s'tLlt/sf] xGa]g'{ . ef}uf]lns ;fdLKo klg lyPg / ;fdflhs ;DaGw klg ePsf] xf]Og . dfG5]nfO{ Ps cfk;df lrgfpg] lrGg] cfwf/ eg]sf] lgs6tf, ;DaGw, ljrf/, gftf cflb x'g] ub{5 . oL ;j} kl/rosf sf/stTjx¿;+u s'g} ;fOgf] gePsf] x'gfn] klg cfh ;lDemxfNg' kg]{ u'Xo sf/0fn] ubf{ t xf]Og /fhgLltsf] /f]xj/df 36]sf s]xL v'h'/f tflTjs sf/0fn] ubf{ ;Demgfsf] txl;ndf df}Hbft /x]sf s]xL k|;ª\ux¿sf] km]/ ;dfpFb} Psfls wªwªL d]6fpg] k|of;df nflu/x]sf] 5' . clxn] logsf] gfd g;'Gg] / pgnfO{ glrGg] dfG5] g]kfndf la/n} xf]nfg\ . hgcfGbf]ng ˆof§ ;kmn eOlbPsf] x'gfn] PSsfl; pgL rrf{sf] lzv/df r'lng k'u]sf x'g\ / dfq} olb sy+ sbflrt\ cfGbf]ng aLr af6}df 3'F8f 6]s]/ ynf k/]sf] eP pgsf] gfpF r/f], d';f] ;d]tn] yfxf kfpFy]g . a}+sdf sfo{/t Pp6f dfd"nL sfl/Gbfsf] gfd rfl/lqs / rdTsf/L ljz]iftf s'g} gePsf] kmf];|f] sf/0fn] ubf{ ;j}n] hfGg] s'/f] klg lyPg . d}n] t b]v]sf] xf]Og . hgcfGbf]ngk"j{ Pp6f ;fdfGo b]xftL dflg;sf] x'lnof / pgsf] x'lnofdf s'g} tflTjs km/s b]lvGgYof] eGy] pgnfO{ b]vL hfGg], ;'gL hfGg]x¿ . ;fj{hlgs :yndf ;fj{hlgs afxgdf g} r9]/ s;}n] b]lv kf] xfN5 ls eg]em}+ u/L n'sL, n'sL cf]xf]/, bf]xf]/ ug]{ pgsf] ;gftgL afgL a]xf]/f klg ;txdf afSn} l;t lkmFlhb} cfPsf] / To;sf] l5r/f] /fu s'g} tfsf d]/f] cwa];|f] sfgdf 5\of:; 7f]lsP/ x'OFlsPsf] klg lyof] . cfGbf]ng ;kmn eof] . pgsf] xfjfbf/L hLjgn] sf]N6] km]¥of] . klxn] klxn] Hofnfdf cl3kl5 nufpFb} cfPsf dflg;x¿ ljgf kfl/>lds cxf]/fq pgnfO{ 3]b}{ lx+8\g yfn]kl5 eg] pgn] klg e'OFdf 6]Sg 5f8] . d}n] b]v]sf] rflxF oxL xf] . Pp6f ljz]iftf pgsf] s] lyof] eg] cfˆgf x'Ss], 5ft] / xnsf/f afx]s pgL s;}nfO{ lrGb}gy] . hDdfhDdL hLjgdf kfFr, 5 k6s hDsf e]6 ePsf] xf] pgL;+u . k|To]s e]6df d lgx'l/P/ :jl:t, hbf} uy]{+ . k|To'Q/df pgL s] s] g cjufn kfg]{ ck/fw u/]/ cfPsf] xf] eg]em}+ u/L d'8\sL k/Ss a6fy]{ . tgSs 6fpsf]lt/ nu]/ tGsfpFy] / cGTodf ;j} t'; d]6]/ 7"n} k"0ff{Í – !%&

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pksf/ ul/lbg k'u]sf] em}+ u/L lªlrSs xfF:t} lr;f xft v;|f] tfnn] ldnfO 6f]kNy] . d]/f] :yflkt ;DaGwsf] hu oxL lyof] / oxL+ k'u]/ ;j} pTs07f klg ufF7f] kg{ k'Uy] . To;}n] cg'dfg ub{5' d}n] afSn} lrg] klg pgL kftnf] / Ps;/f] lsl;dn] klg dnfO{ lrGb}gg\ . oxL ckl/rosf] lj/f;tdf 6]s]/ pgL lbg b'O{ u'gf / /ft rf}u'gfsf] b/n] lglD7b} uPsf, r'lnFb} uPsf, km'Nb} uPsf, kmNb} uPsf / 9fl8b} uPsf lyP . csNkgLo ultdf kl/jt{g x'g ;Sg] dfG5]sf] efUo ;Dem]/ d tn tn a;]/ 6'n'6'n' of] tdf;f lglg{d]if x]b}{ cfPsf] lyPF . d}n] dfly g} lgj]bg ul/xfn]+, oxfFg]/ d}n] pgnfO{ ;lDemxfNg' kg]{ s'g} la;L{ g;Sg'sf] u'lgnf], /l;nf], dlnnf] / vf;} k|efjzfnL sf/0f t 5}g, lyPg . pgL;+u ufFl;Psf s]xL emLgf, dl;gf ljsf/ / sNdif dgdf x'F8lnP/ lgsf; vf]lh/x]sf] x'gfn] Tof] lk/fxf 56\k6L d]6\g cIf/sf] ;xf/f lnPsf] x'F x}g eg] pgLh:tf] u'0fu|fxL dflg;nfO{ ljkgfdf t s] s'/f ;kgfdf klg d ;Demg] lyOgF . snfs'~h k':tsfno uf}/sf xtf{, stf{ / wtf{ klg s'g}lbg zLtn lu/L x'g'x'GYof] . pxfFn] k':tsfnodf kfOnf xfn]kl5 k':tsfnonfO{ cln Jofks / lj:t[t agfpg jflif{s sfo{s|ddf ;flxlTos sfo{s|dnfO{ klg hf]8]/ ;~rfng ug{ yfNg' eof] . Tolt pbf/ / bfgL Åbo ePsf dflg; t /f}tx6df b]lvPsf x}gg\ . t/ pxfF wskm'sfP/ af/Daf/ sfo{s|d ul//xg' x'GYof] . /;b kfgL sxfFaf6 h'6fpg' x'GYof] Tof] t pxfFnfO{ g} yfxf xf]nf . sfo{s|ddf k'u]/ Ps;/f] ;j}sf PsfsL cft{gfb ;'g] afkt\ a]n'sf 38Lr/Lsf] ;k]6fdf em'l08P/ tLgkfg]n] cfrdg ub}{ dhf;+u v'6\6f a6f/]/ lx+8\g kfOg] x'gfn] cTofjZos 3/sf] sfd 5f]8]/ eg] klg Pp6f l;+ufg] sfuhsf] lrs{6f] sd]hsf] uf]hLdf 3';fb}{ snfs'~hsf] sfo{s|ddf yk'{ v;fNg k'Uy]+ . ToxfF cGo cltlyx¿sf] t'ngfdf Pp6f uf]/f] 5fnf, cfsif{s cg'xf/, rlDsnf] r]x/f ePsf] k'8\sf k'8\sf vfnsf] nfUg] zfnLg / lzi6 ldhf;sf cNkefifL dflg; a/fa/ cfO/xg' x'GYof] / sfo{s|d ;dfkg gxf]p~h]n s'g} u'gf;f], lkm/fb / wk]8L ljgf ;j}sf s'/f Ps6ª\sf/ ;'g]/ al;/xg' x'GYof] . pxfFsf] eb| Jojxf/k|lt cfslif{t x'Fb} uPkl5 d}n] dg yfDg ;lsgF . zLtn bfO dfkm{t lrgfkrL{ u/]+ . pxfF ToxfFsf] k'/fgf] / kl/kSj /fO6/ afh] x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . cfo{ ;+:sf/ / ;+:s[ltsf c;n cWo]tf, pkf;s / sd{7 cg'ofoL x'g'ePsf] x'gfn] sfo{s|d ;dfkg x'gf;fy hnkfgsf] emd]nf kl6 gnfuL nf}/f] 6]St} afª\uf] 9f8 tGsfP/ lx+l8xfNg' x'GYof] . /xFb} a:t} hfFbf 3'nldn klg a9\b} uof] . kl/ro klg 3lgi6tfdf kl/jt{g x'Fb} uof] . d k'u]sf] t 5}g t/ d"naf6f]af6} klZrd lbzftkm{ rf]/ cf}+nf] tGSofP/ zLtn bfOn] b]vfO lbg' ePsf] lyof] pxfFsf] 3/ . uf}/ ahf/sf] 56 ÷ /rgf

