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THE PUBLICATIONS OF THE CHAMPLAIN SOCIETY


THE

PUBLICATIONS OF THE CHAMPLAIN SOCIETY THE WORKS OF

SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN VOLUME II

TORONTO THE CHAMPLAIN SOCIETY Reprinted I 97 I by UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO PRESS Toronto and Buffalo


THE WORKS OF SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN IN SIX VOLUMES

REPRINTED, TRANSLATED AND ANNOTATED BY SIX CANADIAN SCHOLARS UNDER THE GENERAL EDITORSHIP OF

H. P. BIGGAR

VOLUME II

I6o8-1613 TRANSLATED BY jOHN SQUAIR THE FRENCH TEXTS COLLATED BY

J.

HOME CAI\IERON

TORONTO THE CHAMPLAIN SOCIETY

1925


The Champlain Society Edition of

The Works of Samuel de Champlain was originally published in a limited edition in six volumes and one portfolio from 1922 to 1936. It has been reprinted in facsimile with the authorization of the Society by University of Toronto Press 1971

All rights reserved Printed in Canada ISBN

0-8020-1760-6


PREFACE N addition to the Second Book of Champlain's Les p oyages and to his Quatriesme r oyage, which appeared together in 1613, this volume contains six contemporary documents relating to his career between 1610 and 1618. Besides being the only documents bearing upon Champlain's early life that have so far been discovered, they throw a most valuable light upon the objects he had in view at this time. For these reasons the General Editor, who is responsible for these texts, decided to print them here rather than in the projected supplementary volume mentioned in the last paragraph of the Editor's Introduction in Volume I. Will members of the Society please note the error there on page xvii regarding the illustrations in the portfolio being in colour, which was not found to be feasible? The General Editor would like to take this opportunity of giving expression to his sense of the great loss which Canada has sustained by the sudden death in 1923 of the late Mr. S. V. Blake. Not only had Mr. Blake a very wide knowledge of all that was best in English literature but his own literary judgment was excellent. If the translations in Volume I have met with the approval of the members of the Champlain Society, this must be attributed in great part to the valuable help given by the late Mr. Blake to the General Editor when the final proofs of Volume I were going through his hands.

I


PREFACE

vw

The General Editor also wishes to express his warmest thanks to Mr. J. L. Morris, of Pembroke, Ontario, for allowing him to reproduce the map of Champlain's route on Plate XI, and also for obtaining the photographs given on Plates XIII and XIV. Independently each of us discovered that the island visited by Champlain in Lake Allumette was not Allumette island, as has hitherto been supposed, but Morrison island. The members of the Society are also greatly indebted to Mr. C. W. Jeffreys for permission to reproduce his very interesting drawing of Champlain's first building at Quebec on Plate IV. Finally, Professor W. F. Ganong has been good enough to draw three more modern maps for comparison with those of Champlain on Plates II, III and VII. He has thus contributed to this edition a modern drawing of every locality mapped by Champlain. .Zv!ay

s.

H. P. B. 1925.


CONTENTS PART I. PAGE

THE VOYAGES, I6I3.

BooK II, I6o8-I6I2 .

I

THE FOURTH VOYAGE, I6I3 . 237 The French texts have been collated and annotated by J. HOME CAMERON. The English translations are by J. SQUAIR. PART II. SIX

CONTEMPORARY DOCUMENTS TO CHAMPLAIN

RELATING

I. HIS MARRIAGE CONTRACT DATED DECEMBER 27, I6Io 3I5 2.

AGREEMENT FOR THE HIRE OF A SERVANT DATED jULY 22, I6I7 • 324

3· PETITION TO THE KING AND THE LORDS OF HIS COUNCIL .

326

4· ARTICLES ATTACHED TO THIS PETITION

329

5· PETITION TO THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

.

6. EXTRACT FROM THE LETTERS OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE DATED FEBRUARY g, I6I8 The General Editor is responsible for the French texts. The translations have been made under the direction of J. SQUAIR.

