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Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine The Life |


From Kapa to Kalo Kamehameha’s Birthplace Hawai‘i Island is the Orchid Isle

May – June Mei – Iune



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Front cover: Two Orchids in Yellow Aloha, a photo giclĂŠe on canvas by Joalene Young. Table of contents: 2.5 Millimeter Orchid, a photo by Louie Perry. Read more about the artists on page 81.

The Life

Hawaiÿi Island’s Community Magazine May – June | Mei – Iune 2019


From Kapa to Kalo


Creative Filmmaking on Hawai‘i Island


Leche de Tigre


By Karen Valentine By Ma‘ata Tukuafu

Celebrating Ten Years of Dancing and Grooving By Karen Rose


4-H Clubs Inspire Kids “To Do”


Russell Ruderman


Heart and Memory


Louise Hawkins


By Fern Gavelek

A Lifetime of Adventure and Purpose By Lara Hughes An Old Plantation Store Still Serves Community By Catherine Tarleton A Centenarian and a World Angler By Paula Thomas


“Miloli‘i aku nei au lā…At Miloli‘i there was I…”


Kamehameha’s Birthplace


By Marcia Timboy

And the Many-Layered History of Kokoiki, Kohala By Jan Wizinowich


Hawai‘i Island is the Orchid Isle


Letting the Bees Be


Saving ‘Oha Wai


A Taste of Anything but Plain


By Denise Laitinen

A Simple, Sustainable Approach to Bee Farming By Sara Stover How a Rare Hawaiian Plant Has Been Given Life By Rachel Laderman Hawai‘I Island’s Vanilla Industry By Brittany P. Anderson

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Hawaiÿi Island’s Community Magazine May – June | Mei – Iune 2019

Ka Wehena: The Opening

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The Life

Kaulana Ni‘ihau Noho Mehameha


By Kumu Keala Ching


Managing with Aloha


Ready, Steady, Pono! By Rosa Say

Island Treasures

Mountain Gold Jewelers


Talk Story With An Advertiser

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Local Food

Cool for the Summer: Vanilla Lemonade Granita 29 By Brittany P. Anderson

Kela Me Keia: This & That

Crossword Puzzle Hawai‘i Island Happenings Community Kōkua Farmers Markets Advertiser Index

Ka Puana: Closing Thoughts

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651: He kāhiko ho‘okahakaha no ia kula. 94 | May-June 2019

Mary Kawena Pukui, Olelo Noeau: Hawaiian Proverbs and Poetical Sayings.


Look for Hawaiÿi Island Weddings, Honeymoons, and Special Occasions Islandwide! The official magazine of


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From Our Publisher here on Hawai‘i Island. How exciting for the people who are receiving them to get a surprise in the mail every two months from their favorite place! Consider sending them to your loved ones away from home, or order one for yourself and have the magazine delivered to your door with some fun new products every two months! They can be ordered via our website’s subscription page, or by calling or emailing us. All our contact information is on page 93 of this issue. As we head into the summer season, and mark the one-year anniversary of the beginning of the most recent lava flow, we give thanks for our clear air and beautiful island. Visitors are arriving and commerce is returning to normal after a very difficult time for so many businesses across the island. We are an island community, and it’s imperative that we support each other by shopping at local stores, eating at restaurants, even buying subscriptions and ads in this magazine, to ensure its perpetuation. Many times people tell us how much they love and appreciate Ke Ola Magazine, followed by “How do you pay for all these free magazines?” The answer is, it’s our advertisers who deserve all the gratitude for ensuring that free copies continue to be available into the future. It’s primarily our sponsors and advertisers who are responsible for us being able to do what we do, so please call and stop by their businesses, being sure to let them know you saw their ad in Ke Ola Magazine. We appreciate each and every one of them for valuing Ke Ola to reach their customers, who are our readers. If you are a businessperson who loves Ke Ola Magazine, and aren’t advertising yet, we would love to have you join our advertiser ‘ohana. With ads starting at less than $200 a month, it’s still cheaper than any other type of marketing on the island that we’re aware of and it’s seen indefinitely, every time someone picks up the magazine! Much aloha always, Barbara Garcia

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In perusing the stories for this issue, it occurred to me that greatness comes in many forms. Whether we’re telling stories about King Kamehameha, the great warrior who united the Hawaiian islands; the children (and adults) who participate in 4-H programs to better their lands; the resurrection of the ‘Ōhā Wai, a flowering shrub that was not long ago destined for extinction; the propagation of orchids on our island; the perpetuation of Hawaiian culture through Bernice Akamineʻs art; preserving the history of Miloli‘i; Russell Ruderman—a businessman who became a politician to give a voice to his community; propagating bees for the betterment of the planet; Leche de Tigre—a group of amazing musicians who have created great original music; the beautiful sites where films are shot on the island; Louise Hawkins, a centenarian who still holds a world record for deep-sea fishing; and even the farming of delicate and difficult vanilla, all are examples of different kinds of greatness. It is truly our honor to share these stories of greatness with you. Are there stories you’d like to see shared in Ke Ola Magazine? We are always accepting suggestions via our Painting by Steve Irvine website’s “suggest story idea” page. In particular, we’re looking for more inspiring kūpuna (elders) and keiki (children); land and ocean sustainability; also if you come across any interesting homes or other buildings that are architecturally or historically significant, or have been sustainably built using non-traditional methods, reused materials, off-the-grid, unique tiny homes, unusual locations— all interesting subject matter will be considered. We are continuing to offer story sponsorships for those business people who would like to partner with Ke Ola Magazine on a deeper level. In its second year, our Aloha Gift Box subscriptions have proven to be a hit! We weren’t sure what to expect after the first year, and are so gratified that many people have renewed for a second year, plus we’re receiving new orders all the time. The gift boxes go out every two months with each new issue of the magazine, along with some items that were created

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Ka Wehena

Kaulana Ni‘ihau Noho Mehameha Na Kumu Keala Ching

‘Ae, Kaulana Ni‘ihau Noho Mehameha Kaulana Ni‘ihau noho mehameha Aia Kawaihoa, Poli o Lehua Pi‘i a‘ela ‘o Paniau uka ala Alaka‘i Ni‘ihau, Mokuola ē Noho Ni‘ihau i Kauanaulu Pu‘uwai Aloha o ka ‘Ohana Ho‘omana Ni‘ihau i Pu‘uwai Alaka‘i Ni‘ihau, Mokuola ē

Famous Ni‘ihau honored indeed Where Kawaihoa, bosom of Lehua Ascend upward to Paniau Ni‘ihau, a living island Ni‘ihau reside at Kauanaulu Loving heart of the families Akua honored at Pu‘uwai Ni‘ihau, a living island

He aloha Ni‘ihau Alo ke Akua Maluhia ka pilina koho i ka moku Mokumoku ke one, puka Kahelelani Alaka‘i Ni‘ihau, Mokuola ē

Ni‘ihau resembles the love of God Peacefulness relative of Ni‘ihau Within the sand, Kahelelani is revealed Ni‘ihau, a living island

Hanohano Ni‘ihau, Moku Unulani Wewehe ka nani, Huna Moku ala ‘A‘ala Kaua‘i, Moku Pāpapa Alaka‘i Ni‘ihau, Mokuola ē

Famous Ni‘ihau is the island of Unulani Beauty uncovered the hidden island Pathway of Kaua‘i is Ni‘ihau Ni‘ihau, a living island

Eō mai Ni‘ihau noho mehameha Ke aloha Ni‘ihau maluhia ala Lei hiwahiwa kau i ka poli Alaka‘i Ni‘ihau, Mokuola ē He mele Kaulana iā Ni‘ihau, noho mehameha

Famous Ni‘ihau honored indeed Ni‘ihau peaceful and loved Precious lei placed of honor Ni‘ihau, a living island A song honoring Ni‘ihau

Eia ho‘i ke aloha nui i nā ‘ohana kō Ni‘ihau, i kō lākou aloha nui i ke Akua, i kō lākou ho‘omana i nā pono ‘ohana, i kō lākou hānai ho‘i inā kamali‘i, i kō lākou ola i ke ola Hawai‘i ā i kō lākou ka‘ana me nā poe kō Hawai‘i. He alaka‘i kō ke ola o Ni‘ihau ā he aloha kō ke ola Hawai‘i i kō Ni‘ihau. E Ola! Honoring with love the families of Ni‘ihau, their love for the Heavenly Father, their overwhelming blessing of a righteous family, their capabilities of caring for the children, their “Hawaiianness” lifestyle and their abilities of sharing with everyone of Hawai‘i. Ni‘ihau, youʻre truly a leader and Hawai‘i loves you. Let it live!

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Hawai‘i Island Is the Orchid Isle

By Denise Laitinen

T | May-June 2019

here was a time when fields of orchids covered wide swaths of East Hawai‘i, especially Kapoho in lower Puna. So popular were orchid flowers from Hawai‘i Island in the 1950s and 1960s that they were shipped to the mainland by the planeload. At one time there was even an Orchidarium in Hilo, a town known as the “Orchid Capital of the World.” Even now you can find the purple and white orchid bamboosa, commonly called bamboo orchid, growing wild along the side of the road in certain areas. So it’s no surprise that Hawai‘i Island is nicknamed the “Orchid Isle.” With both warm and cool climates, ample sunshine, and abundant humidity, “the environment on the east side is ideal for growing orchids,” says Elton Mow, owner of Orchid Plantation Inc. and vice president of the Orchid Growers of Hawai‘i, a nonprofit association comprised mostly of Hawai‘i Island orchid farmers. There are varying accounts of how orchids were brought to Hawai‘i Island, and when. Some say Hilo resident Lester Bryan first brought orchid cuttings to the island after he returned from a trip to Singapore in the early 1920s. What is known is that by the late 1930s there were enough orchid enthusiasts in Hilo that the Hilo Orchid Society was formed. “By the 1940s 10 and 1950s the Big Island was known for having a lot of orchid

Close-up of a phalaenopsis orchid. photo by Denise Laitinen

growers and hybridizers,” says Eric Tanouye, president of the Hawaii Floriculture and Nursery Association and president of Green Point Nurseries. One species of orchid was particularly popular after World War II, a hybrid of the Vanda Miss Joaquim. Originally from Singapore, where it is the national flower, the bright purple orchid flourished in Hawai‘i’s climate, especially in Kapoho. “A lot of the early vandas were grown in Kapoho because of the area’s climate,” says Eric. “The geographic location of Kapoho with its weather patterns was really unique, and

Orchid Society created an Orchidarium on Manono Street in Hilo as a year-round showcase of orchids for visitors and orchid enthusiasts alike. The opening of the Orchidarium was timed to coincide with the inaugural direct flights from the west coast to Hilo. Sadly, over time the Orchidarium has been lost to history. Other orchid gardens have carried on the tradition. Akatsuka’s Orchids Gardens in Volcano opened in 1974. The greenhouse nursery features an 8,000 square foot “orchid maze” in its showroom where visitors can enjoy viewing and learning about orchids for free. Over the decades people have remained fascinated by these beautiful plants. “Orchids have always been a plant that represented prestige, success, and beauty,” explains Eric. “Our culture has always looked at orchids as a valued gift. If you received an orchid you knew the giver had spent a lot of money giving you a special, expensive gift.”

the majority of the state’s supply of cut orchids came from Kapoho,” adds Eric’s son Jon Tanouye, president of Orchid Growers of Hawai‘i. In the 1950s and 1960s vanda orchids grew prolifically in Hilo and lower Puna and there was tremendous interest in Hawai‘i Island orchids. Visiting military personnel sent flowers home to their families. Tourists arriving by ship and airplane were given lei featuring vanda orchids. Corsages made with vanda orchids were shipped by the ton to the mainland. Such was the popularity of orchids that in 1967 the Hilo

Big Business Orchids remain an important part of the island and state’s agricultural economy. In fact, cut and potted orchids are a $14 million crop statewide, according to the US Department of Agriculture 2017 Annual Summary of Hawaii Floriculture and Nursery Products report. Potted dendrobium orchid plants ranked number 14 of the top 20 commodities in the state, with sales valued at $4.6 million statewide as of 2017 (the last year for which data is available). | May-June 2019

Types of Orchids In recent decades it’s become very affordable to buy and grow your own orchids. The types of orchids found on Hawai‘i Island are as varied as the island’s climates. Among the more well known orchid varieties include dendrobiums, cattleyas, cymbidiums, phalaenopsis, oncidiums, and paphiopedilum. Some orchid greenhouses tend to carry an array of orchid types, while others only focus on specific varieties. “The Big Island has many different climates so people can grow a lot of different kinds of orchids,” explains Eric. “You need to know what orchid grows best at what elevation. Dendrobium and vanda are lower elevation orchids while cymbidiums, paphiopedilum, and phalaenopsis are better suited for higher elevations, such as Waimea and Volcano. Other orchid species, such as oncidiums and cattaleya can also grow in medium elevations. “It’s not that hard to grow orchids,” says Eric, “if you have a good mentor teaching you or have an experienced grower showing you. The biggest mistake people make is over watering.” “You can grow a lot of orchids just by tying them to a tree and watering them,” adds Elton. There are three Hawai‘i Island orchid societies where people can learn how to care for orchids (see sidebar). Some orchid growers, like Jennifer Snyder of Orchidpeople of Hawaii in Waimea, hold workshops several times a year at their greenhouses to educate people of all ages about orchids. “It’s really about sharing what we love and you hope someone out there gets inspired. That’s how the kids get interested,” says Jennifer.

Impacted by Lava When lava started erupting in Leilani Estates and flowing


towards the ocean in the spring of 2018, it had a tremendous impact on Hawai‘i’s floriculture industry, not just locally, but statewide. Within a matter of days in early June, 10 orchid farms were destroyed when a river of lava buried large swaths of Kapoho. “Kapoho was one of the best areas to grow orchids, especially cut orchids, in the state,” says Jon. He explains that “a lot of the floriculture farmers and related companies work together, so even if a floral commodity company was not inundated by lava, they were still impacted by it.” “A large percentage of the state’s orchid growers were wiped out by the lava,” says Elton. Before the lava eruption, Elton was one of the largest orchid growers on the island, with a 12-acre nursery in Kapoho where his family had been growing orchids for more than 26 years. “At least 50% of the cut orchid industry state-wide was

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Paphiopedilum orchids like this yellow one are often called slipper orchids for their little pouch. photo by Denise Laitinen

impacted by the lava flow,” adds Jon. “Kapoho was very unique. It will be hard to find that perfect climate elsewhere.” Elton was fortunate that he also had a half-acre property in Kea‘au and is replanting on a much smaller scale. Unfortunately, orchids are slow-growing plants and he’ll have to wait two to three years for the orchids to grow. Others weren’t so lucky. “Some farmers are completely wiped out and retiring,” explains Elton. “Some are trying to get back and figure out a plan. It’s a whole mixed bag. It’s a long road ahead.” As they work to rebuild their nurseries and plants, orchid growers like Elton hope that orchid enthusiasts keep enjoying the vibrant plants and supporting local growers. People should not be afraid to grow orchids he says. “The plants are very long lasting. People can just enjoy the plant’s beauty and it will help the growers as well.” n | May-June 2019




Breathe Recovery!


DR. ERIC S. MIZUBA D.C., DACBSP | May-June 2019

In recent years, the development of new rehabilitation techniques for sports players with injuries and overexertion has advanced very rapidly. One such treatment that has captured attention is hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Conventionally, hyperbaric has been used in treatments of Conventionall decompression sickness of divers and diabetic foot wounds. Attention has been brought to the area of hyperbaric’s potential for improved recovery from injuries and decreased recovery time. The first reported usage of hyperbaric for sports injury was in Scotland in the late 1980s for professional soccer and golf players. The observed recovery period was decreased by an average of 71% in test subjects. The interest in hyperbaric treatments for sports injuries has since spread rapidly around the world. Natural recovery time from an injury has been expected to have a set pace. In other words, the body only heals at one speed. Although comfort measures and traditional therapies can be applied, the patient must basically wait out the predetermined healing time that nature has set for us. However, with the addition of hyperbarics the previous standard of healing time has been revolutionized.
 A new era in therapeutic treatment has arrived, as scientific data continually documents emerging uses of proven effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
 These are some frequently asked questions about hyperbarics.
 Q: What is hyperbarics?
 A: A therapeutic treatment that increases the atmospheric pressure above 1 atmosphere. Q:What are the effects of hyperbarics in the body? 
A: In normal conditions, only red blood cells have the ability to carry oxygen in the bloodstream. During hyperbaric oxygen therapy, inhaled oxygen dissolves into all body fluids such as plasma, lymph, interstitial, synovial and cerebrospinal fluid.This provides the body with new vehicles of oxygen transport. The result is increased oxygen levels to improve the body’s ability to create new blood vessels, build new connective tissue, and foster growth of new cells during healing. Areas of the body that may have restricted blood flow due to injury are able to receive 14 Dr. Mizuba at Major League oxygen during hyperbaric Baseball's annual meeting of conditions.
 healthcare providers, January 2019

Q: Does hyperbarics improve athletic performance?
 A: Studies indicate improved performance and decreased recovery time, with repeated maximum efforts were observed in groups having hyperbaric treatments. Analgesia-pain levels were reported to be decreased 90-95% by test subjects.
 Q: What are some conditions in the sports world that have been successfully treated by hyperbarics?
 A: Improved adaptation to training, mitigating delayed onset muscle soreness/DOMS. Treatment of concussions, post-concussion syndrome with hyperbarics has shown successful results. Treatment of acute and chronic injuries. 
Q: What can I expect during a hyperbaric treatment?
 A: Treatments last from 15-90 minutes at pressures of 1.2-3.0 atmospheres. People can lie down, sit up, or kneel inside a chamber. A gurney system can assist an impaired person into the chamber as needed. People can read or choose to rest during a treatment.
 If you would like to perform at the top of your game, or simply return to the game, contact Dr. Mizuba to see how hyperbarics may benefit you.
  D Dr. Mizuba is a diplomate of the American Chiropractic Board of Sports Physicians. He employs the practical use of chiropractic sports medicine in his practice for individuals seeking to maintain an active lifestyle. He is serving as staff doctor for hyperbarics and chiropractic at the U.S. Open for golf in Pebble Beach, California in June. He continues to be involved in the healthcare for Major League Baseball. Applying the benefits of hyperbarics to his own endeavors, he has completed two long distance swims over 23 miles and competing in triathlons since 1984.
 From the Athletic Arena to the flower garden, let Dr. Mizuba keep you in YOUR game! This sponsored content is courtesy of Healthways Chiropractic, located at 65-1206 Mamalahoa Hwy. in Waimea. For more information visit or call 808-491-2462

Resources: Orchid Growers of Hawai‘i Orchid Growers of Hawai‘i is a nonprofit service organization comprised of professional potted and cut flower orchid growers in the state of Hawai‘i. Their website has an extensive member directory featuring orchid farms and potted orchid businesses around Hawai‘i Island.

