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DESIGN PORTFOLIO KAZUFUMI SHIMOMURA UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA MLA 2019


CONTENTS

CASPCA DOG THERAPY GARDEN

04

CULTIVATION OF GROUND

14

URBAN BIRDS ORCHESTRA

24

Conceptual Planting Design Refrecting Manifesto

Path Made of Multiple Levels of Ground Softness

New Urban Birds' Community Protected from Traffic Noise

FLIPPING POCKETS

34

THE STAGES DEDICATED TO THE QUARRIES

40

MELTING ARCTIC FAUNA

52

Public Seating

Economical Revitalization with Quarry-scape

Visualization of Geological Process and Ecological Entanglement


CO U RS E WO RK

CASPCA DOG THERAPY GARDEN VA, Charlottesville Planted Form & Function III Critics: Julie Bargmann Through this project, we have continuously worked on planting design of the three acre field during the semester. We repeatedly spatialized and programed the field with plants to fulfill selected company’s’ mission. This garden is dedicated to Charlottesville Albemarle SPCA, and designed for dogs, their owners, and trainers. Especially, it provides dogs with opportunity to maintain their good health through sports and exercises in the various grass fields, mentally recovered from their trauma with space that is filled with specific relaxing species, and train themselves with a series of programs.

4


Collage showing schematic, textual ideas of the detail planting design.


FIRMS' MISSION & MANIFESTO CASPCA, MISSION STATEMENT: Advance the compassionate treatment of animals by providing sheltering, medical care, and behavioral services for dogs and cats; promoting permanent, caring homes; and furthering education and outreach.

PROJECT MANIFESTO: Charlottesville Albemarle SPCA Dog Therapy Garden is designed for variety of dogs such as puppy, adults, and even K9 to maintain their good health through sports and exercises. In addition to physical wellness, dogs are mentally recovered from their trauma through the programs taken place in the garden. Responding to the firm’s cremation service, the woodland adjacent to the facility provides forest where owners bury their dogs and respect spirits of the dogs.

Blueish color for dogs to relax

Accessible spatial boundary of grasses

6


1-2’

3-5’

6’

5”

Axonometric sketch

A 3.2 Axon

Reddish mass of flowers for dogs’ vitality

Urine tolerant species for making

7


Puppy tricks training

Canine maze

Canine maze Puppy manner training

4. OFF LEASH TRAINING

Caffeteria & Rest area

Socializing circle

Sports & K9 training

Reactive rover training

Bravery circle for shy dogs

CANOPY

Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica

00

32' 32'

64' 64'

0

32'

64'

Japanese Maple Acer palmatum

Trauma recovery circle

SHRUB & UNDERSTORY

Thornless Common Honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis

Red Twig Dogwood Cornus alba 'Sibirica'

Uruguayan Pampus Grass Cortaderia selloana

White Fringe Tree Chionanthus virginicus

Common Purple Lilac Syringa vulgaris


1 & 3. SOMBER SUNLIGHT

Crematory

2. WADING MEADOW

GROUNDCOVER

0

32'

64'

Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua 'Slender Silhouette'

Blue Sedge Carex glauca

Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris

Broomsedge Andropogon virginicus

Bentgrass Agrostis L.

Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis

Kurapia Phyla (Lippia) nodiflora

Box hedge Buxus sempervirens

Rue-anemone Thalictrum thalictroides

Aspen Daisy Erigeron speciosus

Slough Sedge Carex obnupta

Orange New Zealand Sedge Carex testacea

Feather Reedgrass Calamagrostis acutiflora

Red Clover Trifolium pratense

Foam Flower Tiarella cordifolia


1. SOMBER SUNLIGHT in SPRING (woodland) Sunlight comes through massivvve canopy of Tulip Poplar and illuminates the place of adieu. - Fringe tree / Chionanthus virginicus - Box Hedge / Buxus sempervirens - Rue-anemone / Thalictrum thalictroides - Foamflower / Tiarella cordifolia

