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Pet corner:

Help us keep chicken free in schools.

A Hamster is for life, not just for Christmas

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news for the young citizen

H

is for ‘Hello’

Inside: nursery rhyme: Hey Diddle Diddle | Want a Pet Hamster? | Reviews & more! Event:

Pop Up Festival of Stories

The coolest children’s literature festivals returns to the UK this summer with a spectacular line up and an

innovative approach to keeping children interested in literature. These are created especially for Pop

Up by writers, illustrators, poets & storytellers. It is a free, world-class event for children of all ages.

In 2014 Pop Up will take place in Shropshire, Essex & Swiss Cottage Library in London. Read all about it on p10


2

Hello

The greeting ‘Hello’ was used in English as early as the 1860s. The Oxford English Dictionary states that ‘hello’ is a version of ‘hallo, hollo,’ which came from old German.

The theme of this issue is the letter H. The people who contributed to this issue: Luba Wilson-Max , aged 10 Jimi Sayo, Hypnotherapist

All human cultures have greetings. They either speak or physically greet, and often do both (Hello plus a handshake, for instance).

Sylvia Cohen, Voice and Drama Coach

In some languages, the same word or gesture is both a greeting and farewell. Examples are “Good day” in English, “Aloha” in Hawaiian, “Shalom” in Hebrew, “Namaste” in Hindi and “Ciao” in Italian.

Jenifer Bunnett, Photographer

Hello is a small word with big possibilities. How we greet each other can say so much about how we feel about them and ourselves. So, when you greet, be welcoming, and friendly. Make a good first impression. You never know where it might lead. How do you say Hello?

Kevin McKenzie, Cleaner

Karen Hill, HR consultant Ken Wilson-Max, Illustrator Manya Stojic, Illustrator

chicken newspaper is published four times a year. You can find us in some news agents, schools and cafés or you can ask your teacher or parent to find out more from our website. Its easy so don’t be chicken! Copyright © 2014 by Design Tribe Ltd All rights reserved. This newspaper or any portion thereof may be reproduced or used in for non commercial purposes as long as credit is given to its creators. Contact the publisher for permission if you wish to use content form commercial purposes.

Ordering Information: Get Chicken into your school! Send me a message!

ken@chickennewspaper.com Chicken is published by Design Tribe Ltd, 28 Charteris Road, London N4 3AB, England www.design-tribe.net Printed in the United Kingdom by Spectrum Press Ltd, Studio 8, Edmonton Trade Park, Advent Way, London N18 3AJ, United Kingdom Tel:0208 807 8100 Fax:0208 807 8833

The Chicken! Team: Design and editorial: Ken Wilson-Max (ken@chickennewspaper.com) Manja Stojic (mstojic@me.com) Design Tribe (www.design-tribe.net) Marketing and sponsorship: Eva Baker (eva@chickennewspaper.com) Public Relations: Carol Perrett (carol@citrinepr.com) Print: Spectrum Press (adam@spectrumpress.co.uk)

www.chickennewspaper.com


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Inside Alphabet: The Letter H

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Information: H is for Hair

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Rhyme: Hickory Dickory Dock

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Event: Pop up Festival of stories

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History: The boys Who Went To War School: The 11 Plus Challenge Pets Corner: A Hamster is for Life

12 14 15

Activity: H is for...

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H is for: H is for Horticulture

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Medicine: The Mysteries of Hypnosis

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Toys: Hula Hoop

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Machines: Helicopter 22 Our Planet: Global Warming Affects Us All

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Science: Hand Hygeine Helps 26 Food: Home of the Hamburger

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Languages: Hello World 30 Story: Rapunzel

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Try It: Photography 35 Chicken Reviews

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Computing: Ready For E-Learning? 37 A Little Drama: H is For Hoarse

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Chicken Hero: A Hairy Hero 40

Subscribe to chicken for ÂŁ36/year and get copies delivered straight to your door. Visit www. chickennewspaper. com/subscribe and help keep chicken free for schools.


4

ALPHABET

The Letter

No one is actually sure how this invisible sounding letter came to be. Experts disagree about the history of the letter’s name. Author Michael Rosen wrote, “...We are still split, and pronouncing H two ways: “aitch”, which is posh and “right”; and “haitch”, which is not posh and thus “wrong”. The truth is that there isn’t a right way to pronounce this letter!

‘H’ is also used in many spelling systems in combination with other letters to make different sounds; ‘ch’, ‘gh’ ‘th’, are all different from each other. In most English dialects, the name for the letter is pronounced ‘aitch’. The pronunciation ‘haitch’ is

not the standard. It is, however, a feature of varieties of English, such as those of Malaysia, Newfoundland, and Singapore. In Northern Ireland, Protestant schools teach ‘aitch’ and Catholics ‘haitch’.

In Australia, this has also been attributed to Catholic school teaching and is estimated to be in use by 60% of the population.

The haitch pronunciation has spread in England. It is used by approximately a quarter of English people born since 1982. It is becoming more common among younger speakers.


5

Draw your own H


6

FACTS

Human hair is used by groups of eco-friendly volunteers to clean up oil spills.

is for Hair The most common hair colour in the world is Black The rarest is

Red

Hair absorbs oil out of water.

It works as a

natural sponge!

In 1705 Peter Great

the ordered a ‘Beard Tax� in Russia.


7

Hair

Hair is very

elastic.

Wet hair can

stretch by a third before breaking.

Black, curly hair is less elastic than lighter colors

Afro

Popular in the late 1960s, the Afro hairstyle was worn as early as the 1860’s- a hundred years earlier.

grows about one cm every month

A single, strand of hair

can hold

about

6.5 pounds

of weight


8

INFORMATION + HISTORY


9

Nursery Rhyme Hey Diddle Diddle This old rhyme was sung in the 16th century. The “Cat and the Fiddle” was a common name for inns in 1587. One of the best known is at the high point on the A537 road crossing the hills from Buxton to Macclesfield. The route is known among the local population as “the Cat & Fiddle road”. There are many theories about the origin of the rhyme, but none are proven. The verse is probably meant to be as silly as it sounds.

