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+Does Lindsay really have the

highest teen pregnancy rates?

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January 2020 • Vol 3 • Issue 22


Fireside Publishing House, a proudly Canadian company. The Lindsay Advocate is published monthly and distributed to a wide variety of businesses and locations within Kawartha Lakes, North Durham and southern Haliburton County. We are a proud member of the Lindsay and District, Bobcaygeon, and Fenelon Falls Chambers of Commerce. TEAM ADVOCATE EDITORIAL

Publisher and Writer-at-Large: Roderick Benns Contributing Editor & Writer-at-Large: Trevor Hutchinson Associate Editor: Nancy Payne Research, Strategy & Development: Joli Scheidler-Benns Contributing Writers: Trevor Hutchinson, Geoff Coleman,

Jamie Swift, Jamie Morris, Ian McKechnie Web Developer: Kimberley Griffith LETTERS TO THE EDITOR SEND TO ADVERTISING & MARKETING

Advertising/Editorial inquiries: Roderick Benns



4 6 9 11 14 18 24 26 28 30

Letters to the Editor UpFront Benns’ Belief: Conservatives and Basic Income Teen Pregnancy in Lindsay and Kawartha Lakes Winter Wonderland Book Review: Bootstrapes Need Boots Heirloom Recipe Friends & Neighbours with Jamie Morris Just in Time with Ian McKechnie Trevor’s Take: Ready, Set, Nothing


Graphic Design: Barton Creative Co. Photography: Sienna Frost, Geoff Coleman

Visit for many more stories FOLLOW US ON

d The Lindsay Advocate @lindsayadvocate Roderick Benns @roderickbenns

c /The Lindsay Advocate


Printed by Maracle Inc. OUR PRIVACY POLICY The Lindsay Advocate is independently owned and operated. The opinions expressed herein are the views of the contributors and do not necessarily reflect those of this magazine. Photos, text, and art work contained in The Lindsay Advocate are copyrighted and may not be published, broadcast, or rewritten without the express permission of the Publisher. Liability for incorrectly displayed advertising is limited to publishing corrections or advertising credit for subsequent issues. The Publisher reserves the right to reject, revise, cancel, omit, discontinue or even decline to print advertising without reason or liability, and without notice. The Publisher has made every effort to ensure information contained herein was accurate at press time. The Publisher does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for damage, loss, or disruption caused by errors or omissions.

The Story of the Advocate

Every one of us has a story. It informs who we are and it explains how we got here. The Lindsay Advocate itself is a story. It is a story that began in 1855, although we didn’t know it at the time. Months after we created the Advocate to focus on the social and economic wellness of our area, we learned that Lindsay’s first newspaper was also called The Lindsay Advocate, first published in 1855 by Edward D. Hand. Its mission? “Our chief efforts will be directed towards furthering the interests of this Town and County and advocating (for) their well-being and improvement…” We embrace this echo of history and consider it a profound trust to carry forward. Our focus will continue to be about putting human values ahead of market values for our people and small businesses, not furthering the corporate agenda. It’s great to be back in Kawartha Lakes to build this community with you. ~ Roderick and Joli

Advertising Sales: Contact us at 705-341-1496 •




A tree of history

I read Jamie Morris’s “Our Heritage of Trees” article (November, 2019) with interest. I admire all of the featured trees; however, I’d like to recommend an addition to the list. On Mill Street, adjacent to the Masonic Lodge, stands a mighty and magnificent American elm.  Its majestic trunk rises high and its amazing canopy opens wide to the sky. At one point, someone attached a tiny sign to its trunk stating that this tree was a sapling during the early 1830s and had therefore witnessed the invasions that took place in the days of Purdy’s Mills. Patty Apac, Lindsay

Reader liked Roses & Thorns

Great article (Roses & Thorns, December 2019). Giving roses where credit is due and sticking thorns where things need to be improved on. Thank you. Judy Robinson, Lindsay

Noise pollution, environment, and the heritage we must protect

In recent months I have been paying attention to local efforts addressing climate change. I am a supporter of the Suzuki Foundation and an advocate of protecting the physical and natural heritage of Lindsay, integral parts of our local environment in which we live. I have read your recent article about the wonderful sycamore trees, as well as Trevor (Hutchinson’s) article about progress and our local heritage preservation efforts (November, 2019). These things are interrelated. Our community, its heritage and our environment are interdependent. Individuals who care about our environment cannot just attend climate change protests and push blame onto government officials and others about how environment issues are addressed. Individuals must also hold themselves accountable. I have attended such rallies only to return home and witness some of these same individuals undertaking activities that negatively impact the environment in which we all must live and strive to be healthy.

Within days of attending such protests, some of these individuals who claim to be concerned about a healthy environment start up noisy leaf blowers or snowblowers, turn up the music so that it can be heard outside of their home, and refuse to teach their children to respect the natural balance/peace. We are here for the clean air, the quietness, the slower pace, and the natural ecosystem. Let’s protect it. In the midst of local climate change plans and climate strikes, we have lost sight of the small and meaningful actions each of us can take, locally, to protect our community and neighbourhood environments. Kate Jewell, Lindsay

Ontario Hydro Rates for Dummies

Increasing prices will only make it easier for this government to complete the privatization of Hydro One that the Liberals started. The current government says that hydro bills have been too much of a mystery to consumers, who don’t get a full breakdown of how much they are using on the current bill; it aims to change that. Sorry Mr. Ford, but you must think that taxpayers in Ontario need a book titled Ontario Hydro Rates for Dummies. Any way you slice it, increasing rates by 52% (low), 53.19% (medium) and 55.22% (high) is so far removed from the 1.8% rate of inflation that Minister Walker’s claims, that it belongs to the realm of Trumpian exaggeration. Allow me to give you specifics on my last hydro bill. If the new rates are applied to this bill, the cost of energy that I used would increase from $23.55 to $36.45. The minister does not say whether there will be any changes to delivery rates or regulatory charges. Going back to my last bill, the cost of my actual usage under the new electricity pricing scheme (including delivery and regulatory charges) before HST would rise from $68.72 to $81.62. The HST of my total bill would increase from $8.93 to $10.61. Talk about a tax grab. But, remember that the 8% PST part of the HST was rebated back to the customer. For me this was a credit of $5.50. Really, this meant that my effective HST was $3.43. The new rates would increase my HST from $3.43 to $10.61. Remember,during the provincial election,Doug Ford promised to reduce Ontarians’ hydro bills. I guess this announcement had to wait until after the October 21 federal election. Dan Murphy, Omemee


