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Map Reproduction


Building Design


Poster Design

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Map Reproduction

Symphony Circle


Richmond Ave

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St y se Jer

Legend Road Street Green space Circle Building

Porter Ave

Symphony Circle

Lake Source: Google Map



Kleinhans Music Hall or sw ad W

St ey rs Je


St a i n lva y s n Pen

First Presbyterian Church


Scale 100ft 50 m


Symphony Circle



No rth

Rich mo nd

Circle Road Street Car Building


The Circle


ylva Penns



o r th Wadsw

n ia St

Scale 0 50 150 200 250



Legend Park Public Transportation Legend Street Road Park River Transportation Circle Bus 50 Bus 52 Bus 54

De Veaux Woods State Park

D Amelio Park

50 52

Hyde Park Legend Park

Porter Transit Circle


Olmsted Park and Park System



The Meadow Park

T he Lake Soldiers Place

Parks Link Park roads Major street and road

Forest Lawn Cemetery

Agassiz pl

River and lakes Park Circle Source: Buffalo Architecture and History website


Biewell PL

The Parade The Front

The Circle


0 1/4 2/4 3/4 1

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Building Design

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Poster Design

Erie County Zone 2 & 4 Street Walkability Score PD 356 Computing for Environmental Analysis Hannah Baldwin Ting Ting Zhang Dane Bostwik

S ymphony C ircle Circular

University at Buffalo Arichitecture and Planning PD360


After the Circle was redesigned in 1874, it served as a circular parth way such as Ferry Circle, Colonial Circle, and Soldiers PL in Buffalo parkways system. They linked Front Park and Delware Park together. Carriages and automobiles usually used Porter Ave, Bidwell Parkway and Lincoln Parkway to access those two parks. The circle was ectended, and this redesign forced the relocation of some buffalo citizen’s grave to the Forest Lawn Cemetery.



Tingting Zhang Email: Cell: 718-551-1788

Image 3 First Presbyterian Church


Image 4


References: Image:

Image 1,3,4 Photograp by Tingting Zhang(2012) Image 2--online image Anonymous.(1913). The Circle, NY. Retrieved February,19, 2012, from []


2007 map: Google map databases. (2007).Symphony Circle Buffalo NY satellte map .Retrieved January, 29,2012 from [] 1896 map: City of Buffalo Common Council. (1985). Buffalo Map, Olmsted Park and Parkway System. Retrieved January, 29,2012 from [http://www.] Digital Sanborn Maps .(1889-1990). Buffalo [Erie County, New York] (Map, Sheet 51). (1889-1990). Retrieved January,29, 2012 from reelid=reel021&lcid=5793&imagename=00233&width=591&CCSI =2078n&crop=1,11-925,710



Chuck LaChiusa.(2003). History-Symphony Circle. Buffalo as an Architecture Museum Retrieved February, 5,2012 from [] Michael Mulley. Symphony Circle. Allentown Association. Retrieved February,5,2012 from []

Image 1

“ The Circle ”

Buffalo Parkway System The circle was designed Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux in 1868, it was a part of the Buffalo Parks and Parkways System. These Park and Parkways formed the oldest coordinated in the United States.

Kleinhans Music Hall

NEW OLD Image 2

The symphony Circle was once called “The Circle.” The circle’s diameter was approximately 25-30 feet. Nearby major road include Porter Ave, Richmond Ave, North Ave, Wadsworth St, and Pennsylvania St. The circle eased the intersection traffic flow over these five roads.

T he C ircle



SAFE in our Neighborhood

Union Street

BE CAREFUL What is safe and Beauty community? Why it is impor tant for our children. The good community always provide a sustaintable livable,safe,beauty and friend environment for our life. It’s better for the children. Complete street was the basic requirement in these community.

Photograph by Tingting Zhang

Photograph by Tingting Zhang

pr es sw Ex st o ne hit e





H Mark

29th Road

29th Road


US Post Office



Section Road Major Road Local Street Expressway

143 rd



e Baysid

Cadwallader Colden Playground


Union Street Complete Street Project(31St-28 Ave)


Myung Dong Queens Libray


29th Ave

PS 214 Cadwallader Colden

e AvApartment House

Commeral Space Playground School Section Intersections


The new complete street fixes the several problems on original street. The design apply ten complete street strageties. Some provide safer environment to pedestrian. Curb extension and Curve crosswalk provide a shorter distance and easy access to the pedestrian at crossroad. Pedestrian create a brighter sidewalk environment. Other strageties benefit the bus transporters. The bus shelter and specific bus space let the people access the the bus easier and safer. Of course, the cyclist isn’t keep out of this plan. The design provides the significant bike line and new bike parking space give the cyclist a new riding experience. At last, the new complete street designs a better driving path to the motorists. The turning line separate the different driving paths. The Median Island reduces the car accident at cross road. The separated parking space and Multi meter provide a understandable parking rules.


