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Your Community Magazine

November–December 2016 Nowemapa–Kēkēmapa 2016

November–December 2016 Nowemapa–Kēkēmapa 2016

Art 63 Spirits of Ocean and Land Wayne Levin and Jozuf Hadley team up for multi-media exhibit at Kahilu Theatre By Karen Rose

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87 Featured Cover Artist: Patricia Leo By Karen Valentine

Business 81 Managing with Aloha: ‘Imi Ola: We are meant to be Seekers By Rosa Say 100 Celebrating a Long Time Advertiser with Ke Ola Kona Boys, Inc.

Culture 12 Makahiki: The Hawaiian Winter Holiday A time of fresh beginnings By Leilehua Yuen

Health 25 Makahiki Resolutions New Year Resolutions By Leilehua Yuen

Home/Building 34 A Historic Family Business and Building How the Koehnen’s family roots correspond with a historic Hilo building By Megan Moseley | November–December 2016



20 Recycle Hawai‘i: Promoting Reuse in a Big Way By Paula Thomas 91 The Joys of the Season By Sonia R. Martinez

The information provided herein is not intended to be and does not constitute an offer or solicitation to sell and shall not be used in any state where prohibited by law or where registration requirements have not been met. Equal Housing Opportunity. Model photography is for illustrative purposes only. All square footages are approximate. Seller reserves the right to modify or change features, specifications, finishes, pricing, incentives and availability without notice. © 2016 Brookfield Residential Hawaii.

Music 82 Lale Kam: Walking Sunlight, Living Aloha By Kate Kealani H Winter

Ocean 26 How to See Papahānaumokuākea—And How to Say It! A visit to Mokupāpapa Discovery Center in downtown Hilo By Karen Valentine 79 Worldwide Voyage Leg 23 brought Hōkūle‘a to Sorel, Quebec, Canada—the furthest north that she will travel on the Worldwide Voyage.

People 39 The Spirit of Kohala Lives on at the Christmas Lū‘au By Jan Wizinowich 47 1500 shades of Aunty Betty Webster By Catherine Tarleton

Your Health. Our Mission.

53 Home Grown to Fulfill a Need Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union By Fern Gavelek 71 100 Years of Giving Hawai‘i Community Foundation celebrates a century of helping Hawai‘i Island By Denise Laitinen

Spirit 11 Kaulana Lekeleke By Kumu Keala Ching

Ka Puana -- Refrain 102 The Canoe Makerʻs Son By Cecilia Johansen

Crossword Puzzle Farmers Markets Island Treasures Hawai‘i Island Happenings Community Kōkua–Volunteer Opportunities Talk Story with an Advertiser

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Back issues of Ke Ola available for purchase.

15558 NHCH Ke Ola Magazine; 3.5 in w x 7.25 in h; cmyk | November–December 2016


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Advertiser Index

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ACCOMODATIONS Akaka Farms Vacation Rental Grand Naniloa Hotel Kīlauea Lodge Kohala Village Inn

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ACTIVITIES, CULTURE, EVENTS Aloha Performing Arts Co. 95 Average Joes Band 103 Body Glove Snorkel & Dolphin Cruises 2 Botanical World Adventures 48 Christmas in the Country at Volcano Art Center 95 Christmas Light Parade - Downtown Hilo 23 Dolphin Journeys 86 Emily T Gail Show 92 FairWind Big Island Ocean Guides 78 Hilo Black & White Night 33 Holualoa Village Coffee & Art Stroll 55 Holualoa Village Music & Light Festival 55 Kahilu Theatre 7 Kohala ‘Aina Festival 16 Kona Boys 65 Kona Choral Society Holiday Concert Series 94 Kona-Kohala Chamber of Commerce Bid for Hawai‘i 96 Ocean Sports 61 Palace Theater 32 Paleaku Peace Garden 98 Rainbow Friends Howling & Meowing Holidays 75 The Ghosts of Hiroshima performance at UHH 28 Waimea Ocean Film Festival 62


ART, CRAFTS, JEWELRY Ackerman Gallery Akamai Art Supply Blue Sea Artisans Cindy Coats Gallery Cliff Johns Gallery/Champions Wood and Fine Art Colette’s Custom Framing Dovetail Gallery & Design Dunphy Studios Gallery on the Green at Ho‘oulu Farmers’ Market Glyph Art Gallery Harbor Gallery & Charms of Aloha Holualoa Gallery Holualoa Ukulele Gallery Interpoint Art Hawaii Isaacs Art Center (at Hawaii Preparatory Academy) Ipu Arts Plus Island Scrapbooking Jeannie Garcia, Fine Artist & Oil Painter Kimura Lauhala Shop Kona Frame Shop Michael Arthur Jayme Gallery/Studio Mountain Gold Jewelers Pat Pearlman Designs Silver Botanica Jewelry Simple Elegance Gems Woodshop Gallery

3 66 19 67 88 50 54 88 49 55 64 54 54 5 41 54 28 62 55 69 70 62 54 70 40 70

AUTOMOTIVE Precision Auto Repair


Ke Ola Magazine recognizes the use of the ‘okina [‘] or glottal stop, as one of the eight consonants of (modern) Hawaiian language; and the kahakō [ā] or macron (e.g., in place names of Hawai‘i such as Pāhoa). Ke Ola Magazine respects the individual use of these markings for names of organizations and businesses.

BEAUTY, HEALTH, NUTRITION Alex’s World of Beauty 103 Bailey Vein Institute & Vein Clinics of Hawaii 46 Big Island Body Contours 60 Douglas Dierenfield, DDS 73 Dr. Ardolf & Associates 43 Hearts and Stars Day Spa 31 Hearts and Stars Salon 99 Jade McGaff, MD presents the MonaLisa Laser Touch 73 Joan Greco, DDS, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 56 Kona Integrative Health 55 Mālama i Ka Ola Holistic Health Center 55 North Hawai‘i Community Hospital 5 Reiki Healing Arts 90 Restorative Massage Hilo, Hope Delaney, LMT 56 Skincare by Peggy Ruelke, RN/Esthetician 98 BUILDING, CONSTRUCTION, HOME SERVICES Aloha Metal Roofing 101 ArborHI Professional Tree Management 103 Colette’s Custom Framing 50 dlb & Associates 101 Closets ‘N Things 67 Fireplace & Home Center 68 Hamakua Canvas Co. (Upholstery) 93 Hawaii Water Service Co. 76 Hawaii Electric Light Co. 88 HomeWorld Furniture 37 Indich Collection Hawaiian Rugs 15 Kona Frame Shop 69 Mason Termite & Pest Control 72 Pacific Inspection Group 96 Plantation Interiors, Teak Garden & Lanai 69 Renewable Energy 85 Smart Plumbing Hawaii 38 Statements 59 Tai Lake Custom Furniture 66 TR’s Property Shop, LLC 16 Trans-Pacific Design 51 Ture.Pure.Clean.Hawaii Cleaning Service 72 Water Works 74 Yurts of Hawai‘i 84 BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL SERVICES 101 Financial Education 103 A Wealth of Wisdom, Book Design and Publishing 90 Action Business Services 101 Aloha Plus Storage & Packaging 60 Ano‘ano Care Home 24 Employment Experts 22 Hana Hou Hakalau 86 Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union 14 Hawai‘i Island Adult Care 97 Lee Mattingly, Attorney 61 Mailboxes–the Business Center 60 Star Tutoring, LLC 74 State Farm Insurance, Robert Shimabuku 103 StorQuest Self Storage 62 SuperGeeks 103 The UPS Store 90 PETS Aloha Pawz Maika‘i Veterinary Clinic, LLC Keauhou Veterinary Hospital, LLC

43 101 8

REAL ESTATE Cindy Griffey, RS, MacArthur & Co.|Sotheby’s Claire K. Bajo Spiritual Real Estate Coldwell Banker-Daylum Properties Hamamkua Coast Realty Hōlua Kai at Keauhou Lava Rock Realty Kelly Shaw, RS, Koa Realty Kimi White, RB, Rainbow Properties Koa Realty Pacific Isle Lending Group, LLC Paradise Found Realty Wailana Herbst, RS, Elite Pacific Properties

76 29 92 93 4 10 104 51 54 101 101 103

RESTAURANTS AND FOOD Big Island Juice Daylight Mind Restaurant and Café Hilo Shark’s Coffee Hilo Town Tavern Holukoa Gardens & Café Ho‘oulu Farmers Market Kailua Candy Company Kanpai Noodles & Sake Kings View Cafe Kohala Grown Market Kohala Village Hub Pub Kona Coffee & Tea Lucy’s Taqueria Mr. Ed’s Bakery Nakahara Store Organo Gold Healthy Coffee & Tea Pāpa‘aloa Country Store & Cafe Peaberry & Galette Standard Bakery Sushi Rock & Trio

33 42 70 33 54 49 72 33 3 3 36 86 32 70 3 88 68 19 88 3

RETAIL AND GIFTS Aloha Kona Kids Backstage Dancewear Basically Books Bell, Book & Candle Calabash Collectibles Glass from the Past Hands of Tibet Hawaii Marine Center Hawaiian Dolls Island Clutter Consignment Shoppe Kadota’s Liquor Keauhou Shopping Center Keauhou Store Kiernan Music Kings’ Shops Kona Commons Shopping Center Kona Stories Nakahara Store Pāpa‘aloa Country Store & Cafe Paradise Found Boutique Parker Ranch Store Puna Kamali‘i Flowers Queens’ MarketPlace Queens’ Holiday MarketPlace The Spoon Shop

24 32 32 33 38 70 30 101 50 88 90 18 54 88 44 58 19 3 68 19 52 75 44 45 40

TRAVEL Jet Vacation Travel Agency

Send us your comments, letters, and photos! We accept email, snail mail, submissions through our website, or posts on Facebook.



The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness. [Its sustainability depends on doing what is right.] Proclamation by Kona-born King Kamehameha III in 1843. Later adopted as the Hawai‘i state motto.

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Showcasing Kahilu Theatre’s Steinway Concert Grand Piano

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Barbara Garcia, 808.345.2017,


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Customer Service, Subscriptions

Sharon Bowling, 808.557.8703,

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Creative Design

Miki Aoki Friday, February 24, 6pm

Michael Mark P., Creative Director, Mana Brand Marketing 808.345.0734,

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With a backdrop of night skies, ocean breezes, Kahilu Gold events benefit the Arts Ed @ Kahilu programs.

Submit online at (go to Contact menu) Community Kōkua volunteer opportunities Editorial inquiries or story ideas Request advertising rates Worldwide Delivery 808.329.1711 x4, order online at, Subscribe@KeOlaMagazine, or mail name, address, and payment of $30 US/$48 Canada for one year to: PO Box 492400, Kea‘au, HI 96749. Contact us for international rates. Subscriptions and back-issues available online. © 2016, Ke Ola Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved

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Makana Friday, February 10, 5pm

John Cruz Sunday, March 12, 5pm | 808.885.6868 67-1186 Lindsey Rd, Kamuela | November–December 2016

Exceptional artists performing in intimate, beautiful locations on Hawai‘i Island.



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From Our Readers ✿ Aloha, A quick note to express my appreciation for Leilehua Yuen’s fine article about Rapid Ohia Death in July–Aug 2016 issue. Mahalo for such a thorough and thoughtful piece. Catherine G. Tripp San Rafael, CA ✿ Aloha, I just want to drop a note that your information on page 54 of the Sept–Oct 2016 issue contains an error. I confirmed with Jack [ Jeffery] that it is not 350 honycreepers that evolved from the rosefinch. It is 56. Source: 2011/nov/02/hawaiian-honeycreepers-tangled-evolutionary-tree Hans R. Hemken Pāhoa, Hawai‘i ✿ I loved reading this story [Uncle Aku] The knowledge, planning, timing, location, preparation before hand, only proves once again how intuitive the island people were with nature and the continual balance of living and harvesting from both the ‘āina and the sea. I miss the storytelling of my relatives, as we gathered when my family was visiting the islands, revealing the Hawai‘i of my parents’ youth. A fabulous story. Dale Ku‘umomi Deacon Grass Valley, CA

A Hui Hou!

✿ Aloha Ke Ola Readers, This is my last issue as Editor of Ke Ola Magazine. It’s been a pleasure to help tell the stories of Hawai‘i Island that are dear to my heart for the past four years. One is in this issue—Aunty Lale Kam (p82)—I love this woman! Barbara Garcia, the owner and publisher of Ke Ola Magazine, has decided to have the editor and production staff work out of an office in Hilo. Having lived in Portland OR for a number of years, where there was lots of rain, I’ve “been there, done that.” Abundant blessings to the new team, and the magazine. Renée Robinson, Editor We welcome your input and feedback. You may submit a letter at under the contact tab.

As we enter the Makahiki season and close out our eighth year of publishing, we give thanks. We are genuinely grateful to have such a high level of support from our community. From the kumu (teachers) who teach us so much about their culture and heritage, to our writers, artists and staff, and to each and every one of our advertisers, this magazine is dedicated to you. I may be the publisher, however I knew very little about publishing when Karen Valentine and I first started Ke Ola Magazine. My background was in the operations and sales/marketing aspects of running a business. Karen had the journalism background, along with technical and creative know-how, plus her industry connections. When I became the sole owner in 2012, it was time for our first big shift. Renée Robinson came on board as editor, while Karen remained as one of our favorite writers. Renée guided Ke Ola Magazine through its next chapter of growth, and we are grateful for her help. Now it’s time for Ke Ola’s next chapter. As we plan for 2017, we are excited to centralize our editorial, graphics and production departments to downtown Hilo. This will give us the opportunity to be more cohesive, with more streamlined and efficient systems in place. The timing of this change came about with the growth of our business and retirements from some of our ‘ohana. It is with grateful hearts that we bid aloha and a hui hou to: Renée Robinson, as editor; Sonia Martinez, our local agriculture and recipe writer, who is retiring (again) to spend more time in her garden and writing cookbooks; Richard Price, our production manager, is also retiring once more; and our story designers, Michael Portillo and WavenDean Fernandes from Mana Brand Marketing, are moving onto other projects. I can humbly say, without each of you, Ke Ola Magazine would not have become the award-winning magazine it is today, and again, I am forever grateful. Looking forward, we are currently working with our new editorial, graphics and production team for the January/February 2017 issue and will be pleased to introduce you to them with the first magazine of next year. The rest of our ‘ohana remains the same... I’ll still be helping businesses with growth strategies; Gayle Greco will continue to oversee the management; you’ll be seeing Sharon Bowling delivering magazines all over the island; and my husband, Eric Bowman is still our bookkeeper. We all look forward to continuing our dialogue with you! As for the November/December issue that you are reading, it is filled with stories of community service and foundations, historic buildings, kūpuna talk story, holiday events, and more. There are so many more Hawai‘i Island stories yet to be told. We look forward to sharing those with you in 2017 and beyond. Have a wonderful holiday season! Aloha pumehana, Barbara Garcia, Publisher

Peaceful Evening by Patricia Leo See her story on page 87 | November–December 2016

✿ A Farewell, After five years of sharing about the food bounty of our island, the time has come to bid my Ke Ola readers a fond farewell. I have made the decision to retire from this facet of my life and dedicate more time to writing cookbooks, and other pursuits. I have enjoyed working with everyone I’ve come into close contact with at Ke Ola and will miss the deadlines (not really!) and back and forth e-mails and phone calls. I have made friends for life with Barb, Renée, and Sharon, and know that will not change. Look for one of my articles in the 2017 Hawai‘i Island Weddings, Honeymoons, and Special Occasions magazine. A hui hou! Sonia R. Martinez, Writer

Aloha from the Publisher


Kaulana Lekeleke A ‘ e, Kaulana Lekeleke | Na Kumu Keala Ching

Eō e Keauhou, kaulana Lekeleke Kaua pili kapu, kapu o Kuamo‘o Mālama ke Akua, Akua o Pili Kūka‘ilimoku Akua ko Kamehameha ē

Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o iho nō Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o a‘e nō Kekuaokalani, he ali‘i kō Kona Wahi kapu kō ke ali‘i, ali‘i o ke kapu I uka ke kāhua, Kāhua ma Kuamo‘o Mānono ka wahine, he wahine kaulana ē Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o iho nō Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o a‘e nō ‘Ike wale ka pilina, ke ali‘i kō Kona Ua malu ke Akua, Akua Kūka‘ilimoku He kapu kō ke ola, Ola ho‘i i ke kapu Malu o Māihi, Malu o Kualanui

Rejoice Keauhou, Famous is Lekeleke Battle of sacredness, Sacred is Kuamo‘o Cared for the God, God of Pili Kūka‘ilimoku, God of Kamehameha Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o below Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o above Kekuaokalani, A chief of Kona Sacred place of the chief, chief of the sacredness High above a foundation, foundation at Kuamo‘o Mānono a woman, a famous woman indeed Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o below Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o above Observed relationship of the chief of Kona Cared for by the God, God Kūka‘ilimoku Sacred lifestyle, life returns to sacredness Protected by Māihi, Protected by Kualanui Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o below Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o above

Paio Liholiho iā Kekuaokalani Pau ke ali‘i ola, Mānono koa kaua Eō e ke kapu, Kapu o Kūka‘ilimoku Ho‘i ala Kūka’ilimoku, ho‘i ‘o ia ē

Battle between Liholiho and Kekuaokalani A death of a chief, Mānono wahine warrior Rejoice sacred one, Sacred God, Kūka‘ilimoku Kūka‘ilimoku returns, return Kūka‘ilimoku

Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o iho nō Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o a‘e nō

Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o below Famous Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o above

Puana Keauhou, kaulana Lekeleke Kaua pili kapu, kapu o Kuamo‘o Mālama ke Akua, Akua o Pili Kūka‘ilimoku, Akua kō Kamehameha

Rejoice Keauhou, Famous place is Lekeleke Battle of sacredness, Sacred is Kuamo‘o Cared for the God, God of Pili Kūka‘ilimoku, God of Kamehameha

‘O Kuamo‘o kahi kaua kapu iā Kekuaokalani lāua ‘o Mānono me Liholiho ala. Ma laila nō e mālama ho‘i i ke kapu kō Hawai‘i nei me Kūka‘ilimoku akā na‘e ua pau ke ali‘i ‘alua, ‘o Kekuaokalani lāua ‘o Mānono. Eia ke mele i ho‘ohali‘a ‘ia nei iā Kuamo‘o ma Lekeleke. Honoring the sacred battle of Kuamo‘o, restoring the sacredness of Hawai‘i! Sacred loss of a chief, honored by a woman, Mānono! We pay tribute to the Kekuaokalani and Mānono at the Battle of Kuamo‘o on the grounds of Lekeleke. Kūka‘ilimoku, God of Pili, cared for by Kekuaokalani given by Kamehameha I. Contact writer Kumu Keala Ching: | November–December 2016

Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o iho nō Kaulana Lekeleke, Kuamo‘o a‘e nō



The Hawaiian Winter Holiday A time of fresh beginnings

Procession of the Makahiki banner with the Royal Court. Kamehameha Schools Hawai‘i Campus in Kea‘au

| By Leilehua Yuen | November–December 2016



ong before Christmas was celebrated in Hawai‘i, we had our own winter holiday—the Makahiki. Makahiki can be a confusing word. It means “year,” “new year,” and also refers to the months-long season that heralds the new year in the Hawaiian calendar. Since the Hawaiian cultural renaissance began in the 1970s, more and more people are renewing celebration of the Makahiki. Depending on the group, the modern celebrations may be held any time from late October to late December. Some people celebrate it on the weekend of the American Thanksgiving holiday. It is celebrated with games and food, and some groups even raise the great Makahiki banner over the festivities, as in ancient times. In a modern take on the collection of food and goods, some schools and churches include a food drive for items which are then donated to charity. In ancient times, as the old year drew to a close, the priests associated with certain temples on the western side of each inhabited Hawaiian island would watch for the appearance of specific stars or constellations. On the island of Hawai‘i, they watched for Makali‘i—the Pleiades—a star cluster that appears in the evening sky in our October. When the priests could finally distinguish Makali‘i in the

eastern sky shortly after sunset, they announced the next new moon would begin the Makahiki season. This was a time when warfare and most work were prohibited, and the people celebrated with games and sports. Peter Michaud, Public Information and Outreach Manager at the Gemini Observatory here on Hawai‘i Island and former Planetarium Manager for the Bishop Museum in Honolulu, O‘ahu, says “I would guess there were probably heiau (places of worship) which had stones or some kind of protruding object which would show where Makali‘i would rise. The observer would watch for them at twilight. The time they could be seen would be variable, depending on atmospheric conditions, such as clouds and haze. It wouldn’t have been really exact, because that’s just the nature of these types of observations. . . Today we use a computer to figure out exactly when the Pleiades would rise at sunset.” The Earth wobbles slightly as it spins through space. This wobbling takes many thousands of years to complete one full cycle. Yet, when the Polynesian explorers were arriving in Hawai‘i 1,500–2,000 years ago, the Pleiades rose about three days earlier than they do now. In practical use, however, this makes little difference to a four month festival and a rainy season which can vary by several weeks.

Mō‘ī (king) and retainers.

