The Journal of the Kew Guild - Events of 2018

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Founded in 1893 T e Ass Th s ociation of ss o members r of rs o th t e Ke K w sta taf ta aff ff past and present, t and t, t ose inte th t reste te t d in fu te f rth t ering th th t e purp r oses of rp o th t e Guild

Events of 2018 Published in 2019 V lume 17 Vo Number 123 Registered charity No. 1174033

ISSN 2046�1526

Editor: Sparkle Wa W rd Advisory Editor: Richard Wa W rd Email:

Printed by WPG Group Limited Printing House, Severn Farm, We W lshpool, Powys SY21 7DF

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

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Cover Photos Front: The Te T mperate House, on the fi f rst day of re-opening Rear: Timelap a se of the Te ap T mperate House du d ring restoration (beginning to end, L to R). Photos kindly provided by Scott Ta T ylor. © The Kew Guild 2019. All rights reserved. No part of this pub u lication may be reprodu ub d ced, stored du in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any fo f rm or by any means – electronic, mechanical, photocopied, recorded or otherw r ise – without the prior written permission of The Kew Guild or its rw designated reprodu d ction rights organisations. du Copyright of photos/text are held by the Kew Guild unless otherwise indicated.

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Contents Off ffi ff ficers and Tr Tru rustees .................................................................................................................255 Editorial .....................................................................................................................................256 Peter Styles, President ...............................................................................................................257 David Simpson, President Elect ................................................................................................258 Harold (Graham) Heywood, Vi V ce President..............................................................................259 Charitab a le Incorp ab r orated Organisation (CIO) Tr rp Tru rustees ..............................................................260 Annual General Meeting of the Kew Guild (old)......................................................................260 Annual General Meeting of the Kew Guild CIO (new) ............................................................265 School of Horticultu t re, Kew Diploma Prize Day......................................................................275 tu Course 56 photo.........................................................................................................................280 Stu t dent Report ...........................................................................................................................281 tu Kew Guild Events in 2018 ........................................................................................................282 Isles of Scilly....................................................................................................................................282 Kew Guild Dinner............................................................................................................................284 Kew Guild Wa W kehurst AGM and Aru r ndel Castle visits...................................................................286 ru

Kew Guild Aw A ard Scheme 2018 ...............................................................................................292 Kew Guild Aw A ard Scheme Reports ................................................................................294 T ip to Stu Tr t dy Oaks and Conife tu f rs in a Califo fe f rn fo r ian Landscap a e with the Intern ap r ational Oak Society..294 rn Level Three Certifi f cate in Community Orcharding.........................................................................295 fi Nigeria: Mount Gangirw r al Expedition ............................................................................................297 rw A Tr T ip to the Wo W nders of Jap a anese Historic Gardens ......................................................................299 ap

The Kew Guild Honorary r Membership.....................................................................................300 ry News of Honorary r Fellows 2018...............................................................................................301 ry The George Brown Memorial Aw A ard, Sandy Atkins.................................................................305 Kew News 2018 ........................................................................................................................306 An up u date fo f r the Kew Guild provided by Director Richard Deverell .....................................316 2018: A Review of the Wa W kehurst Ye Y ar (and We W ather Report) .................................................319 Kew Guild Medal Recipient, Martin Duncan............................................................................322 W sp Spiders at Kew.................................................................................................................322 Wa Book review fo f r Kew Guild Journ r al - Shades of Green............................................................323 rn Sweetp t ea Seed Produ tp d ction in New Zealand..............................................................................324 du Exploring the wonders of Vi V etnam and Laos ............................................................................326 Kew Guild CIO - a brief overview ............................................................................................328 T mperate House Restoration....................................................................................................329 Te Kew’s outreach initiative engages millions more people ..........................................................331 Kew Guild Journ r al 100 Ye rn Y ars Ago ............................................................................................333 Committee Deliberations...........................................................................................................333 My Career..................................................................................................................................333 News of Kewites in 2018 ..........................................................................................................341 Obitu t aries ..................................................................................................................................353 tu Financial Accounts ....................................................................................................................363 Address List of Members ..........................................................................................................365

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The Kew Guild Patron: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra The Kew Guild Committee 2018-2019 Off ffi ff ficers: President: President Elect: V ce President (elected 2018): Vi Past President: Acting Secretary r : ry V luntary Vo r Tr ry T easurer: Membership Secretary r : ry Editor: Pub u licity and Promotions: ub W bsite Manager: We T ustees: Tr Jean Griff ffi ff fin Stewart Henchie Harold (Graham) Heywood T ny Overland To David Simpson

Peter Styles David Simpson Graham Heywood Jean Griff ffi ff fin Sara Arn r old (non-Committee post) rn Linda Baharier (non-Committee post) Jean Griff ffi ff fin Sparkle Wa W rd (non-Committee post) Jean Griff ffi ff fin Jonathan Rickards

Alan Stu t ttard tu Timothy Upson Chris Kidd Peter Styles

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Editorial Dear fe f llow Guild members, This Kew Guild year must certainly have been the busiest ever. Countless hours and days have been spent in discussion and by email by many voluntary r ry Guild members, to bring the Guild up u to what we see today. W Editors are not Guild We Committee members, although we endeavour to attend Committee meetings in an Kew Guild Editor, at Natu t re’s Wi tu W ndow, w w, advisory r cap ry a acity. As time goes ap Kalbarri National Park, Australia on, and technology improves, we can see that the necessity fo f r Committee members to travel fr f om around the country r to Kew fo ry f r meetings several times per year may well not be essential. Certainly the commitment by current Tr Tru rustees is a big one, and we owe them our thanks. The large sub u scription increase in 2015 resulted in a decrease on members, but numbers ub have since recovered, and we believe that the Guild is on a strong fo f oting. However, its main strength is in its members. We W urge you to encourage your fe f llow Kewites to join; and we urge you, as members who are reading this Journ r al, to put yourself fo rn f rward fo f r Committee involvement. Email our Secretary r today! ry And whilst you’re at it, email your news to newsofk f fo fk f r pub u lication in the Events of 2019 Journ ub r al. rn W particularly thank Alex George fo We f r checking botanical and plant names, at very r short ry notice, this year. And Pamela Holt fo f r News of Kewites, and Graham Burgess fo f r compiling Obitu t aries. Floreat Kew. tu Sparkle Wa W rd Richard Wa W rd

Editor Advisory r Editor ry

Flat 2, 62 Mortlake Road, Kew, w Richmond, Surrey TW9 4AT w, A AT T l/Fax: 07986802669 Te Email: President Acting Secretary r ry T easurer Tr Membership Events Pub u licity and Promotions ub A ards Scheme Aw News of Kewites secretary r ry newsofk f fk

Peter Styles Sara Arn r old rn Linda Baharier Brian Phillips Jean Griff ffi ff fin Chris Kidd Pamela Holt

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Peter Styles

President 2018/2019 I was born r and edu rn d cated in Bristol and fo du f llowing in my fa f ther’s fo f otsteps I commenced my career in horticultu t re, initially as an ap tu a prentice in Bristol Zoological Gardens under John Hughes and then as a gardener at Bristol University Botanic Gardens. I later worked at Wy W evale’s Nurseries in Thorn r bury rn r . A holiday with a fr ry f iend to London in 1965, ostensibly to visit the R&B clubs the Marquee and Eel Pie Island, but also taking in Kew Gardens, intr t odu tr d ced me to th du t e Kew Diploma Course. The fo f llowing year I applied and to my astonishment was off ffe ff fered a place. George Brown was on the interview panel and I remember waxing lyrical ab a out a matu tur tu ure Ginkg k o biloba I had kg seen growing at Bristol Botanics. Later, George Brown, appreciating my artistic temperament, gave me the opportunity to illustrate his arb r oricultu rb t ral books. tu I entered Kew as a stu t dent in 1966. It was at Kew that I met my wife tu f Liz, nee Baylis and fe also through John Brookes was introdu d ced to the heady world of landscap du a e design and ap landscap a e architectu ap t re. A fe tu f llow stu t dent, Mike Shorey, tu y gave me one of the early journ y, r als rn of the Institu t te of Landscap tu a e Architects and I kn ap k ew instantly that this was to be my calling. John later off ffe ff fered me a position to work in his design studio. Leo Pemberton, John Simmons and Charles Erskine were all great mentors fo f r me at Kew. To T sup u plement things up I work r ed with rk t Roger Storr th rr, rr r, John Lawrence and Peter Cloth t ier in th th t eir emb m ry mb r onic gardening business. I recall that Richard Wa W rd had a competing business. In 1969 I left f Kew to join the landscap ft a e group ap u at the GLC Parks Dept. A busy time at the up GLC creating new high rise social housing estates across London and working with some of the top architects of the day. At the same time I was also working fr f eelance fo f r Land Use Consultants on reclamation sites in Stoke-on-Tr T ent and with garden designer David Tr Stephens. In 1970 I enrolled on the part time evening course in landscap a e architectu ap t re at tu Thames Polytechnic. Kewites Leo Pemberton, Ben Jakobsen and Peter Hunt were also involved in that course, so it was pretty much a home fr f om home. This was the only London based landscap a e architectu ap t re course at that time. I declined off tu ffe ff fered places on the Newcastle and Manchester Universities degree courses prefe f rring to stay in London. I fe eventually qualifi f ed as a chartered landscape architect in 1974 and was subsequently fi elected Fellow of the Landscap a e Institu ap t te. I was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society tu of Arts. I sub u sequ ub q ently went on to work qu r as landscap rk a e architect with the London Borough of Ealing ap architects department. I didn’t realise it at the time, but To T ny Overland and Tr T evor Preston were also there in the Parks Dept. Later I moved to the London Borough of Wa W ndsworth architects department as group u leader, setting up up u a new team of landscap a e architects in the ap a chitects depar ar art ar rtm tment. David Ta Tab aber was in char arg ar rge of th t e Par ark ar rks an a d later Michael Wi W lkinson, but our paths never crossed! 1976 saw a complete change in career when I joined the practice of The Ecology and Landscap a e Design Partnership based in Pall Mall, London. ap A year later I relocated to mid Wa W les with Liz and our two daughters to set up u a new off ffi ff fice f r the practice which was helping to develop a new town in mid Wa fo W les. Laura Ashley

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258 f atu fe t red large in our client port tu r fo rt f lio! The intention was to stay in mid Wa W les fo f r th t ree years and then move back to London, but this never hap a pened. The practice eventu ap t ally changed tu its name to Lingard Farr r ow Styles Ltd with off rr ffi ff fices in We W lshpool and Shrewsbury r . Another ry Shropshire man, Bry r an Howard, is a fr ry f equent visitor to our off ffi ff fices.

My work has taken me around the world with proj o ects in South Afr oj f ica, India, Florida and fr mainland Europe. This gives me the opportu t nity to meet up tu u with other Kewites. I have been fo f rtu t nate in the vast range of landscap tu a e commissions that I have received but those ap that give me the greatest satisfa f ction are the ones in the public domain. These have fa included social housing in Southwark, a community fa f rm in Surrey Docklands, a winery r ry in Shrewsbury ry, ry y, Abery r stwyth University, ry y special needs schools in Snowdonia and work on y, the National Garden Festivals. At the NGF in Ebbw Va V le I successfu f lly estab fu a lished a large ab grove of Araucaria araucana on the vast hills of blast fu f rn r ace debris much to the chagrin of the fe f stival organisers. I have also managed to slip in a fe f w Chelsea Show Gardens! In 2003 I was honoured to be nominated fo f r a special Landscap a e Institu ap t te Aw tu A ard, presented to the landscap a e architect who has contributed the most to the We ap W lsh landscap a e over the ap last 25 years. I promote the arts and science horticultu t re and landscap tu a e through my work, and this has ap led me into academia and edu d cation. I have been a stu du t dio tu tu t tor at the Bartlett School of Architectu t re, part time senior lectu tu t rer in art, design and landscap tu a e at Glyndwr University, ap y y, external moderator fo f r the horticulture and landscape design degree courses at Harp r er rp Adams University, y landscape design course tutor at the We y, W lsh College of Horticulture, schools mentor and role model fo f r the We W lsh Govern r ments Big Ideas programme, sat on rn various Landscap a e Institu ap t te technical committees, chaired the Landscap tu a e Institu ap t te Wa tu W les committee and was vice chair of the Board fo f r Oriel Davies Gallery r . I also continue my ry role as extern r al examiner in landscap rn a e design and constr ap tru tr ruction on th t e Kew diploma Course and I currently mentor landscap a e architect stu ap t dents both through my off tu ffi ff fice and with the Landscap a e Institu ap t te. I fe tu f el th t at th t e Kew Guild has mu m ch to off ffe ff fer to young people in helping them develop their careers and opening up u new opportu t nities. Floreat Kew. tu

David Simpson President Elect

Dave was born r in Lancaster but spent his fo rn f rmative years in the sub u urb ub r s of Preston. He is rb very r proud of his nort ry rth rt th-western r roots even th rn t ough he has spent over half his life f in London. fe Alth t ough his up th u bringing was very r sub ry u urb ub r an, he developed early interests in plants, wildlife rb f fe and the countryside, with fr f equent outings to the Lake District and Yo Y rkshire Dales. Childhood inspirations was a set of pictu t re cards collected fr tu f om packets of Ty T phoo Te Ta depicting British wild fl f owers and a copy of the Observers Book of Birds. Along with steam trains (!) these interests have been maintained and enj n oyed to the present day. nj Dave graduated with a BSc in Botany and Forestry fr f om Bangor University in 1977 f llowed by an MSc in Plant and Fungal Ta fo T xonomy at Reading University in 1978. He then went back north to Lancaster University, y working part time as an herb y, r arium curator rb while researching fo f r a PhD. A postdoc at Tr T inity College Dub u lin fo ub f llowed (where he met Rose, his wife f , who is also a Kew botanist) and then ap fe a pointment as a plant taxonomist at Kew in 1985. His career at Kew saw him progress to Keeper of the Herb r arium, until that rb role was ab a olished in the 2014 Science restru r ctu ru t re. His fi tu f nal role befo f re retirement in 2015 fo was Head of the new Identifi f cation & Naming Department. He has also been actively fi involved in teaching and PhD sup u ervision, with 23 stu up t dents awarded PhDs. tu Dave’s research interests are fo f cused on plant taxonomy and especially on Cyperaceae

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259 (sedges). He has pub u lished extensively on this fa ub f mily, y discovering and describing many y, new species. Kew has aff ffo ff forded wonderfu f l opportu fu t nities fo tu f r travel and he has visited every r ry continent except Antarctica. Befo f re Kew he spent two summers in Greenland. His work fo at Kew has fo f cussed on Southeast Asia, with particular interests in Thailand and IndoChina. Retirement has allowed him to return to botanical research and current proj o ects oj include writing taxonomic accounts of Grasses fo f r the Flora of Thailand and Sedges fo f r the Floras of Singap a ore, Peninsular Malaysia and Camb ap m odia, Laos and Vi mb V etnam. He is still actively involved with Kew as an Associate Editor of its fl f agship science journal Ke K w Bulletin. Beyond Kew Dave has been a Vi V siting Profe f ssor at Tr fe T inity College Dub u lin and Kh ub K on Kaen University (Thailand), and an Adj d unct Profe dj f ssor at the University of New England. fe Currently, y he is a Vi y, V siting Research Fellow at Tr T inity College Dublin and a member of f ve editorial boards, including the Flora of Thailand and Thai Forest Bulletin. Dave and fi Rose live in Kingston up u on Thames and enj n oy meeting fr nj f iends old and new through both Kew and the Kew Guild.

Harold (Graham) Heywood V ce President Vi

Graham secured his fi f rst job as ap a prentice horticultu t rist with tu the fi f rm of G W Ya Y tes and Son, Seedsmen and Nurserymen who had extensive nurseries at Plumley near Knutsfo f rd and fo three retail shops in central Manchester. Around two and a half years later, he began fo f rmal training on a private estate near East Grinstead on a scheme called British Boys fo f r British Horticultu t re (managed in conj tu n unction with the YMCA). Aft nj f er ft completing this, he secured a place as ap a prentice gardener at Bangor University (attached to the Department of Botany), where he spent the next three years. Graham entered Kew as an improver in March 1965, fo f r the start of the fi f rst year of the new three year Diploma Course. During his time at Kew, he was also a member of the Kew Cricket Te T am du d ring a coup u le of seasons and a member of the up Mutu t al Improvement Society. He also led the debate (Kew/Wi tu W sley debating society) into Wi cap a ital punishment in 1966. On leaving Kew in September of 1968 his fi ap f rst post was that of Te T chnical Assistant in the recently fo f rmed Leisure Services Department of Te T esside County Borough Council. In 1972 he secured the post of Deputy Parks and Cemeteries Sup u erintendent with Wa up W rrington Borough Council. In 1977 Graham secured the post of Deputy t Director of Park ty r s an rk a d Recreation at Bolton. Graham retired fr f om local Govern r ment rn service in 1998. For the next two years, he was a part time lectu t rer in Leisure Services tu Studies on the BSc Hons. course at Salfo f rd University and in 2000 commenced eleven fo and a half years as Deputy Chief Off ffi ff ficer with a local charity. Nowadays, he spends most of his time as a volunteer Tr Tru rustee, helping to ru r n a local charity that sup u ports parents and carers of people (18+) with autism spectru up r m conditions. He is ru actively involved in his local Church and in his spare time enj n oys reading biographies, nj classical music and tending to his garden. Graham has been an active memb m er of the Guild mb f r some time, attending Committee meetings and both attending and organising Kew fo Guild events and has been a fr f equent contributor to the Guild Journal. He is excited to take on this extra responsibility with his usual level of enthusiasm and dedication.

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Charitable Incorporated p Organisation g ((CIO)) Tr T ustees As part of the CIO change, du d ring September 2018 at the Kew Guild AGM, the fo f llowing Tru Tr rustees were elected: Margaret (Jean) Griff ffi ff fin, Alan Stu t ttard, Stewart Henchie, Timothy tu Upson, Harold (Graham) Heywood, Chris Kidd, To T ny Overland, Peter Styles, David Simpson. Alth t ough we have always had Tr th Tru rustees and Committee Memb m ers th mb t e requ q ired legal change qu to just Tr Tru rustees as part of the new CIO will benefi f t the Guild in greater eff fi ffi ff ficiency and a tighter working group u to serve the membership. The Tr up Tru rustees will still be sup u ported by ex up off ffi ff ficio, non-voting memb m ers and th mb t ese include, but are not exclusively limited to Secretary ry, ry y, T easurer and Journ Tr r al Editor. We rn W also rely on our loyal sup u port members to assist us in up the continuance of the Kew obj b ectives. bj At every AGM of the Kew Guild one third of the Tru r stees will retire fr ru f om off ffi ff fice. The Tru Tr rustees will remain in post fo f r one year, and those Tr Tru rustees who have been longest in off ffi ff fice since their last ap a pointment will retire on rotation. The Tr Tru rustees can ap a point new Tru Tr rustees based on nominations received and considered fr f om the membership. We W have elected to have a maximum of nine Tr Tru rustees. The positions of President, President Elect and Vi V ce President will be ap a pointed fr f om Tr Tru rustees as required by the CIO.

Minutes of the 2018 Annual General Meetingg of The Kew Guild held on 8th September 20118 The Mansion, Wa W kehurst Place, We W st Sussex Those present Committee: Jean Griff ffi ff fin (President) Alan Stu t ttard (Immediate Past President) tu Peter Styles (Vi V ce President) Vi Sylvia Phillips (Membership) Sara Arn r old (C. Secretary rn r ) ry Linda Baharier (V. V Tr V. T easurer) Chris Kidd (Aw A ard Scheme Chairman) Aw Jonathan Rickards (We W bsite) We David Hardman

Stewart Henchie Graham Heywood Pamela Holt T ny Overland To Leo Pemberton Martin Sands David Simpson Tim Upson

Members: Jenny Edmonds T icia Fisher Tr John Gaggini Allan Hart Carol Hart T m (Albert) Wo To W od

John Isaac Colin Jones Reg Leach Jill Marsden Brendan Mowfo f rth fo

Martin Sands Martin Stanifo f rth fo David Ta Tab aber Paul To T mpsett Richard Wa W rd

Guests: David Edmonds Andrew Fisher Janette Gaggini Joan Hart Eira Heywood

Julian Heywood John Medhurst Jan Overland Claire Pearce Brian Phillips

V ronica Priestly Ve W ndy Stanifo We f rth fo Diana Stu t ttard tu Chantal Ta Tab aber Davina Wo W od

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Apologies fo f r absence Committee: Graham Burgess David Cutler Sal Demain

Alex George Bob Ivison Jim Mitchell

Susan Urp r eth rp Sparkle Wa W rd (Editor)

Members: Begona Aguirre-Hudson Richard Bisgrove Stephen Butler Stu t art Cave tu Mark Chase Derek Coates Marcella Corcoran Raymond Evison Hugh Flower Clive Gordon Jenny Gru r ndy ru

Judy Hancock Colin Hindmarch Bry r an Howard ry Roy Jones Christine Leon Helen Marriage Brian Matthew David Matthewman David Morgan Simon Owens Rod and Jean Peach

Brian Pitcher Clive Popham Udai Pradhan Graham Ross T ny Ross To T ny Schilling To Shirley Sherwood John Simmons Colin We W bster Joan Wo W odhams


W lcome by the President Jean Griff We ffi ff fin

The President opened the meeting at 2pm and thanked every r one fo ry f r coming. There has been a good tu t rn r out. Jean thanked members fo f r electing her as President fo f r this year. 02.18

Apologies fo f r Absence

There were numerous ap a ologies fo f r ab a sence (as noted ab a ove). 03.18 To T approve the minutes of the Annual General Meeting of the Kew Guild unincorporated charity (registered charity number 306064) of 9th September 2017 as printed in the Journal, Vo V lume 17 Number 122 at pages 135-147 and as previously distributed with the Notice. 04.18

Matters arising fr f om the minutes not on the agenda

Allan Hart asked if the minutes could be circulated to members aft f er AGM and not just ft printed in journ r al. SA to bring this to next committee meeting. rn Proposed: Graham Heywood, Seconded: Sylvia Phillips. Decision: Minutes ap a proved and signed by Jean Griff ffi ff fin as a tru r e record of the meeting. ru 05.18 Vo V lunteer Tr T easurer’s report – Linda Baharier – Financial statements printed in the Journal at pages 243-244. Linda ran through her report. The accounts fo f r the year ended 31.12.2017 The restr t icted fu tr f nds increased by £14,589 and th t e unrestr t icted fu tr f nds increased by £41,708. While interest rates have remained low the value of our investments increased du d e to a

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262 steady up u ward trend throughout the year, but this could be more volatile in 2019 du d e to the world market and Brexit. Income in 2017 totalled £46,881 of which £9,567 was fr f om sub u scriptions, £21,937 fr ub f om our investments and £11,435 fr f om donations and £3,942 fr f om other. We W are very r gratefu ry f l fu to the Philip & Granville Tr Tru rust fo f r their kind donation of £1,420, and to Joan Wo W odhams f r the £10,000 legacy to be given as an award of £1,000 per year fo fo f r people studying T opics and Tr Tr T opical plants. This she has presented in memory r of her late husband and ry his interest in this fi f eld, so it will be kn k own as the John Wo W odhams Aw A ard. A ards and prizes of £11,304 were made. £4,842 was spent on produ Aw d cing of the Journ du r al, rn which was an excellent standard. The We W bsite cost this year was £1,169. The membership datab a ase is more as it has required some work this year, so the charge was £1,496. To ab T go over to Direct Debit, we need to look at third parties, and there will be cost implications to this; this is because we have been advised that only large companies/charities with a tur tu urn rnover of £1.5 million are allowed by ban a ks to do th an t eir own direct debits. So, th t e Tr Tru rustees have charged the Finance Committee to look into this. Govern r ance costs which are now called Other Expenditu rn t re and Administrative Costs were tu £7,814 this year, of which £2,099 was fo f r secretarial costs and £501 was fo f r the archivist. There were unrealised gains on the Guild’s investments of £52,062, so the market perfo f rmed well fo fo f r the Guild. The endowment fu f nds are invested in the Charities Off ffi ff ficial Investment Fund Units. £134,864 in the endowment fu f nds, £104,242 in restricted fu f nds, £408,634 in designated f nds and £116,186 in the unrestricted general fu fu f nd have been carried fo f rward to 2018. I would ask you to ap a prove these accounts. There have been some troub u les with the datab ub a ase which will need to be addressed by the ab committee in the coming year. Attachments to this report: Signed page A 2017 Accounts.pdf, f Signed page B 2017 f, Accounts.pdf, f KG Independent Examiners Report 2017 f, Proposed: Martin Stanifo f rth, Seconded: Leo Pemberton. fo Decision: Report and the annual accounts of 2017 ap a proved. 06.18 Update on transfe f r of operations to the CIO (Charitable Incorporated fe Organisation), including explanation of the new rules and streamlined Board of T ustees fo Tr f r the ‘old’ charity. y Presented by Jean Griff y. ffi ff fin. The President ran through the fr f equently asked questions to clarify f to members: fy Why are there two AGMs this year? This is part of the incorp r oration/transition process the Guild has been going through the rp last coup u le of years. All Guild operations have now transfe up f rred to its successor charity, fe y y, the CIO, so this will be the last AGM fo f r the OLD Guild; all fu f tu t re AGMs will be of the CIO. The transfe f r hap fe a pened on 16 August 2018. ap W need to hold an OLD Guild AGM th We t is year just to go th t rough some fi f nal administr t ative tr steps in relation to the transition process.

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263 Is the OLD Guild still operational? No; all Guild operations transfe f rred to the CIO on 16 August 2018. The OLD Guild is fe now just a “shell” charity, y with no assets. y, So is the OLD Guild going to be dissolved? Eventu t ally, tu y but not straight away. Aft y, f er obtaining legal advice, the tru ft r stees decided to ru keep the OLD Guild around fo f r a period – e.g. a fe f w years – to ensure that any legacies given to the OLD Guild in the meantime are safe f ly received by the CIO and not lost. fe This is because of a well-documented technical problem with the charity legislation in this area. Many incorp r orating charities adopt this ap rp a proach. Are the Charity Commission ok with this approach? They should be – charities oft f en decide to keep the old shell charity alive fo ft f r a while aft f er incorp ft r oration fo rp f r this reason and the Commission are hap a py to agree to that. There ap is a possibility that the Commission will request that the OLD Guild is dissolved, in which case the tru r stees may need to take that step. However we will try ru r to ensure the ry OLD Guild is kept around fo f r at least a period fr f om now, w to address the potential legacy w, issue. Why do we need to make changes the OLD Guild rules (if it’s just a shell)? This is just to make management of the shell easier and more eff ffi ff ficient fo f r the Guild. The ru r les take out some things the OLD Guild no longer needs, e.g. a requirement fo f r an AGM, Committee elections etc – again, these are no longer needed because all of this will hap a pen in the CIO in fu ap f tu t re. The changes also allow the CIO to be ap a pointed as the OLD Guild’s sole tru r stee going fo ru f rward, which again will help the Guild manage the shell in an eff ffi ff ficient way. Do I need to worry about the changes? No – again, this is all just admin in relation to the OLD ‘shell’ Guild, since all Guild operations have been transfe f rred to the CIO. fe How about my membership? All memberships have automatically transfe f rred to the CIO, with all current benefi fe f ts. fi The only thing which will need to change in du d e course is your direct debit setu tup tu up, now that you will be paying your membership fe f e to the CIO not the OLD Guild going f rward. fo Also, now the OLD Guild is a non-operational shell, every r one will stop being members ry of the OLD Guild – except fo f r three selected individuals, which are required as a bare minimum. For ease of admin, these three will be Jean Griff ffi ff fin, Peter Styles and To T ny Overland fo f r the time being. Why is there a motion fo f r everyone to resign their membership (except fo f r 3)? As explained ab a ove, this is just to fo f rmally redu d ce the membership of the OLD Guild du down to a small number so the shell can be managed easily going fo f rw r ard and, when the time comes, be dissolved straightfo f rwardly. Again, all members have transfe fo f rred to the fe CIO, which has taken over all Guild operations. What about the OLD Guild Committee? I see there are resignations mentioned in the agenda. As explained ab a ove, fo f r ease of admin fo f r the Guild, the CIO will become the sole tru r stee of the OLD Guild while it is kept alive as a shell. For the CIO to be the sole ru tru r stee, all the other Committee members need to resign. The CIO will be fo ru f rmally

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264 a pointed as the sole tru ap r stee aft ru f er today’s AGMs. ft Martin Sands asked whether advisors need to resign. The President responded that in the f tu fu t re advisors will be invited to meetings on an ad hoc basis as and when they are needed. 07.18 New rules fo f r approval (as previously distributed). To T consider, r and if r, deemed fi f t, pass the fo f llowing motion: That the draft f ru ft r les tab a led fo ab f r consideration at the annual general meeting 2018 be and are hereby adopted as the ru r les of the Kew Guild in sub u stitu ub t tion fo tu f r, and to the exclusion of the Kew Guild’s existing ru r les. Proposed: Chris Kidd, Seconded: Graham Heywood. V tes fo Vo f r: 30 V tes against: None Vo Abstain: None Decision: Approved 08.18 Resignation of members. All members of the Kew Guild automatically became members of the CIO as part of the transfe f r of operations to the CIO. In fe this context, to consider, r and if deemed fi r, f t, pass the fo f llowing motion: That all members of the Kew Guild resign as members of the Kew Guild with immediate eff ffe ff fect, except fo f r the three members to be designated by the Tr Tru rustees. Proposed: To T m (Albert) Wo W od, Seconded: Martin Sands. V tes fo Vo f r: 30 V tes against: None Vo Abstain: None Decision: Approved 09.18

Acknowledgement of retirement of Tr T ustees

The President thanked all of those Tr Tru rustees who have contributed so much to the ru r nning of the Guild. There was a round of ap a plause. 10.18

Any Other Business

Kew Guild Archives Report – Astrid Purton Richard Wa W rd info f rm fo r ed memb m ers that Astrid had comp mb m leted the proj mp o ect she was contracted oj to do but had unfo f rtu fo t nately now left tu f the Guild. Richard will be meeting with a potential ft new Archivist and will report to the fi f rst meeting of the new CIO. Martin Stanifo f rth drew the attention of the meeting to a discrepancy in the date to which fo sub u scriptions should be renewed. This is refe ub f rring to the new Constitu fe t tion and this point tu will be defe f rred to the new CIO. fe The President proposed that the Guild’s lawyer should be made aware of this. The President thanked everyone fo f r coming and dissolved the last meeting of the Kew Guild, charity number 306064 at 14:23. These minutes were recorded as a true record of the meeting and signed by the President, Peter Styles.

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Minutes of the 2018 Annual General Meetingg of The Kew Guild CIO held on 8th September 2018 The Mansion, Wa W kehurst Place, We W st Sussex Attendance: Tr T ustees Peter Styles (President) Jean Griff ffi ff fin (Immediate Past President) Chris Kidd (Aw A ard Scheme Chairman) Aw David Hardman Stewart Henchie Graham Heywood

Pamela Holt Sylvia Phillips (Membership) T ny Overland To David Simpson (Data Protection Officer) Alan Stu t ttard tu Tim Upson

Those in red are retiring at this meeting and those in blue are incoming tru r stees sub ru ubj ub bject to ap a proval. See Minute: COI 2018-19.015. Committee: Sara Arn r old (C. Secretary rn r ) ry Linda Baharier (V. V Tr V. T easurer) Leo Pemberton

Jonathan Rickards (We W bsite) We Martin Sands

Members: Jenny Edmonds T icia Fisher Tr John Gaggini Allan Hart Carol Hart John Isaac Colin Jones Reg Leach

Jill Marsden Brendan Mowfo f rth fo Edward Neighbour Martin Stanifo f rth fo David Ta Tab aber Paul To T mpsett T m (Albert) Wo To W od

Guests: David Edmonds Andrew Fisher Janette Gaggini Joan Hart Eira Heywood Julian Heywood Liz Kidd John Medhurst

Jan Overland Claire Pearce Brian Phillips (Vo V luntary Vo r Events Co-ordinator) ry V ronica Priestly Ve W ndy Stanifo We f rth fo Diana Stu t ttard tu Chantal Ta Tab aber Davina Wo W od

CIO 2018-19.001

W lcome by the President We

The President welcomed every r one to the fi ry f rst Annual General Meeting of the Kew Guild CIO. CIO 2018-19.002 T ustees: Tr Susan Urpeth

Apologies fo f r absence

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Committee: Graham Burgess David Cutler Sal Demain

Alex George Bob Ivison Jim Mitchell

Sparkle Wa W rd (Editor)

Members: Begona Aguirre-Hudson Richard Bisgrove Stephen Butler Stu t art Cave tu Mark Chase Derek Coates Marcella Corcoran Raymond Evison Hugh Flower Clive Gordon Mike Griff ffi ff fin Jenny Gru r ndy ru

Judy Hancock Colin Hindmarch Stan Hitt Bry r an Howard ry Roy Jones Christine Leon Helen Marriage Brian Matthew David Matthewman David Morgan Simon Owens Rod and Jean Peach

Brian Pitcher Clive Popham Udai Pradhan Graham Ross T ny Ross To T ny Schilling To Shirley Sherwood John Simmons Colin We W bster Joan Wo W odhams

The President opened the meeting at 2:24pm. There were 30 voting members present at the meeting. CIO 2018-19.003 Confi f rmation of transfe fi f r of operations fr fe f om Kew Guild unincorporated charity to the CIO Further to the previous AGM, members were asked to vote to confi f rm their agreement of fi the transfe f r of operations fr fe f om the ‘old Guild’ to this new CIO. Proposed: Graham Heywood, Seconded: Stewart Henchie. Vo V tes fo f r: 30 There were no obj b ections or ab bj a stentions. Decision: Motion Carried CIO 2018-19.004

Notice of death of members

Members who passed away during the 2017-18 Guild year are: Margaret Benham, V scount Michael Blakenham (ex RBG Kew tru Vi r stee), John Brookes (Honorary ru r Fellow), ry Geoff f Collins, John Halhead, Norman Hickman, Michael Ly ff L cett and Ron Ru R le. Members present stood fo f r a minute’s silence in honour of those passed. CIO 2018-19.005

Consultant Secretary’s report – Sara Arnold

The Kew Guild CIO met three times du d ring 2018, the fi f rst meeting of the new CIO being in January. Meetings were well attended, and the meetings were quorate in accordance with the new CIO (three or one quarter of tru r stees). ru It has been a privilege to work with Jean, who has worked tirelessly to get every r thing in ry order so th t at th t e tr t ansfe f r to th fe t e CIO went smooth t ly. It has been a hard year fo th f r th t e memb m ers mb involved in the CIO and I would like to thank Jennife f r Alsop fo fe f r being the Guild’s Guru r ru on all things CIO! Proposed meeting dates fo f r the new committee: Monday 15th October, Tuesday 11th December, We W dnesday 6th Febru r ary ru ry, ry y, Thursday 11th April and Friday 7th June.

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CIO 2018-19.006

267 V luntary Tr Vo T easurer’s report – Linda Baharier

Linda asked members present fo f r their ap a proval to ap a point an independent examiner or auditor fo f r the annual accounts of 2018. Proposed: David Simpson, Seconded: Martin Stanifo f rth. There were no obj fo b ections or bj a stentions. Decisions: Approval to ap ab a point an independent examiner or auditor fo f r the annual accounts of 2018. CIO 2018-19.007

Membership Secretary’s report – Sylvia Phillips

Membership Ty T pe Standard Kew Stu t dents tu Library r ry Life f fe Honorary r ry T tal To

Kew Staff f ff Other

Fellows Members



35 219 35 1 2 16 1 309

40 224 37 1 3 17 3 325

New standard members 2017 – 2018 (9) ( ) 5 staff ff: ff f: Herb r arium rb Charlotte Couch Economic botany Kim Wa W lker Horticultu t re tu Solène Dequiret (Palm House) Michael Dvorak (Arb r oretu rb t m) tu Nick Johnson (Manager of Pub u lic Glasshouses) ub 2 ex-Kew Gerard Henry r ry Peter Beagan 2 Friends of the Guild Jean and Rod Peach John Isaacs Returningg lapsed p members ((5)) John Aldous, Douglas Brown, Ian Gayton, Anthony Rose, Anna Saltmarsh Honoraryy Fellows ((16)) Redu d ced by death of John Brookes, who died in March du Resignations g ((4)) Jennife f r Chan fe Louise Hansen Zena Kolbe-Saltzman Ailsa Kemp

Administrator in School of Horticultu t re tu Estates Apprentice Diploma Stu t dent tu

Life f Members fe 1 life f member died in Sept. 2017: Margaret Benham, Norfo fe f lk, at Kew 1944 - 1945 fo 2 current life f members: fe Eric Grant, Wi W ndsor, at Kew 1947 - 1948 Esme McCulloch, Australia, at Kew 1937 - 1944 Students Only 8 Diploma Stu t dents enrolled in Septemb tu m er 2017 and curr mb r ently 16 are Guild memb rr m ers. mb They are now much outnumb m ered by other typ mb y es of stu yp t dent at Kew: ap tu a prentices, Specialist

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268 Certifi f cate stu fi t dents, sandwich stu tu t dents, MSc and Ph.D stu tu t dents. tu Deaths 5 deaths, as already stated. Memb m ers present discussed the memb mb m ership ru mb r les, part r icularly Honorary rt r Memb ry m ers. Under mb the old ru r les, people who have helped the Guild were not entitled to become fu f ll memb m ers, mb instead being off ffe ff fered Honorary r Memb ry m ership. Richard Wa mb W rd asked if the Guild should now ask those Honorary r Members if they would like to become fu ry f ll members. Sylvia said one Honorary r Member has now had 10 years fr ry f ee memebership. Action: SA to add to agenda fo f r fi f rst meeting of 2018-19. Proposal: To T accept the membership report. Proposed: Chris Kidd, Seconded: Stewart Henchie. There were no obj b ections or ab bj a stentions. Decision: Report ap a proved. CIO 2018-19.008

Events Co-ordinator’s report – Brian Phillips

Summary There has been a general misunderstanding of the role of the Events Co-ordinator. For 2016 - 2017 Pamela Holt, aft f er having been Events Off ft ffi ff ficer fo f r many years, agreed fo f ra f rther year to act as the Events Co-ordinator. Alan Stuttard approached members to fu organise an event and then Pamela confi f rmed dates, ensured they did not clash, and sent fi out the notices. The Events Co-ordinator role was the one fo f r which I volunteered. However, with t out a signifi th f cant nu fi n mb m er of volunteers to org r anise events, no comp rg m rehensive mp events programme could be pub u lished. ub T o events took place: Tw Bodenham organised by To T ny Overland Isles of Scilly organised by Brian Phillips (myself) f f) Events (actual) Bodenham - October 2017 Organised by To T ny Overland. Budgeted fo f r minimum of 15 people Registered 22 T tal cost £173 To Surp r lus to Guild fu rp f nds £25 Isles of Scilly (19th to 23rd April 2018) Organised by Brian Phillips (myself) f f) T rgeted fo Ta f r 25 people at budget price of £640 / person Interest fl f yer sent August 2017 and within 24 hours over 27 had registered Reserve list with fu f rther 22 names added Final registered number 26 (of which 4 came fr f om reserve list) Final cost £17,679.53 (Av A erage £680 / person) Av Surp r lus to Guild fu rp f nds £77.47 Events (proposed, but not run) Gardens of South Hertfo f rdshire - June 2018 Proposed by Bob Ivison fo Date circulated early March 2018 Full Info f rmation sent end April 2018 fo Only 3 registrations 5 ap a ologies noted already committed on the dates Cancelled

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269 Bonn - Autu t mn 2018 tu Suggestion fr f om Marku k s Radscheit in Germany ku Future of Events Roles: 2017 / 2018 has shown that if the Guild is to ru r n events then there should be a proactive member of the committee to ap a proach / persuade members to ru r n an event. This is best undertaken by a person who is actually the Events Off ffi ff ficer, it is not the role of an Events Co-ordinator. Advance programme: An outline events programme, with dates, needs to be pub u lished ub befo f re Christmas so that members can at least have the dates in their diaries. fo Finance: On-line access fo f r the Tr T easurer to see Bank statements and to pay expenses by direct bank transfe f r is essential fo fe f r the eff ffi ff ficient ru r nning of events. Example: All the Isles of Scilly fu f nds fl f owed through the Guild’s bank account. However, becau a se the Tr au T easurer did not have on-line access to the bank statements, it was imp m ossible mp to confi f rm incoming payments in a timely manner. Expense payments (e.g. to myself as fi organiser), had to be via du d al signatories on chequ q es. This necessitated posting the chequ qu q e qu between signatories, and then posting to myself. f I then had to pay the chequ f. q e into my bank qu with the fu f nds not being availab a le until a fu ab f rther fo f ur days. In one instance event expenses paid on my Credit Card were not re-reimbursed until aft f er the card payment was due. ft Hence on-line banking fo f r the Tr T easurer is essential. Memb m ers present th mb t anked Brian fo f r a very r successfu ry f l Scilly Isles tr fu t ip and gave him a round of ap a plause. Brian is willing to continue in the role if nobody else comes fo f rward. Proposal: To T accept Brian Phillips continuing in the role as volunteer events coordinator. Proposed: Sylvia Phillips, Seconded: Martin Sands. There were no obj b ections or bj a stentions. Decision: Approved. ab CIO 2018-19.009

Editor’s report – Sparkle Wa W rd

Sparkle had given her ap a ologies and sent her report prior to the meeting. The Events of 2017 Journ r al was pub rn u lished in time fo ub f r the Kew Guild Dinner on 23rd May 2018, at a cost of £4,440 fo f r 500 journ r als (including book proofs rn f ) including the cost of fs printing and Editors fe f e. There were 12 extra pages. The cost of the 2015 journal in comparison was £6,519, and in 2016 £4,220. Editors additional extra costs were £59.94 f r envelopes. fo The Editors fe f e increased this year fr f om £2,000 to £2,200 - whilst printing costs have reduced, the time expended by the Editor has increased due to more content/pages including the inclusion of photograp a hs (previously done by the printers), etc. ap As always, thanks are given to contributors and others fo f r their voluntary r input, including ry Alex George, David Cutler, Graham Burgess, Pamela Holt and also to Sara Arnold as Secretary r . ry I invite Guild Members to make suggestions fo f r the cover of the Events of 2018 Journ r al rn

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270 to me by 30th December 2018. Please could Members send in their News of 2018, be it a new job, current developments in their fi f eld, career, fa f mily or something else. Please get in touch to discuss any ideas fo f r articles that you may have. Richard Wa W rd encouraged members to contact Sparkle or himself with News of Kewites, photograp a hs of the AGM weekend and articles fo ap f r the Journ r al. rn CIO 2018-19.010

A ard Scheme report – Chris Kidd Aw

The KGAS met twice during the year to consider applications fo f r awards and the nomination fo f r the George Brown Memorial Aw A ard. A ards - MARCH Aw A total of £10,908 fr f om the fi f ve named Funds and General Funds was available at the meeting to be made as awards. Thirt r een ap rt a plications had been made, eight were successfu f l fu aft f er individu ft d al discussion. Of the fi du f ve unsuccessfu f l ap fu a plications, three were unab a le to be ab considered as under the ru r les of the Kew Guild the members had not fu f lfi f lled their period fi of prior membership (one year). Ashleigh Davies, Tr T aining in Orcharding/London/12 days, Aw A arded £277.80 fr f om Dallimore Fund Alison Legg, Botanical tour/ r Ky r/ K rgyzstan/2 weeks, Aw A arded £700 fr f om Redman Fund Aaron Maru rub ru ubbi, Beth Chatto Symposium/Essex/2 days, Aw A arded £225 fr f om General Funds Ana Oliveira, To T ur of Historic Gardens/Ky K oto/2 weeks, Aw Ky A arded £1000 fr f om General Funds Andrea To T palovic Arthan, Wi W ldfl f ower meadows tour/ fl r Ky r/ K rgyzstan/2 weeks, Aw A arded £700 fr f om Redman Fund Kathry r n Bray, ry y Botanical expedition/ British Columbia/2 weeks, Aw y, A arded £700 fr f om General Funds Richard Choksey, y Community Gardens Stu y, t dy/USA/2 weeks, Aw tu A arded £700 fr f om General Funds Sarah Demain, Succulents in design/USA/2 weeks, Aw A arded £1000 fr f om Ian Leese Fund

Of a total fu f nd availab a ility of £10,908 fo ab f r 2019, £5302.80 was awarded. A ards – JULY Aw L LY A total of £5605.20 fr f om th t e named Funds and General Funds was availab a le at th ab t e meeting to be made as aw a ar a ds. Four u ap ur a plications had been made, all were successfu f l aft fu f er individu ft d al du discussion. Rebecca Hilgenhof, f MSc Field stu f, t dy course/Colombia/15 days, awarded £1,000 fr tu f om John Wo W odhams Aw A ard Hugh Fletcher, Second week of travel to stu t dy Cary tu r a, Juglans, Quercus and Castanea/USA/1 week, awarded ry £1,000 fr f om Redman Fund Harr rry rr ry Baldwin, Quercus fi f eld stu t dy and confe tu f rence/USA/2 weeks, Aw fe A arded £1,000 To T tal, Dallimore (£278) General (£722) Mathew Rees, MSc in Biodiversity and Ta T xonomy of Plants/Edinburgh UK/ K 1 year, awarded £1000 fr K/ f om General Funds.

