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PDC INGLES 8°

English Assignment SUBJECT AREA I.H.S.

English Foreign Languages 5

GRADE START DATE DUE DATE

8th

LENGTH GUIDE TERM

III

I.

GENERAL COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT FOR THE YEAR: To understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance and to describe in simple terms aspects of his past and his environment and matters related to their immediate needs

II.

TERM COMPREHENSION ACHIEVEMENT: To Use with ease and precision the passive voice in different times and to write and participate in conversations discussing situations where who the perpetrator is unknown or when the person performing the action is irrelevant.

III.

GENERATIVE TOPIC

Were you told...? IV.

CONTENT AND SKILLS: 1. Passive Voice: Simple Present Simple Past Present Perfect 2. Participle of Irregular Verbs

V.

CONNECTION WITH OTHER SUBJECTS:

English is important to comprehend information from other subjects such as science and social studies. With that information you will get ready to understand all the different information you can find all over the world, in a second language.


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PDC INGLES 8°

VI.

VII.

RESOURCES:

• • • •

Spanish – English Dictionary. English Assignment (Includes: English exercises, handouts, content, and word banks) Pencil case. English Book and Workbook.

ACHIEVEMENT INDICATORS:

Superior Utiliza con facilidad y precisión de la voz pasiva en diferentes tiempos para escribir y participar en conversaciones discutiendo situaciones en las que quien realiza la acción es desconocido o cuando quien realiza la acción carece de importancia.

VIII.

Alto Reconoce, Comprende y participa con ayuda en conversaciones discutiendo situaciones en las que quien realiza la acción es desconocido o cuando quien realiza la acción carece de importancia. Usa el participio pasado de la mayor parte de los verbos irregulares de uso común.

Básico Reconoce la voz pasiva por escrito cuando es utilizada para discutir situaciones en las que quien realiza la acción es desconocido o cuando quien realiza la acción carece de importancia.

REQUIRED RESOURCES:

http://englishpage.com/ http://www.e-grammar.org/passive-voice/test1-exercise1/ http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-voice.htm http://www.englishpractice.com/grammar/active-passive-voice-exercise-3/#ixzz2DXYCLXuX

Bajo Se le dificulta usar la voz pasiva en diferentes tiempos para escribir y participar en conversaciones discutiendo situaciones en las que quien realiza la acción es desconocido o cuando quien realiza la acción carece de importancia. Se le dificulta reconocer y usar apropiadamente los participios de los verbos irregulares.


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PDC INGLES 8°

STANDARD

UNDERSTANDING PERFORMANCES

Edito mis escritos en clase, PASSIVE VOICE teniendo en cuenta reglas de ortografía, adecuación del Students differentiate Active and Passive vocabulario y estructuras voice. gramaticales. Contesto, en forma escrita, preguntas relacionadas a los temas que he leído.

Students recognize the structure of the PASSIVE-VOICE when used in the Simple Present.

TEACHING ACTIVITIES

Students work on ACTIVITY 1

Oral skills and feedback Listening skills

The teacher presents the OMISSION OF BY, INCLUSION OF BY and IMPERSONAL “IT” IN PASSIVE. Students follow and read the REFERENCE section.

Class participation and effort to make contributions to the topic developed.

The teacher presents the construction of the PASSIVE VOICE in the Simple present.

Adequate use of the tenses according to the situation in reference. Accuracy

Simple Present. They also use by when ATTACHMENT (Assignment 1) is allowed Students may use the ATTACHMENT1 chart. PASSIVE-VOICE when used in the Simple Past.

The teacher presents the construction of the PASSIVE VOICE in the Simple Past.

Parafraseo información que leo como parte de mis actividades Students are capable of writing and reading Students work on ACTIVITY 3. sentences using the PASSIVE VOICE in the Use of the VERB LIST académicas. Simple Past. They also use by when ATTACHMENT (Assignment 1) is needed and “it” correctly,

allowed ATTACHMENT1 chart.

Students recognize the structure of the The teacher presents the PASSIVE-VOICE when used in the Present construction of the PASSIVE Perfect VOICE in the Present Perfect. Students are capable of writing and reading sentences using the PASSIVE VOICE in the Present Perfect. They also use by when needed and “it” correctly,

ONGOING ASSESMENTS

The teacher presents the topic emphasizing on USES.

Hago descripciones sencillas sobre diversos asuntos Students are capable of writing and reading Students work on ACTIVITY 2. cotidianos de mi entorno. sentences using the PASSIVE VOICE in the Use of the VERB LIST Escribo narraciones sobre needed and “it” correctly, experiencias personales y hechos a mi Students recognize the structure of the alrededor.