10


2. WADING MEADOW in SUMMER (wet meadow) Blue bed of Aspen Daisy, which highlighted by Marsh Marigold, excites dogs and invite them to the pool. - Aspen Daisy / Erigeron speciosus - Marsh Marigold / Caltha palustris - Sweetgum / Liquidambar styraciflua ‘Slender Silhouette’ - Thornless Common Honeylocust / Gleditsia triacanthos f. inermis

11


3. SOMBER SUNLIGHT in FALL (woodland) Geometrically plumbed Box Hedge lets visitors to stroll through gold foliage of Fringe Trees. - Fringe tree / Chionanthus virginicus - Box Hedge / Buxus sempervirens - Tulip Poplar / Liriodendron tulipifera

12


4. TRAINING PLAYING + HIDE & SEEK in WINTER (field) Different texture and height of grasses provide dogs and their owners fields for any kinds of activities. - Red Twig Dogwood / Cornusalba ‘Sibirica’ - Orange New Zealand Sedge / Carex testacea - Feather Reedgrass / Calamagrostis acutiflora - Bentgrass / Agrostis L. - Uruguayan Pampasgrass / Cortaderia selloana

13


STUDIO WORK

CULTIVATION OF GROUND VA, Charlottesville Foundation Studio I: PATH: SYSTEMS OF SEQUENCE Critics: Leena Cho, Brad Goetz This studio engages movement in relation to topographic form via the concept of path. Through movement and study, we traverse the terrain and learn to interpret spatial, biophysical, material and climatic conditions first as a set of parameters and processes, and then as catalysts of social and ecological performance. My theme is to make a path that provides different levels of ground softness. Researches focus on relationships between ground materials and soil types that interacts based upon climatic conditions, time and specific soil animals that cultivate ground.

14


Axonometric drawing of a designed path that has different ground softness which changes over time with material transformation.


Dead leaves

Gravels

Leaves on slope

Moss in humid forest

Grass on hilltop

Leaves and rocks mix on steep slope

Leaves on ditch

Decomposed fragments of log

Wood mulch

MATERIAL SKETCHES

MATERIALS & SOFTNESS Ground materials that affect on ground softness such as soils, groundcovers, grasses, roots, rhizomes, gravels, etc. These are spatializing, and transposition of softness is actually making unique paths.

16


MATERIAL CURATION

17


Immature tre roots

Roots on slope

Blocked by rock

Blocked by wall

Close to another roots

Near shrubs

Roots on bedrock

BUCKLING ROOTS SITUATIONS

Linear

Inside

Sparce

Concentrated

hard

Filling Sunny

COMPETING ROOTS & BUCKLING

Rainy

soft

After raining

WEATHER & GROUND SOFTNESS

EE

TR S OT

RO underground roots

new roots

T

ES

ce

R FO

s fa ot ur e: ro s ur g rd at lin ha M ck ng bu aki m

e ac sp e: ge ur ar ee at l tr m ing he Im ver d t co oun ar

ce pa g: g s ee un in tr Yo ver the co ar ne RS

TE

T LI d le

Pi

r ve Co

up

in

d re te

at Sc

g e ac

sp

R

VE CO

D

N

OU

GR rhizome

d le

Pi up

g

in

ow gr

g in ad re ly Sp pid ra

ly

ot

Sp S OS M

3

et

rp

Ca

2

in

ow gr

g in ad re ly Sp pid ra

ly ot

Sp g CK

RO bb Pe

5

10

MATERIAL GROWTH OVER 100 YEARS 18

20

le

er

ld

le bb

Co

u Bo 1

30

100 (Y)


Expected time to complete processes 0

Decomposer

Shredders

1Y

10 Y

40 - 50 Y

50 Y

4-5W Millipede

Sowbug

Earthworm

Bacteria

Fungi

Size of soil animals 0

10 - 1,4000 mm 1,5000 mm 2 - 35 mm

7 - 15 mm 10-6 mm Fallen log 10-6 mm Seedling

10-5 mm

Forest litters OM (recognizable) OM (unrecognizable) Mineral / Humus mix Bacteria

Fungal hyphae

Fungi (nutrients sender)

Leaching

Rhizosphere

Plant exudate

Roots

Fungi (decomposer)

-5

00

10

1,

Fungal hyphae bring nutrients to roots. Roots and bacteria trade nutrients, metabolites, and exudate in rhizosphere.

