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house among among pine pine trees trees house

Design of Singular Building Skins


authors:

advisor:

Concepcion Prats Ortuño Amelie Jasper José M. Moyano Antonio Galiano Garrigós

Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectonicas Univesidad de Alicante ©2012


house among the trees

Introduction: “Design a Healthy Home”

4

Location

5

Plot General Plan

6

Elevations

7

Ground Floor

10

First Floor

11

Second Floor

12

Sections

13

Materials

13

Details

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Design of Singular Building Skins

Design a Healthy Home Lay the foundation for a healthy home that nourishes your body and soul You know when you have entered a healthy home. Regardless of the period and style, there is a sense of harmony and purity that nourishes both body and soul. Over time, you may also notice that you breathe more easily, feel more content, and begin each day with heightened energy and enthusiasm. One of the great ironies of the twentieth century is that the very technologies intended to enhance our well-being have often undermined our health: - Modern heating and cooling systems entice us with promises of temperatureperfect rooms, yet colds and allergies plague us - Chemical additives permit more durable paints, fabrics, wood, and construction materials, yet they fill the air with toxic fumes

- Mass-produced synthetics and composite construction materials appear to save money, yet their ingredients trouble us with ailments ranging from mild headaches to severe depression. Ultimately, there’s something unsatisfying about wrinkle-proof fabrics and laboratory-created walls and floors. Lacking the warmth and patina of materials drawn from nature, they sap our spirits in ways that are subtle yet profound. What Is A Healthy Home? The healthy home nurtures those who dwell inside and also protects the world beyond its walls. Designed with sensitivity for the environment, it is energyefficient, economical, sustainable, and non-polluting.

A healthy home may resemble the eco-friendly houses that evolved as part of the popular green architecture movement of the 1980s and 1990s. Drawing from ancient building techniques, these homes are constructed of earth, clay, straw, or steel-reinforced concrete forms. Solar-powered and naturally cooled, they provide modern comforts without draining resources. However, you don’t need to set up housekeeping in a monolithic dome or an earth-sheltered dwelling to live in harmony with nature. Even the most traditional home, which may have been built long before the rise in environmental consciousness, can be adapted to incorporate the key principles of healthy design.

Healthy Home Checklist Healthy For the Body • Free your home from toxins • Arrange furnishings and storage for comfort and ease • Get rid of bulky, dust-collecting cushions • Vent moisture from damp rooms • Create special places for exercise and relaxation • Healthy For the Psyche Healthy For the Psyche • Clear away clutter • Let in the sun • Choose mood-enhancing colors • Grow fragrant herbs • Fill rooms with soothing sounds Healthy For the Soul • Provide quiet places for reflection • Replace throwaways with keepsakes • Strive for simplicity and moderation • Bring nature indoors • Honor the environment

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Portions of this article are adapted from The Healthy Home, a home design book by Jackie Craven, Rockport Publishers


House Among Pine Trees

Location

aereal view

Lloma Bada in Petrer

The plot chosen is located in a recently urbanized area call Lloma Bada, a Petrer’s suburb. The house is vhon Cerdeùa St., isolated in a block still undeveloped. The position is particularly privileged because it is in the urbanized area boundary, very close to the slopes of the mountain formation east of Petra. An area full of native vegetation, especially pines.

plan 1:10000

north view

Lloma Bada in Petrer

chosen plot

5


Design of Singular Building Skins

Plot General Plan Besides the house main building (A) the design includes a garage (B) right next to the street and comunicated with the house through a simple path which goes along among the pines, so you don’t enter the house directly from the street but you feel like geting inside the nature first. Another path make is way in the back side of the house taking you to a small pavillon conceived as a “place for exercise and relaxation�. A balcony on the slope high enough to be a privileged viewpoint.

44.00

B

31.98

A

C 23.72

e: 1/300

A: House a three floor building in the midle of the plot among the trees holds the rooms and services which make the house B: Garage located right next to the street this construction has the minimun area needed to place the car, and is connected to the house by a path C: Pavillon this simple construction in the highest side of the plot provides the users a out-door place for exterior activities when wheater is appropriate

6


House Among Pine Trees

Elevations The north faรงade, is filled with windows giving a continuous visual comunication with the trees in the front side of the house. Nevertheless the rest of the faรงades have no windows to offset the energetic lost effect of the big amount of glass in the north side.

