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THE JOURNAL OF THE KEW GUILD

Founded in 1893 T e Ass Th s ociation of ss o members r of rs o th t e Ke K w sta taf ta aff ff past and present

Events of 2017 Published in 2018 V lume 17 Vo Number 122 Registered charity No. 306064

ISSN 2046�1526

Editor: Sparkle Wa W rd Advisory Editor: Richard Wa W rd Email: editor@kewguild.org.uk

Printed by WPG Group Limited Printing House, Severn Farm, We W lshpool, Powys SY21 7DF

Royal Botanic Gardens Kew


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Cover Photos Front: Vi V ew of the Palm House/Christmas at Kew lights © Editor Rear: Vi V ew of enshrouded Pagoda © Editor © The Kew Guild 2018. All rights reserv r ed. No part rv r of th rt t is pub u lication may be reprodu ub d ced, du stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any fo f rm or by any means – electronic, mechanical, photocopied, recorded or otherw r ise – without the prior written permission of rw The Kew Guild or its designated reprodu d ction rights organisations. du Copyright of photos are held by the article author unless otherwise indicated.


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Contents Tru Tr rustees and Committee ......................................................................................................................................................131 Editorial ...............................................................................................................................................................................132 Jean Griff ffi ff fin, President .........................................................................................................................................................133 Peter Styles, President Elect ................................................................................................................................................134 David Simpson, Vi V ce President ...........................................................................................................................................135 New Committee Members...................................................................................................................................................135 Annual General Meeting of the Kew Guild.........................................................................................................................135 School of Horticultu t re, Kew Diploma Prize Day................................................................................................................148 tu Course 55.............................................................................................................................................................................153 Stu t dent Report .....................................................................................................................................................................154 tu Kew Guild Events in 2017...................................................................................................................................................154 Thorp r e Perrow Arb rp r oretu rb t m .....................................................................................................................................154 tu Benington Lordship Tr T ip........................................................................................................................................155 Guern r sey Vi rn V sit........................................................................................................................................................156 Dorset and Hampshire We W ekend............................................................................................................................159 Kew Guild Dinner..................................................................................................................................................160 Devon We W ekend .....................................................................................................................................................161 Derb r yshire/Chatsworth We rb W ekend ..........................................................................................................................163 Bodenham Arb r oretu rb t m............................................................................................................................................166 tu Kew Guild Aw A ards Scheme 2017 ........................................................................................................................................168 A ards Scheme Reports ......................................................................................................................................................169 Aw South Korea Tr T ip .................................................................................................................................................................169 A To T ur of Heritage Gardens in Italy and France..................................................................................................................170 Intern r ational Orchid Conservation Congress, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Hong Kong ......................................172 rn The Arb r oreal Passionfl rb f owers of Colombia..........................................................................................................................173 fl Shades of Green...................................................................................................................................................................174 Utrecht Placement................................................................................................................................................................175 Completion of Thrive’s Aw A ard in Social and Therap a eutic Horticultu ap t re ..............................................................................176 tu Attending the 6th Intern r ational School Grounds Alliance Confe rn f rence, Berlin, Germany ..................................................178 fe The Kew Guild Honorary r Membership...............................................................................................................................180 ry News of Honorary r Fellows..................................................................................................................................................180 ry The George Brown Memorial Aw A ard, Nicholas Boyes .......................................................................................................186 Kew News: 2017 .................................................................................................................................................................186 An up u date fo f r the Kew Guild provided by Director Richard Deverell ...............................................................................197 2017: A Review of the Wa W kehurst Ye Y ar ...............................................................................................................................199 Kew Guild Medal Recipient Chris Beardshaw....................................................................................................................202 Sub u tropical Splendour in Hackney ......................................................................................................................................202 ub No April Showers - more wildfl f owers.................................................................................................................................203 fl Rematio (to retu t rn tu r ) again.....................................................................................................................................................205 Tru Tr rust in Tr Try ryst........................................................................................................................................................................205 The Friends of Kew .............................................................................................................................................................206 Chartered Institu t te of Horticultu tu t re 2017 - The Percy Thrower Bursary tu r Grand Final .........................................................206 ry Sweetp t eas Business .............................................................................................................................................................206 tp The Kew Guild Archives .....................................................................................................................................................207 100 Ye Y ars Ago......................................................................................................................................................................209 Committee Deliberations.....................................................................................................................................................210 Kew wins Gold Medal fo f r State of the Wo W rld’s Plants 2017 stand at RHS Chelsea Flower Show.....................................210 Kew’s WWI Centenary r - 2017 up ry u date.................................................................................................................................211 Kewites at English Heritage ................................................................................................................................................213 My Career ............................................................................................................................................................................214 Quirky k Corn ky r er......................................................................................................................................................................218 rn News of Kewites in 2017.....................................................................................................................................................218 Obitu t aries.............................................................................................................................................................................236 tu Financial Accounts ..............................................................................................................................................................243 Address List of Members ....................................................................................................................................................245


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The Kew Guild Patron: Her Royal Highness Princess Alexandra The Kew Guild Committee 2017-2018 Off ffi ff ficers: President: President Elect: V ce President (elected 2017): Vi Past President: Acting Secretary r : ry V luntary Vo r Tr ry T easurer: Membership Secretary r : ry Editor: Events Off ffi ff ficer: Pub u licity and Promotions: ub W bsite Manager: We

Jean Griff ffi ff fin Peter Styles David Simpson Alan Stu t ttard tu Sara Arn r old (non-Committee post) rn Linda Baharier (non-Committee post) Sylvia Phillips Sparkle Wa W rd (non-Committee post) Brian Phillips Jean Griff ffi ff fin Jonathan Rickards

Committee Members: Retire r 2018 re Retire r 2019 re Peter Styles David Simpson Susan Urp r eth rp Jean Griff ffi ff fin Stewart Henchie Harold (Graham) Heywood Jim Mitchell Alex George Ex Off ffi ff ficio Members: Head of School of Horticultu t re: tu A ards Scheme Chairp Aw r erson: rp Kew Gardens Representative:

Retire r 2020 re Leo Pemberton David Hardman Graham Burgess Ian Lamont Smith

Tim Hughes Chris Kidd Richard Barley

Student Committee Representatives: Y ar 1: Sarah (Sal) Demain / Alex Little Ye Y ar 2: Eliot Barden Ye Ye Y ar 3: Joseph Clements Advisors: Profe f ssor David F Cutler BSc., PhD., DIC., PPLS: Kew Guild Medal fe Profe f ssor Sir Ghillean T Prance FRS., MA., DPhil., FilDr., FLS., VMH fe Bob Ivison: New Constitu t tion tu Martin J S Sands BSc., C Biol., FSB., FLS., FRGS John B E Simmons OBE MHort (RHS)., FIHort., CBiol., FSB., FLS., VMH Richard Wa W rd: Honorary r Journ ry r al Advisor rn


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Editorial Dear fe f llow Guild members, As your Events of 2017 Journ r al starts its journ rn r ey to the Printers your hardworking Guild rn Committee succeeded in winning off ffi ff ficial approval fr f om the Charity Commission to become a Charity Incorp r orated Organisation. rp W are assured of many advantages, and a potential to expand membership and the range We of activities within the Guild. Following the 2018 AGM our new Tr Tru rustees will be fi f rmly in the driving seat. A giant step fo f r the Kew Guild has been made by a dedicated band of members, and they deserve your sincere thanks. Reading through this Journ r al you will see that much ‘copy’ is made up rn u of regular annual write-up u s. These provide our history up r fr ry f om year to year. When Aw A ard Scheme grants are made the ru r les require recipients to sub u mit a resumé of their endeavours. We ub W also seek to promote one-off f articles of interest. Can you excite us in the next Journ ff r al and go down in rn history r ? Contact the Editor now. ry Happily our memberships revived considerably over this year, but we do invite you to invite eligible colleagues and fr f iends to join/rej e oin. We ej W note that many correspondents in this Journ r al are not paid up rn u Guild Members! Wi W th a bit of luck, by the time you read this, a plications will be dealt with electronically. ap The Guild welcomes members to stand as Committee Tr Tru rustees. Just contact our Secretary r . ry W thank all Contributors to our Journ We r al this year, particularly David Cutler fo rn f r Botanical proof reading, Pamela Holt fo f r News of Kewites and Events, and Graham Burgess fo f r Obitu t aries. tu Floreat Kew

Sparkle Wa W rd Richard Wa W rd

Editor Advisory r Editor ry

Flat 2, 62 Mortlake Road, Kew, w Richmond, Surrey TW9 4AT w, A AT T l/Fax: (020) 8878 6696 Email: editor@kewguild.org.uk Te

President Acting Secretary r ry T easurer Tr Membership Events Pub u licity and Promotions ub A ards Scheme Aw News of Kewites

president@kewguild.org.uk secretary r @kewguild.org.uk ry treasurer@kewguild.org.uk membership@kewguild.org.uk events@kewguild.org.uk press@kewguild.org.uk awards@kewguild.org.uk newsofk f ewites@kewguild.org.uk fk

Jean Griff ffi ff fin Sara Arn r old rn Linda Baharier Sylvia Phillips Pamela Holt Jean Griff ffi ff fin Chris Kidd Pamela Holt


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Jean Griff ffi ff fin

President 2017/2018

I was born r and brought up rn u in South Wa W les and, fr f om an early age, was a budding gardener. My grandfa f ther, a sheet metal worker, was a grower and ‘shower’ of chry fa r santhemums and ry f om helping him in the greenhouse a life fr f long interest in growing plants emerged. fe I started in Neath Parks Department as a trainee gardener, moving aft f er a year to do a two ft year course in horticultu t re at Stu tu t dley College in Wa tu W rwickshire. Then came the real world of proper work. I moved to Bagshot in Surrey to work as an ap a prentice at John Wa W terers Sons and Crisp, a fa f mous nursery r within the indu ry d stry du r . Mike Clift ry f and I shared ‘digs’ and ft a connection was made with Allan and Joan Hart, Kew fr f iendships starting already! Experience was gained in all sorts of propagation under the watchfu f l eye of the nursery fu r ry manager, Percy Wi W seman of Rhodo d de do d ndr dro dr ron yaku k shimanum fa ku f me. At the end of the year Mr Wi W seman asked me what my plans were. I told him that The Wa W terers Company had off ffe ff fered me a chance of setting up u a Garden Centre at the Reading Nursery ry, ry y, The Golden Mile, near Reading. When I told him I had also been off ffe ff fered a place at Kew, w Mr Wi w, W seman said ‘Go there my dear, Garden Centres will never take off f ’. How little did he kn ff k ow! Kew...The magical word. Another Neath resident was also at Kew in a much more exalted position than a humble stu t dent, namely Dr Keith Jones. tu Aft f er Kew there were many changes, marr ft r iage, two daughters and various jobs to keep rr my kn k owledge alive and curr r ent. Aft rr f er an interesting coup ft u le of years ru up r nning a mushroom f rm near St Ives, I moved to We fa W st Sussex and was off ffe ff fered a position as lecturer in commercial horticulture at Brinsbury College. I stayed there fo f r 18 years ending up as Head of Horticulture and Special Needs (as it was called then!) In order to make the College better known and to encourage students within the industry to partake in horticultu t ral edu tu d cation, I was asked to co-write the fi du f rst ever NVQs and then later became an internal and external verifi f er fo fi f r City and Guilds and the National Profi f ciency Te fi T sts


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134 Council. The late David Gatheru r m fr ru f om Wa W rwickshire and I were instru r mental in writing ru the fi f rst qualifi f cations fo fi f r stu t dents with learn tu r ing disab rn a ilities fo ab f r NPTC. Following retirement fr f om the College, I have become a judge and Tr Tru rustee fo f r South and South East in Bloom and London in Bloom. For the past 25 years I have also been part of the local BBC Radio Surrey, y Sussex and Kent and am a regular ‘expert’ on the gardening y, programmes, th t is brings in th t e requ q ests fo qu f r talks to Hort r icultu rt t ral Societies across th tu t e South t th East. All th t is stems fr f om th t e wonderfu f l exp fu x erience of work xp r ing in th rk t e hallowed environment of Kew which has fa f cilitated all my experiences, fr f iendships and plant kn k owledge. I was astounded to be elected as President of the Guild, an honour indeed and hope that I have, in some small way, y been ab y, a le to give something back by sup u porting the Guild in the up work it does to keep fr f iendships and connections alive and by encouraging stu t dents and tu others to take part in the events and awards off ffe ff fered by the Guild. It is indeed Floreat Kew!

Peter Styles

President Elect Peter was born r in Bristol where he commenced his career in horticultu rn t re, initially learn tu r ing rn practical skills as an ap a prentice in Bristol Zoological Gardens and then as a gardener at Bristol University Botanic Gardens. He later work r ed at Wy rk W evale’s Nurseries in Thorn rnb rn nbury r ry befo f re entering Kew as a stu fo t dent in 1966. It was at Kew that he met his then wife tu f Liz née fe Baylis. In 1969 he left f Kew to join the landscap ft a e group ap u at the GLC Parks Dept. At the same time up he was working fr f eelance fo f r Land Use Consultants and also enrolled on the part time course in landscap a e architecture at Thames Polytechnic in Hammersmith. A busy time! ap This was the only London based landscap a e architectu ap t re course although he was off tu ffe ff fered places on th t e degree courses at both t Newcastle and Manchester which he declined wishing th to stay in London. Peter eventu t ally qualifi tu f ed as a chartered landscap fi a e architect in 1974 ap and was subsequently elected Fellow of the Landscape Institute. He was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts. Peter sub u sequently went on to work as landscap ub a e architect with the LB Ealing architects ap department and as group u leader setting up up u a new team of landscap a e architects at the LB ap W ndsworth architects department. 1976 saw a complete change in career when he joined Wa the practice of The Ecology and Landscap a e Design Partnership in London. A year later he ap moved to mid Wa W les with his fa f mily to set up u a new off ffi ff fice f r the practice. The intention was to stay in mid Wa fo W les fo f r three years and then move back to London but this never hap a pened. A case of sliding doors! The practice eventu ap t ally tu changed its name to Lingard Styles Ltd with off ffi ff fices in W lshpool and Shrewsbury. Peter became managing We director. His work has taken him around the world with the opportu t nity to meet up tu u with other Kewites. Community and academic work also fo f rms part of Peter’s activities. Previously part time senior lecturer in art, design and landscape at Glyndwr University he is now external moderator fo f r the horticultu t re and landscap tu a e design degree ap course at Harp r er Adams University, rp y schools mentor fo y, f r the W lsh Govern We r ment’s Big Ideas programme and vice chair rn


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135 of the Board fo f r Oriel Davies Gallery r . He also continues with his role as extern ry r al examiner rn in landscap a e design and constru ap r ction at Kew. ru Liz and Peter curr r ently live in We rr W lshpool and enj n oy meeting up nj u with other fe f llow Kewites on the Kew Guild trips.

David Simpson V ce President Vi

It was an honour to be elected Kew Guild Vi V ce-President fo f r 2017-2018. I ‘retired’ fr f om Kew in October 2015 aft f er a 30-year career in the Herb ft r arium and I am now an Honorary rb r ry Research Associate, usually spending two to three days a week at Kew. Currently I am a Vi V siting Research Fellow at Tr T inity College Dub u lin and a member of the ub Flora of Thailand Editorial Board. In 2017 I spent some time in Thailand, where I gave a keynote address at the 17th Flora of Thailand Confe f rence held in Kr fe K ab a i. Other interests include birdwatching, astronomy, archaeology, walking and vintage railways, and of course, my fa f mily. I continue to enj n oy gardening but my horticultural skills are more nj attu t ned to gardening of the wildlife tu f kind! Further details can be fo fe f und in the Events of 2015 Journ r al (New Committee Members Report p. 517). rn

New Committee Members No new Committee Members were elected in 2017. The AGM agreed that the Committee Memb m ers of the ‘old’ charity, mb y were en bloc ap y, a proved to serv r e on the committee as ordinary rv r ry members until the next AGM. New Committee Members are to be elected once the new Charitable Incorp r orated Organisation (CIO) is implemented. Please see Minute 12.17, rp CIO recommendation number 6 fo f r more info f rmation. fo Following the successfu f l completion of the CIO, the Constitu fu t tion/Ru tu R les will be reviewed, Ru and wording may have to be changed. Recommendations fr f om the Tr Tru rustees will then be taken to the AGM in 2018.

Minutes of the 2017 Annual General Meeting of The Kew Guild held on Saturday 9th September 2017 Jodrell Lecture Theatre, RBG Kew Those present Committee: Alan Stu t ttard tu Jean Griff ffi ff fin Peter Styles Sylvia Phillips Sara Arn r old rn Linda Baharier Pamela Holt Chris Kidd Sparkle Wa W rd Jonathan Rickards Astrid Purton Graham Burgess Alex George

David Hardman Stewart Henchie Graham Heywood Bry r an Howard ry Jim Mitchell T ny Overland To Leo Pemberton Martin Sands David Simpson Ian Lamont Smith Peter Styles Tim Upson Susan Urp r eth rp


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Members: Jennife f r Alsop fe Mike Clift f ft Jenny Edmonds T icia Fisher Tr David Frodin Harvey Groff ffm ff fman Allan Hart Colin Hindmarch Colin Jones

Roy Jones Jill Marsden David Matthewman Brian Pitcher Diana Polhill Martin Stanifo f rth fo Mike Wi W lkinson T m Wo To W od

Guests: David Edmonds Joan Hart Eira Heywood Julian Heywood V lerie Hindmarch Va Liz Kidd

Jan Overland Brian Phillips W ndy Stanifo We f rth fo Diana Stu t ttard tu Liz Styles

Apologies fo f r absence Committee:

Members:

Richard Wa W rd David Cutler

Richard Bisgrove Shahina Ghazanfa f r fa Cyril Giles Roy Lancaster Anna Pavord John Sales

01.17

Gordon Fraser Mike Griff ffi ff fin Bente Klitgaard Simon Owens Graham Ross V lentine Ty Va T nan

W lcome by the President Alan Stuttard We

The President opened the meeting at 2pm and thanked every r one fo ry f r coming. There has been a good turnout and members joined us fr f om all around the world. The President commented on the successfu f l refu fu f rb fu r ishment of the Lectu t re Room. tu 02.17

Apologies fo f r Absence

There were numerous apologies fo f r absence. It is particularly noted that Richard Wa W rd could not join us today as he is recovering fr f om an operation. 03.17

Notice of Death of Members

The President asked members to stand in silence to remember those fr f iends that have passed away du d ring the year; Pauline Himson, Granville Tu T rley and Mary r Gregory ry r (who ry passed a while ago but we have only just fo f und out) and any others we may not be aware of. f f. 04.17 To T approve the Minutes of Annual General Meeting of 10th September 2016 printed in the Journal, Vo V lume 17 Number 121 at pages 11-22. Amendments to Minutes: David Hardman and Graham Heywood were both in attendance but were not included in the minutes. The minutes of the meeting of the AGM were


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137 a proved and signed by the President as a tru ap r e record of the meeting. ru 05.17

Matters arising fr f om the Minutes not on the Agenda

There were no matters arising not being dealt with below. 06.17

The Acting Honorary Secretary’s Report – Sara Arnold

SA asked members present to make sure they had signed the attendance sheet. The Guild have met fi f ve times during the year. Meetings were not well attended this year. The October, Decemb m er and March meetings were not qu mb q orate and decisions were ratifi f ed aft fi f er ft meetings by e-mail. In Febru r ary ru ry, ry y, the meeting was qu q orate with 10 memb m ers attending. The mb June meeting was the best attended. I would like to clarify f use of wording in agendas, minutes etc – the word ‘Tr fy Tru Tr rustee’ will refe f r to those who have control or powers with a legal obligation to administer the Guild fe (see report 15.17 fo f r a list of Tr Tru rustees). The word ‘Committee’ will refe f r to those memb fe m ers mb of the Kew Guild (tru r stees, memb ru m ers, volunteers and paid consultants) who sit on the main mb Committee and Sub Committees. The words ‘voting member’ will be used fo f r those members of committees who have a vote on proceedings (tru r stees and members but not ru volunteers or paid consultants). I will check reports fo f r consistency throughout the year. I am now up u loading things to the website on a regular basis and this is going well. I am hap a py to car ap arr ar rry ry on. The website committ t ee page needs an tt a overh r au rh a l an a d th t is will be a priority t ty f r the 2017-18 Guild year. I will also be looking into utilising the datab fo a ase more fu ab f lly. The dates fo f r meetings fo f r next year will be distributed asap a . ap 07.17 Vo V luntary Treasurer’s report – Linda Baharier – Financial Statements printed in the Journal at pages 119–120. The accounts fo f r the year ended 31.12.2016 The restr t icted fu tr f nds increased by £10,117 and th t e unrestr t icted fu tr f nds increased by £48,189. While interest rates have remained low the value of our investments increased du d e to an u ward trend at the end of the year but this has already been both up up u and down since du d e to the volatility of the world market. Income in 2016 totalled £37,751 of which £9,993 was fr f om sub u scriptions, £21,613 fr ub f om our investments and £1,461 fr f om donations and £4,684 fr f om other. We W are very r gratefu ry f l fu to the Philip & Granville Tr Tru rust fo f r their kind donation of £1,220. A ards and prizes of £5,246 were made. £7,566 was spent on produ Aw d cing of the Journ du r al, rn which was of an excellent standard. The website has now been moved fr f om Som-Com which in the long term will not only bring the cost down but gives us more control of our own site, including setting up u the new site the cost this year was £1,797 which include one payment to Som-Com of £398. The membership data base is more or less and ru r nning now with only a charge of £688 against it but this will need some work when we go over to Direct Debits. Governance costs which are now called Other Expenditure and Administrative Costs were £3,012 this year, of which £2,839 was fo f r secretarial costs. There were unrealised gains on the Guild’s investments of £55,496, but this was du d e to an unexpected jump in the market at year end. The endowment fu f nds are invested in the Charities Off ffi ff ficial Investment Fund Units.


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138 £124,104 in the endowment fu f nds, £89,653 in restricted fu f nds, £382,470 in designated f nds and £100,642 in the unrestricted general fu fu f nd have been carried fo f rward to 2017. I would ask you to accept these accounts. I would also ask that you ap a prove the ap a pointing of an Independent Examiner or Auditor fo f r the annual accounts of 2017. Linda explained the costs of the Journal. Production costs are everything involved in getting the journ r al out. This fi rn f gure should be lower as things have changed. 08.17

Honorary Membership Secretary’s report – Sylvia Phillips

Membership Ty T pe Standard Kew Diploma Stu t dents tu Library r ry Life f fe Honorary r ry T tal To

Kew Staff f ff Other

Fellows Members

2017 40 224 37 1 4 17 3 326

2016 36 222 24 1 5 17 3 (4) 308

SP thanked our fi f rst year stu t dent Sal Demain fo tu f r doing such a good job in encouraging stu t dents and sup tu u porting the committee. Retu up t rn tu r ing lap a sed members: Nine lap ap a sed members ap have re-j - oined. SP thanked Stewart Henchie fo -j f r his help in calling up u lap a sed members. ap Life f Members: Margaret Benham; Eric Grant; Charles Parsons; Esme McCulloch. fe Honorary r Members: Our Patron, Princess Alexandra has been taken out of the numbers. ry Expired membership: ab a out 30 who paid their 27 late and have not paid this year. Deaths: Pauline Himson, a life f memb fe m er who was at Kew 1948/49 and lived in Ta mb T smania. Granville T rley a life Tu f -long sup fe u porter of the Guild. up Pub u licity: Aft ub f er discussion with the Head of Operations in HR, she had helpfu ft f lly agreed fu to a copy of a pub u licity fl ub f yer be included in new staff f starter packs. 200 were printed in ff June and we shall assess their eff ffe ff fectiveness. Wi W ll assess if this was good when all fl f yers have gone. I have been in contact with all stu t dents who are leaving and gave them fo tu f rms. Have also spoken to new intakes, all took fo f rms. The electronic version is being sent to leavers. Life f members: all joined in mid 1940s. SP asked if any members had any info fe f rmation fo about the life f members. The Guild will assume they are alive unless we are info fe f rmed fo otherwise. SP to fo f llow up u . AS thanked Sylvia fo f r the amount of work she has put in and how it was very r pleasing to ry see numbers grow. SP commented she would like more people fr f om horticultu t re to join tu and is looking fo f rward to seeing the work continuing so numbers start to creep up u again. 09.17

Events Off ffi ff ficer’s report – Pamela Holt

It is now many years since I took on this post with a brief break some while back. Whilst I have enj n oyed my time as Events Off nj ffi ff ficer the time has come to step down particularly as I am a Parish Cllr. and training to become a Horticultu t ral show judge. This tu year proved successfu f l both in terms of weather and attendance. In fa fu f ct, the trip to Guern r sey was oversub rn u scribed in a matter of hours. Our President will highlight some of ub


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139 our visits in his report and you can read ab a out them on our website and in the Kew Guild Journ r al. rn Apart fr f om visiting new places, behind the scenes tours, private gardens or cutting edge garden and landscap a e designs; these events promote the bonds that link us together. The ap meeting of like-minded people who delight in catching up u an a d discussing new or tr t aditional techniques of horticulture that are oft f en overridden by the fr ft f iendships that are fo f stered meeting in various parts of the country r . ry Do consider taking on the post of Events Off ffi ff ficer. If you are clever it can be a fa f cilitator role. Find someone who works at an unusual or interesting place. If they are willing to arr r ange a visit in their neck of the woods encourage them! Derb rr r yshire was a good examp rb m le mp and I thank my fr f iends Jean and Rod Peach wholeheartedly fo f r the action packed and socially enj n oyab nj a le weekend. ab PH thanked every r one fo ry f r their attendance on the visits which exceeded expectations this year were hugely successfu f l. AS asked how long PH had been Events Off fu ffi ff ficer; PH replied since ap a prox. 2008. AS thanked her fo f r all the personal eff ffo ff fort she has put in over the years. Members gave her a round of ap a plause. See Appendix 2 fo f r nomination and election of new Events Off ffi ff ficer. 10.17

Editor’s report – Sparkle Wa W rd

The Events of 2016 Journ r al was pub rn u lished in time fo ub f r the 25th May 2017 Dinner at a cost of £4,220 fo f r 500 journ r als, (plus £30 fo rn f r pap a er/ ap r/b r/ /book proofs f ) including the cost of printing fs and Editor’s fe f e. There were 12 extra pages over the 116 pages budgeted. The cost of the previous (2015) year’s Journal in comparison was £6,519. The saving was a result of seeking tenders fr f om three Printers– thanks to Peter Styles fo f r his recommendation of WPG Group u , the successfu up f l Company. JG commented that the journ fu r al was exceptionally rn good this year. Astr t id Purt tr r on, Kiri-Ross Jones and I continu rt n e to work nu r towards developing a new copyright rk f rm fo fo f r Journ r al contributors to sign when sub rn u mitting articles and/ ub d or photograp d/ a hs. ap Thanks are given to contributors and others fo f r their voluntary input, especially Alex George fo f r his continued help with indexing, David Cutler fo f r botanical proof reading, Graham Burgess fo f r obituaries, Pamela Holt fo f r News of Kewites, Jennife f r Chan and fe stu t dents fo tu f r Journ r al enveloping and Secretary rn r Sara Arn ry r old. rn I invite Memb m ers to make suggestions, or contr mb t ibute pictu tr tur tu ures fo f r th t e Events of 2017 Jour urn ur rnal cover, to me by 30th December 2017. I would also invite members to send in their news of 2017, be it a new job, current developments in their fi f eld of expertise, career, fa f mily or something else. Photograp a hs are also welcome. Please fe ap f el fr f ee to get in touch to discuss any ideas you may have. I am willing to continue as Editor if the AGM so agrees. Members agreed that the quality of the journ r al had gone up rn u , whilst saving money at the same time and gave SW a round of ap a plause. 11.17

A ard Scheme report – Chris Kidd Aw

Chris commented that his role is one of the best jobs in the Guild – handing over money to stu t dents and thanked Allan Hart who has an amazing kn tu k owledge of the awards. Chris ran through the ru r les of the awards. All on website or Journal. Some awards go back a


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140 long period of time. There have been some moments where applicants do not read instru r ctions and disqualify ru f themselves by not doing so. fy The KGAS met on Thursday 9th March 2017, 2pm and Thursday 13th July 2017, 4pm to consider ap a plications fo f r awards and nominations fo f r the Fellowship of the Kew Guild. A ards Aw A total of £12,190 fr f om the fi f ve named Funds and General Funds was available at the meeting to be made as awards. In 2017 and onwards fo f r a fu f rther 9 years (or as fu f nds remain) there is a new award available in memory of John Wo W odhams, fo f rmer Assistant Curator of Tropical Dept at Kew, w and fo w, f rm r er Vi V ce President of the Kew Guild. Kn K own as The John Wo W odhams Aw A ard, it is made through the kindness and generosity of John’s widow, w Joan, who had donated a w, total of £10,000 to be made availab a le as awards of up ab u to £1,000 annually fo f r successfu f l fu awardees to stu t dy plants in the tropics. We tu W are greatly ap a preciative of this sup u port fr up f om Joan and consider this award a fi f tting tribute to a tru r e gentleman. ru Over the two meetings 15 ap a plications had been made; all but two were successfu f l aft fu f er ft individu d al debate. These are listed below at Appendix 3. du Fellowship of the Kew Guild John Melmoe nominated Profe f ssor Nigel Dunnett and James Hitchmough fo fe f r the Kew Guild Honorary Fellowship 2018. The KG awards sub-committee in attendance agreed unanimously. Recommendation fo f r both to be off ffe ff fered Honorary r Fellowship to the Kew ry Guild in 2018 will be made to the fi f rst fu f ll committee meeting fo f llowing the AGM. The Guild is gratefu f l fo fu f r Joan Wo W odh d ams fo dh f r her award donation on behalf of her husband, John. Chris kn k ew John very r well and commented how he was such a gentleman and he ry will miss him greatly. The fi f rst award was made this year and thanks go to Richard Wa W rd f r making contact with Joan. fo 12.17

President’s Report – Alan Stuttard

This has been an interesting year fo f r the Guild in which your committee has managed to resolve a nu n mb m er of matters th t at have been outstanding fo f r some time whilst also arr r anging rr and enj n oying a fu nj f ll programme of events. Post of Archivist fo f r the Kew Guild During the year we ap a pointed a new archivist to the post that has been vacant fo f r too long. Astrid Purton, who is a stu t dent Archivist joined us early in the New Ye tu Y ar and has started to work on the backlog of documents. It is hoped that the two hours per week of work that she undertakes fo f r us will bring our archives back to the usual standard. Her initial work shows great promise and I look fo f rward to her getting our records back into order and more importantly, y training the committee in the art of saving ap y, a propriate documentation. This is certainly a skill that I needed to learn r and I am pleased to report that her early work rn includes a synopsis of “who saves what”, a most important step fo f rw r ard! I am sure that we all welcome Astrid and wish her a long and fr fru ruitfu f l association with the Kew Guild. fu


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The We W bsite

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As reported at last year’s AGM, notice was given to the previous site hosts Somcom and new arrangements have been introdu d ced fo du f r the ru r nning of the website using Wo W rdPress. The arrangements have created the fi f nancial savings that had been hoped fo f r and the new Kew Guild website is now availab a le on the intern ab r et. It is still early days, but the fo rn f rmat works well and indicates that the opportu t nities fo tu f r the development of the website are all in place. However, there is still much opportunity fo f r fu f rther improvement in the management of the site, the creation of new articles and the ensuring that items are up u to date. This, I am sure, the committee, Jonathan Rickards and David Hepper, (the organisers of the site), will be looking at in the coming year. The new website is a very r important ry tool in maintaining good communication between all the Kew Guild members and the committee and we should thank Jonathan and David fo f r moving things fo f rward. Events The overall package fo f r the year was sup u erb up r ly arranged by all those involved. We rb W started with our usual autu t mn visit to an arb tu r oretu rb t m and headed north into Yo tu Y rkshire, to Thorp r e rp Perrow. We W were treated to a tour by the Curator Faith Douglas, a fa f ntastic array of specimen trees, many in glorious autu t mn colour and sup tu u erb up r weather in which to enj rb n oy it nj all. In February, we met at Bennington Lordship to sample an exquisite collection of Snowdrops and large drift f s of the usual Galanth ft t us nivalis th i . This was a veritab is a le fe ab f ast to a gardener’s eyes and great harb r inger to the gardening year. The above events had been rb organised by the Events Off ffi ff ficer Pamela Holt and were great tasters fo f r the coming spring and summer events. Our signature event fo f r the year was the fo f ur-day April visit to Guern r sey and this event started life rn f aft fe f er a conversation at the previous year’s Dinner with ft the then President, To T ny Overland and Raymond Evison. Raymond put together a magnifi f cent itinerary including his Clematis nursery, private gardens, museums and fi wonderfu f l springtime costal walks, bedecked in local fl fu f ora. The weather was non-stop sunshine, the accommodation superb r and the company fr rb f iendly and lively, y all that you y, would expect a Kew Guild visit to be. So popular was th t e event th t at th t e 24 places availab a le ab were fu f lly booked 24 hours aft f er the release of the details. ft In May we were off f to the Dorset Hampshire border to visit two of my fa ff f vourite gardens, Compton Acres and Exbury r . We ry W were received at Compton Acres by the owner, Bern r ard rn Merna, Peter Thoday the advisor and Mary Payne, the horticultural manager. It was a delightfu f l tour which outlined the strategy and work that had been undertaken to bring fu back this magnifi f cent garden fr fi f om its ‘tired’ state to its glorious present condition. The next day we had 32 members visiting what I fe f el is one of the best Rh R ododendron gardens in the country r . The owner, Lionel de Rothschild, spent the whole day with us, providing ry a great insight into the history and development of the gardens. For me however, the highlight of the day was when I realised that David Hardman and Lionel had arr r anged fo rr f r me to drive one of the garden’s steam locomotive on their narrow-gauge railway on a twenty-minute journ r ey around the gardens towing 32 Kew Guild members. I don’t think rn we lost any of them and I did get the train back to the station on time! Thank you so much, Lionel and David! June saw the Kew Guild again on tour, this time in Devon, organised by Stewart Henchie. A sup u erb up r ly mixed itinerary rb r th ry t at included th t e gardens at To T rr r e Abbey, y a brooding inspection y, of Haytor, on the Dartmoor National Park with its specifi f c native fl fi f ora and then on to the classic English garden at the Garden House, Buckland Monachoru r m. On the fo ru f llowing day, we travelled to Dartmouth on the Dartmouth Steam Railway, fo f llowed by a short


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142 cru r ise on the River Dart, fu ru f lly ap a preciating the glorious Devon country r side. Our fi ry f nal visit of the weekend was to Coleton Fishacre, the once Arts and Craft f country home of the ft D’Oyly Carte fa f mily, y with its magnifi y, f cent valley garden creating outstanding sea views. fi The fi f nal visit of my Presidential year saw the Guild travelling northward fo f r a three-day visit organised by good fr f iends of the Kew Guild, Rod and Jean Peach. The visits included Broomfi f eld College, Wi fi W llersley Castle, Haddon Hall and the delightfu f l private garden of fu Anita and Jeremy Butt, fo f llowed by the magnifi f cent gardens of Chatsworth House. Rod fi and Jean also provided all the Kew Guild visitors with a splendid evening at their home in Matlock. It was a stu t nning conclusion to what has been a great year of visits to some of tu the best gardens in the country r . ry Overall the year has seen a steady increase in the number of visitors attending the events, with some visits being fu f lly booked, with even a reserve list. We W are very r fo ry f rtu t nate that tu stu t dents and staff tu f have left ff f Kew to work at some of the best gardens in the land and thus ft allowed us to create a contact list, second to none, fo f r access to both great gardens and great speakers. If you haven’t been on one of th t e visits befo f re, or not attended fo fo f r a nu n mb m er of years, believe me it is well worth coming along to a fu f tu t re event. I kn k ow that already visits fo f r next year are being developed and that next year’s President will look fo f rward to seeing you there! I would just like to thank on your behalf all those who gave so much time organising a great year of events. The Annual Kew Guild Dinner This year’s dinner was again held in the Cambridge Cottage, Kew Green and fo f llowed the successfu f l fo fu f rmat of the previous two years. I fe f lt that it was a very convivial and entertaining evening, very r much in the spirit of the Kew Guild and again we achieved a ry f ll comp fu m lement of diners. The guest speaker was Richard Barley, mp y Director of Hort y, r icultu rt t re, tu Learning and Operations at Kew who provided us with an insight into the impressive present list of work within the gardens and a fl f avour of developments fo f r the fu f tu t re. The Kew Guild Medal was presented to Chris Beardshaw, the multi Chelsea Gold Medal winner and TV personality who provided us with an entertaining review of his work and gardening experiences. The George Brown Memorial Aw A ard went to Nicholas Boyes fo f r his unstinting work in keeping alive and promoting Profe f ssional Horticultu fe t re as a career tu and a community benefi f t. This pleasant evening event could not have hap fi a pened without ap the sterling work, behind the scenes, of our dinner organiser, Jennife f r Alsop and Master fe of Ceremonies, Richard Wa W rd. Both t have given unstinting serv th r ice over th rv t e years in making this very r popular annual Kew event possible and both have decided that this year would ry be their last in these roles. I pass on my gratefu f l thanks fr fu f om myself and all of the membership fo f r all of their eff ffo ff forts over so many years. W are at present in discussions with past President To We T ny Overland to take on some or all of the Annual Dinner tasks and look fo f rward to the continuation of the event to its present high standard. I can think of no one more suitab a le in this role than To ab T ny and already look f rw fo r ard to next year’s dinner! The president thanked Jennife f r Alsop and Richard Wa fe W rd fo f r all their work on the annual dinner over the last fe f w years – a hard act to fo f llow. Charitable incorporated Organisation (CIO) In 2014 the Kew Guild Tr Tru rustees, with the sup u port of the Kew Guild Committee off up ffi ff ficers started to review the changes being brought ab a out through the Charity Commission and the eff ffe ff fects that this would have on the fu f tu t re of the Kew Guild as a charity. The changes required by the Charity Commission challenged the present organisation and ru r les of the Kew Guild mainly around “the Public Benefi f t” requirements and there was a serious fi


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143 possibility that the Guild’s charitab a le statu ab t s could be lost and that that the Guild’s assets tu could be sequestrated. Members will recall that at the AGM of 5th September 2015 these matters were fu f lly discussed and the meeting agreed that the CIO model was the most suitab a le fo ab f r the Kew Guild. The AGM agreed that the Kew Guild Committee be authorised to make the necessary changes to the Guild’s Byelaws and make a submission to the Charity Commission fo f r the new CIO. For info f rmation, part of the report of the 5th September 2015 AGM meeting relating to fo the CIO is provided below. Recommendations 1. That the AGM agrees to the committee processing the submission to the Charity Commission fo f r the creation of a CIO in the name of the Kew Guild as shown in Appendix 2. 2. That the AGM agrees that the current charity assets be transfe f rred to the new CIO once fe a proved by the Charity Commission. ap 3. That the AGM agrees to, what will be the ‘old’ charity, y being deregistered fr y, f om the Charity Commission listing once the assets have been transfe f rred. fe 4. That the AGM agrees to include the names of the President, Immediate Past President, President Elect, Vi V ce Presidents, Treasurer plus Trustees fr f om the groups, Strategic Planning, Events, Membership, Aw A ards and Nominations as well as the Garden’s Representative as the Tr Tru rustees of the new CIO. 5. That the AGM agrees that the Tr Tru rustees nominated above collate the Byelaws fo f r the new CIO. 6. That the AGM agrees that the committee members of the ‘old’ charity, if not listed a ove, are en bloc ap ab a proved to serve on the committee as ordinary r members until the next ry AGM and 7. That the AGM agrees that the current consultants to the committee are approved to continue sup u porting the CIO. up It had been hoped th t at du d ring 2016 th t e ap a plication arr r angements would have been fi rr f nalised and sub u mitted and that at the AGM of that year a report could have been tab ub a led outlining ab that the application had been successfu f lly presented to the Charity Commission. For a fu number of reasons this did not hap a pen and fu ap f rther work was required on the ap a plication than had been originally planned. In November 2016, an application was made to the Charity Commission fo f r the Kew Guild CIO and this led to an exchange of emails over the next two months try r ing to make the necessary ry r changes to our ap ry a plication to meet the new “pub u lic benefi ub f t” guidelines that the Charity Commission required fr fi f om us. This was essentially around the area of the present Guild’s rules only allowing benefi f t to its fi members, which would preclude the Guild fr f om remaining a charity and suff ffe ff fering the threat of sequestration of its assets. Whilst this in itself was not a maj a or challenge to the aj way that the Guild operated, as all benefi f ts have to be ap fi a proved by one of its committees, we were unab a le to receive the acceptance of our ap ab a plication and it became clear that fo f r the ap a plication to be successfu f l it required profe fu f ssional sup fe u port. up


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144 At th t is point th t e Tr Tru rustees of th t e Kew Guild Committee decided th t at to fi f nish all th t e sterling work that Bob Ivison had done on their behalf, f it would be necessary f, r to seek legal advice ry to meet the Charity t Commission’s requ ty q irements. A fi qu f rm r of solicitors that had a Depart r ment rt specialising in Charity and Social Enterp r rise law, rp w Bates, We w, W lls & Braithwaite of London, were therefo f re ap fo a pointed to advise the Tr Tru rustees in the fi f nal adj d ustments necessary dj r fo ry f r the Charity Commission application. These changes were submitted back to the Charity Commission fo f r their consideration and on the 3rd April 2017 an email was received fr f om them that stated, “The info f rmation that you have provided has been considered and we fo are pleased to confi f rm that we are satisfi fi f ed that the work which the organisation will be fi undertaking is cap a ab ap a le of fu f rthering exclusively charitab a le purp ab r oses fo rp f r pub u lic benefi ub f t. We fi W are therefo f re hap fo a py to invite the Kew Guild to register.” ap All these matters were reported back to the 1st June 2017 meeting of the Kew Guild Committee fo f r agreement and fo f r authority fo f r the fi f nal ap a plication to be made. This was made in July and I am hap a py to report that very ap r speedily we received confi ry f rmation fr fi f om the Charity Commission that our application fo f r the new Kew Guild CIO had been successfu f l. Now that the new Kew Guild CIO ap fu a plication has been successfu f lly received fu by the Charity Commission the fi f nal two pieces of work can take place. These are the transfe f r of the current ‘old’ charity assets to the new CIO and the deregistration of the fe ‘old’ charity fr f om the Charity Commission listing, if deemed ap a propriate. The transfe f r of fe the assets to the new CIO is an important fi f nancial and legal procedu d re and in the case of du the Kew Guild there are signifi f cant cap fi a ital resources involved. The process also needs us ap to fo f llow closely the procedures required by the Charity Commission to achieve their agreement to our proposals. Because of these issues, it has been agreed by the Tr Tru rustees that the services of Bates, We W lls & Braithwaite be retained until all of the transfe f r and fe related matters are completed. The timing and outcome of this work will depend on the guidance that we receive fr f om our solicitors as we begin the transfe f r of assets arrangements. (It may be that the “old” fe Guild Charity continues in some fo f rm in the fu f tu t re as a mechanism fo f r easy management of th t e Guild’s assets). It is th t erefo f re proposed th fo t at th t e Kew Guild Committee be au a th t orised to develop and imp m lement th mp t e most ap a propriate mechanism fo f r tr t ansfe f r of assets, as guided fe by our legal advisors. The outcome of this will be reported back to the AGM 2018 fo f r info f rmation. fo It is with some relief that this ap a plication process to the Charity Commission is nearing an end and that the transfe f r of assets arr fe r angements and the deregistration of the “old” tru rr r st ru (if this route is chosen) can be completed sometime in the fu f tu t re. Finally, y I wish to give my sincere thanks to the fo y, f llowing:Bob Ivison fo f r all his eff ffo ff forts working on the ap a plication since the matter started in 2014. Both past Presidents, To T ny Overland and David Hardman, who have during their Presidential year had to steer matters towards a successfu f l outcome and who have fu sup u ported me in the decisions of this year. up Most importantly, y the members of the Kew Guild Committee who have read and digested y, all the pap a er work produ ap d ced over this time to ensure that they understood the issues and du provided the necessary r challenges to proceedings to ensure that the Guild’s best interests ry were always met. Bob Ivison will continue work as negotiator with solicitors and Charity Commission to ensure the assets are not put at risk in any way. AS thanked BI fo f r all the work r thanked every rk r one who attended the last committee meeting – they spent a lot of time ry reading reams of pap a er and info ap f rmation. fo


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John Wo W odhams Aw A ard

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As someone who worked with John when I was a stu t dent, I had immense respect fo tu f r him as one of life f ’s natu fe t ral gentlemen and a great fr tu f iend of th t e Kew Guild. Aft f er his sad passing ft away I was very r pleased and gratefu ry f l that his wife fu f Joan provided the Kew Guild with the fe resources to set up u the John Wo W odhams Aw A ard, to assist the stu t dy of plants in the tropics. tu Further detail will be provided in the Aw A ards Committee Chairman’s report, but I would personally like to thank Joan fo f r this most generous and ap a propriate Aw A ard. Thank you to the committee Finally, y I would like to thank all the Tr y, Tru rustees and Committee Members of the Kew Guild Committee fo f r their unceasing help and sup u port over what has been fo up f r me a great year – I just hope they have enj n oyed it as much as I have! nj AH asked what the benefi f ts are of the Guild being a charity? AS replied that the Guild fi must retain the charitab a le statu ab t s or stand to lose benefi tu f ts and have the assets taken away. fi ILS asked if it was possible to ab a andon the ‘Old Kew Guild’ and fo f r members to vote on this. AS replied that this issue is not possible at this time without proper legal advice and t is is one reason why we have emp th m loyed solicitors to adv mp d ise us. AS th dv t an a ked ILS fo f r asking all the challenging questions throughout the year. 13.17

