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RUBRIC In this unit students will look at how classic fairy tales are valued over time and in different contexts. Through exploring a range of Cinderella texts students will learn to make connections between the film version and other versions of the fairy tale. They will learn to identify the similarities and differences in content and the purpose, attitude, values and perspectives in each text. Questions to guide your focus: -

“Why do we value fairy tales?” “Why are fairy tales contemporised?” “How can fairy tales be subverted to reflect particular ideologies?”

You will also look at alternative readings of fairy tales, particularly feminist viewpoints of classic tales. NB: If you don‟t understand the above, don‟t worry, it will make sense as the unit progresses and you are introduced to new words and concepts. Notes:

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GLOSSARY OF TERMS Term Appropriation Transformation Intertextuality Genre




Adaptation Parody

Values Theme

Definition Taking over or possessing something for personal use. It is part of the process of transformation. Taking the characters, setting and style from an appropriated text and reworking them to create a new one. The relationship between texts. Texts often allude to other texts i.e. make reference to them, either directly or indirectly. The word genre basically means type, kind or group. Certain texts are part of the same genre e.g. science fiction or crime fiction texts etc. The reference, either directly or indirectly, to another story or text. E.g. a text could make reference to the story of Adam and Even which would be a biblical reference. A cut and paste of different styles, texts or subjects. The Macquarie Dictionary defines it as “any work of art, literature or music consisting of motifs borrowed from one or more masters or works of art.” The act of challenging, upsetting or overthrowing an accepted idea, belief or attitude. Texts can be labelled “subversive” when their content “rebels” against the accepted social idea, structure or attitudes. A work (such as a novel) that has been recast in a new form; "the play is an adaptation of a short novel." Imitation or mimicking of a text, especially using exaggeration to create humour. A form of satire. Usually an imitation of style or structure. The ideas, principles or attitudes which a person or group believes to be important or consider to be appropriate. The central idea or message of a text. A theme is not a single word e.g. “love” rather it is the message that the text conveys which could be “love conquers all.”


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WHAT ARE THE COMMON ELEMENTS OF A FAIRY TALE? The fairy tale genre has certain conventions, characteristics and ideas which are common to all fairy tales. Below, list all the fairy tales you know:

Now, try to think about what all these fairy tales have in common. Write down the common elements of a fairy tale below: 

A fairy tale begins with „Once upon a time…‟

       

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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE CINDERELLA STORY From: Cinderella is one of the most recognized stories around the world. The themes from the story appear in the folklore of many cultures. Sources disagree about how many versions of the tale exist, with numbers ranging from 340 to over 1,500 if all of the picture book and musical interpretations are included. The tale always centres around a kind, but persecuted heroine who suffers at the hands of her step-family after the death of her mother. Her father is either absent or neglectful, depending on the version. The heroine has a magical guardian who helps her triumph over her persecutors and receives her fondest wish by the end of the tale. The guardian is sometimes a representative of the heroine's dead mother. Most of the tales include an epiphany sparked by an article of clothing (usually a shoe) that causes the heroine to be recognized for her true worth. The earliest recorded version of the tale comes from China. It was written down by Tuan Ch'eng-shih in the middle of the ninth century A.D. (850-60 Common Era). The tone of the story implies that its readers and listeners were already well-acquainted with the story by the time it was written down. The heroine of the Chinese tale is Yeh-shen. There is no fairy godmother in this earliest known version. A magical fish is Yeh-shen's helper instead. However, a golden shoe is used to identify Yeh-shen to the prince who wants to marry her. Although a reference to the story exists in 16th century German literature, the next written version of the story comes from Charles Perrault in his Contes de ma Mere L'Oye in 1697. From this version, we received the fairy godmother, the pumpkin carriage, the animal servants, and the glass slippers. Perrault recorded the story that was told to him by storytellers while adding these touches for literary effect. Some scholars think Perrault confused "vair" (French for "ermine or fur") with "verre" (French for "glass") to account for Cinderella's admittedly uncomfortable footwear. This theory has been widely discredited now. Most scholars believe Perrault intended glass slippers as Cinderella's footwear. Perrault's version has a more humane ending than many versions of the tale with Cinderella finding husbands for her sisters. The sisters are left poor, blind, maimed, or even dead in many versions of the tale. The Grimm Brothers' German version, known as Aschenputtel, or Ash Girl, does not have a fairy godmother. The heroine plants a tree on her mother's grave from which all of the magical help appears in the form of a white dove and gifts. At the end, the stepsisters' eyes are pecked by birds from the tree to punish them for their cruelty. Perrault's version is considerably more forgiving than this version. In modern times, the tale of Cinderella has inspired countless picture books, musicals, novels, and dreams of little girls.

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Activity: Answer these questions in your workbooks: 1. Where does the first recorded version of Cinderella come from? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 2. How does Perrault‟s version differ from the Chinese version? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 3. How is the Grimm Brothers‟ version different from Perrault‟s? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 4. In modern times, the tale of Cinderella has inspired countless picture books, musicals, novels, and dreams of little girls. Can you think of any modern versions based on the Cinderella story? _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

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BRAINSTORM: WHAT VERSION OF CINDERELLA DO YOU REMEMBER? Instructions: In the boxes below write down the Cinderella story you are familiar with.

What happens in the story?

What is a value? [Hint: Refer to the Glossary page]

What are the values of the story you remember?

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HOW DOES YOUR VERSION DIFFER FROM YEH-SHEN? Instructions: a) Read Yeh-Shen, the first recorded version of Cinderella from China (it starts on the following page). b) Complete the Venn diagram below by stating how the version of Cinderella which you remember is similar or different from the Chinese version:  In the left circle write the features of your version.  In the right write the features of the Chinese version.  In the middle write the features which are shared by both version of the tale.

