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Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine The Life |


Nowemapa – Këkëmapa

November – December


Hilo's Wailoa Center Celebrates 50 Years _ _ The Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hamakua Hawaiian Sanctuary: Sustainable Living & Learning

2 | November-December 2017


Fair Wind II and Hula Kai at historic Kealakekua Bay & site of the Captain Cook Monument Information & Reservations 808.322.2788 | | November-December 2017


Cover painting: Hawaii Golden Bouquet by Roz Marshall. Table of contents image: PEACE by Colin Anderson and Robert Andia. Read more about them on page 81.

The Life

Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine Nowemapa – Këkëmapa | November – December 2017

Arts 50 Years of Inspired Art at Hiloʻs Wailoa Center 15 By Leilehua Yuen

Strike up the Band!

Hawai‘i County Band Entertains Hawai‘i Island for Over 130 Years By Karen Rose


Community Kīlauea Military Camp


Volcano Cottages Celebrate 25th Anniversary


One of Hiloʻs Unsung Heros: Mary Matayoshi


Family of Service


Meet Hawai‘iʻs Dr. Doolittle, Paul Breese


Then and Now: The Big Island Press Club


Morale, Welfare and Recreation are Served Along with Aloha By Karen Valentine Hale Ohia Cottagesʻ Hidden Charms By Alan D. McNarie By Denise Laitien

Honoring Hawai‘i Island Veterans: A father and daughter story By Catherine Tarleton By Ma‘ata Tufuafu

By Paula Thomas & Lara Hughes

Hands on History:


The Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua


Puka‘ana Church: Steeped in History and Spirit


Relive the Life of Konaʻs Coffee Pioneers By Fern Gavelek

By Mālielani Larish

By Denise Laitinen

Sustainability Hawaiian Sanctuary

Sustainable Living and Learning By Brittany P. Anderson

41 | November-December 2017



The Life

Hawai‘i Island’s Community Magazine Nowemapa – Këkëmapa | November – December 2017

Ka Wehena: The Opening ‘Ōhai‘ula

By Kumu Keala Ching


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From Our Publisher As we prepared this this issue to go to print, I had the privilege of hearing Keli‘i Akina, President/CEO of Grassroot Institute of Hawaii and Trustee of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, speak at a Rotary meeting. I was impressed with Keli‘i’s philosophy of “E hana kākou, let’s work together!” He explained how he and the institute bring people of different belief systems together to find common ground—to work together for the greater good. It struck me that these are common Hawaiian values, such as lōkahi (unity) and aloha (unconditional love). It also reminded me of the simple act of “talking story”—getting together to resolve conflict through open communication. When explaining to the audience how he goes about initiating these types of conversations, Keli‘i mentioned a memory of something Aunty Nona Beemer had said, “what binds us together is that we have all come together from a distant place.” He was referring to the fact that everyone on these islands, even the Kanaka Ma‘oli (Native Hawaiians), originally came from somewhere else. They made these islands their home, just like so many other malihini (newcomers) over several generations. We are all here to serve the island and its people. That leads to the theme of this issue: service. There are so many ways to offer service, and in this issue we highlight some of our residents who are leading the way in service to our island, and our world. We like to dedicate a story in every November/December issue to an exemplary veteran. This year we’re highlighting father and daughter veterans, Clarence and Kareen Medeiros. They and their family’s, along with many others, have sacrificed

so much to provide an invaluable service to our country. We commend our veterans, and give thanks for their commitment to serving us. Another person providing service is Lanakila Mangauil, who created the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua, where they’re teaching hula, ‘ōlelo Hawai‘i (Hawaiian language, oli (chanting) and much more to Hāmākua youth. There’s also Steve Lund and Wade Bauer from Hawaiian Sanctuary in Pāhoa, where, thanks to grant funding, they are able to teach free permaculture classes. This is an incredibly powerful form of service to our island—teaching people how to grow their own food is the most important form of sustainability. There are many other service-oriented stories in this issue, which are just a small sampling of those people who are in service to our island. As we close out our ninth year of publishing Ke Ola Magazine, we would like to express our gratitude for all those who have blessed our island community with their time and resources to make it what we consider the most incredible place on earth. We look forward to sharing many more stories with you in future issues, and welcome suggestions about inspiring people and happenings, which can be submitted via our website. Ho‘opōmaika‘i, wishing you blessings for a safe and happy holiday season! Barbara Garcia and Ke Ola Magazine’s ‘ohana

From Our Readers Letters to the Editor and Publisher:

Cover photograph: Maraya Ben-Joseph was honored to be invited with Kanani Enos’s Hālau o ka Hāliko to greet and welcome the crew of Hōkūle‘a at Ho‘okena on Saturday, July 27, 2013, where she was captured in the photograph by Kathleen T. Carr, which we featured on our September/October 2017 cover. Maraya, is a mother of two children, a farmer on the Ben-Joseph Family Farms, and on staff at The Olohana Foundation (

Mahalo nui loa, Ke Ola Magazine! You showcased cultural activities that we loved in our last few weeks in Kona, that we couldnʻt find on the Hawai‘i tourism calendar! I’m writing articles about Hawaiicon and will include a link to your page! Gloria Hasler, Chrysalis-Travel, Palmdale, California

Hōkūle‘a feature story: I live on the Big Island and I really like reading Ke Ola Magazine. I enjoyed the beautiful picture of Hōkūle‘a on the cover and the article Ho‘ina Hōkūle‘a—Hōkūle‘a Returns by Leilehua Yuen. Hikianalia was the escort vessel from Hawai‘i to New Zealand but from New Zealand onward Gershon II, a local sailboat from Kona, was the escort boat for the Hōkūle‘a. Gershon II escorted the Hōkūle‘a from New Zealand around the world and back to the Big Island. Gershon II did not escort Hōkūle‘a on the east coast of the US. How do I know that? As owner/first mate of Gershon II I was fortunate enough to be on board for the voyage. We were blessed with many fine crew who worked with dedication through some difficult situations on the Worldwide Voyage so we wanted Gershon II and her crew to get the recognition they deserve. Mahalo, Cheryl Kornberg, Kailua-Kona, Hawai‘i Editor's note: We apologize for these omissions.

Aloha Barbara, I love Ke Ola Magazine. Itʻs first class, all are collectors’ issues. Glad to know who’s behind this gem—another gem. Mahalo for sharing your expertise to bring out the great local stories, in great color, on good paper, and great quality. I save all the issues. Hoʻomau, continue. Maikaʻi loa, very proud. All my blessings to you and Ke Ola Magazine. Lolana Medeiros, Kailua-Kona Barbara’s response: Lolana contacted me via Facebook. When I saw his last name, I asked if he was related to Clarence and his family. When he said yes, that Clarence is his brother, I asked if he knew we were doing a story on him and his family in this issue. He didn’t. Big island, small world! Mahalo, Lolana, for your kind words! | November-December 2017

Corrections to September/October 2017 issue:


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_ ‘Ohai‘ula

Ka Wehena

Na Kumu Keala Ching

I ka nani ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula Ma ke kai hāwanawana Malu ‘ia ‘o Mauna Kea Pili maila (‘o) Pu‘u Koholā Eō mai ē, e ala ē Eō mai ē ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula Lana mai nā kūpuna Puka maila ma ‘Ōhai‘ula ‘Ike wale iā Haleakalā ‘Alenuihāhā lā Eō mai ē, e ala ē Eō mai ē ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula Puana ‘ia mai Lohe ‘ia ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula Mālama nō ka inoa Nā kama Kanu o ka ‘āina Eō mai ē, e ala ē Eō mai ē ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula Eō mai ē ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula

Beautiful indeed is ‘Ōhai‘ula At the whispering sea Protected by Mauna Kea Pu‘u Koholā relatively close Rejoice indeed, Awaken Rejoice the name, ‘Ōhai‘ula Upon the waters are those Arise from within ‘Ōhai‘ula Haleakalā is seen Indeed is ‘Alenuihāhā Rejoice indeed, Awaken Rejoice the name, ‘Ōhai‘ula It is said ‘Ōhai‘ula is heard A name of honor By the children of the land Rejoice indeed, Awaken Rejoice the name, ‘Ōhai‘ula Rejoice the name, ‘Ōhai‘ula

‘Ike ‘ia ka nani ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula e nā kūpuna o Kona, ma ke kai hāwanawana lohe ‘ia ka inoa ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula. Ma uka ala, aia ho‘i ka malu o Mauna Kea, pili ho‘i i ka nani ‘o Pu‘ukoholā. Eō maila ka inoa ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula, e ala ē, eō mai ē! Lana ho‘i ka pono o ke kai, puka maila ka nani ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula. Ma ku‘u maka, aia kū kilakila ‘o Haleakalā me ‘Alenuihāhā lā. Eō maila ka inoa ‘o ‘Ōhai‘ula! The beauty of ‘Ōhai‘ula seen by the elders of Kona, upon the whispering sea you are able to hear the name ‘Ōhai‘ula. Upward is Mauna Kea protector of ‘Ōhai‘ula, relatively near Pu‘ukoholā. Rejoice the name of ‘Ōhai‘ula, awaken, rejoice! Righteousness of the sea, beauty emerge from ‘Ōhai‘ula. My eyes witness the majestic Haleakalā and ‘Alenuihāhā. Rejoice the name ‘Ōhai‘ula!

For more information on Kumu Keala and Nä Wai Iwi Ola, visit: Sunset at ÿÖhaiÿula (Spencer Beach Park). photo courtesy of Aaron Miyasato

At Kilauea Military Camp Morale, Welfare and Recreation are Served Along with Aloha By Karen Valentine | November-December 2017

Eyes light up when visitors to Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park (HVNP) arrive during the holidays and they see the seemingly incongruous row of small cabins, lined up in military precision, bedecked with colorful holiday decorations, each one different from the other. These are the historic cottages that line the front entrance of Kīlauea Military Camp (KMC). Incongruous because KMC is part of the U.S. Army’s MWR (Morale, Welfare and Recreation) Program for active duty military and their families, even though it’s located within the unrelated National Park. It is a unique situation among the many worldwide military MWR destinations. The holiday decorations, conceived as a contest among KMC employees and departments, are meant to bring cheer to the guests, while perhaps reminding the public of soldiers who aren’t coming home for the holidays. This is a place where hospitality is dispensed with aloha, as management and personnel are dedicated to their mission and proud of the camp’s history. November and December are significant months at KMC, not only for the holiday decorations, but also for Veterans Day, November 11, and Pearl Harbor Day, December 7. Each Veterans Day a ceremony and program is held next to the sky-high flagpole on the spacious front lawn at KMC, featuring a prominent speaker. Pearl Harbor Day isn’t marked there as such, however it commemorates a chapter of history at KMC, when it served


Kïlauea Military Camp's Christmas tree brightens the darkness in front of decorated cabins that spectators can vote for through New Year's Eve. photo courtesy of Kïlauea Military Camp

Kïlauea Military Camp invites the public to judge its cottage decorating contest for Christmas lighting. photo courtesy of Kïlauea Military Camp as an internment camp for Japanese residents of Hawai‘i following the infamous attack on Pearl Harbor at the beginning of America’s entry into World War II, and later as a prisoner-ofwar camp. Today, as throughout its history, KMC’s mission is to serve as a vacation retreat for the soldiers and families, especially during their leaves just before and after their deployments overseas. It supports all branches of the military as well as National Guard and Reserve components. “They deserve all the quality time they can get,” says Deputy Director Bruce Taylor, who emphasizes the spirit of aloha offered there by all the employees. “KMC stays very busy; word of mouth is why folks come here and keep coming back. Some of our guests have grown up here, having returned every year.” Accommodations are available in 90 charming, 1920s-era guest cottages and apartments with one, two or three bedrooms and fireplaces. Some of the buildings and all but one of the cabins are decorated with Hawai‘i-themed stained glass windows, a motif first begun with local artist Beverly Jackson in the 1980s as part of a cabin remodeling. There is also a 110bed dormitory for groups. All accommodations are reserved for military patrons, family members and their sponsored guests

at reasonable rates, compared with hotels and resorts. The cost varies depending on the ranks of soldiers, with the higher ranks paying more, Bruce said. In addition to the accommodations, the KMC campus of nearly 50 acres also includes the popular six-lane Bowling Center; Crater Rim Café; Lava Lounge, meeting and banquet facilities; a general store; a recreation lodge; tennis, volleyball and basketball courts; fitness center, and a theater. Events are held regularly, such as the Mongolian BBQ dinners. The lounge, restaurant and recreation facilities are also open to the public. “Our six bowling lanes are very busy,” says Bruce. “They have a seniors league, and lots of people come up from Hilo, which no longer has a bowling center.” Not only do guests have the opportunity to view an active volcano each day and night right outside their front door, the camp also offers tours to all parts of the island and promotes the nearby Volcano Golf Club.

First place winner in the 2014 Christmas decorating contest at Kïlauea Military Camp. photo courtesy of Kïlauea Military Camp

Kïlauea Military Camp is all lit up for the holidays. Staff competes to win in an internal competition. photo courtesy of Kïlauea Military Camp A Fascinating History Both Kīlauea Military Camp and Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park celebrated their centennials last year, each having been established in the same year, 1916. The world was also at war in 1916, and military preparedness was on the minds of a group of enterprising Hilo businessmen. Since the Volcano area was a popular vacation spot, they decided to invest $17,000 to create a maneuvering ground for the National Guard and a vacation spot for Hawai‘i members of the army. At that time they took a lease with Bishop Estate, which owned the land. After the National Park was established, the tenancy of KMC’s land within the park’s 300,000-plus acres came under a Special Use Permit with

HVNP. It is renewed every 10 years. When KMC first opened its doors it only had an officers’ building, eating and cooking facilities, latrines and tents for sleeping. The private venture was not as profitable as hoped, and the local entrepreneurs asked the Army to take over management in 1921. By 1922, the tents were replaced with cottages, and a post exchange, bakery, barbershop, power and water plants were added. A bell tower was installed to warn of volcanic eruptions. By 1937, KMC had expanded vacation accommodations for 23 officers and their families, and about 200 enlisted men, as well as the 14 officers and enlisted men of the permanent detachment. Plans were underway within HVNP, as well, to help the war preparation efforts. Park rangers and volunteers formed committees with the shared goal to offer park services to army units stationed on the island of Hawai‘i. Following the Pearl Harbor attack, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) officials and local police began arresting mostly male Japanese immigrant community leaders starting on the night of December 7, 1941 and continuing over the next few weeks. All such men on the island of Hawai‘i whom authorities had previously identified as potential threats were taken to KMC. All of Hawai‘i was under martial law, and national park officials were required to enforce martial law regulations.

The lava lake within Halemaÿumaÿu Crater at the summit of Kïlauea on February 1, 2014. photo courtesy of Kïlauea Military Camp

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Dancing in 1963 in the Koa Room for the US Marines 181st birthday. photo courtesy of Kïlauea Military Camp

KMC became the largest incarceration center in the islands outside of O‘ahu. Inmates were treated well, according to personal accounts by the Japanese internees, and they were soon moved to other locations like Sand Island in Honolulu and then to the mainland. Following the departure of Japanese inmates in 1942, authorities built a prisoner of war (POW) camp at KMC in 1944. By July of 1945, approximately 100 POWs—Okinawans and others—were housed there. Throughout its history, KMC has hosted top military generals and dignitaries. One of the visitors in 1946 was Army Chief of Staff Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, who stayed in a slightly larger cabin that is now decorated with pictures of the former supreme Allied commander and US President. Serious About Historic Preservation KMC is situated within the Crater Rim National Historic District designated for Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. Since all of their structures—buildings and rock walls—are of similar age, their styles blend together seamlessly. From the beginning, buildings were preserved and repaired instead of being torn down, according to Bruce. “Due to the fact that we are part of the Army, state and national historical preservation registries, rules are very strict about repairing or replacing anything. The glass in my office window is still | November-December 2017

Crater Rim Cafe and the adjacent Lava Lounge are open to the general public.


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A stunning, stained glass volcano window in the entrance lobby. photo by Karen Valentine

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original and everything must be historically correct. Everything is extremely well-preserved.” Cabin exteriors still look as they did in the 1920s, yet the interiors are modern, with all the conveniences guests might want or expect. “The U.S. Army are excellent stewards of the property and environment,” says Bruce. “Our entire water system is selfsustaining with on-site filtration, rainwater treatment and storage. We have a unique arrangement with HVNP, which doesn’t have to do any maintenance. The U.S. Army GarrisonHawai‘i is responsible for the infrastructure. Our operations are mostly self-sustaining with expenses and supplies paid for by KMC revenue, therefore not taxpayer funded.” As building repair and construction projects come up, the Army calls in members of Engineering Battalions or “Seabees” to work with KMC crew as apprentices and acquire training for military projects overseas, Bruce says. The Hawai‘i Army Weekly newspaper described a project completed in 2012 at KMC: The 33 Soldiers—comprised of carpentry and masonry specialists, electricians, plumbers, concrete and asphalt equipment operators and a surveyor—came together to successfully complete the construction of a retaining wall…..



“Working at KMC was a perfect opportunity for Soldiers to cross train outside their mission occupation specialties and learn carpentry and masonry skills they will need to build the school in the Philippines,” said Staff Sgt. James Rose, squad leader, 643rd Eng. Co. “They need to adapt to building the structures the climate supports because construction is our main mission in the Pacific. It was great to get hands-on experience.” | November-December 2017

Deputy Director Bruce Taylor stands by the historic photo of former Army Chief of Staff and US President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who visited KMC in 1946. photo by Karen Valentine


14 - ALOHA meaning: a generous nurturing love that radiates calmness, acceptance and warmth.

Bruce says KMC’s approximately 100 employees like working there and they have little turnover. “People like what they do. Our loyal long-term employees are extremely talented. We take care of our guests with Aloha spirit, as one big family. Because they care so much about our guests, they often go beyond the call of duty. For example, we’ll have housekeeping staff volunteer to do babysitting, and other staff chip in to help change a flat tire for a guest. The more we stay full, the cheaper we can keep it for the average young soldiers and their families.” Veterans also get a lot of respect here. Various veterans’ organizations, such as the Wounded Warriors Program and Single Soldiers Program, use the facility. Bruce comments, “You don’t see uniforms, either, so rank isn’t noticed. Everybody’s a VIP at KMC.” This year’s Veterans Day ceremony and program on November 11 at KMC will feature the Commander of Pohakuloa Training Area Lt. Col. Christopher Marquez as keynote speaker. It is free and open to the public. n For more information:

50 Years of Inspired Art at Hilo’s Wailoa Center By Leilehua Yuen

Top: Wailoa Center 2017, looking makai. Bottom left: Framework of the new $275,000 visitor center at Waiolama Canal and Wailoa River. (Photo by Larry Kadooka, Hawaii Tribune-Herald, July 26, 1967.) Bottom right: The Wailoa Visitors Center looking makai. silver, which ran for four years. That was followed by a kimono exhibit, which ran for almost two years. When Okimoto was ready to retire from the center, Kathleen “Pudding” Lassiter was asked to apply for the position. By 1999, it was time for some refurbishing. The center needed new paint, inside and out. The asphalt floor was cracked. The storage room was full of unused items, and the office was cramped. Lassiter was given $6,000 for paint. “The whole community pulled together,” she says. George Iranon at Kulani Prison brought 30 inmates to the center, where they worked for three weeks. They cleaned the storeroom and made it into an office, and turned the small office into a gallery. “I had no money to feed them,” Lassiter says. “I went to all "Storm" by John Strohbehn was in the Abstract Only Exhibit and won the People's Choice Award. | November-December 2017

Since 1967, the Wailoa Center has graced Pi‘opi‘o, an ‘ili kūpono (chiefly holding place) in the Waiākea ‘ahupua‘a (district) of Hilo. The center was part of an effort to create a green zone and recreation area after Hilo’s Japanese settlement Shinmachi, “New Town,” was destroyed by the 1960 tsunami. Shortly after, in 1962, the State of Hawai‘i turned this area into a 132 acre green zone, forming the Wailoa River State Recreation Area along Hilo’s bay front. Wailoa Center was created, in addition to a tsunami memorial, veteran’s memorial, and statue of Pai‘ea Kamehameha. Shinmachi Tsunami Memorial, a wave-shaped lava amphitheater with a ceramic mosaic, is the setting for the entry courtyard, and honors the people of Hawai‘i Island who were lost to both the 1946 and 1960 tsunamis. The Wailoa Center, was designed by Oda & McCarty Architects and completed in April, 1967. Now a half-century old, it retains the classic 1960s architecture. Then-governor John Burns shepherded the center’s construction as a mahalo (thank you) to Hilo for supporting him, and placed Tadao Okimoto as its first director. The first exhibit was of sterling


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the okazuya and each one donated bentos… Safeway and KTA donated watermelons… Pepsi donated sodas… So, they could eat and they had all the soda they wanted for the three weeks.” After their release, several came back to work at the center as volunteers. Lassiter recruited volunteers from all walks of life, including seniors from the county Retired and Senior "Beautifully Broken" in stone and wood by John Volunteer Program. Her Strohbehn was awarded the Acquisitions Recognition oldest volunteer was Award. Caroline Johnson, who began at the center in her 90s. When she was 105, she told Lassiter she would need to retire, as she could no longer hear the phone. The loving maintenance provided by a variety of entities has kept the building in excellent shape for its age. Throughout the years, local businesses and individuals have lent their time, talent, and other resources to mālama, to care for, the center. Codie King, the current Wailoa Center director, says, “Without our supportive community, without our volunteers, without individuals who find the value in culture and art, Wailoa Center would not still be here 50 years later. I feel the momentum growing for Wailoa Center to continue well into the future by celebrating our community’s shared diversity, ideas and perspectives. We will grow, side by side, with our many cultures, with our varied beliefs in our delicate environment, hopefully to perpetuate a meaningful, positive lifestyle we can share with the world.” The most recent refurbishment includes a series of murals, by Hawai‘i Island artist and educator Emily Leucht, which enwrap the building. Each of the mural panels references a different place-based story of Pi‘opi‘o. Lokelani Brandt, whose master’s thesis is an ethno-historical study of Pi‘opi‘o, uncovered a list of place names recorded in 1925 by Mrs. Ka‘ouli Ka‘ai and documented by Theodore Kelsey. It is these place names that are inspiration for the imagery within the mural. Brandt says, “Recalling the old stories is one part of maintaining a connection to our past. The history and heritage of a place are realized when we retell and internalize its stories. As we move forward and are required to make decisions about how we will utilize a place, knowing the cultural history allows us to make informed decisions that are founded on the generational layering of knowledge and wisdom that are place specific.” Leucht says, “I hope that the representation of these names in this visual and public manner will encourage our community to question the history of Hilo that they already know, and then to look deeper. I hope to honor those that have come before, and that this peek into the past will give us a path towards the revitalization of Pi‘opi‘o, a central part of Waiākea and Hilo.” Included in that revitalization of Pi‘opi‘o is an ethnobotanical garden. In traditional Hawaiian thought, plants have a

teaching art, and hosting exhibits throughout the year makes a busy calendar, which is quite a change from the early days of the center when a kimono show once ran for two years. Over the years, exhibits have changed from primarily cultural shows to various art shows and exhibits. Annual Exhibits The most widely attended exhibit is the Big Island Woodturners in March. Next year they will be celebrating their 20th Annual Exhibit. Some Hawai‘i Island visitors plan their yearly vacation around this exhibit so they can attend it.

Annual Contemporary Craft Exhibit. genealogy that connects them to humans. Urbanization and agriculture have removed many native plants from the daily lives of people, severing this connection. The Pi‘opi‘o Ethnobotanical Garden, proposed in March of this year, seeks to honor and renew the connection, and to revitalize the area by providing an interactive garden that features food crops as well as plants for making medicine, lei, dye, and cordage. The garden is planned to be a community resource of plants high in ethnobotanical importance. As a centrally located space that curates these vital species, the garden will provide a place where the public can interact with these plants, form stronger relationships with them, and practice cultural traditions, all of which will ensure that these “plant people” have a seat at our table for generations to come. Supporting an ethnobotanical garden, providing space for

2017 Big Island Woodturners Exhibit Every April, the guests are delighted to see MAMo—the Maoli Art Month Show. Features Native Hawaiian Artists on the Big Island in conjunction with the Merrie Monarch Festival. Another very popular show is the Abstract Only show in August, which has been a staple for 14 years. The State Foundation on Culture and Arts regularly schedules a review of

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the exhibit for possible Acquisition Awards. For two years now, the center has featured a show called Contemporary Crafts which showcases local talent of craftsmen using the media of glass, ceramics, wood, metal fiber and mixed media. In October, Wailoa Center welcomes the Big Island Ukulele Guild Annual Exhibit in conjunction with the Big Island Woodworkers Invitational. Two invited artists are chosen each year to enhance the exhibits using two-dimensional artwork for the walls and three-dimensional artwork, usually a ceramic or glass, to accent the wood. During the current season, Wailoa Center is featuring a Hawai‘i Nei exhibit, celebrating Hawai‘i’s native species. This year it runs from November 3 to December 13. Hawai‘i Island Art Alliance, a local nonprofit group, has

emerged in the last few years to become a main support of Wailoa Center and art in our island-wide community. They sponsor and support four juried exhibits a year at Wailoa Center. Many of the other exhibits have ties with various community groups, other art organizations, and the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo. The Wailoa Center is part of the Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of State Parks, and is open to the public Monday through Friday from 8:30am to 4:30pm free of charge. n All photos courtesy of Wailoa Center For more information about the Wailoa Center: | November-December 2017

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Hands On History:

Relive the Life of Kona s Coffee Pioneers By Fern Gavelek

Step back in time to the 1920s–40s and relive the simple, yet arduous, life of Kona’s Japanese immigrant farmers during Hands On History at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. It was a time when Kona farmers used donkeys to transport sun-dried coffee beans, bathed in a wood-heated furoba (bathhouse), and relied on their own garden for meal staples. During the Hands On History program, the fun includes coffee roasting, medicinal herb gardening, calligraphy, Japanese pickling, lauhala weaving, mochi and tofu making, and also growing backyard groceries. While at the farm, visitors also encounter costumed living history interpreters demonstrating routine farm tasks while sharing how local ingenuity transformed both the coffee farming process and the landscape upon which it happened. Hands On History activities are authentically staged where they would have taken place on the farm. The 5.5-acre farm is equipped with a kuriba (1926 coffee processing mill), a hoshidana (coffee drying platform with a moveable roof), three themed gardens, two donkeys and their pasture, chicken coop, macadamia nut trees, and producing coffee land. The heart of the farm is the farmhouse, built and occupied by | November-December 2017

Jim Miller explains coffee processing at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. photo by Fern Gavelek

19 | November-December 2017

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the Uchida family from 1925 to 1994. Stocked with period artifacts, the modest abode displays space for formal visits, sleeping, studying, cottage industries, and exterior structures including the furoba, and a benjo (outhouse). “Hands On History provides a unique opportunity for farm visitors Joel Pearson leads the Backyard Groceries Hands On to learn and History activity at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. practice traditional photo by Fern Gavelek activities that were important to the daily lives of our Kona ancestors,” explains Gavin Miculka, Kona Historical Society (KHS) assistant program director and Kona Coffee Living History Farm museum manager. An engaging program overseen by KHS, Hands On History is supported through a grant from the Hawai‘i Tourism Authority. Activities vary in length and duration during the two-hour program period. During Backyard Groceries: Sustainability in the Kitchen Garden, presenter Joel Pearson of Hōlualoa started the 20-minute activity with a question: “What does sustainability mean?” After a brief discussion emphasizing how the immigrants practiced self-sufficiency by using donkey dung to compost into fertilizer and growing plants for seeds, Joel chides, “You couldn’t hop in the car and drive over to Lowe’s for all your garden supplies.” He also explains how the farm’s Miki Izu roasts coffee at the Kona Coffee Living chickens naturally stirred History Farm. photo by Fern Gavelek up the donkey dung, aerating it so it could readily decompose. “It’s ready when it doesn’t smell anymore,” he smiles, while producing a bucket full of the natural fertilizer for all to touch and sniff. At the farm’s Market Garden, Joel shares typical 1920s garden tools and planting methods used on the farm. Pearson explained how comfrey is grown right outside the garden to keep the chickens happy so they stay out of the veggies. “It has medicinal value too as it can be used as an astringent and also is a chop-and-drop veggie to nourish the soil.” The Market Garden is planted with food Japanese

farmers sold off the back of their trucks. The truck crops included carrots, Swiss chard, mizuna (Japanese mustard), bok choy, white pineapple, green onions, and garlic chives. Participants are invited to go into the garden to sprinkle thirsty plants with a metal watering can and pick any harvest-ready veggies to be stowed in a woven basket. Attendees also visit other farm plantings. The nearby Medicinal Garden contains tobacco, turmeric, culinary ginger, mamaki, non-flowering dandelion, and Japanese mugwort (yomogi). Along with the comfrey, these plants are used during the Hands on History activity called Home Grown Remedies: Kona’s Tradition of Medicinal Gardening.

Gavin Miculka and Charlie at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. photo courtesy of Kona Historical Society | November-December 2017

The House Garden, depicting the actual types of vegetables grown for family use, is full of lettuce, daikon, eggplant, turnips, cabbage, bok choy, purple long beans, peanuts, Swiss chard, Japanese taro, zuiki, and a favorite Japanese herb, shiso. Bounty from the House and Market Gardens is featured during Hands on History’s Balanced Bento: Pickles as a mainstay of the Japanese table. “We try to truthfully represent life in the gardens from 1920–1945,” notes Joel, who has been involved with their planting for two years. “We try to do everything the way the Uchidas did, using the same resources they had.” The farm and its activities are representative of the Japanese immigrant family farming experience. It was first homesteaded by Japanese in 1900. In 1913, the Uchidas took over the land’s coffee lease, which was owned by the Greenwell family. The Uchidas later built the farmhouse and worked on the farm with their five children. They lived on and leased the farm for 81 years before returning it to the late rancher and then KHS Board President Sherwood Greenwell. Later, KHS acquired the farm from Mr. Greenwell and the Living History Farm opened in 1999. Pauline Nishida-Miller is one of the farmhouse interpreters and leads the bento pickling activity. She grew up on a Hōnaunau farm with a similar farmhouse and coffee processing equipment as the Uchidas. While Pauline was born shortly after 1945, she says the living history activities are familiar and she is content in the museum’s surroundings and artifacts. “I feel so wonderful about letting people know how life was back then,” Pauline shares. “That’s because the methods they used; there was no waste. There was lots of recycling and I think they did considerable planning regarding how to be self-


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sufficient. When I’m here, I’m practicing these methods and I love it.” During the Hands On History pickling activity, Pauline says the Japanese farmers relied on simple techniques using salt and vinegar to preserve food for later enjoyment as there was no refrigeration. Food like cabbage, carrots, daikon, and eggplant “was salted and placed in a bowl with a weight on top, or the salt was massaged into the veggies to get the liquid out.” Then the brined veggies were rinsed, squeezed to remove liquid and put in a dish for eating, or stored in a covered crock for later use. “When eaten, the pickled veggies were often flavored with a mixture of sugar and vinegar or soy sauce,” continues Pauline. “The goal was to get the liquid out so the harvested veggies lasted longer—about a week.” During the pickling activity, Pauline demonstrates the process right in the farmhouse kitchen, where a large window provides light and rice may be cooking on the open hearth, enveloping the room in a rich, woodsy fragrance. When not leading the Hands on History activity, Pauline expertly guides visitors through the farmhouse, explaining the contents of rooms.

Pauline Nishida-Miller at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. photo by Fern Gavelek

Retired carpenter and part-time coffee farmer Miki Izu of Hōnaunau shows visitors how to roast coffee in an open frying pan during Beans in the Skillet: Coffee Roasting at Home. The Hōnaunau resident has been leading the Hands On History activity for three years, but says he’s been involved with the museum since its inception.

Wilderness Adventures teens celebrate the completion of chores as part of the Backyard Groceries Hands On History activity at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm.

photo by Fern Gavelek

“I grew up in a house just like that one” Miki says, pointing at the Uchida Farmhouse. Adeptly stirring the green coffee beans in the skillet, he details it takes about 15 minutes to achieve a lighter roast, which he prefers to better taste the flavors of coffee. The coffee Miki roasts is grown and milled right on the farm, which produces 15,000 to 18,000 pounds of coffee cherries annually. Farm visitors can visit the pulping mill and drying platform where a costumed interpreter, like Jim Miller, explains the processing of coffee. Visitors can purchase and sample coffee at the on-site visitor station and store, which overlooks the pasture housing the farm’s donkeys, Mele and Charlie. Donkeys, which were nicknamed “Kona Nightingales” for their distinctive braying, provided the primary means of

photo by Fern Gavelek

transportation in the early 20th century for hauling coffee. While the farm’s goal is for visitors to step back in time to experience the daily life of Kona’s coffee pioneers, Gavin emphasizes the experience is more than that. “People coming to visit are everyday people and the Hands On History activities help inspire them to realize their own stories are just as important to the American story,” he explains. “The farm illustrates the values of hard work, the importance of living sustainably, the value of education, the desire to face challenges head-on with ingenuity and innovation, and the commitment to family and community. | November-December 2017

Typical veggies being prepared at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm.


Jim Miller moves the roof over the hoshidana at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. photo by Fern Gavelek

These were important concepts for the coffee pioneers and are still important to people today—whether a broker in New York or a farmer in Idaho.” n | November-December 2017

Kona Coffee Living History Farm Open 10am–2pm weekdays, the farm is located at 82-6199 Māmalahoa Hwy., near MM 110, in Kealakekua. Hands On History activities vary every Wednesday and Friday, lasting from 11am–1pm. Participation in Hands On History is included in the price of a farm admission of $15; $13 for kama‘aina, military, 60-plus seniors; $9 college students with ID; $5 youth 7–17 and free for younger keiki and KHS members. The current schedule for Hands On History activities is posted at and reservations are not necessary though special group tours are arranged through gavin@


Study room at the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. photo by Fern Gavelek Get Perking to Kona Coffee Festival The 47th Kona Coffee Cultural Festival is November 3–12 with activities for all ages. During the festival, the Kona Coffee Living History Farm is open daily Nov. 3–10. Visitors with a coffee festival button are admitted for $10. Find the full schedule of java-jumping fun at

In Memorium

Publisher’s note: Alfreida called me just a couple of weeks before she passed away, requesting that we publish a story about Hands On History. She didn’t realize we already had scheduled it for this issue, and of course we didn’t realize how fortuitous the timing was for her call. We’re pleased to honor Alfreida Kimura Fujita by bringing you this story on her behalf. We send a heartfelt aloha to her entire ‘ohana. – Barbara Garcia | November-December 2017

Alfreida Kimura Fujita, who passed away on July 16, 2017, was a passionate advocate for Kailua-Kona’s rich history, including the Kona Coffee Living History Farm. Alfreida grew up along the Kona Coffee Belt in Hōlualoa, where she lived surrounded by coffee farms and her family’s business, Kimura Lauhala Shop. In her youth, she became familiar with the role of coffee farmers in shaping Kona’s history. The spunky Alfreida was instrumental in bringing the Kona Coffee Living History Farm to fruition. Her firsthand knowledge made her one of the key individuals who helped Kona Historical Society (KHS) develop the farm’s buildings and programming to accurately reflect the 1925–1945 era. Her efforts helped place the farm on the State and National Registers of Historic Places and garner multiple Historic Preservation Awards from the Historic Hawai‘i Foundation. The long-time community volunteer was also instrumental in the development of the exhibit, The Kona Coffee Story: Along the Hawaii Belt Road, when it was first curated. It is now on display in the H.N. Greenwell Store Museum with additional artifacts and photos from Kona Historical Society’s collections.  Kona Historical Society Executive Director Joy Holland says Alfreida was someone who “made things happen,” and she, just by sheer force of will “improved everything she touched.” “Alfreida not only managed to gather groups of friends and her club members together to work on Kona Coffee Living History Farm festivals and Kona Historical Society charity events, but she also managed to give meaning to these things,” Joy remembers. “Working side by side with Alfreida, she would remind you why you loved what you were doing—she helped you laugh when something unexpected would happen, and helped you feel pride in your community when she would, at the end of a long day, simply gather everyone to hold hands and sing ‘Hawai‘i Aloha’.” KHS remembered Alfreida’s memory in August with a variety of activities culminating in a sake toast in her honor fronting the museum farmhouse and mill “that she loved so much, with the organization she worked so hard for.”


26 | November-December 2017 | November-December 2017


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A Taste of History

The Magic of Malasadas

Local Foods

By Brittany P. Anderson

malasada bakeries, with some of the best bakers being road side stands. Each malasada baker has their own family recipe that has been passed down the generations so there are variations from baker to baker. If you do not have a family recipe and want to try to make malasadas at home, here is a recipe adapted from the famous Leonard’s bakery on O‘ahu and Tex Drive-In in Honoka‘a. Malasada Recipe Ingredients 2 1/4 tsp active dry yeast 2 TBS warm water 1 tsp + 1/3 cup + 1 cup sugar, divided 3 eggs 1 tsp vanilla extract 1/2 tsp white wine vinegar 2 TBS unsalted butter, melted 1/2 cup milk 1/2 cup half & half 1/4 tsp sea salt 3 cups bread flour, sifted Canola or coconut oil, for frying and greasing Combine yeast, 1 tsp of sugar, and 2 TBS of warm water (110°F) in a bowl; let sit until foamy, about 10 minutes. Beat eggs in a bowl of a mixer with paddle attachment until fluffy. Add yeast mixture, the 1/3 cup sugar, vanilla, butter, milk, half & half, and salt. Mix on medium speed until well combined. Slowly add the flour to the mixture. Mix until dough is smooth and elastic. Well grease a bowl large enough to allow the mixture to double in size. Transfer dough to greased bowl and cover with clean dish towel. Set in warm place until doubled in size, about 2 hours. Once doubled, cut dough into 2 pieces. On a lightly floured surface, roll dough into a rope ½” thick. Using a knife cut into 3” pieces, or 4” for larger malasadas. Place on baking sheets lined with greased parchment paper at least 3” apart. Cover with dish towel and set aside until doubled in size, about 1 hour. Place 1 cup of sugar in a large bowl. Heat 2” of oil in heavybottomed pot until thermometer reads 350°F. Carefully, cut the parchment paper around the malasadas. With the spatula on top of dough, invert malasada with parchment paper. Drop malasadas in oil, parchment side up, using tongs to peel off the parchment. Cook on one side, then flip once puffed and golden, about 3 minutes. Transfer to a wire rack with paper towels underneath. Toss in sugar once cooled. If preferred, stuff with pudding, custard, or jam and enjoy immediately. | November-December 2017

I can still remember the first time I tasted a malasada; fresh and warm, the sugar glistening. First, there was the crunch of the fried outside as I bit into it, then the rich soft eggy dough center. I couldn’t walk and eat at the same time. My eyes closed as I licked the granulated sugar from my lips. If you haven’t tasted the crispy, fluffy, sugary goodness of a malasada, you haven’t fully lived. Malasadas are commonly associated with Hawai‘i, but they’re actually a Portuguese doughnut. Malasadas have a slight crispness to the outside with a light and fluffy inside. Sometimes they’re stuffed, sometimes they aren’t—and the “best” malasada is a hotly contested debate subject, best not brought up in front of company. How did this delicious ball of goodness come to be a Hawai‘i tradition? According to The Food of Paradise: Exploring Hawaii’s Culinary Heritage by Rachel Lauden, the recipe for malasadas was brought to Hawai‘i by Portuguese immigrants from Madeira and the Azores when they immigrated here in the nineteenth century to work on sugar cane plantations. The predominantly Catholic Portuguese made malasadas on Shrove Tuesday, the day before Lenten fasting, much in the same way Germans have fastnachts, Poland’s paczki, or beignets of New Orleans’ Mardi Gras fame. Fried confections created a way to use up all the sugar, milk, and butter before Lenten fasting began. What sets malasadas apart from the rest of the doughnuts is the amount of eggs used. Usually, one egg to every cup of flour is used in traditional recipes. Though malasadas were reserved for Shrove Tuesday, today they are a common treat on holidays, special occasions, or as a way of showing appreciation regardless of religion or cultural background. Hawai‘i Island is arguably home to quite a few of the top


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Hale Ohia Cottages’ Hidden Charms


Volcano Cottages Celebrate 25 Anniversary By Alan D. McNarie

Nestled among a grove of sugi pine trees, a mile or two from the entrance to Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park, is a unique lodging experience—or rather, twelve experiences. It all began with a large residence, a gardener’s cottage and various other rustic structures dating back to the 1920s and 1930s. “James Johnston, the manager of Ola‘a sugar plantation, bought it and built Hale Ohia”, explains Mike Tuttle, who bought the property 25 years ago. “He owned it for ten years, then sold it to Hawaiian Dredging. This was their corporate retreat for around 40 years.” Hawaiian Dredging Construction Co. is the state’s oldest and probably best-known general service building contractor. Responsible for the construction of everything from the Ala Wai Canal to much of Pearl Harbor’s facilities to Ala Moana Center, its founder, Walter Dillingham, was known as “The Baron of Hawai‘i.”

The company’s charming little rustic retreat in Volcano, however, was known to almost no one; when Mike moved there in 1992, he met people in Volcano who had never known it existed. In fact, even Volcano itself was not that well known, despite having a national park and a volcano on its doorstep. When people thought of a Hawaiian vacation, they thought ocean. “When I first started, very broke, I would drive around to the hotels and pass out brochures on Hale Ohia, and found people on the island who had never been to Volcano. People who grew up here—they’d never been in Volcano!” Mike muses. Mike first came to the islands on vacation in 1983. “I kept coming every winter, and ended up moving, first to Lanikai on O‘ahu in 1987,” he recounts. “I loved it. Somehow I connected with Hawai‘i.” Originally, he says, he was looking to settle on O‘ahu, but one day his Realtor told him, “Mike, you’ve gotta see this.” ‘This’ was a historic property in Volcano that originally had been called ‘Uluwena (Hidden Place). | November-December 2017

31 Hale Ohia’s “Victorian California Bungalow-ish” main building.

Adaptation Mike has a degree in architecture, though when he mentions that, he adds, “I’ve never practiced except for family, friends, and myself.” Hale Ohia Cottages is his masterwork, and not just architecturally; it is a total aesthetic experience, a complimentary blending of nature, architecture, history and hospitality. Mike was born in Kentucky, where he renovated several historic properties, dabbled in real estate and

H02-4’s features include heated floors, heated towel racks.

HO2-3 has a private porch looking out on the rainforest. construction, and made a detour into the food service industry, becoming a restaurant owner and a private chef, which led him to being a Food Director in a retirement community. Over the years, Mike has renovated the old retreat buildings

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and added new ones that complemented them (the newest had its blessing ceremony early this year) while learning to adapt their architecture to the rainforest. The cottages tend to be light and airy, lacking closets and cabinets, for example, because enclosed, dark spaces breed mildew in the forest’s humidity. Meanwhile, Mike has slowly built the retreat’s reputation for a quality experience. He found a ready translation for the Southern hospitality of his home state in the local concept of aloha, and trained his staff to practice it. “I’m old enough, I’m 65, and I think I’m smart enough to know that the staff does it better than I do,” he says. “I train them well.” Many resorts offer continental breakfasts during certain

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Hale Ohia 2, the Tuttle’s newest building, opened last year.

Ihilani Cottage’s bedroom.

Mike chuckles. He’s learned to take advantage of online travel agencies such as Expedia, Kayak and Orbitz, and the staff has garnered so many glowing reviews on TripAdvisor that the site has awarded Hale Ohia Cottages its Certificate of Excellence. The occasional bad review—one guest recently complained about a noisy dehumidifier, for instance—are way overbalanced by the positive ones. The Cottages Each of Hale Ohia’s twelve cottages and suites are one of a kind. Ihilani Cottage, for instance, was built in the 1920s and features leaded glass windows and skylight, a redwood bedroom shaped like half an octagon, a fireplace and a cozy reading alcove. The Camellia Suite has a sitting room graced by a four-panel oriental-style painting of cherry blossoms. Iiwi, named after a native forest bird, is a two-story former gardener’s cottage with rustic wood shake-covered outer walls. Perhaps most unique of all, the cottage known simply as #44, has a bedroom fashioned out of a remodeled 77-year-old redwood water catchment tank. Each cottage and suite has its own floor plan, furnishings and artwork; even the bathroom fixtures vary. They are a balanced mix of Victorian tradition and imagination, of modern comfort and unique aesthetics. They feature varied amenities: #44, the one built around the repurposed redwood water tank, fittingly sports a Jacuzzi; others have heated floors, an appropriate luxury in Volcano’s cool high altitude climate. Each cottage has a small library of books and some have high-speed Internet, however, none have televisions—this not a place where you go to watch TV. Some of the decor has a charming | November-December 2017

hours in the morning. Instead, at Hale Ohia, lodgers have their breakfast packed in the cottage refrigerator the night before, so they can “break their fast” at their leisure. The bread is baked fresh on site and the fruit is grown locally: papayas, apple bananas, starfruit, tree-ripened mangoes, vine-ripened local melons, and Waimea strawberries in season. The cottages have successfully competed with the big resorts and have managed to weather bad times such as the Great Recession—though “during the recession, we were down to bare bones,” Mike admits—while simultaneously adapting to rapidly changing technology in the hotel industry. “I had a website before the Hilton Waikoloa had a website,”

33 | November-December 2017 Front entrance of Hale Ohia 2.


quirkiness, like a queen bed that looks like it is wearing a grass hula skirt, or a bathroom that features not one large mirror but a dozen small oval ones. Other furnishings are genuine antiques and somehow they all work together. “The style— it’s curious. It’s not Victorian. It’s kind of Victorian California bungalow-ish. You go inside and you see all those little leaded paned windows, like late 1800s, but it was built in the 1930s.” muses Mike, who continues greeting his guests, even after 25 years. The cottages have attracted their share of celebrities—not necessarily the glitz-and-glamor crowd, but people of accomplishment. Mike Tuttle, owner of Hale Ohia. Bob Ballard, the discoverer of the Titanic’s wreck, stayed here for a month. Renowned poet W.S. Merwin has been a frequent guest. Musician Henry Kapono has come here to write. Volcano Village Over the years, Volcano itself, like Hale Ohia, has managed to change and still keep its essence. Following in the footsteps of pioneers like Hale Ohia, the village now has a host of small family-owned lodges and bed and breakfasts, all tucked away in the forest where you have to have directions to find them, with no large corporate hotels. The Village has been held up as a model of how a gateway town for a national park should be developed: by accommodating large numbers of visitors while keeping the character of a place. Sometimes, the best way to build a business is to hide in the woods. n For more information:

Cottage #44’s bedroom began its existence as a redwood water tank. | November-December 2017

All photos courtesy of Hale Ohia Cottages


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One of Hilo's Unsung Heroes: Mary Matayoshi By Denise Laitinen

A staunch supporter of education,

Mary Matayoshi has provided educational opportunities for thousands of Hawaiÿi Island residents over the years.

he had been helped by a Presbyterian minister when he first stayed at the YMCA in San Francisco,” says Mary. Living in the Midwest after dental college, Mary says her father “came to Hawai‘i around 1916 after seeing an advertisement that dentists were needed in Hawai‘i.” He set up shop in Hilo, at the corner of Kamehameha Ave. and Kalakaua St., providing dental services to mainly immigrants. Mary’s brother Paul Fujioka also went on to become a dentist, as did Paul’s son Craig, who maintains a practice today in Hilo. Mary’s mother, Kosei (Takasaka) Fujioka, who was also from Japan, converted to Christianity after marrying her father. Mary says the entire family was active in the Church of the Holy Cross for many years. “My parents were very strict Christians. We read the Bible every morning at breakfast and I was not allowed to go to bon dances with my friends.” Mary and her five brothers and sisters grew up in a Hilo that was much different than today. Living in a house her father built on Kekuanaoa St., she and her siblings attended Standard School in Hilo. Long since closed, it was the closest thing Hilo had to a private school at the time, and was primarily for Caucasian students and the children of Hilo’s professional and business leaders. Even at a young age, Mary was guided by a desire for community service and was active in the church as well as president of the local Girl Reserves, of the YWCA and the church’s Pilgrim Fellowship for Youth. Graduating high school in 1948, Mary went on to attend Grinnell College in Iowa. She started dating Herbert Matayoshi, a longtime family friend, after high school and the two became engaged her junior year of college. Mary took on extra course work to graduate early and teach for a semester in Iowa before Herbert pursued graduate studies in business and finance at Temple University and Mary worked as a typist. In 1955, the couple moved back to Hilo with their two young sons. Herbert finished his studies at UH Manoa and opened a stock brokerage, setting up office on Kamehameha Ave. The couple lived with Mary’s in-laws, the Matayoshis, in a residence adjacent to Matayoshi Hospital. The same year the Matayoshis returned to Hilo, the University of Hawai‘i opened its brand new Hilo campus on Lanikaula St. Originally called the Hilo Program when it started in 1947 as an extension of UH Manoa, classes were held in the former Hilo Boarding School on Haili St. until the new campus was built. Mary was friends with many of the top officials at the UH Manoa campus and she would eventually spend a significant portion of her career working | November-December 2017

Mary Matayoshi has created programs that have benefited generations of Hawai‘i Island residents. Her work has led to educational opportunities for thousands of people, however her name is not as well known as one would think. An educator, businesswoman, and community catalyst, Mary Matayoshi’s career is impressive. She created the program that went on to become the College of Continuing Education and Community Service (CCECS) for the University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, owned a bookstore, and was instrumental in creating teacher training programs for the Peace Corps here. All of which she accomplished while raising four children and serving as Hawai‘i Island’s longest-running first lady—her husband Herbert Matayoshi was Mayor of Hawai‘i County from 1974–1984. Mary’s father instilled her love of education and her commitment to community service at an early age, and she passed it down to her four children. Daughter Kathryn Matayoshi is the former superintendent for the Hawai‘i State Department of Education. Son Ronald recently retired as the Director of International Programs and Director of Practicum at the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa School of Social Work. Son Eric served as the chief of General Surgery for Kaiser Permanente in Hawai‘i before accepting a position at the Cleveland Clinic in Abu Dhabi in the Middle East, while their third son, Jerold, is a prominent civil litigation lawyer in Honolulu. It is easy to assume that Mary’s life is a gilded one with success at every turn. However, that success was built on a foundation of hard work and determination. Mary’s father, Bumpachi Fujioka, immigrated to the United States from Japan in 1903, arriving in San Francisco broke and unable to understand English. On his first night in America, he was helped by a Presbyterian minister at a local YMCA. The kindness shown to him by that minister left a deep impression on her father. He became a devout Christian, learned English, became a US citizen, and graduated from Indiana University and went on to receive his final dental surgery degree from the Ohio College of Dental Surgery which is now Cincinnati University. “My father had the mentality of helping others because


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at the UH Hilo campus. As the fledgling University of Hawai‘i, Hilo branch (as it was called at the time) was growing, so too was Mary’s family. She and Herbert now had four children and she was working as a teacher. Mary added entrepreneur to her list of job titles when she opened a bookstore in downtown Hilo called the Book Nook. “My sister Elizabeth talked me into opening a bookstore because at the time there were no bookstores in Hilo,” says Mary.

Herbert and Mary Matayoshi 2005. To this day, Herbert Matayoshi has the longest continuous tenure of any elected mayor in Hawaiÿi County. | November-December 2017

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One day a high school friend of hers, James Miller, who had become a university professor on the mainland, stopped by the store and asked Mary if she could help him with some Peace Corps programs. That fateful encounter led Mary to work for the Peace Corps for seven years. She developed training programs for teachers and community development agents so that the Peace Corps volunteers had experience and gained confidence in creating programs in their overseas placements. As part of her duties, Mary traveled extensively throughout Southeast Asia, meeting with top education officials in Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, and elsewhere, in order to better prepare Peace Corps teachers for work in those countries.

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Mary Matayoshi circa 1950s. | November-December 2017

“Peace Corps trainees were altruistic college graduates who wanted to serve our country overseas,” says Mary. “Already with college credentials, all they needed was to be acclimated to teaching methodologies and be accepting of other cultures,” explains Mary. She trained teachers in 10 to 12 weeks, at a time when conventional wisdom said five years was needed to train teachers. “The Peace Corps volunteers were educated and smart. They already had masters and doctorate degrees,” says Mary. “All they needed was help in teaching methodologies and experience living among other cultures.” In order to help the Peace Corps volunteers gain teaching experience, Mary was featured in a story on the front page of the Hawaii Tribune Herald offering free tutoring to area children whose parents were willing to have their kids taught by Peace Corps trainees. The program was so successful that Mary and the Peace Corps volunteers wound up establishing a summer school program for local kids. “The 18 math volunteer teachers I had were going to have the same experience once they arrived in the Philippines. They got the experience of setting up and running a school in Hilo before they traveled to the another country to do the same thing.” “I tell ya, I had more fun [doing that program.] It was a very creative situation. There was nothing set in stone, so we could all innovate and create.” As part of her Peace Corps work, Mary brought nationally-known educational leaders to Hilo as resources for her education programs. During this time, Mary’s Even at a young age, Mary was guided by a husband Herbert was desire for community service and was active approached about running in her church as well as president of the local for political office. Legendary Girl Reserves. Hilo businessman William “Doc” Hill, at the time a leading Republican senator in Hawai‘i, encouraged Herbert to join the Republican Party. Mary recalls how her husband read the materials from each political party, studied each of their platforms, and said to her, “I’m a Democrat.” Herbert successfully ran and was elected to the Hawai‘i County Board of Supervisors in 1962. He was then elected to the newly formed Hawai‘i County Council in 1968 and remained in office until he was elected Hawai‘i County’s third Mayor in 1974, a position he held for 10 years. To this day, Herbert Matayoshi has the longest continuous tenure of any elected mayor in Hawai‘i County. Mary recalls that while she helped her husband campaign, she didn’t get too involved in his political career. “I didn’t interfere with his political life; he had good people at the office.” Mary would help out from time to time as first lady, often covering events her husband could not attend. While Herbert held office, Mary continued running various education programs. Paul Miwa, who was named UH Hilo’s first chancellor in 1970, was familiar with Mary’s work long before he moved to Hawai‘i Island. He had visited Hilo to see her Peace Corps training programs first hand during his tenure with


Matayoshi family: back row, sons Ron and Jerold; front row, Mary, daughter Kathryn, Herbert, and son Eric. | November-December 2017

the New York City’s mayor’s office. When he became chancellor of UH Hilo, he asked Mary to start the Center of Continuing Education and Community Service, which later became the College of Continuing Education and Community Service (CCECS). Mary built the CCECS program from scratch, growing it to more than 28 employees within a year, all with no budget. Mary sought out and wrote grants to get funding from different sources. A family friend, Dr. Shunzo Sakamaki, who was in charge of the largest summer school program in the country shared great mainland lecturers to teach at Hiloʻs fledging continuing education program. Mary would go on to work for UH Hilo for 15 years, until 1986. By that time Herbert was no longer mayor, and the


couple moved to O‘ahu, where Mary headed thengovernor Ben Cayetano’s State Volunteer Service Office. In 2002, she went on to found the Volunteer Resource Center of Hawai‘i, instructing volunteer leaders in different communities. Having spent more than 60 years tirelessly training educators and teaching others, Mary is retired and spends her time with family, which now includes 11 grandchildren and 3 great-grandchildren, in Honolulu and Hilo. She still enjoys traveling, and recently visited her son Eric in Abu Dhabi. Generations of students have, and will continue to benefit from all the various educational training programs Mary created over the decades. Hers is a legacy of community service, volunteerism, and helping others, and we owe her a debt of gratitude. n All photos courtsey of the Matayoshi Family.

Mary traveled extensively throughout southeast Asia as part of her work developing educational programs for the Peace Corps.

Sustainable Living and Learning at Hawaiian Sanctuary

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Along the densely forested stretch of Pahoa–Kalapana Road, towering albizia reach into the sky. In their lacey shade sits the Hawaiian Sanctuary, a 44-acre haven tucked away from the busy thoroughfare. There is no large gate to pass through—its grounds are accessible near mile marker 12 distinguished by a small hand-painted sign off the road, and a winding path extending mauka (inland), deeper into the forest. The trail meanders past a patch of coffee trees intermixed with bananas and a young jackfruit tree bearing fruit. Pu‘uhonua is a place of refuge, a sanctuary of unquestioned forgiveness where a person, no matter the crime, was absolved without revenge or punishment. When a person left the pu‘uhonua they started out fresh, healed, and ready to begin again. Hawaiian Sanctuary founder Steve Lund drew inspiration from the pu‘uhonua. He developed a space for individuals to come in, learn, and go back into the community a better person. Classes at the sanctuary are dedicated to providing experiential education in permaculture, leadership, sustainability, and personal and collective growth. The Hawaiian Sanctuary, a Federal Educational 501c3 nonprofit, is part farm, part educational hub, and part eco lodge. Each portion supports the other and the community at large. For 10 years, Hawaiian Sanctuary has hosted permaculture classes, but only recently (in 2016) did they receive grant funding to offer classes free of charge. Steve and longtime edible landscape designer and educator Wade Bauer have seen attendance swell to a near consistent 60–70 residents who travel from up and down the east side of the island each Thursday to attend the 9am class. As the group assembles in the freshly cleared parking area, they smile and offer to unload a station wagon brimming with plant starts. The Thursday permaculture class at Hawaiian Sanctuary is more than a coming together to learn, it is a time to connect with others, which starts well before the class convenes. The free education series, Plant Aloha, is supported in part by the County of Hawai‘i, Research and Development, and funding pledged by former county councilmen Greggor Ilagan and Danny Paleka. Grant funding has allowed the Aloha Plant series to reach more people, which Steve and Wade hope

41 Wade Bauer and Steve Lund planting in the orchard. photo courtesy of Hawaiian Sanctuary

translates into more local food being grown on island and in turn generating income for residents. The 62-part series focuses on teaching residents how to grow their own food at home to provide a fresh organic balanced diet. Wade, as well as guest lecturers, cover propagation, cultivation, harvest, preservation, and use of Hawai‘i adapted crops. The list of guest lecturers for the course is a veritable who’s who of the Hawai‘i Island farming community—“Ginger” John Caverly, Eric “Drake” Weinert, and Jen Rasmussen are just a few of the notable names on the roster. “For some people, they have moved to Hawai‘i Island and have acreage for the first time. When they hear 90% of their food is shipped in they want to change that.” Wade remarks. Hawai‘i Island, with its abundance of open space, natural resources, and motivated residents, is the perfect backdrop for Hawaiian Sanctuary. Through the thoughtfully crafted Plant Aloha series, coordinated by Michele David, citizens form support networks, exchanging ideas. They share a similar goal—a more sustainable life. | November-December 2017

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Eric Drake Weinert teaching in the field. photo courtesy of Hawaiian Sanctuary Each class encourages sustainable farming practices in alignment with Native Hawaiian cultural protocols, permaculture, as well as Korean Natural Farming methods. It also keeps in mind the State’s Aloha+ Challenge goal to double local food production by 2030. With Hawai‘i being the most isolated island chain in the world, developing sustainable agricultural systems is crucial. The Plant Aloha class is held along the side of the lodge in the open-air meeting space. Each class begins with upcoming farm centric community events and seminars. Students take notes feverishly—a community lū‘au on a farm, fire ant talk, sustainable poultry seminar, the list expands. Wade facilitates an interactive discussion during class. Many students answer each other’s questions and share resources. Each class takes its own shape through audience participation. During class, the smell of roasting cacao floats through the air as a flock of guinea hens scuttle by, just past the last row of students. Afterwards, Wade’s lecture participants migrate to the handson portion of the series. The orchards and vegetable gardens at the Hawaiian Sanctuary are planted through experiential learning. Putting into practice the skills learned through the lecture, students enhance their education. Hawaiian Sanctuary

The Elixer Bar at Hawaiian Sanctuary. photo courtesy of Hawaiian Sanctuary

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has hosted approximately 60 different educators in the past 10 years. The classes have participated in the development of an apiary, the planting of 240 cacao trees, various fruit trees, and the kitchen garden. Sustainable organic farming is part of the core beliefs of Hawaiian Sanctuary, and puts into practice what is taught. As the Plant Aloha class winds down, the kitchen interns busy themselves making lunch and cleaning. Hawaiian Sanctuary offers a unique internship program that focuses on experiential education in various positions throughout the sanctuary. Interns embrace the cooperative community by supporting the daily activities through their education, service, and passion. “A lot of people coming to us don’t know what it is to live in a community, so we give training in non-violent communication as soon as interns arrive.” Steve explains, “We have an ‘ohana circle where they air their grievances or get things out into the open.” Interns come from all over the world to learn permaculture, hospitality, yoga, and farm-to-table culinary skills throughout the year. Interns and staff gather to eat lunch, sitting family style. They talk about their day in the covered dining area off the kitchen. Nearby, a flock of chickens peck at the ground under a large ‘ulu (breadfruit) tree. “We used to have ground dwelling birds on Hawai‘i Island because there were no predators,” Steve explains, “but now there are mongoose and other predators that have decimated the ground dwelling bird population.” Steve has started his own ground dwelling bird sanctuary with a gaggle of rather large geese, chickens, a flamboyant peacock, several peahens, guinea fowl, an array of ducks, and a couple of strutting turkeys. The Hawai‘i Farmers Union United (HFUU) Puna Chapter meets at Hawaiian Sanctuary on the first Thursday of each month. With Steve Lund as President, Michele David as Secretary, and Vice-President Wade Bauer, the Puna chapter is the fastest growing HFUU chapter in the state. The main goal of the HFUU Puna chapter is to build support within the community, increase and enhance educational opportunities for local farmers and homesteaders, and promote local food hubs to better feed the people of Hawai‘i. “We can say to legislators—look, I represent all these farmers in Puna,” Steve says, “there’s more power in numbers.” Steve Lund and Hawaiian Sanctuary have become pillars in the community advocating for an area that is often times


overlooked. Steve’s first experience in Hawai‘i was at age 12 when he spent a month touring the island in a camper with his family. Back again during his 20s, he arrived just as the 1986 lava flow was claiming Kalapana, engulfing the burgeoning seaside community. The beauty he remembered from his childhood was replaced by sights of poverty and untapped potential in the land. Here he saw the opportunity to give back. Steve had been financially successful working in real estate in California but wanted to do more with his life. “I wanted to develop education that helped with agricultural wealth in the area.” At that time, Steve had no formal | November-December 2017

Hawaiian Sanctuary main lodge and meeting area. photo courtesy of Hawaiian Sanctuary


agricultural education. He began inviting educators to the 44-acre parcel to teach interns, along with himself, how to grow the food they needed to eat. Because of that, the Hawaiian Sanctuary permaculture class was born. Past the kitchen, a yoga session comes to an end. The long greenhouse-turned-studio is home to a range of yoga classes throughout the day and Friday nights turns into a dance hall. Every Friday night Hawaiian Sanctuary has a cacao ceremony dance party complete with guest DJs and laser show. Tucked away, eco pods dot the landscape where some interns sleep, others are rented out for a true farm-stay experience. The sound of coqui frogs lull guests to sleep as the cacao grows under starry Puna skies. Back at the lodge, chocolate is being made—cacao ground against marble stones with sugar to create a smooth syrup for Steve’s next batch of bean to bar chocolate. Guests staying at the eco lodge take in the expansive gardens or rejuvenate at the spa. Meanwhile, interns bounce about the property weeding. Plant Aloha participants exchange plant starts—and everything comes together in a serene dance that never feels rushed or forced. Classes end and students follow the meandering path back towards the highway taking with them newfound knowledge to put into practice. Whether participating in the internship program, eco lodge, or the numerous community events held at Hawaiian Sanctuary everyone is welcomed with an abundance of Aloha. n For more information about Hawaiian Sanctuary:


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Family of Service By Catherine Tarleton

Father Clarence and daughter Kareen as human stanchions to hold the lei in the untying ceremony at the 2014 POW-MIA Memorial Garden blessing at the West Hawaii Veterans Cemetery.

signed up at 17. “One of the things that made me decide to enter the military was my father,” says Kareen. “He raised us a certain way, where actions speak louder than words, because that is what leaves a lasting impact in the minds of others... It’s what he did that I witnessed that made a difference for me.” Clarence's story Clarence grew up in a hardworking ranching and farming family. When he was only 14, his father, a wood carver, was injured while working with the restoration of tiki at Pu‘uhonua O Hōnaunau. As the oldest son, Clarence had to take charge, working the land, going to school, and helping with his siblings. The home was off-grid, so to watch television, he had to start up the gas generator. One show that made an impact was “The Boys of Charlie Company.” Watching it, he decided to go where history was being made, and volunteered for the Army right out of high school. “When I first joined, they asked me to put down three | November-December 2017

For the Medeiros ‘ohana of “First Lava Flow” (Honokua) in South Kona, service is a way of life. Both Clarence Medeiros and daughter Kareen did military service in the U.S. Army, yet their legacy of helping others goes far beyond the uniform. In addition to running the family farm and ranch, they always find time to give back—counseling a new recruit on a military career, helping someone find their ancestral roots, or honoring veterans on holidays and public occasions. “Although I don’t reside in Hawai‘i near my family anymore, every year we pick a theme for the Independence Day Parade in Kona to honor those who served during the Vietnam War era,” says Kareen. “We participate every year, to make sure they are not forgotten.” “This year’s theme was ‘Dustoff,’ the official call sign of helicopter aeromedical evacuations,” Kareen continues. “Before that was ‘Boots on the Ground’… I sent 20 boxes of boots to commemorate the service members from West Hawai‘i that were killed in action.” Kareen joined the Army at the age of 38—unlike Dad who


locations where I’d like to be stationed. All of them were Vietnam,” says Clarence, who ended up at Ft. Belvoir, Virginia after Basic Combat Training (BCT). He went to the Pentagon to try and change his orders, and when that was unsuccessful,

re he left for one week befo d rie ar m e er ort. They w llie at Kona Airp Clarence and Ne Vietnam. | November-December 2017

he went to see Senators Daniel Inouye and Sparky Matsunaga. That is where he learned a soldier had to be 18 to go to Vietnam. “They told me, ‘When you get to your station, fill out the form to request a transfer when you make 18.’ I did it three times, and the third time finally got ‘em.” Stationed in Germany at that time, he requested a stopover in Hawai‘i, to marry Nellie, his high school sweetheart, just a week before going to war. During his yearlong tour, he was injured by a rocket-propelled grenade, and transported out by a Dustoff Medevac. Not long after, Clarence discovered a new interest that would become his passion. “When I first got out of the military, I


Boots On The Ground was a theme for the family's tribute to Vietnam Veterans from West Hawaiÿi.

bought eight acres of land from my uncle,” he says. “When the land went through a quiet title action, I saw all those names, and I asked my father, ‘Who are all these people?’ I needed to know.” In the intense research that followed, Clarence learned that the family had “collateral-lineal” ties to the monarchy. “Kalākaua did not have kids, so he is my great-great-greatgranduncle,” Clarence says. He continued to research, and soon had a house full of charts, papers, and boxes full of records. He volunteered at the Mormon Church in order to learn more. “I was good at it. When somebody needed help, I could tell them, ‘You can go to this drawer, this book, this film.’” He stayed on for more than 20 years, helping countless people connect with family ties around the world.

Kareen and brother Jacob, with mother Nellie, were both active in Judo.

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Kareen’s story Kareen and her brother Jacob, like Clarence, grew up with the powerful work ethic of ranch and farm life. “In the beginning, my job was to take care of my brother and cook the meals,” says Kareen. “Once my brother and I were able to help out, we became a four-man team. We would get up really early and Mom and I would make breakfast, pack lunches. Then we’d head out, do what we needed to do for the day... I can see now how blessed we were to have responsibilities, to be self-sufficient. I think the younger generation struggles a little bit with that.” Kareen graduated from Konawaena High School in 1990, as a young single mom. Kareen says that the pregnancy made her grow up fast. “I thought, ‘I need to have a plan and I need to have one quick.’” Bravely, she finished high school, and continued college part time while working and taking parenting classes to be the best mom she could for her son, Lincoln. In 1995, Kareen’s daughter Yvette “Ku‘ulei” was born. Sadly, at age four, she was diagnosed with a terminal illness that took her life about a year later. Before she died, Ku‘ulei got her picture in the newspaper, when the Medeiros ‘ohana was named 1999 Big Island Family of the Year, by Child & Family Service. From that tragedy, Kareen found a new strength.


2017 entry in the 4th of July Parade in Kona, honoring the Dustoff medevac units. “I made it my life’s mission not to take anything for granted,” Kareen says of that difficult time. “Every person I encounter and everything is a learning experience for me. If I can do something to better myself, do something to help somebody else, make them a little happier, I want to do it. Otherwise I’d be walking through life with no purpose.” “I started to see things differently, and chose to put myself out there, push myself, and see what I was capable of,” she says. One day, in 2010, Kareen decided to march to a very | November-December 2017



different drum. Without telling anyone, she drove to the Army recruiter’s office and asked to take the placement test on the spot. Within a week she was sworn in, in Honolulu. After the ceremony, she called her parents, who were visiting Senator Daniel Akaka in Washington DC at the time. Clarence was shocked, but supportive. “I thought the Air Force would have been less physically and mentally challenging for her in terms of training. And having served in a combat zone, I did not want my daughter to serve in combat

either,” he says. “But once she made up her mind, she was determined.” Kareen celebrated her 39th birthday during BCT and was the oldest person in the company of 240 cadets, mostly under 20, who nicknamed her “Grandma Wrinkles.” Regardless, she was ranked third highest overall and top female in the physical fitness program. After BCT and further training, she received orders for South Korea. Once there, she found something unusual in her living quarters. “Somebody had left a large binder called ‘Continuity Book,’” says Kareen. “I read the entire contents in the binder, and thought, ‘Let me go and ask my chain of command who it belongs to.’” The binder, it turned out, was a handbook for a special program called Better Opportunities for Single Soldiers (BOSS), which assists soldiers with morale and welfare throughout their tour of duty overseas, helping them be more physically and mentally resilient. Trying to track down the book’s owner, Kareen went to see the Battalion Command Sergeant Major. He told her about the BOSS program, asked if she read the book, and if she was interested in the material. Not long after, Kareen found herself attached to the garrison with a responsibility under BOSS for 20,000 soldiers, a position normally filled by an E-7 (Senior Non-Commissioned Officer). She loved the work, in spite of many challenges and lack of sleep. “There are a lot of every day issues in the Army that don’t deal with being deployed to a combat zone—primarily suicides and substance abuse.” says Kareen. The BOSS program worked to mentor the soldiers, to help with emotional and physical

wellbeing. “We try to help mentor them to be the people they need to be. To wear that uniform with respect,” Kareen says. The Family Today At present, Kareen and husband Kimo, an active duty Army soldier, are stationed at Joint Base Lewis-McChord in Washington State. Since she left the military in 2013, Kareen has finished her Master’s degree, and wants to work for the Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Management, assisting with large-scale crises and natural disasters. As an Army career counselor, Kareen guides newcomers as well as those nearing retirement. “My mission is to help soldiers and their families improve their lives through academics, and develop a plan that will benefit them long

Clarence with an exhibit showing his family genealogy. | November-December 2017


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term. That way, it gives them options with their career of interest, and more opportunities for advancement,” says Kareen. “It is very, very fulfilling to pursue this mission every single day.” Back home, Clarence and Nellie continue to serve their community in numerous ways—preserving historic trails, advocating for Native Hawaiian rights, battling Rapid ‘Ōhi‘a Death, and helping families trace their genealogy. Their quest

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Kareen during her combat training at Ft. Jackson, South Carolina in 2010.

The Medeiros 'ohana, Thanksgiving 2013.

Clarence volunteered for the Army at age 17 and served in Vietnam. for answers has taken them around the world—to Portugal, China and all over the US. “Every year when we go (to the mainland) I try to track down family members—California, Texas, Chicago and across the country. We don’t waste time gambling in Vegas,” Clarence says with a laugh. “It’s very rewarding. Six years ago, we went to San Diego. I went to the county office, and other sources, and did the same thing I do here—I finally ended up meeting two cousins.”

Kareen receiving the Exemplary Service Award.

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Boots On The Ground tribute to West Hawaiâ&#x20AC;&#x2DC;i Veterans | November-December 2017

Clarence, Kareen and Kimo at Ft. Lewis Vietnam War exhibit.


This year, Clarence and Nellie will travel to Vietnam, the place that separated them 47 years ago, and for Nellie to actually see the places that she only read about in the letters from Clarence. Whether or not they find a new family member remains to be seen. Regardless, the ever-expanding Medeiros â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;ohana may be separated by miles and oceans, but they are inseverably united in their commitment to service, and deeply rooted in love and respect. n All photos courtesy of the Medeiros Family.

Clarence in the Kona Independence Day Parade.

“Käkou is the value of inclusiveness. All of us. We are in this together. Learn to speak the Language of We” Tenth in Series Two on Managing with Aloha

Let's Talk Story with Kakou Invitation By Rosa Say


personable: Discard text and email in favor of face to face communication as much as possible, so you make yourself immediately accessible to people. Put yourself in a better position to field their questions and suggestions. 3. Talk story more: I don’t have to tell you what that means! Use phrases like, “Hey, get in on this with us; tell us what you think,” or “You seem to have strong feelings about it, tell me what I’m missing here,” or “Do you have a past experience with this? Tell me your story; I’d really like to know more.” The hallmark of talking story is that it’s pleasant—keep it that way. One of the best ways Alaka‘i Managers improve themselves, is by becoming more approachable. Kākou helps you do this in two ways which enhance communication: Inclusiveness in your Aloha intentions will drive you to welcome people into your circle of influence by default—you seek to involve others more until it becomes a regular habit for you. Once they’re with you, you listen better, so you can make the true connection that binds you in that feeling of “We’re in this together now!” Don’t be surprised if others increasingly open up to you once Kākou’s invitational style becomes more natural to you. That’s a good thing; it means they believe you are sincere, and that you are interested in them. People receive sincerity as the honesty so essential in trust-building. Subtle changes and shifts in how you decide to better communicate will be much more visible than you initially realize—people will notice! With Kākou to guide you, your efforts to create a Language of We in your workplace culture will be received by others appreciatively, and as an invitation of inclusiveness—and that, will absolutely, positively be the best holiday gift you can give them. Indeed, talking story is a Kākou kind of thing, and we in Hawai‘i are very good at it! Allow Kākou to infuse your voice with the invitation of inclusiveness. Value the differences people embody as the unique talents and strengths, which make them so interesting. Ask for help in grace, and you need never fear you expose any weakness. When we weave Kākou into our language we bring ‘Imi ola life and Ho‘ohana workplace reality to the words we speak. We co-create our team’s Language of We, and we speak with Aloha.

Next issue: We revisit Kuleana, the value of responsibility. For more information: | November-December 2017

Ask anyone how they see your management style or your leadership persona, and you can bet the manner in which you communicate with them will come to mind first and foremost. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if they simultaneously thought of the Language of We you share and converse with as well? Kākou is the value of effective yet enjoyable Aloha communication. Kākou will seek the decisions and actions created by inclusiveness in ‘Ohana-powered synergies somewhat organically. iiiLast issue, we spoke of Lōkahi as the value of unity and harmony; Kākou gives Lōkahi our human voice. Meaning “all of us” and implying that “we are in this together,” Kākou is very Managing With Aloha workshop at Mokuleia, Oÿahu. photo courtesy of Rosa Say unifying when applied to our language. Kākou intention is pure gold in business. It becomes real when all involved are taught to learn, speak, and practice the Language of We as one of your business’s value propositions, with exceptional communication practices your deliverable. Kākou delivers a sense of belonging to everyone in an ‘Ohana in Business; it is the inclusive, invitational style engaging managers seek to adopt, as they seek Kūlia i ka nu‘u, greater achievement, serve others with Ho‘okipa, hospitality, and manage others with Aloha. Here is a self-coaching suggestion for you. In these winter holiday months of November and December, plan to; 1. Work on HOW you communicate: Look closely at how you speak and speak out, converse and collaborate, state your opinions and seek to make agreements. Explore when you choose to talk story one on one, and when you choose meetings, huddles, and other group forums. Be clear on why you make those choices. 2. Take notice of WHO you primarily communicate with, and who you may have been giving fewer of your conversational attentions to. Relationship-building is

Managing with aloha


The Hawaiian Cultural Center By Mālielani Larish | November-December 2017

On a balmy Thursday afternoon, the sounds of Hawaiian oli (chant) break the calm of downtown Honoka‘a. A student from Lanakila Mangauil’s Papa Oli class stands in the doorway of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua, embodying the oli with such power that listeners are absorbed in the experience. Punctuated by quick lilts of the voice called he‘u (deep throated), the poetry issuing from deep within his na‘au (gut) resonates beyond the walls of the room. Just as oli cover a rich library of topics, the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua offers an amazing array of opportunities for the community to deepen their connection to Hawaiian culture and each other. Just as walls cannot contain the power of oli, the impacts of the center extend far beyond the town of Honoka‘a. Sparked by Lanakila’s passion for Hawaiian culture and his commitment to enriching the town of his birthplace, the Honoka‘a community rallied to help him create the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua, which will celebrate its two-year


anniversary this winter. Comprised of two side-by-side halls in the historic Botelho Building, the center offers ongoing community classes, special workshops and summer programs, presentations for school and tour groups, community events,

of Hämäkua cultural exchange programs, and a mini-museum. Lanakila is the dynamic force behind the center; he welcomes visitors and locals alike to the center with fresh energy and a smile. An enthusiastic leader with a penchant for

innovation, he has taught Hawaiian language and culture in the community for over a decade. Nedi McKnight and her husband have taken classes and workshops at the center since its inception in 2015. “It’s just added so much to our lives…It’s so cool to see people we know blossoming there,” she says. The youngest of six, Lanakila grew up playing in the forests of Āhualoa. Born to a Scottish/Irish mother and Filipino/ Hawaiian father, Lanakila describes himself as a “product of the Hawaiian Renaissance movement.” Pivotal to his upbringing were the summers he spent at Kukulukumuhana, a Hawaiian immersion camp held out of the home of Uncle Kia Fronda in Waipi‘o Valley. During these summers, he met influential teachers like “Aunty Ku” and

photo courtesy of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hämäkua | November-December 2017

Waipiÿo Valley summer camp.