Can you make up your own nonsense rhyme?


10

EVENTS

A Day at Pop UP Words and photos by Luba Wilson-Max, aged 10

the Pop Up Festival of Stories I went with my mum and dad to ). We had to get there early (UK ex Ess k oc urr Th in use Ho h at Hig were performing. It meant because both my mum and dad in from Fenchurch Street to getting up early and taking a tra h House which took about 15 Purfleet and then walking to Hig minutes. s setting up When we got there every one wa volunteers the different activities. There were sy. I wanted running around and being very bu take to be involved so I volunteered to ke notes of pictures for Chicken! and try to ma the things I saw and did. lly liked that the It was a sunny Saturday and I rea people. It felt very place was big enough for lots of ugh they told us later that tho en ev all, at l ful t no d an s ou spaci y, which was the most for this 2000 people had come for the da type of event so far. e, which was brilliant! It was Some of the activities were outsid and choose what I wanted to good to be free to move around do next. Nothing was off limits. re for children close to my Most of the activities I enjoyed we all children. age, but there was something for s very useful as there were The Pop up map of the venue wa u were using it, you had to lots of activities happening. If yo ts so you could keep track collect stamps of each of the even . I tried to see everything but do to l stil re we t tha s ng thi the of got stamps for the ones I liked. rking on the day, I had a wo th bo re we ts ren pa my se cau Be too, which chance to go behind the scenes, was really good! It was a long but really fun day!


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Pop Up Festival of Stories

I T V S AL E F

The festivals returned to the UK this year with a spectacular line up and an innovative approach to keeping children interested in literature. These are created especially for Pop Up by creators who are children’s writers, illustrators, poets and storytellers. The Pop Up Festival is a free, world-class, enjoyable event for children of all ages.

O

F

In 2014 Pop Up takes place in Shropshire, Essex & Swiss Cottage Library in London. Pop Up Projects has a mission to to reach as many children and families, schools and communities through books, stories, and the people who make them. They are passionate about making sure children from all walks of life can feel the magic of children’s books and about giving children and families the tools to make their own stories. As a not-for-profit social enterprise, which means they work to improve communities, they put any money they make back into their projects. Besides the Pop Up Festival of Stories, they organise a conference and a programme of school visits by children’s authors and illustrators to over 100 schools across the UK.

ST

E I OR

www.pop

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-uP.org.u

Enginuit y, Ironbrid ge, Shrops hire 19 April 11am–5pm High Hou se Produ ction Park Purfleet , , Es 3 May 12pm sex –6pm Swiss Cott age, Lon don 12&13 July 11am–6pm

k

Supporte

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In Associ at

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This year’s festival in London is jam packed with entertainment and promises to be epic fun! For the latest information on who’s appearing and what is happening over the 12-13th July, visit their really fun website http://pop-up.org.uk/festival/


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HISTORY

No one nowadays thinks sending children to war is a good thing. In fact more and more people think war itself is bad. It was not always that way. All the armies in the first Great War used child soldiers. At the beginning of the war young boys and girls could hardly be stopped from enlisting. To enlist is to volunteer to join an army.

Combat is the actual fighting that soldiers do.

Recruiting Officers closed their eyes when people clearly under the required age of 18 years old showed up to join. Child soldiers went to battle with regular soldiers and many did not make it out of the war. The military use of children has been around for thousands of years. Children sometimes took part in combat (child soldiers), or they were used as porters, spies, messengers and look outs; or they were used as human shields or in propaganda. Since the 1970s, international laws have tried to stop children being involved in wars. Article 38 of The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, said: “State parties shall take all feasible measures to ensure that persons who have not attained the age of 15 years do not take a direct part in

hostilities.� However, people who are over the age of 15 but under the age of 18 are still voluntarily able to take part in combat as soldiers. In recent times, child soldiers were used in the Sierra Leone Civil war. The Small Boys Unit (SBU) was a group of children who were forced to fight for the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). The RUF wanted to overthrow the government and take control of the rich diamond mines. In 1998, 25% of the soldiers fighting in Sierra Leone were under 18, and of those, half (50%) were abducted and over a quarter (28%) were under the age of 12. The war ended in January 2002. There are around 300,000 children currently involved in armed forces or militias around the world. Boys between 10 and 14 years old are most used because they are thought to be strong enough to carry weapons.

People who are over the age of 15 but under the age of 18 are still voluntarily able to take part in combat as soldiers.


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The youngest soldiers

WW1 Momčilo Gavrić was the youngest soldier in the First World War In August 1914, Austro-Hungarian soldiers killed his father, mother, grandmother, his three sisters, and four of his brothers. His house was also set on fire. Momčilo was not at home when it happened That was the day his life changed forever. Momčilo found the Serbian army nearby, told them what had happened and lead the unit to where the Austro-Hungarian soldiers were. When he was 10 years old, he was promoted to the rank of Corporal by his commander. Later he was promoted to Lance Sergeant. He was sent to England to finish his education at Henry Wreight school in Faversham, Kent. In 1921 he went back to his country and found his three surviving brothers. He died in 1993 at the grand old age of 93.

WW2 In 1942, Seaman Calvin Graham was decorated for valor in battle. His mother found out where he’d been and told everyone his secret. The fresh-faced seaman was only 12 years old. Calvin Graham was just 11 in Crockett, Texas, when he decided to lie about his age and join the Navy. One of seven children living at home with an abusive stepfather, he and an older brother moved into a cheap rooming house. Calvin sold newspapers and delivered telegrams on weekends and after school. Even though he moved out, his mother would occasionally visit. The country was at war. Being around newspapers he had the opportunity to keep up on events overseas.

1990 In Colombia, a 12-year-old girl was brainwashed by guerrillas and made to act as an informant. Yineth Trujillo spent five years as a child soldier with the Farc guerrilla Farc is The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People’s Army (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Revolutionaries de Colombia— Ejército del Pueblo, FARC–EP and FARC) are a military organization involved in armed conflict since 1964 “They gave the boys lots of training in handling explosives and me in intelligence gathering,” she recalls. “A little girl can transport money, weapons, drugs much more easily.” She had a harrowing and tough time with the rebels.

