ARCH 370/371 _ program + predesign ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS COMMUNITY ANALYSIS
_ program + design FINAL DESIGN _ urban retreat DEGREE OF DISCONNECTION
CULTURELAB _ second skin SYMBIOSIS _ collage + japan MODERN TEA ROOM ADRIFT ARISTOCRAT
_ living room DEGREE OF TRANSPARENCY
SUBURBAN TEA ROOM
TNRIVER STUDIO _ wastewater PUBLIC INVITATION KUWAHEE PARK
_ everyoneâ€™s river TERTIARY TREATMENT
KERRI NICKEL PURE BEAUTY LIES IN THE DELICATE SPACE BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE
EDUCATION university of tennessee, knoxville college of architecture + design GRADUATION_MAY 2019
CONTACT 116 s gay street, suite 103 knoxville, tn 37902 MKONATE@VOLS.UTK.EDU (631) 560-1369
B in the 1940s, lenoir city established an identity through their blossoming downtown and the fort loudoun dam served as a significant symbol of the cityâ€™s success. these 2 distinct features can be leveraged to recreate an identity to strengthen the city and its sense of community.
ARCH 370/371_ program + predesign
the development of a place of urban retreat will promote pedestrian interactions and solitude for residents of the community. this idea grew from the soon to be retired bridge that passes over the fort loudoun dam that has potential pedestrian use. these notions of seclusion could be drawn into the actual housing site as well. residents will be able to escape from the familiar urban cityscape into a unique world of retreat without actually leaving the city. this site will encourage residents to walk and bike, promote community interaction, spark real estate development, and support local businesses. it also has potential to enhance knowledge of lenoir cityâ€™s history and its local environment.
[PUBLIC] INFRASTRUCTURE organized structures needed fo society
[POST] INDUSTRIAL HERITAG the physical remains of the hist longer heavily relied on] HOME
ENVIRONMENT the surrounding natural conditi or plant lives in
URBAN RETREAT leftover, residual, or unused spa
x1 single unit 36 families
6 6 12 6
double unit 72 families
x3 triple unit 108 families
high density housing allows for more public interaction and less need for vehicle travel. it encourages walking and bicycling in neighborhoods and creates enough density to aid local amenities. missing middle housing suggests multi-unit and multi-family types that provide home owners with diverse options and diverse types of interactions. the housing site will encourage residents to walk and bike, promote community interaction, and support local businesses.
quadruple unit 144 families
or operation of [public]
GE tory of industry [that is no
ion that a person, animal,
ace of seclusion in a city
INDUSTRIAL-ENVIRONMENTAL BLEND the fusion of a cityâ€™s industrial heritage with its surrounding natural environment
ARCH 370/371_ program + design
the driving force behind this final design proposal was the idea of urban retreat. this residential site is intended to be a place that both bolsters the community and protects the privacy of the individual. there are various types of units to accommodate a diverse range of residents and to further strengthen and integrate the community. the site is conveniently located in between the 2 key identifying features for lenior city; the downtown strip and the fort loudoun dam. the city has lost much of its urban identity due to a heavy reliance on the single passanger vehicle. careful consideration was placed on where parking can be provided for residents even though pedestrian activity around and through the site was a very important notion. there is high potential to use the soon to be retired bridge that crosses over the dam for pedestrian inhabitation and this was an incredibly important factor that played into the making of the final design.
m 30 in
w ne e
28 UNITS / shared lot 31 spaces shown
8 UNITS / driveway 8 personal drives
24 UNITS / on street 24 spaces shown
60 UNITS TOTAL
3 BR / 2 BA
4 BR / 2 BA
2 BR / 2 BA
- courtyard parking - courtyard access - bike lane access - washer and dryer - office room
- courtyard parking - courtyard access - garden access - washer and dryer - private patio
- street parking - street access - garden access - private balcony - private garden
DEGREE OF DISCONNECTION
ARCH 370/371_ urban retreat
the housing complex acts as as urban retreat when there are opportunities to be completely engulfed in or entirely secluded from the community. a situation where one is both engulfed in and secluded from the community might be the ultimate urban retreat condition. a resident of this community has the freedom to aquire whatever degree of privacy they desire and this is a quality that cannot typically be found in an urban center or in rural isolation. in this case, the community will benefit from strong public interaction and investment and the individual will have the ability to participate in this without losing the right to privacy and solitude.
CULTURELAB_ second skin
_this study began with research on german designer rebecca thorn and japanese designer hideki seo. even though they come from profoundly different cultural backgrounds, both share in interest in designing expressive garments. we began thinking about architectureâ€™s relationship to human form at the most intimate layers; bone, tissue, tendons, and skin. we discovered ways in which our designs intensified both external and internal experiences of the human scale. we are exploring the issure of identity when it is under the pressure of social conformity and it is expressed as a symbiotic relationship. the form and materials express the complex relationship between and individual and a society. layers peal away to reveal these convoluted exchanges. the structure is a systematic component that can develop into multiple states and shapes when combined with a simple micture of cloth and water. together, the chicken wire and plaster create a structure form that is neither of body or of space. this becomes a multifaceted object that exposes moments of an ongoing symbiotic relationship. at some point in time, this relationship lost its mutuality, leading to a parasitic abuse on the individualâ€™s identity. in order to restore human qualities to this body, we will project motion picture on it. like projection itself, these lost individual characteristics are intangible, yet critical to the human experience.