DATE

Students work on ACTIVITY 4. Use of the VERB LIST ATTACHMENT (Assignment 1) is allowed ATTACHMENT1 chart.

Order and presentation


PDC INGLES 8° Students recognize the structure of the PASSIVE-VOICE when used in the Future

The teacher presents the construction of the PASSIVE VOICE in the Future

Students are capable of writing and reading sentences using the PASSIVE VOICE in the Future. They also use by when needed and “it” correctly,

Students work on ACTIVITY 5. Use of the VERB LIST ATTACHMENT (Assignment 1) is allowed ATTACHMENT1 chart. Further practice; ACTIVITIES 6-9

Simple Present. Students work on ACTIVITY 10. Students are capable of using the PASSIVE The students are NOT allowed to VOICE or the Active Voice correctly basing use the VERB LIST. their choice on the subject of the sentence. Simple Past Students work on ACTIVITY 11 Students are capable of using the PASSIVE The students are NOT allowed to VOICE or the Active Voice correctly basing use the VERB LIST. their choice on the subject of the sentence. Present Perfect Students work on ACTIVITY 12 Students are capable of using the PASSIVE The students are NOT allowed to VOICE or the Active Voice correctly basing use the VERB LIST. their choice on the subject of the sentence. Further Practice: ACTIVITIES 1315 ADDITIONAL/OPTIONAL TEACHING ACTIVITIES: Watching a movie and writing a report on it using the PASSIVEVOICE in at least 10 sentences.

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PDC INGLES 8°

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REFERENCE CONTENT 1: THE PASSIVE VOICE http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-voice.htm Active Voice, Passive Voice There are two special forms for verbs called voice: 1. Active voice 2. Passive voice The active voice is the "normal" voice. This is the voice that we use most of the time. You are probably already familiar with the active voice. In the active voice, the object receives the action of the verb:

active

subject

verb

object >

Cats

eat

fish.

The passive voice is less usual. In the passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb: passive

subject

verb

object

are eaten

by cats.

< Fish


PDC INGLES 8°

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The object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb: subject

verb

object

active

Everybody

drinks

water.

passive

Water

is drunk

by everybody.

1.1 PASSIVE VOICE The passive voice is less usual than the active voice. The active voice is the "normal" voice. But sometimes we need the passive voice. In this lesson we look at how to construct the passive voice, when to use it and how to conjugate it. 1.1.1. Construction of the Passive Voice The structure of the passive voice is very simple: subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle) The main verb is always in its past participle form. Look at these examples:

subject

auxiliary verb (to be)

main verb (past participle)

Water

is

drunk

by everyone.

100 people

are

employed

by this company.

I

am

paid

in euro.

We

are

paid

in dollars.

Are

they

paid

in yen?

not


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PDC INGLES 8°

1.2. USE OF THE PASSIVE VOICE We use the passive when: • we want to make the active object more important • we do not know the active subject subject

verb

object

give importance to active object (President Kennedy)

President Kennedy

was killed

by Lee Harvey Oswald.

active subject unknown

My wallet

has been stolen.

?

1.3 OMISSION OF BY It has been estimated that only 15 to 20 percent of passive sentences mention the agent (in a phrase with by). We do NOT normally use the by-phrase in the following cases: 1. When the agent is unknown. • My car was stolen. ( I do not know who stole it.) • This table was made in England. (I do not know who made it.) 2. When the agent is obvious or unimportant. • A lot of rice is eaten in Japan. (Obviously by the Japanese.) • Oranges are grown in California and Florida. (Obviously by orange growers.) • An incision is made around the optic nerve and the optic nerve is released. (This example is a good illustration of using the passive to emphasize a procedure or process. It is obvious that a surgeon performs the operation. What is important here is what the surgeon must do, not the surgeon himself.) 3. When we do not want to mention the agent. • The administration admitted that mistakes were made in its handling of the affair. (The administration does not want to blame anybody, or perhaps does not want to accept responsibility, so the by-phrase is not used.)