Hawaiÿi Island is nicknamed the Orchid Isle. photo by Denise Laitinen

Orchid Societies on Hawai‘i Island: For those wanting to learn more about growing and caring for orchids, there are three orchid societies on Hawai‘i Island. Each orchid society holds monthly meetings for orchid enthusiasts during which featured speakers give tips and advice on caring for orchids. All three groups also hold their own respective annual orchid show. The Hilo Orchid Society website has detailed information on different varieties of orchids and their care, as well as an orchid species encyclopedia resource. Hilo Orchid Society Founded: 1938 Monthly meeting: second Saturday of the month, 2pm to 4pm Kamana Senior Center, 127 Kamana Street, Hilo Annual show: 67th Annual Hilo Orchid Society Show and Sale, June 28–30, 2019, Edith Kanaka‘ole Stadium For more information:

Kona Daifukuji Orchid Club Founded: 1981 Monthly Meeting: second Wednesday of the month, 6:30pm Daifukuji Soto Mission Hall, 79-7241 Mamalahoa Highway, Honalo Annual Show: 37th Annual Orchid Show and Sale, July 28 2019, Daikufuji Soto Mission Hall (Hwy. 11 at mile marker 114, just north of Kainaliu) For more information: orchidsinparadise | May-June 2019

Kona Orchid Society Founded: 1985 Monthly meeting: first Friday of the month, 6pm Makua Lani Academy Bridge House Building, 74-4966 Kealakaa Street, Kailua-Kona Annual Show: Annual Orchid Show and Sale, May 10–11, 2019, Maka‘eo pavilion at Konaʻs Old Airport Park For more information:


Cattleya orchids are often used in corsages. photo by Denise Laitinen

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Orchid related articles in Ke Ola Magazine: A Home Built Around Orchids September/October 2012 issue | May-June 2019

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There’s Help for Orchid Brown Thumbs (Hilo Orchid Society) May/June 2012 issue Kona Orchid Society May/June 2013 issue Love of Orchids Forges Perennial Friendships (Kona Daifukuji Orchid Club ) June/July 2009 issue

4-H Clubs Inspire Kids ‘To Do’ By Fern Gavelek


t teaches kids life skills…It led me in the right direction and helped me while going through teenage moments…It offers projects for positive youth development…It enables kids to master a skill and chart their own direction…” What organization does all these things and more on Hawai‘i Island? It’s 4-H, the long-established community of young people across the nation learning leadership, citizenship, and life skills via a variety of projects and opportunities. Last year marked a century of 4-H in Hawai‘i—the state’s first 4-H livestock club opened in 1918. 4-H is guided by the three national mandates of healthy living, science, and citizenship. 4-H stands for “Head, Heart, Hands, and Health for Life!” According to Dr. Jeff Goodwin, state 4-H program leader, there are more than 1,300 youth involved in 20 4-H clubs across Hawai‘i Island. Administered by the University of Hawai‘i’s College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 4-H on Hawai‘i Island is overseen by two UH cooperative extension agents, basically splitting the island into east and west sides. Each club chooses an area of interest and related projects. Clubs are involved with animals, robotics, cooking, sewing, gardening, shooting sports like rifle and archery, community service, citizenship, leadership, and agricultural travel. Youths explore their interests through fun, engaging, hands-on learning experiences led by volunteer mentors and club leaders.

Hawai‘i, plus all the isle’s animal-related clubs. Varied projects have included visiting patients at an elderly care facility, a beach cleanup, collecting school supplies, helping out at farms in the community, or taking care of homeless dogs after last year’s East Rift Zone eruption— whatever 4-H’ers do, it has to be connected to their club theme. Becky adds that 4-H’ers have to keep record books of their activities “with the hope that teens are then able to plan projects and see the impacts they are making. They give back to the community without being compensated.” Kona’s Fire Nation 4-H Club is currently involved with a gardening service project to benefit the homeless community. Club leader Janice Blaber says their club, which is made up of middle and high school students at Kona-area schools, built 10 garden boxes for Hale Kikaha, the homeless service center in Kailua-Kona. To raise funds to purchase soil and seeds for the project, club members had a pop-up shop, selling bakery goods and handmade jewelry. Next, the girls will get input on what Hale Kikaha residents want to eat and then plant those seeds for the garden. “4-H is really about positive youth development,” adds Jeff. “The purpose of the projects is to grab their interest and teach them about setting and attaining goals. If we do this

4-H is All About Projects “4-H clubs, for the most part, all do a community service project,” says Becky Settlage, full-time agent for 4-H Youth Development and Livestock. Becky, who got involved with 4-H as a college student, concentrates on club activities for East Montana Miranda of the Hamakua 4-H Livestock Club shows a pig during the annual Livestock Show and Sale. photo courtesy of Jeff Ikeda

while they are having fun with friends, then we have a good chance of achieving the positive youth development purpose of 4-H.” 4H Inspires Action “Leadership by doing” is a common expression used in 4-H. West Hawai‘i’s group of clubs, known as the Kona 4-H Federation, lives up to that reputation according to Iris HigashiOshiro. “The activities that 4-H members are involved in are very purposeful,” she notes. Iris has been involved in 4-H since her youth. In 1986, she co-organized the state’s first Cloverbuds 4-H Club with fellow Friends Inc. 4-H Club member Diana Ilagan (now IlaganClifford). In 2005, she started the Twinkling Stars to involve her daughter and other girls in 4-H “until they graduated from high school.” Now, Iris is involved as a support parent with her younger daughter’s 4-H club, the Busy Bee Buddies in Kealakekua. “Moms in this club rotate leadership yearly,” she says. The Busy Bee Buddies, made up of four high school sophomores and five juniors, focuses on leadership, | May-June 2019

Chairing the West Hawaii Demonstration Day in February 2019 were Busy Bee Buddies 4-H Club members from left: Kaÿi Kunitomo, Shayla Sayphone, Jaymie Kunitomo, Taylie Oshiro, Caileen Kunitomo, and Sara Kimura. photo courtesy of Iris Higashi-Oshiro


citizenship, and life skills, meeting at the UH Kona Cooperative Extension office in Kainaliu. Project areas selected by these 4-H’ers include culture, health lifestyle education, and Rapid ‘Ōhi‘a Death. Busy Bees Buddies leader Lisa Taniguchi, who has been involved with 4-H for 15 years as a support parent, says many kids get their start in 4-H participating in structured programs like the annual West Hawai‘i Demonstration Day. “It teaches 4-H’ers public speaking skills, and individual involvement grows as the kids get older,” Lisa explains. Equestrian Fun Shay Vanzandt and Renee Perez lead the Hands and Hearts of Kohala 4-H Club, Na Lima a me Na Pu‘uwai o Kohala. Shay got involved in 4-H as a young teen, saying, “It led me in the right direction and gave me things to work for. It got me into rodeo and rodeo helped with scholarships.” Organized in 2015, Hands and Hearts 4-H focuses on horses and works in conjunction with the Kohala Ride Wild Club, an animal rescue operation that ministers to orphaned horses, calves, and goats. Ride Wild serves the community, and about 40 keiki learn basic horsemanship, grooming, and get a free riding lesson under the supervision of adult volunteers and 4-H’ers.

Members of the Busy Bee Buddies 4-H Club were chosen to represent Kona last November during the 2018 National 4-H Congress in Atlanta. The girls enjoyed motivational speeches, educational workshops, community service projects, and a variety of opportunities to network, grow, and learn. From left front: Caileen Teramoto, Shayla Sayphone, Jaymie Kunitomo, and Kaÿi Kunitomo; second row from left: Jamie Saito, Sara Kimura, Taylie Oshiro, and Jana Masunaga. photo courtesy of Iris Higashi-Oshiro

“The way the two clubs work together is the 4-H’ers serve as mentors to the Ride Wild Club keiki as a community service,” Shay details. “They encourage the interested keiki to join 4-H— but first they have to pass a test that includes demonstrating how to handle, lead, groom, and secure a horse.” Club activities include riding in Kohala’s King Kamehameha Day Parade and an annual horse show where kids perform in a variety of events: barrel racing, cattle sorting, and two styles of riding: English and Western. The show has pony and carriage rides, a petting zoo, a silent auction, and plate lunch sales to raise club funds. Bringing an Animal to Market Members of the island’s four livestock clubs—Country Clovers, Hilo Rain Makers, Hāmākua Livestock and Ka‘ū Livestock—do projects to feed our island. They raise animals so they are marketable: cattle, hogs, goats, lambs, poultry, and rabbits. These 4-H’ers learn humane animal husbandry skills and record-keeping. Kids are responsible for the financial planning of their project, plus the daily care, feed, and training of their project animals. “The kids develop important life skills while working on economically valuable, hands-on projects,” notes Michelle Galimba, co-leader of the Ka‘ū Livestock Club. “4-H’ers have to figure out how to get along with their animal and teach it to get along with them. It’s especially hard to control pigs.”

Posing for a photo during the Hawaiÿi County 4-H Camp in January 2019 were Country Clover Club members from left kneeling: Caleb Kaniho and Darsen Nobriga; and from left standing: Makakoa Martines, Eli Higa, 4-H leader Lynn Higa, Nahenahe Rosario, Lilia Keakealani, and 4-H leader Beverly Cypriano. photo courtesy of Becky Settlage

Most animal projects 2019 Hawai‘i County 4-H culminate with Livestock Show & Sale participation in the annual Friday, June 14, 3:30–5pm Hawai‘i County Rabbit, Poultry & Goat Shows 4-H Livestock Show & Sale; Saturday, June 15, 8am–4pm this year’s event Lamb, Hog, Steer, & Heifer Shows & is June 14–15 Showmanship (see sidebar). 11:30am Large Animal Round Robin 4-H’ers are 12:30pm Horse Show judged on 2pm Animal Auction the quality of their animals Rocking Chair Ranch’s Anderson and their Arena showmanship 47-5124 Hwy. 19 between Waimea skills. Animals and Honoka‘a are sold by auction. “At the show, each youth demonstrates the ability to effectively present their livestock animal using their project-based knowledge,” adds Michelle. Some of the youth compete further at the Hawai‘i State Farm Fair on O‘ahu and on the mainland.

Kealia Galimba of the Kaÿü Livestock Club shows a heifer at the annual 4-H Livestock Show and Sale. photo courtesy of Jeff Ikeda | May-June 2019


4-H volunteer Tutti Brennan shows Hands and Hearts of Kohala 4-H‘ers how to properly saddle a horse. photo courtesy of Lachelle Crabbe | May-June 2019

Michelle, who was introduced to 4-H as a child, emphasizes, “We must strongly support agricultural education and experiences for our young people if we are to increase Hawai‘i’s food sustainability.”


Adult Volunteers Needed While traditional 4-H programming can be agriculturally based, Becky adds that 4-H has evolved in the last 100 years to also emphasize healthy living, science, technology, and civic engagement. “There’s so many directions kids can take if they have an interest. The challenge is finding volunteers to lead clubs.” She says no experience is necessary to be a 4-H adult volunteer, just an interest to work with kids. “I always say 4-H is about youth and adult development,” shares Jeff, who got involved with the organization when recruited as a high school senior. “Our adult volunteers become better managers and speakers. They become instrumental in these kids’ lives.” East Hawai‘i 4-H’ers also participate in a Giant Fruit & Vegetable Contest at the annual Hawai‘i County Fair in Hilo. The contest is science-based and encourages agriculture and food sustainability. According to Becky, at least five members from two different families are needed to start a club. Clubs pick their own focus and 4-H offers lots of ideas and support for starting leaders. “4-H is a win-win for everybody,” details Shay. “It helps youth become goal-orientated and work as a team with peers and adults. It gives adult volunteers a sense of self-worth as it’s so rewarding to see these kids succeed while having fun.” n How to Get Involved For information on finding a club near you or starting a club, in East Hawai‘i, contact Becky at 808.969.8213. In West Hawai‘i, contact 4-H on O‘ahu at 808.956.4106. Visit for more information

By Karen Valentine s an artist, Bernice Akamine has gone far beyond the basic skills of applying artistic talent to media. When one reaches the pinnacles of art, one has put heart and soul into practice, not to mention, as in Bernice’s case, the expression of cultural heritage retrieved perhaps, as she says, from her Hawaiian ancestors through DNA. Put simply, she says, “My art is meant to make a statement and preserve cultural knowledge.” That’s a short yet significant sentence for an artist with several decades of education, multiple media skills, and numerous grants and awards for her work. Her skills began with making plant dyes as a Artist Bernice Akamine. photo teenager, and perfecting their courtesy of Bernice Akamine application on kapa (tapa, cloth made from bark of the mulberry tree) to the point of becoming a consultant to the Smithsonian Institute, bachelor’s and master’s degrees from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa in

sculpture and glass making, kapa making, hulu (fine feather work and basketry), and multi-media installations in Hawai‘i and across the mainland US. KALO Installation In 2015, Bernice embarked upon a journey to make a historical and cultural statement about the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy, culminating in March 2019, when Bernice mounted an installation exhibit in Honolulu. She was selected as one of 19 artists from Hawai‘i, as well as 28 from Asia and the Americas, to participate in the second Honolulu Biennial Foundation’s exhibit, showing works across the island of O‘ahu from March 8 to May 5, all with the theme “To Make Wrong / Right / Now.” An art installation refers to a grouping of pieces that often occupy an entire room or gallery space that the spectator has to walk through in order to engage fully with the work. What makes installation art different from sculpture or other traditional art forms is that it is a complete, unified experience that tells a story, rather than a display of separate, individual artworks. Bernice’s installation is entitled KALO (referring to the kalo or taro plant) and is a grouping of 87 individual kalo plants made of stone and paper. The corm or base of each kalo is | May-June 2019

21 Art installation KALO. photo courtesy of Bernice Akamine

Art installation KALO. photo courtesy Bernice Akamine

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represented by a pōhaku (stone) and the leaves are made of newsprint, upon which are printed a copy of signatures from the pages of Kū‘e: The Hui Aloha ‘Aina Anti-Annexation Petitions 1897–1898, divided up by the districts of the five islands from which signatures originated. After the overthrow Newsprint leaves on kalo plant structures imprinted with of Queen pages from Anti-Annexation petitions. Lili‘uokalani by photo courtesy of Bernice Akamine the Provisional Government on January 17, 1893, these petitions were signed in protest. To understand the significance of using the kalo plant, you must know that the kanaka maoli (native Hawaiians) consider the taro as the elder brother of their race, originating from a legend or mo‘olelo about Papa, the Earth Mother, and Wākea, the Sky Father, birthing first an unformed child. This first child was buried and grew into a taro plant. The second child became the first kanaka maoli. The pōhaku in the exhibit were donated by community members from the five islands of Kaua‘i, O‘ahu, Maui, Kaho‘olawe, and Hawai‘i to be used for the corm of the kalo plants. The significance of the stones is emphasized by the song Kaulana Na Pua. After the overthrow, members of the Royal Hawaiian Band were told to sign an oath of allegiance to the Provisional Government or they would be out of a job and eating stones. All of the Royal Hawaiian Band members walked out. The band members shared their story with Ellen Prendergast, who wrote the song Mele ‘Ai Pōhaku, The Stone Eater’s Song, or Kaulana Na Pua, as we know the song today. “Everything in that song is significant to why the piece is

the way it is. This installation is a non-confrontational way to remind Hawaiians to be proud of their stand for indigenous sovereignty,” says Bernice, “and to stand up and be counted once again, as there is still much to be done and still much that can be lost.” She continues, “I asked people to donate pōhaku from the different islands where the petitions were signed. The installation is flexible; it can be displayed as one plant or all of them, depending on the space. The Kue: The Hui Aloha ‘Aina Anti-Annexation Petitions were taken to San Francisco by boat and then taken to Washington, DC. So, in June of last year [2018] five of the pieces, one from each island, went to San Francisco and Washington, DC.” Bernice’s KALO is both an installation and a performance piece, which began at ‘Iolani Palace in Honolulu on March 5, 2019. During her interview for this story, while preparing for the exhibition, Bernice said, “I am asking for 87 volunteers to go to Honolulu. Each will carry one of these plants and face the balcony where Queen Liliu‘okalani was imprisoned at the palace, and stand behind them. Students from the Hawaiian Original kapa wall hanging, entitled Moÿolelo, represents the deeds of the god Maui. photo courtesy Bernice Akamine

Ku‘u One Hanau traveling art statement about Hawaiian houseless/homeless. | May-June 2019

photo courtesy of Bernice Akamine


immersion school Ka Papahana o Mailikukahi Kula on the Wai‘anae coast will do an oli, then I will respond to them. After the protocol is done, we will carry the kalo plants across King Street, following the path of the queen the last time she visited Ali‘iōlani Hale four days before the overthrow of the government. We will then install the kalo plants there in the rotunda, where they will stay until May 5, 2019.” “Volunteers can be Hawaiian or anyone,” she says. “Not just Hawaiians signed the petitions. However, there is one more thing I ask of the volunteers: That you come with peace in your heart and respect for everyone participating in the installation of KALO, and for the spaces that it occupies.” A grant from the Native Arts and Cultures Foundation, assistance from Honolulu Biennial Foundation, and Second Sister Foundation supported the exhibit, which won an Honorable Mention award at the event. Plant Dyes and Kapa In 2005, Bernice began documenting the colors resulting from dyes made from native Hawaiian plants during her Hulu, or feather, basket representing a volcano fissure, commissioned by the Australia Museum. photo by Karen Valentine | May-June 2019



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internship at Amy B. H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden. She created a book of about 20 samples of dye paired with the plant photos. “I realized that so many of the Hawaiian plants are on the endangered species list. I felt it very important to document this. The books about dyes tell you things but there are no images to show the true shades. I encourage people who make dyes; however, to Hula dancers from Halau O Kekuhi, performing use non-native plants to in costumes of original kapa in the 2011 Merrie protect those that are Monarch Festival. photo courtesy endangered.” Bernice also makes kapa because she makes dyes, she says. Her kapa is decorated with her original dyes. One special piece was exhibited recently during the Merrie Monarch Festival at the Wailoa Center in Hilo. Entitled Mo‘olelo, the 23-by-41-inch piece is symbolic of the god Maui and his deeds. A 2015 documentary film, Ka Hana Kapa, features Bernice and other kapa makers including master kapa maker Marie McDonald. The program culminates with the dressing of a hula hālau, Hālau o Kekuhi, in Hawaiian kapa for the Merrie Monarch Festival. “It was the first time in over 100 years, a hālau was dressed in original kapa,” Bernice says. They wore the kapa for their performance at the opening of the 2011 Merrie Monarch Festival, which is shown in the film. “In 2011, after we made kapa for the Merrie Monarch Festival, I was invited to the Smithsonian and made up a dye kit for them to help them identify the plants that made the kapa colors in their collections.” Bernice is also currently working on a book on kapa with other craftsmen.

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Multi-Media: Featherwork and Glass The multi-tasking, multi-media artist is also finishing a commission for the Australian Museum. “I was asked to do a response piece to Kalaniopu‘u’s feather cape for an exhibit in Australia. A response piece is art that is created after you look at something and make something that is influenced by it.” The red and yellow ‘ahu ‘ula (feather cape), which was taken by Captain Cook to New Zealand, has recently been returned to Honolulu. “They are going to be celebrating an anniversary of Cook’s voyages soon, so they were looking for artists to do a response piece or another piece. My response was to represent the Hawaiian Islands, England, and the cape’s final resting place in Australia.” Bernice’s contributions include a basket vessel covered in red and yellow feathers, which she says represents a volcano fissure. Another is covered in black and white, representing lava and sandstone, while the third will represent the ocean.