Beautiful home is a ‘must-see’

In our November heritage issue, we asked readers to tell us about an important or meaningful building to them. The home I consider as a “must-see building” is located at 5267 Highway 35, just north of Glenarm Road. As a child riding in the back seat of my parents’ car on the way to Coboconk I always loved that big fieldstone farmhouse overlooking Cameron Lake.The last couple of years or so it appears not to have been lived in, nor kept up. It breaks my heart as to how such a beautiful home is sitting there, unoccupied.   Catherine Hooper, Oakwood

Charitable giving morally superior

In October, Roderick Benns asked each federal candidate during televised debates: “Do you believe in charity or do you believe in justice?” As one of those candidates who had a short window in which to react and respond, I remember being confused by the question. Was Roderick asking about social justice or legal justice? They are both very different and my answer depends on this distinction. Social justice is a preference, has a moral dimension to it, and is not necessity supported by our laws. Legal justice has evolved through centuries, been codified in common-law legislation and enforced by our justice bureaucracies at great public expense. Needless to say, I wish the best for my fellow citizens and in this regard I share the preference for social justice as long as legal justice is maintained and unintended consequences are avoided. When the average Canadian remits over 50 per cent of annual earnings to the many taxes and revenue tools used by our three levels of government, is this just? Yes, it is, so long as our politicians have passed suitable legislation. However, as the past has shown, the perennial forces of social justice applied politically will continue to push the boundaries of legal justice which inevitably incur more taxation.  I generally oppose this because it drives up the cost of living for everyone including too many citizens who struggle silently. While not a perfect option, it is my opinion that charitable giving by those who can afford to give is a morally superior form of justice. Gene Balfour, Fenelon Falls




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OFFICE: 705-324-2552


On charity and elusive justice

I read with great interest your editorial (“Benns’ Belief: Charity and Justice,” December 2019). Charity, it seems to me, is more definable. Justice often means different things to different people, and I doubt many politicians could define it exactly. Using the “golden rule” as a guiding value helps to explain the difficulty. The United States has a drone program that kills suspected those perceived as threats to the country’s well-being. The golden rule wouldn’t work here, as other countries could “justly” kill Americans suspected of being a threat to them. Challenging inequality of incomes as unjust is difficult because those earning higher incomes would generally not want to share their salaries with those earning less, claiming their work has greater value. In our latest election, many voters marked their ballots based on self-interest. Those campaigning promised to spend in communities if they were elected, in effect bribing voters with their own money. Once elected, many politicians focus on their re-election. Some voters say it is “just” to keep adding to the deficit and debt; others say this is unfair to future generations who will have to pay it off and will be denied services. The list goes on, yet all these players felt they were being just. I join with you in saluting those who provide charity to others but as long as we remain self-indulgent, I doubt whether many of us will find true justice. Let me know if you come up with an answer. John Sproule, Lindsay

We want your letters! Send us your thoughts to be featured on this page. The Lindsay Advocate welcomes your Letters to the Editor. We reserve the right to edit letters for clarity or length. Simply email or mail to 151 King St., Suite 1, Lindsay, ON, K9V 1E4. Please keep your letters to 200 words or less.



Olde Gaol Museum

}} A look at small town Ontario through the eyes of Leslie Frost, Stanley Dayton, plus lots more The staff and volunteers at the Olde Gaol Museum are excited to showcase new exhibitions this January, including a thought-provoking look at small-town Ontario through the eyes of former Premier Leslie Frost and the “Mayor of Gabtown,” Stanley Dayton. Area high school students are also creating a heartwarming exhibit based on postcards written through the years to and from Pearl Dickie Hanna (1891–1961) of Nestleton, Ontario. Through March, experience the Winter Play exhibition focused on family recreation inside and out in 1895. Find out more about the Old Mill property in the industry exhibit and view the Lest We Forget hall that honours the Canadian military.

If you haven’t been in to visit in a while, you should be aware that the exhibits change regularly so there is always something new to see. Check out the Olde Gaol’s website and social media for ongoing special events, fun weekly activities like Films on Fridays at 1 p.m. and exhibit launches throughout the year. Visitors who tour the historic county jail will learn what life was like for those who lived and worked here — and perhaps hear a few ghost stories as well. Make sure to get your mugshot taken and snap a selfie inside the cells. A one-year membership is only $25, or $40 for families, which means that once you become a member, all visits are free for the next 12 months.




Stanley Dayton


Business UPFRONT }} Olde Mill Candle Co. opens on Kent Street


Lacey Ball

}} The Fermented Cellar – Wine Not? PHOTO: SIENNA FROST

Olde Mill Primitives at 4 ½ Cambridge Street has already captured imaginations with its unique home furnishings, solid wood furniture, farmhouse décor items, kitchen wares, candles, linens and gifts. Now, owner Lacey Ball is expanding that vision with her brand new sister store, Olde Mill Candle Co. at 104 Kent St. W., Lindsay. This new location offers locally-made and Canadian-made candles of all types, including soy and honey. There are also wicks made from wood as an option to get that crackling fire sound. Soy candles are all-natural, long-lasting and completely cleanburning. They’re great for people with allergies because their scents are made from essential oils. As the popularity of the candle lines expanded at Olde Mill Primitives, so too grew the idea to open a dedicated shop. “Now we have it all in one space,” says Ball. All kinds of creature comforts are highlighted at the new store, including pieces for the home and cottage, pillows, and luxurious throw blankets.

Whether you’re an expert or new to brewing, the brand new Fermented Cellar has something for everyone when it comes to high quality wines and ciders. Long-time residents will know this place as the former Village Winery, which was a staple in Lindsay for decades. New owners and serial entrepreneurs, Aaron Young (pictured) and Jennifer Boksman, have expanded the vision though. They also offer Olive That! Artisan Oils & Vinegars as part of the business, even holding plant-based cooking classes and other special events from time to time. As for the wine, depending on the type selected, fermentation can take from four to eight weeks — so to get a February or March batch, now’s the time to make it. The Fermented Cellar is located at 15 Cambridge Street South. Call (705) 3289463.


