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December

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Fidelity


Contents

Values

Sports

3 Fidelity

11 Buffon nears new deal

Technology 4 Drones 4 2013 Nissan GT-R 4 Six-core processor

12 Modric urges Bale to join RM 12 Mourinho and Pep on the same job

Features

7-8 9 10

Curiosities

Social Corner Windows 8

History 5 Baktun

International News 6 Turning green deserts 6 Blind photographers

For more information visit: www.Interschool.edu.sv

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Values

Religious Fidelity

A Life Principle In "Recovering Ethical Life," a book by J.M. Bernstein (Routledge, 1995), the author proposes that when a person makes a promise, he is recognizing the other person as someone to whom he is pledging his fidelity. Going back on the promise is a specific betrayal of that trust for which there are complex consequences.

Christian-Judaic principles declared marriage as an act of fidelity and a union for life: "Therefore shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall cleaves unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh" (Gen 2:24). Similarly, in the New Testament, Jesus says: "Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder" (Mt 19:6).

Non-Religious Fidelity

Basic Moral Principle of Fidelity

While the principle of fidelity is often linked to religious teachings and beliefs, it is also a philosophical principle of atheism. Emma Goldman in "The Philosophy of Atheism" wrote that virtues, including fidelity "are not conditioned in heaven, but that they are related to and interwoven with the tremendous changes going on in the social and material life of the human race; not fixed and eternal, but fluctuating, even as life itself."

Fidelity is essentially a person keeping a promise. Simply put, the principle of fidelity is for an individual to keep one's promise. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines it as "the quality or state of being faithful." It is fostered by many professions and often connected to marital trust and faithfulness. 3|Page


Technology Drones soar past their military uses

2013 Nissan GT-R Black Edition Although the GT-R might appear to be unchanged since its launch in 2009, a lot has been going on behind the scenes. In 2010, it gained five horsepower, a revised launch control system, and an updated navigation system. For 2011, Nissan tweaked the suspension tuning, and added conveniences like automatic wipers and a USB audio input. Bigger changes came in 2012, when the GT-R gained a new front fascia (dig those de rigeur LED running lamps!), another 45 horsepower, new dampers and revised suspension geometry, and a new top-spec Black Edition model. Alas, Nissan still wasn't done. The 2013 GT-R is almost identical to last year's model, save for the fact the twin-turbocharged 3.8-liter V-6's output has been cranked up another 15 hp to 545 hp.

The word "drone" probably doesn't make you think "fun" or even "useful." After all, the most familiar unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is the hulking, weaponized, and sinisterly named Predator deployed by the U.S. military. But drones are destined for gentler tasks; they could be making their way into homes as tools and into distressed areas as humanitarian aids. French company Parrot is already selling its high-end toy, the $300 AR.Drone 2.0, to consumers. Utility: Drone experts imagine do-it-yourselfers tossing a UAV in the back of their trucks alongside their chainsaw and toolbox. UAVs could be used to monitor crops, for example, or by homeowners who want to check rain gutters without climbing on the roof.

Six-core processor You won't have to wait long for this one. Intel's Westmere CPUs may be hanging around with the dregs of processor society at the moment, chucking their chips in with the integrated graphics crowd, but they're about to grow up – and fast. Sometime over the next few months Intel will go two better than the current line up of quad-core CPUs by launching a six-core version of its high-end Core i7 line. Based on the existing Nehalem architecture, the headline feature is a process shrink down to 32nm, while the rest of the spec sheet remains largely the same. It could be a genuine upgrade. 4|Page


History The Fact and Fiction of Baktun 2012 The ancient Mayan civilization existed in countries we now call Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Belize. Between 500-900 A.D. they enjoyed a ‘golden age’ of city-building and writing. Theirs was a complex, highly structured society, one of the most technologically developed civilizations in the world at the time. Mayan astronomers made remarkably accurate observations and used their Long Count calendar to commemorate historical and astronomical events. Like the Gregorian and Julian calendars which start with the presumed date of Jesus of Nazareth’s birth, the Long Count Calendar (the Haab) has a start date. Unlike those calendars however, the Long Count Calendar (Haab) also has an end date.

