Table of Contents 1.0 Abstract
2.0 Thesis Statement
3.0 Research and Documentation for Area of Focus 3.1. Area of Focus Summary 3.2. Findings from Literature Review 3.3. Questions/Theoretical Issues 3.4. Architectural Issues 3.5. Architectural Precedents
4.0 Site and Context Information 4.1. Aerial photos and/or maps of site 4.2. Site Documentation 4.3. Site Analysis 4.4. Site Parameters 5.0 Program 5.1. Program Type and Description 5.2. Programmatic Elements 5.3. Graphic Representation of Program 6. Conceptual / Preliminary Design Studies 6.1. Studies/Devices Revealing Architectonic Ideas 7. Bibliography and other important resources 7.1. Written Sources 7.2. Project References
Farm to Fork
Kelly Ryan October 2012
Thesis Statement This thesis will reevaluate the food industryâ€™s systems and propose a localized, accessible environment for food growth and resale. The goal is to reintroduce or reinvent the market typology to enhance sustainable, healthy, urban communities.
Research and Documentation
for Area of Focus 7
For the 1st time in modern history, this generation is expected to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents.
3.1 Area of Focus Summary
Food Accessability How easy is it?
While healthy living existes between a balance of good nutrition and sufficient exercise, this project specifically stresses food accessability. The easier it is to access healthy food, i.e distance, affordability, and quality, and the harder it is to access unhealthy food, the more likely people will choose healthy food. For the first timein modern history, this generation is expected to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents. This is do to the increase of childhood obesity and the ongoing health problems that continue throughout their lives. By making it easier for one to access healthy food, we are one step closer to reversing the current obesity epidemica in the world.
Designing Healthy Communities
The Death and Life of Urban Farming is GrowGreat American Cities ing a Green Future Jane Jacobs
Brian Clark Howard, National Geographic
Designing Healthy Communities is a 4 part PBS documentary investigation into the health of our communities. The project is dedicated to confronting contemporary issues of public health associated with the built environment and offering solutions that encourage reshaping our interactions, lifestyles and design strategies. In a series of episodes, Dr. Jackson discusses various factors within our environment that has caused rampant chronic health problems, the most prominent of which is Type 2 Diabetes caused by obesity. It comes down to an environment that promotes a sedentary lifestyle and poor food choices. “Where you live is a great predictor of how long you live,” says Dr. Jackson. Episode 3 looks at impoverished communities, discusses the differences in life expectancy and what it means to have the right to live in a “health-promoting community.”
Jacobs advocated “four generators of diversity”: “The necessity for these four conditions is the most important point this book has to make. In combination, these conditions create effective economic pools of use.” (p. 151)
“With seven billion mouths to feed, human agriculture exerts a tremendous toll on the planet, from water draws to pollution, and from energy use to habitat loss. More people around the world are taking a look at urban farming, which offers to make our food as “local” as possible. By growing what we need near where we live, we decrease the “food miles” associated with longdistance transportation. We also get the freshest produce money can buy, and we are encouraged to eat in season. Another benefit of urban farming is that it can add greenery to cities, reducing harmful runoff, increasing shading, and countering the unpleasant heat island effect. Garden plots can help people reconnect with the Earth, and gain a greater appreciation for where our food comes from (hint: not from plastic packages).”
Dr. Richard Jackson, MD, MPH
3.2 Findings from Literature Review
The conditions are: -Mixed uses, activating streets at dif ferent times of the day -Short blocks, allowing high pedes trian permeability. -Buildings of various ages and states of repair. -Density.
What do we have to do to produce enough food for urban dwellers?