0 m

m

m

m

DECOMPOSITION SYSTEM

Shallow & Wide

Deep & Narrow

Hybrid

Rhizome

Umbrella

Microbial community Shallow Middle Deep

ROOT STRUCTURE & MICROBIAL COMMUNITY Oxygen & Nitrogen

Carbon dioxide Epigeic

Endogeic

Organic matter Recognizable organic matter

10 cm

Unrecognizable organic matter

20 cm

Water infiltration Mineral / Humus

Leaching

1m

EARTHWORM TRAVEL IN GROUND

DEEPNESS BASED ON SPECIES 19

Anecic


B

C’

B’

EXPLORATION OF CULTIVATED SOFTNESS Gabions control intensity of buckling roots. Young roots go through the space between larger rocks to reach water whereas small rocks completely block their way that results in thicker buckling. Gabions also acceralate decomposition of ground when they are built on water flow lines since organic materials are consistently collected and water decomposes them. Different texture of materials gives chance to walkers to feel a variety of ground softness.

C


D’

D

A

A’


Softness level Hard

Soft

Gabion (small) A Gabion (large)

Water path

Forest litter A'

Decomposed soil Sand Loam

CHANGE IN GROUND SOFTNESS WITH DECOMPOSITION & WATER FLOW OVER TIME

22


Ground Softness Dark blue: soft Medium blue: medium soft Light blue: hard Foam: gabion walls

Hard path made by tree roots

Emergence of soil animals below ground

23


STUDIO WORK

URBAN BIRDS ORCHESTRA VA, Charlottesville Foundation Studio II: CHARLOTTESVILLE WITHOUT US Critics: Teresa Gali-Izard, Andrea Hansen-Phillips, Emma Mendel Urban birds are exploring to find foods, make a relationship and nest, by communicating with their own unique songs. These songs can get adversely affected by urban noise pollution, especially traffic noise in a way that it covers their songs animating female or calls warning their fellows. For this reason, space along 5th St. is difficult to stay even if it is a desirable place to create their habitat or forage. This project is challenging to create a landscape of the noisy artery that protects urban birds from traffic noise and allows to nest and feed.

24


Birds

Squirrel

Frog

Collage that visualizes invisible e f fe c t s s u c h a s s o u n d s a n d t e m p a re t u re o n e c o l o g i c a l communities and landscape.


A VIEW OF 5TH STREET

URBAN BIRDS CROSSING 5TH STREET 5th street, one of the biggest artery in the city, is crossing south area of Charlottesville and makes noise all day. Urban birds explore forest, gardens, and parks around this street for their foods. They are using trees on median to cross the road, but often times hesitate to do it because of heavy traffic and its noise. 26


Noise level High

Seasonal behavior N

D

J

F

O

M

S

A A

Low Bird species Northern Cardinal

J

J

M

Migration Breeding Molt

Northern Cardinal

American Robin Field Sparrow

American Robin

Passenger Pigion Logerhead Shrike

Field Sparrow

Areas & Lines Upper forest

Passenger Pigion

Lower forest Forest along 5th St. Trees on median

5TH ST. COMMUNITY GARDEN

Logerhead Shrike

Lawn Residential garden Diet & foraging area Movement through median Movement of same species

ES DG RI

HA RR IS

RD

.

5T

H

ST .

T.

