Cra9 -‐ Receptacles Re Make, Re use, Reﬁne
Brief My brief was to consider the idea of a receptacle. I personal when I think I of a receptacle I think of a rubbish bin or a toilet but a9er thinking about it in depth a receptacle is a object that can hold a object or substance this being anything really a garment that holds the neck or wrist or a jumper that hold the body or harness. My brief is to interpret the word receptacle In my own way using a media that I feel will represent it.
Paper receptacles To begin this project I decided to start of creaDng a receptacles by using paper and to construct it I restricted myself to Scissors, Staplers, Masking tape and a scalpel. What I enjoyed about this was that by restricDng my construcDon recourses I was limited to some designs but I was able to create a range of diﬀerent containers.
By cuKng up triangular shapes and stapling them I formed a contained receptacle with sharp edges which I feel give it a futurisDc character.
With this vessel I was inspired by petal of a ﬂower and created them out of paper layering them to form a curve shape making it able to contain a substance.
These two were created by simply creaDng strips of paper and using it by weaving it. And by doing this I created a container that resembles a basket. And the other vessel was resembled by a ﬂower and each strip is a petal.
Richard Sweeney These four sculptures have been created using paper and a form of adehesive. Sweeny quotes “When faced with a ﬂat sheet of material, there is no obvious indica8on of how it can be manipulated into a three dimensional object” from this I would take a more adapted ﬂat object and I could create a similar paper sculpture. What I like about Richard Sweeney's work is it’s formed in a shape that could also be used as a light vessel.
Octahedron. Paper & adhesive. 2006
Loosahedron II 2006
Tetrahedron. Paper & adhesive. 2006
Romy Kuhne What Kuhne has done to create her paper crockery she applied the same structure and skills in which you use for origami by creasing the paper to obtain structure that resembles your tradiDonal crockery. What I like about these pieces are the use of folding to create the crease eﬀect that is shown on the exterior of the vessels. This is what I will take from this vessel I could apply the same origami techniques in creaDng a vessel of my own.
Brian DeXmer DeXmer has created these sculpted human faces out of books he uses a stack of them and calves out the pages to sculpt a human face. I like the use of recycling old book that aren't being used and making it into a new piece of art. What I would do if I was to create something similar is to relate it to me personally maybe use books that are personally related and sculpDng a portrait of myself or a feature of my body.
Grolier, 2005, Altered set of Vintage Encyclopedias
Tab, 2005, Altered Set of Vintage Encyclopedias
These are some other piece by DeXmer they are similar to the other pieces but with these books have been sealed are the edges and then he had dissected the book creaDng the diﬀerent crevices and images which makes a enclosed vessel. What he does that I like is he takes the character and material of the book exisDng and he adapts it to show the past creators and his own work and making it serve new funcDon and show new funcDons.
TradiDonal cra9s – Elizabeth Fritsch Fritsch is a a BriDsh studio poXer who create tradiDonal ceramics such as Bowl, pots and vases. A lot of her ceramic work that she does she adds a opDcal illusion paXern onto the ceramics. What I like about her ceramic is the paXerns she uses and colours on the pots because they are bold and they really stand out. I also like the shapes of the pots especially the “ OpDcal Pot”-‐1980 As the front of the pot appears if it is a actual pot but if you turn it around the back of the pot is ﬂat it appears almost as a stone plaque which I guess gives it its name of the opDcal pot. A lot of Fritsch pots are inspired by Music, PainDngs and literature. OpDcal pot -‐ 1980
Quantum pocket -‐ 1984
Oval pot 1972
Heath Nash Heath Nash has been using recycle material to create project since he was a boy. Nash started of by making liXle things out of card and paper making origami models. Nash started recycling because he saw that it Africa it is very common to re us thing but with them it not by choice o9en. He was iniDally trying to make a statement and make people aware about recycling. This was in 2004 when he was creaDng a light sculpture for a South African arena. All of Nash materials for these two light sculpture were recycled and then wash thoroughly and were sourced from a recycling plant called footprint.
How he created his recycled light sculptures: Now each ﬂower has to be formed from a ‘ﬂaKsh’ shape into a more 3-‐ dimenional form -‐ each petal is folded in half, and individual lines are creased into each (also by hand). This forms the ﬂower, and makes it more translucent where the lines are… adding to the detail and ﬁnish of the ﬁnished piece. (So if a ﬂower has 6 petals, and there are 9 lines on each one, someone has creased 54 lines! For ONE ﬂower).
