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FOR GOD AND COUNTRY Monday February 20, 2012 No. 1,650 N150

insecurity Expatriates In North Relocate By Midat Joseph, Kaduna

Owners of multinational firms, mostly expatriates, are planning to relocate from the north. LEADERSHIP exclusively gathered at the weekend that the bombings in most of the north-

ern states are instilling fear in the expatriates who are already thinking of relocating their companies outside the country or out of the northern region.

A chief executive officer of one of the functioning companies in Kaduna told LEADERSHIP in confidence that a majority of his counterparts were already think-

ing along that line. “Some of us cannot risk our lives under the consistent bomb explosions; this is not healthy for us. Some of us are thinking of

Cement Investment: 10 Governors Woo Dangote

> Page 16

leaving either to relocate to other parts of the country that have less security challenges while others are also thinking of relocating to other stable African countries,” he said. “If the security situation continues to grow unabated, I tell ➔ CONTINUES ON PAGE 5

Jonathan Shops For New Army Chief ihejirika to be elevated to chief of defence staff

story on page 5

Bomb Explodes Near Christ Embasy Church In Suleja 5 critically injured How my members escaped death — Pastor

Two vehicles shattered after the bomb explosion along Morocco Road, Suleja, Niger State, yesterday. INSET: One of the victims in the hospital.

By Chika Otuchikere, Abu Nmodu, Minna; and Chibuzo Ukaibe, Abuja

Residents of Suleja, Niger State, were yesterday morning jolted by another bomb blast which has left



Wamakko Wins Sokoto Guber Poll Again

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Pastor Shot At Kaduna Govt House Dies In Hospital

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Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership


Payment Of PHCN Liability Will Be Subject To Due Diligence — NELMCO MD The Managing Director of Nigeria Electricity Liability Management Company Limited (NELMCO), Dr. Sam Agbogun, in this interview with JULIET ALOHAN, speaks on strategies to be adopted in off-setting PHCN’s liability. He also explains the imperative of the ongoing power sector reforms. Excerpts No debt will be paid unless we conduct adequate due diligence on that particular debt. That is to say all the contractual evidence that gave rise to that debt must be right

Tell us what NELMCO is about? ELMCO is one of the companies that came out following the power sector reforms; it is a special purpose entity, meant to do some specialised functions. Basically Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN) as a company has some challenges, in that it has assets which are not quite enough to cover its liabilities. For government to privatise the industry there is need to separate the assets from the liabilities so that PHCN can be sold. The ideal is that over time NELMCO will settle those liabilities on


the one side and on the other side, NELMCO is also to settle the pensioners of PHCN, which means the staff already on pension and not those who are currently working. Considering your huge responsibility, apart from budgetary allocations, what other sources of funding are open to you? We have other sources of funding. We have some PHCN assets that have been transferred to us that are classified as non-core assets, and NELMCO is to dispose of them and use the proceed to pay creditors, that's on one hand. On the other hand, there are some monies owed PHCN by consumers

of electricity, those monies would also accrue to NELMCO and we can use them to pay the IPP creditors. We are also hoping that down the line we may look at the option, working with the ministry of Finance and Debt Management Office, to raise bonds to pay off these liabilities. These are outside the fact that federal government through its appropriations will also give us some allocations and we are also considering, though that has been a difficult one, to see if NERC's new tariff structure will also accommodate NELMCO. So these are the various avenues we are hoping to raise funds from to settle the liabilities. You recently disclosed that

PHCN was indebted to the tune of N340 billion, how much of this money can you offset on an annual basis? What we have done is to prepare a budget, a cash flow projection for the next five years, and we have come to see that we need some annual budgetary allocations. If government budget projections come as expected, we are hoping that in the next five years, maximum six years, we should be able to take care of the liabilities and when that is done NELMCO will wind-down its operations. You know NELMCO is not intended to stay here for too long, the moment it is able to discharge its responsibilities, it willwind down.


our stand


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

Foreign Loan Versus Excess Budget


resident Goodluck Jonathan gave an unusual Valentine’s Day present to the nation when he sent separate letters to Nigeria’s Senate and House of Representatives requesting approval to borrow $7.9bn (about N1.89tn) from the World Bank, African Development Bank, Islamic Development Bank, Exim Bank of China and Indian lines of credit. The loans are to be used to cover pipeline projects captured in the 2012 to 2014 External Borrowing Plan. In the letter to Senate President David Mark, Jonathan said, “We urge the National Assembly to note that the objectives of the projects conform to the transformation agenda of our administration and cut across various sectors of the economy. The initiatives are meant to put the economy on track through growth and employment.” If the National Assembly approves the requests for the loans, Nigeria’s foreign debt will increase to $11.5bn. The Federal

Government currently owes $3.5bn ($2.9bn from multilateral loans and $597.65m from other commercial sources). We are however concerned that this request from the executive was received on the day when newspapers reported that some government ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) secretly smuggled in over N1trillion projects into the 2012 budget being considered by the Senate. Although the chairman Senate committee on appropriation, Senator Mohammed Maccido, has recanted the statement credited to him, the existence of budget padding and corruption cannot be denied. It has so far impoverished the country in the midst of plenty, with over 112 million Nigerians said to be living under the poverty line. It is therefore insensitive to allow this to happen again. We view as equally insensitive the lawmakers’ decision to add over N500 billion to the appropriation submitted by the president as “constituency projects” for themselves. What’s more, the sloppiness in the budget preparation has

made the minister of finance to recall the earlier submission to remove replicated items. Measures must be taken to sanitise these incongruities and austerity moves that curb bloated recurrent expenditure entrenched. We need to remind our leaders that incurring more debt is not a way forward. The West African Gas Pipeline Project ought to have been completed long ago. The Jonathan administration would be impugning the legacy of its predecessors that had cut down substantially on Nigeria’s dubious foreign loans and their treadmill. Nigeria’s external debt of $32 billion in 2005 dropped to $5.67 billion in 2011 when the country enjoyed debt forgiveness from the Paris and London clubs of creditors. Seeking to return to the debtors club is an indulgence that the nation can ill-afford. It would be more economically rational for the government to transmute profligate budgetary provisions, such as constituency projects and lavish allowances, into meaningful projects. Nigerians deserve no less.

Ag. Editor Musa Ahmad Tijani Deputy Editors Kazeem Akintunde Christian Ochiama Chairman, Editorial Board Fatima Akilu, PhD Managing Editors Chuks Ohuegbe Iyobosa Uwugiaren Lilian Agih

Chairman/Editor-in-Chief Sam Nda-Isaiah Group Managing Director Azubuike Ishiekwene Managing Director LEADERSHIP Holdings

Abraham Nda-Isaiah Company Secretary/Legal Adviser Jibril Umar Divisional Directors ’Lara Olugbemi Chinyere Fred-Adegbulugbe Salisu Alhassan Bichi General Managers Joy Adekanye Abdulmumin Balogun Office of Chairman Nnamdi Samuel Bilkisu Mohammed Rimi Advert Hotlines Print 0806 972 7798 (Abuja) 0803 501 7848 (Abuja) 0805 420 7730 (Abuja) 0805 410 3016 (Abuja) 0704 178 4298 (Lagos) 0803 598 8858 (Kaduna) Online 0703 844 0323

LEADERSHIP is a national paper symbolically embedded in the nation’s capital. We shall stand up for good governance. We shall defend the interest of Nigerian people even against their rulers, and we shall raise our pen at all times in defence of what is right. These are the values by which we intend to be assessed. We shall never, ever for any reason forget the noble reason of our coming into being: For God and country!

Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

page 4 feature Tea: Drinking Your Way To Better T Health

Apart from water, tea is the second most consumed beverage on the planet.Tea consumption has been linked to numerous health benefits. A hot cup of tea not only relaxes the body but it helps prevent a wide range of ailments. RALIAT AHMED writes.

he Chinese are regarded as the first set of people to drink tea. As it is widely known, tea originated from China from where it was introduced to Japan and other lands. These two countries (China and Japan) are probably the most famous tea drinkers in the world. If you visit a home to any

of these countries, a person is highly honoured if served tea. The process and ritual is so painstaking and thorough that people attend tea schools where they learn the art of performing the ceremony properly. Drinking tea is like a ritual in some parts of the world, which can be compared to what happens in the Eastern part of Nigeria where a lot of importance is attached to breaking of kolanut.It is considered more important than the actual eating. In many other Asian countries, there are elaborate tea ceremonies at certain times of the year which are an important part of the annual cultural calendar. In England, when they talk about tea time, it is an important part of corporate timetable which is usually 4pm during the day. The tea break is highly observed by the employees such that industrial actions and labour disputes have resulted when employers failed to recognise it. In the Northern part of Nigeria, tea is drunk more than in the South, in spite of the fact that it is hotter than the South. In fact, it is believed that if you drink tea in a hot weather, it cools you down better than if you had taken a cold drink. Tea is said to have a lot of health benefits. Improving heart health, reducing cancer risk, warding off dementia and diabetes are all health benefits that have been credited to tea. Tea is classified into four different types - black, green, white, or oolong teas - all of which are made from the leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant. These four classes of teas are different from one another due to the way the leaves are prepared and how matured they are, which affects both flavour and nutritional content. Black tea is made from leaves that have been wilted (dried out) and then fully oxidised (meaning that chemicals in the leaves are modified through exposure to air). Green tea leaves are wilted but not oxidised. Oolong tea is wilted and then only partially oxidised while white tea is not wilted or oxidized at all. However, they are all high in polyphenols, a type of antioxidant that o protects the cells from the DNA damage that may cause cancer and other diseases. Sipping a cup of hot tea may be a safeguard against cancer. Population studies have linked the consumption of tea with a reduction in risk for several types of cancer. Researchers

Tea FacTs

Tea breaks are a tradition that has been on for approximately 200 years.

80% of office workers now claim they find out more about what’s going on at work over a cup of tea than in any other way.

Tea contains half the amount of caffeine found in coffee.

The number of recommended cups of tea to drink each day is 4, this gives you optimal benefit.

Tea was created more than 5,000 years ago in China.

Tea is a natural source of fluoride that can help protect against tooth decay and gum disease.

The first book about tea was written by Lu Yu in 800 A.D

Apart from tourism, tea is the biggest industrial activity in India.

98% of people take their tea with milk, but only 30% take sugar in tea. Source: www.tea.


speculate that the polyphenols in tea may inhibit certain mechanisms that promote cancer growth. Both green and black teas have been credited with cancer-inhibiting powers. One to four cups of black or green tea a day has been linked with a lower risk of Parkinson’s disease, prevent or delay certain risk factors of cardiovascular disease, and lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglycerides. Black tea also helps to boost the fight against the flu. In a recent study, people who gargled with a black tea extract solution twice per day showed a higher immunity to flu virus compared to the people who did not gargle with black tea. Another study suggested that the catechins and caffeine in green tea may give dieters a small metabolic boost that could amount to burning a few dozen extra calories per day. Adults who drank five or more cups of green tea per day had a 26 percent reduction in death from heart attack or stroke compared with those who had one cup or less. However, the effect was greater in women than in men. The result of another research on benefits of tea suggests that older women who are tea drinkers are 60 percent less likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than those who do not drink tea while drinking tea regularly for years may produce stronger bones. Those who drank tea on a regular basis for 10 or more years had higher-bone mineral density in their spines than those who had not. For people suffering from high blood pressure, they should not be surprised to learn that drinking tea has yet another health benefit: blood pressure control. Drinking a half-cup of green or oolong tea per day reduces a person’s risk of high blood pressure by almost 50 per cent in a new study. People who drank at least two and a half cups per day reduced their risk even more. Their risk was reduced even if they had risk factors for high blood pressure, such as high sodium intake.


LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012

ghting Jonathan Shops For New Army Chief In-fi In PDP's BY OUR CORRESPONDENT

President Goodluck Jonathan is frantically searching for a new chief of army staff as a replacement for incumbent Lt.-Gen. Azubuike Ihejirika who would soon be promoted to a four-star general and elevated to the position of chief of defence staff (CDS). The current CDS, Air Marshal

Petinrin, LEADERSHIP gathered, would be proceeding on retirement next month. Some names are already being brandished at the highest level. Top on the list is Maj.Gen. Joseph Shoboiki of Course 21 who was described as a good and experienced officer. He hails from Ogun State. Also on the list are Maj.-Gen. Sunday Idoko from Benue State,

who is currently with the Defence Headquarters. Idoko is of Course 20. Maj.-Gen. Garba Wahab Ayodele from Kwara State is also being considered, as is Major General MB Ibrahim from Nasarawa State, currently the JTF commander in Plateau State. Some officers who also made the list but not in the shortlist are Major-General Kenneth

Minimah who was described as a very good material for the job and who knows no tribe or creed. Reservations were expressed regarding Maj.-Gen. MD Abubakar and Major-General Adamu Marwa. However, another officer, Maj.-Gen. Buzugbe of Course 25, who was described as a very good and professional soldier was also dropped.

merce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture - to cancel its 33rd edition of the fair. A statement issued by the chamber’s director-general, Usman G. Saulawa, noted that “the decision became necessary to allow normalcy to return to the state and environs” and that “a new date for the fair would be communicated to exhibitors and the general public soon”. LEADERSHIP checks also revealed that commercial institutions such as banks and the micro-finance institutions are already losing big customers due to the insecurity that has engulfed the state. According to Alhaji Adamu Maishinkafa, the chairman, Sheikh Abubakar Gumi Market Association, “the rate at which people come to invest or do business in Kaduna State is fast dwin-

dling and this is very sad”. The chairman gave an example of traders at the Sheikh Abubakar Gumi Market who earned about N2 million from sales weekly, while “today they can hardly boast of making N200,000 within the same period”. Mazi Ikechukwu Nwadike, the chairman of Amalgamated Igbo Traders at Sheikh Abubakar Gumi Market, lamented that even though the association is persuading its members to remain in Kaduna State to continue their businesses, the state is becoming too dangerous, so they have to shift or look for alternatives elsewhere. “Let me tell you, I know of those who are already selling their properties in order to invest in secure and investment-friendly states,” he said.

INSECURITY Expatriates In North Relocate ➔ FROM FRONT PAGE you, we will leave.” The executive secretary of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Kaduna State branch, Suhail Habib, said the insurgency of Boko Haram is raising serious concern about the economy of the north. “Yes, I know some expatriates who are trying to relocate their industries outside this state, because of fear of Boko Haram in the country. Most of the expatriates are scared. They don’t know what will happen to their businesses tomorrow. I know some good number of companies that told us they are scared of this Boko Haram; they are thinking of relocating outside the state. Some are saying even outside the country. You know this Boko Haram issue is only affecting the north-

ern part of the country,” he said. The MAN scribe, who could not name such companies to LEADERSHIP, simply said: “All the manufacturing companies that are doing well at the moment want to leave, saying the situation is not ideal for them. “We are managing; as you are aware, a majority of the manufacturers in Kaduna are not doing well. The sector is collapsing. Most of our companies have closed down. So, we are just managing and the government is not doing well enough to assist us.” The north’s economy would face serious challenges in addition to the rising unemployment especially among youth, if expatriates relocate their companies. Already, the security challenges have forced the organisers of the Kaduna International Trade Fair - Kaduna Chamber of Com-

Bomb Explodes Near Christ Embasy Church In Suleja

TIMELINE OF BOMBINGS IN SULEJA April 8, 2011: Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) office bombing, 16 killed March 3, 2011: political rally bombed, 3 killed May 23, 2011: bomb explosion in Dakwa village in Bwari area council of the FCT, 3 peace officers, killed July 10, 2011: bomb explosion in All Christian Fellowship Church, 3 killed December 25, 2011: St. Theresa’s Catholic church in Madalla, 47 killed

➔ FROM FRONT PAGE no fewer than five people injured with one other in critical condition. The bomb blast, which is the sixth in Suleja by the Boko Haram, exploded yesterday morning in a parking space between the Eminent Hotel (now Crasia Hotels) and the Christ Embassy Church, Morocco Road, when worshippers were already in the church. Both buildings share the same parking space. LEADERSHIP had exclusively reported on December 27, 2011, why Suleja has since become a choice area for such bombings. It was gathered that while the bombers often find it difficult to easily penetrate Abuja, Suleja has served the terrorist’s purpose, considering the fact that it is a mix of natives and settlers who live there and work in Abuja. LEADERSHIP further revealed that the location of Suleja - a transit town that serves both the northern and southern parts of the country – has become a strategic enclave for criminal gangs, thereby making it an ideal recruitment ground for organizations like Boko Haram. Corroborating the investigation of LEADERSHIP on the fragile state of Suleja, security sources had revealed that a forest between Suleja and Lapai is being used as a hide-out for those that

escaped from Kotonkarfe prison but were unable to beat the security to go further. The police, over the weekend, said nine of the escaped prisoners were apprehended along Lapai forest in the state and attributed the two attacks on the police outpost in Suleja and Minna which claimed four of their men’s lives to those who escaped from the prison. President Goodluck Jonathan had, on December 31, declared a state of emergency in Suleja and other troubled parts of the north. However, an eyewitness of yesterday’s bomb blast told LEADERSHIP that the bomber had earlier driven to the parking space along the Morocco Road like any other worshipper and guest. “Nobody suspected him when he was parking but they became suspicious when he came out of the Honda car with registration Abuja 383ABC with gloves in his hand,” he said. The eyewitness stated further that when he came out of the car and the people were about to accost him, the bomb went off from the car, and, in the midst of the confusion, he escaped in another car parked along the popular road. Recounting how the bomb exploded, the pastor of Christ Embassy Church, Uyi Idugboe, said one of his congregation members had spotted a package between

two cars when he went outside to check whether his vehicle was locked. He then alerted everyone to stay indoors. "The blast struck just a few minutes after our service started at 10 am. When we were alerted, about 25 minutes before the detonation, we called everybody to go inside the church. That was why we didn't have casualties," he said. The spokesman for the National Emergency Management Agency, Mr. Yushua Shuaib, told Reuters: "No person died in the Suleja explosion. One person was seriously injured and is now in hospital. Four victims had minor injuries while five vehicles were damaged.” When contacted on the incident, the force police public relations officer Deputy Commissioner of Police Olusola Amore, could not comment on the issue. He said he had not been briefed by the Police PRO in the Niger State command. The police public relations officer of Niger State command, Richard Oguche, who confirmed the incident to LEADERSHIP disclosed that the blast did not cause any major damage. The explosion yesterday came barely two months after a similar bomb explosion planted by Boko Haram killed 37 people and wounded 57, in a Catholic Church in Madalla, Suleja.

Niger State Governor Babangida Aliyu

IG Mohammed Abubakar


As the ruling Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, holds its National Executive Council (NEC) meeting today, subtle scheming and underground political wars are said to be going on within the party's Na- Baraje tional Working Committee (NWC). The aspiration of most members of the Alhaji Kawu Baraje-led NWC to succeed itself by swapping positions is taking its toll on the peaceful coordination of the party's forthcoming national convention especially as regards the chairmanship of the party as two members of the NWC are at loggerheads over who will succeed Baraje. Following what LEADERSHIP gathered was the unsuccessful attempt by Baraje to continue in office through a caretaker committee arrangement, the party's leadership is said to be witnessing intense power play amongst the NWC members who, at several quarters, have been accused of apportioning offices to themselves and working toward zoning such offices to favour them. With the issue of zoning of offices almost sorted out - the NEC is expected to endorse the arrangement today - some NWC members have resorted to intense lobbying especially among governors who are said to have a major say in who becomes the party's chairman. In a bid to outdo each other and get the endorsement of certain power brokers, damaging campaigns and name-dropping are reportedly being used to the detriment of opponents, an issue which got out of hand at a recent meeting of some party stakeholders in Abuja. Meanwhile, ahead of the NEC meeting today, President Jonathan Goodluck has had a closeddoor meeting with some key political allies on issues regarding the convention. Reports say that, except if altered, there may not be elections come next month as, again, the party is gearing towards the adoption of consensus to produce the next party chairman and other members of the NWC. Though details of the meeting could not be ascertained, secretary to the government of the federation, Anyim Pius Anyim and some north-east governors, LEADERSHIP further learnt, had formed the caucus that met at the weekend.

6 NEwS

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Group News Editor: Tony Amokeodo Court Summons NJC, Uwais’ Panel Over Salami’s Reinstatement By AhurAKA ISAh, Abuja

l-r: Managing director, Chevron Nigeria limited, Mr Andrea Fawthrop; the Amana-Nawei of Kolu-Ama I, hrh Jeremiah lechemo; Minister of Petroleum resources, Mrs. diezani Alison-Madueke; and the Amana-Nawei of Kolu-Ama II, hrh Newton Mienye, during the minister’s tour of communities affected by the recent Chevron gas rig fire in Bayelsa State. Courtesy: NNPC

Trailer Crushes Baby, 2 Others To Death By ABIoduN TAIWo, Abeokuta

A trailer has crushed three persons to death along the Papalanto-Ilaro Road in Yewa South Local Government Area of Ogun State. The auto crash occurred at Oteyi Village when the driver of the trailer fully loaded with cement lost control and rammed

into an oncoming Mazda car marked OG 07 LAR. In the process, the trailer killed the three occupants of the car, including a baby on the spot. Sources also informed LEADERSHIP that the driver of the trailer marked Jigawa XB 14 XG was going to a yet to be confirmed destination with the cement consignment when the incident happened.

It was gathered that after the incident, the driver of the trailer took to his heels to escape mob attack. The development allegedly infuriated passersby and sympathizers, comprising youths , who attempted to set the trailer ablaze. But the timely arrival of security operatives at the accident scene prevented the youths from carrying out their plans. The accident affected vehicu-

lar movement as motorists plying the road had to stop and park on the highway to catch a glimpse of the lifeless bodies of the accident victims just as tears flowed freely down their faces. The remains of the accident victims whose identities were yet to be identified as at press time yesterday, had been deposited at the Mortuary of the General Hospital, Ilaro.

Pastor Shot At Kaduna Govt house dies In hospital By MIDAT JOSEPH, Kaduna The Director of Finance and Administration, Kaduna State Ministry of Information, Pastor Isua Kiforo, who was shot for alleged dangerous driving into Kaduna State Government House last Monday, has died at the 44 Army Referral Hospital, six days after the incidence. His eldest son, Manasseh Kiforor, also confirmed the development during a telephone interview

with LEADERSHIP yesterday. Commenting on the matter, Manasseh said, “My father died this afternoon in the hospital. Thank you for calling.” In his tribute, the Kaduna State Commissioner for Information, Alhaji Saidu Adamu said, “I was informed about his death this afternoon. He was a nice, gentle and good person to work with. For the years we have worked together, I have found him to be a great staff to work with. I don’t understand why

he did what led to his being shot. That would be left to the police to explain.” When LERADERSHIP visited the residence of the late Kiforo at Kashim Ibrahim Road, Narayi High Cost, Kaduna, friends and well wishers were seen trooping in to pay their last respect to the late Pastor’s family. The deceased is survived with five children, Manasseh Kiforo (23) , a graduate of ICT, Jude Kiforo (21) a civil servant, Abigail Kiforo (19)

student, Nehemiah Kiforo (17) student and David (11) who is also a student.

late Kiforo

ANPP Wamakko Wins Sokoto Guber Poll Again By MAhMoud MuhAMMAd,


Former Sokoto State Governor and Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) governorship candidate, Alhaji Aliyu Wamakko, was lucky for the third time yesterday as he won last Saturday’s governorship election in Sokoto State. According to the results released by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), Wamakko

won in all the 23 local government areas of the state. The results which were declared at the Sultan Muhammadu Maccido Institute for Qur’anic and General Studies in Sokoto, by the INEC Returning Officer for the polls, Prof. Abdullahi Zuru, showed that Wamakko polled 518,247 votes out of the total 728,108 votes cast. Wamakko’s votes represent 71.8 per cent of the entire votes cast. According to INEC, Wamakko

scored two- thirds of the votes cast while his closest opponent, Alhaji Yuhe’u Ahmed Kebbe of the All Nigeria People’s Party (ANPP) polled 131,048 votes and secured 35 per cent of the votes. Wamakko has officially accepted his declaration, saying that his victory was the will of God.Meanwhile, spontaneous protest has trailed the declaration of Wamakko as winner of the poll. A few property were reportedly burnt in the ancient city of So-

koto. It took the intervention of the joint security operatives to restore peace to the seat of the Caliphate. The ANPP and its candidate have rejected the results of the election. Kebbe told journalists that the results did not reflect the wishes of the people. Meanwhile, President Goodluck Jonathan described the re-election of Wamakko as a demonstration of the people’s uanalloyed confidence in the PDP.

A Federal High Court in Abuja on Friday ordered the National Judicial Council (NJC) and Justice Muhammad Uwais-led Judicial Stakeholders Review Committee to show cause why it should not grant the request of a plaintiff, Mr. Noah Ajare, asking it to restrain them from their recommendations for the reinstatement of the suspended President of the Court of Appeal (PCA), Justice Ayo Isa Salami. Justice Abdul Kafarati had issued the order after listening to an ex-parte application by the human rights lawyer, Ajare, seeking to restrain the NJC from deliberating on the said recommendations while suits on over Salami’s suspension were still pending. Justice Kafarati had asked the defendants to come and show cause why the applicant’s motion seeking for interim injunction to restrain the NJC and the panel from further holding meetings, discussion and all recommendations for the reinstatement of Salami pending the hearing of the substantive matter. The case has been adjourned till March 1.

ojukwu’s Son Takes ‘Ezeigbo’Title By dAvId-Chyddy ElEKE, Awka

Barely two months after the traditional ruler of Nri, Igwe Obidiegwu Onyesoh, crowned Chief Ralph Uwazuruike as the Ijele(the biggest masquerade) of the Igbo race, the first son of the late Igbo leader, Chief Emeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu (Jnr), in a travesty of tradition, has been crowned to succeed his father by his mother’s kinsmen. The reception of the title is coming barely two weeks to the final burial of Ikemba Nnewi, the late Chief Emeka Odumegwu-Ojukwu, which is slated for March 2. Emeka Ojukwu Junior was yesterday crowned Ikemba 11 Ndi Igbo and given the Ofor Umunri by the traditional ruler of Nawfia, Igwe Chijioke Nwankwo. His mother was the daughter of Chief C.T Onyekwelu from Nawfia On why he gave the Ikemba, an Nnewi title, to Emeka Ojukwu Junior, the traditional ruler said, ‘’Actually, the Ikemba title did not come from Nnewi, it came from Nri kingdom and we are restoring it and since Ojukwu Jnr’s mother is from here, we have chosen to honour him with the title, he merited it.”

NewS north central 7

Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

Aliyu Appoints New Chancellor For IBB Varsity, Replaces Emir of Suleja Abu Nmodu Minna

The Governor of Niger State Dr. Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu, has approved the appointment of the Emir of Minna, Alhaji Umar Faruq Bahago, as the new Chancellor of Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai (IBBU). A statement issued by Secretary to the State Government, Mr. Daniel Clifford Shashere, disclosed that the new Chancellor replaces the Emir of Suleja, Alhaji Awwal Ibrahim, who Babangida Aliyu was the Chancellor for about seven years. The statement added that the appointment of Bahago was based on merit, proven integrity and outstanding record of performance in his previous assign-

ANAN Lauds Probe Of Subsidy Fund, To Sanction Any Member Involved Abu Nmodu, Minna

The President, Association of National Accountants of Nigeria (ANAN) and Chairman of Council, Hajia Maryam Ladi Ibrahim, has supported the ongoing probe of subsidy fund by the National assembly. This was just as she said that any member of the association found to have aided the fraud would have his certificate withdrawn. She told Journalists at the weekend after the election and inauguration of new executive committee members of the Niger State branch of the association, that the probe in the oil sector would make the people in government to be accountable to the people as much as possible. “I want to say that as a true citizen of this country and as a professional Accountant, I support what is going on; it shows that the president of this country and the National Assembly collectively and individually deemed it fit to have a transparent government,” she said and “We have not heard or seen members of ICAN or our members’ names being mentioned. But I want to let you know that if our members were indicted in any of the ongoing probes either at the National Assembly or at the Anti graft agencies, their certificates would be withdrawn immediately by the management and board of the professional bodies.

ments, especially when he was the former Chancellor of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State. The statement added that as a former Chancellor, the Emir of Minna was expected to bring his knowledge and wealth of experience to bear in the performance of his new assignment by improving on the achievements of his predecessor towards the present administration’s desire to transform the institution into a centre of excellence and research, the SSG stressed. The State Government, however, commended the former Chancellor Alhaji Awwal Ibrahim for his tremendous contributions to the overall development of the institution. The statement added that Gov Aliyu congratulated the new Chancellor on the appointment and wished him success and Allah’s guidance in the performance of his duties.

shoRt news

Benue PDP, ACN Bicker Over Supreme Court Judgment by SolomoN AyAdo, Makurdi The recent Supreme Court ruling which upheld the victory of the Governor of Borno state, Alhaji Kashim Shettima, has metamorphosed into a serious political war between the Peoples Democratic Party and the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) in Benue State. The Supreme Court had ruled that it would be an exercise in futility if the apex court had granted the decision of the Court of Appeal that ordered a retrial of the governorship petition of Alhaji Mohammed Goni and the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP).

