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1

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI


FUn-t‰m-dn-b¬

bp.Un.F^v A[nImcØn¬ ]m¿esa‚ v Xncs™Sp∏nepw Xt±ikzbw`cW ÿm]\ßfnte°v \S∂ Xncs™Sp∏nepw h≥hnPbw t\Snb bp.Un.F^n\v \nbak`mXncs™Sp∏n¬ B hnPbw Bh¿Øn°m≥ Ign™n√. CSXpap∂Wn hn.F ns\ ap∂n¬\n¿Øn \SØnb t]mcm´w tIcf-Øn\v ]cn-Nn-X-a-√m-sØmcp Bth-i-s°m-Sp-¶m-‰p-b¿Øn At±lw ]s¶-SpØ tbmK-ß-fnte°v h≥tXm-Xn¬ kv{XoIfS-°-ap≈ P\-߃ Hgp-In-sb-Øn-. Cu Xnc-s™-Sp-∏ns\ kzm[o-\n-® G‰hpw {][m\ LS-Ihpw AXm-sW∂v Xncs™Sp∏v ^ew sXfn-bn®p. hn.-F- ns‚ tbmK-ßfnse Bƒ°q´w thm´p-I-fmbn amdn-s√∂ {]N-c-WsØ Aÿm-\-Øm-°nb ^e-amWv CS-Xpap∂Wn°v In´n-b-Xv. \qdv ko‰n-e-[nIw {]Xo-£n-®n-d-ßnb bp.-Un.-F-^ns\ 72 ko‰n-sem-Xp°n kΩ¿±-Øn-emgvØn. hn.-F v \bn® k¿°m-cn\v FXn¿ thm´p-I-fn-s√∂v B a{¥n-k-`-bnse _lp-`q-cn-]£w a-{¥n-am-cpsS hnP-bhpw AhcpsS `qcn-]-£hpw sXfn-bn-®p. tIm´btØbpw FdWmIpftØbpw \yq\]£thm´pIfpw Nne ko‰p-I-fn¬ ]me-°mSv \S-Ønb Nm©m-´hpw Xncp-h\ - ¥ - ] - p-cØv ]Xn-hp-t]mse \S-Ønb `c-Wa - m‰ B{K-lhpw Ah¿°v IjvSn®v `cn°m\p≈ `qcn]£ap≠m-°n-s°m-SpØp. tIcfØns‚ Ncn{XØnemZyambn `cWØnencps∂mcp I£n°v P\ßfn¬ \n∂pw C{Xtbsd ]n¥pW e`n® (140 ¬ 68 ko‰v) Hchkcw D≠mbn´n√. 72 ko‰pIfpambn `cWØnseØp∂ bp.Un.F^n\v XXv°mew {]iv\ßfnens√¶nepw t\cnb `qcn]£tØmsS `cn®n´p≈ Ahk-c-Øn-sems° D≠m-bn-´p≈ Ah-cpsS ]q¿hNcn{Xw H´pw A\pIqea√. `qcn]£w In´nb ap∂Wnsb `cn°m≥ A\phZnt°≠Xv P\m[n]Xy acymZbmWv. ÿm\samgn™ apJya{¥n hn.F pw ]m¿´n sk{I´dnbpw {]Xn]£Øncn°psa∂ hy‡amb kqN\ \¬InbXn\m¬ bp.Un.F^n\v XXv°mew {]iv\ßfn√. kaqeamb Agn®p]WntbmsSbp≈ `cWw Cu `qcn]£Øn¬ Ah¿°v A{X Ffp∏ambncn°n√. A[nImcØn\pth≠n ISn]nSn IqSp∂ AhcpsS ]gb kz`mhw ]pdsØSpØm¬ A©ph¿jw ]q¿Ønbm°m≥ _p≤nap´mIpw. 1987 apX¬ CSXpap∂Wn kzoIcn®pt]mcp∂ XXzm[njv T nXamb \ne]mSv Hcp ]cn[nhsc sNdpI£nIsf tNcnam‰Øn¬ \n∂pw ]n¥ncn∏n°p∂p. ap∂Wn amdn NmSn°fn°p∂ AhcpsS kz`mhw ]pXnb cq]Øn¬ C\n ]pdØphcptam? Ccpap∂WnIfpw amdn amdn A[nImcØn¬ h∂t∏mƒ P\߃ \¬Inbncp∂ henb `qcn]£hpw Hcp ]cn[n hsc kpÿnc`cWw Imgv N hbv ° m≥ ap∂WnIƒ°v Ign™ncp∂p. F∂ment∏mƒ bp.Un.F^n\v e`n® t\cnb `qcn]£w Hcp kpÿnc`cWw ImgvNhbv°m≥ Ah¿°v Ignbptam F∂ Bi¶bpW¿Øp∂p. Ct∏mg°mcyw N¿® sNøp∂Xv DNnXas√¶nepw `qXImem\p`hßfpsS shfn®Øn¬ `cW AÿncXbv°v km[yXItfsdbp≠v . CSXpap∂Wn AhcpsS \bw hy‡am°n°gn™Xn\m¬ bp.Un.F^mWv kz¥w ap∂Wn kJm°sf {i≤nt°≠Xv. kar≤amb JP\mhpambn `cWw Ahkm\n∏n® CSXpap∂WnbpsS \b]cn]mSnIƒ P\ßfn¬ henb aXn∏pfhm°nbncp∂psh∂Xv P\hn[nbpsS ]›mØeØn¬ bp.Un.F^v Xncn®dnbWsa∂mWv R߃°v Cub-h-k-c-Øn¬ ]dbm\p≈Xv. Ih\mebw t_mkv No^v FUn¡¿

online magazine : www.saaketham.com


kmtIXw

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kºq¿Æ amknI

tabv 2011 ]pkvXIw 5 e°w 12 hne 15

IhnXIƒ _n≥emZ≥ h[w Db¿Øp∂ tNmZy߃ IrjvWap\n

42 F\n°v Fw. B¿. at\mlch¿Ω \h\oXw 43 ssIhey NmØ\mØv ANypX\pÆn hnjmZw 43 N{µs≥d Nmƒkv t_mZveb¿ ]cn`mj: tdmjv\n kz]v\

49 F≥tUmkƒ^m≥ Henh¿ 63 IÆmSn BcymSv hmkptZh≥ 63 Xp∂¬°mcn A\nb≥ Ah¿Ω 9

{]Xybimkv{X \ncmIcWhpw s{]m^jW¬ cmjv{Sobhpw F. Fkv. lcnZmkv

16

t{]£IcpsS ]pXnbh¿§w Fw.sI.lcnIpam¿

19

Nm°me, Nµ\K\v[߃ IÆq¿tIm´ Un. hn\bN{µ≥

23

amXfw ]qØt∏mƒ tUm.thWp tXm∂bv°¬

°v 63 am[hn°p´nbv kn.]n.N{µ≥

6 ]m-In-ÿm--\n¬ kpc-£n-X-ambn- h¿j-ßt-- fm-fw- I-gn-bm≥ A¬Iz--bn-Z- ÿm-]I -- ≥ _n≥em--Z-\p- I-gn-™p-.- ]m-In-ÿm≥ F¥p--sIm≠v kpc-£n-X-amWv F∂ {]-iv\a-- m-Wv A-t\z--jn-t°-≠X -- v.- `o-Ic-- -X-s°-Xn-cm-bn- H-cn-SØv t]m-cm--Sp∂ ]m-Inÿm≥,- `oI-csc-Øs∂ kw-c-£n-°p-∂p-.- ]m-Iv X-e-ÿm--\Øn--\S-- pØv,- ssk-\n-I - A -- -°m-Z-an-°-SpØv _n≥em--Z≥ Xm-a-kn-®-Xv,- ]-e- hn-[-Øn¬ A-t±--l-Øn-\v kpc-£n-XXzw- e-`n°p--sa∂v Dd-∏p-≈-Xn-\m-emhmw-.Atd_y≥hnπhßfpsS ImWm°mgvNIƒ

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51

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F.hn. ^n¿Zukv

55 Acbv°vNp¡pw

Acnhmƒ P\m¿±\≥h√tØcn

26 A¿∞m¥cw hcp∂ hgnIƒ sI.]n. ctaiv

60 F¥n\v tIm´pIm¬

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12

SmtKm¿kvacW \q¡ºXmwh¿jØn¬ sI. Fw. APo¿Ip´n

]›n-ta-jy≥ cm-jv{Sßfp-am-bpw- C…m-an-I- k-aq-lßfp-am-bpw- _‘s∏´ hm¿ØI-fn¬ B-tKm-f-am-[y-a- ap-X-em-fnØØn-s‚bpw- hw-io-b-am-b- D]-Pm-]ßfp-sS-bpw- L-S-I߃ ]-e-t∏m-gpw- bm-Ym¿∞y߃°p-Np‰p-ambn- ]p-I-a-d-Iƒ ]-Wn-Xp-sh-bv°m-dp≠v.-

kmtIXw No^v FUn¡¿ Ih\mebw t_mkv amt\PnwKv FUn¡¿ ktcmPm kp`mjv

cq]Iev]\ P\d¬ amt\P¿ Po\nb¬ kptcjv (am¿°¡nwKv) B¿.]Xva\m`]Wn°¿ ssS∏vsk¡nwKv kpkvanX k\n¬ Hm¨sse≥ FUn¡¿ Zo]Iv Ipt∂¬ hntZ-i-{]-Xn-\n-[nhc tKmIp¬ sI.-Fkv (e-≠≥) cq] Online mgazine: www.saaketham.com e-mail : saaketham.magazine@gmail.com saaketham114@yahoo.co.in knsbose@yahoo.com

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B\pImenIw

6

amknI

IrjvWap\n

_n≥em-Z≥ h[wDb ]m- I n- ÿ m--\ n¬-- H--f n®p- I- g n™ em- Z - \ v Fßs\- kp- c - £ n--X - X zw- In´n- ? F¥p--s Im≠v H- _ m- a - _n≥em--Z - s ‚ ar- X - i- c o--c w-- th- K w- I- S- e n¬ kw- k v I - c n®p- ?

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I - n-ÿm--\n¬ kpc-£n-Xa - mbnh¿j-ßt-- fm-fw- I-gn-bm≥ A¬Iz-bn-Z- ÿm-]I -- ≥ _n≥em--Z-\p- I-gn™p-.- ]m-In-ÿm≥ F¥p--sIm≠v kpc-£n-Xa - mWv F∂ {]-iv\a-- m-Wv A-t\z--jn--t°-≠X -- v.- `o-Ic-- -X-s°-Xncm-bn- H-cn-SØv t]m-cm--Sp∂ ]m-Inÿm≥,- `oI-csc-Øs∂ kw-c£ - n°p-∂p-.- ]m-Iv X-eÿ - m--\Ø - n--\S-- pØv,ssk- \ n- I - - A - ° m- Z - a n- ° - S pØv _n≥em--Z≥ Xm-ak -- n-®-Xv,- ]-e- hn-[Øn¬ A- t ±--l - Ø n- \ v kpc- £ nXXzw- e-`n-°p--sa∂v Dd-∏p-≈-Xn-\memhmw-.- {]-[m-\-am-bpw- _n≥em-Zs‚ h-[w- D-b¿Øp∂ tNm-Zy-߃ C-hb -- m--Wv.

tabv 2011

1-)2-)

3-)

4-)-

5-)-

6-)-

_n≥em--Z\ - v C¥y--bn¬ H-fn®pXm-a-kn-°m≥ I-gn-bp-tam-? ]m- I n- ÿ m--\ n¬-- H- f n®p- Ign™ em-Z-\v Fßs\- kp-c£n--X-Xzw- In´n-? `o-Ic-- h -- n--cp≤ {]-h¿Ø--\-Øn-\v ]m-Inÿm≥ A-ta--cn-°b -- n¬ \n∂v ssI∏-‰p∂ Xp-I- F¥n-\p--]t-- bm--Kn-°p∂p-? _n≥em--Z ≥ th´ A- Y - h mHm∏--t d--j ≥ P- t dm--\ n- t amC¥y°v B-hn--jvIc-- n-°m-s\m°p-tam-? F¥p--sIm≠v H-_m-a- _n≥em-Z-s‚ ar-X-ic-- o--cw-- th-Kw- I-S-en¬ kw-kvI-cn®p-? H-_m--ab -- p-sS- cm-jv{So-b-am-b- {]-

Xn- O m- b - h¿≤n- ∏ n- ° m≥ _n≥em-Zs - ‚ h-[w- F-{X--tØmfw- klm-b-I-amWv? 7-)- _n≥em--Z-s‚ h-[t-- Øm--Sp--Iq-SnA¬Iz--bvZb -- p-sS- `o-Ic-- -X- Ah--km--\n-°p-tam-? Cu- tNm-Zy-ßs-- f√mw-,- H-cp--]s£,- h-cpw- \m-fp--If-- n¬ Iq--Sp--X¬ N¿® sNø-s∏-t´°mw-._n≥em-Z-\v C¥y--bn¬ H-fn®pXm-a-kn-°m≥ I-gn-bp-tam- F∂ tNm-Zy-Øn-\v {]-k-‡n--bp-≠v.- ]-ekv t ^m- S- \ - ß fpw- \- S - ∂ n- ´ p≈ C¥y--b n¬ C- t ∏m- g pw- `o- I- c- { ]-h¿Ø\w- \-S-°p-∂p-.- ]m-In-ÿm-\n¬ em-Z≥ sskz-cy--am-bn- Xm-a-kn®p- F∂Xv,- C¥y-bv°v kz¥w-


kmtIXw

7

amknI

Hm∏tdj≥ sPtdm\ntam ssehmbv H_ma ImWp∂p.

_n≥em--Z - s ‚ h- [- t Øm--S p--I q- S n- A¬Iz--b v Z- b p- s S- `o- I- c - X - A- h- k m--\ n°p- t am- ? H- _ m--a- b p- s S- cm- j v { So- b - a m- b - {]- X n- Om- b - h¿≤n- ∏ n- ° m≥ _n≥em--Z - s ‚ h- [ wF- { X--t Øm- f w- k- l m--b- I- a m- W v ? kp-c£m- kw-hn--[m--\ß - fpw- ]-cn--tim- [- \- I - f pw- sa®--s ∏--S p- Ø m--\ p≈ kµ¿`-amWv.- C¥y-bp-sS- h-S°p]-Sn-™m-tdm-,- h-S°p- In-g-t°m- taJ--eI -- f-- n--em-Wv em-Z≥ I-gn-™n--cp-∂- s X¶n¬ A- X v B- t em-- N n- ° m≥ t]m- e pw- I- g n--b p--a m--b n--c p- ∂ n- √ .hm¿Øm--hn--\n--ab -- -kw--hn--[m--\ßfn√mØ Im-ivao-cn- ae-\n-c-I-fn¬ Xßn-bmepw- I≠p-]n-Sn-°m≥ {]bmk-am-bn-cn°pw-.- F∂m¬ em-Z≥ C¥y--bn¬ Xm-ak -- n-°m≥ Xøm-dmhp-I-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v th-WwA-\p--am--\n-°m≥.- C¥y--bn-se- H-cp`c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbpw-,- {]m-tZ--in-I- `-c-W-- kw--hn-[m--\-ßfpw- H-cp- X-c-Ønepw- C-Xv h®p- s]m-dp-∏n-°p--Ib -- n-√.

tabv 2011

A-Xp--sIm≠v ]m-In-ÿm-s\Xn-cs-- ™--SpØ em-Z-\v,- \n›--ba-- mbpw- A-hn--Sp-sØ cm-jv{So-b- Im-em- h - ÿ bpw- B- ` y- ¥- c- k w--L ¿jßfpw- A-\p--Iq--ea-- m-b- a-d- H-cp-°n-sImSp-Øn-´p≠mh-Ww-. I-gn™ ]Øp- h¿j-Øn--\n--S-bn¬ ]m- I n- ÿ m- \ v A- t a--c n° c≠m--bn-cw- tIm-Sn- tUm-fd-- m-Wv `oI--ch -- n--cp≤ {]-h¿Ø--\-߃°m-bn\¬In--b- X v . - Cu- Xp- I - ]m- I nÿm≥ a‰m--hi -- y-߃°v D-]t-- bm--Kn°p--Ib -- m--sW∂v A-\p--am--\n-°mw-.Cu- h-c-hv \n-e\ -- n¿Øp-∂X -- n--\p-th≠n-,- cmPyØv `o--I-c-cp--am-bp≈ ]q®bpw- F-en-bpw- I-fn- Xp-S-cm-sX\n-h¿Øn--bn-√.- Cu- ]q®bpw- F-

en-bpw- I-fn- em-Z≥ h-[Øn-\p-tij-ap≈ ]m-Inÿm-s‚ {]-kvXm-h\-I-fn¬ t]m-epw- hy‡am-Wv. ]m-Inÿm-\n¬ A-ta-cn° Iam≥tUm- Hm∏td- j ≥ \SØp∂Xn¬ F-Xn¿∏n√.- F∂m¬ C¥y- A-Xp-t]m-sem∂n-\p- Xp\n™m¬ Xn-cn®Sn°pw ˛ C-XmWv ]m-Inÿm-s‚ \-bw-.- C-Xn¬ \n∂v hy‡am-hp∂ kw-K-Xn-,- `oI-c-hn-cp≤t]m-cm´Øn¬ B- cmPyØn-\v hy‡am-b- kmºØn-IA-P≠ D-s≠∂m-Wv.- H-cp- cm-{Xnbn¬ A-ta-cn°bp-sS- \m-ev slen-tIm-]vS-dp-Iƒ h∂v \m-ev]-Xv an\n´v bp≤w- sN-bvXn´pw-,- A-hn-sSbm-cpw- A-X-dn™n√ F∂v ]-d-


kmtIXw

8

bp∂Xv B- c pw- hn- i zkn°n√.- \m-ep- sl-entIm-]vS-dp-I-fp-sS- i-_vZwX-s∂ F-{X- `-b¶cam-bncn°pw-.- C-Xn-\p-]p-dt- a- Ah¿ \n¿Øm-sX- sh-Sn-hbv°p-I-bpw- sN-bvXp-.- Hcp- Im-cyw- hy‡am-Wv.A-ta-cn°bp-sS- B-{I-aWw-,- ]m-Iv D∂X-Xe - Ønep≈ h- f - s c- c- l kymflI- a m- b - kΩXtØm-sS- X-s∂bm-Wv.- Hcp-]-t£,- Ir-Xy-am-b- ka-b-hpw- Xo-b-Xn-bpw- ]d™n´p≠m-hn√.- F∂m¬ A-tacn°bv°v G- X p- k - a - b ØpwXßfp-sS- cm-PyØn-\p-ta-te- ]d°m-\pw- sh-Sn-h-bv°m-\pw- ]mInÿm≥ c-lk - y-am-bn- A-\p-hm-Zw\¬In-bn´p≠m-h-Ww-.- C-Xv i-cn-hbv°p∂Xm-Wv ]m-Iv,- A-^vKm≥ AXn¿Øn-I-fn¬ A-ta-cn°≥ ]-S-bmfn- I ƒ I- g n™ G- X m- \ pwh¿jßfn¬ ]-et- ∏m-gm-bn- \-SØnb- hn-am-\m-{I-a-W߃.- C-Xn¬ F{X-tbm- kn-hn-eb - ≥am¿ a-cn®n´p≠v.A-Xp-sIm≠p-Xs - ∂ C¥y-bv°v ]mInÿm-\n¬ C-Xp-t]m-sem-cp- B{I-a-Ww- \-SØm-\p-am-In√. Hm∏td-j≥ sPtdm-\n-tam t]m-ep≈ H∂v C¥y-bv°v \-SØm\m-hn√.- Im-c-Ww- d-Um-dp-I-fp-sSbpw- \n-co£W- kw-hn-[m-\ßfp-sSbpw- IÆn¬s∏Sm-sX- ]-d°m≥ Ign-hp≈ A-Xym-[p-\n-I- sìØv sl-en-t°m-]v‰dp-Iƒ A-ta-cn°bpsS- ]°te- D≈q-.- C¥y- A-Xv t\Spw- h-sc- C-Xp-t]m-ep≈ B-{I-aW߃ hn-P-bw- Im-W-W-sa∂n√. _n≥em-Zs - \- Iøn¬ In´n-bt- ijw- sh-Sn-h®p-sIm√p-I-bm-bn-cps∂∂v em-Z-s‚ ]-{¥≠p-Im-cn- aIƒ ]m-Iv A-[n-Ir-X-tcm-Sv sh-fn-

tabv 2011

s∏SpØn-bn´p≠v.- am-{X-a√,- Hm∏tdj- \ p- a pºv em- Z - s \- h- [ n°Wsa∂p≈ im- k - \ Øn¬ {]- k nU‚ v H-_m-a- H∏p-hb - v°p-Ib - pw- sNbvXn-cp∂p-.- em-Z-s\- Po-h-t\m-sS- ]nSn°m-t\m- sIm≠p-t]m-Im-t\m- Ata-cn° B-{K-ln®n-cp∂n√.- Im-cWw- C-Xm-Wv:- em-Z-s\- Po-h-t\m-sSIøn¬h-bv°p∂Xv s]m√m∏m-Wv.kp-c£n-X-am-b- tI-{µØn¬ amkßtfm-fw- Xm-a-kn∏n°Ww-.- hnNm-c-W- \-SØWw-.- hn-[n- {]-kvXmhn°Ww-.- A∏o-en-\p- t]m-Im≥ Ah-k-cw- sIm-Sp°Ww-.- C-sX√mwA-ta-cn°≥ `-c-W-Iq-SØn-\p- tZmj-a√m-sX- Kp-Ww- sNøn√.- C-dmJv {]-kn-U‚ v k±mw- lp-ssk-s‚ Im-cyØn¬ Cßs\- in£ \o≠pt]m-b-Xv A-ta-cn°bp-sS- ap∂nep≠v.em-Z-s‚ ar-X-tZ-lw- B-sc-bpwIm-Wn°m-sX-,- I-S-en¬ kw-kvIcn®p- F∂v A-ta-cn° ]-d-bp∂Xv hn-iz-kn°p-I-tb- \n-hrØn-bp≈pC°m- c yØn¬.- A- t a- c n°bv ° v tem-I-\n-b-aßsfm∂pw- _m-[-I-as√∂v hy‡am°p-I-Iq-Sn- sNøpI- b m- W v.- `o- I - c - h n- c p≤t]mcm´Øn¬ A-h¿ bm-sXm-cp- P-\m-

amknI

[n- ] - X y- \ n- b - a ßfpw]n¥p- S - c m≥ B- { Kln°p∂n√,- i-{Xp- F-hnsS-bp-t≠m-,- A-hn-sS- cl-ky-am-bn- B-{I-an®v h[n°p-I- F∂Xm-Wv ]pXn- b - cm- j v { S- \ n- b - a w- . C°m- c yØn¬,- kmt¶Xn-I-,- _u≤n-I- Adn-hp-I-tfm-Sv am-{X-ta- Ata- c n°bv°v {]- X n_≤X-bp-f-fp-. _n≥em-Z-s\- A-tacn° ]n-Sn-Iq-Sn- sIm√pI-bpw- kw-kvI-cn°p-Ibpw- sN- b vXp- F∂Xn- \ v {]Xy£Øn¬ sX-fn-hp-Is - fm∂p-an√.A- s Xm∂pw- A- t a- c n° lm- P cm°p∂p-an√.- F¥p-sIm≠m-Wv em-Z-s\- tNm-Zyw- sN-bvXv Iq-Sp-X¬ hn-h-c߃ t\-Sm≥ A-h¿ Xøm-dmIm-Xn-cp∂Xv? em-Z≥ Po-hn®n-cp∏p-s≠∂v Xs∂ B- f p- I ƒ hn- i z- k n°mØ L´am- b n- c p∂p- C- X v . - Im- c - W wh≥i‡n-Iƒ ]-Xn‰m-t≠m-fw- ]-cXn-bn´pw- H-cp- kq-N-\-t]m-epw- In´nbn√t√m-.- ap≥ ]m-Iv{]-[m-\-a-{¥nt_\-ko¿`q-t´m- h-[n°s∏Sp∂Xn\p- apºv 2-0-0-7- ¬ ]-d™Xv,- em-Z≥ sIm√s∏´n-cn°m-sa∂m-Wv.- B- ]d®n¬ tem-IP - \ - X - b - p-sS- [m-cW - b - psS- {]-Xn-^-e-\-am-bn-cp∂p-. F¥m-bm-epw-,- H-_m-a-bp-sS- t]cv A-ta-cn°≥ N-cn-{XØn¬ D-d®pI-gn™p-.- em-Z-s\- h-[n®p- F∂ s{I-Un‰v a-Xn-,- A-t±lØn-\v ho≠psam-cp-h´w- Iq-Sn- {]-kn-U‚ v B-Im\p≈ {]-Nm-c-WØn-\p- Xp-S°anSm≥.- A-SpØh¿jw- {]-Nm-c-WwXp-Sßp-I-bm-Wv.- F¥p-sIm≠pw-,Cu- h-[w- A-ta-cn°≥ cm-jv{SobØn-\p- ]p-Xn-b- D-W¿hv \¬IpI-bm-Wv.


kmtIXw

cmjv{Sobw

9

amknI

F.Fkv.lcnZmkv

C ¥y- b psS Imcw C∂sØ

cmjv{Sob kwkv kml-N-cy-Øn¬- GXp kmaq-ly-hy-h-ÿ-bpsS apJ-sØ-bmWv A\m-h-cWw sNøp-∂Xv? AXn-\v, Ign™p-t]mb Xe-ap-d-bpsS A`n-\n-th-ißsf Dƒs°m-≈m≥ Ign-bp-∂pt≠m? \ΩpsS tZio-b{- ]-ÿm-\Ø - ns‚ {]Xn-_nw_-ß-fmbn IW-°m-t°≠ alm-flm-Km‘n-bp-tS-bpw, Ph-l¿em¬ s\lvdp-hns‚bpw, C.-Fw.-F- n-s‚-bpw, F.-sI.-Pn-bptSbpsams° cmjv{Sob kwkvIm-csØ F{X Af-hn¬ B\p-Im-enI C¥y-bpsS cmjv{Sobw Dƒs°m-≈p-∂p-≠v? CØcw Xo-£vW-amb Nne tNmZy-

{]Xy-b-imkv{X \ncm-I-c-Whpw s{]m^-j-W¬ cmjv{So-bhpw

\tc{µtamUn

tabv 2011

߃ Db¿Øn-s°m-≠-√m-sX, B\p-ImenI cmjv{So-bsØ kw_-‘n® hna¿i\-߃ D∂-bn-°m-\m-hn-√. cmjv{So-b-hna¿i\w Xs∂ Hcp Iebpw imkv{X-hp-amWv. P\-߃°v \oXn e`n-°mØ GXp kmaq-ly-k-{º-Zm-bhpw Akzo-Im-cy-am-Wv. \oXn hnti-jh - pw, kmam-\y-hp-am-Wv. C∂mh-s´, Ch c≠pw e`y-hp-a-√. Agn-a-Xn-bpsS IqØ-c-ßm-bn-am-dnb C¥y-bpsS Iep-jn-X-amb cmjv{So-b-cw-Kw, AØ-c-Øn¬ A[n-I-\mƒ XpS¿∂p-t]mhm≥ A\p-hm-Z-ap-≠m-hn√. Hcp a≥taml≥knw-Kpw, Hcp \tc-{µ-tam-Unbpw am{Xw aXn \ΩpsS cmjv{So-bc - w-KØ - ns‚ BZ¿iiq-\y-X-bn-te°v hnc¬ Nq≠m≥. CXn-s\Xn-cmb {]Xn-tj-[-hpw, A\p-_-‘-amb Akz-ÿ-Xbpw kzm`m-hn-I-abn Dcp-≠p-IqSp-sa-∂Xp \nkvX¿°-am-Wv. cmjv{So-b-hyh-ÿ-bpsS \oXn-c-ln-X-amb apJw P-\m[n-]X - y-tØbpw AXns‚ `mK-ambn hnhn[ cmjv { So- b - { ]- ÿ m- \ - ß - t fbpw Bi- b -


kmtIXw

10

tPm¨ {_n´mkv

Agn-a-Xn-bpsS IqØ-c-ßm-bn-am-dnb C¥y-bpsS Iep-jn-X-amb cmjv{So-b-cw-Kw, AØ-c-Øn¬ A[n-I-\mƒ XpS¿∂p-t]m-hm≥ A\p-hm-Z-ap-≠m-hn√. Hcp a≥tam-l≥knw-Kpw, Hcp \tc-{µ-tamUnbpw am{Xw aXn \ΩpsS cmjv{So-b-cw-K-Øns‚ BZ¿i-iq-\yX-bn-te°v hnc¬ Nq≠m≥. CXn-s\-Xn-cmb {]Xn-tj-[-hpw, A\p_-‘-amb Akz-ÿ-Xbpw kzm`m-hn-I-abn Dcp-≠p-Iq-Sp-sa-∂Xp \nkvX¿°-am-Wv. cmjv{So-b-hy-h-ÿ-bpsS \oXn-c-ln-X-amb apJw P-\m-[n-]-Xy-tØbpw AXns‚ `mK-ambn hnhn[ cmjv{So-b-{]-ÿm\-ß-tfbpw Bi-b-Øns‚ ASn-Ø-d-bn-√mØ shdpw Bƒ°q-´ß-fm°n A[:]Xn-∏n-°p-∂p. Øns‚ ASn-Ø-d-bn-√mØ shdpw Bƒ°q-´-ß-fm°n A[:]Xn-∏n°p-∂p. Bi-bs - a-∂m¬ cm-jv{Sob XXz-Nn¥ Xs∂-bm-Wv. cmPyw `cn°p-∂h - ¿ XXz-Nn-¥I - c - m-hW - s - a∂ πmt‰m-bpsS \nco-£Ww C∂pw {]k- ‡ - a mWv ; AXp- a - √ , C∂v apº-tØ-Xn¬ A[nIw {][m-\-amWv. 600-˛-\p-ta¬ tImSn P\-߃ A[n-h-kn-°p∂ `qtKm-f-Øn¬ XXz-Nn-¥-bp-tS-bpw, {]Xy-b-imkv { X- ] - c - a mb \ne- ] m- S n- t ‚bpw klm- b w IqSmsX Fßs\ Ah¿°v \oXn sImSp- ° m≥ Ignbpw? AXv GI-ap-J-am-h-W-sa∂n-√. Hcp temI `c-W-IqSw \ne-

kl- { k- t ImSn A\p- ` - h - ß sf ASp°n \nc-Øn-b-√msX A\p-`h- ] m- T - ß - f n- t e- s °- Ø m- t \m, AXns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ ]cnlm-ca - m¿§-߃ Bcm-bmt\m Ignbn-√. Cu ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ \n∂psIm≠v tIc-f-cm-jv{So-b-Øns‚ Zb-\o-ba - mb C∂sØ ]cnX:ÿn Xsb {lkz-am-sbm∂p ]cm-a¿in°p-I-bmWv Cu Ipdn-∏ns‚ Dt±iw. \mw F{X- a m{Xw AI- ‰ n\n¿Øm≥ {ian-®mepw, cmjv{Sob{]-ÿm-\-Øn¬ \n∂v XXz-Nn¥ ]q¿W-ambpw Hgn-™p-t]m-hn-√. cmjv{So- b sØ kw_- ‘ n® XmXznI hni-Ie - \ - ß - sf ‘IY ]d®n-se’∂pw ‘{]_-‘m-h-X-c-W ’sa∂pw ]cn- l - k n®v \ncm- I - c n°p∂ Hcp {]h-WX C∂v i‡ns∏-´p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. apºv Bh-iyØn\pw A\m-h-iy-Øn\pw {]Xyb-im-kv{XsØ Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn® AtX \mhp-I-fn¬ \n∂p-X-s∂bmWv cmjv{So-bØ - n¬ \n∂v Z¿i\sØ Hgn- h m- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ mbn a\:]q¿hw CØcw Pev]-\-߃ Db¿Øp- ∂ - s X∂Xv ckm- h - l amWv! {]tXy-In®v apJy CS-Xp-]£- { ]- ÿ m- \ - ß - f n¬ Xs∂- b mWnXv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. C{]-Im-cw- t_m-[-]q¿hw Z¿i\sØ AI- ‰ n- \ n¿Øp- ∂ - X ns‚ {]Xym- L m- X w, Bi- b - ] - c - a mb ]m∏-c-Ø-Øn-te°v ]m¿´n-Isf FØn-°p∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. Bi-b-

hn- e n- √ mØ kml- N - c y- Ø n¬, hnhn[ cmPy-߃°v Ah-bpsS X\-Xm-b- cm-jv{So-b-˛-km-aq-ly-˛kmw-kvIm-cnI Nn¥-It- fbpw ]mcºcytØbpw Bkv ] - Z - a m°n hyXykvX `c-W-kw-hn-[m-\-ßfmWv Ct∏mƒ \ne-\n¬°p-∂Xv. ‘alm-Jym-\’-ß-fpsS XI¿®bv°p-tijw Ign™ 20 B≠pIƒ°p-≈n¬ kaq-lØ - n-\p-≠m-b - A - \ p- ` - h - ß ƒ, X\- X mb XcØn¬, ho≠pw as‰mcp XXz-Nn¥m-Xo-c-tØ°v Xs∂ ASp-°m≥ t{]cn- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - h - b m- W v . AXv Km‘n- k - t am, am¿Iv k n- k - t am, sIbv\o-jy-\n-ktam F¥p-am-hs´, _lp- t ImSn P\- ß - f psS A_vZp≈°p´n

tabv 2011

amknI


kmtIXw

11

Zm- c n- { Zy- Ø ns‚ ]c- a - I m- j v T - b nemWv ]m¿´n-Iƒ Bƒ°q-´-ßfmbn amdp-∂-Xv. Bƒ°q-´-ßsf \bn- ° m≥ t\Xm- ° - ∑ m- c - √ , ‘aptº Kan-°p∂ tKmhp’-I-fmWv D≠m-hp-I. Ct∏mƒ kw`-hn-®n-´p≈Xpw as‰m-∂-√. ]m¿´n-Iƒ°p≈n¬ {Kq∏p-I-fpw, {Kq∏p-Iƒ°p≈n¬ hy‡n-Ifpw B[n-]Xyw t\Sp- t ºmƒ,- X- e - ∏ Øphcp∂ hy‡n-Iƒ tIm¿∏-td-‰p-I-fmbn amdp-∂p. s{]m^-j-W-en-khpw, ]W-s°m-gp∏pw tN¿∂v BZ¿icm-jv{So-bsØ IS-]p-g-°p-I-bpw, X¬ÿm-\Øv sabvhg°-ap≈ Aao-_-I-sf-t∏m-se, Xm≥ B{Kln-°p∂ cq]w ssIs°m-≈m≥ Ign-bp-∂h - c - mbn amdm≥ t\Xm-°∑msc klm-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. C∂-se-bn-cp∂ ]m¿´n thWsa-∂n√ C∂v. ChnsS {]iv\w sXmgn¬kp-c£ - n-XX - z-Øn-t‚-bpw, Db¿∂ hcp-am-\-Øn-t‚-bp-am-Wv. A_v Z p- ≈ - ° p- ´ n- a m- c pw, kn‘p tPmbn-am-cpw, G‰hpw Ah-km-\am-bn- tPm¨ {_n´m-kp-amcpw Acßp-hm-gp∂ B\p-Im-enI tIc-fcm-jv{So-bs - Ø, ap≥X-ea - p-dI - fpsS tZiob t_m[hpw tkh-\X - ¬∏c- X bpw {]Xy- b - i m- k v { X- t ØmSp≈ {]Xn-_-≤-Xbpw A`n-\n-thihpw Hcp iX- a m- \ - s a- ¶ nepw kzm[o- \ n- ° p- ∂ n- √ . cmjv { Sob {]h¿Ø\w Icn-b-dmbn amdp-∂p. Hcp ÿm]-\-Øn-en-cp∂ ]Z-hnbn¬ \n∂v AXn-t\-°mƒ Db¿∂ ]Z-hnbpw iº-f-]m-°‰pw tXSn

as‰m-∂n-te°v amdp∂ s{]m^-jW- e p- I - f n¬ \n∂v bmsXmcp hyXym-khpw ]pXnb bph-t\-Xm°ƒ {]I-Sn-∏n-°p-∂n-√. Cu bphXo-bp-hm-°ƒ, X߃ A`n-ej - n® Xc- Ø n¬ sXc- s ™- S p- ∏ n¬ Sn°‰p In´msX hcn- I - b pw, hnPbw Dd-∏mb aWvU-e-Øn¬ a’-cn-°m≥ Ah-kcw In´msX hcn-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ Xf¿∂pt]m-hp∂p! Xß-fpsS `mhn C√m-

kn‘ptPmbv

at\mPv Ipcpin¶¬

tabv 2011

amknI

Xm-hp∂Xns‚ thZ\ Ah¿°v kln-°m-\m-hp-∂n√!! CXv tIhew sXmgn- e n- s √- ¶ n¬ as‰- ¥ mWv ? ]m¿´n-bpsS Pn√m-Xe -t\-Xr-k-anXn-I-fnse ÿm\w C∂v ]g-b-Xpt]mse BI¿j-Wo-b-a-√. ]m¿´n°p-≈n¬ Akzm-c-ky-ß-fp-≠m°msX apt∂m- ´ p- t ]m- I p- ∂ - h ¿ am[y-a-{i-≤-bn¬ hcp-∂n-√. ImcWw, ]g-b-Im-e-tØ-Xp-t]m-se, P\-Iob {]iv\-߃ Gs‰-SpØv kacw \bn-°m-\p≈ ‘kvtIm∏v’ C∂n-√. ]m¿´nsb kw_-‘n®v AXns‚ Bh-iy-hp-an-√. F√m-cwKØpw F√m-hcpw ‘t]mkn-‰ohv’ BWv. \ntj-[ß - t- fm, \ncm-Ic - W - ß- t fm, hyXykv X A`n- { ]m- b ßtfm Db-cp-∂n-√. Htc-sbmcp \ntj[w P\-ß-tfm-Sp-am{Xw! Cu cmjv { So- b - k w- k v I m- c Øns‚ Dev]-∂-߃ am{X-amb A_vZp-≈° - p-´n-amcpw, kn‘p-tPmbn, apc-fn, tPm¨ {_n´m-kp-am-cpw, tIc-f-Øns‚ cmjv{So-b -a-WvU-eØn¬ ]pXnb ‘amXr-I-’I-fmbn amdp-I-bm-Wv. {]iv\w, t\ctØ ]d-™-Xp-t]mse sabvhg-°-Ønt‚-Xp-am{Xw! ]ns∂ sXmen-°-´nbp-tSXpw!!