Photo of U.S. Navy Seaman First Class Calvin Graham- Smithsonian magazine Photo of Momčilo Gavrić courtesy of Wikipedia Commons Photo of Jinegth Trujillo courtesy of Wikipedia Commons


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LEARNING NEWS

Facts about 11 Plus There are 164 remaining grammar schools in various parts of England, and 69 in Northern Ireland.

The 11 Plus Challenge The Eleven plus test is given to pupils in their last year of primary school (year 6 in England and year 7 in Northern Ireland). It is used to find out whether a pupil can cope with life in a grammar school. The main parts of the 11 Plus are: Verbal Reasoning, Non-verbal reasoning, Mathematics and English tests Since the early 1970s many areas of the United Kingdom have not used the Eleven plus exam. However, there are still a considerable number of Local Authorities (LAs), Foundation Schools,

independent schools and private schools that still admit pupils based on selection by the test known as the Eleven Plus exam, usually at age 11. 164 grammar schools remain, and pupils wishing to get in to them must still pass the exam. In Northern Ireland, 2014 is the last academic year to have an 11-plus style exam. Here are a few websites that might be useful: http://www.11plus.co.uk http:// www.bond11plus.co.uk http:// www.elevenplusexams.co.uk

The largest area still operating the “Eleven Plus� is the county of Lincolnshire In Lincolnshire pupils sit the verbal and non-verbal reasoning, alongside their SATs. This includes reading, writing, maths and some schools will have a science test. The 11 Plus pass mark is usually between 500 and 550 out of 700. Students who get the pass mark will have the opportunity to study at grammar school.


PET CORNER

Pet corner Owning and caring for a hamster is a big responsibility and a long-term commitment, just like with any other pet.

A Hamster is for Life Your hamster needs a lot of looking after. It needs to be handled with care. So, should it be your first pet? Only if you are really responsible. Hamsters live for up to 2 years, although some may live for longer. There are several different breeds , different sizes and temperament. Not all hamsters are sociable Hamsters belong to the family Cricetidae. There are 24 different species. The Syrian, the Russian dwarf Campbell and the Roborovski are the ones most kept as pets. Hamsters use their whiskers, or vibrissae, to explore their environment. A hamster’s teeth never stop growing! They have a ‘self-sharpening’ system where their incisors grind against each other while gnawing, which wears the teeth down. Hamsters are nocturnal. They have large eyes and a retina dominated by rods- the part of the eye that can function in less intense light.

Treat Your Hamster well Play with it often. Make a fist and let them sniff your hand before gently picking it up. Before picking up your hamster, make sure it has emptied it’s bladder. Sudden movements will scare your hamster, who might run away or even scratch you. 1. Remember, hamsters are nocturnal so try to buy your hamster at night or early in the morning. 2. Don’t wash your hamster as this will remove its natural oils and cause illness or even death. They can clean themselves. 3. Make sure you know if it is a boy or a girl

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16

ALPHABET

H

harp hat helicopter heart honey house hippo honey horn home horse hook hanger hexagon hand hole hoe

is for...

Draw lines to match the words with the pictures. If there are no pictures to match, find a space and draw your own


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H IS FOR HORTICULTURE

Horticulturists use their knowledge to grow plants for human food and for making life better. Their work involves plant propagation and cultivation to improve plant growth, the quality of the food they make and their resistance to insects, diseases, and the environment.

is for

Horticulture plant conservation; the protection of the natural environment. landscaping; changing the visible features of an area of land arboriculture; growing trees and shrubs horticultural therapy; the engagement of a person in gardening to improve health.

Horticulture is the art and the science of growing plants. They are grown for food and medicine (fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds) and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees and plants are all part of horticulture. Everyone with a garden or even a pot plant practices horticulture. Horticulture also includes plant conservation, landscaping and garden design, arboriculture and horticultural therapy. This range of food, medicinal, environmental, and social products and services are all important in keeping human health at a high level.

Horticultural scientists focus research that improves horticultural knowledge and skills. They need to know a bit of all of the main sciences; biology, physics, chemistry, geology, and mathematics. They also need to know about education, commerce, marketing, healthcare and therapies. Horticulture is truly a science for the people.

propagation and cultivation; Two important steps of producing plants by collecting and planting seeds, cutting parts of plants and planting them (known as cuttings), growing plants by tying a cutting onto another plant (known as grafting)


H IS FOR HYPNOSIS Jimi Sayo has been a hypnotist for eight years. She works with both adults, teenagers and children. She grew up

with her two brothers and a sister in Cardiff, Birmingham and a Nigerian town called Ile-Ife. She likes bike-riding, baking cakes, and long lazy naps. She collects

marionette puppets, and fridge magnets. jimi@jimisayo.com

pen or pencil down, then a moment later, you’re wondering where you put it!

I’m sure you've heard of the ancient art of hypnotism. Maybe you’ve seen a stage hypnotist on TV hypnotising volunteers from the audience, making them do funny things that make everybody laugh. Hypnosis is a kind of wide-awake sleep. Your eyes are wide open or closed while it’s happening.

Hypnotism was given its name by the ancient Greeks. The word ‘Hypnos’ is the Greek word for sleep.

You may also have heard of people being hypnotised before an operation. Despite using no anaesthetic, they feel no pain during or after the operation and can actually stay awake while its happening. They even go home much quicker after the operation.

In ancient Egypt, there were Sleep Temples for people who weren’t feeling well. The temple priest would hypnotise them into a deep sleep lasting many days, waking them up only to eat and have bathroom breaks, before putting them back into hypnosis. They would be woken properly after a few days feeling amazing and ready to go home. A person who is hypnotised is said to be in a trance. What’s interesting is that everybody can go into a trance without realising it. Like, when you put a

Day-dreaming is like the trance during hypnosis. You can be so wrapped up in a day-dream that someone could be talking to you, standing right in front of you, and you honestly don’t hear them because you’re in a world of your own. Yes, we can have a lot of fun with hypnosis. In the children’s book,’ Molly Moon’s Incredible Book of Hypnotism’, Molly is in an orphanage run by a very cruel, hairyfaced lady called Miss Adderstone. She is also tormented by a bully called Hazel Hackersley. But everything changes when Molly discovers an old book on Hypnotism. She learns how to hypnotise herself and others and wins a talent contest with her new hypnotic skills. Children actually make exceptional hypnotic subjects because they have a rich imagination and are very good at playing make believe.

