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THE ARROWHEAD Waukee High School • 555 University Avenue • Waukee, Iowa 50263 • Volume 25, Edition 5 • January, 2018

Letter from the editor The arrowhead staff

Dana Aguilar Allison Baty* Noah Bradley Lauren Chambers Grace Culbertson* Marissa Garton Kaitlyn Harris Stephen Holko

Maddie Huntley* Ben Jordison Macy Kennedy Debashish Koirala Haven Lackey Zoe Lenart Claire Petersen Sydney Peterson

Evan Phillips Amelia Roberts Lydia Shelton Gaby Shepard Bowen Siberz Andrew Tobey Nancy Tran Aliya Warth

Josh Wente Felicia Williams* * Editors Advisor: Kent Peterson

Cover Photo taken by Andrew Tobey

Dear readers, Our staff has had days of late nights and several hours of work to put together this latest edition of The Arrowhead. I have to admit, our editions are not always 100% flawless, but that does not mean we do not spend days staring at our computer screens just to make sure it is to our highest of standards. We care a lot about this paper and want to continue to create and produce what we are passionate about. An opportunity exists for readers to assist us in covering the $700 cost of the Arrowhead and have fun in the process! That being said, you can purchase a 1/16th page ad in the February edition to either give a shoutout to your sweetheart or a good friend. For just $5 (or $7 if you’d like to add a picture with the text), you can help support your school newspaper and give a friend some schoolwide recognition for being awesome. For more information, the guidelines and request form, go to Email all materials to or print form and picture and bring to room 602. Email with any questions! Thanks for reading! Grace Culbertson, Print Editor


Be a part of our 2018-19 staff!

Enjoy collaborating with students on products seen throughout Waukee? Interested in photography/videography? Interested in writing and web design? Earn English credits and immerse yourself in Publications! For more information, stop by Room 602 and talk to any of the students editors or Mr. Peterson!

Tweets of the month

How does global warming affect winter? As the holidays come to an end, winter still blasts on at full force. Yet, the strength of the season seems to be depleting, doesn’t it? Winds still blow just as strong, but the bite from the cold just isn’t there anymore. Snow still falls, but it doesn’t stay on the ground long enough to create magnificent snow mountains. Is Jack Frost on vacation, or is there a looming, more dangerous reason? Or maybe you’ve noticed the sudden drop in temperature and extreme snowfall sweeping the nation? Does this mean global warming really is just a hoax? Global warming has been the controversial subject of countless arguments for the last decade at least. The issue gets thrown back and forth and back again, scientists and skeptics constantly at each other’s throats. But in recent years, the arguments seem to be dying down because of the immense amount of evidence that supports global warming. Yet, even with people who agree that global warming is happening, new questions are being asked about the issue. Is it a man-made thing? How did it start? Can we even stop it? Will this not be worth it in the long run because of the amount of money we’re spending? New discussions are emerging about the science of global warming and what to do about it, not whether it’s real or a fraud. And still, while the majority of the populations agrees that global warming is happening, some skeptics press on, challenging the science by calling climate change fake or a hoax. Let’s not forget when Senator Jim Inhofe brought a snowball onto the senate floor to try and disprove the issue, saying, “It’s very, very cold out. Very unseasonable.” He made these statements during February of 2015.

There is a big difference between climate and weather.

The first thing skeptics need to understand is that just because it is cold in the winter, does not mean climate change is not happening. They are using the weather as an argument. Weather is the short term changes that come and go with the seasons. There is a big difference between climate and weather. It is cold in February because of the weather. Climate is the long term trends that affect large areas. The climate of the desert is hot and humid, and the climate of the Arctic is cold and windy.

opinion and layout by: amelia roberts

The climate of the earth is being affected because of the warming of the earth. Because of this, the weather can be changed, but at a much slower rate. We are seeing record high summers with heat waves and droughts. But how does this affect winter?

Everything is much more extreme because of the dangerous mixture of moisture and heat in the air.

When the air is warmer, it holds more moisture. Because of the trapped heat in the atmosphere, more water is being evaporated and held in the sky. During the winter, if it’s warm enough, it obviously won’t snow. But when it does get cold enough and the excess moisture in the air is released, the snowfall is much, much more intense than normal. This causes strong blizzards and ice storms. This trend is seen in many other weather events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, and even just normal rainfall. Everything is much more extreme because of the dangerous mixture of moisture and heat in the air. Even with all the sudden blizzards and ice storms sweeping through the United States, skeptics still try and use that as an excuse to disprove global warming. Though, it seems they’re ignoring the rest of the world. It is called global warming for a reason. The world is experiencing record heat while North America seems to be getting hit with all the cold. They can’t just ignore other countries and only focus on what kind of weather they’re experiencing. Yes, we are getting hit with all the extreme cold weather, but that does not mean global warming isn’t happening. Take a look at some other countries and notice the droughts, heat waves, and extreme weather. Keep an open mind and look beyond your front door. Whether it’s snow or sun, rain or blue sky, hurricane or windy, global warming is affecting weather and climate all around the world. Even when you can see your breath and your toes are freezing, it doesn’t mean that global warming is taking a break. It’s still there, and it’s still a big problem. Enjoy the snowy days while they last, because you never know when they might disappear.