The exact method of calculation varies between districts and even families. This year, 2016, if one uses the dark sky rising of the Pleiades, Makahiki begins with the Hilo moon (beginning of the waxing crescent) on October 31. If one uses the earliest sighting of the Pleiades, Makahiki begins with the Hilo moon on December 1. The Hawaiian calendar marks the new day at nightfall, rather than midnight. Details of the Makahiki varied from island to island and district to district. In general, Lono, as the god of fertility, held sway over the islands in this season. His image made a clockwise circuit along the coast of the island, with the celebrations beginning just before his arrival, and ending at his departure. The entire time Lono was traveling, warfare across the entire island was forbidden. Most work was also forbidden, and on specific days the kapu, the religious laws, were relaxed to allow people to farm or fish so that they would not starve. Before the arrival of Lono-Makua (Father Lono) to preside over the Makahiki in a given district, taxes were collected in the form of offerings to Lono-Makua. The offerings included vegetables, taro, hard taro paste, sweet potatoes, chickens, dogs, dried fish, clothing, rope, feathers, feather lei, and anything else of value or

Students performing hula for the Makahiki Court.

needed for daily life. These things would support the functioning of the royal court to some degree in the next year. Also, a ceremony lasting four or five days was held. This was called the Hi‘u-Wai (water splashing). Since the chilly months had arrived, fires were kindled on the beach. The people then bathed ceremonially in the sea, warmed and dried themselves at the fires, and then put on new clothing in honor of the new year. The image representing Lono-Makua was made fresh each year. It was a long pole with an image of Lono at the top and a crosspiece just below the image. From the crosspiece were hung banners of white kapa, feather lei, and stuffed pelts of the kaupu bird (Laysan albatross). This image was known as the “Long God” of the Makahiki because it took the long way around the island, traveling throughout the season. On coming into the district, Lono-Makua would be set up, as well as the Akua Pa‘ani, the god of sports. The eyes of the high priest would be blindfolded. The people then spent the next several days in sports and festivals. Demonstrations of boxing, spear throwing, sled riding, and other games and sports entertained the people of the district. The carriers of the Long God were fed by the household of

The Makahiki Court | November–December 2016

Chanting during the procession of the Makahiki banner


the district chief. His wife would clothe the image in a new malo (loincloth) and the chief would present it with a whale tooth lei. The rain-bearing clouds arriving from the south-east were pointed out by the priests as signs of Lono’s coming, and the priests prayed to Lono-Makua for fertility for the land and for abundant harvests. Throughout the ceremonies, the commoners and chiefs each had their own religious, as well as secular duties. The commoners prayed that the lands of their chiefs would increase in size and prosperity, and for the health of themselves and their chiefs. And, they prayed for success in their various endeavors. The chiefs prayed for health, prosperity, and many descendants. It was felt that as the chiefs prospered, so would the lands and the people. Meanwhile, an image called the “Short God” was borne in the opposite direction through the uplands. The upland people followed it as it traveled, gathering bundles of fern shoots to eat. The Short Gods were attached to a specific district, so upon reaching the opposite edge of the district, the Short God, unlike the Long God, returned to its place of origin. When the Short God returned, a bonfire was lit. If the night had clear weather, it was considered an omen of prosperity. The following day the blindfold was removed from the high priest’s eyes and a fishing canoe was sent out. While those men fished, others gathered fern shoots from the forest. When the canoe returned, the male chiefs and other men ate a meal of the fish, probably with the fern shoots. This was repeated for several

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days. On the last day, the chiefesses and other women also ate the meal. At the end of the district celebration, the priests would say a prayer to set the land free. The Long God was turned face down and carried away to the next district where the process began all over again. The full circuit probably took the four months of the Makahiki season, yet no one district would have been under kapu and unable to work for the whole four months. The kapu on labor, and the games and feasting would have been in effect only during the time the gods were in the district.

Trick tug-of-war— students balance on stones while pulling!

On the day Lono-Makua returned at last to his district of origin, the high chief went to the sea to bathe. After being purified, the chief and his warriors took their canoes out to sea. This possibly was a reenactment of a portion of the legend of Lono. The high chief and his warriors then returned to shore where they were met by a group of warriors set to resemble an opposing army. As the chief jumped ashore from his canoe, a retainer expert in the art of spear warding accompanied him. An opposing warrior threw a spear at the chief, and it was struck aside by the retainer. The opposing warrior then touched the chief with a second spear. That afternoon, the two armies held mock battles and the high chief made offerings to Lono-Makua and the Short God. The next day a feast was prepared. It spent the night steaming in the imu (underground oven), and at dawn the feast was ready. All of the community took part in this sacred feast. Anything left over was Racing through obstacles kept warriors fit during peacetime.

Pōhaku Ho‘oikaika (stone throwing). | November–December 2016

Pa‘ume‘ume—two-person tug-of-war.


carefully disposed of, much like modern communion wine. The same day, the Makahiki images were dismantled and placed in the temple. Other ceremonies which closed the Makahiki festival included filling a net with large meshes with various foods. The net was shaken and watched to see how much fell through the meshes. If everything fell through, the following year would be prosperous. A woven basket was also filled with food and lashed between the booms of an outrigger canoe. It was paddled out to sea and cut loose to drift as an offering. Orders were given to cut timber for new structures within the heiau. An unpainted canoe was put to sea and paddled back and forth signaling the lifting of the kapu on fishing, farming, and other work necessary to daily life. While the common people now could return to their normal lives, the chiefs and priests continued wrapping up the religious observations. Then, over the next few days, the high chief was purified in a series of ceremonies and the remaining kapu lifted from various activities. At last the ceremonial duties were over. The high chief, the high priest, and the man who beat the ceremonial drum took a final sacramental meal of pork. The new year could now begin. ❖

Photos courtesy Kamehameha Schools. Kamehameha Schools Hawai‘i Campus in Kea‘au is one of the educational institutions perpetuating Hawaiian culture through their ‘Aha Makahiki, an on-campus peer-to-peer event in which seniors host workshops for the underclassmen. Mahalo to the staff and students for allowing us to feature their photos. Contact writer Leilehua Yuen: Bibliography Native Planters in Old Hawaii: Their Life, Lore, and Environment; Handy, E. S. Craighill and Handy Elizabeth Green; Bishop Museum Press; 1972 Nā Pule Kahiko: Ancient Hawaiian Prayers; Gutmanis, June; Editions Limited; 2009

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The newly restored Grand Naniloa Hotel is excited to welcome you with aloha and the spirit of hula.


Keauhou Shopping Center



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Recycle Hawai‘i:

Promoting Reuse in a Big Way

Keauhou Reuse Center | November–December 2016



ecycle Hawai‘i, a nonprofit organization based in Hilo, has a stated goal to increase resource awareness and to encourage recycling and sustainable practices in our community. Its mission? To promote resource awareness and recycling enterprises in Hawai‘i. On Hawai‘i Island, where there is no formal municipal waste pick up and a relatively short history of recycling, Recycle Hawai‘i has led the charge to educate about waste, implement recycling programs, and reduce the volume of waste that makes its way to our landfills through reuse programs. According to the Final Report of the Big Island Reuse Feasibility Analysis prepared for the Clean Hawaii Center back in 2000, the “purpose of a reuse program is to capture used, and certain new items and materials that still have some useful life, before they reach a county landfill, and return them to productive use. Reusable items may be: Used items that are in good enough condition to continue serving their originally intended functions or alternate functions. Used items that can serve as sources of spare parts for similar items. New items that cannot be sold as new for various reasons (e.g., blemished, damaged, out of date, discontinued, low demand), yet can still serve originally intended purposes or alternate purposes.” The key features of a recommended reuse program, according to the Report, are what more or less became the guide for the first reuse/recycle center on the island set up with USDA funding. In 2003, Recycle Hawai‘i and the County opened the Kea‘au

| By Paula Thomas Reuse and Recycling Center (KRRC). Today, KRRC is the flagship reuse center on the island with sister centers in Pāhoa, Keauhou, Kealakehe, and Waimea. Over the past two years, KRRC and the Pāhoa station diverted a monthly average of 23 tons of reusable material from the East Hawai‘i landfill for a total of 560.5 tons, with 461.3 of that attributed to KRRC alone. The story in West Hawai‘i is similar: more than 280 tons were diverted from the landfill with the Waimea Transfer Station accounting for about half of that. The beauty of these reuse stations is that people can bring ALL unwanted household items to one location (the transfer stations). Their bottles and cans go to the HI5 receptacles; newspapers and cardboard and greenwaste go into appropriate containers. Now items like clothing, hardware, recreation, sports and training equipment, electronics, books, latex paint, and “miscellaneous household” can be dropped off at the reuse stations. Once it’s sorted, anything reusable is for sale. At KRRC, there’s a solid wall of books. Clothing is displayed on beautiful racks thanks to the closing of Sports Authority. In the construction area, there is lumber, PVC pipes, and joints cached adjacent to a cluster of porcelain toilets, and lots of latex paint is available by the gallon and five gallon container. KRRC has the largest expanse of land and so is conducive to the storing and stacking of construction equipment. The other reuse centers are much smaller. Some are just

Clothing and household goods for sale in the shelter at Kea‘au Recycling & Reuse Center. photo by Paula Thomas

On all other days, everything is for sale at bargain-basement prices. Clothing goes for $1 for five pounds and $5 for up to 50 pounds. The big scale is right by the cashier desk. There are mothers with children who shop for clothes and toys, young people looking for home accessories, women who shop for handbags and accessories, people browsing books, tools, checking out the workout equipment. These stations are open seven days a week during business hours (8am to roughly 5pm—see the sidebar for exact times and directions) and open every day of the year except Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year’s Day. They are situated at the transfer stations, so they can be readily discovered. If you haven’t noticed them, look for the bamboo shelter at Keauhou, Kealakehe, and Pāhoa. At Waimea, it’s the small building that is used by both Recycle and the HI5 program. At Kea‘au, you can’t miss the enormous shelters. They came from one of the County departments and call direct attention to the reuse program. For those who want to donate, you can simply bring unwanted clothes, old gym equipment, baby paraphernalia, used books, old kitchenware—almost anything reusable—to Recycle Hawai‘i and you will get a donation form in return. Bring useful items that will provide new owners with either cost-effective, energy-efficient, and/or reliable service benefits. The staff are helpful and accommodating, passionate about what they do, highly empathetic, and dedicated to the community. There isn’t much they won’t do to assist people in finding what they need. Some of them rarely take a vacation. Waimea Reuse Center

bamboo shelters not equipped to take in construction materials, at least not at the present time. Wherever possible, however, Recycle Hawai‘i has a storage container available to house all other donated items so they can be kept safe and dry before being sorted and resold. At some of the centers, especially Kealekehe, there just isn’t enough capacity (even with the container) to accommodate all the donations. Any excess gets hauled to KRRC. For the staff at all locations, sorting through all the donations takes up the bulk of their time, yet it is essential for their mission: to divert as much from the waste stream as possible. What can get resold or reused is put out for sale, and the rest gets “thrown away.” Let’s be clear, there’s no “away.” Away means it’s bound for the landfill. In three years or so, the landfill will be full, according to Paul J. Buklarewicz, executive director of Recycle Hawai‘i. The reuse program is a win-win-win for Recycle Hawai‘i, the community, and Hawai‘i Island. Recycle Hawai‘i generates revenue from sales. The community has new access to low-cost items that can be used or repurposed, and less waste makes its way to the landfill. That is the overarching goal. So, if it happens that you or someone you know are looking for really low-cost items, visit the reuse centers. At most centers, the clothing is free on Thursdays, and the Kea‘au location also offers free clothing on Mondays. Get there early!

The second shelter at KRRC with cashier’s desk in the center and clothing, accessories, books inside. photo by Paula Thomas

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Kealakehe (Kailua-Kona) Recycling & Reuse Center

At KRRC, in front of the reuse area, there are three HI5 recycle bins that are just for Recycle Hawai‘i. Put your bottles and cans in those bins—and you are supporting the staff Christmas party, a Thanksgiving gathering, or a pau hana (after work) event.

Diversion | November–December 2016

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It was determined in 2015, that about 54% of the Hilo landfill is composed of organic waste. Diverting that organic material is in the near-term plans and a $10 million initiative was recently announced for a massive composting program. That means one day you could be going down to the reuse station for your mulch! In 2008, Recycle Hawai‘i began working to collect materials from renovated buildings and new construction sites with the idea of reselling construction and demolition materials. In one sixmonth period in 2009, Recycle Hawai‘i was able to divert 200,000 pounds of material from the landfill. To put that in perspective, a doublewide mobile home weighs about 120,000 pounds. The space shuttle weighs in at about 165,000 pounds. Now, seven years later, Recycle Hawai‘i is working through the Leadership In Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program to identify LEED construction projects around the island. LEED guidelines require that a certain percentage of material is recycled, and the higher the LEED rating for the project, the more that has to be recycled. Recycle Hawai‘i, with its main office in Hilo, has run tremendous educational programs on how and why to recycle, reuse, and compost. It’s developed outlets all around the island for the proper disposal of all kinds of hazardous and non-biodegradable waste, from used motor oil to electronic waste, all for the purpose of preventing unnecessary disposal of items into the landfill. This saves us all money (estimated at roughly $80 per ton), conserves landfill space, and provides low-cost items for anyone interested. It also prevents hazardous and toxic waste from causing undue harm. Darlene Woolford at Waimea Reuse Center

Hilo Office: 145 Keawe St., Hilo 808.933.86600

Kona Office: 74-5583 Luhia St., Kailua-Kona 808.329.9089

E mp l o ym ent - Exper t

Its programs have been so successful and artfully creative that their outreach is still a fixture in the schools. It was many decades ago that recycling as a community and household responsibility started to take hold across the United States. Conversations about waste disposal called attention to the words used to refer to waste removal, like throw out the trash, throw away the garbage. Trash is the stuff you get rid of because it is no longer wanted or needed; garbage is discarded animal and vegetable matter, as from a kitchen; or any matter that is no longer wanted or needed.

Executive Director Paul Buklarewicz of Recycle Hawai‘i photo by Paula Thomas

Downtown Improvement Association

31st Annual



All this we get rid of by throwing it “away”, forgetting that there really is no “away” when you live on an island. Unless we are jettisoning all of our trash and garbage into outer space, “away” is simply a euphemism for the fact that we give our garbage to someone else to deal with. All of the “stuff” that you throw “away” goes somewhere, and if your stuff is not biodegradable, it’s going to be at that somewhere for a long, long time. Resource management, instead of waste management, has become a new focal point for planning. The County of Hawai‘i supports the reuse and recycling efforts across the island, and even more could be done more quickly with a bigger budget. According to an article in Waste to Wealth, “...Recycling has become... a permanent part of U.S. daily life. More people recycle every day at home, school, and work than vote regularly in

Christmas Light


Saturday, November 26, 2016 | November–December 2016

Pāhoa Reuse Center


elections. The impact has been dramatic.” There is more we can all do. It starts with thinking about what we do with things we no longer want before we throw them “away.” If it’s usable, take it out of your garbage bags and bring it to a Recycle Hawai‘i reuse station instead. You’ll be doing yourself, Recycle Hawai‘i, and our island a great service. ❖ Mālama Nā ‘Āina Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Contact Recycle Hawai‘i:, 808.969.2012 Contact writer Paula Thomas: Photos courtesy Recycle Hawai‘i Sources: php?topic=24.0 | November–December 2016

Keauhou Reuse Center


REUSE STATIONS HOURS OF OPERATION Kea‘au Recycling & Reuse Center (KRRC) Open Daily, 8am–5pm 16-921 Keaau-Pāhoa Rd., Kea‘au on Rte. 130 going towards Pāhoa. Waimea Reuse Center (WRRC) Open Daily, 9am–4:30pm A mile below Waimea town center on Hwy. 19 Follow Solid Waste Transfer Station sign. Pāhoa Reuse Center Open Daily, 8am–4pm Apaa St., mauka of Pāhoa Village Road. Keauhou Reuse Center Open Daily, 8am–4pm On Māmalahoa Hwy., 3/4 mile north of Honalo junction. 808.315.2745 Kealakehe (Kailua-Kona) Recycling & Reuse Center Open Daily, 8am–4pm 74-625 Hale Māka‘i Pl., mauka of the police station. 808.238.2978

It begins with the first step.

Ke Ola Pono: Makahiki Resolutions

New Year Resolutions | By Leilehua Yuen


akahiki, Christmas, and the New Year all are times of fresh beginnings. Many people make resolutions at this time to do better or be better in the coming year. While making resolutions is common around the world—according to some researchers, about 50% of us make such resolutions—fewer than 10% of us actually keep them for a full year. What’s going on? Are most of us weak-willed? Are we lazy? Do 90% of us just make resolutions that are too hard to keep? Ah. Now we are getting somewhere. Research has shown that to be effective, a resolution should meet two critical criteria. It must be: • SPECIFIC • REALISTIC

Change one thing at a time. Trying to live up to a whole batch of resolutions can get overwhelming and discouraging. We can get so overwhelmed that we just give up on the whole kit and kaboodle. Selecting the one that is most important and working on that, we are far more likely to succeed.

“Get in shape” is not specific. Because it is undefined and amorphous, it is not quantifiable and it is hard to visualize. “Walk two miles per day” is specific. This is clearly defined, concrete, and quantifiable. It is easy to visualize. The better we can visualize a goal, the more likely we are to achieve it. Of course, if the goal is unrealistic it is unachievable. By setting unachievable goals, we only train ourselves for failure. Once a specific and realistic resolution is made, there are a number of techniques we can use to help ourselves meet it.

Look for rewards. Every day we can find at least one good thing that came from working on the resolution. If we focus on that, instead of on the mistakes, it helps us to keep moving toward the goal.

Start small. Little steps make long journeys. Every time we take a step that succeeds, we train for success. Those successes add up!

Expect ups and downs. We will miss gym dates, have an extra snack, sleep late, be too tired to journal. If we know that it will happen and already plan to be kind to ourselves, identify what went wrong, and get back on track, we will be less likely to waste energy and time with beating ourselves up. Keep track of progress. Sometimes the best way to avoid discouragement about how far we have to go is to look back at how far we have come. Keeping a journal, a chart, or even posting progress on social media gives us a record that we can look back at and say, “Wow! I had no idea I’d come so far!” Remember that change takes time. We are all works in progress. It took our whole lives to get where we are. It will take the rest of our lives to get where we are going. But if we keep taking those small steps, we can make the journey better and better! Contact writer Leilehua Yuen: | November–December 2016

Enlist friends and family as a support group. Choose people who are actually supportive of that specific goal. Sometimes, even people who love us will undermine our efforts by enabling bad behavior. An example is the partner who rewards us with our favorite cake every time we start to lose weight. Another is the friend who begs us to go out nightclubbing when our resolution is to finish writing a book.

Break it into steps. Sometimes, the goal is a big one, and there is no getting around it. We can break those into smaller steps and work on one at a time, setting mileposts for progress. We can predetermine rewards for achieving each milepost, and then be sure to enjoy them at the appropriate time.


How to See Papahānaumokuākea— And How to Say It!


know. Those long strings of letters are difficult—if not impossible—to pronounce. Yet it shouldn’t keep you from exploring and visiting a real gem of a visitors’ attraction in Hilo. Mokupāpapa Discovery Center is the primary interpretive center for the Northwest Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument—more correctly named Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Not only is it located in an exquisite historical building with a rich history in itself, its exhibits are interesting and intriguing to all ages. (see story on page 34) Before we jump into learning about the Discovery Center, let’s tackle the name pronunciation issue. It helps to first split up the words into parts and understand their meanings in Hawaiian. Second floor space for functions and presentations

Mokupāpapa starts with the word “moku” (mo-koo). It means island in Hawaiian. Pāpapa (pah-pah-pah) means a place that is low or flat, such as an ocean reef. In this case, Mokupāpapa is a description of all the tiny atolls, islands and reefs that make up Papahānaumokuākea National Monument. Yes, another, even longer word! OK, you notice that Papahānaumokuākea has that word “moku” in the middle, meaning island. It’s actually the name for a string of 10 islands, atolls, and numerous smaller sandy islets, beginning northwest of Kaua‘i and Ni‘ihau and extending 1,200 miles, all the way to the atolls of Midway and Kure, which are famous for a WWII naval battle. These are the Northwest Hawaiian Islands. Split up the name: Papa-hānau-moku-ākea Two species in the aquarium have never been collected before

A group of visiting school children learn about the Hawaiian Archipelago, Ka Pae ‘Āina Hawai‘i Nei.