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Color samples from plant dyes. photo by Karen Valentine

In response to the 2017 missile incident in Hawai‘i, Bernice made a protest statement, creating sculptures of spent ammunition cases with pieces of earth encased in blown glass. Making a Statement Bernice has also created a traveling installation, Ku‘u One Hānau, about the Hawaiian houseless, intended to be placed at different sites, saying, “We are not homeless, we are houseless. Hawai‘i is our home.” The installation is made of tents covered with large Hawaiian flags. “I worked with predominantly Hawaiian communities, the houseless communities. We even camped with them. When I installed

them on different sites on O‘ahu and here, people camped with them. The first one had images of people eating sandwiches or watering their plants in tin cans because they have to move. Wherever we installed it, we asked people living there to add their handprints to the flag.” The artist has received many fellowships and awards throughout her career. She lives and works in Volcano with her husband, Glenn, and has many plans for making more statements with her art in the future. n Contact Bernice Akamine:

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28 | May-June 2019

Cool for the Summer Vanilla Lemonade Granita

Local Foods

with Whipped Banana Cream

By Brittany P. Anderson

  Vanilla Lemonade Granita  Ingredients  2 1/2 cups water  3/4 cup local sugar  2 inch piece of vanilla bean, cut in half  2 tsp lemon zest   1 tsp local vanilla extract  1 cup lemon juice—preferably Meyer’s lemon    Method  In a small, nonreactive saucepan, combine 1/2 cup of water with sugar. Add the lemon zest, careful not to include the white pith. If you have long strands of zest, cut in half. Heat water, sugar, and zest on low, frequently stirring with a spatula until the sugar is completely dissolved. Remove from heat, add vanilla extract and remaining water. With the back of a knife gently scrape the inside of one half of the vanilla bean, reserving the other half. Stir to mix the vanilla seeds. Let sit to cool to room temperature. When the mixture is cooled, add the lemon juice and pour into a nonreactive pan and place in the freezer. Once it freezes around the edges, take a fork and stir, breaking into smaller pieces. Put back in the freezer. Check again every 20–30 minutes, stir, and cut any chunks into smaller pieces with a fork until you have small granules of ice. Serve in a glass with whipped coconut cream and enjoy!    Whipped Banana Cream  Ingredients  2 Tbsp coconut cream  Reserved half of vanilla bean  3 peeled, frozen apple bananas    Method  Take frozen apple bananas and place in blender. Depending on blender you may have to cut into pieces first. Add coconut cream. With the lid securely fastened, blend until whipped. If needed, add more coconut cream in small increments to allow for sufficient whipping. Once smooth, with the back of a knife, scrape the reserved half of vanilla bean. Blend to mix. Use immediately.    Serving suggestion: In a layering fashion, place a dollop of Whipped Banana Cream at the bottom of a cup or bowl, then a scoop of Vanilla Lemonade Granita alternating so there are two layers of each. | May-June 2019

  Lemonade is the official drink of summer. When I was 11 years old, my sister and I briefly had a lemonade stand. We sold cups of lemonade during rush hour when cars were stopped in traffic on our street. She and I shuttled waxed paper cups with little flowers printed on them filled with what was most likely very tart lemonade. We sold lemonade until we were out of cups, our hands sticky from spilling. I don’t remember how much money we made, but we pocketed enough to walk into town for Italian ice.    Italian ice is similar to shave ice in that it is ground ice with fruit juices and sometimes served with ice cream or custard. The significant distinction between the two is that with Italian ice the juice is combined with water before shaving. Growing up in New Jersey, it was common to spend a hot summer night sitting on the front porch enjoying an Italian ice before bed.     It is speculated that Italian immigrants brought the Sicilian granita dessert with them when emigrating to the United States, which was then renamed Italian ice. Like shave ice, granita has a coarse texture and is popularly paired with a straw to enjoy the melted slush at the bottom of the cup.     As I recently drank a refreshing glass of vanilla lemonade, my childhood came flooding back. Certain flavors bring those hot New Jersey summer nights back to life—lemon with vanilla just happens to be one of them. Running through sprinklers, the sound of bare feet smacking pavement, falling asleep with a frozen wet washcloth around my neck, the laughter of children, and most of all—lemon Italian ice with vanilla custard.     There I was, sipping memories from a glass while looking around the room—could everyone tell I was transported back in time? The vanilla brings a sweet floral note that tampers the acidity of the lemon. It is nostalgic and refreshing at the same time.    This recipe for vanilla lemonade granita with whipped banana cream is the taste of summertime. It is complimented best with the smell of freshly cut grass and the sound of children giggling. 


“Miloli‘i aku nei au lā… By Marcia Timboy


he opening line of this famous mele (song) about one’s huaka‘i (journey) from Miloli‘i to seek experiences in bigger cities, was composed by John Makuakane in the 1930s. Over the years many kama‘āina (residents) of Miloli‘i leave the village for educational or other opportunities. With Miloli‘i in their hearts, they always find a way to return. Located in the South Kona district of Hawai‘i Island, Miloli‘i remains the most traditional fishing village in Hawai‘i. Miloli‘i families have been fishing offshore and near-shore waters for generations. There are two differing translations of Miloli‘i: one is “fine twist,” in reference to the excellent sennit from the olonā bark to make fine cordage and highly valued fishing nets (Nolan 1981); the other, “small swirling,” denotes the many ocean currents that flow past the village (Pukui 1981). | May-June 2019

Cultural and Natural History The history of human settlement in the Miloli‘i-Ho‘opūloa area extends to the first millennium. To the north of the current community at Alika Bay are visible remains of a hōlua slide and several ancient house sites. To the south, at Honomalino Bay, are more ancient house sites. These extensive sites suggest the area was once one of sizeable

human activity. The community’s recorded history is tied closely to the arrival of New England missionaries in the early 19th century. They occasionally made the long journey from Kailua-Kona to preach and teach, and gathered the first congregation together in Miloli‘i. These missionaries conducted the first complete census in Hawai‘i in 1831, and again in 1835. The 1835 census included the villages of Miloli‘i and Ho‘opūloa, under the district name of “Kapalilua” with a total of 1,406 people recorded. By 1883, with the pervading acceptance of Christianity, the size of the congregation had grown to warrant the Miloli‘i church, Hau‘oli Kamana‘o. The church still stands, and though moved from its original site, it provides a link to the past for the community members. The resident populations at Miloli‘i and Ho‘opūloa remained constant throughout the latter 19th century and declined slightly at the turn of the 20th century. On the morning of April 18, 1926, life at Ho‘opūloa was altered forever as lava from Mauna Loa’s Pu‘u o Ke‘oke‘o gradually approached and completely covered the small coastal fishing village. Many of the families, lacking alternative shelter, moved a quarter mile down the coast to Miloli‘i. They built new homes mostly on government land, while other residents moved mauka (upland) and found shelter as best they could.


Miloliÿi Bay and original sign. photos by Barbara Garcia

At Miloli‘i, there was I…” Legal Tenancy, Indigenous Land Rights, and Historic Significance Over the years, residents of Miloli‘i have continued to occupy the land. Their right to do so has never been questioned, but legal tenancy or ownership had never been conferred. In 1931 the territorial governor set aside the area as a public park under the control of the county government (Executive Order 473). Under the park provision the governor gave the county full authority to create a “Hawaiian Village” at Miloli‘i. The county had the village subdivided into house lots in 1941. Requests were submitted to occupy the house lots between 1943 and 1954. While some of the house lots were awarded, residents did not receive title to them. In 1968 Governor Burns | May-June 2019

canceled Executive Order 473 and the land reverted to the Department of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), intended to be a land swap with the Department of Hawaiian Homelands (DHHL). However, the exchange did not take place, as DHHL did not have the legal means of directly leasing lands to Miloli‘i residents. A survey was conducted in the Miloli‘i area between 1973 and 1974 to identify sites and structures for the Hawai‘i Register of Historic Places. A number of churches and characteristic structures were acknowledged, and many still remain, including: • The Magoon House—a unique example of a small wooden “Kona House” built in the late 19th century. Elvis Presley stayed in this house in the 1950s, when Girls, Girls, Girls was filmed in Miloli‘i. • St. Peter’s Catholic Church—this structure was built in 1932 by Father Steffen to replace an earlier St. Peterʻs destroyed by the 1926 lava flow. • Hau‘oli Kamana‘o Congregational Church—an example of architectural style with historical significance. Built in 1865 under the direction of the Rev. John D. Paris, it’s an excellent example of early missionary wood construction. It is made famous by the song “Lā ‘Elima.” • Apo House—an example of typical architecture of older houses in Miloli‘i Village. • Miloli‘i School—an example of the wooden frame architectural style popular at that time.


Its Isolation is Its Protection. Miloli‘i is situated five miles downslope from Māmalahoa Highway at the end of a narrow winding road where few tourists go. Arriving at sea level, there is a scattering of houses on a stark lava plain, where the village’s approximately 400 residents live. The water is on catchment system, and there’s no electricity other than some solar here and there. Much of that is by choice. Miloli‘i could have had electricity, but the kūpuna (elders) fought to keep it out, hoping to preserve this mostly Native Hawaiian community from changes modernity has brought to the rest of the Hawaiian Islands. That protectiveness is partly why Miloli‘i has a reputation for being unwelcoming—a place where strangers wandering around with a camera might be reproached with a gruff, “Eh! No take pitcha!” A hand-carved wooden sign in the middle of the village proclaims, “Miloli‘i: last fishing village in Hawai‘i Nei,” and many who live there want to keep it that way. | May-June 2019

Ho‘i Hou—Return William Mae-Huihui was born and raised in Miloli‘i, until he moved to O‘ahu at nine years old. “Willie Mae” returned to Miloli‘i in 2010, after graduating with a degree in liberal arts from Leeward Community College. An innate affinity towards marine management compelled him to become immersed in the iconic and traditional fishing practice of his Miloli‘i ancestors. “My [paternal] grandma, who is connected to the Kahele ‘ohana, and my mom’s side, the Makuakane ‘ohana, have resided in Miloli‘i for generations. We are also related to the Grace and Apo ‘ohana. I came back [to Miloli‘i] after I


William Mae-Huihui stands in front of the waters of Miloliÿi Bay, in which are several “koa,” or fishing grounds. In traditional Hawaiian fishing practice; the ÿöpelu fish were nurtured, fed, and harvested within a koa. photo by Marcia Timboy

graduated from Radford High, and stayed for a few years. My mom asked if I would move back [to O‘ahu] and go to college. After receiving a liberal arts degree, I had a calling to come home. I started learning my aunty’s style of fishing, which was great for commercial fishing, but I was concerned about its environmental impact. I then studied [bottom and pelagic fish] spawning and feeding habits. I blended the two, and now with the help of Uncle Mac [Poepoe, of Moloka‘i] I can understand the reasons behind the seasons of harvest times and rest times. I also remember my grandpa saying it wasn’t good to go out when the milo [swirling currents] occur…the | May-June 2019

Thatched house by beach at Miloliÿi, 1907. photo from the Lyman Museum Archives


34 | May-June 2019


By John Makuakane

Miloli‘i aku nei au lā I ke kau ‘ēkake lā Nuha i ke alanui Waikīkī aku nei au lā I ke kau ‘elepani lā Ihu peleleu Calafrisco aku nei au lā I ke kau mokulele lā A lewa i ka lewa Honolulu aku nei au lā I ke kau steam a Lola lā Holo i ke ala wai Ha‘ina ‘ia mai ka puana la I ke kau ‘ēkake (kekoke) la Nuha i ke alanui

At Miloli‘i, there was I As I got on the donkey It is stubborn on the road At Waikīkī, there was I As I got on the elephant It swings its trunk At San Francisco, there was I I boarded the plane It dips from side to side At Honolulu, there I was I boarded the steamer Lola It rolled in the water Thus ends my song As I got on the donkey It is stubborn on the road

photo by Marcia Timboy

to preserve, perpetuate, and instill kuleana (responsibility) of Miloli‘i’s culture and traditions for future generations. Part of the community’s master plan is to house cultural education programming, and a K-12 school at the Miloli‘i Community Center, once construction is completed. Ho‘i hou…as kama‘āina o Miloli‘i return to the cherished village, they bring with them acquired education and experiences from nā huaka‘i. The kuleana they take on to preserve, protect, and perpetuate the Miloli‘i lifestyle and its ‘ike (knowledge) stems from a deep aloha and generational sense of place. n For more information: | May-June 2019

reef fish are spawning the same time that the milo happens here. Matching up with what our kūpuna say and why, is the most rewarding with the Mohala no Konohiki program that I am a part of.” Also born and raised in Miloli‘i Village, Kaimi N. Kaupiko is from a long line of kama‘āina going seven generations back. His kūpuna were the first deacons of Hau‘oli Kamana‘o Congregational Church. With strong and deep ties to the community, Kaimi returned to Miloli‘i eight years ago, after graduating with an MBA from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. He was an instrumental contributor in the Conservation International-sponsored Miloli‘i ‘Ōpelu Project, which utilized an innovative method of fishing, combining modern science, and the understanding of ocean currents and fish lifecycle patterns of traditional Hawaiian practice. With the passing of kūpuna, traditional methods of fishing and the intergenerational transfer of knowledge has not taken place. As only a few traditional ‘ōpelu practitioners are left in the village, such projects aim to revive these methods, merging with modern science to educate the community’s youth, and improve the stewardship of these marine and coastal resources so precious and prevalent on the South Kona coastline. As a full-time educator, Kaimi teaches the community’s youth coastal management, through Pua o Kala (an online school). The school’s multi-media programs have been featured on PBS’ Hiki No channel, and YouTube. “Miloli‘i lifestyle is about sustainability, to live off the land. I grew up fishing makai [seaside], and picking coffee mauka. Our community is isolated, and we survive and thrive by keeping the traditions alive through respect, cooperation, and malama—take care of place, place takes care of you.” Over the years Kaimi has seen the area’s natural resources depleted and its environment burdened with encroaching development, interlopers, and climate change. He sees that the youth of today do not have the same discipline and structure of previous generations. By revitalizing a sense of ‘ohana and community values, Kaimi and his contemporaries hope

Kaimi Kaupiko, and members of the Miloliÿi i Kaÿü Volleyball Club. Besides teaching coastline management as an applied practice, Kaimi coaches volleyball to Miloliÿi youth.


Russell Ruderman A Lifetime of Adventure and Purpose | May-June 2019

Many of us know Russell Ruderman as a Hawai‘i State Senator and owner of the local Island Naturals stores. What many of us may not know is Russell’s background, and how he arrived on Hawai‘i Island. Starting at the beginning, Russell’s parents met in Palestine, now Israel. His father, Maurice, was born in Philadelphia and moved to Palestine with his family when he was three years old. He met Russell’s mother Aviva, who was a Palestinian citizen, and they were quickly married when WWII broke out. “This way they could leave together, as Nazi General Rammel was marching across North Africa toward Palestine,” explains Russell. Maurice joined the US Army, becoming a linguistics intelligence officer and speaking more than five languages. For the next 20 years they would move where the Army stationed him. For a few years they were stationed in Germany, and it was during this time that Russell was born. They moved back to the US after the war ended, eventually settling once again in Philadelphia.   Ice Cream Plus Woodstock Equals a Lifetime of Influence Many years later, Russell would get his accidental start in retail sales with ice

36 Russell playing one of the acoustic guitars from his collection. photo by Lara Hughes

By Lara Hughes

cream sandwiches at Woodstock. “I was an impressionable, barefoot 15 year old who loved music and community,” says Russell. “I left with seven dollars in my pocket and came home with the same amount.” After sneaking away for the weekend to roam around Woodstock and see Credence Clearwater Revival melding music on-stage in front of thousands of people, Russell came across a guy selling ice cream sandwiches by the box at three in the morning. He bought a box of six for a dollar. “I went out and sold five for 25 cents each, I had one left for myself and enough to go back and buy some more. I did that several times during the night, and that was the beginning of my food retail career,” he quips. It was also the first time he heard the Grateful Dead play. “I had no idea who they were. They played a weird set. I remember watching them and I couldn’t really understand their music.” Although he says they had almost no effect on him that night, the whole scene would later play a major role: “My big hobby is acoustic guitars. I’m a collector in addition to being a musician.” For the past 40 years, he has played acoustic folk music on his own and now performs in a couple of bands; one is a Latin dance band called El Leo, The Jarican Express and the other is a Grateful Dead cover band called Terrapin Station. “I wound up becoming a big Dead Head.” Whether it was coincidence or | May-June 2019

37 The 25-foot wooden sailboat Russell sailed on from San Francisco to Hilo in 1985. photo courtesy of Russell Ruderman


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life foreshadowing the pages of his eventual future, Russell can trace a lot of what shaped him back to his experience at Woodstock. “Music brought people together and it made a big impression on me. The fact is, it was this giant metaphor for humans on Earth; we are all stuck here together, and we all have to find a way to make it work.” It was this concept, coupled with a passion for the environment that would later lead him into politics. After Woodstock and high school, Russell went on to college and achieved his degree in biology. “I saw the environmental issues through a scientific lens; there’s ecology and there’s an environment that’s interactive—I was taught to view things as a system.” For him, life on Earth is a system that needs to be taken care of, and he wanted to be able to make a difference. Years later Russell would become an elected official because he believed that it was one way to give a louder voice to environmentalism, saying, “To me that’s the purpose for being in politics.” A Leap of Faith Sailing Across the Pacific Before becoming a business owner and politician, Russell originally wanted to pursue a career in biology and become a doctor; however, he decided to take a few years off between degrees. After graduating from Penn State in 1975, he moved from Pennsylvania to San Francisco. While he was trying to get a job in his field he randomly landed a position in a health food store. “I had never been a health food customer and it hadn’t been anything of interest to me, but someone hired me in their store, and I ended up being the manager,” Russell reminisces. He enjoyed the work, eventually adopting the lifestyle and philosophy that goes along with natural foods and ended up managing a group of stores in the Bay Area for nine years. The second time Russell moved was from San Francisco

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Russell with wife Dina and daughter Aviva at home in their garden. photo by Lara Hughes


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to Hilo in 1985. He had attended a regional health food convention in Honolulu and decided to stay an extra week with a friend that he had worked with in one of the San Francisco stores. She lived on Hawai‘i Island and had a connection to another health food store. At the time he remembers needing a change and through a seemingly coincidental series of events he was offered a job managing the Hilo store. “When I moved to Hawai‘i, I sailed here on a small wooden sailboat,” he says, “We sailed under the Golden Gate Bridge and into Hilo Bay.” The little boat was 25 feet long and didn’t have a motor, long-distance radio, or electronic navigational equipment. His girlfriend at the time, who owned the vessel, decided to captain it across the Pacific. After a few months of studying navigational books and practicing at the dock, Russell navigated to Hawai‘i Island using a sextant to pinpoint their location on nautical maps. The whole adventure took 25 days, many filled with seasickness, and the first eight, they weren’t sure where they were on the map. “The style of navigation relied on being able to see the sun, and the first eight days were non-stop cloud cover.” Russell used dead reckoning, a navigational style using a compass and nautical speed, to estimate where they were for the first week or so. Twice a freighter appeared on the horizon, and they were able to use their line-of-sight radio to call the freighter and get their coordinates. “At that point I was a couple hundred miles off.” By the end of their voyage the skies had cleared, and they were getting accurate location readings. “We found the island,” he says, smiling. From Past Challenges to Future Legacies Russell ended up getting fired from his management position at the health food store. He says, “Looking backwards it’s clear why I got a job in that store, and it’s clear why I got fired… | May-June 2019

39 | May-June 2019

although at the time, it was an extremely painful experience.” He was surviving on food stamps and his self-identity had been shattered, but there was a silver lining. “It made me go and do my own thing,” says Russell, “which I wouldn’t have done otherwise.” Career-wise, he moved into health food wholesaling while he and his wife at the time continued to note the lack of a modern natural food store in Hilo. After a couple of years, Russell decided to take a chance and open his own retail store. Island Naturals was born in 1998. Financially he didn’t have a lot of resources, but Russell had a good reputation in his industry and people were willing to back him. “At the beginning I think I had unrealistic expectations,” he says. “I was committed to having low prices, highly paid employees, a very clean and modern store, and being profitable.” After a year or two he realized that formula wasn’t working. “We had to make some adjustments and there was a point where it was a bit of a crisis—we had to borrow some extra money.” In fact, Russell recalls having to “max out” his credit cards to make payroll at one point. He made the necessary adjustments and got a solid base established. Ten years later he opened a store in Pāhoa and another in Kona. In addition to being a businessman, politician, and musician, Russell is the proud father of four children. Three are college graduates in their twenties: Katie, Grace, and Zoe. The fourth is three years old. “I have three adopted daughters…and three years ago I had my first biological child.” His three-year-old daughter, Aviva Rose, is named after his mother and his wife Dina’s mother. Russell’s mother was named after Tel Aviv, where she was born, and Aviva is the Hebrew word for springtime. “My mom’s parents had immigrated from Russia and they were so proud to have their daughter born in the holy land, so they named her after the city.” His wife, Dina, emigrated from the Philippines and is the kitchen manager at the Hilo store. Both of their mothers have passed away, so when one of his stepdaughters suggested Aviva Rose’s name, it stuck. Today, Russell looks at his stores as his legacy, which he hopes to leave to his children and future generations. He feels he has had more of a positive wide-reaching environmental impact as a business owner than as a politician. His hope for the future is that, as a global community, we get very serious about climate change and making a difference for the planet and the coming generations. “I just hope that we can wake up,” he says. n


One of Russell's bands playing outside the Pähoa Island Naturals store at a Second Saturday event in Pähoa. photo courtesy of Russell Ruderman

By Sara Stover


an bees smell fear, or is this a myth? The Bee Boys are the ones to ask, with their noses inches away from hundreds of wild honeybees on a daily basis. The Bee Boys are Kevin O’Connor and Ryan Williamson, and they are experts on the truth about honeybees and their impact on the economy and agriculture of Hawai‘i Island. Walking from hive to hive, Kevin draws our attention to the queen bee. She looks the part, being larger than the other honeybees. Her function is to lay eggs, specifically about 1,500 every day. Most of the other bees are worker bees. All females, their job is to clean and feed the baby bees and the queen, pack pollen and nectar into cells, build honeycomb, and guard the hive. It is the worker bees that deserve credit for the harvestable products the Bee Boys obtain from the hive: bee bread, honey, wax, and propolis, which is a sticky bee-produced glue of sorts that offers many health benefits. Outside the hive, the worker bees serve as field bees, collecting nectar and pollen from flowers, and gathering propolis. The field bees have a one-and-a-half mile flight radius, allowing them to pollinate all the nuts, seeds, fruits, trees, and more in an area that is considerably large for such a small creature. Bigger than the worker bees, yet noticeably smaller than the queen, the remaining honeybees are drone bees. Their main responsibility is to mate with the virgin queen. The Bee Boys, Kevin and Ryan, first heard the call of the wild honeybees while working at a commercial apiary on Hawai‘i Island. Philadelphia natives, they returned to that area briefly in 2008, and ran Beaupre Apiary in Pennsylvania. Fans of the Beaupre honey nicknamed Kevin and Ryan the “bee boys” and, like sticky propolis, the name stuck. Beaupre Apiary later evolved into Bee Boys LLC, and the two eventually returned to Hawai‘i Island to harvest and sell raw honey from their many hives. Today, the Bee Boys care for approximately 56 hives every day.