Copy, illustration and Layout by: Felicia Williams

On October 15th, 2017, Alyssa Milano tweeted a message to her followers on social media that would set fire to a trend in countries all around the globe. “If you’ve been sexually harassed or assaulted, write ‘me too.’” The meaning behind the tweet, according to Milano, was that she wanted to call attention to a problem. “If all the women who had been sexually harassed or assaulted wrote ‘me too’ as a status, we might give people a sense of the magnitude of the problem,” quoted a photo tweeted out with her plea. Milano’s followers responded to her tweet using those two words as a foundation for what they wanted to tell the world. Milano continued responding to messages and encouraging other women to step forth. “[It causes] too much heartache,” Milano stated on the topic of assault. “There are no words.” #MeToo began with Alyssa Milano three months ago, but the idea of Me Too began more than ten years ago with Tarana Burke. “It’s not about a viral campaign for me,” Burke told CNN. “It’s about a movement [which began in] the deepest, darkest place in my soul.” Burke’s call to action began years ago while she worked as a camp director in 1996. When a young girl pulled Burke aside and asked to speak

about her experience with sexual assault. “This child…struggled to tell me,” Burke recalled. “I was horrified by her words, the emotions welling inside of me ran the gamut, and I listened until I literally could not take it anymore…” Burke noted that as badly as she wanted to help, she felt she was far from qualified. As a result, she had to turn the girl away to find somebody else to talk to. Burke worried that being rejected once would scare the girl away from talking to somebody again, but had worried more about handling the situation in the wrong way or pretending to know what to do. Assault survivors need somebody who knows what to do, and somebody who’s emotionally prepared to help them deal with the journey ahead of them. It wasn’t easy to find that ten years ago. The movement is also a way to help educate survivors and allow them to heal. Many feel guilty for their trauma; Me Too attempts to help victims understand their emotions and begin to recover from their experiences. Abusers reportedly use gaslighting, a form of emotional abuse where the abuser manipulates situations repeatedly to trick the victim into distrusting their own memory. This often comes in the form of expressions such as ‘you’re hurting my reputation’, or insisting that the victim must have been asking for the harassment in some way or another. “Me Too” began as a movement to help young women of color

who had survived sexual assault. The statement is intended to rally a cry of ‘I’m not ashamed,’ and ‘we aren’t alone.’ It’s meant to help survivors understand that they aren’t alone. It allowed them to create an environment and a community where they would be able to find others who had survived what they’d been through, allowing them to connect, find help, and be less alone through it all. Burke recalled how it began with young people, but how she realized adults needed that support, too. “When you experience trauma and meet other people that have a similar experience…it creates a bond.” Milano credits Burke with the creation of ‘Me Too,’ but is the creator of the 2017 version of the community-#MeToo. Within 24 hours of the creation of the movement, 4.7 million people around the world had already took part in the “me too” conversation, and had created more than 12 million posts. According to Burke, the issue of sexual assault didn’t start with the Me Too movement. It is a problem that has always been around, though many were unwilling to look at it is such. According to Alexander Bard, “[a] survey shows that 45% of Swedish men believe that the #MeToo campaign has gone too far.” As the number of accusations coming to light grows, however, more and more people are beginning to see the movement as what Milano intended for it to be: a potential solution being offered up to the problem at hand. Many popular faces in media, such as Reese Witherspoon, Angelina Jolie, and Lady Gaga, also opened up about their own stories. Many members of the growing community of those who have spoken

out urge others to realize that while the populace of survivors is mostly female, women are not the only ones who face sexual assault. Javier Muñoz, a member of the cast of Hamilton the Musical, is credited with starting a social media movement to recognize other minority groups who have faced this same issue. “Me too,” he wrote on October 15th, 2017, speaking about his own experiences. “I don’t know if it means anything coming from a gay man, but it’s happened. Multiple times.” In fact, the male-exclusion in the movement is one of the many criticisms towards Milano’s growing trend. Those opposed argued that Milano’s approach made it even harder for male victims to come forth, because even though women and minorities are at the most risk, male victims have always existed right alongside them. Milano is under a degree of fire for her implications that sexual assault always consists of a male perpetrator and a female victim—a stereotype that can be damaging to victims when this isn’t the case. Another criticism towards Milano is that her ideas place the weight onto the shoulders of the victims, rather than those who assaulted them in the first place. “Why are we still demanding that women out themselves as survivors, again and again and again, rather than demanding that men out themselves as abusers?” Heather Jo Flores critiqued. “[…] Men, it’s not our job to keep reminding you. Remind each other, and stop abusing.” #MeToo has made stunning progress in the time span of only four months. While #MeToo was popular from the start, the movement took off worldwide when actress Ashley