The Hypnotherapist says really encouraging things to help the person being hypnotised feel confident, safe and happy. These are called hypnotic suggestions. Do you know someone who is terrified of needles? Or someone that panics when they see a spider, or a cute little mouse? These reactions are all examples of phobias. Some children even have a phobia of school Hypnosis can help to get rid of phobias and fears, just by using the power of the imagination.

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20

TOYS

HULA HOOP For thousands of years children around the world have played with them. But, the ‘hula hoop’ as we know it was invented by Arthur K. Melin and Richard Knerr in 1958. A hula hoop is a toy that is twirled around the waist, limbs or neck. Traditional materials for hoops include willow, rattan (a flexible and strong vine), grapevines and stiff grasses. Today, they are usually made of plastic tubing. In 14th century England, doctors treated patients suffering from pain and dislocated backs due to hooping - and even thought that hoops caused heart failure. The name ‘hula’ came from the Hawaiian dance in the 18th century, due to the similar hip movements.

AARON HIBBS FROM AMERICA KEPT A HOOP SPINNING FOR 74 HOURS AND 54 MINUTES IN 2009.

ROXANN ROSE FROM THE UNITED STATES, KEPT THE HOOP SPINNING WITH HER ARMS FOR 90 HOURS IN 1987.

8-YEAR-OLD MARY JANE FREEZE WON A CONTEST IN1976 BY KEEPING THE HOOP SPINNING FOR 10 HOURS AND 47 MINUTES.

THE MOST HOOPS TWIRLED AT THE SAME TIME IS 160, BY MARAWA THE AMAZING IN 2014.

THE PREVIOUS RECORD WAS 132, SET BY PAUL ‘DIZZY HIPS’ BLAIR IN 2009.


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THE LARGEST HOOP EVER TWIRLED WAS 13.88 METRES (45.55 FT) IN CIRCUMFERENCE, BY ASHRITA FURMAN IN THE UNITED STATES IN 2005.

4,483 PEOPLE IN THAILAND DANCED WITH HULA HOOPS FOR SEVEN MINUTES IN 2013. THEY SET THE WORLD RECORD.


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MACHINES

Helicopter A helicopter is a flying vehicle in which lift and thrust are supplied by engines with propellers called rotors. It is a rotorcraft.

This bamboo-copter is spun by rolling a stick attached to a rotor. The spinning creates lift, and the toy flies when released.

A Helicopter can take off and land without a runway. It can hover, fly forward, backward, and sideways.

This Chinese helicopter toy was introduced into Europe and appeared in Renaissance paintings and other works.

Helicopters are used in busy or isolated areas where normal aircraft cannot perform.

Early Western scientists developed flying machines based on the original Chinese toy. Leonardo da Vinci created a design for a machine described as

Since around 400 BC, Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys.

an “aerial screw” in the early 1480s and the idea of vertical flight really took off. The word helicopter comes from the French ‘hélicoptère’, which was first used by Gustave Ponton d'Amécourt in 1861. Nowadays, English nicknames for helicopter include "chopper", "copter", "helo", "heli" and "whirlybird".

1754

Russian Mikhail Lomonosov had developed a small copter modeled after the Chinese top but powered by a wound-up spring device

Modern helicopters were developed and built during the first 50 years of flight. The Focke-Wulf Fw 61 was the first working helicopter in 1936, but it wasn’t until 1942 that a helicopter designed by Igor Sikorsky was used in public.

1861

the word “helicopter” was coined by Gustave de Ponton d’Amécourt, a French inventor who built a small, steam-powered model

1480s

Leonardo da Vinci created a design for a machine described as an “aerial screw”

400 BC

Chinese children have played with bamboo flying toys.

1783

Christian de Launoy, and his mechanic, Bienvenu, used a version of Chinese top in a model with turkey feathers as rotor blades. In 1784, they demonstrated it to the French Academy of Sciences

1878

Italian Enrico Forlanini’s unmanned vehicle was powered by a steam engine. It was the first one to rise to a height of 12 meters and hover for 20 seconds


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Up, up and away! What’s it like to fly in a helicopter? It is like flying in an airplane. The main difference is taking off and landing where it feels like being on a roller coaster. If you like roller-coaster rides, you’ll like being in a helicopter.

When the helicopter is flying forward, the ride is quite smooth.

It’s easier to be air sick in a helicopter because it’s smaller then a plane.

1930

Italian engineer Corradino D’Ascanio made the D’AT3. It held records for

1925

1924

14 April, Étienne Oehmichen from France set the first helicopter world record. He flew his helicopter for 360 meters. On 18 April, Argentine Raúl Pateras-Pescara de Castelluccio beat Oemichen’s record. He flew for a distance of 736 meters (nearly a half mile) in 4 minutes and 11 seconds at a height of six feet (1.8 meters). On 4 May, Oehmichen set the first 1km closed-circuit helicopter flight in 7 minutes 40 seconds with his No. 2 machine

1933

Albert Gillis von Baumhauer, a Dutch aeronautical engineer’s first prototype “flew” (“hopped” and hovered in reality.)

1928

Hungarian engineer Oszkár Asbóth built a helicopter that took off and landed at least 182 times, with a maximum single flight duration of 53 minutes.

altitude (18 m or 59 ft), duration (8 minutes 45 seconds) and

Russian Nicolas Florine built the first twin tandem rotor machine. It flew at the Laboratoire Aérotechnique de Belgique (now von Karman Institute) and reached an altitude of six meters (20 ft) for eight minutes.

distance flown (1,078 m or 3,540 ft) The controls were later used by other helicopter designers.