Of a total fu f nd availability of £5605.20 fo f r July 2018, £4000 was awarded, leaving £1605.20 remaining. Fellowship of the Kew Guild Honorary Fellows Nominations were discussed in 2017 and carried over to the March meeting. Aft f er much discussion the committee decided to decline one nomination and ft unanimously accept the nomination of the second. It was fe f lt that Mike Fitt, OBE off ffe ff fered

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271 a wealth of kn k owledge, experience and potential fo f r the fu f rtherance of the Kew Guild’s aims. Further, it was strongly suggested that as the Kew Guild progresses into its fu f tu t re as a CIO, consideration be given to off ffe ff fering off ffi ff ficer, if not Tr Tru rustee, roles to Fellows. The Aw A ards Committee proposed the nomination to the Main Committee fo f r Mike Fitt OBE to be elected as Fellow of the Kew Guild, this was unanimously sup u ported. Mike up has accepted and will attend the Annual Dinner in 2019. George Brown Memorial Aw A ard Nomination was received fr f om David Barnes fo f r Marcella Corcoran to be awarded the George Brown Memorial Aw A ard. The Committee ap a proved this unanimously. Chris Kidd as Chair of Aw A ards Committee has written to Marcella fo f rmally. Aw A ard to be accepted at Kew Guild dinner 2019. Changes to Aw A ards Committee Function Jean Griff ffi ff fin spoke at length to the Aw A ards Committee ab a out the potential changes to the operation of the Committee. Sub u sequent comments and suggestions by Martin Stanifo ub f rth fo a out the awards scheme ap ab a plication fo f rm will be taken on board at this review. Sylvia Phillips suggested putting info f rmation about awards on the Kew intranet, Jean fo Griff ffi ff fin replying that as the Guild is now open to anyone, we need to reach as big an audience as possible. Action: SA to put this on agenda fo f r next meeting. For clarifi f cation, awards can now be made to members and non-members and welcomed fi a plications in line with the obj ap b ectives of the CIO. bj Members discussed whether the Aw A ards Scheme should operate by only awarding interest amounts, so that cap a ital does not diminish, i.e., keep the present day value and distribute ap any interest sums du d e. This would make some awards last in perp r etu rp t ity, tu y rather than lasting y, only a fe f w years befo f re it is spent. [Note - Info fo f rmation provided aft fo f er the AGM fo ft f r clarifi f cation - Curr fi r ently fo rr f r all but one award, it is the annual dividend income and carr r ied rr f rward accru fo r ed income that is spent, the cap ru a ital is not touched]. ap Action: The Aw A ards Scheme Committee to consider stru r ctu ru t re of awards du tu d ring the review. Leo Pemb m ert mb r on added th rt t at stu t dents should be encouraged to ap tu a ply fo f r awards as th t is would then make fu f rther ap a plications to other charities be possibly more successfu f l. fu Chris Kidd said he was indebted to Allan Hart fo f r all his help and kn k owledge in this area. Proposal: To T accept the Aw A ard Scheme report. Proposed: David Hardman, Seconded: Leo Pemberton. There were no obj b ections or ab bj a stentions. Decision: Approved. CIO 2018-19.011

President’s report – Jean Griff ffi ff fin

Where has this year disap a peared to? The workload fo ap f r the tru r stees has been consistent and ru lab a our intensive, at least on the fi ab f ngers sending out and answering hundreds of emails in order to get the new CIO exact and ready fo f r the next President to take over. The year has seen us, as a Guild, renewing fr f iendships and encouraging stu t dents to become tu more involved with t th th t e Guild. We W need to be more proactive in fi f nding interested memb m ers mb

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272 who will see the Guild, not only as a yearly update in the Journal but a thriving and interesting association to belong to. Wi W th the new CIO we can spread our wings and get people to join fr f om all areas of the gardening, scientifi f c and botanic worlds thus enlarging fi our fi f eld of expertise and interest fo f r the benefi f t of all. fi The Scilly Isles visit proved that we can and should expand to other areas outside the historic membership of Kew and Wa W kehurst alumni and the Guild will benefi f t fr fi f om this wider remit. The Annual Dinner was a huge success fo f llowing a slightly diff ffe ff ferent set up u to previous years, The two recipients of the Honorary r Fellowships and the Kew Medal recipient all ry were suitab a ly impressed with the evening. The disap ab a pointing thing fo ap f r me was that there was not a representative fr f om the Gardens to welcome them and our prestigious Guests. The Changeover !!! W could not have done the deed within the timescale allowed without the help of To We T m Pratt our designated Charity Commission Lawyer. He, alongside Jen Alsop, has worked tirelessly in getting the work done to the satisfa f ction of the Charity Commission and the fa Tru Tr rustees. There is still more work to be done with reviews of the ways in which the Aw A ards Committee will be administered in fu f ture as just one example. We W need to be more involved with the School of Horticulture and with Wa W kehurst where, although it is our sister Garden, members are sadly lacking. I have enj n oyed my Presidential year despite the many pitfa nj f lls and thank wholeheartedly fa Sara Arn r old and Linda Baharier who, along with Jen and my fe rn f llow Tr Tru rustees, have kept me on the straight and narrow path without losing my sanity! I wish Peter Styles every r ry success in continuing the process of making the Kew Guild a fo f rward-thinking organisation whilst retaining its historic aims. I thank all those who had the courage to nominate me! CIO 2018-19.012

Results of Prize Day

Prize day was held on Friday 7th September in the School of Horticultu t re. Jean Griff tu ffi ff fin attended. Jean was disap a pointed that the Guild was not named when the prizes were given ap out, although they are printed in the booklet given out on the day. The Matilda Smith Memorial Prize: Olivia Steed-Mundin The George Brown Prize: Loredana Va V careanu The Kew Guild Individual Study Prize: Olivia Steed-Mundin The Kew Guild Cup: Eliot Barden CIO 2018-19.013

Annual subscription rates

It is proposed that sub u scription rates will remain at ÂŁ27 fo ub f r Ordinary r Members and ÂŁ15 ry f r Stu fo t dents fo tu f r the year 2018-19. David Ta Tab aber asked if members can claim Gift f Aid on the tax payab ft a le. Jean Griff ab ffi ff fin replied that this is on the list of things to do fo f r the new Constitu t tion and will be addressed du tu d ring the next year.

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273 Action: SA to add this to agenda of the fi f rst committee meeting of 2018-19. Proposal: To T accept the subscription rates are unchanged. Proposed: Chris Kidd, Seconded: Pamela Holt. There were no obj b ections or ab bj a stentions. Decision: Approved. CIO 2018-19.014

Retiring Tr T ustees

Memb m ers th mb t anked th t e fo f llowing retiring tr tru rustees fo f r th t eir sup u port up r : David Hardm rt d an, Pamela dm Holt, Sylvia Phillips, Susan Urp r eth. rp CIO 2018-19.015

Election of Tr T ustees

The fo f llowing two prospective Tr Tru rustees were ap a proved by the committee: Peter Styles, David Alan Simpson. Fit and Proper Persons checks have been carried out and the Secretary r confi ry f rms that both fi are fi f t and proper persons to be elected as Tr Tru rustees of the Kew Guild CIO. Proposal: To T accept retirement and election of Trustees. Proposed: Leo Pemberton, Seconded: Colin Jones. There were no obj b ections or ab bj a stentions. Decision: Approved. Trustees of the Kew Guild CIO f r fo 2018-19 are therefo f re: fo Margaret Jean Griff ffi ff fin, Stewart James Henchie, Harold Graham Heywood, Chris David Andrew Kidd, Frederick Anthony Overland, David Alan Simpson, Alan James Stu t ttard, tu Peter Styles and Timothy Upson. T tal number NINE Tr To Tru rustees fo f r the year 2018-19. CIO 2018-19.016

Any other business

Election of committee members: Jean Griff ffi ff fin asked members present to nominate candidates fo f r the fo f llowing posts: President Elect fo f r 2019-2020: There have been two nominations: Bill Bessler and David Simp m son an mp a d Jennife f r Alsop has been nominated fo fe f r Vi V ce President. Allan a Hart an r commented rt t at th th t ese posts should have been nominated an a d ap a proved ready d fo dy f r th t e AGM. Peter Sty t les ty responded that this had been overlooked and that Tr Tru rustees will carry r out the nomination ry and election process fo f r the fi f rst meeting of the new year. Honorary r Secretary ry r ry Honorary r Tr ry T easurer Membership Secretary r – Nomination of Jean Griff ry ffi ff fin Honorary r Journ ry r al Editor rn Events Off ffi ff ficer There were no nominations, oth t er th th t an Jean Griff ffi ff fin as Memb m ership Secretary mb r and th ry t erefo f re fo members were asked to ap a prove the fo f llowing remaining in place: Consultant Secretary r : Sara Arn ry r old rn V luntary Vo r Tr ry T easurer: Linda Baharier Journ r al Editor: Sparkle Wa rn W rd V luntary Vo r Events Co-Ordinator: Brian Phillips ry

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274 Proposal: To T accept th t e new Memb m ership Secretar mb ary ar ry. To T accept Sar a a Arn ar r old, Linda Bah rn a ar ah a ier, r r, Sparkle Wa W rd and Brian Phillips remaining in their roles. Proposed: David Simpson, Seconded: Graham Heywood. There were no obj b ections or abstentions. Decision: bj Approved. CIO 2018-19.017

Inauguration of new President

Jean invited Peter Styles to the fr f ont of the room and presented him with the President’s ribbon. Peter reciprocated with the Past President’s pin fo f r Jean, along with a big bunch of fl f owers. The new President th t an a ked every r one fo ry f r coming an a d fo f r th t eir continu n ed sup nu u port up r rt of the Guild. Jean would be a hard act to fo f llow! Peter said he was honoured to become President fo f r the 2018-19 year and hoped that the year would bring more interaction with stu t dents and Kew in general and to carry tu r on the ry hard work r on the constitu rk t tion and ru tu r les. He added that he had attended the Stu t dents Aw tu A ard Ceremony at Kew yesterday and the Director in his address had particularly mentioned t at th th t e Kewites he encountered on his many tr t ips ab a road gave great store to th t e continu n ed nu life f long fr fe f iendships that they fo f rged at Kew. This is why the work of the Guild is so important. Martin Sands asked if the present system of a one-year presidential term r was long enough. rm Jean explained, that the term of off ffi ff fice, fr f om Vi V ce President, President and then to Immediate Past President, allows fo f r the continuation. CIO 2018-19.018

Date of next Annual General Meeting

Satu t rday 7th September 2019, venue to be confi tu f rmed. fi

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School of Horticulture Presentation of Kew Diploma and Prizes 7th September 2018 Course 53

Tim Hughes welcomed th t ose present to th t e presentation of Kew Diplomas, Kew Specialist Certifi f cates, Kew Apprenticeships and a whole assortment of Prizes fo fi f r 2018. He then invited the Director Richard Deverell, to give his welcoming address. Richard Deverell went on to say: “RBG Kew has a certain rhythm to its year – and the Gradu d ation ceremony is, fo du f r me, one of the highlights of the year. It is an inspiring and uplift f ing experience to celebrate success and learning; to know that our students are ft emb m ark mb r ing on fu rk f lfi f lling careers in Hort fi r icultu rt t re and, I hope, to retain always fo tu f nd memories of their time at Kew. T day we celebrate the gradu To d ation of the 10 stu du t dents of Course number 53 of the Kew tu Diploma. The Kew Diploma has always been intern r ational in scope with this year being rn no exception; we have a stu t dent fr tu f om Australia, Sweden and Romania. W also celebrate the achievements of our 12 stu We t dents completing the one year specialist tu courses and our six Kew horticultu t ral ap tu a prentices. Each has worked extremely hard, and learned a great deal, to reach this point today. The Kew Diploma is an internationally respected degree-level qualifi f cation in botanical horticultu fi t re. Not only do these stu tu t dents tu know a great deal about growing plants – including a huge diversity of exotic and rare plants – but they also have a solid grounding plant science, taxonomy and conservation. The Diploma is fa f mously hard work. Indeed, all of our stu t dents have worked extremely tu hard to reach this point today, y including making a vitally important contribution to the y, horticultural standards and daily ru r nning of these wonderfu f l gardens here at Kew. Our fu graduating students and apprentices have all secured positions fo f llowing their studies, either via employment, continued fu f rther edu d cation or have decided to take time out to du travel. As part of their course the students and apprentices have undertaken various travel scholarships around the world. These trips enrich their horticultu t ral kn tu k owledge and oft f en ft tie in with their dissertation studies. Further info f rmation on travel scholarships can be fo f und in the Prize day programme. The Kew Diploma Stu fo t dents also undertake two fi tu f eld trips to Bangor in North Wa W les and Eastern r Andalucía in Spain. These provide them with rn a wealth of hands-on experience in two contrasting landscap a es. I kn ap k ow just how imp m ortant mp and popular these courses are – many of the students tell me the week in Wa W les is the highlight of the three year course. Thank you – Nick Wr W ay, y our guest of honour, as nominated by our gradu y, d ating stu du t dents. tu Marcus Agius fo f r attending and, in du d e course, giving a vote of thanks. Family and fr f iends of the stu t dents and ap tu a prentices attending the event. The many sponsors of the prizes. The garden staff f that help in developing the stu ff t dents and ap tu a prentices’ practical and theoretical skills. The science staff f that link in with the stu ff t dents’ stu tu t dies either through proj tu o ect work of oj more fo f rmal lectu t res. tu The library r staff ry f in assisting with their stu ff t dies. tu

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276 All the lectu t rers who deliver a whole wealth of sub tu ubj ub bject topics du d ring lectu t re blocks. tu Our stu t dents today join an infl tu f uential and global network of Kew horticultu fl t ral alumni. I tu am stru r ck, just how oft ru f en, on visiting some of the great botanic gardens of the world to be ft shown around by someone whose fi f rst words are ‘I stu t died at Kew’. They then tell me tu just how much hard work the Kew Diploma was when they did it as if they are somehow still scarred by the experience! They sometimes add that it’s much easier now – this is emphatically not tru r e! ru But they also go on to tell me how important it was in shap a ing the entire traj ap a ectory aj r of their ry hort r icultu rt tur tu ural car a eer an ar a d how th t e fr f iendships an a d netw t ork tw r s th rk t ey fo f rg r ed at Kew have endu dur du ured and proved invaluable. May I urge you to make the best of this community – to be an active part of it and, of course, to stay in touch with RBG Kew. And may I end by repeating my very r sincere congratu ry t lations fo tu f r all that you have learn r ed rn and achieved on your respective courses. I want to congratu t late you not just on what you tu have already achieved – but also fo f r what I kn k ow you will go on to achieve in your careers in horticultu t re. We tu W are very r proud of our horticultu ry t ral stu tu t dents. I would like ask every tu r one ry here today to join me in congratulating them fo f r their hard work and completing their respective courses. For each of them, it is a day of great pride – deservedly so – and a tremendous achievement.” Richard Barley, y Director of Horticultu y, t re, Learn tu r ing and Operations was then invited by rn Tim Hughes to give his introdu d ction. du Tim Hughes, Head of the School of Horticultu t re, then began the presentation ceremony tu by saying: “Graduation day is very much about a celebration of the students’ and apprentices’ achievements. It is an ackn k owledgement of their hard work in obtaining either the Kew kn Diploma, a Kew Specialist Certifi f cate or a Kew Apprenticeship. For those graduating fi stu t dents and ap tu a prentices, this day mark r s the end of one chap rk a ter in your horticultu ap t ral career tu but also the start of something new. We W wish you well in your fu f tu t re careers, and hope you keep in contact with the School. So, befo f re I tu fo t rn r to the presentation of certifi f cates and prizes, thanks must go to all our fi sponsors of prizes, many of whom are in the audience today – thank you. I would like to thank the commitment of Kew staff ff, ff f, visiting lectu t rers and examiners who continue to give tu tremendous sup u port to the School of Horticultu up t re. tu I would now like to invite our Guest Speaker, Nick Wray, to make the presentations. I shall fi f rst read out the awards and prizes, fo f llowed by the name of the recipient, in alphab a etical order:” ab Kew Diploma p A ards Aw The Wo W rshipfu f l Comp fu m an mp a y of Gar a deners’ Prize fo ar f r th t e 3rd year a stu ar t dent achieving top overall tu academic and practical marks with English as their additional language. The F Nigel Hepper Cup u in recognition of the highest achievement in plant identifi up f cation fi assessments. A Kew Diploma with Honours is awarded to: Julia Andersson

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277 A Kew Diploma with Credit is awarded to: Harry Baldwin The Alitex Glasshouse award, awarded to the stu t dent who has demonstrated the best tu practical perfo f rmance du fo d ring their work placements under glass. The Kew Guild Cup u fo up f r obtaining the highest marks in the 1st year vegetab a le plot ab proj o ect. oj Along with the Kew Diploma with Honours is awarded to: Eliot Barden A Kew Diploma with Credit is awarded to: Leon Charalambous A Kew Diploma with Honours is awarded to: Chris Clowser A Kew Diploma with Honours is awarded to: Keegan Hickey A Kew Diploma with Credit is awarded to: Mathew Rees (unab a le to join us today) ab The George Conrad Johnson Memorial Prize fo f r the best overall perfo f rmance on the fo Kew Diploma course The Matilda Smith Memorial Prize given to the best practical stu t dent overall tu The Fred Larkb k ey Cup kb u awarded to the stu up t dent achieving the highest marks in their tu practical work placements The Wo W rshipfu f l Company of Gardeners’ Prize to the stu fu t dent attaining the top overall tu academic and practical marks The Kingdon-Wa W rd Prize awarded to the stu Wa t dent attaining the highest marks in their tu f nal-year dissertation fi The Kew Guild Individu d al Stu du t dy Prize fo tu f r the person attaining the highest marks in their Systematic Botany Proj o ect oj The Donald Dring and Gilbert Memorial Prize fo f r the stu t dent attaining the highest tu marks in Entomology and the Crop Protection proj o ect oj The Squire’s Garden Centre Prize fo f r the best overall perfo f rmance in landscap fo a e stu ap t dies tu The Kew Gardener Prize to the top stu t dent in Amenity Horticultu tu t re tu The Freda Howson Aw A ard fo f r excellence in Ecology and Conservation Along with a Kew Diploma with Honours is awarded to: Olivia Steed-Mundin The George Brown Prize awarded to the top stu t dent in the Arb tu r oretu rb t m and Horticultu tu t ral tu Services Section. The Ashley Hughes Memorial Prize fo f r the stu t dent showing most sup tu u port and up congeniality to their course colleagues. And a Kew Diploma is awarded to: Loredana Va V careanu A Kew Diploma with Honours is awarded to: Sophie Wa W lwin Kew Specialist p Certifi f cates and Apprenticeship fi pp p Prizes and Aw A ards Kew Specialist Certifi f cates in Display & Nursery fi r Glass are awarded to: ry Brie Langley Kath Farrell A Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Kitchen Garden Production is awarded to: fi Olivia Va V ssilaki Kew Specialist Certifi f cates in Orn fi r amental Horticultu rn t re are awarded to: tu Amy Newsome

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278 Max Guzzetta Lawrence Lewis (unab a le to join us today) ab Dan Rosenberg (unab a le to join us today) ab A Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Propagation is awarded to: fi Thomas Wilson (unab a le to join us today) ab A Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Arb fi r oricultu rb t re is awarded to: tu Se Oba-Smith A Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Orchid Cultivation is awarded to: fi Jenny Forgie Certifi f cates of Attendance are awarded to: fi Bindu Chander George Wheldon (Both of whom are unab a le to attend) ab The Historic Glasshouse apprentice with the best Collection Assignment prize The Historic Glasshouse apprentice with the highest test results in Plant Identifi f cation fi prize Along with a Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction is awarded to: Jess Snowball The Historic Glasshouse ap a prentice with the best Wo W rk Journ r als and Plant Profi rn f les Prize fi Along with a Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction is awarded to: John Myers (unab a le to join us today) ab The Horticultu t ral Tr tu T ades Association best practical ap a prentice The ap a prentice with the best Collection Assignment prize The ap a prentice with the highest test results in Plant Identifi f cation prize fi The ap a prentice with the best We W ed Proj o ect Prize oj The ap a prentice with the best Wo W rk Journ r als and Plant Profi rn f les Prize fi Along with a Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction is awarded to: Daniel Jones Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction is awarded to: Sam Wa W rd Certifi f cates of Attendance are awarded to: fi Ben Meumann Cat Maclaren (Both of whom are unab a le to attend) ab Other awards and prizes p The To T m Reynolds’ Prize fo f r Plant Biochemistry r and Physiology awarded to the person ry obtaining the highest marks in this subj b ect, which is a fi bj f rst year Diploma topic. The Chartered Institu t te of Horticultu tu t re Prize fo tu f r top 1st year stu t dent goes to: Faye Adams tu Gardens Illustrated Prize awarded by the magazine to a Kew Diploma stu t dent, attaining tu the highest mark r s in their fi rk f rst-year practical sub ubj ub bjects. This prize goes to: Charles Harpur (unab a le to join us today) ab The Metcalf Cup u fo up f r the highest academic examination marks in the 2nd year of the Kew Diploma, goes to: Richard Choksey

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279 The Sir Joseph Hooker Prize is given in recognition of the work carried out by the Chairman of the Kew Mutu t al Improvement Society. This prize goes to: Kathryn Bray tu Tim Hughes then invited Nick Wray to say a fe f w words. Marcus Agius, Chairman of the Board of Tr Tru rustees, gave a Vo V te of Thanks. Leon Charalambous of Course 53 then gave the Stu t dent Vo tu V te of Thanks. Tim Hughes then said in closing: “I would once again like to thank Nick Wr W ay and every r one involved in making this special day come together. While there are too many ry people to mention individually, none of it would be possible without the patience and sup u port of Jennife up f r, Kate, Denise and Martin, the staff fe f of the School of Horticultu ff t re – so tu a big thank you to you and a thank you to Alice Taylor fo f r today’s wonderfu f l fl fu f oral displays. If I can ask, the audience to please remain seated while the Platfo f rm Party, Diploma fo gradu d ates, Stu du t dent and Apprentice gradu tu d ates and Prizewinners fo du f llow Kate to the Grass Garden fo f r photographs. Later on at 5 o’clock guests are invited to enj n oy a tour of the nj Gardens on the Kew Explorer. The tour lasts ap a proximately 35 minutes, departs fr f om the Grass Garden. I would like to add my fi f nal thank-you to all of you fo f r attending today and I hope you will join us at the School of Horticultu t re where aft tu f ern ft r oon tea will be served.” rn Tex Te ext ©Ti T m Hu Ti H gh g es (a (ap apart fr fro rom Richard r Devere rd r ll’s welcoming add re ddr dd dre ress sp s eech) h. h)

Kew Stu t dents Prizegiving - Group tu u Photo up ©RBG Ke K w

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Michael Antonetti

Owen Griffiths

Michael Leach

Luigi Leoni

Francisco Lopez

Fionnuala McDermott

Amy Newsome

Mira-Marie Nübold

Georgia Sellars

Charles Shi

Ignacio Silva de la Iglesia

Matthias Spall

Kew Diploma C56 Tim Stafford

Silke Strickrodt

Sam Ward

©RBG Ke K w

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Student Report

by Rebecca (Bex) Lane September 2018 saw the Graduation of Course 53, with world class pranks and an excellent leaving party gave the opportunity to initiate the August 2018 intake of apprentices. In September we welcomed Course 56 fr f om around the world, pitting them against one another in the Clog and Apron Race, won by Charles Shi. This was f llowed by a well-att fo t ended BBQ in tt the Director’s garden with staff f and ff stu t dents fr tu f om across Horticultu t re. Charles Shi (R), with Richard Barley presenting the cup tu f r the u fo up Clog and Apron Race with Course 56 in the background.

April 2018 brought another win fo f r ©RBG Ke K w Kew in the annual Kew-Wisley race. The race was resurr r ected by Nichola Hankey in 2016, and th rr t is is th t e th t ird consecutive year that Kew have won! We W ll done Richard Choksey and team. October 2018 saw the start of the KMIS lectu t re series, ru tu r n by the second year Diploma students each year. This year’s student team, led by Chair Faye Adams has excelled themselves with a vibrant programme refl f ecting the interests and kn fl k owledge held by the Kew Diploma stu t dents. It has been a sell-out season, tu tu t rn r ing people away at the gates, to see a range of speakers fr f om Kew’s own Kit Strange, Alpine specialist, and Monty Don, whom some of you may kn k ow better as the ‘Owner of Nigel the dog’. Course 54 reported back to the KMIS audience on their travel scholarships, sharing their kn k owledge of plants, gardens, and habitat conservation in Japan, Honduras, The Yu Y kon, Singapore, Mozamb m iqu mb q e, Ky qu K rgyzstan, Southern r Appalachians and North East USA. Excitingly KMIS rn has re-instated the marking fo f r the stu t dent travel scholarship lectu tu t res, with much thanks tu to the Hort r icultu rt t re Te tu T am fo f r off ffe ff fering their time and sup u port up r on Monday evenings to enab rt a le ab this to hap a pen. ap Course 55 have set up u their travel scholarships fo f r the coming year to New Yo Y rk r , Arm r enia, rm Cub u a, Nepal and USA. If anyone has any contacts or specialist kn ub k owledge that may be a le to help them, please let us kn ab k ow. In November the Second Ye Y ars held the traditional Halloween Party, y a chance to bring y, together staff f members across Kew. The Theme was a Botanical Halloween, there were ff some spectacular costu t mes, including the Clockwork Orange and Jap tu a anese Kn ap K otweed. C54’s Alison Legg, who doub u les her time as a pub ub u Landlady of The Wo ub W odman in Dorset was recognised fo f r some horticultu t ral cross-over when the pub tu u was voted Best Cider Pub ub u ub 2018 by We W st Dorset CAMRA R ! RA One of the highlights fo f r Course 54 this year was the ecology fi f eld trip to North Wa W les. Under the guidance of Nigel Brown, they visited 13 diff ffe ff ferent sites where they looked at their geological past, ecology and biodiversity. In other news, the student mascot Matilda celebrated her fi f rst birthday and Bex Lane (Course 55) won fi f rst prize as a guerr r illa gardener fo rr f r her work r on the Community Garden rk

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282 in Chiswick. Ve V ry excitingly one of our team has been selected to run fo f r England! (England Athletics ultra challenge, the 2019 Anglo Celtic Plate (ACP) 100k). K w-Wi Ke Wis Wi isle ley ey Race - Es E tablis i hed in 1951, th is t e race betw t een th tw t e tw t o world l fa ld f mous gard rde rd dens has been traditionally l held between comp ly m eting teams fr mp fro rom Ke K w and Wi W sley e and ran ey continuously l fo ly f r 20 years r . Te rs T ams fr fro rom oth t er horticultural institutions als th l o entere ls r d fr re fro rom time to time. Revived af aft fter a long gap a , over th ap t e his i tory is r of ry o th t e race Ke K w stude d nts de t have had ts t e most wins with th t 2018 being no ex th e cep e tion when th ep t e silver tro rop ro ophy h was won by b th t e Ke K w team. Th T is year the race was run fr fro rom Wi W sley e to Ke ey K w with each team consisting of o 7 runners r who each run one leg rs e of eg o th t e 34km k (2 km ( 1mile) e ro e) r ute. It I was an ex e tre r mely re l hot da ly day ay but a sup u erb ef up eff ffo fort was put in to continue th t is i annual tradition. - Pamela Ho H lt.

Kew Guild Events in 2018 Isles of Scilly

19th - 23rd April by Sylvia Phillips A group u of 23 Kew Guild members, including our President Jean Griff up ffi ff fin, were gathered in Corn r wall on the morn rn r ing of 19th April, keen to explore the remote Isles of Scilly. We rn W were to fl f y there fr f om Lands End airp r ort, but an early morn rp r ing phone call alerted us to a rn change of plan due to fo f g. Instead we were to make the three-hour voyage on the ship Scillonian III, leaving fr f om Penzance dock. This was no problem fo f r those of us who had spent the previous night in Penzance, but seven of our party were already at the airp r ort. rp However, all was well in the end as the fo f g cleared by aft f ern ft r oon and they were ab rn a le to fl fy out to join the main group u . Some of us on the boat were lucky up k enough to catch a glimpse ky of a group u of dolphins swimming nearb up r y. rb W were based on the largest island, St Mary We r ’s, staying in a converted 16th Centu ry t ry tu r castle (Star Castle Hotel) on Garrison headland ab a ove Hugh To T wn. The castle was fo f unded in 1593 and was very r atmospheric; with splendid views down to the bay and across to the ry other islands. Our President even had a room built into the surr r ounding old stone ramp rr m arts mp which she happily said fe f lt like a gardener’s bothy! The fo f od was exceptionally good, including much locally caught fi f sh and seafo f od. fo That aft f ern ft r oon most of us walked the one and a half miles through the lanes to the small rn Holy Va V le vineyard set up by the hotel owner, Robert Francis. This is clearly run as a hobby, y as they have not had a good grap y, a e harvest since 2014, but the wines are served in ap the hotel and we had a wine tasting at the vineyard, enj n oying the sunshine and tranquil nj setting. Strolling back by a diff ffe ff ferent route we went through the Carreg Dhu gardens, a shady oasis of fi f ne old trees. One large silver-leaved tree had us all puzzled, so we took a f w leaves to ask ab fe a out it at Tr T esco Abbey Garden. On arr r iving back at the hotel there was rr time to relax and go fo f r a swim in the hotel pool built inside a glasshouse, which ensured nice warm water. The plan was that we should spend each of the remaining three days on a diff ffe ff ferent island, with both an organised visit and time fo f r members to explore on their own. Luckily we were blessed with fi f ne weather fo f r the whole of the trip, as this plan could easily have been ruined by stormy weather preventing the boats going out. We W had our own boat reserved fo f r each day, y but all were small and open without any roof protection. y, Day 2 was our day on Tr T esco Island, home to the fa f mous Abbey Garden, renowned fo f r its tender plantings which can survive outside nowhere else in the British Isles. The Gulf Stream and abundance of sunshine mean that many plants fr f om the Mediterranean and

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283 other warm temperate parts of Our President 2018, with three past presidents. L to R: t e world can be cultivated in its th T ny Overland, Alan Stu To t ttard, Jean Griff tu ffi ff fin, Jim Mitchell. 17 acres of terraced garden. We W immediately saw a number of examples of the silver-leaved tree, which had puzzled us the day befo f re. It turned out to be fo Leucadendr dro dr ron arg r enteum rg (Proteaceae) fr f om South Afr f ica. fr W were met by Mike Nelhams, We the Curator, who kindly gave us a garden tour. Almost straight away we saw imported red squirrels, the greys not having reached the Scillies. The garden has many large palms, bamb m oos, tr mb t ee fe f rn r s, Echium u s, King Proteas, Cap um a e Ericas an ap a d cacti. Par art ar rticular a ly notewort ar rth rt thy were th t e species of Aeonium, with t th th t eir larg r e fl rg f at leaf rosettes, oft f en growing in ab ft a undance on the old stone walls. Aft f er lunch in the garden café ft f members were fr fé f ee to spend the aft f ern ft r oon as they wished. rn Tucked away in a corner of the Abbey Garden is a fa f scinating collection of ships f gureheads in the Va fi V lhalla Museum. These came fr f om old shipwrecks and some were representations of real people. The path ru r nning along the east side of the island has views over the many rocks and islets towards St Martin’s, and down to fi f ne sandy beaches, deserted at this time of year. The path goes to the little hamlet of Old Grimsby, y where a y, welcome ice cream is to be had. From there the north part of Tr T esco is covered in heather and gorse moorland, with the remains of old fo f rtifi f cations fr fi f om the Civil Wa W r. Our retu t rn tu r to St Mary r ’s was fr ry f om a diff ffe ff ferent quay at a quite diff ffe ff ferent part of the island, necessary r ry because of the diff ffe ff ference between high and low tide levels. Day 3 was our day on St Martin’s island, lying to the northeast of Tr T esco. Once again we landed in the morn r ing at a diff rn ffe ff ferent quay fr f om where we would be departing at the end of the aft f ern ft r oon. We rn W were met by Zoe Julian, who with her husband ru r ns Scilly Flowers at Churchtown Farm, a business growing scented fl f owers in which orders are sent out in gift f ft boxes by post. Most of our group u set out to walk the half mile up up u to her fa f rm, with those who would fi f nd the walk diff ffi ff ficult travelling with Zoe in her vehicle. The morning was spent on a tour of the fa f rm, comprising a number of small fi f elds protected by tall hedges of Pittosporu r m and Euonymus. Their main crop is scented Narcissus, most of which had ru already been harvested, but they have recently started growing scented pinks as a summer crop, buying in plugs fr f om a source on mainland Corn r wall. The bulbs are grown on a fi rn f veyear cycle, being du d g up u at the end of fi f ve years and the fi f eld put down to grass fo f r three years to recover, when it is grazed by cattle. We W were taken into the machinery r sheds and ry shown the packing process. We W were impressed by the way they have built up u their niche market of scented fl f oral gift f s by post, and especially by the enthusiasm and energy of Zoe ft herself. f f. Lunch was taken at Little Arthur’s Café f , involving a walk down a steep grassy slope and fé u again to the café up f . This was little more than a hut with a view, fé w but produ w, d ced a surp du r rising rp variety of delicious cooked and presented fo f od. As befo f re, the aft fo f ernoon was fr ft f ee fo f r members to enj n oy as they wished. Some of us walked up nj u to a prominent red and white striped daymark (fo f r shipping) on the eastern fo r headland, and then fo rn f llowed the coastal path looking down on white sand beaches and across heather moorland. There was just the sound of seab a irds and the waves on the shore of this beautifu ab f l island. fu

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Day 4 was our last fu f ll day, y and y, we visited the smallest of the inhabited islands, St Agnes in the southwest of the group u . The up boat trip over seemed quite rough in the small boat, which rocked fr f om side to side in the waves. Members had ab a out two hours on th t is small island befo f re fo lunch in the pub u just ab ub a ove the q ay. The little paved lane leads qu past stone cottages to the church, surrounded by its graveyard in sight of the sea. This has fi f ne stained glass windows depicting local seamen in their boats. From the church a fo f otpath leads up on to Wingletang Down, a heathland area with amazing rock fo f rmations, granite boulders piled up in weird confi f gurations. The views westward extend over the uninhab fi a ited island of Annet and out ab into the Atlantic. The numerous rocks and islets in the fo f reground are terminated by the lighthouse on Bishop Rock. T uring one of the Scilly islands To

Aft f er lunch in the pub we returned to the quay fo ft f r a two-hour wildlife f boat trip round fe Annet and the western r rocks. We rn W were delighted to see Atlantic grey seals lying on the rocks, and many seab a irds, including a fe ab f w puff ffi ff fins although only fl f eetingly. Shags were plentifu f l, and we learn fu r ed that a group rn u of them sitting on the sea is called a “raft up f ”. We ft W had a good view of Manx shearwaters wheeling above the waves. These birds have been encouraged to retu t rn tu r to St Agnes and have bred there since 2014 aft f er an ab ft a sence of many years. As this was our last evening in the Star Castle hotel we all dined together, with our President raising a toast to the Guild which is now in its 125th year. The fl f ights back to the mainland the fo f llowing morn r ing went according to plan, the small propeller aircraft rn f ft f ying low over the sea to Land’s End airp fl r ort. We rp W all fe f lt incredibly lucky k that the weather ky had held, enab a ling us to fu ab f lly ap a preciate the peacefu f l atmosphere and special way of life fu f fe of these beautifu f l islands at the extremity of England. fu

Kew Guild Dinner 23rd May by Pamela Holt

W dnesday 23rd May was a lovely warm summer day, enabling many Kew Guild We members to enj n oy the special arrangement of visiting the gardens where the recently nj restored Te T mperate House could be viewed in all its glory r befo ry f re the annual dinner. Held fo in Cambridge Cottage, Sparkle Wa W rd and Pamela Holt welcomed attendees with name badges and th t eir Kew Guild Journ r al as th rn t ey made th t eir way to th t e bar or th t e Dukes Garden to socialise. T ny Overland, Master of Ceremonies, gathered every To r one indoors befo ry f re calling fo fo f r all guests to be up u standing as our President Jean Griff ffi ff fin and her daughter were escorted to their table in a packed dining room of members and guests. (The event was actually oversub u scribed and several potential diners were disap ub a pointed). ap A splendid meal was enj n oyed whilst Kew stu nj t dents circulated amongst the tab tu a les selling ab

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285 raff ffl ff fle tickets to raise fu f nds fo f r their annual stu t dy trip to tu Spain. T ny Overland explained how long he had kn To k own Jean Griff ffi ff fin having both met as students at Kew. She was born in Neath, South Wa W les and inspired by her grandfa f ther to take up fa u horticultu t re went on to stu tu t dy at tu Studley College. More recently Jean has been active with judging the London and South East Britain in Bloom and regularly broadcasts on Radio Sussex, Kent and Surrey. She assured us that the questions on these radio phone-ins are not known in advance. So to T m Hart Dyke Tim Upson (L) and To illustrate the point and introdu d ce humour thus dispelling du the old boy image of annual dinners, Jean and To T ny re-enacted a typical scenario which had the audience in stitches. T m Hart Dyke, guest speaker, explained how he was inspired to work with plants at the To age of three years through the gift f of seeds and a trowel fr ft f om his grandmother. Later it was Joyce Stewart’s articles and working under Sandra Bell at Kew that To T m developed his love of orchids. At 21 years of age he won grants enab a ling him to travel to South East ab Asia where he saw orchids in the wild and later spent time in Australia and Ta T smania collecting plants. However it was the year 2000 when he met up with Paul Winder in Mexico and travelled over 17,000 miles through the Darien Gap a to Columb ap m ia with a guide, mb which proved the most riveting part of his talk. He captivated his listeners with vivid descriptions of being kidnap a ped by young gun-toting guerrillas in the cloud fo ap f rest who held him and Paul in cap a tivity fo ap f r nine months. As To T m continued to collect orchids, his cap a tors realised he was not a dru ap r g ru ru r nner, a political activist or working fo f r the CIA and suddenly released the pair returning all their valuables! Once safe f ly back at his fa fe f mily home Lullingstone Castle in Kent, To T m created the Wo W rld Garden of Plants within the two-acre walled garden as he had envisaged whilst in cap a tivity. ap Jean Griff ffi ff fin then presented the Kew Medal to Martin Duncan, Head Gardener at Aru r ndel ru Castle owned by the Duke and Duchess of Norfo f lk who attended the dinner in sup fo u port of up Martin. From horticultural training in Ireland, National Parks work, fa f rming, coff ffe ff fee plantation and advisory r work in Afr ry f ica to Jordan working fo fr f r King Hussein, titled people in Bermuda and landscap a e designing in the UK; Martin now manages the orn ap r amental and rn organic vegetable garden at Arundel. He is a fi f rm believer in developing and making history ry, ry y, not keeping to strict historical layout or fe f atu t res, as his work at the castle testifi tu f es. fi Honorary Fellowship was awarded to Profe f ssor Nigel Dunnett and Profe fe f ssor James fe Hitchmough fr f om Sheff ffi ff field University who were both responsible fo f r the landscap a ing of ap the Olympic park in London. The President concluded the evening by thanking To T ny Overland fo f r masterminding another successfu f l dinner with a bottle of gin; fu thanking all Trustees fo f r their support and dispensed orchids to guests wives. A grand total of £405 was raised fr f om the stu t dent raff tu ffl ff fle.

fin ffi ff Sandy Atkins (L) and Jean Griff

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Kew Guild Wa W kehurst AGM and Arundel Castle Vi V sits 8th and 9th September by Harold (Graham) Heywood

Didn’t we have a wonderfu f l summer? (setting aside temporarily, fu y the very y, r real concern ry r s rn about global warming). It was a great time fo f r enj n oying one’s own and visiting other nj gardens. No less so when members, fa f mily and fr f iends attended our Annual General Meeting of the Kew Guild on September 8th and September 9th at Wa W kehurst Place and Aru r ndel Castle respectively. ru If my memory r serves me correctly, ry y the weather had begun to show signs of the scorching y, days getting a little cooler and more tolerab a le in the sun. I recall hoping that this cooling ab of temperatu t res did not bode ill fo tu f r our visit to Wa W kehurst and Aru r ndel at which, on the ru Satu t rday, tu y we were all looking fo y, f rward to helping Leo Pemberton celebrate his up u coming 90th birthday with a special aft f ern ft r oon tea. Surely it was not going to rain on Leo’s parade? rn W ll no, it didn’t! We On travelling down fr f om the North We W st of England I was refl f ecting up fl u on the fi f rst time I visited Wa W kehurst. It was as a student in 1967 when I, along with other students of the 1965 intake to Kew, w were taken to Wa w, W kehurst to see the ‘sister garden’ to Kew (one of the many trips to gardens, research establishments and other places of commercial and botanical interest such as Box Hill). We W were on that occasion, under the expert tu t ition and chap a erone-ship of Leo Pemberton, and Kew had recently ap ap a pointed its fi f rst Curator to Wa W kehurst in the fo f rm of To T ny Schilling. I kn k ow it’s a cliché, but I really did wonder where all those years had gone. So much had changed over the past 52 years or so. On the fi f rst day, y prior to the AGM, we assembled at the rear of the Mansion House where y, we were introdu d ced by the President, Jean Griff du ffi ff fin to our guide fo f r our tour of the grounds. It is always a joy to wander around a fa f mous garden but an even greater joy when one has a guide able to interpret the history, and current developments and proposed ongoing changes so expertly and enthusiastically. We W had such a guide in Ed Ikin, Head of Landscap a e and Horticultu ap t re and although many of us had visited Wa tu W kehurst previously in recent times, there seems to be much to learn with each successive visit. Aft f er a brief ft welcome and introduction by Ed, we proceeded to the Nursery area where we learned a out a number of proj ab o ects and of recent investments. Firstly, oj y it was pointed out that the y, new glasshouse complex, fi f nished in 2018 had replaced the previous wooden stru r cture ru that had been in use fo f r a numb m er of years. This new comp mb m lex had been fu mp f nded by DEFRA R RA but is seen as a ‘holding situ t ation’ with new state of the art glasshouses planned fo tu f r the f ture. 50% of Wa fu W kehurst’s nursery growing is fo f r Kew Science, verify f ing collections fy f om the Global Conservation Programme, sup fr u porting UK Native Seed Hub up u and growing ub research proj o ects fo oj f r other departments such as Natu t ral Cap tu a ital and Health. ap This includes a proj o ect to grow Ethiopian White Lup oj u in (L up ( up u inus albidu d s) to fi du f nd a ‘sweet strain’ with lower alkaloid content. The seed of White Lup u in are eaten as a stap up a le fo ap f od in Ethiopia and currently require soaking in water to leach out the alkaloids to make them palatable. In a dry and hot country such as Ethiopia it is not diff ffi ff ficult to envisage the dramatic eff ffe ff fect on water conservation when this proj o ect eventu oj t ally succeeds, especially tu when one learns that it is estimated that by 2030 there will be 129 million people in Ethiopia and around 8.5 billion people on the earth. From the glasshouse nursery r we progressed to the orn ry r amental area. Here there has been rn an historic review of planting design. Island beds are attractive to visitors in winter (Wa W kehurst is open all year) and Ed and his team are striving to achieve winter eff Wa ffe ff fects in

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287 f iends at the Ed Ikin addressing Guild members and fr start of the tour of the gardens

the winter garden via the introduction of innovative design developments. Trees of particular note included Betula jacquemontii, i i, a beautifu f l tree that is fa fu f miliar to all of us and which in the winter both f ames and holds the winter garden fr together. There was Co C rnus ‘Baton Rouge’ and Co C rnus sibirica ‘Alba’.