5 In Police Net For Fraud Abu Nmodu Minna

Police has arrested five persons including an Administrative Officer in the Office of the Accountant General of the Federation over illegal withdrawal of the sum of N419million from two Cooperative Society Accounts. The Multipurpose Co-operative society, Yak Cooperative soci-

ety and Kungiya Mata Niger were to be used as the conduit pipe to withdraw the money from a government account before they were nabbed by the police. LEADERSHIP investigation revealed that the suspects were Nasiru Ibrahim of the Federal pay office Minna; Mohammed Bello Hamisu of the National Poverty Eradication Programme, Minna; Aliyu Ibrahim, a staff of

Chanchanga Local Government and Buhari Mohammed of Kpagungu area of Minna. Further investigation revealed that the men had confessed to the police that they were contacted by a man simply known as as Adebiyi from Lagos who claimed to be a contractor with the Niger State Government and wanted them to help him clear the money.

The Governor of Niger state, dr Mu’azu babangida Aliyu, administering an Oral Polio Vaccine [OPV] to a child during the flag -off of the third quarterly sensitisation campaign on polio eradication in Zungeru, Niger state. PhOTO by hAMIsu AbubAKAR

Passenger Killed In

HIV/AIDS: Benue Govt Tasks Hoteliers Over Condoms Benue Robbery

by SolomoN AyAdo, Makurd

Hoteliers in Benue State have been enjoined to place condoms and diaphragms in their facilities as part of effort to curb the menace of HIV/AIDS in the State. This was sequel to rampant cases of death witnessed in the State due to the prevalence of the dreaded disease, which has infected a large segment of the population of the State. LEADERSHIP observed that in recent time, most of the hotels and guest houses in the state have turned playground for commercial

sex workers bent on hanging around them waiting for patrons. The state commissioner for culture and Tourism, Mrs. Comfort Ajene, while speaking in Makurdi, at a sensitisation workshop on placement of condoms in Hotels, organised for hotel operators in the state said that HIV/AIDS was a general concern for all and sundry and that proactive and sustained measures were needed to be put in place so as to eradicate the syndrome. Mrs. Ajene said that the ministry was charged with many responsibilities

among which was ensuring that hotels in the State operate in line with best international practices and added that the Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation (NTDC) Act 1992 established a mandatory grading of accommodations and food services. She frowned at the manner at which members of the public, especially young girls, who she said were abusing the gift of nature by engaging in all forms of commercial sex activities and urged hotel operators to place condoms around their hotel rooms and or premises.

Supreme Court Judgment: Kwara ACN Applauds Sacked CJ’s Reinstatement by AbdullAhI OlesIN Ilorin

The Kwara State branch of the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN) has applauded last week’s judgment by the Supreme Court reinstating the sacked Chief Judge of Kwara state, Justice Raliat HabeebElelu. The Supreme Court reinstated the sacked Chief Judge in a judgment delivered last Friday In a statement made available to LEADERSHIP, the State Chairman of ACN,

Mr. Kayode Olawepo said “our party received the news with extreme joy because the judgment represents a step forward in our people’s long standing quest for justice and fairness.” He continued “for us, the unlawful sack of Justice Habeeb-Elelu was just one of the many injustices and impunities of the past administration. Similar to this case is the continued seizure of pension arrears due to Kwara pensioners and entitlements of some councilors and council chairmen in the State.

“If anybody doubted that the government was one of impunity, lawlessness and disregard for due process, the Friday ruling served as an eye-opener and further strengthens the people’s confidence in the rule of law. “We are not unmindful of the antics of the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, government to dampen the spirit of the honourable justice and undermine the Supreme Court ruling, but, as the court verdict has shown, there will always be a tragic end to impunity and mischief.

by SolomoN AyAdo, Makurdi

A gang of armed robbers shot and killed one passenger in a robbery incident that occurred along AliadeMakurdi road in Gwer East Local Government Area of Benue State. The robbery incident which occurred at about 3.30pm claimed the life of one Nyiekula Akor even as valuable belongings of some passengers were carted away by the robbers. It was gathered that the robbers were on tipped-off that the passengers were workers of Gwer East Local Government believed to be have been paid salaries on the fateful day. An eye witness who narrated the robbery incident to LEADERSHIP said, “The robbers blocked the road that afternoon when they were shouting for passengers to lie face down. In the beginning, we heard the wailings and shouting of passengers pleading to the robbers to spare them, but we could not get to the scene of the incident as the robbers were shooting sporadically in the air.” He revealed further that “we were able to rush to the place after the criminals had finished their operation and driven off. We saw one of the passengers lying dead on the ground, while others fainted due shock.” Our correspondent further gathered that one of the passengers, Nyiekula Akor, who was shot and killed, was a member of the popular Gabon Akuhe musical group, entertainers of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Benue state.

8 news north west & north east

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

‘Bad Governance Killing Northern Economy’ By MIDAT JOSEPH, Kaduna

Gov yakowa

Bad governance and insecurity is forcing some companies to relocate from the northern part of the country thereby causing poverty in the region, the Director General and Chief Executive Officer of the Institute of Directors, Akin Ajayi has said. Ajayi who stated this in Kaduna

at a business sensitization Seminar, added that the collapse of industries in the northern part of Nigeria had brought the region to a standstill more than the Boko Haram crises. “One of the bigger problems we are having is that, we are here in Kaduna where there were strong striving textile industries and through smuggling, poor foreign policy choices, we allowed our own

industries to die and import to take over. “That was a big blow to the economy of Kaduna. The closure of the industries is vicious than the current crises in the area. What did the government and the membership organization here do? We’ve not seen anything because they have not concentrated enough on the need to revive the industries. So, part of what we are doing is for

business men and women to look at ways in which they can improve on their businesses, “he said. Also speaking on the issue of the unrest in the northern part of the country that has brought several businesses to a standstill, Ajayi said that government have not done anything to take care of the businesses. “Is there a common voice from government concerning the impact of security on businesses?

collapse Oil Industry

ABU Graduates 51 In Disaster Risk Mgt By ISAIAH BENJAMIN, Kaduna

Speaker, House of Representatives, Hon Aminu Tambuwal, casting his vote at the community Day Secondary School Voting unit in Tambuwal lGA during the governorship election in Sokoto State on Saturday. PHOTO By NAN

BoRNo GUBER: Commissioner Lauds S’Court Verdict By NkEcHI ISAAc, Abuja

The Borno State Commissioner of Home Affairs, Information and Culture, Inuwa Bwala has lauded the verdict of the Supreme Court which up held the victory of the State Governor, Alhaji Kashim Shettima, in the April 26, 2011 governorship elections. Speaking with journalists weekend in Abuja, the commissioner said the victory has further vindicated the governor. Bwala said, “The Supreme Court has vindicated our position and have proved that the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) didn’t have a case in the first place. The outcome of the petition was not a complete departure from expectation, it was quite satisfactory.” The commissioner posited that the governor bears no grudge against anyone and called on all opposition parties to join the governor in moving the state forward.

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Taskforce Chide NNPC over Reappearance of Queues By MuAzu ElAzEH, Katsina

The Katsina State government constituted task force committee on petroleum products has chided Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) for not supplying sufficient petroleum products to the state.

The Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) Zaria, Centre for Disaster Management and Development has graduated 51 pioneer postgraduate students in disaster risk management. The graduands who were drawn from various professions including the military, paramilitary, medical and social sciences were trained in various aspects of disaster risk management. Director of the Centre, Prof. Edwin Ekwuzi speaking weekend at the award ceremony of the one year course, said the programme was in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and was aimed at tackling the problem of disaster management in the country. Prof. Ekwuzi represented by Dr Funsho Joseph said, “NEMA finds a synergy with ABU and five other universities in each of the six geopolitical zones to tackle the problem of disaster management in the country.

Senate’s N1.8bn Cars: Christian Lawyers Condemn FG’s Plan By MIDAT JOSEPH, Kaduna

Rising from its President-in-Council meeting in Onitsha, Anambra state, the Christian Lawyers Fellowship of Nigeria (CLASFON) yesterday frown at the federal government’s planed to spend a whopping sum of N1.8 billion for the purchase of new cars for senators. The Christian lawyers in a communiqué signed by Mr. Sunny Akanni and Mr Arome Okwori, president and secretary of CLAS-

FON respectively and made available to LEADERSHIP in Kaduna, noted that it was unfortunate, that while the Nigerian masses were groaning under very difficult economic hardship, government was planning to spend such a huge amount on just 109 people. The Fellowship which frown at the decision, also questioned the rationale behind the 100 million naira donation to Kano State victims of the recent bomb explosions by the Central Bank Governor, Mallam Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, saying “such action was

against the laws establishing the CBN.” The lawyers said the federal government’s plan to spends N1.8 billion for the purchase of new cars for senators was unacceptable, given the current hardship Nigerians were going through as a result of the removal of subsidy on fuel. “This proposal is very alarming because Nigerians have been led to believe that the Government will limit itself to only necessary expenses in a bid to save cost. We urge the National Assembly to rescind this decision by withdrawing

CBN Donates Foodstuff To Arewa Orphanage Home By ISAIAH BENJAMIN, Kaduna

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Kaduna branch has donated foodstuff to the orphans and less privileged at the Jamm’aiyar Matan Arewa orphanage home in Kaduna. Some of the items donated includes rice, indomie, golden mourn, peak milk, pampers, cornflakes, soaps, student mattresses, stand-

ing fan, groundnut oil, NAN 1 baby food, biscuit, milo, baby wipes and St. louis sugar among others. Presenting the items, the CBN, Kaduna branch controller, Alhaji Muhammed Ibrahim Gusau, said the donation was not particularly coming from the CBN as an establishment but from the staff of the branch who have collectively tasked themselves to touch the lives of the less privileged.

He said, the essence of the donation was to impact positively on the less privileged and also give them a sense of belonging in the society. “It started with alms collection where staff donates voluntarily, when we saw that it was not making too much impact, we decided to collectively task ourselves and contribute to purchase these things. This is one of the other places we are distributing gift items.

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ANPP Rejects Results of Sokoto Guber Poll By MAHMOuD MuHAMMAD, Sokoto

The Sokoto State Chapter of the All Nigeria Peoples Party (ANPP) has rejected the result of Saturday’s governorship election conducted across the state.

LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012


10 newS South weSt

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Building Collapse: Lagos Tasks Residents, CDAs By GeorGe okojie Lagos

As frequent cases of building collapse continue to take its toll on the nation, the Lagos State Government, at the weekend, implored residents and Community Development Associations, (CDAs) to monitor and report any suspected development of property that did not conform to building regulations.

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Lagos assembly Begins Scrutiny of MDas, others By Taiwo oGUnmola Lagos

Lagos State House of Assembly Committee on Public Accounts (State) will today begin the scrutiny of the 2010 financial dealings of government Ministries, Department and Agencies, (MDAs). This is sequel to the submission of the Auditor General’s Report to the chairman, House committee on Public Accounts (State), Hon. Bolaji Ayinla, who represents Mushin Constituency ll.

The State Commissioner for Physical Planning and Urban Development, Mr. Olutoyin Ayinde, who stated this at an interactive session with residents, stakeholders of Ikeja Local Government, Ojodu and Onigbongbo Local Council Development Areas revealed that the State government has ordered owners of filling stations, restaurants and fast-food outlets in the State to build toilets for the general use of members of

the public in their stations. Ayinde stressed that the task of making Lagos State a frontline city in Nigeria in terms of development and transformation was a collective responsibility and said that achieving a sustainable environment could only be attained by adhering to planning rules and regulations. Harping on the incessant collapse of buildings, he urged the residents and CDAs to seek information on

building development to know when people were taking wrong steps in building production process. He said that his ministry, in conjunction with the Ministry of Environment, has started pulling down structures built on drainages and canals to forestall flooding during the rainy season. “I want to implore everyone to seek information from our offices before embarking on develop-

Lagos assembly to review Law on Hemp Smoking By Taiwo oGUnmola Lagos

Lagos State House of Assembly may review the law prohibiting smoking of Indian hemp at the recreation centres of the State. Chairman House Committee on Youths, Sports and Social Development, Hon. Babatunde Ayeni, disclosed this during the committee’s visit to the Office of Youths and Social Development at Alau-

sa, Ikeja, Lagos. “The House has received complaints and petitions on the activities of hoodlums and miscreants who have turned various sports centres in the State to haven for Indian hemp smoking. As a matter of urgency, the House would review the law to fight against this bad act in our society”, he added. The Lawmaker frowned at this development and said that the House through its Committee

would review the law establishing recreation centre. A member of the Committee, Honourable Lanre Ogunyemi, representing Ojo constituency II, narrated his experience on how miscreants defaced Public Schools in his constituency with faeces turning it into Public Toilets. Ogunyemi, however, implored the Office of Youth and Social Development to urgently address the matter.

Enumerate Dilapidating Buildings, Osun Tells LG Directors By SeFiU ayanBimpe Osogbo

Directors of Town Planning in the 30 Local Government Areas of Osun State have been directed to embark on enumeration of dilapidating and deteriorating buildings in the areas for appropriate action by the State government. The State Commissioner for Lands, Physical Planning and Urban Development, Architect Olu-

muyiwa Ige, gave the directive at a meeting held with Directors of Town Planning in the 30 Local Government Areas and Ife-East Area Office. Ige noted that the assignment was an urgent one and added that its outcome would provide the government with a data base that could be relied upon for proper planning. The commissioner said that the State Government had discovered that some people were living

in houses that were not habitable and said that some of these houses were at the stage of collapsing while some were fast deteriorating. He explained that the government decided to take census of all dilapidating and deteriorating buildings across the State in order to arrest the ugly situation. The Commissioner therefore appealed to all the directors of Town Planning to handle the assignment with the seriousness it deserved.

ment. This information is provided free of charge to people. I must also add that we all must monitor physical development in our environment because we can never tell what type of structure it could lead to, it could be a warehouse or multiple storey building without approval. If government is informed on time, it can speedily step in unlike when it has to be demolished,” he added.

Power outage: LutH Provides Back up By Florence Udoh


Lagos University Teaching Hospital, LUTH, IdiAraba, Lagos has put in place a back-up electricity supply in critical service areas to counter the effects of power outages by the Power Holding Company of Nigeria, PHCN. The Chief Medical Director, Prof. Akin Oshibogun who spoke at the weekend in Lagos on challenges with power supply at the tertiary health institution, said that an arrangement was in place now to ensure continuous availability of power such that essential services could not be completely paralysed. He noted that LUTH, like other public and private institutions nationwide, was experiencing challenges of electricity supply from the PHCN and said that the mat-

ter had been taken up at appropriate levels with a view to getting better attention from the electricity company. Oshibogun, reiterated that the Federal government had already enabled the health institution to put in place arrangement for an independent power plant initiative to augment public power supply and stressed that there was also in place an infallible service delivery system that ensures that in the event of challenges in a particular section of the hospital, critical services could be provided in another section of the hospital. “For example, the theatres are located in three different zones of the hospital and management can deploy these facilities as may be appropriate. Each of the three zones has different electricity back-up systems.

shoRT news

Bishop advises religious Leaders on Public office Holders

Police Parade Suspected Criminals

By alo aBiola Ado-Ekiti

The Catholic Bishop of Ekiti Diocese, Bishop Felix Femi Ajakaye, has advised religious leaders not to encourage members of their congregations to engage in corruption and other unwholesome acts that could bring their faith into disrepute. Ajakaye, gave the advice in Ado Ekiti, the Ekiti State capital at the weekend, at the Nigerian Youth Leadership Summit organised by a group of youth leaders in the State. The Clergyman urged spiritual leaders to stop collecting money in the name of donations and offerings from corrupt public officials in order to rid the society of corruption and other social ills that characterised the country.

By david akinadewo, Akure

l-r: Bauchi State Governor isa yuguda; his lagos State counterpart, mr. Babatunde Fashola (San), wife of Bauchi State Governor, mrs abiodun yuguda, during a business luncheon lecture titled, “nigerian Unity: marching Forward to african Greatness,” organised by the island club at the peacock hall, island club, onikan, lagos, on Friday. phoTo By nan

The Police in Ondo State have recorded a feat in crime fighting as it paraded eight suspected members of two gangs of bank raiders at the weekend. With this success, in apprehending the robbers who invaded banks in the state in broad day light, public confidence might soon be restored in the force.

news South & south east 11

Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

Lassa Fever Strikes In Rivers Residents of Port Harcourt, Rivers State now live in fear following the outbreak of Lassa fever in the State which has left in its wake, scores of people dead.

L – R: Deputy Speaker, House of Representatives, Hon. Emeka Ihedioha; Chairman of the occasion, Dr. Anagha Ezeikpe; and Secretary to Imo State Government, Prof. Anthony Anwuka, at the colloquium on the Ahiara Declaration in honour of Dim Odumegwu Ojukwu at Ahiara, Ahiazu-Mbaise, Imo State at the weekend.

By Anayo Onukwugha, Port Harcourt

The Rivers State Commissioner for Health, Dr. Sampson Parker, who disclosed this to journalists in Port Harcourt, said that the acute viral illness was caused by rats and has so far, proved very difficult to diagnose. Parker, said it was the first time the state was taking medical notice of the disease, pointing out that six cases were already confirmed. Explaining that government has taken measures to control the disease since its outbreak, the commissioner said; “We have a challenge of Lassa fever, which also requires that we tell our people about it. This is the first time we are taking medical notice of this disease in the state. “Before, there were doubts about the existence of the disease in the state. So far, only one person; a nurse, has died. We have found six cases and have taken the samples to Edo for confirmation. “Apart from importing drugs and protective equipment, we have formed a rapid response team to tackle the problem. We have been able to allay the fears expressed by our medical staff.’’

Ojukwu Is Not Dead - Ijaw Youth Leader By Nnamdi Mbawike, Enugu


As the internment date for the late former leader of Biafra, Dim Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, draws nearer, the Ijaw Youth Council (IYC) weekend disclosed that the late Igbo leader was not dead, saying he passed on to join other great African leaders. President of the association and coordinator of the Coalition of Nations and Organisation of

Nigeria (CNON), Miabiye Kuromiema, stated this when the organisation paid a condolence visit to the widow of the late Biafran leader, Bianca, at Ojukwu’s residence in Enugu. “In Africa, our great leaders do not die. The Ikemba of Nnewi is not and could not have died! He has just passed on to join great African leaders like our beloved Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe , Dr. Kwame Nkuruma of Ghana, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, Alhaji Ahmadu Bello,the

Sarduana of Sokoto, Chief Melford Okilo, and many other worthy leaders. “We know they are in the clouds over us, joined with the Almighty God. But to keep the memories of our father alive among us, in his honour, we have convened an AllNight Congress meeting to review his legacy and to examine the Nigerian nation and its federalism and come out with concrete measures that will reclaim our country from its downward spiral,” he said.

TUC Decries Anti-Labour Practices At Onne By Anayo Onukwugha, Port Harcourt

TUC President, Comrade Peter Esele

The Trade Union Congress (TUC) has decried the anti-labour practices adopted by multi-national companies operating at the Federal Lighter Terminal (FLT) and the Federal Ocean Terminal (FOT) in Onne, Rivers State. TUC President, Comrade Peter Esele, told newsmen in Port Harcourt that most multi-national

firms that were operating in TransAmadi, Port Harcourt have all relocated to Onne in order to benefit from the anti-labour practices. Esele, who was reacting to a recent face-off between the oil workers’ union and an oil servicing firm, Vam Services, said; “The reason why you have a lot of people moving out of Trans-Amadi and moving to Onne is because they have a wall around themselves and the anti-labour practices that go on

within that wall in Onne cannot happen in any part of the world. “There are no collective bargaining agreements among Nigerians who are working in most multinational companies operating in Onne. Why are they afraid of the Union if they meant well for their workers.” The TUC boss regretted that Nigerian elected leaders often forgot their people once elected into public office.


ShunDialogue,Risk Breakup, UmehTells FG By DavidChyddy Eleke, Awka

The National Chairman of the All Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA), Chief Victor Umeh, has stated that if the federal government continued to shy away from the issue of dialogue, they may never be a Nigeria in the nearest future.

SON Destroys 3 Truckload Of Used Tyres By David-Chyddy Eleke, Awka

The Standards Organisation of Nigeria (SON) at the weekend destroyed three truckload of used tyres estimated at several million of naira at a dumpsite in Agu-Awka in Awka, Anambra State. No fewer than 30 shops, packed full of used tyres were sealed by officials of SON in both Onitsha and Awka. Director- General of the Standards Organisation of Nigeria (SON), Dr. Joseph Odumodu, said that statistics on the number of accidents arising from the use of second-hand tyres in Nigeria was alarming, adding that the only way such could be stopped was by abolishing the sale of such tyres. Odumodu, who was represented by the Director of Enforcement in the agency, Mr. Louis Njoku, admonished car owners to check their tyres carefully before purchasing them to ensure that they were not expired.

Fishermen Bemoan Bonga Oil Spill By David-Chyddy Eleke, Awka The Federal High Court presided over by Honourable Justice Peter Olayiwola, has issued a motion of interim injunction ordering the PDP, its National Executive Committee(NEC) and the National Working Committee(NWC), including the Chairman, Board of Trustees to let Chief Ken Emeakhayi, attend its meeting today. The injunction is consequent upon a motion ex-parte dated February 17 , 2012, filed by Chief Ken Emeakhayi, factional chairman of PDP in the state, seeking that the parties involved be called upon to allow him attend the party’s NEC meeting which holds in Abuja, today. Emeakhayi, also sought from the court an order of interim injunction restraining the respondents from also taking further steps in connection with the matter to stop him as a member of the NEC by virtue of his position as the chairman of PDP in Anambra State from attending the meeting.

Ex-Police Chief Joins ACN In Edo

By Patrick Ochoga, Benin City

Over one thousand persons, including a former Commissioner of Police in Delta State, Mr. Jeff Oshiomogho, at the week-

end decamped to the ruling Action Congress of Nigeria(ACN) from the PDP in Ogbonna, Etsako Central Local Government Area. Speaking on the occasion, Oshiomogho, said he decided to join

the ACN in order to join hands with Governor Oshiomhole, in moving the state forward. According to him: “We are all seeing what he is doing. He has tried for Edo people. He is working in all the local government

areas. If he can do this in four years what will he do in eight years? “That is why I told my people to embrace the Action Congress of Nigeria. The era of the PDP is over. We are moving Ogbon-

na from opposition to position.” Receiving the new entrants, Governor Oshiomhole, said his mission in government was to redefine politics and bring governance to the door steps of the people.

12 news across the states

Kano Police To Redeem Image By Salisu Ibrahim, Kano

Kano State Police Command has launched ‘Operation Restore Hope’ in an effort to reposition and redeem the battered image of the force. The Commissioner of Police, Kano State Commad, Mr. Ibrahim Idris, said at the weekend that any police officer caught in corrupt activity will be dealt with according to the law. He said: “It is common knowledge how corruption has eaten deep into the force particularly in its daily activities but this would not be allowed to continue.” Idris said that corruption in the service came in the form of abuse of power and authority which include harassment at checkpoints and assault on innocent citizens at stations, extortion of money, and inhuman treatment to suspects and innocent members of the community. Most corrupt practices are in our investigation branches at the Divisional and Command levels, where civil cases, land cases are being handled for pecuniary intentions.”

Police Release Arrested Activists In Lagos By Taiwo Ogunmola, Lagos

The Secretary of the Joint Action

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EFCC Arraigns Man For Defrauding Ex-NPC Boss By Yau Waziri, Gombe

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has been arraigned one Sanusi Nalado, before the Federal High Court, Gombe, for allegedly defrauding Alhaji Mohammed Ahmed Toungo, a former federal commissioner with the National Population Commission (NPC) of over N7.3 million.

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Traffic Warden Loses Gov’s Gift By KOLA NIYI-EKE, Asaba

A traffic warden, Mr Joseph Ikporo, had his joy taken away from him when armed bandits snatched from him a Hiace Bus given to him by Delta State Governor Emmanuel Uduaghan. Ikporo, well-known in War-

ri and environs, assists in decongesting traffic as a voluntary traffic warden and it was as a result of his humanitarian service that the Uduaghan, in 2011, gave him a Toyota Hiace bus. According to Ikporo, while speaking with our correspondent, his joy was short-lived because the bus was snatched from him on July 7, 2011.

He said the armed robbers came to hire the bus and cunningly took him in company with his in-law to Ughelli, where he was blindfolded and dispossessed of the bus at gun point. Ikporo lamented that since that incident, life had been a misery for him and his family and calledon Uduaghan to come to his rescue once again.

FCT Police Releases Hotlines To Fight Crime By Chika Otuchikere, Abuja

Against the backdrop of the riot act recently read to members of the police by the Acting Inspector General of Police (IGP), Mr. Mohammed Abubakar, the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) police command has released hotlines with which the FCT residents could reach the force. FCT Police Public Relations Officer (PPRO), Mr Jimoh Moshood

Front (JAF), Comrade Abiodun Aremu, has disclosed that 16 activists arrested on Saturday by police command, have been released. Aremu disclosed this to LEADERSHIP on phone while reacting to the arrest of 16 activists during the peaceful procession of JAF, the Ni-

who made this disclosure to LEADERSHIP, said the Commissioner of Police, FCT Command, Mr. Mikee Zuokumor, called on members of the public to avail themselves of the hotlines to rid the nation’s capital of undesirable element. Moshood gave out the following numbers as hotlines for Abuja residents to contact the police: 08032003913, 08061581938. He urged the public to co-operate with the police to fight crimes say-

gerian Medical Association (NMA), the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) and the Muslim Congress which was heading toward the Gani Fawenhimi Freedom Park Ojota. Aremu also stated that the groups would ensure that the police officers that carried out the ar-

ing that the command had intensified patrol in both the metropolis and suburbs. He said: “The FCT Police Command has beefed up security in the federal capital territory. All entry and exit points into the territory have been fortified while more police personnel have been deployed to patrol and protect life and property on the highways, major roads, streets and strategic locations throughout the FCT.

rest were brought to book. It would be recalled that Dr. Dipo Fashina, JAF chairperson; Mrs Ganiat Fawehnmi, Muhammed Fawehinmi, Tunde Agunbiade, Ayodele Akele, Popoola Ajayi, Sola Olatunde, a journalst with City FM, Iyatse Joshua were among thoseap-

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FG Seeks Social Security In Schools By Chika Otuchikere, Abuja

The Federal Government yesterday called on the African Sub-Region to establish and run courses on social security in tertiary institutions. Minister of Labour and Productivity, Emeka Wogu, made this known while addressing the ministerial meeting of the 38th session of African Regional Labour Administration Centre in Victoria Falls, Harare, Zimbabwe.

prehended by the police at a rally to honour those who died during the protest rally over the removal of fuel subsidy. But, JAF urged religious groups and leaders to offer special prayer session for Nigeria, the injured and the “martyrs” of the protests.

Hell, What Is SNC? Continued from back page

of Nigeria’s unity and indivisibility is settled; so that is not his problem. A few days ago, he said so but added that, because we have all decided to live together, we must settle the terms of that living together. For many others, the SNC is an opportunity to break up Nigeria into pieces. They have not thought of how that can be achieved or whether it is possible at all, but, as far as they are concerned, the SNC would help them to divide the country. Many of them just think in terms of north and south. Some others think in terms of north, north-west, southeast and south-south. Yet others think in terms of the six geopolitical zones as if there is any logic therein. I met one of such dumb-headed exponents recently and I asked him how the knife would be applied to slice the country. He couldn’t give any intelligent or even intelligible answer. Let’s start from the Niger Delta, for example. If separation is on the table, there are many Niger Delta ethnic groups which would rather not share the same country with their neighbours in the same Niger Delta. Niger Delta alone has more than 50 ethnic and sub-ethnic groups, each claiming to be different from the other. Depending on who is

speaking, there are people who would say that President Jonathan, strictly speaking, is not an Ijaw because he is not of the Izon extraction. He is Ogbia from Otueke. I have an Itsekiri friend from Delta State who has said that whenever we are ready to divide Nigeria, the south-south would produce at least 10 countries as he, for instance, would not share a country with a particular ethnic group which I refuse to name. He went on to say that even though the Niger Delta is in power now, his own ethnic group has been completely shut out of the “sharing” game in Abuja. Anyway, only an unhinged head would think that it is still possible to break this country. And those who do so have not even gone through the intellectual rigour of thinking it out. People who say there are about 250 tribes in the whole of Nigeria surely do not know what they are talking about. The north-east alone probably has more than 250 ethnic entities. And between Adamawa and Taraba states alone, there are more than 100 tribes. That is why it has been said that those who sit in Lagos and insolently order that we convoke a sovereign national conference of ethnic nationalities do not know what they are saying. Such a meeting would be pure chaos and, as many of the attendees would

be so brainwashed and obtuse to know what is at stake, things could easily get out of hand and nobody would be able to control the process. And, as we know, the process can easily also be hijacked by foreigners who envy our size and reach to vigorously push their own agenda of breaking up Nigeria for their own self-enlightened interests. When Muammar Ghaddafi was alive, he was one of such proponents – and he had the resources to achieve it sitting on his throne in faraway Libya if we had had the SNC in his lifetime. And breakup has never been a solution to a people’s problem. Southern Sudan should be a test case. After the breakup from Sudan, they are now killing themselves. The Soviet Union ceased to be a superpower after its breakup, and Pakistan is now almost a failed state after exiting India. So, agreed, the nation needs restructuring for efficiency and prosperity. But this can be achieved in ways other than an unpredictable SNC. And restructuring does not mean breaking up, as far as my knowledge of the English language and organised statecraft can carry me. We can achieve this ideal structure through the elected representatives of the people – the more reason why we must make sure that our votes always count. Of course, there are many other

propositions of the proponents which must not be allowed to see the light of day. The establishment of state police is one of them, and not just because of the hackneyed reasoning that state governors would turn them into their official thugs, but rogue governors and even amateur secessionists could arm their police and equip them into full fight forces designed to challenge the central government whenever that need arose. Only two days ago, at Ojukwu’s funeral, the Niger State governor said that if he were Ojukwu, he would have also taken up arms against the Nigerian state in the circumstance Ojukwu found himself. We may innocently start with state police but would surely end up with several state armies. No, we must perish the idea. But, most importantly, what Nigeria needs is good leadership that is effective, competent, just and fair to all. A leadership that would see corruption as a national security threat and act accordingly. A government that cannot guarantee public order and security and generate jobs to gainfully engage the people cannot claim to be a good government. It is where there is bad leadership that agitations such as the type we are witnessing today abound.

Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012



Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership


U.J. Esuene Stadium


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

business NCC officials enforcing the seal-off order of Cobranet offices and equipment at the premises of the company in Lekki, Lagos, last year. It also shut down Kenxinda Technologies and G-Tide Mobile last Friday. PHOTO BY TECHNOLOGY TIMES

NCC Shuts T Down 2 Unregistered Telephone Companies

By Chima Akwaja


he Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has shut down two unregistered telephone companies located inside Ikeja Computer Village for sale and distribution of mobile brands without NCC Type Approval. The first company Kenxinda Technologies Limited located at 26 Obafemi Awolowo Way Ikeja owned by some Chinese is involved in the importation and sale of 17 different models of Ken Xin Da Mobile phones and devices while the second one is G-Tide Mobile Limited. Mr. Reuben Mouka, Spokesman of NCC, said the companies whose premises were sealed by the Nigerian telecoms

regulator were written letters in September 2011 to come forward and regularise their operations with NCC Type Approval Licence Certificate which empowers them to deploy their phones on the Nigerian telecoms network. The companies amongst five other which will be raided in due course were as well warned through public notice advertisement placed by NCC in November 2011, yet they refused to comply with the NCC regulatory guidelines for sale and deployment of mobile phones on the network. The NCC team led by Mr. Efosa Idehen, Chief Enforcement Officer of the NCC included a team of police and staff of the enforcement department of the Commission with Warrants of Search and Arrest form a court of law for their operation. According to Mouka “We have shut

these companies until they show proof why they should continue to sell mobile phones that are not type approved. You could see a number of phone models that they are using. Just like others they were invited to the Commission to show course as a sign of courtesy yet they refused and continued to sale their phones.” Mr. Idehen said NCC wrote to all the companies in September when they saw their adverts in the newspapers. “We checked our database, their phones were not there. We gave them the opportunity to come forward and Type Approve their phones. We’ve called for meetings they didn’t show up and we served a notice in the newspapers warning them of the consequences of what they are doing. Today we are carrying out enforcement and we have a list of several of them.”

We checked our database, their phones were not there. We gave them the opportunity to come forward and Type Approve their phones

We Have Not Stopped Processing Subsidy Payments – PPPRA By Juliet Alohan,


The Petroleum Products Pricing Regulatory Agency (PPPRA) has said that it has not stopped processing subsidy claims from genuine importers of products, contrary to some media reports. Giving a breakdown of midquarter performance of PMS im-

ports for the fourth quarter of 2011, Executive Secretary of PPPRA, Reginald Stanley, noted that the agency has completed processing of all claims for marketers for 2011. “The PPPRA as the agency charged with the processing of subsidy claims wishes to assure all marketers that all genuine deliveries will be processed for payment

after due verification by the Agency,” Stanley informed. According to him, “While marketers have been holding back to imports due to the unavailability of credit lines by banks, the recent pronouncement of proposed N888billion for subsidy provided in the 2012 budget should give enough comfort, both to the marketers and banks to resume imports

very aggressively.’’ He said the mid-quarter performance review of PMS showed 27 per cent achievement by marketers. He added that there would be a final appraisal of the Q4 performance on March 31, 2012, warning that companies that did not perform up to expectation will not only be sanctioned, but would be dropped in subsequent quarters.




Orient Refinery To Begin Operation In Anambra


All is ready for Anambra State to join the league of oil producing States in Nigeria as Orient Petroleum Resources Plc is to commence the production of petroleum products any moment from now. The Chairman, Board of Directors and former Secretary General of the Commonwealth, Chief Emeka Anyaoku, announced this while inspecting the company’s facilities at Aguleri Otu with Governor Peter Obi, Dr Alex Ekwueme, Managing Director of Orient Petroleum Mr. Emeka Nwoawka, Igwe Peter Anukwu of Mbaukwu and other stakeholders.

-David-Chyddy Eleke, Awka

Access Bank Partners CWC Group On Energy Sector Devt Access Bank Plc, a leading African financial services group with commitment to the socio-economic development of the African continent, has partnered the CWC Group, an international non-governmental organisation renowned for expertise in oil, gas, power and investment, in hosting this year’s edition of the Nigeria Oil and Gas conference (NOG) 2012, holding at the International Conference Centre, Abuja, from February 20 – 23, 2012. In its 12th year, the annual conference is a platform for strategic interaction between government and stakeholders in the Oil and Gas sector of the nation’s economy.

'N1trn Target For Insurance Industry Achievable' BY NAN

The one-trillion naira income target for the Nigeria insurance industry by July 2012 can be achieved and even surpassed, Mr Fola Daniel, the Commisioner for National Insurance Commission (NAICOM), said yesterday in Abuja. Daniel told a forum of the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) that with the right amount of will and effort in the sector, the target set by his agency could be realised. The head of NAICOM said proceeds from Third Party Motor Insurance alone could net the N1 trillion premium target. He said, "The Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) Director-General was at the National Assembly two weeks ago and he was asked pointedly, 'How many vehicles do we have on Nigerian roads?' And he said, 'About 10 million vehicles.' "So if we have 10 million vehicles and we assume that all of them will just take the Third Party Daniel Motor Insurance, if you multiply N5,000 by 10 million, that is a huge figure from motor vehicle alone.’’ The head of the regulatory agency acknowledged that the huge income from life and building insurances had remained largely untapped in Nigeria and urged insurance companies to wake up to reality.

FG Targets 2 Million MT Of Rice Annually The federal government has said that with additional 100 large scale rice mills, Nigeria could produce 2.1 million metric tonnes of rice annually. At the signing of a Tripartite Implementation Agreement between the Ministry of Agriculture, Taraba State Government, and Dominion Rice Integrated Farms Ltd, on the establishment of an integrated rice farm in Taraba State at the weekend, the Minister of Agriculture, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina, disclosed that within six (6) months, three rice mills with the capacity to produce 90,000 metric tonnes of rice have been completed. He said, "We have set for ourselves the goal of being one of the top 20 countries in

our vision 20:20:20. Despite our recent challenges with insecurity in some parts of our nation, Nigeria is rising. But even as we do, we must recognise that easy access to food is the best way of securing a nation, for a hungry man is an angry man. National security must start with food security, for peace and democracy cannot be built on empty stomachs.” Speaking on the project covering 30,000 hectares, Adesina said that it was expected to produce 2.4 crop cycles per year when fully operational and would rank among the largest in Africa requiring up to 15,000 trained men and women. - By Grace Azubuike, Abuja

Monday February 20, 2012 leadership

Cement investment: 10 Govs Woo Dangote

Flight Schedule Air Nigeria Los-Abuja

Following the successful commissioning of the Dangote Cement six million tons per annum capacity Ibese Cement plant, no fewer than 10 State governors have expressed their desire to lure the President of Dangote Group, Alhaji Alijko Dangote to invest in their respective state. Speaking with newsmen at the weekend, the governors who were among the dignitaries at the opening ceremony commended the business ingenuity of Alhaji Dangote and said they would do all within their power to prevail on the business mogul to consider investments in their States, saying that would be the only way to grow the economy of their people. Some of the governors who claimed to have opened discussions with Alhaji Dangote said lack of gainful employment among the people was a major challenge being confronted by them in the task of providing good governance to their people and explained that Alhaji Dangote has proved more than able to help in this regard to achieve their economic agenda. Governors who expressed the desire to drag Alhaji Dangote to their States include, Mr Peter Obi, Anambra State, Isa Yuguda, Bauchi State, Adams Oshiomhole, Edo state, Kayode Fayemi, Ekiti State, and Alhaji Rabiu Kwankwaso of Kano State among others.

Group Tackles Problems In $1bn Enterprise Market Africa4IT, a non-governmental organisation is set to address Nigeria’s $1 billion enterprise software market by proffering measures that would reduce challenges encountered by enterprise solution providers and application developers in Nigeria. The group, organisers of a two-day Africa4IT conference, scheduled to hold in March, stressed that the conference would offer a unique insight on how to deliver enterprise-scale systems through commercially viable Enterprise Applications or via the application development route, adding that Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) were also targeted because of their importance in the economy. -Chima Akwaja, Lagos

06:05 (Mon – Tue – Wed – Thu – Fri – Sat) 07:00 (Wed – Thu – Fri – Sat - Sun) 08:15 (Mon – Tue – Wed – Thu - Fri and Sunday) 11:05 (Sun); 13:30 (Sat) 14:00 (Mon – Tue – Thu) 14:35 (Mon – Tue – Wed –Thu – Fri – Sat) 15:45 (Mon – Tue – Wed – Thu – Fri) 16:30 (Wed – Fri – Sun – Sun) 1730 (Wed)


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07:05 (Mon – Tue – Wed – Thu – Fri) 08:05 (Sat) 16:30 (Mon – Tue – Wed – Thu – Fri – Sat) Arik Air LOS-abj

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Power: Kiri Dam To Generate 20MW Minister of Water Resources, Mrs. Sarah Reng Ochekpe, has applauded the Adamawa State Government for its plan to utilise the potentials of Kiri Dam to generate 20mw of electricity to communities around the dam. She gave this commendation at the weekend when she inspected the Kiri Dam in Adamawa State. The inspection which is in line

with the directive from the National Economic Council (NEC). The minister who implored other state governments to take a cue from Adamawa and make maximum use of resources in their States, also expressed happiness over the partnership between the federal government and Savannah Sugar Company. -By Grace Azubuike, Abuja

L-R: The Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Airtel Nigeria, Rajan Swaroop, and the Group Managing Director, First Bank Nigeria Plc, Bisi Onasanya, during the signing of the Memorandum of Undertanding (MoU) on mobile money service, held in Lagos, recently. PHOTO BY BENEDICT UWALAKA

Leadership Monday, February 20



Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Energy Commission Partners Cometrobby Investment On Energy Efficiency Project By Isaiah Benjamin, Kaduna

L-R: Minister of Petroleum Resources, Mrs. Diezani Alison-Madueke; Group Executive Director, Exploration and Production, NNPC, Mr. Andy Yakubu; and Production Manager, Warri Refinery, Mr. Adolph Ezeribe, during the visit of the Minister to the Warri refinery. PHOTO BY NAN

Doing Business: Nigeria Moves To Improve Ranking By Kingsley Alu, Abuja

Nigeria has an ambitious plan to improve her ranking from the 144th to the 50th in Doing Business Indicators, and by 2018, to the 20th, as part of achieving the country’s Vision 20:20:20 quest, a task force on Trade Facilitation Work Plan of the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment said weekend. The plan would also seek to ensure that the number of documents for export be reduced from 10 to 4; time for export reduced from 25 days to 5 days; cost to export reduced from $1,179 to $1,000 per container;documents for import reduced from 9 to 4; total time for import reduced to between 48 hours to 5 days ,

and cost to import reduced from $1,306 to $1,000. Addressing a Strategic Stakeholders' Consultative Forum on Trade Facilitation in Lagos, the Director, of Trade and Investment at the Ministry, David Adejuwon, however said that the target would provide a basis for monitoring and evaluation. Explaining further, Adejuwon said that the short term plan for the trade and facilitation work plan which would consist of sensitisation and awareness raising, e-trade portal, validation of customs CEMA Act, was expected to be delivered in six months starting with a pilot in Lagos sea ports, airport and Seme border with the Republic of Benin and the Lagos-Abidjan transit corridor.

The medium-to-longer term plan he said, has a large portfolio of projects that were properly sequenced to avoid unnecessary duplication. Specific objectives of the plan include increasing the visibility of trade facilitation measures and sensitising stakeholders and the general public, consolidating and publicising existing work on the identification and prioritisation of trade bottlenecks in Nigeria, including Trade Facilitation Needs Assessments, but Adejuwon said the task force would proactively direct and link wider development partners programme of support to short, medium and longer term national action plan in accordance with the Paris Declaration and Accra Accord on Aid Effectiveness.

The Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN) in collaboration with Cometrobby Investment Limited, has commenced a nation wide sensitisation project on energy efficiency through the use of energy efficiency bulbs. Flagging off the North-West zone of the project in Kaduna, the Director General and Special Adviser on Energy to the President, Professor Abubakar Sani Sambo, disclosed that the energy bulbs, aside their efficiency, also save money and conserve energy. Professor Sambo, represented by the scientific officer in the commission, Mr Joshua Yari Garba, also stated that the ECN in collaboration, with CUBA and ECOWAS, had a project in 2008 and 2010 during which about one million compact florescent lamps were used to replace the incandescent bulbs in some selected schools and estates in Abuja, adding that after the replacements, the analysis showed that the country has saved about 45 mega watts of energy. According to him, “With 60 watts of 10 ordinary bulbs, it would amount to 600 watts, but when you use compact florescent lamps which is 8 watts, 10 of it would amount to 80 watts thereby saving about 520 watts which can

be channelled to another house or another use.” “I will like to call on people to always check out for the power rating to authenticate its efficiency both for domestic and industrial use while purchasing or sourcing any energy. "We have tried it and it worked," he added, disclosing that the UNDP had brought in a project of energy efficiency which was presently domiciled at the commission and that more projects on sensitising the public was on the pipeline. He said the commission would not relent in its efforts in the area of strategic planning and policy making in the field of energy, both in terms of electricity, oil and gas and renewable energy. Earlier in his address, the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Comettrobby Investment Limited, Mr Robinson Anunobi, also disclosed that only 5 per cent of the incandescent bulbs produce light while the rest 95 per cent produces heat and consumes energy. He reiterated that as a stakeholder in the energy business, they have discovered the efficiency of the energy bulbs and have decided in collaboration with the ECN to join forces together to pass the message across to the general public and discourage the use of the incandescent bulbs which he said was gradually going into extinction.

Financial Market In Brief As At 16/02/2012

NAICOM Reads Riot Act To Insurance Companies By NAN

Any insurance company that refuses to pay legitimate claims to policy holders will face the wrath of the National Insurance Commission, Commissioner for Insurance, Mr Fola Daniel, warned in Abuja on Sunday. Daniel, who featured in an

interview session of the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN), also advised Nigerians to report any mischievous insurance company that reneges on genuine claims payment to the commission. He said serious steps were being taken to reposition the insurance industry and to ensure that policy holders were

not exploited by insurance companies. He said``I want to appeal to Nigerians to see insurance companies as partners in progress, to see insurance as environmental friendly." ``Insurance as a means of transferring risk is the cheapest and is the oldest.

Source: FMDA


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012


ow was business in year 2011 and may we know what vision your company has for year 2012 sir? Businesswasgoodinthe year 2011. We ended the yearonaprofitablenotedespitenotachieving100per cent of the set target. We achievedover90percent oftargetthankstoourdedicatedstaffandouresteemed guestsandcustomers.Inthe year2012,ourvisionistoremainthenumberonechoice hotel,providingworldclass servicestoourguestsand customers and also to remainthebestHiltonHotel in Middle East and Africa. Could you explain challenges that are peculiar to the Abuja environment? Therearenospecificchallenges as long as Abuja is concerned.AbujaistheFCT, theseatofpowerandratherthanchallenges,weactuallyseemorebusinessandexpansion opportunities.

The hotel market in Abuja cannot be said to be under served. Rather, there are Peak and Off-Peak periods. At Peak periods, especially when there are events in the FCT

What unique products are you offering your customers this year? We are introducing new menuwithalotofmouthwateringvarieties.Weare alsoofferingbetterandhigherpersonalisedqualitycustomerandroomservicesto all our guests. Weassureourgueststhey willexperiencethebestof services at Transcorp Hilton this year.

executive platform

At Abuja Hilton Hotel, We See Expansion Opportunities Valentine Ozigbo, is the Managing Director /Chief Executive Officer of Transnational Hotels & Tourism Services Ltd. (Owners of Transcorp Hilton Hotel Abuja). In this Interview with Isaac Aimurie, he shares his experiences in adapting offerings of his hotel to the needs of Abuja residents and visitors. Excerpts;

Any issues with regulations? Wehaven’thadanyissues withregulations.Wealways abidebygoverningpolicies and regulations. Is the Abuja/Nigerian hotel market under served? ThehotelmarketinAbuja cannotbesaidtobeunder served.Rather,therearePeak and Off-Peak periods. AtPeakperiods,especially whenthereareeventsinthe FCT,hotelsareusuallysaturatedandmostlynotenough toaccommodateguests. AtOff-Peakperiodsonthe otherhand,theturnoutof guestsislowandbusiness looks really dull and slow. Have you had to adapt some of your products to meet the peculiar needs of the Nigerian market? AttheTranscorpHiltonHotel,weareverydynamicand innovativeandassuch,we

arealwaysonourmarksto meetthepeculiarneedsof ourguestsandtheNigerian market. AttheZumaGrill,wehave Nigeriandishesservedin thecontinentalwaytothe delightoftheNigerianand theinternationalmarkets. What will you say is the unique strength of Hilton? The Hilton brand is the strengthoftheTranscorp HiltonHotel.ThehotelisoperatedbyHiltonWorldwide andthathashelpedinkeeping the standard as world classandthebrandasthe people’snumberonechoice.

Has security issues in Abuja affected your overall cost of doing business? Thesecurityissuesarenot peculiartoAbujaalone,they are national issues. Theyhavenotaffectedthe overallcostofdoingbusiness;rathertheyhavewoken usuptorealizingtheessence andimportanceofsecurity andtheneedtoconstantly workwiththeauthoritiesto safeguardlivesandproperty in the hotel. Getting world class staff has been a challenge to many players in this industry, how have you been

coping? Hilton is an international brandofworldclassstandardwithpresenceallover the world and so getting world class staff has neverbeenanissueforus.We simplyleverageontheHilton network. On corporate social responsibility, do you have some programmes for your host community? TranscorpHiltonisinvolved inquiteanumberofcommunityprojectsandservicesaspartofourcorporate social responsibility. Some of the projects and programmesweareinvolved

in are as follows: • TheHopeCenter is a Day Care Centre for disabledchildren,manyof whomsufferfromcerebral palsy and autism; • Donation of linens, clothing and food itemstoorphanages.Some oftheorphanagesare:The QSCFOrphanageinKubwa , City of Refuge OrphanageandKaruOrphanage; • The Daughters of Charity Hospital. Our supportforthehospitalis predicatedontheneedto takethehotel’sHIV-AIDS interventionprogramto thecommunitieswhere ourteammembersreside with their families; • Sponsorship of NigerianCreativeArts.We actively support talented Nigerian artists who needacredibleplatformto showcasetheirworks.This wedobyprovidingprime exhibitionspaceinthehotel(gratis)forthecreative artscommunitytoappreciateandpatronisetheworks of the artists; • Collaboration withAfricanandEuropeanEmbassiesforpromotion of Nigerian and Pan African Arts; • Partnershipwith theIsraeliEmbassyinNigeriatoprovidetreatment andcarefortheindigent whocannotaffordthecost oftreatmentofcongenitalheartdefects.Theprojectisnamed‘SaveaChild’s Heart’Thesecondproject named ‘Israeli Opening Eyes’isdedicatedtoprovidinghigh-leveleyetreatmentsandsurgeriestoNigerianslivinginAbujaand environs. •Provisionoffreespace toUNICEFforaperiodof2 monthseveryyear,forsale andmerchandiseofvariousitems.Theproceeds fromthesaleoftheitems isusedbyUNICEFtofund thevariouschildrenintervention projects With your growing clientele base, it seems you will have need to expand your car park in the near future, any plans to float another branch in Abuja? Yes, our clientele base isgrowingonadailybasis andindeedweareworking onexpandingourcarpark toaccommodatemorevehiclesthanitcanatpresent. Wearealsoworkingonotherextensionplansasagreed withthegovernmentatthe timethesaleofthehotelwas made to us.

Hilton is an international brand of world class standard with presence all over the world and so getting world class staff has never been an issue for us. We simply leverage on the Hilton network


Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

As Banks Move To Adopt Common Framework For IFRS Reporting

Nigerian companies are expected to fully comply with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) which will guarantee more transparency in financial reporting in line with global best practice. In this report, Stanley Oronsaye x-rays some issues of concern to the financial sector operators. balance sheet and profit and loss accounts of banks.”

Beyond the tax implication of IFRS with regards to general provisions for bad and doubtful debts, depreciation, provision for gratuity, there are other considerations by financial market operators


igeria is migrating to the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) this year, such that companies are expected to adopt the new reporting standard as it relates to each sector. Indeed, IFRS reporting standard is expected to usher in a new regime that would engender transparency and consistency in financial reporting, in line with international best practice. The aim of IFRS, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), is to provide a single set of high quality, global accounting standards that require transparent and comparable information in general purpose financial statements so as to give a true and fair view of the financial health of companies. The value proposition of its adoption include the expectation of lower cost of information processing and auditing to capital market participants as well as the relative quality of local accounting standards which will in turn form part of a complex system of governance institutions that include auditor training, auditing standards, enforcement, among others. Thus, preparers of financial statements, users, and auditors of financial reports can be expected to become familiar with one common set of international accounting. Beyond tax implication Beyond the tax implication of IFRS with regards to general provisions for bad and doubtful debts, depreciation, provision for gratuity, there are other considerations by financial market operators.

According to Mrs. Titilayo Fowokan, Tax Manager, Oando Plc, the adoption of IFRS will have tax implications for organisations, particularly in light of the greater emphasis that IFRS place on fair-value accounting. “The immediate tax implication is that some items that ordinarily would have been treated as off balance sheet would now be reflected on the balance sheet,” she stated in her presentation to the Chartered Institute of Taxation of Nigeria (CITN) seminar on the subject. While firms grapple with the tax inference, financial services operators are uneasy about how fixed assets will be reported on the balance sheet. Unlike the Generally Accepted Accounting Policies (GAAP) previously operational in Nigeria, the IFRS is more discretionary, allowing firms more flexibility on how to treat some items on the balance sheet. More room for manoeuvre According to Mrs. Hamda Ambah, Managing Director and Chief Executive, First Securities Discount House (FSDH), banks and other financial sector operators are concerned as to how to treat some asset classes on their balance sheet. “Under the GAAP, it is very prescriptive and gives little room for manoeuvre so there was consistency on how to treat every item on the balance sheet. Under the IFRS, there is a lot more judgement involved. The main concern is one of consistency.” She said banks would need to come together to adopt a common framework on how to migrate to the new regime. “Federal government bonds are new introductions that now form a significant portion of balance sheet of most banks and

our concern is the effect that IFRS reporting will have on those bonds and how it is reported in the balance sheet, the effect on

Past transactions Under IFRS reporting, bonds are valued on a mark-to-market basis, which means that the worth of the asset is determined by the prevailing market price, notwithstanding the price at the time it was acquired. “Introduction of IFRS will have serious implication which means that transactions done in the past will have serious implication for current balance sheet and financial report,” Mrs. Ambah said. She explained that the major concern about the IFRS is the matter of consistency as certain portions can be interpreted differently. “We want to be sure that what we are doing in our institution is the same as what others are doing. There is need to come together with a common interpretation so that financial reports of financial institutions can be comparable. We need to be sure that there is consistency across the board so that anywhere that is subject to interpretation, will agree on one interpretation.” Already, there are moves by banks under the aegis of the Bankers’ Committee to adopt a common framework for reporting bonds on the balance sheet for the purpose of comparison. As noted by Mrs. Ambah, “there is need to come together with a common interpretation so that financial reports of financial institutions can be comparable.”

FIRSTBANK BAGS THREE CERTIFICATIONS Less than two years after it made history in corporate Nigeria as the first Nigerian company to be conferred with the prestigious ISO/IEC 27001:2005 Information Security Management Systems certification (ISMS) by the British Standards Institution (BSI), a leading organization in the field of auditing management systems and processes, Nigeria’s foremost financial services institution, First Bank of Nigeria Plc (FirstBank) has again blazed the trail as it becomes the first Nigerian company to be awarded the BS25999 Business Continuity Management System Certification; the enhanced certification for the ISO27001; and the ISO38500 IT Governance Certification. While the BS25999 Business Continuity Management certification is a clear demonstration of the highest level of evidence that its activities and services will not be disrupted or impaired as a result of man-made or natural disasters, the certification for ISO27001 is an enhanced version of the one conferred in September 2010. Apart from

the head office, the certification now covers the Document Management Centre, the Centralized Processing Centre and the Disaster Recovery Centre of the Bank, in compliance with the statement of applicability. The third certification, ISO38500 IT Governance Certification provides guiding principles for the Bank on the effective, efficient and acceptable use of Information Technology within the Bank. The three certifications were anchored by Global InfoSwift, a leading Nigerian IT service provider with a robust track record. Bisi Onasanya, FirstBank’s Group Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer said the certification signposts the Bank’s leadership position in the industry by being the first Nigerian company to receive all three certifications. “These Certifications are affirmations that our Bank has adopted and complied with the highest known management standards in information security, IT governance and business continuity in the world, audited by the British Standards Institution (BSI), a leading organization in

the field of auditing management systems and processes and certified by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). I am happy to inform you that we share this place of pride with institutions like the IMF and World Bank which are among other financial Institutions that have such certifications by the ISO. “Given the ever changing environment, organizations are faced with risk on a daily basis in form of business disruptions inclusive of man-made and natural disasters. It is this background of threats to business continuity across the globe that informed FirstBank’s decision on BCM implementation and BS25999 certification. This will engender confidence from customers and stakeholders that FirstBank is committed to continuity of service delivery, safety and protection of their assets all the time. It is therefore a statement of fact that FirstBank is the only Nigerian company that is ISO-Certified, IT Governancecertified, and BCM-certified”, Onasanya said.


LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012

Dollar Supply Improves Naira Value

ECOWAS To Introduce Single Currency In 2020 BY NNAMDI MBAWIKE,

Foreign exchange sale by oil companies has improved supply in the foreign exchange market. STANLEY ORONSAYE looks at the trend as an indication of improvement in Nigeria’s import discrepancies and balance of payment.

Dollar notes


he Central Bank of Ni- cause of the level of dollar liquidity geria (CBN) offered a to- in the market. Most banks are not tal of $600 million at the willing to take long positions on dolbi-weekly Dutch auc- lar," one dealer told Reuters. tion last week. This is compared to $450 million supplied Oil firms’ supply in a single transaction the previous This stand has been bolstered by the week. While the regulator contin- support of the oil companies that ues with its strategy of not disclos- have flooded the market with doling the amount demanded at the of- lar supplies. ficial window, the movement of the The Nigeria National Petroleum naira at the interbank market is an Corporation (NNPC) alone has sold indication of better coormore than $700 million dination in the manageto some banks in the last ment of Nigeria’s foreign few weeks, as it sells regexchange. ularly to some lenders so The naira appreciatas to transfer a portion ed by 30 kobo or nearly of the naira proceeds 0.2 per cent from N156.7 to its account with the at which it opened at the central bank, while the beginning of February to multinational oil firms N156.4 which it closed sell dollars to banks evlast week. At the inter- CBN Governor, Sanusi ery month to obtain naibank, the naira closed at Lamido Sanusi ra for their local obligaN158.35 to the dollar on tions. These sales are the Thursday, from N158.40 the previous main source of interbank foreign exday. The naira opened at N161.17 at change liquidity. the beginning of February at the inThis trend has seen a rise in terbank, a rise of 1.75 per cent. The the foreign reserves, which rose appreciation of the naira in the last to $35.035 billion last Monday, its few weeks may not be unconnect- highest level in several months, beed to the relative decline in the level fore declining to $34.93 billion by of currency speculation, as the CBN the end of the week. Dollar supply grapples to meet demand. is expected to improve in the weeks "Trading has been sideways be- ahead which will augur well for the

The key challenge on the balance of payment side will be to rebuild foreign reserves and fiscal savings,” the firm stated in its 2012 outlook

naira. Analysts outlook indicate that the foreign exchange market would be tight this year with frequent sale at the interbank market in order to limit spreads between market determined foreign exchange rates and the official Wholesale Dutch Auction System (‘WDAS). Improved balance of payment The reduction in subsidy payment has no doubt reduced pressure on the naira while improvement in balance of payment will also improve the naira. According to analysts at South Africa-based Standard Bank, addressing Nigeria’s import discrepancy will lead to a current account surplus of 11.2 per cent of GDP (gross domestic product) in 2012. “The key challenge on the balance of payment side will be to rebuild foreign reserves and fiscal savings,” the firm stated in its 2012 outlook. With the 12 per cent drop in dollar demand for fuel imports due to partial scrapping of fuel subsidy, Nigeria’s foreign exchange management will improve further if other loopholes in the import payment structure are eventually eliminated. In addition, the Central Bank must keep its watch on incidence of currency speculation.