COFFEE with the CHIROPRACTOR By Dr. Asdhir

Community Care Wants to Hear From You! Join Community Care at one of its upcoming public consultations to share your thoughts and input to shape and influence the development of Community Care’s 202023 Strategic Plan. These one-hour sessions are held to learn directly from clients, partners, and the community to ensure you are receiving the care you need. Wed. Jan. 8, 1:45 - 2:45 p.m.

Community Care Village Housing

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Lindsay Public Library

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Fenelon Falls Legion

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Caring for the Communities of Kawartha Lakes

Dealing with Shoulder Pain Patients often come into our office and are surprised we are able to treat other areas of the body besides the lower back. Although low back pain is the leading cause of disability in the world, (and is what we see a lot of), neck, shoulders, knees, and ankles are some of the other areas we are also highly skilled to treat. The first thing we advise our shoulder patients to do is to use ice on the joint. This helps to reduce inflammation of the tendons and also gain some mobility. Ice is the best and most time-efficient method to do so and by placing it on the shoulder for a maximum of 10 minutes daily you can start to see its effect quickly.

How to Help Decrease Shoulder Pain In a first patient appointment, we will have a thorough assessment of lifestyle. While each person’s diagnosis varies, here are common ways to help decrease shoulder pain: 1. Maintain good shoulder posture: Overuse of devices creates sustained forward postures. The pectoralis muscles become tight and short and the rhomboids become stretched and weakened. Tip: Add rowing to your workout to strengthen the rhomboids. 2. Limit reaching: When you are constantly reaching for items you are stressing the shoulder tendons that tend to get inflamed and painful. Tip: Try rearranging your space so that things you grab often are within reach (eg. mug, diaper bag, toothbrush.)


3. Strengthen the shoulder: Keeping an active lifestyle. Exercise and strengthening is important and will decrease the chances of injury. Tip: Focus on committing to a class or type of workout you enjoy to make exercising fun!

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BENNS’ BELIEF Conservatives and basic income RODERICK BENNS, PUBLISHER For many years I have argued for the need for a well-planned basic income guarantee. For ought not the citizens of a country have a fair claim to a small dividend of the society we have all helped to create? I have spoken with politicians of all political stripes on this matter over the past few years, including three high-profile federal Conservatives. These three Tories — all of whom served in former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney’s governments — were at least open to trying basic income pilots. The dominant voice among them is Hugh Segal, the key adviser on Ontario’s now-cancelled basic income pilot project. He served as chief of staff to Mulroney and was a Canadian senator from 2005 to 2014. Segal was also chief of staff to former Ontario Premier Bill Davis. (See our review on page 18 of Segal’s new book on poverty.) Another retired Progressive Conservative senator, Michael Meighen, campaigned for a guaranteed annual income in his bid for a seat under leader Robert Stanfield in the 1970s. He told me that basic income is “very attractive on paper.” He noted that if the pilots are successful, then the policy becomes easier to sell, politically. Meighen is a well-known lawyer and philanthropist and the grandson of former Prime Minister Arthur Meighen. Perrin Beatty, who served under three prime ministers — Joe Clark, Brian Mulroney, and Kim Campbell — led multiple ministries, including National Revenue, Defence, and National Health and Welfare. He told me that automation is a challenge to the employment landscape and basic income might be part of the answer. Beatty currently serves as CEO of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce. The former Progressive Conservative minister said “for older workers with families, precarious temporary work is obviously a problem. … So we do have to find better ways to support them.” Beatty said he likes the idea of a basic income that “boosts low-wage salaries” to attract more people into the labour force, since there has been a rise in discouraged workers who have given up looking for work. And, since almost all of the new high-paying jobs in the service sector are being created in big cities, Beatty noted a basic income “could be a big help in smaller, rural economies.” It’s too bad that Conservative Premier Doug Ford didn’t get that memo before he killed the innovative pilot as soon as he got into power, despite his party’s promise on the campaign trail to see the project through its full term. When the head of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce — as pro-business as it gets — points out the potential benefits of basic income, particularly in rural areas like Lindsay and Kawartha Lakes, it’s time to pay attention.

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Urban myth-busting }} Lindsay and Kawartha Lakes

area does not have the highest teen pregnancy rates

If you’ve lived in in Lindsay or Kawartha Lakes long enough, you probably have heard an urban myth presented as fact: that Lindsay has the highest per capita rates of teen pregnancy in the province. I know I have heard it and if I’m honest about it I’ve probably repeated it in the past, passing on this “statistic” as some sort of social commentary. There is a lot to consider in what we perhaps could think of as Lindsay’s original fake news. Never mind that this commentary is most definitely elitist, sexist and classist: a way of lumping a bunch of marginalized people together, thus further marginalizing them. Or that it is a way to desensitize ourselves from some neighbours — real people with real challenges — who could use our support. Simply put, this piece of trivia is blatantly false.


Staff at the Haliburton Kawartha Pine Ridge District Health Unit (HKPRDHU) have heard it. As Dorothea Service, manager of health promotion with the health unit told the Advocate, “Staff ... have heard this term used before in the community, but the facts do not bear this out.” Health units across the province collect data for teen pregnancies which they define as pregnancies for females aged 15 to 19. Therefore, any statistics would include people who decided to start a family as a young adult.




At the request of the Advocate, the health unit pulled statistics for the entire City of Kawartha Lakes and compared them to provincial rates. Explains Service, “both the local and provincial rates of teen pregnancies are generally going down.” In 2012 the rate of teen pregnancies per 1,000 15-to-19-year-old females was 23.5 in Kawartha Lakes compared to 22.0 provincially. By 2017 (the last year for available data) the numbers had fallen to 19.8 per 1,000 locally compared to 13.2 provincially.

So Kawartha Lakes is nowhere near the top of any teen pregnancy list. We must therefore ask ourselves: Why does this rumour persist? Clearly the rates are slightly higher in Kawartha Lakes than for Ontario as a whole, but as Service explains, “rates of teen pregnancy are a matter of interpretation. True, the provincial rate of teen pregnancies (per 1,000 females aged 15 to 19 years) is slightly higher than that in Kawartha Lakes, but both rates are generally on the decline. Neither would I consider the difference that significant.”

