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Factors that Affect Bone Health Calcium in diet A diet low in calcium causes: – Reduced bone density – Increased risk of fracture – Early and steady bone loss Vitamin D – Synthesized in the body exposed to adequate sunshine – Aids in absorption and utilization of calcium Physical activity – Improves and maintains bone mass – Reduces risk of fractures

Substance abuse: Tobacco, alcohol and drug abuse, coffee – Reduces bone mass – Increases risk of fractures Gender – Women (post menopausal) more at risk than men Age – Bone weight starts reducing after 30 yrs of age – Can and must be improved with physical exercise

Genetic reasons You are at higher risk of osteoporosis if you are – White Caucasian or Asian by race – Have a parent, sibling or close relative suffering from osteoporosis Hormone levels – Too much thyroid causes bone loss in both genders – Lower testosterone in men can increase bone loss – Lower estrogen in post-menopausal women can increase bone loss Certain ailments Patients of the following conditions are at higher risk of bone loss – Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia – Surgery of the stomach (gastrectomy) and weight-loss (bariatric surgery), hysterectomy – Crohn’s disease, Celiac’s disease and Cushing disease

Certain medications Long-term usage of certain medicines can cause bone loss – Cortico-steroidal drugs – Drugs used to inhibit breast cancer – Anti-seizure medicines Reproductive Health – Pregnant and lactating women suffering from any of the above factors – Irregular periods during the reproductive age

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Factors that affect Bone Health  

Factors that affect Bone Health