A visit to Mokupāpapa Discovery Center in downtown Hilo | By Karen Valentine (pronounced Pa-pa-hah-now-mo-koo-ah-keh-ah). There are four words that make up the one big one. Taken apart it can translate as; “Papa” (earth mother), “hānau” (birth), “moku” (island), and “ākea” (wide or sky father). It describes a fertile woman giving birth to a wide stretch of islands beneath a benevolent sky. The name Papahānaumokuākea was devised from the ancient Hawaiian story of the genealogy and formation of the Hawaiian Islands. Papahānaumoku is a mother figure personified by the earth and Wākea is a father figure personified in the expansive sky; the two are honored and highly recognized ancestors of Native Hawaiian people. “Their union resulted in the creation, or birthing, of the entire Hawaiian archipelago––thus the naming of the monument is Visitors by the signature koa staircase in the Koehnen building

to honor and preserve these names, to strengthen Hawai‘i’s cultural foundation and to ground Hawaiians to an important part of their history. It also is a symbol of hope for the continuing regeneration of Hawai‘i from the kūpuna islands in the far northwest to the youngest, the island of Hawai‘i,” said Virginia Branco, interim director of the Discovery Center. The center’s location in Hilo is appropriate as it is close to where the newest island, Lō‘ihi, is still being formed, on the opposite end of the island chain from the kūpuna or oldest islands to the northwest. Since most people will never have the opportunity to visit these remote islands, the center seeks to “bring the place to the people” and spur greater public awareness of the region and ocean conservation issues. “Hilo is also a good location because of its connection with Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park and all the visitors coming here,” Virginia says. “In our new facility, the nature and culture of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands come alive as never before, transporting visitors to this remote ocean wilderness where predators rule the reefs, the skies teem with swooping, screeching seabirds, and the Native Hawaiian chanting of the Kumulipo (Hawaiian creation chant) sets the mood for exploration and learning,” states the Mokupāpapa website. The Mokupāpapa Discovery Center (MDC) was first established in 2003 in a small space in the S. Hata Building in downtown Hilo. In 2014, it was expanded and moved into the much-larger Koehnen Building on the corner of Kamehameha and Waiānuenue Avenues. Most people remember the building as the home of Koehnen’s Furniture, an 87-year-old family business headed by now-92year-old Fred J. Koehnen. With no family members wishing to continue in the business, the patriarch sold the building to Giuseppe “Joe” Mamone, who leases it to the MDC. The historic structure was built in 1910 by H. Hackfield, a German immigrant who lost the building in 1916 when World War I was beginning and it was confiscated by the U.S. government, which considered the property an enemy-owned asset. It was then sold to an O‘ahu sugar company, American Factors (Amfac). Amfac moved out following Hilo’s 1946 tsunami and the building stood vacant for several years before its purchase by Koehnen and his brother-in-law, Carl Rohner. Subsequently, the solid structure and furniture store survived another tsunami in 1960. Architectural features, including a koa wood staircase (designed by the same artisan that did the A Laysan Albatross chick (Phoebastria immutabilis) makes its home at Midway Atoll. The island is visited by almost two million birds every year. | November–December 2016

A hula performance at the Grand Reopening celebration for Mokupāpapa is held in the upstairs event room, which is also available as a rental to other groups.


famous Titanic staircase), Hawaiian hardwood floors, and high ceilings have been well preserved and integrated with the MDC exhibits and presentation areas. “We were really excited to get this place,” said Andy Collins, education programs coordinator for the center. “It was an opportune time. We were really looking to get out of our old location and we love the building. We’ve gotten a lot of comments from people who come to see the exhibit and remember the building and what it was like in their childhood. People start to cry—they’ll say, ‘Wow, I remember this place, thank you for restoring it.’ So that wasn’t intended, but it’s been really neat.” “We are blessed with this large opportunity to come into this building,” says Virginia. The center encompasses approximately 30,000 square feet of total space. A large room on the second floor may be booked for special functions. “We offer the facility to other organizations. It has been used for conferences, especially those focused on marine or conservation issues. The event room holds 225 people. With downstairs spaces included, we have had up to 700 people at past events.” Busloads of school children often arrive on the corner of Kamehameha and Waiānuenue to explore the center. “We get anything from home school groups, Tūtū and Me preschool visitors, as well as elementary, high school, university classes, and some visiting from other islands and out of state. The

In August of this year, the boundaries of Papahānaumokuākea were expanded, enlarging the Marine National Monument from 139,797 to 582,578 square miles.

first month we were open, 42 school groups visited. We have had significant numbers all year long,” says Virginia. The staff has created a series of educational games and handouts for children, who can join the Ocean Guardian Club. It’s a self-directed project, in which they finish the activities in a booklet and then take a pledge to care for the ocean. Mokupāpapa welcomes volunteers, which they call “mea kōkua.” They may be adults, retirees, interns from UH-Hilo, or high school students doing senior projects. With the help of volunteers, the center can do outreach into schools and presentations at local events. Groups may also

We have more than 100 fish collected from the wild under strict permitting guidelines within the marine monument. They are caught as juveniles and quarantined, treating them for parasites and any health issues before adding them to the aquarium. Some of the fish in our aquarium are found only in Papahānaumokuākea. Some are found there and elsewhere. Two of the species here have never before been collected alive and in captivity. Several of them are unknown and still being studied.” “In all of our years, we’ve had a very healthy tank, keeping fish for a long time,” says Virginia. “Visitors get a chance to see these fish in their natural environment, as closely as possible,” Tim says. “You’d be surprised how many kids born and raised here have never been in the ocean. They don’t even know what’s under the water.” The extensive coral reefs found in Papahānaumokuākea are home to more than 7,000 marine species, one quarter of which are found only in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Many of the islands and shallow water environments are important habitats for rare species such as the threatened green sea turtle, the endangered Hawaiian monk seal, three endangered whale species, the endangered leatherback and hawksbill sea turtles, as well as the 14 million seabirds representing 22 species that breed and nest there. Land areas also provide a home for four species of birds found nowhere else in the world, including the world’s most endangered duck, the Laysan duck. Interactive educational exhibits at the Discovery Center let visitors explore these amazing islands in different ways.

Volunteers such as Patricia Richardson and Cindy Among-Serrao train to provide a variety of services at MDC

meet at the center or down by the ocean for education and tide pool activities. A 3,500-gallon saltwater aquarium is a major exhibit at Mokupāpapa. It is managed by a professional aquarist (fish and aquatic caretaker), Tim Brown, who “has been caretaking aquariums for many years,” he says. The aquarium is filled with artificial seawater, which is kept in pristine condition. Tim described the process: he begins with tapwater filtered with reverse osmosis and deionization, adding a synthetic sea salt. “It is a closed system. We can’t use seawater from Hilo Bay. One of the reasons is that it has so much fresh water in it.

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The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument was established by Presidential Proclamation 8031 on June 15, 2006 under the authority of the Antiquities Act. Just this year, it was expanded in area as of August 26, when President Obama signed a proclamation expanding the Monument from 139,797 to 582,578 square miles of the Pacific Ocean—an area larger than all the country’s national parks combined. It is also the nation’s first and only mixed natural and cultural UNESCO World Heritage Site. Commercial fishing and other resource extraction activities, which are currently prohibited within the boundaries of the existing monument, are also prohibited within the expanded monument boundaries. Noncommercial fishing, such as recreational fishing and the removal of fish and other resources for Native Hawaiian cultural practices, is allowed in the expansion area by permit, as is scientific research. ❖ | November–December 2016

Derek Watts and Ron Kittle, both UH Marine Science volunteers who were later hired to work at MDC, are shown here at the Liquid Robotics Waveglider exhibit. Both have continued their careers in Marine Science and remain involved with MDC and Papahānaumokuākea.


“Exhibits showcase the latest research going on in the monument as they find new species,” says Virginia. “A collaboration between Liquid Robotics, Inc. and UH-Hilo features the Wave Glider, which collects weather and water quality data from ocean currents. We also have life-size models of wildlife found in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, artwork inspired by those islands and Hawaiian culture, and many interpretive panels in both Hawaiian and English. New features and new educational programs are being added.” Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is the largest contiguous, fully-protected conservation area in the world. It is co-managed by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the State of Hawai‘i, plus the Office of Hawaiian Affairs (OHA).

Contact Mokupāpapa Discovery Center: Papahanaumokuakea. gov/education/ center.html Contact writer Karen Valentine: karenvalentine808@ Photos courtesy Mokupāpapa Discovery Center The Ocean Guardian program is part of the Office of National Marine Sanctuary children’s programs. Volunteer Derek Watts poses with Baladev Maynard, showing his certificate pledging to be a good steward of the ocean. Keiki are welcome to join just by asking at the front desk.

H E A R T S & S T A R S

Queens’ MarketPlace - Waikoloa Beach Resort UH-Hilo student Jenna Rubin did her Marine Science Internship with MDC. Every year, UH and local high schools request MDC to mentor students. Jenna created this Life on the Reef exhibit to help keiki visitors enjoy a more hands-on experience.

Interim Director Virginia Branco by the exhibit telling the story of the origin of the name Papahānaumokuākea. photo by Karen Valentine

Professional aquarist Tim Brown manages the MDC’s 3,500 gallon aquarium, home to 100-plus fish collected from the Northwest. Hawaiian Islands so visitors can view fish found nowhere else in the world. photo by Karen Valentine

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Mokupāpapa Discovery Center is located at the corner of Kamehameha and Waiānuenue Ave. in Hilo. Regular business hours are Tuesday through Saturday from 9am–4pm. Admission is free. You can take virtual tours of the major islands with Google Street View. Go to Virtual Tour on the website:

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A Historic Family Business

How the Koehnen’s family roots correspond with a historic Hilo building

The old Hackfeld Building, now the Koehnen Building. | November–December 2016



n the bustling street of downtown Hilo’s bayfront, visitors and residents alike often stroll by a bright green building that hugs the corner of Kamehameha Avenue and Waiānuenue Street. To residents, it’s called the “old Koehnen Building.” The numbers “1910” protrude from the upper part of the facility in bright white lettering, alluding to its antiquity. These days, most people are drawn to this iconic location for the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center (MDC), an interactive museum honoring Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, or to visit one of the other stores located nearby. What some may not know is this edifice significantly symbolizes one family’s history. Until recently, 92-year-old Fred J. Koehnen and his family owned the 106-year-old building when he sold it to Giuseppe “Joe” Mamone of G.E.K. Mamone & Sons LLC, a former tenant of Fred’s. The transfer marks the end of an era for Hilo and the Koehnens.

Building “Anew”

A lot has changed since brother-in-law Carl E. Rohner and Fred bought the building for F. Koehnen, Ltd.

For starters, the family’s well-known furniture store no longer occupies the space. In its place is the MDC, that acts as an arena for excited children eager to play with one of the many interactive displays and visitors looking to learn more about the National Monument. (see story on page 26) The MDC took over the facility in 2014, and Fred has said on multiple occasions that the center was a “match made in heaven.” Fred was quoted in multiple newspapers describing his enthusiasm for the MDC, saying it was a perfect way to give back to this small island community. A few doors down is the newest resident, The Locavore Store. Owners Catarina and Arthur Zaragoza-Dodge became tenants when they decided to move locations from Pāhoa during the June 27, 2014 lava flow. Catarina says what impresses her the most about the building is its historic elements. “The big staircase we have in there was originally built by the same guy who built the staircases on the Titanic, which is crazy!” she says joyfully. Next to The Locavore Store is a jewelry shop called Anela’s Jade and in the back is where the new owner holds his flooring samples. Joe says he used to sell his floors out of the Koehnen’s

and Building | By Megan Moseley

The outside of the old Koehnen Building on a sunny Hilo day.

A view of the main floor of the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center as seen from the historic Koehnen staircase.

old furniture store and moved in the back when the store shut down. After purchasing the building, he says he really doesn’t have any plans to change the place. “I’m just going to leave it as it is for now,” he says. Like everyone else who knows the Koehnens, Joe describes them as “a really good family.” Arguably, nobody in the Koehnen Building knows this family better than Kellie DeRego, who has worked for the Koehnens since she was 17, 38 years ago. “They’ve known me from my high school days to right when I got married to when I had my daughter. When she was a baby I would bring her to work with me and she would be in my desk drawer,” she jokes. “They’re wonderful to me. I love them.” So how is it that this adored family landed in Hilo and how is it that the Koehnen Building came to be?

An older photograph of the Koehnen family.

If Walls Could Talk

If the walls of the Koehnen Building could talk, it would be a story of how one German immigrant made his way across the globe only to find a home in the middle of the Pacific. Fred’s father, Freiderich “Fritz” Wilhelm Koehnen, was born in Bremen, Germany. He was an only child who, according to Fred, Visitors enjoy the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center in the old Koehnen Building in Hilo.



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had a somewhat difficult upbringing that inspired him to search for greener pastures. So, in 1908, at the ripe age of 19, Fritz traveled across the Atlantic Ocean to Ellis Island. From there, he journeyed through the mainland by railroad and finally ended up in Hawai‘i by ship. He landed in Hilo and went to work as a bookkeeper and general clerk for H. Hackfeld & Co., one of the main suppliers and owners of sugar plantations at the time. Owner Heinrich Hackfeld, a German sea captain, eventually acquired the entire block of land on the bayfront through to Shipman Street (located behind the Koehnen Building). He decided to build what would come to be known as the “Hackfeld Building,” and many years later would become the Koehnen Building. In 1910, the Hackfeld Building came to life. It was built by hand with a concrete basement and concrete perimeter walls. According to a document provided by Fred, the walls consist of 12-15 inches of concrete reinforced with embedded steel rails that were two stories high. Some of the floors were made from ‘ōhi‘a. Koa wainscoting and a grand koa staircase were later constructed. The building was located across from the main Hilo railroad that ran all the way to Volcano and up the Hāmākua Coast. One could only imagine what Hilo must have looked like during those days. After only two years in Hilo, Fred’s father Fritz had to move back to Germany to serve a mandatory year of service in the German army. He loved Hawai‘i and didn’t want to leave, but as fate would have it, all was not lost. While back in Germany, Fritz A fish tank in the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center located in the old Koehnen Building in Hilo.

Kids & Adult Ballet

with Joanie Collins and Delphina Dorrance

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Keiki & Adult Ceramics with Heidi Roberts

Open Ceramics Studio | November–December 2016

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Hip Hop, Salsa, Line Dancing, Burn Dance Fitness with Michal Anna Carrillo

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ended up meeting the love of his life. The story of how Fred’s mother, Katharine “Kate” Bocker, and his father met could be a romantic classic on its own. Their paths crossed while taking ballroom dancing classes, they fell in love, and got engaged. They planned to move back to Hawai‘i and get married. Fritz left for Hilo in hopes of bringing the future Mrs. Koehnen over as soon as possible. However, with the onset of World War I, it would be seven years before they could say their vows. Katharine stayed in Germany until 1921, when she could finally make her way to Hawai‘i. Knowing almost no English, she also traveled across the ocean to Ellis Island, and then made her way across the United States mainland by train before making it to Honolulu by ship. Fred’s father was waiting for her upon arrival and they got married that day.

“When one considers the long distance engagement that extended over seven years with only spotty letters over that span, it speaks of the now forgotten culture of a past era when commitment was truly commitment,” says Fred.

As History Would Have It

Prior to Katharine’s arrival, Congress had enacted the “Trading with the Enemy Act” and all German-owned assets in America were confiscated, including H. Hackfeld & Company where Fred’s father worked.

The Koehnen family gathers for the opening of the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center.

The company was sold to a consortium of Honolulu businessmen who renamed it “American Factors,” later shortened to Amfac. Amfac became one of the notorious “Big Five,” the largest businesses in the Territory of Hawai‘i who were known for dominating politics and the economy during that time. The trade of the company resulted in Fritz losing his job. Lucky for him, he had established relationships with other businessmen in Hilo and he was able to find work as a bookkeeper for several businesses in town, including the Hill Optical Company. The company was owned and operated by former politician and businessman W.H. “Doc” Hill. Fritz continued to work with the Hill Optical Company throughout the 1920s, when Fred and his sister were born. By 1929, Fritz took over the company and created F. Koehnen, Ltd. He transformed the business into a store that would sell home amenities such as fine china, crystal, and eventually furniture. They operated out of a building on Kamehameha Avenue and the business continued to grow during World War II. Time marched on and Fred ended up joining the military while his sister married army officer Carl Rohner. Carl later joined forces with Fred and his father to help manage the business. They continued to operate out of the same location until the tragic 1946 tsunami hit the island. When the tsunami struck it destroyed much of downtown Hilo and many of its buildings. While the Koehnens’ business survived relatively unscathed, other businesses suffered greatly. The Hackfeld Building also survived the catastrophic event, however, | November–December 2016


the wave wiped out its lumberyard and building materials facility. That was enough to cause Amfac to move, leaving the Hackfeld Building up for grabs.

Coming Full Circle

By 1947, Fred joined the family business to help relieve his father who was suffering from some health problems. His sister, Helie H. Rohner, remained as part of the overall management. It was truly a family business. Less than a decade later, in 1956, Fred and his brother-in-law decided to buy the old Amfac building. Thus completed the story of how the Koehnen Building came to be. “The building went full circle,” he says. For years they sold tableware, giftware, and furniture in what is now the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center. The business survived another tsunami in 1960. This time they weren’t as lucky. Fred jokes that “the worst part was cleaning up the mud, debris, fish, and eels left behind!” In 1964, Fred left the family business, handing it over to his sister and her husband. The family name grew in recognition and they eventually branched out to the west side of the island. As the years passed, things changed. There was no family left who were interested in continuing the business, so the shop “reluctantly closed.” The Kona branch shut down in 2009 and the Hilo store closed its door at the end of 2012. In an article about the building, Fred reflected on the moment:

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“Thus ended the saga of over 83 successful years of retailing on the Big Island.” One can only imagine the nostalgia Fred and his family has for the building. To those passing by, it may just look like another old Hilo structure, however, to the Koehnens it will always be so much more. It will always be, in one way or another, home. ❖ Contact writer Megan Moseley:

A visitor enjoys information at the Mokupāpapa Discovery Center in the old Koehnen Building in Hilo.

The Spirit of Kohala

Lives on at the Christmas Lū‘au


| By Jan Wizinowich

he story of the Hawi Christmas Lū‘au is the tale of a plantation community finding and holding its heart. Although sponsored by the Mormon Church, the entire community participated, beginning weeks in advance. You offered what you had, whether it was something from the garden, a special skill, or the labor of your hands. “The branch president would decide when the lū‘au was going to be and then have a meeting to work on it. Theyʻd go out and ask people and they’d say, ‘No worry. We take care.ʻ Everybody knew about it. It was the talk of the town,” says Aunty Audrey Veloria, retired Kohala Elementary teacher.

Beginning Traditions The first Hawi Christmas Lū‘au was held at the original church site in Niuli‘i, just past Keokea Road on the left, which featured a gym as well as a chapel. “The church always had a lot of activities; dances, sports, and all that. I came back here and became the branch president in the 60s and they already had the lū‘au going,” says George Hook. The Christmas Lū‘au was a time of inclusion and connection. Although plantation life at Niuli‘i was organized around various

ethnic camps, the preparations and the events leading up to it brought people out with offerings of aloha. “My dad was telling me before when they had all those different ethnic camps, they would go from camp to camp and it was just a celebration of different traditions. He used to go with Elmer Lim and they would serenade all the different camps. My dad would dress up in one pāpale (hat) and he would take one of my gram’s mu‘umu‘u and he would sing and dance,” says Gwen (Tita) Sanchez, daughter of Armstrong and Gwendolyn Yamamoto. When plantation life changed, so did the location of the church and the lū‘au. “It had to do with the transition of plantation camps. They used to have camps all over Kohala and then they were moving it out to subdivisions by the main road—Kynnersley, Hala‘ula. Everybody was moving away from Niuli‘i,” says George. The community needed a new center and Bill Sproat decided to do something about it. “Bill went to Mr. Sterns, the manager of Kohala Sugar Company, to propose a deal that would give the Mormon Church the gym (now True Value Hardware in Hawi) and the property around it,” says George. “Because of the faithfulness and the quality of the LDS workers at that time the management decided to give the church the gym and all the surrounding property for a really good price,” he adds. That was in 1961 and by 1963 a new chapel had been built and dedicated. 39 | November–December 2016

Gwen Yamamoto demonstrates laulau wrapping with Earl Veloria and George Hook.

Aunty Audrey as emcee at the 2015 Christmas Lū‘au at the Kohala Village Hub.

Kapeliela. Before they didnʻt have string or foil to put it in so you learn the old way. He would show us how to tie it in. One day, he was given the assignment to do it. His grandfather and his brother came and tried it and said, ‘Okay. It was good’. It had to pass them before it could go out.” Agnes Aniu was the maven of kulolo (Hawaiian taro/ coconut pudding). “This is something that was so remarkable about this lady. We would make so much of it that they would be in #3 galvanized tubs. She would go from one tub to the other and take a sample and say, ʻOh, this one needs one cup of The first Hawi Christmas Lū‘au was held at the original church site in Niuli‘i.

Connecting with Food and Feeding the Soul | November–December 2016

There was more happening than just food preparation. The lū‘au food came from the land and the knowledge and traditions of the kūpuna (elders). “It’s a good time to pass on tradition. The Hawaiian way of teaching is to do. They learn to bond with older people by being there,” says Uncle Earl Veloria, retired Kohala teacher and basketball coach. Armstrong Yamamoto and his wife Gwendolyn took care of some of the essentials such as laulau and the imu. Their daughter Gwen says, “I remember when it was in Niuli‘i in the chapel and my dad, Armstrong Yamamoto, telling us that he learned to make the laulau from his grandfather, Solomon


Aunty Agnes Aniu

Christmas Lū‘au skit

sugar.ʻ Then sheʻd go to the next one, ʻOh, this one needs one cup of honey.ʻ How she came to that, I donʻt know, but when it was cooked, it was all delicious. She had a touch. Her own way of identifying and tasting,” says George. For lū‘au, according to Earl Veloria, “You need pork and you need poi.” The pork was often supplied by the Sproats who monitored the beach trail where the pigs tended to run. “We had a source of poi from up in the mountains,” says Earl. This was Rose Loke and Shoichi Maeda’s lo‘i in Pakulea Gulch. “Itʻs a type of poi thatʻs not served anywhere else. Only Kohala. The taro is called pololū. It goes back many generations. The common name among the Kohala people is bakatade. In Japanese it means hard headed and it’s hard to work with. It feels like wood when you grab a hold of it,” says Earl.