ERRATA Page viii, line 9, and last line of the List of Illustrations, for Jeffreys, read Jefferys. Page 2 7 1, Notes 1 and 3, for Chat, read Chats.

339

346


LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS AND MAPS PLATE

I. CHAMPLAIN'S SMALL MAP OF r6r3 . II. CHAMPLAIN'S MAP TADOUSSAC

OF

PORT

To face p.

I

DE

I9

III. CHAM.PLAIN'S MAP OF QUEBEC

"

,

25

IV. CHAl\'IPLi\IN'S PICTURE PLAN OF THE ABITATION DE QVEBECQ

,

,

39

V. CHAl\fPL.l\IN'S PICTURE PLAN OF THE DEFFAITE DES YROQUOIS AU LAC DE CHAMPLAIN

,

,

IOI

VI. CHAMPLAIN'S PICTURE PLAN OF THE FORT DES YROQUOIS .

,

,

134

VII. CHAMPLi\IN'S MAP OF LE GRAND SAULT ST. LOUIS

,

,

r85

,,

,'

222

, ,

, ,

239

,

273

XIII. VIEvVS OF MORRISON ISLAND .

, ,

, , ,

278

XIV. VIEWS OF MORRISON ISLAND .

,

,

zSo

NAUTO路NIER'S

OF VIII. TITLE - PAGE 1lJECOMETRIE

IX. HENRI II. DE BOURBON PRINCE DE CONDE X. HUDSON'S MAP OF XI. XII.

J.

1612

L. MORRIS'S MAP OF CHAMPLAIN'S ROUTE, 1613 .

CHA~fPLAIN'S

ASTROLABE.

257

275

On Plates II, III, and VII will be found modem drawings of the same localities by W. F. GANONG; and on Plate IV one by C. W. JEFFREYS of the A bitation.


SOMMAIRES DES CHAPITRES SECOND LIYRE

Auquel sont descrits les voyages faits au grand fleuue sainct Laurens, par le sieur de Champlain CHAP. I Resolution du situr de Mons, pour fairt les dtscouutrturts par dtdans Its terres : sa commission e:f enfraintt d'icelle, par tits Bastjuts, fJUi desarmtrent le vaisseau tit Pont-graul; f.:! I'accord fJU' ils .ftrent aprls entre eux

PAGE

3

CHAP. II De Ia riuiere tit Saguenay, f.:! des Sauuages, fJUi nous y vintlrtnt abbortltr. De /'isle d'Orltans, e.:! de tout ce fJUe nous y auons rtmarfJUI tit singulier

16

SUMMARIES OF THE CHAPTERS BOOK SECOND

Wherein are described the voyages made to the great river St. Lawrence by the Sieur de Champlain

CHAPTER I Determination of the Sieur de Monts to make explorations in the interior ; his commission and infringement of the same by Basques, who disarmed the ship of Pont-Grave ; and the agreement afterwards made between them .

PAGE

3

CHAPTER II Of the River Saguenay and the savages who visited us there. Of the Island of Orleans and of all the remarkable things observed by us there xui

16


xiv

VOYAGES DV SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN CHAP. III PAGE

Arriult J Quebec, ou nous fismes nos logemtns. Sa situation. Conspiration contrt It service du Roy, e!f ma vie, par aucuns de nos gens. La punition fUi en Jut faitt, e!f tout ce qui se passa en cet affaire.

24

CHAP. IV Retour du Pont-graul en France. Description de nostrt logement, €.5 du lieu ou seiourna I a1ues Quartitr en I' an I 53 5

35

CHAP. V Semences €.5 vignes plantits a Quebec. Commencement de I' hyuer e!f des glaces. Extresme necessitl de certains sauuages

52

CHAP. VI Maladit de Ia terre a Quebec. Le suiect de I' hyuernement. Descrip· tion dudit lieu. Arriule du sieur de Marais, gendre de Pont-graul, audit Quebec

59

CHAPTER III PAGE

Arrival at Quebec, where we made places to lodge in. Its situation. Plot by some of our men against the king's service, and against my life. The punishment that was meted out to them, and all that happened in connection with this affair .

