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What every girl needs to know about becoming a woman


What is Puberty? Puberty is an importance stage in a female’s life. In this stage, major changes occur in her body and secondary sex characteristics start developing. These bodily changes occur to prepare the female for motherhood. Girls may begin puberty at age 8 to 12.

What happens during Puberty? growth spurts change in body shape breast development growth of underarm hair growth of pubic hair start of menstruation


What is menstruation? Menstruation is the vaginal bleeding that occurs monthly among adolescent girls and premenopausal women. Menstrual blood flows from the uterus through the small opening in the cervix and passes out of the body through the vagina. Menstrual periods normally last for 3 -5days.


What every girl needs to know about becoming a woman

Reproductive System

Parts of the Reproductive System

The main parts of the female reproductive system are: Vagina-a canal that joins the cervix (lower part of the uterus) to outside of the body. Uterus-a hollow, pear-shaped organ where the fetus develops. Ovaries-are small, oval-shaped glands located on either side of the uterus. They produce eggs and hormones. Fallopian tubes-narrow tubes that are attached to the upper part of the uterus and is the site of fertilization.


What every girl needs to know about becoming a woman

Menstruation Cycle

T he Menstruation Cycle The Menstruation Cycle usually takes 28 days. The cycle starts on the first day of your period.

Day 1 The first day of the menstrual period. Hormones drop at the end of the previous cycle. Blood and tissues from the lining of the uterus (endometrium) to shed. The period takes almost 5 days.

Day 7 At this point the bleeding has stopped. Hormones stimulate follicles to develop on the ovaries. Each follicle contains an egg.

Day 8-Day 14 The lining of the uterus starts to thicken. One follicle will continue to develop and mature. Hormones cause the mature follicle to burst and release an egg from the ovary. This process is called ovulation.

Over the next few days, the egg travels down the fallopian tube. If the egg is united with a sperm, then the fertilized egg will travel down the uterus.

If the egg is not fertilized then hormones drop down and another menstrual cycle begins. The egg breaks apart and bleeding will occur again.


Prepared by: Kayleen Gene R. Calicdan 2010-14572, BS Economics University of the Philippines, Diliman

Prepared for: Mrs. Francis Grace Duka-Pante EDH 140 Maternal & Child Health

The Blooming of a Flower: What a girl needs to know about becoming a woman  

An IEC (Information, Education and Communication) Material about the Menstrual Cycle and Female Puberty, prepared by K Calicdan and for Mrs....

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