The poi was cooked in large drums and ground up several days before the lū‘au. “The bakatade stays fresh tasting for days. Most Hawaiians like it a little bit sour. Itʻs an acquired taste,” says Earl. When the taro was harvested, the lū‘au leaf tops could then be used for laulau. “Sometimes we had chicken laulau. They cut up whole chickens so you couldnʻt just put it in your mouth without the other hand pulling out bones. No store bought chickens,” says Earl. Along with being the captain of the imu, Armstrong harvested the ‘ōpae (shrimp). “My father would go up in the mountain in the stream and they would catch the ‘ōpae in nets. He had the eye to see it and we couldnʻt even see it,” says Gwen. “Mom cooked the crab, the ‘opihi (limpets), and the ‛ōpae with garlic and Hawaiian salt,” she added.

Cooking up Stories “The cooking took place right here. Right in the back of the chapel here. I used to like that because weʻd stay up all night and talk story. All the different things about parents, grandparents and all the different Hawaiian traditions would come out,” says George. The lū‘au leaf stems were chopped and cooked up for a late night snack. “They would cook the lū‘au leaf stems and make kind of a stew. They knew that the laulau would be cooking all night, so they would come and sit and visit and that little ono (good)

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on display at Isaacs Art Center from November 8, 2016 to January 7, 2017. The artifacts featured in the display are from the attic and tool

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Christmas Lū‘au kanikapila

food was there for the work men. Then they had hot water for Hawaiian tea and cocoa,” says Audrey. | November–December 2016

Final Preperations as Family and Friends Gather


The spirit of the Hawi Christmas Lū‘au calls absent family and friends home. “It was the coming home to what we remembered. The excitement of knowing that your friends, your cousins are all working together. I remember carrying the pakini (bucket) on the stairway going into the gym and laughing,” says Gwen. “It was a gathering of everyone,” she adds. All those away from home organized their lives by the lū‘au, not wanting to miss the chance to reconnect, infusing them with aloha for the next year. “The families would schedule to be here at that time. Wherever they were, they would try to figure out how to get home for Christmas. The true gift was the interactions and the stories that made you feel part of something, that you belonged,” says Audrey. Like the food preparation, folks made use of resources at hand for decorations. Someone cut a tree that was decorated with whatever could be found. Maybe tinsel one year and chains and popcorn. The tables were constructed using the gym’s bleachers placed on saw horses. The center of the tables were adorned with ti leaf, ferns, plumeria, and ginger. “Ti leaf with fern evolved over the years and we started looking around the community and worked with what we had. Anything we had. Mac nut leaves, pine cones, pine tree branches. One year Jenny Cheesbro crocheted little ornaments,” says Audrey. It wouldn’t be a lū‘au without music and so a stage was added to the preparations. “The stage had a platform, steps up the side, curtains and bamboo and banana for backdrop,” says Audrey. “Every family presented a number and when they started everybody got inspired and it just kept going,” she adds. Inspiration came easy with the plethora of musical families from Kohala: The Lim’s, Poli‘ahu’s, Kupuka‘a’s, Pule’s, Sproat’s, and Manuel Kapeliela. Of course it wouldn’t be Christmas without Santa. “They would sing to invite him to arrive. Sometimes Jingle Bells five times and then they would hear the bell. The Santa suit was worn every year and whoever helped Santa with it had to do a little make up work. Maybe it was too long and it was starting to fray or maybe it needed a wash. No matter,” says Audrey. “The gifts were simple in a brown bag. Candies from Nakaharaʻs and maybe a tangerine.”

People brought their specialties to share. Jenny Chesebro made red, green, blue haupio. “Mary Ann Lim would make her Lincoln pudding. It was a recipe her family kept for years and years,” says George. “You could know the ingredients but you wouldnʻt know the special touch that was in it. Family secret,” adds Earl. “And then all the mea ‘ono (cakes), from the people who made them good. You had the Filipino noodles and Japanese sushi, Chinese red pork,” says Audrey.

Changing with the Times Although the gym is no longer available, the Christmas party continues to be an annual tradition at the Mormon Church. “Times have changed. The community has gotten smaller, some have moved away. Some have passed on, so we have a different generation today,” says George. “As far as the Christmas party, we have it every year and we invite people to come,” he adds. Two years ago, Lehua Ah Sam, then Programs Director of the Kohala Village Hub, decided to bring back the lū‘au. “I knew that we needed an event to “friend-raise” in the community, so I went to talk with our grandfather Henry Ah Sam. He suggested to me that I look into the Christmas Lū‘au, a fond memory of his as a child growing up. Our first Christmas Lū‘au was successful because all the community groups came together.” Much like the previous lū‘au, the Christmas Lū‘au at the Hub is a showcase of year-long endeavors and community activities and includes Hawaiian music, hula and an array of crafts. “Every year a different group handles the food. All traditional Hawaiian. Last year it was the seniors from Kohala High School. The families were all involved,” says Traci Figueroa, Hub Programs and Events Coordinator. “It’s an event that brings our Kohala community together. The event was a huge success. We plan to continue to work with our community to throw a wonderful holiday event, celebrating those things that make Kohala, Kohala.” “Connecting the community. That’s what the Hub is all about,” says Traci.❖

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Guinness World Record holder Aunty Betty Webster shares her Waimea home with a few friends and a vast collection of sunglasses.

| By Catherine Tarleton


unty Betty Webster and I are having lunch at a local restaurant. She walks in, grabs two menus, and sits in the first booth, facing the door. Aunty, Waimea’s official “sunglass queen” is sporting big bright yellow shades with pinup girls in the corners. Everyone who comes in smiles at her. “Have a seat anywhere you like,” she says to a customer. “The menus are right there, and the girl will be with you in a minute.” A German couple comes in, wife looking a bit nervous. “The restrooms are over there,” says Betty, always the hostess. The waitress brings her a Pepsi, substitute for her preferred choice, Coca-Cola, one of what she calls her “five vices.” We order sandwiches and fries, and she changes sunglasses, stowing the

pinup girls in their drawstring bag and pulling out a glittery gold pair she’s chosen to accessorize her outfit. Her eyes fill the double O’s in “COOL.” She’ll change a couple more times before we leave. Betty has the world’s largest sunglass collection—1,506 to date, and growing. On October 2, 2015, she was awarded the Guinness World Records certificate proclaiming hers the largest collection of sunglasses in the world, and her achievement “Officially Amazing.”

1999 “I was working at the Bay Club, doing crafts, dancing hula, and teaching hula,” Betty says. “They hosted a New Year’s party for | November–December 2016

1500 shades of Aunty Betty Webster


1/2 page (3.5w X 9.75v) Proof 2: 5/19/16.

Design Copyright by MARKETING SOLUTIONS NORTHWEST. All rights reserved. 509) 927-9965 Some of Aunty’s shades, like the Hula Dancers pair, were handmade for special occasions. | November–December 2016

the guests and came up with these glow-in-the-dark glasses that said 1999. They had 2000 the next year, and I was working at Koa House Grill at that time. I called my niece and asked her to look in the computer and see if they have these funky glasses.” Her niece certainly did find the funk, as did friends and family members, and a growing fan base, always on a hunt for the most unique and outrageous. “I started wearing glasses as a conversation piece, just to make people smile, to make them laugh,” she says. “When I got to 500, I thought, ‘I want to get into the Guinness Book.’ And when I got 500, I thought I’d better go for 1,000.” Betty worked as a hostess for some of Waimea’s favorite former restaurants: Koa House Grill, Daniel Thiebaut, Pakini Grill, and Tante’s, as well as Mama’s House Thrift Store. “The customers would look for them and bring them or send them to me. I used to go to Vegas too, and the next thing you know I got to 1,000 in no time and said to myself, ‘I think I’d better go for 1,500.’” She has them all—Elvis, Uncle Sam, monsters, and Minions. Some have windshield wipers that work. Some light up. Some are homemade for special occasions. Several are R-rated. One oddly artistic pair, covered in barnacles, was found by her son Barry at the bottom of the ocean. “My goal is to get to 3,000. Because I’m 87 right now, I want to see if I can get it before I turn 90,” she says with a smile.


The Uncle Sam glasses come out for the 4th of July, and there are shades in the collection corresponding to every holiday.

Sunglasses of every imaginable color, shape and style are sent to Betty from her friends and fans around the world.

“I kept on dancing and dancing till I was older,” she says. “I danced at Waikīkī, at the Academy of Arts on Beretania Street, during the war at the USO, the YMCA. We went to different camps and performed for the soldiers.” Her kumu had left O‘ahu when the war started, so she and some of her hula sisters went to Kumu Bill Lincoln. “He was a famous singer and hula instructor at the same time as Maiki Aiu was in the business,” says Betty.

Working Girl

Betty graduated from Maryknoll High School, Class of 1948, and went almost immediately to work at Pearl Harbor as a clerk. She worked her way up to being secretary to the “big chief,” the civilian in charge of her department. “He had so many groups under him. All the trades, like

Small Kid Days

pipefitters and welders,” says Betty. “When he retired, I saw all these ‘apprentices’ coming in and making more money than me, and I thought ‘there’s something wrong with this system.’ I told the outgoing boss I wanted to go into blue collar.” “I became the Tool Room attendant for Shop 06,” she says. “I had to learn what they all were, but it didn’t matter. I knew a lot of the boys. Oh, I knew what a hammer was, but if it was something like a specific drill bit, I’d say, ‘You know what brah’, come this side and get it yourself.’” | November–December 2016

Betty Lei Maile Solomon was born on April 25, 1929, and raised in Kalihi on O‘ahu by her mother Mary Agatha Yap. Her father, Arthur Solomon, had joined the National Guard during WWII and was injured in France. “He saved his troop when a mine blew up. He was in Letterman’s Hospital in San Francisco for years. After his discharge from the military, he moved in with some friends because he did not want to be a burden for his family,” says Betty. I asked if she remembered the attack on Pearl Harbor. “I used to stay with my aunt, and we got 25 cents to put in the collection plate at church,” Betty recalls. “Somehow we always got change—dimes and nickels. Beretania Street had this okazuya (In Japanese, okazu is food with rice, and ya is store) with sushi, sweet potato, and things for five cents. When we came out [of the shop] we looked up in the sky and saw all these planes going over. We said ‘What are they doing? God is punishing us ‘cause we didn’t put all the money inside the collection plate!’” “When we got to my aunt’s home, she said ‘Get in the house and close the door. Japan just bombed Pearl Harbor!’ Then we had to stand in line to buy poi.” She learned to dance hula at age nine, when her mother took Betty and a cousin to classes taught by Kumu Hula Tom Hiona. They danced at the Royal Hawaiian Hotel in the 40s, when renown falsetto singer George Ka‘ainapau was performing there.

Sporting her gold “Cool” shades in a local restaurant, Aunty greets every customer who enters.


On the weekend, she was in charge of all of the tool shops, and had to ride a bicycle between them. It was the only thing she didn’t like about her job. “I would put it up against the building, hold it there and push off,” Betty says. “I had to wear a hard hat and safety glasses. The boys would see me and say ‘Hey Betty!’ and I’d say ‘Shut up.’” One boy she did not tell to shut up was Jack Webster from Hawai‘i Island. They met on the volleyball court, on opposing teams. She doesn’t remember who won the game, however, she never forgot the tall, handsome Scotsman. It was love at first sight. Not long after, Jack took a job picking strawberries in California. He went to see her father in the hospital, who afterward wrote to Betty. “He said, ‘Don’t marry him. He’s an alcoholic.’” Betty says. “I wrote back to him, ‘It takes one alcoholic to see another one.’” The two were married and raised four boys, Jack Jr., George, Barry, and Duane. The three oldest went to Kamehameha Schools. “Duane is a surfer,” says Betty. “When he had his interview and they asked him why he wanted to go to school there, he said ‘I don’t; my parents do.’” She proudly tells me that Duane now teaches autistic children to surf, traveling all over the East Coast. “I tell him ‘you were meant to do that, even if you never went to Kamehameha School.’”


Betty coordinates her sunglasses wardrobe with a mu‘umu‘u from her collection of 300.

She and Jack talked about moving to Hawai‘i Island when he retired. They visited in 1996—when Betty retired after 33 years at Pearl Harbor—and he drove her to where his family had lived, Pāhala. Betty says she dozed off and missed it. She had a sister-in-law in Waimea and Betty loved it there, even though Jack thought it was too cold. “I told him, ‘I ain’t living any other place but Waimea,’” says Betty. “I didn’t tell him I had arranged to put in a heating system.” Jack had scheduled heart surgery in Honolulu later that year. Betty and three sons came to Waimea to transfer the Hawaiian Home Lands property and get it ready for Jackʻs arrival. Duane stayed in Honolulu. Tragically, Jack injured himself in the hospital; he suffered torn stitches and severe bleeding then went into a coma, and died about 3am.

It took Betty about a year to get back to Waimea. She was uncertain; felt like she had no friends there and nothing to do. Meanwhile, her son Jack had a position with Tupperware, and encouraged her to try selling the products to get out of the house and be with people. She had all kinds of reservations, but “Everybody was so nice, I got into the spirit,” she says. “They made me feel comfortable.” Time passed, Tupperware sold, and Betty went to Waimea. She remembers looking at the yard, the grass overgrown into the flower beds. Originally from Hawai‘i Island, Jack Webster met future wife Betty Solomon on O‘ahu, while she was working at Pearl Harbor.

Good Young Days

Today Betty dances with Kumu Hula Buzzy Histo and Kalikokalehua Hula Studio. She’s a proud grandmother of five

After Livingroom

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Aunty Betty with her hula sisters and brothers, and Kumu Buzzy Histo swept the 2015 Kūpuna Hula Competition.

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PHOTO: Mary-Kay Cochrane

“I worked in the yard little by little,” she says. “I cursed at my husband and said ‘look what you got me into. I never had to work in the yard before!’” However, she kept at it, bringing the house in Kūhiō Village to life with her flowers, her little dogs, her collection of Coca-Cola memorabilia, stuffed animals, and eventually her sunglasses.


“Once you get married and have a family, that’s it,” Betty says. “You’re confined until the children get older, then you have to go look for a job, and what kind of skills do you have? Don’t raise a family yet, until you can get yourself established and have some kind of fun. Once you commit yourself, those good young days are gone.” Somehow, I would bet Aunty Betty has plenty of good young days left—to collect her 3,000 sunglasses, and make people smile.❖ Contact writer Catherine Tarleton: Lola, a constant companion, poses for a photo at Aunty Betty’s feet. | November–December 2016

and great-grandmother of four. She volunteers at North Hawai‘i Hospice every week and goes to Las Vegas as often as she can. She’s also a breast cancer survivor since 2014. After our lunch, she tells me she has a lot to do to get ready for the weekend. She’s going to O‘ahu to attend a lū‘au at her granddaughter’s law school, and her son’s hānai son Lance’s daughter’s wedding. That means different mu‘umu‘u (from her collection of 300) and assorted shades to coordinate with each outfit. Before she goes, I ask if she has any advice for young women, just starting out. “If kids nowadays are smart enough, they would try to continue school if they can,” she says. “If you can go to college, that’s great, you’ll have better opportunities to get a job.” She would also advise girls to enjoy being single for a while.


Also not camera-shy, Momi welcomes visitors to Aunty’s Waimea home.

Albert Shimizu

Haruyoshi Akamatsu

Satoru Omoto

Wilbert Okada

Home Grown to Fulfill a Need Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union | By Fern Gavelek

Walter Tanaka

Yosoto Egami


Yasuki Nakagawa

Above: Founders of the Kona Farmers Federal Credit Union; not pictured: Kiyoshi Oka and Takeo Matsumoto. photos courtesy HCFCU and Kona Historical Society

usinesses come and businesses go, however, the Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union (HCFCU) endures after 80 years. With a charter membership of struggling coffee farmers, the credit union has evolved over eight decades to serve people from all walks of life. How it came to be is a story of caring, necessity, and enterprise. After the U.S. abolishment of contract labor in the early 1900s, Kona became an attractive haven for former sugar plantation workers wanting a different life. According to The Kona Coffee Story: Along the Hawai‘i Belt Road, Japanese coffee growers were 80 percent of Kona’s coffee farming population in 1910 and by 1930, Filipinos were 12 percent of Kona’s population and “the second largest work force in the coffee industry.”

These independent-minded workers either picked coffee for farmers, or leased land and sold their coffee to a mill. Either way, the coffee industry was a major economic driver and its rigor dictated everyday life along the slopes of Hualālai and Mauna Loa—the Kona Coffee Belt. After the U.S. entered WWI, coffee prices soared and Kona farmers enjoyed prosperity. Coffee growing was a family venture. Everyone was enlisted, young and old, to prepare the fields, plant and prune the trees, pick the red-ripe coffee cherries, process the fruit, dry the coffee parchment, pack and deliver. Starting in 1932, public schools observed a later “summer break” from August to November, so keiki (children) were available to work harvest time. Grand Opening Day in 1973 when the KCFCU opened a modern Kealakekua Branch with a wave roof design.

In 1947 the credit union rented a coffee shack as the main office. It was located next to where the Kealakekua Branch is today.

Yoshiichi Ujimori

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Celebrating 102 Years

Window shopping at the Music & Light Festival. (Right) John Keawe at the Kona Hotel last year.

Saturday Evening December 3, 2016

Historic Holualoa Village lights up at dusk with its 20th annual Music & Light Festival, featuring local slack key guitar, ukulele and vocal holiday music throughout the town. Just before sunset Santa arrives in his convertible sleigh and greets keiki from his tent next to the Holualoa Gallery in the center of town all evening. Over two dozen of the festively lit classic wooden buildings, many of which are now art studios and galleries, host free refreshments and holiday specials until the event closes about 8:30 pm.

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Annual credit union meeting at Konawaena School Cafeteria, 1960.

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When the Great Depression came to the Territory of Hawai‘i in the 1930s, about 25 percent of Hawai‘i’s labor force was unemployed. The coffee market was hit hard as people could only afford necessities. Coffee prices declined, drastically reducing workers pay and profit. Kona farmers sought relief from the few local banks to save their farms—which to some, was their only means of income. Tragically, some farmers defaulted on their loans and lost everything. The number of Japanese farms dropped from 1,070 to 600 between 1930 and 1940. In 1936, 10 concerned coffee farmers stepped up and founded the Kona Farmers Federal Credit Union (KFFCU), the predecessor of today’s Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union (HCFCU). Charter members were Haruyoshi Akamatsu, Yosoto Egami, Satoru Omoto, Albert M. Shimizu, Yasuki Nakagawa, Wilbert C. Okada, Walter M. Tanaka, Yoshiichi Ujimori, Kiyoshi Oka, and Takeo Matsumoto. According to HCFCU records, original credit union member Yoshito Fukumitsu recalled, “From about 1927 until 1935, these were rough times. The price of coffee was so cheap. Maybe $3 or $4 for a 100-pound bag of cherry. We had debts every year. That’s when we started to think of something we could do to help each other. So we organized the credit union.”


Albert Akana, KCFCU president, presenting a credit union member with a door prize of 25 shares, 1960.

The John Y. Iwane Credit Union Center, better known at the Kaloko Branch, opened to community fanfare in 2006.

times and for retaining the labor force in Kona. “Otherwise, there These financial pioneers, who felt they had to do something to would have been an outflow of people to work elsewhere,” help their fellow neighbors, thought the concept of a credit union seemed a good fit as it resembled the Japanese idea of tanomoshi he says. Born to a family of plantation contract laborers who went into or “pooled income funds.” coffee, Yasunori details how KFFCU made a difference: “After In addition, Congress had recently given legal status to credit fulfilling the terms of a labor contract, workers could remain an unions, institutions organized of people who join their resources employee or go independent. Some families tried pineapple or to help each other. Credit union members usually live in the same tobacco, but coffee did the best in Kona. It was hard for these area and are connected in some way—by a club, occupation, school, or company. Demonstrating the age-old adage, “when there’s a will, there’s a way,” the founders researched how to start a credit union and secured the help of the University of Hawai‘i Cooperative Extension Service and a representative from the National Credit Union Administration. With humble beginnings, the new credit union boasted 43 original members who paid 25 cents to join and bought Then the largest shares priced at $5 each. credit union in The credit union operated in the old Kona Experiment Hawai‘i, KCFCU was the first to Station in Kainaliu, sharing space, and also the on-site, construct its own part-time employee, Evelyn Yates. Soon, the credit union building in 1955 in Kealakekua. relocated to a one-room office in Captain Cook across from L–R: Patrick the Manago Hotel—where Greenwell Park is today. Masutomi, Peter Hirata, Yasunori Yasunori Deguchi staffed the new office as KFFCU’s first, Deguchi, Mitsugi full-time employee. He was 22 years old. A decorated WWII Inaba, Matsuko Onaka, Paul veteran who served with the 442nd, Yasunori worked at the Sakamoto, Nora credit union for nearly 40 years, retiring as vice-president in Koyanagi, and Harry Chow. 1985. He feels the founding of the credit union was “key” for keeping Kona’s coffee industry afloat during the difficult

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immigrants (who had worked on plantations), to get financing and go on their own.” It didn’t take long for the community to appreciate the efforts of KFFCU and soon farmers of other crops and then local community members wanted to join. This was a win-win as the new credit union depended on its member’s purchase of shares to have available cash for loans. In 1939, the institution opened its membership to the community and changed its name to the Kona Community Federal Credit Union (KCFCU). The membership jumped to 362 and assets increased 400 percent to $18,267. In 1955, KCFCU boasted being the largest credit union in the Territory of Hawai‘i and also the first to build its own office. The modest, $30,000 Kealakekua building was constructed of lava rock and redwood and housed four employees. In 17 years, this building was replaced with a $750,000 facility sporting a “wave” design to symbolize the ocean and future. During construction of the 7,000-square-foot building, operations moved above the Kainaliu bowling alley. When the Kealakekua Branch opened in 1973 it was hailed as “the most modern structure in Kona.” Troubled times came to North Kohala in 1973 when the Kohala Sugar Company closed its doors leaving over 500 unemployed. The closure shuttered the Kohala Federal Credit Union, which formed in 1939 to serve sugar workers and their families. KCFCU merged with that institution and welcomed its members into the KCFCU ‘ohana.