24

CHAPTER IV Pont-Grave's return to France. Description of our quarters and of the place where Jacques Cartier lived in I 53 5

35

CHAPTER V Grain sowed and vines planted at Quebec. Beginning of winter and frost. Extreme destitution of certain savages .

52

CHAPTER VI The scurvy at Quebec. Winter the cause. Description of the aforesaid place. Arrival of the Sieur des Marais, son-in-law of PontGrave, at Quebec

59


xv

VOYAGES DV SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN CHAP. VII Parttflltnt dt Quebec iUStjUtS a l'iJit sai11Ctt Esloy, e!f dt Ia rt11COntrt t;Ut i'y fis des sauuagts Algouf!lttjuins, f.:! Ocltatttjuins

PAC It

65

CHAP. VIII R.ttour a Qutbtc : f.:! dtpuis continuation autc Its sauuagts iustjuts au saut de Ia riuiert dts Yrotjuois .

72

CHAP. IX Parttmtnt du saut dt Ia riuitre dts Yrotjuois. Dtscription d''lJ11 grand lac. Dt Ia rencontrt dts tnnemis (jUt nous fismts audit lac, f.:! dt Ia fa; on f.:! conduitt tjU' ils vstnt tn allant attatjutr Its Yrotjuois

82

CHAP. X Retour de Ia Bataillt f.:! ct tjUi st passa par It chemin

IOI

CHAP. XI ro8

Rttour tn Franct f.:! ct tjUi st passa iustjuts au rembartjuemtnt

CHAPTER VII PACE

Departure from Quebec, as far as the Island of St. Eloi. with the Algonquins and Ochataiguins

Meeting there 65

CHAPTER VIII Return to Quebec, and afterwards continuation of our journey with the Indians as far as the Rapids in the river of the Iroquois

72

CHAPTER IX Departure from the Rapids of the river of the Iroquois. Description of a great lake. Our meeting with the enemy at the aforesaid lake and of the manner in which our Indians attack the Iroquois

82

CHAPTER X Return from the batde and what took place on the way

IOI

CHAPTER XI Return to France and what occurred up to the time of re-embarkation •

I

o8


xvt

VOYAGES DV SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN SECOND VoYAGE DV SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN

CHAP. I PAGE

Partement de France pour retourner en Ia nouuelle France : f.:! ct passa ius~ues a nostre arriute en I' habitation

~ui

se I I

5

CHAP. II P artement de Quebec pour aller auister nos sauuages alliez a Ia gue"e contre les Yroquois leurs ennemis f.:! tout ce qui se paua iusques a nostre retour en I'habitation

I 22

CHAP. III Retour en France.

Rencontre d'vne Baleine e.:! de Ia ja{on qu' on les prent

I

48

SECOND VoYAGE oF THE SIEUR DE CHAMPLAIN

CHAPTER I PAGE

Departure from France to return to New France, and what happened until we arrived at the settlement

I I

5

CHAPTER II Departure from Quebec to go and help our Indian 'lilies in the war against the Iroquois their enemies, and all that happened until our return to the settlement

I 22

CHAPTER III Return to France.

Meeting with a whale and how these are taken

I48


VOYAGES DV SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN

..

