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Keke Wang Master of City Planning University of Manitoba

Keke Wang City Planning Specialized in a range of planning theories and practices, including Transit-oriented Development, Urban Design with Nature, Low Impact Development, Smart Growth, Active Transportation Planning, Complete Street, and Mixed-use Development.

108B - 2393 Pembina Hwy, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2H4 (Phone): 204.294.8835

Education Master of City Planning University of Manitoba, Faculty of Architecture

9/2012 - 10/2015

Bachelor of Environmental Science Dalhousie University, Faculty of Agriculture Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University

9/2007 - 12/2011

Experience 9/2012 - 10/2015 Graduate Research (Winnipeg, Canada) Department of City Planning, University of Manitoba • Conducted thesis research on green infrastructure planning and implementation for urban stormwater management and developed a design proposal and recommendations for the Xiamen urban context. (Thesis Link: • Regularly engaged with and presented to various publics including City of Winnipeg advisory committees, development stakeholders, neighbourhood associations and community members. • Conducted Client-based Planning and Design Studios: 1. Age-Friendly Deer Lodge and St.James-Assiniboia 2. Partnership of Manitoba Capital Region 3. Brokenhead Ojibway Nation Land Use & Community Planning Pilot Project • Completed a case-in-point project (in collaboration with Chris Baker and David Jopling, Planners at MMM Group Limited): Informing Station Area Plans in Winnipeg: Illumination from Minneapolis and St. Paul Experience • Participated in 2014 ULI Hines Urban Design Competition: Envisioning a New Core of Vibrant Urban Life in Nashville, Tennessee 9/2013 - 4/2014 Planning Assistant (Winnipeg, Canada) Brokenhead Ojibway Nation Land Use Planning Program • Inputted community feedback on current land use onto electronic map. • Applied coding system for the documentation and compilation of S.W.O.T analysis data, and conducted S.W.O.T. survey designs for future consultation. • Created a Community Profile for Brokenhead to help guide current and future planning decisions.

4/2013 - 8/2013 Planner, Intern (Xiamen, China) Xiamen Urban Planning & Design Institute, Department #1 of Planning and Design • Conducted planning research and case study to inform land use planning for an industrial district. • Worked with senior planners on a community visioning and redevelopment plan nearby mountains. • Assisted senior planners with field investigation, conceptual design, modeling, section drawing, and perspective rendering in various development plans including hospital and hotel projects. 4/2012 - 6/2012 Landscaping Worker (Nova Scotia, Canada) Pro Green Landscaping, Co.Ltd • Conducted landscape construction and daily maintenance for both commercial and residential properties and demonstrated good communication and cooperation abilities in team works. • Efficiently performed tree planting and modular retaining wall construction. • Gained practical views and insights to inform future career in urban design and planning field. Manager Assistant, Intern

1/2012 - 3/2012

(Xiamen, China)

Xiamen Baicheng Construction & Investment Co.Ltd • Reviewed development regulations and assisted senior engineers with approval procedure on construction plans submitted by design institutes. • Arranged application package, performed document transfer, and coordinated with relevant departments for development approval. Landscape Design, Intern (Xiamen, China) 4/2011 - 8/2011 Xiamen Luluxing Greenproject Construction Co.,Ltd • Conducted design research and case study to inform landscape design for a city highway in Xiamen. • Assisted senior landscape architects with field investigation, photography and site analysis to inform design interventions for a residential project.





InDesign Photoshop Illustrator Google Sketchup Auto CAD Arc GIS

Awards Dean David Witty Urban Design Scholarship Price Industries Limited Faculty of Architecture Recruitment Award Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia Agriculture College, Honour Bachelor Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia Agriculture College, International Student Scholarship Fujian Agricultural and Forestry University, Outstanding Graduate

2013 2012 2009 2009 2007

- 2014 - 2013 - 2011 - 2010 - 2011

References David van Vliet | Associate Professor Department of City Planning Faculty of Architecture, University of Manitoba Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2 t: 204.474.7176 | f: 204.474.7532

Jean Trottier | Assistant Professor Department of Landscape Architecture Faculty of Architecture, University of Manitoba Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2 t: 204.474.9641 | f: 204.474.7532

Table of Contents Master’s Thesis...............................................................................................3 Retrofitting Green Infrastructure for Urban Stormwater Management: A Proposal and Recommendations to the Xiamen Urban Context

Urban Design................................................................................................25 Variations: Envisioning a New Core of Vibrant Urban Life

Station Area Plan.........................................................................................39 Transforming Pembina Strip to a Parkinride Neighborhood

Studio Works (Reports are available upon requests)...................................48 1. Age-Friendly Deer Lodge and St.James-Assiniboia 2. Unique in Strengths, Unified as a Region: A Framework for Regional Collaboration 3. Collaborative Project Between Brokenhead Ojibway Nation & The University of Manitoba Department of City Planning on Land Use and Community Planning

GIS Application.............................................................................................53 1. Coffee Shop Service Mapping - Locating a New Donut Store 2. Identifying Possible Fly-in Lodge Locations in Nopiming Provincial Park

Other Interests.............................................................................................58 Seal Cutting / Photography / Basketball



Project Location: Xiamen, China Project Time: 5/2014 - 8/2015 Project Type: Master’s Thesis Project Advisor: Dr. David van Vliet

Retrofitting Green Infrastructure for Urban Stormwater Management: A Proposal and Recommendations to the Xiamen Urban Context Preliminary reconnaissance undertaken in summer 2013 identified the scale of stormwater management issues in Xiamen, having frequent storm events that overwhelm the stormwater and sewer infrastructure resulting in widespread flooding. This research explored the role that green facilities play in addressing stormwater issues through the inquiry of the Low Impact Development strategies and techniques. The author conducted a design proposal of green infrastructure retrofit for a selected study block in the central area of Xiamen to help guide water sensitive urban design and development in the future.