Trajectory

HARRIS RD

.

MAPPING OF URBAN BIRDS TRAJECTORY & NOISE LEVEL


NOISE POLLUTION VS BIRDS' SONG

15M

g an lr Ca e

Birds' song volume has a range between

g an gr

n So

around 49 dBA and 70 dBA which overraps

e

the range of typical traffic noise. This noise travels horizontally and literally blocks birds' communication whereas huge noise tend to ascend. Additionally, this noise is usually

49

lower frequency that significantly influences

52 55

on courtship songs that also have low tone.

Birds song

Since urban birds cross roads by perching on

Passing track

trees situated along the roads, this causes

Passing track

serious issues for their living environment.

Motorcycle

61

50 M

M 50

58 Birds call

67 70 73 76 79 64 82 dBA

NOISE & BIRDS' SONG TRAVEL

Nesting

Sycamore

Green ash

Backyard

Dwelling

Community garden

Red oak


Blue-Winged Warbler

Yellow Throated Vimero

12 kHz 8

8

4

4

0 0

0.5

1.0

1.5

0 0

2.0s 2.0s

Rose Breasted Grosbeak 12 kHz

Summer Tanager

8

4

4 0.5

1.0

1.5

0 0

2.0s Baltimore Oliore

12 kHz

8

4

4 0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0s

1.0

1.5

2.0s

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0s

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0s

12 kHz

8

0 0

0.5

12 kHz

8

0 0 Northern Cardinal

12 kHz

0 0

LOWER TONE AFFECTED BY URBAN NOISE

Diet & Foraging

5th St. SW

Red oak

Backyard

SOIL TYPE

CARDINALS CROSSING 5TH STREET

Loam Silt Bedrock

0

5

10

20M

Compacted


NOISE ATTENUATION Habitat range

Hilly

lt Ba

LANDFORM Flat

eO or

im

Su

re

lio

Mounted hill

er

m

m n Ta er

ag

ea Br se Ro ste e sb ro dG

a ro Th

ak

w lo Ye te

e-

o er

im

u Bl

dV

wi ed

ng r Wa ble r

Sound ray Highway

(bottom) PROPOSED TOPOGRAPHY

50m

m 7.4

m 50

(right) ATTENUATION & AMPLIFICATION OF SOUND

SOUND MIRROR -Amprifying Bird’s SongLANDFORM

Round

Concave

Hilly

5TH ST. COMMUNITY GARDEN

Dwelling Quercus Rubra Platanus Occidentalis Fraxinus Americana EXISTING

Acer Rubrum Fruit shrubs

30%

5TH

0M

10

IAN

MED

100

PROPOSED

30

M

ST.

45%


WIND DIRECTION Against

Basin

Hillocks

Hillocks

INSTALLATION Stone Amprifier

Following

BUILDING Small

Large

125Hz: 0.10 1kHz: 0.10 4kHz: 0.10

125Hz: 0.35 1kHz: 0.15 4kHz: 0.05

125Hz: 0.05 1kHz: 0.90 4kHz: 0.95

SOUND ABSORPTION Sound absorption coefficient 125Hz: 0.50 1kHz: 0.35 4kHz: 0.50

Green wall 4kHz 1kHz

125Hz

Concrete

Glass

4kHz 1kHz

125Hz

Fiber glass 4kHz 1kHz

4kHz 1kHz

125Hz

125Hz

MOORES CREEK

BETWEEN 5TH ST. & RIDGE ST.

Dwelling

Fraxinus Americana

Deciduous trees

Platanus Occidentalis

Acer Rubrum

Deciduous trees

Coniferous trees 25% Fruit shrubs

Fruit shrubs

60% 5TH

EEK

MOORES CR

5TH

ST.

IAN

MED

IAN

MED

31

ST.


