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Death of the Queen Written by Kelden Lin

What had seemed like a potential turnaround in the early morning of January 19, 1901, had been merely an illusion because Queen Victoria had been unconscious in bed for the next two days. She had fought her horrible health conditions for months now, but after a hard fought battle, she finally gets a rest in Osborne House. On January 22, 1901, the longest reigning British Monarch had her beating heart run out of time on earth. Prior to her death, signs of her failing health condition were noticed by her personal physician, Dr. James Reid. He discovered that she was dying due to the symptoms such as "the left side of her face had [starting] to sag" and "her speech [becoming] slightly slurred". The symptoms led Dr. James Reid to summon the Queen’s children and grandchildren before her inevitable death. Ultimately, she died surrounded by her beloved son and grandson. Her son (King Edward VII) and her grandson (Prince Arthur) sat by the deathbed of their mother and grandmother, respectfully. King Edward VII would take her reign in the future after the death of Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria had 9 children and 40 grandchildren; her eldest son King Edward VII is going to take over the throne. 63 years of reign from Queen Victoria is an accomplishment, but it has made the people of Britain forget what change is. With Queen Elizabeth’s death, the country is unstable, therefore makes plots for a revolt much easier than it was before. In 1861 Queen Victoria was devastated when her husband died at a young age of 43. After 20 years of happy marriage, Queen Victoria had to bear with the fact that her husband will never be alongside her. It was obvious that she was obsessed with him. “Why must I suffer like this? It's tearing the flesh from my bones.” Crowds would be jubilant when Queen Victoria made her grand appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace. Ever since Prince Albert’s death, however, she has withdrawn from public life. She had stopped greeting her people and showed no care for them. Prince Albert’s death has also caused her

Queen Victoria before her death.

personal life to affect her duties, not to say that she had a seeming inability to view political happenings in a pragmatic way. If you look at it, it was actually a good thing that Queen Victoria passed away. The people must act before it is too late. Revolution must be planned now or the idea of change will soon be put to sleep. The new king will reign, but if the people want to have their voices spoken, its now or never. Its time for a new era (not the Victorian Era), a time for a change.

London Dockers go on Strike

Taylor of the East and West India Dock Company mercilessly cut the “plus” rates for his own benefits in order to attract the ships into their own docks. Underpayment is not their only problem, but whether the dockers can obtain a job at all is the question. As the dock gates opens every morning, these proletariats have to fight a battle with each other to get closest to the man who only hires a limited number of dockers among the numerous workers. Ben Tillett, General Secretary of the Tea Operatives & General Labourers’ Association, and his union is not only eagerly involved in the dispute over matters of pay, but over the conditions of the dock workers. “We are driven into a shed, ironbarred from end to end, outside

Written by Joy Chen

The movement of the greatest promise in the East End for years occurred in the last night on the docks of London. The lowest of the outcasts of London, have united together to fight for the rights to themselves. This massive strike was led by the dock workers, of whom their daily meals are based on luck and chances, and are lost physically and morally whilst deteriorating into the state of utter starvation. The dock strike began over a dispute about “plus” money, which is a bonus pay for completing the work quickly, during the unloading of the ship Lady Armstrong in the West India Docks. The general, Lieutenant Colonel John Lowther du Plat

London doctors go on strike in 1889.

of which a foreman or contractor walks up and down with the air of a dealer in a cattlemarket, picking and choosing from a crowd of men, “ said Tillett as he describes work as our fellow London docker: “who, in their eagerness to obtain employment, trample each other under food, and where like beasts they fight for the chances of a day’s work. The strikers were influenced by the successful strike of the Match Stick Girls last year, and motivated by what it had achieved. If the dockers are united together, soon other sections will follow the lead. This glorious movement will serve as a catalyst of a series of transforms for a better East End.


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Sitdown with the Father Written By Kelly Hsu

April 1892 It was a great honor for the Red Marx to conduct an interview with Friedrich Engels, the father of communism and the figure that leads us forward. Friedrich shared his story on how he became such a great man. “My father was once a wealthy man with interests in some textile industries in England. When I grew older, it became obvious that he wanted me to follow his footsteps.”