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Everyone has heard the rags-to-riches story of Cinderella. The most popular version of this classic fairy tale was written by Charles Perrault in 1697. But, did you know the first written Cinderella story, called Yeh-Shen, was written in 850 A.D. in China? It‟s over a thousand years older than the earliest known European version! And that‟s not even the oldest version of Cinderella. The story of Cinderella dates back to ancient Greco-Egyptian times. It is thought that the story emerged sometime in the first century. There are thousands of variations of this children‟s tale around the world. Here‟s the Chinese version of Cinderella. Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story During the time of the Ch‟in and Han dynasties, a cave chief named Wu married two wives and each gave birth to baby girls. Before long Chief Wu and one wife died leaving one baby, Yeh-Shen, to be reared by her stepmother. The stepmother didn‟t like Yeh-Shen for she was more beautiful and kinder than her own daughter so she treated her poorly. Yeh-Shen was given the worst jobs and the only friend she had was a beautiful fish with big golden eyes. Each day the fish came out of the water onto the bank to be fed by Yeh-Shen. Now Yen-Shen had little food for herself but she was willing to share with the fish. Her stepmother hearing about the fish disguised herself as Yen-Shen and enticed the fish from the water. She stabbed it with a dagger, and cooked the fish for dinner. Yeh-Shen was distraught when she learned of the fish‟s death. As she sat crying she heard a voice and looked up to see a wise old man wearing the coarsest of clothes and with hair

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hanging down over his shoulders. He told her that the bones of the fish were filled with a powerful spirit, and that when she was in serious need she was to kneel before the bones and tell them of her heart‟s desires. She was warned not to waste their gifts. Yeh-Shen retrieved the bones from the trash heap and hid them in a safe place. Time passed and the spring festival was nearing. This was a time when the young people gathered in the village to meet one another and to find husbands and wives. Yen-Shen longed to go to the festival but her stepmother wouldn‟t allow it because she feared that someone would pick Yeh-Shen rather than her own daughter. The stepmother and the daughter left for the festival leaving Yeh-Shen behind. Yeh-Shen wanting desperately to go asked the bones for clothes to wear to the festival. Suddenly she was wearing a beautiful gown of azure blue with a cloak of kingfisher feathers draped around her shoulders. On her feet were beautiful slippers. They were woven of golden threads in a pattern of a scaled fish and the soles were made of solid gold. When she walked she felt lighter than air. She was warned not to lose the slippers. Yeh-Shen arrived at the festival and soon all were looking her way. The daughter and stepmother moved closer to her for they seemed to recognize this beautiful person. Seeing that she would be found out, Yeh-Shen dashed out of the village leaving behind one of the golden slippers. When she arrived home she was dressed again in her rags. She spoke again to the bones, but they were now silent. Saddened she put the one golden slipper in her bedstraw. After a time a merchant found the lost slipper, and seeing the value in the golden slipper sold it to a merchant who gave it to the king of the island kingdom of T‟o Han. Now the king wanted to find the owner of this tiny beautiful slipper. He sent his people to search the kingdom but no ones foot would fit in the tiny golden slipper. He had the slipper placed on display in a pavilion on the side of the road where the slipper had been found with an announcement that the shoe was to be returned to the owner. The king‟s men waited out of sight... All the women came to try on the shoe. One dark night Yeh-Shen slipped quietly across the pavilion, took the tiny golden slipper and turned to leave, but the king‟s men rushed out and arrested her. She was taken to the king who was furious for he couldn‟t believe that any one in rags could possibly own a golden slipper. As he looked closer at her face he was struck by her beauty and he noticed she had the tiniest feet. The king and his men returned home with her where she produced the other slipper. As she slipped on the two slippers her rags turned into the beautiful gown and cloak she had worn to the festival. The king realized that she was the one for him. They married and lived happily ever after. However, the stepmother and daughter were never allowed to visit Yeh-Shen and were forced to continue to live in their cave until the day they were crushed to death in a shower of flying stones. By: Aai Ling Louie

ACTIVITY: Remember to complete the techniques and summary tables for the Yeh-Shen version of Cinderella (at the end of the booklet) Page 9 of 58

CHARLES PERRAULT’S VERSION OF CINDERELLA Instructions: a) Read Charles Perrault‟s version of Cinderella (it starts on the following page) b) A theme is the main message/s of a text. What do you think the main messages are in Perrault‟s version? c) Either with a partner or on your own, write 5 questions and their answers that you would ask Perrault about his version of Cinderella. Your answers must be at least 5 lines. Your questions and answers MUST demonstrate the following:  Understanding of the text  Understanding of how the text differs from the Chinese version of Cinderella  Understanding of why Perrault may have created his characters the way he did  Understanding of how Perrault‟s time (that is, the time in which he wrote) affected the way he created his characters, particularly the women. What are the main themes in Perrault‟s version of the story? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

Question 1: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Answer 1: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Question 2: ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________

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Answer 2: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Question 3: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Answer 3: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Question 4: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Answer 4: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Question 5: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

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Answer 5: ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

The Little Glass Slipper Charles Perrault (1697) Once there was a gentleman who married, for his second wife, the proudest and most haughty woman that was ever seen. She had, by a former husband, two daughters of her own, who were, indeed, exactly like her in all things. He had likewise, by another wife, a young daughter, but of unparalleled goodness and sweetness of temper, which she took from her mother, who was the best creature in the world. No sooner were the ceremonies of the wedding over but the stepmother began to show herself in her true colours. She could not bear the good qualities of this pretty girl, and the less because they made her own daughters appear the more odious. She employed her in the meanest work of the house. She scoured the dishes, tables, etc., and cleaned madam's chamber, and those of misses, her daughters. She slept in a sorry garret, on a wretched straw bed, while her sisters slept in fine rooms, with floors all inlaid, on beds of the very newest fashion, and where they had looking glasses so large that they could see themselves at their full length from head to foot. The poor girl bore it all patiently, and dared not tell her father, who would have scolded her; for his wife governed him entirely. When she had done her work, she used to go to the chimney corner, and sit down there in the cinders and ashes, which caused her to be called Cinderwench. Only the younger sister, who was not so rude and uncivil as the older one, called her Cinderella. However, Cinderella, notwithstanding her coarse apparel, was a hundred times more beautiful than her sisters, although they were always dressed very richly. It happened that the king's son gave a ball, and invited all persons of fashion to it. Our young misses were also invited, for they cut a very grand figure among those of quality. They were mightily delighted at this invitation, and wonderfully busy in selecting the gowns, petticoats, and hair dressing that would best become them. This was a new difficulty for Cinderella; for it was she who ironed her sister's linen and pleated their ruffles. They talked all day long of nothing but how they should be dressed. "For my part," said the eldest, "I will wear my red velvet suit with French trimming." "And I," said the youngest, "shall have my usual petticoat; but then, to make amends for that, I will put on my gold-flowered cloak, and my diamond stomacher, which is far from being the most ordinary one in the world."