Center for Disease Control
Center for Disease Control
The CDC is the United Statesâ€™ national public health institute to protect public health and safety by providing information to enhance health decisions. www.cdc.gov
The Obesity Society has been committed to encouraging research on the causes and treatment of obesity, and to keeping the medical community and public informed of new advances. www.obesity.org
Promote, support, and help people make better decisions using accurate, reliable, and accessible data and indicators to improve the quality of life in Baltimore City neighborhoods. http://www.bniajfi.org
U.S. Department of Agriculture
City of Baltimore
John Hopkins University
Responsible for developing and executing federal government policy on farming, agriculture, and food. Aims to promote agricultural trade and production, work to assure food safety, protect natural resources, and end hunger in the United States and abroad. www.usda.gov
City Government led by Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake responsible for planning, zoning, health, transportation, housing, permits, public works, parks and recreation, city data, and eduation. www.baltimorecity.gov
Johns Hopkins researchers, in partnership with the Baltimore City Health Department and experts at other academic institutions, conducted a health impact assessment of Baltimoreâ€™s comprehensive zoning code revision. www.hopkinsbayview.org
3.2 Findings from Literature Review
Farm Alliance of Baltimore
Slow Food Baltimore
Real Food Farm
A network of producers working to increase the viability of urban farming and improve access to urban grown foods. They are united by practices and principles that are socially, economically, and environmentally just. www.farmalliancebaltimore.org
Slow Food Baltimore supports a locally sourced, environmentally and socially responsible food system that is accessible to all. We encourage and promote gatherings centered on the enjoyment of food, the sharing of ideas and traditions and a more harmonious way of life. www.slowfoodbaltimore.com
Real Food Farm works toward a just and sustainable food system by improving neighborhood access to healthy food, providing experience-based education, and developing an economically viable, environmentally responsible local agriculture sector. www.realfoodfarm.org
13 Involved Parties
3.3 Questions/ Theoretical Issues
3.4 Architectural Issues
Reformatting the Supermarket A focus on local, fresh, affordable food
Low income, urban communities typically have little acces to large scale supermarkets. Big name stores are not inclined to invest in a depressed area and the citzens are left with corner convenience stores, fast food and take-out joints. These food establishments do not typically carry fresh food, but are filled with high fat, high sodium, nutrient deficient foods. Improper nutrition, coupled with lack of exercise leads to overweight or obesity. Food transportation is also an important factor. Long travel distances increase cost and decrease shelf life. By recreating the notions of food shopping, I hope to give better access to a basic necessity of life.
3.4 Architectural Issues
Finding just the right size
Evergreen Brick Works
Claude Cormier + Associates: Toronto, ON 2006-2010
Open year-round, Evergreen Brick Works is a community environmental centre that inspires and equips visitors to live, work and play more sustainably. Program Elemants Garden Market- Evergreen Garden Market is a mission-driven retail garden centre and market that equips Torontonians to bring nature into their backyard or balcony. Hosts DIY gardening workshops. Demonstration Space- A showcase for sustainable urban greening, this is a 20,000-square-foot native plant demonstration space. These large native plant and food gardens inspire visitors with tips, techniques and designs for creating gardens in urban settings. School groups, community groups, home gardeners and families partici3.5 Architectural Precedents
pate in the planting, care and maintenance of the garden mounds. The space transforms into an icerink during winter months. Outdoor Covered Space- centrally located, frames community gatherings and festivals, including the Sunday Farmerâ€™s Market. Office Space- The building will include office space for sustainable minded oragnizations/companies, a green roof, two classrooms, a large kitchen and a series of event and meeting spaces. Cafe- table and grab and go service creating a connection between the natural food from the land, the farmers who nourish and harvest it, and ultimately, the people who enjoy it. -http://ebw.evergreen.ca
Explore and Discover Visit our calendar of events for a complete list of food, art, gardening, and do-it-yourself activities. Workshops, festivals and events too! ebw.evergreen.ca
The North Slope
100 years of excavation revealed layers of interglacial climate change and left a stunning cliff.
Exhibit Natural feature Heritage artifact
Centre for Green Cities
Among Canada’s greenest, this LEED Platinum building is a showcase for green design.
Green design Coming soon
Don Valley Brick Works Park
Discover Toronto’s geological history and why this site was founded.
The City of Toronto’s unique Natural Environment Park is an oasis for everyone Giant Flowers to enjoy. Art and nature Chimney Court reclaim space. A dynamic space for out-
Outward Bound Canada Climbing tower and other active challenges.
door play and learning.
