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DISPLAY SYSTEMS

/n { /* SOURCE: CITY TOWER, MANCHESTER < /> 08 GRID SYSTEMS < /> DISPLAY FONTS DESIGNED BY KATRINA SAWYER */ }


0000 0001

/n { /* ARCHITECTURAL GRID SYSTEMS: 01: ‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’ 02: ‘NEW YK ST DISPLAY’ 03: ‘COVELL DISPLAY’ 04: ‘PCB DISPLAY’ */ }

/n { /* PATTERN-BASED GRID SYSTEMS: 05: ‘SSEM DISPLAY’ 06: ‘TURING DISPLAY’ 07: ‘MERCURY DISPLAY’ 08: ‘ATLAS DISPLAY’ */ }


ARCHITECTURAL GRID SYSTEMS

0000 0011

/n { /* 1-4 > THE FOLLOWING GRID SYSTEMS USE THE STRUCTURE OF THE CITY TOWER AS THE FOCUS FOR NEW FORMS. */ }


0000 0101

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01

/n { /* CREATING AN IMAGEBASED GRID FROM THE ARCHITECTURAL STRUCTURE OF THE CITY TOWER. THE CITY TOWER WAS BUILT IN 1959-65, ORIGINALLY NAMED ‘SUNLEY HOUSE’. IT IS ONE OF THREE BUILDINGS THAT FORM THE PICCADILLY PLAZA COMPLEX IN THE CENTRE OF MANCHESTER. STANDING AT 107M TALL, THE TOWER IS ONE OF THE TALLEST BUILDINGS IN MANCHESTER WITH 30 FLOORS.

*/ }


0000 0110

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01 > PROCESS


0000 0111

GRID SYSTEM 01 > PROCESS

30

/n { /* THE GRID FOR SUNLEY DISPLAY FOLLOWS THE STRUCTURE OF THE BUILDING, 30 ROWS (FLOORS) AND 11 COLUMNS. THE 6TH COLUMN ACTS AS THE LINE OF WINDOWS DOWN THE MIDDLE OF THE TOWER, BECOMING THE CENTRE POINT FOR THE LETTERFORMS. 11

*/ }


0000 1000

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01 > PROCESS

/n { /* 30 X 11 */ }


0000 1001

GRID SYSTEM 01 > PROCESS

/n { /* THE GRID CREATES LONG AND THIN LETTERFORMS, SIMILAR TO THE STRUCTURE OF THE TOWER. */ }


0000 1010

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01 > SPECIMEN


0000 1011

GRID SYSTEM 01 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* SUNLEY DISPLAY A-Z LOWERCASE (2020) */ }


0000 1100

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01 > SPECIMEN


0000 1101

GRID SYSTEM 01 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* NUMBERS AND PUNCTUATION SUNLEY DISPLAY (2020) */ }


0000 1110

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01 > APPLICATION


0000 1111

GRID SYSTEM 01 > APPLICATION


0001 0000

‘SUNLEY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 01 > APPLICATION


0001 0001

GRID SYSTEM 01 > APPLICATION


0001 0011

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02

/n { /* CREATING A IMAGEBASED GRID FROM A DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVE OF THE CITY TOWER. THE CITY TOWER IS SITUATED IN THE CENTRE OF MANCHESTER. IT HAS TWO ENTRANCES FROM NEW YORK STREET AND PICCADILLY GARDENS. THIS PUTS THE TOWER DIRECTLY NEXT TO TRAVEL SERVICES SUCH AS MANCHESTER’S METROLINK STOP ‘PICCADILLY GARDENS’. */ }


0001 0100

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > RESEARCH

/n { /* THE MANCHESTER BLITZ IN 1940 DESTROYED THE CITY’S INFRASTRUCTURE. WORLD WAR II WAS A MAJOR FACTOR IN DRIVING INNOVATION INTO ARCHITECTURE THROUGH POST-WAR MODERNISM.

/n { /* URL: HTTPS://WWW.FLICKR.COM/ PHOTOS/GMPOLICE1/75627 05162 */ }

BEFORE BEING DESTROYED IN THE BLITZ, THE CITY TOWER STOOD AS PARKER STREET WAREHOUSES. IT WAS REBUILT AS PART OF THE PICCADILLY PLAZA IN 1959. THE STRUCTURE QUICKLY BECAME A LANDMARK OF THE CITY’S SKYLINE. */ }


0001 0101

/n { /* URL: HTTPS://WWW. NORTHWESTENGLAND.PHOTOS/ DOWNLOADS/PICCADILLYGARDENS-BUS-STATION-2/ */ }

GRID SYSTEM 02 > RESEARCH

/n { /* TRANSPORT LINKS CAN BE FOUND DIRECTLY UNDERNEATH THE CITY TOWER NEXT TO THE PICCADILLY GARDENS ENTERANCE. */ }


0001 0110

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > PROCESS

/n { /* CITY TOWER, NEW YORK ST, MANCHESTE, M1 4BT PLOTTING THE SKELETON STRUCTURE OF THE CITY TOWER WHEN STOOD ON NEW YORK STREET. */ }


0001 0111

GRID SYSTEM 02 > PROCESS

/n { /* THE GRID PROVIDES THE COMMON PERSPECTIVE OF THE TOWER WITH 28 ROWS AND 7 COLUMNS. */ }


0001 1000

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > PROCESS

/n { /* THE LETTERFORMS BECOME HOW WE TEND TO SEE THE BUILDING IN REAL LIFE. */ }


0001 1001

GRID SYSTEM 02 > PROCESS


0001 1010

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > SPECIMEN


0001 1011

GRID SYSTEM 02 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* NW YK ST DISPLAY A-Z LOWERCASE (2020) */ }


0001 1100

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > SPECIMEN


0001 1101

GRID SYSTEM 02 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘O’ */ }


0001 1110

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* NUMBERS NW YK ST DISPLAY (2020) */ }


0001 1111

GRID SYSTEM 02 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘2’ */ }


0010 0000

‘NW YK ST DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 02 > APPLICATION


0010 0001

GRID SYSTEM 02 > APPLICATION


0010 0011

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03

/n { /* CREATING A GRID FROM THE ARCHITECTURAL DETAILS OF THE CITY TOWER. COVELL, MATTHEWS & PARTNERS DESIGNED THE CITY TOWER IN 1959. THE DECORATIVE USE OF DIAGONAL DETAILS CAN BE FOUND THROUGHOUT THE BUILDING’S STRUCTURE. IN PARTICULAR, THE BASE OF THE CITY TOWER CUTS DIAGONALLY TO HELP WITH STABILITY. */ }


0010 0100

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SOURCE


0010 0101

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SOURCE


0010 0110

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03 > PROCESS

/n { /* A 3 X 4 ISOMETRIC GRID IS CREATED TO HIGHLIGHT THE DIAGONAL STRUCTURES FOUND THROUGHOUT THE ARCHITECTURE. */ }


0010 0111

GRID SYSTEM 03 > PROCESS

/n { /* A MAIN DIAGONAL FEATURE CAN BE FOUND AT THE BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF EACH LETTERFORM TO REFERENCE THE DIAGONAL BASE DETAIL OF THE TOWER. */ }


0010 1000

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SPECIMEN


0010 1001

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* COVELL DISPLAY A-Z LOWERCASE (2020) */ }


0010 1100

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘V’ DIAGONAL FEATURES: BASE AND INDENT */ }


0010 1101

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘X’ DIAGONAL FEATURE: BASE */ }


0010 1110

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* NUMBERS AND PUNCTUATION COVELL DISPLAY (2020) */ }


0010 1111

GRID SYSTEM 03 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘:’ & ‘;’ */ }


0011 0000

‘COVELL DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 03 > APPLICATION


0011 0001

GRID SYSTEM 03 > APPLICATION


0011 0011

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04

/n { /* CREATING A MODULAR GRID SYSTEM FROM THE DECORATIVE PATTERNS FOUND ON ARCHITECTURE. THE OPPOSING WALLS OF THE CITY TOWER ARE COVERED WITH DESIGNS BASED ON CIRCUIT BOARDS, A PROUD NOD TOWARDS MANCHESTER’S ACHIEVEMENTS WITH COMPUTER SCIENCE. THE PATTERNS ARE MADE OF COMMON CIRCUIT SHAPES, PROVIDING A DECORATIVE INTEREST TO THE BUILDING. */ }


0011 0100

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < RESEARCH

/n { /* IN 1963, HAROLD WILSON GAVE A SPEECH AT THE LABOUR PARTY CONFERENCE WHERE HE HE FAMOUSLY REFERRED TO THE “WHITE HEAT OF TECHNOLOGY”, IN REFERENCE TO THE MODERNISATION OF THE BRITISH INDUSTRY.

/n { /* URL: HTTP://PUBLICPOL ICYPAST.BLOGSPOT. COM/2016/03/AHUND RED-YEARS-OFHAROLD-WILSON.HTML */ }

HE EXPLAINED THAT IF THE COUNTRY WAS TO PROSPER, A “NEW BRITAIN” WOULD NEED TO BE FORGED AS THE CURRENT SCIENTIFIC PROGRESS WAS THE KEY TO ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ADVANCEMENT. */ }


0011 0101

GRID SYSTEM 04 < RESEARCH

/n { /* THE TEXTURED DESIGN ON THE CITY TOWER IS BASED OFF CIRCUIT BOARDS. COMPUTERS CONTAIN CIRCUIT BOARDS (PCB) THAT CONNECT ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS USING CONDUCTIVE PATHWAYS, TRACKS OR SIGNAL TRACES. */ }


0011 0110

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < PROCESS

/n { /* THE VISUAL SYSTEM IS BASED AROUND A 4 X 4 SQUARE GRID. */ }


0011 0111

GRID SYSTEM 04 < PROCESS

/n { /* THE MODULAR SHAPES ARE A SIMPLIFIED VERSION OF THE LINES, BLOCKS AND DIAGONAL DETAILS FOUND IN THE PATTERNS. */ }


0011 1000

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < PROCESS


0011 1001

GRID SYSTEM 04 < PROCESS

/n { /* THE SHAPES VARY IN SIZE AND ARE USED HORIZONTALLY AND VERTICALLY TO CREATE EACH LETTERFORM. */ }


0011 1010

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN


0011 1011

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* PBC DISPLAY A-Z LOWERCASE (2020) */ }


0011 1100

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN


0011 1101

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘X’ */ }


0011 1110

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* NUMBERS PBC DISPLAY (2020) */ }


0011 1111

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN


0100 0000

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* PUNCTUATION PBC DISPLAY (2020) */ }


0100 0001

GRID SYSTEM 04 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘;’ */ }


0100 0010

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < APPLICATION


0100 0011

‘PCB DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 04 < APPLICATION


PATTERN-BASED GRID SYSTEMS

0100 0101

/n { /* 5-8 > THE FOLLOWING GRID SYSTEMS USE THE DECORATIVE CIRCUIT PATTERN ON THE CITY TOWER AS THE BASE FOR NEW FORMS. */ }


0100 0111

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05

/n { /* CREATING AN IMAGE-BASED GRID FROM A DECORATIVE PATTERN. THE CITY TOWER WAS DESIGNED BY COVELL, MATTHEWS & PARTNERS FROM 1959-65, A TIME WHEN COMPUTER SCIENCE WAS ON THE RISE IN MANCHESTER. THE OPPOSING WALLS THAT FACE OVER PICADILLY GARDENS ARE COVERED WITH DESIGNS BASED ON CIRCUIT BOARDS, A PROUD NOD TOWARDS THE FIRST COMPUTER ‘BABY’ THAT WAS MADE IN MANCHESTER. */ }


0100 1000

/n { /* URL: HTTPS://WWWMANCH ESTEREVENINGNEWS. CO.UK/NEWS/GREATER -MANCHESTER-NEWS/ BRINGING-UP-BABY HOW-1948-14819127 */ }

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05 > RESEARCH

/n { /* ‘BABY’, ALSO KNOWN AS THE SMALL-SCALE EXPERIMENTAL MACHINE (SSEM), WAS A PROTOTYPE MADE BY TOM KILBURN’S TEAM AT MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY IN 1948. IT WAS THE FIRST MACHINE TO BE MADE THAT HAD ALL THE COMPONENTS OF A MODERN COMPUTER. DEVELOPED BY FREDERIC C. WILLIAMS AND TOM KILBURN, ONE OPERATION COULD TAKE UP TO 25 MINUTES TO COMPLETE. */ }


0100 1001

GRID SYSTEM 05 > RESEARCH

/n { /* PLOTTING THE SKELETON STRUCTURE OF ONE OF THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. */ }


0100 1010

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05 > PROCESS


0100 1011

GRID SYSTEM 05 > PROCESS

/n { /* AN ORTHOGONAL GRID FROM THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE TOWER. THE GRID IS DIVIDED INTO IRREGULAR SHAPED SECTIONS. */ }


0100 1100

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05 > PROCESS

/n { /* THE ASYMMETRICAL SECTIONS HELP RECREATE THE IRREGULAR STRUCTURE OF THE PATTERNS. */ }


0100 1101

GRID SYSTEM 05 > PROCESS


0100 1110

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* SSEM DISPLAY A-Z UPPERCASE (2020) */ }


0100 1111

GRID SYSTEM 05 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* SSEM DISPLAY NUMBERS AND PUNCTUATION (2020) */ }


0101 0000

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05 > SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘N’ */ }


0101 0001

GRID SYSTEM 05 > APPLICATION


0101 0010

‘SSEM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 05 > APPLICATION


0101 0011

GRID SYSTEM 05 > APPLICATION


0101 0101

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06

/n { /* CREATING A 2ND IMAGE-BASED GRID FROM A DECORATIVE PATTERN FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. COVELL, MATTHEWS & PARTNERS COVERED THE CITY TOWER WITH A REPEATED PATTERN THAT REFERS TO THE IMPRESSIVE HISTORY OF MANCHESTER’S COMPUTER SCIENCE. */ }


0101 0110

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < RESEARCH

/n { /* FOLLOWING BABY (SSEM), MANCHESTER EVOLVED THE MACHINE IN 1951 INTO ‘FERRANTI MARK 1’. IT WAS ALSO KNOWN AS MANCHESTER AUTOMATIC DIGITAL MACHINE (MADM) AS IT BECAME THE WORLD’S FIRST COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE GENERALPURPOSE ELECTRONIC COMPUTER.

/n { /* URL: WWW.BLOG.SCIENCE ANDINDUSTRYMUSEUM ORG.UK/FOLLOW-FER RANTIS-FOOTSTEPS/ */ }

IT WAS ESPECIALLY SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE OF ITS USE OF INDEX REGISTERS, AN INNOVATION WHICH MADE IT EASIER FOR A PROGRAM TO READ THROUGH A VARIETY OF WORDS IN MEMORY. */ }


0101 0111

GRID SYSTEM 06 < PROCESS

/n { /* PLOTTING THE SKELETON STRUCTURE OF ONE OF THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. */ }


0101 1000

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < PROCESS


0101 1001

GRID SYSTEM 06 < PROCESS

/n { /* AN ORTHOGONAL GRID FROM THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE TOWER. THE GRID IS DIVIDED INTO IRREGULAR SHAPED SECTIONS. */ }


0101 1010

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < PROCESS


0101 1011

GRID SYSTEM 06 < PROCESS

/n { /* THE UNEVEN GRID ALLOWS THE THICKNESS OF MADM DISPLAY TO VARY THROUGHOUT EACH FORM BUT STILL FOLLOW A SIMILAR STRUCTURE. */ }


0101 1100

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < SPECIMEN


0101 1101

GRID SYSTEM 06 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* SSEM DISPLAY A-Z UPPERCASE (2020) */ }


0101 1110

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < SPECIMEN


0101 1111

GRID SYSTEM 06 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘Q’ */ }


0110 0000

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* SSEM DISPLAY NUMBERS AND PUNCTUATION (2020) */ }


0110 0001

GRID SYSTEM 06 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘0’ */ }


0110 0010

‘MADM DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 06 < APPLICATION


0110 0011

GRID SYSTEM 06 < APPLICATION


0110 0101

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07

/n { /* CREATING A 3RD IMAGE-BASED GRID FROM A DECORATIVE PATTERN FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. COVELL, MATTHEWS & PARTNERS COVERED THE CITY TOWER WITH A REPEATED PATTERN THAT REFERS TO THE IMPRESSIVE HISTORY OF MANCHESTER’S COMPUTER SCIENCE. */ }


0110 0110

/n { /* URL: HTTP://CURATION. CS.MANCHESTER. AC.UK/COMPUTER50/ WWWCOMPUTER50.ORG/ KGILL/MERCURY/ MERCURY.GIF */ }

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < RESEARCH

/n { /* SOON AFTER ‘FERRANTI MARK 1’ (MADM), ‘FERRANTI MERCURY’ WAS CREATE IN 1954. IT AIMED TO BE PRINCIPALLY USED IN PERFORMING CALCULATIONS OF A SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL NATURE. THE MAIN CHANGE WAS TO REPLACE THE WILLIAMS TUBES WITH CORE MEMORY. THE SYSTEM REQUIRED VIRTUALLY NO MAINTENANCE AND WAS CONSIDERABLY MORE IMPORTANT FOR COMMERCIAL USERS. */ }


0110 0111

GRID SYSTEM 07 < PROCESS

/n { /* PLOTTING THE SKELETON STRUCTURE OF ONE OF THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. */ }


0110 1000

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < PROCESS


0110 1001

GRID SYSTEM 07 < PROCESS

/n { /* AN ORTHOGONAL GRID FROM THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE TOWER. THE GRID IS DIVIDED INTO IRREGULAR SHAPED SECTIONS. */ }


0110 0000

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < PROCESS

/n { /* MERCURY DISPLAY UTILISES THE SPACE WITHIN THE GRID TO CREATE A BOLD, SOLID DISPLAY FONT. LINES ARE USED ALONG THE GRID LINES TO INDICATE SPACES WITHIN THE LETTERFORMS. */ }


0110 1011

GRID SYSTEM 07 < PROCESS


0110 1100

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < SPECIMEN


0110 1101

GRID SYSTEM 07 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* MERCURY DISPLAY A-Z LOWERCASE (2020) */ }


0110 1110

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < SPECIMEN


0110 1111

GRID SYSTEM 07 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘V’ */ }


0111 0000

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < SPECIMEN


0111 0001

GRID SYSTEM 07 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* MERCURY DISPLAY NUMBERS AND PUNCTUATION (2020) */ }


0111 0010

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < APPLICATION


0111 0011

GRID SYSTEM 07 < APPLICATION


0111 0100

‘MERCURY DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 07 < APPLICATION


0111 0101

GRID SYSTEM 07 < APPLICATION


0111 0111

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08

/n { /* CREATING A 4TH IMAGE-BASED GRID FROM A DECORATIVE PATTERN FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. COVELL, MATTHEWS & PARTNERS COVERED THE CITY TOWER WITH A REPEATED PATTERN THAT REFERS TO THE IMPRESSIVE HISTORY OF MANCHESTER’S COMPUTER SCIENCE. */ }


0111 1000

/n { /* URL: HTTPS:// EN.WIKIPEDIA. ORG/WIKI/ ATLAS_ (COMPUTER) */ }

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < RESEARCH

/n { /* THE ATLAS COMPUTER WAS ONE OF THE WORLD’S FIRST SUPERCOMPUTERS CREATED IN 1962 WITH THE HELP OF MANCHESTER UNIVERSITY. IT WAS KNOWN FOR BEING THE FIRST MACHINE WITH VIRTUAL MEMORY AND USED NEW PAGING TECHNIQUES. IN THE 1960S IT WAS THOUGHT TO BE THE MOST POWERFUL COMPUTER IN THE WORLD. */ }


0111 1001

GRID SYSTEM 08 < PROCESS

/n { /* PLOTTING THE SKELETON STRUCTURE OF ONE OF THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE CITY TOWER. */ }


0111 1010

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < PROCESS


0111 1011

GRID SYSTEM 08 < PROCESS

/n { /* AN ORTHOGONAL GRID FROM THE CONCRETE CIRCUIT PATTERNS FOUND ON THE TOWER. THE GRID IS DIVIDED INTO IRREGULAR SHAPED SECTIONS. */ }


0111 1100

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < PROCESS

/n { /* ATLAS DISPLAY FOLLOWS THE GRID STRUCTURE TO CREATE A THIN BUT WIDE DISPLAY FONT. */ }


0111 1101

GRID SYSTEM 08 < PROCESS

/n { /* THE DIAGONAL DETAIL FEATURES SUBTLY THROUGHOUT THE FONT. */ }


0111 1110

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ATLAS DISPLAY A-Z LOWERCASE (2020) */ }


0111 1111

GRID SYSTEM 08 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘Q’ & ‘K’ */ }


1000 0000

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ‘()’ WITH DIAGONAL DETAIL */ }


1000 0001

GRID SYSTEM 08 < SPECIMEN

/n { /* ATLAS DISPLAY NUMBERS AND PUNCTUATION (2020) */ }


1000 0010

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < APPLICATION


1000 0011

GRID SYSTEM 08 < APPLICATION


1000 0100

‘ATLAS DISPLAY’

GRID SYSTEM 08 < APPLICATION


1000 0101

GRID SYSTEM 08 < APPLICATION


/n { /* END */ }


/n { /* ‘DISPLAY SYSTEMS’ IS A PROCESS BOOK TO CELEBRATE AND EXPLAIN THE VISUAL SYSTEMS BEHIND 8 DISPLAY FONTS, INFLUENCED BY THE MANCHESTER CITY TOWER. THE BOOK EXPLORES WAYS OF REFRAMING HISTROICAL FORMS AND STRUCTURES FROM FROM ICONIC ARCHITECTURE. THE DESIGNS RELATE TO MANCHESTER’S ICONIC MODERNIST ARCHITECTURE, 1960S COMPUTER SCIENCE AND HAROLD WILSON’S POLITICAL ENTHUSIASM FOR TECHNOLOGY. EACH FONT’S ALOGRITHM SYSTEM BECOMING A SOURCE OF INSPIRATION FOR DESIGNERS AND ARCHITECTS. */ }

Profile for Katrina Sawyer

Display Systems  

‘Display Systems’ is publication that celebrates the process and research behind 8 display fonts inspired by the Manchester City Tower. Each...

Display Systems  

‘Display Systems’ is publication that celebrates the process and research behind 8 display fonts inspired by the Manchester City Tower. Each...

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