Judd spoke to Time Magazine about her own experience with sexual assault. Her accusations against Harvey Weinstein didn’t go unheard, and in what felt like no time at all, #MeToo wasn’t just circulating throughout Milano’s social circles anymore. Time Magazine has named their 2017 person of the year the Silence Breakers—a title for all those who have been brave enough to speak out about their own assault and abuse to the world. #MeToo was swiftly adapted into #YoTambien, #Ana_kaman, #BalanceTonPorc (expose your pig), #quellavoltache (that time), and many others for those who weren’t from primarily English-speaking countries. Some are admitting that #MeToo seemed like a fairly obvious concept in hindsight, and are shocked that nobody thought of anything like this sooner. Megyn Kelly, an American journalist and political commentator, has publicly spoken about the movement several times. “What if we did complain?” Kelly has proposed. “What if we didn’t whine, but we spoke our truth in our strongest voices and insisted that those around us did better? What if that worked to change reality right now?” Kelly has since noted that it feels more like a promise than a certainty at the moment, but for now is resting assured that the world is beginning to listen. The movement is still young, however, and within its angriest state. Many who reason that it’s hard

to make progress while anger is the rawest emotion in the air. Those who support the movement have offered up many proposed steps to their ideal society: police criminal acts, discouragement of inappropriate and destructive behavior, and “fair and just punishment” are several of these proposed enforcements. It is often assumed that everybody shares the same amount of general knowledge when it comes to sexual harassment, assault, and abuse. Often times, those issues are viewed as ‘faraway’: people assume that it’s not going to be a part of the lives of anybody close to them, much less their own. Those who have faced these issues, and haven’t had a community to connect to, often think that they’re alone, and that nobody else would understand. Often times even those who have faced only minor sexual harassment assume that they’re being over-dramatic; that they shouldn’t say anything, because it’s not a big deal, and because nobody else is saying anything. #MeToo intends to put a stop to those stereotypes by educating not just those who have already experienced harassment, but those who haven’t as well. More than 17,700,000 women have reported a sexual assault since 1998. #MeToo is only a modernized version of the struggle that women have been speaking about for decades; it is the the medium for Silence Breakers to break the silence with.


opinions by: Lauren Chambers and Aliya Warth graphic by: Dana Aguilar

Iowa’s Mental Health Crisis: How does it affect you?

Governor Kim Reynolds is hoping to implement a tax cut in Iowa budget next year, but it will likely be at the expense of Iowa children. Iowa’s education budget is already suffering, but on top of that, Iowa’s mental health program needs serious help. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, 20% of teens deal with serious mental health issues in high school. At Waukee High School, that translates to roughly 380 students who need serious help, but Iowa is not the easiest place to get it. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness and the Treatment Advocacy Center, Iowa ranks one of the lowest in the nation for mental health services. Former Governor Branstad closed down two of Iowa’s four mental health hospitals when he was in office. In addition to shutting down treatment centers, Branstad slashed the general mental health budget, creating more hurdles for Iowans seeking treatment. Iowa has only two remaining mental health hospitals for people struggling with mental illnesses, also known as beds per 100,000 people, compared to the 50 beds recommended by the Treatment Advocacy Center. That puts Iowa dead last in the country. Roughly 600,000 Iowans live with mental illness and the issue will not be going away anytime soon. It is time for someone to do something about it because Iowa’s mental health crisis affects every community, including Waukee. “My whole life was upturned,” said

“There was nothing in Iowa that would provide what I needed for my mental state.” sophomore Jayla Joseph. Joseph is one of the hundreds of Iowans who cross state lines to get mental health treatment every year. Joseph was diagnosed with Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Clinical Depression in the beginning of 2016. When Joseph started experiencing mental illness

in her freshman year and attempted to receive help, she was denied coverage by her insurance provider. Her provider, Wellmark Blue Cross and Blue Shield insurance company, only gives coverage for eating disorders in extreme emergencies. In most plans, mental disorders such as anxiety and eating disorders are excluded from coverage. This means Joseph got no professional medical help for her eating disorder until January 2016, when she, who was extremely malnourished and unable to walk, was hospitalized and finally promised coverage. For others with a serious mental illness,

“I’m not gonna be okay when I get out, can I please stay?” that could be too late. Joseph needed much more help than a short-term stay that the hospital could provide, and Iowa currently has no treatment centers for eating disorders and none that the Joseph’s insurance would have covered. “There was nothing in Iowa that would provide what I needed for my mental state,” said Joseph. With few options left for treatment, the Josephs packed up their lives and moved to Minnesota to get help from Emily’s Program, a residential treatment center for eating disorders. Joseph says the program saved her life, and her condition has much improved since then. The truth is, Iowans with no insurance or a low income would not have the resources to make that trip or get treatment. Even after returning to Waukee, Joseph’s journey is far from over. Joseph says her mental health is “still a huge struggle even though it’s definitely much better now that I got help.” The transition back to school was especially hard coming from another state with another curriculum. Joseph explained the transition from intensive care back to regular school life was extremely stressful and difficult, but it was

definitely worth it to better her health. Joseph’s life is forever affected by her mental illnesses, but they do not define who she is. Thank to Emily’s Program and the efforts of the Minnesota congress, though Joseph still struggles, she is doing better and feeling brighter. Long-term care facilities can be the last hope for families of loved ones with mental illnesses. They provide intense care that cannot be given in hospitals or at school, and they can end up saving lives. Governor Reynolds seems to have few actual plans for mentally ill Iowans, but she can be seen on TV saying that “Every single Iowan, no matter where they live, will have access to the same core services,” As far as basic treatment and help provided to Iowans, this statement simply is not true. An anonymous senior has been dealing with depression since middle school, and although she is doing better now, the memories of her struggles still remain. She remembers pleading with attendants to let her stay and receive vital treatment and asked,“I’m not gonna be okay when I get out, can I please stay?” She recalls being denied treatment at Iowa Lutheran due to her insurance and being sent home with suicidal tendencies. She remembers