The numbers, as Service explains, require some context. “Put another way, for every 1,000 female residents aged 15 to 19 years of age, there were just over six more pregnancies among this age-group in the City of Kawartha Lakes compared to Ontario overall. Is that significant? Not necessarily if put into perspective.” So we have a declining rate of teen pregnancy locally, but how do we compare to the rest of the province? Well, the results should once and for all put our local teen pregnancy myth to rest. “If we look at 2016, there were 17 health unit regions in Ontario that had higher teen pregnancy rates” than our local health unit, says Service. These regions include: Northwestern Ontario, Porcupine, Timiskaming, Thunder Bay, Algoma, Sudbury, Peterborough, Brant, Chatham-Kent, Hastings-Prince Edward, Renfrew, Eastern, North Bay-Parry Sound, Lambton, Hamilton and Grey-Bruce. Of interest, five of these 17 health units had teen pregnancy rates that were significantly higher than our health unit region.” So Kawartha Lakes is nowhere near the top of any teen pregnancy list. We must therefore ask ourselves: Why does this rumour persist? Many would say that it is a way that we collectively stigmatize people. As Service points out, “There is often stigma associated with teen pregnancy, but the fact is that we should not be judgmental. We need to support ce Cleani ngage women who are expecting a baby — Offi no matter their Storefront Window or circumstances.” Cleani Laura O (a pseudonym to protect herngprivacy) is a Lindsay woman who knowsFlo allorabout Refinisthe hinway g society, and the local community, perceives teen pregTile & Grout Cleani ng nancy. Laura gave birth during herRes teen ideyears. She would


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later have a daughter who would experience a teenage pregnancy. “Yes, there was stigma when I first found out I was pregnant,” she says. But she notes that when people realized she had the support of family and an agency to help her with being a teen mom, the stigma seemed to be less. “There is always someone that is going to judge and look down on you — someone that they feel (is) not doing the right thing. This is something that will never change and that we can’t get away from. All you can do is your best and if you need help of any kind reach out for it,” says Laura. Laura went on to have a successful life in the health care and service industries. Her daughter went on to college and now works in the health care field. She had a second child with her husband. Laura credits the help of several agencies (Five Counties Children’s Centre, Women’s Resources and even Children’s Aid — which she used proactively when she needed help. To be sure, teen pregnancy still is an important health matter. As the Hastings Prince Edward Public Health Unit reported in its 2017 paper on the topic, “being pregnant as an adolescent or teenager places both the mother and the baby at greater risk for health issues. Teenage mothers have a higher risk of developing anemia, hypertension, eclampsia and depressive disorders.” The study also notes that “babies born to teenage mothers are at increased risk for preterm birth and low birth weight. These adverse birth outcomes will also increase the risk of perinatal mortality and childhood morbidities. Teenage mothers also have higher rates of smoking during pregnancy, lower rates of intention to breastfeed and lower rates of prenatal class attendance compared with other mothers. These behaviours impose a negative impact on the health of their infants.” So while the aggregated statistics don’t really matter, what does matter is the health of young mothers and their babies.    For its part, the local health unit has several programs that all expectant women can turn to for support. “The Health Unit offers free, credible prenatal e-learning classes to help expectant parents learn about labour, delivery and birth,” says Service, including adjusting to life with a new baby and caring for the baby, as well as themselves. “We also provide families with evidence-based information to make informed choices about infant feeding.” The health unit also offers the Healthy Babies, Healthy Children program, a service whereby health unit nurses

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Winter Wonderland

}} Embracing the cold

in Kawartha Lakes

“People don’t notice whether it’s winter or summer when they’re happy.” ~ Anton Chekhov We in Kawartha Lakes may not have the same perspective as a playwright living through Russian winters during the 1800s, but I’m pretty sure we notice winter. Being happy about it is largely a result of making friends with it. While curling and hockey may have the lion’s share of indoor participants, here are three ways to get outside and embrace those short days. Sandra Patrick of Down To Earth in downtown Lindsay has more than 20 years’ experience in an industry she says is always “on the edge.” She observes that winters are not like they were when we were kids. She feels we experience more days of -20 C followed by a week of rain than ever before. That hasn’t dampened the enthusiasm of what she calls “young retirees,” the portion of her customers who are 50-plus and turn to cross-country skiing as a way to keep healthy and enjoy some time outdoors. Classic-style cross-country skiing is often touted as one of the best exercises around since it is low impact and uses so many muscles; Patrick estimates 90 per cent of skiers still prefer it over the skate style that became popular in the 1990s. It is harder to locate trails groomed for skatestyle, and she finds that if her customers are going to ski in Kawartha Lakes, most will ski on their own property, or use nearby, ski-friendly golf courses and provincial parks. Aside from the obvious health benefits, Patrick points out that ski gear doesn’t wear out in a few seasons. The skis you bought 20 years ago likely still function perfectly, even as innovations in materials and design during that time have brought meaningful advances to the sport. Another plus is that unlike golf, for example, after that

GEOFF COLEMAN initial outlay, you don’t have to keep paying each time you want to use them. A $500 investment gets you started. Patrick is big on another option for winter enthusiasts: fat biking. While the term does bring a certain Queen song to mind, it is more about the bike than the rider. Fat bikes are the ones you see with what almost look like wide dirt-bike tires on them. While they won’t power through two feet of powder, they will easily handle a typical Kawartha Lakes winter road or a groomed trail at a park dedicated to fat biking. She points to Michigan’s Upper Peninsula as a place that has embraced the sport, and thanks to parks catering to it, has become a destination for enthusiasts. Best of all, if the snow melts, the bike still works. If trails then freeze up, the tires accept studs. A $1,000 investment will get you rolling.



Sandra Patrick of Down To Earth.


Rick Knoester and a friend at HB Cycle, Cameron.