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“Uncle Nalei” Kahakalau, who would go on to launch the Hawaiian charter school movement. Starting in ninth grade, Lanakila enrolled in Kanu O Ka ‘Āina in Waimea, the first Hawaiian charter school to open in the state. This foundational experience enabled Lanakila to grow strong in his understanding of Hawaiian language, culture, and traditions. He also met Aunty Pua Case at this time and became a haumana (student) of her hula hālau (hula school) in Waimea. “Being able to be in a Hawaiian culture-based education, it just opened my eyes to so many other different things,” Lanakila says. After graduating from high school, Lanakila enrolled in college. “It didn’t work for me,” he says. “It was like going back in a box and I didn’t work in a box.” At 19, Lanakila was hired as the Hawaiian Studies teacher for grades K–6 in Honoka‘a. After five years, his teaching responsibilities expanded to include middle and high school students, and he elected to teach Hawaiian language and philosophy courses for adults at the North Hawai‘i Education and Research Center (NHERC). | November-December 2017

808-775-1422 45-3625A Mamane St., Honokaa

Dedication of the Kuahu A Kane Altar. photo courtesy of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hämäkua


Making lei at the center. photo courtesy of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hämäkua | November-December 2017

“The whole essence for me was to ground myself in my Ho‘omāhele (artisan’s salon), shared the legend of goddess hometown, my birthplace, and then everything that helped Lā‘ieikawai with the audience, and encouraged the artists to to enrich me, to try to give that to enrich my community,” create works of art to accompany a dramatic interpretation of Lanakila says. the legend. In Lanakila’s eyes, Honoka‘a needs nurturing; this rural town In the spirit of promoting health for the community, the with a population of 2,258 has the highest rate for domestic center also hosts weekly Yoga, Zumba, and Qi Gong classes, violence, teen pregnancy, and meth use per capita. and a regular workshop on financial management. Encouraged by his students and determined to create something that would stay in Honoka‘a to serve the community, Lanakila created a Facebook post. It read: “If anyone is interested in starting a Hawaiian Cultural Center, let’s meet up!” The resounding answer from community members? “Let’s do it!” Through a Kickstarter campaign and the help of some generous last-minute donors, the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua hit its funding goal of $20,000. In November of 2015, the center officially held its first hula and language classes in a small space affectionately known as “the closet.” Not long after, Lanakila received a call from a friend who offered him a much larger place to rent. Lanakila excitedly said yes, and moved into the space that the center currently occupies in December of 2016. On the eve of the center’s one year anniversary, the adjoining hall opened up and the center doubled in size. First and foremost, the center offers regular Community Hula, Hawaiian Language, and Papa Oli Volunteers help to clear Läläkea Fishpond. photo courtesy of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hämäkua (chanting) classes. Dancers in the Community Hula classes create theatrical presentations that incorporate mele The center engages youth through after-school programs, (song), hana no‘eau (art), mo‘olelo (story), and hula and are home school programs, and summer intensives. This past intended for those who cannot commit to a hālau. In addition, summer, forty kids attending the Hana Ku‘una Hawaiian art Kumu Hula Punahele Andrade teaches his keiki wahine hula camp transformed the center into a whirlwind of activity. After classes at the center. a week of stripping bark, concocting dyes, drilling kukui, and Lanakila strives to attract many different cultural practitioners making feather leis, each student graduated with a set of to the center. Jani Fisher hosts a monthly kapa making, dying, Hawaiian arts and crafts. and cultivating workshop and Shaftton Kuakahi Kaupu recently The center hosted two Hawaiian cultural immersion summer taught an eight-week Hawaiian language course at the center. camps in Waipi‘o, complete with all the activities that inspired People come from as far as O‘ahu to attend the workshops. Lanakila in his boyhood years: fishing, prawning, working the Lanakila recently invited artists to the center for a Pāheona lo‘i (taro patches), learning chants and songs, and hiking to visit significant landmarks in the valley. “It was awesome,” Lanakila says. The Lono staff at the Waipiÿo Valley lookout during the Aha Pule ‘Äina Holo run. Lanakila’s students are grateful for his teachings. Kayla photo courtesy of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hämäkua Sinotte, a garden teacher at Kohala Elementary School, attended a course on Hawaiian agriculture that Lanakila taught in 2014. “It was the best professional development that I could have done as a garden teacher in Hawai‘i,” she says, and recommends it to others.

Reaching Beyond Honoka’a Visitors who descend down into Waipi‘o Valley and turn towards the beach are met by a gem on the left-hand side of the road: Lālākea Fishpond. For 2000 years, the 15-acre fishpond provided the valley with a reliable supply of saltwater fish. After the devastating 1946 tsunami, the damaged pond developed a thick mantle of jungle that hid it from the public’s eye. Partnering with Kenrock Higa, the landowner and descendant of the original caretakers of this ancient pond, Lanakila helped organize the rebirth and restoration of Lālākea. In April of 2017, the effort kicked off with 200 volunteers 57 jumping into the mud to remove the overgrowth.

58 | November-December 2017

Prior to this restoration work-party, Lanakila and the community built and consecrated the Kuahu a Kane altar and conducted a rebirthing ceremony for the fishpond. Full restoration of Lālākea will reveal its three sections: a spring-fed pond, a kalo (taro) section fed by the Wailoa River, and a loko pu‘uone section that ebbs and flows with the ocean tide. This November will mark the four-year anniversary of the Aha Pule ‘Āina Holo, a ceremonial prayer in the form of an island-encircling relay run, to coincide with the opening of the Makahiki season. The chiefs and kāhuna (priests) of ancient Hawai‘i walked around the island in a clockwise direction before the start of the Makahiki season, a time of games, feasting, and spiritual renewal, in order to cleanse the land and perform other duties. Today, teams of runners complete specific legs of the relay, passing off the Lono staff from one team to another at pre-determined meeting points. The stretch of relay from Miloli‘i to Napo‘opo‘o is completed with canoes. Lanakila was inspired to initiate this run after working with the Pit River Nation of Northern California, who use long-distance running to unite the community and spread the message of the sacredness of all life. Some of Lanakila’s Japanese students were so enthused by the idea that they organized and hosted a four-day ceremonial run around Mt. Fuji this past March, an event that Hawai‘i delegates attended. In the future, Lanakila hopes to keep the center’s exhibit hall more actively open and to attract more groups to the center. Several school groups have already visited the center, and Lanakila enjoys leading them through the exhibits, sharing cultural information and tips about Waipi‘o Valley, and

Prawning in Waipi’o Valley. photo courtesy of the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hämäkua engaging everyone in an arts and crafts project. “It’s been fun,” Lanakila says as he weaves through the center’s exhibits. Bright kapa cloth, created by Lanakila’s sixth grade students, hang from the vaulted ceiling. You can hear the powerful chanting of two young hula students coming from Kumu Hula Punahele Andrade’s keiki wahine hula class next door. The gifts of Lanakila’s vision fill the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua, a hub for the perpetuation of Hawaiian culture and community wellbeing. n For more information about the Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua: and

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Puka‘ana Church: Steeped in History and Spirit | November-December 2017

By Denise Laitinen

Like a lei of vibrant Hawaiian flowers, you will find small historic churches dotting the landscape around Hawai‘i Island. Like the flowers bound together in lei, many of the churches are connected, either built by the same person or through heritage with ties going back to the earliest days of the Christian missionaries arriving on Hawai‘i Island. Such is the case with churches like Puka‘ana Congregational Church in Keālia, near Captain Cook. Founded in 1849, the original Puka‘ana Congregational Church was built of stone and coral near the coastline in South Kona by Reverend John D. Paris. A Christian missionary originally from Virginia, Rev. Paris was a prolific church builder, who personally built 11 churches across a large portion of west and south Hawai‘i Island in the mid-1800s. In addition to Puka‘ana Church, Rev. Paris built Kauahā‘ao Congregational Church in Wai‘ōhinu, Helani Congregational in Hōlualoa-Keauhou mauka (upland), Lanakila Congregational in Kaināliu, and Mauna Ziona Congregational in Kalaoa, just to name a few. The seaside chapel, often referred to as the “mother church”, thrived. By 1900, the church congregation had grown in size to warrant the building of a second church mauka of the mother church. Affectionately nicknamed the “keiki church”, the mauka Puka‘ana Church was built fronting Māmalahoa Highway in Keālia (across the street from Fujihara Store.) Both churches flourished and operated in concert together for nearly five decades. That is, until a large earthquake struck the Kona coast in 1950 and led to the destruction of the original coastal church. In fact, visitors to Ho‘okena or Keālia beaches can still see the remnants of the original mother church where three of its remaining walls still stand. Since the destruction of the coastal church, the little “keiki church” has served as Puka‘ana’s main facility for the congregation. Now 168 years old, the congregation continues to serve the Hawaiian community. On any given Sunday, you will hear hymns in Hawaiian sung from hymnbooks and church services that are bilingual in English and Hawaiian. The majority of church attendees live in close proximity to the church and many of the families have been coming to Puka‘ana Church for five, six, even seven generations.

Seven generations of parishioners “About 30–50 people regularly attend the weekly church services with more joining in for special holidays such as Christmas and Easter,” says Keoki Kiwaha, who serves as the church’s vice-moderator (a term used in place of chairman or president). “Many [members] live within a five-mile radius of the church. We have some members from Keālia, some from Ho‘okena…but we do have members who drive between 30 minutes to one hour each Sunday to get to church.” “When I was growing up in the 1990s, the pews of the keiki church were full,” says Keoki. “But adults age and youth grow up and move away, so there has been a decline. Recently, our numbers have been increasing.” Those that do 60 attend have deep rooted connections to the church. Some area families have | November-December 2017 The current Pukaÿana church is often referred to as keiki church because it was built61 more than 50 years after the original coastal church. It is nestled along Mämalahoa Hwy in Keälia. photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church

Pukaÿana Church was originally built in 1849 along the coastline and was destroyed after a large earthquake struck the Kona coast in 1950. These three walls are all that remain of the "mother church". photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church been involved with the church since its inception. “Most of our members descend from family lines in the area,” says Keoki. “My own family has been part of the church since its founding in 1849.” He adds that his great-great-grandfather John Nāihe was a deacon for the church. The first Hawaiian minister for the church was Rev. John Lahaina Keala and the church’s most recent Kahu (Reverend) Nanicetta Lincoln-Ha‘alilio, is his granddaughter, who retired in 2014. Nanicetta’s uncle, the Rev. Samuel ‘Aukai Keala was also a kahu. Several hymns in the hymnal were translated or arranged by Nanicetta’s relatives, including her mother, Bernice K. Keala-Lincoln, and her aunt, Nancy K. Keala-Iona. | November-December 2017

Hawai‘i Island’s earliest missionaries Built by Christian missionaries of Calvinist and Evangelical denominations, today Puka‘ana Church is part of the Hawai‘i Conference, United Church of Christ (HCUCC). Some of the oldest churches on island are congregational churches. This dates back to 1809 when Ka‘ū resident Henry ‘Ōpūkaha‘ia, sailed to New England and eventually converted to Christianity while attending Yale University. He was in the midst of preparing to return to Hawai‘i to serve as a Christian minister when he died of typhus. As a tribute to Henry, his friends received permission from the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions (a predecessor denomination of the UCC) to set sail and


The sanctuary decorated by the Kaiawe ÿohana for the Christmas season, featuring Christmas trees, wreaths, garlands, lights, and golden angels "flying" from the ceiling. (Photo by Glenn Kaiawe) photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church

Pukaÿana Church youth pose with the church's fall and Halloween display at a community pumpkin carving event in October, 2015. (photo by Glenn Kaiawe) photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church

bring Christianity to Hawai‘i. Henry’s friends were the first missionaries to arrive in Kona in 1820 on the boat Thaddeus. Today, you can see a replica of the ship that brought them to Hawai‘i Island at the Moku‘aikaua Church on Ali‘i Drive in Kailua-Kona. (See Ke Ola's Moku‘aikaua Church story, February/March 2009 issue) Missionaries like Reverend John D. Paris came in the decades following and were part of the American Board of Commissioners of Foreign Missions, which became known as the Hawaiian Evangelical Association (HEA) in 1853. Worldwide, the United Church of Christ (UCC) as a denomination was established in 1957, when two international church groups, the Congregational Christian Church and the

Evangelical and Reformed Church merged to form UCC. HEA joined UCC in 1959 when HEA became part of the Hawai‘i Conference UCC. Many of Hawai‘i Island’s older congregational churches have deep roots in the Hawaiian community and interact with each other, as well as being part of a statewide network. “Because we share a common heritage and because we’re part of the Hawai‘i Conference UCC, Moku‘aikaua Church is our sister church,” explains Keoki. “Our members participate in activities hosted by other churches, including Hō‘ike, which is a tradition among Kalawina churches.” (Kalawina is the Hawaiian word for Calvin and is used to describe Hawaiian congregational churches.) Organized by the West Hawai‘i Council of Hawaiian Congregational Churches, a Hō‘ike is held twice a year—in the spring and fall— at different churches. Activities include performing hula and skits, as well as the singing of hymns and worship songs. Although Puka‘ana Church may appear small in size to passersby driving around the island, the congregation is quite active on a statewide level with church leaders attending HCUCC conferences and events on other islands throughout the year. For example, Keoki is a Youth Delegate to the HCUCC and serves on the Conference Council as the co-Youth/ Young Adult At-Large member. He is also a member of the Conference-wide Justice and Witness Missional Team, and a member of the Strategic Planning Task Force. In an age where some denominations are seeing a drop in church attendance, being connected to larger organizations like HCUCC and sister churches has helped Puka‘ana Church remain dynamic and growth oriented. | November-December 2017


“The church is becoming much more active today,” says Keoki. “There is a generational shift occurring, and younger members like myself are becoming more involved and active in leadership at the congregational level, the conference level, even up to the national setting, as well as in the many different organizations to which we belong like the Association of Hawaiian Evangelical Churches and the State Council of

The mothers of Pukaÿana Church posing for a photo in preparation for the church's Mother's Day-themed Höÿike, March 2017. (Photo by Keoki Kïwaha) photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church

(Left-right) Bonnie Gilles, Sharon Matsuyama, Glenn Kaiawe, Patricia Mejia, and Keoki Kïwaha as delegates representing Pukaÿana at the 2016 ÿAha Paeÿäina in June 2016. (Photo by Hawaiÿi Conference UCC) photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church | November-December 2017

Hawaiian Congregational Churches. Our youth have been steadily growing; we average 10–15 children. The church has a Sunday school for its younger members and has organized several community events. “In the past we have had free movie nights for the entire community that were


held monthly.” Keoki adds that within the last three years Puka‘ana Church has hosted Halloween pumpkin carving events, Operation Brown Bag Blessings for Thanksgiving where they give out free lunches, a Christmas community dinner, and marched in the Kailua-Kona Christmas parade. Looking toward the future, Keoki says the church is planning on restoring its sanctuary in the near future, as the building is over 100 years old. “And we’re doing our best to raise up new leaders in the church who will receive the torch from the kūpuna (elders) and carry it into the future.” Among those new

leaders, is the search for a new kahu (priest) to oversee the congregation. “Our most recent kahu, the Rev. Nancietta Ha‘alilio, served for 26 years as kahu,” explains Keoki. “Currently, the deacons and other church leaders, including myself, preach on Sundays. We also invite guest ministers from other churches and ministers from the Hawai‘i Conference UCC office also visit us regularly, in particular, to preach, administer Holy Communion,

Youth from Pukaÿana Church at Kona International Airport waiting for their flight to Oÿahu for the annual Fall Youth Camp sponsored by the Hawaii Conference UCC. (Photo by Glenn Kaiawe) photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church

Puka'ana Church members on the steps of the sanctuary, circa 2017. (Photo by Keoki Kïwaha) photo courtesy of Pukaÿana Church and to update the membership on what is happening at the different settings of the UCC. “As far as future plans, our church simply is seeking to be a better voice and symbol of God’s love, peace, and hope in this world. As we grow, we are starting to reach out to our

community more. We’ve always been, and will continue to be, I believe for generations to come, the spiritual center and home of our community and for our families [both] long established or new.” n For more information about Puka‘ana Congregational Church, go to: You can read about Puna’s historic congregational churches in the May/June 2015 issue of Ke Ola Magazine: keolamagazine. com/spirit/punas-historic-congregational-churches/.

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Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail

Haleÿiwa Immersion Schools greet Höküleÿa at Haleÿiwa, Oÿahu. | November-December 2017

After the homecoming ceremonies at Magic Island in June, 2017, Hōkūle‘a was put into dry dock for needed maintenance and repairs. Her first sail after returning to the water was to Honolua Bay, Maui. Hōkūle‘a and her crew arrived there August 17 as the first stop of the six-month Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail and the place where the legendary voyaging canoe departed for her maiden voyage to Tahiti in 1976. The following morning, more than 500 people from the community came to Honolua Bay to welcome Hōkūle‘a and crew with a cultural ceremony. More than 20 canoes from local paddling organizations encircled Hōkūle‘a along with Maui’s voyaging canoe Mo‘okiha O Pi‘ilani to begin the welcoming ceremony. Following the welcome ceremony, the Hōkūle‘a crew walked from Honolua Bay to Pu‘u Kukui Watershed Preserve with approximately 500 members of the community to plant 5,000 native plants including koa trees, the traditional building materials of voyaging canoes which have been scarce in recent generations. From Maui, Hōkūle‘a returned to the Marine Education Training Center (METC) at Sand Island and on September 14, sailed to the next stop on the Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail: Hale‘iwa, O‘ahu. During the 10-day Hale‘iwa engagement, crew members participated with the community in events and activities that highlighted the recent Mālama Honua Worldwide Voyage as well as the work being done on O‘ahu’s North Shore 68 to care for Island Earth. Hōkūle‘a departed the Hale‘iwa Boat Harbor for Hanalei

Bay, Kaua‘i on September 23 and arrived to Kaua‘i the following morning. They were greeted with a public arrival ceremony. During the 3-day Kaua‘i engagement, crewmembers participated with the community in events and activities that highlighted the recent Mālama Honua Worldwide Voyage as well as the work being done within Kaua‘i communities to care for Island Earth. Ke Ola Magazine will continue to follow Hōkūle‘a and the Mahalo, Hawai‘i Sail. For more information and the schedule of future ports, visit: Höküleÿa crew members and more than 500 volunteers planted native plants and trees at Honolua Bay, Maui.

, Meet Hawai‘i s Dr. Doolittle, Paul Breese By Ma‘ata Tukuafu

Paul Breese and Jean DeMercer-Breese 2016.

photo courtesy of Paul Breese

old and explained to his mother and aunt how his pet alligator used its webbed feet along with its tail to swim in his bathtub. He explains how this memory has become prophetic over his lifetime, because the two basic commitments in his life have encompassed maintaining and interpreting exotic creatures. Over the course of his childhood, Paul was encouraged by his family to pursue his interest in nature. He was curious about the wildlife around him and began collecting lizards and snakes. He remembers that as a Boy Scout, his uncle would drive him to Rotary, Lions, and other service clubs, to speak about the live snakes he would take to those meetings. After high school graduation in 1940, Paul began studies at San Diego State College, primarily because of its proximity to the San Diego Zoo. Working at the zoo on weekends and summer vacations, his entry level job as assistant reptile keeper allowed him to clean the pen of about three dozen Galapagos tortoises. It also allowed him to work from the ground up, as he drained, swept, and refilled the two pools that housed large alligators. Paul had several mentors from his beginnings at the zoo. His supervisor, Curator of Reptiles C.B. “Si” Perkins told him, “When you work here, first do your jobs exactly the way that we showed you. Then, find out why we do things that way. After that, you can make suggestions about how you think the work could be improved.” This advice, Paul says, was most useful in his career. He also names Mrs. Belle Benchley, then San Diego’s zoo director, as an important mentor, who took an interest in the enthusiasm he had for the reptiles. Promoted to driver-guide on one of the zoo’s two sightseeing buses, he received $5 a day for his work. Paul says Mrs. Benchley played an important role in his life, and within the book, expounds on how she supported him throughout his career. After World War II broke out in 1941, Paul joined the Navy. He first came to Hawai‘i while on Navy duty, assigned to the | November-December 2017

When Paul Breese and Jean DeMercerBreese began co-authoring their book about the history of the Honolulu Zoo, they had no idea it would take ten years to complete. Paul Breese served as director of the zoo from 1947 until his retirement in 1965, and is highly respected in his field. His wife Jean, a recently retired teacher from Kohala Elementary School, assisted with the research and writing of the manuscript. The result of their effort, The Honolulu Zoo, Waikiki’s Wildlife Treasure 1915–2015, presents us with a unique look into the archives of Hawai‘i’s zoo history using newspaper clippings, stories from multiple sources and hundreds of photos. Jean said that while writing the book, she and Paul developed a sense of understanding and appreciation for each other’s skills and perceptions, and that “it was a journey in partnership and triumph in its publication.” “How very quickly family stories can be lost,” says Paul. “My real thought on writing this book was how most folks had really vague knowledge of what their parents had done, and if someone cared enough to write them down…otherwise it wouldn’t happen.” Both Jean and Paul agree on how important it is to honor the stories of people who have quietly excelled in an otherwise lost history. Born in 1922 in Minneapolis, Paul has always had an affinity for animals. One of his most cherished memories is when he was eight years


Paul Breese at Crocodile Farm in Bangkok in 1977. photo courtesy of Paul Breese | November-December 2017

