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ALTON MILL COMMUNITY CENTRE


Table of CONTENTS 

INSPIRATIONS …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 2—5

CONCEPT …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6

SOLAR STUDY …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7

DESIGN …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 8—14

ELEVATIONS………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………15—18

WORKING DRAWINGS ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 19

FLOOR PLANS ………………………….……………………………………………………………………………………………… 20—27

SUSTAINABLE DESIGN …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 28

SITE PLAN ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 29

AMPHITHEATRE ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 30—31

MATERIAL BOARD…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………... 32

CONCLUSION …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33

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INSPIRATIONS (Exterior) 

The existing ’Alton Mill’ building, with its iconic stone façade and antiquated look, creates a unique historic atmosphere that becomes apparent as visitors enter the site. The feeling of stepping back in time defines not only this building but many others in the surrounding area of Alton and is something that should be preserved.

An outdoor patio, situated adjacent to the river and directly beside Alton Mill, is one of the most frequented spots on the site due to its scenic backdrop and the intermingling between nature and man-made structure, and should remain as well.

A numerous amount of large windows give the existing building lots of natural light. This is essential to a healthy indoor environment and this should be kept in mind with the design of the addition.

Alton Mill uses three main materials: stone, steel, and wood. These three materials should be utilized in the new design in order to preserve the existing atmosphere and help both the old and new portions of the building seamlessly blend together.

There are several other significant aspects of the existing building that should be kept intact in order for it to continue to have a traditional feel, including an old brick smoke stack. This helps the building stand out and reminds people of what once was.

The surrounding natural beauty should be kept and therefore, minimal tree removal is ideal. The nature at the site should be a main focus when considering the design of the building.

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INSPIRATIONS (Interior) The interior of Alton Mill consists of a minimal amount of interior walls as well as exposed timber columns and beams. This produces an open, ‘larger than life’ feeling while inside. A similar, open-concept design should be incorporated in the addition to continue that feeling as someone transitions from building to building or floor to floor. Keeping with the existing building’s materials and including them into the new design will attempt to compliment the existing building rather than overshadowing it.

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INSPIRATIONS (Concept) Environmental Building 3 at the University of Waterloo (Pearce McClusky Architects) was the biggest influence in the design of the addition. Constructing a new structure over an existing building, instead of beside it, greatly reduces the ecological footprint of the site. This method of building up and not out was a unique solution to both the issue of sustainability as well as site preservation and allowed the focus of the design to continue being on the surrounding nature and existing Mill while still sufficiently meeting the program requirements . Environmental Building 3 was awarded a LEED certification of platinum for it’s great use of space along with it’s many other environmental features.

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INSPIRATIONS (Concept) The Ranon House (Ecosistema Urbano Architects) was also a big inspiration to the design. The use of steel in the supports helps balance the overall look of the mainly wood structure. Both materials work well together and could help tie the Alton Mill addition into both the surrounding forest and the existing building, making it seem as though it belonged.

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CONCEPT The existing Millrun building is rich with character and history, unique to the area. The initial concept ideas for the new community centre revolved around preserving the historic building as well as the natural habitat surrounding it, while still providing the community with a state of the art community centre. The addition is designed to wrap overtop of the existing building, a unique feature that showcases their contrasting architectural styles- the existing building’s historic look and features, and the addition’s bold, modern design. The center of the addition acts as the central hub for the entire community centre and it’s grounds. It is the main entrance, and is also where the paths to the recreational courts and water front come together. This means every aspect of the community centre can be easily accessed and easy to find. By designing the addition on top of the existing building, the ecological foot print of the site will be reduced. No trees will need to be removed to make space for the newer building, ensuring that the community will have the ultimate natural experience while visiting the site. The concept also includes a lot of windows to allow for optimum views and a lot of natural light into the facility which is energy efficient. This building incorporates a lot of different sustainable features to reduce running costs and promotes an overall “green” environment.

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SOLAR Study The sun path can play a major role when designing a building. Due to the overall height of the design, no trees can help block direct sunlight . This can have a negative effect in the building’s heating. A concept feature was specifically designed in attempt to minimize the amount of direct sunlight into the building, while still allowing some natural lighting into the addition. By analysing the solar study (seen on the right), a perforated metal sun screen was designed that will wrap around the building, essentially acting as a shield. This feature is key because it will help the sustainability of the site by keeping the building cool while still allowing some natural light to enter, reducing the amount of artificial light needed during the day.

