ASSESSMENT, CRITICAL THINKING, CHAPTER REVIEW
ASSESSMENT AND CRITICAL THINKING
ASSESSMENT PAG 105 WHAT IS AN ESTUARY? Enclosed body of water, fresh mixes with salty sea water. HOW DOES THE AMAZON RIVER AFFECT THE ATLANTIC OCEAN AT THE RIVER’S MOUTH? Lowers the salt level. WHAT BENEFITS DO YOU THINK THE RIVERS MIGHT VRING TO ATLANTIC SOUTH AMERICA? Fishing and Hydroelectric power. WHAT KIND OF CLIMATES DOES PATAGONIA HAVE? Humid, subtropical cool, desert climate. WHY ARE TEMPERATURES IN THE SOUTH GENERALLY COOLER THAN TEMPERATURES IN THE NORTH? Because the north part has a dry climate and hot. WHAT RESOURCES DOES THE RAIN FOREST PROVIDE? Wood, Rubber, Plants for medicine, Food. WHAT IS ONE BENEFIT AND ONE DRAWBACK OF PRACTICING COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE IN THE RAIN FOREST? Benefit: food, crops, economy. Drawback: deforestation. SOIL EXHAUSTION MIGHT LEAD TO WHAT KIND OF ADDITIONAL PROBLEMS? No nutrients, infertile soil, no crops, no production. CRITICAL THINKING BRAZIL
AMAZON RIVER, AMAZON BASIN, MATO GROSSO
PAMPAS, PATAGONIA, RIO DE LA PLATA
ASSESMENT PAG 110 WHAT EUROPEAN COUTRY COLONIZED BRAZIL? Portugal. WHY DID THE COLONISTS BRING AFRICANS TO WORK ON PLANTATIONS AS SLAVES? Because they don’t have salaries. WHAT RELIGION IS MOST COMMON IN BRAZIL? Roman Catholicism. WHY IS SO MUCH OF BRAZIL’S CULTURE INFLUENCED BY AFRICAN TRADITIONS? Because they brought African slaves. WHAT IS A MEGACITY AND WHAT IS AN EXAMPLE OF A MEGACITY IN BRAZIL? A gigiant urban area, Sao Paulo. WHY MIGHT DEVELOPMENT IN THE AMAZON CAUSE TENSIONS BETWEEN BRAZILIAN, INDIANS AND NEW SETTLERS? Because it destroys large areas the rain forest. HOW MIGHT LIFE CHAGE FOR A PERSON WHO MOVES FROM THE NORTHEAST TO THE SOUTHEAST? Southeast are rich, northeast are poor. CRITICAL THINKING THE SOUTHEAST
Most people in brazil live in the southeast Sao Paulo.
Immigrants to brazil’s large city.
Its abundant land and mild climate could someday make it an important area for agriculture.
Rivers provide resources and transportation for people living in the Amazon region.
WHAT IS GAUCHO? An Argentina cowboy. WHY IS ARGENTINA’S POPULATION MOSTLY OF EUROPEAN DESCENT? Because the country was colonized and settled by people from Europe. WHAT IS ARGENTINA’S BIGGEST CITY? Buenos Aires. WHAT BENEFITS DO YOU THINK BEING PART OF MERCOSUR BRINGS TO ARGENTINA? It promotes trade and economic cooperation among the Sothern and eastern countries, which is good for the economy. WHAT ARE SOME BENEFITS THE INFORMAL ECONOMY PROVIDES, AND WHAT ARE SOME OF ITS DRAWBACK? It helps who lost their jobs during the economic crisis find work, but they do not pay taxes to help support the government. WHERE IS URUGUAY’S CAPITAL LOCATED? On the north shore of Rio de la Plata, no far from Buenos Aires. HOW HAS URUGUAY’S LOCATION INFLUENCES ITS CULTURE? Because Uruguay is located between Brazil and Argentina, its culture has been influenced by these larger countries. WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO SAY A COUNTY IS LANDLOCKED? It is completely surrounded by land. WHAT IS PARAGUAY’S ECONOMY LIKE? Agriculture is an important part of the economy, but much of Paraguay’s wealth is controlled by rich families and companies. WHAT ARE SOME POSSIBLE WAYS PARAGUAY MAY BE ABLE TO IMPROVE ITS ECONOMY IN THE FUTURE? Use its resources more effectively; sell surplus electricity to Brazil and Argentina.
CHAPTER REVIEW PAG 119 Comprehension and Critical Thinking WHAT KIND OF CLIMATE DOES THE AMAZON BASIN HAVE? Humid Tropical. HOW ARE NORTHERN BRAZIL AND SOUTHERN ARGENTINA DIFFEREN? Northern Brazil is humid tropical and southern Argentina is cool and desert. HOW MIGHT THE REGION’S MAJOR PHYSICAL FEATURES HAVE INFLUENCED DEVELOPMENT AND DAILY LIFE IN ATLANTIC SOUTH AMERICA? Rivers, plain and plateau are good farming raising cattle. WHAT PARTS OF BRAZILIAN CULTURE REFLECT AFRICAN INFLUENCES? Religion, traditions, food. WHAT FACTORS LEAD PEOPLE FROM THE NORTHEAST OF BRAZIL TO MOVE TO THE SOUTHEAST? The north is poor so people move because they need jobs. IS DEFORESTATION OF THE AMAZON RAIN FOREST NECESSARY? EXPLAIN YOUR ANSWER. WHAT ARGUMENTS MIGHT SOMEONE WITH A DIFFERENT OPINION USE? Yes. Because there is more development. No because it destroys habitat. HOW IS ARGENTINA’S CULTURE DIFFERENT FROM OTHER SOUTH AMERICAN COUNTRIES? There is a lot of European influence. AS ARGENTINA’S ECONOMY IMPROVES, WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN TO ITS IMFORMAL ECONOMY? They have a few native people are able to find new jobs.