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k'5f/lt/ s'g} df8jf/Ln] bfg lbPsf] hUufdf Pp6f ;fg' ;]tf] r'g kf]t]sf] jfo' em'k|f] xfn]/ u'h|fg ub}{ cfpg' ePsf] /x]5 . d}n] b]v]sf] t xf]Og . vf;df pxfFsf] :yfoL 3/ bzuhf kf/L d9jf sf]7Llt/ 5 eGy] ;j} . ;+:s[t dgUu] k9]sf] x'gfn] j[lQ ljsf;sf nflu uf}/ k:g' ePsf] /x]5 . sd{sf08 dfkm{t\ hLjg ofkg ub}{ cfPsf] eP klg of]Uotf / ljåQfsf] sb/ ub}{ u'? blIf0ff jfkt\ hhdfgx¿n] uf}/df SofDk; ;~rfng x'g yfn]kl5 g]kfnL ljifosf] k|fWofkssf] ¿kdf lgo'Qm u/]sf /x]5g\ . e]6 ePtfsf kl/jf/sf] xfnrfn ;f]Wbf 5f]/fx¿ cf cfˆgf] Onddf nfu]sf eP klg pgLx¿;Fu vf;} ;Gt'i6 x'g g;s]sf] /fudf n6\kl6P/ u'gf;f] ug'{x'GYof] . cf]/fnf] nfUb} hfg yfn]sf] pd]/df cfˆgf ;Gtltn] pk]Iff ub}{ lx+8\g yfn]kl5 s'g rflx+ cfdfafa'n] bx|f] dg kf/]/ c//f] x'Fb} 6'n'6'n' x]l//xg ;S5g\ xf]nf / < k|To'Q/ s]xL gnufP klg d pxfFsf s'/f j]nfj]nf 6fpsf] xNnfP/ ;xL yfKt} Psf]xf]/f] ;'lg/xGy]+ . /fO6/ afh]s} h]7f 5f]/f /x]5g\ l/km]n bfO . of] s'/f rflxF dnfO{ /fO6/ afh]n] geg]/ zLtn bfOn] eGg' ePsf] lyof] s'g} lbg . l/km]n bfO;+u ;flGgWo ufF:g] ;"q of] geP/ csf]{ s'g} pwf/f] sf/0f lyof] . k'ln;, k|zf;gn] vf]O/f] vg]/ v]bf] ub}{ cfPsf] eP klg ax'bnLo Joj:yf :yfkgfy{ pgLx¿sf] 5fof, 5ljaf6 ;ft xft k/ tls{+b} lagf ldof] Psyl/ dfG5] ;8sdf lbpF;} d'Ssf p7fP/, /fFsf] afn]/ lx+l8/x]sf lyP . oxfF ljrf/sf] eGbf klg clwsf/ k|flKtsf] wªwªLdf n6\kl6P/ k|ltsf/sf] cfsfª\Iff ;j}df /x]sf] x'gfn] j}olQms ;f]rnfO{ yftL /fvL ;j} uf]naGb eP/ ;8sdf plqPsf lyP elgP klg o;sf] cGto{df k|ltzf]wsf] efjgf a];L lyof] . k'ln; k|zf;gsf] c3f]/L cfr/0faf6 ;j} cfxt lyP . ;/sf/L sfl/Gbf cs"t cfo cfh{gsf] ;]/f]km]/f]df df8L d}bfg u/]/ 5f]6f] ;dodf nfdf] lj/f;t sfod ug{ ;Ifd x'Fb} uPsf x'gfn] Tof] nfn;f / 8fx vKg g;sL leqleq} d'd'{l/+b} cfPsf lyP . ;fd'Gg]df k|ltsf/ ug{ ;Sg] Xofp s;}df gePkl5 g]kYodf ª'/ª'/fpg k'Ug] k|f0fL hutsf] k'/fgf] k4lt g} xf] . zfob ToxL vfn] ljrf/af6 d klg c5'tf] lyOgF . j}wflgs gful/s ePsf] bDe eGbf klg o'jf cfj]u cFr]6\g g;sL cfGbf]ngsf] cfjfhdf cfˆgf] Wjlg vfKg x:ofª, km:ofª ub}{ k'u]sf] lyPF . c¿sf] cufl8 d klg s]xL x'F / d]/f] klg s]xL Nofst 5 / x}l;ot klg b]vfpg' 5 eGg] c3f]/L ljrf/ cGt:s/0fdf Hofb|f] eP/ afSn}l;t n]lkP/ a;]sf] x'gfn] xtkQ o:tf] df}sf xftaf6 km'lTsg lbg] kIfdf d lyOgF . To;f] x'gfn] klg cTofjZos ;j} 3/fo;L sfd yftL /fvL eL8sf] aLrdf hf]l;nf] x'Fsf/ e/]/ x'Gx'gfpFb} 3':g k'u]sf] lyPF . ;GwL, ;Demf}tfsf] 6fªd'lg a;]/ ul/Psf] sfFrf] lnvt t]:of{pFb} cfGbf]ng ;kmn ePsf] ;gb hf/L ul/of] . b/jf/ em'l;nf] d'G6f] nufP/ k"0ff{Í – !%&