NEW HABITAT INTERACTING WITH NEIGHBORHOOD Manipulated landforms probide better habitat for urban birds by deteriorating traffic noise and echoing birds song. Fruits shrubs serve foods, trees on medians become bridges to cross roads, and valley-like hill slope becomes major area of nesting for birds. Additionally, neighbors will observe the revealed birds' community and be intrigued with their orchestra.

Forest FOREST

Backyard Mound BACKYARD MOUND

Dwelling DWELLING

Sidewalk Mound SIDEWALK MOUND

Trees Median TREESon ON MEDIA


n (bridge urban birds) AN (BRIDGEfor FOR URBAN BIRDS)

Hillside Noise Attenuation HILLSIDE NOISE ATTENUATION

Forest FORESTon ONSlope SLOPE

EXPLORATION OF URBAN BIRDS & NEIGHBORS SCALE

00

1:80

11

33

55

10M 10M


STUDIO WORK

FLIPPING POCKETS VA, Charlottesville Foundation Studio III: PUBLIC SEATING Critics: Elizabeth Meyer, Emma Mendel This work is the first exercise of foundation studio III that took one month for research on local public space, design of seating space, and simulation of the designed bench in urban setting. Through this exercise, we did spatializing, testing, and prototyping the public realm. “Flipping Pockets” stem from my observation on people that prefer to seat in a “pocket” where seating space is situated off street and surrounded by physical / psychological buffer. Situating on the edge between urban park and promenade, the seating space could literally flip based on the number of visitors and their feelings.

34


Ideograms showing spatialization of "pocket" along streets.

35


D

IN

Y

ET

F SA

H BE

T

KE

C PO

T

EE

HE

T FF

R ST

O

T

EE

R ST

SPATIAL DEFINITION OF "POCKET"

SPATIALIZATIONI OF "POCKET" IN PUBLIC SPACE From my observation on noisy streets around school, people like to sit on place off street. Take a bus stop for example, students prefer pocket-like seating space although a bench is provided at its boarding position. Physical and psychological factors such as shapes, paving patterns, shades, temperature, materiality, accommodation, etc. spatialize this pocket as provided rest space where they can be released from street chaos. 36


STUDY OF PUBLIC SEATING

37


Individual use

Interactive moments

Space for groups of people

SPATIALIZED POCKETS BASED ON THE NUMBER OF USERS

1’-3” 1'-6 7/16"

10"

FLIPPING SECTION

1'-7 3/16"

10 feet

38

2'-2 7/8"

2'-10 9/16"


ial erc

ing

ild

Bu

ark nP

mm

Co

ba Ur

t

ee 5f

FLIPPING POCKETS AT A CORNER OF COMMERCIAL STREETS

2'-4 7/16"

2'-2 7/8"

1'-1 7/16"

1'-7 3/16"

39


THESIS PROJECT

THE STAGES DEDICATED TO THE QUARRIES Kitagishima Island, Okayama, Japan Master thesis project of Chiba University Adviser: Toru Mitani This project is a compilation of my two years work for master degree at Chiba University and consists of the research and the analysis about quarries’ landscape and the design proposal focusing on development of tourism industry. The main objective of this project is revitalization of Kitagishima island, known as one of the major quarrying sites that has been completely declined. The research concentrates on landscape foreignization induced by comparing the quarry landscape to Sansui-ga, traditional landscape watercolor paintings, painted by Sesshu, a Japanese old artist.

40


Collage of a quarry that evokes a sense of traditional water collar paintings.


f rock wall One side

s of the quarry of Sesshu.

Spational composition and pattern of rock wall Isolation-type

Approachable-type

Edgewise-type

Vertical cracks & trees located top and middle

余白

Isolation

Approachable

Edgewise

Texture: vertical cracks Plants: top & middle

SIMILARITY IN SPATIAL COMPOSITION BETWEEN PAINTINGS & ROCK WALLS

Walking in the quarries provide reminiscent experiences of the scrolls.

