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WILLIAM BOITING HEMSLEY, F.R.S., F.L.S., was born in Sussex in 1843,

and began his gardening career under his father. In 1860 he came to Kew, and this year, 1899, sees him at the head of the greatest Herbarium in the world. In a way these dates identify him with the Winter Garden just completed, for in 1860 this magnificent structure was commenced and in 1899 it has begun to fulfil the full promise of many years. He evinced a taste for Botany in his early years, and an accident brought him to the notice of Mrs. Hall,— daughter of William Borrer, then a leading British Botanist and a friend of Sir William Hooker. She recommended him to the Director of Kew, and he entered as a young gardener in September 1860, being then barely seventeen. After a few months' experience in the Gardens he was borrowed from the Garden staff to assist in the Herbarium under Allan Black. His aptitude for herbarium work led to his obtaining a more permanent position as Assistant. Meanwhile he had studied diligently in his own time, and acquired a considerable knowledge of French, German, and other modern languages. But the strain of official work and private study told on his health, and. in 1867 he reluctantly left Kew for a period of rest, and when health again permitted him to work it was in a different sphere. During 1872-3 he assisted at Rothamsted in conducting a series of agricultural experiments. Later we find him occupied on the Botany of Central America, and author of the five thick quarto volumes which make up the " Botany " of Godman and Salvin's Biologia Centrali-Americana. This was a return to Herbarium work, and was further continued in the working up of the materials collected on the voyage of H.M.S. ' Challenger.' Three more thick quarto volumes compose his report on this, and aro filled in a large measure with accounts of the vegetation of isolated islands. Another botanical work of which he is joint author is the Index Flora? Sinensis—an enumeration of the plants of China—the completion of which is almost ready for press. This last, his special forte of insular floras, and the investigation of high mountain vegetation, have most occupied his pen of late years. He compiled, we might almost say he was author of, that useful Garden book A Handbook of Hardy Trees, Shrubs, and Herbaceous Plants, published by Longman in 1877. Iu bygone times he contributed largely to the Gardeners' Chronicle and The Garden,—to the latter journal popular monographs of large genera, and a series of profusely illustrated articles on elementary botany specially written for gardeners. He has contributed liberally to the pages of our Journal; his " Reminiscences," published in the first number, being of historical interest. In 1875 he was elected Associate of the Linnean Society of London, in 1896 Fellow of the same body, and in 1889 Fellow of the Royal Society. He was appointed Assistant for India at Kew in 1883, aud in 1890, when Mr. Baker succeeded Prof. Oliver as Keeper of the Herbarium, he succeeded the former as Principal Assistant; and this year he again succeeded him as Keeper of the Herbarium. He lives with his wife and daughter in the house near the Main Entrance to the Gardens and facing the Herbarium. His son Oliver T. Hemsley entered Kew as a boy-gardener in 1893, and is now Assistant in the Government Cinchona Plantations, Mungpoo. B2