PDC INGLES 8° 4. When the agent has been mentioned previously. • Don Quixote was written by Cervantes. It was finished in 1616. (It was finished by Cervantes, who has already been mentioned.) 5. When the agent is very general. • His writings are now widely accepted and can no longer be described as controversial. (by his readers in general) • Antibiotics should not be considered as a replacement for aseptic procedures. (by doctors in general) • His theories have never been refuted or even attacked. (by anyone) WARNING!!! Some sentences change meaning when transformed into the passive. Be careful with general statements such as: • Beavers build dams. (True - This is normal activity for beavers.) • Dams are built by beavers. (False - Humans also build dams, not only beavers.) 1.4 INCLUSION OF BY The agent with by is usually expressed 1. When the agent is new information. • This is a true story and was told to me by my mother when I was a little boy. • A: I really like the red paint on your car. B: Thanks. It was painted by my friend Bob. 2. When the agent is not human. • In a shunt motor, speed is usually controlled by a rheostat connected in series with the field windings. • Most standardized tests are corrected by a computer. 3. When the agent is well known and should be included because it is important information.

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PDC INGLES 8° • The fountain in Lyon, located in front of Lyon's city hall, was designed by Bartholdi, the designer of the Statue of Liberty. 1.4.1 By vs. With By is used with the agent, whereas with is usually used to refer to a tool or instrument. • He was killed by a mob/a mountain lion/a drunk driver. • He was killed with a blunt object/a rifle/a single shot. 1.5. IMPERSONAL "IT" WITH PASSIVE When we mention the words or thoughts of people in general, we often use an impersonal "it" structure: • It is assumed that the user is familiar with cut-and-paste techniques. • It is believed that Cervantes' life as a slave from 1575 to 1580 became the source of inspiration for some episodes in Don Quixote. • It is estimated that 90% of the visible universe is composed of hydrogen. • It is expected that the student will be able to finish all the course requirements within two years. • It is known that ultraviolet radiation absorption generates free radicals in damaged cells. • It is thought that Titan, Saturn's largest moon, may possess bodies of liquid ethane. • It is understood that this application becomes a contract when signed by us.

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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 1 Mark with a P the sentences in PASSIVE voice and with an A the sentences in ACTIVE voice. 1

I ate a piece of chocolate cake.

2

The librarian read the book to the students.

3

The money was stolen.

4

They are paid on Fridays.

5

The movie is being made in Hollywood.

6

I washed my car three weeks ago.

7

His hair was cut by a professional.

8

I will introduce you to my boss this week.

9

It would have been fixed on the weekend.

10

The national anthem is being sung by Jason this time.

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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 2 Write passive sentences in Simple Present. 1. the documents / print

6. the letter / send

2. the window / open

7. the book / read / not

3. the shoes / buy

8. the songs / sing / not

4. the car / wash

9. the food / eat / not

5. the litter / throw away

10.the shop / close / not

ACTIVITY 3 Write passive sentences in Simple Past. 1. the test / write 2. the table / set 3. the cat / feed 4. the lights / switch on 5. the house / build 6. dinner / serve 7. this computer / sell / not 8. the car / stop / not 9. the tables / clean / not 10.the children / pick up / not


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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 4

Write passive sentences in Present Perfect.

1. the postcard / send

6. the trees / plant

2. the pencils / count

7. the money / spend

3. the door / close

8. the room / book / not

4. the beds / make

9. the rent / pay / not

5. the mail / write

10.the people / inform / not

ACTIVITY 5 Write passive sentences in Future with WILL 1. the exhibition / visit

6. these songs / sing

2. the windows / clean

7. the sign / see / not

3. the message / read

8. a dictionary / use / not

4. the thief / arrest

9. credit cards / accept / not

5. the photo / take

10.the ring / find / not

ACTIVITY 6 Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. Simple Present. 1. He opens the door. -

6. They don't help you. -

2. We set the table. -

7. He doesn't open the book. -

3. She pays a lot of money. -

8. You do not write the letter. -

4. I draw a picture. -

9. Does your mum pick you up? -

5. They wear blue shoes. -

10.Does the police officer catch the thief? -


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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 7 Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. Simple Past 1. She sang a song. -

6. She didn't win the prize. -

2. Somebody hit me. -

7. They didn't make their beds. -

3. We stopped the bus. -

8. I did not tell them. -

4. A thief stole my car. -

9. Did you tell them? -

5. They didn't let him go. -

10.Did he send the letter? -

ACTIVITY 8 Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. Present Progressive 1. Sheila is drinking a cup of tea. -

6. We are not playing football. -

2. My father is washing the car. -

7. He is not wearing a tie. -

3. Farmer Joe is milking the cows. -

8. Is she preparing the party? -

4. She is taking a picture of him. -

9. Are they talking about the meeting? -

5. I am writing a poem. -

10.Is she watering the flowers? -

ACTIVITY 9 Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. Past Progressive 1. We were talking about Francis. -

6. We were not painting the gate. -

2. He was playing the guitar. -

7. You were not driving him home. -

3. She was watching a film. -

8. He was not feeding the dogs. -

4. I was repairing their bikes. -

9. Was she reading these lines? -

5. They were not eating dinner. -

10.Were they carrying bags? -


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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 10 Exercise on Passive Voice Complete the sentences (Active or Passive Voice). Use Simple Present. 1. He (sell) cars.

