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• Brought
water
from
clean
 sources
outside
the
city
 • Open
rectangular
channels
 • Pipes
ended
in
Castelli
or
 Naumachiae
 • From
the
Castelli,
water
 went
to
fountains,
baths,
 house
connec1ons,
or
 businesses
 • 11
aqueductus


Fountains


Aqueductus


Baths


Castelli


Naumachiae


(distribu1on
point)


(fountain)


House
 Connec1ons


Business
 Establishments



• Landmarks
 • Center
Loca1ons
 • Monuments
 • Water
storage
points


Trevi
Fountain



Great
for
hot
days
for
free
water!!



• Types
 • Imperial:
Wealthy
people
 • Balnae:
Smaller
public/private
 • Provide
communal
bathing
on
a
 large
scale
 • Recrea1onal
center

 • Sports
 • Swimming
pools
 • Parks
 • Libraries
 • Restaurants
 • Par1es
 • Poetry/music



Hot
 Water
 Tank


FOUR


Caldarium
 hot
room


C


Tepidarium
 warm
room


THREE


Frigidarum
 cold
water


Hotsteam

 Bath
 TWO


ONE


Coldplunge
 
Bath


Praefurnium
 furnace
room



Water