Field representative Patrick Masutomi visited farmer members via the credit union’s Jeep, 1960.

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With membership stretching along the leeward side of the island, the credit union expanded its charter to service the entire Hawai‘i Island and was renamed the Hawai‘i Community Federal Credit Union. A couple years later, HCFCU merged with the Pā‘auhau Federal Credit Union after the areaʻs sugar plantation closed its doors. Proud of its storied beginnings, HCFCU chronicles its unique history on four, floor-length murals at the John Y. Iwane Credit Union Center, better known as the Kaloko Branch.

Nellie Medeiros, corporate development and marketing manager of HCFCU, sizes up the murals by referring to the old saying, “You have to know where you came from to know where you are going. You have to know who you came from to understand who you are.” She also likens it to the Hawaiian ‘ōlelo no‘eau (proverb): “I ka wa mamua, ka wa mahope,” meaning “The future is in the past.” She elaborates: “The generation that started HCFCU has long passed on and the current generations of millennials know our history through words and stories. The murals are important as

KCFCU employees on the job from left back: Yasunori Deguchi, Nora Koyanagi, Matsuko Onaka, and Patrick Masutomi with Mitsugi Inaba and Lilly Ushihoda in the foreground, 1960.

they bring our history to life and perpetuate the efforts of our founders. They show how far we’ve come and how much we’ve grown.” Nellie’s family has deep roots with the local coffee industry stretching across multiple generations. She says her husband Clarence’s great-great-great-great-great grandfather, Don Francisco de Paula Marin, is credited with bringing the first coffee plant to Hawai‘i. Arriving to Hawai‘i in the early 1800s, Don Francisco was admired for his botanical experiments and coffee came to Kona due to his agricultural endeavors. The family continues to grow coffee today. Because of HCFCU’s philosophy of “being people of a community who join together to help each other,” the institution and its employees support several charitable organizations and is especially active with the annual Kona Coffee Cultural Festival. “Because we share the same coffee roots and legacy, HCFCU supports the Kona Coffee Cultural Festival to preserve our mutual heritage,” explains Nellie. HCFCU has been a festival supporter for more than 25 years, providing financial sponsorship and “sweat equity” for multiple activities like the scholarship pageant and the Grand Parade. This year, the credit union is coordinating the festival ho‘olaule‘a on November 12. The daylong celebration offers entertainment, food booths, Kona coffee vendors, cultural demonstrations and exhibits, educational displays, and more. “Our support helps ensure the festival continues to be not only an opportunity to promote and perpetuate the heritage of Kona | November–December 2016


60 | November–December 2016

Coffee, but an event that contributes to hometown pride—not to mention it’s a great wholesome time for all ages,” notes Nellie. Sharing her feelings about how HCFCU came to be, Nellie muses, “I feel proud and privileged to to be a part of a financial institution whose courageous start was founded on the philosophy of people helping people and that vision has not changed from what it was 80 years ago. It is special to me, because the philosophy of working together so everyone benefits is a timeless venture. I personally know the struggles of coffee farmers and the health and continuation of the coffee industry is essential to the economy of West Hawai‘i as a whole. HCFCU’s support of those farmers is our way of remembering where we came from.” ❖

Floor-length historical murals share the 80-year history of the credit union at the Kaloko Branch in Kailua-Kona. photo by Fern Gavelek

For the full schedule of 2016 Kona Coffee Cultural Festival events: Photos courtesy Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union Contact Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union: Contact writer Fern Gavelek:

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Spirits of Ocean and Land Wayne Levin and Jozuf Hadley team up for multi-media exhibit at Kahilu Theatre | By Karen Rose

on Culture and Arts, the two joined forces on a project to create photographic slides set to pidgin poetry. After completion of the project, Jozuf moved to Vermont to teach and the two lost touch. In 2014, more than 40 years after Wayne and Jozuf first collaborated together, the two were reunited by local photographer Kathy Carr, who asked both artists to join the South Kona Artists Collective. When the two discovered they were both asked to be a part of the collective, they looked forward to seeing one another again and rebuilding their friendship. Upon reunification, they had the idea to do another artistic collaboration and contacted Deborah Goodwin, Executive Director of Kahilu Theatre, who encouraged them to display their exhibit at the theater. | November–December 2016


hat do a pidgin poet and an underwater photographer have in common? In the case of Wayne Levin and Jozuf Hadley, it’s a love of the spiritual aspects of artistic expression. This fall, the Kahilu Theatre in Waimea presents Spirits of Ocean and Land, a collaboration of Levin’s black and white underwater photography, and Hadley’s sculptures and poetry. Wayne and Jozuf met in 1974. Jozuf was known for his full body cast sculptures and pidgin poetry, and Wayne for his photography. With funding from the Hawai‘i State Foundation


“Wayne Levin and I are good friends,” says Deborah. “I’ve had the privilege of free diving with him in Kealakekua Bay, and have witnessed first hand how he is able to capture the world under the sea as he does. When I learned his work at the White House was voted the number one best photography exhibit in Washington, D.C. in 2015, I knew we had to bring him back to Kahilu Theatre. I’m so glad he said yes, and brought another Hawaiian treasure with him in Jozuf Hadley.” Wayne describes Jozuf’s contemporary tribal sculptures as representing indigenous terrestrial spirits, and his images of marine animals as representing spirits beneath the surface of the water. This spiritual commonality is the theme that runs through their new exhibit about terrestrial and aquatic spirits of Hawai‘i.

Photographer Wayne Levin Born in Los Angeles in 1945, Wayne became interested in photography when his father gave him a Brownie camera and a kit to develop his own film for his twelfth birthday. After high school, he attended Brooks Institute of Photography in Santa Barbara. He left Brooks in 1964 to become more involved in the Civil Rights Movement, and to work with the Congress of Racial Equality and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party. In 1968, he moved to O‘ahu and subsequently took a year and a half off to sail the South Pacific and explore Asia and Europe with camera in hand. Wayne documented his travels through photography, and later took an additional six months to explore Japan, Korea, Mexico, and Central America. The images he captured during his travels became a part of his first exhibit at Gima’s Art Gallery and The Downtown Galleries in Honolulu. In 1983, after receiving his BFA in photography from the San Francisco Art Institute and his MFA from the Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, he moved back to O‘ahu to teach at University of Hawai‘i Mānoa. “When I graduated and got a job at the University of Hawai‘i, I purchased an underwater camera as a present to myself,” says Wayne. “I did some color photography of Circling Akule surfers underwater, but I wasn’t very happy with the results. It was murky, and basically the only color I got was blue. I decided to switch back to black and white and it kind of opened everything up. Not only could I really control the

contrast, but it also abstracted the ocean and made you question whether you were looking at clouds in the sky or waves in the ocean.” In 1986, Wayne started the photography program at La Pietra Hawai‘i School for Girls on O‘ahu, where he taught as an artistin-residence. A year later he received an Ohio Arts Council artist-in-residence at the Dayton Art Institute. Upon completion of his two year residency, he returned to Hawai‘i Island and at the suggestion of a friend, began photographing dolphins in Kealakekua Bay. Thus began his reconnection with underwater photography. Since then, Wayne has solidified his reputation as a black and white underwater photographer. His numerous credits include magazine publications, book awards, and exhibits in national and international galleries,

Oceanic Whitetip Shark with Pilot Fish | November–December 2016


or amazement, but when it’s possible, I’m always looking to incorporate some kind of social edge.”

Artist and Pidgin Poet Josuf Hadley Galapagos Sharks over Sand Channel, Kure Atoll | November–December 2016

including the Museum of Modern Art in New York, Museum of Photographic Art in San Diego, The Contemporary Museum in Honolulu, and the Hawai‘i State Foundation on Culture and the Arts. “I think color photography relates more to the reality you see,” says Wayne. “With black and white, it’s removed from that reality. It becomes more dreamlike, more emotional, because it’s different from the way we normally see things. I think black and white makes it more surreal.” In 2009, Wayne was invited by Dr. Randal Kosaki to accompany the research cruise of the NOAA vessel Hi‘ialakai to the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. One of the most isolated archipelagos in the world, he was honored to have the opportunity. “I try to keep a social consciousness going through my work,” explains Wayne. “Sometimes the work is just about beauty


Jozuf Hadley, or Bradajo (Brother Jo) as he is known, creates wood assemblage sculptures that he feels reflects the themes of the indigenous peoples of Oceania though a modern lens. He collects the medium materials in varying locations, from Hawai‘i’s beaches to family attics. In addition to his sculptures, he also writes and performs poetry in Hawai‘i’s Pidgin English. “I was moved to collect little bits of wood along the shore lines that had been manipulated in some way by man—so basically, I collect stuff,” explains Jozuf. “A number of my pieces are reflective of what we call ‘Tiki’ or ancient Hawaiian temple carvings.” Born on Kaua‘i, Jozuf developed his love of nature, music, arts, and the spirituality of ancient Hawai‘i through his mother. He considers his art a pursuit of magic that allows him to imagine an arrangement of natural objects and salvaged goods, thereby create pieces from those materials. Jozuf’s mother was a librarian on Kaua‘i for 45 years and he credits her with influencing and encouraging his interest in ancient Hawai‘i. However, it was his enrollment in art history courses at the university that solidified his appreciation for the depths of human creativity.

Chief Jenga

Jozuf credits the beginning of his spoken word creations to an experience he had in the summer of 1969, while doing graduate work in sculpture at the University of Hawai‘i Mānoa. He and three of his friends climbed Alakai Swamp Trail on Kauai‘i with the goal of following one of the tributaries into the swamp. After a couple of days of intense climbing, Jozuf’s friends were ready to quit. “We had reached an impasse where there was a vertical moss covered wall, and we could hear a waterfall on the other side. I thought maybe it was a way to get into the swamp, so I went by myself,” says Jozuf. On his solo adventure, Jozuf experienced what he described


as an epiphany—a powerful soul drenching awakening that moved him to start writing pidgin poetry. Pidgin languages are grammatically simplified languages that develop out of necessity between two or more groups of people that have no language in common. Hawaiian Pidgin is no longer considered a pidgin language, rather a legitimately recognized language that evolved from real pidgin languages once spoken among different ethnic groups in Hawai‘i. Hawaiian Pidgin is now an official language in its own right—a true “lingua franca” or fusion of languages into one distinct tongue.

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“I call my pidgin voice ‘Bradajo’—all one word,” says Jozuf. “That’s what my foster father called me when I was a teenager because I would erupt into this crazy pidgin. I write my poetry in bold cursive with a wide, black pen. It was a vision that came to me, and it reflects my unconscious sense of how we talked on the playground among my multi-ethnic classmates.” Jozuf has created six books and 10 CD recordings during the past 40 years, and will have some of them on hand at opening night of the exhibit at Kahilu Theatere. (translation from the poet) Forget the you you always remember, so you remember the You you always forget! “End the end, we just have to listen quietly and something creative will happen,” he says. “When we reach that point, it brings us to a place that has no words. It’s the mystical part of ourselves. It’s a part of who we are. I tap that part of myself, and somehow it comes out in pidgin. I don’t know why, it just does.” ❖ The opening reception for Spirits of Ocean and Land is Thursday, Nov. 10 from 5–7pm. The exhibit closes Wednesday, Dec. 21. Accompanying this exhibit is “Transcending Palms,” featuring award winning fiber artist, Shelley Hoist. Contact Kahilu Theatre: Contact photographer Wayne Levin: | November–December 2016

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100 Years of Giving

Hawai‘i Community Foundation celebrates a century of helping Hawai‘i Island

| By Denise Laitinen

The Hawai‘i Community Foundation West Hawai‘i Fund was established in 1990 by the West Hawai‘i Donors’ Group consisting of, Left to Righ: Roberta Transue, Virginia Isbell, Gloria Blum and Bill Wong. Not pictured: Alan Wilcox.

HCF works with donors of all sizes—some are individuals who want to connect with reputable charities or a family that wants to give back to the community while honoring the family name. Others are collaborative funding partnerships, like the East Hawai‘i and West Hawai‘i Funds. HCF handles all the administrative, financial, and grants services, making it easier for people to contribute to a charity of their choice. For decades, HCF quietly went about supporting various nonprofit groups on O‘ahu and the neighbor islands. For instance, in 1963 Mary Wilson Crawford left a legacy gift to establish a fund supporting Hawai‘i Preparatory Academy and two arts program on O‘ahu: the Honolulu Symphony and Honolulu Academy of Arts. Three years later, Alice Soper made a sizable donation to the Foundation that enabled HCF to provide grants for many years to organizations on Hawai‘i Island that help children with special needs and the elderly. Her donation enabled HCF to provide grant funding to organizations like the Bay Clinic and Hawai‘i Island Adult Day Care. The Foundation underwent major changes in 1987 when it was given its current name, Hawai‘i Community Foundation, and restructured with the creation of a Board of Governors and multiple trustees. Hawai‘i Island residents have been involved in HCF’s Board of Governors from its inception with Robert Fujimoto of Hilo appointed to the board in 1987. Foundation leaders at the time saw that a large public foundation could amplify its philanthropic efforts greater than many smaller funds. Shortly thereafter, they created donor


onprofit organizations can impact our lives in so many ways that we aren’t always aware of how much we benefit from their services. For 100 years, Hawai‘i Community Foundation (HCF) has been helping nonprofit organizations statewide, including dozens on Hawai‘i Island. Yet, most people are unaware of the breadth and depth of the community work done by HCF. In the past five years, Hawai‘i Community Foundation has distributed more than $18 million in grants and scholarships to nonprofit groups across Hawai‘i Island. Funds from HCF have touched nearly every aspect of life on our island from helping support community hospitals, to providing financial literacy training to the homeless, to offering more than 200 different scholarships to island students. Hawai‘i Community Foundation got its start back in 1916 on O‘ahu when the Hawaiian Trust Company formed the Hawaiian Foundation, in order to distribute funds that weren’t tied to someone’s will or trust to those in need. Business and community leaders who want to give back to the community, bequeath money in their estate or make donations to the foundation that go into a fund, which in turn are donated to local nonprofit organizations and scholarship programs.

Kealakehe High School STEM Team works with PISCES Moon RIDER to design a NASA project.

advised funds, creating grant programs that connected the interest of a donor with specific needs in a community. For example, in 1996, Oscar and Ernestine Armstrong established a donor advised fund that supported organizations such as Family Support Services of West Hawai‘i, The Salvation Army, the Boy Scouts, and the Food Basket. Philanthropic efforts on Hawai‘i Island increased even more in 1990, when a group of West Hawai‘i community leaders consisting of Gloria Blum, Virginia Isbell, Roberta Transue, Alan Wilcox, and Bill Wong created the West Hawai‘i Fund and “Monty” Richards of Kahua Ranch was appointed to the HCF Board of Governors. Hawai‘i Community Foundation’s impact on Hawai‘i Island really kicked into high gear when the organization opened its first office on island in 2000. | November–December 2016

“Like so many O‘ahu-based entities, the neighbor islands were beneficiaries to a degree of giving, but it was all anchored on O‘ahu,” says Lydia Clements, HCF’s Director of Neighbor Islands Philanthropic Services, describing the early decades of HCF’s community work. “Our work truly became statewide, when we created the neighbor island offices back in 2000,” adds Lydia. The first HCF neighbor island office opened in Waimea in 2000, with additional offices on Maui and Kaua‘i following soon after. “Before that we were statewide in mission, but we did not have full-time staff on the ground in the neighbor island communities. All of us on neighbor islands know that you need people who are active in the community to really understand what a community’s needs are.” A Hilo office and additional Hawai‘i Island staff were added in 2015 and they now have four full-time staff between the two Hawai‘i Island offices. During the past century, Lydia says the Foundation’s biggest accomplishments have been in the years since they opened the Waimea and Hilo offices. “Because we’ve been around for a while and we have four fulltime staff on island, people come to us to figure out what’s really needed in the community and how to make the impact that they want to make.” All total, Hawai‘i Community Foundation has 88 funds specific to Hawai‘i Island, 31 of them scholarship funds. HCF manages the different funds, ensuring that donations are invested prudently to make long-lasting impacts.


Some of the funds are designed to support specific fields, such as environmental issues or education, while others are more general. Advisory committees comprised of community volunteers help distribute grants from different funds. “We really help donors make the impact they’ve always wanted to make,” explains Lydia. She points to the Clark Realty Corporation Community Fund (CRCCF) as an example of one of the dozens of funds the Hawai‘i Community Foundation helps on island. The Clark Realty Fund was created in 2005 after the company’s founder, Putnam “Putty” Clark, approached HCF inquiring about how his company could give back to the community. “CRCCF was conceived by our founder, Putty Clark, as a company-wide program of giving back to the Big Island community that would appeal to our agents and staff and perhaps even to our clients,” says Frank Goodale, President of Clark Realty. Frank says the company decided to partner with and set up a fund under the umbrella of the HCF because, “they are wellestablished and a respected leader in managing charitable giving throughout our state.” Every year Clark real estate agents and staff nominate different nonprofits around the island that support programs focused on lifelong learning, the arts, healthy lifestyles, and environmental awareness as recipients of the Clark Fund. The company then holds a fundraising drive during the fall. For example, in 2015 the Clark Realty Fund designated six different organizations, including the Chamber Orchestra of Kona, Hospice of Hilo, Kohala Animal Relocation and Education Service,

Orchid Isle Orchestra, Kohala Hospital Charitable Foundation, and the Therapeutic Horsemanship of Hawai‘i program. Clark agents, staff, and others make donations directly to the Hawai‘i Community Foundation, which in turn manages and distributes the funds to the nonprofits. “That fund has a lot of contributions from the folks at Clark,” says Lydia. “With our help they make their donations have a bigger impact.” The entire circle of giving stays on island: a local business involving employees to give back to the community in which that business is based and the employees live. The reasons why someone might create a fund with the Hawai‘i Community Foundation are as varied as the funds themselves. Dr. Frank Sayre and Laura Mallery-Sayre teamed up with HCF to create the Daniel R. Sayre Memorial Fund in 1998 after their son died in a hiking accident. One of the better-known Hawai‘i Island funds managed by HCF, the Sayre Foundation has raised more than $1 million since its inception with the funds directly purchasing needed rescue equipment for Hawai‘i County Fire Department. Another example, is a scholarship created by Isemoto Contracting in 2006 to celebrate the company’s 80th anniversary. “They decided that they wanted to support fields of learning that were important to the family, not just the family business,” explains Lydia. “Engineering is one of the fields that they support through their scholarship, as well as nursing and teaching.

“Different family members have been teachers and another family member is a nurse who provided wonderful care to their aging relatives. The family wanted to honor those family members by supporting more people entering the nursing and teaching professions.” As HCF has grown over the years, so too has the number of scholarships it provides to island youth. There are more than 200 scholarships that Hawai‘i Island students can apply for every year. In the last 15 years, HCF has awarded more than $55 million to students statewide. In 2015, the Foundation awarded $1,012,950 to 211 Hawai‘i Island students. This year’s HCF scholarship application period runs November 15, 2016 through January 31, 2017 at 4pm HST. All the scholarships are different. For instance, the F. Koehnen, Ltd. Scholarship Fund was created in 2005 by the Koehnen family

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The Isemoto family established a scholarship fund with HCF in celebration of Isemoto Contracting's 80th anniversary. Leslie Isemoto (far left) and Larry Isemoto (far right) with Kyle Buyuan and Kirsten Uchima, the first two recipients of the Isemoto Scholarship in 2010.