1933

The Bréguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire was built. After many ground tests and an accident, it took flight on 26 June 1935. In a short time the aircraft was setting records with pilot Maurice Claisse at the controls.

1935

On 14 December, Florine set a record for closed-circuit flight with a 500-meter (1,600 ft) diameter. The next year Claisse set a height record of 158 meters (520 ft). Finally, on 24 November 1936, he set a flight record of one hour, two minutes and 5 seconds over a 44 kilometre (27 mi) closed circuit at 44.7 kilometres per hour (27.8 mph). The age of the Helicopter was real.


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OUR PLANET

WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING? Global warming is the increase of Earth’s average surface temperature due to greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide emissions from burning fossil fuels or from deforestation, which trap heat that would otherwise escape from Earth These problems are all probably caused by humans. There is more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere today than in the last 800,000 years. More than half of the temperature rises have happened since 1980 with 90% of the warming occurring in the oceans.

The sea levels are rising, causing severe damage to homes, communities, animals and people’s lives.

GLOBAL WARMING MEANS MORE HEAT-WAVES!

GLOBAL WARMING AFFECTS ANIMALS AND PLANTS Think of all the wildlife that is dying out, like polar bears, for instance. If global temperature continues to rise at the current rate, 20 to 30 percent of plant and animal life will at risk of going extinct. Think about chocolate. It might become harder and harder to get because of the shortage of cocoa pods and plants, which is where chocolate comes from. Would you like it if that happened?

Heat waves caused by global warming present greater risk of heat-related illness and death, most frequently among patients of diabetes who are elderly or very young. People will get heat rash, dermatitis, heatstroke as a rules of a few degrees of higher temperatures. Heat-waves could even cause the world to set alight!


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FIGHT BACK You can take steps to reduce the risks that come with climate change. You don’t have to wait for grown ups to do it all.

STORMS, FLOODING AND DROUGHTS Global warming could cause even more extreme floods. Since 1870, global sea levels have risen by about eight inches. Global warming could cause tropical storms that will destroy property and the countryside. Storms will become more violent and extreme, which will make it harder for countries to cope.

MORE ILLNESS Warmer temperatures could increase the concentrations of unhealthy air and water. Young children, older adults, people with medical conditions, and the poor are more vulnerable to heat-related illness. As the climate changes the amount of pollution in the air causes plants to produce more pollen. These two things combine to make breathing harder for people, especially for people with breathing problems like asthma. More children have asthma now than in previous generations.

Walking or cycling to school is one way, and it can even improve your health! You can also get involved in your community to support energy efficiency. Recycle newspapers, bottles, paper, and other goods as much as possible. You can start to win this war through simple actions like changing a light bulb, powering down electronics, and using less water. Things you use every day use energy. The lights, the TV and computer use electricity. The washing machine, dishwasher and dryer all use gas or electricity. Every time you ride in a car, it uses petrol or diesel. Every little bit counts.


26

HEALTH

Hand Hygiene Helps Expert cleaner, Kevin McKenzie, explains why it is important to keep your hands clean.

The word Hygiene comes from the Latin word hygieina which means healthy. Hygiene is all of the things we do to protect our health through cleanliness.

Antiseptic: preventing the growth of disease causing micro-organisms.

Lime: a substance that has calcium oxide.

For generations, washing hands with soap and water has been considered a measure of personal hygiene. The idea of cleaning hands with an antiseptic agent emerged in the early 19th century. In1822, a French pharmacist showed that a mixture of lime or soda could take away foul smells and could be used to kill germs.

Germs and bacteria that cause illnesses are invisible to the naked eye. They are spread from person-to-person by touching everyday surfaces. Poor hygiene will lead to illness. Illness can lead to not being able to study or work as well as normally. This can lead to problems for everybody. Its so important to have clean hands. There is a right way to wash your hands. Ideally, wash your hands for at least 20 seconds. Hand sanitizers can be used when there is no water available.

Germs: tiny organisms which cause disease.


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Use enough soap to cover the surface of your hands

Rub your hands from palm to palm

Interlock your fingers, one hand on top of the other and rub forward and backwards

Interlock your fingers with your hands palm to palm and rub

hold the backs of your fingers in your palms and rub

Rub your thumbs in a rotational way, back and forth

Rub your palms with your fingers with a circular motion.

Hand Hygiene Facts Since our hands are responsible for the spread of 80% of common infectious diseases, effective hand hygiene continues to be universally recognised as the smartest, most cost effective means of infection control. Hands are the single most effective method of spreading germs, yet over half of all workers do not know the basics of hand washing

A p p ro x i m a t e l y

The average

of construction workers

time is less

65 percent

and 47 percent than 10 seconds of office workers wash their hands

less than five times a day. At least 40 percent of workers do not

wash their hands

long enough to protect against the

Rinse your hands, dry them properly and turn off the tap using a towel.

hand washing

spread of germs

Vital areas where

germs are commonly

found are under

fingernails and

on the backs of hands


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FOOD

Home of the ever wonder why it’s called a Hamburger? Or, when it was invented? Why would a sandwich be named after a town in Germany? Fast food is the name of food that is prepared and served very quickly. It was first used in the United States in the 1950’s

The hamburger as we know it most likely first appeared at the end of the late 19th or early in the 20th century, between 1885 and 1904 when life was changing quickly and people had less time to cook and eat meals. Americans say they were the first people to put two slices of bread and a piece of ground beef into a sandwich, but the two main ingredients, bread and beef, had been around for many years before their combination. So, naturally, the rest of world disagrees with their claim. Perhaps they were the first to add the now typically characteristic trimmings, onions, lettuce, and sliced pickles. Whatever the case, the burger is now identified with the United States and fast food. Along with fried chicken and apple pie, the hamburger has become synonymous with the United States. The hamburger’s other ingredient, bread, has often been used to accompany other foods.

The battery, the telephone, blue jeans and Coca Cola were all invented in this time.