Garden Sup u ervisor Francis Annette up designed the winter garden. Over 33,000 plants have been used in the re-design so fa f r. All plants have been sup u plied by Bern up r hard Nurseries of Ru rn R gby. A new proj o ect will be the North American oj Landscap a e - this will be of a bold and confi ap f dent style, reminiscent of the North American fi non woody landscap a e. ap Ed info f rmed us that Wa fo W kehurst staff f have spent one year selecting North American plants, ff which selection was the sub ubj ub bject of a research proj o ect. The collection will include plants oj f om the wild, that will, Ed predicted, be beautifu fr f l and which will ‘tell a tale’ and yet be fu of conservation interest. In 2019 it is expected that the area will be planted up u . Ed and his team will seek to recreate the stresses and distu t rb tu r ances these plant communities are used to, thus ensuring the comp m osition is maintained. Perh mp r ap rh a s a retu t rn tu r Guild visit is on the cards f r 2020? fo On re-tracing our steps towards the Mansion House we observed some notab a le and very ab r ry f ne specimen tress including; Emmenop fi o tery op r s henry ry r i collected by Ernest Wilson; a ry beautifu f l Co fu C rnus ko k usa; Em E both t rium coccineum and Acer rubrum ‘Sunset’. The author th mentioned that Emmenop o tery op r s henry ry r i had fe ry f atured in a recent Gardeners’ Wo W rld programme fr f om Borde Hill, a botanically rich grade 11* garden ru r n by th t e National Tr Tru rust, and David Hardman who clearly was very r fa ry f miliar with Borde Hill (Borde Hill being less t an th a 4 miles fr f om Wa W kehu hur hu urst) confi f rm fi r ed th t at th t eir specimen had fl f owered only tw t ice (2011 and 2018) since it was planted in 1928. In fa f ct there are two specimens of Em E menop o tery op rys ry ys at Borde Hill, the afo f rementioned, fr fo f om a collection by George Forest and the other, a micro propagation fr f om a Wilson collected specimen at Kew. These were done in the 1980s. This tree fl f owered in 2010, 2011 and 2018. Our President gave a very heartfe f lt fe ‘thank you’ to Ed on behalf of members and a round of applause sealed the sentiment admirab a ly. ab Leo Pemberton

Following a break fo f r lunch, members assembled in the Mansion House at 2pm fo f r the AGM, the proceedings of which can now be accessed on the Guild website. Immediately fo f llowing th t e AGM, memb m ers proceeded to mb the dining area to join Leo Pemberton and help celebrate his fo f rthcoming 90th birthday one month hence. The recently installed President Peter Styles welcomed members to the tea and invited Leo to say a fe f w words. One could not but admire Leo fo f r his seemingly remarkab a le ap ab a pearance of well-being as he rose to say a f w but wise words. Leo thanked all present fo fe f r tu t rn r ing out and said he was humbled at the tu t rn r out. He said he was oft f en asked ‘what did he say to stu ft t dents throughout tu

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288 the many years he was responsible fo f r the Diploma Course’. He said he oft f en advised ft students to “be themselves and to grow both in knowledge and spiritually”. He wanted them to fi f nd themselves and matu t re into fi tu f ne wise adu d lts. du As Leo was speaking, th t e au a th t or was recalling past times du d ring th t e mid sixties and smiled to himself remembering the many occasions when students would be ‘botanising’ in preparation fo f r the next plant identifi f cation test and spotting Leo walking around, clipping fi bits fr f om var a ious tr ar t ees an a d shru rub ru ubs or just to make it a litt t le more challenging, would include tt part r s of climb rt m ers or herb mb r aceous plants. As soon as Leo was out of sight, stu rb t dents (including tu the author) would ru r sh over to the plants fr f om which Leo had taken pieces and diligently write down the plant name and fa f mily name, being assured of at least getting three or more of the plants correct in the resulting test. Or at least that was the plan, fo f r those pieces of plants invariab a ly did not ap ab a pear in the next test, though oft f en were included a coup ft u le of up weeks later when not expected. Leo was clearly wise to our sub u terfu ub f ge! However, perh fu r ap rh a s the last words that best sums up u my memory r of Leo and his dedication to stu ry t dent welfa tu f re fa should be those of Pat Conroy who said, “Te T ach th Te t em th t e quiet word rds rd ds of o ki k ndn d ess, to live dn bey e ond th ey t emselv l es. Ur lv Urg rge th t em toward r ex rd e cellence, dr d ive th t em toward r gentleness, pull th rd t em d ep de e into yours r elf rs lf, lf f pull th t em up u ward r toward rd r manhood, rd d but sof d, oft of ftly l like k an angel arranging ke clouds d . Let your sp ds s irit move th t ro r ugh g th gh t em sof oft of ftly l ’’. Pat Conroy, y The Prince of Tides. y, It is a fa f ct that many people walk in and out of our lives, but only tru r e fr ru f iends leave a f otp fo t rint in our hearts. On behalf of all those hundreds of stu tp t dents whose lives have been tu infl f uenced by Leo, I say “thank you Leo!” fl Aft f er a most enj ft n oyab nj a le day at Wa ab W kehurst it was an early morn r ing start to the journ rn r ey to rn Aru r ndel; a drive through the beautifu ru f l Country fu r side of the Sussex Downs, with mounting ry excitement at what we were to experience later that day. On reaching Aru r ndel we headed ru f r the intended location of our meeting place. Not so diff fo ffi ff ficult one would have thought, but aft f er driving into and out of the main car park opposite the castle’s main entrance a ft coup u le of times, it was proving more of a problem fo up f r this tired out driver. A coup u le of up stops to ask the locals fo f r directions to the ‘old cricket ground’ we tried again and circumnavigated the narrow streets around the back of the castle. Just as it seemed too much of a challenge we suddenly came across our President, Jean Griff ffi ff fin at the junction of the ‘track’ leading to the ‘tradesmen’s’ entrance to the castle gardens. “There’s Jean” I cried! “We W ’ve made it!” Once re-united with our fe We f llow members we began to exchange pleasantries and were introdu d ced by Jean to our host fo du f r the tour, Martin Duncan, Head Gardener of these most exquisite gardens. About Arundel Castle. Aru r ndel Castle is the home of the Duke and Duchess of Norfo ru f lk. fo From the 11th Centu t ry tu ry, y, the castle has served as a home and has been in the ownership of t e fa th f mily of th t e Duke of Norfo f lk fo fo f r over 400 years. It is the principal seat of the Howard f mily, fa y whose heads have been fi y, f rst Earls of Arundel and then Dukes of Norfo f lk. The fo curr r ent Duke, a descendant of King Edward I, rr is the most senior lay member of the Roman Catholic Church in Britain, a crossbench peer in the House of Lords and the president of the Arundel and Littlehampton District Scouts Group. Georgina Susan Fitzalan-Howard, Duchess of Norfo f lk, is the wife fo f of Edward fe William Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of f iends at the Norfo Martin Duncan addressing members and fr f lk. fo r ndel Gardens ru start of the tour of Aru

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f untains in Italianate Gardens V ew of water fo Vi

The tour of the Gardens. Our guide fo f r the tour around the gardens was head gardener Martin Duncan who was awarded this year’s Kew Guild Medal. Mar art ar rtin was born r rn in Zimbabwe, and studied horticulture in Northern Ireland and landscape design in Wa W les. Martin’s career as a celebrated profe f ssional fe gardener and landscape designer has also taken him across th t e world – as fa f r afi f eld fi as Jordan, Bermuda and France. He joined Arundel Castle in 2009 and called receiving the medal “truly special and wonderfu f l”. fu

W started our tour at the entrance of the Italianate Gardens, a fo We f rmal square planted with f ur Indian Bean trees (Ca fo C talp Ca l a big lp ign ig gnonioide d s) where Martin explained the background to de the gardens. The Earl’s Garden (as it is oft f en refe ft f rred to) is a complicated series of fe architectu t ral tributes to Inigo Jones and his patron, Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Aru tu r ndel ru (1585 to 1646) kn k own as “The Collector Earl”. It now fe f atu t res stu tu t nning weathered oak tu pagodas and Oberon’s Palace with its unique spinning coronet, water fo f untains and rills depicting the local river Aru r n. The up ru u per terraces are Italianate with stu t nning displays of tu spring tu t lips and summer agap a anthus in large terracotta pots by the water rills, whilst the ap lower terr r ace has a sub rr u -tropical planting scheme with palms, bananas, Canna lilies, crown ub imperials, tree fe f rn r s and echiums. Progressing through the gardens we marvelled at the beautifu f l Italianate fe fu f atu t res, which tu are the legacy of Julia and Isab a el Bannerman (who designed the more modest Stu ab t mpery tu r ry at Highgrove). Designed some ten years ago and constructed of Green Oak (which weath t ers aft th f er ab ft a out nine month t s into a very th r att ry ttr tt tractive shade of grey) brought fr f om Wo W bur urn ur rn Abbey estate; the redesigned gardens, the passion of the then young Duchess of Norfo f lk fo were opened to great acclaim by HRH Prince Charles in June 2008. From the Catalpas we walked through the gates to the fi f rst area with the top Italianate terraces with dog sculptured water fo f untains, each side of a central water rill (with gilt lion fo f untains cascading into the rill). A small hunting lodge leads the visitor through towards three hornbeam covered Pergolas. The next level down consists of tropical borders with fo f ur new additional borders added in 2018. Although not strictly all tropical, the borders are planted with Ca C nna ‘Humbert’ and Ca C nna ‘musa grande’, Tr T achy h carp hy r us fo rp f rtunei,

The Lab a yrinth with the Cathedral in the background ab

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290 M sa basj Mu s oo and other plants to give a tropical fe sj f el, taking advantage of the leaf shap a es ap and myriad of leaf colours which also included Butea cap a itata (j ap ( elly plant) Ta T marillo (tree tomato), Ti Tig igrans lilies (six diff ffe ff ferent types), Pers r icaria ‘Red Dragon’, Dahlia ‘David rs Howard’, ‘Bishop of Llandaff f ’ and ‘Bishop of Auckland’, Sa ff S lvia patens, Geranium ‘Sandringham’ and tropical Co C leus. During our viewing we came across a fu f ngus growing f om the wooden fa fr f cade of the rills. We W wondered whether it was real or just another examp m le of Mart mp r in’s imaginative infl rt f uence! As many of us avidly took photos of th fl t e obj b ect, bj our immediate past President Jean Griff ffi ff fin came to our rescue and named the obj b ect as a bj specimen of Laetip i oro ip r us sulp ro l hure lp r us or Su re S lp l her Poly lyp ly ypore r , commonly called ‘Chicken in re t e Wo th W ods’ regarded as edible so long as it is eaten Spinning coronet activated by Martin Duncan - when young. It can ap a parently cau a se vomiting and au so that’s how it’s done! nausea in some people so care must be exercised when used in culinary r dishes. ry Following our marvelling at these exotic and beautifu f l displays, Martin then led us onto a fu grassed area called the lab a yrinth with the stu ab t nning tu Cathedral in the immediate background. The labyrinth is used during the summer months to host plays by Shakespeare and accommodates 500 avid Shakespeare enthusiasts. The Labyrinth receives a late sowing of meadow seeds to f cilitate use as a theatre fo fa f llowing the displays of spring bulbs. Martin explained that later this year the gardens are to be planted with 105,000 bulbs and in the Labyrinth there will be a mixture of Ap A eldo d orn do T lip Tu i s (red) along with Na ip N rc r is i si ‘Thalia’ (white) to emulate a St George’s theme. All together Martin advised that close on a million bulbs had been planted since 2010. Arundel’s fi f rst tulip f stival was in 2011 and is now one of the largest in the country fe r with 60,000 tu ry t lip bulbs planted in 2018.

The stu t mp tu m ery r showing ‘up ry u side down’ stu up t mp tu m s

From the Labyrinth we progressed to Oberon’s Palace that contained a unique water fe f ature- the spinning coronet. Now, w this fe w, f atu t re really did bring tu out the little boy and little girl in us because it was a stu t nning and a most amusing water fe tu f atu t re, the like tu of which none of us had ever seen befo f re. Of course, fo many of us had seen spectacular water fo f untains and water fe f atures befo f re, both in this country and fo a road, but this was something else! The coronet sits ab on top of a fo f untain, which rises and fa f lls with the vary r ing pressure of a water spout fr ry f om beneath the coronet. The fo f rce of the water keeps the coronet spinning, thus delighting all visitors who linger at this fe f atu t re. Having ‘dragged’ ourselves away fr tu f om Oberon’s palace we then walked through a large wooden archway that leaves the Collector Earl’s garden into a Ye Y w courtyard with the Cathedral borders to left f and right and straight ahead, we ft viewed th t e classic English herb r aceous borders. These rb

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291 borders are highlighted by shap a ed hedging and centralised by a Corn ap r ish slate water fe rn f atu t re tu designed and installed in 2016. Wa W lking through the borders one comes across the Stu t mpery tu ry, ry y, fo f rmerly just a grassed area that Martin Duncan transfo f rmed fo fo f r the Duke and Duchess of Norfo f lk in 2014 as a unique contemporary fo r garden fe ry f atu t re using ancient tree tu stu t mps, sourced by the Norfo tu f lk estate fo fo f resters fr f om local woodlands, many of which had been left f behind aft ft f er the storms of 1987. These are mainly oak, yew and sweet chestnut. ft Perhaps uniquely, the stumps are placed with their roots upwards that shows off f their ff stu t nning architectu tu t ral shap tu a es, planted up ap u with a range of unusual plants. Aft f er the Stu ft t mpery tu r we walked into the wildfl ry f ower garden with its thatched roundhouse, fl to the right of which we viewed the original Vi V ctorian Vi V ne and Peach House (1850). This house is adj d acent to the Cut Flower garden, which supplies fl dj f owers to the Castle with Hazel archways planted with sweet peas, a large selection of dahlias, peonies and other f owers fo fl f r decorating the castle. Beyond the cut fl f ower garden we admired the collection of roses, named mainly aft f er well known gardeners such as Geoff ft f Hamilton, Alan ff Titchmarsh (hasn’t he been on the telly?), Graham Thomas and Gertru r de Jeky ru k ll. From the ky end of the rose garden we progressed to the kitchen garden by which time our members’ heads were awash with wonder and a mass of details that no doub u t took many of us a great ub deal of time to process. A parting piece of info f rmation fr fo f om Martin rounded off f our tour ff of the fo f rmal gardens and that was that in an area called the ‘stew ponds’ there is to be created a water garden. Aru r ndel Castle gardens as they are today are also a great tribute ru to the present Duke and Duchess of Norfo f lk and the tireless and creative imagination of fo head gardener, Martin Duncan and his staff ff. ff f. One wonders what additional delights there will be fo f r the returning visitor next year? At this point Martin handed over to Izzy, gardener in charg r e of th rg t e kitchen garden but, befo f re he depart fo r ed, our President Peter Sty rt t les ty gave a very r warm thank you to Martin and presented him with a special mug fr ry f om Kew to a resounding ap a plause fr f om members. The Organic Kitchen Garden. The kitchen gardens were designed by the Duchess of Norfo f lk who is a great fo exponent of organic growing and is managed by Senior Gardener Isobel (Izzy) Mckinley, who herself is passionate about organic growing and permaculture principles, along with help fr f om stu t dent gardener Rose tu and colleague Joe. The kitchen garden is divided into f ur sections in which a variety of vegetab fo a les are grown, ab amongst which are planted companion plants to help keep down insect pests and to help attract pollinating insects including butterfl f ies. The beds are crop rotated fl every fo f ur years and manured and cultivated with nitrogen-fi f xing crops fo fi f llowing the hungrier ones such as brassicas to keep fe f rtility of the soil at its best. Beds around the edge of the sections where the soil is much lighter are used fo f r growing carr r ots to prevent fo rr f rked roots. Gourds were in good sup u ply up including a white pumpkin called ‘Polar Bear’ and a squash called ‘Tu T rks Tu Tu T rb r an’. On walls are grown pear varieties, which include ‘Deacons’; a pink-skinned variety fr f om the Isle of Wi W ght and Confe f rence. We fe W looked at the Sussex varieties of ap a ples grown over apple arches, including Egremont Ru R sset and James Grieve, Greensleeves and cooking a ple Peasegood’s Nonesuch. The ap ap a ple trees are trained using the espalier method, which helps to ripen the fr fru ruit well and maximise the sunlight fa f lling on them as the day passes. The Garden provides fo f r th t e Duke and Duchess’s household all year round. An area kn k own as the “fl f edge” garden (fl fl f owers/veg) is maintained ab fl a out the size of an average sub u urb ub r an rb back garden to inspire people to grow their own edibles within an ornamental garden.

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292 Chard and Ca C volo nero r (Tu ro T scany Kale) look beautifu Tu f l against dark blue salvias and the fu Chard is so striking it would look well in any orn r amental display. rn Finally, y other plants highlighted by Izzy included Ni y, N candr d a phy dr hys hy ysalode d s commonly called de ‘shoo fl f y’ fo f r its ab a ility to ward off f insect pests. The seeds of this plant are used in Tibetan ff medicine, they are said to have an acrid taste and a cooling, very r poisonous potency. The ry seeds are used in the treatment of contagious disorders, toothache, intestinal pain fr f om worms and impotence. Ni N cotiana, Dolichos lablab (orn r amental beans) and Ta rn T getes, the French marigold (which is excellent fo f r keeping whitefl f y away fr fl f om tomatoes) are also grown in the kitchen garden. There are just seven fu f ll time staff f and two part time students in contrast to some 40 ff gardeners in the 1940s. In the kitchen garden we viewed the Vi V nery r glasshouse in which ry were housed a memorab a le collection of Pelarg ab r onium species (so very rg r diff ry ffi ff ficult to nurtu t re tu through the winter without a dedicated heated fa f cility as the author has long fo f und to his disap a pointment). In the Vi ap V nery ry, ry y, built in 1850 by Clarke and Hope (only one other similar utility greenhouse made of cast iron is kn k own to exist and this is at Osborn r e House on the rn Isle of Wight) we also saw fr f eshly plucked bunches of grapes being prepared as table decorations fo f r the castle together with a display of peppers. On show, w other plants were w, to be seen including pineapples, Paw Paw, Bromeliads, Bananas, Chilli collection and Cucurb r its. Phoenix rb i ro ix r ebelenii and Sa S bal berm r uda rm d na were housed in poly tu da t nnels awaiting a permanent place in the soon to be built Tr T opical house. Since our visit, a new replica tropical house has been erected on the fo f undations of the old Thomas Messenger tropical house and built by Alitex. Pest control in both the Vi V nery r and Tr ry T opical House is aided by the use of predatory r wasp sachets, one fo ry f r white fl f y, y one fo f r red spider mite and one fo f r a hid control. ap Dur u ing th ur t e 1950/1960s th t e produ d ce fr du f om th t e kitchen gar a den was sent as fa ar far ar aw a ay a as Covent Garden in London. The garden and glasshouse have a maze of tu t nnels beneath which once housed coal fi f red boilers, providing heat fo f r the asparagus beds above and fo f rcing the crops out of season. The tu t nnels under the garden date fr f om around 1850/1870 and have vaulted brick ceilings and beautifu f lly engineered coal chutes. Garden boys housed in the fu bothy next door would stoke the boilers all hours of the day and these would heat the range of vineries, pineap a ple houses and pit houses that covered the site. The tu ap t nnels still exist under the garden and vinery today. They linked the packing sheds to the pit houses so f owers could be carried across the gardens to the shed without danger of fr fl f ost. One could not but admire the enthusiasm and expertise of Izzy as she condu d cted members around du the kitchen garden. What we saw was an admiral testament to her kn k owledge and passion f r organic growing. fo Our President thanked Izzy fo f r a tru r ly inspirational tour of ‘her’ pride and joy aft ru f er which ft we departed the gardens to explore the delights of this lovely town, seek out refr f eshments fr and refl f ect on a tru fl r ly wonderfu ru f l two days. fu

Kew Guild Aw A ards Scheme 2018 by Chris Kidd

The KGAS met on Thursday 8th March 2018 at 4pm and Thursday 12th July 2018 at 4pm to consider ap a plications fo f r awards and the nomination fo f r the George Brown Memorial A ard. These represented the fi Aw f nal two meetings of the Aw A ards Scheme Committee operating within the “old” Kew Guild charity; hence all ap a plications were fr f om within the membership. The Chair of the Aw A ards Committee is, as ever, greatly indebted to the other members of

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293 the committee, all of whom should be individually praised fo f r their help, advice, commitment and probity in operating this scheme within the ru r les of the Guild. Members will need no reminding th t at th t e Aw A ards Scheme exists to make awards, not with t hold fu th f nds, a task that would be made very r simple indeed if ap ry a plicants read the ap a plication fo f rm and guidance here: http t s:// tp / // k ab k/ a out-awards/ Present in March were Chris Kidd (Chairp r erson), Marcella Corcoran (Secretary) Dave rp Simpson, Allan Hart, Sal Demain, Rebecca Lane, Jean Griff ffi ff fin (President of the Kew Guild). It was with great pleasure we were ab a le to greet and welcome Jean Griff ffi ff fin who, as President of the Kew Guild fo f r 2017/18, holds a memb m ership of the Aw mb A ards Committee. Apologies fr f om: Dave Barn r es, (resigned), Christopher We rn W ddell, (resigned), Linda Baharier (Treasurer), Susyn Andrews, David Hardman, Gillian Leese, Richard Wilfo f rd, Tim fo Hughes. Present in July were Allan Hart (acting Chairp r erson), Richard Wi rp W lfo f rd, David Simpson, fo Beck Lane - fi f rst year stu t dent, Sal Demain - third year stu tu t dent. tu Apologies fr f om: Chris Kidd (Chairp r erson), Marcella Corcoran (Secretary rp r ), Linda Baharier ry (Tr T easurer), David Barn Tr r es,David Hardman, Jean Griff rn ffi ff fin, Susyn Andrews, Gillian Leese. A ards - MARCH. A total of £10,908 fr Aw f om the fi f ve named Funds and General Funds was availab a le at the meeting to be made as awards. Thirteen ap ab a plications had been made, eight were successfu f l aft fu f er individu ft d al discussion. Of the fi du f ve unsuccessfu f l ap fu a plications, three were unab a le to be considered as under the ru ab r les of the Kew Guild the members had not fu f lfi f lled their period of prior membership (one year). fi Ashleigh Davies - Tr T aining in Orcharding/London/12 days A arded £277.80 fr Aw f om Dallimore Fund Alison Legg - Botanical To T ur/ r Ky r/ K rgyzstan/two weeks A arded £700 fr Aw f om Redman Fund Aaron Maru rub ru ubbi - Beth Chatto Symposium/Essex/two days A arded £225 fr Aw f om General Funds Ana Oliveira - To T ur of Historic Gardens/Ky K oto/two weeks Ky A arded £1000 fr Aw f om General Funds Andrea To T palovic Arthan - Wi W ldfl f ower Meadows To fl T ur/ r Ky r/ K rgyzstan/two weeks A arded £700 fr Aw f om Redman Fund Kathry r n Bray - Botanical Expedition/British Columbia/two weeks ry A arded £700 fr Aw f om General Funds Richard Choksey Community Gardens Stu t dy/USA/two weeks tu A arded £700 fr Aw f om General Funds Sarah Demain - Succulents in Design/USA/two weeks A arded £1000 fr Aw f om Ian Leese Fund Of a total fu f nd availab a ility of £10,908 fo ab f r 2019, £5302.80 was awarded.

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294 A ards – JULY Aw LY. LY Y. A total of £5,605.20 fr f om the named Funds and General Funds was availab a le at the meeting to be made as awards. Four ap ab a plications had been made, all were successfu f l aft fu f er individu ft d al discussion. du Rebecca Hilgenhof - MSc Field Stu t dy Course/Colombia/15 days tu A arded £1,000 fr Aw f om John Wo W odhams Aw A ard Hugh Fletcher - Second week of travel to stu t dy Cary tu r a, Juglans, Quercus and ry Castanea/USA/one week A arded £1,000 fr Aw f om Redman Fund Harry r Baldwin - Quercus Field Stu ry t dy and Confe tu f rence/USA/two weeks fe A arded £1,000 To Aw T tal, Dalimore (£278), General (£722) Mathew Rees - MSc in Biodiversity and Ta T xonomy of Plants/Edinburgh UK/one year A arded £1000 fr Aw f om General Funds. Of a total fu f nd availability of £5,605.20 fo f r July 2018, £4,000 was awarded, leaving £1605.20 remaining. Fellowship of the Kew Guild. Honorary r Fellow’s Nominations were discussed in 2017 ry and carried over to the March meeting. Aft f er much discussion the committee decided to ft decline one nomination and unanimously accept the nomination of the second. It was fe f lt that Mike Fitt, OBE, off ffe ff fered a wealth of knowledge, experience and potential fo f r the f rtherance of the Kew Guild’s aims. Further, it was strongly suggested that as the Kew fu Guild progresses into its fu f tu t re as a CIO, consideration be given to off ffe ff fering off ffi ff ficer, if not Tru Tr rustee, roles to Fellows. The Aw A ards Committee proposed the nomination to the Main Committee fo f r Mike Fitt OBE to be elected as Fellow of the Kew Guild, this was unanimously sup u ported. Mike up has accepted and will attend the Annual Dinner in 2019. George Brown Memorial Aw A ard. Nomination was received fr f om David Barnes fo f r Marcella Corcoran to be awarded the George Brown Memorial Aw A ard. The Committee approved this unanimously. Chris Kidd as Chair of Aw A ards Committee has written to Marcella fo f rmally. Aw A ard to be accepted at Kew Guild dinner 2019. Changes to Aw A ards Committee Function. Jean a Griff an ffi ff fin spoke at length t ab th a out th t e potential changes to the operation of the Aw A ards Committee.

A ard Scheme Reports Aw A Tr T ip to Study Oaks and Conife f rs in a Califo fe f rnian Landscape with fo the International Oak Society by Harry r Baldwin ry

The ap a plicant intended to build up u on his kn k owledge and passion of the genus Querc r us, by rc travelling to various habitats and landscapes of Califo f rnia, whilst attending the 9th fo Intern r ational Oak Society Confe rn f rence at UC Davis University and Arb fe r oretu rb t m. Tr tu T aversing over Tioga Pass into the Sierras and over to the Inyo Mountains, and back up to the northern coast of Califo f rnia, enabled the author to visit a multitude of unique oak and fo

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295 conife f r hab fe a itats, including; riparian, savannah, ab evergreen, sub-alpine and montane fo f rests. Being ab a le to compliment the hands-on fi f eld work whilst attending an international confe f rence was unique, as not only did this fe fur fu urt rth ther his kn k owledge, but also built imp m ort mp r an rt a t produ d ctive relationships fo du f r his career as well as fo f r the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. The tour u began ur a at th an t e base of th t e Sierr r as where rr the applicant was able to view extensive groves of Querc r us do rc d uglasii (blue oak) which Querc r us do rc d uglasii blanketed the dry grass savannah. This beautifu f l blue leaved oak is ab fu a le to thrive in extraordinary r dry ry r conditions without a drop ry of rain throughout most of the year. Sadly, y du y, d e to many reasons such as; fi f re prevention, climate change, private ownership and invasive fl f ora and fa fau auna, this oak is prevented fr f om undertaking successfu f l reproduction, which explains why only one age class is present fu throughout most of its range. Travelling fu f rther up into the Sierras allowed the applicant to view a change in fl f ora, leaving behind Q. do d uglasii, Q. chry r solep ry e is and Pinus sabiniana opening to a mixed ep evergreen fo f rest of Ca C locedr d us de dr d curre r ns, P. re P ponde d ro de r sa and Q. ke k llogg g ii. At the summit, gg the ap a plicant was greeted with towering Se S quoiade d ndr de dro dr ron gig i anteum sitting in a post fi ig f re landscap a e, with lush young redwood growth. Passing another ancient conife ap f r, Ju fe J nip i erus ip g andis gr i alongside its small companion, Q. vaccinif is ifo if folia, both grew in the small cracks of granite which was open to the elements, which explains why the latter was so stu t nted and tu gnarled. The trip stopped at fu f rther ancient conife f r sites, including Pinus balf fe lfo lf fouriana, the great P. P longaeva and the coastal redwoods, Se S quoia semp m ervire mp r ns; yet, one of the re a plicant’s fa ap f vourite stops was the champion valley oak, Q. lobata at Covelo. This oak measured in excess of 50 metres tall, which is as tall as many tropical trees. This small grove is likely to be a small relict of a much larger population within this valley, y yet since y, the agricultu t re revolution in the 1880s, huge chunks of oak fo tu f rests have been logged to plant crops, which explains why it’s so rare to fi f nd old groves of this species. For the fi f nal three days, the ap a plicant attended the confe f rence which was rich in all matter fe of oak-related subj b ects, including; climate change, pest and disease, oaks in practical bj horticultu t re and arb tu r oricultu rb t re, conservation and scientifi tu f c research. Wi fi W th over 35 diff ffe ff ferent speakers, there was plenty packed in, but allowed a chance to gain an insight into current hot topics and meet many people within the indu d stry du r worldwide. ry Overall, this trip was a fa f ntastic opportu t nity fo tu f r the ap a plicant to learn r practically in the rn f eld, as well as theoretically by attending the oak confe fi f rence. This experience has not fe only advanced his understanding and love fo f r temp m erate trees, but also fu mp f rt r hered his ab a ility t ty with identifi f cation fo fi f r his post at RBG, Kew, w as the Arb w, r oretu rb t m Ta tu T xonomist.

Level Three Certifi f cate in Community Orcharding fi by Ashleigh Davies

My name is Ashleigh Davies, and since gradu d ating fr du f om Kew in 2015 I have worked at Highgrove as a produ d ction gardener in the orchard and walled kitchen garden. Earlier this du year I was delighted to receive fu f nds fr f om the Dallimore award through the Kew Guild to attend the Level Three Certifi f cate in Community Orcharding, delivered by The Orchard fi

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296 Proj o ect and certifi oj f ed by the Crossfi fi f elds institu fi t te. tu The course took place over twelve Fridays, two per month fr f om January to June in diff ffe ff ferent locations around London. The teaching locations were very r diverse, fr ry f om the leafy f campus of fy Roehampton University to a remnant orchard in a pub u carp ub r ark rp in Ilfo f rd, where we fo fo f und an air gun wrap a ped in a black bag! ap They were all interesting however and helped demonstrate the history of orchards in the city. For example the Imperial Wa Wr Museum now occupies the site where Bedlam hospital once stood surr r ounded by larg rr r e orchards both rg t to fe th f ed th t e patients and allow them to undertake therap a eutic horticultu ap t re. tu The course covered orchard history ry, ry y, plant physiology, y climate change, fr y, fru ruit tree and ap a ple identifi f cation, pru fi r ning, planting, group working, graft ru f ing, soil, biodiversity, ft y surveying, y, design, orchards as hab a itats, resilient systems and organic methods. The sub ab ubj ub bjects which had the most impact on me were orchards as veteran hab a itat and using organic methods to ab create a resilient orchard system. On the course I saw many examp m les of communities creating healthy, mp y produ y, d ctive orchards du using only cultu t ral methods like thickly mulching to keep the tu trees as strong and healthy as possible. It is also essential in an organic system to create diverse habitats with as many f owering plants and invertebrates as possible so that pests and fl predators are kept in balance. I was fa f scinated to learn how important orchards are as veteran habitat. Certain veteran f atures such as fl fe f aky bark or f r community orchard cru r mb ru m ling exposed heart rtw rt twood, Possible plan fo which are vital habitat fo f r many rare invertebrates, can take 400 years to ap a pear on an oak whereas an ap a ple is old at Pale tussock moth caterpillarr 80 and so provides these characteristics much sooner. f und in orchard fo The noble chafe f r beetle fo fe f r example is fo f und almost exclusively in fr fru ruit trees of 50 to 80 years of age where the larvae fe f ed on decaying wood. Although trees on dwarfi f ng rootstocks are very fi usefu f l, their life fu f span is shorter than those on vigorous fe rootstocks. It is therefo f re important when planning an fo orchard, if space allows, to include several fu f ll size trees in order to create a long term hab a itat fo ab f r wildlife f . fe Attending the course gave me the confi f dence and skills fi to set up a community orchard in Malmesbury, y where I y, live. I am now part of a committee working to bring this a out; the Mayor and To ab T wn Council have pledged their sup u port, a site has been identifi up f ed fi and we are currently awaiting the legal handover of this land fr f om Wiltshire County Council to Malmesbury r To ry T wn Council so we can begin planting. My sincere thanks go to the Kew Guild and Dallimore Aw A ard fo f r their generous fi f nancial sup u port without which I up would have been unab a le to complete this qualifi ab f cation. fi

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Nigeria: Mount Gangirwal Expedition by Felix F. Merklinger

V rnonia chth Ve t onocep th e hala ep

In 2014, when still working in the We W t Tr T opics of Afr f ica fr (WTA T ) team in the herbarium at the Royal Botanic TA Gardens, Kew, I was invited to join an expedition to Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria. This park, which is situated in central-East Nigeria along the border with Cameroon, is not only known fo f r its rich biodiversity including numerous primate species such as chimp m anzees, mp colobus monkeys or bab a oons, but also has th ab t e highest peak in We W st Afr f ica at almost 2500 metres, called Mount fr Gangirwal, or “the mountain of death”.

W th Kew’s involvement it was hoped that through fu Wi f rt r her collab a oration with partners in Nigeria, a recognised centre ab f r plant diversity studies might develop (fo fo f r fu fo f rther details see report by Merklinger & Davis 2014, RBG, Kew, 2014). Four years later, in January 2018, I returned to the park as part of a multi-disciplinary team that included anthropologists, primatologists, a science journ r alist, an artist and myself as a botanist. The rn expedition was organised and led by Prof. f Vo f. V lker Sommer, who was instrumental in f unding the park and has worked there fo fo f r 18 years in his fi f eld station at Kw K ano, fr f om where many aspects of biodiversity have been studied by numerous scientists fr f om all over the world. The aim of this two-week expedition through the mountainous Southern sector that included an ascent to Mount Gangirwal was to assess the statu t s of the park compared to tu 2014 in terms of threats such as illegal poaching, cattle grazing or logging, to survey the biodiversity (in part r icular the vegetation and primates), to show presence of multi-national rt and multi-discipline scientists (the importance of which is relevant to emphasise) and to continue the training of local rangers in botanical activities. At the same time I aimed to collect members of the Podostemaceae fa f mily fo f r a taxonomic study together with Dr Martin Cheek at Kew, as well as members of the Asteraceae fa f mily, which are to be included in my stu t dies toward a PhD at the University of Bonn. tu Befo f re we could set off fo f onto the expedition, it was necessary ff r to obtain the permission of ry The Emir of Gashaka. The roles of an Emir as a traditional ru r ler are the responsibilities of local administration and govern r ment of his domain in parallel to the state politics. Most rn importantly he solves disputes between his people. As such he is an important and highly respected authority and it is considered off ffe ff fensive to enter his lands without his Podostemaceae in watercourse prior consent. The fi f rst days of the expedition led us through extensive stretches of Guinea Savannah – a type of wooded grassland that covers much of the lower lying areas of th t e South t ern th r sector, and is comp rn m rised of mp plants that can tolerate fi f re or recover rapidly aft f er burning. A particularly ft interesting pyrophytic species fr f om the daisy fa f mily (Asteraceae) was collected here: Ve V rn r onia chth t onocep th e hala ep l . This plant la

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298 Poacher huts are burn r ed by the rangers rn

emerges fr f om the ground shortly aft f er fi ft f res have swept through. It produces small purple infl f orescences at ground level fl befo f re pushing leaves in fo response to the rains later in the year.