MODERN TEA ROOM
CULTURELAB_ collage + japan
MODERN TEA ROOM _design charette with chubu university in kasugai, japan earth is peeled back to reveal the Nijiriguchi (small crawl through entry) in which a visitor must bow and wander through the dark before reaching the â€?wowâ€? view and tokonoma (token focal point). the view is framed by the cave that encases the humble tea room. stream water that pools and falls nearby runs below the tatami covered floors.
degree of transparency degree of privacy
DEGREE OF TRANSPARENCY
CULTURELAB_ living room
in todayâ€™s world, there are often proponents of community and of solitude but it is rare to find the promotion of both. there are many benefits to living in a highly populated, urban area and there are also many advantages to living in an isolated, rural condition. when a home owner has to choose one, they miss out on the opportunities presented by the other. a suburban area should be a place where these opposing worlds collide and people have the convenience of both community and solitude in their every day lives. this symbiotic situation shares similar notions as those found in the design of japanese tea rooms. this suburban retreat house would be rented out to users of various needs and tastes. like a tea room, anyone can occupy this home and they would each have a unique experience based on their individual desires. although a user is likely looking for isolation and introspection, they are residing in an active neighborhood, where their presence is welcomed and necessary. since the crack in the house is the only way to enter, the individual must really concentrate as they crouch and squeeze into the building. this entry is similar to the nijiriguchi often used in tea rooms where guests have to bow and crawl through a small opening. this humble entrance forces all users to enter equally, stripping away their social status in the exterior world. the apertures that make up the buildings envelope work like those in cameras. they allow different levels of light and shadow to pass through the walls. when they are all completely open, the wall becomes more transparent and when they are all closed, it becomes more opaque. when a guest is in the building, the apertures can sense their movement and open or close, projecting them onto the wall surface. this urges them to acknowldge the present moment and to enter into a new realm of thought. the crack entry also serves a tokonoma, a major component of the japanese tea room, and further connects the user with time and presence. natural elements and forces slip through the crack of the house so a guest lost in meditation will still be aware of time and their place in the exterior world.
SUBURBAN TEA ROOM
second creek EAST BRIDGE
third creek FOURTH CREEK
KUWAHEE FOURTH CREEK
1 gardens gateway
storage tank lift station
“public invitation to station outposts” there is a prevalent disconnect between our community and its waterfront in knoxville. this project intends to address this issue by going a little deeper to reestablish a relationship between the public and the importance of water in general. the desire is to connect people with nature & water in the city and spark interest in our waterfront. stage 1 utilizes the presence of waste water treatment woven throughout the city and begins to invite the public to interact with it in some elementary way.
2 gardens extension
“kuwahee park and outfall meet & greet” stage 2 aims to leverage the pedestrian traffic on the public gardens at UT’s agriculture campus and the existing greenway to draw people into the kuwahee wastewater treatment plant. this will begin to engage the public with natural processes and water in the city as well as KUB’s role as stewards of our water. the out fall meet & greet allows the community to literally get their feet wet with the water coming out of the plant. this water is actually cleaner than the water already in the river.
3 retired infrastructures
“plant expansion for tertiary treatment” kuwahee has limited space to expand as it is pushed to the edge of the river and surrounded by UT facilities on all sides. a few concrete plants wedged in between the plant and the river and could be purchased for future expansion. kuwahee currently runs primary and secondary treatments before allowing water back into the river. stage 3 explores the idea of using this newly purchased land for tertiary treatment through natural processes found in a constructed forested wetland.
TNRIVER STUDIO_ wastewater
4 effluent outfalls
TNRIVER STUDIO_ everyoneâ€™s river
DOWNTOWN MAIN CAMPUS AG CAMPUS
NEYLAND DR KUWAHEE
2 3 4
STAGE 2 WASTEWATER
DEBRIS SCREEN GRIT REMOVAL
NUTRIENT REMOVAL EFFLUENT
kuwahee currently uses primary treatment to remove solid materials from wastewater and secondary treatment to biologically remove bacteria and other chemicals from the water. tertiary treatment is desired to remove any remaining inorganic compounds such as phosphates and nitrates that can be harmful to water quality and aquatic health. a constructed forested wetland will rely on natural processes to facilitate wastewater treatment. as water progresses through the planted system, any remaining phosphates or nitrates will be consumed as nutrients. the planted system will also act as a sanctuary for new plants and wild life to grow. the property will benefit the kuwahee plant for wastewater treatment, the community for public space on the waterfront, and the general health of local ecology. overall, it will become a place for the diverse members of our community to retreat and be educated about nature and water in our city.