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The Abacus Edition No. 20


It's official. he two Year 12 school council positions have now been illed, and it is on behalf of the en‐ tire KCLMS community that we congratulate Nikolas Aguilar and Ken Charles, who were elected into the roles of Wellbeing and Equality Officer and Events Officer respec‐ tively. hey fought a difficult battle and survived round after round of exhausting speeches, intense de‐ bate and tough questions; some

spent literally hours on the cam‐ his election had KCLMS' highest paign trail. voter turnout ever, with 91% of those eligible to vote doing so. It is But despite this hard work and clear that given the recent political toughness, the battle was down to upheaval in the UK, the student the wire. he results were excep‐ body is ready for more serious po‐ tionally close, and our irst past the litical debate, and this election has post voting system (more on this provided the perfect platform to do later) did not ield a large margin so. between the successful candidates and the rest. Read more overleaf.

By Rosie Walker and Ife Ade‐ own question: "Why would you vote molu-Odeneye for anyone else?". However, many were still not convinced Kinneret News of the election has spread ex‐ was better than the alternative, and citedly throughout the school, but she was not hasty to disagree; when for those of you who've been living we asked her if she was, she ele‐ under a rock, here's the rundown of gantly responded, "I'm not." what happened at the hustings to help you get to know and under‐ stand the successful (and unsuc‐ cessful) candidates a bit better. Wellbeing and Equality Kinneret Lauer Our irst speaker for the Wellbeing and Equalities position was Kin‐ neret Lauer, who opened with her passionate concerns of the appli‐ ance situation at KCLMS - mainly our shocking lack of a second mi‐ crowave - which is said to have caused stress within the student body. Kinneret's conidence and passion were what made her a strong contender and she was will‐ ing not only to take on her oppo‐ nents, but also Mrs Kaushal, Mr Lawsen, and the existing school council members at the hustings as she demanded opening a discussion for the disturbing lack of a kettle in our canteen.

When asked "Who are you?", Kin‐ neret showed her philosophical side by responding "I don't know", be‐ cause, honestly, who knows who they really are anyway. When asked why our year should vote for her, she answered our question with her

Nikolas Aguilar Up next was Nikolas Aguilar, who started his speech by slightly con‐ fusing everyone in the hall. Most people thought he said "Right!" in order to get our attention, but turns out he said "Rights", as he was talking about equality. Nik's idea was that he could help the school by spreading his "positive outlook" (but only when he's in a good mood). his good mood and positive outlook was evident when we interviewed him and he told us we "might as well put winning can‐ didate already because if you print it at the time of the election…" be‐ fore trailing off into laughter. Nik did give a reason why he should win, saying that "I believe I have unique ideas which involve all stu‐ dents allowing them to engage in community".

spell it for us. Sirdas Aba Our would-be third speaker for this position was Sirdas Aba who, due to a technical difficulty (his watch be‐ ing 10 minutes late), arrived well into the hustings and was therefore not allowed to speak. When we asked him if he would answer a few questions for the school magazine he replied with "there's a school magazine?" truly showing the dedi‐ cation he has to knowing what's go‐ ing on around the school. His in‐ sightful answers continued throughout the interview; when we asked who he was, he rather elo‐ quently replied "your mum". When asked "Why are you better than the other candidates?", he told us that he believed they were all "equal in ability" meaning that "we can't lose" whether he wins "or Nik wins, or Vincent wins", unfortunately for‐ getting that Kinneret is also run‐ ning for this position. True equality at its inest. Vincent Kong

he much anticipated Vincent Kong was our actual third speaker for this position and he certainly looked the part, arriving complete with a sharp suit and stylishly braided hair. He not only expressed his enthusiasm for the position but also his dedication to bringing to‐ gether the middle and working classes of London, Surrey and Cam‐ bridgeshire (not to be confused with the city of Cambridge). hough some lattery was used (for example calling the electorates "handsome and beautiful" during his speech) he managed to acquire a small fan base among the school. His popularity was shown when we ran a survey and the results came back as 100% probability for his election (although the only people Nik introduced himself to us with we asked were Olive Bradshaw and his full name but then declined to Vincent himself, which may have

affected the results). When we reached him for a quote he told us that he has he believed that the other candidates were "very capable" but that he has "a drive and a passion" for the job and was excited about the possibility of winning. Events

enced in this ield and has already organised a fundraising event at KCLMS. When we asked about this she listed six different positions she has illed over the last few years in‐ cluding Youth Travel Ambassadors and Prom Committee. It should be noted that Nia is so experienced that her interview was longer than all the others combined despite us asking everyone the same ques‐ tions.