Graduation Day – Student Aw A ards results

The annual School of Horticultu t re Gradu tu d ation Day and stu du t dent prize giving was held on tu the 8th September in the Lisa Sainsbury Lecture Theatre. The Graduation Day is an imp m ort mp r ant day in th rt t e Kew calendar and a memorab a le day fo ab f r th t e stu t dents and th tu t eir fa f milies. The Guild was represented at the event by your President and President Elect. As is the tradition, the Kew Guild provided the fu f nding fo f r the fo f llowing prizes and this year’s successfu f l stu fu t dents are as fo tu f llows:Matilda Smith Memorial Prize: Kew Guild Individu d al Stu du t dy Prize: tu Proudlock Prize: Dummer Memorial Prize: George Brown Prize: Kew Guild Cup u : up T m Reynolds Prize fo To f r Plant Biochemistry r and Physiology: ry C.P. P Raff P. ffi ff fill Prize

Thomas Pickering Thomas Pickering W ll Spoelstra Wi Thomas Pickering Thomas Pickering Nicola Lloyd Richard Choksey Solène Dequiret

The Students made a fi f lm of their year at Kew which will be shown at the end of the meeting. AS commented that it was brilliant watching the stu t dents’ enthusiasm and seeing tu how the Guild are making a diff ffe ff ference to younger people. 14.17

Election of Off ffi ff ficers

Because of the successfu f l ap fu a plication to the Charity Commission by the Kew Guild fo f r the new CIO it is inap a propriate that the usual vote on new Tr ap Tru rustees takes place, fo f r this year only. Further details are included in the President’s report on the CIO issue. It is therefo f re proposed that to continue the work of the “old Guild”, the existing, in term fo Tru r stees, off ru ffi ff ficers and consultants be voted “en bloc” fo f r the coming year, or, until the


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146 “old” Kew Guild Charity assets are transfe f rr fe r ed and a decision taken on whether the charity is deregistered fr f om the Charity Commission Listings. The AGM of 2015 approved the names of the “old Guild” posts that would fo f rm the Tru Tr rustees of the new CIO once set up u and the names of these Tr Tru rustees were then included in the application recently approved by the Charity Commission. The names of these trustees are as fo f llows: - Alan Stuttard, Jean Griff ffi ff fin, Sylvia Phillips, Stewart Henchie, T ny Overland, Pamela Holt, David Hardman, Chris Kidd, Tim Upson, Graham Heywood To and Susan Urp r eth. Therefo rp f re the “old” and “new” tru fo r sts will operate in tandem until the ru decision is made regarding the transfe f r of assets to the new tru fe r st and deregistration of the ru “old” tru r st (if ap ru a plicab a le) has occurred. ab From 2018 the AGM will once again vote on any new Tr Tru rustees on the usual three-year term of off ffi ff fice to the new CIO. It proposed that all the above arrangements, trustees, off ffi ff ficers and consultants fo f r the coming year be ap a proved. Events Off ffi ff ficer: Brian Phillips has volunteered to be the Events Off ffi ff ficer and with no other nominations, it was agreed fo f r Brian to take over immediately. Brian asked fo f r someone to work with him as he needed sup u port on the horticultu up t ral side of things and there needed tu to be a review of fi f nancial arrangements fo f r events. SA commented that there is a part of the website that allows people to book events, but this must be tied in with online payments. LB said that there could be a separate bank account fo f r tour monies to be paid into. AS welcomed Brian on board. List of off ffi ff ficers and election of off ffi ff ficers; AS asked to members to ap a prove (attached at Appendix 2). Subscription rates: Increases in subscriptions to be defe f rred fo fe f r this year. The work involved takes hours of chasing people to update their standing orders. A direct debit system is needed so any increases can be taken automatically. LB commented that the Guild needs a new bank account fo f r the CIO. It was therefo f re proposed that this would be fo an ideal time to change the membership collection fr f om Standing Order to Direct Debit as soon as is practicab a le. ab 15.17

Any Other Business

Kew Guild Archives Report – Astrid Purton Since January r 2017 three lots of pap ry a ers have been deposited in the Guild Archives, located ap in the Herb r arium. This includes pap rb a ers fr ap f om a Guild member, a fo f rmer President and the outgoing Treasurer. Feedback about the Record-Management guidelines suggests they have been usefu f l but should anyone have questions about what to deposit please don’t fu hesitate to contact me. A webpage about the Guild’s Archives and History is also now availab a le online. ab Curr r ently I am in the process of reviewing the Guild’s photograp rr a hic collection to ascertain ap if it requires re-packaging. The results of this review will be presented to the Committee at a later date. In the meantime, RBG Kew have indicated that personal pap a ers fr ap f om your time at Kew are invaluable. This can include correspondence, photograp a hs, diaries and ap student notebooks. I invite members in possession of such material to donate it to the archives. Wi W th regards to photograp a hs, Journ ap r al editor Sparkle Wa rn W rd, RBG Kew Archives Off ffi ff ficer Kiri Ross-Jones and I are working on a new copyright fo f rm. Many thanks to Richard Wa W rd, Sparkle Wa W rd, David Hardman, and Sara Arn r old fo rn f r ongoing sup u port and up work with the Guild’s archives. I shall be moving to France in October. I will work with


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147 Secretary r Sara and the Committee to continue as Archivist remotely, ry y and will be retu y, t rn tu r ing to the UK fr f om time to time. I will continue to report to the Committee. All subj b ect to bj Committee agreement. If you have personal pap a ers fr ap f om your time at Kew, w which you would be hap w, a py and willing ap to donate, we would be very r hap ry a py to keep th ap t ose but memb m ers mu mb m st be aware th t at anyth t ing th that goes onto the Guild archive becomes pub u lic. ub 16.17

Inauguration of the new President, Jean Griff ffi ff fin

AS invited Jean to the fr f ont and said it was a great honour to bestow the Presidency on her, it was good to have a fe f male President again. Jean Griff ffi ff fin accepted the President’s ribbon and said that she was honoured to take over fo f r the 2017-18 Kew Guild year. Jean then thanked members fo f r their sup u port. JG presented AS with the Past President’s badge up and members present gave him a round of ap a plause. Jean urged anyone who kn k ows anyone at Kew to encourage them to come along and join the Guild. She commented that as soon as students leave Kew, they miss out on the camaraderie and close relationships that can last a life f time. fe TO is arranging a visit to the Bodenham Arb r oretu rb t m on Satu tu t rday 21st October and there tu will also be a visit to Kent fo f r later on in the Presidential year. All we need is something d ring the summer and all suggestions would be welcome. Jean then invited all of the past du Presidents present to join her fo f r a group u photo fo up f r the web site. 17.17

Date of next Annual General Meeting:

Satu t rday 8th September 2018 at Wa tu W kehurst Place.

Thhe current (Jean Griiff ffi fin)) andd past Presiidents line up u , fr f om L to R: To T m Wo W odd, Jiim Miitchhelll, Stewart Henchie, Martin Sands, Alex George, Jean Griff ffi ff fin, Allan Hart, David Hardman, Bob Ivison, Colin Hindmarch, To T ny Overland. (Alan Stu t ttard, immediate past President had gone fo tu f r a cup u of tea so was up not in the lineup u ). © Graham Heywood up


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School of Horticulture Presentation of Kew Diploma and Prizes 8th September 2017 Course 52

The Director, Richard Deverell, welcomed those present to the newly refu f rb fu r ished Jodrell Lecture Theatre to mark and celebrate the completion of their courses by 24 of Kew’s horticultu t ral stu tu t dents. He went on to say: “To tu T day we celebrate the gradu To d ation of the 11 du stu t dents of course number 52 of the Kew Diploma. tu The Kew Diploma is an intern r ationally respected degree-level qualifi rn f cation in botanical fi hort r icultu rt t re. Not only do th tu t ese stu t dents kn tu k ow a great deal ab a out growing plants – including a huge diversity of exotic and rare plants – but they also have a solid grounding plant science, taxonomy and conservation. They are always a very international group. This year’s cohort includes a stu t dent each fr tu f om Germany, y Poland, Jap y, a an and France. ap W also celebrate th We t e comp m letion of th mp t e Kew Hort r icultu rt t ral Apprenticeship – we have today tu nine ap a prentices including intern r ational stu rn t dents fr tu f om the USA, Sri Lanka and the Czech Repub u lic. And we have fo ub f ur Specialist Stu t dents – this is our fi tu f rst year of these Specialist Certifi f cates. These are paid positions like the Kew Diploma/Apprenticeship but diff fi ffe ff fer in that they are one year in du d ration and stu t dents will spend their entire year in one particular tu specialism area. To T day we have stu t dents who have worked in display and nursery tu r glass; ry the Kitchen Garden and two stu t dents who specialised in orn tu r amental horticultu rn t re. tu The Diploma is fa f mously hard work. Indeed, all of our stu t dents have worked extremely tu hard to reach this point today, y including making a vitally important contribution to the y, horticultural standards and daily ru r nning of these wonderfu f l gardens here at Kew. Our fu graduating students and apprentices have all secured positions fo f llowing their studies, either via employment, continued fu f rther edu d cation or have decided to take time out to du travel. This year, remarkab a ly, ab y 11 stu y, t dents and ap tu a prentices will be staying as garden staff f ff with RBG Kew (10 at Kew and 1 at Wa W kehurst). This, I believe, is a record and suggests to me that the standard this year is exceptionally high. As part of their course the students and apprentices have undertaken various travel scholarships around the world. These trips enrich their horticultu t ral kn tu k owledge and oft f en ft tie in with their dissertation studies. Further info f rmation on travel scholarships can be fo f und in the Prize day programme. The Kew Diploma Stu fo t dents also undertake two fi tu f eld trips to Bangor in North Wa W les and Eastern r Andalucía in Spain. These provide them with rn a wealth of hands-on experience in two contrasting landscap a es. I kn ap k ow just how imp m ortant mp and popular these courses are – many of the students tell me the week in Wa W les is the highlight of the three year course. Thank you – • Roy Lancaster CBE VMH, our guest of honour, as nominated by our gradu d ating du stu t dents. tu • Marcus Agius fo f r attending and, in du d e, course giving a vote of thanks. • Family and fr f iends of the stu t dents and ap tu a prentices attending the event. • The many sponsors of the prizes. • The garden staff f who help in developing the stu ff t dents and ap tu a prentice’s practical and theoretical skills. • The science staff f who link in with the stu ff t dent’s stu tu t dies either through proj tu o ect work of oj more fo f rmal lectu t res. tu • The library r staff ry f in assisting with their stu ff t dies. tu


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149 • All the lectu t rers who deliver a whole wealth of sub tu ubj ub bject topics du d ring lectu t re blocks. tu Our stu t dents today join an infl tu f uential and global network of Kew horticultu fl t ral alumni. I tu am stru r ck just how oft ru f en on visiting one of the great Botanic Gardens of the world to be ft shown around by someone who’s fi f rst words are ‘I stu t died at Kew’. They then tell me just tu how much hard work the Kew Diploma was when they did it as if they are somehow still scarred by the experience! They sometimes add that it’s much easier now – this is emphatically not tru r e! ru But they also go on to tell me how important it was in shap a ing the entire traj ap a ectory aj r of their ry hort r icultu rt tur tu ural car a eer an ar a d how th t e fr f iendships an a d netw t ork tw r s th rk t ey fo f rg r ed at Kew have endu dur du ured and proved invaluable. May I urge you to make the best of this community – to be an active part of it and, of course, to stay in touch with RBG Kew. And may I end by repeating my very r sincere congratu ry t lations fo tu f r all that you have learn r ed rn and achieved on your respective courses. I want to congratu t late you not just on what you tu have already achieved – but also fo f r what I kn k ow you will go on to achieve in your careers in horticultu t re. We tu W are very r proud of our horticultu ry t ral stu tu t dents. I would like ask every tu r one ry here today to join me in congratulating them fo f r their hard work and completing their respective courses. For each of them, it is a day of great pride – deservedly so – and a tremendous achievement.” Richard Barley, y Director of Horticultu y, t re, Learn tu r ing and Operations was then invited by rn Tim Hughes to give his introdu d ction. du Tim Hughes, Head of the School of Horticultu t re, then began the presentation ceremony tu by saying: “Graduation day is very much about a celebration of the students’ and a prentices’ achievements. It is an ackn ap k owledgement of th kn t eir hard work r in obtaining eith rk t er th the Kew Diploma, Kew Specialist Certifi f cate or a Kew Apprenticeship. fi For those gradu d ating stu du t dents and ap tu a prentices this day marks the end of a chap a ter in your ap horticultu t ral career but also the start of something new. We tu W wish you well, and hope you keep in contact with the School. So, befo f re I tu fo t rn r to the presentation of certifi f cates and fi prizes, thanks must go to all our sponsors of prizes, many of whom are in the audience today. I would like to thank the commitment of Kew staff ff, ff f, visiting lectu t rers and examiners who tu continue to give tremendous sup u port to the School of Horticultu up t re. tu I would now like to invite our Guest of Honour, Roy Lancaster, to make th t e presentations. I shall fi f rst read out the awards and prizes, fo f llowed by the name of the recipient, in alphab a etical order:” ab Kew Diploma p A ards Aw Chris Brown Kew Diploma with Credit Joe Clements Kew Diploma with Honours Solène Dequiret The C P Raff ffi ff fill Prize to the winner of the Kew Mutu t al Improvement Society’s stu tu t dent tu


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150 lectu t re competition tu The Squire’s Garden Centre Prize fo f r the best overall perfo f rmance in landscap fo a e stu ap t dies tu The Wo W rshipfu f l Company of Gardeners’ Prize fo fu f r 3rd year stu t dent achieving top overall tu academic marks with English as their additional language Kew Diploma with Honours Luke Gunner A Kew Diploma with a Pass Miranda Janatka The Kingdon-Wa W rd Prize awarded to the stu Wa t dent attaining the highest marks in their tu f nal-year dissertation fi The Kew Gardener Prize to the top stu t dent in Amenity Horticultu tu t re tu Kew Diploma with Credit Misako Kasahara A Kew Diploma with Honours Nicola Lloyd The Kew Guild Cup u fo up f r obtaining the highest marks in the 1st year vegetab a le plot ab proj o ect oj The Ashley Hughes Memorial Prize fo f r the stu t dent showing most sup tu u port and up congeniality to their course colleagues Kew Diploma with Credit T m Pickering To The George Conrad Johnson Memorial Prize fo f r the best overall perfo f rmance on the fo Kew Diploma course The Matilda Smith Memorial Prize given to the best practical stu t dent overall tu The Fred Larkb k ey Cup kb u awarded to the stu up t dent achieving the highest marks in their tu practical work placements The F Nigel Hepper Cup u in recognition of the highest achievement in plant up identifi f cation assessments fi The George Brown Prize awarded to the top stu t dent in the Arb tu r oretu rb t m and Horticultu tu t ral tu Services Section The Alitex Glasshouse Aw A ard, awarded to the stu t dent who has demonstrated the best tu practical perfo f rmance du fo d ring their work placements under glass The Kew Guild Individu d al Stu du t dy Prize fo tu f r the person attaining the highest marks in their Systematic Botany Proj o ect oj The Wo W rshipfu f l Company of Gardeners’ Prize to the stu fu t dent attaining the top overall tu academic and practical marks The Freda Howson Aw A ard fo f r excellence in Ecology and Conservation The Donald Dring and Gilbert Memorial Prize fo f r the stu t dent attaining the highest tu marks in Entomology and the Crop Protection proj o ect oj The Dummer Memorial Prize fo f r the best Herb r arium proj rb o ect oj Kew Diploma with Honours Kate Rzepinska Kew Diploma with Credit Will Spoelstra The Proudlock Prize to the stu t dent attaining the highest mark in their plant propagation tu essay Kew Diploma with Credit


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Anna Ta T ck Kew Diploma with Credit

151

Kew Specialist p Certifi f cates and Apprenticeship fi pp p Prizes and Aw A ards Kew Specialist p Certifi f cates: fi Charlotte Parsons Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Display and Nursery fi r Glass ry Daniel Le Cornu Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Kitchen Garden Produ fi d ction du Sophie Whittall Kew Specialist Certifi f cate in Orn fi r amental Horticultu rn t re tu Bex Lane Kew Guild Specialist Certifi f cate in Orn fi r amental Horticultu rn t re tu Apprenticeships: pp p Janaka Balasuriya The Historic Glasshouse ap a prentice with the best Collection Assignment prize The Historic Glasshouse ap a prentice with the highest test results in Plant Identifi f cation fi prize The Historic Glasshouse ap a prentice with the best Wo W rk Journ r als and Plant Profi rn f les Prize fi Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction Edward Barrett Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction Alex Little Kew Apprenticeship with Distinction Kew Apprenticeships with Distinction were also awarded to: Kevin Scott Creed Mark Sheppard T mas Stehlik To All of whom are unfo f rtu fo t nately unab tu a le to join us today. ab Certifi f cates of Attendance are awarded to: fi Jonathan Swain Felix Cleverly Bradley Gangadeen All of whom are unfo f rtu fo t nately unab tu a le to join us today. ab Other awards and prizes p Richard Choksey The To T m Reynolds’ Prize fo f r Plant Biochemistry r and Physiology awarded to the person ry obtaining the highest marks in this sub ubj ub bject The Chartered Institu t te of Horticultu tu t re Prize fo tu f r top 1st year Diploma stu t dent tu


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152 Alison Legg Gardens Illustrated Prize awarded by the magazine to the stu t dent attaining the highest tu marks in fi f rst year practical sub ubj ub bjects Olivia Steed-Mundin The Metcalf Cup u fo up f r the top 2nd year Diploma stu t dent tu Harry Baldwin The Sir Joseph Hooker Prize is given in recognition of the work carried out by the Chairman of the Kew Mutu t al Improvement Society tu Tim Hughes then invited Roy Lancaster to say a fe f w words. Marcus Agius, Chairman of the Board of Tr Tru rustees, gave a Vo V te of Thanks. Joe Clements of Course 52 then gave the Student Vo V te of Thanks with accompanying video presentation. Tim Hughes then said in closing: “I would once again like to thank Roy Lancaster and every r one involved in making this special day come together. While there are too many ry people to mention individually, none of it would be possible without the patience and sup u port of Jennife up f r, Kate, Denise and Martin, the staff fe f of the School of Horticultu ff t re – so tu a big thank you to you and a big thank-you to Carlos Magdalena and John Picton fo f r today’s wonderfu f l fl fu f oral displays. If I can ask the audience to please remain seated while the Platfo f rm Party, Diploma fo graduates, Apprentice graduates and prizewinners fo f llow Kate to the Grass Garden fo f r photograp a hs. Later on at 5 o’clock guests are invited to enj ap n oy a tour of the Gardens on the nj Kew Exp x lorer. xp r The tour r. u lasts ap ur a proximately 35 minu n tes an nu a d depar art ar rts fr f om th t e Grass Gar a den. ar I would like to add my fi f nal thank-you to all of you fo f r attending today and I hope you will join us at the School of Horticultu t re where aft tu f ern ft r oon tea will be served.” rn

Kew Stu t dents Prizegiving - Group tu u Photo up ©RBG Kew


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153

Faye Adams 58191

Neil Alderson 58187

Rebecca Lane 57675

Eve Halliday 58188

Charles Harpur 58189

Sahjan Kooner 58190

Daniel Le Cornu 57664

Course 55 © RBG Kew


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154

Student Report by Alex Little

Another year has passed and a successfu f l one at that. Course 52, Apprenticeship schemes fu 7 and 8 and also the fi f rst year of Specialist Certifi f cates have gradu fi d ated with fl du f ying colours and are all now fo f llowing the path out into the horticultu t ral world; we all wish them the tu best of luck. I believe a record eight of these students have also stayed and are now embarking on their careers in new positions throughout the gardens. This is also a very r ry exciting time fo f r all the new stu t dents who have joined us du tu d ring September 2017 and in tru r e fa ru f shion the traditional clog and ap a ron went underw r ay and proved to be as comp rw m etitive mp as previous years and was won by Course 55’s Charlie Harpur. This years race was concluded with the annual welcome BBQ hosted by Course 54. Course 54 have compiled an exciting list of guest speakers fo f r this year’s KMIS lectu t res tu which will be hosted within the newly refu f rb fu r ished Lisa Sainsbury r suite located within the ry Jodrell lab a oratories, at the usual time of 6 to 7pm. This year’s lectu ab t res include exciting tu topics fr f om guest speakers such as Olivier Filipi talking on ‘Dry r is Beautifu ry f l’ and Anna fu Lewington speaking ab a out ‘Sacred trees of the North: Birches in the cultu t ral landscap tu a e.’ ap As well as many of Course 53 talking about their successfu f l travel scholarships to all fu corn r ers of the world. rn Course 54 completed their fi f rst years lecture block all fi f nishing with promising results which they can carry r fo ry f rward into their second year. A special mention must go to Alison Legg who won the Gardens Illustrated Prize, fo f r the stu t dent attaining the highest marks tu in the fi f rst year practical sub ubj ub bjects and also Richard Choksey, y who scooped two awards fo y, f r the highest marks achieved within the subj b ect of plant physiology and overall top fi bj f rst year stu t dent. tu Course 53 are now entering th t e fi f nal year of lectu t re block and have comp tu m leted a successfu mp f l fu f eld trip to North Wa fi W les despite all of the rain, where they undertook a two week ecology proj o ect. They too have all also had a successfu oj f l year and all attained high marks within fu the examination period. Olivia Steed-Mundin was awarded the Metcalfe f cup fe u du up d ring the gradu d ation ceremony fo du f r the stu t dent obtaining the highest second year examination marks tu and the Sir Joseph Hooker prize was awarded to Harry r Baldwin fo ry f r his services last year to the KMIS society. As 2017 draws to a close we should all take a look back at how successfu f l it has been and fu what has been achieved by all du d ring the course of the year. Looking fo f rward to 2018, I am sure that it will be as successfu f l as the last and we wish all stu fu t dent ap tu a prentices and Specialist Certifi f cates the best du fi d ring their exam and dissertation periods.

Kew Guild Events in 2017 Thorpe Perrow Arboretum 22nd October (2016) by Stephen Ashworth

Faith was rewarded as 13 Kewites travelled fa f r to this northern r outp rn t ost one Satu tp t rday late tu in September, fo f r on this day the 100 acre Arb r oretu rb t m was bathed in autu tu t mn sunshine and tu the start of autu t mn tints. It was Faith too who led us around (Faith Douglas, the part-time tu curator, a one-time nurse who re-trained at Askham Bryan College). This remarkable collection boasts 55 UK champion trees and fi f ve national collections of genera such as T lia, Ju Ti J glans and Co C tinus.


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155 The Arboretum is privately owned by the Ropner fa f mily, who bought the Millbank Pinetu t m of Vi tu V ctorian origin and underp r lanted the conife rp f rs with Jap fe a anese map ap a les. The Acer ap Glade is now set off f by blue ff spruces and a specimen M gn Ma g olia of off ffi ficinalis i var. biloba. is An avenue of Elms has been replaced unconventionally with a doub u le line of Acer palm ub l atum lm ‘Osakazuki’ backed by a fo f il of Italian alders which also act as a windbreak. Somehow in this north-easterly location a mild micro-climate has been established; we saw Eucry ryp ry yphia still in fl f ower. © Pamela Holt The Ropner fa f mily has had its eccentricities; Sir Leonard Ropner was the maj a or infl aj f uence fl in the Arb r oretu rb t m’s creation but was prone to some of life tu f ’s vices so that by the time his fe son, Sir John Ropner, inherited it in 1977, it was a jungle. A meeting with Lord Hesletine convinced him to open it to the pub u lic in 1980, which in doing so released a £50,000 grant. ub Now 70,000 people visit the Arb r oretum annually but the level of income to employees rb thus fu f nded is well demonstrated in that in addition to a part-time Curator there is just one f ll-time gardener, a handyman, 15 volunteers and Lady Ropner who was once fr fu f equently seen on a mower. A remarkab a le lesson in eff ab ffi ff ficiency to ru r n a 110 acre Arb r oretu rb t m. tu Maybe a little incongru r ous, a Bird of Prey and Mammal Centre is located in the fo ru f rmer walled kitchen garden but then it provides a rounded experience to the Arb r oretu rb t m visitor. tu The plant collection is diligently lab a elled, but with cattle ear-tags! A novel way to beat the ab ubiquitous label thieves. A visitor has to purchase the Arboretum Catalogue to crossrefe f rence the naming, making plant identifi fe f cation a little opaque to the casual visitor, and fi even to the Kewite with an eye fo f r detail and accuracy. For the Sunday stroller however it is simply a sup u erb up r ly varied and beautifu rb f l landscap fu a e. ap

Benington Lordship Tr T ip 18th February by Bob Ivison

On a fi f ne but cold Saturday in February, 23 intrepid Guild members including their guests met at the stunning spring garden of Benington Lordship the home of the Bott fa f mily. We W were met by Richard Bott, the present owner, and were given an introdu d ctory du r talk and a short ry walk through the more fo f rmal areas of the garden to set the scene and get orientated fo f r memb m ers to make their own way mb around this Edwardian Garden and old Norman Castle site. Aft f er this introduction members soon broke up into small ft group u s to explore the gardens in more detail. up


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156 Benington Lordship is situ t ated just fo tu f ur miles east of Stevenage in the pictu t resque village tu of Benington. The Lordship Gardens spread over seven acres, surr r ounding a fi rr f ne Georgian manor house with remains of a Norman Castle and moat. We W were ab a le to ap a preciate this peacefu f l location, a haven fo fu f r wildlife f and unspoilt views over the surrounding fe Hertfo f rdshire country fo r side. ry Benington’s kn k own history r goes back to Saxon times when it was a fo ry f rtifi f ed site used by fi t e kings of Mercia. Aft th f er th ft t e Norm r an conqu rm q est, Wi qu W lliam th t e First gave th t e fo f rt r ifi f ed Manor fi to Peter de Va V loinges and the remains of that Norman motte and bailey fo f rtifi f cation are fi still clearly visible. The north wall shows some very well preserved fl f intwork laid in a herringbone pattern r and is the only Norman stonework left rn f in Hertfo ft f rdshire. fo The present red brick manor house was rebuilt aft f er a fi ft f re in ab a out 1700. In 1832 George Proctor built the magnifi f cent fl fi f int gatehouse including the curtain wall and summer house. This romantic fo f lly is the work of James Pulham who was fa f mous fo f r work using his ‘Pulamite stone’. This secret mixture was a sort of cement that could be moulded to replicate stonework. Much of his work is now recognised as signifi f cant and a great deal fi of research is now being undertaken on other Pulham fe f atu t res around the county and the tu rest of the country r with fe ry f atu t res in Buckingham Palace and Sandringham gardens. tu In 1905 the present owner’s great grandfa f ther Arthur Bott bought the Lordship and fa surrounding Estate. He built the Edwardian extension on the west side of the house. This included the unusual verandah which would seem to be a consequ q ence of his work qu r in India rk as an engineer. By 1970 the garden was somewhat dilap a idated and Sarah Bott, with the help of Ian Billot ap and then Richard We W bb, spent the next 25 years restoring it to its current state. They have taken great care to preserve its Edwardian character and the info f rmal way it enhances its fo historic surroundings. The gardens are best kn k own fo f r the huge drift f s of natu ft t ralised snowdrops that cover most tu of the moat and the grounds around the Norman castle and house and it is these we came to see and were not disap a pointed. Tw ap T o species make up u this spectacular display, y the single y, Snowdrop Galanth t us nivalis th i , and the doub is u le, Galanth ub t us nivalis th i ‘Flore Pleno’ but over 200 is named varieties are grown around the garden. Although the tour was to view the extensive array of snowdrops we were also able to admire the Vi V ctorian Folly, y the Kitchen Garden, the contemporary y, r sculptu ry t res, carp tu r pond, rp wildlife f area and the Rose Gardens. fe Aft f er the tour of the gardens we were ab ft a le to warm up u with a steaming bowl of homemade soup u and a cup up u of tea in the small cafe up f , exchanging our thoughts on what we had just seen fe befo f re making our way back to the cars - not fo fo f rgetting to purchase some special ‘in the green’ snowdrop bulbs on the way out - and made our journ r ey home. rn

Guernsey Vi V sit 6th-9th April by Alan Stu t ttard tu

Little did we know, w when we presented Raymond Evison with the Honorary w, r Fellowship ry to the Kew Guild at last year’s Dinner, that events would unfo f ld whereby the Kew Guild fo would be in Guern r sey fo rn f r spring the fo f llowing year. Raymond, very r gracefu ry f lly, fu y off y, ffe ff fered to host a visit by the Guild to Guernsey in the spring of this year. On the 6th of April, 24 Guild members fo f und themselves meeting in the carp r ark of the Bella Luce hotel to begin rp


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Bluebells and the Kew Guild

157 an excellent visit to this horticultu t rally rich island. Our fi tu f rst visit was to Le Va V llon, the home of Antony and Jane Phillippi, a ten acre valley garden, with views across the east coast of Guern r sey that has evolved over many years. This wonderfu rn f l garden is split into a fu magnifi f cent fo fi f rmal area, a natu t ral wooded area adorn tu r ed with English Bluebells dissected rn with moss pathways and a stream ru r nning into a large pond, surrounded by Ly Lys ysichiton americanum. This was all fr f amed by gentle rolling parkland with a great stock of matu t re tu trees. However, the best part was kept until the end, when we entered the sup u erb up r walled rb kitchen garden with its cold fr f ames and glasshouses stu t ff tu ffe fed with plants awaiting spring planting. The sup u erb up r south fa rb f cing wall was covered with trained ap a ples and peaches just beginning to stir into seasonal life f – a real gardener’s paradise. fe Our next visit was to Forest Lodge, the home of ‘Ta T ttie Ta Thompson’, the Chairman of the Guernsey Plant Heritage Group. This was a relatively new garden created fr f om a virgin site and laid out like an artist’s palate with colour themes running throughout the garden. Even though it was early in the year splashes of colour were beginning to ap a pear with the variegated Brunnera macro rop ro ophy h lla and Clianthus puniceus albus catching the eye. Ta T ttie was the ideal host who treated us all to coff ffe ff fee an a d a Guern r sey speciality rn ty, ty y, Gache, a ty typ ype of tea bread.

Our fi f nal visit fo f r the day was to walk along the wooded coastal paths at Petit Bot, overlooking the r gged eastern ru r coastline of Guern rn r sey. When Raymond rn promised us Bluebells on our visit in early April I have to say I was a little sceptical, but how wrong could I be! The pathways were lined with a tap a estry ap r of native wild fl ry f owers including Bluebells, Primroses, Triangular stalked Garlic, Sea and Red Campion and Stitchwort. This was defi f nitely Mother Natu fi t re at her best and the mild Guern tu r sey climate rn had given us a very r early start to the year. ry T end the day we met in our hotel befo To f re dinner to receive a presentation fr fo f om Raymond titled “Clematis fo f r today’s gardens” and an overview to our visit on the fo f llowing day to his Guernsey Clematis Nursery. Over a fi f ne dinner I asked Raymond to give me the defi f nitive answer to that age old query fi ry, ry y, the proper pronunciation of the genus Clematis. Is it a soft f or hard “a” – Raymond ft was very defi f nite on the hard fi “a” and who am I to arg r ue with rg t th t e guru th r of th ru t e Clematis world. The fo f llowing day we visited Ray a mond’s Guern ay r sey Clematis rn Nursery and at this point I think some fa f cts are worth providing to give some idea of the scale of the enterp r rise. The rp nursery produces 25% of the world’s annual requirement of young Clematis plants, export r ing as fa rt f r afi f eld as China fi and Asia. 60% of their production goes to America, with the other big markets

L-R: Raymond Evison, Pamela Holt, To T ny Overland, Gill Challen, Brian Phillips, Jan Overland, Diana Polhill, Martin and We W ndy Stanifo f rth, fo Brian Challen, Sylvia Phillips, Nick Boyes, Te T resa Ivison, Tr T icia Fisher, Amanda Osaria, Jean Griff ffi ff fin


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158 being the UK and Europe. Produ d ction of Clematis by the nursery du r fo ry f r 2017 is expected to be a massive 2.5 million plants, a very r impressive set of statistics! ry Raymond took us through all the stages of produ d ction, but the one area that most of our du members were waiting to see was the breeding programme that produced all the new varieties. This area was a sea of magnifi f cent colours fr fi f om which the best cultivars are chosen and “bulked up” in numbers fo f r marketing and release. This was a very “hush, hush” area where we were not allowed to photograp a h individu ap d al plants and where we saw du the new varieties to be launched at this year’s Chelsea Flower Show. I had never realised how important to the fi f nancial success of the company the marketing launch and branding was. This year’s Clematis varieties to be released at Chelsea are stu t nning, but you will tu have to see them fo f r yourself, f as we were all sworn f, r to secrecy! rn Aft f er a leisurely lunch at the Beauccette Marina (created by the military ft r blasting a hole ry on the seaward side of a landlocked potential harbour) we then went to a completely diff ffe ff ferent ty typ ype of venu n e at Sau nu a marez Park au r . The spring bedding in fr rk f ont of th t e larg r e Georg rg r ian rg styled residence was superb r and the shrubberies were ablaze with colour fr rb f om a great collection of Camellias. This also included the very r old Guern ry r sey Camellia variety that rn when produ d ced wasn’t quite stab du a le and now has the unnerving ab ab a ility to produ d ce masses du of diff ffe ff ferent coloured fl f owers on each plant. Our main fo f cus fo f r the day’s visit was the V ctorian walled kitchen garden which, aft Vi f er years of dilapidation, is going through a ft complete renaissance which started some ten years ago. The garden is being restored back to its 1875-1900 heyday and the present claim to fa f me is the 175ft f lean to glasshouses ft which have been rebuilt to their original style using traditional materials. The garden is managed by volunteers and a programme of growing fr fru ruit and vegetab a les has developed ab and become a regular visitor attraction exhibiting methods of growing and varieties fr f om the Vi V ctorian era. The link with the Guern r sey Plant Heritage Group rn u has allowed the very up r ry popular sale of heritage vegetable seeds with many members bringing away ancient vegetab a le variety seeds to be later planted in English gardens. ab The aft f ernoon was completed with a visit to the Guernsey Folk Museum to view the ft exhibition of Island life f in the 19th and 20th Centu fe t ry tu r with a special fo f cus on the rise and f ilure of the Guern fa r sey tomato growing indu rn d stry du r ry Our fi f nal day started with a visit to Jennife f r Monachan’s garden at La Petite Va fe V llee. This was another valley garden with a sup u erb up r collection of matu rb t re plants and at our visit there tu was a wonderfu f l Paulownia tomentosa and groups of Me fu M lianthus maj a or in fu aj f ll fl f ower. Jennife f r had made good use of sculptu fe t re throughout the garden and enj tu n oyed introdu nj d cing du humour to put a smile on the visitor’s fa f ce. We W then travelled to St Peter Port to visit the Candie gardens which were resplendent in spring bedding with many fi f ne trees, including a very r large Ginkg ry k o biloba which is the tenth largest in the UK. The garden is also home kg to some very ancient lean to glasshouses built originally in the late 1700s and still giving good service.

Pat Johnson enthralling the Kew Guild visitors at Grange Court

Our last two visits were to two vastly diff ffe ff ferent high quality private town gardens. The fi f rst was an amazingly large town garden developed at Grange Court by Patrick “Pat” Johnson who is the Chairman of Guern r sey Floral. The garden rn was laid out in a series of interlinked “garden rooms” on diff ffe ff ferent themes and oft f en the setting fo ft f r Pat’s other passion,


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159 t re in his garden, but with the use tu t re. Pat didn’t stop at just placing pieces of sculptu tu sculptu t res” in tu r techniques he ensured that parts of his planted material became “sculptu ry of topiary their own right.

f nal garden tucked away in the heart of St Peter Port which is the W then visited our fi We r an garden they have rb ficult sloping urb ffi ff r diff ry home of Huw and Sarah Evans. Having a very ferent ffe ff u of a number of areas of diff r terraced garden made up rb u erb up ingeniously created a sup r our in St Peter Port. At rb f nes what must be the best view of the harb fi planting styles that defi d ye and thank you to our host Raymond db the end of this garden visit we had to say goodb f cent tour of the sites of horticultural interest on fi f r organising such a magnifi Evison fo W ather Gods” who We W also were also totally amazed with his links to the “We Guernsey. We r sey. A rn f r the whole of our time in Guern allowed the sun to shine and the skies to be blue fo a le trip! ab r ly memorab ru tru

W ekend Dorset and Hampshire We 13th-14th May by Brian Dodds

f cent gardens of both Compton Acres fi t nate enough to visit the magnifi tu f rtu r one is fo ry Not every f ff in Poole, Dorset and Exbury in Hampshire and be met by their owners and key staff t eir development philosophy y, th ry, ry t e history m ers. Our hosts not only graciously outlined th mb memb u at a leisurely pace around up and answered all our questions, they also escorted our group k to hold such prestige in the ky u tedly lucky ub f nest gardens. Kew is undoub two of England’s fi forded such generous hospitality. ffo ff gardening world that members of our Guild are aff f milies that met in u of 23, both members of the Kew Guild and their fa up It was a mixed group u of tea. There we were up n oy a welcoming cup nj r tea room to enj ry Compton Acres’s light and airy r ard in the initial rn r a, owner, and Peter Thoday who advised Bern rn r ard Mern rn greeted by Bern r ry a out restoration and planning issues and brought Mary stages when he bought the garden ab r ry t ral side of the garden. It was very tu Payne on board as an associate to manage the horticultu f rmative to be made aware of the restraints behind the development and management fo info t nning garden. Compton Acres is a relatively new garden that dates back only to tu of this stu f oral the 1920s. What it lacks in size just over 10 acres it more than compensates with fl u lic expectations whilst still maintaining a charm of its own. ub displays evolving to meet pub ubs and rub ru f cent collection of over 3000 species of trees and shru fi The garden boasts a magnifi r aceous plants, including some at the extreme limit of their hardiness in the UK. rb herb f ee to f er a light lunch, we were fr ft Aft explore at our leisure. The weather was t averse f l to tr fu ruly delightfu tru mild and it was tr and explore the wooded valley via its well-maintained paths and discover some t eam tr t e str t res, especially th tu f atu of its many fe f lls. In fa with its cascades and waterfa f nctions to contrast the Italian garden fu host special events. including marriage ceremonies and receptions.

© David Hardman

Exbury’s 200 acre spread of rhododendrons include over 800 registered hybrids and is deservedly f er lunch the train ft f mous. Whilst aft world fa t re of our tu f ee natu fr ride epitomised the carefr


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160 visit, it was the warmth of our reception in the morn r ing rn that set the tone to our visit. Aft f er welcoming us, Mr. ft Lionel de Rothschild explained the vision he is still developing, the important role his head gardener Thomas Clarke now plays, and what Mr. Rothschild’s f refa fo f ther’s dedication, and resources had achieved. It fa is hard to believe that a staff f of only 10 gardeners ff manage the maintenance of such a colossal undert r aking. rt Species have been collected fr f om around the world and hybridised to produ d ce plants of improved colour, fo du f rm and hardiness, many of which we were ab a le to enj n oy in nj bloom. Plants not meeting desired hybridising obj b ectives are being ru bj r thlessly destroyed. Lionel de Rothschild (left f ) and Alan ft Stu t ttard enj tu n oying the railway at Exbury nj r ry Gardens ©David Hardman

I don’t think our president, Alan Stu t ttard, could believe tu his luck when being given the opportunity to be coengineer of Exbury Gardens’ miniature steam locomotive on a twenty-minute trip through part of the gardens. The train carried our party of 32 as well as our gracious host Lionel de Rothschild who had made this exclusive special arrangement. Alan seemed to re-live childhood memories of his grandfa f ther who fa was an engine driver. He even managed to get us back safe f ly to the station! fe

W were privileged to gain a fi We f rst-hand insight and enj n oy two truly delightfu nj f l and fu magnifi f cent gardens and David Hardman is to be commended fo fi f r a sup u erb up r job organising rb the visits which ran like clockwork.

Kew Guild Dinner 25th May by Richard Wa W rd

The Annual Kew Guild Dinner was held on Thursday 25th May in Cambridge Cottage, Kew Green. On one of the hottest days of the year nearly 70 Guild members and guests enj n oyed fr nj f ee access to the Gardens d ring the day and at 18.50 precisely du were summoned to the dining room. Members and guests clapped President Alan Stuttard and his wife f fe L to R: Stewart Henchie, David Cutler, Richard Wa W rd, Jim into the room and Rev. Hugh Flower Mitchell, Allan Hart ©Stewart Henchie said Grace. Aft f er the meal, Stewart ft Henchie, ebullient as ever, proposed the toast to ‘The President’, to which Alan responded, reminisced, entertained us all, and gave a toast to ‘The Kew Guild’ and ‘Our guests.’ Kew’s Director of Horticultu t re Richard tu Barley responded on behalf of the guests. Diploma stu t dent Kathry tu r n Bray gave the toast ry ‘To T Absent Friends.’ To President Alan presented the Kew Guild medal to Landscap a e Designer Chris Beardshaw ap who voiced his ap a preciation. The George Brown scroll ‘fo f r fu fo f rthering diplomacy in the tru r e spirit of the Kew Guild’ was presented to Nicholas Boyes who was equally gratefu ru f l. fu


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Past Presidents of th t e Guild stood and were recognised. Similarly overseas visitors - being Va V l and Jim Mitchell fr f om Australia, Pamela and Brian Dodds and Ian Lamont Smith fr f om Canada.

Five Diploma students attended the Dinner. Di Stuttard kindly drew the raff ffl ff fle tickets and their raff ffl ff fle raised £280 fo f r student f nds. Alan thanked outgoing From L to R: Chris Bear a dshaw ar a an aw a d par art ar rtn tner Fran a ces To an T ase, Di an a d Alan a fu an Dinner organiser Jennife f r Alsop, fe Stu t ttard, Richard and Anita Barley. © Stewart Henchie tu MC Richard Wa W rd, and Editor Sparkle Wa W rd fo f r their input to the evening; and presented gift f s of wine and fl ft f owers in a preciation. ap

Devon We W ekend 23rd-25th June by Stewart Henchie

The promised weekend started off f ff at To T rre Abbey Garden and glasshouse on a war arm ar rm but overcast Friday aft f ernoon. Fift ft f een of us ft were greeted and guided around the garden and glasshouse by the infe f ctious and enthusiastic Head fe Gardener Ali Marshall. Ali gave us the detailed history and background of the garden behind the main house on what was originally the canon’s cemetery in monastic times. She had started work there in 2008. L to R: Peter Styles, Rod Peach, Martin Abrahams, Judy Hancock, The standard and care of the Sylvia Phillips, Stewart Henchie, Brian Phillips, Liz Styles, To T ny garden is high taking into account Overland, Ali Marshall (Head Gardener To T rre Abbey) Leo Pember- the amount of staff f and volunteers ff ton, Jan Overland, Jean Peach, Diana and Alan Stu t ttard. tu she has at her disposal. She showed us a themed Agatha Christie the Queen of Crime garden of mainly potent plants arr r anged in an info rr f rmative fo way, y many mentioned in Agatha’s books. The garden also has an extensive collection of y, tender plants housed in a large Hartley glasshouse - Palm House built in 1969. A knot garden and ap a ple orchard with old Devon varieties under planted with wild fl f owers has been plan a ted. To an T provide fu fur urt rth ther interest, a childr d en’s Medieval Gar dr a den to provide activities ar f r fa fo f milies is divided by paths into fo f ur distinct sensory r spaces of touch, taste, colour and ry smell. If all of this was not enough fo f r us, we were then ab a le to visit the 800 Ye Y ars Gallery r ry in the main house with a mixture of interactive displays, historic obj b ects, portraits, art bj work and info f rmation panels telling the history fo r of the Abbey since 1196. ry Satu t rday started off tu f in a warm mist of Dartmoor meeting volunteer guide John Whiting at ff the lower car park fo f r Haytor. We W all set off ff, ff f, enthusiastically embracing the surr r oundings rr of th t e wild, wet, mu m ddy dy, dy y, cow and horse ‘pat’ str t ewn grassy areas! John our guide somehow tr


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162 managed to get us to avoid the obstacles and engage us all, and pointed out wild plants of note, birds, and how the landscap a e ap had been changed and used over its many years in existence. Aft f er our three and a half hours guided walk we fi ft f nished fu f lly info f rm fo r ed of the surr r ounding area, including Haytor itself at 457 rr metres ab a ove sea level. Now, fo f r the drive across Dartmoor to The Garden House at Buckland Monachoru r m, Ye ru Y lverton. As we drove over the wild Dartmoor National Park the sun fi f nally burst through the mist and the surrounding landscape was hopefu f lly something to fu Peter Styles and Alan remember. To T make it a little more exciting and challenging, Stu t ttard in quarry tu r store ry we took the route via Wi W decombe in the Moor, Dartmeet, Tw T o Bridges, Princetown, avoiding the prison! Ye Y lverton to Buckland Monachoru r m. ru The Garden House is a diff ffe ff ferent type of garden. We W were met at the entrance by Wi W lliam Stanger, a three-year trainee as a part of the Profe f ssional Gardeners Guild, who guided us fe at a good pace over part of the 10 acre site. An imaginatively planted two-acre terraced walled garden centred on the ru r ins of a 16th Centu t ry tu r vicarage was visited. This area was extensively planted with a wide range of tender, uncommon and exotic plants arranged in a pleasing way to show off f their unique colour, textu ff t re and fo tu f rm. We W were also shown the ‘New Natu t ralism’ sty tu t le of planting developed on six acres in th ty t e western r part rn r of th rt t e garden by a previous Head Gardener, Keith Wi W ley. Finally we were guided around the two-acre Jub u ilee Arb ub r oretu rb t m planted by Head Gardener Matt Bishop to commemorate 50 years of tu the Fortescue Tr Tru rust, using 100 carefu f lly selected trees of interest and note. Nick Haworth, fu who unfo f rtu fo t nately was not availab tu a le to ab guide us, now manages the garden. Aft f er all of this we were then all ready ft to demolish a ‘proper’ Devon Cream tea with lots jam and cream! Later in the evening aft f er a fu ft f ll day we all sat down to a meal at the Smugglers Inn, Dawlish. Sunday dawned bright and sunny, y with y, the morning adventure of steam train ride, fe f rr rry ry and river cru r ise. Sixteen of us ru were du d e to meet at Paignton Station at Coleton Fishacre house 10.30am and we set off f in our booked ff carriage called ‘Madeline’ to Kingswear; our president seemed to be a hap a py man at this ap stage of the proceedings! At Kingswear we promptly got off f the train and embarked onto ff the fe f rry across to Dartmouth and immediately onto a circular river cru r ise on the Dart. ru The sun was now fi f nally out, and in the glorious sunshine we cru r ised up ru u and down the river Dart with the captain of the cru r iser entertaining us with usefu ru f l and some dubious fu info f rmation! fo W then did the journey again in reverse to We Paignton and made our way to the National Tr Tru rust property, Coleton Fishacre. We W were met at the entrance by the Senior Gardener Martyn Pepper who took us around the garden. The site conditions are so mild and sheltered in some cases it resembles the plantings you would fi f nd inside the Temperate House at Kew! We W did not visit the

View from Coleton Fishacre garden


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163 beautifu f l house on the site built of local stone in the 1920s situ fu t ated on the southern tu r slope rn of the sheltered valley of the whole garden. Martyn gave us a great and interesting tour showing us lots of plants, which puzzled some of our members as to their identity. So much so that many said they would visit again to look at the house and gaze out at the amazing views fr f om the valley to the sea.