Rick Knoester also has seen changes to winter. He says that 17 years ago when he started in sales at HB Cycle, one could anticipate a reliable, winter-long base of snow to start as far south as Orono. In his estimation, that line is now drawn in Kinmount. This has changed things for the rider who wants to start a trip from his or her own driveway, but snowmobiling is alive and well in Kawartha Lakes. Knoester notes two-thirds of his sales happen between the time of the Lindsay Exhibition — before a single flake has fallen — and Christmas Eve. Snowmobilers are planners and “blue sky-ers,” optimistic that winter will arrive with good conditions. This rider typically trades in a sled every three or four years and puts on 7,000 to 10,000 kilometres in that time. Knoester goes on to say that if one is willing to trailer to a trail, eight to 10 weeks of riding can be expected most years. Riders today are able to take advantage of advancements in engine technology. According to Knoester, a sled from the year 2000 would run for about 500 km on a jug of oil. By 2010, that was more like 1,500 km. Direct injection two-stroke engines burn less fuel and have lower emissions than ever before and four-strokes are even cleaner. Some of them, like those equipped with

the SkiDoo Advanced Combustion Engine, are allowed in national parks in the United States. An initial outlay of about $10,000 will get you on the trails. Pete Garnier was a long-time Lindsay resident until his career forced a move to Trenton, but he still spends some of his winter recreation time in the Kawarthas. Garnier is an ardent ice fisherman who serves as a member of the steering committee that angled for a winter panfish season in our zone. As a guide for hire, he knows a good thing when he sees it. There are 17 lakes with excellent panfish populations that can be fished within an hour’s drive of Lindsay. He reasons if the bite on one is slow, it only takes a few minutes to pack up a heater, portable shelter, depth finder, and find one that isn’t. To cash in, Garnier prefers light action rods up to about 40 inches long (about 100 cm), three- or four-pound test line and small hooks. Since you are usually fishing through a hole smaller than 30 cm, you will generally use a still line with a minnow swimming around, or use some kind of jig. Garnier swears by Angler’s Choice Wiggler and Crappie Fry baits, adding that cycling through the available colours of these tiny soft plastic artificial lures will keep fish biting through the day. The colourful big three of panfish — yellow perch, black crappie and bluegill — provide unmatched table fare all winter. Garnier suggests anglers should look for crappie and bluegill in or near weedbeds in the eight- to 12-foot depth range, or in deeper water found farther from shore in isolated basin areas. Perch, on the other CONT’D ON PAGE 23

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Bootstraps Need Boots BOOK REVIEW

}} One Tory’s Lonely Fight

to End Poverty in Canada JAMIE SWIFT

What happens when we’re young shapes us for life. That seems obvious, but it’s worth keeping in mind, particularly when we ponder the stubborn persistence of poverty in one of the world’s richest countries. Hugh Segal — former senator, longtime professor, lifetime politico — was born in Montreal in 1950, an “edge-ofpoverty working class kid,” as he refers to his upbringing in the book. One frigid winter day in the 1950s, his oft-unemployed cab-driver dad gave young Hugh’s treasured wooden toy box to a neighbour living in the same triplex. The man didn’t have the money to fuel his furnace. Young Hugh resented this act of charity. He would later come to understand that there were people poorer than the Segals. His family scraped by, navigating setbacks familiar to people living with less. The events seared themselves into his consciousness. “A bailiff arriving to seize your dad’s car and empty the house of furniture is not something that fades into distant memory. It stays with you, like a dark spot at the edge of a slice of bread,” he reflects. What works so well here is this former corporate executive’s visceral understanding of the pathologies of poverty. The way that feelings of insecurity and instability so often mould young lives, generating anger and loss, can “shape attitudes and emotional responses for years to come.”

Bootstraps Need Boots Hugh Segal (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2019) 197 pp, $32.95 is now available at Kent Bookstore in Lindsay.

Segal’s book is more than a gardenvariety political memoir. It has a clear political purpose: to continue his stubborn, 50-year effort to promote a guaranteed annual income. That’s what it was called when he first latched onto the idea just as he became a Conservative activist. Now it’s known as the basic income guarantee, or simply basic income. Segal realized it was an idea whose time had come during discussions at a 1969 Tory thinkers’ conference where David MacDonald was promoting it. Of course, he has always been a Red Tory, not a “steel-toed” (Segal’s term for partisan politicians) reactionary sort of conservative — the school of Canadian conservatism that includes politicians like Mike Harris, who was no friend to the poor. A key reason for Segal’s long push for basic income for all is his understanding of the cruel insanity that is Canada’s ruleriddled social assistance system. His long-time aide, Rosemary Brisson, gave him a line that the welfare safety net is “strong enough to entangle, too weak to lift.” Segal’s irrepressible optimism was rekindled into a blaze when Kathleen Wynne’s Ontario government asked him to craft the rationale and design for what became a full-blown, three-city, basic income experiment. The three areas were Hamilton, Thunder Bay, and Lindsay, with the largest contingent from the latter. To risk another understatement, Segal responded positively. He agreed


to do the work, refusing any fee. He needed the right answer when the media asked “How much is this former senator being paid to help the poor?” Segal held more than a hundred consultations in the summer of 2016. His report, Finding a Better Way, provided essential underpinning for Ontario’s 2017 Ontario Basic Income Pilot. Reiterating their previous promises, all three provincial parties agreed during the 2018 election campaign to support the research to its completion. Instead, Premier Doug Ford’s new government immediately put its steel-toed boots to the basic income project. Segal writes of his concern for people living with less who joined the research study in good faith, only to be “cruelly disappointed.” The betrayal by his fellow Conservatives was, for Segal, “beyond tragic.” Segal is a gifted writer who deploys a string of anecdotes like the toy box story to make his point about the screaming injustice that keeps him in the fight for fairness. In 1962 then-Prime Minister John Diefenbaker came to his high school class for a special assembly, in the middle of an election campaign. Describing the PM’s passion in vivid detail, Segal explains how Dief’s appearance was instrumental putting him on the Conservative path. Segal’s trade-union grandfather insisted that the Conservatives were the bosses’ party. That made no difference to a lad who nevertheless recalled his father being denounced by his own dad for buying a cheap suit because it was not union-made.

A rally at Victoria Park in Lindsay to protest the cancellation of the Ontario Basic Income Pilot.