Historic Brick Press
This heritage artifact was a common brick machine in Toronto in the early 1900s.
A.P. Coleman’s Boots
Learn about the geologist who put this site on the map.
Film and video that suggest positive change can emerge from destruction.
The Bike Works A new community bike space.
The Watershed Wall
Toronto’s vast ravine network and its many rivers and creeks.
Junk Raiders built this twostorey fort entirely from repurposed materials.
Winter Skating Trail
An open-air public skating trail that winds through The Gardens.
The Water Cisterns
Fifteen 20,000-litre rainwater cisterns collect water from the vast roofs to irrigate our many gardens.
Café Belong Evergreen Gardens
Celebrated chef Brad Long cooks up seasonal dishes.
Open year-round to help you grow eco-friendly gardens in urban spaces.
In the quiet drama of the long tunnel kilns, discover artifacts of the past.
Explore and get your hands dirty.
Brick Workers’ Portraits
Large-scale portraits of the brick makers who worked here.
Jan R. Schwarz
NEW THiS FAll
WORkSHOPS AND EVENTS
Stewardship Weekly greening group. Everyone welcome. Green City Workshops Hands-on tips and techniques. Nature Nut Club For children ages 6–11. GE Chef Series Kitchen workshops to get you thinking. Bike Workshops Maintenance, safety and winter riding. Canning Workshops Preserve the best of the harvest. Home Depot DiY Workshops Learn to green your home.
EVERGREEN GARDENS STORE
Students will learn with their hands and on their feet—planting trees, growing food, baking bread, and honing their building skills. Year-round, fullday programs for grades 3–5, half-day programs for grades 6–10, and site tours for grades 11–12. To book, contact Anne: firstname.lastname@example.org CONVENiNG CONVERSATiONS AND iNSPiRiNG iDEAS
T.H.E. Speaker Series will explore Technology, Health
An eco-friendly garden starts here. Celebrate autumn with
Guided Tours Explore heritage, art and nature. Farmers’ Market Toronto’s largest all-local market with 40+ farmers, prepared food vendors, crafters, bakers, butchers and fishers. Children’s Activities Eco-crafts, fun in the garden, face painting, food and music.
Guided Tours Explore heritage, art and nature.
3.5 Architectural Precedents
Hantz Farms: Detroit, MI 2008
Health: The poorest people often have the worst health, suffering from obesity and its associated complications. This is because the worst food for you is often the most processed and cheapest. Local food production on a large-scale would offer cheap and healthy food to the poorest citizens. Education and Tourism: I will never forget the English chef Jamie Oliver taking a tomato into the LA public school system where middle-schoolers identified it as a potato. The growing distance between the farm and the plate in America is taking its toll on our childrenâ€™s education. With farming integrated with our cities, children will be able to witness first hand food, its origin, and production. Economy: With an unlimited amount of dilapidated and deprived urban landscape in America is the possibility for
a new business industry to develop. This on its own will bring business and investment to cities in a new and creative way. Employment: Hantz Farm on its own employs 600 workers, mostly local residents. Urban agriculture is offering training opportunities to those that otherwise would be jobless. They are able to provide for their families and spend their time in ways that are contributing to their future success. Social Sustainability: These once dilapidated neighborhoods are becoming places where people are proud to live. With safety increasing and crime decreasing, the sense of community is growing. With many local residents operating the farms and buying their products, they are becoming a hub of social inclusion and a â€œthird place.â€? -www.hantzfarmsdetroit.com
Gotham Greens Brooklyn, NY 2008
Viraj Puri and Eric Haley had a vision for a local farm that would offer New York chefs and retailers the freshest and highest quality culinary ingredients, year-round, at competitive prices. Greenhouse The greenhouse has been designed to give our expert growers complete control of the growing environment â€” light, temperature, humidity, CO2, nutrition. The fully enclosed, sterile greenhouses minimize pest and disease risk. Sophisticated computer control systems manage heating, cooling, irrigation and plant nutrition. Food Miles Gotham Greensâ€™ proximity to its customers eliminates the need for longdistance, refrigerated food transportation, while improving quality. We sharply reduce transportation fuel con3.5 Architectural Precedents