There is evidence bread was made 30,000 years ago in Europe


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Hamburg is a port city in Northern Germany. It’s coordinates are 53°33”55’N 10°00”05’E

John Montagu 4th Earl of Sandwich, was a British statesman who succeeded his grandfather, Edward Montagu, 3rd Earl of Sandwich, as the Earl of Sandwich in 1729, at the age of ten.

The sandwich was given its name around the year 1765 in honour of the English aristocrat John Montagu, the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who preferred to eat sandwiches so that he could play cards without dirty fingers. Many Europeans left from the port city of Hamburg in Germany for new lives in America.

g e r m a n y

Perhaps they brought the first Hamburgers. Or maybe the first Hamburger sandwich was made by people to welcome their new neighbours. Over the following century, the hamburger and fast food have spread throughout the world.

Ask your grown up to help. Keep your hands clean. This recipe makes four burgers.

Ingredients 500g ground beef 1 egg, beaten 3/4 cup bread crumbs 3 tablespoons evaporated milk 2 cloves of garlic, minced 2 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce Cayenne pepper to taste

In the late 19th century, a company called The Hamburg America Line connected European ports with North American ports, such as Hoboken, New Jersey, or New Orleans, Louisiana.

Make your own hamburger

1 2 3 4

Directions Preheat grill for high heat.

In a large bowl, mix the ground beef, egg, bread crumbs, evaporated milk, Worcestershire sauce, cayenne pepper, and garlic with your hands.

Shape the mixture into four hamburger patties.

Lightly oil the grill grate. Grill patties 5 minutes each side, or until well done.


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LANGUAGES

Hello World! There are about 6,500 spoken languages in the world today. About 2,000 of those languages have fewer than 1,000 speakers. The most spoken language in the world is Mandarin Chinese. 1,213,000,000 people in the world that speak that language. But how do they all say and write ‘Hello’. Here are a few ways. If you know any other ways, use the space below write them down in your best handwriting.

Kalimera! {Kali-meh-ra} Greek (Greece)

Selam! {Se-lam} Amharic (Ethiopia)

Bonjour! {Bonz-hur!} French (France)


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Kiaora! {Kia -ora} Maori (New Zealand)

Aloha! {A-lo-ha} Hawaiian (Hawaii)

Ni Hao! {Nee -how} Mandarin Chinese (China)

Dydd da! {Dydd-da} Welsh (Wales)

Pictures from “Hello World”, Greetings in 42 Languages Around the Globe by Manya Stojic Published by Boxer Books


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STORY

There once was a lonely couple, who wanted to have a child. They lived next to a witch with a walled garden. They hardly ever saw her but they knew she was there. The Brothers Grimm first published Rapunzel in 1812 as part of their Children’s and Household Tales. Their story is an adaptation of the fairy tale ‘Persinette’ by Charlotte-Rose de Caumont de La Force, originally published in 1698. Rapunzel’s story has striking similarities to the 10th-century AD Persian tale of Rudāba, who offers to let down her hair from her tower so that her lover Zāl can climb up to her. Parts of the story might also have originally been based upon the seventh century tale of Saint Barbara, who was said to have been locked in a tower by her father.

In time the wife realised she was going to have a baby and their spirits lifted. Every day felt fresh and new. Weeks went by and the wife started to have cravings for particular food, as is sometimes the case when pregnant. One afternoon while she was upstairs in the bedroom, she noticed a Rapunzel plant growing in the garden over the wall. Rapunzel is another name for Lamb’s lettuce. She suddenly felt that she wanted those leaves, above all else. She was desperate to the point of tears. She moaned and nagged her husband until he agreed one night, to climb the wall and grab a bunch of Rapunzel for her. She ate it all up in a flash. But it didn’t satisfy her craving. So, she moaned and nagged her husband once more until he agreed to climb the wall and grab another bunch of Rapunzel. As he was about to return home, the witch, Dame Gothel caught

him red handed. Her eyes wide, she shouted in an unearthly voice “Thief! You will never see your wife and unborn child again.” He begged for mercy, poor man. He explained that had craving ad that the leaves helped to to calm down. He begged, and begged again. He hadn’t noticed her eyes go even wider when she heard that his wife was with child. Putting on her kindest voice, she suddenly agreed to let him go and not to report him, but on one condition; That the unborn child should be given to her at birth. The husband was beside himself. But he didn’t want to be turned into something nasty or slimy, so he agreed. Months went by. The husband and wife soon began to feel more excited than scared as the day of the birth drew closer. They had not seen the witch since that terrifying night.


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But no sooner had a beautiful baby girl been born, when there were three chilling knock, knock, knocks at their door. Dame Gothel had come to collect and there was noting they could do. Gothel disappeared after then and raised the baby girl as her own. She cruelly named her Rapunzel, after the plant her mother craved. Rapunzel grew up to be the most beautiful child in the world with long golden hair. But when she turned her sixteen Dame Gothel took her into the forest and shut her away in a tower in the thickest part of the woods. The tower had neither stairs nor a door, and only one room and one window. Whenever she visited Rapunzel, Gothel stood beneath the tower, filled her lungs and called out: “Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your hair, so that I may climb the golden stair”. Rapunzel would wrap her long hair around a hook beside the window and drop it all the way down to Dame Gothel, who could then climb up the hair to Rapunzel’s tower room. One day, a prince was riding through the forest. He heard

singing from somewhere high up and was entranced. Following his ears, he searched until he discovered the tower. Looking up he saw the window, but could not find a door. He returned almost every day to listen to her beautiful singing. One day saw Dame Gothel at the foot of the tower and heard her call out to Rapunzel. When Gothel had gone, he went to the tower, filled his lungs with breath and called out, “Rapunzel, Rapunzel, let down your hair, so that I may climb the golden stair” He climbed up the hairy rope. After Rapunzel had gotten over the shock of seeing a man for the first time, they two talked most of the night and every night after then.

The world’s longest documented hair belongs to Xie Qiuping (China) at 5.627 m (18 ft 5.54 in) when measured on 8 May 2004.