Segal has had a peripatetic career. Leader of the Progressive Conservative Student Federation. Staffer for Tory opposition leader Robert Stanfield in Ottawa. Deputy minister and secretary of the policy and priorities board of cabinet for Ontario Premier Bill Davis during the Big Blue Machine years. Davis appointed Segal associate secretary of cabinet for federal-provincial relations at a crucial

moment in Canadian political history, at the height of the ferment around constitutional repatriation and the birth of Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

In 1962 then-Prime Minister John Diefenbaker came to his high school class for a special assembly, in the middle of an election campaign. Describing the PM’s passion in vivid detail, Segal explains how Dief’s appearance was instrumental putting him on the Conservative path. In the waning years of Brian Mulroney’s administration, the prime minister appointed Segal as his chief of staff. He would later become a Conservative senator for Kingston, appointed by Liberal Prime Minister Paul Martin. There also were stints as professor of policy studies at Queen’s and Master of Massey College at the University of Toronto. Bootstraps Need Boots is dedicated to his mother Sadye and to his political mentor, the long-time Progressive Conservative, David MacDonald. Fourteen years Segal’s senior, the P.E.I. native would eventually move to the New Democrats. In portraying his fellow Red Tory, Segal unwittingly describes himself: a mix of “humanity, skill, can-do optimism, infectious idealism, and inspired naiveté…” Segal’s book reflects the author’s deep understanding of his country. He has travelled widely, especially during his senate years, talking to hundreds of people who share with him the experience of living in poverty. He lucidly explains the hardwired link between poverty and spiralling health care costs. Cutting the first will mean dramatic reductions in the latter. He admits that there have been setbacks. But this stubborn campaigner for social justice doesn’t seem deterred. “The battle has not ended,” Segal concludes. Bootstraps Need Boots is now available at Kent Bookstore in Lindsay. Jamie Swift is a Kingston writer and author, most recently, of The Vimy Trap: Or, How We Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Great War (with Ian McKay), finalist for the Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing.




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hand, seemingly can be found just about anywhere in local lakes. Look for them along deep weed lines and along just about any type of structure or changes in composition of the bottom. Using sonar is extremely helpful when trying to locate all these subtleties, and Garnier suggests his sonar unit is likely his most valuable piece of equipment on the ice. While they are plentiful, panfish populations can overfished. As a rule of thumb, most bluegills over 20 centimetres (eight inches) long should be released. The same goes for crappies reaching 30 cm (12 inches). They grow fast initially, but slowly add those last couple of centimetres that make a trophy, so a big panfish could actually be a teenager. The importance of staying safe and using good judgement on the ice can’t be overstated. Garnier also believes we have seen more variable winter weather patterns in the last decade, and the Kawarthas are already at the southern extent of ice-making in Ontario. Couple that with the fact there is water moving under the ice in all the lakes, and you’ve got enough reason to check the ice carefully when you get to a new spot. Ten cm (four inches) of clear ice will support someone getting around on foot. An investment of $1,500 puts you in a shelter with heat, a ‘finder, all the rods and tackle and sled to haul everything.

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will phone and offer support to all new mothers within 48 hours of them coming home from the hospital. The nurses provide in-home visits with new parents, offer support for breastfeeding and connecting with the baby, dealing with depression, and promoting healthy growth and development. The health unit also runs parenting support groups with community partners, where they can answer questions and address parental concerns. It is not clear at this time whether any of these vital services will be affected by the Ford government’s plans to rationalize and cut public health services. The latest plans call for municipalities to cover 30 per cent of health unit expenses. (The province had previously covered 100 per cent of these costs). In the end this isn’t an issue about statistics. It is about supporting younger members of our community.

It is not clear at this time whether any of these vital services will be affected by the Ford government’s plans to rationalize and cut public health services. The latest plans call for municipalities to cover 30 per cent of health unit expenses. As Service explains, “We encourage anyone, including teenagers, who are sexually active to make healthy choices. This includes using safe and effective hormonal birth control contraceptives or intrauterine contraceptives (IUCs). Using condoms during sex is also very important to reduce the risk of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted Infections.” Service notes that when a teen finds out she’s pregnant it can be “a very emotional time.” There are choices that need to be made — often ones that can be difficult. Women may want to discuss their options with their partners, close friend, parent, or family doctor. Registered nurses at the health unit’s sexual health clinics can also provide confidential, non-judgmental advice. To speak to a health unit nurse or book a confidential appointment, call 1-866-888-4577, ext. 1205.

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Jenny Connell: Unwrapped

}} New store aims for zero waste and sustainable living

For her rustic and reused-themed wedding Jenny Connell took a friend’s mother up on an offer of mismatched dishes and cutlery that otherwise sits in boxes 363 days of the year — brought out only for the annual Amnesty International and Machik dinners. Afterwards Jenny and her husband, Sam, rolled up their sleeves, cleaned off the dishes, and before heading off on their honeymoon, returned them (along with a donation to Amnesty International). When I heard this my thought was: Here is a young woman who is frugal and pragmatic, socially responsible, and not afraid to chart her own course.   Those are qualities she’ll need in her new venture. On Jan. 15 Jenny will open Unwrapped, described on her website as Lindsay’s first zero waste and sustainable living store, offering plastic-free replacements for everyday items and bulk refills of natural and Canadian-made personal care and household cleaning products. No question there’s a need. Just consider — Canadians use 15 billion plastic bags a year and only nine per cent is actually recycled.  And Jenny’s timing couldn’t be better: In late November council passed a voluntary ban on single-use plastics for Kawartha Lakes.  To find out more about Jenny and her business, I arrange to meet over coffee at Boiling Over.  She arrives — and this shouldn’t surprise anyone — with a travel mug.


Jenny isn’t yet at the levels of waste reduction achieved by her personal hero, Bea Johnson (the Zero Waste Home author whose family generates just one quart/litre of garbage a year), but she’s been doing everything she can. She and her family use bamboo toothbrushes, and cloths instead of paper towels. Her cleaners are homemade from vinegar, baking soda and lemon juice. She takes her own containers to Burns Bulk Food.   Frustratingly, for a number of products she’s had to drive to Peterborough. A trip to Peterborough to refill shampoo was not environmentally smart.  Jenny saw a need for a local business. “People want to make a change, but it has to be convenient,” she says.


So, what has led a 34-year-old Ross Memorial nurse with limited business experience and two young children (four-year-old Emmy and two-year-old Louise) to open an independent zero-waste shop? “I’d always called myself an environmentalist,” Jenny tells me, “but more recently, after having kids, I realized how much packaging comes with everything. When I was home with the kids I was more conscious and mindful of my choices.”  


Jenny Connell


She envisioned a store to which customers would bring their own containers. All items — everything from natural brushes and cleaners to reusable tea bags — would come unwrapped, which, on reflection, seemed like a catchy store name.    