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7'l::fg k'u] klg ufpF /ftfDo eP/ km'Ng k'u]sf] lyof] . ;j}sf] lz/df caL/ / w'/Ldf w/fx¿ kmkm{/fpg yfln/x]sf lyP . ufpFn]x¿ v]df, v]dfdf ljeflht x'Fb} cfcfˆgf] kfOg chf{Kg yfln/x]sf lyP . ho g]kfn / nfn ;nfdsf] uuge]bL t'd'n /fun] ufpFnfO{ /gSs ttfpFb} nlu/x]sf] lyof] . cfˆgf] eg] g t lz/df 6Lsf] g} lyof] g t w'/Ldf w/f] . g t nufO lbg] ;xofqL g} lyP g t xf}:ofpg] ufpFn] g} . kl/jf/sf ;j} dfG5] rf/tf/]sf] l;ofFndf a;]/ efUo chf{Kg nfu] klg pgLx¿sf] s'07fhGo 3f]/ c/fhs kfv08L k|j[lQb]lv cfxt x'Fb} lx+8]sf] x'gfn] ¿vsf] l;Fofn eGof] ls Ps lsl;dsf] tDtDofOnf] P]+7g dfgl;stf el/ x'F8lnP/ 6lGsFb} kmlTsg yfNYof] . jfnjob]lv g} To;sf] bDsf] d'6'sf] e]6\g' r'F8fNg] u/L cGt:s/0fdf laem\b} cfPsf] x'gfn] d To;sf] c3f]/L 5q5fof / kbrfkaf6 tls{+b} cfPsf] lyPF . sn]h egf{ ePtfsf hfg]/ t x}g clxn] nfUb}5 nx}nx}df g} xf] Pp6f lnulnu sf]6 kf/Lsf] e'/], 6fs'/] ;+u7gsf] /f]xj/df pleP/ 3fF6L tGsfpFb} clnk/;Dd x]g{ k'u]sf] . Totflt/sf] af6f] lx+8] klg sn]hsf cNnf/] s]6f, s]6L afx]s cln hfgL, ;'gL cfPsf] s'g} e/kbf]{ / k|efjzfnL dfG5] e]6]sf] xf]Og . s]xL If0f To;}df rf6]+, r'7]+ / dL7f ;kgfsf] n'F8f] a]b}{ af6f nfu]+ . /x/ / afWotfn] ;3g ¿kdf ufFHb} cfPsf lyP . lhDd]jf/Lsf] kf;f] 3fF6Ldf ;'s{gL k/]/ sl;g cfOk'u]sf] lyof] . d]/f] cufl8 Psflt/ pwf/f ;kgf / csf{lt/ cbgf jfnaRrfsf] lgGofp/f], lg:t]h cg'xf/ l7ª\u pleg yfn]sf lyP . ;Gtfg df]xsf cufl8 ljrf/sf cGt/fx¿ emGemgfP klg ;'/, tfn ldnfP/ ulh{g ;s]gg\ . bz{g eGbf klg ;d/f] eP/ k]6sf] Joyfn] ufFHg yfn]sf] tLtf] cg'e"ltn] kf]Nb} nu]kl5 af]s]sf] ljrf/nfO{ aLr af6fdf g} cnkq 5f]8L j[lQ ljsf;k6\l6 nfn;fsf e|"0f hufP/ nxl;g k'u]F . To;j]nf h'g ljrf/n] dnfO{ dn'jf /fxt lbP/ kfsf]{6] /fk lbO/x]sf] lyof] To; latf{sf dflg; /f}tx6df sf]xL klg lyPgg\ . eP klg Go"g lyP / ltgLx¿sf] ;Dks{df d lyOg egf}+ cfˆg} n't] sf/0f pgLx¿sf] k|tfkL k|sfz 5]p k'Ug ;ls/x]sf] lyOgF . /x/ ;j}df lyof] . ddf klg lyof] . dfq v'Nnf ¿kdf k|s6 ug{ ;ls/x]sf] lyOgF . cfkm}+ v'lDr/x]sf] lyPF, vHdlh/x]sf] lyPF, d;fª\lu|O /x]sf] lyPF . egf}+ b'ljwf dgel/ kmlTs/x]sf] x'gfn] bf]wf/df r]lkP/ n6\ kl6/x]sf] lyPF . t/ 5f]/f, 5f]/L eg] pGd'Qm p8fg e/]/ cfˆg} pdª\udf a]l/P/ 5rlNs/x]sf lyP . 5f]/f] afF; sf6]/ w/f] pGgnfO{ sK6]/f lrb}{ lyof] . 5f]/L ;fg} lyO{ jif{ kfFr]ssL / klg pT;flxt lyO{ . c¿sf] 3/df /ª\ uL, rª\uL w/f] kmkm{/fO/x]sf] p;n] klg b]v]sL lyO{ . Tof] /x/ yfDg g;sL p;n] w/f] agfpg cfdf rflx+sf] k'/fgf] kml/ofsf] km]/ Roft]/ bfh'nfO{ lbO5 . bfh' rfxL+ pm eGbf b'O{ jif{ h]7f] g lyof] . afp, cfdf g} gePsf] j]nf kf/]/ 3/sf] w'/Ldf w/f] uf8\g k'u]5g\ . w/f] eg]sf] lemlnldln n'ufsf] rf/s'g] 6's|f] xf] eGg] cGbfh pgLx¿sf] jfn dgf]lj1fgdf lyof] xf]nf zfob Û dfp 58 ÷ /rgf

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wfld{s cnfaf j}1flgs / ;fdflhs dxTj ePsf] j/sf] gfddf /x]sf] lj/f6gu/sf] Ps :yfg xf] ‘j/uf5L’ . /fhgLlts Oltxf;sf] ;fIfLefjdf /x]sf] j/uf5Lsf] cfˆg} Oltxf;, ul/df / dxTj 5 . lj=;+= @)@^ ;fndf ob'gfy rfkfufO{+sf] cu|;/tfdf :yflkt ePsf] la/f6gu/, j/uf5Ll:yt u'/fF; k':tsfnon] @)@* ;fndf ‘j/uf5L’ gfds klqsf jl/i7 ;flxTosf/ Pj+ k|f1 blw/fh ;'j]bLsf] cu|;/tfdf k|sflzt x'g yfn]sf] s'/f ‘j/uf5L’sf] !$ cf}+ ‘z}nhf :d[lt c+s’sf] k|sfzsLo cfn]vdf pNn]v 5 . o;/L u'/fF; k':tsfnoåf/f k|sflzt x'Fb} cfPsf] ‘j/uf5L’sf] hgdt ;+u|x c+s @)#&, aLkL sf]O/fnf :d[lt c+s @)$), k|ltef Pj+ JolQmTj kl/ro c+s @)#*, P]txfl;s c+s @)$*, lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf :d[lt c+s @)^& k|sflzt ePsf] o;sf] ufyf o;} k"0ff{Í !$ sf] k|sfzsLodf pNn]v 5 . k|:t't rf}wf}+ c+s z}nhf cfrfo{ :d[lt c+ssf ¿kdf k|sflzt u/]/ ;tL;fn h:tf] cfˆgf] l;4fGt, cfbz{ / lgi7fdf cfl8u z}nhf k|lt hgfPsf] >4fefjsf nflu u'/fF; k':tsfno, j/uf5L / ;Dkfbs blw/fh ;'j]bLk|lt ;fw'jfb . g]kfnL /fhgLltdf z}nhf cfˆgf] sfnv08sf] l;Ëf] Oltxf; af]s]sL kfq 7xl/lG5g\ . !& jif{s]f slnnf] pd]/ b]lv /fhgLlts ultljlwdf rfn]sf pgsf kfOnf hLjgko{Gt ultzLn /x], lj>fd lnPgg\ . ltg} z}nhfsf] ul/dfdo Oltxf;sf] sb/ / ;Ddfg ub}{ k|sflzt ‘j/uf5L’ sf] !$ cf}+ cÍdf tLg bh{g eGbf a9L ;+:d/0ffTds n]v, ljleGg klqsfdf k|sflzt ;dfrf/, ;DkfbsLo ;+u|lxt 5g\ . o;df z}nhf :jo+sf æ/fli6«otf / g]kfnÆ / æcf]vn9'Ëf sf08df =====Æ eGg] b'O{j6f /rgf klg k|sflzt 5g\ . aLkL;Fu ef/tdf :jlgjf{;g latfPsL z}nhf k|jf;sfndf /xFbf a:bf pgn] lgjf{x u/]sf] /fhgLlts e"ldsf g]kfnL sf+u|]; ;Dj4x¿sf nflu dfq geP/ cfd kf7ssf nflu klg k7gLo / :d/0fLo 5 . k|jf;d} ‘8]df]qm]l6s ;f];ln:6 lnu’ sf] klxnf] lgjf{lrt ;efklt pgL ePsf] ;+:yf g]kfn ljBfyL{ ;+u7g eGbf h]7f] ePsf] tYo o; ;+ufnf]n] phfu/ u/]sf] 5Ù h;sf] dxf;lrj /fdrGb| kf}8]n ePsf] tYo pb\3fl6t u/]/ n's]sf] Oltxf;sf] pTvggdf 7"nf] ;xof]u k'¥ofPsf] 5 . k|ltalGwt g]kfnL sf+u|];n] 70 ÷ /rgf