The Speaker of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Parliament, Chief Ike Ekweremadu, weekend disclosed that the organisation would introduce a single currency in the sub-region by 2020. Ekweremadu, who is also the Deputy President of the Nigerian Senate, made this known in his home State, Enugu, during a dinner party organised by him in his house for members of the Administration, Finance and Budget Committee after their one week meeting/workshop. He, however, stated that the single currency would become effective in English speaking countries in 2015. The lawmaker assured people of the sub region that the parliament would perform all her legislative functions to the fullest through out his tenure as the Speaker, adding that the parliament would also take the sub- region to the next level. His words: “Our Parliament will henceforth screen the list of Commissioners for the Commissions, scrutinise and pass budgets and pass laws that will transform the sub-region”. The Speaker also disclosed that ECOWAS had transformed from being a comity of States to becoming a comity of the people. Earlier in his speech at the occasion, the Chairman of the Committee on Administration,Finance and Budget of the Parliament, Alhaji Farouk Lawan,paid glowing tributes to the Speaker of the Parliament and appealed to members to support him to achieve all the laudable dreams he has for the EOWAS Sub-region. Lawan, who is also the Chairman of the Subsidy Probe Panel, used the occasion to assure Nigerians that the panel would do everything possible to bring to book all those who have questions to answer, adding that the panel would not be a toothless bulldog. In his vote of thanks, the fourth Deputy Speaker of the Parliament, Hon. Micheal Nyaunu thanked the Speaker, the Government and people of Enugu State for the hospitality extended to them during their one week stay in the State and described the people as peaceful and friendly.

MasterCard Hosts Workshop On Cashless Payments For Financial Institutions BY STANLEY ORONSOYE,


As part of the preparations for the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Cashless Lagos project, MasterCard Worldwide recently hosted several leading Nigerian banks at a training workshop that shared insights on global best practice in the electronic payments industry. The training was held in the city of Lagos which is involved in the first rollout of the cashless economy policy with the Cashless Lagos project. The training focused on how financial institutions can build effective business relationships with retailers, the vast majority of whom have operated on a purely cash basis historically. The workshop was attended by representatives of, GTBank, United Bank for Africa, Ecobank, Zenith Bank, First Bank,Keystone Bank,Skye Bank,Intercontinental Bank, Stanbic, Enterprise Bank, Union Bank, Unity Bank,Wema Bank, Citibank and Interswitch.


Monday, February 20, 2012 LEADERSHIP

Investors Stake N10bn In 2bn Shares STORIES BY CHRIS UGWU


Investors in the Nigerian Stock Exchange at the close of trading last week staked a turnover of 2.45 billion shares worth N10.003 billion in 16,760 deals, in contrast with a total of 1.342 billion shares valued at N7.01 billion exchanged the preceding week in 15,166 deals. The Financial Services sector accounted for 2.2 billion shares valued at N6.971 billion traded in 9,860 deals. The ICT sector followed with 89.8 million shares valued at N46.724 million traded in 32 deals. The Banking subsector of the Financial Services sector was the most active during the week (measured by turnover volume); with 2.1 billion shares worth N6.9 billion exchanged by investors in 9,421 deals. As in the preceding week, volume in the Banking subsector was largely driven by activity in the shares of UBA Plc. Trading in the shares of the bank accounted for 1.355 billion shares, representing 65.6 per cent, 62.5 pre cent and 55.4 per cent of the turnover recorded by the subsector, sector and total turnover for the week, respectively. The Insurance subsector of the

Financial Services sector, boosted by activity in the shares of Custodian and Allied Insurance Plc and Equity Assurance Plc, followed in the week’s activity chart with a subsector turnover of 90.8 million shares valued at N74.3 million traded in 417 deals. In the preceding week, the Banking subsector led the activity chart and was followed by the Insurance subsector, both from the Financial Services sector. Also included in the transactions for the week were 4,483 units of NewGold Exchange Traded Fund valued at N12.1 million traded in 19 deals. There were no transactions executed through the stock market in the Federal Government Development Stocks, State Government Bonds and Industrial Loans/Preference Stocks sectors. Consequently, the NSE All-Share Index depreciated by 221.46 points or 1.0 per cent to close on Friday at 20,411.17 while the Market Capitalisation of the 186 First -Tier equities dropped to N6.433 trillion. Also, the NSE-30 Index depreciated by 5.07 points or 0.5 per cent to close at 925.91. In the preceding week, the NSE-ASI and NSE-30 Index depreciated by 1.2 per cent. Two of the four sectorial indices

Security Challenges Weaken Stock Market

appreciated during the week, same as during the preceding week. The NSE Banking Index appreciated by 10.41 points or 3.8 per cent to close at 283.33 and the NSE Insurance Index appreciated by 0.46 points or 0.4 per cent to close at 114.74. However, the NSE Consumer Goods Index depreciated by 18.48 points or 1.1 per cent to close at 1,666.30 and the NSE Oil/Gas Index depreciated by 5.05 points or 2.4 per cent to close at 208.73. Further analysis showed that 27 equities appreciated in price during the week, higher than the 19 of the preceding week. Nigerian Breweries Plc led on the gainers’ table with a gain of N2.30 or 2.4 per cent to close at N97.70 per share while Access Bank Plc followed with a gain of N0.89 or 15.2 per cent to close at N6.75 per share, among other price gainers. On the other hand, 35 stocks depreciated in price, lower than the 42 of the preceding week. Total Nigeria Plc led on the price losers’ table, dropping by N18.52 or (9.7 per cent) to close at N171.48 per share while Dangote Cement Plc followed with a loss of N5.80 or (5.0 per cent) to close at N110.20 per share among other price losers.

Globally, investors are faced with the task of taking investments decisions that would not only bring about business growth and development, but also contribute toward the economy of any nation where they have investment holdings. However, security is a key risk factor which raises concern of both local and foreign investors , as security uncertainty is not only considered an impediments for business, it sends warning signals to investors to take their investible fund to another country where there is safety of lives and property. The impact of the sectarian violence in some parts of the country and the ripple effects of the economic crises in Europe have helped to sustain the depression in the Nigerian Capital Market. These events are ca-

pable of reversing the gains the economy at large has recorded, including current growth rate of 7.4 per cent and operators are apprehensive that if the spate of violence is not tackled frontally, the projection of the Nigerian Stock Exchange to grow market capitalisation in 2016 to $1trillion (N150 trillion) might be a mirage. This is because when people feel insecure, their appetite to invest, to buy or rent reduces and that is why all over the world, any country that radiates an environment of insecurity naturally repels investment initiatives from the international community as well as from their own local investors. Investment analysts have continued to caution that the impact of the continued sectarian violence, political instability and the ripple effects

Five Most Capitalised Firms as at 17/02/2012 Dangote Cement NB GTB Zenith Bank Nestle

N1.7tn N738.8bn N418.2bn N385.5bn N349.5bn

Top 10 Companies (Share Price) as at 07/02/2012 NewGold ETF Nestle Guinness Total Mobil Dangote Cement Nigerian Breweries Flour Mills Seven Up Lafarge (Wapco)

of Eurozone economic crises had brought the Nigerian Capital Market and investors' confidence to their lowest status in recent years. They said the country was currently facing a high level of capital flight, and declining interest of foreign investors in the economy According to the Chief Executive Officer of the Nigerian Stock Exchange, Mr. Oscar Onyema, the Eurozone crisis and other uncertainties in the economy occasioned by the unrest in some parts of the country also accounted for the huge withdrawals. He noted that while a total of N479 billion came into the capital market via foreign investments in the year under consideration, N313 billion represented the amount that left the market. “Foreign investors were faced

N2,668.00 N441.00 N220.55 N171.48 N133.000 N110.20 N97.70 N56.00 N46.00 N44.00

with a number of challenges from their own countries, and the Eurozone, a factor which led to the huge outflow of foreign portfolio investment and a consequent decline in the value of transactions in the capital market. Of course, we also had our own local challenges. The Eurozone credit crisis remains a key risk to the world economy in 2012, with increased concerns surrounding the sustainability of sovereign debt instruments, especially with the unrest and volatility in certain regions of the world economy. “We continue to watch it closely and it raises concerns about sovereign debt sustainability. If you add that to what is going on locally; unrest and volatility in some regions of the country, these present concerns for us in the capital market, “he said.

Leadership Monday, February 20



Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Leadership Monday, February 20



Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Do you know how to draw?

Are you a well-read, critical thinker who is up to speed on politics and current events? If you answered ’Yes,’ to all of the above then we want to see your portfolio. Leadership has immediate openings for editorial cartoonists and illustrators to contribute to our world-class newspaper. Write to Leadership "Editorial" at Or 27, Ibrahim Tahir Lane, Off Shehu Musa Yar'Adua Way, Utako District Abuja



Leadership Monday, February 20

Words alone don’t tell the whole story. Our reporting requires specialists who research, edit and draw graphics, maps, data, and charts with Adobe Illustrator and InDesign. TOP 5 SOMETHING HASTO BE TYPED HERE THAT MAKES SENSE


Name Name and maybe an explanations

Name Name and maybe an explanations


Name Name and maybe an explanations


Name Name and maybe an explanations



Name Name and maybe an explanations


Repor t shows disparitie s among income oupsgr Average per-pupil spending by school district

53,1 %






18,48 %

46,06 %



13,64 %


40,1 %

Average baseteacher salary




$ 54.035 48.432

Percentage share of commodoties markets which have some observers fearing a bubble is bursting in the resources sector.





8,04 %

Recent plunges in commodoties markets have some observers fearing a bubble is bursting in the resources sector.

11 799


11 921 12 500


10 349


13,78 %


11 925

10 349

Students per teacher


11 850 11 200


10.01.2012 10 550

Leadership has immediate openings for editorial information graphics experts and researchers to contribute to our world-class newspaper. Write to Leadership "Editorial" at Or 27, Ibrahim Tahir Lane, Off Shehu Musa Yar'Adua Way, Utako District Abuja FOR GOD AND COUNTRY

14.6 17.5 17.0



Monday, February 20, 2012 LEADERSHIP

feature River Niger Dredging: Issues,Ideas Keep Clashing R After over 44 years in incubation, the dredging of River Niger was flagged off on September 10, 2009. The project crystallises the federal government’s unwavering determination to tackle the country’s infrastructure and development challenges. But three years later, National Inland Waterways Authority (NIWA) and the 152 benefiting communities across eight cooperating states have different views on the economically viable project. NUHU YARWA and PEMBI STEPHEN-DAVID write.

iver Niger is one of the major rivers in Nigeria, it is fed by tropical rain and exhibits clearly defined flood and low water seasons. The flood season starts in June, peaks in September and is completely receds by December ending. The rest of the period is low water season with the highest recorded difference between high and low water marks being about 9m. The river bed is alluvial and is in constant transformation by flood waters. Thus, series of deeps and shallows (called crossings) mark its course as it flows towards the delta. Between Lokoja and the bifurcation at Onya, forty crossings have been identified by the federal government which create bottlenecks of various magnitudes to smooth navigation on the river Niger. The major navigational problem to the south of the bifurcation is restricted width and sharp bends. Therefore, the Lower Niger dredging projects seek to enlarge the channels and deepen them, close secondary or non-viable channels, provide turning basins and achieve appropriate water depths along the riverside facilities constructed or rehabilitated. The age-long plan to dredge the Lower River Niger was first conceived by the colonial administration in 1958. It suffered series of neglect by successive administrations until it was flagged off by late President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua in 2009.The 572

Williams Lloyds Tech. Co. House Boat at Baro

kilometre-long dredging covers Baro in Niger State to Bifurcation in Bayelsa State, according to the Managing Director of Nigeria Inland Waterways Authority, (NIWA) Arc. Ahmed Yar’Adua. The dredged river is expected to provide all-year round navigation, employment opportunities, and improved economic activities as well as flood control. Other benefits he says, include improved carrying capacity, cheaper and safer transport system, reduced axle load on roads, boom fishing and preserve the environment. He explains that it is the first major dredging exercise that ever took place in the country after the failure of the dredging of the Ikpoba River in Edo State and the Calabar port in Cross River State. The dredged Lower River Niger cuts across Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers and Edo states; others are Imo, Anambra, Kogi and Niger states, covering 152 communities. Seven main inland ports to decongest the Lagos and Port Harcourt ports have also been identified .A maritime institute would be established at Onitsha as well as five river ports at Warri, Onitsha, Idah, Lokoja and Baro. The NIWA has the mandate to manage the nation’s waterways. It remains the chief coordinator of the dredging and the port construction. The authority is also responsible for the operation of passenger ferry services, jetties and dockyards as well as the issuance and control of licenses for inland navigation, river jetties

Equipment at Baro Port

A dredger at Baro Site


and dockyards. President Goodluck Jonathan recently approved the opening of access navigational channels from the bifurcation to Port Harcourt (deep sea port) and from Lokoja to Makurdi (Benue River). The NIWA boss said the peculiarities of the 572-km ‘‘aquatic

highway’’ on the river Niger through dredging mandated its division into lots using natural boundaries. They are also of different mileages as follows:Lot 1: Warri to Bifurcation 154 km Lot 2: Bifurcation to Onitsha 116km

A dreged site at Janmata

The project is supposed to increase our fishing activities but it is not so, the fishes have all gone. Places where you easily get fish have been dredged, we now move far to catch fishes

A dreged site at Lokoja

Lot 3: Onitsha to Idah 118km Lot 4: Idah to Jamata 108km Lot 5: Jamata to Baro 76km Each lot has been awarded to a consultant and a contractor for the purpose of execution. Haskoning

Engineering Consult Nigeria Ltd is the consultant for Lot 1 while Jayuda Int Ltd is the consultant for Lot 2. Dredging and Marine Consultants Ltd is the consultant to Lot 3 while Enplan Group is the consultant to Lot 4. Lot 5’s consultant is Mssrs Williams Lloyds Technical Company.

Baro Port under construction

He explained that the project is made up of capital dredging which consist of opening of navigation channels, construction of sand dams, widening of creek routes, straightening of over-developed meanders and stocking of excess stand and derocking which involves blasting of rock outcrops and removal of blasted debris. Yar’Adua says construction of engineering structures such as bottom panels, groynes, dykes and barrages, break waters and revetments, used to stabilise the river beds and deepen channels by producing natural scouring also form part of the project. He added that recurrent (maintenance) dredging which has to do with maintaining a minimum channel depth of 2.5m and a top width of 100m for allyear-round navigation, is all also an area which the project will give maximum attention to. Installation of navigational aids including buoys, traffic signs and security lights and erection of survey momuments from Warri through Port Harcourt to Baro as well as Pr-Hydrographic surveys involving pre-dredging and post-dredging surveys for the calculation of dredge columes and to determine changes in river morphology are also part of the project. Yar’adua explains that capital dredging of 572 km of Lower River Niger from Baro in Niger State to Warri in Delta State. Construction of modern inland ports of Baro, Idah and Lokoja are considered in the project.

He says completion/ rehabilitation of Onitsha Port, construction of River Training Works (RTW), maintenance dredging of the River Niger after completion of the capital dredging and construction of Gulu-Baro Road (20km) to provide access to Abuja also form the project consideration. Yar’Adua explained that the capital dredging is 70 per cent completed but the maintenance will go on for two years. But members of the benefiting communities are singing a different song. They embrace the idea that it will yield good result but they seem not to agree that the plan is workable as most of them don’t have full understanding of the project. A trip to Baro community revealed that the locals are not having a good moment with the dredging of the river and construction of the ports. They argue that though the project has the potentials of increasing the economic activities in the area, the work is very slow. The delay in completing the project they said, has worsen their plight. ‘‘The project is supposed to increase our fishing activities but it is not so, the fishes have all gone. Places where you easily get fish have been dredged, we now move far to catch fishes. We thought the government will help us with new fishing techniques but there is nothing to that effect,’’ complained Abubakar Baro, the Ranin Baro. To Be Continued Tomorrow

NIWA Headqaurters in Lokoja

Arc. Yar'Adua Managing Director of Nigeria Inland Waterways Authority, says the dredged river is expected to provide all-year round navigation, employment opportunities, and improved economic activities as well as flood control. Other benefits he says, include improved carrying capacity, cheaper and safer transport system, reduced axle load on roads, boom fishing and preserve the environment


Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012


A billboard advertisment, sponsored by foreign aids, warning against unprotected casual sex. Over 50 per cent of HIV infections in Nigeria are from unprotected heterosexual relations.

HIV: What Happens When Foreign Aids Dry Up? There have been significant achievements in the fight against HIV/AIDS but it would be suicidal to slow down as the challenges are enormous. Prominent among these challenges is funding. EZRA IJIOMA examines the options before Nigeria when the foreign aids eventually stop.

What happens to the fight against HIV/AIDS in Nigeria when foreign funds dry up? It is a question most Nigerians are afraid to ask because the answer is unthinkable and carries dire consequences. With the global financial crisis and attendant economic problems, many donor nations are tightening their fists and calling for more financial involvement from Nigeria and other aids recipient nations. According to the Director General of National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA), Prof. John Idoko, funding for AIDS in Nigeria is largely from the outside “which is unsustainable.” External funding for AIDS in Nigeria accounts for 85.4 per cent in 2007 and 92.3 per cent in 2008. Poor countries like Nigeria were seen as unable to muster the required financial muscle and organisational expertise to address the epidemic hence the need to assist them. But it seems the poor nations do not want to grow up. They are stuck to the feeding bottle. According to the Global Fund, which is the largest donor agency in Nigeria on HIV/AIDS, Nigeria has attracted approximately $200m (about N30bn) over five years to fight HIV/AIDS. This figure, the body said, is outside the yearly bud-

getary allocations to NACA from government and grants from other donor agencies. Prof. Idoko’s during the opening ceremony of the Zonal/National Consultation Meeting on Ownership and Sustainability on the 13th of February 2012 in Abuja, pointed out that donor funding has dropped by 13 per cent and presented the financial gaps that exist in the implementation of the National Strategic Plan 2010 - 2015. For 2011, the financial gap between what is to be received and what is required was $206million; 2012, $577million; $1.1billion in 2013 and $1.7 billion in 2014. Many donor countries are defaulting in their commitments to contribute 0.7 per cent of their Gross Domestic Product as Overseas Development Assistance to less developed States. This was before the global financial crisis. Now that the crisis is here, how can countries like Greece, Portugal, Spain, Italy and even the United Kingdom be convinced to contribute? Also, there is the issue of corruption. A recent audited account of some donor receiving bodies in Nigeria last year showed inability to account for about N7billion. In a report filed with Independent Cor-

rupt Practices and other related offences Commission (ICPC), the Office of the Inspector General of Global Fund to Nigeria discovered that $474,519,260 (about N72bn) disbursed between 2003 and 2009 could not be properly accounted for. This undermines the faith of the donor nations to continue to assist. Getting to Ground Zero In 2005, the international community met in Paris, capital of France, and called on nations to take ownership and sustain the strategies for the campaign against AIDS. Donor countries were to key into national response and use local systems. The same call was sounded again in Accra, capital of Ghana, in 2008 and in Busan, South Korea, last year. Efforts were encouraged for countries to mobilize local support both financial and otherwise and integrate the AIDS fight into the overall health and national development plans. Even President Goodluck Jonathan at the High Level Meeting held in New York in June 2011 promised that the federal government will bear 50 per cent of the budget for AIDS, from 7 per cent, and eliminate mother to child transmission of HIV by

External funding for AIDS in Nigeria accounts for 85.4 per cent in 2007 and 92.3 per cent in 2008.


32 your health

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

NAFDAC To Re-certify Over 8,000 Packaged Water Factories The Director-General of National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC), Dr Paul Orhii, has said the Agency has concluded plans to re-certify over 8,000 packaged water factories in Nigeria irrespective of registration status.

Donor Counselor of National Blood Transfussion Service, Mrs Carol Imonikhe, checking one of the youth leader of Galadimawa community, Miss Esther Jacob, during the National Blood Transfussion Community Outreach blood donation drive at Galadimawa District of AMAC, Abuja, recently PHOTO BY CHRIS DANLADI

Review Recruitment Standards For State Health Workers – Pate ezra ijioma Abuja

Minister of State for Health, Prof Muhammad Pate, has called for a review of standards for the recruitment of health workers at the state and local government levels as part of measures to tackle the problem of understaffing at health institutions at those levels. Speaking at a conference on maternal, newborn and child health at the weekend, Pate said high recruitment standards set at

the national level may be responsible for some state and local government authorities’ inability to staff their health facilities. “We have set high standards nationally, but are we able to maintain those standards? We cannot sit here in Abuja and think we can regulate [all activities] because the needs of every state are different,” he said. The two-day conference organised by National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA), in collaboration Canadian International Development Agency

and United Nations Health Organisations (UNICEF, UNFPA and WHO) is aimed at reducing deaths among women during childbirth and among newborn infants and children under age five. Maternal mortality rate in Nigeria fell to 487 per 100,000 live births last year in the wake of the launch of the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Strategy in 2007, but not nearly enough. The strategy targets 15 states where the burden of maternal and child deaths is highest due to low performance and coverage.

FG Partners Israel On Emergency Medical Services ezra ijioma Abuja

The Federal Ministry of Health is partnering with the Israeli government towards capacity and structural development of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) in Nigeria. The partnership, which was facilitated by YBF Nigeria, the training arm of Plusfactor International Ltd, is in line with President Goodluck Jonathan’s

transformation agenda for the health sector – to reduce maternal, infant, accident, and disaster mortality rate in Nigeria. In a statement made available to LEADERSHIP, the Federal Ministry of Health has sent a delegation of doctors, nominated from the University Teaching Hospitals of Abuja, Jos, and Maiduguri, to Tel Aviv Israel for a 2-week training. The training began on 18th of February and will end on 2nd of March 2012.

It will focus on Emergency Medical Preparedness and Response; Mass Casualty Incident Management; Trauma Care and Disaster Management. The delegation is headed by Dr. Abdurrarazaq Gbadamosi, director of Emergency Preparedness, Federal Ministry of Health. Israel is a world leader in advance medical infrastructure, paramedical research, and bioengineering and has one of the highest quality of healthcare systems in the world.

short news

Doctors Condemn Health Minister Over Imposition Of CMD By Najib Sani, Bauchi Doctors in Azare Katagum local government of Bauchi state under the aegis of the ‘Association of Residents Doctors’ have berated the Federal Ministry of health for the alleged cancellation of the result of the interview conducted by the federal medical centre Azare for the post of the Medical Director.

ezra ijioma Abuja

He also disclosed that there are over 8,679 water producing factories in Nigeria and that many more are yet to come forward to be registered”. Dr Orhii explained that the exercise is necessary for the purpose of capturing biometric data of all clients and stakeholders of products regulated by NAFDAC as a means of building a strong data base to ease regulation. He made this known at a one-day sensitization workshop for packaged water producers held recently in Abuja. He said, “NAFDAC has measures in place to ensure the quality of packaged water through the process of Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) inspection, laboratory analysis and finally, registration of the product. In essence, before a product is product is approved for registration, it must have satisfied a number of laid conditions for quality and wholesomeness which must be maintained throughout the shelf-life. “Sanctions have been applied to all identified cases, including prosecution. NAFDAC is calling your attention at this forum for us to come up with the best way to stop these practices.” He said the re-certification exercise will entail fresh GMP audit of all plants so as to be sure that GMP processes are current. In her opening remarks, Director Establishment Inspection, Mrs Hauwa Keri, said NAFDAC is determined to ensure that it is safe for drinking to avoid water borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid and so many other life threatening conditions.

Katsina Targets 2 Million Children For Immunisation By Muazu Elazeh Katsina

Not fewer than two million children would be immunized in the on going immunization against poliomyelitis in Katsina state, the permanent secretary, state ministry of health, Ahmed Qabbasiyu has said. Speaking at the flag-off of the immunization in Jibia town, Qabisiyyu who until recently was the executive secretary of the state primary health care development agency, said two million, four hundred thousand (2.4M) doses of vaccines had been provided for the immunization. He called on parents to cooperate with health officers to ensure smooth immunization warning that government would not hesitate to deal with any person found to be sabotaging the exercise.

Experts Say Information Technology Is New Drug Of Addiction FLORENCE UDOH Lagos

Experts have expressed worry over the danger posed by addiction to information technology devices.

The experts who spoke over the weekend at the AGM of the Association of Resident Doctors, Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos State, tagged “Information Technology, the New Drug

of Addiction”, warned that though immense benefits could be derived from information technology devices such as social networks, emails, Internet, phones, games, television and radio, they could also

be addictive. President of the Association, Dr. Maymunah Kadiri, said the addiction cuts across all age groups, and that studies have shown that addiction to these information tech-

nologies has led to marital discord, shallow relationships, lack of personal hygiene and social interaction with other people, loss of good eating habits and poor academic performance.


LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012

7 Surprising Ways To Boost Your Brain


round the time we hit 30, our brains begin a slow, steady downward trajectory, or so popular wisdom would have it. But cognitive decline is by no means an inescapable side effect of aging. In fact, according to a flurry of new reports, you can counteract age-related changes in the brain with a surprisingly simple regimen of activities guaranteed to nurture and fortify your mental muscle power. Here are seven easy ways to keep your brain quick, sharp, and bristling with youthful vigour. Exercise Yes, exercise can stave off or delay dementia—but did you know it can actually reverse brain aging too? A team from the University of Illinois’ Beckman Institute recently reviewed dozens of past studies and found that aerobic exercise boosts not only speed and sharpness of thought but also the volume of brain tissue. As little as 50 minutes of brisk walking 3 times a week was found to have this brain-expanding effect. Tip: For an added boost, walk in the park: University of Michigan researchers found that volunteers whose course took them through a tree-filled setting performed 20 per cent better on memory and attention tests than those who walked downtown.

The more alcohol a person drinks, the smaller his or her total brain volume becomes

Surf The Internet Often When you search the Internet, you engage key centers in your brain that control decision-making and complex reasoning. And these few clicks may be more mentally stimulating than reading, say UCLA scientists. Their studies found that Internet searching uses neural circuitry that’s not activated during reading--but only in people with prior Internet experience. MRI results showed almost 3 times more brain activity in regular Internet searchers than in first-timers, suggesting that repeated Googling can be a great way to build cognitive strength over time. Tip: Spend around 20 minutes a few days a week searching topics you’ve always wanted to learn more about—regardless of how seemingly frivolous: Whether you’re researching a celebrity’s latest pratfalls or musical harmony, the benefits to your brain are the same. Brush and Floss Oral health is clearly linked to brain health, according to a team of British psychiatrists and dentists. After studying thousands of subjects ages 20 to 59, they found that gingivitis and periodontal disease were associated with worse cognitive function throughout adult life—not just in later years. Tip: Follow your dentist’s advice—floss daily and brush your teeth for 2 minutes at least once a day. Drink Sparingly Limiting cocktails is beneficial for cognitive function. Keep your alcohol consumption within the safe and healthful limit: no more than one drink

a day. The more alcohol a person drinks, the smaller his or her total brain volume becomes, according to a recent Wellesley College study. The link between drinking and reduced brain volume was stronger in women—probably because smaller people are more susceptible to alcohol’s effects. Tip: If you like a glass of white wine with dinner, make a spritzer by replacing some of the wine with sparkling water. You’ll cut your intake even more. Eat Blueberries New research shows that the purple-hued fruits may help sharpen your thought processes. After National Institute on Aging and Tufts University researchers injected male rats with kainic acid to simulate the oxidative stress that occurs with aging, rats that had been fed a diet containing 2 per cent blueberry extract did better navigating a maze than rats that didn’t get the compound. In another study, the same researchers found that rats that ate blueberries showed increased cell growth in the hippocampus region of the brain. The researchers theorize that anthocyanin—the dark blue pigment found in blueberries—is responsible for these cognitive changes; it contains chemicals that may cross the blood-brain barrier and lodge in regions that govern learning and memory. Tip: Stock up on blueberries when they’re on sale, and sprinkle them over your cereal or yogurt or fold them into your smoothie. Off-season, buy them frozen; they’re every bit as nutritious as fresh. Do Puzzles Amazingly, you’ll knock a decade off your cognitive age. In a University of Alabama study of nearly 3,000 older men and women, those who participated in 10 60-to 75-minute sessions of brainboosting exercise sharpened their mental abilities so much that their brains performed like those of people more than 10 years younger. Tip: Start small—whip out a booklet of basic puzzles when you’re riding to work on the train or waiting in a long checkout line. As your skills improve, graduate to more challenging brainteasers. Meditate More than just a great stress reliever, meditation can also enhance your brain’s gray matter Participants in a new study from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston appear to have experienced growth in the cortex, an area of the brain that controls memory, language, and sensory processing. In addition, meditators in a University of Kentucky study performed better than their non-meditating counterparts on a series of mental acuity tests. Tip: Make the practice a regular habit—the participants in a recent study meditated an average of 40 minutes a day. But you can start with 15 on your lunch break or before you leave for work. Sit upright, close your eyes, and focus on whatever you’re experiencing in the present moment, whether it’s birds chirping in the distance or just the sound of your own breathing.