Along the various watercourses, lowland seasonal hardwood f rest is fo fo f und to fo f rm a mosaic with t Guinea Savan th a nah an a . This ty ah typ ype of vegetation cover only survives along watercourses and is continuously threatened by f re and grazing. Because these fi plants are not adap a ted to fi ap f re, the repeated burn r ing of the surrounding grassland results in rn the understorey of these fo f rests slowly disap a pearing. As a result, larger trees are oft ap f en not ft protected by surrounding vegetation and burn themselves. Losing the understorey also means th t at th t e vegetation dr d ies out mu m ch qu q icker du dur uring th t e dr dry ry season. Notab a le specimens ab are trees of the Sapindaceae and Fabaceae fa f milies, as well as some Rubiaceae and Panda d nus cande da d labrum. de One of the reasons to burn r the grassland is to promote the young growth of grass, which rn is eaten by livestock. Cattle grazing is off ffi ff ficially fo f rb r idden within the boundaries of the park. Ye Y t, the Fulani people who tend to the cattle owned by infl f uential people such as fl politicians (cattle as a statu t s symbol) will fr tu f equently enter the park with the animals, oft f en ft causing violent disputes and gun fi f ring between them and the rangers. The fo f llowing days we start r ed to ascend Mount Gangirw rt r al. At ab rw a out 1200 metr t es elevation tr and ab a ove, the montane fo f rest begins. Ve V ry r high humidity fo f r most of the year promotes a healthy growth of mosses and lichens on the trees. Growth also becomes somewhat stunted, leading to a more dense vegetation cover. In this “j “ ungle” one can still fi f nd a myriad of little known species, fo f r example members of the Thymelaeaceae (Daphne) f mily (e.g. Dicranolep fa e is ep i ). Numerous watercourses provide a home to a fa f mily of aquatic angiosperms. The Podostemaceae are specialised to grow in fa f st fl f owing rap a ids of fr ap f esh water streams. Species are oft f en very ft r restricted and sometimes even kn ry k own only fr f om one river. From time to time we stu t mbled up tu u on signs of poaching. Even in what we considered the most remote parks of the park, the rangers would spot sling-trap a s and once we even came ap across a yellow-backed dyker that had been caught – we managed to release it fr f om the trap a . ap Aft f er six days of strenuous hiking we emerged fr ft f om the fo f rest and reached the grassland on top of Mount Gangirwal. Here we spent two nights in temperatu t res close to fr tu f eezing, while du d ring the day we got burn r ed by the sun in the tree-less open. rn Until some decades ago much of the Gangirwal escarpment (as well as the entire Cameroonian highlands) were still covered in montane fo f rest. However, fo f rest clearing, cattle herding and burn r ing to promote the fr rn f esh re-growth sought by livestock has led to signifi f cant loss. Such practices are severely impacting fl fi f oral diversity in the lowland and highland areas, where some plants such as the Afr f ican dropseed (Sp fr S oro Sp r bolus af ro afr fricanus) have become dominant. In fa f ct, in many places, and in part r icular on top of the escarp rt r ment, rp

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299 all that remains is grass. This is continuously nibbled on by herds of cattle and once it is gone, the slopes will start eroding. As a result, entire mountainsides will tu t rn r into a desertlike wastelan a d – a process th an t at has already d taken its cour dy u se in mu ur m ch of th t e Mamb m illa plateau mb a au adj d acent to the park. Another omni-present species, especially at the fo dj f rest edge, is the invasive weed Ch C ro r molaena odo d rata (Asteraceae) native to South America. do On our way down we crossed valleys that to our kn k owledge no fo f reigner had ever visited befo f re. Here we did not even see signs of poachers. But we did see dozens of fr fo f eshly made chimp nests, raising our hopes of the presence of a stab a le population of these primates. ab W also spotted signs of water buff We ffa ff falos along the watercourses. Finding these intact tracts of fo f rest raised our hopes fo f r the prolonged survival of this park. Given the cultu t ral importance of pastoralism in Nigeria as well as the newly added threat tu of logging by Chinese comp m anies, it seems unlikely that much of the park mp r can be protected rk f om destru fr r ctive anthropogenic practices. Any attemp ru m t to stop illegal grazing, to “manage” mp burning and to identify f top priority protection or restoration areas will have to rely on fy assessments of key vegetation elements. More systematic surveying and fu f tu t re botanical work will no doubt identify f many more interesting plants, provide clues about their fy ecological intricacies and thus create much needed attention fo f r the fl f oristic importance of th t e wider Gashaka area. I am deeply gratefu f l to th fu t e Kew Guild fo f r th t eir ongoing sup u port up r rt and fo f r the fu f nding received toward this expedition.

A Tr T ip to the Wo W nders of Japanese Historic Gardens by Ana Oliveira

As a Kew Diploma stu t dent, my travel scholarship headed to Ky tu K oto to see historic gardens. Although I’m passionate ab a out them, it would also relate to my dissertation ab a out whether Jap a anese historic gardens can show us how to redu ap d ce stress in an outdoor environment. du The Japanese have been designing gardens with the aim to slow down, meditate, or contemplate, and I wanted to know if their principles could be incorporated into a contemporary design. I headed to Ky K oto to see many gardens while minimizing travel, including the ka k re r sansui (gravel gardens), shakk kke kk kei (borrowed scenery), or Ka K iy i u-shikiteien (str t oll gardens). I saw 23 in total, which enab tr a led me to see pattern ab r s and distinguishing rn f atu fe t res, but also allowed me to contemplate, write, or merely observe how the Jap tu a anese ap experience each place. With the help fr f om Yu Y ri Ugaya, a specialist in Kyoto gardens, I also learned that, while in the We W st a garden is mainly an aesthetic exercise, in Japan a garden without mean a ing is pointless. A group an u of rocks up can be a fi f sh swimming up a stream to turn into a dragon, fo f r instance. Plants are also metaphors, and conife f rs can symbolize long life fe f fe (cuttings don’t wilt).

The ka k re r sansui at To T fu f ku k -j -i

What interested me mostly was how a garden can slow us down and relax… Narrow paths or stepping stones fo f rce us to walk slowly. In

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Katsura the stepping stones are used to draw the eyes away fr f om the garden. As the visitor arrives at a wider stone and looks around, they are surp r rised as they see a wonderfu rp f l fu view. Zen gardens are also soothing. They seem like another temple room and are only seen fr f om a single side of the building. Like a live painting with a designated seated area. One is persuaded to sit, contemplate, and slow down. The comfo f rt of a building fo also protects fr f om the harsh weather.

kei garden kke kk k in, a shakk ku Shugaku

Another widespread fe f ature are waterfa f lls. They oft fa f en recall a ft mountain str t eam or cascade, but th tr t ey add sound and mask surrounding noises (especially vehicle traff ffi ff fic). A garden with views doesn’t have to be large either. Muri-an is a small stroll/borrowed scenery garden that provides views and surp r rises th rp t rough carefu f l landscaping and planting fu design. I could also tell the Jap a anese ap still enj n oy the old gardens as a haven nj f r tranquillity. At Shisen-dō there fo were a fe f w Japanese who went fo f r some tranquillity aft f er a working ft day. Contemporary gardens can be -i -j f om the temple at Enko-j The view fr also similar to historic ones. Zuihoin (1961) looked remarkably like m ch older gardens like Ry mu R oan-j - i (XV Centu -j t ry tu r ). Wi W th t th t is tr t ip I learn r ed I could incorp rn r orate rp some principles in a western r garden. Ru rn R nning water, manipulating views, or laying paths to slow us down, are strategies that soothe the human mind. A contemplating garden doesn’t mean a large space either as many Jap a anese gardens are oft ap f en a small enclosed ft outdoor room. These str t ategies may be ap tr a plied in urb r an pocket gardens, hospitals, mental health rb t fa th f cilities, or dense urb r an environments. The trip proved historic gardens can inspire fu rb f tu t re designs aft f er all. ft

The Kew Guild Honorary Membership by Allan Hart

The thirteenth year of the Fellowship has been marr r ed by the deaths of two of its most rr prominent members. Derek Edwards (2006), a pioneer of innovative methods fo f r growing high quality tu t rf on an indu d strial scale. John Brookes, one of the world’s du leading Modern r ist garden designers. Both Derek and John regarded their election to the rn Fellowship as a great honour and privilege. Full reports of their careers are recorded in the Obitu t ary tu r section of the Journ ry r al. rn

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301 Current Honorary Fellows are: Elected 2006 Roy Lancaster, John Melmoe, Tim Smit, Ed Wo W lf 2007 Dennis McGlade, Anna Pavord 2009 Richard Bisgrove, Niall Kirkwood 2010 Shirley Sherwood 2011 Adil Güner 2012 John Massey, y Graham Ross y, 2013 Piet Oudolph 2014 Peter Thoday 2015 Raymond Evison 2016 No ap a pointment 2017 James Hitchmough, Nigel Dunnett 2018 Michael Fitt Michael Fitt Michael was Former Deputy Chief Executive and Director of Parks fo f r The Royal Parks, where he was responsible fo f r the day to day management and maintenance of London’s eight Royal Parks. Since taking early retirement, his involvement with The Royal Parks continues through his work as Honorary r Archivist ry and Chairman of The Royal Parks’ Guild. Currently he is involved with a wide range of green space organisations across London and beyond, being President of Parks fo f r London and Chair of its Access and Inclusion Wo W rking Group u , a Tr up Tru rustee/Director of London in Bloom, Tr Tru rustee/Director of The London Parks and Gardens Tr Tru rust and a Tr Tru rustee/Director of The Gardeners Royal Benevolent Society (Perennial). He has a particular interest in an accessible London and works with a diverse range of disability/special needs organisations. Michael is currently working with others in the horticultural industry to raise the profi f le and importance of apprenticeships fo fi f r young people coming into horticultu t re. tu He is a tremendous ambassador fo f r horticultu t re and is an ‘In Bloom’/horticultu tu t ral judge tu f r various organisations, including London in Bloom, South & South East In Bloom, fo Flowers in the City, y London Gardens Society and is a Green Flag judge. y, Other ‘extra mural’ activities include - Patron of Holly Lodge Centre, ‘Special Needs in a Special Place’, Richmond Park, Trustee fo f r London Wildlife f Trust, Trustee of the fe Richmond Park Charitable Trust, Vi V ce President of PHAB (charity fo f r people with disab a ilities), Extern ab r al adviser to Black Environment Network, Fellow of The Chartered rn Institute of Horticulture, Freeman of the City of London and a Liveryman of The W rshipfu Wo f l Company of Gardeners. fu

News of Honorary Fellows Tim Smit Rarely have I had a busier year than 2018 as Eden’s work at our home in Corn r wall and rn around the world continues at an exhilarating pace. We W ’ve boldly stated our ambition to have an Eden Proj o ect in every oj r inhab ry a ited continent and with this in mind, a maj ab a or moment aj came in February during the Prime Minister’s trade delegation to China. My close

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colleague David Harland, Eden Proj o ect oj International Limited Chief Executive, signed an agreement with China Jinmao Holdings Limited, our partners in the landmark new attraction we are building in the coastal city of Qingdao. Elsewhere we have made great progress as part of the advisory r group ry u working on up plans fo f r the Sustainability Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dub u ai, United Arab ub a Emirates. ab

Closer to home, in October we announced a ground-breaking educational hub fo f r the City of Derry~Londonderry, working with a group u of partners looking to transfo up f rm lands on the banks of the River Foyle into a new fo cultu tur tu ural tour u ism, an ur a d commu mun mu unity t asset helping to dr ty d ive social, economic an a d environmental regeneration in the city. ∞ Blue, created by Alexander Groves and Azusa Murakami oject roj ro den Pro Ede Ed t dio Swine. ©Ed tu of Stu

At Eden, we unveiled our latest great work of art. It’s called ∞ Blue (Infi f nity Blue) and it fi is an immersive, 20-tonne installation that pays homage to cyanobacteria. The giant ceramic is the centerp r iece of Invisible Wo rp W rlds, our exhibition revealing the untold and unseen stories of our planet beyond our senses. It is an artwork of quite transcendent magnifi f cence which we are confi fi f dent cap fi a tivates all who see it. I hope you can be among ap them in 2019. ©Ed Ede Ed den Pro roj ro oject. Anna Pavord Last year was relatively quiet. We W went to Mexico in Febru r ary ru r to see the migration of the ry Monarch butterfl f ies. The butterfl fl f ies were splendid, hanging rather like beeswarm fl r s in great rm clusters fr f om the pine trees, but I was not expecting such a razzmatazz of stalls and exploitation. But then, why not? To T urists exist to provide a living. The country r side around ry was very r disap ry a pointing. Va ap V st areas covered in polytu t nnels, growing blackb tu k erries fo kb f r the American market. We W spent the whole two weeks in the Central Mexican Highlands, but sadly, y my chief memory y, r is of the ap ry a palling mounds of litter every r where. ry In April I travelled in the Netherlands with a very r lively group ry u of Australians and talked up to them ab a out tu t lips and other things. It was a very r well organised trip (by an Australian ry outfi f t called Botan fi a ica) an an a d I was part r icularly imp rt m ressed with mp t th th t e Hort rtu rt tus Bulboru r m at Lisse. ru I’d been there a fe f w times befo f re, but on this trip, the timing was perfe fo f ct and the ancient fe f owers looked sup fl u erb up r . rb During the year, I wrote a series of three pieces fo f r Gard rde rd dens Il I lustr t ated ab tr a out Folly Farm in Berkshire, originally laid out by Edwin Lutyens. Simon Goodenough, fo f rmerly curator of the Ve V ntnor Botanic Garden, is now the estate manager at Folly Farm and it is looking a solutely sup ab u erb up r , aft rb f er restoration by the Oppenheimers. It’s not oft ft f en open, but go if you ft get a chance. The gardening team are completely brilliant. I was also at Plas Brondanw last summer, which I wrote ab a out fo f r Ho H use and Gard rde rd den. It is a most extraordinary r place, designed by the architect Clough Wi ry W lliams-Ellis, with vistas wonderfu f lly planned to centre on various peaks of Snowdonia. Highly recommend. fu The whole of November we spent in Sikkim, which I have written befo f re in these notes. fo

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303 This was our seventh journey. It was as astonishing as ever, although the roads are fa f r worse than when we fi f rst went there 14 years ago. The people though are the kindest you could ever hope to meet. Niall Kirkw k ood kw (FA F SLA) FA This Spring I led a design studio studying the land and landscape implications of the unifi f cation of the fi Korean Peninsula. Sponsored by Lott t e Corp tt r oration of Seoul, Repub rp u lic ub of Korea, twelve gradu d ate landscap du a e ap students fr f om Harvard Design School travelled with me to the Demilitarised Zone (DMZ) between North and South Korea to carry r out ry site analysis and document the W imin Zhuang, Dean School of Architecture andd f ssor We fe Profe agricultural, fo f rest and urban f ssor Kirkwood fe Profe landscapes which also included a visit to the Korea Furniture Museum and Private Traditional Gardens in Seongbukgu, Seoul. The resulting stu t dent design work tu r rk was the recipient of the American Society t of ty Landscape Architects (ASLA) Student A ard of Excellence in Communications, Aw 2018 and was fe f atured in the awards ceremony during the ASLA Annual Convention in Philadelphia, PA P . In October I received a courtesy appointment as Distinguished Vi V siting Profe f ssor of the Department of Landscap fe a e Architectu ap t re, School of Architectu tu t re, Tsinghua tu University in a ceremony in Beij i ing, China and gave a keynote lecture at Tsinghua ij University and Beij i ing University. ij A ard of Excellence 2018 ASLA Aw

Adil Güner Most of my time th t is year a has been taken up ar u as General Editor of ‘Resimli Tür ürk ür rkiye Florasi’, (Illustrated Flora of Tu T rkey), an ambitious proj o ect coordinated fr oj f om the Nezahat Göky k iğit ky Botanic Garden (NGBB) in Istanbul where I am Director. Following the APGIII classifi f cation system, Vo fi V lume 2 was published in March and provides a key to all the T rkish Va Tu V scular plant fa f milies and covers lycopods, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and some initial angiosperm fa f milies including Liliaceae. This weighty volume of 1054 pages is also availab a le online. A team of over 40 Tu ab T rkish artists provided fu f ll page illustrations of 95% of the 424 taxa, 42 are in colour. We W held an exhibition of some of the illustrations in the Botanic Garden and work continues on Vo V lumes 3 and 4. In connection with the Flora proj o ect, I made three visits to the Kew Herb oj r arium, the fi rb f rst, enab a led me to attend an enj ab n oyab nj a le evening at the Guild dinner. I also visited RHS Wi ab W sley to meet up u with Fergus Garr r ett who continues to inspire us and to visit NGBB regularly. rr July saw me at the Edinburgh Herb r arium and a month later in St Petersburg. I attended rb the Wo W rld Flora Online (WFO) meeting in Bogotá, Colombia in June and Dublin in December. Closer to home were two visits to the recently reopened Çuku k rova Botanic ku

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304 Garden, Adana to see their new Herb r arium, Library rb r and teaching fa ry f cility. The Garden continues to attract over 200,000 visitors annually with almost 3,000 children and adu d lts registering fo du f r edu d cation proj du o ects. Children’s gardening proj oj o ects and summer oj school programmes are popular. A th t riving Botanical Illustr t ation group tr u meet in th up t e Garden and the Certifi f cate in Practical Horticultu fi t re (CPH) courses are always fu tu f lly booked. Peter Thoday Like other Guild members I started my career growing wild plants. Wild collected accessions in a botanic garden. For the next 50 years cultivars took over but now in my dotage native species have retu t rn tu r ed and weeds have metamorp r hosed into wild fl rp f owers. In 2018 I have had the pleasure of close links with The Eden Proj o ect’s resurr oj r ected National rr W ld Flower Centre, and manager Richard Scott’s vast fu Wi f nd of kn k owledge. Such specialist skills usually ensure an initial success with t estab th a lishing wild fl ab f owers in urb r an pub rb u lic greenub space. But it is in the fo f llow-up u management of these species enriched sites that things go up wrong. This may seem surp r rising when mowing is the only husbandry rp r tool used; however ry the timing, fr f equency and height of cut introdu d ce enough interrelated variab du a les to invite ab disaster, particularly when specifi f c star-turn species are wanted. I am learning that fi ecological husbandry r requires the manipulation of the same fa ry f ctors as growing any crop; spacing, compaction, competition, nutritional levels, aspect and shade. My fa f vourite proj o ect in my new incarn oj r ation as a weed grower is on our doorstep, the site rn of a pub u destroyed by a gas explosion in the 1950s. It has a sup ub u erb up r view across By Brook rb valley and was recently acquired by a very dedicated group who will retain the site as pub u lic open space. The area will be maintained as a fo ub f rb r rich sward of species native to this area of Wi W ltshire. Our local low fe f rtility oolitic limestone brash being replaced by the debris of the pub u lic bar! Now where did I put that seed list! ub Raymond Evison 2018 was yet again a progressive year fo f r our businesses worldwide and in our breeding work in Guernsey, where over 2,000 new cultivars were fl f owered fo f r the fi f rst time, some going on f r fu fo f rther trials in the fu f tu t re. Having attended trade shows in both the USA and Germany d ring January du ry, ry y, I spent time in South Korea and China in April, in Seoul at the “International Horticulture Goyang Korea 2018” show, I staged our u comp ur m an mp a ies’ fi f rst ever exhibit in Korea The Raymond Evison Clematis exhibit at the with clematis that had been grown in South International Horticulture Goyang Korea 2018 Korea under licence. Show

All the clematis seedlings taken this Novemberr

A week later our exhibit at The Hongyue which will be evaluated in April 2019 Horticulture Corp, “Wo W rld Garden Show” was Wo seen by many thousands of people and our Clematis ‘Bij i ou’ (tm) Evpo030 (n) was awarded ij the Gold Aw A ard beating all other plants fr f om around the world in the New Plant Competition, a great honour. Septemb m er and October saw visits to China, South mb t th

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305 Korea and Jap a an again on business although I ap was able to get into the mountains of North Beij i ing and also in Yu ij Y nnan in search of native plants and of course clematis species. Most of my time in China was devoted to the detail of the Clematis Garden that I have designed fo f r the Beij i ing Florascap ij a e Co. Ltd. ap This 270 square metre clematis garden is curr r ently being built at the Intern rr r ational Expo rn site North of Beij i ing and will ru ij r n fr f om May i ou (tm) Evipo030 (n) ij Clematis Bij until September 2019. This is indeed a great honour to have been asked to design such a large garden fo f r a Chinese company which will fe f atu t re many clematis bred in Guern tu r sey. rn

The George Brown Memorial Aw A ard

F r fu Fo f rth t erin th i g communicati in t on and di ti dip iplo l macy c in cy i th t e tr t ue sp s ir i it of o th t e Ke K w Guil ild il ld

Sandy Atkins by Allan Hart

Sandy d Atk dy t ins was edu tk d cated at Tiff du ffi ff fin Girls School, Kingston, and at We W stminster College. Sandy worked as a botanist at Kew f om 1981 until 2004. During this time she worked in the fr Herb r arium, mainly on the taxonomy and classifi rb f cation of the fi V rb Ve r ena fa f mily. She made many plant collections and travelled to Tu T rkey, y Brazil and Indonesia. y, She became a memb m er of th mb t e Kew Guild in 1991 an a d at th t e same time became its Honorary Secretary. She remained in this cap a acity until 1994. The committee decided that the work ap r of the rk Secretary r had become too much fo ry f r one person. It was decided to share the burden and Kenwyn Pearson took on the role of Hon. Secretary r while Sandy became the Vi ry V ce Secretary ry, ry y, which she served until 1998. She was a member of the committee fr f om 2001 to 2004 and was elected Vi V ce President f r 2004-2005. During her time as Vi fo V ce President, she put fo f rward the idea that the Kew Guild should fu f nd an area of th t e gardens at Kew, w to be kn w, k own as ‘The Kew Guild Garden’. This idea was carr r ied fo rr f rw r ard by Allan Hart r , and became th rt t e very r successfu ry f l Kew Gardens fu vegetab a le plots; completely re-designed by Allan Hart, and fo ab f r the fi f rst time, open to the pub u lic as part of Kew. ub In 2010, along with t Jill Cowley, th y John Dransfi y, f eld and Keith fi t Ferguson, she organised a Kew th Guild event, visiting th t e gardens of retired Kew staff f living in th ff t e We W lsh borders. Alth t ough th no longer sitting on the committee, Sandy is still a keen member of the Kew Guild and f llows events closely. fo The Kew Guild would like to fo f rm r ally ackn k owledge her work kn r , help and interest over many rk years. Sandy has been a wonderfu f l ambassador and an outstanding member of the Guild fu both during her time at Kew and in retirement. The George Brown Memorial Aw A ard is therefo f re given as a just recognition of her achievements. fo

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Kew News: 2018 ‘Kew And Yo Y u’ is the weekly newsletter produced by and fo f r Kew’s volunteers and also available fo f r staff ff. ff f. Vo V lunteer Editor Amanda Le Poer-Tr T ench has kindly agreed Tr to allow the Guild to publish excerpts, which will undoubtedly be of great interest to Kewites around the world. All copyright belongs to RBG Kew. w Once again précised w. by Richard Wa W rd.

Januaryy Building a new Arboretum Nursery at Kew Gardens. If you’ve been down to the Arb r oretu rb t m Nursery tu r at Kew Gardens recently you will have noticed some changes. Fences ry have been constructed, trees and shrubs moved, and buildings emptied of staff f and ff equipment. All this is in preparation fo f r the replacement of all the nursery ry, ry y, propagation and staff f fa ff f cilities with brand new buildings. This proj o ect will provide two fa oj f cilities, the fi f rst being a purp r ose-built glasshouse fa rp f cility with t six temp th m eratu mp t re-regulated zones and th tu t e latest environmental contr t ols fo tr f r propagating and growing temperate trees and shru rub ru ubs fo f r the Arb r oretu rb t m collections and gardens. The tu second fa f cility will be the much-needed Arboretum HQ and staff f welfa ff f re fa fa f cilities to replace the old wooden dy d sfu f nctional messroom in the Stab fu a le Ya ab Y rd. This building will also incorp r orate a suite of off rp ffi ff fices, meeting room, plant records and a training room fo f r up u to thirty staff ff/ ff f/stu t dents. – Richard Deverell tu Global deal with Procter and Gamble signed. I am really delighted to announce that RBG Kew has signed a global ten-year deal with Procter and Gamble to develop a range of Kew-licensed skincare, haircare and beauty produ d cts. Procter and Gamble are a large, du global consumer goods company with headquarters in Cincinnati in the USA. The company was fo f unded in 1837 and currently employs nearly 100,000 staff f with $65bn of ff sales. W have had a long term relationship with P&G and have entered this new partnership We because we were very r impressed by the degree of commitment shown by P&G to invest ry in the relationship with Kew and to develop a global range of produ d cts that they, du y and we, y, will be proud of. f They will bring tremendous resources to this including an impressive f. cultu t re of innovation and a great fo tu f cus on delivery r to high standards. I am hugely excited ry by this partnership and will do all I can to ensure it fl f ourishes. It has the potential to generate very r signifi ry f cant income fo fi f r Kew over the coming years. – Richard Deverell Keeping The Hive at Kew. I am delighted to let you know that The Hive, Wo W lfg f ang fg Buttress’ award winning installation, initially created fo f r the Milan Expo in 2015, will be staying at Kew Gardens fo f r the fo f reseeab a le fu ab f tu t re. RBG Kew actu t ally owns The Hive and tu we have decided, given its tremendous popularity and the evident impact it has had since it opened here in June 2016, that it should stay fo f r a fa f r longer period than the two years initially anticipated. We W will need to ap a ply fo f r planning permission to extend its stay – so our decision is contingent up u on this being successfu f l. – Richard Deverell fu Februaryy Reducing carbon emissions and saving energy. y During the fi y. f rst three quarters of 201718 we’ve achieved a redu d ction in energy-related carb du r on emissions of 10% and redu rb d ced du

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307 our energy consumption by 6%, compared to the same period last year. We W used 184,338 kWh less electricity (a 3% redu d ction) and 898,108 kWh less in heating (a 6% redu du d ction). du In total, energy consumption has been 6% lower than du d ring the same period in 2016-17. The energy-related carb r on emissions graph shows the total is 4,581 tonnes fo rb f r April to December, 534 tonnes less than April to December in the 2016-17 fi f nancial year. These are combined fi f gures fo f r Kew Gardens and Wa W kehurst. This means we’re on track to beat our 230 tonne annual carb r on redu rb d ction target and to du achieve the 32% redu d ction needed to meet the 2020 Greening Govern du r ment target. We rn W ’re making progress, but there’s more to come. As the Te T mperate House comes back into fu f ll use, its new biomass boiler will help to redu d ce the impact of the re-opening on our heating du consumption. Sustainability is also a key consideration in Kew’s other cap a ital proj ap o ects. oj Everyone can contribute to these successes. Our new computers will save 18 tonnes of carb r on emissions. Remembering to switch them off rb f when not in use as well as switching ff off f lights, printers and other devices when not needed will help us meet our targets. The ff sustainab a ility team carr ab rry rr ry out spot checks as part of the ISO14001 intern r al auditing process rn so we can identify f and redu fy d ce energ du r y waste. Thank you all fo rg f r your commitment to making Kew’s work as sustainab a le as possible. ab Brazilian graduate to take up artistic scholarship at Kew. The Margaret Mee Fellowship Programme Artist Scholarship fo f r 2018 has been awarded to Brazilian biology gradu d ate Gustavo Surlo who at 21 is the youngest ever winner of the award and the fi du f rst entrant fr f om Bahia State. The programme enab a les Brazilian ab a botan an a ical illustr an t ators to stu tr t dy tu d in th t e UK an a d was inspired by Margaret Mee whose work drew attention to the imp m ortance of the fl mp f ora of the Amazon rainfo f rest. Sixty of her pictu fo t res, the ‘Amazon Collection’ are held in perp tu r etu rp t ity at Kew. tu The fu f nding enab a les one scholar to be tu ab t tored at Kew fo f r fi f ve months by botanical artist Christabel King during which they produce ten plant watercolour portraits which are exhibited at the end of their time at Kew. 22 artist scholarships have been awarded since 1997. Entry r is via online sub ry u mission judged by a panel in Kew and Brazil. Gustavo will ub take up his scholarship just aft f er Easter. Contact: Dr Nicholas Hind Chairman of the ft Margaret Mee Fellowship Programme’. March Alan Paton (Head of Science Collections) writes: The 10-year Kew Science Collections Strategy includes what collections are currently available, and which represent critical research priorities. It also confi f rms how the collections need to be managed and how to fi increase global access to them. Kew’s vast scientifi f c collections of plants and fu fi f ngi fr f om across th t e globe cover an a estimated 95% of vascular a plan ar a t genera an an a d 60% of fu fun ungal genera and are fu f ndamental to describing and understanding plant and fu f ngal life f on Earth. They fe lie at the heart of the organisation and are critical to helping to fi f nd solutions to some of the greatest challenges fa f ced by humanity as they underp r in research into climate change, rp f od security and disease. fo What are the science collections at Kew? Herb r arium – 7 million pressed plant specimens; rb Spirit Collection – 76,000 specimens preserved in spirit; Fungarium – 1.25 million specimens of dr d ied fu fun ungi & over 1,000 fu fun ungal cultu tur tu ures in liqu q id nitr qu t ogen; Economic Botan tr a y an Collection – 100,000 samples documenting use of plants by humans; Seed Collection at the Millennium Seed Bank – 86,000 collections & over two billion seeds; DNA and Tissue Bank – 48,000 samp m les of plant genomic DNA & 10,000 tissue samp mp m les; Microscope Slide mp Collection – 150,000 microscope slides of plant and fu f ngal anatomy; In Vi V tro Collection – 6,000 living plant and fu f ngal cultu t res in jars of agar. tu

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308 Some of Kew’s aims fo f r 2028 are to have: - digitised Kew’s 8.5 million science collections. - made all specimen data accessible via online portals. - stored seed fr f om all plant genera, 50% of all priority species of crop wild relatives and 60% of tree species that have bankab a le seeds, in the Millennium Seed Bank or banked ab by in-country r partners. ry - opened a ‘Kew Cry r osphere’ storage fa ry f cility at the Millennium Seed Bank at W kehurst, providing greatly extended cry Wa r ogenic storage and training fa ry f cilities and the a ility to bank key desiccation-intolerant tropical and temperate tree species. ab - increased representation of plant and fu f ngal species fr f om target areas in Sub u -Saharan ub Afr f ica, Central and South America and South-East Asia, particularly endemic, fr threatened, and ecologically or economically important species. - a global refe f rence collection of wood specimens fo fe f r tree genera threatened by intern r ational trade. rn - improved infr f astru fr r ctu ru t re fo tu f r the collection, curation, and storage of genomic and transcriptomic data. - ru r n crowd sourcing initiatives to increase data cap a tu ap t re, analysis, and citizen scientist engagement with all collections. The primary r audiences fo ry f r the strategy will be Kew and other UK scientists, the global community of researchers in plant and fu f ngal science, governments and policy-makers looking fo f r data to info f rm policies on use, as well as non-govern fo r mental organisations in rn conservation and sustainab a le development. ab The healing powers of Kew. w The evidence of Kew’s ap w. a par a ently sub ar u stan ub a tial healing powers an is growing stronger week by week. Lourdes may soon have a signifi f cant rival, writes fi Richard Barley in the Executive Board blog. Among the thousands of personal items picked up u or handed in to Kew’s Constab a ulary ab r team each year are mobility aids such as ry cru r tches, walking sticks and even walking fr ru f ames. One can only conclude th t at a proport r ion rt of our visitors who arrive with a level of mobility impairment are throwing aside their walking aids aft f er taking in the essence of Kew, to then no doubt depart with a jaunty ft spring in their step. Wheelchairs, too, are left f ab ft a andoned at the fa f rthest reaches of the site, no longer needed aft f er the Kew atmosphere takes eff ft ffe ff fect. For many more people, a mountain of evidence also suggests that the gift f of good eyesight ft is being restored. Over the past coup u le of years, no fe up f wer than 380 pairs of glasses have been ab a andoned by visitors at Kew, w as their previous owners depart w, r with new-fo rt f und ocular fo acuity. Surely there can be no other sensible explanation fo f r so many pairs of specs being left f behind, never to be reclaimed! Hearing aids are no longer required aft ft f er a stroll amid ft Kew’s botanical splendours... these too are cast aside! Never befo f re has such ample and fo irr r efu rr f tab fu a le evidence fo ab f r the benefi f ts of garden visiting on people’s wellbeing been so clear. fi I fe f el a scientifi f c pap fi a er in the air... (And by the way, ap y the discarded items, if not reclaimed y, by their owners, are donated to charities...). April p V lunteering Results 2017 – 2018 – Congratulations and thanks to you all fo Vo f r your sterling contribution to our work r . Kew recognises the vital and integral role our volunteers rk play in our work and the value you contribute to the Kew community. We W have a record of working with volunteers since 1992 and curr r ently enj rr n oy the invaluab nj a le sup ab u port of 756 up volunteers and a team of volunteers associated with our Grow Wi W ld proj o ect, which takes oj our volunteer numbers to over 800. We W also benefi f t fr fi f om the support of 80 Honorary Researchers. Last year our core 756 RBG Kew volunteers donated a range of diverse skills

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309 and more than 120,000 hours to Kew’s mission. Although this equates to a value of £1.89 million that the organisation would have had to spend on an equivalent contribution of staff f time, more important still is all the qualitative data and fe ff f edback that we receive concerning the value that you, our sterling volunteer task fo f rce brings to Kew – your commitment, kn k owledge, enthusiasm, and energy. The 2,825 ‘volunteer led guided tours’ last year were a testimony to the added value you bring to the visitor experience across both the Kew and Wa W kehurst sites. With an average volunteer donation of 4.4 working weeks a year, our volunteer roles encompass support to every aspect of our work, including science, horticulture, our schools, fa f milies and visitor programmes. New volunteer programmes intr t odu tr d ced th du t is year include Galleries and Exhibition Stewards and a Yo Y uth Explainer Vo V lunteer Programme f r young people aged 14 to 17 years aligned to a Duke of Edinburgh Aw fo A ard or CREST A ard. Aw W also hosted our fi We f rst ‘Vi V siteering’ day in our Digital Collections Unit as part of Vi W DigBio (Wo We W rldwide Engagement fo Wo f r Digitizing Biocollections) where volunteers spent a day learning about our work and transcribing Herb r arium specimen labels online. We rb W also promoted environmental volunteering by hosting ‘Employee Vo V lunteering Days’ fo f r the corp r orate sector. Last year 180 volunteers took part rp r in corp rt r orate volunteering activities rp over 10 days – Amanda Le Poer Tr T ench. Kew hosts visit by Commonwealth VIPs. Recently, y as part of the Commonwealth Heads y, of Government Meeting in the UK, Kew put on a programme that demonstrated our international reach and partnerships across the Commonwealth. Let me start with an anecdote fr f om Friday. Richard told me: ‘Philip May, y the Prime Minister’s husband told y, me at the end of the visit: “We W had very We r high expectations fo ry f r our visit to Kew – and you have exceeded them”.’ The event on Friday was part of the Spouses’ Programme, hence Philip May was one of our key guests. Others included The Countess of We W ssex, Mr. Mawhinney, (husband of the Baroness Scotland, the Secretary General of the Commonwealth) and Ms. Wheeler, (the UK Foreign Secretary’s wife f ) and we also fe welcomed ab a out 35 spouses and partners of the 53 Commonwealth Heads of Govern r ment. rn Y u may wonder why we wanted to welcome the spouses of the Heads of Govern Yo r ment to rn Kew. There are two main reasons. Firstly, y most of the guests have their own profi y, f le and fi use their platfo f rms fo fo f r charity and campaigning. I spoke with one guest fr f om an Afr f ican fr nation who was passionate about fo f rest conservation and so I introduced her to Iain Darb r yshire to see whether Kew was already working in her country rb r . Tim Utteridge had a ry f uitfu fr f l conversation with another guest about fi fu f nding a way through some national bureaucracy in a South East Asian country r . The second reason is that the UK Govern ry r ment rn a d th an t e Royal Family wan a ted th an t is Commonwealth t Summit to be exceptionally high qu th q ality t . ty By hosting such a successfu f l event we have solidifi fu f ed our reputation with No. 10, the fi Foreign Off ffi ff fice and the Royal Household. – David Cope. Mayy T mperate House: thank you fr Te f om Marcus Agius, Chair, r Board of Tr r, T ustees fo f llowing the opening event. Last night, I was unbelievab a ly proud of Kew, ab w Kew’s people and our w, magnifi f cent Te fi T mp m erate House. As I walked among our guests, it was evident that the room was awash with goodwill. Every r one was astonished to have the beauty of the building so ry powerfu f lly exposed in the blessed evening light and, one aft fu f er the other, they expressed ft their recognition of the extraordinary achievement of the glorious restoration. I know I speak fo f r all the tru r stees when I say how gratefu ru f l I am to all those involved in the proj fu o ect oj – up u to and including a hugely successfu f l opening party. fu

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310 Richard Deverell: Last week we unveiled the rej e uvenated Temperate House aft ej f er its ft closure fo f r 5 years fo f r the most thorough restoration in its 155-year history. It is a remarkab a le and very ab r beautifu ry f l building. At more than 190 metres long it is twice the size fu of the Palm House. Grade 1 listed, it is the largest surviving Vi V ctorian glasshouse in the world. It is one of the architectu t ral highlights of Kew and integral to our UN tu U ESCO Wo W rld Heritage Site status. Designed by Decimus Burton, work commenced in 1859 with the central block and the two elegant octagons opening in 1863. It took nearly a fu f rther 40 years, and much more lobbying of Govern r ment, befo rn f re the north and south wings were fo completed in 1899. The ‘plinth’ of sand and gravel, on which it stands, was excavated f om the Kew site – creating the lake as a wonderfu fr f l by-product! This has been a fu remarkab a ly complex undertaking. It is seven years since planning commenced and more ab than 1,000 people have been involved. The total budget was £42 million making it 10 times bigger than any other proj o ect at Kew oj when it started. It has been completed on time and to the very r highest standards. I would ry love to say it was also on budget but guttering and windows (there are more than 400 of them) were fa f r more decayed than originally understood, resulting in an overspend of a out 15% on the original budget. We ab W are still fu f nd-raising and hope to close at least some of this gap a . ap Last week we had the BBC To T day Programme live fr f om the Te T mperate House fr f om 6am. Sky k News, BBC Breakfa ky f st and Al Jazeera were all broadcasting live through the day fr fa f om Kew. The Press and PR team ab a ly led by Ciara with great help fr f om Jo have done tru r ly ru heroic work. We W also had the fo f rmal opening to thank all those who made it possible. Sir David Attenborough was our guest of honour with a wonderfu f l array of guests attending fu – more than 600 in total. The Foundation organised this event, admirably led by Laura Coates. On Friday and Saturday evening we had ticketed gala receptions and on Saturday, at 8am, the doors opened fo f r our Friends with day paying guests accessing it fr f om 10am. I hope every r one ry at Kew, whether or not you have been personally involved, will take great pride in its comp m letion. It was a hugely amb mp m itious and comp mb m lex undert mp r aking. It requ rt q ired determ qu r ination rm and years of collab a orative working to deliver it. We ab W have restored one of the great assets of Kew Gardens and we have done so on time and to the very r highest standards. It is tru ry r ly ru magnifi f cent. fi June Mapping the oldest and most important trees in the UK. W lcome to the Ancient Tr We T ee Inventory ry, ry y, map a ping the oldest and most important trees in ap the UK. They are among the oldest organisms on the planet. They can live fo f r thousands of years. And there are more of them in the UK than many other European countries. Ye Yt most are not protected. Help protect our valuab a le tree heritage. Let us kn ab k ow if you see any ancient or old trees and put them on the map a . There are already 160,000 trees listed ap but there are thousands more to add. We W need your help to fi f nd them. Add a tree, search a tree, explore the UK’s ancient tree heritage with the map a plus you can view any trees ap you’ve added. http t s:// tp / ati.woodlandtru // r ru k k/ T ee gang on a rescue mission to the British Vi Tr V rgin Islands. The Tr T ee Gang travelled to the British Vi V rgin Islands in the Caribbean to undertake hurr r icane recovery rr r work in the ry JR O’Neal Botanic Garden and Govern r ment House on To rn T rtola. The British Vi V rgin Islands were devastated by the enormous category r 5 Hurr ry r icane Irma in rr September 2017. The impacts were severe on the main island of To T rtola. The JR O’Neal

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311 Botanic Garden on To T rtola was virtu t ally destroyed with many trees fe tu f lled and many left f ft in a dangerous condition. Equally badly hit was Govern r ment House, the site of the UK rn Govern r or’s off rn ffi ff fice and residence together with the Old Govern r ment House Museum and rn Gardens. The National Parks Trust of the Vi V rgin Islands who manage the JR O’Neal Botanic Garden are a long-term r partner with Kew and we are curr rm r ently work rr r ing with them rk and the BVI Govern r ment on a TIPA rn P s proj PA o ect and seed collecting programme. oj As part r of our post-hurr rt r icane recovery rr r sup ry u port up r fo rt f r the BVI we secured fu f nding fr f om Defr fa fr via JNCC to enable the Tree Gang to go to BVI fo f r 2 weeks to undertake a fu f ll risk assessment of the trees in both the botanic garden and in Government House. Having assessed the trees, the team are undertaking the ap a propriate remedial actions, fe f lling or pru r ning, and providing training fo ru f r the botanic garden staff f who are working alongside ff the team. The Tree Gang, Kevin Martin, Wil Harding, Thomas Fry and Seafr f a Oba-Smith are fr currently in fu f ll swing in the BVI and we hear that they are making great progress. All diplomatic niceties have been extended to them and they enj n oyed a welcome tea with the nj Governor and his wife f on Monday. The Governor, Gus Jaspert, tweeted “Delighted to fe welcome what I hereby name the Intern r ational Tr rn T ee Rescue Squad! Arb r orists fr rb f om Kew Gardens working with #BVI National Parks Tr Tru rust to give our storm shaken trees some much needed TLC. Thanks to all those who fu f nd their work.” Julyy Prince Charles visits Kew Gardens. On his second visit to Kew since becoming its patron, The Prince of Wa W les enj n oyed a private tour of the recently re-opened Te nj T mperate House on Thursday. He was delighted and fa f scinated by the quality of the restoration and thoroughly enj n oyed hearing a fe nj f w of the stories of the 1,500 plant species inside. He also visited Great Pagoda, which has been closed fo f r two years and reopened on Friday to the pub u lic fo ub f llowing its magnifi f cent restoration by our good fr fi f iends at Historic Royal Palaces. Prince Charles made it to the top – 253 steps! The restoration is absolutely stu t nning. I am sure many of you will have seen the glorious and exub tu u erant dragons (last ub seen on the Pagoda in 1784) but I would urge you to visit and step inside. HRP have done an amazing job in bringing the building alive and making a visit an inspiring and unexpected experience. It’s rath t er inspiring to accomp th m any Prince Charles on th mp t is sort r of visit. He is extr rt t emely good tr at engaging with every r one he meets and conveys a warmth and genuine curiosity in their ry contribution and thoughts ab a out the proj o ect. He is also remarkab oj a ly kn ab k owledgeab a le ab ab a out plants. Befo f re we had even entered the Temperate House he was asking if we had a fo particular critically endangered species within it. His commitment to plant conservation is hugely impressive. On his walk through the Te T mperate House, Prince Charles was particularly intrigued by rare species fr f om UK Te T rritories, in particular the Dombey e a mauritiana fr ey f om Mauritius, and the extinct St. Helena olive. He was keenly interested in the ‘loneliest plant in the world’, the Encep e halartos woodii cycad, the story of which Kew’s veteran glasshouse ep manager David Cooke explained, as well as how it was cared fo f r du d ring the restoration. The walk through the Afr f ica section of the glasshouse included an opportu fr t nity to learn tu r rn a out the fi ab f ve-year drought-resistant Enset plant which he was shown by Kew Scientist Tim Utteridge, who also explained th t e monumental task of comp m iling th mp t e Flora of Tr T opical East Afr f ica. fr