attempting suicide after being unable to get help. She remembers going through the fragmented system that thousands of other Iowa adolescents go through. Early on in her middle school years, her school counselor recommended she go to an outpatient program at Mercy Franklin

panel cathartic. She uses her experiences to advocate for those who are more reserved about what they are going through and to spread awareness to others and to try to eliminate the stigma surrounding mental health. Now, she makes it her mission to help spread awareness and help others going through the same experience. Nicole Bodenschatz is a licensed mental health therapist and a social worker for Orchard Place, a long term mental health treatment center in Des Moines. Orchard Place focuses on teenagrers and adolescents with severe mental health and behavioral issues. Bodenschatz talked about the difficulty of getting help in Iowa, for children and adults.“I believe that Iowa struggles with giving all that is really needed for mental health illness, especially for adults. The children in Iowa are able to receive far more services which makes ‘aging out’ or turning 18 very scary for those with mental illness and their families.” Bodenschatz also works with insurance companies to make sure the children have coverage during their time there so the parents don’t have to pay out of pocket. “It is definitely a struggle to get coverage for these kids as we have to ‘prove’ they are too unsafe to handle society each month as we review with insurance.” The unfortunate truth is that kids are sometimes sent home too early due to their insurance not paying for longer than six months. “There are kids with significant depression that are often sent home too early and relapse since we cannot keep them as long as we would like at times.” Bodenschatz fights with insurance companies so they will pay for a week or a month longer of much needed treatment. Even when adolescents get

With parents who were against medicine and very poor treatment, she began to abuse drugs and alcohol. Behavioral Center. Hoping for some relief, she went in with high hopes. Outpatient programs can be very beneficial for less serious cases or for families who do not have the resources for inpatient treatment. This was not the case. “It was just a bad environment. I actually came out worse than I did coming in,” she explained of Mercy Franklin, where she picked up on several harmful habits from the other patients, including self-harm. She continues to recover, even though her options are limited. “[ I’ve] never been on medications because my family is really against it. So I’ve only done therapy.” With parents who were against medicine and very poor treatment, she began to abuse drugs and alcohol. After a hard-fought battle, she is now four months sober and doing well. She finds that talking about what she has been through and sitting on a mental health

time in a person’s life, making high schoolers extremely prone to anxiety on a regular basis. And according to a recent study by Besinger, Dupont & associates, teenagers now are showing more signs of anxiety and

“The children in Iowa are able to receive far more services which makes ‘aging out’ or turning 18 very scary for those with mental illness and their families.”

“It was just a bad environment. I actually came out worse than I did coming in.” treatment, adjusting back to a normal school life can be difficult. Iowa schools also lack the resources to help students with mental illness. According to the Iowa Department of Education, schools are supposed to have one counselor per 200 students. High school is a stressful

depression than previous generations. There are options for students with mental illness, like a 504 plan, which gives students options to deal with anxiety and other mental illnesses. However, even using a 504, students still struggle to deal with their illness in school. One anonymous student believes that the school can still do more to accommodate students. They say that even with a 504 plan, school is still really bad at accepting mental illness. Some students believe that teachers do not do enough to accommodate students dealing with a mental illness. “Teachers are so quick to say a student is lazy or doesn’t care when they are probably battling something really hard,” a sophomore shared. Iowa has a long way to go to improve its mental health care. Better hospitals and insurance is needed for families who can’t afford to move across state lines to get treatment, or people who may be risk to themselves. These stories are representative of millions of people around the country. Improving on Iowa mental health care will not only impact millions of Iowans, it will set an example for the rest of America.

copy and layout by: lauren chambers

The past and present of activism Activism is one of the key principles that America was founded on. The founding fathers were the great activists of their time; they did not sit idly by and let an unjust ruler walk all over them. They stood up for what they believed and creating the change they were seeking. America is rooted in activism, and it continues to be an essential part of American culture. America is constantly changing and evolving, partly due to activism. Rights for women, people of color, and other marginalized groups would not be as advanced as they are now without activists such as Martin Luther King Jr, Marsha P Johnson, and Rosa Parks. In the 1950’s, many different forms of activism emerged in a much more prominent way. Rosa Parks famously refused to give up her seat for a white man on a public bus. Rosa and others protesting with her engaged in civil disobedience to create change. Civil disobedience is a form of nonviolent resistance where people disobey laws they believe to be unjust. The term “civil disobedience” originated with Henry David Thoreau. He refused to pay a tax that would fund a war in Mexico that he did not support. The term was coined in 1848, but people have been using civil disobedience as a means to make change long before. Gandhi, famous for his hunger strikes and marches, led one of the most famous examples of civil disobedience. Civil disobedience is responsible for the beginning of the civil rights movement in America. Marches, rallies, and sit-ins all played a big part in creating equal rights for all people by showing the government that a large group of people supported them and were willing to stand up for them.

