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Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garam Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garamo aramond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garamon mond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garamond r Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garam Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Gar Garamond regular Garamond Italic

Garamond Bold G

Garamond regular Garamond Italic

Garamond Bo

Garamond Bold Garamond regular Garamond Italic

Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bol Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold G

Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garam amond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garamond

Garamond regular Garamond Italic

Garamond Bold Garam

Bold Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garamond regular Garamond Italic Garamond Bold Garam


t n e t n o C Table of 1 - 2. 3 - 4. 5 - 6.

n o i t c u d o r Int Histor y y m o t a n Type A


. 7 y Font Famil . 8 n o i s Conclu


ntroduction Garamond, also known as Geralde is one of the popular fonts from the 14th century. It is categorized under Old Style or Renaissance Old Style. Garamond’s letterforms convey a sense of fluidity and consistency. Some unique characteristics in its letters are the small bowl of the a and the small eye of the e. Long extenders and top serifs have a downward slope.

1


Opinion varies regarding the role of Claude Garamond (ca. 1480–1561) in the development of the range of contemporary typefaces that bear his name. What is accepted is the influence his work had on other typefaces from the late Renaissance to the present. Fonts named Garamond, or Garamont, are related to the alphabets of Claude Garamond as well as to the work of Jean Jannon (1580–1635 or 1658), much of which was attributed to Garamond. In comparison to the earlier Italian letterforms, Garamond has finer serifs and a generally more elegant image. A typeface based on the work of Jean Jannon was introduced at the Paris World’s Fair in 1900 as “Original Garamond,” whereafter many type foundries began to cast similar types, beginning a wave of revivals that would continue throughout the 20th Century.

As the saying goes, type is a beautiful group of letters, not a group of beautiful letters. -Matthew Carter

2


Garamond is the name given to a group of old-style serif typefaces named after the punch-cutter Claude Garamont (Latinised as garamondus) (c. 1480–1561).

3


istory Garamond came to prominence in 1541, when three of his Greek typefaces were requested for a royally-ordered book series by Robert Estienne. Garamond based these types on the handwriting of Angelo Vergecio, the King's Librarian at Fontainebleau, as well as that of his ten-year-old pupil, Henri Estienne. Claude Garamond (1490 – 1561)

4


Inclined Stress

s

y m o t a An

Spine

Garamond

ASCENDER LINE

5

CAP LINE X-HEIGHT


Apex

MEANLINE BASELINE

Arm

Vertical Stress

Type Anatomy

Stem

Serif

Crossbar

Terminal Descender

Ear

Counter

Tail Loop

6


ont amily 7

Regular ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP QRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 1234567890

Bold ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP QRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 1234567890 Italic ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP QRSTUVWXYZ abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwyxz 1234567890


“Typography is the craft of endowing

human language with a durable visual form.� - Robert Bringhurst

8


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KelvinKoo MMD49 Booklet 1207