Derbyshire/Chatsworth We W ekend 11th-13th August by To T ny Overland and Pamela Holt

Friday 11th August. The Guild’s visit to Broomfi f eld Hall was the fi fi f rst part r of a wonderfu rt f l fu weekend of gardens and historic buildings in the Matlock area organised by Jean and Rod Peach. Broomfi f eld Hall Campus is part of Derby College, a fu fi f rther education estab a lishment that provides a wide range of courses fo ab f r some 26,000 people. Broomfi f eld fi was the county’s agricultu t ral college and in the recent past merged with Derb tu r y College to rb become a centre fo f r the land-based indu d stries. du W were met by Head Gardener Samantha Harvey (Kew 2008) and welcomed by the We principal Eileen Swan who gave a brief résumé of the courses at the campus; she mentioned that there was plenty of interest ab a out the various options availab a le, although ab sometimes there was less response fo f r the horticultu t ral courses. tu Charles Edward Schwind bought the estate in 1870 and by 1880 he had the Hall erected, with Vi V ctorian Style gardens. The gardens were designed and laid out by Wi W lliam Barron (the inventor of the Barron tree transplanting machine) with a walled garden, sunken garden, paths and extensive grounds. On 1st March 1830 Barron was ap a pointed Gardener to Charles Stanhope, the fo f urth Earl of Harrington, at Elvaston Castle in Derb r yshire and instru rb r cted to create a new garden. He ru created what was to be the fi f rst garden in Britain to have “rooms”, each a theatrical set piece dedicated to the themes of chivalry r and love. The most striking were the Alhambra ry garden with its Moorish pavilion and the Mon Plaisir garden, with its bowers, topiary, y y, statu t es and monkey puzzle trees. Aft tu f er fi ft f ve years of drainage and earth moving the Earl was impatient to have a more matu t re landscap tu a e. This may well have led Barron to design ap and build his large tree transplanting machine; one of which remains at Kew to this day. Aft f er the death of the fi ft f ft f h earl in 1851, Barron bought 40 acres fo f r a nursery site; he quickly gained a reputation fo f r plant sales, landscap a e gardening and the transplanting of ap large trees. There are 25 acres of Vi V ctorian gardens and woodlands at Broomfi f eld Hall, we entered fi through an extensive nursery r with plants fo ry f r sale. Adj d acent to this is a large area of glass dj f r plant production and student training maintained by students and volunteers. The fo garden, aft f er a long period of neglect is now, ft w with w, t th th t e skill and energy of Samanth t a Harv th r ey rv and a large team of volunteers, undergoing restoration. Key areas of th t e grounds have been reconstru r cted thanks to a £4,000 grant received last year fr ru f om the Stanley Smith (UK) Horticultu t ral Tr tu Tru rust. There are so many diff ffe ff ferent areas like the impressive Long Border, now in the process of being planted. The Japanese garden is to be restored, and a new Rose Garden will be estab a lished. In fa ab f ct, even today the infl f uence of Barr fl r on’s design fo rr f und at Elvaston Hall, can be seen in the series of enclosures throughout the grounds at Broomfi f eld Hall. fi There is a Parterre Garden, where cool colours will be used to fi f ll the beds. Further on there was an interesting array of diff ffe ff ferent kinds of hedges, where the stu t dents can learn tu r to rn


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164 prune. Also along the woodland walks can be seen specimen trees including Davidia involucrata and No N thof ofa of fagus do d mbey e i. My particular fa ey f vourite piece of design was a sheltered area of sub-tropical plantings fe f aturing diff ffe ff ferent Ricinus communis varieties, C nna indi Ca d ca, Te di T tr tra rap apanax a pap ax apy ap pyrif ife if fera r , Pennis i etum gla is l ucum ‘Pur la urp ur rple Maj a esty aj t ’, Mu ty M sa basj s oo sj and many Amaranthus varieties including ‘Hot Biscuits’. Overall our visit here was a most enj n oyab nj a le prelude to an outstanding weekend of venues with some beautifu ab f l gardens and fu good company. – To T ny Overland Saturday 12th August. A lovely sunny day greeted us as we parked opposite Haddon Hall near Bakewell and fo f llowed Jean Peach across the road to meet our guide Gail who condu d cted us through the private home and garden of Lord and Lady Edward Manners. du Starting in the courtyard we learn r ed that the origins of Haddon Hall go back 860 years, rn with only two fa f milies the Ve V rnons and Manners living here. Prior to this William the Conqu q eror owned the property with mention in the Doomsday book. Aft qu f er 1640 the house ft was ab a andoned fo f r the Duke of Ru R tland to make his ancestral home at Belvoir castle in Leicestershire. Although some walls are castellated the house has never had military r involvement, which ry has helped retention of many original fe f atures. Moving into the oldest part the Chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas, we examined the fi f ne wall murals and sculptu t res. The 9th Duke tu uncovered other wall paintings in the 1920s fo f llowing restoration of the house. Next the medieval kitchens with original 13th Century oven and chopping boards. Several 14th Centu t ry tu r dole cup u boards were examined where surp up r lus fo rp f od was placed and beggars could insert their hand through a hole fo f r sustenance. In the Great Hall hangs a huge tap a estry ap r fr ry f om 1480 gift f ed by Henry ft r VIII fo ry f r help at the battle of Boswell. The long tab a le has an unattached top board, which was tu ab t rn r ed over aft f er ft meals allowing dogs to clear up u left f overs - the origin of the phrase “tab ft a les tu ab t rn r ed”. The T dor Parlour with the Ve Tu V rn r on crest, a fi f ne Boar carving, is fr f equently used fo f r private wedding serv r ices, th rv t e Great Chamb m er with mb t its Italianate plasterw th r ork rw r fr rk f ieze and Elizab a eth ab t an th Long Gallery were all visited. Here we learned of Bombay Glass created by Robert Smythe. The diamond leaded panes ap a peared distorted but in fa f ct were deliberately made in wavy panels to scatter the light into the room. From here the party stepped out onto the terrace, one of several, which lead down to the River Wy W e below. The soil is limestone and very fr f ee draining with massive retaining terrace walls where a large collection of roses is sited. We W marvelled that the head gardener Jane managed the grounds almost single-handed taking six months to pru r ne all the climbing roses. ru One part time gardener and three volunteers complete the workfo f rce to cope with hedges, fo lawns, bowling green, cutting garden and topiary. Arne Maynard was called in to design the upper terrace, which was suff ffe ff fering fr f om rose sickness. The original bowling green now sport rs rt a knot garden and small lawn with fo f rmal clipped purple beech squares sur urr ur rroun u ding a pool. At th un t e conclusion of our tour Haddon Hall, L to R: Leo Pemberton, Rod Peach, John Isaac, Roger President Alan Stuttard Marsden, Jean Griff ffi ff fin ©Pamela Holt presented our guide Gail


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165 with the book Kew Plant Hunters along with our thanks. We W then wandered along the top terrace and thence to the delightfu f l tearooms where we took lunch befo fu f re driving off fo f to ff our next location. Mr and Mrs Jeremy Butt greeted us in their idiosyncratic garden with a fe f w words on its development. Anita had taught at Broomfi f eld Hall prior to retirement and both are keen fi gardeners buying extra land to enlarge their garden and until quite recently opened fo f r the National Gardens Scheme. We W were invited to explore and then retu t rn tu r to the tab a les and ab chairs set out on the lawn fo f r delicious tea and cake. Much of the garden is on a slope with a ravine below and ru r nning stream spanned by ru r stic bridges. Va V rious quirky k sculptu ky t res tu in wood and ceramic with a fa f scinating zip wire with suspended seats strung between some conife f rs were all tried out. Many fi fe f ne trees were admired fr f om Eucaly lyp ly yptus sp spp pp., S rbus aria ‘Mitchellii’, Alnus glutinosa ‘Imperialis’, Me So M tasequoia gly lyp ly yptostro r boides, ro Liriode d ndr de dro dr ron tulip i if ip ife fera ‘Va V riegata’, to Liquida Va d mbar sty da t racif ty ifl if flua and unusual plants like exotic Beg e onia, Fa eg F scicularia and Eucomis i planted outside. Va is V rious shru rub ru ub and herb r aceous rb borders together with a fr fru ruit and vegetable area made fo f r a fa f scinating aft f ernoon. That ft evening was a continuation of laughter and enj n oyab nj a le chatter as members partook of an ab excellent buff ffe ff fet sup u per provided by our hosts Rod and Jean Peach on their terrace ab up a ove Matlock. Sunday 13th August. Another glorious day this time at Chatsworth where the gardener in charge of the walled gardens Faye Tu T ff ffr frey took time to explain what we were seeing as she expert r ly guided us around. The garden staff rt f of 24 includes a fl ff f orist team and tw t o teams to cover ornamentals, production, glasshouses and fl f owers. There are three students (including an apprentice) fr f om the Profe f ssional Gardeners Guild and Historic, Botanic fe and English Heritage. Separate staff f manage the wider estate. ff W learn We r t how Wi rn W lliam Cavendish married Bess of Hardwick in 1550s creating orchards, f sh ponds and Queen Mary fi r ’s Bower, a viewing platfo ry f rm fo r when Mary r Queen of Scots came ry in 1570. The Duke of Devonshire redesigned the garden in 1699 much infl f uenced by the fl Dutch. When Cap a ab ap a ility Brown was employed much of this was swept away creating the grass swards and cascade in 1720. Joseph Paxton at 23 years of age arrived as Head Gar a dener in 1826 having been spott ar t ed at th tt t e RH R S Chiswick garden by the 6th Duke. Many glasshouses were erected during his time in off ffi ff fice fr f om restoring the stone built Camellia house of 1697, the wall heated Paxton’s Case a house with t sliding pan th a els, th an t e 340 ft f long Conserv r ative wall rv with fr fru ruit trees to orchid and tropical houses.

Chatsworth Faye Tu T ff ffr frey in the vinery r ©Pamela Holt ry

W were able to wander through some houses normally We closed to the public and were warned not to touch the luscious Muscat of Alexandria grapes being raised fo f r show. A special house was built to grow the Vi V ctoria amazonica in 1801, which fl f owered ahead of the plant at Kew. The orchid house has three heat regimes to suit the various plants many of which were collected in India by John Gibson and named aft f er Paxton and the Duke in the ft 1890s. Between 1836-41 Joseph Paxton designed and built the Great Stove with ingenious guttering, ridge and fu f rrow glazing and tu t nnels; one with a tramway to sup u ply the coal up to the underground boiler, another of nearly a fu f rlong to take smoke and smuts up u the hillside. Wi W th 52,287 square f et of glass and covering 3/4 acre, this was then the largest fe f eestanding glasshouse in the world. Wo fr W rld Wa W r I took its


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toll on the gardens and plants due to lack of staff f and coal to heat the ff glasshouses and by 1920 the decision was taken to demolish the Great Stove House. We W were horrifi f ed to learn fi r that rn this was accomplished by using dynamite! To T day a yew maze occup u ies up the fo f rmer site.

The current three acre kitchen gardens were created fr f om an area originally used fo f r grazing horses. The From L to R: Bob Ivison, Jean Griff ffi ff fin, Alan Stu t ttard, To tu T ny vegetab a les, fr ab fru ruit and fl f owers are used in Overland, Alex George. ©Jean Griff ffi ff fin the house, with any excess sold in the shops. At lunch time memb m ers were fr mb f ee to visit the house or explore the extensive gardens and grounds, rock garden, arboretum and water fe f atures. A very fu f ll and enj n oyable nj weekend made possible by the meticulous planning undertaken by Rod and Jean Peach. They are deservedly our fi f rst new members under the new rules of the Kew Guild. – Pamela Holt

Bodenham Arboretum

21st October by Graham Heywood and Peter Styles ‘So ‘S So have I heard r th rd t e cucko k o’s parting cry ko ry, ry y, Fr Fro rom th t e wet fi f eld ld, ld d, th t ro r ugh g th gh t e vex e t gard ex rde rd den tre r es, Co re C me with t th th t e volley e ing rain and tossing bre ey r ez re e e’. Matthew Arn r old 1822-1888. rn How ap a t that just a fe f w days befo f re our visit to Bodenham I (GH) should be reading the fo a ove poem by Matthew Arn ab r old. Wa rn W s it a warn r ing of the weather we might expect? rn W gathered under a dark grey sky with warn We r ings of extreme gales and heavy rain, but rn despite the warn r ings 22 memb rn m ers signed up mb u and braved the weather to enj n oy the fi nj f rst event of the 2017/18 season. Organised by To T ny Overland with assistance fr f om Brian Phillips we enj n oyed a guided tour of ‘Wo nj W rcestershire’s Hidden Garden’. Led by the second Wo generation’s owner James Binnian we were shown a huge range of trees and shru rub ru ubs, set within a beautifu f lly landscap fu a ed 170 acre park with magnifi ap f cent water fe fi f atu t res. tu The arboretum is a privately-run garden, part of a larger fa f mily run fa f rming business incorp r orating home produ rp d ced lamb, pork and beef; du f log produ f; d ction produ du d cing 1,000 tons du per year to fe f ed the hugely increasing number of private log burn r ing fi rn f res; a very r popular ry lakeside licensed restaurant and shop. The restaurant has become a local destination attracting large numbers of visitors at the weekend. James info f rmed us that in terms of fo overall income, the most profi f tab fi a le was the ab f od sales, fo fo f llowed by sale of logs and then admissions to the arb r oretu rb t m. tu

©Graham Heywood

The site is bowl shap a ed with an opening on ap one side, and converting it to its current purpose was relatively easy. Within this bowl there are two miniatu t re valleys which tu are fe f d with water fr f om a series of springs. David Binnians’s (James’ fa f ther) fi f rst task was to decide where the pools were to be created, and then the location of the


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167 planting of additional trees. There are now some thirteen pools with a constant sup u ply of water. up

Leo Pemb m erton receives a birthday cardd mb f om President Jean Griff fr ffi ff fin during lunch at Bodenham Arb r oretu rb t m tu ©Graham Heywood

When the property was purchased in 1973 by James’ parents it was a near derelict 127 acres with extensive rough grazing and covered in brambles and scrub woodland. James’ fa f ther David was a Kidderminster based estate agent and who read fo f restry r at college. The ry arb r oretu rb t m opened to the pub tu u lic in 1998. It now employs ub 20 staff f inside and fi ff f ve outside in the grounds. The site is on clay but with carefu f l management the tree losses fu have been redu d ced. Part of the estate was heavily planted du with poplar fo f r the nearb r y Bryant and May matchstick rb f ctory, but this has long disappeared although large fa stands of poplar still survive in and around the site. One of the main fe f atu t res of the park is the Lab tu a urn ab r um tu rn t nnel, styled on the fi f ne example at Bodnant but laid out in a unique curving fo f rmat. Honey fu f ngus is a problem here. A splendid gazebo erected to mark the millennium and a new fe f rn r ery r both add greatly to the must see attractions. ry

The arb r oretum is a perfe rb f ct wildlife fe f habitat and the We fe W st Midland Bird Club hold their national bird surveys there every r year. One of the busy times of year is Christmas when ry the donkeys become a fi f rm fa f vourite. James has received a host of awards including a T urism Enterp To r rise Aw rp A ard and an English Heritage Statu t s Aw tu A ard in 1995. Bodenham is the only site which has qualifi f ed twice fo fi f r this prestigious award. James took a poignant moment to describe his experience when visiting th t e House of Lords to collect th t e To T urism Enterp r rise Aw rp A ard fr f om Andrea Leadsom (curr r ently, rr y Leader of the House of Commons and y, f rmerly Secretary of State fo fo f r the Environment, Food and Rural Aff ffa ff fairs). He was on W stminster Bridge at the time of the terrorist attack in March of this year with his fa We f mily on their way to collect their award. James reminded us ab a out the Kew links with the arb r oretu rb t m - Kew were assessors fo tu f r the Heritage Statu t s award and were also instru tu r mental in the early days of its development by ru providing plant material. Sadly, these early links with Kew have not lasted and our President Jean Griff ffi ff fin promised to look into the possibility of these being renewed. Finally, y we asked ab y, a out the fu f tu t re plans fo f r the arb r oretu rb t m and the fa tu f mily business. James is not the kind of man to let the grass grow under his fe f et! There are two rap a idly growing ap Forest Schools benefi f ting more th fi t an 3000 childr d en each year and a programme of th dr t inning and shru rub ru ub colour enrichment. At this point James refl f ected on the kn fl k owledge he and his f mily have accumulated over the years and cautioned anyone in a similar situ fa t ation not to tu plant trees too close together. They need room to grow! W concluded our very We r info ry f rmative and inspiring morn fo r ing tour with a splendid lunch at rn the lakeside restaurant, aft f er which many members took the opportunity to explore the ft gardens by themselves befo f re departing home. However, befo fo f re members and fr fo f iends departed the restaurant there was one very important task fo f r the President to perfo f rm. fo That was to congratu t late Leo Pemb tu m ert mb r on on his 89th birt rt r hday (we had all signed a birt rt r hday rt card fo f r Leo) who seemed to be more fi f t and agile than many present who were younger than he. We W refl f ected on the sup fl u port and encouragement Leo had provided to many of us up during our time as students at Kew. We W ll done Leo; what a wonderfu f l age and what a fu wonderfu f l man! PS: The weather was, aft fu f er all, relatively good fo ft f r our visit with just a light occasional drizzle and no wind to speak of. f f.


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Kew Guild Aw A ards Scheme 2017 by Chris Kidd

The Aw A ards Scheme Committee fo f r 2017 was made up u as fo f llows: Chris Kidd - Chair, Marcella Corcoran - Secretary ry, ry y, Linda Baharier - Tr T easurer. Oth t er memb th m ers: Jennife mb f r Alsop; fe David Barnes, Allan Hart, Christopher We W ddell, Gillian Leese, Susyn Andrews, David Hardman, David Simpson, Richard Wi W lfo f rd and Sal Demain (stu fo t dent rep). tu The KGAS met on 9th March 2017 and 13th July 2017 to consider ap a plications fo f r awards and the nomination fo f r the Fellowship of the Kew Guild. Many thanks to members of the committee who continue to give support, oft f en travelling great distances at personal ft expense, keeping good records and giving sage advice. A ards Aw A total of £12,190 fr f om the fi f ve named Funds and General Funds was available at the meetings to be made as awards. Over the two meetings 15 ap a plications had been made; all but two were successfu f l aft fu f er individu ft d al debate. These are listed below: du March meetingg David Ta T tham - Therap a eutic horticultu ap t re course - awarded £360 fr tu f om General Fund Felix Merklinger - Stu t dies in Gashaka Gumti National Park, Nigeria - awarded £1,200 tu f om Redman Fund fr Christina Clowser - To T ur of historic gardens of France and Italy - awarded £500 fr f om Ian Leese Fund Katarzyna Bab a el - Tr ab T avel to South Korea, Arb r oreta, Gardens, parks etc. - awarded rb £1,057 fr f om Dallimore Fund Of a total fu f nd availability of £12,190 fo f r 2015, £3,117 was awarded, leaving £9,073 potentially fo f r award ap a plications to be considered in July 2017. George g Brown Memorial Aw A ard Nomination was received by the KGASC fr f om memb m er Jill Cowley fo mb f r Sandy d Atkins. The dy nomination was circulated and wholeheartedly agreed by the committee. The award to be presented at the Annual Dinner 2018. A nomination fo f r 2019 has already been received and will be discussed at the March 2018 meeting. Julyy Meetingg Clare Drinkell - Complete MA in Museum stu t dies - awarded £500 fr tu f om General Fund John Sales - Pub u lish National Tr ub Tru rust garden history r book - awarded total £2,000, ry comprising £1,748 fr f om General Fund and £252 fr f om Tu T rn r er Fund Kathry r n Braithwaite - Stu ry t dy alpine fl tu f ora of New Zealand 4 weeks - awarded £840 fr f om Redman Fund Marcelo Sellaro - Wo W rk experience with expert in Ti T llands d ia spp. in Netherlands ds awarded £594 fr f om Arn r old Fund rn Nina Davies - Complete MA in Museum stu t dies - awarded £500 fr tu f om General Fund Rebecca Hilgenhof - Attend Passifl f ora society meeting and stu fl t dy tour in Colombia tu awarded inaugural John Wo W odhams Aw A ard of £1,000 This is the fi f rst John Wo W odhams Aw A ard, made possible by the kind donation by Joan


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169 W odhams of a legacy in memory Wo r of her late husband. This annual Aw ry A ard, of £1,000 per year fo f r 10 years, remembers John Wo W odhams, fo f rmer Assistant Curator of the Tr T opical Department at Kew and Vi V ce President of the Kew Guild 1992/93. Richard Morton - Complete Wi W lson 50 Azalea collection in Jap a an - awarded £571 fr ap f om Dallimore Fund Shahina Ghazanfa f r - Vi fa V sit St Petersburg Herb r arium - awarded total £1,138.90 rb comprising £596 fr f om Tu T rn r er Fund and £542.90 fr f om Redman Fund Slawomira Wo Woj ojtas - Attend landscap a e architects confe ap f rence in Berlin - awarded £663.50 fe f om Redman Fund fr Of a total fu f nd availability of £9,073 fo f r July 2017, £7,807.40 was awarded, leaving £1,265.60 unallocated. Fellowshipp of the Kew Guild John Melmoe nominated Profe f ssor Nigel Dunnett and James Hitchmough fo fe f r the Kew Guild Honorary r Fellowship 2018. The Kew Guild awards sub ry u -committee in attendance ub agreed unanimously. Recommendation fo f r both to be off ffe ff fered Honorary r Fellowship to the ry Kew Guild in 2018 was made to the fi f rst fu f ll committee meeting fo f llowing the AGM. Tw T o nominations fo f r 2019 have already been received and will be discussed at the March 2018 meeting. This is earlier than previous years, but has been fe f lt easier to manage in a single Presidential year.

A ard Scheme Reports Aw South Korea Tr T ip

by Katarzyna ‘Kasia’ Bab a el (September 2017) ab Thanks to the generosity of the Kew Guild I had the opportu t nity to re-visit South Korea tu in September 2017. I had already visited a small island, Jej e u, in May 2015 to learn ej r ab rn a out alpine plants and I fe f ll in love with the country ry, ry y, people and, obviously, y its wonderfu y, f l fl fu f ora. Since my visit I had wanted to go and discover more of the richness of its plant kingdom. This time, however, I fo f cused on north part of the country ry, ry y, covering the gardens, parks and Botanical Gardens in Seoul. Additionally, y I went hiking to the Seoraksan National y, Park located on the north– h east part of South Korea and spent a wonderfu h– f l plant hunting fu day on Gyeongpo Beach in Gangneung befo f re retu fo t rn tu r ing to Seoul. Seoul is an interesting place to visit, not only because of its cultu t ral assets or neither fo tu f r f mous ‘kp fa k op’ stars or busy kp night life f . It is a place that fe off ffe ff fers something more – plenty of green spaces – some hidden some well known. The topography of the city is similar to the topography of the country – mountainous. It defi f nes the fi design of Seoul, a city with lots of small mountains, some of th t em tr t an a sfe f rr fe r ed into parks. They off ffe ff fer a place of A view of Seoul fr f om the top of a mountain located in the Wo W rld Cup u up rest fr f om the noise in this Park, which used to be a landfi f ll fi city of 10 million.


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Additionally, many areas along the Han river, which divide the city into two halves, have been quite recently also changed into pub u lic parks. ub

The most impressive fo f r me to see was the Wo W rld Cup Park. The site, where the park is located, used to be a landfi f ll fi that held 92 million tons of waste. Now, you can play Seoraksan National Park is home to many rare and endemic plants. It games or have a picnic in one also has a charm that will make you fa f ll in love with its beauty the of many playgrounds or moment you put your fe f et in. resting areas. If you fe f el energetic (and it seems that many Korean, when they pass middle age, become very energetic!) you can hike up u to the top of the fo f rested mountain and admire the overview of the city. However, probab a ly the most popular park in the city is the Seoul Forest. This ab lar arg ar rge par ark ar rk off ffe ff fers to visitors man a y att an ttr tt tractions like th t e Butt t erfl tt f y House (located in glasshouse fl t at used to be a water tr th t eatment plant), a deer enclosure, playgrounds fo f r childr d en, a fo dr f rest trail and more. It is the location, the heart of the city, y which makes it a perfe y, f ct place fo fe f r f milies to go and enj fa n oy outdoor activities. nj The highlight of the whole trip was the Seoraksan National Park which is fa f mous fo f r its autumn colours (unfo f rtunately, fo y I missed that, visiting in September). I spent altogether y, one and a half days which allowed me to reach Ya Y ngpok Shelter, which is on the way to Daechongbong Peak (1,708 metres). The views on the way up will be always in my memory r as one of the most amazing and beautifu ry f l. fu The trip allowed me to gain a better understanding of designing public green spaces, especially in a busy setting. I was also able to gain a better knowledge of this region’s plants. I met great people who made the whole trip a wonderfu f l and educational fu exp x erience. Moreover, xp r I am still hu r, hun ungry r to lear ry arn ar rn more ab a out Korean a plan an a ts an an a d I am already d dy planning my next trip!

A To T ur of Heritage Gardens in Italy and France by Christina Clowser (June 2017)

In June 2017, I embarked on a trip that would take me to see some of the most prestigious heritage gardens in France and Italy. Through this trip I hoped to gain insight into distinguishing fe f atures of French fo f rmal and Italian Renaissance gardens, and of the infl f uence of the English style garden on the continent. Here fo fl f llows a report of the main gardens visited on this trip. My fi f rst week was spent in France, visiting the fo f rmal grounds of Ve V rsailles, Va V ux le V comte, and the gardens of the Tu Vi T ileries Palace; all of which were designed by André Le Nôtre, the renowned gardener of King Louis XIV. V Ve V. V rsailles was the fi f rst to visit, and I made sure to go on a day that the fo f untains were running (much recommended). The grandeur of the place and the vastness of scale and extreme fo f rmality hit you immediately on entrance to the garden. Beyond this, it was clear the need fo f r double avenues fo f r shading as well as fo f rmality (30°C heat brings perspective), and of the magical fe f el to the number of grottos and f un fo u tains th t roughout th t e gardens. The tale of le Notr t e being poached fr tr f om Nicolas Fouqu q et qu


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171 by King Louis XIV to create Ve V rsailles is one that is very r well kn ry k own. And up u on arrival at Va V ux le Vi V comte it was clear why his work at this garden was so greatly admired. Va V ux le Vi V comte is a stu t nning tu garden, a pictureperfe f ct creation that is fe exactly what you learn is representative of French fo f rmal gardens. The garden is a series of terraces, but one cannot a preciate th ap t is fa f ct fr f om the main view fr f om the house, the terraces instead reveal themselves once you venture into the grounds. In fa f ct the The Orangery r at Ve ry V rsailles canals are hidden fr f om this view. Aft f er all that fo ft f rmality, y a trip to Monet’s garden at Givern y, r y was a joy to the senses. The rn English style cottage garden was like coming home! It had a real ‘Great Dixter’ fe f el to it, with real lush English style plantings of Roses, Dahlias, Delphiniums, Lavender and many more. And then through an underp r ass you enter an almost entirely diff rp ffe ff ferent world of the W terlily garden. A large standing of bamboo greets you, and a serene pathway meanders Wa through the gardens, bringing you out to the fa f mous view of the waterlily pond and bridge. June the Ny N mp m haea was in its glorious prime and the place really took your breath away! The fo f llowing week I met Anna Ta T ck, a fe f llow Diploma stu t dent, in Milan to visit the most tu magical place we could have imagined! The Borromean islands are located on Lake Maggiore and have been owned by the Borromeo fa f mily since the 16th Century. They became part of the ‘Grand To T ur’ undertaken by up u per class European gentleman (and on occasion ladies) when th t ey came of age to provide a cultu tur tu ural edu d cation. We du W met Gian a fr an f an a co Giustina, the head gardener of the islands, who gave us an extensive tour of Isola Madre, the Botanic Gardens maintained in the style of the English romantic garden. Gianfr f anco fr explained that they see the garden as ‘alive’ and while the historic aspect is maintained, to some extent the planting is fl f exible. A particularly interesting story r was that of the cashmere cypress, Cu ry Cup upre r ssus cashmeriana ‘Glauca’. The specimen on the island was grown fr f om seed in 1862, but a particularly strong storm in 2006 took 200 trees in the garden and brought the cypress to the ground. Gianfr f anco could not give up fr u on this iconic tree and so he brought in cranes to right the tree and cab a led it to the ground. Over the years the cab ab a les are being slowly removed and ab the tree remains healthy. Through this fe f at Gianfr f anco gained the Ve fr V itch Memorial Medal 2014 fo f r progression of scientifi f c kn fi k owledge in horticultu t re. tu Aft f er leaving Isola Madre we moved to Isola Bella, a very ft r diff ry ffe ff ferent garden! A stu t nning tu Italianate gardens fo f r the palace, ten terraces carved fr f om a largely barren rock, this is possibly the most beautifu f l garden I have ever visited.Wi fu W th impressive statu Wi t ary tu ry, ry y, parterres and fl f ower gardens; this is quintessentially Italian Renaissance garden with order and beauty in equal parts designed fo f r contemplation and pleasure. It was very r hard to leave the beauty of Northern ry r Italy and to head down to Rome, but the rn f untains of Vi fo V lla d’Este were calling! A spectacular fe f at of architecture, a series of 51


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172 f untains are gravity fe fo f d fr f om the river Aniene with no need fo f r pumps. The garden is laid out on a series of terraces, with much statuary and architecture, and great views of the sur urr ur rroun u ding coun un u tr un try ryside and olive groves. Plantwise the lawn is well kept, trees and citru r s pepper the garden ru but there is not much in the way of fl f owers! A tour of the gardens of the Va V tican City could not be missed while in Rome. Originally vineyards, the gardens date back to medieval times and now cover Isola Bella, parterre over half the country r .A ry series of small gardens, created by diff ffe ff ferent Popes over the centu t ries the area is covered in grottoes, fo tu f untains and monuments. There is a real blend of diff ffe ff ferent styles, Italian renaissance, French fo f rmal and English style landscap a e garden. ap The fi f nal garden of the visit was the gardens of Ninfa f , an exqu fa q isite English style romantic qu garden created in the ru r ins of a medieval town. The gardens open only two days a month a d is by tour an u only; you ar ur a e not perm r itt rm t ed to wan tt a der fr an f om th t e path t s which is a very th r diff ry ffe ff ferent (and less enj n oyab nj a le) way to experience a garden. However, the beauty of rambling roses ab over ru r ins is more than enough to make up u fo f r this! At the end of the trip I fe f el I have understood the defi f ning characteristics of French and fi Italian gardens, how political reasons have infl f uenced this, and the infl fl f uences that this has fl had on our great gardens in England. It has also been clear the infl f uence of the English landscap fl a e ap and cottage gardens on th t e gardens I visited du d ring the trip. I would like to thank the Bentham-Moxon Tr Tru rust, Kew Guild and Great Dixter Tr Tru rust fo f r their great help in fu f nding this trip; Rosie Fyles, Emma McNamara and Mark Lamey fr f om the National Tru Tr rust fo f r their advice; and to Gianfr f anco Giustina fr Anna and me at Vi V lla d’Este f r his time and passion. A huge th fo t ank you to Anna Tack fo f r being my company in Italy, having someone to discuss the gardens with greatly enhanced my experience.

International Orchid Conservation Congress, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden, Hong Kong by Lauren Gardiner (May 2016) Every three years, the international orchid conservation community meets fo f r the International Orchid Conservation Congress (IOCC), an important opportunity fo f r collab a oration, network ab r ing, and dissemination of research and ideas. This year, the meeting rk took place in Hong Kong, a fa f ntastic place to see and work on orchids, being a centre fo f r orchid diversity, y and the host organisation, Kadoorie Farm and Botanic Garden fo y, f r some


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173 really exciting orchid conservation research. I am extremely gratefu f l to the Kew Guild fo fu f r contributing to my attendance at the IOCC in 2016, fu f nding my fl f ights to Hong Kong and confe f rence registration. Wi fe W th a small amount of fu f nding fr f om Kew and some of my own f nds, I was ab fu a le to meet the remaining costs involved. My main contr t ibution to th tr t e confe f rence was a presentation in th fe t e main lectu t re programme, tu in the session entitled Sc S aling-up u conservation assessments up t and tackl ts k ing ke kl key ey th t re r ats t . My ts talk,‘Tr T ials Tr l and triage: assessing the conservation status of ls o nearly l 1000 sp ly s ecies in M da Ma d gascar’, was co-authored with my colleague Landy R. Raj a aovelona fr aj f om the Kew Madagascar team, based in Antananarivo. I spoke about the importance of Red Listing species, and my work with Landy to scale up u the number of orchid species which have pub u lished Red List assessments. We ub W currently believe that an extremely high proportion (circa 70%) of the nearly 1000 orchid species in Madagascar are likely to be threatened with extinction, but oft f en we only have very limited data on which to base these ft assessments. I discussed how at Kew we are using new technologies, including using the citizen science platfo f rm fo r iNatu t ralist on mobile phones, and DNA barcoding, to try tu r to speed ry u the documentation of orchid distributions without the need fo up f r destru r ctive collection ru of wild plants, and to produ d ce better assessments, and more quickly. du Unfo f rt fo rtu tun unately, y it was not possible to hold th y, t e work r shop on Red Listing which I had plan rk a ned an to run at the confe f rence, but I wove a lot of discussion around Red Listing into my fe presentation, had very r produ ry d ctive meetings with colleagues fr du f om around the world on Red Listing work, and brought it up u at the IUCN SSC Orchid Specialist Group u meeting – and up a commitment towards writing, reviewing, and contributing to Red List assessments by the whole community was included in the confe f rence resolutions agreed at the end of the fe week. I organised an ap a peal fo f r contributors and reviewers fo f r recently completed, and ‘in draft f ’, Asian orchid assessments fr ft f om colleagues working on the Sampled Red List Index proj o ect at Kew – and the team were ab oj a le to sub u sequ ub q ently fo qu f llow up u on some of these leads. Four days of lectu t res were broken up tu u with t a fu th f ll day at Kadoorie, a remark r ab rk a le 150 hectare site originally created in 1956 as an experimental fa f rm to help poor fa f rmers in the New T rritories of Hong Kong to develop their animal husbandry Te r and agricultu ry t ral skills. The tu beautifu f l site, with fo fu f rests and streams, as well as animal enclosures and plant growth f cilities and laboratories, has shift fa f ed its fo ft f cus towards biodiversity conservation and sustainab a le living over the last twenty years. ab

The Arboreal Passionfl f owers of Colombia fl by Rebecca Hilgenhof (August 2017)

In August 2017 I set off f fr ff f om London to travel to Bogotá, Colombia. During my travel scholarship I had the great opportu t nity to visit and explore what is considered the second tu most biodiverse region in the world. Colombia’s fl f ora is rich with the highest percentage of species endemism of any country. It is a known hotspot, especially fo f r the genus Passif ifl if flora, a group of plants that I have shown a great interest in throughout my horticultural career. Of the 575 known passionfl f owers, slightly more than a quarter are fl native. Particularly well represented is a little kn k own sub u genus called Passif ub ifl if flora sub u genus ub Astr tro tr rop ophea, containing the nine species of tru r e trees. ru The richness in plant species is the result of Colombia’s complex geography and consequently diversity of bioclimatic zones. Over the course of three weeks I spent most of my time travelling around the Andean bioregions, visiting places in all the three maj a or aj mountain ranges or cordilleras, exploring habitats with elevations fr f om as low as 350 metres to as high as 3,450 metres.


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174 In Vi V llavicencio, which is located in the lowlands to the east of the Eastern r Cordillera, I rn met up with Carolina Aguirre and Miguel Bonilla fr f om the University of the Llanos. T gether, we spent a number of days exploring the Apure-Vi To V llavicencio dry fo Vi f rests ecoregion. Here, in one of the still relatively untouched fo f rest fr f agments, we were ab a le to f nd amongst other passionfl fi f owers our fi fl f rst species of Passif ifl if flora subgenus Astro rop ro ophea, Passif ifl if flora securiclata. This red-fl f owered fo fl f rest liana is part of section Botry r astro ry rop ro ophea. The species is easily recognised fr f om other climbers by their non-twining stems and the persisting tendril bases which ap a pear spine-like. The fi f rst tr tru rue arb r oreal species of sect. Astr rb tro tr rop ophea I encountered at slightly higher elevations a ove 1,000 metres. In temperate fo ab f rests of Va V lle del Cauca and Antioquia I was ab a le to stu t dy P. tu P emarg r inata and P. rg P sp s haero r carp ro r a. Both are fr rp f eestanding trees that are recorded to grow as tall as 15 metres and have lost the ab a ility to climb entirely. I was very r fo ry f rtu t ne to tu see both in bloom, as this is of great imp m ortance to distinguish species fr mp f om another. Other bioregions I visited such as the Andean cloud fo f rests are located at much higher altitu t des, tu where the tree-like passionfl f owers are generally ab fl a sent. Nevertheless, I was ab a le to stu t dy tu yet another group u of passionfl up f owers that are particularly well presented within Colombia, fl the Ta T csonias. These are vines that produ d ce long tu du tub ubular fl f owers which range fr f om orange to red and are adap a ted fo ap f r hummingbird pollination. Examples of species are P. P cumbalensis i , P. is P cre r ucire caetanoae, P. P lanata and P. P mix i ta. ix Another element of this travel scholarship was the annual meeting of the Passifl f ora Society fl Intern r ational. Three days were spent exploring the rn natural surroundings of Anapoima, visiting commercial passionfr f uit growers and holding the fr off ffi ff ficial meeting which included presentations by Passifl f ora experts fr fl f om across the globe. Thanks to this trip I was able to broaden my k owledge of the arb kn r oreal passionfl rb f owers, gaining a better understanding of their ex-situ fl t tu growing needs. I would like to thank the Kew Guild fo f r sup u porting this tru up r ly amazing trip. ru Rebecca is i th t e fi f rs r t re r cip i ient to be award ip rde rd ded th t e Jo J hn Wo W odh d ams Award dh rd. rd d. - Ed E

Shades of Green by John Sales

Thanks to a generous donation fr f om The Kew Guild, amongst others, my publisher Unicorn r will be pub rn u lishing a memoir Shades of Green in spring 2018, a mere sixty years ub aft f er my leaving Kew. Several years ago I was persuaded, mainly by Brent Elliot fo ft f rmer archivist of the Royal Horticultu t ral Society and editor of the book, that recollections of tu my being fo f r over a quarter of a Century the National Trust’s Head of Gardens would comprise an important record. I now accept that it was a du d ty (as well as a bit of an egotrip!) to pub u lish my fi ub f rst-hand account of fi f ft f y of Great Britain’s greatest historic gardens d ring a cru du r cial time of their transition fr ru f om private to corp r orate ownership. Never likely rp to be a best seller, the book needed some initial fu f nding as a ‘pump-primer’ to enab a le the ab pub u lisher to go ahead. ub During th t e second half of th t e 20th t Centu th t ry tu r th t e National Tr Tru rust acqu q ired th qu t e world’s greatest assembly of historic gardens and landscape parks, oft f en along with great houses and ft estates, in every condition of care and repair and under every conceivable regime of management, oft f en aft ft f er decades of decline. Usually with minimum fu ft f nds and inadequate staff ffi ff fing, its du d ty was (and still is) “to preserv r e places of historic interest and natu rv t ral beau tu a ty au f r the nation”. This invariab fo a ly entails picking up ab u the reins of management under strict f nancial constr fi t aints and fa tr f cilitating pub u lic visiting on an ever-increasing scale, oft ub f en while ft


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175 negotiating fu f ndamental change with still-resident donor fa f milies and others. Many gar a dens an ar a d par ark ar rks needed comp m rehensive schemes of restoration an mp a d all gar a dens deman ar a ded an consistent long-term programmes of care, repair and renewal, negotiated with all concern r ed, and guided by gardens advisers. rn This was a unique experience never to be repeated, because aft f er the tu ft t rn r of the Centu t ry tu r the National Tr Tru rust changed in character and ap a proach as it continued to grow and become, perhap a s inevitab ap a ly, ab y more bureaucratic as well as popular, while still aiming to fu y, f rther its protection and conservation obligations. My work involved on the one hand working with gardeners, managers and historians towards the continual care, cultivation, upkeep and renewal of gardens and park r s of all degrees of imp rk m ort mp r ance and comp rt m lexity and on the other mp hand interacting with, and learn r ing fr rn f om, a fa f scinating range of people, many of whom became fr f iends as well as colleagues. At a time when the stu t dy of garden history tu r was still ry in its infa f ncy, any understanding of the philosophy and practice of historic parks and fa garden conservation, as distinct fr f om architectu t ral and archaeological conservation, was tu little understood or even considered. The book includes my conservation philosophy fo f r historic parks and gardens arising fr f om 60 years experience. Throughout my time with the Tr Tru rust I was called up u on to relate to people fr f om all walks of life f , including donor fa fe f milies, who sometimes man a aged an an a d needed at least to be consulted. Also distinguished experts, academics and profe f ssionals, together with individu fe d als with a du life f time of experience of great countr fe try tr ry houses and gardens. From th t em I was ab a le to gath t er th wise counsel to guide, encourage and temper our best eff ffo ff forts as gardens advisers. The Tr Tru rust was lucky k to be served by my small team of dedicated advisers and technical ky staff f and ab ff a ove all to be served by so many expert and accomplished gardeners, including some of the outstanding head gardeners of the centu t ry tu ry, y, to whom I owe a great deal. It goes without saying that the pub u lisher will be sending a copy of Shades of Green to The Kew ub Guild as soon as it is pub u lished and will ackn ub k owledge the Guild’s assistance with the book. kn

Utrecht Placement by Marcelo Sellaro

In late summer 2017, the Kew Guild sup u ported my work experience placement with Dr. up Eric J. Gouda, who is the world authority on the Bromeliaceae fa f mily and the curator of Utrecht Botanic Gardens, based on the university camp m us in the Netherlands. Prior to this, mp I have successfu f lly exchanged genetic resources which greatly enhanced the living plant fu collections at Kew. This was a good time to continue the programme with European counterp r arts. rp The main purp r ose of this visit was to secure a donation of bromeliads, giving priority to rp natural sources and threatened species fr f om Latin America, but also to spending some valuab a le time stu ab t dying the botany and taxonomy of Bromeliaceae, more specifi tu f cally the fi sub u fa ub f mily Tillandsioideae, including Guzmania spp. with their conspicuous and colourfu f l fu bracts, Vr V iesea spp. with their prominent warr r ior spikes and the incredible Ti rr T llands d ia spp., ds the desirab a le air plants. ab In fa f ct, this group u is mostly epiphytic plants, defi up f ned literally, fi y as something that perches y, on another plant. The ap a proximately 28,000 kinds of off ffi ff ficially anointed epiphytes grow this way. The most spectacular of the epiphytic bromeliads possess vascular systems and the other attributes that distinguish the ‘higher’ fr f om the ‘lower’ plants (liverworts and mosses). Another very important and representative group of bromeliads inhabit Inselbergs, which are isolated rises ab a ove a plain which consist of hard bedrock, usually


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176 massive rocks. As a botanical horticulturist in charge of the bromeliad collections at Kew, the work experience in Utrecht Botanic Gardens helped me to improve my horticultural skills to cultivate epiphytic and ru rup upiculous plants, stu t dy tu d ing their diverse bromeliad living collection with the respected Eric Gouda who has built up u kn k owledge of their natu t ral hab tu a itats by visiting so very ab r oft ry f en. ft Bromeliads are widely spread over Latin America, ranging fr f om inhospitable environments, fr f om rainfo f rests at sea levels to high altitu fo t de rocky tu k soil ky vegetations and desert areas. The satisfa f ctory fa r result of this trip has been 47 new ry species donated to Kew Gardens: Aechmea (4), Araeococcus (1), Billberg r ia (1), Ca rg C nistrum (1), C top Ca o sis (3), Fo op F stere r lla (1), Gouda re d ea (1), da Guzmania (1), Ne N ore reg re egelia (10), Orth t op th o hy h tum (1), Pitcairnia (7), Ti T llands d ia (12), Vr ds V iesea (4). A new genus to science was acquired. Gouda d ea, da described by W. W Till & Barfu f ss (2016) was named in honour of Eric Gouda. The agreement fu on the supply of living plant material fo f r non-commercial purposes fo f llows the Intern r ational Plant Exchange Network (IPEN). rn Genetic resources are cru r cial fo ru f r ex situ t conservation proj tu o ects and the tropical nursery oj r at ry Kew has been developing horticultu t ral protocols in cultivation of threatened species fr tu f om Latin America. The specimens brought fr f om Utrecht Botanic Gardens represent many countries, such as Brazil, French Guiana, Panama, Ecuador, Peru r , Argentina, Hondu ru d ras du and Mexico. Aft f er a regimented period in the ft quarantine at Kew, w the new species of w, bromeliads will be released to grow in the tropical nursery r and very ry r soon ry can be admired in the tropical pub u lic ub displays of the Princess of Wa W les Conservatory r and the Palm House at ry Kew. Barfu f ss, M.H.J.; Till, W. fu W ; Leme, E.J.C.;

Pinzón, J.P.; Manzanares, J.M.; Halbritter, H.;Samuel, R. & Brown, G.K. (2016) T xonomic revision of Bromeliaceae subfa Ta f m. fa Tillandsioideae based on a multi-locus DNA sequence phylogeny and morphology. Phytotaxa 279 (1): 001–097.