The Bee Boys have plastic-free hives, allowing their bees to work with the wax comb they naturally create instead. | May-June 2019

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Honeybees like the ones in this hive function as a harmonious community, working together to pack pollen into cells and produce honey.

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Aloha to the Honeybee Like Kevin and Ryan, the honeybee is not native to the Hawaiian Islands. The introduction of honeybees to the islands followed the arrival of the kiawe tree, originally from northwestern South America, which was introduced in 1828 by the head of the first Catholic mission on O‘ahu, Father Alexis Bachelot of France. Father Bachelot brought a kiawe to Honolulu, where he planted the tree on the grounds of the Catholic mission. The offspring of that single tree reached all the way to the leeward plains of the neighbor islands by 1840. By the mid-1800s, the kiawe was being used as a high-protein feed source for cattle. To promote further kiawe growth, beekeepers brought the honeybee to the Hawaiian Islands in 1857 to increase kiawe pollination. Today, the Hawaiian honeybees are amongst the largest producers of honey in the world. Being a beekeeper is a sweet job, and one that has a positive impact on the economy and agriculture of Hawai‘i Island; however, the job does come with its challenges. In 2007, the varroa mite arrived. Like blood-sucking ticks, the varroa mites can quickly destroy an entire colony. In 2010, the small hive beetle turned up on the island, further threatening honeybee colonies. Bee bread is especially attractive to hive beetles. Fortunately, bee bread has other uses that reduce the beetles’ effect. “The problem is the solution!” Ryan exclaims. Bee bread, the primary food source for most bees and

Ryan Williamson shows Sara Stover honeycomb being built in a hive in Naÿälehu. larvae, is composed of pollen mixed with small pieces of honey, beesʻ wax, and bees’ digestive enzymes. Containing essential amino acids and high levels of vitamins, enzymes, and flavonoids, bee bread is ideal for treating anemia, insomnia, lowering cholesterol, and reducing digestive tract disorders in humans.* Bees generally have more bread than they need, so removing some of the bee bread is not detrimental to the hive. In fact, it decreases the threat of hive beetles, and makes room for the queen to lay more eggs. “Bees are creatures of the sun,” says Ryan as he delicately holds up a bee from one of several hives, then releases it to fly off into the nearby trees. Winter and the decrease in sunlight that comes along with the season is not as great of a concern on Hawai‘i Island as it is on the mainland, yet it still presents a challenge to the apiary. To resolve this issue, the Bee Boys emphasize biodiversity to ensure that their bees have a variety of pollen sources with differing peak seasons, such as ‘ōhi‘a lehua, wilelaiki (Christmas berry), and macadamia nut. Respecting the Bees Of their beekeeping methods, Kevin says, “We are taking a respectful approach.” After years in the apiary business, both Kevin and Ryan have a deep understanding of the natural lifecycle of honeybees. They forego commercial treatments, like miticides, medications, and high-fructose corn syrup diets, which are fed to bees by many commercial farmers. This practice is thought to be connected to the decline of honeybee colonies, as a diet void of honey deprives the bees of a chemical that they depend on to break down toxins in Big Island Locations: Hawi–Elements Hilo–Wild HeArtist Kona–Pueo Boutique | May-June 2019

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44 | May-June 2019

pesticides used to destroy mites and beetles. Even with honey present in their diet, miticides and pesticides have the potential to negatively impact the honeybees’ health, since it has been proven that dosed bees garner less pollen than un-dosed bees. The Bee Boys’ understanding of the honeybees’ natural habits is also behind their choice to keep the hives free of plastics. Comb is the hive’s frame and tissue, and bees create wax comb out of their abdomens naturally. This self-made wax is home to young bees in the colony, and the site of pollen and nectar storage, which the bees rely on for food. With this remarkable wax at their wing tips, plastic comb is unnecessary and possibly destructive. Honeybees forced to interact with plastics are exposed to hormone-interrupting off-gasses. This risk has prompted Kevin and Ryan to allow their hives to work with the wax comb the bees are already producing instead. The Bee Boys’ hives are also free of artificially inseminated queens. Controlled by grafting from a small genetic pool, some apiaries place artificially inseminated queens in a nucleons colony of unrelated bees, and are often killed and replaced each year. “We allow our bees to raise their own queens naturally,” Kevin asserts. “This lets the virgin queens follow true instinct and choose the strongest, healthiest drones to mate with, creating a true family unit.” Humble Students of the Honeybee Being part of bettering the local community and economy is a priority for the Bee Boys. Ryan points out, “In a time when farmers often struggle to make ends meet, we focus on what’s going right. We get to be part of driving the economy forward! Our vision is to continue perpetuating products made on the Big Island, with an emphasis on Ka‘ū branded products.” That focus on community is a value that Kevin and Ryan have gleaned from their beehives. Within their community, the honeybees’ priority is the hive, not the individual. Any bee that is available will jump on a task if a job needs to be done. The bees also hold hands in a behavior known as festooning, forming a network of bees that hang between the honeycomb frames, which appears to act as scaffolding that they utilize to build honeycomb. Many suggest that wax can only be produced from the festooning position, which is important as the wax actually contains the honeybees’ DNA. The Bee Boys allow their hives to build comb naturally for this very reason, even if the comb is occasionally swirly and not always perfectly symmetrical. Honeybees function as a harmonious community, and the Bee Boys are honored to be students of this buzzing society. These Na‘ālehu beekeepers are applying lessons they’ve learned from their bees to connecting with their own community, from Hawai‘i schools to libraries and other local businesses with sustainable practices. “Beekeeping is an incredible way to merge into our community,” Ryan shares. With their honeybee expertise, the Bee Boys confirm that honeybees cannot smell fear. However, science suggests that chemicals known as pheromones are connected to their process of communicating about food sources and bees that need defending. A honeybee can also release pheromones to draw its swarm into new hives. In the midst of the high-traffic honeycomb Kevin holds, a baby bee emerges from a hexagon as if from another world. There is an undeniable mystique to the honeybees, and the Bee Boys are much more than beekeepers. Kevin and Ryan are

Ryan Williamson points out the queen bee in this hive, explaining how their hives are free of artificially-inseminated queens and their honeybees raise queens naturally. humble students of the honeybee. n For more information: Photos by Sara Stover *According to whatisbeebread.

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Heart and Memory

An old plantation store still serves community By Catherine Tarleton

Hawi General Store had the town’s first faxing service. photo courtesy of NKCRC


he 1930s were boom years for the sugarcane industry. Kohala Sugar Company, a giant consolidation of seven sugar mills in North Kohala (Kohala, Union, Niuli‘i, Hawi, Halawa, Hō‘ea, and Star) employed 600 people, and produced 45,000 tons of raw sugar from its 13,000 acres, irrigated by 23 miles of running water via the Kohala Ditch. At the south end of Hawi, Kichigoro and Sei Fukada from Hiroshima, Japan, built the Fukada General Store—one of several in town. Its shelves were stacked with dry goods, snacks, sodas, sardines, and the vast myriad of things momand-pop shops are famous for. Fukada’s was also a tailor shop: bolts of fabric stacked on the shelves along one side of the room, reaching up toward the high ceilings. The large, one-

room space had natural fir floors, a broad front porch, and a tiny outdoor lua (bathroom) in the back. Many nissei (second-generation Japanese immigrants), whose parents came to Hawai‘i as imported plantation labor, were able to build on their parents’ sometimes backbreaking labor, open their own businesses, and prosper. Stores in the plantation communities were central hubs in their communities, places for folks to gather and talk story, catch up on the news and exchange information just about every day. It was this service, and the fond memories it generates, that endeared the general stores to their neighborhoods, and helps them endure across the islands today. In Hawi, neighbors remember Mrs. Fukada sitting on the

48 | May-June 2019

Dawn’s Kohala took over the landmark location. photo courtesy of NKCRC

The Welcome Center sits at the gateway to North Kohala in Hawi town. photo by Catherine Tarleton museum curator from Canada,” Christine says. “She told me, ‘Never underestimate the value of community memory.’ I’ll always remember that.” Their early concept was to share that community memory with the 15,000 or more visitors per year who pass through town on their way to the King Kamehameha I statue, and the scenic overlook at Pololū. The fundraising process began, and in January, 2012 a new Welcome Center was blessed and opened, with office space for the nonprofit behind the displays. Eight story boards, curated by the community, tell Kohala’s story. photo by Catherine Tarleton | May-June 2019

store’s porch, fussing at the keiki not to play in the street, while Mr. Fukada sold bentos in the back. An ad in the Kohala High School yearbook promoted “pure island honey, ice cakes and general merchandise.” Local kids would dig for soda bottles at the dump and trade them in for two cents each, trying to raise the quarter for a movie ticket. The hardworking couple lived in a house behind the store, and raised their family, who operated Fukada General Store for almost 40 years. In 1971, a new owner “Route Van” Sugimoto—so called because he would deliver groceries around the area in a panel van—took over operation of Fukada General Store. In 1981, Sumi Kawasaki assumed operations, and ran the general store as Dawn’s Kohala, featuring aloha shirts, kids’ clothing and toys, along with the groceries. In 1996, new shopkeepers Warren and Maribel Vignato renamed the place Hawi General Store, although most everybody in town called it “the Filipino store,” because they sold Filipino food and other items. Hawi General Store also had the first faxing and copying services, and sold hula implements made by Ika Vea (who still runs his own shop in Kapa‘au). In 2000, the building took on its first non-store role, as Island Community Lending, a realty and mortgage company. Its owner, Marcel Estes, allowed Kohala Mountain News to work in the space for a time. Then, in 2008, the building was available again. Meanwhile, a new organization had been created in the area, the North Kohala Community Resource Center (NKCRC), founded and directed by Bob Martin, with the help of dedicated Kohala community volunteers Nani Svendsen, Bill Graham, Corey Causey, Gino Amar, Fran Woollard, Desiree Yamamoto, Dennis Matsuda, and Lani Bowman. Established as a nonprofit in 2002, NKCRC worked to help valuable community projects, large and small, find funding and accomplish their goals—with free training classes for partner projects, and a broad network of resources. The board invited Christine Richardson to train as their executive director. At first, they leased a small space in the Kohala Village Inn. Then, in 2008, they leapt at the opportunity to rent the old Fukada General Store, still owned by Kichigoro and Sei’s great-grandson, Ray. “Ray’s mom Joyce Kobayashi really understood our mission,” says Christine. “She wanted a long-term tenant who cared about the community.” “When I unlocked the building, I happened to be with a

49 | May-June 2019


NKCRC had canvassed the merchants in town to learn what visitors wanted most. There were two things: information and bathrooms. As a result, NKCRC built a new deck behind the storefront with two large, ADA accessible restrooms. The town’s tradespeople came out in force: carpenters, plumbers, roofers, electricians, and many others donating their time. The Welcome Center provided maps and books about the region, CDs by local musicians, and trained guides who love and know the community well. They also began the process of telling Kohala’s story in a much deeper, richer way, through a series of eight large storyboards of 100 words each, carefully selected by the community. The storyboards introduce Kohala from its volcanic origins, and as birthplace and boyhood home of King Kamehameha I. They illustrate the lineage of Hawai‘i’s monarchy and talk about the early missionaries who would eventually begin the sugar industry. Plantation life is featured prominently, as are the subsequent engineering marvels that are Kohala’s ditch and railroad systems. Other boards make the transition into emerging economies that followed the final harvest in 1975, and the Kohala of today. Beautifully, “Music & Hula” has its own storyboard, honoring Kohala’s countless gifted musicians, songwriters, dancers, instrument makers, and others. These include storyteller/ musician Clyde Halemaumau “Kindy” Sproat, slack key guitar master John Keawe, luthier David Gomes, and the multitalented Lim family, whose music may be playing as visitors tour the exhibit. “Visitors are so grateful; they say thank you all the time,” says Christine. The Welcome Center presently has 10–12 trained guides volunteering about three-hour shifts each week. “You just have to love to talk to people and love the community,” Christine says. One of those volunteers is retired schoolteacher Chris Brown. Like Christine, he came from the East Coast to work temporarily, and never left. Chris remembers meeting Mrs. Fukada and her family. “I had her son, daughter-in-law, and four grandchildren in my class over the years,” he says. He became interested in the Center when his daughter started a travel project for kids, assisted by NKCRC. “We currently have 85 projects,” says Christine. “Over our lifetime, 180 projects.” What’s a project? Pick a letter. Everything from Affordable Housing and Aikido to WasteStream Recycling is on the list. “We have projects for youth, after school and in school,” says Christine. “4-H, ‘Ride Wild’ that teaches how to ride and rodeo skills. There’s Kohala Unupa‘a-Strong Foundation, Hawai‘i Wildlife Center, taking care of native birds...Mālama Kohala Kahakai Coastal Preservation [two women preserving more than 400 acres of open space land on the coast]. We have the three-and-a-half year old KNKR radio seven days a week. Of course, the Kamehameha Day committee, which organizes the annual celebration on June 11th. Also, the Kamehameha Statue Maintenance, which completed a full restoration of the statue last fall. It took two years to raise the money, $50,000 to strip and repaint. And thanks to the relationship with [former Hawai‘i State Representative] Cindy Evans, it is now supported in part by the State Foundation for Culture and the Arts, forever committed to contributing to the cost of care.” What the Building Looks Like Today Except for new signs, fresh paint, and a deck in the back, the building’s exterior is very similar to its 1930s original. The

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Volunteer Chris Brown talks with Amanda Edgeley, Katey Batell, and Danielle Edgley, from Ontario, California. photo by Catherine Tarleton

North Kohala Community Resource Center is open Monday through Thursday, 9am to 4pm and Friday until 1pm, and is located at 55-3393 Akoni Pule Highway in Hawi. For more information: | May-June 2019

old lua was recently a roost for one mother hen and her chicks. Inside, the space still has its traditional storefront, complete with an old-fashioned safe (now used to collect donations), high ceilings, and wood floors. The original shelves line one wall. An ingenious ceiling track design allows partitions to be slid aside to open the room up to its original space for special events. “We’ve restored the building, but kept the footprint, kept its heart and memory intact,” says Christine. From the traditional town hub that was the general store, to today’s umbrella nonprofit for a growing network of good works, this old building is very much alive and well, doing its job today as it has for the last nine decades. n


Mälama Mokupuni: Caring for Our Island Environment

Saving _ _ ÿ Oha Wai How a Rare Hawaiian Plant Has Been Given Life

By Rachel Laderman | May-June 2019

“When we think something is gone and we find it again — there aren’t adequate words to describe it,” says Rob Robichaux, University of Arizona professor and rare plant recovery collaborator. “It’s beyond thrilling.” In about 1999, the last known wild Pele lobeliad (Clermontia peleana) died. The Pele lobeliad, ‘ōhā wai, is a large shrub with beautiful, deeply curved dark purple tubular flowers that lives on Hawai‘i Island. It is one of 126 species of native lobeliads scattered across the Hawaiian Islands; almost half are listed as endangered and at least 20 appear to be extinct. Fearing its extinction, Volcano Rare Plant Facility horticulturists turned to an old seed collection containing some of the last known Pele lobeliad seeds. “If anyone could get the seeds to germinate, Patty Moriyasu could,” says Sierra McDaniel, who heads the Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park (HVNP) restoration program. “She is a master.” Patty was able to get one seed to sprout. She raised it to blossom, and with precise hand-pollination, it bore fruits. From these fruits, the facility raised thousands of Pele lobeliad seedlings. However, they needed genetic variety to ensure the species would recover. In search of any wild specimens, in 2007 a team re-explored the old-growth rainforest where the last Pele lobeliads were seen. The plants had been growing high in the canopy on tree branches, safe from rooting pigs. When they got to the promising area, they looked up. To their great delight, about 15 feet high on an old ‘ōhi‘a limb, the team spotted a leggy plant with characteristic purplish veins in its broad green leaves. It was a fine Pele lobeliad specimen! “It was a super exciting moment for all of us,” says Rob. Over the next few years, teams found five more individuals, all growing high in old ‘ōhi‘a, in forests damaged by hooved animals. Some of these wild plants were blooming, but they bore very few fruits. The mud puddles made by pigs’ hooves are breeding places for mosquitoes, which carry diseases that kill native honeycreepers adapted to pollinate Pele lobeliad flowers. Unpollinated flowers won’t form the bright orange 52 fruits that pass on their tiny seeds.