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They sent for the best hairdresser they could get to make up their headpieces and adjust their hairdos, and they had their red brushes and patches from Mademoiselle de la Poche. They also consulted Cinderella in all these matters, for she had excellent ideas, and her advice was always good. Indeed, she even offered her services to fix their hair, which they very willingly accepted. As she was doing this, they said to her, "Cinderella, would you not like to go to the ball?" "Alas!" said she, "you only jeer me; it is not for such as I am to go to such a place." "You are quite right," they replied. "It would make the people laugh to see a Cinderwench at a ball." Anyone but Cinderella would have fixed their hair awry, but she was very good, and dressed them perfectly well. They were so excited that they hadn't eaten a thing for almost two days. Then they broke more than a dozen laces trying to have themselves laced up tightly enough to give them a fine slender shape. They were continually in front of their looking glass. At last the happy day came. They went to court, and Cinderella followed them with her eyes as long as she could. When she lost sight of them, she started to cry. Her godmother, who saw her all in tears, asked her what was the matter. "I wish I could. I wish I could." She was not able to speak the rest, being interrupted by her tears and sobbing. This godmother of hers, who was a fairy, said to her, "You wish that you could go to the ball; is it not so?" "Yes," cried Cinderella, with a great sigh. "Well," said her godmother, "be but a good girl, and I will contrive that you shall go." Then she took her into her chamber, and said to her, "Run into the garden, and bring me a pumpkin." Cinderella went immediately to gather the finest she could get, and brought it to her godmother, not being able to imagine how this pumpkin could help her go to the ball. Her godmother scooped out all the inside of it, leaving nothing but the rind. Having done this, she struck the pumpkin with her wand, and it was instantly turned into a fine coach, gilded all over with gold. She then went to look into her mousetrap, where she found six mice, all alive, and ordered Cinderella to lift up a little the trapdoor. She gave each mouse, as it went out, a little tap with her wand, and the mouse was that moment turned into a fine horse, which altogether made a very fine set of six horses of a beautiful mouse coloured dapple gray. Being at a loss for a coachman, Cinderella said, "I will go and see if there is not a rat in the rat trap that we can turn into a coachman." "You are right," replied her godmother, "Go and look."

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Cinderella brought the trap to her, and in it there were three huge rats. The fairy chose the one which had the largest beard, touched him with her wand, and turned him into a fat, jolly coachman, who had the smartest whiskers that eyes ever beheld. After that, she said to her, "Go again into the garden, and you will find six lizards behind the watering pot. Bring them to me." She had no sooner done so but her godmother turned them into six footmen, who skipped up immediately behind the coach, with their liveries all bedaubed with gold and silver, and clung as close behind each other as if they had done nothing else their whole lives. The fairy then said to Cinderella, "Well, you see here an equipage fit to go to the ball with; are you not pleased with it?" "Oh, yes," she cried; "but must I go in these nasty rags?" Her godmother then touched her with her wand, and, at the same instant, her clothes turned into cloth of gold and silver, all beset with jewels. This done, she gave her a pair of glass slippers, the prettiest in the whole world. Being thus decked out, she got up into her coach; but her godmother, above all things, commanded her not to stay past midnight, telling her, at the same time, that if she stayed one moment longer, the coach would be a pumpkin again, her horses mice, her coachman a rat, her footmen lizards, and that her clothes would become just as they were before. She promised her godmother to leave the ball before midnight; and then drove away, scarcely able to contain herself for joy. The king's son, who was told that a great princess, whom nobody knew, had arrived, ran out to receive her. He gave her his hand as she alighted from the coach, and led her into the hall, among all the company. There was immediately a profound silence. Everyone stopped dancing, and the violins ceased to play, so entranced was everyone with the singular beauties of the unknown newcomer. Nothing was then heard but a confused noise of, "How beautiful she is! How beautiful she is!" The king himself, old as he was, could not help watching her, and telling the queen softly that it was a long time since he had seen so beautiful and lovely a creature. All the ladies were busied in considering her clothes and headdress, hoping to have some made next day after the same pattern, provided they could find such fine materials and as able hands to make them. The king's son led her to the most honourable seat, and afterwards took her out to dance with him. She danced so very gracefully that they all more and more admired her. A fine meal was served up, but the young prince ate not a morsel, so intently was he busied in gazing on her. She went and sat down by her sisters, showing them a thousand civilities, giving them part of the oranges and citrons which the prince had presented her with, which very much surprised them, for they did not know her. While Cinderella was thus amusing her sisters, she heard the clock strike eleven and three-quarters, whereupon she immediately made a courtesy to the company and hurried away as fast as she could.

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Arriving home, she ran to seek out her godmother, and, after having thanked her, she said she could not but heartily wish she might go to the ball the next day as well, because the king's son had invited her. As she was eagerly telling her godmother everything that had happened at the ball, her two sisters knocked at the door, which Cinderella ran and opened. "You stayed such a long time!" she cried, gaping, rubbing her eyes and stretching herself as if she had been sleeping; she had not, however, had any manner of inclination to sleep while they were away from home. "If you had been at the ball," said one of her sisters, "you would not have been tired with it. The finest princess was there, the most beautiful that mortal eyes have ever seen. She showed us a thousand civilities, and gave us oranges and citrons." Cinderella seemed very indifferent in the matter. Indeed, she asked them the name of that princess; but they told her they did not know it and that the king's son was very uneasy on her account and would give the entire world to know who she was. At this Cinderella, smiling, replied, "She must, then, be very beautiful indeed; how happy you have been! Could not I see her? Ah, dear Charlotte, do lend me your yellow dress which you wear every day." "Yes, to be sure!" cried Charlotte; "lend my clothes to such a dirty Cinderwench as you are! I should be such a fool." Cinderella, indeed, well expected such an answer, and was very glad of the refusal; for she would have been sadly put to it, if her sister had lent her what she asked for jestingly. The next day the two sisters were at the ball, and so was Cinderella, but dressed even more magnificently than before. The king's son was always by her, and never ceased his compliments and kind speeches to her. All this was so far from being tiresome to her, and, indeed, she quite forgot what her godmother had told her. She thought that it was no later than eleven when she counted the clock striking twelve. She jumped up and fled, as nimble as a deer. The prince followed, but could not overtake her. She left behind one of her glass slippers, which the prince picked up most carefully. She reached home, but quite out of breath, and in her nasty old clothes, having nothing left of all her finery but one of the little slippers, the mate to the one that she had dropped. The guards at the palace gate were asked if they had not seen a princess go out. They replied that they had seen nobody leave but a young girl, very shabbily dressed, and who had more the air of a poor country wench than a gentlewoman. When the two sisters returned from the ball Cinderella asked them if they had been well entertained, and if the fine lady had been there. They told her, yes, but that she hurried away immediately when it struck twelve, and with so much haste that she dropped one of her little glass slippers, the prettiest in the world, which the king's son had picked up; that he had done nothing but look at her all the time at the ball, and that most certainly he was very much in love with the beautiful person who owned the glass slipper.