Adanma Odefa Diabetes & Hypertension Help Society 08023814799 (SMS only)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) (2) Trichomonas vaginalis (trichomoniasis) is a common protozoal STD, and Candida species (candidiasis) are sexually transmitted yeasts. Both are frequently associated with vaginal discharge. Biological Factors In The Spread Of Stds STDs are behavior-linked diseases that result from unprotected sex. Nonetheless, several biological factors contribute to their spread. These include the asymptomatic nature of STDs, the long lag time between infections and complications, the higher susceptibility of women to STDs, and the way that STDs facilitate the transmission of HIV infection. The silent nature of STDs represents their greatest public health threat. Most STDs cause some symptomatic illness, but many produce symptoms so mild or nonspecific that infected persons are not alerted to seek medical care. As many as one in three men and two in three women with chlamydia infection have no obvious signs of infection. Without treatment or other interventions, infected persons can continue to infect new sex partners. Moreover, serious complications that cause irreversible damage can occur “silently” before any symptoms are apparent. A related problem is the long interval that can elapse between acquiring an STD and recognizing a clinically significant health problem. Women can develop cervical cancer many years after infection with some strains of HPV. A woman may first suspect she had an asymptomatic infection with Chlamydia or gonorrhea when she finds out later in life that she is infertile or has an ectopic pregnancy. Because the original infection was likely to have been asymptomatic, there is frequently no perceived connection between the original sexually acquired infection and the resulting health problem. The lack of awareness of this

connection leads people to underestimate their risk and to forego preventive precautions. Gender and age are also associated with increased risk for STDs. Women are at higher risk than men for most STDs, and young women are more susceptible to certain infections than older women (theoretically, younger women are likely to keep multiple sex partners than older ones). Due to cervical ectopy that is extremely common in adolescent females, the immature cervix of adolescent females is covered with cells that are especially susceptible to STDs such as chlamydia. Please young girls, be very careful with your sex life. You need not hurry into sex at an adolescent age. The presence of other STDs, especially those that cause genital ulcers or inflammation influences the sexual transmission and acquisition of HIV infection. Studies have repeatedly demonstrated that people are two to five times more likely to become infected with HIV through sexual contact when other STDs are present. In addition, dually infected persons (persons who are infected with both HIV and another STD) are more likely to transmit HIV infection during sexual contact. Conversely, effective STD detection and treatment can slow the spread of HIV infection at the individual and community levels. STDs are a serious threat to public health and must be taken seriously. Please be careful in choosing your sexual partners. Do not keep multiple sex partners and do not practice unsafe sex. These words I will leave you to ponder whilst I go gear up to deliver to you, more doses of STDs (information please! Not infection!) when we come together on this page again. Remember, only a healthy person can be happy or gorgeous! Good bye! To be Continued next week

34 YOUR HEALTH Can you take an overview of Nigeria’s health system? I don’t think it would be very fair to talk about the state of Nigeria’s health system without talking about the state of the nation generally. I believe that our health sector is at the same level as any other sector of our national life. Talk about education, military, police, transport and any aspect of our economy is at the same level, but I believe that health is ahead of all of them. This is because there is hardly any aspect of medical care you can get anywhere in the world that you cannot get in Nigeria. I believe that health is doing better than most other aspects of our national life. For example, if you go to a public office for one service or the other, you get dribbled round and round but that is not the case in the hospital. When you go to see a doctor, he attends to you and if it’s needed, refers you to a specialist. I believe that health is ahead of every other aspect of our national life but people don’t recognise that. How then do you explain the high cost of medical care which has left many Nigerian unable to access quality health care? I tell you something, medical treatment in Nigeria is virtually free. That’s the truth. Many of us worked for government hospitals here and there. You will discover that in a typical government hospital the cost of the materials that are used in surgical operations is far more than what the person is paying for that surgery. We are not talking about the cost of the surgery. So healthcare in Nigeria is not expensive and I am talking about government hospitals. But in private hospitals, it is still cheaper than what you get outside the country. Surgeries we do for one million naira in Kelina Hospital cost more than six million naira outside the country. I performed a surgery for less than two hours and the patient paid less than one million naira but he was ready to pay about five thousand pounds for the same surgery in the United Kingdom. What are some of the challenges medical practitioners face in providing quality and cheap medical care for Nigerians? The challenges that we have are the same facing many aspects of the economy. The number one challenge is funding. Agreed, Nigeria does not have as much money as you may get in North America and Europe. Because we have problem with transportation, so our people cannot travel from one part of the country to another for specialized medical treatment. For this reason, almost every hospital is forced to try to do everything. Somebody cannot come to you with malaria and you tell him to go to a specialist in malaria in another town, you have to do everything. When we started Kelina Hospital, we did not plan to do ante natal care but one woman came, she was convulsing and

Monday, February 20, 2012 LEADERSHIP

Private Hospitals Are Not Receiving Support from Government – Undie

Giving the poor state of the nation’s health system, efforts are increasing to raise it. In this interview with EZRA IJIOMA, the Consultant Urological Surgeon at Kelina Hospital Gwarimpa, Abuja, Dr. Celstus Ukelina Undie, explains what can be done to improve the quality of medical services in the country. Excerpts

men who turn around to sell them at N400million or N500million as the case maybe. Hospitals are the most expensive industry to run because they must run for 24 hours. The pharmacists, the nurses, the laboratory scientists and other medical staff must on duty 24 hours. So you may have three patients but about 100 staff in the hospital. This is very expensive. We need support from the government. Funding is a major challenge. What about the dearth of medical personnel in the country, how does that affect the quality of health care? Of course we don’t have enough doctors. The problem is that there is no enabling environment to practise medicine in the country. In 1990, when I left medical school and we were about 120 in my class but more than 90 are practising outside this country by my own estimation. We are planning a reunion for my class but it will be held in America because that’s where most of them are based. In Nigeria, you can go to an entire state and won’t see more than three specialists. In the whole FCT, there are five urological surgeons. In the whole country, we are not up to 100 urological surgeons. What can be done to reverse the brain drain? Government must support the hospitals. Lands must be made available to individuals who want to set up hospitals. We should learn to appreciate the services doctors render to the society. Those of us who had stayed back to work in Nigeria should be encouraged.

It is only the doctor that understands everything going on in the hospital. If the government thinks that anybody can head a hospital, then it is making a serious mistake.

was pregnant and died before we could get a gynaecologist. So we were forced to buy equipment for ante natal care. People come complaining of dental problem and cannot afford to go to town, so we were forced to buy equipment for dental care. So hospitals spread their resources to do everything and cannot concentrate on one thing and achieve excellence. We don’t have enough funds. Private hospitals are trying to support government hospitals and the best hospitals are private hospitals. Government hospitals may have the equipment and best staff but in terms of quality care which you can get as close to what you can get outside the country, the private hospitals can do that better. Now the private hospitals don’t have government support because they pay tax like any other company. Even if you

don’t make profit, you are forced to pay tax on turnover. So that is number one problem, we don’t have enough funds. Government could support hospitals like it supports agriculture by providing soft loans. So people do not have the kind of equipment you see abroad here. Number two, private hospitals and individuals interested in investing in health do not even have a plot of land to put up hospitals. Look at FCT for example, there are more than 300 hospitals here but less than 30 hospitals own the lands where their hospitals stand. Most of the hospitals are on rented properties. Some of the private hospitals have specialised equipment that cannot be found in government hospitals. You apply for land in FCT and in the next five years, nobody will even respond to you but hospital plots are being allocated to business-

Do you think that the health bill before the National Assembly can address the many problems plaguing the health system? I don’t think so. If the government and members of the National Assembly do not take time to listen to doctors, I do not think that bill will address the problems in the health sector. If you go to a pharmaceutical company, you will not find a doctor at the head of that company. When it comes to a hospital, it is only a doctor who trains in every aspect of hospital work. It is only the doctor that understands everything going on in the hospital. If the government thinks that anybody can head a hospital, then it is making a serious mistake. Of course, the hospitals are going to collapse. If people in the health sector believe that everybody is the same and everybody is doing the same kind of work, then they can go ahead and implement what they want to implement, at the end we will see how everything will collapse. What are some of the corporate social responsibility practices your hospital engages in? Once every year, we invite doctors from across the world to come here and perform world-class surgeries at reduced costs. This year, we are inviting the President of International Society of Urologists, Dr. Mahesh Desai, to Nigeria along with his delegation. He will be here in March and will perform minimum access surgeries for patients. I have seen him carry out robotic surgery, laparoscopic surgery, endoscopic surgery and laser surgery. He is coming to help us, teach us the latest advances in these surgeries. My colleagues are invited and can join in the surgeries. This is a form of technology transfer.


LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012

What causes kidney stones? Unknown cause In most cases, there is no known reason why a stone forms. Most stones are made of calcium. However, in most cases, the amount of calcium and other chemicals in the urine is normal. You are more likely to form a stone if your urine is concentrated. For example, if you exercise vigorously, if you live in a hot climate or if you work in a hot environment when you may lose more fluid as sweat and less as urine. Underlying causes are uncommon In a small number of cases, a medical condition is the cause. Various uncommon conditions can lead to high levels of chemicals in the body such as calcium, oxalate, uric acid and cystine. If the level of these chemicals is high enough in the urine, they can form into stones. Medicines Taking certain medicines can make you more prone to making kidney stones. Examples include diuretics (water tablets), some chemotherapy medicines for cancer, and some medicines used to treat HIV. However, many people safely take these medicines without developing kidney stones. If you think that a medicine you are taking is the cause of your kidney stone, then you should not stop taking the medicine but discuss it with your doctor.

What is the treatment for kidney stones? The common situations Most stones that cause renal colic are small and pass out with the urine in a day or so. You should drink plenty of fluids to encourage a good flow of urine. Strong painkillers are often needed to ease the pain until you pass the stone. No other treatment is usually needed. Some stones that form and stick in the kidney do not cause symptoms or any harm. They can just be left if they are small. In some cases Some stones become stuck in a ureter or kidney and cause persistent symptoms or problems. There are various treatment options which include the following: • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). This uses high energy ‘shock waves’ which are focused onto the stones from a machine outside the body to break up stones. You then pass out the tiny broken fragments when you pass urine. • Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is used for stones not suitable for ESWL. A nephroscope (a thin telescope-like instrument) is passed through the skin and into the kidney. The stone is broken up and the fragments of stone are removed via the nephroscope. This procedure is usually done under general anaesthetic. • Ureteroscopy is another treatment that may be used. In this procedure, a thin telescope is passed up into the ureter via the urethra and bladder. Once the stone is seen, a laser (or other form of energy) is used to break up the stone. This technique is suitable for most types of stone. • Stone removal can be done by a traditional operation where the skin has to be cut to allow access to the ureter and kidney. This is only needed in a very small number of cases where the above, newer techniques have not worked or are not possible. It may be done if you have a very large stone in your kidney. Another option for a stone made purely from uric acid (about 1 in 20 stones) is to dissolve the stone. This can be done by drinking plenty of fluids and making the urine alkaline with medication.

You are also more prone to develop kidney stones if you have: • Recurrent urine or kidney infections. • A kidney with scars or cysts on it. • A close relative who has had a kidney stone.

Dr. Randeep Wadhawan M.S., FIAGES, FMAS, FAIS, FICS (USA). Head of Department, Minimal Access, Bariatric & GI Surgery, FORTIS HOSPITAL New Delhi, India

• •

Kidney Stones: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment What are kidney stones? Kidney stones can form within the kidney, within the ureter (the tube draining urine from the kidney) or in the bladder. They can be many different sizes and shapes. The size of kidney stones range from tiny microscopic crystals to stones as large as potatoes. . Gallstones and kidney stones are not related. They form in different areas of the body. Someone with a gallstone is not necessarily more likely to develop kidney stones How common are kidney stones? About 3 in 20 men and 1 in 20 women develop a kidney stone at some stage in their life. They can occur at any age, but most commonly occur between the ages of 20 and 40. About half of people who develop a kidney stone will have at least one recurrence at some stage in the future.


How do kidney stones form? The kidneys filter the blood and remove excess water and waste chemicals to produce urine. Urine travels from each kidney down a tube called the ureter into the bladder, then out of the body via the urethra when the bladder is full. Many waste chemicals are dissolved in the urine. The chemicals sometimes form tiny crystals in the urine which clump together to form a small stone. What are the symptoms of kidney stones? In some cases a kidney stone lies in a kidney and causes no problems or symptoms. You may not be aware that a stone has formed. If symptoms do occur, they include one or more of the following: • Pain from a kidney. A stone that is stuck in a kidney may cause pain in the side of

half, Nigeria contributes about 30 per cent of the global burden of mother to child transmission. But both promises have not been met as budgetary allocation to health and NACA continues to dwindle in real terms. The 2001 Abuja Declaration called on nations to commit 15 per cent of annual budget to health but health got 5.4 per cent in 2007, 5.1 in 2008, 5.0 in 2009, 4.0 in 2010 and 8.0 in 2012 in budgetary allocations. Of the N283billion for health in 2012, only N3.5bn is allocated to the procurement of HIV/AIDS Drugs. According to Minister of Health, Prof. Onyebuchi Chukwu, health cannot be isolated from the contemporary issues in the country with many other socio-economic issues demanding attention. “Even if you give health the entire budgetary allocation for the country, it won’t be enough,” he told LEADERSHIP. “So we have to wriggle within the room the budget allows us.” With foreign aid drying up and the paucity of government funds, what can be done? Enter The Private Sector The percentage of private fund for

the abdomen. Renal colic. This is a severe pain which comes and goes, and is caused by a stone that passes into the ureter (the tube that leads from the kidney to the bladder). The stone becomes stuck. The ureter ‘squeezes’ the stone towards the bladder which causes intense pain in the side of your abdomen. The pain may spread down into the lower abdomen or groin. You may sweat or feel sick due to the pain. Blood. You may see blood in your urine (urine turns red) caused by a stone ‘rubbing’ against the inside of your ureter. Infection. Urine infections are more common in people with kidney stones. Infections can cause fever, pain on passing urine and increased frequency of passing urine.

AIDS in 2007 was 0.0 and 0.1 in 2008. Government has been unable to co-opt the private sector into the fight against AIDS. In fact, there is no known strategy for that. When cheap billions come from overseas, who needs the local private sector’s peanuts and its attendant interference? Except for occasional road shows and seminars, there is little the private sector can show for the fight against AIDS. Most do not include prevention and treatment of HIV/AIDS in their company health policies. Stigma and discrimination remain rife as HIV positive workers face sack. Idoko agrees that a new vision for AIDS is required, a vision where “decision makers must move from lip service to meaningful action”. He continued, “Political leadership and accountability are sorely needed along with bold efforts to address the social drivers of HIV transmission.” Also, the Country Coordinator for United Nations Programme on HIV/ AIDS, Dr. Kwame Ampomah, at the recent event on ownership of AIDS funding, said that Nigeria should recognize that foreign aids cannot drive fight against HIV but local funds and strate-

gies. “Nigeria is an oil rich country,” Ampomah said, “if you look around you will see massive projects going on and I have travelled to many states. What we say is that some of this money should be used to uplift the health of the people. People are the most important asset of the country.” In order to engage the private sector, a National HIV/AIDS Fund (NAHAF) idea is being mooted. This is a public private partnership between the governments, private sector and civil society. It calls for innovative financing mechanisms backed by appropriate legislation and law. Several international facilities that finance aids for health programmes in developing countries like Nigeria are innovative mechanisms which NAHAF wants to domesticate. Such facilities include UNITAD, which levies airline tickets and has raised over $1.2 billion since 2006; GAVI Alliance, which funds immunization programme in Nigeria, sells bonds in international capital market and has raised two billion Euros since 2006; Product RED, which contributes to Global Funds and Debt2Health, which cajoles creditors to forgo a portion of their claims for fi-

nancing health programmes in debtor nations. Whether these programmes can be domesticated in Nigeria depends on a number of critical factors that include transparency, accountability and trust in government projects. Given the level of corruption in the public sector, many private investors are wary to go into partnership with government agencies. Many government officials still see HIV/AIDS funding as a goldmine and not a service to save lives. Correcting this impression and effective management of resources will instill confidence in the private sector to partner with government as part of their corporate social responsibility. How successful this becomes will define the new face of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Idoko advises, “If we are to transform the landscape of AIDS, it must remain high on the national and global agenda. We must move to a response that is long-term and sustainable.” The HIV/AIDS fight remains government’s to win or lose.




Jonathan: A Reform-Minded Leader By Idumange John


ince independence in 1960, President Jonathan appears to have been the only president who was elected by popular acclaim. His election in April 2011 cut across religion, partisan interest, ethnic nationality and geo-political zone. This was evident in the overwhelming support he garnered during the April 2011 general elections. His popularity is attributable to two main factors. First, since independence, Nigeria has for the first time produced a president who has traversed the academia, the public and private sectors. When President Jonathan canvassed a transformational agenda – a changecentric manifesto, Nigerians from all six geo-political zones voted for him. I think than the transformation agenda articulated by the president was a compelling vision for a better Nigeria. A transformational leader does the right thing rather than do things right, and because of the penchant for long-term planning, transformation leaders do better when they win the trust and confidence of the people. The official pronouncements of government have always shown that President Jonathan is eager to bequeath a legacy for posterity as a transformational leader. He is optimistic and enthusiastic about turning bad statistics and the negatives into positives and all his official policies point to that direction. Propelled by the desire to transform the nation, President Jonathan reiterated the same policy thrust during a 2-day presidential retreat with the private sector held on 13 and 14 of October, 2011, at the banquet hall of the presidential Villa, Abuja. The theme of the retreat was ‘Economic Development and Job Creation’. The retreat’s purpose was to ensure that the government and private sector work collaboratively to deliver on the transformation agenda. The president charged both the public and private sectors to imbibe positive and proactive attitude to delivering on the required reforms, as this attitude was as important as the reforms themselves. This transformative attitude was best represented by the twin mantras of ‘Just Do It’ that is, moving from policy formulation to execution and delivery; and ‘Never Again’ that is, not to repeat the past mistakes of economic mismanagement and missing past opportunities. The president used the instrumentality of the retreat to ask the economic team to identify and prioritise the resolution of critical challenges facing key sectors of the Nigerian economy and possible areas of focus and strategy to create jobs. The president also charged the retreat to identify policy changes and reforms required to enhance inclusive growth and promote job creation as well as key indicators to focus on to improve the real sectors that are likely to give Nigeria a competitive edge in the developing economies of Africa. Since then, the president has been consistent. Further highlights of the retreat include the drive towards “economic justice through the responsible stewardship of natural resources for present and fu-


There are certain glaring challenges facing the Jonathan presidency but the helmsman has so far demonstrated statesmanship, leadership and demonstrated his zeal and candour to transform the nation and reposition her economy on a rock-sure foundation

ture generations; accelerating the implementation of key reforms including the power reform roadmap, ports reforms, the agriculture transformation action plan, downstream deregulation, land use act reform, and the passage of the petroleum industry bill into law. On trade and investment, the Jonathan administration has established the National Automobile Council as well as an Automotive Development Fund to provide long term loans to resuscitate the automobile industry and generate jobs. Machinery has been put in place for the establishment of 37 skills acquisition centres nationwide. Approval for genuine foreign investors to obtain visas at the point of entry to facilitate FDI investments has been given by the president. This is to facilitate potential investors to do business in Nigeria. President Jonathan has done so much to boost the overwhelming success of the amnesty programme which has brought relative peace to the hitherto turbulent Niger Delta region. Last year, 2011 Nigeria set a new record by being recognised by OPEC in the month of July as the second largest oil exporter in the cartel second only to Saudi Arabia. It is the first time Nigeria has recorded such a feat. In the months ahead, there would be noticeable improvements. While this writer did not set out to chronicle the achievements of the Jonathan administration, it does appear that the president has fashioned out the right strategy to keep the transformation agenda working. With a formidable economic team getting the strategy right is the most crucial component in any policy implementation process. All these achievements have been recorded when President Jonathan is yet to celebrate his one year in office. There are certain glaring challenges facing the Jonathan presidency but the helmsman has so far demonstrated statesmanship, leadership and demonstrated his zeal and candour to transform the nation and re-position her economy on a rock-sure foundation. For their sake, and for the sake of the youths, unemployed, women and children, Mr. president’s reform agenda should be supported by all stakeholders. —John, a policy analyst is deputy president, Niger Delta Integrity Group

IGP Abubakar: Living Up To The Hype By Sule Ya’u Sule The recent appointment of Alhaji Mohammed Dikko Abubakar as acting Inspector General of Police has created a revolution of rising expectation from those who know the stuff the man is made of. It has also elicited mainly positive reaction from quarters which mean well for the nation and its often maligned police force. Optimism is high and those compatriots with understanding of what it requires to lead a police force in the 21st century seriously believe the new IGP will make a difference. They draw their optimism from MD Abubakar’s solid resume as a radical, brilliant and professional officer. The Nigeria Police has performed abysmally in recent times and suffers serious image crisis and has been largely inconsequential in tackling terrorism and other security challenges facing the country. Its human rights record is among the most atrocious in the world. Corruption in the larger society has eaten deep into the fabrics of the force. Security experts seriously doubt its helpfulness as an institution in fighting or preventing crime or even in routine neighborhood watch. Frequent change of guard at the top has robbed the Force of any opportunity for meaningful and sustainable reform which it critically needs to reinvent itself. A sense of helplessness has fuelled increased agitation for State Police by persons who rightly or wrongly attribute the declining fortunes of the Force to the rigid centralisation of command and administration structures. It is tempting to lapse into despondency or cynicism when a new IGP in town is promising reform, because the tough rhetoric of reform mouthed by previous incumbents did not translate into action. Like a ritualised habit, every IGP makes the usual noises about reforming the Police at inaugural meetings but they all left the institution poorer, far more corrupt and more distrusted by the public. Positions in themselves do not translate into capacity unless change is driven by integrity, passion and positive attitude. Those who promise change must embody it in character and form. Previous Police leaderships failed to effect change either in the structures, effectiveness or public perception of the Police simply because they themselves did not embody the change they preached. In comes M.D Abubakar, career operations officer par excellence, a man of action who enjoys incredible goodwill rare among his peers, a thoroughbred crime-fighter. It was an appointment based strictly on merit and which the public has applauded as spot. A round peg in a round hole, they say. While many will readily grant him the benefit of the doubt, there are others who have adopted a wait-and-see attitude, well aware that it would take gargantuan efforts to clean up the mess he is inheriting. It is imperative to note here that few IGPs in recent history have enjoyed comparable gush of goodwill from within and outside the Force as MD Abubakar and there is ample justification to expect genuine reforms in the Police from an Inspector General who has engendered positive change and personified exemplary discipline

in previous positions he held. What M.D Abubakar brings to his new position is his integrity, passion for the job, a track record in fighting crime, untainted professionalism and incredible humility. A well-trained and meticulous officer, he earned his pips for effectively handling crisis situations at key moments in parts of the country. History beckons on the new IGP to restore public confidence in the Police. M.D Abubakar has started well by laying down a six-point reform agenda with strong emphasis on improving capacity and accountability. It is already winning him critical acclaim. This is one time the successful implementation of Police Reform Programme is directly linked to the survival of the country, more so as the security situation in the country has created deep panic among the citizenry even as many victims of terrorism are trooping back to their home states. It is gratifying to hear the new helmsman’s radical proposals to overhaul and update the intelligence gathering arm of the Police, equip and train undercover agents to infiltrate criminal gangs and terrorist cells. Intelligence gathering, training and access to modern forensic technologies are the modus operandi of modern Police work. Abubakar, often praised as a dedicated crime-fighter and strategic thinker is living up to the hype. He plans to expose his officers and men to the best training tactics and equipment in order to safeguard themselves and the country. He has spoken eloquently of his readiness to rely on surveillance cameras, DNA analysis, computerised license plate scanners and other hightech devises in tackling crime. Another of public concern, flagrant human rights violation by the Police, is captured in M.D Abubakar’s radar. He has warned that he will not tolerate the act of detaining suspects beyond the statutory 24-hours. Suspects are either charged to courts with prosecutable evidence or released. Rights violation and corruption are possibly the areas that earn the Police the most public odium and his decision to address them is elating. He has warned that any senior officer flouting the directive would be sanctioned as he plans to set up a monitoring team to enforce compliance at all state and zonal commands. Nigeria desperately needs an IGP of M.D Abubakar’s calibre. Here is a new police boss committed to radical reform of the force and community ownership of crime fighting and prevention. His pledge that the police under him would partner with the people in the communities, irrespective of their social status, economic positions and religious beliefs is reassuring. It is also heartening to hear a new IGP reassure a beleaguered nation that “the basic task of law and order confronting the force are surmountable, it only requires qualitative leadership and partnership with relevant agencies and the citizens”. It depicts a thoroughbred and highly professional officer ready to confront a nation’s criminal tormentors and masterminds. —Sule contributed this piece from Kano


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012




Re-Emir Commends FCT Minister For Restoration Of Land Title Our attention has been drawn to the above captioned story on page 11 of your Monday February 13, 2012 edition, especially where your reporter Salisu Ibrahim in paragraph 2 stated that “the controversial land was allocated to the Kano State government during exgovernor Ibrahim Shekarau-led administration and was later revoked under Rabi’u Kwankwaso and re-awarded to a private firm due to what the then FCT administration said was Kano’s inability to develop the land.” The land in question was the 20-hectare land allocated to the Kano State government in Lokogoma Estate, by the FCT minister. This part of the story is not only outrightly false, but an attempt to turn the truth upside down. It is our conviction that your reporter may have

a motive of serving the interest of the enemies of the people of Kano State. This claim is based on the fact that your reporter knows very well that on Thursday, December 20, 2011 my predecessor, Malam Umar Sa’idu Tudun Wada had issued a press statement, a copy of which was given to your paper where it was stated that Gov. Rabi’u Kwankwaso had led a high – powered delegation to the FCT minister, Senator Bala Mohammed appealing to him ( the minister ) to return the land which was revoked because of the failure of the Shekarau administration to develop it to the Kano state government. Part of the land was even said to have been cornered by a serving senator from the state. The minister on that same day (Thursday De-

cember 20, 2011), directed the director of Land of the FCT “to restore the 20-hectare plot of land at Lokogoma Estate to the Kano State government with immediate effect.” He also directed that “a letter should be formally written to the Kano State Government restoring it to them with immediate effect.” Surprisingly and curiously also is the fact that this said press release which was carried by not less than seven news papers, including Tribune, National Mirror, Triumph, Blueprint, Moment, The Road and Freedom Express among others was not published in LEADERSHIP. — Ha l i l u I b ra h i m Dantiye, is director of Communication and Public Relations Strategy to the Kano State governor

Wada /Awoniyi Victory: New Dawn For Kogi “Some people are born great, some achieve greatness while others have greatness thrust upon them”—these are the immortal words of the legendary Julius Caeser. The emergence of the duo of Captain Wada as PDP governor-elect and Yomi Awoniyi as deputy governor respectively is a welcome development as well as wise decision taken by the people of Kogi State towards taking the state to the next level in other to provide the com-

mon good for the people. As the familiar Biblical adage goes, “when the righteous are on the throne, the people rejoice”. In this regard, the good people of Kogi State should put all hands on deck by supporting the new state administration in the state as it is hoped that the duo of Wada and Awoniyi would consolidate on the peace, stability and tranquility already put in place by the Ibrahim Idris-led administration. It was

the sage, Chief Obafemi Awolowo who once posited that "the seed of progress grows best on the soil of peace". There is no doubt, that the newly elected Caption Wada-led administration in Kogi will certainly usher in an era of peace and prosperity and ultimately bring about the much desired breath of fresh air which the people so much look forward to. — S und ay O ba jie wrote in from Abuja

igerian citizenship has been bedeviled by ethnicity, ethnocentrism, inter and intra-ethnic conflicts, indigenes/settler disputes and group / individual rights without justiciable and actionable laws that protect the individual rights of Nigerians. The indigene-settler problem has called to question the basis of citizenship in Nigeria . Who is a Nigerian? What are the qualifications for Nigerian citizenship? Does one qualify as a citizen in any part of Nigeria irrespective of his location, ethnicity and religious affiliation? Should such factors such as indigeneity, migration or any other extraneous factor determine/deny/limit what a citizen can enjoy or the level he/she can aspire to? Emphasising the issues of citizenship and fundamental human rights points to Chapter III of the 1999 Constitution wherein it is identified who a citizen is and how one can become a citizen. Specifically, sections 25 to 27 identify how citizenship can be attained in Nigeria; these are by birth, registration and naturalisation. In the same vein, chapter IV of the Constitution dwells extensively on the fundamental rights of Nigerians irrespective of their ethnicity, location or place of birth. These provisions, meant to act as a safeguard against or to provide redress for violations of one’s citizenship rights did not envisage a total ignorance of conditions whereby the enjoyment of citizenship rights will be handicapped or prevented by extraneous concerns such as indigeneity or ethnicity; even where there are clear provisions on the fundamental rights that Nigerians can enjoy, the situation is not in any way different. For instance, section 42 of chapter IV of the Constitution provides for the right to freedom from discriminations. The absence of a true federal structure in which fiscal federalism is practiced rather than the unity centralisation has led to multiple irreconcilable present-day all-comsuming violent conflicts. Though in the constitution, the secularity of the Nigerian is assumed but the practice of various religious organisations contravenes the idea of Nigerian secularity as protected by Part II,