“It’s fundamentally human,” said sophomore Hannah Berg about activism. Berg volunteers at multiple charities, attempting to change our world for the better. Berg believes that humans are naturally going to stand up for what is right and fight for what they believe in. At Waukee High School(WHS), there are several ways to get involved with activism. Joining the GSA helps create a safe space for LGBT individuals or allies at WHS. Recently, the GSA worked on creating a gender neutral MVP group, for those who do not feel comfortable with the gender they have been assigned. Girl Up works to empower women around the world by orchestrating fundraisers to provide aid to girls in third world countries who are not as privileged as those in the United States. “Activism is the step in making the change. Everyone has the potential,” said Berg. In the 21st century, activism is just as important as it once was hundreds of years ago. A recent example of activism was the 2017 women’s march.The womens march aimed to bring them together to stand up for equality and women’s rights.The Washington Post estimates about four million women marched across the country. The Des Moines Women’s March was attended by 26,000 men and women. In America today, there are hundreds of activist groups attempting to make a change. Capital City Pride is a LGBT organization in Des Moines, aiming to bring LGBT people of all backgrounds together to celebrate the progress that has been made in LGBT rights. They hope to create a sense of community for LGBT people in Iowa.Capital

America is rooted in activism, and it continues to be an essential part of American culture.

City Pride has events all year long, including their annual PrideFest in June. A rising type of activism is grassroots activism. Grassroots activism is organizing

“Activism is the step in making the change. Everyone has the potential.” people at a local level for something that directly impacts them. The Sanders and Trump 2016 presidential campaigns were both made successful with the usage of grassroots fundraising. Grassroots activism is based around many people working together to create one big change. Most grassroots movements are started by people on the opposite side of the political spectrum than the people in power. These movements start small, but gain power and gain support through political/social unrest. The grassroots movement Citizens For Trump was started because conservatives were unhappy with establishment republicans. These conservatives felt like the government was ignoring them, so the grassroots organization united them for a common cause to make a change. The “Get Involved” tab on the Citizens for Trump website allows potential volunteers to cite their interests and times they would like to volunteer to ensure that every volunteer is interested and involved in what they do for the campaign.

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Featuring randomly selected student: Abdullah Akbar copy and layout By: kaitlyn Harris “Bill Gates is a person who has taken a small portion of what we knew and expanded it to huge proportions to help more than just the big people; he helps the little people,” senior Abdullah Akbar revealed on why his inspiration, Bill Gates, has influenced the way he goes about his life. Akbar has taken what he has learned from Gates to implement happiness into his life every day. He is someone who looks at things in a positive light, and focuses to help those who may be in pain or upset. “I think the biggest mistake of my life would be to see someone in pain and not help them just because I didn’t want to,” he stated. Another way Akbar uses his skills to better the lives of others is by coaching indoor soccer. He coaches children in the U8 and U9 (ages 8 and 9) divisions outside of school as a way to pass on the knowledge he has of the sport. A routine that has become a large part of his life is coding. When he gets home from school, Akbar will typically do his coding to not only better his ability, but also release stress. “It also helps me focus more in school and think more critically,” he added. As a senior at Waukee High School, Akbar has had three years to discover the likes that greatly outweigh the dislikes of high school in general. “I believe that the way the schedules have been made allow students to graduate early, increase their education to another level, and the school is very persistent on wanting to help the students learn more every day.” If he could change one thing about classes at the high school, he would implement certain classes to be required courses by students, besides the ones already required. He believes that a lot of people do not realize the importance of classes such as Probability and Statistics, history, and Calculus because they help how students can critically think to solve problems. One course he would like to see required is

He likes all kinds of music for each of their unique Computer Science, which he claims qualities. to be one of the largest, quickest growing fields of education known. After high school, Akbar will be attending Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) for the first two years to begin to work on a bachelor degree. He will then continue on to Iowa State University where he will begin the process of obtaining his masters in Computer Science and Engineering. Following that, Akbar hopes to earn a Ph. D. in Computer Science. If Akbar was able to choose any career to do right now, he would do Computer Science and Robotic Engineering at his dream company, NASA.

His favorite movies are Deadpool and Dragon Ball Z: Battle of the Gods.

He prefers Pepsi over coke.

If he could be any animal, he would be a Lion because they are fierce animals and leaders of the group.

Cycling for a Cause Copy and Layout by Kaitlyn Harris

All around the world, women and young girls in developing countries are in need of education, safety, and healthcare that isn’t offered. As a result of this, The United Nations Foundations launched a campaign called Girl Up in 2010, aimed at helping adolescent girls around the world. Eager to bring this cause to Waukee, senior Olivia Gagnon, president of the Girl Up club, looked up the goals of this mission and noticed one theme that caught her attention. “One theme was clear throughout a number of the goals,” Gagnon stated. “They relate largely to women.” Gagnon brought the idea to Ms. Starcevich, the club’s faculty sponsor, and registered the club with the United Nations Foundation. Their overall mission of bringing the club to Waukee is to work to eradicate the existing issues holding girls back. The club currently has 15 active members that are working each week in meetings to find more ways to shine the light on the issues at hand. One member, senior Shalini Birari, joined as a way to help the community and connect. “It’s a great way to

get together with friends to do community service projects,” Birari exclaimed. The members have recently worked on making care packages for the Central Iowa Shelter & Services. “We delivered blankets, toothbrushes, and feminine products, along with other items,” Gagnon shared. “It was great seeing everybody get excited about the gifts. Our main goal of the project was to engage in community outreach, and both men and women got to use the items in the packages,” she added. Though these service opportunities have passed, the group is looking to raise awareness for a fundraiser that they will be heading sometime during second semester. One of the main factors preventing girls from getting to school safely is transportation. Girl Up is planning a spin class fundraiser at the Waukee YMCA and will send all of the money raised to purchase bikes for the SchoolCycle initiative. More information will be available once the details of the event are finalized.

For those Waukee students interested in joining in raising awareness for the cause, the club meets every Monday from 3:10-4:00 in room 745 where snacks are also provided. Students who are unable to attend meetings are encouraged to learn more on how to contribute or donate at “We are a flexible group, and although we have set topics for our meetings, we are always bouncing off ideas for what we should do next,” Gagnon concluded.

Club members put together care packages for homeless shelters downtown.

Bitcoin: A Peer-to-peer Electronic cash system An unknown individual by the alias of “Satoshi Nakamoto” had a vision that attracted several investors to devote their resources back in 2009. Bitcoin: the first universal, worldwide, digital currency. Released January 3, 2009, the cryptocoin was worth less than $1 until 2011, now the market cap is over $276,634,797,271 billion at $16,284 a coin. But what is cryptocurrency? More than 1,300 different cryptocoins worth a variety of prices exist as of December 2017. Each coin serves different purposes in the online market, and each are accepted as payment across several platforms on the web. Each asset has its

Copy by: Josh wente Layout by: grace culbertson

own form of regulation to prevent oversaturation of the market. For instance, Bitcoin is “mined.” Contrary to how governments print their money; the currency is mined by a user essentially solving math problems. When enough problems are solved Bitcoin is released to the user, thus entering existence. The process is aimed to stop over-saturation of the coins in the online market, and prevent production of the currency at exponential quantities. Bitcoin is not the only big bill people are talking about. Ethereum is worth the second most at $1,153 a coin. Ethereum has drastically increased in price since

January of 2017, at $8 per token. Ethereum is collected in a similar way to Bitcoin by having different users try to solve an algorithm with generated possible solutions. Ethereum is released at a rate of 5 per block mined. Critics say that the currencies’ skyrocketing prices can be attributed to a bubble created by the hype to invest. Others see Bitcoin as a resource North Korea can use to make money and buy what it wants off the black market, due to the near impossible traceability it has. The lack of regulation creates positive outlook in some, and negative in others. A portion of supporters side with Nakamoto’s goal to eliminate reliance in a federal government after the 2008 housing crisis.

What to expect from World Cup 2018


With the FIFA World Cup just around the corner, many students at Waukee are getting World Cup fever. With the United States Men’s National Team(USMNT) failing to qualify back in October of 2017 after a devastating 2-1 loss to Trinidad and Tobago, many wonder who the US residents will support. “I will be supporting Iceland throughout the World Cup,” claimed junior Charlie Barry, “I have a habit of rooting for the underdog.” Junior Cole Romdall stated, “I will be supporting Spain because I’m in Spanish class.” The question still unanswered is what can be expected from The 2018 Fifa World Cup. During the past three and a half years since the last World Cup, an abundance of top tier goal scorers have risen to the national team level. Some of those players include Gabriel Jesus of Manchester City who will be looking to contribute as much as possible to prove that even though he’s only 20 years old, he can still be a well respected player for the Brazil National Team. Another young player striving for World Cup greatness is Marco Asensio of the Spanish Club, Real Madrid. At the age of 21, he

is one of the most decorated players for his age. He won the Champions League Cup, the Club World Cup twice and the u19 European Cup with the Spanish National Team. Both of these players and many more will be striving to decorate their beloved countries, for some it would be the first time, for others it would be repeating history once again. Many players will be wearing signature boots during the World Cup. Neymar of the Brazil national team and FC Barcelona may have already released the pair he will be wearing in the upcoming matches. At the moment, Neymar is wearing a signature boot called the “Puro Fenomeno” which, when translated from Italian means “pure phenomenon.” The boots themselves are a tribute to the original Brazilian Ronaldo, not the Portuguese wonder we know today. The Brazilian is regarded as possibly one of the best soccer players to ever grace the field. On top of Neymar Jr. having his own signature boot, many other players do too. A small list of those players with signature cleats include Cristiano Ronaldo with the Quinto Triunfo, Antoine Griezmann with the Puma Future 18.1 Netfit, and Bakary Sako with his custom Dragon Ball Z Nike Mercurials. “The player makes the boot, but the boot makes the player,” said Cole Kaufman, a junior and avid soccer fan, “Wearing a signature boot is almost like planting your presence on the pitch.” Since the start of the World Cup Qualifiers, there have been an absurd amount of goals such as Snodgrass’s chip against Croatia, Erikson’s pin point perfect free kick against Poland, and many many more. From all of these goals in the qualifiers, fans can expect one thing: more successful goals! Players are finding more and more ways to slot it into the back of the net and with each and every way the beautiful game becomes a 90 minute thriller to sit through. “I just expect a good world cup,” said junior and varsity midfielder Trevor Jones.