Xiamen Flooding Issues, 2013

Keywords: Low Impact Development; Green Infrastructure; flooding; Planning; Implementation; Sustainable Stormwater Management 3

Research Framework

Retrofitting Green Infrastructure for Urban Stormwater Management: A Proposal and Recommendations to the Xiamen Urban Context

Chapter 1 Introduction Background Research

Problem Statement

Impervious Surface

Research Objectives

Stormwater Runoff

Research Questions

Flooding Issues Xiamen Problems

Chapter 2 Literature Review

Problem Dignosis and Solution Exploration

Chapter 3 Precedent Documentation Findings, Lessons and Applications

Chapter 4 Design Application Outcomes and Recommendations

Chapter 5 Conclusion



Urbanization Impacts Conventional Stormwater Management Green Infrastructure

Green Infrastructure - Property Scale - Street Scale - Network Scale Principle 1-4

Low Impact Development

Precedent Cities Initiatives - Portland and Seattle (Interviews and Analysis) Precedent projects - Shoemaker Green - Tanner Springs Park - Olympic Village

Decentralized Detention Infiltration Cleaning Evaporation

Importance - Education - Policies and Regulations - Financing and Incentives - Administration and Stewardship Principle 5-8

Site and Context Inquiry Development of Design Framework Development Interventions

Future Visions (Design Concepts) - Stormwater On-site Control - Three Watersheds Management - Pedestrian and Cyclist Green Tour

Response to Research Questions Seven Recommendations for Xiamen Assessment of Research Methodology


Background 40% evapotranspiration

30% evapotranspiration

60% 50% 40%

55% runoff

10% runoff

30% 20% 10%

25% shallow infiltration

25% deep infiltration

10% shallow infiltration


5% deep infiltration


Evaportranspiration Natural land


Urbanized land

Comparison of Natural and Urbanized Land

Traditional Stormwater Management: • Relied on underground piping • Transfer the rainfall away quickly • Less considerations for water quality

Sustainable Stormwater Management: • Imitates natural hydrological function • Provides for decentralized; detention; cleaning; infiltration; evapotranspiration

Quality Quantity


LID best practices Quantity

Research Questions 1. Concerning Low Impact Development principles and strategies 1a. What are Low Impact Development (LID) best practices and where are informative precedents of their application? 2. Inquiring current situation of stormwater management in Xiamen 2a. What is the current condition of urban stormwater drainage in Xiamen? 2b. What role does urban landscape play in Xiamen currently? 3. Facilitating sustainable stormwater management (policy-based) 3a. What are effective ways to stimulate the implementation and proliferation of LID in Xiamen urban area? 4. Facilitating sustainable stormwater management (design-oriented) 4a. How to apply Low Impact Development (LID) strategies into the study block, to achieve more sustainable urban stormwater management? 4b. In what ways can the implementation of Low Impact Development (LID) strategies make the block more inviting and aesthetically pleasing? 5

Site Analysis


A Large


B Inacc



ang L

d Yuan

C Moun





Stormwater Drainage Pipes Flow Direction

The existing drainage of the district, where the study block is located, is under the control of a major piping system along roads, collecting most stormwater runoff generated from each block. Most green spaces have been designed with little contribution to stormwater management regarding reducing the speed of overland flow and providing for infiltration on site.

D Large

Flooding in Yuandang Lake

E Concr 6

e Impervious Public Square

cessible Green Space

nded Planting Beds

e Surface Parking

Based on the site and context inquiry, the author explored and identified opportunities and constraints as a reference for further design interventions.

Opportunities 1 Propose green roofs on rooftops and provide accessible roof gardens for recreation as needed. 2 Retrofit basketball grounds for stormwater detention (either visible or invisible). 3 Implement pervious pavements on parking lots. 4 Turn mounded planting beds to be depressed for water retention and percolation. 5 Re-arrange the parking lots and propose a multi-functional stormwater park in front of Xiamen Art Gallery. 6 Retrofit the green spaces in front of Xiamen Museum and Xiamen City Library for stormwater management and extend the green corridor towards Yuandang Lake. 7 Revitalize abondoned golf park and provide a large-scale retention system. 8 Propose subsurface detention Cisterns underlying the green spaces of Xiamen Marine College and the football field of Xiamen Sport Center to be end-receiving water bodies. 9 Propose a retention system on the temporary parking square and improve commercial environment of adjacent streets. Propose (pedestrian and cyclist)-friendly green network throughout the neiborhood to connect potential demonstration sites.

Constraints 1 Load-bearing capacity of roof structure can be a barrier for eco-roof applications. 2 Xiamen’s local natural soil (red soil) is not appropriate for water infiltration. 3 Underground parking and superstore would have influences on green facility design, planning and implementation. 4 Xiamen’s storm events in the summer are usually extremely intense in short period, which would beyond the stormwater management capacity of individual green infrastructure.

rete Bank of the Lake 7

Design Framework

Design Goals Stormwater Treatment

Sustainable Stormwater Management

Reduction of Stormwater Runoff in Rate and Volume

Informed by literature review

Principle 1

Principle 2

Principle 3

Principle 4

Enable water reuse for domestic demands, landscape irrigation and others

Flow train system: (Site-by-site basis to neighborhoodwide approach )

Reduce impervious surface

Collectively construct green infrastructure at a variety of types and scales

Property scale

Street scale

Network Scale

Refer to literature review

Refer to literature review

Refer to literature review

Green roofs

Stormwater planters

Rain gardens


Retention/detention ponds

Permeable paving Rainwater harvesting


Education/Demonstration of Sustainable Stormwater Management Consider for different age groups