The Pele lobeliad’s deeply curved flower is just right for the large, curved bill of honeycreeper birds such as the extinct Mamo. Pollen gets on the head and neck of birds whose bill is probing into the tubular flower for nectar. Notice the large nectar droplet. photo courtesy of Rob Robichaux

Hanging from a Tree Luckily the Rare Plant Facility staff has many skills. To propagate these precious plants, horticulturist Jaime Enoka and colleagues adapted a technique called air layering, in which the stem is carefully sliced with a razor blade to stimulate root growth. To reach the plants, they had to use technical climbing—with rope and harness. “It was very challenging—Jaime had to climb high into the canopy of the native wet forest and hang there on ropes while completing this surgical technique,” observes Rob. The painstaking effort paid off. The facility produced airlayered cuttings from most of the six new “founder” plants for cultivation. They then carefully hand-pollinated their flowers and used seeds from the resulting fruits to grow hundreds of seedlings from each founder. Restoring and Protecting Entire Landscapes HVNP transplants these and other native plants in largescale projects with the help of many partners. “This is a team


photo courtesy of Wikipedia

“It’s amazing just to stand in their presence,” says Sierra, with a tall reintroduced Pele lobeliad growing in native forest in a protected area of the Park.

photo courtesy of Rachel Laderman

effort; the conservation groups are like a family,” says Sierra. Over 1000 Pele lobeliads have been planted on parklands and more than 4000 on public and private partner lands. These landscapes are specially fenced and have had invasive plants and animals removed. The goal is to allow the ecological and genetic processes unique to volcanic islands, which have gone on for millions of years, to continue. Pele lobeliads are now blooming higher in the mountains, above mosquito territory, and the first wild fruit has been seen. A motion-detection camera caught the image of an ‘i‘iwi (a rare native honeycreeper) sipping nectar from a related flower. Maybe next it will show an ‘alalā (Hawaiian crow) pecking at a Pele lobeliad’s plump fruit, to then spread the seed to a new location. Maybe, thanks to decades of tenacious work, this evolutionary line has not been broken. You Can Help If you live near a native forest park boundary, replace invasive species on your property with non-invasives. Keep an

Rob Robichaux admiring a Pele lobeliad that is more than 10 feet tall. photo courtesy Janice Wei, National Park Service

eye on your cats! Cats roam up to 9000 feet and prey on the native birds. Volunteers and donations are critical to improving rare species’ habitats. For more information and to get involved: Friends of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park: Plant Extinction Prevention Program: Rachel Laderman, Sustainable Pacific Program, Lynker LLC/ NOAA Affiliate, Hawai‘i Island

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Ready, Steady, Pono! By Rosa Say

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In Managing with Aloha’s first edition, I stated, “Pono is rightness and balance.” I made a slight change in the book’s second edition released in the summer of 2016, and started chapter 18 with, “Pono steadies you with rightness and balance.” We tend to think of Pono as a destination, a finishing we can wrap up significant efforts with. Indeed, it is extremely satisfying to achieve Pono, particularly in the course of activities requiring an element of ho‘oponopoo (conflict resolution). Let’s not underestimate the ongoing, contextual worth of this value, however, for constant work on the value alignment of Pono delivers so much more. From Series 1 on Managing with Aloha, here in this magazine’s history, “Pono helps right conquer wrong, whether inside us or around us. To be known as ‘a Pono business’ is to stand by your moral convictions, and deservedly enjoy a reputation of always doing the right thing. You do right by everyone, every time.” Every time. To value Pono, is to work within its guidance consistently. Pono delivers integrity, ethical behavior, and morality, the morality of a particular system of shared values and principles of conduct. That “particular system” is your business or organization. You must define what is right and wrong behavior for everyone associated with your business. Do not neglect to do so, for that will be the consistent guidance they will seek to work within as your representatives, partners, and ambassadors. Defining your right from wrong is just the beginning. When Pono is part of the process, it will evaluate and perpetuate a person’s readiness in context—what are the variables in different situations, and which paths might present themselves? How might the person involved be the key variable? After that readiness to choose comes the steadiness of confidence. You gain assurance that the actions they’ll take are the best ones, because they are the right ones by definition of your values as a whole, the ‘whole’ you consider your professional set of behaviors to be. This isn’t about penning a set of rules; people will never be machines. It’s about the expectations made clear in your values. A body of work is usually a performance of improvisation within context: The people who work for a business are predominantly left to their own devices within a wide range of freedoms, and they have an abundance of choices. Pono narrows those choices down for them, and points them toward

“Rightness and balance. The feeling of contentment when all is good and right.” Nineteenth in Series Two on Managing with Aloha

BUSINESS Managing with aloha

Next issue: We revisit Ka lā hiki ola, the value of optimism, hope, and promise. Contact writer Rosa Say at or

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truthfulness and honesty, ethics and integrity, so that the choice they’ll consistently make isn’t just right, it’s reasonable to them, and it’s very clear. Pono becomes that discretionary voice in their head which asks, “Ready? Steady now…go ahead.” There are two areas in particular with which I encourage managers to make Pono a part of their operational processes: Training and discipline. If you start with these, they are quite likely to help you see other process possibilities, such as Pono in problem solving, or in working with customer complaints. Training starts with recruitment and selection, gets seeded with hiring, and is planted with a thorough orientation process, so both skill-building and culture-building sprout quickly. Training then becomes a constant application of compost and fertilizer so talent, skill, knowledge, and cultural health can thrive, flourish, and grow strong. When Pono is part of those training processes, all questions of honesty, ethics, and integrity are addressed, with the scenarios of differing context trained as value alignment. It might be for Ho‘okipa and customer service, Kuleana and individual responsibility, or another value and its key operations—each of YOUR organization’s core values in turn. With discipline, Pono will consistently challenge you to answer, “What is Pono for us? When are we ready and steady with the confident assurance of executing our right, and never our wrong? What is our honesty, our ethics, our integrity defined as—in what specific actions do they happen?” No business should take creative license with honesty, ethics, or integrity: to do so, would not be Pono at all. The world defines these concepts for our ‘Ohana in Business, our customers and communities pretty universally; the morality of operating a business is quite clear, and far less complex than we will sometimes attempt to justify. It may be wise to delegate parts of your training to others, such as industry or management experts, but please, don’t ever delegate discipline. If, for example, you are solely relying on union guidelines in progressive discipline, you aren’t doing enough. Nor are you holding yourself accountable. Incorporate and practice Pono as the way you deal with errors in judgment. Make corrections your own in alignment with your values.


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Louise Hawkins A Centenarian and World Angler By Paula Thomas | May-June 2019



ow many people do you know who are 100 years old and I.G.F.A. World Record holders? Hawai‘i Island resident Louise Hawkins is in both rarefied categories. Louise’s past is rich with stories of exploits with all kinds of famous names, starting in high school in southern California, where she knew and had classes with Jackie Robinson. Deep-sea fishing enabled her and her late husband Cliff to meet actors Richard Boone, Lee Marvin, Jonathan Winters, and Laugh-In’s Arte Johnson, who all spent time in Kona in the late 60s through the 70s competing in the Hawai‘i Billfish Tournament. She and Cliff competed in the 70s and 80s on their sea vessel, a 26’ Anacapri, Papa’s Keiki. Louise celebrated her 100th birthday in glittery style with family and friends on January third of this year, with the able and ready assistance of her granddaughter, Jennifer, and son-in-law McGrew Rice, with whom she now lives. Louise has something to do every day—art class on Mondays, a wellness class on Tuesdays, card playing on Fridays (she’s competitive!), church on Sundays, plus three private yoga sessions a week. Having something to look forward to every day keeps her going. She’s not the type to cling to her past, as much as she has enjoyed her life. She is still very active and seems wholly oriented toward “what’s next?” Louise on the Papa’s Keiki with a 580-pound blue marlin in the 1970s. photo courtesy of Jennifer Rice

Growing up Louise Louise remembers always being outside after school as a young girl. Growing up in southern California, she loved the ocean and the beach. She swam in high school and played volleyball. Her best friend, “Brownie” (Helen Brown), a swimmer and overall athlete, taught her how to sail in Mexico. They became lifelong friends. Before she graduated from high school, she took a job with a guy name Cliff Hawkins who needed a small labor force to help cut boughs and make wreaths for the gift business he worked in. He hired her and some of her friends. From that point on, she and Cliff

Louise at home wearing her 100th birthday party dress. photo by Paula Thomas | May-June 2019


Historic Kainaliu, Kona’s original shopping village. Located 5 miles south of Kailua-Kona. | May-June 2019

Louise Hawkins as a young girl. photo courtesy of Jennifer Rice


dated, worked together, and played together, too. It was Cliff who taught her to fish. They married in 1941, when he told her they should get married because of the political conditions surrounding WWII. Louise didn’t need a knee bend and a romantic setting; she went with what made sense to her in life, and marrying Cliff made sense. Plus, they were totally in love. Honeymooning was in Seal Beach, California, where Louise’s aunt had a home. On their first day, Cliff chartered a fishing boat and the captain, seeing a stray buoy, pulled it up to find a full lobster trap. He extracted two, and the newlyweds had a royal dinner that night. Louise went along with whatever her creative and entrepreneurial husband wanted to do. He was an artist and they were a team. He had the ideas, and she figured out how to make their lives work. She never entertained the idea of failure because she is all about figuring out the angles to achieve a goal, and it’s clear from her stories and the way she talks that she’ll do whatever it takes to be successful. In wartime in the 1940s, working in a shipyard could prevent a man from being called into active duty and that was a priority for Cliff, so they moved to Washington where Cliff worked in a shipyard, a temporary reprieve from being in the wholesale gift business. By then, they had two young children with “KK Grandma” (Cliff’s mother) around to help. From the shipyard earnings, they bought some land in Oregon. Cliff designed a house, bought the lumber he would need to build it, and had it shipped to the lot. By then, Louise was really good at making wreaths, trimming Christmas trees, and helping her husband with the wholesale gift business. They did everything together. As granddaughter Jennifer described, “They were like peas in a pod and spent every waking hour of every day together.” Louise put it slightly differently: “Wherever he was, I was sure I went there for lunch.” In 1958, they bought their own boat, a 29’ sloop, the Tukatu, kept it at Newport Beach and sailed to Catalina Island. Louise caught a marlin her second time out—Jennifer was aboard, it was her fifth birthday—and they celebrated with champagne. Cliff caught a marlin the next day—and they were both hooked.

Cliff and Louise Hawkins 575-pound blue marlin caught on the Papa’s Keiki in the 1980s. photo courtesy Jennifer Rice

They traveled a lot during the 50s, 60s, and 70s—to the wholesale gift shows in cities like Los Angeles, Seattle, Portland, Atlanta, Chicago, and New York. They went abroad to Hong Kong, Japan, Mexico, and Germany to develop their supply chain, and fished whenever time and proximity allowed—in New Zealand, Australia, Mexico, and along the West Coast. It was in 1960 that the Hawkins landed in Honolulu en route to Japan for a business meeting. Cliff fortuitously read about Kona coast fishing and they decided to take a detour on the return trip. They fell in love with it. Cliff caught a 185-pound ahi (yellow-fin tuna) on a chartered boat, and they bought a condo at the Ilikai on that first trip. Ever the creator, Cliff designed a beach house that year and shipped lumber from Oregon to build a second house in South Konaʻs Papa Bay Estates, where Louise lived until 2004. “We camped in the jungle while he was building it,” Louise explained. “You stepped out and had to figure out how to live in nature. We learned a lot, even from the plumber.” For the rest of their lives together, they divided their time between Hawai‘i Island and Oregon.


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Angling Is in Her DNA Louise and Cliff fished. “I learned,” Louise stated matter-offactly, “that if there was a big fish out there, I better be in the chair.” Deep-sea fishing charged her competitive spirit and her work ethic: Louise was used to thinking, working, and angling for what she received, and the sport of angling suited her perfectly. She caught her first marlin in Hawai‘i in 1964. After that, she didn’t just fish, she set world records and one still holds: her 1983 short nose spearfish catch. The secret to her success? She shared it freely: “I listened,” she said. “The skipper is really in charge. What he told me to do, I did it.” Her son-in-law, McGrew, who runs Ihu Nui Sportfishing off the Kona Coast, piped in: “A lot of people think they know what to do, and they don’t listen to the skipper. But, when they don’t get the fish, they start to listen.” Louise just followed instructions to the T and found her grit. The real experts, in her mind, are the ones handling the boat. These days, Louise is happy to be on terra firma. “I think I am better off being at home with a chocolate sundae to enjoy,”

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she said. Jennifer says her grandmother might just have that sundae for breakfast. Reminders of her remarkable big fish catches sit on the counters and shelves. In one, her granddaughter is in one arm and the fishing line with her 450-pound catch in the other. “At the time,” she said Louise Hawkins makes a world record catch: short wryly, “I didn’t know nose spearfish, 40 pounds, 16 pound test line. Photo courtesy of Jennifer Rice which one was more important to me.” Billfish carvings on the lānai (balcony), more photos, and the family’s digital archive document her amazing exploits. ABC featured her in Pacific Blues, episode 205*. Louise took up scuba diving and underwater photography, which became a real passion. At night, after Cliff went to bed, she would spend hours working on her photography. Around age 85, when Louise couldn’t scuba dive and fish anymore, this ocean-lover took up golf. “I can do that,” she thought, as she watched people golf on Kona’s courses. So she traded tanks and fins for spiked shoes and a set of clubs. Ever the competitor, she made a name for herself in golf, too, by winning the Waikoloa Charity Tournament.


Putting is her favorite aspect of golf because it’s about gauging the grass, the distance, the wind—figuring all the angles. It’s what Louise is really good at, in sports and in life. She might not say it in so many words, but angling is in her DNA. Perhaps that’s why Louise is still going strong at the age of 100: she stays active, determined, optimistic, strategic, and tactical. When she does play, she plays to win, especially when it comes to her Friday card games. n For more information: *

Louise Hawkins IGFA World Records: Short nose spearfish 16 pound test line Weight: 26 pounds May 10, 1982 Short nose spearfish 16 pound test line Weight: 40 pounds July 30, 1983 Louise still holds this world record

Kawakawa 16 pound test line Weight: 17 pounds September 24, 1983 Tuna, skipjack 8 pound test line Weight: 25 pounds June 7, 1991 Short nose spearfish 8 pound test line Weight: 29 pounds June 10, 1991

By Ma‘ata Tukuafu

“A Race with Taki” is a scene from Running for Grace where Jo is racing the character Taki, played by local actor Jon Sakata (who passed away in 2017). photo courtesy of the Hawaiÿi Island Film Office


eautiful and diverse Hawai‘i Island, with its verdant rainforests, black sand beaches, and seasonally white-capped mountains, has been showcased in many films made over the years. From 1918’s The Hidden Pearls to the most current film productions, Avatar (2017) and Wrongfully Accused (2018), Hawai‘i’s varied landscapes play a huge role in film settings. Justin Finestone, film commissioner for the Hawai‘i Island Film Office says productions are attracted to the island because of the 11 (out of 13) climate zones on one island. With the many distinct landscapes, productions can shoot films that portray Hawai‘i, as well as create stories that represent other locations. | May-June 2019

Ryan Potter, who plays Jo in the film Running for Grace. Local “extras” are seen in the background. photo courtesy of the Hawaiÿi Island Film Office

“We are so unique in the islands, and each island has its own feel,” Justin says. “We have the lava fields, and our landscape is so diverse we can do just about anything.” Film production is mostly a green industry, creating sustainable business that has minimal negative impact for the island; the local economy is boosted by money spent in the community to hire local talent, rent cars and hotel rooms, and use local chefs and restaurants. In addition to film productions, there are television shows, reality shows, commercials, and documentaries shot here. Approximately 120 productions a year come to this island alone and, according to county permitting reports, 2018 produced about $10.6 million in revenue.


It is Justin’s job to market the island to production companies, support them in finding resources, and to do the film permitting for county sites. (The state has its own permitting process if filming on other than county sites.) The county also established a public/private partnership with Honua Studios, a state-of-the-art film studio in Kailua-Kona to fill the growing need for a local film studio. For Avatar, the entire principal cast was flown over to Hawai‘i Island in 2017 because the director wanted them to have some real-world experience before they did the motion captures. To be released in December of 2020, four Avatar movies are being created back to back. “Most of Avatar is done with motion capture,” says Justin. “This means actors are wearing special suits which capture their motions, and then with computers, it overlays their character on it. The actors were in the ocean snorkeling, they were up in the cloud forests, and they were near waterfalls. This real-world experience allows actors to know how to move when they are back in the studios.” The last major film here was Jumanji (2016), which was shot Enthralled movie watchers at the 2018 Made in Hawaiÿi Film Festival. photo courtesy of Larkin Pictures LLC at a private waterfall. A bigger budget film (more than a million dollars) called Running for Grace (2016) stars Matt Dillon and was filmed in Hilo, Kona, Wailea (Hāmakua), and Honua Studios. Justin explains that a lot of other smaller films, travel shows, and foreign productions are made here, especially from Japan, and though Hawai‘i Island doesn’t get as many as O‘ahu because of infrastructure, this island is definitely an ideal destination. “More people are finding out that we have a unique niche, who want to escape the hustle and bustle of the city,” Justin

Behind the scenes crew of Running for Grace on location. photo courtesy of the Hawaiÿi Island | May-June 2019

Film Office


says. “We have world-class hotels, an experienced crew on island, and we don’t have the traffic congestion. They can get from hotel to set in a reasonable amount of time.” In the past, filmmaking has had the barrier of being an expensive art form to produce. Now with the advent of digital video technology—and even more recently, the ability to turn a smart phone into a film camera—anyone can make a movie. With so much creativity on the island, (not just in film, but in all of the arts) a lot of local movies and films have been made here. In 2018, Puna-based filmmakers Zoë Eisenberg and Phillips Payson founded the Made in Hawai‘i Film Festival. Their inaugural event was held in Hilo at the Palace Theatre in August 2018, when 300 people attended the festival despite Hurricane Lane coinciding with the dates. “Part of Zoë’s and my desire was to see the film scene expand and grow here,” says Phillips. “One of the things we were lacking was support and opportunities to engage with an audience. We created this film festival specifically for Indie content that is shot in Hawai‘i and on Hawai‘i Island.” Submissions may include web series, narrative shorts, music videos, features, experimental works, and short form subjects. Their hope is that filmmakers meet each other; connections with crews, actors, and talent pools are made to keep the content growing and improving; and for people to have the opportunity to see and engage with the talent. Zoë says at least 50 percent of the principal photography must be shot in the islands, and it is a unique festival because they focus on submissions from emerging filmmakers. For many first-timers, it takes a lot of work to make a film, and if no one has heard from them, or they are learning, it can be discouraging if there isn’t a platform to show it. “We are trying to get ahead of hurricane season this time, so we are holding the festival on June 1 and 2 at the Hilo Palace Theater, and June 14 at Aloha Theatre in Kona,” Zoë says. “Our submission rates are really low, $15–$25 depending on the length of the film, and we will be giving out awards this year.” Films that Zoë and Phillips have created entirely on this | May-June 2019


island are Aloha from Lavaland (a documentary about the 2014 lava flowing toward Pāhoa), Throuple (a film Zoë wrote and produced while Phillips directed), and Stoke (a feature Zoë wrote and co-directed with Phillips, to be released online at the end of the summer). They have to be passionate about what they choose to work on, as a film project can typically take three years from conception to final product. Zoë and Phillips create everything together: working on the story, applying for permits, scouting for locations, and finding crew lodging, transport, and flights. By bringing the film community together at the Made In Hawai‘i Film Festival, they are creating the infrastructure needed to make filmmaking an easier process. “We’re excited to be a part of the Indie filmmaking scene, to collaborate with each other and show that Hawai‘i has a film voice and is a power house,” says Justin. n For more information: Made in Hawai‘i Film Festival:

Privately-owned waterfall in Hilo used in the filming of Jumanji. | May-June 2019

photo courtesy of the Hawaiÿi Island Film Office


Actor Caitlin Holcombe, who plays Jane in lava drama Stoke, reacts to lava on location in Kalapana. photo courtesy of Larkin Pictures LLC



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Kona/Kohala Coast, Kailua-Kona | May-June 2019



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s the day’s first light sneaks over the horizon, a light green orchid blooms in a tangle of vines. A flurry of activity buzzes around the flower. With a swift hand, the orchid is pollinated, ready to create the most sought-after flavor in the world—vanilla. Often synonymous with being plain or ordinary, vanilla is quite the opposite. Vanillin is just one of up to 250 chemical compounds that form the characteristic vanilla taste, making it one of the most complex flavors around. Some speculate that vanilla beans will out-price saffron this year as the most expensive spice on the planet. Vanilla beans are a high-risk, labor-intensive product grown from a highly specific orchid, and each flower must be handpollinated. Hawai‘i Island’s humid tropical environment sets the perfect stage for vanilla cultivation, value-added products, and agritourism opportunities.