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to honor the founder of the well-known furniture store. Their scholarship supports students of families that work in retail businesses. Meanwhile, the H.C. Shipman Foundation created a scholarship fund in 2004 to honor the memory of Herbert C. Shipman, who ran the company from 1943 to 1976. The Shipman scholarship is only Helie Rohner (front) with daughter Karyl Frank available to students and brother Fred Koehnen. Together they established the Koehnen Ltd. Scholarship Fund. from Kea‘au High The scholarship is only open to students School or Ke Kula ‘o whose family members work in retail. Nāwahīokalani‘ōpu‘u Iki Laboratory Public Charter School. The good news is that students don’t have to navigate their way through the 200+ different scholarships offered by the Foundation—they only have to submit a single application. “We have one common application that students fill out and submit,” explains Lydia. “The HCF computer system acts similar to in that it matches them with the scholarship that they are eligible for.” Providing scholarships to students to pursue higher education is just one part of HCF’s educational efforts. “A part of what HCF does is create partnerships to tackle tough issues,” explains Lydia. “Things evolve really, really rapidly these days and we need to adapt to conditions changing around us whether it be technology or health care.” Helping to train both educators and students for the challenges of tomorrow is another way HCF supports the community. In 2015, HCF launched the Hawai‘i STEM Learning Partnership, a collaborative effort involving nine different Foundation funds to advance STEM (science, technology, engineering, arts and math) teaching, learning styles and experiences that are most needed in the current and future workforce. “We clearly have the ability for high-tech employment on Hawai‘i Island and this fund helps us train both educators and students,” says Lydia. With initial financial funding from the Thirty Meter Telescope through the THINK Fund at HCF, the fund quickly grew after people saw the momentum that was created in the teaching community and the classrooms. There are now nine major funders supporting the partnership, including the THINK Fund, the Hōkūli‘a Community Fund, Kūki‘o Community Fund, Maunakea Observatories, Richard Smart Fund (Parker Ranch), two private foundations, and two individual donors. Created a year ago, the fund has distributed $1.2 million on island to project-based learning opportunities specific to STEM fields. “Preparing students for the ever-evolving technological changes and helping them become lovers of life-long learning is what we are working on through this STEM partnership on Hawai‘i Island,” says Lydia. One of the programs receiving STEM funding from HCF is the mini-MERIT and MADE program, a partnership between University

of Hawai‘i at Hilo College of Continuing Education and Community Service (CCECS) and the Krause Center for Innovation (KCI) at Foothills Community College. The mini-MERIT and MADE programs target teachers in grades 3–12 as a way to ensure that Hawai‘i will be able to meet its future workforce demands by having teachers who understand STEM education and can effectively teach STEM curricula to students who will eventually fill STEM related jobs. The mini-MERIT program is designed to support teachers by training them in how to use the latest technology applications so they can in turn teach their students how to use different types of technology. The MADE Science program trains teachers to integrate technology into their science curriculum. So far, the mini-MERIT and MADE programs have trained 70 Hawai‘i Island teachers, 40 in East Hawai‘i and 30in West Hawai‘i, who underwent weeklong training. The one-week intensive program is tailored to a school district’s educational technology goals, starting with a needs assessment to understand the teacher’s skills and needs. The hands-on program is structured to bring educators up to speed on topics that include digital literacy, integrating online and tablet apps into curriculum, student and educator collaboration tools, and more. “When you talk about the 100 years of work done by HCF, the STEM program stands out as one of our biggest achievements,” says Lydia, “and it’s only on Hawai‘i Island.”

As the Hawai‘i Community Foundation enters its second century, programs such as its STEM fund help Hawai‘i Island residents prepare for the future. ❖ Contact Hawai‘i Community Foundation: Contact writer Denise Laitinen: Photos courtesy Hawai‘i Community Foundation Youth in the Pa‘auilo Boys and Girls Club Akeakamai Aloha Aina program used chemistry and sustainability concepts to concoct home-made, biodegradable, cost-effective laundry detergent.

This year’s HCF scholarship application period runs November 15, 2016 through January 31, 2017 at 4pm HST. Applications for grants and scholarships must be submitted online. The application period to apply for upcoming STEM Learning Partnership grants opens on December 1.



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H AWA I ‘ I C O M M U N I T Y F O U N D AT I O N H I S T O R Y O N H AWA I ‘ I I S L A N D 2003: Barry Taniguchi is appointed to the Board of Governors. His service continues for 12 years, including two years as Board Chair. • Gerrit R. Ludwig Scholarship Fund is established. 2004: Local attorneys, Darl Gleed and Bill Hastings join the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. • Pahiki Nui Fund established by Clytie Mead. H.C. Shipman Scholarship Fund established. 2005: F. Koehnen Ltd. Scholarship Fund is established. Hapa Fund is established to support Waimea. • Sarah Rosenberg Scholarship Fund is established. • Laurie Ainslie of Waimea appointed to the Board of Governors and joins the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. Clark Realty Corporation Fund is established. 2006: Isemoto Contracting Co., Ltd. Scholarship Fund is established. • Stan Czerinski Education Fund is established by his wife Grace and son Todd. • Arthur Mullaly Fund is established. • John and Roberta Garcia Fund is established. • Lynn Lally joins the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. • Hilo Chinese Scholarship Fund is established. 2007: Kahiau Scholarship Fund is established to provide scholarships to graduates from North Kohala High School. • March Taylor Education Fund is established by the family and friends

of Auto Body Hawai‘i. • Roberta Chu and John DeFries join the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. • Shelley M. Williams, RPh Scholarship Fund is established in memory of Kona’s only compounding pharmacist. 2008: Hokuli‘a Foundation Scholarship Fund is established to support students from Kona. • Kevin Kai‘ea Pavel Memorial Fund is established by parents, David and Cheryl Pavel. • Quack Moore Music Fund is established. • Livable Communities Fund is established. • Jim and Lynn Lally Family Fund is established to support charitable organizations on Hawai‘i Island and O‘ahu. 2009: Prisby Geist Charitable Fund is established to support the charitable interests of their family. • Kazuma and Ichiko Hisanaga Scholarship Fund is established. 2010: Sadamitzu, Milly, Fred and Leatrice Yokoyama Family Fund is established with a legacy gift from Fred Yokoyama. • East Hawai‘i Fund is established; initial fund advisors include Roberta Chu, Brian Iwata, Alan Okamoto, Fred Koehnen and Carol Ignacio. • When the Mainstream Runs Dry Fund is established. • Brian Iwata and Lynn White join the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council Darrin and Darien Gee Family Fund is established.

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2011: Jacquelyn and Alcy Johnson Fund is established to support the North Hawai‘i Community Hospital and North Hawai‘i Hospice. • Richard Smart Scholarship Fund is established to support Waimea students who are the first to attend college in their family. • Linda and Steve Marquis Fund is established to support various charitable interests in the West Hawai‘i. • Kawakami Family of Captain Cook Fund is established to support the coffee industry in Kona. 2012: Jack’s Fund is established in memory of Jack’s community involvement. 2013: David Kaapu and Alan Okamoto join the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. • Anderson-Beck Kokua a Ulu Fund is established to help cultivate the human and natural environment. • Wesley R. and Phyllis E. Segawa Family Fund is established. • Guy Toyama Memorial Scholarship Fund is established. • Stanley and Renee Tomono Family Fund is established. 2014: THINK Fund at HCF is established to support STEM education. • Hawai‘i Affiliates of Sotheby’s International Realty Charitable Fund is established. • Stein Family Fund is established by a legacy gift from Barbara McDonagh. • Stein Family Scholarship Fund is established by a legacy gift made

by Barbara McDonagh. • Hokuli‘a Community Fund is established. • Laura Mallery-Sayre joins the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. • Robert and Peggy Tanaka Scholarship Fund is established. • Ken Yamase Sportsmanship Scholarship Fund is established in memory of Coach Yamase. • Hokuli‘a Scholarship Fund is established. 2015: Nancy Cabral and Dale Suezaki join the Hawai‘i Island Leadership Council. • Roberta Chu is appointed to the Board of Governors. Holualoa Elementary School integrated STEM into every 4th and 5th grade classroom.

Crossword Puzzle | By Myles Mellor

This page is for Ke Ola readers to have FUN while learning about the Hawaiian culture and this wonderful island we call home. Some answers are in English, some are in Hawaiian. Some answers will be found when you read the stories and ads in this issue. Feel free to use the online Hawaiian electronic Oh yes, you can find the answers on page 95. Your feedback is always welcome.

DOWN 1 Like many cakes and pies 2 Peak of a mountain 3 Hello! to a bro 5 Finish 6 Hawaiian word for a spear 7 No vote 8 The second C in HCFCU 11 Silence, in Hawaiian 12 Hawaiian word for joy 13 Hawaiian word for shadow 15 Refresh 17 Actor _____ Harrington, who plays Det Ben Kokua in “Hawaii Five-O” 18 It means hidden meaning, in Hawaiian poetry 19 Letters before a British ship 20 That is, for short 23 Northwest Hawai‘i Island district 24 Scar or depression in Hawaiian 26 To seek life in Hawaiian (2 words) 27 Hawaiian taro/coconut pudding 28 The value of perseverance and renewal 29 Provided money for 31 Hawaiian word for outrigger float 32 God or spirit in Hawaiian 35 Hawaiian word for hand wrestling 38 Raise | November–December 2016

ACROSS 1 Waimea’s “Aunty” with the largest sunglass collection in the world, first name 4 Underwater photographer presenting a show at the Kahilu Theatre in Waimea, Wayne _____ 9 It grows on you 10 Hawaiian word for taboo 11 Poet/sculptor working with 4 across, Jozuf _____ 13 Promotional effort 14 Like the night sky 16 Hawaiian winter holiday 21 Hawaiian word for sour 22 Pork or beef 23 Hawai‘i’s world famous coffee brand 25 Hawaiian word for to dig 26 Octopus’s defense 28 Organization helping nonprofit organizations statewide distributing grants and scholarships,abbr. 30 _____ Christmas Lū‘au, for a plantation community 31 Type of Hawaiian fern 32 Hawaiian word or hinge or joint 33 Puna artist who paints Hawaiian scenes, Patricia _____ 34 Hawaiian word for leaf 36 Dart or javelin in Hawaiian 37 Wet earth 39 Laughter on the internet, abbr. 40 Mimic 41 Hawaiian fruit 42 Cool and refreshing, in Hawaiian



Fair Wind II and Hula Kai at historic Kealakekua Bay & site of the Captain Cook Monument Information & Reservations 808.322.2788 |

Worldwide Voyage Leg 23 brought Hōkūle‘a to Sorel, Quebec, Canada—the furthest north that she will travel on the Worldwide Voyage.

As Hōkūle‘a navigated through the most extensive and complex lock system of her voyage, she has traveled through an incredible 61 locks. Varying in heights and sizes, a lock is a sophisticated waterway system used for raising and lowering watercraft between bodies of water of different levels on rivers and waterways. Hōkūle‘a and her crew have gone through rising levels of up to 420 feet and back down as she continued on her journey. “The most memorable locks were Lock 17 of the Erie Canal and the Chambly Locks. With Hōkūle‘a at 19.5 feet wide and the locks being the widest at 21 feet, left us with less than a foot of clearance on either side,” says Kalepa Baybayan, captain of Hōkūle‘aʻs Leg 23 of the Worldwide Voyage. “We entered and exited with a lot of control and without incident. I'm extremely proud of the Leg 23 Crew for meeting that challenge,” Kalepa praised.

Hōkūle‘a traveled through the fresh water systems of the Erie Canal, Lake Ontario, St. Lawrence River and through Canadian Canals and Lock System. SA U 1. Jersey City, NJ 2. Hyde Park, NY 3. Troy, NY 4. Amsterdam, NY 5. Ilion, NY 6. Sylvan Beach, NY 7. Phoenix, NY 8. Oswego, NY 9. Cape Vincent, NY Canada 10. Sugar Island, ON 11. Cornwall, ON 12. Saint-Lambert, QC 13. Montreal, QC 14. Sorel, QC 15. Chambly, QC USA 16. Rouses Point, NY 17. Westport, NY 18. Schuylerville, NY 19. Saugerties, NY 20. Jersey City, NJ

© 2016 Polynesian Voyaging Society Photos: ‘Ōiwi TV • Photographer: Sam Kapoi

Hōkūle‘a crossed paths with Draken Harald Harfagre, the world’s largest Viking ship from Norway. Two different traditional voyaging canoes from opposite ends of the globe are on a similar mission of connecting the ancient ways of sailing with modernday exploration.

© 2016 Polynesian Voyaging Society Photos: ‘Ōiwi TV • Photographer: Sam Kapoi

Sept. 3—“The mission was to prove that it is possible to sail the ocean with a Viking ship. We knew that before, because we got findings from [Viking explorer] Leif Eriksson around year 1000 in North America, many years before Christopher Columbus found India,” said Captain Bjorn Ahlander of the Draken Harald Harfagre as he described the start of his crew’s journey. “The mission was to prove that it was

possible to go the historic voyage from Norway to Iceland, Iceland to Greenland, Greenland to Newfoundland, and we did it,” Bjorn stated. “A lot of people do not move far from where they come from, and I think that’s a pity because people all over the world are different, we can learn so much from each other,” said Erik Rolfmoller, deckhand for the Draken Harald Harfagre. “The

exploration and the development you go through personally when you go exploring is very important,” Erik added. Named after Harald Harfagre, the king who unified Norway into one kingdom, the dragon ship was constructed in the town of Haugesund in Western Norway in March 2010. Crafted from oak, itʻs a 114 feet long, 80ton ship with a 3,200 square foot sail.

Sept. 14—Passing through the 34th lock to get to the upper Montreal area of the St. Lawrence river, Hōkūle‘a docked at her first marina within a Native Reserve— the Mohawk Territory of Kahnawake, Quebec, Canada. The Mohawk community is home to the immersion program whose leaders helped pave the way for Hawai‘i’s immersion program in the early ʻ80s. Dorothy Lazore was instrumental in establishing the Mohawk language immersion program in Kahnawake and spoke before Hawai‘i’s Board of Education on the day that Hawai‘i

DOE’s immersion program was approved— ­a program that has become a model nationally and internationally. This gathering was yet another opportunity along the Worldwide Voyage to honor the collaborative work being done in native communities to keep indigenous knowledge alive and relevant to the world around us. Additionally, the crew of Hōkūle‘a, the founding members of Aha Punana Leo—a Native Hawaiian nonprofit dedicated to revitalizing the Hawaiian language for future generations in Hawai‘i, and the

Mohawk community hope to inspire and perpetuate native knowledge and language for generations to come. “As you were telling us just how we helped you and how we were an inspiration for your people, and how our teachers went out to help you to revitalize what could have been lost in one generation or in two,” said Kanentokon Hemlock, Bear Clan Chief of the Kanonsonnionwe Long House. “It’s interesting because you inspire us. We look to you. We follow your inspiration too in all the work you have been doing in your land.”

© 2016 Polynesian Voyaging Society Photos: ‘Ōiwi TV • Photographer: Nā‘ālehu Anthony

Managing with Aloha ‘Imi ola is “to seek life.” Our purpose in life is to seek its highest form. Fourth in Series Two on Managing with Aloha. Ke Ola Magazine Editor Renée Robinson at Skip Barber Racing School, Laguna Seca Raceway, 2001

‘Imi Ola: We are meant to be Seekers

| By Rosa Say


We need the value of ‘Imi ola to keep us from resting on our laurels, so our business will be vibrant and dynamic, consistently interesting and relevant, and constantly growing. This is not to suggest that you need to grow bigger in size; a company considered a “small business” can have much more vigorous growth in scope, in capacity, in innovation, and in service provided to customers than a much larger one. In fact, a common challenge faced by big business is that they struggle to remain as nimble and as immediately responsive as smaller companies. A reinventor will never suggest they are indispensable to their organization. When the real story gets told, we discover that the reinventor stopped doing the job they were hired for a long time ago. They taught others to do it, delegating it successfully, or they reshaped the system or process that once required their involvement in another sustainable way. In adopting the seeker’s habits of looking for new benchmarks, noticing their nuances and applications, the reinventor is constantly working their own succession plan. They are on the move, and no one can stop them. Support your reinventors. If ‘Imi ola is not included as one of your core company values, I encourage you to incorporate it into your all-staff development mentoring, into your innovation initiatives, and into your own self-coaching. Don’t be that business person “still on the job” who has actually retired within it, parking abandoned vehicles in the organization. You are capable of more. Human beings are meant to be seekers. If you are that person’s boss, why in the world are you letting place-holders drag your company down in that way? Mediocrity kills business. Don’t wait another day: Put ‘Imi ola to work for both of you. Every person your retirement-mode manager currently affects will jump for joy as work gets more interesting again, and more meaningful. So will your customers, for they feel the ripple effects of ‘Imi ola inspired performance. One day, your once-complacent manager will thank you for lighting the ‘Imi ola fire under them as well, for their life has gotten much more interesting. Next issue: We revisit Ho‘omau, the value of perseverance and renewal. Contact writer Rosa Say:, | November–December 2016

admit it: I jump to an either/or conclusion when I learn that a manager has worked in the same position and same company for a long time, and they are not that company’s owner or founder. I conclude they are one of two kinds of business people. I can’t stop myself, the coach in me starts to look for the evidence of which type of manager they are. On one hand I feel compelled to coach, genuinely wanting to shake them by the shoulders and help them; on the other hand I’m eager to congratulate and celebrate, for being the person we in business can always be—I am genuinely thrilled to know they don’t need my coaching at all. I wonder: Is this long-term manager way too comfortable and dangerously complacent—a place-holder, blockage, and company artifact—or is this manager an ‘Imi ola reinventor? A reinventor is an Alaka‘i Manager who is the ‘Imi ola seeker of life’s highest form, using his or her job as the race car they drive exceptionally well on their journey. Sadly, the complacent manager stuck in the place-holder’s comfort zone has stopped looking for life’s possibilities altogether, and is snoozing in park. How long has it been that way? A reinventor discards their documented job description on a regular basis, whether sanctioned by company bureaucracy or not, effectively writing a new one for themselves with Ho‘ohana work in ‘Imi ola on overdrive. A reinventor is a relentless seeker of different, insatiably curious, believing that better is always a possibility in a myriad of new choices. A reinventor is in perpetual growth mode, pushing at the boundaries of what is, and turning their job into what it has the potential to be. They may remain in the same company and same position, yet very little of what they do today is the same as it was last year or the year before. They keep asking questions and learning more. They keep disrupting the modus operandi and changing it up. They keep forging new partnerships, and enlarging their network. As a result, their circle of influence keeps growing larger, and they excel in their performance. Which person are you? One of the most damaging things to happen in business is self-inflicted: We settle. ‘Imi ola is Managing with Aloha’s value driver for goal-setting, mission, and vision. These must be iterative explorations.


Lale and her ‘ukulele group performing at the monthly Afternoon at Hulihe‘e Palace. photo by Renée Robinson

Lale Kam:

Walking Sunlight, Living Aloha

| By Kate Kealani H Winter

Lale, 1988

Lale and Raymond’s wedding, June 1957


performed at private parties and events around O‘ahu. A photo taken then shows Lale in a cellophane skirt that cost $45, with that “Lale” smile. Lale studied in Honolulu with Sally Woods, who was also kumu (teacher) at the Polynesian Cultural Center. Lale notes that her life has moved in intersecting lines like the one that took her back to Lale, 10 years old, dancing in her first Honolulu in 1976 and to the professional costume Polynesian Cultural Center with the Menehune Maidens. to teach dance. In those days, she was not paid in money, but with admission tickets that she generously shared with her friends and family. In 1955, at the age of 21, Lale left Hawai‘i for the U.S. mainland. She and a friend had signed a two-year contract to tour in Las Vegas, Chicago, and Florida. She cried all the way to San Francisco, yet with her sunny temperament, she determined to make the best of the choice and the opportunity. It was, however, a shock to her to witness the prejudices there, especially against African Americans and Jews. Looking back, she believes that she was treated nicely, yet the introduction to racism was harsh in its contradiction of the aloha Lale still lives. Eventually, she arrived in Florida, where she spent 23 years sharing her talents in lū‘au shows at the big hotels. It was an era of enthusiasm when all things Hawaiian became an important part of American popular culture. In 1955, Lale reunited with her sister Lani in Florida in a group called “The Vagabonds.” They did lū‘au shows, and Lale was one of the dancers at a lū‘au catered by a fellow named Raymond Kam. All the island

Kam Islanders—Lale is second from the left, standing next to her husband, Raymond Kam. | November–December 2016

ale says her name means “sunshine” in Hawaiian, which seems perfect for this child of Hawai‘i, who has spread aloha across the U.S. for decades. It also may refer to a legendary bird known as a sweet singer. Also perfect. As a dancer, musician, singer, and kumu (teacher), Lale Kam has covered the country, and beyond, sharing her talents and the music of Hawai‘i and Polynesia with people who might never get to see those places in person. Born and raised in Honolulu, Lale lived a mile from Waikīkī. Her older sister, Ihilani “Lani” Miller, took on the role of mother in the ‘ohana (family) after their parents separated, and managed the house and the remaining seven of 10 children. Theirs was a musical family where both mother and father sang. Lale recalls those days before everyone in the family had a car, all the kids sitting on the lānai making music and playing until Lani started taking them to Kuhio beach, where they would continue to play music while the boys surfed, often at night. Sister Lani’s well-known song Kuhio Beach was written about the moonlight and good fun there, and Lale relishes telling the backstory about the origin of that mele (song). Lani had played hooky from school, and when questioned, gave the excuse that she had been stricken with the inspiration to write a song and just had to give in to that creative impulse. Their parents insisted on seeing that song, and Lani quickly composed it. Lale delightedly points out that it is about the pleasures of the beach at night, not during school hours. When Lale was 15 years old, Lani left home to make her way in the world of Hawaiian entertainment, and Lale took on the role of mother/manager of the household. It is a job she never resented, as some teens might. Laleʻs aloha and sunny outlook (her mother told her sister that Lale was the “sweet” child in the family), along with her organizational skills, kept things going along happily. Lale kept a chart on the wall with chores and names assigned to them, so everybody shared the work. Lale remembers that everybody had fun: even with so many children, they had a party for every birthday and holiday. No one was left out, and no celebration was slighted. Lale’s gifts for music and dance bloomed early. She began performing at the age of 10 with a group that included underage musicians and her sister Lani. The “Menehune Maidens” could not perform at venues where alcohol was sold, however they

83 | November–December 2016

The Kam Family L–R: Darin, Raymond, Tamray, Roray, Lale


Darin now lives in Kailua-Kona, Tamray and Roray in Florida.

dancers noticed him, for his good looks and that he seemed like he might be from home. It turned out, he was from O‘ahu, and he noticed Lale, “the one with the longest hair,” out of the group of dancers. When they met again, he showed up in his well-worn 1929 Ford and asked if she still wanted to go out. She says, “I would have ridden the bus if necessary.” The next time they went out, he arrived in his 1957 Thunderbird. Apparently, she had passed his test, and the romance turned into a great match. Months later, Raymond asked Lale to marry him. She gave him every reason why she didn’t want to be a wife yet. The next morning he told her family that they were getting married—much to Lale’s surprise. Later, she gave him a list of terms, which he agreed to, and they were married four months later. In June 2017, Lale and Raymond will celebrate 60 years of marriage. Their family includes three sons and five grandchildren. Together they created the “Kam Islanders” Polynesian group, and Ray learned to be a knife dancer to perform in their shows. They were busy doing shows for Miami Grayline Tours and all of the famous hotels in Florida.