kmtIXw

A¥¿tZiobw

12

amknI

Atd_y≥ hnπhß F.hn.^n¿Zukv

Nn-

e- A-d-_v cm-jv{Sßfn¬ k-ao-]-Im-eØp≠m-bcm-jv{So-b- {]-t£m-`- k-a-cßsf- B-tKm-f-X-eØn¬ X-s∂ Zr-iy˛A®Sn- am-[y-a߃ B-tLm-jn°p-Ibp≠m-bn-.- ap∏Xpw- \m∏Xpw- h¿jßtfm-fw- XpS¿®bm-bn- H-tc- `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bp-sS- B-[n-]-XyØn\p- Io- g n¬ A- S ßn- s bm- X pßn°gn- b p∂ cmjv{Sßfn¬ P-\ßfp-sS- {]-Xn-I-c-Wßfpw- hn-Im-c-hnNm- c ßfpw- A- W - s ]m´n- s bm- g p- I n- hnπh- c q- ] am¿÷n°p-I-bm-Wp≠m-b-sX∂v am-[y-a߃ hn-i-ZoI-cn®p-.- P-\m-[n-]-XyØn-te°pw- P-\-Io-b- A-[n-Im-chy-hÿn-Xn-bn-te°p-ap≈ ]-cn-Wm-aØn-s‚ B-cw-`sa∂ \n-e-bn-ep≈ hn-i-I-e-\ßfp-ap≠m-bn-.- ap√∏qhnπhw-,- hn-tam-N-\- k-a-cw-,- P-\m-[n-]-Xy- D-bn¿sØgpt∂¬∏v F-s∂√mw- am-[y-a߃ s]-cpºd-sIm´n-.- hnZq-c- cm-Pyßfn-en-cp∂ Zr-iy-am-[y-a߃ ]-I¿∂p\¬Ip∂ Im- g v N - I - s f- hn- i zm- k Øn- s e- S pØh¿ F√m°m-eØpw- F√m-hm¿ØI-fp-sS-bpw- Im-cyØn¬ ]-e-X-cØn¬ h©n°s∏Sm-dp≠v.- Kƒ^v bp≤w- apX¬ C-dm-Jv A-[n-\n-th-iw-,- A-^vKm≥ A-[n-\n-thiw- Xp-Sßn-b- kw-`-hßfn¬ h-sc- A-Xp≠m-bn-.ap√∏q- hnπhw- F∂v am-[y-a߃ B-tLm-jn® XpWo-jy-bn¬ \n∂m-cw-`n® kw-L¿j-hm¿ØI-fn-epwAØcw- Nn-e- ]p-I-a-d-Iƒ I-S∂p-Iq-Sp-I-bp≠m-bn-.]›n-ta-jy≥ cm-jv{Sßfp-am-bpw- C…m-an-I- k-aqlßfp-am-bpw- _‘s∏´ hm¿ØI-fn¬ B-tKm-fam-[y-a- ap-X-em-fnØØn-s‚bpw- hw-io-b-am-b- D-]-Pm]ßfp- s S- b pw- L- S - I ߃ ]- e - t ∏m- g pw- bmYm¿∞y߃°p-Np‰p-am-bn- ]p-I-a-d-Iƒ ]-Wn-Xp-shbv°m-dp≠v.- k-ao-]-Im-e- A-d-_v kw-`-h-hn-Im-kßfpsS- hm¿ØI-fn-epw- B-tKm-f- P-\-X- Im-tW≠ Nn-eb- Y m¿∞ Im- g v N - I - f n¬ \n∂v {i≤ Xn- c n°p∂ hm¿Øm-hn-\n-a-b-co-Xn- A-h-ew-_n°s∏´p-.- Cu- {]-hW-X- C-\n-bpw- Xp-S-cp-sa¶n-epw-,- {]-f-bw- t]m-se- {]-hln°p∂ hm¿ØI-fn¬ \n∂v th-dn´p- Nn-e- kXy߃ B-tKm-f- k-aq-lØn-s‚ {i≤bn-te°pw- hcm-Xn-cn°n√. {]-t£m-`߃ A-ct- ßdn-b- cm-jv{Sßfn¬ F√mw]-e- L-SI - ߃ A-Wn-tN¿∂p≈ \o°ßfm-Wp≠mb-Xv.- G-Im-[n-]-XyØn-s\-Xn-cm-b- P-\m-[n-]-Xy- k-ac߃ F∂p- Xo¿Øp-]-d-bm-\m-hmØhn-[Øn¬ Nne- L-S-Ißfp-sS- _m-ly-am-b- kΩ¿±ßƒ A-\p-`h-s∏´p-.- Cu-Pn-]vXv,- kn-dn-b-,- tPm¿±m≥,- sam-tdm-t°m,- b-a≥ Xp-Sßn-b- cm-jv{Sßfn-sem-s° a-X-au-en-Ikz-`m-hßfp≈ Xo-{h-hm-Z-{]ÿm-\߃ A-t\-Ih¿jßfm-bn- `-cW - w- ]n-Sn®S°m≥ ]mØpw- ]-Xpßnbp-ap≈ {i-a߃ \-S∂p-h-cp∂p≠v.- CØcw- {]ÿm\ßfn¬ ]-e-Xpw- B-[p-\n-Im¿∞Øn-ep≈ P-\m-[n-

tabv 2011

]›n-ta-jy≥ cm-jv{Sßfp-am-bpwC…m- a n- I - k- a q- l ßfp- a m- b pw_‘s∏´ hm¿ØI-fn¬ B-tKmf-am-[y-a- ap-X-em-fnØØn-s‚bpwhw-io-b-am-b- D-]-Pm-]ßfp-sS-bpwL- S - I ߃ ]- e - t ∏m- g pw- bmYm¿∞y߃°p-Np‰p-am-bn- ]p-I-ad-Iƒ ]-Wn-Xp-sh-bv°m-dp≠v.- k-ao]-Im-e- A-d_ - v kw-`h - h - n-Im-kßfpsS- hm¿ØI- f n- e pw- B- t Km- f -


13

kmtIXw

amknI

ßfpsS ImWm°mgvNIƒ P-\-X- Im-tW≠ Nn-e- b-Ym¿∞ Im- g v N - I - f n¬ \n∂v {i≤ Xncn°p∂ hm¿Øm-hn-\n-a-b-co-XnA-h-ew-_n°s∏´p-.- Cu- {]-h-WX- C-\n-bpw- Xp-S-cp-sa¶n-epw-,- {]-fbw- t]m- s e- {]- h - l n°p∂ hm¿ØI-fn¬ \n∂v th-dn´p- Nne- k- X y߃ B- t Km- f - k- a qlØn-s‚ {i≤bn-te°pw- h-cmXn-cn°n√.

tabv 2011

]- X yw- Aw- K o- I - c n°mØh- b m- W v . - A- h ¿ e£yam°p∂Xv a-X-]-c-am-b-Xpw- F∂m¬ a-X-tØm-Sp- \qdp-i-X-am-\-hpw- \o-Xn-]p-e¿Øp∂Xv F∂p- ]-d-bm-\mhmØhn-[w- ]u-tcm-ln-Xy- Zp-cmw-i߃ k∂n-thin∏n°s∏´Xp- a m- b - A- [ n- I m- c - h y- h ÿI- f m- W v . CØcw- hy-hÿI-fn¬ P-\ßfp-sS- kzm-X-{¥y-hpw]u-cm-h-Im-ißfpw- ]-cn-[n- \n›bn°s∏Sp-I-bpw- P\-Po-hn-XØn-\p-ta¬ A-]-cn-jvIr-Xßfm-b- {]m-No-\X-Xz-kw-ln-XI - ƒ°v ss]-im-Nn-Ia - m-b- \n-b{- ¥Wm-[nIm-cw- e-`y-am-I-bpw- sNøp-sa∂v hy‡am-Wv. {]-t£m-`߃ B-Zy-am-bn- hn-Pb - Øn-seØn-b- XpWo-jy-bn¬ `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-cp∂ ssk-\p¬ B_n-Zo≥ _n≥ A-en- tkz—m-[n-]-Xn-bpw- B-Vw-_-c{]n-b-\pw- kp-J-tem-ep-]-\p-am-bn-cp∂p-sh∂v am-[ya߃ F-gp-Xn-bn-cp∂p-sh¶n-epw- G-sXm-cp- A-d-_v `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bp-sS-bpw- kzm-`m-hn-I- Po-hn-Xc - o-Xn-If - n¬ I-hn-s™m∂pw- A-t±lØn-\p≠m-bn-cp∂n√.- Xp-Wojy-sb- H-cp- Xm-en-_m≥ B°n- am‰p∂Xn¬ \n∂v ]m›m-Xy- A-\p-Iq-en-bm-b- ssk-\p¬ B-_n-Zo≥ _n≥ A-en- h¿jßtfm-fw- \-SØn-b- sN-dpØp-\n¬∏v {i-t≤b-am-Wv.- Cu- sN-dpØp-\n¬]v A-t±l-sØ aX-au-en-Ih - m-Zn-If - p-sS- IÆn-se- I-cS- m°n- am‰n-bn-cp∂p.- Xp-Wo-jy-bn-se- A∂lvZ- t]m-se-bp≈ {]ÿm\߃ a-Xm-[n-]-XyØn-\p-th≠n- cq-]w- sIm≠h-bmWv.- P-\m-[n-]-Xy- hn-tcm-[n-I-fp-am-Wv.- A-h-cp-sS- kmln-Xy߃ P-\m-[n-]-Xy-aq-eyßsf- A-]-l-kn°p∂ Zp-cm-i-bßfm¬ kº∂hp-am-Wv. A-d-_v `-c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-fn¬ {i-t≤b-\pw- a-X-\n-ct]£hm-Z-sØ A-\p-Iq-en°p∂ Nn¥m-K-Xn°m-c-\pam-bn-cp∂p- Cu-Pn-]vXn-se- lp-kv\n- ap-_m-d-Iv.- Cu-Pn]vXn-s\- H-cp- a-X-cm-jv{S-am°n- am‰p-hm≥ b-Xv\n°p∂ ap…ow- {_-Z¿ lp-Uv,- ln-kv_p√ Xp-Sßn-b- Xo-{h-hmZ- kw-L-S-\-I-sf-bm-Wv A-t±lw- sN-dpØp-\n∂Xv.køn- Z v Jp- X p- _ n- s ‚bpw- l- k - \ p¬ _∂bp- s Skn≤m¥ßfm- W v ap…ow- {_- Z ¿lp- U n- s \- \bn°p∂Xv.- C…mw-aX - h - n-tcm-[n-Is - f- sIm-s∂m-Sp°Wsa∂ Nn¥ h-sc- Dƒs°m≈p∂p- ap…ow- {_-Z¿lpUn-s‚ {]-Xy-b-im-kv{XØn¬.- AØcw- H-cp- kw-L-S\-bp-sS- ssI-I-fn¬ \n∂v Cu-Pn-]vXn-s\- c£n®p\n¿Øp- I - b pw- ]m›m- X y- k - a q- l ßfp- a m- b n- \√ _‘w- ]p-e¿Øp-Ib - pw- C-{k-tb¬ Xp-Sßn-b- A-b¬ cm-Pyßfp-am-bn- kw-L¿jw- H-gn-hm°p-I-bpw- sN-bvXlp-kv\n- ap-_m-d°n-s\-Xn-sc- Xo-{h-hm-Z{- ]ÿm-\߃ \-bn® Kq-Vm-tem-N-\-Iƒ°p- Iq-Sn-bp≈ hn-P-b-am-Wv Cu-Pn-]vXn-se- `-c-W-am‰w- F∂ h-kvXp-X- Xn-cn®dn-bs∏Sm-sX- t]m-I-cp-Xv. kz¥w- A-[n-Im-c-hpw- B-[n-]-Xy-hpw- \n-e-\n¿Øphm-\pw-,- A-[n-Im-c-sØ Ip-Spw-_m-h-Im-i-am°n- am‰m\pw- A-d-_v tem-I-sØ tkz—m-[n-]-Xn-Iƒ {i-an°mdp-s≠¶n-epw- A-h-cn¬ ]-e-cpw- P-\-hn-cp≤cm-Wv F∂v


14

]q¿W-am-bpw- ]-d-bm-\m-hn√.- lp-kv\n- ap-_m-d-Ipw-,- en_n-b-bn-se- ap- AΩ¿ K±m-^n-bp-sam-s° \n-c-h-[n- Pt\m-]-Im-c-{]-Zßfm-b- ]≤Xn-Iƒ B-hn-jv°cn®p- \S∏n-em°n-b-h-cm-Wv.- ]-e-t∏m-gpw- P-\m-[n-]-XyØn-s‚ hn-Zq-ck - z-]v\ßtf°mƒ ]-e- A-d_ - v cm-jv{S߃°pwIq-Sp-X¬ tbm-Pn°p-I- G-Im-[n-]-XyØn-s‚ k-ao-]bm-Ym¿∞y߃ X-s∂bm-Wv F∂ h-kvXp-X- A-d_v cm-jv{Sßfn¬ tkz—m-[n-]-Xy- `-c-W-Iq-S߃ aq∂pw- \m- e pw- A©pw- ]- X n‰m≠p- I ƒ \o≠p\n¬°p∂Xn¬ H-cp- A-Snÿm-\- Im-c-W-am-Wv.- XpWo-jy-bn-epw- Cu-Pn-]vXn-ep-sam-s° A-Xm-Wv kw-`hn®Xpw-.- ]-I-cw- D-b¿Øn°m´p-hm≥ hy‡am-b- kwhn-[m-\ßfp-sS- A-`m-hw- Cu- cm-jv{Sßfn¬ tkz—m[n-]-Xn-Iƒ°\p-Iq-e-am-bn- `-hn®p-.P-\m-[n-]-XyØn-s‚ ]m›m-Xy- cq-]-am-Xr-I-I-fn¬ ]-e-Xpw- ]-e-X-cw- Po¿ÆX-Iƒ kw-h-ln°p∂h-bmWv.- aq∂mw-tem-Ic - m-jv{Sßfn-em-hs - ´ P-\m-[n-]X - yw- P\-ln-Xßfp-am-bn- ]-et- ∏m-gpw- kw-L¿jßfn-ep-am-Wv.Cu- bm-Ym¿∞y߃ \n-e-\n¬°th- P-\m-[n-]-Xyio-e߃ ]-cn-Nn-Xßf√mØ cm-jv{S-k-aq-lßfnte°v A-h-sb- C-d°p-a-Xn- sNøm≥ \-SØp∂ {ia߃ A-d-_v ta-J-e- t]m-se- G-Im-[n-]-Xy- ]-cn-NnXßfm-b- cm-jv{S-k-aq-lßfn¬ A-\m-bm-tk-\- hn-Pbn°p-I- km-[y-a√.- {]-t£m-`߃ A-c-tßdn-b- cmjv{Sßfp-sS- `m-hn-sb- Xp-dn®p-t\m°p∂Xv C∏d™ k-Xy-am-Wv.- G-Im-[n-]-XyØn-s‚ kp-J-io-X-fn-a-bn¬ ]-Xn‰m≠p-Iƒ I-gn™ cm-jv{Sßfn¬ H-cp- kp-{]-`m-

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI

XØn¬ P-\m-[n-]X - yØn-s‚ {]-tbm-Kh - ¬°c-Ww- At\-Iw- {]-Xn-k‘n-Iƒ°v ]›mØe-am-bnØo-cpw-.Np-cp°Øn¬ AØcw- cm-jv{S߃ \m-Y-\n√mØ A-hÿbn-te°pw-,- A-Xn-s‚ Xp-S¿®bm-b- A-c£nXm-hÿI-fn-te°pw- \oßpw-.- _m-ly-am-b- C-S-s]-Sep-I-fpw- i-cn-s∏SpØen-\p≈ im‡n-I-am-b- ssI-ISØep-If - pw- D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ AØcw- cm-jv{Sßfn¬ A-Xv ]p-Xn-b- {]-t£m-`- ]-cºc-Iƒ°pw- Im-c-W-ambnØo-cpw-.- Cu-Pn-]vXn-s\-bpw-,- Xp-Wo-jy-sb-bpw- en_n-sb-bp-sam-s° ImØn-cn°p∂Xv C-dm-Jn-s‚tbmA-^vKm-\nÿm-s‚tbm- A-\p-`h - ßfm-bn-cn°n-s√∂v ]-db - m-\m-hn√. {]-t£m-`߃ A-c-tßdn-b- cm-Pyßfn-sem-s° A-hn-S-sØ P-\ßfp-sS- hn-Im-cßfm-Wv {]-Xn-^en®sX∂v ÿn-co-Ic - n°m-\m-hn√.- s^-bvkv_p°n-s‚ Sn‰dn-s‚bpw- C‚¿s\‰n-s‚bpw- k-lm-b-tØm-sS- \S∂ P-\I - o-b- hnπhßsf∂v am-[y-a߃ sIm´n-tLmjn°p∂p-s≠¶n-epw- hn-h-c-km-t¶Xn-I- B-i-b-hn-\na-tbm-]m-[n-I-fn-eq-sS- _m-lyßfm-b- Nn¥Iƒ°pwIp-X-{¥ßƒ°pw- D-]-Pm-]߃°pw- CØcw- cmjv{Sßfn-se- bp-h-X- C-c-bm°s∏´p- F∂p- a-\ nem°m≥ t{]-cn∏n°p∂h-bm-bpw- a‰p- Nn-e- L-SIßfp≠v.- am-[y-a߃ AØcw- L-SI - ßsf°p-dn®v \n»_vZ-X- ]m-en®Xp- i-cn-bm-bn-s√∂p- hy‡hp-amWv. A-ta-cn° Dƒs∏sS-bp≈ B-tKm-f- km-{am-PyØ Xm¬]-cy°m-cpw-,- C-{k-tb¬ t]m-ep≈ A-d-_v cm-


kmtIXw

15

ap…ow- cm- j v { Sßfn¬ \n- e \n¬°p∂ in-bm˛kp∂o- hw-iob- X - b p- s S- Xm¬]- c y߃°pwCu- N- e - \ ßfn¬ ]¶p≠v . - _lvssd-\n-se-bpw- Cu-Pn-]X v n-se-bpwkn- d n- b - b n- s e- b pw- {]- t £m`ßfn¬ C-dm-s‚ C-S-s]-S-ep-Iƒ hy‡am- W v . - kp∂n- I ƒ \n- b {¥n°p∂ `-c-W-Iq-Sßfp≈ cmjv{Sßfn-se- hn-a-X- \o°ßsft{]m¬km-ln∏n°p-hm≥ in-bm`q-cn-]£ cm-jv{S-am-b- C-dm≥ kao-]-Im-eØp- Im-Wn°p∂ A-anX-am-b- Hu¬kp-Iyw- B-tKm-f- am[y-a߃ X-s∂ ]-e-X-h-W- Nq≠n °m´p-I-bp≠m-bn-. jv{Sßfp-sS- ÿn-cw- i-{Xp°fpw-,- A-d-_v cmjv{Sßfn-se- FÆbp¬]m-Z-\- km-[y-X-I-fn¬ C∂pw- Xm¬]-cyw- ]p-e¿Øp∂ Nn-e- hn-tZ-i-cmjv{Sßfp-sam-s° {]-t£m-`ßf-c-tßdn-b- cmjv{Sßfn-se- `-c-W-Iq-Sßsf- in-Yn-e-am°p-hm-\pw{I-ta-W- kz¥w- Xm¬]-cy߃ A-hn-sS- \-S∏nem°p-hm-\p-ap≈ kµ¿`-am-bn- CØcw- {]-t£m`ßsf- hn-\n-tbm-Kn°bpw- sN-bvXn´p≠v.- ap…owcm-jv{Sßfn¬ \n-e-\n¬°p∂ in-bm˛kp∂o- hwio-bX - b - p-sS- Xm¬]-cy߃°pw- Cu- N-e\ - ßfn¬ ]¶p≠v.- _-lvssd-\n-se-bpw- Cu-Pn-]vXn-se-bpw- kndn-b-bn-se-bpw- {]-t£m-`ßfn¬ C-dm-s‚ C-S-s]-Sep-Iƒ hy‡am-Wv.- kp∂n-Iƒ \n-b-{¥n°p∂ `c-WI - q-Sßfp≈ cm-jv{Sßfn-se- hn-aX - - \o°ßsft{]m¬km-ln∏n°p-hm≥ in-bm- `q-cn-]£ cm-jv{Sam-b- C-dm≥ k-ao-]-Im-eØp- Im-Wn°p∂ A-an-Xam-b- Hu¬kp-Iyw- B-tKm-f- am-[y-a߃ X-s∂ ]-e-X-h-W- Nq≠n°m´p-I-bp≠m-bn-. Im-f- s]-s‰∂p- tIƒ°p-tºm-tg°pw- I-b-sdSp°p∂Xp-t]m-se- A-d_ - v cm-jv{Sßfn-se- {]-t£m`- N-e-\ßsf- ssk≤m¥n-I-am-bn- N¿hn-X- N¿hWØn-\p- hn-t[-ba - m°p∂ hn-Zq-c- cm-Pyßfn-se- am[y-a߃ B- cm-jv{Sßfp-sS- ]›mØeØn¬ \n∂p-sIm≠pw- A-hn-Sßfn-se- bm-Ym¿∞y߃ ap∂n¬sh®pw- A-h-[m-\-X-tbm-sS- Im-cyßsf- hni-I-e-\- hn-t[-b-am-t°≠Xp≠m-bn-cp∂p-.- am-[yaßfp-sS- `m-h-\-I-fpw- hm¿ØI-fn-se- h¿Æ®n-dIp-I-fpw- A-Xv cm-jv{Sßfn¬ Po-hn°p∂ ]m-hw- a\p-jy¿ A-`n-ap-Jo-I-cn°p∂ k-Xyßfp-am-bn- s]mcpØs∏S-W-sa∂n√.- ap√∏q- hnπhØn-s‚ bYm¿∞ K‘߃ ]p-dØp-hc - m-\n-cn°p-t∂bp≈q.- B- K‘߃ A-{X-am-{Xw- lr-Zyßfm-bn-cn°Wsa∂n√

tabv 2011

tIW¬ K±m^n

amknI


kmtIXw

kwkvImcw

16

amknI

Fw. sI. lcnIpam¿

I-et- bm- km-ln-Xy-tam- C∂v a-\ n-s‚ hym-]m-cw- t]mep-a√;- A-Xv km-t¶Xn-I-hpw- D-ev]m-Z-\-]-c-hp-am-bsXm-gn-en-s‚ \n¿Ωn-Xn-I-fm-Wv.- Un-ssk≥ sk‚dpIƒ,- Un-.‰n-.-]n- sk‚dp-Iƒ,- t^m-t´m-{Km-^¿am¿,h≥In-S- {] p-Iƒ F√mw- F-gpØn-s\-bpw- I-e-sbbpw- \n-c¥cw- ]p-\-cp-ev]m-Zn∏n°m≥ hn-[n°s∏´ncn°p∂p-.- ]p-kvX-IØn-\v \√ D≈S°w- th-W-sa∂v \n¿_‘w- B¿°p- a n√.- \√ A®Sn- b pw- I- h ¿ Nn-{X-hp-am-Wv B-fp-Iƒ B-h-iy-s∏Sp∂Xv.-

t{]£IcpsS ]pXnb h¿§w H]I¿ØnsbSp°p∂X√msX cp aqibn¬ \n∂v IemtemIØv H∂pw kw`hn°p∂n√. t\mhepIƒ, Nn{X߃, inev]߃, IhnXIƒ F√mw \m hmbn®pw tI´pw a\ nem°nb Imcy߃° ∏pdtØ°v sIm≠pt]mIp∂n√. Iemcq]߃ Ct∏mƒ icn°pw B¥cnIamb At\zjW߃ Ahkm\n∏n®ncn°bmWv. F¥mWv At\zjn°m \p≈Xv? Bflob ImcyßfmsW¶n¬, B[p\nI¿ sNbvXXpt]mse D]\njØnepw KoXbnepw sN∂v \n¬°mt\ Ahbv°v Ignbq. ]pXnb ho£Ww

tabv 2011

D≠m°m\p≈ PohnXw B¿°pan√ Ietb°mƒ IemImc∑mcpsS PohnXamWv \nehmcs∏´n cn°p∂Xv. ]pXpXmbn H∂pw ]dbm\n√. At\zjn®Xv Xs∂ ho≠pw At\zjn°pIb√msX bmsXm∂pw kw`hn°p∂n√. IhnX, C∂v Gsd°psd kmam\yhXvIcn °s∏´p. GXv kw`mjWhpw C∂v IhnXbmWv! IhnXb√mØXmbn F¥p≠v? hkvXp°sf hyht—Zn®p a\ nem°m\p≈ i‡nbn√mØXn\v ImcWhpap≠v. F¥pw ]p\cpev]mZn∏n°m\p≈ kwkvImcw C∂p≠v. Hcmƒ

hnh¿Ø\w sNbvX IrXn-Iƒ Xs∂, ]n∂oSv ]e¿ hnh¿Ø\w sNøp∂Xpt]msebp≈ hyhkmb km[yXIƒ kpe`amWv. Ietbm kmlnXytam C∂v a\ ns‚ hym]mcw t]mepa√; AXv kmt¶XnIhpw Dev]mZ\]chpamb sXmgnens‚ \n¿ΩnXnIfmWv. Unssk≥ sk‚dpIƒ, Un.‰n.]n sk‚dpIƒ, t^mt´m{Km^¿am¿, h≥InS {] pIƒ F√mw FgpØns\bpw Iesbbpw \nc¥cw ]p\cpev]mZn∏n°m≥ hn[n°s∏´ncn°p∂p. ]pkvXIØn\v \√ D≈S°w


17

B[p-\nI A®Snb{¥-߃

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI

thWsa∂v \n¿_‘w B¿°pan√. \√ A®Snbpw Ih¿ Nn{XhpamWv BfpIƒ Bhiys∏Sp∂Xv. {]tabtam, AhXcWtam, C\nta¬ Bcpw hnebncpØm≥ t]mIp∂n√. AXns‚ Bhiyw Xs∂bn√. GXv ]pkvXIØn\pw Ahm¿UpIƒ In´pw. ImcWw AXpw bm{¥nIamb ]p\cpev]mZ\Øns‚ `mKamWv. hmƒ´¿ _©an≥ (Walter Benjamin) ]d™Xpt]mse, h≥InS Dev]mZ\Øn¬ Iebv°v {]tXyI tdmsfm∂pan√. Kplm`nØnIfntem, ]≈nIfpsS NphcpIfntem hcbv°s∏´ Nn{Xßsft∏mse C∂v H∂n\pw auenIXbn√. F√mw ]e coXnIfn¬ A\pIcWamWv. ]pXnb ktµitam, e£ytam, kmlNcytam H∂n\pw AhImis∏Sm\mhn√. The work of art in the age of mechanical reproduction F∂t]cn¬ hmƒ´¿ s_©an≥ FgpXnb teJ\w, Iesb∏‰nbp≈ \ΩpsS [mcWsb√mw XncpØm≥ kabamsb∂v kqNn∏n°p∂p. Cu {]_‘Øn\v _©an≥ FSpØv tN¿°p∂ Ihn t]mƒ htednbpsS Nn¥miIehpw, km{ºZmbnI Iebpw AXns‚ Bibhpw ImelcWs∏´Xmbn Nq≠n°m´p∂p. “For the last twenty years neither matter nor space nor time has been what it was from time immemorial. We must expect great innovations to transform the entire technique of the arts ˛ htedn FgpXp∂p. Iesb∏‰n A`n{]mbw ]dbm≥t]mepw C∂v Ignbn√. ImcWw thdn´ H∂pw Bcpw ]Icp∂n√. AXpsIm≠v IebpsS t{]£I¿, Iptd°qSn ]¶mfnØap≈ cwKßfnte°v IpSntbdpIbmWn∂v. ImbnIamam¶ßfmbn amdp∂ {In°‰v a’cw, sSenhnj≥ tjmIƒ, D]t`m‡r Dev]∂߃, UnPn‰¬ D]IcW߃, s]mXphn]WnbpsS D’hambn amdp∂ amfpIƒ F∂nhnSßfnte°v BfpIƒ tNt°dnbncn°bmWv. F¥mbncn°Ww, Cu CS߃ BfpIƒ°v \¬Ip∂Xv; Xo¿®bmbpw AXv kzmX{¥yamWv. ChnsSsb√mw t{]£I¿°v ssehmbn A`n{]mbw ]d™pw hna¿in®pw hnebncpØnbpw AXns‚ `mKamImw. ]n°mtkm sbtbm am‰nkns\tbm Hm¿Ωn∏n°p∂ Hcp


kmtIXw

18

Nn{Xw ImWm≥ t]mIp∂Xnt\°mƒ ssehmWv {In°‰v ImWp∂Xv. Htckabw e£°W°n\p BfpItfmsSm∏w hnImcw ]¶phbv°mw. Cu ]¶phbv°en\p B[nImcnIXbp≠v, hy‡n\njvT Xbp≠v, kmwkvImcnIXbp≠v. {In°‰v Ifn I≠p sIm≠ncn°p∂, t\ca{Xbpw, ImWn°v Nm¿PvUv Bbncn°m≥ Ignbpw. t\mh¬ hmb\tbm, KmednIfnse Nn{X{]Z¿i\w ImWtem Cu ‘Nm¿Pv’ \¬Ip∂n√. HcmfpsS Iem{]Z¿i\tØ°mƒ, At\IcpsS {]IS\w apJyambnØocpIbmWv. \ham[ya ßsf√mw, hy‡nbpsS GIm¥Xb√ hnhcn°p ∂Xv. At\Iw t]cpsS km∂n[yØneqsS, HmtcmcpØ¿°pw AhcpsS hy‡n\njvTXbnte°v FØm≥ Ignbp∂ kmlNcyamWXv. C‚¿s\‰n¬ s]mXpssk‰pIfn¬ N¿®bv°v hcp∂h¿°v, sSenhnj≥ t^m¨ C≥ t{]m{KmapIfnepw hm¿Øm _p≈-‰n-\p-I-fnepw ]s¶Sp°p∂h¿°v At\Iw t]cpsS km∂n[yw A\p`hn°m\mIpw. AtXm sSm∏w AhcpsS hy‡n]camb A`n{]mbßfpw ]dbmw. Nm\epIfnepw s\‰nepw \S°p∂ N¿®Ifnsem∂pw hnZKv≤sc Bhiytabn√. Ip´nIfpsS a\»mkv{Xw, s]¨ ssewKnIX, h\nXIfpsS P\m[n]Xyw XpSßnb hnjbßsf∏‰nbp≈ N¿®Ifn¬ hnZKv≤sc B¿°pw th≠. hnZKv≤sc In´m\n√mØXmWv Hcp ImcWw. Nm\¬ Bhiys∏Sp∂ kabsØ, s\‰nse N¿®IfpsS L´Øn¬ hnZKv≤¿°v AXn¬ tNcm≥ Igns™∂v hcn√. as‰m∂v, hnZKv≤cpsS

tabv 2011

Walter Benjamin

IebpsS t{]£I¿, Iptd°qSn ]¶mfnØap≈ cwKßfnte°v IpSntbdpIbmWn∂v. ImbnIamam¶ßfmbn amdp∂ {In°‰v a’cw, sSenhnj≥ tjmIƒ, D]t`m‡r Dev]∂߃, UnPn‰¬ D]IcW߃, s]mXphn]WnbpsS D’hambn amdp∂ amfpIƒ F∂nhnSßfnte°v BfpIƒ tNt°dnbncn°bmWv. Adnhns‚ k¶o¿WXbpw AKm[Xbpw Bhiyan√ F∂XmWv. N¿® {]_p≤Xbv°v th≠nb√; P\m[n]Xy]camb A\pjvTm\Øn\pth≠nbmWv. hnZKv≤cpsS ]´nIIfpw IW°pIfpw t_mdSn ∏nt®°mw. AhcpsS `mjbpw {]iv\amImw. AXpsIm≠v, s]mXpPohnXØnep≈ Bsc¶nep sams° aXnbmhpw CØcw N¿®Ifn¬. C∂sØ \nebv°v, Hcp s]meokv Hm^ok¿t°m, sSenhnj≥ AhXmcIbvt°m, A`n`mjIt\m, cmjv{Sob t\Xmhnt\m GXv N¿®bnepw

amknI

]s¶Sp°mw. CØcw N¿®Iƒ P\m[n]Xy]cambn \nehmc s∏Sp∂Xn\mWv km[yXbp≈Xv. N¿®IfneqsS H∂pw DcpØncn™phtc≠ Imcyan√. N¿® D≠mbn F∂v ÿm]n°pI am{Xta ]s¶Sp°p∂h¿°pw kwLSn∏n°p∂h¿°pw Dt±iyap≈q. CXv ]mcºcy IebpsS t\scbp≈ Hcp ImWnbpsS/ BkzmZIs‚/hmb\°mcs‚ at\m`mhØn\pt\sc hn]coXamWv. hmb\°mc≥ As√¶n¬ t{]£I≥ C∂v kmwkvImcnI PohnbmWv. Hcp]t£, IemImct\°mƒ kmt¶XnIambn, kmwkvImcnIambn IqSpX¬ kPohambn Pohn°p∂Xv t{]£I\mImw, F{X henb kn\nabmsW¶nepw, AXv {]Z¿in∏n°m≥, Xncs™SpØ Xotb‰dn¬ \√ Ccn∏nS߃ Cs√¶n¬ ImWnIƒ ImWm≥ t]mIn√. kn\na ImWm\p≈ Ccn∏v t]mepw kwkvImch ¬°cWØns‚ `mKamIWsa∂v C∂sØ t{]£I≥ B{Kln°p∂p. sNethdnb aƒ´n ^vfIvkpIfnte°mWh¿ t]mIpI. aƒ´n^vfIvkn s‚ ta¬Øcw Ccn∏nShpw A¥co£hpw, apS°p∂ ]WØn\pXpeyambn Iemaqeyw XcWsa∂v imTyØn¬ \n∂v ]n∑mdm≥ ImWnsb t{]cn∏n°p∂p. {]Z¿in∏n°p∂ kn\na ¢mkn°m sW¶nepw, Xotb‰dnse tSmbve‰n¬ aq°ps]mØn s°m≠√msX Ibdm≥ ]‰mØ kmlNcyam sW¶n¬ t{]£I≥ kn\na ths≠∂v hbv°pw. CXv Cu Imew t{]£I\v \¬Inb kzmX{¥yamWv. km{ºZmbnI Iebv°∏pdØv, AXn\p D]cnbmbn t{]£I≥ t\Snb kmwkvImcnIh¬°cWamWv CXn\p ImcWw.


kmtIXw

Bkzm-Z\w

19

Un. hn\bN{µ≥

Nm°me, Nµ\ K‘߃, IÆq¿tIm´ (ISΩ\n´°hnXIsf°pdn®p≈ AhtemI\w) Surely there must be a way we have not yet thought of. ............................................ it cries, it demands it says that there is a chance at will not say “no” -Charles Bukowski-