Completion of Thrive’s Aw A ard in Social and Therapeutic Horticulture by David Ta T tham

I have been at Kew Foundation fo f r over eight and a half years having previously worked as a fu f ndraiser fo f r homelessness charities. Prior to this I trained as a Landscap a e Architect, ap and plants and horticulture have always been central to my interests. Over the past 18 months I have been fo f rtunate enough to volunteer some of my time at a Horticultural


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177 Therap a y proj ap o ect in Surrey, oj y HighGround. Horticultu y, t ral Therap tu a y (also kn ap k own as Social and Therapeutic Horticulture, or STH) can be defi f ned as ‘The use of plants by a trained fi profe f ssional as a medium through which certain clinically defi fe f ned goals can be met’, and fi it has a well documented history r as an eff ry ffe ff fective intervention fo f r a wide range of physical and mental health issues. HighGround provides Horticultural Therapy to the armed fo f rces as part of their rehabilitation programme fo f r inj n ured soldiers, sailors and airmen and I witnessed nj remarkab a le change in service men and women who were suff ab ffe ff fering fr f om oft f en signifi ft f cant fi physical and mental trauma. It sparked a personal interest in the therapeutic power of horticultu t re, and so I was delighted to have been accepted on Thrive’s Aw tu A ard in Social and Therap a eutic Horticultu ap t re course over the summer, and even more so when I learn tu r t that rn my ap a plication to the Kew Guild fo f r fi f nancial sup u port towards the course had also been up successfu f l. fu The Aw A ard is achieved via attendance of two days of teaching, in my case held at Thrive’s premises in Battersea Park r du rk d ring the early summer, fo f llowed by eight weeks of sup u port up r ed rt selff guided stu ft dy culminating in the produ tu d ction of a report on how the use of STH can du benefi f t people with specifi fi f c sup fi u port needs and how this can be implemented as a therap up a y ap programme. I chose people suff ffe ff fering fr f om mental ill health as my theoretical client group u . up The course was a fa f scinating insight into the eff ffi ff ficacy of horticulture as a therapeutic modality, y and specifi y, f cally into the benefi fi f ts horticulture can provide to people suff fi ffe ff fering f om poor mental health fr t and associated fa th f ctors, such as anxiety t and poor social interaction. ty I learnt how to develop a year-round programme of horticultural activities designed to addr d ess specifi dr f c needs and outcomes, including enhancing physical fi fi f tn t ess, selff expression ft rough creative activities using plan th a t materials, an an a d increasing selff wort frth rt th th t rough learn r ing rn to become stewards of the natural world though growing wildlife f fr fe f iendly plants and creating and managing a wildlife f garden. fe The Aw A ard has enab a led me to: ab - Describe the way that STH can be benefi f cial fo fi f r a specifi f c client group fi u and meet that up client group u ’s sup up u port needs up - Design a coherent horticultu t ral programme to meet the specifi tu f c needs of a chosen fi client group u and the individu up d als within this group du u up - Identify f and select an ap fy a propriate and relevant assessment method fo f r diff ffe ff ferent client group u s. up I passed the course in August, having achieved a fi f nal mark of 72%. Furthermore, up u on successfu f l completion of the Aw fu A ard course, I decided to continue with my studies, and have recently embarked upon The Royal Horticultural Society’s three year Master of Horticultu t re course. tu I am uncertain as to where my horticultu t ral stu tu t dies will lead to, however I am thoroughly tu enj n oying learn nj r ing at an advanced level and have no doub rn u t that it will open interesting and ub engaging doors – and hopefu f lly lead me fu fu f rther into the fi f eld of Social and Therap a eutic ap Horticulture. I am indebted to the Kew Guild fo f r providing the initial fu f nding fo f r my A ard, and look fo Aw f rw r ard to keeping the Guild ap a praised of my progress as I continue with my stu t dies! Many thanks. tu


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178

Attending the 6th International School Grounds Alliance Confe f rence fe Berlin, Germany by Slawomira Ewa Wo Woj ojtas (4th-6th September)

About 8 months ago I saw an advert about the Sixth International School Grounds Confe f rence in Berlin posted on Landscape Institute website. I then thought: ‘this suits fe perfe f ctly to my developmental needs’. At that time, I was already over a year in my new fe job where a maj a ority of the landscap aj a e design proj ap o ects I was involved in were edu oj d cational du proj o ects. I perceived that as a perfe oj f ct opportu fe t nity to progress my understanding of needs tu f r schoolyards. Thankfu fo f lly, fu y the Kew Guild Aw y, A ard helped in fu f nding my attendance at the Confe f rence and at the beginning of September this year I arrived in Berlin to learn fe r fr rn f om others’ experience. The confe f rence was addressed to landscap fe a e architects, planners and edu ap d cators. The fa du f ct that the sub ubj ub bject was shown fr f om diff ffe ff ferent points of view of various profe f ssionals meant fe t at we could learn th r fr rn f om each oth t er an th a d benefi f t fr fi f om a broader perspective. The confe f rence fe was structured around three pillars which were: listening (lectures – day one), seeing (schoolyards and IGA’ A s visits – day two) and doing (workshops – day three). A’ Day a one was fi ay f lled with t lectu th tur tu ures car arr ar rried out by speakers fr f om Brazil, Ban a gladesh, Shan an a ghai an and various European countries who shared their experience and presented diff ffe ff ferent models of schoolyards. Many of them emphasised importance of evaluating community. Successfu f lly designed school grounds fu fu f lfi f l children and adolescents’ basic needs of fi constructing, expressing, inquiring, exploring and communication in educational processes. One of the lecturers tackled the very bothering and important subj b ect of safe bj f ty issues. fe ‘School grounds should not be as safe f as possible but as safe fe f as necessary fe r .’ This seems a ry breaking point in exaggerated safe f ty fe t precau a tions th au t at qu q ite oft f en go beyond common sense. ft According to Julian Richter; “E “Ed Edu ducators r are rs r re re r sp s onsible fo f r pro r vidi ro d ng child di ldr ld dre ren and young peop o le with op t op th opp pportunities e to de es d velop o comp op m etencies mp e such as common sense, es e pro e, r blem solv ro l ing lv and conf nfi nf fide d nce.” They “need to take k ris ke i ks is k in ord rde rd der to de d velop o cogn op g itive, social, gn l phy l, hys hy ysical and psy s chological comp sy m etencies”. mp As risk is present every r where in the world, children and young people “need to be able to ry r cogn re g is gn i e and re r sp s ond to ris i k (…) in ord is rde rd der to pro r tect th ro t emselves and to de d velop o th op t eir own ris i k assessment cap is a abilities”. ap The long day of intellectual workout was fi f nalised with an evening event – a boat trip along the Spree river– r a chance fo r– f r networking and social integration. The fo f llowing day was fu f lly booked with visits to various schools which were working models of ‘Grün macht Schule’ - ‘Greening up u schools’ movement in multicultu t ral Berlin. tu These exempla proved that schoolyards transfo f rmations do not have to be expensive and fo should never be left f fi ft f nished! There is always some scope to fu f rther the design, it ought to be a constant work in progress. Students should and want to contribute to their schoolyards! This gives them a fe f eling of ownership which means they have more respect and care fo f r the site. The positive eff ffe ff fects of greening up u the school grounds have been noted on a number of levels: - “Green schoolyards can increase physical activity by off ffe ff fering a variety of option plays that engage children of vary r ing fi ry f tness levels, ages and genders.


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179 - They encourage benefi f cial play that is imaginative, constru fi r ctive, sensory ru r rich and ry cooperative. - They can enhance mental health and well-being and promote social-emotional skills development. - And lastly they can improve academic outcomes through hands-on experiential learn r ing and by enhancing the cognitive and emotional processes important fo rn f r learn r ing.” rn The last trip that day was to the Intern r ational Garden Exhibition Berlin (IGA) 2017. We rn W had received a guided tour around the IGA Campus – Intern r ational School Garden Area rn and around th t e IGA ‘Play Station Unp n lugged’ – th np t e Natu t ral Experiential Area fo tu f r Childr d en. dr These semi-wild managed areas provide open natu t ral areas fo tu f r play. It has been proved that playing in open nature helps children’s development and mental health, to master body control and boosts creativity, y risk and social competence. In such an environment y, children tend to play with other children more oft f en than in traditional play grounds, can ft concentrate fo f r longer and the plays are more complex. The last coup u le of hours of the up daylight were left f fo ft f r individu d al exploring and drawing inspiration fr du f om the Gardens of the Wo W rld that fo f rmed part of the Intern r ational Garden Exhibition. rn W got to the last day of the Confe We f rence which was mainly designated to Wo fe W rkshops. I participated in ‘designing walls’ group exercise. Wiebke Wa W genfü f hr, an experienced fü educator, introduced us to three diff ffe ff ferent techniques of designing a blank vertical wall space, whether it is extern r al or intern rn r al. The aim of that exercise was to explore one type rn of activity that would allow to engage stu t dents in transfo tu f rming the school grounds. Such fo an activity, y which can be a fo y, f rm of a play, y creates space to enhance stu y, t dents’ creativity, tu y y, curiosity, y team building and leaves a legacy which they can later relate to. y, The closing point of the confe f rence was a visit and a guided tour at the fe “Prinzessinnengärten”. Located in the centre of Berlin, it is a place fo f r urban fo f od produ d ction, raising awareness of the need fo du f r sustainab a le way of living and also a social ab place. Based on a Cub u an model, where the main aim remains growing fo ub f od, it has been adopted and transfo f rmed to suit the curr fo r ent cultu rr t ral and economical situ tu t ation of Germany. tu Currently one of several alike gardens in municipal Berlin. Y kohama will host the next year Confe Yo f rence fe of ISGA 2018. So get ready d if you wan dy a t to hear an a ar more about Japanese approach to designing schoolyards.

Providing uneven surfa f ces surp fa r risingly decreases the rp number of accidents compared to fl f at schoolyards

Creative paving - transfo f rming an existing path with fo stu t dents tu


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180

The Kew Guild Honorary Membership by Allan Hart

This is now the twelft f h year of the Fellowship and it continues to be highly regarded by ft the recipients. It is a vehicle by which the ethos and traditions of the Guild are made available to those fr f om diff ffe ff ferent backgrounds who have achieved so much in their profe f ssional careers. The Fellowship is awarded in recognition of those who are fe particularly distinguished in their careers in horticultu t re and the botanical sciences. The tu Fellowships are restricted to 25 at any one time. The Aw A ards Scheme, which promotes and administers the Fellowship, carries out considerable research into the suitability of the nominees. It is regretted that the Tr Tru rustees decided not to allow the 2016 nomination to go fo f rward, in spite of every r sub ry u -committee member voting fo ub f r the nomination of such an outstanding person. It is hoped that this will be re-addressed in the not too distant fu f tu t re. Current Honorary Fellows are: Elected 2006 Derek Edwards, Roy Lancaster, John Melmoe, Tim Smit, Ed Wo W lf 2007 Dennis McGlade, Anna Pavord 2008 John Brookes 2009 Richard Bisgrove, Niall Kirkwood 2010 Shirley Sherwood 2011 Adil GĂźner 2012 John Massey, y Graham Ross y, 2013 Piet Oudolph 2014 Peter Thoday 2015 Raymond Evison 2016 No ap a pointment 2017 James Hitchmough, Nigel Dunnett Profe f ssor James Hitchmough and Profe fe f ssor Nigel Dunnett fe The Landscape Centre at Sheff ffi ff field University has been the heart of extensive research into the ecology, y design and management of herb y, r aceous vegetation, undertaken as a joint rb collab a oration between these two profe ab f ssors. fe From 1995-2003, James was Reader of Landscape, and fr f om 2004 to the present day Profe f ssor of Horticultural Ecology. James was the head Planting Designer and fe Horticultu t ral Consultant at the 2012 Olympic Park and was responsible fo tu f r the design and implementation of over 10 hectares of planting. Nigel is the Director of the Green Roof Centre and Reader in Urb r an Horticultu rb t re. tu I believe that the work undertaken by James and Nigel in the promotion of urban horticultu t re through the use of wild fl tu f owers should be recognised by the Kew Guild. The legacy of their research will continue to be fa f r reaching.

News of Honorary Fellows John Melmoe John Melmoe was awarded a Kew Honorary r Fellowship fo ry f r his involvement in the UK Landscape Industry through his tenure at Willerby Landscapes Ltd. John joined this Comp m any in 1985 to assist with the development of the business. The Comp mp m any went fr mp f om strength to strength and worked on some of the largest and most complex contracts in the UK including Canary r Wharf, ry f The Sky f, k Garden, Regeneration of Kings Cross, and the QE2 ky


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181 QE2 Olympic Park

Olympic Park to name but a fe f w. Under his stewardship the Company won nine Gold Medals at Chelsea Flower show and six BALI Grand Aw A ards. In March 2017 John retired fr f om the business.

John recalls that one of the many things he enj n oyed about the industry was the nj eclectic mix of individuals who he encountered. “I have been fo f rtunate enough to have worked with some fab fa abulous guys and girls, some tru r ly great ru characters. I’ve been in a position privileged enough to give people the opportu t nity to excel and succeed to the best of their ab tu a ility, y both inside and outside of the y, business. In retu t rn tu r they have given me great sup u port and enj up n oyment fo nj f r the past 32 years. I leave th t e comp m an mp a y in great han a ds an an a d will watch th t e ongoing development of th t e business with interest and pride. In leaving the business it will give me time to fo f cus on my wife f , fe Gail, and spend some time watching our fo f ur granddaughters growing up u ”. J hn has achieved th Jo t e pinnacle of o th t e lands d cap ds a e construction indu ap d stry du r by ry b winning a six i th ix t Britis i h Association of is o Lands d cap ds a e In ap I du d stries (B (BA BALI) I Grand Award I) r - th rd t e larg r est number in rg B LI’s fo BA f rty t years ty r of rs o award rds rd ds. I hop o e th op t at Jo J hn’s well-de d served re de r tire r ment will enable him re to continue to lobby b fo by f r th t e hig igh ig ghest possible standa d rd da rds ds in th t e lands d cap ds a e indu ap d stry du ry. ry y. - Allan H rt. Ha Tim Smit My year has been one to barely catch breath with exciting developments in the UK and overseas. Our ambition to have an Eden Proj o ect in every inhabited continent continues oj a ace and in 2017 we fo ap f rmed a new wing, Eden Proj o ect Intern oj r ational Ltd, to drive this rn f rward. We fo W are now at an advanced stage of our planning, alongside our partners China Jinmao Holdings, to create a £150 million tourism and edu d cation centre in the coastal city du of Qingdao. The proj o ect is one of fo oj f ur that Eden is planning in China and is du d e to open in 2020. We W are also part of the advisory group u working on very exciting plans fo up f r the Sustainability Pavilion at Expo 2020 Dubai, United Arab Emirates. At our home in Corn r wall we are embarking on a huge programme to examine our relationship with the rn invisible worlds around us and inside us, fr f om microbiology to trends aff ffe ff fecting all our f tu fu t res. Opening this coming spring (2018), the new permanent exhibition Invisible Wo W rlds will explore planetary phenomena beyond our senses: too vast, too small, too fa f st, too slow and too fa f r away in space or time. The year just gone has seen our contemporary r garden at Eden ry reach new heights with the award of our fi f rst National Plant Collection statu t s by the tu conservation charity, Plant

Eden Proj o ect horticultural apprentice Jorin Lenz-Wi oj W lliams and hortiWi cultu t rist Katie McBride among th tu t e red-hot pokers in Eden’s new Brightt Sparks garden.


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182 Heritage, aft f er we set a hillside ablaze with thousands of red-hot pokers in our biggest ft planting scheme since we opened in 2001. We W look fo f rward to see that in all its glory r in ry the months ahead. Anna Pavord The year of 2017 was pretty quiet, as my last book, Landskipping had been pub u lished the ub previous year, and I spent a fa f ir bit of time on the road, talking at various fe f stivals, including the fi f ne one at Aldeburgh in June. We W were in Antigua fo f r a week in January r ry and saw two excellent gardens there: Lindsay Hill in Parham and Spring Hill Garden in English Harb r our. I have been wondering how they survived in the terrible weather that rb later hit the Caribbean. We W were on a sailing boat and fo f rtu t nately had a calm time. tu In Febru r ary ru ry, ry y, I went to Va V ncouver to speak at a gathering of keen plantspeople. No snow, w w, but wonderfu f l views over the harb fu r our. To rb T wards the end of June, I was speaking at the Gardens in the Wi W ld fe f stival, held this year at Whitfi f eld in Herefo fi f rdshire, where the great fo plantsman, the late George Clive, built up u a magnifi f cent collection of trees, including 40 fi diff ffe ff ferent magnolias. The place is now in the hands of his nephew, w Te w, T d, who continues to plant with great enthusiasm. It’s a wonderfu f l place and is usually open once or twice in fu the year fo f r the NGS. In Septemb m er I was in Seattle, a city that is even more beautifu mb f lly situ fu t ated than Va tu V ncouver, to speak at a botanic garden. Conditions there are not so fa f r fr f om what we get here in the UK and they have some splendid nurseries. The highlight of that trip was staying with Dan Hinckley, y who has made a sup y, u erb up r new garden, Wi rb W ndcliff ff, ff f, right at the edge of the sea on the Kitsap Peninsula. I thought it even more breathtaking than his old garden, Heronswood, which we also went to see. Being at Dan’s place was the highlight of the year: such gorgeous great drift f s of plants and the garden most beautifu ft f lly integrated with fu the house. I’ve been a member of the group u , chaired by Alan Street of Av up A on Bulbs, assessing a trial of Eucomis at Wi W sley th t is year. We W had our last meeting in mid-Septemb m er, when th mb t e plants were still looking excellent. The trial continues fo f r another couple of years, but some strong contenders fo f r the AGM are already emerging. To T wards the end of September, my husband and I went up u to Orkn k ey and were blessed with sup kn u erb up r weather. Skara Brae was rb astonishing of course, but I was equ q ally astonished at the vigour and beauty of the Nerines qu which grew in so many fr f ont gardens. They were the best I’d ever seen and I wondered how and when they fi f rst reached the island. It would be appreciated if any Kew Guild member could help with info f rmation on this sub fo ubj ub bject. Anna was a re r cent guest of of Desert Is I land Dis i cs when she chose an eclectic range of is o music ranging fr fro rom classical to pop o ular and re op r lated hig igh ig ghlig igh ig ght of o her care r er both re t in journals th l and ls hands d on gard ds rde rd dening - cre r ating not one but two maj re a or gard aj rde rd dens, much adm d ire dm r d by re b Jo J hn S les among many Sa n oth ny t er ex th exp xperts t. ts John Brookes The world-renowned landscape designer who introduced Modernism to British Garden Design has been honoured with a maj a or exhibition at the Garden Museum entitled ‘The aj Man who made the Modern r Garden’. His biograp rn a hy by Barb ap r ara Simms was pub rb u lished by ub Conran Octopus in 2007. ISBN-13:978-1-84091-448-1 and should be on every r garden and ry landscap a e designer’s book shelf. ap f f.


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183 Adil Güner At the end of June, the Nezahat Göky k iğit Botanic Garden, (NGBB) was well represented ky at the 6th Global Botanic Gardens Congress in Geneva, with fo f ur oral presentations. Aft f erwards I worked in the Geneva Botanic Garden Herb ft r arium. As a result of this visit, rb as chief editor of the Tu T rkish Flora, I was invited to join the Wo W rld Flora On Line proj o ect, oj attending the next meeting at the Natu t ral History tu r Museum in Paris. ry In addition to managing the Botanic Garden in Istanbul, the maj a ority of my time du aj d ring 2017 was spent completing the much-anticipated Vo V lume 2 of the Illustrated Flora with publication early in 2018. Tw T o more Checklists of Turkey have been published, Bry r ophytes in January ry r and Lichens in October. ry Collab a oration with Fergus Garr ab r ett fr rr f om Great Dixter, part r icularly with succession planting rt in NGBB continues. Fergus is a regular visitor to NGBB and visiting the garden at Dixter is always inspirational. In recent years staff f have stayed at Dixter fo ff f r practical training benefi f ting not only fr fi f om Fergus’ expertise and infe f ctious enthusiasm, but his half Tu fe T rkish parentage enab a les communication in Tu ab T rkish very r much easier. ry In September NGBB hosted a group fr f om the 105-year-old Batumi Botanic Garden in Georg r ia – a hidden tr rg t easur u e - cur ur urr ur rrently un u derg r oing restoration. This collab rg a oration continu ab n es nu and later I visited Batu t mi and also visited Tblisi Botanic Garden. During the year I have tu been an invited speaker at several confe f rences in Tu fe T rkey and fo f und a little time fo f r a short f eld trip to Va fi V n in eastern Tu T rkey along with two botanical illustrators to look fo f r Iris species. Garden developments continued including the completion of the redesigned and greatly enlarged crevice garden. On Thrace Island a fr f uit orchard has been planted and a new polycarbonate greenhouse fo f r growing on nursery stock built. Some roadside slopes alongside the motorway have been landscap a ed and planted with matu ap t re olive trees. tu Graham Ross VMM Graham has concentrated throughout 2017 establishing The Australian Garden Council and he now Chairs this distinct body which is involved in: E ga En gag aging Yo Y uth t and has estab th a lished a national ab Y uth Mentoring programme, to info Yo f rm and fo attract teenagers into the hobby of gardening with the possibility of introducing them to a career in gardening and horticultu t re. tu

Lunch at Va V ucluse House Sydney Harbour: Front Bernard Oosterom (President AIPH), Hon Malcolm T rn Tu r bull MP, P Graham Ross (Chair AGC). Rear - Tim P, Briercliff ffe ff fe (Secretary r General AIPH), Steven Haggart ry rt rt (Founder & MD Austr t alis 2020), Kevin Chung (Chairr tr AIPH)

Community t ty Gard r en Engagement and rd supported the Garden Clubs of Australia’s declaration of National Garden We W ek in October 2017. This initiative required radio and television exposure which the AGC was a le to secure. ab Pro r motion of ro of Austr t alian Gard tr rde rd den To T uris i m and is Graham, as the Chair of AGC, accepted an invitation to attend the Association of International Plant Producers (AIPH)


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184 Congress in Ta T ipei, Ta T iwan, to sup u port the awarding of the Intern up r ational Garden Festival, rn an ambition of Graham and Jim Mitchell since fi f rst visiting the IGF in Liverp r ool in 1984. rp A support paper was presented by Graham to Congress and subsequently the AIPH Executive made a sudden visit to Sydney to meet AGC Board members, to visit the proposed Australis 2020 site and meet with executives of the NSW and Australian Govern r ment and nursery rn r indu ry d stry du r . ry Onsite visits were organised with the AIPH Executive including an inspection of the proposed IGF site at Sydney Olympic Park, an ideal venue, kn k own to Kewites who were on the 2008 Kew To T ur of Australia. Later, a private meeting was held with Malcolm T rn Tu r bull MP, P Prime Minister and the AIPH Executive to discuss the merits of Australis P, 2020. The Southern r Hemisphere is still to hold an Intern rn r ational Garden Festival and Australis rn 2020 was planned to coincide with the 250th Anniversary r of Cap ry a tain Cook’s voyage of ap discovery in 1770 mirroring the six month period Cook and botanist Joseph Banks chartered the botanical wonders of Australia fr f om Botany Bay in NSW, W to Cooktown in W, Northern Australia. However due to timing the international event did not receive govern r ment fu rn f nding and therefo f re the “bid process” continues fo fo f r another day. However it is sure to be an exciting time fo f r Kewites to visit Sydney and therefo f re a date fo fo f r your diaries. Richard Bisgrove Not much very r new or exciting this year. As always the year was topped and tailed by fo ry f ur days of lectu t res and associated visits in the School of Horticultu tu t re: ‘History tu r of Gardens’ ry f r year 2 in early spring and ‘Amenity Horticultu fo t re’ fo tu f r the same stu t dents, by then in year tu 3, in the autu t mn. tu On the garden design fr f ont I am still involved with the 200 hectare estate in Surrey and a much smaller but equally interesting garden by the Thames in Chiswick. The main challenge in the fo f rmer – fo f r the head gardener even more than me – is to create an instant landscap a e fo ap f r the new and very r smart hotel complex while repairing the ravages of heavy ry plant (the mechanical sort, not the green) and large vehicles tru r ndling through to areas ru still under constru r ction. ru In Febru r ary ru r my wife ry f and I went to Cub fe u a, not specifi ub f cally a garden tour but one including fi visits to two botanic gardens and passing through some fa f scinating landscap a e en route to ap towns where the dilapidated remains of an elegant past adj d oined smart restorations. dj Interestingly, y a visit to a tobacco fa y, f rm and cigar fa f ctory r brought to light than none of our ry dozen-strong party smoked! One of the highlights of the Museum of the Revolution in Havana was the ‘Wa W ll of the Cretins’ with wonderfu Wa f l caricatu fu t res of fo tu f ur US presidents. Oxfo f rd summer schools took up fo u only one week in 2017 instead of the usual six so our own garden is looking much better than it has done fo f r many years but the main activity of the year has been our more-or-less weekly visits to London to help with our three-yearold and six-month-old granddaughters. The fo f rmer is already showing signs of being a keen gardener and we will work on her younger sister as soon as she is big enough to crawl. Next week (writing in mid-January r ) I am off ry f to the Eden Proj ff o ect to give a week’s oj lectu t res fo tu f r Duchy College stu t dents and next month my wife tu f and I are going to Egypt – a fe Nile cru r ise so I can use my own slides of Egyptian temples to begin my garden history ru r ry lectu t res at Kew in 2019. tu


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185

Smith College Campus

Metro Forest Proj o ect oj

Niall Kirkw k ood kw I spent the Fall of this year as the Wi W lliam Allen Neilson Vi V siting Profe f ssor on the fe campus of Smith College, Northampton, MA. USA. The campus originally laid out by Frederick Law Olmsted in the 1880s has a Botanical Garden and collection assembled by Wi W lliam Francis Ganong and Edward J Canning fr f om 1894 onwards including 1200 types of woody trees and shrubs and the Ly L man Conservatory greenhouses dating fr f om 1895 housing 2,500 species fo f r instru r ction of Smith stu ru t dents in the plant tu sciences to this day. This November I was one of the Keynote Speakers at the International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA) AsiaPacifi f c Congress in Bangkok, Thailand. fi During the Congress we had an opportunity to visit the award-winning Metro-Forest Proj o ect and have a private oj tour of the site-works by the landscape architect Tawatchai Kobkaikit of LAB (Landscap a e Architects of Bangkok). ap

Raymond Evison 2017 was another busy year with travel and rebuilding our businesses aft f er the tu ft t rn r down in sales du d ring the last 10/12 years. Sales throughout the world continued to re-grow with exciting prospects in Jap a an, South Korea and China, where I spent most of October 2017. ap Our breeding programme with clematis is going tremendously well with marvellous pollination successes, and thousands of seeds already sown and having their cold period in our cold store. Chelsea 2017 was again a great success as I was awarded my 29th Chelsea Flower Show Gold medal and also a special award fo f r the innovated design of the exhibit, it was the f rst time this special award had been awarded by the RHS at Chelsea. fi A new proj o ect that I undertook fo oj f r the Charity named MUG in Guernsey (which is all a out male cancers) was to redesign and plant a fo ab f rlorn r large mound in a long stay car rn

Clematis Nub u ia (tm) ub Evipo079 (n)

T anquilite (tm) Tr Evipo103 (n)

Sarah Elizab a eth (tm) ab Evipo098 (n)


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186 park. We W are bringing the country r side to town! Many local school children helped plant ry native wild fl f owers including primroses and native bluebells. Chelsea 2018, is where I will try r to be awarded my 30th Chelsea Gold Medal, we will launch three new cultivars ry that have come fr f om our breeding programme. Sarah Elizabeth (tm) Evipo098 (n), T anquilite (tm) Evipo103 (n) and Nub Tr u ia (tm) Evipo079 (n). ub

The George Brown Memorial Aw A ard

F r fu Fo f rth t erin th i g communicati in t on and di ti dip iplo l macy c in cy i th t e tr t ue sp s ir i it of o th t e Ke K w Guil ild il ld

Nicholas Boyes by Allan Hart

This Aw A ard was inaugurated in 1981 in recognition of George Brown - Assistant Curator of the Arb r oretu rb t m, Kew, tu w fr w, f om 1958-1977. He taught and counselled many generations of students and staff ff. ff f. The Aw A ard is presented annually to a member of the Guild who is considered to have best fu f rthered communication and diplomacy in the tru r e spirit of the ru Kew Guild. It is most ap a propriate, in the 25th Anniversary r of the Aw ry A ard, that the recipient fo f r 2017 is Nicholas (Nick) Boyes, who is one of a dying breed of hands-on gardener who is profe f ssionally trained and qualifi fe f ed in horticultu fi t re. tu Nick began his career at Enfi f eld Borough Council, gaining the practical experience fi required of a stu t dent at Oaklands College, befo tu f re enrolling on the Kew Diploma Course fo f om 1972-75. Aft fr f er gradu ft d ation he was ap du a pointed Gardens Instru r ctor to the National Tr ru Tru rust Threave Gardens in Scotland. In 1977 he joined the CTVC estate team at Bushy, Hertfo f rdshire as Head Gardener, a post he relinquished in 2005 when he became Head fo Gardener at Reveley House and Garden. This was a great challenge as he had to manage more than 50 volunteers, fu f lly exercising his diplomatic skills at all levels. Those Guild memb m ers who attended his open day in 2004 mb were very r impressed with the high standard of maintenance and the wonderfu ry f l ecological fu planting. Nick has been a Guild member since 1972 and a committeed Committee member fo f r several years. In 1980 he was invited to join the Cases Committee of the Gardeners Royal Benevolent Society and is now on the Policy and Services Committee of Perennial - a very long term involvement with the charity. The Kew Guild is delighted to recognise Nick’s achievements with the presentation of the George Brown Memorial Aw A ard 2017.

Kew News: 2017 ‘Kew And Yo Y u’ is the weekly newsletter produced by and fo f r Kew’s volunteers and also available fo f r staff ff. ff f. Vo V lunteer Editor Amanda Le Poer-Tr T ench has kindly agreed Tr to allow the Guild to publish excerpts, which will undoubtedly be of great interest to Kewites around the world. All copyright belongs to RBG Kew. w Once again précised w. by Richard Wa W rd. Januaryy Kew Orchid Festival 4 February - 5 March 2017. Inspired by th t e vibran a t colour an u s, cultu ur tur tu ure and magnifi f cent plant life fi f of India, this year’s fe fe f stival fe f atu t res giant fl tu f oral displays created using exotic orchids, decorative rickshaws, Indian soundscap a es, fi ap f lms and much more.


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187 Can’t sing? Wo W n’t sing? Join the Kew Choir. r In January r. r we are starting a Kew choir ry and we are looking fo f r members fr f om across the whole Kew fa f mily. We W need both beginners and experienced singers – this is open to all. If you would like to try r something ry diff ffe ff ferent and enj n oy an hour of learn nj r ing how to sing in a group rn u , come along to one of our up taster sessions with Kew’s Choir Master, Sam Evans. W rk has started on the maj Wo a or project, announced by Historic Royal Palaces (HHRP) aj last year, to restore the Great Pagoda to its original Georgian splendour. Using innovative techniques and a team of highly skilled craft f smen, the fa ft f mous eighty dragons that once adorn r ed the original Wi rn W lliam Chambers design are set to be retu t rn tu r ed to the Pagoda. Aft f er ft a year of intensive research by a team of experts and HRP’s specialist team, the design fo f r the dragons has been agreed, and throughout 2017, a team of craft f smen will be re-creating ft them. In the meantime, important conservation work is to be carried out on the Pagoda, and last week work began on site. A scaff ffo ff fold will be erected around the Pagoda fr f om March, which will be in place until at least the end of 2017, when installation of the eighty new dragons will begin. Over the past twenty years the Pagoda has been opened to the pub u lic infr ub f equently, fr y but HRP anticipates reopening this important building permanently y, f om around Easter 2018 fo fr f r visitors to enj n oy. The Great Pagoda is an iconic landmark in nj the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Built fo f r Princess Augusta (mother to King George III) by the architect Wi W lliam Chambers, it is one of the most important examples of a Chinese inspired Pagoda in the world. Februaryy Denise Drummer has joined the School of Horticultu t re team as Adminstration Assistant. tu I am delighted to announce that Meredith Pierce Hunter will be joining Kew as the new Director of th t e Kew Foundation. She is curr r ently th rr t e Director of Development and Alumni Relations at London Business School where, over the last six years, she has been a key member of the fu f ndraising team responsible fo f r the school’s successfu f l £125m campaign. fu She has extensive experience of maj a or gift aj f s, alumni relations, international fu ft f ndraising and institutional support. She leads and manages a team of around 25 people and is a member of LBS’s senior management committee. Meredith is originally fr f om the USA and prior to London Business School worked in fu f ndraising roles at Hollins University and Harvard University. She has a BA in French and Intern r ational Stu rn t dies. tu W have taken great care in this recru We r itment process given the critical importance of this ru role to both the Foundation and to RBG Kew. Meredith is an outstanding fu f ndraising profe f ssional and an accomplished leader. I have great confi fe f dence that she will fl fi f ourish at Kew and fi f t well with t our cultu th t re. I also believe she has th tu t e vision, amb m ition and leadership mb skills to enab a le the Foundation to deliver their exciting plans fo ab f r growth and to ensure ever closer working with colleagues across all areas of Kew. She will be a member of the Kew Executive Board. Meredith will be joining in the fi f rst week of May and I very r much look ry f rw fo r ard to welcoming her to Kew. – Richard Deverell, Director Congratulations to Kew’s Vo V lunteer Guides on their 25th Anniversary. y Guides kn y. k ow how to celebrate an a d did so in sty t le when Jan ty a et Bostock an an a d th t e Guides’ Social Endeavour us ur organised a marvellous lunch to celebrate their anniversary. Janet writes, ‘25 years ago when the visitor centre at Vi V ctoria Gate opened a desk was set up to recru r it Friends to ru sup u port Kew. Wi up W thin two weeks it was becoming an info f rmation desk and it is still there fo staff ffe ff fed by volunteers answering mostly more interesting questions than the inevitable “where are the loos?” At the same time, Febru r ary ru r 1992, the fi ry f rst volunteer guides started off ffe ff fering tours to the pub u lic. Wi ub W th possibly 25,000 tours under their joint belts, the guides are still off ffe ff fering a wide variety of tours. The Kew science and horticultural staff f have ff


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188 always provided the training needed to keep guides well info f rmed and we are very fo a preciative of their generosity in giving us the kn ap k owledge we need to speak to the pub u lic. ub T celebrate this amazing achievement we held a lunch on Monday 6th February in To Museum No 1 inviting all curr r ent and as many retired guides as could be contacted. Ninety rr t ty people came together to chat, reminisce and enj n oy a splendid selfnj f catered lunch. Charging f£10 per head we made an unexpected profi f t of £250, which will go towards sup fi u porting up Kew’s work. Richard Deverell read out messages sent by fo f rm r er Directors and Sir David Attenb n orough. nb At the top tab a le with Richard Deverell were Dianne Cooper who ran the fi ab f rst Friends and info f rm fo r ation desk, Lau aur au ura Giuff ffr ff frida who as a un u ion representative sup u port up r ed th rt t e intr t odu tr d ction du of volunteer guides, Jack Andrews who suggested holding this event, retired coordinator Barb r ara Boyle and our present leader Margaret Kemal-ur-rahim. A quiz devised by Jack rb Andrews gave guests cause fo f r discussion and both that and a raff ffl ff fle raised £400 which will be sent to the Red Cross Appeal to help Syrian refu f gees.’ fu March Planting Kew Gardens Station Platfo f rm. Aft fo f er 18 month ft t s of planning, th th t e Kew Gardens station plan a ting proj an o ect is comp oj m lete. Than mp a ks to fu an fun unding an a d man anp an npower fr f om Energ r y Gar rg a den ar and a Richmond Council Civic Pride Fund grant, they have planted over 1500 plants, laid over 11 tons of gravel as well as new soil, compost and bark all to designs provided by the Royal Botanic Gardens pro bono. Aft f er all the hard work, the fr ft fru ruits of their lab a ours ab are beginning to spring fo f rth. Kew’s new Head of Interpretation. We W ’re pleased to welcome Sharon Wi W lloughb h y who’s hb just taken up u the new role of Head of Interp r retation, within the Horticultu rp t re, Learn tu r ing & rn Operations directorate at the Kew site. Sharon brings a wealth of high quality experience and understanding of the theory ry, ry y, role and practice of interp r retation in botanic gardens. She rp led the planning, fo f rmulation and delivery r of the acclaimed interp ry r retive fe rp f atu t res of The tu Australian Garden, an award-winning landscape development at the Royal Botanic Gardens Cranbourn r e, southeast of Melbourn rn r e in Vi rn V ctoria. She is also well-kn k own within kn the global network of botanic garden interp r retation and edu rp d cation profe du f ssionals, and has fe a strong interest in environmental history r and the cultu ry t ral infl tu f uence and development of fl landscap a es, gardens and gardening. Yo ap Y u will fi f nd Sharon in the up u per level of the Wo W lfs f on fs W ng of the Jodrell Lab Wi a oratory ab r building. ry Formal Learning at Kew. w This fi w. f nancial year (2016-17) has been a historical year fo f r the numbers of schools/schoolchildren visiting Kew - in fa f ct, the best year on record in Kew’s schools history r . The nearly fi ry f nal fi f gures are in and they are amazing: Pup u ils visiting Kew 91,206 up Accompanying Adu d lts 15,491 du Pup u ils taking part in edu up d cation sessions 50,021 du Congratu t lations to all staff tu f and volunteers involved in the programme. ff New Te T achers - Earlier this month we welcomed fo f ur new teachers to our team. They will spend the rest of this month training and shadowing our programmes befo f re they begin fo teaching aft f er Easter. Please welcome Jane, Bella, Olivia and Florence to the team. ft V lunteer Training - Kew teachers are ably supported by a group of talented Kew Vo volunteers and we have recently completed all our volunteer training fo f r existing and new volunteers. The training fo f cused on three key areas, which include greeting school


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189 students, supervising the schools’ lunch area and engaging with students in the Palm House. Some of our new volunteers enj n oyed training on our new Palm House Explainer nj topic. The role of Palm House Explainers includes engaging with school groups in the Palm House, delivering the theme “Plant pests, diseases and defe f nce”. This is in line with fe Kew’s Science Str t ategy and th tr t e State of th t e Wo W rld’s Plants Report r 2016, which highlighted rt pests and disease as the two biggest threats to plant health. April p Plants of the Wo W rld Online launches to the public. Following its intern r al launch, Plants rn of the Wo W rld Online, Kew’s fi f rst digital resource fo f r the world’s fl f ora, goes live fr f om Monday, y allowing access to our data resources, with images fr y, f om the digitisation of our collections. Plants of the Wo W rld Online (POWO) is a key outp t ut fr tp f om the Kew Science Strategy. It’s aimed at digitising and sharing kn k own data on fl f ora so that it can be accessed by anyone, anywhere, and used fo f r research, as well as to info f rm decisions about fo conservation, land use, policy and practice. W th over 8.5 million items, Kew’s Herb Wi r arium and Fungarium house the largest and most rb diverse botanical and mycological collections in the world. They represent over 95% of k own fl kn f owering plant genera and more than 60% of kn k own fu f ngal genera but only 20% of this kn k owledge is currently online. ‘It’s very r exciting to now have the technology to ry share Kew’s 250 years of botanical kn k owledge in a global e-resource. It’s a single point of access fo f r authoritative info f rmation on plant species, fr fo f om anywhere in the world and a multi-dimensional catalogue of plant life f , including info fe f rmation on identifi fo f cation, fi distribution, traits, threat statu t s, molecular phylogenies and uses. It uses Kew’s extensive tu data resources alongside images fr f om the digitisation of the collections,’ said Abigail Barker. POWO fe f atu t res: tu - Wi W ll contain Info f rmation on all world’s kn fo k own seed-bearing plants online by 2020. - At launch, POWO will cover Floras of Tr T opical We W st, East and Southern r Afr rn f ica fr plus orchids, grasses and palms - User fr f iendly interfa f ce with search by Latin or common name, place, or trait, fa and accessible via a mobile, tab a let or desktop computer. ab Prof. f Sebsebe Demissew, Keeper of the National Herbarium & Proj f. o ect Leader of the oj Eth t iopian Flora Proj th o ect, Addis Abab oj a a University ab ty, ty y, Eth t iopia, and recent recipient of th th t e Kew International Medal, welcomed the launch: ‘This is a great leap fo f rward to access k owledge and data at a global level. As an Afr kn f ican botanist who has been involved in the fr documentation of plant resources in the fo f rm r of Floras in Afr f ica in general and in Ethiopia fr in particular, the main challenge has been to make the published volumes available to stu t dents, teachers, the pub tu u lic, policy makers and NGOs. Access to the new online portal ub will open up a world of possibilities and put the fl f ora at our fi f ngertips regardless of location.’ Mayy The State of the Wo W rld’s Plants. Last We W dnesday we launched our second State of the W rld’s Plants report at Kew Gardens. Prof. Wo f Kathy Wi f. W llis led the work and presented the headline fi f ndings to journ r alists in th rn t e Nash Conserv r atory rv r . The report ry r is fu rt f ll of novel, timely and important insights into plant distribution and conservation and this year includes chap a ters on plant adap ap a tations that build resilience to climate change, the impact of wild ap f res and a country fi r fo ry f cus on Madagascar.


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190 It was the latter that provided, fo f r me, the single most remarkab a le stat in the whole report ab – that 83% of Madagascar’s fl f ora is endemic (i.e. fo f und only in Madagascar). This single number, to me, underscores the unique importance of this island and explains why it is the home fo f r Kew’s only permanent overseas research base. This second State of the W rld’s Plants is global in scope and is the result of a huge amount of work by 128 Wo scientists fr f om within Kew and partners in 12 countries. It has drawn up u on very r extensive ry analysis of datasets and collections both at Kew and globally. I was delighted with the quality of the report and the diversity of fa f scinating insights it contains. The latter has been refl f ected in the extraordinary fl r press and media coverage we ry have had – including fu f ll page spreads in a number of national newspap a ers. There are too ap many individu d als to thank personally – it has been a huge and collab du a orative eff ab ffo ff fort. But I would like to pay particular credit to Kathy fo f r leading this work and fo f r being the ‘fa f ce’ fa of the report when it was published. I understand how tiring the round of press and broadcast interviews can be! – Richard Deverell, Director. V sit by our Patron. On the same day, Vi y we also hosted a visit by our Patron, HRH Prince y, Charles. He was keen to hear fi f rst-hand of our work on the SOTWP and to meet the scientists who have led much of the work. I greatly enj n oyed accompanying him as he nj cour urt ur rteously interr r ogated our rr u scientists on th ur t eir work r – he is both rk t kn th k owledgeab a le an ab a d highly interested in plant science and conservation. This was fo f llowed by a walk down the Great Broad Wa W lk Borders. The leaden skies were not ideal – but they did make the purp r les and greens almost synthetically vivid. Richard rp Barley and Richard Wilfo f rd explained our design approach and answered a slew of fo questions - including, as is oft f en the case, advice fo ft f r the Prince’s own borders at Highgrove. The visit concluded with a tour of the Wa W terlily House where His Royal Highness was shown tropical botanical treasures by Dave Cooke and met one of our apprentices, Bradley Gangadeen, who explained how Vi V ctoria amazonica is pollinated. Thank you. These visits hap a pen only as a result of a great deal of carefu ap f l preparation by fu many teams. I would like to thank in particular David Cope’s Extern r al Aff rn ffa ff fairs team fo f r organising the reception fo f r our Patron; our Press and PR team led by Ciara O’Sullivan f r their tireless work to ensure we achieved maximum media interest and coverage, John fo Deer and the Constabulary team fo f r ensuring it all ran securely and, fi f nally, those Horticultu t ral staff tu f working on the Borders in the rain. – Richard Deverell, Director ff Y yu coff Ya ffe ff fee partnership. The Ya Y yu Forest Reserve in Ethiopia is one of the last and most important remaining places fo f r the conservation of wild Arab a ica coff ab ffe ff fee and home to a key RBG Kew conserv r ation and climate resilience proj rv o ect. Wi oj W ld coff ffe ff fee fo f rests and surr r ounding rr areas are part of a coff ffe ff fee fa f rming system that benefi f ts both people and nature. We fi W are work r ing with the communities at Ya rk Y yu to imp m rove the qu mp q ality of their coff ffe ff fee, which means that better prices are paid to the fa f rmer. And, of course, if the coff ffe ff fee is worth more, so there is a greater incentive to preserve the fo f rest. For these reasons I am delighted that we have agreed to work in partnership with Union Hand Roasted Coff ffe ff fee to sell Ya Y yu coff ffe ff fee in Wa W itrose. The coff ffe ff fee comes with a small insert that talks ab a out Kew’s work in Ethiopia. And, fo f r every r packet sold, 25p goes to sup ry u port our work. This is a really great initiative. up W ll done to Aaron Davis who has led this work fo We f r RBG Kew. – Richard Deverell, Director June Do you know how many tree species there are in the world? BGCI can now tell you! BGCI has been working fo f r over two years, consulting over 500 pub u lished sources and ub liaising with experts all over the world to fi f nd the answer – 60,065 tree species.