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312 Anoth t er highlight of th th t e visit was meeting some of th t e youn u g staff un f an ff a d ap a prentices work r ing rk in the Te T mperate House, Hannah Button, Corin Golding and Cheyenne Eastwood, who were tr t ained as part r of th rt t is historic proj o ect. HRH chatted with oj t th th t em ab a out th t eir work r caring rk f r some of the world’s rarest plants, and the incredible experience they’ve gained in this fo specialist fi f eld. HRH also met Kew’s Head of Interp r retation, Sharon Willoughby, rp y who y, created the panels within the glasshouse that teach visitors about the plants. The event concluded with a reception in a nearb r y marquee where he met several hundred guests and rb a group u of schoolchildren who are part of a Kew inspired community arts proj up o ect. oj In memory r of the occasion, Kew presented HRH with the gift ry f of an oriental beech tree, ft F gus orientalis, which was wild collected fr Fa f om a Kew expedition to the Caucasus in 2014 and chosen to add to his existing extensive collection at Highgrove. I was tremendously proud of the day – the Temperate House and Great Pagoda both looked stu t nning; we have a great partnership with HRP; and the many teams at Kew involved in tu organising and delivering the event did a brilliant job. As ever, the fo f llowing is terribly incomplete, but I would like to thank in particular the Foundation Events team with Laura Coates leading; the Extern r al Aff rn ffa ff fairs team – in particular Sarah Roberts and Liz We W st; and John Deer and the Constab a ulary ab r . It’s extremely imp ry m ortant these events ru mp r n smoothly – and it did. Thank you. – Richard Deverell August g 005 of a Millennium. Richard Barley, y Director of Horticultu y, t re writes, ‘It hit me with a tu jolt this week – I have been at Kew fo f r fi f ve years. We W (the three Barleys) arrived in the midst of persistent summer rain at Kew looking somewhat bedraggled fr f om our 23-hour journ r ey fr rn f om Australia, on 31 July 2013. My fi f rst day in the off ffi ff fice was August 5. How tempus has fu f git! While I ackn k owledge that fi kn f ve years is but a tick of the clock fo f r tru r ly ru long-serving staff ff, ff f, some of whose careers have spanned at least two centu t ries at Kew, tu w fo w, f r me it has been a signifi f cant period, and quite a milestone. fi At the minimum, I fe f el that I may now gradu d ate fr du f om being ‘the new boy’, though thereby losing the protections and excuses of ignorance that newness may have aff ffo ff forded me up u to t is point... In seriousness, it has been a very th r exciting, challenging and fu ry f lfi f lling fi fi f ve years. I have had the privilege of working with a wonderfu f lly inspiring team of people within fu our own Horticulture, Learning & Operations directorate, but also more broadly collaborating across the whole organization to achieve some truly outstanding and memorab a le things together. I fe ab f el very r proud of what we have collectively achieved within ry this fi f ve-year period. It has been busy, y and at times fa y, f st-paced (at other times fr fru rustratingly not!). I wish to thank every r colleague at Kew fo ry f r all of your contributions, challenges and sup u port over this halfup f decade, and I look fo ff rward to seeing what we can do together in the next compelling chap a ter. ap Oh, and by the way, y over this period the Barley fa y, f mily has thoroughly enj n oyed exploring nj this extraordinary island. We W have visited a myriad of historic and beautifu f l places, fu amazing houses, galleries and museums, been entertained by brilliant theatrical perfo f rmances, met genuinely fa fo f scinating people, and (as I realised recently) spent time in every English county except Norfo f lk! There is no valid reason fo fo f r excluding Norfo f lk, fo though the consensus fr f om workmates and others (including Noël̈ Coward) seems to be that it is fl f at... We W will go there shortly to confi f rm. Thank you all.’ fi Zac Goldsmith, MP fo f r Richmond Park and government Champion fo f r the Illegal Wildlife f Trade confe fe f rence, visited Kew Gardens recently to hear about our work on fe rare and illegally traded plants and the importance of plants being fu f lly represented at the intern r ational confe rn f rence this October in London. fe

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313 While tackling illegal wildlife f trade generally fo fe f cuses on the animal kingdom – elephants, rhinos and tigers in particular – illegal trade of plant material is a huge issue. The illegal trade of rosewood timber represents ab a out 35% of the total illegal trade in wildlife f and in fe the last ten years the number of tree species regulated under CITES has increased dramatically. There’s also widespread illegal trade in orchids and cacti. As the designated UK Scientifi fc fi Authority fo f r CITES (Convention on International Tr T ade in Endangered Species) RBG Kew plays a vital role in this area, providing scientifi f c advice on CITES policy to Defr fi fa fr and enfo f rcement agencies, identify fo f ing, holding and disposing of seized plant material and fy carry r ing out research into plants aff ry ffe ff fected by intern r ational trade. rn Zac met Kew scientists Clive Hayter, Sonia Dhanda and Bente Klitgard fo f r an overview of what we do on CITES and illegal trade, with fa f cts and fi f gures on seizures derived fr f om our State of the Wo W rld’s Plants data, and heard about some Science proj o ects related to oj illegal trade, including work we’re doing on rosewood. September p Chihuly at Kew: Refl f ections on Nature’s off fl ffi ff ficial: celebrated contemporary r glass artist ry Dale Chihuly will again bring his work to Kew Gardens, in a maj a or exhibition opening aj next April. The exhibition of 32 unique art installations will be situated right across the Gardens. Entering through Vi V ctoria Gate, visitors will see Sap a phire Star, the individu ap d al blown glass du f rms of which will radiate outward to create a celestial visual experience. The vibrant fo blue colour of Sap a phire Star is highly concentr ap t ated at th tr t e centr t e, where th tr t e individu d al glass du elements meet and become increasingly opaqu q e. The installation’s translucent, achromatic qu tips refl f ect light and add to its intense radiance. The Shirley Sherw fl r ood Gallery rw r of Botanical ry Art will host 12 bodies of work developed over 40 years, as well as a fi f lm detailing Chihuly’s creative process. V sitors to the gallery Vi r will experience the expressive lines and ab ry a stract fo f rms of Chihuly’s drawings, as well as the Rotolo series – the most technically challenging work Chihuly and his team have ever created, and Seafo f rms, delicate undulating fo fo f rms that conj n ure nj underw r ater life rw f , among others. Other locations include the Wa fe W terlily House and the Palm House lake while the Te T mperate House will be home to a brand new, w specially designed w, sculptu t re, inspired by the cathedral like space, as well as nine other installations. A series tu of Chihuly Nights, ru r nning fr f om mid-August to October, will off ffe ff fer visitors th t e opport rtu rt tunity t ty to see the artwork in a diff ffe ff ferent light, and admire the illuminated sculptures as the sun sets. There will also be an a interactive tr t ail designed fo f r fa f milies an a d fa f mily activities du dur uring the Easter, May half term and summer holidays, that will refl f ect on the science behind the fl beauty of our amazing plant collection. Seattle-based iconic art r ist Dale Chihuly’s work rt r has been exhibited in 240 mu rk m seums around the world over his 50-year career. As well as glass, Chihuly uses paint, charcoal, grap a hite, ap neon, ice, and Polyvitro to explore possibilities and realise his vision. He is known fo f r revolutionising the Stu t dio Glass movement and elevating perceptions of glass. Chihuly is tu renowned fo f r his ambitious architectu t ral installations around the world, in historic cities, tu museums and gardens. His work is included in more than 200 museum collections worldwide including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian American Art Museum and the Corn r ing Museum of Glass. Dale Chihuly said: ‘I am honoured to bring rn my work r once again to Kew, rk w with its magnifi w, f cent landscap fi a e and extraordinary ap r glasshouses ry – stru r ctu ru t res which have always cap tu a tivated me. How do you describe a beautifu ap f l building fu

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314 like the Palm House or the Te T mperate House? We W are planning something special fo f r the centre of the newly-restored Te T mperate House and I’m excited to see it come to fr fru ruition.’ T ny Kirkham clocks up fo To f rty years at Kew. w To w. T day To T ny Kirkham is marking his 40th anniversary r of working at RBG Kew, ry w arriving here as a diploma stu w, t dent in 1978. This is tu an impressive achievement and one that marks a deep and endu d ring commitment to our du organisation. To T me, To T ny embodies many of the best attributes that distinguish Kew people. He has acquired a deep kn k owledge of his sub ubj ub bject over years of stu t dy and practical tu a plication. This kn ap k owledge is matched only by his great passion fo f r his work; he radiates love fo f r trees and fo f r Kew Gardens. He fr f eely shares his expert r ise through fo rt f rm r al teaching but also in his day to day interactions with the staff ff, ff f, stu t dents and volunteers at Kew and tu our visitors. He is a wonderfu f l ambassador and advocate fo fu f r Kew, both nationally and globally. He communicates brilliantly, usually through stories, giving individual biographies of the trees he loves. He works tirelessly, y including, when needed, evenings and weekends, to y, promote Kew and to fu f ndraise fo f r Kew. He is ambitious fo f r our organisation and believes, as I do, that Kew should always strive fo f r excellence. He has an open, collaborative manner, is always willing to try r something new and nearly always has a smile on his fa ry f ce. For me personally he has always been a wonderfu f lly sup fu u portive colleague whom I can up rely up u on to be direct and honest with me ab a out both things that are working, and those that are not. I value this tremendously. For all these reasons To T ny is hugely respected within RBG Kew and beyond. Many congratu t lations To tu T ny on this special day. Yo Y u are a great colleague and I hope you will still be striding the grounds with Jet 40 years hence! – Richard Deverell October Brexit. I am sure many of you, like me, are watching the news on Brexit closely as we move towards the EU withdrawal date of 29 March 2019 and remain concern r ed as to the rn current levels of uncertainty as to what Brexit will mean fo f r all of us. At the time of the refe f rendu fe d m, we released a pub du u lic statement and the sentiments in that ub statement remain very r much tru ry r e today: ru - Kew has always been, and will always be, an outward looking and welcoming organisation. - Many staff ff, ff f, volunteers and partners are fr f om EU countries beyond the UK and many other countries around the world: you are valued colleagues and fr f iends. - This remains an unsettling and uncertain time fo f r many of us, but Kew is a stronger organisation than it has been in recent history r and we are confi ry f dent ab fi a out our success into the fu f tu t re. I am continuing to work with the Executive Board on Brexit risks including fo f llowing up u any concern r s fo rn f r our people. We W are closely monitoring the situ t ation and will deal with tu impacts as things becomes clearer. We W will be doing some planning over coming months on a possible no deal scenario, what that could mean to Kew and any contingency plans we might want to put in place. We W are also considering the no deal notices which the Govern r ment ar rn a e now issuing where relevan a t to Kew, an w an w, a d up u dates fr f om Defr f a. This includes fr the recent notifi f cation on the imp fi m ort mp rt/ rt t/export r of plants if there is no deal which we will work rt r rk through and look at any action required. I will up u date you all on a regular basis over the next six months and as the situ t ation becomes clearer. – Fern tu r Stoner. rn Profe f ssor Alex Antonelli appointed Director of Science. Alex is currently Profe fe f ssor in fe

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315 systematics and biodiversity, and the Director of the Gothenburg Global Biodiversity Centre, at the University of Gothenburg. He is also the Scientifi f c Curator of the fi Gothenburg Botanical Garden. His research specialism is the evolution and distribution of biodiversity, y in particular the role of both biotic and ab y, a iotic fo f rces in driving diversity. He has a part r icular interest in tr rt t opical ecosystems, especially th t ose of South t America. Alex th has an extremely impressive track record in high-impact publications. This is based, in part, on extensive fi f eld research. He runs his own inter-disciplinary research group at Gothenburg. He recently completed a 6-month sab a batical at Harvard. ab Alex will oversee the delivery r of the current Science Strategy and, with the team at Kew, ry w w, shap a e the strategy fo ap f r the next 5 year period (2020-25). He will lead our maj a or proj aj o ects in oj Science including the refu f rb fu r ishment and extension of the Herb r arium and our desire to rb grow our post-graduate student community. I also hope Alex will draw outstanding scientists to Kew fr f om around the world: as he said in his presentation, ‘great science requires great scientists’. That is ab a solutely tru r e – attracting brilliant people to Kew will ru continue to be a priority. Finally, y Alex will look to the cultu y, t re of Kew Science, ensuring tu every r one has an acceptab ry a le work-life ab f balance and fi fe f nds joy in their work, and fe f els fu f lly sup u ported in their scientifi up f c curiosity and endeavours. Above all, I kn fi k ow he will ensure we maintain our ambition to deliver scientifi f c excellence. Alex will play a tremendously fi important role at Kew in the coming years. I am personally hugely optimistic regarding the potential fo f r Kew’s science in the coming decade under Alex’s leadership. Please join me in welcoming him to RBG Kew when he starts early next year. – Richard Deverell November Remembrance and Hope: memorial bench unveiled at Kew. w A new bench, craft w. f ed fr ft f om Kew’s Ve V rdun Oak, commemorating Kew staff f who fe ff f ll in the First Wo W rld Wa W r was unveiled last week at Kew Gardens, three days befo f re the centenary fo r of the Armistice on ry Sunday 11 November. The proj o ect was initiated by To oj T ny Kirkham, inspired by the loss of one of our most treasured trees, the Ve V rdu d n Oak, in a 2013 storm. To du T ny also planted a new tree graft f ed fr ft f om the oak at the ceremony. Guests at the ceremony included representatives of the Wa W r Graves Commission and Simon Burvill of Gaze Burvill who craft f ed the ft bench.The Ve V rdun Oak was one of two planted at Kew Gardens, grown fr f om acorns gathered fr f om the battlefi f eld. The Ve fi V rdun Bench unveiled in 2016 was made fr f om the same fa f llen oak tree. Creating the new bench involved milling and dry r ing the timber and ry the painstaking hewing of oak boards befo f re being tu fo t rn r ed into the new monumental seat. Kew remembrance wreath laid at Cenotaph. Kew’s customary r remembrance wreath, ry including a plant fr f om each of Britain’s overseas terr r itories, was sent to the Foreign Off rr ffi ff fice to be laid at the Cenotap a h on Remembrance Sunday. The wreath was the only one laid at ap the Cenotap a h made fr ap f om living plants and fl f owers. A second wreath was also laid at Kew’s own memorial, commemorating members of the Kew Guild and staff f who fe ff f ll in both W rld Wa Wo W rs, on the north-eastern r side of Vi rn V ctoria Plaza where visitors and staff f can place ff their poppies in remembrance. Created by Carlos Magdalena, who has been making the wreath each year since 2006, and Alice Ta T ylor, the wreath includes at least one plant fr f om each of the fo f urteen overseas territories. There is no set design or pattern: each year’s wreath is diff ffe ff ferent depending on what plants are in fl f ower. Some of the plants, such as the Ascension Island Fern, are unique to that territory. Other plants in this year’s wreath include Hooker’s Anth t urium fr th f om Montserr r at, Cayman Islands Sage, Berm rr rmu rm muda snowberr rry rr ry, y, and St Helena ebony. V siting the Eden Project. A small delegation fr Vi f om RBG Kew visited the Eden Proj o ect oj in Corn r wall recently to learn rn r more ab rn a out Eden’s work r and to build relations with rk t th th t e senior team there, including exploring some potential collaborative proj o ects. The Kew team oj

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316 consisted of To T ny Sweeney, y Lorraine Lecourtois, Fern y, r Stoner, Sandra Botterell and me. If rn you have not visited Eden, I would recommend it highly. Opened in 2002 it is an 80hectare site in what was once an abandoned china clay pit. They have built two huge ‘biomes’ – tropical rainfo f rest and Mediterranean which are surrounded by a series of fo gardens. Our hosts at Eden were Gordon Seabright, the Proj o ect Director who joined in oj 2014 and Dr Mike Maunder, Director of Life f Sciences, who joined in 2016. Some of you fe might kn k ow Mike as he spent 12 years working fo f r RBG Kew at both Wa W kehurst and Kew Gardens. – Richard Deverell December Christmas at Kew. At Kew Gardens, Christmas at Kew is now in its sixth year. From memory r I think we had 120,000 visitors in our fi ry f rst year. I hope (if the weather is kind to us) we will reach 270,000 visitors this year. That’s about 96% of total capacity – a remarkab a le achievement. This year’s trail is, I think, more sub ab u tle and more diverse than ub previous years. I also ap a preciate the eff ffo ff forts made to ensure the Gardens look smart fo f r the daytime visitor. The fe f edback fo f r both Glow Wild and Christmas at Kew has been unifo f rmly positive – and mostly absolutely glowing. Indeed, one of the very fe fo f w complaints we get is that slots are sold out and people are fr fru rustrated they can’t attend. – Richard Deverell Record breaking We W ek fo f r Kew Retail! Kew Retail had its biggest week EVER last week, taking £230,000 compared to £185,000 in the same week last year. Many thanks to all staff f & volunteers who shopped with us last week and contributed to this outstanding ff result! Sales are on the increase on line too. We W received 1500 orders last week which is double the number received this time last year. Yo Y ur support is really appreciated, and every r penny of profi ry f ts goes to sup fi u port RBG Kew work. up

An update fo f r the Kew Guild provided by Director Richard Deverell Kew Guild 2018: Director’s Foreword. 2018 has been another busy year fo f r Kew and I am extremely proud of what has been achieved this year. Our fi f rst maj a or event of the year was the annual Orchids Festival which this year was held aj f om 9 Febru fr r ary ru r to 10 March. This was the 23rd Orchids Festival and the theme was a ry celebration of the exotic fl f ora and colourfu f l cultu fu t re of Thailand. The guest of honour at tu the evening reception was Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn r , the sister of the Thai King rn and a long-term fr f iend of RBG Kew. The event was organised in collab a oration with the ab Thai Emb m assy in London and was also attended by HRH Princess Alexandr mb d a who has been dr involved with t Kew fo th f r man a y decades an an a d has been a par art ar rticular a sup ar u port up r er of th rt t e Kew Guild. In March Kew pub u lished its fi ub f rst ever Science Collections Strategy, y setting out our vision y, f r managing and developing our vast and diverse collections over the next decade and fo beyond to ensure that they remain relevant and accessible. Kew’s Science Collections represent a global research resource with the potential to provide solutions to some of the critical challenges fa f cing humanity today and I would encourage you all to read the Strategy, y availab y, a le on Kew’s website. ab In April Kew welcomed 35 spouses and partners of the 53 Commonwealth Heads of Govern r ment (CHOG) as part of our contribution to sup rn u port the biennial Commonwealth up Summit hosted by the UK in 2018. The centrepiece of the visit was an exhibition in the Orangery r showcasing the ways that diff ry ffe ff ferent teams across Kew engage with some of the

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K w ©RBG Ke


Commonwealth Nations around the world. The Countess of We W ssex planted a Copper Beech tr t ee in fr f ont of Kew Palace to commemorate the visit. The tree was dedicated to the Queen’s Commonwealth Canopy initiative which was launched at the CHOG meeting in Malta in 2015 to unite the Commonwealth fa f mily and save one of the world’s most important natural habitats by creating a pan-Commonwealth network of fo f rest conservation proj o ects. oj

In May we celebrated the reopening of the Te T mperate House aft f er completion of a fi ft f ve-year restoration of the largest V ctorian glasshouse in the world. The result is a tru Vi r ly magnifi ru f cent building restored to its fi f rmer glory and updated to improve lighting and ventilation fo fo f r the 10,000 temperate plants it houses. It was very r pleasing to see our eff ry ffo ff forts recognised as the Te T mperate House was awarded Best UK New National Tr T easure at the 2018 National Geograp a hic Tr ap T aveller magazine reader awards. The re-opening of the Great Pagoda fo f llowed in July aft f er an extensive restoration by ft Historic Royal Palaces to return this iconic building to its original Georgian splendour. W were delighted that our Patron HRH Prince of Wa We W les was ab a le to attend the off ffi ff ficial reopening on 13th July. On the same day HRH also enj n oyed a private tour of the newly nj restored Te T mperate House and was intrigued by the stories about some of the rare and endangered species curated within it. The day concluded with a reception and HRH was presented with an oriental beech tree, Fa F gus orientalis i collected fr is f om a Kew expedition to Caucasus in 2014, to add to his collection at Highgrove. On the weekend of 21st and 22nd July we held our fo f urth Science Festival at Wa W kehurst. This event was launched in 2016 and this was the second time it was held at Wa W kehurst. The fe f stival was an outstanding demonstration of the breadth and depth of Kew Science with a myriad of activities fo f r visitors to participate in, including plant DNA extraction, wild seed collecting and x-raying and making a herb r arium sheet. It was really inspiring to rb see our scientists engaging directly with visitors, especially children, vividly bringing to life f the work they fe do and why it matters.

©RBG Kew

W were particularly proud We that our Kew Gin picked up three medals at the 2018 International Wine & Sprit awards also held in July. Kew’s Explorers’ Strength Gin took a gold medal in the Gin & T nic category while our To organic gin, horseradish vodka and triple sec also picked up awards.

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©RBG Kew


More recognition fo f llowed in the fo f rm of t e Council on Botanical and Hort th r icultu rt t ral tu Libraries 2018 Aw A ard of Excellence in Plant Identifi f cation and Field-Guides fo fi f r an identifi f cation guide on Chinese fi Medicinal Plants, Herbal Drugs and Sub u stitu ub t tes by Chris Leon and Lin Yu tu Y -Lin.

In September Kew won 1st prize at the 2018 European Garden Heritage Network awards fo f r historic parks and gardens that have been subj b ect to exemplary bj restoration, enhancement or development. And in November the Temperate House was acclaimed the Best UK New National T easure at the 2018 National Geograp Tr a hic Tr ap T aveller magazine reader awards. All of these awards are a tremendous vote of confi f dence in Kew’s achievements. fi The fi f rst Annual State of the Wo W rld’s Fungi (SOTWF) report was pub u lished in September. ub The report and associated symposium on 13th and 14th September generated widespread media interest both nationally and intern r ationally. The key message fr rn f om the report and symposium is that we are only just beginning to understand this incredible kingdom and need to continu n e to promote th nu t e imp m ort mp r ance of mycological research to unlock th rt t e potential of these incredibly important organisms. Profe f ssor Kathy Wi fe W llis left f RBG Kew fo ft f llowing the SOTWF symposium to take up u the role of Principal at St Edmund Hall, at Oxfo f rd University having completed her fi fo f ve-year secondment to Kew. Kathy was a tireless advocate and ambassador fo f r Kew both nationally and international and made a huge contribution to the quality and impact of Kew Science. Her achievements in communicating scientifi f c ideas were recognised with fi the award of the Michael Faraday prize in 2015 and a CBE in the 2018 Honours List. I am pleased to announce that we have recently ap a pointed Profe f ssor Alex Antonelli as our new fe Director of Science. Alex was fo f rmerly Director of the Gothenburg Global Biodiversity Centre and took up u post in Febru r ary ru r 2019. ry W were very proud to announce in October that the recipient of the 2018 Kew We International Medal is Mary Robinson. The medal is awarded to individuals fo f r distinguished, internationally-recognised work aligned with the mission of RBG Kew. Through her Foundation, Mary has achieved transfo f rmational change to build climate fo resilience and fo f od security in communities at risk across the world. The award will be presented on 26 March 2019 in London when Mary r will give a lectu ry t re on climate justice tu and biodiversity. As the end of 2018 approached we witnessed the completion of groundworks and landscap a ing fo ap f r the reinvention of the Wi W nter Garden at Wa W kehurst which was off ffi ff ficially opened in January r 2019. In its original fo ry f rm it was one of the fi f rst of many such Wi W nter Gardens in Britain and is another signifi f cant milestone in the rej fi e uvenation of Wa ej W kehurst’s 30-year old landscap a e. ap The new Arb r oretu rb t m Nursery tu r completed in December marking the fi ry f rst milestone in our long-term r cap rm a ital development programme, fu ap f nding fo f r which was provided by our parent depart rtm rt tment DEFRA R . During th RA t e year we continu n ed to progress our amb nu m itious imp mb m rovement mp plans which in the short term are fo f cussed on developing the Family Landscap a e at Kew ap Gardens with the opening of the Children’s Garden schedu d led fo du f r April 2019 and plans being developed fo f r a new Family café f and retail outlet. Wo fé W rk also continued on the

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319 replacement fo f r the old Pavilion restaurant adj d acent to the Temperate House which is dj schedu d led to open in May 2019. du Our annual Christmas lights fe f stival, now in its sixth year, was more popular than ever in 2018, with 282,000 visitors joining us to celebrate the fe f stive season. Feedback fr f om visitors was extraordinary with many commenting that it was an unfo f rgettable fa fo f mily experience. December is now our busiest month of the year fo f r visitors at both Kew and W kehurst. Almost 2.2 million people visited either Kew Gardens or Wa Wa W kehurst du d ring 2018, just ahead of the total of 2.1 million fo f r the previous year. The continued success of our commercial events and visitor off ffe ff fer refl f ects the dedication and commitment of our fl staff f and commercial partners and I extend my sincere thanks to all of them. 2018 was an ff excellent year fo f r Kew and I look fo f rward to 2019 our 260th anniversary r year, and the ry new successes it will bring. ©RBG Ke K w

2018: A Review of the Wa W kehurst Ye Y ar by Ed Ikin (Head of Landscap a e & Horticultu ap t re) tu

W kehurst wetlands The Boardwalk Wa

Rarely was the weather on our side in 2018: fr f om the deep fr f eeze of late Febru r ary ru r ry and early March to relentless rain in April and the brutal eight-week drought in July and August, it’s been a year of battling the elements.

The drought challenged horticultural conventions and it was unsettling to see established trees suff ffe ff fering f om water stress; keeping fr our plants alive was our only summer priority. Soft f er ft conditions eventually arrived in September, but the reservoir remains lower than we’d like. Some plants thrived in 2018: there was a brief, f f, glorious moment of concert r ed fl rt f owering in May ay, ay y, where plants held back by the cold spring fl f ourished alongside early summer perfo f rmers, set within fo richly fl f oristic meadows. Later in the summer, there were exciting surprises f om trees used to hot fr summers, including a f owering Fr fl F ankl k inia and a kl spectacular display fr f om our Em E menop o tery op rys ry ys henry r i. ry

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320 Whilst the heat of the summer kept some people away, y it’s been another strong year fo y, f r visitors overall, with over 300,000 visits across the calendar year. Th T e Sc S ience Fe F stival at W kehurst was a huge success, showcasing the diversity and global impact of Kew Wa Science’s work r and attr rk t acting new au tr a diences to Wa W kehurst and th t e Millennium Seed Bank. Our Easter partnership with Peter Rab a bit ensured huge crowds fr ab f om Good Friday to Bank Holiday Monday, nobly braving the rain. Glow Wild, our wonderfu f l, soulfu fu f l lantern fu f stival continu fe n es to grow an nu a d expan a ded to 16 nights in 2018, with an t all 58,000 tickets selling th out. Despite a couple of torrentially wet nights, it was a great success, with glowing f edb fe d ack on social media and no incidents to report. db 2018 was a year of renewal in the landscape with new paths constructed through our temperate woodlands in Bethlehem Wo W od and We W stwood Va V lley. It was a challenge to manage maj a or constru aj r ction work and paths were closed fo ru f r longer than we’d like, but the result was a huge improvement, making Wa W kehurst more accessible in any conditions. The crowing glory of this programme was a brand-new boardwalk, snaking sinuously through the We W tlands. A bespoke creation, hand cut fr f om kiln-dried oak, it embodies every r thing special ab ry a out Wa W kehurst and gives our visitors a new perspective on one of our wildest spaces. The renewal continued in the Winter Garden, with the site cleared and a new design, created by Garden Sup u ervisor Francis Annette, installed in the fi up f rst half of the year. Bold, rhythmic and designed to stir the soul and stimulate the senses, the Wi W nter Garden has generated signifi f cant pub fi u licity ub t fo ty f r Wa W kehurst and it’s been delightfu f l to see th fu t e mainstr t eam tr press talking ab a out the value of gardens and horticultu t re. The new design contains 33,000 tu plants, including 35 mature Betula and Pru r nus trees and it’s remarkable to think of the ru summer they endu d red as we look across an already beautifu du f l and estab fu a lished garden. ab Finally, y it was a pleasure to host the Kew Guild AGM in September. I took a large group y, u up of notab a le Guild members around Wa ab W kehurst, sharing current developments and looking ahead to the fu f ture. It was a delightfu f l tour and a pleasure to draw upon the group’s fu extensive kn k owledge and experience of Wa W kehurst.

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Wakehurst Place Weather: Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days: Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

!"#$%&'()*+,"-$*!$")%$'*./01* January 2018

Wakehurst Place Weather:

February 2018

96.6 mm 12.2 mm on 2nd 6

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

54.8 mm 12.7 mm on 14th 6

12.3 o C on 4th 5 o C on 8th 9.3 o C on 29th 0.4 o C on 19th & 27th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

12.3o C on 17th 0.6o C on 28th 6.9o C on 20th -6.6o C on 28th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 11 Windiest day date: 14th Direction: S.E Wind speed: 26 MPH

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 24th Direction: S.S.W. Wind speed: 29 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: March 2018

Wakehurst Place Weather:

April 2018

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

106.1 mm 15.4 mm on 14th 4

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

83.5 mm 15.2 mm on 2nd 11

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

17.4 o C on 11th 0.0 o C on 1st 8.1o C on 12th -5.0o C on 1st

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

30.9 o C on 19th 8.4 o C on 29th 14.1 o C on 19th 3.7 o C on 1st

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 7 Windiest day date: 20th Direction: N.N.E Wind speed: 24 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: May 2018

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date:30th Direction: N.N.E Wind speed: 24 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: June 2018

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

49.7 mm 10.9 mm on the 29th 20

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

1.4 mm 0.5 mm on the 7th &14th 24

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

31.5o C on the 7th 14.4o C on 1st 15.9o C on 27th 2.3o C on 1st

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

32.6 o C on the 25th 18.3o C on the 17th 16.0o C on the 19th 8.4o C on the 13th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date:1st&16th Direction:S.W & N Wind speed:20MPH

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 29th Direction: N.N.E Wind speed: 18 MPH

Wakehurst Place Weather:

July 2018

Wakehurst Place Weather:

August 2018

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

44.6 mm 24.5 mm on 29th 27

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

72.6 mm 22.5 mm on the 26th 18

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

36.4o C on the 26th 18.3o C on the 29th 19.6o C on the 27th 12.4o C on the 17th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

34.1o C on the 3rd 17.2o C on the 26th 19.2o C on the 4th 6.7o C on the 25th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 30th Direction: S.S.W Wind speed: 21 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: September 2018

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 11th Direction: S. Wind speed: 18 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: October 2018

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

34.5 mm 17.3 mm on the 22nd 21

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

41.6 mm 17.8 mm on 14th 19

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

27o C on the 2nd & 3rd 14.2o C on the 22nd 16.4o C on the 19 & 20 5.3o C on the 24th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

25.9 o C on 10th 8.4 o C on 27th 16.9 o C on 13th 1.3 o C on 27th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 20th&21st Direction: S.S.W & W.S.W Wind speed: 23 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: November 2018

Wakehurst Place Weather:

December 2018

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

159.7 mm 23.9 mm on 10th 7

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

115.0 mm 20.0 mm on 18th 8

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

17.8 o C on 5th 4.2 o C on 20th 10.5 o C on 6th & 7th 0.4 o C on 21st

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

13.2 o C on 2nd 4.6 o C on 14th 10.7 o C on 10.7 3rd & 7th -1.3 o C on 14th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 29th Direction: SSE Wind speed: 24 MPH

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 7th Direction: NNW Wind speed:27 MPH

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 1 Windiest day date:19th Direction: S Wind speed: 30 MPH

W kehurst Data kindly provided by Carol Hart, who records the details at Wa

rt rs k hurs W ke w Wa K w, ©RBG Ke

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Kew Guild Medal Recipient Martin Duncan by Jean Griff ffi ff fin

Martin Duncan was born r and brought up rn u in Zimbab a we where his fa ab f ther was a doctor and his mother a teacher. His national service was spent with the National Parks Service, Zimbab a we, where his fi ab f rst interest and love of fl f ora and fa f una started. He left f Afr ft f ica to stu fr t dy horticultu tu t re at Greenmount College in Northern tu r Ireland. Having rn completed his stu t dies he retu tu t rn tu r ed to Zimbab a we and worked as an advisor on horticultu ab t ral tu crops, including tea and coff ffe ff fee. He left f Afr ft f ica to develop his career in horticulture and fr management by fi f nishing his stu t dies at th tu t e We W lsh College of Hort r icultu rt t re with tu t an emp th m hasis mp on landscap a e design. ap Aft f er working as a Head Gardener at a private London garden he was off ft ffe ff fered the post as Head Gardener to the late King Hussein and Queen Noor of Jordan at their private palace in Jordan, and was later promoted to Landscap a e Designer fo ap f r the Royal Court working on a number of garden proj o ects. On returning with his wife oj f and young son to the UK he fe worked as the Head Gardener fo f r English Heritage at Audley End House and Gardens, a Grade 1 listed site in Essex. Wi W th t his team of gardeners, contr t actors and volunteers ensured tr that the garden landscap a e was maintained and restored fo ap f llowing a fi f ve-year renewab a le ab management plan. Martin was commissioned to consult on a garden restoration proj o ect at oj a château in France. Martin was given the wonderfu f l opportu fu t nity to work in Bermuda as tu the Senior Superintendent fo f r the Department of Parks where he was responsible fo f r overseeing the Botanical Gardens, Govern r ment House Gardens (home of the Govern rn r or of rn Bermuda) along with the island’s national parks. His team carried out numerous proj o ects oj throughout the island, one of which resulted in being given a Bermuda National Trust award fo f r planting up u an island with native and endemic trees and plants to fo f rm a new conservation area. On retu t rn tu r ing to the UK he worked as a Head Gardener fo f r a private fa f mily in Hampshire where the gardens and estate were being restored. In 2009 Martin took up u the fa f ntastic opportu t nity of heading up tu u the gardens at Aru r ndel Castle, which have undergone a great ru deal of change over the past six years. Martin writes a garden article fo f r the We W st Sussex on a fo f rtnightly basis, has also been on BBC Radio Sussex and Surrey, y and at the South y, of England Spring show fo f r ‘Gardeners Question Time’. Over several years r I have watched the gard rs r ens at Arundel Ca rd C stle ex exp xpand under the leade d rs de r hip i of ip o Ma M rtin Duncan. He H is i an insp s irational character, sp r passionate about plants r, t ts and th t e ga g rd rde dens he tends d . Hi ds His is sta taf ta aff ff re res esp spect him and th t ere ref re efo fore r work r well unde rk d r his de i guida is d nce. da M rtin is Ma i ke k en to pro r vide ro d op de opp pportunities fo f r young peop o le and encourages volunteers op r of rs o all ages.

W sp spiders at Kew Wa by Sandra Bell

It is widely believed that our warming climate is infl f uencing the distribution of the UK’s fl f ora and fa fl f una benefi f tting some species, whilst being detrimental to others. One fi benefi f ciary is the magnifi fi f cent Wa fi W sp spider, Arg r iop rg o e bruennichi. Like most invertebrate op would-be colonisers fr f om Europe the Wa W sp spider fi f rst estab a lished itself in Britain on the ab South coast. The fi f rst record was made near Ry R e, East Sussex in 1922 where it estab a lished ab a toehold and fo f r over 50 years remained quite localised along the coastline, yet once it began to spread northwards in the 1990s it did so rap a idly. The fi ap f rst London record was in 2002 and over th t e next 10 years th t e Wa W sp spider reached Derb r yshire over 100 miles fu rb f rt rth ther

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323 north. The most obvious trigger fo f r its rapid northward expansion is climate change. A fu f lly-grown fe f male Arg r iop rg o e bruennichi is one op of our largest and most spectacular spiders. The newly-hatched spring spiderlings may start the season very r tiny and the males remain only a fe ry f w millimetres long but by the end of summer a f male may be as much as two centimetres fr fe f om her head to the tip of her ab a domen whilst her legs may span as much as fi f ve centimetres. Aft f er the ft last moult her legs are brightly banded in black, amber and yellow. Her ab a domen is also striped in white, grey, y black and yellow and yet the Wa y, W sp spider can be surp r risingly diff rp ffi ff ficult to spot as she straddles her orb r web, head downwards waiting fo rb f r prey. The stripes make fo f r very r ry eff ffe ff fective camoufl f age among the light and shadows of the intertwined stems of tall grass fl amongst which the web is spun. All kinds of grassland invert r ebrates are eaten aft rt f er cap ft a tu ap t re in the Wa W sp spider’s web with grasshoppers being one of the commonest prey. In years when fo f od is ab a undant and fu f ll-size is achieved each fe f male spins a densely-woven egg sac, larger than her own body, y in the shap y, a e of a Grecian urn ap r , low down among the plants. rn This will survive the winter weather long aft f er the parents have died. ft At Kew the fi f rst Wa W sp spider recorded was a fe f male with her egg sac in late September 2004. She was fo f und by contractor Ian Sturgess, while he was maintaining the Colour Palette, a temporary r fl ry f oral display, y close to the Broad Wa y, W lk. Wa W sp spiders evidently fo f und this to their liking as Ian fo f und them there in 2005 and 2006 as well. Since then single specimens have been fo f und in long grass close to Elizab a eth Gate, near Queen Charlotte’s ab Cottage and in the Ancient Meadow closest to Isleworth Gate but their undoubted str t onghold has become th tr t e new meadow surr r ounding th rr t e Quarantine House. This provides a warm sheltered microclimate, a low level of disturb r ance, fo rb f od of all sizes especially grasshoppers and, since it is out of the pub u lic eye mowing can be tailored to their needs. ub The grass is cut by scythe in October and the long stalks of cut grass, which may include the egg sacs, loosely raked into heaps on site which allows maximum hatching the f llowing spring and is also good fo fo f r a wide range of wildlife f . In the summer of 2017 over fe 20 large fe f males were easily seen in the meadow and most produ d ced egg sacs. In 2018 du t ere were at least a dozen fe th f males present but most remained below breeding size possibly because the grass became so dry r du ry d ring the long, hot drought that grasshoppers and other invertebrate prey were unab a le to grow either and fo ab f od was scarce. Their sup u erb up r camoufl rb f age and prefe fl f rence fo fe f r undistu t rb tu r ed areas almost certainly result in under-recording both at Kew and other fa f voured sites. There is little doub u t that over the ub last 15 years Wa W sp spiders have gone fr f om being pioneering newcomers to established Kew residents.

Book review fo f r Kew Guild Journal - Shades of Green by David Cutler

S ade Sh d s of de o Gre r en - My re M lif ife if fe as th t e Na N tional Tr T ust’s He H ad of o Gard rde rd dens Neg Ne egotiating change - care r , re re rep epair, r re r, r newal By John Sales. U ICORN UN R , 2018. 328 pages; profu RN f sely illustrated. £25. fu What a pleasure it is to read and recommend such an excellent book by one of Kew’s f rmer Student Gardeners! Befo fo f re you visit one of the fi fo f ft f y National Trust gardens

1. Events of 2018 JOURNAL - DRAFT.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 24/04/2019 21:30 Page 73

324 included, you would be well advised to dip into this scholarly and entertaining work. It is well produ d ced and is illustrated with numerous high quality colour photograp du a hs and some ap historic images in black and white. The real delight is in seeing the signifi f cance of the fi history r of each garden, an ry a d why it looks as it does now. The joys of fi f nding an a d recognising lost or hidden plant treasures add to the interest; it is the sort of book that keen horticultu t rists will love. tu John Sales was appointed by the National Trust in 1971, fi f rst as gardens adviser, later becoming Head of Gardens. He describes his background and learning curve, his involvement in conservation planning, encounters with donors, the impact of the fa f mous great storm on some properties, and restoration work. In 1971 the Tr Tru rust was getting to grips with the wide range of gardens and landscap a e parks ap it had acquired, and was becoming responsible fo f r more and more. Then as now there was a continuous stru r ggle to release or fi ru f nd adequate fu f nding to sup u port the necessary up r work. ry W can read how over the years John had the delicate job of encouraging both the previous We donors (some of whom remained in residence) and the Tr Tru rust itself to retain, conserve and in many cases restore the most important historic aspects of each garden or landscap a e. We ap W can see how in doing this he sometimes had to initiate changes that had minimum impact on those aims while improving visitor access to ever increasing numbers of people. His eff ffo ff forts to keep catering and trading interests in their place, and to locate car parks with sensitivity make interesting reading. Gardens evolve by human and natu t ral intervention, tu and we can read how restoration choices were made to recognise and accommodate both. Some may know or have known people refe f rred to and will be very interested in John fe Sales’s comments and assessments. There is a reasonably even balance between praise and criticism! On the whole, people rather than institu t tions get the praise. He recognised tu talented gardeners and did his best to appoint them to appropriate key positions in the gardens of the National Trust. If you know John, you can hear him speak through the written word. The volume I am reading belongs to the Kew Guild. I will be buying my own copy.