Informed by precedent projects

Pedestrians Cyclists

Consider for different users


Principle 5

Principle 6

Principle 7

Principle 8

Make stormwater flow visible

Integrate green infrastructure with human amenities

Encourage social interaction with water features

Expose principles of stormwater management

Regional analysis Watershed analysis

Site and Context Inquiry

Land use analysis Circulation analysis Green space analysis Opportunities and constraints

Integrated Solutions for Stormwater Management

Design Interventions Concept 1

Concept 2

Concept 3

Stormwater on site control

Three basic watersheds from the CAC block to Yuandang Lake

Pedestrian and cyclist green tour


Design Proposal C11 C10

C7 C1

C12 C9


C3 C8 C14

C4 C13 C5

SD1 Subsurface Detention


Retention Pond



Subsurface Detention

Flow Direction Overflow to Piping 10

Watershed Subdivision The proposed watershed subdivision of the study block is based on addressing stormwater on site first, before being conveyed and released to the next receiving systems. According to rules of thumb of LID practices, these subdivisions are designed to at least manage 2-year 24-hour storm events (103mm). During heavy storms, overflows from each site will be transferred to the Yuandang Lake through SDs (Systems of Subsurface Detention/Infiltration), Retention Ponds, or existing underground piping. Specific overflow trains from each catchment basin are indicated on the left. The proposed green infrastructure network not only contributes to stormwater reduction in rate and volume, but also improves stormwater quality.

Stormwater Overflow Trains

(Cx = Stormwater Catchment Area x)

Retention Pond

C1 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake


C2 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake C3 > C4 > SD1 > SD2 > Yuandang Lake C4 > SD1 > SD2 > Yuandang Lake C5 > C4 > SD1 > SD2 > Yuandang Lake C6 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake C7 > C4 > SD1 > SD2 > Yuandang Lake C7 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake C8 > C4 > SD1 > SD2 > Yuandang Lake C8 > C6 > Existing Piping > Yudang Lake C9 > R1 > Yuandang Lake C10 > C9 > R1 > Yuandang Lake C10 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake C11 > C10 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake C11 > Existing Piping > Yuandang Lake C12 > C14 > R2 > Yuandang Lake C13 > R1 > Yuandang Lake C14 > R2 > Yuandang Lake





Green Infrastructure at Property Scale (Residential Site/C1)

Filtration Planters

Infiltration Planters

Accessible Grassland

Permeable Pavements 12

Precipitation Evaporation Rooftops Accessible Turf


Reuse Yuandang Lake Existing Piping

Permeable Paving

Infiltration Planters/ Rain Gardens

Subsurface Detention Groundwater Recharge

Visible Cisterns

Filtration Planters

Target: manage two-year 24-hour stormwater events (103mm) on site before they are released to existing piping

Reuse Rain Harvesting Cistern


Sizing Determination for Green Infrastructure

Area: 4201m2

The volume of rainwater falling on the property block = 4201m2 x 0.103m = 432.703m3

Perspective of the residential site 14

Area: 1796m2

The volume of rainwater falling on the permeable pavement and sidewalk stormwater planters = 1796m2 x 0.103m = 185m3

Area(including rooftops): 1299m2

The volume of rainwater falling on the rooftops, adjacent filtration planters and rainwater cisterns = 1299m2 x 0.103m = 133.8m3 These water would be treated by the filtration planters and collected by the rainwater cisterns. Overflows would be conveyed to three rain gardens as needed.

Total green area: 1106m2 Rain garden area: 361m2

The volume of rainwater falling on the green areas = 1106m2 x 0.103m = 113.9m3 To collect water runoff (runoff value= 0.25) from entire green areas. The minimum depth of the rain garden = [(1106m2 - 361m2) x 0.103mm x 0.25 + 361m2 x 0.103mm - 361m2 x 0.0125m/hour x 1 hour]/361m2 = 0.144m (14.4cm) This is lower than the maximum depth 30cm as discussed. Thus additional infrastructure would be not nessessary if the practice intends to manage only one-year 24-hour storm events.

Proposed: Existing: - inaccessible - poor aesthetics

- accessible - recreational - improved aesthetic value - stormwater management - education benefits


Street Scale (Green Corridor) The proposed green corridor collects stormwater runoff from adjacent rooftops and the large public square. As this area was constructed with underground parking and shopping mall, deep water infiltration is not appropriate in this area. However, rainwater harvesting cisterns could be installed to pursue water reuse as needed if space permits. During heavy storms, stormwater overflows would be conveyed through the connection piping to the next water receiving body.

Catchment Area (C9)


Water Flow Analysis

Underdrain piping Stormwater flow direction

Perspective of the green corridor



Green Infrastructure Layers Design Strategies Lighted Glass Cover

1. Collect stormwater from two large-footprint buildings, and adjacent water runoff from the impervious public square. 2. Make the channel visible and accessible for recreational activities.

Water channel

3. Install lighted glass covers on the water channeal that go through three small plazas to increase aesthetic value and provide bearing capacity for pedestrian. 4. Construct depressed green facilities and vegetative buffers for water treatment before entering into the channel and being conveyed to the next receiving drainage system.

Green Facilities

5. Provide accessible green space and other amenities (seating/picnic tables) for human activities. 6. Integrate pedestrian paths with green and blue patterns to allow for social interaction with the water features.

Pedestrian Circulation

7. Apply education signage and other means to enlighten citizens regarding how the stormwater is sustainably managed on site and where is the next receiving drainage system during heavy storms.