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191 ‘GlobalTr T eeSearch’ is the fi Tr f rst list of its kind, documenting all of the world’s kn k own tree species and their country level distributions. Yo Y u can search the database on the BGCI website or download the fu f ll list. A pap a er was also pub ap u lished in the Journ ub r al of Sustainab rn a le ab Forestry ry, ry y, which is now open access (BGCI). Tr T ee fa f cts: Of all the countries in the world, Brazil has the most tree species, with 8,715 species, fo f llowed by Colombia (5,776) and then Indonesia (5,142). Apart fr f om the Arctic and the Antarctic (which have no trees whatsoever), the region with the fe f west tree species is the Nearctic region of North America, with fe f wer than 1,400 species. Composting and recycling: what goes on in the Stable Ya Y rd? The RBG Kew sustainability committee was recently treated to an info f rmative tour of the composting fo and recycling fa f cilities in the Stab a le Ya ab Y rd by Dave Barn r es. Lucy Brown writes ab rn a out some of the things they learn r ed: rn The compost heap a is situ ap t ated on a concrete/metal pad surrounded by a water moat. The tu moat isolates the comp m ost and stops organic matter leaking into surr mp r ounding watercourses. rr The moat also acts as a reserv r oir to water th rv t e comp m ost piles – th mp t e only th t ings th t at are added are water and oxygen, so it is completely natu t ral. The machines roll the material to get tu oxygen in and stimulate bacterial and fu f ngal action. The piles of material fr f om the gardens are separated into woody and herb r aceous matter. The matter is then passed through the rb shredder to speed up u the natu t ral decomposition process by increasing the surfa tu f ce area fo fa f r bacteria and fu f ngi to work on = mulch. W buy 50 m3 of manure a week (to sup We u plement the plant material) fr up f om the Royal Horse Art r illery rt r . If it reaches a temp ry m eratu mp t re of 60 degrees centigrade fo tu f r three days then the mulch is sterilised – weeds and seeds are killed. A six-inch layer of this mulch added to beds has three benefi f ts: fi - weeds are killed so there is less need fo f r chemicals/herb r icides. rb - less water needed as the dark thick layer redu d ces water evap du a oration fr ap f om the soil undern r eath. rn - it increases soil temperatu t re which in tu tu t rn r causes plants to grow fa f ster. Pap a er, cardb ap d oard and recycling - All the waste pap db a er and cardb ap d oard is taken fr db f om off ffi ff fices in clear plastics bags by the cleaners and collected by contractors. We W have our own cardb d oard baler – a 50 tonne press – and the bales are recycled and sold. There’s also a db smaller baler fo f r aluminium cans, which are separated fr f om th t e general ru rub ubbish bins. Extr ta tr timber, spare pallets and scrap a metal are either recycled or sold where possible. We ap W also recycle wood fr f om fe f lled trees – fo f r example, some logs are to be carved into animal sculptures fo f r the new Wo W odland Wa W lk. General waste - Non-recyclable waste, treated wood and noxious weeds are incinerated. Kew collects ab a out six tonnes of general waste a week. Garden bins are emptied between one and three times a day depending on the season. All in all, we learn r t how eff rn ffi ff ficient th t e comp m ost heap mp a is and th ap t e huge eff ffo ff fort r RBG Kew makes to recycle anything possible. Apparently Stab a le Ya ab Y rd is fa f mous fo f r its fa f cilities and expert rs rt come fr f om fa f r and wide to admire it. Thanks to Dave fo f r showing us around. Grow Wild awarded second grant. The Big Lottery r Fund has awarded Kew a second ry m lti-million pound grant fo mu f r Grow Wi W ld, th t rough which Kew connects people with t natu th t re tu and each other by sharing native plants and fu f ngi, transfo f rming spaces and changing lives fo across the UK. The second grant is fo f r activities in 2018 and 2019 and comes thanks to huge sup u port fr up f om teams across Kew and Wa W kehurst and fe f edb d ack fr db f om our participants and partners.


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192 Since Kew launched Grow Wild in 2012, over 4.3 million people have taken part, particularly younger people and people living in urb r an and disadvantaged areas. Enough rb UK native wild fl f owers have been grown to stretch to space and back in a one metre-wide path, 20 times. Julyy The new Lisa Sainsbury lecture theatre in the Jodrell. I am delighted to say that the Jodrell lectu t re theatre has now re-opened and has been renamed the Lady Lisa Sainsbury tu r ry lecture theatre. Lady Lisa Sainsbury was a longstanding supporter of RBG Kew. She sponsored a number of proj o ects here including our work on the fl oj f ora of the orchid fa f mily. She very r generously left ry f RBG Kew a legacy and she indicated that she wanted this to be ft used, in part, fo f r meetings and seminars to fa f cilitate Kew’s work. We W therefo f re decided to fo use part of her legacy to refu f rb fu r ish the Jodrell lectu t re theatre. tu The refu f rbishment work was led by David Cope and Louise Hansen fr fu f om the Capital Development Programme was the proj o ect manager. We oj W used the new theatre fo f r the fi f rst time recently fo f r the Intern r ational Garden To rn T urism Confe f rence and then the State of the fe W rld’s Plants Symposium. To Wo T day, y it is being used fo y, f r IT’s tech day and on Friday it hosts the Joseph Hooker bicentenary r confe ry f rence. We fe W will be mounting a small plaque outside the lectu t re theatre to commemorate Lady Lisa Sainsbury tu r ’s generosity. ry The lectu t re th tu t eatr t e is now open fo tr f r bookings again, and th t e temp m orary mp r confe ry f rence fa fe f cilities provided by Estates in the Banks Building will be taken down. When booking the Lady Lisa Sainsbury lecture theatre on the booking system, look out fo f r its new name. The f cilities have been improved and modern fa r ised, with simple to use audio-visual equipment rn installed. I would like to thank every r one fo ry f r their hard work and fo f r hitting the deadlines f r this proj fo o ect. It is a huge improvement – a great step fo oj f rward. Thank you. – Richard Deverell, Director Millennium Seed Bank capacity expanded. Last Friday saw the off ffi ff ficial opening of two new cold rooms deep un u derg r roun rg u d in th un t e vau a lts of th au t e MSB. The expan a sion is confi an f rm fi r ation of the success of the world’s largest wild seed banking proj o ect. Seed collections conserv oj r ed rv within the vault of MSB represent the highest concentration of living seed-plant biodiversity on earth with over 83,500 collections fr f om 37,940 vascular plant species originating fr f om nine bio- geograp a hical areas, 189 countr ap t ies and terr tr r itories, 35 biodiversity rr t ty hotspots, 357 fa f milies and 5821 genera. The ribbon was cut by Kathy Willis who said: “I am delighted that we have secured f nding to expand the fa fu f cilities fo f r seed storage at the MSB. It’s a sign that we have done a lot and yet have a lot more to do in reaching our amb m itions of storing the most imp mb m ortant, mp threatened species we kn k ow of in the world today. Plants underp r in the maj rp a ority of life aj f on fe earth; we must conserve and enhance them fo f r fu f tu t re generations and seed banking is a key part of this process.” The new cold rooms, built by Secure I.T. Environments Ltd, took 20 weeks to complete. They increase the seed storing cap a acity by 65 square metres, ap plus an extension of 54 square metres has been made to an existing dry r room used fo ry f r the preparation of seeds. These were always scheduled to be added, aft f er the initial build. ft Keith t Manger, Propert th rty rt ty, y, Health t & Safe th f ty fe t & Sustainab a ility ab t Manager at th ty t e MSB, said: “The extension to our storage cap a acity represents a critical piece of infr ap f astru fr r ctu ru t re that fo tu f rms an important part of our work, as we continue to expand the seed collections we hold.” Colombian Environment Minister visits Kew Gardens. The Colombian Minister fo f r the Environment, Luis Gilbert r o Murillo and the Colomb rt m ian Amb mb m assador to the UK, Nestor mb Osorio, visited Kew last week to hear ab a out the work Kew Science is doing on Colombian


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193 biodiversity and ab a out our living collections. President Santos of Colombia was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize last year, aft f er the end of years of intern ft r al confl rn f ict. Colombia is one fl of the most biodiverse countries on the planet, but because of the long confl f ict many parts fl of th t e coun u tr un try ry are un u documented by science an a d th t eir plan a t diversity an t hasn’t been described. ty Kew is working with the Colombian govern r ment to resolve this issue. rn The President has estab a lished a programme called Colombia Bio, which is also sup ab u ported up by the UK Government. Because of RBG Kew’s unique skills and expertise, we have secured a larg r e share of th rg t e availab a le fu ab f nding, and aft f er robust peer review th ft t e fi f rst proj o ects oj are just starting up u . The Minister heard fr f om some of the scientists leading these proj o ects. oj Maria Vo V rontsova, Carolina To T var, Pepij i n Kooij ij i , Ester Gaya and Gwil Lewis described ij the work that they and colleagues are doing as a result of this generous fu f nding. The Minister was clearly interested and knowledgeable, commenting how important it was that Colombians understood the richness of their biodiversity and how it benefi f ts them. fi He clearly wanted to put the scientifi f c knowledge that our teams are generating, in fi collab a oration with Colombian scientists, at the heart of Colombia’s fu ab f tu t re environmental policies. Following the talks, Rebecca Hilgenhof gave an excellent tour of the Tr T opical Nursery ry, ry y, showing a variety of Colombian plants and explaining how the living collection provides a cru r cial resource fo ru f r global conservation as well as edu d cation. Despite being on du a tight schedu d le, the Minister kept stopping to ask more questions: he said that the tour du brought back memories fr f om his childhood of living in rural Colombia. The work in Colomb m ia demonstr mb t ates how Kew is a vital global resource of plant and fu tr f ngal kn k owledge. Many thanks to Kathy and Richard B’s teams fo f r making the visit so successfu f l. These fu collaborations are important fo f r us and it’s always great to see passionate colleagues sharing their enthusiasm fo f r our mission. – David Cope, Director of Strategy and Extern r al rn Aff ffa ff fairs August g Michael Gove visits Kew Gardens. The Secretary r of State fo ry f r Environment, Food and R ral Aff Ru ffa ff fairs visited the Gardens recently to learn r more ab rn a out RBG Kew and to discuss how our work will contribute to his up u coming 25 year environment plan. Richard invited Michael Gove to visit shortly aft f er his ap ft a pointment as Secretary r of State ry in June. Ensuring a strong and mutu t ally sup tu u portive relationship with Defr up f a is important fr f r Kew and his visit demonstrated that he wanted to build on the improving relations fo we’ve seen over the last fe f w years. Marcus Agius, our Chairm r an, led the visit with sup rm u port up f om Richard and me, ab fr a ly choreograp a hed by Jasmine in my Extern ap r al Aff rn ffa ff fairs team. The Secretary of State was interested to hear how well we are progressing against the obj b ectives set out in our strategy, fr bj f om Science priorities such as State of the Wo W rld’s Plants; to commercial growth through events such as Christmas at Kew; and horticultu t ral tu improvements at Kew Gardens and Wa W kehurst. Mr. Gove was interested in Kew’s history ry, ry y, and how our historic strengths have relevance today: David Goyder showed him historic a d modern an r specimens in th rn t e Herb r ar rb a ium an a d we talked ab a out how digitising th t e Herb r ar rb a ium collection would be a great gift f to the world. The 25 year environment plan is one of the ft Secretary r of State’s curr ry r ent priorities and he wanted our views on what should be included. rr Kew is involved in developing the plan in three ways: - Kathy is a member of the Natu t ral Cap tu a ital Committee, an independent group ap u set up up u to advise Defr f a on issues around natu fr t ral cap tu a ital and ecosystem services. She will be ap f eding in advice to the Secretary fe r of State as part of the Committee in September. ry - Through our pub u lic engagement activities in Kew Gardens, Wa ub W kehurst and through Grow Wi W ld, we reach millions of people to connect their lives to plants and fu f ngi. This


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194 connection of people to natu t re will be a central theme of the plan. tu - Our extensive network of intern r ational partnerships and collab rn a orations around the ab world allows Kew to be a global resource, raising the profi f le and reputation of the UK fi in the process of managing these relationships. The Secretary r of State is enthusiastic ry a out how the UK can be a global leader in the environment and conservation. ab All in all it was an energising discussion. The Secretary r of State was inqu ry q isitive, intelligent qu and engaged with t our work th r . There are many th rk t ings to fo f llow up u with t him and civil serv th r ants rv in Defr f a, but as a fi fr f rst step in building a strong relationship with the Secretary r of State ry himself it went well. I personally most enj n oyed seeing the Secretary nj r of State making a bee ry hotel in the children’s activities zone in the natu t ral area. The team there was excellent and tu f und time to talk to him as well as entertaining some enthusiastic children. I’d like to fo thank them and every r one else who helped make the visit a success. David Cope, Director ry of Strategy and Extern r al Aff rn ffa ff fairs. September p Sadiq Khan visits Kew Gardens. Last week I was delighted to host th t e May a or of London, ay Sadiq Kh K an, at Kew Gardens. He was joined by a number of colleagues fr f om City Hall including the Deputy Mayor fo f r Environment and Energy, y Shirley Rodrigues. y, Despite the grey skies and steady rain Sadiq declined a (Kew branded) umbrella and we set off f fr ff f om Elizab a eth ab t Gate to th th t e Broad Wa W lk at a crisp pace. Here we met Richard Wi W lfo f rd fo who described the Great Borders and our aims in creating not just a horticultural spectacular but also to use distinctive design and planting to help our visitors understand more ab a out plant diversity and taxonomy. Sadiq met a number of ap a prentices and work experience volunteers stoically working on the borders and he also made time to be photographed with various children surprised to fi f nd themselves meeting the London Mayor with his greeting ‘Hi, I’m Sadiq’. Aft f er press photos (with the Palm House and borders as the backdrop) we headed into the ft Princess of Wa W les Conservatory where Olwen Grace described the importance of her research on succulents. Elisa Biondi and Lara Jewitt then took Sadiq through the tropical section showing him some of our treasures and bringing to life f why researching and fe conserving these plants is so vital to humanity. For a coup u le of minutes all attention was up diverted to one of our resplendent Chinese Wa W ter Dragons which looked magnifi f cently fi indiff ffe ff ferent to the press, Mayor and Kew delegation admiring him. It was rather amusing. W ended at The Hive where Phil Stevenson and Hauke Koch described their research on We plant/p / ollinator interactions and the importance of pollinators to human wellbeing and /p ecological health. Sadiq was particularly interested in their work and asked a number of questions ab a out pollinators and the role of urb r an pollinators. He was also wowed by The rb Hive which, despite the rain, looked fa f ntastic. The Mayor used his visit to The Hive to lau a nch his new initiative, the Greener City au t Fund. This is a £1m fu ty f nd that work r s in a similar rk way to Grow Wi W ld, with grants of between £5,000 and £50,000 availab a le to community ab group u s fo up f r proj o ects such as lining walking routes to schools with air qu oj q ality boosting trees, creating mini play spaces and community gardens in built-up u areas. up He also recently launched a draft f London environment strategy, ft y in which RBG Kew has y, a keen interest. Jasmine Ry R der-McGiff f in the Extern ff r al Aff rn ffa ff fairs team will be coordinating a Kew-wide response to this. These visits always fe f el rather ru r shed – we try r and convey a ry lot quickly. I am aware we somewhat bombard our visitors with info f rmation about the fo many fa f cets of Kew and it is hard to tell sometimes what impressions are created. I was keen to stress that Kew is a world-class organisation with extraordinary r collections and a ry


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195 netw t ork tw r of part rk rtn rt tnerships fr f om all over th t e world. I also wanted to convey th t at Kew Gardens are a great asset fo f r London – an a d fo f r th t e May a or – an ay a d th t at I hope he will use it to showcase London to the world. He was very r ab ry a sorb r ed by all that he had seen and heard. Aft rb f er his press interviews at The ft Hive he turned to me to say goodb d ye and said ‘you should be very proud of Kew’. To db T which, I somewhat simply replied, ‘I am!’ May I thank every r one who participated in this ry and especially Jas Ry R der McGiff f who did a great job organising the event. – Richard ff Deverell, Director President of Madagascar visits Kew. On Tuesday we welcomed President Hery Raj a aonarimampianina, and guests including Sir David Attenborough, Environment aj Minister Therese Coff ffe ff fey and NGO representatives fo f r a discussion ab a out and celebration of Madagascar’s amazing plant biodiversity. Kew has strong links to Madagascar, employing a team of Malagasy botanists who implement a range of proj o ects fo oj f cused on plant diversity, y research and conservation. We y, W were asked to host part of the President’s visit to the UK by the Foreign Off ffi ff fice to demonstrate Kew’s contribution to Madagascan plant science and conservation work. Arriving at Kew with a delegation of ministers, the Madagascan President took part in a round tab a le discussion chaired by Kathy Wi ab W llis, attended by the Madagascan Minister fo f r Foreign Aff ffa ff fairs, Defr f a minister Therese Coff fr ffe ff fey, and Timothy Smart, the British Ambassador to Madagascar plus representatives fr f om Defr f a, NGOs and Kew Science. fr The round table fo f cused on Madagascar’s biodiversity, and the challenges and opportunities fa f cing conservation and restoration eff ffo ff forts. The discussion was a great opport rtu rt tun unity t to showcase Kew’s th ty t inking ab a out conserv r ation policies an rv a d both t th th t e President and Therese Coff ffe ff fey remarked on new ideas we were proposing. The President also saw stands illustrating this year’s State of the Wo W rld’s Plants report, meeting many of the scientists involved, and took a tour of the Gardens with Richard Barley. Sir David Attenborough was the guest of honour at lunch where the President presented him with the medal of the National Order of the Repub u lic of Madagascar. ub Many Kew people were involved in the day – too many to thank individually. Special mention goes to Marcus Agius, our Chairman, fo f r hosting the day, Kathy Willis fo f r planning and chairing the roundtable, and Liz We W st in the External Aff ffa ff fairs team fo f r organising the event and making sure it all ran smoothly. I am confi f dent that Kew’s reputation in Madagascar has grown and we have made new fi and valuab a le contacts and hopefu ab f l that many new opportu fu t nities will open up tu u as a result of this event. Being ab a le to convene this type of group u of infl up f uential people is a privilege, fl and positions Kew to infl f uence pub fl u lic policy in the UK and around the world. ub On a personal note, I managed to get Sir David to sign my copy of The Private Life f of fe Plants book that accompanied the TV series fr f om the mid-1990s. Wo W rking here defi f nitely fi has its perks. - David Cope, Director of Strategy and Extern r al Aff rn ffa ff fairs

October W lcoming the new science students. Last Friday Kew Science hosted a reception in the We Jodrell atrium to welcome our new MSc and sandwich stu t dents. We tu W have 18 (or possibly


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196 19, or even 20) starting fo f r the one year MSc in plant and fu f ngal taxonomy and conservation – a degree ru r n jointly between RBG Kew and Queen Mary University of London. Many diff ffe ff ferent nationalities are represented within this group including three stu t dents fr tu f om th t e People’s Repub u lic of China. It’s really fa ub f scinating to hear how th t ey kn k ow about Kew and why they wanted to come and study here. The answers cover our reputation, our collections and our expertise. They are excited and enthusiastic to be here at Kew. W also welcomed eight ‘sandwich’ stu We t dents – all undergradu tu d ates who are spending a year du studying science in diff ffe ff ferent parts of Kew. The universities represented include Exeter, Sheff ffi ff field, Brighton, Bath t , Bangor and Bourn th r emouth rn t . I really enj th n oyed meeting th nj t ese undergrads and asking them ab a out their interest in plant science and their aspirations fo f r their year at Kew and beyond. Many of them are already interested in undertaking a PhD and pursuing a career in science. I hope we can continue to grow our stu t dent numbers, both in tu science and horticultu t re. Tr tu T aining the next generation is one of our most important roles as a botanic garden. However, I recognise this will require resources. We W have to ensure we can off ffe ff fer our students excellent fa f cilities, and access to both our experts and our collections. I am also acutely aware that accommodation in this part of London is both scarce and expensive. We W need to do more to help our students fi f nd good and aff ffo ff fordable accommodation. We W will in the second half of the current fi f nancial year start to look at a range of possible options to enab a le us to achieve this so that, fr ab f om next year, we can start to imp m rove th mp t e help we can a provide to our an u stu ur t dents with tu t fi th f nding accommodation. Do please join me in welcoming all our new science stu t dents to Kew. I hope they have a fa tu f ntastic year here with us. – Richard Deverell, Director W lcome to new Kew site volunteers - our exciting new Yo We Y uth Vo V lunteer Explainer. r r. As some of you may know we are launching a youth volunteering programme (fu f nded fu through the Heritage Lottery r Fund contribution to the Te ry T mp m erate House proj o ect) including oj a nine month Yo Y uth Vo V lunteer Explainer Programme fo f r 14 to 17 year olds which will be linked to the Silver D of E Aw A ard and the CREST awards. (CREST is a proj o ect-based oj awards scheme fo f r the STEM sub ubj ub bjects i.e. Science, Te T chnology, y Engineering and Maths, y, run by the British Science Association linking the personal passions of students to curr r iculum-based learn rr r ing). We rn W have recru r ited a new youth volunteer coordinator, Shara ru Ismail (an ex Kew volunteer and experienced youth worker) who has worked hard on the design and delivery r of the programme resulting in a really exciting off ry ffe ff fer fo f r our young people. Our youth explainers will be having skills based training and their new skills will be used at weekends and school vacations in both the Te T mperate House and areas such as the Hive and fa f mily fr f iendly areas of the gardens. We W have recru r ited to the fi ru f rst pilot group u of 28 up explainers fr f om two targeted schools – Dormers We W lls High School and the Alec Reid Academy and they enj n oyed their fi nj f rst taste of Kew on their introdu d ction day last Satu du t rday. tu V lunteers Anne Rendell and Angela Fenhalls did introdu Vo d ctory du r tours today fo ry f r the Yo Y uth Explainers and were impressed by the stu t dents, who they fo tu f und to be ‘engaged, engaging and communicative’. The stu t dents’ indu tu d ction takes place fo du f r three days du d ring the Autu t mn tu half term week on Monday 23, Tu T esday 24 and We W dnesday 25 October so look fo f r the group in the gardens. During the induction period we will be using a profe f ssional fi fe f lm maker to put together video fo f otage of our fi f rst cohort of volunteers fo f r our sponsors, but which will be also be used to promote the programme on channels such as the Kew website, Instagram, and Facebook. Exciting times! The pilot programme will be evaluated fu f lly with a plan to open up u fu f tu t re programmes to


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197 a wider group u of stu up t dents. Wa tu W tch this space to fi f nd out what the group u have been doing up and hear some of their stories. Our gratefu f l thanks to both Kew volunteers and staff fu f who ff are helping to tu t tor and inspire our young stu t dents. tu November Plants of the Wo W rld. We W are delighted to announce that Plants of the Wo W rld, an illustrated encyclopedia of vascular plants, is now pub u lished and availab ub a le to buy fr ab f om the Kew shop and online. This impressive body of work is authored by Maarten Christenhusz, Mike Fay and Mark Chase, and is the result of a 20 year proj o ect with intensive writing in the last oj f ve years. This is the fi fi f rst comprehensive book to cover every r vascular plant fa ry f mily in the world, including all fa f milies of lycopods, fe f rns, gymnosperms and angiosperms. Organised in a modern r phylogenetic order (APG IV fo rn f r fl f owering plants and equivalent systems fo f r other groups), over 450 fa f milies are described and illustrated, with fu f ll info f rmation relating to their characteristics, relationships, etymology, fo y economic uses and y, distribution. Maarten has taken the maj a ority of the stunning 2,500 photographs, which aj illustrate every r plant fa ry f mily. Also included is a glossary r of terms illustrated with colour ry photograp a hs, making this an accessible, comp ap m rehensive and authoritative refe mp f rence fo fe f r all. December Ancient Oaks wins Refe f rence Book of the Ye fe Y ar at Garden Media Guild Aw A ards. ‘Ancient Oaks in the English Landscap a e’ by HRA ap R Alj RA l os Farj lj r on, pub rj u lished by Kew, ub w has w, won the Garden Media Guild Refe f rence Book of the Ye fe Y ar Aw A ard. The prestigious awards, presented last Thursday in London, are kn k own as the ‘gardening Oscars’ and celebrate the best in garden writing across all media. The judges said: ‘A tru r ly remark ru r ab rk a le piece of work r rk f om Alj fr l os Farj lj r on, which celebrates how the oak has indeed shap rj a ed the English landscap ap a e. ap Excellent produ d ction values... A riveting read, with immense scholarship. Te du T xt info f rm fo r ative in every paragraph, beautifu f lly written, excellent and instructive photos. A really fu imp m ressive book...ab mp a out whose merit we were unanimous.’ Thanks go to Alj ab l os and all who lj work r ed on th rk t e book: Sharon Whitehead fo f r great editing, Ocky k Murr ky r ay qu rr q ality t produ ty d ction. du

An update fo f r the Kew Guild provided by Director Richard Deverell 2017 was a busy year! There has been a tremendous diversity of achievements by many diff ffe ff ferent teams at both Kew Gardens and Wa W kehurst. I fe f el hugely proud of all that we have achieved. Kew’s annual Orchids Festival retu t rn tu r ed in Febru r ary ru r 2017. The theme was a celebration ry of India’s vibrant colours, cultu t re and magnifi tu f cent plant life fi f . The fe fe f stival was a resounding success, attracting over 120,000 visitors in the fo f ur weeks it was open. Early in 2017 Kew secured the fu f tu t re of one of the UK’s fa f vourite drinks - gin. The UK National Seed Proj o ect, set up oj u by Kew’s Millennium Seed Bank, has been collecting native seeds fr f om across the UK since 2013 and Juniper is the fi f rst species to be collected in its entirety. To T date, 5.8 million individu d al seeds have been banked fr du f om ap a proximately 6500 trees, which will play a vital role in protecting UK trees and tackling the threats fa f cing our woodlands today. With pests and diseases such as Phy h top hy o hthora austro op r cedr ro d i dr threatening the UK’s Juniper trees, and ash dieback present in over 40% of the UK, completing a viab a le and genetically diverse collection of the nation’s fa ab f vourite and most imp m ortant tree seeds has never been more urgent. Kew’s Great Pagoda disap mp a peared behind ap hoarding in March 2017, as work began to restore it to its original Georgian splendour.


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198 Using innovative techniques and a team of highly skilled craft f smen, the eighty dragons ft which once adorn r ed the original Wi rn W lliam Chambers design are set to be retu t rn tu r ed to the Pagoda. Aft f er a year of intensive research by a team of experts and HRP’s specialist team, ft the design fo f r the dr d agons was agreed, and throughout 2017 a team of craft f smen have been ft re-creating them. The iconic landmark is set to reopen in summer 2018. In March 2017 Kew launched the Plants of the Wo W rld Online, a new portal aimed at digitising and sharing known data on fl f ora. The proj o ect aims to have info oj f rmation on all known seed bearing fo plants online by 2020, accessible fo f r research purp r oses and used to info rp f rm fo r decisions ab a out conservation, land use, policy and practice. Also in March we received our visitor numbers fo f r 2016 at Kew and Wa W kehurst. I was delighted to hear that in total, 2.1m people visited either Kew Gardens or Wa W kehurst, 19% u fr up f om the 1.8 million total fo f r 2015. These impressive fi f gures represent a huge amount of work by our staff ff. ff f. The Second Annual State of the Wo W rld’s Plants (SOTWP) report was launched in May 2017. It revealed why some plants are more vulnerab a le than others to global threats such ab as climate change, disease, or pests, and presented data never seen befo f re on patterns fo aff ffe ff fecting plants in diff ffe ff ferent regions. It also records the 1,730 new plant species discovered in the year, including fo f ods of the fu f ture. RBG, Kew’s Patron, HRH Prince Charles attended the launch, held in Kew’s Nash Conservatory r . He was keen to hear fi ry f rst-hand of Kew’s fi f ndings on the SOTWP and to meet the scientists who have led much of the work. The work on the SOTWP then travelled to the RHS Chelsea Flower Show. Kew’s stand f atured rare and endangered plants fr fe f om our living collections with background info f rmation drawn fr fo f om the SOTWP report. The hard work of three teams - Horticultu t re, tu Science and Design - to communicate Kew’s scientifi f c and conservation work paid off fi ff, ff f, and the stand was awarded a Gold Medal, which I am immensely proud of. f f. As the summer holidays came around, Kew was prepared to meet the infl f ux of children fl and young fa f milies in August 2017 with the Science Festival. Aft f er a hugely successfu ft f l fu f rst year in August 2016, the fe fi f stival returned fo f r three days of exciting activities, workshops and tours to inspire children and adu d lts alike, celebrating the incredible plant du discoveries and pioneering solution-driven science undertaken by Kew. Later in the Summer we welcomed the then newly ap a pointed Secretary r of State fo ry f r the Environment, Michael Gove, to Kew. He was interested to hear how well we are progressing against the obj b ectives set out in our strategy, fr bj f om Science priorities such as State of the Wo W rld’s Plants; to commercial growth through events such as Christmas at Kew; and horticultu t ral tu improvements at Kew Gardens and Wa W kehurst. The Mayor of London Sadiq Kh K an also visited us, to launch his Greener City Fund, which will provide grants to community group u s fo up f r urb r an greening proj rb o ects. He was joined by oj a number of colleagues fr f om City Hall including the Deputy Mayor fo f r Environment and Energ r y, rg y Shirley Rodr d igues. We dr W tour u ed th ur t e Great Broad Wa W lk Borders, th t e Princess of Wa W les Conservatory r and The Hive. Although I fe ry f lt we had barely scratched the surfa f ce of Kew, fa w w, the Mayor was very r ab ry a sorb r ed by all that he had seen and heard. When he tu rb t rn r ed to me to say goodb d ye he said ‘you should be very db r proud of Kew’. To ry T which, I somewhat simply replied, ‘I am!’. In September we welcomed President Hery Raj a aonarimampianina of Madagascar, and aj guests including Sir David Attenb n orough, Environment Minister Therese Coff nb ffe ff fey and NGO representatives fo f r a discussion about and celebration of Madagascar’s amazing plant biodiversity t . Kew has str ty t ong links to Madagascar, emp tr m loying a team of Malagasy botanists mp who implement a range of proj o ects fo oj f cused on plant diversity, y research and conservation. y,


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199 W were asked to host part of the President’s visit to the UK by the Foreign Off We ffi ff fice to demonstrate Kew’s contribution to Madagascan plant science and conservation work. W rk begun on our new Children’s Garden in October, which will replace the current Wo children’s play area. We W are completely replanting and landscap a ing the surrounding area, ap to create an innovative new play experience, in a natu t ral setting. It will off tu ffe ff fer hours of fu f n, perfe f ct fo fe f r a fa f mily day out at Kew. The garden will also be a unique and inspiring area where children can learn r ab rn a out the importance of plants and the value of natu t re and the tu environment. The exciting new play space will open in Spring 2019. We W were very r proud ry to announce that the recipient of 2017’s Kew International Medal was President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos Calderón. President Santos is the fi f rst head of state to receive this honour and was been selected fo f r his ideology, y fo y, f resight and work to protect the biodiversity of Colombia. The medal is awarded to individuals fo f r distinguished, intern r ationally-recognised work aligned with the mission of RBG Kew. The award was rn presented at the Institute fo f r Civil Engineers in Central London, where the President delivered a lectu t re on his govern tu r ment’s conservation pledges and on the Colombia Bio rn programme, among other exciting initiatives. It was an excellent event, and I am excited to see the nominations fo f r this year’s award. As Christmas 2017 neared, Kew Gardens was illuminated by over one million twinkling lights, to create a magnifi f cent aft fi f er dark landscape. The much anticipated Christmas at ft Kew, w now in its fi w, f ft f h year, was more popular than ever, with 246,000 visitors joining us to celebrate the fe f stive season. I am always stru r ck by the fa ru f ct that traditionally, y on December y, evenings, the Gardens are shut up and empty, y but thanks to Christmas at Kew they are y, transfo f rmed into an ethereal spectacle of light and sound fo fo f r our visitors to enj n oy. nj Finally, y just befo y, f re Christmas our Head of the Arb fo r oretu rb t m at Kew ap tu a peared on BBC One with Dame Judi Dench in a one off f programme exploring Dame Judi’s love of trees. To ff T ny Kirkham spent time with Judi thinking about the role of trees in our history and in our f tu fu t re, the science behind how they work and communicate to each other, to create a tru r ly ru unique and special television programme. I hope the programme inspired viewers to learn r rn more ab a out our trees, to take care of them and that they will walk through a woodland, park or even their own back garden and look at trees in a diff ffe ff ferent way. 2017 was an excellent year fo f r Kew, w the article lists just some of our highlights. I now look fo w, f rward to the coming year, and the new successes it will bring.

2017: A Review of the Wa W kehurst Ye Y ar by Ed Ikin W kehurst has continued its retu Wa t rn tu r to business as norm r al in 2017, fo rm f llowing the temp m orary mp r ry challenges caused by car parking charges. Vi V sitor numbers fo f r the calendar year of 2018 were over 340,000, our fe f stivals and events were packed and the Friends of Wa W kehurst membership scheme has continued to grow. Lorraine Cheesmur joined as our new Head of Programmes and Learning and has brought energy and fo f cus to this department, showing how we weave our learning, activities, events and fe f stivals together into a coherent programme: expressing Wa W kehurst’s purp r ose whilst generating valuab rp a le income. ab Glow Wi W ld goes fr f om strength to strength and has grown fr f om a cap a acity of 4000 tickets ap to 40,000 in fo f ur years. The event sold out month t s in adv th d ance and despite th dv t e extr t aordinary tr r ry numbers of people fl f owing into Wa W kehurst fo f r Glow Wi W ld, the event’s beauty, y soul and y, energy remained intact, built on the extraordinary r eff ry ffo ff forts of a dedicated team. Our harvest f stival, Bountifu fe f l Botanics continu fu n es to grow, nu w with w, t over 7000 visitors experiencing mu th m sic, f od, Millennium Seed Ban fo a k tour an u s, tr ur t actor rides an a d han a ds-on propagation. We an W also hosted


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200 our fi f rst Kew Science Festival in July, y and we were delighted with the numbers of visitors y, coming to discover our plant conservation and botany. W lcome investment fr We f om DEFRA R has dramatically improved paths, fe RA f nces, boardwalks and fa f cilities via the Infr f astru fr r ctu ru t re Critical Wo tu W rks programme, led at Wa W kehurst by Iain Parkinson. This proj o ect wants to make Wa oj W kehurst fi f t fo f r the fu f tu t re, ensuring the fa fab abric of the site is more robust and easier to care fo f r. It’s also dramatically improved access, with better surfa f ces. This programme recognised the value of our nursery, fa y a centre fo y, f r Kew Science growing and fu f nded the demolition of derelict glasshouses, replaced with a new high-specifi f cation polytu fi t nnel. tu The promise of a proper winter, tantalisingly dangled befo f re Christmas with a series of fo crisp fr f osts, descended into damp indiff ffe ff ference in the New Ye Y ar, saturating the soil and horticultu t ralist alike at Wa tu W kehurst. Undeterred, our new Wi W nter Garden continues ap a ace. Designed to be a garden of pleasure and sensory r delight, our Wi ry W nter Garden will be packed with shimmering bark, swaying grasses, rich scent and up u lift f ing massed bulb drift ft f s. Our ft tru r sted contractor, PHB, are installing a Cedec path (smart, permeab ru a le and hard-wearing) ab whilst the Landscape and Horticulture team, led by Winter Garden designer Francis Annette, have planted a grove of pure white Betula utilis i var jacquemontii and coppery is r ry barked Prunus serrula var. tibetica. No less than 35,000 shru rub ru ubs, grasses and perennials f om nursery fr r Bern ry r hard’s of Ru rn R gby will be delivered in the weeks to fo f llow. The Wi W nter Garden will be complete by the end of March and, fo f llowing a summer’s estab a lishment ab and growth, at its ravishing best fr f om December onwards. The Wi W nter Garden is the second proj o ect fr oj f om Wa W kehurst’s Designed Landscap a e Plan, a ap 10-year guide to fu f ture development that spans a range of proj o ects fr oj f om woodland renovation to exotic new landscape design. The plan was developed by the Wa W kehurst team in conj n un nj u ction with t LDA Design, who developed th th t e Olymp m ic (now Queen Elizab mp a eth ab t ) th Park r . At th rk t e heart r of our plans is Wa rt W kehurst’s philosophy of ‘wild plants fr f om wild places’, working with wild-collected material fa f cilitated by Kew’s conservation science programmes and evoking wild landscap a e in our plantings and designs. Wa ap W kehurst is Kew’s W ld Botanic Garden, an expression of an extraordinary Wi r global scientifi ry f c fo fi f rce in a ru r gged W alden landscap We a e. ap Horticulture is a long-term business and we’re already planning proj o ects fo oj f r 2019 and 2020. Wa W kehurst’s Te T mperate Wo W odlands of the Wo W rld allow visitors to travel around the world in 80 minutes, through the tall trees of Chile, Tasmania, North America and temperate Asia. Composed solely of wild-collected plants and reaching a satisfy f ingly fy coherent matu t rity, tu y we want to complement this iconic arb y, r oricultu rb t ral statement with new tu non-woody landscap a es, closer to Wa ap W kehurst’s Mansion. A North American Grassland and ‘Silk Road Steppe’ are in the planning stage. The latter will evoke the steppe grasslands of central Asia, with a fo f cus on the extraordinary r plants ry of Ky K rgyzstan, a fl f ora which Kew has been entru r sted to conserve in the Millennium Seed ru Bank. Our new landscap a e will chart exciting new terr ap r itory rr r fo ry f r Wa W kehurst, horticultu t re of tu beauty and drama, underpinned with botanical and conservation signifi f cance. This fi summer, we’re starting fi f eld trials in the Asian Heath Garden, led by Gardens Sup u ervisor up Paul Reader, to explore which Ky K rgyzstan perennials thrive in our climate and soil. Please come to Wa W kehurst to fo f llow our progress.


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201

Wakehurst Place Weather: Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days: Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

!"#$%&'()*+,"-$*!$")%$'*./01* January 2017

Wakehurst Place Weather:

February 2017

103.6 mm 22.0 mm on 31st 7

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

70.7 mm 20.4 mm on 26th 6

11.8o C on 8th 3.5o C on 26th 8.4 o C on 8th -2.7o C on 23rd

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

18.4 o C on 20th 1.7o C on 10th 9.7 o C on 22nd -0.4 o C on 11th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 15 Windiest day date: 10th &14th h Direction: NW & WNW Wind speed: 19 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: March 2017

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 2 Windiest day date: 24th Direction: NW Wind speed: 25 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather:

April 2017

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

29.1 mm 9.4 mm on 22nd 13

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

5.3mm 2.9 mm on 30th 24

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

22.9o C on 30th 8.8 o C on 1st 11.0 o C on 31st 5 o C on 11th & 12th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

24.1o C on 9th 14.1o C on 26th and 27th 10.2o C on 22nd and 30th 0.6o C on 25th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 26th Direction: NE Wind speed: 21 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: May 2017

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 1st Direction: SSW Wind speed: 20MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: June 2017

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

75.3mm 19.2mm on 18th 15

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

92.6mm 49.9mm on 27th 20

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

30o C on 26th 13.9 o C on 3rd 17.4o C on 27th 4.8o C on 10th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

35.8o C on 21st 17.5o C on 6th 18.5o C on 19th 8.7o C on 6th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 6th Direction: NNE Wind speed: 20MPH Wakehurst Place Weather:

July 2017

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 6th and 7th Direction: WSW and West Wind speed: 20 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: August 2017

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

95.3mm 32.5mm on 11th 15

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

99.2 mm 46.4mm on 9th 14

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

32.1 o C on 6th 19.5o C on 26th 17.6o C on 19th 10.6o C on 23rd

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

30.7o C on 28th 17.2 o C on 30th 17.1o C on and 23rd 8.7o C on 31st

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 12th and 13th Direction: North and ESE respectively Wind speed:16 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: September 2017

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 4th Direction: SW Wind speed: 23 MPH Wakehurst Place Weather:

October 2017

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

75.3mm 8.6mm on 8th 5

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

38.0mm 10.6mm on 19th 13

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

25.6 o C on 27th 16.2 o C on 8th 15.7o C on 5th 8.9o C on 19th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

22.2 o C on 16th 13.9o C on 31st 15.0 o C on 13th 3.2o C on 30th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date: 13th Direction: 23 Wind speed: 23MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: November 2017

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 0 Windiest day date:22nd Direction: WNW Wind speed: 22MPH Wakehurst Place Weather: December 2017

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

54.3mm 9.9mm on 22nd 10

Month’s total rainfall: Rainiest day: Rainless days:

129.7 mm 27.4 mm on 26th 5 days

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

17.8o C on 2nd 4.1o C on 30th 11.5o C on 21st -1.4o C on 29th

Highest Max Temp: Lowest Max Temp: Highest Min Temp: Lowest Min Temp:

13.4 o C on 30th 1.8o C on 11th 8.9 o C on 23rd -3o C on 12th

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 3 nights Windiest day date: 22nd Direction: South Wind speed:28 MPH

Nights with air temp below freezing (0.0 o C and below): 7 Windiest day date: 31st Direction: S.W Wind speed: 25 MPH

Data kindly provided by Carol Hart, who records the details at Wa W kehurst.


