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:Terence Thomas Teacher: Ms.Baxter Date:4-22-14 Illustration:

Mercury By: Stephen Feinstein (5) Facts I learned 1. Innermost Planet 2.3,029 miles across 3. Second most smallest 4. It spins 3x on its axis for every 2 orbits around the sun 5. Surface alternately baked and frozen (5)Interesting Things 1. Only one space probe has visited so far 2. Its airless and seems similar to the moon 3. Mercury’s days last about 59 Earth days 4. Sometimes Mercury experiences 2 sunrises a day 5. First planet in front of the sun Summary Mercury is the 1st and innermost planet. It is 3,029 miles across. It is the 2nd smallest after Pluto. Mercury spins 3x on its axis for every 2 orbits around the sun. They say Mercury experiences 2 sunrises a day. They also say that only one space probe has visited it so far.

Earth By: Stephen Feinstein (5) Facts I learned 1.

3rd planet


Formed 4.6 billion years ago


A terrestial planet made of rock and metal


70% of Earth’s form is covered by oceans


Has gravity (5) Interesting Things 1. Nickname (The Home Planet) 2. Consists of living things 3. Only planet now with liquid water 4. Mercury, Venus, and Mars are like Earth 5. Planet after Venus Summary Earth is the 3rd planet from the sun. Earth is the only planet with life. Earth was formed 4.6 billion years ago. Earth has gravity. Also 70% of Earth’s form is covered by oceans.

Venus By: Giles Sparrow (5) Facts I learned 1. Diameter of 7,521 2. Orbits 26 million miles 3. Temperatures on Venus 870*/ 470* 4. Every 243 days it turns the opposite way as the other planets 5. Makes a trip around the sun in 225 days (5) Interesting Things 1. Earth’s nonidentical twin 2. Closer to the sun than Earth 3. Venus has corrosive acid rains 4. Venus has a bizarre day 5. Venus has a sunlight day Summary Venus is a planet who people say is Earth’s nonidentical twin. Venus has a diameter of 7,521 miles. The temperatures of Venus are amazingly high (870*/ 470*) Venus is the 2nd planet from the sun. So Venus is the 2nd most warmed planet after Mercury.

Mars By: Stephen Feinstein (5) Facts I learned 1. 4th planet from the sun 2. Was formed 4.5 billion years ago 3. Made of rock and metal 4. Diameter of 4,219 miles 5. Has polar ice caps

(5)Interesting Things 1. The nickname of Mars ( Red Planet) 2. Mars is more like Earth than any other planet 3. Mars has 2 Deimos and Phobos 4. Mars is colder than Earth 5.Scientist once thought there was liquid water Summary Mars is the 4th planet in space. It has a diameter of 4,219 miles. The nickname of Mars is the Red Planet. Mars has 2 Deimos and Phobos. Mars was formed4.5 billion years ago. It was made out of rock and metal.

Saturn By: Stephen Feinstein (5)Facts I learned 1. The 6th planet from the sun 2. 2nd largest planet in solar system 3. Diameter measures 74,600 miles 4. Made out of liquid and gases 5. Has the brightest rings

(5)Interestings Things 1. Nickname (The Jewel of The Solar System) 2. About 844 Earth’s would fit inside Saturn 3. Doesn’t have solid surface like other planets 4. People have thought of Saturn’s rings to be a priceless jewel 5. Known as one of the Gas Giants Summary Saturn is the 6th planet from the sun. It was formed years ago out of liquid and gases. Saturn is the 2nd largest planet after Jupiter in the Solar System. Saturn is a Gas giant and about 844 Earth’s could fit inside one Saturn. The diameter of Saturn is 74,600 miles. The nickname of Saturn is The Jewel of The Solar System.

Uranus By: Glenn Scherer & Marty Fletcher (5)Facts I learned 1. Planet was first discovered on March 13,1781 2. Farthest planet from the sun 3. Orbited through depths of cold and dark space 4. 1.8 billion miles from the sun 5. Made of gas (5)Interesting Things 1.Nickname (A Great Discovery) 2. Was discovered by Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel 3. Was seen as a blue disk 4. One of Gas Giants 5. Hard to reveal but has been revealed Summary Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel was one night looking into space and discovered a great discovery and they named it Uranus. Uranus was discovered on March 13, 1781. It is the 7th planet from the sun. That means its 1 billion miles from the sun. Uranus is made out of gas. So that makes Uranus a Gas Giant.

Jupiter By: Giles Sparrow (5)Facts I learned 1. 12x the size of Earth 2. Diameter of 88,846 miles 3. Huge ball of hydrogen gas 4. Formed 4.5 billion years ago 5. 5th planet (5)Interesting Things 1. King of the Planets 2. Jupiter was named after the King of the Gods in Roman Mythology 4. Gas Giant 5. Largest of all the nine planets Summary Jupiter is known as the King of the Planets. Jupiter was named King of the Gods in Roman Mythology. Jupiter was formed 4.5 billion years ago. Three Saturns could fit inside one Jupiter. Jupiter is a huge ball of hydrogen so Jupiter is a Gas Giant.