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What they said was very true; for a few days later, the king's son had it proclaimed, by sound of trumpet, that he would marry her whose foot this slipper would just fit. They began to try it on the princesses, then the duchesses and all the court, but in vain; it was brought to the two sisters, who did all they possibly could to force their foot into the slipper, but they did not succeed. Cinderella, who saw all this, and knew that it was her slipper, said to them, laughing, "Let me see if it will not fit me." Her sisters burst out laughing, and began to banter with her. The gentleman who was sent to try the slipper looked earnestly at Cinderella, and, finding her very handsome, said that it was only just that she should try as well, and that he had orders to let everyone try. He had Cinderella sit down, and, putting the slipper to her foot, he found that it went on very easily, fitting her as if it had been made of wax. Her two sisters were greatly astonished, but then even more so, when Cinderella pulled out of her pocket the other slipper, and put it on her other foot. Then in came her godmother and touched her wand to Cinderella's clothes, making them richer and more magnificent than any of those she had worn before. And now her two sisters found her to be that fine, beautiful lady whom they had seen at the ball. They threw themselves at her feet to beg pardon for all the ill treatment they had made her undergo. Cinderella took them up, and, as she embraced them, said that she forgave them with all her heart, and wanted them always to love her. She was taken to the young prince, dressed as she was. He thought she was more charming than before, and, a few days after, married her. Cinderella, who was no less good than beautiful, gave her two sisters lodgings in the palace, and that very same day matched them with two great lords of the court. Moral: Beauty in a woman is a rare treasure that will always be admired. Graciousness, however, is priceless and of even greater value. This is what Cinderella's godmother gave to her when she taught her to behave like a queen. Young women, in the winning of a heart, graciousness is more important than a beautiful hairdo. It is a true gift of the fairies. Without it nothing is possible; with it, one can do anything. Another moral: Without doubt it is a great advantage to have intelligence, courage, good breeding, and common sense. These, and similar talents come only from heaven, and it is good to have them. However, even these may fail to bring you success, without the blessing of a godfather or a godmother.  

Source: Andrew Lang, The Blue Fairy Book (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., ca. 1889), pp. 64-71. Lang's source: Charles Perrault, "Cendrillon, ou la petite pantoufle de verre," Histoires ou contes du temps passé, avec des moralités: Contes de ma mère l'Oye (Paris, 1697).

ACTIVITY: Remember to complete the techniques and summary tables for the Perrault version of Cinderella (at the end of the booklet)

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Instructions: 

Read the Grimm Brothers‟ version of Cinderella. Answer the questions below and complete the play script activity.

Questions: 1. How close is this version to the one you remember? Explain. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. What values do you think are conveyed through the Grimm Brother‟s version of Cinderella? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 3. How are the women portrayed in this version? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. What comment could you make about Cinderella‟s power in the Grimm Brother‟s version? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

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5. Do you agree with the way women are portrayed in this version? Why or why not? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 6. Why do you think women have been portrayed in this way? (HINT: think about the time it was written) ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ Activity Transformation: Play Script 1. Define ‘transformation’:

2. With a partner, transform part of Perrault’s version into a play and write the script. -You can choose any part of the fairytale to transform. -However, your play script must be 400 words in length (this includes stage directions) -Before you start writing, look at the sample play script provided on the next page. -Your script must include all of the conventions of a play script e.g. stage directions and dialogue. -Write the rough draft of the script on a blank page at the back of this booklet and submit a typed copy for marking. You will receive a class mark for this activity, however this is not an assessable task.

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Rules for writing a play script Make up a title for the play. List the cast in order of appearance. Introduce Scene 1 describing setting. Place characters' names to the left leaving a gap between their name and the speech. Begin a new line for each speaker. Donâ€&#x;t use speech marks. You could use a narrator to develop the setting, introduce characters and develop the plot. Use present tense stage directions in brackets, to describe the speech or actions. Here is an example: Scene 1 Outside an old, green vinegar bottle. Narrator

Once there was an old woman who had the bad luck to live in a vinegar bottle. (Old woman enters carrying a mop and bucket)

Old Woman (grumpily) It's a scandal. Nobody should have to live in a vinegar bottle, least of all me. I've worked hard all my life and this is all I've got to show for it. One nasty, cold bottle. And the smell of the place. It's awful! It doesn't matter how often you wash it, you can never get rid of it. (She bangs the bucket down and throws her mop to the floor)

I'm so fed up! What I need is a good fairy to grant me a wish. (There is a sudden flash of light and a tinkling of music)

Good Fairy Did someone call? Old Woman (gulping) Um, it was me. I was just saying that I could do with a good fairy to grant me a wish. Good Fairy (sweetly) And here I am. What do you wish for? Old Woman (thoughtfully) Oh nothing much. I'm not greedy. Just a little cottage with perhaps a few roses round the door and a small garden with some flowers at the front and space to grow a few vegetables out the back. That's all. Good Fairy (waving her wand) Close your eyes, count one, two, three. And we shall see what we shall see! Old Woman With a puff of smoke the vinegar bottle vanishes and, in its place, is...

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Cinderella Tales Collected by the Brothers Grimm The wife of a rich man fell sick, and as she felt that her end was drawing near, she called her only daughter to her bedside and said, "Dear child, be good and pious, and then the good God will always protect thee, and I will look down on thee from heaven and be near thee." Thereupon she closed her eyes and departed. Every day the maiden went out to her mother's grave, and wept, and she remained pious and good. When winter came the snow spread a white sheet over the grave, and when the spring sun had drawn it off again, the man had taken another wife. The woman had brought two daughters into the house with her, who were beautiful and fair of face, but vile and black of heart. Now began a bad time for the poor step-child. "Is the stupid goose to sit in the parlour with us?" said they. "He who wants to eat bread must earn it; out with the kitchen-wench." They took her pretty clothes away from her, put an old grey bed gown on her, and gave her wooden shoes. "Just look at the proud princess, how decked out she is!" they cried, and laughed, and led her into the kitchen. There she had to do hard work from morning till night, get up before daybreak, carry water, light fires, cook and wash. Besides this, the sisters did her every imaginable injury -- they mocked her and emptied her peas and lentils into the ashes, so that she was forced to sit and pick them out again. In the evening when she had worked till she was weary she had no bed to go to, but had to sleep by the fireside in the ashes. And as on that account she always looked dusty and dirty, they called her Cinderella. It happened that the father was once going to the fair, and he asked his two step-daughters what he should bring back for them. "Beautiful dresses," said one, "Pearls and jewels," said the second. "And thou, Cinderella," said he, "what wilt thou have?" "Father, break off for me the first branch which knocks against your hat on your way home." So he bought beautiful dresses, pearls and jewels for his two step-daughters, and on his way home, as he was riding through a green thicket, a hazel twig brushed against him and knocked off his hat. Then he broke off the branch and took it with him. When he reached home he gave his step-daughters the things which they had wished for, and to Cinderella he gave the branch from the hazel-bush. Cinderella thanked him, went to her mother's grave and planted the branch on it, and wept so much that the tears fell down on it and watered it. And it grew, however, and became a handsome tree. Thrice a day Cinderella went and sat beneath it, and wept and prayed, and a little white bird always came on the tree, and if Cinderella expressed a wish, the bird threw down to her what she had wished for. It happened, however, that the King appointed a festival which was to last three days, and to which all the beautiful young girls in the country were invited, in order that his son might choose himself a bride. When the two step-sisters heard that they too were to appear among the number, they were delighted, called Cinderella and said, "Comb our hair for us, brush our shoes and fasten our buckles, for we are going to the festival at the King's palace." Cinderella obeyed, but wept, because she too would have liked to go with them to the dance, and begged her step-mother to allow her to do so. "Thou go, Cinderella!" said she; "Thou art dusty and dirty and wouldst go to the festival? Thou hast no clothes and shoes, and yet wouldst dance!" As, however, Cinderella went on asking, the step-mother at last said, "I have emptied a dish of lentils into the ashes for thee, if thou hast picked them out again in two hours, thou shalt go