Anything But Plain By Brittany P. Anderson | May-June 2019

The Sweetest Orchid In 1941, the late Tom Kadooka started propagating the Vanilla planifolia orchid at his nursery in Kainali‘u along the slopes of Mauna Loa. An avid orchid club member and nurseryman, Tom is the foundation of the island’s orchid industry. For decades he supplied residents with rooted vanilla plants and taught the art of vanilla orchid farming from his nursery. Tom stumbled upon his first vanilla vine growing wild in Ka‘ū, its origin unknown. Today, most of the vanilla farms on Hawai‘i Island can trace their vines back to Tom’s nursery and the mysterious Ka‘ū vine. Vanilla orchids grow within 25 degrees of the equator, which means Hawai‘i is the only state in the US where it thrives. Originally from Mexico, it grows like a vine using tendril-like roots to grip tree trunks as it reaches towards the sky. Island producers use a variety of growing methods simulating vanilla’s natural habitat. At Tom Sharkeyʻs cacao and chocolate farm in Papa‘ikou, vanilla climbs on cacao trees, while at Guy Cellierʻs Vanillerie in KailuaKona, shade houses are filled with cages, called tudors, for the vines to take hold. Consistency and shade are two of the essential components to successful vanilla crop yields. The alternating leathery leaves can easily succumb to sunburn, and inconsistent temperatures decrease flowering. Vanilla orchid flowers grow in clusters, though each flower within the group can bloom at any time during the February through May season. Flowers bloom for two Vanilla beans maturing on the vine. 66 photo by Brittany P. Anderson to four hours in the early

A Taste of

Vanilla extract making kits are a popular product at The Vanillerie. photo by Brittany P. Anderson

Mahalo Ahualoa Farm – Local Agriculture Story Sponsor

Hawai‘i Island’s Vanilla Industry | May-June 2019

67 A cluster of vanilla buds getting ready to open. photo by Brittany P. Anderson | May-June 2019

morning and must be pollinated by hand before withering away. The Melipona bee is thought to be the only species of insect that knows how to pollinate the vanilla flower. A tiny ball of pollen is locked away in the anther, and when the bee enters the flower, it nudges the anther, allowing the small ball of pollen to fall into the bottom of the flower where it fertilizes the ovules which grow one single vanilla bean. Melipona bees are rare, even in vanilla’s native habitat, so all vanilla available commercially is pollinated by hand. The vine is propagated by cuttings and can take three to five years of careful tending before flowers are expected. Guy hits home the dedication needed before growers see any reward, explaining, “The biggest challenge is that vanilla is slow growing.” Vanilla farmers must tend to their orchids with the promise of something delicious for at least three years. Even then, vanilla beans take one year to develop before they can be harvested. Plump green beans dangle like fingers off the zigzag vines—a lesson in patience and a reminder that good things come to those who wait.


A Little Goes a Long Way Vanilla lends its warm, rich taste to chocolate, most ice cream flavors, and fragrances. Flavor chemists can only identify and replicate seven of the 250 chemicals responsible for the characteristic taste of natural vanilla beans. Once you’ve had pure Hawai‘i Island vanilla, there’s no going back to artificial flavoring. Ripe vanilla beans are a yellow color; it isn’t until they are blanched and sweat in the hot Hawaiian sun that they take on the typical brown appearance. Beans are further dried to a peak moisture content of 30%–35%. Hawai‘i Island growers typically offer their most substantial Grade A and B beans for sale and use smaller ones for value-added products. Over at Huahua Farm, located near the village of Hōlualoa, in addition to selling beans—which sell out quickly—they offer jars of vanilla extract and vanilla-infused sugar for sale through their online store. Hawai‘i Island’s vanilla base is floral, complex, and naturally sweet, securing its place at the top of the vanilla connoisseur’s list. The Vanillerie, as well as The Hawaiian Vanilla Co. located in Pa‘auilo, offer a seemingly limitless utilization of vanilla. From culinary application to beauty products, vanilla doesn’t just have to be the flavor on display. “I think more people should experiment with the savory side of vanilla,” says Jeanie of The Vanillerie. There, Jeanie features salt shakers, pepper grinders, and sugar scrubs all of whose contents are spiked with their vanilla. The Hawaiian Vanilla Co., the first US commercial vanilla growers, boasts an expansive vanilla-based spice rub collection including a heavenly vanilla garam masala. For Hawai‘i Island’s vanilla farmers, it isn’t all about the products. Theyʻre also serving a growing demand for agritourism here on the island. The Vanilla Experience Hawai‘i Island agritourism is the perfect blend of the island’s two primary industries—tourism and agriculture. Farmers have found that offering tours helps to offset some of the high costs associated with farming, and enlightens visitors who are eager to get a closer look at where their food comes from. At The Vanillerie, guests are taken through the process from cultivation to curing under a canopy of vines. The shade houses are a leisurely stroll and an eye-opening look at vanilla

production. “We were here last year and got to pollinate a flower, one of my vanilla beans is in here somewhere,” a gentleman from England remarked. The family returned to The Vanillerie to see the progress made in a year’s time. As the group walked the rows of tudors, with tour guide Steve leading the way, two flowers took center stage. Each guest paused at the flowers, registering it in their minds before snapping a picture and moving on. Steve herds the group to an outbuilding where he demonstrates steps for processing. The intoxicating smell of vanilla envelops the tour as Steve opens the doors to The Vanillerieʻs walk-in humidor. Guy and Jeanie have big plans for their vanilla plantation—in

addition to planting more vanilla. Jeanie is creating an intimate meeting area for small gatherings, surrounded by the sight and smell of vanilla. The Vanillerie tour ends sweetly with a cup of rich, creamy vanilla ice cream made for the plantation. Guests enjoy the treat as they ponder the experience and peruse items for sale. “We were never going to be huge producers...the way to add value was to do agritourism,” Guy says. At The Hawaiian Vanilla Co., food is the main event, starting with refreshing vanilla lemonade. Culinary application of vanilla ranges at their luncheon and farm tour, exciting taste buds with every dish. Vanilla is a family affair for the Reddekopp family who started The Hawaiian Vanilla Co. in 1998. Their

Vanilla beans drying. photo by Brittany P. Anderson | May-June 2019

69 | May-June 2019

gift shop and luncheon areas are authentically homestyle as members of the Reddekopp family participate in all aspects of the company. A short walk from the sunny yellow mill house, visitors get a peek of the family’s greenhouses. Vanilla processing has always been a family affair; pictures of Reddekopp’s children when they were young, placing labels on jars of vanilla on the farm blog echo Jim and Tracyʻs original plan to “raise great children and build a business together.” Patrons of the luncheon and farm tour at The Hawaiian Vanilla Co. feel the warm embrace of being a part of the Reddekopp family, even if just for an afternoon.

70 The vanilla orchid bloom. photo by Brittany P. Anderson

Vanilla under a shade house at The Vanillerie. photo by Brittany P. Anderson

Vanilla Around the World On the world’s stage, vanilla as a commodity is setting record prices. Madagascar farmers are demanding higher and higher rates, driving the cost of vanilla extract from $60 a gallon three years ago to now over $200 per gallon. Hawai‘i Island growers don’t and can’t compete with the large-scale vanilla plantations of Madagascar, Papua New Guinea, or Indonesia; nor do they want to. Hawai‘i Island vanilla farmers, like The Hawaiian Vanilla Co., diversify their yield by creating high-quality vanilla products in addition to farm tours and bean sales. In comparison to other Hawai‘i Island agriculture ventures, vanilla takes significantly less space and can be trellised to a manageable height. But the labor involved in hand-pollination—if and when the orchid blooms—can be a setback for island growers. There is potential for growth in the Hawai‘i Island vanilla industry for those who are willing and patient. The day comes to an end with the sweet smell of vanilla beans drying—their tantalizing fragrance sweeping over the rows of leathery green leaves coaxing out the next morning’s blooms. For Hawai‘i Island’s vanilla producers, it is just another day of vanilla season. n For more information: | May-June 2019

71 | May-June 2019

Experience the birthplace of King Kamehameha in beautiful North Kohala. Find delightful small shops, eateries, art galleries, lovely accomodations – & adventure! Zip lining, ATV tours, fluming, horse rides, and the amazing Pololu Valley await you here!


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Kamehameha’s Birthplace and the Many-Layered History of Kokoiki, Kohala By Jan Wizinowich

Background: birthstones. photo by Jan Wizinowich Foreground: Kamehameha I. Public Domain,

Kamehameha’s birth was a legacy that ultimately unified the islands, but that legacy began many generations before. His birth stones, located in Kokoiki, lay next to Mo‘okini Heiau, built in 480CE, on the northwest tip of the peninsula that comprises the North Kohala district. If you walk along the coastline there, you will sense mana (spirit). Everything is motion and power. The kalāhuipa‘a winds sweep down Kohala Mountain to tease the surging sea crashing onto the boulders below. A beckoning Maui sits shrouded on the northern horizon and Mo‘okini Heiau appears in glimpses, a darkness looming behind the brow of a hill. Heiau were built as a way to connect with greater beings and give tribute to, and call upon, the gods for assistance. With Hawi to the north and Lapaka‘i to the south, Mo‘okini,

dedicated to the war god Kū, was a center of power where the lives of the people were both protected and sacrificed. Mo‘okini Heiau was built by Kuamo‘o Mo‘okini, whose family heiau tell the story of their journey across the Pacific. “We always built on the north end of the island to have a commanding view. This heiau was built in one day and the walls were six feet high. There were 150 people sacrificed at that time,” relates Mealani Lum, descendent and with her father Oliver, current heiau guardian. Throughout the centuries, Mo‘okini descendants have continuously acted as its guardian/priests. Before Oliver and Mealani, Oliver’s mother Leimomi Lum, her father Dewey Lum, and her uncle Heloke, acted as guardians. Just outside the entrance on the right is the foundation

Entrance to Moÿokini Heiau. The house of mu is directly on the right. photo by Jan Wizinowich | May-June 2019



of the house of mu. The mu was instructed as to how many human sacrifices were necessary and he would go and collect people. Although the human sacrifices were mostly prisoners of war, the mu had the authority to take anyone necessary to make up the numbers, making the area a dangerous place to be. “Because of human sacrifice, nobody lived near the heiau or dared to walk through here. They either were on a canoe or walking up mauka, and if you were on a canoe you had to lower your sails when you passed,” explained Mealani. Turning Point Late in the 13th century, Pa‘āo, a priest from Tahiti, arrived. He then departed and returned with Pili, a chiefly ancestor of Kamehameha, who was to be the new ali‘i nui (high chief). Although he constructed three other heiau on the island, Pa‘āo centered himself in North Kohala, where he was given permission by the Mo‘okini family to extend the heiau from a height of six feet to 30 feet. As many as 18,000 men, in a line from Pololū, passed stones to construct the towering walls that would shield the ali‘i and their ceremonies from the maka‘āinana (commoner). A luakiniclass heiau (large temple where ruling chiefs prayed), Pa‘āo rededicated Mo‘okini to the war god Kū, instituted a stricter kapu (sacred) system, and increased human sacrifice, the ultimate gift of mana to the gods.

Mealani Moÿokini explains about the holehole stone, where the bones of the sacrifices were rendered. photo by Jan Wizinowich | May-June 2019

Kamehameha’s Birth Fast forward to the mid-18th century. Alapa‘inui was high chief of Kohala and Kona. There were wars going on between Hawai‘i Islandʻs chiefs and between Hawai‘i Island and Maui’s chiefs. When Keku‘iapoiwa, wife of Keoua, became pregnant with Kamehameha, their kahuna (priest), perhaps seeing the need for a unifying force, prophesied that he would be a great unifying king and a killer of chiefs. On hearing the prophesy and fearing for his position, Alapaʽinui, decreed that the infant should be killed at birth. There is much mystery surrounding the year of Kamehameha’s birth as well as his paternity. According to S.M. Kamakau, Kamehameha was born in 1736 during Alapa‘inui’s reign. However, this date has been challenged by the claim that a bright and beautiful star, thought to be Halley’s Comet, appeared the night before Kamehameha’s birth, which would put his birth year at 1758. It’s been suggested that the king of Maui at the time, Kahekili, was his biological father and indeed, Kamehameha was born on a canoe on its way from Maui, according to Oliver Lum, as related to him by his great Uncle Heloke Lum. With winds howling, waves crashing, and pelting rain, one can only imagine the skill of the men who sailed the canoe across the ‘Alenuihāhā channel that stormy November night. But it was imperative

that Kekuʽiapoiwa get to a luakini-class heiau in order that her ali‘i child could receive his birth rituals. By the time the canoe landed at Kapakai in Kokoiki, Kamehameha was already born and he was taken immediately to the heiau. “You have to have birth rituals because the mana was in the blood and in the piko. You had to have birth rituals and you had to have priests of a high enough order you could trust to put those secrets away, never to be told,” explained Oliver. Kekuʽiapoiwa was taken to the birthstones, where she birthed the placenta. “She was having trouble with the afterbirth so they brought her on shore and she used the rocks. She finally laid down and put her feet up on the flat rock and that worked,” related Mealani. The great warrior, Naeʽole was selected by Kekuʽiapoiwa to be kahu (honored attendant) for the child and immediately after the rituals were completed, he whisked the infant away with Alapa‘inui’s forces following soon after. On their way to Awini, an easily defensible plateau three valleys past Pololū, he enlisted the help of the entire Kohala populace in what Fred Cachola calls the “grand Kohala conspiracy” to protect the infant. (See “To Celebrate the King: Kamehameha Day and Kamehameha’s Legacy of Aloha” in Ke Ola Magazine, May/June 2017). Kohala and the Mo‘okini heiau comprised a spiritual home for Kamehameha. “Our family was here for Kamehameha’s birth and afterwards when he came of age, he came to worship.


That’s what’s been passed down through our generations,” explained Mealani. Eventually, Kamehameha built Pu‘ukoholā heiau and transferred his war god Kuka‘ilimoku there, but Mo‘okini Heiau, under the guardianship of the Mo‘okini family, continued as a place of worship and a center of mana for the North Kohala district. A Place of Historic Preservation and Learning The Kokoiki birthstones and Mo‘okini heiau remain a constant, a place of mana, protected by generations of the Mo‘okini family. The land surrounding the heiau has changed from forest to sugarcane to grassy slope, but the heiau and the birthstones have remained as portals to the past. In 1963, through the efforts of Uncle Heloke, Mo‘okini was designated as Hawai‘i’s first National Historic Landmark. Uncle Heloke also acted as guardian for the birthstones. For a time during the plantation era, the stones were obscured by tall sugarcane. “There was cane right up to the wall line. Uncle Heloke worked for the plantation and he worked really hard to make sure they didn’t move the rocks,” said Mealani. In 1977, upon the death of her father Dewey, Leimomi Lum became the next kahuna nui and in 1978 she lifted the kapu and opened it for educational purposes as a way to share Hawaiian history and culture with the children of the community. Both the heiau and the stones are part of the Kohala Historical Sites State Monument, created by the Hawai‘i State Legislature in 1992. Through a collaboration between Hawaiian Civic Club, the Royal Order of Kamehameha, the Department | May-June 2019

Plaque marking the heiau as a registered national historic landmark through the efforts of Uncle Heloke. photo by Jan Wizinowich


of Land and Natural Resources, and Kamehameha Schools, the area around the birthstones was cleared of weeds and a protective wall was built. In 2005, Kamehameha Schools purchased the land around the heiau and the birthstones in an effort to protect the sites from any possible future development. Mo‘okini heiau and Kamehameha’s birthstones stand in testament to the enduring Hawaiian culture and the stories of this land. n Resources: Mahalo Oliver Lum, Mealani Lum, and Ski Kwiakowski for lending your mana‘o (wisdom) for this story. Other resources: S.M. Kamakau, Abraham Fornander.

Leche de Tigre Celebrating Ten Years of Dancing and Grooving By Karen Rose

Leche de Tigre taking it on the road. photo courtesy Lehua Moon


he Island of Hawai‘i is no stranger to those who love to wander. One trip to paradise can easily leave visitors yearning for a free and spirited life filled with palm trees and warm breezes. This bohemian lifestyle calls many believers of truth, love, and freedom to the island, which may explain why Kona’s own Leche de Tigre is one of Hawai‘i Island’s most popular dance and party bands. Famous for their multifarious genre of music, Leche de Tigre blends together sounds of Spanish, gypsy, and rock-inspired

funk to create a constantly evolving and unique sound. With strong percussion, soulful vocals, and jazzy grooves, the group entertains audiences with funky originals as well as traditional cover songs. Leche de Tigre translates into tiger’s milk. Traditionally it refers to “the juices of ceviche,” a culinary and beguiling mix of ingredients infused together to create a unique flavor all its own. The band takes this Peruvian recipe to a rhythmic, melodic level by combining strings, brass, vocals, and various | May-June 2019

Leche de Tigre bringing audience members to their feet New Year’s Eve at Hilo’s Palace Theater. photo courtesy of Jeff Rocks Photography


hurricanes, and floods were a catalyst for many of his friends to leave the island. Being asked to perform in Alaska came at just the right time for the band. It allowed them to escape what felt like looming disaster at home, and experience the joys and difficulties of surviving in a completely different environment. “The Alaska performance was one of my favorites,” said Dan. “There was a huge amount of energy. Haines, Alaska is in the middle of nowhere and requires a four-hour ferry ride from Juneau to get there. It’s a little fishing village and the people were so excited to have entertainment. We learned a lot about Alaska and its residents. They are similar to people who live in Hawai‘i in that they are super friendly, yet are also in full survival mode. They are kind and giving, but at the same time have to fight off bears to make it to their car.” The band members returned home with great stories to share. Leche de Tigreʻs members hope to tour Japan in the future and are seeking additional opportunities to share their music worldwide. They currently limit their off-island tours to once a year due to financial restraints, however they are available for year-round performances on the island. The band is always open to inviting new players and instrumentals into their fold as well. “It’s nice having a diversity in the music we write,” said Dan. “Music is powerful, and the Big Island is on the upswing with venues and new talent. It’s exciting and wonderful to meet other musicians. It opens up new doors and creates opportunities for adding fresh instrumentation. For example, in the past we never had a keyboard player or additional horn players. Talented musicians are everywhere—all over the island.” Last year, the band collaborated with several Hawai‘i Island musicians to create a tribute performance to the 70s band Pink Floyd. Their show, All That is Now, brings to life the progressive style of Pink Floyd’s wildly successful album, Dark Side of the Moon. Leche de Tigre debuted this musical tribute at Kahilu Theatre in November 2018 with two sold out shows, and performed it again on New Year’s Eve at Hilo’s Palace Theater. The band’s fans are looking forward to more collaborative performances in 2019, including a new project which aims to recreate some of the music from 1969s legendary festival, Woodstock, in honor of its 50th anniversary.  Performing live at Honokaÿa People’s Theater, L-R: Lee Glennan, Dan Brauer, and Michaeloha Elam. photo courtesy Jeff Rocks Photography | May-June 2019

percussions to cook up a musical meal that leaves audiences wanting more. Celebrating their 10th year of collaboration, members of Leche de Tigre have performed in venues from Kona, to Burning Man, to the University of California at Berkeley. “We’re now in our 10th year of playing together,” said guitar player and lead vocalist, Dan Brauer. “It’s pretty cool and ironic that Ke Ola Magazine is celebrating their 10th year as well. Of course, it’s difficult to start any conversation about Leche De Tigre without talking about Ceviche Dave [David Weaver]. He’s where it all began. In fact, the name Leche de Tigre is a component of ceviche that is known in Peru as an aphrodisiac and hangover cure.” The band formed in 2009 in Kona at the former restaurant called Ceviche Dave’s, where the owner, David Weaver, hosted weekly musical gatherings and jam sessions. A growing audience came out to enjoy their eclectic music and soon the band outgrew the venue. “I was working at a guitar factory back then, and we used to eat lunch up at Ceviche Dave’s,” said Dan. “Dave wanted to learn how to play guitar, and I was just starting to teach again, so he became one of my first students. We would get together on Thursday at his restaurant and just jam. It turned into this fun weekly music night. We’d eat ceviche and drink tequila while learning new songs.” Later the same year, a Battle of the Bands competition hosted by PonchoMan Kuanoni was held at the former Lulu’s Bar and Restaurant in Kona. Dan and his musician friends decided to compete in the competition just for fun. Once they had enough material to perform several sets, they booked their first full performance at the Blue Dragon in Kawaihae. They had so much fun, they have continued to play together ever since. Lactophilia, their debut album, was released in 2011. “The majority of the group has stayed together this whole time,” said Dan proudly. “It’s an awesome musical family and we all get along really well. We’ve done lots of shows over the years both in Hawai‘i and on the mainland.” The band’s unique blend of musical styles is known for its upbeat elements that bring audiences to their feet during every performance. “We’ve used the term Latin, gypsy funk to describe our music,” explained Dan. “We’ve traveled and toured successfully with this description. Being a gypsy is kind of a way of life in Hawai‘i. We refrain from calling ourselves gypsy jazz players, because you better be insanely talented like Django Reinhardt to pull that off!” Born in upstate New York, Dan moved to Hawai‘i Island with his family in 2005. His mother is from Columbia, and most likely some of her cultural background is manifested in Dan’s musical tastes. Although the band formed to learn classic Spanish-flavored songs, they subsequently found inspiration from artists such as Rodrigo y Gabriela, Carlos Santana, and many Latin artists. “It’s nice having a diversity in the music we write,” said Dan. “We will play rock and roll songs, then switch up the instrumentation to discover new pathways to creativity. It keeps us from getting stagnant. At this point, it’s fun to forge ahead and witness the progress within the group. We’re like a family. With so much happening in the world, it’s important we stay together.” In July 2018, Leche de Tigre accepted an invitation to play in Alaska. Dan recalls feeling concern over the natural events occurring on Hawai‘i Island at the time. Volcanic eruptions,