COMPARISON OF SPATIAL COMPOSITION BETWEEN TRADITIONAL PAINTINGS & QUARRY-SCAPE The researches on spatial composition of traditional water color paintings revealed that there are similarities in the quarries in Kitagishima island. The Isolation type has quarry lakes or deep holes between rock walls and flat space in front whereas some quarries let us approach walls. The edgewise type is situated along paths. Rock walls in the island basically have vertical cracks and trees at the top and middle of the walls. 42


No. 18

No. 2

No. 16

No. 1

No. 14

No. 13

No. 9

No. 11

No. 4

No. 17

No. 15

No. 12

No. 19

No. 20

No. 8

No. 21

No. 7

No. 10

No. 3

No. 5

No. 6

Researched quarries Rock walls Pathways connecting to quarries Observation points & direction

RESEARCH MAP 43


2021

ďŹ fth toriennale

5 Industrializing Tourism Tourism which is no longer depended on the toriennale will be completely converted from quarrying

100%

4 Tourism Activation

2021

Because of setting two kinds of base areas for the quarries and leisure, tourism can be promoted.

70%

2020

2019

forth toriennale

3 Reuse as Exhibition The artists ďŹ nd their own quarry where they would like to use for their arts.

40%

2 Advertising the Quarries Telling the artists whole things of the quarries and how beautiful they are draws their motivation of work.

20%

2017

2016

third toriennale

1 Invitation of Artists Programing the Island into the toriennale interests lots of artists all over the world.

START The percent of tourism progression

STRATEGY FOR TOURISM

PROGRAMING TROURISM BASE This proposal consists of five phases to achieve tourism industrialization. With special art event, Setouchi Toriennale, the plan is completed in five years. Kitagishima is programmed into the Setouch Triennale so that it can become one of the tourism bases. New sea routes are connected to the existing island's routes and main base areas situated around ports invite visitors to the quarries and leisure facilities. 44


Legends

Okayama

Principal ports Proposal of root connection Sea roots of the art festival Sea roots of Kasaoka islands Main roads

Kitagi-island

Kagawa SEA ROUTE DESIGN Daifuku ferry ăƒť Kanafuro ferry

Shiraishijima-Island

Sanyou ferry (normal) Sanyou ferry (high speed)

Kitagishima-Island

Gourmet Kitagishima Nangoku restaurant

12

11

13

Daifuku ramen shop 14

Toyoura port

09

15

10

Kusunoki beach Toyoura district Kusunoki district

01 08

Kusunoki port

16

02 07

17

05 21 20

Kanafuro port 06

04

Quarry exploration area

03

Kanafuro district

Kitagi junior high school (Museum inside)

Oura beach

Leisure area Oura district

Amanoya hotel

Legends

Minato-ya

Oura port 19

Quarries

18

Disused factories Hotels

Restaurants

Sarai of the Island (Guest house)

Beach

Musium

TraďŹƒcway Trail

Shipping route

Neighborhood area

ISLAND PLAN 45

To Manabeshima-Island


SUPER ISOLATION Glass wall

Forest

Main square

TEASING VIEW Remote quarries behind the site Expected view from the stages

Stage

46


The waterfall stage D’

C’

B’

Quarry lake

The floating stage

The underwater stage

D A’

Glass wall

Forest Main square C

B

Restaurant Eshibition of the quarrying history Disused factory as legacy Central information center

A

Grass field

47


Eshibition room Information center

Frame

Restaurant

Sunken square

Stone tile

Stone stool

Disused factory A

A’

Ore debris

PLAN 0

2

5

10

20M

Vacant house Grass field

Disused factory

Information center

Stone stool

Retaurant

Sunken square

Stone tile

Forest

Main square

Lawn

A

A’

SECTION 0

2

5

10

20M

MAIN SQUARE

Frame

Stairs (entrance)

Glass wall

Stairs (exit)

B1

B2

The underwater stage

B

B’