6. He (take) his medicine every day.

2. The blue car (sell) .

7. Jane (take / not) to school by her father.

3. In summer, more ice-cream (eat) than in winter.

8. We (go) to school by bus.

4. She (call) her grandparents every Friday.

9. She (work / not) for a bank.

5. The letters (type).

10.Milk (keep) in the refrigerator.

ACTIVITY 11 Exercise on Passive Voice –Complete the sentences (Active or Passive Voice). Use Simple Past. 1. They (visit) their granny.

6. The new shopping center (build) last year.

2. We (visit) by our teacher.

7. The film (produce / not) in Hollywood.

3. My friend Paul (bear) in Dallas.

8. Barbara (know) James very well.

4. She (go) to school in Boston.

9. The jewels (hide / not) in the cellar.

5. Antony (grow up) in the country.

10.We (spend / not) all day on the beach.

ACTIVITY 12 Exercise on Passive Voice – Complete the sentences (Active or Passive Voice). Use Present Perfect Simple. 1. The car (steal).

6. The boy (fall / not) off his bike.

2. I (bake) a cake.

7. I (bite / not) by a snake.

3. My friends (buy) a house.

8. He (step) on my toe.

4. The cup (put) on the table.

9. We (walk) all the way home.

5. Trees (plant) in the street.

10.She (pick up / not) by a friend.


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PDC INGLES 8° ACTIVITY 13 Rewrite the sentences in passive voice. Present Perfect 1. Kerrie has paid the bill. -

6. You have not sent the parcel. -

2. I have eaten a hamburger. -

7. We have not agreed to this issue. -

3. We have cycled five miles. -

8. They have not caught the thieves. -

4. I have opened the present. -

9. Has she phoned him? -

5. They have not read the book. -

10.Have they noticed us? -

ACTIVITY 14 Hadrian's Wall Fill the gaps with the correct tenses (active or passive voice). 1. In the year 122 AD, the Roman Emperor Hadrian (visit) _____________________his provinces in Britain. 2. On his visit, the Roman soldiers (tell) _____________________him that Pictish tribes from Britain's north (attack) them. 3. So Hadrian (give) _____________________the order to build a protective wall across one of the narrowest parts of the country. 4. After 6 years of hard work, the Wall (finish) _____________________in 128. 5. It (be) _____________________117 kilometres long and about 4 metres high. 6. The Wall (guard) _____________________by 15,000 Roman soldiers. 7. Every 8 kilometres there (be)_____________________ a large fort in which up to 1,000 soldiers (find) _____________________shelter. 8. The soldiers (watch) _____________________over the frontier to the north and (check) _____________________the people who (want) _____________________to enter or leave Roman Britain. 9. In order to pass through the Wall, people (must go) _____________________to one of the small forts that (serve)_____________________ as gateways. 10.Those forts (call)_____________________ milecastles because the distance from one fort to another (be)_____________________ one Roman mile (about 1,500 metres). 11.Between the milecastles there (be) _____________________two turrets from which the soldiers (guard)_____________________ the Wall.


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PDC INGLES 8° 12.If the Wall (attack)_____________________ by enemies, the soldiers at the turrets (run)_____________________ to the nearest milecastle for help or (light)_____________________ a fire that (can / see)_____________________ by the soldiers in the milecastle. 13.In 383 Hadrian's Wall (abandon)_____________________ . 14.Today Hadrian's Wall (be) _____________________the most popular tourist attraction in northern England. 15.In 1987, it (become)_____________________ a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

ACTIVITY 15 Rewrite the following sentences so that the verbs will be in the active voice. 1.

We are taught grammar by Ms Sullivan.

10.

We will be blamed by everyone.

2.

He was praised by the teacher.

11.

The trees were blown down by the wind.

3.

The injured were taken to the hospital by the firemen.

12.

The thieves were caught by the police.

4.

The town was destroyed by an earthquake.

13.

The letter was posted by Alice.

5.

The teacher was pleased with the boy’s work.

14.

We were received by the hostess.

6.

The building was damaged by the fire.

15.

The snake was killed with a stick.

7.

By whom were you taught French?

16.

The minister was welcomed by the people.

8.

You will be given a ticket by the manager.

17.

He was found guilty of murder.

9.