sumption and the associated carbon emissions and air pollution. Hydroponics Hydroponics is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions. Nutrients are delivered to the plant in irrigation water eliminating soil. Water is re-circulated and none is wasted. Our specially designed re-circulating hydroponic methods save land, save water, eliminate agricultural runoff and chemical pesticides, and offer the benefits of efficient, high-yield, local, yearround food production. Year Round Production By operating year round, Gotham Greens can provide locally grown vegetables and herbs, even in the winter months, when local supply is typically low. -http://gothamgreens.com
3.5 Architectural Precedents
Fresh Moves Mobile Market Architecture for Humanity, Chicago, IL 2008
Fresh Moves Mobile Market is a proposal for a mobile store, built in a retrofitted city transit bus, to restore urban food access. Fresh Moves Mobile Market will focus on providing fresh fruit and producet. A July 2006 study sheds light on a major facet of community disinvestment in Chicago’s African-American communities: the lack of grocery stores. The study examines the phenomenon of “food deserts,” described as “communities with little or no access to grocery stores and quality, nutritious food choices.” The report demonstrated statistically significant relationships between food access and diet-related disease, including dibetes and obesity, and premature death. Minimizing the real estate aspect of the business could reduce start-up costs and lower risk for a new enterprise.
Parameters and Design Considerations: -Chicago Transit Authority bus -Four season operation -Green, sustainable and energy efficient technologies (i.e., bio-diesel fuel, solar-powered sound system, reused materials, etc.) -Appropriate shelving, refrigeration and storage for produce -Accessible/universal design -Storage area for packaged pre-ordered produced boxes/bags -Space for income generating signage/ advertisements -Easy loading and unloading produce -Space for point of purchase area -Area for educational and promotional materials - Speedy Construction -chicago.architectureforhumanity.org
Harvest Hub Program Description
Technologies to be explored are in the fields of urban agriculture, aquaponics, and sustainable transportation of food.
Food Retail Greenhouse Produce Freezing Cannery Cafe Demonstration Workshop Tool Storage Loading Food Storage Offices Bathrooms
5.1 Program Type
5.2 Programmatic Elements
The proposed project type is a means to healthy, accessible food, manifested in a urban agriculture center. The Harvest Hub serves as a connecting point for the existing and proposed urban agriculture as a point of retail and education. Beyond providing nutrient rich, locally grown food, the program aims to enrich a sense of community, responsibility, and health.
150 Tool Storage Circulation/ Mechanical
Offices Greenhouse/ Aquaponics
Demonstration Workshop Cafe
400 Food Storage Food Retail
5.3 Graphic Representation of Program
Total: 20,150 sf 33
Design Studies 35
Works Cited “Active Design Guidelines.” Design - Department of Design and Construction. The City of New York, 2008. Web. 04 Sept. 2012. <http://www.nyc.gov/html/ddc/html/design/active_design.shtml>. Designing Healthy Communities. Perf. Dr. Richard Jackson, MD, MPH. Designing Healthy Communities. PBS, 2012. Web. <http://designinghealthycommunities.org/>. Gottlieb, Robert, Amanda Shaffer, and Mark Vallianatos. “Transportation and Food: The Importance of Access.” (n.d.): n. pag. Www.uepi.oxy.edu. Web. Oct. 2010. Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. [New York]: Random House, 1961. Print. Rulz, Rebecca. “America’s Most Obese Cities.” Forbes. Forbes Magazine, 26 Nov. 2007. Web. 04 Sept. 2012. <http:// www.forbes.com/2007/11/14/health-obesity-cities-forbeslife-cx_rr_1114obese.html>. “Urban Farming Is Growing a Green Future.” National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Sept. 2012. <http://environment. nationalgeographic.com/environment/photos/urban-farming/>. “Zoning for a Healthy Baltimore.” John Hopkins Medicine. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2009-2010. Web. <http:// www.hopkinsbayview.org/pediatrics/zoning/files/FullReportColor.pdf>.
7.1 Written Sources
Image Sources Image References to be listed here
7.2 Project References