Leche de Tigre, L-R: Michaeloha Elam, Lucas Lessa, Lee Glennan, Dan Brauer, Chris Wilson, and Robbie Malovic. photo courtesy of Lehua Moon Photography

Colette’s Custom Framing Celebrating 20 Years of Service


• Crating Service • | May-June 2019

photo by Lili Alba



In Kona’s Old Industrial area 74-5590 Eho Street Kailua Kona

Leche de Tigreʻs songwriting is a collaborative effort, beginning with a basic melody then adding various components of percussion and solo instrumentation along with a dash of improvisation. Current band members include Dan Brauer on vocals and acoustic guitar, Lee Glennan on vocals, Michaeloha Elam on trumpet, Chris Wilson on drums, Robby Malovic on bass, and Luis Feliu on percussion. Hawaii Public Radio describes their blend of talent, “A potent musical brew.” “Band members number between six and eight,” said Dan. “The fun thing about Latin music is you can always add more percussion. We love to have a timbale player and a conga player, along with the drummer. It’s a lot of fun. In fact, our former percussion player, Ruben Ruiz, who relocated to Seattle a few years ago, flew up to Alaska and sat in with us. Having the flexibility to add additional instruments at will is super cool.” Band members encourage interactive participation during their live performances. “It’s interesting to see how the Latin rhythms speak to people,” said Dan. “It connects people and makes them want to move around. We want to write music that people can move and dance to. It’s fun to see how a song we wrote connects with people. It’s just one of the beauties of writing music and performing—seeing that connection.” Leche de Tigre attributes much of their success with putting in their time. “You just have to work your way through and keep learning when to say no and when to say yes,” said Dan. “It’s important to work with the connections you make. It just takes time to create opportunities and find the right people to help make things happen.” With their commitment to music and to each other, Leche de Tigre is bound to be creating their unique style of music for years to come. Their strong mix of eclectic sounds creates a powerful magnetism with audiences who wish to get up and move, while enjoying the groovy rhythm of gypsy life. n


May–Jun e 2018

Hawai‘i Island’s

ine The Life |

Community Magaz

May – June Mei – Iune


Mei–Iune 2019 KeOlaMa gazine.c om

Kalo From Kapa to s Birthplace ARTS Kamehameha’ Orchid Isle CULTURE Island is the i‘i wa Ha ITY SUSTAINABIL

Featured Cover Artist: Joalene Young magical wonder and beauty on Hawai‘i Island. This turned into a joy, a passion, and she wanted to share this magical place with everyone. That’s how Flowers of Aloha was created. Joalene is a fine art photographer and conceptual artist, digitally turning her photos into paintings. She resides in Puna, surrounded by the beautiful rainforest. She turns her photos into paintings (giclée), specializing in flowers, land, and seascapes, all reflecting the magic and wonder of Hawai‘i. Joalene’s art can be found at Puna Gallery & Gift Emporium, Pāhoa; One Gallery, Hilo; Jungle Love, Hilo; and Ipu Arts Plus, Holualoa. For more information: Facebook/flowersofaloha

Table Of Contents Photographer:

Louie Perry III

Louie Perry III excels both as an artist and an athlete. He earned the nickname “Greece Lightning” by winning three gold medals in track at the 2011 Special Olympics world games in Greece. He has taken photos on Hawai‘i Island for 15 years, many underwater in the Kapoho tide pools before the 2018 lava flow covered them, using a Go Pro while free diving. Recently, he’s been using his experience as a hunter to become a nature photographer, using an RX2 Sony hybrid camera. Louie was the inspiration and co-founder of the Abled Hawai‘i Artists (AHA) Annual Art Festival, the largest celebration of the Americans with Disabilities Act in Hawai‘i. The 12th annual festival takes place July 20, 2019 at Prince Kuhio Plaza in Hilo. Louie’s work can also be found in Pāhoa at Sirius Coffee, Jungle Love, Lava Museum, and in Hilo at One Gallery. For more information: Facebook/louiegreecelighteningperry | May-June 2019

Joalene Young grew up surrounded by beauty in the art colony at Laguna Beach, California, where she lived until the age of 44. In school, she majored in English and minored in art. She married a fabulous abstract impressionist painter, R Young. He was a participant in the Festival of Arts of Laguna Beach and they were both in the Sawdust Art Festival, of which R Young was one of the founders. Joalene painted and sewed together circle couches, pillows, and hanging art for the Sawdust Festival. Joalene and R Young also had a little art shop/gallery called Roosevelt Plaza where they and various other Laguna Beach artists, many living on Roosevelt Lane in Laguna Canyon, displayed and sold their fine works of art.  They raised a beautiful daughter, also an accomplished artist who lives in Laguna Beach, and have a handsome grandson. In addition to all this, Joalene was a legal secretary for 25 years. Once she retired, she was able to focus on her art career, mentioning she’s “so blessed to be here in Hawai‘i in a whole new era!” How did she get here? She shares, “One day I got on a plane and moved to Hawai‘i and decided to stay forever!” Embraced by the aloha, she started taking pictures of all the


Crossword Puzzle | By Myles Mellor

Enjoy this crossword that tests your knowledge about what you read in this edition of Ke Ola Magazine, including the ads, while learning about Hawaiian culture and our island home! Some answers are in English, some are in Hawaiian. Feel free to use the Hawaiian reference library at Answers can be found on page 85. | May-June 2019

Your feedback is always welcome.




1 Hawaiian club over 100 years old, teaching kids life skills (name of the club spelled out) 4 Hawaiian apian experts, 2 words 8 Number 9 in Hawaiian 9 Support for a painting 12 Nuts grown in Hawai‘i 14 Small, for short 15 ____ steadies you with rightness and balance 16 Bronze in the sun 17 Farm animal 18 Hawaiian word meaning by or for 19 The pele plant, saved from extinction, Oha ___ 24 Big island town in the Kohala District, also known as Kamuela 26 Place of rejuvenation 28 Hawaiian word for the eye of a needle 29 Hawaiian for native Hawaiians, 2 words 31 Left side in Hawaiian 32 Japanese fish 33 Recipe word, include 34 Creeping plants 36 Hawaiian band whose name means “tiger's milk,” 3 words

1 Al ____, outdoors 2 __ and downs 3 Big Island town known as the “orchid capital of the world” 4 Meat from a pig 5 Honomu is to the ___ of Hawai‘i 6 Hawaiian herbal medicine plant, also known as turmeric 7 Window frame 10 Hawaiian word meaning to carry a burden 11 Old vinyl record 13 Hem and __ (stay undecided) 20 Kamehameha __ (third in the line of kings) 21 Rooted climbing plant 22 Wood used for building boats 23 One who studies plants 24 Sky father 25 Artist who created the KALO installation, Bernice ___ 27 Adding seasoning to a dish 30 Lent a hand to 31 Heights on a map, for short 33 Volcano debris 35 Peek at

Mountain Gold Jewelers seek quality and value. For this reason, I design and provide jewelry to meet my customers’ taste and expectation for excellence and attention to detail. Most of my clients are local residents, so I have learned to keep their budget in mind. I constantly challenge myself to find the most efficient design or repair solution, and try to offer two or more alternatives.” Although much of the jewelry is designed and crafted by Moses, jewelry by other designers and manufacturers is displayed as well. This allows customers a wider variety of choices. Featuring diamonds, opals, and pearls of all kinds, Mountain Gold Jewelers is also well known as a source for estate and antique jewelry. His love and understanding of this genre of jewelry has won Moses the trust and acclaim of individuals, retail jewelers, museums, and galleries. Mountain Gold Jewelers exemplifies the best of handcrafted, artisan gold jewelry. His commitment to excellence in design and workmanship has earned Moses a large following of local, national, and international clients over the years. Stop in to say aloha and see the beauty that awaits at Mountain Gold Jewelers! The story is open Monday–Friday, 11:30am–7:30pm and Saturdays, noon–6pm.

Mountain Gold Jewelers Kawaihae Shopping Center, upper level 61-3665 Akoni Pule Highway, Kawaihae 808.882.4653 | May-June 2019

Often called “the best little jewelry store on the Kohala Coast,” Mountain Gold Jewelers is a different kind of jewelry store and design studio. Moses Thrasher, founder of Mountain Gold Jewelers, has a long history of offering original fine jewelry creations and repair services that are affordable and accessible to everyone. A tradition of outstanding design, extraordinary workmanship, and exemplary customer service sets Mountain Gold Jewelers apart from others in this industry. Moses started his business on Maui in 1977 and moved to Hawai‘i Island in 1986. He has been a goldsmith for more than 40 years, working comfortably in 14K, 18K, and platinum. From his workbench prominently displayed in the store, Moses can design and make anything you can imagine. In addition to design, Moses is exceptionally talented in intricate jewelry repair, alteration, and restoration. He shares, “My focus has always been on providing a range of choices for jewelry customers who


Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

365 Kona

Akamai Events 808.747.2829

Aloha Theatre–Kainaliu Aloha Performing Arts Company 808.322.9924

Basically Books 808.961.0144

Donkey Mill Art Center 808.322.3362

Downtown Hilo Improvement Association 808.935.8850

Honoka‘a People’s Theatre

Food Hub Kohala 808.775.0000 Karla Heath, 808.224.1404

Hulihe‘e Palace Wilhelmina’s Tea

Friends of NELHA 808.329.1877 808.329.8073

Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua 808.494.0626

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i 808.969.9703


Hawai‘i Homegrown Food Network

Hawaii Museum of Contemporary Art/ EHCC 808.961.5711

Holualoa Village Association 808.333.6936

Island of Hawai‘i Visitors Bureau

Kahilu Theatre–Waimea 808.885.6868

Kailua Village Business Improvement District 808.326.7820

Kona Historical Society 808.323.3222

Kona Choral Society 808.334.9880

Kona Stories Bookstore 808.324.0350 800.648.2441

Kilauea Drama & Entertainment Network (KDEN) presents

Rodgers and Hammerstein’s

Resort and Shopping Center Cultural Events

Log onto websites for event calendars

Keauhou Shopping Center 808.322.3000

Kingsʻ Shops–Waikoloa 808.886.8811

Kona Commons Shopping Center 808.334.0005

Kona International Marketplace | May-June 2019 808.329.6262


Prince Kuhio Plaza 808.959.3555

Queens’ MarketPlace–Waikoloa

Custom baskets and floral arrangements for every occasion! 808.886.8000 808.886.8822

The Shops at Mauna Lani 808.885.9501

For More Information: 808-982-7344 •

Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.


Palace Theater–Hilo

Lyman Museum

Society for Kona’s Education & Art (SKEA) Shirley Stoffer, 808.345.2627 Liz Ambrose, 808.935.5021

Nā Wai Iwi Ola (NWIO) Foundation Kumu Keala Ching

North Kohala Community Resource Center 808.889.5523

One Island Sustainable Living Center 808.328.2452 808.934.7010 808.328.9392

West Hawaii Dance Theatre and Academy Virginia Holte, 808.329.8876


Volcano Art Center–Gallery 808.967.8222 UH Hilo Performing Arts Center 808.974.7310

Waimea Community Theatre 808.885.5818

West Hawai‘i County Band 808.961.8699

Trrical Fllls and AAangements

On Hawai‘i Island, call: 808.982.8322 Toll-free from the mainland, call: 866.982.8322 Or order online: Mission: to be Hawai’i Island’s premier job trainer/employer of individuals with developmental disabilities, expanding employment opportunities through agriculture/horticulture, and other activities to provide meaningful, compassionate, and successful employment. | May-June 2019

Send the gift of Aloha with East Hawai’i delivery and Shipments to all 50 States. Call to order today!


To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit go to:

Community Kökua


Kona Vistas Recreational Center 75-6350 Pualani St, Kailua-Kona 3rd Saturday, 1pm Trap, neuter, spay, community education, colony feeding, management. Contact Stephanie or Nancy 808.327.3724

Alzheimerʻs Association Aloha Chapter

Kailua-Kona and Hilo Ongoing Variety of volunteer opportunities available. Patrick Toal 808.591.2771 x 8234

Anna Ranch Heritage Center

65-1480 Kawaihae Rd., Waimea Tuesday–Friday, 10am–2:30pm Looking for docent volunteers to provide guided tours. Contact Dayna Wong 808.885.4426

Boys & Girls Club of the Big Island | May-June 2019

Hilo, Kea‘au, Pāhoa, Pāhala Oceanview, Hāmākua Monday–Friday, 2:30–5pm Volunteers needed for after-school youth programs 808.961.5536


Volunteer Opportunities

Calabash Cousins

Hulihe‘e Palace Grounds, Kailua-Kona 2nd Thursday of the month, 1–2:30pm Men and women who support the mission of Daughters of Hawai‘i. Contact Geri Eckert 808.329.9555

CommUNITY cares

Kailua-Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–5pm Saturday, 9am–2pm Community suffering from cancer, medical hair loss, domestic abuse. Contact Tiana Steinberg 808.326.2866

Donkey Mill Art Center

Hōlualoa Hōlualoa Foundation for Arts and Culture Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4pm Volunteers help in arts education program. Contact Anne Catlin 808.322.3362

East Hawai‘i Cultural Center/HMOCA

Gallery Hours: Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4PM

Office Hours: Tuesday–Friday, 10am–4pm Volunteer in the art galleries, performing arts, classes, workshops, festivals. 808.961.5711

Friends of Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden

Captain Cook Saturday, 9am–noon Volunteers needed to help with weeding, trimming and maintenance of the gardens. Contact Peter 808.323.3318 or 808.936.6457 Ethnobotanical-Garden-761479683986161

Friends of Lili‘uokalani Gardens

Hilo Ongoing Volunteers needed to help with the maintenance of Lili‘uokalani Gardens.

Friends of NELHA

Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawai‘i Keāhole Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–noon Share Ocean Science/Technology using deep ocean water.

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)


Hāmākua Youth Foundation, Inc.

Hāmākua Youth Center, Honoka‘a Daily, Mon. Tue. Fri. 2–5:30pm Wed. 1–5:30pm, Thu. 2–8pm Serving Hamakua’s school-age kids. Contact T. Mahealani Maiku‘i 808.775.0976

Hawai‘i Care Choices (Formerly Hospice of Hilo)

Serving East Hawai‘i since 1983 Seeking volunteers to provide staff support and care to patients and families. Contact Jeanette Mochida 808.969.1733

Hawaii Literacy/Kona Literacy Center Bougainvilla Plaza, Kailua-Kona Ongoing at various times Kona Literacy provides free, one-to-one tutoring for English speaking adults. Contact Lisa Jacob

Hawai‘i Island Humane Society

Kona Shelter, Kailua-Kona

To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit go to:

Community Kökua

Monday–Saturday, 9am–5pm Need volunteers 16 or older, parent/child team 6 or older. Contact Bebe Ackerman 808.217.0154

Hawai‘i Plantation Museum

Pāpa‘ikou Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–3pm Greet Visitors, assist with tours. Contact Wayne Subica 808.964.5151

Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund

Wai‘ōhinu Coastline, Ka‘ū SE Hawai‘i Island beach cleanups. Ongoing 7:45am Contact Megan Lamson 808.769.7629

Hope Services Hawaii, Inc.