HI-S-cΩ\n´ p- ]p-kvX-IØn-sem-Xpßp∂ I-hn-X-I-tfcm-a-Ir-jvW≥ F-gp-Xn-bn´p≈psh¶n-epw- A-h-bn¬ Zr-V-in-ev]ßfm-b- GXm-\pw- c-N-\-Iƒ \-in°mØ hn-f-sh-Sp∏pIƒ B-Ipw-.- ]-c-kv]-c-]q-c-I߃ F¶n-epwA-I-eßfpw- A¥cßfpw- A-h-X-c-W-L-S-\I-fn¬ D≠v.- A-]m-c-am-b- Du¿÷kw-{I-a-WtØm-sS-bp≈ I-SΩn-\n´bp-sS- sNm√epwIm´m-f≥,- In-cm-X-hrØw-,- Ip-dØn- Xp-Sßn-bIm-hy-\m-aßfpw- tIƒhn°m¿ am-{X-am-b-h-scbpw- Xm-fm-\p-k‘m-\w- {]-[m-\-am-sb-SpØv B-kzm-Z-\-hn-a¿i-\w- \-SØp∂h-sc-bpwap≥hn-[n-tbm-sS- B- I-hn-X-I-sf- hn-e-bncpØm≥ \n¿_‘n-X-cm°n-bn´p≠v.- H-cp- X®v D≠m-bm¬ B- Xm∏n¬ \n∂v ]p-dØp-IS°m≥ G-sd-t∏¿°pw- I-gn-bp-I-bp-an√.- Im-SS®v {Zm-hn-U-s∏cp-a-sb∂pw- A-]-km-c-I-_nw_ßfp-sS- B-kp-c-K-Xn-cq-]߃ F∂pwa‰pw- hn-ti-j-Ww- \¬Ip-tºmƒ B- I-hn-XI-fn-se- \m-a˛{In-bm-hn-[n-I-sf- ap-gp-h-\p-am-bnIm-Wm-Xn-cn°p-I-tbm- ]-cn-an-X- hn-Uw-_-

tabv 2011

amknI


20

20

kmtIXw

amknI

20

Ipfn®pIpfn¿∂phcpw ]q¶pcepIƒ ]pWyw XnI™ angnIfn¬ amkvac h¿Ww, hI™ hm¿Iq¥en¬ ]q¥fn¿ K‘w (kz¿W \mK߃) apInen≥ Xcnbmbv aebnepXn¿∂pw aghn√mbn hf™pad™pw aÆn¬ ho≠pw apfbmbv thcmbv (]pcpj kq‡w)

\ßfp-sS- {]-tLm-j-W°m-cm-bn- am-dp-I-tbm- sNøpw-.˛\Ωp-sS- th≠s∏´h-cpw-.-.- H-cp- `‡≥ sh-fn®∏m-Smbn- am-dp-tºmƒ D≈ ]-I¿®I-fp-sS- shfn®s∏SpØep-I-fpw- H®I-fpw- A-hn-sS- D-s≠¶n-epwI∏pw- tIm-eßfpw- Ip-S-am‰hpw- sIm≠v A-h-km\n°p∂h-b√ B- Im-hy-{Km-aw-.- ]-Xn™ tXßep-Ifpw- G-Im¥ hn-jm-Zßfpw- A-hn-sS- D≠v.- ISΩ\n´bp-sS- hm°n¬ ]-d™m¬ \p-Wpßp- ZpxJßfpw- Nµ\-K‘ßfpw- e-fn-X-kp-`-K-am-{X-I-fpwD≠v.- ]-cm-Xnsb∂ I-hn-X- A-\p-`-hn°mw-.]dbq ]cmXn \o IrjvtW, \ns‚ hndbm¿∂ Np≠pambv \ndbp∂ IÆpambv ]dbq ]cmXn \o IrjvtW AhnsS \obß\ncn°q˛ apSn °XncpIfev]samXp°q...... Cu- I-hn-X- a-\ n¬ am-{Xw- hm-bn°p-I-bmsW¶n¬ A-\p-`q-Xn-bp-sS- \n-d-hp- Iq-Spw-.- kvt\-lØns‚ km-c-fy-hpw- tXßepw- D≈n¬ D-em-hpw-.- \nµm-^en-XØn-s‚ Dƒh-en-hp-s≠¶n-epw- C°q-sS- hm-bn°mhp∂Xm-Wv “{]WbKoXw” \mant∏mƒ ]ckv]cw t{]a_‘nXct√m \obpaßs\Xs∂ kΩXn°pIbmte “Hcp ]gbt{]aw ]gba´n¬” F∂ IhnXbpw GIm¥XbpsS hnfw_Øn¬ Bcw`n®mWv AIr{Xna PohnXØns‚ A`n\µ\XmfamIp∂Xv. \n›ew \nesImƒIbmWp Rm≥ IS¬°sc \nizkn°pIt]mepsa{X Zpjv°cant∏mƒ t]ehhpw kv\nKv≤hpw A`nPmX hnip≤hpamb CSbnf°ßƒ th≠pthmfw D≠v. angnbn¬ XqacµØm¬ hmens´gpXns°mƒhn≥ (amºq°ƒ) Iqdn≥ cmK]cmKw Xqa[phqdpw aecn≥ Icfn¬ I\hmbv \n\hmbv (iciø) IdpI∏p√ns‚ Ihnfnemtdgp \ndßfneqsS \nanj߃ (hcIƒ, h¿Æ߃)

tabv 2011

I¿∏qcZo]w IØn®p tImhnen≥ Xncpapºnembv ssIIq∏nbmeneebvs°m∏w BflKZvKZ_≤bmbv A∂sØb¥nsh´Ønehƒ \nev]XpI≠p Rm≥ (amºq°ƒ) I-hn- a-\ n-s‚b-`n-em-jßfpw- A-`n-ap-Jo-I-c-Wßfpw- FSpØp-]-d-bp∂ A-Sn-I-fp-ap≠v. Dan\ocpapdns™∂p≈n¬ DWcp∂t√msshhiyw Hcp Xmcn≥ Nncn ImWm\mbv Fcnbpw IÆpIfpgdp∂q sNdpInfnbn≥ ]m´n\pth≠n ImXpIƒ Np≠p]nf¿Øp∂q \mWn® \nemhpNpc∂ ape∏mep IpSn°m≥ tamlw (iciø) Cu eenX hymtamlw ]mIw h∂ ^enX hn{iahpamImw Ct∂Xmbmepw kzÿamb Hcp Znhk ambncn°Wsa∂v Rm≥ a\:]q¿hw Xocpam\n®p. XebWa{¥w t]mse Rm\XhfpsS ImXntemXn ]pe¿Ime hmbphn¬ kvt\lØns‚ kuc`yap≠v AekXbv°v AXnt‚Xmb kpJap≠v (kzÿamb Hcp Znhkw) `h`qXn HcnSØp ]dbp∂p≠v “h{PØnepw Xptemw ITn\w, \¬Ømcnepw arZpXcw”. Ihn ISΩ\n´ kamlmcØns‚ BapJØn¬ ]dbp∂p. “IhnXbpw {]h¿Ø\amWv \√ a\pjy\mIm\p≈ {]h¿Ø\w” s\©sØmcp ]¥w IpØn\n¬°p∂ Im´mf≥ Xfncpw tX\pw Cfw \nemhpw Adn™h≥ Xs∂. B¿ \tc{µ{]kmZv Gsd°psd ka{KambnØs∂ Cu [ocsshhiy߃ FSpØp]d™n´p≠v. AcßpIfpsS elcnbn¬ Bcm[I¿ Nhn´nsaXn® sNm¬hSnhpIƒ°v A¿∞cpNnbp sS ASnÿm\Øn¬ ssk≤m ¥nIamb ]n≥_ew \¬InbXpw \tc{µ{]kmZmWv. s]¿t^manMv _oÃv F∂pw as‰mcp kmw_in


21

h≥ F∂pw A°meØp≠mb Bt£]߃°p {]Xntcm[hp ambncp∂p {]kmZns‚ \n¿ΩmWw. ISΩ\n´°hnXbpsS {][m\ Imhcpƒ hoSv, IpSpw_w, \mSv, \KcØnte°p {ItaW sX∂nt∏m Ip∂ hgnIƒ, \KcØn¬ \n∂p ho´nte°p≈ aS°bm{XIƒ ˛ CØcw Hcp `q]Sw ISΩ\n´° hnXbn¬ Ds≠¶nepw A—\Ω amcpw a°fpw tN¿∂ hoSpw ]cnkchpw BWv B IhnXbpsS Imhcpƒ. B ho£WØn¬ ISΩ\n´°hnXbpsS a¿ΩXmfambn \nebpdbv°p∂Xv ISn™q¬s∏m´≥ F∂ ImhyamWv (Cu IhnX hmßn®psIm≠pt]mbn {]kn≤oIcn®Xv Rm\mWv) blqZ Aan®mbv, Z¿hojv XpSßn hyXykvX ]mcºcy ßfn¬ D≈h¿°pw AΩbpw \mSpw hoSpw \mƒ hgn Xs∂ ]mhamsamcp s]Æn≥ ssXapeNpc∂mZyw Xqhnb IÆocns‚ a[pcw \pI¿∂Xpw Iqºnb IÆn≥ tNm´n¬ Nµ\ØW¬ ]‰n t\mhen™pdßnbpapWcpt∂ cØSpØn√m≠p Ic™Xpw sRcn™p Icbptºmƒ Np≠pIƒ Nen®tΩ shfnhmbXpw˛ AΩbpw aÆpw BZn]cmi‡nbpw H∂pXs∂. “]mhamsamcpIp∂n≥ tNm´nsessØsXßns‚ ]q°pe s]m´n°∂n°mbv IWnhncn™Xpw˛” XpS¿∂v “BZni‡nbmaΩbmthin®pW¿∂Xpw˛ F∂ IpSpw_ alm-hn-fw-_-c-ambn IhnX apt∂-dp-∂p. A—s‚ Km{Xw \´p-Xs∂ A—s‚ ]md-s°-´n-e-≈p-I, sXfn-\o-cn≥ kz—-am-sam-gp-°Øp \o¥p-I, \nh-cpI F∂ A`nbm\w. Cu IpSpw_°qdv ]°hpw ]nd∂mfpw NmØhpw NcXhpambn kº∂amWv. XpfknØdtae¥nØncnsh®Ω \n∂ \mƒ Xpdphpw sXmSnbpw ]p¬In°pfn¿ Im‰p\S∂ \mƒ sXmgpØn¬ I∂ns\ \°n°pSØn¬ ]m¬ \nd™ \mƒ `kvaw ]qinb∏q∏≥ ]qapJØp P]n®\mƒ (amºq°ƒ) ]ndhn apX¬ ]cn{Ian°p∂ Krl]mTßfpsS ss\c¥cyw ImWmw BZnXy\c®p Ipdp°nb s]m∂pw tX\pw \mhn¬ tX®p

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI

\mWn®\nemhpNpc∂ape∏mep IpSn®pNncn®p cmhn≥ Icnho´n ISs™mcp sXm´nen¬ Xmcm´nb a{¥kz\Øn¬ ad∂p abßnbpdßn ISΩ\n´bn¬ ]n. Ip™ncma≥ \mbcpsS kv]¿itam? AXmhWsa∂n√. Ihn a\ v B¿{ZamIptºmƒ Cu Ipfncpw aWhpw hcpw. Ip™ptams‚ Xfncnfw Np≠n¬ sIm™Iqºn°pkrXn hncn™pw Nn‰pfn∏√a¿Ønsb≥ tXmfn¬ sIm®p]qhn≥ ]S߃ hc™pw ]n®h®p ]nct≠mSn hoWn˛ ´—s\ t\m°n°Æo¿ s]mgn™pw \n¬°ptama\°Æm Ip™p hfcpIbmWv. ChnsSbpw A—\pw Ip™pw tN¿∂ hoSv. A\ymZricq]Øn¬ tImgnbpw aIt\mSv kzÿamb Hcp Znhkw XpSßnbhbpw IpSpw_]pcmW߃ Xs∂. Aø∏]Wn°cpsS IpSpw_]pcmWßfnse Nm‰pIfpw (IpSpw_]pcmWw) \mepsI´pIfpw (tKm{Xbm\w) A√ ChnsS. XI¿®bpsS Ibv]pw D≠v. ‘GtXm Ip{KmaØn¬ XdtbmSpIƒ XΩn¬Ø√nbIs∂mcp Xdhm´n¬ tatem´Iƒ aÆnenSn™p alØzw sNm√pw Xdhm´n¬ AΩ a-cn®∂—\p-t]£n-s®∂pw D≈ co-Xn-bnep≈ Cu-Xn- _m-[-I-fp-sS- kµ¿`߃ Dt]£n°p∂n√.- I-Sn™q¬ s]m´≥ h-f¿∂v D-e-IwNp‰n- \m´n¬ h∂v ho≠pw- \m-Sp-Im-Wp∂Xn-s‚ IS™ in-ev]-am-Wv I-SΩ\n´ F∂ I-hn-X-.- Cu- I-hnX-I-fp-sS- k-a-\z-bw- Rm-\n∂p-sa-s‚ {Km-aØn-em-Wv F∂ Ir-Xn-bn¬ Im-Wmw-.- \-K-c-sØ∏‰n- [m-cm-fw- kphn-ti-jßfpw- Im°cn»n-I-fpw- ]-d™ I-hn-bm-Wv Cu- B-W-bn-Sp∂Xv.


22

]pXpIhnXbn¬ \m´pºpdØns‚ IrXyamb Hcp XndbmWv ‘Nm°me’ \m´p-\¿ΩØn-s‚bpwh¿Øam-\Øn-s‚ \o´n°pdp°en-t‚bpw- C-gp-In-t®c¬ I-hn-X-bn-se- A-Xy-]q¿h-am-bH-cp- km-[y-X-bm-Wv sX-fns®SpØXv.Rms\m‰bv°√ Fs‚ _‘p°fpw i{Xp°fpw ChnsSbp≠v IpfØn¬ sh≈w \ndbpIbpw h‰nt∏mIpIbpw sNøp∂p hbepIƒ hnfbpIbpw hcfpIbpw sNøp∂p. ......................................................................... F\ns°√mhcpap≠v. ChnsS F√mh¿°pw A—≥, AΩ, `mcy, a°ƒ, AΩmh≥ tPyjvT≥, A\pP≥, s]߃, Afnb≥ F√mw C-Xp-sIm-s≠m-s° Nn-e¿ I-SΩ\n´ B-Im-iw- t\m°msX- aÆn-tem´p- t\m°n-\-S∂p- I-hn-X- sI´p∂ B-fmsW∂v B-t£]n°p∂p≠v.- A-Xv ]q¿W-am-bpw- i-cn-b√.B-Im-i°Xn-cp-I-fp-sS- hn-kva-b-hn-Yn-Iƒ k-ar≤a-s√¶nepw- I-SΩ\n´°hn-X-bn¬ D≠v. AIsesbmcp aeapIfnem¿{ZaµkvanXw XShn hnScpw ]qh\Øns‚ Ombbn¬ (im¥) sR´n-bp-W-cp-tºm-tg°pw- ]p-Xn-sbm-cp sh´w- hn-S-cp-sa∂m-in®p-\n-ev]p- Rm≥ (-Rm-\n-hn-sS-bmWv) tl {]`mIc \o DZn°nt√ tl \nimNct_m[ta \o hmßn \n¬°nt√ (\ZnsbmgpIp∂p) ]dbptºmƒ ]dbWat√m Fs∂mcp ]d®n¬ \m´pºpdØp≠t√m. “Hcp kqcy\pZn°pw \ngembn´ºnfn hfcpw.” Nm°mebpw Im°ncn»nIfpw ]pXpIhnXbn¬ \m´pºpdØns‚ IrXyamb Hcp XndbmWv ‘Nm°me’ \m´p-\¿ΩØn-s‚bpw- h¿Øam-\Øns‚ \o´n°p-dp°en-t‚bpw- C-gp-In-t®c¬ I-hn-X-bn-se- AXy-]q¿h-am-b- H-cp- km-[y-X-bm-Wv sX-fn-s®SpØXv.AØcw- kr-jvSn-kn≤n-Iƒ A-[n-I-an√.- a-c-W- ho´n¬ sN∂v ap-dp°n- \o´nØp∏n- Ip∂m-bva- ]-d™tXm¿Øp-Ip-S-

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI

bp∂Xn-s‚ H-cp- Iq-tSm-{Xw- Nm°m-ebn¬ D≠v.- hm°p-Iƒ h-{In®pw- ]m-c-Un-am¿§w- kzoI-cn®pw- Aø∏]-Wn°¿ \-SØp∂ hn-Zq-j-Ikvta-cØn¬ \n∂v hy-Xy-kvX-am-Wn-Xv.- ISΩ\n´°hn-X-bn-se- tI-c-fo-b-ap-{Z-bp-sS- sX-fna- Cu- I-hn-X-bn¬ B-Wp≈Xv.Ip™pÆn°hn-X-I-tf°mƒ Ip‰ns∏≥kn¬ F∂ I-Ym-k-am-lm-c-am-W-t√mIp™pÆn-am-sj- Io-gv°mw-X-e-bp-sS-bpwta°mw-X-e-bp-sS-bpw- ]n≥ap-d°m-c-\m°p∂Xv.I-dpØNn-cn-b-s√¶n-epw- I-SpØNn-cn-bp-sS- hn-ZKv≤th-j߃ `m-Ky-im-en-Iƒ,- ]-c-kyw-,IºnØ]m¬ h-Ip∏v F∂o- I-hn-X-I-fn¬ ImWmw-.- ]p-gpßn-b- ap´Iƒ,- aØß,- cm-jv{So-bt\-Xm-hv,- sF-I-a-Xyw-,- tXß,- ap-J-{]-kw-Kw-,k-Xo-i≥,- \-h-h’cm-iw-k-Iƒ,- XpΩcp-Xv,- hmkp-tZ-h≥ F∂nßs\- A-\-h-[n- h-I-Iƒ.NpΩm- Nn-cn- ap-X¬ Bfl\nµ I-e¿∂ F°n´tØm-sS-bp≈ C-fn°ep-Iƒ h-sc-.- kw`-h-{]-[m-\w-,- ]m-{X-{]-[m-\w-,- `m-j-W-{]-[m-\wF-s∂√mw- ]-e-hn-[Øn¬.- ]-S-b-Wn-bn¬ Im°n-cn»n- D≠v.- A∏q∏\pw- AΩqΩbpw- ]-ctZ-in-bpw- ^-en-X-ap-lq¿Ø°m-cm-Wv.- \ºq-Xn-cn^-en-XØn-s‚ tI-h-e-]-c-\nµbp-sS- tIm-bvabn√.- ]-cn-lm-kØn≥ `m-j- km¿h-eu-In-I-at√m F∂p- I-hn-bp-sS- BflK-Xw-.- B-cp≈ lm-kyw- Ku-c-h- c-N-\-Iƒ \-SØn-b- km-ln-XyIm-c¿ B-Wv sIm≠p-h∂Xv.- I-Y-bn¬ th-fq¿ Ir-jvW≥ Ip´n-b√ _-jo-dpw- hn-.-sI-.-F≥˛\pwB-Wv I-cpØpw- Im-X-ep-ap≈ Nn-cn- kw-{Ian∏n°p∂Xv.- I-hn-X-bn-se- Im-cy-hpw- a-dn®√.F√mw- \-jvS-s∏´m-epw- Nn-cn°m-\p≈ I-gn-hv \jvS-s∏Sm-Xn-cp∂m¬ tI-c-fo-b¿ c£s∏t´°psa∂v ssh-tem∏n≈n- Iq-dn-bn´p≠v. G-Im¥X-bpw A-Xn√mØsbm-cmƒ I-hn-bm-In√t√m-.- GIm¥X-bp-sS- aq-cßfpw- ]-S-hp-I-fpw- hn-P-\-X-Ifpw- ]-e-X-c-am-Imw\n›ew \nesImƒIbmWp Rm≥ IS¬°sc \nizkn°pIt]mepsa{X Zpjv°cant∏mƒ (Hcp ]gb t{]aw ]gba´n¬) X\n®p \n∂p Rm≥, Imen¬ sImXpIcn®t∏mf\ßn\n∂p Rm≥ (_kv tÃm∏n¬) Hm¿ΩIfn∂papdßnt°ms´ Rm\o hgnbnsemcnØncnt\c˛ ancps∂≥ IÆpXncpΩnt°ms´ (ISΩ\n´) (Xp-S-cpw............)


23

kmtIXw

23

amknI

Btcm-Ky-cwKw

23

tUm. thWp tXm∂bv°¬

amXf∏gØn¬ PohIw knbpw t^mkv^dkpw [mcmfambn ASßnbncn°p∂p. \qdv {Kmw amXf∏gØn¬ 70 an√n{Kmw t^mkv^dkpw 16 an√n{Kmw PohIw knbpw 10 an√n{Kmw Im’yhpw 0.3 an√n{Kmw Ccpºwihpw ]ns∂ t{]m´o≥, sImgp∏v, ]©kmc, a·ojyw, kƒ^¿ s]IvSn≥, Sm\n≥, HmIvkmenIv BknUv, \mcpLSIw F∂nhbpw ASßnbncn°p∂p.

amXfw ]qØt∏mƒ am

Xfw Hc¤pXamWv. Htckabw `£Wambpw Huj[ambpw Ncn{XmXoX ImesØ ]pIgvs]‰XmWv amXfw. ho´n¬ Hcp tUmIvS¿ F∂ XeØnemWv \mw C∂v amXfsØ ImWp∂Xv. kmam\yw hen∏ap≈hbmWv. Hcp Hmd©nt\mfw hcpw. ]pdwN´ I´n IqSnbXmWv. Nph∏p\ndw. AXn\p≈n¬ \ndsb ]n¶v \ndØntem {Inwk¨ \ndØntem tImWmIrXnbnep≈ A√nIƒ ImWmw.

tabv 2011

tabv 2011


kmtIXw

24

CXmWv amXfØns‚ `£WtbmKyamb `mKw. Hmtcm A√nbv°IØpw sNdnb hnØpIƒ ImWmw. GXm≠v ]IpXntbmfw hnØv BsW∂v ]dbp∂Xmhpw icn. amXfw Ign®n´p≈h¿°v A°Y a\ nembn´p≠mhpw. hfsc cpNnIcamb Hcp ]gamWnXv. kn{SnIv {^q´v BIbm¬ t\cnb ]pfn∏p≈ a[pcamWv. amXfpw t\cn´pw ]g®msdSpØpw Ign°mhp∂XmWv. t]ma{Ks\‰v (pomegranate) F∂v Cw•ojn¬ hnfn°pw. ]yqWn° {Ks\‰pw (Punica granatum) F∂v imkv{X\maw. ]yqWnt°kn(Punicaceae)bmWv IpSpw_w. amXf∏gw, UmUnaw, XmfnamXfw, amXf \mcß F∂nßs\bpw CXdnbs∏Sp∂p. hfsc ]ucmWnIXzw AhImis∏Sm\mhp∂ Hcp ]gamWnXv. _m_ntemWnbmbnse lmwMv Km¿U\n¬ amXfw D≠mbncp∂p. Cdm≥ BWv

tabv 2011

P∑tZiw. AhnsS \n∂pw saUn‰td\nb≥ {]tZi߃, C¥y, ssN\, P∏m≥ F∂nhnSßfnte°pw hym]n®p. C¥ybn¬ GXm≠v F√mbnSØpw CXv Irjn sNøs∏Sp∂p. CXns‚ \ocn¬ PohIw knbpw t^mkv^dkpw [mcmfambn ASßnbncn°p���p. \qdv {Kmw amXf∏gØn¬ 70 an√n{Kmw t^mkv^dkpw 16 an√n{Kmw PohIw knbpw 10 an√n{Kmw Im’yhpw 0.3 an√n{Kmw Ccpºwihpw ]ns∂ t{]m´o≥, sImgp∏v, ]©kmc, sa·ojyw, kƒ^¿ s]IvSn≥, Sm\n≥, HmIvkmenIv BknUv,

amknI

\mcpLSIw F∂nhbpw ASßnbncn°p∂p. amXfw kaqew Huj[tbmKyamWv. CXns\ Hcp eLp`£Wambpw AtX kabw lrZbmtcmKyØn\p≈ Hcp tSmWn°mbpw {]mNo\`mcXw \n¿hNn®ncp∂p. Atd_ybnse ]pcmX\ enJnXßfn¬ DZc{]iv\߃°pw s\©pthZ\bv°pw CXv \s∂∂v ImWp∂p. \√ a[pcap≈ amXf∏gw aeanf°m\pw a[pcw Ipd™h DZc{]iv\߃°pw s\©pthZ\bv°pw D]tbmKn°mat{X.


kmtIXw

25

amknI

amXfw Im≥kdns‚ i{Xpsh∂v KthjW߃ hnebncpØp∂p. amXf\ocv icocØns‚ {]Xntcm[tijn h¿[n∏n®v tcmKßfn¬ \n∂pw icocsØ c£nbv°p∂p. CXn¬ \n∂pw th¿Xncns®Sp°p∂ Nne kwbp‡ßƒ°v F®v.sF.hn, C≥^vfph≥k sshdkv, Utbdnb sshdkv F∂nhbvs°Xnsc {]h¿Øn°m\mhpsa∂v Is≠Ønbncn°p∂p. \mcßm\ocv t]mse CXpw £oWØn\v \∂v. GXv tcmKmhÿbnepw amXf\ocv Ignbv°mhp∂XmWv. DZc{]iv\߃°v CXv AXypØaw. hni∏n√mØh¿ CXv ioeam°pI. \jvSs∏´ hni∏v Xms\ aSßnhcpw. Zl\°pdhv, s\s©cn®n¬, Hm°m\w, O¿±n, hmbqtIm]w, hbdnf°w, hbdpISn XpSßnb tcmKmhÿIfn¬ amXf\ocv \¬IpI. hncieyaI‰m≥ amXfs®SnbpsS sXmen, thcv, X≠v F∂nh \∂v. sXmen (]´)bn¬ ]yq\nkn≥ (Punicine)) F∂ HcpXcw B¬°tembvUv ASßnbncn°p∂p. CXv \mShncsb \in∏n°p∂p. £btcmKw, ]\n, ssSt^mbvUv F∂o AhÿIfn¬ D≠mhp∂ £oWw, hni∏n√mbva F∂nhs°Xnsc amXf\ocv \∂mbn {]h¿Øn°p∂p. amXftØmSv DW°ns∏mSn® D∏ps]mSn tN¿Øv Z¥Nq¿Wambn ]≠pImeßfn¬ D]tbmKn®ncp∂p. CXv

tabv 2011

Z¥tcmKßsf AI‰pIbpw tamWmtcmKyw sa®s∏SpØpIbpw hmbv\m‰aI‰pIbpw sNbvXncp∂p. amXfw Im≥kdns‚ i{Xpsh∂v KthjW߃ hnebncpØp∂p. amXf\ocv icocØns‚ {]Xntcm[tijn h¿[n∏n®v tcmKßfn¬ \n∂pw icocsØ c£nbv°p∂p. CXn¬ \n∂pw th¿Xncns®Sp°p∂ Nne kwbp‡ßƒ°v F®v.sF.hn, C≥^vfph≥k sshdkv, Utbdnb sshdkv F∂nhbvs°Xnsc {]h¿Øn°m\mhpsa∂v Is≠Ønbncn°p∂p. AXni‡amb _mIvSocnb kwlmcn CXn¬ \n∂pw \n¿Ωn°m\p≈ {ia߃ Bcw`n®n´p≠v. K¿`\ntcm[\ DdIfn¬ {]tbmP\s∏SpØm\p≈ KthjW߃

\S∂phcnIbmWv. AXv hnPbn°pIbmsW¶n¬ kwt`mKØneqsS ]Icp∂ ssewKnItcmKßsf \nb{¥n°m\mhp∂XmWv. CXv ip¢h¿[n\nbmIbm¬ ]pcpj∑m¿ [mcmfambn Ign°p∂Xv \∂v. Icƒ, lrZbw, hr°Iƒ F∂o B¥cmhbhßfpsS \√ \SØn∏n\v CXv klmbn°p∂p. k¿_Øv, knd∏pIƒ, P√nIƒ, sFkv{Iow, a¿atemUpIƒ F∂nhbpsS D¬]mZ\Øn\v CXp]tbmKn°p∂p. amXf\ocn¬ \n∂pw ssh≥ D¬]mZn∏n°mhp∂XmWv. amXf∏gw Bdv amktØmfw tISv IqSmsX tIm¬Uv tÃmtdPn¬ kq£n°m\mhp∂p. amXftØmSns‚ {]tXyIXaqeamWnXv km[yamhp∂Xv. tXmSv s]m´n® DSs\ AXns‚ A√nIƒ Ignbvt°≠XmWv. CXns‚ ]qhn¬ \n∂pw Hcp Nph∂ ssU th¿Xncns®Sp°p∂p.


kmtIXw

amknI

Nn¥

26

sI.]n. ctajv

Umen

"_ lp-kz-c-X-bpsS hnNm-c-amXrI' F∂ t]cn¬ Rms\-gpXnb Hcp teJ-\-sØ-∏‰n Hcmƒ ({io.- F w.- h n.- s _- ∂ n) Xs‚ k¨tU-tIm-fØ - n¬ hni-Ie - \ - wsN-bvXXv Hm¿Ω-h-cp-∂p. B[p-\nI-Xbv°p tij-ap-ff `mhp-IXzw ae-bm-ft- \m-he - n¬ {]Xy-£s - ∏-Sp∂-sX-ßs\ F∂ At\z-j-WamWv Fs‚ teJ-\-Øn-ep-f-f-Xv. Z¿i-\-Øn-s‚ apJapff B[p-\nIm-\-¥c `mhp-I-XzsØ kqNn-∏n°m- \ mWv "t]mfn^Wn' F∂¿∞w hcp-∂ _lpkz-cX F∂ hm°v Rm\p-]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv. AXv Fs‚ I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-sam-∂pa√! F¶nepw, B {]tbmKw Atßsc sNmSn-∏n-®p. CXn-\nsS {]kvXpX hnj-bsØ- ∏ ‰n C.- h n.- c m- a - I r- j v W ≥ "t]m¿°- f - Ø nse Nncn' F∂ t]cn¬ Fgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p. anJm-bn¬ _mIvYos\ B[m-c-am-Ip∂ cN\- b m- b n- c p∂p AXv. Fs∂ hna¿in-®-bmƒ cma-Ir-jvWs‚ teJ-\Ø - ns‚ ]n≥_-eØ - n-emWv kwkm- c n- ® Xv F∂XmWv ckIcw. Abm-fpsS hna¿i-\Øns‚ ImX¬ CXmWv: ""_lpkz- c - X - s b- ° p- d n®v Fgp- X m≥ Rm≥ tbmKy-\-√, Rm≥ _lpkz-c-X-sb-∏‰n ]Tn-®n-´n-√''. anJmbn¬ _mIvYo-t\m-Sp-ff `‡n-\nanØw At±lw ]d- b p- ∂ p, F\n°v _mIv Y os‚ Cw•ojv ]pkvXIw hmbn-°m-\d - n-bm-ØX - psIm≠v _mIvYo-s\-∏‰n cma-IrjvW-s\-gp-Xnb teJ\w hmbn®m¬ ia\w In´p-sa∂v kmln- X y- Ø nse IpXn- c Ib‰w Fs∂ms° hnfnt°≠Xv CØcw {]hrØn- I - s f- b m- W v .

tabv 2011

_ntYmh≥

anJmtb¬

_mIvXo≥

A¿∞m-¥cw hcp∂ hgn-Iƒ Hcmƒ as‰m- c msf F{X- a m{Xw Dƒs°m≠p F∂p IrXy-ambn \n¿∆-Nn-°m≥ {]m]vX-amb D]-Ic-W-ß-sfm∂pw temIØv CXphsc I≠p-]n-Sn-°-s∏-´n-´n-s√∂v Ct±-l-Øn\v Adn-bn-√. B[p-\nIm\¥c ae-bm-f-t\m-h¬ (tI.km.- A - ° m- Z - a n, 1998) F∂ ]pkvXIw Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xns‚ `mK-ambn DØ-cm-[p-\n-I-X-sb-°pdn-®p-ff ssk≤m-¥n-I-{K-Ÿ-߃ Rm≥ hmbn- ® n- c p- ∂ p. A°q- ´ Øn¬ anJm-bn¬ _mIvYo-s\bpw {i≤n-®p. Nne \√ ]mT-߃ AhnsS- \ n∂pw ]Tn- ° m- \ p- s ≠∂v F\n°p tXm∂p-∂p. "_lp-kzcX' F∂p kqNn- ∏ n- ° m≥ _mIvYo≥ D]-tbm-Kn-®Xv "t]mfn^Wn' F∂- s √∂pw ]Icw "t]mfn-t•m- nb' F∂m-sW∂pw Fs∂ hna¿in-®-bmƒ _≤-∏m-Sn\n-S-bm¬ {i≤n-®n-´n-√-∂p- tXm∂p∂p. F∂m¬,- Rm≥ ]cn-Nbn® Polyphony Xo¿®- b mbpw kmln- X y- k n- ≤ m- ¥ - Ø n¬\n∂v In´n-b-X√! ZkvX-tb-hvkvIn-bpsS Imhy-im-kv{X-sØ-°p-dn®v _mIvYo≥ I\-s∏-s´mcp ]pkvXI-sa-gp-Xn-bn-´p-s≠-¶nepw AXph®v ae-bm-f-km-ln-Xy-Øn¬ ]co£Ww \S-Øm≥ Ign-bp-sa∂ hnizmkw F\n°n-√. am{X-a-√, "_lp- k z- c X' F∂p tIƒ°ptºm-tg°pw _mIvYos\ icWw

{]m]n-t°≠ Imcy-sam-∂p-an-√. Imc-Ww, temIØv BZy-ambn "_lp- k z- c X' sIm≠p- h - ∂ Xv anJm-bn¬ _mIvYo-t\-b√! "t]mfn-^-Wn-'bpsS thcp-Iƒ tXSnt∏mhp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ \Ω-sfØn-t®-cpI sP.-F-kv.-_m-lnepw s_bvtYm-h\ - nepw a‰p-am-bn-cn°pw F∂- X mWv hmkv X - h w. ]Xn\mdmw \q‰m-t≠m-Sp-IqSn bqtdm∏nse kwKo-X-cw-KØp {]_-e-ambn-°-gn™ "t]mfn-^Wn' F∂ kw⁄ ]n¬°m-eØv a‰p `q{]tZ-i-ß-fn¬, CXc am[y-a-ß-fn¬ km∂n-≤y-a-dn-bn-®p-Xp-Sßn. _lpkz-cX F∂Xv Hcp-]mSp kzc-ßfpsS kΩn-fnXcq]-am-Wv. AXpsIm- ≠ p- X - s ∂, \Ωƒ B kw⁄ D]- t bm- K n- ° p- t ºmƒ kwKo-X-sØ-bmWv Iq´p-]n-Sn-t°≠-Xv. ]t£, kmln-Xy-Øns‚ _mlp-eyapff tIc-f-°-c-bn¬ F√mw \n¿W-bn-°p-∂Xv kmlnXy-amWv! AXp-sIm≠p kw`-hn-® Ipg-∏ß - fpw A\-h[ - n-bm-W.v _meN-{µ≥ Npf-fn-°m-Sns‚ ap≥Im-eI-hn-X-Iƒ hmbn®v DS≥ AXv kdo-b-en-k-am-sW∂v {]Jym-]n°pw. F∂m¬, km¬h-tZm¿ Zmen- b psS hn{`- a - k m- ∂ n- ≤ y- a p- f f Nn{X-Ie - b - n-te°v H∂v FØn-t\m°p- I - t ]mepw sNøm- s X- b mWv Ah¿ Cu ]Wn-sN-øp-∂-Xv. Hcp hm°ns‚ AYhm kw⁄-bpsS


kmtIXw

27

A]-c-X-e-bm-Ym¿∞y-߃ Adnbm-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠p-ff A_-≤-amWn-Xv. Hcp am[y-a-Øn¬ D¤-hn°p∂ Hcp kw⁄ hnI-kn-®p-hcnI as‰mcp am[y- a - Ø n- e m- b ncn°pw. "h¿Æw' F∂Xv \ap°v Nn{X-I-ebnepw kwKo-X-Ønepw ]cn-Nn-X-am-W-t√m. Tone F∂ hm°v hym]-I-am-bn D]tbm-Kn-°s∏- S p- ∂ - X v kwKo- X - Ø n- e m- s W¶nepw AXv ]nd-∂Xv Nn{X-I-e-bnem-Wv. CØcw Bfp- I ƒ ]{Xm- [ n]tcm sUkvIv sXmgn-em-fntbm Bbn-Øn-cp-tºmgpff Zpc¥w H∂v Btem-Nn-®p-t\m°p! Fw.tKmhn-

µ\pw Pn.F≥.]nf- f - b p- s ams° Xß-fpsS ap≥Km-an-I-fm-sW∂p ]d™v Ch¿ NmSn- h o- g p- ∂ p. ]t£, B ap≥Km-an-Iƒ ae-bm-fkm-ln-Xy-Øn¬ hcp-Ønb `mhpI-Xz-]c - n-Wmaw Ch¿ a\- n-em-°nbn-´n-√. Aßs\ kw`-hn-®p-sh¶n¬ \ΩpsS hmcn-I-Ifpw amknI-Ifpw Hcp-]mSv sa®-s∏-´n-´p-≠mhpw. A]-I-S-I-c-ambn Nn¥n-°m\pw, A]q¿∆-Xsb hncp-∂p-´m\pw ad-∂p-t]m-bh - c - mWv \ΩpsS {]kn≤o-Ic - W - t- a-Je - b - n¬ Nph-Sp-d∏ - n-®n´p-f-fXv F∂Xv ae-bm-f-Øns‚ im]-am-Wv. ""tKmhn-µs‚ Itkca-Xn, tKmhn-µs\ th≠m'' F∂

amknI

- I p‰- I - c - a mb \n- e - ] m- S mWv Ah¿°p-f-f-Xv. kz¥w `mhp-IXzsØ adn-I-S-°p∂ Hcp cN\ h∂m¬ AXns\ AwKo-I-cn-°p∂-Xn-\p ] - I - cw ]c-am-h[n XnckvIcn-°phm-\mWv an° ]{Xm-[n-]∑mcpw {ian-°p-∂-Xv. k a \zb Z¿i-\sØ AwKo-I-cn-°ptºmƒ \ΩpsS ]cn- a n- X n- I ƒ sas√-sas√ ad-bp-∂Xp ImWmw. Hcmƒ kzbw \ho-I-cn-°m≥ Hcpßp-tºm-gmWv cN-\b - nepw {]kvXmh-\b - nepw A]q¿∆X ]nd°p∂-X.v GXp Im‰n-s\bpw kz¥w ae-bam- c p- X - a m- ° p- h m- \ p- f f tijn At∏mƒ e`n-°pw.