Guest Columnist

Monday Peri Okonny

Citizenship, Ethnicity And Secularity Of Nigeria’s Constitution Section 10 of the Constitution which states that, “the government of the federation or any state shall not adopt any religion as state religion”. Challenges of ethnic conflicts in Nigeria There are three main areas of ethnic conflicts. The first is inter-ethnic conflict: This primarily manifests in Nigeria when ethnic groups tear themselves apart and fail to reach agreement on fundamental issues leading to ethnic genocidal wars (ZangoKataf/Hausa, Tiv/Jukun, Ibo/Annang conflicts). The second is intra-ethnic/indigene-settler conflicts: This occurs whenever differences occur, and lead to intra-ethnic conflicts attributed to the presence of ethnic consciousness and economic factors within the particular ethnic community (Ekpa-Omaka/Inyimagu, Umuleri/Aguleri conflicts). The third area of conflict is caused by a faulty federal structure and colonial heritage. As a result of incongruent boundary demarcations in a multiethnic nation with over 200 ethnic groups, challenges that broadly cover the following areas occur: (a) the colonial legacy of three separate administrations that resemble three dominant ethnic groupings (Ibo, Hausa and Yoruba). This is a major obstacle to national unity because mobilisation continues to take place along these ethnic lines; (b) Ethnic tensions being exploited through a “divide and rule” power approach inherited from colonial administration still dominates Nigerian socio-economic and political practice and discourse. Other areas of conflict are: (a) Tension between the oil-rich communities and non-oil producing communities competing for the oil wealth accruing to the nation is a major source of conflict; (b) Intensifying ethnic tensions due to location of oil and mineral resources in certain ethnic com-

munities and the exclusive management of the resources by post-independence centralised governments and; (c) The emergence of ethnic based militancy and ethno-religious fanaticism There are also ethnoreligious conflicts in violation of the secularity of the Nigerian nation state and lack of and inadequate actionable and justiciable laws that protect the rights of the Nigerian citizen and communities. Suggested actions The issue of citizenship rights must be addressed constitutionally. This can be done through a constitutional amendment that should clearly state that Nigerians have inalienable rights of residence, to contest for public office, own land, have access to social benefits such as employment and scholarship in any part of the country. The treatment of any Nigerian by any local and state authorities should be based on justice, equity, and fairness. Actionable laws should be put in place by route of constitutional amendment. Resource control and the issue of fiscal federalism should be legally dealt with and entrenched in the constitution to end the recurring violent conflicts and put paid to the armed struggle of the various nationalities that make up the federation. The restructuring of Nigeria to reflect true and fiscal federalism is inevitable for the survival of Nigeria . The secularity of the Nigerian nation should be sacrosanct and firmly entrenched in the Constitution. Violation of the principle of secularity of the Nigerian nation should be made a treasonable offence in the constitutional amendment. ­—Dr. Okonny spoke on these points, underscoring the essence of a constitutional review, at the Eminent National Leaders of Thought Dialogue on the State of The Nation held in Lagos

The absence of a true federal structure in which fiscal federalism is practiced rather than the unity centralisation has led to multiple irreconcilable presentday all-comsuming violent conflicts


Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Peter Alexander Egom Guest Column 0803-787.0705

Market Law For Job Creation In Nigeria Continued from Friday last week


ut contrast this now with what Nigeria has experienced under the neo-colonial heels of the interest-based market law of one price from September 26 1986 to this very day. A false, a very turbulent and a very transient economic world has been created for bureaucratic and fiscal plunder, for militocratic plunder, for democratic plunder and for financial plunder. It is in this make-believe economic environment of mind-less plunder that empty and useless financial assets grow and grow at the expense of job-creating and value-adding production assets. And this is how, under the magic pall of rampant peculation and fictive capital accumulation, the very many in Nigeria are increasingly impoverished as the narrow set of looting militocrats, looting bureaucrats, looting democrats, tax-evading business moguls and round-tripping financial usurers break every rule of social decency with their ostentatious and socially provocative material lifestyles at home and abroad. And, this is clearly to say that what the market law of one price has done to the financial and industrial structures of Nigeria since September 26 1986 is to make finance to appear to be more important than industry in Nigeria and, therefore, to make us Nigerians to ignore, to our peril, the basic economic fact that money that goes a-speculating and does not bother to produce goods and jobs a-plenty does ultimately rue it as crash money. And this is precisely what the Nigerian economy of capital and usury has been experiencing, since September 26 1986, on account of untenable divorce, which the market law of one price has all this while established, between the

interest-based naira, on the one hand, and job/goods creation, on the other. So, Nigeria is today on the verge of runaway social implosion because the neo-colonial economic agenda of fiscal unitarism and plunder in Abuja, of financial concentration and plunder in Lagos and of industrial concentration and tax evasion/waivers in Lagos, has come to the end of its gory and slave-dealing road. And Nigerians all must now control, for their common good, the use of Nigeria’s mind boggling array of resource endowments for job creation and domestic value-adding. And, it is the Freeman’s economic agenda of the interest-free market law of many prices or the purchasing power parity theorem that brings the justice and peace of job inclusion to Nigerians, as it makes public sector debt consolidation and liquidation plus loot retrieval and appropriation the necessary preconditions for the transition of Nigeria from her current economic agenda of mindless plunder to her new and common good economic agenda of fiscal federalism , financial de-concentration and industrial ruralization. Whereas the market law of one price is the exogenous and imperial economic distribution formula which only allows and empowers foreigners from the convertible currency nations of the West, as represented by the World Bank, to dictate to us in Nigeria who and who may determine what is produced ,how and for whom in Nigeria, the Freeman’s level-ground market law of many prices, or the purchasing power parity theorem, is the endogenous and patriotic economic distribution formula which only allows and empowers all Nigerians to equally participate in determining what is produced, how and for whom in Nigeria. And what

differentiates the exogenous market law of one price from the endogenous market law of many prices is the interest phenomenon; for the interest-based naira of elitist sovereignty is to the exogenous and imperial market law of one price what the interest-free naira of popular sovereignty is to the endogenous and democratic market law of many prices. Thus, when we put the interest-free market law of many prices at the centre of Nigeria’s practice of economic management, the dual economy and centre-periphery syndromes cease to feature in Nigeria’s internal and external economic relations. And as a result of this, Nigeria’s resources of men, money and materials will cease to make the Lemming rush from the rural areas to the urban areas of Nigeria and, in addition, Nigeria’s resources of men, money and materials will cease to make any Lemming dash from Nigeria to the convertible currency nations of the West. It is, indeed, quite an amazing thing for one to realize that it is only the interest phenomenon that keeps Nigeria in her current state of joblessness and industrial collapse. So, what a purposeful and job creating economic management practice in Nigeria should be toiling away with right-away is to find credible and workable answers to the following questions which arise as we seek to eliminate the interest phenomenon from the market structure of Nigeria’s economic management practice and thereby marry finance tightly to industry in Nigeria for continuous job creation. How does Nigeria create and distribute the interestfree naira for an overflow of job creation in Nigeria; how does Nigeria manage interestfree naira savings to engender an overflow of job creation in Nigeria; where does interestfree naira prefer to locate Nigeria’s industrial

activities in order to promote an overflow of job creation in Nigeria; and how does interest-free naira prevent job and capital export from Nigeria in Nigeria’s trade and payments relations with near and far sovereign neighbours? Interest-free naira emerges in Nigeria only when there is no public sector borrowing requirement, PSBR, in Nigeria. So, as Nigeria’s economic managers begin to address the practical issue of transiting Nigeria from the economic management orbit of the market law of one price to the economic management orbit of the market law of many prices, they must take the very important first step of getting the Nigerian Debt Management Office, DMO, to consolidate and liquidate Nigeria’s public sector debt stock, both internal and external. What is entailed here is how to make the Nigerian economy debt free and interestfree. Hence, DMO will cease to borrow naira from Nigerians and foreigners for the funding of the Nigerian public sector debts and will remain in function until it has used the humongous pile of retrieved domestic and foreign loot to liquidate Nigeria’s domestic and external public sector debts. Whereas the resource exporting market law of one price puts a yawning and an unbridgeable gap of job and capital export between finance and industry in Nigeria, the resource conserving market law of many prices eliminates this interest-based gap of resource drain and flight between finance and industry in Nigeria. This is why the latter is the quintessential market law for job creation in Nigeria. Peter Alexander Egom, Consultant Publisher, writes from NIIA, Lagos

We’ll Bring Professionalism To KSRTS Being an address delivered by Kabir Dangogo, Chairman, Katsina State Board of Radioand Television Services at the Inauguration of the Board of Directors His Excellency, the executive governor of katsina State, Dr. Ibrahim Shehu Shema, CON. The secretary to the state government. ❂❂❂ The honourable commissioner for information other members of the state executive council here present distinguished ladies and gentlemen. ❂❂❂ We are honoured to stand before you this morning to

for the record By Kabir Dangogo

be inaugurated as the board of Katina State radio and television services. for me, this is the first time that I will be appointed to the board of Katina state government and it is the first time I will be serving on any board of the state government. I am, together with my colleagues, very grateful to his Excellency for offering us the opportunity to serve our state and contribute toward its development. ❂❂❂ We see this as a challenge and a learning process. Members

of this board are drawn from many backgrounds and varied professions that promise to enrich contributions and foster wide discussions on how to enhance the professionalism of the state radio and television. Indeed, this is a remarkable departure from the past. with this calibre of members of the board of directors, i can assure his Excellency that we will work hard not only to complement the progressive nature of this administration, but we also ensure that our tenure on the board brings

value, professionalism, stability and harmonies working relationships to the broadcast stations in the state. ❂❂❂ we see this appointment as a call to service and promise to uphold the mandate of the state broadcasting stations, empower the employees professionally and govern by the rules in tandem with the spirit of his Excellency’s administration in the state. Right from inception about five years ago, this administration has been focused, dynamic and

responsive. The accomplishments of this administration can be seen and felt in every nook and cranny in the state. In fact, the Shehu Shema administration has meant unprecedented development in the history of katsina state, and has thrown a big challenge to other state governments across the country. This is what we have come to complement. ❂❂❂ Our board represents an unrepentant service to the people of the state. We pledge to his Excellency and to the people of the state that we would do all within our powers to deliver dividends of democracy to the state broadcasting stations. we pray to the almighty god to guide and protect us in the course of this undertaking. Amin. We thank you for listening.


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

Orji Uzor Kalu My Leadership Series m

Igbo Race And Political Hawks


nnumerousoccasions, especially during my tenure as governor of Abia State, South East Nigeria, I was invited by several groups and organizations to speak on the place of Igbo in Nigeria’s socio-political development. The most remarkable ones among these many lectures and speeches were the ‘Wake-up Call for Ndigbo’ delivered at the Igbo Summit held in Enugu on January 19, 2001. That speech aroused the consciousness of Igbo and set a new political agenda for it. In all the speeches, I did not mince words in eulogising the role the Igbo have played in the development and stability of our fatherland, even at the risk of their own survival. The responses from these speeches were also very heart-warming, encouraging and richly rewarding. Short of sounding immodest, I wish to unequivocally state that the speeches I made in the 8 years I was governor changed my orientation about the politics of Nigeria and brought me closer to the realities of our collective existence as a people. In any case, the purpose of this piece is not to recount the juiciness of these speeches, but to draw attention to the orchestrated designs by some devious and mischievous persons to discredit the Igbo and imperil their existence in corporate Nigeria. My attention has been drawn to the recent coordinated verbal and physical attacks on Igbo across the country, particularly in the north in recent times. The Adazi-Nnukwu 12 and others of their ilk, who were murdered in cold blood, readily come to mind. The Christmas Day massacre of some worshippers at St. Theresa’s Catholic Church, Madalla, Suleija, in which over 43 persons – mainly Igbo – were sent to their early graves tells a story about the perils the Igbo face in corporate Nigeria. I will have to give it to the Igbo: through them God has kept this country together. The Great Zik of Africa did not play ethnic politics as his co-forbears did. Rather he chose the path of a foremost nationalist, by working selflessly for the enthronement of justice, law and order that have seen the country through its most trying times. For those who did not know, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, like Emeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, left his well-paid job in the United States to take up the independence struggle back home. He knew quite well the enormous sacrifices involved, including the risk to his personal security, when he opted to fight for

VITAL NAME OF PERSON The Great Zik of Africa did not play ethnic politics as his co-forbears did. Rather he chose the path of a foremost nationalist, by working selflessly for the enthronement of justice, law and order that have seen the country through its most trying times. Emeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, left his well-paid job in the United States to take up the independence struggle back home. He knew quite well the enormous sacrifices involved, including the risk to his personal security, when he opted to fight for the independence of Nigeria. He worked in concert with other nationalists at great costs to win independence for the country on October 1, 1960

the independence of Nigeria. He worked in concert with other nationalists at great costs to win independence for the country on October 1, 1960. The freedom we enjoy today is attributable to the personal sacrifices these renowned nationalists made. It is, therefore, very worrisome that some armchair critics and political turncoats would be deliberately fanning the embers of hate and ethno-religious sentiments against Igbo, going by the way they talk. I have painfully read a few reports in the media in which some highly-placed Nigerians made scathing remarks about Igbo. These utterances, as malicious and provocative as they seemed, have not yielded any positive feedback from Nigerians. Instead they have attracted to them negative press and animosity. There is no right-thinking Nigerian that has not recognised the detribalised role the Igbo have played in the social, economic and political growth of our great country. From east to west, north to south, Igbo are found in large numbers, contributing their quota to commerce and industry. It is not contestable that Igbo are republican in nature and have never shied away from making their presence felt wherever they live. Their commitment to any cause they are involved in is unparalleled. In fact, one of the reasons they are so maligned and denigrated is because of their unfathomable desire to assert their presence in whatever they do. All over Europe, America and Asia, Igbo are respected and honoured. Whether they are so equally loved is another kettle of fish. Probably, the marginalisation of Igbo can be attributed to their seeming quiet mien and unobtrusive nature. This is definitely what those that chastise them capitalise on. Unknown to some persons, Igbo have whatever it takes to make them known and respected. They have got the population, intellect, candour, energy, wisdom and resources to fight their cause in a lawful and legitimate manner. I have heard some persons advocate that Igbo should take their destiny into their hands and fight for what is rightly theirs. As much as I tend to agree with this viewpoint, it does not detract from the fact that such a pursuit should be done with the interest of the nation at heart. Those that promote division have suddenly forgotten that Igbo had once seceded, when their collective existence was in danger. Dim Chukwuemeka Ojukwu, in his wisdom and courage, decided to lead Biafra to war. Though

the war cost enormous losses in human beings and materials it was worth just and inevitable. No reasonable person will watch while his house is being set on fire and not fight back. Igbo were pushed to the wall, when the pogrom started, and decided to fight back in self-defence. It is true that millions of precious lives were lost in the conflict that followed, but that war corrected certain impressions erroneously held about Igbo. It also elevated their self-worth and integrated them into the mainstream of the nation’s social, economic and political life. It may no longer be fashionable to talk about the Nigerian Civil War nonetheless the import of that war is not totally lost on the stakeholders of the Nigerian nation. What many, however, have failed to appreciate is that the war reunited the nation and increased the space for further negotiation. Those killing, maiming and denigrating Igbo should bear in mind that no amount of intimidation or provocation will make Igbo resort to war again. There are many ways to fight for a cause without necessarily taking up arms. They include; subtle diplomacy, negotiation, and building strong platforms to project your ideas and vision. What Igbo have done since the war ended is to build bridges of friendship across tribes, religions, and races. They have continued to absorb the heat that the system throws up without allowing themselves to be consumed or harmed. They have done this wisely and diligently, bearing one thing in mind: their overall interests. Nonetheless, I am worried by the effrontery of some social critics who regale themselves in tarnishing the image of Igbo and bringing them into disrepute. What rationale was behind the recent upscale in the criticism of Igbo. That these unwarranted criticisms are coming from unusual quarters makes the whole thing unsettling. In any case, the consoling angle to these criticisms is that those that engage in them have never denied the pivotal role Igbo have played in keeping Nigeria united. It has never been in dispute that Igbo love the Nigerian nation tremendously. This can be seen in their huge investments all over the country. And they have consistently done this over the years. The contentious issue of Abandoned Property did not dissuade them from investing in the development of other parts of Nigeria. The beneficiaries of these gargantuan investments are the north and south-west. Take for instance, Mubi in Adamawa State: the town

was completely developed by Igbo. In fact, the St. Andrew’s Catholic Church, Mubi was built and furnished by the sons and daughters of Adazi-Nnukwu resident there, and named after their home parish. This tells an enduring story about the love Igbo have for where they are resident. One could then imagine the agony of the families that lost their dear ones in the massacre that took place in Mubi allegedly carried out by the dreaded Boko Haram sect. I know that the perpetrators of the heinous crime must be regretting ever exerting such a heavy burden on the families of the bereaved who have, since the unfortunate incident, wept and refused to be consoled. I have made several unsuccessful efforts to unravel the main reason behind the killings. The more I think about it, the more pained and confused I become. From what is happening all over Nigeria, it is certain the Igbo are an endangered species. The hawks among the political elite have in recent times made inflammatory statements in the media to cause discontentment and impugn the integrity of Igbo. This is a deliberate ploy to create disquiet among Igbo resident in the north and by that way achieve their selfcentred agenda. What other reason can anybody adduce for these wicked and undesirable vituperations against an innocent people, whose only crime is that they found themselves in a complex and marginally polarised nation. It is not my intention to create any state of uncertainty with this article. My main objective is to put the records straight and in the process call to order those who have vowed to be self-acclaimed enemies of Igbo. Sincerely speaking, I am sorry for these people, because they will fail in the end. They should learn a bitter lesson from those that tried in the past and failed in their plot to destroy the Igbo race. They should also know that a cow that has no tail, its god chases away flies that torment it. This is true of Igbo. Even during the war, the machinations of saboteurs could not stop Biafra from fighting courageously to defend themselves. As a person, I have worked for the peace and unity of this country, and therefore believe strongly in the inseparability of its peoples. Our tongues, religions and races may differ, but we share a common heritage. Nigeria is bigger than any person. But unfortunately, some persons see themselves as either above the law or too myopic to see and believe the truth. ➔ CONTINUES NEXT WEEK MONDAY

What Igbo have done since the war ended is to build bridges of friendship across tribes, religions, and races. They have continued to absorb the heat that the system throws up without allowing themselves to be consumed or harmed. They have done this wisely and diligently, bearing one thing in mind: their overall interests


the nation’s capital

Monday, February 20, 2012 LEADERSHIP

people & events around the FCT

FCTA Charged On Effective Family Planning Advocacy BY CATHERINE AGBO

The Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA), has been advised to ensure effective sensitisation on family planning advocacy and practice for rural and urban poor families in the FCT. The FCT team leader, Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI), Mrs. Salako Adebusola, gave the ad-

vice when she led a team of the organisation on a courtesy visit to the Secretary, FCT Health and Human Services Secretariat, Dr. Demola Onakomaiya, in his office. Adebusola, while briefing the secretary on the activities of the organisation said the vision of NURHI was to ensure a Nigeria where there were no barriers to family planning use, particu-

larly among the poor. She explained that NURHI, created by the Bill and Melinda GATES Foundation, was operating in AMAC and Bwari area councils in collaboration with the FCT Health and Human Services Secretariat. In his remarks, Onakomaiya, who disclosed that only N46 billion budgetary provision had been had been made for health

said it was grossly inadequate, when juxtaposed with the N400 billion requirements for the sector. He commended NURHI for its work in the area of capacity building and called for cooperation from the private sector especially in the area of corporate social responsibility as government alone cannot provide all the required health services for the people.

Kuje Boss Cautions Against Improper Refuse Disposal BY CHIKA MEFOR

FCT Minister, Senator Bala Mohammed

The chairman of Kuje area counci, Mr. Danladi Zhin has cautioned the people of the council against improper disposal of waste. Zhin who was speaking against the backdrop of the forecast by meteorologists that heavy rains should be expected in 2012 said that improper disposal of refuge would result to blockage of drainage systems thereby blocking the passage of water to flow. He said the council would embark on enlightenment campaigns to educate residents on the prediction and allow them have firsthand information of the expected heavy rains for the year. The chairman also said that preparations were set to ensure that drainages were evacuated and expanded and also construct new ones.

AMML Says No Car Part Theft Reported At Wuse Market BY CHIKA MEFOR

Gbagyi traditional dance troupe performing at the flag-off of the 2012 immunisation plus days , held at Gwarinpa General Hospital, at the weekend.


‘Abuja Elite Frustrating Polio Eradication’ BY CATHERINE AGBO


he elite class in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) have been accused of being an impediment to the total eradication of the polio virus in the nation’s capital city. The executive secretary, FCT Primary Health Care development Board, Dr. Rilwanu Mohammed, stated this yesterday, in an interview, after the flag-off of the 2012 immunisation plus days in the FCT. The immunisation exercise which commenced on Saturday will end on Tuesday, February 21.

“Particularly our elite in the FCT are our challenge. They lock their gates and also have dogs and when you get there they will not make their children available to you to immunise them. Our concern is the elite. “Within these four days, we want parents to make their children available for immunisation. Even if the child was immunised before, please bring the child so that we can confirm that the child is safe and we will be sure that we are eradicating polio,” he said. Speaking further, he explained that there were new polio types coming up around the world, and that was why consistent immunisation was

important. “There are different types of polio coming up, type one was the type that was paralytic in nature and type 3 is now coming up in so many places in Nigeria, particularly in Bauchi, Kebbi and Jigawa. There is a need for us to do the immunisation with different types of immunisation reagents to be sure we capture all the three types of polio and we now have a vaccine that covers all. He stressed the need for traditional and religious leaders to be involved in the campaign against polio, insisting that there was no religion that forbade immunisation. Mohammed advised parents to ensure that their chil-

dren are given vitamin A and to also encourage hand washing, especially after using the toilet as 80 to 90 percent of infections could be prevented through hand washing. Minister of the FCT, Senator Bala Mohammed who flagged off the programme, said that even though the FCT had achieved 86 per cent coverage for routine immunisation, there was need to do more. He reiterated the commitment of the administration to the total eradication of polio, saying it had articulated a roadmap for health and immunisation services, which had been captured as an integral part of the maternal and child health services.

The authorities of Abuja Markets Management Limited (AMML) have debunked a media report alleging theft of car parts belonging to shoppers at Wuse Market, saying no such incident had been reported to security operatives in the market. The market management company, in a statement signed by its corporate affairs manager, Innocent Amaechina, and made available to LEADERSHIP, stated that the story must have come from some misguided elements whose mission was ostensibly to present the organisation in bad light before it numerous stakeholders. A newspaper report (not LEADERSHIP), had alleged that a car rim was stolen from a shopper’s car at the market while drinks left in the car were also stolen. But the market managers said that no such thing happened and even wondered how a car rim could be stolen without the tyre and how it could have happened without being reported either to the market managers or the police. “We operate various levels of security at the market which ensure that from the entrance gate through the parking lots to the exit, Motorists are properly guided and their vehicles, closely monitored while they shop and on their way home”, they explained

LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012



Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

photo news 43

Security Men Inspecting the Scene of the Christ Embassy Church Suleja Bomb blast, yesterday. JEREMIAH


Victim of the, Nasiru Yusuf, undergoing treatment at the Suleja General Hospital. PHOTO BY OKOGIE JEREMIAH

Another victim, Morin Kenneth, at the Suleja General Hospital.

Emir of Suleja, Mallam Muhammad Awwal Ibrahim , answering Quations from journalist after the incidence

Chairman of Suleja Local Government, Alhaji Yunusa Adamu, and others inspecting the scene of hte bomb blast, yesterday PHOTO BY OKOGIE JEREMIAH



44 news across the states

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

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Gov Shettima Explains Inauguration Of LG C’ttees

4 Die In a Multiple Road Accident By Evelyn Okoruwa, Abuja

By NAN Governor Kashim Shettima of Borno State yesterday attributed Tuesday’s inauguration of caretaker committees for the 27 local governments in the state to security reasons. Some opposition parties in the state had accused the governor of refusing to conduct elections into the councils for political reasons.

Ex-Militants Protest Exclusion From Amnesty Programme By Edem Edem, Calabar

Bakassi Volunteer Force (BVF), ex-militant group in Bakassi Local Government Area of Cross River State yesterday staged peaceful demonstration in Ikot Nakanda in Akpabuyo local government headquarters protesting their exclusion from the federal government amnesty programme. The protesters numbering over 100 gathered in a primary school at Ikot Nakanda, their temporary base singing songs and displaying placards with various inscriptions.

Governing Council Member of Chartered Institute of Personnel Management of Nigeria , Dr Tayo Haastrup ,Vice Chairman,Board Of Fellows CIPM, Mr Neye Enemigin, Registrar /Chief Executive Officer (CEO), Charterd Institute of Personnel Nigeria, Mr Sunday Adeyemi, and Head of Service of the Federation, Alhaji Isa Bello Sali, during a courtsey visit to the Head of Service by the Governing Council Members of (CIPM), yesterday. PHOTO BY CHRIS DANLADI

HURIWA, Others Urge EFCC To Investigate Civil Society Groups By Ruth Yamta Abuja

Human Rights Writers Association of Nigeria (HURIWA) and a coalition of 18 civil society groups have asked the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) to direct its search light on certain interest groups parading as civil society practitioners but are targeting political office holders in

Cross River State. The call came ahead of the forthcoming poll in the state in which the former governor Liyel Imoke and others are contesting. The coalition led by HURIWA and the AFRI RIGHTS made this known yesterday during a national policy dialogue. HURIWA executive director, Comrade Emmanuel Onwubiko, who chaired the dialogue, said,” we

have decided to stage this national policy dialogue with the theme of reclaiming the civil society community in Nigeria to play the nationalistic and altruistic task of real nation building and the promotion of integrity and service among stakeholders in the organised civil society community in Nigeria”. Also speaking at the national policy dialogue, the publicity sec-

retary of the Conference of Nigerian Political Parties (CNPP) Mr, Osita Okechukwu who was the guest speaker also urged civil society practitioners to always maintain high level of ethical standards in their collective quest to build a new Nigeria in which the respect for the rule of law, the enthronement of transformational democracy and the respect for the human rights of all citizen are guaranteed.

Jail break: Moro Communal Clash: 3 Killed, 2 Missing In Delta Decries State Of These are contained in a pe- Okuno Community, that their By Kola Niyi-Eke Asaba tition written by the counsel to two year old son was missing. Kotonkarfe Prison Otumara Community, BarrisBarrister Ororho stated that

4 persons have been said to die and several others injured in a multiple road crash that occurred along EnuguOnitsha expressway. The accident which occurred yesterday at about 5pm involved a trailer carrying bags of cement and other vehicles. According to an eye witness who gave his name as Ekene, the trailer had a faulty brake. In his words: “I was driving and a noticed a trailer coming behind me with speed.

Lassa Fever Outbreak: 8 People Die In Three persons were feared dead ter (Sir) Hudson Ororho and based on Mrs. Okpanoko’s re- Taraba

BY Christiana Esebonu Abuja

Minister of Interior, Comrade Abba Moro has decried the deplorable condition of the Kotonkarfe prison in Kogi State. He said that it could have been one of the reasons that led to an almost successful jail-break by some hoodlums last week. He described the situation at the prison as a far cry from expected ongoing prison reforms agenda. Located in Kogi state, the prison came under attack last week by yet to be identified gunmen and virtually all the prisoners were set free. Prison officials have however confirmed the re-arrest of some of the escapees. Comrade Moro who stated this during an on-the spot assessment of the extent of damage to the prison also advised security operatives to be more vigilant saying that strategic policing was urgently needed in the country.

and two missing in Otumara community, Idjerhe Kingdom, Ethiope Local Government Area of Delta State. Besides, more than 20 people have reportedly been injured in a communal clash between Okuno and Otumara over a missing two-year old toddler in Otu-mara community, also in Idjerhe Kingdom.

addressed to the State Commissioner of Police, the Commander Joint Task Force (JTF) Effurun and the State Security services (SSS). The petitioner alleged that sometime in February 2012, one Mrs. Beauty Okpanoko (who resides in Otumara village), reported to her husband, Mr. Okpanoko, a native of

port to her husband, Okuno Community sent emissaries to Otumara community asking them to produce the missing boy, to which Otumara community replied that they were not in custody of the missing boy. The reply allegedly prompted youths alleged to be from Okuno, to launch an attack on Otu-

Govs Lobby Youth Minister Over NYSC Posting By John Oba Abuja

The threat by the Minister of Youth Development, Mallam Bolaji Abdullahi that the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) will not post corps members to troubled states has caused the governors of the affected states to lobby the minister for a change of mind.

One of such governors, governor Kashim Shettima of Borno State who visited the minister in his office assured him that his state was now safe for corps members. He disclosed that the situation in Borno State had returned to normalcy and assured that the worst security situation in the state was over.

It would be recalled that the Minister of Youth Development alongside the Director General of the NYSC, Brigadier General Nnamdi Okore-Affia recently in a media briefing warned that no corps member would be posted to any state of the federation where the safety of the corps members cannot be guaranteed by the governor of that state.

By Evelyn Okoruwa Abuja

Eight People have been confirmed dead in Taraba state as a result of lassa fever outbreak. The Commissioner for Health, Mustapha Hamma-Gabdo, said that the Governor of the state was determined to bring the situation under control.