Research first. Jenny visited eco-businesses and collected ideas from Instagram. Friends and neighbours made requests for items such as shampoo bars and cosmetics. Wherever possible she found and ordered from Canadian sources. Only a handful of products will be from the U.S., and only brushes from Germany come from further afield. Best of all, in her view, was sourcing locally.  From Cheeks Ahoy, based in Fowler’s Corners, she’s ordered flannel Unpaper Towels, which can be washed and reused hundreds of times. From here in Lindsay she’s ordered dishcloths and baskets crocheted by Robinglade Yarnworks.    Jenny had always supported and been drawn to Lindsay’s downtown and in October, Steve Podolsky, a landlord and vice-chair of Lindsay downtown Business Improvement Area, let her know 101 Kent Street had become available.  Longtime residents will remember it as Pilkington’s: smokes at the counter, walls lined with racks of magazines. In Jenny’s eyes it’s perfect: pressed-tincovered walls and 12-foot (3.6-metre) ceiling,  original hardwood floors. All that’s been needed has been minor painting and a storefront sign ordered from a local business, Auto Trim Design and Sign.      As she prepares for the opening, Jenny is, she says, “in equal parts excited and terrified.” It’s a little daunting going it alone, she admits, and for her financing she’s relying on personal savings and support from family — no angel investors or business loans.  She’s grateful for support that’s taken many forms. Her parents have provided childcare. Tradespeople, including an electrician friend, have assisted; other friends helped with the painting. From Louise Scully, owner of Sweet Annie’s, she’s had business advice. “Without that I wouldn’t have been able to jump in,” she tells me.   Her hope is that Unwrapped customers will find they can save some money (since they won’t be paying for packaging) while doing something good for the environment. For Jenny, personally, it’s about sustainability, and the future she wants for her children.   


The City’s voluntary single-use-plastic ban rests on the premise that we all want to do the right thing to reduce our environmental footprint.   But as Jenny points out, in a world full of plastic it’s not realistic to expect everyone to eliminate it from their lives. “It’s important to just make one small change at a time,” she says. “Once you’re comfortable with that, add another.” The one I’ll be starting with, in place of my plastic-wrapped packs of plastic-handled razors (brought home in a plastic bag) — is the stainless steel safety razor Unwrapped will be carrying, a version of which served my dad well for many decades.  For you? You’ll find lots of possibilities at Unwrapped.

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‘A Great Event’

}} The Lindsay Winter Carnival of 1912 - 1917

It’s the middle of winter in Lindsay, circa 1912. A fresh blanket of snow covers the ground, glistening like freshly-ground glass whenever the sun avails itself of an opportunity to peek through the clouds. A few cutters drift by, the jingling bells on the horses bringing some much-needed merriment to the cold, bleak surroundings. A distinguished-looking gentleman mutters an audible oath as he takes a spill on some black ice — leaving his new coat covered in dirt and snow, and leaving a passing group of churchgoing women aghast at his equally filthy choice of language. Up at the Collegiate Institute, a group of upper-year students is gathered in the cloakroom following an equally dreary day of study. “Can’t say that I’m too interested in reading Latin at this time of year,” remarks one lad. “I wish we could go somewhere warm. Too cold ’round about these parts for me.” His friends look up at him in astonishment. “What on earth has gotten into your head, Art?” one of them asks. “You’ve been living in Victoria County for all of your 17 years. You’ll survive.” The others in the group solemnly nod their heads in agreement. “Sheer snobbery, if you ask me,” chimes in a third voice. “You should be glad to have a furnace


at your place. My uncle George lives around the corner from a family who can barely afford to heat their house.” Art shrugs indifferently. “Our house might be warm, but winter in Lindsay is no fun. Same old games of shinny, same old hills for tobogganing, same old chores, same old Latin lessons, same old school principal.” A cross expression appears on the face of the third boy. “Nonsense,” he states. “There’s plenty to do. There’s a theatre to patronize, a rink to skate on, and plenty of action over yonder at the Grand Trunk yards,” he says. “Can’t complain about there being nothin’ to do in Lindsay.” “I’m just not a winter person,” Art sighs. The conversation turns to other topics as the group finishes bundling up. The young men head outside and walk down Kent Street, throwing a few snowballs at unsuspecting targets en route. “Say, look at this!” Art exclaims, reaching

Entrants line up to participate in a cutter race in downtown Lindsay. Photo courtesy of Kawartha Lakes Public Library.


down into the snow and retrieving a slightly soggy piece of paper. It’s a large poster. “What does it say?” one boy asks. Art carefully unfolds it. “A GREAT EVENT: THE LINDSAY WINTER CARNIVAL,” he reads. “Under the Auspices of the ‘Lindsay Advancement Club.’” The other boys crowd about him and scan the poster. “THREE DAYS OF WINTER ENJOYMENT FOR EVERYBODY,” the poster proclaims. “This is something New, Unique, Entertaining and should be Attended by Everyone. PLAN TO COME.” Art folds up the poster and smiles for the first time that afternoon. “Well, fellows, it looks like we have something to look forward to!” A week later, Lindsay’s downtown is buzzing with activity. Opening day of the winter carnival sees the executive of the Lindsay Advancement Club — an organization made up of young businessmen — scurrying about, attending to last-minute details. Allan Gillies, the president, is conferring with the gentlemen entrusted to judge the various events scheduled for the threeday extravaganza. Felix Forbert, the secretary, is dashing out of the Town Hall, where merchants and manufacturers have set up a splendid exhibit of locally-made products. George Matthie, treasurer of the club, is spotted walking into a bank, the normally austere-looking temple of finance finally sporting some cheery decor. Throngs of citizens and visitors are soon making their way down the crowded main street, mingling with the storekeepers who are eagerly looking forward to an upswing in business as the town’s population doubles for a few days. Already, the intersection of Kent and William Streets has been completely blocked with people, excitedly awaiting the arrival of Jake Killcopycott’s “Rube Band” — which will be joined by the Citizens’ Band, and the inevitable pipe band to fill the streets with the sound of music. There are prizes for the jolliest sleighing party, the handsomest carriage team, and “the man who brings the largest load of people to Lindsay”  (and Ralph Clarke, the jovial engineer in charge of the Lindsay-to-Haliburton train, is overheard to say that he should be the recipient). There are dog shows, comic costume contests, and tug-of-war games between teams from all parts of town. Down at the Academy and Wonderland Theatres, both at the bottom of Kent Street, “some of the finest reels ever presented in Lindsay” are going up on the big screen. “No one can say Lindsay is slow!”  gushes  a visitor from neighbouring Peterborough as the grand parade passes by. Art and his gang of classmates from the Collegiate Institute unanimously agree. They needn’t leave Lindsay to enjoy warmer climates — the warmth of feeling evident in the faces of  citizen and visitor alike is more than enough to compensate. The Lindsay Winter Carnival will go on to enjoy another five years of resounding success. “You must not leave us with the idea that the people of Lindsay believe in all work and no play,” Mayor Robert Beal tells an audience gathered at the corner of Kent and Lindsay Streets during the 1913 carnival. Nearly 110 years later, winter remains — at least for some — one of the most-anticipated seasons in Kawartha Lakes. — While the young men were fictional in this story, the places, events and timelines were real.