Source from Google Map

Photograph by Tingting Zhag

Photograph by Tingting Zhang


28th Ave



This site is located Union Street at East Flushing in New York City. It is a local small community which have two elementary school and one high school nearby The specific section (red line) on the map shows a significant poor street performance in this site. The land uses nearby this section include small business, houses, and apartments, library, and playground.



Photograph by Tingting Zhang

28th Ave

Draw by Tingting Zhang

th 28

Even the Union Street have enough greening space, it does not meet the complete street standard yet. The old street design ignored the safty issue of the pedestrian and cyclist. It also puts the mass bus transporters andpedestrian in risk. Espically at night, the invisible zebra stripes shimmering light can’t protect pedestrians any more.


Photograph by Tingting Zhang

Map: Google map databases. (2007).Union Street Flushing N.Y .satellte map .Retrieved January, 29,2012 from [] Photograph: All picture photograph by Tingting Zhang Sketch: All sketches draw by Tingting Zhang Sources: Alternative Mobility [dot] Blog. Jacquelyn Renee Schneider. Retrieved March, 29, 2012 from []

After school, manykids and children spend their time at playground, and library. At night, many people eat the diner at these restaurants. Many bus transporters get home by bus. This section was a important on the Union Street, because it includes the basic shopping, and entertainment areas for the nearby neighborhoods. So, the safer and more beautiful environments is benefit the neigborhood a lot.

1 Photograph by Tingting Zhang


University at Buffalo Arichitecture and Planning PD360 Tingting Zhang Email: Cell: 718-551-1788

Photograph by Tingting Zhang

Figure 1 Cdwallader Colden playground Figure 2 Capital One Bank and Queens Libray Figure 3 Kids dangerously cross the road Figure 4 Local small shops and buisiness.


2 Photograph by Tingting Zhang


Photograph by Tingting Zhang

Draw by Tingting Zhang



Art Zone

798 Art Zone is a rebirth artistic community which developed by 2001. It has innovated from a group of 50 years old military industrial buildings to an artistic community. 798 Art Zone, as a significant area in China, has also been compared to Greenwich Community and SoHo in NYC. The art zone not only preserves the unique architecture style and rebirth the old industrial structure, but also imports the foreign artistic elements connection Figure 1 Joint Factory 718 in1960’s

Figure 2 Industrial building structure shows as specific street view Figure 1

Original industrial complex had 600,000 square meter for the whole zone. After 2001, 100,000 square meters vacancy buildings rented out and innovated. New artistic community gathered galleries, art studios, cultural companies, fashion shops and cafe etc.

Figure 2

After 2006, tourism here promotes the economic develop. However, lack of administration management let individual retailer and cooperation’s focuses too much on tourism and trade neglects to educate and emphasize the art work and historical meaning of the community.

Figure 3

Figure 3 798 Map display multi usage [Gallery & Art Center, Studio, resturant & bar]

706 Hall is a significant innovated example in the zone. It’s an Art Center now. Original German Bauhaus architectural style is farthest kept here so that a practical and contracted designing idea is perfectly presented as part of the art work. Outstandingly, high celling, arch design and huge windows maximized the natural light. Large scale art work display better in this environment. Figure 6: 798 Art Zone Site Map

Figure 4: High arch industrial building use as art gallery

Figure 4

Figure 5: Original High arch industrial building

200 ft

Figure 6

100 m

Unlike Heritage Discovery Center site future innovation, 798 Art Zones doesn’t have a specific program or plan. The whole community develops and expend by various individual artists, retailers, cooperation’s and non-profit organizations. They rented innovated the area by their own. These are even no administration center among the community.