Muslim Clerics Appeal To Boko Haram To Disarm, Dialogue By Chuka Odittah Abuja

The Coalition of Muslim Clerics in Nigeria (CMCN) has called on members of the Boko Haram sect to disarm and embrace peaceful nego-

tiations with President Goodluck Jonathan in order to stop further carnage in parts of northern Nigeria. In a communiqué issued after its inaugural meeting held in Kaduna weekend and made available to LEADERSHIP, the

clerics condemned the wanton loss of lives and property worth billions of naira since the group commenced its attacks. The coalition which consists of six leading Muslim faith groups, Fityanul Islam,

Nigeria Aid Group of Jundullahi, Shababu Rasulliilahi, Northern Muslim Clerics Forum, Islamic Youth League of Nigeria, and the Muslim Preachers’ Forum also called on the nation’s security agencies to save the nation from

an imminent civil strife. The coalition said attacks by the Boko Haram has claimed lives of both Muslims and Christians alike, but stressed that the nation cannot continue to stomach such acts of terror.


LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012

Tanker Drivers Get 72 Hours Ultimatum To Vacate Oshodi-Apapa Expressway BY GEORGE OKOJIE Lagos

The Lagos State Government yesterday issued a 72 hour ultimatum to tanker drivers operating along Oshodi-Apapa Expressway to remove their vehicles from the highway or risk severe sanctions. This is coming on the heels of a fuel tanker explosion that killed three people and razed over 36 vehicles at the ever busy Expressway on Saturday. The state commissioner for transportation, Mr. Kayode Opeifa, and his special duties counterpart, Dr. Wale Ahmed, who dangled the axe after carrying out an on-the-spot assessment of the impact of the accident, said the nefarious activities of tanker drivers was unbecoming. “We hereby, warn all tanker drivers who park along the Oshodi-Apapa Expressway to vacate and relocate into their various tank farms within 72 hours or face severe sanctions.” “We will assist them in removing those vehicles if they so desire. We have also communicated this to the union leaders,” he said.


Detention: PDP Chieftains Want N2bn As Damages BY AHURAKA ISAH, Abuja The Yobe State chairman of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Abbagana Tata and a Senatorial candidate of the party in the 2011 senatorial election, Hassan Kafayos have jointly dragged the Minister of State for Finance, Dr. Yerima Ngama and the Inspector General of Police (IGP) before an Abuja High Court claiming N2 billion as damages for alleged inhuman treatment and unlawful detention for four days. The two chieftains of the Yobe state chapter of the PDP, in a motion on notice, want the court to compel Dr. Ngama and the IGP to unequivocally and publicly apologise to them.

CAN To JNI- We Stand By Oritsejafor BY ISAIAH BENJAMIN Kaduna

The Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN) in the 19 northern states and Abuja restated their stand in support for the CAN President, Pastor Ayo Oritsejafor. This follows a communiqué released at the end of a 3-day retreat recently held in Kaduna by the National Headquarters of the Ja’amatu Nasril Islam (JNI) accusing the Oristejafor of unguarded utterances among oth-

er accusations. A statement signed by the public relations officer of CAN, Sunday Oibe, and made available to LEADERSHIP reads in part, “We make bold to say that the president of CAN speaks the minds of all Christians in Nigeria. Let it be known that the president of CAN speaks for all Christians in Nigeria. No amount of intimidation therefore would deter him from speaking against deliberate provocations from the JNI. Any attack on

the president of CAN, would, accordingly, be regarded as an attack on the Church and its members.” The northern CAN also debunked the assertion that Christians disguise themselves as Muslims to perpetrate acts of terrorism in the country. CAN described the assertion as a divisionary strategy and expressed disappointment with the leadership of JNI for fanning the amber of disunity among the two major religions in the country.

SERAP, Sues Sanusi Over Fuel Subsidy Payment Document BY OMOTOLA OLORUNTOBI Abuja

Two civil society organisations, SocioEconomic Rights and Accountability Project (SERAP) and Women Advocates Research and Documentation Center (WARDC) have sued the governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Sanusi Lamido over “alleged failure to release information and documents on the authorisation by the CBN of over N1.26 trillion as subsidy for 2011.” The suit number FHC/IK/ CS/23//2012 was filed last Thursday at the Federal High Court Ikeja, following a Freedom of Information request by SERAP to Sanusi, dated Jan-

uary 15, 2012. In a statement signed by the executive director of SERAP, Adetokunbo Mumuni, the two civil societies argued that under the FOI Act, they have the right to request for or gain access to information which is in the custody or possession of any public official, agency or institution. The information being sought relates to the spending on fuel ‘subsidy’ in 2011 and in particular, the authorisation of the sum of N1.26 trillion, paid by the CBN. A part of the statement reads, “Since the 1st defendant has failed to provide the information requested by the plaintiffs within the time limit stipulated by the FOI Act, it is therefore submitted

Muslim Clerics Charge Northern Governors Over Boko Haram The Coalition of Muslim Clerics in Nigeria (CMCN) has appealed to the northern state governments to face the reality and stop pretending that Boko Haram was a faceless group.

L-R: The publicity secrertatary for Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) Mr Moses Agba; acting Nationnal Chairman, Alhaji Abdullahi Jimoh, and acting National Secretary, Mr Chidi Oliver, during a press conference on the Cross River State governorship election, in Abuja, yesterday. PHOTO BY CHRIS DANLADI

that he has, by that very fact, refused to give the plaintiffs access to the information requested for. Furthermore, the power or discretion to refuse to give access to information requested for cannot be exercised in vacuo. Such a power or discretion must be provided for by the FOI Act itself.” The group is also seeking “A declaration that the issuance and release of the sum of N1.26 trillion above the initial sum of N250 billion allocated for fuel subsidy for 2011 without authorisation by an Act of the National Assembly to wit; a Supplementary Appropriation Act, is a breach of section 80(2), (3) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and as such is unlawful and unconstitutional.


The clerics have also called on members of the Boko Haram sect to disarm, embrace peace and leverage on President Goodluck Jonathan’s offer to dialogue with them to end the current security challenges in the country. This was contained in a communiqué issued after its inaugural meeting held in Kaduna on Saturday, jointly signed by its coordinator, Dr. Ramalam Muhammad and secretary, Alhaji Sadeeq Abdulaziz. It noted that the various attacks unleashed by the sect had claimed several lives of both Muslims and Christians and said it was high time northern governors networked to handle the crisis head long, as no meaningful development could be achieved with this threat to nationhood. The coalition in the communiqué also condemned in totality, the wanton loss of innocent souls and property worth billions of naira since the siege gathered momentum, and called on the nation’s security agencies to save the country from imminent civil strife. The Coalition which consists of executives of six Muslim faith groups namely; fityanul Islam; Nigeria Aid Group of Jundullahi; Shababu Rasulliilahi; Northern Muslim Clerics Forum; Islamic Youth League of Nigeria and Muslim Preachers’ Forum, also called on traditional rulers and elder statesmen from the northern part of the country to actively involve themselves in the peace initiative of the federal government.


Katsina Spends N2bn On Mosques, Islamic Schools BY MUAZU ELAZEH, Katsina Katsina State government has spent over N2 billion on the construction of mosques and Islammiya schools across the state. The special adviser to the governor on community development, Alhaji Bindawa stated this at an occasion organised to commemorate the birth of Prophet Muhammad, by an Islamic sect in the state. Bindawa noted that the amount was expended in the last four years. He disclosed that the state government had earmarked N150 million to host the 2012 edition of the National Quranic competition.

Fashola To Increase Pay Of Sweepers BY GEORGE OKOJIE Lagos

Given the vulnerability of street sweepers to hazards and road accidents, Lagos State Governor, Babatunde Fashola, yesterday said plans are in the offing by his administration to increase the salary of street sweepers in the state. This was just as he also promised to look into their health and insurance cover in the course of their service to the state. Fashola, who spoke at a forum with over 10,000 street sweepers, held at the Onikan Stadium, Lagos, urged the sweepers to rise up to the new challenge and demand of keeping the state clean, saying the benefits for their services were numerous. While responding to questions and requests made by the sweepers on issues bothering mainly on their welfare, the governor revealed that he had already approved for a pay increase for the them as well as other special bonuses. He hinted that the commencement would only take effect if he sees improved performance from the sweepers, pointing out that he never made the promise of paying the sweepers N18,000 minimum wage.

46 news across the states Jigawa LG Poll: PDP Sweeps All

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

Katsina Police Ban Use Of Motorcycles At Night

By Muh’d Zangina, Kura

By Muazu Elazeh, Katsina

The result of last Saturday’s local government council election conducted in Jigawa State has been released with the ruling People Democratic Party (PDP) winning all the seats contested. Announcing the results of the election, the chairman of the State Independent Electoral Commission, Alhaji Muhammed Sani Ahmed, said all the 27 local government chairman and 300 ward councilor slots were won by People Democratic Party (PDP) candidates. According to him, 26 political parties contested in to the election and the commission treated all the polities with mutual equality devoid of selfish or partiality. He noted that the election was conducted peacefully and in a free and fair manner and that no report of election malpractice or violence was recorded during the exercise. The commission also issued the Certificate of Return to all candidates who won their elections. Meanwhile, the state governor, Alhaji Sule Lamido will today swear in the newly elected local government chairmen who will serve for 2 years in accordance with the state local government’s Electoral Act. LEADERSHIP observed that the election was conducted peacefully even though there was low turn-out of voters while major opposition parties like ACN, ANPP boycotted it and CPC fielded only two candidates for councillorship.

As part of efforts to ensure that adequate measures are put in place to address crime wave in the state, the Katsina State Police Command has outlawed the use of motorcycles within the state beyond 10 pm.

Gov Shame

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Jonathan Has Delivered 88% Of Promises To Workers – Wogu BY MOSES JOHN, Abuja Minister of Labour and Productivity, Emeka Wogu, has stated that enhanced welfare of the Nigerian workers is a major trust of the present administration of President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan.

Police Public Relations officer, ASP Ibrahim Abubakar Mohammed, who confirmed the ban to newsmen, said the measure was occasioned by the current security challenges and the rising cases of crime across the country. While assuring that the command would adopt necessary measures to ensure strict compliance to the ban, the police spokesman

urged residents to provide the command with useful information about criminals. Our correspondent reports that there had been widespread reports of armed robbery in the state with the recent being raiding of a shop in Dutsinma town where monies and valuables amounting to six million naira were allegedly carted away.

Nigerian Governors Stymie LGs’ Independence –NULGE President By Salisu Ibrahim, Kano

President of the National Union of Local Government Employees (NULGE), Alhaji Ibrahim Khaleel, has accused state governors of being the major stumbling block to the attainment of local governments’ independence as a tier of government in the country. Khaleel said the governors stop local government councils’ from having reasonable progress and development by always blocking them from becoming truly independent and wielding their powers as chief executives of their respective states. This he said was due to the too much power vested on them (governors). Answering questions from reporters in Kano yesterday on the union’s upcoming national special delegates’ conference slated

to take place in Edo State next month, Khaleel said governors “no longer respect constitution and are more dictatorial than military administrators as whatever they say is final. It is regrettable that elected governors are more dictatorial than military governors who always listen to their people”. He said the essence of local government administration in the country was to bring government closer to the grassroots but pointed out that the 1999 constitution which gave governors a window to retard the local system by refusing to give it the free hand to operate must be reviewed. He also expressed concern that while state assemblies are supposed to checkmate the governors, they have equally regrettably taken sides with them even though they are supposed to be part of the local government ad-

Estate Developers Support FG’s Agenda On Housing By Omotola Oloruntobi, Abuja The Real Estate Developers Association of Nigeria, REDAN, has thrown its weight behind the agenda of the present administration to provide one million housing units yearly. Speaking at the weekend after his re-election, the president of REDAN, Olabode Afolayan, said the association had in the past three years proven that they are a force to be reckoned with in the building sector. “Activities in REDAN are a continuous engagement. We will continue from where we stopped. The last three years was marked with purposeful and transformational leadership. As far as the built industry maybe concerned, we are a force to be reckoned with. REDAN is one of the largest employers of labour in Nigeria, including the professional organisation. Now, it is for us to actually align ourselves with the transformational agenda of Mr. President of delivering of one million units of housing each year,” he said.

ministration that help in stopping the injustice being done to local governments. Khaleel said there must be democracy at local government level all over the federation, saying the current trend whereby governors appoint caretakers, sole administrators or interim management officers for local government instead of allowing for proper election to take place after winning lawmakers over must be totally discouraged if truly Nigeria is to practice democracy. He described as cheating, the “sundry deductions and the socalled local government joint account” which he said most governors use to “short-change” their council areas, adding that elections for councils’ leaders must hold and all allocations meant for local governments must be given to the councils directly in order to transform the life of rural populace.

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Fuel Subsidy Investigation: ‘House Will Not Compromise’ By Muh’d Zangina Kura, Dutse The chairman of the House Committee on Defence, Hon Bashir Adamu Jumbo, has described the current leadership of the National Assembly as people oriented and therefore, no amount of pressure or intimidation that can force them to go against the collective interest of Nigerians or compromise with house principles.

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Rights Commission Sets Up Human Right Institute

By Ruth Yamta, Abuja

National Human Rights commission is to establish a Human Rights Institute as a special centre for research, training and human rights education. The executive secretary, Prof Bem Angwe made this statement while receiving a delegation from Amnesty International on an official visit to the commission. According to Angwe,’’the centre, when fully operational, will be a citadel of academic programmes in the field of human rights and related areas. Going further, he added that preliminary work on the proposed institute had started and given the dynamic nature of human rights, the institute will support government in formulating and developing policies that relate to the promotion and protection of human rights in Nigeria.

Oil Spill: NOSDRA Seeks NASS Support To Sanction Offenders By Omotola Oloruntobi, abuja The National Oil Spill Detection Response Agency (NOSDRA) has called on the National Assembly to strengthen the existing law on oil spillage in Nigeria to enable it deal effectively with all issues of spills in the country. Speaking with journalists on the recent Chevron Nigeria Limited oil spillage, NOSDRA director general, Sir Peter Irabor, stated that the existing enabling laws on spills do not specify appropriate sanctions for oil companies involved in oil spillage. It would be recalled that Chevron Nigeria Limited, operating an NNPC/CNL Joint Venture, had during an exploratory gas well drilling, in January 16,2012 resulted in an explosion on a drilling rig KS Endeavour. He said that the agency has sent proposal to the National Assembly for the amendment on the enabling law setting up NOSDRA with a view to giving it the needed power to come down hard on oil companies operating in the country whenever they operate in breach.


LEADERSHIP Monday, February 20, 2012

politics today

Group Politics Editor: Francis Agbo

Obasanjo/Okupe War: Who Blinks First? Former Presidential spokesman, Dr. Doyin Okupe, took his former boss, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, to the cleaners recently, describing him as a political liability to the Ogun State chapter of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). Although the populace might be taken aback with the new development, those who know better disclosed that there are more to the issue than meets the eye. BAYO OLADEJI reports.

Doyin was fired by Obasanjo for alleged sharp practices and again when Doyin wanted to become the governor of the state in 2003, the former President used the state power to stop him and this led to the emergence of Daniel who defected to the PDP from the Alliance for Democracy (AD) which is now ACN. So if you ask me, I would tell you that was the source of their conflict and again, since his removal from the State House, Doyin has not succeeded in getting any appointment


hat President Olusegun Obasanjo and his erstwhile spokesman, Doyin Okupe, are not in good terms had been in the realm of speculation until the latter gave the former a mortal blow describing him as a political liability and warns the stakeholders to rescue the strife-torn Ogun State chapter of People’s Democratic Party (PDP) from the former president before he snuffs life out of it. According to reports, the former Special Adviser on Media and Publicity to Obasanjo between 1999 and 2003, gave the mortal blow while speaking at a political meeting held at Ijebu Igbo by a faction of the PDP led by Prince Buruji Kashamu. He declared: “Obasanjo is our leader. We have a lot of respect for him; we are proud of his achievements. But politically, he has erred; that’s the truth. Politically, he has erred and his style of leadership is not such that will develop the party. We do not want this party to die. Some of us were in this party before Obasanjo came. So, we are not going to allow it to die. But if we go the way they are leading us, the party will die. So, it’s a rescue mission.” Speaking further, Doyin said: “I will be honest with you; the chairman of the BOT is not a small person in any political party. Obasanjo is the chairman of the BOT; so you cannot rough-ride over him anyhow, even if his demands are undemocratic or unreasonable. Still, they (party members) have to be very careful. He is our natural leader here in Ogun State. Like they say in Yoruba, we can’t look him in the eye. We just feel that what is right should be done, irrespective of who is doing the wrong thing. If we cannot do that, then we are not worthy of the leadership positions we occupy. That is the only basis of our disagreement.” He disclosed that the Ogun PDP was factionalised into three unequal units – Kashamu’s group, Obasanjo’s group and what remains of former Governor Gbenga Daniel’s group. According to him, “Kashamu is the largest of the units; in fact, the mainstream.” Okupe said the formation of the Transition, Reconciliation and Congress Committee (TRCC), headed by Chief Bode Mustapha, by the National Vice-Chairman of the party in the South-West, Alhaji Tajudeen Oladipo, was wrong and divisive.

He alleged that the TRCC was an illegal body conscripted to usurp the legitimate roles of the Dayo Soremiled Exco of the party by Obasanjo’s minority group. He said, “We just don’t feel that it is right for the minority to be tyrannical over a majority. That is why we went to court. The court has re-emphasised our position that our Exco is the legitimate exco. “Whatever illegal contraption that was conceived by the Southwest leadership – what Transition, Reconciliation and Congresses Committee (TRCC) only exists in the South-West; it doesn’t exist elsewhere. This TRCC is just a device to usurp the constitutional authority from legitimately elected leaders. That is undemocratic and is not right.” But in a swift reaction, the running mate of the PDP’s governorship candidate in last year’s elections, Mr. Tunde Oladunjoye, also took Okupe to the cleaners for daring to move against Obasanjo. Oladunjoye, a former Chairman of Ijebu East Local Government, said Okupe had shown his true colours as a “political jobber and office seeker.” In a statement, Oladunjoye said, “It is regrettable that Chief Okupe, a trained doctor, has not practised for over 20 years, but rather, he is relying solely on hustling, political appointments and patronages. This explains his new role of devil’s advocate. I urge him to take Obasanjo’s advice that a politician must have a second address and not rely solely on politics for livelihood. Obasanjo is not a state leader, but a national leader in the PDP, and the Chairman, Board of Trustees. As such, Okupe’s unguided blackmail and political venom against the Balogun of Owu Kingdom will not work.” Oladunjoye said, the ‘acting leader’ title conferred on Okupe is not only laughable; it underscores the desperation of the group and the ignorance of its chief promoter, who is a trader, rather than a politician. It confirms the public knowledge that Okupe has no political base and is in search of relevance and financial salvation. The title of ‘acting leader’ is unknown to the PDP’s constitution at all strata. The established practice is that at the state level, the governor or former governor is the leader of the party. Where the party has no governor or former governor, the lead-


ership caucus of the party meets to decide who the leader will be. This was done last June in Abeokuta and Gen. Adetunji Olurin (rtd) was unanimously appointed as the leader of the party, with Okupe and Kashamu in attendance. “Attempting to contest the leadership of the party with Olurin is like a comical show of a dwarf attempting to rub shoulders with a six-footer.” From all indications, things are no longer at ease with the Ogun state chapter of the PDP and nobody could say when the storm which began in the wake of the PDP primaries that were held before the last general election would calm. Although the Obasanjo faction had its way while the other faction led by Daniel and the third faction lost out, all efforts to reconcile them have remained a colossal exercise in futility. It was the internal squabbles that gave the state to the opposition, Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), just as it happened in the neighbouring states of Oyo and Osun states. Obasanjo wanted his crony and former military governor of the old Oyo State, Olurin, as the successor to Daniel who in turn wanted one of his own instead. All efforts to reconcile the warring factions were fruitless and the then governor moved to the PPN with his own supporters although the party made some inroads into the state but the impact was not strong enough to stop the ACN train from over-running them. The PDP suffered untold humiliation in the last general election in the SouthWest as it performed woefully in all the elections except in the Presidential poll which saw President Goodluck Jonathan defeat all other candidates in all the six states in the zone except Osun. And to compound problem for the party, the position of the Speaker of the House of Rep-


resentatives, which was zoned to the area, was snatched away by the ‘rebels’ in the House, who elected Hon. Aminu Tambwal instead. The dismal performance of the party led to the emergence of some antiObasanjo forces who were accusing the former President of being responsible for the poor outing. Those in this league include but not limited to former National Vice- Chairman of the party in the zone, Alhaji Shuaibu Oyedokun, former governor of Oyo state, Alhaji Rasheed Ladoja, Doyin Okupe, and Daniel. This group even floated a kite, claiming Obasanjo had resolved to quit partisan politics. However, the body language of the former President faulted the claim. The anti-Obasanjo camp accused him of imposing his cronies on the party in the last election citing the automatic ticket given to the former governors to run for the election when it was apparently clear to all and sundry that those former governors were failure during their first term. They also accused Obasanjo of being insensitive to the agitation of the stakeholders in the zone and another ‘sin’ of Obasanjo was that he single-handedly picked all the ministerial slots for the zone and most of them are non-party members. One of them, who is the current Minister of Trade and Investment, Dr. Olusegun Aganga, is said to hail from Edo state. Some even accused him of wasting the South West shot at the Presidency as a result of poor performance at the expense of the zone, citing the poor state of federal roads in the area. The Lagos-Ibadan Expressway has remained a death trap and the efforts to repair it after the era of Obasanjo have not succeeded. Few days ago, the ACN/LP governors in the zone resolved to repair the road including

DOYIN OKUPE We just don’t feel that it is right for the minority to be tyrannical over a majority. That is why we went to court. The court has re-emphasised our position that our Exco is the legitimate exco. Whatever illegal contraption that was conceived by the Southwest leadership – what Transition, Reconciliation and Congresses Committee (TRCC) only exists in the SouthWest; it doesn’t exist elsewhere. This TRCC is just a device to usurp the constitutional authority from legitimately elected leaders. That is undemocratic and is not right



Monday, February 20, 2012 LEADERSHIP

Why PDP Is The Winning Party In Sokoto – Yelwa Alhaji Abdullahi Yelwa is a leader of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in the Sokoto, Kebbi axis. He was a two-time commissioner in Kebbi State and had served in different committees of the party at the national level. In this interview with journalists, he insists that the PDP will retain power in Sokoto State by winning the February 18 governorship election. STANLEY NKWOCHA was there for LEADERSHIP.

We in the PDP are not worried with that because anybody who understands the reality on the ground, knows that Bafarawa doesn’t have the capacity any longer to threaten the existing government


The Sokoto State governorship election comes up on February 18. As a leader of the PDP in the Sokoto, Kebbi axis, what would you say are the chances of party? The chances of the PDP in the forthcoming Sokoto State election are bright because Sokoto State is PDP state. You remember that the PDP in Sokoto and Kebbi constitute an amalgamation of the old PDP and ANPP. So there is really no other party in Sokoto to threaten in any significant manner the electoral prospect for Governor Magartakarda Wamakko. This is clear at party level. At personal level, Wamakko has endeared himself to the people of Sokoto State throughout his tenure because of his composure, kindness, tenacity as a leader and his capacity to reconcile people of different persuasions. He has emerged as a leader not only to the people of Sokoto State but the North West. He has also emerged as a political leader, not only for Sokoto State but for all of us. I have no iota of doubt that by God’s willing, he will emerge victorious on Saturday. In 2007, the then governor Attahiru Bafarawa was on his way out and he was contesting presidency. People said he did not have time to prepare his successor. Now that the same man is out of the presidential race and is back to the ANPP and seems to be leading it, don’t you see him as threat to PDP? We in the PDP are not worried with that because anybody who understands the reality on the ground, knows that Bafarawa doesn’t have the capacity any longer to threaten the existing government. Don’t forget, he lost even while he was a serving governor and what is left of the ANPP he has returned to and the DPP he created are so inconsequential politically for it to pose any threat to such a force that Wamakko represents. There appears to be a convergence of opinion in the politics of Sokoto today that he(Wamakko) deserves another chance and nothing should be done to upset the cat


and that is why all the political leaders are solidly behind him, not only the PDP but including other parties who are quietly working for him because for reasons of politics, they wouldn’t want to come out to say they are working for other parties other than their own. But it is perhaps an agreement within the political elite that nothing should be done to truncate the pattern of development which Wamakko government had set up. So, I am not scared that there is any political leader today in Sokoto that can threaten Wamakko and anybody who has been watching the campaign will tell you that this is the case. But the PDP in the state appears divided? Yes, and like any political observer will tell you, even in the South West as much as in the East, PDP has always been its own enemy. There is no way you can satisfy everybody. But the PDP unlike every other party is a party that is owned by the people

not by one political master. It has always been easier to reconcile. Look at what happened in Adamawa recently, you remember the president was there and there are political leaders who were not too much in good terms with the governor but because of the appearance of Mr. President and the determination of political leaders to win the state, the election has been won. But that is not even the case in Sokoto, people aired their opinion, everybody in PDP to my understanding and knowledge is working towards a victory because a victory for Wamakko is not only a victory for him only as a person. It is for the PDP to continue to administer the state and this is what every PDP member would want to see achieved because Sokoto is essentially a PDP state. What has been done to resolve the differences among the members? Politics is a process of negotiation, what I can tell you for sure is that every political leader in PDP knows and believe that the PDP must return to power in Sokoto State. There is always opportunity to reconcile further in PDP and everybody who knows the governor will tell you he is a man who has done so much to reconcile and the things that were said before the primaries were said in the process of influencing political opinion. They don’t represent facts on the ground but people in SokotoState see Wamakko as a grassroots man and in politics in our part of the country, that is essential. It is not enough for you to build infrastructure, you must also relate with the people at the grassroots. These are essentially proud people because of their religion and other things. It is not just about dividends of democracy in terms of infrastructure and other services but also in how you relate. In Islam, a leader is a servant, you are there to serve your own people. I am sure in modern democracy, this is the intention. You are given power and you are holding it in trust for the people who elected you. This seems to be his own strategy and that is why he is easily accepted as everybody’s candidate. His critics raise the issue of performance, what do you say about that? Those issues must not be taken out of context. Suddenly, we are talking about performance at the time the primaries was at the corner. But for the four years he governed, people did not say he has not performed and the evidence is there. The fact that he has lived peacefully with people, he has done a lot in terms of urban development, he has touched rural settlements, he dealt with one of the most complex issues of ru-

ral life during the flood in Sokoto State, the state had the best system of resettling its own people. Now, the state has built a university, there is a power project which if completed would provide power supply for the state. Teachers are better paid, the schools are rebuilt. I can tell you that we have seen doctors from Zamfara and Kebbi states taking up employment in Sokoto because the pay is better. In politics, you cannot stop opponents from raking up troubles especially when they think it could serve their causes. Besides the acceptance of Alhaji Wamakko in the state, how do you see the relationship with the PDP at the national level because the division that rocked the party ahead of the primaries was said to have emanated from the national level? The party at the national level is solid, they are totally in support. You saw the list of those leading the campaign. The President, the Vice President, the National leadership of the party and others were in Sokoto for the commencement of the campaign. The party was very clear even after the court judgment that Wamakko remains the party’s candidate and the party had no reasons to field a different person because it has provided a level playing field for all the contestants and the contest was free and fair and the whole gamut of processes were followed. Everybody knows that the national leaders of the party are totally in support of Wamakko. I read in the newspapers that the acting governor, the speaker was quoted as saying he was eager to see Wamakko return to office. That tells you that it is a government that is united. I am sure you have not heard this said in other states where this kind of arrangement took place. That tells you that if he hadn’t live peacefully with the speaker, the speaker wouldn’t say that and the acting governor is playing a critical role in the campaign. Don’t you think the opposition parties will read this as undue partisanship and that there may not be a level playing field for them in the election? I don’t know what they would have said if the governor had remained in office to contest the election as a candidate because you cannot deny the governor or acting governor the right to play a partisan role. He is a political leader too, he doesn’t conduct the election, INEC conducts the election. He is the governor for everybody but a member of the PDP and when there are party issues, he must take part as a party man and that is not to say he is not going to provide a level playing ground for everybody in Sokoto State. I am hopeful that Wamakko will win his re-election by a very wide margin.

Obasanjo/Okupe War: Who Blinks First? the Ore-Benin road. But if most of the anti-Obasanjo forces have problems with him as a result of the last general election and the alleged neglect of the zone while he was the President, that of Okupe, according to an insider’s account, was dated to the first term when Okupe was the spokesman for Obasanjo. “Doyin was fired by Obasanjo for al-

leged sharp practices and again when Doyin wanted to become the governor of the state in 2003, the former President used the state power to stop him and this led to the emergence of Daniel who defected to the PDP from the Alliance for Democracy (AD) which is now Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN). So if you ask me, I would tell you that was the source of their

conflict and again, since his removal from the State House, Doyin has not succeeded in getting any appointment at the Federal level and Doyin sees Obasanjo as the mastermind of his political stagnation,” a party chieftain, who sought for anonymity, disclosed. One thing is crystal clear, unless miracle happens, the crack on the PDP wall in

the South West would come into the open once another general election is approaching. In fact, the choice of the next National Secretary of the PDP zoned to South West might be taken away in March during the coming PDP Convention. There are so many aspirants for the office but Obasanjo’s choice is his former Education Minister, Prof Tunde Adeniran.


