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WEEK 2 The blocks on top are acting vertically downwards on the blocks below. The compression force pushes the particles closer together, causing the structure to stand upright. (Ching 2014) In structures such as these, hard, stiff and tridimensional materials, such as bricks, are more commonly used.

(R. Trisna 2014, 15 March)

A square base is used here, although a round base would be more effective as there wouldn’t be any corners in a round building. This means that the building would be more stable.

(R. Trisna 2014, 15 March)


Live loads: moving/ movable loads such as furniture, people, snow and vehicles. These loads have to be taken into consideration when building a structure so that the structure won't crumble. This is done through choosing materials with the right shape, strength, stiffness and other characteristic (Ching 2014)

LIVE LOAD

Live load paths take the most direct route to the ground (Load Paths Diagram 2014)

The reaction forces act against the action forces in order to keep the structure stable (Load Paths Diagram 2014)

The live load path does not go through this area as it is not part of the most direct path to the ground (Load Paths Diagram 2014)

Dead Loads: these loads act vertically downwards and includes the structure itself and any equipment permanently attached to it. (Ching 2014)

DEAD LOAD


GLOSSARY Beam: Rigid structural members designed to carry and transfer transverse loads across space to supporting elements. (Ching 2008) Bracing :a structural member used to stiffen a framework (The Free Dictionary 2012) Column: A vertical, cylindrical structure that typically supports another structure. Compression: When forces push on either side of a material, causing the particles in the material to move closer together Frame: a rigid structure that surrounds something such as a picture, door, or windowpane (The Free Dictionary 2010) Load Paths: Arrows that has direction and scale that shows how the load of applied loads are transferred to the ground (Loads Path Diagram 2014) Masonry: Brickwork or stonework Point Load: A load that is localized to a specific location on any part of a structure (High Access 2013) Reaction Force: Forces that act against the action force in the opposite direction with equal strength Stability: the ability of something to remain balanced and not fall or shake (MacMillan Dictionary 2009) Structural Joint:A member that connects two parts of a structure together (Structural Joints 2014) Tension: When forces pull on either side of a material, causing the particles in the material to move further apart

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