Network Scale (Stormwater Park)

Regular days

Stormwater park and watershed subdivision 20

10-year Storms

2-year Storms

Legend Connection Piping or Trench Surface Stormwater Runoff

Subsurface detention System 1 (Xiamen Marine College Campus)

Stormwater flow analysis of the proposed stormwater park

Storm Events at Different Scales

Stormwater Park Subsurface Detention

In regular days between storm events, people of different age groups are able to enhance their knowledge and awareness of sustainability through engaging with a variety of green facilities, including stormwater planters, rain gardens, a wet pond, and permeable pavements constructed for both pedestrians and parking lots. The small detention pond with a fountain facility and the large pond with a performance stage work as a focus point for the general public, while during storm events, they turn to collect stormwater runoff generated from its own site and adjacent rooftops, parking lots, driveways as well. During 10-year or larger storm events, overflows from this park would be conveyed to next receiving drainage system (SD1) proposed on the campus of Xiamen Marine College.

Overflow Connection Piping



Post-design Indicators (the CAC block)



Green Space of Total Area 36%

Aerial view of the CAC neighbourhood 22


0.8% 9%

Green Roof of Total Rooftop Area 42%

Permeable Pavement of Total Area





Significant Stormwater Facilities


Stormwater Runoff


Green Tour




To further stimulate the continuity of public nodes and deliver multi-function awareness of green stormwater infrastructure, a proposed green tour with dedicated lanes and routes for pedestrians and cyclists has been highlighted in the map of Green Tour, indicating significant areas for recreation, study, sport, and stormwater management.



Variations in elevation, levels of openness, commercial conditions, activities, atmosphere via interactive lighting, green space functions, demography, housing type, and connectivity.



Project Location: Nashville, Tennessee, US. Project Time: 1/2014 (two weeks) Project Type: Urban Design Competition Project Partners: Xuan He, Chengru Liang, Bing Wang, Lue Zhan Project Advisor: Richard Perron

This new-generation, and master-planned riverfront community was designed under the banner of cultural initiatives in Nashville to reflect its rich cultural heritage, by identifying live music venues to engage residents and visitors. The design proposal was aimed to position the community as a “healthy destination of place to live”, which would be fulfilled by applying multitudes of “variations” as described. The endeavor and merit of “variations” look to set the benchmark as the future of sustainable and resilient community for years to come. Targeting the standards of LEED certification, this project was designed around the principles of new urbanism, including Green Building, Smart Growth, Transit Oriented Development, Water Sensitive Urban Design, and sustainable community design in harmony with nature. 25

Regional Context North to Kentucky

Shelby Park

Tennessee State University

Fisk College

Capitol Building

nd River


West to State Parks

Centennual Medical Center

East to Airport




Existing Bikeways Existing BRT Existing Historical Sites Existing BRT Stations with Parking Existing BRT Stations

Proposed Bus Route Additional Bikeways Proposed Bus Stations on Site Site Boundary The Variation Plaza

Site Analysis

Legend: Proposed Bus Stop Existing Bus Stop Primary Streets Secondary Streets Tertiary Streets

Transportation Two proposed bus stops lead traffic directly into the heart of the development. As the diagram shows, the study site is totally within 400-meter radius areas of the two proposed bus stops. The site would become easily accessible via both public and private transit options.

Legend: Proposed Green Network on Site Green Belt Proposed by City

Green Infrastructure The public plaza and the rooftop open spaces greatly increase the site’s permeability. Combined with the proposed green belt across the river, the ecological condition on site can expect a measurable improvement.


Legend: Hotel Retail office Residential Parking

Land Use Different land uses are mixed in both horizontal and vertical distribution. Commercial establishments dominate the streetscape with residential and office uses on higher levels.

Parcel code


Infill Strategies

Block J

For office district (Block J): Scattered Spot-infill 1. Raise the three existing separated office buildings. 2. Infill with lower office buildings with smaller footprints. 3. Each of the three buildings acts as a center around which an annex of commercial/ parkade/bus station is organized. 4. Building heights and orientations are designed for maximum sunlight and ventilation. 5. Connect the buildings via a network of rooftop open spaces.

Block L

For residential district (Block L): Enclosed Courtyard infill 1. Retain or modified the existing warehouses to create two courtyard form housing groups 2. Integrate structural parkade with courtyard green roof on top 3. Placing the opening of the courtyard on the side of the riverfront 4. Building heights and orientations are designed for maximum sunlight and ventilation 5. Diversify the usage of the green roofs, for example, rain gardens, edible plants cultivation, and leisure activities. 29

Phased Developement The first phase will commence in 2016 and last two years. The core of which is the public plaza with surrounding mixed-use development, including affordable housing in parcel “F”, hotel in parcel “H”, office in parcel “K1”, and retail district in parcel “K2” and “i2”. The duration of the second phase is from 2018 to 2020. This development is situated in the north half of parcel “J” and “L” with office and residential uses on upper levels, and commercial conditions underneath. Residential development consists of luxurious townhouses by the riverfront and apartment buildings behind.

Phase I (2016-2017)

Similar to the second phase, the third phase will complete the rest of the development located in the remaining parts of parcel “J” and “L”.