kmtIXw hm¿jn-I-∏-Xn∏v 2011 hmb-\sb \hy-amb thdn-s´m-c-\p-`-h-am°n kmtIXw Ggmw hb- n-te°v. 2011 Pq¨ e°w hm¿jn-I-∏Xn-∏mbn {]kn-≤o-I-cn-°p-∂p. tIc-f-Ønse {]ap-J-cmb ap≥\nc Fgp-Øp-Imcpw ]pXp-X-e-ap-d-bnse {]ap-Jcpw Fgp-Xp-∂p.

teJ-\-߃ IY-Iƒ Ihn-X-Iƒ kn\na \¿Ωw \ncq-]Ww XpSßn hnhn-[-ta-J-e-I-fnse CuSp-‰-c-N-\-Iƒ.

tIm∏n-Iƒ t\csØ Dd-∏m-°p-I. hne 30 cq] cN\Iƒ Abbv°p∂Xn\pw a¡v At\z-j-W-߃°pw amt\-PnwKv FUn-‰¿, kmtIXw ssXhnf sebn≥, am™m-en-°pfw tdmUv Xºm-\q¿, Xncp-h-\-¥-]pcw˛1. t^m¨: 0471˛ 3016784, 9446451493 e-mail:saaketham.magazine@gmail.com

Online edition: www.saaketham.com

tabv 2011


kmtIXw

28

amknI

kn\na

kXys≥d ]San√mXncp∂ hnjp Fw.kn cmP\mcmbW≥

Im

¬\q‰m≠n-te-sd-bm-bn- a-e-bm-f-kn-\n-a-bn-sek-Po-h- km∂n-[y-am-Wv kw-hn-[m-b-I≥ k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sv.- AºXn-te-sd- Nn-{X߃ kw-hn-[m-\wsN-bvX- A-t±lw- kwÿm-\t- Z-io-b- _-lp-aX - n-Iƒ I-cÿam°p-Ia - m-{X-a√ t{]£I-a\ -  n¬ ÿn-c{- ]Xn-jvT- t\-Sp-I-bpw- sN-bvXp-.- a-e-bm-f-kn-\n-a-bn-seH-cp- Im-e-L´w- k-Xy≥,- tam-l≥em¬,- {io-\n-hmk≥ Iq´p-sI´n-\v kz¥w-.- F-h¿{Ko≥ ^n-enw-kv F∂p-hn-fn°p∂,- F°m-e-sØbpw- an-I® Nn{Xßfn¬ Nn-e-Xv Cu- Iq´p-sI´n-t‚Xm-Wv. I-gn™ Ip-sd- h¿jßfm-bn- hn-jp°m-eØmWv k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sn-s‚ Nn-{Xw- {]-Z¿i-\Øns\Øn-bn-cp∂Xv,- a-eb - m-f- kn-\n-am-t{]£I¿°p≈ A-t±lØn-s‚ hn-jp-ss°\o´w- t]m-se!- F∂m¬ ]-Xn-hn-\v hn-]-co-X-am-bn- Cu- h¿j-sØ hn-jp- kXy≥ C√mØXm-Wv.- CØh-Ws - Ø hn-jp-hn-\v kXy≥ A¥n°m- S n- s ‚ ]- S w- {]- Z ¿i- \ Øn-

tabv 2011

s\Øp∂n√.- Im-c-Ww- A-t±lØn-s‚ tam-l≥em¬ A-`n-\-bn°p∂ ]p-Xn-bNn-{Xw- \n¿Ωm-W-L´Øn-em-Wv.- H-cp-]t£ hn-jp-hn-\v ]-I-cw- Hm-WØn-\m-bncn°pw- k-Xy≥ ]-Sw- h-cp∂Xv. Ip-sd-tb-sd- h¿jßfp-sS- hn-Sh - n-\pti-j-am-Wv k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sv kw-hn[m-\w- sN-bvX- c-k-X-{¥ Øn¬ taml≥em¬ A-`n-\b - n®Xv.- C-S°m-es - Ø am‰sØ a- d n- I - S °p∂ h≥hn- P - b wkΩm-\n® k-Xy≥ Nn-{X-am-Wv c-k-X{¥w-.- tam-l≥em¬ ao-cm-Pm-kvan≥ SowH∂n® {]-Y-a- Nn-{X-hp-am-Wn-Xv.- c-k-cpNn-ca - m-b- A-hX - c - W - a - m-Wv c-kX - {- ¥Øns‚ hn-P-b-c-l-kyw-.- B¨th-jØn¬ {]- X y£s∏Sp∂ ao- c m- P m- k v a n- s \t{]£I¿ C-cp-ssI-I-fpw- \o´n- kzo-I-


kmtIXw

29

cn°p-I-bpw- sN-bvXp-.- C∂sk‚pw- am-ap-t°mb-bpw- a‰p-aS- ßp∂ k-Xy-s‚ ÿn-cw- Sow- AwK߃ c-k-X-{¥Øn-\v am‰v Iq´p-hm≥ AWn-\n-c°p∂p-.- ao-cm-Pm-kvan-s\m∏w- taml≥em¬ {]-Xy£s∏´Xv Im-Wn-Iƒ°v ]pXp-a-tb-Ip∂Xm-bn- am-dn-.- hm-Xn¬∏p-d- Nn-{XoI-c-WØn-\m-bn- G‰hpw- D-Nn-X-am-b-,- an-I® sem-t°j≥ I-s≠Øp∂ k-Xy-s‚ an-I-hv c-k-X-{¥Øn-epw- sh-fn-s∏Sp∂p-. c-kX - {- ¥Øn-s‚ h≥hn-Pb - s - Ø Xp-S¿∂v k-Xy≥ tam-l≥em¬ So-an-s‚ A-SpØ Nn{Xw- C∂sØ Nn¥m-hn-j-bw- D-S-s\- (-ASpØ hn-jp-hn-\v)- ]p-dØn-dßp-Ib - pw- sN-bvXp.- F∂m¬ c-k-X-{¥Øn-s‚ ]p-Xp-a- A-h-Imi-s∏Sm-\n√mØ C∂sØ Nn¥m-hn-j-bwIp-Spw-_-t{]£I-sc- B-I¿jn®p-sh¶n-epwh≥hn-P-bw- kΩm-\n°p-I-bp≠m-bn√.- taml≥em-en-s\m∏w- ao-cm-Pm-kvan-\pw- ap-tI-jv,C∂sk‚ v Xp-Sßn-b- Xm-cßfpw- ]-SØn¬ A-`n-\-bn°p∂p-.- \√ Km-\ßfpw- lm-ky-cwKßfpw- ]- S Øn- e p- s ≠¶n- e pw- k- X y≥ A¥n°m- S n¬ \n∂v B- k zm- Z - I ¿ {]Xo£n°p∂ \n-e-hm-cØn-te°v C∂sØ Nn¥m-hn-j-bw- D-b¿∂n-s√∂p- ]-d-bmw-. I-gn™ h¿j-sØ k-Xy-s‚ hn-jp°mgvN-bm-bn-cp∂ I-Y- Xp-S-cp∂p k-Xy≥ ]Sßfn¬ \n∂v `n∂am-b- A-h-X-c-W- co-Xnbp≈Xm-Wv.- ]-Xn-hv So-aw-K߃°p-]p-ds - a- \nc-h-[n- ]-Sßfn¬ \m-b-I-\m-b- P-b-dm-apw- awavXm-tam-l≥Zm-kp-am-Wv {]-[m-\- th-j߃ A-`n-\-bn®Xv.- t{]£I-cp-sS- kzo-Im-cy-X-bpsS- Im-cyØn-epw- I-f£s‚ Im-cyØn-epw]n∂n-em-b- ]-S-am-Wv I-Y- Xp-S-cp∂p-. A-Xn-\p-apºsØ hn-jp°m-eßfn¬ shfn®w- I≠ k-Xy≥ Nn-{Xßfm-b- hn-t\m-Zbm-{X- (-Zn-eo-]v,- ao-cm-Pm-kvan≥,- D¿h-in-)- bm{X°m¿ {i≤n°p-I- (-P-b-dmw-,- kuµcy-)- XpSßn-b-h-sb√mw- k-Xy≥ Nn-{Xßfp-sS- ap-{Z]-Xn™h-bpw- hn-P-bw- B-tLm-jn®h-bp-ambn-cp∂p-.- A-Xn-s\- Ip-sd- h¿jßfm-bn- kn\n-a-bp-sS- hn-jp-ss°\o´hp-am-bn- t{]£Isc- k-ao-]n°p∂ k-Xy-s‚ A-`m-hw- sIm≠mWv Cu- h¿j-sØ hn-jp- I-S∂p-t]m-b-Xv. k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sv kw-hn-[m-\w- sN-bvXh- c - t h¬∏v,\m- t Sm- S n°m‰v,k∑\ p≈h¿°v k-am-[m-\w-,- Km‘n-\-K¿ sk°‚ v kv{So‰v Xp-Sßn-b-h-sb√mw- a-e-bmf- kn-\n-a-bn-se- \n-Xy-l-cn-X- Nn-{Xßfn¬ ÿm- \ w- t\- S n- b - h - b m- W v . - Zo¿L- I m- e wKƒ^n¬ tPm-en- sN-bvXv th≠s∏´h-scth≠Xp-t]m-se- k-lm-bn®v \m´n¬ Xn-cns®Øp∂ Kƒ^p-Im-c≥ (-tam-l≥em¬)- A`n-ap-Jo-Ic - n-t°≠n-hc - p∂ {]-iv\ßfpw- {]-Xnk‘n- I - f pw- _‘p°fp- s S- b- Y m¿∞apJßfpw- \¿Ω a-[p-c-am-bn- A-h-X-cn∏n°p∂ ]-S-am-Wv h-c-th¬∏v.- \m´n-seØn- H-cp- _ v

hnt\mZbm{Xbnse cwKw

ck-X-{¥Ønse cwKw

hcth¸nse Hcp cwKw

tabv 2011

amknI


kmtIXw

30

amknI

C-S°m-e-sØ am‰sØ a-dn-I-S°p∂ h≥hn-P-bw- kΩm-\n® k-Xy≥ Nn-{X-am-Wv c-k-X-{¥w-.- tam-l≥em¬ ao-cm-Pm-kvan≥ Sow- H∂n® {]-Y-aNn-{X-hp-am-Wn-Xv.- c-k-cp-Nn-c-am-bA-h-X-c-W-am-Wv c-k-X-{¥Øn-s‚ hn-P-b-c-l-kyw-.- B¨th-jØn¬ {]-Xy£s∏Sp∂ ao-cm-Pm-kvan-s\t{]£I¿ C-cp-ssI-I-fpw\o´n- kzo-I-cn°p-I-bpw- sN-bvXp-.hmßn- dq´n¬ Hm-Sn°p∂tXm-sS-bm-Wv A-bm-fp-sS- i\n-Z-i- B-cw-`n°p∂Xv.- ]n∂o-Sv sXm´Xpw- ]n-Sn®Xpsa√mw- {]-iv\߃.- A¥yØn¬ F√mw- \-jvS-s∏´v A-bmƒ Kƒ^n-te°p-X-s∂ Xn-cn®p-t]m-Ip-I-bm-Wv.H-cp- Im-e-L´Øn-s‚ N-cn-{Xw- Iq-Sn- H∏n-sb-SpØ kXy≥ Nn-{X-am-Wv h-c-th-ev]v.- C-Xv H-cp- Xn-c°Y- am-{Xa-s√∂pw- Po-hn-XØn-s‚ tNm-c\ - n-da - p≈ bm-Ym¿∞ywX- s ∂sb∂pw- km£n- s ∏SpØp- h m≥ F- { X- t bmKƒ^p-Im¿ ap-t∂m´p-h-cm-\p≠m-Ip-sa∂Xv B- Ime-L´Øn-s‚ {]-tXy-I-X-bm-Wv.- Aßn-s\- kn-\n-amN-cn-{XØn¬ am-{X-a√ tI-cf - - km-aq-ly-Nc - n-{XØn-epwh-c-th-ev]v ÿm-\w- t\-Sp∂p-. \¿Ω a-[p-c-am-b- c-k-cp-Nn-c-am-b- A-h-X-c-W-ssien-bm-Wv k-Xy≥ Nn-{Xßfp-sS- ap-J-ap-{Z-.- A-Xn-s‚ G‰hpw- an-I® D-Zm-l-c-Ww- \¬Ip∂ ]-S-am-Wv Km‘n-\-K¿ sk°‚ v kv{So‰v .- H-cp- Kq¿J-bm-bnth-jw- sI-t´≠n-h-cp∂ A-`y-kvX-hn-Zy-\m-b- tk-Xpam-[h - ≥ (-tam-l≥em¬)-A°m-es - Ø bp-hX - zØn-s‚ {]-Xo-Iw- Iq-Sn-bm-Wv.- hy‡n-bp-sS-bpw- k-aq-lØns‚bpw- {]-iv\߃ ]-Sw- kv]-jvS-am-bn- A-h-Xcn∏n°p∂p-.- sXm-gn-en√m-bva-bpw- k-aq-lØn-se- I-]S-X-I-fp-sa√mw-.k-Xy≥ tam-l≥em¬ {io-\n-hm-k≥ HØp-tN-cptºmƒ A-Xv kn-\n-a-bn-se- H-cp- D’hw- t]m-se-bmWv.- Aßn-s\-sbm-cp- D’h-am-Wv,- B-tLm-j-am-Wv Km‘n-\K - ¿ sk°‚ v kv{So‰v.- {io-\n-hm-k≥ Xn-c°Ybpw- kw-`m-j-W-hp-sa-gp-Xn- k-Xy≥ kw-hn-[m-\w- sNbv X - B- Im- e - s Ø Nn- { Xßsf√mw- Po- h n- X - b mYm¿∞yßfp-sS- {]-Xn-^-e-\w- Iq-Sn-bm-sW∂p-ImWmw. {]-[m-\- I-Ym-]m-{Xßsf- t]m-se- X-s∂ {]m-[m\yw- t\-Sp∂h-cm-Wv Cu- Nn-{Xßfn-se- D-]-I-Ym-]m{Xßfpw-.- Km‘n-\K - d - n-se- km-ln-Xy-Im-c\ - m-bn- h-cp∂

tabv 2011

ckX{¥Ønse Hcp cwKw


31

kmtIXw

amknI

hnt\mZbm{Xbnse Hcp cwKw ho≠pw Nneho´pImcyßfnse Hcp cwKw

i¶cm-Sn-sb- t{]£I-\v H-cn°epw- a-d°m-\m-hn√.- AXp-t]m-se- X-s∂bm-Wv a‰v k-Xy≥ ]-Sßfn-se- IYm-]m-{Xßfpw-.- a-eb - m-fk - n-\n-ab - n-se- H-cp- k-Xy≥ IpSpw-_w- X-s∂bp-s≠∂Xm-Wv bm-Ym¿∞yw-.- a-c-Wwh-sc- H-Sp-hn¬ DÆn°r-jvW≥ B- Ip-Spw-_Øn-seH-cp- {]-ap-J- Aw-K-am-bn-cp∂p-.- sI-.-]n-.-G-.-kn- e-fn-X-bpwC∂sk‚pw- am-ap-t°m-bb - pw- a‰p-an√mØ H-cp- k-Xy≥ Nn-{Xw- k-Xy-s\∂t]m-se- t{]£I¿°pw- A-Nn¥\obw- X-s∂.- C-h-sc√mw- an-I® {]-I-S-\w- F-t∏m-gpwk-Xy-\m-bn- I-cp-Xn-sh°p∂p-. k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sv Nn-{Xßfp-sS- s]m-Xp-kz-`mhØn¬ \n∂v am-dn-\n¬°p∂ ]-Sa - m-Wv ]n≥Km-an-.- taml≥em¬ {]-[m-\- I-Ym-]m-{X-am-b- ]n≥Km-an-bn¬ hn√∑m-cp-sS- Iq-sS-bm-Wv C∂sk‚ v.- B-Ivj-\v {]m[m-\yw- ssI-h-cp∂ Ip‰m-t\z-j-W- kz-`m-h-ap≈ Nn{X-am-Wv ]n≥Km-an-.- km-[m-c-W- k-Xy≥ Nn-{Xßfp-sSIp-Spw-_-L-S-\-bn¬ \n∂v ]n≥Km-an- hy-Xy-kvX-am-Wv.AØcØn-ep≈ kw-L´\mflI-am-b- A-hX - c - W - h - pwX-\n°v A-\y-a-s√∂v k-Xy≥ ]n≥Km-an-bn-eq-sS- sXfn-bn°p∂p-. C∂pw- sS-en-hn-j-\n¬ t]m-b-Im-e- Nn-{Xßfm-bh-c-th-ev]pw-,- Km‘n-\-K-dpw- a‰pw- Im-Wp-tºm¬ t{]£I-\v Kr-lm-Xp-c-Xzw- A-\p-`-h-s∏Sp∂Xv kzm`m-hn-Iw-.- am-{X-hp-a√ C-t∏m-gpw- c-kn®p-Im-Wm-hp∂ ]p-Xp-a- Cu- Nn-{X߃ \n-e-\n¿Øp-I-bpw- sNøp∂p-.Im-c-Ww- A-h-X-c-Ww-,- A-`n-\-bw-,- I-Ym-L-S-\- Xp-Sßnb- L-S-Ißsf√mw- Xn-fßn- \n¬°p∂ kr-jvSn-I-fmW-h-sb√mw-. P∏m-\o-kv kw-hn-[m-bI - ≥ b-kp-Pn-tdm- H-kp-hn-s\t∏m-se- Ip-Spw-_-Nn-{Xßfp-sS- kw-hn-[m-b-I-\m-bm-Wv k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sv A-dn-b-s∏Sp∂Xv.- (-Ip-Spw-_w- am{Xw- {]-ta-b-am°n- kn-\n-a-sbm-cp°n-b- P∏m-\o-kv amÃdm-Wv H-kp-)-.- k-Xy≥ A¥n°m-Sn-s‚ _-lp-`qcn-]£w- Nn-{Xßfp-sS-bpw- B-[m-cw- Ip-Spw-_-hpw- A\p-_‘hn-j-bßfpw- X-s∂.- tI-c-fØn-se- Ip-Spw-

tabv 2011

_-t{]£I¿,- {]-tXy-In®v kv{Xo-P-\߃ G‰hpw- CjvS-s∏Sp∂ kw-hn-[m-b-I-\pw- H-cp-]-t£ k-Xy≥ Xs∂bm-Ipw-.- Im-c-Ww- k-Xy≥ Nn-{X߃ Im-Wp-hm≥ F√m-bvt∏m-gpw- H-gp-In-sbØp∂Xv kv{Xo-I-fp-sS- \ne-bv°mØ {]-hm-lw- X-s∂. Ip-Spw-_-Nn-{X-kw-hn-[m-b-I-s\∂ hn-ti-j-Ww- kXy-\v A-`n-am-\n°m-hp∂Xp- X-s∂bm-Wv.- Cu- h¿jwA-t±lØn-s‚ hn-jp-ss°\o´w- In´mØ t{]£I¿ Hm-W-t°m-Sn°m-bn- ImØn-cn°p-I-bm-Wv.- A-h-cp-sS{]-Xo£°v Nn-d-Ip-Iƒ \¬In-s°m≠v k-Xy-s‚ ]pXn-b- tam-l≥em¬ Nn-{Xw- A-Wn-b-d-bn¬ H-cpßp∂p


kmtIXw

P\]£w

32

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sI.F≥. kp`mjvt_mkv

temIv]m¬ _n¬ shfn®w ImWptam? ]m

¿e-sa‚ns‚ K¿`-Krl-Øn¬ 38 h¿j-ambn Hfn-®p-I-gn-bp∂ Hcp _n√mWv Ct∏mƒ A∂m lkmsc s]mSn- X´nsbSp-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂Xv. temIv]m¬ _n¬ B _n√ns‚ Hcp ]cn-jvIr-Xcq-]-am-Wv. lkm-sc-bpsS kacw kq∏¿ln-‰m-bt∏mƒ ho≠pw temIv]m¬ _n¬ am[y-a-{i-≤-t\Sn. Agn-a-Xn-sb∂ Zp¿`q-XsØ C¥ym-a-lm-cm-PyØp\n∂pw B´n-tbm-Sn-°m-\p-≠m-°n-b-XmWv Cu _n√v. temIv]m¬ _n√n-eqsS Dcp-Øn-cn-bp∂ \nbaw Agn-a-Xn-s°mcp H‰-aqen F∂p-I-cp-Xp-∂h¿ lkm-sc-bpsS Iq´-Ønepw Ds≠-∂p-Ic - p-Xm≥ hø. Agn-aXn Ct∂m C∂-setbm D≠mb Hcp {]Xn-`mka√-t√m. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ AX{X Ffp∏w Hgn-hm-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. a\p-jys‚ D¬∏Øn sXm´v Hcp-]t£ Abm-tfm-sSm-∏tam IqS-Ø-s∂tbm k©-cn-°p∂p-sh-∂mWv Ncn-{Xw -]-d-bp-∂-Xv. C∂sØ ÿqeo-I-cn® {]IrXw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°n-√. C{X-hym-]I - hpw Bbn-cp-∂ncn-°n-√. Agn-a-Xn-sb∂ {]Xn-`mkw Hcp \nbaw sImt≠m Iptd- \n-b-a-߃ sImt≠m \nb-{¥n°m≥ Ign-bn-√. H´-\-h[n \nb-a-߃ ]e-cq-]Øn¬ D≠m-°n-bn´pw Fs¥-¶nepw am‰w kw`hnt®m? P\-ß-fpsS ]q¿W-am-b- k-l-I-cWhpw kzm¿∞X shSn-™p≈ Hcp PohnX-{I-a-Ønepw am{Xsa Agn-a-Xnsb ^e-{]-Z-ambn t\cn-Sm≥ Ignbq. lkm- s c- b psS ka- c - Ø ns‚ i‡n- b n¬ k¿°m¿ Fs¥m-s°tbm sNøm≥ {ian-°p-∂p. ]s£ Bcw- ` - Ø n¬ Xs∂ AXn\v ]mc- s hbv°p∂ ]cn-]m-Sn-bpw- \-S° - p-∂p. cmjv{Sob-°msc am{Xw e£yw h®p≈ H∂pw C¥y-bn-¬ hnP-bn°n- √ . Hcp P\m- [ n- ] - X y- c m- P y- a mb C¥y°v Fßs\ cmjv{So-b-°msc am‰n-\n¿Øm-\m-Ipw. Aßs\ am‰n-bm¬ AXv Acm-jv{So-b-am-hnt√? Hcp P\m-[n-]-Xy-cm-jv{SsØ cmjv{So-b-°m-cn¬ \n∂pw c£n-°-W-sa-∂Xv Xs∂ Hcp-X-c-Øn¬ Acm-P-I-Xz-hm-Z-a-t√. As√-¶n¬Øs∂ cmjv{Sob-°m¿ am{X-amtWm C¥y-bn¬ Agn-aXn \S-Øp∂-Xv. C¥ybn¬ Agn-a-Xn k¿h-hym-]n-bm-Wv. k¿h-Xnepw Agn-a-Xn-bp-≠v. 2 Pn kvs]Iv{Sw AgnaXn cmjv{So-b-°m¿ am{Xw \S-Øn-b-XmtWm?

tabv 2011

Agn-a-Xn°v t{]cn-∏n-®-h¿ hº≥ tIm¿∏-td-‰p-I-f-t√. AXn-\p-th-≠p∂ HØmi sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-Ø-h¿ {]apJ am[y-a{- ]-h¿Ø-Ic - t√? CXv C¥y-bn¬ Ct∂hsc D≠m-bn-´p≈ G‰hpw henb Agn-a-Xn-bpsS IY-bm-Wv. F√m Agn-a-Xn-bpsS ]n∂nepw CØcw i‡n-I-fpsS {]h¿Ø\w \ap°v ImWm≥ Ign-bpw. AXn¬ \n∂pw cmjv{So-b-°msc am{Xw kaq-l-a-[yØn-te°v Db¿Øn-°m-´p-∂Xpw as‰mcp cmjv{So-b-amWv. Aß-s\-bmWv CsXmcp sImSp-°¬ hm߬ ]cn-]m-Sn-bmbn XpS¿°-Y-bmbn XpS-cp-∂-Xv. kaq-lØn¬ Bg-Øn¬ thtcm-Sn-bn-´p≈ Agn-a-Xnsb s]´∂ßv ]dn-®p-I-f-bm-sa-∂p-I-cp-Xn-bm¬ AXv km[yamtWm? hmkvX-h-Øn¬ CØ-c-sam-c-t\z-j-W-Øn\p≈ ]pXnb hnØmWv lkmsc hnX-®-Xv. kaq-lamWv C\n C°mcyw Gs‰-Sp-t°-≠-Xv. ap∏-Øn-sb´v h¿j-߃ ]n∂n-´n´pw ]mkm-°m≥ CXp-hsc kua-\kyw Im´mØ C¥y≥ ]m¿e-sa‚nte-°mWv ho≠pw lkmsc Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xpt]mse ]pXnb cq]-Øn¬ temIv]m¬ _n¬ FØn°m≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xv. Cusbm-scm‰ _n√ns‚ K¿`-Krl- h mkw aXn C¥y- b nse cmjv { Sob- ° m- c psS Iuiew Xncn-®-dn-bm≥. Agn-a-Xn-bpsS Im≥k¿ tImi-ßsf D∑q-e\w sNøm≥ sIm≠p-h∂ _n¬ ]m¿e-sa‚ns‚ Ccp-k-`-I-fp-sSbpw Ccp-´p-ap-dn-bn¬ A¥y-hn-{iaw sIm≈p∂ Ah-kc - Ø - n-emWv lkmsc AXn\v Poh≥ \¬Im≥ {ian-°p-∂-Xv. B {iaw -hnP-bn-°p-tam. XpS-°Ø - n¬ Xs∂ I√p-IS- n-bmbn amdnb kanXn cq]o-I-cWw AXns‚ XpS°w am{X-at√? PpUo-jy¬ A[n-Im-c-߃ H∂p-an-√mØ Hmw_pUvkvam≥ t]mep≈ ÿm]-\-ß-sf-t∏mepw tIm´pw ssSbpw Db¿∂ ]oThpw PUvPn-bp-tS-sX∂v tXm∂n∏n-°p∂ ap{Z-Ifpw Nm¿Øn PpUo-jy-h-Xv°-cn-°m≥ Hcp aSn-bp-an-√mØ cmPy-amWv C¥y. kvs]bn≥, s\X¿se≥Uv XpS- ß nb cmPy- ß - f n¬ Hmw_pUvkvam≥ Xo¿Øpw P\-Io-b-am-Wv. Hcp tai-bv°pNp-‰p-an-cp∂v Imcy-߃ tIƒ°p∂ Hcp P\-tk-hI≥. temIv]m¬ _n¬ h∂mepw AXn-t\bpw tImSXn-bm°n P\-ß-fn¬ \n∂-I-‰pw. D]-t`m-‡r-kw-c-£W-k-an-Xn-bn¬ t]mepw h°o-ep-ambn hcm≥ ]dbp∂hcn-cn-°p-tºmƒ ho≠p-sam-c-[n-Im-c-tI{µwIqSn temIv]m-¬ kΩm-\n°pw.


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Kpcp kvacW

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amknI

sI.Fw.APo¿Ip´n

SmtKm¿ kvacW \q‰ºXmw h¿jØn¬ a-lm-I-hn- c-ho-{µ\m-Y- Sm-tKm¿ P\n®v H∂c- i-Xm-_vZa - m-Ip-Ib - m-Wv.- 1861 ta-bv 7˛mw- Xo-b-Xn-bm-bn-cp∂p- C¥ybp-sS- Kp-cp-tZ-h≥ F∂v {]-Io¿Øn-X\m-b- Sm-tKm¿ P-\n®Xv.- H-cp- kmwkvIm-cn-I- \-thm∞m-\Øn-te°m-Wv cho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKm¿ ]n-d∂p-ho-W-sX∂v ]-d-bm-dp≠v.- Im-c-Ww-,- C¥y-bp-sS- \thm∞m-\Øn-s‚ {]m-cw-`-I-\m-b- cmPm-dmw- tam-l≥ tdm-bn-bn¬ \n∂pw- {]tNm-Z-\-apƒs°m≠v tdm-bn-bp-sS- \thm∞m-\-b-Xv\߃ Xp-S¿∂p-t]m∂ {]n≥kv Zzm-c-Im-\m-Yn-s‚ a-I≥ al¿jn- tZ-t_-{µ\m-Yv Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ aI-\m-bn´m-bn-cp∂p- A-t±lw- P-\n®Xv.I¬°Øbp-sS- lr-Z-b-`m-KØm-bncp∂p- Sm-tKm¿ {]-`p-Ip-Spw-_w-. Hu- ] - N m- c n- I - a m- b - hn- Z ym- ` ym- k sam∂pw- e-`n°m-sX-bm-bn-cp∂p- c-ho{µ\m-Yv h-f¿∂Xv.- ]-Xn-\m-ev a°fn¬ G‰hpw- C-fb - h - \ - m-bn-cp∂p- Sm-tKm¿.- AXp-sIm≠v,- Hu-]-Nm-cn-I- hn-Zym-`ymkØn-\v h-gßm-Xn-cp∂Xn-\m-em-Wv cho-{µ\m-Yn-\v A-Xv e-`n°m-sX- t]m-bXv F∂ I-s≠ج hn-iz-kn°m-sXX-c-an√.- I-hn-bpw- I-em-Im-c-\pw- Zm¿i\n-I\ - p-sam-s°bm-bn- tem-Iw- sIm≠mSn-bn-tS≠ H-cp- P∑am-bn-cp∂p- A-Xv. ]-Xn-\m-em-a-sØ h-b p-ap-X¬ Ihn-Xb - pw- Km-\h - pw- F-gp-Xm-\m-cw-`n® SmtKm¿ X-s‚ B-Zy-sØ Cw•≠v bm{X- \-SØp∂Xv ]-Xn-\m-dm-a-sØ hb n-em-Wv.- t\-c-sØ X-s∂ sshjvW-h- Km-b-I-cp-sS-bpw- `‡I-hn-I-fpsS-bpw- kzm-[o-\Øn¬ ho-Wp- I-gn™ncp∂ c-ho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKm-dn-\v Aßs\Cw•o-jv Im-ev]-\n-I- I-hn-I-sf-bpw- hn-

tabv 2011


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Iv t Sm- d n- b ≥ I- h n- I - s f- b pw- BgØn¬ ]-Tn°p-hm-\p≈ A-h-k-cap≠m-bn-.- Iq-Sm-sX-,- hn-eyw- tjIvkv]n-b¿,- tPm¨an¬´≥,- k¿ tXm-a-kv {_u¨,- A-e-Ivkm≠¿ t]m-]v Xp-Sßn-b- a-lm-c-Y∑m-cp-sSB-cm-[-I-\p-am-bn- A-t±lw- am-dn-. I-hn-Xb - n-epw- Km-\Øn-epw- ssIsh®p- s Im≠m- W v Sm- t Km¿ FgpØv Xp-Sßn-bs - X∂v t\-cs - Ø ]d™p-h-t√m-.- ]-Xns\´p-h-b m-Iptºm- t g°pw- At±lw- F- g p- X n- b Km-\ßfp-sS- h-cnIƒ 7-0-0-0˛tØm-fwh- c p- s a∂v IW°m°s∏Sp∂p-.Sm-tKm¿ c-Nn® Km\ßfp- s S- FÆw2300˛\v A- S psØØpw-.- c-ho-{µ \m- Y - S m- t Km- d n- s ‚ Km- \ ßfpw- A- h bv°v A-t±lw- ]I¿∂ kw-Ko-X-hpam-Wv c-ho-{µkw-KoX- a m- b n- A- d n- b s∏Sp∂Xv.- _w-KmSmtKmdpw fn- kmw-kvIm-cn-IPo-hn-XØn-s‚ `m-Kam-bn- am-dn°gn™Xm-Wn∂v c-ho{µkw-Ko-Xw-. _-lp-ap-J- {]-Xn-`b - m-bn-cp∂p- SmtKm¿ F∂v A-dn-bmØh¿ Npcpßpw-.- I-hn-,- \m-S-I-IrØv,- t\mh-enÃv,- Km-\-c-N-bn-Xm-hv,- sN-dp-IYm-IrØv,- Nn-{X-Im-c≥,- km-ln-Xyhn-a¿i-I≥,- Zm¿i-\n-I≥,- hn-Zym-`ymk- hn- N £W≥,- tZ- i m- ` n- a m- \ nCßs\- Sm-tKm¿ {]-Xn-`-bp-sS- Xe߃ ]-e-Xm-Wv.- c-ho-{µ\m-Y-SmtKm¿ Nn-{X-sa-gpØv Xp-Sßp∂Xv A-dp-]-Xv h-b v I-gn™m-Wv.- Nn{X-sa-gpØn¬ A-t±lw- ssI-h-

cn® t\´w- I≠n´v C¥y≥ \thm∞m-\Øn-s‚ en-b-\m¿tUmUm- h n©n- F∂s{X- Un- . - F - k v i¿Ω Sm- t Km- d n- s \- hn- t ijn∏n®Xv.- I-hn-X-bn-eq-sS-bpw- kmln-XyØn-eq-sS-bpw- \-thm∞m-\B-ib - ߃°v I-emflI-am-b- Bhn-jv°m-cw- \-evIn-b- Sm-tKm-dn-s\C¥y- b p- s S- sKm- b v s Y- F∂v B¬_¿´v ssjz‰vk¿ hn-fn®Xp-

alm-fl-Pnbpw

t]m-se-bm-Wn-Xv.- Nn-{X-sa-gpØn¬,]-t£,- Sm-tKm-dn-\v Xo¿Øpw- Xt‚sX∂v ]-d-bm-hp∂ H-cp- ssien- D≠m-bn-cp∂p-. I-Y-I-fpw- t\m-h-ep-I-fpw- \m-SIßfpw- I-hn-X-I-fp-am-bn- Sm-tKmdn-s‚ \n-c-h-[n- Ir-Xn-I-fp≠v.- At±lØn- s ‚ Im- _ q- f n- h m- e - , t]mÃv amÿ,- Z- ]m-c‰vkv s{S-bn\nw-Kv Xp-Sßn-b- I-Y-Iƒ G-sd- {]kn≤ßfpw- ]- e ¿°pw- {]nb¶cßfp-am-Wv.- Ko-Xm⁄en-bnse- ]-te- Ko-Xßtf-bpw- t]m-seC-h-bpw- an°hm-dpw- ]m-T-]p-kvX-