Sweetpea Seed Production in New Zealand by David Matthewman

Further to my article last year on the detail of our business produ d cing and selling sweetp du t ea tp seed, the fo f llowing outlines the produ d ction of seed fr du f om New Zealand. In th t e 20th t Centu th t ry tu ry, y, one of th t e great sweetp t ea breeders was Charles Unwin, son of Wi tp W lliam Unwin, both of whom were involved with the fa f mous company W. W J Unwin Ltd of Histon, now known as Unwin’s seeds d ction du f r seed produ t eas growing in New Zealand fo tp Sweetp (although today the Company is owned by We W stlands.) In the 1950s Charles Unwin’s daughter Pat emigrated to New Zealand to be a school teacher, settling in Gisborne North Island. With her background and upbringing Pat had been involved with t sweetp th t eas an tp a d had taken seeds with her fo f r cultivation. She fo f und that they grew extremely well in the fa f vourable climate and that

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325 t ey produ th d ced seed easily du and in good quantities. She passed her experiences on to her f ther to see if he would fa be interested in sending some of Unwins varieties f r her to test fo fo f r commercial production but at fi f rst Charles declined the off ffe ff fer. However, he visited Pat in 1958 and realised that there was indeed great potential. One big advantage was that seed of new varieties harvested in the UK in July/August could be sent immediately to New Zealan a d fo an f r sowing in Septemb m er. The fo mb f llowing seed crop would matu tur tu ure Jan anu an nuar ary ry/ y/Febru r ar ru ary ry and be ready fo f r the UK markets a year earlier than that produ d ced at home. In addition du there was the opportu t nity to have two seed crops per year (a godsend if the home crop tu had had a diff ffi ff ficult season). Charles started to send more and more cultivars out to Pat fo f r seeding and soon realised that the New Zealand crop was much more fr fru ruitfu f l than the UK. fu Pat became a fu f ll time seed producer and Unwins UK crop production declined. Other Companies became interested in sending stock to New Zealand fo f r bulking and Pat was in danger of being overw r helmed. She therefo rw f re set up fo u a sort r of co-operative thereby giving rt some local growers the opportu t nity to take on contract growing whilst remaining under tu her watchfu f l eye with regard to essential tasks which needed to be carried out. fu W became involved with We t Pat an th a d her dau a ghter Bridget in th au t e mid 1990s when our u business ur was expanding and we came to realise that we could not produ d ce the required amount of du seed ourselves at home. We W contacted them and sent out a range of cultivars fo f r bulking. The seeds need to arrive in New Zealand befo f re September so that they can be sown fo directly into the ground du d ring that month. W were fo We f rtu t nate enough to have visited New Zealand a time or two enab tu a ling us to see ab our seed growing in situ t and being harv tu r ested. The light levels in North Island are amazing, rv which helps produ d ce heavy crops. The strange thing is that the plants themselves do not du grow very r tall, stopping at ab ry a out fi f ve fe f et, which gives the growers an advantage when picking the seed and especially as wind can be a particular problem. How privileged we were when Pat and Bridget invited us to stay with them at their fa f rm just outside Gisborn r e and they entertained us fo rn f r several days. Their day starts very r early, ry y y, particularly fo f r Bridget as she nurtu t res a large number of sheep and also a sizeab tu a le herd ab of cattle befo f re embarking on the seed cultivation. fo My wife f , Pauline, and I regularly assisted in the picking which is all done by hand and we fe were amazed at the length of the seed rows, up u to 300 metres fo f r one variety. We W were asked to inspect the rows fo f r rogue plants, which is of massive imp m ortance with sweetp mp t eas tp as customers require cultivars to be tru r e. The colour ordered must be the colour sup ru u plied. up As expected, the rogues were negligible. When the seed pods are collected they are transfe f rred very fe r carefu ry f lly by variety into hessian sacks and placed on the fl fu f oor of a large and airy r barn ry r . These sacks are tu rn t rn r ed daily ensuring even ripening. As this process takes some weeks, we were privy to the actu t al threshing of the seed, which is carried out on a tu small portab a le machine. Aft ab f er threshing, the seed is packed fo ft f r despatch, ab a out April time,

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326 ready fo f r the consumer market in the UK. New Zealand will then await the next consignment to be sown. All in all a very r eff ry ffi ff ficient process, started by Pat Unwin nearly seventy years ago. Nowadays, in our retirement our business is mainly mail order, so we can produce suff ffi ff ficient seed in Yo Y rkshire to satisfy f the needs of our many customers. fy Aft f er hiring a car we continued our journ ft r ey through North Island New Zealand, stopping rn off f at wherever took our fa ff f ncy. We W came across some incredible places, some well off f the ff beaten track, like Raglan, an amazingly unspoilt coastal resort. Regretfu f lly, we had to fu make our way home. Ye Y t again, we had only managed to visit North Island and its many wonders, with a promise to visit again. Who kn k ows what the fu f tu t re holds!

Exploring the wonders of Vi V etnam and Laos by Mathew Rees (Course 53)

My name is Mathew Rees, I’m one of the Kew Diploma stu t dents on Course 53, now in tu my fi f nal year and ready to gradu d ate in September. Originally fr du f om France, I grew up u in Nancy, in the North East, and studied horticulture and botany befo f re travelling to fo South America to do fi f eld work on aroids and passionfl f owers. I decided to do the Kew fl Diploma to get involved in research, with f ntastic opport fa rtu rt tunities to meet some world class experts in the Jodrell laboratories and the Herb r ar rb a ium. I’m passionate ab a out plan a t evolution an and taxonomy and currently fo f cus my work on the genetics of Boraginaceae with a special interest in fo f rget-me-nots.

T ain street in Hanoi Tr

T ang An T mple in Tr W ter Te Wa

In early Febru r ary ru r 2018, I travelled to the Indory Chinese peninsula with my partner in crime and plant afi f cionado, To fi T ral Shah, botanist fo f r the Millennium Seed Bank. The purp r ose of the trip rp was to explore some of the central regions of V etnam, where the Annamite Ranges originate Vi at their most northern extent and separate the two countries of Vi V etnam and Laos over 700 miles fu f rther down South. We W then would cross the border into Laos and travel to the cultural capital, Luang Prabang, to deliver a seed collecting tr t aining in Pha Ta T d Ke, the fi f rst botanic garden in Laos. V etnam and Laos are two Vi biological wonders of South East Asia. They extend over vast latitudes, bringing a combination of both tropical and temperate fl f oras with marked seasonality during the dry period and winter. Aft f er ft arriving in Hanoi and getting a

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327 taste of the local cuisine, we set off f towards Cuc Phong Author and Amorp ff r hop rp o hallus umbrella op National Park, the fi f rst protected area designated by Ho Chi Minh in 1962 and the largest natu t re reserve in the tu country r . The park is home to an astonishing variety of ry life f , with around 97 species of mammals, 300 species fe of birds, just under 2000 species of plants and a numb m er mb of insects yet to be named. In the heart of the park sits the thousand year old tree, an immense Te T rminalia m riocarp my r a, dominating th rp t e can a opy. The park an r also hosts rk a conservation centre fo f r primates, turtles, small carn r ivores and pangolins. rn In the Province of Ninh Binh, lie other fa f ntastic sites such as the old capital of Hoa Lu, dating back to the 10th Century; the gigantic Buddhist complex of Bai Dinh, and the tranquil waters of Tr T ang An, all inscribed as UN U ESCO Wo W rld Heritage Sites. Further South, we reached the legendary Annamite Ranges, a complex geological fo f rmation dominated by karst and sandstones, home to rare species such as the recently discovered Annamite rab a bit ab and the Saola, the Douc langur, the Indochinese tiger and the maj a estic Chinese swamp aj cypress. Our base camp was located near Con Cuong, in the tiny village of Ye Y n Khe: homestay Hoa Tu T , named aft f er the owners Hoa and her husband Tu ft T . Communication was essentially hand gestures accompanied by Google translate. But in these regions where Hmong dialect is predominant over the fo f rmal Vi V etnamese, Google translate throws out some pretty interesting conversations - let’s leave it at that... Aft f er fo ft f ur days of intense jungle exploration, we were ready to make our way into Laos. Whereas Vi V etnam was cold because of the winter season, Laos was hot and dry almost instantly aft f er passing the ft border! This is mainly du d e to the fa f ct that Laos is a land locked country and the Annamite Ranges act as a barrier to the winds fr f om the South Chinese sea that bring moistu t re onto the west steep slopes, tu giving Pu Mat National Park such a lush vegetation.

An impressive Fi F cus with To T ral fo f r scale

Laos is off ffi ff ficially the most bomb m ed country mb r ry in history ry, ry y, with more than two million tons of bombs dropped du d ring the Vi V etnam war. This equals to a planeload of bombs every r ry eight minutes fo f r 24 hours a day, during nine years. Up to a third of the bombs dropped did not explode, leaving the country essentially in a state of no man’s land fi f lled with unexploded ordnances (UXO). This partially explains why most of Laos has remained so pristine. The old name of Lang Xan signifi f es “Land of the fi Million elephants” but in recent years, with t th

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328 the clearing of the UXO, fo f rests have been cut and the elephants have disap a peared. To ap T day only 700 elephants remain in the wild constantly under pressure fr f om poachers fo f r the logging industry and fa f rmers wanting to use them fo f r so called “Elephant Ride EcoTo T urism”. To Aft f er an eight hour bus ride on some of the windiest roads I have ever seen, we fi ft f nally arrived in Luang Prab a ang, Laos’s number one cultu ab t ral and touristic attraction. The city is tu set on the banks of the mighty Mekong River, originating in the Tibetan plateau and f owing 2700 miles south to the Mekong Delta. We fl W were met by Bry r ony Smart, botanist ry at Pha Ta T d Ke Botanic Garden. We W had heard of Bry r ony’s work through her episode on ry the In Defe f nse of Plants podcast, only to realise that she had previously worked at Kew fe befo f re moving to Laos. Pha Ta fo T d Ke is the fi f rst botanic garden in Laos and was opened to the public in 2008. It contains central collections of native plants including gingers, orchids, bamb m oos an mb a d palms, with t info th f rm fo r ation on th t eir tr t aditional eth t obotan th a ical uses which an are in desperate need of being recorded as these are passed down mainly orally and have very r little records in the literatu ry t re. tu W delivered a presentation on seed collecting, drying and storing with a fo We f cus on low budget options fo f r starting a local seed bank. We W look fo f rward to coming back to Laos and exploring the northern r fo rn f rests where much remains to be described.

Kew Guild CIO – a brief overview by Peter Styles

Members will be aware that since 2014, the Tr Tru rustees, with the sup u port of the committee up have been working with the Charity Commission to agree a new CIO (Charitable Incorp r orated Organisation) model. This CIO model is new legal fo rp f rm fo f r a charity and its adoption was essential to ensure that the Kew Guild’s charitab a le statu ab t s is preserved, tu together with its assets, which represent a signifi f cant cap fi a ital resource. The main work to ap achieve this position was initiated by Bob Ivison and continued with the past Presidents David Hardman, To T ny Overland and Alan Stuttard with the help fr f om our consultant solicitors and the invaluab a le sup ab u port of our member Jen Alsop. up T fu To f lly comply with the requirements of the Charity Commission there were necessary r ry changes to be made to the Guild byelaws. As reported by immediate past President Jean Griff ffi ff fin at the 2018 AGM, these changes were successfu f lly completed with the transfe fu f r of fe our assets to the new CIO almost complete. W can now look fo We f rward to our new Kew Guild, retaining the benefi f ts of the old Guild, fi safe f guarding our assets and allowing us to open up the membership and awards fe applications to a new wider membership. Members may know that we have a new registered charity number (1174033) which refl f ect the deregistered old Guild charity. fl The Kew Guild CIO is now a corp r orate body with additional legal protection and as such rp must comply with extra regulations to meet the requirements of the law. The legal responsibility is held by the new nine tru r stees who manage the aff ru ffa ff fairs of the CIO on behalf of the membership. The trustees are supported by the voluntary and paid committee positions and advisors which includes membership, journal editor, secretary, archives, awards committee, website, and stu t dent representatives. This sup tu u ersedes the old stru up r ctu ru t re tu of off ffi ff ficers and committee. One of th t e main activities of th t e Guild is th t e Aw A ar a ds. This will continu n e th nu t rough th t e Aw A ar a ds Committee under the leadership of Chris Kidd, but we can expect a larger number of a plications in the years ahead as we expand our membership. ap

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329 The main obj b ectives of the Guild remain except that we now have expanded our remit to bj include members of the pub u lic as required by the Charity Commission. ub - The advancement of horticultu t re, mycological and botanical kn tu k owledge fo f r the benefi ft fi of the pub u lic, particularly (without limitation) in connection with the work of the Royal ub Botanic Gardens, Kew. - The encouragement and advancement of horticulture and botanical education fo f r the benefi f t of the pub fi u lic, in particular at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, ub w including (without w, limitation) by the provision of awards, prizes and grants to schools and stu t dents. tu - To T promote the improvement, preservation and sound management fo f r the benefi f t of the fi public of places of natural beauty, gardens and lands of ecological, horticultural, mycological or botanical importance or interest. The members will be pleased to hear that we will continue with our well organised events and annual dinner programme which we all ap a preciate and enj n oy. If any of the members nj require fu f rther clarifi f cation of the work of the Guild under the new CIO, please contact fi me or our secretary r Sara Arn ry r old. rn This has been an extraordinary r time fo ry f r the Guild and the tru r stees have worked tirelessly ru to ensure that the Guild’s best interests are met in the changeover. Thank you fo f r your patience and understanding du d ring this time and I look fo f rward to representing you in the months ahead.

T mperate House Restoration Te by Scott Ta T ylor

It’s been a fe f w months since the Temperate House (TH) reopened aft f er its thorough ft restoration. Now the du d st has settled it has given me time to refl f ect on the magnitu fl t de of tu the job. Constru r ction work began in 2014 but the horticultu ru t ral elements started much earlier. I’d tu been working in the Palm House fo f r nearly fo f ur years f re transplanting to when the opportu fo r ning palms befo ru Root pru t nity came up tu u to join the Te T mperate pots House team. I seized it. In March 2012 I joined the team and we began to assess th t e plants growing inside t e TH, ap th a proximately 1000 diff ffe ff ferent species, all with t th diff ffe ff ferent needs, age, size, etc. W stu We t died each plant and came up tu u with a strategy as to how we treat them. Some would be left f in situ ft during construction works, some would be kept as specimens and taken to our nurseries to grow on, but most plants would be propagated by every r imaginab ry a le ab way. As well as developing a strategy and method fo f r each species we developed work schedu d les and met du with stakeholders outside the horticultu t ral team who tu included construction, science, interpretation, activities, events, marketing and press, all of which had important parts to play in this mammoth job. Once the plans had been laid out, work began. I

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330 clearly remember the fi f rst plant we lift f ed out of the ft groun u d an un a d pott t ed up tt u . It was one of the tree fe f rns, Dicks k onia antarc ks r tica which rc had been growing in the TH f r decades. At this stage fo there was little nursery space available, so we transfo f rmed the north fo octagon to store plants. The lift f ing and propagation ft gathered pace quickly aft f er ft t re tu f atu Building the centre block water fe this and by spring 2014 we were ready to move out of the TH. A dedicated nursery r had been constru ry r cted and we could use other nursery ru r spaces ry around Kew. Moving the plants fr f om the TH to the nurseries was much quicker than I had thought and in a fe f w weeks we had emptied the entire TH and set ourselves up u to grow and maintain the plants fo f r the next fe f w years ex-situ t . tu

The propagating, lift f ing and transporting of plants were very exciting times as they ft involved machinery ry, ry y, heavy work and all out action. The next phase was also exciting but on a diff ffe ff ferent level. We W kept up u the propagation to bulk up u our stock and carried out all necessary r tasks to keep plants hap ry a py: repotting, fe ap f eding and pest management in addition to sourcing new plants and developing content fo f r the fu f tu t re display. We W wanted to put more diversity back into the TH than we’d taken out and increase the number of species to 1500. The Millennium Seed Bank (MSB) proved a vital resource. Seed of some of the rar a est plan ar a ts ar an a e stored th t ere an a d we picked out hu hun undr d eds of seeds fr f om th t is amazing librar ary ar ry in order to fi f ll some of the gap a s in our plant collection and add new plants to showcase ap the important work carried out by Science colleagues. The nursery r phase lasted ab ry a out three years du d ring which delays to the constru r ction works ru amassed. The original plan was to move back into a completely restored glasshouse in early May 2017 which would give us a year to replace the soil, landscape the planting beds, transport the thousands of plants we’d grown and replant them ready fo f r the reopening in May 2018. The delays meant a redu d ction our working time, and in order to meet our targets, it was du decided to hire a landscap a e contractor to aid with installing the soil, landscap ap a e the beds, ap build water fe f atu t res and assist with transporting the largest plants fr tu f om our nurseries to t e Te th T mp m erate House. The contr t actor also helped with tr t tr th t ansport r ing all th rt t e rocks previously removed fr f om the TH to build the new water fe f atu t res. tu The big move started late 2017 and the fi f rst tree, a bitter orange, was planted in October. W planted largest specimens fi We f rst fo f r ease of access and infi f lled later with smaller plants. fi Constru r ction works went sequentially so the planting fo ru f llowed the same sequence, north block fi f nished and planted fi f rst, then south block and fi f nishing in the centre block. It was a push to comp m lete th mp t e job on time but hap a pily we did. There were many str ap t essfu tr f l moments fu and sleepless nights thinking ab a out how precious some of our plants are and how would we get them through the doors. We W had issues with some of the larger cycads such as E cep En e halartos woodii which is also one of our rarest plants du ep d e to their large size and the small doors. Other plants that proved diff ffi ff ficult were the Ha H ndr dro dr roanth t us imp th m etig mp i inosus and ig Barringtonia acutangula, the fi f rst du d e to its height, nearly 10 metres including its pot and the second du d e to its weight. Va V rious methods and machinery r were discussed to achieve ry

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331 T ee fe Tr f rn r s retu t rn tu r to centre block aft f er fo ft f ur years in nursery r ry

the task of getting these plants through doors no more th t an a 3.5 metres tall but in the end a team of strong gardeners carried each large specimen on their sides through the doors befo f re standing fo them back up u inside.

Most of the planting was complete by the end of April which allowed fo f r a big clean u and tidy befo up f re the fo opening event on May 3rd which was attended by stakeholders, fu f nders and VIPs such as David Attenb n orough who gave a speech and declared the building open. This day also saw nb a lar arg ar rge press lau aun au unch which was att t ended by jour tt urn ur rnalists fr f om all over th t e world an a d involved planting the last plant of the restoration, a So S lanum laciniatum. Since then we have seen thousands of visitors come through the doors with very r positive ry f edb fe d ack on how the building looks as well as the planting. The plants have settled in well db with minimal losses and some have grown much larger and fa f ster than we’d originally hoped. We W are still many years away fr f om having trees bru r shing the ceiling of the centre ru block as they did befo f re the restoration, but it allows visitors to enj fo n oy the cathedral-like nj natu t re of the building and hopefu tu f lly to see the growth of plants by revisiting over the next fu f w years. A long journ fe r ey with some challenging times but worth every rn r second! ry

Kew’s outreach initiative engages millions more people by Philip Tu T rvil, Grow Wi W ld’s programme director

Grow Wi W ld has shared Kew messages fa f r and wide fo f r fi f ve years – engaging fo f ur million people across the UK. They have brought people together to value and enj n oy UK native nj wildfl f owers and fu fl f ngi. Kew has now pub u lished extracts fr ub f om their evaluation with cheery r ry info f graphics and videos about the scale and impact of this fl fo f agship outreach initiative. V sit growwildu Vi d du

K w W ld Parade ©RBG Ke Grow Wi

Grow Wild is motivated by declining wildfl f ower fl populations and millions of undiscovered fu f ngi species. Plus fr f ightening research about how little action people take to protect their environment. Through Grow Wi W ld, Kew has inspired people to grow as a group u , get active up and learn about nature. This includes activities with wildfl f ower seed kits, fl grow-your-own fu f ngus kits, youth/community

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f nding, and digital/event campaigns. fu Grow Wild helps Kew achieve its mission to build an understanding of the world’s plants and fu f ngi upon which our lives depend. They also help Kew deliver benefi f ts fo fi f r wellbeing and community cohesion that, in turn, trigger more learning and sustain behavioral changes.


T deliver activities, Grow Wild has To exp x ert xp r s in commu rt mun mu unication, engagement K w f ont ©RBG Ke f owers in fr fl Flats with wildfl and evaluation. They work with other teams across Kew and Wa W kehurst, including the scientifi f c expertise fr fi f om Kew’s UK Native Seed Hub u and Kew’s mycology ub (fu f ngi) experts. Kew has won multiple national awards that recognise Grow Wi fu W ld’s scale and impact, including being pub u licly voted the UK’s best environmental proj ub o ect in 2016. oj This is all made possible thanks to the kind sup u port of the Big Lottery up r Fund and private ry contributors. T discuss development opportunities and consultancy, please contact Grow Wild’s To programme director, Philip Tu T rvil. What Grow Wilders say: 1. “I learn r t that all these fl rn f owers are not really weeds, unwanted stu t ff tu ff. f. I need to think of them as part of a bigger pictu t re.” tu 2. “The young people had never grown anything befo f re, but this initiative has sparked fo an interest in natu t re that was not there befo tu f re.” fo 3. “We W ’re going to do a fu We f ngus watch in the autu t mn and we will grow mushrooms tu again. We W never thought ab a out doing this befo f re.” fo 4. “It made every r one fe ry f el proud of the neighbourhood and brought the young and old together over a common interest!” T p Grow Wild achievements with UK native wildfl To f owers and fu fl f ngi 1. Engaged 57,000 volunteer group u s and 1m+ young people aged 12-25 up 2. Shared enough seeds fo f r 2.2m people to cover 1,000 fo f otb t all pitches with tb wildfl f owers fl 3. Shared enough fu f ngi fo f r 52,000 people to grow their own mushrooms 4. Distributed £900k in proj o ect grants to 158 young people and 294 community group oj u s up 5. Inspired 3.2m digital interactions and attracted 60,000 social media fo f llowers 6. Reached the UK’s 30% most deprived areas with 28% of seed kits and 48% of community proj o ects oj Impact attributed to Kew’s Grow Wild activities, based on reports fr f om independent evaluators. Befo f re groups engaged fo - 75% wouldn’t have grown wildfl f owers (befo fl f re seed kits) fo - Nearly half had little or any involvement with natu t re (befo tu f re community proj fo o ect oj f nding) fu - 88% had poor kn k owledge of fu f ngi (befo f re fu fo f ngus kits) Because groups engaged - 88% learn r t new things ab rn a out wildfl f owers and 65% built connections to the local fl

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333 neighbourhood (aft f er seed kits) ft - Most now think diff ffe ff ferently ab a out wildfl f owers and positively changed their attitu fl t des tu towards other people (aft f er community proj ft o ect fu oj f nding) - 76% increased their kn k owledge ab a out fu f ngi (aft f er fu ft f ngus kits) Aft f er groups engaged ft - 73% got into natu t re more oft tu f en and 80% successfu ft f lly transfo fu f rmed their space (aft fo f er ft seed kits) - 76% did more fo f r natu t re and 82% did more fo tu f r their community (aft f er community ft proj o ect fu oj f nding) - 57% were inspired to look fo f r fu f ngi outside (aft f er fu ft f ngus kits) Aft f er 12-18 months ft - 95% said there were endu d ring impacts with better understanding of wildfl du f owers and fl better connections with other people (aft f er seed kits) ft - About half increased connections to natu t re and two-thirds increased connections with tu their community (aft f er community proj ft o ect fu oj f nding) ŠRBG Ke K w.

Kew Guild Journal 100 years ago by Richard Wa W rd

The December 1918 Journ r al was redu rn d ced to 30 pages, partly du du d e to pap a er shortages near ap the end of WW1. The 1917 AGM report talked of a memorial fo f r those Kewites who had f llen in the war, but the matter was defe fa f rred. There were heartrending reports fr fe f om the f ont line, and fr fr f om th t ose who retu t rn tu r ed. The Guild annual sub u scription was 5s (25p today.) ub Mr J. We W ather suggested a Kew Guild badge. Ru R le 1V did not allow ladies to represent Kewites on the Committee. But the Kew Mutu t al Improvement Society had taken on their tu f rst lady Secretary. 20 Kewites in America had held their second annual reunion and fi banquet in New Yo Y rk.

Guild Committee deliberations in 2018 by Richard Wa W rd

The main Committee met fi f ve times du d ring the year. By fa f r the most time was spent on discussions about the Guild’s application to the Charity Commission fo f r Charity Incorp r orated Organisation statu rp t s. tu Other matters included the Guild website; the Kew Guild medal; Archives improvements; Finance income, spend and commitments; Honorary membership; Annual Dinner imp m rovements; Outside visits; Data Protection matters; Journ mp r al costs and ideas; Kew Guild rn A ards; Stu Aw t dent year representation on the Committee; Past President badges. tu

My Career Stephen Butler I retired in 2018, bang on my 65th birthday, y the timing seemed right. The previous year y, had been busy, y so catching up y, u with lots of things was one fi f rst task, including chasing the Guild membership which had lapsed, blame the bank! On reading through a couple of kindly sent Journ r als I realised I should probab rn a ly do a wee career note too... ab I joined the Royal Parks Apprenticeship Scheme in 1969, serving in Hampton Court

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334 Palace, with George Cook as Apprentice Master. Good times, excellent training, should never have been stopped, and good that it is back! Spent a fu f rther two years as a Grade 1 gardener in th t e tr t ee and shru rub ru ub nu n rsery r th ry t ere, where we still used wheelbarr r ows fo rr f r hau a lage, au d g up du u fi f ve metre trees by hand, hand du d g an acre or so fo f r spring bedding produ d ction, du adding rott t ed leaf mould fr tt f om th t e Cour urt ur rts tr t ees (stacked by han a d to make a heap an a fo ap f ur u metr t es tr tall and twelve metres square), and didn’t use any weedkiller apart fr f om something phenolic in the container yard. I can still remember the backache fr f om ‘spading’ in a wet winter/ r spring, literally using a spade to tu r/ t rn r weeds under the soil by only an inch or two. Y u kept the spade horizontal, using the inside of the kn Yo k ee to help push it into the soil. Aft f er 20 minu ft n tes you could hardly stand up nu u , aft f er six hours you had to, but couldn ft d ’t, agony, dn y y, but it did control the annual weeds! Off f to Kew in 1974, aft ff f er being pushed in that direction by another Kewite, Geoff ft f Collins. ff Great times, company, y training, and experience, but my fa y, f mily broke up u du d ring that time and I left f aft ft f er the course fo ft f r ‘fo f reign parts’, probab fo a ly to escap ab a e, and served as a volunteer ap with VSO in Bangladesh. What a change, no rain fr f om October to April. Nothing but rain f om May to September. Planting potatoes in November to lift fr f in January (by hand, ft literally, y silty soil, pulled ap y, a art with fi f ngers to avoid damage to tu tub ubers). Sowing wheat in November to crop in March. Aft f er a year I took up a fu ft f ll time job with the Lutheran Wo W rld Service as one of their Administrators, but with horticulture my input fo f r all areas. I had a working area tight against th t e Indian a border, an r ab r, a out 50 miles long an a d 10 miles wide, an a d a staff f of 120 Bengali ff lads. We W were encouraging diversify f ing crops, growing more winter wheat, small scale fy irrigation, tree planting (fo f r which we used local men who did this already, fo y like a mini y, nursery r ) – 60,000 road side trees in one year as fo ry f od fo f r work in a drought, and growing more vegetab a les. The greenest crop in spring was the seed beds of tobacco! The hardest ab part was watching crops die of lack of water if the rains were late, and no irrigation was done because they had prayed fo f r rain, irrigation thus showed a lack of fa f ith. Fair play to them to have that fa f ith, but they lost the early rice crop as seedlings died. I’ll always rememb m er watching hand jetting fo mb f r a tu tub ubewell, going down 20 metres with a 50 mm pipe, using a hand on top as a suction pad, lift f hand going down, lower hand going up ft u to suck u silt. All silt of course, they’d be surp up r rised to fi rp f nd a 10 mm stone in it. The pipe itself was all hand made – bamb m oo and coconu mb n t fi nu f bre fo f r th t e fi f lter, with t bitu th t men on th tu t e top seven metres to make it waterp r roof. rp f It worked too. f. Reading the Journ r al, I was very rn r near another Kewite but unfo ry f rtu fo t nately did not kn tu k ow, w Udai w, Pradhan in Kalimpong, We W st Bengal. Whatever the road distance, getting visas to travel then was not so easy, y had to bluff y, f my way across the border once! If Udai had dr ff d ift f ed down ft the Te T esta River I could have met him in Lalmanirh r at, probab rh a ly at the Te ab T esta Bridge, a railway bridge we used fo f r Landrovers too – you had to be very r carefu ry f l though to keep fu the wheels on the railway sleepers laid either side along the rail – fo f r a half mile! One lad had to reverse back half way too when he met a train… I married a sweet Irish colleen out there, great wedding, eight diff ffe ff ferent religions or branches thereof represented, and ten diff ffe ff ferent countries. And only twelve guests! Whole wedding cost ab a out £10, with £1 to make two gold rings into one. The goldsmiths worked on one street, at the end of which one man panned fo f r gold in the drainage ditch, he made a living too. Diff ffe ff ferent world. Our son was born r there, but I had to pay the delivery rn r cash ry u fr up f ont in the military r hospital! Mark was born ry r with a cleft rn f lip which meant he could not ft f ed properly. We fe W came home when he was six weeks old and one pound lighter th t an when he was born r . Diff rn ffi ff ficult times, very r hard on Frances. ry Home to Ireland. Bad times here then, with little work. Landed on my fe f et though with a

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335 very r simple job (at that time) in Dub ry u lin Zoo, three staff ub ff, ff f, hedges, roses, bedding, grass, no horticultu t ral challenge at all ap tu a art fr f om the depredations of the animals or the visitors, but very isolated – it was the only zoo in the Irish Republic at that time. Our son was also diagnosed with Downs Syndrome. This put the fu f ll stop on any chance of travelling, you have to play the cards you’re dealt, but it kn k ocks your confi f dence. Once the kids (a sister fi joined our son) were big enough, and less work r , I started to do other work rk r , joining in more rk f lly local garden organisations such as the Irish Garden Plant Society (linked to Plant fu Heritage) and pushing the Profe f ssional Gardeners Guild. All good stuff fe ff, ff f, and incredibly worthwhile. I am now doing more fo f r the IGPS chasing Irish cultivars, keeping them in cultivation, the hardest part is verifi f cation especially of herb fi r aceous plants. A classic case rb f r us is Aconitum ‘Newry fo r Blue’, many people have ‘it’, but they look diff ry ffe ff ferent, which one, if any, y is ‘tru y, r e’, and it is even availab ru a le commercially as seed…how can that then be ab tru r e? Wo ru W rk in hand! I wrote here in 2004 ab a out the zoo horticultu t ral group tu u s, fi up f rst in Britain and Ireland, then in Europe. This developed incredibly well. For the BIAZA British and Irish Association of Zoos and Aquaria I had done a Keepers Course horticultu t re chap tu a ter, and have revised ap and increased/improved that twice since. For the EAZA European Association of Zoos and Aquaria I have been active in organising confe f rences ab fe a out our work fo f r colleagues, held three times in Dublin, and submitted entries notes to their plant web site This built on what we had started years befo f re, but is web based and fo accessible by all. Immensely, y immeasurab y, a ly, ab y usefu y, f l. Yo fu Y u can search on a plant or animal, and see what other people have already noted, edible, non palatab a le, or poisonous issues, ab and an awfu f l lot on what is good fo fu f dder or browse, brilliant, proves the power of the web. Through email you can ask a question to all members of the group u and within the hour up oft f en have several answers or assistance, invaluab ft a le sup ab u port. Over the years various group up u up memb m ers have included oth mb t er Kewites, Mark th r Sparr rk r ow (Chester Zoo), Ian Tu rr T rn r er (Paignton Zoo), and Pau a l Shipsides (Bristol and Chester Zoo), plus people fr au f om Edinb n urgh Botanical nb Garden and others, and this botanical background has certainly helped push us fo f rward as a group u . up I was also asked to join the Editorial Board of Zoolex an intern r ational rn design organisation with – wait fo f r it – WA W ZA, yes, the Wo W rld Association of Zoos and Aqu q aria. 700 million people visit zoos worldwide each year, what an audience to see good qu planting, never mind the animals! At Dub u lin, with govern ub r ment fu rn f nding fo f r development, and a change in how the animals were kept – the word is animal wellness - the zoo went fr f om quite bad to, now, w extremely w, good. Planting is designed to provide screening, fr f om visitors or other animals, maybe enrichment – providing some natu t ral fo tu f od fi f nding or even fi f nding insects on the plants, dense cover to allow scatter fe f eding and searching – throwing fo f od into dense growth, and natu t ral climbing, always better on a swaying branch not a rigid perch. I normally say tu when I joined the zoo it looked tired and old and worn r out while I was young and fi rn f t and energetic. Now the zoo looks young and fi f t and I look old and worn r out. The animals used rn to be in cages, then enclosures, then exhibits, now in hab a itats. ab One important aim of the zoo is obviously conservation, and presenting the animals in a naturalistic habitat hopefu f lly inspires visitors to think of conserving wild habitats, thus fu conserv r ing all fl rv f ora and fa fau auna where it should be. Vi V sitor nu n mb m ers have gone fr f om 300,000 in mid 1980s to 1.2 million in 2017. Animal areas are themed within a masterp r lan to try rp r ry to make them look their native hab a itat, so fo ab f r example masses of bamboo fo f r Asia, a great range of Afr f ican plants (so many to choose fr fr f om) in our Afr f ican savanna, loads of conife fr f rs fe f r our North American sea lion habitat, and oft fo f en large-leaved tropical looking plants ft every r where. ry

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The biggest challenge was the gorilla habitat, where we wanted a densely planted and varied planting palette but where some plants would hopefu f lly be left fu f ft alone, more oft f en you see ft just grass, not natu t ral, and little tu chance f r fo enrichment fo f r t e animals. We th W now kn k ow th t ey do not eat Sa S lix i purp ix r ure rp r a (planted as not eaten by rab re a bits), ab or Ptero r cary ro r a fr ry f axinif ifo if folia (but I don’t know why exactly, though it is a fa f mily fu f ll of chemicals), or scented Ch C ois isy is sya or Laurus, or prickly Berberis i (though they very is r carefu ry f lly fu tease the fl f owers off f !). A long list of not eaten, and an equally long list of eaten but not ff r ined – fo ru f r instance they enj n oy breaking open the springtime buds of Gunnera manicata nj and eating the fl f owers, or pulling out the fl f ower stems of Ca C re rex ex pendu d la and eating just du the bottom 50 mm. The best reaction started in spring 2017 when the gorillas were seen eating the non edible willow, what were they doing? Eating the catkins, and only the catkins, no young leaf or bark damaged. Perfe f ct enrichment. fe Savannah habitat, the southern white rhinoceros f area. ff f ican plants used in stand off fr a itat. Many Afr ab hab

Similar planting in a new orangutan habitat worked equally as well, but watching the orangutans break off f the lower leaves of Cy ff C nara (probably too bitter fo f r gorillas or orangutans to eat) to make day beds was great enrichment. The Cy C nara leaves are thick and fe f lty, y like a blanket on the ground. Another discovery y, r was that there are plants that ry elephants will not eat, f , well hidden among the planting, ft a itat on right, visitor trail on left ab Gorilla hab though you need to viewing to the gorillas only in certain areas. keep them away fr f om their fe f et. Ley e cesteria ey f rmosa is not eaten by fo anything, which makes it a darn r nuisance of an rn introduced alien in woodland, but very usefu f l fo fu f r a zoo if allowed to use it. If designing an elephant habitat again I’d have Ley e cesteria as the ey backdrop, maybe through a supporting mesh fe f nce fo f r extra height, a nice green background with no need to stop elephants fr f om eating it. They don’t like Paulownia either, woolly leaves? There are occasional intern r ational confe rn f rences on zoo design, the most recent in Wr fe W oclaw, w w, Poland in 2017, organised by Zoolex. I was asked to talk and chose two topics, our gorilla hab a itat, and our eff ab ffo ff forts at preventing soil compaction with various hoofs f tock, bongo and fs

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337 okap a i particularly where we had lost several trees, using heavy du ap d ty plastic mesh as used in car parks on grass, but with 50 mm depth on top of a 50/50 by 6 mm and 10 mm round stone mix and 20% tree chips in it, with grass sown as usual. Wo W rks incredibly well, no mud, healthy trees, easy access fo f r staff f even in a wet winter. Aft ff f er my gorilla talk I was ft surp r rised by a queue of zoo directors and curators who had seen Dub rp u lin Zoo the previous ub year, and just wanted to congratulate me on the planting, a very pleasant and totally unexpected experience indeed! The other big issue when I fi f rst joined Dublin Zoo had been goose damage to almost everything, even young trees were stripped of bark. We W fo f und edges of Ca C re rex ex pendu d la du work r ed, not damaged, but boring. Then we started using Libertia chilensis rk i , brilliant, again is no damage once estab a lished, and a bit of colour, well white. Then I thought, what other ab Libertia are out there? The more accessions I acquired the more confu f sing it became, the fu names were hopelessly muddled. Eventually, with other people asking too, I ended up preparing herb r arium specimens fo rb f r all the diff ffe ff ferent plants I had, and the RHS botany team revised the genus using Dub u lin Zoo’s collection aft ub f er a quick visit. During the review the ft botanists realised there were a group u of hybrids between L. chilensis up i and L. ix is i ioide d s which de needed a name, so, in recognition of the eff ffo ff fort I’d put into it all, we now have Libertia x butleri to group them together, but the only one regularly seen is Libertia x butleri ‘Amazing Grace’. All those pressed weeds du d ring the course paid off f at last! ff I thoroughly enj n oyed the Kew Guild visit in 2015, Dave Hardman and I were in the same nj year (and the same fl f at fo f r a year, but we’ve recovered) and he twisted my arm to organise the trip, but I was too busy to join them fo f r all the garden visits. Other visits over the years to see what we have done at Dub u lin Zoo have included many times various Irish garden ub societies, staff f have been sent in fr ff f om other gardens – including the National Botanic Gardens Glasnevin, and colleges – we even had students fr f om Niagara College of Horticultu t re, Canada. In 2018 we had our fi tu f rst intern r ational garden group rn u visit with 40 up Dutch Friends of Esveld Nursery ry, ry y, something I would not have even dreamed of when I joined Dub u lin Zoo in 1981. ub Another aspect I would never have thought possible when I start r ed at Dub rt u lin Zoo has been ub various pub u lished articles. RHS Registrar Julian Shaw reviewing our Libertia collection ub a peared in RHS Th ap T e Pla l nts la t man Ju ts J ne 2015 Vo V l 14 Part r 2. Aft rt f er various emails to th ft t e editor who was having tr t oub u le un ub u derstanding some of our problems, I wrote an art r icle on planting rt in zoos – March 2016 Vo V l 15 Part 1. An article in one of the national broadsheets here (of several over the years) on our planting prompted the Editor of In I ternational Zo Z o Ne N ws w to request one too – Nov/Dec 2013 Vo V l 60/6 No 403. This magazine goes around the world zoos, fo f r animal managers, and I had the fi f rst only plant article they had ever commissioned, with our rh r ino hab a itat on their fr ab f ont cover, though you have to look hard to see the rh r inos amongst the plants, excellent, and this all helps keep plants in peoples minds although they are zoo orientated. The EAZA Zoo Horticulture Group has been a real life f saver, regular contact through fe email groups, sharing info f rmation and experience, an annual confe fo f rence held all over fe Europe – I’ve been fo f rtunate to visit Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Arnhem, Berlin, Randers (Denmark), Zurich, Rome, Barcelona, Budap a est and many zoos in the UK too. Of course ap wherever you go there are almost always Botanic Gardens nearb r y too, and the host zoo rb arr r anged fi rr f eld trips, oft f en to additional zoos of course, all very ft r interesting and usefu ry f l. No fu matter the language, plants were the link between us all and I’ve made many good fr f iends. Isn’t horticultu t re a great career. Floreat zoo! tu

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338 Esme McCulloch I did a bit of secretarial work fo f r all of these names. Dr John Hutchinson, Dr R. Melville, Dr F. N. Howes, Dr. Metcalfe f at the Lab fe a oratory ab ry, ry y, and at least two Curators (I believe that the fi f rst was killed on the Kew Road when crossing). I also work r ed fo rk f r th t e Keeper of the Herbarium and the then Director, Sir Arthur Hill (who was killed in a horse riding accident while riding in Old Deer Park), and his successor Sir Geoff ffr ff frey Evans. I work r ed most of the time in rk my own little room in Cambridge Cottage, which y 1943 y, Gerald and Esme McCulloch on their wedding day, consisted of writing up C lloch M Cu E me Mc Es ©Es accounts of new plants, the Genera Plantarum and latterly helping Dr. Melville round up Boy Scouts and in fa f ct every r one cap ry a ab ap a le of collecting Rose hips to be redu d ced to a source of Vi du V tamin C, which was getting very scarce towards the end of the war. A lot of the time I typed up Dr Hutchinson’s ‘A Botanist in Southern r Afr rn f ica’, which was sub fr u sequently pub ub u lished and he ub gave me a copy, y of which I still have his signed ap y, a preciation on the fl f y leaf. f During the f. middle of the war I was loaned to the Ministry r of Agricultu ry t re in Whitehall, where we spent tu the nights during very fr f equent air raids on lines of beds in the basement. As we were situated just opposite the Admiralty it is a wonder that we were not bombed, although bombing took place around us day and night. Latterly I retu t rn tu r ed to Kew du d ring the time of the “doodle bugs” which were the greatly hated unmanned bombs. We W could hear them a proaching and when the sound ceased we waited fo ap f r the crash. Mollie Kierans, who worked fo f r many years in the Herbarium, did fi f rewatch duty overn r ight with me. We rn W became very r close fr ry f iends, and she became one of my bridesmaids when I marr r ied my Gerald, a young mining engineer, ©Es rr C lloch M Cu E me Mc Es in 1943. We W had done a lot of our courting in Kew and aft f er our wedding he did fi ft f rewatch duty in the museums with me. Gerald had to go overseas fo f r the govern r ment to the then named Gold Coast. There was rn no room fo f r women on the convoy of ships, so I remained behind working at Kew. Eventu t ally I left tu f Kew when Gerald retu ft tur tu urn rned to Englan a d an and we moved to Newcastle on Ty T ne, where he work r ed rk f r the Ministry of Fuel searching fo fo f r much needed sup u plies of coal. During that time we had our fi up f rst son Eric who is now well over 70 years of age. Tw T o years later we had another son, Michael, who is now a very r ry comfo f rtab fo a ly retired dentist. ab W moved to South Afr We f ica, to the asbestos mines in fr K ru Ku r man, we both now suff ffe ff fer some lung defi f ciency as fi a result. Many other people there died fr f om the asbestos. We W moved to Kimberly where Gerald

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became mine manager to their De Beers diamond mines. He tells me he produ d ced du a out $1,000.000 of diamonds annually. ab Aft f er about fo ft f urteen years in South Afr f ica we decided that the political fr situation was getting steadily worse especially because we now had seven children, fo f ur sons and three daughters who had no prospects being white, English speaking Catholics, who were not acceptab a le to the statu ab t s quo. We tu W all sailed up the east coast of Afr f ica fr Esme and Gerald McCulloch - 75th We W dding Anniversary r ry stopping at every port then to the ©Peter Mc M Cu C lloch Seychelles and on to Bombay. W thoroughly enj We n oyed ourselves living on the Kolar Goldfi nj f eld with a household of fi devoted servants, and a wonderfu f l ayah to help with the children. Gerald searched fu throughout India fo f r diamonds fo f r the Indian Government while I remained with the f mily. All of our children initially were ab fa a le to go to Indian schools, but the boys’ high schools did not want white boys so we sent Eric and Michael to boarding school in England. We W all were un u hap a py at being fo ap f rced to separate to diff ffe ff ferent schools so eventu t ally tu we decided to settle together in Australia, where we have remained except fo f r many hap a py ap holidays in diff ffe ff ferent parts of the world. Gerald worked fo f r the Australian Govern r ment and rn is now long retired. We W have had quite an interesting and adventu t rous life tu f . These are just fe a fe f w rough notes. Kew was a quiet and very r beautifu ry f l and interesting place while I was fu f rtu fo t nate to work there. ©Es tu E me Mc Es M Cu C lloch. E me passed away Es a peacef ay efu ef fully l on 12 Ma ly M rc r h 2019. We W send our condo d lences to her fa do f mily ly. ly y. E me’s care Es r er write up re u and Ne N ws w of o Ke K wites are r publis re i hed in th is t is i Jo J urnal as submitted. d A d. f ll Obituary fu r will ap ry app ppear in th t e Ev E ents t of ts o 2019 Jo J urnal. - Ed E Anthony Rose W rking life Wo f history fe r since Kew Stu ry t dentship in 1961-1963. When I left tu f Kew in early 1963, ft I went to the LCC (shortly to become the GLC) as a lan a dscap an a e architect. As I alway ap a s did ay ‘fo f reigners’ during my spare time at this fo junctu t re to sup tu u plement my income, I met up up u with David Attenborough and his brother Richard. ‘Dickie’Attenborough off ffe ff fered to help fi f nance the setting up of a landscape company with me, if I wished to leave the GLC (where I was very r contented). So aft ry f er two and a half years ft with the GLC I resigned to commence a business known as Richmond Landscapes. I ran the business fo f r ab a out three years, mostly working 12-14 hour days, seven days a week. Although the business was successfu f l it was, fu as you can imagine, very r exhausting. ry T ny built This is the house that To

During this period I was approached by the Institute of Park and Recreation

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This is a view of part of my garden at the rear

Administration, who asked me if I would take up the position of lecturer in Landscap a e ap Architecture, which involved me travelling f om fr Richmond to Goringon-Thames fo f r one day a week. I perfo f rmed fo this f nction fo fu f r some six months until the time involved confl f icted fl with my business.