Phase II (2018-2020)

Parcel code Phase III (2021-2024) 30

Square Feet



Square Feet



Phase I










Phase II


Legend: Park Square Feet


Phase III

Hotel Ofiice Retail Market-Rate for Rental Market-Rate for Sale 0







Workforce Rental


The moment at which music reveals its true nature is contained in the ancient exercise of the theme with variations. The complete mystery of music is explained right there. — Pierre Schaeffer


rs Jeffe




tre on S

19 7




B 4 2

et tre nS








P 10

9 12

Plaza 1



Performance Area 2



Light Path 3



Workforce Housing 4


Apartment+Commercial 8 13 16



Hotel 5 Civic+Office+Commercial 6


Fountain 7 15

Stock-Yard Restaurant 9

Bus Terminal 12


n riso




Townhouse 17


u ven dA 2n

Office+Commercial 10 11 14 15

e nu Ave 3rd

Riverfront Sand Beach 18 Music Bikeway 19 Existing Rail 20 Bridge 21 Parkade P






Design Statement Variations in elevation: raise the ground The parcel of land between the 1st and 2nd Avenues is raised 1.5 meter higher on its riverfront side, keeping the site above the 500-year flood level. The wall strategy hides the rail track running along the 1st avenue when viewed from the plaza, and creates tiered conditions from the riverfront to the buildings. This raised edge creates a patio condition for the commercial spaces on the ground floor, looking out onto the urban sand beach and greenery along the riverfront. With the city’s proposal of turning the current industrial land across the river into an ecological green belt, it is reasonable to forecast a significant increase of value of this part of the development in the years to come.

Two levels of open spaces The network of open spaces has two main components. On the ground a level, a large triangular public plaza links the 3rd Avenue to the riverfront, surrounded by mixed-use developments that define its boundaries. To the south of the plaza, on the elevated level of rooftops of various heights, a series of open spaces are linked by bridges between buildings. Variations in levels of openness Both arrangements give rise to possibilities of interesting edge conditions, yet each provokes a distinctive spatial experience. The lower levels and upper levels are connected and easy to move through, bringing these variations together as a whole. A

Variations in commercial conditions A ring of general public oriented commercial establishments border the plaza, including the modified existing historical restaurant. The open spaces above ground level connect office and residential settings, creating varied degrees of public and private conditions tailored to specialty commercial establishments (such as spas, gyms, salons, restaurants, etc.). With a proposed bus terminal placed at the corner of the plaza on 2nd Avenue, a commercial strip is expected to develop along the street, feeding off the working and living population as well as attracting visitors for events. The patio along 1st Avenue looks out onto the river, providing an idea condition for businesses such as restaurants and cafĂŠs.

1st e

nu Ave

Variations in activities The ground level plaza incorporates the existing bikeway, which will run along the newly developed riverfront. A paved performance area can be viewed from seating steps across the 2nd Avenue, with the evening sun illuminating the stage throughout the year. Taking a leisurely stroll on the rooftops away from hustle and bustle of the ground level is a great way to relax, and a variety of businesses along the way will provide plenty of things to see and to do. The urban beach along the riverfront is the place to experience an unobstructed view of the river and sun bathing. Variations in atmosphere via interactive lighting The paving connecting the seating and the performance area radiates interactive light that can be programmed to display various colors and patterns. The same principle also applies to the bridges that connect the rooftop open spaces, adding a lively accent to the built environment. 33

Variations in green space functions The upper level open spaces are used for outdoor living, recreation, urban food production as well as storm water collection, which together with the large plaza on the ground level greatly increase the ecological and cultural permeability of the site.

office Roof Plaza

Entrance Square


Variations in demography The variety of the physical arrangement and functional design of this proposal serves to promote a vibrant urban life style. By providing a wide range of choices and activities, it hopes to attract a diverse demographic to visit and inhabit the site. Variations in housing type A range of housing options are integrated into the proposal, such as town house apartment, and condominiums. Units are available for sale, rental as well as work force housing.


Section A 0

Variations in connectivity The site is highly accessible. A new bus terminal at the center of the site allows easy connections to the existing surrounding bus system. Cycling along the Music City Bikeway brings one directly into the heart of the development. Parking structures under the network of rooftop open spaces supply ample space for the driving public.




Riverfront Plaza Apartment


Office Green Roof

Outdoor Seating Tunnel

1st Ave

Section B 0







Retail Courtyard Roof Garden

Solar Panel Apartment

Light Bridge

Town House Beach

Entrance Square

Food Garden

Rain Garden

Vertical Planting

Jogging Path


Patio 1st Ave,

Riverfront Promenade

500-year Flood Level 100-year Flood Level

Storm Water Colletction


The Stock-Yard Restaurant Roof Plaza

g Instruments Retails Entrance to Plaza Bikeshare Station Light Path Office/Studio Exit from Ballpark

Performance Area Ballpark


Fountain Bikeway

Underground Parking

3rd Ave

2nd Ave


An Evening Concert

The ground level plaza incorporates the existing bikeway, which would run along the newly developed riverfront. A paved performance area can be viewed from seating steps across the 2nd Avenue, with the evening sun illuminating the stage throughout the year. Taking a leisurely stroll on the rooftops away from hustle and bustle of the ground level is a great way to relax, and a variety of businesses along the way would provide plenty of things to see and to do. The urban beach along the riverfront is the place to experience an unobstructed view of the river and sun bathing.

Conclusion Phased Development Statement This master-planned community will be built out throughout ten-year period, separated by three phases. The first phase will commence in 2016 and last two years, the core of which is the public plaza with surrounding mixed-use development, including affordable housing in parcel “F”, hotel in parcel “H”, office in parcel “K1”, and retail district in parcel “K2” and “i2”. Successful places are attractive to people, encouraging them to stay, linger and return. The first phase development intends to shape successful places in response to five characteristics, including places meant for people in different age groups; well-integrated, connected and permeable places; places organized in compact and walkable form; places branded by variations; and resilient and robust places. The duration of the second phase is from 2018 to 2020. This development is situated in the north half of parcel “J” and “L”, which are office and residential uses respectively, both with strip malls underneath. Upscale townhouses by the riverfront park, facing pleasant riverfront will promote a calming and peaceful environment; while apartments with internal green courtyards provide a safe, comfy and relaxed atmosphere for all residents. 36

Having similar land uses with the second phase, the third phase development is located in the remaining parts of parcel “J” and “L”. Buildings in parcel “J” and “L” will be connected by proposed skyways, offering sustainable mobility and pleasing views for people. After shaping successful places in the first phase development, the second phase tends to spur economy growth and social interaction by infill of residential and office buildings, followed by the third phase designated as the period of community perfection. All phases finesse the integration of fun, form, function, and finance, based on the triple bottom line as an integral part of its design. Variations seeks to become a LEED Platinum project and world leader of sustainability and resiliency.