Waterfall

Entrance

Stage

PLAN

Frame

0

2

5

10

20M

Frame

Glass wall

Stairs (exit)

B1

B2

Acrylic plate

Rock wall

Platform

B

B’

Ladder SECTION

UNDERWATER STAGE

0

2

5

10

20M

48


Disused factory

Grass wall

Quarry lake

Slit

Crane

Floating path

The floating stage

Quarry lake

C

C’

Stage

Glass wall

Intermittently blocked view

PLAN 0

2

5

10

Disused factory

20M

Grass wall

Slit

Crane

Floating path

The floating stage

Quarry lake

Dramatic landscape transition

C

C’

SECTION 0

2

5

10

20M

FLOATING STAGE

Glass wall

Stairs

Niche path

Quarry lake

The waterfall stage

D’

Quarry lake

Rain

Overflow & waterfall

Rise in the water label

PLAN 0

2

5

10

20M

Rock wall The floating stage

Rock wall

Glass wall Water path

Entrance Glass wall Quarry lake

Niche path

Quarry lake

D

D’

SECTION

WATERFALL STAGE

0

2

5

10

20M

49


CO U RS E WO RK

MELTING ARCTIC FAUNA Project focusing on arctic region Digital Computation III Critics: Matthew Seibert Video links: - Ex1, Thermokarst in Utqiagvik: https://vimeo.com/296350697 - Ex2, Winter Travel of Arctic Fox: https://vimeo.com/297659516 This project comprises four exercises, Geomorphology, Ecology, Entanglement, and Futurism. Through the coursework, we explored geological process and ecological entanglement, and projected alternate realities of selected ecological community. My project focuses on arctic regions, especially northern Alaska, to visualize process of thermokarst and geological system of arctic fauna featured by life of arctic fox. Unity, gaming software, allows people to travel the virtual landscape in real time and realize the complex ecology in such extreme environment.

52


Virtural landscape illustlating a future arctic environment and arctic animals that inhabit there.

53


GEOLOGICAL & ECOLOGICAL PROCESS OF ARCTIC REGION The first project was focusing on visualizing geological process of thermokarst in Utqiagvik, Alaska. Freeze thaw repeatedly melts and freezes over time, and this process transforms the place into a lake called thermokarst eventually. The second project illustrates ecological process of arctic fox, especially in winter. They travel long distance on sea ice to search foods and master hunting. 54


55


VIRTURAL LANDSCAPE REFLECTING ARCTIC ENVIRONMENT

ENTANGLEMENT OF ARCTIC ANIMALS Continuing the past two projects, this project visualizes ecological relationships of arctic animals by gaming software. In the virtual landscape, players explore the extreme environment and discover arctic animals such as arctic foxes, polar bears, wolves, and killer whales. 56


57


This game is visualizing the potential shift of Arctic fauna based on expected climate changes in future. As a series of the past work have illustrated, arctic environments have strong relationships with arctic animals. Taking arctic foxes for example, they travel more than a hundred kilometers a day on sea ice for their foods and take advantage of permafrost by utilizing it as a fridge. Especially speaking of arctic sea ice, summer ice extent has declined by forty percent in forty years, and ice has thinned considerably, experiencing a decline in volume of seventy percent over the same period. This has given significant impact on arctic fauna, especially mammals such as arctic foxes and polar bears that use sea ice for hunting, and the entire food web in Arctic will be continuously influenced. As playing this game, you will notice the virtual reality of future arctic fauna. Overwhelmed arctic foxes, segregated polar bears, and a pod of killer whales hunting near the shoreline with glistening eyes. In addition to those animals, you will also experience extreme climates and remarkable characteristics of underwater world. Even if the situation shifts, the extreme landscapes are still sublime, magnificent, and beautiful. Without thinking of major ecological issues, just enjoy exploring the future Arctic. Feel the landscape of extreme.

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LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO 2019_Kazufumi Shimomura  

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