PD 450SEM Environmental Design Workshop 3 Comprehensive Projects and Processes Instructors: Hiro Hata; Harry Warren Precedent Study Site name:798 Art Zone Partner:Chenhong Zhu [Section 1] Tingting Zhang [Section 2] Due: September, 6,2012


200 ft

Figure 7

100 m

Figure 5

Figure 7: Heritage Discovery Center Site Map

North Youngmann Commerce Center Inventory and Analysis University at Buffalo PD 473/574

Access and Regional Transportation Public Transportation • •

Public transportation is provided in the area by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority The closest bus route to the site is route number 20 which provides north-south service along Delaware Avenue in the Town of Tonawanda between the City of Buffalo and the City of Tonawanda

The closest bus stop to the site is located at the intersection of Military Road and Knoche Road

One would have to walk many miles through other commercial developments south of the North Youngmann Commerce Center site to access the site from the bus stop since crossing the CSX/Amtrak right-of way and the Youngman Memorial Highway by foot is impossible

Automobile Access • Access to the site is limited to East Park Drive which is the one main road at the south western portion of the site from E. Park Drive • There are no other right-of way connections to adjacent properties • The transmission lines’ right-of-way limits any potential access opportunities north of the site while the Amtrak-CSX railroad right-of-way is at the same grade and restricts any potentially feasible future access east of the site • Vehicular access is restricted to the west at Two Mile Creek where there is only a pedestrian/ bicycle bridge available to access the sewage treatment plant Pedestrian and Bicycle Access • A pedestrian and bicycle path, which generally runs north-south, becomes accessible from E. Park Drive by an overpass for the Youngmann Expressway to Sheridan Park and its surrounding neighborhoods • To the north and west of the site, the path provides access to the City of Tonawanda and the Niagara River’s corridor

Typography The site is an approximate 83 acreage rectangular land mass surrounded by natural and manmade features The site is situated at an approximate 600-610 feet above sea level In the early 20th century, the site was used as agricultural land By the mid-20th century, the U.S Army Corps of Engineers identified the site as a mudflat area By 1978, residual features such as trenches and troughs suggest that the site has been drained of its water features Data from infrared imagery shows that the site is predominantly bare -ground with little vegetation The North Youngmann Commerce Center site is relatively flat; however, the land generally slopes downward from the north, west, and southern exterior towards the interior.

Landuse and Zoning • • •

Surrounding land uses from the Niagara River to Military Road are all primarily industrial The site is currently zoned as WID- Waterfront Industrial District The purpose of the district is to provide a “planned district for industrial development of a manufacturing, processing and/or assembly nature, as well as wholesale and warehousing activities The Town would like to encourage the use of water-dependent or water enhanced industrial or commercial uses on land located along Niagara River The site is in the zoned area where the following uses are permitted: o Public and private parklands and trails o Boat storage facility o Light industry o Assembly of component parts o Wholesale business and storage o Warehousing and storage of goods for distribution o Public utilities o Research facilities, including laboratories and testing facilities o Business offices or medical professional buildings

Green Team: Byron Nicholas, Douglas Sangster, Kane Lee, Samantha Maldonado, Tingting Zhang

North Youngmann Commerce Center Inventory and Analysis University at Buffalo PD 473/574

Adjacent Development Project Plans want to “slow” the flow of traffic, joining properties to the east, with the west; as it currently serves as a wall towards the waterfront o Proposed change from 4-lane highway to a 2-lane highway, into a “Parkway” Would change the appearance and function of River Road o Commercial Frontage along River Road Two Mile Creek o Current position of the road creates difficulties in the accommodation of traffic needed to attract development in the area o Leaves the old road that may be repurposed into a multi-use trail network providing non-vehicular access to areas in the Riverwalk and the City of Tonawanda sidewalk network Cherry Farm Park

Spaulding Commerce Center o Undergoing infrastructure development 5335 River Road o In the process of remediation. Was previously used to hold petroleum storage tanks Potential site for development River Road Development o Primary transportation route into the area Runs along Niagara River’s edge High volume traffic

Existing community and regional plans Town of Tonawanda Comprehensive Plan (2005) o Current focus is focused on enhancement and redevelopment, rather than growth and new development. o Residential/Retail region to be located in the eastern part of town, while the western part of town would be for Industrial/Waterfront use Goals o Strive to Maintain a high quality of life and high level of services o Promote the enhancement of its neighborhoods o Strive to be a safe community o Retain a diverse stock of residential properties that meet the needs of all residents o The town would promote attractive and well-planned economic development opportunities o The Town of Tonawanda will promote a safe and efficient transportation system for all modes of transportation o The Town will support increased intermunicipal cooperation where appropriate o Will support the preservation of environmental features and the continued remediation of former waste sites o Supply a infrastructure that will be able to support sustainable land use and economic development

Process to becoming a premier community in Western New York o Streetscape projects along major corridors o Upgrades of commercial centers through façade programs for example o Overall improvements to the aesthetic quality of the town with focus upon major thoroughfares o Improvements through cooperation with adjacent municipalities o Niagra Falls Boulevard South of Sheridan drive o All neighborhoods will have a community focal point or gathering place, such as a park, playground, school, church, or shopping district. o The continued development of the Town’s linear park and trail system Town of Tonawanda Local Waterfront Revitalization Program o Restoration/Revitalization/Redevelopment of deteriorated and underutilized waterfront areas for compatible uses. o Consolidate industrial operations to maximize public access. o Encourage the location of development in areas where public services and facilities essential to such development are adequate.*