Equity and Financing Variations commences with partnership of the owners capitalized by their parcel contributions. The value of the owners’ parcel contribution underlies the equity basis of the construction and permanent loans. The complete pro forma in details demonstrates a large return, increment of land value, and considerable debt coverage that can be made by the development. In order to obtain financing as needed for the development, the evaluation of development feasibility, including financial, environmental, social and insurance aspects is conducted for lender to make loan decisions. The equity and financing sources are made of equity sources (19.93%), financing sources (72.07%), and public subsidies (8.01%), which are $43339000, $156750941, and $17416771 respectively. Variations will utilize several redevelopment tools to collect public subsidies. Since part of this development area is situated in the Capitol Hill Redevelopment District, administered by the Metropolitan Development and Housing Agency, this condition enable the application of certain development tools, such as tax increment financing (TIF) for this riverfront community revitalization. The proposal includes two historical properties in site and intends to preserve and identify their historical value by certain infill strategies. Thus, the assumption is that the Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentive Program will also provide part of funding to some extend for this development. Moreover, the tool of Special Assessment Districts is supposed to be implemented to levy evaluation on the value of property to collect money to finance new public infrastructures supporting that property.



Transforming Pembina Strip to a Parkinride Neighborhood

Project Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada Project Time: 4/2014 - 7/2014 Project Type: Station Area Plan Project Advisor: Paul McNeil, MCIP, MMM Group

The City of Winnipeg is planning for the second phase of Southwest Rapid Transit Corridor (SWRTC), seeking to provide a rapid and reliable transit service between the downtown and southwest part of the city. The city is also proposing development of some areas designated by the City’s OurWinnipeg Direction Strategy Complete Communities as Major Redevelopment Sites, such as Sugar Beet Site, which is located immediately to the west of the proposed SWRTC and a future rapid transit station. However, these plans have been proposed in isolation rather than from a station area perspective. Station Area Plan is an efficient tool and catalyst utilized by government to support Transit Oriented Development (TOD). This project aims to demonstrate a conceptual TOD proposal in the Pembina Strip neighborhood to inform Station Area Plans in Winnipeg for years to come.


g ipe inn nW tow wn Do To

Regional and Site Context Downtown Winnipeg

Pembina Strip (study site)

Ch ier evr


UM Campus

Pembina Hwy

Plaza Station


n tio Sta



Sugar Beet Redevelopment Site






lvd randin B

Bishop G

To UM Campus



Existing Condition Plaza Station

Highest: 24m Commercial (C) Floor Area Ratio (FAR): 0.18

Skyline A - B

Lowest: 3m MR FAR: 1.27

C FAR: 0.22

Multi Residential (MR) C FAR: 0.60 FAR: 0.23

MR FAR: 0.62

- Commercial area with low FAR - Large surface parking space - Vehicle-oriented environment

- Hostel with low FAR - Interrupt the connectivity between commercial area and residential area

- Commercial area with low FAR - Weak connectivity to the future BRT station

- Existing residential building with good structure and parking form - Green corridor with diverse vegetation

- Residential area with linear building type - Poor quality of pedestrian circulation - Lack of functional green space

- Residential area with good walking environment - Diverse courtyard for social interaction

Commercial Residential Nursing Home Recreational Vacant

Street Network

Existing Land Use

The Pembina Strip is a neighborhood located at Pembina Highway and between downtown area of Winnipeg and the University of Manitoba. This neighborhood is divided by Pembina Hwy with two parts. The east part is immediately adjacent to the Red River and features a range of mid-rise apartment buildings with different forms, while the west part is mostly dominated by low residential and commercial building in low density. It is important to transform the west part of Pembina Strip into a compact and walkable form in reflection to the city-proposed BRT line and Plaza Station in the future.


Current Issues

Future Vision


1c, 1d, 3b, 3d

Extensive surface parking

1a, 1b, 3c, 3d

Lack of functional green space

2a, 2b, 2c, 3a

Low Floor Area Ratio (FAR)

1a, 3a, 3b, 3c

Weak connectivity among blocks 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d

Moving Toward

Strategy 1

Pedestrian-oriented Diverse lifestyle

Strategy 2

Health living Compact and walkable

Strategy 3


Active transportation


Strategy 1: Establish Park and Ride System 1a: Replace surface parking with parkade in proximity to the BRT station. 1b: Build on-street parking close to amenities for temporary visitors. 1c: Implement a complete bike lane network and designate accessible parking spots for cyclists. 1d: Propose a bike-share system connected to the BRT station to encourage more active transportation.

Strategy 2: Incorporate Functional Park 2a: Retrofit Green Infrastructure on rooftops, streets and courtyard for stormwater management. 2b: Construct productive landscapes on residential rooftops and courtyards to stimulate local economy and encourage health living and social interaction in the neighborhood. 2c: Apply creative designs on green corridor and public nodes in ways that delight pedestrians, facilitate human engagement with nature and improve social cohesion of the BRT station.

