Page 17

America’s Great Outdoors Initiative SIGNATURE URBAN PROJECTS national parks

Grand River, Grand Rapids, MI

5,000,000

500,000

Chicago’s Indiana Dunes + Calumet Millennium Reserve, IL

Twin Cities Park: Mississippi National River and Recreational Area, MN

1,000,000

Milwaukee River Restoration Project, WI

St. Louis Arch and Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, MO

Detroit River Urban Park, MI

Population of cities

Sulpher Springs Assessment + Restoration Project, OH Blackston River Valley Greenway, RI

Our Urban National Parks

Jamaica Bay (Gateway), NY Bronx/Harlem National Water Trail, NY Urban Greening, Philadelphia, PA

Urban national parks rank as some of the most visited and most diverse parks in our national park system. Twenty signature AGO urban projects around the country present an opportunity to further increase the diversity and access of our national parks.

BLUE RIDGE PKWY

Chattanooga Riverwalk, TN Chattahoochee River NRA Water Trail, GA

total U.S. acreage

Los Angeles River Watershed, CA Lorenzi Park, NV Rio Salado River Pathways Program, AZ

20% RURAL 80% URBAN

100

84 million acres, 2.7% of U.S.

200 Miles

San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, TX Rocky Mountain Greenway, CO

401 NPS areas

Middle Rio Grande Natinoal Wildlife Refuge, NM 0

200

400 Kilometers 200

Jordan River Parkway Trail, UT

400 Miles

15,382,44714,567,487

U.S. Population 2010

North

Scale for all areas except Alaska 200 Kilometers 0 100 0

0

Twenty signature urban projects

The Urban Wild

CATALOG OF URBAN RIVER TRAILS

THIN LINE CONDITIONS OF URBAN TRAILS

thickening a relationship: integrating recreation and the urban wild Anacostia River Watershed, DC 8.7 miles of river

18 miles of trail

trails are typically 8’ to 10’ wide 3.5% ASIAN

8-10 ft

39% WHITE

51% 39% AFRICAN WHITE AMERICAN

51% AFRICAN AMERICAN

petroleum runoff

2011: 280 million visitors

2,221,766 acres

one width

trails are typically made of asphalt, which is sealed with petroleum products

trails are typically a set distance from the river

the trails oftentimes pass through large areas of mowed turf

20 miles

Area vs. # visitors (2012)

NP Visitors 2008-2009

Two ofthe thetop top most visited national Two of fivefive most visited national parks areparks locatedare located in urban areas (nps.gov, 2012) in urban areas (nps.gov, 2012)

57 miles

250,000 jobs

Chattanooga Riverwalk, TN

3,447,729 visitors

78% WHITE

Yellowstone NP

7,417,397

9% HISPANIC

14,567,487 visitors

7,697,727

3% OTHER

7% AFRICAN AMERICAN

80,000 acres

9,008,830

Washington D.C. 2010

5.5 miles

Golden Gate NRA

GW MEMORIAL PKWY

Yosemite NP Visitors 2009

GATEWAY NRA

14,567,487

24 miles of river

GREAT SMOKEY MOUNTAINS NP

15,382,447

GOLDEN GATE NRA

BLUE RIDGE PKWY

Detroit Riverwalk, MI

hiking/camping/fishing: $730 billion

77% WHITE

U.S. RECREATION

NATIONAL PARKS

retail: $289 billion annually

9% HISPANIC HISPANIC P

9% HISPANIC

6 million jobs

11% ASIAN + HISPANIC

4% OTHER

4% OTHER

47% Americans visited a national park in last 2 yrs (2009 survery)

3.5% ASIAN

$12 billion annually

1% AFRICAN AMERICAN

3% ASIAN

GOLDEN GATE NRA

Furthermore, NPS plays a large role in recreation, particularly in our urban environments. In the case of the Anacostia, over 90% of the land adjacent to the river is government owned, most by the NPS. How can we “thicken” this relationship, by better integrating recreation and the urban wild?

Masonville Cover Environmental Education Center, MD Anacostia River Watershed, DC

UrbanUrban national parks anopportunity opportunity to national parksprovide provide an to increase increase diversity in our national park system (nps.gov) diversity in our national park system (nps.gov)

Recreation and in national parkshuge provides Recreation inin thethe U.S.U.S. and in national parks provdes huge economic returns (nps.gov) economic returns (nps.gov) unmaintained thickets oftentimes separate the trail from the river

Hayes | 17

Los Angeles River Watershed, CA 51 mile river 9 miles

The Wild Anacostia  
The Wild Anacostia  

Kate Hayes | Master of Landscape Architecture Thesis

Advertisement