Ißfn¬ Dƒs∏SpØn°m- W mdp≠v.- Z- t]mÃv Hm-^o-kv,- ap‡[mc-,- c‡I¿_n-,- k-\ym-kn- Xp-Sßnb- Sm-tKm¿ \m-SI - ߃ ]-eX - pw- t]sc-SpØh-bm-sW¶n-epw- A-`n-\bn°s∏Sp∂Xn-\p-th≠n-b√ adn®v B-ib - {- ]-Nc - W - Øn-\p-th≠nbm-Wv A-t±lw- \m-S-Ißsf-gp-Xnbn-cp∂sX∂s{X- kp-Nn¥n-Xa - m-b\n-cq-]-I-a-Xw-.- _n-t\m-Zn-\n-,- titj¿ I-hn-X-,- tKmd-,- L-tc- ss`-sc- XpSßn-b-h-bm-Wv SmtKm-dn-s‚ \n-cq-]I - {i≤ ]n-Sn®p-]‰n-bt\m-h-ep-Iƒ. I-hn-X-bn¬ SmtKm- d n- s \- kw_‘n®n- S - t Ømfw- \m-gn-I°√m-bnam-dn-b- B-Zy-sØ {]- k n≤o- I - c - W w{]-`m-X-KoX߃ B- W v . Ko-Xm⁄en bneq-sS- tem-I-{]-ikvX-\m-bn- Xo¿∂ c-ho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKmdn-s‚ Z- Km¿U-\¿,Z- {I- k ‚ v ˛ aq¨ F∂n-h-bpw- G-sd{i≤n°s∏Sp-I-bp≠m-bn-.- F∂ncp∂m-epw- c-ho-{µI-hn-bv°v ]-cymb-sa-t∂m-Ww- ]-cn-e-kn°p∂Xv Ko-Xm⁄en X-s∂.- k-l-PmX-tcm-Spw- {]-Ir-Xn-tbm-Spw- ssZ-h-

anÃn-kn-k-sØ X-s‚ Im-hy-i-co-cØn-te°v b-tY-jvSw- ISØn-hn´ c-ho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKm-dn-\v,- A-t±lØn-s‚ Im-hy-k]-cy°v,- A-Xn-s‚ t]-cn¬ H-cp- {]-tXy-I- ÿm-\w- \n-cq-]-I¿ \-evIn-t∏m-cp∂p≠v.- anÃn-kn-k-sØ hm-cn∏p-W¿∂ H-cp- alm-I-hn- \-ap°p-ap≠v˛ Pn-.- i¶c°p-dp∏v.- Sm-tKm-dn-s\t∏m-se- X-s‚ `m-h-\m-N-{I-hm-f-hpw- B-Z¿i-t_m-[-hpw- hnI-kn∏n® a-s‰m-cp- I-hn-bn√ F∂v Pn- Xp-d∂p-]-d™n´p≠v.cmPmdmw taml≥dmbv

tabv 2011

amknI


kmtIXw

35

tØm- S p- a p≈ a- \ p- j y- s ‚ _‘sØ hyRvPn∏n°m-\p≈ Hcp- X-{X∏m-Sm-Wv F√m- I-hn-Xb - pw F-s∂m-cp- \n-co£W-ap≠v.- Sm-tKmdn-s‚ Ko-Xm⁄en- A-S°ap≈ I-hn-X-Iƒ Cu- \n-co£W-sØ km-[q-I-cn°p∂p-. c-ho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ _-lpap-J- hy‡n-Xz-sØ°p-dn®v {]-Xn]m-Zn°p∂h¿ ]-e-cpw- F-SpØp-]d-bm≥ Iq´m°mØ H-cp- kw-K-Xnbp≠v.- Sm-tKm¿ F∂ hn-h¿ØIs\- I≠n-s√∂v \-Sn°p∂Xn-s\bm-Wv C-hn-sS- kq-Nn∏n°p∂Xv.Ko-Xm⁄en bp-sS- Cw•o-jv hnh¿Ø\w- C¥y-bn¬ \n∂p-X-s∂ Xp- S ßn- b - Sm- t Km¿ Cw•≠nte°p≈ I∏¬ bm-{X°n-S-bn-emWv A-Xv ]q¿Øo-I-cn°p∂Xv.1912˛1-3- Im-eØv Ko-Xm⁄en-bpsS- c-N\ - b - pw- hn-h¿Ø\-hpw- \n¿hln® Sm-tKm¿ 1-9-1-3˛¬ X-s∂ s\mt_¬ kΩm- \ n- X - \ m- b n- . - KoXm⁄en °v Sm- t Km¿ Xømdm°n-b- Cw•o-jv X¿P-a- hm-bn®v l¿j-]p-fI - n-X\ - pw- hn-Im-cm-[o-\\ - pam- b - Bw- t •m˛sF- d n- j v ˛ I- h nUªyp-.- _n-.-tb‰vkv B- Ir-Xn°v F-gp-Xn-b- A-h-Xm-cn-I- ]m›m-Xytem-IØv A-Xn-s‚ {]-Nm-cØn-\pwH-Sp-hn¬ s\m-t_¬ kΩm-\- e_v[n°pw- Ip-d-s®m∂p-a√ k-lmbn®n´p≈Xv . - Ko- X m⁄en Cw•o-jn-em°n-b-t∏mƒ _w-Km-fn`m-j-bn-se-gp-Xn-b- ap-gp-h≥ KoXßfpw- Sm-tKm¿ X¿P-a- sN-bvXns√∂Xv {i-t≤b-am-Wv.- _w-Km-fnbn¬ 1-5-7- Ko-X߃ B-Wp≈Xv.Cw•o-jn-em-I-s´ 1-0-3˛Dw-.- sshjvW- h - I- e m- ] m- c ºcyØnt‚sX∂v ]-d-bm-hp∂ irw-Km-c-/-cXn- ]-cm-a¿i߃ A-Sßn-bn´p≈ Ko-X߃ Sm-tKm¿ X¿P-a-bn¬ Hgn-hm°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p-.- c-Xn-sb`‡n-bp-sS- `m-K-am-bn- Im-Wp-hm≥ sslµh- ]m-cºcyØn-\v B-hpsa¶n-epw- ]m›m-Xy¿°v A-Xv Zln°p-am-bn-cp∂n√.- `‡I-hn- I_o- d n- s ‚ \q- d v Ko- X ߃ Cuhven≥ A≠¿ln√n-s‚ k-lm-btØm-sS- Cw•o-jn-te°v ]-cn-`m-jsN-bX v n´p≈Xm-Wv hn-h¿Ø\-kmln-XyØn¬ Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ {i-t≤bam-b- a-s‰m-cp- kw-`m-h-\-. c-ho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKm-dn-\v s\mt_¬ kΩm-\w- \-evI-s∏´t∏mƒ Ko-Xm⁄en bp-sS- Im-cyw- {]im¥n-\n-tI-X≥

tabv 2011

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Xo£bp-sS- \mºp-Iƒ ap-f∏n®psIm≠v ss\-cm-iyØn-s‚ I-\Ø C-cp´n-s\- Io-dn-ap-dn°p-hm≥ Sm-tKmdn-s‚ I-hn-X-°m-b-Xv Jn∂cm-bP¿Ω≥ P-\-X-bv°v Ip-d-s®m∂pa√ B-izm-k-a-cp-fn-b-Xv. F-gpØp-Im-c≥,- I-hn- F∂o-\ne-If - n¬ Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ ssh-in-jvSywA-hn-X¿°n-X-am-Wv.- ]-t£,- \ΩpsS- C∂sØ Po- h n- X - h p- a m- b nim¥n- \ n- t I- X - \ Øn- s e- E- j nFßs\- _‘s∏Sp∂p- F∂ At\z- j - W - a m- W v C- t ∏mƒ {]k‡am-bn´p≈Xv.- Sm-tKm¿ hm-Zn® ]m›m-Xy- ]u-c-kvXym-Z¿ißfpsS- k-a-\z-bw- C∂v A-Sn-b¥n-c-amb- H- c p- {]- i v \ - a m- s W∂pw- At±lØn-s‚ A¥m-cm-jv{So-b-Xbpwhn- i z- a m- \ - h - h m- Z - h pwF∂tØXn-ep-a-[n-Iw- C∂v kw-KX-am-bn-cn°p∂p-sh∂pw- F≥.-hnIr- j v W - h m- c n- b ¿ F- g p- X n- b - X v 1960˛I-fp-sS- B-Zy-am-Wv.- Ku-c-h-tadn-b- ]-T-\w- B-h-iy-s∏Sp∂ H-cphn-j-bw- X-s∂bm-Wn-Xv. tZ- i o- b - h m- Z n- b m- b - cm- j v { Sob°m-c≥ B-bn-cp∂n√ Sm-tKm¿.F¶n-epw- A-t±lØn-s‚ tZ-im-`nam-\w- tNm-Zyw- sNøm-h-X√.- 1-905 ˛se- _w- K mƒ hn- ` - P - \ Øn- s ‚ ]›mØeØn¬ h¿Ko-b-t°m-ac߃ D- d ™p- X p≈p∂XpI≠n´m- W v Sm- t Km¿ s]m- X p- c wKØp-\n∂pw- Dƒh-en™Xv.- {_n´ojp- I m¿ \¬In- b - k¿ ]- Z - h n1919˛¬ Pm- e n- b ≥hm- e m- _ m- K v Iq´°p-cp-Xn-sb- Xp-S¿∂v a-S°n- \ev I p- h m≥ a- l m- I - h n- s b- t{]cn∏n®Xv A-t±lØn-se- tZ-im-`nam-\-t_m-[-a√m-sX- a-s‰¥m-Wv? tZ-io-b-X-sb°p-dn®v Sm-tKm-dn\p≠m-bn-cp∂ B-i-b߃ F√mC-Spßn-b- Nn¥m-K-Xn-I-sf-bpw- AXn-ib - n®p-\n-ev°p∂h-bm-bn-cp∂p-.`m-j-bp-sS-tbm- hw-iØn-s‚tbmh¿KØn-s‚tbm- H-s°t∏cn-ep≈ {`m¥p- I ƒs°Xn- s c\n- e sIm≠Xm-bn-cp∂p- c-ho-{µ\m-Yv aptºm´p- h® tZ-io-b-X-.- AØcw{`m¥p-Iƒ {]-[m-\-am-bpw- c≠p-Xcw- Xn∑Iƒ Dƒs°m≈p∂p- . C¥y-bv°v H-cp- kp-h¿W-Im-ew D≠m-bn-cp∂p- F∂ hn-Nm-cw- H-gnbm-_m-[t- ]m-se- ]n-Sn-Iq-Sp∂Xv ]ptcm- K - X n°v X- S  w- \n- e v ° psa∂Xm-Wv A-Xn-sem∂v.- ssh-tZin-Ia - m-bn´p≈Xn-s\- F-Xn¿Øv A\n-jvSw- {]-I-Sn∏n°p∂Xn-\p≈ tijw t]Pv 41

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SmtKm¿.... XpS¿® t]Pv 36 i- { ]h- W - X - ]p- d Øp- \ n∂pw\mw- kzo- I - c n- t °≠p∂ Nn- e \∑I- s f- t ∏m- e pw- \n- c m- I - c n°phm≥ t{]-cn∏n°pw- F∂Xv c≠ma-tØXpw-.- A-Xn-\m¬ Ip-Sp m-btZ-io-b-X-bv°pw- A∏p-dØp≈ A¥m-cm-jv{So-bX - b - p-sS- {]-hm-NI - \m-bn- Sm-tKm¿.- H-scm‰ tZ-io-b-Xbm-bn´pw- ]-e- cm-jv{Sßfm-bn- \ne-\n-ev°p∂ bq-tdm∏n-s‚bpw- ]-etZ-io-b-X-Iƒ H-scm‰ cm-jv{S-am-bn\n-e-\n¬°p∂ C¥y-bp-sS-bpwssh- P m- X y߃ A- t ±lwNq≠n°m-Wn®Xv {i-t≤b-am-Wv.]u-c-kvXy-hpw- ]m›m-Xy-hp-ambn´p≈Xn-s‚ k-a\ - z-bØn-\pw- sFIyØn-\pw- th≠n-bm-Wv c-ho-{µ\mY- Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ A¥m-cm-jv{So-b-X\n-e-sIm≠Xv.- `u-Xn-tIm∑p-J-amb- ]m›m-Xy-X-sb- ]u-c-kvXy-amb- k¿KmflIm-i-b߃ sIm≠v ]-cp-hs - ∏Sp-tØ≠Xm-sW∂pw- Ing°n-s‚ A¥¿ho£W-Nm-Xp-cyw]-Sn™m-dn-s‚ km-aq-ln-I- kw-LS- \ m- t i- j n°v A- \ p- ] q- c - I - a mtI≠Xm-sW∂pw- Sm-tKm¿ hn-iZo-I-cn®p-.- ]m›m-Xyw- ]u-c-kvXywF∂nßs\- hn- L - S n®p- s Im≠v tem-IØn-\v A-[n-I-Im-ew- Xp-S-cm\m-In√.- a-\p-jy-s‚ ap-t∂m´p≈ Ip-Xn∏v kw-tbm-Pn-X-am-b- H-cp- ]ptcm-K-Xn-bm-bn-cn-t°≠Xm-Wv.- H-cpJ-WvUØn-t\-ev°p∂ {]-l-cw- at‰Xn-s\- h-en®n-g°pw- F∂Xn-\v kw- i - b - a n√.- ]- S n™m- d n- s ‚ alØm-b- kw-kvIm-cw- sI´p-t]mbm¬ \Ωp-sS- In-g°≥ N-{I-hmfw- C-cp-fn¬ apßn- tI-gp-I-bm-hpwsNøp-I- F∂pw- Sm-tKm¿ ap∂dnbn∏p- \ ¬In- . - c≠v A¿[- t Kmfßfp-sS- BflhØsb- sF-Iys∏SpØp∂Xn-\v a‰m-sc°m-fpwkw-`m-h-\-I-f¿∏n® C¥y≥ I-hnF∂v c-ho-{µ\m-YS- m-tKm-dn-s‚ temI-ho£W-sØ kw-_‘n®v sdmta≥ tdm- f mßv A- ` n- { ]m- b s∏SpØn. Cu- tem- I - h o£W- s Ø km£m¬°cn°m-\m-Wv 1-9-0-0- Unkw-_-dn¬ c-ho-{µ\m-Y- Sm-tKm¿ im¥n-\n-tI-X\ - n¬ hn-Zym-eb - w- Bcw-`n®Xv.- C¥y-bp-sS- ]u-cm-Wn-I]m-cºcyßsf- H-cp- \-h-bp-KØns‚ B-Z¿ißfp-am-bn- kw-tbmPn∏n°p- I - F∂Xm- b n- c p∂pim¥n-\n-tI-X-s‚ e£y-hm-Iyw-.\m-ev hn-Zym¿∞n-If - p-am-bn- Xp-Sßnb- im¥n-\n-tI-X≥ ]n∂o-Sv H-cp-

tabv 2011

A- J n- t e¥ymÿm- ] - \ - a m- b n- hf¿∂p-.- Xp-S¿∂m-Wv 1-92- 1- ˛Un-kw-_dn¬ H-cp- hn-iz-k¿h-I-em-im-eF ∂ ’k z - ] v \ w ’- k m £ m Xv°cn°p∂Xn-\m-bn- hn-iz-`m-c-Xnÿm-]n-X-am-b-Xv.- A-Xn-\pw- D≠mbn-cp∂p- H-cp- {]-Jym-]n-X- e£yw-.A-Xv C-Xm-Wv.- k-Xy-sØ A-Xns‚ hn-hn-[- h-ißfn¬ km£mXv°cn°p∂ a-\p-jy-a-\ n-s\- ]Tn°p-I-.- th-Z-,- _p≤,- sk-an‰n-Iv,skm-cm-jv{Sn-b≥ ]m-cºcyßfS°w- F√m- kmw-kvIm-cn-I- [m-cI-fp-sS-bpw- kw-K-a-`q-an-bm-b- C¥ybm-Wv A-Xn-\p-]‰n-b- aÆv.- hn-iz`m-c-Xn-bn-eq-sS- H-cp- tem-I- kw-

Cu tem- I - h o£W- s Ø km£m¬°cn°m-\m-Wv 1900- Un-kw-_-dn¬ c-ho-{µ\mY- Sm-tKm¿ im¥n-\n-tI-X-\n¬ hn-Zym-eb - w- B-cw-`n®Xv.- C¥y-bpsS- ]u-cm-Wn-I- ]m-cºcy ßsfH- c p- \- h - b p- K Øn- s ‚ BZ¿ißfp- a m- b n- kw- t bmPn∏n°p-I- F∂Xm-bn-cp∂pim¥n-\n-tI-Xs- ‚ e£y-hm-Iyw.- \m-ev hn-Zym¿∞n-I-fp-am-bn- XpSßn-b- im¥n-\n-tI-X≥ ]n∂oSv H-cp- A-Jn-te¥ym ÿm-]-\-ambn- h-f¿∂p-.

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kvIm-c-sØ A-Xn-s‚ ]q¿W-Xbn¬ hm¿sØSp°p-I- F∂Xm-bncp∂p- Np-cp°Øn¬ Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ kz-]v\w-.

c-ho-{µ\m-Y-Sm-tKm-dn-s‚ kz]v \ w- C- \ n- b pw- km£m- X v ° cn °s∏´n´n-s√∂v ]-d-bp∂Xn¬ AXn-i-tbm‡n-bn√.- tem-I-an∂v ]e- tN-cn-I-fn¬ \n∂v s]m-cp-Xp∂ Im-gvN-bm-Wv \mw- Im-Wp∂Xv.- BtKm- f - h ¬°c- W - h pw- I- t ºm- f h¬°c-W-hp-sam-s° h-cp∂tXmsS- ]-c-kv]-cm-{i-b-XzØn-eq-sS- AXn¿h-cºp-Iƒ C√m-Xm-hp-sa∂v ]d™Xv sh-dp-sX-bm-bn-cn°p∂p-.B-tKm-f-h¬°c-WØn-\p-ti-jhpw- B-[n-]-Xyw- \n-e-\n-ev°p∂pF∂Xm-Wv k-Xyw-.- A-ta-cn°≥ B-[n-]-Xy-hpw- Xm≥ t]m-cn-a-bpwA-{X-bv°v {]-I-S-a-t√?- sF-Iy-cmjv{S-k`- b - n-epw- A-ta-cn° Np°m≥ ]n-Sn°p∂ tªm°n-\m-Wv B-[n-]Xyw-.- C-dm-s\-t∏m-sem-cp- cm-PyØns\- X n- s c- bp- . - F ≥ D- ] - t cm- [ wG¿s∏SpØp-tºmƒ C¥y-bpw- AXn-s\- ]n¥mßp∂ hn-Nn-{X-am-bIm-gvN-bm-Wv \mw- Im-Wp∂Xv.C¥y- b n- e m- I - s ´ hn- L - S - \ - h mZ߃°v B°w- Iq- S p∂ XcØn¬ kmw-kvIm-cn-I- tZ-io-b-Xbv°p-th≠n- A-ea - p-db - n-Sp∂h-cp-sSi-_vZw- D®Øn¬ tIƒ°p∂p-.hy-Xy-kvX- a-Xßfn-epw- kw-kvImcØn-epw- s]´h-cpw- a-X-hn-izm-ksam∂p-an√mØh-cpw- H-s°°q-Snbp≈ H-cp- ]u-c-k-aq-lw- A-h-cpsS- Xm-f` - w-Kßtf-Xp-an√mØ s]mXp- P o- h n- X Øn- e q- s SkrjvSn°s∏Sp∂ e-bmflI-am-b- Hcp- ]u-c-tZ-io-b-X-bm-Wv \Ωp-sS\m-Sn-s\- A-S-bm-f-s∏Sp-tØ≠Xv.A√m-sX- G-sX¶n-epw- H-cp- kwkvIm-cØn-\p-am-{X-am-Wv \n¿Wm-bI-am-b- ÿm-\-ap≈sX∂pw- A-Xns‚ t]-cn¬ kr-jvSn°s∏Sp∂ tZio-b-X-bm-Wv B-h-iy-sa∂p-ap≈ hm-Zw- hn-\m-i-I-c-am-bn-cn°pw-. F-hn-sS-bm-Wv a-\ v `-b-c-lnX-am-bn-cn°p-I-.- F-hn-sS-bm-Wv inc v km-`n-am-\w- D-b¿∂p-\n-ev°pI-;- A-dn-hv G-h¿°pw- e-`y-am-Ipwhn-[w- F-hn-sS-bm-Wv kz-X-{¥ambn´p≈Xv,- C-Spßn-b- a-Xn-ep-Iƒ F-hn-sS-bm-Wv tem-I-sØ hn-`Pn°mØXv.-.-.-.- kzm-X-{¥yØn-s‚ B- kz¿KØn-te°v,- Xm-Xm-,- Fs‚ \m-Sv D-W¿∂n-S-s´˛ F∂v KoXm¿®\- \-SØn-b- a-lm-I-hn- c-ho{µ\m-Y- Sm-tKm-dn-s\- A-t±lw- P\n® 1- 5 - 0 ˛mw- h¿jØn¬ \ap°nßs\- A-\p-kva-cn°mw-


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tabv 2011

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NmØ\mØv ANypX\pÆn ∂psa≥ Poh\n¬ iyma˛ hnkvabw hncnbnbv°phm≥ F\nbv°p X∂p \o P∑w ssIhey\h\oXta! Fs‚bn∏mgvapfw X≠n˛ earX kzc[mcbm¬ bap\m]pWycmK߃ P∑Zml߃ s]bvXp \o. F\nbv°p cmhpw ]Iepw \ns‚bm\µ\¿Ø\w lrZbkv]µ\w \ns‚ aRvPoc arZpinRvPnXw. Ddßptºmƒ abn¬∏oen hncnbp∂ \nemhp \o DW¿∂m¬ I\Iw ]qØ hrµm ssh`mXIm¥n \o Fs‚bmflmhnset§mh¿˛ ≤\ ]¿hXkm\phn¬ Imfnµo]pfn\ iyma˛ X ameKl\ßfn¬ Imentabv°p∂p \o, bn{µ˛ Nm]w `RvPn®nSp∂p \o tKm]olrZb kuµcy˛ kp[bmbenbp∂p \o. \n≥ ]mZ[qfnbmbv tImSn˛ tImSn P∑m¥cßfn¬ lcnNµ\ kuc`y˛ kmcambebmhp Rm≥! HSphn¬, °Sembv tXßpw bpK kwlmck‘ybn¬ BenesØm´nem´ps∂m˛ tcmfØn≥ ioIcßfn¬ {XktcWp {]mbamsb≥ {]mW≥ an∂nØpSnbv°phm≥ F\nbv°p Xcptam ]pWyw ssIhey\h\oXta?.....

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kz ¥w iøbn¬ hn{ian°p∂ Hcp I\yIsb°mfekambn N{µ≥ ho≠pw cm{Xnsb kz]v\w ImWp∂p. Ddßpw apºv, shfn®w Xqhp∂ ssIIƒ sIm≠v am¿ØSØn¬ h®v ]cnemfn°p∂ cm{Xnsb. ]´pt]mep≈ AhfpsS Im¿Iq¥en\Snbn¬ arXs∏´psIm≠v Ahƒ Zo¿Lamb ab°Øns‚ ASbmfw Im´p∂p. {]im¥amb BImitØ°v sam´pIƒ t]mepb¿∂p\n¬°p∂ `qXImeØv hoWpt]mb Ahƒ shfpØ ImgvNIfnte°v I¨]mbn°p∂p. AhfpsS AKm[XIsf BhcWw sNøp∂ `qanbnte°v Ahƒ s]mgn°p∂ IÆo¿°W߃ Nne [¿ΩnjvTcmb IhnIƒ Dd°Øns‚ i{Xp°ƒ a™ns‚ IÆo¿°W߃ Ahƒ Ahs‚ iq\yamb ssIIfntes°Sp°p∂p. aghn√ns‚ `mhkv^pcWw s]mgn°ptºmƒ taLh¿Æ°√pIƒ DZn°p∂p. kqcy\n¬ \n∂v Hfn∏n°pIbmWv˛ Ahs‚ lrZbØn∂Km[Xbnte°v.

tabv 2011


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ßs\-bp≈ A-hk - c - ßfnem-Wv G-sXm-cp- a-\p-jy-\pw- GIm¥X- b p- s S- ]q¿W- X - B- { Kln°p-I-.- B-cpw- I-S∂p-h-cmØ,B-cp-sS-bpw- i-ey-an√mØ,- au\Øn-s‚bpw- I-\Ø A‘ImcØn-s‚bpw- Xp-cpØn¬ X-t∂mSp- X - s ∂bp≈ ss\- c ¥cy- h pwss\-Xn-I-tam- ss\-Xn-I-c-ln-X-tamB-b- hm-ZØn-s\m-Sp-hn¬ H-cp- hnS- h m߬.- . - . - . - ]n- s ∂ a- \ p- j ycn√mØ,- i-_vZ-N-e-\ßfn√mØ,]- c n- a n- X n- I - t fm- ]- c n- [ n- I - t fmC√mØ hn-kva-b-tem-I-tØ°v Hcp- bm-{X-..- .- .- !- A-Xm-bn-cp∂p- tam-lw. \-K-cØn¬ \n∂v G-sd- A-Ise-bm-b- Cu- {Km-aØn-se- H-tcsbm-cp- tem-UvPn¬ FØn-s∏Sm\pw- a- s ‰m- c p- Im- c - W - a n√.- {]Xo£n®Xp-t]m-se- tem-UvPpw- ]cn-k-c-hpw- iq-\y-am-bn-cp∂p-.- dn-k]v j ≥ tS- _ n- f n¬ sXm- S m- \ - d bv°p∂,- ]- X n‰m≠p- I ƒ ]g°ap≈ c-Pnÿ IpØgn™v s]m-Sn-aq-Sn-In-S∂Xpw- ip-`-kq-N-Iam-bn-.- tS-_n-fn-t∑¬ s]m-Sn-bp-sSX∑m-{X-Iƒ ]-c-h-Xm-\n-t]m-se\o≠p-\n-h¿∂v In-S∂p-.- A-Xn-s‚ {]-Xe - Øn¬ G-tXm- Iu-am-cI - m-apI≥ A-\-iz-c-t{]-aØn-s‚ A-S-bmf-am-bn- X-s‚bpw- Im-an-\n-bp-sS-bpwt]-cp-Iƒ hn-c¬kv]¿iØm¬ hSn-hn√mØ A£cßfn¬ tIm-dnbn´n-cp∂p-.- IpΩm-bw- A-S¿∂p-t]mbn- hn- I r- X - a m- b - `nØn- b n¬ \q‰m≠v ]- g °ap≈ Iot_m¿Un¬ \n-d-sb- Xp-cpºn®v tIm-ew-sI´ Xm-t°m¬ h-fb - ߃ Rm-Wp-In-S∂Xpw- a-\p-jy-hm-kan√m-bva-bp-sS- Po-hn°p∂ a-s‰m-cpsX-fn-hm-bn-.- H-cp- Xmßn-\m-bn-t∏mepw- Fßpw- sXm-Sm-\-d®v A£a\m-Ip-tºmƒ Hm-Sn-sbØn-,- hn-\o-X`m-hØn¬ H-cmƒ.- am-t\-P-tcm- at‰m- B-hpw-. £an°Ww-,- Aßv HØn-cnt\-c-am-tbm- FØn-bn´v? B-Z-c-hns‚ Bƒcq-]-am-bn- A-bmƒ. kµ¿`Øn-\v H-cp- DØcw- Bh-iy-am-bn- tXm∂n-bn√.- B- kw`m-j-Ww- \o´n-s°m≠v t]m-Im≥

tabv 2011

B-{K-la - n√mØXn-\m¬ B-hi - ywA-dn-bn®p-. sl¥v.-.-.-?- C-{X- D∂X-\m-bAßv Cu- ]-g-b- tem-UvPn¬.-.-.-.tl-bv.-.-.-.- A-sßs∂ I-fn-bm°p-Ibm-Wv.- km-[m-c-W- B-fp-Iƒ C-hnsS- h-cm-dv.-.-. A-bmƒ A¿t[m‡nbn¬ s]-s´∂v \n¿Øn°f™p-. \n߃°v F-s∂ A-dn-bm-sat∂m-.-.-.-? A- b mƒ DØc- a m- b nH∂m¿Øp-Nn-cn°p-Ib - m-Wv sN-bX v Xv.- B- Nn-cn-,- I-\-ta-dn-b- au-\Øn\p-]-I-cw-,- i-_vZ-tLm-jßfp-sSB¿`m-S-am-b- Xn-c-bn-f°am-Wv krjvSn®Xv! Aßsb- A-dn-bmØh¿ Cu`q-an- a-e-bm-fØn¬ B-cp≠v?- {]iv \ - h m- K o- i z- c - s b∂ tPym- X njÿm-]\ - w- k¿h-a\ - p-jy-cp-sS-bpwA-`-b-tI-{µa-t√?- A-Xn-s‚ Pohmflm- h pw- ]- c - a mflm- h p- a m- b Aßsb- A-dn-bp-tam-sb∂ tNmZyØn-ep≈ hn-\-bw- A-tßbv°v tN¿∂X√. ap-J-kvXp-Xn- c-kn°mØh¿ B-cp≠v?- F∂m-e-Xv bm-Ym¿∞yam-sW¶n-tem-?- B-cpw- \n›b-ambpw- B-\µn°pw-,- Bfll¿jwsIm≈pw-.- ]-t£,- kºØpw- {]i-kvXn-bpw- kp-J-ku-I-cyßfpwh-en-s®dn™v A-]-cn-ta-b-am-bF¥n-s\-tbm- kw-t«jn°m-\pd®h-\v A-Xn-se¥p-Im-cyw-?- Abmƒ Xp-S-cp-I-bm-Wv.-.-.-.-. Aßbp-sS- {]-hm-NI - X - p-ey-amb- h-N-\ßfn-eq-sS- F-{X-tbm-t]¿ {]-iv\k - ¶o¿W-XI - f - n¬ tam-N\ - wI-s≠Øn-.- Aßsb- t\-cn´p-ImWm≥ `m-Kyw- kn≤n°mØ P-\e£ßƒ Aßv hm-cn-I-bn-se-gpXp∂ hm-c-^-eØn-eq-sS- c£{]m]n°p∂p-.- Cu- \m-Sn-\v Cu-iz-c∑mcv X∂ h-c-Zm-\-am-Wßv.-.-.-. G-Im¥X-bp-sS- Xp-cpØt\zjn®v \-S∂h≥ P-\k - ©bØn¬ Ip-cpßn-b-Xp-t]m-se! \n߃°v A-\p-`h - a - p-t≠m-? D-t≠m-t∂m-?- Aßm-Wv Pm-ch-e-bØn¬ \n∂pw- F-s‚ `m-cysb- c£n®Xv.- A∂v P-]n®p-X∂ am-{¥n-I®c-Sv C-t∏m-gpw- A-h-fp-sSA-c-bn-ep≠v.- Aßv ]-d™t]mse- A- s Xm∂p- s I´m≥ Rm≥ s]´]m-Sv..- .- - tlm!- B- N-cS- n-s‚sbm-

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cp- i‡n-tb-.-.-.-.- B- Pm-c-s‚ i-eyw]n∂o- S v D≠m- b - t X- b n√.- Asßs‚ I-Wn-I≠ ssZ-h-am-Wv. A-bmƒ `-b-`‡n-tbm-sS- ssIIƒ Iq∏p- I - b m- W v.- G- s Xmc¿YØn-epw- A¿[-\m-co-iz-c-\mIp∂ A-hÿ!- ]-ca - i - n-h\ - v ]-t£,Ip-ep°an√.- ]-Ic - w- Hm-tcm- hm°pwA-bm-fn¬ D-W¿Øn-b-Xv Cu¿jam- { Xw!- Cu- `q- a n- b n- s e- H- c pi‡n°pw- A-bm-sf- C-f°m-\mhp∂n√. F- \ n°n- t ∏mƒ B- h - i ywkzÿam-b- Ip-sd- \n-an-jßfm-Wv.a-\p-jy-\pw- i-_vZ-hp-an√mØ H-cnSw- tX- S n- b m- W v Rm- \ n- h n- s Sh∂Xv. B-h-iyw- H-cn°¬°q-SnB-h¿Øn®p-. H-cp- I-W°n-\v A-Xn-\m-bnAßn-hn-Sw- sX-c-s™SpØXp-Xs∂ Cu-bp≈h-s‚ a-lm-`m-Kyw-.C-hn-S-sØ F√m- ap-dn-I-fpw- Im-enbm-Wv.- A-Yh - m- B-sc¶n-epw- D≠mbn-cp-s∂¶n¬°q-Sn- A-tßbv°pth≠n- A-sX√mw- Rm≥ H-gn∏nt®s\-.- B-cpw- Aßsb- i-eys∏SpØm≥ C-hn-sS- h-cn√. G-Im¥X-bp-sS- hn-im-e-am-bhm-Xm-b-\߃ a-e¿s°Øp-d∂v,kz-bw- hm-ba v q-Sn-,- t_m¿Un¬ \n∂v Xm-t°m¬ sX-c-s™SpØv,- BwKyØn-eq-sS- £Wn®p-sIm≠v Abmƒ tKm-h-Wn- I-b-dnØp-Sßn-.Im¬ ]-Xn®t∏mƒ X-Sn- {Z-hn®pXp-Sßn-b- ]p-cm-X-\- tKm-h-Wn- {]Xn-tj-[-tØm-sS- I-c™p-.- A-\p[m-h-\w- sNøp-tºmƒ sXm´n-SsØm-s° X-Sn® hn-c-ep-Iƒ Abm-fp-sS- km-ao-]yw- tc-J-s∏SpØn. C-Spßn-b- ap-dn- Xp-d∂tXm-sS]- g °Øn- s ‚ a- \ w- ] p- c ´ep ≠m°p∂ K‘w- B¿`m- S - a msbØn-.- hrØm-Ir-Xn-bn-ep≈ IdpØ kzn®n-s‚ Im-Xn¬ ]n-Sn®v Xm- t g°v A- a ¿Øn- b - t ∏mƒ c≠‰hpw- I-dpØn-cp≠ Syq-_v Hcp- aq-f-tem-sS- G-sd- t\-c-sa-SpØv an∂n-an∂n- sX-fn™p-.- Syq-_n-s\]p-X∏n® I-\-ta-dn-b- [q-fn- {]-Imi-sØ hn-In-c-Ww- sNøp∂Xn-\p]-Ic - w- B-Kn-cW - w- sNøp∂Xp-t]mse!- sh-fn®Øn-s‚ t\-cn-b- ]m-fnIƒ ap- d n- b n¬ ]- S ¿∂tXm- s Sb£n°Y-sb- A-\p-kva-cn∏n°pwt]m-se- G-Xm-\pw- h∆m-ep-Iƒ Nn-


kmtIXw

46

d- I - S n®v ]- d ∂p- . - A- h - B- Z ywe£yw- sX‰n- `nØn-bn-en-Sn®v h´wNp‰n-.- ]n∂o-Sv \n¿K-a-\-am¿Kw- Is≠Øn-.- a-Xn¬sI´n-\∏p-dw- ]S¿∂v ]¥en® A-c-bm¬®n√Ifn¬ X-e- Io-gvt]m´m°n- Xqßn-.