1977 at Key Largo

Eventually, she and Raymond, her brother Ali‘i Noa and her sister Ihilani Miller all had their own shows, performing at different venues. Lale also opened a dance studio in Hollywood, Florida where she taught Hawaiian, Samoan, Maori, and Tahitian dance and music. In a shop connected to it, she offered dance implements, island jewelry and fashions, as well as treasures from the Pacific. Lale’s early affinity for organizing made her a good business woman as well. She and Ray opened the Hawaiian House Restaurant that had her hula studio in the back, a shop in the front, the restaurant, and their lū‘au catering business all under one roof. They put on one to two shows a night, Lale dancing, playing guitar and ‘ukulele, acting as MC, making the costumes, maintaining them, and training dancers. They performed for the Grand Opening Spectacular for Disney World in 1971 at the Disney Polynesian Village. Even as their businesses grew, Lale also gave generously to the community by doing programs in nursing homes and fundraising for charities; including the Miami Children’s Hospital and appearing on the Jerry Lewis telethon.



Friday ‘ukulele class on the front lawn of Hulihe‘e Palace. photo courtesy Leihulu Durmas

Lale and other volunteers create beautiful flower arrangements to sell at the annual Day at Hulihe‘e Fundraiser. photo by Renée Robinson

air-conditioned bus with three musicians and her round-theclock bodyguards, the two weeks coincided with Bastille Day celebrations. Lale performed the whole Polynesian array of dance and instruments. Then it was time to return home to Hawai‘i, the same day the Hōkūle‘a arrived from Tahiti. As often happens in Lale’s life, “bubbles” (as she calls them) intersect mysteriously. In Kailua-Kona, Lale and Ray bought a house that they later discovered was across the road from the house her mother lived in as a little girl before she moved to Kaua‘i. After beginning to work in Kailua-Kona real estate, Lale went to work for Century 21 at the office that happened to be next to where her mother’s ‘ohana had their beach house in the old days. Truly, Lale had come home. When she wasnʻt selling real estate or performing, Lale worked at Hawaii Glass Tinting, the first glass tinting company on the island started by she and her husband in 1978 . At one of the annual Daughters of Hawai’i events at Keauhou Bay (a celebration for Kamehameha III at his birthplace), Lale was playing solo ‘ukulele. She asked if anyone would play with her and offered to teach anyone who was interested. With that, her weekly ‘ukulele class began.

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Sometimes in those Florida years, her renown led her down unusual paths. Her agent once booked them to do a “rain dance” in Orlando where there was a drought. The idea was to have them perform some kind of fiery dance to entice the rain to put out the flames and end the dryness. They hesitated because a “rain dance” is not Hawaiian or Polynesian, however, the deal was made. The local news heralded their attempt and urged the public to bring raincoats and umbrellas. A police escort took them to a shopping center, and they did their best. Newspaper clippings tell how it poured down rain when they were done. Requests came for them to repeat their success in other drought-stricken areas, yet Lale and Ray stuck to their business of sharing aloha and declined. In 1976, Lale was honored by an invitation she felt she could hardly accept at first: she was asked to go to Tahiti to represent Hawai‘i just after the Hōkūle‘a—the Hawaiian voyaging canoe— had left to return to Hawai‘i. With Raymond willingly and ably taking care of their three children and the businesses, Lale made the trip to Tahiti with her sister Ihilani as chaperone. Touring the island on an

85 | November–December 2016

These days, she can be found on the shady lawn at Hulihe‘e Palace on many Friday mornings with her 24 ‘ukulele students, a group she started, in part to give back to the Daughters of Hawai‘i, Calabash Cousins, and the palace. Her association with the palace began in 1978 when palace curator Aunty Lei Collins, to whom Lale is related, called and asked for her help. Lale then started as a docent at the royal residence. Rather quickly, Lale was recruited to join the Daughters of Hawai‘i, the group that saved Hulihe‘e from decay and continues— with the Calabash Cousins—to maintain it as a museum and historical site. These years in Kailua-Kona have been no “retirement” for Lale. She performed at the Kona Surf for nine years and at countless other venues including Waimea and on Lana‘i. A handful of citations, certificates, and letters of appreciation from governors, mayors and charitable organizations laud her giving spirit and gifts of time and talent. The American Red Cross named her an “Everyday Hero.” The Daughters of Hawai‘i commended her for her “kōkua and mālama.” She’s been a busy member of the Kuakini Hawaiian Civic Club since 1995. She entertains at Life Care of Kona with a group of volunteers inspired by her to join in for the experience of spreading aloha to patients. The Regency at Hualalai is a regular stop on her “tour” of Kailua-Kona. The Kailua-Kona Lions Club has depended on her to coordinate the entertainment for their pancake breakfasts since 1994.


With the Lions, she started the Sight Is Beautiful art contest for keiki (children). Working with Alu Like, she brought the program for Hawaiian elders Ke Ola Pono No Nā Kūpuna to Kailua-Kona where she taught Hawaiian arts, crafts, hula, and song. Lale says music is her life because it is something to share, and it is inclusive. It brings people together. When asked what her favorite song is, she says she doesn’t really have one, yet, if she did it would be Smile—and she begins to sing. ❖ Contact writer Kate Kealani H Winter: Lale entertaining a large crowd on the back lawn of Hulihe‘e Palace.

Featured Cover Artist: Patricia Leo


he holiday theme of artist Patricia Leo’s painting showcased on this issue’s cover is a dreamlike scene from a magical, enchanted forest in Hawai‘i, illustrated in vibrant, glowing colors. Part of her ongoing series, 16 years of Christmas in Hawai‘i, she describes it as “celebrating the beauty and simplicity of the special way that the Christmas season sparks the aloha spirit here.” From her home studio in Puna, Patricia finds inspiration all around. She has her workplace available at all times of the day or evening. Her Koa‘e home is surrounded by wise old trees and rainforest jungle that is so thick and vibrant that one can feel it growing all around you. Patricia first arrived in Hawai‘i in February 1974 on the island of Kaua‘i. “My first true residence there was a treehouse community called Taylor Camp, which has now become a feature-length documentary.” ( It was there she met her husband, Andy, and, with their son Josh, moved to Hawai‘i Island in 1979. “Andy builds all my canvases from the ground up, cutting the wood, making the frame, and stretching the canvas,” says the self-taught artist. “I love painting with acrylics on those canvases, on watercolor paper, and on fabric, which I then use for my quilted baby blankets. I use various techniques, freely exploring further horizons that painting in this versatile medium allows.” “I find that ideas, visions, and inspiration fly into my thoughts from any angle at any moment in time. I like to work from my sketches or photos. To sit down at the workspace, refreshed and ready for the day of painting, is most ideal. At times, the vision of how I want to express an idea on the canvas reveals itself so clearly that there is only one thing to do—paint then and there. I will often bring a painting I am working on into my bedroom, Mystic Puna

| By Karen Valentine


where, upon awakening with the first gaze of morning, I clearly see where I’m going with the piece and where I want to go next.” “I am beyond in love with the beauty of Hawai‘i. From my very first footsteps on the Nāpali Coast Trail of Kaua‘i, to looking in any direction in my yard, I can feel ideas coming to me that become inner visions of the artwork that I want to create.” Patricia has a number of named Lantern Walk series for her paintings. “I have different realms in which I like to dwell for my paintings. When finished, each one finds a comfy place in my collection.” Some of her series titles are Path of Gold, Back in the Day, Exploring the Gem that is Puna, Loose and Flowing Watercolors, Mandalas, Seascapes and Waves, Above and Below the Ocean, and her newest inspiration—Childhood, my Violet. “A highlight for me this year has been the completion and publication of my children’s book, Little One.” “My other strong, creative urge is to make dolls, elves, fairies, felted creations, and baby blankets, with a Waldorf influence for the children in my life,” she says. Patricia’s home studio is open to visitors by appointment. It is located in Koa‘e on the Beach Road or Wa‘a Wa‘a road, not far from the 1960 lava flow in Kapoho. Love is Everywhere Some of her original paintings may also be seen in Dreams of Paradise Gallery in downtown Hilo and at Jungle Love in Pāhoa and Kailua-Kona. Contact Patricia Leo: 808.936.2568

Historic Kainaliu, Kona’s original shopping village. Located 5 miles south of Kailua-Kona. Delicious, Healthy, Coffee and Tea | November–December 2016

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Hawai‘i Island Farmers Markets Wednesday 9am–4pm Waimea Mid-Week Farmer’s Market at Pukalani Stables, site of the Paniolo Museum. Pukalani Road in Waimea


Saturday 8am–noon * Keauhou Farmers Market, Keauhou Shopping Center, Keauhou. Saturday 7:30am–10am Waikoloa Village Farmers Market, 68-3625 Paniolo Ave., Waikoloa Community Church parking lot across from Waikoloa Elementary School. Saturday 9am–noon Holualoa Gardens Farmers Market 76-5901 Mamalahoa Hwy, Holualoa Sunday 9am–2pm South Kona Green Market Captain Cook, Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden

Wednesday 9am–2pm Ho‘oulu Community Farmers Market, Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay Wednesday 2pm-Dark Kona Sunset Farmers Market In front of K-Mart, Makalapua Center Wednesday–Sunday 7am–4pm Kona Village Farmers Market, corner of Ali‘i Drive and Hualālai Rd.



Saturday and Tuesday 8am–2pm, Saturdays * Hawi Farmers Market, North Kohala, across from Post Office and Nakahara Store under the banyans. Saturday 8am–1pm Waimea Town Market at Parker School, 65-1224 Lindsey Rd., Waimea/Kamuela. Saturday 7am–noon Waimea Hawaiian Homestead Farmers Market, 67-1229 Mamalahoa Hwy at Lindsey Rd, Waimea. Behind the post office across from Kahilu Theatre. Fresh locally grown produce, flowers, plants and value added food items, and crafts. Saturday 7:30am–12:30pm Kuhio Hale Farmers’ Market 64-756 Mamalahoa Hwy, at Hawaiian Homelands office, Waimea Produce, honey, clothing, gifts, prepared food, and live music.


Saturday 7:30am–2pm Honoka‘a Farmers Market, Mamane St., Honoka‘a, Honoka‘a Trading Co., Old Botelho Bldg. Sunday 9am–2pm * Hamakua Harvest Farmers Market, Honoka‘a Hwy 19 and Mamane St. Quality farm products, live music, educational workshops, covered eating area. Sunday 9am–1pm Laupāhoehoe Farmers Market. Next to the Minit Stop on Hwy 19. Local products. Daily 8am–5pm Pana‘ewa Hawaiian Home Lands Farmers Market, Puainako and Ohuohu Streets by Walmart, Hilo. Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 7am–4pm Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 30 vendors. Wednesday and Saturday 6am–4pm * Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 200 vendors. Saturday 7am–noon * Kino‘ole Farmers Market. Kino‘ole Shopping Plaza, 1990 Kino‘ole St., Hilo, Sunday 7am–2pm Pāhoa Village Farmers Market, Luquin’s/Akebono Theater parking lot in Pāhoa.

Daily 7am–5pm Kea‘au Village Market, 16-6550 Old Volcano Rd., Kea‘au Wednesday Evenings 5–9pm Farmers Market Kalapana end of Kalapana-Kopoho Rd, (Rte 137), next to Kalapana Village Cafe. Local grown produce, ono grinds and live music. Saturday 7:30am–4pm Keaukaha Pana‘ewa Farmers Market. Railroad Avenue, across from Home Depot, Hilo. Homegrown produce offered by Hawaiian Homelands lessees. Saturday 8am–noon * Outer SPACE Ho‘olaulea at Uncle Roberts Awa Club, Kalapana Monday–Saturday 10am–6pm * Cheek Dimples Farm Stand Hwy 11, Mountain View Saturday 8am–1pm * Hilo Coffee Mill, 17-995 Volcano Rd., Mountain View (on Hwy. 11 between mile markers 12 and 13).


Sunday 6:30am–10am * Volcano Farmers Market, Cooper Center, 1000 Wright Rd., Volcano Village. Saturday and Wednesday 8am–2pm Na‘ālehu Farmers Market, Ace Hardware lawn.

Tuesday and Friday 2–5pm Kekela Farms Organic Farmers Market, 64-604 Mana Rd., Waimea. 100% organic. EBT accepted: • Please send info on new markets or changes to | November–December 2016

Wednesday 8:30am–1pm Kings’ Shops Farmers Market Waikoloa Beach Resort Kohala Coast

1st and 3rd Friday of the month 4pm–8pm Mā‘ona Community Garden Friday Night Market 84-5097 Keala ‘O Keawe Rd Honaunau Featuring locally grown fruits, vegetables, fish, meat, local goods, and educational resources.

Sunday 6am–2pm * Maku‘u Farmers Market, Kea‘au-Pāhoa bypass road.


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The Joys of the Season | By Sonia R. Martinez


rom Thanksgiving until the end of December is the perfect time of year to open your home for entertaining. Your house will be showing its best side by already being decorated and ready for the festive season. With the tree all lit up, a few candles all around, a couple of potted poinsettias, some nice Christmas or soft background music and a welcoming wreath at the door, your home will be the perfect stage for any party. Maybe you have avoided being a host because you thought the stress would be too much. Maybe you are terrified at the thought, yet would still like to entertain a small group of friends. Well, here are a couple of simple ideas that can help you achieve success with a minimum of effort. The simplest affairs are usually the best. For small groups, you can show off your best crystal, china and silverware, but for larger groups one may want to consider using compostable serving ware. Plan the menu around a few simple ideas or be as elaborate as you feel capable. If you are not overly enthused about the kitchen and cooking, this is not the time to experiment with new recipes. These are some last minute ideas that are quick and easy and can round out your holiday meal, or can serve as a springboard for a fun party that will not keep you in the kitchen for days. They can also give you a jump-start on planning for a New Year’s party menu.

The Classic Swiss Fondue I found this recipe quite a few years ago in a Food & Wine Magazine and have used it many times. It’s an easy, no-fail recipe. It combines well and could be the centerpiece of the cheese and fruit tray. 1 garlic clove, halved 1 pound Gruyère cheese, grated 1/2 pound Emmentaler or any other Swiss cheese, grated 1 C dry white wine 1 T cornstarch 1 tsp fresh lemon juice 1-1/2 T kirsch (optional) Freshly ground peppercorns Freshly grated nutmeg Rub the inside of a fondue pot or medium enameled casserole dish with the garlic clove; discard the garlic. Combine the grated cheeses with the wine, cornstarch, and lemon juice in the fondue pot and cook over moderate heat over the stove, stirring occasionally, until the cheeses begin to melt, about five minutes. Add the kirsch, if using, and a generous pinch each of the pepper and nutmeg. Continue cooking, stirring gently, until creamy and smooth, about 10 minutes. Don’t overcook the fondue or it will get stringy. Serve immediately with bread slices or chunks, sliced apples, and sliced mushrooms. Beverages If you decide on serving alcohol, plan on at least two drinks per guest per hour: • A 750-milliliter bottle of wine holds four 6-ounce servings. • A liquor bottle of the same size will yield 17 1.5 ounce drinks.  • A gallon of punch averages about 24 servings (*) • Consider a bubbly cider as a great non-alcoholic alternative. If you do serve an alcoholic punch or drinks make sure there are designated drivers in the group and remember to not let your guests drink and drive. (*) To give punch a bit of a sparkling “punch,” add a bottle or two of Ginger Ale or Sprite to the mix just before serving. Have a wonderful time and remember to enjoy your own party! Contact writer Sonia R. Martinez: | November–December 2016

Cheese and Fruit Tray Since we don’t have specialty cheese shops on-island, look carefully in your local supermarket’s cheese bins for a good selection of cheeses. Be sure to select at least two or three yellow aged cheeses such as cheddars, Swiss, Gouda; also a selection of soft cheeses such as Brie, Camembert, and maybe even a soft Mexican like queso fresco or queso blanco. You must also add at least one ‘stinky’ blue cheese such as Gorgonzola, Stilton, or Roquefort, and possibly even a hot and spicy cheese such as a Jalapeño Monterey Jack.

If you have a wooden cutting board, place the cheeses on the board and choose a selection of fruits that go well with cheeses; apples, pears, grapes (both green or red, remember to choose seedless for the sake of your guests!). Add a couple of bowls of macadamia nuts or hazelnuts. A few slices of starfruit add an edible festive touch.


Dovetail Gallery & Design—Hōlualoa


ovetail Gallery & Design is nestled behind the Holualoa Ukulele Gallery (old Hōlualoa Post Office building) in the historic Kona coffee village of Hōlualoa. This unique gallery and custom woodworking shop, opened in 2003, is a “dovetailing” of two dreams by the husband and wife team of Renee and Gerald Ben. The gallery is run by Renee Fukumoto-Ben and features exceptional local artists and their work in contemporary and abstract art, sculpture, wood works, and jewelry. The fine furniture and custom woodwork is made on site by Gerald Ben, known as “Ben,” who also runs the impeccably clean and organized custom wood shop below the gallery. Ben is a sought after designer and woodworker who is commissioned throughout the year by interior designers and direct clientele. His work has been featured in national publications; exhibited and purchased in Japan, the mainland, and throughout Hawai‘i. The onsite custom wood shop is run by Ben and Terry Brogan, a fine craftsman and tutor to apprentices, along with local apprentice, David Clements, who is an up and coming craftsman in his own right. Ben also has an internship program with students from Denmark. The interns, tutored by Ben and his team, stay about six months for a full immersion into woodworking and ceramic arts.


| By Gayle Kaleilehua Greco

L–R: Terry Brogan, The hallmark of David Clements, Gerald Ben the design center is the one of a kind masterpiece of fine furniture and top quality custom wood works, which are designed by Gerald Ben. Working with indigenous koa, mango, monkey pod, and other woods, the craftsmen produce breathtaking creations such as wooden basins, wall light fixtures, wall units, coffee and dining tables, chairs, credenzas, and even pool tables. The gallery features well-known and award-winning local artists whose works include: sculpture and ceramics by Gerald Ben, David Kuraoka, Ken Matsuzaki; monotypes by Nora Yamanoha; paintings by Jeera Rattanangkoon, Glenn Yamanoha; fiber arts by Carlene Keller, Ellen Crocker, Lynn Nakamura; and jewelry by Kristi Yamanaka of Pia and Michio. Renee’s talent for curating and interior design, leaves one wandering through a Zen-like path from one magnificent piece of art to another, all the while being able to intimately admire each piece of art and consider your purchase.

Dovetail Gallery & Design 76-5942 Mamalahoa Highway, Hōlualoa Custom Woodworking Shop: Mon–Fri, 8am–4:30pm Gallery: Tues–Sat, 11am–4pm 808.322.4046 These stories are special features for our advertisers.If you have a

business you would like to have featured, please call 808.327.1711 x1.

Kathleen Dunphy Studio—Kainaliu


verything you see in Kathleen Dunphy Studio art gallery in Kainaliu is inspired, created, and hand-built by the artist herself. In fact, most days you can watch Kathleen work in her gallery studio. All around, you see whimsical characters that can come to life as puppets when you put your hand inside, primitive sculptures, fiber art, masks, and paintings on metal. Kathleen is a multiple award winner at the annual Trash Art Show in Hilo and the Kona Coffee Hitting Festival. Some of her pieces are owned by the Nail celebrities, such as Rosanne Barr. on the A world traveler, she grew up in the Head famous Haight-Ashbury district in San Francisco, giving her a deep appreciation of the diversity of cultures in our world, and eventually settled in South Kona. “The people I met, places visited and events I experienced gave me a global perspective of where we were headed, while also seeing history gave me roots in the ancient voices from which we emerged and still live with us,” she says. Primarily, Junk Yard Dog she creates multi-media assemblages made of found objects, paint, and sculptures. Each one is an original, and because you can buy

| By Karen Valentine

the art directly from the artist for less, she says, you are getting a good value. Dunphy Studio is located on the main highway in Kainaliu town in South Kona, directly across the street from Oshima Store and next to Wally’s Watch Shop, both landmarks in town. Kathleen also enjoys teaching children, and parents can make arrangements to set up one-on-one lessons. To get a good idea of her work, enjoy the photos on this page and try to imagine all the materials that went into each one.