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ef/taf6 k|sflzt ug]{ u/]sf] t?0f klqsfsf] ;Dkfbs z}nhf lyOg\ eg]/ cfd kf7snfO{ o; c+sn] ;"lrt klg u/]sf] 5 . :jb]z kms]{kl5sf] pgsf] h]n hLjg / /fhgLlts kl/jt{g kl5 pgn] k|fKt u/]sf] /fhgLlts kb, e"ldsf dfq 5}g hLjgsf] pQ/fw{df cfP/ l;Ëf] hLjg nufgL u/]sf] pgsf] bn g} s;/L la/fgf] eof] / pgL lsgf/fdf kl/g\ eGg] s'/fn] cfd kf7snfO{ efj's klg agfpF5 of] c+s k9\bf . ‘b[9 ljZjf;sL wgL z}nhf’ eGg] ;"bg axfb'/ sfsL{sf] cfn]vn] nueu z}nhfsf] hLjgsf] ;fËf]kfËf] Oltxf; ptf/]sf] 5 . ‘z}nhf lbbL 7"nL ls c;n’ eGg] e'jg 9'Ëfgfsf] clt dfld{s n]vn] kf7s u+eL/, ;+j]bgzLn aGb5 . cfrfo{sf] tt\ If0fsf] cj:yfnfO{ u+eL/ ¿kn] cfsng u/]sf] 5 n]vn] . efjgfsf] k|wfgtf leq k;]/ oyfy{ k:sg] n]vssf] ;fdYo{ / tfut k|z+;gLo 5 . z}nhfsf] hLjg / z}nL, clGtd If0fsf] dfld{s cj:yfn] efjljJxn geO s'g} kf7s a:g ;S5 h:tf] nfUb}g . ‘lal;{Psf gflosf’ eGg] jL/]Gb|eQm >]i7sf] n]vn] @)!& ;fn kmfNu'0f & ut] /fhf dx]Gb|nfO{ sfnf] em08f b]vfpg] z}nhf nufotsf P]ltxfl;s If0fsf] cg'e"lt kf7snfO{ x'G5 . h'g z}nhfsf] /fhgLlts hLjgsf] k|yd kfOnf lyof] . dlxnfsf /fhgLlts Oltxf;sf] vf]h, cg';Gwfg, rf;f] / lh1f;f /fVg]sf nflu of] dxTjk"0f{ lnlvt b:tfj]h xf] . o; cÍdf k|sflzt n]vx¿n] z}nhf cfrfo{sf] /fhgLlts hLjg afx]s ;fdflhs / wfld{s kIfnfO{ klg phfu/ u/]sf] 5 . ‘s[i0fk|;fb sf]O/fnf ;]jf u'7L’ df]/ª lhNnfsf] lzzjgL, hxbfdf :yfkgf u/]/ ;fdflhs ;]jfdf xft a9fPsL pgn] ef/tdf Pp6f dlGb/ :yfkgf u/]sf] / To; dlGb/df ;se/ bz}+df pgL k'lUyg\ eGg] s'/f ‘z}nhf cfrfo{nfO{ d}n] glhsaf6 x]bf{’ eGg] n]v dfkm{t\ k'gd s'df/ bfxfnn] k|i6 kf/]sf 5g\ . z}nhfsf] hLjgsf] x/]s kIfnfO{ ;"Id ¿kdf s]nfP/ n]lvPsf] o; n]vdf pgsf u'? klg lyP eGg] pNn]v 5 . o;sf] ‘ljdfg ljb|f]x’ gfds b'uf{ ;'j]bLsf] cfTdsyfn] klg k'li6 u/]sf] 5. pgL n]V5g\—‘Tolta]nf z}nhf afaf cjw/fdaf6 dGq0ff lnP/ pgsf] eQm / r]nL eO;s]sL lyOg\ . pgn] afafsf] lje"lt nufpFlyg\ . pgsf] unfdf afafsf] d]vnf klg lyof] .’ Tolta]nf aLkLsf] cf}+nfdf afafsf] cf}+7L lyof] .’ k"0ff{Í – !%&

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o;} k':tsdf ‘;dfhsf] x/]s If]qdf c3f]/L h:tf eP/ nfUg] xf] eg] h:tf;'s} sfd klg ;kmn x'g ;S5g\, ;a}eGbf klxn] dflg;n] 3[0ff efj TofUg ;Sg'k5{’ eGg] cjw"t eujfg /fdsf] cf>ddf s'i7/f]uLsf] ;]jf x'GYof] . pgn] af3sf] aRrf 8d? kfn]sf lyP To;sf] gfd /fx'n lyof] eg]/ ;'j]bLn] n]v]sf 5g\ . ;'j]bL n]V5g\—‘ux'Fsf] ;'Vvf /f]6L / cfn'sf] t/sf/L kftdf lnP/ afaf a;] . dnfO{ klg glhs} a;]/ vfg eg] . ;d:of s] eof] eg] /fx'n klg xfdL;Fu} vfg a:of] . p;sf] efudf b'w lyof] . af3sf] aRrfn] la/fnf]n] em}+ tgtgL b'w vfof] .’ eGg] ;'j]bL jfSof+zn] z}nhfsf u'? lgZro klg jLt/fuL, cb\e't of]uL lyP eGg] yfxf x'G5 . ljj]Ro :d[lt c+s k9\bf of] k|;Ë klg ;fGble{s x'G5 h:tf] nfUof] . @)!& ;fn kmfNu'0f & ut] /fhfnfO{ sfnf] em08f b]vfpg] s'Gbg zdf{, ljhof s];Lsf] cfn]v o; cÍdf x'g'n] z}nhfsf] hLjgnfO{ k"0f{tf lbg an k'¥ofPsf] 5 eg] s'g} a]nf ;z:q ;+3if{ gLlt lnPsf] sf+u|];sf nflu xft xltof/ h'6fpgsf nflu 8fFsfx¿;Fu lx+8]sf] s'/f z}nhf :jo+sf] n]vdf pNNf]v 5 . pgL elG5g\Ù ‘xltof/ ;+sng ug]{ ;j}eGbf ;lhnf JolQm eg]sf 8fFsf g} lyP . To;}n] pgLx¿sf] dfWodaf6 xltof/ ;+sng u/]/ g]kfndf Nofpg d vl6Psf] lyPF . pgLx¿ htfhtf hfGy] d klg ;+u;+u} lx+8\g'kYof]{ . Ps t s]6L dfG5] To;df klg xltof/ ;+sng ug{ 8fFsfx¿ ;+u;+u} lx+8\g'kg]{ rfgr'g] sfd t xf]Og lg Û t}klg vf]O ddf Tof] ;fx; / cfF6 s;/L kf] cfof] Û dnfO s]6Lh:tf] gb]lvof];\ eg]/ d}n] s]6fsf] h:t} 5f]6f] skfn sf6]sf] lyPF . s]6fsf] h:t} lhG; kfOG6 nufpFy]+ . To;}n] d pgLx¿;Fu lx+8\bf xtkt s;}n] klg s]6f xf] ls s]6L xf] eg]/ 5'6\ofpg ;Sb}g y]’ ‐ k[i7 !#)_ . kf6L{sf] nflu Toqf] hf]lvd df]n]sL cfrfo{sf hLjgsf] pQ/fw{df kf6L{ la/fgf] x'g', aLkLsf] /fhLlts nfOgaf6 bn ljrng x'g' cflb OToflb pgnfO{ dfgl;s cf3ft k'¥ofpg] 36gf pgsf nflu ;xg ;Sg] vfnsf lgZro klg lyPgg\ . z}nhfnfO{ ;Ddfg hgfpFb} ‘j/uf5L’ sf] of] :d[lt c+s k|sflzt u/]sf]df ‘j/uf5L’ u'/fF; k':tsfno / k|f1 ;flxTosf/ blw/fh ;'j]bLsf] sfo{ ;/fxgLo / :t'To 5 . cfufdL lbgx¿df klg o:t} ;t\sfo{ ‘j/uf5L’ af6 eO/xg] 5 eGg] cfzf /fVb} ‘oyf gfd tyf u'0f’ ‘j/uf5L’n] k|:t't u/]sf] 5 . :jwd{ lgjf{x u/]sf] of] ‘j/uf5L’ c+s ;+u|x0fLo / k7gLo 5 . zf]w / cg';Gwfgsf nflu klg ;fGble{s 5 . ((&$!)##$%$ à uf}zfnf, sf7df8f}+