Copy and layout by: Bowen siberz

Copy and layout by: macy kennedy and claire petersen


Phtotos from: Pinterest and BenzinOOsales

It’s human nature to base a person off of their fashion sense. It tells people who you are and how you live. As the year comes to a close, take a look back on the clothing trends. The year contained many trends inspired by the 90’s. Numerous collaborations were announced, some of the most notable being Supreme x Louis Vuitton, A$AP Rocky x Guess and Rihanna x Fenty. The new year also means many new trends rising. What will be out for the new year? And what will come into trend? A trend that began to repopularize in 2016, were chokers. Brought back from the 90’s chokers could be seen on many students at Waukee High School this year. Celebrities, including Gigi Hadid and Kendall Jenner, started the trend at the beginning of last year and it caught on very quickly. Styles ranged from black velvet to rainbow colored and were featured in stores like Forever 21 to Michael Kors. Guess gained popularity amongst students these past few years after their collaboration with A$AP Rocky dropped. The collections featured vintage style pieces branded “A$AP Rocky has been really big with the “GUE$$” logo. So far, four colin both the music and fashion lections have dropped industry recently, so it was and these styles seem definitely a smart move to have a to be reviving the Guess brand making brand that’s in style collaborate this collaboration with an influential and popular a very smart move. Junior Claire Kelly artist.” said, “A$AP Rocky has been really big in both the music and fashion industry recently, so it was definitely a smart move to have a brand that’s in style collaborate with an influential and popular artist.” Skinny jeans decreased in popularity this year as a more comfy and less form fitting jean is coming back into style. Boyfriend and Mom jeans started coming into trend. These jeans, popularized by Kylie Jenner, give you comfort as well as some edginess to every outfit. They are high waisted and loose fitting in the legs, allowing more breathability. This style can be paired with a simple hoodie or a cute t-shirt. Stores ranging from American Eagle to True Religion sold this new trend. NMD’s were widely seen in the Waukee High School hallways this year.

This shoe, released by Adidas is unisex. Various selections are available that suit any style. NMD’s are most popularly paired with with leggings and joggers. Their prices range from $100-$230. On top of being stylish, these shoes are perfect for finals week and practical in comfort. Sophomore Luke Chapman said, “ I think they are one of the best looking shoes and they are good for any occasion.”




For the new year, 2018, comfort will continue to be on trend. Youtubers, Andrew and David Fung, project athluxury as an emerging style. Athluxury is the trend in which you mix athletic clothing with high end items. For example, instagram mogul Kylie Jenner pairs Puma, Adidas, and Champion brand sweatpants with tube tops. Calvin Klein clothing and Adidas Calabasas pants are also a brand associated with this trend. Athletic companies continue to produce fashionable sweatshirts and sweatpants that could be worn on the street or in the gym. Sheer tops are also on trend for girls. Typically paired with bralettes or tanks underneath, sheer tops can be found at Pacsun and American Eagle. This trend is good for layering or when weather begins to heat up. This trend can be considered According to POPSUGAR, a scandalous by successful beauty, fitness, food, some, but is gaining as time and fashion website, lavender popularity goes on. will be on trend. The cool tone According to a is comforting and relaxed, a POPSUGAR, successful beauty, projected theme for the upcoming fitness, food, and fashion website, year. lavender will be on trend. The cool tone is comforting and relaxed, a projected theme for the upcoming year. Pantone’s color of the year 2018, is ultra violet. Sticking to one color is also an upcoming trend that has been seen all over Instagram on Kim Kardashian West and Blackbear’s page. Neutrals, white on white and black on black are sleek and simple looks that promote a sophisticated, but Photos from: People Magazine and Gucci also chill vibe. Fanny packs are also making a comeback. No longer are they just for soccer moms. Fanny packs can be minimalistic, but also a huge statement piece depending on the pattern and size. They are seen as practical for holding belongings and easy to carry around. Purses are still popular, but as the new year rolls around, most might favor practicality over style. This item can be seen on both males and females and come in a variety of styles and patterns. Gucci and Supreme both sell this item, calling them “Belt Bags” and “Waist Bags”. The overall trend of the new year is comfort with an edgy twist. No longer are the days of saying “beauty is pain.” The effortless look is easy to achieve and much less intimidating. Keep up with the latest trends by checking various fashion magazines such as Vogue or Cosmopolitan, check out the Hypebeast and Hypebae accounts on Instagram, or watch out for what your favorite celebrities are wearing on Instagram. Ditch the tight jeans and trade them in for some Puma sweatpants. Own the new year, 2018, by rocking the latest trends and styles.

WHat if technology didn’t exist? technology All





Sorry.... your search-“technology”- cannot be found.... Suggestions: Read Haven Lackey’s Article In the world society lives in today, everyone highly depends on all things technology. Almost every individual walks around with mini computers in their pockets called phones. However, phones are almost never used for the main purpose that they were intentionally to have: calling. Instead, the majority of the population walks around with their eyes down, not paying attention to what is around them, staring into a different world. Then there are TVs, computers, video games, and even interactive watches. Becoming reliant on technology has not allowed this generation to function properly without it. So reliant that almost nobody could ever imagine regressing back, to only a few years ago, without all the technological progress that was made. However, what if tomorrow all the technology was, somehow, swiped off the face of the earth? Senior Luke Dietrich explained, “We would be lost for a few years, and it would be chaos. As time went on, we would learn to live without it and find peace and happiness in more simple things.” Adapting is something we do very well as humans. It might not be easy for all of us, but we all do it. A major change, like ending all technology, would definitely be hard,

confusing, and odd, but maybe it could be for the better. “Eventually society would adapt to it,” junior Cameron Carroll agreed. This change would leave a greater effect rather than just the initial absence shock. There would certainly be a lack of real, authentic communication. Senior Cameron Briggs constantly recalls his parents telling him how much easier communication is today than it was back when they were younger, which he can understand. “Communicating seemed more genuine and meaningful, but harder at the same time,” he said. Simple gestures have been lost through the years. Less doors are held for dates, standing and shaking the hands of professionals is rare, and getting out of cars to greet someone at their door is unseen. All this could or could not be to blame for the increase of technology and decrease of daily face-to-face conversation. “We are too connected to one another for our own good, and I think it’s weird that we live our lives and interact with people behind a phone screen,” Dietrich commented. This may or may not be just a phase in this generation, nobody knows yet, but it is obvious that younger ages are