XVII

LE TRoiSIESME VoYAGE nv SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN EN L'ANNEE

16 I

I

CHAP. I PAGE

Partement Je France pour retourner en Ia Nouuelle France. e5 autres choses ~ui a"iuerent ius~ues en I'habitation

Les dangers I

57

I

73

I

86

CHAP. II

a Quebec pour fa ire

raccommoder Ia bar~ue. P artement dudit pour aller au saNt trouuer les sauuages f.:! recognoistre '011 lieu propre pour 'One habitation

Desce11tt

Quebec~

CHAP. III Deux ce11s sauuages rameinent le Fran;ois qu'on leur auoit bailII, e5 rem路 menerent leur sauuage qui estoit retournl Je France. Plusieur! discours de part e5 d'autre

THE THIRD VoYAGE oF THE SIEUR DE CHAMPLAIN IN THE YEAR

I

6I

I

CHAPTER I PAGE

Departure from France to return to New France. The dangers and other things which occurred until we reached the settlement

I

57

I

73

I

86

CHAPTER II Landing at Quebec to repair the pinnace. Departure from Quebec for the Rapids to meet with the savages and to select a proper site for a settlement

CHAPTER III Two hundred savages bring back the Frenchman who had been given to them, and take away again their Indian who had returned from France. Several speeches on both sides


xviii VOYAGES DV SIEVR DE CHAMPLAIN CHAP. IV Arriuult a Ia Rochelle. Association rompue entre It sieur de Mons e:J ses associIs Its sieurs Colier f.:! It gendrt de Routn. Enuie des Fran;ois touchant Its nouue//es descouuertures de Ia nouue//e France

PAGE

Intelligence des deux cartes Geografiques de Ia nouue//e France

222

Plus est adioute le voyage a la petite carte du destroit qu'ont trouue les Anglo is au dessus de Labrador depuis le 53. degre de latitude, iusques au 63. qu'ils ont descouuert en ceste presente annee 1612. pour trouuer vn passage d'aller a la Chine par le Nort, s'il leur est possible: & ont hyuerne au lieu ou est ceste marque, €· Ce ne fut pas sans auoir beaucoup endure de froidures, & furent contraincts de retourner en Angleterre : ayans laisse leur chef dans les terres du Nort, & depuis six mois, trois autres vaisseaux sont partis pour penetrer plus auant, s'ils peuuent, & par mesmes moyens voir s'ils trouuerontles hommes qui ont este delaissez audict pays

239

2I

5

CHAPTER IV PAGE

Arrival at La Rochelle. Partnership dissolved between the Sieur de Monts and his associates, the Sieurs Colier and Le Gendre of Rouen. Jealousy of the French regarding the new explorations In New France

2I 5

Explanation of the two maps of New France

222

Further there is added the voyage by the small map to the strait which the English have found above Labrador from the 5 3rd to the 63rd degree of latitude, discovered by them in this present year I 6 I 2)1 in order to find a passage to China by the north if possible: and they have wintered at the place marked thus €· This was not without much suffering from cold and they were obliged to return to England, having left their leader in these northern lands, and six months ago three more ships set out to penetrate still farther if they can, and · see by the same means if they could find the men who weft! left in that country

239


'\0 Macog.o\iel<ariay; oo Oiiefcatiay. oo ~<aGIIgcbia. I. l'.iliinc del Edlccbcllli_lll!

I

V Cap des deux !>aye!.

H Bayeftan~oifc, P IOe Loap<•

<u:-P ~chi!'

... Riuicrc des Ethechemio!:j Sault. 1 L'i~caux coudres.

R Port2u moucoa. \ n Jaotane.

I

S Port du rofiignol. TSefatubre.

SS !-_"do~_ct!Gis:

A"lod...sl'". a•rquem..n.

+~<tcCt~

\

~~.~~~~~~cpLa~~!

t

Il1c: :lUX lieures. £ llicsaux gros ycux. D B.:yc de Chalcf.a~ t.Galpay.

9

I

c lfle penCe. ' L~c famd L'ierre. Riuieu~_o ... s Yrcquois. 4-0 Cap fouut.1c Mauc.

7

I

N rort Rc.yal. M Men1nc. 1 Illcsau.z Oifeaut. ,,..,.Wf4gn6 1, X

CHAMPLAIN'S SMALL MAP OF t6t3. [To/4<t

p.1


9 96822 frontmatter