Artists’ Protest Public Landscapes Writtle School of Design 2013
Shrubs and Perennials Reeds Perennials and Annuals Perennials and Annuals Small Trees/ Shrubs Tilia Unified paving and shared space. Cherry
The Eiffel Tower, constructed by Gustaf Eiffel for the 1889 Paris World Exhibition, has become an iconic structure. With it’s 320m it is widely considered a piece of structural art, it’s grandness complementing Hausmann’s vision of Paris. At the time of it’s construction however, it sparked controversy and wide criticism, most notably perhaps from the “Committee of 300”; mainly artists, composers, writers and architects. They protested against what they described as a “ghastly and monstrous monument” overshadowing all of Paris’ beautiful monuments and landmarks. The 1880’s also saw the emergence of Montmartre as the bohemian home of artists and writers, the birth of Impressionism and a certain longing for the picturesque landscape. This design reflects the opposition of the time of the tower’s construction. By taking back the streets; allowing plants to take over and creating better space for pedestrians and cyclists.
Approximate Scale on all plan and sections
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Ideal Schematic Diagram; connecting different spaces.
Functional Diagram; connecting different spaces.
The bridge has been closed for traffic, allowing pedestrians to wander towards the tower at a leisurely pace. (Cyclists) (Cyclists)
The Eiffel Tower is reflected in the bridge and the pedestrian walk leading to the tower from the north and south through bedding arrangements conaining native/symbolic french plants, such as poppy, lavender, aster, borago and typical french herbs. The bedding arrangements also allow seating and are arranged in such a way that they allow for events and activities to take place along the bridge, such as markets, pop-up shops and stalls and cafes. Restricting traffic from 8 to 5 lanes means there is more room for pedestrians and cyclists. The space in front of the tower become a shared space, forcing traffic to move slower and more efficiently. Cyclists still have an own lane, separating traffic and cyclists by a row of decorative trees. Buses have a separate bus lane.
Bus Lane, South
Cyclists must dismount to cross the bridge. At the foot of the bridge, traffic restriction allows for alternative uses, opening up possibilities for seating areas, both permanent and temporary. Cyclist Lane, South
Bus Lane, North Cars, North Cyclist Lane, North
New arrangement of Traffic/Movement
The space in front of the Eiffel Tower is transformed to a calm square by limiting traffic and introducing shared space, encouraging drivers to make alternative routes and to drive slower and mroe carefully.
Pedestrians and cyclists enjoying a walk in Paris.
Just south of the MusĂŞe du Quai Banly, the access road for the waterfront is restricted for personal vehicles, allowing only public transport at certain times of the day. Unified paving is introduced, using the existing paving pattern from the waterfront. This paving is pulled out and widened, creating a square that could be used for events and activities, in co-operation with the musum or independently.
Informal dancing at the new square.