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with us." The maiden went through the back-door into the garden, and called, "You tame pigeons, you turtle-doves, and all you birds beneath the sky, come and help me to pick "The good into the pot, The bad into the crop." Then two white pigeons came in by the kitchen-window, and afterwards the turtle-doves, and at last all the birds beneath the sky, came whirring and crowding in, and alighted amongst the ashes. And the pigeons nodded with their heads and began pick, pick, pick, pick, and the rest began also pick, pick, pick, pick, and gathered all the good grains into the dish. Hardly had one hour passed before they had finished, and all flew out again. Then the girl took the dish to her step-mother, and was glad, and believed that now she would be allowed to go with them to the festival. But the step-mother said, "No, Cinderella, thou hast no clothes and thou canst not dance; thou wouldst only be laughed at." And as Cinderella wept at this, the stepmother said, "If thou canst pick two dishes of lentils out of the ashes for me in one hour, thou shalt go with us." And she thought to herself, "That she most certainly cannot do." When the step-mother had emptied the two dishes of lentils amongst the ashes, the maiden went through the back-door into the garden and cried, You tame pigeons, you turtle-doves, and all you birds under heaven, come and help me to pick "The good into the pot, The bad into the crop." Then two white pigeons came in by the kitchen-window, and afterwards the turtle-doves, and at length all the birds beneath the sky, came whirring and crowding in, and alighted amongst the ashes. And the doves nodded with their heads and began pick, pick, pick, pick, and the others began also pick, pick, pick, pick, and gathered all the good seeds into the dishes, and before half an hour was over they had already finished, and all flew out again. Then the maiden carried the dishes to the step-mother and was delighted, and believed that she might now go with them to the festival. But the step-mother said, "All this will not help thee; thou goest not with us, for thou hast no clothes and canst not dance; we should be ashamed of thee!" On this she turned her back on Cinderella, and hurried away with her two proud daughters. As no one was now at home, Cinderella went to her mother's grave beneath the hazel-tree, and cried, "Shiver and quiver, little tree, Silver and gold throw down over me." Then the bird threw a gold and silver dress down to her, and slippers embroidered with silk and silver. She put on the dress with all speed, and went to the festival. Her step-sisters and the step-mother however did not know her, and thought she must be a foreign princess, for she looked so beautiful in the golden dress. They never once thought of Cinderella, and believed that she was sitting at home in the dirt, picking lentils out of the ashes. The prince went to meet her, took her by the hand and danced with her. He would dance with no other maiden, and never left loose of her hand, and if any one else came to invite her, he said, "This is my partner."

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She danced till it was evening, and then she wanted to go home. But the King's son said, "I will go with thee and bear thee company," for he wished to see to whom the beautiful maiden belonged. She escaped from him, however, and sprang into the pigeon-house. The King's son waited until her father came, and then he told him that the stranger maiden had leapt into the pigeon-house. The old man thought, "Can it be Cinderella?" and they had to bring him an axe and a pickaxe that he might hew the pigeon-house to pieces, but no one was inside it. And when they got home Cinderella lay in her dirty clothes among the ashes, and a dim little oillamp was burning on the mantle-piece, for Cinderella had jumped quickly down from the back of the pigeon-house and had run to the little hazel-tree, and there she had taken off her beautiful clothes and laid them on the grave, and the bird had taken them away again, and then she had placed herself in the kitchen amongst the ashes in her grey gown. Next day when the festival began afresh, and her parents and the step-sisters had gone once more, Cinderella went to the hazel-tree and said -"Shiver and quiver, my little tree, Silver and gold throw down over me." Then the bird threw down a much more beautiful dress than on the preceding day. And when Cinderella appeared at the festival in this dress, every one was astonished at her beauty. The King's son had waited until she came, and instantly took her by the hand and danced with no one but her. When others came and invited her, he said, "She is my partner." When evening came she wished to leave, and the King's son followed her and wanted to see into which house she went. But she sprang away from him, and into the garden behind the house. Therein stood a beautiful tall tree on which hung the most magnificent pears. She clambered so nimbly between the branches like a squirrel that the King's son did not know where she was gone. He waited until her father came, and said to him, "The stranger-maiden has escaped from me, and I believe she has climbed up the pear-tree." The father thought, "Can it be Cinderella?" and had an axe brought and cut the tree down, but no one was on it. And when they got into the kitchen, Cinderella lay there amongst the ashes, as usual, for she had jumped down on the other side of the tree, had taken the beautiful dress to the bird on the little hazel-tree, and put on her grey gown. On the third day, when the parents and sisters had gone away, Cinderella went once more to her mother's grave and said to the little tree -"Shiver and quiver, my little tree, Silver and gold throw down over me." And now the bird threw down to her a dress which was more splendid and magnificent than any she had yet had, and the slippers were golden. And when she went to the festival in the dress, no one knew how to speak for astonishment. The King's son danced with her only, and if any one invited her to dance, he said, "She is my partner." When evening came, Cinderella wished to leave, and the King's son was anxious to go with her, but she escaped from him so quickly that he could not follow her. The King's son had, however, used a strategem, and had caused the whole staircase to be smeared with pitch, and there, when she ran down, had the maiden's left slipper remained sticking. The King's son picked it up, and it was small and dainty, and all golden. Next morning, he went with it to the father, and said to him, "No one shall be my wife but she whose foot this golden slipper fits."