The Sun By: Stephen Feinstein (5)Facts I learned 1.Distance odf 93 million miles 2. Provides energy for life 3. Enormous incandescent ball of gas 4. Diameter of 863,700 miles 5. Temperature 10,000* F/ 5,538*C (5)Interesting Things 1. The nickname ( The Closest Star) 2. Closest star than any other 3. 100x larger than Earth 4. More than 1.3 million Earth’s could fit inside one Sun 5. About 74% of the Sun is hydrogen Summary The sun is an enormous incandescent ball of hydrogen gas. Distance is 93 million miles. Diameter is 863,700 miles. Temperatures on the sun are amazingly high (10,000F) ( 5,538C).Also more than 1.3 million Earth’s could fit inside one Sun.

Pluto By: Robert Daily (5) Facts I learned 1.Dwarf Planet 2. Placed on edge of the Solar System 3.Phantom ball of ice and rock 4. Discovered in 1930 5. Coldest, smallest, darkest, and last planet (5) Interesting Things 1. Dead Planet 2. Too small to be seen by most telescopes 3. Pluto is the strangest planet 4. Through powerful telescopes it shows as a pinprick light 5. 9th Planet Summary Pluto is known as a dwarf planet. Also a dead planet. Pluto was discovered in 1930. Pluto is placed the edge of the solar system. Also Pluto is too small to be seen by most telescopes.

The Universe By: Discovery Channel (5) Facts I learned 1. Formed by explosion 2. In few minutes it was 2000 times the size of the sun 3. 300,000 years later it cooled and atoms formed 4. Scientist believe that gravity will make the universe collapse 5. Some believe that the universe will expand forever (5) Interesting things 1. Refer to universe creation as the Big Bang Theory 2. Father of Milky way. 3. Millions of galaxies across the universe 4. Universe made of gas and dust 5. All energy Summary The universe is part of what holds our world. The universe was formed by explosion and refered to as the Big Bang Theory. There are millions of galaxies across the universe. After the explosion it took a few minutes for the universe to expand 2000 times the size of the sun. The universe is made off gas and dust.

Black Holes By: Paul P. Sipiera (5) Facts I learned 1. Black holes are cosmic 2. Most form after supernova 3. Black holes are the remains of a star after gravity crushes it 4. Gravity so strong that light pulls in it 5. Scientist that black holes form from the deaths of giant black stars (5) Interesting Things 1. Newton’s discovery of gravity gave idea of a black hole 2. Albert Einstein made black hole imformation more possible 3. Karl Schwartzchild realized any object could turn into a black hole. 4. If earth could be squeezed into a ball half inch it would turn into a black hole 5. You have to travel faster than light to escape the pull of a black hole Summary Black holes are cosmic. Black holes are the remains of a star after its crushed by gravity. Newton’s discovery of gravity gave idea of a black hole. Gravity of a black hole is so strong light pulls in it. You have to travel faster than light to escape the pull.

Killer Asteroids By: Margaret Poyner (5) Facts I learned 1. Huge chunks of stone or metal 2. Largest killer asteroid is 600 miles diameter 3. Killer asteroids are leftovers from the solar system creation 4. Some are parts of planets that were not complete 5. Travels 10 to 30 miles a second (5) Interesting Things 1. Some size of mountains and others small cities. 2. Ancient greeks thought they were stars 3. Asteroid exploded over Southh Pacific 4. Asteroids explosions are like 110,000 tons of TNT 5. Ateroid belt lies between Mars and Jupiter Summary Killer Asteroids are huge chunks of rock and stone. Killer Asteroids are leftovers from the solar system creation. The largest Killer Asteroids are 600 miles diameter. Ancient greeks thought they were stars. Also Asteroid explosions are like 110,000 tons of TNT.

The Moon By: Niki Walker (5) Facts I learned 1. Orbit around the Earth is elliptical, or oval. 2. Orbits 2,300 miles per hour 3. Made of rocks, minerals, and basalt 4. Some believe it was formed 4 to 5 billion years ago 5. No air or water or life (5) Interesting Things 1. Over 60 more moons in the solar system 2. 8 different phases 3. The moon is a dead world 4. Colors “dull, grayish brown color 5. Dust can be 65 feet deep Summary The moon is a big ball in the sky with no air, water or life. The moon has 8 different phases. You only see one moon when you look up but there are over 60 moons in the solar system. The moon is made of rock, minerals, and basalt. Also they say the moon was formed 4 to 5 billion years ago.

Cosmic Light Shows By: Bobbie Kalman & April Fast (5) Facts I learned 1. Some light shows appear close to Earth 2. Some appear billions of miles away from Earth 3. Comets and Auroras are rare 4. Nebulas are light shows 5. The sun is a light show (5) Interesting Things 1. All colors 2. Rainbows are a cosmic light show 3. Sunset and full moon are cosmic light shows 4. They explode in stars 5. Novas and supernovas are also light shows Summary Cosmic light shows can appear in different types of colors. Rainbows are cosmic light shows. So are sunsets and full moons. Comets and Auroras are rare. Somelight sows appear near Earth and others billions of miles away.

The Hubble Telescope By: Derek Zobel (5) Facts I learned 1. First launched in 1990 2. Solar arrays on the sides 3. Powered by sunlight 4. One instrument can sense heat and find stars forming 5. It sends images back to Earth (5) Interesting Things 1. Named after Edwin Hubble 2. When broken, astronauts fly to space to repair the telescope 3. Can look deep into space 4. Instruments search for far away objects 5. Uses light to look Summary The Hubble Telescope was named after Edwin Hubble. It was first launched in 1990. The telescope is powered by sunight. One instrument can sense heat and find stars forming. When broken, astronauts fly up to space and repair the telescope.

Terence Thomas