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Not only does he understand Paris, he understands Italy – and everywhere else in Europe politically. “Marx and I believe that the abolition of social classes and the distribution of wealth could really help the government. The upper class does not understand how to control or run anything; the government should be trusted with that. Just look at what capitalism is doing to Europe now! Eventually, Marxism will have to come along and clean up the mess – why not now?”

Or will you spread the word about Marxism to turn things around? And again, it was a great pleasure to have been able to talk to Friedrich Engels. Don’t forget, you heard it first from Red Marx!

Engels is right. Will our nation be left for the people to watch in ruins?

Engels thought this was one of the best things his father had done for him. “It was great to have me follow his footsteps; I worked at one of my father’s mills as a manager in England in the 1840’s, about the time when I met Karl. There, I observed my workers and published the book “The Condition of the Working class in England”.” He is now traveling across Europe to spread and explain Marxism. “My friend Marx and I developed this new kind of government that is better than capitalism. With Marxism, I believe the whole of Europe can reach Utopia.” When asked about the recent outrages in Paris, Mr. Engels stated so: “I can only see in them the work of agents-provocateurs who have been paid to try to dishonor the parties in which they play a part. The government has every interest in the occurrence of these explosions, as they simultaneously serve the interests of the bourgeoisie in general and the intrigues of certain political groups in particular. In fact the intention is to panic the population, organize terror and lead a reaction.” It is obvious that Mr. Engels has vast knowledge in running a country. “In Italy -- again the same set-up with the proceedings instituted against Cipriani and the other anarchists. There, too, the actions of the agents-provocateurs have been exposed in open court.” The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain: Friedrich Engels


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Affairs gone Wilde Written By Kelly Hsu

It has been days since novelist, poet, and one of the greatest playwrights of the Victorian Era, Oscar Wilde, was found tangled in affairs with the same sex. The Aesthetic writer, married to Constance Lloyd and father of Cyril and Vyvyan Wilde, was found guilty of sodomy with 12 men. Homosexuality is illegal in Britain; nonetheless, unnatural sexual relations should receive zero toleration. Although death penalty was abolished in 1861, Wilde could still be imprisoned for 2 years under hard labor if he was found guilty; it was expected that Wilde would receive the worst punishment of all. During the trial – which was highly anticipated – the prosecution secret letters to male prostitutes written by Wilde was found. At the preliminary bailing, chambermaids confirmed that they have seen young men coming in and out of Wilde’s bedroom. On the third day, Wilde’s lawyer withdrew since there was little evidence to support Wilde. The judge said at Wilde’s sentencing:

“My wallpaper and I are fighting a duel to the death. One or the other of us has to go.” -Oscar Wilde's last words

“It is the worst case I have ever tried. I shall pass the severest sentence that the law allows. In my judgment it is totally inadequate for such a case as this. The sentence of the Court is

that you be imprisoned and kept to hard labor for two years.” Alfred Douglas was one of Wilde’s sexual affairs. While writing letters to each other about their scandalous rendezvous, some of them fell, unfortunately, into the hands of his father Sir John Sholto Douglas’ hands. Douglas, being extremely homophobic, argued Wilde has 12 different relationships from 1892 to 1894. And so, Oscar Wilde was finally put behind the bars on May 25, 1895 – justice has been served. As the judge had said, he will spend 2 years in prison under intensive labor. He is charged of Gross Indecency under Section 11 of the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885. But really, is 2 years enough? Before penalty was banned for unnatural relationships, 10 years was the typical charge for sodomy. Under Queen Victoria’s softened ruling, many, many crimes will continue to go unnoticed. Why was Wilde let go under such punishment? As a famous writer, he should really have known better and not commit such crimes. If Marx ruled, Wilde would have definitely not been let go so easily.