Waianae Amphibious Training Base. On his rare day off, he would visit the Waikiki Bird Park (which later became the Honolulu Zoo under Paul’s direction.) He worked on the islands of Yap and Palau for a federal agency, (the US Commercial Company), and met his first wife Mary Lew FitzSimmons who also worked at the agency. They married in 1946 and eventually had three daughters and a son. With the help of the Veteran’s GI Bill, he graduated from University of Hawai‘i at Manoa with a major in zoology. In their family life together, Mary Lew was very supportive of Paul’s career, and in addition to rearing their children, spent many unpaid hours caring for infant gorillas and African


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lion cubs in their Kailua, O‘ahu home. Her compilation of the newspaper articles written during Paul’s tenure at the zoo was a great source of information for the book. Paul and Jean agree that writing the book was a family endeavor, with adult daughters Marlee Breese, Natalie Breese Sainsevain and Dawn Breese contributing their talents to the project. Waimea resident, Bob Reynolds, is a retired firefighter from O‘ahu. He recalls a memorable Halloween as a child in the 1950’s, trick-or-treating in his Kailua neighborhood. “We got to the Breese’s house and Marlee, Paul’s oldest girl opened the door with a baby gorilla on her hip,” Bob recalls with a smile. “I’ll never forget how surprised we were when she passed out

the candy while holding him.” Paul says his years of zoo keeping, including studying and interpreting animals on his own, as well as his time at the San Diego Zoo, provided his basic animal care knowledge. His many experiences in leadership under enemy fire during the war “strengthened my determination and gave me, at the age of only 24, the confidence to take on the challenge of rebuilding the zoo for Honolulu.” His wartime experiences

Left: Paul Breese with Bird of Paradise in 1960. Right: Paul with Tiny Dumbo 1958.

photos courtesy of Paul Breese

at Kohala Elementary. She met her first husband Robert DeMercer, married in 1971 and they had four daughters. Sadly, she lost her husband in 1980 to a car accident, and continued to raise her children alone. Jean met Paul in 1984, after he had moved to North Kohala some years after his retirement. “I was cheated out of my first love,” says Jean. “I thought, ‘Why not take a chance?’, and we married in 1986.” She retired in December of 2012 and this allowed her more time to assist in writing the book they had started. She says the skills from raising her own children to teaching school kids allowed her to transfer that knowledge into co-writing their book. Paul adds that Jean’s talent of keen observation absolutely contributed to the success and coherency of their project together. “I love to learn with Paul,” Jean says, “And we are very companionable.” The couple celebrated their 31st anniversary in August of 2017. Earlier this year, Paul underwent heart valve surgery. In order to assist in his recovery, the doctor recommended that he choose a project to work on. “I could have chosen lauhala | November-December 2017

helped him overcome challenges both small and large. His motto became, “If I can overcome getting shot at, I can accomplish this minor challenge.” In August of 1947, Paul was appointed as the first zoo director in Honolulu and began plans to upgrade both the zoo and bird park. With the help of his mentor Mrs. Benchley, and countless other friends and allies he had made, (named in their book), Paul was able to turn the small Honolulu zoo into one of the country’s finest. He helped create the master plan as well as worked on the acquisition of zoo animals. He was instrumental in building up successful breeding programs to help propagate various birds and other animals. These included the koloa (Hawaiian duck), Japanese sacred cranes, cassowary, giraffes, and Galapagos tortoises. The challenge, Paul says, is to enrich zoo visitors with physical contact and participation. “It’s about glass and grass versus bars and steel,” Paul says, adding, “Of course, with tigers, it can be difficult…but by building big, spacious places, it became important to create natural habitats within an urban zoo setting.” Over the course of his career, Paul has served as the former Chief of Wildlife of Research, continued on as an advisor to the zoo, was a chairperson of the Nēnē (Hawaiian goose) Advisory Committee (playing a key role in saving the Nēnē from extinction), established the Brown Tree Snake Control Group and was former Vice-Chairperson of the Conservation Council of Hawai‘i (which helped make Nēnē the official state bird.) He was inducted as a 2016 Living Treasure by the Honpa

Hongwanji Mission of Hawai‘i for his conservation work, which continues to enrich the lives of successive generations. Jean says in the late 1960’s she arrived on Hawai‘i Island and was training for the Peace Corps, with the Philippine Islands as her destination. She decided to remain in Hawai‘i when she was told that a North Kohala elementary school needed a teacher. The DOE administrator personally drove her to visit the school, and that ride changed her life. Jean began teaching


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For info & registration call Catrinka (808) 885-1615 The true joy of being human comes from when we know how to live life fully - not through external activities, but by embracing each moment no matter what situation we face. | November-December 2017


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Breese family with Congo, in their home in the suburb of Kailua on Oÿahu, I960. Left to right: Paul, Jr., Natalie, Paul, Congo, Dawn, Mary Lew, and Marlee. photo courtesy of Paul Breese

weaving, which I love, or danced with old ladies (but I’m a bad dancer, not that I don’t like the old ladies),” Paul adds with a laugh. “But I thought about what I could do to make the biggest contribution.” At the age of 95, Paul is excited about their current project together: co-authoring another book. He and Jean are compiling stories, photos and timelines about Hilo’s Panaewa Zoo which opened in 1977. Paul’s main motivation for cowriting their second book is to recognize the creators and key players of the Panaewa Zoo. Paul says, “At this stage in my life, it’s a fact that I’m so totally lucky to be here, and to be thinking. This is the only moment in time that you’ll ever have, and it’s elusive...gone in a second. Live your life to the fullest and treasure what you’ve got.” n Paul Breese compiles his memories and thoughts for his book; color coding with black ink for his first draft, and in red ink for fact checking. photo by Maÿatu Tukuafu

“Then and Now”

The Big Island Press Club By Paula Thomas and Lara Hughes

Madame Pele logo by Harry Lyons.

members of the world have made. It is important to consider the coming generations and what we might do for them.” Historic Beginnings In the spirit of ensuring a free press, open government, and connection among members of the media back in August 1967, journalists and news broadcasters got together to create a club on Hawai‘i Island. These young men and women worked for the newspapers and radio stations, all competitors for scoops on breaking headlines. To quote former Tribune-Herald news editor Hugh Clark about these times, “Radio folks did not talk to each other and never to the newspaper guys or vice versa.” As a founder looking back on the events of 50 years ago Gene Tao reflected, “The | November-December 2017

Celebrating 50 Years The Big Island Press Club is the oldest running media and journalism organization in existence on Hawai‘i Island. In September, the club celebrated 50 years of protecting the public’s right to be accurately informed. A dinner was held at Nani Mau Gardens in Hilo to commemorate the auspicious anniversary. Pulitzer prize winner Kirstin Downey was the event’s keynote speaker. In attendance were BIPC founding members Jim Wilson and Eugene Tao, Hawai‘i media professionals, senators, representatives, council people, students and a multitude of community members. Mayor Harry Kim issued a proclamation and declared September 21, the day of the celebration, to be known as Big Island Press Club Day. In reflection, founding member Jim Wilson commented, “I’m very proud… the club is still in action after 50 years and has a very good record in fighting for openness in government… that is quite an accomplishment.” BIPC president and recent UH Hilo graduate Lara Hughes called for the continued support of journalists and media professionals in the islands and elsewhere, “Our freedoms reflect the successful efforts and sacrifices reporters and media


Hawai‘i County Charter, and the Club had won its first major battle. For the initial two years Bill served as the club’s charter president, and in 1970, he and other BIPC members launched an original show called the Imu at the Naniloa Crown Room. The first successful evening, complete with song and dance by members including Hal Glatzer and George Durham, set the stage for a decade-long run of satire-fueled annual fundraising roasts.

Members Denise Laitinen, Lara Hughes, Don Barth, Teresa Barth, Gene Tao, Bob Duerr, Betsy Duerr, Jan Wong, and Rod Thompson. photo courtesy of Denise Laitinen | November-December 2017

club was organized during a time when there was a brutal labor strike against the Tribune-Herald. It had really divided the community.” As the story goes, Bill Arballo, a radio guy from KIPA and stringer for United Press International, encouraged a steak fry. Shortly following that, noted correspondent for the Honolulu Advertiser, Walt Southward, hosted a meeting at his home. The stage was set, and the next meeting at the Hilo Country Club launched the official start of the Big Island Press Club. Within a year, club members had passed so many good times on Friday’s in an old parsonage next to the Tribune-Herald which housed its very own bar, its social purpose was solidified. Says Gene of the change in social climate, “The Press Club was a good gathering place for all media.” The club mended the fences between the news and radio guys. It helped members get past the strike in 1967 and got people working together over issues of open and transparent government. Early club members hailed from the three AM radio stations on Hawai‘i Island as well as from the seven newspapers statewide. Bill Arballo, from KIPA radio and UPI, was a cofounder along with Jim Wilson, then advertising director and later publisher of the Hawaii Tribune-Herald. Tribune-Herald reporters Gene Tao and Hugh Clark, along with Southward (who later became a noted PR specialist) and radio DJ Clift Tsuji made up the core group of founders. Advertiser Cartoonist Harry Lyons crafted a logo for the club in a tribute to the Hawaiian volcano goddess Pele, as she sat at a typewriter making the news. It was delivered to the club Newspapers at the a message: strive to be time of BIPC founding: with more than the flourishing Honolulu Press Club. To Hawaii Tribune-Herald this day, there are only two Hawaii Hochi press clubs in the state of Hawaii Times Hawai‘i. Once the Club got going, Hilo Times the first big challenge came Honolulu Advertiser in the form of having an “Openness in Government” Honolulu Star-Bulletin provision approved by the Kona Times Charter Commission. Nearly 18 months later, an openAM Radio stations: meetings open-records 74 KHLO, KIPA, KPUA provision was part of the

Legacy Scholarships Hilo High School journalism teacher Yukino Fukubori was asked to join the club soon after its launch. She refused unless the club would create a scholarship for students interested in media studies. Cobbling together membership dues wouldn’t work long term; but as luck would have it, when roving reporter Robert C. Miller spoke at the club’s first

BIPC members launched an original show called the Imu at the Naniloa Crown Room to raise funds for their scholarships. event, attendee and at the time state senator “Doc” Hill was so moved he donated $1,000 toward a scholarship, and Yukino joined the club. Now, 48 years later, there are six scholarships awarded annually in amounts that total over $4,500. One of the scholarships today comes from funds donated by Yukino herself. Each year at a dinner held in late April–May, these commemorative scholarships go to Hawai‘i Island students enrolled in college full-time and pursuing a career in journalism or a related field. Much of the funding comes from donations made by the Program covers from Imu, the BIPC annual fundraising roast performance.

photo courtesy of Denise Laitinen

1970- Eugene Tao (l) presents Member of the Year award to Walt Southward and Hugh Clark (far right). family and friends of members who have passed on and wish to keep the club’s legacy alive. Thanks to the persistent work of former Star Bulletin reporter Rod Thompson who served as club treasurer for 11 years, the BIPC has wisely invested and protected these funds for the continued support of future generations of Hawai‘i’s media and journalism students. The club became a bona fide nonprofit organization in 2004, making donations tax-deductible. Robert Duerr, of Hawaii Fishing News, took over from Rod as treasurer and has served in the position for the past 14 years. Janis Selland Wong, who worked for the Tribune-Herald as a reporter and recently retired from running her own freelance writing and editing business, was among the first students to earn a scholarship in 1969. Janis reflects, “That I received the BIPC scholarship 48 years ago and the program continues today is testimony to the Club’s dedication and commitment to future journalists as well as defending the public’s right to know.” She now serves on the board of the BIPC as a director and as the membership committee chair. Scholarships not only help to perpetuate the journalism profession but keep the BIPC connected to the upcoming generations of would-be media members. | November-December 2017

On a Mission Each year the BIPC announces an emeritus award and a deserved dishonor award. The Torch of Light award goes to a person or organization that works to uphold the public’s right to know. Last year the club honored State Senator Lorraine Inouye for her legislative advocacy during the 2015 Puna lava flow where press was initially banned. This year, the club is


Patsy Iwasaki, Erika Engle, Kamakaila Waipa, Cashman Aiu, and Bob Duerr at the 2014 Scolarship Dinner. photo courtesy of Denise Laitinen


i ve

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giving the award to Nancy Cook-Lauer of West Hawaii Today for her investigative reporting work, which shed light on former Mayor Kenoi’s misuse of a county-issued p-card. The Lava Tube dishonor award goes to an individual whose lack of communication keeps the public in the dark. The Big Island Press Club also sponsors newsmaker luncheons and networking events with guest speakers including award-winning TV investigative reporter-turned-PR specialist Keoki Kerr and Hawaii Newspaper publisher Dennis Francis, among others. The BIPC has also helped sponsor the student-organized UH Hilo Media Symposium for the past two-years running and has welcomed students to serve as directors on the board. Some of these students have even gone on to hold officer positions.

Big Island Press Club Scholarships | November-December 2017

Bill Arballo Scholarship, named for charter president, UPI and Copley News correspondent and KIPA radio newsman


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Yukino Fukubori Memorial Scholarship, named for Hilo High School journalism teacher Marcia Reynolds Scholarship, named for Hawaii Tribune-Herald reporter Hugh Clark Memorial Scholarship, named for Hawaii Tribune-Herald journalist/reporter Jack Markey Memorial Scholarship, radio newsman Robert C. Miller Memorial Scholarship, named for veteran United Press International roving reporter from Honolulu

Continuing Support As Hugh noted in his history of the BIPC, “legal battles are everywhere.” Jim commented, “We will always face the issue of access. Open government will always be an issue for reporters.” Gene adds a new layer to the conversation, addressing the technological advances that media professionals and the global community face today, “There is too much fake news because people don’t have good training. It’s what has got us all confused. That’s why I think that education is important. Two things I want to see the Press Club continue is education and to be the watchdog for the people.” Photo right: 1977 Hugh Clark in BIPC newsletter. Photo Below: BIPC past president, Denise Laitinen, with Torch of Light Winners Sen. Lorraine Inoye, and Nancy Cook-Lauer at a scholarship dinner.

Providing scholarships to students and a networking platform for media professionals while upholding the public’s right to know has been the mission of the BIPC since its founding, and it may be more important than ever in today’s political climate and this era of fake news. It is a tribute to the early founders that a club like this exists here on Hawai‘i Island. We can all take a moment to be grateful that it is still going strong, and hard at work on its First Amendment-inspired mission that benefits us all. If you are interested in supporting the club by becoming a member for a $25 annual dues fee, serving on a committee, or making a donation, visit n All photos provided courtesy of Big Island Press Club.

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Strike up the Band!

Hawai‘ i County Band Entertains By Karen Rose

A great band

makes music sound effortless—a cacophony of notes drifting through air like oxygen. Elements of music such as pitch, tempo, texture, and volume, when analyzed individually hold great importance, yet when married together, create an inspiring force that moves the human spirit and stirs the emotions. It takes every member of a band to create and form something unique and magical. Band members at 2013 Honokaÿa Western Days. photo courtesy of Hawaiÿi County Band For more than 130 years, the Hawai‘i County Band continues to create and perform their enchanting works There are two arms of the Hawai‘i County Band, the eastern of music when they come together throughout east and side unit in Hilo, directed by Paul Arceo, and the western side west Hawai‘i. The group entertains Hawai‘i Island residents unit in Kona, directed by Bernaldo Evangelista. Performing throughout the year with music for special community events musical genres from jazzy Broadway tunes to classical music, and public concerts. the band is a special part of Hawai‘i Island’s cultural heritage West Hawai‘i County Band member and French horn player, and a valued part of the community. Peter Anderegg, talks about how the Hawai‘i County Band “Our band started several decades after the Royal Hawaiian became a part of the government, inspired by the Royal Band, so when statehood came about, the band was already Hawaiian Band on O‘ahu. in place. Fortunately, someone had the political know-how to “It started on Honolulu in 1836 with the Royal Hawaiian have the band be a part of the county,” said Peter. “The Royal Band. In 1871, Henry Berger came to Honolulu ‘on loan’ from Hawaiian Band started this tradition of the band being part of the government, which is really interesting. It got started on the Hilo side with two Portuguese immigrants who brought their culture with them and started a band.” The Hawai‘i County Band was founded in 1883 by brothers West Hawaiÿi County Band members at Hale Halawai 2013. photo courtesy of Hawaiÿi County Band Joaquin and Jules Carvalho, the Prussian government to direct the Royal Hawaiian Band immigrants from the Azores Islands of Portugal who moved to created by King Kamehameha III,” said Peter. “This started the Hilo and hung up their barbershop shingle. On days when the tradition of bands on our islands.” band performed together, the brothers traded in their straight Today, the Hawai‘i County Band is one of the oldest razors and creams for sheet music and set out to entertain professional music ensembles in the state, second only to the their east side audience. When the concert was over they Royal Hawaiian Band. would re-open the barbershop and get back to work.

Hawai‘ i Island for Over 130 Years Joaquin directed the band for 41 years and coordinated the band’s rehearsal schedule of Tuesday and Thursday evenings. This same schedule is still maintained today for the Hilo side band. More than a hundred years and thousands of band practices later, the Hawai‘i County Band continues to entertain the community with its talent and versatility. Known as the Hilo Band during the Hawaiian Monarchy, the band officially changed its name to the Hawai‘i County Band in 1900 after annexation. The band regularly performed at

Undated photo of band members marching in a community parade.

photo courtesy of Hawaiÿi County Band

and that’s really cool,” said Peter. “It’s not something that happens much outside of the military. We differ slightly from a community band, because a community band will traditionally give concerts about twice a year and maybe march in the Fourth of July parade.” Peter explained how community bands must spend a significant amount of time fundraising and working up big programs to be performed two or three times a year. However, a government band will respond to requests to play at various community events such as a new business openings, civic events or other special holidays. If citizens ask the band to play, the musicians will often show up with instruments in hand. Some of the band’s past performances include the International Billfish Tournament, Ironman® Triathlon, the Kona Coffee Festival and community parades. “The most amazing thing to me about the band, is it being part of the county,” said Peter. “In the United States, most of the arts are traditionally handled outside of the government structure and that allows the arts to kind of go off on their own.” “Community bands work tirelessly to grow their audiences because that is the main source of funding. Even if the musicians are volunteer and not paid, having a band costs money and music is not cheap. A county band is different,” said Peter, “and even the county budget can come and go…a couple of years ago our local government was trying to pull the county band out of the charter.” The Hawai‘i County Band has been on the chopping block a couple of times in recent years, yet fortunately has managed to escape losing funding on both occasions. So while a band being funded by the local county budget has its perks, it also comes with the knowledge those funds can be cut during difficult economic times.

the Mo‘oheau Park Bandstand in Hilo, dedicated in 1904 by Hilo businessman Admiral George Beckley. Since Joaquin’s passing in 1924, the band has seen several directors. Urban Carvalho, son of founder Jules Carvalho, became bandmaster in 1943. He also directed the Hilo High School Band and was known for recruiting the very best high school players. After Urban’s term ended in 1963, the band director position became a politically appointed position. Andres Baclig was the first appointed director and led the band for 11 years. The band had a succession of other talented directors including, Armando Mendoza, John Hursey, David Lorch, Wayne Kawakami, Randy Skaggs, Paul Arceo, Lisa Archuletta, and current director, Bernaldo Evangelista. One of the features that makes the Hawai‘i County Band unique is its classification as a government band rather than a community band. This contrast carries with it several important distinctions. Most notably, a community band is usually a self-supporting concert band or brass band ensemble composed of volunteer musicians, whereas a government band is generally sponsored by the local county government. “We are part of the fabric of the community Band members preparing to perform for 2017 International Billfish Tournament. photo courtesy of Peter Anderegg

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Hawaiÿi County Band sheet music. photo courtesy of Peter Anderegg | November-December 2017