Strategy 3: Implement “Park” (Preserve, Add, Remove and Keep out) for Infill Development 3a: Preserve existing buildings that are functioning well with good structure and in compact and walkable form. Preserve existing green space and vegetation to the greatest extent. 3b: Add new buildings, additional structure and human amenities that intensify land use, stimulate human activities close to the transit hub and boost the increase in BRT ridership. 3c: Remove (certain portions of) existing buildings that interrupt with pedestrian circulation and block connectivity. Remove large surface parking to the greatest extent to mitigate stormwater issues and replace with parkades and underground parking to establish a compact and walkable city form. 3d: Keep surface parking out of main pedestrian paths and human activity nodes. 42





1 Office/Retail

1 Green Roof

2 Hotel/Retail 3 Residential/Retail

2 Green Roof/Productive Landscape 3 Productive Landscape

4 Retail

4 Shopping Plaza

5 Residential

5 Stormwater Courtyard

6 Hostel

6 BRT Station Plaza

7 Church

7 Green Corridor

8 Parkade

8 Skywalk

3 3 4


4 7




3 6

5 2




Plaza Station




2 6 1 8

8 1


8 4


400M Radius 1 2











Phased Development

Phase I (2017 - 2019)

Phase II (2019 - 2022)

- Parkade (park and ride system) - Job Opportunities - Shopping Centre - Upscale Hotel and Residential

- Linear Stormwater Park - Hostel Redevelopment - Affordable Housing - Productive Landscape

12926 m2












TOTAL BUILDOUT (250630M2) 69494 m2









Active Transit Network

FAR (Floor Area Ratio) Analysis

1.2 0.9 0.7 0.9

Plaza Station

0.9 City Proposed BRT Regular Bus Routes Dedicated Bike Lanes 400m

Main Pedestrian Paths Skywalk Plaza Station



1.9 2.2

2.1 FAR 2.2

1.8 1.4 1.4 0

Phase III (2022 - 2024) - Replace Surface Parking with Parkade - Infill Development for Residential Use - Intensive Green Roof - Skywalk across Pembina Hwy 6786m2
















Parking Spaces

Stormwater Management Over flow to the Red River

Drainage Strategy 1st Tier: On Site Control (Green Roofs/Rain Gardens/ Permeable Pavements/Rain Harvesting System)

Parkade Underground Parking Surface Parking On Street Parking

2nd Tier: Green Street Network Treatment (Bioswales/Stormwater Planters/Retention Ponds) 3rd Tier: Overflow to Receiving Water Bodies (Underground Piping/Red River)

e o th wt r flo


er Riv


On Site Control Shed Direction Green Street Major Pipes


Outdoor patio and porch at the office area

Shopping courtyard on the second floor

Green corridor connec the buisness centre to residential area and th waterfront green space

Office Office Office

A Skywalk

Office Office Office

Retail Bike La ne


Section E

The shoppi gardens to provide wa

B Green Corridor

D Green Roof The Green Roof treats and manages stormwater prior to direct discharge to receiving water bodies. The rooftop also incorporates productive landscape to create a healthy living style for the residents.

C Productive Courtyard

D Green Roof 46

C Productive Courtyard

The inner residential area serves as a productive courtyard for the community, providing agricultur products for local residents, mar and adjacent restaurants. The courtyard acts as a major node t is attractive to more pedestrians and enriches community lifestyl

cts o the he e

Intensive Green Roof on the parkade

Skywalk across Pembina Hwy improves the safety for pedestrians and boosts BRT ridership

Intensive Green Roof provides open space at both hotel and commercial areas

Hotel Hotel Hotel Hotel







Lan e

that s le.

Skywalk connects commercial areas for shopping and protects people from hostile environment in the winter

Office Office Office Office

ing plaza incorporates stormwater planters and rain reduce stormwater runoff in rate and volume, and ater treatment prior to release to the Red River.

s e ral rkets

Shopping plaza provides open space for recreation and implements green infrastructure for stormwater management

Rain Garden

Stormwater Planter

A Skywalk

B Green Corridor The linear park incorporates bioswale and retention pond for stormwater management, and provides diverse spaces for recreation to facilitate the increase in BRT ridership.

The BRT station plaza is connected with the skywalk, where pedestrians can start their steps from the station to the east side of Pembina Highway without interruption of the traffic. The skywalk provides a continuous shopping atmosphere on the second floor, where people can also enjoy nice views and social interaction on the bridge.




STUDIO WORKS (Reports are available upon request)


Studio 1

Project Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba Project Time: 9/2012 - 12/2012 Project Type: Client-based Planning Studio Project Partners: Mark Intertas, Ashlyn Haglund Project Advisor: Richard Milgrom

Age-Friendly Deer Lodge and St.James-Assiniboia






Accessible Housing portation Connected


Outdoor spaces

Wellmaintained Inviting

Respect and in- Considerate clusion Sharing


Deer Lodge began as a humble family homestead, built in 1855. On the west side of Winnipeg, the neighbourhood it is home to 4,295 people and spans 1.5 km2. It is one of many communities within St. James-Assiniboia. This report represents observations by University of Manitoba city planning students, feedback that was gathered from the community about what is important to them and suggestions for ways to meet the changing needs of the community. This report takes a broad look at complex issues that shape age-friendly community planning from four dimensions, which includes: Housing; Transportation; Outdoor Spaces; and Respect and Inclusion.