North Faรงade

East Faรงade

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Design of Singular Building Skins

General Pespective of the Plot

8


House Among Pine Trees

9


Design of Singular Building Skins

Ground Floor

The ground foor contains the common spaces for every daily activity, such as the kitchen, living room and dinning room all of them in only undivided space. Containing the right space for “arrange furnishings and storage for comfort and ease�. There is also a small toilet next to the entrance.

12.54

4.64

4

1

2 3

3.97

11.49

e: 1/100

1 Kitchen 2 Dinning Room 3 Living Room 4 Toilet

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House Among Pine Trees

First Floor

The bedroom is located in the first floor and it’s conected visualy with the rest of the house since it has no wall on the east side. Next to the bedroom the is a complete bathroom with nature ventilation and ilumination (day light) provide by a window in the north façade.

6 5

e: 1/100

5 Bedroom 6 Bathroom

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Design of Singular Building Skins

Second Floor

In the second floor there is a working place, visualy conected to the interior of the house byofliving oneBuilding side opened, Design Singular Skins the same as the bedroom. And in the other side of the building, over the bathroom there is a close room for placing the instalations and machinery for air conditioner, heating and humidity control. Everything in one isolated room, which acces is a small discret door accesible with a stepladder.

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7

e: 1/100

7 Working Place 8 Instalations Room

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House Among Pine Trees

Sections

Section AA’ B

B’

e: 1/100

materials According to the intentions of the project the finishing materials have been chossen to intensify the feel of nature spaces. So the façades have been finish with cedar boards, and in the interior the wall oposite to the windows is completly made with gabions, bringing this way natural materils to the interior too.

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Design of Singular Building Skins

Section BB’ A 1

2

4

3

5

e: 1/100 A’

Interior House Perspective

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House Among Pine Trees

Details

Detail 1

1

1 Gravel Plastic waterproof layer 15 mm plywood 70 mm (min) glass-wool thermal Insulation to falls 24 mm plywood 30 mm thermal insulation 105/200 mm laminated pine beam 45/45 mm battens 12.5 mm plasterboard

50 mm cypress frame with double glazing: 2 x 6 mm toughened glass + 6 mm cavity

120/120 mm laminated pine column

e: 1/10

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Design of Singular Building Skins

Detail 2

fixed double glazing: 2 x 6 mm toughened glass + 12 mm cavity 120/120 mm laminated pine column

2.1 12 mm birch parquet 12 + 28 plywood 105/200 mm lam. pine joists 45/45 mm battens 12.5 mm plasterboard

2.1

2.2 2.2 10 mm cedar boarding, burned and impregnated 20 mm rigid-foam insulation plastic waterproof layer 115/1250 mm lam. pine unit e: 1/10

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House Among Pine Trees

Detail 3

fixed double glazing: 2 x 6 mm toughened glass + 12 mm cavity

120/120 mm laminated pine column

3.1 cedar boarding, impregnated on waterproof layer 150 mm reinforced concrete 105 mm polyurethane insulation 9 + 6 mm plywood

3.1

3.2 12 mm birch parquet 12 + 28 mm plywood 45/45 mm pine battens and 90/90 mm pine bearers 250 mm concrete floor slab 3.2 e: 1/10

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Design of Singular Building Skins

Detail 4

4.1

4.2

e: 1/10

4.1 cedar boarding, impregnated on waterproof layer 200 mm reinforced concrete 75 mm polyurethane insulation 180 mm gabion stones

4.2 stainless steel water grillage over draining gravel

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House Among Pine Trees

Detail 5

5.1 draining gravel waterproof layer 200 mm reinforced concrete 180 mm gabion stones

5.1

5.2 12 mm birch parquet 12 + 28 mm plywood 45/45 mm pine battens and 90/90 mm pine bearers 250 mm concrete floor slab

5.3 draining gravel studded draining layer small size gravel water collector Ă˜ 20 mm

5.2 e: 1/10

5.3

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Design of Singular Building Skins

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House Among Pine Trees

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House Among The Trees