Stuart Haygarthh Haygarth has been designing and collecDng objects since 2004 and has been re using them to create amazing light sculptures. He usually collect in large quanDDes and puts them into diﬀerent categories for example with ‘Spectacle’ he had a large collecDon of glasses. What he aims to do with his work is – “assembled in a way that transforms their meaning.” – Stuart Haygarth. He create many diﬀerent types of light ﬁxtures such as insDllaDons like Tide or a chandeller like Millennium. Some of his materials are source from events so he is able to collect from them like in millennium he sourced all the party poppers from a celebraDon at a new years party for the new millennium 01.01.00. He made this piece by suspending the poppers from ropes on a line from a plaoorm above it, each rope is at a parDcular length to give the chandeller its form. And spectacle is created to form a tradiDonal Dered chandeller using over 1,000 pairs.
Fashion texDle museum – Kaﬀe Fasset ExhibiDon To get some more inspiraDon of diﬀerent forms of cra9s I took a trip to the fashion texDle museum to look as Kaﬀe Fassets work. Kaﬀe Fassets is a American cra9s man that masters Knit, Needlepoint and QuilDng. He started of his work when he was on a trip in Scotland and inspired by the landscape and colours he bought wool and started pracDcing kniKng. This was how he started of then as he grew more comfortable with it he gained new skills like needle pint and quilDng. Seeing all his diﬀerent work and the wide range of colour he used and the paXerns he was able to make was very inspiring.
Romeo & Juliet
One of Fassets pieces that really inspired me was a large hand kniXed poncho ‘Hunderwasser’. What really inspired me about this parDcular piece of work was the wide range of colour and the paXern that he has created with theses colour. With all of Fassets work I really admire the diﬀerent paXerns he creates when he knits that’s the main cra9 that I like is the kniKng although his quilDng show brighter colours his kniKng it takes a certain amount of skill to create some of them like this large poncho.
Mid-‐way tasks A9er doing some research and seeing all the diﬀerent way tat you can create a receptacle it has broadened my iniDal thoughts about what I would like to achieve. I feel that a9er visiDng the museum and seeing all of the texDle cra9s I would like to create something within that cra9. A lot of the colours and paXerns have inspired me and I am going to create something using those skills. What I am going to do next is; -‐ do some more research on texDle cra9sman's -‐ do some experiments -‐ And hopefully come up with an idea on what kind of receptacle I can make out of kniKng or crochet.
Yana Rodin Yana Rodin is a bespoke hand knit jewelry maker. She create these chains out of diﬀerent materials you can knit such as Wool, Leather and PlasDc. What interest me about her work is that it is very simple kniKng that you could also do with crochet and its just a Chain which is the kind of sDtch you do when you are casDng on your wool to the needle. ComposiDon of the necklaces where it is half kniXed and the other the wools or leather is just gathered and joint across. And the use of other material with the wool like the leather cuﬀs bounding it all together.
What I have created her is I have adopted the concept of the kniXed necklace but instead of creaDng a dangling necklace I have mad a chunky collar necklace which at the moment is something that is very popular with teen fashion. How I made this collar was by re using some old curtain Deback and unraveling it to have four shades of this golden colour that I think worked really well to give it a chain eﬀect.
Lorna WaB Lorna WaX is a student who Knits and crotchet and from that creates these diﬀerent accessories someDme that are necessary and some that are just fun and to bring people spirits up. The unnecessary accessory is what has really interested me. These cute foot cozy’s for table feet and even weirder mail box feet I thing that for the table one it can protect your ﬂooring in your home to be scratched and marked but the one outside on the mail box is pointless but I sDll really like the idea.
Another accessory that I really like of WaX’s is her accessories for iPads and laptops. They look really stylish and modern which will really appeal to a youthful audience that will probably be her main target. I could create something along the lines of this but maybe a range of phone cases.
iPad Vest Looking a WaXs work and seeing the modern contemporary case for a iPad I decided to take some humor and try something diﬀerent with my experiments. What I have done here is I have crocheted a vest shape using the treble sDtch to create the verDcal paXern I have reversed the work each Dme I have started a new row. Which creates the verDcal paXern, then I have sDtched the boXom of the vest closing it up allowing it to hold the iPad. What I like about this is it is humorous. My target audience for this case would ideally be men and I would create i9t out of neutral colours e.g. white or black. What did work with this case was that I didn't’t use a paXern or count out the sDtches so as you can tell the neck line of the vest is wonky this would be something I would reﬁne.