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Kew Guild Medal Recipient Chris Beardshaw by Bry r an Howard ry

Y ur Guild was delighted to welcome Chris Beardshaw to our Yo annual Kew Dinner in May when our President made this presentation in recognition of his considerab a le contribution to ab ‘all things horticultu t ral’, ranging fr tu f om the sciences to the arts and essential practical craft f skills. ft As a landscap a e designer Chris has been responsible fo ap f r many attractive planting schemes including the RN R LI commemorative fe f ature at the National Wa W r Memorial at Alrewas (Staff ffs ff fs) along with many imaginative award winning plantings that have supported important charities at RHS Chelsea. Along with t man th a y contr an t ibutions to radio an tr a d television he perhap a s is best kn ap k own as ‘the Helicopter Gardener’ as he ‘dropped in’ to view many top ranking UK garden landscap a es. ap All of the UK’s maj a or horticultu aj t ral events have benefi tu f tted fr fi f om his expertise, oft f en adding ft an ap a pealing and cap a tivating touch of humour along the way. Chris uses his natu ap t ral skills tu to encourage any age group u seeking to pursue an interest in growing plants whether it be up f r colourfu fo f l amenity planting, produ fu d ctive cropping or the natu du t ral landscap tu a e. ap In making a Kew Guild Aw A ard to Chris Beardshaw this new link with Kew will serve to reinfo f rce the importance of plants fo fo f r our very r survival - a message that must be heard ry increasingly today. We W live in an age when it appears that so many, especially young people, oft f en seem fa ft f r removed fr f om the real world of plants and their essential benefi f t in fi our environment and in conservation. We W kn k ow that in Chris we have a strong camp m aigner mp who will continue to reawaken an ap a preciation of the value of plants in learn r ing but also rn f r the pure enj fo n oyment of the wider community. nj

Subtropical Splendour in Hackney by Sandra Bell

W have probably all had the experience of seeing a fa We f miliar fa f ce away fr f om its usual context and being temporarily unab a le to remember the name of the person it belongs to. ab Finding a fa f miliar plant in an altogether new guise and being comp m letely unab mp a le to conj ab n ure nj up the name immediately can provoke a similar sensation as I fo f und one morning last summer. Rade d rmachera sinica, in the fa de f mily Bignoniaceae, was a very r fa ry f miliar, almost ubiquitous houseplant during the 1980s. Although it makes a substantial tree, up to 30 metres high, in in the mountains of Ta T iwan and Southern r China where it originates it is rn very r adap ry a tab ap a le and was popular as a small fo ab f liage plant sold at ab a out 45 centimetres tall with three or fo f ur stems bearing deep green, bipinnate leaves, delicate and fe f rn r -like when young growing glossy and robust as they matu t red. tu During the fo f ur years I worked as the Horticultu t ral Therap tu a ist at the Royal Star and Garter ap Home in Richmond I unpacked and grew many of them with the disab a led residents since ab the local branch of Marks and Spencer gave the Home houseplants which had passed their sell-by-dates. Since then the popularity of fo f liage plants such as R. sinica seems to have waned, retreating partly perhaps under pressure fr f om the year-round fl f owering phalaenopsis orchids which have become much more aff ffo ff fordab a le in recent years and which ab have become the stap a le, defa ap f ult houseplant in all garden outlets. For some years R. sinica fa does not seem to have been off ffe ff fered fo f r sale at all but in the run up to Christmas 2017


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203 Homebase stocked some and it is also availab a le ab online. Small wonder then that when, in August 2017, I encountered Rade d rmachera sinica growing as de a tree just under 10 metre tall in a fr f ont garden in Hackney, East London, I could not immediately remember its name despite a nagging fe f eling of déj é à vu. It lent an air of the éj tropics to the summer streets of London with its luxuriant glossy fo f liage, profu f sion of white, fu f ared trumpet-shaped fl fl f owers and long, thin, twisting seed capsules. The name emerged tentatively at last fr f om distant memory based solely on th t e fo f liage which exactly matched th t at of the houseplant but scaled up u ten times. Never had I seen such a Rade d rmachera as this, even de under glass, despite the many hundreds of thousands that must have been propagated and sold over the years! The tree’s owner proved comp m letely unaware of mp its identity. She remembered that it had been planted by a fr f iend just over thirty years ago in the early 1980s and that it was quite small then whilst now it needs a certain amount of pru r ning to keep it within the bounds of her garden ru and to remove die back if it occurs in the winter. Her fr f ont garden in Hackney fa f ces onto a wide and busy road. It is not sheltered although it does fa f ce southwest and the height of the house must help keep the worst of the northeasterly winds off ff. ff f. Even so survival fo f r such a long time is remarkable fo f r a plant normally considered to need subtropical conditions. It is some years since I lived in London and I wondered if R. sinica may in that time have become an established garden plant in the capital’s milder microclimate but not so apparently, fo f r a search through the literature and online fo f r hardy trees and shrubs or those expected to become so as our climate warms fa f iled to produ d ce any refe du f rence to it at fe all with one sole exception. This was a single listing in John Medhurst’s online “Tr T ees in Tr London” giving details of a smaller R. sinica in Brixton which has since died. Rade d rmachera did not fe de f ature at all on the database organised by the Tree Register of Britain and Ireland until both these trees were reported and the Hackn k ey tree is now the kn TROBI champion fo f r both height and girth since it is at the moment the only documented tree of its species growing outside in Britain. But fo f r how long I wonder? These two trees were noticed because both had been planted in fr f ont gardens in fu f ll view. Could there be even larger specimens enj n oying the protection of gardens out of site? It would be nj f scinating to kn fa k ow and I fo f r one will be looking out fo f r a tantalising glimp m se. If you kn mp k ow of one or fi f nd one in the fu f tu t re I would be very r interested to hear (my address given at the ry back of the Journ r al). rn

No April Showers - more wildfl f owers fl by Sandra Bell

The month of April is celebrated fo f r its changeab a le weather and can in many years bring ab spells of fr f ost, snow, w str w, t ong winds, sunshine and torr tr r ential showers all in th rr t e space of th t irt rty rt ty days. 2016 and 2017 provided two of the consistently warmest, sunniest and driest April’s


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on record at Kew and whilst the weather made it a real pleasure to be out in the Gardens fo f r staff f and visitors alike, it ff was not necessarily good fo f r the plant collections or turf. f The weather of just f. one spring month in each year was to infl f uence the remainder of the growing fl seasons. Tu T rf suff ffe ff fered, showing signs of wear and tear very early while the dominant grasses in the long grass areas were less competitive than they would Lotus corniculatus have been had soil moistu t re levels been tu higher. As is oft f en th ft t e case, th t e adversity t ty suff ffe ff fered by one group u of plan up a ts allowed an an a oth t er to fl th f our u ish an ur a d fo f r th t e last tw t o years Kew’s wildfl f owers, many of which grow among grass, cashed-in as the grasses, both short and fl long, were temporarily weakened by the dry ry, ry y, warm April weather. Over 1000 taxa of British native or natu t ralised plants have been logged in Kew’s 300 acres tu since the fi f rst records were made in ab a out 1780. This total excludes UK native taxa kn k own only in cultivation. Not all still grow in the Gardens and it is not easy to provide a current headcount as species not seen fo f r years and presumed lost can ap a pear quite unexpectedly when the conditions are suitab a le. New taxa continue to be added to the list fr ab f om time to time too. In the area surrounding the Gardens losses of wildfl f owers have been immense fl as the land has been built on ever more densely so Kew’s populations may be considered to have grown in importance. Meadow Saxifr f age, Sa fr Sax axif ifr fraga gr g anulata fo f r instance, once grew in profu f sion in meadows on the southern fu r bank of the Thames to the west of London rn and now those in the Gardens are all that remain in the area. For the last fe f w years I’ve been collecting the seeds of Kew’s rarer native wildfl f owers fo fl f r storage in the Millennium Seed Bank. Their unpredictability has posed a particular challenge since many are opportu t nists, germinating, growing, fl tu f owering and setting seeds when the conditions are suitab a le then retreating possibly fo ab f r years, into the soil seedb d ank. db Some are hardly ever seen in the same place two years ru r nning while others grow and f ower when conditions are optimal but remain vegetative and hard to fi fl f nd during the intervening years. Sku k llcap ku a , Sc ap S utellaria galericulata, provides a good example of this. A hundred years ago it was widespread close to water but now grows wild in only one part of the Gardens, on the eastern r bank of the Lake among the stones on the margin which are rn normally thick with reeds and purp r le loosestrife rp f . The site has been searched fo fe f r its light blue, paired fl f owers every year since 2013 without success but in 2017 it emerged vigorously fr f om the surr r ounding plants which grew more weakly than usual and fl rr f owered f r fi fo f ve months continuously. The grass banks surrounding Kew’s glasshouses are oft f en rich in wildfl ft f owers. They are fl f equently well-worn fr r by visitors as well as being almost too well-drained and can be very rn r ry dry r even in a wet spring. In the dry ry r spring of 2017 one bank close to the Princess of Wa ry W les Conservatory r where the tu ry t rf cover became very r thin hosted a mass fl ry f owering of Kn K otted clover, Tr T if ifo folium str t iatum so profu tr f se that the seed heads cru fu r nched underfo ru f ot fo fo f r yards as seeds were collected in early June. This is an annual and one of Kew’s rarest wildfl f owers fl since years may pass without anyone fi f nding it. On the same bank another rare Kew annual, Field madder, Sh S erard r ia arvensis rd i , germinated and produ is d ced several generations du through 2017, eventu t ally dispersing into the nearb tu r y beds and becoming a weed! rb Growing in amongst ubiquitous White clover, Tr T if ifo folium re rep epens and Black medick, M dicago lup Me u ulina, the perennial Birdsfo up f ot trefo fo f il, Lotus corniculatus, has done very fo r well ry


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205 on the same banking over the last two years. Flowering on and off f fo ff f r six months it produ d ces a succession of seed cap du a sules which fo ap f rcibly expel seeds away fr f om the parent and nearb r y bare patches in th rb t e worn r tu rn t rf provide space fr f ee of comp m etition fo mp f r germ r ination. rm It is quite widespread at Kew, w if not common, but more is always welcome as it is one of w, the larval fo f odplants of the Common blue butterfl f y. A fl taller relative, Greater birdsfo f ot trefo fo f il, L ulig fo i inosus, ig T if Tr ifo folium arvense prefe f rs much wetter conditions and has not been seen fo fe f r some years. Excavations large and small can bring long-buried wildfl f ower seeds to th fl t e sur u fa ur f ce where th t ey germ r inate an rm a d may grow to fl f owering size if not over-run by more vigorous grasses fi f rst. In 2016 a badger scrap a ing in the ap meadow surrounding the new Quarantine House gave a f othold to another rare clover, this time Hare’s fo fo f ot clover, Tr T if ifo folium arvense which produ d ced a profu du f sion of its soft fu f fu ft f rry r pink fl ry f owers befo f re fo setting seed over half of which was allowed to fa f ll around the parent plant but in spite of this it has not been seen there since. Near the Herb r arium a back-fi rb f lled trench gave Scarlet fi pimpernel, Anagallis arvensis the chance of a mass-fl f owering in 2017 as its seeds fl germinated in the bare, dry r earth well ahead of the comp ry m etition. A fe mp f w weeks later Spotted Medick, Me M di d cago arabica, also germ r inated thickly there and its tiny yellow fl rm f owers were f llowed by the curious curled seed cap fo a sules. ap The past two dry r springs have conj ry n ured wildfl nj f owers into view which might not otherwise fl have grown and enab a led seed collections to be made. Those mentioned ab ab a ove are some of t e highlights. There remains qu th q ite a list of species which ar a e still being sought an a d perh r ap rh a s a quite diff ffe ff ferent set of weather conditions may fa f vour some of those.

Rematio (to return) again by Graham Burgess

I have written at length on various aspects of Decimus Burton’s ap a plication of numerical and geometric skills in his various tasks designing Kew Gardens. It seems he was tu t ning into earlier key dynamics. There is an early Royal connection and, if you draw a line fr f om Buckingham Palace, it r ns down the long axis of St Anne’s Church on Kew Green. This was positioned in 1714. ru Later on th t e Par a ish Hall was positioned at ninety ar t degrees. The line continu ty n es to th nu t e entr t an tr a ce to Camb m ridge Cottage built initially in 1740 by Christopher Appleby, mb y and he was a barr y, r ister rr of The Middle Te T mple. It became a Royal residence.

T ust in Tr Tr T yst

by Graham Burgess A National Campaign will soon be underw r ay to fa rw f cilitate the planting of many thousands of Birch Tr T ees November 2018 onwards. A competent trade source has been set up u and people will be encouraged to carr rry rr ry out a Tr Try ryst Planting, done by the ancients, so two trees spaced 44 inches ap a art (Egyptian Cub u it). They grow and intertwine as a symbol of love of ub any sort. A website is underway explaining the fu f ll story r and advice on planting. ry One option is two trees delivered to a home address but we are also linking to individu d als du and bodies who can help enrich the end result which will include a record of all the plantings done. As a Kewite you may have some infl f uence on fo fl f cussing people via the website on locations where they could do a try r st Plant or link to Composite Ones. If ry If you


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206 t ink you may th a be able to assis ay i t contact Graham Burg is r ess at gr rg g aham@g @gy @g gyrd rda dan.de d mon.co.uk de f r more fo r de re d tails ls/ ls s/w /website link. k k.

The Friends of Kew by Allan Hart

It had always been a bone of contention that all ex-stu t dents and gardening staff tu f had to pay ff the fu f ll amount of the entrance fe f e into Kew Gardens - no concessions allowed. During my Presidential Ye Y ar in 2012, I was ab a le to negotiate with t th th t e (th t en) Director, Peter Crane, th f r a sub fo u stantial redu ub d ction in the annual sub du u scription. The rate fo ub f r 2018 is £35, which is a proximately 30% of the fu ap f ll amount. This is fo f r two people and includes all privileges. All you need to do is obtain the ap a plication fo f rm and write on it ‘Kew Guild Member’. This info f rmation used to be sent out with the Members’ Certifi fo f cates, which are no longer fi issued by the Guild.

Chartered Institute of Horticulture Y ung Horticulturist of the Ye Yo Y ar 2017 The Percy Thrower Bursary Grand Final by Bry r an Howard (Dip Hort. Kew Cert Ed) ry

This year’s Yo Y ung Horticultu t rist of the Ye tu Y ar competition fi f nal was ap a propriately held in May at the University Centre Shrewsbury r where eight brave contestants fa ry f ced challenging questions to win the top prize of £2,500 (a bursary r set up ry u in memory r of Percy Thrower), ry to travel the world and explore many plants in their natu t ral hab tu a itats. ab The competition kicked off f in January with over 60 heats taking place across the UK. ff Those candidates successfu f l in their heats progressed to the regional fi fu f nals of which there were eight challenging competitions spanning all aspects of horticultu t re. The determined tu f nalists fo fi f r th t is year’s challenge, including Kew stu t dent Ju tu J lia Andersson, were encouraged by a large and attentive audience including the Thrower fa f mily and members of the SH Soc. The competition commenced with a plant identifi f cation session along with similar fi ‘idents’ fo f r the recognition of pests and diseases including control measures. The fi f nal and decisive stage consisted of sixty ‘quick fi f re’ short answer questions when candidates, each with an electric ‘buzzer’, competed against each other to be the fi f rst to respond with a correct answer. This years fi f nalists produ d ced an exciting last minute ‘neck du and neck’ situ t ation with the winning top score gained by the Scottish candidate Lachlan tu Rae. The beautifu f l town of Shrewsbury, still refe fu f rred to as the To fe T wn of Flowers, was an a propriate venue fo ap f r this event as TV’s celebrity gardener Percy Thrower was fo f r many years Director of Shrewsbury Parks and always keen to encourage budding gardeners along within the established Shropshire Horticultural Society. Bryan Howard was privileged to be ap a pointed Question Master fo f r this Grand Final. If I Me M mbers r would rs l like ld k ke to fi f nd out more r or view photogr re g ap gr a hs of o th t e Ev E ent, t please vis t, i it th is t e In I stitute of of Ho Horticulture r re website.

Sweetpeas Business by David Matthewman

Since leaving Kew in 1974 I had carved a career in local Government Parks Services, mainly work r ing fo rk f r Wa W kefi f eld Metr fi t opolitan tr a Distr an t ict Coun tr u cil an un a d had att t ained a qu tt q ite senior position being responsible fo f r half of the City’s parks and open spaces involving a proximately 1800 acres of land. ap


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207 W kn We k ew that compulsory r competitive tendering (CCT) was coming to local Govern ry r ment rn park r s in the 1980s and changes were being made to accommodate this. However, it spelled rk the beginning of some very r dark days fo ry f r those of us who were career parks profe f ssionals. fe This got me pondering as to what alterations there might be that could take me away fr f om the disastrous CCT situ t ation. tu As a hobby, y I had been growing and showing sweetp y, t eas fo tp f r a number of years and had won a number of awards at National level. During this period I had grown my own seed and supplying a fe f w exhibitors and had been involved with fl f ower shows fr f om a very young age and could see the potential. The trigger came when my wife f Pauline was made fe redu d ndant fr du f om her job and aft f er much discussion we decided to put our dr ft d eams into place, i.e. putting on trade displays shows and selling sweetp t ea seed at the shows. At this stage tp I was still employed in a managerial capacity by Wa W kefi f eld MDC and used holiday fi entitlement to help Pauline who was working on her own. Our fi f rst maj a or success was at aj t e Great Yo th Y rk r shire Show where we achieved ‘Best in Show’ which led to a very r successfu ry f l fu f rst year in business. Another year on, aft fi f er great successes I fo ft f und I had a diff ffi ff ficult decision to make, stay in a well paid, pension job or put all my eff ffo ff forts into growing the business. I chose to leave. At this stage we had started attending maj a or shows including aj some RHS shows. Up until now we had been ab a le to grow every r thing ourselves, but success overtook us and ry we fo f und a small unused nursery r in our village which suited our requirements perfe ry f ctly. fe I kn k ew that sweetp t eas were long day plants and wanted to produ tp d ce fl du f owers much earlier than June. Aft f er much research, (info ft f rmation was very fo r minimal) I purchased some high ry pressure sodium lights which meant that I could manipulate the plants to produ d ce bloom du f r the beginning of April. At this point we were invited to apply fo fo f r space at Chelsea Flower Show. Fortu t nately, tu y the sodium lights played their part and we managed to take in y, excess of 2500 blooms to Chelsea in 1997 and achieved a Gold Medal at the fi f rst time. W sub We u sequently went on to attain a fu ub f rther twelve consecutive Gold medals. As we kn k ew we would be unab a le to produ ab d ce suff du ffi ff ficient seed ourselves to sell at Chelsea we contacted the Unwin fa f mily in New Zealand and were invited to stay with them at their home. What a wonderfu f l country fu r and our ry experiences out there with that amazing fa f mily would be worthy of a fu f rther article in itself. f f. W continu We n ed showing our blooms nu f om April to September until fr about six years ago, when retirement beckoned. Not quite though, the successfu f l mail order business still continues fu in the cap a ab ap a le hands of our daughter and her fr f iend. I have reverted to growing all the seed myself and grow plants fo f r various garden centres and the many talks I am invited to give. A wonderfu f l life fu f , which of course was enhanced by my experience at RBG Kew. fe

The Kew Guild Archives by Astrid Purton

Since January r 2017 I have had the pleasure of being Archives liaison off ry ffi ff ficer fo f r the Kew Guild. In that time the catalogue has been updated, new papers have been deposited, conservation reports written, a new Archives and History r webpage added to the Guild’s ry website, and I’ve been fo f rtu t nate to become part of a sterling organisation. tu


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208 And yet, t what is t, i th t e value of o th t e Guild l arc ld r hives? Wh rc Why hy should l th ld t e Guild l continue to have ld t em, maintain th th t em, and cheris i h th is t em? 1. Ce C lebrate the Guild’s his i tory is r : The Guild has a rich and extraordinary history, ry y which y, deserves to be recorded fo f r its own sake alone. It is a unique record of the personal experiences of Kewites, encompassing stories and narratives which may not be fo f und anywhere else. It is an invaluab a le social history ab r . Not only do these stories add sparkle to ry the history of RBG Kew, they also enable the descendants of Kewites to trace their ancestors. However, the Guild’s history r also allows the charity to demonstrate its impact over time ry and underlines its longevity. This enhances the Guild’s reputation, particularly in the eyes of the pub u lic. Indeed, a report pub ub u lished by the Charity Commission in 2016 indicates that ub small, local, charities which have been estab a lished fo ab f r a long time, and which are ab a le to demonstrate what work they have done in that time, are more likely to secure public recognition and tru r st. ru Last, but by no means least, having a history r allows the charity to celebrate anniversaries ry and the contribution of staff ff, ff f, trustees and volunteers. This can boost morale, fo f rge an identity, y and inspire ongoing and fu y, f tu t re work. 2. Enable Business continuity t : The great value of having an archive is that would-be ty dispersed records are instead stored together in one, accessible location. This mitigates the loss of info f rmation and enab fo a les its transfe ab f r fr fe f om one Guild member to another. This is particularly important fo f r the Guild given the maj a ority of its work is carried out by aj geograp a hically dispersed volunteers and staff ap ff. ff f. Thus work that has already been done is not undu d ly repeated. du This year, I myself experienced the benefi f ts of sift fi f ing through the Guild archives. I came ft across records relating to a 1940s fi f lm ab a out RBG Kew entitled ‘Kew’s Wo W rld Garden’ stored at the British Council. According to the records the Guild had intended to make the video availab a le on the Guild’s website. Having discovered this, I researched the fi ab f lm and have respected the wishes of my predecessor by linking the British Council fi f lm to the Guild’s website. This is but one minor example of how the Guild’s archives can enab a le ab business continuity. 3. Accounta t bility ta t and Tr ty T ust: In recent years, as a 2016 report r fr rt f om th t e Charity t Commission ty revealed, a spate of scandals - such as fi f nancial mismanagement at charity KidsCompany - has reduced public trust in the voluntary sector. Lack of accountability and lack of info f rmation ab fo a out “where the money goes” has also aff ffe ff fected the reputation of the sector. Now, w more than ever, charities must be accountab w, a le. Having an archive greatly helps meet ab this requirement. It provides the pub u lic with the info ub f rmation it seeks. Whilst the Guild’s fo journal and website do a fa f ntastic job of meeting some of that public demand fo f r accountab a ility, ab y there is no denying the archive gives it that greater ‘oomph’, by providing y, more in-depth detail. 4. “Th T e history Th r of ry o modern Britain cannot be written without the voluntary r sector” ry Dr Georgina Brewis, UCL, 2016: Looking beyond the Guild alone and to wider society, y y, charities are now hu h gely signifi f can fi a t in modern an r society rn t in th ty t at th t ey sup u port up r over 28 diff rt ffe ff ferent sectors. These ran a ge fr an f om Animal We W lfa far fa are to Arm r ed an rm a d Ex-serv r ices, Cultu rv tur tu ure an a d Heritage, Medical resear a ch, Human ar a Rights, Intern an r ational Aid an rn a d of cour u se, Botan ur a y an an a d Hort r icultu rt tur tu ure. Charity records are thus cru r cial fo ru f r ongoing research. Indeed, as organisations such as the V luntary Action History Society (VA Vo V HS) and Campaign fo VA f r Vo V luntary Sector Archive (CVSA) strongly highlight, the pervasiveness of charities in modern r society means that rn


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209 today’s history r “cannot be written without the ry voluntary sector”. The Kew Guild is rather unique in the sense it has a well-curated a chive, one of th ar t e fe f w char a ities th ar t at does. May a ay it inspire others to fo f llow suit. T conclude, the value of the Guild Archives To is such that they are indeed an asset to the organisation and to wider society. It has an historical use and a present-day use (namely by demonstrating the long-term impact of the Guild, enhancing the charity’s reputation, meeting growing public demand fo f r accountability and enabling business continuity). I would therefo f re invite members of the Guild fo to help the archive develop by depositing their records and photograp a hs with the Archives. ap Y ur personal stories fr Yo f om your time at Kew, w your stu w, t dies and research, whether it be in tu the fo f rm of correspondence, stu t dent notebooks, diaries, photograp tu a hs or other, provide a ap unique social history r and repository ry r of info ry f rmation regarding the gardening world. fo It is important that the legacy of Kewites be remembered. *Please note, unless sub ubj ub bject to Data Protection, all material deposited in the archives will be made availab a le to the pub ab u lic. ub This article draws sub u stantially fr ub f om a dissertation entitled ‘Charity Archives & Va V lue’ written by Astrid Purton. The dissertation was sub u mitted in partial fu ub f lfi f llment of the requirement fo fi f r an MA in Archives and Records Management (ARM) at University College London (UCL), fo f r the academic year 2016-2017. If you wish to quote fr f om the ab a ove article, please also refe f rence this dissertation. The fo fe f llowing sources must also be acknowledged: Report by the Charity Commission, ‘Pub u lic tru ub r st and confi ru f dence in charities 2016’ fi The Vo V luntary r Action History ry r Society (VA ry V HS) website, particularly its ‘Save the Archives campaign’ page VA Campaign fo f r Vo V luntary r Sector Archives (CVSA) website which is ru ry r n by the British Academy Research Proj o ect ‘Digitising the Mixed Economy of We oj W lfa f re in Britain’. fa

100 years ago by Richard Wa W rd

In 1917 the Kew Guild Journ r al had 63 pages. At the AGM held at the Holborn rn r Restaurant rn it was reported that 170 members had not paid their 1s (5p) annual sub u scription. Members ub were encouraged to pay £1 fo f r Life f Membership. Over 100 Guild members were serving fe in His Maj a esty’s Forces. Benevolent grants were made to two members. The Annual aj Dinner cost 3s 6d. It was reported that 24 ex-Kew men attended a reunion Dinner in New Yo Y rk, of the 75-80 k own to be in North America at that time. They resolved to estab kn a lish ‘The Association of ab Kew Gardeners in America.’ Fascinating reports fr f om Kewites were pub u lished concern ub r ing rn their war experiences. Obituaries of 15 Kewites were recorded, some as a result of the war.


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Committee Deliberations by Richard Wa W rd

Dear Kew Guild members - From time to time the Guild Committee Minutes are lodged in our archives, which are availab a le to you up ab u on ap a plication. The curr r ent hardwork rr r ing and rk voluntary r Guild Committee members are listed in our Journ ry r al. Some are elected, a fe rn f w are paid due to lack of volunteers, and some are advisors. Meetings are usually held a proximately fi ap f ve times per year, in the Kew Guild room in Kew’s Herb r arium building, rb starting around 4pm. and fo f llowed by an option to repair to the Coach & Horses Hotel f r sup fo u per and drinks. up I hope you fi f nd it interesting to read about some of the many things that your Committee discuss, sometimes at great From L to R: Graham Heywood, David Hardman, To T ny Overland, Jean Griff ffi ff fin, length t , to provide fo th f ra Peter Styles, Alan Stu t ttard, Sara Arn tu r old, Linda Baharier, Leo Pemberton, Stewartt better Guild year on rn Henchie, Jen Alsop, Jonathan Rickards, David Cutler, Sparkle Wa W rd. year. During 2017 amongst matters under discussion, in no part r icular order, were: Guild Charitab rt a le Incorp ab r orated Organisation (CIO) rp headed up by Bob Ivison (ongoing); Charity Law advice; liaison with the Charity Commission; Honorary r memberships, and Fellowships; ap ry a pointment of Archivist and her report to the November Committee; up u dating the website; stu t dent mentoring and outreach tu ideas together with fo f rging closer links with the School of Horticultu t re; up tu u dating the Civi database of members, and the website; John Wo W odhams Aw A ard; subscriptions by direct debit; fo f rthcoming events; Kew Guild medal suggestions; Annual Dinner; Guild room donor boards; George Brown Memorial Aw A ard; contacting lapsed or underpaying members; refu f rbishment of the Guild room; partnership with S & SE and London in fu Bloom; Journal advertising, costs, fr f ont cover, and copyright fo f rms; defi f ning student fi membership; Kew Guild Aw A ards. Such is the draw of Kew that Committee members travel sometimes great distances to attend meetings, oft f en staying in the Kew area overnight. As fo ft f r current Committee member Ian Lamont Smith, who is our curr r ent overseas member and lives in To rr T ronto, he has fl f own over and attended all fi f ve Committee meetings and our AGM in 2017! Fancy joining the Committee?! Become part of Guild history r . Contact our Secretary ry r Sara ry Arn r old. rn

Kew wins Gold Medal fo f r State of the Wo W rld’s Plants 2017 stand at RHS Chelsea Flower Show by Dr James We W arn r (Proj rn o ect Manager, State of the Wo oj W rld’s Plants 2017)

In May 2017, a fa f ntastically successfu f l collab fu a oration betw ab t een Kew’s Science, Hort tw r icultu rt t re tu and Design staff f produ ff d ced a visually stu du t nning ‘Discovery tu r ’ stand with engaging content at ry the RHS Chelsea Flower Show, w fo w, f r which we were awarded a prestigious Gold Medal. The exhibit was entitled State of th t e Wo W rld’s Plan a ts, comp an m lementing our mp u 2017 report ur r , which rt was launched on 18th May – showcasing exciting plant discoveries, exploring plants


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211 The core Kew team on the stand on Press Day, y L to R: Lara Jewitt, y, T m Freeth, James We To W arn r . ©Colin Club rn u be ub

capable of withstanding extreme environments, highlighting compelling plant conserv r ation activities, rv and fo f cusing on the biodiversity hotspot of Madagascar.

Our Kew exhibit fe f atured rarities such as Ny N mp m haea t ermarum, a tiny water lily th f om Rwanda, now extinct fr in the wild but fo f rtunately held in living collections at Kew and in Germany; a handsome live specimen of the Philippine pitcher plant Ne Nep epenth t es ro th r bcantley e i, described by Kew’s Dr Martin Cheek ey in 2011; Is I oglossa varieg e ata, a Ta eg T nzanian plant described as new to science by Dr Ian Darb r yshire in 2009 fr rb f om a glasshouse at Kew; the Madagascan ‘suicide palm’ Ta T hina s ectabilis; and the lizard-pollinated Mauritian plant Ne sp N scodo d n mauritianus, which is do evaluated as Critically Endangered on th t e IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, and dr d ips blood-red nectar! State of the Wo W rld’s Plants is a cutting-edge overview of plant life f on Earth. The 2017 fe report summarised new discoveries reported in 2016, which include plants of horticultu t ral tu interest, plants of economic importance, and country-based novelties. It provided an assessment of global threats to plants and identifi f es those plants that have traits which fi enab a le them to be more resilient to global climate change and those that are more prone ab to extinction. The report also considered the eff ffe ff fectiveness of international policies fo f r promoting sustainab a le use and conservation. ab Through this Kew-led initiative we are engaging the pub u lic, scientists and policymakers ub – highlighting the simple but oft f en overlooked tru ft r th that all our lives depend on plants ru and their fu f ture is in our hands. Readers can explore our interactive website at stateoft f heworldsplants.com. ft

Kew’s WWI Centenary – 2017 update

By Dr James We W arn r (Proj rn o ect Manager, First Wo oj W rld Wa W r Centenary r at Kew) ry W sought in 2017 to reach wider audiences and expand our perspectives on the relevance We of remembrance to modern culture and science, capturing the momentum of Kew’s successfu f l Somme 100 endeavours in 2016 – the produ fu d ct of which was pub du u lished in July ub 2017 in the journ r al First Wo rn W rld Wa W r Stu t dies and highlighted through an ‘Interview with tu Kew Gardens’ fo f r the Imperial Wa W r Museum’s First Wo W rld Wa W r Centenary r Partnership. ry A three-day gathering in Bologna in March became a superb way of interacting with horticultural and architectural experts, wearing a conservation management hat. The confe f rence, organised by the Commonwealth Wa fe W r Graves Commission, included stimulating discussion of heritage sites, changing climate and resource implications, management plans, and it was also ap a propriate to weave-in Kew’s State of the Wo W rld’s Plants initiative. On 23rd May, y the Commission held a Centenary y, r Service of Thanksgiving in We ry W stminster Abbey, y in the presence of His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent and Vi y, V ce Admiral Sir


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212 Tim Lau a rence. On entrance to the architectu au t rally and atmospherically imp tu m ressive building, mp invitation clasped in hand, I was greeted with “ah, you have an orange ticket” – at which point I was somewhat apprehensive, not knowing quite what that meant, and duly proceeded to fo f llow the usher along the length of the Abbey. Fortunately, the colour represented a seat very close to the lectern! The service was a tribute to a unique Commonwealth institu t tion which commemorates 1.7 million casualties of the two world tu wars, and I fe f lt extremely privileged to be there, hearing Kew’s contribution du d ring and aft f er the First Wo ft W rld Wa W r ackn k owledged in the speeches. Kew’s fo kn f rm r er director, Sir Arthur Hill, was credited in particular by the Australian High Commissioner to the United Kingdom, His Excellency Alexander Downer. Community engagement is a strong component of the activities of both Kew and the CWGC, and our two organisations came together once again on 2nd September through a Family Day at Brookwood, the largest military r cemetery ry r in the UK. I was very ry r ab ry a ly and enthusiastically sup u ported on the Kew stand by fo up f rmer Kew Science Edu d cation Off du ffi ff ficer Chryseida Callanan. To T urs of the newly created CWGC Family Day at Brookwood Military r Cemetery ry r ry Centenary Exhibition were popular. The exhibition includes a panel dedicated to Sir Arthur Hill’s contribution as ‘Botanical Advisor’; the Commission stating: “Our approach to horticulture was shaped by Hill’s scientifi f c reports and fi practical recommendations. His skill and experience helped ensure the highest standards of horticulture in Commission cemeteries, something we still aspire to.” Hundreds of visitors enj n oyed the fr nj f ee Family Day, y which y, also included dramatic perfo f rm fo r ances, trails, stone-carv r ing, posy-making and various other rv activities. In recognition of his achievements, Sir Art rth rt thu hur ur was kn k ighted an a d hailed as “one of th t e pioneers of the Commission’s work.” However, there was some controversy over whether he was in fa f ct off ffi ff ficially considered on active du d ty in a theatre of war du d ring the First Wo W rld Wa W r…as we discovered by delving into the archives of RBG Kew and the CWGC. The drawn-out, fa f scinating, and sometimes exasperated, correspondence relating to his ‘ineligibility’ and eventual award of First Wo W rld Wa W r medals is highlighted in a recent article by the author in collaboration with Jessica Hudson (a f rmer Kew Library fo r gradu ry d ate trainee). du CWGC Centenary Exhibition panel at Brookwoodd showing Sir Arthur Hill

In the autumn, through engaging with the Grow Wi W ld team (thanks to Philip Tu T rvil and Alice Carder), we released a WWI-themed


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213 promotion fo f r building community spirit and engagement through wildfl f ower species fl which are kn k own to have actu t ally been seen by First Wo tu W rld Wa W r soldiers on the battlefi f elds fi of the We W stern r Front and by those who visited to remember 100 years on. The selected rn wildfl f owers are availab fl a le in Grow Wi ab W ld seed mixes and provide a direct and str t iking visual tr link with the past, whilst providing hope fo f r the fu f tu t re. To T fi f nd out more, please see the blog ‘WWI Battlefi f eld wildfl fi f owers’ on the Grow Wild UK website (published 8th fl November 2017). Continuing the unique and poignant theme of ‘war botany’ (polemobotany) research and outreach, 2018 will mark the fi f rst time that Kew has led a paper at a confl f ict archaeology confe fl f rence, helping to fu fe f rther bridge the gap between sciences and humanities.

Kewites at English Heritage

by Christopher We W ddell (1997-2001, Course 35, plus a bit more time in the Palm House) For many years there has been a small cabal of Kewites at English Heritage. In fa f ct I started as matern r ity cover fo rn f r Senior Gardens Advisor, Annab a el Brown (nee Chantler), in ab August 2008 - who start r ed at RBG Kew with Course 28 as a sixth fo rt f rm r entrant, gradu d ating du with t Cour th u se 29 - joining th ur t e small Gar a den an ar a d Lan a dscap an a e Te ap T am headed up u by John Wa W tk t ins (Kew ap a prentice 1978-1980). The Te T am also included Alan Cath t ersides (Course 19 - 1981th 84) as Senior Landscape Manager. Alan is now part of Historic England (off ffi ff ficially the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission fo f r England, it was fi f rst estab a lished in ab 1984 and until 1 April 2015 was commonly kn k own as English Heritage. At that point its common name changed to Historic England and a new charity ty, ty y, off ffi ff ficially called th t e English Heritage Tr Tru rust, took the name of English Heritage). Now a charity, English Heritage Trust’s role is to look aft f er the National Heritage ft Collection of more than 420 state-owned historic sites and monuments across England, and it cares fo f r and opens them to the pub u lic under a licence fr ub f om Historic England that r ns until 2023. There are currently 12 garden sites with dedicated garden teams, some ru with a Garden Sup u ervisor, or Head Gardener and Gardener, while the largest have around up 10 garden staff f with Head Gardener, Garden Sup ff u ervisors, Senior Gardeners, Gardeners up and Tr T ainees. While some Kewites have successfu f lly come and gone (Sheila Das (Course 48), Rowan fu Blaik) and some Staff ff, ff f, Tr T ainees, and Vo V lunteers have gone on to be Kewites (including Karen Clayton, Alex Cairn r s, and Susan Urp rn r eth), others have joined and overall there are rp now eight Kewites in various teams/sites amongst a total of around 80 staff f responsible in ff some way fo f r gardens and landscap a es across more than 420 sites. ap Having been the only Senior Gardens Advisor fo f r seven years, it was with great relief that the role was split in two in 2015 and a second Advisor post was created working out of the Yo Y rk off ffi ff fice. Michael Klemperer (1988-1991- Course 26) now covers the North and Midlands. There are Kewites in three gardens, Down House, Wa W lmer Castle and Wr W est Park. Mark Brent (Course 27, 1989-1992) is Head Gardener at Wa W lmer Castle and Gardens Antony O’Rourke (Course 36, 1998-2001) is Head Gardener at the Home of Charles Darwin, Down House and there are three Kewites at Wr W est Park: Andrew Luke (Course 38, 2000-2003) is Head Gardener, with Amy Moff ffe ff fett (a trainee fo f r a year 2010-11, then a Diploma student 2011-14, Course 49) as Great Gardens and Tr T ainee Manager at Wr W est Park, and Gillian Hobley (Course 51, 2013-2016) who is Senior Gardener fo f r the fo f rmal u per gardens. up


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My Career John Aldous It was 1960 when I arrived at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, w fo w, f r t e tw th t o year cour u se leading to th ur t e Kew Certifi f cate. This was, fo fi f r me, an amazing time and I look back to those years with fo f nd memories. It was also at Kew that I met my wife f to be – Gillian fe Dawson or ‘Jill’ as she is kn k own who at that time was looking aft f er the orchid collection in the ft T Range under the direction of TGeorge Nicholson – the photographs were taken on our honeymoon in Portugal in September 1966.

John Aldous, 1966

W th an interest in landscap Wi a e design my fi ap f rst post Jill Aldous, 1966 on leaving Kew was with Stevenage Development Corp r oration – Stevenage was one rp of several new towns taking overspill fr f om London. I was appointed to a fa f irly junior role within the landscape section headed by Gordon Patterson the Principal Landscape Architect. However, some fo f ur years later with Gordon leaving to set up in private practice and taking with him his immediate assistant I fo f und myself leading the landscape team although it was a fu f rther two years befo f re I qualifi fo f ed as an fi Associate of the Institute of Landscape Architects (later to become an Associate of the Landscap a e Institu ap t te as the Institu tu t te embraced other disciplines). tu In 1970 I joined Jack Digby the County Architect and Landscape Architect fo f r We W st Suff ffo ff folk County Council where I gained valuab a le experience within a department which ab was, at that time, achieving numerous design awards fo f r its County Buildings. However with the imminent reorganisation of county boundaries and the prospect of a fu f rther move to Ipswich I took the opportunity when it arose in 1972 of taking the post of Principal Landscap a e Architect with ap t in th th t e Depart rtm rt tment of Architectu t re at Oxfo tu f rdshire County fo t Council ty where I would remain until retirement. Those who have worked fo f r a County Council will k ow that these authorities are fo kn f rever reorganising themselves and it was not long befo f re fo the Departments of Architecture, Planning and Estates were merged to fo f rm the Department of Planning and Property Services. This, fo f r me, was advantageous as it increased my area of interest and in particular my input into the process of identify f ing and fy f ne tu fi t ning of possible route options fo f r new roads and bypasses in the county. Possibly the most interesting of these was the M40 motorw r ay through north-east Oxfo rw f rdshire. This fo was, at the time, the responsibility of the Department of Transport, however the Oxfo f rdshire County Council had a signifi fo f cant input into its development. fi W have two daughters. Sarah, our eldest daughter works fo We f r the Country r side Service at ry Oxfo f rdshire County Council and interestingly has had an input into the HS2 proj fo o ect on oj


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215 issues such as its impact on pub u lic rights of way. As with the M40 motorway this is also ub expected to be routed through north-east Oxfo f rdshire. Our younger daughter, Rachel, has fo worked as a designer fo f r British Ceramic Tiles in Devon but is now a fr f eelance designer f r the ceramic and textile indu fo d stries. du So what are we up u to now? We W ll, Jill and I both enj n oy gardening as you would expect. We nj W also enj n oy walking, especially coastal walking when the opportu nj t nity arises and visiting tu houses and gardens. I also have an interest in the Arts. Of special interest to me is 20th Centu tur tu ury ry design, Mid-Centu tur tu ury ry Scan a dinavian an a design an an a d contemp m orar mp ary ar ry British an a d Eur u opean ur a an stu t dio ceramics. tu It is now 2018! Just where have the years gone?

Jim Emerton As an introspective boy, y I left y, f Grammar School fo ft f r a career in natu t re. My ap tu a prenticeship was as a garden boy under the care of the late, great Frank Constable at Derb r y Parks. rb T ught by Percy Thrower’s head man, I was fa Ta f st-tracked fr f om fi f rst class to distinction in the City and Guilds and AN A CH at Askham Bry r an. Arriving at Kew in 1969, my fi ry f rst year of stu t dies yielded fi tu f ve honours in my sub ubj ub bjects and I was top stu t dent of that year. Finding tu life f in London hard to bear, I gradu fe d ated fr du f om Wo W rcester College to teach ru r ral stu t dies. Not tu satisfi f ed I stu fi t died Humanities and Social Sciences at University level. Eleven years of a tu washed mind by academia, I took off f travelling to around 60 countries and islands as a ff hedonist and bohemian - it was the time of my life f ! Aft fe f er a great deal of career diversity ft on Southampton and Yo Y rk Parks where I led the various Council Unions at all levels in t e corr th r idors of power, including th rr t e manual work r er review of ’88-89, securing th rk t e highest graded gardeners in the UK I retired aged 47 to nurse my mother in the country r . In 2006 ry my career as a jour urn ur rnalist start r ed to soar writing fo rt f r magazines an a d websites. Now I fu fun unction as a profe f ssional philosopher/ fe r/p r/ /poet and author with my eight books reviewed in over 100 counties in Mensa International. Wi W th a measured IQ of 154 there have been fi f lms and interviews of my life f and work, although I sprinkle salt on the shallow sting of fa fe f me. My work has evolved as writer fo f r 16 special interest group u s of Mensa, and I had a stint as up f atu fe tur tu ure writer fo f r th t e Kew Guild Jour urn ur rnal. My books on mar a ath ar t on pigeon racing ar th a e peerless in the world and why ap a ologise fo f r driven egocentricity?

David Morgan ‘Life f through corridors of uncertainty’ - this is the title of my book, and is it not an ap fe a t title? In my fo f rmative years, I lived only nine miles fr f om Bath. My Dad was Deputy Head Gardener to Nicholson’s, the Gin Company, at Hartham Park. Generations befo f re, the fo f mily bought Lord’s Cricket Ground, and built the old original pavilion fo fa f r the Mary r lebone Cricket Club ry u . The great grandfa ub f ther Nicholson had been a top class cricketer fa in the early 1800s. I had a great-uncle who was a Head Gardener at Petworth House, with a staff f of 27 ff gardeners, and an uncle who lived in Te T nbury r who was an expert on ap ry a ple trees and taught my grandfa f ther how to do graft fa f ing. The fa ft f mily had ap a ple orchards, and made their own cider. We W go back 300 years as tenant fa f rmer gardeners, teachers and coopers. My fa f ther and grandfa f ther were experts on hedge laying – an art fo fa f rm r that not many people do today. I fi f rst started at Kew in September 1960 and lodged with my grandp d arents in Isleworth. I dp would cycle the six miles to and fr f om Kew every r day fo ry f r a 7.15am start, fi f ve and a half days a week and working security some Sundays fo f r a bit of extra money. I would cycle back on Monday nights fo f r mutu t al improvement lectu tu t res. For me, Kew was a very tu r good ry


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platfo f rm of experience and fo really stimulated my life f . fe My love of classical music enabled me to meet people with similar tastes. My fi f rst f iend at Kew was John fr W odhams, like me an Wo imp m rover – he cheered us on mp in the Kew-Wi W sley relay. Wi

Len Gibbons fr f om Leigh in Lancashire was one of the f rst people I worked with. fi Y ars later, I met an exYe pup u il Len had taught in the up On the Cricket Team, L to R standing Dorathy Evans scorer, N. Jayman, big comprehensive in D.A.V Morgan, J. Wa W rrington, A. Gunn, J. Stanley, y and the Umpire. Seatedd Leigh; he said Len was the y, M. Evans, T. Preston, G. Ganney, y J. Maddox, H. Bell, M. Theron. The best teacher in his school. y, photo was taken on Kew Green in 1961. There were several fr f om Kew, w Mike Ly w, L cett and Ben Penberthy being others. In those days, armed with the Kew Certifi f cate, one could take a one-year intensive course fo fi f r a Diploma in Education, f llowed by one year teaching practice and if your adj fo d udications were good you were a dj qualifi f ed teacher. A lot of very fi r fi ry f ne teachers fo f llowed that route. One memory r I have is playing cricket fo ry f r Kew on Kew Green against old Kewites. Don Pringle bowling at 80mph – he had played a lot of Lancashire League cricket and was a f st left fa f ar ft arm rm. As a pro myself year a s later a left ar f ar ft arm rm fa f st bowler is har a der to pick up ar u . I enclose a photo of our Kew team. We W had no helmets in those days. In July 1963 I left f Kew to train as a Groundsman at the Pyrene Sports Club ft u . Then on to ub Borough Road College as Deputy Head Groundsman working on cinder ru r nning tracks and cricket pitches. I then worked fo f r the DOE at Kn K eller Hall and Hounslow Barracks. At Cardiff f I gained valuab ff a le experience at ab the Arms Park and Glamorgan county cricket in Sophia Gardens. I was second in the We W lsh indoor steeplechase, and won a medal in the We W lsh cross country Championships. I ran fo f r Wa W les in a semimarathon in Luxembourg, and also in an indoor international at Cosfo f rd, the only fo team to beat England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Ly L nn Davies was our Cap a tain. ap

David Morgan handing over the lead to John Gaggini. Dave Ralston jogging in the background. This year we won the relay (1962).