Baktun 2012 All about one, mysterious calendar date – 21 December 2012. 2012 fever has started to hit the world and it’s still a few years to go before the date the ancient Mayans knew as THIRTEEN BAKTUN. The question is the world really going to end in 2012?

The Haab start date is August 11 3114 BC The end date of the Haab is thirteen baktuns later…which translates as 21 Dec 2012. If the start of a calendar commemorates the most important event a society can remember. On Mayan Mysteries of 2012 we’ll be looking at the ancient Maya, what they wrote about 2012, what other people have written or said about 2012. We’ll also look at some of the entertainments based around this mystery.

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International News Project to turn desert green trials in Qatar In a region known for its towering skyscrapers, the erection of a modestlysized greenhouse might not appear worthy of much attention. But this small construction site near the coast in Qatar's Mesaieed Industrial City could help transform the landscape forever, says its developers, turning desert land into flourishing centers of food and freshwater production. The $5.3 million, one-hectare pilot plant opens later this month and is a major milestone of the Sahara Forest Project (SFP) -- a concept that has been developed by a Norwegian company since 2008. The facility -- built in partnership with fertilizer companies Yara International and Qafco -- will feature a range of green technologies including concentrated solar power (CSP), photovoltaic panels and a saltwater-cooled greenhouse that mimics the hydrological cycle.

Eye-opening: Photography brings life to blind students Choi Lok Sze carefully holds her DSLR and plans the shot she has in mind. For her, taking a photo is not just a simple process of pointing a camera and pressing the shutter release. Most of us capture what our eyes see, but when Lok Sze works her other senses take charge. Lok Sze is an aspiring blind photographer. "People think that blind people cannot take pictures," she says. "I want to show that them that blind people can." Lok Sze is part of a group of 13 students from the Ebenezer School of the Visually Impaired in Hong Kong learning photography. Two are completely blind, while the remaining students are partially sighted. "The term blind photography is new in Hong Kong but the idea is accepted in several countries," says KK Lam, the coordinator of the class. Manufacturers have yet to produce cameras attuned to needs of blind or visually impaired users. However, the concept is slowly gaining popularity and there are established blind photographers in Japan, Thailand and Britain.

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Social Corner Christmas History Christmas is both a sacred religious holiday and a worldwide cultural and commercial phenomenon. For two millennia, people around the world have been observing it with traditions and practices that are both religious and secular in nature. Christians celebrate Christmas Day as the anniversary of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth, a spiritual leader whose teachings form the basis of their religion. Popular customs include exchanging gifts, decorating Christmas trees, attending church, sharing meals with family and friends and, of course, waiting for Santa Claus to arrive. December 25–Christmas Day–has been a federal holiday in the United States since 1870.

Christmas in United States of America Santa Claus was born in US in the 1860's he was named this as he had a white beard and a belly, so he was named Santa Claus as this was the Dutch word for St Nicholas, Sintaklaas. Although the Dutch had bought him with them in the 17th century, he did not become an important person at Christmas until the Novelist Washington Irving put him in a novel that he wrote in 1809. This first Santa Claus was still known as St. Nicholas, he did smoke a pipe, and fly around in a wagon without any reindeer, but he did not have his red suit or live at the North Pole, he did however bring presents to children every year.In 1863 He was given the name Santa Claus and bore the red suit, pipe, and his reindeer and sleigh. Now Christmas celebrations vary greatly between regions of the United States, because of the variety of nationalities which have settled in it.