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Then were the two sisters glad, for they had pretty feet. The eldest went with the shoe into her room and wanted to try it on, and her mother stood by. But she could not get her big toe into it, and the shoe was too small for her. Then her mother gave her a knife and said, "Cut the toe off; when thou art Queen thou wilt have no more need to go on foot." The maiden cut the toe off, forced the foot into the shoe, swallowed the pain, and went out to the King's son. Then he took her on his his horse as his bride and rode away with her. They were, however, obliged to pass the grave, and there, on the hazel-tree, sat the two pigeons and cried, "Turn and peep, turn and peep, There's blood within the shoe, The shoe it is too small for her, The true bride waits for you." Then he looked at her foot and saw how the blood was streaming from it. He turned his horse round and took the false bride home again, and said she was not the true one, and that the other sister was to put the shoe on. Then this one went into her chamber and got her toes safely into the shoe, but her heel was too large. So her mother gave her a knife and said, "Cut a bit off thy heel; when thou art Queen thou wilt have no more need to go on foot." The maiden cut a bit off her heel, forced her foot into the shoe, swallowed the pain, and went out to the King's son. He took her on his horse as his bride, and rode away with her, but when they passed by the hazel-tree, two little pigeons sat on it and cried, "Turn and peep, turn and peep, There's blood within the shoe The shoe it is too small for her, The true bride waits for you." He looked down at her foot and saw how the blood was running out of her shoe, and how it had stained her white stocking. Then he turned his horse and took the false bride home again. "This also is not the right one," said he, "have you no other daughter?" "No," said the man, "There is still a little stunted kitchen-wench which my late wife left behind her, but she cannot possibly be the bride." The King's son said he was to send her up to him; but the mother answered, "Oh, no, she is much too dirty, she cannot show herself!" He absolutely insisted on it, and Cinderella had to be called. She first washed her hands and face clean, and then went and bowed down before the King's son, who gave her the golden shoe. Then she seated herself on a stool, drew her foot out of the heavy wooden shoe, and put it into the slipper, which fitted like a glove. And when she rose up and the King's son looked at her face he recognized the beautiful maiden who had danced with him and cried, "That is the true bride!" The step-mother and the two sisters were terrified and became pale with rage; he, however, took Cinderella on his horse and rode away with her. As they passed by the hazeltree, the two white doves cried -"Turn and peep, turn and peep, No blood is in the shoe, The shoe is not too small for her, The true bride rides with you," and when they had cried that, the two came flying down and placed themselves on Cinderella's shoulders, one on the right, the other on the left, and remained sitting there.

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When the wedding with the King's son had to be celebrated, the two false sisters came and wanted to get into favour with Cinderella and share her good fortune. When the betrothed couple went to church, the elder was at the right side and the younger at the left, and the pigeons pecked out one eye of each of them. Afterwards as they came back, the elder was at the left, and the younger at the right, and then the pigeons pecked out the other eye of each. And thus, for their wickedness and falsehood, they were punished with blindness as long as they lived.

ACTIVITY: Remember to complete the techniques and summary tables for the Grimm Brothers’ version of Cinderella (at the end of the booklet)

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EVER AFTER: A CINDERELLA STORY Instructions: a) Read the review of Ever After provided below. b) Watch the film. c) As you watch the film, complete the questions in the film study guide section below. SYNOPSIS:

The Brothers Grimm arrive at the home of a wealthy Grande Dame (Jeanne Moreau) who speaks of the many legends surrounding the fable of the cinder girl before telling the "true" story of her ancestor. In flashback, the story focuses on eight-year-old Danielle, daughter of a wealthy widower, Auguste (Jeroen Krabbe), a 16th-century landowner. Shortly after returning to France with his new wife Rodmilla (Angelica Huston) and her two daughters, he dies of a heart attack. Ten years later, Danielle (Drew Barrymore), treated as a servant by the others since her father’s death, has a brief and fiery encounter with Prince Henry (Dougray Scott), who is fleeing an arranged marriage. Later, when Danielle poses as a lady, the Prince takes an interest in her. But Rodmilla has serious wedding plans for her own daughter, Marguerite (Megan Dodds) to be the next Queen, and does everything in her power to thwart the budding romance between Danielle and the Prince. But inventor-artist Leonardo da Vinci (Patrick Godfrey), accepting the French court's patronage, is on hand at a crucial moment to help. Even so, Danielle’s lowly status plays against her at Court, and as she flees in shame, one bejewelled slipper slips off her foot in the rain-soaked ground. It takes a Prince to put it back on . . . Film review of Ever After: "The Cinderella tale has been given a new and fresh cinematic lease of life, with this beautifully detailed, delight of a film, a real charmer with surprising depth, attention to detail and even a sense of defined history. Cinderella is now a headstrong, self-opinionated, passionate philosopher, and the film examines the role of women in a patriarchal society. While at its heart Ever After is a love story, it's also a film about passion, learning, statehood and the age-old theme of looking within. If at times it feels slow, it's a detailed film that allows us to get to know both prince and pauper, with greater intricacy than the genre generally allows, and with some glowing performances. Barrymore excels with each role, and here is touching, funny and insightful as the tough, but vulnerable heroine. She looks dazzling, yet goes against the grain of stereotypical Hollywood leading ladies. As her vain and vile stepmother, Angelica Huston is deliciously, magnificently malevolent, while British actor Dougray Scott is terrific as the Prince, trying to resist a forced marriage while learning humanity from his new love. The film is visually lush, impeccably shot in France, beautifully designed and stunningly costumed. Director Andy Tennant has a keen eye for detail, combining both an old-fashioned simplistic narrative structure with some contemporary views on a familiar tale. Ever After is far more than a kids' film; a breathtaking, charming and wonderfully old fashioned tale that weaves its spell adding droll humour to the mix. This is wonderful entertainment on a grand scale."