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DESIGN Focus (Entrance) A curved glass weather shelter at the drop-off zone was created with the words ‘Alton Mill Community Centre’ painted on it in order to create an easily identifiable entrance to the building. The main entrance was specifically placed here so that the contrast between the new and old building creates a unique first impression. From the drop-off, visitors move to the stone courtyard and then into the lobby. The lobby attempts to emphasis the beauty of the existing stone on the building, while blending the lines between interior with the exterior through the use of multiple glass curtain walls. Concrete columns wrapped in stainless steel provide structural support, wood was used to create the spiral feature staircase, and stone façade makes up the elevator shaft. The concept concentrates on using these three materials (steel, stone, wood) to keep a consistent theme throughout both buildings.

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DESIGN Focus (Circulation Space 1) The wooden feature staircase that acts as the main access between floors was designed to be both functional and an art piece. Travelling from floor– to—floor is considered a mundane necessity, but this design is meant to create a unique experience, leading people to wonder what’s next. In the addition, the theme of steel, wood and stone is continued as visitors travel upward. The main circulation corridor was designed to be bright and spacious, allowing for a large amount of people to travel throughout without being constricted. By having a curtain wall on the north west side of the building, with a shallow library with interior glazing that opens up into the corridor, more natural lighting could permeate into the innermost portions of the addition, creating a constant warm effect.

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DESIGN Focus (Circulation Space 2) One of the sole paint colours chosen for accent walls is blue. Blue is a warm and welcoming colour that is meant to keep people calm. It also gives the circulation space a bit more colour and makes it unique. Because this building uses poured concrete floors, in –floor heating and cooling can be installed. That means that this building requires no complex heating system or ductwork, so the addition can have high ceilings with exposed concrete. Some areas use drywall on the ceilings for acoustic and aesthetic reasons.

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DESIGN Focus (Library) A library can play a very key role within the community. This is a space where people come to study, broaden their minds, or simply enjoy some alone time. It is important to create a space that was welcoming to the community and as comfortable as possible. Natural lighting in the space is essential to make it feel brighter and warmer. Throughout the building there are automatic blinds that run on censors, so if too much natural lighting is entering the space, the blinds will react accordingly. The lighting also works on censors and dimmers so that there will always be a sufficient amount of lighting in the rooms. These features play a significant role in the library to ensure the perfect setting for learning, regardless of the outside conditions.

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DESIGN Focus (Sun Screen) The prime concern about the solar screen design was the visibility out of the windows, especially since one of the main focuses of the concept was a view of the surrounding nature. Due to its perforated steel construction, visibility through the solar screen isn’t an issue. There is still a lot of natural lighting coming through, and yet very minimal direct sunlight. Colour tinted glazing is used for some glass panels to create a fun atmosphere with a bit of life.

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DESIGN Focus (Upper Floors) The fifth floor circulation space is a beautiful two storey open area. The wooden spiral staircase continues upward creating a unique sculpted centre feature to the room that ends at the rooftop garden. A glass roof covers the top of the corridor, allowing a lot of natural lighting into the space, making it a bright and warming place to be. The multipurpose room and two meeting rooms are located just off of the main staircase.

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DESIGN Focus (Rooftop Garden) The roof top garden is meant to be a special place for people to congregate and take in the view. The space can be utilized for a variety of different activities. It can be rented out for galas or wedding receptions (the multipurpose room w/ bar is conveniently located underneath), or simply open to the public. The solar screen hovers over top of the space to provide shade and yet still allow all the natural sunlight. A rooftop garden acts as a natural insulator to the building below, helping reduce heating and cooling needs.

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ELEVATION: North

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ELEVATION: East

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ELEVATION: South

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ELEVATION: West

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WORKING Drawings * Further detail on full size working drawing package

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FLOOR Plan: Basement 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

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8

8

14

14 34

33

15

4

8

8

34

18

4

7 15 15 31 7

7

7

7

27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

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11 7

37. Elevator Room

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11

11

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FLOOR Plan: First 36 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

1

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

2

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

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3 8

14 6

15

8

5

14

7

4

15

1 8

9

10

11

7

11

7

7

16

27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

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13

37. Elevator Room

21

15

37

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FLOOR Plan: Second 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

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15

17

4

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

8

19

20

7 11

21

37. Elevator Room

22

8

8

9 18

27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

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15

8

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FLOOR Plan: Third 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

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27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

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37. Elevator Room

23

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FLOOR Plan: Fourth 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

22

7 15 24 8

7 18

23

8 24

7

27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

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37. Elevator Room 19

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FLOOR Plan: Fifth 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

24 7

6

15

8

8

27

24

18 26

9

28

29

27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

15

12

37. Elevator Room

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FLOOR Plan: Sixth (Top) 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