My fi f rst job was as Head Groundsman at W nchmore Hill Sports Club Wi u . I had just got ub married fo f r the fi f rst time, and I was there f r one year. I then applied fo fo f r the job as Grounds Superintendant and Coach at Edinburgh’s Academy. I had MCC and AAA’s Coaching awards and Institute of Groundsmanship awards. I moved there in June 1972. I was a member of Edinburgh


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Lothian’s branch and became Secretary T easurer, organising the Tr annual fi f eld day. In later years it became a twoday event indoors at Ingliston. I started Groundsmanship courses at Oatridge East of Scotland Agricultural College and lectured t ere once a week. It later th became the most popular course they ran. We W put down a putting green, later it was expanded to nine holes. It is used by the pub u lic and brings in over £100,000 a ub year. Clog race down the Broad Wa W lk at Kew, w quarter mile – October 1961 w,

I made extra cricket squares fo f r the prep school at Edinburgh Academy, y and also started a y, tree-planting scheme. In 1976 I planted a Norway map a le with the Queen to commemorate ap 150 years since Sir Wa W lter Scott fo f unded the Academy. In the fi f ve years I was there I transfo f rmed the place, 41 years later the Queen’s tree is still alive. My cricketing stu fo t dents tu won more matches than they lost. We W played King’s Canterb r ury rb ry, ry y, there was a 17 year old left f hander who scored 84 ru ft r ns – David Gower. Tw T o years later aged 19 he made his debut f r England as a test player. fo In 1978 I ap a plied fo f r the job as Ground Manager at Motspur Park. In September of 1978, 1979 and 1980 I org r anised th rg t e IOG show. I helped th t e University t ath ty t letic team and became th Secretary r of various events. I took a team to Jap ry a an twice, and coached them to fi ap f nish sixth in a road relay in 1985. We W beat the top two universities of the USA and one fr f om China. I organised the 50th anniversary r of Motspur Park, a sporting bonanza – the blue ribbon ry event being athletics track and fi f eld. The guest of honour was Sir Roger Bannister. The black cinder tr t ack was at its best. Sydn d ey Wo dn W oderson had broken th t ree world records th t ere, in 1937-1938. The Cricket Square was the best wicket outside of the county scene. My best bowling was fo f ur wickets fo f r six ru r ns. I played in Matches v Celebrities X1s and held my own against top test players. We W would get a thousand people watching on a Sunday aft f ernoon. In 1988 the track was fi ft f lled in and representative teams including athletics slowly died. Eventu t ally Fulham FC was given a long Lease as a training ground. There tu was an atmosphere at Motspur Park that money couldn’t buy. To T day, y if you visit, it’s as if y, the heart has gone fr f om the atmosphere. I moved to King’s College Merton as Ground Manager. This site had some of the best soil and tu t rf I had ever worked with. In 1989 I was made redu d ndant and the site was sold fo du f r building. I then did contract work fo f r King’s College until 1994, until that site was also sold off ff. ff f. W th my second wife Wi f Barb fe r ara who was Polish and a qualifi rb f ed vet, we moved to Kr fi K akow Poland and opened a surgery fo f r small animals practice, which we called Morgan’s. I started teaching at Krakow University of Technology and the Jagiellonian University, advanced English, problems with civilisation, English literatu t re and English drama. I then tu started my own school, Morgan English classes. I employed fi f ve teachers, also taught Spanish and Germ r an, to 60-70 stu rm t dents. We tu W had over 90% pass rate fo f r Camb m ridge exams. mb In 2005, my mother was admitted to hospital aft f er a stroke. She had also been diagnosed ft


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218 with vascular dementia. I was her only living next of kin so I went back to England to look aft f er her. The school was kept going to the end of term in mid June when I had to ft close it fo f r good. My mother died in a nursing home on 27th June 2006. I went on to rent a house in Market Drayton and worked fo f r the local Council. I was in charge of Parks, Gardens and Cemetery r . In one year I transfo ry f rmed the place with hanging baskets. I won fo two awards, one fo f r town in bloom and the other fo f r best cemetery r . When I left ry f I had cards ft and letters fr f om all the Councilors and Mayor in ap a preciation of my work there. I decided on a new challenge, doing security at John Lennon airp r ort. When I got tired of rp the shift f work, I then worked in mental health with people in sup ft u ported housing. I spend up eight and a half years working fo f r the company called Making Space. On November 30th 2016 I retired. My employers and clients didn’t want me to go as they said I was a one off ff. ff f. To T this day I haven’t been replaced, as it wasn’t an easy job and one needs plenty of tact, patience and a ready d smile. On th dy t e 2nd of Decemb m er 2016 I retired to Church Str mb t etton. tr I have fi f nished my autobiograp a hy, ap y and written two plays – the People’s King’s Council, y, a out the Life ab f of Ern fe r est Bevin who was Foreign Secretary rn r 1945-1951 (to me, the most ry f scinating political leader of the 20th Centu fa t ry tu r ). My other play was ab a out fo f ur conscripts who were in the British Army in the Royal Artillery r in 1947-1948 in Palestine. I have also ry done some fr f eelance journalism – I wrote fo f r Parks and Sports Grounds and Turf Management as a regular contributor. My book gives a History r of University of London ry sport, as well as cameos of people and fr f iends I knew and admired. The success I have had in life f I owe to my fo fe f rmative years and the characters I met at Kew, as I travelled through life f and corridors of uncertainty. fe

Quirky k Corner ky Alex George - The Big Foot only in North America? No, it’s clearly been at Kew fo f r many years, this one (masquerading as a Syrian Ash) spotted by the path fr f om the Vi V ctoria Gate past King Wi W lliam’s Te T mple. Perhaps it symbolises Kew’s fo f otp t rint on the world of horticultu tp t re. tu I was amused by the notice about Hooker’s cat because you could take it to mean a real one, maybe in its 9th life f (in fa fe f ct it refe f rs to a fe painting of Wi W lliam Hooker’s cat that used to hang in the Herb r arium). Ta rb T ken 1992. Not a glimpse of what a dry r ing climate may bring ry and the fa f te of the last 65 bus, rather a country r road ry in the agricultu t ral region of south-western tu r Australia, rn named aft f er an early fa ft f mily in the district (Kew).

News of Kewites in 2017 by Pamela Holt and others

Rebecca Bower - I tu t rn r ed 60 on 9th January r and with the help of suggestions fr ry f om fa f mily and fr f iends, set myself a list of 60 new things to try r or new places to visit, to be completed ry by 8th January r 2018, consequ ry q ently I have been extremely busy all year. Some of the things qu


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219 were quite small, like sending a Tw T eet (one sent and not used since), some quite challenging, like try r ing standry up paddling (done in a rough sea off f Minehead beach – I got ff dumped in the water many times) and some bigger than they looked, like visit all Devon Wildlife f Trust Nature fe Reserves – there are 50 scattered all over Devon! It has been tremendous fu f n and I have enj n oyed trying some nj more creative things such as making a mosaic and making a Christmas garland, and contributing to more community activities like taking part in a beach clean and volunteering at a Foodbank (and I’m now a regular volunteer fo f r Exeter Foodb d ank). I’ve enj db n oyed watching two new sports - ice hockey and nj track cycling - as well as going to the Wo W rld Athletics in London - all had a great atmosphere and were very r exciting. ry The new places to visit have resulted in some fa f ntastic holidays. I’ve been to Sudan on a small group u holiday where we up wild camped in the desert and saw many of the wonderfu f l pyramids and other fu ancient buildings there. I had a three week trip round Peru seeing the Nazca Lines, Lake Titicaca and Cuzco, and culminating in a fo f ur day walk along the Inca Tr T ail to Machu Picchu - amazing to see such an iconic place. I had two weeks on safa f ri fa visiting th t e south t ern th r Ta rn Tan anzan a ian an a reserv an r es of rv Selous and Ru R aha, as well as the Masaai Mara in Kenya, and saw huge numbers of fab fa abulous animals and birds. Closer to home, I had a walking holiday in the Dolomites, a wonderfu f l week on the Isles of Scilly, each day taking a boat to a diff fu ffe ff ferent island and exploring them on fo f ot - the weather was perfe f ct and it was delightfu fe f l, and a National fu Tru Tr rust working holiday at Standen House & Garden in Sussex. As I write this just befo f re New Ye fo Y ar, there are only two things left f on my list to complete ft so I am confi f dent it will be achieved and there will be big celebrations on 9 January fi r ! Inry between all the list activities I’ve fi f tted in other things too with regular trips to London f r my two charity tru fo r steeships, and my sister Anna and I enj ru n oyed the Kew Guild weekend nj in Dorset in May visiting Comp m ton Acres and Exbury mp r Gardens. Hopefu ry f lly I'll make at least fu one event in 2018 too. Chris Crowder (1984) has been head gardener at Levens Hall in th t e English Lake Distr t ict tr f r over 30 years where he and his team of staff fo f and volunteers maintain and continue to ff develop this much loved and historic garden. The 17th Centu t ry tu r topiary ry, ry y, the oldest, most extensive and dramatic to be fo f und anywhere in the world, being just a small part of this


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220 varied horticultu t ral gem. Chris and the visually stu tu t nning garden tu are regularly fe f atu t red in the press and on many TV programmes. tu Many years ago he prepared and presented BBCs ‘Blue Peter’ garden items and has since written apps, blogs, newspaper columns and a number of books including the award winning ‘The Garden at Levens’. He is an entertaining and inspirational speaker, having given presentations throughout the UK and at centres across Europe, Japan and the USA. Chris has long standing relationships with gardens and garden organisations in Portu t gal, to which he is a fr tu f equent visitor. He is marr r ied with two rr children and any spare time over and ab a ove that most important f mily life fa f is spent in indu fe d lging his passion fo du f r all things bees and beekeeping. His fa f ther and horticultural inspiration George Crowder (1953) died in 2017 at the age of 91. Sheila Das (2010). Enj n oying the challenge as Gardens manager at RHS Garden Wi nj W sley whilst it undergoes tremendous redevelopment. Sheila has recently embarked on a programme to improve her health and fi f tness. Starting by completing a walk across the Lake District last year fr f om Keswick to Barrow a distance of 43 miles in a day! Our congratu t lations on Sheila’s target by comp tu m leting th mp t is in under 13 hours. She plans to repeat this walk in 2018 to beat her 11.5 hours walking time by having a shorter lunch stop. Meanwhile the trimmer Sheila is planning other big walks and has radically changed her diet. Geoff f Dykes (1970) has oft ff f en helped out at the Nursery ft where he used to work r prior to retirement, part rk r icularly with rt t th irrigation problems. He now enj n oys working in his garden nj and allotment, home improvement proj o ects and retu oj t rn tu r ing to Malaysia where he enj n oys the warmth and wealth of nj tropical plants.

Maïté Delmas

Maïté Delmas (nee Tr T olliet), a member of Course 16 of the Kew Diploma, was awarded the title of Chevalier in the order of the Legion d’honneur on April 7th 2017 at the French Ministry r fo ry f r the Environment.

Alex George - A highlight of 2017 was a sixweek visit to Britain that included the Guild’s weekend of garden visits in Derb r yshire (reported rb elsewhere). I also visited the Wo W rld Garden in Kent, especially to see their national collection of Eucaly lyp ly yptus, fo f rtuitously arriving as To T m HartDyke was ab a out to show several visitors around

f rmosa near m ia fo damp lda ld W lld Wi Onslow

Jim Emerton - My books are selling well, and have been reviewed by Mensa Wo W rld Journ r al in around 110 countries rn to many thousands of people. I am dedicated to a dozen or more specialist subj b ect areas including Ecology@Conservation. The profi bj f le is large to fi proj o ect my original ideas and lyrical imagery oj r . I hope another award is on the horizon to ry satisfy f my research eff fy ffo ff forts over a life f time of stu fe t dy. I combine art/ tu t science and philosophy t/ in my intellectu t al eff tu ffo ff forts. On a lighter note Country r side Audio@Vi ry V sual fi Vi f lmed fo f r a DVD, and will be availab a le at shows. I use the image to ab get my creative ideas inj n ected into some deep nj waters of the mainstream consciousness.


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221 the garden and he kindly included me in the group u . While spending a weekend with members up Brian and Sylvia Phillips we visited Chartwell where, besides seeing the house and estate, we had an a interesting encoun u ter with un t Black Swan th a s (in an 1948 Winston Churchill painted those then in residence). In Norfo f lk I caught up fo u with Kewites Roger and Diana Polhill and in London Jill and Roger Marsden and Gren Lucas, all fo f rmer staff f ff Acacia cy cyp ypero rop ro ophy h lla, Coondewandy of the Herbarium. I spent some time at Kew, especially in the Library r researching fo ry f r my book on the meaning of We W stern r Australian plant names, and attended the Guild’s AGM the day rn befo f re fl fo f ying home. For my days at Kew I enj n oyed fi nj f nding accommodation with the Wa W rd f mily. fa At ‘home’ a fr f iend and I made a trip to our North-We W st searching fo We f r several plants including the group u of Acacia species that have an attractive bark kn up k own as minnie ritchie and the spectacular Stu t rt Pea ((Sw tu S ainsona (Wi Sw W lld Wi lda ld damp m ia) a fo a) f rmosa)). For three nights we stayed in the small town of Marble Bar, the State’s renowned hotspot with summer temperatures regularly over the 100 degree F mark (37.8 C). During one summer they recorded 162 consecutive days over this mark. Our visit coincided with midwinter day when it was a cool 27 degrees. During all my fi f eldwork I had not visited the town so it was good to fi f ll in another blank. Jenny Grundy - In August Paul Smith (BGSL) asked me to design a Christmas card to go out intern r ationally. rn On the 5th of September Gren Lucas came, and Margaret my fr f iend drove us to the Sir Harold Hillier gardens where Wo W lfg f ang Bopp welcomed us. We fg W were joined by Elizab a eth ab Rollingson and Elisa fr f om The Linnean Society t . Aft ty f er coff ft ffe ff fee and a qu q ick peep at th t e winter garden we had a guided tour of the Edu d cation Gardens by Carla, ending at my dipping du ponds to see the new tab a le and storage. Then on to the Centenary ab r Border which was very ry r ry colourfu f l and to Jermyn’s house where we were given lunch in a private room. The ten fu year plan was shown to us, and we then saw the view points befo f re heading back to the fo V sitor Centre. Carla and Elizabeth had a fu Vi f rther meeting. We W came home. Everyone thought it was very r usefu ry f l. It had been my idea. Our thanks to Wo fu W lfg f ang fo fg f r his kindness. On the 5th of November Margaret Jones and I attended a lecture by Andy McIndoe at Hilliers, and lunch. Then Wo W lfg f ang took us to see my latest tree and Margaret was asked fg to put the dedication sign on Ca C rp r inus x schuschaensis i . The Acer in the Va is V lley of Fire I can now tell you is Acer palm l atum ‘Tr lm Tro Tr romp m enburg r ’ fr rg f om Jap a an. ap Allan Hart - These have been fa f irly quiet, uneventfu f l years, dominated by regular visits fu to the doctor, local pharmacy and hospital! I had a routine blood test January r 2016 and ry was diagnosed with the condition Haemachromatosis - excess iron in the blood. A normal reading is 50 units - mine reached 850! Regular fo f rtnightly visits to St. George’s Hospital, T oting to have 0.5 litres of blood extracted (or as To To T ny Hancock - the hero of Cheam would have said - a bleeding armfu f l) did the trick, and thanks to the care and expertise of fu the NHS by September the level was down to 48 units and I only have to have a check every r two to three months and watch my diet. ry T avelling has been somewhat curtailed and reluctantly we have had to miss many of the Tr excellent Kew visits organised by Pamela Holt. In January r (2016) our two sons, Richard ry and Mathew, organised a week-end visit to Merseyside, to watch Liverpool (2) v.


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222 T ttenham (0) - as a life To f long sup fe u porter of Liverp up r ool, it was a great treat to experience the rp hospitality suite of the new stadium. A brilliant late 80th birthday present! In April we took our son Richard and fa f mily to explore the Isle of Wi W ght, staying in a cottage within the Ve V ntnor Botanic Gardens. Our grandkids loved opening their curtains every r morn ry r ing rn to see Palm Tr T ees and exotic Fern r s - just like being back in Australia, where they lived fo rn f r t ree year th a s (but not as hot!). This is a very ar r special place to stay ry a an ay a d memb m ers should contact mb Chris Kidd, Curator, who can organise bookings. Another highlight was a tour of the newly opened Canary r Wharf Cross Rail Station Roof ry Garden, organised by the Chartered Institute of Horticulture - diff ffe ff ferent planting zones, some open to the elements and others enclosed - very r good horticultu ry t re. tu I had been involved with the Wharf since day one of the constru r ction programme - some ru 30 years ago! If any one wants to have a successfu f l landscap fu a e scheme over such a period ap - it is easy - the right budget, high quality design, good constru r ction and plant materials, ru carefu f l installation and long term maintenance. Not cheap fu a but worthwhile! ap Allen Paterson, a Kew fr f iend fo f r over 60 years, is a Tr Tru rustee of the Moat Brae House Tr Tru rust in Dumfr f ies and he invited Joan and me to a reception at the House of Lords, hosted by fr Joanna Lumley, y a Patron of the Tr y, Tru rust. The house was fo f rmerly owned by James Barrie, author of Peter Pan, but had been allowed to fa f ll into disrepair. Fortu t nately its plight was tu recognised by local residents, who raised fu f nds fo f r renovations and new buildings. When f lly restored, Moat Bray House will be a residential centr fu t e fo tr f r childr d en’s literatu dr t re stu tu t dies, tu Another invitation was to join Allen at a dinner at Brookes Club u , Mayfa ub f ir, fo fa f r the Garden Society. Its members own most of the UK’s large estates, renowned fo f r their gardens and parks. We W returned home aft f er midnight on the underground, in fu ft f ll evening dress, clutching large bunches of exotic plants - very r interesting fo ry f r the travelling pub u lic! ub Y t another invitation fr Ye f om the Patersons to attend a recital at the Bluther Piano Centre in Baker Street was most welcome and such a treat. Allen and Penelope are keen and generous sup u porters of Absolute Classics, an organisation which promotes music in ru up r ral communities in Dumfr f ieshire. fr Cultu t ral events included a visit to Stokenchurch Opera, (our picnic rath tu t er spoiled by str th t ong tr winds and torr r ential rain), th rr t e new Design Museum at th t e fo f rm r er Commonwealth t Institu th t te tu in Kensington, Ray and Charles Eames exhibition - modern r ist designers at the Barb rn r ican rb Centre, Monet and contemporaries interpretations of their own gardens at the Royal Academy. We W visited the modernist Lawn Road fl f ats in Hampstead, now beautifu f lly fu restored. This Isokon Building (1934) designed by We W lles Coates, is like a giant concrete ocean liner and was a hub u of left ub f wing bohemians, housing Wa ft W lter Gropius, Henry r Moore, ry Piet Mondrian, George Orwell and most of the Freud clan. It was also, in the 50s, the centre of a Ru R ssian spy ring, which operated undetected fo f r several years. I have been working fo f r the last three years as a landscap a e/horticultu ap t ral consultant on the tu new American Embassy in the Nine Elms district of London. A great priviledge - being the only non-American involved with the proj o ect, which has an inspired design and oj challenging and innovative methods of constru r ction. Due to strict security requirements I ru was only ab a le to visit the site on two occasions, which was very r fr ry fru rustrating fo f r someone who enj n oys hands-on experience! nj W have had to replace in our garden the railway-sleeper paved areas and Cedec gravel We path with granite slab a s and resin bonded gravel, aft ab f er 27 years of wear and tear. The work ft was carried out by the same craft f sman who did the original installation! We ft W also have to


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223 replace our ageing conservatory r and have fi ry f nally received planning consent fo f r a modern r rn glass stru r ctu ru t re, which we hope to have constru tu r cted this year. ru Son Richard and fa f mily invited us to join them fo f r a long weekend in Northumberland in a very r modern ry r eco-house near Amble. There was a Harry rn r Potter themed event at Cragside ry and Alnwick Castle where the grandchildren (and parents) learn r ed to fl rn f y on broomsticks! The castle gardens were disappointing - fu f ll of tourist attractions, some rather tatty - a contrast to the quality when we fi f rst visited them on Colin Hindmarch’s excellently organised Kew Guild event some years ago. Joan has retired as Secretary of our local Amenity Society aft f er 14 years service - not as hard to hand over as she thought - so we ft can now look fo f rward to a leisurely retirement, taking life f as it comes and enj fe n oying the nj company of fa f mily and fr f iends. Stewart Henchie (Course 8) - Pat and I had a number of really enj n oyab nj a le visits fr ab f om Leo Pemberton (1988) this year in Te T ignmouth. During his stay with us in March we showed him the sights of the surrounding town area and I took him to RHS Rosemoor which Leo and I had not visited fo f r a number of years. While enj n oying the delights of early spring nj f owering shru fl rub ru ubs in the grounds we bumped into Sarah Chesters (Course 24) responsible f r Horticultu fo t ral Edu tu d cation and Learn du r ing at Rosemoor. rn W also took the opportu We t nity of a short, guided tour by Martin Abrahams (Course 8) of tu interesting plantings in and around Exeter city including the extensive University campus and also plantings to commemorate the connections of the Ve V itch nursery r planted up ry u by the City in conj n unction with volunteers. Martin took us to see a large multi stemmed tree nj of Se S quoiade d ndr de dro dr ron gig i anteum originally planted nearb ig r y the fa rb f mily home of the Ve V itch nursery. It is now surrounded by a new housing estate but the tree has been saved and protected. In early April Glyn Sherratt (Course 40) now Head Gardener at Holker Estate, Cumbria and Annette Dalton (2010) National Tr Tru rust Gardens Advisor visited us on their way to visit gardens in Devon and Corn r wall. We rn W also caught up u with Penny Hammond (Course 22) and Sue Minter (1983) in June who live nearb r y and enj rb n oyed their wonderfu nj f l garden and fu lovely fo f od. Leo also stayed with us du d ring the Kew Guild trip to Devon which I organised fr f om 2325th June and again in early October. Amongst other places we visited Plant Wo W rld near Newton Abbot, a fo f ur acre landscap a ed garden attached to the nursery ap r with plantings of ry trees shru rub ru ubs and herb r aceous plantings. rb Pamela Holt (Course 9) managed to squeeze us into her busy schedu d le in mid-September du aft f er attending an arb ft r oricultu rb t ral confe tu f rence in nearb fe r y Exeter. So we showed her parts of rb Devon she didn’t kn k ow over the fe f w days she stayed with us. Pamela Holt (1971). Since retiring in 2013 aft f er six years as Arb ft r oricultu rb t ral Off tu ffi ff ficer at the London Borough of Barn r et, Pamela has continued with her love of mountains and rock rn climbing fr f om Morocco, Sicily, Madeira and Sweden to Kyrgyzstan where she photograp a hed many beau ap a tifu au f l alpine meadow plants. Her recent escort fu r ed tr rt t ip to China took in Shanghai, cru r ising on the Ya ru Y ngzi, the awe inspiring Te T rracotta Wa W rr r iors, Giant Pandas in Chengdu, the Great Wa W ll of China and the various Palaces in Beij i ing. A Parish ij Councillor, volunteer at RHS Wi W sley gardens library r and training as a fl ry f ower show judge, keep her occup u ied when not helping with the Alpine club up u buff ub ffe ff fet at their London lectu t res tu or sup u porting the charity Proj up o ect Peru oj r . ru David Howarth - Have you ever been to a place where your memories take you back?


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224 Seeing, fe f eling and hearing echoes of the past as if it were now? The last time I was here was over 40 years ago. I could see fe f llow stu t dents fr tu f om my year 1970-1973 still on those tiered seats. I recalled clearly advice I was given in that very r room, “Quid pro quo” and ry “Always make it easy fo f r somebody to say yes to you”, by Leo Pemberton. Th T e peop o le op and horticultural ski k lls ki l we learn as a Ke ls K w stude d nt are de r lif re ife if fe-ski k lls ki l. ls

©RBG Kew (School of Horticultu t re) tu

In 2015 I was back in the Jodrell lectu t re theatre as a Tr tu T ainer on the Civil Service Learn r ing rn programme, training staff f on Presentation Skills. How did I get there? As a stu ff t dent I was tu f rtu fo t nate to speak as a debater in two of the three annual debates with stu tu t dents fr tu f om RHS Gardens Wi W sley. How can I fo f rget my maiden Kew Mutu t al Improvement Society (KMIS) tu lectu t re – “The 3 C’s” – Contraception, Consump tu m tion and Conserv mp r ation” a polemic on how rv f st we were heading towards selffa f destru fr ction! ru Another opportu t nity fr tu f om which I learn r ed was being Assistant Secretary rn r to the KMIS. I ry remember sitting around a tab a le with other committee members asking what we will do ab aft f er Kew. Most of us said Parks Off ft ffi ff ficer with a local authority and one person said they will be the next TV gardener aft f er Percy Thrower. It’s practical to set realistic obj ft b ectives. bj An acronym I oft f en use in training and fo ft f r coaching are “Smart” obj b ectives:- Specifi bj f c, fi Measurab a le, Achievab ab a le, Realistic and Time related. ab Aft f er being a Horticultural Instructor at Gunnersbury Park, Hounslow under another ft Kewite (Roy Jones), I became a Park r s Area Manager in Redb rk d ridge and gained my Diploma db in Leisure and Amenity fr f om ILAM. Privatisation came along in th t e 1980s togeth t er with th t th th t e Amstr t ad PC an tr a d a Commu mun mu unications Model called NLP (Neuro Linguistic Programming). I fo f und myself leaving horticultu t re, tu re-training in new skills and becoming a fr f eelance trainer. This career transition has taken me all over the world working in numerous commercial companies and government departments meeting and working with fa f ntastic people. Looking at plants in their natu t ral tu environment is exciting and rewarding fr f om cacti in Texas to tree fe f rns in the Blue mountains of Australia. Times change and so do we. Many people lab a el profe ab f ssionally trained horticultu fe t ralists as tu Gardeners, older IT trainers as dinosaurs, matu t re soft tu f skills trainers as guru ft r s and media ru personalities as celebrities. What is your lab a el? ab Another key skill I learn r ed was “adap rn a tab ap a ility”. Plants readily adap ab a t to new environments. ap I am now Vi V ce President of Edu d cation to a speakers group du u called To up T astm t asters Intern tm r ational rn (TMI) with club u s all over the world helping people develop their speaking and confi ub f dence fi skills. Many TMI club u s are in Govern ub r ment and Commercial organisations. I am a member rn


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225 of the Kew Guild and a Friend of Kew, w fi w, f nding the gardens a great place to visit and relax. My latest ventu tur tu ure was taking a week off f early in Decemb ff m er 2017 at “The Hur mb u st” Shropshire ur on a Non-Fiction Wr W iters course, so watch this space and the book shelves, virtual or wooden! I fi f nished 2017 contracting with the NHS Blood Donor and Tr T ansplant Dept in Cambridge fa f cilitating their change to diff ffe ff ferent IT hardware and Soft f ware systems (If you ft are over 85 they don’t need your organs!) befo f re my wife fo f and I go fo fe f r our usual winter break in Spain. Jim Mitchell (1966) has spent considerab a le time in the UK this year attending a fu ab f neral, repatriating his son to London aft f er a serious skiing accident in the Alps, attending the ft Kew Dinner and the Guild AGM. The fu f neral was of his cousin who he fi f rst worked with at St Helens Parks and Cemeteries Department in 1959 and who had encouraged him to f rther his profe fu f ssional horticultu fe t ral stu tu t dies and therefo tu f re indebted to. The opportu fo t nity to tu attend the Dinner came aft f er a cru ft r ise on the Queen Vi ru V ctoria fr f om Sydney to Southampton to celebrate the 50th Anniversary r of a cru ry r ise fr ru f om Southamp m ton to Sydney when with wife mp f fe V lerie immigrated to Australia in 1967. He couldn’t resist attending the AGM to witness Va the inauguration as President of Jean Griff ffi ff fin a lass he fi f rst met in the ‘Tr T opical Decorative Tr Pits’ in 1963. My how they have changed not to mention the ‘Pits’. 2018 is also planned to be as eventfu f l with a To fu T ur of Gardens in India in Febru r ary ru ry, ry y, joining the Kew To T ur to the Scilly Isles, a cru r ise to the fj ru f ords, a visit to Chelsea FS and of course the Kew Dinner in May. Udai Pradhan - News fr f om the Himalayas. Dear fr f iends old and new, w warm greetings w, f r the New Ye fo Y ar fr f om Kalimpong! In life f ’s journey, some incidents may not hold fe signifi f cance momentarily, fi y but when the time comes fo y, f r it to spread its wings, we come across a whole arr r ay of persons, events and good things that make us reminisce and smile. rr One such incident is related to a ‘mutilated’ walking stick that travelled with me all the way fr f om England to Scotland and then arrived at my home in the Himalayas! So fo f r me it is no ordinary r stick and this is how the story ry r began! ry On April 1972, while I was still a voluntary student at Kew, I began getting interested in hitch hiking soj o ourn oj r s du rn d ring the weekends. The very fi f rst place that I wanted to visit was Haslemere. There was a nursery there of one Col. J.A. Mars who was interested in Himalayan plants. I took a train to Haslemere and stayed at the Ewhurst Green Yo Y uth Hostel. While hiking my way back almost 20 miles to the hostel, I came across a piece of fa f llen branch that was smooth and stu t rdy (I guessed tu it was a Beech branch) and decided that it would be a worthwhile article to retain fo f r my hitchhiking trips to Scotland and North England.

Udai with the mutilated walking stick

W th the advent of summer, I ap Wi a proached Mr. Leo Pemberton (my Principal/Supervisor in Kew) and put my plans fo f rth to him regarding the trip requesting him fo f r a fu f rlough, as I wanted to see and understand the U.K. better. In the beginning he was a bit taken aback but when he saw my keenness to travel and learn


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226 he info f rmed me that the leave would be sanctioned if I managed to get a written consent fo f om my Father/ fr r Guardian. The consent fi r/ f nally came through and I set fo f rth on my ventu t re tu on 27th of August 1972, the stick my only constant companion on this unknown yet exciting journey that took me 21 days to complete! The route that I fo f llowed was as f llows: London - Barnard Castle - Darlington - Newcastle Upon Ty fo T ne - Edinburgh Aberdeen (via Dundee and Forth Bridge) - Huntly - Elgin - Invern r ess - Grantown - Glen rn Aff ffr ff fric - Loch Garten - Fort Wi W lliam and Ben Nevis - Mallaig - Isle of Sky k e - Glasgow (via ky Glencoe and Rannoch Moors) - through Lake District - Manchester - Birmingham Stratfo f rd up fo u on Av A on - Cambridge - Huntingdon - London. The Botanical Gardens at Edinburgh was most impressive. The new glass houses were supported on tetrahedron stru r ctures, thus eliminating the use of supports inside, giving ru ample room fo f r planting, and landscap a ing. At Aberdeen, the “Granite City” of Scotland, I ap met Dr. G. Hadley to discuss the problems of germinating terrestrial orchid seed. He later showed me around the city and took me home fo f r a wonderfu f l dinner of curry fu r and rice! ry He of course had spent some time in Burm r a with his fa rm f mily and his wife f had learn fe r t eastern rn r rn cooking then. I carried good weather with me wherever I went, and I really loved the walk through the heart of the country r . I got short hitches up ry u to the town of Elgin, but fr f om then onwards I did not have to walk a single mile until I reached Fort Mallaig as I got a ride fr f om an elderly man just outside Elgin. Soon we got talking and he introduced himself as Alan Lockhart. He was quite impressed when I told him where I came fr f om and what I was doing. He kindly volunteered to show me something of Scotland, so that day quite unexpectedly, y I fo y, f und myself a guest of a man who was a complete stranger to me (and vice versa). He took me through the village of Cawdor well kn k own fo f r Castle Cawdor of Macbeth t , Battlegrounds of Culloden, burial grounds of Picts (1200-1500 B.C.), and fi th f nally we went to Loch Aff ffr ff fric, which brought back memories of home, hills, and the rivers we have in the Himalayas. By the time we left f Loch Aff ft ffr ff fric it was quite late so he off ffe ff fered me a room fo f r the night in his “home” which turned out to be a sprawling Scottish Manor by the River Spey in Grantown! He took me straight to his kitchen where he kindly off ffe ff fered me bread, omelette and tea and told me that he literally lived in his kitchen! Aft f er the simple sup ft u per he took up me to a large room with a dreary r painting of a war theme, which loomed over the large ry king sized bed. Befo f re saying goodnight, he told me he was a relative of Mary fo r Queen of ry Scots. He also particularly pointed to a painting of a beautifu f l lady whom he said he had fu been in love with but had unfo f rtunately died! By the time he left fo f the room I had chills ft r nning down my spine and I remember particularly bolting the door tight and looking ru f r an exit by the window if in case I had to make a getaway! I also made sure I kept my fo Scarp r a boots on and my walking stick and ru rp r cksack close at hand. I did not realise that I had actu t ally succumbed to a deep sleep sometime in the night. A loud noise that I thought tu was a kn k ock woke me up u - it was morn r ing and Alan had come to wake me up rn u with a nice warm cup u of tea that helped to warm my soul once again! The next day he drove me via up Loch Garten (Sanctu t ary tu r fo ry f r Ospreys), Fort Wi W lliam, Ben Nevis, Glenfi f nnan, down to Fort fi Mallaig where I bid my fr f iend goodb d ye. I was sup db u posed to catch a fe up f rr rry ry fr f om Fort Mallaig to the Isle of Sky k e which I unfo ky f rtu fo t nately missed by fe tu f w minutes and so spent a night at the Garramore Yo Y uth Hostel. I toured the Isle of Sky k e fr ky f om Armadale right up u to Portree in the north and Elgoll in the southwest, Ky K leakin in the east. I enj n oyed the fa nj f scinating view of the Cuillins fr f om Elgol, where incidentally, y mountaineers are trained to scale peaks like the Everest! I cycled all y, three days I spent in Skye. “I must return to Skye one day”....that’s the only way I can express my fe f elings fo f r that exqu q isite, weather-beaten island of the We qu W st Hebrides! (*I got


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227 the opportunity to return to Isle of Skye with my fa f mily in 2008. Refe f r to Kew Guild fe Journ r al, vol.15, no.113, pg 334). rn My retu t rn tu r was through Glencoe, Rannoch Moor, Glasgow where I spent a night and saw the Botanical Gardens. From Glasgow I threaded through the Lake District, Manchester, Birm r ingham down to Str rm t atfo tr f rd-up fo u on-Av up A on. It was 12.30 at night when I reached Str Av t atfo tr f rdfo u on-Av up A on, and since all places fo Av f r lodging were shut, I fe f lt helpless. I walked around fo f r a while and I thought a park bench would be a nice place to rest fo f r the night. I put my r cksack on it and was just ab ru a out to fa f ll asleep when I heard a loud whistle and someone shouting at me. Looking up, I saw a policeman who told me I was not supposed to be sleeping at close proximity of the asylum. When I related to him my story ry, ry y, he told me to f llow him to the police station. Feeling a tad nervous I went along with him not kn fo k owing what was in store fo f r me. Consequently, y I fo y, f und myself being off ffe ff fered a bed in a prison cell! When one is so fa f tigued that the fe f et refu f se to move any fu fu f rther, even a prison bed looks very r inviting! So I accepted the off ry ffe ff fer with much gratitu t de. The police off tu ffi ff ficer sent me away the next morning with a nice cup u of tea! I spent two wonderfu up f l nights in this fu lovely little Shakespearian To T wn where I visited Anne Hathaway’s Cottage and also saw a magnifi f cent play at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre…’Anthony and Cleopatra’! From fi Stratfo f rd-up fo u on-Av up A on I went to Cambridge where I spend three nights with Dr. and Mrs. Av T.A. Russell. Dr. Russell was my profe f ssor when I was doing my graduation at the fe Allahab a ad Agricultu ab t re Institu tu t te, India. He took me to visit the University Botanic Gardens tu and the Colleges in Cambridge. I spent the last week of my holiday in Houghton Mill Yo Y uth Hostel on a Conservation Holiday organised by the Yo Y uth Hostel Association Adventu t re Holidays. I met 11 other tu stu t dents with tu t whom I had wonderfu th f l interaction! We fu W spent th t e time visiting natu tur tu ure reserv r es, rv conservation areas of British fl f ora and fa f una, boating and swimming in the River Ouse, which ran just below the Yo Y uth Hostel (Mill itself was built in 937 A.D.). I was much impressed by the amount of eff ffo ff fort that had been put into the stu t dying and conservation of tu the native fl f ora and fa f una and also to conserve them fo f r their posterity. We W also made several visits to Monks Wo W od Experimental Station where I spent most of my time observing the techniques of studying fl f ora and fa f una, their mapping by computer, and receiving explanations on many other related things, like the International Biological Programmes, their fu f nctions, etc. I made some good contacts there and gained ample knowledge and ideas that could be Atsushi and Kazuko Kuyama in Phalut nearr implemented in our own localities. By the time we said goodbye, my new fr f iends knew Darj r eeling Himalayas rj something ab a out orchids too. In fa f ct in the end they voted to ban the word ‘orchid’ and anyone saying the word on the last day was fi f ned ten pence! It was sheer fu f n! And the Wa W lking Stick? It remained a constant companion and an observer throughout the hitch-hiking trips. I map a ped my entire journ ap r ey rn on it and it had also been autograp a hed up ap u on by many souls that I had met du d ring the travel! It was a priceless relic fo f r me and I wanted to carry it back to India when I completed my course at Kew but this was not to be so as they did not allow any sticks to be carr r ied onboard rr the fl f ights! But as luck would have it, my very r ry good fr f iend Atsushi Ku K yama, a stu t dent of Kew tu f om Jap fr a an and Kazuko his wife ap f , had decided fe


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228 to travel fr f om England to the Himalayas in a their camping car in 1973 and pay us a visit too. So I requested Atsushi to carry r the precious stick fo ry f r me to which he readily agreed. When my fr f iends fi f nally arr r ived in th rr t e Himalayas and presented th t e stick, I was devastated to see that it had been broken into pieces! Atsushi ap a ologetically explained to me that on his long drive fr f om England through the Hindu Ku K sh Mountains some miscreants had attacked them and it was this very r stick that had come to good use and had saved their ry lives! While attemp m ting to hit the off mp ffe ff fenders, the stick had broken into three pieces of which two pieces had come back to me and the third one had been ‘left f behind’ somewhere in ft the Hindu d Ku du K sh region! Ye Y s, the two pieces are still with us even today aft f er 44 years - a ft tele-transport that brings me very fo f nd memories of Kew and all the wonderfu f l people fu whom I had met and befr f iended along the way. fr Atsushi is now 70 years old and is the Director at the Saku k ya Kn ku K onohana Kan Botanical Gar a dens in Osaka an ar a d Kazuko teaches English fo f r adu d lts in Jap du a an ap a . They wrote to me say a ing ay that they still have very r fo ry f nd memories of Kew and Sikkim and that the experiences they got du d ring those years were invaluab a le! ab In early Febru r ary ru r 2017, we (Te ry Tej Te ej, Hemlata, Chris and myself) f were in Southern f) r India and rn we decided to pay a visit to the renowned Guru r ku ru k la Botanical Sanctu t ary tu r located in Kerala. ry It had been a dream that I had been nurturing ever since I had fi f rst heard about it. The story r of Guru ry r ku ru k la Botanical Sanctu t ary tu r began with the discovery ry r of a single plant of an ry epiphytic orchid, Aride des de es cris isp is spa growing on a rott t ing piece of bran tt a ch th an t at had been collected f r fi fo f rewood by Dr. Wo W lfg f ang Therkauf. fg f It was amazing to fi f. f nd out that he had actu t ally tu come to India fr f om Germany to learn r ab rn a out spiritu t ality. He decided to settle down in India tu in the late 70s as a disciple of Nataraj a a Guru aj r , the successor of the great spiritu ru t al leader tu Sree Narayana Guru r . In the 1980s, the Guru ru r gift ru f ed Wo ft W lfg f ang with 55 acres of land in the fg f rested area at Alattil, near the Periyar Wi fo W ldlife f Sanctu fe t ary tu ry, ry y, where he was sup u posed to set up up an “ashram” and W th Graham and Suma at the Guru r ku ru k la Botanical begin practicing and Wi t ary tu r ry teaching spirituality. Sanctu But with the discovery r ry of this bizarre, waxy and strange looking plant clinging with all its might on to the rotten branch, his curiosity got the better of him and he began spending much time on research until he f und out that this tiny fo plant was an orchid! Thus began a journey that was fi f lled with exploration, discovery ry, ry y, adventure, magic, edu d cation and fu du f n, which he later wanted to share with the world at large! As more people joined hands to help him in his ventu t re, they were successfu tu f l in estab fu a lishing a botanical ab garden and institu t te th tu t at today boasts more th t an 400 species of orchids and nu n merous oth t er th plants. Wo W lfg f ang Theuerkauf later corresponded with me showing keen interest in fg obtaining orchids fr f om my collection as well, to which I happily obliged. The botanist was known fo f r his works related to rainfo f rest restoration activities, especially in the fo Mukku k ru ku r ti fo f rest in Karn r ataka. rn


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229 W called up We u the Guru r ku ru k la Botanical Sanctu t ary tu r to set an ap ry a pointment to visit the garden and Sup u rova, the person in charge kindly provided us with the directions and necessary up r ry details. As we drove fr f om Orel (a local town where our hotel was located), we passed through many small villages, tea and coff ffe ff fee plantations befo f re we reached Periyar, the fo place where the Sanctu t ary tu r was located. (Periyar is well kn ry k own fo f r its National Park which is a home to tigers and a signifi f cant elephant population, as well as rare lion-tailed fi macaques, sambar deer, leopards and Indian bison.) Crossing the Wi W ldlife f Sanctu fe t ary tu r itself ry was quite a happy experience where we came across many fo f rms of wildlife f roaming fe f eely in th fr t eir natu t ral hab tu a itats. Aft ab f er tr ft t avelling fo f r ab a out 30 km k , we fo f und an ‘insignifi f cant’ fi signpost with directions to the Guru r ku ru k la Botanical Sanctu t ary tu r . Following this, we crossed ry a temporary r bridge that gave way to a du ry d st path and once again the greenery r and canopy ry began to thicken until fi f nally we reached our destination. As we alighted fr f om the car and made our way towards the entrance, we were greeted by beautifu f l relief works with the theme of Monstera leaves etc. on the sidewalls. We fu W also observed that the garden had been natu t rally landscap tu a ed with Anthurium varieties, fe ap f rn r s and selaginellas - the diff ffe ff ferent shades of greens bringing a fe f eling of fr f eshness and rej e uvenation to us. A little fu ej f rther on were stone steps strewn with fl f aming red and yellow f owers of Amhers fl r tia nobilis. Our eyes immediately travelled upwards, towards the rs direction fr f om where the fl f owers could have fa f llen and there, standing tall and beautifu f l fu was a magnifi f cent specimen of the Pride of Burma, fl fi f owering profu f sely! What a fu heartwarming experience this was fo f r all of us! Midway, y Suma, one of the older members of the garden team, welcomed us and took us y, immediately to their newly made kitchen fo f r a warm cup u of tea, homemade cookies and up some garden fr f esh bananas. As we were climbing up u the steps towards the kitchen, we noticed a simple and well planned stru r ctu ru t re that blended very tu r well with the environment ry and Suma info f rmed us that it was accommodation to host fe fo f llow stu t dents who visited the tu garden and could house up u to 30 people at a time. While having tea a little while later, Mrs. Leela Theuerkauf, f Wo f, W lfg f ang’s better half came to meet us. She was a petite and fg simp m le lady mp d with dy t a gentle demeanor whom every th r one in th ry t e garden looked up u to as a moth t er th f gure. We fi W were also introdu d ced to Mr. Graham Doctor, a very du r close fr ry f iend of Wo W lfg f ang fg ever since his initiation into spirituality. It was he who later related to us stories and anecdotes of how the garden began. Aft f er refr ft f eshment, Graham and Suma took us around the well-maintained garden. What a fr spectacular sight it was to see the numerous varieties of Orchids like the Pap a hiopedilums, ap Phalaenopsis, Cymbidiums, Dendrobiums, Calanthes etc. thriving so well! To T my sheer delight, Orchids like Sirh r ooke rh k ra - a genus honouring Sir Joseph Hooker was in bud and ke the exotic Phragm g ep gm e edium sede d nii too was in fu de f ll bloom! There were also many varieties of insectivorous plants, anthuriums, impatiens (of note was Im Imp mpatiens hooke k riana in ke bloom), fe f rns, begonias and many other unfa f miliar varieties that complimented every fa nook- and- corn r er of the garden. Suma with her 23 years of experience in the garden was rn well versed and kn k owledgeab a le ab ab a out most of the plants that they grew there and she was very r hap ry a py to share this with us most generously! As we walked on she pointed out some ap healthy plants of Cy C mbidium bicolour and to our great surp r rise, info rp f rmed us that these fo plants had travelled all the way fr f om our plant nursery r in Kalimpong! What a treat and ry honour fo f r us that was! The Late Wo W lfg f ang Theuerkauf dedicated over 30 years of his life fg f to the conservation of fe plants of southern r India. He helped nurtu rn t re hundreds of thousands of plants endemic to tu the We W stern r Ghats without any extern rn r al sup rn u port. He was very up r passionate ab ry a out sharing his experiences and kn k owledge with every r one, be it a young stu ry t dent or a layman. Until a fe tu f w years back there was a constant exchange of letters between us ab a out Orchids. In 2009 I