tabv 2011

G-sd°m-ea - m-bn- D-]t- bm-Kn°mXn-cp∂ In-S° X´n°p-S™t∏mƒ s]m´n-s∏m-fn™ tdm-Un-eq-sS- AXn-th-KØn¬ sl-hn-sh-bv‰v hm-l\-tam-Sp-tºmƒ ]-d°p∂Xp-t]mse- ap- d n- b p- s S- \m- e p- N p- h - c p-

amknI

Iƒ°p≈n¬ s]m- S n- D- b ¿∂ps]mßn- \n›ew- \n∂p-.- ]-g-In- {Zhn®v \n-dw- aßn-b- _-Uvjo‰p-hncn®v,- X-e-bn-W- jo‰n-\-Sn-bn¬ Hfn∏n®p-.- Xm-gpw- Xm-t°m-epw- ta-ibp-sS- \·am-b- {]-Xe - Øn¬ ÿm-


kmtIXw

47

]n®v A-bmƒ \n»_vZw- [r-Xn- `mhn®v a- S ßn- . - X- S n- ta- i - b p- s SIØn°cn™ hn-S-hn¬ G-tXmIm- e Øv A- b m- s f- t ∏m- s e- GIm¥X- B-{K-ln-s®Øn-b- Btcm- ]p-I®p-X≈n-b- kn-K¿´p-Ip‰nIƒ B-jvt{S-bn-se∂t]m-se- InS∂n- c p∂p- . - sh- d p- s X- s bm∂v Nn¥n®p- t \m°n- . - a- c - W Ønte°p≈ A-bm-fp-sS- kΩXn-]{Xw- C-hn-sS- h®v H∏n´n-cn°p-tam-?A- t Xm- tem- U v P p- I m- c ≥ kqNn∏n®Xp- t ]m- s e- hn- j - b mk‡n°v A-Sn-a-s∏´h¿ B-sc¶nepw-.-.-.-.- Cu- In-S°bn¬ In-S∂v Bk‡n-bp-sS- ]-c-a-Im-jvT-bn¬.-.-.-. D≈n¬ D- j vWw\nd™t∏mƒ ^m-\n-s‚ kzn®n¬ hnc-e-a¿∂p-.- {_n´o-jp-Im-cp-sS- Im-esØt∂m- ^n‰p-sN-bvX-Xm-h-WwA- X v . - B- I r- X n- b pw- ]- g °hpwAßs\- tXm∂n®p- (- C Øcsam∂v B-Zyw- I≠Xv U¬ln-bnse- I-t\m´vtπkn-se- thmƒKm- dtÃm-d‚n-s‚ ]n-dI - n-ep≈ A-Xn-]pcm-Xn-\a - m-b- sI´n-SØn-se- G-tXmHm-^o-kn-em-sW∂m-Wv Hm¿a-)-.^m≥ aµw- N- e n®p- X p- S ßn- b t∏mƒ X-s∂ i-_vZw- A-k-ly-Xtbm- s S- Ip- X n- s ®Øn- . - im]m£c߃ a-\ n¬ cq-]w- sIms≠¶n-epw- A-Xv \m-hn≥XpºnseØpw-apºv kzn®n¬ ho≠pw- hnc-ea - ¿∂p-.- A-ht- cm-lW - {- I-aØn¬ i-_vZw- iq-\y-X-bn¬ e-bn®p-.- NnX¬]p‰v ]n-Sn® I-XI - p-]m-fn-If - n¬ kv]¿in®t∏mƒ hn-Pm-Kn-cn-Iƒ Zb-\o-b- i-_vZØn¬ I-c™p-.- IX-IS- ®v,- H-cp-hn-[w- km£h-en®n´v ap-dn-b-S®p-.- ssI-bn-ep≠m-bn-cp∂Xp-Wn-k©n- ta-i-bn¬ h®v H∂v \n- i z- k n®p- . - Cu- tem- I Øn¬ Xm≥ G-I-\m-bn-cn°p∂p-sh∂pwB-in® hn-[n-sb- ssI-sbØn∏nSn®n-cn°p∂p-sh∂pw- A-bmƒ Biz-kn®p-. k©n-bp-sS- c-l-ky- A-d-bn¬ kq£n®n- c p∂ a- Z y°p∏n- ]p- d sØSpØp-.- A-S∏p-Xp-d∂v c≠nd°v!- •q-.-.-.- •q-.-.-.- i-_vZ-tØm-sSsXm≠bn- e q- s S- B- a m- i - b Ønte°v..- .- - A·n-t]m-se- A-Xv IØnbn-dßn-.- Ip∏n-bn-se- a-Zy-\n-c∏v Im¬`m-K-tØm-fw- Xm-gp-thm-fwB- {In-b- Xp-S¿∂p-.- ]n-s∂ •m-sk-

tabv 2011

SpØv ti-jn® a-Zyw- A-Xn¬ \nd®p-.- k©n-bp-sS- a-s‰m-c-d-bn¬ \n∂v Sn- I v ˛ 2- 0 - F- S pØv ko¬ s]m´n®v •m-kn-te°v I-ag - vØn-.- \pc®p-s]m¥n-,- h-t°m-fs - aØpw-hs - cA- b mƒ A- X n¬ \n∂v IsÆSpØn√.- A-hm-Ny-am-b- A-\p`q-Xn- A-bm-sf- A-t∏mƒ Io-g-S°n.- kz¥w- Xo-cp-am-\Øn-s‚ ss\Xn- I - X - s b- Hm¿an∏n°p∂ H- c pNn¥bpw- A-t∏mƒ A-bm-sf- Ae´n-bn√.- Po-hn-X-hn-kva-bØn-s‚ FÆa‰ Xm-fp-I-fn¬ ]-c-kv]-cwtIm¿Øp-In-S°p∂ A£cßfpsS- A-gn-bm°p-cp°p-I-fn¬ a-\-apS°n- A-bmƒ In-S°bn-te°v Nmbp-I-bm-Wp≠m-b-Xv. A-sXm-cp- \n-tbm-Ka - m-bn-cp-t∂m?- Po-hn-Xw- I-cp∏n-Sn∏n-t°≠n-h-cptºmƒ A-\n-hm-cy-Xb - p-sS- ]q¿ØoI-c-W-am-bn- A-]-cn-Nn-X-XzØn-s‚ `q-an-I-bn¬ H-cp- \n-anØw- t]m-seFØn-s∏t´ a-Xn-bm-Iq-.- A-t∏m-gpw\n-bX - n-tbm- \n-tbm-Kt- am- Ip-cp°n´ I-Sn™m-Wn-s‚ ]n∂‰hp-am-bn]n≥Xp-S-cpw-. ]- c m”Po- h n- I ƒ \n- d ™mSp∂ Po-hn-X- I-fn°fw-.- k-a-bØns‚bpw- Im-eØn-s‚bpw- `m-Ky-cYØn-te-dn- Zp-jSv i - n-jSv i - ‡n-Is - fH- t c- k - a - b w- ssI∏n- S n- b n- s emXp°p∂h¿.- Zp-cq-l-X-bp-sS- I¿aa-WvU-eØn¬ sN-t¶m-epw- In-coS-hpw- h® cm-Pm°∑m-cm-Wh - ¿.- Nph∂ ]´p-SpØv,- s\©v a-d-bpw-hn[w- X-Sn® cp-{Zm£am-e-I-fpw- I´ntb-dn-b- kz¿W-s®bn-\p-I-fpw- [cn®v,- I¿a-Ip-WvUe - w- Nm¿Øn-,- Ac-s°´n-epw- ssIØ≠bn-epw- ]-ctZ-hX - I - s - f-bpw- c‡c£ p-Is - fbpw- B-hm-ln® c£bp-sS- Ge p-Iƒ [-cn®v,- s\‰nØSw- ap-gph≥ Nµ\-hpw- hn-`q-Xn-bpw- sIm≠v a-d®v,- A-Xn-\v a-[yØn¬ Ip¶p-awNm¿Øn- `q-X˛h¿Øam-\˛`m-hn-Isf- D≈w- ssI-bn¬ AΩm-\-amSp∂h¿!- lnµp-]p-cm-Wßfn-se- apgp-h≥ ]-c-tZ-h-X-I-fp-sS-bpw- h-enb- Nn-{X߃ ÿm-]n®v,- Nµ\Øncn- I - f pw- I¿∏q- c - h pw- _- l n¿Kan∏n°p∂ [q-aw- \n-d™,- B-`n-Nmc-{In-bI - ƒ \n-c¥cw- A-ct- ßdp∂ `-bm-\-I-X-I-fp-sS-bpw- \n-Kq-V-X-Ifp-sS-bpw- B-`n-Nm-c- C-SØn¬ Db-cw- Ip-d™ h-en-b- ]o-TØn-

amknI

t∑¬ hn-cn® a™∏´n-t∑¬ N{aw- ]-Sn™v A-h¿ C-cn°pw-.- Bfpw- A¿Y-hpw- A-[n-Im-cØn-s‚ ]n≥_-eh - pw- Aw-Kc - £I-cp-sS- kpc£n-X-h-e-b-hp-ap≈ {]-K¤cp-sSX´Iw-.- A-h¿°n-S-bn¬ B-SnØnan¿°m≥ hn-i°p∂ h-b-dp-am-bnFØn-s∏´h-s‚ Po-hn-X-\-S-\Øns‚ H∂m-a¶w-.-.-.! Im-Wn∏øq¿ ap-X¬ {io-cw-Kwh-sc-bp≈ t{i-jT v s - c- Kp-cpÿm-\ob-cm°n-,- tPm’y-kw-_‘n-If - m-bA-Snÿm-\-{KŸßfn-se- apØpIƒ s]- d p°n- s b- S pØv lr±nÿam°n-.- H-cp- ssP-{X-bm-{XX-s∂bm-bn-cp∂p-,- ]n∂o-Sv.- ]-e- {]ap-J-cpw- ]p-Xn-b- Xm-tcm-Z-bØn¬ ]p-d¥≈s∏´p-.- F-{X-sb-{X- D∂Xcp-sS- `m-hn-bpw- D-b¿® Xm-gvNI - f - pwA-Wp-hn-S- hy-Xym-ka - n√m-sX- {]-hNn®p!- hn-iz-\m-Y≥ B-\µv ap-X¬ {io- i m¥p- h - s c- . - . - . - A- a n- X m- _ v _®≥ ap-X¬ jm-cq°v Jm≥ hsc-.-.-.- a≥tam-l≥knw-Mv ap-X¬ ANyp-Xm-\µ≥ h-sc-.-.-.- ]-Ww-,- {]-ikvXn-,- B-Z-c-hv,- A-[n-Im-cÿm\ßfp-sS- X-W¬ F∂n-h- B-hiyØn-e-[n-Iw- e-`n®p-.- ]n∂o-Sv Hcn°¬t]m- e pw- Xn- c n™p- t \mt°≠n- h∂n√. tI-{µ B-`y¥c-a-{¥n-bp-sS- ZqX≥ a-{¥n°p≈ c-l-ky-\n¿tZißf-Sßn-b- I-hd - p-am-bn- a-Sßn-bt∏mƒ πkv Sp- ]-co£sb-gp-Xn-,kn-hn¬ k¿ho-sk∂ ssi-i-hwap-X¬ a-\ n¬ kq£n°p∂ kz]v\-tem-I-tØ°v ]-d∂p-b-cm≥ Xøm-sd-Sp°p∂ G-I- a-Iƒ A-cpIn-seØn-. A—m-,- F-\n°v F√m- hn-jbØn-\pw- F- πkv In´p-tam-? A- X n- s \¥m- kw- i - b w- ? tamƒ°t√ C-Xp-h-sc- kvIq-fn¬ G‰hpw- D-b¿∂ am¿°v. A-sX-.- ]-s£ C-t∏mƒ.-.-.- aI- f p- s S- A- S nÿm- \ - a n√mØ DXv°WvTb - n¬ A¤p-Xw- tXm∂n. kw-i-bn-t°≠m-.- \q-dp-i-X-am\Øn¬ H- t ∂m- c- t ≠m- Ip- d t™°mw-.- A-{X-tb-bp≈q-. A—s‚ tPym-Xn-jØn¬ AXn-\p≈ Ir-Xy-am-b- DØc-an-t√? D≠m-hpw-. H-cp- ]-X¿® i_vZØn-ep≠m-bn-cp∂p-.- A-Xv kzbw- Xn-cn®dn-bp-I-bpw- sN-bvXp-.- A-


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48

SnØd-bn√mØ hn-izm-kw- B-Zyam-bn- Zp¿ap-Jw- Im-Wn°p-I-bm-bncp-t∂m-? {]-[m-\-a-{¥n-bp-sS- `m-hn-h-scA—≥ F-{X- Ir-Xy-am-bn- {]-hN - n®ncn°p∂p! A—s\∏‰n-bp≈ A`n-am-\w- a-I-fp-sS- hm°p-I-fn¬ XpSn®p-. A-sXm-s° i-cn- X-s∂.- temIw- ap-gp-h-s‚bpw- `m-hn- H-cp- IÆmSn- b n- s e- _nw- _ w- t]m- s e- sXfn™p- h ∂n´p≠v . - F∂m¬ Hcn°epw- kz¥w- Ip-Spw-_Øn-s‚ `m-hn-sb°p-dn®v A-t\z-jn®n´n√.kz¥am-b-Xn-s\- _‘n°m≥ hnizm-kØn-s‚ Im-Wm®c-Sn-\v _ew- t]m-sc∂ tXm∂¬ A∂p≠m-

tabv 2011

bn-cp-t∂m-.-.-.-? H∂p- I-hn-Sn- \n-cØn- t\m°qA—m-.-.-. tXm-fn-eq-sS- ssI-bn´v kar≤am-b- Xm-Sn-tcm-aØn¬ hn-c-epIƒ I-SØn- a-Iƒ sI©p-I-bmWv. A-hf - p-sS- B-{K-la - t- √ tN´m.-.-.- B-Zy-am-bn´t√ tamƒ B-h-iys∏Sp∂Xv.- H∂p-t\m°q-t∂.-.-. a-I-fp-sS-bpw- `m-cy-bp-sS-bpw\n¿_‘Øn-\v h-gßn-,- ]m-Xn-a-\t m-sS- cm-in-N-{IØn¬ H‰bmbpw- C-c´bm-bpw- s]-cp°ßfm-bpwI-h-Sn-Iƒ \n-cØn-.- I-h-Sn-I-fp-sS{`- a - W w- . - . - . - \mƒ.- . - . - hn- \ m- g n- I - . - . - . \£{Xw-..- .- .- - Iq´ep-Iƒ.-..- .- - In-gn°epIƒ.-.-.- H‰.-.-.-.-s]´.-.-.-.- I-W°p-I-fp-sS-

amknI

am-b°m-gvN-Iƒ.-.-.-.- A-h-km-\w-.-.-. s\©p- I - e ßn- t ∏m- b n- . - . - . - . - aIƒ°v B- ]- c m- P - b - { ]- h - N - \ wXmßm-\m-bn√.- H-cm¿Ø\m-Zw-..- .- - ]ns∂ `-bm-\-I-am-b- Zp-c¥°m-gvN-.-.-.^m- \ n¬ Xqßn- b m- S p∂ ]p- d tØ°v Xp-dn® c≠p- IÆp-Iƒ.-.-.-. ti-j-{In-b-Iƒ ]q¿Øn-bm°nXn-cn-s®Øp-tºmƒ A-dn™Xv.-.-. a-Iƒ°v F√m- hn-j-bØn-\pwF- πkv.-.-.! Sn-Iv.-.-.-.- Sn-Iv.-.-.- I-X-In¬ B-tcmap´p∂p-.- \m-iw-.- B-cm-Wm-thm-?- Fgp-t∂¬°m≥ {i-an®p-.- a-ZyØn-s‚ {]-h¿Ø\w- B-cw-`n®n-cn°p∂p-.I-X-Ip-Xp-d∂p-.- ap∂n¬ C-fn-`y®ncn-tbm-sS- tem-UvPv am-t\-P¿! Dw-.- F¥p-th-Ww-.-.-?- F-s∂ iey- s ∏SpØcp- s X∂v ]- d ™Xt√? H- c n°¬°q- S n- Aßv Fs∂sbm∂v k-lm-bn°Ww-.- Abmƒ A-IØp- I-S∂p-I-gn™p-. F¥p- k-lm-b-am-Wp- tl-.-.-.-? F- \ n°v aq∂p- a°fm- W v . aq∂n-\pw- B- Pm-c-s‚ ap-J—m-bbm-tWm-sb∂v kw-ib - w-.- Un-.F - ≥.F- sSÃp- \-SØn-bm¬ A-h-f-dnbpw-.- F-s‚sbm-cp- hn-izm-kØn-\pth≠n- B- I-h-Sn-sbm∂v.-.-. Rm≥ ]-db - p∂Xv sX‰n-s√∂v \n߃s°¥m-Wv D-d∏v? sX‰n√.- Aßv I- h - S n- \ncØn∏d-bp∂sXm∂pw- A-Wp-hn-SsX‰n√.- F-\n°p-d∏m-. bm-{¥n-Ia - m-bn- ssI-Iƒ k©nbn-te°p- N-en®p-.- ]-e-I-bpw- I-hSn-bpw- ]p-d-sØSpØp-.- N-Sp-e-am-bH-cp- \o°Øn-eq-sS- I-h-Sn-Iƒ \nc∂p-.- A-t∏m-tg°pw- F-hn-sS- \nt∂m- {]-Xy£s∏´ aq-jn-I≥ tai-bn-eq-sS- X-eßpw- hn-eßpw- HmSnØp-Sßn-bn-cp∂p-.- aq-jn-I≥ •mkn- s e- {Zm- h - I w- h- e n®p- I pSn°p∂Xn-\n-sS- •m-kv D-cp≠v X-dbn¬ ho-Wv Nn∂n®n-Xd - n-.- I-hS- n∏eI-sb- \-\®v hn-je - m-bn-\n- ]-cs - ∂mgp-In-.- aq-jn-I≥ Nn-e- hn-{In-b-Iƒ Im-Wn®p-.- ssh-Im-sX- ]n-Sn®p-;- ]ns∂ A-bm-fp-sS- Im¬°o-gn¬ Xs∂ N-e-\-a‰p-.- A-t∏mƒ {]-iv\kw-lm-cZ- ¿i-\Øn-\m-bn- FØn-bh-cp-sS- \o≠\n-c- ]p-dØv cq-]s - ∏´ncp∂p-


kmtIXw

49

amknI

IhnX

F≥tUmkƒ^m≥ Henh¿

“F

¥m...... kƒ^m≥?” F∂p tNmZn®p \m´n≥ {][m\n! AXp {ihn®p sR´nØcn®p P\w, {]Xo£b‰p tIWp tIhe¿, ]ns∂bpw, ]ns∂bpw! “acn°p∂h¿, ChnsS acn°s´; `cn°p∂h¿ Rßtfm, ChnsS `cn°s´!” F∂√tbm Zp¿÷\m[n]XyØn¬ FgpXs∏SmØbo ]pØ≥ {]amW߃! ]nd∂\mƒ sXmt´ ho´n\pw \m´n\pw ZpxJambv InS°dIfn¬ Iq\n,Øf¿∂p acphpw Intimc¿; Inf¿∂p sIm™\w IpØpw amhn≥sImºpIfn¬ hnj^e߃, hnjagbn¬ IdpØncpfpw a\pjy\n_nVtIZmc߃, hnj®m¿Øn¬ ]pI™p hoWpt]mb, hnjØp≈nI,fp≈n¬ Xnßpw hmcnfw ]qhpIƒt]m¬, hnIrXambv Np≠pI,fndp∂p, ssIImepIƒ apcSn®p Xn‡PohcpNnIƒ \pW,™ngbpw _≤XmcpWy߃! “F¥m.... kƒ^m≥?” F∂p ]ns∂bpw \m´n≥ {][m\n; AXptI´h¿, tI´h¿ ]ns∂bpw {]NWvUcmbv®ncns°, °qkset\y “F¥m..... kƒ^m≥?” F∂p XpSsc˛ ∏p©ncn,®mcmbp∂p \m´n≥ {][m\n! Nncn°mw, Nncn®psIm≠nßs\ `cn°mw, acn®psIm≠ncns° `cn°mw, `cn®psIm≠ncns°, acn®mepw aZn®p Nncn°mw; Nncn®p, Nncn®psIm≠nßs\ `cn°mw! acn®psIm≠ncns°, aZn®p `cn°mw! acn®p, acn®psIm≠ncns°,®ncn°mw! t]¿Øp,anßs\ t]mgØw \mSp\osf! t\sc \n¬°m\mhmsX \neØp Ip™pßfngbpºw, t\cw shfp°pºw ∫,∫,∫m......! t\¿°mgvNbn√m,XpesI√mw Np‰n\S∂p ]Tn®mepw t\cw sshIpt∂cw \mSp \osf ∫,∫,∫m.....! “F∂pXocpw ¢njvShmkc߃? F∂pXo¿∂oSpw IjvScmhpIƒ? Fs∂≥ a°ƒ ip≤amw ]pe¿sh´Øn¬ Fgpt∂‰p aqcn\nh¿∂p \n∂oSpw Fs∂≥ imcnIam¿ hm¿apSn,°pSpabn,emimkpa߃ NqSn, F∂pw hkt¥m,’hhgnIfn¬ tamln\nIfmbv \S∂oSpw?” Ft∂mtcm hnjwXo≠nb X]vXtKlhpw tNmZns°, Ftßm IWns°m∂,°nfns°mºpIfn¬ \nXyanßs\ hnjp∏£nbpw hs∂Øn,∏mSpIbmbv: “CsX¥n\o kƒ^m≥? CsX¥n\o kƒ^m≥? ChnsS ape,bpÆm≥ Ignbm,°p™p߃ ]nd°ptºmƒ, ChnsS {]^p√amIm,®ncnsam´pIƒ Icn™,Scptºmƒ, ChnsSsb,\n°nsX√mw ImWphm≥, Ic™p ]mSphm≥, CsX¥n\o kƒ^m≥, CsX¥n\o kƒ^m≥?”

tabv 2011


50

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI


kmtIXw

amknI

IY

51

sI.Zneo]vIpam¿

]fp¶pho´nse DdßmØ kpµcnam¿ ]

-I¬sh-fn®Øn-t∑¬ X-Wp∏ns‚ ]-c-h-Xm-\n-.- a≤ym”am-bn´pw,- a-e-a-S°p-I-fn-se- a™n≥]m-fnIƒ A-en™n´n√.

tabv 2011

ap-dn-bn-se- sN-dn-b- X-Wp∏n\p≈n¬,- ]-c-h-Xm-\n°p-ap-I-fn¬ Nn-X-dn°n-S°p∂ t^mw- saØIfn¬ \m- e p- s]¨Ip´n- I ƒ i-

bn°p∂p-. bp≤`q-an-bn¬ a-cn®p-In-S°p∂ t]m-cm-fn-I-fp-sS- Nn-{Xw- Hm¿Ωbnte°v h-cp∂p-.


kmtIXw

52

Cu- s]¨Ip´n-Iƒ a-cn®n´n√.G-sX¶n-epw- X-cØn-ep≈ t]m-cmfn-I-fm-Wn-h-sc∂v ]-d-bm-\m-hn√. \m-ep- s]¨Ip´n-Iƒ.- A-Xp-am{X-am-Wv A-h-sc°p-dn®v ]-d-bm-\mhp-I-. Im- e Øn¬ \n∂pw- ]- c n- k cßfn¬ \n∂pw- th¿s]´v,- Im-

tabv 2011

eØn-s‚bpw- ]-cn-k-cßfp-sS-bpwH-gp°n-\p-ta¬ A-h¿ i-bn°p∂p.- A-h¿ H-gp-Ip∂p-.- Im‰pw- shfn®hpw- B-Im-i-hpw- `q-an-bp-sams° A-h¿°p-ta¬ A-S-bm-f߃ Nm¿Øp∂p-. sh-fp∏v,- I-dp∏v,- Np-I∏v,- ]®,\o-e.- .- .- .- - ]-e- ]-e- \n-d߃ A-h¿°p-

amknI

ta¬ \n-g-epw- sh-fn®hp-am-Ip∂p-. ap-dn-bn-se- Sn-.-hn- kv{Io-\n¬ Hcp- kw- L - \ rØam- W v.- B\rØØn-\p- ]›mØe-am-bn- D®ÿm-bn-bn-ep≈ H-cp- kw-L-Km\-hpw-.- B-c-hßfp-sS-bpw- B-t{Imißfp-sS-bpw- D∑m-Zw- ]-Xb - p-Ib - mWv Sn-hn-bn¬.


kmtIXw

53

saØI-fn¬ In-S°p∂ B-ekyØn-s‚ Zw-i-\-ta‰ s]¨Ip´nIƒ D-dßp-I-bm-tWm-,- A-tXm- DW¿∂n-cn°p-I-bm-tWm- F∂v ]-dbm-\m-hn√.- C-t∏m-sg∂√ an°hmdp-sa-t∏m-gpw- A-h¿ D-d°Øn-\pwC-W¿hn-\p-an-Sb - n-ep≈ aßn-b- shfn®w- am-{X-ap≈ H-cp- C-S-\m-gn-bnem-Wv.\n- g - e p- I ƒ Xfw - s I´n°nS°p∂ H-cp- P-em-i-bw- t]m-se- apdn- im¥am-Wv.- s]-s´∂v k-a-bwsX‰m- b n- kq- N n∏n®p- s Im≠v , t¢m°v ]-Xn-s\m∂p- X-h-W- i_vZn°p∂p-.- t¢m°n-se- kq-Nn-Iƒ kq- N n∏n°p∂ k- a - b w- c≠v ap∏Øn-b©v B-Wv.- t¢m°n-s‚ a-Wn-sbm® Hm-tcm- X-h-W- ap-gßptºm- g pw- A- k zÿbm- b - H- c ps]¨Ip´n- In-S°bn¬ In-S∂v ]pf-bp∂p-. Hm¿Ωbn¬ H-cp- P-em-i-b-hpw-,A-Xn-\v Np‰p-ap≈ I-ev]-S-hp-I-fpw,- I-ev]-S-hp-I-fn¬ Cu-d≥ h-kv{Xa- W n™ H- c p- s]¨Ip´n- b pw- , s]¨Ip´n-bp-sS- ssI-bn¬ \n∂v sX-dn®p-ho-W- \n-dI - p-SØn¬ \n∂v Nn-X-dn-ho-gp∂ sh≈hpw-,- Hm´p-IpSØn-s‚ H®bp-sam-s° Iq-Sn°ecp∂p-. X-WpØ Im‰n¬ `q-an-bpw- BIm-i-hpw- \n›e-am-Ip∂Xp-t]mse-. a®n¬ \n∂v h-e-bn¬ Xqßnbn-dßn- h-cp∂ kz¿Æ\n-da - p≈ Hcp- Nn-e¥n-,- A-h¿°p-ta¬ a-t\ml-ca - m-b- H-cp- h-e- s\-bvXp-sIm≠ncn°p∂p-.- h-e-Xpw- hn-]p-e-hp-am-bnNp-a-cn-s‚ \m-ep-h-ißfn-epw- aq-eI-fp-d∏n®v Nn-e¥n- A-Xn-s‚ hoSp- ]-Wn-bp∂p-. Nn√p-Pm-e-IØn-\∏p-dwkn¬h¿ a-cßfp-sS- \n-c-.- h-b-\mSn-s‚ X-Wp∏v.- a™n-s‚ kp-Xmcy-kv]¿iw-.- Ip∂n-s‚bpw- Xm-gvhmcØn-s‚bpw- X-Wp∏n-s‚bpw- \n-i_vZ-X-.- G-Im¥am-b- a-e©cn-hnse- H‰s∏´ ho- S v.- ho- S n- s \Np‰n∏d°p∂ ]-d-h-I-fpw- Nn-{X-ie-`ßfpw-. Cu- ho-Sv kz-]v\Øn¬ am-{XwIm- W m- \ m- h p∂ X- c Øn¬ Xnf°ap≈Xm- W v . - kp- X m- c y- a m- b ta¬°q-cb - pw- IÆm-Sn- Pm-eI - ßfpap≈ ho-Sv. Cu- ho-Sn-\v h-b-\m-Sn-e√,- Xnc°pw- _-l-f-hp-an√mØ H-gn™ C- S ßfn- s e- h n- s S- b pw- km- [ y- X -

tabv 2011

bp≠v.- F¥n-\ßs\- I-cp-X-Ww-?Xn-c°pw- _-l-f-hp-ap≈n-SØpwCØcw- ho-Sp-Iƒ k¶ev]n°mhp∂Xm-Wv. F-hn-sS-bm-bm-epw- ho-Sn-\v Imh¬°m-c≥ D≠m-Ip∂Xv \∂v.Im-h¬°m-c-\v bq-Wn-t^m-d-ap≠mIp∂Xpw- \√Xp-X-s∂.- Im°n- bqWn-t^m-d-am-Wv Iq-Sp-X¬ \√Xv. ho- S n- \ p- N p‰pw- h≈n- s ®Sn- I fp≈Xpw- , - h≈n- s ®Sn- I - f n¬ ]q°fp≈Xpw- B- t em- N n®p- ckn°p-hm≥ \√Xm-Wv.- h≈n-s®SnI-fn¬ ]®ne∏mºp-If - pw-,- ]mºn≥ IÆp- I - f n¬ Xn- f °hp- a p≠mIp∂Xpw- \√Xp-X-s∂. Xpºn-Iƒ,- a-g-,- a-g-bn-eq-sS- hnc-tem-Sn°p∂ sh-bn¬,- \o¿®m¬,\o¿®m-en¬ H-gp-In- \-S°p∂ lwk߃.-.-.-. \m-ep- s]¨Ip´n-I-fm-Wv I-Ybn-se- IÆm-Sn- ho-Sn-\p≈n¬. A-h¿t°m-tcm-cpØ¿°pw- Hmtcm- `q-XI - m-ea - p≠v.- Nn-cn-bpw- IÆocp-ap≠v.- A-h-scm-s°bpw- A-h-cpsS- Po-hn-Xw- Cu- I-Y-bn¬ hn-hcn°W-sa∂v F-t∂m-Sv i-Tn°p∂p.- Nn-e¿s°m-s° A-h-c-h-cp-sS- Zcn- { Z- h pw- A- c £n- X - h pw- I- d - ] pc≠Xp-am-b- `q-X-Im-e-sØ a-d®ph- b v ° W- s a∂p≠v . - H- f n™ncn°W-sa∂v B-{K-la - p-s≠¶n-epw,- A-\m-hr-X-cm-Im-\p≈ B-k‡n,- A- \ - i z- c - X °p- t h≠n- b p≈ shºse∂t]m- s e- A- h - s c- aYn°p∂p-. ]-s£ I-Ym-Im-c\ - m-b- F-\n°v C- h - t cm- c pØcp- s S- b pw- I- Y \nßtfm-Sv hn-h-cn°p-hm≥ Xm-ev]cy- s am∂p- a n√.- F- s ¥∂m¬ \n߃°pw- F-\n°pw- {]-tbm-P\ - an√mØ H-cp- ]m-gvhym-]m-c-am-Ip-aXv . - sh- d p- s X- F¥n- \ v t_m- d Sn°Ww! A-h-sc- kw-_‘n®S-tØm-fwHm-tcm-cpØcpw- I-S∂p-h∂Xv Hmtcm-tcm- X-cØn-ep≈ Po-hn-XØneq-sS-bm-Wv.- Du-cv,- t]-cv,- PmXn-,- aXw-,- A—\Ωam¿,- Po-hn-X- ]-cn-kc߃,- k- t lm- Z - c ߃,- kz]v\߃,- ssew-Kn-Im-\p-`-h߃,cm-hp-Iƒ,- ]-I-ep-Iƒ,- kvt\-l-ZpxJ߃,- F√mw- Hm-tcm- X-cØnep≈Xm- s W∂v A- h ¿°v tXm∂p∂p≠m-Imw-. F∂m¬ C-h-bn-eq-sS-sbm-s° sXm´p- t \m°p- t ºmƒ,- F- \ n°v

amknI

H∂pw- a-s‰m∂pw- XΩn¬ Xn-cn®dnbm-\m-hp∂n√.- Nn-e-t∏mƒ P-ao-e-,Nn-e-t∏mƒ \µ,- Nn-e-t∏mƒ ar-Zpe-,- c-ay-,- \o-Xp-,- c-Po-\-.-.-.-. H∂p-In¬ A—≥ A-s√¶n¬ _m∏ a-cn®p-t]m-bn-cn°mw-.- As√∂pw- h-cmw-.- DΩtbm- AΩtbmaΩn- t bm- `¿Øm- h n- \ m¬ Dt]£n°s∏´h-tcm-,- a-cn®h-tcmB- b n- c n°mw- . - CØcØn- s es¥¶n-epw- B-bn-s°m≈W-sa∂ Im-cyØn¬ Xo¿®bp-an√.- ]-s£ C-sXm-s° XΩn¬ Im-cy-am-b- hyXym-k-sam∂p-an√. ]p-g-bn-em-tWm- Ip-fn-ap-dn-bn-emtWm- A-h¿ Ip-fn®n-cp∂Xv?- a-c®ph´n¬ h®m-tWm-,- Ip-f°S-hn¬ h®m-tWm-,- Syq-j≥ ¢m n¬ h®mtWm- A-tXm- `m-h-\-bn¬ am-{X-amtWm- A-h-cp-sS- B-Zy-{]-W-bw- Xfn¿ØXv?- Cßs\- Xp-Sßn- kw-`hn®tXm- C√mØtXm- B-b- Ah-cp-sS- B-Zy-sØ sk-Ivkn-s\°pdn®v Nn¥n°p-tºmƒ t]m-epw- Hcm-fp-tS-Xn-\pw- a-s‰m-cm-fp-tS-Xn-\p-anS-bn¬ h-en-b- hy-Xym-k-sam∂pan√.A-Xn-\m¬ Rm≥ A-h-cp-sS- `qX-Im-e-sØ H-cp- h-cn-bn¬ kwt£]n°mw-. ]Ømw¢m n-\pw- ]-{¥≠mw¢m n-\p-an-S-bv°v ]-T-\w- ap-dn™,]-Xn-t\-gn-\pw- C-cp-]Øn-c≠n-\pwC-S-bv°v {]m-b-ap≈,- Z-cn-{Z- Po-hnX- km-l-N-cyßfn¬ s]´,- i-cmi- c n°p- a p- I - f n¬ kuµcy- a p≈ s]¨Ip´n-I-fm-W-h¿ sh-dpw- s]¨Ip´n-Iƒ! C∂v tN´∑m¿ h-cp-tam-? h-cp-sa∂v tXm∂p∂n√ F¥m- Aßs\-? F¶n¬ hm®dΩm-h≥ ]-dt™t\- ; - Ip- f n- s ®m- c pßn- \nev°W-sa∂v. A-Xn-\v D®bm-bn√t√m! D®sbm- s ° F- s ∏m- t g- Ign™p-.- In-S∂p-dßn-bp-dßn- \n\°v t\- c - s Ø°p- d n®v t_m- [ sam∂p-an√. C-hn-sS- H-cp- t¢m°p≈Xv ImWn°p∂Xv i-cn-bm-b- k-a-b-a√.Fßs\- k-a-b-a-dn-bm-\m-Wv? C- \ n- k- a - b - a - d n™n- s ´¥mWv? hm®dΩm-ht- \m-Sv tNm-Zn®m¬ k-a-b-a-dn-bmw-. A-Xn-\v A-bmƒ°v k-a-b-adn™n´v th-t≠!


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F¥n-\v k-a-b-a-dn-b-Ww-. k‘y-bm-hp-tºmƒ \m´n-seN¥bn-te°p- t]m-Ip∂Im-cyw- F\n-t°m¿Ωh-cpw-. F¥n-\m-Wv sh-dp-sX- Hm-tcmt∂m¿Ωn°p∂Xv? A—≥ Ip- S n®v IqØm- S n- , ]m´pw-]m-Sn- h-cp∂Xn-\v ]n-s∂bpwt\-c-ta-sd-bm-Ipw-. Aºn-fn-t®´≥ th-en-bp-sS- ad-]‰n- F-\n°p-th≠n- ImØp-\n∂ncp∂Xv G-Xp- t\-cØm-sW∂p-t]mepw- Rm≥ a-d∂p-.- D®t\-c-tØm-,k‘y-bn-tem-.-.-.-.- ]m-Xn-cm-hn-tem-?-.-..-. \n- s ‚sbm- c ºn- f n- t ®´≥!tN´∑m¿°p-apºn¬ h-f™p-sImSp°m≥ \Ωsf- t ∏m- s e- Ip- s ds]¨]n≈m-cpw-. C∂v \Ωƒ D®`£Ww- Ign-t®m-? A-t∏mƒ \o- A-Xpw- a-d-t∂m?- ]- s £ k- a - b - a - \ p- k - c n®v Hmtcm∂pw- A- I Øm°m≥ ad°p∂Xp-an√! \Ωp-sS- cm-P\ - ¶n-fn-t\m-Sv tNmZn®m-tem-? \o- th-tWm¶n¬ tNm-Zn-t®m.- A-Sp°f-bn¬ sN∂m¬ ]n-s∂ A-bm-fp-sS- H-cp-Pm-Xn- irw-Km-c-amWv.- sh-bv]p-Im-c-\m-sW∂ hn-Nmc-sam∂p-an√. A-bmƒ N¥n-bn-sem∂v ]n®nbn´n√mØ s]¨]n≈m-cn√,- C-hnsS-. sh-bv]p-Im-c≥ \Ωsf°mƒ ta-se-bm-Wv.- \Ωfm-Wv Xm-W-X´nep≈h¿. i-cn-bm-Wv.- A-bmƒ°v ÿn-cam-bn- B- tPm-en-sb¶n-ep-ap≠v. I- g n™ _m®n¬ G- g ps]¨Ip´n-I-fp≠bn-cp-s∂∂m-Wv hm®d¶nƒ ]-d™Xv? A-h¿ H-cp- am-k-tØm-fw- ]Wn-sb-SpØp-. ]-Wn-sb-SpØp!-? \-ap°pw- H-cp-am-kw- C-hn-sS- Ign-bmw-. F¥m-sWm-cp-d∏v? Po-hn-XØn¬ F¥n-\m-Wv Dd∏p≈Xv? Cu- tN´∑m-cn-em-sc¶n-epw-,\Ωfn¬ B-sc-sb¶n-epw- I-eymWw- I-gn°p-tam-? \√ ]q-Xn- X-s∂!- A-sXm-s° ]-gb - I - m-ew-.- A-s√¶n¬ I-YI - f - n¬ am-{X-ap≈ Im-cyw-. H∂pw- kw- ` - h n®p- Iq-

tabv 2011

SmØX√. G-Xm-bm-epw- C∂v tN´∑m-cmcpw- h- c p- s a∂p- tXm∂p∂n√.F¶n¬ A-Sp°f-bn¬ \n∂pw- akm-e-bp-sS-bpw- tIm-gn- s]m-cn®Xns‚bpw- a-Ww- ]-c-t∂t\-. Nn- e - t ∏mƒ tXm∂pwtN´∑m¿ \Ωsf- kvt\-ln°p∂psh∂v. k-XyØn¬ A-h¿ \Ωsfkvt\-ln°p∂p≠m-hmw-. \Ωƒ A- h - s c- kvt\ln°p∂p-t≠m-? A-h-sc°p-dn®v Nn-e-t∏mƒ sh- d p∏p- t Xm∂pw- ; - Nn- e - t ∏mƒ kvt\-l-hpw-. cm-{Xn-I-fn¬ A-h-cn-s√¶n¬ t_m-dm-Wv.- D-d°w- h-cm-sX- InS°pw-.-.-.-.-? F- \ n- s °m- c p- t_m- d p- a n√.Rm≥ \√hÆw- D-dßpw-. F¶n-epw- \n-\°h-sc- th-Wsa∂p- tXm∂m-dn-t√. i-co-cw- th-Z-\n°p∂Xn¬ F\n-s°m-cp- kp-J-hp-an√. \o- ]-d-bp∂Xv I≈w-. F-s‚ AΩ F-\n°v H∂c-hb p≈t∏m-gm-Wv a-cn®Xv. Cu- cm-{Xn-bn¬ A-h¿ h-cp-tam? F√m-h-cp-sS-bpw- A—≥ Fs‚ A—s\-t∏m-se- B-bn-cn°ptam- ? - B- s W¶n- e pw- B- c pw- CsXm∂pw- ]p- d Øp- ] - d - b n√m- b ncn°pw-. C∂p-h-cp-sa¶n¬ F-{X-t]cp≠m-hpw-?