Ruth Cross ( Ruth Bridgeman) Is a branch of over 50 people across London who have come together to all hand knit diﬀerent household accessories and garments. What has interested me about there work is the cup cozy that they did for the company DAKS. The purpose of it is to stop you from burning your hands when the cup is hot. I thing that this is a really interesDng cra9 piece as you can do so many diﬀerent paXerns like strips and lot of diﬀerent colours and themes like kids ones or ones for baby boXles. There is also a cozy over a candle which give the same idea and again I think could work in so many diﬀerent way. The colour of wool she used makes me guess that the target audience is mainly for working class or adults cause there very minimalisDc and plain nothing to ﬂashy and fancy which I feel give it sophisDcaDon.
What I have done with this is I have taken the example from Cross’s work and I have taken the concept and used it for a cup. The cozy that I have made her has been kniXed using two balls of wool doubling it up make it feel thicker which means extra protecDon from burning your ﬁngers when holding onto a tea cup. The diﬀerence between mine and Cross is that I have added a buXon on the boXom to create a easier access for the cozy and to create a hole to ﬁt the cup handle.
IntenDons for this project Now I have done some addiDonal research into diﬀerent knit and crochet cra9s people I now have an idea of what I would like to achieve in the project . Ruth Cross work with the cup cozy really inspired me and I think I could do so much more to it like creaDng cozy not just for paper cups that will just get thrown away but for tea cups and mugs and with a diﬀerent range in cup sizes from tall mugs to small china cups there's a lot I can do with this. I feel that from these iniDal cozy's for the paper cup I can adapt them and reﬁne them to look more sophisDcated but also I would like to have some that are colorful and bold with colour. Making some that appeal to a wide audience like children and teens. I will add space for a handle on the cup and diﬀerent details such as ﬂowers.
This is my ﬁrst aXempt at crocheDng a tea cozy I decided to keep it simple by just using one colour of thread. This tea cozy for a ﬁrst aXempt was very successful I decided to use a buXon on the boXom that contrasts from the colour of the wool of the tea cozy, this works well and gives it a bit more colour and makes it look more vibrant and exciDng. I decide when I was crocheDng it I would use a simple slip sDtch then I conDnued each row with a Double crochet sDtch this is what has given it its grid like paXern.
For this tea cozy I have applied the dam methods I did for the ﬁrst tea cozy I have crochet it using a crochet needle 3.50mmand have used a slip sDch to start of each row and conDnued the rows with a double crochet. I have also added a second colour into this cozy right through the middle giving it more colour and also I used a boXom to match the colour of the contrasDng wool. A problem I have with this cozy is I didn’t connect the top of th cosy So There was a whole so I added it on at the end which makes it appear very messy. What i like most about this cozy is the colours yellow is a very neutral colour which can make this tea cozy unisex.
With my ﬁrst two aXempts to Create a tea cozy I have connected them at the top to give the tea cozy more stability and making a hook so that it is able to stay on the cup by hooking onto the top of the cup handle. Also I have aXempted to make mulD color cozy’s by adding another colour wool making a stripe. I think pone thing I will change about the cozy’s so far is the connecDon at the top. Instead of having it connected by a chain sDtch I will do as I've done for the boXom and connect it by a buXon. Also I will experiment more with colours and strips for more paXerns for the cozy’s.
What I have done with this cozy’s is I have used the new method and I have adapted the process by adding a buXon to the top of the cozy and by paying aXenDon to close detail I have made the buXon a contrasDng colour for each one so the blue wool has a green buXon and the orange wool has a blue buXon I feel that this gives the cozy more character and colour which will aXract a young audience.
To create this cup cozy I have used two diﬀerent coloured wools and I have put them together to crochet a cozy I have used a thicker crochet needle of 9.00mm and this with the doubling up on the wool has made a thick big sDch cozy. I feel that with the size needle I used I had to double up the wool of the cozy would have gapping wholes in it also I feel that a nice touch of detail with buXons really bring out a girl side the it, this cozy would mainly aXract a child audience. I feel the two colour I have used really work well together and don’t empower on another but team up to create a nice texture of colour.
this cup cozy is diﬀerent to the rest as I have used thinner wool and I have create a cozy for a taller tea cup to show a range of diﬀerent cup sizes I can do. The colour wool and buXons make this cup cozy very elegant and stylish and I think that the target audience for this cozy is for a working/Middle class. The shiny crested buXons really give it a more expensive feel and the sDtching for this cozy is very neat. This cozy has turned out very well and the triple buXons also are not just for show but also for stability.