Ken Charles Ken has a strong fan base that was clear from the cheering before he even gave his speech (if you're not sure who he is, he's the guy who wore almost a suit every day this half term but now realises they are for hursdays and special occasions only). Ken gave a strong speech that lasted approximately half the time allowance, but fortunately re‐ ceived a slight nudge from Ms Kaushal who reminded him of his own advantages, possibly indicat‐ ing for him to talk about his foot‐ ball. his may be modesty or forget‐ fulness. We asked Ken who he was and he showed his serious side by respond‐ ing, "Is that a serious question?". We asked why should we vote for him and he said that he "pledge[d] to bring events that represents everyone in our year group and everyone will enjoy". He stated that what made him better was that he "has experience" and has completed "similar tasks for 5 years being on a school council". Nia Allen-Cooper Up second for the events position was Nia, who spoke very eloquently during the hustings. hough some have criticised her for reading her speech off of her phone, she obvi‐ ously came very prepared and showed a keenness for the role of events. As she made very clear dur‐ ing her speech she is very experi‐

been going on for an hour. We hope the time taken to make a decision in event planning is much quicker than her decision making in chess. Serkan Marasli Serkan made a strategic decision not to come to the hustings, or so he claims (not to be confused with Sirdas who managed to turn up half way through). hough each is the other's biggest supporter, we may also have intel that they may be each other's campaign managers as well. During the interview, Serkan stated that he "believes in listening to everyone and that everyone should have an equal say in what should happens throughout the school." He also thinks he has a "strong rela‐ tionship with everyone in year 12"

Nino Gogoladze Nino gave a to-the-point speech telling us her skills and why she would be good at the job. Although Nino was interrupted by laughter as an opponent strolled in late, she carried on with and informative so much so that he asked us to speech telling us about her "100% make up his interview for him to a t t e n d a n c e " a n d " g r e a t sound good. organisation". hank you to all the candidates for Nino made a strategic move, telling a tremendously hard-fought battle us she had "a lot of plans for Christ‐ the KCLMS community was en‐ mas" (because who can say no thralled, entertained, delighted, Christmas?) and was very direct, surprised and thrilled to watch you saying nothing except "more con‐ duke it out over the course of the nections," when asked why she is a last few weeks. We haven't been better candidate. his may be to do this interested in politics since sea‐ with the fact she was engrossed in a son 3 of Game of hrones. chess game at the time that had

he Inside Scoop

Although beloved by many, he of‐ ten disregarded others' thoughts. He didn't even bother to read the FAQ section of the school:

A member of he Abacus' illustrious editorial team shares his story By Sebastian Monnet

to the greatest man I have ever seen.

"Même le soleil s'assujettit a ce prince de lumière, qui brille comme As the interview draws to an end, I mille quasars, I'un plus rayonnant thank Gabriel profusely for his gen‐ que l'autre" erosity. He smiles a graceful smile, eyes aglitter like an ocean in the he verse springs to mind as I re‐ moonlight. his interview has given gard the man before me. Gabriel my life meaning. For that, I am Musker: mathematician, philan‐ eternally in Gabriel's debt. thropist, and illustrious editor of he Abacus. Even from a distance, Gabriel's splendour is overwhelm‐ ing; alone in a small room, I'm bare‐ ly holding together. One could nev‐ er guess Mr. Musker's age. He has In loving memory of the worldly fascination of a child, Roman Baranovskis wit and vitality beitting a young (2016-2016) man, and a wisdom that is usually the preserve of wizened old men. By Daniel Selig and Jack Kelly Having worked exceedingly hard to set this interview up, I have pre‐ "When the Coliseum falls, so will pared host questions. As Gabriel's Rome; when Rome falls, so will the answers roll off his tongue, I can world." -Venerable Bede see the cogs turning in his skull, feel the power radiating from with‐ Some of you may remember the sixin that ivory sphere. his is not a foot slab of Latvian muscle admit‐ man, but a goliath - a majestic ted to Year 12 this September, go‐ wielder of abilities the rest of us ing by 6 names, Roma(n(s)) Bara‐ could never begin to comprehend. novski(s). He recently succumbed to the sweet release of death after a I ask another question. Gabriel short, painful battle with a rare dis‐ pauses. he air becomes heavy, as if ease known as "wanting to be a doc‐ saturated with a ine emulsion of tor". No cure is currently known, molten lead. Gabriel's steely eyes however experimental trials of meet mine, and my resolve melts. I "having to do 5 A-levels" are being want to lee. I want to leave this conducted at St Marylebone's Sixth place and never return. But I can't. Form on his still infected corpse. I'm rooted to my chair, trapped in that stare - those eyes, like twin Some of you may recognise his pools of deepest black draw me in, name from this marvellous literary hold me in place. And then he an‐ production known as he Abacus, swers my question. I succumb to his where he wrote one article, before eloquence, to his perfectly chosen his tragic demise, on the subject of words and sophisticated reasoning, "MATHS".