Paul Fischer

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RUNNING SHEET FOR EVER AFTER Instructions: Read the running sheet for the first four scenes. Use this as a model to help you make notes for the other scenes in the film. For each scene you must: - Write about four points in the „What happens‟ box. - You must give information about what happens as well as the techniques the director uses. o Some techniques are:  Shot types e.g. close-up, long shot etc.  Camera angles e.g. low angle, high angle  Music  Dialogue including tone  Lighting  Mis-en-scene  Foreshadowing  Juxtaposition  Costumes  Setting Scene What happens 1: Once  Mis-en-scene of opening sequence establishes the castle setting Upon a Time  The Brothers Grimm are introduced to “Her Majesty”  “Her Majesty” compliments them on their folktales, saying that she finds them “quite brilliant”. However, she states that she was “terribly disturbed” when she read their “version of the Little Cinder Girl”.  One of the brothers states that they will never know what exactly the shoe was made of. Whilst he says this, “Her Majesty” motions to the servant to get something. The servant brings her the box which contains the glass slipper.  Close-up of the shocked and awe-stricken looks of the Grimm brothers.  Her Majesty: “Perhaps you will allow me to set the record staright?”  The Grimm brothers realise that the story is true.  Scene ends with painting of Danielle dissolving into flashback of the past. 2: Papa‟s  Orchestral music Final Journey  Introduced to a young Danielle who is seen is not your typical quiet, well-mannered child (as demonstrated when she calls Gustav a “half-wit” and greets her father covered in mud).  Shot of Gustav all covered in mud is humorous as it shows he was beaten by a girl. Again this also shows that Danielle doesn‟t fit the traditional mould of girl in the 16th century.  Juxtaposition between Danielle and her new step-sisters, Jacqueline and Marguerite. Contrast between the girls is shown through their clothing and behaviour. Jacqueline and Marguerite are well-dressed and courtesy.  Music, mis-en-scene (including the log fire) and the dialogue when Danielle‟s father talks to her in her bedroom and gives her the book Utopia, suggests the warmth and closeness of their relationship. Her father states that he is a “father first and forever.”  Danielle‟s father leaves for Avignon.  The tragic death of her father is foreshadowed by camera tilt which shows

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that his arm is causing him pain.  The baroness and her daughters go inside. Danielle tells them to wait as “it‟s tradition, he always waves at the gate.” The close-up of the Baroness‟s face shows her turning her back on Danielle. She gives Danielle the „cold shoulder‟.  Danielle runs after her father and watches him ride away.  Her father suffers a heart-attack and falls from his horse.  Drama of the scene is reinforced by the dramatic and ominous music.  Overhead shot shows Auguste‟s last words “I love you” to his daughter.  Juxtaposition between Danielle‟s reaction to her father‟s death and the Baroness‟s reaction. The Baroness says, “You cannot leave me here,” showing that her primary concern is for herself rather than for the death of her husband.  Scene ends with camera zooming out to overhead shot of Danielle crying over her father‟s body and asking him to “Papa, please come back.” 3: The Prince  Scene opens with fade in to a castle and voice-over of “Her Majesty” and the saying, “It would be ten years before another man would enter her life. A Servant man who was still a boy in many, many ways.”  Dialogue between the King and Queen of France shows their different perspectives on love and marriage: KING: “I signed a marriage treaty with the King of Spain and by God that boy will obey my command or there will be hell to pay.” QUEEN: “But he does not love her my lord.” KING: “It‟s not about love” QUEEN: “Perhaps it should be.” KING: “If he is to become King, he must learn to accept his responsibilities.” QUEEN: “Something cannot grow in the shadow of a mighty oak Francis. He needs sunlight.” KING: “He needs a good whipping.”  Shot of Henry escaping from castle.  Shot of Danielle 10 years later sleeping by fire. Her clothes are dirty and covered in soot. The book Utopia lies on her chest. It too shows signs of age and wear.  Aerial shot of Danielle‟s house and the farm.  Long shot of Danielle doing chores on farm (feeding the pigs) representing how her situation has changed since the death of her father.  Camera pans to Danielle collecting apples.  Danielle throws apple at Prince Henry and calls him a “thief”. When she realises it is Prince Henry she falls to the ground and begs, “Forgive me Your Highness I did not see you.”  Henry: “I wish for nothing more than to be free of my gilded cage.” 4:The  This scene gives us greater insight into Danielle stepmother and “Family” de stepsisters. It conveys the Baroness‟s favouritism of Marguerite over her Ghent other daughter, Jacqueline.  Scene opens with Marguerite moving the eggs to the side and yelling at servant.  Baroness: “Jacqueline dear, do not speak unless you can improve the silence.”  The Baroness and Marguerite talk of going to the royal court i.e. marriage Page 27 of 58

      

to Henry. Marguerite: “I‟m not going to the royal court am I mother? No one is, except some Spanish pig they have the nerve to call a Princess.” Shot of Danielle bringing in apples, tipping coins on table and talking to servants. Danielle brings food to the table and waits on the Baroness and her daughters. Marguerite: “Why don‟t you sleep with the pigs cinder soot if you insist on smelling like one?” Baroness: “Danielle come here child. Your appearance does reflect a certain crudeness my dear. What can I do to make you try?” Baroness: “It is your manner that offends Danielle.” Irony in Baronesses comment: “Throughout these hard time I have sheltered you, clothed you and cared for you. All that I ask in return is that you help me here without complaint. Is that such an extraordinary request?” Close-ups of daughter‟s faces show the difference in their reactions to the Baroness‟s ill-tempered remarks to Danielle. Marguerite shows no compassion, whilst Jacqueline seems to be sympathetic.

5: Matters of Life and Death

6: Comtesse Nicole de Lancret

7: The Unwilling Heir

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8: In Trouble

9: The Baroness Plots

10: A Dip with da Vinci

11: The Wealthy “Benefactor”

12: Your Father‟s Eyes

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13: The Prince Comes to Visit

14: Marguerite Makes her Move

15: The Gypsies

16: Hypnotized

17: Rodmillaâ€&#x;s Revenge

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18: Our Cousin Cinderella

19: Love Among the Ruins

20: The Missing Gown

21: Go to da Vinci

22: Just Breathe

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23: The Slipper

24: The Baroness Solves Her Problem

25: The Reluctant Bride

26: The Property of Le Pieu

27: My Match in Every Way

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28: The Princeâ€&#x;s Wife

29: Happily Ever After

30: End Titles

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CHARACTERS IN THE FILM Instructions: After you have watched the film, complete the table below on the characters. An example has been completed for you so you know exactly what kind of detail you MUST include. Character Danielle




The Baroness



She is submissive and totally under the control of her mother and sister at the start of the film. She is sympathetic towards Danielle and recognises the way her mother and sister mistreat her, however, she is too weak to stand up to them. However, Jacqueline has changed by the end of the film and in her own way she support Danielle and stands up to her mother and sister.

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THEMES IN EVER AFTER Definition of a theme: The central idea or message of a text. A theme is not a single word e.g. “love” rather it is the message that the text conveys which could be “love conquers all.” Activity: 1) According to Paul Fisher‟s review of Ever After which is provided earlier in the booklet, what are some of the themes explored in this film? Write your answer in the box below. Themes in Ever After

2) With a partner, choose one theme and create a Publisher document which shows how the theme is explored in the film. Your document MUST include the following: ☺ One paragraph of at least 4 sentences which explains the theme. (Use the SEXY paragraph structure) o E.g. The film, Ever After explores the role of women in a patriarchal society. In modernising this traditional fairytale the director has made his central female protagonist an independent, free-thinking woman; one who saves herself rather than waiting for her Prince to save her. This is shown when … ☺ A symbol to represent the theme. (Your symbol needs to be creative and show thought and insight) ☺ At least 2 quotes which represent the theme. ☺ Examples of at least 2 events/incidents from the film which convey the theme. ☺ Visual images which represent the theme.