amknI

H∂pw- \-ap°v ]-d-bm-\m-hn√.H∂pwXo- c p- a m- \ n°p∂Xv \Ωf√. Nn-e-t∏mƒ H-cmƒ am-{X-am-bncn°pw-. F¶n¬ \Ωfn¬ F-{X-t]-cmbn- c n°pw- , - cm- { Xn- b n¬ Abmƒs°m∏w-. Xo-cp-am-\n°p∂Xv \Ωf√t√m! Iq-Sp-X¬ B-fp-If - p-s≠¶n-emWv {]-iv\w-. I-gn™ Zn-h-kwRm≥ FÆn-.- ]-{¥≠p-t]¿ D≠mbn-cp∂p-. A∂v t\-tc-sNm-t∆ `£WwIn´n-b-Xp-an√. B- Zn-hk - w- \Ωp-sS- cm-P\ - ¶nfpw- D≠m-bn-cp∂p-. tN´∑m-c-dn-bm-sX- A-bmƒ H∏n®Xm-bn-cn°pw-.- tN´∑m¿ ]qkm-bn-cp∂p-. H- c p- Zn- h - k w- A- h - c p- s SIq´Øn¬ Aºn- f n- t ®´\pw- hs∂¶n¬! A—≥ h∂m-tem-? H-cp- Zn-h-kw- hm®d¶n-fpw- hcp-am-bn-cn°pw-. Im‰p-ho-in-. a-g- Xn-an¿Øp-. a-c®n√Iƒs°m∏w- ]¿h-X-inJ-cßfpw- H-Sn™p-ho-Wp-. Np-cØn-te°p≈ h-gn-Iƒ imiz-X-am-bn- A-S™p-.\m-ep-s]¨Ip´n-I-fpw- A-h¿ i-bn® ]-c-h-Xm-\n-bpw- ]-fp¶p-hoSpw- B- I m- i Øn- t e°v Db¿Øs∏´p-


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amknI

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P\m¿±\≥ h√tØcn

an

Acbv°v Np‰pw

Acnhmƒ

tabv 2011

\ - p- Xo¿Øpw- {]-Xo£n°mØ H-cp- cm-{Xn-bn-em-Wv A-bmƒ h∂p-Ib-dn-b-Xv.- A-bmƒ Po-hn®n-cn∏p≠v F∂p- an-\p-hn-\-dn-bmw-.- hnπh-Im-cn-bt√.- a-cn®m¬ \m-em-f-dn-t™ a-cn°q.- hnπh-Im-cn°p- a-cn°m≥ I-gn-bn√,c‡km£n-bm-hm-t\- I-gn-bq- F∂mWv A-bmƒ ]-d-bm-dv.- A-Xp-sIm≠v F-s∂¶n-epw- A-bmƒ ]mØpw- ]Xpßn-bpw- tI-dn-h-cp-sa∂p-X-s∂ Ahƒ {]-Xo£n®p-.- tNm-Zn°m-sX-bpw]-d-bm-sX-bpw- A-bmƒ°v h-cm-\pwt]m-hm-\pw- cm-{Xn- Xßm-\p-ap≈ H-tcsbm-cp- h-gn-bºe-am-Wv,- an-\p-.- `m-cyF∂ Cu- k-{Xw-.- h¿j߃°p-apºv A-bmƒ an-\p-hn-s‚ I-gpØn¬ sI´nb- Xm-en®c-Sv s]m´m-dm-bn-.- Xm≥ Abm-fp-sS- `m-cy-bm-sW∂ Im-cyw- Abmƒ°v Hm¿Ωbpw- D- d ∏p- a p- t ≠mF∂p- an-\p-hn-\p- kw-i-b-am-Wv.- an-\pA-bm-fp-sS- `m-cy-bpw-,- A-bmƒ an-\phn- s ‚ `¿Øm- h p- a m- s W∂ ImcyØn¬ H-cp- X¿°hp-an√mØXv t]meo-kn-\p-am-{X-am-bn-cp∂p-.- k-XyØn¬ A- h - c p- s S- hn- h m- l - _ ‘w- \n- e \n¬°p∂Xv t]m-eo-kv dn°m¿Up-Ifn¬ am-{X-am-Wv.- t]m-eo-kn-s‚ IÆpsh´n®p- t h- W wA- b mƒ°pho´n¬t°dm≥;- H-fn-tk-h°m-c≥ thiy-sb- tX-Sn-s®√p∂Xp-t]m-se-. h∂h- i wA- b mƒ I´nen¬t°dn°n-S∂p-.- ]n∂m-se- a-Ww]n-Sn®v t]m-eo-kv h-t∂°pw- F∂ t]-Sn-sbm∂pw- A-bmƒ°n√.- an-\p-hns‚ t\m´Øn¬ A- b m- s f- BWm°p∂ G-I-e£W-hpw- A-Xp-Xs∂˛ B- t]-Sn-bn√m-bva-.- a-s‰s¥¶nep-ap-s≠¶n¬Øs∂ A-Xd - n-bm-\p≈ t\-ch - pw- X-ch - pw- an-\p-hn-\p- In´n-bn´n√.A-bm-fp-sS- IÆn¬ D-d°w- \-jvSs - ∏´


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amknI

A-t\-Iw- cm-{Xn-Iƒ,- an-\p- I≠p-.B-tcm- h-en-s®dn™ A-W™ H-cp- Xo∏¥w- t]m-se-,- A-bmƒ I´n-en¬ ho-Wp-In-S°p-Ib - m-W.v - Abmƒ an- \ p- h n- t \m- S v H∂pw- ]d™n√.- an-\p-hn-\v H∂pw- tNmZn°m-\p-an√.- h-f-sc- \o≠ H-cpth¿]m- S n- \ p- t i- j - a m- W v A- h ¿ XΩn¬ Im-Wp∂Xv.- hn-c-l-Zpx-JwNn-cn∏n°p∂ H-cp- X-am-ib - m-Wv;- Ah¿°n-S-bn¬.- F-{X-Im-ew- Iq-Sn-bmWv,- `¿Øm-hv H-cp- hn-cp∂p-Im-cs - \t∏m-se- ho´n-seØn-bn-cn°p∂Xv!]- g - b - Hm¿Ω ]p- X p°p∂Xn- \ pth≠n- s b¶n- e pw- F- s ¥¶n- e pwtNm- Z n- t ®Xo- c q- . - A- ] - c n- N n- X - \ msW¶n¬t∏m-epw-,- ho´n¬ h∂p-tIdn-bm¬˛ F-t¥y-? ˛F- s ¥¶n- e pwH∂t\zjn°W-a-s√m-.- A-Xp-sIm≠v H-cpIp- i - e m- t \z- j - W Øn- s ‚ AI¬®tbm-sS- an-\p- tNm-Zn®p-: ]n- s ∂ F¥p≠p- hn- t ij߃? A-bmƒ A-Xv tI-t´m- F-t¥m!an-\p- Ip™n-t\-bp-sa-SpØv A-bmfp-sS- apºn¬ sN∂p-\n∂p-.- Abmƒ H∂p-t\m°n-.- Ip™n-t\-bpw.- ]n-s∂ A-h-tf-bpw-.- Rm≥ H∂ph∂p- t ]m- b - t ∏m- t g°pw- \n- \ s°ßs\-sbm-cp- Ip™p≠m-bnF∂m-tWm- B- t\m´Øn-s‚ [z\n- ? - I- g n™ {]m- h - i yw- XΩn-sem∂p- I≠p--ap-´n--bX -- n-s‚ Po-h-\p≈ Hm¿a--ab -- m--Wv,- an-\p--hn-s‚ H°Øn--cn-°p∂ Ip™v.- `¿Øm--hp--am-bnA∂v _‘--s∏t´m- F∂p--t]m-epwan-\p--hn-\v kw-ib -- a-- m--W.v - Aß--s\--sbmcp- kw-`-hw- Hm¿°m-t\m- hn-iz--kn°m-t\m- I-gn--bp-∂n-√.- A-bmƒ°v ]n∂m-se- X-s∂ t]m-eo-kpw- h∂p.- C-cp-´Øv A-bmƒ Fß--s\-tbmHm-Sn- c£--s∏-´p-.- A-tXm--sS-- BI≠p--ap-´¬ A-hk -- m--\n®p- F∂mWv an-\p-- I--cp--Xn--bX -- v.- ]-t£,- Xm≥ K¿`n--Wn--bm--bn--cn-°p∂p- F∂--dn-™-t∏mƒ,- an-\p-- i--cn-°pw-- t]--Sn-®p--t]m-bn-.- H∂p--sXm-´m¬ H-cp- Ip™p-≠m-hp-tam-?- kw-`h -- n-®X -- X -- m--Wv.- Ip™n-\n--t∏mƒ,- B-dp--am-kw- {]m-ba-- m--bn-.C -- -Xp--h-sc- A-bm--sf-∏‰n- bm-sXm-cp- hnh--ch -- p--ap-≠m--bn--cp-∂n-√.- A—≥ tams\- B-Zy--am--bn-´m--Wv.- X-\n--s°m-cpIp™v P-\n®p- F∂v A-bmƒ Adn-™n--cp-∂n-√.- A—≥ tam-s\- B-

tabv 2011


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Zy--am--bn-´m-Wv Im-Wp-∂X -- v.- X-\n--s°mcp- Ip™v P-\n®p- F∂v A-bmƒ A-dn-™n--cp-∂n-√.- C-t∏mƒ A-dn-s™-¶n--epw-,- A-dn-™ a´pw- am-Xn-cn-bpw- A-bm--fp-sS- ap-Js-- Øm-´n-√m-Xm--\pw-.Cu- Ip™n-s\- \n߃°v a\- n--em-tbm-? an-\p-,- tam-s\- A-bm--fp-sS- hn-d-Ip--sIm-≈n--t]m--ep≈ s\©-Øp--In-S-Øm≥ {i-an®p-.- s\©Øv I-cn¶√v A-a¿∂ a´n¬ A-bm--fp-sS- apJ-sØ amw-kt-- ]--in--Iƒ h-en-™p-ap--dp--In-.- A-bmƒ°v kz¥w- ap-JO -- mb - t-- ]m-epw- \-jvSs-- ∏--Sp--Ib -- m--sW-∂v,- an\p--hn-\p- tXm∂n-.- B-dp--am-kw- am-{Xw{]m-ba-- p≈ kz¥w- Ip™n-s‚ I\w--t]m-epw- Xmßm≥ hnπ--hI -- m--cn--bmb- Cu- A—\v I-gn-bp∂n-s√∂pt≠m-?- C-Xm-cp-sS- Ip™m-Wv Fs∂¶n-epw- A-bmƒ H∂v tNm-Zns®¶n¬ F∂p- an-\p- B-in®p-.tNm-Zn°mØ tNm-Zyw- Ip-cp-S-s\t∏m- s e- . - A- b m- f p- s S- ap- J - s Ø Ip≠n-epw- Ip-gn-bn-epw- X∏nØSbp∂p≠v.- C-Xv \Ωp-sS- tam-\m-Wv F∂v Ip™n- s ‚ A—t\m- S v Fßs\-bm-Wv H-cΩbv°p- ]-dbm≥ I-gn-bp-I-?- A-Xn-\p≈ a\°cpØv an-\p-hn-\n√.- \n»_vZX - bp-sS- hn≠ h-e°Æn-I-fn-eq-sShm°p-Iƒ NØ a’yßsf-t∏mse- tNm¿∂p-. Ip-fn°tWm-? an-\p- tNm-Zn®p-:- F-s¥¶n-epwtNm-Zn°W-as - √m- F∂p- I-cp-Xn-am{Xw-.- tNm-Zn®Xp-sIm≠v A-bmƒ a-dp-]-Sn-bpw- ]-d™p-: th≠! F∂m¬ hm-,- DÆmw-. I-gn®p-. F∂m¬ D-dßn-t°m-fp! Rm≥ Ip-fn®p- Xm-a-kn°m≥ h∂X√! F¶n¬∏n- s ∂ F¥n- \ pt]m∂p-? ]-Xp-s°.-.-.- ]n∂m-se- t]m-eokp-Im-Wpw! A-Xm-,- tNm-Zn®Xv ˛ an-\p-hn\v A-S°m≥ I-gn™n√:- C-{X- ]mSp- I - g n®v , - t]m- e o- k n- s ‚ IÆpsh´n®v B-sc- Im-Wm-\v h∂Xv? C-Xp-h-gn- t]m-b-t∏mƒ,- H∂ptI-dn-. hn- t i- j - a - d n- b m≥ A- t √?Xmßm-hp∂Xn-\pw- A∏p-d-am-Wv.-

tabv 2011

A-bm-fp-sS- {Iq-c-am-b- \n w-K-X-.an-\p- s]m´n-sØdn®p-:- F∂m¬ tIt´m-fp-,- hn-ti-jw-.- C-hn-sS- B-cpwNØn´n√.- P- \ n®n- t ´sbm≈p- , \n߃s°m-cp- tam≥. A—s‚ am-dØv A≈n∏n-Sn®ncp∂ Ip™v I-c-bm-\m-cw-`n®p-.Ip™v A-bm-fp-sS- taØp-\n∂pwa-dn™p-ho-Wm¬t∏m-epw- A-bmƒ A-dn-bp-sa∂p-tXm∂p∂n√.- tam≥ ho- g m- s X- H∂p- ]n- S n°m≥,A—s‚ ssI- s]mßp∂p-t]m-epan√,- F∂pw- an-\p- I≠p-.- A—s‚ IÆp-Iƒ tam-s\- Im-Wp-Ib - √.- Ah-\p-ta¬,- B-Im-iØn¬ h´an´p]-d°p-Ib - m-Wv.- A-hƒ Ip™n-s\F-SpØp-. A-bmƒ B-izm-k-tØm-sS- ]d™p-: F-s∂ t]m-eo-kv th´bm-SpI-bm-Wv! Cu- th´bv°p- A-h-km-\-ant√? A-h-km-\-sØ t]m-cm´Øns‚ \-Sp-hn-em-Wv,- R߃. B-cm-Wo- R߃? R߃ AºXp-t]-cp≠v B-tcm-Sm-Wv,- \nßfp-sS- t]mcm´w-? \n-\°Xp- a-\ n-em-hn-eym F-\n°dn-bmw-,- B-tcm-Sm-Wv \nßfp-sS- bp≤sa∂v.- A-dn™pIq-SmØXv \n߃°p-X-s∂bmWv . - F- \ n°√.- \nßfp- s S- \ng¬bp≤w- F-t∂m-Sm-Wv.- \n߃ a‰m-tcm-Sv bp≤w- sNøm-\m-Wv!- Pohn°m≥ A- d n™p- I q- S mØXpsIm≠v , - \m- W w- a- d - b v ° m≥,\n߃ t]m- c m- f n- N- a - b p∂p- . \n߃ sh-dp-sX- Np-Sp-tNm-dv am¥pI-bm-Wv.- C-Xv \m-Sp-\∂m°e√:Im-Sp-tI-d-em-Wv,- kz-bw- H-fn°m≥.\n߃ Aºe߃ XI¿°p∂Xv,- ssZ-h-tØm-Sp- ]-Iho´m-\√.- ap-Sn™ Aºe߃,\n߃s°m-fn°m≥ C-S-am-hp-at√m- F∂p-I-cp-Xn-bm-Wv. \o- {]-kw-Kn®p- t\-cw- I-fbp∂p-. A-bmƒ IÆS®p-:- an-\p- ]-dbp∂Xv tIƒ°m- X n- c n°m≥.tIƒ°p∂Xv Im- X n- e q- s S- b msW∂p-t]m-epw- A-bmƒ°v At∏mƒ tXm∂n- b n√.- A- h ƒ \n›ew- In-S°p∂ `¿Øm-hn-s\t\m°n-.- t]m-eo-kn-s‚ t]-Sn-kz-

amknI

]v\-am-tWm-,- Cu- In-S°p∂Xv?- Abm-fp-sS- X-e-t®m-dn¬ H-fn®p-h® H- c p- B- b p- [ ∏p- c - b p≠v . - a- l m]¿∆X߃ A´n-ad - n°m-\p≈ shSn- a - c p∂pw- A- b m- f p- s S- X- e bv°IØp≠v,- F∂m-Wv {ip-Xn-.F∂m¬ an-\p-hn-\v A-sXm∂pw- Xs∂ hn-iz-kn°m-\m-hp∂n√.- shdpw- tI´p-tIƒhn-bm-Wn-sX√mw-.]≠v A-bmƒ ]-db - m-dp≠v:- a-\p-jy\p-th≠n-bm-Wv,- F-s‚ Ip-cp-Xn˛ DSp- X p- W n°v a- d p- X p- W n- b n√mØ AΩam¿°p-th≠n-;- Ip-Sn-\o-cp-t]mepw- C-d°m-\n√m-sX- s]m-cn™pa-cn°p∂ Ip™p߃°p-th≠n.- Rm≥ ]-Wn-bp∂Xv C∂ √.\m-sf bm-Wv.- H-cp- \√ \m-sf-.- F\n°Xn-\v I-gn-bn-s√∂p- \n-\°v tXm∂p∂p-t≠m-? h¿j߃°p- a pºm- W v Abmƒ tNm-Zn®Xv.- C-t∏mƒ,- Abmƒ an≠m-sX- In-S°p-I-bm-Wv.B- ]-g-b- tNm-ZyØn-\v C-t∏mƒ A-hƒ°v a-dp-]-Sn-bp≠v.- an-\p- ]d™p-:- kz¥w- Ip™n-s‚ apºn¬ i-h-am-bn°n-S°p∂ A—∑m¿ ]Wn-bp∂Xv \√ \m-sf-Is - f-b√.- Ah-cp-sS- i-h°p-gn-I-fm-Wv.- kz¥w`m-cy-b° v v D-Sp°m≥t]m-epw- hmßns°m- S p°m≥ G∏bn√mØ \n߃ B-cp-sS- A-tΩ c£n°m\m- W v t]m- h p∂Xv ! - \n߃ adn®m¬ H- c p- a- e - b pw- a- d n- b n√.\n߃ sh-dpw- F-en-bm-Wv.- a-e- {]k-hn® F-en-.- ]q®bp-sS- apºn-eI-s∏Sp∂tXm-sS- Xo-cpw- F-en-bpsS- hnπhw-.- A-dp°m≥ A-dn™pIq- S mØh- s ‚ A- c - b v ° p- N p‰pwAºXv A-cn-hm-fp≠m-bn-s´¥p-Imcyw-?- \n߃ a-\p-jy-s‚ I-gpØdptØ°pw-.- H-cp- a-\p-jy-s\-t∏m-epwc£n°m≥ t]m-hp∂n√! _-en-ap-JØv tNm-c- C-c®p-. F-\n°p- t]m-hm-dm-bn-. A-Xn-\v Rm≥ \nßsf- ]nSn®p- sI´n-bn´n√t√m! C-\n- Ip-d®p-\m-ft- Ø°p- \mwXΩn¬ I≠n-s√∂p-h-cpw-. C- X p- t I´m¬ tXm∂pw\n߃ an-\n-bm∂p-t]m-bn- C∂seXn-cn®p-h∂Xm-sW∂v! t]m-hp∂Xn-\p-apºv. s]m-Sp∂s\-bm-Wv A-bm-fp-sSB-h¿Øn®p≈ bm-{X- ]-d®n-ens‚bpw- Xn-Sp°Øn-s‚bpw- s]mcpƒ an-\p-hn-\v ]n-Sn-In´n-bX - .v - A°m-


58

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cyw- A-Xp-h-sc- an-\p- Hm¿ØtXbn√.- ]-t£,- A-bmƒ h∂Xv AXn-\p-th≠n-bm-Wv C-Xp-h-sc-bpwtam-\v H-cp- t]-cp-t]m-epw- hn-fn°msX- an-\p- ImØn-cp∂Xv I-gn-bpsa¶n¬ A—s‚ \m-hp-sIm≠p-Xs∂ tam-s\m-cp- t]-cn-S-W-sa∂p- Icp-Xn-bm-bn-cp∂p-.- ]-t£,- A—≥ h∂Xv tam-\v t]-cn-Sm-\√.- tam-s\P-\n∏n® \n-an-jØn-s‚ Zp¿\nanØhp-am-bn´m-Wv tam‚—≥ h∂ncn°p∂sX∂v,- an-\p-hn-\v a-\ n-embn- . - I- c n™ ]¥Øn- s ‚ sISmØ Xo-s∏m-cn-Iƒ.- A-bm-fp-sSap-JØp- \o-dn∏S¿∂p-.- D-W¿∂ ]pcp-j-s\-,- A-bm-fp-sS- IÆp-I-fn-eqsS- an∂n-an∂n-bn-dßp∂ an∂m-an\pßp- I - f p- s S- {]m- I r- X - a m- b sh´Øn¬ an-\p- I-s≠Øn-. C- t ∏mƒ A- b mƒ°m- h - i yw\√ \m-sf-b√˛ ti-jn®v C∂m-W˛v H-cp- s]Æpw- Cu- cm-{Xn-bpw-.- Abmƒ I´n-en¬ F-gp-t∂‰n-cp∂p-.- Ct∏mƒ A-bmƒ°v th≠Xv hnπha√.- H∂v hy-`n-N-cn°Ww-.- A-Xpwkz¥w- `m-cy-sb-.- I-gn™ {]m-hiyw- A-bmƒ h∂t∏m-gpw- D≠mb-Xv C-Xp-Xs - ∂bm-W.v - an-\p- X-cn®p\n∂p-t]m-bn-.- ]n-t∂m´p-am-dm≥ Ign- b p∂Xn- \ p- a pºv A- b m- f p- s SsRm≈n® ssI-Iƒ,- an-\p-hn-s\h´w- ]n-Sn®p-. ˛Cßs\-bm-Wv I-gn™ X-hW- A- h ƒs°m- c p- Ip™p- P\n®Xv! hn-Sq an-\p- Ip-X-dn C-Xp- th´bm-Wv.- \-c-th´! F-\n°v [r-Xn-bp≠v,- an-\q! ssZ-h-ta-,- \nßsf-s‚ t]tcm¿°p-t∂m! a-\p-jy-s‚ ar-Ko-b-am-b- hn-i∏v Iq-Sp-hn´n-dßn-.- \-c-amw-kØn-s‚ A-Xn-{]m-No-\-am-b- a-Ww- s]mßn-.]-t£,- an-\p- Io-g-Sßn-bn√.- A-hfp-sS- hn-i∏v F-t∂ sI´p-t]m-bncp∂p-.- A-hƒ,- an-\p- Ip-X-dn-.- Abmƒ H-cp- ssI-sIm≠v C-c-sb- Cdp-sI- ]n-Sn®p-.- a-dp-ssI-sIm≠v hnf°v X√n-s°SpØn-.- an-\p- tam-s\am-tdm-Sv tN¿Øp-]n-Sn®p-.- Ip™v D-d-s°t]-Sn®p- I-c™p-.- Ip™nt\m- s Sm∏wAΩbpws]m´n°c™p-: C√˛ Rm≥ kΩXn°n√.- C\n- \n߃ h-cp-tºmƒ,- H-cp- sIm®nt\°q-Sn- \nßsS- tam-s\∂pw- ]-

tabv 2011

amknI

Nne ]pkvX-I-߃ Aa¬

k

Xy-hpw, Alnw-k-bpw, [¿Ω-hpw, \oXn-bpw, ]tcm-]-Im-chpw A£-c-ß-fn¬ IpSp-ßn-°n-S-°p-∂˛ AtX ]g-s©m-√p-I-fp-sStbm˛ Hcp ]pkvX-I-Øn¬ Imep-S-°n-bmWv hr≤-\mb sset{_dn-b≥ hoW-Xv. hogp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ sh{]m-f-s∏´v Hcp ssIsbØn hen-bv°th tNmc-°-d-bp-sS-bpw, \n[n-th-´-bp-sS-bpw, inc-tO-Zß-fp-sS-bpw, NXn-®p-ho-gvØ-en-s‚bpw Zo¿L-N-cn-{X-ß-fpsS ]pkvXI - ß - f - p≈ Ae-amc sNcn-™v, hr≤s‚ apI-fn-te°v h∂p. ]t£ I≠¬°m-Sp-I-fp-sS, Pe-k-ky-ß-fpsS Hcp ]pkvX-IØn¬°p-cp-ßn, h≈n-∏S- ¿∏p-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬s∏´v Xmtg°v hogmsX Ae-amc ]Ip-Xn°v h®v \n›-e-am-bn. Bizm-k-tØm-sS, hr≤≥ Fgp-t∂-‰n-cp∂v ]®n-e-a-cp-∂p-I-fpsS ]pkvX-I-Øm-sfm∂v Iodn®p-cp-´n-∏n-gn™v CØncn sXmen-t]mb ssIap-´n-te°v h®a¿Øm≥ XpS-ßn.

d™v Im-Wn®p-X-cm≥ F-\n°p]‰n√. Xn∂p-tºmƒ ]∂n°p- sN-hntIƒ°p-I-bn√s√m-.- A-bm-fp-sSssI-Iƒ an-\p-hn-s‚ am-dn-Sw- X∏nC- g ™p- t I- d n- . - ]- t £,- an- \ pIp™n-s\- am-tdm-sSm-Xp°n∏n-Sn®v A- b m- s f- X- S ™p- . - F∂p- a pX¬°m-Wv \n߃ _-em¬kw-KwB-bp-[-am°n-b-Xv? F-\n°p-S-s\- t]m-h-Ww-. A-bmƒ In-X®p-: ˛D-S™ X-e,- - sh-Sn-sIm≠p- ]nf¿∂ s\©v,- B-kn-Uv H-gn®v am®pI-f™ ap-Jw-,- A‰ ssI-,- A-dpØ Im¬,- \m-S≥ t_mw-_v Xn∂ X-et®m-dv,- On∂`n∂am-b- D-S-en-s‚ \·X-.\n߃ t]m-hq˛ t]m-?

A-hƒ I-c™p-.- A-bmƒ ]nSn-ap-dp°n-. ssZ-h-sØtbm¿Øv F-s∂ hn´p-t]m-hm-\m- ]-d-s™. A-bmƒ hn´n√. hn-Sq-.- F-s∂ hn-Sm≥˛ A-h-fp-sS- ap-e-bm-sW∂p- I-cpXn- . - A- b m- f p- s S- IÆp- s ]m´n- b ssI-hn-c-ep-Iƒ.- Ip™n-s‚ IgpØn¬ sa-s√sbm∂p- X-tem-Sn-.]n-s∂ sR-cn®p-.- AΩbp-sS- am-dnS-am-sW∂p- I-cp-Xn-.- A—s‚ IÆps]m´n-b- ssI-hn-c-ep-Iƒ tam-s‚ I-gpØn¬ ar-Zp-hm-sbm∂p- X-temSn-.- ]n-s∂ sR-cn®p-. Ip™n-s‚ ]n©p-\n-eh - n-fn-Iƒ ]n-Sn®p-sI´n-b- t]m-se- \n-e®p-. B-cpw- H∂pw- I≠n√. Fºm-Spw- C-cp´m-Wv;- Iq-cn-cp´v.-


kmtIXw

60

amknI

IY

F¥n\v? tIm´p-Im¬ Fw.-Fkv Pb-Ip-am¿

As∂m-cp- sNm∆m--gvNb -- m--bn--cp∂p;- F´p--aW -- n--bm--bn-°m-Wpw- s{S-bn≥ Xr»q¿ tÃj--\n¬ FØn--bt-- ∏mƒ _n- t^m¿ tIm®n¬ \n∂v \m-e©p--t]¿ C-dß - p-∂X -- p--I≠ - n-´m-Wv \nJn-epw- A-Xn¬ Hm-Sn-°b -- d-- n--b-Xv!- 3-9-&-4-0- ssk-Uv ko‰p--Iƒ tN¿Øn´v c≠p--t]¿ ap-Jt-- Øm--Sp--ap--Ja-- n--cp∂v GtXm- ]-{Xw- hm-bn-°b -- m--bn--cp∂p-;- Ah-sc- I≠m¬ X-s∂ A-dn-bmw- Hcp--]m-Sv tam-l-ßfpw- kz-]v\-ßfpws\©n--te‰n- A-Xn--e[ -- n-Iw- `m-WvU-s°-´p--If-- p--am-bn- \m´n--te°pw- ho´n-te°pw- A-Xn--th-Kw- Hm-Sn--s°m-≠nc - p∂ ]´m--f° - m¿!- A-Xn--sem--cm--fm-Wv A-I-sØ H-gn--hp≈ ko‰p--Iƒ Abmƒ°v Im-Wn-®p--sIm--Sp-ØX -- v-˛ Abmƒ 3-3-˛mw- \º¿ ko‰n--en--cp-∂p-,]p-dt-- I--h∂ c≠p--t]-cpw- 3-8-epw- 3-5-

tabv 2011

epw-.- s{S-bn≥ sR-cßn- \oßn-;- 36-˛mw- ko‰n¬ H-cp- _m-Km-Wv BZyw- h∂p--ho--WX -- v,- ]n-d-tI- A-h-fpw!A-hs-- f-∂p--]d-- -™m¬ am-\n--dw-,- H-cp1-6-0- sk‚o-ao-‰¿ s]m°w-,- HØ--i-co--cw-,- hn-e-Iq-Sn-b- H-Xp-°a-- p≈ \√-th--jw-,- h-eX -- p--ssI--bn¬ aq∂p--sN--dnb- h-fI -- ƒ,- C-SX -- p--ssI--bn¬ I-dpØ kv{Sm∏p≈ kz¿Æ--\n--da-- p≈ hm®v c≠p--hn--ce -- p--If-- n¬ tam-Xn--cw-,- {]-Im--ia - p≈ IÆp--Iƒ,- i-co--ct-- Ø-°mƒ \nd--a p≈ Np≠p--I ƒ,- I- g p- Ø n¬ A©p--]h -- t-- \m-fw- h-cp∂ Xn-f-°-ap≈ am-e˛ h-b  - m--sW-¶n¬ 1-9- IqSn--b m¬ 2- 1 !!- _m- K v ssk- U n¬ tN¿Øp--h®v ap´p--Iƒ a-S°n- Np-cp≠p--In--S-∂Xpw- sam-ss_¬ \o´n--hn-fn-°m-\pw- Xp-S-ßn˛ A-hƒ h-enb- _m-Kv Xp-d∂v A-Xn--\p-≈n¬

\n∂v H-cp- sN-dn-b- _m-sK--SpØv AXn--\p-≈n¬ \n∂v sam-ss_--se--SpØv \o-ck -- t-- Øm-sS- ]-d™p- ko‰p- In´n.- sam-ss_¬ sN-dn-b- _m-Kn¬ Xs∂--h®v A-Xv s\-t©m-Sv tN¿Øp-]n--Sn®v ho≠pw- Np-cp-≠p--X-s∂ InS∂p!- s{S-bn≥ Iq-In--hn--fn®v Ip-Xn®p--]m-™p-.- A-hf-- p-sS- IÆp--Iƒ s{Sbn--\n-s‚ th-KX -- s-- °mØv A-Sb -- p∂Xpw- Xp- d - ° p- ∂ Xpw- i- c o- c wNm©m--Sp-∂Xpw- \n-Jn¬ {i≤n-®-tX--bn-√,- A-bmƒ ]p-ds-- Ø--Sp-Øp--h® \m-ep--ho-°n--en--If-- n--sem-∂n¬ apßnØm--gp--Ib -- m--bn--cp∂p!3-8-epw- 3-5-epw- C-cp-∂n--cp∂ c≠v bm-{X-°m-cpw- th-KØ - n--en--dß - p-∂X -- p-I-≠m-Wv \n-Jn¬ ho°n--en--bn¬ \n∂v ]p-dt-- Ø°v t\m°n--bX -- v˛ s{Sbn≥ B-ep--hb -- n--se-Øn-°-gn-™n--


kmtIXw

61

cp∂p!- A- I Øv I- d p- Ø p--X- S n® Im°-°-Æp≈ \m-e©v ]´m--f°m¿ 3-9-&-4-0- se- ]-{Xw- hm-b\ -- b -- n¬ ]¶p--tN¿∂--Im-cyw- A-bm--fd-- n-™n--cp∂n-√,- A-hƒ H∂pw- Im-Wm--Xn--cn-°m-\m-hpw- ap-JØv sh≈ ]q°--fp≈ tdm-kv \n-d-Øn--ep≈ Su-h¬ aq-Sn-bn--cp∂p-;- A-Xpw- A-bmƒ A-dn-™-tX--bn√!!- Im°-°-Æp--Iƒ°p-≈nse- I-gp--I≥ IÆp--Iƒ \n-Jn--en-s\A-kz--kvX\ -- m-°n-.- H-cm--gvNa-- pºv hmbn® ]-{X--hm¿Ø A-bm-sf- `-bs-- ∏S- p-Øp-∂p-≠m--bn--cp-∂p˛ Im-ivao--cn¬ 1-9- Im-cn-sb- _-em¬°m-cw- sN-bvX-Xn-\v 1-2- ]´m--f-°m-sc- P-bn--en--eS-- -®p-,Iq-Sm-sX- e¶--bn¬ ]o-kvIo-∏n-ßn-\n--Sb -- n¬ \Ωp-sS- ]´m--f-°m¿;- AXp--t]m-se- C-dm-°n¬ A-ta--cn-°≥ ]´m--f° - m¿ Aß--s\--bp≈ ]-e] -- ´- mf - ° - Y -- I -- f - pw- A-bm--fp-sS- `-bw- h¿≤n∏n®p!- A- b mƒ A- h - s f- H∂p-t\m°n- ]p©n--cn-°p-∂X -- m-bn- A-`n-\--bn®v ao-cm--Pm--kvan-s‚ ap-JN -- n--{X-ap≈ Po-hc-- m-Kw- am-kn-I- ssI-bn-se--SpØv A-Xn¬ t\m°n--bn--cp∂p!]´m--f-°m--cp-sS- FÆw- F-t∏m--sgm-s°tbm- Iq-Sp--I-bpw- Ip-db -- p--I-bpwsN-bvXp-.- A-hƒ sN-dp--]p-©n--cn--bp-am--bm-Wv F-Wo-‰X -- v,- Np‰pw--t\m°n]p-dt-- Ø°v t]m-bn- ap-Jw- Xp-S-®p-sIm≠v a-S-ßn--h-∂p-.- sN-dn--bt-- _-Kv A-t∏m-gpw- s\-t©m-Sv tN¿Øp--Xs∂ ]n-Sn-®n-´p-≠m--bn--cp-∂p-.- h-en-b_m-Kn¬ \n∂v G-tXm- Cw•o-jv amK--kn≥ h-en--s®--SpØv A-hƒ Im-ep-Iƒ _¿Øn¬ \o´n--h®v _m-Kn¬ X-s∂ Nm-cn--bn--cp∂v t]-Pp--Iƒ shdp-tX- a-dn-®p--sIm≠n-cp-∂p-.- 3-9-,-4-0ko‰p--If-- n¬ I-dp-Øp--XS-- n® Ip-td]´m--f-°m¿ C-S-°n-S- h∂v bm-{X--]-d™v t]m-bvs°m-≠n--cp-∂p-;- h∂p-t]m--bh -- s-- c√mw- A-hs-- f--t\m°n- aµ-lk -- n-°p-∂p-≠m--bn--cp-∂p-.- A-hf-- m-sW-¶n¬ Im-WmØ `m-hw- \-Sn®v am-Kk -- n≥ hm-bn-°p-∂X -- p--t]m-se- angn--If-- \ -- -°n-. tIm´--bØv A-[n-Iw- t]-cp--an-dßn!- H∏w- 4-0- se- ]´m--f-°m--c\ -- pw-,A-bm--fn--d-ßp--tºmƒ \n-Jn--en-s\cq£--am--bn--t\m°n- Ip-d-®p--t\-cw\n∂p- ]n- s ∂;- IÆn--d p°n- ImWn®p!- Nß--\m--ti--cn--bn-epw- B-td--gp-t]--cn--d-ßn-,- \n-Jn¬ _mØvdq--an¬ t]m-bn--hc-- p--tºmƒ t_m-Kn--bn--em-sII-tÆm--Sn-®p˛ C-\n- ]Øv t]-tcm--fta- _m°n--bp-≈q-.- 3-9- se- ]´m--f-°m-c≥ \√--ab -- -°w-.- A-Xn--ib -- s-- a∂v ]-db - s - ´ A-hf - pw- a-b° - Ø - n--em--bn--cp∂p;- Cw•o-jv am-Kk -- n≥ Xm-sg-bpw!sNß-∂q--cn¬ \n∂p--Ib -- d-- n-b- km-bn-