Wetland and Hypography • •

• • • • •

The site has only one area designated a wetland by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Designation is PFO1B or Non Tidal wetland (P), forested 6m or taller(FO), broad-leaf deciduous (1), and the ground is generally saturated but surface water is seldomn (B). The site more than likely contains far more wetland area than is officially recognized by the State of New York or the federal government. Phragmite species abundant on the site is known as Phragmites australis and thrives in wetland like environments. Groundwater is present. The upper most layer is located between 3.5 to 7.5 feet below the ground. The site itself is located within the Niagara Watershed Wetlands can make development difficult but are a useful source of bioremediation.

Infrastructure Limited infrastructure East Park Drive is currently the only road that provides access to and from the site The site has a bicycle path that connects to the rest of the Town and regional bicycle network. There are water and sanitary sewer lines running through the North Youngman Site; They run from the South-West border to the North-East border.

Soils Most of the Town of Tonawanda has been developed, and surface soils have been excavated, built on and disturbed. The soil conditions on the Youngman site contain the presence of hydric and potentially hydric soils. Hydric soils are lands where the water table is near the surface, and the possibility exists for seasonal wetness (standing or ponded water conditions). The Soil Survey of Erie County indicates that the majorities of the project site is underlain by pits and/or borrow areas. These areas are defined as excavated areas from which loamy material has been removed for use as fill in other areas.

Green Team: Byron Nicholas, Douglas Sangster, Kane Lee, Samantha Maldonado, Tingting Zhang

North Youngmann Commerce Center Inventory and Analysis University at Buffalo PD 473/574

Community and regional socio evonomic demogrphic characteristics

The total population of Erie County is about 921,200 people while the Town of Tonawanda only has about 73,567. Towards 1980 the population began to drop and is still until this day decreasing. The median household income for both areas is relatively the same, the median being only about a thousand dollars more when looked at regionally. The demographics when compared regionally and communally have around the same percentage.

Community and Regional Socioeconomic and Demographics Characteristics Tonawanda is one of the most populous municipalities in Erie County. Tonawanda is now facing concerns due to changing demographics and changing market forces.

Environmental quality Soil Quality • In 1992, Formerly Utilized Site of Radiation Action Program found the soil of this site contains potential radioactive material. • Later, U.S Army Corps of Engineers review the U.S Environmental Protection Agency guideline and proved the radioactive material in this site has no risk to human being. The soil need no future remediation action before the development

Water quality • Ground water in this site located at depth ranging between 3.5-7.5 feet below the ground, and flow toward west and finally discharge into the Two Mile Creek • The nearest surface water is the Two Mile Creek which evaluates as Class C water body. It can be used for fishing or other recreational facility. • However, nearby facilities drainage system may influence the water quality of Two Mile Creek.

Ecological quality Air Quality • The previous field survey by New • This site located in the Niagara Frontier York State Department of EnvironAir Quality Control Region of New York mental Conversation and New York State. They monitor several municipaNatural Heritage Program indicated 77 plant species 33 wild-species in lities in the Niagara region. • Most recent report indicate Niagara this site. Region met all six principal pollutions, • The site has five ecological communities which include landfill, borrow but the However, while the 8-hour ozone; land community, forest community, three year average did not exceed state Shrub land community, wetland or federal standards community and green space community. • The significant wetland community and forest community provides suitable environmental for variety plant and wildlife species.

Noise Level Majority noise of this site comes from the automobiles and trucks traffic on I-290, because the vehicles travel at higher speed. The Secondary noise comes from the CSX rail line and landfill operation. However, expressway traffic, CSX rail line and landfill operation does not exceed the New York State standard.

Visual and aesthetic characteristics This site surrounding by a series of properties within mixture land use which includes industrial, commercial, and residential and infrastructure. However, the surrounding has no significant or aesthetic vista or historic site, except the commercial advertising board cross the I-290.




1 5 6

Legend Project site


Visual and aesthetic characteristics N

2 3 4

Tonawanda Water Trement Residential Landfill CSX Rail Road


I-290 Expressway


Commerical Industrial


Green Team: Byron Nicholas, Douglas Sangster, Kane Lee, Samantha Maldonado, Tingting Zhang

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Planning portfolio  
Planning portfolio