ACTIVITY: Remember to complete the techniques and summary tables for Ever After (at the end of the booklet)

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ACTIVITIES ON FRACTURED FAIRY TALES The following activities explore how fairy tales have been subverted or parodied in order to challenge or satirise traditional beliefs or values.

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Lesson Purpose In this lesson, we will be discussing how the animated film Shrek satirises fairytale conventions for the purposes of humour and social commentary. Definition of Satire A satirical work is a literary work that ridicules its subject through the use of techniques such as exaggeration, reversal, incongruity, and/or parody in order to make a comment or criticism about it. Techniques of Satire Exaggeration To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen. Incongruity To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to their surroundings. Reversal To present the opposite of the normal order (e.g. the order of events, hierarchical order). Parody To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing (e.g. a parody of film genres such as romantic comedies or action films) Notes on the film:

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Instructions: Choose a fairytale „villain‟ and design a Wanted poster that will encourage villagers to turn the criminal in to their local police station. Fairytale villains could include the Ugly Stepsisters or the Big Bad Wolf. You may like to design a Wanted poster for a more unlikely villain such as Goldilocks or Hansel and Gretel. Information that should be included on your Wanted poster NAME: LAST KNOWN ADDRESS: CRIME: PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: REWARD: CONTACT: The example poster for Goldilocks (below) will give you a starting point. Complete your poster using the template on the next page.

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GROUP ACTIVITY FOR FRACTURED FAIRYTALES A fractured fairytale is a traditional fairytale retelling that has been twisted or subverted in some way. This might be through a role reversal, narrating from a different point of view, changing the setting, changing the type of character, etc. For this lesson, you will be given a fractured fairytale to analyse within your groups. In groups of two or three, you need to discuss the traditional fairytale story, then read your fractured fairytale and discuss how the story has been subverted and for what purpose. On one side of the A3 paper you have been given, write down the traditional elements of the story. Then on the other side, write down the elements of the fractured fairytale.

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1. Your essay’s introduction needs to show that:  you understand the topic  you have an opinion about how the topic relates to the text (novel, film etc) Do you agree or disagree? State your contention.  you can back up you opinion with evidence (mention the main areas/ideas but don’t give details here) 2. The body paragraphs in your essay need to be structured in the following way to ensure your discussion of the essay topic is thorough and effective. Each of the body paragraphs, need to include a: P = Point. Your topic sentence must contain a major point in your argument/discussion; this tells the reader what the paragraph is going to be about. E = Explanation. This is where you show your understanding by explaining in more detail what your main point is about and how it relates to the essay topic. E = Evidence/Example. The point you make needs to be supported by evidence from the text. You can show your understanding by discussing relevant parts of the text. Direct quotes are best here. ‘Evidence’ should be the bulk of your paragraph. L = In the last sentence try to sum up the paragraph linking it to the topic and then providing a LINK to the next main point (linking sentence). 3. In the conclusion to your essay you need to:  summarise your main points (without introducing new evidence)  restate your opinion on the topic (contention)  reach a conclusion with a final comment or pertinent quote

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QUESTION: Ever After subverts the traditional gender roles associated with the Cinderella fairytale. Discuss this with close reference to the text. INTRODUCTION: Ever After is a contemporary appropriation of the Cinderella fairytale which subverts traditional gender roles by repositioning Cinderella as an intelligent, independent woman. This representation is in stark contrast to the typical portrayals of Cinderella in versions such as Perraultâ€&#x;s The Little Glass Slipper. This paper will explore how the roles of Cinderella and the Prince have been transformed in this text in order to examine how women are traditionally positioned within patriarchal societies. BRAINSTORMING POSSIBLE TOPIC SENTENCES (these are the first sentences of each body paragraph)




Instructions: Once you have planned your essay in the boxes above, write your essay using the lined pages below. Remember to include an introduction and conclusion, and structure your body paragraphs using PEEL.

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TECHNIQUES TABLE FOR APPROPRIATIONS OF CINDERELLA Instructions: As you read/view each appropriation of the Cinderella fairytale, complete the techniques table below to demonstrate your understanding of how each composer creates meaning in their story. There are some blank boxes for each appropriation so you will need to identify additional language/film techniques in the stories. TEXT

NATURE OF TECHNIQUE CHARACTER USED OR IDEA Cinderella‟s Hyperbole or beauty exaggeration

Cinderella “is a hundred times more beautiful than her sisters.”


Cinderella‟s kind nature

“a young daughter of sweetness of temper.”


Cinderella‟s goodness



EFFECT: HOW DOES THIS TECHNIQUE REFLECT THE NATURE OF THE CHARACTER OR IDEA? Cinderella‟s beauty is exaggerated to draw attention to the contrast between her and her step-sisters in terms of interior and exterior beauty.

Characterisation “Anyone but Cinderella would have fixed their hair awry, but she was very good and dressed them perfectly.”


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NATURE OF TECHNIQUE CHARACTER USED OR IDEA Cinderella‟s Use of phrase respectfulness “every day”



“Every day the maiden went out to her mother‟s grave, and wept, and she remained good.” “beautiful and fair of face but vile and black of heart.”

Stepdaughters‟ cruel nature

Metaphorical language

“the false sisters”


Chinese Cinderella

Yeh-Shen‟s Use of adjective loneliness and „only‟ alienation from family

“The only friend she had was a beautiful fish with big golden eyes.”

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Chinese Cinderella

Chinese Cinderella

NATURE OF CHARACTER OR IDEA Yeh-Shen‟s selflessness




“Yeh-Shen had little food for herself but was willing to share with her fish.”

Yeh-Shen‟s confidence when wearing the slippers

“When she walked she felt lighter than air.”

Danielle‟s intelligence and thirst for knowledge

Danielle has fallen asleep in the fireplace reading a book.

Chinese Cinderella

Ever After

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Ever After

Ever After

NATURE OF CHARACTER OR IDEA Henry‟s reluctance to accept an arranged marriage




Subversion of the fairy-tale genre

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Complete this summary table once you finish studying each version of Cinderella.

Perrault’s Version

Chinese Version

Brothers Grimm

Ever After

Character of Cinderella


Ideas about gender

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Ideas about relationships

Enduring Appeal

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Appropriations of Cinderella  

This booklet will help you with your unit in Term 3.

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