The Friendly Place Resource Center, Kailua-Kona Ongoing Volunteers help our community members who are experiencing homelessness. Contact Joycelyn Cabal 808.217.2830

Volunteer Opportunities Hospice Care

North Hawai‘i Hospice, Waimea Monday–Friday, 8am–4:30pm Care for families facing serious illness. Contact Catrinka Holland 808.885.7547

Hui Kaloko-Honokohau

Kaloko Fishpond, Kailua-Kona Last Sunday of every month, 8am–noon Rehabilitating Kaloko Fishpond. Learn about Hawaiian culture and ecosystem. Volunteer with invasive species removal. Contact Ruth Aloua 808.785.0211

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i Hilo Tuesday-Sunday 9am–5pm Assist with tours, shows, education programs and membership. Contact Roxanne Ching 808.969.9704

Kahalu‘u Bay Education Center Kahalu‘u Beach, Kailua-Kona Daily 9:30am–4:30pm

ReefTeach Volunteers educate visitors on reef etiquette and protection. Contact Rachel Silverman 808.887.6411

Seeking volunteers to create the Carousel of Aloha Pavilion. Contact Katherine Patton 808.315.1093

Kohala Animal Relocation & Education Service (KARES)

Parrots in Paradise Sanctuary

Kamuela/Kona Shopping Area Saturdays and/or Sundays, 11am–4pm Volunteers needed to assist with pet adoption events. Contact: Deborah Cravatta 808.333.6299

Ku‘ikahi Mediation Center

Snorkel Day for People with Disabilities

Lions Clubs International

Sundayʻs Child Foundation

Make-A-Wish Hawaii

The Pregnancy Center

Hilo Ongoing Become a volunteer mediator via Basic Mediation Training and apprenticeship. 808.935.7844

Malama O Puna

808.882.GOLD (4653) Kawaihae Harbor Center

Rainbow Friends Animal Sanctuary

Kailua-Kona Seeking volunteers for help with box office and ushering at our concerts. Contact John Week 808.334.9880

Ongoing Granting wishes for children with life-threatening medical conditions. 808.537.3118

A Jewelry Store with a Real Jeweler

Kealakekua Flexible hours Monday–Friday Sanctuary for displaced parrots. Contact Dorothy Walsh 808.322.3006 Kurtistown Ongoing Volunteers needed to help care for the animals, repairs and maintenance to the Sanctuary, and help with the office paperwork. Contact Mary Rose 808.982.5110

Kona Choral Society

Various Locations, Kailua-Kona 2nd Tuesday, 5:30pm “We Serve” is the motto of Lions Clubs International. Contact Lani 808.325.1973

The Gentleman’s Ultimate Emerald and Diamond Ring

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

15-2881 Pahoa Village Rd, Pahoa Weekdays: 10am–1pm or by appt. Volunteers needed for outdoor work for our environmental nonprofit doing hands-on projects. Contact Rene 808.965.2000

North Kohala Community Resource Center

Kohala Welcome Center, Hāwī Daily 9am–noon or noon–3pm Greet people to North Kohala with aloha. Contact Juanita Rivera 808.889.5523

Paradise Ponies, Carousel of Aloha Hilo Coffee Mill, Mountain View Ongoing

Kahalu‘u Beach Park, Kailua-Kona 3rd Friday, 10am–2pm Volunteers needed. Contact Hannah Merrill 808.326.4400 x 4017

Kamuela Serving at-risk youth aged 6 to 17 Volunteers needed islandwide. Contact Lauren Rainier 877.375.9191 Kailua-Kona (serves the entire island) Monday–Friday Volunteers needed and appreciated! Free pregnancy testing, ultra sound, and client support. Contact Matthew Schaetzle, Director 808.326.2060

Therapeutic Horsemanship of Hawaii Kailua-Kona Volunteers are the heart and soul of this program. All levels of expertise needed. Contact Nancy Bloomfield 808.937.7903

Visitor Aloha Society of Hawai’i Island (VASH) Islandwide Ongoing Volunteers need to provide assistance to visitors who experience misfortune while visiting Hawai’i Island. Training provided. Contact Phoebe Barela 808.756.0785 Kona / 808.756.1472 Hilo

Hawai‘i Island Farmers Markets East

Tuesday 3–5:30pm * Hakalau Farmers Market and FoodShare. Hakalau Veteranʻs Park, Old Mamalahoa Hwy


1st and 3rd Friday of the month 4–8pm Mā‘ona Community Garden Friday Night Market 84-5097 Keala O Keawe Rd. Hōnaunau Saturday 8am–noon * Keauhou Farmers Market, Keauhou Shopping Center, Keauhou. Saturday 7am–1pm Waikoloa Village Farmers g Market, 68-3625 Paniolo Ave., Waikoloa Community Church parking lot across from Waikoloa Elementary School. | May-June 2019

Saturday 9am–noon Hōlualoa Gardens Farmers g Market 76-5901 Māmalahoa Hwy, Hōlualoa. Sunday 9am–2pm * Pure Kona Green Market g Kealakekua, Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden. Wednesday 8:30am–2:30pm Kings’ Shops Farmers Market Waikoloa Beach Resort Kohala Coast. Wednesday 9am–2pm Ho‘oulu Community Farmers g Market, Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay.

Wednesday 2–6pm Kona Sunset Farmers Marketg 88 74-5511 Luhia St (HPM parking lot).

Wednesday–Sunday 7am–4pm Kona Village Farmers Market, corner of Ali‘i Drive and Hualālai Rd.

North Saturday 8am–3pm * Hāwi Farmers Market, North Kohala, across from Post Office and Nakahara Store under the banyans. Saturday 7:30am–1pm * Kamuela Farmers’ Market g 67-139 Pukalani Rd, Waimea. Saturday 7:30am–12:30pm Kūhiō Hale Farmers’ Market 64-756 Māmalahoa Hwy, Waimea. Saturday 8am–1pm Waimea Town Market g at Parker School, 65-1224 Lindsey Rd., Waimea. Saturday 7am–noon Waimea Homestead Farmers Market, 67-1229 Māmalahoa Hwy, Waimea. Tuesday 2–5pm Kekela Farms Organic Farmers Market, 64-604 Mana Rd., Waimea. 100% organic. Wednesday 9am–3pm Waimea Mid-Week Farmer’s g Market at Pukalani Stables, 67-139 Pukalani Rd in Waimea.

* EBT accepted • g Dog Friendly •

Saturday 7:30am–2pm Honoka‘a Farmers Market, Mamane St., Honoka‘a, Honoka‘a Trading Co., Old Botelho Bldg.

Every 2nd Saturday 10am–2pm Orchidland Community Association Farmers Market Community Lot Orchidland Dr. Daily 7am–5pm Kea‘au Village Market, Behind Spoonful Cafe and gas station, Kea‘au.

Sunday 9am–2pm * Hāmākua Harvest Farmers g Market, Honoka‘a Hwy 19 and Mamane St.

Wednesday Evenings 5–9pm Farmers Market Kalapana end of Kalapana-Kopoho Rd, (Rte 137), next to Kalapana Village Cafe.

Sunday 9am–1pm Laupāhoehoe Farmers Market. Next to the Minit Stop on Hwy 19.

Saturday 8am–noon * Outer SPACE Ho‘olaule‘a at Uncle Roberts ‘Awa Club, Kalapana.

Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 7am–4pm Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 30 vendors.

Monday–Saturday 10am–6pm * Dimple Cheek Farm Hwy 11, Mountain View.

Wednesday and Saturday 6am–4pm * Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 200 vendors. Friday Friday 11am–5pm Saturday 7am–1pm Pana‘ewa Farmers Market 363 Railroad Ave, Hilo (across from Home Depot.)

Saturday 10am–3pm Hawaiian Acres Farmers Market 16-1325 Moho Rd., Kurtistown Saturday 9am–2pm * Hilo Coffee Mill, g 17-995 Volcano Rd., Mountain View (on Hwy. 11 between mile markers 12 and 13).


Saturday 7am–noon * Kino‘ole Farmers Market. Kino‘ole Shopping Plaza, 1990 Kino‘ole St., Hilo.

Sunday 6:30am–10am * Volcano Farmers Market, Cooper Center, 1000 Wright Rd., Volcano Village.

Sunday 7am–2pm Nānāwale Community Market, Nānāwale Community Longhouse.

Saturday and Wednesday 8am–2pm Nā‘ālehu Farmers Market, Ace Hardware lawn.

Sunday 6am–2pm * Maku‘u Farmers Market, Kea‘au-Pāhoa bypass road.

Please send info on new markets or changes to

Celebrating a Long Time Advertiser activity from 10am until noon. Create your own beautiful crafts, such as a flower or yarn lei, with lessons from the talented kūpuna (elders). These kūpuna are also passionate entertainers, so while you work on your creation, you can also watch as they sing and dance to some of Hawai‘i’s favorite melodies. General Manager Kristin Kamakau says, “We are able to ensure events are truly ‘legendary’ by treating each event as an opportunity to provide an authentic and credible learning opportunity about how special this place is.” Every Saturday, the community can purchase locally grown produce, 100% Kona coffee, honey, jams, macadamia nuts, and other amazing items at the beautiful outdoor farmers’ market. All products are grown and produced in Hawai‘i. The Keauhou Farmers'Market is held in the parking lot area in front of Longs from 8am until noon. The Keauhou Shopping Center’s Hui Kako‘o concert series is a benefactor to the Hawai‘i Food Basket, and its mission is to bring an end to hunger in Hawai‘i. The concert held in January 2019 set a record-breaking donation of $560 and 1,568 pounds of canned food. The shopping center, with the community’s help, hopes to break its existing record at the upcoming Hui Kako‘o benefit on June 29th, featuring Kanani Kahaunaele, a five time Nā Hōkū Hanohano award winner, live in concert. Need transportation to the center? Not to worry—the shopping center is a stop on the Honu Express Trolley, making it convenient for those who need a lift. The Keauhou Shopping Center, owned by Kamehameha Schools and managed by JLL, has been operating for more than 35 years. GM Kristin said, “We invite you to come and experience our events, meet our merchants and see for yourself why we were voted West Hawai‘i’s best shopping center!” Keauhou Shopping Center 78-6831 Alii Drive, Kailua-Kona 808.322.3000 | May-June 2019

Keauhou Shopping Center, known as “Kona’s legendary gathering place,” is the centerpiece of the Keauhou Resort. A modern getaway surrounded by rich Hawaiian history, this legendary retail destination in Kailua-Kona offers shopping, dining, services, and entertainment for all. The eclectic range of shops offered means there is something for everyone. With a grand mix of approximately 40 merchants, it comes as no surprise that the community voted Keauhou Shopping Center as “The Best Shopping Center” in the Best of West Hawai‘i for 2018. With this title, the center prides itself as being the preferred shopping center for locals and visitors alike. Many of the center’s establishments offer a multitude of things to do, such as the seven-screen movie theater, a heritage center museum, art galleries, fine dining, fast food, and even a post office. Keauhou Shopping Center offers special opportunities to learn about the heritage of the Kona coast through special entertainment, educational programs, and the Kahalu‘u Heritage Center. The Keauhou area is where significant events took place that shaped the ancient history of Hawai‘i, and Keauhou Bay was the setting for some of the most dramatic ones. A nearby natural spring’s fresh waters helped bring life to King Kamehameha III at his birth. The shores were the summer playground of the Ali‘i, Hawai‘i’s chiefs and royalty. The land was used for recreation, but was also bloodied by monumental battles that eventually led to the unification of the Hawaiian Islands under one king. The area has some of the most sacred heiau (temples) and sites in Hawaiian history and now boasts the restored beach house of King Kalākaua. Be sure to plan a visit to the Heritage Center (admission is complimentary) and learn more about why Keauhou is so special. You’ll also be able to learn about the culture through song and dance by attending the center’s free weekly hula performance every Friday night beginning at 6pm in the center courtyard. The monthly Kūpuna Crafts event takes place the first Thursday of every month and is another fun cultural




Parks Realty, LLC

Talk Story with an Advertiser

LAND SURVEYING | May-June 2019




Kimberly A. K. Parks provides real estate services with aloha, everywhere on Hawai‘i Island. Kim originally started in escrow. She shared with us, “I enjoyed this field of the work—it intrigued me, and after nine years in escrow services, I decided to get my real estate license.” She worked for two local companies for a total of 12 years, then two years ago she created Parks Realty, LLC. When asked why she chose the location for Parks Realty, LLC, Kim said, “The reason my office is located in downtown Hilo is because when I decided to open up my own company, I wanted to stay located near businesses in Hilo that I work with on a daily basis, and to accommodate my clients. I was fortunate that an office space became available. I’m very happy here—it is centrally located.” Kim was born in Pennsylvania, into a military family that traveled all over the world. Her mother is from Hawai‘i Island and her father from Illinois. When Kim’s father retired from the military, the family moved to Hawai‘i Island, residing in Kaimu with her grandparents for a short time. Kim then relocated to Mountain View, where she resides today, and graduated from Waiakea High School. What makes Kim’s real estate business unique is that she’s always available for her clients when they need anything, and she always remembers the relationship does not end at the closing of escrow. Kim is grateful for having the support of her husband throughout creating Parks Realty, and for her entire career. They have two children who have been supportive throughout the development of her business, as well. Kim shared, “These kids have been through it all, traveling all over the island since they were young and they are grown up now!” As Kim looks to the future, she says, “I’ll still continue to work in this business and help clients. My most frequent customers are buyers looking to pursue their first or second home, and investors looking for investment properties.” Kim’s “aloha spirit,” and her professionalism and service to her clients are exceptional. As a top-producing agent, Kim has become very skillful at balancing working with her clients, listing and showing properties, and spending quality time with her family. She looks forward to assisting you with your real estate needs. Parks Realty, LLC Kimberly A K Parks, RB 614 Kilauea Avenue, Suite 2, Hilo 808.987.0285

TR's Property Shop, LLC


Talk Story with an Advertiser

TR’s Property Shop TR Odeh 808.896.1964




TR Odeh comes from a family of success stories. His mom was running a thriving steakhouse when he was born and she took him to work with her immediately after, and his dad owned a trucking company that delivered jeans across the country. While his seven siblings chose to work in the medical profession, TR became a firefighter, while also running a successful arborist business. TRʻs career started in 1996, when he joined the US Forestry Department. He became a smokejumper—a firefighter trained to jump out of helicopters—and his team would stay out in the forest for seven days at a time. To help prevent the spread of fires, TR and his team would go 120–140 feet up in the air to cut the top half of trees off, rappel down, and then cut the rest of the trees from the ground. These experiences set the seed for the beginning of TR’s tree cutting business. TR has lived on Hawai‘i Island since 1991. Beginning in 1996, he worked in Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and California for each year’s fire season. He got his fire science degree and became a certified, accredited structure firefighter, smokejumper, and search and rescue operator, and did that for 12 years. In 1998, he founded his tree service on Hawai‘i Island. Simultaneously, TR was recruited by the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, and for eight years taught marketing and consumer behavior there. Eventually, TR left firefighting and teaching so he could focus on his tree and yard maintenance business. One of TR’s greatest achievements is when he climbed to the summit of Mount Everest in 2008, saying “it provided me with humility and grassroots thinking that has allowed me to persevere in business.” TR’s favorite type of work utilizes his skills and education as a certified arborist—his scientific outlook on the health of trees and what will help his clients to maintain their landscape. He and his crew enjoy the challenge of complex jobs, like trees that are overhanging homes and catchment tanks. They prune and take down albizia, lychee, banyan, mango, and other invasive trees such as gunpowder, African tulips, basswood, and cecropia. When it rains, they are unable to do tree work, so TR and his crew have diversified. Offering landscape and architectural design, water features, arborist services, remodels, and reconstruction, TR and his crew serve the entire island and offer free estimates, so give him a call!


Mahalo to our advertisers! By recognizing the value of Ke Ola Magazine for their marketing, they enable us to perpetuate and immortalize these important stories that deserve to be shared. Please visit them (in person, online, or by phone) and thank them for providing you this copy. Without them, Ke Ola Magazine would not exist.

Advertiser Index

Accomodations Kïlauea Lodge


Activities, Culture & Event

Aloha Theatre 58 Big Island Blues & Jazz Festival 44 Big Island Skydiving 72 Celebrating Life 2019 3 FairWind Big Island Ocean Guides 63 Flower Drum Song, Kilauea Drama & Entertainment 84 Hawaii Cannabis Educational Conference 85 Hilo Brewfest 40 Hilo Orchid Show & Sale 39 Hula Kai Snorkeling Adventures 62 ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center 70 Island Writing Workshops with Darien Gee 42 Made in Hawaii Film Festival 28 Ocean Sports 68 Palace Theater 22 Rainbow Friends 20th Anniversary Furball 43

Art, Crafts & Jewelry

Akamai Art Supply Barbara Hanson Polymer Clay Artwork Colette's Custom Framing Dovetail Gallery & Design Glyph Art Gallery Harbor Gallery Holualoa Gallery Holualoa Ukulele Gallery Isaacs Art Center (at Hawaii Preparatory Academy) Ipu Arts Plus Kona Frame Shop Mountain Gold Jewelers One Gallery Pat Pearlman Designs Shelly Batha Art Simple Elegance Gems Volcano Art Center


Precision Auto Repair

54 34 80 34 34 93 34 34 86 34 51 87 22 34 43 42 27 24 | May-June 2019

CBD.Center 72 Colloidal Silver made on Hawai‘i Island 91

Ke Ola Magazine recognizes the use of the ‘okina [‘] or glottal stop, as one of the eight consonants of (modern) Hawaiian language; and the kahakō [ā] or macron (e.g., in place names of Hawai‘i such as Pāhoa). Ke Ola Magazine respects the individual use of these markings for names of organizations and businesses.

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Building, Construction & Home Services

Colette's Custom Framing 80 dlb & Associates 90 Hamakua Canvas Co, (Upholstery) 91 Hawaii Water Service Co. 16 Hawaii Electric Light Co. 80 Hawaii PE, LLC 6 Indich Collection Hawaiian Rugs 13 Kona Frame Shop 51 Parasdise Plants 65 Polynesian Development, Inc. 59 RK Woods 16 SlumberWorld 60 Statements 74 Tai Lake Custom Furniture 24 TR's Property Shop, LLC 78 Uncle Tilo's Water Catchment Services 38 Water Works 38 Yurts of Hawai‘i 19

Business & Professional Services Aloha Kona Kids A.S.K. About Travel Employment Experts Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union


Maika‘i Veterinary Clinic, LLC Keauhou Veterinary Hospital, LLC

Real Estate

Beauty, Health & Nutrition


Dr. Deborah Ardolf & Associates, Naturopath Dr. Eric Mizuba, Chiropractor, Sports Physician Dr. Joan Greco, DDS, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery I Love Kigelia® Skin Care Serum Keary Adamson, LMT North Hawai‘i Community Hospital Quantum Health Hawaii- Carbon 60 Fullerene Reiki Healing Arts

Ayche McClung, RS, EXP Realty Beverly Y. Crudele, RS, Clark Realty Clark Realty Coldwell Banker-Daylum Properties Derinda Thatcher's Team Sold

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Jeanna Rimmer, RS, Hawai‘i Life Kelly Shaw, RS, Elite Pacific Kimi White, RB, Rainbow Properties Lava Rock Realty Paradise Found Realty Parks Realty LLC Team Nakanishi, Hawai‘i Life Windermere C and H Properties

Restaurants & Food

Ahualoa Farms Daylight Mind Coffee House, Café & Bakery Kailua Candy Company Kohala Grown Market Lucy's Taqueria Päpa‘aloa Country Store & Cafe Peaberry & Galette Standard Bakery Sugai Kona Coffee Sushi Rock & Trio

Retail & Gifts

Ahualoa Farms Aloha Gift Box Subscriptions Basically Books Hawaii's Gift Baskets Hawaii Cigar & Ukulele Island Clutter Consignment Shoppe Kadota Liquor Keauhou Shopping Center Kings' Shops Kona Commons Shopping Center Mana Cards Päpa‘aloa Country Store & Cafe Paradise Found Boutique Paradise Plants Puna Kamali‘i Flowers Queens' MarketPlace RK Woods Shops at Mauna Lani

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Send us your comments, letters, and photos! We accept email, snail mail, submissions through our website, or posts on Facebook.

UA MAU KE EA O KA ‘ÄINA I KA PONO. The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness. [Its sustainability depends on doing what is right.] Proclamation by Kona-born King Kamehameha III in 1843. Later adopted as the Hawai‘i state motto.

Publisher, Marketing, Operations    Barbara Garcia, 808.329.1711 x1,

Editor Barbara Garcia

Editorial Assistant Michelle Sandell

Advertising, Business Development   Barbara Garcia, 808.345.2017,

Bookkeeping    808.329.1711 x 3,

Customer Service, Subscriptions    Barbara Garcia, 808.329.1711 x4,

Distribution Managers Laura Ruff, 808.765.7947, Charles Ruff, 541.543.4013,

Creative Design & Production

   Aaron Miyasato, Creative Director, 4digital, Inc. 808.961.2697     Noren Irie, Graphics & IT/networking

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Ambassadors    Emily T Gail • Fern Gavelek • Keala Ching • Mars Cavers     Sharon Bowling • WavenDean Fernandes

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94 | May-June 2019 | May-June 2019


Celebrating 15 Years as a Realtor!

Kelly’s Hawaii Business Magazine Awards: • 2017 Top 100 Realtors To Do Business With, Transactions & Top Sales Honorable Mention • 2014, 2015 & 2018 Top 100 Transactions

KAILUA KONA | May-June 2019

Your own private paradise. Sophisticated 3 bedroom/2.5 bath home on large lot with ocean views. MLS 626704


Private 4bed/4 bath on over one acre MLS 624267


2bed/2bath Seascape condo w/ ocean views MLS 626479


Spacious 2bed/2.5 bath w/ pool & ocean views MLS 624337

96 “I've worked with Kelly numerous times in the past. Her clients’ best interests are always top in her mind. She is the type of ethical and honest professional you want on your side...and she's a joy to work with. Highly recommend.” Zillow Review

Profile for Ke Ola Magazine

May-June 2019  

May-June 2019  

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