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HERMANN

WENDLAND.

AMONG the many Germans who have "graduated" in horticulture at Kew, the distinguished Director of the famous Royal Gardens at Herrenhausen, Hanover, stands out conspicuously as one who has accomplished much in the fields of both botany and horticulture. He was born in October 1823, in Herrenhausen, where his father and grandfather preceded him as Director of the Gardens, and where he received his early training. He left his father to study under Professor Bartling in the Botanic Gardens at GSttingen and Dr. Schott at Schonbrunn, proceeding thence to Kew. Here he was employed nearly two years as a gardener, leaving in 1849 to return to Herrenhausen where he worked as Assistant until his father's death, which occurred in 1870, when the son was appointed Director. In 1857 he was sent on a botanical expedition into Guatemala and Central America, where he collected many new and interesting plants, and introduced many by means of seeds, etc., afterwards distributing them from Herrenhausen. One of his best known discoveries was Anthurium scherzerianum, which he found in Costa Rica and which flowered at Kew in 1862, when a figure of it was published in tho Botanical Jfagazine, t. 5319, where it is described as " A very singular little plant." I Herr "Wendland prepared and published in 1854 a list of the Palms cultivated in European collections. This was followed by researches amongst the plants of this difficult order with so much zeal and activity that he soon became the recognized first authority upon Palms. Sir Joseph Hooker acknowledges his indebtedness to Herr "Wendland's monographs etc. in the preparation of tho Genera Plantarum. He has also made a speciality of the cultivation of Palms, the collection at Herrenhausen rivalling that at Kew. There has always been a ready interchange of living examples between the two establishments. Orchids have also been objects of special attention with Herr Wendland, the collection he has formed and cultivated with exceptional success for many years being described by his bosom friend, the late Professor Reichenbach, as by far the richest in botanical species that had ever been formed. Until within the last few years Herr Wendland visited Kew annually, spending several days amongst the cultivated Palms, Orchids, etc., and endearing himself to the officials by his urbanity. His knowledge of tropical plants and their cultural requirements is exceptional, and his readiness to impart this knowledge to others made his visits profitable as well as enjoyable. In 1891 Herr Wendland celebrated his fiftieth year of professional work. He was present at the Ghent Quinquennial in 1898, and officiated as a judge. He is still in the enjoyment of good health, and continues to perform the duties of Director or " Hofgiirtner" with unflagging zeal and activity. His portrait, an exceedingly good one, here reproduced, was taken when he was in his seventieth year.

Profile for Kew Guild Journal

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