Terms infectious disease- any disease that is caused by an agent invading the body pathogen- any agent that causes disease bacteria- tiny, single-celled, organisms, some of which can cause disease virus- a tiny disease-causing particle that consists of genetic material and a protein coat fungus- an organism that absorbs and uses nutrients of living or dead organisms antibiotic resistance- a condition in which bacteria can no longer be killed by a particular antibiotic
Preventing Infectious Diseases Cassandra Pratt 3rd Wellness
Section 1 -
Bacteria, viruses, fungi,
The body uses skin and chemicals to
Diseases affect everybody because they are everywhere.
fight pathogens. The body also has
different agents that can cause
the immune system and inflammatory
severe muscle spasms. They can
To stay well, a person can eat a
enter the body through cuts and
person to person, food &
healthy diet, drink water, reduce
water, the environment, &
stress levels, & exercise regularly.
Diseases can spread from
Tetanus- causes a person to have
Meningitis- causes severe
Immunity to a disease develops once
headache, fever, stiff neck,
a person gets vaccinated.
sensitivity to light, & nausea. Can
While sick, a person should stay at
be spread from mucus of an
home, drink plenty of fluids, and
Two ways to prevent antibiotic
wash hands frequently.
Two treatments of infectious
diseases are antibiotics & anti-
protists, & bacteria are five
Flu- causes headaches, sore
To prevent the spread of infectious
muscles & throat, fever, vomiting,
for antibiotics if you have a
dieases, a person can keep clean,
fatigue, & cough. Can be spread
viral disease, & to follow
cover their mouth, & get vaccinated.
by contact with saliva.
resistant bacteria is ask doctor
prescription and finish
Cold- causes scratchy & sore throat; sneezing & runny nose; &
mild cough. Can be spread by contact with saliva. -
Amebic dysentery- causes nausea & fever.
Organizations that prevent the spread of infectious diseases are: