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TRANSIT NEWS Vol. No.1 Issue: 1

October 22 - October 28, 2012

www.transittimesmag.com/newsletter

W

Policy

T’ HA

DMRC's controversial Rail Route

S IN

Finance JICA likely to fund Pune Metro project Chennai Metro Rail Speeds Up

Project Updates KMRCL to get a new set of Board of Directors Kolkata Metro – 'Being Green’ Mumbai's missing Metro Link found

Around the World Nepal to witness $3.88 billion metro railway project

News & Announcements Coffee, Laundry, Shop, Eat – all in Bengaluru Metro Delhi Metro goes Global Metro DPR has wider choices – 3

Ed

... Weekl yE ition dit

INTRODUCTORY ISSUE

ion...

We e k ly

alternative alignments

For subscribers only

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October 22 - October 28,2012

1

Expert’s Peek

“De-congestion and Convergence have become the keywords of the era !”

Transit News is a weekly newsletter on the Urban Transport System

Sanjay Gupta Mr. Sanjay Gupta Executive Chairman, MEGA Co. Ltd.

With pressing deadlines and increasing business requirements, high speed mass transit mechanisms are the absolute need of the hour and Decongestion and Convergence have become the keywords of the era. Infrastructure and urbanization is key to any developing nation. In the last decade the need for basic infrastructure including the urban transport has grown in leaps and bounds. India has recorded a growth of over 300 times per capita income within a period of sixty ve years; i.e. from 1947 (INR 249.6) to INR 84,800 in August 2012 and likely to reach to INR 5,30,000 by 2025 keeping the Dollar rate pegged at = INR 53. The transportation scenario in India is interesting enough. Due to the lack of integrated mass public transport systems, personalised modes of transport and the Para transit modes come to play a signicant role in providing transportation solutions within the cities, however in medium and small size cities, the intermediate public transport services acquire a signicant role in meeting the transport demands of the citizens. A deep dive into the mechanism helps us understand and gauge the current developments and we realise that manufacturing and service industries are the key drivers behind India's growth with a strong participation coming from the private sectors. Increase in the growth of owning personal vehicles have risen annually by 12%. Lack of proper urban transport infrastructure, congestion on roads have also increased manifold. Mass rapid transit systems should be planned for the cities with a 'million-plus' citizens. Systems like Monorail, Light Rail, Metro Rail, Commuter rail are the need of future cities connecting the residential hubs to the economic centres. As per the 2011 census, there are at least 53 such 'million- plus' cities in India. The need for a good public transportation system is increasing by almost 10% every year. With new governmental policies and initiatives, commuters within cities that currently have a population of more than 2 million can look forward to more comfortable and safe rides; provided the state governments are willing to opt for modern Metro or Monorail networks for intra-city travel. In the next 10 years, India will invest approximately INR 2 lakh crores in the Metro and its allied Monorail systems to enable a faster, smoother and better Mass Rapid Rail Transit system.

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October 22 - October 28,2012

2

Policy DMRC's controversial Rail Route Amid concerns over the issue that the DMRC (Delhi Metro Rail Corporation) is allegedly being kept out of the Rs 52-billion Kochi Metro Rail system, a Centre-State project, Oommen Chandy, Chief Minister, Kerala asserted that the next meeting of the board of directors will take a call on the issues to begin works at the earliest. The meeting convened by the chief minister earlier was to convey State government's decision to the Union Ministry of Urban Affairs on handing over the work to the DMRC. It also aims at putting pressure on the Central government to relax certain norms imposed by the Central Vigilance Commission with regard to handing over project works to consultants of the same work. The foundation of CVC was recently laid by Dr. Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister. The high-level meeting was attended by the chief minister, the transport minister, KMRL Managing Director Elias George and Finance Secretary V.P. Joy.

The Cabinet decision follows a letter written by former DMRC managing director E Sreedharan to the Centre and State and to KMRL saying there were no problems in handing over the project to DMRC. The Central Vigilance Commission norms go against awarding the contract to agency that served as a consultant for the project. To counter this the DMRC retorted that it has been ofcially associated only with preparing the detailed project report for the Metro. However, DMRC currently serves as an executing agency as well as a consultant to the Metro Project in Jaipur. The Rajasthan Government had engaged the DMRC for the preparation of the DPR for the Jaipur Metro. The DMRC is now executing the project on deposit terms, Sreedharan said. Yet another issue surrounding the project is the stand taken by JICA insisting on international bidding. Despite the decision of getting DMRC to execute the project, many areas for awarding the same were unclear as the meeting was not able to come to a conclusion whether the observation of the Supreme Court in the 2G case relating to adopting of tender route

Sreedharan said, “The CVC guidelines are basically for engaging private consultants a n d c o n t ra c t o r s a n d n o t between two government agencies. Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd (RVNL), a PSU under the Ministry of Railways, prepared the DPR for lines 3, 4 and 5 of t h e Ko l k a t a M e t r o. T h e Ministry of Railways has now engaged the RVNL for implementing the project on deposit terms. The Defence Ministry has engaged the DMRC for the underground work costing around Rs 1,500 crore for the preparation of the DPR as well as for the construction on a nomination basis,” Sreedharan said. He further pointed out that, in 2011, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) engaged the DMRC for preparing the project report for a tunnel at the Delhi Airport and later the DMRC was engaged in executing the project. DMRC sources were quoted as saying that the DMRC itself is in the favour of inviting the Global Tender to execute the project provided that the global rm has an Indian partner. E Sreedharan, principal advisor, DMRC stated that the DMRC is the only India based agency that has a proven track record to construct metro rails cost effectively and in a time bound manner. The Japan International Cooperation Agency has strongly asserted that it will deny a loan at 1.50 per cent interest if there is no global tender. However, Mr. Sreedharan mentioned that the agency had promised to provide the loan if the DMRC was associated with the project. He also stated that the CVC norms will not be applicable here as the contract is between two government agencies. It has been pointed out that if the DMRC is entrusted with the work without oating a global tender, t h e J I C A f u n d s m ay b e f o r t h c o m i n g . Sreedharan said that the DMRC will have to go through the bidding. A collective decision by the 10 member board is now awaited that can take a unilateral decision considering all the issues surrounding the metro project. The rst phase of the metro rail - 22-station, 25-km in Kochi is to be completed by 2016. An SJP Research

Sreedharan said, “The CVC guidelines are basically for engaging private consultants and contractors and not between two government agencies. Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd (RVNL), a PSU under the Ministry of Railways, prepared the DPR for lines 3, 4 and 5 of the Kolkata Metro. The Ministry of Railways has now engaged the RVNL for implementing the project on deposit terms. The Defence Ministry has engaged the DMRC for the underground work costing around Rs 1,500 crore for the preparation of the DPR as well as for the construction on a nomination basis,” Sreedharan said. He further pointed out that, in 2011, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) engaged the DMRC for preparing the project report for a tunnel at the Delhi Airport and later the DMRC was engaged in executing the project.

Transit News is a weekly newsletter on the Urban Transport System

The controversy was sparked when the execution of the mass rapid transport system wa s h a n d e d o ve r t o t h e D M R C a n d stakeholders along with Aryadan Mohammed, Transport minister asserted the need to abide by the norms set by the Central Government. The reason was mainly to invite Global tenders that can help build a 4th generation metro rail in Kochi.

would bear any effect on the nal outcome.

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October 22 - October 28,2012

3

Finance JICA likely to fund Pune Metro project The Rs 2,593-crore mass transit project in Pune, modelled on the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation, will get contributions from the Centre and will be funded by the Pune Municipal Corporation and the state government. The Special Purpose Vehicle, called the Pune Metro Rail Corporation, has approached JICA (Japan International Co-operation Agency, a Government of Japan enterprise), to avail funds for the project. Meanwhile, the civic body has requested the state to appoint a high-powered committee, headed by the chief secretary, to ensure smooth implementation of the project. The state wants to complete the construction of the metro on the Vanaz-Ramwadi-Chandannagar route in the next three years. A separate line will go to the Pune airport. The metro will have its main depot at Kothrud. A government communiqué had earlier declared the metro project as "urgent". It said that the PMC has been appointed as the "executive body" to take further decisions about the project till the SPV is formed. The project requires 18.44 hectares of land to construct the depot and metro stations. With JICA chipping in for the mass transit project; Pune is all set to charter into the next level urban transit arena with its very own high speed mass transportation system. An SJP Research

Transit News is a weekly newsletter on the Urban Transport System

Chennai Metro Rail Speeds Up The Sri city special economic zone will witness the launch of the first coach from Alstom Transport based in France for the Chennai Metro Rail Project by April 2013 as quoted by Ravindra Sannareddy, Sri City, Special Economic Zone, Managing Director. On 2nd August, 2010, Rolling stock tenders were awarded for the order for 42 metro train coaches and 4 car configura ons (168 coaches) was bagged by the consor um of Alstom Transport and Alstom India. Alstom Transport is to supply 168 cars to Chennai Metro Rail Ltd. as per the contract between the two at a price of Rs. 1,471.3 crores (243 million USD.) The first deliveries will be seen by the end of 2012 while op onal and

The contract for supply of li s and escalators was awarded to the JV of Johnson Li s Pvt. Limited and China based SJEC Corpora on at Rs.198 crores. On February 1, 2011: The JV of Transtonnelstroy-AFCONS bagged contracts for underground sec ons with value of Rs 1,567 crore and Rs 1,031 crore respec vely. A JV of Chennai based Metro Tunnelling and L&T SUCG secured the Rs 705.75-crore contract for designing and building three underground sta ons and associated tunnels from Nehru Park to Pachaiyappa's College.

21 January 2011: The contract for design and construction of trackworks was awarded to the JV of L&T and Alstom for Rs 449.22-crore. The contract for supply of lifts and escalators was awarded to the JV of Johnson Lifts Pvt. Limited and China based SJEC Corporation at Rs.198 crores. On February 1, 2011: The JV of Transtonnelstroy-AFCONS bagged contracts for underground sections with value of Rs 1,567 crore and Rs 1,031 crore respectively. A JV of Chennai based Metro Tunnelling and L&T SUCG secured the Rs 705.75-crore contract for designing and building three underground stations and associated tunnels from Nehru Park to Pachaiyappa's College.

addi onal 16 metro cars will also be provided. The train sets will be equipped with air-condi oned interiors, electrically operated automa c sliding doors, regenera ve braking system.21 January 2011: The contract for design and construc on of trackworks was awarded to the JV of L&T and Alstom for Rs 449.22-crore.

According to Sannareddy, the project for making coaches for Chennai Metro Rail Project will be completed by 2014-15. The French company has set up a manufacturing u lity at Tada, SEZ, 90 km from Chennai. The Metro Industry es mates the number of train commuters in India to be 8.4 billion yearly by the end of 2012. An SJP Research

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October 22 - October 28,2012

4

News & Announcements Coffee, Laundry, Shop, Eat – all in Bengaluru Metro Bangalore Metro plans to make operational retail outlets on its Reach 1 route from Byappanahalli to MG Road by Diwali. One can now get chores done on the way including haircuts, coffee, food, and laundry. Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation (BMRC) had earlier planned to open the service outlets at ve of the six stations on the route by Dasara; however, it put off the launch owing to the effect this move may have on the ow of commuters leading to hygiene disturbances. UA Vasant Rao, General Manager (Finance), BMRC, pointed out that most of these retail outlets would have more than one passenger waiting in queue to avail services which may disturb the ow of commuters moving ahead to the concourse levels of the stations. That's why the retail outlets have been asked to give presentation to convince the authorities that their operations wouldn't cause any obstruction to the movement into and out of paid areas in the station.

Rao stated that at least three or four shops will be in each Metro Station. BMRC has already lined out top names of salons, express laundry services, eateries and pharmaceutical retail chains. However, monopoly of a particular service for all stations is strongly discouraged. Then again, it depends on bidding of particular services of all stations. An SJP Research

Delhi Metro goes Global Delhi Metro Railway Corporation has undertaken a joint venture with 8 international companies to successfully carry out the Metro project in Indonesia. The Government of Indonesia has awarded the rst phase of 'Management Consulting Services' for Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit System comprising of 15.7 kilometres. According to ofcials 15.7 km stretch in Jakarta would have 13 stations, seven elevated and six underground. The other international companies include Padeco and Oriental Consultant from Japan, PT Public Private Partnership from Indonesia, PT Ernst and Young Advisory Services, PT Indotek Engineering Jaya, Seneca Group from the US, PT Pamintori Cipia and Lambaga Management.

DMRC is also on the lookout to bag similar projects in upcoming Metros in Sri Lanka, Israel and Bangladesh according to a senior ofcial in DMRC. Currently, DMRC is consulting on major metro projects in the country including Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennail. It is also supervising another construction work of 9.25 km long metro corridor in Jaipur.

An SJP Research

Metro DPR has wider choices – 3 alternative alignments Metro Rail in Delhi sees expansion. The detailed project report of the Metro has suggested three alternative alignments for the Tri-city. The construction of the Metro will affect the Tricity, apart from Chandigarh, the governments of Haryana and Punjab too are involved in the project. The alignment within Chandigarh remains the same; however, there is some difference in the peripheral areas. The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation (DMRC) has recommended one of the alignments for the Tri-city. However, the station loads and peak loads for all the three alignments have been calculated. A presentation of the alignment has been given to city and state representatives of the city and certain stations are added at the recommendations of the states. The recommended route for the Metro Rail is the one where the North-South corridor runs from Capitol Complex to Gurdwara Shaheeda while the East-West corridor is from Transport Terminal, Mohali, to Grain Market in Panchkula. Around 30 Metro stations have been planned on the route. The route is termed alternative 2. Two more routes have been suggested. In alternative 1, the North-South corridor is the same as in alternative 2. The EastWest corridor starts from PGI and ends at Grain Market, Panchkula. The stations at Transport Terminal, Mullanpur, Sarangpur and Khuda Lahora are not considered here. In alternative 3, the North-South corridor extends to Mohali sectors 79, 81, Knowledge City, IT City and Chhat village. In the rst phase, the East-West corridor is upto Gurudwara Shaheeda that can be extended upto Aerocity if needed, according to the Metro report. A UT Administration ofcial said that three alternatives have been suggested and the nal approval is awaited from the Centre. The station load for each of the alternatives has been listed out by the report. The minimum station load in the two corridors has been calculated for alternative 1 while the maximum station load has been calculated for alternative 3. In the North-South corridor, for alternative 1, there would be 1,38,852 passengers per day, for alternative 2, it would be 1,43,510, and for alternative 3, it would be 1,46,332. For the East-West corridor, the peak station load for alternatives 1, 2 and 3 would be 1,38,814, 1,48,994 and 1,53,631 respectively.

Transit News is a weekly newsletter on the Urban Transport System

The Swami Vivekananda Old Madras Road route would not have retail outlets. Prospective bidders have faced stringent technical checks before the nancial aspects in the tender process were considered.

DMRC will be responsible for the nalization of the organizational structure of the Jakarta Metro including recruitment, development of training facilities, and training for employees of different categories in order to commence the operation. It had earlier prepared an implementation study for the Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit System.

An SJP Research

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October 22 - October 28,2012

5

Project Updates KMRCL to get a new set of Board of Directors

Kolkata:

The cabinet has approved to transfer the new metro project to Railways. Kolkata Metro Railway Corporation Limited is now being asked to prepare a draft for a fresh memorandum of understanding (MOU) to be signed between urban development, state government and the railways. After a request from Mamata Banerjee, chief minister, west Bengal, the transfer of the project to the u n i o n ra i l wa y ministry that currently runs the existing metro services in the city was approved. However, parliament sanction is required for the approval. KMRCL is currently framing the Fresh Articles of Associations and MOU that will replace the ones signed in 2008.

Transit News is a weekly newsletter on the Urban Transport System

B. P. Gopalika, the state appointed MD will no longer hold his statutory powers. The Public Enterprise Selection Board (PESB) would select a new set of directors for KMRCL. KMRCL, a JV between the West Bengal Government and the Union urban development ministry is developing the East West metro project connecting Howrah and the Salt Lake. Earlier the WB government and the Union urban development ministry had 30 per cent and 25 per cent stake in KMRC, respectively. The balance 45% the project cost was loaned by the Japanese Bank of International Cooperation (JBIC). An SJP Research

however, experimentation inside the station with solar lights has already begun. Sources said, power is already being saved at Metro Bhavan and substations where solar panels are already functional. Protyush Ghosh. DGM, Metro Railway pointed out that power costs were bound to rise as other rates are expected to increase. All trains currently in use need electricity. Since, most of their stations are underground and require electric lighting and adequate ventilation, other expenditures needed to be minimized. Even the employees have been asked to save electricity. The current POA includes saving Rs. 4 lakh (1% of existing expense)each month. With time better ways to minimize expenditure will be sought. Once all measures are in place, not only carbon credits will be earned, but the overall nancial health of the rst Metro in the country too shall improve. In 2011-12, the Metro had to spend Rs. 311 to earn Rs. 100 since they cannot haul freight and do not have much scope for commercial publicity leaving only one option open – cost cutting. Freezing fare increase has also affected the situation badly. Another important issue here is to consider the supply of required power for smooth running of services after other network become operation by 2012-16.

An SJP Research

Mumbai's missing Metro Link found Mumbai: Mumbai's rst metro rail will be soon bridged now that the talks between the trustees of Jama Masjid at Andheri and MMRDA have been successful. A senior MMRDA ofcial was quoted as saying that the representatives of the Jama Masjid situated outside Andheri railway station understood the consequences of having a missing link on the route and agreed to the stand of the MMRDA. According to the discussions, the authorities have decided that the mosque's temporary shed and a portion of the mosque's minaret will pave way for the Metro Rail's VersovaAndheri-Ghatkopar corridor.

Kolkata Metro – 'Being Green’ Kolkata Metro has been facing a high rise in electricity bills after installation of air-conditioned rakes. The Railway Board has consented the Metro authorities to now use solar panels and LED lamps that will cut down the cost and help earn carbon credits. A metro ofcial was quoted as saying that out of the total Rs. 5 crore monthly expenditure nearly Rs. 2 crore is utilized for operating the train. The remaining is for power supply to the station, administrative buildings and car sheds. Moreover, air conditioned rakes nearly consume double units of power than conventional ones. Now, with plans to introduce more of AC services, the cost is bound to rise way higher than anticipated earlier.

Currently, for legal purposes documentation work is underway. Upon completion of the documentation, the Right of Way (RoW) will be handed over to Mumbai Metro One Private Limited (MMOPL) led by the Reliance Infrastructure led.

The installation of solar panels at administrative buildings and LED lamps at stations has already begun. The near future wouldn't see trains being operated on solar panels;

The only pending RoW issue now left is of Maheshwar Temple at Asalfa, which if not resolved on time, the MMOPL might begin partial Metro operations soon.

In return, the development authority will pay compensation for carrying out the plastering work.

An SJP Research

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October 22 - October 28,2012

6 Around the World

towards implementing the plan in ten years after thorough analysis.

Nepal to witness $3.88 billion metro railway project

Furthermore, the study indicates the total length of KMR to be around 77 kms, 11 kms longer than preliminary inception report's reckoning. A total of ve railway lines of which one would encircle the existing ring road, while remaining four will be traversing through the Kathmandu city in four directions. The study suggests developing two railway lines underground and three elevated lines above the ground owing to u n s u p p o r t i v e underground soil and heavy cost emanating from necessary land acquisitions.

Kathmandu, Nepal will witness a metro railway project of 27.35 km long Ring Road line, which connects different locations according to a feasibility report carried out by two local and 5 Korean companies. The consortium was appointed by the nearly 10 months ago which includes Korea Transport Institute, Chungsuk Engineering Company, Kunwa Consulting and Engineering Company, Ko r e a R a i l N e t w o r k Authority and two local companies - BDA Nepal P r i va t e L i m i t e d a n d EMRC Private Ltd. The collective sum of Rs 60.5 million has been paid to these rms for completing the study. There are other modality options also suggested; however, the report strongly recommends Government Subsidy to implement the project seriously in the stipulated time period. Each commuter will need to pay Rs. 20 to Rs. 30 per ride; however, no light was shed on how the investment would be recovered by the Study team during the government meeting.

The preliminary inception report that was approved by the government in March, 2012 too had outlined ve major lines to connect the entire Kathmandu through a mass rapid transport system, Metro Railway. Other lines will be underground. The government has planned to develop KMR with the ai8d of froering investment under build-own-operate- and transfer model. For speedy development, Investment Board of Nepal will oversee the project.

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COMING SOON !

An SJP Research

Transit News is a weekly newsletter on the Urban Transport System

Rajeshwore Man Singh, Superintendent Engineer, at the Department of Railway said that once the complete feasibility report is received, the Government will take steps

The 27.35 km long Ring Road line, which connects different locations between kalanki, Satdobato, Chabhil and back to Kalanki, will be elevated as per the feasibility report study. Similarly, the lines that connect Maharajgunj and Satdobato and Kalanki to Koteshwore and Gongbu to Kalanki will be elevated.

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