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15

30

27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

37. Elevator Room 15

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ROOF Plan 1. Vestibule

2. Lobby

3. Reception

4. Office

5. Lounge

6. Coat Room

7. Storage

8. Washroom

9. Kitchen

10. Snack Bar/ Café

11. Retail Store

12. Outdoor Patio

13. Outdoor Play Area

14.Change Room

15. Stairs

16. Daycare

17. Pro Shop

18. Janitor’s Closet

19. Garbage Room

20. Staff Room

21. Restaurant

22. Library

23. Art Classroom

24. Meeting Room

25. Games Room

26. Bar

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27. Multi-Purpose Room 28. Stage 29. Back-Stage

30. Mechanical Room

31. Electrical Room

32. Cardio and Aerobics Room

33. Weight Room

34. Squash Court

35. Roof Garden

36. Courtyard

35

15

37. Elevator Room

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SUSTAINABLE Design Sustainable design is being more frequently incorporated into modern buildings as people are becoming more and more aware of issues surrounding certain traditional construction and methods. Creating a sustainable building helps lower costs, lower the building’s ecological footprint and, most importantly, helps better the environment. A green roof helps insulate and keeps the warm/ cold air in or out. It will also help with site drainage and gives an aesthetically appealing look. In–floor heating and cooling allows for taller ceilings as no drop ceilings are required. The heat extracted from the mechanical devices used in this system takes advantage of otherwise wasted heat and puts it to good use. The solar screen that wraps around the building allows less direct sunlight in, but still a significant amount of natural lighting. This will prevent the building heating up from the sun’s thermal energy. By refurbishing the mill, we have the ability to use local resources (the river) to produce a significant amount of energy that could possibly allow the building to run off the grid. The lighting and blinds previously mentioned will also assist in lowering the overall energy usage inside the building. Materials used in the building or during the construction process can potentially be of a reused, recycled, or sustainably harvested nature.

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SITE Plan The existing site was a big influence on the design, so it was important that that atmosphere be maintained. The parking was designed uniquely with the summer and winter seasons in mind. The parking lot has lots of trees surrounding it and within it. The design will prove useful during the summer months when it is warm out, as the trees will provide shade for the cars in the parking lots. In the winter months the leaves will be off the trees and this will allow sunlight through and help heat up the cars. The trees also act as a snow fence which will prevent snow from being blown in and help lower winter maintenance costs. In the fall, the leaves from the parking lot can be gathered to be composted for organic use in the spring when doing flower beds. There is a water front area with lawn space for family to enjoy swimming or picnics, there is basketball/ volleyball courts and soccer fields just to the right to provide recreational activities. Paths are provided to direct visitors from the main entrance to any of these amenities. There is also an amphitheatre on the site as well. The main idea when designing the site plan was to give the community an all-in-one destination where all their needs could be met.

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AMPHITHEATRE (Garden)

An amphitheatre was designed on the site as a way to help bring the community together. On top of the hill the amphitheatre is situated on is a garden where people can sit in peace and quiet for some thought and reflection. It is place where people can be one with nature and enjoy their surroundings. This space was important to the design because it gives a unique space that was somewhat of a break from reality.

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AMPHITHEATRE Based on the tradition of the ancient Greeks, an amphitheatre was included into the site as a way to help bring the community together. The community can watch local productions, or perhaps support local music. The amphitheatre can also bring in revenue now that there is an available space to allow for potential festivals and concerts. The design of the venue was also inspired by the environment. The ledges of the tiered levels are made from local stone, with grass terraces. The tiered seating is in a semi-circular style for acoustical and viewing reasons. The surrounding trees will act as an acoustical buffer to prevent echo or an excessive amount of sound from escaping. There is also a cover over the amphitheatre to allow natural lighting in, and prevent direct sunlight through. It will be made from the same perforated stainless steel as the solar screen. It will also help act as a weather barrier from rain. Wooden pieces located at the back of the theatre are meant to mimic a bird’s nest while providing an aesthetically pleasing backdrop.

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MATERIAL Board This building will consist of the following materials: 

Honey Beachwood

Perforated Stainless Steel Mesh

Coloured Glazing Unit Panels

Concrete Columns Wrapped in Stainless Steel

Stone

Curtain Wall

Concrete

Spray Foam/ Rigid Insulation

Gypsum Board

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CONCLUSION This concept is a very unique and bold design that compliments the beauty and history of the existing Mill, rather than overshadow it. This design perfectly fits into its surroundings and attempts to blend in with the environment , but most importantly, It is a place where the community can come together and interact through a variety of different activities and settings.

Interior Lobby Renderings

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Alton Mill booklet  

OAAAS 2014 Student Award Winner

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