tabv 2011

∏n--t‚bpw- a-Zm-Ωb -- p--tS-bpw- t{Sm-fn_m-Kn-s‚ i-_vZw- tI´m-Wv c≠mfpw- sR´p--b p--W ¿∂--X v ; - A- h ƒ a™--\n--d-Øn--ep≈ H-cp- Pm-dp--am-bnSu-h¬ tXm-fn--en´v sN-dn-b- _m-Kv s\-t©m-Sv tN¿®p--]n--Sn®v ]p-dt-- Ø°p--t]m--bn-.- s{S-bn≥ th-K-X- Ip-d®m-Wv Hm-Sn--s°m-≠n--cp-∂X -- v,- C-Xn--\nsS- A-tßm-´p--an--tßm´pw- t]m-bh -- ¿ ]-ec - pw- \n-Jn--en-s\- X-d∏ - n®v t\m°p∂p-≠m--bn--cp-∂p-.- 3-9- se- ]´m--f-°m-c≥ `m-WvUs-- °-´p--Is-- fm-s° ]p-d-sØ--SpØv Ip-sd--sbm-s° hm-Xn--en-\--Sp--tØ°v sIm≠p--h®v C-d-ßm≥ sd-Un--bm--bn-.- t]m-bX -- p--t]m--se--b√ Ahƒ Xn-cn-®p--h-∂X -- v˛ ap-Sn--sbm-s° No-In--an--\p°n- ¢n∏n-´v,- s]m´n´v IsÆ-- g p-- X n- , - Xn- f - ß p- ∂ - N m- b wNp≠n¬ ]q-in- B-I∏ - m-sS- H-cp- Nm\¬ kpµ--cn--bm-bn- am-dn--bn--cp∂p!- 3-9se- ]´m--f° - m--c≥ \-jvSt-- _m--[t-- Øms - S--bm-Wv am-th--en-°c-- b -- n--dß - n--bX -- v.- Ahƒ°v C-S-°n-sS- t^m¨ h-cm≥ Xp-Sß - n-,- C-SX -- p--ssI--sIm≠v t^m¨ sN-hn--bn¬h®v h-eX -- p--ssI--sIm≠v hm-bs-- ]m-Øn--]n--Sn-®m-Wv A-hƒ kwkm--cn-®n--cp-∂X -- v,- h√--t∏m-gpw- \n-Jn--ens\- H-fn™v t\m°p∂p-ap≠m--bn--cp∂p-.- A-SpØ t_-bn¬\n∂v kmbn-∏n--t‚bpw- a-Zm-Ωb -- p--tS-bpw- D®Øn--ep≈ i-_vZw- A-hf-- p-sS- a-\  - nse- `o-Xn- Ip-db -- v°p-∂p-≠m--bn--cp-∂p.- \n-Jn--en-s‚ A-Sp-Øn-sS- H-cp- hmcn--Ib -- n¬ hm-bn® In-\m-hpw- IÆocpw F∂ s]Æp-ßf-- p-sS- A-\p--`-h--Ip--dn-∏p--If-- n¬ ]-d™ ˛ A-hn--hm--lnX - b -- m-b- 2-2- Im-cn-sb- k-lb -- m--{Xn--I≥ s{S-bn--\n¬ ]o-Un-∏n-®Xpw- ap-Jws]mØn- I-c™ A-ht-- fm-Sv \n-s‚ kuµ--cy--am-Wv C-Xn--s\m-s° Im-cW -- -sa∂v ]-d™v A-bmƒ A-SpØ t_m-Kn--bn--te°v t]m-b-Xpw- Hm¿a-h∂p! Im-bw--Ip--fØv s{S-bn≥ \n∂p˛

amknI

A-hƒ \n-da-- p≈ Np≠p--Iƒ Aa¿Øn- Nn-cn-°p∂ `m-h-Øn¬ hen-b- _m-Kv tXm-fn--en´v sN-dn-b- _mKv s\-t©m-Sv tN¿Øp--]n--Sn®v \-S∂p--\oßn-;- s]-s´∂v F-t¥m- a-d∂ - p-h-®X -- m-bn- `m-hn®v _m-Kv 3-9-˛mw_¿Øn¬ h®v A-Xn¬ Nm-cn--bn-cp∂p!- F¥n--\m-tWm- 2-0- an-\n-´n--e-[n-Iw- s{S-bn≥ s]-cn--\m-Sv ]n-Sn-®n´n--cp-∂p-,- C-Xn--\n--Sb -- n¬ A-hƒ°v aq∂p--\m-ev t^m¨ h∂p- h-eX -- p-ssI--sIm≠v hm-b- s]mØn-∏n--Sn-®pX - s-- ∂--bm-Wv A-t∏m-gpw- A-hƒ kwkm--cn-®X -- v,- s]-cn--\m-Sv F∂v ]-et-- ∏mgpw- DØcw- sIm-Sp-°p--tºmƒ Ahƒ \n-Jn--en-s\- H-fn--IÆ - n´v t\m°p-I-bpw- an-\p--ka-- p≈ A-[c-- -߃ hnc--ep--IƒsIm≠v X-tem--Sp-∂p--ap-≠m--bn-cp-∂p-.- t_m-Kn--bn¬ a‰p--i_ -- vZ-ß-sfm∂pw- tIƒ°m--\n√ km-bn-∏ns‚ Iq¿°w- h-en- H-gn®v! sIm√--sa-Øn˛ A-hƒ Nm-Sn- FWo‰p-;- {U-s m-s° X´n- t\-sc--bm°n-,- t^m¨ sN-dn-b- _m-Kn¬ h®v sN-dn-b- _m-Kv h-en-b- _m-Kn¬ h®v tXm-fn¬ Xq°n- \-S∂ - p--Xp--Sß - n-.- s]s´-∂m-Wv \n-Jn--en-s‚ ssI- Ahƒ°v t\-sc- \o≠--Xv˛ ssI-bn--en-cp∂ sN-dn-b- Ip-dn∏v hmßn- Ahƒ hm-bn-®p--t\m°n- 9-8-4-6-4-2-2-0-1-2!Ku-ch -- Ø - n--em-Wv A-hƒ tNm-Zn-®X -- ˛v F¥n-\v? A-bmƒ ku-ay--\m-bn]-d™ p˛ ho´n¬ t]m-bn- A—s‚ ssI-bn¬ sIm-Sp-Øn´v F-\n°v \µn--]d-- b -- m≥ ]-db -- -Ww ˛ A—≥..- .-.-. F∂v ]-Xn-sb- ]-d-™h -- ƒ Ip-\n™v IÆp--Iƒ Xp-S®v \-S-∂p-\oßn!!- \n-Jn¬ hm-Xn¬h-sc- Ah-sf- A-\p--Ka-- n®p-;- Aßv ap-If-- n¬ sh≈n--Io--dn-b- B-Im--iØ - n-se- \£-{X-߃ A-bm-sf- t\m°n- Nn-cn-®p.- A-bmƒ \£--{X-ßsf- t\m°ntNm-Zn®p- \nßfpw- D-d° - a-- n--f®v Ahƒ°v Im-hm--en--cn-°b -- m--bn--cp-t∂m-?!


kmtIXw

{]km-[\w

62

amknI

tZiawKew cmaIrjvW≥

ÿ m - \-am-\߃°pwkzm¿∞em-`߃°pw- th≠n- kzbw- N-Xn°p-gn-sbm-cp°p-Ib - m-Wv ae-bm-f- F-gpØp-Im-cs - \∂v {]-ap-JI-hn-bpw- tIm-gn-t°m-Sv k¿h-I-emim-e- F-an-dn‰kv s{]m-^-k-dp-am-btZ- i - a w- K - e w- cm- a - I r- j v W ≥ ]d™p-.- Fw-.-sI- l-cn-Ip-am-dn-s‚ Bflm-b\ - ßfp-sS- J-km°v F∂ hn-a¿i-\I - r-Xn-bp-sS- t]-cn-ep≈ ]Xn-\m-dm-a-Xv A-hm¿Up-Iƒ a-c-Sv \yq¢n-b-kv am-fn-ep≈ Un-.-kn- _pIvkv tjm-dq-an¬ tN¿∂ N-Sßn¬ hn-X-c-Ww- sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p- At±lw-. F¥n-\v F-gp-Xp∂p-sh∂v FgpØp-Im-c≥ kz-bw- tNm-Zn-t°≠ k-ab - a - m-Wn-X.v - ]-eX - c - w- sI-Wn-Iƒ C∂v s]m-Xp-Po-hn-XØn¬ cq-]s∏´n-cn°p∂p-.- Cu- sI-Wn-I-fnte°v B¿Øn- t bm- s S]m™SpØp-sIm≠n-cn°p∂ At\-Iw- F-gpØp-Im-sc- C∂v ImWmw-.- C-h¿ F¥pw- sh´n∏n-Sn°m\p≈ X-{X∏m-Sn-em-Wv.- a‰p≈h-cptS-Xpw- C-h¿ A-]l - c - n°p-Ib - m-Wv.[m¿an-Ia - m-b- h√mØ ]-X\ - a - m-WnXv . - G- X v am¿§hpw- sh´n∏nSpØØn-\m-bn- D-]-tbm-Kn°p∂p-.C-Xv A-[-:-]-X-\Øn-te°m-Wv \bn°p∂Xv.- A-h\ - h - s - \Øs∂ NXn°mØ {]-hrØn-I-fn-eq-sS- {]Xn-Iq-e-am-b- A-hÿI-fn¬ \n∂v am-dn-\n¬°m-\m-Wv F-gpØp-Im¿ Xøm- d m- t I≠Xv . - tZ- i - a w- K - e wNq≠n°m´n-,- am-Xyp- s\√n°p∂v A-[y£X- h-ln® tbm-KØn¬ G-gm-t®cn- cm-aN - {- µ≥ (-K‘am-Z\ - w)-,- {]-k∂cm-P≥ (-\Ωp-sS- hn-a¿iI-cn-se-{X- k-lr-Z-b-cp≠v)-,- {io-Ipam-cn- cm-a-N-{µ≥ (-]p-e®n¥v)- kt¥m-jv ]m-em- (-Hm¨sse≥ I-hnX-Iƒ)- \n-jm- Pn- (-{]n-kw- Hm-^v eu-)- F∂n-h¿ A-hm¿Uv G‰phmßn-.- Fw-.-sI- l-cn-Ip-am¿ B-apJ-{]-`m-j-Ww- \-SØn-.- k-t¥m-jv ]m-em-bp-sS- I-ayq-WnÃv ]® F∂ I-hn-Xm-k-am-lm-cw- am-Xyps\√n°p∂Xn-\v \¬In- tZ-i-aw-Kew- cm-a-Ir-jvW≥ {]-Im-i-\w- sNbvXp-.

tabv 2011

FgpØpImc≥ kzbw NXn°pgnsbmcp°cpXv tem- I Øv hy- X y- k v X - a m- b e£y- h pw- am¿K- h p- a p≈Xm- W v Bflm-b-\ßfp-sS- J-km°v Ahm¿sU∂v l-cn-Ip-am¿ ]-d™p-.C- X v s]m- X p- a q- e y- t _m- [ - s Ø ]n¥mßn- Po-hn°p∂ A-hm¿U√.am- [ y- a ßfp- s S- k¶ev∏Ønep≈Xp- a √.- k- a q- l Øn¬ aqey߃ D≠m-hp-I-bpw- A-Xv hyhÿbm-hp-I-bpw- sNøp∂Xn¬ km-ln-Xy-hpw- ]¶p-h-ln°p∂p-.F∂m¬ A-Xn-\v t{]-c-I-am-Ip∂ Im- g vN∏m- S p- I - s f∏‰n- kw- i bßfp≈Xp- s Im≠m- W v Ahm¿Uv F∂Xv ]-W-a√ F∂ Xocp-am-\Øn-seØn-b-Xv.- ]p-kvX-IwA-ea - m-cb - n¬t∏m-bn- NØp-In-S°m\p≈X√.- A-Xv h-cpw-Im-e- hm-b\°m- t cm- S v kw- h m- Z w- \- S tØ≠Xp≠v.- h≥In-S- A-hm¿Uv FÃmªn-jvsa‚p-I-fp-sS- iq-\y-amb- km-ln-Xy-hy-hÿm-]n-X- tamlßsf- \n»_vZ-am-bn- F-Xn-cnSp∂ kz-`m-hw- Bflm-b-\ßfp-sS-

J-km°v A-hm¿Un-ep≠v.- Iq-Sp-Xepw- sN-dp∏°m¿°m-Wv C-Xv e`n®n´p≈Xv.- Cu- A-hm¿Uv ÿnc-{]-Xn-jvT-bp-sS- N-cn-{X-sØbpwbp‡n-sb-bpw- \n-cm-Ic - n®p-sIm≠v kz- b - s am- c p- {]- X n- j v T - b m- I p- I bmsW-∂v l-cn-Ip-am¿ ]-d™p-. B- \ - b pw- Aºm- c n- b p- a m- b n\m´p-cm-Pm°∑m¿ \-S∂p-\oßptºmƒ A-]i - I - p-\a - m-bn- am-dn-bn´mbm-epw- R߃s°m-cp- hy-Xy-kvXk- a o- ] - \ - a p- s ≠∂v A- d n- b n°ms\¶n-epw- C-Xn-eq-sS- I-gn™p-.- Ign™ ]-Xn-\m-dv h¿jw- sIm≠v AºXn-te-sd-t]¿°v Cu- ]p-ckv°m-cw- sIm-Sp°m≥ I-gn™Xv hn-Pb - a - m-W.v - Bflm-b\ - ßfp-sS- Jkm°v F∂ Ir-Xn-bp-sS- `m-jt- bmtSm- B-Jym-\k - a - o-]\ - t- Øm-tSm- Chn-S-sØ ]-cºcm-K-X- hn-a¿i-I¿ Im-cy-am-bn- {]-Xn-I-cn®n´n√.- A-XpsIm≠v Cu- A-hm¿Un-s‚ K-dn√mbp≤hpw- G-sd- {]-k‡am-Wv lcn-Ip-am¿ ]-d™p-.

Ahm¿UpZm\ NS-ßn¬ Fw.sI lcn-Ip-am¿, tZi-aw-Kew cma-Ir-jvW≥, kt¥mjv ]me, amXyp s\√n-°p∂v F∂n-h¿


kmtIXw

IhnXIƒ

63

amknI

BcymSv hmkptZh≥

Xp∂¬°mcn A\nb≥ Ah¿Ω

Xp∂¬®{IØns‚ PohnX XmfØn¬ kqNnbnepS¬ tIm¿Øv \o Xp∂nbsX{X thj߃. ad∂p \n\s°mcp thjw. At∏mtg°pw Cu bm{¥nI thjw AcmWn{X IrXyambn \n\°p Xp∂nbXv.

IÆmSn AXmWv sXs°m-cn-SØv Hcmƒ ssZh-{]-Xn-jvTbv°v Acpƒ sNbvXXv F√m-bn-SØpw aW-hm-´n°p am‰p Iq´p-hm≥ am≥ t]S-an-gn-Iƒ \¬In Xo¿∏p-I-ev]n-°p-∂Xv apSn-b-g-In\v I´nw-Kn\pw tjhnw-Kn\pw klm-bn-bmbn am\y-X-bpsS a\w ab-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv CS-bvs°m-cn-SØv Cubhpw sNºpw tN¿Øv Danbpw atcm-´n-sb-Æbpw Iq´n sXfn®v BtKmf {]ikvXn t\Sp-∂Xv Bsc-¥p-c-®mepw Nßm-Xn-sb-°m-◊m≥ F\nbv°v Ahiyw th≠Xv as‰m-∂p-a-√.

tabv 2011

am[hn°p´n°v kn.]n N{µ≥

a

ebmfØn≥ lcnXm`amw sXmSnbnse \o¿amXf®n√bn¬ IqSp°q´nØna¿Øp ]mSnb Ipbnte hnS, Ft∂°pambv B¨tImbvas°mSn bpbsc]d∂oSpao kmlnXotZiØp \o s]¨IcpØn≥ {ioXpfpºpagImbv aghn¬ \ndIm¥nbmbv GggIn≥ kzch¿ÆcmPn hnXdntXtPmabs∏m≥ t]\bm¬!


kmtIXw

64

64

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sIm®n SkvtIgvkv tIcf sF.]n.F√n¬ {it≤bamIp∂p Zo]Iv Ipt∂¬ tabv 2011

tabv 2011

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65

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65

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U

¬ln- sU- b ¿ sU- h nƒkn- s \- b pwsIm¬°Øm- ss\‰v ssd-tU-gvkn-t\-bpw- t]m-se- sF.- ] n- . - F √n¬ ]p- I ƒs]‰ c≠p- S o- a p- I - s f- an- I ® Hmƒdu≠v {]-I-S-\Øn-eq-sS- tXm¬∏n®p-sIm≠v sIm®n- S-kvt°gvkv tI-c-f- A-h-cp-sS- sk-an- ss^\¬ _¿Øn-te°p≈ bm-{X- Xp-S¿∂Xv.- Xm-c-X-tay\- sN-dn-b- So-ap-I-tfm-Sv tXm¬°p-I-bpw- an-I® So-apI-sf- ]-cm-P-b-s∏SpØm≥ I-gn-bp∂Xpw- H-cp- So-an-s\kw- _ ‘n®n- S - t Øm- f w- t\´hpw- tIm´hpap≠m°p∂Xm-sW¶n-epw- A-h¿ ti-jn-bp-s≈m-cp- Soam-sW∂v C-Sb -- v°n--S-bv°v t_m-[y-s∏SpØp∂p≠v.- anI® So-ap-I-tfm-Sp≈ hn-P-b߃ F-t∏m-gpw- So-an-\v Bflhn-izm-kw- t\-SnØcp∂ H∂m-Wv.- C-t∏mƒ Bdmw- ÿm-\-sØØn-\n¬°p∂ A-h¿ C-\n- _m°nbp≈ H-cp-I-fn-Iq-Sn- P-bn-®m-epw- sk-an-ss^-\-enseØp-I- Zp-jvI-c-am-b- Im-cy-am-Wv.- H-cp- So-sa∂\n-ebn¬ S-kvt°gvkn-\v F-{X-tbm- ]n∂n¬ \n¬°p∂ sU-b¿ sU-hnƒkn-s\A- X pw- tk- h m- K n- s ‚ t^m-an-s\- am-{Xw- B-{ibn®p-\n¬°p∂ H-cp- Soan-s\- am-[y-a߃ h-enb- km-[y-X- I¬]n-®t∏m-gpw- S-kvt°--gvkn-s‚ hn-P-b- km-[y--XI -- -sf- hne--bn--cp-Øm≥ A-h¿ {ian-®n-√. a-tl-e- P-b-h¿≤\sb- t ∏m- s e- ]- c n- N - b kº∂\m- b - H- c mƒ \n›b-Zm¿VyØn-\pwd¨kn-\p-an-S-bn¬ i‡\m-b- H-cp- Iym-]vS\m-bn- \n¬°p-tºmƒ B¿°pw- B- So-an-s\- hne- Ip-d®p-Im-Wm≥ I-gnbp-am--bn--cp-∂n√.- G-sXmcp- I-fn-tb-bpw- am‰n-adn°m-\pw- kz¥w- h-cpXn-bn-em°m-\p-ap≈ a-

tabv 2011

tabv 2011

tl-eb - p-sS- I-gn-hv A-\ym-Zr-iy-am-Wv.- ss\‰v ssd-tU-gvkn-s\- tXm¬∏n®ti-jw- At±lw- \- S Øn- b - A- ` n- a p- J Øn¬ kqNn∏n®Xp-t]m-se- sF-.] - n-.F - √n-se- G‰hpwap¥n-b- So-ap-I-sf- C-\n-bpw- sR´n°m≥ A-h¿°v I-gn-bp-sa∂ hm°p-Iƒ hn-P-be-l-cn-bn¬ ]-d™sX∂v I-cp-Xm≥ I-gnbn√.- A-Xn-s‚ kmºnƒ am-{X-am-Wv apwss_- C¥y≥kn-t\-bpw- sN-ss∂ kq∏¿ Inw- K vkn- t \- b pwtI- a ∑m- c m- b sIm¬°Øm- ss\‰v ssd-tU-gvkn-t\-bpwc≠p-h´w- tXm¬∏n®Xv.- ]-t£ ]n∂o-Sv \-S∂ c≠p--If-- n--bn-epw- tXm‰v A-h¿ kz-bwX-cw--Xm--gv∂p-.- h√--t∏m-gpw- \∂m-bn- I-fn®m¬am-{Xw- H-cp- So-an-\pw- D-bc-- -ßf-- n--seØm≥ I-gn--bn-√. So-an-s‚ ap-gp-h≥ I-gn-hp-I-fpw- C-\nbp≈ H-cp- I-fn-bn¬ ]p-d-sØSpØm-epwsk-an-ss^-\-en-seØp-I- km-[y--a-√.- tIc-fØn¬ t]m-epw- A-{]-i-kvX-cm-b- ssd^n-bp-tS-bpw- {]-im¥v ]-ct- a-iz-ct- ‚bpw- {]I-S-\߃ So-an-\v \√ Bflhn-izm-kwD≠m-°n--sb-¶n-epw- A-Xv \n-e\ -- n¿Øm≥ Ah¿°v ]n∂o-Sv I-gn-™n√.- {io-im¥v t^man-te°p-b-cp∂ e£W߃ Im´n-sb¶nepw- H-cp- So-an-s\- hn-Pb -- n-∏n-°p∂ X-cØ - n¬ D-bc-- m≥ I-gn-™n√.- F-t∏m-gpw- H-cmƒ t^man¬ X-s∂ I-fn-°W -- s-- a∂v i-Tn-°p-∂Xpwi-cn--b-√t-- √m-.- sF-.-]n-.-F¬ t{Sm-^n-bn¬ apØw- h-bv°m-\p≈ km-[y-X- sIm®n- Skvt°gvkn-\v C-\n- F-t∏mƒ,- G-Xp- kok--Wn¬ I-gn--bp--sa∂v ]-db -- m≥ I-gn--bn-√.F¶n-epw- A-h¿ tam-i-°m--cm--sW∂v I-fn--b-dn--bm--hp-∂h -- c-- m-cpw- hn-eb -- n--cp-Øn-√.-


66

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

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kmtIXw

67

tabv 2011

amknI

ZfnXv Ihn-X-bpsS shfn-®-amWo cN-\-Iƒ. a¿±n-Xc - p-sSbpw ZpxJnX-cp-sSbpw ASn-®a - ¿Øs∏-´-h-cp-sSbpw Aa¿jhpw {]Xo-£-bp-ambn Cu IhnXIƒ Db¿∂p-\n¬°p-∂p.

Ing-°ns‚ IdpØ kqcy-≥ (Ihn-XI - ƒ) sI.kn Im´m-°S {]km-[-I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne: 95 cq

\nXy-Po-hn-X-Ønse A\¿L \nan-j-ßsf I¿Ω-Øns‚ ASn-sbm-gp-°n¬ Ah-X-cn-∏n°p∂ Pohn-X-K-‘n-bmb t\mh¬.

apc-fo-\mZw (t\mh¬) _o\ Ipgn-Øm-‰n¬ {]km-[-I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne: 60 cq

km[m-cW Pohn-X-k-µ¿`-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw AXy-]q¿h-amb hmMvabw krjvSn-°m≥ A\p-cm[m \me-∏m-´n\v Ign-bp-∂p-sh∂v {]apJ IYm-IrØv sshim-J≥ Ah-Xm-cn-Ibn¬ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p.

\m¬°-he - b - nse Ip´n-®m-Ø≥ (A\p-cm[ \me-∏m´v) hnh¿Ø\w: kptem-N\m \me-∏m´v {]km-[-I¿: ]q¿W ]ªn-t°-j≥kv hne: 70 cq

tIm¿∏-td-‰v s{Sbn-\¿, A[ym-]-I≥, ]{X-{]h¿Ø-I≥ F∂o \ - n-eI - f - n-ep≈ j¨ap-Js‚ A\p-`-h-]-cn-Nbw ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bp-ambn ]¶p-hb - ° v p∂ ]T-\ß - ƒ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw Hm^okv amt\-P¿am¿°pw D]-bp-‡a - m-Ip∂ IrXn.

s{Sbn-\nMv: F¥n\v Fßs\ (]T\w) sI.sI j¨ap-J≥ {]km-[-I¿: ]q¿W ]ªn-t°-j≥kv hne: 150 cq

Fcn-th-\-ens\ {]Xn-tcm-[n-°m≥ ]®n-e-ØW-embn s\dn-tI-Sp-I-tfmSv Ie-ln-°m≥ A£-c-°-cp-Ømbn A\p-`-h-[o-c-X-bpsS kmcmw-ia - mbn FgpØv `hn-°W - s - a∂v Bin°p∂ Ihn-bpsS at\m-lc Ihn-X-Iƒ.

ag-tØm‰w (Ihn-XI - ƒ) ]n.sI tKm]n {]km-[-I¿: en]n ]ªn-t°-j≥kv hne: 65 cq

A\-h[n alm-flm-°-fpsS t]mcm-´-Øns‚ ^e-am-bmWv \h-tI-cfw ]ndhn sIm≠-Xv. XymtKm-÷z-ehpw BZ¿i-k-º-∂-hpamb GXm\pw alm-flm-°-fpsS Pohn-X-I-Y-sb Np-cp°n {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p∂ Poh-N-cn{X IrXn.

\h-tI-cf inev]n-Iƒ Pohn-X] - Y - Ø - n-eqsS (Poh-Nc - n{Xw) Sn.sI IrjvWI - p-am¿ {]km-[-I¿: ]q¿W ]ªn-t°-j≥kv hne: 200 cq


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68

amknI

]pXnb ]pkvXI߃ B-Kt- cm-Ky-sØ°p-dn®p≈ A-an-Xm-Imw-jI - ƒ B-tcm-KyØn-\v lm-\n-I-c-am-Wv.- tIm-f-dm-Zn\߃ \Ωp-sS- \n-Xy-Po-hn-XØn¬ A-dntb≠h-bm-Wv.- B-tcm-Ky-Im-cyØn¬ i-cn-bmb- Zn-im-t_m-[-ap≠m°m-\pw- \√ io-e߃ h-f¿Øm-\pw- D-]b - p‡am-Wv Cu- Ir-Xn-.- C-\nbpw- hn-I-kn®n´n√mØ \Ωp-sS- B-tcm-Ky-imkv{X-im-J-bv°v H-cp- ]pØ\p-W¿hm-Wv CuIr-Xn-

\ΩpsS PohnXsØ Nqgv∂p\n¬°pIbpw tNmZyw sNøs∏Sm\mhmØsX∂v \mw IcpXpIbpw sNøp∂ ssZhhnizmkw aXw, PmXn XpSßnb hnjbßsf Hcp ]{¥≠phb pImcn ChnsS hnNmcW sNøp∂p.

tabv 2011

tImfdmZn\߃ (BtcmKyimkv{Xw) tUm. thWp tXm∂bv°¬ {]km[I¿: {]`mXv _p°v lukv hne : 160 cq]

acp∂p]pc´m≥th≠n apdnhp≠m°p∂bmƒ (IY) AΩp {]km[I¿: Nn¥m ]ªntjgvkv hne : 40 cq]

ioXnIcn® apdnbnse em]vtSm∏n\p≈nepw Dd°Ønepw IqsS sIm≠p\S°p∂ samss_¬t^mWnepw IÆpw Icfpw Dd∏n®v BZ¿it_m[an√mØ kaImenIPohn XØns‚ s]m≈Øc߃°v IrXyamb Xm°oXmWv Cu IrXnIfneqsS _√ \SØp∂Xv.

Hm¿as®∏nse ]®acw (IhnXIƒ) {io[c≥ F≥. _√ {]km[I¿: {Ko≥ dqw ]ªnjnßv lukv hne : 60 cq]

Im-eØn-s‚ bp≤k-am-\-am-b- `m-h߃ \nc¥cw- I-el - n®p-W¿Øp∂ ]u-cm-Wn-IX - b - psS- ]p-\¿Nn-{X-Ww- {]-Wb-cm-in-bn¬ ]-Sc - p∂ knµq-cw- t]m-se- \-ap°v ap∂n¬ B-te-J\w- sNøs∏´n-cn°p∂p-.-

kz]v\`q]Sw (t\mh¬) sI. Zneo]v Ipam¿ {]km[I¿: ssIcfn _p°vkv hne : 120 cq]

s\mt_¬ kΩm\tPXmhmb \yq´v lmwk Wns‚ hnJymX cN\. kv { Xoa\ ns‚ BflssiYneyhpw KmV{]Wbhpw ka\zbn°p∂ t\mh¬.

hnIvtSmdnb (t\mh¬) \yq´v lmwk¨ ]cn`mj: tPmfo h¿Kokv {]km[I¿: Nn¥m ]ªntjgvkv hne : 70 cq]

PohnXØnse BIkvanIamb kw`hß ƒ°v hymJym\w Nabv ° p∂ t\mh¬. IpSpw__‘Øns‚ ssiYneyw hy‡n Isf _m[n°ptºmgp≠mIp∂ `hnjy ØpIƒ Cu t\mhen¬ hnhcn°p∂p.

BcmWv A]cm[n (t\mh¬) hnPbIpam¿ hnPbmebw {]km[I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne : 40 cq]


kmtIXw

69

amknI

]pXnb ]pkvXI߃

tabv 2011

A‘hnizmkw, A\mNmcw, AXym{Klw, Zpc F∂o hn]ØpIƒs°Xnsc Ip´nI tfbpw apXn¿∂htcbpw Hm¿as∏SpØp ∂XmWv CXnse IhnXIƒ.

ap≠Is‚ bmKw (_me IhnXIƒ) Ipkpwjem¬ sNdmbn {]km[I¿: ]cn[n ]ªnt°j≥kv hne : 40 cq]

PohnXkwL¿j߃°nSbneqsS Hcp bm{X. t\mhenÃn\v hn´pt]mb `mKw ]qcn∏n°m\mbn hmb\°m¿°p≈ Ahkcw.

hn´pt]mb`mKw ]qcn∏n°pI (t\mh¬) cma]pcw ]n kpKX≥ {]km[I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne : 50 cq]

ssltd©ns‚ _nw_kar≤nbv°nSbn¬ IhnXbpsS au\ap{ZnX t\{Xßsf XgpIn IS∂pt]mIp∂ hmIv{]`mhw Cu IhnXbnep≠v.

Nqc¬ (IhnXIƒ) B‚Wn ap\nbd {]km[I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne : 35 cq]

F{X ]cn{ian®mepw ]cnlcn°s∏SmØ PohnXkwL¿jßfpsS ImgvN Cu IhnXIfneqsS. IhnXbpsS almh\ ØneqsS {i≤tbmsS k©cn°p∂p A\n¬ IpcymØn.

km£bn√mØ hmXn¬ (IhnXIƒ) A\n¬ IpcymØn {]km[I¿: ]cn[n ]ªnt°j≥kv hne : 50 cq]

`mjbnepw Oµ nepw Iem]camb Hu∂Xyw ]pe¿Øp∂ Cu IhnXIƒ klrZbcnte°v Ffp∏w IS∂psN√p∂p.

`hnjyw (IhnXIƒ) a\p awKew {]km[I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne : 60 cq]

ssZ\wZn\PohnXØn\nSbnse sIm®p sIm®p kw`hßsf lrZb ss\¿aey tØmsS hc®nSp∂ Cu IYIƒ°v \√ ]mcmbWkpJap≠v.

Ifn∏mhIƒ (IYIƒ) Fw.Fkv PbIpam¿ {]km[I¿: skUv sse{_dn hne : 40 cq]


kmtIXw

70

amknI

IØpIƒ

C¥y≥ ]mkvt]m¿´v sF.Fkv.sF hn¬°p∂p _yqtdm{Iknbpw cmjv{Sob°mcpw ssItIm¿Øv cmPyØn\v ]pdØv \SØp∂ AgnaXnbpsS as‰mcp sR´n°p∂ apJamWv _lvssd\n¬ \S°p∂sX∂mWv Cu teJ\Øn¬ \n∂pw a\ nem°p∂Xv. CXv kw_‘n® Hcp sNdphm¿Ø FhnsStbm hmbn®Xmbn Hm¿°p∂p. Hcp cmPyØns‚ G‰hpw kp{][m\amb Hcp ÿm]\sØ kzImcyh¬°cn®v AXphgn In´p∂ tImg∏Whpw t]m°‰nen´v \S°p∂ `cW°msc Xpd∂pIm´pIbmWv teJ\w. hnLShmZnIƒ°pw, `oIc{]h¿ØI¿°pw C¥ybnte°v hcm\pw t]mIm\pw Ahkcw krjvSn°p∂ ]mkvt]m¿´v I®hSw cmPysØ FhnsS sIms≠Øn°psa∂v Hcp \nanjw t]mepw Nn¥n°msX kzImcyhev°cWØns‚ adhn¬ \S°p∂ Cu I®hSw \ΩpsS cmPysØ Zp¿_eam°m≥ {ian°p∂h¿°p≈ i‡amb hmXmb\amWv. CXnepw aebmfnIfpsS km∂n[yaps≠∂ hm¿Ø \sΩ BsI e÷n∏n°p∂p. A[zm\ioecmb aebmfnIƒ temIØns‚ GXptImWnepw Ds≠∂Xv A`nam\ambncp∂p. AhcpsS km∂n[yw `oIc{]h¿ØI¿s°m∏ hpaps≠∂dnbptºmƒ thZ\ tXm∂p∂p. \qdpiXam\w km£cXbpw ]ptcmKa\ Nn¥mKXnbpw h®p]pe¿Øp∂ aebmfn ]pdtIm´p k©cn°pIbmWv. sI h’e≥, CSh

_lvssd\nse I®hSw C¥y≥ Fw_knbpsS Hu´vtkmgvknwKv GP≥knbn¬

tabv 2011

tabv 2011

\S°p∂ sR´n°p∂ hnhcßfSßnb teJ\w a\ n¬ Hcp t_mw_p hoW {]XoXnbmWp≠m°nbXv. Fw_knbpsS koeS°w Cu GP≥kn btYjvSw D]tbmKn°p∂p F∂dnbptºmƒ cmPysØ kvt\ln°p∂h¿°v sR´mXncn°m≥ Ignbn√. kzImcyhev°cWØns‚ adhn¬ Fs¥√mw sIm≈cpXmbvaIfmWv \S°p∂sX∂v cmPyw `cn°p∂h¿ IÆpXpd∂p ImWWw. _lvssd≥ F∂ sIm®pcmPyØn\v Hcp ‘tIcfm’ ep°msW∂v ]e kplrØp°fpw ]d™t∏mƒ B cmPytØmSpw HcSp∏w AdnbmsX D≠mbncp∂p. ]t£ AhnsS \S°p∂ tZihncp≤ {]h¿Ø\߃ hmbn®t∏mƒ apºp≠mbncp∂ F√m ASp∏hpw Hcp \nanjw Aen™pt]mbn. temIØn\v samØØn¬ Iq´°pg∏w D≠m°m\p≈ Ahkcw AhnsS Xpd∂pInS°p∂p F∂dnbptºmƒ AhntSbpw sF.Fkv.sF Xs∂bmtWm `cn°p∂sX∂v ]dbm≥ tXm∂p∂p. ‘N{µ\nepw amS°S’ \SØp∂ aebmfn°v Ct∏mƒ CjvShnjbw `oIc{]h¿Ø\amsW¶n¬ aebmfn°v aebmfn Xs∂ ]mc]Wnbp∂psh∂v Xncn®dnbpI. \nc⁄≥, ae∏pdw

I≈∏WØn\v kpKa ]mX C¥ym°mcpsS I≈∏W\nt£]w 65 e£w tImSnbntesd hcpsa¶n¬ Chsc√mw tN¿∂v Hcp kam¥c k¿°m¿ Xs∂ \SØpIsb∂t√ a\ nemt°≠Xv. \ΩpsS ap∂n¬ sken{_n‰nIfmbn sRfn™pIgnbp∂ hº∑msc√mw Cu \nt£]Ønse IÆnIfmWv.

Chsc ]nSn°m≥ k¿°mcn\msW¶n¬ Hcp Xmev]cyhpan√. kp{]owtImSXn Bh¿Øn®mhiys∏´t∏mgmWs√m CØc°mcpsS Hcp enÃv F¶nepw hmßnsh®Xv. I≈∏Ww \nt£]n°s∏´ hntZi_m¶pIƒ°v \nt£]IcpsS hnhc߃ Xcm≥ aSnbn√. Nnesc√mw AXv \evIpIbpw sNbvXp. ]t£ k¿°mcn\v AXv shfns∏SpØm≥ Xmev]cyan√, F¥mWv Imcysa∂v F√mh¿°pw Adnbmw. t\Xmhmbn a{¥nbmbn kpJn®p\S°p∂hcptSbpw ]q®v ]pdØpNmSpw. ]ns∂ Cßs\ au\nbmbn Ccn°m\t√ {]Ya a{¥n°v Ignbq. {]Xn]£sØ hº≥ I£nIƒ°pw Xmev]cyan√. ]ns∂ B¿°pth≠n shfns∏SpØWw. teJ\Øns‚ A¥:kØ \∂mbncp∂p. Cßs\ FgpXWw. FgpXns°mt≠bncn°Ww. Hcp \mƒ F√mw ]pdØphcpw. ctaiv _m_p aÆpØn, Xr»q¿

Ca (C‚¿\mjW¬ an\n aqhn tat°gvkv Atkmkntbj≥)

{lkz kn\nam{]h¿ØIcpsS A¥mcmjv{S kwLS\bmb Ca FdWmIpfØv tjm¿´v ^nenw s^Ãnh¬ kwLSn∏n°p∂p. ap∏Xv an\n´v hsc ssZ¿Lyap≈ tjm¿´v ^nenw, tUmIypsa‚dn, ayqkn°¬ B¬_w, Iymºkv ^nenw F∂nhbmWv ^nenw s^Ãnhen¬ Dƒs∏SpØp∂Xv. 300 cq]bmWv F≥{Sn ^okv. At]£Iƒ e`nt°≠ Ahkm\XobXn 2011 Pq¨ 15. ss]ØpcpØn AÆ√q¿ (X]m¬) KpcpXn∏me ˛ 680 731 Xr»q¿, tIcf t^m¨: 9745306457, 9249250075


71

Im¿´q¨

tabv 2011

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI

lcn NmcpX


72

\n\°v Rm≥ kz¥w

tabv 2011

tabv 2011

kmtIXw

amknI

Im¿´q¨: Pn. lcn


73

tabv 2011

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74

tabv 2011

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75

tabv 2011

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76

tabv 2011

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May 2011