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An Interview With Charles Dickens Written By Joy Chen

“Please, sir, I want some more” speaks the minds of thousands of workers in the workhouses and factories of England. The world through the eyes of the man interviewed today is the world of true reality. Mr Charles Dickens is the man who brought about the closest thing to social revolution literature allows. His brilliantly written novels vividly describes the lives of people living in this fast industrialising country, of whom their status in the social hierarchy can be often distinguished through their characteristic traits. According to Mr Dickens, his books portray the poorest, dirtiest and ugliest side of our society, in comparison to the glamorous upper class, as the themes of his stories were discussed, he asked “What’s good in being posh and rich if we all end up like Sir Mulberry Hawk in Nicholas Nickleby? We should all love the little heroes like Oliver Twist and David Copperfield instead! “ Mr Dickens’s works consist of graphical details, capturing every corner of the lives of the lower class. When asked upon his inspirations of his novels, he concluded to be part of his life as he was growing up. “I observed,” Said Mr Dickens, “keenly of the surrounding during the time I spent in the debtor’s prison visiting my father. This is how I created the settings in Little Dorrit.” This subject inevitably led to his time working as a child labour at Warren’s Blacking Warehouse to help support his family while his father was imprisoned. The demanding and cruelty of such made a lasting impression in his mind; “It later on became my foundation of my interest in reforms of the socialeconomic and labour conditions.” In his latest novel, Oliver Twist, Mr Dickens addressed directly the issue that cause such a mental trauma in his childhood as the readers follow the footsteps of Oliver. “In the story, it was clearly visible how exploited those young children were,”

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criticised Mr Dickens, “by depicting the oppression of the poor, I want to raise awareness to the issue and change the public opinions regarding the class inequalities.” However as the matter of the conditions worsening after the introduction of the Poor Law in 1834, Mr Dickens is clearly angry and frustrated. Life in the workhouses is intentionally made harder and more difficult, yet our lives are handled by the government who deliberately deflects pain on their own people. “These public officials should be damned for allowing such exploitation and abuse to exist!” cried Mr Dickens in dismay. Nevertheless, he is as successful as a writer and a reformer can be right now. And his reason of success? “Whatever I have tried to do in life, I have tried with all my heart to do it well; whatever I have devoted myself to, I have devoted myself completely; in great aims and in small I have always thoroughly been in earnest.”

True to his words, Mr Charles Dickens today is still actively campaigning for many social reforms such as education and social equality through his cleverly written novels.

What Beauty of Life? Written By Kelden Lin

Love, Beauty, Violence, and Revolution. It is a fact that there can't be any love in violence or beauty in revolution. Romantic poets, namely William Wordsworth, have attempted to form life into a beautiful and lovely place. Many people believe that romantic poems are poems that speak truth and somehow can improve our society -- that statement is clearly not true. Romantic poems are merely

Charles Dickens, the man who brought the closest thing to social revolution literature allows.

beautiful sounding words mashed together to make a fake reality that does not exist. Revolutions are needed for a new change, rulers can rule the same way for extended period or time, or else the country would fall behind others. Lets take the Industrial Revolution for an example. Since William Wordsworth is a romantic poet, he made every single thing, every aspect of nature and beautified it as much as he could. As perfectionists, the romantic poets thought that the changes in social and economic conditions due to the revolutions revolutions, the Industrial Revolution in particular, caused ugly scenes. Not surprised, they wrote romantic poems, and one of them was called The Tables Turned by William Wordsworth. "Let Nature be your Teacher... Sweet is the lore which Nature brings; Our meddling intellect Mis-shapes the beauteous forms of things:-- We murder to dissect. Enough of Science and of Art; Close up those barren leaves; Come forth, and bring with you a heart That watches and receives." Wordsworth used poetry at the time of the Industrial Revolution to express his ideas and opinions. He targeted specific audiences to read his poems, and that the factories, mines, and other fields of the Industrial Revolution were cause of all the social and economic problems. How all the new inventions are harming our society rather than improving it. As we take a look back at the Industrial Revolution, it is obvious that the revolution was needed for the country to take a step forward. William Wordsworth held simplistic beliefs, and that nature held the answer to a simple, happy and healthy life. It is obvious that most of the things coming out of Wordsworth's are just nonsense. Revolutions are needed time to time for improvement as a country, yes, it is ugly, but it does the job. Next time you read a romantic poem (especially written by William Wordsworth), remember to not take every single phrase of the poem too seriously; don't get sucked into the imaginary world that does not exist.


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