“Design for the young and you exclude the old; design for the old and you include the young.� Barnard Isaacs


Studio 2 Unique in Strengths, Unified as a Region: A Framework for Regional Collaboration Project Location: Winnipeg, Manitoba Project Time: 1/2013 - 4/2013 Project Type: Client-based Planning Studio Project Partners: Planning Students (2012) Project Advisor: Ian Wight PMCR Vision: A safe, healthy, efficient, prosperous and strong Capital Region with a strong Capital City, where the public, governments, and organizations work together cooperatively, enhancing community development opportunities, effectively managing resources, and providing all citizens with a high quality of life. PMCR Principles: I. Promote collaborative regional development II. Support a regional network for transportation and shared services development III. Protect the natural environment and watershed IV. Foster an environment of economic development, marketing, and tourism Moving Forward: Encourage a spirit of regional governance in the Manitoba Capital Region. Establish a region network that protects, attracts, and collaborates.


Manitoba Capital Region Land Use Designation

Studio 3

Collaborative Project Between Brokenhead Ojibway Nation & The University of Manitoba Department of City Planning on Land Use and Community Planning

Project Location: Brokenhead, Manitoba Project Time: 9/2013 - 12/2013 Project Type: Client-based Planning Studio Project Partners: Erika Blackie, Gabrielle Donoff, Gail Ferguson Project Advisor: Janice Barry

BON is one of eight First Nations across Canada chosen to participate in the national Land Use Planning Pilot Project. The process involves developing a comprehensive land use and community plan to establish a long-term vision with the goal of achieving a self-sustaining and self-reliant First Nation. The comprehensive community plan is built on the foundation of seven planning pillars. The seven pillars identify priority areas for BON’s community planning and include: Governance; Housing and Infrastructure; Health, People and Wellness; Culture and Tradition; Lands and Resources; Education, Training, and Employment; and Economic Development.




The fall semester of 2013 is the second year that University of Manitoba planning students have partnered with Brokenhead Ojibway Nation (BON). The partnership with Brokenhead was established to provide technical assistance for BON’s numerous planning initiatives and projects. This report contains the process and results accomplished by the planning students, which were presented to Brokenhead First Nations to inform future planning and development. 51


GIS Application

1. Coffee Shop Service Mapping - Locating a New Donut Store 2. Identifying Possible Fly-in Lodge Locations in Nopiming Provincial Park

Project Location: Winnipeg, Canada Project Time: 2/2014 - 4/2014 Project Type: Course works (GIS for Planner) Project Advisor: ASM Abdul Bari




Coffee Shop Service Mapping - Locating a New Donut Store Legend Study Area Coffee Shops Service


^ 0



New_DONUT_Store 200


Meters 800



Discussion 1. Introduction This map applys buffer zones to determine the levels of served areas of existing coffee shops within the study area. It has been classified by four values, 0, 1, 2 and 3, in different colours respectively. A new donut store has been selected in the area with value of 0.

2. Methodology Consider from a market research it is known that people will walk 150 meters to get a coffee, 250 meters to get a donut, and 400 meters to get an iced coffee. According to this principle, this map uses these distances to create buffer zones for each coffee shops. Ideally, the areas covered by buffers mean people will access to their needs within desired walking distances. The reminder area with value of 0 means people will walk more than 150 metres to get a coffee, more than 250 meteres to get a donut, and more than 400 meters to get an iced coffee. The selected location for a new donut store features good accessibility, more parking opportunities, and proximity to open space. Moreover, this location can serve a large area that are not part of those buffer zones.

3. Findings and Limitation In this study, the limitation is that even in the buffer zones, people might also walk more than their desired distances to get their needs. Because practically, people are not able to walk directly to the coffee shops without considering the developed areas where buildings and other infrastructures are the barriers on the way. People needs to walk on the parths. The solution for this case is to use network analyst to determine service areas. Network analyst will consider developed areas and pick up actual paths for analysis. The data of pedestrian circulations are needed to use this method. 55





Data Source:

Manitoba Lan (https://mli2. Instructor: AS


Keke Wang Department o Faculty of Arc University of M



Scale 0



Identifying Possible Fly-in Lodge Locations in Nopiming Provincial Park Discussion 1. Introduction


Canada fly-in fishing lodges and resorts offer the finest fly-in wilderness fishing adventures. This map aims to identify possible locations that might be suitable for Fly-in Fishing Lodges for clients. This time, the selected area for analysis is Nopiming Provincial Park.

ming Provincial Park

ble Fly-in Lodge Locations

2. Methodology Before developing the model, certain criteria should be identified. As requested, this map should be developed in accordance with the modeling criteria as follows: - Must be Located within identified Park - Located within 500 meters of a lake over 400 hec. (which are big enough for float planes to land on and would provide good fishing potential) - Located at least 1 Kilometer from any road/access Thus, in the modeling, Nopiming Provincial Park should be selected and exported to be a feature class, which is used to clip lakes and roads within identified park. Then this model buffers the lakes and roads respectively based on modeling criteria. Since fly-in lodge should be located at least 1 km from any road/access, potential locations need to be identified within lake buffer zones, but outside of road buffer zones, using erase tool. At last, identified areas should be clipped by Nopiming Provincial Park again in case buffers extend to be outside of the park.

nds Initiative SM Abdul Bari

of City Planning chitecture Manitoba

, Zone 14


Z 10

20 Kilometers

3. Findings and Limitation Model is a good tool to make the process efficient and wellorganized. Making the parameter available, the model allows the user to change input and query so that the model can be reused in other areas involving fly-in lodge locations. In terms of the modeling criteria, it is requested that fly-in lodges should be located at least 1km from road/access. A maximum distance from the road may also be needed in case accident happens so that rescue is available.



Other Interests

BASKETBALL Basketball is one of my favorite sports. I was the Basketball Shooting Champion of the 2004 High School Sports Meeting.

I can accept failure, but I can’t accept not trying! - Michael Jordan








Keke Wang City Planning Portfolio (2016 Print)