Lita, modeled after the artist’s grandmother

Kathleen Dunphy Studio 79-7393 Mamalahoa Hwy, Kainaliu Tues, Thurs–Sun: 9am–5pm (closed Mon, Wed) 808.747.7257 The Way We Are Wired

The artist, Kathleen Dunphy in her studio

Birds of No Feathers, constructed of bowling pins


Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

Akamai Events

Basically Books 808.747.2829

InBigIsland 808.322.3362

Downtown Hilo Improvement Association

Island of Hawaiʻi Visitors Bureau 808.935.8850 800-648-2441 Karla Heath, 808.224.1404 Shirley Stoffer, 808.345.2627

Friends of NELHA 808.329.8073 808.965.9990 808.322.9924

Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park Volcano Art Center Julie Callahan, 808.967.8222

Holualoa Village Association

Food Hub Kohala


Aloha Theatre–Kainaliu Aloha Performing Arts Company 808.961.5711

Donkey Mill Art Center 808.333.6936

Akebono Theater–Pāhoa

Hawaii Museum of Contemporary Art/ EHCC 808.961.0144

Honoka‘a People’s Theatre 808.775.0000

Hulihe‘e Palace

Hawai‘i Homegrown Food Network 808.329.1877

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i 808.969.9703

Kahilu Theatre–Waimea 808.885.6868

Kailua Village Business Improvement District 808.326.7820

Kalani Oceanside Retreat 808.965.0468

Kona Historical Society 808.323.3222

Kona Choral Society 808.334.9880

Kona Stories Bookstore 808.324.0350

Kona Choral Society

Susan M. Duprey, Artistic Director Announces

The 2016 Holiday Concert Series | November–December 2016

Bach’s Magnificat & Handel’s Messiah


Sunday, December 4th, 2016 • 4:00 PM Sheraton Kona Resort & Spa Tickets: Adults $25 • Students $5

Joy To The World

Sunday, December 11th, 2016 • 4:00 PM Old Airport Maka´eo Pavilion our annual free concert for the community

Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

Lyman Museum

Society for Kona’s Education & Art (SKEA) Liz Ambrose, 808.935.5021 808.328.9392

UH Hilo Performing Arts Center

Nā Wai Iwi Ola (NWIO) Foundation

North Kohala Community Resource Center

Queens’ MarketPlace–Waikoloa

Waimea Community Theatre

Kingsʻ Shops–Waikoloa

The Shops at Mauna Lani

West Hawai‘i County Band

Kona Commons Shopping Center

CROSSWORD SOLUTION 808.885.5818 808.889.5523

One Island Sustainable Living Center 808.328.2452 808.961.8699

West Hawaii Dance Theatre and Academy Virginia Holte, 808.329.8876

Palace Theatre–Hilo 808.934.7010

Log onto websites for event calendars

Keauhou Shopping Center 808.974.7310 Kumu Keala Ching

Resort and Shopping Center Cultural Events 808.322.3000 808.886.8811 808.334.0005 808.886.8822 808.885.9501

Kona International Marketplace 808.329.6262

Prince Kuhio Plaza 808.959.3555

Aloha Performing Arts Company Presents

Friday & Saturday 7:30 pm Sunday 2:30 pm

Treat yourself to some holiday cheer on this magical musical tour

Dietrich Varez

17th Annual Wreath Exhibition Nov. 18th - Jan. 2nd, 2017 Member’s Appreciation & Holiday Celebration Nov. 18th, 5:30pm Champagne Cider Door Prizes Volcano Art Center Gallery in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park

Aloha Theatre, Kainaliu 808.322.9924

9am - 5pm daily. Free; park entrance fees apply | November–December 2016

December 2-18


To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit,

Community Kōkua

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

Volunteer Opportunities


CommUNITY cares

Boys & Girls Club of the Big Island

Donkey Mill Art Center

Methodist Church Palani, Kailua-Kona 3rd Saturday, 10am Trap, neuter, spay, community education, colony feeding, management. Contact Cathy or Nancy 808.327.3724

Kailua-Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–5pm Saturday, 9am–2pm Community suffering from cancer, medical hair loss, domestic abuse. Contact Tiana Steinberg 808.326.2866

Hilo, Kea‘au, Pāhoa, Pāhala Oceanview, Hāmākua Monday–Friday, 2:30–5pm Volunteers needed for after-school youth programs 808.961.5536

Holualoa Holualoa Foundation for Arts and Culture Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4pm Volunteers help in arts education program. Contact Anne Catlin 808.322.3362

Calabash Cousins

Hulihe‘e Palace Grounds, Kailua-Kona 2nd Tuesday of the month 1–2:30pm Men and women who support the mission of Daughters of Hawai‘i. Contact BK Calder 808.329.9555

Friends of Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden

Captain Cook Saturday, 9am–noon Volunteers needed to help with weeding, trimming and maintenance of the garden. Contact Peter 808.323.3318 or 808.936.6457 Ethnobotanical-Garden-761479683986161

BIDfor HAWAI I ` | November–December 2016


Start your holiday shopping with aloha! Buy Hawai i products and support our local businesses.

ONLINE BIDDING DATES Nov. 28 - Dec. 12 Hotel Stays | Helicopter Tours | Airline Tickets Golf | Kona Coffee | Gift Certificates | Excursions (808) 329-1758 | |

Friends of NELHA

Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawai‘i Keahole Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–noon Share Ocean Science/Technology using deep ocean water. 808.329.8073

Hamakua Youth Foundation, Inc.

Hamakua Youth Center, Honoka‘a Daily, Mon. Tue. Fri. 2–5:30pm Wed. 1–5:30pm, Thu. 2–8pm Serving Hamakuaʻs school-age kids. Contact T. Mahealani Maiku‘i 808.775.0976

Hawaii Adult Literacy/Volunteer Training

Hawai‘i Community College, Kailua-Kona Ongoing 11am–3:30pm Training to teach low-literacy adults to improve their reading and writing. See website for more info.

Hawai‘i Island Humane Society

Kona Shelter, Kailua-Kona Monday–Saturday, 9am–5pm Need volunteers 16 or older, parent/child team 6 or older. Contact Bebe Ackerman 808.217.0154

Hawaii Museum of Contemporary Art (aka East Hawaii Cultural Council)

Hilo Monday–Friday, 8am–3pm Volunteer in the art galleries, performing arts, classes, workshops, festivals. 808.961.5711

Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund

Wai‘ōhinu Coastline, Ka‘ū SE Hawai‘i Island beach cleanups. Ongoing 7:45am Contact Megan Lamson 808.769-7629

To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit,

Community Kōkua

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

Volunteer Opportunities

Hospice Care

North Hawai‘i Hospice, Waimea Monday–Friday, 8am–4:30pm Care for families facing serious illness. Contact Catrinka Holland 808.885.7547

Hospice of Hilo, East Hawai‘i

Serving Laupāhoehoe to South Point Ongoing Seeking volunteers to provide staff support and care to patients and families. Contact Jeanette Mochida 808.969.1733

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i

Hilo Tuesday-Sunday 9am–5pm Assist with tours, shows, education programs and membership. Contact Roxanne Ching 808.969.9704

Kahalu‘u Bay Education Center

Kahalu‘u Beach, Kailua-Kona Daily 9:30am–4:30pm ReefTeach Volunteers educate visitors on reef etiquette and protection. Contact Rachel Silverman 808.887.6411

Kalani Retreat Center

Kalapana Varied Schedules Seeking volunteers: skilled trades/ maintenance, housekeeping, kitchen, horticulture. Contact Volunteer Office 808.965.7828

Kohala Animal Relocation & Education Service (KARES)

Kamuela/Kona Shopping Area Saturdays and/or Sundays, 11am–4pm Volunteers needed to assist with pet adoption events. Contact: Deborah Cravatta 808.333.6299

Kona Choral Society

Parrots in Paradise Sanctuary

Kona Toastmasters

Rainbow Friends Animal Sanctuary

Kailua-Kona Seeking volunteers for help with box office and ushering at our concerts. Contact John Week 808.334.9880 Kailua-Kona 1st and 3rd Tuesdays, 6pm Lynn Bell 808.989.7494

Ku‘ikahi Mediation Center

Hilo Ongoing Become a volunteer mediator via Basic Mediation Training and apprenticeship. 808.935.7844 ext. 5

Lions Clubs International

Various Locations, Kailua-Kona 2nd Tuesday, 5:30pm “We Serve” is the motto of Lions Clubs International. Contact Lani 808.325.1973

Make-A-Wish Hawaii

Ongoing Granting wishes for children with life-threatening medical conditions. 808.537.3118

North Kohala Community Resource Center

Paradise Ponies, Carousel of Aloha

Hilo Coffee Mill, Mountain View Ongoing Seeking volunteers to create the Carousel of Aloha Pavilion. Contact Katherine Patton 808.315.1093

Kurtistown Ongoing Volunteers needed to help care for the animals, repairs and maintenance to the Sanctuary, and help with the office paperwork. Contact Mary Rose 808.982.5110

Snorkel Day for People with Disabilities Kahalu‘u Beach Park, Kailua-Kona 3rd Friday, 10am–2pm Volunteers needed. Contact Stephanie Kovatch 808.326.4400 x 4017

Sundayʻs Child Foundation

Kamuela Serving at-risk youth aged 6 to 17 Volunteers needed islandwide. Contact Lauren Rainier 877.375.9191

The Pregnancy Center

Kailua-Kona (serves the entire island) Monday–Friday Volunteers needed and appreciated! Free pregnancy testing, ultra sound, and client support. Contact Matthew Schaetzle, Director 808.326.2060

Therapeutic Horsemanship of Hawaii Kailua-Kona Volunteers are the heart and soul of this program. All levels of expertise needed. Contact Nancy Bloomfield 808.937.7903

Visitor Aloha Society of Hawai‘i Island (VASH) Islandwide Ongoing Volunteers need to provide assistance to visitors who experience misfortune while visitingHawai’i Island. Training provided. Contact Phoebe Barela 808.756.0785 Kona 808.756.1472 Hilo | November–December 2016

Kohala Welcome Center, Hawi Daily 9am–noon or noon–3pm Greet people to North Kohala with aloha. Contact Juanita Rivera 808.889.5523

Kealakekua Flexible hours Monday–Friday Sanctuary for displaced parrots. Contact Dorothy Walsh 808.322.3006


Holuakoa Gardens & Café Talk Story with an Advertiser | By Megan Moseley

S | November–December 2016

age Hecht and his stepfather Claggett “Wilson” Reed are the owners and operators of the farm-totable restaurant Holuakoa Gardens and Café in Hōlualoa on the west side of Hawai‘i Island. Visitors to this quaint establishment enjoy a variety of food rooted in the “slow-food movement,” a concept that values the principles of high-quality taste, environmental sustainability and social justice. At Holuakoa Gardens & Café, they serve locally raised beef, chicken, pork, and plenty of greens to fulfill your heart’s desire. While farm-to-table, organic and sustainable are more or less catchy buzzwords these days; Wilson said they were ahead of the curve when they opened the restaurant in 2008. “We were one of the first restaurants to be dedicated to local food when we first opened,” he says. They’ve continued to stick with those values and currently purchase their food from multiple farmers, the farmers market and even grow and raise some of the goods themselves. Wilson and Sage’s mother invented the local-style restaurant during the early 2000s. At the time, Wilson, a trained chef from the French Culinary Institute, desired a change from the everyday stress of working in a high-end resort on island and wanted to bring his talents and vision into his own business. Eventually, the duo found an old coffee shop and transformed the building into the Holuakoa Gardens & Café. The restaurant is located in the charming town of Hōlualoa, an area that both Sage and Wilson admire and adore. “I love this community. They’ve really embraced us and it’s a very special village,” Wilson says. Holuakoa Gardens and Café is available for private parties and special events.


Holuakoa Gardens & Café 76-5901 Mamalahoa Hwy, Hōlualoa Brunch—Mon–Fri: 10am–2:30pm; Sat–Sun: 9am–2:30pm Dinner—Mon–Sat: 5:30pm–8pm Coffee Shop—Mon–Fri: 6:30am–6pm; Sat: 8am–6pm Sun: 8am–2:30pm 808.322.5072

Jade P McGraff, MD Talk Story with an Advertiser


Jade P. McGaff, MD (Jade McGaff Cosmetic Laser, LLC) 65-1235A Opelo Rd, Suite 2, Kamuela 808.345.8509 These stories are special features

for our advertisers. If you have a business you would like to have featured, please call 808.327.1711 x1.

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r. Jade McGaff is offering an exciting new FDAapproved therapy at her new office in North Hawai‘i! Can you imagine being able to restore gynecologic health without surgery, pain, or downtime? Almost half of the women in the U.S. suffer symptoms from declining estrogen. Eighty percent of women feel these symptoms negatively impact their lives, yet very few women consult with their doctors for solutions to these issues. The MonaLisa Touch is a novel laser therapy to treat these gynecologic issues. It is the only technology supported by histological data and extensive clinical studies published in esteemed gynecologic journals.  MonaLisa Touch has been described as a “game changer” by Dr. Mickey Karram, an internationally renowned Urogynecologist and Pelvic Surgeon, and expert in postmenopausal vaginal health. Dr. Karram believes MonaLisa Touch is an option that is changing patient’s lives. MonaLisa Touch is an ideal treatment that is fast, simple and safe. • Three–five minute treatments at six week intervals • No anesthesia and no pain • In-office procedure • Annual follow up treatment once a year “I have been extremely impressed with the response of the bladder to this therapy, as well. My premenopausal women often stop leaking urine after only the first of the three treatments! The restoration of healthy sexual function for my clients has been especially rewarding,” says Dr. McGaff. Dr. McGaff also offers bio-identical hormones, gynecological exams, women’s health, anti-aging treatments, laser therapies, and skincare treatments. Dr McGaff trained at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, is a Board Certified OB-Gyn, and has always practiced Integrated Medicine, working with Naturopaths, Midwives, Acupuncturists, and other holistic practitioners. This exciting new venture is the collaboration of the ‘Dynamic Duo”—Dr. Joan Greco and Dr. Jade McGaff. Watch for specials and innovative new therapies involving stem cells, laser lipolysis and more. Easy financing is available. 

H E A R T S & S T A R S


Kona Boys, Inc.


Celebrating a Long Time Advertiser with Ke Ola

wo surfing friends who wanted to leave the mainland bigbusiness world and follow their passions are now making their passion their business. After graduating from Northern Arizona University, Frank Carpenter had worked for a large corporation and several startups in California. He had visited family in the Kona area since childhood and traveled here for surf trips. Feeling the call to move here, he approached his fellow surfer and college buddy, Brock Stratton, to join him. It wasnʻt a hard sell. “We came to an epiphany,” Frank says. “We wanted to do something based on lifestyle rather than money.” The two took the leap and joined the Kealakekua-based Kona Boys, Inc. water sports business in 1996, completing the acquisition of the company from its previous owner in 2000. Over the years, the two have expanded the business both physically and in its product offerings. Because this year marks their 20th anniversary, a new website, and enhanced branding is in the works, says Frank. “We want to emphasize our entire range of offerings under one banner,” he says. Kona Boys is one of only three companies permitted to conduct guided kayak tours in the protected waters of Kealakekua Bay. In addition to offering half-day guided and catered tours, they offer kayak rentals and sales; surfboard rentals and sales; stand up paddle board and snorkel gear rentals and sales, as well as retail clothing and equipment. There are now two locations. Kona Boys’ original store, which has expanded, is on the highway in Kealakekua, convenient to customers on their way to go kayaking in Kealakekua Bay. Kona Boys also operates the Beach Shack on Kamakahonu Bay in front of Courtyard King Kamehameha’s Kona Beach Hotel, where you can rent stand-up paddle boards and take lessons or tours; rent kayaks, snorkel, boogie boards and beach gear; or take outrigger canoe rides. They also sell standup paddle boards there. Frank says the company has three guiding principles: Customer Service,

Humpback Whale watching

Community, and Culture. They honor their mission to protect the ocean and participate in volunteer projects like quarterly clean-ups at Kona Beach Kealakekua Bay. Shack “Our focus is not only on providing guided tours, but in perpetuating our host culture by building in a narrative of the history and understanding of the culture. We pride ourselves on having extensive local knowledge, superior equipment and customer service, plus a focus on safety.” “We are passionate about protecting the ocean. It’s important to give our customers a good experience on the ocean to let them see what there is to protect. By appreciating the sea life and beauty of our resources, we hope it will instill in them a desire to participate in its protection.” Kona Boys Inc. 79-7539 Mamalahoa Hwy., Kealakekua Kealakekua Shop 808.328.1234 Daily, 7:30am–5pm Kona Beach Shack 808.329.2345 Daily, 8am–5pm Kealakekua Shop

This story is a special feature for our long time advertisers. If you have a business you would like to have featured, please call 808.327.1711 x1.



LAST CHANCE FOR 2016 RATES! Ads this size are $328 for each 2 month issue and can be paid at $164 per month! 24,000 copies are distributed island wide every 2 months!

Reserve your spot in the Jan/Feb ’17 issue by 11/20! East Hawai‘i: 935.7210 West Hawai‘i: 329.1711



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Ka Puana–The Refrain | November–December 2016

Author Cecilia Johansen is a Waimea, Hawai‘i Island resident. These excerpts are used with permission.


Page 31 Nāihe was well-respected from Kaimū all the way to ‘Āpua. However, the men would not offend him by saying they had already seen the runner. King Kalani‘ōpu‘u's runners, wearing malo, were famous for being able to run flat out so their loincloth would shoot straight out behind them. When the men and their sons reached the beautiful black sand beach of Kalapana, all the people living nearby were assembled. The crowd included family heads of the ahupua‘a from Poupou, Kamoamoa, Kahauale‘a, Kapa‘ahu, Kalapana, and Kaimū2 and stood on the sandy beach or floated in canoes on the water. ‘Eleu never paid attention to what people looked like, and quite suddenly, he was aware of his father's appearance. Kanewa was his name—the war club. It seemed an odd thing to be called, but his father was a tall strong man with very large hands. “Sort of club-like, I guess,” he thought to himself, wrinkling his nose. Hands like that would be desired in his profession. His father was an expert with the adze of all sizes and could flake great large pieces as well as the most delicate of pieces from koa logs of which the canoes were made. He was able to hew out a log faster than any other canoe makers in the district, which made him a favorite of the local chiefs. With that last canoe of the fleet done in record time, he would be the favorite of the great chief Kalani‘ōpu‘u. ‘Eleu noticed how the people respected his father, and when it came time to remove the canoe from its halau wa‘a, the long house built to protect it, the boy immediately felt pride that he was the canoe maker's son—a new feeling for the young boy of five years old. 2. Except for Kalapana, these ahupua‘a have not survived due to lava flow.

Page 78 One early morning, royal messengers came to Pāwa‘a to request some men, especially ‘Eleu and Waipā, who would be going to the navy yard at Kealakekua. ‘Eleu recognized two of those men who came for him at Waimanalo. He agonized over the turn of events. There was no time to get word to his family. Somehow, he must let them know where he was going. Work at the bay on Hawai‘i Island was the same. Hundreds of logs had their cores removed and the pepeiao gouged out inside at intervals. Seats fitted with the was underneath would prevent the hull from twisting. Those seats would hold two paddlers each. With the addition of the platform between the hulls, the combined carrying capacity of the peleleu could easily be two hundred forty paddler-warriors plus gear. The sails made of canvas were attached to ‘ōhi‘a lehua masts, resembling the schooners that came to the islands. The new sailing vessels were called wa‘a peleleu, the large war canoes for Kamehameha's approaching invasion. ‘Eleu was good at all the canoesʻ lashing with ‘aha. Beside his duties of finishing hulls, he was requested to tie the intricate pā‘ū o Lu‘ukia, the decorative and strong lashing by which the lako (outrigger boom) was attached to the canoe. During the day, ‘Eleu worked hard to keep himself from thinking. The nights were not so lucky. He rolled around on his pallet dreaming, constantly dreaming of his family. Maka pilau, evil ghosts, robbed him of his sleep. He usually awoke in drenching sweats and foul moods. ‘Eleu's only comfort was his friend Waipā. Then it happened. A ship appeared in the bay at noon. Sailors came to trade iron for food and water. The canoe makers stopped to observe the movements of the boats lowered off the ship with barrels in tow, sailors swarming over the boarding nets spread out over the sides. ‘Eleu never looked their way and began gathering his tools. It was time for the noonday meal. He was hungry and in another foul mood. He did not care anymore about the big ships. The sailors came and went from the shore to the ship at Ka‘awaloa and Keei. Back and forth, they came until it was too dark to see. The women from shore tried to come aboard under the cover of night, but the captain would not allow it and sent them packing. He had another thing in mind. Early the next morning, some sailors were hiding on shore by Ka‘awaloa Point for “that other thing.” ‘Eleu had gone alone for a swim in the half-light of the bay to wash off the stench of the night’s sleepless trauma and was surprised that the ship was still anchored in the bay. He finally felt refreshed and went back to shore and picked up his kit to begin the day’s work. All the while, his only thoughts were of his family. His inattention to his surroundings was something a warrior would never do. The men quietly followed their excellent candidate who was easy pickings. ‘Eleu felt a stunning blow to the back of his head. All was blackness, and he again was fighting the maka pilau.

Contact author Cecilia Johansen: The Canoe Maker’s Son is available from Basically Books, Kona Stories, and other local bookstores.

November-December 2016  
November-December 2016