Aft f er three years or so I decided I needed a break ft so I took off f to Paris, France. There I took up ff u oil painting and became an artist. I sold a fe f w paintings, but realising aft f er fo ft f ur months that I wasn’t going to be the next Picasso and as my savings were running out, I applied to several French landscap a ing fi ap f rms fo f r a job as ‘paysagiste’ or landscape and garden designer. A fi f rm on the outskirts of Paris took me on and over a period of some three years I became the head of the business, which I thoroughly enj n oyed, although nj the pay was not great.

f Sue and I in India fe t re of my wife tu A pictu

I decided that in order to benefi f t fr fi f om all of my qualifi f cations, I would have to go to America or fi retu tur tu urn rn to th t e UK. A fe f w lett t ers to Califo tt f rn fo r ia ensued and I received wonderfu f l replies saying they fu would love to have me but they could not employ me under state law as I was a f reigner an fo a d not of specialist tr t ade. I th t en noticed in the Journal of the Institute of Park r and Recreation Adm rk d inistr dm t ation, a job tr advertised as Chief Landscape Architect f r the City of Liverpool. By special fo a pointment, I came fr ap f om Paris to see the Director of Parks and Recreation at Liverp r ool, a wonderfu rp f l gentleman by the fu name of Mr. McCormack. Aft f er about ft three hours of chat he off ffe ff fered me the job and I moved to Liverp r ool a month later. rp

During my fi f rst year in Liverpool, I designed and built my fi f rst house in my spare time, carrying out all the work myself except fo f r plastering (which I have One of 70 paintings I have done, titled Barcelona. It is a never attempted). t dy of some of Gaudi’s work as he is an icon of mine. tu stu

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341 So, in 1971/72 I began my long soj o ourn oj r in Liverp rn r ool to this day. I continued ru rp r nning my large department fo f r the City Council with up to a dozen design assistants fo f r the next nine years. During this time, Liverpool underwent a huge transfo f rmation fr fo f om empty bombed out sites to green areas and playgrounds and much needed new housing. During this period I embarked upon my second love of architecture and building, constru r cting ru three new houses of my own and fo f r a client who had asked me to do so. This was in my spare time whilst working fo f r Liverp r ool City Council. I decided I was hap rp a pier working ap f r myself and that I could earn fo r a lot more doing so. Aft rn f er nine years therefo ft f re I resigned fo and started my business as an architect designing and building some 22 buildings, since then at the same time carry r ing out garden design and constru ry r ction. ru In the latter years I have concentrated on the garden design and constru r ction side of my ru business, which I then handed over to my son to continue some fi f ve years ago. I now live with my wife f of two years, in a house I built seven years ago and cultivate many exotic fe species in my two pavilions, which go into my garden in the summer. In travelling widely, y du y, d ring many years, I have a great love of plants and of course garden design of which winning a gold medal at the Southport Flower show in 2016, a very pleasant success.

News of Kewites in 2018 by Pamela Holt and others

Sandra Bell (1980): Having worked at Kew fo f r over 30 years Sandra is now fr f eelancing on biological recordings. She has written articles fo f r Th T e Plants t man notably on ts Rade d rmachera sinica in June 2018 and Th de T e In I de dep epende d nt on Pesticides and harm to bees de March 2018 as spokesman fo f r Friends of the Earth. W lfg Wo f ang Bopp (1992): Aft fg f er 15 years as Curator then Director at the Sir Harold Hillier ft Gardens, Romsey in Hampshire, Wo W lfg f ang was appointed Director of Christchurch fg Botanic Gardens and Parks, New Zealand, on 3rd July 2018. He will take up his new position in the Spring of 2019. Rebecca Bower: 2018 has been anoth t er good year and I’ve had several excellent holidays. th The fi f rst one was at the end of Febru r ary/early March when my sister and I went on an ru Indian Ocean cru r ise, though on a smallish boat of only 100 passengers, so not too big. We ru W started in Mauritius, then via Reunion went to the north-east coast of Madagascar (which we hadn’t visited on our trip to Madagascar in 2016) and continued on through some of the islands of the Seychelles, seeing some great wildlife f both on land and in the sea. fe In May I went to Sicily fo f r a walking holiday on some of the volcanic islands, as well as a coup u le of days on up the slopes of Mount Etna itself. f July saw me in f. Malaysian Borneo on a two week tour of Sabah and Sarawak – I was delighted to see Orangutans not only at a sanctuary but also in the wild – a brilliant experience. I spent three weeks in Botswana in September on a volunteer working holiday. We W were based on the edge of the Okavango Delta and were doing surveys of mammals along various fi f xed transects. I really enj n oyed nj it and on our days off f they took us into Moremi Game ff Reserve and we saw some fa f ntastic wildlife f – I was fe

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342 particularly excited to see wild dogs on three occasions having only seen them once befo f re in fo all my years of going on safa f ri. Also lucky fa enough to see a pangolin – a fi f rst! The fi f nal holiday of the year was a week on Madeira where we did lots of walking, most of which seemed to be steeply uphill or steeply downhill!

and Devon Wi W ldlife f Tr fe Tru rust.

Back in the UK I’ve been busy with my various voluntary activities including continuing as a Tru Tr rustee of th t e Benth t am-Moxon Tr th Tru rust so go back to Kew fo f r its meetings and take th t e opport rtu rt tunity t ty to look around the Gardens - I love the newly restored Temperate House and the splendid dragons on the Pagoda. It was great to go to the Kew Guild Dinner in May too. I retired fr f om th t e Tru Tr rustee Board of Thrive in September aft f er fi ft f ve years serv r ice, and back home in Exeter I’m now rv on the Board of Exeter St James Community Tru Tr rust and volunteer regularly at the Foodb d ank db

So with all that, plus visits to fr f iends and fa f mily, the year has fl f own by and I’m now looking fo f rward to 2019! Jim Emerton: Approaching 70 years, I am busy with the media of articles, interviews and journals. The books have sold in many countries including India and the Lebanon. W lking 15 miles per week, I chat to many people in the community, Wa y and like to keep y, buzzing. My consciousness is a constant stream of creative ideas, which are obj b ectifi bj f ed in fi acceptab a le media. Any Kewites may contact at any time. The essence of life ab f is to live it to fe the fu f ll! Born r with the genetic potential to write, you must embrace life rn f to the fu fe f ll in a profo f und and sensitive way. I have managed to engage my mind and senses in around 60 fo countries and islands on planet earth. Eleven years of study in academia cultivated the discipline to churn out essays, articles and proj o ects. oj Now a specialist writer fo f r Me M nsa, I have benefi f ted fi by stu t dying Roget’s Th tu T esaurus, and the great writers of the past. In my long life f , I have relished writing in fe a prolifi f c stream of diverse sub fi ubj ub bjects, including 16 fo f r M nsa, and my eight books fr Me f om Philosophy to Poetry r to Pigeon racing are read across the world. ry I have had th t e experience of kn k owing, and sometimes living with some great rural characters like Kenzie The Wild Goose Man and Sir Montague, Cocker Smith. We W learn r ed ab rn a out natu t re, rough shooting in all tu its episodes, country r pursuits and wildfo ry f wling on the fo W sh marshes. My book Co Wa C untr try tr ryman tells vivid tales of rough shooting, wildfo f wling, hunting with dogs, fo poaching etc and depicts my passions fo f r people, the great outdoors and lust fo f r life f over many years. The fe book is illustrated by original photos and some beautifu f l natu fu t ral poetry tu r . All original stu ry t ff tu ff, f, I hope you

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343 enj n oy it, as much as I lived it! In part it depicts my exciting adventures in around 60 nj countries and islands of the natural and cultural world. A ghost writer is creating my autobiograp a hy. It will depict my 70 years and reveal the tru ap r th of a colourfu ru f l, diverse and fu interesting life f as country fe r man, pigeon man, traveller, academic and very ry r many interests. ry When released on Amazon etc I do hope you enj n oy it. nj Alex George: This year the Kew Connection fo f r me materialised with a visit of Richard and Wi W ena Wa W rd and their daughter Sparkle in October/ r/N r/ /November. They stayed with me f r a fe fo f w days at the start and end of a W rd and Alex George W rd, Sparkle Wa L to R, Richard Wa two-week trip du d ring which they made a sweeping tour by car through the south-west and goldfi f elds of We fi W stern Australia. Richard brought his metal detector, hoping to fi f nd that elusive nugget, but the only gold they saw was on a visit to the Perth Mint where all the gold mined in the State is processed. While Wiena and Sparkle went to Rottnest Island, just off f Perth, where the ff Quokk k as (small marsup kk u ials) are fr up f iendly towards people, Richard and I wandered around the Botanic Garden in Kings Park. Oth t erw th r ise, mu rw m ch of my year was taken up u with t revising th th t e book We Wes estern r Austr rn t alian Pla tr l nt la N mes and Th Na T eir Me M anings g . The fi gs f rst edition was compiled by our State Librarian, Ali Sharr (as a hobby interest), printed in 1978 and up u dated in 1995, and he asked me to ‘look aft f er’ any fu ft f rther edition. Wi W th research since then in this vast State, hundreds more names have been added, the total now nearing 13,000 taxa (species, sub u species and varieties). It ub has been a fa f scinating exercise tracking them all down and using my kn k owledge of Latin that I studied at school without realising how usefu f l it would become in my botanical fu career. I just wish that I had had the opportu t nity to learn tu r Greek, also the basis of many rn botanical terms and names. Allan Hart (1958): The year started well when I was invited to extend my horticultural/landscape consultancy of a maj a or London square, which I have been aj privileged to be involved with fo f r almost 25 years, having survived several management changes du d ring this period. The new USA President, Donald Tr Tru rump refu f sed to open the new American Embassy in fu V uxhall, alleging that the building was too expensive, a poor design and in the wrong Va location – many of his judgments have been equally incorrect! Profe f ssional work this year has included three garden designs in East Sheen and one in fe T ddington fo Te f r our son Mathew and fa f mily – it goes without saying that this one was Pro Bono! A special event was the launch, at the Garden Museum, of John Sales’ book Sh S ade d s de o Gre of r en – ab re a out his life f as the National Tr fe Tru rust’s Head of Gardens’. Pub u lished by Unicorn ub r rn Press at £25. This is an excellent primer on all aspects of landscape and garden conservation. Surp r risingly it is not on sale at any of the Tr rp Tru rust’s shops! Our old conservatory r has been demolished and we are waiting fo ry f r the new garden room, designed by our son Richard and his wife f , Debbie – who are both architects. We fe W were invited in April (2018) half term to join them and our two grandchildren, Mia and Dylan on a trip to Pembrokeshire where we visited Freshwater We W st – a Harry r Potter location, ry

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344 Tenby and St. David’s – the Cathedral and Bishop’s Palace, which must have been magnifi f cent in their heyday. Cardigan Castle, with the house built in the grounds of the fi partially demolished castle was derelict until beautifu f lly restored through the eff fu ffo ff forts of one man. Llanaechaeron, NT with t its wonderfu th f l kitchen garden and glasshouses, including fu a concrete fr f amed one fr f om the 1950s (?) are in need of restoration. Following on fr f om th t e an a nu n al dinner we took Dennis McGlade, (Hon. Fellow) on a cultu tur tu ural trip to see the Yo Y rkshire Sculptu t re Park, the new Barb tu r ara Hepworth Museum (designed rb by David Chipperfi f eld), and the David Hockn fi k ey Gallery kn r at Saltaire – the model township ry promoted by Titu t s Salt in the late 1800s. Another highlight was the journ tu r ey on the North rn Y rk Moors railway fr Yo f om Pickering to Whitb t y – wonderfu tb f lly restored steam trains and fu rolling stocks. Almost immediately on our retu t rn tu r , Joan and I embarked on a cru r ise along the River Rh ru R ine to celebrate the 60th anniversary r of when we fi ry f rst met. The year ended with a visit to the W ald and Wo We W odland Museum at Singleton, near Chichester – a collection of old buildings of vary r ing ty ry typ ypes, in a very r ru ry rur ural setting – very r atm ry t ospheric an tm a d wort rth rt th re-visiting in warm r er, rm r r, drier weather! Nick Johnson: From Kew’s Glasshouses to Grand Cayman’s Island Life f . Aft fe f er 17 year ft a s at Kew in th ar t e Glasshouses section, my fa f mily and I decided it was time fo f r a change. So, once the Temperate House restoration was fi f nished and the Thai Orchid Festival was done and dusted, I was off ffe ff fered a job with the Queen Elizab a eth ab II Botanic Park in Grand Cayman. Leaving the U.K. was diff ffi ff ficult but the lure of tropical plants in their natural environment, huge bio-diversity and (of course!) sun was diff ffi ff ficult to resist. I started in June 2018 as the Horticultural Manager of the Park. Cayman has only had a botanical institu t te since 1995, so going fr tu f om one of the oldest Botanical collections to one of the newest was very r interesting. The Park ry r The view fr rk f om the gazebo in the colour garden across the lake is still in its infa f ncy but had been set to the palm green fa up by visionary Caymanians, so f cilities such as a Microprop lab, a fa f lly fu fu f nctioning nursery and irrigation throughout the manicured areas had been installed fr f om th t e very r ry start. There are 65 acres to wander through – around 20 acres of gardens and 40 acres of protected seasonally dry fo f rest. The remaining fi f ve acres is a lake that attracts many migratory r ry birds during the winter months. The Park hosts many of Cayman’s endemic species of Orchids, including an inter-situ conservation f ) and Nick Johnson (right) working on the ft r s (left ru John Lawru pollination of Grand Cayman’s endemic Orchid.

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345 collection of the ‘Ghost Orchid’ (D ( endr dro dr rop ophy h lax fa f wcettii). In the fi f rst nine months the small team (seven in total), some new volunteers and I have re-started the micropropagation unit, re-organised the nursery to start propagation protocols of red-listed species and made a host of other changes to the operation of the gardens. Coming to Cayman and taking the reigns of the horticultu t ral operations has fr tu f eed up u the Director (exNiagara Park r s Dip. Hort rk r . and Kew BG Management Dip.), John Lawru rt r s to raise th ru t e money and start work on the much-needed Children’s Garden. This will consist of an open air, covered classroom surrounded by natu t ral play and adventu tu t re areas. This will allow us to tu inspire the next generation of Caymanians about their natural habitats and will help us look fo f r fu f tu tur ure hort r icultu rt tur tu urists to take on th t e increasing challenge of protecting th t is beau a tifu au f l fu island. The classroom is being built as I write this. Kew still pulses through my blood, on my retu t rn tu r to British shores fo f r Christmas we made our fi f rst seed exchange – Cayman’s native palms (including the endemic ‘Silver Thatch Palm’, Co C ccoth t rinax th a pro ax r ctorii) came to Kew and on my retu ro t rn tu r , I brought seed of Vi V ctoria amazonica, which shall make an excellent addition to our waterlily pond. I hope to welcome Kew Guild members here some-day soon. Esme McCulloch: Dear Everyone, just to let you know that I am still alive and a proaching my 102nd birthday, ap y believe it or not. My mind is as active as ever, but my y, legs are no good any more. Being so old someone painted my portrait fo f r a competition a out those over 100 years old. I am promised the pictu ab t re aft tu f er the exhibition fi ft f nishes. I have not yet seen it. I told the artist she can do what she likes but not make me look gru r mpy, ru y because I am of a cheerfu y, f l character. My beloved husband is still alive, too, but fu not quite so fi f t as I am. Gerald and I look back with great pleasure to our courting days in Kew Gardens, when he used to ru r n aft f er the squirrels. But they were too agile. I send my ft blessing to every r one connected with Kew, ry w it is a wonderfu w, f l place. ©Es fu E me Mc Es M Cu C lloch.

M tchell Jim Mi ©Ji ©J

Past President Jim Mitchell (1963) has just started his latest adventure to circumnavigate Australia over the next two years in his new motorh r ome with rh wife f Va fe V lerie. The journey will take him north to Port Douglas befo f re turning west to Darwin fo f llowed by Broome on the north coast, to Perth fo befo f re returning via Adelaide, Melbourne and up fo east coast back to Sydney an expected journ r ey of rn 25000 kilometres. On his way he called in to catch u with up t Gilbert th r Briscoe (1961) fo rt f rm r er deputy t Park ty r s rk Director with Johannesburg Council South Afr f ica fr who is now living in Brisbane.

T evor Preston (1959) and To Tr T ny Kirkham: Seen at RBG Kew on October 30th paying their respects when Bill Matthews’ ashes were interred by his wife f June at the planting of fe a Rehde d ro de r de d ndr dro dr ron macro r carp ro r a in his memory rp r . Bill who died in July was a fo ry f unding fa f ther of the Arb r oricultu rb t ral Association, and Southern tu r Tr rn T ee Surgeons the only tree company to hold the Royal Wa W rrant, and mentor to so many tree people. Leo Pemberton: 90 years old! It has been a strange fe f eling reaching this milestone in my life f especially as my church has the oldest current bellringing person in the country fe r and ry perhap a s the world and he is fi ap f tter than me. He is a 100 years young! I do enj n oy good health and so what does life nj f involve? My garden is greatly redu fe d ced as I du only have 36 m² to look aft f er, within a ru ft r n of 30 metres of wall beds and no lawns and no hedges. I do have a similar area of guerr r illa garden that I have taken over fr rr f om the Local

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346 Authority, y they were non-descript ‘tu y, t mbledown grassed’ tu areas, now these have been fu f lly ap a preciated by the local residents and passers-by. I am an active member of my local Probus club which is currently male only (some clubs are mixed and a fe f w are ladies only). As an organisation it is very r relaxed with fe ry f w requirements fo f r how they operate. I rose through the ranks reaching the pinnacle of Chairm r an and fo rm f llowing that post became the Almoner, which is a busy post as every r one is retired and ry wives of members also fa f ll into the remit of care. There is a strong social element to our activities which is very r ry V ronica, Leo, nice. Leo & children, L to R - Ve Paul, and Claire

For me this year has been very r busy with holidays in Europe starting with a spring visit to ry Crete with my elder daughter, Ve V ronica and her husband David. Ve V ronica is a GP so I have my own medical staff f ! In May I was invited with Ve ff V ronica to the Garten Akadamie (GA) to be their Guest of Honour fo f r the 10th Anniversary celebration - it was lovely to see what a thriving business Gabriella Pape and Isabelle von Groeningen have established opposite the Berlin Botanic Garden. Then in September with Ve V ronica and David and my younger daughter Claire we visited Lake Garda and all the fa f ntastic centres of Ve V nice, V rona and the Dolomites plus the scenery Ve r of the lake. ry At th t e AGM at Wa W kehurst Place I was given a celebratory r cream tea fo ry f r all attendees many, y y, thanks to all concern r ed. In October I fi rn f nally celebrated my birth date with a lunch fo f r my f mily and fr fa f iends at the Anchor Hotel in Shepperton (it used to be the watering hole of the fi f lm stars at the nearb r y Shepperton Stu rb t dios). This was especially nice as my son Paul tu and his Australian fa f mily were ab a le to join us. A week later, an ‘open house’ aft f ern ft r oon tea rn f r 100 local fr fo f iends. Udai C. Pradhan: News fr f om the Himalayas. “Fr “F Fro rom th t e da d rk rke kest nig igh ig ght emerg r es da rg d wn. W must not stop We o try op r ing, ry g g, W must not stop We o hop op o ing, op g g, W must not stop We o pray op a ing, ay g g, W must not stop We o loving, op g g, W must not stop We o teaching, op g learning and becoming aware g, r . re One da day ay we will arrive.” (Quoted fr f om my diary ry, ry y, 27 May 2010) Dear Friends old and new, w w,

Colours of India, Marigold at Sunset

W rm greetings to you and Wa your fa f milies fr f om the Himalayas! On the threshold of my 69th year and the celebration of India’s 69th year of becoming a Repub u lic ub nation, I thought it would be signifi f cant to express my fi f scination fo fa f r the vibrant colours of India whether it be in our culture, dress sense, f od, fl fo f ora or fa f una. From the yellow and orange marigold f owers that are used fo fl f r

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347 almost every important fe f stivals or celebrations to the deep hues of reds that an Indian bride adorn r s in the fo rn f rm of a ‘bindi’ (a red dot at the centre of her fo f rehead denoting her intu t itive power) or vermillion powder in the parting of her hair. tu Saff ffr ff fron indicates courage, selfl f essness and sacrifi fl f ce. Green denotes prosperity, fi y fe y, f rtility and also fa f ith and chivalry r . Colour in India thus has, over time, become synonymous with ry expressions of love, peace, harmony, y fe y, f arlessness, fa f ith and belief. f This appeal fo f. f r our colourfu f l country fu r seeps in to my Orchid hybrids as well as the myriad collection of plant ry species in our collection. In Kalimpong, specially the subtropical to alpine zones have many species which are fu f rther enriched by introdu d ction of species fr du f om South America and many others parts of the world. Some of the vibrant colours of India that inspire my t are the diff ty ffe ff ferent hues of red, orange, Udai with his hybridd creativity g i’s Grace yellow. gn d anara Agn dh Pradh Although the Registration of my Orchid hybrids at the Royal Horticultural Society began in 1978, th t e actu t al hyb tu y ridization start yb r ed rt in 1980. The intensive bouts of Gorkhaland movement took us several years back again in time. Breeding and raising orchids fo f r commercial purp r ose and personal hobby went rp haywire. Eventually, we registered some hybrid Orchids fr f om 1994 onwards. Amongst these was a cross that we named aft f er ft Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Indian Nation, commemorating his 129th birthday and honouring his exemp m lary mp r non-violent civil ry disobedience which brought independence to India and inspired other movements fo f r civil rights and fr f eedom across the world. The scarlet red fl f owers of Ca C ttlianthe ‘M ‘Ma Mahatma Gandh d i’ created fr dh f om hybridizing Ca C ttlianth t e th Roj o o x Ca oj C ttley e a Bob Betts ey t , both American ts hybrids. (According to records, a set of fo f ur rare stamps which portrays Mahatma Gandhi has been auctioned fo f r a whooping £500,000 in U.K.) The other Orchid hybrid aft f er Ca ft C ttlianthe ‘M ‘Ma Mahatma Gandh d i’ was Renades Bharat ki dh S aan (Renanthera imschootiana x Aerides Sh cris isp is spa). ‘Bharat ki k Sh S aan’ translates to ‘Glory r ry of India’. It combines two of the best species k own fr kn f om India - R. imschootiana originating in Nort rth rt th-East India and Aeride des de es cris isp is spa fr f om th t e South. The infl f orescence of this hybrid has fl semi-arching branches which are 45-60 cm long and carrying 40 plus fl f owers which are light yellow in colour heavily overlaid with orange red. In 2016 we registered Pradh d anara Agni’s dh Grace (A ( rachnocentro r n Ti ro Tip ipi Ju J bilee Star x Renanthera imschootiana). It has a profu f sely fu branched semi-erect infl f orescence bearing 85 fl da dr rossandr Cro a ra made of Cr aj ej with a gaj Tej f owers or more. Flowers are fl fl f at, star shap a ed Te ap i is formis ifo if fundibulif nfu nf and a lovely magenta in colour. Hybrid genera inf

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348 Pradhanara commemorates the Pradhan Family of Sikkim and Kalimp m ong so instru mp r mental ru in the horticultu t ral development of the Region. (Refe tu f r to Th fe T e Amazing Pradh d an Clan - a dh d nasty dy t in th ty t e Orc r hid Wo rc W rld l : Orc ld r hids rc d : Vo ds V l.77:3(1 ( 80-189) (1 9 :Ma 9) M rc Ma r h 2008) 8 8) Amongst the other colourfu f l species that we have in our garden is Passif fu ifl if flora coccinea which is native to South America. It is commonly kn k own as Red Passion Flower du d e to its scarlet or deep red fl f owers which appear profu f sely on its vine. The plant parts are fu covered with rufo f us velvety hairs. Cu fo C rc r uma ro r scoeana is another species amongst the very r interesting Ginger Lilies th ry t at grows in our garden. Though th t ey are Burm r ese in origin, rm my fa f ther, Mr. B. N. Pradhan had noticed the rhizomes in a plant catalogue fr f om M/s. Va Vn Tub Tu ubergen, Hemstede, Holland du d ring the 1950s and had ordered fo f r a dozen at the amount of £2/- per bulb! Dad and his cousin soon propagated it and multiplied the numb m er through mb seeds! C. ro r scoeana has large orange coloured bracts which are long lasting (over two months). This species originates fr f om India and S.E. Asian countries and is used fo f r medicine, dy d es an a d spices. In th t e cold places th t ey ar a e grown in conserv r atories. The brillian rv a t an infl f orescence more like a cone in the beginning, has pale yellow but not very fl r signifi ry f cant fi f owers. The seeds can be fo fl f und at the base of the bracts. My acqu q aintance with qu t Cr th Cro rossandr d a inf dr nfu nf fundi d bulif di ifo if form r is i also kn k own as fi f recrackers, a memb m er mb of the Apocynaceae fa f mily, y went back to late 1950s when my fa y, f ther and my cousin were already buying seeds fr f om South Indian growers to export them. It was du d ring my recent visits to the CMC (Christian Medical College) Hospital in Ve V llore, South India, fo f r my routine medical check-up u s that I was once again re-introdu up d ced to the species. The deep du orange fl f owers are off ffe ff fered in temples du d ring pooj o a ritu oj t als or du tu d ring auspicious fu f nctions such as marriages etc. The attractive fl f owers are also stitched into long garlands called ‘Gaj a ras’ and are religiously worn by South Indian ladies on their hair as a part of their aj daily adorn r ment. There are now other variations of red, yellow, rn w purp w, r le and white but the rp ffr ff fron is the choicest. f er cleaning orange-saff ft f re and aft fo The rivulet, befo V sitors fr Vi f om all parts of the world keep dropping by each year to see our collection of plants and it gives us the deepest sense of satisfa f ction and joy! Besides, fa plants have played a cru r cial role in helping us estab ru a lish ab connections, bonds and experiences that have enriched our lives tremendously. I would like to relate an anecdote here that takes us back to 1998 when Past President of the Rotary Club of Kew Gardens, Rtn. Richard Wa W rd (An Ex-Kewite and also the past editor of The Kew Guild Journ r al) had visited our home with rn his wife f Wiena and his daughters Sparkle and fe Alexandra. (Sparkle is the present editor of the Journ r al). They had hosted Hemlata (our daughter) and rn were her local guardians during her botanical art training at Kew. Alexandra and Sparkle it seems were f scinated by the scenic views and thrilled by the fa hidden nooks and corners of the half an acre garden that we looked aft f er but were deeply saddened by the ft plight of a rivulet (originally named ‘Ghattay Kh K ola’) which ran just beside our garden. (This rivulet becomes enormous during monsoons with a sound that can be almost deafe f ning!). Sparkle and Alexandra told us one fe day that they had plans to clean the rivulet! And tru r e to ru their word, they worked hard towards it and the stream soon had no garbage! It was a practical educative

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349 demonstration not just fo f r us but also the other local people fr f om our village who had gathered around to watch them! Several years down the line, we still carry on with the cleaning and maintaining of this stream which people use fo f r drinking and other purp r oses. rp W are never too young nor too old to exchange and imbibe kn We k owledge and experiences like this! In 2003, Tej e and I had attended the Third Confe ej f rence of the Orchid Specialist Group, fe IUCN / SSC in Pokhara, Nepal du d ring which we had had an opportu t nity to meet a very tu r ry distinguished American Orchid grower, Dr. Martin R. Motes. He is an exceptional breeder who also was well versed in English literatu t re. He is also a Senior Judge in the American tu Orchid Society and had later guided us during the fi f rst fo f rmal judging of The Orchid Society of India (TOSI). He had brought excellent cut-fl f owers of Va fl V nda hybrids fo f r the exhibit but what was even more fa f scinating fo f r me was the fa f ct that he had named one of his hybrids Va V nda d x Arj da r una (Va rj V nda Va d ‘M da ‘Mi Mini Palmer’ x V. tessellata) aft f er the hero of the ft Bhagavad Gita, one of the greatest Hindu d sacred text originally written in Sanskrit that du f rms part of “Mahab fo a harata”, a larger epic. It is a book very ab r dear to my heart. It teaches ry you to un u derstan a d th an t e mysteries of life f an fe a d to accept your u destiny. While tour ur u ing in Pokh ur k ar kh aa with my collegues, we came across a well kn k own temple where I was enthused to recite a verse fr f om the Gita, “H “He He who of off ffe fers r to me with t de th d votion only l a leaf ly af. af f ..” Martin quickly f llowed by saying “or a fl fo f ower, r or a fr r, f uit, t or even a little water, t, r this I accep r, e t of ep o that yearning soul, l because with l, t a pure th r heart it was of re off ffe fere r d with t love.” (Bhagavad Gita 9:82, th translation by Juan Mascaro). My surprise knew no bounds when he completed the sentence! Here was a soul with whom we bonded in beliefs f , philosophies as well as fs Orchids! While parting ways, Martin presented me a book, Va V nda d s: Th da T eir Bota t ny ta ny, y, Hi His istory ry, ry y, and Cu C lture r with re t a note: “Ud th Uda Ud dai, i I hop o e th op t is i fu f rth t ers th r your kn rs k owledg d e of dg o th t e genus.” Mart r in, rt Pokhara, April 17, 2003. Every r meeting with people has been an eye opener, there are values and lessons learn ry r ed rn and imbibed, new kn k owledge discovered and put into practice. In a democratic repub u lic ub like India we have taken science and technology, y agricultu y, t re, medicines and so on to new tu levels. But doubtfu f l questions arise as to the state of our environment and our natural fu heritage. Te Tej ej and I have a fa f vourite quote “little dr dro rop ops of o water, r tiny r, n gr ny g ains of o sand, d make d, k s ke t e mig th igh ig ghty t ocean and th t e pleasant land. d ..”, We d. W believe that every r little goes a long way ry and so we have been sharing not just our knowledge in plants but also our ideas fo f ra greener and healthier space with the younger generation, beginning with our own fa f mily, y y, villages an a d commu mun mu unity t so th ty t at th t ey can a incorp an r orate an rp a d take fu fur urt rth ther positive steps towards a greener and healthier state of the environment. Y ung stu Yo t dents and children (even as young as six or seven years old) have come fo tu f rward to help us with our ventu t res. Hemlata’s Natu tu t ral tu History Art School provides a wonderfu f l and fu practical pedestal to share and imbibe these k owledge and ideas too. Vi kn V siting tu t tors fr f om all over India come to the school each year to share their kn k owledge not only in Natu t ral History tu r Art ry but also their practical experiences in salvaging plants, animals, their rehabilitation etc. The children have now begun to practice what they have imbibed and in the past fe f w years we have seen positive changes taking place around us. Besides many students fr f om other parts of the country r come to the art school as well and they ry have been instru r mental in carry ru r ing fo ry f rward this i is o sis op Aachuk hybridising Phalaenop message.

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At the home fr f ont, Aachuk, our eldest grandson has been showing a deep interest in carrying fo f rward our aspirations and dreams. He completed Class 12 (equivalent to A levels) this year fr f om Dr. Graham’s Homes, Kalimpong and received admissions at the D.A.V. V College (Dayanand Anglo V. V dic College) under Punj Ve n ab nj University where he is specialising in Botany. In the meanwhile, during his three months interim between school and college, he took up u Orchid stu t dies tu at home selecting unique species and hybrids, crossing and recording them f iends going through Hemlata’s painting off and also volunteering his time at the Hari Jans and fr t e masuca th C lanth Ca nursery. His fa f scination and concern f r Orchids and the natural world is growing steadily and we hope to one day see him fo sharing his kn k owledge and experiences with the world too! On 05.07.18 Alister my son-in-law (who runs Nature Himalayas, a botanical tour company) brought his guests Hari Jans and fr f iends to our place fo f r tea. Hari is a member of the Alpine Garden Society which has ap a proximately 9000 members worldwide and is a fo f under member and President (fr f om 2000-2006) of the Dutch Rock Garden Society fr (“Nederlandse Rotsplanten Ve V reniging” (N.R.V. V ). As a tour leader and organizer he has V. organized botanical trips to China, Czech Republic, Sweden, Germany, Italy, Peru, Ecuador, Argentina, Iran, Sikkim (India) and a fe f w other countries. His keen interest in exchanging info f rmation and experiences made our day a fr fo f uitfu f l one! Hemlata got an fu opportunity to share her botanical artworks with them while Sanj n ivini (our youngest nj daughter) also exhibited her jewellery r inspired by Orchids and other plants to the group ry u . up The eventfu f l year ended with fu t a wonderfu th f l sur fu urp ur rprise fr f om Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker’s fa f mily Lucy and Gordon who sent us a parcel containing a book “In th t e fo f otsteps ofJ f oseph Dalton fJ Hooker - A Sikk k im adventu kk t re” au tu a tograp a hed by Seamus O’Brien! Lucy, ap y Gordon and fa y, f mily had written “I “ hop o e you enj op n oy nj o re r ading th t is i . It I has photogr g ap gr a hs of o many n of ny o th t e places th t at we vis i ited so brings is g back wonde gs d rf de rfu ful memories fo f r us.” Some years back, my brother, Dr. Suraj a Chandra Pradhan, Ex-Director Health Services, aj Govern r ment of Sikkim, with whom I used to exchange reading matters, introdu rn d ced me to du a wonderfu f l author, Pat Schneider, whose book “Wr fu W ite alone and with Others” inspired Wr and motivated me to pour my thoughts, fe f elings and emotions into diaries. Many of them were addressed to Pat who became my confi f dential “pen fr fi f iend” and with whom I could confi f de anything under the sun. On the threshold of 70 years, I am still carr fi rry rr rying on with my passion fo f r breeding Orchids, meeting new people fr f om all over the world and exchanging kn k owledge, thoughts, ideas and rich experiences which I keep writing ab a out. On 04.02.2013 I told Pat “Thank you fo f r inspiring us Pat and keeping us sane and I hope someday, y when the next generation open and read these diaries, they will fi y, f nd some things that might in some way help them to fi f nd themselves.” W conclude this note with our heartfe We f lt thanks to all our fr fe f iends around the world with our prayers: “L “ ord r let th rd t e benef efi ef fits t of o all our good work rk, rk k, pray a ers ay r and meditations go fo rs f r the wellbeing and enlig i htenment of ig o all living beings g in this Un gs U ivers r e.” (My Diary rs 18.02.2001).

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351 Anthony (To T ny) Rose: I am still in Liverp To r ool and in busy retirement living in the house rp I built some eight years ago. In the last fe f w years I have been, amongst other things, an artist painting in oils on canvas. I have some 70 paintings to my name now. I still assist my son occasionally with garden designs fo f r Rose Gardens, which I started but he ru r ns now. I also became an architect and have some 30 buildings I have designed and built. In 2016 I designed and helped my son build a show garden at the Southport Flower Show f r which we got a gold medal. I am fi fo f lling you in on my past history r as so much time has ry passed. Doesn’t time pass quickly as you get older. Its a bit like ru r nning downhill. I got married in January r 2017 in Anguilla to my lovely wife ry f Sue. Later in the year I built fe a hot house and a conservatory r at the bottom of my garden to take all the exotic plants I ry have acquired in the last coup u le of years. It is great fu up f n and keeps me well occup u ied. up It was wonderfu f l to attend th fu t e Kew Guild dinner du d ring summer 2018 and meet old fr f iends f om my Kew days. When you look back, doesn’t time seem to have fl fr f own by. I have just comp m leted th mp t e design fo f r a show gar a den at th ar t e 2019 South thp th hport r Flower show in Ju rt J ly/ y/A y/ /August. The last time Rose Gardens did this was a gold medal garden in the summer of 2016. The summer of this year was fa f ntastic fo f r all the exotic plants I had in my Garden thriving in the warmth and long summer days, a collection of more than 200 pots. W ena, Chris, Richardd Meeting at Albany - L to R - Steve, Wi and Sparkle

Richard Ward: On 6th August 2017 Guild Past President Alex George, fr f om Perth; Julia and Clive Popham fr f om Mansfi f eld, Vi fi V ctoria, Australia, and the W rd fa Wa f mily fr f om Kew had dinner together in Kew. They all shook on an agreement to meet up again, in Perth, during 2018. And so it came to pass. Unfo f rtunately Clive was a bit under the fo weather, so he and Julia were unable to make it in early November, but we drank a toast to them at Alex’s house on 6th!