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230 was doing a research on a jewel orchid, Aenhenry r a ro ry r tundif ifo if folia, which was endemic to South India (Kerala and Ta T mil Nadu d ). This was fo du f r an article that I wanted to write fo f r The Orchid Review (Vo V l.117, No.128, pg 208-213). Wo Vo W lfg f ang had made excellent fg observations of the orchid in its natu t ral hab tu a itat and he was ab ab a le to provide me with the necessary r answers to my query ry r ! To ry T day, y his dreams, visions and spirit live on through the y, Guru r ku ru k la Botanical Sanctu t ary tu r and its wonderfu ry f l garden team! fu Back home in the Hills, there was a sudden call fo f r an indefi f nite strike fo fi f r Gorkhaland f om the 14th of June 2017 that lasted fo fr f r 104 days! Life f came to a complete standstill fe with all the schools, colleges, other institutes, shops and government off ffi ff fices being comp m letely shut down including a total ban of th mp t e intern r et. But all th rn t rough th t is period th t ere was also a strong will amongst the local people to spread hope and positivity and to help each other and the community get through this dark phase. So we experienced something that we had never experienced befo f re! Farmers and butchers fr fo f om very r remote villages ry began to hitchhike and sell fr f esh produ d cts. Many people even began to grow their own du vegetab a les and fo ab f od crops. Fields that had lain barren fo f r many years began to come alive once again. Te T achers and senior college going stu t dents joined hands to begin classes in tu non-political spaces like the temples, mosques, monasteries, gardens and parks in their own villages which meant that the young school going stu t dents could continue with their tu edu d cation. Hemlata had to shut down the Art school du du d ring the period too but encouraged by what she saw and experienced she took the initiative to carry on with art classes in her own home. Some of th t e stu t dents attended tu almost every day, which gave them an opportu t nity to take their creativity and their tu strength in tackling botanical sub ubj ub bjects to the next level. They also got the opportunity to make close stu t dies of hab tu a itats of the sub ab ubj ub bjects that they were painting and could thus incorp r orate these stu rp t dies in their paintings. tu During this period, my wife f Tej fe e and I also ej wanted to spend some time with t Hemlata and th Hemlata’s stu t dent working on a painting of tu her students, imparting our knowledge and Aride d s multif de ifl if flora experiences in whatever way we could. So we ended up u having a lot of fu f n gardening and going fo f r short botanical treks around our land looking out fo f r orchids and other plants in bloom in its natu t ral hab tu a itats. We ab W sighted a sizable specimen of Pap a ilionanthe tere ap r s with large pink-purp re r le blooms on one of the rp teak trees along with scarlet red blooms of Renanth t era imschootiana on the neighbouring th trees. I took this opportunity to show them selff pollination of fRenanthera and Pap a ilionathe. I ap demonstrated the techniques to them aft f er which they were ft motivated to try by themselves. They fo f und it enthralling that a toothpick could actu t ally do the job tu of a bee! What they thought was ‘easy’ in the beginning qu q ickly gave way to ‘this is more diff ffi ff ficult than we thought’ and aft f er dropping ft pollens with nervous and shaky hands they fi f nally got the process Udai instru r cting the HTNHA sponsored children on ru right! Over the next fe f w months selff pollination of Renanth ft era imschootiana th


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231 their homework was to observe the development of the embryo and document them in their diaries. Consequently, y they also learn y, r ed cross-pollination. rn On 12 December 2017, we lost a very dear fa f mily fr f iend who was an excellent plant breeder and hort r icultu rt t rist. Born tu r in Kark rn r al in S. India, he initially went to the Pan American rk Seed Co., U.S.A. where his career as a plant breeder began. My late fa f ther, Mr. Badri N. Pradhan and Dr. Manmohan met fr f equently, y either in Kalimpong or in Bangalore and kept y, encouraging each other in their plant ventu t res. In 1965 he retu tu t rn tu r ed fr f om the U.S.A. and singly fo f unded the Indo American Hybrid Seeds (IAHS) in Bangalore that become the top notch fi f rm. It dominates the scientifi f c plant breeding and horticultu fi t re scene even today. tu His scientifi f c breeding techniques brought excellent fl fi f owers, vegetab a le, pulses and grains ab and has been revered by the fl f oricultu t rist, horticultu tu t rist and the fa tu f rmers. Dr. Attavar was nominated as an expert on the board of several National and Intern r ational rn organisations including the Scientifi f c Advisory Committee-Ministry of Commerce; fi Federation of International Seedsmen-Switzerland; Board of Directors - National Horticultu t re Board, etc. fo tu f r his rich contribution to the horticultu t ral fa tu f rming community. He was also a winner of many laurels, among which are - Eminent Horticultu t rist Aw tu A ard by the Horticultu t ral Society of India, Export Aw tu A ard fo f r 1991 and 1992-93 and the Padma Shri, India’s fo f urth highest civilian award. When Te Tej ej and I met him last year in Febru r ary ru ry, ry y, he welcomed us over a hot cup u of tea aft up f er which we were given a tour of his produ ft d ction du centres of tissue cultu t red plantlets, the seed testing unit and his vegetab tu a le, fl ab f ower, cotton and rice seed storage fa f cilities. He later took us to his private garden where we drove through a long avenue of Roy oys oy ystonea and Are r ca that led to a beautifu re f lly landscap fu a ed area ap where his house stood. Aft f er taking us to see his fa ft f vourite Orchid and succulent collections, we had a tasty meal. The meal consisted of red Amaranthus vegetable, two types of local fi f sh, chicken curry ry, ry y, fr f ied rice, nimboo (lemon) achar and curd at his residence. He then took us to the village where he wanted to show us his Bougainvillea collection – what a marvellous sight it was! He also showed us the vegetable seed production fa f rm where 147 varieties of some 24 diff ffe ff ferent crops W th the Late Dr. Manmohan Attavar Wi were being grown fo f r seeds. We W also admired the roses developed by Dr. Vi V shnu Swarup. During Dr. Swarup’s and Dr. Manmohan’s visit to Kalimpong to see our Orchid nursery, I had expressed my admiration fo f r Indo-American Hybrid Seeds to which Dr. Manmohan had responded: “Small is beautifu f l!” By the fu time we said our goodbyes to Dr. Manmohan, it was 5:30 pm. It was a day well spent with a great and humble person who loved sharing and encouraging every r one around him. Wi ry W th his skillfu f l management, more than fu Dr. Manmohan Attava’s Bougainvillea garden 2000 people ar a e emp m loyed in his mp


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232 nine regional centres today! The fi f rst setu tup tu up we saw of 40 acres was beautifu f lly landscap fu a ed ap with the rocky hills in the backdrop. His daughter Reshma, his son Santosh and his colleagues are currently looking aft f er IAHS. ft On 11th May 2017 more of our Orchid hybrids were registered with the Royal Horticultu t ral Society. They were as fo tu f llows: NAME

Phalaenop o sis op i is Memoria Doctor Debasmita Prasanti’s Sarat Saniya Diba Salim

P RENTA PA T GE TA

REGISTERED BY

Phal. Vi V bhuti Sri x Phal. Robert Bauman U.C.Pradhan Phal. mannii x Phal. Ta T isuco Glory r ry U.C.Pradhan Phal. mannii x Phal. Snow Champion U.C.Pradhan

During the New Ye Y ar we received a lovely mail fr f om the Hooker fa f mily Lucy and Diana u dating us ab up a out the grand celebrations in Kew Gardens. Quoting Lucy and fa f mily: Phalaenop o sis op i Memoria Doctor Debasmita, Phalaenop is o sis op i Prasanti’s Sarat, and Phalaenop is o sis op i Saniya Diba Salim is

“We W did inde We d ed have a wonde de d rf de rfu ful weeke k nd of ke o celebrations at Ke K w th t is i summer. r I have attached a fe r. f w photos fo f r you. And yes, we were r lucky re k to have met Sa ky S ilesh who gave us an intere r sting talk re l about Sikk lk kki kk kim. Lovely l to see ly ref re efe fere r nces to some of o th t e places we kn k ew. w In w. I th t e main photo of o Sa S ilesh here r he is re i picture r d in th re t e Ma M rianne No N rth t th Gallery ry, ry y, (w ( here r my re m bro r th ro t er, r Ti r, T m, als l o gave a talk ls lk) lk k) seated with t my th m Aunt Me Meg eg who, as his i gr is g andd da dd ugh g ter, gh r is r, i th t e old lde ld dest re r lative of o Si S r Jo J sep e h. (S ep (Sh She is i 97 now but 96 in th t is i photo) o . Mu o) M ch fu f ss was made d of de o her as you can imagine. M bro My r th ro t er Ti T m is i in th t e midd ddl dd dle of o Ja J cks k on and Fi ks F nn with t Diana and my th mys yself l eith lf t er side th d . Barnaby de b unf by nfo nf fortunately l ly could l not make ld k th ke t e weeke k nd as he was play ke a ing with ay t his th i band. is d Gord d. rdo rd don came along but managed to avoid all of o t e Ho th H oke k r fa ke f mily l photos. Below is ly i a photo of o th t e actor hire r d to play re a Sir Jo ay J sep e h fo ep f r th t e weeke k nd. ke d He d. H re r ad fr fro rom Sir Jo J sep e h’s diaries and generally ep l wande ly d re de r d aro r und answering questions. Aunt Me ro Meg eg gave him quite a hard r time rd quiz izz iz zzing him on fa f mily l his ly i tory is r !” ry

Back in India, Sir Joseph Hooker’s 200th year was celebrated and honoured by the Botanical Survey of India by inaugurating a permanent display of Sir Hooker’s works at the BSI Gallery r in the Indian Museum, Kolkata. ry Refl f ecting back on my journey, I realize how deeply everything connects and fl interconnects, be it the fa f mily that I was born r and raised in, my deep interest in Orchids rn and other plants, the travels and all the souls that I met and interacted with, fr f om diff ffe ff ferent parts of the world, kindling fr f iendship, sharing kn k owledge and experiences along the way. Enthusiasm and responsibility being the key wherever the journ r ey took me. As we step rn into the New Ye Y ar we convey our good wishes and warmest regards to one and all and we hope that this connection will fo f rever grow. Anna Saltmarsh - Aft f er leaving Kew in 2014 I worked fo ft f r two years as a Proj o ects oj Coordinator in the ‘Europe Conservation Programme’ (now ‘We W tlands and Estu We t aries’) of tu the Conservation Programmes department at ZSL (Zoological Society of London). This year we decided to move out of London to my home town of Bury r St Edmunds in Suff ry ffo ff folk,


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233 and the children (Harry ry, ry y, 10 and Hebe, 9) started their new schools in September. I am not currently working but am increasingly involved with the Suff ffo ff folk Wildlife f Trust in a fe voluntary r cap ry a acity and am aiming to use this opportu ap t nity to bru tu r sh up ru u on my ID skills fo f r the UK fl f ora. V lentine Ty Va T nan - Hap a py New Ye ap Y ar to one and to all fr f om the We W st of Ireland. I became a member of the Irish Society of Botanical Artists this time last year and within weeks of joining committed to exhibiting on the 18th of May 2018. It gives me such delight to share this with you. The drawing I handed in last November to be judged in Febru r ary ru r . Leo, Mr ry P critiqued them in September 1981. Wa P. W tercolour drawings were requested so my pen and ink drawings may not be selected fo f r exhibition, however, our grap a hic designer Jane ap Stark assured me they could use them as promotional fo f r the day. I have just recently realised I had reached The Kew Standard befo f re the exams. I’m in a sublime state of fo hap a piness. Thank you fo ap f r moral sup u port and companionship. up Richard Wa W rd (1963) writes - I took over fr f om ‘Mac’ MacDonald as MC fo f r the Guild Annual Dinner in 1974 and, ap a art fr f om a fe f w ab a sences ab a road, continued up u to this year. Good luck to To T ny Overland who has volunteered to do the job in 2018. I was tru r ly sorry ru r ry to miss the AGM, but couldn’t pass up u the off ffe ff fer of a fo f urth hip replacement op. in that very r week! I continue to attend Guild Committee meetings, as selfry f ap fa pointed Advisory r ry Editor! It’s great to meet generations of Kewites and marvel at all the wonderfu f l things fu they achieve. John (Log) Whitehead - Tr T avelling fo f r Tr T ees. Between my early days at Kew in 1969 and the year 2016, I completed my ambitious plant explorations to all 196 United Nation countries of the world plus a fu f rther 36 dependent territories and the lesser known, such as Ingushetia, Nagorno Karabakh and fa f r away Tristan da Cunha. This tends to install a botanical twitcher mode in a person and a Guinness Book of Records fr f ame of mind. But all photographs and documents fr f om my early adventu t res were unfo tu f rtu fo t nately lost in 1978 tu in a fi f re, which destroyed the Mansion House at Merr r ist Wo rr W od College in Surr r ey, rr y where I was a y, warden and a lecturer in arboriculture fo f r 25 years. In 2017, my travel plans were now r doub ry u le coconutt ub f cused on replacing the loss of photographic Brenda March holding a huge dry fo (the largest and when f fr esh is the heaviest seed in records fr f om befo f re 1978 and I began to revisit fo t e world) in th t e Va V llee de Mai, a UN U ESCO Wo W rldd the early countries previously explored. To T p of th Heritage Site on Praslin Island, Seychelles the list was the Seychelles, the location of my Thorn r ton-Smith rn t Tr th T avel Scholarship, awarded to me at Kew Jellyfish tree seedhead in 1972. Sey Se eychelles re r visited. It was a memorable return to the Seychelles in 2017 with my partner Brenda March visiting Praslin Island, to see the amazing palm jungle, dominated by tall dioecious palms with gigantic leaves of the endemic doub u le coconut (L ub ( odo d icea mald do l ivica), fa ld f mous fo f r having the largest and heaviest seed in the world. The main large islands of the Seychelles are the only mid oceanic granite


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234 The ascent of Bern r ica mountain rn

rock islan a ds in th an t e world (not volcan a ic an or coral islands) resulting in a remarkab a le fl ab f ora and fa f una.

Our expedition on the main island of Mahe to Bernica mountain in search of the rare endemic jellyfi f sh tree fi (Me (M Medu d sagy g ne op gy opp ppositif ifo if folia) was led by a local conservationist and botan a ical guide, Lindsay an a Chong Seng. ay He specialises in monitoring the gradual increase of the jellyfi f sh tree fi population. They have been fo f und in previously unknown locations, in virtu t ally inaccessible areas of vertical tu granitic cliff ffs ff fs and a fe f w hidden trees occur among some of the exposed boulder strewn mountaintops. The tree is named aft f er the curiously ft shaped dry seed head’s resemblance to a jellyfi f sh and befo fi f re 1970 it was fo thought to be extinct. During a month’s study on the Seychelles in 1973, I was able to photograph a group u of jellyfi up f sh trees, which at the fi time, was one of the rarest trees in the world. My pictu t re, along with tu t an image of th th t e Seychelles tr t ee fe f rn r (Cy C ath Cy t ea sey th e chella ey l rum) la was pub u lished in Nigel Hepper’s book, Plant Hunting fo ub f r Kew (1989). Fro Fr rom Ir I an to th t e end of o th t e world ld. ld d. During Easter in 1978, aft f er visiting China at peach ft blossoming time, I was travelling back via Iran, when my visit was cut short because of political troub u les in Te ub T hran. I revisited Iran again in 2017 in pursuit of th t e iconic au a tu t mn colouring Persian Ironwood (P ( arro r tia pers ro r ica). An email contact rs f om John Simmons provided info fr f rmation on a fo good location near Abbasab a ad fo ab f r fi f nding huge tall specimens of Parro r tia trees fo ro f und in the wild. John was the Curator of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and had explored northern Iran, to collect seed du d ring his Kew expedition with Hans Fliegner in 1977. In central Iran, we also visited the mighty Cup Cu upre r ssus semp m ervire mp r ns at Abarku re k h, one of the ku oldest trees in the world and shared a discussion a out the tree’s condition with the conservation ab staff f who guard it 24 hours a day including ff CCTV monitoring. The main problem we fo f und with the tree which is growing in a very dry climate, was a moderate infe f station with fe characteristic white webbing of the conife f r fe spinning spider mite on the outermost fo f liage. Arboreal advice included - alternative tree

Lindsay Chong-Seng next to the jellyfish tree and climbing on the distinctive shaggy barked trunk is the endemic vanilla orchid Vanilla phalaenopsis.


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John Whitehead measuring a big Parrotia tree near Abbasab a ad ab

surgery r limb bracing, the control ry of pest and disease problems, regular fo f liage sprays at night to reduce spider mite attack, irrigation fr f equency, review changes in soil level, organic soil improvement, cultivating legume herbs and combating soil comp m action by growing attractive mp annual fl f owers as an ornamental f ature, under and around the fe crown spread of the tree. A scanned copy of Dr Glynn Percival’s pests and diseases article on ‘The browning of Leylandii hedges’, published in The ARB Magazine issue 179 Winter 2017, sent to the Iranian staff f by email may ff off ffe ff fer helpfu f l info fu f rmation fo towards conserving the f mous tourist tree, a fa nationally important Natu t ral Monument of Iran. tu

In a busy year, we also met up with Barry Phillips, k own fo kn f r his conservation work in the 1980s fo f r saving the endemic juniper tree in Bermuda, and an ex Merrist Wo W od College man Mike Nelhams, the John Whitehead with an ancient windb d lown Canary db r Island juniper on ry Director of Tresco Abbey El Hierro, the most westerly island of the Canary r Islands. ry Garden, on the Isles of Scilly. We W spent a day botanising in their impressive collection of plants fr f om all over the world in a garden which has a microclimate suitab a le fo ab f r sub u tropical plants – it is oft ub f en called Kew without ft glass. The star plant in fl f ower was Dendr dro dr roseris litoralis an unusual small pachycaul composite tree, which Brenda and I saw in the wild du d ring our visit to Robinson Cru r soe ru island (Jan Fern r andez) in 1999. On the island fa rn f r out in the Pacifi f c Ocean, it was a surp fi r rise rp f r us to see the yellow fl fo f owers of Dendr dro dr roseris i being pollinated by the very is r small endemic ry humming bird, the Jan Fern r andez Island Firecrown (Se rn Sep Se ephanoide d s fe de f rnande d nsis de i ). is Another highlight in 2017 was a new adventu t re to the End of the Wo tu W rld. When the Earth was th t ought to be fl f at, th t e Canary r Islands were th ry t e place fu f rt rth thest west kn k own to Europeans where the small island of El Hierro, at that time, was thought to have the ‘last trees in the world’. The survivors today are the fa f scinating orb r icular windb rb d lown ancient specimens db of Canary r Island juniper trees. ry


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Obituaries T evor Jack Cole Tr 1934 - 2017

T evor passed away peacefu Tr f lly aged 83 on New Ye fu Y ars Eve with his wife f Brenda by his fe side. He entered Kew in 1959 and there met Brenda. They left f in 1960 and were married ft at St. Gile’s Church , Scarthoe in Grimsby in October. Then a maj a or step as in 1967 they aj moved to Ottawa, the cap a ital of Canada. ap He was Curator of the Dominion Arb r oretu rb t m, Ottawa there until his retirement in 1995. tu He was recognised intern r ationally fo rn f r his work in horticultu t re and garden writing. He was tu t e au th a th t or of th t e best-selling book The Ontario Gardener and edited many gardening books f r publishers, including Reader’s Digest and Dorling Kindersley. So, lots of skills but fo also an ab a ility to communicate eff ffe ff fectively. He took up u singing and was part of The Amprior Community Choir and led The Sounds of Music choru r s at The Kanata Senior Centre. He was active in linking Kewites in USA ru and visited Kew periodically. Brian Pitcher, who was at Kew at the same time as Tr T evor visited Tr T evor and Brenda in Ottawa with his wife f and we are thankfu fe f l to him fo fu f r the links to the Obitu t ary tu r in the Ottawa Citizen. ry Much loved fa f ther of Gavin (Dominique) and Andrea (Tr T evor), grandfa Tr f ther of Michael fa (Claude) and brother of Malvary and Jaquie and dear husband of Brenda. We W send our condolences to all.

George Crowder 1926 - 2017

Father and horticultu t ral inspiration George Crowder (1953) died in 2017 at the age of 91. tu He was himself the son of a gardener and aft f er National Service and a period working in ft Southport Parks he took the Kew Diploma fo f llowed by the Diploma in Parks Administration at ‘the Grotto’. He was technical assistant at Ealing fo f r a fe f w years befo f re fo moving to Wa W rrington where he spent the rest of his working life f . First as Deputy, fe y then y, Parks Superintendent and fi f nally Deputy Chief Recreation Off ffi ff ficer as the busy and extensive department was re-modeled and enlarged through time. He enj n oyed a long and varied retirement back in Southport, having a keen eye and a lively, nj y y, intelligent interest in many sub ubj ub bjects. He had seemingly endless energy, y re-engaging with y, the more practical aspects of horticultu t re du tu d ring this time, and the cultivation of orchids and alpines in particular. His time at Kew had a lasting infl f uence on his life fl f and he was a Guild member fo fe f r over 60 years until his eyesight deteriorated to the extent that he could no longer read the Journal. He leaves three sons and fo f ur grandchildren, his son Chris in particular continuing that generation spanning horticultu t ral journ tu r ey. Obituary rn r ki ry k ndl dly dl ly pro r vide ro d d de b Ch by C ris i Cr is Cro rowde d r. de r - Ed Ed. d.

M fi My f rs r t encounter with Georg r e was at my rg m interview fo f r the post of o Dep e uty ep t ty Park rks rk ks and Ce C meteries Su Sup uperintende d nt at Wa de W rrington Boro r ugh ro g Co gh C uncil in 1972 7 . 72 N edless to say Ne ay, ay y, I was somewhat nervous but settled into the interview with r lative ease, thanks re k larg ks r ely rg l to my ly m being put at ease by b Georg r e’s fr rg f iendly ly, ly y, charming and very r pers ry r onable nature rs r . Ha re H ving secure r d the post my re m nex e t task ex


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was to work r with rk t Georg th r e to ensure rg r th re t at my m fa f mily l ’s new home with ly t in Wa th W lton Ha H ll Gard rde rd dens was transf sfo sf formed to our liki k ng. So ki S on af aft fter taki k ng up ki u my m post my m fa f mily l and I were ly r invited into Georg re r e’s home to meet his rg i de is d lig igh ig ghtf tfu ful wif ife if fe Eileen and th t eir th t re r e boy oys oy ys, one of o whom (C (Ch Chris is) is s) was eventually l to become a stude ly d nt at Ke de K w and th t en to t e post of th o head Gard rde rd dener at Levens Ha H ll in Cu C mbria. Mu M nicip i al Ho ip H rticulture r was on th re t e verg r e of rg o a re r volution in both t sty th t le and content. Ju ty J st tw t o years r bef rs efo ef fore r th t e re r org r anis rg i ation of is o local government; t th t; t e enormity t of ty o th t e task ahead was both t challenging and ex th e citing and at times not a little str tre tr ressf sfu sf ful. In I Wa W rrington th t ere r was an add re ddi dd ditional challenge. Th T e Ne N w To T wn Develop o ment Co op C rp r oration had de d velop o ed vast are op r as of re o new housing and was als lo ls r sp re s onsible fo f r a locally l imp ly m ortant and well kn mp k own are r a of re o heath t -land with th t a wide th d variety de t of ty of fl flora and fa f una. T e siz Th i e of iz o th t e de dep epartm t ent was soon to be do tm d ubled in terms of o acre r age of re o land to be maintained. d Georg d. r e was not rg d unted but re da r velled in the challenge and he had the gif ift if ft of o enthusing all his i staf is aff af ff with the same energ rgy rg gy and e citement and ‘can do ex d ’attitude d . He de H was one of o th t e most unf nfl nf flap app ppable, ki k nd and genero r us men I have ever kn ro k own. Alas, sp s ace do d es not permit of o any n fu ny f rth t er re th r minis i cence. Su is Suf uff ffi fice to say ay, ay y, my m time as Dep e uty ep t to Georg ty r e Cr rg Cro rowde d r de was one of o enlig igh ig ghtenment, t sig t, ign ig gnif ifi ficant pers r onal de rs d velop o ment and hap op app ap ppiness, not only l fo ly f r me but als l o fo ls f r my m wif ife if fe and tw t o child ldr ld dre ren. He H aven its t elf ts l is lf i sure r ly re l richer fo f r th t e passing of o Georg r e Cr rg Cro rowde d r. de r - Graham He Hey eywood

Mary Gregory 1932 - 2017

Mary Gregory, y botanist, editor and bibliographer and fr y, f om 1980 Honorary Member of IAW AWA AW WA passed away unexpectedly on 20 August at the age of 85 at her home in Kew, England. Throughout her career Mary r helped hundreds of plant anatomists with literatu ry t re tu refe f rences on their sub fe ubj ub bject of stu t dy, tu y either in person through correspondence, or through y, the bibliograp a hies she wrote, or the bibliograp ap a hical intern ap r ational datab rn a ase maintained by ab the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, w which she helped to estab w, a lish. ab Mary r began her career at Kew in September 1961, when she ry start r ed work rt r in th rk t e original Jodr d ell Lab dr a oratory ab r ; a cottage-sty ry t le ty building that was demolished in 1965 to make way fo f ra modern r lab rn a oratory ab r . The fi ry f rst years she assisted C.R. Metcalfe f fe with the editing and writing of the early volumes in the Anatomy of the Monocotyledons series and the second edition of the Anatomy of the Dicotyledons series. Later she assisted David Cutler as editor and the authors of later volumes in these series, and became an editor in her own right. She also co-au a thored a numb au m er of imp mb m ortant anatomical mp research papers. Mary retired off ffi ff ficially fr f om Kew in November 1992, but remained working there as an Honorary r ry Research Fellow. Her last day at Kew was only six days befo f re she died. fo Mary Gregory was one of the early UK fe f male graduates; in 1955 she was awarded a degree in Natu t ral Sciences (specialising in Botany) fr tu f om Girton College, Cambridge. She was an Assistant Science Editor at Oxfo f rd University Press fr fo f om 1955 to 1961, when she joined Kew. Mary was a pioneer in bibliographic databasing; she set up u the innovative and infl f uential Plant Micromorp fl r hology Bibliograp rp a hic Datab ap a ase (PMBD) on index cards ab (over 70,000 of them in her neat handwriting) and sub u sequently organised its transfe ub f r to fe computer. To T day, y it fo y, f rms part of Kew’s Electronic Plant Info f rmation Centre (ePIC) and fo remains a unique online source fo f r many refe f rences via Google Scholar. Befo fe f re Mary fo started at Kew she had already co-authored a bestselling Oxfo f rd Book of Wi fo W ldfl f owers, fl f rst pub fi u lished in 1960. ub Mary r was an extremely thorough editor, ab ry a le to spot inconsistencies in text many pages apart. She wrote three indispensable bibliographies fo f r wood anatomists and palaeobotanists: Wo W od Identifi f cation: An Annotated Bibliograp fi a hy (1980); Bibliograp ap a hy ap


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238 of Systematic Wo W od Anatomy of Dicotyledons (1994), and Fossil Dicot Wo W od Names: an annotated list with fu f ll bibliograp a hy (with Imogen Poole & Elisab ap a eth A. Wheeler; 2009), ab all published in the IAW AWA AW WA Journal or its predecessor the IAW AWA AW WA Bulletin. These bibliograp a hies were and are especially ap ap a preciated by palaeobotanists, and in recognition of her contribution, a Cretaceous (Tu T ronian) wood was named fo Tu f r her – Gre reg re egory r oxy ry x lon. xy Since her off ffi ff ficial retirement, Mary r dedicated herself to datab ry a asing Kew’s intern ab r ationally rn important microscope slide collection. In 2009, she was awarded Kew’s Aiton Medal fo f r her work in organising and training volunteers, a testimony to how much she was valued by her many fr f iends and colleagues at Kew. We W will remember Mary r fo ry f r her kindness and modesty, y and her fi y, f ne sense of humour. She was a wonderfu f l and fa fu f ithfu f l fr fu f iend who will be greatly missed. Through her work she made us all look better scholars than we actu t ally tu were. Our Association loses a very r wort ry r hy Honorary rt r Memb ry m er, but her legacy will continue mb to be of great assistance to all of us, fo f r many years to come. T is Th i obituary r is ry i being used by b ki k nd permis i sion of is o th t e IA I WA W (I (In International Association of o W od Anatomis Wo i ts is ts) s). Th T re r e of o th t e auth t ors th r are rs r Ke re K w St S af aff ff (P ( eter Gasson, Paula Ruda d ll and da David Cutler) r , other contributors r) r being biologists rs t who worke ts k d closely ke l with Ma ly M ry ry, y, including Pieter Baas. Obituary r fi ry f rs r t publis i hed in IA is I WA W Jo J urnal 38(4 (4) (4 4), pp p i + ii in 2017.

John Halhead

1929 - 18th September 2017 Pam Halhead contacted the Guild on the 25th of November to say her husband John Halhead passed away peacefu f lly in hospital on Septemb fu m er 18th mb t 2017, aged 88 years. Much th loved husband, and dad of Paul and Julie, grandad of Ry R an, Rob, Mel, Ben and Sarah, great-grandad of Joe. The fu f neral service was held at Colney Wo W odland Burial Park, Norwich, NR4 7TY on Thursday, October 12th, 2017, at 1pm. It was fo f llowed by committal at th t e City t of Norw ty r ich (Earlham) Crematorium. John entered Kew in 1952 fr rw f om The Royal Gardens at Sandringham and this was a year when Kew had its worst ever fo f g December 5th - 9th. Kew had 1,188,925 visitors that year and the stu t dents enj tu n oyed carol nj singing and a gramophone society. Another Royal connection that year was the removal of an old Horse Chestnut tree opposite Cambridge Cottage, that Queen Anne used to sit under having tea as a child many years befo f re. fo He left f Kew and ft married Pam in 1954 and took up a job as Foreman at Colchester Park r s Department. rk In the fo f ur years he was there he lived at three diff ffe ff ferent addresses. Ever ‘a man on the move’. In 1959 he moved to Redcar in Y rkshire Yo as Nursery manager f r Redcar Parks fo Department where he was responsible


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239 f r the constru fo r ction on a 44-acre site, of various glasshouses and potting sheds. The Royal ru connection went away and he participated in a special day in 1959 when Queen Elizab a eth ab came to Kew. In 1961 he took on th t e role of a Te T chnical Assistan a t at South an t end Par th ark ar rks Depar art ar rtm tment. Anoth t er th move in 1963 led him to take up u the post of Deputy Parks Sup u erintendent fo up f r the Borough of Uxbridge. He always kept in touch with the Kew Guild and this is a copy of an email, modern communications, sent in 2005. “In May of this year my wife f and I spent a holiday by Lake fe Massione, Italy. The nearb r y Vi rb V lla Ta T ranto jogged a distinctive memory r of a holiday haven ry of the late W. W M. Campbell. The villa and extensive gardens fo f unded and developed by Capt. Neil Mc Eachern and bequeathed by him to the Italian Government are in immaculate condition. The presence of Vi V ctoria amazonica water lilies again reminded me of Kew”. He spoke of various Kewites who had enriched his life f and career.Phil fe Heywood; Charles Collins; Stewart r Brown; Ken Mc Cready rt d ; Hector Wi dy W llis; Edwin Cherr rry rr ry and Alan Dixon. So, an excellent communicator and implementer of a wide range of valuab a le assets. We ab W kn k ow he enriched the lives of so many and send condolences to his f mily. fa

Pauline Himson - 17th July 2017

A life f member of Kew Gardens Pauline Dorothy Himson (nee We fe W stern r ) died in Hobart rn T smania on the 17th of July 2017. Ta Pauline met and married Arn r old Himson (1948) (an Austrian immigrant fr rn f om WW2 who f ught with a We fo W lsh regiment) whilst they were both stu t dying Horticultu tu t re at Kew, tu w post w, the Wa W r. Pauline worked in the rose garden and decorative pits. They married in 1956. Arnold and Pauline moved to Papua New Guinea in the mid-fi f ft fi f ies to manage rice and ru r bber plantations. Whilst Arn r old loved th rn t e tr t opics and his soj o ourn oj r s into th rn t e highlands looking fo f r rare plants Pauline did not take to the heat as Arnold did. They then moved to the temperate climes of Tasmania where they purchased and operated an apple orchard fo f r six years befo f re purchasing a post off fo ffi ff fice on the East Coast of the state. During the seventies Arnold and his fa f mily collected fo f r the Aerial Press publication of The Endemic Flora of Tasmania, which was sponsored by Lord Talbot De Malahide and illustrated by Margaret Stones at Kew Gardens. Her husband Arn r old became the fi rn f rst and to date only person to fl f y a balloon across the Bass Strait – a perilous journey of over 200 kilometres. They both enj n oyed fl nj f owers, plant and gardening until the end of their days. Pauline and Arn r old had two children: Jane Elsie Himson born rn r 14/9/62 and Simon Ross rn Himson born r 30/6/60. rn Pauline gave her body to the local medical school. The fa f mily will receive the ashes in another two to three years. She continues to live. A wonderfu f l example of a coup fu u le joined up in the love of Natu t re. tu


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Michael Ly L cett - 2017

A key fa f ctor in the lives fo f r many ex-Kewites are the mentors who infl f uenced their lives. fl Mike grew up u in a fa f mily linked to Nature and Commerce. His fa f ther was an architect who designed buildings fo f r The Ministry r of Agricultu ry t re and his mother’s fa tu f mily were mill owners. The year Mike left f school, his fa ft f ther was promoted and transfe f rred fr fe f om Camb m ridge to Nottingham. Mike ended up mb u with t a job at Wi th W cks Nursery r at nearb ry r y Lamb rb m ley, mb y y, one of the biggest in Britain. He was introduced to some species diversity. His fi f rst job was planting Freesias in old mushroom compost in fi f sh baskets; no plastic seed trays then. There were acres of roses and Chrysanthemums and the arrival of 100,000 azaleas presented a real commercial challenge. Large glasshouses covering acres produ d ced tomatoes. Mechan du a isation as we now an know it had not evolved so they used three-hand trolleys. One horse and cart, one lorry with a canvas top, an electrically driven shredder fo f r soil and an open fi f ve ton Bedfo f rd Tr fo Tru ruck. Aft f er 15 month ft t s Mike secured an ap th a prenticeship and work r ed rk at Arb r oretu rb t m University tu t Park ty r , th rk t e Vi V ctoria Emb m ankm mb k ent and km W odthorp Wo r e Grange (Nottingham). In 1958, he was accepted as a stu rp t dent at Kew to stu tu t dy tu Horticultu t ral Science. Massive renovations were taking place du tu d ring this time and he was very r much infl ry f uenced by mentors such as George Preston and Stanley Rawlings. fl Mike embraced the fr f eedom that stu t dent life tu f in London off fe ffe ff fered and enj n oyed some Kew nj ‘high jinks’ including fa f ncy dress parties and participating in the Kew Gardens Ru R nning T am, pounding the surrounding streets with Bob Adams. Te Aft f er completing his stu ft t dies at Kew, tu w Mike began the RSP course at Wo w, W rcester College of Edu d cation. He gradu du d ated aft du f er a year and moved to Wi ft W ltshire to take up u a trainee teaching position. Mike had always wanted to travel and having spent so long in continuous stu t dy, tu y y, decided to look fo f r a job overseas. Mike was off ffe ff fered two posts, in Canada and Northern r rn R odesia. He took the latter and spent fi Rh f ve years on the Angola border imp m lementing ru mp r ral stu t dies at a school started by missionaries. His previous work experience was put to good tu use in the development of land plots and crops that thrived in a tropical rather than temperate environment. Mike eventu t ally retu tu t rn tu r ed to colder climes, via a six week ‘Round the Wo W rld’ ticket that included stop off ffs ff fs in America and Australia, to take up u the post of Science teacher at Fairfa f x Boys School in Essex. fa Shortly aft f er arr ft r iving home, he met his fu rr f tu t re wife f fe Joan, who attended one of his popular ‘travel’ slide shows. Mike’s years spent overseas were some of the hap a piest times of his life ap f . His time in Afr fe f ica saw fr him work with people fr f om all over the world in culturally diverse communities, during a time of political instab a ility and deep racial division within ab the country r . In an earlier journ ry r al article he said that rn


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241 the odyssey of his life f had taken him fr fe f om a nursery r to parks and then to adu ry d lt edu du d cation, du travelling through environmental work to human biology via evening classes and the National Curriculum. He leaves a wife f Joan, a daughter Emma and son Ralph, and we fe send them our deepest condolences.

Charles Richard Parsons 1922 - 26th July 2013

Charles Richard Parsons passed away on Friday 26th July 2013 at St. Richard’s Hospital aged 91 years. Charles entered Kew on 16th October 1948 fr f om Scale Hayne College, Newton Abbot as a Student Gardener and left f in August 1949. He then worked fo ft f r a short period as a specialist off ffi ff ficer fo f r the Nigerian Federal Government as a soil chemist and then he returned home and built a glasshouse nursery, y which he ran fo y, f r ten years. Then, drawn back to teaching, he was head of horticultu t re fo tu f r 20 years at a local Secondary r School and ry also taught at evening adu d lt edu du d cation to O-level standard. du At the same time he was on the Oxfo f rd University Committee designing the new GCSE fo in Horticultu t re. He was also a key member of the Horticultu tu t ral Edu tu d cation Authority. He du became Honorary r Member of two local horticultu ry t ral societies, having been Chairman and tu V ce President of one of them. He was a Parish Councillor and Vi Vi V ce Chairman of the Planning Committee. So, a rich history r of getting benefi ry f ts fr fi f om Mother Earth’s soil. He was also into wet things being a qualifi f ed swimming and diving instru fi r ctor and Life ru f Saver. fe He was a life f member of The Guild and fo fe f r many years lived at Shripney, y near Bognor y, Regis. Donations in memory of Charles were donated to People’s Dispensary fo f r Sick Animals PDSA and Wo W rldwide Fund fo f r Natu t re (WWF). tu

Ron Rule

21 September 1933 - 2017 Ron, a Kentish man, started his horticultu t ral career with a three year Apprenticeship with tu Beckenham Parks Department. Aft f erwards he did military ft r service with the Royal Army ry Service Corps and spent 17 months in Malaya. Aft f er returning he spent a one-year ft residential course at Swanley Institu t te of Horticultu tu t re, fo tu f llowed by a two year stu t dentship tu at Kew. He then was selff employed fo ff r a year befo f re re-j fo - oining the staff -j f at Kew in 1959, ff in The Orchid Department. In 1961 he won the Bowles Memorial Scholarship and spent fo f ur and a half months in T nasserim, Lower Burm Te r a, plant collecting. He collected over a hundr rm d ed orchids and other dr indigenous species. On his retu t rn tu r he went to Edinburgh to help prepare the plants fo f r the opening of The Botanical Gardens. In 1965 he was promoted to Sup u ervisor of The Palm up House. Harold Heywood remembered working with him re-fu f rb fu r ishing the banana bed. Then in 1970 transfe f rred to Supervisor of the Tree Gang. In 1972 he moved on to be fe Sup u erv up r isor of Arb rv r oretu rb t m South tu t an th a d th t en in 1974 moved to be Sup u erv up r isor in The Te rv T mp m erate House. A very r varied career fr ry f om which Kew benefi f tted and The Kew Guild was blessed fi with his meticulous and painstaking work as Tr T easurer of The Kew Guild. In 1980 he took early retirement to look aft f er his fi ft f rst wife f Anne as she had cancer. She passed away in fe 1986. Ron moved to Hern r e Bay to live with his parents and then he fo rn f und a bungalow on Stu t dd tu Hill, Hern r e Bay. There romance blossomed over the garden fe rn f nce, as he met Yv Y onne, who had been widowed fo f r fo f ur years. They married on 9th July 1988 and shared a garden


Events of 2017 JOURNAL.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 18/04/2018 15:56 Page 115

242 almost an acre in area where they shared a love of gardening and each other. Ron and Yv Y onne attended many Kew outings including a trip to Oakover Nurseries in 2005. From 2001 until 2015 Ron and Yv Y onne travelled to Canada, America and diff ffe ff ferent places in Europe and then Ron was too ill to travel. Ron has two children Karen, 53 years old and Philip, 50. There are fo f ur grandchildren and two great grandchildren. He was a kind, loving man and according to the nurses at The Pilgrim Hospital in Canterb r ury rb ry, ry y, a real gentleman. Our deepest condolences to his wife f fe Y onne and fa Yv f mily. Philip i Rule - Ronald Rule’s 47 yr old ip cacti. He H looke k d af ke aft fter th t ese fo f r 47 years r, rs t ey th e have never fl f owere r d in all th re t at time and we are r looki re k ng fo ki f r a home fo f r th t em, as his i wif is ife if fe is i unable to continue to look af aft fter th t em. Th T e cacti are r located in He re H rne Bay ay, ay y, Ke K nt. Th T ey e are r re both t ap th app ppro r x 4f 4ft ft tall and are r fr re fre ree to any n one who wis ny i hes to collect th is t em. W just hop We o e th op t at someone can take k th ke t ese on and th t at th t ey e continue to gro gr row and may a be fl ay f ower. r r.

Alison Jane Tibbotts 1968-2017

Alison Jane Tibbotts passed away, y on 28th December 2017, aged 49. She was a stu y, t dent at tu Kew fr f om 1989-1991 when there were 23 stu t dents on Course 26, mostly male. In 1990 tu she gave a very good presentation as The Kew Guild Student Representative when she toasted Absent Friends at The Kew Guild Dinner at Imperial College, South Kensington. She qualifi f ed in 1991 fr fi f om Kew. Her name was Ru R nicles on the degree certifi f cate, but she fi reverted back to her birth name Tibbotts soon aft f er. ft Jane had a small but successfu f l gardening business in the South London area du fu d ring the 1990s, and then moved fo f r a time into Environmental Surveying, working in the Northwest. She later settled in Bradfo f rd-Upon Av fo A on, where she retu t rn tu r ed to gardening, and then fi f nally lived in Bristol. Jane sadly had a two-year battle with cancer. She managed to visit Kew on a number of occasions d ring her illness, and would use a mobility du t scooter ty to take her around th t e grounds, showing her part rtn rt tner David Costello her best loved areas of the Gardens. Jane had a passion fo f r life f , and a great passion fo fe f r trees. She would spend as much time in the outdoors during her fi f nal months, studying and drawing her fa f vourite plants and fl f owers, and rekindling her botanical illustration skills. Our condolences to David, Jan a e’s fa an f mily an a d oth t ers who th will miss her.


Events of 2017 JOURNAL.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 18/04/2018 15:56 Page 116

243

THE KEW GUILD STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2017 UNRESTRICTED RESTRICTED ENDOWMENT TOTAL FUNDS FUNDS FUNDS 2017 Note £ £ £ £

INCOME AND ENDOWMENTS FROM: Incoming resources from generated funds Donations and legacies 2 Income from Investments Investment income and deposit interest 3 Income from charitable activities Advancement of horticultural and botanical knowledge Events and other membership activities: Membership subscriptions Annual Dinner AGM Soiree Other events and income Encouragement of horticultural and botanical education Awards and prizes: Donations and legacies 4 Total income and endowments EXPENDITURE ON: Expenditure on Charitable activities Advancement of horticultural and botanical knowledge Events and membership activities: Website project Journal of The Kew Guild Annual Dinner AGM Soiree Newsletter Presidents’ name bars Presidents’ medals Archivist Other events and membership activities Encouragement of horticultural and botanical education Award making: Awards 5 Prizes 5 Student fellowship Kew Guild Medal Other Expenditure Membership database Administrative costs Other expenditure Total expenditure Net gains/(losses) on investments: Unrealised movements on investment assets Net income/(expenditure)

1,435

TOTAL 2016 £

1,435

1,461

14,500

7,437

21,937

21,613

9,567 3,729 213

-

9,567 3,729 213

9,993 3,875 809

29,444

10,000 17,437

10,000 46,881

37,751

1,169 4,842 3,709 172 98 38 501 179

-

1,169 4,842 3,709 172 98 38 501 179

2,501 7,566 4,012 16 50 562

846 605 180 384

10,674 630 180 384

4,616 630 150 359

1,496 7,789 25

9,828 25 -

1,496 7,789 25

(394) 3,097 309

6

22,033

9,853

-

31,886

23,474

8

34,297 41,708

7,005 14,589

10,760 10,760

52,062 67,057

55,495 69,772

41,708

14,589

10,760

67,057

69,772

-

Net movement in funds for the year Reconciliation of funds Total funds brought forward as restated

12

483,112

89,653

124,104

696,869

627,097

Total funds carried forward

12

524,820

104,242

134,864

763,926

696,869


Events of 2017 JOURNAL.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 18/04/2018 15:56 Page 117

244

THE KEW GUILD BALANCE SHEET AS AT 31 DECEMBER 2017 2017

Fixed assets Investments Current assets Stock of Kew Guild medals Debtors Cash at bank and in hand

Note 8

9 10

Total current assets Liabilities Creditors: amounts falling due within one year

£

11

2016

£

£

652,556

£ 600,494

718 8,173 115,759

1,077 4,894 95,834

124,650

101,805

(13,280)

(5,430)

Net current assets or liabilities

111,370

96,375

Total net assets or liabilities

763,926

696,869

134,864 104,242

124,104 89,653

The Funds of the Charity: Endowment funds Restricted funds Unrestricted general fund Unrestricted designated funds Total unrestricted funds Total Charity funds

12 12 12 12

116,186 408,634

100,642 382,470 524,820

483,112

763,926

696,869

The financial statements will be approved by The Committee on 14 June 2018 following the completion of the independent examination. These summarised accounts may not contain sufficient information to allow for a full understanding of the Guild’s financial affairs. For further information the full Annual Report and Financial Statements, including the Independent Examiner’s Report, should be consulted. Copies of these can be obtained from Linda Baharier, 1 Castlehill Cottages, Outwood Lane, Bletchingley, Surrey, RH1 4LR.


Events of 2017 JOURNAL.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 18/04/2018 15:56 Page 125


Events of 2017 JOURNAL.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 18/04/2018 15:56 Page 127

KEW GUILD JOURNAL 2017


Events of 2017 JOURNAL.qxp_JOURNAL 2017 18/04/2018 15:56 Page 128

V lume 17 Vo Number 122

ISSN: 2046-1526

2017

KEW GUILD JOURNAL 2017

THE JOURNAL OF THE KEW GUILD

Profile for Kew Guild Journal

The Journal of the Kew Guild - Events of 2017  

The Journal of the Kew Guild - Events of 2017  

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