ASSESSMENT PAG 128 WHAT IS THE MAIN PHYSICAL FEATURE OF PACIFIC SOUTH AMERICA? The Andes. HOW IS BOLIVIA’S LOCATION UNIQUE IN THE REGION? It is landlocked. WHAT IS EL NIÑO, AND WHAT ARE SOME OF ITS EFFECTS? It is an ocean-wheatear pattern. It happens every 2 years; it can last 2 to 7 years. WHY ARE PARTS OF ECUADOR, IN THE TROPICS, COOLER THAN PARTS OF SOUTHERN CHILE? They are at higher elevation. WHAT COUNTRY IN THIS REGION HAS LARGE OIL RESERVES? Ecuador. WHY DO YOU THINK MUCH OF THE REGIO IS NOT GOOD FOR FARMING? There is not much flat, they are is dry. WHAT EFFECTS DO YOU THINK COPPER MINING IN CHILE MIGHT HAVE ON THE ENVIRONMENT? Mining can pollute water, may damage the land. CRITICAL THINKING •
COLD WITH NO VEGETATION
COOL WITH NO TREES
COLD, BUT POTATOES AND WHEAT GROW
COMFORTABLE, GOOD FOR GROWING COFFEE
HOT, HUMID, WITH TROPICAL RAINFOREST
ASSESSMENT PAG 133 WHAT ANCIENT EMPIRE BUILT PAVED ROADS THROUGH THE ANDES? The Inca Empire. WHAT ROLE DID CREOLES PLAY IN THE HISTORY OF PACIFIC SOUTH AMERICA? They were the principal leaders of independence movements. HOW MIGHT THI INCA EMPIRE HAVE BEEN DIFFERENT IF THE INCAS HAD HAD WHEELS AND HORSES? Probably they had a better system to defend themselves against the Spanish. WHAT COUNTY HAS THE HIGHEST PERCENTAGE OF SOUTH AMERICAN INDIANS IN ITS POPULATION? Bolivia. CRITICAL THINKING MAZCA LINES DRAWN
ASSESSMENT PAG 138 WHAT IS ECUADOR’S LARGEST CITY? Guayaquil. WHY HAVE ECUADORIANS BEEN UNHAPPY WITH THEIR GOVERNMENT IN RECENT YEARS? Because the economy suffers if the world oil prices drops. WHAT ARE BOLIVIA’S TWO CAPITAL CITIES? Sucre, La Paz. WHY MIGHT BOLIVIAS’S ECONOMY IMPROVE IN THE FUTURE? Probably they will start to export more natural gas and metals. WHY DID MANY PERUVIANS MOVE TO LIMA FROM THE HIGHLAND IN TH 1980s? To escape violence and they were looking for work. WHAT CHALLENGES DO YOU THINK PEOPLE WHO MOVE TO LIMA FROM THE HIGHLANDS FACE? Poor services, like water, electricity. Also overcrowding and poor housing. WHAT IS A COUP? Change of a president by force is a sudden overthrow of a government. WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN TO CHILE’S ECONOMY IF THE WOLD PRIE OF COPPER DROPS? It probably become weaker, they probably will not get more profit , people lose their jobs. CRITICAL THINKING
ECUADOR: THE ECONOMIC REGIONS ARE HELPING TO OVERCOME POVERTY.
BOLIVIA: MAY CHAGE WITH THE EXPORT.
CHAPTER REVIEW PAG 139 WHAT ARE CLIMATE AND VEGETATION LIKE ON THE ALTIPLANO? Cool vegetation, shrubs and grasslands. WHAT ARE TWO DIFFERENCES AND ONE SIMILARITY BETWEEN THE ATACAMA DESERT AND THE ALTIPLANO? Both are drier both are cloudier, no trees in both places. WHAT ELEVATION ZONE WOULD YOU CHOOSE TO LIVE IN IF YOU LIVED IN PACIFIC SOUTH AMERICA? WHY WOULD YOU CHOOSE TO LIVE THERE? The second zone, because in this zone had coffee. HOW DID THE INCAS ORGANIZE THEIR HUGE EMPIRE? They had irrigation, systems they had paved roads and suspension bridges. HOW HAVE SPANISH AND NATIVE CULTURES LEFT THEIR MARKS ON CULTURE IS PACIFIC SOUTH AMERICA? Roman Catholicism, Spanish , language cultures, clothing. WHY DO YOU THINK PIZARRO KILLED THE INCA KING EVEN THOUGH HE HAD RECEIVED RICHES AS RANSOM? Pizarro wanted all the riches. WHAT COUNTRY IN PACIFIC SOUTH AMERICA HAS THE HEALTHIEST ECONOMY? Chile. WHAT PROBLEMS IN ECUADOR AND BOLIVIA CAUSE POLITICAL UNREST? Poverty, disasters faction with government. WHAT WOULD BE SOME BENEFITS AND DRAWBACKS OF MOVING FROM THE HIGHLANDS TO ON OF LIMA’S YOUNG TOWNS? Benefits, jobs, escaping, violence. Drawback: lack of services, learning, family.