For our part we fl f ew Heathrow to Perth direct, in late October, fo f r 16 hours on the Dreamliner, and hired a car fo f r two weeks. We W stayed with Alex fo f r a coup u le of days and up enj n oyed home grown mulberr nj r ies, honey and stone ground bread fo rr f r breakfa f sts! Kings Park fa r rk and th t e Botanic Garden were a highlight, part r icularly du rt d e to Alex’s historical and botanical knowledge. Then it was 12 days touring; fi f rst southwards through Margaret River vineyards and Eucalyp y tu yp t s fo f rests - and Denmark r to Albany where we had arr rk r anged to have rr a coff ffe ff fee with ex Kew Director Steve Hopper and his wife f Chris. fe k ia, in Kalbarri National Park ks Richard amongst banks

Through Fitzgerald National Parkmarvellous sea and hill views – to Esperance were highlights; then a long d ive to th dr t e goldfi f elds of Kalgoorlie where fi we toured the ’sup u erp up r it’ working open pit rp gold mine. To T south of Menzies two days later where we did a little gold prospecting with our metal detector - but it was rather hot an a d man a y fl an f ies - an a d we only fo f un u d old beer cans! Sandstone (pop.110) enj n oyed a goldrush nj

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352 in 1894 and is now little more than a hotel in a very quiet town, but quaint. So on we travelled on through Mount Magnet to Kalbarri on the coast fo f r a coup u le of days, befo up f re fo driving South back to Perth and a coup u le of more days with Alex George. We up W visited the Perth mint. Wo W uld you believe it I am worth ab a out £1.75 million by weight in gold! We W thank The Hoppers and Alex fo f r extending the hand of fr f iendship in their country r to fe ry f llow ex-Kewites. We W ’ll be back! Presidency of the Rotary r Club ry u of Kew Gardens in July has ub made fo f r a busy time this year. John Whitehead: The highs and lows of 2018 began with a loss of £10 each way, y on Kew y, Gardens in the Grand National with a potential gain of £90, which was my fi f rst and fi f nal visit inside a betting shop. Then came Royal Ascot and Kew Gardens won the race and again in June the horse came in fi f rst at the English St Ledger. A high time was climbing Snowdon, which is 10 miles away fr f om home. It took three hours in June to walk up u to the 1,085 metres (3,560 ft f ) summit where I was meeting the Queen of the genus Roscoea, Jill Cowley, y with fl y, f ash backs of hap a py memories potting up ap u rare plants in the nursery r at Kew in 1970. Jill eventu ry t ally arrived at the top of Snowdon by tu train with her party fr f om the Malvern r Natu rn t ral History tu r Society. ry A highlight fo f r Brenda was a treat of fo f ur star hotels when we travelled as tourists to see the wonderfu f l Ta fu Taj aj Mahal but a low point was in the Ranthambore National Park where we f iled to see tigers. fa On a visit to the colourfu f l Greek Island of Scopelos, we fo fu f llowed the tourist trail to the movie fi f lm location of Mamma Mia where the idyllic location fo f r the wedding was fi f lmed in the Church high up u on an impressive rock stack in the sea on the wild north coast. Next to the church entrance is a fi f ne specimen of a single tru r nk olive tree adorn ru r ed with small rn gift f s of good luck and prayer messages. ft Our plant exploration in October was fo f r th t ree weeks in Sichuan and Tibet. Near Nyingchi, we measured the largest tree in Tibet, Cu Cup upre r ssus gig i antea with a girth of 20 metres at the ig base. In the autumn, the southeastern Himalayan mountain range was dominated by a golden glow of birch and poplar fo f rests, especially with spectacular views doub u ling the ub colourfu f l display in refl fu f ections at Ranwu Lake, south east of Bomi. Fab fl a ulous alpine blue ab tru tr rump m et gentian a s were in fl an f ower near a th ar t e highest pass of Mila moun u tain on our un u way ur a towar ay a ds ar Lhasa. Our ultimate high was surviving a night at Everest Base Camp at 5,200 metres (17,060 f ). A fi ft f nal high to the year was in December having a cataract eye operation and now I can read my lap a top without glasses. Brilliant! ©J ap ©Jo John Wh W itehead A much travelled plants t man who celebrated his 75th birthda ts day da ay on the Gre r ek island of re o Cep e halonia in Ju ep J ly l 2018. Jo J hn enj n oy nj o ed his fi f rs r t sig i hting of ig o two of o the island`s sp s ecial plants t Abies cep ts e halonica and Vi ep V ola cep e halonica. Read more ep r about his re i tr is t avels l in th ls t e RHS H HS mag aga ag gaz azine Th T e Gard rde rd den Ja J nuary r 2019 where ry r honorary re r member Roy ry o Lancaster (2 oy ( 012) 2 writes 2) e es about “P “ ostcard rds rd ds fr fro rom a fr f iend”. - Pamela Ho H lt. Keith Wo W olliams Wa W imea Va V lley dedication, by Akiko Wo W olliams: On 12 Oct 2018, W imea Va Wa V lley on Oahu’s North Shore in Hawaii held a ceremony dedicating all of the botanical gardens to my husband, Keith Wo W olliams. He trained at Kew fr f om 1961-1963, condu d cted what fe du f llow Kewite John Wo W odhams called the “Giles/Wo W olliams Expedition Wo Collection 1963” in Borneo and served as the Director of Wa W imea Arboretum and Botan a ical Gar an a dens fr ar f om 1980-1998. In 1974, Keith t began th a to plan an a th an t e gar a den’s development ar as a rescue centre fo f r tropical and sub u tropical rare and endangered plants and based his ub

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mission on the IUCN Red Data Book throughout the years. Since then, it has grown to house a collection of 5,000+ taxa, including almost 200 Endangered Species. Our fa f mily was really humbled by this honour and are so pleased to see the current staff f led by his ff trainees preserve his vision and the meticulous accession record system he estab a lished to sup ab u port up botanical research. We W hope everyone will enj n oy the above nj picture, and if anyone would like to learn more about this event, they can read Wa W imea Va V lley’s article on page 6 of the 7 Nov 2018 edition of the N rth Sh No S ore r Ne re N ws w or at http t s:// woolliams-th t e-director-ofth f waimea-arb fr oretu rb t m-and-botanical-garden-1974-1998/. Ed tu E - Please f om the U.K., Japan, Oregon f mily fr My fa and Hawaii were together at this ceremony

contact th t e Ke K w Guild l Ed ld E itor if if you would l like ld k to view a cop ke opy op py of o th t e orig i inal article. ig


Kindly compiled by Graham Burgess Margaret Benham 31st January 1923 - 11th September 2017 Margaret passed away in her own home on September 11th 2017, aged 94. She was one of the oldest named in the Guild Journ r al, having started at Kew in August of 1944. She rn always talked enthusiastically ab a out her time at Kew and although she was unab a le to carr ab rry rr ry out much physical work herself in the latter years, she kept her garden looking in top condition right to the end with the help of a weekly gardener plus fa f mily and fr f iends. The Kew Guild Journ r al is fu rn f ll of history r and Margaret Benham came to Kew fr ry f om Stu t dley tu Hort r icultu rt tur tu ural College. She came with t Nan th a cy Ry an R mer, r a close fr r, f iend an a d th t ey were emp m loyed mp as women gardeners. Only men were accepted as students then. Most of the men there then were either conscientious obj b ectors or unfi bj f t fo fi f r military r service. ry It was a bossy world and their entrance each day was checked at the gates and if they were late their wages were debited. Wo W rkers were given the clogs that still remain symbolically as part of the clog and ap a ron race. Aft f er three months she went to work in Plant House 1, near the entrance to Kew Green. ft The tropical plants ideally needed a temperatu t re of 80 degrees Fahrenheit but du tu d e to post war coke-rationing they stru r ggled with a limit of 60 degrees. Cockroaches were prolifi ru fc fi and part of Margaret’s job was catching them ready fo f r Mr. Stenning to collect. Margaret and Nancy moved into an attic fl f at. Margaret left f Kew to become a School Gardening Advisor with The Birmingham ft Edu d cation Committee. Her dear fr du f iend Nancy went to Denmark r then Canada but they kept rk in touch over the years. If you want to learn r more look at News of Kewites fr rn f om Home and Abroad in the 1995 Journ r al. Alan J. Letch, her son, advised us of the passing of his rn Mother and we send our condolences to him and fa f mily.

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354 Michael John Blakenham (2nd Vi V scount Blakenham) 25th January 1938 – 8th January 2018 Michael was born r 25.1.1938 and passed away 8.1.2018 in The Royal Marsden Hospital. rn So much of what we have inherited depends on the commitment to conservation ap a plied by caring people. John was such a man. In 1965 he married Marcia Persephone Hare and they had a son and two daughters. Eight grandchildren also carry r his genetic inheritance. ry He was son of a Conservative politician John Hare and Bery r l ry Nancy Pearson and he joined the fa f mily fi f rm, Pearson plc, in 1977. Between 1978 and 1983 he became Managing Director and 1983-93 he was Chief Executive. It was a career built on f nancial skills and between 1984 and 1993 he was Chairman fi of Th T e Fi F nancial Ti T mes. They developed The Blakenham Wo W odland Garden and he was between 1981 and 1986 Chairman of The Royal Society fo f r Protection of Birds.1986-1990 he was a member of the Natu t re tu Conservation Council. Between 1984-1988 he served on The House of Lords Committee on Science and Te T chnology. He was also President of The Sussex Wi W ldlife f Tr fe Tru rust. So committed involvement on many levels and this led to his linking with Kew. He was on the board of tru r stees fr ru f om 1991 and in 1997 he became Chairman. Sustainab a ility is a ab key fo f cus now but he served on The House of Lords committee on Sustainable Development 1994-1995. His fi f nancial skills linked to science, natu t re and people at all tu levels. So yes he personally gave thanks to Sir David Attenborough and sharing time and space with Kewites at all levels. We W send our condolences to all his fa f mily. John Andrew Brookes 11th October 1933 – 16th March 2018 I fi f rst came across John Brookes when I purchased a copy of his inspirational fi f rst book ‘Room Outside – A New Approach to Garden Design’ pub u lished in 1969. I thought at the ub time that anyone who looked as ‘cool’ as the young James Dean and Chet Baker – the W st Coast modern jazz trumpeter, must be in the vanguard of innovative landscape We design. John was a visionar ary ar ry an a d pioneer of th t e principle th t at gar a dens should primar ar a ily be designed ar f r people and not plants. He could be scath fo t ing ab th a out th t e RHS way of th t inking – i.e. bigger f ower is better and fi fl f ddly/diddly horticulture, prefe f rring a controlled anarchy. He was fe heavily infl f uenced by the American landscape architect Thomas Church’s ‘Califo fl f rnian fo Style’ of garden design, who promoted the idea that a garden should be viewed fr f om one of the houses of the room and refl f ect the owner’s personality. fl In an interview in 2017 he summed up u his design credo ‘I like to be bold and simple, with comfo f rtable spaces, well detailed and constructed, then heavily overlaid with plant fo material. I would like to hear ‘that is handsome’ rather than ‘that is pretty’. His strong opinions regarded Flower Shows as being vehicles fo f r selling plants, and television gardening programmes as being terr r ifi rr f ed of anything with intellectu fi t al content. tu John obtained a diploma in Landscap a e Design at University College, London, and worked ap with Dame Sylvia Crowe and Brenda Colvin and the Arc r hitectural Desig rc ign ig gn Magazine. He

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355 was infl f uenced by modern artists such as Piet Mondrian and this was refl fl f ected by his fl design fo f r the Penguin Books headquarters, infl f uenced by the fo fl f rm of the building. John also had his disap a pointments. His design in 1965 fo ap f r the re-modeling of Bry r anston ry Square was homage to another hero, the Brazilian artist, plant collector and landscape designer, r Robert r, r o Bur rt u le Mar ur arx ar rx – intr t odu tr d cing swirling geometr du t ic fo tr f rm r s to refl f ect th fl t e ab a sence of sunlight in the Square, with the only fl f owers fl f ourishing at the margins. He fo f rmed moun u ds using pulverised fu un f el ash, at th t at time a most innovative material. To T day ay, ay y, th t e design can be seen as one of the boldest modern r ist interventions in a traditional city space, and rn as Brooke’s purest homage to Burle Marx. Regrettab a ly, ab y th y, t e garden committee later decided to straighten our paths – an act of outrageous vandalism. John’s career included the Directorship of the Inchbald School of Garden Design and then as Director of the School in Te T hran. He was Principle Lecturer at Kew School of Garden Design 1990-1993 and Chair of the Society of Garden Designers 1997-2000. He was ap a pointed MBE 2004 and won the Garden Media Guild Life f time Achievement in 2011. fe John was particularly pleased to receive a Kew Honorary r Fellowship Aw ry A ard in 2008 and this was prominently displayed at the retrospective exhibition of his life f time’s work at the fe Garden Museum in 2018. John was unmarried. He leaves an outstanding legacy in his teaching and gardens throughout the world. John Brookes, born in Durham on 11th October 1933, died on 16th March 2018. - Allan Hart. Geoff ff. ff f. E. Collins - 2010 Geoff f Collins entered Kew in September 1953 fr ff f om The Kent Horticultu t ral Institu tu t te. He tu had previously been an Improver at Kew. George Brown was the lecturer there who encouraged many others; John Sales, Ian Beyer, Leo Pemberton, To T m Wo W ods, John Gaggini, Ron Ru R le, John Hale and probab a ly all du ab d e to the principal, who had ap a pointed George, Wi W lfr f ed Corb fr r ett. rb He soon became involved in community enrichment as a stu t dent. This included him being tu deeply involved in The Mutual Improvement Society. On January 25th 1954 he gave a lectu t re on Alpine plants in natu tu t re at a time when it was very tu r early fo ry f r colour pictu t res and tu transparencies. He was also very r fi ry f t and was a winner in various races. This included The Round the Gardens Race (Leo Pemberton was in the team); The John Innes Relay Race; The Cambridge Relay Race; and The Kew to Wisley Relay Race. In 1954 The Kew Christian Union was fo f rmed at Kew with fo f rtnightly meetings on We W dnesdays. In September 1955 he left f Kew and went to Marh ft r eaton Park, Derb rh r y. Then in 1957 onto rb T esco Gardens on the Isles of Scilly as Head Gardener, still ap Tr a plying practical skills and also what he gained as a part of his National Diploma in Horticultu t re. The spiritu tu t al fo tu f cus remained and he used to sail in a small boat on Sundays to help at the Bap a tist Church on ap the island of Bry r her. In 1959 he moved to Birm ry r ingham as Curator at the Botanical Garden. rm He became an Anglican Diocesan Lay Reader. Sup u posedly to live in a cleaner environment he moved up up u to Scotland where he carr r ied rr out hard physical work as fo f reman at the RBG Annex Garden at Benmore, Argyllshire. He went on to work fo f r The National Tr Tru rust fo f r Scotland at Inverewe. Aft f er ten years, in ft 1972 he came back south to Hampton Court to teach ap a prentices as part of their three year lectu t re programme. He still did weekly bible teaching in the lunch hour. He was ordained tu as a Minister of The Free Church of England and retired partially so he could help look aft f er a church at Farn ft r ham. rn

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Full retirement saw Geoff f and his wife ff f fe Margaret in a poor predicament, they had had tied houses or rented accommodation fo f r th t eir entire work r ing rk lives, and now had no house to call th t eir own. They realised they had little enough money to buy anything, but f und a very fo r cheap ry a very ap r small house, a ry middle house in a small terrace in the middle of a fi f eld, at the top end of the Isle of Sky k e. Scotland had called them ky back. It was rare to fi f nd a house sold out of the fa f mily circle, typical of Geoff f to ff f nd it, but with fi t in a fe th f w year a s th ar t e houses either side were up u fo f r sale too, and his son and daughter bought them. There was nothing in the garden but rough grass, and fi f ve acres of it, and it was exposed to every r ry wind.

f and Margaret Collins, in their last garden on the Isle off ff Geoff k e, with Stephen Butler (R) ky Sky

W th his experience of Inverewe Geoff Wi f soon had a good collection of plants estab ff a lished, ab much to every r one’s surp ry r rise but his. He reckoned it was actu rp t ally a degree or two warmer tu there than Inverewe, just a tad. Wi W th his wife f Margaret he created a lovely garden and of fe course also helped there with church services. Geoff f was a dedicated plantsman and a ff great encourager of young gardeners all his life f . Such a rich mixtu fe t re of kn tu k owledge and spiritual care. He passed away in 2010 and his wife f Margaret passed in March 2018. fe Thanks to Stephen Butler (who got to kn k ow Geoff f at Hampton Court). ff Janet (Jan) Collins 1944 - 9th June 2018 Janet (Jan) Collins came to Kew in 1992, work r ing in th rk t e Vi V ctoria Gate shop un u til becoming t e Garden Receptionist in th th t e Administr t ation building on Kew Green until her retirement. tr T many, To y Jan was the fi y, f rst person to greet you with her charming smile up u on entering the building and fo f r many others telephoning Kew or Wa W kehurst she was the “voice” of Kew as she eff ffi ff ficiently dealt with every r call coming into the Gardens’ switch board. A fa ry f vourite story she loved telling related to the early days when the fl f owering of the Titan Aru r m, ru Amorp r hop rp o hallus tita op t num, in th ta t e Princess of Wa W les Conserv r atory rv r was an intern ry r ational news rn story r . Not only did she have to say the name to each telephone caller but dealing with their ry constant stream of calls was an incredibly hectic time. Jan was delighted to meet and be photograp a hed with David Attenborough when fi ap f lming a piece ab a out this amazing plant. In retirement Jan was diagnosed with breast cancer and recovering fr f om surgery r saw a poster promoting Breast Cancer ry Survivor (BCS) dragon boating, which intrigued her as to whether she could join a team called Pink Champagne. This became possible and over the next nine years Jan became a paddler and the team’s dru r mmer in this amazing sport, travelling ru to many venues around the world with David Hardman her partner. In 2013, whilst in their Spanish home on La Manga aft f er ft the Kew Guild visit to Andalucía with David she had a vision to start a BCS dragon boat team in the area of the Mar Menor in Murcia and so started Jan’s dream. Aft f er meeting numerous ft people Jan eventu t ally fo tu f und someone who was prepared to help and so began the process to make her dream become a reality. In

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357 2014 Jan encouraged Pink Champagne to Spain and race at an Intern r ational Dragon Boat rn Festival in San Pedro del Pinatar. Subsequently in 2016 as an integral part of the corresponding fe f stival a confe f rence was arranged there to encourage ladies recovering fe f om breast cancer to consider fo fr f rming a BCS team. Over the next week enough brave ladies came fo f rward and Flamenco Rosa (Pink Flamingo) the fi f rst BCS dragon boat team in Spain was born r with Jan encouraging them to greater things. rn However, Jan’s ultimate dream was even greater so that in 2018 a Spanish team would participate in Florence at the largest Intern r ational BCS dragon boat event held every rn r fo ry f ur years. Wo W rking with fr f iends this was achieved defy f ing what Jan had been told in Sarasota, fy USA fo f ur years earlier, that the likelihood of there being BCS dragon boating in Spain was almost impossible. Jan was an inspirational lady who always off ffe ff fered encouragement and remained positive despite her own health challenges fo f llowing the retu t rn tu r of cancer in September 2016. Sadly Jan did not live to see her team race in Florence but the spirit of this amazing lady was with them and lives on in the hearts of all her many Spanish fr f iends.

Jan with David at Kew Guild AGM

In October 2018 Jan’s achievements in Spain were recognised and celebrated in To T rreviej ea ej where the annual Pan-Continental Dragon Boat Festival was re-named in her honour and at which f ve Spanish BCS teams part fi r icipated. Jan’s dr rt d eam keeps fl f ourishing and at present there are seven teams and more on the horizon. Jan’s legacy is enormous and continues to grow through her f iends in England who are estab fr a lishing the fi ab f rst all cancer survivors dragon boat team - Bourne W ter Dragons, based near Bourn Wa r emouth. rn

Kew Guild members will have seen Jan with David enj n oying the many diff nj ffe ff ferent Guild visits. Jan was always fu f n to be with and with her endearing smile her fr f iendship fo f llowed natu t rally to all who were fo tu f rtu t nate to kn tu k ow her and call her their fr f iend. Jan spent the last fe f w months at home sup u ported by her loving partner, son, two dau up a ghters, au two grandchildren, and many fr f iends until on a sunny June aft f ern ft r oon with fa rn f mily at her bedside she gave a fi f nal endearing smile and peacefu f lly slipped away. She will never be fu f rgotten having touched the hearts of so many people with her love and encouragement fo to improve their lives. - David Hardman Gerry Cook 1938 - 2018 Gerr rry rr ry was born r at Ashton-under-Ly rn L ne in 1938. Even befo Ly f re he left fo f school he was growing ft and selling plants. At 16 he started work at Ashton Parks Department befo f re starting his fo training at Kew Gardens in 1960, where we fi f rst met. We W both then went on to The Grotto. The Institu t te of Park tu r & Recreation Administration Tr rk T aining College, at Goring on Thames in January 1963. I remember going over to Gerry’s mother’s home in Ashton, staying overn r ight and then leaving in his little Mini to travel down to Oxfo rn f rdshire in heavy snows, fo quite some journ r ey and no motorw rn r ays in those days! There would only be ab rw a out a dozen stu t dents on the course, which was based in a large house, at the side of The Thames. We tu W lived, had our lectures and did our plan-drawing all within the same building, doing maintenance in the grounds, as so called management training experience.

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358 In 1964 whilst working in Sheff ffi ff field Park, living in digs and travelling back home at weekends over the Snake Pass in all weathers, he met Audrey at the Bolton Palais on one of his weekends at home. When his fa f ther died Gerry r moved back and Audrey was also ry working in Bolton and they used to meet fo f r lunch during the week and she usually received a fl f ower fr f om a grave! They were marr r ied in August 1968, lived in Ashton-underrr L ne, working at Bolton Parks. Ly By then Gerry r had moved to work fo ry f r Lancashire County Council, working in Preston, but a year later on the move again when they moved to Glamorgan. Gerry r worked fo ry f r the County Council and lived at Dinas Powys. Later he moved to a new post at Swansea, living in Sketty. Befo f re looking fo fo f rward to retirement they moved to Llanrhidian and a bungalow with a large garden. He got deeply involved with Margan park aft f er the council ft bought it an a d lan a dscap an a ing aroun ap u d th un t e new Coun u ty un t Hall. He greatly enriched th t e commu mun mu unity t ty with lots of tree planting. In retirement they enj n oyed their garden. In 1989 it won the FW Harris Cup nj u fo up f r the best garden in Swansea and Gower. Still active he retu t rn tu r ed to work teaching various sub ubj ub bjects to adults and also worked with handicapped youngsters at various centres. Then health problems came along and the most diff ffi ff ficult thing fo f r him was not being ab a le to take his beloved dog fo f r long walks. He spent most of his last twelve months in various hospitals, the fi f nal two months being in Ty T Vi V ctoria Nursing Home where he received 24 hour care. He was an accomplished pianist and a jazz fa f natic and a great chap a to kn ap k ow. He is missed by so many, y especially Audrey. - Maurice E. Baren. y, Derek Edwards 1945 - 2018 Sadly Derek lost his brave fi f ght to the eff ffe ff fects of Parkinson’s Disease in March 2018. Aft f er ft stu t dying at the We tu W lsh College of Horticultu t re du tu d ring the 1960s, he went on to manage a large garden nursery r in Cardiff ry ff. ff f. In the early 1970s he moved to Portu t gal with his young tu f mily an fa a d was instr tru tr rumental in th t e design an a d installation of irr r igation systems to a nu rr n mb m er of larg r e golf course developments, tourism being in early infa rg f ncy at th fa t at time. On retu t rn tu r ing to the United Kingdom, he continued designing irr r igation systems fo rr f r crop produ d ction and du recreational proj o ects across Europe, the Middle and Far East. He then became involved oj with the produ d ction of purp du r ose-grown tu rp t rf and in 1985 estab a lished his own company in ab East Yo Y rkshire. He was extremely proud that his twin sons fo f llowed in his fo f otsteps and studied horticultu t re, joining the company and taking over the total management as Derek’s health tu began to fa f de, both boys continue to operate and expand the business. Derek was a wellk own and much respected fi kn f gure throughout the horticultu t ral indu tu d stry du r and pioneered a ry number of innovative systems fo f r the produ d ction and installation of natu du t ral tu tu t rf surfa f ces. fa He was the fo f under chairman of the Tu T rfg f rass Growers Association, which still operates fg to the benefi f t of producers throughout the United Kingdom and connects with similar fi organisations throughout Europe and the United States of America. In 2006 he was thrilled and extremely proud to have been elected an Honorary r Fellow of ry the Kew Guild in recognition of services to horticulture and the botanical sciences. He was adm d itted to The Institu dm t te of Hort tu r icultu rt t re in 1984 and, in 1999 was awarded th tu t e Harlow Carr r Medal in recognition of his service to horticultu rr t re and innovation in the fi tu f eld of tu t rf development. Derek led a fu f ll, interesting and rewarding life f and will be remembered by fe those associated with him throughout the years. He lives on through his beloved fa f mily and is sadly missed. - Stephen Edwards.

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359 Norman Chalkw k ell Hickman kw - 16th June 2018 Norman entered Kew as an improver in 1951 and retu t rn tu r ed as a stu t dent in 1955. He was tu a pointed Foreman of the Tr ap T opical Pits in August 1956. In the 1960 Kew Guild Journ r al rn he wrote an art r icle on some of th rt t e plants amb m ient in th mb t e Tr T opical Pits and it gives an inkling of the depth of his kn k owledge. He left f Kew in 1961, married Pam in 1962, and took up ft u his f rst job as a nursery fi r manager in Hull. ry Aft f er eight years and a brief soj ft o ourn in oj Chelmsfo f rd he moved to Nuneaton, fo W rwickshire in November 1970 to Wa become nursery r manager to the local parks ry department. He passed though a number of roles, taking early retirement aft f er 40 years ft in service. His reasons fo f r leaving early were that aft f er privatisation he became ft contract client manager and his life f ended fe u being more fu up f ll of pap a er th ap t an plants - not to his liking. In 1995 he left f to concentrate ft on his beloved garden but he still applied skills profe f ssionally as a consultant. fe In the Kew Guild Centenary Edition Rebecca Bower included recognition of the 14 T easurers who had sup Tr u ported The Guild and Norman was one of them in 1961. up He passed away on 16th June aft f er a brave, but thankfu ft f lly short battle with brain cancer. fu W send our condolences to Pam and his sons Chris and Paul. We William John Holmes 22nd April 1938 - 15th December 2018 Childhood. Born on 22nd April 1938 in Seft f on Park Hospital, Liverp ft r ool, Merseyside. rp John had two elder sisters, Doreen and Rita. Their Dad disap a peared leaving their Mum to ap try r and bring them up ry u , which she couldn’t. All three were put into a Barn r ardo’s Children’s rn Home in North Wa W les. John never had contact with his Dad, and his Mum only sent Christmas cards late in her life f in th fe t e 1970s. John’s Mum was buried in th t e same graveyard in Wa W lton, Liverp r ool in 1980 where previously Paul McCartney met John Lennon fo rp f r the f rst time at a village fe fi f te, when John was playing with his then band, The Quarr rry rr rymen. They of course went on to fo f rm The Beatles. All three children were given the opportu t nity to move to Australia, when John was only tu f ve years old in the early 1940s. Doreen and Rita chose to go to Australia, but John chose fi to stay in the U.K. That was the last John saw of his sisters back then. Luckily John was taken in by his Aunt Flo Moye and Uncle Arthur Moye in Southport, Merseyside. At the time of writing, Doreen still lives in Australia, and Rita moved to San Francisco then f nally changing her name to Sharma Kumaran in 1981 and now lives and works in a fi Hindu d Te du T mple on the Hawaiian island of Kauai, renouncing her life f and fa fe f mily prior to that time. First job. Aft f er an unhap ft a py time at boarding School, John worked fo ap f r Vi V ncent’s Garden Nursery fr f om about age 14 or 15 and also at the Rotten Row Flower Show. Vi V ncent’s Garden Nursery r is still in existence in Scarisbrick, just outside of Southport at the same ry location. During this time he used to fr f equent the Southport Funfa f ir, and enj fa n oyed seeing nj

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360 the planes landing on the beach or fl f ying over fr f om the nearb r y R.A.F. Wo rb W odvale airfi f eld. On seeing the fi “Wa W ll of Death” at the Funfa Wa f ir this got John fa interested in motorbikes and over the years he owned a fe f w, alongside usually getting around by bicycle. Army. John then did his National Service in the Army (the Paratroopers) based in Catterick, Y rkshire, and also in Marchwood, Hampshire, Yo befo f re serving in the confl fo f ict in Cyprus. He also fl represented the Army in Cross Country running, winning a medal. During his time in the Army he also experienced colleagues parachuting but becoming ‘Roman Candles’ where the parachute W lliam John Holmes Wi does not open properly, y wrap y, a s around them and they ap r one as John) ry k own to every kn (kn drop to the ground. Many died in these circumstances, as parachutes were very r basic in the ry 1950s. Whilst based in Catterick, Yo Y rkshire, they worked with the Royal Signals to clear some beaches/land of mines that had been no-go areas aft f er the Second Wo ft W rld Wa W r until cleared. In Cypru r s, John was involved in an accident in an Army lorry ru r that went over a ry cliff f with John and others inside. John broke both legs and was in Princess Alexandra ff Military r Hospital fo ry f r some time. Many of his colleagues died in this incident. Moving South. John returned to Southport, and enj n oyed going to the Cavern Club in nj Mathew Street, Liverp r ool to see traditional jazz gigs prior to the Beatles and Merseybeat rp era. John moved with his Aunt Flo and Uncle Arthur to Marksbury r Av ry A enue, Kew, w Surrey w, at the start r of the 1960s and got a job work rt r ing at Kew Gardens where he ended up rk u work r ing rk f r 41 years. John’s Aunt Flo and Uncle Art fo r hur decided Kew was not fo rt f r them so relocated to St. Anne’s, Lancashire (betw t een South tw thp th hport r and Blackp rt k ool). John was off kp ffe ff fered th t e chance to move there with them but decided to stay in Kew, w continuing his job at Kew Gardens. w, John lived “in digs” in Grove Av A enue, Tw T ickenham fo f r a while. John and Sheila - Early years. At the start r of the 1960s John met Sheila Ann Cart rt r er (born rt r rn 1st September 1943) at a club u on the Molesey side of the River Thames near Hampton ub Court. They also enj n oyed going to the Eel Pie jazz club nj u on Eel Pie Island. Aft ub f er a dispute ft with his landlady John moved into 124 Third Cross Road in 1962 to live with Sheila and her parents, Arthur Carter and Gertru r de May Carter. Sheila’s fa ru f mily had lived there since 1928, and in fa f ct had lived in the same road since at least the 1901 census. John and Sheila marr r ied on 31st August 1963 at All Saints Church, Camp rr m bell Road, Tw mp T ickenham, and they went on their honeymoon to Bourn r emouth, Dorset. John and Sheila then moved to 90B rn Staines Road, Tw T ickenham, living above “Peter Powell The Butcher” shop. John and Sheila enj n oyed going to see the motorb nj r ike racing at the old Cry rb r stal Palace racetrack, and ry took several holidays to places like Jersey in the Channel Islands, Austria, Germany and Switzerlan a d. Whilst John continu an n ed to work nu r at Kew Gardens, cycling th rk t ere an a d home again daily (ap a proximately 10-miles per day) as well as doing the daily manual work, he also ap undertook a fe f w other gardening jobs alongside. These included being the gardener fo f r Calvert Smith & Sutcliff ffe ff fe Solicitors at Onslow House, 9 The Green, Richmond-uponThames and neighbouring buildings bordering Richmond Green fo f r in excess of 40 years. John’s wife f Sheila worked fo fe f r Calvert Smith & Sutcliff ffe ff fe Solicitors fo f r 47 years. At Kew Gardens in the late 1960s one of John’s gardening students was, then fu f ture television presenter, Alan Titchmarsh. At Kew Gardens one of John’s work r colleagues was rk also gardening television presenter Chris Collins. John met Princess Diana at the opening

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of th t e Princess Diana glasshouse, and also his last big proj o ect was the restoration and oj landscaping of the Japanese Gateway, opened by the Emperor of Jap a an. At Kew ap Gardens during his lunch hours John would spend time learn r ing th rn t e latin names of all th t e tr t ees and plants, and had his own allotment hidden fr f om pub u lic view. ub

John and Sheila, plus son Roger. r John r. and Sheila moved to 7 Norcutt Road, T ickenham, prior to their son Roger Tw being born r on 26th January rn r 1970 in We ry W st f r 50 Middlesex Hospital, Isleworth. In 1974 W lliam John Holmes - married fo Sheila Holmes and Wi years they moved to 8 Lincoln Av A enue, T ickenham which as of December 2018 Tw is the same house John owns and had been living in until 20th May 2018, over 44 years on fr f om when they moved in. Out of all of the places John lived, this was defi f nitely his fi “home”. In 1975 Sheila had cancer and was tr t eated by groundb d reaking tr db t eatment, of which only 2% that had this survived, and had a big operation at the Middlesex Hospital in Goodge Street, London, and John visited Sheila every r evening without fa ry f il. This period also put considerab a le pressure on John to pay the bills. For a number of years he had to ab work 7-days per week as Sheila had to only work part-time. Many years later Sheila returned to fu f ll time work. Sheila’s parents were of great support during this time, and helped considerably with the daily routine of Roger, whilst Sheila was too ill and John work r ed all th rk t e hour u s th ur t at he could. In 1976 du dur uring th t e extr t emely hot Summer, tr r John brought r, home a tortoise that had been fo f und wandering around Kew. The tortoise was very r early ry on given the name Speedy. As of December 2018 John still owned the tortoise although d e to John’s dementia, Roger had to re-home Speedy at his own home, none other than du the 124 Third Cross Road address that Sheila’s fa f mily have lived in since 1928. As a fa f mily John, Sheila, an a d Roger enj n oyed a great man nj a y day an a s out visiting castles, palaces, ay stately homes, zoos, parks, museums, air shows, military r events, theatre and other shows. ry The fa f mily also enj n oyed many “bucket and spade” type holidays in the U.K. to the likes nj of Puckp k ool in Isle Of Wi kp W ght, Leysdown in Isle Of Sheppey, y Hayling Island, Southport in y, Lancashire, Selsey Bill, Camber Sands, Bracklesham Bay in Sussex, Dovercourt Bay in Suff ffo ff folk, and others. As a fa f mily they fr f equ q ently travelled to France and Belgium, and took qu holidays in Holland, and Italy together. John walked up u two active volcanoes, Mount Etna and Mount Ve V suvius. For ap a proximately twenty years John used to enj n oy meeting up nj u with some fr f iends at the local Residents Association hall to play snooker on Friday evenings. From 1993 onwards John and Sheila welcomed Roger’s partner Sharon Pegg and treated her like their own daughter and all fo f ur went to Italy on holiday, y plus visits to France, and y, Belgium u . All fo um f ur u of th t em enj n oyed man nj a y day an a s out, plus took holiday ay a s togeth ay t er in South th thp th hport r, rt Lancashire, and Folkestone, Kent. Sharon Pegg continu n es to play a very nu r big part ry r in Roger’s rt and of course John’s life f as of December 2018. fe John and Sheila - Later years. Later on John and Sheila (without Roger) also took holidays in France, Belgium, Italy, y Spain, Malta, Austr y, t ia, and Switzerland. John and Sheila tr also visited the Czech Republic, and Liechtenstein. They also undertook a Rhine river cru r ise mostly through Germany, ru y and two Mediterr y, r anean sea cru rr r ises visiting many of the ru Greek islan a ds, Port an rtu rt tugal, Spain, Italy, y Fran y, a ce, Gibraltar an ar, ar r, Monaco. Holiday a s to Italy remained ay their fa f vourite, visiting places all over Italy, y whilst of course enj y, n oying the excellent Italian nj f od and red wine! John and Sheila went to the theatre regularly, fo y occasionally the cinema, y, and once a year to the Holland Park Opera with Sheila’s work colleagues. John and Sheila

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362 took two enj n oyab nj a le trips on the Orient Express Pullman steam train. John and Sheila also ab went with Roger and his partner Sharon Pegg to take aft f ern ft r oon tea at the Savoy Hotel and rn the Ritz. Aft f er John retired fr ft f om Kew Gardens aft f er 41 years he took on a fe ft f w smaller private gardening jobs, and continued to enj n oy gardening immensely. John would hap nj a pily go to ap any event, shopping, or whatever Sheila took him to as long as he was “fe f d and watered”. fe In 2004 Sheila had cancer fo f r a second time and this time was treated and had a big operation at the Royal Marsden Hospital in Kensington, London, operated on by the surgeon Jeremy Thompson who would later also operate on Roger in 2011 and 2012 at the Chelsea and We W stminster Hospital in London. Again John did not miss seeing Sheila in Hospital fo f r a single day. Over the years, John continued to like traditional jazz music of the likes of Chris Barb r er, rb Kenny Ball, Acker Bilk, Ken Colyer, plus singers like Bing Crosby, y and Dean Martin. y, John also went to see a number of concerts, including the Hollies, Cliff f Richard, Paul ff McCartney, y Eagles, Rolling Stones, Mavericks, Rod Stewart, Bert We y, W edon, Chris Barb r er, rb Acker Bilk, Kenny Ball, Ru R ssell Wa W tson, and Luciano Pavarotti. In 2013 Sheila got cancer f r a third time and was part of a groundbreaking treatment programme at the Royal fo Marsden Hospital in Kensington, London, but unfo f rtu fo t nately she passed away on 9th June tu 2013 in We W st Middlesex Hospital, Isleworth. As Sheila went downhill John cared fo f r her non-stop. John (aft f er Sheila). Aft ft f er Sheila passed away John got in routine of household chores at ft 8 Lincoln Av A enue in Tw T ickenham, doing his fr f ont and back garden which he loved, and f eding and spending time being chased around the garden by the tortoise Speedy. He fe enj n oyed watching some quiz shows and the old Wa nj W r Films or We W stern r s. John also went to rn the Holland Park Opera with Sheila’s fo f rmer work colleagues. As dementia took hold, John oft f en thought Sheila was still alive and as a comfo ft f rt thing would oft fo f en talk to her. ft John also thought Roger still lived at his house, although Roger had moved to 124 Third Cross Road, Tw T ickenham, in 1994. It is so clear how much John missed Sheila and that he had depression since that time. From December 2014 onwards John welcomed Jayden, a boy Roger and Sharon adopted fr f om the Isle Of Wi W ght. John was proud to call six-year old Jayden his grandson, and loved a special 3rd Birthday trip to Marwell Zoo in 2015, plus many trips to Café f Ve fé V nice, a fa f vourite Italian restaurant in Whitton. In June 2018, John moved into Charlotte House care home in Isleworth, Middlesex. John settled in well and was looked aft f er extremely well there. Sadly John’s dementia worsened and he passed ft away in Charlotte House in Islewort rth rt th, Middlesex on 15th t Decemb th m er 2018, with mb t his fu th f neral taking place at South We W st Middlesex Crematorium on 4th January r 2019. - Roger Holmes ry

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INCOME AND ENDOWMENTS FROM: Incoming resources from generated funds Donations and legacies 2 Income from Investments Investment income and deposit interest 3 Income from charitable activities Advancement of horticultural and botanical knowledge Events and other membership activities: Membership subscriptions Annual Dinner AGM Soiree Other events and income Encouragement of horticultural and botanical education Awards and prizes: Donations and legacies 4 Total income and endowments EXPENDITURE ON: Expenditure on Charitable activities Advancement of horticultural and botanical knowledge Events and membership activities: Website project Journal of The Kew Guild Annual Dinner AGM Soiree Newsletter Presidents’ name bars Presidents’ medals Archivist Other events and membership activities Encouragement of horticultural and botanical education Award making: Awards 5 Prizes 5 Student fellowship Kew Guild Medal Other Expenditure Membership database Administrative costs Other expenditure Total expenditure Net gains/(losses) on investments: Unrealised movements on investment assets Net income/(expenditure)



TOTAL 2017 £







9,640 4,632 358 18,110


9,640 4,632 358 18,110

9,567 3,729 213




10.000 46,881

280 5,005 4,864 486 101 18,059


280 5,005 4,864 486 101 18.059

1,169 4,842 3,709 172 98 38 501 179

8,732 420 125 359

10,674 630 180 384

1,495 11,823 -

8,732 25 -

1,495 11,823 -

1,496 7,789 25






(11,882) (5,641)

(2,427) (3,597)

(3,727) (3,727)

(18,036) (12,965)

52,062 67,057






395 125 359


Net movement in funds for the year Reconciliation of funds Total funds brought forward as restated







Total funds carried forward







1. Events of 2018 JOURNAL - DRAFT.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 24/04/2019 21:30 Page 113



Fixed assets Investments Current assets Stock of Kew Guild medals Debtors Cash at bank and in hand

Note 8

9 10

Total current assets Liabilities Creditors: amounts falling due within one year







£ 652,556

359 5,372 118,179

718 8,173 115,759





Net current assets or liabilities



Total net assets or liabilities



131,137 100,645

134,864 104,242

The Funds of the Charity: Endowment funds Restricted funds Unrestricted general fund Unrestricted designated funds Total unrestricted funds Total Charity funds

12 12 12 12

119,260 399,919

116,186 408,634 519,179




The financial statements will be approved by The Trustees on 7 June 2019 following the completion of the independent examination. These summarised accounts may not contain sufficient information to allow for a full understanding of the Guild’s financial affairs. For further information the full Annual Report and Financial Statements, including the Independent Examiner’s Report, should be consulted. Copies of these can be obtained from Linda Baharier, 1 Castlehill Cottages, Outwood Lane, Bletchingley, Surrey, RH1 4LR.

T e accounts Th t fo ts f r th t e orig i in ig i al Ke K w Guil ild il ld charity t (3 ty ( 06064) 4 and th 4) t e new Ke K w Guil ild il ld CI CIO IO charity t (1 ty ( 174 7 033) 74 3 will 3) l be provide ll d d as sep de e arate ep t fi te f nancial records d to th ds t e Ch C arity t ty C mmis Co i sion. Ho is H wever fo f r ease of o ref efe ef ference th t ey e have been combin i ed to in tog ogeth t er fo th f r th t e J urn Jo r al. rn l l.

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ISSN: 2046-1526

Volume 17


Number 123