For my ﬁnal outcome for these range of cup cozy’s I have decided to widen my audience and range for all age groups CreaDng a kids one a modern coloured cozy for teens and a simple plain minimalisDc on for the working class. although I do feel that the teen and the working class cozy's will mix I wanted to have a speciﬁc range for kids. Not a lot of liXle kids drink hot drink but I think that having a funky and colourful cozy will encourage them to drink it. It feel it will aXract them. A lot of hearts, ﬂowers, buXerﬂy’s I think are really girly and will appeal to a young female audience. These are two sketches of the kind of paXerns and layout that I would like to create for the kids cozy one with ﬂowers on it which I for girls and one that is stripped that and be for boys or girls by adding heart buXons. Colours that I could use to create the girls cozy include; Pinks, Reds, Oranges, Yellows and purples and for the boys I could use Greens, blacks, blues, Reds, browns, greys, purple. or I could do a mixture of the both of them styles strips with ﬂower or buXerﬂies on top to create a girly theme.
My aim for this was to create a cup cozy that will appeal to children these two cup cozy’s that I have created one is to appeal to girls and the other is to appeal to boys. I am very happy with my outcome because the diﬀerent colours and the added accessory to the cozy give it a real childish and feminine feel for the ﬂower cozy and the stripes and dark colours of the boys cozy make it very masculine but yet childish to appeal to a boy. For the girls cozy I made liXle crochet ﬂowers to go on the cozy which give it a girl eﬀect to do this I made a chain sDtch and connected it at the end to create the inner circle and for each petal I did three treble’s and joined it back to the work with a slip sDtch and conDnued this Dll I had a ﬂower. with the boys cozy I decided to create stripes as I felt that it was a masculine eﬀect but also it was playful so that a young boy would appeal to it. How I made the stripes was by doing a row using a double crochet sDch then doing the next row in another colour wool with a double sDch. What I feel I would like to go into more depth with is the girls cozy and maybe combined the stripes of the boys cozy with the ﬂowers of the girls cozy but make the colours more vibrant.
EvaluaDon On a whole I am very pleased with my ﬁnal outcomes for this project because my cup cozy's are very unique and diﬀerent and it would be a product that you could see on the shelves in shops like Marks and Spencer and maybe even John Lewis because they are very up market shops I feel that they are of a very high standard. I feel that I have come up with some really good designs and paXerns for cup cozy’s which appeal to diﬀerent age groups. My ﬁnal outcome was for a liXle girl and its eﬀecDveness is that it will really appeal to a girls nature and interest because of the colours used and the small detailed ﬂowers. I have used colours pink and blue I did this because many people think every girl likes pink and every boy likes blue but from that is not always true so I added blue to give it a more even distribuDon of colour and not just a solid colour but strips of blue which also gave it a striped eﬀect. I made ﬂowers to add more detail and character to the cozy which I think has worked well with the stripes on the main cozy. At the beginning of this project I hadn't made many thing crocheDng and this project really helped me push my creaDve boundaries with that sector of texDles and I feel that I has really helped me to broaden my ideas with my work and especially with this project. The ideas that I got whilst experimenDng with crochet and knit really broadened my mind and I was anble to come up with some good ideas for my cozy and the arDst that I had to give me inspiraDon were very eﬀecDve for my ﬁnal outcome and my experimental work. With my visit to the fashion texDle museum and seeing Kaﬀe Fassets work it inspired me to start kniKng and crocheDng but when I started I didn’t think about the Dme it takes to make each piece and trying to create my own paXern was tough to cause I had so falls but by the end I was able to make a unique quirky liXle crochet piece. Ruth cross was the most inﬂuenDal person for my ﬁnal piece her idea for the paper cup cozy was what started me oﬀ and made me think to create a cup cozy for ceramic cups. Ruth's work was kniKng but a9er I did one kniKng piece I realize that I preferred the PaXern and texture of outcome when you crochet. All in all I feel that this project was a success and this shows in my ﬁnal outcome. I feel that my design was original and was to the iniDal concept of the cup cozy’s for diﬀerent age ranges. During the project I did come across some diﬃculDes. One diﬃculty I came to was that with cup cozy if they were to be sold in store I would have to take into consideraDon that there are many diﬀerent cup sizes and shapes. My cozy’s that I had made were to ﬁt a standard siz cup cozy but I had to adapt some and show a range of diﬀerent sizes I could create. if I had more Dme for this project I would do some more designs and paXerns for some diﬀerent size cozy's and to appeal to a wider audience to not just age range but interests and hobbies for example; a cozy that has music notes on it to appeal to music lovers.