34

STORY

Eventually the prince asked Rapunzel to marry him. They planned her escape. Each night he brought Rapunzel a piece of silk, which she used to gradually weave into a ladder. But one day, she foolishly gave the prince away. In a moment of forgetfulness she asked Dame Gothel why it was easier for her to draw up the prince than her. She didn’t see Gothel’s eyes get bigger when she realised she had been tricked. In a rage, she cut Rapunzel’s hair and cast her out into the wilderness. “You will never see that man again!” She boomed in an unearthly voice. The prince arrived that night as usual. Dame Gothel let the long rope of hair down to haul him up. As he got to the window he found himself staring at Gothel instead of Rapunzel, who was nowhere to be found.

“You will never see Rapunzel again”, she said, her eyes wider than ever. The prince leapt from the tower in despair and was blinded by the thorny bushes below.

For months, he blindly wandered through the badlands with a broken heart. Eventually he came to the wilderness where Rapunzel lived. One day, as she sang while fetching water, he heard her voice again. When they fell into each other’s arms, her tears immediately restore his sight and his touch magically grew back her hair. He took her back to his kingdom, where they live happily ever after.

As for Gothel, she was in such a rage when she untied Rapunzel’s braid after the prince leapt from the tower. It slipped from her hands and landed far below, leaving her trapped in the tower forever.


TRY IT

Photography Art or Science? Photography is a wonderful art. Or is it a science? This question has been asked since it was invented in the 1830’s. Or was it? Before photographs could be made into pictures that you could hang on the wall or send to a friend, there was something rather fun called a Camera Obscura which means, in Latin, “dark room”. Many great artists used this technique to help them with their drawing, either by tracing or copying the projected image.

Light travelled through a tiny hole in a large box, and whatever was outside the box could be seen, upside down, on the surface opposite to the hole.

The first real photograph was made in 1825 by Nicéphore Niépce who had spent considerable time working out how to actually preserve the image being projected. It took 8 hours! Could you sit still for that long? I thought not. The actual term “Photography” came along a few years later, in 1839 when Sir John Herschel refined Niépce’s method a little and named it from the Greek for “fos”

meaning light and “grafo” to write. I think “writing with light” is a beautiful way to describe photography and something to always bear in mind when using photography to create art. Louis Daguerre came up with a process in 1839 that had it down to a mere few minutes.

Would you sit still for 15 minutes? I thought not! But this was the first time detailed photographs had been seen and it must have been a very exciting thing to witness. Then hot on his heels along came William Henry Fox Talbot who had been working on his own image preserving techniques. His process enabled pictures to be captured in seconds. Could you sit still for 2 seconds? Maybe! And what’s more, many prints could be made of the image. And so the fun began. Artists used photography to enhance their work and it became an art in itself. It’s evolution has continued with our digital revolution and has become something

that might enthral its inventors. You even have multi-tasking gadgets on which you chat to friends, take pictures and you don’t need to sit still at all! Because of the speed with which you can now record an image, it’s only too easy to forget about the art of the process which can be absorbing and rewarding. So I’m suggesting you get out there with any kind of camera you have access to and look around. Slow down and remember; writing with light. Let the science of photography enable you to make your own artwork which in time will also be a piece of history.

Send us your favourite photo and you might just see it in print.

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36

REVIEW

Minikid by Michael

Morpurgo. Illustrated by Faye Hanson They called him Minikid, and mini he was. Wherever he goes, trouble follows!

Street Children by

Anthony Robinson and June Allen is the second part of an ongoing project to give a voice to the voiceless. The first book, Refugee Stories tells the stories of four children in the UK seeking asylum. The series has had great acclaim.

What we like: the simple design, letting the photos tell the story. £12.99 (UK) $19.99 (US)

The description of the story on the back cover is short and to the point, just like the story. Michael Morppurgo is one of the UK’s best loved authors and a former children’s laureate. Minikid is the latest of a trio of countryside adventures.

Made By Raffi by

Craig Pomranz and illustrated by Margaret Chamberlain Raffi is a shy boy who decides to make a scarf for his dad’s birthday, even though the other children think its ‘girly’ to knit. Craig Pomranz is an internationally acclaimed singer writing about the real RaffiRaphael McCarrol Swan and his family.

What we Like; The way the book successfully tackles the tricky subject of being different. £12.99 (UK) $18.99 (US)

Little Gems Dyslexia friendly books from Barrington Stoke publishers. What we Like; These chunky little gems are tested on children by children. The high quality books are designed to be easier for dyslexic children to read with simple well laid out text and yellow paper. www.barringtonstoke.co.uk

£5.99 (UK)

The Moonshine Dragon by Cornelia

Funke. Illustrated by Monica Armińo

When a tiny silver dragon is chased out of Patrick’s storybook by an equally tiny knight all sorts of mayhem breaks loose! Cornelia Funke is the best selling, award winning author of the Inkheart books. £5.99 (UK)

Sponsor a single copy of chicken for only £3. Sponsor a class of copies for £90 and help keep chicken free for schools. www.chickennewspaper.com/sponsor


COMPUTERS

e-Learning in other parts of the World

Computers are not only for the latest cool games, or for watching video. Once you start to use computer to help you learn the universe is your limit. Computing is always changing. How can school children, teachers and workers keep up-todate with the change? E-learning, (electronic learning means using a computer for part, or all of a course. E-learning is soon to be a big part of the classroom as the new Computing curriculum comes into force in UK primary and secondary schools in September. Learners can take their lessons over the internet and have the choice of when, where and how to fit it into their lives outside school.

Lessons typically last from 20-50 minutes and are filled with rich, interactive material like graphics, videos and sound. Students can learn at their own pace. Teachers are getting ready to inspire young people using normal and new digital methods side by side. Some teachers are using e-learning courses to help them make complex coding and computer science engaging to their students.