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Ready, Set, Nothing

The new strategic plan for the City of Kawartha Lakes, in all its aspirational glory, defines its vision as follows: “to nurture and grow our vibrant communities in a thriving and natural environment.” Any strategic plan starts with a vision, and people who get paid to write these things for a living suggest that it be short, tight and inspirational. I think the framers of our plan nailed that one. That sounds like something I would wish for everyone. The high-definition pictures (always a staple in any such plan) bring that vision home. It looks so good that I found myself thinking that I was thriving in my natural environment! But of course a strategic plan is more than a good vision told using good graphic design and a sensible font selection. From the vision flows the guiding principles of which the first mentioned is fiscal responsibility. Fair enough, I guess. The vision forms the values, such as accountability, respect and teamwork. In “accountability” the (draft) document says that “We strive to make decisions in the best interest of all citizens, balancing needs with affordability.” We will have a “thriving natural environment” only if we can afford it. Ahoy! Steady as she goes! Don’t mind the rising sea levels! We don’t even live near the sea! Under the section for the “respect” value, we are called to “listen [so as] to better understand other perspectives.” With God as my witness I will try to do that. But I won’t lie; that’s hard to do sometimes. If our vision is a healthy environment and we have Councillor Dunn tweeting out climate change denial videos, I for one experience a little cognitive dissonance. How is this elected official going to bring us to that environmental promised land? The Healthy Environment Plan actually recognizes climate change so I worry when two out of eight councillors have publicly denied climate change science. But no matter. When you read the plan itself it’s really strong on words but pretty light on substance. It notes that we should proceed very cautiously: “A key first step in implementation for the City will be to identify no or lowcost actions.” Some cities are declaring climate emergencies and electrifying their fleet. We are talking about possibly doing something someday and only if we can afford it. I always try to start the year off with some sort of optimism but for our communal strategic plan I am reminded of a Japanese proverb: Vision without action is a daydream.


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Adelaide opening in in2020 2020 Adelaide Place Place opening

Adelaide Place opening in 2020 Adelaide Place opening in 2020 A A AA

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Adelaide Place opening in 2020 A A

delaide Place Senior Living Chef, housekeeping services, personal Community is scheduled to open in care services, medical alert system and delaide Place Senior Chef, housekeeping services, personal care services, mid-2020 andLiving will Community consist of is independent more. scheduled open in mid,full 2020 and willand consist medical alert and more.fee, Adelaide Place rentaltosuites with kitchens in-suite For system an additional of independent rental suites with full kitchens and inlaundry. has you a team care professionals When chooseoftohealth call Adelaide Place home, suite laundry. Suites will be spacious and modern, that offer around-the-clock opportunities abound for enjoying thewellness companyand of bright and airy.and Create yourbright new and home friends in care your security, comfort and services family. Thfor e billiards room, lounge and Suites will be spacious modern, one of the 90 one and two-bedroom suites. and peace of mind. airy. Create your new home in one of the 90 one and party room on the second floor are great places to Allsuites. suites include five appliances – refrigsocialize. When you choose to call Adelaide two-bedroom erator, stove, dishwasher, washer and Place home, opportunities abound for are interested in making Adelaide All suites include ve appliances - refrigerator, dryer. fiSuite prices also enjoying the company of friends and Place faminclude stove, a satelliteIf you Seniorily. Living your new home,and deposits dishwasher,television washer and dryer. Prices also include a and TheCommunity billiards room, lounge party package, telephone package are now being accepted to put a hold on a specifi c satellite television package, telephone package and internet access to keep you connected. room on the second floor are great places internet access to keep you connected. Becausewithout a suite. to socialize. Because a house is not a home house is notcertain a home family without certain familyour members, If you are interested in making members, suites are we are alsoalso pet-friendly (some restrictions pet-friendly (someapply.) restrictions Adelaide Place your new home, contact apply). Tish Black at or Residents will have access to several optional will have to several 705-340-4000 for more information. services, suchResidents as meals prepared by access our Executive optional services (at an additional fee), Deposits are now being accepted to put a such as meals prepared by our Executive hold on a specific suite.

Lindsay’sNewest Newest Concept Concept in Lindsay’s in Senior SeniorLiving Living 40% LEASED! is now taking “deposits” is now taking “deposits” Adelaide Place Senior Living Community scheduled Adelaide Place Senior Community scheduled to openLiving in mid, 2020 to open in mid, 2020

• Ninety independent rental suites • •Ninety independent rental suites One and two bedroom options (710-1160 sq. ft.) Lindsay’s Newest Concept in Senior Living • •One andwill twofeature bedroom options (710-1160 sq. ft.) isSuites now taking “deposits” full kitchens and in-suite laundry Adelaide Seniorwill Living feature Community • •Place Suites full kitchens andterrace, in-suitedining laundry Amenities includescheduled a large outdoor room, to open in mid, 2020 billiards and partyaroom, • Ninety rental suites • independent Amenities include largegarage outdoorparking terrace, dining room, • One and two bedroom options (710-1160 sq. ft.) billiards andandparty room, garage parkingand services have access to amenities • Suites• will Residents feature full kitchenswill in-suite laundry • Amenities at include a large outdoor terrace, dining room, the existing retirement • Residents will have accesscommunity to amenities and services billiards and party room, garage parking • Residents will have access to amenities and services at the existing retirement community at the existing retirement community




Start living the retirement you deserve! Start living the retirement you deserve!

Start living the retirement you deserve!

Y 2019

Y 2019

*Suite layouts may vary and furniture is not included


Contact us today for more information: Tish Black (705)340-4000 or 17 84 Adelaide St. S., Lindsay


*Suite layouts may vary and furniture is not included

*Suite layoutsor vary and furniture is not included Tishus Black (705) Contact today for340-4000 more information: 84 Adelaide St. S., Lindsay | 17 Contact us today for information: Tish Black (705)340-4000 or more 84 Adelaide St. S., Lindsay

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