Leadership Monday, February 20 PUBLIC NOTICE




The general public is hereby notified that the above named council has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.

The general public is hereby notified that the above named council has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.

THE TRUSTEES ARE 1 Ambassador Sule Buba 2 Alhaji Yahaya Ali Amfani 3 Chief S A Afegbua 4 Honourable Abubakar D Umar 5 Malam Shuaibu Khalilu


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. General consultencies service, Education,Health,Workshop,Community Radio,Security,Youth 2.Training,Seminars,Research,Publications,Agriculture,Religeous activities,Elections and Community Orientation. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED Malam Shu’aibu Khalilu For the Samaru Community Council



The general public is hereby notified that the above named foundation has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.




demdap adiwu foundation

The general public is hereby notified that the above named foundation has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.


1. paul adiwu


2. deborah adiwu AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To help the needy and the less privileged in the society.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To provid free medical treatment for common communicable and non communicable diseases prevelent in our environment. 2.To provide free surgical treatment (operations) for common surgical problems.

Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED mr. paul adiwu

Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED dr. Ogwuche edwin iduh


bridge of destiny foundation international ministry

The general public is hereby notified that the above named ministry has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.


1. vincent elumwen osunde 2. ubani monday onyekachi 3. onumide babatunde 4. charles eyituoyo eda 5. emankhu joshua jones 6. ikopnmwosa obazee 7. naomi ehumwenma obazee


bukuma youths organisation

The general public is hereby notified that the above named organization has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.


1. kingsly dawari 2. mr. williams obufa 3. mr. lucky miller 4. chief victor uwajeh AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

1. To develop or initiate a sense of belonging among all the youths in the community for meaningful development programmes. 2. To accord respect, and promote love among youths, elders, C.D.C. women and the council of chiefs. 3. To ensure that law and order is maintained in the community with full consulation and assistance from the C.D.C and the council of chiefs. 4. To laise with HRH, council of chiefs, elders C.D.C women to enhance the speedy development of the community. 5. To obey all laws in the community Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED secretary

SIGNED adesina oluwakemi (08062509229)

SIGNED secretary

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To propagate the teaching of Islam.


olusanjo kehinde adegboye memoral education foundation

The general public is hereby notified that the above named foundation has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.


1. mrs. oluwakemi ayodele adegboye 2. mr. olatunde adegboye 3. mr. ayodele pemi 4. mr. biodun adeyemi 5. barr. mrs. abimbola coker AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To assist the indigent students in the pursuit of their education. 2. To take care of widows and orphans. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.


1. evangelism, preaching, teaching& training.


green planets solutions initiative

The general public is hereby notified that the above named association has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.

The general public is hereby notified that the above named initiative has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.



1. mr. osita onumonu 2. mr. henry mojekwu 3. dr. martin enebeli 4. engr. ladi ashogbon 5. mr. obruthe onome 6. mr. oladele olabisi

1. victor okorie 2. felicia victor okorie 3. george okorie 4. brigitte baudauf

president secretary


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To promote the welfare of members. 2. Charity works and support programms. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

1. To promote the importance of green planets as solution to global warming. 2. To contribute to a healthy society. 3. To promote a sistainable green environment. . Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED adewole adebayo & co. glory onenzakka esq 08030838025

SIGNED secretary

SIGNED barr. gbenga adesina




marine oil traders association of nigeria


adeyemi memorial children home


muslim progressive society of nigeria

The general public is hereby notified that the above named ministry has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.

The general Public is hereby notified that the above named home has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission Abuja for registration under part “C” of the Companies and Allied Matters act No. 1 of 1990.

The general public is hereby notified that the above named society has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.




1. To preach the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ to all nations of the world at large. 2. To set the captives free from bondage bring healing and deliverance to people. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

1. To provide shelter for the motherless children in the society. 2. To cater for the less privileged in the society.




1. mr. adewunmi ogunsanya 2. miss adebasola ogunsanya


3. mr. fuad ogunsanya 4. miss fadekemi ogunsanya 5. mrs. olayemi idris animashaun

1. alh. musiliudeen oniyide adelakun founder 2. ustas abdul razaq olabiyi missioner member 3. alufa akeeb adebowale 4. alufa fatai olajide member AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

6. mr. odunlami kola daisi THE aims and objectives are:


1. To propagate the teachings of Islam among musllim community.. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED alh. musiliudeen oniyide adelakun founder 08038560919

Signed: secretary


christ episode ministry int’l




The general public is hereby notified that the above named church has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.






1. pastor oghene ejire samson sidine german - president


2. mrs. awhotu esther german


3. mr. agofure joseph evuetaphan 4. mr. joseph aniyan 5. mr. shadrack jetevu

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. To preach the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ to all nation of the world. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED barr. kehinde 08060815496






Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership PUBLIC NOTICE
































TRUSTEES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.


AIMS AND OBJECTIVES TO FIND THE LOST AND DISCIPLE THE FOUND THROUGH THE PREACHING AND TEACHING OF THE BIBLE. Any objection to this REGISTRATION should be forwarded to the Registrar-General. Corporate Affairs Commission, 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguyi Ironsi Street. PMB 198, Matiama, Abuja within 28th days from the date of publication.





TRUSTEES: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.




Any objection to this REGISTRATION should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral. Corporate Affairs Commission, 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguyi Ironsi Street. PMB 198, Matiama, Abuja within 28th days from the date of publication. SIGNED: RICH-BENISON LAW FIRM SIUTE A 46 AREA 11 SHOPPING MALL AMHADU BELLO WAY, GARKI ABUJA. 08066317649, 08127340620


This is to inform the general public that the original copy of Right of Occupancy with plot No. 3206, with file No. AD 20229 Cadastral zone F01 belonging to Lami Abduraham, got missing. All efforts made to trace the said documents proved abortive. If found, please contact the nearest Police Station or AGIS. The general public to please take note. CHANGE OF NAME


I, formerly known as miss W I LL I AMS OL U WAKEM I GLOR I A n o w w i s h t o b e k n o w n a s MRS AWOLES I OL U WAKEM I GLOR I A . A l l former documents remain valid. General public please take note.

I, formerly known as DARE SYLV ES T ER OME N EME N now wish to be known as AG H E D O SYL V ES T ER OME N EME N . A l l f o r m e r documents remain valid. General public please take note.

LOSS OF DOCUMENT This is to inform the general public aand AGIS Abuja in particular of the loss of the Original Offer of Terms of Grant/Conveyance of Approval with Ref. No. MFCT/LA/RV.1040 dated 12/2/1998 in respect of plot No. 652 Measuring about 1,100smq located within Dakibiyu District Abuja, bearing Dr. Christian Saro Simeon N. All efforts made to trace the the missing documents proved abortive. If found, please report to the nearest Police Station or call 08081216666/08056473158. The general public to please take note.

This is to inform the general public that the original offer of Statutory Right of Occupancy with plot No. 736 of about 10,000sqm located at Kurudu layout, belonging to Mamudu A. Leonard of No. 20,3rd marine gate Warri Delta State is missing. All efforts made to trace the said documents proved abortive. If found, please contact the nearest Police Station ,AGIS, FCTA and the general public to please take note.



This is to notify the general public of the loss of Primary School Certificate, WAEC Certificate , National Diploma, Higher National Diploma Result, Certificate of Incorporation, Article of Memorandum, GTB Cheque book, NYSC Exemption, Bayero University Admission letter, declaration of age document, indigene certificate, power of attorney belonging to Unity Bank quarters, Kubwa, two (2) copies of land offer and their deeds of assignments, and car particulars. All efforts made to trace the original Copies of the missing documents proved abortive. If found, please return to UMAR KABIR of flat 1 block 212 Unity Bank quarter, Kubwa, Abuja or the nearest Police Station. The general public to please take note.


eagles royal assembly

The general public is hereby notified that the above named assembly has applied to the Corporate Affairs Commission for registration under part “C” of the companies and allied matters Act no 1 of 1990.


1. frank okoye 2. patricia okoye 3. david frank 4. rejoice frank AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 1. Revalidation to preach the gospel. Any objection to this registration should be forwarded to the RegistrarGeneral, Corporate Affairs Commission, Plot 420, Tigris Crescent, Off Aguiyi Ironsi Street, Maitama, Abuja within 28 days of this publication.

SIGNED barr. ishenyi theodore chidi g fodile okafor san company (08037158948)





I, formerly known as SHONIYI ABIMBOLA SHEU now wish to be known as OLUWANIYI AB I MBOLA SAM U EL . A l l former documents remain valid. General public please take note.

I, formerly known as PAUL CHUKWUMA NWAZULU now wish to be known as PAUL CHUKWUMA GODFREY. All former documents remain valid. General public please take note.

I, formerly known as miss MAR I A OKA C H E E H I n o w wish to be known as mrs MARIA SLATER UDAM. All former documents remain valid, General public please take note.

I, formerly known as miss q u e e nd a l in e n k e chi chukwu now wish to be known as mrs queendaline nkechi ud e f i . A l l f o r m e r d o c u m e n t s remain valid. Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria General public please take note.






I, formerly known as miss pa dita a d a k u n k a n k a now wish to be known as mrs padita adaku agu. All former documents remain valid, General public please take note.

I formerly known as miss Ed o way e O l a r e wa ju , now wish to be known as mrs Ed o way e Ed o s o m wa m . All former documents remain valid.General public please take note.

I, formerly known as miss Anj o r in A b i m b o l a victoria now wish to be known as mrs olubowale Abimbola victoria. All former documents remain valid. General public please take note.

I, formerly known as miss D i b i a Edith U ch e n o w wish to be known as mrs Onunkwo Dibia Chinwe M a x iu s . A l l f o r m e r documents remain valid. General public please take note.

I, formerly known as miss m e r c y g a m b o h a r un a now wish to be known as mrs m e r c y g a m b o m aya k i . All former documents remain valid, General public please take note.

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Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

Bobby Brown Leaves Houston Funeral After Spat


inger Bobby Brown made a brief and dramatic appearance at ex-wife Whitney Houston’s memorial service Saturday, leaving abruptly after being told that his entourage couldn’t sit together, police sources told CNN. Brown accused security of treating his family badly and barring him from visiting with his daughter, an account that Houston’s family vehemently denied, according to a family friend. Brown was seen arriving with several people and had sat down in the front row of a section marked off for family, before being asked to move. Brown had entered the church with other mourners, separate from Houston’s family. He appeared emotionally distraught, with red eyes and head hanging as he walked up the aisle of the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, New Jersey. He approached Houston’s casket, passed it and went back down the aisle. Ultimately, he left the church. Security workers appeared to ask others, including celebrities and government officials, to also change seats to make room for everyone. “My children and I were invited to the funeral of my ex-wife Whitney Houston,” Brown later said in a statement. “We were seated by security and then subsequent-

Bobby Brown, left, outside the funeral of his ex-wife, Whitney Houston. Brown later left abruptly.

ly asked to move on three separate occasions. I fail to understand why security treated my family this way and continued to ask us and no one else to move. Security then prevented me from attempting to see my daughter Bobbi Kristina. “In light of the events, I gave a kiss to the casket of my ex-wife and departed as

I refused to create a scene. ... I will continue to pay my respects to my ex-wife the best way I know how,” the statement said. Brown was expected to attend with two guests but showed up with 10 people, a close friend of the Houston family told CNN on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.

Foreign news 51 20 Die In Mexico’s Prison Riot A prison riot in northern Mexico left about 20 people dead early yesterday, according to a security official. Nuevo Leon state public security spokesman Jorge Domene Zambrano, told Milenio television that the riot broke out at about 2 a.m. at a prison in the city of Apodaca outside of the northern industrial city of Monterrey. He said authorities at the state prosecutor’s office reported 20 dead. A group of inmates in one cell block started to riot and took one of the guards hostage, Domene said. The riot then spread to a second cell block. Authorities regained control of the prison within a couple of hours, he said. Families of the prisoners were gathered outside Sunday morning, seeking word of the victims. Deadly fights happen periodically in Mexican prisons as gangs and drug cartels stage jail breaks and battle for control of penitentiaries, often with the involvement of officials. Some 31 prisoners died in January in a prison riot in the Gulf coast city of Altimara in Tamaulipas state, which borders Texas. Another fight in a prison in the Tamaulipas border city of Matamoros in October killed 20 inmates and injured 12. In July, a riot at a prison in the border city of Juarez killed 17 inmates. Mexican authorities detained the director and four guards over that clash. Surveillance video showed two inmates opening doors to let armed prisoners into a room where the slain victims were reportedly holding a party.



Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership


Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012

Olympics: Ogide Wants D’Tigers’ Action



Nigerian-American Andy Ogide is hoping the Nigeria Basketball Federation will invite him to star for D’Tigers in the July FIBA Olympic Qualifying Tournament win Venezuela. The Lagun Aro GBC forward hails from Atlanta, Georgia. Ogide believes he is good enough to make Nigeria’s national team aiming to reach London. Nigeria is eyeing one of the three places still available for the games and will be among the 12 sides trying to claim one of them in Caracas. They will play in Group B against Lithuania, a team that has played at every Olympics since 1992, and hosts Venezuela. “I’ll definitely go to camp and we’ll see what happens,” Ogide said to When it comes to this summer, Ogide knows he will have to be in top shape, and form, to make the Nigerian team. “They have a lot of talent. I have talked to one of the coaches when I was with my last team, so that’s good. I know there will be good competition going into the camp but I’m just looking forward to the opportunity. I have family in London as well so I’d love to be able to play there. It would mean everything to me. I’m from Atlanta and I was able to go to the Olympic Games in Atlanta and the atmosphere there was unreal. I never dreamed I might have a chance of playing there so it would mean the world to me. Hopefully, I’ll make the team. I want to go. I know we didn’t qualify, but I’ll go to camp and see what happens.” He enthused. Ogide joined Nigeria for some of their workouts before Afrobasket 2011 but did not play for the team at the event in Madagascar, where the national side finished third. On his experience in Spain, he said: “I’m getting used to the game here and trying to help out my teammates as much as I can. I love being in Spain so far, so, hopefully I can stay a little longer. I was doing well in Breogan but then kind of fell out with the team a little bit and decided to leave. Lagun Aro called me up, so I guess I did well enough when I was playing there. It’s very good here. I love playing basketball against tough competition. I have no problem getting up for every game because you are going to face great players and that’s one thing I’m excited about.” He said. About his future, he said he is taking things one day at a time and would leave that to his agent. “I don’t know. My agent handles all that. I would love to play here as long as possible, but you never know what happens. I’ll go back home in the summer, NBA workouts and stuff and see where my career takes me. But I would love to play in Spain again if I had the opportunity.”

54 sports

sports news

Monday, February 20, 2012 Leadership

super eagles Keshi Will Change Eagles – Etuhu Eagles’ midfielder Dickson Paul Etuhu has backed Nigeria coach Stephen Keshi to restore the country’s football. The Fulham star, who is one of only 11 Europebased stars called up for a 2013 Nations Cup qualifier in Rwanda, has also said he will fight for his first-team place at his London club. On Keshi he said: The first day I met him, I knew why he was the captain of the team for 14 years. He is a man who knows what he is doing and will look you straight in your eyes to tell you what he wants from you and otherwise. If you do it well, he applauds you and if you did not, he shouts at you till you adjust. He is just like the big coaches I have worked with in England. I see him succeeding.


arsenal Wenger Charges On Unity

cote d’ivoire City’s Yaya Toure Considers Retirement Manchester City midfielder Yaya Toure has revealed that he is contemplating his future with Cote d’Ivoire. The 28-year-old was part of the side that lost in the final of the Africa Cup of Nations last weekend on penalties to Zambia. With the tournament set to be played again next January, the player says he is unsure whether or not he would like to continue representing his country. “We will see whether I carry on,” Toure told the Sunday Mirror. “I have to think about what is best for me, for my club and for my country. I love playing for Ivory Coast so it is not an easy thing to think about. Maybe if we had won against Zambia things would have been easier for me. The disappointment is big at the moment so I will wait until I have a clear mind before deciding what to do. The African Nations Cup is being played again next year and because we have lost the final it is an emotional time for us all.

Cote d’Ivoire and Manchester City midfielder, Yaya Toure

We were given N500,000.00 each by President Obasanjo after winning the African Youth tournament. Daniel.

schools sports Aregbesola Declares Compulsory

Arsenal boss Arsene Wenger has said his players must stay united and continWenger ue to fight. He disclosed this after Arsenal’s FA Cup exit against Sunderland. The call is also coming just three days after they crashed to a heavy Champions League defeat in Milan. This leaves the Gunners with a possible seventh season without a trophy. “We have to take the criticism on board, stay together and face the critics,” said a defiant Wenger. “It’s very difficult to say where it leaves us and what we will do. The only response is to stay united and fight.“ he said. The Frenchman, who has been in charge of Arsenal since 1996, admits his side must now ensure that they finish the season strongly and earn the top four Premier League finish that would earn them qualification for next year’s Champions League.

Abandoned Golden Eaglets Star Cries For Help midat joseph Kaduna

Five years after helping Nigeria lift the 2007 FIFA U-17 World Cup trophy in South Korea, a member of the Golden Eaglets Daniel Joshua is in pains and abandoned after an accident rendered him paralysed. Daniel Joshua who played as a central midfielder during the tournament, became paralysed after a fatal accident while on duty with Niger Tornadoes Football Club of Minna Niger State. Daniel, a holder of the National Honour of Member of the Order of the Niger , MON

sefiu ayanbimpe Osogbo

Osun State governor, Ogbeni Rauf Aregbesola has declared that sports will henceforth be a

after selling all his properties to regain fitness, told LEADERSHIP SPORTS in an exclusive interview how the federal government and his club Niger Tornadoes abandoned him after he damaged his spinal cord after the accident in Niger State. He said: “We were given N500,000.00 each by former president, Obasanjo after winning the African Youth tournament. And after we came back from the World Cup, then late President Yar’adua gave us some gifts and donated houses for us and gave us national honours of MON. “I had the accident shortly after we returned from the U-17

compulsory activity in all schools in the state. The declaration came at the monthly Walk-toLive programme of the state government where the governor led thousand others on a road walk

World Cup in South Korea. “The federal government, Kaduna and Niger state governments had abandoned me, my father had written the state governments for assistance, but no response. The present governor of Kaduna State even said that I was a federal government property and not the state government’s property. “My salary with Niger Tornadoes has stopped without any notice. My sign-on-fees was N2m but has not been given to me. “I want to appeal to Niger Tornadoes to at least pay my sign-on-fees so as to be on my feet.’’

weekend. The Walk-to-Live event is one of the activities under the Promotion of Healthy Living, one of the six point integral development agenda of Governor Rauf

Comment I had the a ccident shortly after we returned from the U-17 World Cup in South Korea

Aregbesola. The governor while reminding the people of the need for regular exercises, said all members of the society should be prepared to join the monthly exercise.

focus 55

Leadership Monday, February 20, 2012


One reason why Nigerians are not investing in productive industry and manufacturing is because the market price does not reflect cost of production, so instead of building plant's here and maybe produce tyres or handsets, it is cheaper to bring it here and sell because of the various cost implications in Nigeria

Do you have enough staff strength to carry out your responsibilities, and what becomes of them when you wind down? We have enough staff but not at the level we need. We are hoping to go through a procurement process of engaging staff very soon, especially professionals at the senior management level because debt management is a professional matter. It requires seasoned lawyers, accountants and economics and all these people will put all their experiences to bear during negotiations. We would be hoping that by the time we begin to wind down our operations, because of the capacity we could have built, we are looking at two options. One, the staff may be deployed to other government ministries, especially the finance ministry; with the experience they must have gathered they can be very useful there. We have also thought of the idea that at the time of exit, we can set up a small consulting firm, get consultants and convert this company to a consulting firm that can provide consultancy services to other countries who would probably go the way we have gone, and with the experience we have gathered we can consult for them and earn foreign exchange for the country. You gave February ending as deadline for all PHCN creditors to lay claims, by the end of February what happens to those who could not meet the deadline? By the end of February those who can't meet the deadline will be given another opportunity because some of them may not have had access to the advert by the time we published it so we will still get back to them. Apart from the advert we will still contact them on a one-on-one-basis so that we do not have issues with people not being notified.

Payment Of PHCN Liability Will Be Subject To Due Diligence — Agbogun


Those for me are the major challenges otherwise, everything is fine.

How do you ascertain that their claims are genuine, do have any database that can help you reconcile records? Yes we do. No debt will be paid unless we conduct adequate due diligence on that particular debt. That is to say all the contractual evidence that gave rise to that debt must be right. We will ensure that service or product was delivered and somebody accepted that service or product and that that service or product must have been deployed for the purpose of power generation or distribution. So where we are satisfied that genuine debts exist then it will be passed for payment. That is the process we want to go through. That was why I told you that we need some skilled personnel who are vast in these areas who can help to engage these negotiations with creditors. We even hope that some of them in view of the age of their debt will also give us some discounts.

You mentioned that PHCN accumulated debt over the years because electricity tariff has not been cost reflective, will the new NERC's tariff ensure that going forward government would not be incurring more debt? There is no way debts can be erased completely, because as long as we have the poor among us, there will always be a way to subsidise them and that would bring about debt. But what government wants to do with the tariff module is that those with the capacity to pay should pay for services, and those who don't have, government would find a way to take care them. As I told you earlier, the reason why these liabilities were incurred was because there was no cost reflective tariff. Under the new arrangement, where tariff becomes cost reflective the measure of liabilities will reduce over time, because NERC will not just come out with a full blown cost reflective tariff, it will be graduated so as they move on the ladder, the incursion of liability will begin to reduce until we get to a point where there is no more.

Presently, what would you consider the greatest challenge to NELMCO? Funding; you know government does not have all the resources so it is a major challenge. And the second challenge is the ongoing government discussion with the PHCN union.

How long do you think this process can take? I think that is a question for the regulatory commission because they have their plans, I don't know what their plans are, but if going by the calculations, within the next five years, electricity tariff should be cost reflec-

tive. Because the whole idea is to use it to attract investors to the sector, and the shorter the better. A longer period is not in our best interest. Nigerians are worried over tariff hike in the face of no electricity, what's your take on this? The whole idea is to attract investors. That is the bottom line and they will not bring in their money unless they are sure of returns on their investments, and if we want service, we have to pay the appropriate bills. So we need tariff to increase at a proportion that is slightly lower than the investors coming into the country. The way to do it is that government can give them some guarantees that where tariff are slightly not cost reflective, government will be giving subsidy for the difference for some time. But for me I think that tariff should go up to attract investors. Over time government has borrowed money for the construction of power plants, thereby incurring more debt. Do you think thisn is wise? We should not forget that government has a responsibility to provide power for the people, and prior to this time, it has been government's sole responsibility to provide Nigerians with power. Government is only moving from that position now to allow the private sector to come in. At that point in time, it was the best policy. But there are changes in the world's economics dynamics now and

that is why government is changing. So it depends on how you look at it, at that time, for me, it was wise but now it is not, that is why government is reforming to ensure that the past is not taken to the future. Can you explain in simple terms the meaning of cost reflective tariff? When we say cost reflective tariff we are talking about a tariff that pays your total cost plus a profit margin. Every investor has a cost and a profit margin to his investment. If you go today and put your money in a deposit account you expect an interest. So in the power sector we are saying that the total investment the investor bears in terms of building power plants, generating power, transmitting power, paying for gas, paying the workers, paying taxes, all these things accumulate as the cost, and no business man runs his business on equity, there is always a ratio of debt to equity. He goes to the financial institutions and borrows money and would pay interest on the money, all those interests are part of the cost. So if he now aggregates all these and say my generation is X unit, my cost is X naira, that cost is what the consumer should pay if he is to remain in business. That is what they call a cost reflective tariff, a tariff that takes care of my cost plus the profit. One reason why Nigerians are not investing in productive industry and manufacturing is because the market price does not reflect cost of production, so instead of building plant's here and maybe produce tyres or handsets, it is cheaper to bring it here and sell because of the various cost implications in Nigeria. We expect that when these tariffs come, there will be efficiency and discipline on the part of the consumers, they will not be consuming recklessly as they use to do. When there is this movement we will begin to see a reduction in price, because at a point in time cost will begin to come down when competition comes in and the consumers will be happier. Does the Act have provisions for consumer rights in terms of satisfactory services? The Act has adequate provision for consumer protection; in fact one reason why the regulatory agency is in place is to ensure that both the consumers and the service providers are in a win-win position. There are certain occurrences however, that may not give consumers rights to protest. For instance, if there are natural disasters like the recent Lagos storm, you don’t hold the Lagos distribution company responsible. We are also hoping that with the prepayment meters coming in consumers won't lose anything. You don't pay on estimation anymore; you pay on what you consume, so when there are natural disasters your money is saved. But by and large, the regulatory commission is in place to ensure that customers rights are protected, especially in the sense of service provision, sustainability, and where they find that there are problems traceable to the companies they would be penalised for it. In fact, now we even have a chance to sue the company’s failure to provide good service based on the contracts you signed with the company, before now you could not do that.



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Monday, February 20, 2012

Sam Nda-Isaiah


et me start straightaway by declaring that I totally agree that the current structure of the country’s administration needs to be tweaked for better efficiency and prosperity. For instance, we must sit down and ask ourselves why it is so easy for incumbents to rig elections and why votes don’t count. Could that be one of the reasons why there is violence everywhere? We also need to know why the nation could not invoke Section 144 of the constitution when it was very obvious that the then President Yar’Adua had met all the conditions for the invocation of the section. Are there reasons why we take the trust of governance so lightly? We must also sit down to discuss, for instance, why a President Obasanjo could impose a sick and terminally-ill candidate on his party and subsequently on the nation and no single person was able to stop him, even though every single person agreed that the former president’s action endangered the nation. Why was it that when Obasanjo started constituting himself into a national security risk, we all just sat hopelessly watching him achieve his whims? We also need to sit around the table to discuss and ask ourselves whether our democracy is working at all or we are simply lying to ourselves. Indeed, we need to look at our current resource control and derivation formula again. I am at one with those who have suggested that all resources on land or in any state should be owned, exploited and appropriated by the states and local governments through a new revenue sharing formula between the two. They should only pay taxes

No. 1,650


Hell, What Is SNC? to the federal government on such revenues. The federal government should own, exploit and appropriate all offshore resources since such resources are kept and protected by the navy – well, the navy and now Tompolo. That means, for instance, that all the oil found onshore in the Niger Delta and states like Ondo and Imo should be owned 100% by these states. And the oil potential in the Bida Basin, Chad Basin, Benue Trough and Anambra Basin would be vigorously pursued by the states involved through individual initiatives since the NNPC has clearly refused to fund the projects. The offshore oil and gas resources, which make up the bulk of Nigeria’s reserves, are large enough for the federal government if the revenues to be derived would not be stolen via payment of fuel subsidy again. In the same vein, a state like Niger, for instance, can enter into joint partnership arrangement with mining multinationals for the exploration and exploitation of its huge gold, gemstones, marble, graphite, feldspar and glass sand resources. The same Niger can

also become a world leader in the production of shea butter, rare forest-based woods, palm oil, sugar cane, and a host of others. Jos city, for instance, is sitting on large gas reserves and no one is talking about it because everyone gets free money at the moment. Restructuring could change everything. With good leadership, which hopefully would be easier to achieve with a restructured polity, solid mineral-rich states of Nigeria could actually compete with a rich country like South Africa in the production of various precious stones in no time. Food production will most certainly receive a boost as it would be clear that states would have no choice but fend for themselves. There are many states in Nigeria, especially in the north, that could compete with Thailand and other south-east Asian countries in rice production. With restructuring also, Nigeria can actually overtake Sudan in the production of gum Arabic, the magic cash crop that the United States does not seem to get enough of. For long, the US has been searching for an alternative to Sudan for its large

Where Are All These Arms From? It is now easier to buy weapons in Nigeria than it is for a politician to rent a crowd. And we all seem to have forgotten that the possession of arms without a licence is a felony against the state. The arms in the possession of MEND, Boko Haram, armed robbers and kidnappers are probably more than the total number of firearms with the Nigerian police. Our borders are so porous that the very dangerous arms deployed in warinfested Sudan, Chad, Niger Republic

and Libya easily end up in Nigeria. To effectively fight crime, we must go back to the basics. The government must start enforcing the law on illegal possession of firearms all over again. We should also look in the direction of countries that have effectively kept crime out of their societies. One of such countries is Singapore. Arms trafficking in Singapore attracts the death sentence. And the definition of arms trafficking? The possession of more than two guns!

gum Arabic needs. Borno, Jigawa and Kebbi have produced some of the best known gum Arabic. In 1965, Nigeria was the largest producer and exporter of palm kernel and palm oil. With restructuring, it may be possible to re-enact this scenario because, as it is now, all the states in the south-east that used to produce these cash crops currently depend on free monthly allocations from the federation account. Today, state governors do not plan, and they don’t care. There was also a time we were the world’s largest producer of cocoa, groundnuts and rubber. We are still the world’s largest producer of cassava. These and many more are some of the things that can be achieved with purposeful restructuring. But restructuring does not make the convocation of a sovereign national conference (SNC) necessary. SNC means different things to different people. Bola Tinubu, the ACN’s leader, for example, supports the convocation of the conference. But, as far as he is concerned, the issue Continued on Page 12

GHANA MUST GO Search for new speaker begins in Bayelsa — News

Have they asked the president?

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