Christmas Celebrations in El Salvador Wide spread celebrations are held during Christmas in El Salvador. El Salvador is primarily a Christian country and as such thousands of people take part in the Christmas celebrations. Travelers from all over the world also come to celebrate Christmas in El Salvador. El Salvador is one of the popular nations in Central America and is known for its rich tradition and diverse culture. Christmas in El Salvador is also celebrated in the traditional manner. Members of the family gather together and decorate a Christmas tree. Everyone in the family have traditional dinner together. 9|Page


Windows 8 is the current release of the Windows operating system, produced by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablets, and home theater PCs. Development of Windows 8 started before the release of its predecessor in 2009. Its existence was first announced at CES 2011, and followed by the release of three pre-release versions from September 2011 to May 2012. The operating system was released to manufacturing on 1 August 2012, and was released for general availability on 26 October 2012. Windows 8 introduces significant changes to the operating system's platform, primarily focused towards improving its user experience on mobile devices such as tablets to rival other mobile operating systems like Android and iOS,[4] taking advantage of new or emerging technologies like USB 3.0, UEFI firmware, near field communications, cloud computing and the low-power ARM architecture, new security features such as malware filtering, built-in antivirus capabilities, a new installation process optimized for digital distribution, and support for secure boot (a UEFI feature which allows operating systems to be digitally signed to prevent malware from altering the boot process), the ability to synchronize certain apps and settings between multiple devices, along with other changes and performance improvements. Windows 8 also introduces a new shell and user interface based on Microsoft's "Metro" design language, featuring a new Start screen with a grid of dynamically updating tiles to represent applications, a new app platform with an emphasis on touchscreen input, and the new Windows Store to obtain and/or purchase applications to run on the operating system.

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Sports Buffon nears new deal Juventus goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon is close to signing a new deal with the Turin giants, while insisting that he does not think about a future at another club, Sky Sports understands. Buffon, 34, is under contract at the Juventus Stadium until next summer, but an extension between the two parties in the coming weeks is all but inevitable. Nonetheless, the Italy international did concede that he has not ruled out a possible move abroad after revealing that the only Serie A club he would consider playing for is his boyhood club Parma. “A month ago, I met with the president Agnelli and we found a draft agreement for a new contract,” Buffon told La Nazione. “We’ll formalise everything soon. There are no money problems. At my age they know my value and what I can still give. “A future at another club? I don’t think about it. Maybe at the end of my career I could evaluate an experience abroad. “In Italy, the only club that I would consider is Parma, the team which launched me in the great game of football.” Buffon has started 12 of Juventus’ 14 Serie A matches this season, keeping four clean sheets for the Italian table-toppers. Juve are scheduled to host Torino in the Turin city derby tomorrow, with the hosts at the top of the table and the visitors in 14th-place despite conceding an average of one goal per game and having a positive goal difference (+1). Expect a low-scoring clash between the bitter Turin rivals, with Juve winning by the slimmest of margins. 1-0 Bianconeri.

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Modric urges Bale to join Real Madrid Real Madrid attacking midfielder Luka Modric has called for former Tottenham Hotspur team-mate Gareth Bale to join him at the Estadio Santiago Bernabéu if he wishes to fulfill UEFA Champions League aspirations, Sky Sports reports. Bale, 23, was on scintillating form in Spurs’ 2-1 win over Liverpool at White Hart Lane on Wednesday, fueling speculation that he may be set to leave North London for Madrid in the near future. The Wales international winger has already bagged 10 goals and four assists in 25 appearances for club and country this term, including six goals in 14 starts in the Premier League. “We used to talk and I know he wants to play Champions League football every season and has a big dream of winning the Champions League,” revealed Modric. “Madrid would be a great club for him to achieve his dreams. I play with Ronaldo here at Madrid and the way he just runs with the ball with such confidence and defenders back off him is exactly the same as Gareth. “To have them both in the same team would be unstoppable.” Expect Andre Villas-Boas to showcase Bale when Spurs visit Craven Cottage to take on Fulham tomorrow, which surely means another win for the Portuguese boss.

Could Jose Mourinho and Pep Guardiola be after the same jobs? Pep Guardiola's departure from Barcelona at the end of last season wasn't just the end of his involvement in a glorious era for the club. It also called time on one of the most fascinating managerial rivalries in Spanish and world - football, between Guardiola and Real Madrid's Jose Mourinho. It appears increasingly likely that Mourinho will also be a former La Liga boss by next summer. Monday's edition of Madrid-based newspaper Marca claimed the coach and his president Florentino Perez have mutually agreed that he will leave at the end of June 2013, with just the terms of the settlement to be decided.

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