“We are too connected to one another for our own good, and I think it’s weird that we live our lives and interact with people behind a phone screen.”

Copy by: Haven Lackey Layout by: Grace Culbertson

getting more involved in the world of electronics. As the younger generations become more involved and knowledgeable about technology, some may wonder what is in store for the future of technology advancements. “The next technology is most likely going to be virtual reality and augmented reality. With AR and VR, it will be a huge part in the gaming world and for professional presentations of different ideas,” Carroll predicted. However, Briggs thinks that technology will expand transportationally and medically. “It will move to planes, cars, and medicine because there’s only so much that can be done with improving what you can hold in your hand - your phone,” said Briggs. No matter where or how far technology will take this generation, it is important not to lose the emotions and experiences that are standing right there. Watching a screen will only take someone so far, distract them for so long, and bring so much happiness. At the same time, it is important to advance for practices that will directly benefit the people, such as science and medicine but knowing a balance between real life and electronics will create a more present and enjoyable way of living.

“As time went on, we would learn to live without it and find peace and happiness in more simple things.”

letter to the editor

from director of apex michelle hill and school-to-work coordinator mindi heitland When thinking about your future, we know it can seem overwhelming at times, even when you are looking for advice. In an effort to support further understanding of options, the coordinators of our work-experience opportunities wanted to be sure you were aware of the vast and free opportunities at Waukee High School for students.


Whether you have a very specific interest in a field, or have absolutely no idea what your next steps are after high school, taking a Waukee Aspiring Professional Experience (APEX) course as a junior or senior could be right for you. Instructors in the program are considered executive coaches, helping you set personal goals, get connected with over 500 active business partners in the state and nation, and learn technical skills all while working on value-added projects for business partners. You not only get to try out various career fields, but you also are able to build a portfolio of experience that many other high school students don’t have the opportunity to do. Being a part of the APEX family means you get to try things out in a supported way before you spend your time or tuition money. We consider a great semester in APEX when you find something you love, determine somethings you don’t, but most importantly, get you set up for the next step in a way that will help you feel successful and supported with hopefully a lot less stress and debt. You may not know that there are many paths to college and career and so many high demand fields that are ready to hire you right now and possibly pay for your college. We are so closely connected with the business community, we will be able to impart a lot of the knowledge to you and your family. There is no application process for APEX. All you have to do is register for a class during your January SPA conferences. Learn more about specific courses, hear from your peers about their experiences, or contact us with questions at


In addition to the APEX program, we have even more opportunities to continue building your portfolio, learn more about what you might consider pursuing in the future, sometimes in a paid position along with college credit, as in our School-to-Work program. This is a college-level internship available in many career fields such as engineering, medical, veterinary, bioscience, finance and more. In our construction area, you can also earn pre-apprenticeship hours. This program is only open to seniors, and you must apply and be accepted into the program. This internship opportunity is especially great for students who have taken all classes in a particular field and now want to go take a deep dive in that area to learn more. For more information visit

Introduction To Education

Much like the School-to-Work program, but for students interested in the teaching field, Waukee offers an education program. Students begin with the Foundations of Education class, which gives them a broad overview of teaching. Students in this program also complete college level course work while spending 140 hours in the classroom, giving them a good feel for the life of both a secondary and elementary teacher. This program is also worth high school and college credit, but most importantly, students really get a taste of what it is like to be a teacher before heading off to study education in college. Foundations of Education has 5 college credit classes associated with it. Students interested in continuing their education program can then take Children’s Literature, a 3 credit UNI course. This program is open to juniors and seniors and also requires application and teacher recommendations. For more information, see http://blogs.waukeeschools. org/ahanigankotz/introduction-to-education/.

Read about even more opportunities and the rest of Ms. Hill and Ms. Heitland’s Letter To the Editor at

Letter to the editor

from a-d counselor christian grandgenett I wanted to point out an upcoming, FREE opportunity for all of our Juniors. We will be doing an online program called Future Plans with all Juniors during advisory in the coming weeks. It is a battery of assessments including an Interest Profiler, Personality Temperament, and some skills testing (vocabulary, reasoning, computation, etc.) done in an engaging way. It culminates with walking a student through their results (the student helps create their own personalized poster) and seeing their strengths, careers they may be matched to, and help in beginning the college search. We plan on completing Future Plans every year, during a student's Junior year, and hope that it can assist with scheduling, conversations with counselors, and questions the student may have about "what's next?" Thanks!

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Arrowhead jan 2018  

Waukee High School Waukee, IA Student newsmagazine

Arrowhead jan 2018  

Waukee High School Waukee, IA Student newsmagazine