When not discussing the depress‐ ing nature of his own mortality, Baranovski(s) enjoyed long walks on the beach, fresh fruit Fridays, and yelling at people on League of Legends. In fact, according to those closest to him, his last words were "Anywho, I'm gonna miss fresh fruit Fridays". When asked, Mr Bennett (Bara‐ novski(s)'(s?) form tutor) gave us this statement: "Wait, a Roman came here?" Former friend of the deceased, Jakub Wardak, gave us this com‐ ment "I'm not giving you another comment". Good night, sweet prince

5 hings We'd Like to Know 1. Where the Y12 school council elections rank (in terms of length of time) on a scale of Tory leadership contest to Labour leadership contest. 2. What the distribution of the votes was between all the can‐ didates. 3. Why there are ive Y13 school council representatives and only two Y12 school council representatives. 4. Whether or not the elected school council members will fulill their promise to get a kettle for the kitchen and end the reign of the evil contract holders that have a strangle‐ hold on our tea-making abili‐ ties. 5. Why the K1 assessments al‐ ways seem so hard while we're taking them and so easy in retrospect.

The Revision Guide K1 Special! CORE We can deine a sequence UK(IP) as the ininite series describing whether Nigel Farage is leader of his party or not. his means the irst few terms of the sequence are Not Leader, Leader, Not Leader, Leader...

calculate (assuming that all trains travel along a smooth track with constant acceleration and mass 0) the minimum amount of time it would take to complete this journey, considering waiting times, inconvenient Edgware branch trains, and the hundreds of other passengers doing the same thing.

How long will this sequence go on? hen realise you misread the ques‐ Will we ever be rid of him? tion and you're actually solving a commuting problem. MECHANICS Find the total sound generated if 33 students are playing 9 different card games in both the canteen and the pods by multiplying the num‐ ber of students by the sound coeffi‐ cient of air and the viscosity of the adjacent walls, and raising the value to the power of the number of games each student is in. How an‐ noying is this actually? PHYSICS Using equations that describe the physical world, calculate the amount of pressure (in GPa) put on early entry applicants by the UCAS system and top universities. Calculate further, in decades, exact‐ ly how outdated and archaic the UCAS system is. COMPUTING Find the shortest route between Waterloo and King's Cross. hen

ECONOMICS Philip Hammond meets with all the top business leaders from across the UK to discuss economic policy, the budget, and how the govern‐ ment can help boost business. Determine, based on the Chancel‐ lor's current policies, if this has ac‐ tually happened. (Hint: it hasn't)

How We (Will) Vote By Boris Litovski In the next general election, every‐ one currently studying at KCLMS will be allowed to vote. Unless, of course, they're in jail. And so it's very important to those of you who will vote, to know how that will be done.

your vote is made and you leave the voting booth. Once everyone who wants to vote has, the votes are taken and counted. In each borough, the votes are split be‐ tween the MPs; those voting slips that are illed in incorrectly or de‐ liberately spoiled are counted as well.

Firstly, you'll need to register to (Spoiling your ballot is a way to say vote. his is now done online, at that you don't want any of the list‐ ed candidates in power, but that you still want your voice heard. he next step is, well, voting. I Your vote isn't counted towards any would recommend research into particular party, but you are still each candidate, because in the end counted in the voting turnout.) you shouldn't be thinking about who the PM will be, but who the he MPs that receive the most MP for your borough will be. It will votes in each constituency win that be the MP that you elect who repre‐ seat in the House of Commons, and sents you in Parliament, and the the party that has the majority of party that receives the most MPs the seats in the House is invited to that will win the election. form a government.

sented and some under-represent‐ ed. A simple example is the 2015 elections. UKIP only got one seat, but came third in terms of raw votes. SNP was over-represented. Labour and Conservative were also obviously over-represented. But that's why the big parties like the disproportionality: It keeps them in power. Gerrymandering:

Gerrymandering can be both good and bad. his depends on whether it's being done by an independent party or not. In simple terms, ger‐ rymandering is the redrawing of district lines within a country. his is done by the government in power, and is usually done strategi‐ cally to provide the best results for the party that's drawing the bound‐ aries. In theory, this can be avoided by paying an independent contrac‐ Next, your ballot. It will look a little We've had this system for hundreds tor to draw the most proportional like this: of years and it seems to work, but it districts, but in practice it often is not without fault. here are many doesn't happen that way. As you can see, it's fairly self-ex‐ ways in which FTPT is unfair and planatory; you just put a cross next unrepresentative. he Spoiler Effect: to the candidate you want to elect. It even tells you which party each he spoiler effect, in essence, is candidate is in if you just want to what leads to a 2 party system. In vote for a party and don't care the UK we have, thanks to FPTP, about the speciic MP (those with‐ what is essentially a 2 party system: out a party are independent). Labour and Conservative, and the rest of the parties stand no chance Now the next question is, why am I of getting any real power (for the writing this? Aren't you going to most part). his effect is essentially learn all this in Personal Develop‐ caused by strategic voting. Instead ment lessons? Yes. But really, I just of voting for the party you actually want an excuse to rant about how want, you vote for the main com‐ bad a system "First Past the petitor of the party you don't want Post" (FPTP) is. hat, by the way, is in power. the system by which votes are Disproportionality: counted. It's fast and uncompro‐ Now, on to some voting systems: misingly simple. But other than he major issue with FPTP is that that, it's absolutely terrible. the representation of the people's Alternative Vote: wishes is disproportionate. Essen‐ Let's follow your slip of paper after tially, some people are over-repre‐ he alternative vote doesn't change

very much. Instead of putting a cross next the your favourite candi‐ date, you number the candidates from 1 being your favourite, to any number you like. If you don't care who wins if your favourite loses, only put a "1". But let's say you would like Labour to win if Green doesn't, and then if Labour doesn't win, you'd like the Liberal Democ‐ rats in power. Well, now, your vote means a lot more. So, Green party fails, having the least number of votes. Now your vote moves to the Labour party. hen, UKIP, the second lowest vot‐ ed for, drops out too, and its votes are transferred to their second choices. For the sake of argument, let's say they all put the Conserva‐ tives as their number 2. Now, the Conservative party has all of UKIP's votes, and they now have more than 50% of the votes overall. hey win the election.

Approval Voting: Another system of voting is called approval voting. In this system, you simply put a cross in each candidate that you would be happy with in power (i.e that you approve of). hen, the candidate with the high‐ est approval wins the vote. It's quite a simple system, you just count all the votes, just like FPTP, except with one big difference; Peo‐ ple can vote for more than one can‐ didate. What this means is, quite simply, that you can vote both for what you want, and vote strategi‐ cally at the same time.

Let's say you're a green party sup‐ porter. With Approval voting, you can show on your ballot that you approve of the green party, but also Labour. Now, Labour doesn't have to wait until the Green party is eliminated to get your vote, they have it from the outset. his has the advantage of being much sim‐ he beneits of this system are ob‐ pler to implement for the govern‐ vious. Under FPTP, Labour won, ment, while still avoiding the spoil‐ but with less that 50% of the vote. er effect. hat means that over half of the voters don't want the winner in Additional Member System (or power. Under the Alternative vote, MMP) Voting: the Conservatives win with more than half of the vote. his makes Now this is where it gets truly com‐ the vote more proportional; people plicated. AMS is a voting system are represented more accurately by which works as follows: You, the the winner of the election. he rea‐ voter, cast a vote. In each district, a son this system isn't in place (de‐ candidate is voted on and elected, spite a referendum for its use) is be‐ usually, but not exclusively, cause the big parties don't want it. through FPTP. his leaves us with In truth, there is a lot more support the same disproportionate system for the smaller parties than we re‐ we had before. alise, but because people vote strategically, most people vote for But you, under AMS, cast 2 votes: the bigger parties. he large parties One for your local representative, like having more votes, so obvious‐ and the other for your favourite ly they run scare campaigns, claim‐ party overall. Now the number of ing the alternative vote is "compli‐ MPs in the country is doubled, and cated", whereas in fact it's so intu‐ the vote on the favourite party is itive that they have to state on your used as a guideline for how these ballot that you shouldn't number seats should be illed. You take the them and should actually just put a most under-represented group cross. (that isn't over-represented), and give them a seat. You keep giving

them seats until they're over-repre‐ sented, and then move on to the next most under-represented group. Under this system, you end up with a government which matches as accurately as possible the percentage vote each party got, and the problems caused by biased gerrymandering and the spoiler ef‐ fect are eliminated, meaning even small parties are represented accu‐ rately based on their votes. here are so many more voting sys‐ tems I could list and explain, but this is already long enough. he point is that First Part the Post is not a good system: it falls victim to biased gerrymandering, the spoiler effect, and is very disproportionate. he only way to get a better voting system in place is to ask for it, and then vote for it.

his edition of he Abacus was pub‐ lished on the 10th of October, 2016. hank you to this edition's contrib‐ utors: Ife Ademolu-Odeneye, Rosie Walker, Daniel Selig, Jack Kelly, Boris Litovski, Nia Allen-Cooper, and Sebastian Monnet. If you would like to contribute to he Abacus, please email gabriel.‐

The Abacus #20