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The proposed elimination of funding caused an outcry of public support and fierce opposition from the community. As a result of the community pulling together, the Hawai‘i County Band remains a part of the county budget. Because the band is such an important part of Hawai‘i Island’s artistic and cultural identity, residents would certainly feel the absence if the band were not performing at one of the many events such as veterans’ ceremonies, parades and free concerts. In addition to entertaining locals and visitors, the band also offers unique opportunities to music students in Hawai‘i County that are otherwise unavailable due to lack of funding for art education. Local teachers can bring students to the Hawai‘i County Band and offer them first-hand experiences in performing for live audiences and collaborating with professional musicians. One of the things Peter especially enjoys about playing with the Hawai‘i County Band is performing with people who represent multiple facets of the community. “One of the similarities between our county band and a community band is that it is made up of people from all walks of life,” he said. “I sit next to a woman who writes grants for a living, and the principle horn player is a vice principal at one of the schools. Then we have retired professional musicians who can be a little intimidating. For example, I sit in the horn section with a retired professional French horn player. Our tuba player was the tuba instructor at UNLV and was in the Studio Band of the US Army Field Band. He was also the principal tubist with the Las Vegas Philharmonic for many years. Then there’s a whole mix of folks like myself who were community musicians but never professionals. It is kind of amazing.” Hawai‘i County is fortunate to have its own band woven into the fabric of the community. The Hawai‘i County Band entertains the public during holidays and special events at little or no cost, while promoting an appreciation for creative expression. Young and old alike join together in celebration, while generational differences are tossed aside for a shared appreciation of common enjoyment. The Hawai‘i County Band encourages people from diverse backgrounds to enjoy what it means to be a part of a community. Here on Hawai‘i Island, residents are fortunate for these monthly opportunities listening to a live orchestra while setting aside the stresses of everyday life and allowing time to stand still, even if only for a few moments. n For more information about the Hawai‘i County Band: or

Featured Cover Artist: Roz Marshall they rest in her studio. Roz shares, “I love living above Kealakekua Bay and try to swim every day. I have a lovely outside studio in the treetops where I spend my days with my cats who keep me company, listening to the distant roar of the ocean.” For more information about Roz Marshall:

Table Of Contents Artists: Colin & Robert ANCIENT Hawai‘i was created by Colin Anderson and Robert Andia to recognize and portray the essence of the “profound ancestors” of Hawai‘i, in an effort to inspire investigation, education and awareness of the Hawaiian culture. Their goal is to promote the perpetuation of the culture and its significant contribution to Hawai‘i and its people. Colin and Robert are internationally recognized photographers. Colin resides in Australia and is known for his amazing photo-concept work and advertising images. Robert was raised in Hawai‘i and is known for his work in the fashion and advertising industry throughout the world. Many of their images are shot on Hawai‘i Island. Our table of contents image is called PEACE, and is an interpretation of Lono descending as the bringer of Makahiki, the celebration of peace. The waterfall represents Lono’s association with thunderclouds, rain and sustenance for the Hawaiian people. This artwork is a composition of images created on Hawaiʻi Island. To view more of their art, visit:, and | November-December 2017

Roz Marshall is a Welsh born Canadian artist who has lived mauka (uphill) from Kealakekua Bay for nearly twenty years in a house she designed and built with her husband, Bob Florent. Roz grew up in a military family and went to twelve schools. She lived in four countries while her father was in the British Royal Air Force. She spent her childhood in England, Washington DC, and Bahrain in the Persian Gulf. When her father retired, they moved to Vancouver, Canada. Her influences as a painter are many. Roz comments, “My work has been greatly influenced by the colors and designs of Middle Eastern art, the beauty of Hawai‘i, the art of the early Renaissance, traditional British portraiture, and the contemplation of what it means to be a woman and a serious artist.” Roz shared that she studied painting and Art History in Vancouver for five years (1965–1970) and did not encounter one female teacher; that trend began to change in the early 1970’s. In the late seventies and early eighties, Roz received grants from the Canadian government to study and work in London and Florence. “I love the paintings of the early Renaissance, and I have a magical image in my mind of Bahrain as it was when I lived there as a child.” says Roz. Her early art musings, coupled with her training in Europe and living in Hawai‘i have combined to reveal a unique style in her paintings. Roz has had over fifty solo exhibitions in Canada, Hawai‘i and internationally. In the 1990’s, she exhibited her work annually in the Hong Kong, Singapore, and Tokyo Art Fairs. In 1993, Roz’s work was chosen to decorate the Summit Conference, between Bill Clinton and Boris Yeltsin, which was held in Vancouver, Canada. She has also been published in over 25 publications and interviewed for numerous television shows. In between her exhibits and shows, Roz has also taught art internationally for over thirty years, from preschoolers to established art schools and universities. Locally, she brought her teaching talent to the 2015 spring and summer camps at SKEA in South Kona. Her painting, Hawaiian Golden Bouquet, which is on our front cover, is a combination of Hawaiian flowers in an early Italian format. Roz’s inspiration came from the gold used in Italian art and the golden hue of Hawaiian flowers. The addition of her cat, Benny, is in homage to each of her cats as


Crossword Puzzle | By Myles Mellor

Enjoy this crossword that tests your knowledge about what you read in this edition of Ke Ola Magazine, including the ads, while learning about Hawaiian culture and our island home! Some answers are in English, some are in Hawaiian. Feel free to use the Hawaiian reference library at Answers can be found on page 85. | November-December 2017

Your feedback is always welcome.


Across 1 Hawai‘i Island Mayor, 2 words 6 Hawaiian word for post or pillar 9 Hawaiian word for a hill or peak 10 Uncooked 11 Staunch supporter of education in Hawai‘i, ___ Matayoshi 13 Fry lightly 15 Couple who wrote a book about the history of the Honolulu zoo 18 _____ pear (bitter melon), Hawaiian shrub 22 Hawaiian word for small root 24 Measure of land 25 Japanese mustard sold by early Japanese farmers 27 Showed the way 29 Glass container 30 Hawaiian word for chant 31 Focus of activity 33 Dietitian's stat, abbreviation 34 Radiated 35 Hawaiian word for gut 36 Cow sound 37 Hawaiian word for push aside 39 Four full seasons 40 Plant grown in the Hands On History's Medicinal Garden

Down 1 Accompany musically, maybe 2 Hawaiian word for lean, as fish 3 Manta ____ 4 Romantic connection 5 Hawaiian word for inland 6 Big Island media organization celebrating 50 years, 2 words 7 Hawaiian word for house rafter 8 Hawaiian word for shout 12 Regret 14 Attorney group, for short 16 Male sheep 17 Avoids or goes around 19 Musical scale note 20 Exist 21 Hawaiian family that supports military personnel and runs a ranch 23 Hawaiian place of refuge 25 Cellist Yo-Yo ___ 26 City in Italy 28 Hawai‘i ____ Band

Standard Bakery Inc. Standard Bakery is known for baked goods that are made from scratch, using the best ingredients and baked fresh daily. Lloyd Fujino, owner of Standard Bakery, believes the bakery was first started in the early 1930’s by his grandparents, Masayuki and Haruno Fujino. Originally located in Captain Cook, the bakery was relocated to their current location in Kainaliu around 1940. Past presidents were their sons Hiroshi, Robert, Yasuo (Lloydʻs father), and currently, Lloyd is the president. In earlier years, “Mother’s Bread” was the product Standard Bakery was best known for. Today, their Chantilly cake and Brioche buns are the top sellers. They sell wholesale to markets, hotels, and restaurants, which is a major part of their business. Local products such as Chantilly cakes and rolls, Anpan, Cocopan, Cream Snails, etc. can be found in stores across the island, as well as in their retail shop—but you have to get there early! Other baked goods such as cookies, donuts and pies are sold in their retail shop, as well as items for lunches, meetings and events, such as bentos, musubi, curry and tripe stews, hamburger and teriyaki burgers, Korean chicken and loco moco. They are also known to have best malasadas and donuts on the island! About the bakery, Lloyd shares, “our products are fantastically fresh, never sacrificing quality to ensure outstanding flavor from the very first bite. We pride ourselves on delivering the tastiest and freshest baked goods to our most discerning customers, so call or visit our bakery today to place an order for any event, meeting, or breakfast time need!” Whether you are searching for one of their special birthday cakes or simply looking for a sweet ending to an everyday meal, Standard Bakery offers something for everyone. Their baked goods are just what you need to make any special celebration that much better. Sheet cakes and specialty cakes are also available. The bakery even offers their products for fundraising events so non-profits can sell tasty treats while bringing in money for their favorite cause.

This is a one of a kind bakery, where the aroma of home-style baking weakens even the strongest will. Come visit us and try one of our many specialty items. For custom creations, they recommend ordering one week in advance! Standard Bakery Inc. 79-7394 Māmalahoa Hwy., Kealakekua 808-322-3688 Open Monday–Friday 4:30am–3pm

Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

Akamai Events 808.747.2829

InBigIsland 808.333.6936

Island of Hawai‘i Visitors Bureau 800.648.2441

Konaweb Shirley Stoffer, 808.345.2627

Aloha Theatre–Kainaliu Aloha Performing Arts Company 808.322.9924

Basically Books

Hawai‘i Homegrown Food Network 808.961.0144

Hawaii Museum of Contemporary Art/ EHCC

Donkey Mill Art Center 808.322.3362

Downtown Hilo Improvement Association 808.935.8850 808.961.5711

Holualoa Village Association

Food Hub Kohala

Honoka‘a People’s Theatre Karla Heath, 808.224.1404 808.775.0000

Friends of NELHA

Hulihe‘e Palace Wilhelmina’s Tea 808.329.8073

Hawaiian Cultural Center of Hāmākua 808.494.0626 808.329.1877

Kahilu Theatre–Waimea 808.885.6868

Kailua Village Business Improvement District 808.326.7820

Kalani Oceanside Retreat 808.965.0468

Kona Historical Society 808.323.3222

Kona Choral Society 808.334.9880

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i 808.969.9703

Resort and Shopping Center Cultural Events

Log onto websites for event calendars

Keauhou Shopping Center 808.322.3000 | November-December 2017



Kingsʻ Shops–Waikoloa 808.886.8811

Kona Commons Shopping Center 808.334.0005


Kona International Marketplace


Prince Kuhio Plaza

Mike, Laurie, Shelly, Raymond, Russell, BJ 808.329.6262 808.959.3555

Queens’ MarketPlace–Waikoloa

808.329.RACE (7223) 808.886.8822


The Shops at Mauna Lani RICKY


Make your appointment today and use your Ricky Dollars for any service over $50.00 One coupon per service/per vehicle. Not valid for Safety Inspections

WWW .P RECISION A UTO K ONA . COM 808.885.9501

Hawai‘i Island Happenings Wondering what’s happening around Hawai‘i Island? Visit these businesses and organizations websites for the most up-to-date event calendars.

West Hawaii Dance Theatre and Academy

Kona Stories Bookstore

Palace Theatre–Hilo

Lyman Museum

Society for Kona’s Education & Art (SKEA) 808.324.0350 Liz Ambrose, 808.935.5021

Nā Wai Iwi Ola (NWIO) Foundation Kumu Keala Ching

North Kohala Community Resource Center 808.889.5523 808.328.9392


Volcano Art Center–Gallery 808.967.8222 UH Hilo Performing Arts Center 808.974.7310

Waimea Community Theatre

One Island Sustainable Living Center 808.328.2452 Virginia Holte, 808.329.8876 808.934.7010 808.885.5818

West Hawai‘i County Band 808.961.8699

Celebrating 37 years of outstanding Dental Service to Kona • Cosmetic & General Dentistry • Implant Restorations • Periodontal Therapy and Maintenance

Douglas H. Dierenfield, D.D.S.

329-5251 | November-December 2017

Casa De Emdeko, Suite D 75-6082 Alii Drive Kailua Kona, Hawaii 96740


To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit go to:

Community Kökua


Kona Vistas Recreational Center 75-6350 Pualani St, Kailua-Kona 3rd Saturday, 1pm Trap, neuter, spay, community education, colony feeding, management. Contact Stephanie or Nancy 808.327.3724

Boys & Girls Club of the Big Island

Hilo, Kea‘au, Pāhoa, Pāhala Oceanview, Hāmākua Monday–Friday, 2:30–5pm Volunteers needed for after-school youth programs 808.961.5536

Calabash Cousins

Hulihe‘e Palace Grounds, Kailua-Kona 2nd Thursday of the month 1–2:30pm Men and women who support the mission of Daughters of Hawai‘i. Contact Geri Eckert 808.329.9555

CommUNITY cares

Kailua-Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–5pm Saturday, 9am–2pm

Volunteer Opportunities Community suffering from cancer, medical hair loss, domestic abuse. Contact Tiana Steinberg 808.326.2866

Contact Peter 808.323.3318 or 808.936.6457 Ethnobotanical-Garden-761479683986161

Donkey Mill Art Center

Friends of Lili‘uokalani Gardens

Hōlualoa Hōlualoa Foundation for Arts and Culture Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4pm Volunteers help in arts education program. Contact Anne Catlin 808.322.3362

East Hawai‘i Cultural Center/HMOCA

Gallery Hours: Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–4PM Office Hours: Tuesday–Friday, 10am–4pm Volunteer in the art galleries, performing arts, classes, workshops, festivals. 808.961.5711

Friends of Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden

Captain Cook Saturday, 9am–noon Volunteers needed to help with weeding, trimming and maintenance of the gardens.

Hilo Ongoing Volunteers needed to help with the maintenance of Lili‘uokalani Gardens.

Friends of NELHA

Natural Energy Laboratory of Hawai‘i Keāhole Kona Monday–Friday, 9am–noon Share Ocean Science/Technology using deep ocean water. 808.329.8073

Hāmākua Youth Foundation, Inc.

Hāmākua Youth Center, Honoka‘a Daily, Mon. Tue. Fri. 2–5:30pm Wed. 1–5:30pm, Thu. 2–8pm Serving Hamakua’s school-age kids. Contact T. Mahealani Maiku‘i 808.775.0976

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

Hawaii Literacy/Kona Literacy Center Bougainvilla Plaza, Kailua-Kona Ongoing at various times Kona Literacy provides free, one-to-one tutoring for English speaking adults. Contact Lisa Jacob

Hawai‘i Island Humane Society

Kona Shelter, Kailua-Kona Monday–Saturday, 9am–5pm Need volunteers 16 or older, parent/child team 6 or older. Contact Bebe Ackerman

Hawai‘i Plantation Museum

Pāpa‘ikou Tuesday–Saturday, 10am–3pm Greet Visitors, assist with tours. Contact Wayne Subica 808.964.5151

Hawai‘i Wildlife Fund

Wai‘ōhinu Coastline, Ka‘ū SE Hawai‘i Island beach cleanups. Ongoing 7:45am Contact Megan Lamson

Ke Ola Magazine’s | November-December 2017

Aloha Gift Box Subscriptions


A Taste of Hawai‘i Island for the Holidays and Beyond! Every two months, you or your gift recipients will receive samples of different Hawaiʻi Island-made products, along with each new issue of Ke Ola Magazine! Each of the 6 subscription boxes is $25 including shipping & tax.

Your first gift box includes: • Hawaiian Print Insulated Bag • 2 oz. Buddha’s Cup 100% Kona Coffee • 1/2 oz. I Love Kigelia Skin Serum • 1 oz. Big Island Bee’s Organic Honey Orders must be placed by December 15th to guarantee Christmas delivery. Order online at

Powered by Hawaii’s Gift Baskets

Feature your products - call or text 808.345.2017

To submit volunteer information for your nonprofit go to:

Community Kökua


Hope Services Hawaii, Inc.

The Friendly Place Resource Center, Kailua-Kona Ongoing Volunteers help our community members who are experiencing homelessness. Contact Joycelyn Cabal 808.217.2830

Hospice Care

North Hawai‘i Hospice, Waimea Monday–Friday, 8am–4:30pm Care for families facing serious illness. Contact Catrinka Holland 808.885.7547

Hospice of Hilo, East Hawai‘i

Serving Laupāhoehoe to South Point Ongoing Seeking volunteers to provide staff support and care to patients and families. Contact Jeanette Mochida 808.969.1733

‘Imiloa Astronomy Center of Hawai‘i Hilo

Volunteer Opportunities Tuesday-Sunday 9am–5pm Assist with tours, shows, education programs and membership. Contact Roxanne Ching 808.969.9704

Saturdays and/or Sundays, 11am–4pm Volunteers needed to assist with pet adoption events. Contact: Deborah Cravatta 808.333.6299

Kahalu‘u Bay Education Center

Kona Choral Society

Kahalu‘u Beach, Kailua-Kona Daily 9:30am–4:30pm ReefTeach Volunteers educate visitors on reef etiquette and protection. Contact Rachel Silverman 808.887.6411

Kalani Retreat Center

Kalapana Varied Schedules Seeking volunteers: skilled trades/ maintenance, housekeeping, kitchen, horticulture. Contact Volunteer Office 808.965.7828

Kohala Animal Relocation & Education Service (KARES) Kamuela/Kona Shopping Area

Kailua-Kona Seeking volunteers for help with box office and ushering at our concerts. Contact John Week 808.334.9880

Use provided contacts for information (Listings provided on a space available basis)

Aloha Pavilion. Contact Katherine Patton 808.315.1093

Parrots in Paradise Sanctuary

Kealakekua Flexible hours Monday–Friday Sanctuary for displaced parrots. Contact Dorothy Walsh 808.322.3006

Rainbow Friends Animal Sanctuary

Kailua-Kona 1st and 3rd Tuesdays, 6pm Lynn Bell 808.989.7494

Kurtistown Ongoing Volunteers needed to help care for the animals, repairs and maintenance to the Sanctuary, and help with the office paperwork. Contact Mary Rose 808.982.5110

Ku’ikahi Mediation Center

Snorkel Day for People with Disabilities

Kona Toastmasters

Hilo Ongoing Become a volunteer mediator via Basic Mediation Training and apprenticeship. 808.935.7844

Lions Clubs International

Various Locations, Kailua-Kona 2nd Tuesday, 5:30pm “We Serve” is the motto of Lions Clubs International. Contact Lani 808.325.1973

Make-A-Wish Hawaii

Ongoing Granting wishes for children with life-threatening medical conditions. 808.537.3118 15-2881 Pahoa Village Rd, Pahoa Weekdays: 10am–1pm or by appt. Volunteers needed for outdoor work for our environmental nonprofit doing hands-on projects. Contact Rene 808.965-2000

North Kohala Community Resource Center

Kohala Welcome Center, Hāwī Daily 9am–noon or noon–3pm Greet people to North Kohala with aloha. Contact Juanita Rivera 808.889.5523

Paradise Ponies, Carousel of Aloha

Hilo Coffee Mill, Mountain View Ongoing Seeking volunteers to create the Carousel of

Sundayʻs Child Foundation

Kamuela Serving at-risk youth aged 6 to 17 Volunteers needed islandwide. Contact Lauren Rainier 877.375.9191

The Pregnancy Center

Kailua-Kona (serves the entire island) Monday–Friday Volunteers needed and appreciated! Free pregnancy testing, ultra sound, and client support. Contact Matthew Schaetzle, Director 808.326.2060

Therapeutic Horsemanship of Hawaii Kailua-Kona Volunteers are the heart and soul of this program. All levels of expertise needed. Contact Nancy Bloomfield 808.937.7903

Visitor Aloha Society of Hawai’i Island (VASH) Islandwide Ongoing Volunteers need to provide assistance to visitors who experience misfortune while visiting Hawai’i Island. Training provided. Contact Phoebe Barela 808.756.0785 Kona 808.756.1472 Hilo | November-December 2017

Malama O Puna

Kahalu‘u Beach Park, Kailua-Kona 3rd Friday, 10am–2pm Volunteers needed. Contact Hannah Merrill 808.326.4400 x 4017


Hawai‘i Island Farmers Markets East

Tuesday 3–5:30pm Hakalau Farmers Market Live music by: Alternative Medicine Bank Botanical World Adventures


1st and 3rd Friday of the month 4–8pm Mā‘ona Community Garden Friday Night Market 84-5097 Keala O Keawe Rd. Hōnaunau Saturday 8am–noon * Keauhou Farmers Market, Keauhou Shopping Center, Keauhou. | November-December 2017

Saturday 7:30–10am Waikoloa Village Farmers Market, 68-3625 Paniolo Ave., Waikoloa Community Church parking lot across from Waikoloa Elementary School. Saturday 9am–noon Hōlualoa Gardens Farmers g Market 76-5901 Māmalahoa Hwy, Hōlualoa. Sunday 9am–2pm * Pure Kona Green Market g Kealakekua, Amy Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden. Wednesday 8:30am–1pm Kings’ Shops Farmers Market Waikoloa Beach Resort Kohala Coast. Wednesday 9am–2pm Ho‘oulu Community Farmers g Market, Sheraton Kona Resort at Keauhou Bay.

Wednesday 2–6pm Kona Sunset Farmers Marketg 88 74-5511 Luhia St (HPM parking lot).

Wednesday–Sunday 7am–4pm Kona Village Farmers Market, corner of Ali‘i Drive and Hualālai Rd.

North Saturday and Tuesday 8am–2pm, Saturdays * Hāwī Farmers Market, North Kohala, across from Post Office and Nakahara Store under the banyans. Saturday 8am–1pm Waimea Town Market g at Parker School, 65-1224 Lindsey Rd., Waimea/Kamuela. Saturday 7am–noon Waimea Hawaiian Homestead Farmers Market, 67-1229 Māmalahoa Hwy at Lindsey Rd, Waimea. Behind the post office across from Kahilu Theatre. Saturday 7:30am–12:30pm Kūhiō Hale Farmers’ Market 64-756 Māmalahoa Hwy, at Hawaiian Homelands office, Waimea. Tuesday and Friday 2–5pm Kekela Farms Organic Farmers Market, 64-604 Mana Rd., Waimea. 100% organic. Wednesday 9am–3pm Waimea Mid-Week Farmer’s g Market at Pukalani Stables, site of the Paniolo Museum. Pukalani Road in Waimea.

* EBT accepted: • g Dog Friendly •

Saturday 7:30am–2pm Honoka‘a Farmers Market, Mamane St., Honoka‘a, Honoka‘a Trading Co., Old Botelho Bldg. Sunday 9am–2pm * Hāmākua Harvest Farmers g Market, Honoka‘a Hwy 19 and Mamane St. Sunday 9am–1pm Laupāhoehoe Farmers Market. Next to the Minit Stop on Hwy 19. Daily 8am–5pm Pana‘ewa Hawaiian Home Lands Farmers Market, Pū‘ainakō and ‘Ohu‘ohu Streets by Walmart, Hilo. Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and Thursday 7am–4pm Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 30 vendors. Wednesday and Saturday 6am–4pm * Hilo Farmers Market, corner of Mamo and Kamehameha Ave., downtown Hilo. 200 vendors. Saturday 7am–noon * Kino‘ole Farmers Market. Kino‘ole Shopping Plaza, 1990 Kino‘ole St., Hilo. Sunday 7am–2pm Pāhoa Village Farmers Market, Nānāwale Community Longhouse. Sunday 6am–2pm * Maku‘u Farmers Market, Kea‘au-Pāhoa bypass road.

Every 2nd Saturday 10am–2pm Orchidland Community Association Farmers Market Community Lot Orchidland Dr. Daily 7am–5pm Kea‘au Village Market, 16-6550 Old Volcano Rd., Kea‘au. Wednesday Evenings 5–9pm Farmers Market Kalapana end of Kalapana-Kopoho Rd, (Rte 137), next to Kalapana Village Cafe. Saturday 7:30am–4pm Keaukaha Pana‘ewa Farmers Market. Railroad Avenue, across from Home Depot, Hilo. Saturday 8am–noon * Outer SPACE Ho‘olaule‘a at Uncle Roberts ‘Awa Club, Kalapana. Monday–Saturday 10am–6pm * Dimple Cheek Farm Hwy 11, Mountain View. Saturday 10am–3pm Hawaiian Acres Farmers Market 16-1325 Moho Rd., Kurtistown Saturday 9am–2pm * Hilo Coffee Mill, g 17-995 Volcano Rd., Mountain View (on Hwy. 11 between mile markers 12 and 13).


Sunday 6:30am–10am * Volcano Farmers Market, Cooper Center, 1000 Wright Rd., Volcano Village. Saturday and Wednesday 8am–2pm Nā‘ālehu Farmers Market, Ace Hardware lawn.

Please send info on new markets or changes to

Celebrating a Long Time Advertiser “Talking story” is the best part of almost any interaction on this island. Wendy Greenfiled, owner of Simple Elegance Gems, says it’s also one of the joys of having a shop at Ali‘i Gardens Marketplace. The marketplace and its shopkkeepers are laid-back and enjoy mingling with one another and with their visitors. It’s a perfect venue to relax, wander around, and to fall in love with both this part of our island, and the merchandise available. Wendy says “at Simple Elegance we sell ‘rocks’ in both their natural state and as finished pieces of jewelry. It sounds strange—even to us. Both Joe and I skipped the rock-collecting phase that most kids go through when they’re quite young. We grew up in cities—where you are not supposed to (or allowed to) pick up anything off the street. Good stones aren’t just lying around on big city streets, in any case. We didn’t get interested in rocks until we were middle-aged. Now, we’re hooked. We purchase stones one at a time, once a year, at the gem and mineral shows in Tucson, Arizona. Even odder, we also go “rock-looking” whenever we’re anywhere there might be rocks. We’ve found that we actually enjoy being 26 miles northeast of Nowhere, Arizona, which is a real place! We’re not very good at “rock-finding” yet, but we’ll keep learning and trying.” When Wendy and Joe began their business, they had a lot of catching up to do. They read everything available. Wendy learned gemstone identification at the Gemstone Institute of America in New York. Joe taught himself how to cut cabochon gemstones from the rough material they buy or, less often, find. They still value learning from anyone who might know more about the stones than they do. “Talking story” with geologists, miners or road-builders who come through the shop is always a learning opportunity. “Talking story” is also a teaching opportunity. Wendy and Joe really enjoy the chance to show folks, especially kids, what stones look like when magnified or how to see inside a crystal to find what makes each one unique. When someone can focus on the imperfections in a particular quartz crystal or understand what causes the true sparkle of a druzy piece the “WOW!” is priceless to them. They’re perhaps the only jewelry shop where a jeweler’s loupe is part of the décor. Although the couple began making gemstone jewelry on the East Coast more than 20 years ago, Simple Elegance truly

developed when they moved to Kona. The beginning was their appreciation and respect for the stones. They believe stones speak to people. Wendy reflects, “each stone has already spoken to us since we brought it home and created a piece of jewelry around it. We show it off in the knowledge that each stone will speak eventually to one of our visitors and they will take it to its new home.” Their design is organic and inherent, both in the way Joe will cut, shape and polish a new stone and in Wendyʻs role as she fashions the unique settings and wraps to allow the stone itself to shine with joy and confidence. They are passionate that their work never involves damaging the stone with holes, glue or in any other way. The stones they choose deserve the respect of only using sterling, fine silver or gold to showcase them. Wendy assures “when you fall in love with one of our pieces, we want that love to be forever. It is really Nature that “creates” a stone—we can only add emphasis.” The stones are what this couple loves, what they search for, what they showcase, and what they sell. Each stone is unique and gets a unique treatment. Some of the stones even acquire their own names. Their wire-wrap is designed to show off each stone at its brilliant best. They see their job as making sure the stone is secure, and then getting out of its way. Their stones, chosen one by one, are the stars of the show. They are what speak to the creators, and what people fall in love with and take home with them. Simple Elegance Gems Ali‘i Marketplace 75-6129 Ali‘i Dr. Kailua-Kona 808.936.4179


Polynesian Development, Inc.

Talk Story with an Advertiser

BOOKKEEPING | November-December 2017




Polynesian Development, Inc. (PDI) is a full service architectural design and general contracting company that specializes in cutting edge residential and commercial projects. They often work with challenging building sites such as cliffside and ocean front properties and are uniquely qualified to create, plan, and execute beautiful and functional projects that integrate the natural Hawaiian environment with elegant and fitting designs. Kevin Gardner, president and founder of PDI, studied architecture at Cal-Poly in San Luis Obispo and has been a general contractor for over 40 years. “I was fortunate to find my calling early in life, becoming licensed at age 18. I still have a passion for my work and I love the creative process”, Kevin shares. Kevin moved to the Hawai‘i Island in 1986, originally residing on the Kona side. After building several high profile commercial projects and numerous custom homes along the Kona/Kohala coast, he made his way around the island, eventually settling along the Hāmākua coast. “I love the beauty of East Hawai‘i and found a pace that suits me. The construction community here is small and we all work well with each other”. Clients that choose PDI’s services tend to be people who have an eye for detail, appreciate precision craftsmanship, and working with a reliable team. Kevin says “I’ve always been very hands on. I like creating things and enjoy the challenge of finding innovative solutions. That’s why I’m often found on-site working with our crews. One of the things that sets us apart is we provide both design and construction services. We are very efficient and our clients like the convenience of dealing with one team”. Kevin, along with his project manager Helena Brandfors, ensures the company stays on top of current trends in the industry. “We offer modern, tropical fusion designs as well as contemporary European, traditional Hawaiian, and Japanese styling. We often incorporate locally sourced materials like tropical hardwoods, allowing us to design homes that fit the Hawai‘i landscape, seamlessly blending the outdoors and indoors together,” Helena adds. Hawai‘i’s construction industry is sensitive to market fluctuations, demand and inventory. Kevin says, “Now is a great time to build, land is still quite affordable and interest rates remain very low.” If you are looking for a reputable designer or builder, rest assured that you will be in good hands. Whether you already have plans drawn and stamped, or need to start with project design, Kevin and his team will guide you from concept through construction completion. Polynesian Development, Inc. 808.963.5448

Fire Ants Hawaii


Talk Story with an Advertiser

Fire Ants Hawaii 808.339.8288



VETERINARY SERVICES | November-December 2017

Little Fire Ants are the biggest threat our island has ever encountered. The LFA are attacking all of the native species of insects. They are harming our native birds at an alarming rate, even the honu (sea turtle) can’t escape the impact. Where does this stop? Fire Ants Hawaii owners say it stops with them. They have an effective means of controlling the LFA that is not harmful to humans or pets when applied properly. It is safe to use on edible plants, and also for our environment, when used in the correct application. It is never too soon to survey your property, even if you don’t believe that you have Little Fire Ants. If you are lucky enough to be one of the rare people that have not become victim to these invasive insects, you can protect your property from invasion before it is too late. Susanne Baca, co-owner, explains how she and her business partner, Jon Aynessazian, got into this business: “we own a landscape company called Lawn Artist LLC and an organic nursery callled Medicine Mama Hawaii, where we specialize in growing medicinal herbs. The LFA had begun to seriously impact these two businesses—economically, physcially and emotionally. We were getting stung by LFA, and they were also invading our medicinal herb plants, which made them unavailable to sell. Fortunately we knew exactly where to go, the Hawai‘i Ant Lab (HAL), which is a division of the County of Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture. We immediately began implementing the process they outlined.” What they found is that people were being stung, their pets were gradually going blind, and their yards were eventually being overtaken by these stinging ants. LFA are, and will continue to be, a hardship on our local economy and ecology. Susanne says “We have developed a program based on the protocol from HAL that has proven to be effective in controlling the LFA, for not only our properties, but that of our many clients. Our mission is to educate our island neighbors on how to effectively control their properties against the LFA and keep them safe using sustainable methods. We offer educational presentations to organizations such as Rotary, real estate offices, schools, farmers’ markets, and senior centers. We want to share this information with as many people as we can. One of the biggest objections we hear is that unless your neighbors treat it is futile to do it—this is not true. There is too much misinformation being spread. We encourage everyone to visit our website as well as the Hawai‘i Ant Labs website (littlefireants. com). It is the responsibility of each of us to stop the spread of LFA by either treating your infested property or protecting your property from infestation.”


Mahalo to our advertisers! By recognizing the value of Ke Ola Magazine for their marketing, they enable us to perpetuate and immortalize these important stories that deserve to be shared. Please visit them (in person, online, or by phone) and thank them for providing you this copy. Without them, Ke Ola Magazine would not exist.

Advertiser Index


Grand Naniloa Kïlauea Lodge Kohala Village Inn Holualoa Inn Malulani Pavilion

Activities, Culture & Event

Aloha Performing Arts Co. Bike ride to end polio Christmas in the Country at Volcano Art Center Christmas with the Chefs FairWind Big Island Ocean Guides Fashion for the Fight at Kings' Shops Friends if Lili'uokalani Gardens Events Holualoa Coffee & Art Stroll, Music & Light Festival ‘Imiloa Astronomy Center Kahulanui Live at Kahilu Theatre Kama‘aina Christmas Craft Fair Kohala Village HUB Kona Boys Kona Choral Society Palace Theater Parker Ranch Holiday Tree Lighting Rainbow Friends Howling & Meowing Holidays Red Road Festival Season Waimea Ocean Film Festival | November-December 2017

Art, Crafts & Jewelry


Akamai Art Supply Barbara Hanson Polymer Clay Artwork Blue Sea Artisans Cliff Johns Gallery/Champions Wood and Fine Art Colette's Custom Framing Dovetail Gallery & Design Glyph Art Gallery Harbor Gallery Holualoa Gallery Holualoa Ukulele Gallery Isaacs Art Center (at Hawaii Preparatory Academy) Ipu Arts Plus Kimura Lauhala Shop Kona Frame Shop Mountain Gold Jewelers One Gallery Pat Pearlman Designs Roz Marshall Fine Art Simple Elegance Gems Tiffany's Art Agency

39 85 26 67 43 70 35 75 3 47 51 67 52 76 36 26 49 63 28 36 35 16 30 50 67 59 62 38 66 67 46 66 66 40 66 22 18 50 28 66 47 56 27

Ke Ola Magazine recognizes the use of the ‘okina [‘] or glottal stop, as one of the eight consonants of (modern) Hawaiian language; and the kahakō [ā] or macron (e.g., in place names of Hawai‘i such as Pāhoa). Ke Ola Magazine respects the individual use of these markings for names of organizations and businesses.


Precision Auto Repair 84 Schneider Services Mobile Motorcycle Service 20

Beauty, Health & Nutrition

Alex's World of Beauty Big Island Body Contours Colloidal Silver made on Hawai'i Island Deborah Ardolf, ND Douglas Dierenfield, DDS Hawaii Center for Regenerative Medicine Hearts & Stars Salon & Day Spa Hemp Extract from Jade McGaff, MD Hinano Healing Arts Community Acupuncture I Love Kigelia® Skin Care Serum Keary Adamson, LMT Joan Greco, DDS, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Meditation retreat with Anan Thubten North Hawai‘i Community Hospital Reiki Healing Arts Vibrationally Sound Voice Healing West Hawaii Community Health Center

65 30 17 20 85 77 12 38 72 22 6 21 72 6 32 65 80

Building, Construction & Home Services

Colette's Custom Framing 38 dlb & Associates 90 Fire Ants Hawaii 22 Fireplace & Home Center 16 Hamakua Canvas Co, (Upholstery) 56 Hawaii Water Service Co. 76 Hawaii Electric Light Co. 38 Indich Collection Hawaiian Rugs 2 Kona Frame Shop 18 Plantation Interiors, Teak Garden & Lanai 32 Polynesian Development, Inc. 42 SlumberWorld 64 Statements 48 Tai Lake Custom Furniture 13 Water Works 34 Yurts of Hawai‘i 83

Business & Professional Services Aloha Plus Storage & Packaging A.S.K. About Travel Action Business Services Aloha Kona Kids Employment Experts Hawaii Community Federal Credit Union Hui Ho‘omalu Foster Care Services

36 30 90 40 93 24 85


Maika‘i Veterinary Clinic, LLC Keauhou Veterinary Hospital, LLC

Real Estate

Beverly Y. Crudele, RS, Clark Realty Cindy Griffey, RS, MacArthur & Co.|Sotheby's Claire K. Bajo Spiritual Real Estate Coldwell Banker-Daylum Properties Hamakua Coast Realty Kelly Shaw, RS, Elite Pacific Properties Kimi White, RB, Rainbow Properties Koa Realty Pacific Island Home Loans Pacific Isle Lending Group, LLC Paradise Found Realty

Restaurants & Food

Daylight Mind Coffee House, Café & Bakery Food Basket "Da Box" Holukoa Gardens & Café Island Naturals Market & Deli Kailua Candy Company Kohala Grown Market Kohala Village HUB Pub Lucy's Taqueria Päpa‘aloa Country Store & Cafe Peaberry & Galette Standard Bakery Sugai Kona Coffee Sushi Rock & Trio

Retail & Gifts

Aloha Gift Box Subscriptions Basically Books & Petroglyph Press Dragon Box Cable Alternative Hawaii Gift Baskets Hawi Cigar & ‘Ukulele Island Clutter Consignment Shoppe Kadota Liquor Keauhou Shopping Center Keauhou Store Kiernan Music Kings' Shops Kona Commons Shopping Center Mana Cards Päpa‘aloa Country Store & Cafe Paradise Found Boutique Parker Ranch Center Parker Ranch Store Puna Kamali‘i Flowers Queens' MarketPlace The UPS Store

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Send us your comments, letters, and photos! We accept email, snail mail, submissions through our website, or posts on Facebook.

UA MAU KE EA O KA ‘ÄINA I KA PONO. The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness. [Its sustainability depends on doing what is right.] Proclamation by Kona-born King Kamehameha III in 1843. Later adopted as the Hawai‘i state motto.


Publisher, Marketing, Operations    Barbara Garcia Bowman, 808.329.1711 x1,

General Manager   Gayle Greco, 808.329-1711 x5,

Editorial Team Gayle Greco, Sharon Bowling, Barbara Garcia

Advertising, Business Development   Barbara Garcia Bowman, 808.345.2017,     Gayle Greco, 808.329.1711 x5,

Bookkeeping    Eric Bowman, 808.329.1711 x 3,

Customer Service, Distribution, Subscriptions    Sharon Bowling, 808.557.8703,

Creative Design & Production    Aaron Miyasato, Creative Director, 4digital, Inc. 808.961.2697     Noren Irie, Graphics & IT/networking, 808.938.7120

Ad Production Manager & Graphic Designer    Michelle Sandell,

Proofreaders    Eric Bowman, Sharon Bowling, Michelle Sandell

Ambassadors   Emily T Gail • Fern Gavelek • Keala Ching • Mars Cavers • WavenDean Fernandes

Ke Ola Magazine is printed on recycled paper with soy-based inks. Ke Ola Magazine is a member of:

Worldwide Delivery 808.329.1711 x4, order online at, Subscribe@KeOlaMagazine, or mail name, address, and payment of $30 US/$48 Canada for one year to: PO Box 492400, Kea‘au, HI 96749. Contact us for international rates. Subscriptions and back-issues available online. © 2017, Ke Ola Publishing, Inc. All rights reserved

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Call us today to see what we can do for you! | November-December 2017

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94 | November-December 2017




From high style to family style, Kings’ Shops and Queens’ Marketplace are the ultimate shopping and dining destinations along the Kohala Coast. The two centers offer a range of stores, from exclusive luxury brands to popular boutiques. It’s a pairing made in paradise.

Q U E E N S M A R K E T P L AC E . N E T 808.886.8822

K I N G S S H O P S .C O M 808.886.8811

Crocs Hearts & Stars Salon & Day Spa Island Gourmet Markets Lava Light Galleries Mahina Quiksilver Reyn’s Romano’s Macaroni Grill Sansei Seafood, Steak & Sushi Bar SoHa Living Starbucks Coffee Volcom

Tiffany & Co. A-Bay’s Island Grill Genesis Art Gallery Kings’ Cabana Massage Na Hoku Noa Noa Macy’s Maui Divers Jewelry Michael Kors Roy’s Waikoloa Bar & Grill The Koa Table by Chef Ippy Tommy Bahama Tori Richard

And Many More...

And Many More...


Kelly’s Hawaii Business Magazine Awards: • 2017 Top 100 Realtors To Do Business With, Transactions & Top Sales Honorable Mention • 2014 & 2015 Top 100 Transactions



Large Main House + Guest House

3 Bedroom / 2 Bath Large Lot

3 Bedroom / 2 Bath Ocean views

MLS #603234

MLS #610547

MLS #607838




November-December 2017