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;flxTosf/ Pj+ lgofqfsf/ 3gZofd /fhsl0f{sf/sf] kljq ;Demgf cfdfsf] gfds ;+:d/0f ;ª\ u|x rf}yf] ;+:s/0fsf] ¿kdf @)&! ;fndf k|sflzt ePsf] 5 . o; s[ltleq pgLåf/f n]lvPsf ljleGg zLif{ssf ^@ j6f ;+:d/0f ;dfj]z ul/Psf 5g\ . cfdfnfO{ ;Dembf 3gZofdn] Psk6s pxfFsf] b"t ag]sf] ;DemG5' eg]sf 5g\ . cfdfk|ltsf] d]/f] :jefj b]Vtf cfdf dnfO{ a/f]a/ afa' ltdLn] h:tf] d]/f] b'Mv a'em]/ c¿ s'g} klg 5f]/fn] dnfO{ slxNo} ;3fPgg\ ltd|f] ho xf];\ afa' o; ;ª\u|xleq 3gZofdn] n]v]sf 5g\ . dflg;sf] hLjgdf ;'v–b'Mv, cf/f]x cj/f]x, cfF;' xfF;f] cflb ;sf/fTds tyf gsf/fTds ;+j]bgfx¿ x/kn cfO/xG5g\ . o:tf ;+j]bgfx¿ snfTdstfsf] ;f]kfg r9]/ ;flxlTos prfO k|fKt ub}{5g\ . 3gZofdn]] g]kfnL ;+:d/0f ;flxTosf] If]qdf s]xL of]ubfg k'Ug ;sf];\ eGg] p2]Zo /fv]/ kljq ;Demgf cfdfsf] gfds s[lt lgsfn]sf 5g\ . o; dft[ ;+:d/0fsf] d'Vo ljifo pgsL cfdf k|f0fdfof /fhsl0f{sf/ g} x'g'x'G5 . o; s[ltleq pgn] cfdfnfO{ g} s]Gb|ljGb'df /fv]/ ljljw k|;ª\u tTsfnLg /fhgLlts, cfly{s, ;fdflhs, kfl/jfl/s hLjgsf ljleGg ljifo / kfqx¿nfO{ k|:t't u/]sf 5g\ . ljz]ifu/L o; s[ltleq kfl/jfl/s 36gfqmd rfFlx d'Vo s]Gb|ljGb'df /xL rnanfO/x]sf 5g\ / o;f] x'g' :jfefljs klg xf] . 3gZofd ;fgf] 5Fbf a]nfavt wfld{s efjgfn] k|]l/t pgsL cfdf sf7df8f}+ tyf kf6gsf ljleGg b]jLb]jtfsxfF k"hfcfhf ug{ hfg'x'Fbf cS;/ 3gZofdnfO{ klg n}hfg] ug'{x'GYof] /] . s'g} klg cfdfsf] hLjgsf] dxQd pknlAw cfˆgf ;Gtfgsf] enfO{ tyf pgLx¿sf] hLjgsf] ;kmntf dflgG5 . k|To]s cfdf cfˆgf ;Gtfgn] /fd|f] sfd u/]/ lzIff bLIff wg ;DklQ OHht kb cflb ;a}df cfkm"nfO{ lhltlbpg\ eGg] 7fGb5g\ . c¿ ;a}hgf;+u pgL o:tf If]qdf cfkm"nfO{ pRr /fVg rfxlG5g\ t/ cfˆgf ;Gtfgn] rfxL+ cfkm"nfO{ lht'g\ eGg] xflb{s sfdgf ub{l5g\ . dflg;nfO{ cfdfsf] a9L cfjZostf x'g] ;do afNofj:yf / lszf]/fj:yf xf] . cfdfafa'sf] dfofn' 5xf/L kfpg g;Sg] afnaflnsf jf lszf]/ lszf]/Lx¿n] hLjgdf ;fFRr} g} dxTjk"0f{ If0f ef]Ug gkfPsf] dfGg'k5{ 3gZofdn] n]v]sf 5g\ . ;fFRr} pgLk|lt :yflkt cfdfsf] dfof / ddtf, bof / s?0ffnfO{ ;Dembf pxfFnfO{ la;"{ eGbf klg pgn] la;{g ;Qm}gg\ . pxfFsf] ljifodf gn]v"FeGbf klg gn]v]/ a:g ;Qm}}gg\ . Psrf]l6sf] s'/f xf] pgL lszf]/fj:yfdf 5Fbf cfdfn] s;/L a'afsf] /L;af6 pgnfO{ arfpg' ePsf] /x]5 Tof] ;Dembf 3gZofd To;} lxl:;g k'U5g\ . pgL ;fFRr} cfdfk|lt gtd:ts aGg k'U5g\ . 3gZofdn] cfdfaf6 kfPsf] dfof, :g]x / ;+/If0f d]/f] cd"No lglw x'g\ eg]sf k"0ff{Í – !%& /rgf ÷ 73 sflQs–d+;L/ @)&%