The streets were thronged with spectators.

18.

This house was built by John Mathews in 1991.


PDC INGLES 8° ATTACHMENT 1 ACTIVE AND PASSIVE TENSES CHART SIMPLE PRESENT and SIMPLE PAST The active object becomes the passive subject. am/is/are + past participle was/were + past participle Active: Simple Present The movie fascinates me. The movie bores Jack. The movie surprises them.

Passive: Simple Present I am fascinated by the movie. Jack is bored by the movie. They are surprised by the movie.

Active: Simple Past The movie bored me. The movie fascinated Jack. The movie surprised them.

Passive: Simple Past I was bored by the movie. Jack was fascinated by the movie. They were surprisedby the movie. PRESENT and PAST CONTINUOUS (PROGRESSIVE) Passive form: am/is/are + being + past participle was/were + being + past participle

Active: Present Continuous I am helping Shannon. June is helping Su and Ling.

Passive: Present Continuous Shannon is being helped by me. Su and Ling are being helped by June.

Active: Past Continuous I was cleaning the bathroom. They were cleaning the bedroom. Susan was cleaning the kitchen and patio.

Passive: Past Continuous The bathroom was being cleaned by me. The bedroom was being cleaned by them. The kitchen and patio were being cleaned by Susan.

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PDC INGLES 8° PRESENT PERFECT Passive form: have/has been + past participle Active: Present Perfect I have mailed the gift. Jack has mailed the gifts.

Passive: Present Perfect The gift has been mailed by me. The gifts have been mailed by Jack. FUTURE TENSES Passive forms: will + be + past participle is/are going to be + past participle

Active: Future with WILL I will mail the gift. Jack will mail the gifts.

Passive: Future with WILL The gift will be mailed by me. The gifts will be mailed by Jack.

Active: Future with GOING TO I am going to make the cake. Sue is going to make two cakes.

Passive: Future with GOING TO The cake is going to be made by me. Two cakes are going to be made by Sue. PRESENT / FUTURE MODALS The passive form follows this pattern: modal + be + past participle

Active: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Sharon will invite Tom to the party. Sharon won't invite Jeff to the party. (Sharon will not invite Jeff to the party.)

Passive: WILL / WON'T (WILL NOT) Tom will be invited to the party by Sharon. Jeff won't be invited to the party by Sharon. (Jeff will not be invited to the party by Sharon.)

Active: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) Mai can foretell the future. Terry can't foretell the future. (Terry can not foretell the future.)

Passive: CAN / CAN'T (CAN NOT) The future can be foretold by Mai. The future can't be foretold by Terry. (The future can not be foretold by Terry.)

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PDC INGLES 8° Active: MAY / MAY NOT Her company may give Katya a new office. The lazy students may not do the homework. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Her company might give Katya a new office. The lazy students might not do the homework.

Passive: MAY / MAY NOT Katya may be given a new office by her company. The homework may not be done by the lazy students. MIGHT / MIGHT NOT Katya might be given a new office by her company. The homework might not be done by the lazy students.

Active: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T Students should memorize English verbs. Children shouldn't smoke cigarettes.

Passive: SHOULD / SHOULDN'T English verbs should be memorized by students. Cigarettes shouldn't be smoked by children.

Active: MUST / MUST NOT Tourists must apply for a passport to travel abroad. Customers must not use that door.

Passive: MUST / MUST NOT A passport to travel abroad must be applied for. That door must not be used by customers.

Active: HAS TO / HAVE TO She has to practice English every day. Sara and Miho have to wash the dishes every day. DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO Maria doesn't have to clean her bedroom every day. The children don't have to clean their bedrooms every day.

Passive: HAS TO / HAVE TO English has to be practiced every day. The dishes have to be washed by them every day. DOESN'T HAVE TO/ DON'T HAVE TO Her bedroom doesn't have to be cleaned every day. Their bedrooms don't have to be cleaned every day.

Active: BE SUPPOSED TO I am supposed to type the composition. I am not supposed to copy the stories in the book. Janet is supposed to clean the living room. She isn't supposed to eat candy and gum. They are supposed to make dinner for the family. They aren't supposed to make dessert.

Passive: BE SUPPOSED TO The composition is supposed to be typed by me. The stories in the book are not supposed to be copied. The living room is supposed to be cleaned by Janet. Candy and gum aren't supposed to be eaten by her. Dinner for the family is supposed to be made by them. Dessert isn't supposed to be made by them.

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8TH ENGLISH ASSIGNMENT III  
8TH ENGLISH ASSIGNMENT III  

III PERIOD ENGLISH

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