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M O R L E Y T H O M A S D A W E , F.L.S. F . R . G . S . BoEN at Sticklepath in the County of Devon in 1880, the Guild President, Mr. Morley T. Da we, spent his early days in the delightful country bordering Dartmoor, and it is probably this circumstance that accounts for his love of open spaces and natural scenery. Having decided on an outdoor life he adopted horticulture as a profession and commenced his early training in his native county. Entering Kew in 1900, he spent most of his time in the propa,gating departments and took the routine courses of study, soon developing a special taste for economic botany. I n 1902 he was appointed Assistant in the Botanical, Forestry, and Scientific Department of the Uganda Protectorate, and was promoted head of that Department in 1903. In Uganda he directed the Botanical Gardens at Entebbe, and established experimental, plantations, model farms, and cotton-seed farms in different centres. He also initiated rubber and cocoa planting on plantation lines, and the system of cotton planting amongst natives that has since proved such a successful undertaking. He was the first officer to undertake the systematic investigation of the agricultural and forest resources of the Protectorate, and a report on a tour of the country which he undertook in 1905 was j'.nblislied as a Blue Book (Od. 2904), and also in the Linnean Society's Journal (November 1906), with a descriptive list of his new species contributed by Dr. Stapf. This tour disclosed several new species of Landolphia rubber vines, and many valuable timbers of the mahogany, cedar, and yellowwood (Fodocarptis) classes. These discovei'ies led to the exploitation of the forests for rubber, timber, and other products. During his term of service with the Uganda Administration Mr. Dawe travelled through the Sudan and Egypt, and on another occasion he visited India and Ceylon. I n the last named country he procured a number of economic plants which he introduced to Uganda, and these formed the origin of many of the plantations that exist in the country to-day. Mr. Dawe was held in high esteem by the planting and commercial community in Uganda, and in May 1909 was made the recipient of an illuminated address at a dinner given hiin in recognition of his services. In August 1910, he resigned the Uganda appointment and took service with the Cia de Mozambique as Director of Agriculture in Portuguese East Afiioa. On arriving at Boira Mr Dawe found the afiiiirs of the farming community in a critical state, and he was then commissioned by the Acting Governor to visit the farmers and to enquire into their difficulties and complaints with a view to removing them. That this mission was a success may be judged by the fact that, in.the early part of 1912, Mr. Dawe was able to organise the first agricultural show ever held in the country. This was conducted with such success that it was made the occasion of a great display of loyalty on the part of the farming community, and gained for Mr, Dawe a high degree of popularity. Whilst in Mozambique Mr. Dawe established experimental farms and plantations, managed the large rubber and coconut estates of the Government, and controlled the grading of maize exported from the port of Beira. He also initiated a project for the exti'action of rubber from the dry bark of the Landolphia vines, and imported a Valour Extracting Plant for this purpose. The transport of the plant to the site involved the construction of a road 120 kilometres long from the Beira Railway through virgin country, but after many difficulties 2B2

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