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;flxlTos kqklqsfdf ljz]iffÍ lgsfNg] k|rng w]/} k'/fgf] xf] . o; qmddf ;Demg nfos klqsf ‘pBf]u’sf] n]vs kl/rofÍ ‐@))*_ xf] . ‘¿k/]vf’n] w]/}kl5 n]vsfÍ lgsfNof] ;o cÍdf @)@^ ;fndf . clxn] ‘lrTsf/’ sf] ;DkfbsfÍsf] rrf{ ub}{5' . lvnWjh yfkf tyf df]xgk|;fb l3ld/]åf/f ;Dkflbt ‘lrTsf/’ sf] kl/jf/df lg/f]w/fh kf08], k|sfz ‘kxf8L’, lvnWjh yfkf / df]xgk|;fb l3ld/] x'g'x'G5 . em08} b'O{ bh{g ;Dkfbsx¿;Fu ;DjlGwt of] cÍ 1fgj4{s cg]s ljz]iftfn] el/Psf] 5 . jf;' l/dfn ofqLn] cfˆgf] ;DkfbsLo cg'ej JoQm ug'{ePsf] ‘laxfg’ / ‘afns’ klqsfsf] rrf{ 5 eg] afns[i0f kf]v/]nn] ‘;Dkfbg / d’ zLif{sdf y'k|} kqklqsf ;Dkfbg ug'{ ePsf] s'/f n]Vg'ePsf] 5 . kqsfl/tfdf pxfFsf o:tf n]vx¿ cGoq klg k|sflzt ePsf] 5g\ . Toltv]/sf ‘lqkmnf’sf ;Dkfbs k'is/ klysn] cfˆgf] cg'ej n]Vg'ePsf] 5 eg] csf{ ‘hg–cd[t’ tyf ‘k~rfd[t’ sf ;Dkfbs jf;'b]j zdf{ x'g'x'G5 . o; cÍdf kg'{ePsL Psdfq gf/L ;DKffbs cfzf l;+x x'g'x'G5 h;n] ‘g]kfnL ;flxTodf :jf:gLdfG5]x¿sf] e"ldsf’ zLif{s n]v n]Vg'ePsf] 5 . pxfF s]xL ;do ‘bk{0f’ ‘l;ld|s’sf] ;Dkfbs x'g'x'GYof] . ‘;':s]/f’sf ;Dkfbs /fdrGb| e§/fO{n] æ;aeGbf a9L axfb'/L u/]+–zf]if0fsf] lj?4 x/avt snd rnfP/ ljgf kfl/>lds /rgf 5kfO n]vssf] ;flxlTos zf]if0f u/]/Æ eGg'ePsf] b]lvG5 . o;}u/L lxdfno eQm k|wfgfË, k|wfg ;Dkfbs ‘;flxlTos >[Ëf/’ eGg'x'G5–æPs Kofnf /S;L / sf]7Lsf] gUg k|blz{t ;flxTo eGbf ;8ssf] k]6Ldf s's'/;Fu Gofgf] n'6L k';–df3 dlxgfsf] t'iff/f]n] ;]tfDo e} :jKgnf]sdf k'lu/x]sf efjL s0f{wf/ afnsx¿sf] bogLo k|blz{t ;flxTo pQd 7xg]{5 .Æ ‘k|ultzLn ;flxTo / d]/f] ljrf/’df ‘k|kft’ ;flxlTos klqsfsf k|wfg ;Dkfbs r"8f/fh pk|]tL eGg'x'G5–æcfhef]ln k|ultzLn ;flxTosf] gfddf cgfjZos ljleGg ljb]zL gf/f, sf]6]zg / :t'ltufgsf ;fy} JolQm k"hf cflb b]vf kb}{ cfPsf 5g\ . sf]7fleq qmflGtsf/L efjgfnfO{ cf]s]Ng' h:t} k|ultzLn x'g'klg ;lhnf] 5 eGg] wf/0ff ePsfnfO{ d]/f] ;xfg'e"ltÆ ;flxTosf/ xl/eQm s6'jfn æ;Dkfbg klg snf xf] eGg] s'/fdf ca t z+sf nfUg yfn]sf] 5 . =====JolQmut k|of;df tkfO{+ xfdLn] lgsfn]sf k"0ff{Í – !%&

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klqsfx¿ c;n n]vssf c;n n]v 5fKgaf6 jl~rt 5g\ .Æ afGsLsf ;Dkfbs xl/eQmn] ‘d ;Dkfbs s'g xb’ eg]/ o;/L ;DkfbsHo"nfO{ lr7L n]Vg'ePsf] 5 . g]kfnL xf:oJoª\Uosf gfd"b n]vs e}/j cof{nn] ;Dkfbssf] gfpFdf lr7Ln]Vg'ePsf] 5. pxfF n]Vg'x'G5 æ=======oxfFsf sltko n]vsx¿nfO{ snd yGSofpg glbO{ 3r3Rofpg] kqklqsfx¿ g} x'g\ kf7ssf cfsf+Iffx¿l;t eGbf n]vssf cfsf+Iffx¿l;t xfdL glhs hfg vf]H5f}+ .Æ o;}u/L ;Dkfbs ‘ljDa’ k'is/ nf]xgL, ;Dkfbs ‘gf}nf] g]kfnL’ v]d sf]O/fnf ‘aGw'’, ‘5fn’sf ;Dkfbs ;Gtf]ifs'df/ e§/fO{, ;Dkfbs ‘hoGtL’ j;Gts'df/ zdf{ tyf gf]/]d lgu];f ;Dkfbs ‘oGq0ff’ x'g'x'G5 . oL afx]s ejfgL l3ld/] ;Dkfbs ‘efg'’, pQd s'Fj/ ;Dkfbs ‘¿k/]vf’ uf]kfn k|;fb e§/fO{ ;Dkfbs ‘dw'ks{’;Fu lnOPsf cGtjf{tf{ ;dfj]z 5g\ . ljz]iffÍ ‘clen]v’sf] ¿kdf ‘zf/bf’ jif{ ! cÍ @, ‘pbo’ jif{ cÍ !, ‘ef/tL’ jif{ ! cÍ ! sf ;DkfbsLo ptfl/Psf 5g\ eg] dbgb]j e§/fO{ ;Dkfbs ‘/Tg>L’ tyf jf;'zlz ;Dkfbs ;+ro;Fu k|Zgf]Q/ ul/Psf 5g\ . o;}u/L g]kfnsf] klxnf] klqsf ‘;'wf;fu/’sf] lj1fkg ;fef/ ul/Psf] 5 . æs]xL b'Mvsf lbgx¿ jf 36gfx¿ eg] ;Dembf cem} 5ftL kf]N5 . jftfj/0fsf] l;h{gf ;fxl;nf] JolQmn] ub{5Æ–dbg b]j e§/fO{, æslxn]sfFxL dnfO{ ;Dkfbssf] sfo{nfO{ Pshgf s'ssf] sfd;Fu t'ngf ug{ dg nfU5 .=== d;L s] d cfˆgf] /utdf 5fKg klg tof/ 5'Æ–jf;' zlz . dfly n]lvPsf ;Dkfbsx¿sf efjgf / wf/0ffx¿ k9\bf, dgg ubf{ /dfOnf] cg'ej x'G5 . jf:tjdf ‘pBf]u’n] ;aeGbf klxn] ‘n]vs kl/rofÍ’ lgsfn]sf] e]l6G5 eg] ‘¿k/]vf’n] k"0ff{Í !)) ebf} @)@^ df ‘n]vsfÍ’ lgsfNof] . oxL qmddf k|:t't ;DkfbsfÍ b]vf k¥of] @)@* ;fndf . lj1fkg k9\bf yfxf x'G5 kf7sfÍ lgsfNg] /x/ klg lyof] . o;/L g]kfnL kqklqsfsf] ljz]iffÍ lgsfNg] k/Dk/fsf] ljrf/ ubf{ uf]/vfkqn] /fhf dxf/fhfsf hGdf]T;jfÍ, pbofÍ cflb lgsfn]sf] kfOG5 . cfw'lgs ;flxlTos klqsfsf] cu'jf ‘zf/bf’ k|sfzg kl5 eg] gj jiff{Í, cg'jfb syf cÍ klg ylkP . ‘pbo’n] o'4 cÍ lgsfNof] eg] ‘pBf]u’n] n]vs kl/rofÍ, ‘¿k/]vf’n] syf, sljtf, ;dfnf]rgfÍ, :d/0ffÍ tyf lgjGwfÍ ;d]t u/L w]/} k|sf/sf ljz]iffÍ lgsfNgdf ¿k/]vf dfl;s klqsf klxnf] x]fnf . o;}u/L ‘efg'’ ;8s sljtf cÍ, 8'c;{ cÍ, l;lSsd cÍ tyf JolQm ljz]if h:tf cÍ lgsfNg gfd"b /Xof] . xf:oJoª\Uo / ufO{hfqf ljz]iffÍ lgsfNgdf ‘/rgf’ klxnf] eof] eg] gf6s ljz]iffÍdf ‘lxdfgL’, ;flxlTos kqsfl/tf ljz]iffÍdf ‘d~h"iff’ klxnf eP . ;Demg nfos cGo ljz]iffÍx¿df x:tfIf/ cÍ, ‘hflu/] cÍ’, ‘a"6kfln; cÍ’x¿ klg kb{5g\ . % d+l;/ )&% ( $$&)@$% à ^! do"/ dfu{, dWojfg]Zj/, sf7df8f} 76 ÷ /rgf