There are some problems which need to be carefully watched. Children who are always using their smart phones or tablet computers will need to learn how to control themselves. E-learning is a good way to help pupils see their devices in a different and more practical way. So, are you “Ready for E-learning” yet? Hopefully, you soon will be! Karen Hill karen@nickshot.co.uk www.nickshot.co.uk

Find out ore about e-learning:

www.e-learningforkids.org.uk

www.bbc.co.uk/learning/subjects/ children’s learning.shtml

www.teachingtimes.com/zone/elearning-update.htm

www.mathsisfun.com

In Zambia, there is often no electricity in the countryside. But the villages that have power are rushing to connect to the internet. At Sina Malima Primary School the lives of the children in all grades have greatly improved through e-leaning. Electricity came to the area only in 2011, but since then, the school has started an e-learning centre. Pupils improved quite quickly, because of the visual aids that they were able to see on television sets and computers. Head Teacher Mr. Lubinda said. “This equipment is used mainly for the learners in lower grades; those learning how to read and pronounce words as well as the science demonstrations for senior grades.”

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A LITTLE DRAMA Sylvia Cohen trained at Guildhall School of Music and Drama. She has also worked as a creative producer for Shakespeare’s

Globe, The Soho Theatre and The ICA. Sylvia runs fun, effective classes, workshops and summer camps in theatre games,

improvisation, storytelling, creative movement, voice and text work. info@sylviacohencommuication.com

way we stand. Perhaps we think it makes us look cool or confident? Sometimes it is because we might be doing ballet, or a sport which changes the shape and movement of our body. All of these tensions affect the way we stand (our posture). This affects how much breath we take in to our lungs and stomach and this in turn affects how loud and free we can make our voices.

A Little Drama:

H is for Hoarse

How many teachers have a hoarse, sore throat by Friday afternoon?

We are all born with very loud, free voices and a way of breathing which can support this. The power of the breath enables us to make sound. (Have you noticed that before making a sound you always have to take breath?) If you have a baby brother, sister or cousin you may have noticed they can cry, even scream, for hours and never lose their voices. This is because they have no tension in their bodies. They use their whole breathing system to make sound. They breathe in, all the way to the back of their lungs and into their tummies. Tensions in our bodies are mainly caused by three things: Emotional stress Have you ever noticed what

happens to your shoulders if somebody shouts at you? When we are under pressure or upset our muscles normally get much tighter, over a lot of years these tensions can build up and stay in our bodies. Our environment Have you ever noticed how your body reacts when you’re standing in a field or a on a sandy beach? It is much more relaxed. Cities can create tension in our bodies. Even walking on a concrete pavement instead of grass or sand gives us tight knees, which gives us a tight jaw, which will affect the way we breathe and speak. Physical habits Watch the way toddlers move and you will notice they have very straight but relaxed spines and they always bend their knees when they pick something up. As we get older we change the

Most children have naturally got much louder voices than grownups as they have less tension in their bodies. Imagine how hard it is for teachers who have to be heard over thirty children! When you are using your whole breathing system and your jaws and shoulders aren’t tense, you can have a very loud voice without shouting or feeling any tension in your throat. A croaky voice is almost always caused by pushing the voice. This means instead of letting the sound start all the way down in the tummy, we try to make the sound of our voice louder by pushing the sound in our throats. This causes shouting which is very loud for a short time, but it uses a lot of energy and hurts your throat making it hoarse. It is also much harder to listen to someone who is shouting. Sometimes people shout not because they’re angry but because it’s the only way they think they can be heard. With a little help everyone can reconnect with the fantastic voice they were born with.


SPONSOR A CHICKEN

Thank you for keeping this issue of chicken! free in schools

Voice and drama coaching for children and adults s ylv info@

n.c o m nicatio u m m en c o i ac o h

Helping to Shape Futures www.theshapeof.com

ADAMS Your partner in law

Kunal Vyas kunalvyas@euroandertons.com

San Chima sChima@adamslaw.co.uk

John Sreetharan john@mymedia-uk.com

Sofia Bune Strandh sofia@solakitchen.com

Adam Kingshott adam@spectrumpress.co.uk

the

Klean Team

Kevin McKenzie kevin@theKleanteam.co.uk

Paul Harrison The Shape paul@theshape.com Laszlo Daragics laszlo@l0lbuilders.com

Patricia Borlenghi patriciaborlenghi@gmail.com

Chris Singer Singer Financial Trust ifa@singerfinancialtrust.co.uk Maurice Akueme Mexol Accounting maurice@mexol-accounts.co.uk

Tony Cornwell tony@envo-care.com

Dean Rolfe Dean.Rolfe@sedcom.net

Bernette Ford Color Bridge Books

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40

HEROES

is a newspaper for people in primary school, their teachers and parents to use and enjoy. We have someting interesting in each issue for all ages in primary school, from Reception to Year Six. is published every term in your local neighbourhood.

A Hairy Hero 5 year old Alessandra Shohet, known to her friends as Aless, is a hairy hero! This young lady from Clapham, South London, wants to raise money for children with cancer.

On Thursday 3rd of July, 2014, the amazing Aless will cut 10 inches off her hair and donate it to Little Princess Trust who make lwigs for children. Each little wig costs approximately £2000.

Aless has had experience with sickness and death after the family cat died from a cancerous tumor. She had also lost her grandmother to the same disease. She remembered how her gran had lost her hair during cancer treatment.

She has already raised almost £800. Naturally, mother, Carla Shohet is vry proud mum out there. “My little princess has a big heart of gold,”

Long haired Aless decided that she wanted to give her hair to sick children. She said “I want to give them my hair so they can play hairdresser like me and be happy again” Aless loves her Rapunzel length hair even though its had to look after, but she believes making others happy is more important

If you want to support Aless please get in touch, at http:// www.justgiving.com/Aless

We’d like to talk to business, schools about and how they can help kep the newspaper free inside schools. If you want to find out more about us, or if you simply want to make a comment, visit our website;

www.chickennewspaper.com

Or, send an email with your questions to;

info@chickennewspaper.com

Or get intouch through our Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn pages.

Other ways to contact Carla and Aless are: Email: carla_shohet@yahoo.co.uk Telephone: 07525739902 Twitter: @Bettyboop

© 2014 Design Tribe Ltd

Chicken newspaper Summer 2014  

chicken newspaper for children, summer issue. Print edition is out July 7. This quarterly newspaper is free to Primary schools, with the kin...

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