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aL kL sf]O/fnf :d[lt 6«i6n] ‘aL kL sf]O/fnf ;flxTo ;Ddfg k'/:sf/’ / ‘k|hftGq ;]gfgL ;Ddfg k'/:sf/’af6 k|To]s jif{ ;flxTo / /fhgLlts If]qsf ljlzi6 k|ltefx¿nfO{ ;Ddflgt ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . @)&! ;fnb]lv z'¿ ePsf oL k'/:sf/sf qmddf ;flxTo tkm{sf] k'/:sf/af6 )&$ ;Dd qmdzM /Tg ;dz]/ yfkf, uf]kfn k/fh'nL, e'jg 9'ª\ufgf, cle ;'j]bL ;Ddflgt ePsf 5g\ eg] k|hftGq ;]gfgL tkm{af6 @)&$ ;Dd g"tg yklnof, tf/fgfy sf]O/fnf, ofdnfn >]i7 / cy{/fh r}t' ;Ddflgt ePsf 5g\ . @)&% ;fnsf] ‘aL kL sf]O/fnf ;flxTo ;Ddfg’af6 of] :tDesf/ ;Ddflgt eof] eg] ‘k|hftGq ;]gfgL ;Ddfg’af6 rqm afF:tf]nfnfO{ ;Ddfg ul/of] . % jif{b]lv cr]t cj:yfdf pkrf//t afF:tf]nfsf] k'/:sf/ pxfFsL >LdtL s';'d afF:tf]nfn] lng'ePsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf k|d'v cltly Pj+ u0ftGq g]kfnsf k|yd /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbjn] x:tfGt/0f ug'{ePsf tL k':sf/ qmdzM ! nfv ! xhf/ / %! xhf/ ?k}ofF /flzsf 5g\ . g]kfndf :yflkt cg]s k'/:sf/sf] eL8df cd/ ;|i6f aL kL sf]O/fnfsf] gfddf :yflkt k'/:sf/sf] dxQf pRr /x]sf]df z+sf ug'{ kb}{g . k'/:s[t kfqx¿sf] rog x]bf{ of]Uo k'/:sf/ of]Uox¿n]g} kfPsf] cg'e"lt x'G5 . aL=kL= k'/:sf/ kfpFbf ;|i6f aL=kL / pxfFsf kfl/jfl/s ;b:o;Fu ljutsf s]xL If0f :d[lt ljDadf cfpg' :jfefljs xf] . @)!$ ;fnlt/ tfl/0fLk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] ;Dkfbg–k|sfzgdf ‘sNkgf’ b}lgs klqsf sf7df8f}+sf] gfukf]v/Laf6 k|sflzt x'g] ub{Yof] . a]n'sL #–$ ah]lt/h:tf] 5flkg] Tof] klqsf lng d lbgx'F To;sf] sfof{no hfg] ub{y]+ . d]/f] 3/ 6+ufn, uxgfkf]v/Laf6 gfukf]v/Ll:yt ‘sNkgf’ sfof{no k}bn !)–!% ldg6sf] b"/Ldf kb{Yof] . tfl/0fLsf] sfof{no sf]7fdf >LdtL /f];f sf]O/fnf cf]xf]/ bf]xf]/ ug'{x'GYof] . Pp6f s'gfsf] 6]andf lszf]/L/d0f /f0ff / kGgfnfn >]i7 sfd ub}{ /xg'x'GYof] . 8f=t'n;L lul/sf] lbpF;f]sf] k"/f ;do g} tfl/0fL;Fu lat]sf] b]lvGYof] . ToxfF aL kL sf]O/fnf klg a/fa/ cfpg'ePsf] b]Vby]+ . d klqsf lsGg lbgx'F ToxfF hfg], slxn]sfxL+ 5flkg s]xL l9nf] ePklg s]xL ;do s'/]/} ePklg tfhf klqsf lnP/ g} lx+8\g] ub{y]+ . d]/f] o:tf] b}lgs ultljlwnfO{ tfl/0fL k|;fb sf]O/fnfn] ljrf/ ul//xg'ePsf] /x]5 . Ps lbg dnfO{ tfl/0fLn] ;f]Wg'eof]–‘P afa' Û tkfO{+ klqsf k9\g'dfq x'G5 ls s]xL k"0ff{Í – !%&

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n]Vg] klg ug'{ePsf] 5 <’ ‘k9\g] dfq x'FÙ n]Vg] ;fdYo{ t d df 5}g Û’ d]/f] hjfkm lyof] . ‘klqsf k9\g] o:tf] ?lr x'g] dfG5] n]Vg klg cjZo ;S5 . d ljifo lbG5' tkfO{+ n]Vg';\ Û ‘sNkgf’df 5kfOlbpFnf Û’ pxfFn] eGg'eof] . To;j]nf @)!% ;fndf cfd r'gfj x'g] ;Gbe{ rln/x]sf] lyof] . tfl/0fLn] klqsfdf Pp6f :tDe g} /flvlbg'eof]–‘3f]lift ldltdf r'gfj x'G5 ls x'Fb}g’ eGg] . d}n] ‘r'gfj x'Fb}g’ zLif{sdf slg s'yL s]xL n]v]/ tfl/0fLnfO{ b]vfPF . pxfFn] 7Ls 5 eg]/ d]/f] Tof] ;fdlos n]v ‘sNkgf’df 5flklbg'eof] . d]/f] gfd 3gfgfy lyof] . pkgfd /fv]/ d ‘hL=Pg= /f]rs ePsf] lyPF .’ ToxL gfddf ‘sNkgf’df n]v 5flkof] . o;/L dnfO{ n]vs agfpg] JolQm tfl/0fL sf]O/fnf g} x'g'x'GYof] . kl5 dxfgGb ;fksf]6fsf] ;'emfjdf d /f]rs l3ld/] ePsf] x'F . d]/f lktfhL ;f]dgfy l3ld/] Jof;;Fu @)@% ;fndf s]xL lbg snsQf a;]sf] lyPF . Ps lbg lktfhL ;'j0f{ ;dz]/nfO{ e]6\g pxfFsf] sgs lalN8ª hfFbf d klg pxfF ;Fu} uPF . ;'j0f{sf] a}7s sf]7fdf aL=kL=sf]O/fnf klg x'g'x'Fbf] /x]5 . aL=kLn] tfl/0fLsxfF a/fa/ b]v]sf] d]/f] cg'xf/ ;+emg'eP5 / d]/f]af/] ;f]Wg'eof] . Tolta]nf;Dd d}n] ‘/rgf’ k|sflzt ug{ yfn]sf] ;ft jif{ e};s]sf] lyof] . d}n] cfˆgf] kl/ro lbPkl5 aL=kL=n] ‘/rgf’ cfkm"n] klg k9\g] u/]sf] s'/f ug'{eof] . ‘/rgf’df k|sflzt nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6fsf] ‘t?0ftk;L k|blIf0ff’ zLif{s ;dfnf]rgfsf] rrf{ ug'{eof] . aL=kL=;Fu d]/f] bf]xf]/f] s'/fsfgL ePsf] ToxL Ps k6s xf] . aL=kL=sf]O/fnf /fhgLlt / ;flxTo b'j} If]qsf zLif{ JolQmTj x'g'x'GYof] . cem v'n:t eGg] xf] eg] ;flxTodf g} pxfF cTolws ;kmn x'g'x'G5 . ;flxTo ;[hgfn] g} pxfFnfO{ cd/tf k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . ;fdfGo hgtfdf aL=kL= slt nf]slk|o x'g'xGYof] eGg] s'/fsf] 3tnfUbf] cg'e"lt d clxn] klg la;{g ;lQmg . @)@# ;fndf w/fgaf6 xfdL tfKn]h'ª\tkm{ k}bn hfFb} lyof}+ . wgs'6f uf]h]{sf] hËndf lgl:kmqmL;Fu Pshgf uf]7fnfn] uLt ufPsf] ;'Gof}+ . Tof] uLt o:tf] lyof]– ‘cfh d]/f] ufO{ x]g]{ kfnf], khf{tGq ljZj]Zj/ sf]O/fnf] Û a]dfgLn] hfn}df kf/f] Kof/f] g]tf ljZj]Zj/ sf]O/fnf] Û’ ;flxTosf/ s[i0fk|sfz >]i7n] klg yfgsf]6sf] jgdf ;'g]sf] Pp6f uLt pNn]v ug'{ePsf] d ;DemG5' . Tof] uLt yfgsf]6l:yt d]/L sfOFnL km'k'sf] 3/df hfFbf d+}n] klg ToxfFsf] kfgL3f6, rGb|flu/L cf;kf; ;'g]sf] lyPF . Tof] uLt rflx+ o:tf] lyof]– ‘cf]l/kl/ hgtfsf] 3]/f, aLr}df ljz]Zj/ sf]O/fnf Û’ aL=kL sf]O/fnf Pp6f kf6L{sf] dfq geP/ /fi6«s} g]tf x'g'ePsf] k|df0f x'g\ oL tYox¿ . tTsfnLg ;Qfn] c/fli6«o tTj eg]/ h]ndf xfn]sf], ;Qfsf] b[li6df /fi6«lj/f]wL dflgPsf] JolQmsf] tf/Lkmdf sf7df8f}+sf] yfgsf]6df xf];\ cyjf wgs'6fsf] uf]h]{ n]sdf xf];\Ù o:tf uLt hg hgsf 78 ÷ /rgf

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cf]7af6 lge{o eP/ ufOG5g\ eg] Tof] JolQm jf:tjdf hgtfs} lk|o g]tf ePsf] dfGg'kb{5 . aL=kL= sf]O/fnfn] g]kfnL ;flxTodf of}g dgf]ljZn]if0fnfO{ dgf]j}1flgs 9Ën] k|:t't u/L cfVofgnfO{ gjLg :j¿k lbg'eof] . ;flxTonfO{ /fhgLlts x:tIf]kaf6 d'Qm /fVg'kb{5 eGg] dfGotfdf ;w}+ b[9 /xg'eof] . g]kfnL cfVofgnfO{ gjLg lzNk / ;f}Gbo{n] 9sdSs kfb}{ :t/Lo / ;d[4 agfpg aL=kL=n] ug'{ePsf] of]ubfg k|lt jfª\doIf]q ;b}j s[t1 /xg] 5 . lj=;+=@)@& k';–df3sf] ‘/rgf’ klqsfdf s[i0frGb|l;+x k|wfgsf] ætLg 3'DtL vl08t k|jfxÆ zLif{s n]v k|sflzt ePsf] lyof] . aL=kL=n] Tof] k9\ g'ePsf] / cfˆgf] df}lvs k|ltlqmof lbg'ePsf] s[i0frGb|hL ;'gfpg' x'GYof] . aL=kL=k'/:sf/ ;df/f]xdf o; k+lQmsf/sf] kl/ro lb+b} jl/i7 ;dfnf]rs cle ;'j]bLn] JoQm u/]sf] dGtJosf oL c+z oxfF k|:t't ug'{ ;fGble{s nfUb5 . ;'j]bLn] eGg'ePsf] lyof]Ù æ@)!& ;fndf /fhf dx]Gb|n] aL=kL / pgsf] ;/sf/ clg ;+;b eËu/]/ zf;g ;Qf lnPkl5sf] /fhgLlts lrGtg, lrGts / cvjf/x¿sf] Oltxf; /fhgLltn] /l~ht Oltxf; xf] . Tof] kl/jt{gsf] lrq ls Tof] Joj:yfsf] ;dy{gdf ls g]kfndf yf]/} e"ldut / aflx/ uP/ ul/g] lj/f]wsf n]v / lstfax¿df ul/of] . Tolt ug{ ;Dej lyof] . t/ Tof] /fhgLlts lsl;dsf] lrq x'GYof] / Tof] sfn cg';f/ kl/jt{g ePsf] 5 . ToxL ;q ;fnb]lv Pp6f ;dfgfGt/ / k[ys wf/sf] lk|G6 ;+:s[lt / n]vgsf] k/Dk/f rln/Xof] . Tof] ;flxlTos kqsfl/tfsf] k/Dk/f lyof] . of] k/Dk/fnfO{ @)!* ;fnb]lv wfg]/ cfPsf clxn];Dd lgoldt ‘/rgf’ ;flxlTos klqsf rnfO/xg] /f]rs l3ld/] x'g\ . …¿k /]vfÚsf pQd s'Fj/ / afnd's'Gbb]j kf08] lbj+ut eO;s] . k'?iff]Qd a:g]tn] klg alnof] ;flxlTos klqsf rnfP . ltgsf] ‘d's'6’ sf+u|];sf] d'vkq ePgÙ h:tf] jL=kL=sf] ;flxTo sf+u|]; ;flxTo ePg . of] ;dfgfGt/ kqsfl/tfn] l;h{gzLnx¿sf ljrf/ / af]nLx¿ k|sflzt ul//Xof] . of] k/Dk/fdf ejfgL l3ld/], gu]Gb| /fh zdf{, cRo't /d0f clwsf/L / c¿ ;flxlTosx¿sf] k|of; hf/L /Xof] . ;Djt\ !((! df g]kfnL n]vsx¿n] cf/De u/]sf] ‘zf/bf’sf] k|sfzg /f0ff zf;sx¿;Fu u/]sf] cleJolQmsf] df}g ;Demf}tf lyof] . Tof] k/Dk/fsf] cfh klg ;flxTo /rgf / klqsfdf lgjf{x ePsf] 5Æ cGTodf– aL=kL= sf]O/fnf h:tf :jgfdwGo cd/ ;|i6fsf gfdsf] k'/:sf/af6 ;Ddflgt x'g kfpg' o; k+lQmsf/n] cfˆgf] ;f}efUo 7fg]sf] 5 . o;lglDt k'/:sf/ :yfks ;+:yf, o;sf cWoIf >Lxif{ sf]O/fnf ;lxtsf kbflwsf/Lx¿k|lt xflb{s s[t1tf JoQm ub{5' .

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k"0ff{Í – !%&

Profile for Basu Shrestha

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